2

Aeaaeai?y iaaee/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie

?inoeooo ooec?ao??? ? ioeueiiiieia?? ?i. O. A. ssiianueeiai

Aaoeiiaa Eaoa?eia TH???aia

OAeE 616.248:616.233-002-036.12:616.839.6:159.9-052

INIAEEAINO? IA?ANEIIAOE*II? ?AAOEssOe?? ? INEOIEIA?*IIAI NOAIO O OAI?EO
IA A?IIO?AEUeIO ANOIO OA O?II?*IEE IANO?OEOEAIEE A?IIO?O

14.01.27 — ioeueiiiieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??
IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ia?oeaaa Oaoyia
Ieaen??aia, caa?aeoth/a eaoaae?ith oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?ai?? oa
aiaeie?eiieia?? Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? IIC
Oe?a?ie.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aecthaeee Ieaenaiae? ss?ineaaiae/, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eaiiyi oaoiieia?e e?eoaaiiy ICE ?inoeoooo ooec?ao???
? ioeueiiiieia?? ?i. O.A. ssiianueeiai AII Oe?a?ie

Na?ioeeoeueeee Aiaoie?e Noai?neaaiae/, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith aini?oaeueii? oa?ai?? ?2 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

E?einueeee ?anioae?eainueeee IAe? o?ce/ieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy oa
iaaee/ii? ee?iaoieia?? ?i. ?.I. Na/aiiaa IIC Oe?a?ie, caaaeueiiee?i?/ia
a?aeae?eaiiy (i. sseoa)

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny «29» aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo ia «11»
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.552.01 i?e
?inoeooo? ooec?ao??? ? ioeueiiiieia?? ?i. O.A. ssiianueeiai AII Oe?a?ie
ca aae?anith: 252110, Ee?a, INI-680, oca?c I?ioan?a ss?, 7.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo ooec?ao???
? ioeueiiiieia?? ?i. O.A. ssiianueeiai (Ee?a, oca?c I?ioan?a ss?, 7).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «25 na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? AE.
A. Aaaioe?aa

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

5

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaeiei c iaeaieiai?oeo ieoaiue no/anii?
ioeueiiiieia?? caeeoa?oueny c?inoaiiy caoai?thaaiino? oa nia?oiino? a?ae
o?ii?/ieo iano?oeoeaieo caoai?thaaiue eaaaiue (OICE) oa a?iio?aeueii?
anoie (AA). Ca aeaieie AIC oe? oai?iae iin?aeathoue 4-a i?noea na?aae
aieiaieo i?e/ei nia?o? (1995). A inoaii? aeanyoe??//y caoai?thaai?noue
OICE i?aeaeueeanue ia 42 %, AA — ia 60 %, a o. /. ? a Oe?a?i? oeae
iieaciee ca?eueoeany a 1,6 ?ace (Oauaiei TH.E., 1997, Iaeay E.O. n
niaao., 1996). Ia aeieth o?ii?/iiai iano?oeoeaiiai a?iio?oo (OIA) oa AA
i?eiaaea? 45,7 % aeiaaee?a ?iaae?aeiino? a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?
ianiaoeeo?/ieo caoai?thaaiue eaaaiue (*o/aeei A.A., 1997). I?e oeueiio a
?icaeoeo AA oa o?ii?/iiai iano?oeoeaiiai a?iio?oo (OIA) ana a?eueoiai
cia/aiiy iaaeathoue aeoeaiiio othothiiiae?iith (Oaaeinaaa A.A., 1996,
Roland M.A., 1995, Repine J., 1997).

Iacaaaeath/e ia neioac iiaeo e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a, ooiaeaiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy a aaeoc? iaoiaaiaco caoai?thaaiue, aei oeueiai /ano ia
aaea?oueny aeinyaoe aaaeaiiai eiio?ieth iaae AA oa OIA. Oiio aaaaoi
no/anieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?enay/aii iiaeaeueoiio aea/aiith oe??? i?iaeaie
(Oauaiei TH.?, 1997, ssoeia E.I., 1997, Aecthaeee I.ss., 1997, Iinoiaee
TH.I., 1998, *o/aeei A.A., 1998, Ia?oeaaa O.I., 1998).

Na?aae ia?ioiieia?/ieo iaoai?ci?a ?icaeoeo a?iioiiano?oeoe?? iniiaia
i?noea iaeaaeeoue ii?ooaiiyi ?aaoeyoe?? oiiono a?iio?a c aieo
aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie (AIN), cie?aia ?? ia?aneiiaoe/iiai
a?aeae?eo (ssuaiei E.A.,1987, Aaiaeoeeee A.A., Ia/aoieeia E.E., 1989,
Iinoiaee TH.I., 1995, Eieinia A.I., *a?aiiia A.N, 1995, Aa?ineiia A.I.,
1997). Iniaeeao oe?eaa?noue aeeeeea? eiiieaenia ioe?iea ??cieo ??ai?a
ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? o oai?eo ia AA oa OIA.

A inoaii? ?iee iianthaeii i?aeaeueany ?ioa?an aei ineoieia?/iiai noaoono
oai?eo ia OIA oa AA. Aeinoia??ii anoaiiaeaii, ui ineoieia?/i?
iniaeeaino? ethaeeie nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia ia?aa?a oa oyaee?noue oeeo
caoai?thaaiue. A oie aea /an oai?iaa cia/iith i??ith o?ainoi?io?
ineoiaiioe?eiee noai iaoe??io?a (Eoeaeia TH.A., 1989, Ineiiaa I.I.,
1990, Nieieia A.A., 1995, Aa?acei O.A., 1997).

I?e aiae?c? iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e aeyaeaii aeoaea iaei ?ia?o, ui
a?aeia?aaeathoue aca?iica’ycie i?ae oie?ia?a?/iith aeenooieoe??th oa
iieacieeaie ineoieia?/iiai noaoono i?e OIA oa AA. Oe?eaaei ? oaeiae
aea/aiiy aieeao aeoeaiiai othothiiiae?iiy ia ia?aiao?e ia?aneiiaoe/iiai
oiiono oa ineoieia?/iee noai o oai?eo c neiae?iiii a?iioiiano?oeoe??.
I?iaeaia noai?aiiy eiiieaenieo ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo i?ia?ai e?eoaaiiy AA oa
OIA, ye? ii?aeiothoue o nia? ia?niiaeueii i?ae?a?aio iaaeeeaiaioicio
oa?ai?th c ?aoe?iiaeueiith ineoioa?ai??th, oaeiae ia ae??oaia inoaoi/ii.

Ana aeuacacia/aia na?ae/eoue i?i aeooaeuei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue o oe?e aaeoc?, ui aecia/eei oaio oa caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

?iaioa aeeiiaia ye o?aaiaio ieaiiai? iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeueei? oaie
«Aecia/aiiy iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiue a?iioi-eaaaiaai? nenoaie
(o?ii?/iiai a?iio?oo, a?iio?aeueii? anoie, iiaaiii??) o a?eiaiio aniaeo?
oa ?ic?iaea noai eiiieaenii? i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy» (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0199V002120, oeo? ?I.09.99)

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy — i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy a?iio?aeueii?
anoie oa o?ii?/iiai iano?oeoeaiiai a?iio?oo oeyoii ?ic?iaee
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?o oa?ai?? ia
iniia? eiiieaenii? oa?aeoa?enoeee iniaeeainoae ia?aneiiaoe/ii?
?aaoeyoe?? oa ineoieia?/iiai noaio oai?eo.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy

1. Aea/eoe iniaeeaino? oie?ia?a?/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? a?iio?aeueii?
i?io?aeiino? o oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio oa o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee
a?iio?o.

2. Aeine?aeeoe ineoieia?/iee noai oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio oa
o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o.

3. Aea/eoe aieea o?eaaeiai othothiiiae?iiy ia noai ia?aneiiaoe/ii?
?aaoeyoe?? oa ineoieia?/iee noaoon oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio oa
o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o.

4. ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?ecia/aiiy oa?ai?? oai?ei c
neiae?iiii a?iioiiano?oeoe??.

5. Ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue eiiieaenii? ?aoe?iiaeueii? ineoioa?ai?? o
e?eoaaii? a?iio?aeueii? anoie oa o?ii?/iiai iano?oeoeaiiai a?iio?oo, a
oaeiae o i?iaaaeaii? aioeothothiiaeo caoiae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. Aia?oa i?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia ioe?iea noaio ??cieo ??ai?a
ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? o?aoaia?iio?aeueiiai aea?aaa o oai?eo ia
a?iio?aeueio anoio oa o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o
oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o ii?ooaiiy on?o eaiie
ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? i?ia?anothoue caeaaeii a?ae oyaeeino?
caoai?thaaiiy. A oie aea /an i?e oyaeeiio ia?aa?ao a?iio?aeueii? anoie a
iaoiaaiac? a?iioiiano?oeoe?? a?eueoa cia/aiiy iathoue ?io? iaoai?cie.

2. O oai?eo c neiae?iiii a?iioiiano?oeoe?? aecia/ai? iaea?eueo
?ioi?iaoeai? iieacieee ineoiaiioe?eiiai noaio — ??aaiue aaaaoaoeaii?
eaa?eueiino?, aeai?an?? oa neooaoeaii? o?eaiaeiino?. Aeyaeaii, ui i?e
o?ii?/iiio iano?oeoeaiiio a?iio?o? a?eueoa ae?aaeai? ci?ie aaaaoaoeaii?
eaa?eueiino? oa ??aiy aeai?an??, a oie /an ye i?e a?iio?aeuei?e anoi?
niinoa??aa?oueny aeniea neooaoeaia oa iniaeno?nia o?eaiaei?noue.

3. Anoaiiaeaiee o?niee aca?iica’ycie i?ae ci?iaie oie?ia?a?/ii?
?aaoeyoe?? oa ineoieia?/iei noaiii o oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio oa
o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o. aia?oa aecia/aii, ui ??aaiue
oie?ianoa?ace ye ?ioaa?aoeaiee iieaciee ia?aneiiaoe/iiai oiiono
neeuei?oa ei?aeth? c? ci?iaie ineoieia?/iiai noaoono o ii??aiyii? c
iieacieeaie noaio ia?eoa?e/ieo I-oie?ii?aoeaioi??a.

4. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui ?aaoey?ia iae?iiy iineeth? ?iceaaee
oie?ia?a?/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? o oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio oa o?ii?/iee
iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o, iniaeeai ni?eyth/e iioeiaeaeaiith ia?eoa?e/ieo
I-oie?ii?aoeaioi??a. I?e oeueiio ??aaiue a?aaeaiiy a?iio?a caeaaeeoue
a?ae o?eaaeino? iae?iiy. Aeoeaia othothiiiae?iiy cia/iith i??ith ni?ey?
i?ia?anoaaiith ci?i ineoieia?/iiai noaoono ye o oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio
anoio oa o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o, oae ? o in?a aac ee?i?/ieo
iciae a?iioiiano?oeoe??.

5. A?aecia/aii, ui ci?ie iieaciee?a ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy oa
oie?ia?a?/ia a?ia??aaeoeai?noue a?iio?a aeieeathoue o eo?oe?a caaeiaai
aei ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a a?iioiiano?oeoe??. Cia/i? ci?ie o a?iioao e?oiiiai
eae?a?o o eo?oe?a aeicaieeee ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ieoo?ao ianyaiao oaeaee?noue
ia ??ai? 75% aeeoo?ai? ?ieino? eaaaiue (IIO75) ye iaea?eueo ia’?eoeaiee
oa aeinoia??iee iieaciee i?e ne?ei?iaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo oeeo in?a.

6. anoaiiaeaii, ui i?iaaaeaiiy ?iaaeyoe?eii? i?iae c oie?iie?oeeii
Ao?iaaioii, a oaeiae aea/aiiy ineoieia?/iiai noaoono o oai?eo ia
a?iio?aeueio anoio oa o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o aeicaiey?
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii i?ae?eoe aei e?eoaaiiy oeeo caoai?thaaiue.

7. O ?iaio? i?iaeaiiino?iaaia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? oa a?oiiai? ineoioa?ai?? o iie?ioaii? ooieoe??
ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy (OCAe), ii?iae?caoe?? noaio ia?aneiiaoe/ii?
ia?aiai? nenoaie oa ineoieia?/iiai noaoono o oai?eo c neiae?iiii
a?iioiiano?oeoe??. Ie??i oiai, anoaiiaeaia ?acoeueoaoeai?noue
ineoioa?ai?? o ca?eueiaii? a?ae i?eioeiiai? caeaaeiino?. Oea aeicaieeei
?icaeyaeaoe ?aoe?iiaeueio ineoiei?aeoe?th ye iaiao?aeiee eiiiiiaio i?e
e?eoaaii? a?iio?aeueii? anoie oa o?ii?/iiai iano?oeoeaiiai a?iio?oo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a

1. O oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio oa o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o
aecia/aia ?ieue ci?i o ia?aneiiaoe/iiio a?aeae?e? AIN a caeaaeiino? a?ae
oyaeeino? ia?aa?ao, iicieia?? oa iayaiino? aeoeaiiai othothiiiae?iiy, ui
aeicaieeei aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii i?ae?eoe aei i?ecia/aiiy oie?iie?oee?a o
aeaiiai eiioeiaaioo oai?eo.

2. Aeiaaaeaia aeioe?euei?noue aea/aiiy ineoieia?/iiai noaoono oai?eo c
neiae?iiii a?iioiiano?oeoe?? aeey iioei?caoe?? e?eoaaiiy AA oa OIA.

3. Anoaiiaeaii, ui IIO75 iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaiee i?e ioe?ioe? OCAe o
eo?oe?a, ui aeicaieeei ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aea/aiiy oeueiai iieacieea i?e
ne?ei?iaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaii i?iaaaeaiiy iaaeeeaiaioicieo ?iaaeyoe?eieo i?ia oa
aea/aiiy ineoieia?/iiai noaoono oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio oa
o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o aeey aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo aei
e?eoaaiiy a?iioiiano?oeoeaiiai neiae?iio.

5. ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeeth/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? oa a?oiiai? ineoioa?ai??
aei eiiieaeno e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a i?e a?iio?aeuei?e anoi? oa
o?ii?/iiio iano?oeoeaiiio a?iio?o?, ui i?ecaaei aei nei?i/aiiy oa?i?i?a
e?eoaaiiy, iiaeiaaeaiiy ia??iaeo ?ai?n??, cieaeaiiy niiaeeaaiiy
e?eoaaeueieo i?aia?ao?a, i?aeaeuaiiy o?ce/ii? aeoeaiino? ? iie?ioaiiy
yeino? aeeooy oai?eo. Aeiaaaeaia aoaeoeai?noue ineoioa?ai?? ye iaeiiai
?c cania?a, ye? aeiiiiaaathoue eo?oeyi ca?eueieoeny a?ae i?eioeiiai?
caeaaeiino?.

Iniaenoee aianie. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? naiino?eiei iaoeiaei
aeine?aeaeaiiyi. Aaoi? naiino?eii ?ic?iaeea i?ia?aio, aecia/eea iaoo oa
caaaeaiiy, canai?ea iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy, cae?enieea iaa??
oaiaoe/ieo oai?eo oa in?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a, noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea iaoa??aeo, ioi?ieaiiy aaoi?aoa?aoo oa
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe oaeiae aeeiiai? aaoi?ii naiino?eii.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo nooaeaio?a
oa iieiaeeo o/aieo Aei?i?iiao?ianueei? aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
(Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, ea?oaiue 1996 ?., o?aaaiue 1997 ?.); neiiic?oi?
«»O?ii?/ii iano?oeoeaii caoai?thaaiiy eaaaiue o ethaeae iioeeiai oa
noa?a/iai aieo» (Ee?a, o?aaaiue 1997 ?.); I?aeia?iaeiiio eiia?an?
«Aea?aieia?y oa ee?i?/ia ?ioiieia?y» (Aoaeaiaoo, na?iaiue 1997 ?.),
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo eaoaae?e oaeoeueoaonueei? oa?ai?? oa
aiaeie?eiieia?? AeAeIA (1996,1998 ?.)

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 16 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, o
oiio /ene? 4 noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 12 oac iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e, c’?cae?a oa eiia?an?a.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? ia
146 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, a 16 oaaeeoeyo, ?ethno?iaai? 20
iaethieaie. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 6 ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.
Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e aeeth/a? 189 aeaea?ae (115 a?o/eciyieo oa
74 ?iicaiieo).

IAOA??AEE OA IAOIAeE AeINE?AeAEAIIss

?iaioa a?oioo?oueny ia ?acoeueoaoao niinoa?aaeaiiy 174 in?a a?eii a?ae
21 aei 69 ?ie?a c na?aaei?i a?eii (50,3 + 1,6) ?ie?a, na?aae yeeo aoei
82 /ieia?ee oa 92 ae?iee; 103 oai?eo ia AA c na?aaeiueith o?eaae?noth
caoai?thaaiiy (14,0 + 2,2) ?ie?a oa 46 oai?eo ia OIA c na?aaeiueith
o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy (8,9 + 1,7) ?ie?a. Ae?aaiic AA
anoaiiaethaaany ca I?aeia?iaeiith oaiaeith c ae?aaiinoeee oa e?eoaaiiy
a?iio?aeueii? anoie (1995). a?aoiaoaaany oaeiae oa?aeoa? ia?aa?ao
caoai?thaaiiy ca?aeii c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie ?inoeoooo ooec?ao??? ?
ioeueiiiieia?? ?i. O.A. ssiianueeiai (Oauaiei TH.?., 1997). I?e
anoaiiaeaii? ae?aaiico OIA a?aeanue aei oaaae oa?aeoa?ia ee?i?ea
caoai?thaaiiy, aiaiiac, aeai? aeiiii?aeieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ioe?iea
oyaeeino? noaio oai?eo ia OIA cae?enithaaeanue c o?aooaaiiyi aaee/eie
IOA1 ca ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie ?a?iiaenueeiai ?ani??aoi?iiai oiaa?enoaa.
Ia?aeiiee iaeyae iaoe??io?a i?iaiaeeany o oac? caaino?aiiy AA oa OIA.
An? ianoaaeai? aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia oae? a?oie:

· 70 iaoe??io?a ye? ia iaeeee oa no?aaeaeaee ia AA, oa?eoee aei 1-?
a?oie (a?oia 1A — na?aaeiueioyaeeee, 1A — oyaeeee ia?aa?a);

· 33 oai?eo ia aa, ye? iino?eii iaeyoue, neeaee 2-o a?oio (2A —
na?aaeiueioyaeeee, 2A — oyaeeee ia?aa?a);

· 24 iniae c ae?aaiicii OIA, ye? i?eiee ia iaeeee, aoee aeeth/ai? aei
3-i? a?oie (3A — na?aaeiueioyaeeee, 3A — oyaeeee ia?aa?a);

· 22 oai?eo ia OIA, ye? iino?eii iaeyoue, neeaee 4-o a?oio (4A —
na?aaeiueioyaeeee, 4A — oyaeeee ia?aa?a);

· 5-a a?oia neeaeanue ?c 25 in?a, ye? iaee ?ecee ?icaeoeo OIA aai AA
/a?ac iino?eia aeoeaia othothiiiae?iiy, aea aac ee?i?/ieo iciae
a?iioiiano?oeoe??;

· aei 6-? a?oie (a?oia eiio?ieth) aoei aeeth/aii 20 in?a, ye? i?eiee ia
iaeeee ? a ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiy ee?i?/ieo oa
eaai?aoi?ii-?ino?oiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeciai? caei?iaeie.

I?iaaaeaia eiiieaenia ee?i?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy on?o oai?eo ?c
canoinoaaiiyi caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo o ioeueiiiieia?/i?e i?aeoeoe?
o?ceeaeueieo oa eaai?aoi?ii-?ino?oiaioaeueieo cania?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Iieacieee ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy (OCAe) aea/aee ia aia?ao?
«Microspiro I?-198» (ssiii?y). I?e aecia/aii? nooiaiy oa oi?ie
aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino? (?ano?eeoeaia, iano?oeoeaia, ci?oaia)
ei?enooaaeenue ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie ?c noaiaea?oecaoe?? oano?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy eaaaiaai? ooieoe?? ECCs (1993).

sse ?ioaa?aoeaiee iieaciee caaaeueiiai noaio ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai?
nenoaie a on?o iaoe??io?a aeine?aeaeoaaee ??aaiue oie?ianoa?ace
a?eo?ioeeo?a ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiicii? e?ia? ca iaoiaeeeith A.A. Eiea oa
A.N. Eaieoieeiaa (1982). oaeiae i?iaiaeeee ?iaaeyoe?ei? i?iae c
Ao?iaaioii oa iaoaoie?iii.

Ineoieia?/iee noaoon oai?eo ioe?ithaaee ca ??aiai aaaaoaoeaii?
eaa?eueiino?, aeai?an??, neooaoeaii? oa iniaeno?nii? o?eaiaeiino?.
Ae?aaeai?noue aeai?an?? aecia/aee ca oeaeith Y. Zung (1965), ??aaiue
neooaoeaii? oa iniaeno?nii? o?eaiaeiino? — ca iaoiaeeeith Ch.D.
Spilberger (1972), aaaaoaoeaio eaa?euei?noue — ca oeaeith VELA,
cai?iiiiiaaiith I. Fahenberg o 1965 ?ioe?.

C iaoith iie?ioaiiy yeino? e?eoaaiiy AA oa OIA a?oi? oai?eo ii?yae c
o?aaeeoe?eiith oa?ai??th i?iaiaeeeanue ?iaeea?aeoaeueia (?aoe?iiaeueia
ineoioa?ai?y, aooio?ai?ia) oa a?oiiaa (aooio?ai?ia, a?iiinoaano?y)
ineoieia?/ia ei?aeoe?y. Aoaeoeai?noue i?iaaaeaii? oa?ai?? ioe?ithaaeanue
ca aeeiai?eith iieaciee?a OCAe, ia?aneiiaoe/iiai oiiono oa
ineoieia?/iiai noaoono /a?ac 6 oa 12 i?nyoe?a a?ae ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy.

Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo io?eiaiiai iaoa??aeo i?iaiaeeee ia ia?niiaeueiiio
eiii’thoa?? c i?ioeani?ii Pentium133 ca aeiiiiiaith i?ia?aie Microsoft
Exel 7.0 ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee
(A.I. Ia?eia, 1969).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIIss OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

1. Noai ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie o oai?eo ia AA oa OIA

Aeey ioe?iee caaaeueiiai ia?aneiiaoe/iiai oiiono aoa aeine?aeaeaiee
??aaiue oie?ianoa?ace a?eo?ioeeo?a ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiicii? e?ia?. O
a?eueoino? oai?eo ia AA oa OIA a?aecia/aeinue a??ia?aeia cieaeaiiy
oeueiai iieacieea o ii??aiyii? c iaeiaioei cia/aiiyi a?oie eiio?ieth (40
iiieue/aiae*aei3). Iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue in?a (88,9 %) ?c cieaeaiei
??aiai oie?ianoa?ace aoea o a?oi? oai?eo c oyaeeei OIA, ye? iaeyoue.
Aaee/eia na?aaeiueiai ??aiy oie?ianoa?ace a on?o a?oiao oai?eo ia AA oa
OIA aoea cieaeaiith oa a??ia?aeii (? 0,001) a?ae??ciyeanue a?ae oaeiai
o a?oi? eiio?ieth. I?e oeueiio iaeieae/ee iieaciee — (7,2 + 0,9)
iiieue/aiae*aei3- aoa oaeiae aeyaeaiee o a?oi? oai?eo c oyaeeei OIA, ye?
iaeyoue.

I?e OIA a?aaeai?noue ii?ooaiiy ia?aneiiaoe/iiai oiiono ei?aethaaea c
oyaee?noth caoai?thaaiiy (? 0,05). I?e ii??aiyii? cia/aiue
oie?ianoa?ace ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiicii? e?ia? o oai?eo, ui iaeyoue oa ia
iaeyoue, c iaeiaeiaei nooiaiai oyaeeino? anoaiiaeaii, ui, iacaeaaeii
a?ae iicieia??, o eo?oe?a oeae iieaciee aoa ieae/ei (? 0,001).

O a?oi? eo?oe?a aac iciae a?iioiiano?oeoe?? a??ia?aeia cieaeaiiy ??aiy
oie?ianoa?ace o ii??aiyii? c iaeieae/ei iieacieeii o a?oi? eiio?ieth
a?aecia/aeinue o 54 % ianoaaeaieo. Na?aaei?e iieaciee o eo?oe?a oi/ ?
ciaoiaeeany ia ieaei?e iaae? ii?ie — (39,1 + 2,3) iiieue/aiae*aei3, aea
cia/ii (? 0,001) a?ae??ciyany a?ae oaeiai o a?oi? eiio?ieth — (61,9 +
4,3) iiieue/aiae*aei3

Aeey ioe?iee noaio ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? a?iio?aeueiiai aea?aaa
aea/ai? aeo?aei? iieacieee OCAe. Iaea?eueo ae?aaeaieie aeyaeeeny ci?ie
ia?aiao??a OCAe o a?oiao eo?oe?a c oyaeeei ia?aa?aii AA oa OIA. Io?eiai?
aeai? aeicaieythoue i?eionoeoe, ui i?e o?eaaeiio (a?eueoa 5 ?ie?a)
othothiiiae?ii? a?eueo cia/eii ci?iththoueny PEF, IIO25 oa IIO75.

Aea/aiee aca?iica’ycie i?ae cia/aiiyie AE?E, PEF, IIO25, IIO75 oa
o?eaae?noth iae?iiy o oai?eo ia AA oa OIA. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oe?
iieacieee OCAe iathoue oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy ?c ca?eueoaiiyi noaaeo
iae?iiy iacaeaaeii a?ae iicieia??. Aeyaeaiee aenieee ei?aeyoe?eiee
iaaaoeaiee aca?iica’ycie i?ae o?eaae?noth iae?iiy oa aeeiai?eith
iieaciee?a AE?E (rAA= -0,95, rOIA= -0,98) oa PEF (rAA= -0,98, rOIA=
-0,97). Cieaeaiiy IIO25 aoei a?eueo aeeiai?/iei o oai?eo ia AA (rAA=
-0,94, rOIA= -0,87). IIO75 ci?ithaaany a caeaaeiino? a?ae o?eaaeino?
iae?iiy iaioith i??ith, i?ae ?io? iieacieee o iaio a?oiao. O ca’yceo c
oeei iiaeeeaa i?eiouaiiy, ui ??aaiue o?aaeaiiy a?iioieaaaiaaiai aia?aoo
i?e iaeiio noaae? iae?iiy — i?ieneiaeuei? a?aeae?ee a?iio?a, a i?e
o?eaaeiio iae?ii? – ae??ai? a?iioe. I?e oeueiio iiaeeeaee ?icaeoie
nii/aoeo iano?oeoeaiiai, a iio?i ci?oaiiai aai ?ano?eeoeaiiai oeio
aeeoaeueii? iaaeinoaoiino? o oai?eo ia AA oa OIA, ye? iaeyoue.

Aeey aea/aiiy noaio ia?eoa?e/ieo I-oie?ii?aoeaioi??a o oai?eo ia AA oa
OIA aeei?enoiaoaaeanue i?iaa c ianiaoeeo?/iei I-oie?iie?oeeii
Ao?iaaioii. sse iieacaee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?iaaeyoe?y Ao?iaaioo
aoea iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith o a?oi? oai?eo ?c na?aaeiuei oyaeeei OIA, ye?
iaeyoue, aea iiceoeaia i?iaa a?aecia/aeanue o 92 % oai?eo.

Aeeiai?ea aeayeeo iieaciee?a OCAe i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy i?iae c Ao?iaaioii
i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en. 1.

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040000002701ffff03000000000000000000

?en. 1. Aeeiai?ea iieaciee?a OCAe i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy i?iae c Ao?iaaioii

sse aeaeii c ?en. 1, o oai?eo ia OIA a?aecia/aany a??ia?aeii a?eueoee (?
0,05) i?e??no cia/aiue IIO50 oa IIO75 o ii??aiyii? c iniaaie, ui
no?aaeaeathoue ia AA. Iacaeaaeii a?ae iicieia??, e?aua aeeiai?ea
a?eueoino? iieaciee?a niinoa??aaeanue o a?oiao ?c na?aaeiueioyaeeei
ia?aa?aii caoai?thaaiiy, i?e oeueiio aeey IOA1, IIO50, IIO75 oe?
a?aei?ie aoee a??ia?aeieie ye i?e AA (? 0,05), oae ? i?e OIA (? 0,02).
O eo?oe?a a?aeiia?aeue ia ?iaaeyoe?th Ao?iaaioo cia/eii ia?aaeuoaaea
iieacieee o a?oiao oeo, ui ia iaeyoue. A??ia?aeiith (? 0,05) i?e AA
aoea ??cieoey a aeeiai?oe? IOA1 oa IIO75, a i?e OIA ua e IIN50. Ca?aeii
c io?eiaieie ?acoeueoaoaie, iaa?oioiaaia i?eiouaiiy i?i aieea Ao?iaaioo
ia?aaaaeii ia a?iioe e?oiiiai oa na?aaeiueiai eae?a?o.

I?e ei?aeyoe?eiiio aiae?c? ??aiy oie?ianoa?ace ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiicii?
e?ia? oa iieaciee?a aeeiai?ee IOA1 i?ney i?iae c Ao?iaaioii anoaiiaeaiee
a??ia?aeiee iaaaoeaiee aca?iica’ycie (r=-0,64) i?ae aaee/eiaie, ye?
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue. Oea aeicaiey? canoinoaaoe a ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe?
?iaaeyoe?eio i?iao c I-oie?iii?iaoeeii Ao?iaaioii aeey ioe?iee noaio
ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? o oai?eo c a?iioiiano?oeoeaiei neiae?iiii.

Aeey ioe?iee niaoeeo?/ii? a?ia?/ooeeaino? oa a?ia??aaeoeaiino?
a?iioieaaaiaaiai aia?aoo, yeee a?aeia?aaea? noai ia?eoa?e/ii? eaiee
ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, o 5-e oa 6-e a?oiao niinoa?aaeaiiy
aoea i?iaaaeaia ?iaaeyoe?eia i?iaa c iaoaoie?iii. Niaoeeo?/ia
oie?ia?a?/ia a?ia?/ooeea?noue aoea aeyaeaia o 60 % eo?oe?a (o a?oi?
eiio?ieth — 10 %), i?e/iio iaea?eueo /anoi ci?ithaaeenue iieacieee Iio75
(72 %) oa IOA1 (68 %). Ii?iaiaa aeica aeey iieaciee?a, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue OCAe o a?oi? eiio?ieth, neeaaeaea a?ae 8 aei 16 ia/ni3,
ui a 2-4 ?ace ia?aaeuoaaei oaeo o in?a, ye? iaeyoue. Oaeei /eiii,
aeyaeaia ae?aaeaia oie?ia?a?/ia a?ia?/ooeea?noue o eo?oe?a o ii??aiyii?
?c caei?iaeie ethaeueie, ye? ia iaeyoue.

Iaea?eueo aeeiai?/iei oa ?ioi?iaoeaiei o a?oi? eo?oe?a aeyaeany iieaciee
i?io?aeiino? a?iio?a e?oiiiai eae?a?o. Cieaeaiiy Iio75 niinoa??aaeinue
?ai?oa ca ?io? (ii?iaiaa aeica 2 ia/ni3) ? nooi?iue cieaeaiiy aoa
iaea?eueo ae?aaeaiei, ui aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aei??thaaiiy iieacieea
IIO75 ye iaea?eueo ia’?eoeaiiai i?e ne?ei?iaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo OCAe.

O a?oi? eo?oe?a niaoeeo?/ia a?ia??aaeoeai?noue a?aecia/aeanue o 65 %
aeiaaee?a, i?e/iio na?aaeiy aeica, yea aeeeeea? 30 %-ia cieaeaiiy IIO75,
neeaaeaea 8 ia/ni3. O a?oi? eiio?ieth oie?ia?a?/ia a?ia??aaeoeai?noue
a?aecia/aeanue eeoa o 15% ianoaaeaieo i?e a?aeiia?aei?e aeic? iiiaae 16
ia/ni3. O in?a, ye? uiaeaiii iaeyoue, eoo iaoeeo e?eai?
«aeica-a?aeiia?aeue» aei??aithaaa (45 + 2,5), a oie /an ye o a?oi?
eiio?ieth a?i o na?aaeiueiio neeaaeaa (29 + 1,9), oiaoi ??cieoey i?ae
oeeie cia/aiiyie aoea a??ia?aeiith (? 0,001). Oiio i?eiouaiiy uiaei
aenieiai ?eceeo ?icaeoeo o eo?oe?a a?iioiiano?oeoe??, aeeeeeaii?
?iceaaeaie o ia?eoa?e/ieo eaieao ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie
aeineoue iaa?oioiaaia.

2. Ineoieia?/iee noai oai?eo ia AA oa OIA

Iaeiei ?c iai?yie?a aeeiiaii? ?iaioe aoei aea/aiiy ineoieia?/iiai
noaoono oai?eo ia AA oa OIA. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaaaeai? ia
?en. 2.

I?e ioe?ioe? oanoo VELA anoaiiaeaii, ui na?aaei? iieacieee a on?o a?oiao
oai?eo a??ia?aeii a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae eiio?ieueieo (? 0,001). A?eueo
aenie? cia/aiiy aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino? aoee ca?a?no?iaai? i?e
oyaeeiio a ii??aiyii? c na?aaeiueioyaeeei ia?aa?aii caoai?thaaiue. sse
i?e AA (? 0,001), oae ? i?e OIA (? 0,01) oe? a?aei?ie aoee
a??ia?aeieie, ca aeeeth/aiiyi eo?oe?a c ae?aaiicii OIA, aea ? aoa 0,05
. O oeo, ui iaeyoue, iacaeaaeii a?ae iicieia??, o ii??aiyii? c eo?oeyie,
oaeiae niinoa??aaeenue aeinoia??ii (? 0,01) aeu? iieacieee (e??i oai?eo
c oyaeeith AA, aea ? 0,05). A oe?eiio aeey oai?eo ia OIA aoa
oa?aeoa?iei a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino?, i?ae aeey
iaoe??io?a c AA. O a?oi? eo?oe?a aac ee?i?/ieo iciae a?iioiiano?oeoe??
a?aeoeeaiiy a?ae ii?iaeueieo iieaciee?a a?aecia/aeenue o 64 %
ianoaaeaieo. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino? o ieo aoee
aeinoia??ii (? 0,001) aeueie o ii??aiyii? c a?oiith eiio?ieth.

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1402ac006c01050000001302ac0073010500000014029a00a9010500000013029600a901
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1402ba005100050000001302bc005100050000001402bc004e00050000001302bc005500
05000000140291008b0005000000130295008b0005000000140295008800050000001302
95008f000500000014029000c5000500000013029400c5000500000014029400c2000500
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1402d3003401050000001302d3003b01050000001402af006f01050000001302b2006f01
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9d00a9010500000014029d00a6010500000013029d00ad010500000014027d00e3010500
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1b02050000001302c5001b02050000001402c5001802050000001302c5001f0205000000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?en. 2. Iieacieee ineoieia?/iiai noaoono a a?oiao ianoaaeaiiy

Na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/i? cia/aiiy ??aiy aeai?an?? o a?oiao oai?eo ia AA oa
OIA aoee aeinoia??ii aeueie (? 0,001) o ii??aiyii? c a?oiith eiio?ieth.
I?e aiae?c? iaea?aeaieo aeaieo anoaiiaeai? aeu? (? 0,01) iieacieee
aeai?an?? o oai?eo, ye? iaeyoue, o ii??aiyii? c iaoe??ioaie, ui ia
iaeyoue, iacaeaaeii a?ae iicieia??. Oaeei /eiii, iae?iiy ca?eueooaaei
ae?aaeai?noue aeai?an?? ye i?e AA, oae ? i?e OIA. ?nioaaea oaeiae
oaiaeaioe?y aei i?ia?anoaaiiy aeai?an?? c iineeaiiyi oyaeeino?
caoai?thaaiue. O oai?eo ia OIA aeai?an?y aoea a?eueo ae?aaeaiith o
ii??aiyii? c a?aeiia?aeieie a?oiaie oai?eo ia AA.

Na?aaeiueinoaoenoe/i? cia/aiiy ??aiy iniaeno?nii? o?eaiaeiino? i?e
oyaeeeo AA oa OIA aoee a??ia?aeii aeueie, i?ae i?e na?aaeiueioyaeeiio
ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiue. Oea oaa?aeaeaiiy aoei a??iei ye o a?aeiioaii?
a?oi oai?eo, ui ia iaeyoue (? 0,001), oae ? eo?oe?a (? 0,01). ??cieoey
i?ae iieacieeaie, ui aea/aeenue, o a?oiao eo?oe?a ? oai?eo, ui ia
iaeyoue, oaeiae aeyaeeanue noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??iith (? 0,05). Cia/ieie
aoee e a?aei?iiino? (? 0,05) i?ae oeie, ui iaeyoue ? ia iaeyoue, aac
iciae a?iioiiano?oeoe??. O oai?eo ia AA iniaeno?nia o?eaiaei?noue aoea
aeuith, i?ae o a?aeiia?aeieo a?oiao c OIA. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy neooaoeaii?
o?eaiaeiino? aoee aeinoia??ii (? 0,01) aeueie o iaoe??io?a c oyaeeei
ia?aa?aii AA oa OIA. O a?oiao oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio anoaiiaeai?
a??ia?aeii (? 0,05) a?eueo aenie? cia/aiiy neooaoeaii? o?eaiaeiino? o
eo?oe?a o ii??aiyii? c oeie, ui ia iaeyoue. Aeinoia??i? (? 0,01)
a?aei?iiino? i?ae iaoe??ioaie c AA oa OIA aeyaeai? ye na?aae oai?eo, ui
iaeyoue, oae ? oeo, ui ia iaeyoue.

C iaoith aiae?co aaaaoi??aiaaiai ineoieia?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy i?e AA oa
OIA aoea aea/aia ei?aeyoe?y i?ae ci?iaie ineoieia?/iiai noaio e
iieacieeaie ia?aneiiaoe/ii? aeoeaiino? o a?oiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?e
ni?anoaaeaii? ??aiy oie?ianoa?ace a?eo?ioeeo?a ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiicii?
e?ia? c iieacieeaie ineoieia?/iiai noaio o ianoaaeaieo in?a anoaiiaeaii
aenieee iaaaoeaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca’ycie ?c cia/aiiyi aaaaoaoeaii?
eaa?eueiino? (r=-0,91, ? 0,001) oa aeai?an?? (r=-0,85, ? 0,001).
Aeyaeaii oaeiae na?aaeiuei ae?aaeaiee cai?ioiee aca?iica’ycie iieaciee?a
oie?ianoa?ace c ??aiai neooaoeaii? o?eaiaeiino? (r=-0,63, ? 0,05) oa
iaaeinoia??iee neaaeee iaaaoeaiee aca?iica’ycie c ??aiai iniaeno?nii?
o?eaiaeiino? (r=-0,31, ? 0,05).

Oaeei /eiii, o oiae? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui o
oai?eo ia AA oa OIA ineoieia?/iee noai cia/ii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
caei?iaeo in?a. Iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaiei o aea/aii? ineoiaiioe?eiiai
noaio oai?eo c neiae?iiii a?iioiiano?oeoe?? ? iieacieee aaaaoaoeaii?
eaa?eueiino?, aeai?an?? oa neooaoeaii? o?eaiaeiino?. Ineoiaiioe?ei?
?iceaaee ca?eueoothoueny i?e i?aeaeuaii? nooiaiy oyaeeino? AA oa OIA.
Iae?iiy cia/iith i??ith ni?ey? i?ia?anoaaiith ci?i ineoieia?/iiai
noaoono ye o oai?eo ia AA ? OIA, oae ? o in?a aac ee?i?/ieo iciae
a?iioiiano?oeoe??. Ci?ie aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino? oa ??aiy aeai?an??
a?eueoa ae?aaeai? o oai?eo ia OIA, o oie /an ye i?e AA niinoa??aa?oueny
a?eueo aeniea neooaoeaia oa iniaeno?nia o?eaiaei?noue. ??aaiue
aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino? oa aeai?an?? aeniei ei?aeth? c ?iceaaeaie
ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe??, ui aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeeth/aiiy
?aoe?iiaeueii? ineoioa?ai?? aei eiiieaeno e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a i?e AA
oa OIA.

3. Ee?i?/ia aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ineoioa?ai?? a e?eoaaii?

AA oa OIA

C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? e?eoaaiiy a?oi? iaoe??io?a ii?yae c
o?aaeeoe?eiith oa?ai??th i?ecia/aeanue ?iaeea?aeoaeueia (?aoe?iiaeueia
ineoioa?ai?y, aooio?ai?ia) oa a?oiiaa (aooio?ai?ia, a?iiinoaano?y)
ineoieia?/ia ei?aeoe?y.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui o i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy, iacaeaaeii a?ae iicieia?? oa aeaeo
oa?ai??, an? iieacieee OCAe iaee oaiaeaioe?th aei iie?ioaiiy. Iaeiae o
oai?eo ia AA oa OIA, ye? io?eioaaee o?aaeeoe?eio oa?ai?th, /a?ac 1
i?nyoeue i?ney ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy noaoenoe/ii cia/eii (? 0,05)
i?aeaeueany a?aeiia?aeii MMEF ? IiO50, ci?ie ae ?aooe iieaciee?a ia aoee
aeinoia??ieie. A oie aea /an o oai?eo ia AA oa OIA, ye? oaeiae i?ieoee
eo?n ineoioa?ai??, oaea /a?ac i?nyoeue aoa io?eiaiee a??ia?aeiee (?
0,05) i?e??no cia/aiue IOA1, MMEF, PEF ? IIO75. *a?ac 12 i?nyoe?a a?ae
ii/aoeo oa?ai?? an? ia?aiao?e, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue OCAe o oai?eo ia AA,
aeinoia??ii (? 0,01) iie?ioeeenue o iaio a?oiao. O iaoe??io?a c OIA, ui
io?eioaaee o?aaeeoe?eio oa?ai?th, /a?ac 12 i?nyoe?a a?ae ii/aoeo
e?eoaaiiy aeinoia??ii i?aeaeueeenue o?eueee iieacieee IOA1, IiO50 e
IIO75. A oie aea /an o oai?eo ia OIA, ye? i?ieoee eo?n ineoioa?ai??,
/a?ac 12 i?nyoe?a io?eiaii aeinoia??ia (? 0,01) iie?ioaiiy on?o
aeine?aeaeaieo iieaciee?a OCAe. I?e??no iieaciee?a o oai?eo ia AA oa
OIA, ye? i?ioiaeeee ineoioa?ai?th, a?eueo ye o i?aoi?a ?ace ia?aaeuoaaa
ci?ie o a?oi?, yea io?eioaaea o?aaeeoe?eia e?eoaaiiy. Oe?eaaei aoa oie
oaeo, ui i?e o?aaeeoe?ei?e oa?ai?? iieacieee ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai
aeeoaiiy i?e OIA oi/ ? ci?ithaaeenue, aea aoee iaio aeeiai?/ieie, i?ae c
AA. A oie aea /an o oai?eo ia OIA, ye? i?ieoee eo?n ineoioa?ai??,
aaeaeinue aeiiiaoeny iai?ioiino? a?iioiiano?oeoe??, yeo iiaeia ii??aiyoe
c oaeith i?e AA.

C iaoith aea/aiiy aieeao eiiieaenii? (?iaeea?aeoaeueii? oa a?oiiai?)
ineoioa?ai?? ia noai ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie o oai?eo ia AA oa
OIA, ye? io?eioaaee ??cia e?eoaaiiy, aoa aeine?aeaeaiee ??aaiue
oie?ianoa?ace a?eo?ioeeo?a ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiicii? e?ia?. O i?ioean?
oa?ai?? oeae iieaciee noaoenoe/ii cia/eii iie?ioeany aaea /a?ac 1
i?nyoeue a iaio a?oiao, ye o oai?eo c AA, oae ? OIA. *a?ac 12 i?nyoe?a
??aaiue oie?ianoa?ace c aenieith aeinoia??i?noth (? 0,001)
a?ae??ciyany a?ae aeo?aeiiai a on?o ianoaaeaieo. Iaeiae, ne?ae
a?aecia/eoe, ui o a?oi? o?aaeeoe?eii? oa?ai?? e?ioeaa? iieacieee aoee
cia/eii ieae/eie, i?ae o a?oi?, yea i?ieoea ineoiei?aeoe?th. E??i oiai,
o oai?eo ia OIA, ye? io?eiaee eo?n ineoioa?ai??, cia/aiiy oie?ianoa?ace
ia?eoa?e/ii? aaiicii? e?ia? /a?ac 12 i?nyoe?a aoee iaeneiaeueii
iaaeeaeai? aei ieaeiuei? iaae? ii?ie, ui ia niinoa??aaeinue o ?io?e
a?oi?.

Iieacieee aeeiai?ee ??aiy oie?ianoa?ace nooo?ai a?ae??ciyeenue o a?oiao
ii??aiyiiy. Oae, o oai?eo ia AA o a?oi? noaiaea?oii? oa?ai?? /a?ac 1
i?nyoeue i?aeaeuaiiy iieacieea neeaei (3,8 + 0,1) iiieue/aiae*aei3, a
/a?ac 12 i?nyoe?a — (10,8 + 0,5) iiieue/aiae*aei3. O oai?eo ia AA, ye?
io?eiaee ineoioa?ai?th, i?e??no aoa i?eaeecii aaea?/? a?eueoei. Iiae?aia
ea?oeia niinoa??aaeanue o oai?eo c OIA, aea i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
oie?ianoa?ace aoei oaeiae a?eueo cia/iei o iaoe??io?a, ye? i?ieoee
ineoiei?aeoe?th. Oaeei /eiii, aeiiiaiaiiy noaiaea?oiiai e?eoaaiiy
a?oiiaith oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith ineoioa?ai??th i?e AA oa OIA ni?ey?
a?eueo oaeaeeiio e cia/iiio iie?ioaiith noaio ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai?
nenoaie. Iaee?au? ?acoeueoaoe i?e oeueiio aeinyaathoueny o oai?eo ia
OIA.

Aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? i?iaaaeaii? ineoioa?ai?? a i?ioean? e?eoaaiiy
aea/aany ineoieia?/iee noaoon oai?eo. O iaoe??io?a, ye? io?eioaaee eeoa
o?aaeeoe?eia e?eoaaiiy, aeiaeai c iieaciee?a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
ineoieia?/iee noai, aeinoia??ii ia iie?ioeany /a?ac 1 i?nyoeue a?ae
ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy. *a?ac 12 i?nyoe?a o oe?e a?oi? cieceany ??aaiue
aeai?an??, a o oai?eo ia OIA ? neooaoeaii? o?eaiaeiino?, iaeiae oe?
iieacieee aoee aeaeaeeie a?ae ii?iaeueieo aaee/ei. O a?oi?, yea i?ieoea
oaeiae eo?n ineoioa?ai??, iaaiaee, /a?ac 1 i?nyoeue niinoa??aaeinue
aeinoia??ia (? 0,001) cieaeaiiy ??aiy aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino?,
aeai?an??, neooaoeaii? oa iniaeno?nii? o?eaiaeiino?, ye o oai?eo ia
a?iio?aeueio anoio, oae ? o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o. *a?ac 12
i?nyoe?a a?ae ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy cia/aiiy iieaciee?a aeai?an??,
neooaoeaii? oa iniaeno?nii? o?eaiaeiino? aoee o iaaeao ii?ie, ??aaiue
aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino? a?ae??ciyany a?ae ii?iaeueiiai eeoa iacia/ii.

I?e aiae?c? aeeiai?ee ??aiy aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino?, aeai?an??,
neooaoeaii? oa iniaeno?nii? o?eaiaeiino? anoaiiaeaii, ui o a?oi?, yea
i?ieoea eo?n ineoiei?aeoe??, ??cieoey i?ae aeo?aeieie iieacieeaie oa
cia/aiiyie, io?eiaieie /a?ac 1 ? 12 i?nyoe?a, aoea aeinoia??ii aeuith (?
0,001), i?ae o oai?eo, ye? io?eioaaee o?eueee noaiaea?oio oa?ai?th.
Iaeneiaeueia cieaeaiiy aoei o oai?eo ia OIA, ye? a aeiaeaoie aei
o?aaeeoe?eiiai e?eoaaiiy i?ieoee eo?n ineoioa?ai??. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe,
ui o a?oi?, yea iaea?aeaea eo?n ineoioa?ai??, aeo?aei? cia/aiiy
aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino? oa aeai?an?? aoee o?ioe a?eueoeie o iaoe??io?a
c AA. I?ney e?eoaaiiy oe? iieacieee nooo?ai ia a?ae??ciyeenue o oai?eo
ia AA oa OIA. Aeyaeaii, ui a iaio a?oiao /a?ac 12 i?nyoe?a iieacieee
caciaee iaea?eueoeo ci?i, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaiao?aei?noue o?eaaei?
ineoieia?/ii? ei?aeoe?? o oai?eo c a?iioiiano?oeoe??th.

Oaeei /eiii, ii?aeiaiiy a?oiiai? oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ineoioa?ai?? a
e?eoaaii? a?iio?aeueii? anoie oa o?ii?/iiai iano?oeoeaiiai a?iio?oo
aeeeeea? cieaeaiiy ??aiy aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino?, aeai?an?? oa
o?eaiaeiino?, ni?ey? a?eueo aeeiai?/iei ?o ci?iai, ?, a?aoo? ?aoo,
ii?iae?co? ineoieia?/iee noai iaoe??io?a. Iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiith
i?iaaaeaia ineoioa?ai?y aeyaeeanue o oai?eo c OIA.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe eaoaiianoe/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy ca oai?eie, ye?
iaea?aeaee ??ci? aeaee e?eoaaiiy, iaaaaeai? a oaae.1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo aeae?a e?eoaaiiy

AA oa OIA

Aeae e?eoaai-iyCaoai-?thaai-iyE?euee?noue caaino?th-aaiue ia ??e

(I m)O?eaa-e?noue ?ai?n??

(I m, i?nyoe?)I?aeaeuaiiy o?ce/ii? aeoeaiino?

(% oai?eo)Ciaioaiiy aeei?enoaiiy iaaeeeaiaio?a i?ioyaii ?ieo

(% oai?eo)A?aeiiaa a?ae iae?iiy

(% oai?eo)O?aaee-oe?eiaAA

n=32

2,11 0,23

5,34 0,37

59,4

65,3

—e?eoaai-iyOIA

n=14

1,96 0,15

6,34 0,41

64,6

58,1

—O?aaee-oe?eia e?eoaai- AA

n=29

0,87 0,12*

9,93 0,84*

77,6

81,4

21,4iy

+ ineoi-oa?ai?yOIA

n=17

0,78 0,2*

9,87 0,65*

83,5

75,3

25,0I?ei?oea. Aeinoia??i?noue a?aei?iiinoae i?e ii??aiyii? a?oi c
??cieie aeaeaie e?eoaaiiy: * ? 0,01

Ii??aiyiiy aoaeoeaiino? eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy AA oa OIA ?c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? oa a?oiiai? ineoiei?aeoe?? oa
o?aaeeoe?eii? oa?ai?? aeicaieeei ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe canoinoaaiiy cacia/aiiai
niiniao ineoioa?ai?? aeey ?ioaineo?eaoe?? e?eoaaiiy oeeo caoai?thaaiue,
ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? caaino?aiue i?ioyaii ?ieo, iiaeiaaeaiiy oace
?ai?n?? oa iie?ioaiiy yeino? aeeooy oai?eo.

Ana aeuacacia/aia aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ?yae aeniiae?a.

AENIIAEE

1. Aeey ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio (70,9 %) oa
o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o (82,6 %) oa?aeoa?i? ii?ooaiiy caaaeueii?
ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe??. I?e oeueiio iniaeeai cia/ei? ci?ie
niinoa??aathoueny a ia?eoa?e/ieo I-oie?ii?aoeaioi?ao a?iio?aeueiiai
aea?aaa. Oie?ia?a?/iee aeenaaeain a?eueo ae?aaeaiee o oai?eo ia OIA, o
yeeo iineeaiiy oiiono ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie ei?aeth? c
oyaee?noth caoai?thaaiiy.

2. I?iaaaeaiiy ?iaaeyoe?eii? i?iae c oie?iie?oeeii Ao?iaaioii aeicaiey?
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii i?ae?eoe aei i?ecia/aiiy a?iioie?oe/ieo i?aia?ao?a o
oai?eo c a?iioiiano?oeoeaiei neiae?iiii.

3. I?e a?iio?aeuei?e anoi? oa o?ii?/iiio iano?oeoeaiiio a?iio?o?
ineoieia?/iee noaoon ia?aaoaa? a caeaaeiino? a?ae oyaeeino?
caoai?thaaiiy. I?e oeueiio iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaieie o aea/aii?
ineoiaiioe?eiiai noaio ? iieacieee aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino?, aeai?an??
oa neooaoeaii? o?eaiaeiino?. Ci?ie aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino? oa
aeai?an?? a?eueo ae?aaeai? o oai?eo ia o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o,
o oie /an ye i?e a?iio?aeuei?e anoi? ia? i?noea a?eueo aeniea
o?eaiaei?noue.

4. ?aaoey?ia othothiiiae?iiy i?ioyaii iiiaae 5 ?ie?a iineeth? ?iceaaee
oie?ia?a?/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? o oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio oa o?ii?/iee
iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o, iniaeeai aieeaath/e ia iioeiaeaeaiiy
I-oie?ii?aoeaioi??a a?iio?a. Iae?iiy oaeiae cia/iith i??ith ni?ey?
i?ia?anoaaiith ci?i ineoieia?/iiai noaoono ye o oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio
anoio oa o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o, oae ? o in?a aac ee?i?/ieo
iciae a?iioiiano?oeoe??.

5. Ci?ie ineoieia?/iiai noaio aeniei ei?aeththoue c ?iceaaeaie
ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? o oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio oa o?ii?/iee
iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o, ui ?iaeoue iiaeeeaei canoinoaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii?
ineoioa?ai?? aeey ei?aeoe?? noaio ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie i?e
oeeo caoai?thaaiiyo.

6. ?aoe?iiaeueia ineoioa?ai?y (?iaeea?aeoaeueia oa a?oiiaa) ?
aoaeoeaiei iaoiaeii e?eoaaiiy, ui ni?eyoeeai aieeaa? ia iieacieee
ooieoe?? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy, noai ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie oa
ineoieia?/iee noaoon oai?eo c neiae?iiii a?iioiiano?oeoe??. Iniaeeai
iieacaia aeeth/aiiy ineoiei?aeoe?? aei i?ia?aie e?eoaaiiy o?ii?/iiai
iano?oeoeaiiai a?iio?oo. E??i oiai, ineoioa?ai?y iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia
ye iaeei c iaoiae?a, yeee aeiiiiaaa? eo?oeyi iicaaaeoeny i?eioeiiai?
caeaaeiino?.

I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe??

1. aeyaeaiiy o oai?eo ia AA oa OIA ci?i o ia?aneiiaoe/iiio a?aeae?e?
AIN o caeaaeiino? a?ae oyaeeino? ia?aa?ao, iicieia?? oa iayaiino?
aeoeaiiai othothiiiae?iiy aeicaiey? aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii i?ae?eoe aei
i?ecia/aiiy oie?iie?oee?a aeaiiio eiioeiaaioo oai?eo.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaia i?iaaaeaiiy iaaeeeaiaioicieo i?ia o oai?eo ia AA oa
OIA aeey aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai e?eoaaiiy a?iioiiano?oeoeaiiai neiae?iio.

3. aea/aiiy ineoieia?/iiai noaoono oai?eo c neiae?iiii
a?iioiiano?oeoe?? ? aeioe?eueiei aeey iioei?caoe?? oa?ai?? AA oa OIA.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aecia/aiiy IIO75 iaea?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaia i?e ioe?ioe?
noaio OCAe o eo?oe?a, ui aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai
iieacieea i?e ne?ei?iaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo na?aae ieo.

5. ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeeth/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? oa a?oiiai?
ineoioa?ai?? aei eiiieaeno e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a i?e AA oa OIA aeey
nei?i/aiiy oa?i?i?a e?eoaaiiy, iiaeiaaeaiiy ia??iaeo ?ai?n??, cieaeaiiy
aaeeaaiiy e?ea?nueeeo i?aia?ao?a oa i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? aeeooy oai?eo.
Aeiaaaeaia aoaeoeai?noue ineoioa?ai?? ye iaeiiai c iaoiae?a, ui
aeiiiiaaathoue eo?oeyi ca?eueieoeny a?ae i?eioeiiai? caeaaeiino?.

Nienie ?ia?o, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Aaoeiiaa E.TH., Aioa?ieeiaa E.A. Caeaaei?noue ??aiy oaeethaaiiy a?ae
noaio aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie o oai?eo ia o?ii?/i? iano?oeoeai?
caoai?thaaiiy eaaaiue // Iaaee/i? ia?niaeoeae. — 1997. — O. ??, ? 3. —
N. 54-55.

2. Aaoeiiaa E.TH., Ia?oeaaa O.I., Eiiiie?ia E. ?. Caeaaei?noue ??aiy
aeai?an?? a?ae noaio aaaaoaoeaii? ia?aiai? nenoaie o oai?eo ia o?ii?/i?
iano?oeoeai? caoai?thaaiiy eaaaiue // Oe?a?inueeee ioeueiiiieia?/iee
aeo?iae. — 1998. — ? 1 (19). — N.36-38.

3. I?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? oa aeina?ae ?iaioe «Anoia-oeiee» i?e
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? / Ia?oeaaa O.I., Eiiiie?ia E.?.,
Aiaaoeueea E.?., Aaoeiiaa E.TH., Iaooiaa A.I. — Iaaee/i? ia?niaeoeae. —
1998. — O. ???, ? 2. — N. 47-49.

4. Ia?oeaaa O.A., Aaoeiiaa A.TH. Caaeneiinoue au?aaeaiiinoe aeai?annee
io o?iaiy oieeianoa?acu y?eo?ioeeoia o aieueiuo o?iie/aneeie
iano?oeoeaiuie caaieaaaieyie eaaeeo // A?niee i?iaeai a?ieia?? ?
iaaeeoeeie. — 1998. — ? 24. — N. 29-32.

5. Iniaaiiinoe iao/aiey eeoe noa?oeo aic?anoiuo a?oii a «Anoia-oeiea» /
Ia?oeaaa O.A., Aaoeiiaa A.TH., Aioaeieeiaa E.A., Eiiiieeia
E.E.,Aiaaoeeay A.A.. — Iaoa??aee neiiic?oio «O?ii?/i? iano?oeoeai?
caoai?thaaiiy eaaaiue o ethaeae iioeeiai oa noa?a/iai
a?eo».-Ee?a.-1997.- N. 28-29.

6. Iiuo iai?a?uaiiai ia?aciaaiey aieueiuo a oneiaeyo «Anoia-oeieu»
Ia?oeaaa O.A., Eiiiieeia E.E., Aiaaoeeay A.A., Aaoeiiaa A.TH.,
Aioaeieeiaa E.A. — Oacenu aeieeaaeia IV ?inneeneiai iaoeeiiaeueiiai
eiia?anna «*aeiaae e eaea?noai». — Iineaa. — 1997. — N. 334-335.

7. Aaoeiiaa A.TH., Ia?oeaaa O.A., Aioaeieeiaa E.A. O?iaaiue aeai?annee a
caaeneiinoe io noaiaie aeuoaoaeueiie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe o aieueiuo
o?iie-/aneeie iano?oeoeaiuie caaieaaaieyie eaaeeo // Nai?iee ?acthia VII
iaoee-iiaeueiiai eiia?anna ii aieaciyi i?aaiia aeuoaiey. — Iineaa. —
1997. — N. 130.

8. Iiaeai? ea/aiey a?iioiiano?oeoeaiiai neiae?iia i?e iiiiue
eiaaeyoeeiiiie i?iau n aa?iaeoaeii / Eiiiieeia E.E., Aiaaoeeay A.A.,
Aaoeiiaa A.TH., Aioaeieeiaa E.A. / Nai?iee ?acthia VII iaoeeiiaeueiiai
eiia?anna ii aieaciyi i?aaiia aeuoaiey. — Iineaa. — 1997. — N. 378.

9. Pertseva T., Gashinova K., Botvinicova L. Bogatskaya K., Pertseva N.,
Gonchar M. Correlation of depression level with stages of chronic
respiratory insufficiency in patients with COPD // International review
of Allergology and clinical Immunology. — 1997. — Vol. III.- Suppl. 1. —
P. 40 (P — 33).

10. Eiiiieeia E.E., Aaoeiiaa A.TH., Aioaeieeiaa E.A. Iiaeai? ea/aiey
a?iioiiano?oeoeaiiai neiae?iia i?e iiiiue eiaaeyoeeiiiuo i?ia n
aa?ioaeii e ao?iaaioii // Oacenu aeieeaaeia V ?inneeneiai
iaoeeiiaeueiiai eiia?anna «*aeiaae e eaea?noai». — Iineaa. — 1998. — N.
494.

11. Eiiiieeia E.E., Aaoeiiaa A.TH. O?iaaiue neooaoeaiie e ee/iinoiie
o?aaiaeiinoe o aieueiuo o?iie/aneeie iano?oeoeaiuie caaieaaaieyie eaaeeo
(OICE) // Iaoa??aee XIV c’?caeo oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie. -Ee?a.-1998.-N. 14.

12. Ia?oeaaa O.A., Aaoeiiaa A.TH. Aeeyiea ao?iaaioa ia ninoiyiea
ia?aneiiaoe/aneie ?aaoeyoeee o aieueiuo o?iie/aneeie iano?oeoeaiuie
caaieaaaieyie eaaeeo // Iaoa??aee XIV c’?caeo oa?aiaao?a Oe?a?ie. —
Ee?a. — 1998. — N. 62-63.

13. Aaoeiiaa A.TH. Caaeneiinoue o?iaiy o?aaiaeiinoe io ninoiyiey AIN o
aieueiuo o?iie/aneeie iano?oeoeaiuie caaieaaaieyie eaaeeo // Nai?iee
?acthia VII iaoeeiiaeueiiai eiia?anna ii aieaciyi i?aaiia aeuoaiey. —
Iineaa. — 1998. — N. 17, ioae. 1.43.

14. Eiiiieeia E.E., Ia?oeaaa O.A., Aiaaoeeay A.A., Aaoeiiaa A.TH.,
Aioaeieeiaa E.A. ?ieue «Anoia-oeieu» a iao/aiee aieueiuo a?iioeaeueiie
anoiie // Nai?iee ?acthia VII iaoeeiiaeueiiai eiia?anna ii aieaciyi
i?aaiia aeuoaiey. — Iineaa. — 1998. — N. 56, ioae. 11.3.

15. Aaoeiiaa A.TH., Aioaeieeiaa E.A. Au?aaeaiiinoue aeai?annee o
aieueiuo OICE a caaeneiinoe io noaiaie aeuoaoaeueiie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe //
Aeooaeueiua aii?inu iaaeeoeeiu e aeieiaee. : Na. iao/i. ?aaio. —
Aeiai?iiao?iane. -1997. — Aui. 9. — N.244.

16. Aaoeiiaa A.TH. I?eiaiaiea eiaaeyoeeiiiie i?iau n aa?iaeoaeii aeey
iiaeai?a ea/aiey aieueiuo n a?iioiiano?oeoeaiui neiae?iiii //
Aeooaeueiua aii?inu iaaeeoeeiu e aeieiaee: Na. iao/i. ?aaio. —
Aeiai?iiao?iane. -1997. — Aui. 9. — N. 246.

Aaoeiiaa E.TH. Iniaeeaino? ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? ? ineoieia?/iiai
noaio o oai?eo ia a?iio?aeueio anoio oa o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o.
— ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.27 — ioeueiiiieia?y. — ?inoeooo ooec?ao??? ?
ioeueiiiieia?? ?i. O. A. ssiianueeiai AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

Ca aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeniiai ee?i?/iiai oa eaai?aoi?ii-?ino?oiaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? oie?ia?a?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy o oai?eo
ia a?iio?aeueio anoio (AA) oa o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o (OIA).
Anoaiiaeaii, ui oie?ia?a?/iee aeenaaeain a?eueo ae?aaeaiee o oai?eo ia
OIA, o yeeo i?aeneeaiiy ia?aneiiaoe/iiai oiiono ei?aeth? c oyaee?noth
caoai?thaaiiy. I?e aea/aii? iieaciee?a ineoieia?/iiai noaio iieacaii, ui
ci?ie aaaaoaoeaii? eaa?eueiino? ? ??aiy aeai?an?? a?eueo ae?aaeai? i?e
OIA, a oie /an ye i?e AA niinoa??aa?oueny a?eueo aeniea neooaoeaia ?
iniaeno?nia o?eaiaei?noue. Aecia/aiee aieea othothiiiae?iiy ia iieacieee
ia?aneiiaoe/ii? ?aaoeyoe?? oa ineoieia?/iee noai. Ia i?aenoaa?
anoaiiaeaii? aeniei? ei?aeyoe?? i?ae oie?ia?a?/iith aeoeai?noth ?
ineoieia?/iei noaiii cai?iiiiiaaia eiiieaenia ?iaeea?aeoaeueia i?ia?aia
e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia AA oa OIA c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aoe?iiaeueii?
ineoioa?ai??.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: A?iio?aeueia anoia, o?ii?/iee iano?oeoeaiee a?iio?o,
ia?aneiiaoe/ia ?aaoeyoe?y, ineoieia?/i? iniaeeaino?.

Gashynova K.Y. Peculiarities of Cholinergic regulation and psychological
state in patients with the Bronchial Asthma and Chronic obstructive
bronchitis. — Manuscript.

Dissertation for the candidate of medical sciences degree in speciality
14.01.27 — pulmonology. The Institute phthisiatry and pulmonology named
after F. G. Yanovsky, AMS Ukraine, Kiev, 1999.

On the base of complex clinical and laboratory-instrumental findings of
the patients with Bronchial Asthma (BA) and Chronic obstructive
bronchitis (COB) peculiarities of cholinergic regulation were revealed.
It was established, that in patients with COB cholinergic disorders are
more expressed, and correlate with severity of disease. During the
study of psychological state the changes of vegetative and depression
level were more manifested in patients with COB, while asthmatics have
higher anxiety index. We cultivated differential treatment of
bronchoobstructive syndrome and proposed complex individual program for
the cure of BA and COB on the base of high correlation between
cholinergic disorders and psychology state. The influence of cigarette
smoking for the course and severity of BA and COB was also obtained.

Key words: Bronchial Asthma, Chronic obstructive bronchitis, Cholinergic
regulation, Psychological state

Aaoeiiaa A.TH. Iniaaiiinoe ia?aneiiaoe/aneie ?aaoeyoeee e
ineoieiae/aneiai noaoona o aieueiuo a?iioeaeueiie anoiie e o?iie/aneei
iano?oeoeaiui a?iioeoii. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.27 — ioeueiiiieiaey. — Einoeooo ooeceao?ee e
ioeueiiiieiaee ei. O. A. ssiianeiai AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

O aieueiuo a?iioeaeueiie anoiie (AA) e o?iie/aneei iano?oeoeaiui
a?iioeoii (OIA) ia iniiaaiee eiiieaeniiai eeeie/aneiai e
eaai?aoi?ii-eino?oiaioaeueiiai enneaaeiaaiey eco/aiu eciaiaiey a
ia?aneiiaoe/aneii ioaeaea aaaaoaoeaiie ia?aiie nenoaiu a caaeneiinoe io
oyaeanoe oa/aiey, iicieiaee e iaee/ey aeoeaiiai oaaaeieo?aiey.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oieeia?ae/aneee aeenaaeain aieaa au?aaeai o aieueiuo
OIA, o eioi?uo oneeaiea ia?aneiiaoe/aneiai oiiona ei??aee?oao n
oyaeanoueth caaieaaaiey. I?e eco/aiee ninoiyiey ooieoeee aiaoiaai
aeuoaiey (OAAe) auyaeaiu iaeaieaa cia/eoaeueiua eciaiaiey iieacaoaeae o
eo?yueo aieueiuo n oyaeaeuie oi?iaie AA e OIA. O aieueoeinoaa ?aaoey?ii
eo?yueo ioia/aia niaoeeoe/aneay oieeiy?ae/aneay aeia?/oanoaeoaeueiinoue
e aeia??aaeoeaiinoue a?iioia, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i aunieii ?enea
?acaeoey o ieo a?iioiiano?oeoeaiiai neiae?iia, naycaiiiai n ia?ooaieai
ia?aneiiaoe/aneie ?aaoeyoeee aeuoaoaeueiuo iooae. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi
eciaiaiey iieacaoaeae OAAe e oieeiy?ae/aneay aeia??aaeoeaiinoue a?iioia
aicieeatho o eo?eeueueeia caaeieai aei eeeie/aneeo i?iyaeaiee
a?iioiiano?oeoeee. Iaeaieaa cia/eiua eciaiaiey a a?iioao e?oiiiai
eaeea?a o eo?eeueueeia iicaieeee ?aeiiaiaeiaaoue IIN75 a ea/anoaa
iaeaieaa iauaeoeaiiai e aeinoiaa?iiai iieacaoaey i?e ne?eieiaiauo
enneaaeiaaieyo yoeo eeoe. Ii ?acoeueoaoai enneaaeiaaiey i?aaeeiaeaii
i?eiaiaiea eiaaeyoeeiiiie i?iau n I-oieeiieeoeeii Ao?iaaioii aeey
ioeaiee ninoiyiey ia?aneiiaoe/aneie ia?aiie nenoaiu o aieueiuo n
neiae?iiii a?iioiiano?oeoeee. Aeey aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiiai iiaeoiaea e
ea/aieth a?iioiiano?oeoeaiiai neiae?iia i?e AA e OIA ?aeiiaiaeiaaii
i?iaaaeaiea iaaeeeaiaioiciuo eiaaeyoeeiiiuo i?ia n a?iioieeoeeaie.

Ii?aaeaeaia oeaeaniia?aciinoue eco/aiey ineoieiae/aneiai noaoona o
aieueiuo n neiae?iiii a?iioiiano?oeoeee aeey iioeiecaoeee oa?aiee AA e
OIA. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ineoiyiioeeiiaeueiua ?anno?ienoaa, i?iyaeythueany
a iiauoaiee aaaaoaoeaiie eaaeeueiinoe, o?aaiaeiinoe e aeai?annee,
onoaoaeythony i?e oaaee/aiee noaiaie oyaeanoe AA e OIA. Eo?aiea a
cia/eoaeueiie ia?a niinianoaoao i?ia?anne?iaaieth eciaiaiee
ineoieiae/aneiai noaoona eae o aieueiuo AA e OIA, oae e o eeoe aac
eeeie/aneeo i?eciaeia a?iioiiano?oeoeee.

A ?aaioa iieacaii, /oi eciaiaiey aaaaoaoeaiie eaaeeueiinoe e o?iaiy
aeai?annee aieaa au?aaeaiu o aieueiuo OIA, a oi a?aiy eae i?e AA
iaaethaeaaony aieaa aunieay neooaoeaiay e ee/iinoiay o?aaiaeiinoue.
Onoaiiaeaia aunieay ei??aeyoeey iaaeaeo iieacaoaeyie oieeia?ae/aneie
aeoeaiinoe e ineoieiae/aneei ninoiyieai o aieueiuo AA e OIA. iainiiaaia
iaiaoiaeeiinoue aeeth/aiey ?aoeeiiaeueiie ineoioa?aiee a eiiieaen
ea/aaiuo ia?ii?eyoee i?e AA e OIA.

a aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaioa iieacaii, /oi i?eiaiaiea eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie e
a?oiiiaie ineoioa?aiee o aieueiuo AA e OIA aeaaii?eyoii neacuaaaony ia
ninoiyiee ooieoeee aiaoiaai aeuoaiey. O aieueiuo o?iie/aneei
iano?oeoeaiui a?iioeoii i?iaaaeaiea ineoioa?aiee a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a
niinianoaoao oaaee/aieth ia?aoeiinoe a?iioiiano?oeoeee. Aeeth/aiea
ineoioa?aiee a eiiieaen ea/aaiuo ia?ii?eyoee i?e AA e OIA niinianoaoao
ii?iaeecaoeee o?iaiy oieeianoa?acu y?eo?ioeeoia ia?eoa?e/aneie aaiiciie
e?iae e i?eaiaeeo e oeo/oaieth ninoiyiey ia?aneiiaoe/aneie ia?aiie
nenoaiu o aeaiiiai eiioeiaaioa aieueiuo, iicaieyao ii?iaeeciaaoue
o?iaaiue aaaaoaoeaiie eaaeeueiinoe e aeai?annee, oiaiueoeoue
neooaoeaioth e ee/iinoioth o?aaiaeiinoue, i?eaiaey e oeo/oaieth
ineoieiae/aneiai noaoona aieueiuo. Iiae aeeyieai ineoioa?aiee
i?ienoiaeeo aieaa auno?ia noeoaiea iaino?aiey AA e OIA. Ineoieiae/aneay
ei??aeoeey ieacuaaao aeaaii?eyoiia aeeyiea ia aeeeoaeueiinoue ?aiennee e
eiee/anoai iaino?aiee caaieaaaiey, i?eaiaeeo e nieaeaieth iio?aaeaiey
eaea?noaaiiuo i?aia?aoia, oaaee/aieth oece/aneie aeoeaiinoe e oeo/oaieth
ea/anoaa aeecie aieueiuo. Eiaeeaeaeoaeueiay e a?oiiiaay ineoioa?aiey
iiaeao auoue eniieueciaaia a ea/anoaa iaeiiai ec iaoiaeia, iiiiaathueo
eo?eeueueeai ecaaaeoueny io ieeioeiiaie caaeneiinoe. A oeaeii iaeaieaa
yooaeoeaiie a ioiioaiee ii?iaeecaoeee ia?aneiiaoe/aneie ?aaoeyoeee e
ei??aeoeee ineoieiae/aneiai noaoona i?iaiaeeiay ineoioa?aiey ieacaeanue
o aieueiuo n o?iie/aneei iano?oeoeaiui a?iioeoii.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: A?iioeaeueiay anoia, o?iie/aneee iano?oeoeaiue a?iioeo,
ia?aneiiaoe/aneay ?aaoeyoeey, ineoieiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe.

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