?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia??

Aeaaeai?? iaaee/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie

NAEUeNUeEA Ieueaa Aieiaeeie??aia

OAeE 616-053.4+616.233-022-072+616.12-088.1+612.216.2

INIAEEAINO? OOIEOe?IIAEUeIIAI NOAIO EA?Ae?I?ANI??AOI?II? NENOAIE O
Ae?OAE AeIOE?EUeIIAI A?EO, OAI?EO IA ?AOeEAeEAOTH*EE A?IIO?O

14.01.10.- “Iaae?ao??y”

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e aea?aeaai?e iaaee/i?e aeaaeai??
IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeia? ea??aieee:

-aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Aieinyiei ?iiaia Iao??aia,
?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith aeeoy/eo oai?ia;

-aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, Aaaei Nio’y Ieaenaiae??aia, ?inoeooo
iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii
ooieoe?iiaeueii? ae?aaiinoeee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

-aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaeaeaiiee A?oae?e A?eai?iae/,
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IIC Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith iaae?ao??? ?4;

-aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Na?aaeaiei Ieoaeei Ieoaeeiae/,
?inoeooo o?c?ieia?? ?i.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eii a?iiene/ieo noai?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
?i.I.E.Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a iaae?ao??? ?3.

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny ‘’8’’ a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 1300
aiaeei? ia can?-aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.553.01 ii
caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a iaoe ca
niaoe?aeueiinoyie ‘’Iaae?ao??y’, ”Aeooa?noai ? a?iaeieia?y” i?e
?inoeooo? iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050,
i.Ee?a, aoe.Iaio?euenueeiai,8).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iaae?ao???, aeo-oa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie (252050, i.Ee?a,
aoe.Iaio?euenueeiai,8).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ‘’6’’ eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Eaaoi?ia E.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Iaei??th c iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai no/anii?
ioeueiiiieia?? ? i?io?eaeoeea oa e?eoaaiiy ?aoeeaeeaoth/iai a?iio?oo
(?A). Ae?oe, oai?? ia ?A, neeaaeath/e 30-40% a?ae caaaeueiiai /enea
ioeueiiiieia?/ii? iaoieia??, a?aeiinyoueny aei o?aouei? a?oie /anoi
oai??th/eo ae?oae. Aeooaeuei?noue aeaii? i?iaeaie aecia/a?oueny ia eeoa
cia/iith iioe?ai?noth oeueiai caoai?thaaiiy, aea ? oei, ui, aeieeioaoe a
aeeoy/iio a?oe?, i?e i?ci?e oa iaaeinoaoi?e ae?aaiinoeoe? oa a?aeiiai?e
oa?ai??, oi?io?oueny o?ii?/ia a?iioieaaaiaaa iaoieia?y o ae?oae noa?oi?
a?eiai? a?oie oa aei?ineeo (O.E.Eo?/,1987; A.?a/einueeee, 1987;
A.I.Ei?aiaiia, 1992; E.A.Aeoiyeiaa, 1993; A.O.Iicaeaanueeee, 1994;
A.A.Oeuaiei, 1995; K.Mosgauroth, 1988; L.Brochard, 1987).

Ca aeaieie ?.A. A?oaiiiiaa (1987), i?ae /an ?A aeieeathoue iacai?ioi?
ii?oieia?/i? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie. I?e oeueiio a 12,7% aeaia
caoai?thaaiiy o?ainoi?io?oueny a anoiaoe/iee a?iio?o, ? a 2% — a
a?iio?aeueio anoio, ui iniaeeai /?oei i?iyaey?oueny a aeioe?eueiiio
a?oe?.

?A, yeee ia?aa?aa? eaaei, ia caaaeaee coiiaeth? i?e/eio aeey caa?oaiiy
aei e?ea?y, ? oiio, ia aeoieo ?yaeo aaoi??a (A.A. Ieaoia, 1988;
A.A.AEo?eia, 1993; I.A.Aanee’?aa, 1994), ae?oae oaeoe/ii, oai?eo ia ?A,
a?eueoa i?ae oeo, eiio oaeee ae?aaiic aenoaaey?oueny.

A ioe?ioe? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aeeoy/iai i?aai?cio i?e ?A aaaeeeaei
? a?aeiia?aeii iaa?oioiaaia ioe?iea ee?i?/ieo iciae caoai?thaaiiy oa
aa?eo?eaoe?y ae?aaiico ca oiiae ia?aee?i?/iiai oa iiaiiai
?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ianoaaeaiiy, aecia/aiiy noaio a?iio?aeueii?
i?io?aeiino? ( ?.N.Oe?y?aa, 1987, 1990; D.R.Robinson,1984).

A?aeiii, ui aoaeoeai?noue eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy ae?oae c ?A caeaaeeoue
a?ae ioe?iee noaio a?iioieaaaiaai? nenoaie, ye i?e caaino?aii?, oae ? a
i?ae?aoeeaeeaiee ia??iae, ? a aeaiiio iieiaeaii? aaaaoi aeoiie ?
aeeneon?eieie (N.I.Aaaei, 1986; N.N.Eacae, 1987; A.N.Eaaaaeaaa, 1987;
?.?.Oieeia, 1991). Aea/aiiy ea?ae?i?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie, yea ?
?iaeeeaoi?ii aaeaioaoe?eii-i?enoinoaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? anueiai
i?aai?cio, e??i ioe?iee ooieoe?? oeeo aeeoo?caaacia/oth/eo nenoai, aea?
iiaeeea?noue o ii/aoeia? oa?i?ie caoai?thaaiiy iaa?oiooaaoe ca
iaiao?aeiino? ei?aeoe?th aeyaeaieo ii?ooaiue.

Cacia/aii, ui a i?ae?aoeeaeeaiee ia??iae iiaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe??
ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy ia ianooia? (O.E. Eo?/, 1987; I.?. Eaneoey, 1987;
A.?. Io?aoaa?aa, 1994).

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a iaaeao iniiaiiai iai?yieo ?aaii-O?aie?anueei?
aea?aeaaii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? “?ic?iaea iiaeo iaaee/ieo oaoiieia?e oa
noaiaea?o?a yeino? ae?aaiinoeee, i?io?eaeoeee oa e?eoaaiiy
iaeaaaeeea?oeo ia?ioaeoe?eieo caoai?thaaiue”, yeee ?ic?iaey?oueny a
?aieao i?aeia?iaeii? (i?aeaea?aeaaii?) i?ia?aie CINDI-AIC Oe?a?ia
(1995-2000) (01.02.032.96 i).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Oaeineiiaeaiiy eiiieaenii? ae?aaiinoeee ii?ooaiue i?e ?A, cie?aia
ea?ae?i?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie, a ??ci? ia??iaee ia?aa?ao oa i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy ae?oae c aeaiei caoai?thaaiiyi.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. I?iaanoe eiiieaenia ianoaaeaiiy ooieoe?? nenoaie ciai?oiueiai
aeeoaiiy, na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie ? aeyaeoe ci?ie aaaaoaoeaii?
?aaeoeaiino? a ??cieo oacao iaoieia?/iiai i?ioeano ?A.

2. Aeyaeoe caeaaei?noue ci?ie iieaciee?a ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy a?ae
nooiai?a aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino?.

3. Aea/eoe caeaaei?noue ci?i iieaciee?a na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie (ca
aeaieie aoiea?ae?ia?ao?? c aecia/aiiyi oei?a aaiiaeeiai?ee) a?ae
nooiai?a aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino?.

4. Aeine?aeeoe ca’ycie iieaciee?a aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? c? ci?iaie
aaioeeyoe?eii? caeaoiino? oa noaiii na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie a ??ci?
ia??iaee caoai?thaaiiy (caaino?aii? oa a i?ae?aoeeaeeaiee ia??iae).

5. Aeaoe ii??aiyeueio ioe?ieo o?aaeeoe?eieo ? aaeineiiaeaieo iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy ?A — ye a aino?ee ia??iae, oae ? a ia??iae ?aiiuei?
?aaa?e?oaoe??.

6. Aea/eoe i?iaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? iiaeaeueoiai ia?aa?ao ?aoeeaeeaoth/iai
a?iio?oo c iaoith nai?/aniiai ei?aaoaaiiy a?aeiiaethth/i? oa?ai??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia.

I?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aiao??a noaio
ea?ae?i?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie c aecia/aiiyi oei?a aaiiaeeiai?ee oa
aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaco a ia??iae? caaino?aiiy oa i?ae?aoeeaeeaiee
ia??iae ?aoeeaeeaoth/iai a?iio?oo o ae?oae 4-7 ?ie?a.

Aeyaeaia caeaaei?noue ci?i iieaciee?a ea?ae?i?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie,
aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaeoeaiino? oa ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a a?ae /anoioe
caaino?aiue caoai?thaaiiy a ??e.

Aia?oa aeine?aeaeaii noai na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, ciai?oiueiai
aeeoaiiy oa aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiai?a
aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino?.

Aea/aii noai neeaaeiaeo oei?a aaiiaeeiai?ee, ea?ae?i?ioa?aaeia?ao?? ?
ni??ia?ao??, c o?aooaaiiyi iieaciee?a e?eai? “iio?e-ia’?i” a caeaaeiino?
a?ae nooiai?a aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino?.

I?iaaaeaia ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi
i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei”, iaa?oioiaaia ei?aeoe?y oa?aiaaoe/ieo eiiieaen?a
ia aoaiao ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?A.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

1. Eiiieaenia aea/aiiy iieaciee?a ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy,
na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie oa aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? aeicaiey?
ei?aaoaaoe oa?ai?th ? i?aeaeueoe ?? aoaeoeai?noue, ye a ia??iae?
caaino?aiiy, oae ? i?e aeeniaina?iiio iaaeyae? a i?ae?aoeeaeeaiee
ia??iae.

2. ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeey ioe?iee noaio ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy o ae?oae,
oai?eo ia ?A, canoinoaaiiy ni??ia?ao?a, ye? aeicaieythoue aea/eoe
a?iio?aeueio i?io?aei?noue ia iniia? aeaieo e?eai? “iio?e-ia’?i” c
/ioe?e??/iiai a?eo.

3. O eiiieaenio oa?ai?th ?aoeeaeeaoth/iai a?iio?oo o ae?oae
aeioe?eueiiai a?eo i?iiiio?oueny iioei?ciaaiee oa?aiaaoe/iee eiiieaen c
canoinoaaiiyi aioeieneaeaioiiai i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei”.

I?aeaioiaeaii oa iioae?eiaaii ?ioi?iaoe?eiee eeno “Iaoiae e?eoaaiiy
?aoeeaeeaoth/iai a?iio?oo o ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo c aeeth/aiyi
i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei”?30-97 (Ee?a, 1997).

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy cai?iaaaeaeai? a i?aeoeeo ?iaioe
?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii? oa i?nueei? aeeoy/i? e?ea?aiue,
?aeiiieo e?ea?aiue ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeano? (i. Eaeoo, i. Iaaea??ia,
i. Eieiiey), e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo aeeoy/eo caeeaae?a i. Euea?a oa
i.A?iieoey.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Aaoi?ii iniaenoi i?iaaaeai? ee?i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy oa ianoaaeaiiy
ae?oae. Cae?eniai? ?ino?oiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy (ni??ia?ao?y,
aoiea?ae?ineii?y, ea?ae?i?ioa?aaeia?ao?y, aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao?y c
aecia/aiiyi oeneo a iaeiio eie? e?iaiia?ao) a ia??iae? caaino?aiiy oa a
i?ae?aoeeaeeaiee ia??iae.

Aeine?aeaeaii ca’ycie i?ae ia?aiao?aie, ui aea/aeenue, c?iaeaia
noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea, ocaaaeueiaiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a c o?aooaaiiyi
aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaieo, nei?aaiaaieo oa?aiaaoe/ieo eiiieaen?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue
ia ieaiiaeo eo?nao i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? c ieoaiue caoai?thaaiiy
o?ii?/ieie ianiaoeeo?/ieie caoai?thaaiiyie eaaaiue a
?aaii-O?aie?anuee?e aeeoy/?e iaeani?e e?ea?i? (1996), 29-?e iaeani?e
eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo-iaaeee?a (?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1998) oa ia
iaaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? nooaeaio?a oa iieiaeeo e?ea??a (Iieueoa, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaae?oeiaaii 8 ?ia?o, ?c ieo 5 noaoae a
aeo?iaeao, ? 3 — o a?o/eciyieo oa ?iicaiieo ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue, 3 ?icae?e?a, ui a?aeia?aaeathoue ?acoeueoaoe aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
ia?ae?eo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae e?oa?aoo?e. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 172
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, ?ethno?iaaia 45 oaaeeoeyie oa 4
?enoieaie, ye? ?ici?uai? ia 47 noi??ieao. Aei a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai ia?ae?eo
aianaii 148 a?o/eciyieo ? 79 ca?oa?aeieo aeaea?ae, ye? caeiathoue 24
noi??iee.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

Ia‘?eo oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeanue ia aac?
ioeueiiiieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy oa a?aeae?eaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii?
ae?aaiinoeee ?aaii-O?aie?anueei? iaeanii? aeeoy/i? e?ea?i? ? iie?a?oueny
ia ?acoeueoaoe niinoa?aaeaiiy oa ianoaaeaiiy 122 ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai
a?eo (4-7 ?ie?a), oai?eo ia ?aoeeaeeaoth/ee a?iio?o, a ia??iae?
caaino?aiiy oa 32 — a ia??iae? ?ai?n??. A?oiith ii??aiyiiy aoee 25
caei?iaeo ae?oae.

C iaoith aeyaeaiiy ?aii?o ii?ooaiue ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio
ea?ae?i?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie aeei?enoiaoaaee eiiieaeniee iaoiae
ianoaaeaiiy: 1) ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/i?; 2) na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie
(aeaeo?iea?ae?ia?ao?y, aei??thaaiiy oeneo a iaeiio eie? e?iaiia?ao,
aoiea?ae?ineii?y, ea?ae?i?ioa?aaeia?ao?y); 2) eaaaiaai? nenoaie
(ni??ia?ao?y ca aeaieie e?eai? “iio?e-ia`?i”).

Caaeey aea/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? oa?ai?? aeei?enoaiee iaoaiaoe/iee iaoiae
aaeueii? ioe?iee ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a caoai?thaaiiy c ae?aooieii
?ioaa?aeueiiai iieacieea iaoieia?? — ?II (N.I.Oae?iia, E.E.Aiae?a?uaaa,
N.I.Iaea?a, 1985).

Ee?i?/ia neiioiiaoeea caoai?thaaiiy niinoa??aaeanue o aeaio
?ai-aeii?ciaaieo a?oiao — iniiai?e oa a?oi? ii??aiyiiy (anueiai 122
ae?oae). Ae?oe a?oie ii??aiyiiy (69) io?eioaaee aacenio oa?ai?th, ae?oe
iniiaii? (53) — a eiiieaen? e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a aeiaeaoeiaa
ii?aeiaiiyi c aioeieneaeaioii ‘‘Eaa?oeaoei‘‘.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aoei ia?iaeaii iaoiaeii iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee c
aecia/aiiyi e?eoa??y No’thaeaioa (p<0.05). ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy. Ee?i?/ia niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ae?oueie, oai?eie ia ?aoeeaeeaoth/ee a?iio?o, anoaiiaeei, ui iae/ano?oa (o 56,5% ae?oae) ?A ii/eiaany o a?oe? ia?oeo /ioe?ueio ?ie?a, i?iyaeyany ?aoeeaeeaaie, iniaeeai i?ae /an aeoiaaiiy a aeeoy/iio naaeeo aiane?aeie /anoeo aino?eo ?ani??aoi?ieo caoai?thaaiue oa i?iaeiaaeoaaa aeaaaoe ?aoeeaeeae aei iinooieaiiy aeeoeie a oe?eueiee eieaeoea. I?ae /an aiae?co aeaieo /anoioe noiooiuei? iaoieia?? i?e ?A aeyaeeinue, ui o 50% a?aei?/aeanue EI?- iaoieia?y, cie?aia o?ii?/iee oiicee?o - o 25,4% oai?eo. E??i oiai, o 14,0% ae?oae ae?aaiinooaaany ea???n coa?a, o 6,6% - oieaiao?? i?aai?/iiai aai ooieoe?iiaeueiiai iioiaeaeaiiy, o 9,8% - iaa?iiao?y oa o 9,8% - anea?eaeic. Aea/aiiy aiaiiaco aeicaieeei aeyaeoe o 55% oai?eo ae?oae i?iyae aea?a?? ??ciiai iioiaeaeaiiy: ia oa?/ia? i?iaeoeoe, e?ea?nuee? i?aia?aoe. O 9,8% aeiaaee?a aea?aieia?/iee aiaiiac iaeaeeae/eo ?iaee/?a aoa iiceoeaiei, a ianiaoeeo?/ia a?iioieaaaiaaa iaoieia?y cono??/aeanue o 19,7%. Ee?i?/i? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca ae?oueie, oai?eie ia ?A, aeicaieeee aeyaeoe aeinoaoiuei aaeeeo aa??aaaeuei?noue /anoioe caaino?aiue a ??e. Oae, ?aoeeaeeae 3-4 ?ace a ??e ui??/ii aoee a 41,8% ae?oae, a /ano? ?aoeeaeeae ( 5 ? a?eueoa ?ac?a) - o 14,7%. Aiae?c eiiiiiaio?a aeeoaeueiiai oeeeeo aeicaieea anaa?/ii ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe ooieoe?th ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy. Aei a?oie ianoaaeaieo a?aeiineeenue ae?oe c? cia/ieie ii?ooaiiyie a nenoai? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy. Iniaeeai /?oei oea i?aeoaa?aeaeoaaeinue ci?iaie oaeaee?nieo oa /aniaiai iieaciee?a. Cia/ii cieaeoaaeanue i?io?aei?noue e?oiieo (FEF 75) oa na?aaei?o (FEF 50) a?iio?a. Eiiiainaoi?i? iiaeeeaino? oi?niaaiiai aeaeeoo ca 0,5nae. aoee ciaioaieie a 2 ?ace, a i?eiaa oaeaee?noue aeaeeoo a?eueoa i?ae a 2 ?ace. Iio??aii aoei a?eueoa coneeey aeey oiai, uia iia?o?y a caaeaiiio ia’?i? iiaei iieeiooe eaaai? ca 1 nae., ? oea noinoaaeinue ca?eueoaiiy /aniaiai iieacieea IOO. I?e ?iciiae?e? ae?oae ca nooiaiyie aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino? (AI), aeyaeeinue, ui o a?eueoino? aeioe?eueiyo eiinoaooaaeanue aaioeeyoe?eia iaaeinoaoi?noue ?? nooiaiy (64 aeeoeie) oa ? nooiaiy - 39 oai?eo. Aaioeeyoe?eia iaaeinoaoi?noue ??? nooiaiy neeaea 1/6 caaaeueii? e?eueeino? (?en. 1). ?en.1 ?iciiae?e ae?oae ca nooiaiyie aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino? I?e e?eueeino? caaino?aiue aei 3-4 ?ac?a a ??e ci?ie aaioeeyoe?eii? caeaoiino? eaaaiue aoee i?i?iaeueieie ? noinoaaeenue eeoa oaeaee?nieo iieaciee?a aeaeeoo, ui ? a?eueo i?iaiinoe/ii ni?eyoeeaei. I?e e?eueeino? caaino?aiue 4-5 oa a?eueoa 5 a ??e - ci?ia iieaciee?a aoea ??ciith. Nii/aoeo niinoa??aaeinue cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a aeaeeoo. C? ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe caaino?aiue aei oeueiai i?e?aeioaaeenue ? cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a aaeeoo, a ia’?ii? cia/aiiy o?eaaeee /an aoee ii?iaeueieie. Ine?eueee ?nio? ia?ic?eaiee ca‘ycie i?ae eaaaiaaith ? na?oeaai-noaeeiiith nenoaiaie ? noai aaiiaeeiai?ee iia‘ycaiee c? nooiaiyie aeeoaeueii? iaaeinoaoiino?, ie ?icaeyioee noai iieaciee?a ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy, oei?a aaiiaeeiai?ee ? iae?iaaaaoaoeaieo ci?i a caeaaeiino? a?ae nooiai?a aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino?. Oaaeeoey 1 Caeaaei?noue nooiai?a aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino? a?ae oei?a aaiiaeeiai?ee i?e iinooieaii? o noaoe?iia? Oeie A?aenioie nooiai?a aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino? aaiiaeeiai?ee ? ?? ??? A?iie?iaoe/iee 18,0 15,7 42,1 Ii?iie?iaoe/iee 56,4 40,7 26,3 A?ia?e?iaoe/iee 25,6 43,6 31,6 sse aa/eii a oaae.1, ui i?e ? nooiai? AI iaea?eueoa ae?oae aoei c ii?iie?iaoe/iei oeiii aaiiaeeiai?ee (40%), i?e ?? nooiai? AI - ia?aaaaeaa a?ia?e?iaoe/iee (61,9%) oa i?e ??? nooiai? AI - a?iie?iaoe/iee oei (32%). ? nooi?iue AI oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue cieaeaiiyi oaeaee?nieo iieaciee?a aeaeeoo FEF 75, FEF 50 oa FEF 25 ? iii??iei ca?eueoaiiyi na?aaeiueiai o?aiceoi?iiai /ano. I?e AI ?? nooiaiy cieaeoaaeenue ia‘?ii? iieacieee, c a?eueo ae?aaeaiei cieaeaiiyi oaeaee?nieo iieaciee?a (iniaeeai ia ??ai? e?oiieo oa na?aaei?o a?iio?a). Oi?niaaia aeeoo?aa ?ie?noue eaaaiue cieaeoaaeanue i?e a?iie?iaoe/iiio oei? aaiiaeeiai?ee, a na?aaei?e o?aiceoi?iee /an ca?eueooaaany i?e ii?iie?iaoe/iiio oa a?ia?e?iaoe/iiio oei? aaiiaeeiai?ee. Iniaeeai niinoa??aaeinue ca?eueoaiiy iaeneiaeueii? oaeeeiii? aaioeeyoe?? i?e a?ia?e?iaoe/iiio oei?, ui ii?aeioaaeinue c ae?aaeaiith neiiaoe/iith ?aaeoeai?noth. I?e AI ??? nooiaiy a?aei?/aeinue a?eueo ae?aaeaia ciaioaiiy oaeaee?nieo ? ia‘?iieo iieaciee?a, ? cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy /aniaiai iieacieea IOO, iniaeeai, a a?oiao a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai oa a?iie?iaoe/iiai oei?a aaiiaeeiai?ee. Ia aeeaey/enue ia oa, ui oei aaiiaeeiai?ee ii ?.E.Ooaaoeaaay ? aaiaoe/ii aeaoa?i?iiaaiei, ci?ie neeaaeiaeo oa ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ae?oae, ye? oai?? ia ?A c a?ia?e?iaoe/iei oa a?iie?iaoe/iei oeiaie aaiiaeeiai?ee i?e ae?oaiio oa o?aoueiio nooiaiyo AI na?ae/aoue i?i iaoieia?/iee ?o oa?aeoa?. Oaae naia iiaeia neacaoe ? i?i ii?iie?iaoe/iee oei aaiiaeeiai?ee i?e ? oa ?? nooiaiyo AI. Aeey a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai oeio aaiiaeeiai?ee oa?aeoa?ii ca?eueoaiiy N? ca ?aooiio OIE, ciaioaiiy CII oa AIIN. Iaeiae o ae?oae c aaioeeyoe?eiith iaaeinoaoi?noth oe? iieacieee noi?iaiaeaeothoueny ciaioaiiyi a?oa??iaaiicii? ??cieoe? ii eenith, ciaioaiiyi eeniaai? ?ieino? e?ia? ? cieaeaiiyi a?aenioeo ooee?caoe?? eenith oeaieiaie. O ae?oae ?? oa ??? nooiaiy AI a?ia?e?iaoe/iee oei noi?iaiaeaeoaaany a?ia?e?iaoe/iith ?aaeoe??th i?iea?aeo e?aiai oeoii/ea, ca?eueoaiiyi o?aeoe?? aeeeaeo aei 70%-80%, a?eueoa, i?ae o iieiaeie ae?oae, ca?eueoaiiyi oeneo a eaaaiaa?e a?oa??? (32,2±0,38 ii.?o.no.), aeeeyoaoe??th i?aaiai oeoii/ea. O caei?iaeo ae?oae c a?ia?e?iaoe/iei oeiii aaiiaeeiai?ee iiae?aieo ci?i ia a?aeaoaaeinue. Oi/ ii?iie?iaoe/iee oei cono??/aany o ae?oae c AI ?-?? nooiaiyie (40% oa 50,9% a?aeiia?aeii), aea ca nai?th ‘‘aeiiii?/i?noth‘‘ a?i a?ae??ciyany a?ae oaeiai ae o caei?iaeo. O ae?oae c AI ? nooiaiy, ? iniaeeai ?? nooiaiy niinoa??aaany aeenaaeain i?ae N? oa AIIN, ui noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue aeene?iaoe/iei neiae?iiii, cieaeaiiyi nei?ioeeai? iiaeeeaino? i?iea?aeo, ? o ae?oae c ?? nooiaiai AI i?aeaeuaiiyi oeneo a eaaaiaa?e a?oa???. Ana oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui o ae?oae, oai?eo ia ?A, iniaeeai ca iayaiino? aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino?, ? ii?iie?iaoe/iee oei aaiiaeeiai?ee ia ? aa??aioii ii?ie. A?iie?iaoe/iee oei niinoa??aaany o 20,5% an?o ae?oae c ??cieie nooiaiyie aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino?, c ia?aaaaith o a?oi? AI ?? nooiaiy (aeea.oaae.1). Ia aeeaey/enue ia oa, ui a?iie?iaoe/iee oei ? aa??aioii ii?ie ? iaa?oue iiaea aooe “aeiiiiiei” iniaeeai o nii?oniai?a i?e aaaioii??, a?i cono??/aany c? ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe caaino?aiue a ??e, c? cia/i?oeie ee?i?/ieie i?iyaaie ? noi?iaiaeaeoaaany neeaaei?oeie aaioeeyoe?eieie ii?ooaiiyie. O oai?eo c ?A i?e oeueiio oei? aaiiaeeiai?ee niinoa??aa?oueny cieaeaiiy N? ? ca?eueoaiiy CII, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny cia/iei aeenaaeainii i?ae oeaio?aeueiei ? ia?eoa??eiei eaioethaaie aia?aoo e?iaiia?ao (N? oa CII), ciaioaiiyi oaea?iiai ia‘?io, cia/iei i?aeaeuaiiyi caaaeueiiai ia?eoa??eiiai iii?o, a oaeiae na?aaeiueiai a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo ? oeneo a eaaaiaa?e a?oa???, aeeeyoaoe??th i?aaiai oeoii/ea. Oe? ci?ie na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui a?iie?iaoe/iee oei o oe??? a?oie oai?eo a?aeia?aaea? cieaeaiiy ?iio?iiii? ooieoe?? na?oey, niia?eueiaiiy ia?aaeeai?ey?iiai e?iaiia?ao. Aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei” a eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy ?aoeeaeeao ?A i?e a?ia?e?iaoe/iiio oei? aaiiaeeiai?ee aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe ee?i?/io aoaeoeai?noue aacenii? oa?ai?? a 1,3 ?ace, a i?e a?iie?iaoe/iiio oei? aaiiaeeiai?ee - a 1,6 ?ace. Ii??aiyiiy nooiai?a aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino?, ye? aeieeaee a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy aeaei ciiao anoaiiaeoe, ui oi/ a?aenioie ae?oae c ??cieie nooiaiyie AI i?e iinooieaiiy aoa iaeiaeiaei, ?iciiae?e ?o i?ney oa?ai?? aoa ??ciei (oaae.2). Ii?iaeueia aaioeeyoe?eia caeaoi?noue eaaaiue a iniiai?e a?oi? eiinoaooaaeanue o 34% ae?oae oa AI ? - o 49% ? ia aoei AI ??? nooiaiy. A a?oi? ii??aiyiiy iaea?eueoa aoei ae?oae c AI ? (60,9%). Oa ii?yae c oeei, a oe?e a?oi? caeeoaeenue ae?oe c AI ??? (7,2%), a ii?iaeueia aaioeeyoe?eia caeaoi?noue - o 11,6%. Caaaeueiee a?aenioie iie?auaiiy ca nooiaiyie AI a iniiai?e a?oi? noaiiaea 80,8%, a a a?oi? ii??aiyiiy - 67,2%. Oaaeeoey 2 ?iciiae?e oei?a aaiiaeeiai?ee a caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eoaaiiy Oeie Iniiaia a?oia A?oia ii??aiyiiy aaiiaeeia- Aei e?eoaaiiy I?ney e?eoaaiiy Aei e?eoaaiiy I?ney e?eoaaiiy i?ee aan. a?aen. aan. a?aen. aan. a?aen aan. a?aen. A?iie?iaoe/iee 9 17,0 1 1,9 16 23,2 8 11,5 Ii?iie?iaoe/iee 20 37,7 36 68,0 35 50,7 32 46,4 A?ia?e?iaoe/iee 24 45,3 16 30,1 18 26,1 29 42,1 Ii??aithth/e oeie aaiiaeeiai?ee, ye? aeieeaee a ?acoeueoao? ??ciiai e?eoaaiiy (oaae.3) aa/eii, ui a iniiai?e a?oi? ciaiooaaeanue e?euee?noue ae?oae c a?ia?e?iaoe/iei oeiii (a?ae 45,3% aei 30,1%), oi/ i?e iinooieaii? a noaoe?iia? niinoa??aaeanue ??cieoey a ?iciiae?e? ae?oae ca oeiaie aaiiaeeiai?ee, c ia?aaaaith a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai oeio a iniiai?e a?oi? oa ii?iie?iaoe/iiai a a?oi? ii??aiyiiy. Ia a?aei?io a?ae iniiaii? a?oie a a?oi? ii??aiyiiy ca?eueooaaeanue e?euee?noue ae?oae c a?ia?e?iaoe/iei oeiii (a?ae 26,1% aei 42,1%). Oaaeeoey 3 ?iciiae?e nooiai?a aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino? a caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eoaaiiy Nooiaiue Iniiaia a?oia A?oia ii??aiyiiy aaioeeyoe?eii? Aei e?eoaaiiy I?ney e?eoaaiiy Aei e?eoaaiiy I?ney e?eoaaiiy iaaeinoaoiino? aan. a?aen. aan. a?aen. aan. a?aen aan. a?aen. ? 18 34 26 49 21 30,4 42 60,9 ?? 27 50,9 9 17 37 53,6 14 20,3 ??? 8 15,1 - - 11 16 5 7,2 Ii?ia 18 34 8 11,6 I?e i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaie i?inoaaeaia caeiiii??i?noue ci?ie oei?a aaiiaeeiai?ee a ??cieo a?oiao. Oae, a?iie?iaoe/iee oei a iniiai?e a?oi? ci?ithaaany o 88,9% ae?oae ia ii?iie?iaoe/iee, ui noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue iie?auaiiyi ee?i?/iiai noaio, a AI ? - caeeoaeanue o?eueee o 11,1% ae?oae. A a?oi? ii??aiyiiy a?iie?iaoe/iee oei o 62,5% ci?ieany ia ii?iie?iaoe/iee, aea aoea AI ?-??-??? noaiai?a o 22,9%. Aeey a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai oeio aoea oa?aeoa?ia oaea aeeiai?ea: a iniiai?e a?oi? a?aenioie ae?oae, a yeeo a?aeaoaaeanue ci?ia a a?e ii?iie?iaoe/iiai oeio neeaa 50%, a a a?oi? ii??aiyiiy - 33,3%. Aac ci?ie caeeoaeinue a a?oi? ii??aiyiiy 66,7% ae?oae oa o?eueee o 3,3% oe??? ? o 9,4% oai?eo iniiaii? a?oi AI cieeea. Oi/ a iniiai?e a?oi? c ii?iie?iaoe/iei oeiii aaiiaeeiai?ee AI cieeea o 15,1% ae?oae c a?oie AI ?-??, ci?ia oeueiai oeio ia a?ia?e?iaoe/iee niinoa??aaeanue o 20% oai?eo. A a?oi? ii??aiyiiy cieeaea AI o?eueee o 8,1% aeioe?eueiyo c a?oie AI ?, ui noi?iaiaeaeoaaeinue ci?iith ia a?ia?e?iaoe/iee oa a?iie?iaoe/iee oeie aaiiaeeiai?ee. Oaeei /eiii, iiaeia aeacaoe, ui ii?iie?iaoe/iee oei aaiiaeeiai?ee o ae?oae, ye? oai?? ia ?A, ? a?eueo ni?eyoeeaei o iie?auaii? aaioeeyoe?eii? caeaoiino? eaaaiue (?? cieeiaiiy), ? iniaeeai i?e aeeth/aii? a eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei”. O ae?oae c a?ia?e?iaoe/iei oeiii aaiiaeeiai?ee i?ae aieeaii i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy iiceoeaii c?inoaee ye ia’?ii?, oae ? iieacieee aaeeoo oa aeaeeoo. I?e a?iie?iaoe/iiio oei? ci?ie oi?eaeenue a iniiaiiio i?ioean?a aeaeeoo, cia/aiiy ae aaeeoo ci?ithaaeenue iaei ? ia i?eoiaeeee aei ii?ie (a ii??aiyi? c? caei?iaeie). I?e ii?iie?iaoe/iiio oei?, ui cono??/aany i?aeoe/ii o an?o caei?iaeo ae?oae, ci?ie oi?eaeenue a iniiaiiio oaeaee?nieo iieaciee?a ia ??ai? e?oiieo, na?aaei?o a?iio?a. Iiaiioe?iiiai cieaeaiiy ??aiy ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeaio?aeueiiai eiioo?o ?aaoeyoe?? na?oey, ui a?aeia?aaea?oueny o ciaioaii? cia/aiiy ?I, i?e a?ia?e?iaoe/iiio oei? aaiiaeeiai?ee ia cae?enithaaeinue, iniaeeai a a?oi? ii??aiyiiy. Nooi?iue iai?oaeaiiy eiiiainaoi?ieo iaoai?ci?a i?aai?cio aeeoeie caeeoaany aenieei, ui i?iyaeyeinue ae?aaeaiith neiiaoe/iith ?aaeoeai?noth. I?e ii?iie?iaoe/iiio oei? a iniiai?e a?oi? i?ney e?eoaaiiy niinoa??aaeanue aoe?iaoe/ia ?aaeoeai?noue. Ia a?aei?io, a a?oi? ii??aiyiiy caa??aaeanue neiiaoeeioii?y. Ci?ia iieaciee?a E?A i?e a?iie?iaoe/iiio oei? aaiiaeeiai?ee a iaio a?oiao aoea iii??iith. I?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a IIE a?aei?/aii /?oeo oaiaeaioe?th aei ca?eueoaiiy aeaieo iieaciee?a c? ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe caaino?aiue ?A, ? iniaeeai i?e caaino?aiiyo 4-5 oa a?eueoa ?ac?a a ??e. Ia aeeaey/enue ia oaco ee?i?/ii? ?ai?n?? caoai?thaaiiy, o aeine?aeaeaieo ae?oae ca?a?no?iaaii iaeiie/aiiy ye e?ioeaaeo, oae ? ii/aoeiaeo i?iaeoeo?a naia?aeii?aaeeeaeueiiai ieeneaiiy. A i?ae?aoeeaeeaiee ia??iae (/a?ac 8-12 i?n) ia niinoa??aaeinue ooieoe?iiaeueii? ?ai?n?? a nenoai? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy. Caeeoaeenue cieaeaieie ia’?ii? iieacieee oi?niaaiiai aeaeeoo, i?io?aei?noue a?iio?a ??ciiai ae?aiao?o oa i?aeaeuaiiy na?aaeiueiai o?aiceoi?iiai /ano. Ci?ie aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue iai?oaeaiiyi eiiiainaoi?ieo iiaeeeainoae aaaaoaoeaii? aaeaioaoe??, a noi?iio a?ia?neiiaoeeioii?? oa iayai?noth a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai oeio aaiiaeeiai?ee. I?e aeine?aeaeaii? i?ioean?a IIE aoee i?aeaeuaieie ye ii/aoeia?, oae ? e?ioeaa? i?iaeoeoe. Iaa?oioiaoth/e ana aeua aeeeaaeaia, ? iiaeeea?noue aeaanoe iciaee iani?eyoeeaiai i?iaiico i?io?eaiiy ?A ca oaeeie neeaaeiaeie: 1) caaino?aiiy 4-5 ? a?eueoa ?ac?a a ??e; 2) a?aenooi?noue aoaeoo i?ae /an e?eoaaiiy a iieacieeao e?eai? iio?e-ia‘?i: FEF75, FEF50, FEF25, PEF, MTT o an?o oeiao aaiiaeeiai?ee; 3) i?enooi?noue a?iie?iaoe/iiai oeio i?e AI ? nooiaiy; 4) iayai?noue i?e AI ??-??? nooiai? a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai oeio aaiiaeeiai?ee; 5) a?aenooi?noue iie?auaiiy iieaciee?a IIE; 6) ia?ao?ae o ae?oae c a?ia?e?iaoe/iei oeiii aaiiaeeiai?ee i?e AI ?? nooiaiy a?ia?neiiaoeeioii?? a aneiiaoeeioii?th. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui o ae?oae, a yeeo niinoa??aaeenue aeua aeeeaaeai? ci?ie, ia i?ioyc? 8-12 i?n a?aei?/aeenue iiaoi?i? caaino?aiiy a ?aii? oa?i?ie, ia ii?iae?coaaeenue iieacieee ni??ia?ao??, E?A oa IIE. Aea a a?oi? ae?oae, yeei a eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy a ia??iae? caaino?aiiy aoei aaaaeaii “Eaa?oeaoei” oe? ci?ie aoee iaio ae?aaeai?, caaino?aiiy iiaoi?thaaeenue ??aeoa ? i?io?eaee ee?i?/ii eaaoa. Aeai? niinoa?aaeaiiy aeieacaee aaaeeea?noue aeaaaeaieo iaie i?iaiinoe/ieo e?eoa???a. Eiiieaenia e?eoaaiiy c aeeth/aiiyi i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei” a ia??iae? caaino?aiiy iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia ee?i?/iee ia?aa?a caoai?thaaiiy, ia ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ea?ae?i?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie oa aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??, ia iieacieee ieneaeaioii? nenoaie i?aai?cio ye a ia??iae? caaino?aiiy, oae ? a i?ae?aoeeaeeaiee ia??iae. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy aioeieneaeaioiiai i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei” ye a aino?iio, oae ? i?ae?aoeeaeeaiiio ia??iaeao 1 ?ac a 6 i?nyoe?a. A E N I I A E E 1.?aoeeaeeaoth/ee a?iio?o a ia??iae? caaino?aiiy o ae?oae a?eii 4-7 ?ie?a noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ia o?eueee ii?ooaiiyi a nenoai? ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy, aea ? ooieoe?iiaeueieie ci?iaie na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie, aaaaoaoeaiiai aiiainoaco oa ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?iiae?a. Oe? ci?ie c?inoathoue c? ca?eueoaiiyi /anoioe caaino?aiue a ??e. 2. Ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo eiii’thoa?ii? ni??iiao??? aeiaaaeaii iayai?noue i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/iio a?iio?o? a ia??iae? caaino?aiiy ii?ooaiue aaioeeyoe?eii? caeaoiino? eaaaiue, ui i?iyaeyeenue ci?iaie oaeaee?nieo, /aniaeo oa ia’?iieo iieaciee?a e?eai? “iio?e-ia’?i”, ye? ? ?ioi?iaoeai?oeie a ii??aiyii? c iieacieeaie cae/aeii? ni??ia?ao??. 3.Ooieoe?iiaeuei? ci?ie na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/iio a?iio?o? eiinoaooaaeenue o 82% ae?oae ? i?iyaeyeenue ii?ooaiiyi ?eoio ? oace ?aiiey?ecaoe??, i?aeaeuaiiyi oeneo a iaeiio eie? e?iaiia?ao, “iaaeiiii?/i?noth” oei?a aaiiaeeiai?ee, ui i?iyaeyeinue a?ia?e?iaoe/iith ?aaeoe??th i?iea?aeo, iiyaith iaoaaie?/ieo ii?ooaiue ? aeene?iaoe/iiai neiae?iio, iai?oaith aae?aia?a?/ieo iaoai?ci?a ? a?ia?neiiaoeeioii??th a ia??iae? caaino?aiiy. 4.Aaioeeyoe?eia iaaeinoaoi?noue ? nooiaiy oa?aeoa?ecoaaeanue ia?aaaaeiith e?euee?noth ae?oae c ii?iie?iaoe/iei oeiii (40%), i?e ?? nooiai? – ia?aaaaeaa a?ia?e?iaoe/iee oei (61,9%), i?e ??? nooiai? – a?iie?iaoe/iee oei (32%). 5.A?ia?e?iaoe/iee oei oa?aeoa?ecoaaany ca?eueoaiiyi nenoie?/iiai ?iaeaeno ca ?aooiie oaeeeiiiai ia’?io e?ia?, ciaioaiiyi caaaeueiiai ia?eoa?e/iiai iii?o oa a?aie/iiai ia?eoa?e/iiai iii?o noaeei, a?ia?neiiaoe/iith ?aaeoeai?noth, cia/iei ca?eueoaiiyi ?iaeaeno aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? i?ney i?iaaaeaiiy i?oiee?iinoaoe/ii? i?iae, ui aeaco? ia aenieee nooi?iue aae?aia?a?/ieo iaoai?ci?a o oai?eo, a oaeiae cia/iei i?aeaeuaiiyi ??aiy IIE, iniaeeai IAeA. 6.Aeey a?iie?iaoe/iiai oeio oa?aeoa?ia cieaeaiiy nenoie?/iiai ?iaeaeno oa ca?eueoaiiy caaaeueiiai ia?eoa?e/iiai iii?o, cia/iee aeenaaeain i?ae oeaio?aeueiei oa ia?eoa??eiei eaioethaaie aia?aoo e?iaiia?ao, aneiiaoe/ia ?aaeoeai?noue. 7.Eiiieaenia oa?ai?y ?aoeeaeeaoth/iai a?iio?oo o ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo c aeeth/aiiyi i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei” i?aeaeuo? aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaai-iy i?e a?iie?iaoe/iiio oei? aaiiaeeiai?ee a 1,6 ?ace, i?e a?ia?e?iaoe/iiio -a 1,3 ?ace, iie?auo? ooieoe?iiaeuei? iieacieee ea?ae?i?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie oa ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a. 8. A ia??iae? ?ai?n?? ?aoeeaeeaoth/iai a?iio?oo ia ianooia? iiaii? ?an-oeoooe?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio aeeoaeueii? ? ea?ae?aeueii? nenoai, aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? oa i?ioean?a IIE, iniaeeai a a?oi? ae?oae aac aeeth/aiiy a eiiieaenio oa?ai?th i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei”. O 56,3% ae?oae caa??aa?oueny a?ia?e?iaoe/iee oei aaiiaeeiai?ee oa iai?oaeaiiy eiiiainaoi?ieo iiaeee-ainoae aaaaoaoeaii? aaeaioaoe?? (a?ia?neiiaoeeioii?y). Oea aeaco? ia a?aenoo-i?noue ia?aeae?cio a aoaeoeaiino? i?ae ee?i?/iei ia?aa?aii caoai?thaaiiy oa a?aeiiaeaiiyi ooieoe?? ea?ae?i?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie, ui iaa?oioiao? ?a-eiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ei?aeoe?? aoaiiiai e?eoaaiiy, c? canoinoaaiiyi i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei”. I ? A E O E * I ? ? A E I I A I Ae A Oe ? ? 1. I?iiiio?oueny ai?iaaaeeoe a ?iaioo aeeoy/eo e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caeeaae?a eiiieaeniee iaoiae ae?aaiinoeee ii?ooaiue ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy o ae?oae, oai?eo ia ?aoeeaeeaoth/ee a?iio?o aeei?enoaiiy ni??ia?ao?a, ye? aeicaieythoue aea/eoe a?iio?aeueio i?io?aei?noue ia iniia? e?eai? “iio?e-ia’?i” c /ioe?e??/iiai a?eo. 2. Caaeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? nei?aaiaaii? oa?ai?? ye a ia??iae? caaino?aiiy, oae ? a i?ae?aoeeaeeaiee ia??iae i?e aeeniaina?iiio iaaeyae? ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny eiiieaenia aea/aiiy iieaciee?a ciai?oiueiai aeeoaiiy, na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie oa aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe??. 3. ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aeeth/aiiy i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei” a aacenio oa?ai?th ?aoeeaeeaoth/iai a?iio?oo i?ae /an caaino?aiiy ? a ia??iae? ee?i?/ii? ?ai?n??. Iieacaii aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo a a?aioeao ana?aaeeio o aeioe?eueiiio a?oe? ii 1 /aei?e eiaeoe? 3 ?ace a aeaiue oi?iaeiaae 4 oeaei?a c ia?oeo aei?a ia-??iaeo caaino?aiiy oa 2 ?ace ia ??e a o?e aea aeic? oa o?eaaeino? - a ia??iae? ?ai?n??. I?ioeiieac?a aei canoinoaaiiy i?aia?aoo “Eaa?oeaoei” oa iia?/ii? ae?? ia aeyaeaii. Nienie iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, iioae?eiaaieo ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??. 1. No/ani? i?aeoiaee aei e?eoaaiiy ?aoeeaeeaoth/eo a?iio?o?a o ae?oae //Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee.-1996.-O.3, /.1.-N.16-17 (ni?aaaoi?. ?.I.Aieinyiei). 2. Oeioiao?e/i? ci?ie i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/iio a?iio?o? o ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo //Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y.-1997.-?4.-N.46-48 (ni?aaaoi?. ?.I.Aieinyiei). 3. Aaiiaeeiai?/i? ci?ie o ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo, oai?eo ia ?aoeeaeeaoth/ee a?iio?o // Iaae?ao??y, aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y.-1997.-?6.-N.27-29 (ni?aaaoi?. N.I.Aaaei). 4. Aaioeeyoe?eia caeaoi?noue eaaaiue a i?ae?aoeeaeeaiee ia??iae a?iio?oo //Aaeeoeueeee e?ea?nueeee a?niee.-1997.-O.4, /.4.-N.51-52. 5. No/aniee noai i?iaeaie ?aoeeaeeaoth/iai a?iio?oo o ae?oae //I?ae-oe/ia iaaeeoeeia.-1998.-?5-6.-N.21-23. 6. Ee?i?ei-?ioiieia?/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea iniaeeainoae ia?aa?ao ?aoeeaeeaoth/iai a?iio?oo o ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo //Iaoa??aee 29-i? iaeanii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo-iaaeee?a ?OAeIA.-i.?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997.- N.52-53. 7. Noai ia?aeeniiai ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/iio a?iio?o? o aeioe?eueiyo //Iaoa??aee 29-i? iaeanii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo-iaaeee?a ?OAeIA - i. ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1997.- N.53-54. 8. Influence of preparation “Kversetin” into run of recidivating bronchitis in underschools in acuty period // The International Medical Conference for students and young doctors: Abstract. - Poland, Lublin, 1998.-p. 155. Aiioaoe?y Naeuenueea I.A. Iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ea?ae?i?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie o ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo, oai?eo ia ?aoeeaeeaoth/ee a?iio?o.-?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.10 - iaae?ao??y. - ?inoeooo iaae?ao???, aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998. Iaei??th c aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai no/anii? ioeueiiiieia?? ? i?io?eaeoeea oa e?eoaaiiy ?aoeeaeeaoth/iai a?iio?oo. C iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy eiiieaenii? ae?aaiinoeee ii?ooaiue i?e ?aoeeaeeaoth/iio a?iio?o? i?iaiaeeeinue aea/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio ea?ae?i?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie oa aaaaoaoeaii? ?aaoeyoe?? ca aeiiiiiaith ee?i?ei-ia?aee?i?/ieo oa ia?iaaceaieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aoei ianoaaeaii 122 aeeoeie, aeyaeaii caeiiii??iino? i?ae iieacieeaie ??cieo nooiai?a aaioeeyoe?eii? iaaeinoaoiino?, oeiaie aaiiaeeiai?ee oa aaaaoaoeaieie ci?iaie. Iaa?oioiaaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?oae aeioe?eueiiai a?eo, oai?eo ia ?aoeeaeeaoth/ee a?iio?o, ye a aino?ee, oae ? a i?ae?aoeeaeeaiee ia??iaee c aeeth/aiiyi a eiiieaenio oa?ai?th i?aia?aoo ‘‘Eaa?oeaoei‘‘. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeioe?eueiyoa, ?aoeeaeeaoth/ee a?iio?o, eaaaiaaa nenoaia, na?oeaai-noaeeiia nenoaia, aeine?aeaeaiiy, e?eoaaiiy. Aiiioaoeey Naeueneay I.A. Iniaaiiinoe ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey ea?aeei-?anie?aoi?iie nenoaiu o aeaoae aeioeieueiiai aic?anoa, aieueiuo ?aoeeaeeae?othuei a?iioeoii.-?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.10 - iaaeeao?ey.- Einoeooo iaaeeao?ee, aeooa?noaa e aeiaeieiaee AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998. Iaeia ec aaaeiuo i?iaeai nia?aiaiiie ioeueiiiieiaee - i?ioeeaeoeea e ea/aiea ?aoeeaeeae?othuaai a?iioeoa. N oeaeueth oniaa?oainoaiaaiey eiiieaeniie aeeaaiinoeee ia?ooaiee i?e ?aoeeaeeae?othuai a?iioeoa i?iecaiaeeeinue eco/aiea ooieoeeiiaeueiiai ninoiyiey ea?aeei?anie?aoi?iie nenoaiu e aaaaoaoeaiie ?aaoeyoeee n iiiiuueth eeeieei-ia?aeeeie/aneeo e iaeiaaceaiuo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey. Auei ianeaaeiaaii 122 aeaoae, auyaeaii caeiiiia?iinoe iaaeaeo iieacaoaeyie ?aciuo noaiaiae aaioeeyoeeiiiie iaaeinoaoi/iinoe, oeiaie aaiiaeeiaieee e aaaaoaoeaiuie eciaiaieyie. Iainiiaaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ?aaaeeeoaoeee aeaoae aeioeieueiiai aic?anoa, aieueiuo ?aoeeaeeae?othuei a?iioeoii eae a ino?ue, oae e a iaae?aoeeaeeaiue ia?eiaeu n aeeth/aieai a eiiieaenioth oa?aieth i?aia?aoa ‘‘Eaa?oeaoei‘‘. Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeioeieueieee, ?aoeeaeeae?othuee a?iioeo, eaai/iay nenoaia, na?aea/ii-ninoaeenoay nenoaia, enneaaeiaaiea, ea/aiea. Annotation Selska O.V. The peculiarityes of functional status of the cardiorespi-ratory system in the underschools with a relapsing bronchitis.- The manuscript. Dissertation for the degree of a candidate degree of medical sciense according to the speciality 14.01.10-Pediatries.-Institute of Pediatrics, Obstetrics and Gynecology, AMS of Ukraine, Kiev, 1998. One of the mayor problems of the modern pulmonology is prevention and treatment of relapsing bronchitis. For purpise of improvement clinical testing of the studies of cardiorespiratory system and vegetative regulation were done, using clinical-paraclinical and noninvasive methods. 122 children were evoluated. It was esteblished interconnections beatween defferent stages of respiratory failure, types of hemodynamics and vegetative changes. The recomendations for rehabilitations of the underschools with relapsing bronchitis during both acute and interrelapsing periods were well-grounded. The drug “Kversetin” was included into complex therapy of the disease. Key words: underschools, relapsing bronchitis, respiratory system, cardio-vascular system, studies therapy. Ia?ae?e oiiaieo nei?i/aiue AI - aaioeeyoe?eia iaaeinoaoi?noue; AIIN - a?aie/iee ia?eoa?e/iee ii?? noaeei, eIa*n/e; CII - caaaeueiee ia?eoa?e/iee ii??,aeei.ni./nae-5; ?I - ?iaeaen iai?oae, o.i.; ?II - ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee iaoieia??; E?A - ea?ae?i?ioa?aaeia?ao?y; IAeA - iaeiiiaee aeeaeueaeaa?ae, ii/ie; IIE - ia?aeenia ieeneaiiy e?i?ae?a; ?A - ?aoeeaeeaoth/ee a?iio?o; N? - nenoie?/iee ?iaeaen, e/oa*i2; OIE - oaeeeiiee ia’?i e?ia?, e; FEF 75 - oaeaee?noue i?ioiaeaeaiiy iia?o?y ia ??ai? e?oiieo a?iio?a,e/nae; FEF 50 - oaeaee?noue i?ioiaeaeaiiy iia?o?y ia ??ai? na?aaei?o a?iio?a,e/nae; FEF 25 - oaeaee?noue i?ioiaeaeaiiy iia?o?y ia ??ai? ae??aieo a?iio?a, e/nae; IOO - na?aaei?e o?aiceoi?iee /an, nae.

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