?INOEOOO IAAe?AO???, AEOOA?NOAA OA A?IAEIEIA??AEAAeAI?? IAAeE*IEO
IAOE OE?A?IE

EAIE?IA EA?ENA ?AAAI?AIA

OAeE : 616.8-001.83-053.3:612.64

INIAEEAINO? IAOAAIE?*II? AAeAIOAOe?? IIAIIA?IAeAEAIEO C A?IIENE*II
– ?OAI?*IEI O?AAEAIIssI OeAIO?AEUeII? IA?AIAI?NENOAIE OA IAOIAeE
EI?AEOe?? ?? II?OOAIUe

14.01.10 – iaae?ao??y

AAOI?AOA?AO

Aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

EE?A – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeia? ea??aieee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?y?a Ieeiea Eaii?aeiae/

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee
oi?aa?neoao

caa. eaoaae?ith aini?oaeueii?
iaae?ao??? c i?neyaeeieiiiith i?aeaioiaeith

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie, i?ioani?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aiae?ouoe Ae?na Iiaian?aia

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao
?i. I.I. Aiaiiieueoey (i.Ee?a)

eaoaae?a iaae?ao??? ? 1, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oeuaiei Aaeaioeia Aiae???aia

Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia
aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie

caa. eaoaae?ith iaiiaoieia?? oa
oieoaeueii? iaae?ao??? ? 2 OII

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
IIC Oe?a?ie

?i.I.E.Ooieea, eaoaae?a iaiiaoieia??

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 23 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.553.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe ca
niaoe?aeueiinoyie “Iaae?ao??y”, “Aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y” i?e
?inoeooo? iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (254052,
i.Ee?a, aoe. Iaio?euenueeiai, 8)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo iaae?ao???,
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (254052, i.Ee?a, aoe.
Iaio?euenueeiai, 8)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “23 “ ethoiai 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe
Eaaoi?ia E.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. A?iiene/ii-?oai?/ia o?aaeaiiy oeaio?aeueii?
ia?aiai? nenoaie (A?O OeIN) o ia?eiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? a?aeiineoueny aei
?iciianthaeaeaii? iaoieia?? o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiei
iaoiaaiacii ? aenieith ?iia??i?noth iani?eyoeeaeo iane?aee?a [ Oaaaeia
I.I. ? ni?aaao. (1990), Eoeueyiiaa A.I. ? ni?aaao. (1991), Williams C.E.
et. al. (1993), Schneiber H. (1993), Eaoii?ia I.A., Ooiueei A.A.
(1997)].

Ee?i?/i? i?iyae ano?en?? niinoa??aathoueny o 3-9 aeiaaeeao ia 1000
iieia?a [Thompson D.G. (1994)]. A Oe?a?i? eiaeia aeanyoa aeeoeia
ia?iaeaeo?oueny c i?iyaaie a?iien??, yea ia?aaaaeii ? oi?io?
iioeiaeaeaiiy OeIN, i?ecaiaey/e o /anoeie ae?oae aei aeeaiei?
?iaae?aeiino? [Noe?ia I.A.(1995)]. A no?oeoo?? iaea/i? nia?oiino? ie?ai?
noaie, ui aeieeee o ia?eiaoaeueiiio ia??iae?, o oiio /ene? ? ano?en?y,
ciaoiaeyoueny ia ia?oiio i?no? [Aieaea I.A., Aa?aaeiee A.TH. ? ni?aaao.
(1996), Aieaea I.A. (1997)].

Iei? i ia?eiaoieia?? ia ia? aaniethoii oi/ieo e?eoa???a aeey aecia/aiiy
nooiaiy o?aaeaiiy OeIN oa eiai cai?ioiino?. Aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo oano?a oa
ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea ?o ?ioi?iaoeaiino? aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe oi/i?noue
i?iaiico, o oiio /ene? ? uiaei caoai?thaaiino? oa eaoaeueiiai iane?aeeo
o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN [Pitkanen O.M. et.al. (1990), Castro Conde
J.R. et.al (1993), A?euaiei A.?. ? ni?aaao. (1993), Bose C.K. et.al
(1995)].

Aeinyaioo? oni?oe o e?eoaaii? A?O OeIN iaoiiaeai? aaeaeaaoiith
ei?aeoe??th iaoaaie?/ieo ii?ooaiue, aeei?enoaiiyi iiio?iiieo,
naaeaoeaieo, i?ioenoaeiiieo e?ea?nueeeo cania?a. Iiaeaeueo? ia?niaeoeae
e?eoaaiiy iia”ycai? c o?aooaaiiyi i?iaiinoe/ii? oe?iiino?aeyaeaieo
iaoaaie?/ieo ci?i oa ?o ei?aeoe?? [Eaoii?ia I.A., Ooiueei A.A.? ni?aaao.
(1995)].

Aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie aeiaaaeaii ui aiane?aeie ano?en?? o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo uo??a ii?ooo?oueny io?eiiaee iai?i oa aeieeathoue
ooeiaeaeaiiy a OeIN. Iiia?aaei? aaaaeaiiy aeiio??iieo ni?ey? ciaioaiith
ai?noo ??aeeie a iiceo oa iiia?aaeaeo? aeieeiaiiy oyaee?o ii?oieia?/ieo
ooeiaeaeaiue a OeIN [Palmer C., Vannucci R.S. et.al. (1990), Palmer C.
(1998)]. Ee?i?/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie i?aeoaa?aeaeaii iayai?noue
io?eiiaiai iai?io o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aiane?aeie o?ii?/ii?
aioo??oiueioo?iaii? a?iien??, aea ia iieacaii aca?iica”ycie oeeo
ii?ooaiue c? nooiaiai oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy OeIN oa ia cai?iiiiiaaii
cania?a ei?aeoe?? oeeo ci?i iaoaaie?cio a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai?? A?O OeIN
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae [Aeauaeeia I.O. ? ni?aaao. (1990) ?icaiiaa A.I.
(1990)].

Ca”cie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. Iniiai? o?aaiaioe ?iaioe
aeeiioaaeenue o ?aieao iaoeiai? oaiaoeee eaoaae?e, yea o?iainoaaeany
AeEIO ? 01.06.03/93 (1993-1997) ? i?ia?aie ia?oia?noaa i?ae Iaeanueeith
iaeaniith ee?i?/iith e?ea?iath oa Iueth-Ei?nueeith e?ea?iath Eii?
Aeeaiae i?e i?aeo?eioe? Aia?eeainueeiai i?aeia?iaeiiai nithco ioi?iie
caei?ia”y (A?IA).

Iaoa ?iaioe. Iie?ioeoe ?acoeueoaoe oa?ai?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN
ia i?aenoaa? ioe?iee ?ie? ia?eiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo, o?aooaaiiy
i?iaiinoe/iiai cia/aiiy iieaciee?a ??aiy na/iai? (NE), iiei/ii? (IE),
i??iaeiia?aaeii? eeneio (IAE) ? e?i?aeii? ia?ieneaeaoe?? (IIE) oa
aeeth/aiiy aei eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? iaoaaie?/ii aeoeaiiai i?aia?aoo
aeiio?eiieo.

Iniiai? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe /ooeea?noue, niaoe?o?/i?noue oa i?iaiinoe/io oe?ii?noue
ia?eiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo uiaei eiia??iino? ?icaeoeo A?O OeIN o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

2. Aea/eoe iniaeea?noue ee?i?/iiai ia?aa?ao A?O OeIN o aca?iica”yceo c
ianoaaeiaie aioa- oa ?io?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo, noaiii io?eiiaiai
iai?io, aiaa?iaiiai ae?eie?co oa e?i?aeii? ia?ieneaeaoe??.

3. Aecia/eoe ae?aaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy iaoiaeo aeenoaioe?eii? ?a?no?aoe??
?ioaineaiino? oaieiaiai iioieo c iiaa?oi? o?ea iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, ye
?iaeeeaoi?a ee?i?/iiai noaio iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN.

4. Ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy a eiiieaenoi?e oa?ai?? A?O OeIN
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo iaoaaie?/ii aeoeaiiai i?aia?aoo aeiio?eiieo.

Iaoeiaa iia?cia. Aia?oa aeyaeaii ee?i?/ia cia/aiiy ii?ooaiiy io?eiiaiai
iai?io ? anoaiiaeaii aca?iica”ycie i?ae nooiaiai oyaeeino? A?O OeIN oa
??aiai na/iai? eeneioe o ne?iaaooe? e?ia?. Aeyaeaii ?ioaineo?eaoe?th
i?ioean?a e?i?aeii? ia?ieneaeaoe?? oa aiaa?iaiiai ae?eie?co. Aia?oa
ioe?iaii aoaeoeai?noue eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? A?O OeIN c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeiio?eiieo. ?ic?iaeaii noaie canoinoaaiiy aeiio?eiieo i?e A?O OeIN.
Aia?oa aecia/aii ae?aaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy iaoiaeo aeenoaioe?eii?
?a?no?aoe?? ?ioaineaiino? oaieiaiai iioieo c iiaa?oi? o?ea o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN. Aia?oa ioe?iaii i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy
ia?eiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo oa aea/aieo a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a uiaei
eiia??iino? ?icaeoeo o?aaeaiiy OeIN o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? i?iaiinoe/ieo
oano?a, eio?? aecia/athoue ?iia??i?noue iani?eyoeeaiai ia?aa?ao
iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo. ??aaiue NE o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaii ye e?eoa??e ioe?iee nooiaith oyaeeino? A?O OeIN o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Iieacieee ??aiy NE, IE ? iaeiiiaiai ae?aeueaeaa?aeo
(IAeA) iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ye oanoe uiaei i?iaiicoaaiiy o?aaeaiiy
OeIN o aeiiioaieo oa iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo i?ioyaii ?aiiueiai
iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iaa?oiooaaee iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaiiy ii?oaoeaiiai ?aae?iiao?o aeey aeni?an-eiio?ieth nooiaiy
ii?ooaiiy ia?eoa?e/ii? i?e?ioe??eoeyoe?? o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN.
Aeei?enoaiiy aeiio?eiieo aeicaiey? aeinyaiooe iie?ioaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? ? ni?ey? ?aa?ano iaa?ieia?/ii? neiioiiaoeee,
nei?i/aiith o?eaaeino? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? oa?ai??, cieaeaiith eaoaeueiino?
oa iie?auaiith iieaciee?a ineoi-iioi?iiai ?icaeoeo o eaoaiiac?.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee ae?aaiinoeee oa
e?eoaaiiy A?O OeIN, aeeeaaeai? o aeena?oaoe??, aeei?enoiaothoueny a
iieiaiaiio aoaeeieo Iaeanueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i?, a
niaoe?ae?ciaaieo iieiaiaeo aoaeeieao ?5 oa ? 2 i. Iaeane, iieiaiaiio
aoaeeieo Oe?E ?icae?eueiyinueeiai ?aeiio Iaeanueei? iaeano?, iaaiai?ai?
ia e?ea?iyieo nai?ia?ao oa eiioa?aioe?yo.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a ?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a. Aaoi?ii
i?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueiee ee?i?/iee aiae?c iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao aioa-,
?io?a- oa ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iae?a o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae
ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy aeooa?nueeiai aiaiiaco iaoa??a. Anoaiiaeaii
acaaiica”ycie i?ae oaeoi?aie ?eceeo oa nooiaiai oyaeeino? A?O OeIN o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. I?iaaaeaii aeanii?o/ia aecia/aiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? NE,
IE oa IAE o ne?iaaooe? oa ieaci? e?ia?. Iaa?oioiaaii iaoiae
aeenoaioe??ii? ?a?no?aoe?? oaieiaiai iioieo c iiaa?oi? o?ea ui ioe?ith?
noai ia?eoa?e/ii? i?e?ioe??eoeyoe?? o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae.
Iaa?oioiaaii niin?a aecia/aiiy nooiaiy oyaeeino? A?O OeIN aeoiaey/e c
??aiy NE o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oa niin?a e?eoaaiiy A?O OeIN c canoinoaaiiyi
aeiio?eiieo. Cae?eniaia noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? oa iaaiai?ai? ia
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeuoaoaeueiua
?anno?ienoaa, ia?ooaiea e?iaiia?auaiey e ae?oaea aeooaeueiua aii?inu
iaiiaoieiaee” (Oa?ueeia, 1993), Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Oai?aoe/aneea e eeeie/aneea aii?inu aeaoneie ea?aeeieiaee”
(Oa?ueeia, 1993), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? i?enay/ai?e 100-e?ooth
Iaeanueei? iaeanii? ineo?ao??/ii? e?ea?i? ?1 (Iaeana, 1993), ?V
iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? “Aieacie i?aaiia aeuoaiey” (Iineaa, 1994),
i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iaaeiiooaaiiy,
?ioaineaiiai aeoiaeaeoaaiiy oa e?eoaaiiy ia?aae/anii ia?iaeaeaieo
ae?oae” (Ee?a, 1995), VI eiia?an? Na?oiai? oaaea?aoe?? oe?a?inueeeo
e?ea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa (Iaeana, 1996), can?aeaiiyo Iaeanueeiai oiaa?enoaa
aeeoy/eo e?ea??a (1995, 1996, 1997).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 17 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, c
ieo 5 noaoae o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 3 iaoaioe ia aeiao?ae, 2 noaoo? o
ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ca oaoii, oace naie aeiiia?aeae.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo
e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo, i?enay/aiiai iaoiaeai aeine?aeaeaiue, o?ueo
?icae?e?a aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Iiaiee ianya ?iaioe: 206
noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, c ieo 25 noi??iie caeiathoue iaethiee, 3
noi??iee – oaaeeoe?, 35 noi??iie – nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ye?e
i?noeoue 163 a?o/eciyieo oa 191 ioae?eaoe?? ?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. O oiae? aeeiiaiiy ?iaioe aoei
ianoaaeaii 383 aaa?oi?, o 265 c ei?oeo iieiae a?aeaoeeny o oa?i?i 39-40
oeaei?a, o 118 – iieiae aoee ia?aae/anieie. I?e 110 iieiaao ia?iaeeeeny
caei?ia? ae?oe, 86 c yeeo aoee aeiiioaieie, 24 – iaaeiiioaieie (4 –
eiio?ieueia a?oia). 273 iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ia?iaeeeeny c iciaeaie A?O
OeIN, 155 c yeeo aoee aeiiioaieie, 118 – iaaeiiioaieie. On? ae?oe c A?O
OeIN aoee iiae?eai? ia 3 a?oie a?aeiia?aeii aei oa?aeoa?o iaa?ieia?/ieo
ii?ooaiue: 1 – iiaiia?iaeaeaiee c o?aaeaiiyi OeIN eaaeiai nooiaiy, o
yeeo ee?i?/ii a?aecia/aany neiae?ii i?aeaeuaii? ia?aiai-?aoeaeoi?ii?
caoaeeeaino? (87 – aeiiioai? ? 40 – iaaeiiioai?); 2 — iiaiia?iaeaeaiee c
o?aaeaiiyi OeIN na?aaeiueiai nooiaiy oyaeeino? o aeaeyae?
a?ia?oaic?eii-a?ae?ioeaoaeueiiai neiae?iio, neiae?iio i?eai?/aiiy,
noaeiiiiai neiae?iio aai iayaiino? aiaieuaai? neiioiiaoeee (48 –
aeiiioai? ? 40 – iaaeiiioai?); 3 — iiaiia?iaeaeaiee c o?aaeaiiyi OeIN
oyaeeiai nooiaiy o aeaeyae? eiiaoiciiai noaio aai eiia?ioaaiiy
aeae?eueeio ia?ae?/aieo neiae?ii?a (20 – aeiiioai? ? 38 – iaaeiiioai?).

Eiiieaen ee?i?/iiai ianoaaeaiiy neeaaeaany c caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo
iaoiae?a: aiaiiaco, ia”?eoeaieo aeaieo, eaai?aoi?iiai ianoaaeaiiy.
Aecia/aany iaa?ieia?/iee noai iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai. Eiioeaio?aoe?th NE
aecia/aee o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ca iaoiaeii Aeoai?ia, eio?ee ?
iiaeeo?eaoe??th ea?aiiaoiiai niiniao Oie?ia-Aeai?na (Anaoeaie A.N.,
1965, Ai?y/eianeee A.I., 1994). Aecia/aiiy IAeA a e?ia? cae?enithaaee ca
aeiiiiiaith o?iaa?a?oo?iai? eeneioe ca iaoiaeii Noaeueii? ?.Ae. oa
Aa??oa?e? A.A. (1977).Ai?no a?ae?iia?aeenae e?i?ae?a (AIE) o ieaci?
e?ia? aecia/aee niaeo?ioioiia?e/iei iaoiaeii Aaa?eeiaa A.A.,
Ieoei?oaeii? I.?. (1983). Ia?aeenia ?acenoaioi?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a (I?A)
aecia/aeany ca iaoiaeii Jader F.C. (1968) a iiaeeo?eaoe??
Aine?anainueeiai I.I. ? Ooiaiiaa A.A. (1982). Eiioeaio?aoe?y IE ? IAE o
ieaci? e?ia? aecia/aeany aiceiiei iaoiaeii (Eeia A.A., Eaiuoaa
A.N.,1982). E?ia a?aee o anaioe/ieo oiiaao c ia?eoa?eeii? aaie, a
?aieia? aiaeeie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiioaaee o aeeiai?oe?: ia 1-2 ? 5-7
aeaiue aeeooy. sse i?aaeei, e?ia aeine?aeaeoaaeany e?eueeiia
niaoe?aeueieie iaoiaeeeaie iaeii/anii. Noai ia?eoa?e/ii?
i?e?ioe??eoeyoe?? aea/aany iaoiaeii aaceiioaeoii? ?a?no?aoe?? oaieiaiai
iioieo c iiaa?oi? o?ea iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai ca aeiiiiiaith ii?oaoeaiiai
?aae?iiao?o, caoeuaiiai A.n.?1261621.

Io?eiai? o i?ioean? niinoa?aaeaiue /eneia? aeai? ia?iaethaaeeny
iaoiaeaie iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee c ?ic?aooieii na?aaei?o aaee/ei,
na?aaei?o eaaae?aoe/ieo a?aeoeeaiue, a?aeiia?aeath/eo iieacieeai o a?oi?
oai?eo oa caei?iaeo ae?oae. Aeey ioe?iee a??ia?aeiino? a?aei?iiino?
ii??aithaaieo iieaciee?a aeei?enoiaoaaany e?eoa??e Noth”aeaioa. Io?eiai?
a?aei?iiino? aeciaaaeeny iaaeiaaeeiaeie, yeui ?iia??i?noue (?) ia
ia?aaeuoaaea 0,05. I?e ia?iaoe? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeeiioaaany
ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c, ei?aeyoe?eiee aiae?c ?aia?a Ni??iaia,
?ic?aoiaoaaeeny eiao?oe??ioe anioe?aoe?? oa aaee/eie aaia?aeueii?
noeoiiino?. I?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy aea/aieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo ? a?io?i?/ieo
iieaciee?a uiaei eiia??iino? aeieeiaiiy A?O OeIN o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aoei
aea/aii ca aeiiiiiaith /ooeeaino?, niaoeeo?/iino? oa i?iaiinoe/ii?
oe?iiino? oano?a Vechio T.J. (1966), Galen R.S. (1980), Figueras Aloy J.
et.al (1992), Frey B., Pfenninger J., Bachmann D. (1995).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. Aiae?c aeieeiaiiy A?O OeIN
o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo iieacaa i?ia?aeia cia/aiiy iaoa?einueei? iaoieia??,
eio?a a iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo cono??/aeany a 92% aeiaaee?a na?aae
aeiiioaieo ? iaeaea a 100% aeiaaee?a na?aae iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae. Eeoa
2,6% iaoa??a ia iaee oaeoi??a ?eceeo ? o 16,4% aoei aeyaeaii iecueeee
nooi?iue ia?eiaoaeueiiai ?eceeo. I?ia?aeieie iani?eyoeeaeie oaeoi?aie
aeyaeeeny aeno?aaai?oaeuei? oai?iae, eio?? niinoa??aaeeny o 59% ae?iie
i?e aeiiioai?e aaa?oiino? ? o 62,7% ae?iie i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino?.
Oneeaaeiaiee ia?aa?a aaa?oiino? ae?aaiinoiaaii o 65,4% aeiaaee?a i?e
aeiiioai?e aaa?oiino? ? o 99,1% — i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino?. Na?aae
iaoa??a a?eia? aeey ia?oeo iieia?a neeaee o a?oi? aeiiioaieo ?
iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae 12,2% oa 16,9%, thi? – 1,9% oa 2,5% a?aeiia?aeii.

Aea/aeany /ooeea?noue, niaoeeo?/i?noue oa i?iaiinoe/ia oe?ii?noue
ia?eiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo uiaei eiia??iino? aeieeiaiiy A?O OeIN o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Na?aae on?o aioaiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo eeoa
iayai?noue caa?ice ia?a?eaaiiy aaa?oiino? iaea na?aaeith /ooeea?noue
(55,0%), aenieo niaoeeo?/i?noue (91,3%), oa aenieo i?iaiinoe/io
oe?ii?noue uiaei eiia??iino? aeieeiaiiy A?O OeIN o iaaeiiioaieo
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. On?i ?io?aiaoaeueiei oaeoi?ai ?eceeo aeanoeaa iecueea
/ooeea?noue, aeinoaoiuei aeniea niaoeeo?/i?noue oa i?iaiinoe/ia
oe?ii?noue uiaei eiia??iino? ?icaeoeo A?O OeIN o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, ui
iaoiiaeaii ?o ??ciiiai?oi?noth. Iaeiae i?e eiia?ioaaii? aioaiaoaeueieo
oaeoi??a oaeeo,ye iayai?noue o aaa?oii? a aiaiiac? iaaee/ieo aai?o?a
iaia?aaeiaei? aaa?oiino?, caiaethaaeueieo a?iaeieia?/ieo oai?ia
iaia?aaeiaei? aai i?ae /an aaa?oiino? oa aanoico i?ioyaii aaa?oiino?
?ecee ia?iaeaeaiiy aeeoeie cA?O OeIN i?e aeiiioai?e aaa?oiino?
i?aeaeuo?oueny (/ooeea?noue – 77%, niaoeeo?/i?noue – 89,5%, i?iaiinoe/ia
oe?ii?noue – 93,1%). I?e eiia?ioaaii? o aaa?oii? iaaee/ieo aai?o?a
iaia?aaeiaei? aaa?oiino?, caiaethaaeueieo a?iaeieia?/ieo oai?ia
iaia?aaeiaei? aai i?ae /an aaa?oiino?, aanoico ?? iieiaeie oa caa?ice
ia?a?eaaiiy i?ioyaii iaaeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? c?inoa? ?ecee ia?iaeaeaiiy
aeeoeie c A?O OeIN (/ooeea?noue – 78,0%, niaoeeo?/i?noue – 92,0%,
i?iaiinoe/ia oe?ii?noue – 96,1%). Ii?aeiaiiy ?io?aiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a
?eceeo oaeeo ye aei?iaeiaa aeeeooy iaieieiie?aeieo aiae c iaeii?aeueieie
aiaeaie oa iaaeooy ioiiaeiith iaae?oae ooeoaa oa oe? i?aeaeuo? ?ecee
aeieeiaiiy A?O OeIN ye o aeiiioaieo oae ? o iaaeiiioaieo
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo (/ooeea?noue – 78,7% ? 72,0%, niaoeeo?/i?noue – 89,5% ?
88,0%, i?iaiinoe/ia oe?ii?noue – 93,1% ? 93,4% a?aeiia?aeii).

E?eoa??yie oyaeeino? noaio oa aoaeoeaiino? i?iaaaeaii? oa?ai?? na?aae
aaaaoueio ee?i?/ieo iciae aoee ia?ai? oa?i?ie a?aeiiaeaiiy ?aoeaen?a
ia??iaeo iiaiia?iaeaeaiino?, nooiaeeeeiaeo oa ia??inoaeueieo ?aoeaen?a,
iie?auaiiy ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oa noaio ia?eoa?e/ii? i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??,
?aa?ano iaa?ieia?/ii? neiioiiaoeee, i?eeeaaeaiiy aei a?oaeae.

Na?aae ianoaaeaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ia?aaaaeaee aeiiioai? ae?oe c ianith
3001-3700 a, iaaeiiioai? ae?oe c ianith 2001-2900 a, ae?oae c aaaith
iaioa 1000 a ia aoei. ;

Ca nooiaiai iaaeiiioaiino? iiaiia?iaeaeai? ?iciiae?eeeeny: ? nooi?iue
niinoa??aaany o 69 (58,5 %), II nooi?iue-o 34 (28,8%), III nooi?iue-o 15
(12,7%) ae?oae.

O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c eaaeei nooiaiai A?O OeIN i?ia?aeiei iioeiaeaeoth/ei
oaeoi?ii aeyaeeany aioo??oiueioo?iaia a?iien?y ieiaea, ui iaea i?noea o
62,1 % aeiaaee?a o aeiiioaieo ? o 32,5% — o iaaeiiioaieo, ia aeieth
aino?i? ?io?aiaoaeueii? ano?en?? oa niieo/aii? a?iien?? i?eiaaeaei 25,3%
oa 12,6% o aeiiioaieo ? 40% ? 24,5% — a?aeiia?aeii o iaaeiiioaieo. I?e
na?aaeiueiio nooiai? oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy OeIN oaeiae i?ia?aeiei
ooeiaeaeoth/ei oaeoi?ii aoea o?ii?/ia a?iien?y ieiaea — 53,1 %, aeiey
eio?i? cieceeany ii??aiyii c a?oiith c eaaeei nooiaiai oyaeeino?,
ca?eueoeany a?aenioie aino?i? ano?en?? aei 38,8% oa niieo/aii? — aei 8,1
% o aeiiioaieo. O oie /an ye o iaaeiiioaieo aino?o oa niieo/aio
a?iien?th aeyaeaii o 73,2% oa 17,1 % a?aeiia?aeii, aioo??oiueioo?iaio
a?iien?th ieiaea – o 9,7%. O ae?oae c A?O OeIN oyaeeiai nooiaiy aino?o
?io?aiaaaeueio ano?en?th ae?aaiinoiaaii o 50% aeiaaee?a, a o?ii?/ia oa
niieo/aia a?iien?y cono??/aeeny o 25% aeiaaee?a eiaeia o aeiiioaieo,
oiae? ye o iaaeiiioaieo aino?a oa niieo/aia a?iien?y cono??/aeeny
i?eaeecii c iaeiaeiaith /anoioith — 48,7% oa 43,2% a?aeiia?aeii, a
o?ii?/ia a?iien?y ieiaea — o 8,1 % aeiaaee?a.

?aii?e iaiiaoaeueiee ia??iae o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c eaaeei nooiaiai A?O
OeIN caeaa?eueoiai iaa ni?eyoeeaee ia?aa?a, eaoaeuei? aeiaaeee aoee
a?aenooi?. O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c na?aaei?i oa oyaeeei nooiaiai aeieeaee
oneeaaeiaiiy: iae/ano?oa cono??/aeeny iiaaiii?y (9% a a?oi? aeiiioaieo ?
65,3% a a?oi? iaaeiiioaieo) oa a?ia?a?e??oa?iai?y ??ciiai aaiaco (6,5% o
aeiiioaieo ? 16%o iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo). A iaio a?oiao a iaeeie/ieo
aeiaaeeao cono??/aeeny aioo??oiueioeoii/eia? e?iaiaeeeae,
iaa?yeiai-aaii?aa?/iee neiae?ii, iae?ioe/iee aioa?ieie?o. C? c?inoaiiyi
oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy OeIN ca?eueooaaeanue e?euee?noue eaoaeueieo
aeiaaee?a, eio?a na?aae aeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c oyaeeei nooiaiai
A?O OeIN cono??/aeanue o 5% aeiaaee?a. O iaaeiiioaieo eaoaeuei? aeiaaeee
iaee i?noea ye o a?oi? c oyaeeei nooiaiai (7,9%), oae ? a a?oi? c
na?aaei?i nooiaiai oyaeeino? (12,2%). I?e/eiith eaaaeueieo aeiaaee?a
aoee AOE, iaa?yeiai-aaii?aa?/iee neiae?ii oa iiaaiii?y. Aaaeeeaee aieea
ia iani?eyoeeaee ia?aa?a iaa iecueeee no?ie aanoaoe??.

Aea/aii iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ii?oaoeaiiai ?aae?iiao?o aeey
ne?ei?iaiai? ioe?iee noaio ia?eoa?e/ii? i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? o
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN.

O caei?iaeo aeiiioaieo oa iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aeyaeaii
a??ia?aeio ??cieoeth a ?ioaineaiino? oaieiaiai iioieo c iiaa?oi? o?ea
iaae iaeanoth na?oey oa aa?oi?ie ? ieaei?ie e?ioe?aeaie oa iii?ae
aa?oi?ie oa ieaei?ie e?ioe?aeaie, ui iaoiiaeaii ??ciith oaeaee?noth
e?iaiia?ao. O ae?oae c a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iei o?aaeaiiyi OeIN
niinoa??aaeiny a??ia?aeia cieaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino? oaieiaiai iioieo iaae
aa?oi?ie oa ieaei?ie e?ioe?aeaie aiane?aeie ii?ooaiiy ia?eoa?e/ii?
i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? oa ei?aethaaei c? nooiaiai oyaeeino? ye o aeiiioaieo,
oae ? o iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo. Iaea?eueoa cieaeaiiy ?io?a/a?aiiiai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy a?aecia/aeiny o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae c oyaeeei nooiaiai
A?O OeIN.

C?noaaeaiiy iieaciee?a ??aiy NE o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? caei?iaeo
iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aeyaeeiiayai?noue a?aeiinii a?eueo aeniei?
eiioeaio?aoe?? NE o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? a ia?o? 2 aei? aeeooy c ianooiiei
cieaeaiiyi ?? ia 5-7 aeaiue ye o aeiiioaieo, oae ? o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae
(?<0,05). O aeiiioaieo oa iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae c A?O OeIN a?aeaoaaeiny cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?ao NE eio?a ei?aethaaei c? nooiaiai oyaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiiy OeIN. Eiioeaio?aoe?y NE o aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae c eaaeei oa na?aaei?i nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy OeIN i?aeaeuoaaeany o 1,5-3 ?ace ? caeeoaeany noaeith i?ioyaii ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo. Ai?no NE o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae c oyaeeei nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy OeIN aoa iaeaeuei ? aeaaaa 0,995±0,110 iiieue/e a ia?o? aei? aeeooy, c?inoath/e ia 5-7 aeaiue aeeooy aei 1,437±0.130 iiieue/e o aeiiioaieo (?-Ae.02), oiae? ye o iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo a?i caeeoaany noaeei i?ioyoa anueiai ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo. Noaoenoe/ii? a?aei?iiino? iieaciee?a ??aiy NE a a?oiao aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ia aeyaeyeiny, e??i ae?oae c eaaeei nooiaiai oyaeeino? ooeiaeoiy iiceo, i?e yeiio o iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo ai?no NE aoa iaioei ? noaoenoe/ii a?aei?iiei a?ae iieaciee?a aeiiioaieo ae?oae i?ioyaii 7 aei?a aeeooy (?<0,05). I?e ioe?ioe? ??aiy IE oa IAE o caei?iaeo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae aecia/aii, ui o aeiiioaieoiiaiia?iaeaeaieo ai?no IE o ieaci? e?ia? o ia?o? 2 aei? aeeooy aoa a?eueo aenieei (2,74± 0,02 iiieue/e) ? a??ia?aeii cieaeoaaany iai?ee?ioe? ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo (1,99 ±0,18iiieue/e) oa a?ae??ciyany a?ae oaeiai iieacieea o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae (2,39±0,04iiieue/e) ia ii/aoeo ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo (?<0,05). Eiioeaio?aoe?y IAE o caei?iaeo aeiiioaieo oa IE ? IAE o caei?iaeo iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo caeeoaeany ia iaeiiio ??ai? i?ioyaii anueiai ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo. Ai?no IAE o ieaci? e?ia? aeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ia 5-7 aeaiue aeeooy (0,084±0,016 iiieue/e) ?noioii ia?aaeuoaaa oeae iieaciee o caei?iaeo iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo (0,034 ±0,013 iiieue/e) a o? ae oa?i?ie (?<0,05). O aeiiioaieo oa iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae c A?O OeIN niinoa??aaeiny noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy IE a ieaci? e?ia? ii??aiyii ?c caei?iaeie iaiiaeyoaie i?ioyaii anueiai ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo. A??ia?aeii? a?aei?iiino? iieaciee?a IE iii?ae a?oiaie c ??ciei nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy iiceo ia aoei, e??i a?oi c eaaeei (3,43±0,21 iiieue/e) ? na?aaei?i nooiaiai (4,51±0,39 iiieue/e) o?aaeaiiy OeIN ia ii/aoeo ? a?oi c eaaeei (3,4a±0,030 iiieue/e) oa oyaeeei (4,45±0,032iiieue/e) nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy OeIN iai?ee?ioe? ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo o aeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo (?<0,05). Eiioeaio?aoe?y IAE o ieaci? e?ia? aeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo caeeoaeany aac ci?i. Oei /anii o iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN a?aeaoaaeiny a??ia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? IAE ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith i?ioyaii ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo, aea a?aei?iiino? iieaciee?a IAEiii?ae a?oiaie c ??ciei nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy iiceo ia niinoa??aaeiny. Aiae?c i?ioeano IIE i?aeoaa?aeea a?eueo aenieo eiai iai?oaeai?noue aiane?aeie a?iien??, i?i ui na?ae/eoue i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy IAeA o aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN i?ioyaii ia?oeo nai? aei?a aeeooy ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith. Noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii? ??cieoe? iii?ae a?oiaie ae?oae c iioeiaeaeaiiyi iiceo ia ciaeaeaii, e??i a?oi c eaaeei (3,87±0,24iiieue/e) oa oyaeeei nooiaiai (5,78±0,60 iiieue/e) o aeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo ia 5-7 aeaiue aeeooy ? c eaaeei (3,17±0,57 iiieue/e) oa oyaeeei (5,70±0,80 iiieue/e) nooiaiai A?O OeIN a ia?o? aea? aeiae aeeooy o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae (?<0,05). Eiioeaio?aoe?y IAeA i?ioyaii ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo caeeoaeany noaeith na?aae on?o a?oi. Ci?i o iieacieeao I?A ? AIE ia a?aeaoaaeiny. ?ioi?iaoeai?noue aea/aieo iieaciee?a i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?ic?aoiaaieie eiao?oe??ioaie ei?aeyoe??. Aecia/aii i?yiee neeueiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca'ycie i?ae nooiaiai oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy OeIN oa eiioeaio?aoe??th NE ('=+0,850, ?<0,001) o aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo('=+0,968, ?<0,001)iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. O iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae oaeiae aeyaeaii i?yiee aenieee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca'ycie i?aenooiaiai oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy iiceo ? eiioeaio?aoe??th IAE (a=+0,929, ?<0,001). Na?aaeiuei? neeeei?aeyoe?eiee ca'ycie niinoa??aaany i?ae nooiaiai oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy OeIN ? IAeA (a=0,619, ?<0,001) oa eiioeaio?aoe??th IE (a=0,497, ?<0,001) o aeiiioaieo. O iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo oaae aeyaeaii na?aaeiuei? neee i?yiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca'ycie iii?ae nooiaiai oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy OeIN ? ??aiai IE (a=0,669, ?<0,001) nooiaiai oyaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiiy OeIN ? eiioeaio?aoe??th IAeA (a=0,489, ?<0,001). Noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeia a?aei?ii?noue aea/aieo a?io?i?/ieo iieaciee?a o ae?oae c A?O OeIN aeicaieeea aecia/eoe i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy ??aiy NE, IE, IAE oa IAeA, uiaei eiia??iino? aeieeiaiiy o?aaeaiiy OeIN a ?aiiueiio iaiiaoaeueiiio ia??iae?. Aeniea /ooeea?noue i?aeaeuaiiai ??aiy NE o aeiiioaieo (97,98% oa 97,56%) ? o iaaeiiioaieo (93,94% oa 96,3%) iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, na?aaeiy niaoeeo?/i?noue oeueiai iieacieea o aeiiioaieo (52,63% ? 46,15%) ? aeniea niaoeeo?/i?noue oeueiai iieacieea o iaaeiiioaieo (87,5% ? 71,43%) iiaiia?iaeaeaieo o ia?o? 2 aei? ? ia 5-7 aeaiue aeeooy iaoiiaeththoue aenieo i?iaiinoe/io oe?ii?noue i?aeaeuaiiai ??aiy NE o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? uiaei eiia??iino? ?icaeoeo A?O OeIN, ye o aeiiioaieo (91,51% ? 85,11%), oae ? o iaaeiiioaieo (98,41 % ? 93,86%) iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ia ii/aoeo ? iai?ee?ioe? ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo a?aeiia?aeii. A?aeiinii iaioa /ooeea?noue aeanoeaa ??aith IE o e?ia? (76,3% ? 88,89%) o aeiiioaieo ? (77,27% ? 88,24%) o iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ia ii/aoeo oa iai?ee?ioe? ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo a?aeiia?aeii. Na?aaei? cia/aiiy niaoeeo?/iino? oeeo iieaciee?a o aeiiioaieo ? o iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo (46,15% ? 57,14%) a ia?o? 2 aei? aeeooy oa aenie? - (83,33% ? 83,3%) ia 5-7 aeaiue aeeooy, iaoiiaeththoue aeinoaoiuei aenieo i?iaiinoe/io oe?ii?noue uiaei o?aaeaiiy OeIN ye o aeiiioaieo (77,55% ? 96%), oae ? o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae (85% ? 93,75%) o o? ae oa?i?ie. A?aoiaoth/e aeyaeaia iaie i?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? NE o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN, ei?aethth/a ?c nooiaiai oyaeeino? o aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, o neeaae? eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? aei?iaiaoaaeeny ??ci? noaie canoinoaaiiy aeiio?eiieo. Iiaiia?iaeaeai? c eaaeei nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy OeIN aaeeaaee aeiio?eiie a aeic? Cia/ea ia aeiao i?ioyaii 5 aei?a. iaiiaeyoai ?c na?aaei?i nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy OeIN aeiio?eiie i?ecia/aany o aeic? 4 ia/ea ia aeiao i?ioyaii 5-7 aei?a. Iiaiia?iaeaeai? ?c oyaeeei nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy OeIN iaea?aeoaaee aeiio?eiie a aeic? 5 ia/ea ia aeiao i?ioyaii 5-7 aei?a (Aoeaoiaa E. A oa ni?aaao., 1990). Aeiio?eiie i?ecia/aany o 3 i?eeiie ona?aaeeio, /a?ac 20-30 oaeeei i?ney ?ae?. Ee?i?/ia aoaeoeai?noue canoiniaaieo noai ioe?ithaaeany ca ?acoeueoaoaie ii??aiyeueiiai iae?eo aeeiai?ee ee?ie/ieo, ia?aee?ie/ieo oa niaoe?aeueieo iieaciee?a o eiio?ieuei?e (181 aeeoeia, 107 c yeeo aoee aeiiioaieie ? 74 - iaaeiiioaieie) ? a iniiai?e (87 ae?oae, 43 c yeeo aoee aeiiioaieie ? 44 - iaaeiiioaieie) a?oiao. A iniiai?e a?oi? i?iaiaeeeiny e?eoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaieo noai, a o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?- cai?eueiii?eeiyoa oa?ai?y. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui aeei?enoaiiy aeiio?eiieo ni?eyei e?au?e aeeiai?oe? iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Iaee?au? iieacieee niinoa??aaeeny a iniiai?e a?oi? aeiiioaieo oa iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c eaaeei nooiaiai oyaeeino? A?O OeIN. O ieo aeyaeaii ?ai?oa a?aeiiaeaiiy ?aoeaen?a ia??iaeo iiaiia?iaeaeaiiino?, iie?auaiiy ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oa ia?eoa?e/ii? i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??, ?aa?an o?aii?o ?oe oa i?aeai??aeaey. Nei?ioeany oa?i?i i?eeeaaeaiiy aei a?oaeae ia 2,4 aeiae o aeiiioaieo ? ia 1,8 aeiae - o iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. O iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ?c na?aaei?i nooiaiai oyaeeino? A?O OeIN a?aeiiaeaiiy ?aoeaen?a ia??iaeo iiaiia?iaeaeaiino? oa nooiaeeeeiaeo ?aoeaen?a iai?ee?ioe? ?aiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo ia a?aeaoaaeiny. Iaeiae nei?ioeeeny oa?i?ie ii/aoeo a?aeiiaeaiiy oeeo iieaciee?a ye o aeiiioaieo, oae ? o iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae. A iniiai?e a?oi? ?ai?oa ?aa?anoaaee i/ia neiioiiaoeea, noaeiiiee neiae?ii, nei?ioeeany o?eaae?noue ciiaeiaiai aiaeoaaiiy. ?ai?oa i?eeeaaeaee aei a?oaeae, aeiiioaieo -ia 4,30+0,22 aeaiue ? iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo- ia 5,0±1,1 aeaiue, oiae? ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?aeiiioai? ae?oe i?eeeaaeaeeny aei a?oaeae ia 6,0±0,26 aeaiue (?<0,001), a iaaeiiioai? ae?oe aei a?oaeae iai?eeeaaeaeeny i?ioyaii ia??iaeo ia?aaoaaiiy o iieiaiaiio aoaeeieo. O ae?oae ?c oyaeeei nooiaiai A?O OeIN, ye? iaea?aeoaaee eiiieaenio oa?ai?th c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiio?eiieo aeyaeaii nei?i/aiiy oa?i?io ii/aoeo a?aeiiaeaiiy ?aoeaen?a ia??iaeo iiaiia?iaeaeaiiino? ia 2 ? 1,9 aei? a?aeiia?aeii o aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, iie?auaiiy nooiaeeeeiaeo ?aoeaen?a - ia 2,6 ? 2,7 aei? a?aeiia?aeii. Niinoa??aaeiny a?eueo ?aii? iie?ioaiiy ?ooiai? aeoeaiino?, noaio ia?eoa?e/ii? i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??, ?aa?anoaaiiy aiaieuaai? neiioiiaoeee oa iciae e?eai?ii? a?ia?oaic??. O 2 ?ace nei?ioeeany o?eaae?noue ciiaeiaiai aiaeoaaiiy ye o aeiiioaieo, oae ? o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae. Ia 4,40+0,43 aeaiue i?eeeaaeaeeny aei a?oaeae aeiiioai? ae?oe iniiaii? a?oie, oiae? ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? ae?oe i?eeeaaeaeeny aei a?oaeae eeoa ia 7,50+0,88 aeaiue (?<0,02). Ia 9 aeiao i?eeeaaeaeeny aei a?oaeae iaaeiiioai? iaiiaeyoa, oiae? ye iaaeiiioai? iiaiia?iaeaeai? eiio?ieueii? a?oie aei a?oaeae ia i?eeeaaeaeeny i?ioyaii onueiai oa?i?io ia?aaoaaiiy o iieiaiaiio aoaeeieo. I?i aoaeoeai?noue eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? c aeei?enoaiiyi aeieo?eiieo na?ae/eoue cieaeaiiy eaoaeueiino?, caoai?thaaiino? iiaaiii??th oa nei?i/aiiy oa?i?io ia?aaoaaiiy o iieiaiaiio aoaeeieo a iniiai?e a?oi? o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith ye o aeiiioaieo, oae ? o iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. O aeiiioaieo ae?oae ?c eaaeei nooiaiai oyaeeino? A?O OeIN caoai?thaai?noue iiaaiii??th aoea iaeiaeiaee. E?euee?noue ae?oae, yea aoea aeienaia aei aeiio a iniiai?e a?oi? neeaea 86,4%, o eiio?ieuei?e - 78,9%. O noaoe?iia? ia ae?oaee aoai aeoiaeaeoaaiiy o iniiai?e a?oi? ia?aaaaeaii 13,6% ae?oae, o eiio?ieuei?e -21,6%. O iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c eaaeei nooiaiai oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy A?O OeIN caoai?thaai?noue iiaaiii??th o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? neeaea 46,4%, oiae? ye a iniiai?e eeoa o 33,3% ae?oae. 50% iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae eiio?ieueii? a?oie aoee ia?aaaaeai? ia ae?oaee aoai aeoiaeaeoaaiiy, oiae? ye a iniiai?e - 66%; i?e/eiith ia?aaiaeo aoea iecueea iana i?e ia?iaeaeaii?. Na?aae aeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ?c na?aaei?i nooiaiai oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy A?O OeIN o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? caoai?thaai?noue iiaaiii??th neeaea 26,3% ? iaee i?noea oae? oyaee? oneeaaeiaiiy, ye AOE (1 aeeoeia) ? ae?aceiai-iae?ioe/iee aioa?ieie?o (1 aeeoeia). A iniiai?e a?oi? caoai?thaai?noue iiaaiii??th neeaea 5,3% ? ia cono??/aeeny oyaee? oneeaaeiaiiy a?iien??, Ia ae?oaee aoai noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy ia?aaaaeaia iaeiaeiaa e?euee?noue ae?oae (63%). Eaoaeueieo aeiaaee?a ia niinoa??aaeiny a iaio a?oiao. O iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c na?aaei?i nooiaiai A?O OeIN o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? caoai?thaai?noue iiaaiii??th aoea aeuith - 76,7% oa iaa i?noea iaeei aeiaaeie AOE, ia ae?oaee aoai ia?aaaaeaii 93,4% ae?oae; eaoaeuei?noue neeaea 13,3%. A iniiai?e a?oi? caoai?thaai?noue iiaaiii??th aoea ieae/ith - o 63,6% iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, oyaee? oneeaaeiaiiy ia niinoa??aaeeny. O aeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN oyaeeiai nooiaiy a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? iiaaiii?y cono??/aeany o 66,7% ae?oae oa iaa i?noea iaeei aeiaaeie iaa?yeiai-aaii?aa?/iiai neiae?iio. Ia ae?oaee aoai noaoe?iia?iiai e?eoaaiiy ia?aaaaeaii 77,8% ae?oae, eaoaeuei?noue neeaea 10%. A iniiai?e a?oi? oe??? eaoaai??? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo caoai?thaai?noue iiaaiii??th aoea cia/ii ieae/ith ? niinoa??aaeany o 18,2% ae?oae. Ia cono??/aeeny oyaee? oneeaaeiaiiy, o a?aeae?eaiiy iaoieia?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ia?aaaaeaii 63,6% ae?oae, eaoaeueieo aeiaaee?a ia aoei. Na?aae iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c oyaeeei nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy A?O OeIN a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? niinoa??aaeany iaeaea 100% caoai?thaai?noue iiaaiii??th, iaee i?noea aeaa aeiaaeee AOE oa iaeei aeiaaeie iaa?yeiai-aaii?aa?/iiai neiae?iio. O a?aeae?eaiiy iaoieia?? iaaeiiioaieo ia?aaiaeeeeny on? ae?oe, eaoaeuei?noue neeaea 18,75%. A iniiai?e a?oi? oe???eaoaai??? iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo caoai?thaai?noue iiaaiii??th aoea ieae/ith ? neeaea 66,7%, ia niinoa??aaeeny oyaee? oneeaaeiaiiy, ia aoei eaoaeueieo aeiaaee?a ? ia ae?oaee aoai ia?aaaaeaii95,8% ae?oae. Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo noai ?c canoinoaaiiyi aeiio?eiieo o eiiieaeni?e oa?ai??iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN ni?eyoeeai aieeaaei ia io?eiiaee iai?i oa i?ioeane aiaa?iaiiaiae?eie?co. O aeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c eaaeei oa na?aaei?i nooiaiai A?O OeIN i?ae aieeaii eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiio?eiieo iai?ee?ioe? ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo niinoa??aaeiny a?aeiiaeaiiy ??aiy NE oa IE aei ii?ie. A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oe? iieacieee caeeoaeeny aac ci?i. O a?oi? aeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ?c oyaeeei nooiaiai A?O OeIN niinoa??aaeiny cia/ia cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? NE (0,283±0,016 iiieue/e) o ne?iaaooe? e?ia?, aea ii?iaeueiiai ??aiy ia aeinyaaei (?<0,01). Ai?no NE o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo eiio?ieueii? a?oie aoa caeeoaany aenieei (0,630±0,030 iiieue/e; ?<0,001). ??aaiue IE cieaeoaaany aei ii?ie (2,50±0,38 iiieue/e), oiae? ye a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a?i caeeoaany aenieei (4,45±0,32 iiieue/e, ?<0,01). Ai?no IAE a on?o a?oiao ia ci?ithaaany. Na?aae iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c eaaeei nooiaiai oyaeeino? A?O OeIN, ye? io?eioaaee eiiieaenio oa?ai?th c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiio?eiieo, niinoa??aaeiny cieaeaiiy ??aiy NE a iniiai?e a?oi? aei 0,225±0,030 iiieue/e, aea eiioeaio?aoe?y NE ia aeinyaaea ??aiy, oa?aeoa?iiai aeey caei?iaeo ae?oae (?<0,05), eiioeaio?aoe?? IE cieaeoaaeany aei ii?ie. O iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae ?c na?aaei?i nooiaiai oyaeeino? iioeiaeaeaiiy OeIN ia oii? eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiio?eiieo aeyaeaii a??ia?aeia cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? NE (0,306 ± 0,030 iiieue/e) ? IE (2,65±0,45 iiieue/e) o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith (0,578±0,058 iiieue/e; ?<0,001) oa (4,57±0,02iiieue/e, ?<0,001) a?aeiia?aeii. Iaeiae eiioeaio?aoe?y NEo ae?oae iniiaii? a?oie ii?iaeueiiai ??aiy ia aeinyaaea (?<0,05), a cieceeany aei iieacieea, aeanoeaiai ae?oyi c o?aaeaiiyi ia?aiai? nenoaie eaaeiai nooiaiy. A oie aea /an ??aaiue IE aeinya ii?ie. Na?aae iaaeiiioaieo ?c oyaeeei nooiaiai A?O OeIN i?ae aieeaii eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiio?eiieo niinoa??aaeiny cia/ia cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? NE (0,290±0,030 iiieue/e), aea ?? iieaciee aei??aithaaa ai?noo NE i?eoaiaiiiio aeey iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae ?c eaaeei nooiaiai oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy OeIN. ??aaiue NE o ae?oae eiio?ieueii? a?oie o 5,6 ?ace ia?aaeuoaaa oeae iieaciee o caei?iaeo ae?oae ? aei??aithaaa 0,948±0,045 iiieue/e oa a?ae??ciyany a?ae iieacieea iniiaii? a?oie (?<0,001). A?aecia/aia ii?iae?caoe?y eiioeaio?aoe?? IE (3.41 ± 0,42 iiieue/e), eio?a aoea a?aei?iiith a?ae ??aiy IE eiio?ieueii? a?oie (5,80±0,90 iiieue/e, ?<0,05). Ai?no IAE caeeoaany noaeei a on?o a?oiao. O aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c A?O OeIN ??ciiai nooiiy oyaeeino? ia oii?eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiio?eiieo ia a?aeaoaaeiny nooo?aeo ci?i o iieacieeao IIE. O aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo c eaaeei nooiaiai oa aeiiioaieo c na?aaei?i nooiaiai A?O OeIN, aaeeaaaoeo eiiieaenio oa?ai?th c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiio?eiieo, niinoa??aaeany ii?iae?caoe?y iieaciee?a ?ioaineaiino? oaieiaiai iioieo c iiaa?oi? o?ea ia 5-7 aeaiue aeeooy ia a?aei?io a?ae ae?oae eiio?ieueii? a?oie, aea oaeeo ci?i ia a?aeaoaaeiny. O iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae ?c na?aaei?i nooiaiai A?O OeIN oe? iieacieee a?aeiia?aeaee iieacieeai i?eoaiaiiei aeey iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ?c eaaeei nooiaiai oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy OeIN. O aeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ?c A?O OeIN oyaeeiai nooiaith iieacieee ?ioaineaiino? oaieiaiai iioieo c iiaa?oi? o?ea aeinyaee ??aiy aeanoeaiai ae?oyi ?c eaaeei nooiaiai o?aaeaiiy OeIN, o oie /an ye o iaaeiiioaieo oe? iieacieee aeinyaee eeoa ??aiy ui iaa i?noea o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae ?c na?aaei?i nooiaiai oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy OeIN. Eaoaiianoe/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny o 24 ae?oae c iniiaii? a?oie oa o 36 ae?oae c eiio?ieueii? a?oie. A iniiai?e a?oi? ye o aeiiioaieo, oae ? o iaaeiiioaieo niinoa??aaeany e?aua aeeiai?ea noaoiiioi?iiai oa ineo?/iiai ?icaeoeo ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith. ?ai?oa oi?ioaaeeny aei?yii? ?aaeoe??, aea??eiaa a?aeiioaiiy aei ioi/oth/eo, ia?aaeiiaiee ?icaeoie ? aiioe??, ?icaeoie iiae. I?iyae iaa?ieia?/ieo neiioii?a i?ioyaii ia?oiai ?ieo aeeooy iaee i?noea o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? na?aae aeiiioaieo ae?oae ? 68,2% aeiaaee?a ? iaeaea ? 100% aeiaaee?a na?aae iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae. Oe? ae?oe iaiaeii?aciai io?eioaaee ?aaa?e?oaoe?eio oa?ai?th a oiiaao noaoe?iia?a ? iie?ee?i?ee. A iniiai?e a?oi? iiaa?iaiiy iaa?ieia?/ii? neiioiiaoeee iaei i?noea eeoa a 18,7% aeiaaee?a na?aae aeiiioaieo ae?oae ? a 37,5% - na?aae iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae. ?aaa?e?oaoe?eia oa?ai?y i?iaiaeeeany ia?aaaaeii a oiiaao iie?ee?i?ee. ?aceaeoaeuei? iaa?ieia?/i? neiae?iie, o oiio /ene? e AeOeI, cono??/aeeny a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? o 9,08% aeiiioaieo ae?oae ? o 33,3% iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae o oie /an, ye a iniiai?e a?oi? eeoa o 6,25% na?aae aeiiioaieo ae?oae ? o 25% na?aae iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae. Aeyaeaii aenieee cai?ioiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca'ycie i?ae oyaee?noth iaa?ieia?/ieo oneeaaeiaiue ? aaeeaaiiyi eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiio?eiieo a aino?iio i?a??iae?. Eiao?oe??io anioe?aoe?? o a?oi? aeiiioaieo ae?oae neeaa a=-0,940, a a?oi? iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae a=-0,7a5. AENIIAEE 1. Eiia?ioaaiiy o aaa?oieo aioaiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo, oaeeo ye caiaeuei? a?iaeieia?/i? oai?iae, iiia?aaei? iaaee/i? aai?oe ? aanoic i?ioyaii aeiiioaii? aaa?oiino? a ii?aeiaii? c caa?icith ia?a?eaaiiy i?e iaaeiiioai?e aaa?oiino? aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe ?iia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy A?O OeIN o aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ia i?aenoaa? ?o na?aaeiuei? /ooeeaino?, aeniei? niaoeeo?/iino? oa aeniei? i?iaiinoe/ii? oe?iiino?. 2. Iayai?noue o aaa?oieo ?io?aiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a oaeeo ye aei?iaeiaa aeeeooy aiae, iaeii?aeuei? aiaee ? iaaeooy ioiiaeiith iaae?oae oe? oa ooeoaa aeicaieythoue i/?eoaaoe aeieeiaiiy A?O OeIN o aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ia i?aenoaa? e na?aaeiuei? /ooeeaino?, aeniei? niaoeeo?/iino? oa aeniei? i?iaiinoe/ii? oe?iiino?. 3. Ee?i?/i? i?iyae a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy OeIN aecia/athoueny ia?aa?aii aioa- ??io?aiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo, iayai?noth oneeaaeiaiue, aanoaoe?eiei a?eii, a oaeiae noaiii io?eiiaiaiiai?io, aiaa?iaiiai ae?eie?co ? i?ioean?a a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a. 4. A?O OeIN o aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny i?aeaeuaiiyi??aiy na/iai? eeneioe o ne?iaaooe? e?ia?, ei?aethth/ei c? nooiaiai oyaeeino? iaa?ieia?/ieo ii?ooaiue i?ioyaii ia?oeo 7 aei?a aeeooy. 5. Iieaciee i?aeaeuaiiai ??aiy na/iai? eeneioe o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee ye ia?ea? A?O OeIN i?ioyaii anueiai ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo o aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aecia/aiiyi eiai aeniei? /ooeeaino? oa i?iaiinoe/ii? oe?iiino?. 6. A?iiene/ii-?oai?/ia o?aaeaiiy OeIN o aeiiioaieo ? iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae o ia?oee oeaeaeaiue aeeooy noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iineeaiiyi i?ioean?a aiaa?iaiiai ae?eie?co ? aeoeaaoe??th a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a. 7. A?iiene/ii-?oai?/ia o?aaeaiiy OeIN i?ecaiaeeoue aei ii?ooaiiy ia?eoa?e/ii? i?e?ioee?eoeyoee, yea aeyaey?oueny ci?aeaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? oaieiaiai iioieo iaae aa?oi?ie oa ieaei?ie e?ioe?aeaie ? ni?aiaaea? c? nooiaiai oyaeeino? o?aaeaiiy iiceo, ye o aeiiioaieo oae ? o iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. 8. Oaeineiiaeaiiy eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? A?O OeIN o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi aeiio?eiieo, iaoaaie?/ii aeoeaiiai i?aia?aoo ui aieeaa? ia io?eiiaee iai?i, no?ey? e?auiio ia?aa?ao ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo, oaeaee?e cai?ioi?e aeeiai?oe? iaa?ieia?/ieo neiioii?a, nei?i/o? oa?i?ie e?eoaaiiy, eaoaeuei?noue oa ianooiio ?iaae?aeecaoe?th, ciaioo? o??eaoeeaeic, iiina?aaeiaii – eaeoaoaoe?aeic, aea noooaai ia aieeaa? ia noai a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a. I?AEOE*I? ?AEIIAIAeAOe?? 1. I?e A?O OeIN a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy na/iai? eeneioe o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo i?ioyaii ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo, ui ei?aeth? c? nooiaiai oyaeeino?.I?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? na/iai? eeneioe o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aei 0,405-0,441 iiieue/e o aeiiioaieo ?0,320-0,396 iiieue/e o iaaeiiioaieo o ia?o? 2 aei? i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy ? aei 0,404-0,484 iiieue/e oaeiiioaieo ? 0,256-0,376 iiieue/e o iaaeiiioaieo ia 5-7 aeiao aeeooy niinoa??aa?oueny i?e eaaeiionooiai? A?O OeIN. ??aaiue na/iai? eeneioe o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? 0,551-0,631 iiieue/e o aeiiioaieo ?0,541-0,621 iiieue/e o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae o ia?o? 2 aei? i?ney ia?iaeaeaiiy ? 0,571-0,691 iiieue/eo aeiiioaieo, oa 0,462-0,694 iiieue/e o iaaeiiioaieo iaiiaeyo ia 5-7 aeiao aeeooy ni?aiaaea? cna?aaei?i nooiaiai A?O OeIN. Eiioeaio?aoe?y na/iai? eeneioe o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? 0,775-1,215 iiieue/eo aeiiioaieo ? 0,867-1,091 iiieue/e o iaaeiiioaieo ae?oae iaii/aoeo ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo, a oaeiae 1,177-1,697 iiieue/e o aeiiioaieo ? 0,859-1,038 iiieue/e o iaaeiiioaieo iiaiia?iaeaeaieo iai?ee?ioe? ?aiiueiai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iaeo a?aeiia?aea? oyaeeiio nooiaith A?O OeIN. 2. Aeey ne?ei?iaiai? ioe?iee noaio ia?eoa?e/ii? i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaieeii?oaoeaiee ?aae?iiao?. 3. ?ic?aooiie aeia??/eo ei?aeii?a aaia?aeueii? noeoiiino? iieaciee?a ?ioaineaiino? oaieiaiai iioieo c iiaa?oi? o?ea na?ae/eoue, ui ?o iieacieee c iaeano? i?aai? e?no? 788-708 Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo ? 782- 670 Ao/ni2 o iaaeiiioaieo, c iiaa?oi? e?ai? e?no? - 818-718 Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo oa 661 -515 Ao/ni2 o iaaeiiioaieo, c i?aai? noiie - 655-575 Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo ? 627-515 Ao/ni2 o iaaeiiioaieo, c e?ai? noiie -647-575 Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo oa 643-519 Ao/ni2 o iaaeiiioaieo, a?aeiia?aeathoue eaaeiio nooiaith o?aaeaiiy OeIN aiane?aeie ii?ooaiiy ia?eoa?e/ii? i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??. ?ioaineai?noue oaieiaiai iioieo c iaeano? i?aai? e?no? 697-625 Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo ? 646-534 Ao/ni2 iaaeiiioaieo, c iaeano? e?ai? e?no? - 695-595 Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo oa 650-554 Ao/ni2 o iaaeiiioaieo, c iaeano? i?aai? noiie 558-474 Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo ? 531- 415Ao/ni2 o iaaeiiioaieo, c iaeano? e?ai? noiie 561-465 Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo ? 523-431 Ao/ni2 o iaaeiiioaieo i?eoaiaiia na?aaeiueiio nooiaith iioeiaeaeaiiy OeIN ? iaoiiaeaia ii?ooaiiyi ia?eoa?e/ii? i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??. ?ioaineai?noue oaieiaiai iioieo c iaeano? i?aai? e?no? – 644 - 528Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo ? 523-463 Ao/ni2 o iaaeiiioaieo, c iaeano? e?ai? e?no? -604-524 Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo ? 554-462 Ao/ni2 o iaaeiiioaieo, c iaeano? i?aai? noiie - 448- 472Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo ? 339-263 Ao/ni2 o iaaeiiioaieo, c iaeano? e?ai? noiie - 471-375 Ao/ni2 o aeiiioaieo ? 342-254 Ao/ni2 o iaaeiiioaieo aeanoeaa oyaeeiio nooiaith A?O OeIN ? ni?e/eiaia ii?ooaiiyi ia?eoa?e/ii? i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??. 4. O eiiieaeni?e oa?ai?? A?O OeIN o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeiio?eiie a aeic? 3 ia/ea ia aeiao a 3 i?eeiie i?e eaaeiio nooiai? o?aaeaiiy, 4 ia/ea ia aeiao a 3 i?eeiie i?e na?aaeiueiio nooiai? o?aaeaiiy, 5 ia/ea ia aeiao a 3 i?eeiie i?e oyaeeiio nooiai? o?aaeaiiy OeIN, ia?i?aeueii /a?ac 20-30 oaeeei i?ney ?ae?. NIENIE IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. A?yaa I.E., Eaieeia E.A., Aiaeaiei A.E. Aeeyiea eiiieaeniie ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiie oa?aiee ia ninoiyiea ia?eoa?e/aneie iee?ioee?eoeyoeee o iiai?iaeaeaiiu n aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneei ii?aaeaieai OeIN // Iaaeeoeeineay ?aaaeeeoaoeey, oeceioa?aiey e eo?i?oieiaey. -1997.-3 (11). -N.14-17. 0aeanna. 2. A?y?a I.E., Eaie?ia A.A. Ia?aeenia ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a ye iieaciee a?eueii-?aaeeeaeueiiaiieeneaiiy o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iei o?aaeaiiyi oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie //Iaeanueeee iaaee/iee aeo?iae. -1998. - ?1 (45).- N. 11-12. 3. Eaie?ia E.?. Ineoiiioi?iee ?icaeoie ae?oae c ia?eiaoaeueiei a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieio?aaeaiiyi oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie // Iaeanueeee iaaee/iee aeo?iae.-1997. - ?2 (43). -N.21-22. 4. A?yaa I.E., Eaieeia E.A. I?iaiinoe/aneia cia/aiea iaeioi?uo aeioeie/aneeo iieacaoaeae a ioiioaiee aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneiai ii?aaeaiiy OeIN o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo // Oe?. a?niee ineoiiaa?ieia??. -1997, - Oii.5. - Aei.3 (15). - N. 39-40. 5. Eaieeia E. A. Io?eiiaue iaiai e i?ioeannu aiay?iaiiai aeeeieeca o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo n aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneei ii?aaeaieai OeIN // Oe?. a?niee ineoiiaa?ieia??. -1997. - Oii. 5. -Aei.C (15).-N.60-62. 6. Iao. ? 21138 A Oe?a?ia, IIE 6A61E31/505. Niin?a e?eoaaiiy ia?eiaoaeueiiai o?aaeaiiy oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie /A?y?a I. E., Eaie?ia E. ?. ?97020584: Cayaeaii 11.02.97: Iioae.,04.11.97. Ca?a?no?iaaii ?3769-O??. 7. Iao. ?22504 A Oe?a?ia, IIE 6A61A5/028. 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Ee?i?/ia cia/aiiy na/iai?, iiei/ii? eeneio oa e?i?aeii? ia?ieneaeaoe?? i?e a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiiyo oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie oiiaiia?iaeaeaieo // VI Eiia?an Na?oiai? oaaea?aoe?? Oe?a?inueeeo e?ea?iyieo oiaa?enoa. - Iaeana. -1996.-N.-112. 14. Eaie?ia E. ?. Ii?ooaiiy io?eiiaiai iai?io o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c ??cieie aa??aioaieo?aaeaiiy OeIN o ia?eiaoaeueiiio ia??iae? // I?aenoieiaa nooaeaionueea iaoeia. eiio. -Iaeana. -1994.-N.85. 15. A?yaa I. E., Ia?eeiaa I. E., Ianeaeiaa 3. A., Eaieeia E. A., Aei?iuaiei A. I., Aeanyoneay TH.A., Eenoae I.A., Eooeaiei 0.N., Iiaeauoaoeeay 0.A., Eaoiioeeia E. O., NiioaiiaaC. TH. Nioeeaeueii-ineoieiae/aneea i?iaeaiu i?ioeeaeoeee e ea/aiey caaieaaaiee ia?eiaea iiai?iaeaeaiiinoe // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? eiioa?aioe?? "AE?ii/ee ?oo a Oe?a?i?: ?noi??y ? no/ani?noue".- Ee?a. -1994.-N. 12. 16. A?yaa I, E., Ia?eeiaa I. E., Ianeaeiaa 3. A., Eaiieia E. A., A?aaeaeaaa I. E., Aei?iuaiei A. I., Eooeaiei I.N., Aeanyoneay TH. A., Eenoie I. A. Iiaue?a iaoiaeue? aeeaaiinoeee, i?ioeeaeoeee e ea/aiey aaiieeoe/aneie aieacie iiai?iaeaeaiiuo, i?aiaoaeueiie aeiio?ioee e ia?eiaoaeueiuo ii?aaeaiee oeaio?aeueiie ia?aiie nenoaio aeiiene/aneiai aaiaca // Iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie “Ieoaiiy ia?eiaoieia??”. - Iaeana, -1995. - N. 9-10. 17. A?yaa I.E., Eaieeia E.A., Ia?eeiaa I.E., Aeanyoneay TH.A., Eenoie I.A., Iiaeauoaoeeay0.A., Eooeaiei 0. N., Eiaaeaaa I. ?. Iiaua iaoiaeu aeeaaiinoeee e oa?aiee aaiieeoe/aneie aieaciee aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneiai ii?aaeaiiy oeaio?aeueiie ia?aiie nenoaie o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo //Iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie "Ieoaiiy ia?eiaoieia??”. - Iaeana. -1995,- N. 4-7. AIIOAOe?ss Eaie?ia E. ?. Iniaeeaino? iaoaaie?/ii? aaeaioaoe?? iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c a?iiene/ii-?oai?/ieio?aaeaiiyi oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie oa iaoiaee ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiue.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ii niaoe?aeueiino? -14.01.10 -iaae?ao??y. ?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998 ?. I?iaaaeaii aeaoaeueiee ee?i?/iee aiae?c iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao aioa-, ?io?a- oa ?aiiueiaiiaiiaoaeueiiai ia??iae?a o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo ae?oae ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy aeooa?nueeiai aiaiiaco iaoa??a. Aea/aii /ooeea?noue, niaoeeo?/i?noue oa i?iaiinoe/io oe?ii?noue ia?eiaoaeueieo oaeoi??a ?eceeo uiaei ?iia??iino? aeieeiaiiy a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy OeIN o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. I?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ianoaaeaiiy iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iei o?aaeaiiyi OeIN. Iaaaaeaii ee?i?/ia oa i?iaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy ??aiy na/iai?, iiei/ii?, i??iaeiia?aaeii? eeneio oa i?iaeoeo?a e?i?aeii? ia?ien?aeaoe?? o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo c a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iei o?aaeaiiyi iiceo. Aecia/aii ae?aaiinoe/ia cia/aiiy iaoiaeo aeenoaioe?eii? ?a?no?aoe?? ?ioaineaiino? oaieiaiai iioieo c iiaa?oi? o?ea o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. Ioe?iaii aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeiio?eiieo a eiiieaeni?e oa?ai?? aino?iai ia??iaeo a?iiene/ii-?oai?/iiai o?aaeaiiy OeIN o iiaiia?iaeaeaieo. I?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe iaaeyaeo a eaoaiiac?. Eeth/ia? neiaa: iiaiia?iaeaeai?, a?iien?y, ?oai?y, o?aaeaiiy iiceo, na/iaa eeneioa, iiei/iaeeneioa, i??iaeiia?aaeia eeneioa, e?i?aeia ia?ien?aeaoe?y, aeiio?eiie. AIIIOAOeEss Eaieeia E, A. Iniaaiiinoe iaoaaiee/aneie aaeaioaoeee iiai?iaeaeaiiuo n aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneei ii?aaeaieai oeaio?aeueiie ia?aiie nenoaiu e iaoiaeu ei??aeoeee aa ia?ooaiee.-?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe -14.01.10-iaaeeao?ey. Einoeooo iaaeeao?ee, aeooa?noaa e aeiaeieiaee AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999 a. I?iaaaeai aeaoaeueiue aiaeec iniaaiiinoae oa/aiey aioa-, eio?a- e ?aiiaai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia?eiaea ia iniiaaiee eco/aiey aeooa?neiai aiaiiaca iaoa?ae, eioi?ue iieacae aaaeouoth ?ieue iaoa?eineie iaoieiaee a aicieeiiaaiee aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneiai ii?aaeaiey OeIN o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo. Aaaeoueie iaaeaaii?eyoiuie oaeoi?aie aioaiaoaeueiiai ia?eiaea auee yeno?aaaieoaeueiua caaieaaaiey, eioi?ua ano?a/aeenue o 59% aeaiuei i?e aeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe e o 62,7% - i?e iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe. Ineiaeiaiiia oa/aiea aa?aiaiiinoe auyaeaii a 65,4% neo/aaa i?e aeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe e a 99,1% neo/aaa - i?e iaaeiiioaiiie aa?aiaiiinoe. Eco/aia /oanoaeoaeueiinoue, niaoeeoe/iinoue e i?iaiinoe/aneay oeaiiinoue ia?eiaoaeueiuo oaeoi?ia ?enea a ioiioaiee aa?iyoiinoe aicieeiiaaiey aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneiai ii?aaeaiey OeIN o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo aeaoae. I?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou ianeaaeiaaiey 273 iiai?iaeaeaiiuo n aaiiene/anee-eoaie/aneei ii?aaeaieai OeIN ?acee/iie noaiaie oyaeanoe. Eiiieaen eeeie/aneiai ianeaaeiaaiey aeeth/ae iauai?eiyoua iaoiaeu: aiaiiac, iauaeoeaiua aeaiiua, eaai?aoi?iua enneaaeiaaiey. Niaoeeaeueiua iaoiaeu aeeth/aee: ii?aaeaeaiea ii/aaie eeneiou iaoiaeii Yeoai?ia (Anaoeaie A. N., 1965, Ai?y/eianeee A. I„ 1994), ii?aaeaeaiea IAeA a e?iae n iiiiuueth oeiaa?aeoo?iaie eeneiou ii iaoiaeo Noaeueiie E. Ae, e Aa?eoaeee A. A. (1977); ii?aaeaeaiea aeae?iia?aeenae eeieaeia (AIE) a ieacia e?iae niaea?ioioiiao?e/aneei iaoiaeii Aaa?eeiaa A. A., Ieoei?oaeiie I. E, (1983); ii?aaeaeaiea ia?aeeniie ?acenoaioiinoe y?eo?ioeeoia (I?Y) iaoiaeii Jader F.N. (1968) a iiaeeoeeaoeee Aine?anaineiai 0. I. e Ooiaiiaa A. A (1982); ii?aaeaeaiea eiioeaio?aoeee iiei/iie e ie?iaeiia?aaeiie eeneiou a ieacia e?iae yiceiiui iaoiaeii (Eiea A. A., Eaiuoaa A. N.,1982). O iiai?iaeaeaiiuo n eaaeie noaiaiueth ii?aaeaiey ii?aaeaeythuei iia?aaeaeathuei oaeoi?ii auea o?iie/aneay aioo?eoo?iaiay aeiieney, i?e n?aaeiae noaiaie oyaeanoe ii?aaeaiey iicaa aaaeouei iia?aaeaeathuei oaeoi?ii auea o?iie/aneay aeiieney ieiaea a a?oiia aeiiioaiiuo e ino?ay anoeeney a ?iaeao - a a?oiia iaaeiiioaiiuo aeaoae. I?e oyaeaeie noaiaie ii?aaeaiey OeIN aaaeouaa cia/aiea eiaea ino?ay eio?aiaoaeueiay anoeeney eae a a?oiia aeiiioaiiuo, oae e a a?oiia iaaeiiioaiiuo aeaoae. Ii?aaeaeaii aeeaaiinoe/aneia cia/aiea iaoiaea aeenoaioeeiiiie ?aaeno?aoeee eioaineaiinoe oaieiaiai iioiea n iiaa?oiinoe oaea iiai?iaeaeaiiuo. O aeaoae n aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneei ii?aaeaieai OeIN iaaethaeaeinue aeinoiaa?iia nieaeaiea eioaineaiinoe oaieiaiai iioiea n iiaa?oiinoe aa?oieo e ieaeieo eiia/iinoae aneaaenoaea ia?ooaiey ia?eoa?e/aneie iee?ioee?eoeyoeee e ei??aee?iaaei ni noaiaiueth oyaeanoe ii?aaeaiey iicaa. Iaeaieueoaa nieaeaiea oaieiaiai iioiea auyaeaii o iaaeiiioaiiuo aeaoae n oyaeaeie noaiaiueth ii?aaeaiey OeIN aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneiai aaiaca. O iiai?iaeaeaiiuo n aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneei ii?aaeaieai OeIN auyaeaii oneeaiea i?ioeannia aiay?iaiiai aeeeieeca e eeieaeiie ia?ieneaeaoeee a oa/aiea anaai ?aiiaai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia?eiaea. Niiinoaaeaiea iieacaoaeae o?iaiy ii/aaie eeneiou a nuai?ioea e?iae caei?iauo iiai?iaeaeaiiuo iieacaei iaee/ea aieaa aunieie eiioeaio?aoeee ii/aaie eeneiou a ia?aua aeaia nooie aeecie n iineaaeothuei nieaeaieai aa e 5-7 aeith aeecie. O iiai?iaeaeaiiuo n aeiiene/anee-euaie/aneei ii?aaeaieai OeIN ioia/aeinue cia/eoaeueiia iiauoaiea eiioeaio?aoeee ii/aaie eeneiou a nuai?ioea e?iae. O iiai?iaeaeaiiuo n eaaeie e n?aaeiae noaiaiueth ii?aaeaiey OeIN o?iaaiue ii/aaie eeneiou iiauoaeny a 1,5 - 3 ?aca e inoaaaeny iinoiyiiui a oa/aiea naie aeiae. O iiai?iaeaeaiiuo n oyaeaeie noaiaiueth ii?aaeaiey iicaa eiioeaio?aoeey ii/aaie eeneiou a nuai?ioea e?iae iiauoaeanue a 5-7 ?ac ii n?aaiaieth n eiio?ieueiie a?oiiie e auea iaeaunoae o aeiiioaiiuo ieaaeaioeaa e eiioeo ?aiiaai iaiiaoaeueiiai ia?eiaea. O/eouaay auyaeaiiia iaie iiauoaiea eiioeaio?aoeee ii/aaie eeneiou a nuai?ioea e?iae iiai?iaeaeaiiuo n aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneei ii?aaeaieai OeIN a ninoaaa eiiieaeniie oa?aiee ai?iae?iaaeenue ?aciua noaiu eniieueciaaiey aeeiio?eiiea. Iiai?iaeaeaiiua n eaaeie noaiaiueth ii?aaeaiey OeIN iieo/aee aeeiio?eiie a aeica 3 ia/ea a nooee a oa/aiea 5 aeiae. Ieaaeaioeai ni na?aaeiae noaiaiueth ii?aaeaiey OeIN aeeiio?eiie iacia/aeny a aeica 4 ia/ea a nooee a oa/aiea 5-7 aeiae. Iiai?iaeaeaiua n oyaeaeie noaiaiueth ii?aaeaiey OeIN iieo/aee aeeiio?eiie a aeica 5 ia/ea a nooee a oa/aiea 5-7 aeiae (Aoeaoiaa E. A e niaao., 1990). Aeeiio?eiie iacia/aeny a 3 i?eaia ia?i?aeueii, /a?ac 20-30 ieioo iinea aaeu. Auyaeaia aunieay yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey aeeiio?eiiea a eiiieaeniie oa?aiee ino?iai ia?eiaea aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneiai ii?aaeaiey OeIN o iiai?iaeaeaiiuo. O iiai?iaeaeaiiuo n aeiiene/anee-eoaie/aneei ii?aaeaieai OeIN, iieo/aaoeo aeeiio?eiie a ino?ii ia?eiaea, ioia/aeanue aieaa auno?ay ia?aoiay aeeiaieea iaa?ieiae/aneeo neiioiiia, ionoonoaiaaee ineiaeiaiey e eaoaeueiinoue, ioia/aeanue ii?iaeecaoeey iieacaoaeae eiioeaio?aoeee ii/aaie e iiei/iie eeneio, aac nouanoaaiiiai aeeyiey ia i?iaeoeoeeth IAeA. I?e iaaethaeaiee a eaoaiiaca ineoiiioi?iia ?acaeoea aeaoae, iieo/aaoeo a ino?ii ia?eiaea aeeiio?eiie, niioaaonaiaaei aic?anoo, ionoonoaiaaee oyaeaeua iaa?ieiae/aneea iineaaenoaey a oii /enea e AeOeI a n?aaiaiee n eiio?ieueiie a?oiiie. Auyaeaia aenieay ia?aoiay ei??aeyoeeiiiay naycue iaaeaeo aeaeii eiiieaeniie oa?aiee n eniieueciaaieai aeeiio?eiiea e oyaeanoueth iaa?ieiae/aneeo iineaaenoaee a eaoaiiaca. Eiyooeoeeaio annioeeaoeee a a?oiia aeiiioaiieo aeaoae ninoaaee a=-0,940, a a?oiia iaaeiiioaiieo aeaoae a=-0,765. Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiai?iaeaeaiiua, aeiieney, eoaiey, ii?aaeaiea iicaa, ii/aaay eeneioa, iiei/iay eeneioa, ie?iaeiia?aaeiay eeneioa, eeieaeiay ia?ieneaeaoeey, aeeiio?eiie. ANNOTATION Kaplina Larisa Evgenjevna. The features of methabolic adaptation of newboms with hypoxic-ischemic damage of Central Neivous System and correcting methods of its disovdere.- Manuscript. Dissertation for the academic degree of candidate of medicine, speciality - Pediatrics (code -14.01.10). Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology MSA of Ukraine, Kiev, 1998. The detailed analysis of ante-, intra-, and early neonatic period peculiaritis has been carred out on the basis ofobstetrics mother anamnesis studies. The sensitivity, spesifity and value of predictic prognosis of perinatal factors of risk has been investi-gated concemig probability hypoxic-ischemic damage occurence ot CNS in newboms. Clinical and prognostic results of newboms examination are shown. Clinical and prognostic signifi-cance of Uric, Lactic, Pyruvic asids level and products of lipid peroxidation in newboms with hypoxic-iscnemic brain damage are demonstrated. The diagnostic significans of the method of remote registration of thermal stream intensity from the newboms scin surfase has been detetmined. The efficiency of Allopurinol use in complex therapy of acute period hypoxic-ischemic brain damage in newboms is appreciated. The results ofobseivation in catamnesis are represented. Key words: newboms, nypoxia, ischemia, brain damage, uric acid, lactic acid, pyruvic acid, lipidsperoxidation, allopurinol.

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