.

Особливості перебігу інфаркту міокарда при використанні перфторану: Автореф. дис… канд. мед. наук / О.Г. Черкасова, Харк. держ. мед. ун-т. — Х., 199

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OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

*A?EANIAA Ieueaa A?eai??aia

OAeE 616.127-005.8-036.11-035-085.384:547.221

INIAEEAINO? IA?AA?AO ?IOA?EOO I?IEA?AeA I?E

AEEI?ENOAII? IAOOI?AIO

14.01.11 – ea?ae?ieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?ai?? oa aiaeie?eiieia??
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? Ia?oeaaa Oaoyia
Ieaen??aia,

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia
iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith
oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?ai?? oa aiaeie?eiieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani? Eaoiaoc ?aai E?iae?aoiae/, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee
oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith aioo??oi?o oai?ia, nii?oeaii? iaaeeoeeie ? EOE,

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Oonoaaeue Ieeiea Oaaei?iae/,
Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo oaeineiiaeaiiy e?ea??a, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith
ea?ae?ieia?? ? ooieoe?iiaeueii? ae?aaiinoeee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ea?ae?ieia?? ?iai? aeaaeai?ea
I.Ae.No?aaeanea, a?aeae?eaiiy ?aai?iaoe?? oa ?ioaineaii? oa?ai??, IIC
Oe?a?ie (i.Ee?a).

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 8 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 13-30 aiaeei?

ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.600.04 o Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (310022, i.Oa?e?a, i?.Eai?ia,4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (310022, i.Oa?e?a, i?.Eai?ia,4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “5” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeioeaio, e.i.i.
Ia/a?aiei E.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea (?I) ? iaei??th c iniiaieo i?e/ei
nia?oiino? oa ?iaae?aeecaoe?? iaoe??io?a ?c caoai?thaaiiyie
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (*acia A.E., 1992, Aic?aiia I.O.,1996). Ca
aeaieie aenia?o?a ?iai/i? a?oie ?a?iiaenueeiai oiaa?enoaa ea?ae?ieia?a
(Sans S., Keselot H. et al., 1998), nia?oi?noue a?ae ?I a Oe?a?i? cia/ii
aeua, i?ae a ?ioeo ?a?iiaenueeeo e?a?iao, ui iia??oo? caaaeueiee noai
caei?ia’y iaoe?? a oe?eiio ? i?eiineoue cia/i? aeiiii?/i? caeoee.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo aeaieo ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iaea?aeaieo ai?iaeiaae inoaii?o ?ie?a, aeicaieeei ?noioii cieceoe
e?ea?iyio eaoaeuei?noue ? iie?aueoe i?iaiic i?e oeueiio caoai?thaaii?
(Aioiiaiei E.I. ? ni?aaao., 1995; Iaea E.O., Aeeeoi ss.A., 1995). Iaeiae
iiooe iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei e?eoaaiiy ?I caeeoa?oueny aeooaeueiith
i?iaeaiith.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui iniiaiith aeaoa?i?iaioith nia?oiino? a?ae ?ioa?eoo
neoaeeoue ?ici?? ooeiaeaeaiiai i?iea?aea, ui e iaoiiaeei ?ic?iaeo
iaoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia eiai caoeno oeyoii ciaioaiiy niiaeeaaiiy iei
eenith, aai ae a?aeiiaeaiiy ia?ooc?? a ?oai?ciaaieo
oeaieiao(Braunwald E., 1988; Yusuf S.,1987). Inue /iio iiyaa i?aia?aoa,
caeaoiiai iie?aueoe aeinoaaeo eenith aei i?iea?aeo ? aiaeii/an cieceoe
iio?aao a iueiio, aeeeeeaea ?ioa?an. Oea iaaaiiaeia?iiaee ia?aiiniee
eenith – ia?ooi?ai, 10 ia.% noai?e?iiia aioeuen?y ia iniia?
ia?ooi?aoaeaoeaaeo niieoe ?c aacio?ainii?oiith ooieoe??th (Ai?iaueaa
N.E., 1997), ui aea? i?eioeeiiai iiao iiaeeea?noue i?ae?eoe aei i?iaeaie
e?ea?aeaoe?? a?iien??, ye iaeiiai c iaoio?c?ieia?/ieo iaoai?ci?a
oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo iaiai?ioieo ci?i a i?iea?ae?.

Iaaeeei-a?ieia?/ia canoinoaaiiy ia?ooi?aoaeaoeaaeo aioeuen?e
aecia/a?oueny ?o caeaoi?noth aei aacio?ainii?oo (Eaaieoeeee A.?. e
niaao., 1993, 1995), yea iaoiiaeaia, ii-ia?oa, aaciina?aaei?i
o?ainii?oii eenith oa aoaeaeeneiai aaco i?iii?oe?eii aei ia?aiaaeo ?o
iai?oaeaiiy, ii-ae?oaa, iineeaiiyi iioie?a aac?a aiane?aeie c?inoaiiy ?o
ianiia?aiino i?ae a?eo?ioeeoaie ? oeaieiaie (Ai?iaueaa N.E., e niaao.,
1989, Eaaiia E.I., 1987, Eneaiia A.E, 1991, Aieoaaa A.I., 1993);
ii-o?ao?, ooai?aiiyi aeiaeaoeiai? ?ieino? aeey eenith a ieaci?
(aeaiioa?a) (Eociaoeiaa E.I., 1993, 1997). Ia i?aenoaa? ia?aeiieeaeo
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue(Eneaiia A.E. e niaao., 1987, 1991),
aoei aeiaaaeaii caeaoi?noue ia?ooi?aoaeaoe?a caaaeyee nai?i iaeei
?ici??ai (0,1iei) i?ioiaeeoe eai?ey?e, iai?io?aei? aeey a?eo?ioeeo?a
/a?ac iaa?ye oeaiei, niaci i?aeai?ey?ieo no?ieoa??a, caeoii?eo eai?ey??a
a?iiene/ieie a?eo?ioeeoaie. E??i oiai, a aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?iaioao
(Ai?iaueaa N.E., Iaaaneee A.E. 1989, Eneaiia A.E., 1991) a?aecia/aii
ca?eueoaiiy ei?iia?iiai e?iaiia?ao aiane?aeie cieaeaiiy a’yceino? e?ia?,
yea aeinoia??ii ciaioo?oueny aaciina?aaeiuei i?ney oaaaeaiiy ia?ooi?aio.

C?inoaiiy i?iieeiino? ee?oeiieo iaia?ai i?e ?oai?? – iaeei c iniiaieo,
eiee ia ae??oaeueiee oaeoi?, ui iineeth? iioeiaeaeaiiy ee?oei. Aaaaeaiiy
ia?ooi?aoaeaoeaaeo aioeuen?e noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny oei/aniaei iaeiie/aiiyi
i?i?iaeueieo ?o e?eueeinoae a na?eiieaciaoe/ieo iaia?aiao
ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a, iiaeeo?eoth/e iaia?aie ee?oei, oei naiei ciaiooth/e
?oai?/i? ? ?aia?ooc?ei? iioeiaeaeaiiy i?iea?aea (Forman M.B. et al.,
1992).

Oaeei /eiii, ?aeay i?i aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy ia?ooi?aio i?e
?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiiyo i?iea?aea (Aaeiy?oeaa O.O., 1980) ao?ethaaeany
caeaa?eueoiai a aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?iaioao (Eaaeeeia TH.A. e niaao.,
1991, 1992). A ie?aieo ?iaioao ii eiai aeei?enoaiith i?e ?I a ee?i?oe?
iieacaii ni?eyoeeaee aieea ia oeaio?aeueio aaiiaeeiai?eo, ciaioaiiy
?eceeo o?iiaiooai?aiiy ? iie?ioaiiy ?aieia?? e?ia? (Aeeaa I.I. e niaao.,
1997). I?ioa oea niinoa?aaeaiiy ia aea? iiaii? oyae i?i aieea ia?ooi?aio
ia ?ici??e ina?aaeeo iae?ico, iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao ?I a
?aiiueiio ? a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iaeao, ui e niiioeaei ian i?iaanoe aeaia
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aoea
aeeiiaia ye o?aaiaio ieaiiai? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe “?ic?iaeoe
oaoiieia?th aeei?enoaiiy iaaaiiaeia?iiaiai ia?aiinieea eenith –
ia?ooi?aio – i?e e?eoe/ieo noaiao a oiiaao aenia?eiaioo ? ee?i?ee”
(?a?no?aoe?eiee oeo? aeiaiai?o ii IIC Oe?a?ie OeO 406).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa ?iaioe – iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe
iiaeeea?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaaaiiaeia?iiaiai
ia?aiinieea eenith – ia?ooi?aio – a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai?? aino?iai
ia??iaeo ?ioa?eoo i?iea?aea oeyoii ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy a
iaeaeeae/iio ? a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iaeao.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe aoee iinoaaeai? oae? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1.Aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao ?ioa?eoo i?iea?aea i?ney
aeei?enoaiiy ia?ooi?aio.

2.Ioe?ieoe aaee/eio ciie iae?ico ? aecia/eoe aeeiai?eo a?iaeaeo?e/ieo
ci?i a i?iea?ae? o oai?eo ia ?ioa?eo i?iea?aea a i?ioean? eiiieaeniiai
e?eoaaiiy ?c canoinoaaiiyi ia?ooi?aio ? aac iueiai.

3.C’ynoaaoe aeeiai?eo iieaciee?a neiiaoi-aae?aiaeiai?,
a?noai?ii?aaeoeaii? oa na?ioii?ia?a?/ii? nenoai o oai?eo ia ?ioa?eo
i?iea?aea a i?ioean? o?aaeeoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy ? ia oe? aeei?enoaiiy
ia?ooi?aio.

4.Aea/eoe noai nei?ioii? caeaoiino? i?iea?aea o oai?eo ia ?ioa?eo
i?iea?aea i?ney i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi ia?ooi?aio ? aac
iueiai.

5.I?iaanoe ?ao?iniaeoeaia niinoa?aaeaiiy oai?eo, ui ia?aianee ?ioa?eo
i?iea?aea, i?ney ??cieo aa??aio?a ii/aoeiai? oa?ai??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. O aeeiiai?e ?iaio? aia?oa a ee?i?oe? o oai?eo ia
?I a eiiieaen? ?ioaineaii? oa?ai?? aino?iai ia??iaeo aeei?enoaiee
iaaaiiaeia?iiaee ia?aiiniee eenith ia?ooi?ai. Aea/aii iniaeeaino?
ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao ?I i?ney aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?aoo. Ia i?aenoaa?
aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee aeaeo?io?c?ieia?/ieo iieaciee?a aeiaaaeaia
caeaoi?noue i?aia?aoo iaiaaeoaaoe i?iaiiciaaio ciio iae?ico. C’yniaaiee
iaoai?ci ni?eyoeeaiai aoaeoo, coiiaeaiiai caeaoi?noth ia?ooi?aio
ciaiooaaoe ?oai?th a ia?e?ioa?eoi?e cii? ? caaaeyee oeueiio ni?eyoe
caa?aaeaiith a?eueoi? e?eueeino? aeeoo?caeaoieo ea?ae?ii?ioeeo?a.
Aeyaeaii ciaioaiiy /enea ai?ciae?a o?aiceoi?ii? ?oai?? i?iea?aea ?
oeoii/eiaeo aeno?anenoie, a oiio /ene? a?oiiaeo ? aenieeo a?aaeaoe?e
(oeio R/T), o iaoe??io?a, ui iaea?aeaee ia?ooi?ai a eiiieaen?
?ioaineaii? oa?ai??. Iieacaii ciaioaiiy ii?ooaiiy ? i?enei?aiiy
aeeth/aiiy eiiiainaoi?ieo iiaeeeainoae neiiaoi-aae?aiaeiai?,
a?noai?ii?aaeoeaii? ? na?ioii?ia?a?/ii? nenoai i?e aeei?enoaii?
ia?ooi?aio. Anoaiiaeaiee ni?eyoeeaee aieea ?iooc?? ia?ooi?aio ia
iaeaeeae/? ? a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Cai?iiiiiaaia noaia eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? aino?iai ia??iaeo ?I c
aeei?enoaiiyi iaeii?aciai? ?iooc?? ia?ooi?aio a noia?i?e aeic? 4-5 ie/ea
aaae o?ea ni?eyea ciaioaiith ae?aaeaiino? aieueiaiai neiae?iio ia
ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy, ui iiaea aooe iiyniaia ciaioaiiyi ??aiy a?iienai?? ?
oeaieiii? a?iien??. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aea/aiiyi aeeiai?ee
iieaciee?a aac?a e?ia? ? eeneioii-iniiaiiai noaio. Aeiaaaeaii, ui
aeeth/aiiy ia?ooi?aio a eiiieaen ?ioaineaii? oa?ai?? ?I aaaea aei
ciaioaiiy ?ici???a e?ioeaai? ciie iae?ico, yea neeaea a oe?e a?oi?
oai?eo 17,4% o ii??aiyii? c 21% o a?oi?, ui eiai ia iaea?aeaea. I?e
oeueiio ia’?i caa?aaeaiiai i?iea?aea a ia?oiio aeiaaeeo noaiiaea 27%, a
a ae?oaiio – 12,5%. C’yniaaii, ui i?e aeei?enoaii? ia?ooi?aio a
eiiieaen? ?ioaineaii? oa?ai?? aino?iai ia??iaeo ?I oaeaeoa ? a?eueo
iiaii a?aeaoaa?oueny a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?? i?iea?aea, ui aaaea aei
iaioi? ae?aaeaiino? oyaeeino? na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino? ye a ?aiiueiio,
oae ? o a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iaeao. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o oai?eo, ui io?eiaee
ia?ooi?ai, oaeaeoa a?aeiiaeth?oueny aei o?c?ieia?/iiai ??aiy
ooieoe?iioaaiiy no?an-e?i?ooth/i? nenoaie i?e e?auiio caa?aaeaii? ??
?aca?a?a. Oea aea? i?aenoaao aaaaeaoe a?eueo aeioe?eueiei oi?ioaaiiy
aaeaioaoe?? o oe??? eaoaai??? oai?eo. Aecia/aii a?eueo iiaia
a?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? o oai?eo, ui io?eiaee ia?ooi?ai a
eiiieaen? ?ioaineaii? oa?ai??, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ? a?eueoith
/anoioith iiaa?iaiiy ?o aei i?aoe?.

I?eeiyoa noaia ?ioaineaii? oa?ai?? c iaeii?aciaei aaaaeaiiyi ia?ooi?aio
iie?aueea ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy oai?eo a iaeaeeae/iio oa ?o noai o
a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iaeao ?I. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? a
i?aeoeeo ?iaioe ?ioa?eoiiai ? ?aai?iaoe?eiiai a?aeae?eaiue EI OIAe
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianueea. Aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?aoo a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai??
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iie?auaiiyi naiiii/oooy oai?eo a ?aiiueiio
iino?ioa?eoiiio ia??iae? caaaeyee ciaioaiith i?iya?a aieueiaiai
neiae?iio oa e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a e?eoaaiiy, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
ciaioaiiyi i?iya?a na?oeaai? iaaeinoaoiino?. ?ic?aooiie aaee/eie
e?ioeaai? ciie iae?ico ca aeaieie AEA ? aecia/aiiy e?eueeino?
aacaieueiaeo ai?ciae?a ?oai?? i?iea?aea ca aeaieie oieoa??anueeiai
iii?oi?oaaiiy aeicaiey? nai?/anii ei?eaoaaoe oa?ai?th ? ciaioo? no?iee
ia?aaoaaiiy a ?ioa?eoiiio a?aeae?eaii?. A iaa/aeueiee i?ioean
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ai?iaaaeaeai? aeai?
i?i aeiiiaiaiiy aei cania?a e?eoaaiiy ?I oa aeiaeaoeia? iiaeeeaino?
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? i?iaaaeaii? oa?ai?? ca aeaieie AEA, oieoa??anueeiai
iii?oi?oaaiiy AEA, aecia/aiiy aeiaiai? aene?aoe?? eaoaoieai?i?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi i?iaiae?ciaaia iaoeiaa
e?oa?aoo?a ca ia?aiith oaiaoeeith, i?iaaaeaiee ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe.
Naiino?eii i?iaaaeaii ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo ca?aeii c i?ia?aiith
aeine?aeaeaiiy ia an?o eiai aoaiao. Ia?aeiia ? noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, iiaoaeiaa iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae i?ioean?a
caniaaie aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee, ui ?aae?coaaeeny noaiaea?oieie
iaeaoaie i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co STADIA 4.0 ?
STATISTICA FOR WINDOWS 5.0, aeeiiai? aaoi?ii iniaenoi. Naiino?eii
i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c iaea?aeaieo aeaieo, noi?ioeueiaai? aeniiaee oa
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ui aeo?eathoue c ?acoeueoao?a aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia IX ? O i?aeia?iaeieo neiiic?oiao ii
aea/aiith ia?ooi?aoaeaoeaaeo niieo/aiue a iaaeeoeei? ? a?ieia??
“Perfluorocarbon-96 oa -98” (Ioueii, ?in?y, 1996,1998), VI Eiioa?aioe??
na?oiai? Oaaea?aoe?? Oe?a?inueeeo e?ea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa (Iaeana, 1996),
II Iaoe?iiaeueiiio Eiia?an? aianoac?ieia?a Oe?a?ie (Oa?e?a, 1996),
can?aeaiiyo iaeanieo iaoeiaeo oiaa?enoa oa?aiaao?a (1997),
aianoac?ieia?a-?aai?iaoieia?a (1995, 1997) i.Aei?i?iiao?ianueea.
Ai?iaaoe?y aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoeanue 16 aeiaoiy 1998 ?ieo ia ?icoe?aiiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?ai?? oa aiaeie?eiieia??
Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 14 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o (3 c
ieo – a oeaio?aeueieo aeo?iaeao). 5 ?ia?o i?aeaioiaeai? naiino?eii, 9 –
o ni?aaaoi?noa?.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y iaienaia a o?aaeeoe?eiiio noee? ?
neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, 6 ?icae?e?a aeanieo
niinoa?aaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.
Iaoa??ae aeeeaaeaii ia 175 noi??ieao, ?ethno?iaaii 29 oaaeeoeyie ? 33
?enoieaie, ui noaiiaeoue 31 noi??ieo. A?ae?ia?ao?y aeeth/a? 146 ?ia?o
a?o/eciyieo ? 82 – ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a, ui neeaaea? 29 noi??iie.

INIIAIA *ANOEIA

Ee?i?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea oai?eo. Ianoaaeaii 82 oai?eo c ia?oei ?I,
/ieia?e?a, a?eii a?ae 38 aei 60 ?ie?a, ui iaae?eoee i?ioyaii ia?oeo 6
aiaeei a?ae ii/aoeo aieueiaiai i?enooio ? ciaoiaeeeenue ia e?eoaaii? o
a?aeae?eaii? ?aai?iaoe?? oa ?ioa?eoiiio a?aeae?eaii? EI OIAe
i.Aei?i?iiao?ianueea. Ae?aaiic ?I anoaiiaethaaany ia i?aenoaa?
e?eoa???a, cai?iiiiiaaieo aenia?oaie AIIC (1989) ? aeeth/aa oeiiao
ee?i?/io ea?oeio, ci?ie AEA a aeeiai?oe?, ??aaiue iieaciee?a aeoeaiino?
ea?ae?iniaoeeo?/ieo oa?iaio?a.

A caeaaeiino? a?ae ii/aoeiai? oa?ai?? an? oai?? aoee iiae?eai? ia aea?
a?oie. 60 oai?eo (I a?oia), na?aaei?e a?e – 54,71,9 ?ie?a, iaea?aeoaaee
o?aaeeoe?eio oa?ai?th (?iooc?y i?o?iae?oea?eio, -aeieaoi?e,
aeacaa?aaaioe, i?o?aoe i?ieiiaiaaii? ae??), a 22 – II a?oia, na?aaei?e
a?e – 55,21,3 ?ie?a, ia i?ioyc? ia?oi? aeiae ia?aaoaaiiy a noaoe?iia??
iaeii?aciai io?eiaee ia?ooi?ai (oa?iaoeaaoe/ia o??ia “Ia?ooi?ai”,
?in?y).

Iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy ?iooc?? ia?ooi?aio. I?aia?ao aaiaeeee iaeii?aciai,
a caaaeuei?e aeic? 4-5 ie/ea iane o?ea, aioo??oiueiaaiii e?aiaeueii.
I?ney i?iaaaeaiiy a?ieia?/ii? i?iae ii/eiaee aaaaeaiiy c 5 e?aiaeue ca
oaeeeio (1oa.), i?ney /iai ?iaeee ia?a?ao 2-3 oaeeeie, i?iaeiaaeoaaee
?iooc?th ?c oaeaee?noth 10 e?ai/oa (1 oa.), ciiao ?iaeee ia?a?ao 2-3
oaeeeie. I?e a?aenooiino? ?aaeoe?? ia?aoiaeeee ia aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo ?c
oaeaee?noth 30-35 e?aiaeue ca oaeeeio. Na?aaeiy caaaeueia aeica
i?aia?aoo noaiiaeea 400 ie. Na?aaeiy o?eaae?noue ?iooc?? 8 aiaeei.

A iiaeaeueoiio oa?ai?y a iaio a?oiao oai?eo aoea iaeiaeiaith.

Oyaee?noue noaio oai?eo a a?oiao i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii? o a?aeiia?aeiino? c
eeaneo?eaoe??th T. Killip, J. Kimball (1967) ia ?ic??ciyeany: a ia?o?e
a?oi? o 34 (56,7%) oai?eo noai aoa ?icoe?iaiee ye I eean oyaeeino? ca
E?ee?iii ? o 26 (43,3%) ye E?ee?i II, a ae?oa?e – a?aeiia?aeii 12
(54,5%) ? 10 (45,5%). O an?o oai?eo a iiaeaeueoiio ?icaeioany Q-?I,
eieae?caoe?y yeiai i?ae a?oiaie nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciyeanue.

I?ae /an ia?aaoaaiiy a noaoe?iia?? a ia?o?e a?oi? oai?eo aia?ee 6 in?a –
1 a?ae ?ic?eao i?iea?aea, 2 – i?e iciaeao ea?ae?iaaiiiai oieo, 3 –
iaa?yeo eaaaiue. A a?oi? oai?eo, ye? iaea?aeaee ia?ooi?ai, iiia?ee 2
oai?eo – iaeei a ia?oo aeiao i?e iciaeao i?ia?anoth/iai iaa?yeo eaaaiue,
iaeei – ia 4 aeiao ia?aaoaaiiy a noaoe?iia?? a?ae ?ic?eao i?iea?aea.

Niinoa?aaeaiiy o?eaaei ??e, i?ney /iai aoei ianoaaeaii 45 oai?eo ? a?oie
? 18 – ??. A?oio eiio?ieth neeaee 40 i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo /ieia?e?a,
aiaeia?/ieo ca a?eii.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?aoaeueii aea/aany ee?i?/iee ia?aa?a ?I c
aiae?cii aeaieo i?i ae?aaeai?noue ? ?ioaineai?noue aieueiaiai neiae?iio,
iciaee iaaeinoaoiino? e?iaiia?ao (IE). I?iaiaeeeinue aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeoeaiino? ea?ae?iniaoeeo?/ieo oa?iaio?a – e?aaoeie?iace (EE),
ania?oaoai?iio?ainoa?ace (ANO) ia 1-5 aeiao caoai?thaaiiy. C iaoith
aea/aiiy eeniaai-o?ainii?oii? ooieoe?? e?ia? aecia/aee ?I2, ?NI2, ?I,
AA, SatO2 o aaiici?e ? a?oa??aeuei?e e?ia? ia aia?ao? AVL-620
(“Radiometr”, Aeai?y) i?e iaaeoiaeaeaii?, iai?ee?ioe? 1 aeiae, 3, 5, 7,
10 aeiao.

Aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a neiiaoi-aae?aiaeiai? nenoaie (NAN) aea/aeany ca
??aiai aeae?eaiiy c na/ath a?iaaiieo ai?i?a, ?o iiia?aaeiee?a ?
iaoaaie?o?a: aae?aiae?io (A), ii?aae?aiae?io (IA), aeioai?io –
oethi?iiao?e/iei iaoiaeii Iaoe?ii? A.O., Eenaeueiai? C.I.;
aai?e?e-ieaaeaeaai? eeneioe (AIE) – ca iaoiaeii Iaiueoeeiaa A.A. ?
Aieueoaeiai? O.Ae. (1973) c aeei?enoaiiyi iecueeiaieueoiiai
aeaeo?ioi?aco ia iaia??. ??aaiue aeiaiai? aene?aoe?? a?noeae?io,
a?noai?io (A), na?ioii?io (N) aecia/aee iaoiaeii Aa?aneiiai? Oe. ?.
(1977) ii ?aaeoe?? c i?oiooae??aei aeueaeaa?aeii; 5-iene?iaeieioeaoiai?
eeneioe – niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iei iaoiaeii. Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia 1,
3, 5, 7, 14 aeiao caoai?thaaiiy.

Caien AEA i?iaiaeeee uiaeiy ia i?ioyc? ia?oeo 7 aei?a, a ianooiiiio –
?ac ia oeaeaeaiue. Aeey aecia/aiiy i?iaiiciaaii? iane iae?ico (III)
aeei?enoaee noaiaea?oiee AEA-iaoiae Aldrich H. R. (1988). Aeey
aecia/aiiy e?ioeaai? iane iae?ico (EII) i?iea?aea aiae?coaaeeny AEA,
caienai? ia 10-e aeaiue caoai?thaaiiy: a 10 a?aeaaaeaiiyo AEA (I, II,
III, aVF, V1-6) ioe?ithaaeeny 54 e?eoa??? ca ?o ni?iiiaei?noth
a?aeaeaaoe ?ici?? ?I (Selvester R. H., 1985). I?iaiaeeee aeiaiaa
iii?oi?oaaiiy (AeI) AEA ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeno “Eaioa-IO-I” c
aeei?enoaiiyi aeaio a?iiey?ieo a?aeaaaeaiue, aea aiae?coaaee ?oai?/i?
ci?ie AEA (ca aeeiai?eith naaiaioo ST ? coaoey O), a oaeiae ?eoi
na?oeaai? ae?yeueiino?.

An?i oai?ei ia?aae aeieneith aoei i?iaaaeaii aoiea?ae?ia?ao?/ia (Aoi-EA)
ianoaaeaiiy ia naeoi?aeueiiio aeaioi??iiio aoiea?ae?ia?ao? “Ultramark-9”
(ATL, NOA) a I-, A-, aeiiea?-, eieuei?iaee aeiiea? ?aaeeiao ca
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie. I?e oeueiio aea/aee naaiaioa?i?
ii?ooaiiy nei?ioiino?, oa iieacieee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue nei?ioio
ni?iiiaei?noue i?iea?aea (e?ioeaaee ae?anoie?/iee ia’?i – EAeI,
e?ioeaaee nenoie?/iee ia’?i – ENI, oaea?iee ia’?i – OI, o?aeoe?th
aeeeaeo – OA, nooi?iue ia?aaeiuei-caaeiueiai oei?i/aiiy – DeltaS).
Ii?ooaiiy nenoie?/ii? ooieoe?? anoaiiaethaaee ca aaee/eiith OA (i?e
OA45%), a ae?anoie?/ii? – ca oa?aeoa?ii o?aini?o?aeueiiai e?iaioieo.

I?e ?ao?iniaeoeaiiio ianoaaeaii? aecia/aee iayai?noue noaiiea?ae??
iai?oaeaiiy oa ?? ooieoe?iiaeueiee eean (OE), ae?aaeai?noue IE, noai
i?iea?aea e?aiai oeoii/ea (EO) ca aeaieie Aoi-EA, /anoioo iiaoi?ieo ?I
? aini?oae?caoe?e ca ieioeee ??e, caeaoi?noue iiaa?iooenue aei i?aoe?.

Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aoei ia?iaeaii iaoiaeaie aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee,
ui ?aae?coaaeeny noaiaea?oieie iaeaoaie i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai
noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co STADIA 4.0 ? STATISTICA FOR WINDOWS 5.0 ia
ia?niiaeueiiio eiii’thoa?? IBM Pentium-166 MMX i?ae oi?aae?iiyi
iia?aoe?eii? nenoaie MS DOS 7.10 a na?aaeiaeu? Windows 95 OSR 2.
I?iaaaeaii aaaaoii??iee ei?aeyoe?eiee ? ?aa?aneaiee aiae?ce c
aecia/aiiyi e?eoa??th iaeii??aeiino? aeey ia?ieo aei???a.

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

I?e i?iaaaeaii? ee?i?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy a ia?oo aeiao ?I a?eue
a?aecia/aany o a?eueoino? oai?eo iaio a?oi: o 93,4% – ? a?oie ? o?eueee
o 73,7% – ?? (?0,05). O 4 oai?eo ia?oi?
a?oie aeyaeai? ai?ciaee o?eueee aieueiai? ?oai??, o 4 niinoa??aaeiny
ii?aeiaiiy aieueiaeo ? aacaieueiaeo ai?ciae?a, o?eueee aacaieueiaa
?oai?y i?iea?aea ca?a?no?iaaia o 2. A a?oi? oai?eo, yeei ai?iaeiaae
ia?oi? aeiae aoea i?iaaaeaia ?iooc?y ia?ooi?aio, aoee ca?a?no?iaai?
ai?ciaee o?eueee o?aiceoi?ii? aacaieueiai? ?oai?? i?iea?aea. A??ia?aeii?
??cieoe? a iioe?aiino? ai?ciae?a ieio/i? ?oai?? i?iea?aea i?ae a?oiaie
ia a?aecia/aii, i?ioa iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i iaio ae?aaeaiee aieueiaee
neiae?ii a a?oi? oai?eo, ui iaea?aeaee ia?ooi?ai (oaae.1). Noia?ia
aeiaiaa o?eaae?noue ?oai?? i?iea?aea a ia?o?e a?oi? aeyaeeanue iaeaea
ao?e/? a?eueoith, i?ae a ae?oa?e (?

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