Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

Ae?eiaa-Oaai?nueea Ieaia Ieoaee?aia

OAeE 316.346.3

INIAEEAINO? OI?IOAAIIss INIAENOINO? IAEAOOIUeIAI NIAOe?AE?NOA A OIIAAO
?INOEOOOe?IIAE?CAOe??

I?EAAOII? INA?OE

22.00.06 — nioe?ieia?y eoeueoo?e, iaoee oa ina?oe

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aoiai?oa?iiio ?inoeooo? “Ia?iaeia
oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y”, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

NIEO?ssINUeEA Ethaeieea Aai?a??aia,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e nioe?ieia??

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

IIAeIEUeNUeEA ?e?caaaoa Aiai??aia,

Oe?a?inueea oa?iaoeaaoe/ia aeaaeai?y (i. Oa?e?a),

i?i?aeoi?, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
noni?eueieo iaoe

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

AEANAIEI Oaia?a O?ioei?aia,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. A. Neiai?iaee

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iie?oieia?? oa
nioe?ieia??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y

Oe?a?ie ?i. ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai,

eaoaae?a nioe?ieia?? oa iie?oieia??

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “12” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 16 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.051.15 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310002, i. Oa?e?a,

aoe. Ie?iiineoeueea, 1, aoae. 2-25.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith : i.
Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “9” aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee
?.?.Oa?aiao

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/aniee noai nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? a
Oe?a?i? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny aeeaieith e?ecith ia ??ai? noni?euenoaa a
oe?eiio, ie?aieo eiai ?inoeooo?a, iniaenoino?. O oeeo oiiaao /e ia
iaeaeooaeuei?oith noa? i?iaeaia caa?aaeaiiy ii?aeueiiai oa
?ioaeaeooaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo iaoe??. ?? ae??oaiiy iio?aao? na?eicieo
ci?i a ae?yeueiino? a?o/eciyii? nenoaie ina?oe — iaeiiai c iniiaieo
nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a, yeee “a?aeiia?aea?” ca ?ioaeaeooaeueiee ?
ii?aeueiee ?icaeoie nioe?oio, ca oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?.

Iiooee oeyo?a aoaeoeaiiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oiuei? nenoaie, ??
aaeaioaoe?? aei ?eieiaeo oiia i?ecaaee aei iiyae a Oe?a?i? i?eaaoieo
aoc?a ? ieaoieo ina?oi?o iineoa o aea?aeaaieo aeueo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao. Iiyaa a iao?e e?a?i? i?eaaoii? ina?oe na?ae/eoue ia eeoa i?i
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?, aea e i?i na?eici? nioe?ieoeueoo?i?,
ineoieia?/i? oa nioe?ino?oeoo?i? ci?ie a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa?.
Oaiie oa iai?yiie oeeo ci?i aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeaoue a?ae iniaeno?nii?
neeaaeiai? noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo, ianaiia?aae a?ae oiai, iane?eueee
aeoeaii eiaeia ethaeeia aoaea iaaoaaoe ?en nioe?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?.

Nioe?aeueia o?ainoi?iaoe?y ?iaeoue ana aeooaeuei?oith iio?aao oi?ioaaiiy
iiaeo noa’?eo?a noni?eueiiai ?icaeoeo, a oiio /ene? niaoe?ae?no?a c
aeuith ina?oith, yeino? yeeo a?ae??ciyeenue ae a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee
oao?aoe?a /an?a eiiaiaeii? aeiiii?ee. Aieiaio ?ieue a oeueiio i?ioean?
iiaeiia a?ae?a?aaaoe no/ania aeua oeiea, a oiio /ene? i?eaaoia. Naia c
oeei iia’ycai? ci?ie o i??i?eoaoao ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeui? ina?oe ye
nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo, cie?aia, ethaeeiioeaio?enonueea ni?yiiaai?noue
?? ae?yeueiino?.

Oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?, ?? naii?aae?caoe?y, ?icaeoie oai?/iai
iioaioe?aeo aenooiathoue iaeaaaeeea?oei caaaeaiiyi no/aniiai aoco.
Aacia?a/ii, ui oeae i?ioean a oiiaao i?eaaoii? aeui? ina?oe ia? naith
niaoeeo?eo, yea, ia iaoo aeoieo, ia?o ca ana iaoiiaeaia ??
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe??th. Inoaiith ie ?icaeyaea?ii ye iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy
iniaenoino? a oiiaao i?eaaoieo aoc?a.

Iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiaiai, a oiio /ene? nioe?ieia?/iiai aiae?co oeueiai
i?ioeano, aeaoa?i?io?oueny aeooaeueiith iio?aaith o ae??oaii? i?ioe??//y
i?ae oeiii aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei, ui ii/eia? oi?ioaaoeny, oa oeiii
iniaenoino?, yeee a?aeaeaa? i??i?eoaoi?noue ?ioa?an?a oioae?oa?iiai
noni?euenoaa oa aea?aeaaiiai iaoa?iae?cio. Oea i?ioe??//y ia iiaea aooe
onoiaii iica eiioaenoii aeui? ina?oe, cie?aia i?eaaoii?.

Oaeei /eiii, aeooaeuei?noue oaie iaoiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeaia ye iaiao?aei?noth iaoeiaiai aiae?co
oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyii? i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee, cie?aia, ??
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe??, oae ? iaaaeueiith noni?eueiith iio?aaith o
aeoiaaii? oao?aoey, i???ioiaaiiai ia ?eieia? ci?ie, a oiio /ene? a
oiiaao i?eaaoiiai aoco.

Caa?ioaoenue aei aea/aiiy ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee ye
aaaeeeaiai oaeoi?o oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai niaoe?ae?noa, ie
nie?aeeny ia o?eaeee ooiaeaiaio nioe?ieia?/ii? o?aaeeoe?? a
aeine?aeaeaii? ina?oe ye nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo.

Iiaee noni?eueii-iie?oe/iee oii, nioe?ieoeueoo?ia o?ainoi?iaoe?y
oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa aeaui ci?ieee aeoeaioe a iaoeiaiio aiae?c?
i?iaeai aeui? oeiee. Cie?aia, aeaaeae? aeoeai?oa noathoue ia’?eoaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeane ?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oe, ae?yeuei?noue aoc?a c
i?aeaioiaee niaoe?ae?no?a, caeaoieo aaeaiooaaoeny aei ?eieiaeo oiia. A
inoaii?e /an a/ai?, a oiio /ene? nioe?ieiae, noaaeyoue ieoaiiy i?i
iaiao?aei?noue anaa?/iiai aiae?co ?aae?caoe?? nioe?ae?coth/i? ooieoe??
no/anii? aeui? oeiee, ?ic?iaeo iiai? eiioeaioe?? aeoiaii? ?iaioe o aoc?.
Oea coiiaeaii oei, ui /anii o aoc?anueeeo eieao aeneiaeththoueny aeoiee
i?i oa, ui aeaiie?oecaoe?y oa aea?aeaieia?caoe?y aoc?anueeiai aeeooy
ci?iathoue ieoaiiy i?i oe?eani?yiiaaio aeoiaio ?iaioo o aeu?e oeie?.
*eiaei aeine?aeiee?a ? aoc?anueeeo i?aoe?aiee?a aiai?youe i?i aaeooi, ui
ooai?eany o aeoiaaii?, ine?eueee cieeee aieiai? a ieioeiio noa’?eoe
aeoiaaiiy — ia?oi?aai?caoe?y, eiiniiie oiui.

Ia iao iiaeyae, aeiaeia c iaaaaeaieo aeua noaeaeaiue ia iiaea
i?aoaiaeoaaoe ia ?noeio. Aea?aeaieia?caoe?y ia iiaea “neanoaaoe” aeoiaio
?iaioo o aoc?, aaeaea iaa/aeueiee i?ioean aoco, ca aecia/aiiyi, ia?
iiaea?eio iaa/aeueii-aeoiaio i?e?iaeo.

Iaeiei c aieiaieo noa’?eo?a oeueiai i?ioeano, aac noii?ao, ? aeeeaaea/.
A oea icia/a?, ui aiai?eoe nueiaiaei? i?i aeoiaiee aaeooi o aeu?e oeie?
oaeiae ia iiaeia. ?ioa ni?aaa, ui aeoiaio ?iaioo o aoc? ia iiaeia
iaiaaeoaaoe eeoa, oae ae iiaeoe, “aeeeaaeaoeueeei aianeii”, iniaeeai ca
no/anieo oiia.

Ci?ie nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee nooaeaionoaa, eiai
aeiiii?/iiai noaoono, oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e oiui, ia iaoo aeoieo, ye
i?eiee aeooae?cothoue iaiao?aei?noue aaeineiiaeaiiy aeoiaii? ?iaioe o
aoc?, a oiio /ene? o i?eaaoiiio. Aaeaea aieiaiith ooieoe??th no/anii?
aeui? ina?oe ? ?? ni?yiiaai?noue ia oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai
niaoe?ae?noa — aenieieaae?o?eiaaiiai oao?aoey, ni?aaaeiueiai ?ioae?aaioa
oa a?iiaaeyieia.

Naia oiio i?aaeiaoii oeueiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia?
aeoiaiee iioaioe?ae i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee. Aeine?aeaeoth/e iiiyooy
“aeoiaiee iioaioe?ae” ? a?aeiia?aei? eiio oaiiiaie, ie aeoeaioo?ii
oaaao ia eeoa ia ?aaeueiiio noai? aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a i?eaaoiiio aoc?,
aea e ia ia?niaeoeaao, ?ano?nieo iiaeeeainoyo eiai ?icaeoeo, a oiio
/ene? ? ia?o ca ana aeaoa?i?iiaaieo niaoeeo?/ieie oiiaaie
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? ina?oe. A eiioaeno? ia?aii? iaie oaie
aeine?aeaeaiiy ie ?icaeyaea?ii oae? iniaeeaino? aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o
i?eaaoi?e aeu?e oeie?, ye ni?eueia caoe?eaaeai?noue, ia?oia?nuee?
a?aeiineie i?ae iniiaieie noa’?eoaie aoc?anueeiai aeeooy (nooaeaionoaii,
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeei neeaaeii oa aaei?i?no?aoe??th) a i?ioean?
noaiiaeaiiy iiai? oi?ie ina?oe; ni?eueiee iiooe ieie iioeiaeueieo
cania?a ? iaoiae?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe, ni?yiiaaieo ia oi?ioaaiiy
oao?aoey, i???ioiaaiiai ia ?eieia? ci?ie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aaciina?aaeiuei iia’ycaia c aeine?aeaeaiiyi
“Oi?ioaaiiy ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo niaoe?ae?noa”, ui
cae?enith?oueny eaoaae?ith nioe?ieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai aoiai?oa?iiai
?inoeoooo “Ia?iaeia oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y”, ia aac? yei? i?ioiaeea
iaa/aiiy a ani??aioo?? caeiaoaa/.

I??a iaoeiaiai ii?aoethaaiiy i?iaeaie. Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e nooi?iue ?ic?iaee
ia?aii? oaie, iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe, ui aei i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy
iniaenoino? ca oiia i?eaaoii? ina?oe, a oiio /ene? ? ia?o ca ana aeui?,
nueiaiaei? caa?oa?oueny /eiaei iaoeiaoe?a. I?i oea na?ae/aoue /eneaii?
ioae?eaoe??, a yeeo aiae?cothoueny ??ci? aniaeoe aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?
i?eaaoii? ina?oe a Oe?a?i? oa ?ioeo eieeoi?o ?anioae?eao N?N?.

I?ioa i?iaaaeaiee iaie aiae?c ioae?eaoe?e c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo i?eaaoii?
ina?oe aeia?a, ui aeeaiea ? anaa?/ia iaoeiaa aea/aiiy oe??? nenoaie, a
oiio /ene? ?? cia/aiiy o oi?ioaaii? iniaenoino?, ii noo? o?eueee
ii/eia?oueny, ui ianaiia?aae iiynith?oueny ei?ioei/ani?noth ?nioaaiiy
oeueiai nioe?aeueiiai ooai?aiiy.

Na?aae /eneaiieo i?iaeai i?eaaoii? ina?oe, ye? aeiaaathoue iaoeiaiai
aiae?co, iaei??th c iaeaaaii?oeo, ia iaoo aeoieo, ? i?iaeaia ??
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? a eiioaeno? noaiiaeaiiy niaoe?ae?noa,
i???ioiaaiiai ia ?eieia? a?aeiineie.

Oi?ioth/enue o iaaeao ?aeeiiai ina?oiueiai i?inoi?o e?a?ie,
?icaeaath/enue o o?ni?e aca?iiae?? c aea?aeaaiith (athaeaeaoiith)
nenoaiith ina?oe, i?eaaoi? aoce, ye oyaey?oueny, ia?aaeeaathoue i?ioean
?inoeoooe?iiaeueiiai noaiiaeaiiy.

Iiyao oa ?icaeoie i?eaaoieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a aeioe?euei?oa, ia iaoo
aeoieo, ?icaeyaeaoe ia ye i?ioean o?ainoi?iaoe?? nenoaie ina?oe ye
iaeiiai c iaeaeaai?oeo nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a (oae aaaaeathoue aeaye?
aeine?aeieee), a ye noaiiaeaiiy ana?aaeei? iueiai iiaeo
?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo oi?i.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe — aecia/aiiy
?ie? oa niaoeeo?ee oi?ioaaiiy iaeaooiueiai oao?aoey-i?ioan?iiaea oa
a?iiaaeyieia a oiiaao a?o/eciyii? i?eaaoii? aeui? ina?oe.

Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiiaeea eiai iniiai? caaea/?:

1. ?ic?iaeoe iiaeaeue oao?aoey, yea a a?aeiia?aeaea no/aniei
noni?eueiei aeiiaai.

2. Aecia/eoe aieiai? caaaeaiiy no/anii? aeui? oeiee uiaei oi?ioaaiiy
oao?aoey iiaiai oeio.

3. ?icaeyiooe iniiai? iciaee ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? a?o/eciyii?
i?eaaoii? ina?oe, aeaoe ?icai?iooo oa?aeoa?enoeeo aieiaieo oaiiiai?a
oeueiai i?ioeano.

4. Aecia/eoe i?noea ? ?ieue i?eaaoii? aeui? ina?oe a ina?oiueiio
i?inoi?? Oe?a?ie, i?iaiae?coaaoe ia’?eoeai? oa?aeoa?enoeee noaio
a?o/eciyii? i?eaaoii? aeui? ina?oe.

5. I?iaiae?coaaoe niaoeeo?/i? oiiae oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? iaeaooi?o
niaoe?ae?no?a a i?eaaoieo aocao, aecia/eoe iniiai? eaiee iaoai?cio
noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino? a oiiaao ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? ina?oe.

6. Ioa?aeoa?ecoaaoe iniiai? oaiiiaie oa ?ano?ni? iiaeeeaino? aeoiaiiai
iioaioe?aeo i?eaaoii? aeui? ina?oe.

7. Aea/eoe nioe?ieoeueoo?i? oa?aeoa?enoeee nooaeaio?a i?eaaoieo aoc?a:
iioeaaoe?th io?eiaiiy aeui? ina?oe, oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? a noa??
iaa/aiiy oa iaeaooiuei? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino? oiui.

8. I?iaiae?coaaoe ae?yeuei?noue aeeeaaea/?a i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee ye
noa’?eo?a ?? ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe??.

9. Cae?enieoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iniaeno?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee,
iaa/aeueii? aeoeaiino?, oe?ii?nieo, a oiio /ene?
nioe?aeueii-i?ioan?eieo, i???ioaoe?e nooaeaio?a aea?aeaaieo oa i?eaaoieo
aoc?a.

10. Aecia/eoe eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee, iniiai? caaaeaiiy oa iai?yiee
aeoiaii? ?iaioe o i?eaaoiiio aoc?.

Ia’?eoii iaoiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aenooia? i?ioean
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? aeui? ina?oe a Oe?a?i? ye iaoai?ci
oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai niaoe?ae?noa.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy — aeoiaiee iioaioe?ae i?eaaoieo aoc?a, eiai
neeaaeia? oa ?ano?ni? iiaeeeaino?.

Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oa aii??e/ia aaca aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
iaoeia? i?aoe? oaeeo eeanee?a nioe?ieia?/ii? aeoiee oa no/anieo
iaoeiaoe?a, ye I.Aaaa?, A.Aeth?eaaei, O.Ia?niin, I.I?ae, E.Iaiiaaei,
I.Aaoo?i, I.Aoaa?, I. Aa?aa?, O.Eoeiai oa ?io?, c ieoaiue ?icaeoeo
?inoeoooe?iiaeueieo oi?i nioe?aeueii? aca?iiae??, nioe?ae?caoe??
iniaenoino?, aeoiaiiai aieeao nenoaie ina?oe oiui. ?inoeoooe?iiaeueiee
aniaeo aiae?co aeiiiaiaiee caa?iaiiyi aei oaeeo niaoe?aeueieo
nioe?ieia?/ieo oai??e, ye nioe?ieia?y aeoiaaiiy, nioe?ieia?y iieiae? oa
nioe?ieia?y ina?oe. Aeey oai?aoe/iiai ona?aeiieaiiy ia?aii? iaie oaie
aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy iaee ?ic?iaee a?o/eciyieo nioe?ieia?a c i?iaeai aeui?
oeiee, nooaeaionoaa, aeoiaii? ?iaioe a aocao, oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?, ??
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e oiui. Na?aae ieo i?aoe? oaeeo iaoeiaoe?a, ye
A.?. Anoaoiaa, A.N. Aae??ia, O.O. Aeanaiei, A.?. Aieiae/, E.I. Aa?an?ia,
?.?. Aieiaaoa, A.I. Eiciaee, A.E. Innianueeee, I.I. Iia?aea,
?.A.Iiaeieuenueea, ?.I. Iiiiaa, A.I. ?o/ea, A.I. Niaie?a,
E.A. Nieo?yinueea, A.?. Oa?anaiei, A.?. Oiaeueei, TH.I. *a?iaoeueeee,
A.I. *i?iiaieaiei, ?.?. Oa?aiao, I.I. sseoaa oa ?i.

Aii??e/io aaco ?iaioe neeaaeathoue ?acoeueoaoe nioe?ieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeai aeui? ina?oe oa aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? nooaeaionoaa,
i?iaaaeaieo nioe?ieiaaie Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo,
Oa?e?anueeiai aoiai?oa?iiai ?inoeoooo “Ia?iaeia oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y”,
?ioeo nioe?ieia?/ieo oeaio??a Oe?a?ie. Ia?o ca ana ie nie?aeenue ia
aeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaiiai ca o/anoth aaoi?a a 1995-1998 ??. o
athaeaeaoieo ? i?eaaoieo aocao Oa?eiaa oa AEeoiie?a (ea??aiee
aeine?aeaeaiiy — aeioeaio Nieo?yinueea E.A.). Aei aea??ee iacaaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa?eoee aoce aea?aeaaii? (Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee
oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?anueeee
aa?ieini?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie
?i. ss.Ioae?iai) oa iaaea?aeaaii? oi?ie aeaniino? (Oa?e?anueeee
aoiai?oa?iee ?inoeooo “Ia?iaeia oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y”, Oa?e?anueeee
?inoeooo nioe?aeueiiai i?ia?ano, Oa?e?anueeee ?inoeooo ?ioi?iaoeee oa
oi?aae?iiy, Oa?e?anueeee nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo,
AEeoiie?nueeee ?inoeooo i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa no/anieo oaoiieia?e). Ca
?ai?acaioaoeaiith aea??eith i?ae /an aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei iieoaii a?eueoa
1600 nooaeaio?a oeeo aoc?a. C ieo 73,4% neeaee nooaeaioe aea?aeaaieo,
26,6% — i?eaaoieo aoc?a. E??i oiai, aoei i?iaaaeaii ?ioa?a’th c
aenia?oaie — ?aeoi?aie i?eaaoieo aoc?a Oa?eiaa ? AEeoiie?a, cie?aia oeo,
ui oa?eoee aei aea??ee aeine?aeaeaiiy. O an?o iacaaieo aeua i?eaaoieo
aocao i?i?ioa?a’theiaai? aeeeaaea/?, ye? i?aoeththoue oai ye ia ooaoi?e
iniia?, oae ? ca noi?nieoeoaii.

E??i iieooaaeueiiai iaoiaeo (aieaooaaiiy, ?ioa?a’th), iaie aoei
aeei?enoaii iaoiae oieon-a?oie, caaaeyee /iio aoei ooi/iaii aeaye?
aniaeoe i?iaeaie, ui iaie aeine?aeaeo?oueny. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ie oaeiae i?iaiae?coaaee ?ioi?iaoe?th, io?eiaio nioe?ieiaaie
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aeiiiiiaith a?ia?ao?/iiai
iaoiaeo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe
iieyaa?, ia iao iiaeyae, a oiio, ui aeaia aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy
yaey? niaith iaeio c ia?oeo ni?ia iaoeiaiai aiae?co i?ioeano noaiiaeaiiy
i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee ye nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo. A ?iaio?
aeiaiaeeoueny, ui ?icaeoie i?eaaoii? ina?oe ? naia i?ioeanii
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? iiaeo ina?oi?o oi?i, ui oeae i?ioean aecia/a?oueny
iio?aaith noni?euenoaa a iiaeo oi?iao nioe?aeueii? ae?yeueiino? c
?icaeoeo ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai iioaioe?aeo iaoe??, o?aineyoe?? eoeueoo?ieo
oe?iiinoae, i?aeaioiaee aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo niaoe?ae?no?a.

Aaoi?ii i?iaiae?ciaai? iniiai? oaeoi?e ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii?
aeui? ina?oe, cie?aia oae?, ye iayai?noue a Oe?a?i? aeinoaoiuei
?icaeiooi? nenoaie aeui? i?eaaoii? ina?oe; aecia/aiiy aea?aeaaith
i?aaiaiai noaoono i?eaaoii? ina?oe; iiyaa e aeoeaia ooieoe?iioaaiiy a
nenoai? aeui? i?eaaoii? ina?oe i?aeaoc?anueeeo i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo?;
?icaeoie iiaeo ii?i, noaiaea?o?a iiaaae?iee, noaiiaeaiiy
oe?ii?niii???ioaoe?eii? ?aeiino? iniiaieo noa’?eo?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano a i?eaaoi?e aeu?e oeie?.

Aia?oa aeiaaaeaii, ui ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?y i?eaaoii? aeui? ina?oe ?
iaoai?ciii oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai niaoe?ae?noa. Aieiaieie
eaieaie oeueiai iaoai?cio, ca aecia/aiiyi aaoi?a, aenooiathoue:
oe?ii?ni? i???ioaoe?? iniaenoino? a noa?? ina?oe oa iaeaooiuei?
i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ye? coiiaeai? ?? iniaenoeie iio?aaaie oa
iiaeeeainoyie, ®aeeth/aiiy ?iaeea?aea a aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue i?eaaoiiai
aoco, ® eiai ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoeai? eiioaeoe c aeeeaaea/aie oa
aaei?i?no?aoe??th, ui aacothoueny ia aca?iiiiaac?, aeia?ice/eeaino?,
aca?ii?icoi?ii?, ni?ai?aoe?, ® ia?oia?nuee? noinoiee nooaeaio?a ?
aeeeaaea/?a a iiooeao iioeiaeueieo cania?a iaa/aeueii?, iaoeiai? ?
a?iiaaenueei? ?iaioe a oiiaao iiaeo ina?oi?o oi?i, ® oi?ioaaiiy ia
canaaeao oaei? ni?ai?aoe?, ni?aoai?/ino? ciaiue, oi?iue, iaae/ie,
yeinoae, iaiao?aeieo niaoe?ae?noo iiaiai oeio, ® ?ioa?iae?caoe?y iiaeo
oe?iiinoae, a oiio /ene? aeooiaieo, ? oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, ui
?icaeaathoue, caaaa/othoue aai ia?aaoaeiaothoue ni?yiiaai?noue
iniaenoino?.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeaia aaoi?nueea aeao?i?oe?y iiiyooy aeoiaiiai
iioaioe?aeo ye noeoiiino? iayaieo oa ia?niaeoeaieo oi?i ? cania?a
oe?eani?yiiaaii? ae?yeueiino? iaaiiai nioe?aeueiiai noa’?eoa c
oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?; aecia/ai? eiai aieiai? oaiiiaie oa ?ano?ni?
iiaeeeaino? a oiiaao i?eaaoieo aoc?a, cie?aia i?iaiae?ciaai?
noa’?eo-noa’?eoi? a?aeiineie, ia?oia?noai, ni?aoai?/?noue aeeeaaea/?a ?
nooaeaio?a oeeo aoc?a ye iaeaaaeeea?oee oaeoi? oi?ioaaiiy ae?aeia?/ii?
iniaenoino?.

Aecia/ai? iniiai? noa’?eoeai? (aioo??oiueiiniaeno?ni?) oa?aeoa?enoeee
nooaeaio?a ? aeeeaaea/?a i?eaaoieo aoc?a, cao?eniaaia oaiaeaioe?y
?icaeoeo oe?ii?niii???ioaoe?eii? ?aeiino? aieiaieo noa`?eo?a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano i?eaaoieo aoc?a, ui na?ae/eoue i?i
?inoeoooe?iiaeueia noaiiaeaiiy iiai? ina?oiuei? oi?ie.

I?iaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c nioe?aeueii-i?ioan?eieo i???ioaoe?e
nooaeaio?a aea?aeaaieo oa i?eaaoieo aoc?a, aeiaaaeaii, ui inoaii?
a?ae??ciythoueny a?eueoith noae?noth i?ioan?eiiai aeai?o oa
aaeaioiaai?noth aei ?eieiaeo oiia.

O ?iaio? ae?noaei iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo iiiyooy iie?eoeueoo?iiai
aeoiaaiiy, i?ae yeei aaoi? ?icoi?? nenoaio aeoiaieo oi?i, iaoiae?a oa
cania?a, ye? a?aoiaothoue ii?ie, o?aaeeoe??, cae/a? oa oe?iiino? ??cieo
aoi?/ieo a?oi, ui ooai?ththoue aaaaoiaoi?/iee i?ino?? oe?a?inueeiai
nioe?oio.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui eiioeaioe?y iie?eoeueoo?iiai aeoiaaiiy
ni?yiiaaia ia aa?iii?eio eoeueoo?io aca?iiae?th o i?aeaoi?/ieo
noinoieao, ia neioac o?aaeeoe?eieo ? iiaeo oe?iiinoae noni?euenoaa.

Noi?ioeueiaai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy iie?eoeueoo?iiai aeoiaaiiy ye
eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee aeoiaii? ?iaioe a oiiaao no/anii? i?eaaoii?
aeui? oeiee Oe?a?ie; aecia/ai? oae? i?eioeeie aoc?anueeiai aeoiaaiiy, ye
?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe, ?? ae?aeia?/i?noue,
ni?yiiaai?noue ia oi?ioaaiiy aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae iaeaooiueiai
niaoe?ae?noa oiui.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiie
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey ?icaeoeo oaeeo aaeocae nioe?ieia?/iiai
ciaiiy ? a?aeiia?aeieo iai?yi?a aeine?aeaeaiue, ye nioe?ieia?y
aeoiaaiiy, nioe?ieia?y ina?oe, nioe?ieia?y iieiae?, nioe?ieia?y
iniaenoino?, nioe?ieia?y aeui? oeiee oa ?i.

Iia?aoe?iiae?ciaai? aaoi?ii iiiyooy ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? aeui?
i?eaaoii? ina?oe oa aeoiaiiai iioaioe?aeo i?eaaoieo aoc?a iiaeooue aooe
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oiio
/ene? nioe?ieia?/ieo, i?eaaoii? ina?oe a Oe?a?i?. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
iiaeia oaeiae aeei?enoaoe aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie aeoiaii? ?iaioe o
aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao e?a?ie. Aiie iiaeooue aooe ei?enieie aeey
i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy ina?oith ??cieo ??ai?a (I?iina?oe, iaeanieo, i?nueeeo
oi?aae?iue ina?oith oiui), aeey ea??aieoeoaa aoc?a, a oiio /ene?
i?eaaoieo, ?o i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo, nooaeaionoaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue,
cae?eniaieo aaoi?ii, aoee i?aaenoaaeai? ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo ?
nai?ia?ao: “Iia? oi?ie aeoiaii? ?iaioe o aeueo caeeaaeao ina?oe Oe?a?ie:
iiooee, i?iaeaie, caaaeaiiy” (i. ?aiaoi??y, 1997 ?.), “Aeooiai?noue
iieiaei? ethaeeie” (i. AEeoiie?, 1997 ?.), “Iaoea ? nioe?aeuei? i?iaeaie
noni?euenoaa” (i. Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.), “Aeooiai?noue oe?a?inoaa” (i.
AEeoiie?, 1998 ?.), “Oa?e?anuee? nioe?ieia?/i? /eoaiiy – 98” (i. Oa?e?a,
1998 ?.), “Aeioneieee aoc?a Oe?a?ie ia ?eieo i?aoe?” (i. Oa?e?a, 1998
?.), “I?eaaoia ina?oa a iinooioae?oa?iiio noni?euenoa?: ia?o? e?iee,
i?iaeaie, ia?niaeoeae” (i. Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.).

Aecia/ai? aaoi?ii eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee, iai?yiee oa oi?ie aeoiaii?
?iaioe aeoeaii canoiniaothoueny a ae?yeueiino? AEeoiie?nueeiai ?inoeoooo
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa oa no/anieo oaoiieia?e.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 10 ?ia?o, a oiio /ene?
3 – o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, ye? ? niaoe?ae?ciaaieie oaoiaeie
aeaeaiiyie, 7 – iaoa??aee ? oace eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, 2 ?icae?e?a (13
i?ae?icae?e?a), aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (218
iaeiaioaaiue), aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 192 noi??iee, c
ieo oaenoo 168 noi??iie, aeiaeaoe?a 14 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? aei aeena?oaoe?? aiae?co?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie, yea
coiiaeaia nioe?aeueiith neooaoe??th, cie?aia noni?eueiith iio?aaith o
aeoiaaii? oao?aoey, i???ioiaaiiai ia ?eieia? ci?ie, a oiio /ene? a
oiiaao i?eaaoieo aoc?a; c`yniao?oueny i??a iaoeiaiai ii?aoethaaiiy
i?iaeaie; iaaiaeyoueny iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai ia`?eo ?
i?aaeiao, oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee oa aii??e/ia aaca, iaoeiaa
iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ?o i?aeoe/ia cia/ou?noue oa
ai?iaaoe?y.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
“?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?y i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee ye iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy
niaoe?ae?noa: oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee aeine?aeaeaiiy” ie ia?o
ca ana caa?oa?iiny aei aiae?co ci?noo iniiaieo iiiyoue iaoi? ?iaioe –
iniaeno?noue, oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?, ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?y oa
nioe?aeueiee ?inoeooo.

Aeoiaey/e c nioe?ieia?/iiai ?icoi?iiy iiiyooy iniaenoino? ye
“oe?e?niino? nioe?aeueieo aeanoeainoae ethaeeie, i?iaeoeoo noni?eueiiai
?icaeoeo” (A.I. ssaeia), ie caa?oa?iiny aei oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo
canaae aiae?co oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? a oiiaao iiaeo noni?eueieo aeiia.
Cae?enithth/e ?noi?eei-nioe?ieia?/iee aeneo?n c ieoaiue aea/aiiy
iniaenoino?, ie i?eae?ey?ii iniaeeao oaaao eiioeaioe?? A. Aeth?eaaeia,
cie?aia, eiai aiae?co ?ie? ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy o oi?ioaaii? iniaenoino?,
a oaeiae ?aeayi I. Aaaa?a i?i oe?ea — oa oe?ii?nii?aoe?iiaeuei? oeie
iiaaae?iee ethaeeie.

Cia/ia i?noea a ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? iin?aeathoue ieoaiiy
nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?. Cie?aia, iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny
i?iaeaiai aoi?eiii? nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?, yea ioiieth? ? ia??iae
iaa/aiiy iieiaei? ethaeeie a aoc?. Aoi?eiia nioe?ae?caoe?y, ye
aaaaeathoue, iai?eeeaae, I.Aa?aa? ? O.Eoeiai, ia?o ca ana ni?ey?
iaaoooth ?iaeea?aeii noa’?eoeaii? ?aeaioe/iino? c o??th /e ?ioith
?ieeth, a oiio /ene? i?ioan?eiith. O oeueiio eiioaeno? iniaeeaiai
cia/aiiy iaaoaa? ina?oa ye aaaeeeaee noa’?eo nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?,
yea, a oiio /ene?, cae?enith?oueny caaaeyee aeoiai?e ?iaio? a aoc?.
A?aeiia?aeath/e ia ieoaiiy, yeo naia iniaeno?noue ia? aeoiaoaaoe
no/aniee aoc, ie i?iiiio?ii ?ic?iaeaio iaie iiaeaeue oao?aoey,
i???ioiaaiiai ia ?eieia? ci?ie. Aeoiaey/e c iio?aa no/aniiai
noni?euenoaa, ie oi?ioeth?ii oaoia?, nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/i?,
iniaeno?ni? oa oai?/? (e?aaoeai?) aeiiae aei iaeaooiueiai oao?aoey. I?e
oeueiio ?iaeoueny aeoeaio ia o?eueee ia eiai caeaoiino? aei
?iiiaaoe?eiiai ieneaiiy, ?i?oe?aoeaii? aenieii?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?,
aea e ia eiai aoiai?noe/ieo, aeooiaieo yeinoyo. Oiio iiaeaeue
niaoe?ae?noa, ia yeo ia? i???iooaaoeny no/aniee aoc, aecia/a?oueny iaie
ye aoiai?noe/ia. ?aae?caoe?y oaei? iiaeae? niaoe?ae?noa iio?aao?, ye
oyaey?oueny, iiaiai — eoeueoo?ii-aoiai?noe/iiai oeio ina?oe. A?i ia?
aooe caniiaaiee ia caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?iiinoyo, ia canaaeao
??aiii?aaiino? an?o noa’?eo?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano o aoc?.
Iaa/aiiy a oiiaao oaeiai oeio ina?oe ia? aooe ae?yeuei?niei, ni?eeoaaiiy
i?ae nooaeaioaie oa aeeeaaea/aie ia? caniiaoaaoeny ia ia?oia?noa? oa
ni?ai?aoe?. Naia oaeee oei ina?oe ii/eia? oi?ioaaoeny a iaaeao i?eaaoii?
aeui? oeiee, yea ia?aaeeaa? nueiaiaei? i?ioean ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe??.

Caa?ioaoenue o nai?e ?iaio? aei iiiyooy ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe??, ie
aeoiaeeii c oiai, ui a nioe?ieia?/i?e e?oa?aoo?? oea iiiyooy
?icaeyaea?oueny aeaicia/ii. O oe?ieiio ?icoi?ii? ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?y ?
a?aeiia?aei? eiio oaiiiaie aecia/a? i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy
oe?ii?nii-ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy, oii?yaeeoaaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo aeae?a
nioe?aeueieo ca’yce?a. A oeueiio a?aeiioaii? iiaeia, iai?eeeaae,
aiai?eoe i?i ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?th ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i? ?
caaaeii o iino?aaeyinueeiio i?inoi??.

O aocueeiio ?icoi?ii? ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?th aecia/athoue ye i?ioean
oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a. O eiioaeno? aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
ian oe?eaaeyoue oaiiiaie, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue ye ia?oiio, oae ? ae?oaiio
?icoi?iith iiiyooy ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe??. Oea iaoiiaeaii oei, ui ie
?icaeyaea?ii ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?th ? ye i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo (a aeaiiio aeiaaeeo nenoaie aeui? i?eaaoii?
ina?oe), ? ye ?acoeueoao oeueiai i?ioeano.

?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?y ye i?ioean i?noeoue o nia?, ii-ia?oa,
ii?iiooai?aiiy, oi?ioaaiiy aeioe?eueii i???ioiaaieo noaiaea?o?a
iiaaae?iee iaaieo in?a o iaaieo neooaoe?yo, ii-ae?oaa, noaiiaeaiiy
noeoiiino? in?a ? caeeaae?a, ye? aieiae?thoue iaaieie iaoa??aeueieie
caniaaie oa cae?eniththoue eiie?aoio nioe?aeueio ooieoe?th.

?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?y ye ?acoeueoao – oea noai?aiiy iiaiai nioe?aeueiiai
?inoeoooo. I?e?iaeii, ui ia no/aniiio aoai? ie iiaeaii aiai?eoe i?i
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?th aeui? i?eaaoii? ina?oe ye i?i i?ioean.
Iaeaaaeeea?oeie iciaeaie oeueiai i?ioeano aecia/athoue: aeieeiaiiy
iaaieo noni?eueieo iio?aa o iiaeo oeiao nioe?aeueii? ae?yeueiino? ?
a?aeiia?aeieo iei nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ? iie?oe/ieo oiia; ?icaeoie
iaiao?aeieo i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo? oa iia’ycaieo c ieie nioe?aeueieo
ii?i ? ?aaoethaaiiy iiaaae?iee; ?ioa?iae?caoe?th ?iaeea?aeaie iiaeo
nioe?aeueieo ii?i ? oe?iiinoae, oi?ioaaiiy ia ?o iniia? nenoaie iio?aa
iniaenoino?, ?? oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e oa i/?eoaaiue.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, ie iaiaaaeeny aecia/eoe iniiai? oaiiiaie, ye?
na?ae/aoue, ia iao iiaeyae, i?i ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?th i?eaaoii? aeui?
oeiee a Oe?a?i?. Aei ieo iaeaaeaoue:

· Iayai?noue a Oe?a?i? aeinoaoiuei ?icaeiooi? nenoaie aeui? i?eaaoii?
ina?oe, ui caaeiaieueiy? aeooaeuei? noni?euei? iio?aae a ina?oi?o
iineoaao.

· Aeciaiiy aea?aeaaith i?aaiaiai noaoono iaathaeaeaoii? ina?oe, ui
ciaoiaeeoue nai? ao?eaiiy a nenoai? e?oeaicoaaiiy ? ae?aaeeoaoe?? aeueo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a iaaea?aeaaii? oi?ie aeaniino?.

· Noaiiaeaiiy ooaoiiai eiioeiaaioo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo i?eaaoieo aoc?a.

· Iiyaa e aeoeaia ooieoe?iioaaiiy a nenoai? aeui? i?eaaoii? ina?oe
??cieo i?aeaoc?anueeeo i?aai?caoe?eieo no?oeoo?: Anioe?aoe?? i?eaaoieo
aoc?a Oe?a?ie, Anioe?aoe?? nooaeaio?a i?eaaoieo aoc?a “I?no”, Oeaio?o
nooaeaionueeeo ?i?oe?aoea oiui.

· Ci?ie o noaaeaii? a?iiaaenueeino? aei i?eaaoii? ina?oe. Iinooiiaa
aeciaiiy noni?euenoaii ieaoieo ina?oi?o iineoa ye ii?iaeueiiai
nioe?aeueiiai yaeua.

· ?icaeoie iiaeo ii?i, noaiaea?o?a iiaaae?iee, noaiiaeaiiy
oe?ii?niii???ioaoe?eii? ?aeiino? iniiaieo noa’?eo?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano a i?eaaoi?e aeu?e oeie?: nooaeaio?a,
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo oa aaei?i?no?aoe?? aoc?a.

Inoaiiy c iacaaieo aeua iciae ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? aeui?
ina?oe caneoaiao? ia iaoo iniaeeao oaaao, oiio ui, ye ie iaiaaa?iiny
aeiaanoe a iaoiio aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii?, oeae oaiiiai ?
i?iaeoeoii ni?eueieo coneeue iacaaieo iaie noa’?eo?a aoc?anueei?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?, caaaeyee /iio ?aae?co?oueny nioe?ae?coth/a ooieoe?y
aeui? ina?oe.

Oey ianoaaeia iaoiiaeea cae?eniaiee iaie aiae?c iniiaieo ooieoe?e ?
caaaeaiue ina?oe ye nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo no/aniiai noni?euenoaa.

Caa?ioaoenue aei na?oiaiai oa a?o/eciyiiai aeina?aeo ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo ina?oe, ie ia?o ca ana i?iaiae?coaaee iniiai?
iciaee aeaiiai ?inoeoooo, a?oie ooieoe?e ina?oe, ye? aeae?eythoueny
??cieie aaoi?aie, ?icaeyioee oae? nioe?aeuei? i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? ?
?icaeoeo ina?oi?o nenoai, ye anacaaaeuei?noue, aacia?a?ai?noue,
niaaeei?ii?noue, ?aei?noue iaa/aeueii? oa aeoiaii? ?iaioe oiui;
aecia/eee i?e/eie e?ece a aeiaaeuei?e nenoai? ina?oe, ?? iniaeeaino? a
oiiaao ina?oiueiai i?inoi?o Oe?a?ie. Iniaeeaa oaaaa a ?iaio? iaaea?oueny
aiae?co aeooaeueieo caaaeaiue ?inoeoooo ina?oe ia no/aniiio aoai?
?icaeoeo ethaenoaa, o?ainoi?iaoe?? ?? ooieoe?e ye a aeiaaeueiiio, oae ?
a ?aa?iiaeueiiio eiioaeno?. Ie aaaaea?ii, ui a nueiaiaeaiieo oiiaao ana
a?eueo ieoiii? aaae a no?oeoo?? ooieoe?e ina?oe iaaoaa? ??
nioe?ae?coth/a, aeoiaia ooieoe?y. Oiio aieiaiith iaoith aeui? ina?oe ?
caaaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy ia eeoa i?ioan?iiaea, aenieieaae?o?eiaaiiai
niaoe?ae?noa, a a ia?oo /a?ao ?ioae?aaioa – ethaeeie c ?icaeiooei
ii?aeueiei ii/oooyi, oe?ieith a?oaeeoe??th, a?iiaaeyinueeeie yeinoyie.

Ia aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ? iiaeiia ia?o ca ana aooe iaoe?eaia ?aoi?ia
aeui? ina?oe, aieiaieie i?eioeeiaie yei? aenooiathoue: aeaiie?aoecaoe?y,
aoiai?caoe?y ? aoiai?oa?ecaoe?y, i?eioeei aeoeaiino? (? aeeeaaea/a, ?
nooaeaioa) a nenoai? aeui? ina?oe, iaoe?iiaeueiee oa ?aa?iiaeueiee
i?aeo?ae o ?ic?iaoe? ina?oi?o i?ia?ai, ?aei?noue ? aca?iica’ycie ina?oe
oa aeeoo?aiai oeyoo iniaenoino?, ?ioaa?aoe?y aeui? ina?oe, iaoee ?
ae?iaieoeoaa.

?aae?caoe?y oeeo i?eioeei?a a oiiaao i?eaaoii? aeui? ina?oe iiaea
a?aeaoaaoeny (? aaea a?aeaoaa?oueny) c iaioeie ao?aoaie, i?ae a
athaeaeaoieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao. Oea iaoiiaeaii, ia iao iiaeyae, ia?o
ca ana oei, ui i?eaaoi?e aeuee oeie? ia iio??aii aeieaoe ?ia?oi?noue,
yea i?eoaiaiia nenoai? athaeaeaoii? ina?oe ye onoaeaiiio nioe?aeueiiio
?inoeoooo. I?eaaoia aeua oeiea ye nioe?aeueiee ?inoeooo, ui ia?aaeeaa?
aoai noaiiaeaiiy, aa?a aeuaiacaai? i?eioeeie ca iniiao nai??
ae?yeueiino?.

Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e nioe?ieoeueoo?iee eiioaeno noaiiaeaiiy i?eaaoii? ina?oe
a Oe?a?i?, ie aecia/a?ii iiiyooy “i?eaaoiee aoc” ye aeuee iaa/aeueiee
caeeaae, caniiaaiee ia iaaea?aeaaieo oi?iao aeaniino?: eiiia?aoeai?e,
a?iiaaenueeeo i?aai?caoe?e, onoaiia oa i?eaaoieo in?a, ui cae?enith?
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaio ae?yeuei?noue a ianyc? aeiia aea?aeaaieo noaiaea?o?a
ina?oe; oi?ioeth?ii iniiai? e?eoa??? (o?iainiaee, oi?aae?inueeee,
ooieoe?iiaeueiee) ? nooiai? (iiaia, iii??ia, a?aeiinia oa
inaaaeii?eaaoecaoe?y) i?eaaoiino?; aeaoaeueii coieiy?iiny ia aiae?c?
oaeoi??a, ui coiiaeththoue iiyao a?o/eciyii? i?eaaoii? aeui? ina?oe;
aeae?ey?ii ?? iniiai? nioe?aeuei? ooieoe?? (caiiaiaiiy a ina?oi?e
nenoai? a?eueieo i?o, ye? aeieeee a ?acoeueoao? ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei, oa caaeiaieaiiy iiaeo ina?oi?o iio?aa ianaeaiiy); ?iaeii
e?euee?niee oa ye?niee aiae?c nenoaie i?eaaoii? aeui? ina?oe; iaaiaeeii
a?aoiaioe “ca” oa “i?ioe” ?? iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo a Oe?a?i?.

Niaoe?aeueiee ia?aa?ao ia?oiai ?icae?eo aeena?oaoe?? i?enay/aiee
i?iaeaiai ? ia?niaeoeaai ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? ina?oe a
ioe?ieao nooaeaio?a oa aenia?o?a-?aeoi??a aeayeeo i?eaaoieo aoc?a
Oa?eiaa oa AEeoiie?a. Aiae?coth/e ia?aaaae ? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo i?eaaoii?
aeui? oeiee, aenia?oe ?iaeyoue oae? aeniiaee: nenoaia i?eaaoieo aoc?a o
iaaeaeaeiio iaeaooiueiio iiaea noaoe ?aaeueiei ? aeinoaoiuei iaaacia/iei
eiieo?aioii athaeaeaoiei aocai ca oiiae a?aeiia?aeii? aea?aeaaii?
iie?oeee. I?ioean oeae, aacia?a/ii, iiceoeaiee, oiio ui o?eueee ca oiia
caei?iai? eiieo?aioe?? a nenoai? ina?oe iiaeeeai caaacia/eoe aenieo
ye?noue iaa/aiiy ? i?aeaioiaee oao?aoe?a.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? — “Aeoiaiee i?ioean o aoc? ye oaeoi?
oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?” – ia?o ca ana i?aee?aneth?oueny iaiao?aei?noue
ia?aona?aeiieaiiy ci?noo oaeeo eaoaai??e, ye aeoiaaiiy, aeoiaia ?iaioa
oiui.

I?ae aeoiaaiiyi ie ?icoi??ii i?ioean na?aeiiiai, oe?eani?yiiaaiiai ?
nenoaiaoe/iiai oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?, yeee cae?enith?oueny a iaaeao
nioe?aeueieo ?inoeooo?a (o eiioaeno? iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy – ina?oe) c
iaoith ?? i?aeaioiaee aei aeeiiaiiy ??ciiiai?oieo nioe?aeueieo ooieoe?e
? ?ieae o an?o noa?ao aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? noni?euenoaa. A no/anieo oiiaao
aeoiaiee i?ioean ana a?eueoa iaaoaa? noa’?eo – noa’?eoiee (a ia noa’?eo
– ia’?eoiee, ye ?ai?oa) oa?aeoa?. Aeoeai?noue, nioe?aeueia noa’?eoi?noue
iieiaei? ethaeeie noa? aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii ? oiiaith ?? aoaeoeaiiai
aeoiaaiiy. Aei oeueiai aeniiaeo ie i?eeoee, nie?ath/enue ia oai??th I.
I?ae i?i o?e oeie eoeueoo?e: iinoo?ao?aoeaiee, eio?ao?aoeaiee ?
i?ao?ao?aoeaiee. Inoaii?e oei, aaaaea? I.I?ae, iinooiiai ii/eia?
aeii?ioaaoe a no/aniiio na?o?: i?aeiieie?iia o?aini?n?y eoeueoo?e ai?uo?
a nia? ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iio?e ia o?eueee a?ae noa?oiai iieie?iiy aei
iieiaeoiai, aea ?, iaaiaee, ia?aao?eth? iieiaeue a noa’?eo aeanii?
nioe?ae?caoe??.

Iaeiei ?c aieiaieo iiiyoue iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iiiyooy aeoiaiiai
iioaioe?aeo, i?ae yeei ie ?icoi??ii noeoii?noue iayaieo oa ia?niaeoeaieo
oi?i oa cania?a oe?eani?yiiaaii? ae?yeueiino? iaaiiai nioe?aeueiiai
noa’?eoa c oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?, ui aeaoa?i?io?oueny ye caaaeueiith
nioe?ieoeueoo?iith neooaoe??th, oae ? ?ano?nieie iiaeeeainoyie,
nenoaiith cae/a?a oa o?aaeeoe?e, iniaeeainoyie oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oeueiai nioe?aeueiiai noa’?eoa.

Aeoiaiee iioaioe?ae i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee ia?o ca ana, ye ie aeiaiaeeii,
aeaoa?i?iiaaiee niaoeeo?/ieie oiiaaie ?? ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe??. Aieiai?
na?aae ieo — ni?eueia caoe?eaaeai?noue, ia?oia?nuee? a?aeiineie i?ae
iniiaieie noa’?eoaie aoc?anueeiai aeeooy.

?ano?ni? iiaeeeaino? aeoiaiiai i?ioeano i?eaaoieo aoc?a ie aaa/a?ii,
ii-ia?oa, a caeo/aii? aei iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano aeina?ae/aieo
iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a; ii-ae?oaa, a iaaieo o?iainiaeo iiaeeeainoyo
i?eaaoieo aoc?a a i?aai?caoe?? iicaaoaeeoi?iiai aeeooy; ii-o?ao?, a
ona?aeiieaii? nooaeaionoaii nai?? i?e/aoiino? aei noaiiaeaiiy iiaiai
nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo, a ?icaeoeo nooaeaionueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy;
ii-/aoaa?oa, a niaoeeo?/ieo oiiaao aoiai?caoe?? oa aoiai?oa?ecaoe??
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano i?eaaoieo aoc?a, o ae?aeia?/iiio eiioaeno?
aeoiaii? ?iaioe a oiiaao i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee; ii-i`yoa, a o?ni?e
aca?iiae?? aaei?i?no?aoe?? oa aeeeaaea/?a c aaoueeaie nooaeaio?a oiui.

Oa?aeoa?ecoth/e iniaeeaino? aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a oiiaao no/aniiai aoco,
a oiio /ene? i?eaaoiiai, ie ia?o ca ana i?aee?aneth?ii cia/aiiy
oe?ii?niiai aei??o oeueiai i?ioeano, ai iaeaaaeeea?oei caaaeaiiyi
aeoiaaiiy ? oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oe?iiinoae ? oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e
iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a, ?o oe?ii?nia nioe?ae?caoe?y. I?e oeueiio ie
i?aee?aneth?ii iaei?aeoi?noue aeei?enoaiiy oa?i?io “aea?aeaieia?caoe?y”
ii a?aeiioaiith aei iaa/aiiy ? iniaeeai aeoiaaiiy. Ia iao iiaeyae,
nueiaiaei? iaiao?aeii aiai?eoe ia i?i aea?aeaieia?caoe?th aeoiaaiiy, a
i?i aeaiiiiiie?caoe?th ?aeaieia?/ieo canaae aeoiaiiai i?ioeano. Inoaii?,
ye oyaey?oueny, aenooia? iniiaith aeaiie?aoecaoe?? aeoiaaiiy, iaaeaiiy
eiio oeea?e?ciaaii? aoiai?noe/ii? iai?aaeaiino?. Iniaeeaa oaaaa a
?iaio? i?eae?ey?oueny i?iaeaiai ?ioa??i?ecaoe?? aeooiaieo, a oiio /ene?
aeaiie?aoe/ieo, a?iiaaeyinueeeo oe?iiinoae iniaenoino?.

Aaaeeeaei oaeoi?ii, ui aeaoa?i?io? oeae i?ioean a oiiaao aoco, ?
aoiai?caoe?y ? aoiai?oa?ecaoe?y iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano. A iao?e
?iaio? aoiai?caoe?y ? aoiai?oa?ecaoe?y ina?oe ?icaeyaea?oueny ? a a?eueo
oe?ieiio eiioaeno?: ye oaeoi? oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? oao?aoey iiaiai,
aoiai?noe/iiai oeio. Aieiaio iaoo aoiai?caoe?? ? aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? aeui?
oeiee ie aaa/a?ii a ?icaeoeo ?ioae?aaioiino? ye ?ioaa?aoeaii? yeino?
iniaenoino?, ui ia?o ca ana oa?aeoa?eco? ?? ii?aeueio aeoeai?noue,
?ioaeaeo, ai?iiy oa iaae/ee i?aeiniaeno?niiai ni?eeoaaiiy. Ia iao
iiaeyae, oea iiaea aooe oni?oii ?aae?ciaaii ca oiia ni?eueii? aeoeaii?
ae?yeueiino?, caaaeueieo coneeue oaeeo noa’?eo?a aoc?anueeiai
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano, ye nooaeaioe oa aeeeaaea/?.

I?e oeueiio ie ?icaeyaea?ii ia?oia?noai, ni?ai?aoeth oeeo noa’?eo?a ye
oiiao ? iieaciee ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?, ye aaaeeeao ?ano?nio neeaaeiao
aeoiaiiai iioaioe?aeo i?eaaoiiai aoco. Oea aeiaaaei a?ae ian aiae?co
aieiaieo canaae oa oaeoi??a, ye? coiiaeththoue oae caaio iaaeaaia?eo
ia?oia?noaa. O aeena?oaoe??, cie?aia, iaaieioo?oueny, ui iaaeaaia?ea
ia?oia?noaa i???ioiaaia ia no?eueee ia ia?aaea/o ethaeei? ciaiue,
ne?eueee ia anaa?/iee ?icaeoie iniaenoino?. Oaea iaaeaaia?ea /ooeeaa aei
aioo??oiueiai na?oo nooaeaioa, aei eiai aiiaeiaaiue, ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo
iniaeeainoae, iaoee?a. Aaaeeeaeie oiiaaie ?aae?caoe?? iaaeaaia?ee
ia?oia?noaa ?: iaieiae?iiy aeeeaaea/aie iaaeaaia?/iith oaoi?eith ?
oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiia?aeii? ss — eiioeaioe??; ia?ao?ae a?ae
oi?iaeueii-?ieueiai? aca?iiae?? aei aca?iiae?? i?ae iniaenoinoyie, a?ae
ia?aaaaeii i?yiiai ea??aieoeoaa aei iia?/iiai oiui.

Aaaeeeaith oai?aoe/iith canaaeith iaaeaaia?ee ia?oia?noaa ie
?icaeyaea?ii eiioeaioe?th ae?aeiao o aeoiaaii?, ia?o ca ana
i?aaenoaaeaio ianaiia?aae o i?aoeyo I.Aaoo?ia oa I.Aoaa?a. I?e an?e
??cieoe? eiioeaioe?e oeeo aaoi??a ?o ii?aeio? aeoiea i?i ae?aeia?/io
i?e?iaeo nioe?aeueiiai na?oo, i?i ae?aeia ye iaaio ye?noue, i?eoaiaiio
ethaenuee?e aca?iiae??. Oea ciaeoei aaciina?aaei? ao?eaiiy a iaoiio
?icoi?ii? aeoiaaiiy, eiai oe?eae. No/ania nenoaia aeoiaaiiy, a oiio
/ene? aoc?anueeiai, iiaeiia aooe, ia iaoo aeoieo, ia?o ca ana iaoe?eaia
ia oi?ioaaiiy, yeui iiaeia oae aeneiaeoenue, ae?aeia?/ii? iniaenoino?.
Caeaoi?noue aei ae?aeiao ie aaaaea?ii iaei??th c aeooaeueieo ethaenueeeo
yeinoae ca oiia “aaaaoiaieinny” no/aniiai nioe?oio, iie?eoeueoo?ii?
i?e?iaee noni?euenoaa, a oiio /ene? oe?a?inueeiai. O aeu?e oeie?, a oiio
/ene? i?eaaoi?e, oi?ioaaiiy oa ?icaeoie ae?aeia?/ii? iniaenoino? ?
caaaeaiiyi neeaaeiei, aea, ia iao iiaeyae, ?aaeueiei. A?eueo oiai,
i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy i?eaaoii? aeui? ina?oe aea? iaai? ia?aaaae a
oeueiio ieai?. Iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy ni?eueiiai aeey nooaeaio?a,
aeeeaaea/?a, aaei?i?no?aoe?? i?eaaoieo aoc?a caaaeaiiy oi?ioaaiiy iiaiai
nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo (?c nai?ie aeanieie o?aaeeoe?yie, nayoaie,
?eooaeaie oiui) caaacia/o? ?aeeiee i?ino??, oaio ? i?ea?ae aeey ?o
ae?aeiao, ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, ia?oia?noaa, ni?ey? ae?aeia?caoe??
aioo??oiueiaoc?anueeiai aeeooy. Oea, a naith /a?ao, aoaea ni?eyoe
?icaeoeo ae?aeia?/iino? iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai oao?aoey, eiai ai?iiy
i?eneooiaoaaoenue ? aooe oiea?aioiei aei aeoiee ?ioiai, c iaeiiai aieo,
? caeaoiino? a?aenoithaaoe nai? iiaeyaee oa iiceoe??, c ?ioiai.

Ae?aeia o aeoiaaii?, iaaeaaia?ea ia?oia?noaa noeioeththoue i?ioean
noaiiaeaiiy oe?ii?niii???ioaoe?eii? ?aeiino? nooaeaio?a oa aeeeaaea/?a
i?eaaoieo aoc?a. I?iaaaeaiee iaie ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ???a?o??
oe?iiinoae oeeo aeaio a?oi ?aniiiaeaio?a cao?enoaaa oaiaeaioe?th
caeeaeaiiy oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo
? nooaeaio?a i?eaaoieo aoc?a. Ia?o ca ana oea aeyaeeinue a ???a?o?? ?o
aieiaieo aeeoo?aeo oe?iiinoae, a oaeiae a i???ioaoe?yo ia yeino?, ui
iaiao?aei? ethaeei? a no/anieo oiiaao. A iaio a?oiao ?aniiiaeaio?a
aenie? ?aiaia? i?noey iaeaaeaoue oaeei yeinoyi, ye aia?a?ei?noue,
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue, oe?eani?yiiaai?noue, i?aai?caoi?nuee? cae?aiino?,
??oo/?noue, i?eioeeiia?noue, /ani?noue, ii?yaei?noue.

Oe?eaao ?ioi?iaoe?th uiaei aieeao ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? ina?oe
ia oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai oao?aoey iaaeaee iai ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?iaaaeaiiai ca o/anoth aaoi?a, cie?aia, ii??aiyeueiee
aiae?c aioo??oiueiiniaeno?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee nooaeaio?a i?eaaoieo ?
aea?aeaaieo aoc?a.

Caa?ioaoenue aei oaeeo oa?aeoa?enoee, ie i?eae?eeee iniaeeao oaaao
oe?ii?niei i???ioaoe?yi iaeaooi?o niaoe?ae?no?a o noa?? ina?oe,
aoc?anueeiai iaa/aiiy oa iaeaooiuei? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?.
Ii??aithth/e oe? oa?aeoa?enoeee nooaeaio?a i?eaaoieo aoc?a c ???a?o??th
nenoaie ina?oi?o oa i?ioan?eieo oe?iiinoae ?o eieaa o aocao aea?aeaaii?
oi?ie aeaniino?, ie ae?eoee aei ?icoi?iiy i?aaeeueiino? aeniiae?a
a?o/eciyieo nioe?ieia?a i?i oa, ui nueiaiaei? a?aei?iiino? a
oa?aeoa?enoeeao ??cieo caaii?a oe?a?inueeiai nooaeaionoaa aeaoa?i?iiaai?
ia oi?iith aeaniino? aoco, a i?anoeaei?noth niaoe?aeueiino?, yei? aiie
iaaoaathoue. O nooaeaio?a ieaoieo a?aeae?eaiue aea?aeaaieo aoc?a
iaaaaaoi a?eueoa ni?eueiiai c nooaeaioaie i?eaaoieo aoc?a, i?ae c ?o
eieaaaie, ye? aaceiooiaii /e ca eiio?aeoii iaa/athoueny ia iai?anoeaeieo
oaeoeueoaoao athaeaeaoieo aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a. A?ae inoaii?o
nooaeaio?a i?eaaoieo aoc?a a?ae??ciy? a?eueo ae?aaeaia noae?noue
i?ioan?eiiai aeai?o, iaoe?eai?noue ia aeuo ina?oo ye ?ino?oiaioaeueio
oe?ii?noue, cia/i?oee nioe?aeueiee iioei?ci, a oiio /ene? a?aeiinii
naiai i?ioan?eiiai iaeaooiueiai, a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue i???ioaoe?? ia
yeino?, ui iaiao?aei? niaoe?ae?noo a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, a
oe?eiio a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue nioe?aeueii? noa’?eoiino?.

A inoaiiueiio i?ae?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? oi?ioeththoueny iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy iie?eoeueoo?iiai aeoiaaiiy, i?ia?aeia ?aeay yeiai iieyaa? o
eoeueoo?i?e aa?iii?ei?e aca?iiae?? o i?aeaoi?/ieo noinoieao. Neioacoth/e
o?aaeeoe?ei? oa iia? oe?iiino? noni?euenoaa, eiioeaioe?y
iie?eoeueoo?iiai aeoiaaiiy ii?aeio? a nia? aieiai? iiceoeai? ?ene
e?aa?aeueii? oa eiina?aaoeaii? ?aeae, ui canoiniaothoueny a ina?oi?e
noa??. Ia a?oio? oe??? eiioeaioe?? aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeythoueny iniiai?
canaaee, caaaeaiiy, iai?yie oa oi?ie aeoiaaiiy a i?eaaoieo aocao. I?e
oeueiio aiae?co?oueny aeina?ae aeoiaii? ?iaioe i?ia?aeieo a?o/eciyieo
aoc?a iaaea?aeaaii? oi?ie aeaniino?.

AENIIAEE

A oeueiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? i?aeaeaathoueny ?acoeueoaoe cae?eniaiiai
aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaiiy. Cie?aia, cacia/athoueny oae? aieiai? aeniiaee.

1. A ina?oiueiio i?inoi?? Oe?a?ie ?aea aeoeaiee i?ioean
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee, i?i ui, a oiio /ene?,
na?ae/eoue noaiiaeaiiy oe?ii?niii???ioaoe?eii? ?aeiino? aieiaieo
noa`?eo?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano i?eaaoieo aoc?a. Oea ia?o ca ana
aecia/a? ?ieue ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee o i?ioean?
oi?ioaaiiy iniaeno?nieo yeinoae ?? aeoiaaioe?a — iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a.

2. Iniaeeaino? noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino? niaoe?ae?noa-aeioneieea
i?eaaoiiai aoco iieyaathoue naia a oiio, ui aiii cae?enith?oueny a
i?ioean? ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee, iaeiei ?c
noa’?eo?a yei? ? nooaeaio.

3. A oiiaao i?eaaoii? ina?oe i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy niaoe?ae?noa,
i???ioiaaiiai ia ?eieia? oiiae, cae?enith?oueny aeaui aoaeoeai?oa, i?ae
o athaeaeaoieo aocao. I?i oea, cie?aia, na?ae/eoue ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c
oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e oa ?ioeo aioo??oiueiiniaeno?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee
nooaeaio?a aea?aeaaieo oa i?eaaoieo aoc?a. Nioe?aeueii-i?ioan?ei?
i???ioaoe?? nooaeaio?a i?eaaoieo aoc?a, ?o onoaiiaee uiaei oi?ioaaiiy
yeinoae, iaiao?aeieo no/aniei niaoe?ae?noai, oa ?aaeueiee ??aaiue ?o
?icaeoeo aeuee, i?ae o ?o eieaa c aea?aeaaieo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a.

4. Iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai oao?aoey a oiiaao
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? aeui? oeiee yaey? niaith iine?aeiaio
o?ainoi?iaoe?th oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e iniaenoino? a noa?? ina?oe oa
iaeaooiuei? i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?, ?? yeinoae, ciaiue, ai?iue,
iaae/ie, yea coiiaeaia aeeth/aiiyi ?iaeea?aea a aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noue
i?eaaoiiai aoco, eiai ?ioi?iaoe?eii-eiioi?eaoeaieie eiioaeoaie c
aeeeaaea/aie oa aaei?i?no?aoe??th, ui aacothoueny ia ni?ai?aoe?,
ia?oia?nueeeo noinoieao nooaeaio?a ? aeeeaaea/?a a iiooeao iioeiaeueieo
oi?i ? iaoiae?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaii? ?iaioe a oiiaao i?eaaoii? aeui?
ina?oe.

5. Oni?oia ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeueiai iaoai?cio caaacia/o?oueny caaaeyee
aeoiaiiio iioaioe?aeo i?eaaoieo aoc?a, eiai ?ano?niei iiaeeeainoyi.
Aieiai? c ieo — noa’?eoi? a?aeiineie, ia?oia?noai aeeeaaea/?a ?
nooaeaio?a oeeo aoc?a ye iaeaaaeeea?oee oaeoi? oi?ioaaiiy ae?aeia?/ii?
iniaenoino?.

6. Ciaeoea nai? i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy a?iioaca i?i ae?aeia?/iee oa?aeoa?
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a oiiaao i?eaaoieo aoc?a. Ae??oaiiy
caaaeueiiai aeey nooaeaio?a, aeeeaaea/?a ? aaei?i?no?aoe?? i?eaaoieo
aoc?a caaaeaiiy noaiiaeaiiy iiaiai nioe?aeueiiai ?inoeoooo ( c aeanieie
o?aaeeoe?yie, ?eooaeaie, nayoaie oiui) caaacia/o? iaiao?aeiee i?ino??,
?aeeio oaio oa aieiaiee i?ea?ae aeey ?o ae?aeiao, ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa,
ia?oia?noaa, ni?ey? ae?aeia?caoe?? aioo??oiueiaoc?anueeiai aeeooy.

7. I?iaeaia ?icaeoeo ae?aeia?/iiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, ia?oia?noaa ca oiia
aeui? oeiee, aacia?a/ii, iio?aao? iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy c iaoith eiai
a?eueo oe?ieiai canoinoaaiiy o aocao Oe?a?ie, a oiio /ene? i?eaaoieo,
aeina?ae aeoiaii? ?iaioe yeeo na?ae/eoue ye i?i iaai? aeinyaiaiiy, oae ?
i?i na?eici? i?iaeaie, ye? iio?aaothoue iaaaeueiiai ae??oaiiy.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Aoiaieoa?ecaoeey eae oaiiiai ia?aciaaiey e iaoee // A?ni. Oa?e.
aea?ae. oi-oo. ? 414. Iaoea ? nioe?aeuei? i?iaeaie noni?euenoaa.- O.,
1998.- N. 116-117.

2. I?iaeaie nooaeaionoaa a no/ani?e iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? // A/ai? caienee
Oa?e?anueeiai aoiai?oa?iiai ?inoeoooo “Ia?iaeia oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y”:
Ca. iaoe. i?. / OA? “IOA”.- O.: Iei, 1998.- O. 4.- N. 74-86.

3. Oi?ioaaiiy aeooiaieo oe?iiinoae ye aieiaia iaoa aeoiaaiiy o aeu?e
oeie? // Oa?ueeianeea nioeeieiae/aneea /oaiey-98: Na. iao/. ?aaio /
Nioeeie. annioe. Oe?aeiu. Oa?uee. ioae-iea; Oa?uee. ain. oi-o. Nioeeie.
oae.- O.: ?aaea?, 1998.- N. 421-423.

4. Oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e ni?eeoaaiiy iaeaooi?o i?aei?e?ioe?a // Eoeueoo?a
Oe?a?ie: noai, i?iaeaie, oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo: Ca. iaoe. no. / ?IE IE.-
E., 1997.- N. 211-215.

5. Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie nooaeaionueei? iieiae? a e?eciaiio noni?euenoa?
// Eiioeaioeey i?eaaoiiai ia?aciaaiey: i?eioeeiu, i?iaeaiu ?aaeecaoeee /
I-ai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu; OAE “IOA”.- O., 1998.- N. 30-39.- Aeai. A AIOA
Oe?aeiu 13.07.1998 a., ? 316-Oe98.

6. Aoiai?oa?ecaoe?y aeui? ina?oe ye aieiaiee /eiiee ?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy //
Aeooiai?noue oe?a?inoaa: Iaoa??aee Anaoe?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. (Aa?an.
1998 ?., AEeoiie?).- AEeoiie?, 1998.- N. 108-109.

7. Iniiaiua aniaeou oi?ie?iaaiey iiaeaee ee/iinoe a iaainoaea?noaaiiii
aoca // Iia? oi?ie aeoiaii? ?iaioe o aeueo caeeaaeao ina?oe Oe?a?ie:
iiooee, i?iaeaie, caaaeaiiy: I?ia?. oa iaoa??aee Anaoe?. iaoe.-i?aeo.
eiio. (22-28 aa?an. 1997 ?., ?aiaoi??y) / I-ai ina?oe Oe?a?ie; Anioe.
i?eaao. aoc?a Oe?a?ie; OA? “IOA”.- O., 1997.- N. 68-72.

8. I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy ii?aeueieo oe?iiinoae no/anii? iieiae? (aei
ieoaiiy nioe?ae?caoe?? nooaeaio?a aoc?a iaaea?aeaaii? oi?ie aeaniino?)
// Aeooiai?noue iieiaei? ethaeeie: Iaoa??aee i?ae?aa?ii. iaoe.-i?aeo.
eiio. (7-8 ea?o. 1997 ?., AEeoiie?) / Oi?. o ni?aaao iieiae? oa n?i”?
AEeoiie?. iae. aea?ae. aaei?i?no?aoe??; AEeoiie?. ?i-o i?aei?e?iieoeoaa
oa no/an. oaoiieia?e.- AEeoiie?, 1997. — N. 197-203.

9. I?ioan?eia naiiaecia/aiiy nooaeaionueei? iieiae? // Auioneieee aocia
Oe?aeiu ia ?uiea o?oaea: I?ia?. e iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?. iao/. – i?aeo.
eiio. (5 oaa?.1999a., Oa?ueeia) / I-ai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu; Oa?uee. iae.
ain. aaeieieno?aoeey; OAE “IOA” e ae?. – O., 1999. — N.72-74.

10. Aeoiaia ?iaioa a i?eaaoiiio aoc?: no/aniee noai oa ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo // I?eaaoiia ia?aciaaiea a iinooioaeeoa?iii iauanoaa: ia?aua
eoiae, i?iaeaiu, ia?niaeoeau — :I?ia?. e iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?. naieia?a
eeaea?ia i?eaao. ia?aciaaiey) / I-ai ia?aciaaiey Oe?aeiu; OAE “IOA” e
ae?. – O., 1999. — N. 41-44.

Ae?eiaa-Oaai?nueea I.I. Iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino? iaeaooiueiai
niaoe?ae?noa a oiiaao ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? i?eaaoii? ina?oe. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa nioe?ieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 22.00.06 — nioe?ieia?y eoeueoo?e, iaoee oa
ina?oe, Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaeathoueny aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy
iniaenoino? a oiiaao ?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?? a?o/eciyii? i?eaaoii? aeui?
oeiee. Aeiaiaeeoueny, ui aeoiaiee iioaioe?ae i?eaaoieo aoc?a Oe?a?ie ia?
aaeee? ?ano?ni? iiaeeeaino? uiaei i?aeaioiaee aenieieaae?o?eiaaieo
niaoe?ae?no?a, i???ioiaaieo ia ?eieia? ci?ie. Aiae?cothoueny iniiai?
oaeoi?e noaiiaeaiiy iaeaooi?o oao?aoe?a, cie?aia, iaaeaaia?ea
ia?oia?noaa, ni?ai?aoey aieiaieo noa`?eo?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano
o i?eaaoieo aocao, ?o ni?yiiaai?noue ia ae?aeia?/io aca?iiae?th.
Cae?enith?oueny ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c aioo??oiueiiniaeno?nieo
oa?aeoa?enoee nooaeaio?a i?eaaoieo oa aea?aeaaieo aoc?a, ?o i???ioaoe??
ia yeino?, iaiao?aei? niaoe?ae?noo ca no/anieo oiia. Aea?oueny
?icai?iooa oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaieo caaaeaiue, iai?yi?a oa oi?i aeoiaii?
?iaioe a i?eaaoieo aocao, ?? eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae, cie?aia iieiaeaiue
iie?eoeueoo?iiai aeoiaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iniaeno?noue, oi?ioaaiiy iniaenoino?,
?inoeoooe?iiae?caoe?y, i?eaaoiee aoc, iie?eoeueoo?ia aeoiaaiiy, aeoiaiee
iioaioe?ae, ?ano?ni? iiaeeeaino? aeoiaiiai iioaioe?aeo i?eaaoieo aoc?a,
iaaeaaia?ea ia?oia?noaa, ae?aeia o aeoiaaii?.

Aeeeiaa-Oaai?neay A.I. Iniaaiiinoe oi?ie?iaaiey ee/iinoe aoaeouaai
niaoeeaeenoa a oneiaeyo einoeoooeeiiaeecaoeee /anoiiai ia?aciaaiey. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa nioeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 22.00.06 — nioeeieiaey eoeueoo?u, iaoee e
ia?aciaaiey, Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniao?eaathony aeooaeueiua i?iaeaiu oi?ie?iaaiey
niaoeeaeenoa a oneiaeyo nia?aiaiiie aunoae oeieu. Aiaeece?oaony ea?a?oey
ooieoeee aunoaai ia?aciaaiey a eiioaenoa nioeeieoeueoo?iie
o?ainoi?iaoeee. Eco/aaony i?ioeann noaiiaeaiey iiauo einoeoooeeiiaeueiuo
oi?i a ia?aciaaoaeueiii i?ino?ainoaa Oe?aeiu. Oa?aeoa?ecoaony
nia?aiaiiia ninoiyiea e ia?niaeoeau ?acaeoey ioa/anoaaiiie /anoiie
aunoae oeieu.

Aeieacuaaaony, /oi i?ioeann einoeoooeeiiaeecaoeee /anoiiai aunoaai
ia?aciaaiey yaeyaony aaaeiui iaoaieciii oi?ie?iaaiey aoaeoueo
niaoeeaeenoia. Yoio iaoaieci iiaeao auoue i?aaenoaaeai neaaeothuei
ia?acii: oeaiiinoiua i?eaioaoeee ee/iinoe a noa?a ia?aciaaiey e aoaeouae
i?ioanneiiaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe, iaoneiaeaiiua a? ee/iuie iio?aaiinoyie
e aiciiaeiinoyie,® aeeth/aiea eiaeeaeaea a aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoue
/anoiiai aoca, ® aai eioi?iaoeeiiii-eiiioieeaoeaiua eiioaeou n
i?aiiaeaaaoaeyie e aaeieieno?aoeeae, eioi?ua iniiauaathony ia
acaeiioaaaeaiee, aeia?iaeaeaoaeueiinoe, acaeiiiiieiaiee,
nio?oaeie/anoaa, ® ia?oia?neea ioiioaiey nooaeaioia e i?aiiaeaaaoaeae a
iieneao iioeiaeueiuo oi?i e iaoiaeia o/aaiie, iao/iie e iauanoaaiiie
?aaiou a oneiaeyo iiauo ia?aciaaoaeueiuo oi?i, ® oi?ie?iaaiea ia
i?eioeeiao oaeiai nio?oaeie/anoaa, nioai?/anoaa ciaiee, oiaiee, iaaueia,
ea/anoa, iaiaoiaeeiuo niaoeeaeenoo iiaiai oeia, ® eioa?iaeecaoeey iiauo
oeaiiinoae, a oii /enea aeooiaiuo, e oeaiiinoiuo i?eaioaoeee,
?acaeaathueo, iaiaauathueo eee ia?ano?aeaathueo iai?aaeaiiinoue
ee/iinoe. Aeaaiui yeaiaioii yoiai iaoaiecia aunooiatho ia?oia?neea
ioiioaiey, nio?oaeie/anoai iniiaiuo noauaeoia o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiiai
i?ioeanna a /anoiuo aocao (nooaeaioia, i?ioanni?nei-i?aiiaeaaaoaeueneiai
ninoaaa, aaeieieno?aoeee). Iainiiauaaaony auaiae i aieueoeo ?ano?niuo
aiciiaeiinoyo ainieoaoaeueiiai iioaioeeaea /anoiuo aocia, /oi
aeaoa?ieie?oaony niaoeeoe/aneeie oneiaeyie einoeoooeeiiaeecaoeee
/anoiiai aunoaai ia?aciaaiey.

A ?aaioa aea?ony aaoi?neia ii?aaeaeaiea iiiyoey ainieoaoaeueiiai
iioaioeeaea, iiae eioi?ui iiieiaaony niaieoiiinoue nouanoaothueo e
ia?niaeoeaiuo oi?i e iaoiaeia oeaeaiai?aaeaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe
ii?aaeaeaiiiai nioeeaeueiiai noauaeoa ii oi?ie?iaaieth ee/iinoe, eioi?ay
aeaoa?ieie?oaony eae iauae nioeeieoeueoo?iie neooaoeeae, oae e
?ano?niuie aiciiaeiinoyie, nenoaiie iau/aaa e o?aaeeoeee, iniaaiiinoyie
oneiaee ooieoeeiie?iaaiey yoiai nioeeaeueiiai noauaeoa.

?anniao?eaathony ?ano?niua aiciiaeiinoe ainieoaoaeueiiai iioaioeeaea
/anoiuo aocia, a /anoiinoe, i?eaea/aiea e o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiiio
i?ioeanno iiuoiuo iaaeaaiae/aneeo eaae?ia, ii?aaeaeaiiua oeiainiaua
aiciiaeiinoe /anoiuo aocia a i?aaiecaoeee aiaaoaeeoi?iie aeecie,
iniciaiea nooaeai/anoaii naiae i?eiaaeeaaeiinoe e noaiiaeaieth iiaiai
nioeeaeueiiai einoeoooa, ?acaeoea nooaeai/aneiai naiioi?aaeaiey;
a-/aoaa?ouo, niaoeeoe/aneea oneiaey aoiaiecaoeee e aoiaieoa?ecaoeee
o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiiai i?ioeanna /anoiuo aocia, aeeaeiae/aneee eiioaeno
ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou a oneiaeyo /anoiie aunoae oeieu, iaeiiaoe, oaniia
acaeiiaeaenoaea aaeieieno?aoeee e i?aiiaeaaaoaeae n ?iaeeoaeyie
nooaeaioia.

Aiaeece?othony oaeea oaiiiaiu ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou a oneiaeyo /anoiuo
aocia, eae iaaeaaiaeea ia?oia?noaa, aeeaeia a ainieoaiee, nooaeai/aneea
eieoeeaoeau, aoiaieoa?ecaoeey o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiiai i?ioeanna, aai
iaoeaeaiiinoue ia oi?ie?iaaiea i?ioanneiiaeueiuo, i?aanoaaiiuo e
a?aaeaeaineeo ea/anoa aoaeoueo niaoeeaeenoia.

I?eaiaeeony n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec aioo?eee/iinoiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
nooaeaioia /anoiuo e ainoaea?noaaiiuo aocia, eo i?eaioaoeee ia ea/anoaa,
iaiaoiaeeiua niaoeeaeenoo a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo, iiae/a?eeaaaony, /oi
nooaeaioia /anoiuo aocia ioee/aao aieueoay onoie/eainoue
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai auai?a, nioeeaeueiay noauaeoiinoue e iioeieci.

Aeaaony ?acaa?iooay oa?aeoa?enoeea iniiaiuo caaea/, iai?aaeaiee e oi?i
ainieoaoaeueiie ?aaiou a /anoiuo aocao, aeinoeaeaiee e i?iaeai /anoiie
aunoae oeieu a aeaea oi?ie?iaaiey ee/iinoe aoaeouaai niaoeeaeenoa.
Oi?ioee?othony iniiaiua iieiaeaiey eiioeaioeee iieeeoeueoo?iiai
ainieoaiey, aeaaiay eaeay eioi?iai – aa?iiie/iia eoeueoo?iia
acaeiiaeaenoaea a iaaeyoie/aneeo ioiioaieyo, neioac o?aaeeoeeiiiuo e
iiauo oeaiiinoae iauanoaa. Enoiaey ec iacaaiiuo i?eioeeiia, a
aeenna?oaoeeiiiii enneaaeiaaiee aiaeece?oaony iiuo ainieoaoaeueiie
?aaiou aaaeoueo ioa/anoaaiiuo aocia iaainoaea?noaaiiie oi?iu
nianoaaiiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ee/iinoue, oi?ie?iaaiea ee/iinoe,
einoeoooeeiiaeecaoeey, /anoiue aoc, iieeeoeueoo?iia ainieoaiea,
ainieoaoaeueiue iioaioeeae, ?ano?niua aiciiaeiinoe ainieoaoaeueiiai
iioaioeeaea /anoiiai aoca, iaaeaaiaeea ia?oia?noaa, aeeaeia a
ainieoaiee.

Dikova-Favorska O.M. Peculiarities of future specialists personality
formation under the conditions of institutionalization of private
education — Manuscript.

Dissertation for acquiring a scientific degree of a Candidate of
Sociological Sciences in the speciality 22.00.06 — Sociology of
Culture, Science and Education. Kharkiv State University, Kharkiv,
1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the study of vital problems of
personality formation under the conditions of institutionalization of
the national private higher education. It is proved that educational
potential of private higher educational establishments in Ukraine has
great resource capabilities for educating highly qualified specialists
oriented to market changes. The work analyzes basic factors of future
specialists development, such as pedagogy of partnership, cooperation of
educational process, main actors in private higher educational
establishments, their focusing on dialogical interaction. The given
research presents a comparative analysis of internal personal traits of
students of private and state institutions, their orientation to the
necessary qualities of a specialist under the current societal
conditions. The work introduces detailed analysis of the main tasks,
directions and forms of educational work in private institutions.

Key words: personality, personality formation, institutionalization,
private higher school, education in multicultural environment,
educational potential, potential educational resources of private higher
school, pedagogy of partnership, dialogue in education.

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