17

I?i?noa?noai ioi?iie caei?ia?y Oe?a?ie

Iaeanueeee Aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao

?aaiia Ieaenaiae? Ieeieaeiae/

OAeE
618.3-06:616.61-002.2:612.13

Iniaeeaino? e?iaiieeio o ie?eao ? ioiiaei? oa eiai ei?aeoe?y

a i?io?eaeoeoe? i?ciueiai aanoico o aaa?oieo

c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii

14.01.01 — aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Iaeana – 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia??

Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, IIC Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Iaai?ia A?eoi??y
Oaaei??aia,

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aaeiae/aiei TH??e
Iao?iae/,

Ee?anueea aea?aeaaia
iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y

i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i.I.E.Ooieea

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?

Cae?inueeee Ieaenaiae?
Ieaen?eiae/,

Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
ia?eiaoaeueii? iaaeeoeeie,

aeeoy/i? oa i?aee?oeiai?
a?iaeieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee
oi?aa?neoao

?i.Aeaieea
Aaeeoeueeiai, eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa oa

a?iaeieia?? oaeoeueoaoo
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe

e?ea??a oa i?ia?ci??a,
IIC Oe?a?ie, i.Euea?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “25”a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 1300 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.41.600.01 i?e Iaeanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iaaee/iiio

oi?aa?neoao? (270100, i. Iaeana, i?ia. Aae?oianueeee, 2)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaeanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai

oi?aa?neoaoo (270100, i.Iaeana, i?ia. Aae?oianueeee, 3)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “24”eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
?iaeeianueea I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

A inoaii? ?iee a?aei?/aii i?aeaeuaiiy /anoioe iaoieia?? ie?ie o
aaa?oieo, na?aae yei? i??eiiao?eo caeia? ia?oa i?noea. *anoioa eiai a
inoaii? ?iee ca?eueoeeany c 2.5% aei 11.2% (I.E.Aieneiiaa e niaao.,1987,
I.N.Aa?aeaineee e niaao.,1991, Y.I.Aeeaaa e niaao.,1991, A.A.Aeiaeaoyi e
niaao.,1995). Ni?iaieiaai? noaeeie ie?ie i?e i??eiiao?eo? eaaeaoue a
iniia? aaia?ae?ciaaiiai ia?eoa?e/iiai niacio noaeei, yeee ? iaeiei c
iniiaieo iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a iaoiaaiaco i?ciueiai aanoico
(A.E.A?euaiei e niaao.,1988, A.E.Noaiaieianeay e niaao.,1994,
C.I.Ionaaa,1997, C.Longh et al.,1989).

A?I-aanoic ia oiii o?ii?/iiai i??eiiao?eoo ?icaeaa?oueny c 24-26 oeae.
aaa?oiino? (E.A.Ooiaiiaa e niaao.,1994, A.I.Na?ia e niaao.,1997).
Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?aeoe/ii a on?o aaa?oieo ?c oyaeeei ia?aa?aii
o?ii?/iiai i??eiiao?eoo aaa?oi?noue oneeaaeith?oueny A?I-aanoicii
(I.E.Aieneiiaa,1987, O.?.Ia?i?iiaa,1996). A?i ? iae/ano?oei (a?ae 41%
aei 82.5%) oneeaaeiaiiyi aaa?oiino? (A.E.A?euaiei e niaao.,1986,
A.I.Aaeno?oe oa ni?aaao.,1990, A.A.Eaeaaei,1991, a.i.Naaaeueaaa e
niaao.,1992, E.A.Eieiiae/oe oa ni?aaao.,1994, A.A.Eieii?eoeaaa oa
ni?aaao.,1995) ? caeia? ae?oaa i?noea o no?oeoo?? i?e/ei iaoa?einueei?
nia?oiino? (A.I.Aaioeeianeee, 1994, E.A.Oeiioaiei oa ni?aaao.,1994,
A.I.No?eaeaeia e niaao.,1997, A.I.Na?ia e niaao.,1997, A.Creth,1990).

?aii? iiia?aaeaeaiiy niacio noaeei oa ei?aeoe?y ii?ooaiue e?iaiieeio o
ie?eao oa ieaoeaio? aei ee?i?/ii? iai?oanoaoe?? neiae?iio aeiiiiiaea
cae?enieoe i?io?eaeoeeo i?ciueiai aanoico.

Ca?aeii aeaieo no/anii? e?oa?aoo?e, ?io?a/a?aiia eaca?ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy
iecueei? ?ioaineaiino? ni?ey? iie?ioaiith i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? oa
?aieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee e?ia?, ia? noaeeiii?icoe?thth/o ae?th,
aeoea?co? i?ioeane ?aaaia?aoe?? o oeaieiao (A.E.Ao?eeeia,1989,
A.A.Eeea?eiiia,1992, I.E.Eociaoeiaa, 1994, A.N.A?eneei e niaao.,1996). O
ca?yceo c oeei iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui aieea ?io?a/a?aiiei eaca?iei
aei?ii?ithaaiiyi iecueei? ?ioaineaiino? ia ae?eyieo ie?ie oa ieaoeaioe ?
iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiei ? aoaea aoaeoeaiei o ei?aeoe?? ie?eiaiai oa
ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiieeio a i?io?eaeoeoe? i?ciueiai aanoico o aaa?oieo c
o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii.

Ca?ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeiaaeothoue ? ?icaeaathoue iai?yiie, ui ?ic?iaey?
eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ca?aeii c aea?aeaaiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith i?ia?aiith
“I?iaeaie iaoa?einoaa, aeeoeinoaa ? n?i?? a no/anieo
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao Oe?a?ie” (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? –
0196 U 018907, 1995 – 1998 ?.).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a ia?eiaoaeueii? caoai?thaaiino? oa nia?oiino? oeyoii
?aiiuei? i?io?eaeoeee i?ci?o aanoic?a o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei
i??eiiao?eoii iaoiaeii ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiiai e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo
a?oa??yo oa a?oa??? ioiiaeie ieiaea.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. Aea/eoe noai e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei
i??eiiao?eoii.

2. Aea/eoe noai e?iaiieeio a a?oa??? ioiiaeie ieiaea o aaa?oieo c
o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii.

3. Aea/eoe noai oaoi-ieaoeaioa?iiai eiieaeno e nenoaie aeanoaca —
2-iae?iaeiaoe?i o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii.

4. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo eiiieaenii? ei?aeoe?? ii?ooaiue e?iaiieeio o
noaeeiao ie?ie ? ioiiaeie ieiaea o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii,
ni?yiiaaio ia ?aiith i?io?eaeoeeo A?I-aanoico.

5. Aea/eoe ci?ie iieaciee?a e?iaiieeio o ie?eao ? ieaoeaio?, noai
oaoi-ieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno e nenoaie aeanoaca — 2-iae?iaeiaoe?i i?ney
i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy.

6. Ai?iaaaeeoe o i?aeoeeo iaoiaeeeo ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee aanoico e
iaoiaeeeo ei?aeoe?? e?iaiieeio o noaeeiao ie?ie oa ioiiaeie ieiaea o
aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii oa aecia/eoe aoaeoeai?noue
?ic?iaeaiiai iaoiaeo o i?io?eaeoeoe? oa e?eoaaii? A?I-aanoico.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Aia?oa aea/aii ia?aiao?e e?iaiieeio a ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo o aaa?oieo c
o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o ??ci? aanoaoe?ei? oa?i?ie.

2. Aia?oa aea/aii ia?aiao?e e?iaiieeio a a?oa??? ioiiaeie ieiaea o
aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o ??ci? aanoaoe?ei? oa?i?ie.

3. Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaea?aeaei aea/aiiy ia?aiao??a e?iaiieeio o
ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo o caei?iaeo aaa?oieo o ?ici? aanoaoe?ei? oa?i?ie.

4. Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie iaea?aeaei aea/aiiy ia?aiao??a e?iaiieeio a
a?oa??? ioiiaeie ieiaea o caei?iaeo aaa?oieo o ??ci? aanoaoe?ei?
oa?i?ie.

5. Aia?oa aeiaaaeaii, ui ci?ie iieacieea i?i?iaeueii? oaeaeeino?
ae?anoie?/iiai e?iaiieeio (IOAeE) oa nenoiei-ae?anoie?/iiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (NAeN) ? iae?aii?oeie neiioiiaie A?I-aanoico, ui
?icaeaa?oueny o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii.

6. Aia?oa cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiee iaoiae ?aiiuei?
i?io?eaeoeee e e?eoaaiiy A?I-aanoico oeyoii ei?aeoe?? ie?eiaiai oa
ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiieeio o eiiieaeniiio iaaeeeaiaioiciiio aieea? ia
i?aai?ci aaa?oii?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. Aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo oa a?oa???
ioiiaeie o caei?iaeo aaa?oieo.

2. Aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo oa a?oa???
ioiiaeie o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii.

3. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee aanoic?a (o 20-24 oeae.
aaa?oiino?), caniiaaiee ia aecia/aii? iieaciee?a IOAeE oa NAeN i?e
aeiiiea?iiao??? ie?eiaeo a?oa??e oa a?oa??? ioiiaeie, ci?ie yeeo ?
iae?aii?oei neiioiiii aaia?ae?ciaaiiai noaeeiiiai niacio, oiaoi
A?I-aanoico. Oe? iieacieee iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoiaai? aeey ae?aaiinoeee
? eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy.

4. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiae iaoiaaiaoe/ii? ?aiiuei? i?io?eaeoeee ?
e?eoaaiiy A?I-aanoic?a c aeei?enoaiiyi eaca?iiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy ae?eyiee
ie?ie oa ieaoeaioe o eiiieaeniiio aieea? ia i?aai?ci aaa?oii?.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeaii o a?aeae?eaiiyo
iaoieia?? aaa?oiino? iieiaiaiai aoaeeieo ?1 (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae
1.09.97), iieiaiaiai aoaeeieo ?2 (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 1.10.97),
iieiaiaiai aoaeeieo ?7 i.Iaeane (aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 10.09.97), o
a?aeae?eaii? aeno?aaai?oaeueii? iaoieia?? i?nueei? ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? ?2
(aeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?ae 5.05.97).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Naiino?eii i?iaaaeaiee
iaoaioii-?ioi?iaoe?eiee iiooe, aecia/ai? iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.
I?iaaaeaia ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy ae?iie i?ae /an aaa?oiino?,
aaciina?aaei?e ca?? iaoa??aeo aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee
e?eoaaiiy. Aaoi? iniaenoi aiae?coaaa a?o/eciyio oa ?iicaiio e?oa?aoo?o c
i?iaeaie, ui aea/aeany, naiino?eii aeeiioaaa noaoenoe/io ia?iaeo
iaoa??aeo, i?ia?a aiae?c iaea?aeaieo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, iaa?oiooaaa
iaoeia? aeniiaee ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeei?enoaiiy eaca?a o
a?ieia?? ? iaaeeoeei?” (Ee?a, 1995), V ?anioae?eainuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeei?enoaiiy eaca?a o iaaeeoeei? ?
a?ieia??” (sseoa, 1995), O c??cae? aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a Oe?a?ie (Iaeana,
1996), can?aeaii? Iaeanueeiai iaeaniiai oiaa?enoaa aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a
(Iaeana, 1996). Iniiaia /anoeia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaia
o ioae?eaoe?yo.

Ioae?eaoe??. C oaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 8 ?ia?o, c ieo – 3 noaoo?
o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, 4 oacenieo aeiiia?aeae oa 1 iaoaio ia aeiao?ae.

No?oeoo?a oa ia??i aeena?oaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii
ia 126 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, c ieo 39 oaaeeoeue, 23 ?enoiea e
5 i?e?ioioia?ao?e. ?iaioa i?noeoue anooi, iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e, 4 aeaae,
ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiaee e
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, nienie e?oa?aoo?e, ui ioiieth? 270 aeaea?ae.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?ae niinoa?aaeaiiyi ciaoiaeeeiny
135 aaa?oieo ae?iie. A 115 iaoe??ioie aoa ae?aaiinoiaaiee o?ii?/iee
i??eiiao?eo (eaoaioia oi?ia). C ieo 90 – io?eiaee iaaeeeaiaioicia
e?eoaaiiy o eiiieaen? c eaca?iith oa?ai??th e neeaee iniiaio a?oiio, 25
– io?eiaee caaaeueiiaaeeaaia iaaeeeaiaioicia e?eoaaiiy oa oa?eoee o
a?oiio ii??aiyiiy, a 20 caei?iaeo ae?iie ?c o?c?ieia?/iei ia?aa?aii
aaa?oiino? neeaee eiio?ieueio a?oio. On? aaa?oi? aoee o a?oe? a?ae 17
aei 35 ?ie?a. 50 ae?iie ?icii/aee ianoaaeaiiy e ei?aeoe?th aecia/aieo
ii?ooaiue e?iaiieeio o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae., 65 – o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae.,
an? aiie ciaoiaeeeeny i?ae niinoa?aaeaiiyi aei iieia?a oa caaa?oaiiy
i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo.

O ?iaio? canoiniaai? oae? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy: caaaeueiiee?i?/i? –
caaaeueiee aiae?c e?ia?, aecia/aiiy na/iaeie o e?ia?, caaaeueiee aiae?c
na/?, aeine?aeaeaiiy na/? ca Ia/?ii?aieii, Ceiieoeueeei, iin?a na/? c
aecia/aiiyi nooiaiy aaeoa??o???, oeueo?acaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy c
aeiiiea?iiao?e/iei aecia/aiiyi iieaciee?a e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo
? a?oa??? ioiiaeie ieiaea; ?aae?i?ioii? – aecia/aiiy ano?aae?ieo (A2),
ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio (IE) o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? aaa?oieo; a?io?i?/i? –
aecia/aiiy ??aiy aeanoace (ca iaoiaeeeith J.Visser, E.Blant, 1972),
2-iae?iaeiaoe?io (2-IA) (E.I.Aa?aiaaiei, E.E.Aieoiineay, 1969);
a?noieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ieaoeaio. Ia?ae?/ai? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeeny aei e?eoaaiiy oa ia 8-9 aeiao c ii/aoeo e?eoaaiiy.
Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea io?eiaieo aeaieo i?iaiaeeeany ca?aeii e?eoa??th
Nouethaeaioa (e?euee?ni? iieacieee), oa e?eoa??th A?ee?iniia-Iaia-O?oi?
(ye?ni? iieacieee).

Iniiao iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?ai?? neeaee i?o?ioo?aie, aioea?ioeee
iai?oeee?iiaiai ?yaeo i?ioyaii 7 aei?a, aeacaa?aaaioe,
aeac?ioien?eaoe?ei? caniae, niaciie?oeee, iiaiioe?iia e a?oai?i?ciaaia
ae??oa. Oaea e?eoaaiiy iaea?aeaee aaa?oi? a?oie ii??aiyiiy. AE?iee
iniiaii? a?oie, e??i oiai, io?eiaee eaca?io oa?ai?th ca?aeii iaoiaeeoe?,
yea ?ic?iaeaia.

Naaine eaca?ii? oa?ai?? cae?enithaaeeny iaeei ?ac ia aeaiue, eo?nii – 7
i?ioeaaeo?. 40 ae?iie ?icii/aee e?eoaaiiy o ?aii? oa?i?ie (20-24 oeae.),
a 50 ae?iie – o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. Aeei?enoiaoaaany eaca?iee aia?ao
ia?ee “Oci?” (aeiaaeeia oaee? 890 ii). ?aaeei ii?ii?ithaaiiy: /anoioa 80
Aoe, aeniiceoe?y 4 oa. ia 1 ciio. Aieea i?iaiaeeany e??cue oe??o ii
/a?c? ia ae?eyieo i?iaeoe?? ie?ie oa ia ae?eyieo i?iaeoe?? ieaoeaioe i?e
?ici?uaii? ?? ia ia?aaei?e no?ioe? iaoee (i???iooaaeeny ia eieae?caoe?th
ieaoeaioe ca aeaieie OCAe). A iaeiiio naain? aoei caae?yii 2-3 ciie ii
ia?aaei?e, na?aaei?e oa caaei?e aeneey?iei e?i?yi oa 4 ciie o ae?eyioe?
i?iaeoe?? ieaoeaioe.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. I?e aea/aii? aiaiiaco
aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii a?aei?/aii, ui aiie o aeaa ?ace
/ano?oa oai??ee ia aeeoy/? ?ioaeoe??: iniiaia a?oia – 69(76.7%), a?oia
ii??aiyiiy – 17(68.0%), eiio?ieueia a?oia – 7 (35.0%) oa o o?e c
iieiaeiith ?ace /ano?oa – o?ii?/iei oiicee?oii oa aia?iith: 44(48.9%),
11(44.0%) e 3(15.0%), a?aeiia?aeii. O a?eueoino? aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei
i??eiiao?eoii aiaiiac aoa iaoyaeaiee a?iaeieia?/ieie caoai?thaaiiyie:
45(50%), 12(48%) oa 0(0%), a?aeiia?aeii, na?aae yeeo ia?aaaaeaee
caiaeuei? i?ioeane oa iia?ycai? c ieie oneeaaeiaiiy.

Ia?aeiii-o?ii?/iee i??eiiao?eo aeyaeaiee a 72(80.0%) ae?iie iniiaii?
a?oie oa a 19 (76.0%) – a?oie ii??aiyiiy, aoi?eiii-o?ii?/iee i??eiiao?eo
– a 18(20.0%) oa 6(24.0%), a?aeiia?aeii. O no?oeoo?? noiooii? iaoieia??
ie?ie a oeeo ae?iie ia?aaaaeaea na/ieai?yia oai?iaa. Aaeoa??o??y
aecia/aeany a 76(84.4%) ae?iie iniiaii? oa o 21(84.0%) — a?oie
ii??aiyiiy; noa?eeueiith na/a aoea a 14(15.6%) oa 4(16.0%).

Ia?aa?a aaa?oiino? iaa aeaye? iniaeeaino?. Oae, caa?ica ia?a?eaaiiy
aaa?oiino? aeieeea o 48(53.3%) aaa?oieo iniiaii? oa o 14(56.0%) — a?oie
ii??aiyiiy. Aiai?y ae?aaiinoiaaia o 68(75.6%) aaa?oieo iniiaii? oa o
20(80.0%) – a?oie ii??aiyiiy. I?aaanoic aeyaeaiee o 82(91.1%) aaa?oieo
iniiaii? oa o 23(92.0%) — a?oie ii??aiyiiy.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui i?e o?c?ieia?/iiio ia?aa?ao
aaa?oiino? ?c c?inoaiiyi oa?i?io aeiiiea?iiao?e/i? iieacieee e?iaiieeio
o ie?eia?e a?oa??? ci?iththoueny. Oae, o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. iieaciee
iaeneiaeueii? oaeaeeino? nenoie?/iiai e?iaiieeio (IONE) ca?eueoo?oueny
oa ?c cia/iei nooiaiai aeinoia??iino? a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae eiai cia/aiiy
o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. (?<0.001). C?inoaiiy IONE a?aeaoaa?oueny, iaaooue, ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy ia??io oee?eoethth/i? e?ia? oa i?aeneeaiiy ianinii? ooieoe?? na?oey. Aiaeia?/ia iniaeea?noue a?aei?/aia e aeey ae?oaiai iieacieea ie?eiaiai e?iaiieeio – i?i?iaeueii? oaeaeeino? ae?anoie?/iiai e?iaiieeio (IOAeE): eiai ??aaiue o 30-32 oeae. cia/ii aeua, i?ae o 20-24 oeae. (?<0.001). Iaeiae, ca?eueoaiiy IONE oa IOAeE caeeoa?oueny c??aiiaaaeaiei, i?i ui na?ae/eoue a?aenooi?noue ci?i c aieo nenoiei-ae?anoie?/iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (NAeN) (?>0.05) ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
oa?i?io aaa?oiino? (oaae.1, 2).

I?e aeine?aeaeaii? e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo o aaa?oieo ?c
o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. anoaiiaeaii aeinoia??ia
(?<0.05), o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, i?aeaeuaiiy NAeN (oaae.1). I?e aiae?c? oeueiai iieacieea a?aei?/aii, ui IONE ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae oeueiai iieacieea o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? (?>0.05), a
ci?ia NAeN a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy IOAeE, ui iiaeia iiynieoe
niaciii, yeee ii/eia?oueny oa iia??oaiiyi e?iaiieeio o noaeeiao
i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ie?ie. I?e aeiiiea?iiao?e/iiio aeine?aeaeaii?
e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o
oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. a?aei?/ai? oae? ci?ie: a?aeaoaa?oueny aeinoia??ia
cieaeaiiy IONE o ii??aiyii? c aiaeia?/iei iieacieeii o eiio?ieuei?e
a?oi? (?<0.05) oa ciaioaiiy (c aenieei nooiaiai aeinoia??iino?, ?<0.001) IOAeE. Iieaciee NAeN aeinoia??ii (?<0.05) ca?eueoo?oueny ca ?aooiie, c iaeiiai aieo, ciaioaiiy IONE oa, c ae?oaiai aieo, ca ?aooiie a?eueo ae?aaeaiiai ciaioaiiy IOAeE. Iieaciee IONE o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii aaea aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iieacieea o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i c?inoaiiy aeao?oeeoo ia??io oee?eoethth/i? e?ia?, a ciaioaiiy IOAeE, o ii??aiyii? ?c eiio?ieai (?<0.001), - i?i i?aeaeuaiiy ia?eoa?e/ii? noaeeiii? ?acenoaioiino? o ii??aiyii? ?c oaeith i?e o?c?ieia?/i?e aaa?oiino? (oaae.2). I?e c?noaaeaii? iieaciee?a ie?eiaiai e?iaiieeio, ye? aea/aeeny, caeaaeii a?ae oa?i?io aaa?oiino?, a?aei?/aii, ui o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. ci?ie e?iaiieeio a?aeaoaathoueny o?eueee ca ?aooiie iaeiiai iieacieea – IOAeE, a o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. iaeaeaa aeo?aeieo iieacieea e iniaeeai IOAeE aeinoia??ii a?ae??ciythony a?ae oaeeo i?e o?c?ieia?/i?e aaa?oiino?. Iiaeia i?eionoeoe, ui ei?aeoe?y e?iaiieeio, yea ii/aeany o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. aoaea a?eueo aoaeoeaiith. I?e aeiiiea?iiao?e/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? e?iaiieeio a a?oa??? ioiiaeie o aaa?oieo eiio?ieueii? a?oie aeyaeaii, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi oa?i?io aaa?oiino? a?aeaoaa?oueny aeinoia??ia (?<0.05) ca?eueoaiiy IONE (ia 10.2%). IOAeE a i??o i?ia?anoaaiiy aaa?oiino? ca?eueoo?oueny (?<0.001) (ia 50.0%), ui iia?ycaia, iaaooue, c ?ioaineaiei c?inoaiiyi ieaoeaioe, ?? eai?ey?ii? n?oee oa, a?aeiia?aeii, iie?ioaiiyi i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??. NAeN a a?oa??? ioiiaeie iinooiiai cieaeo?oueny o oa?i?ie aa?oiino? a?ae 20 aei 35 oeae. o na?aaeiueiio ia 25.8%, ui aecia/a?oueny ia?aaaaeiei c?inoaiiyi ae?anoie?/ii? oaeaeeino? e?iaiieeio (?<0.001). Oaeei /eiii, aeey iaoneeaaeiaii? aaa?oiino? oa?aeoa?ia oaiaeaioe?y aei cieaeaiiy caaaeueiiai ia?eoa?e/iiai noaeeiiiai iii?o, i?i ui na?ae/eoue i?aeaeuaiiy ae?anoie?/iiai eiiiiiaioo e?iaiieeio oa cieaeaiiy nenoie?/ii-ae?anoie?/iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy a a?oa??? ioiiaeie, ui iia?ycaia, iaaooue, c aanoaoe?eieie ci?iaie ni??aeueieo a?oa??e iaoee (oaae.3,4). O aaa?oieo, ye? no?aaeaeathoue ia o?ii?/iee i??eiiao?eo, aaea o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. a?aei?/a?oueny ca?eueoaiiy iieacieea NAeN (?<0.05). I?e aiae?c? oeueiai iieacieea aeaeii, ui eiai ci?ia a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie ciaioaiiy ae?anoie?/iiai eiiiiiaioo e?iaiieeio (?<0.05), yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae noaio noaeei i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea. E?iaiieei o oaco nenoiee o oeueiio oa?i?i? aaa?oiino? i?aeoe/ii ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iieacieea eiio?ieueii? a?oie (?>0.05) (oaae.3).

A i??o i?ia?anoaaiiy aaa?oiino? a iaoe??ioie c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii
caa??aa?oueny oaiaeaioe?y aei iia??oaiiy e?iaiieeio o noaeeiao
i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea. I?i oea na?ae/eoue cia/ia ciaioaiiy o
ii??aiyii? ?c eiio?ieai (?<0.001) IOAeE oa a?aeiia?aeia i?aeaeuaiiy NAeN (?<0.01) (oaae.4). I?e aiae?c? iieaciee?a e?iaiieeio a a?oa??? ioiiaeie caeaaeii a?ae oa?i?io aaa?oiino? aeaeii, ui ?c ca?eueoaiiyi inoaiiueiai o aaa?oieo, ui no?aaeaeathoue ia o?ii?/iee i??eiiao?eo, a?aeaoaa?oueny ?o iia??oaiiy, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ii?ooaiiy aaiiaeeiai?ee o oaoi-ieaoeaioa?i?e nenoai?. Iaea?eueo? ci?ie noinothoueny ae?anoie?/iiai eiiiiiaioo e?iaiieeio. Oae, yeui o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? c 20 aei 32 oeae. aaa?oiino? IOAeE ca?eueoo?oueny ia 50.0%, ui na?ae/eoue i?i ca?eueoaiiy ?iiino? eai?ey?ii? n?oee ieaoeaioe, oi o aaa?oieo ?c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii IOAeE ca?eueoo?oueny o na?aaeiueiio ia 17.7%. Niinoa??aa?oueny oaeiae ciaioaiiy nenoie?/iiai eiiiiiaioo e?iaiieeio. O eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a i??o i?ia?anoaaiiy aaa?oiino? IONE ca?eueoo?oueny ia 10.2% (?<0.05). A iniiai?e oa o a?oi? ii??aiyiiy ci?ie oeueiai iieacieea ia a?aeaoaathoueny (?>0.05), ui iiaeia iiynieoe c?inoaiiyi aeao?oeeoo
ia??io oee?eoethth/i? e?ia?. Oaeei /eiii, a?aeiioaiiy i?ae nenoie?/iith
oa ae?anoie?/iith oaeaeeinoyie a?oa??aeueiiai e?iaiieeio ci?ith?oueny,
aieiaiei /eiii, ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy inoaiiuei?, ui ia iao iiaeyae,
iia?ycaia ?c ca?eueoaiiyi noaeeiiiai iii?o ia?eoa?e/ii? /anoeie
noaeeiiiai ?onea, yeei aeey a?oa??? ioiiaeie ? eai?ey?ia n?oea ieiaeiai?
/anoeie ieaoeaioe.

Oaeei /eiii, o ie?eao oa o ieaoeaio? aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii
niinoa??aa?oueny ii?ooaiiy i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??, yea aecia/a?oueny aaea o
oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. oa i?ia?ano? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi inoaiiueiai.

Oaaeeoey 1

Iieacieee e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo o aaa?oieo

c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae.

Ee?i?/i? a?oien?

aeey

?IONE

(ni/n)? aeey ?IOAeE

(ni/n)?

aeey

?NAeNEiio?ieueia a?oia25190.01.24443.31.8372.080.11Iniiaia
a?oia25284.42.89534.51.4982.450.05A?oia
ii??aiyiiy25388.91.57633.31.6792.410.08
?1-2 >0.05 ?4-5 <0.01 ?7-8<0.05 ?1-3 >0.05
?4-6<0.01 ?7-9<0.05 ?2-3 >0.05
?5-6 >0.05 ?8-9>0.05

Oaaeeoey 2

Iieacieee e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo o aaa?oieo

c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae.

Ee?i?/i? a?oien?

aeey

?IONE

(ni/n)? aeey ?IOAeE

(ni/n)?

aeey

?NAeNEiio?ieueia a?oia251115.533.85457.181.3672.020.10Iniiaia
a?oia252104.143.24544.781.0182.330.08A?oia
ii??aiyiiy253106.01.87644.021.2792.380.05
?1-2 <0.05 ?4-5 <0.001 ?7-8<0.05 ?1-3 <0.05 ?4-6 <0.001 ?7-9 <0.05 ?2-3 >0.05
?5-6 >0.05 ?8-9>0.05

Oaaeeoey 3

Iieacieee e?iaiieeio a a?oa??? ioiiaeie o aaa?oieo

c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae.

Ee?i?/i? a?oien?

aeey

?IONE

(ni/n)? aeey ?IOAeE

(ni/n)?

aeey

?NAeNEiio?ieueia a?oia25142.611.32411.890.4673.580.10Iniiaia
a?oia25239.981.28510.180.2783.930.03A?oia
ii??aiyiiy25339.841.49610.220.4293.900.02
?1-2>0.05 ?4-5<0.05 ?7-8<0.05 ?1-3>0.05
?4-6<0.05 ?7-9<0.05 ?2-3>0.05
?5-6>0.05 ?8-9>0.05

Oaaeeoey 4

Iieacieee e?iaiieeio a a?oa??? ioiiaeie o aaa?oieo

c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae.

Ee?i?/i? a?oien?

aeey

?IONE

(ni/n)? aeey ?IOAeE

(ni/n)?

aeey

?NAeNEiio?ieueia a?oia25146.941.01417.920.8672.620.12Iniiaia
a?oia25240.581.94511.960.6783.410.11A?oia
ii??aiyiiy25339.741.15612.040.7893.330.12
?1-2<0.05 ?4-5<0.001 ?7-8<0.01 ?1-3<0.05 ?4-6<0.001 ?7-9<0.01 ?2-3>0.05
?5-6>0.05 ?8-9>0.05

Ai?no ano?aae?ieo o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o oa?i?i? 20-24
oeae. (iniiaia a?oia – 41.450.72 iiieue/e, a?oia ii??aiyiiy – 40.901.59
iiieue/e) aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iieaciee?a caei?iaeo
aaa?oieo (44.402.94 iiieue/e) (?>0.05). O oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. ??aaiue
ano?aae?ieo aeinoia??ii cieaeaiee (iniiaia a?oia – 47.181.03 iiieue/e,
a?oia ii??aiyiiy – 45.631.11 iiieue/e) o ii??aiyii? ?c iieacieeaie
eiio?ieueii? a?oie (59.601.75 iiieue/e) (?<0.001). Iieacieee iniiaii? oa a?oie ii??aiyiiy i?ae niaith aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciyeeny (?>0.05).

O aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. ??aaiue
ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio (iniiaia a?oia – 159.091.97 iiieue/e, a?oia
ii??aiyiiy – 156.692.43 iiieue/e) oaeiae aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciyany
a?ae iieaciee?a caei?iaeo aaa?oieo (153.275.63 iiieue/e) (?>0.05). O
oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. ai?no ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio o ae?iie iniiaii?
? a?oie ii??aiyiiy (188.622.45 iiieue/e oa 192.562.39 iiieue/e)
aeinoia??ii cieaeo?oueny a?aeiinii iieacieea o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?
(225.909.53 iiieue/e) (?<0.05). Oaeei /eiii, aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iii?a oaoi-ieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaeno iieacaei, ui ??aaiue A2 oa IE o aaa?oieo ?c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae eiio?ieth o ?? o?eiano?? oa aeinoia??ii cieaeaiee o ii??aiyii? ?c eiio?ieai o ??? o?eiano?? aaa?oiino?, ui iiaiith i??ith iia?ycaia c ae?aaeaieie ci?iaie e?iaiieeio o oaoi-ieaoeaioa?iiio eiiieaen? (OIE), oi?ioaaiiyi oaoi-ieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?, yea ? ianooiiei iiiaioii iaoiaaiaco, yeee o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii ca oeiii ii?i/iiai eiea i?enei?th? i?ia?anoaaiiy aanoico. O aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii aeyaeaii aeinoia??ia (?<0.001) cieaeaiiy ??aiy aeanoace (iniiaia a?oia – 3.390.09 ieeao/e, a?oia ii??aiyiiy – 3.470.11 ieeao/e) o ii??aiyii? c iieacieeaie eiio?ieueii? a?oie (4.330.09 ieeao/e) oa a?aeiia?aeii eiio i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy 2-IA: (iniiaia a?oia – 2.990.10 a/e, a?oia ii??aiyiiy – 3.170.10 a/e), eiio?ieueia a?oia – 2.400.08 a/e (?<0.001). Ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeanoaca/2-IA o iaoe??ioie c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii aeinoia??ii cieaeaia (iniiaia a?oia – 1.200.07, a?oia ii??aiyiiy – 1.140.06) o ii??aiyii? c iieacieeaie eiio?ieueii? a?oie – 1.860.10 (?<0.001). Aiae?c ci?i iieaciee?a e?iaiieeio i?ney i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy iieacaa oae? aeai?. O aaa?oieo iniiaii? a?oie, ye? iaea?aeaee eo?n eiia?iiaaiiai e?eoaaiiy c eaca?iith oa?ai??th aia?oa o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. a?aei?/aii iie?ioaiiy e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo oa a a?oa??? ioiiaeie. Oae, NAeN o ie?eia?e a?oa??? aeinoia??ii (?<0.001) cieceeiny c 2.450.05 aei 2.110.04 oa a?aeiia?aeaei iieacieeo NAeN o caei?iaeo aaa?oieo – 2.080.11 (?>0.05). Ci?ia NAeN a?aeaoaaeany ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy IOAeE (aei
e?eoaaiiy – 34.51.49 ni/n, i?ney e?eoaaiiy – 40.10.99 ni/n, ?<0.001). I?ney e?eoaaiiy cia/aiiy IOAeE ia a?ae??ciyeinue a?ae iieacieea o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? – 43.31.83 ni/n (?>0.05). Iieaciee IONE i?ae aieeaii
e?eoaaiiy ia ci?ithaaany (aei e?eoaaiiy – 84.42.89 ni/n, i?ney e?eoaaiiy
– 84.542.63 ni/n, ?>0.05) (?en.1). Ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? ae?anoie?/iai
e?iaiieeio i?ae aieeaii e?eoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy
? aeieacii iie?ioaiiy noaio noaeei i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea.
A?aenooi?noue ci?i c aieo nenoie?/iiai eiiiiiaioo e?iaiieeio na?ae/eoue
i?i oa, ui ia??i oee?eoethth/i? e?ia? oa ianinia ooieoe?y na?oey i?ae
aieeaii aeacaiiai eiia?iiaaiiai e?eoaaiiy ia ii?iae?co?oueny.

Aiaeia?/i? ci?ie NAeN oa IOAeE i?ae aieeaii e?eoaaiiy a iaoe??ioie
iniiaii? a?oie a?aeaoeeny a a?oa??? ioiiaeie. NAeN aei e?eoaaiiy —
3.930.03, i?ney e?eoaaiiy – 3.630.06 (?<0.001), ui oaeiae aeinoia??ii ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iieacieea o eiio?ie? – 3.580.10 (?>0.05). I?e
aiae?c? NAeN a?aei?/aii, ui IONE i?ae aieeaii e?eoaaiiy ia ci?ieeany
(aei e?eoaaiiy – 39.981.28 ni/n, i?ney e?eoaaiiy – 39.561.22 ni/n,
?>0.05) oa ia a?ae??ciyeany a?ae iieacieea o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? –
42.611.32 ni/n (?>0.05) (?en.2). IOAeE ca?eueoeeany c 10.180.27 ni/n
aei 10.920.39 ni/n (?<0.001), eiio?ieueia a?oia – 11.890.48 ni/n (?>0.05).

Iaaeeeaiaioicia oa?ai?y, ui ? o?aaeeoe?eiith oa aaceniith, o a?oi?
ii??aiyiiy o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. ia aaea aei ii?iae?caoe?? iieaciee?a
e?iaiieeio a a?oa??yo, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaeenue. O ie?eia?e a?oa??? IONE
aoea aei e?eoaaiiy – 88.91.57 ni/n, i?ney e?eoaaiiy – 89.981.47 ni/n
(?>0.05) e ia a?ae??ciyeany a?ae iieacieea o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? –
90.01.24 ni/n (?>0.05). IOAeE aei e?eoaaiiy – 33.31.67 ni/n, i?ney
e?eoaaiiy — 32.140.80 ni/n (?>0.05) oa ye ? ?ai?oa caeeoaeany
aeinoia??ii ieae/a iieacieea o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? – 43.31.83 ni/n
(?<0.001) (?en.1). Iieaciee NAeN o ie?eia?e a?oa??? aei e?eoaaiiy neeaaeaa 2.410.08, i?ney e?eoaaiiy – 2.310.07 (?>0.05), cia/ii
ia?aaeuoth/e iieaciee o eiio?ie? – 2.080.11 (?<0.001). I?ae aieeaii iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?ai?? o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. ii?iae?caoe?? e?iaiieeio a a?oa??? ioiiaeie oaeiae ia a?aeaoaaeiny. IONE neeaea aei e?eoaaiiy – 39.841.49 ni/n, i?ney e?eoaaiiy – 39.561.22 ni/n (?>0.05), IOAeE, a?aeiia?aeii, —
10.220.42 ni/n oa 10.180.45 ni/n (?>0.05), NAeN – 3.900.02 oa 3.910.03
(?>0.05) (?en.2).

O aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii iniiaii? a?oie, ye? iaea?aeaee ?
eo?n eiiieaenii? oa?ai??, aeeth/ath/e eaca?io, o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae.
i?ney cae?i/aiiy e?eoaaiiy ia a?aeaoaaeiny aeinoia??ii? ci?ie
iieaciee?a, ye? aea/aeeny. O ie?eia?e a?oa??? IONE neeaea: aei e?eoaaiiy
– 104.143.24 ni/n, i?ney e?eoaaiiy – 103.32.87 ni/n (?>0.05), IOAeE –
44.781.01 ni/n oa 45.00.96 ni/n (?>0.05), NAeN – 2.330.08 oa 2.290.66,
a?aeiia?aeii (?>0.05) (?en.3). A a?oa??? ioiiaeie oe? iieacieee oaeiae
ia ci?ieeeny i?ae aieeaii eiia?iiaaiiai e?eoaaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi
eaca?ii? oa?ai??. IONE aei e?eoaaiiy neeaea 40.581.94 ni/n, i?ney
e?eoaaiiy – 40.741.71 ni/n oa a?ae??ciyeany a?ae iieacieea o
eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? – 46.941.01 ni/n (?<0.05). IOAeE neeaea, a?aeiia?aeii, 11.960.67 ni/n oa 12.640.70 ni/n (?>0.05), cia/ii
a?ae??ciyth/enue a?ae iieacieea o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? – 17.920.86 ni/n
(?<0.001) (?en.4). Cia/aiiy NAeN i?ney cae?i/aiiy e?eoaaiiy caeeoaeiny ye ? ?ai?oa i?aeaeuaiei (aei e?eoaaiiy – 3.410.11, i?ney – 3.240.14, ?>0.05), o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith – 2.620.12 (?<0.001). Iaaeeeaiaioicia oa?ai?y, i?iaaaeaia o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. o aaa?oieo a?oie ii??aiyiiy ia i?eaiaeeea aei ci?i iieaciee?a e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo oa a a?oa??? ioiiaeie. O ie?eia?e a?oa??? IONE neeaea: aei e?eoaaiiy – 106.01.87 ni/n, i?ney e?eoaaiiy – 104.21.12 ni/n (?>0.05),
IOAeE: aei e?eoaaiiy – 44.021.27 ni/n, i?ney – 45.60.73 ni/n (?>0.05),
caeeoath/enue cia/ii ieae/a eiio?ieueiiai iieacieea – 57.181.36 ni/n
(?<0.001) (?en.3). A?aeiia?aeii, iieaciee NAeN caeeoaany ia oei naiiio ??ai? – 2.320.03 (aei e?eoaaiiy – 2.380.05) (?>0.05), aeinoia??ii
ia?aaeuoth/e iieaciee NAeN o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? – 2.020.10 (?<0.001). A a?oa??? ioiiaeie aecia/ai? oae? cia/aiiy iieaciee?a e?iaiieeio aei e i?ney e?eoaaiiy: IONE – 39.741.15 ni/n oa 40.361.24 ni/n (?>0.05),
eiio?ieueia a?oia – 46.941.01 ni/n (?<0.001)., IOAeE – 12.040.78 ni/n oa 12.340.91 ni/n (?>0.05), eiio?ieueia a?oia – 17.920.86 ni/n (?<0.001), NAeN – 3.330.12 oa 3.310.12 (?>0.05), eiio?ieueia a?oia – 2.620.12
(?<0.001) (?en.4). Oaeei /eiii, iie?ioaiiy e?iaiieeio oa eiai ii?iae?caoe?y o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai, a?aeaoaaeany o?eueee a iniiai?e a?oi? aaa?oieo, ye? ii/aee e?eoaaiiy o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. e io?eiaee ii?yae c o?aaeeoe?eiith – eaca?io oa?ai?th ia ae?eyieo i?iaeoe?? ie?ie oa ieaoeaioe. O aaa?oieo iniiaii? a?oie, ye? ii/aee e?eoaiiy o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. oa a on?o iaoe??ioie a?oie ii??aiyiiy i?ae aieeaii i?iaaaeaii? oa?ai?? iie?ioaiiy aai ci?i iieaciee?a e?iaiieeio a a?oa??yo, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeenue, ia a?aeaoaaeiny. Oaeei /eiii, aoaeoeaiith ? eeoa ?aiiy (o 20-24 oeae.) i?io?eaeoeea A?I-aanoico, eiee caione iaoiaaiaoe/ieo iaoai?ci?a oa oi?ioaaiiy “ii?i/iiai eiea” o?eueee ii/eia?oueny. I?ney i?iaaaeaiiiai e?eoaaiiy a iniiai?e a?oi? a?aei?/aii iie?ioaiiy ai?iiiaeueii? ooieoe?? OIE. O oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. iaea?eueo /ooeeaei aoa iieaciee ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio: eiai ??aaiue aeinoia??ii (?<0.05) i?aeaeueany aei 164.651.75 iiieue/e (?>0.05 c eiio?ieai). ??aaiue
ano?aae?ieo aeinoia??ii ia ci?ieany (?>0.05) – 42.350.70 iiieue/e, aea
oaeiae ye ? aei e?eoaaiiy ia a?ae??ciyany a?ae iieaciee?a o eiio?ie?
(?>0.05). Iaaeeeaiaioicia oa?ai?y o a?oi? ii??aiyiiy ia aaea aei
aeinoia??iiai i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo oeeo ai?iii?a: A2 – 41.191.32 iiieue/e,
IE – 159.672.81 iiieue/e (?>0.05). O oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae i?ney eo?no
eiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy c eaca?iith oa?ai??th aeinoia??ii i?aeaeueany
??aaiue A2 – 57.450.76 iiieue/e oa IE – 213.943.19 iiieue/e, ui ia
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ??aiy oeeo ai?iii?a o caei?iaeo aaa?oieo (?>0.05).
O?aaeeoe?eia oa?ai?y o oeueiio oa?i?i? aaa?oiino? oaeiae aaea aei
iie?ioaiiy ai?iiiaeueii? ooieoe?? OIE. Oae, ??aaiue A2 oa IE aeinoia??ii
(?<0.001) i?aeaeueany oa neeaa, a?aeiia?aeii, 50.800.82 iiieue/e oa 203.802.08 iiieue/e, aea caeeoaany aeinoia??ii ieae/a iieaciee?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie (?<0.05). I?ae aieeaii e?eoaaiiy o aaa?oieo iniiaii? a?oie a?aei?/aia ii?iae?caoe?y ??aiy aeanoace – 4.110.07 ieeao/e (4.330.09 ieeao/e o eiio?ie?, ?>0.05). ??aaiue aeanoace o aaa?oieo a?oie ii??aiyiiy i?ae
aieeaii o?aaeeoe?eii? iaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?ai?? i?aeaeueany – 3.700.10
ieeao/e, iaeiae ia aeinya iieacieea eiio?ieueii? a?oie (?<0.001). Aeinoia??ia (?<0.001) cieaeaiiy ??aiy 2-IA a?aei?/aii o?eueee a iniiai?e a?oi? – 2.410.07 a/e, ui ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iieacieea o caei?iaeo aaa?oieo (?>0.05). Ai?no 2-IA ia ci?ieany (?>0.05) i?ae
aieeaii e?eoaaiiy e ia aeinya iieacieea eiio?ieueii? a?oie (?<0.001) a iaoe??ioie a?oie ii??aiyiiy – 2.990.12 a/e. Cieaeaiee aei e?eoaaiiy iieaciee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeanoaca/2-IA, i?ney e?eoaaiiy aeinoia??ii (?<0.001) i?aeaeueany o aaa?oieo iniiaii? a?oie – 1.760.07 oa aeinya iieacieea eiio?ieueii? a?oie (?>0.05). O a?oi?
ii??aiyiiy i?ae aieeaii e?eoaaiiy a??ia?aeieo ci?i iieacieea
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeanoaca/2-IA ia a?aeaoaaeiny — 1.270.007 (?>0.05),
caa??aaeanue a??ia?aeia ??cieoey c iieacieeii eiio?ieueii? a?oie
(?<0.001). Ci?ie ai?noo aeanoace oa 2-IA o aaa?oieo iniiaii? a?oie, ye? iaea?aeaee eaca?io oa?ai?th, aoee a?eueo ?noioieie oa aaee aei ii?iae?caoe?? oeeo iieaciee?a oa ?o ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ia a?aei?io a?ae iaoe??ioie a?oie ii??aiyiiy, ui iaea?aeoaaee o?eueee iaaeeeaiaioicio oa?ai?th. Aeyaeaiee neeueiee i?yiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca?ycie i?ae ??aiai aeanoace oa IOAeE a a?oa??yo, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny, i?ae ??aiai 2-IA oa NAeN o ie?eia?e a?oa???, a oaeiae i?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi aeanoaca/2-IA oa IOAeE a a?oa??? ioiiaeie. Neeueiee cai?ioi?e ei?aeyoe?eiee ca?ycie aecia/aiee i?ae oaeeie iieacieeaie: aeanoaca oa NAeN o ie?eia?e a?oa???, 2-IA oa IOAeE a a?oa??? ioiiaeie, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeanoaca/2-IA oa NAeN a a?oa??yo, ye? aeine?aeaeoaaeeny. Na?aaei?e i?yiee nooi?iue ei?aeyoe?eiiai ca?yceo aeyaeaiee i?ae oaeeie iieacieeaie: 2-IA oa NAeN a a?oa??? ioiiaeie, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeanoaca/2-IA oa IOAeE o ie?eia?e a?oa???. Na?aaei?e cai?ioiee ca?ycie aecia/a?oueny i?ae ??aiai aeanoace oa NAeN a a?oa??? ioiiaeie, 2-IA oa IOAeE o ie?eia?e a?oa???. Oaeei /eiii, aeiiiea?iiao?e/i? iieacieee ci?iththoueny ia?aeaeueii iieacieeai i?ioaie?oe/ii? nen- oaie (aeanoaca, 2-IA), ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue noai noaeeiii? eaiee i?e?ioee?eoeyoe??, oa iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny ye ?c ae?aaiinoe/iith iaoith, oae ? aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy, yea i?iaiaeeoueny. I?ney i?iaaaeaiiai eo?no e?eoaaiiy o aaa?oieo iniiaii? a?oie a?aeaoeany ii?iae?caoe?y eaai?aoi?ieo iieaciee?a na/? (ca?eueoaiiy ieoiii? aaae, cieaeaiiy e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a, a?eo?ioeeo?a, ciaioaiiy i?ioa?io???, aaeoa??o???). Ia/eneaiiy e??oa??th A?ee?iniia-Iaia-O?oi? iaoaiaoe/ii i?aeoaa?aeeei ?aa?an?th iieaciee?a, ye? ia?ae?/ai? aeua. Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaii? ei?aeoe?? e?iaiieeio c aeei?enoaiiyi eaca?iiai aieeao ia ie?e? oa ieaoeaioo o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii ?aae?caoe?y i?aaanoico o ee?i?/ii ae?aaeaio oi?io aanoico ??aeoa a?aeaoaaeany a iniiai?e a?oi?, ui ? aaaeeeaei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? i?iaaaeaii? oa?ai??. Oae, A?I-aanoic ??ciiai nooiaiy aaaeeino? ?icaeioany a iniiai?e a?oi? o 24 aaa?oieo (26.7%), i?ioe 15(60.0%) o a?oi? ii??aiyiiy. Oaeei /eiii, ca?aeii ?c aeaieie, ye? io?eiai?, iiaeia eiinoaooaaoe, ui a iaoe??ioie, ye? aia?oa iaea?aeoaaee eo?n e?eoaaiiy ?c aieeaii iecueei?ioaineaiei eaca?iei aei?ii?ithaaiiyi ia ie?ee oa ieaoeaioo o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. i?ci?e aanoic aeiee o?eueee a 5 (12.5%) aaa?oieo – iao?iiao?y ? no. Iao?iiao?? ?? oa ??? nooiaiy o oe?e i?aea?oi? ia niinoa??aaeiny. A iaoe??ioie, ui aia?oa iaea?aeaee eo?n eaca?ii? oa?ai?? o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. /anoioa A?I-aanoico aeua: 19 (38.0%), c ieo iao?iiao?y ? no. – 14(28.0%), iao?iiao?y ?? no.- 5 (10.0%). Iao?iiao?? ??? no. ia aoei. O a?oi? ii??aiyiiy iieaciee /anoioe A?I-aanoico iaioa caeaaeeoue a?ae oa?i?io aaa?oiino?, o yeiio e?eoaaiiy ii/aeiny. Oae, iao?iiao?y ? no. ae?aaiinoiaaia, a?aeiia?aeii, a 4 (40.0%) aaa?oieo, ye? iaea?aeaee e?eoaaiiy o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeae. oa a 6 (40.0%) – a oeo, ui iaea?aeaee e?eoaaiiy o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. Iao?iiao?y ?? no., a?aeiia?aeii, a 1(10.0%) oa a 2 (13.3%). Iao?iiao??th ??? no. aaa?oi?noue oneeaaeieeany a 2 (13.3%) iaoe??ioie a?oie ii??aiyiiy, ye? iaea?aeaee e?eoaaiiy o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. Ia a?aei?io a?ae iniiaii?, aeey a?oie ii??aiyiiy oa?aeoa?ieie aoee ??ciiiai?oi? oneeaaeiaiiy iieia?a: aiiiae?? iieiaiai? ae?yeueiino? (o eiio?ieuei?e – 10.0%, a iniiai?e – 13.3%, o a?oi? ii??aiyiiy – 20.0%), oneeaaeiaiiy o?aoueiai ia??iaeo iieia?a, a?aeiia?aeii, a 5.0% iaoe??ioie eiio?ieueii? a?oie, 6.6% - iniiaii? a?oie oa 16.0% - a?oie ii??aiyiiy. Ia ei?enoue aeniei? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy eaca?ii? oa?ai?? na?ae/eoue oa, ui o i?neyiieiaiaiio ia??iae? oneeaaeiaiiy a ii?iae?eeue iniiaii? a?oie aeieeaee a 2.4 ?ace ??aeaea, i?ae o a?oi? ii??aiyiiy (a?aeiia?aeii, 10.0% oa 24.0%). AENIIAEE 1. O oiae? aaa?oiino? a iaoe??ioie c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii iii?/ai? oae? oneeaaeiaiiy: aanoic ? iieiaeie aaa?oiino? (40.0%), aiai?y (80.0%), caa?ica ia?a?eaaiiy aaa?oiino? (56.0%), ?aii? aeieeiaiiy (a 20-24 oeaei?a) i?aaanoico (80.0%) oa i?ciueiai aanoico (60.0%). 2. O aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii aaea ia ii/aoeo ?? iieiaeie aaa?oiino? o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy i?i?iaeueii? oaeaeeino? ae?anoie?/iiai e?iaiieeio (34.51.49ni/n, i?e N – 43.31.83 ni/n, ?<0.01) oa ca?eueoaiiy nenoiei-ae?anoie?/iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (2.450.05 i?e N – 2.080.11, ?<0.05), yea na?ae/eoue i?i niaci noaeei i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea ie?ie, ui ? iaei??th c eaiie iaoiaaiaco A?I-aanoico. O oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. a?aei?/a?oueny cieaeaiiy iaeneiaeueii? oaeaeeino? nenoie?/iiai e?iaiieeio (104.143.24 ni/n, i?e N – 115.533.85 ni/n ?<0.05), yea a?aeia?aaeo? aeao?oeeo ia??io oee?eoethth/i? e?ia?. 3. O aaa?oieo, ye? no?aaeaeathoue ia o?ii?/iee i??eiiao?eo, i?e i?ia?anoaaii? aaa?oiino? ii?ooo?oueny e?iaiieei a a?oa??? ioiiaeie ?c ciaioaiiyi i?i?iaeueii? oaeaeeino? ae?anoie?/iiai e?iaiieeio (11.960.67 ni/n, i?e N – 17.920.86 ni/n, ?<0.001), ca?eueoaiiyi nenoiei-ae?anoie?/iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (3.410.11, i?e N – 2.620.12, ?<0.01), ui na?ae/eoue i?i niaci eai?ey?ii? n?oee ieiaeiai? /anoeie ieaoeaioe, oaoi-ieaoeaioa?io iaaeinoaoi?noue oa ?icaeoie A?I-aanoico. 4. Aeiiiea?iiao??y ie?eiaiai oa ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiieeio iiaea aeei?enoiaoaaoeny o ?aii?e ae?aaiinoeoe? i?ciueiai aanoico o aaa?oieo a?oie ?eceeo. ?aii?i neiioiiii ia?eoa?e/iiai niacio ? ciaioaiiy iieacieea i?i?iaeueii? oaeaeeino? ae?anoie?/iiai e?iaiieeio oa ca?eueoaiiy iieacieea nenoiei-ae?anoie?/iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo oa a?oa??? ioiiaeie. 5. Iieacieee ??aiy aeanoace oa ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeanoaca/2-iae?iaeiaoe?i oa?aeoa?ecothoue noaeeiiee eiiiiiaio e?iaiieeio ? a eiiieaen? c aeiiiea?iiao?e/ieie iieacieeaie (i?i?iaeueia oaeaee?noue ae?anoie?/iiai e?iaiieeio oa nenoiei-ae?anoie?/ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy) iiaeooue aeei?enoiaoaaoeny aeey ?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee A?I-aanoico. 6. O aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii o oa?i?i? 30-32 oeae. a?aei?/aia aeinoia??ia cieaeaiiy ??aiy ano?aae?ieo (47.181.03 iiieue/e, i?e N – 59.601.75 iiieue/e, ?<0/001), oa ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaio (188.622.45 iiieue/e, i?e N – 225.909.53 iiieue/e, ?<0..001), ui na?ae/eoue i?i ?icaeoie oaoi-ieaoeaioa?ii? iaaeinoaoiino?. 7. ?aii? (o 20-24 oeae.) canoinoaaiiy eiiieaenii? oa?ai?? c aeei?enoaiiyi ?io?a/a?aiiiai eaca?iiai ia?iaaceaiiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy ae?eyiee i?iaeoe?? ie?ie oa ieaoeaioe ? iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaiei iaoiaeii i?io?eaeoeee A?I-aanoico, oae ye aaaea aei ii?iae?caoe?? e?iaiieeio o noaeeiao i?e?ioee?eoeyoi?iiai ?onea, aeieoth/e oei naiei iniiai? iaoai?cie eiai caioneo. 8. Aoaeoeaiith ? ?aiiy i?io?eaeoeea A?I-aanoico, yea ii/eia?oueny ia ii/aoeo ?? iieiaeie aaa?oiino? (20-24 oeae.), eiee aiia noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ii?iae?caoe??th aaaaoueio iieaciee?a e?iaiieeio, oa ? iaei aoaeoeaiith, eiee c?yaeythoueny ia?o? ee?i?/i? iciaee A?I-aanoico (30-32 oeae.). 9. Eiiieaenia oa?ai?y ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?io?a/a?aiiiai eaca?iiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy ae?eyiee i?iaeoe?? ie?ie ? ieaoeaioe o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii, yea i?iaaaeaia o oa?i?i? 20-24 oeaei?, aaaea aei ciaioaiiy /enea A?I-aanoic?a (c 60% aei 26.7%), cieaeaiiy /anoioe oneeaaeiaiue iieia?a oa i?neyiieiaiaiai ia??iaeo, iie?auaiiy noaio iiaiia?iaeaeaiiai. Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? 1. Aei ieoaiiy iaoiaaiaco iaaeiiooaaiiy o aaaioieo, oai?eo ia o?iii/iee ii?eiiao?eo // Iaaeiiooaaiiy aaaioiinoi: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue.- E.: A.a., 1997.- N.297-300 (niiaaao. A.O.Iaai?ia, O.I.Ia?iiiiaa). 2. Iao?aaeeoeieii iaoiaee eieoaaiiy caa?ice ia?a?eaaiiy o oai?eo c o?iii/iei ii?eiiao?eoii // Iaaeiiooaaiiy aaaioiinoi: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue.- E.: A.a., 1997.- N.335-337 (niiaaao. O.I.Ia?iiiiaa, O.I.Oaiueinueea). 3. I?eiaiaiea eio?ae?aniiai eaca?iiai eceo/aiey a i?ioeeaeoeea iicaeieo aanoicia //Iaaee/ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y, eo?i?oieia?y, o?c?ioa?ai?y.- 1998.- ?2.- N.30-32 (niaao. A.O.Iaai?iay). 4. Iaoaio 17074 A Oe?aiia IEE 6 A 61 N 5/06. Niinia i?ioieaeoeee A?I-aanoico o aaaioieo c o?iii/iei ii?eiiao?eoii. // Athe.?5, 1997.- (niiaaao. A.O.Iaai?ia). 5. Iniaeeainoi iioaineaiii oa?aiii A?I-aanoico o aaaioieo aeiiie a oiiaao iani?eyoeeaiai aeieiai/iiai na?aaeiaeua // Aeooaeueii ieoaiiy iaaiaeeeaaeiii aeiiiiiae. II Oe?aiinueea iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ia eiioa?aioeiy c iaaiaeeeaaeiii aeiiiiiae.- Iaeana.- 1994.- N183 (niiaaao. A.O.Iaai?ia, E.O.Eiaoa?, I.A.Ai?aethaeaae/, N.?.Aaee/, O.I.Ia?iiiiaa). 6. Iao?aaeeoeieii iaoiaee eieoaaiiy iiciio aanoicia // Oace aeiiiaiaeae Ieaioio I?aaeiiiy iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa aeooa?ia-aiiaeieiaia Oe?aiie.- Iieoaaa,1994.- N.80 (niiaaao. A.O.Iaai?ia, E.O.Eiaoa?, O.I.Ia?iiiiaa, A.I.Oi?iaanueea, A.A.Iaaiiaa). 7. Aiciiaeiinoe eaca?ioa?aiee a aeooa?neie i?aeoeea // I?eiaiaiea eaca?ia a aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeia. V ?anioaeeeaineay iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneay eiioa?aioeey.- sseoa.- 1995.- N.115-116 (niaao. A.O.Iaai?iay). 8. I?eiaiaiea eaca?iie oa?aiee aeey i?ioeeaeoeee A?I-aanoica o aa?aiaiiuo n o?iie/aneei ieaeiiao?eoii // I?eiaiaiea eaca?ia a aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeia. II Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay eiioa?aioeey.- Eeaa.- 1995.- N.107 (niaao. A.O.Iaai?iay). Aiioaoe?? Eaaiia A.I. Iniaaiiinoe e?iaioiea a ii/eao e ioiiaeia e aai ei??aeoeey a i?ioeeaeoeea iicaeiaai aanoica o aa?aiaiiuo n o?iie/aneei ieaeiiao?eoii. - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.01 - aeooa?noai e aeiaeieiaey. - Iaeanneee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao IC Oe?aeiu, Iaeanna, 1998. Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia eco/aieth ninoaeenoiai eiiiiiaioa e?iaioiea a ii/a/iuo a?oa?eyo e a a?oa?ee ioiiaeiu, a oae aea ?ac?aaioea iaoiaea aai ei??aeoeee n oeaeueth i?ioeeaeoeee A?I-aanoica o aa?aiaiiuo n o?iie/aneei ieaeiiao?eoii. I?e aeiiiea?iiao?ee e?iaioiea a ii/a/iuo a?oa?eyo e a?oa?ee ioiiaeiu i?iaiaeeeny aiaeec oieueei oaieiacaaeneiuo ia?aiao?ia: iaeneiaeueiie nei?inoe nenoiee/aneiai e?iaioiea (io?aaeaao iauai oee?eoee?othuae e?iae, aieinoue a?oa?eaeueiuo ninoaeia) e ieieiaeueiie nei?inoe aeeanoiee/aneiai e?iaioiea (oa?aeoa?ecoao nii?ioeaeaiea ia?eoa?e/aneie /anoe ninoaeenoiai ?onea). Nenoiei-aeeanoiee/aneia ioiioaiea io?aaeaao noaiaiue caoooaiey ioeueniaie aieiu e yaeyaony iieacaoaeai ia?eoa?e/aneiai ninoaeenoiai nii?ioeaeaiey. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oaea a n?iea 20-24 iaae. ii?aaeaeyaony nieaeaiea ieieiaeueiie nei?inoe aeeanoiee/aneiai e?iaioiea e iiauoaiea nenoiei-aeeanoiee/aneiai ioiioaiey, naeaeaoaeuenoaothuaa i iiauoaiee ia?eoa?e/aneie ninoaeenoie ?acenoaioiinoe e oooaeoaiee iee?ioee?eoeyoeee a ii/eao e ieaoeaioa. N oaaee/aieai n?iea (30-32 iaaeaee) o aa?aiaiiuo n o?iie/aneei ieaeiiao?eoii nio?aiyaony oaiaeaioeey e oooaeoaieth e?iaioiea a enneaaeoaiuo ninoaeao e ii?aaeaeyaony nieaeaiea iaeneiaeueiie nei?inoe nenoiee/aneiai e?iaioiea, /oi aeieacuaaao iaee/ea aeaoeoeeoa iauaia oee?eoee?othuae e?iae. I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey aeatho iniiaaiea n/eoaoue, /oi eciaiaiea iieacaoaeae ieieiaeueiie nei?inoe aeeanoiee/aneiai e?iaioiea e nenoiei-aeeanoiee/aneiai ioiioaiey yaeyaony iaeaieaa ?aiiei i?eciaeii ia?ooaiey iee?ioee?eoeyoeee a ii/eao e ieaoeaioa. Naiaa?aiaiiay aeeaaiinoeea n iiiiuueth aeiiiea?iiao?ee iicaieeo iauaeoeaii ioeaieoue noaiaiue ia?ooaiey e?iaioiea, aa?iyoiinoue aicieeiiaaiey aanoica, iaiaoiaeeiinoue i?iaaaeaiey i?ioeeaeoe/aneiai ea/aiey e eiio?iee?iaaoue aai yooaeoeaiinoue. Eco/aiu iieacaoaee i?ioaieeoe/aneie nenoaiu o aa?aiaiiuo n o?iie/aneei ieaeiiao?eoii. Iniaue eioa?an aucuaaao eco/aiea oaeiai oa?iaioa, eae yeanoaca, eioi?ue ?anuaieyao yeanoei, a oii /enea, yeanoei ninoaeenoie noaiee. Yoi naienoai iniaaiii aaaeii, oae eae noaiee ninoaeia ea?atho aaaeioth ?ieue a ?acaeoee eo niacia, eioi?ue caieiaao oeaio?aeueiia ianoi a aicieeiiaaiee iaoieiae/aneeo eciaiaiee i?e aanoica. 2-iae?iaeiaoeei auiieiyao caueoioth ?ieue io aeano?oeoeaiiai aeaenoaey yeanoacu. Auyaeaii, /oi o?iaaiue yeanoacu nieaeai, o?iaaiue 2-iae?iaeiaoeeia iiauoai. Iaee/ea o?iie/aneiai ainiaeeoaeueiiai i?ioeanna a ii/eao i?eaiaeeo e iinoaiaiiiio enoiuaieth nenoaiu yeanoaca-eiaeaeoi?u i?ioaieeca, oiaiueoaieth yeanoe/iinoe ninoaeenoie noaiee, ia?eoa?e/aneiio niacio ninoaeia a i?aaiao, ianoueo a yoio ia?eiae iaeaieueooth iaa?oceo. Ii?aaeaeaii, /oi iieacaoaee o?iaiy yeanoacu, 2-iae?iaeiaoeeia e eo niioiioaiey iaoiaeyony a ei??aeyoeeiiiie acaeiinayce n aeiiiea?iiao?e/aneeie iieacaoaeyie e?iaioiea a ii/a/iuo a?oa?eyo e a?oa?ee ioiiaeiu, a eiiieaena n eioi?uie iie iiaoo eniieueciaaoueny aeey ?aiiae aeeaaiinoeee A?I-aanoica. Enneaaeiaaiu iieacaoaee ai?iiiaeueiie nenoaiu oaoi-ieaoeaioa?iiai eiiieaena. Ioia/aii, /oi a n?iea 20-24 iaae. iieacaoaee o?iaiy yno?aaeeiea e ieaoeaioa?iiai eaeoiaaia aeinoiaa?ii ia ioee/aeenue io oaeiauo o caei?iauo aa?aiaiiuo, /oi naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i aua nio?aiaiiie niiniaiinoe OIE e eiiiainaoi?ii-i?eniiniaeoaeueiui ?aaeoeeyi. A n?iea 30-32 iaae. o?iaaiue yoeo ai?iiiia aeinoiaa?ii nieaeai ii n?aaiaieth n iieacaoaeyie eiio?ieueiie a?oiiu, /oi iiaeoaa?aeaeaao iaaaoeaiia aeeyiee o?iie/aneiai ieaeiiao?eoa ia ninoiyiea ieaoeaiou e ieiaea. Iaoiaaiaoe/anee iainiiaaia ?aiiyy (a 20-24 iaaeaee) ei??aeoeey ii/a/iiai e ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaioiea n i?eiaiaieai aicaeaenoaey eio?ae?aniui eaca?iui eceo/aieai ia iaeanoue i?iaeoeee ii/ae e ieaoeaiou a eiiieaeniie oa?aiee n oeaeueth i?ioeeaeoeee A?I-aanoica. Ea/aiea, ia/aoia a n?iea 30-32 iaaeaee, i?e iiyaeaiee eeeie/aneeo i?eciaeia iicaeiaai aanoica, iaei yooaeoeaii. Iiaeoaa?aeaeaieai yooaeoeaiinoe i?eiaiaiey ?ac?aaioaiiiai iaoiaea ea/aiey yaeyaony oiaiueoaiea eiee/anoaa iicaeieo aanoicia, nieaeaiea /anoiou ineiaeiaiee ?iaeia e iinea?iaeiaiai ia?eiaea o iaoeeaioie n o?iie/aneei ieaeiiao?eoii. Eeth/aaua neiaa: o?iie/aneee ieaeiiao?eo, A?I-aanoic, aeiiiea?iiao?ey, e?iaioie, i?ioaieec, ei??aeoeey. ?aaiia I.I. Iniaeeaino? e?iaiieeio o ie?eao ? ioiiaei? oa eiai ei?aeoe?y a i?io?eaeoeoe? i?ciueiai aanoico o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.01 – aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y. – Iaeanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie, Iaeana, 1998. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aea/aiith noaeeiiiai eiiiiiaioo e?iaiieeio o ie?eiaeo a?oa??yo ? a a?oa??? ioiiaeie o aaa?oieo c o?ii?/iei i??eiiao?eoii. Anoaiiaeaii, ui o oeeo aaa?oieo a?aei?/a?oueny iia??oaiiy ie?eiaiai oa ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiieeio, yea aecia/a?oueny o 20-24 oeae. oa na?ae/eoue i?i i?aeaeuaiiy ia?eoa?e/ii? noaeeiii? ?acenoaioiino? e iia??oaiiy i?e?ioee?eoeyoe?? o ie?eao oa ieaoeaio?. Iae?aii?oeie iieacieeaie ii?ooaiiy e?iaiieeio ? i?i?iaeueia oaeaee?noue ae?anoie?/iiai e?iaiieeio oa nenoiei-ae?anoie?/ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, ye? iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoiaai? o ae?aaiinoeoe? A?I-aanoico oa ye e??oa??e aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy. Aecia/ai? iieacieee ai?iiiaeueii? nenoaie OIE, i?ioaie?oe/ii? nenoaie. Iieacaiee ei?aeyoe?eiee ca?ycie i?ae iieacieeaie, ui aea/aeeny. Iaoiaaiaoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia ?aiiy (o 20-24 oeaei?a) ei?aeoe?y ie?eiaiai oa ieaoeaioa?iiai e?iaiieeio c aeei?enoaiiyi eaca?iiai aieeao ia ae?eyieo i?iaeoe?? ie?ie oa ieaoeaioe c iaoith i?io?eaeoeee A?I-aanoico. Eeth/ia? neiaa: o?ii?/iee i??eiiao?eo, A?I-aanoic, aeiiiea?iiao??y, e?iaiieei, i?ioaie?c, ei?aeoe?y. Ivanov A.N. Peculiarity of blood circulation in kidneys and umbilical cord and correction of it in the prophylaxes of gestosis in the case of pregnancy with chronic pyelonephritis.– Manuscript. Thesis for scientific degree of Candidate of Medical Science by speciality 14.01.01- obstetrics and gynecology. - Odessa State Medical University, Iinistry of Health of Ukraine, Odessa, 1998. The thesis is dedicated to studing of the component of blood circulation in the nephric artery and the artery of umbilical cord in the case of pregnancy with chronic pyelonephritis. It is established that the deterioration of nephric and placental blood circulation which begins on 20-24 weeks is observed in the case of such pregnancy. This fact shows the increasing of peripheral vascular resistance and deterioration of microcirculation in kidneys and placenta. The earliest indexes of infringement of blood circulation are minimal speed of diastolic blood circulation and systole-diastolic ratio which can be used in diagnostics of EPH-gestosis and as a criterion of an effect of the treatment. The indexes of hormone system of fetoplacental complex, proteolytic system are determined. The correlatic connection between studying indexes is showed. Early (20-24 weeks) correction of nephric and placental blood circulation with using of laser influence on the projection place of kidneys and placenta with the object of EPH-gestosis prophylaxis is pathogenesis based. Key words: chronic pyelonephritis, EPH-gestosis, dopplerometry, blood circulation, proteolysis, correction.

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