?INOEOOO IAAe?AO???, AEOOA?NOAA OA A?IAEIEIA??

AEAAeAI?? IAAeE*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

IIEI*AE IAOAE?ss AIEIAeEIE??AIA

OAeE 616.12-008.6-072-053.2

INIAEEAINO? IAE?I-AIAeIE?EIII? ?AAOEssOe??

O Ae?OAE C AAAAOAOEAIEIE AeENOOIEOe?ssIE

14.01.10 — Iaae?ao??y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaae?ao??? N4 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaeaeaiiee A?oae?e A?eai?iae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
iaae?ao??? N4.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Iaa?ioeueea Aaeeia
Aioii?aia, ?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie,
aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo i?iaeai iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
ae?oyi ? iaoa?yi;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ei?ai?a Ieeiea Ieoaeeiae/, Oa?e?anueeee
IAe? ioi?iie caei?ia’y ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a IIC Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a iaaea?o??? N2, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 13 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.553.01 ?c caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoyie
“Iaae?ao??y”, “Aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y” i?e ?inoeooo? iaae?ao???,
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i.Ee?a,
aoe.Iaio?euenueeiai, 8).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i.Ee?a,
aoe.Iaio?euenueeiai, 8).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 21 ” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.A.Eaaoi?ia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Iacaaaeath/e ia ?ioaineaia aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaaaoaoeaieo aeenooieoe?e (AAe), i?iaeaia ?o aea/aiiy caeeoa?oueny
aeineoue aeooaeueiith, ine?eueee inoaii?ie ?ieaie niinoa??aa?oueny
cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ae?oae c oeeie ii?ooaiiyie. O?eueee ca
inoaii? ?iee e?euee?noue aini?oae?ciaaieo oai?eo c aaaaoaoeaieie
ii?ooaiiyie ca?eueoeeanue a 3 ?ace (A.A.Iaeaeaiiee, I.I.Eoooa, 1992) ? a
no?oeoo?? caoai?thaaiue caaaeueii? iiioeyoe?? ae?oae noaiiaeyoue 20%
an??? iaoieia?? (A.Ae.*aaioa?ueiaa ? ni?aaao., 1993). Oiio cia/ii c??n
?ioa?an e?ea??a-iaae?ao??a aei aea/aiiy ? ?icoi?iiy nooiino? AAe,
iniaeeai i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN (I.I.Eoe’yiiaa, 1994; I.I. Eoe’yiiaa ?
ni?aaao., 1998; TH.A.Aioeie?i ? ni?aaao., 1996 oa ?i.). O no?oeoo??
caoai?thaaiue ia?aiai? nenoaie o ae?oae, iioa?i?eeo aiane?aeie aaa??? ia
*AAN, iaeaeuo ieoiio aaao ia? aaaaoaoeaii-noaeeiia aeenooieoe?y (ANAe),
yea cono??/a?oueny o 37-38% (A.A.Ai?iaeae, AE.A.Onaoaiei, 1998).

Cia/ia iioe?aiiy AAe na?aae ae?oae ni?e/eith? ?icaeoie o a?eueoino? c
ieo ineoiniiaoe/ieo caoai?thaaiue (I.I.Aaei ? ni?aaao., 1981, 1997; A.A.
Ni??iia, 1985; Campo, Fritsch, 1994). Caaaeueiia?aeiii, ui oea aeieea?
aiane?aeie ii?ooaiiy iae?iaoii?aeueii? ?aaoeyoe?? niiaoi-aaaaoaoeaieo
ooieoe?e (A.A.Ni??iia, 1985; I.I.A?eieiiue, I.A.Eoaa?aa?, 1987; N.N.
Ino?iiieaoeue ? ni?aaao., 1991; Drory, 1995). Iaeiae iaoai?cie, ui
eaaeaoue a iniia? oeeo ii?ooaiue, aei e?ioey ia aea/ai?. I?eioneathoue,
ui a iaoiaaiac? AAe o ae?oae aaeeea cia/aiiy iathoue no?ania? neooaoe??
(I.I.Eoe’yiiaa, I.E.Oa?aoianueeee, 1994), ii?ooaiiy aaaaoaoeaiiai
aiiainoaco ? ?iceaaee ooieoe?iioaaiiy aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie
(A.A.Eaeueoeaa ? ni?aaao., 1991). I?ioa ieoaiiy i?i oa?aeoa? ii?ooaiiy
aiiainoaco ? aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie o ae?oae c ??cieie ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie
AAe aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoiai aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy.

Eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy ? ii??aiyeueii? ioe?iee iieaciee?a aaaaoaoeaiiai
aiiainoaco oa aaaaoaoeaii? caaacia/aiino? o ae?oae c ??cieie oi?iaie
aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue ia i?iaiaeeeinue. I?aeoe/ii ia aea/aii oa?aeoa?
a?aeoeeaiue ia naaiaioa?iiio ? iaaenaaiaioa?iiio ??aiyo i?e AAe o
ae?oae. Ia aeine?aeaeaii ae?aaiinoe/iiai cia/aiiy aeeeeeaieo neiiaoe/ieo
oe??ieo iioaioe?ae?a (ANOI) o ae?oae c AAe, a oaeiae a?aenooi?
iaa?oioiaai? e?eoa??? ?aiiuei?, iniaeeai aeiiicieia?/ii?, ae?aaiinoeee
??cieo ee?i?/ieo oi?i aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue.

Ca”ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
eaoaae?e iaae?ao??? ?4 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, ? o?aaiaioii eiiieaenii? aea?aeaaii? athaeaeaoii? oaie
??ic?iaeoe oa ai?iaaaeeoe ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? ??cieo ee?i?/ieo
aa??aio?a ia?aa?ao aaaaoaoeaieo aeenooieoe?e o ae?oae? (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197U006118).

Iaoa ?iaioe — oaeineiiaeeoe ae?aaiinoeeo AAe o ae?oae ia i?aenoaa?
aea/aiiy ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/iiai cia/aiiy iae?iaiaeie?eiieo ii?ooaiue a
i?aai?ci? ae?oae aeey aeieeiaiiy e ?icaeoeo AAe.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa ia?aaeaa/aea ae??oaiiy oaeeo iniiaieo caaaeaiue:

— i?iaanoe eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaco ?
aecia/eoe eiai iniaeeaino? o ae?oae c ??cieie ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie AAe;

— aea/eoe ANOI ? anoaiiaeoe ?oi? ae?aaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy i?e aaaaoaoeaieo
ii?ooaiiyo o ae?oae;

— aeine?aeeoe noai ai?iiiaeueiiai aiiainoaco o ae?oae c AAe;

— aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? iae?iaiaeie?eiii? ?aaoeyoe?? i?e ??cieo
ee?i?/ieo oi?iao AAe o ae?oae ? ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??? ae?aaiinoeee oa
i?iaiico ia?aa?ao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aeicaieeei io?eiaoe
?yae iiaeo aeaieo i?i iniaeeaino? aaaaoaoeaiiai ? ai?iiiaeueiiai
aiiainoaco o ae?oae c AAe, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue iaoiaaiaoe/i?
iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy ? iathoue ae?aaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui o ae?oae c AAe a?aei?/athoueny cia/i? ci?ie
aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaco, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae ??aiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy AIN ?
aecia/athoue iniaeeaino? ??cieo ee?i?/ieo oi?i aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue.
Oae, o ae?oae a ANAe niinoa??aa?oueny iineeaiiy neiiaoe/iiai aieeao AIN
? i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? oeaio?aeueiiai eiioo?o oi?aae?iiy, oiae? ye
aeey ae?oae c iae?ioee?eoeyoi?iith aeenooieoe??th (IOeAe) oa?aeoa?ii
iaeii/ania i?aeaeuaiiy oiiono neiiaoe/iiai ? ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?e?a
AIN oa ia?aiai?oaeaiiy aaeaioeaieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio. O oai?eo c
ia?ieneciaeueiith aaaaoaoeaiith iaaeinoaoi?noth (IAI) niinoa??aa?oueny
cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? ye neiiaoe/iiai, oae ? ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?e?a
AIN, a oaeiae iaeii/anii iineeaiiy aaoiiiiiino? neioniaiai aocea.

Aia?oa o 92,6% ae?oae c AAe aeyaeai? ci?ie eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo aai
aiie?ooaee ANOI. Iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ia nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ?
ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI. Niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia aneiao??y
aiie?ooaee ? eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI c eenoae ? noii ni?aaa-ce?aa.
Aeyaeai? ci?ie na?ae/aoue i?i ??eoaoe?th niaoeeo?/ieo ? ianiaoeeo?/ieo
aeoeaaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o ae?oae c AAe.

Aia?oa iieacaii, ui o ae?oae c IOeAe niinoa??aa?oueny iaea?eueoa
nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI, i?aeaeuaiiy ?inoi-eaoaeaeueii?
aeenioe?aoe??, oiae? ye i?e ANAe iaecia/i?oa i?aeaeuo?oueny aiie?ooaea
iioaioe?ae?a c eenoae ? noii. Ioaea, i?e IOeAe ?noioii ciaioo?oueny
oeaio?aeueia cao?eiea neaiae?a, i/aaeaeii, a ?acoeueoao? cia/ii?
aeoeaaoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio iaaieo a?aeae?e?a OeIN, o oie /an ye
o ae?oae c ANAe ci?ie ANOI ? iane?aeeii ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iioiaeo
caeic, ui nae?aoothoue, aoyaiaieo o a?aeiia?aeue ia iineeaiiy
neiiaoe/iiai aieeao AIN o oe?e a?oi? oai?eo. O oai?eo c IAI ANOI
caeaaeaoue a?ae oa?aeoa?o e?ece.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue aaaaeaoe
iaoiae ANOI aeineoue ?ioi?iaoeaiei c oi/ee ci?o ia’?eoeaii? e?euee?nii?
ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio naaiaioa?iiai aia?aoo ? oeaio?aeueii?
eaiee oe??ii-neiiaoe/iiai ?aoeaeno o ae?oae c AAe. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ANOI
aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe i?e eiiieaeniiio ee?i?ei-iae?io?c?ieia?/iiio
ianoaaeaii? ae?oae c o?aaeaiiyi AIN ? aeey iioi/iiai ia’?eoeaiiai
eiio?ieth ca aoaeoeai?noth e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a. E??i oiai, ia iniia?
eiiieaeniiai ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi
E?A, EII, ANOI, a oaeiae ioe?iee ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono iiaeia aeae?eeoe
a?oie ae?oae c IOeAe, ANAe ? IAI, ye? iio?aaothoue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
i?aeoiaeo aei e?eoaaiiy.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo. Ca iaoa??aeaie
aeena?oaoe?? aeaeai? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? “Ee?i?ea, ae?aaiinoeea oa
?aaa?e?oaoe?y aaaaoaoeaieo aeenoii?e o ae?oae, ye? iino?aaeaeaee
aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *AAN” (Ee?a, 1996).

?ic?iaeai? e?eoa??? ae?aaiinoeee ? i?iaiico ia?aa?ao ??cieo ee?i?/ieo
oi?i aaaaoaoeaieo aeenooieoe?e o ae?oae ai?iaaaeaeai? a ?yae?
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo onoaiia aea?aeaae (AeEE ?2, AeEE ?5 i.Ee?aa,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueea oa ?i.). Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia eaoaae?? iaae?ao??? ?4
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi i?iaaaeai? ee?i?/i?
niinoa?aaeaiiy oa ?ino?oiaioaeueia ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo, ioe?iea aeaieo
eaai?aoi?ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaea ?noi??e oai?ia, noai?aia
eiii’thoa?ia aaca aeaieo oa i?iaaaeaia noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a. Naiino?eii ocaaaeueiai? io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe,
noi?ioeueiaai? aeniiaee oa ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoee
aeiiia?aeai? ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“?aae?aoe?eii-aeieia?/i? oa iaaee/i? aniaeoe aaa??? ia *AAN” (Ee?a,
aeiaoaiue 1993?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “*i?iiaeeue ?
caei?ia’y ethaeae” (Ee?a, ea?oaiue 1994?.), VI eiia?an? NOOEO (Iaeana,
aa?anaiue 1996?.), VII eiia?an? NOOEO (Oaeai?iae, aa?anaiue 1998?.), 2-e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aeeoy/i?
ea?ae?i?aaiaoieia??” (Ee?a, aa?acaiue 1999?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 11 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue,
c ieo 4 noaoo? a aeo?iae? “Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y” oa 7 –
a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ianyaii 145
noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo aeeth/a? anooi, i’youe ?icae?e?a
?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiaee,
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ? nienie oeeoo?ii? e?oa?aoo?e (234 aeaea?aea),
yeee caeia? 25 noi??iie. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? 32 oaaeeoe? ? 5 ?enoie?a,
ye? caeiathoue 24 noi??iee.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia’?eo oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ae niinoa?aaeaiiyi ciaoiaeeeinue 504
aeeoeie a?eii 9-15 ?ie?a, o yeeo ae?aaiinoiaaii ??ci? ee?i?/i? oi?ie
AAe; aiie ia?aaoaaee ia e?eoaaii? a Ee?anueeiio i?nueeiio oeaio??
aaaaoaoeaieo aeenooieoe?e. C ieo 386 (76,6%) iino?eii i?iaeeaaee a
Ee?a?, a 118 (23,4%) aoee aaaeoeiaai? c I?ei’yo? a ea?oi?-o?aai? 1986?.
i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN.

Noai AIN o ae?oae c ??cieie ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie AAe ioe?ithaaee c
aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeno iaoiae?a. Aeo?aeiee aaaaoaoeaiee oiion aecia/aee c
aeei?enoaiiyi oaaeeoe? I.I.Aaeia (1991). Aeey ioe?iee aeo?aeiiai
aaaaoaoeaiiai oiiono aeei?enoaii oanoiaee ? eiii’thoa?iee aa??aioe
oaaeeoe? I.I.Aaeia.

Aaaaoaoeaio ?aaeoeai?noue ioe?ithaaee c aeiiiiiaith E?A ia
o?eeaiaeueiiio ea?ae?ia?ao? “Bioset-8000” o ?? noaiaea?oiiio
a?aeaaaeaii?. Aiae?coaaee aeeiai?/iee ?yae ?c 100 iine?aeiaieo oeeee?a
R-R aeei?enoiaoth/e niaoe?aeueiee ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen ia aac? AII
?AI ?N/AO-486 ca niaoe?aeueiith i?ia?aiith ?c canoinoaaiiyi
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo e?eoa???a ioe?iee (?.I.Aa?anueeee ? ni?aaao., 1984).

Aaaaoaoeaio ?aaeoeai?noue ? caaacia/ai?noue ioe?ithaaee ca aeaieie E?A
oa ee?i?ei-i?oinoaoe/ii? i?iae (EII). EII i?iaiaeeee c aei??thaaiiyi
*NN, AO ca eeane/iith iaoiaeeeith i?ae eiio?ieai AEA-iii?oi?eiao ia
aeaeo?iea?ae?iiao?? AEI-01.

Noai neiiaoe/ii? ?iia?aaoe?? oe??ieo no?oeoo? aecia/aee ia i?aenoaa?
?acoeueoao?a aiae?co ANOI. Iaoiaeeea a?oioo?oueny ia ?a?no?aoe??
oe??ii-aaeueaai?/ieo a?aeiia?aeae i?e ae?? aeaeo?e/iiai noeioeo.
Noeioeyoe?th, i?aeneeaiiy ? ?a?no?aoe?th ANOI aeeiioaaee c aeiiiiiaith
eiii’thoa?eciaaii? nenoaie aiae?co Toennies ia aeaeo?ii?ia?ao? o??ie
“Erich Jaeger” (I?ia//eia). Noeioethaaee n.medianus o ae?eyioe?
e?eoueiaiai aeaeio eiio?eaoa?aeueii? ?oee. sse aeaeo?e/iee noeioe
canoiniaoaaee ia?aaoey?i? iiiaeeiie? ?iioeuene i?yiieooii? oi?ie
o?eaae?noth 0,1 in oa ?ioaineai?noth ia ??ai? noa’?eoeaiiai aiethaiai
ii?iaa (a na?aaeiueiio aei 22 iA). Noeioee iiaeaaaee o aeiaaeeiaiio
ii?yaeeo c ?ioa?aaeii ia iaioa 15 n i?ney caanaiiy niiioaiieo oe??yieo
iioaioe?ae?a. O a?aeiia?aeue ia noeioe ona?aaeithaaee 4 ANOI.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca /ooeeaino? i?aeneethaa/a 100 ieA, o
/anoioiiio ae?aiacii? 2Aoe-5eAoe c aiioith aiae?ca 5 n, o caoaiiaiiio
caoei?cieyoe?eiiio i?ei?uaii? c iino?eiith oaiia?aoo?ith iia?o?y 22-23?N
o eaaea/iio iieiaeaii? aeeoeie i?ney iiia?aaeiuei? aaeaioaoe?? i?ioyaii
5 oa. Ioe?ithaaee eaoaioiee ia??iae aeieeiaiiy ii/aoeiaiai a?aeoeeaiiy
ANOI oa ?o aiie?ooaee.

Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie aea/aee oeyoii aeine?aeaeaiiy
ai?noo a ieaci? e?ia? oaeeo ai?iii?a: a?iio?ca?ieo – i?ieaeoeio (I?E),
ethoa?i?coth/iai (EA), oie?eoeinoeioethth/iai (ONA),
aae?aiiei?oeeio?iiiiai (AEOA), oe?io?iiiiai (OOA); iaaeie?eiaeo –
ei?oecieo; oe?i?aeieo – o?eeiaeoe?ii?io (O3), oe?ieneio (O4); noaoaaeo –
ano?aae?ieo (A2), i?iaanoa?iio ? oanoinoa?iio.

O ae?a/aoie ?c noaeei iaino?oaeueiei oeeeeii aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aiy
ai?iii?a i?iaiaeeee o oie?eoe?iiao oaco (ia 6-9-e aeaiue) oeeeeo. Caa??
e?ia? aeey ai?iiiaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaee a?ae 8 aei 10 aiae.
?aieo. Iaioeaei? oa noa?i?aei? ai?iiie aecia/aee ?aae?i?ioiieia?/iei
iaoiaeii c aeiiiiiaith a?aeiia?aeieo iaai??a. Aei??thaaiiy
?aae?iaeoeaiino? aeey A2 ? i?iaanoa?iio, iii?/aieo 3I, i?iaiaeeee ia
e?/eeueieeo “Beckman”, aeey ?aooe ai?iii?a, iii?/aieo 125?,
aeei?enoiaoaaee aaiia-e?/eeueiee “Aaiia-12”.

Aeey ooi/iaiiy ae?aaiico caoai?thaaiiy ? anoaiiaeaiiy noiooi?o oai?ia
aeei?enoiaoaaee eiii’thoa?io aeenoaioe?eio oa?iia?ao?th ia oa?iia?ao?
Oermovision 880 o??ie AGEMA (Oaaoe?y), niiia?ao?th i?aai?a /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie ia aia?ao? Hitachi LS-2400 (ssiii?y), AEA ?
OEA-aeine?aeaeaiiy ia aia?ao? Bioset-8000 (I?ia//eia). AAA aeeiioaaee ia
8-eaiaeueiiio aia?ao? o??ie “Erich Jaeger” (I?ia//eia). Niiia?ao?th
ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?iaiaeeee c aeiiiiiaith aia?aoo SAL-28A o??ie
“Toshiba” ?c canoinoaaiiyi e?i?eiiai aeao/eea c /anoioith eieeaaiue 7,5
iAoe, i?aoethth/iai a ?aaeei? ?aaeueiiai /ano.

Ca iieacaiiyie ae?oyi i?iaiaeeee eiinoeueoaoe?? niaoe?ae?no?a
(iooaeueiieia, ioi?eiiea?eiaieia, aiaeie?eiieia, o??o?a, iaa?ieia,
ineo?ao?).

Ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeeiioaaee c aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a
aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee (A.?.Eae?i, 1979). Aea/aiiy aca?iica’yce?a i?ae
iieacieeaie noaio AIN ? aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie i?iaiaeeee c aeei?enoaiiyi
iiiaeeiiiai ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiiai oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aio?ii?eiiai
aiae?c?a. Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo ?acoeueoao?a aeeiioaaee ca niaoe?aeueiith
i?ia?aiith Multifac 2.2. ia AII oeio ?AI ?N/AO.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. O aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaie
ae?oae c AAe iae/ano?oeie aoee nea?ae oea?aa?ianoai?/iiai oa?aeoa?o,
cie?aia aieiaiee a?eue – o 94,8% oai?eo, caiaii?i/aiiy – o 73,6%. I?e
oeueiio o 292 (57,9%) ae?oae a?aei?/aeanue aoiiethaai?noue, ieya?noue,
caaaeueia neaae?noue, i?eai?/ai?noue, cieaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?; o 111
(22%) – ineoiiioi?ia caoaeaeai?noue, ?noa?i?aei? ?aaeoe??, no?ao,
aiioe?eia eaa?euei?noue, ae?ao?aeea?noue.

Ia a?eue a ae?eyioe? na?oey eieth/iai ? aeaaeth/iai oa?aeoa?o
nea?aeeeenue a?eueo?noue oai?eo (72,4%). A?eue aoa ei?ioei/aniei ?
aeieeaa i?ae /an ia?aiaiai iai?oaeaiiy aac i?aai?/ieo ci?i c aieo
na?oey. Na?oeaaeooy a?aei?/aee 15 (2,9%) ae?oae. Caaeooa i?e o?ce/iiio
iaaaioaaeaii? aoea o 173 (34,3%) oai?eo. I?aai?/ieo ci?i c aieo na?oey ?
i?aai?a aeeoaiiy o oeeo ae?oae ia aeyaeaii. Ia a?ae/oooy ianoa/? iia?o?y
nea?aeeeenue 116 (23%) ae?oae, oea noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue aeeaieei aaeeoii
aac aeaeeieo i?e/ei.

A?eueoa iieiaeie oai?eo (52,2%) nea?aeeeenue ia oeoieiai-eeoeiaee
aeeneiioi?o (ioaeioa, aethaaiiy, ia/?y, a?ae?eaeea, a?eue o aeeaio?,
nianoe/iee caii?, iac’yniaaiee i?iiin). Iae/ano?oa oai?eo oo?aoaaee
ioaeioa (39,9%) ? a?eue a aeeaio? (61,9%). O 36,7% ae?oae, ca aeaieie
o?a?iacioaaiaano?iaeoiaeaiineii??, a?aei?/aeenue eaoa?aeuei? ci?ie
neeciai? iaieiiee oeoiea ? aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee. O 24,4% i?e
oeueo?acaoeiaiio aeine?aeaeaii? (OCAe) aeyaeaia aeene?iac?y
aeia/iaea?aeieo oeyo?a.

Ia oii? eaoaioiiai ? ia?iaiaioiiai ia?aa?ao AAe o 56 (11,1%) ae?oae iaea
i?noea aaaaoaoeaia e?eca (ia?ieneci). sse i?aaeei, ia?ienecie
i?iaieoaaeeny aiioe?iiaeueiei, ?icoiiaei aai o?ce/iei ia?aiai?oaeaiiyi ?
o?eaaee a?ae 3 oa. aei 3,5 aiae. O 21 aeeoeie ia?ienecie
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeenue ?yniith i?oeea?noth, a?iioa?i??th, aieai o aeeaio? c
ioaeioith, ?iiae? aethaaiiyi, i?a?aiiiiae?aiei aieiaiei aieai,
cieaeaiiyi AO, a?aae?- aai oao?ea?ae??th ? iaee aaai?inoey?iee oa?aeoa?.
O 35 ae?oae a?aei?/aeanue neiiaoeeiaae?aiaeiaa e?eca, ui
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeanue aieiaiei aieai, i?aeaeuaiiyi AO, ??ceith
oao?ea?ae??th, o 2 – ia?ieneciaeueiith, i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e o?ea,
iciiaii, iie?o???th, a?ae/oooyi o?eaiae ? no?aoo.

O 287 (56,9%) ae?oae ae?aaiinoiaaii ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie c aieo na?oey
aiane?aeie ii?ooaiiy iae?iaoii?aeueii? ?aaoeyoe??.

O an?o oai?eo a?aei?/aeanue eaa?eueia i?aeaeuaiiy aai cieaeaiiy AO aac
iciae no?eeiai i?aaiiiai aoyaiaiiy. O 96 (19%) ae?oae aeyaeaia
a?ia?oaic?y. I?e oeueiio o 83,3% c i?aeaeuaiei ??aiai AO niinoa??aaeanue
o?ii?/ia ae?y no?aniaeo oaeoi??a. Cieaeaiiy AO a?aei?/aeinue o 408 (81%)
ae?oae. Aeey oe??? a?oie oa?aeoa?iee aieiaiee a?eue, caiaii?i/aiiy,
aaaaoaoeai? ia?ienecie, ae?aaeaia ineoieia?/ia aeecaaeaioaoe?y:
aiioe?eia iai?oaeai?noue, ?iioiiae?e/i? oa o?eaiaeii-aeai?an?ei?
?aaeoe??.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eoue, ui o ae?oae c ??cieie
ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie ia?aa?ao AAe ??aaiue ooieoe?iioaaiiy AIN
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?aaaaeaiiyi aioioii?? (49,8%). Neiiaoeeioii?y
a?aei?/aia o 40,4% oai?eo, aaaioii?y – o 10%. I?e oeueiio aioioii?y
niinoa??aa?oueny iaeiaeiai /anoi ye o ae?oae c a?iioaic??th, oae ?
a?ia?oaic??th (a?aeiia?aeii o 48,5 ? 56,6%), oiae? ye o oai?eo c
a?iioaic??th cia/ii /ano?oa cono??/a?oueny aaaioii?y (40,6%), i?ae
neiiaoeeioii?y (10,9%), a o ae?oae c a?ia?oaic??th ia?aaaaea?
neiiaoeeioii?y (40,2%), aaaioii?y – eeoa o 6,2%.

O oai?eo c AAe niinoa??aaeinue cieaeaiiy aa??aoe?eiiai ?iciaoo ??O) ?
aaee/eie iiaee (Ii), a oaeiae AIi oa ?IA, ui a?aeiia?aeaei ineaaeaiith
oeaio?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy ?eoiii na?oey ? cieaeaiith aeoeaiino?
aae?aiaia?a?/ieo aieea?a. I?ia?aeiei eaiaeii ?aaoeyoe?? oeeo ci?i o
ae?oae c aaaaoaoeaieie ii?ooaiiyie ? ia?aiaee (68%).

Aiae?coth/e iieacieee E?A caeaaeii a?ae ee?i?/ii? oi?ie AAe, ie
anoaiiaeee aeineoue noaoenoe/ii cia/ouo ??cieoeth. O ae?oae a ANAe
niinoa??aaeanue noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy AIi oa ?IA c
iaeii/aniei ciaioaiiyi aaee/eie ?O ? Ii (oaae.1). A?aei?/ai? ia E?A
ci?ie o oai?eo c ANAe na?ae/aoue i?i i?aeneeaiiy neiiaoe/iiai aieeao AIN
? c?inoaiiy aeoeaiino? oeaio?aeueiiai eiioo?o oi?aae?iiy. Oea aeineoue
aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iiiaeueiiai
noaoono ? oeaio?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee. Aeacai? ci?ie a?aeia?aaeathoue
aeoeaaoe?th neiiaoe/ii? eaiee AIN ? coiiaeththoue ?icaeoie
a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai neiae?iio o oai?eo c ANAe.

Aeey oai?eo c IOeAe, ye na?ae/aoue aeai? oaae.1, oa?aeoa?ia noaoenoe/ii
aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy cia/aiue AIi (ia 26%) ? ?O (ia 16%). I?e oeueiio
a noai? niieith ?IA noaoenoe/ii ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae iieacieea a?oie
ii??aiyiiy (?>0,05), aea a i?oiiieiaeaii? oeae iieaciee cia/ii
ca?eueooaaany. Oea aeaco? ia iaeii/ania i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino?
neiiaoe/iiai ? ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?e?a AIN o oai?eo aeaii? a?oie.
Ioaea, o oai?eo c IOeAe aaoiiiiiee ? oeaio?aeueiee eiioo?e oi?aae?iiy
ciaoiaeyoueny a noai? i?aeaeuaiiai oiiono, a cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy ?IA a
i?oiiieiaeaii? na?ae/eoue i?i ia?aiai?oaeaiiy aaeaioeaieo iiaeeeainoae
i?aai?cio. Naia oiio o ae?oae c IOeAe aeineoue /anoi ?icaeaa?oueny
neiae?ii aeecaaeaioaoe??.

O oai?eo c IAI (oaae. 1) niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia cieaeaiiy oaeeo
ia?aiao??a E?A ye ?O (ia 36%), Ii (ia 12,5%), AIi (ia 30%) oa ?IA (ia
20%). Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui i?e IAI a?aeaoaa?oueny cieaeaiiy
aeoeaiino? ye neiiaoe/iiai, oae ? ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?e?a AIN, a
oaeiae iaeii/ania i?aeneeaiiy aaoiiiiiino? neioniaiai aocea, ine?eueee
cieaeaiee iieaciee AI? (oaae. 1). E??i oiai, o oai?eo c IAI i?e
ia?aoiae? a i?oiiieiaeaiiy cia/ii ca?eueoo?oueny ?IA ? eiao?oe??io, ui
a?aeia?aaea? a?aeiioaiiy ?IA a i?oi-ee?iinoaoe/iiio iieiaeaii? (oaae.1);
oea na?ae/eoue i?i c?ea aaeaioaoe?eii-eiiiainaoi?ieo iaoai?ci?a
?aaoeyoe?? ae?yeueiino? na?oey.

Io?eiai? aeai? iieacothoue, ui o ae?oae c aaaaoaoeaieie aeenooieoe?yie
ia?aaaaeathoue aneiiaoeeioii?/iee ? a?ia?ae?anoie?/iee aa??aioe EII.
Cie?aia, aneiiaoeeioii?/iee oei, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeinoaoith
?aaeoe?th neiiaoeei-aae?aiaeiai? nenoaie, a?aei?/aany o iieiaeie oai?eo
(50,4%). I?e/iio oeae aa??aio aeaui /ano?oa cono??/aany o ae?oae c
a?iioaic??th (52,1%), i?ae c a?ia?oaic??th (43,6%). Iaeaea aeey iieiaeie
oai?eo (49%) c aaaaoaoeaieie aeenooieoe?yie ca iayaiino? a?ia?oaic??
oa?aeoa?iee a?ia?ae?anoie?/iee aa??aio EII, i?e yeiio a?aeaoaa?oueny
?cieueiaaia i?aeaeuaiiy ae?anoie?/iiai oeneo ii?yae c iaci?iaiei aai
iaa?oue cieaeaiei nenoie?/iei, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy ioeueniaiai
oeneo. Oea iaea?eueo aeecaaeaioiaaiee aa??aio EII, yeee na?ae/eoue i?i
iaaeinoaoi? aaaaoaoeaia caaacia/aiiy, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny i?aeaeuaiiyi
caaaeueiiia?eoa?e/iiai iii?o. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui a?ia?ae?anoie?/iee
aa??aio EII a?aei?/a?oueny o 42,9% c a?iioaic??th, ui aea? ?ioi?iaoe?th
i?i i?eoiaai? a?ia?oaiceai? ?aaeoe??. ?io? oeie EII
(a?ia?neiiaoeeioii?/iee, neiiaoeeioii?/iee, anoaiineiiaoeeioii?/iee)
niinoa??aathoueny o ae?oae c AAe aeineoue ??aeei.

C?noaaeaiiy oei?a EII ? ee?i?/ii? oi?ie AAe iieaco?, ui
aneiiaoeeioii?/iee oei iae/ano?oa niinoa??aaany i?e ia?ieneciaeuei?e
oi?i? AAe (67,4%). I?e i?e iiaeeeaa /anoi ciie?iiy, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oeiii EII, yeee a?aeia?aaea? ?icaeoie i?oinoaoe/ii?
a?iioaic??, iia’ycaii? ?c ciaioaiiyi iiceiaiai e?iaioieo aiane?aeie
iaaeinoaoiuei? aeoeaiino? neiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?eo AIN. A?ia?ae?anoie?/iee
oei EII /ano?oa cono??/aany i?e ANAe (a 65,6% oai?eo).

I?e ioe?ioe? aaeaioaoe?eii-i?enoinoaaeueieo iaoai?ci?a aeyaeaii ?oi?
cieaeaiiy o 43,5% oai?eo c AAe, iae/ano?oa o ae?oae c a?ia?oaic??th
(54,9%). Iaaei??iee oei aaaaoaoeaiiai caaacia/aiiy a?aei?/aii o 21,7%
oai?eo, ii?iaeueiee – o 34,8%.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ANOI o 92,6% oai?eo c AAe aeyaeai? ci?ie eaoaioiiai
ia??iaeo aai aiie?ooaee ANOI. Eaoaioiee ia??iae, ca?a?no?iaaiee c
aeieiiii? iiaa?oi? ?oe ? i?aeioiaii? iiaa?oi? noii, aoa nei?i/aiee,
iniaeeai cia/ii ciaiooaaeanue eaoaioe?y c? noii (oaae.2). Aiie?ooaea
ANOI o ae?oae c AAe ye c iiaa?oi? eenoae, oae ? noii c?inoaea, ye
i?aaeei, a?eueo i?ae o 2 ?ace (oaae.2).

I?e aiae?c? eiao?oe??io?a, ye? aeiaeaoeiai ia/enethaaee ia iniia?
ia?aiao??a EII, caa?oa? oaaao cia/ia aneiao??y aiie?ooaee ? eaoaioiiai
ia??iaeo ANOI c eenoae ? noii ni?aaa-ce?aa. Ia?aaaaeaiiy aneiao??? e?ai?
aai i?aai? e?ioe?aee a oe?eiio ii a?oi? ia iaei /?oei? caeiiii??iino?,
aea o 85% ae?oae c ia?ieneciaeueiith oi?iith AAe ia?aaaaeaee ia?aiao?e
ANOI e?ai? noi?iie. Uiaei ??cieoe? aiie?ooaee ANOI ia aa?oi?o oa ieaei?o
e?ioe?aeao (?inoi-eaoaeaeueia aeennioe?aoe?y), oi ?? aaee/eia o oai?eo c
AAe ci?ithaaeanue iacia/ii, ine?eueee aiie?ooaea ANOI ca?eueoo?oueny ia
eenoyo ? noiiao i?aeoe/ii i?iii?oe?eii (a?aeiia?aeii o 72,2 ? 70,4%
ae?oae).

Ioaea, aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/ai? aaniethoi?
cia/aiiy iieaciee?a ANOI – aiie?ooaee ? eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ia aa?oi?o
oa ieaei?o e?ioe?aeao o oai?eo c AAe. Iiae?aieo aeaieo a e?oa?aoo??
iaia?. Aiie aeaee i?aenoaao eiinoaooaaoe, ui o ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino?
oai?eo c o?aaeaiiyi AIN ona?aaeiai? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a ANOI
a?aeoeeythoueny a?ae ii?iaeueieo ia?aiao??a ia?aaaaeii a a?e cia/iiai
ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee ? a?aeiiniiai nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo.
E??i oiai, niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia aneiao??y iieaciee?a ANOI –
ia??aiii??i?noue nooiaiy ci?ie ia?aiao??a ANOI ia i?aaeo ? e?aeo
e?ioe?aeao.

I?e ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio aiae?c? iieaciee?a ANOI aeyaeeinue, ui
i?aeaeuaiiy aiie?ooaee iioaioe?ae?a ia eenoyo ? noiiao c iaeii/aniei
nei?i/aiiyi eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo niinoa??aa?oueny o 18,5% oai?eo. O 13%
ae?oae c AAe a?aei?/aeinue iaeii/ania nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ?
aiie?ooaee ANOI, o 7,4% – iaeii/ania ca?eueoaiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo oa
ciaioaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI. Nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ? i?aeaeuaiiy
aiie?ooaee ANOI o oai?eo c AAe iiaeia iiynieoe ia i?aenoaa? ?ai?oa
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue (I.I.Aaei, A.A.Aeaieeia, 1992). C iaeiiai
aieo, i/aaeaeii, o ae?oae c AAe niinoa??aa?oueny ???eoaoe?y niaoeeo?/ieo
? ianiaoeeo?/ieo aeoeaaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, ye? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny
aeaeo?e/ieie ci?iaie c oaiaeaioe??th aei cieaeaiiy ii?iaa
aeaiiey?ecaoe?? oeaio?aeueieo iae?ii?a, nei?i/oth/e /an iie?neiaioe/ii?
ia?aaea/?. Iiaeeeaa oaeiae aeeth/aiiy ?ioeo iaoai?ci?a, ui iieaaoothoue
/an oeaio?aeueii? cao?eiee, ? oea a?aeia?aaea?oueny o iacia/iiio
nei?i/aii? eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI. C ae?oaiai aieo, oe? nai?
iaoai?cie, iiaeeeai, caaacia/othoue a?eueo iiooaeiee caei aoa?aioii?
neiiaoe/ii? aeoeaiino?, ui ca?eueoo? aeoeai?noue iioiaeo caeic ?
i?iyaey?oueny o i?aeaeuaii? aiie?ooaee ANOI.

Aeyaeaia o /anoee oai?eo c AAe iaeii/ania iiaeiaaeaiiy eaoaioiiai
ia??iaeo ? cieaeaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI a?aeia?aaea? cao?eieo oeaio?aeueieo
i?ioean?a ? oiia?eueiaiiy i?iaaaeaiiy aoa?aioiiai ?iioeueno ii
iinoaaiae?iia?ieo aieieiao, a cieaeaiiy aiie?ooaee ? iane?aeeii
aaia?aoe?? a?eueo neaaeiai ieno?aeiiai neaiaeo. Ia aeoieo I.I.Aaeia,
A.A.Aeaieeiaa (1992), aiaeia?/i? ci?ie ANOI oa?aeoa?i? aeey i?aai?/ieo
o?aaeaiue naaiaioa?ieo aaaaoaoeaieo no?oeoo?.

Oe?eaaeie ? ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ia?aiao??a ANOI o oai?eo
c ??cieie ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie AAe. Oae, o ae?oae c IOeAe niinoa??aa?oueny
iaea?eueoa nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI c eenoae oa noii, oiae?
ye i?e ANAe iaecia/i?oa i?aeaeuo?oueny aiie?ooaea iioaioe?ae?a c eenoae
? noii. I?e oeueiio o ae?oae c IOeAe aeinoia??ii cia/eii i?aeaeuaia
?inoi-eaaeoaeueia aeenioe?aoe?y. Ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai iiaeia i?eionoeoe,
ui i?e IOeAe ?noioii ciaioo?oueny oeaio?aeueia cao?eiea neaiae?a,
i/aaeaeii, aiane?aeie cia/ii? aeoeaaoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio iaaieo
a?aeae?e?a aieiaiiai iiceo. O ae?oae c ANAe i?aeaeuaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI
? iane?aeeii ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? aoyaiaieo o a?aeiia?aeue iioiaeo
caeic, ui nae?aoothoue. Oea ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie E?A, ui
na?ae/aoue i?i i?aeneeaiiy neiiaoe/iiai aieeao AIN o oai?eo aeaii?
a?oie.

I?e aiae?c? ia?aiao??a ANOI o oai?eo c ANAe caeaaeii a?ae aaee/eie AO
aeyaeeinue, ui o ae?oae c a?ia?oaic??th niinoa??aa?oueny aneiao?e/i?noue
iieaciee?a ia e?ioe?aeao, a oaeiae ni?aaa aai ce?aa. I?e oeueiio
a?aeaoaa?oueny cia/ia nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI c iiaa?oi?
noii ? iiaeiaaeaiiy c i?aai? eeno?. Aneiao?e/i?noue oa?aeoa?ia oaeiae
aeey aiie?ooaee ANOI, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny cia/iei ca?eueoaiiyi
eiao?oe??ioa aneiao??? aiie?ooaee. Iniaeeai cia/eii c?inoaea
?inoi-eaoaeaeueia aeenioe?aoe?y ? ?? eiao?oe??io ca?eueooaaany aei
520,0?46,1%. Aeey oai?eo c a?iioaiceaiei oeiii ANAe iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ia
cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI, iniaeeai c iiaa?oi? aeieiiae, yea
c?inoaea a 8-10 ? a?eueoa ?ac?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo aeaieo iiaeia ae?eoe aeniiaeo, ui nai???aei?noue
iaoa?ia ci?i ANOI o ae?oae c a?ia?oaiceaiei oeiii ANAe na?ae/eoue i?i
o?aaeaiiy aaaaoaoeaieo iae?ii?a, ia ui ?ai?oa caa?ioee oaaao I.I. Aaei
oa A.A.Aeaieeia (1992).

O oai?eo c IAI, ia?aa?a yei? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny neiiaoiaae?aiaeiaeie
e?ecaie, niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI c
iiaa?oi? noii ? ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee iioaioe?ae?a, a?eueo cia/eii c
iiaa?oi? aeieiiae. Ia?aaaaeaiiy aiie?ooaee c iiaa?oi? aeieiiae
a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia ca?eueoaii? iieacieea ?inoi-eaoaeaeueii?
aeenioe?aoe??.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ANOI o ae?oae c AAe, ye? iino?eii
i?iaeeaathoue a Ee?a?, oa aaaeoeiaaieo c I?ei’yo?, ia aeyaeee ?noioii?
??cieoe?. Caa?oa? ia oaaao oaiaeaioe?y aei a?eueo aeniei? aiie?ooaee
ANOI o ae?oae c AAe, ye? iino?eii i?iaeeaathoue a Ee?a?. Aiie?ooaea
iioaioe?ae?a aoea noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii ??ciith o?eueee c iiaa?oi?
e?ai? ieaeiuei? e?ioe?aee. E??i oiai, o ae?oae c AAe, ye? iino?eii
i?iaeeaathoue a Ee?a?, eiao?oe??io aneiao??? ?inoi-eaoaeaeueii?
aeenioe?aoe?? aoa iaeaea o 2 ?ace aeuee – 112,7?30,5%, i?ae o oai?eo,
aaaeoeiaaieo c I?ei’yo? – 65,9?14,4% (?<0,05). Io?eiai? aeai?, c iaeiiai aieo, aeacothoue ia iaeiini?yiiaai?noue ci?i aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue o ae?oae i.Ee?aa ? aaaeoeiaaieo c I?ei’yo?, ye? coiiaeai?, i/aaeaeii, iaoieia??th AIN. C ae?oaiai aieo, aaeeea ?ica?aei?noue a cia/aiiyo eiao?oe??ioa aneiao??? ?inoi-eaoaeaeueii? aeenioe?aoe?? na?ae/eoue, ia aeoieo E.E. *aaioa?ueiai? (1993), i?i aoyaiaiiy o iaoieia?/iee i?ioean iaaenaaiaioa?ieo aaaaoaoeaieo oeaio??a. Aeey oai?eo c AAe oa?aeoa?ia aeoeaaoe?y a?iio?ca?ii-iaaeie?eiai? ? neiiaoeei-aae?aiaeiai? nenoai, ui i?iyaey?oueny o ca?eueoaii? ??aiy AEOA oa ei?oecieo a e?ia?, a oaeiae o i?aeaeuaii? aeiaiai? aene?aoe?? aae?aiae?io, ii?aae?aiae?io ? AeIOA. I?e c?noaaeaii? ci?i a nenoai? a?iio?c-iaaeie?ieee caeaaeii a?ae ee?i?/ieo iniaeeainoae caoai?thaaiiy aeyaeaia ?noioia ??cieoey. Cie?aia, cia/ii ca?eueoo?oueny ??aaiue AEOA ? ei?oecieo o oai?eo c IAI, i?aeaeuoth/enue o 1,5-2 ?ace. E??i oiai, cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny aene?aoe?y ?c na/ith aae?aiae?io, ii?aae?aiae?io ? AeIOA. ??aaiue AEOA ? ei?oecieo o oai?eo c ANAe oa IOeAe i?aeoe/ii ia ??cieany, aea o ae?oae c ANAe ??cei cieaeoaaeanue aene?aoe?y aae?aiae?io ? ii?aae?aiae?io, ui, i/aaeaeii, na?ae/eoue i?i i?eai?/aiiy ai?iiiaeueii? eaiee neiiaoeei-aae?aiaeiai? nenoaie. O a?oi? oai?eo c IAI oaeiae aeyaeai? ?noioi? a?aei?iiino? a noai? nenoaie a?iio?c-iaaeie?ieee, ye? aecia/aeenue oa?aeoa?ii e?ece. Oae, o oai?eo c IAI, o yeeo ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy oa?aeoa?ecoaaany neiiaoeei-aae?aiaeiaeie e?ecaie, niinoa??aaeinue cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy ei?oecieo ? ??cei c?inoaea aene?aoe?y aae?aiae?io, ii?aae?aiae?io ? AeIOA. Uiaei ??aiy AEOA a e?ia?, oi a?i iaa eeoa oaiaeaioe?th aei ca?eueoaiiy. O ae?oae c AAe, ye? iino?eii i?iaeeaathoue o i.Ee?a?, niinoa??aa?oueny aeinoia??ia i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo ei?oecieo ii??aiyii c iieacieeaie a?oie ii??aiyiiy ? o ae?oae, aaaeoeiaaieo ?c ciie aaa??? ia *AAN. Uiaei ae?oae aaaeoeiaaieo c i.I?ei’yo?, oi o ieo a?aei?/aeanue o?eueee oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy ai?noo ei?oecieo ii??aiyii c a?eiaith ii?iith. O ae?oae c i.Ee?aa c aenieei ??aiai ei?oecieo a e?ia? niinoa??aathoueny ? a?eueo aenie? iieacieee AEOA: a na?aaeiueiio ii a?oi? 61,8?3,7 ia/ie. O aaaeoeiaaieo c I?ei’yo? ae?oae oeae iieaciee noaiiaea 35,1?1,1 ia/ie, oiae? ye o a?oi? ii??aiyiiy 25,8?3,7 ia/ie. O ieo oaeiae cieaeaia aene?aoe?y eaoaoieai?i?a. Oe? ci?ie a nenoai? a?iio?c-iaaeie?ieee iiaeia ioe?ieoe o ae?oae, iioa?i?eeo a?ae ae?? oaeoi??a aaa??? ia *AAN, ye aeniaaeaiiy ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae neiiaoeei-aae?aiaeiai? nenoaie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?eueo ae?aaeaia cieaeaiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio. O ae?oae c AAe iieacieee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio a?iio?ca?ii-oe?i?aeii? nenoaie (OOA, O3, O4) iaei a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae ii?ie. Niinoa??aaeanue o?eueee oaiaeaioe?y aei a?eueo aenieiai ai?noo OOA ? a?eueo iecueeeo cia/aiue caaaeueiiai oe?ieneio ? o?eeiaeoe?ii?io. Aeai? i?i ai?no ai?iii?a nenoaie a?iio?c-aiiaaee a e?ia? ae?oae ia?aae- ? ioaa?oaoiiai a?eo na?ae/aoue, ui aeey oai?eo c AAe oa?aeoa?ia i?aeaeuaiiy ??ai?a EA, ano?aae?ieo ? oanoinoa?iio. I?e oeueiio noai a?iio?ca?ii-aiiaaeii? nenoaie o oai?eo iaei caeaaeeoue a?ae ee?i?/ii? oi?ie AAe. O?eueee i?e IAI a?aei?/a?oueny a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue i?iaanoa?iio – 3,18?0,38 iiieue/e (?<0,01) ? cia/ia cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ano?aae?ieo – 88,7?1,6 iiieue/e (?<0,001). Aeyaeaia iaie ca?eueoaiiy ??aiy EA o ae?oae c AAe ei?aeth? c i?aeaeuaiei ai?noii ei?oecieo, ine?eueee a?aeiii, ui EA noeioeth? neioac noa?i?aeieo ai?iii?a ca oei naiei iaoai?ciii, ui e AEOA (Aeae.Oaiia?iai, O.Oaiia?iai, 1989). O ae?oae, aaaeoeiaaieo c I?ei’yo?, a?aei?/a?oueny a?eueo aenieee ai?no ONA ii??aiyii c oaeei o ae?oae, ye? iino?eii i?iaeeaathoue o Ee?a?, a oaeiae c a?oiith ii??aiyiiy. E??i oiai, caa?oa? ia oaaao oa, ui o ae?a/aoie, aaaeoeiaaieo c I?ei’yo?, niinoa??aa?oueny a?eueo iecueeee ??aaiue ano?aae?ieo ? oanoinoa?iio ii??aiyii c oaeeie o ae?oae, ye? iino?eii i?iaeeaathoue o Ee?a?, aea i?e oeueiio ?o ??aaiue ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae iieacieea o ae?oae a?oie ii??aiyiiy. Iaaaaeai? aeua aeai? aeacothoue, ui i?e AAe o ae?oae niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia ??ciiiai?oi?noue ci?i iae?iaiaeie?eiiiai noaoono. Oea ?noioii oo?oaeith? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ci?ie ooieoe?iioaaiiy AIN ? aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie i?e ??cieo ee?i?/ieo oi?iao caoai?thaaiiy. Oiio iaa?oue o aeiaaeeao aeinoia??ii? ??cieoe? a na?aaei?o cia/aiiyo ia?aiao??a ia iiaeia ca ??aiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo cia/aiue a?aeianoe oai?iai aei o??? /e ?ioi? a?oie aiane?aeie aaeeeeo ?iceeae?a ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo cia/aiue iieaciee?a. Oiio aeey ?icoi?iiy nooiino? iae?iaiaeie?eiieo ii?ooaiue i?e iaoieia?? iaiao?aeii ?icaeyaeaoe nenoaio oa ?? eiiiiiaioe o aca?iica’yceo ?? neeaaeiaeo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aca?iica’yce?a ia?aiao??a iae?iaiaeie?eii?e nenoai? iiaeeeaa ia iniia? iiiaeeiiiai ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiiai aiae?co. Aca?iica’ycee aea/aee i?ae oaeeie ia?aiao?aie E?A, ye ?O, Ii, AIi, ?IA, a oaeiae ??aiai ei?oecieo ? ano?aae?ieo. ?acoeueoaoe iiiaeeiiiai ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiiai aiae?co oeeo iieaciee?a aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui nooi?iue aca?iica’yceo i?ae ieie aecia/a?oueny ee?i?/ieie iniaeeainoyie ? oa?aeoa?ii ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy. Ia ?en.1 a?ao?/ii i?aaenoaaeai? aca?iica’ycee ia?aiao??a aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie oa AIN o oai?eo c ANAe, IOeAe ? IAI. O oai?eo c IOeAe aaee/eia eiao?oe??io?a iiiaeeiii? ei?aeyoe?? i?ae iieacieeaie, ui aea/aeeny, aeineoue noaa?eueia ? ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao 0,5-0,7. I?e ANAe iacaeaaeii a?ae a?ia?- aai a?iioaic?? nooi?iue aca?iica’yce?a i?ae a?eueo?noth iieaciee?a iae?iaiaeie?eiii? nenoaie cia/ii c?inoa? ? eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? ia?aaeuothoue 0,7 (?en.1). O oai?eo c IAI niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia ciaioaiiy aaee/eie eiao?oe??io?a ei?aeyoe?? ? ?o cia/aiiy ia ia?aaeuo? 0,5. Oe? ?acoeueoaoe na?ae/aoue, ui o oai?eo c ANAe i?aeneeaiee aca?iica’ycie i?ae ??aiai ei?oecieo ? aeayeeie ia?aiao?aie E?A, cie?aia iieacieeaie ?IA oa AIi. Oea, i/aaeaeii, a?aeia?aaea? iai?oaeai?noue i?ioean?a o iae?iaiaeie?eii?e nenoai?, ni?yiiaaieo ia i?aeo?eieo aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio. I?e IAI o iae?iaiaeie?eii?e nenoai? a?aeaoaa?oueny iineaaeaiiy aca?iica’yce?a, niinoa??aa?oueny nai???aeia “aeenei?aeyoe?y” i?ae ??cieie ia?aiao?aie. I?iaaaeaiee ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aio?ii?eiee aiae?c iieaciee?a E?A, ei?oecieo oa ano?aae?ieo o ae?oae c AAe aeicaieea ia/eneeoe iniiai? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oa?aeoa?enoeee: eiao?oe??ioe aio?ii?? (I), a?aeiinii? aio?ii?? (h) oa iaaei??iino? (R). Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iieacaee, ui eiao?oe??io ?ioaa?aeueii? aio?ii?? aeuee o oai?eo c IAI (7,410), i?ae i?e ANAe (6,031). A?aeiia?aeii ?ioaa?aeueiee eiao?oe??io aio?ii?? aeey oai?eo c ANAe noaiiaeoue 0,768 ? ieae/ee, i?ae o ae?oae c IAI (0,947). Oea aeaco? ia cia/ii a?eueoo iaaecia/ai?noue noaio iae?iaiaeie?eiii? nenoaie o ae?oae c IAI, ?? iaioo oii?yaeeiaai?noue ? i?aai?ciaai?noue. ?acoeueoaoe ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aio?ii?eiiai aiae?co ocaiaeaeothoueny c aeaieie, io?eiaieie i?e ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiiio aiae?c? iieaciee?a noaio iae?iaiaeie?eiii? nenoaie. I/aaeaeii, i?e a?eueoee iaoii?yaeeiaaiino? ? iaaecia/aiino? noaio iae?iaiaeie?eiii? nenoaie o oai?eo c IAI aca?iica’ycee i?ae iieacieeaie, ui ?? oa?aeoa?ecothoue, cia/ii iineaaeththoueny ? aaee/eia eiao?oe??io?a iiiaeeiii? ei?aeyoe?? ciaioo?oueny. ?iia??ii, c i?ia?anoaaiiyi caoai?thaaiiy aio?ii?y iae?iaiaeie?eiii? nenoaie iinooiiai ia?inoa? ? oea iiaea aooe iani?eyoeeaei oaeoi?ii ?eceeo i?ia?anoaaiiy oai?iae. Aeaia i?eiouaiiy ocaiaeaeo?oueny c oei, ui eiao?oe??io iaaei??iino? ?ioi?iaoe?? (R) cia/ii ieae/ee o oai?eo c IAI (4,7%) ii??aiyii c aaee/eiith o ae?oae c ANAe (22,3%). Iecuee? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa iaaei??iino? ?ioi?iaoe?? o oai?eo c IAI na?ae/aoue i?i e?eciaee noai iae?iaiaeie?eiii? nenoaie, ui iiaea iaoe ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy aeey i?ia?anoaaiiy caoai?thaaiiy ? aeiaaa? i?iaaaeaiiy aaeaeaaoii? oa?ai??. AENIIAEE 1. O ae?oae c AAe a?aei?/athoueny cia/i? ci?ie aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaco, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae ??aiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy AIN ? aecia/athoue iniaeeaino? ??cieo ee?i?/ieo oi?i aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue. Noai aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaco o ae?oae c AAe oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?aaaaeaiiyie aioioii?? oa neiiaoeeioii??, a aaaaoaoeaia ?aaeoeai?noue – ia?aaaaeaiiyi aneiiaoeeioii?/iiai (o 50,4%) ? a?ia?ae?anoie?/iiai (o 44,1%) oei?a EII, a oaeiae cieaeaiiyi aaeaioaoe?eii-i?enoinoaaeueieo iaoai?ci?a (o 43,5%). 2. O 92,6% ae?oae c AAe aeyaeai? ci?ie eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo aai aiie?ooaee ANOI. Iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?iei ? nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI, ca?a?no?iaaiiai c aeieiiae iiaa?oi? ?oe ? i?aeioiaii? iiaa?oi? noii, a oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI, yea c?inoaea a?eueo i?ae o 3 ?ace. Niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia aneiao??y aiie?ooaee ? eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI c eenoae oa noii ni?aaa-ce?aa. Aeyaeai? ci?ie na?ae/aoue i?i ???eoaoe?th niaoeeo?/ieo ? ianiaoeeo?/ieo aeoeaaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o ae?oae c AAe, ui aeeeeeathoue cieaeaiiy ii?iao aeaiiey?ecaoe?? oeaio?aeueieo iae?ii?a, nei?i/oth/e /an iie?neiaioe/ii? ia?aaea/? oa caaacia/oth/e a?eueo iiooaeiee caei aoa?aioii? neiiaoe/ii? aeoeaaiino?; oea ca?eueoo? aeoeai?noue iioiaeo caeic, i?aeaeuoth/e aiie?ooaeo ANOI. 3. I?e aiae?c? iieaciee?a E?A aeyaeaia caeaaei?noue ?o a?ae ee?i?/ii? oi?ie AAe. Oae, o ae?oae c ANAe niinoa??aa?oueny noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy AIi oa ?IA c iaeii/aniei ciaioaiiyi aaee/ei ?O ? Ii, ui na?ae/eoue i?i i?aeneeaiiy oeaio?aeueiiai eiioo?o oi?aae?iiy. Aeey oai?eo c IOeAe oa?aeoa?ia noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy cia/aiue AIi (ia 26%) ? ?O (ia 16%) ia oii? iaci?iaiiai ?IA, ui aeaco? ia iaeii/ania i?aeaeuaiiy oiiono neiiaoe/iiai ? ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?e?a AIN oa ia?aiai?oaeaiiy aaeaioeaieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio. O oai?eo c IAI niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia cieaeaiiy oaeeo ia?aiao??a, ye ?O (ia 36%), Ii (ia 12,5%), AIi (ia 30%) oa ?IA (a?eueo i?ae ia 20%), ui na?ae/eoue i?i cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? neiiaoe/iiai ? ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?e?a AIN, a oaeiae iaeii/ania i?aeneeaiiy aaoiiiiiino? neioniaiai aocea. 4. O ae?oae c IOeAe a?aei?/a?oueny iaea?eueoa nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI c eenoae ? noii, i?aeaeuaiiy ?inoi-eaoaeaeueii? aeenioe?aoe??, oiae? ye i?e ANAe iaea?eueo cia/eii ca?eueoo?oueny aiie?ooaea iioaioe?ae?a c eenoae ? noii. Oea aeaco? ia ?noioia cieaeaiiy i?e IOeAe oeaio?aeueii? cao?eiee neaiae?a, i/aaeaeii, a ?acoeueoao? cia/ii? aeoeaaoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio iaaieo a?aeae?e?a OeIN, oiae? ye o ae?oae c ANAe ci?ie ANOI ? iane?aeeii ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? aoyaiaieo o a?aeiia?aeue iioiaeo caeic, ui nae?aoothoue, aiane?aeie i?aeneeaiiy neiiaoe/iiai aieeao AIN o ae?oae oe??? a?oie. O oai?eo c IAI iieacieeee ANOI caeaaeaoue a?ae oa?aeoa?o e?ece. 5. I?e AAe o ae?oae a?aeaoaa?oueny aeoeaaoe?y a?iio?ca?ii-iaaeie?eiai? nenoaie, yea ia?, i/aaeaeii, aaeaioaoe?eiee oa?aeoa? ? ??ciini?yiiaai? ci?ie, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae ee?i?/ii? oi?ie caoai?thaaiiy. Iieacieee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio a?iio?ca?ii-oe?i?aeii? nenoaie ci?iththoueny iaei, a aeey a?iio?ca?ii-aiiaaeii? nenoaie oa?aeoa?ia i?aeaeuaiiy ??ai?a EA, ano?aae?ieo ? oanoinoa?iio. I?e oeueiio noai a?iio?ca?ii-aiiaaeii? nenoaie o oai?eo iaei caeaaeeoue a?ae ee?i?/ii? oi?ie AAe. O?eueee i?e IAI a?aei?/a?oueny a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue i?iaanoa?iio ? cia/ia cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ano?aae?ieo. 6. O ae?oae c AAe, aaaeoeiaaieo ?c ciie aaa??? ia *AAN, niinoa??aa?oueny a?eueo cia/ia cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a ?O oa ?IA ia oii? i?aeaeuaiiy aaee/eie Ii, iniaeeai i?e a?iioaic??, ui ?icoe?ith?oueny ye cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? neiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?eo AIN ? i?aeaeuaiiy ia?aneiiaoe/iiai. Ci?ie a nenoai? a?iio?c-iaaeie?ieee oa?aeoa?i? aeey aeniaaeaiiy ?aca?aieo iiaeeeainoae neiiaoeei-aae?aiaeiai? nenoaie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i a?eueo ae?aaeaia cieaeaiiy aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio. Aeey a?iio?ca?ii-oe?i?aeii? nenoaie o ae?oae c AAe ia aeanoea? aoaeue-ye? niaoeeo?/i? ci?ie. Cia/i? ci?ie aeyaeai? a noai? a?iio?ca?ii-aiiaaeii? nenoaie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue o ae?a/aoie 10-11 ?ie?a aeinoia??iei cieaeaiiyi, a 12-13 ?ie?a – i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy ONA, o ae?a/aoie 14-15 ?ie?a – cieaeaiiyi ??aiy i?ieaeoeio ? i?aeaeuaiiyi ano?aae?ieo. 7. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o oai?eo c IOeAe aaee/eia eiao?oe??io?a iiiaeeiii? ei?aeyoe?? i?ae ia?aiao?aie iae?iaiaeie?eiii? nenoaie aeineoue noaa?eueia ? ciaoiaeeoueny o iaaeao 0,5-0,7. I?e ANAe nooi?iue aca?iica’yce?a i?ae a?eueo?noth iieaciee?a cia/ii i?aeaeuo?oueny ? eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? ia?aaeuo? 0,7, oiae? ye o oai?eo c IAI niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia ciaioaiiy aaee/eie eiao?oe??io?a ei?aeyoe??, ui ia ia?aaeuo? 0,5. I?e IAI aio?ii?y iae?iaiaeie?eiii? nenoaie iinooiiai ia?inoa?, a iecuee? cia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa iaaei??iino? ?ioi?iaoe?? o oe?e a?oi? oai?eo na?ae/eoue i?i e?eciaee noai iae?iaiaeie?eiii? nenoaie, ui iiaea iaoe ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy aeey i?ia?anoaaiiy caoai?thaaiiy ? aeiaaa? i?iaaaeaiiy aaeaeaaoiiai e?eoaaiiy. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1.I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue aaaaeaoe iaoiae ANOI aeineoue ?ioi?iaoeaiei c oi/ee ci?o ia’?eoeaii? e?euee?nii? ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio naaiaioa?iiai aia?aoo ? oeaio?aeueii? eaiee oe??ii-neiiaoe/iiai ?aoeaeno o ae?oae c AAe. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ANOI aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe a eiiieaeniiio ee?i?ei-iae?io?c?ieia?/iiio ianoaaeaii? oai?eo c o?aaeaiiyi AIN ? aeey cae?eniaiiy iioi/iiai ia’?eoeaiiai eiio?ieth ca aoaeoeai?noth e?eoaaiiy. 2. Eiiieaenia ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy ?c canoinoaaiiyi E?A, EII, ANOI, a oaeiae ioe?iea ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono aeicaieythoue aeae?eeoe a?oie ae?oae c IOeAe, ANAe ? IAI, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ?iaeea?aeoae?coaaoe oa?ai?th caoai?thaaiiy. 3. Aeyaeai? ??ciini?yiiaai? ii?ooaiiy ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono o ae?oae c AAe, iniaeeai o aaaeoeiaaieo ?c ciie aaa??? ia *AAN, iiaeooue iaoe a?aeaeaeai? iane?aeee i?e iiaeaeueoiio oi?ioaaii? ae?ii/iai i?aai?cio, noaiiaeaii? ?oiuei? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii? ooieoe??. A ?acoeueoao? iae?iaiaeie?eiii? aeac?ioaa?aoe?? iiaeeeaa a iaeaooiueiio ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iooeei aiaeie?eiieo caeic ? ai?iiiicaeaaeieo i?aai?a, ui aeiaaa? oi?ioaaiiy a?oi ?eceeo c iaoith nai?/anii? ae?aaiinoeee ? ei?aeoe?? ai?iiiaeueieo ii?ooaiue. NIENIE IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeeee ?a?no?aoe?? aeeeeeaieo neiiaoe/ieo oe??ieo iioaioe?ae?a aeey ae?aaiinoeee aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue o ae?oae // Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y.-1998.- N3.- N.51-53. 2. Noai ueoiaeaeii? caeice o ae?oae, aaaeoeiaaieo ?c ciie aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN// Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y.- 1995.- N5.-N.13-16 (Ni?aaao.: Iaeaeaiiee A.A., Aaneeaiei I.N., Ea?aoa I.A.). 3. Noai a?iio?ca?ii-aiiaaeii? nenoaie o ae?a/aoie c aaaaoaoeaieie aeenooieoe?yie, aaaeoeiaaieo ?c ciie aaa??? ia *AAN // Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y.-1996.- N5-6.-N.16-18 (Ni?aaao.: Eoooa I.I.). 4. Aeeeeeai? neiiaoe/i? oe??i? iioaioe?aee o ae?oae c aaaaoaoeaieie aeenooieoe?yie//Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y.- 1999.- N2.-N.29-32 (Ni?aaao.: Iaeaeaiiee A.A., Aoaian’?aa ?.I.). 5. Noai aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie o ae?oae c aaaaoaoeaieie aeenooieoe?yie, aaaeoeiaaieo ?c ciie aaa??? ia *AAN//*i?iiaeeue ? caei?ia’y ethaeae:Oace aeiiia.iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio.(20-22 ea?oiy 1993 ?.,Ee?a).-E., 1993.-*.2.-N.199 (Ni?aaao.: Iaeaeaiiee A.A., Eoooa I.I.). 6. Ninoiyiea aaaaoaoeaiie ia?aiie nenoaiu e ai?iiiaeueiue noaoon o aeaoae, yaaeoe?iaaiiuo ec ciiu aaa?ee ia *AYN// *a?iiaueue e caei?iauea ethaeae//Oac. aeiee.iao/i.-i?ae. eiio.(Eeaa,25-26 ai?aey 1994 a.).- E., 1994.-O.2.- N.119-120 (Niaao.: Iaeaeaiiee A.A., Aooiee I.N., Eoooa I.I.). 7. Iniaeeaino? iae?i-aiaeie?eiii? ?aaoeyoe?? o ae?oae c aaaaoaoeaieie aeenooieoe?yie, aaaeoeiaaieo ?c ciie aaa??? ia *AAN// ?aaeeaoeeiiii-yeieiae/aneea e iaaeeoeeineea aniaeou aaa?ee ia *AYN:Oac. aeiee.iaaeae.iao/i. eiio.(26-28.O.93, Eeaa).-E.,1993.- N.116 (Ni?aaao.: Iaeaeaiiee A.A., Eoooa I.I.). 8 Noai ueoiaeaeii? caeice o ae?oae, aaaeoeiaaieo ?c ciie aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN//VI eiia?an NOOEO (9-14 aa?aniy 1996). Oace aeiiia.- Iaeana, 1996.- N.73-74 (Ni?aaao.: Iaeaeaiiee A.A., Aaneeaiei I.N.). 9. Cia/aiea ia?ooaiee a ninoiyiee yiaeie?eiiie nenoaiu o aeaoae n aaaaoaoeaiuie aeenooieoeeyie// Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeiiooaaiiy, ?ioaineaiiai aeoiaeaeoaaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy ia?aae/anii ia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae: Iaoa??ae.eiio.-E., 1995.-N.135-136 (Ni?aaao.: Ao?eae A.A., Eoooa I.I.). 10. Iniaaiiinoe yiaeie?eiiiai noaoona o aeaai/ae yaaeoe?i?iaaiiuo ec ciiu aaa?ee ia *AYN, no?aaeathueo aaaaoaoeaiuie aeenooieoeeyie// Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeiiooaaiiy, ?ioaineaiiai aeoiaeaeoaaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy ia?aae/anii ia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae: Iaoa??ae.eiio.-E., 1995.-N.149-150. 11. Canoinoaaiiy neiiaoe/ieo oe??ieo iioaioe?ae?a aeey ae?aaiinoeee aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue o ae?oae// Oe?.iaae.a?no?.- 1998.-O.2, N1-2.- *.2.-N.144 (Ni?aaao.: Aoaian’?aa ?.I.). AIIOAOe?ss Iiei/ae I.A. Iniaeeaino? iae?iaiaeie?eiii? ?aaoeyoe?? o ae?oae c aaaaoaoeaieie aeenooieoe?yie. ? ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.10 ? iaae?ao??y. ? ?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Aea/aii iniaeeaino? aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaco oa aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie o ae?oae c ??cieie ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie AAe. Aeyaeaii, ui o ae?oae c AAe a?aei?/athoueny cia/i? ci?ie aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaco, ye? caeaaeaoue a?ae ??aiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy AIN ? aecia/athoue iniaeeaino? ??cieo ee?i?/ieo oi?i aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue. Aia?oa o a?eueoino? ae?oae c AAe aeyaeai? ci?ie eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo aai aiie?ooaee aeeeeeaieo neiiaoe/ieo oe??ieo iioaioe?ae?a (ANOI). Iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?iei ? nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo oa ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI, ?o aneiao??y. Aia?oa iienai? ci?ie ANOI, oa?aeoa?i? aeey ??cieo ee?i?/ieo oi?i AAe. Onoaiiaeai? iniaeeaino? aaaaoaoeaiiai ? ai?iiiaeueiiai aiiainoaco o ae?oae c ??cieie ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue, a oaeiae o ae?oae c AAe, aaaeoeiaaieo ?c ciie aaa??? ia *AAN. Aeyaeaii, ui o oai?eo c AAe aaee/eia eiao?oe??io?a iiiaeeiii? ei?aeyoe??, nooi?iue aca?iica’yce?a i?ae ia?aiao?aie iae?iaiaeie?eiii? nenoaie ? oa?aeoa? aio?ii?? caeaaeaoue a?ae ee?i?/ii? oi?ie caoai?thaaiiy. Canoinoaaiiy ea?ae?i?ioa?aaeia?ao??, iaoiaeeee ?a?no?aoe?? ANOI, a oaeiae ioe?iea ai?iiiaeueiiai aiiainoaco aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe nai?/ani?noue ae?aaiinoeee AAe, aeae?eeoe ee?i?/i? oi?ie ? i?iaiaeeoe oe?eani?yiiaaio iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaio oa?ai?th ae?oae c oeei caoai?thaaiiyi. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ae?oe, aaaaoaoeaia aeenooieoe?y, aaaaoaoeaiee aiiainoac, ea?ae?i?ioa?aaeia?ao?y, aeeeeeai? neiiaoe/i? oe??i? iioaioe?aee, aiaeie?eiia nenoaia. AIIIOAOeEss Iiei/ae I.A. Iniaaiiinoe iae?i-yiaeie?eiiie ?aaoeyoeee o aeaoae n aaaaoaoeaiuie aeenooieoeeyie.-?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.10 -iaaeeao?ey.-Einoeooo iaaeeao?ee, aeooa?noaa e aeiaeieiaee AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Eco/aiu iniaaiiinoe aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaca e yiaeie?eiiie nenoaiu o aeaoae n ?acee/iuie eeeie/aneeie oi?iaie aaaaoaoeaiuo aeenooieoeee. Auyaeaii, /oi o aeaoae n aaaaoaoeaiuie aeenooieoeeyie ioia/athony cia/eoaeueiua eciaiaiey aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaca, eioi?ua caaenyo io o?iaiy ooieoeeiie?iaaiey AIN e i?aaeii?aaeaeytho iniaaiiinoe ?acee/iuo eeeie/aneeo oi?i aaaaoaoeaiuo ia?ooaiee. Oae, o aeaoae n ANAe iaaethaeaaony noaoenoe/anee aeinoiaa?iia oaaee/aiea AIi e EIA n iaeiia?aiaiiui oiaiueoaieai aaee/eiu ?O e Ii, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao ia oneeaiee neiiaoe/aneiai aeeyiey AIN e ia?anoaiee aeoeaiinoe oeaio?aeueiiai eiioo?a oi?aaeaiey. Aeey aieueiuo n IOeAe oa?aeoa?ii noaoenoe/anee aeinoiaa?iia oaaee/aiea cia/aiee AIi (ia 26%) e ?O (ia 16%) oiia iaeciaiaiiiai EIA, /oi oeacuaaao ia iaeiia?aiaiiia iiauoaiea oiiona neiiaoe/aneiai e ia?aneiiaoe/aneiai ioaeaeia AIN e ia?aiai?yaeaiea aaeaioeaiuo aiciiaeiinoae i?aaiecia. O aieueiuo n IAI iaaethaeaaony cia/eoaeueiia nieaeaiea oaeeo ia?aiao?ia EEA eae ?O (ia 36%), Ii (ia 12,5%), AIi (ia 30%) e EIA aieaa /ai ia 20%, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i nieaeaiee aeoeaiinoe eae neiiaoe/aneiai, oae e ia?aneiiaoe/aneiai ioaeaeia AIN, a oaeaea iaeiia?aiaiiia oneeaiea aaoiiiiiinoe neioniaiai ocea. Aia?aua o aieueoeinoaa aeaoae (o 92,6%) n aaaaoaoeaiuie aeenooieoeeyie iaia?oaeaiu eciaiaiey eaoaioiiai ia?eiaea eee aiieeooaeu aucaaiiuo neiiaoe/aneeo eiaeiuo iioaioeeaeia (ANEI). Iaeaieaa oa?aeoa?iui yaeyaony oei?i/aiea eaoaioiiai ia?eiaea e oaaee/aiea ANEI, eo aneiiao?ey. Aia?aua iienaiu eciaiaiey ANEI, oa?aeoa?iua aeey ?aciuo eeeie/aneeo oi?i aaaaoaoeaiuo aeenooieoeee. O aeaoae n IOeAe iaaethaeaaony iaeaieueoaa oei?i/aiea eaoaioiiai ia?eiaea ANEI n eenoae e noii, iiauoaiea ?inoi-eaoaeaeueiie aeennioeeaoeee, oiaaea eae i?e ANAe iaeaieaa cia/eii iiauoaaony aiieeooaea iioaioeeaeia n eenoae e noii. Yoi oeacuaaao, /oi i?e IOeAe nouanoaaiii oiaiueoaaony oeaio?aeueiay caaea?aeea neaiaeia, aa?iyoii a ?acoeueoaoa cia/eoaeueiie aeoeaaoeee ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey ii?aaeaeaiiuo ioaeaeia OeIN, oiaaea eae o aeaoae n ANAe eciaiaiey ANEI yaeythony neaaenoaeai oaaee/aiey eiee/anoaa nae?aoe?othueo iioiauo aeaeac aiaea/aiiuo a ioaao a ?acoeueoaoa oneeaiey neiiaoe/aneiai aeeyiey AIN a yoie a?oiia aieueiuo. O aieueiuo n IAI iieacaoaee ANEI caaenyo io oa?aeoa?a e?ecia. Onoaiiaeaiu iniaaiiinoe aaaaoaoeaiiai ai?iiiaeueiiai aiiainoaca o aeaoae c ?aciuie eeeie/aneeie oi?iaie aaaaoaoeaiuo ia?ooaiee, a oaeaea o aeaoae n aaaaoaoeaiuie aeenooieoeeyie, yaaeoe?iaaiiuo ec ciiu aaa?ee ia *AYN. I?e aaaaoaoeaiuo aeenooieoeeyo o aeaoae i?ienoiaeeo aeoeaaoeey aeiioeca?ii-iaaeii/a/ieeiaie nenoaiu, eioi?ay iineo, ii-aeaeeiiio, aaeaioaoeeiiiue oa?aeoa? e ?aciiiai?aaeaiiua eciaiaiey, caaeneiua io eeeie/aneie oi?iu iaoieiaee. Iieacaoaee ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey aeiioeca?ii-oe?aieaeiie nenoaiu eciaiythony iaei, a aeey aeiioeca?ii-aiiaaeiie nenoaiu oa?aeoa?iui yaeyaony iiauoaiea o?iaiae EA, yno?aaeeiea e oanoinoa?iia. I?e yoii ninoiyiea aeiioeca?ii-aiiaaeiie nenoaiu o aieueiuo iaei caaeneo io eeeie/aneie oi?iu aaaaoaoeaiuo aeenooieoeee. Oieueei i?e IAI ioia/aaony aieaa aunieee o?iaaiue i?iaanoa?iia e cia/eoaeueiia nieaeaiea eiioeaio?aoeee yno?aaeeiea. O aeaoae n AAe, yaaeoe?iaaiiuo ec ciiu aaa?ee ia *AYN, iaaethaeaaony aieaa cia/eoaeueiia nieaeaiea iieacaoaeae ?O e EIA ia oiia iiauoaiey aaee/eiu Ii, iniaaiii i?e iaee/ee aeiioaicee, /oi ?anoeaieaaaony eae nieaeaiea aeoeaiinoe neiiaoe/aneiai ioaeaea e iiauoaiea aeoeaiinoe ia?aneiiaoe/aneiai ioaeaea AIN. Eciaiaiey a nenoaia aeiioec-iaaeii/a/ieee oa?aeoa?iu aeey enoiuaiey ?aca?aiuo aiciiaeiinoae neiiaoi-aae?aiaeiaie nenoaiu, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i aieaa au?aaeaiiii nieaeaiee aaeaioaoeeiiiuo aiciiaeiinoae i?aaiecia. Aeiioeca?ii-oe?aieaeiay nenoaia o aeaoae n AAe ia eiaao eaeeo-eeai niaoeeoe/aneeo eciaiaiee. Cia/eoaeueiua eciaiaiey auyaeaiu a ninoiyiee aeiioeca?ii-aiiaaeiie nenoaiu, eioi?ua oa?aeoa?eciaaeenue o aeaai/ae 10-11 eao aeinoiaa?iui nieaeaieai, a o aeaai/ae 12-13 eao iiauoaieai o?iaiy ONA, o aeaai/ae 14-15 eao nouanoaaiiui nieaeaieai o?iaiy i?ieaeoeia e iiauoaieai yno?aaeeiea. Auyaeaii, /oi o aieueiuo n aaaaoaoeaiuie aeenooieoeeyie aaee/eia eiyooeoeeaioia iiiaeanoaaiiie ei??aeyoeee, noaiaiue acaeiinaycae iaaeaeo ia?aiao?aie iae?i-yiaeie?eiiie nenoaiu e oa?aeoa? yio?iiee caaeneo io eeeie/aneie oi?iu caaieaaaiey. Eniieueciaaiea ea?aeeieioa?aaeia?aoee, iaoiaeeee ?aaeno?aoeee ANEI, a oaeaea ioeaiea ai?iiiaeueiiai aiiainoaca iicaieytho iiauneoue yooaeoeaiinoue aeeaaiinoeee aaaaoaoeaiuo aeenooieoeee, auaeaeeoue eo eeeie/aneea oi?iu e i?iaiaeeoue oeaeaiai?aaeaiioth iaoiaaiaoe/anee iainiiaaiioth oa?aieth caaieaaaiey o aeaoae. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeaoe, aaaaoaoeaiay aeenooieoeey, aaaaoaoeaiue aiiainoac, ea?aeeieioa?aaeia?aoey, aucaaiiua neiaioe/aneea eiaeiua iioaioeeaeu, yiaeie?eiiay nenoaia. ANNOTATION Molochek N.V. The peculiarities of neiroendocrine regulation in children with vegetative dysfunctions. - Manuscript. Dissertation for the degree of candidate of medical sciences for speciality 14.01.10.- pediatries.- Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. There were studied peculiarities of vegetative homeostasis and endocrine system in children with different clinical forms of vegetative dysfunctions. It was found that children with vegetative dysfunctions have significant changes of vegetative homeostasis. These changes were dependented from functional degree of autonomic nervous system and determined peculiarities of different clinical forms of vegetative disturbances. At the first time were found the changes of latency and amplitude of sympathetic skin response (SSR) in majority of children with vegetative dysfunctions. The lessening of latency, increase of amplitude and asymmetry are the most peculiar. At the first time were wrote-up the changes of SSR of different forms of vegetative dysfunction. Were ascertained peculiarites of vegetative and hormonal homeostasis in children with different clinical forms of vegetative dysfunctions and children from Chernobyl’s zone. The rate of coefficient of plural correlation and degree of interconnection between parametres of neiroendocrine system and character of entropy were dependent from clinical form of vegetative dysfunction. Using cardiointervalography, SSR and evaluation of hormonal homeostasis give possibility to improve diagnostic of vegetative dysfunctions, differentiate clinical forms and carry out on purposive treatment in children. Key words: children, vegetative dysfunction, vegetative homeostasis, cardiointervalography, sympathetic skin response, endocrine system. Ia?ae?e oiiaieo nei?i/aiue AO ? a?oa??aeueiee oene AEOA ? aae?aiiei?oeeio?iiiee ai?iii AAAe ? aaaaoaoeaii-a?noea?aeueia aeenooieoe?y AAe ? aaaaoaoeai? aeenooieoe?? ANOI ? aeeeeeai? neiiaoe/i? oe??i? iioaioe?aee AIN ? aaaaoaoeaia ia?aiaa nenoaia AI? ? aaaaoaoeaiee iieaciee ?eoio ANAe ? aaaaoaoeaii-noaeeiia aeenooieoe?y ?IA ? ?iaeaen iai?oae ca ?.I.Aa?anueeei E?A ? ea?ae?i?ioa?aaeia?ao?y EII ? ee?ii-i?oinoaoe/ia i?iaa EA ? ethoa?i?coth/ee ai?iii IOeAe ? iae?ioee?eoeyoi?ia aeenooieoe?y IAI ? ia?ieneciaeueia aaaaoaoeaia iaaeinoaoi?noue I?E ? i?ieaeoei O3 ? o?eeiaeoe?ii?i O4 ? oe?ienei OOA ? oe?io?iiiee ai?iii ONA ? oie?eoeinoeioethth/ee ai?iii OeIN ? oeaio?aeueia ia?aiaa nenoaia A2 ? ano?aae?ie AAA ? aeaeo?iaioeaoaeia?ao?y AIA ? aeaeo?ii?ia?ao?y

Похожие записи