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Особливості нейро-ендокринної регуляції у дітей з вегетативними дисфункціями: Автореф. дис… канд. мед. наук / Н.В. Молочек, Ін-т педіатрії, акушерст

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?INOEOOO IAAe?AO???, AEOOA?NOAA OA A?IAEIEIA??

AEAAeAI?? IAAeE*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

IIEI*AE IAOAE?ss AIEIAeEIE??AIA

OAeE 616.12-008.6-072-053.2

INIAEEAINO? IAE?I-AIAeIE?EIII? ?AAOEssOe??

O Ae?OAE C AAAAOAOEAIEIE AeENOOIEOe?ssIE

14.01.10 – Iaae?ao??y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iaae?ao??? N4 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaeaeaiiee A?oae?e A?eai?iae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
iaae?ao??? N4.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Iaa?ioeueea Aaeeia
Aioii?aia, ?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie,
aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo i?iaeai iaaee/ii? aeiiiiiae
ae?oyi ? iaoa?yi;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ei?ai?a Ieeiea Ieoaeeiae/, Oa?e?anueeee
IAe? ioi?iie caei?ia’y ae?oae oa i?aee?oe?a IIC Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi?.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC
Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a iaaea?o??? N2, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24” aa?aniy 1999 ?. i 13 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.553.01 ?c caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe ca niaoe?aeueiinoyie
“Iaae?ao??y”, “Aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y” i?e ?inoeooo? iaae?ao???,
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i.Ee?a,
aoe.Iaio?euenueeiai, 8).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i.Ee?a,
aoe.Iaio?euenueeiai, 8).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 21 ” na?iiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E.A.Eaaoi?ia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Iacaaaeath/e ia ?ioaineaia aeine?aeaeaiiy
aaaaoaoeaieo aeenooieoe?e (AAe), i?iaeaia ?o aea/aiiy caeeoa?oueny
aeineoue aeooaeueiith, ine?eueee inoaii?ie ?ieaie niinoa??aa?oueny
cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ae?oae c oeeie ii?ooaiiyie. O?eueee ca
inoaii? ?iee e?euee?noue aini?oae?ciaaieo oai?eo c aaaaoaoeaieie
ii?ooaiiyie ca?eueoeeanue a 3 ?ace (A.A.Iaeaeaiiee, I.I.Eoooa, 1992) ? a
no?oeoo?? caoai?thaaiue caaaeueii? iiioeyoe?? ae?oae noaiiaeyoue 20%
an??? iaoieia?? (A.Ae.*aaioa?ueiaa ? ni?aaao., 1993). Oiio cia/ii c??n
?ioa?an e?ea??a-iaae?ao??a aei aea/aiiy ? ?icoi?iiy nooiino? AAe,
iniaeeai i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN (I.I.Eoe’yiiaa, 1994; I.I. Eoe’yiiaa ?
ni?aaao., 1998; TH.A.Aioeie?i ? ni?aaao., 1996 oa ?i.). O no?oeoo??
caoai?thaaiue ia?aiai? nenoaie o ae?oae, iioa?i?eeo aiane?aeie aaa??? ia
*AAN, iaeaeuo ieoiio aaao ia? aaaaoaoeaii-noaeeiia aeenooieoe?y (ANAe),
yea cono??/a?oueny o 37-38% (A.A.Ai?iaeae, AE.A.Onaoaiei, 1998).

Cia/ia iioe?aiiy AAe na?aae ae?oae ni?e/eith? ?icaeoie o a?eueoino? c
ieo ineoiniiaoe/ieo caoai?thaaiue (I.I.Aaei ? ni?aaao., 1981, 1997; A.A.
Ni??iia, 1985; Campo, Fritsch, 1994). Caaaeueiia?aeiii, ui oea aeieea?
aiane?aeie ii?ooaiiy iae?iaoii?aeueii? ?aaoeyoe?? niiaoi-aaaaoaoeaieo
ooieoe?e (A.A.Ni??iia, 1985; I.I.A?eieiiue, I.A.Eoaa?aa?, 1987; N.N.
Ino?iiieaoeue ? ni?aaao., 1991; Drory, 1995). Iaeiae iaoai?cie, ui
eaaeaoue a iniia? oeeo ii?ooaiue, aei e?ioey ia aea/ai?. I?eioneathoue,
ui a iaoiaaiac? AAe o ae?oae aaeeea cia/aiiy iathoue no?ania? neooaoe??
(I.I.Eoe’yiiaa, I.E.Oa?aoianueeee, 1994), ii?ooaiiy aaaaoaoeaiiai
aiiainoaco ? ?iceaaee ooieoe?iioaaiiy aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie
(A.A.Eaeueoeaa ? ni?aaao., 1991). I?ioa ieoaiiy i?i oa?aeoa? ii?ooaiiy
aiiainoaco ? aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie o ae?oae c ??cieie ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie
AAe aeiaaa? iiaeaeueoiai aeaoaeueiiai aea/aiiy.

Eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy ? ii??aiyeueii? ioe?iee iieaciee?a aaaaoaoeaiiai
aiiainoaco oa aaaaoaoeaii? caaacia/aiino? o ae?oae c ??cieie oi?iaie
aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue ia i?iaiaeeeinue. I?aeoe/ii ia aea/aii oa?aeoa?
a?aeoeeaiue ia naaiaioa?iiio ? iaaenaaiaioa?iiio ??aiyo i?e AAe o
ae?oae. Ia aeine?aeaeaii ae?aaiinoe/iiai cia/aiiy aeeeeeaieo neiiaoe/ieo
oe??ieo iioaioe?ae?a (ANOI) o ae?oae c AAe, a oaeiae a?aenooi?
iaa?oioiaai? e?eoa??? ?aiiuei?, iniaeeai aeiiicieia?/ii?, ae?aaiinoeee
??cieo ee?i?/ieo oi?i aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue.

Ca”ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
eaoaae?e iaae?ao??? ?4 Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, ? o?aaiaioii eiiieaenii? aea?aeaaii? athaeaeaoii? oaie
??ic?iaeoe oa ai?iaaaeeoe ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? ??cieo ee?i?/ieo
aa??aio?a ia?aa?ao aaaaoaoeaieo aeenooieoe?e o ae?oae? (?
aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 0197U006118).

Iaoa ?iaioe – oaeineiiaeeoe ae?aaiinoeeo AAe o ae?oae ia i?aenoaa?
aea/aiiy ee?i?ei-iaoiaaiaoe/iiai cia/aiiy iae?iaiaeie?eiieo ii?ooaiue a
i?aai?ci? ae?oae aeey aeieeiaiiy e ?icaeoeo AAe.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa ia?aaeaa/aea ae??oaiiy oaeeo iniiaieo caaaeaiue:

– i?iaanoe eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaco ?
aecia/eoe eiai iniaeeaino? o ae?oae c ??cieie ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie AAe;

– aea/eoe ANOI ? anoaiiaeoe ?oi? ae?aaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy i?e aaaaoaoeaieo
ii?ooaiiyo o ae?oae;

– aeine?aeeoe noai ai?iiiaeueiiai aiiainoaco o ae?oae c AAe;

– aecia/eoe iniaeeaino? iae?iaiaeie?eiii? ?aaoeyoe?? i?e ??cieo
ee?i?/ieo oi?iao AAe o ae?oae ? ?ic?iaeoe e?eoa??? ae?aaiinoeee oa
i?iaiico ia?aa?ao.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia. Ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue aeicaieeei io?eiaoe
?yae iiaeo aeaieo i?i iniaeeaino? aaaaoaoeaiiai ? ai?iiiaeueiiai
aiiainoaco o ae?oae c AAe, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue iaoiaaiaoe/i?
iniaeeaino? ia?aa?ao caoai?thaaiiy ? iathoue ae?aaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui o ae?oae c AAe a?aei?/athoueny cia/i? ci?ie
aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaco, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae ??aiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy AIN ?
aecia/athoue iniaeeaino? ??cieo ee?i?/ieo oi?i aaaaoaoeaieo ii?ooaiue.
Oae, o ae?oae a ANAe niinoa??aa?oueny iineeaiiy neiiaoe/iiai aieeao AIN
? i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? oeaio?aeueiiai eiioo?o oi?aae?iiy, oiae? ye
aeey ae?oae c iae?ioee?eoeyoi?iith aeenooieoe??th (IOeAe) oa?aeoa?ii
iaeii/ania i?aeaeuaiiy oiiono neiiaoe/iiai ? ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?e?a
AIN oa ia?aiai?oaeaiiy aaeaioeaieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio. O oai?eo c
ia?ieneciaeueiith aaaaoaoeaiith iaaeinoaoi?noth (IAI) niinoa??aa?oueny
cieaeaiiy aeoeaiino? ye neiiaoe/iiai, oae ? ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?e?a
AIN, a oaeiae iaeii/anii iineeaiiy aaoiiiiiino? neioniaiai aocea.

Aia?oa o 92,6% ae?oae c AAe aeyaeai? ci?ie eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo aai
aiie?ooaee ANOI. Iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ia nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ?
ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI. Niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia aneiao??y
aiie?ooaee ? eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI c eenoae ? noii ni?aaa-ce?aa.
Aeyaeai? ci?ie na?ae/aoue i?i ??eoaoe?th niaoeeo?/ieo ? ianiaoeeo?/ieo
aeoeaaoe?eieo i?ioean?a o ae?oae c AAe.

Aia?oa iieacaii, ui o ae?oae c IOeAe niinoa??aa?oueny iaea?eueoa
nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI, i?aeaeuaiiy ?inoi-eaoaeaeueii?
aeenioe?aoe??, oiae? ye i?e ANAe iaecia/i?oa i?aeaeuo?oueny aiie?ooaea
iioaioe?ae?a c eenoae ? noii. Ioaea, i?e IOeAe ?noioii ciaioo?oueny
oeaio?aeueia cao?eiea neaiae?a, i/aaeaeii, a ?acoeueoao? cia/ii?
aeoeaaoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio iaaieo a?aeae?e?a OeIN, o oie /an ye
o ae?oae c ANAe ci?ie ANOI ? iane?aeeii ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? iioiaeo
caeic, ui nae?aoothoue, aoyaiaieo o a?aeiia?aeue ia iineeaiiy
neiiaoe/iiai aieeao AIN o oe?e a?oi? oai?eo. O oai?eo c IAI ANOI
caeaaeaoue a?ae oa?aeoa?o e?ece.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieythoue aaaaeaoe
iaoiae ANOI aeineoue ?ioi?iaoeaiei c oi/ee ci?o ia’?eoeaii? e?euee?nii?
ioe?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio naaiaioa?iiai aia?aoo ? oeaio?aeueii?
eaiee oe??ii-neiiaoe/iiai ?aoeaeno o ae?oae c AAe. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ANOI
aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe i?e eiiieaeniiio ee?i?ei-iae?io?c?ieia?/iiio
ianoaaeaii? ae?oae c o?aaeaiiyi AIN ? aeey iioi/iiai ia’?eoeaiiai
eiio?ieth ca aoaeoeai?noth e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a. E??i oiai, ia iniia?
eiiieaeniiai ee?i?ei-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi
E?A, EII, ANOI, a oaeiae ioe?iee ai?iiiaeueiiai noaoono iiaeia aeae?eeoe
a?oie ae?oae c IOeAe, ANAe ? IAI, ye? iio?aaothoue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
i?aeoiaeo aei e?eoaaiiy.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo. Ca iaoa??aeaie
aeena?oaoe?? aeaeai? iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? “Ee?i?ea, ae?aaiinoeea oa
?aaa?e?oaoe?y aaaaoaoeaieo aeenoii?e o ae?oae, ye? iino?aaeaeaee
aiane?aeie aaa??? ia *AAN” (Ee?a, 1996).

?ic?iaeai? e?eoa??? ae?aaiinoeee ? i?iaiico ia?aa?ao ??cieo ee?i?/ieo
oi?i aaaaoaoeaieo aeenooieoe?e o ae?oae ai?iaaaeaeai? a ?yae?
e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo onoaiia aea?aeaae (AeEE ?2, AeEE ?5 i.Ee?aa,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueea oa ?i.). Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? ia eaoaae?? iaae?ao??? ?4
Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi i?iaaaeai? ee?i?/i?
niinoa?aaeaiiy oa ?ino?oiaioaeueia ianoaaeaiiy oai?eo, ioe?iea aeaieo
eaai?aoi?ieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaea ?noi??e oai?ia, noai?aia
eiii’thoa?ia aaca aeaieo oa i?iaaaeaia noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a. Naiino?eii ocaaaeueiai? io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe,
noi?ioeueiaai? aeniiaee oa ?ic?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoee
aeiiia?aeai? ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“?aae?aoe?eii-aeieia?/i? oa iaaee/i? aniaeoe aaa??? ia *AAN” (Ee?a,
aeiaoaiue 1993?.), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “*i?iiaeeue ?
caei?ia’y ethaeae” (Ee?a, ea?oaiue 1994?.), VI eiia?an? NOOEO (Iaeana,
aa?anaiue 1996?.), VII eiia?an? NOOEO (Oaeai?iae, aa?anaiue 1998?.), 2-e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie aeeoy/i?
ea?ae?i?aaiaoieia??” (Ee?a, aa?acaiue 1999?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 11 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue,
c ieo 4 noaoo? a aeo?iae? “Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y” oa 7 –
a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ianyaii 145
noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo aeeth/a? anooi, i’youe ?icae?e?a
?acoeueoao?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiaee,
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ? nienie oeeoo?ii? e?oa?aoo?e (234 aeaea?aea),
yeee caeia? 25 noi??iie. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeth/a? 32 oaaeeoe? ? 5 ?enoie?a,
ye? caeiathoue 24 noi??iee.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia’?eo oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ae niinoa?aaeaiiyi ciaoiaeeeinue 504
aeeoeie a?eii 9-15 ?ie?a, o yeeo ae?aaiinoiaaii ??ci? ee?i?/i? oi?ie
AAe; aiie ia?aaoaaee ia e?eoaaii? a Ee?anueeiio i?nueeiio oeaio??
aaaaoaoeaieo aeenooieoe?e. C ieo 386 (76,6%) iino?eii i?iaeeaaee a
Ee?a?, a 118 (23,4%) aoee aaaeoeiaai? c I?ei’yo? a ea?oi?-o?aai? 1986?.
i?ney aaa??? ia *AAN.

Noai AIN o ae?oae c ??cieie ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie AAe ioe?ithaaee c
aeiiiiiaith eiiieaeno iaoiae?a. Aeo?aeiee aaaaoaoeaiee oiion aecia/aee c
aeei?enoaiiyi oaaeeoe? I.I.Aaeia (1991). Aeey ioe?iee aeo?aeiiai
aaaaoaoeaiiai oiiono aeei?enoaii oanoiaee ? eiii’thoa?iee aa??aioe
oaaeeoe? I.I.Aaeia.

Aaaaoaoeaio ?aaeoeai?noue ioe?ithaaee c aeiiiiiaith E?A ia
o?eeaiaeueiiio ea?ae?ia?ao? “Bioset-8000” o ?? noaiaea?oiiio
a?aeaaaeaii?. Aiae?coaaee aeeiai?/iee ?yae ?c 100 iine?aeiaieo oeeee?a
R-R aeei?enoiaoth/e niaoe?aeueiee ia/enethaaeueiee eiiieaen ia aac? AII
?AI ?N/AO-486 ca niaoe?aeueiith i?ia?aiith ?c canoinoaaiiyi
caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo e?eoa???a ioe?iee (?.I.Aa?anueeee ? ni?aaao., 1984).

Aaaaoaoeaio ?aaeoeai?noue ? caaacia/ai?noue ioe?ithaaee ca aeaieie E?A
oa ee?i?ei-i?oinoaoe/ii? i?iae (EII). EII i?iaiaeeee c aei??thaaiiyi
*NN, AO ca eeane/iith iaoiaeeeith i?ae eiio?ieai AEA-iii?oi?eiao ia
aeaeo?iea?ae?iiao?? AEI-01.

Noai neiiaoe/ii? ?iia?aaoe?? oe??ieo no?oeoo? aecia/aee ia i?aenoaa?
?acoeueoao?a aiae?co ANOI. Iaoiaeeea a?oioo?oueny ia ?a?no?aoe??
oe??ii-aaeueaai?/ieo a?aeiia?aeae i?e ae?? aeaeo?e/iiai noeioeo.
Noeioeyoe?th, i?aeneeaiiy ? ?a?no?aoe?th ANOI aeeiioaaee c aeiiiiiaith
eiii’thoa?eciaaii? nenoaie aiae?co Toennies ia aeaeo?ii?ia?ao? o??ie
“Erich Jaeger” (I?ia//eia). Noeioethaaee n.medianus o ae?eyioe?
e?eoueiaiai aeaeio eiio?eaoa?aeueii? ?oee. sse aeaeo?e/iee noeioe
canoiniaoaaee ia?aaoey?i? iiiaeeiie? ?iioeuene i?yiieooii? oi?ie
o?eaae?noth 0,1 in oa ?ioaineai?noth ia ??ai? noa’?eoeaiiai aiethaiai
ii?iaa (a na?aaeiueiio aei 22 iA). Noeioee iiaeaaaee o aeiaaeeiaiio
ii?yaeeo c ?ioa?aaeii ia iaioa 15 n i?ney caanaiiy niiioaiieo oe??yieo
iioaioe?ae?a. O a?aeiia?aeue ia noeioe ona?aaeithaaee 4 ANOI.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ca /ooeeaino? i?aeneethaa/a 100 ieA, o
/anoioiiio ae?aiacii? 2Aoe-5eAoe c aiioith aiae?ca 5 n, o caoaiiaiiio
caoei?cieyoe?eiiio i?ei?uaii? c iino?eiith oaiia?aoo?ith iia?o?y 22-23?N
o eaaea/iio iieiaeaii? aeeoeie i?ney iiia?aaeiuei? aaeaioaoe?? i?ioyaii
5 oa. Ioe?ithaaee eaoaioiee ia??iae aeieeiaiiy ii/aoeiaiai a?aeoeeaiiy
ANOI oa ?o aiie?ooaee.

Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie aea/aee oeyoii aeine?aeaeaiiy
ai?noo a ieaci? e?ia? oaeeo ai?iii?a: a?iio?ca?ieo – i?ieaeoeio (I?E),
ethoa?i?coth/iai (EA), oie?eoeinoeioethth/iai (ONA),
aae?aiiei?oeeio?iiiiai (AEOA), oe?io?iiiiai (OOA); iaaeie?eiaeo –
ei?oecieo; oe?i?aeieo – o?eeiaeoe?ii?io (O3), oe?ieneio (O4); noaoaaeo –
ano?aae?ieo (A2), i?iaanoa?iio ? oanoinoa?iio.

O ae?a/aoie ?c noaeei iaino?oaeueiei oeeeeii aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aiy
ai?iii?a i?iaiaeeee o oie?eoe?iiao oaco (ia 6-9-e aeaiue) oeeeeo. Caa??
e?ia? aeey ai?iiiaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaee a?ae 8 aei 10 aiae.
?aieo. Iaioeaei? oa noa?i?aei? ai?iiie aecia/aee ?aae?i?ioiieia?/iei
iaoiaeii c aeiiiiiaith a?aeiia?aeieo iaai??a. Aei??thaaiiy
?aae?iaeoeaiino? aeey A2 ? i?iaanoa?iio, iii?/aieo 3I, i?iaiaeeee ia
e?/eeueieeo “Beckman”, aeey ?aooe ai?iii?a, iii?/aieo 125?,
aeei?enoiaoaaee aaiia-e?/eeueiee “Aaiia-12”.

Aeey ooi/iaiiy ae?aaiico caoai?thaaiiy ? anoaiiaeaiiy noiooi?o oai?ia
aeei?enoiaoaaee eiii’thoa?io aeenoaioe?eio oa?iia?ao?th ia oa?iia?ao?
Oermovision 880 o??ie AGEMA (Oaaoe?y), niiia?ao?th i?aai?a /a?aaii?
ii?iaeieie ia aia?ao? Hitachi LS-2400 (ssiii?y), AEA ?
OEA-aeine?aeaeaiiy ia aia?ao? Bioset-8000 (I?ia//eia). AAA aeeiioaaee ia
8-eaiaeueiiio aia?ao? o??ie “Erich Jaeger” (I?ia//eia). Niiia?ao?th
ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?iaiaeeee c aeiiiiiaith aia?aoo SAL-28A o??ie
“Toshiba” ?c canoinoaaiiyi e?i?eiiai aeao/eea c /anoioith eieeaaiue 7,5
iAoe, i?aoethth/iai a ?aaeei? ?aaeueiiai /ano.

Ca iieacaiiyie ae?oyi i?iaiaeeee eiinoeueoaoe?? niaoe?ae?no?a
(iooaeueiieia, ioi?eiiea?eiaieia, aiaeie?eiieia, o??o?a, iaa?ieia,
ineo?ao?).

Ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeeiioaaee c aeiiiiiaith iaoiae?a
aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee (A.?.Eae?i, 1979). Aea/aiiy aca?iica’yce?a i?ae
iieacieeaie noaio AIN ? aiaeie?eiii? nenoaie i?iaiaeeee c aeei?enoaiiyi
iiiaeeiiiai ei?aeyoe?eii-?aa?an?eiiai oa ?ioi?iaoe?eii-aio?ii?eiiai
aiae?c?a. Noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo ?acoeueoao?a aeeiioaaee ca niaoe?aeueiith
i?ia?aiith Multifac 2.2. ia AII oeio ?AI ?N/AO.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. O aeine?aeaeoaaieo iaie
ae?oae c AAe iae/ano?oeie aoee nea?ae oea?aa?ianoai?/iiai oa?aeoa?o,
cie?aia aieiaiee a?eue – o 94,8% oai?eo, caiaii?i/aiiy – o 73,6%. I?e
oeueiio o 292 (57,9%) ae?oae a?aei?/aeanue aoiiethaai?noue, ieya?noue,
caaaeueia neaae?noue, i?eai?/ai?noue, cieaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?; o 111
(22%) – ineoiiioi?ia caoaeaeai?noue, ?noa?i?aei? ?aaeoe??, no?ao,
aiioe?eia eaa?euei?noue, ae?ao?aeea?noue.

Ia a?eue a ae?eyioe? na?oey eieth/iai ? aeaaeth/iai oa?aeoa?o
nea?aeeeenue a?eueo?noue oai?eo (72,4%). A?eue aoa ei?ioei/aniei ?
aeieeaa i?ae /an ia?aiaiai iai?oaeaiiy aac i?aai?/ieo ci?i c aieo
na?oey. Na?oeaaeooy a?aei?/aee 15 (2,9%) ae?oae. Caaeooa i?e o?ce/iiio
iaaaioaaeaii? aoea o 173 (34,3%) oai?eo. I?aai?/ieo ci?i c aieo na?oey ?
i?aai?a aeeoaiiy o oeeo ae?oae ia aeyaeaii. Ia a?ae/oooy ianoa/? iia?o?y
nea?aeeeenue 116 (23%) ae?oae, oea noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue aeeaieei aaeeoii
aac aeaeeieo i?e/ei.

A?eueoa iieiaeie oai?eo (52,2%) nea?aeeeenue ia oeoieiai-eeoeiaee
aeeneiioi?o (ioaeioa, aethaaiiy, ia/?y, a?ae?eaeea, a?eue o aeeaio?,
nianoe/iee caii?, iac’yniaaiee i?iiin). Iae/ano?oa oai?eo oo?aoaaee
ioaeioa (39,9%) ? a?eue a aeeaio? (61,9%). O 36,7% ae?oae, ca aeaieie
o?a?iacioaaiaano?iaeoiaeaiineii??, a?aei?/aeenue eaoa?aeuei? ci?ie
neeciai? iaieiiee oeoiea ? aeaaiaaeoeyoeiaei? eeoee. O 24,4% i?e
oeueo?acaoeiaiio aeine?aeaeaii? (OCAe) aeyaeaia aeene?iac?y
aeia/iaea?aeieo oeyo?a.

Ia oii? eaoaioiiai ? ia?iaiaioiiai ia?aa?ao AAe o 56 (11,1%) ae?oae iaea
i?noea aaaaoaoeaia e?eca (ia?ieneci). sse i?aaeei, ia?ienecie
i?iaieoaaeeny aiioe?iiaeueiei, ?icoiiaei aai o?ce/iei ia?aiai?oaeaiiyi ?
o?eaaee a?ae 3 oa. aei 3,5 aiae. O 21 aeeoeie ia?ienecie
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeenue ?yniith i?oeea?noth, a?iioa?i??th, aieai o aeeaio? c
ioaeioith, ?iiae? aethaaiiyi, i?a?aiiiiae?aiei aieiaiei aieai,
cieaeaiiyi AO, a?aae?- aai oao?ea?ae??th ? iaee aaai?inoey?iee oa?aeoa?.
O 35 ae?oae a?aei?/aeanue neiiaoeeiaae?aiaeiaa e?eca, ui
noi?iaiaeaeoaaeanue aieiaiei aieai, i?aeaeuaiiyi AO, ??ceith
oao?ea?ae??th, o 2 – ia?ieneciaeueiith, i?aeaeuaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e o?ea,
iciiaii, iie?o???th, a?ae/oooyi o?eaiae ? no?aoo.

O 287 (56,9%) ae?oae ae?aaiinoiaaii ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie c aieo na?oey
aiane?aeie ii?ooaiiy iae?iaoii?aeueii? ?aaoeyoe??.

O an?o oai?eo a?aei?/aeanue eaa?eueia i?aeaeuaiiy aai cieaeaiiy AO aac
iciae no?eeiai i?aaiiiai aoyaiaiiy. O 96 (19%) ae?oae aeyaeaia
a?ia?oaic?y. I?e oeueiio o 83,3% c i?aeaeuaiei ??aiai AO niinoa??aaeanue
o?ii?/ia ae?y no?aniaeo oaeoi??a. Cieaeaiiy AO a?aei?/aeinue o 408 (81%)
ae?oae. Aeey oe??? a?oie oa?aeoa?iee aieiaiee a?eue, caiaii?i/aiiy,
aaaaoaoeai? ia?ienecie, ae?aaeaia ineoieia?/ia aeecaaeaioaoe?y:
aiioe?eia iai?oaeai?noue, ?iioiiae?e/i? oa o?eaiaeii-aeai?an?ei?
?aaeoe??.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/eoue, ui o ae?oae c ??cieie
ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie ia?aa?ao AAe ??aaiue ooieoe?iioaaiiy AIN
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ia?aaaaeaiiyi aioioii?? (49,8%). Neiiaoeeioii?y
a?aei?/aia o 40,4% oai?eo, aaaioii?y – o 10%. I?e oeueiio aioioii?y
niinoa??aa?oueny iaeiaeiai /anoi ye o ae?oae c a?iioaic??th, oae ?
a?ia?oaic??th (a?aeiia?aeii o 48,5 ? 56,6%), oiae? ye o oai?eo c
a?iioaic??th cia/ii /ano?oa cono??/a?oueny aaaioii?y (40,6%), i?ae
neiiaoeeioii?y (10,9%), a o ae?oae c a?ia?oaic??th ia?aaaaea?
neiiaoeeioii?y (40,2%), aaaioii?y – eeoa o 6,2%.

O oai?eo c AAe niinoa??aaeinue cieaeaiiy aa??aoe?eiiai ?iciaoo ??O) ?
aaee/eie iiaee (Ii), a oaeiae AIi oa ?IA, ui a?aeiia?aeaei ineaaeaiith
oeaio?aeueiiai oi?aae?iiy ?eoiii na?oey ? cieaeaiith aeoeaiino?
aae?aiaia?a?/ieo aieea?a. I?ia?aeiei eaiaeii ?aaoeyoe?? oeeo ci?i o
ae?oae c aaaaoaoeaieie ii?ooaiiyie ? ia?aiaee (68%).

Aiae?coth/e iieacieee E?A caeaaeii a?ae ee?i?/ii? oi?ie AAe, ie
anoaiiaeee aeineoue noaoenoe/ii cia/ouo ??cieoeth. O ae?oae a ANAe
niinoa??aaeanue noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy AIi oa ?IA c
iaeii/aniei ciaioaiiyi aaee/eie ?O ? Ii (oaae.1). A?aei?/ai? ia E?A
ci?ie o oai?eo c ANAe na?ae/aoue i?i i?aeneeaiiy neiiaoe/iiai aieeao AIN
? c?inoaiiy aeoeaiino? oeaio?aeueiiai eiioo?o oi?aae?iiy. Oea aeineoue
aeia?a ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iiiaeueiiai
noaoono ? oeaio?aeueii? aaiiaeeiai?ee. Aeacai? ci?ie a?aeia?aaeathoue
aeoeaaoe?th neiiaoe/ii? eaiee AIN ? coiiaeththoue ?icaeoie
a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai neiae?iio o oai?eo c ANAe.

Aeey oai?eo c IOeAe, ye na?ae/aoue aeai? oaae.1, oa?aeoa?ia noaoenoe/ii
aeinoia??ia ca?eueoaiiy cia/aiue AIi (ia 26%) ? ?O (ia 16%). I?e oeueiio
a noai? niieith ?IA noaoenoe/ii ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae iieacieea a?oie
ii??aiyiiy (?>0,05), aea a i?oiiieiaeaii? oeae iieaciee cia/ii
ca?eueooaaany. Oea aeaco? ia iaeii/ania i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino?
neiiaoe/iiai ? ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?e?a AIN o oai?eo aeaii? a?oie.
Ioaea, o oai?eo c IOeAe aaoiiiiiee ? oeaio?aeueiee eiioo?e oi?aae?iiy
ciaoiaeyoueny a noai? i?aeaeuaiiai oiiono, a cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy ?IA a
i?oiiieiaeaii? na?ae/eoue i?i ia?aiai?oaeaiiy aaeaioeaieo iiaeeeainoae
i?aai?cio. Naia oiio o ae?oae c IOeAe aeineoue /anoi ?icaeaa?oueny
neiae?ii aeecaaeaioaoe??.

O oai?eo c IAI (oaae. 1) niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia cieaeaiiy oaeeo
ia?aiao??a E?A ye ?O (ia 36%), Ii (ia 12,5%), AIi (ia 30%) oa ?IA (ia
20%). Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui i?e IAI a?aeaoaa?oueny cieaeaiiy
aeoeaiino? ye neiiaoe/iiai, oae ? ia?aneiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?e?a AIN, a
oaeiae iaeii/ania i?aeneeaiiy aaoiiiiiino? neioniaiai aocea, ine?eueee
cieaeaiee iieaciee AI? (oaae. 1). E??i oiai, o oai?eo c IAI i?e
ia?aoiae? a i?oiiieiaeaiiy cia/ii ca?eueoo?oueny ?IA ? eiao?oe??io, ui
a?aeia?aaea? a?aeiioaiiy ?IA a i?oi-ee?iinoaoe/iiio iieiaeaii? (oaae.1);
oea na?ae/eoue i?i c?ea aaeaioaoe?eii-eiiiainaoi?ieo iaoai?ci?a
?aaoeyoe?? ae?yeueiino? na?oey.

Io?eiai? aeai? iieacothoue, ui o ae?oae c aaaaoaoeaieie aeenooieoe?yie
ia?aaaaeathoue aneiiaoeeioii?/iee ? a?ia?ae?anoie?/iee aa??aioe EII.
Cie?aia, aneiiaoeeioii?/iee oei, ui na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeinoaoith
?aaeoe?th neiiaoeei-aae?aiaeiai? nenoaie, a?aei?/aany o iieiaeie oai?eo
(50,4%). I?e/iio oeae aa??aio aeaui /ano?oa cono??/aany o ae?oae c
a?iioaic??th (52,1%), i?ae c a?ia?oaic??th (43,6%). Iaeaea aeey iieiaeie
oai?eo (49%) c aaaaoaoeaieie aeenooieoe?yie ca iayaiino? a?ia?oaic??
oa?aeoa?iee a?ia?ae?anoie?/iee aa??aio EII, i?e yeiio a?aeaoaa?oueny
?cieueiaaia i?aeaeuaiiy ae?anoie?/iiai oeneo ii?yae c iaci?iaiei aai
iaa?oue cieaeaiei nenoie?/iei, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy ioeueniaiai
oeneo. Oea iaea?eueo aeecaaeaioiaaiee aa??aio EII, yeee na?ae/eoue i?i
iaaeinoaoi? aaaaoaoeaia caaacia/aiiy, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny i?aeaeuaiiyi
caaaeueiiia?eoa?e/iiai iii?o. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui a?ia?ae?anoie?/iee
aa??aio EII a?aei?/a?oueny o 42,9% c a?iioaic??th, ui aea? ?ioi?iaoe?th
i?i i?eoiaai? a?ia?oaiceai? ?aaeoe??. ?io? oeie EII
(a?ia?neiiaoeeioii?/iee, neiiaoeeioii?/iee, anoaiineiiaoeeioii?/iee)
niinoa??aathoueny o ae?oae c AAe aeineoue ??aeei.

C?noaaeaiiy oei?a EII ? ee?i?/ii? oi?ie AAe iieaco?, ui
aneiiaoeeioii?/iee oei iae/ano?oa niinoa??aaany i?e ia?ieneciaeuei?e
oi?i? AAe (67,4%). I?e i?e iiaeeeaa /anoi ciie?iiy, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny oeiii EII, yeee a?aeia?aaea? ?icaeoie i?oinoaoe/ii?
a?iioaic??, iia’ycaii? ?c ciaioaiiyi iiceiaiai e?iaioieo aiane?aeie
iaaeinoaoiuei? aeoeaiino? neiiaoe/iiai a?aeae?eo AIN. A?ia?ae?anoie?/iee
oei EII /ano?oa cono??/aany i?e ANAe (a 65,6% oai?eo).

I?e ioe?ioe? aaeaioaoe?eii-i?enoinoaaeueieo iaoai?ci?a aeyaeaii ?oi?
cieaeaiiy o 43,5% oai?eo c AAe, iae/ano?oa o ae?oae c a?ia?oaic??th
(54,9%). Iaaei??iee oei aaaaoaoeaiiai caaacia/aiiy a?aei?/aii o 21,7%
oai?eo, ii?iaeueiee – o 34,8%.

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? ANOI o 92,6% oai?eo c AAe aeyaeai? ci?ie eaoaioiiai
ia??iaeo aai aiie?ooaee ANOI. Eaoaioiee ia??iae, ca?a?no?iaaiee c
aeieiiii? iiaa?oi? ?oe ? i?aeioiaii? iiaa?oi? noii, aoa nei?i/aiee,
iniaeeai cia/ii ciaiooaaeanue eaoaioe?y c? noii (oaae.2). Aiie?ooaea
ANOI o ae?oae c AAe ye c iiaa?oi? eenoae, oae ? noii c?inoaea, ye
i?aaeei, a?eueo i?ae o 2 ?ace (oaae.2).

I?e aiae?c? eiao?oe??io?a, ye? aeiaeaoeiai ia/enethaaee ia iniia?
ia?aiao??a EII, caa?oa? oaaao cia/ia aneiao??y aiie?ooaee ? eaoaioiiai
ia??iaeo ANOI c eenoae ? noii ni?aaa-ce?aa. Ia?aaaaeaiiy aneiao??? e?ai?
aai i?aai? e?ioe?aee a oe?eiio ii a?oi? ia iaei /?oei? caeiiii??iino?,
aea o 85% ae?oae c ia?ieneciaeueiith oi?iith AAe ia?aaaaeaee ia?aiao?e
ANOI e?ai? noi?iie. Uiaei ??cieoe? aiie?ooaee ANOI ia aa?oi?o oa ieaei?o
e?ioe?aeao (?inoi-eaoaeaeueia aeennioe?aoe?y), oi ?? aaee/eia o oai?eo c
AAe ci?ithaaeanue iacia/ii, ine?eueee aiie?ooaea ANOI ca?eueoo?oueny ia
eenoyo ? noiiao i?aeoe/ii i?iii?oe?eii (a?aeiia?aeii o 72,2 ? 70,4%
ae?oae).

Ioaea, aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aecia/ai? aaniethoi?
cia/aiiy iieaciee?a ANOI – aiie?ooaee ? eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ia aa?oi?o
oa ieaei?o e?ioe?aeao o oai?eo c AAe. Iiae?aieo aeaieo a e?oa?aoo??
iaia?. Aiie aeaee i?aenoaao eiinoaooaaoe, ui o ia?aaaaeii? a?eueoino?
oai?eo c o?aaeaiiyi AIN ona?aaeiai? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a ANOI
a?aeoeeythoueny a?ae ii?iaeueieo ia?aiao??a ia?aaaaeii a a?e cia/iiai
ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee ? a?aeiiniiai nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo.
E??i oiai, niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia aneiao??y iieaciee?a ANOI –
ia??aiii??i?noue nooiaiy ci?ie ia?aiao??a ANOI ia i?aaeo ? e?aeo
e?ioe?aeao.

I?e ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio aiae?c? iieaciee?a ANOI aeyaeeinue, ui
i?aeaeuaiiy aiie?ooaee iioaioe?ae?a ia eenoyo ? noiiao c iaeii/aniei
nei?i/aiiyi eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo niinoa??aa?oueny o 18,5% oai?eo. O 13%
ae?oae c AAe a?aei?/aeinue iaeii/ania nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ?
aiie?ooaee ANOI, o 7,4% – iaeii/ania ca?eueoaiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo oa
ciaioaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI. Nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ? i?aeaeuaiiy
aiie?ooaee ANOI o oai?eo c AAe iiaeia iiynieoe ia i?aenoaa? ?ai?oa
i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue (I.I.Aaei, A.A.Aeaieeia, 1992). C iaeiiai
aieo, i/aaeaeii, o ae?oae c AAe niinoa??aa?oueny ???eoaoe?y niaoeeo?/ieo
? ianiaoeeo?/ieo aeoeaaoe?eieo i?ioean?a, ye? noi?iaiaeaeothoueny
aeaeo?e/ieie ci?iaie c oaiaeaioe??th aei cieaeaiiy ii?iaa
aeaiiey?ecaoe?? oeaio?aeueieo iae?ii?a, nei?i/oth/e /an iie?neiaioe/ii?
ia?aaea/?. Iiaeeeaa oaeiae aeeth/aiiy ?ioeo iaoai?ci?a, ui iieaaoothoue
/an oeaio?aeueii? cao?eiee, ? oea a?aeia?aaea?oueny o iacia/iiio
nei?i/aii? eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI. C ae?oaiai aieo, oe? nai?
iaoai?cie, iiaeeeai, caaacia/othoue a?eueo iiooaeiee caei aoa?aioii?
neiiaoe/ii? aeoeaiino?, ui ca?eueoo? aeoeai?noue iioiaeo caeic ?
i?iyaey?oueny o i?aeaeuaii? aiie?ooaee ANOI.

Aeyaeaia o /anoee oai?eo c AAe iaeii/ania iiaeiaaeaiiy eaoaioiiai
ia??iaeo ? cieaeaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI a?aeia?aaea? cao?eieo oeaio?aeueieo
i?ioean?a ? oiia?eueiaiiy i?iaaaeaiiy aoa?aioiiai ?iioeueno ii
iinoaaiae?iia?ieo aieieiao, a cieaeaiiy aiie?ooaee ? iane?aeeii
aaia?aoe?? a?eueo neaaeiai ieno?aeiiai neaiaeo. Ia aeoieo I.I.Aaeia,
A.A.Aeaieeiaa (1992), aiaeia?/i? ci?ie ANOI oa?aeoa?i? aeey i?aai?/ieo
o?aaeaiue naaiaioa?ieo aaaaoaoeaieo no?oeoo?.

Oe?eaaeie ? ?acoeueoaoe ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co ia?aiao??a ANOI o oai?eo
c ??cieie ee?i?/ieie oi?iaie AAe. Oae, o ae?oae c IOeAe niinoa??aa?oueny
iaea?eueoa nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI c eenoae oa noii, oiae?
ye i?e ANAe iaecia/i?oa i?aeaeuo?oueny aiie?ooaea iioaioe?ae?a c eenoae
? noii. I?e oeueiio o ae?oae c IOeAe aeinoia??ii cia/eii i?aeaeuaia
?inoi-eaaeoaeueia aeenioe?aoe?y. Ia i?aenoaa? oeueiai iiaeia i?eionoeoe,
ui i?e IOeAe ?noioii ciaioo?oueny oeaio?aeueia cao?eiea neaiae?a,
i/aaeaeii, aiane?aeie cia/ii? aeoeaaoe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio iaaieo
a?aeae?e?a aieiaiiai iiceo. O ae?oae c ANAe i?aeaeuaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI
? iane?aeeii ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? aoyaiaieo o a?aeiia?aeue iioiaeo
caeic, ui nae?aoothoue. Oea ocaiaeaeo?oueny c ?acoeueoaoaie E?A, ui
na?ae/aoue i?i i?aeneeaiiy neiiaoe/iiai aieeao AIN o oai?eo aeaii?
a?oie.

I?e aiae?c? ia?aiao??a ANOI o oai?eo c ANAe caeaaeii a?ae aaee/eie AO
aeyaeeinue, ui o ae?oae c a?ia?oaic??th niinoa??aa?oueny aneiao?e/i?noue
iieaciee?a ia e?ioe?aeao, a oaeiae ni?aaa aai ce?aa. I?e oeueiio
a?aeaoaa?oueny cia/ia nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI c iiaa?oi?
noii ? iiaeiaaeaiiy c i?aai? eeno?. Aneiao?e/i?noue oa?aeoa?ia oaeiae
aeey aiie?ooaee ANOI, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny cia/iei ca?eueoaiiyi
eiao?oe??ioa aneiao??? aiie?ooaee. Iniaeeai cia/eii c?inoaea
?inoi-eaoaeaeueia aeenioe?aoe?y ? ?? eiao?oe??io ca?eueooaaany aei
520,0?46,1%. Aeey oai?eo c a?iioaiceaiei oeiii ANAe iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ia
cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee ANOI, iniaeeai c iiaa?oi? aeieiiae, yea
c?inoaea a 8-10 ? a?eueoa ?ac?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo aeaieo iiaeia ae?eoe aeniiaeo, ui nai???aei?noue
iaoa?ia ci?i ANOI o ae?oae c a?ia?oaiceaiei oeiii ANAe na?ae/eoue i?i
o?aaeaiiy aaaaoaoeaieo iae?ii?a, ia ui ?ai?oa caa?ioee oaaao I.I. Aaei
oa A.A.Aeaieeia (1992).

O oai?eo c IAI, ia?aa?a yei? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny neiiaoiaae?aiaeiaeie
e?ecaie, niinoa??aa?oueny cia/ia nei?i/aiiy eaoaioiiai ia??iaeo ANOI c
iiaa?oi? noii ? ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee iioaioe?ae?a, a?eueo cia/eii c
iiaa?oi? aeieiiae. Ia?aaaaeaiiy aiie?ooaee c iiaa?oi? aeieiiae
a?aeia?aaea?oueny ia ca?eueoaii? iieacieea ?inoi-eaoaeaeueii?
aeenioe?aoe??.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ANOI o ae?oae c AAe, ye? iino?eii
i?iaeeaathoue a Ee?a?, oa aaaeoeiaaieo c I?ei’yo?, ia aeyaeee ?noioii?
??cieoe?. Caa?oa? ia oaaao oaiaeaioe?y aei a?eueo aeniei? aiie?ooaee
ANOI o ae?oae c AAe, ye? iino?eii i?iaeeaathoue a Ee?a?. Aiie?ooaea
iioaioe?ae?a aoea noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??ii ??ciith o?eueee c iiaa?oi?
e?ai? ieaeiuei? e?ioe?aee. E??i oiai, o ae?oae c AAe, ye? iino?eii
i?iaeeaathoue a Ee?a?, eiao?oe??io aneiao??? ?inoi-eaoaeaeueii?
aeenioe?aoe?? aoa iaeaea o 2 ?ace aeuee – 112,7?30,5%, i?ae o oai?eo,
aaaeoeiaaieo c I?ei’yo? – 65,9?14,4% (?

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