I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OE?A?INUeEA IAAeE*IA NOIIAOIEIA?*IA AEAAeAI?ss

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 616.314.17 — 008:614. 876:616.45

AA?AEOOA AAEAIOEIA AIOAEI?AIA

INIAEEAINOI IA?AAIAO OA EIEOAAIIss AAIA?AEICIAAIIAI

IA?IAeIIOEOO O OAI?EO, UI CACIAEE AIEEAO IIIICOTH*I?

?AAeIAOeI? A IAEEO AeICAO A OIIAAO INEOI-AIIOeIEIIAI

NO?ANO (aenia?eiaioaeueii-eeiii/ia aeineiaeaeaiiy)

14.01.22 — noiiaoieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Iieoaaa — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii?
ina?oe.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eooeaaeye Aaeaioeia
Oaaei??aia, Oa?e?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe,
caa?aeoaa/ea eaoaae?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? I?eieeoei
Aiaoie?e Ea?eiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e Oe?a?inueei? iaaee/ii?
noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai??;

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iie?ooi Aioii?ia Ieoaee?aia,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e oa?aiaaoe/ii? noiiaoieia?? Iaoe?iiaeueiee aea?aeaaiee
iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? I.I. Aiaiiieueoey

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe,
eaoaae?a oa?aiaaoe/ii? noiiaoieia??.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “28_”___09__1999?ieo i14 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae 44.601.01 i?e Oe?a?inuee?e
iaaee/i?e noiiaoieia?/i?e aeaaeai?? (314024, i.Iieoaaa, aoe.Oaa/aiea,
23).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueei?
iaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?/ii? aeaaeai??.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “28”_08_1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? A/aii? ?aaee Ae 44.601.01eaiaeeaeao
iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I.A.Aieiaei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

AEOOAEUeI?NOUe OAIE. A iei?oi?e /an o iaaeeoeei?, a oiio /ene? ? a
noiiaoieia??, iaeiie/aii cia/iee iaoa??ae a?aeiinii aea/aiiy iane?aee?a
aieeao ?ii?coth/i? ?aae?aoe?? o aaeeeeo aeicao, a oaeiae iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy ? i?io?eaeoeee i?iiaiaaeo oneeaaeiaiue a ii?iaeiei? ?ioa
(Iiii/aiei ?.A., I?inueeee ?.O., 1971; Ao?eeaiiaa E.I. ?c ni?aaao.,
1973; Iaoye?i I.N., 1985; Ei?/ae A.A. ?c ni?aaao., 1990; Harrison L.B.,
Fass D.F., 1990; Declerk B.D. et.al., 1995; Carl W., 1995 ).

Iaeiae *i?iiaeeuenueea eaoano?ioa aeeeoo? iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy
iaoai?ci?a ae?? ?aae?aoe?? a iaeeo aeicao, oiio ui cia/iee eiioeiaaio
e?ea?aeaoi??a iane?aee?a aaa??? oa aeeoae?a aeecueei i?eeyaath/eo aei
noaioe?? oa?eoi??e i?aeiaee i?ae aieea ye caaaeueiiai, oae ?
aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy a iaeeo aeicao, eio?? iaiii?oii aieeaathoue ia
i?aai?ci (Iineaeueia TH.?., No??eueoeia A.I., 1986; Eiaaeaiei A.I.,
1990; N?a?ioeaa TH.A., 1991; ?oaei?a I.?., 1994).

Iaiao?aei?noue aea/aiiy a?aeaeaeaieo iane?aee?a ?ii?coth/i? ?aae?aoe?? a
iaeeo aeicao oaeiae coiiaeaia no/aniei cia/iei ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi aeaea?ae
?aae?aoe?? a ??ciiiai?oi? noa?e ae?iaieoeoaa, caa?oaeiaiiyi oa?eoi???
?aae?iaeoeaieie i?iaeoeoaie aiane?aeie aei?iaoaaiiy yaea?ii? ca?i?,
aaeeeeo aaa??e ia yaea?ieo onoaiiaeao (Aaneeaiei ?.ss., 1979; Aioiiia
A.I., 1987; Eoaea??iia O.E., Naenaiaaeia O.C., 1992).

A?aeiii, ui i?ae /an aaa??e ia *AAN, ie??i ?aae?aoe??, aoei aaaaoi
ooeiaeaeoth/eo oaeoi??a, ye? ae?yee iaeii/anii. Na?aae ieo:
ineoieia?/iee, o?i?/iee, oa?i?/iee, nioe?aeueii-iiaooiaee oa ?i.
(?aaieoeueea I.O. ?c ni?aaao., 1990; Aa?aaie A.A., Ianyiieeiaa E.I.,
1992; A?oaiiiiaa ?c ni?aaao., 1992; Nooia TH.A., 1992; ?oaei?a I.?.,
1994). A ca’yceo c oeei aeieeea neeaaeia aeieia?/ia neooaoe?y, yea
ni?e/eieea cia/iee ??no niiaoe/ii? caoai?thaaiino?, ia oii? yei?
niinoa??aathoueny ??cei ae?aaeai? iaoieia?/i? yaeua a ii?iaeiei? ?ioa, a
oiio /ene? ? a oeaieiao ia?iaeiioo (*eaeianueeee ?.A. ?c ni?aaao., 1994;
Eooeueea ?.E. ?c ni?aaao., 1994; Aeoiye A.I. ?c ni?aaao., 1995; Niiey?
I.?., I?eoei C.?., 1995; Oiiaiei E.I. ?c ni?aaao., 1995; Iani?yaeueei
A.I. ?c ni?aaao., 1995; ?aaaiie A.A., 1996; Aieeia N.I., 1996).

*i?iiaeeuenueeee neiae?ii ? ca?ac caaaaeeith aeey an??? iaaeeoeeie, a
oiio /ene? ? aeey noiiaoieia??. Ia?aae a/aieie noi?oue i?iaeaia aea/aiiy
eiiieaenieo ooeiaeaeaiue i?aai?a oa nenoai. Iaaeinoaoiy e?euee?noue
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a oeueiio iai?yieo, cia/ii niia?eueith? ?ic?iaeo
aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy ia?iaeiioeoo i?e ae?? ia
i?aai?ci iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a ?aae?aoe?eii? oa ia?aae?aoe?eii?
i?e?iaee.

?acoeueoaoe iaaee/iiai ianoaaeaiiy in?a, ui i?iaeeaathoue ? i?aoeththoue
a iani?eyoeeaeo oiiaao *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe, na?ae/aoue i?i
iayai?noue o ieo iaa?ioe/ieo ?iceaae?a, ye? ca aeoieith aaaaoueio
aaoi??a, ? ?acoeueoaoii ia?aaeeoiai ineoi-aiioe?eiiai no?ano a ia??iae
aaa??? (Iyao A.?., 1991; ?iiaiaiei A.?., 1991; Eiaaeaiei A.I., 1992;
Iai/aiei ?.I. ?c ni?aaao., 1993; Aa/a?eeia I.?. ?c ni?aaao., 1995).

A?aoiaoth/e aaeeeo /ooeea?noue oeaiei ia?iaeiioo aei ?aae?aoe?eiiai
(?aaaiie A.A., 1996) oa no?ani?iiai (Oa?anaiei E.I., 1985; Iao?ooaiei
O.I., 1992; Eeoia/aiei ?.TH., 1997) aieeao aeieeea aino?a iaiao?aei?noue
aea/aiiy eiiieaenii? ae?? oeeo oaeoi??a ia ?icaeoie iaoieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a i?e ia?iaeiioeo? oa ?ic?iaee aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? o?aaiaioii iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e
oa?aiaaoe/ii? noiiaoieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy
e?ea??a “Iiia?aaeaeaiiy ? e?eoaaiiy caoai?thaaiue ii?iaeieie ?ioa”,
iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? – 0195U020627.

IAOA AeINE?AeAEAIIss. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeyaeaiiy iaoai?ci?a
ooeiaeaeaiiy oeaiei ia?iaeiioo o in?a, ui caciaee eiiieaeniiai aieeao
?aae?aoe?? oa no?ano aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *AAN, a oaeiae ?ic?iaea
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iiai eiiieaeno oeei oai?ei.

CAAAeAIIss AeINE?AeAEAIIss

1.Aeyaeoe oa?aeoa? ?aaeoe?? oeaiei ia?iaeiioo uo??a ia ae?th ?ii?coth/i?
?aae?aoe?? a iaeeo aeicao oa no?ano.

2.Aea/eoe a aenia?eiaio? aieea aiaeie?eiieo ?iceaae?a ia noai oeaiei
ia?iaeiioo a oiiaao ae?? ia i?aai?ci ?ii?coth/i? ?aae?aoe?? a iaeeo
aeicao oa no?ano.

3.Aeine?aeeoe nenoaii? (iaoaaie?/i?, ?ioiieia?/i?, aaiaoieia?/i?)
?aaeoe?? i?aai?cio oaa?ei ia aieea ooeiaeaeoth/eo oaeoi??a: ?aae?aoe??
oa no?ano.

4.Aea/eoe noai oeaiei ia?iaeiioo oa nenoaii? o?aaeaiiy a o/aniee?a
e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a eaoano?ioe ia *AAN, a oaeiae o in?a, ui
iino?aaeaeaee aiane?aeie aaa???.

5.Aea/eoe ca’ycie ineoi-aiioe?eiiai iai?oaeaiiy, iae?iaaiieo ?iceaae?a c
i?ia?anoaaiiyi ia?iaeiioeoo o oai?eo, ui i?aeiaee i?ae aieea
iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe.

6.Iaa?oiooaaoe aoaeoeai?noue aeayeeo i?eioeei?a iaoiaaiaoe/ii? ei?aeoe??
ia?iaeiioeoo i?e ae?? ia i?aai?ci ?ii?coth/i? ?aae?aoe?? a oiiaao
ineoi-aiioe?eiiai no?ano.

IAOEIAA IIAECIA IAeA?AEAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

Aia?oa a aenia?eiaio? aea/ai? ii?oieia?/i? oa oeueo?ano?oeoo?i?
ii?ooaiiy a ia?iaeiio? i?e eiiieaeniiio aieea? ?aae?aoe?? a iaeeo aeicao
oa no?ano ia i?aai?ci. Aeiaaaeaii, ui no?an ? oaeoi?ii, yeee cia/ii
iiaeeaeth? iaoieia?/i? yaeua, iia’ycai? c ae??th ?aae?aoe??.

Aea/ai? oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? ci?ie a N – ee?oeiao ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?e
ae?? ia i?aai?ci caaaeueiiai ?ii?coth/iai ii?ii?iaiiy a iaeeo aeicao oa
no?ano. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui ia aieea oeeo iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a N –
ee?oeie a?aeiia?aeathoue ?aiiueith ?aaeoe?? aeaa?aioeyoe?? oa iineeaiiyi
nae?aoe?? eaeueoeeoii?io, ye? i?ecaiaeyoue aei ii?ooaiiy eaeueoe??aiai
aiiainoaco, ui a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue a aeano?oeoe?? oeaiei
ia?iaeiioo.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui ?aae?aoe?y ?acii c? no?anii i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?iceaaeo
a?io?i?/ieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci?, cieaeaiiy eiai caoenieo aeanoeainoae,
ni?ey? iineeaiith ineoi-aiioe?eiiai iai?oaeaiiy. An? oe? yaeua
aca?iica’ycai? ? aca?iicoiiaeai?, ? ciaoiaeyoueny a iniia? i?ia?anoaaiiy
caiaeueii-aeano?oeoeaieo i?ioean?a o ia?iaeiio?.

Aeiaaaeaii ?ieue no?ano a ?icaeoeo iae?iaaiieo ?iceaae?a o oai?eo,
iino?aaeaeaeeo aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe. Aeyaeaii ca’ycie
aenieiai ineoi-aiioe?eiiai iai?oaeaiiy c i?ia?anoaaiiyi ia?iaeiioeoo o
aeaii? eaoaai??? oai?eo.

Aea/aii ee?i?/i?, ?aioaaiieia?/i? oa eaai?aoi?i? iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao
ia?iaeiioeoo o in?a, ui caciaee aieeao iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a
*i?iiaeeuenueei? aaa???.

Ia iniia? aea/aieo iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo ia?iaeiioeoo i?ae ae??th
?ii?coth/i? ?aae?aoe?? oa no?ano ?ic?iaeaii e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/iee
eiiieaen ? iaa?oioiaaia eiai aoaeoeai?noue.

I?AEOE*IA CIA*AIIss IO?EIAIEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A

?acoeueoaoe io?eiaieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aiinyoue nooo?aee aeeaae a
i?iaeaio c’ynoaaiiy iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a, ui ?icaeaathoueny a
oeaieiao ia?iaeiioo i?ae aieeaii ?aae?aoe?eieo oa no?ani?ieo oaeoi??a.

Aia?oa aeey e?eoaaiiy aaia?ae?ciaaiiai ia?iaeiioeoo aeei?enoaii
iaai?iiiaeueiee i?aia?ao “Inoaio?i”, ui coieiy? ?aci?aoe?th e?noeiai?
oeaieie, i?ioeae?? inoaiii?ico, noeioeth? inoaiaaiac. Inoaio?iiia
oa?ai?y aeiiiaiaia i?e?iaeieie iaoiene/ieie i?aia?aoaie, ui iathoue
?ioiiiiaeoethth/o, aioeieneaeaioio aeoeai?noue, ni?eythoue iie?auaiith
caaaeueiiai noaio i?aai?cio, i?aeaeuothoue eiai no?ee?noue aei ae??
?aae?aoe??, no?ano, oiene/ieo aieea?a, ii?iae?cothoue i?ioeane
iaoaaie?cio (“A?io?eo — N”, aaeuecai “Oeioeia”).

AI?IAAAeAEAIIss ?ACOEUeOAO?A AeINE?AeAEAIIss A I?AEOE*IO NOIIAOIEIA?TH

?ic?iaeaiee i?io?eaeoe/ii-e?eoaaeueiee eiiieaen aeei?enoiao?oueny a
i?aeoe/i?e ?iaio? iaeanii? noiiaoieia?/ii? iie?ee?i?ee i. Oa?eiaa, a
Oa?e?anueeiio iaeaniiio aeeniaina?? i?ioe?aae?aoe?eiiai caoenoo
ianaeaiiy (OIAeICI), a o/aiaiio i?ioean? eaoaae?e oa?aiaaoe/ii?
noiiaoieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai ?inoeoooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a (O?OE) ?
o?e?? eaoaae?e (i. Noie).

AI?IAAOe?ss ?IAIOE

Ai?iaaoe?y aeena?oaoe?? i?iaaaeaia ia ni?eueiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?
oa?aiaaoe/ii?, o??o?a?/ii?, i?oiiaaee/ii? noiiaoieia?? O?OE oa eaoaae?e
noiiaoieia?? aeeoy/iai a?eo Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (OAeIO) 26 /a?aiy 1998 ?ieo, a oaeiae ia can?aeaii?
ai?iaaoe?eii? a/aii? ?aaee i?e Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/i?e noiiaoieia?/i?e
aeaaeai?? (OINA, i. Iieoaaa) 8 a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia can?aeaii? Anioe?aoe??
noiiaoieia?a i. Oa?eiaa a 1997 ?ioe?, ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 130-e ??/ieoe? eaoaae?e a?noieia??, oeeoieia??
oa aia??ieia?? OAeIO (1997 ?.), ia ?aa?iiaeueieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo a/aieo-noiiaoieia?a ? i?aeoe/ieo e?ea??a a 1997-99 ?ieao
(i. Oa?e?a).

IOAE?EAOe??

Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 iaoeiaeo noaoae, iaea?aeaii
iiceoeaia ??oaiiy i?i aeaeaiiy iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae «Niin?a e?eoaaiiy
aaia?ae?ciaaiiai ia?iaeiioeoo» a?ae 24.02.99.

AeAEEA?AOe?ss EIIE?AOIIAI ?IAeEA?AeOAEUeIIAI AIANEO AeENA?OAIOA A
?IC?IAEO IAOEIAEO ?ACOEUeOAO?A, ssE? AEIINssOUeNss IA CAOENO

Aaoi?ii naiino?eii noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?ic?iaeaia aeine?aeieoeueea i?ia?aia, naiino?eii i?iaaaeai? ee?i?/i?
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? ?acii ?c ni?a?ia?oieeaie
Oa?e?anueeiai iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo iaaee/ii? ?aae?ieia?? a
eaai?aoi??yo: iaoiii?oieia??, ?aae?aoe?eii? aaiaoeee, ?ioiieia?? oa
eaai?aoi??? i?ioe?aae?aoe?eieo i?aia?ao?a.

Eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? oai?eo i?iaaaeai? a ee?i?/i?e
eaai?aoi??? OIAeICI ca o/anoth aaoi?a.

IANssA ? NO?OEOO?A AeENA?OAOe??

Iaoa??ae aeeeaaeaii ia 204 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo. Aeena?oaoe?y
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??aeo oa iaoiaeee
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo, ee?i?/ieo oa
eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ?icae?eo, ui aeeth/a? eiiieaenio oa?ai?th
ia?iaeiioeoo o aeine?aeaeoaaieo oai?eo, iaaiai?aiiy io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
nieneo e?oa?aoo?e (anueiai 236 noi??iie iaoeiiieno). ?iaioa ?ethno?iaaia
21 oaaeeoeath oa 66 ?enoieaie. A?ae?ia?ao?y aeeth/a? 291 aeaea?aei, c
yeeo 241 a?o/eciyieo oa 50 ?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia’?eoe oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey ??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue
i?iaaaeaiee eiiieaen aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa ee?i?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? a Oa?e?anueeiio
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?inoeooo? iaaee/ii? ?aae?ieia?? (OIAe?I?). 55
oaa?ei (a?e? uo?e naioe? iiioeyoe?? A?noa? c ianith o?ea 160-180 a)
i?aeiaaeaee i?ae aieea oioaeueiiai ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy o?e/?,
eiaeiee aeaiue ii 0,25 A? ( a ia??iae c 10 aei 11 aiaeei ?aieo). Noia?ia
aeica – 0,75 A?. Ii?ii?iaiiy cae?enithaaee ia aia?ao? ?OI-17 ? 1037 i?e
noaiaea?oieo oaoi?/ieo oiiaao: neea no?oio 7 iA, iai?oaa 150 eA,
o?eueo?e — Cu — 1 ii, Al — 1 ii, iiooaei?noue aeice a i’yeeo
oeaieiao 1,06o10-2 A? / oa.

A?aeoai?thaaee i?aeaino?ee ?iia?e?caoe?eiee no?an (o?ueio?aciaa
a?iie?iac?y o niaoe?aeueieo o?nieo ee?oeao i?ioyaii 15 aiaeei, O?aieaeue
E.A., 1996) i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy. I?iaaaeaii 4 na??? aeine?ae?a: 1 —
a?ieia?/iee eiio?ieue (?ioaeoi? uo?e); 2 — ii?ii?iaiiy a noia?i?e aeic?
0,75 A?; 3 – no?an (a?iie?iac?y o?e aei? i?ae?yae); 4 – ii?ii?iaiiy oa
no?an (ii?ii?iaiiy a noia?i?e aeic? 0,75 A? ? 3-o aeiaiaa a?iie?iac?y
i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy). Uo??a aeaeai?ooaaee, aeio?eioth/enue i?aaee
aaoaiac?? (oeyoii ciae?iaeaiiy i?ae aaenaiaeiaei ia?eicii) ia 3, 7, 30-o
aeiao i?ney aieea?a.

Aeey aeyaeaiiy ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i a oeaieiao ia?iaeiioo i?iaiaeeee
a?noieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy o?aaiaio?a uaeai, ui aeeth/aee coa,
ioi/oth/? i’ye? oeaieie, e?noeiao i?aecoaio ia?aoeieo. Cae?enithaaee
aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ynai.

C iaoith c’ynoaaiiy ?ie? ai?iiiaeueieo ii?ooaiue o iaoiaaiac?
ia?iaeiioeoo i?e ae?? ia i?aai?ci caaaeueiiai ii?ii?iaiiy a iaeeo aeicao
a oiiaao no?ano aea/ai? oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? iniaeeaino? N – ee?oei
ueoiaeaeii? caeice, ye? neioacothoue eaeueoeeoii?i ? ia?aeaeueii
aecia/aii ai?no eaeueoe?th a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? uo??a eiiieaeniiiiao?e/iei
iaoiaeii ca Wunsch L (1960).

A?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ne?iaaoee e?ia? oaa?ei aeeth/aee oaeiae
aecia/aiiy ai?noo oa?iaio?a, ye? i?eeiathoue o/anoue o iaoaaie?/ieo
i?ioeanao oeaiei ia?iaeiioo : eenei? oa eoaeii? oinoaoac (iaoiae
Aiaeainueeiai), a oaeiae aeueoa-ai?eace (Caraway W.T., 1959).

C iaoith aea/aiiy caaaeueiiai noaio i?aai?cio oaa?ei, eiai caoenieo
aeanoeainoae aoei i?iaaaeaii ee?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? uo??a,
aecia/aiiy eiai oaaioeeoa?ieo aeanoeainoae (oaaioeeoa?io aeoeai?noue
iaeo?io?e?a i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith Eoae?yaeoeueeiai A.?., 1985).

Iaie i?iaaaeaii ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?ia ianoaaeaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy 113
noiiaoieia?/ieo oai?eo a?eii a?ae 21 aei 62 ?ie?a (i?ioyaii 1996 — 1998
?ie?a). C ieo 59 /ieia?e – oai?? c ia?iaeiioeoaie, ye? iino?aaeaeaee
a?ae aaa??? ia *AAN (a?oia – *i?iiaeeuenueeee eiioeiaaio), 40 oai?eo
ia?iaeiioeoii i?noeaaiai ?aa?iio, ia iia’ycaieo c aaa???th (a?oia
ii??aiyiiy) oa 14 /ieia?e c ?ioaeoiei ia?iaeiioii ? naiiaaiith
ii?iaeieiith ?ioa. A?oio *i?iiaeeuenueeiai eiioeiaaioo ianoaaeoaaee oa
e?eoaaee ia aac? OIAeICI, a?oio ii??aiyiiy – ia eaoaae?? oa?aiaaoe/ii?
noiiaoieia?? O?OE.

Ee?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca?aeii caaaeueiii?eeiyoi? noaie:
ca?? aiaiiaco, iaeyae, aecia/aiiy A? ca Oaaei?iaei-Aieiaee?iith,
?iaeaeno I? ca ?onnaeai, i?iaa O?eea?a-Iena??aa, aaeooiia i?iaa ca
Eoeaaeaiei A.?., 1969. I?iaiaeeee i?oiiaioiiia?ao?th, /anoeiao
aioo??oiuei?ioiao ?aioaaiia?ao?th aeueaaiey?ieo a?ae?inoe?a,
aoiinoaiiao??th a?o/eciyiei aia?aoii AII – 1oe. Oai?eo iai?aaeyee ia
ee?i?/iee aiae?c e?ia?, na/?, aecia/aiiy ??aiy oeoe?o a e?ia?. Aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ia?aeueiiai iai?io a ii?ii?iaieo oai?eo aeei?enoiaoaaee
a?io?i?/iee aiae?c e?ia? ia ai?no eaeueoe?th (Wunsh L., 1962), oinoi?o
(Iaeac IC N?N? ? 290, 1972), eae?th oa iao??th (iaoiae iieoi’yii?
oioiiao???, Iaeac IIC N?N? ? 960, 1974), a oaeiae aecia/aee aeoeai?noue
oa?iaio?a: eoaeii? oinoaoace (iaoiae iino?eiiai /ano ca aeiiiiiaith
?aaeoea?a o??ie Eaoaia — *?N?) oa aeueoa-ai?eace (iaoiae Ea?aaay).

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio i?aai?cio oai?eo
aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiae aecia/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ee?oei
aoeeaeueiiai ai?oae?th (Oaoaacia A.A. oa ?i., 1986). Aeey ioe?iee ??aiy
ineoi-aiioe?eiiai iai?oaeaiiy o iaoe??io?a aeine?aeaeoaaee aeanio oeaeo
o?eaiaeiino? (Teylor J., 1953).

Aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy ioe?ithaaee /a?ac 1,5-2 e 6-8
i?nyoe?a i?ney e?eoaaiiy, aeei?enoiaoth/e caaaeueiii?eeiyo? iieacieee:
A?, I?, nooi?iue ?ooeeaino? coa?a, i?iao O?eea?a-Iena??aa, i?iao
Eoeaaeaiei, aoiinoa?aiao??th. Iiaoi?ii aea/aee ??aaiue eaeueoe?th oa
oinoi?o a e?ia?, aecia/aee aeoeai?noue ee?oei aoeeaeueiiai ai?oae?th.

Oaanue oeeo?iaee iaoa??ae, io?eiaiee i?ae /an aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?
ee?i?/ieo aeine?ae?a, ia?iaeaii noaoenoe/ii ca Nouethaeaioii c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?ia?ai aeey AII oa i?e?i AII. I?e aiae?c? /anoioe iciae,
ui niinoa??aathoueny, cae?enithaaany ?ic?aooiie iiieeee ia?aieo aeieae
oa aecia/aeanue a??ia?aei?noue a?aei?iiinoae i?ae na??yie aeine?ae?a ca
oi/iei iaoiaeii O?oa?a (Eae?i A.O., 1990; Aoaea? ?.A., 1978).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue

sse iieacaee a?noieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, oeaieie ia?iaeiioo a ?aii?e
ia??iae (3-a, 7-a aeiaa i?ney aieeao) ?aaaothoue ia ae?th ?ii?coth/i?
?aae?aoe?? a aeic? 0,75 A?. Aaea ia 3-o aeiao a ai?oae?? ynai aoee
ciaeaeai? a?ic??, ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? ca?ai ea?aoia?ae?io a ca?ienoiio
oa??, caiaeuei? ?io?eueo?aoe, iaa?ye a i?aeeaaeiio a?aeae?e? aeanii?
ieanoeiee ynai, eieaaaiiaeo aieieii aeania ia??iaeiioo, iaoieia?/i?
ci?ie aiaeioae?th e?iaiiinieo noaeei c i?iyaaie iaa?yeaiiy oa noaco. Ia
7-io aeiao iaei i?noea iiaeeaeaiiy caiaeueii-aeano?oeoeaieo ci?i. Aoee
ciaeaeai?: caiaeueia ?io?eueo?aoe?y, ?icoe?aiiy oa iiaiie?ia’y noaeei o
aeania ia??iaeiio?, iioiauaiiy ?iaiaiai oa?o ai?oae?th o aeaeyae?
aeaioico ? a?ia?ea?aoico, c?inoaiiy caiaeueiiai i?ioeano o aeani?e
ieanoeioe?, ii/aoie ooai?aiiy ia?iaeiioaeueieo eeoaiue. Ia 30-oo aeiao
ia niinoa??aaee iciae a?aeiiaeaiiy ii?ooaieo i?ioean?a.

No?ani?iee aieea i?ecaiaeea aei iiyae iaoieia?/ieo yaeu, iiae?aieo aei
oeo, ui niinoa??aaee i?e ae?? ?aae?aoe??, aea a oeueiio aeiaaeeo ia
7-30-o aeiao aeyaeaii a?eueo ae?aaeaiee aaneoe?o, ?io?eueo?aoe?th
iie?ii?oiiyaea?ieie eaeeioeeoaie aeania ia??iaeiioo c yaeuaie
aaeoieueii? aeeno?io?? oa e?ceno a ai?oae?? i?ee??ieaiiy coaiyniaaiai
c’?aeiaiiy.

A?aei?iiith aeanoea?noth no?ani?iiai aieeao ? ?aaeoe?y e?noeiai? oeaieie
uaeai. Ine?eueee aaea ia 3-th aeiao a eiiiaeoi?e e?nooe? uaeai
niinoa??aaee ?icoe?aiiy aaaa?niaeo eaiae?a, a yeeo i?ioiaeyoue
e?iaiiini? noaeeie c i?ie?oa?aoe??th a ieo aiaeioae?th, yaeuaie noaco oa
ieaciaoe/iiai i?iieooaaiiy.

Cae?eniai? iaie oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ynai i?e ae??
iaoiaaiieo oaeoi??a iieacaee ?aii? (3-7-a aeiaa) ci?ie ai?oae?th, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ??ceei iaa?yeii i?oioiiae??e a ee?oeiao aacaeueiiai
oa oie/eiaeaeiiai oa?o, ciaioaiiyi e?eueeino? a?aioe ea?aoia?ae?io a
ca?ienoiio oa??, ae?aaeaiei ?icoiaeaeaiiyi eiioaeo?a i?ae ee?oeiaie
aacaeueiiai ? oie/eiaeaeiiai oa?o oa iiyaith a ieo ee?oei Eaiaa?aaina.

I?e ae?? iaeiiai ii?ii?iaiiy ia 30-o aeiao a?aeaoaa?oueny a?aeiiaeaiiy
ii?ooaieo eiioaeo?a i?ae ee?oeiaie, i?oioiiae??? iaaoaathoue cae/aeiiai
aeaeyaeo, niinoa??aathoueny iciaee a?aeiiaethaaeueieo a?ineioaoe/ieo
i?ioean?a.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae ii?ii?iaiiy, i?e no?aniaiio aieea?, ia 30-o aeiao ia
niinoa??aa?oueny iiaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e ai?oae?th: eiioaeoe i?ae
ee?oeiaie i?iaeiaaeothoue caeeoaoenue ?icoe?aieie, ui iiaea ni?eyoe
ii?ooaiith i?iieeiino? ai?oae?th, oi/ ? a?aei?/athoueny yaeua, eio??
na?ae/aoue i?i noeioeyoe?th eiai caoenii? ooieoe?? (aeoea?co?oueny
a?eeiaee neioac a ee?oeiao oie/eiaeaeiiai oa?o, ca?eueoo?oueny
e?euee?noue ea?aoia?ae?iiaeo a?aioe a ca?ienoiio oa??, iineeththoueny
i?oioe/i? i?ioeane a aacaeueiiio oa??). Oaeei /eiii, no?an cia/ii
iioaioe?th? ? iineeth? iaoieia?/i? yaeua o ia?iaeiio?, ui iia’ycai? c
ae??th ?aae?aoe??.

?acoeueoaoe aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy N – ee?oei
ueoiaeaeii? caeice oa a?io?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ne?iaaoee e?ia? oaa?ei
na?ae/aoue, ui iaea?aeaia iaie cieaeaiiy ??aiy eaeueoe?th a e?ia?
iia’ycaia ?c cia/iei iineeaiiyi nae?aoi?ii? ae?yeueiino?
eaeueoe?oii?iioeeo?a, ui aeinyaa? naiai iaeneioio aei 30-? aeiae i?ney
aieeao ?aae?aoe?eiiai oaeoi?o. Iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui naii ii nia?
ii?ii?iaiiy oa no?an aeeeeeathoue iaa??ia?aeia oa iacia/ia cieaeaiiy
??aiy eaeueoe?th o an? oa?i?ie niinoa?aaeaiue. Aea i?e ni?euei?e ae??
oeeo oaeoi??a ia 7-o aeiao a?aeaoaa?oueny a??ia?aeia cieaeaiiy ai?noo
eaeueoe?th (87,33,4 % a?ae eiio?ieth, i?e ?=0,01), ui na?ae/eoue i?i
aca?iiiiiaeeaethth/o ?ieue ?aae?aoe?? oa no?ano o aeieeiaii?
a?iieaeueoe??i??.

Iaoai?ci aeano?oeoe?? e?noeiai? oeaieie ia?iaeiioo caaaeaee
?aae?co?oueny ca o/anoth oa?iaio?a: eoaeii? ? eenei? oinoaoac.
A?aoiaoth/e aenieo /ooeea?noue oeeo oa?iaio?a aei ae?? ?ii?coth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, iaie aea/aia ?o aeoeai?noue a oiiaao ae?? ia i?aai?ci
aeine?aeaeoaaieo oaeoi??a. Iaea?aeai? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i aeoeaia oa
?aii? ?aaaoaaiiy oeeo oa?iaio?a ia ae?th ii?ii?iaiiy, iniaeeai ?acii c?
no?anii. Eoaeia oinoaoaca i?e oeueiio i?aeaeuo?oueny a na?aaeiueiio aei
178,310,8% a?ae eiio?ieth, i?e ?=0,004. Ia a?aei?io a?ae eoaeii?, eenea
oinoaoaca o an?o aeiaaeeao cieaeo? naith aeoeai?noue a?eueo i?ae
iaiieiaeio, ui a na?aaeiueiio a?aeiia?aea? 45,110,2% a?ae eiio?ieth, i?e
?=0,01. Iaea?aeaia iaie ??cea ca?eueoaiiy oa cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? aeaieo
oa?iaio?a a e?ia? ? ?aii?i ae?aaiinoe/iei oanoii ooeiaeaeaiiy oeaiei
ia?iaeiioo i?e ae?? ?aae?aoe?? oa no?ano.

Aaaeeeaa i?noea a iaoaaie?/ieo i?ioeanao ia?iaeiioo caeia?
aeueoa-ai?eaca. Oiio, ?aii? ci?ie ?? aeoeaiino? a e?ia? oaeiae iiaeooue
nai?/anii na?ae/eoe i?i ?aae?aoe?eia oa no?ani?ia ooeiaeaeaiiy oeaiei
ia?iaeiioo ua aei iiyae a ieo ii?oieia?/ieo, ?aioaaiieia?/ieo ci?i. A
iaoeo aeine?aeao ie eiinoaooaaee cia/ia (126,52,5% a?ae eiio?ieth, i?e
?<0,01) oa a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? oeueiai oa?iaioo a e?ia?, iniaeeai i?e ni?euei?e ae?? ?aae?aoe?? oa no?ano. Oaeei /eiii, aeine?aeaeoaai? iaie oaeoi?e, a ?aii?e ia??iae iani?eyoeeai aieeaathoue ia e?noeiao oeaieio, neeii?, i?aeoeoieiao caeice, ?oeioth/e ?o, aiane?aeie /iai ca?eueoo?oueny ?o ai?no o ne?iaaooe? e?ia?. ?oeioth/ee aieea ?aae?aoe?? oa no?ano i?inoaaeaiee iaie ia aeine?aeaeaii? iieaciee?a ia?eoa?e/ii? e?ia? oaa?ei. I?e oeueiio aoea ciaeaeaia aeeaiea eaeeiiai?y. Oae, iaea?eueo iecueea iaae?iiy eaeeioeeo?a aei 34,53,2% a?ae eiio?ieth, i?e ?=0,01 ca?a?no?iaaii ia 3-th aeiao i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy. Aea, iacaaaeath/e ia oea a a?eueo i?ci? oa?i?ie ( ia 30-o aeiao) a?aeaoeiny iiaia a?aeiiaeaiiy iieaciee?a, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aaeee? eiiiainaoi?ii-i?enoinoaaeuei? aeanoeaino? i?aai?cio oaa?ei. No?an aeeeeea? iaio ae?aaeaio eaeeiiai?th (67,15,2%, i?e ?<0,001), aea ana ae niia?eueith? a?aeiiaethaaiee i?ioean. Aeyaeaia eaeeiiai?y na?ae/eoue i?i i?eai?/aiiy caoenieo ooieoe?e i?aai?cio aiane?aeie aieeao ?aae?aoe?? oa no?ano, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oaeiae aea/aiiyi oaaioeeoa?ii? aeoeaiino? iaeo?io?e?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee cia/ia ? a??ia?aeia ?? cieaeaiiy ca o?ueiia iieacieeaie: a?aenioie oaaioeeo?a (AO), oaaioeeoa?ia /enei (O*) ? aaeoa?eoeeaeia ?ii?noue e?ia? (A?E). Iieacieee a oeueiio aeiaaeeo, iinooiiai cieaeoth/enue, aeinyaathoue i?i?iaeueieo cia/aiue aei 30-? aeiae (AO ? O* a na?aaeiueiio aei 65-80%, A?E aei 16%). I?e oeueiio, ia 30-o aeiao iieacieee ia ii?iae?cothoueny i? a aeine?aeao c ii?ii?iaiiyi, i? a eiia?iaoe?? ii?ii?iaiiy oa no?ano. Oaeei /eiii, caaaeueia ii?ii?iaiiy uo??a o a?aeiinii iae?e aeic? ni?eueii c? no?anii aeeeeea? ?yae iaoia?noieia?/ieo, oeueo?ano?oeoo?ieo ci?i o oeaieiao ia?iaeiioo ia oii? ?iceaae?a a?io?i?/ieo i?ioean?a a i?aai?ci? oa iineaaeaiiy eiai caoenieo aeanoeainoae. ?acoeueoaoe ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?iiai ianoaaeaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo Aiae?c aeaieo ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo ia?iaeiioeoii aeicaieea aeyaeoe ?yae a?aei?iieo iniaeeainoae o a?oi? iaoe??io?a, iino?aaeaeaeeo aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei? aaa??? (iniae, o/anieee EIA ia *AAN, a oaeiae ia?anaeaioe? ?c ?aae?aoe?eii-caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e Ee?anueei?, Aiiaeuenueei?, AEeoiie?nueei? iaeano? - 59 /ieia?e, ui iaea?aeaee aeico ?aae?aoe?? aei 1 A?ay, ye a?aecia/aeinue o aeieoiaioao). Iaoe??ioe oe??? a?oie nea?aeeeenue ia ae?aaeaio a?eue, e?iaioi/ea?noue ynai. Aaaaoi c ieo a?aei?/aee ?ooii?noue coa?a, ui aia?oa aoea aeyaeaia i?ney aeoiaeo ?c cii ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy. Ii?yae c oeei 90% oai?eo nea?aeeeenue ia noo?noue o ?io?, 50% - ia yaeua ia?anoac?? a ii?iaeiei? ?ioa, i?eniae iaoaeo, ia/?th neeciai? iaieiiee. ?acii c oeei iaoe??ioe iacaaii? a?oie a?aei?/aee caaaeueio neaae?noue, aoiio, ?icae?aoiaai?noue, aacniiiy, aieiai? aie?, caiaii?i/aiiy, cieaeaiiy iai’yo?. I?e iaeyae? caa?oaa ia naaa oaaao ??ceee iai?e?iiee caiao c ?ioo, iecueea a?a??ia, aonoa oyao/a neeia, aaaaoi coaieo iaoa?oaaiue. Neeciaa iaieiiea ii?iaeieie ?ioa aiai?/ia, ynia neithoi?, ?eoe?, ??cei e?iaioi/aoue, i?iaa Eoeaaeaiei aeinyaaea 11-13 naeoiae. Oeeee coa?a iaieai? aei 1/2, 2/3 aeiaaeeie ei?aiy, ?ooeea?noue coa?a ia?aaaaeii ??-??? nooiaith, aeeaeia ia?iaeiioaeueieo eeoaiue a?ae 5 ii, a a aeayeeo oai?eo aeinyaa? 8 ii c ?yniei na?iciei oa na?icii-ai?eiei a?aeae?ey?iei. ?aioaaiieia?/ii niinoa??aaany ci?oaiee oei ?aci?aoe?? e?noeiai? oeaieie aeueaaiey?ieo a?ae?inoe?a, ?icniieooaaiiy i?aeei?aiaaeo ia?aoeiie, aeeaie? e?noeia? eeoai?, aiaieuaaee inoaiii?ic. I?e ?iciiae?eaii? oai?eo ii oyaeeino? caoai?thaaiiy ie aeyaeee, ui o /i?iiaeeueoe?a ae?aaiinoiaaii ia?aaaaeii na?aaei?e oa oyaeeee nooi?iue ia?iaeiioeoo. O 25% oai?eo ii?yae c ia?iaeiioeoii a?aei?/ai? caoai?thaaiiy yceeo, a?eaeia? noiiaoeoe, o?ii?/i? o??ueie a eoo? ?ioo, eaeeiieae?y. ?aoaeueia aea/aiiy aiaiiaco o iaoe??io?a, ui iino?aaeaeaee aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei? aaa???, aeicaieeei aeyaeoe a ieo iiiaeeiio iaoieia?th ??cieo i?aai?a oa nenoai, aea ia?oa i?noea caeiathoue oai?iae ia?aiai? nenoaie ni?eueii c ineo?/ieie ?iceaaeaie o aeaeyae? anoaii-iaa?ioe/ieeo ? aeai?aneaieo noai?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ineoi-aiioe?eiiai noaio o oeeo oai?eo na?ae/aoue i?i aenieee ??aaiue o?eaiaeiino?. Ia oeueiio oii? niinoa??aathoueny oyaee? caiaeueii-aeano?oeoeai? i?ioeane a ia?iaeiio?. I?e aea/aii? aeeniaina?ieo ea?o o 69% oai?eo iaie aeyaeai? caoai?thaaiiy iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo (a?o?eoe, inoaia?o?ice, inoaioiiae?ic). I?i aeeaie? ii?ooaiiy e?noeiai? oeaieie o /i?iiaeeueoe?a na?ae/aoue ciaeaeai? iaie ii?ooaiiy oinoi?ii-eaeueoe??aiai iai?io o aeaeyae? a?ia?eaeueoe??i?? oa a?iioinoaoai??. Iaie anoaiiaeaii a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy a e?ia? eiioeaio?aoe?? eaeueoe?th o 54% /i?iiaeeueoe?a a na?aaeiueiio ia 21,3% oa cieaeaiiy oinoi?o ia 10% o 18% oai?eo. Iaaooue, ii?ooaiiy iai?io eaeueoe?th oa oinoi?o, o?nii iia’ycaieo i?ae niaith, coiiaeai? ?iceaaeii ai?iiiaeueii? ?aaoeyoi?ii? nenoaie aiane?aeie iani?eyoeeaiai aieeao ?aae?aoe?eieo oa ia?aae?aoe?eieo oaeoi??a *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe. Oea e coiiaeth? aeo?ae eaeueoe?th c i?ia?ae?ciaaieo oeaiei, ui aaaea ca niaith ii?ooaiiy iai?io oinoi?o. ?iceaae oinoi?ii-eaeueoe??aiai iaoaaie?cio i?ecaiaeeoue aei aeano?oeoe??, inoaiii?ico uaeai, i?i ui na?ae/aoue iaea?aeai? iaie aeai? aoiinoaiiao???, aea cia/aiiy i?e oyaeeiio nooiai? ia?iaeiioeoo o aeine?aeaeoaaieo oai?eo aeinyaaee 20 ien ? a?eueoa. O 60% oai?eo /i?iiaeeueoe?a aeyaeai? ii?ooaiiy caoenieo nee i?aai?cio, eiai oyaeeee noai, i?i ui na?ae/aoue ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co aeaeo?ie?iaoe/ieo aeanoeainoae ee?oei aoeeaeueiiai ai?oae?th, aea e?euee?noue ee?oei c aeoeaieie yae?aie i?e na?aaeiueiio ? oyaeeiio nooiai? ia?iaeiioeoo aeinyaaea 7-8%, a oaeiae aiae?c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo ee?i?/ieo iieaciee?a e?ia?, ui na?ae/aoue i?i cieaeaiiy ?? oaaioeeoa?ii? yeino?. A?aoiaoth/e aea/ai? iaie iaoai?cie ?icaeoeo ia?iaeiioeoo i?e ae?? ia i?aai?ci ooeiaeaeoth/eo oaeoi??a (?aae?aoe?? oa no?ano) a noaio caaaeueiiai e?eoaaiiy *i?iiaeeuenueeeo oai?eo aaaaeai? i?aia?aoe, ui ?aaoeththoue i?ia?aeueiee iai?i, coieiythoue ?aci?aoe?th e?noeiai? oeaieie, noeioeththoue inoaiaaiac (inoaio?i, a?oai?i Ae2, o?oei), i?e?iaei? a?inoeioeyoi?e, aioeieneaeaioe (“A?io?eo-N”, aaeuecai “Oeioeia”). Aeei?enoaiiy inoaio?io oa aaeuecaio “Oeioeia” noaei i?eioeeiiai iiaei o e?eoaaii? oai?eo ia aaia?ae?ciaaiee ia?iaeiioeo. Aeey iineaaeaiiy no?aniai? neooaoe?? oai?ei i?ecia/aee i?aia?aoe a?iio, ionoe?ieeo, aaea??aie ? o.i. Oaeiae aeaaaee aeac?aee a?aeiinii i?io?eaeoe/iiai i?ioe?aae?aoe?eiiai oa?/oaaiiy. I?iaiaeeee i?noeaaa, o??o?a?/ia oa i?oiiaaee/ia e?eoaaiiy. Aeey ii??aiyeueii? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeo i?aia?ao?a o ii?ii?iaieo oai?eo, a?oia iaoe??io?a *i?iiaeeuenueeiai eiioeiaaioo aoea ?iciiae?eaia ia aea?: A ? A. A?oio A o neeaae? 28 /ieia?e e?eoaaee o?aaeeoe?eii, a?oio A (31 /ieia?e), canoiniaoth/e iia? caniae. Ni?anoaaeaiiy oa aiae?c ee?i?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue, eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee cia/io aoaeoeai?noue inoaio?io, a?io?eoo-N oa aaeuecaio “Oeioeia” a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? ia?iaeiioeoo o iino?aaeaeaeeo a?ae *i?iiaeeuenueei? aaa???, ui aeicaiey? nei?ioeoe oa?i?ie e?eoaaiiy, iie?aueoe caaaeueiee noai i?aai?cio, aeinyaoe ii?iae?caoe?? oinoi?ii-eaeueoe??aiai iai?io, i?aeaeueoe u?euei?noue e?noeiai? oeaieie uaeai, iie?ioeoe iieacieee i?noeaaiai noaoono oeaiei ia?iaeiioo. Oae, eiioeaio?aoe?y eaeueoe?th o oai?eo a?oie A a??ia?aeii cieceeanue i?ney e?eoaaiiy a na?aaeiueiio c 3,1 aei 2,6 iiieue/ e (a?. A – 3,4 iiieue/e). O iacaai?e a?oi? i?aeaeueany ??aaiue oinoi?o o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? a na?aaeiueiio c 1,19 aei 1,48 iiieue/e (a?. A - 1,19 iiieue/e). Iieacieee aoiinoaiiao??? o a?oi? A a??ia?aeii (?<0,05) ? cia/ii aoee e?aueie i?ney e?eoaaiiy o ii??aiyii? c ?ioeie a?oiaie. I?e eaaeiio nooiai? ia?iaeiioeoo aiie ciaioeeenue a na?aaeiueiio c 15 aei 14 ien i?e na?aaeiueiio – c 17 aei 15 ien, i?e oyaeeiio – c 19 aei 17 ien. C oeueiai aeieeaa?, ui oaea e?eoaaiiy iiia?aaeaeo? aeo?ae eaeueoe?th ?c i?ia?ae?ciaaieo oeaiei, ii?iae?co? iai?i oinoi?o, i?ioeae?? inoaiii?ico. Oaeei /eiii, aeai? iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue a?aee?eaathoue ua iaeio nooi?iue o i?ioean? aea/aiiy iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a ooeiaeaeaiiy ia?iaeiioo oa ?o ei?aeoe?? i?e ae?? ia i?aai?ci iani?eyoeeaeo oaeoi??a, oaeeo ye ?aae?aoe?y oa no?an. AENIIAEE 1.Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeiaaaeaii, ui oeaieie ia?iaeiioo ? aeniei/ooeeaeie aei ae?? ?aae?aoe?? a iaeeo aeicao oa no?ano, i?i ui na?ae/aoue ciaeaeai? a ieo ?aii? ii?oieia?/i? oa oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? ci?ie o aeaeyae? ii/aoeiaiai caiaeueiiai i?ioeano o yniao, ii?ooaiue i?iaia?iiy ai?oae?th, ??ceiai iaa?yeo i?oioiiae??e, ?icoiaeaeaiiy i?aeee?oeiieo eiioaeo?a, caiaeueii? ?io?eueo?aoe?? noaeeiieo no?iie oa noaeeiii? ?aaeoe?? e?noeiai? oeaieie i?aecoaieo aeueaaiey?ieo ia?aoeiie, ii/aoeii ooai?aiiy ia?iaeiioaeueieo eeoaiue. I?e oeueiio no?an iiaeeaeth? no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? ii?ooaiiy, iia’ycai? c ae??th ?aae?aoe??. 2.Caaaeueia ii?ii?iaiiy o iae?e aeic? o ii?aeiaii? c? no?anii aeeeeea? oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? ci?ie o N – ee?oeiao ueoiaeaeii? caeice (N – ee?oeie a?aeiia?aeathoue ?aiiueith (3-y aeiaa) ?aaeoe??th aeaa?aioeyoe??, yea noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iineeaiiyi nae?aoe?? eaeueoeeoii?io), ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy nenoaie ai?iiiaeueii? ?aaoeyoe?? iai?io eaeueoe?th. 3.?aiiueith ?aaeoe??th i?aai?cio ia ii?ii?iaiiy ? cieaeaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio, ii?ooaiiy oa?iaioaoeaii? aeoeaiino?, ci?ie o nenoai? e?ia?. I?e oeueiio no?an nooo?ai iiaeeo?eo? iane?aeee ae?? ?ii?coth/iai ii?ii?iaiiy o iaeeo aeicao ia i?aai?ci. Oe? ii?ooaiiy aca?iiiia’ycai? oa aca?iicoiiaeai? ? eaaeaoue a iniia? caiaeueii-aeano?oeoeaieo i?ioean?a o oeaieiao ia?iaeiioo. 4.Aaia?ae?ciaaiee ia?iaeiioeo a in?a, ui caciaee aieeao ?aae?aoe?eieo oa ineoi-aiioe?eieo oaeoi??a, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny a?eueo oyaeeei ia?aa?aii a?aeiinii aiaeia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue a in?a, ui ?o ia caciaee oa i?io?ea? ia oii? iiiaeeiii? ii?acee ??cieo i?aai?a oa nenoai. I?ia?aeio ?ieue o oeueiio caeiathoue aeyaeai? iaie ii?ooaiiy oinoi?ii-eaeueoe??aiai iai?io, cieaeaiiy caoenieo nee i?aai?cio, ?iceaaee ia?aiai? nenoaie. 5.O?ii?/ia no?aniaa neooaoe?y a oiiaao i?aeaeuaii? ?aae?iaeoeaiino? i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiyae ??ciiiai?oieo iaa?ioe/ieo oa ineo?/ieo ?iceaae?a a i?aai?ci?, ui a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue o aeieeiaii? oa i?ia?anoaaii? ia?iaeiioeoo. 6.Ia iniia? aeyaeaieo iaie iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a ooeiaeaeaiiy oeaiei ia?iaeiioo i?e ae?? ia i?aai?ci ?aae?aoe?? o iaeeo aeicao oa no?ano, iaie cai?iiiiiaai? ?ioiiei?eaoth/?, aioeieneaeaioi?, inoaio?iii? i?aia?aoe, ui ni?eythoue noaa?e?caoe?? i?ioeano o ia?iaeiio? oa ii?iae?caoe?? caaaeueiiai noaoono. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1.Eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia?iaeiioeoii, ui caciaee ae?? ?aae?aoe?eieo oa ineoi-aiioe?eieo oaeoi??a, iaiao?aeii iaia’yceiai i?iaiaeeoe c e?ea?yie-iaa?iiaoieiaaie, ?ioiieiaaie oa ?ioeie niaoe?ae?noaie c o?aooaaiiyi oiiiai? iaoieia??. 2.I?e aaia?ae?ciaaiiio ia?iaeiioeo? eaaeiai oa na?aaeiueiai nooiaiy iaiao?aeii i?iaiaeeoe i?ioe?aoeeaeeai? eo?ne e?eoaaiiy aeaa ?ace ia ??e, ca oyaeeiai nooiaiy – o?e-/ioe?e ?ace ia ??e. A eiiieaen caaaeueieo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a iio??aii aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a, ui iathoue ?ioiiei?eaoth/o, aioeieneaeaioo, naaeaoeaio aeoeai?noue. 3.Aeey caiia?aaiiy ?aci?aoe?? e?noeiai? oeaieie iieacaii i?ecia/aiiy inoaio?iiieo i?aia?ao?a, iae?i- oa i?e?iaeaiaio?a, ui caiia?aathoue iiaeaeueoiio inoaiii?ico oa ii?iae?cothoue iai?i iaea?eueo aaaiieo i?ia?aeueieo eiiiiiaio?a e?noee – eaeueoe?th oa oinoi?o. 4.I?e i?noeaaiio e?eoaaii? iniaeeao oaaao ne?ae i?eae?eyoe e?ea?aeaoe?? i?noeaaeo iiae?aceeaeo oaeoi??a: coaieo iaoa?oaaiue, iaoae?/ieo ieiia ? i?ioac?a, ui ciaoiaeyoueny a ii?iaeiei? ?ioa i?e ii?ii?iaii?. NIENIE Ae?OEIAAIEO I?AOeUe 1.I?eiaiaiea ianeyiiiai aaeuecaia “Oeiiaiee” a eeeieea oa?aiaaoe/aneie noiiaoieiaee / A.A. Ieeeoei, A.O.Eooeaaeye, A.A Aa?aeooa., Y.A. I?eaaeiaa // A?niee noiiaoieia??. – 1997. - ? 4. – N. 680-682. 2.Eciaiaiey oeueo?ano?oeoo?u yieoaeey aeaniu i?e aeeyiee eiiece?othuae ?aaeeaoeee a iaeie aeica e ineoieiae/aneiai no?anna / A.O.Eooeaaeye, I.I.Eoeaoiaa, A.I.Iaiiothe, A.A.Aa?aeooa // Iao. eiio. “A?noieia?y, ye iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee aacen i?aeaioiaee iaaee/ieo eaae??a”, i?enay/aii? 130 ??/ieoe? eaoaae?e a?noieia??, oeeoieia?? ? aia??ieia?? OAeIO. – Oa?e?a. – 1997 . – N.82-84. 3.Eooeaaeye A.O., Aa?aeooa A.A. Ii?oieiae/aneea eciaiaiey a ia?iaeiioa e?un i?e aicaeaenoaee ia i?aaieci ?aaeeaoeee a iaeuo aeicao // A?noiee i?iaeai a?ieia?? ? iaaeeoeeie. – 1998. - ? 18. – N.16-19. 4.Aa?aeooa A.A. Iaeioi?ua aeioeie/aneea iieacaoaee i?e ia?iaeiioeoa o noiiaoieiae/aneeo aieueiuo *a?iiaueueneiai eiioeiaaioa // A?niee i?iaeai a?ieia?? ? iaaeeoeeie. – 1998. - ? 21. – N.46-49. 5.Ooieoeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea eeaoie aoeeaeueiiai yieoaeey o noiiaoieiae/aneeo aieueiuo, iiaeaa?aoeony aeeyieth eiiece?othuae ?aaeeaoeee a ?acoeueoaoa aaa?ee ia *AYN / A.O. Eooeaaeye, A.A. Aa?aeooa, E.A. Aaeeai?y, A.O. Eaa?eiaiei, A.E. Noiaiee // Na. iao/. o?oaeia “Aii?inu yenia?eiaioaeueiie e eeeie/aneie noiiaoieiaee”, iinayu. 20-eaoeth noiiao. o-oa OAIO. – aui. 1. – Oa?ueeia, 1998. – N.34-36. 6.Eooeaaeye A.O., Aa?aeooa A.A. Iniaaiiinoe eeeieee aaia?aeeciaaiiiai ia?iaeiioeoa o aieueiuo, iiaeaa?aoeony aeeyieth iaaeaaii?eyoiuo oaeoi?ia *a?iiaueueneie eaoano?iou //Na. iao/. o?oaeia “Aii?inu yenia?eiaioaeueiie e eeeie/aneie noiiaoieiaee”, iinayu. 20-eaoeth noiiao. o-oa OAIO. – aui. 1. – Oa?ueeia, 1998. – N. 32-34. 7.Iiceoeaia ??oaiiy i?i aeaeaiiy iaoaioo ia aeiao?ae “Niin?a e?eoaaiiy aaia?ae?ciaaiiai ia?iaeiioeoo”/ Eooeaaeye A.O., Aa?aeooa A.A., Etha/aiei I.A. (Oe?a?ia) – ? cayaee 98084537; cayaeaii 21.08.98; aeaoa i?eei. ??oaiiy 24.02.99. 8.Eooeaaeye A.O., Aa?aeooa A.A. I?eiaiaiea inoaioeia a eiiieaeniii ea/aiee ia?iaeiioeoa o aieueiuo, iino?aaeaaoeo a ?acoeueoaoa *a?iiaueueneie eaoano?iou /Na. iao/i. o?oaeia “Aii?inu yenia?eiaioaeueiie e eeeie/aneie noiiaoieiaee”, iinayuaiiie 20-eaoeth noiiao. oaeoeueoaoa OAIO. – Aui. 2. – Oa?ueeia. – 1999. – N. 19-21.

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