I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE*IEE

OI?AA?NEOAO

OAeE 11.441. 615.849. 19

EOAAIUeIAA Ieueaa Ieeiea?aia

INIAEEAINO? AOAeIAE UEOIAEAeII? CAEICE

I?E IE?AI?E OA NIIEO*AI?E Ae?? EACA?IIAI ? ?AIOAAI?ANUeEIAI
AEI?II?ITHAAIUe

14. I3. I1. — ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? Eoaainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani? Eiaaoi?eia Aieiaeeie? Aai?a?eiae/, Eoaainueeee aea?aeaaiee
iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Einoeeaiei TH??e Iao?iae/, Oe?a?inueea
iaaee/ia noiiaoieia?/ia aeaaeai?y, i.Iieoaaa, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??;

aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiceia Aieiaeeie? Ieaen?eiae/,
Aei?i?iiao?ianueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aiaoii?? ethaeeie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa ?aaii-O?aie?anueea aea?aeaaia iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y IIC
Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “24” ethoiai 2000 ?. i 11 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.600.03 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (610022, i.Oa?e?a-22,
i?.I?aaaee,12)

C ae?na?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (610022, i.Oa?e?a-22, i?.Eai?ia,
4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “24” n?/iy 2000 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe
Ieueoianueeee A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ueoiaeaeia caeica — yiaeie?eiiee i?aai, c iaeiiai
aieo, cia/ii aieeaa? ia an? noi?iie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? nnaaoe?a, o oiio
/ene? ia ??no oa ?icaeoie, no?oeoo?o ? ooieoe?th a?eueoino? i?aai?a ?
oeaiei. C ?ioiai aieo, noai ueoiaeaeii? caeice o?nii iia’ycaiee c ae??th
/eiiee?a ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua (Aa?a?euenueeee E.A., 1987, 1992;
Ie?eiee TH.I., 1995; Alesina M.Yu., 1999).

Iacaaaeth/e ia aaaaoi??/iee aeina?ae aea/aiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice a
oiiaao ii?ie (Aeaoei A.A.,1982; A?oeiaiei A.E. 1983; Aueia A.E., 1993,
Aa?aoeue A.?., 1995; A?iieiae/ I.A., 1998; Wollman S.H., 1971),
aenia?eiaio?a (Iaeeie/aaa Y.A., 1993; Aeoiiaa A.A. e ae?., 1998; Iwai A.
et al., 1993) ? iaoieia?? (Ia/an A.E., I?ii ?.I., 1984; Aea?aayiei E.I.,
1998; Hales I.B., 1992; Amor H. Et al., 1993; Kristensen H.L. et al.,
1995), caeeoathoueny iaae??oaieie ieoaiiy i?i aoaeiao i?aaio ia an?o
??aiyo eiai i?aai?caoe??. Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny iaoai?ci?a
ca?eueoaiiy ? ciaioaiiy e?eueeino? ooieoe?iioth/i? ia?aio?ie ? no?iie,
oiaoi no?oeoo?iiai aiiainoaco ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?ae aieeaii
aeieia?/ieo /eiiee?a, o oiio /ene? ? ??cieo aeae?a aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Oea
aeeeoo? iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy iiaeo yeieiai-ii?oieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aeicaieeoue i?eeoe aei iaa?oioiaaieo aeniiae?a i?i
oa?aeoa? aca?iiae?? i?ae aeieia?/ieie /eiieeaie ? ?aaeoe?yie no?oeoo?
ueoiaeaeii? caeice.

I?ney aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN ia Oe?a?i? oa non?aei?o e?a?iao
NIAe a?aecia/a?oueny ca?eueoaiiy caoai?thaaiue ueoiaeaeii? caeice,
na?aae yeeo ia?aaaaeathoue aooi?ioii?, ia?aaeiooeeii? oa iooeeii?
ia?aoai?aiiy i?aaio (Eeueei A.I. e ae?., 1991; Oeua A.O., 1993;
Iaaiaeiee A.A., 1994; Eanaoeeia A.I., 1997; Likhtarev I.A. et al.,
1995). Aeine?aeieee aieiaiei /eiii i?eaiaeyoue noaoenoe/i? aeai? i?i
iicieia?/i? oi?ie iaoieia?? ueoiaeaeii? caeice aac iiyniaiiy iaoai?ci?a
?oiueiai ?icaeoeo. Oea coiiaeaii neeaaei?noth
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ueoiaeaeii? caeice, a oaeiae
i?ioe??//yie a oyaeai? i?i ii?oieia?/i? iaoai?cie i?aeo?eiaiiy
no?oeoo?iiai aiiainoaco i?aaio a oiiaao ae?? /eiiee?a ioi/oth/iai
na?aaeiaeua.

Ia nueiaiaeiyoi?e aeaiue i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeai? i?i e?euee?ni?
ia?aiao?e ueoiaeaeii? caeice, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue no?oeoo?i?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?? iniiaieo aeaiaio?a, c iaeneiaeueiei o?aooaaiiyi
aieeao aeieia?/ieo oiia.

A?aeiii, ui oe?eee ?yae oei?a yeaeo?iiaai?oieo iecueei?ioaineaieo
i?iiai?a, o oiio /ene? ? eaca?ieo, ni?e/eiythoue aaia?ae?ciaaiee
noeioethth/ee aoaeo ia i?aai?ci (Aiae?aaa A.I. e ae?., 1989; Eieanieeiaa
E.E. e ae?., 1990; Eoiu?ue A.I. e ae?., 1994; Mester E. et al., 1982;
Arheluk A.D. et al., 1990). O ca’yceo c oeei aeyaeaiiy iiaeeeaeo
?aae?ii?ioaeoi?ieo aeanoeainoae eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy aeeeeea?
iaoeiaee ? i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an.

*eneaii? aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?enay/ai? aea/aiith aieeao aae?e-iaiiiaiai
eaca?a ia a?ieia?/i? ia’?eoe, ae?ae iaaeinoaoiuei noinoaaeenue ae?? ia
ueoiaeaeio caeico. O e?oa?aoo?? ?niothoue ??ciiiai?oi? aeoiee a?aeiinii
aieeao eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia ueoiaeaeio caeico. A?aei?/a?oueny
eiai iaiaeiicia/iee aieea ia aeoeai?noue oie?eoe?a, oe?ioeeo?a, N-ee?oei
(Karachenzev Ju. et al., 1996). Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?iai?ee
ii?oieia?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?ney ae?? eaca?iiai ?
?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiue aiana iaaio yni?noue o iaoai?cie
?icaeoeo i?iiaiaaeo ci?i.

Aeoiaey/e c aeuacaaaeaiiai ? a?aoiaoth/e iaaeinoaoi?noue ?ic?iaee oe???
i?iaeaie, aoei i?iaaaeaia aeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeiia?aeiino? c ieaiii iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue
Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ? ? neeaaeiaith
/anoeiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie eaoaae?e ii?iaeueii? aiaoii??, iiia?
aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe?? 01950015790.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith oeueiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei aea/aiiy
ii?oieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae aoaeiae ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a i?ney ae??
?aioaai?anueeiai ? eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiue a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?e?iaee
aeaea?aea aei?ii?ithaaiiy, eiai iiooaeiino?, aeice oa /ano, ui ieioa
i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. I?iaanoe ii?oiiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a i?e
ie?ai?e oa niieo/ai?e ae?? eaca?iiai ? ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiue.

2. Aeyaeoe i?e?ineii?/i? iniaeeaino? aoaeiae oe?ai?aeii? ia?aioeie
i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei.

3. I?iaanoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oeueo?ano?oeoo?e oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th
ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a a ii?i? oa i?ney ae?? eaca?iiai ?
?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oia?oa ia aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaoa??ae?
aeyaeai? iniaeeaino? aoaeiae ueoiaeaeii? caeice noaoaaic??eeo uo??a i?e
ie?ai?e oa niieo/ai?e ae?? eaca?iiai ? ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiue.
Oia?oa iienai? iniaeeaino? oeueo?ano?oeoo?e oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeo?a i?ae
aieeaii aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a oa niieo/ai?e ae??
eaca?iiai ? ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ci?ie
aoaeiae ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?e ae?? eaca?iiai oa ?aioaai?anueeiai
aei?ii?ithaaiue a?aeaoaathoueny ia an?o ??aiyo ?? no?oeoo?ii?
i?aai?caoe??. Ae?aci?noue oa ni?yiiaai?noue aeyaeaieo ci?i caeaaeaoue
a?ae i?e?iaee aeaea?aea aei?ii?ithaaiiy, o?eaaeino? ae??, ?aaeeio
ii?ii?iaiiy ? /ano, yeee ieioa i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?icoe?ththoue ? iiaeeaeththoue ?nioth/? ciaiiy i?i
i?e?ineii?/io oa oeueo?ano?oeoo?io aoaeiao ia?aio?ie ueoiaeaeii? caeice
a ii?i? ? i?e ae?? oaeoi??a i?iiaiaai? i?e?iaee.Io?eiai? ii?oiiao?e/i?
aeai?, iniaeeaino?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aoaeiao ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?e
ie?ai?e oa niieo/ai?e ae?? eaca?iiai ? ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiue
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeey aecia/aiiy nooiaiy ii?ii?iaiiy, iiaiioe
a?aeiiaieo i?ioean?a ? aoaeoeaiino? i?ioei?iiaiaai? oa?ai??. Aeyaeai?
iniaeeaino? i?e?i- ? oeueo?ano?oeoo?e ueoiaeaeii? caeice a caeaaeiino?
a?ae aeice ii?ii?iaiiy, o?eaaeino? ae?? aeicaieythoue cia/ii iioe?eoe
ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa??? i?iiaiaaeo ci?i, iauaeoea?coaaoe aaco
iicieia?/iiai i?iaiico. Iniaeeai aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? iiaeeea?noue
?aiiuei? ae?aaiinoeee ii?oieia?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue ueoiaeaeii? caeice ?
?ic?iaee eiiieaeno i?aaaioeaieo i?? aieeao ia aaiac i?iiaiaaeo ci?i.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean
? iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ?iaioo eaoaae? ii?iaeueii? aiaoii?? ethaeeie
Oe?a?inueei? noiiaoieia?/ii?, ?aaii-o?aie?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?e,
Eoaainueeiai, Aeiiaoeueeiai, A?iieoeueeiai, Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaieo
iaaee/ieo oi?aa?neoao?a ? eaoaae?e aiaoii?? ethaeeie, iia?aoeaii?
oe?o?a?? ? a?noieia?? Oaeai?iaenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. Ci?ie no?oeoo?e ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?e ie?ai?e oa niieo/ai?e ae??
eaca?iiai ? ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiue a?aeaoaathoueny ia an?o
??aiyo ?? no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe??.

2. Ae?aci?noue ? ni?yiiaaii?noue no?oeoo?ieo ci?i a ueoiaeaei?e caeic?
caeaaeaoue a?ae aeaeo aei?ii?ithaaiiy, aeice, o?eaaeino? ae??, oa /ano,
ui ieioa i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy.

3. Iecueei?ioaineaia eaca?ia ii?ii?iaiiy uo??a, ye? caciaee
?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?iaiiy, ni?ey? /anoeiaiio ?ia?a??iaaiith
iani?eyoeeaeo ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueieo ci?i o ueoiaeaei?e caeic?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeai? naiino?eii an?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? ? ii?oiooieoe?iiaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, noaoenoe/ia
ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a, ?oi?e aiae?c. ?ioa?i?eoaoe?y io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a, iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno ? aeniiaee
aeena?oaoe??, iaeaaeaoue aaoi?o.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeeny ? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaii? Eoaainueeiai iaeaniiai
oiaa?enoaa aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a ? oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a (1999);
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo o/aieo (Oa?iii?eue, 1998); ia II-io
Iaoe?iiaeueiiio eiia?an? aiaoii?a, a?noieia?a, aia??ieia?a ?
oiiia?aoiaiaoii?a Oe?a?ie (Eoaainuee, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, c ieo 6 – o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, ? 1 ?aoe?iiae?caoi?nueea
i?iiiceoe?y; 5 ?ia?o iioae?eiaaii naiino?eii.

No?oeoo?a ? ia?i aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 173 noi??ieao.
?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, ?icae?eo, ui
oa?aeoa?eco? iaoa??aee e iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a
aeanieo aeaieo, aiae?co io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy,
aeniiae?a. Aeena?oaoe?y ?ethno?iaaia 53 iaethieaie, 20 oaaeeoeyie.
Nienie e?oa?aoo?e neeaaea?oueny c 250 aeaea?ae, o oiio /ene? ca?oa?aeieo
— 81.

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaaaeaia ia 240 naioeyo noaoaaic??eeo a?eeo uo??a a?aeiia?aeii aei
“I?aaee i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o c aenia?eiaioaeueieie oaa?eiaie” (1977).

Uo?e aoee ?iciiae?eai? ia na??? caeaaeii a?ae aeice ?aioaai?anueeiai
ii?ii?iaiiy. Ia?oo na??th neeaee oaa?eie, ui caciaee iaeii?aciaa
i?noeaaa ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?ithaaiiy aeicith 40 A? ? eaca?ia
ii?ii?ithaaiiy o ??cieo ?aaeeiao. Ae?oao na??th neeaee uo?e, ui caciaee
caaaeueia ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?ithaaiiy aeicith 2,66 A? ? eaca?ia
ii?ii?ithaaiiy a ?aaeeiao a?aeiia?aeieo aei ia?oi? na???.

Oaa?ei eiaeii? na??? ?iciiae?eyeeny ia a?oie a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeeio
eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy. Ia?oo a?oio (L1) neeaee oaa?eie, ui caciaee
eaca?ia ii?ii?ithaaiiy iiooaei?noth 15 iAo/ni2 c yeniiceoe??th 2
oaeeeie, ae?oao a?oio (L2) neeaee uo?e, ui caciaee eaca?ia
ii?ii?ithaaiiy iiooaei?noth 0,5 iAo/ni2 c yeniiceoe??th 10 oaeeei,
o?aoth a?oio (R) neeaee oaa?eii?, ui caciaee ?aioaai?anueea
ii?ii?ithaaiiy. *aoaa?oo (RL1) ? i’yoo (RL2) a?oie neeaee uo?e, ui
caciaee ?aioaai?anueea ? eaca?ia ii?ii?ithaaiiy o a?aeiia?aeieo
?aaeeiao. Ca eiio?ieue i?aaeea a?oia ?ioaeoieo oaa?ei.

Naaine eaca?iiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia na??eiiio aae?e-iaiiiaiio
eaca?? “AEIO-2” (c aeiaaeeiith oaee? 0,63 iei) uiaeiy ia ia?aaeith
iiaa?oith oe? oaa?ei (L1) oa iaeanoue aieiae ? oe? (L2). ?aioaai?anueea
ii?ii?iaiiy uo??a i?iaiaeeee ia aia?ao? ?OI-17 ca oaeeo oiia: iai?oaa —
180 eA, neea no?oio — 10 iA, aac o?eueo??a, oieonia a?aenoaiue — 50 ni
ia aac? a?aeae?eaiiy i?iiaiaai? ae?aaiino?ee Eoaainueeiai iaeaniiai
iieieia?/iiai aeeniaina?o.

Ii cae?i/aiith oa?i?i?a aeine?aeo — 7, 15, 30 oa 60 aei?a oaa?ei
aeaeai?ooaaee ca?aeii c “Iaoiaee/ieie ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie ii aeaaaeaiith
oaa?ei ?c aenia?eiaioo” (1985), aeae?eyee ueoiaeaeio caeico, o?enoaaee o
10% ?ic/ei? iaeo?aeueiiai oi?iae?io.

I?iaiaeeo iaoa??aeo cae?enithaaee ca noaiaea?oiith noaiith, ui
neeaaea?oueny c aeaa?ae?aoaoe?? o nie?oao ?c c?inoath/ith
eiioeaio?aoe??th ? aeeo/aiiy nie?oo ca aeiiiiiaith eneeiea oa caeeaaee
c?acee o ia?ao?i. C ieo aeaioiaeyee ia i?e?ioii? IN-2 ia?ao?iia? c??ce
oiaueiith 7-9 iei, ui i?ioiaeeee /a?ac oeaio? caeice, noaeainoey?io oa
i?ii?aeith ciie, oa?aoaaee ?o aaiaoienee?i-aiceiii. Aeey e?euee?nii?
ioe?iee noaio aeaiaio?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice aeei?enoiaoaaee eiiieaen
ii?oiiao?e/ieo iaoiaeee. I?e?iii?oiiao?e/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy a?noieia?/ieo
c??c?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith ieoey?-i?e?iiao?o
IIA-1-15O AeANO 7865-56 ? ieoey?ii? aei??thaaeueii? n?oee i?e?ineiio
IIA-3.

I?e aeai?? ia?aiao??a ueoiaeaeii? caeice aeey ii?oiiao?e/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ie coieieeeny ia oeo, ui aeicaieythoue ioe?ieoe
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai i?aaio: a?eueoee (F) ? iaioee (f)
ae?aiao?e oie?eoea, e?euee?noue oie?eoe?a a iaeeieoe? ieiu? c??co
ueoiaeaeii? caeice (N), e?euee?noue oe?ioeeo?a o oie?eoe? (n), aenioa
oe?ioeeo?a (H), a?eueoee (D) ? iaioee (d) ae?aiao?e yaea? oe?ioeeo?a. Ia
i?aenoaa? ci??yieo ii?oiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a ia/enethaaee cia/aiiy
iio?aeieo ia?aiao??a ueoiaeaeii? caeice: ia?i oie?eoe?a ? ia?i yaea?
oe?ioeeo?a. A?aeiini? ia?ie iniiaieo eiiiiiaio?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice
aecia/aee ca A.A.Aaoiiae?eiaei (1973, 1990).

Aeey aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oiaoi/ee ueoiaeaeii?
caeice o?enoaaee o 2,5% ?ic/ei? aethoa?iaiai aeueaeaa?aeo ia 0,1 I
oinoaoiiio aooa?? c pH 7,2, iio?i o ini??aiio o?enaoi?? ca Iaeaaea.
I?ney aeaa?ae?aoaoe?? o ?ic/eiao yoaiieo ?c c?inoath/ith
eiioeaio?aoe??th ? aaniethoiiio aoeaoii? iaoa??ae caeeaaee noi?ooth
aiieneaeieo niie aiii-a?aeae?o. Ia oeueo?aoii? OIOI-4 Noinueeiai AI
“Aeaeo?ii” (Oe?a?ia) aeaioiaeyee iai?aoiie? c??ce, ui i?ney caaa?aeaiiy
iao?eaiiaei nei?i aea/aee nii/aoeo ia na?oeiiioe/iiio ??ai?. I?ney
i?eoe?eueii? caoi/ee aeieo iaea?aeoaaee oeueo?aoiie? c??ce, ui
eiio?anooaaee nieyie o?aio oa naeioeth, aea/aee i?ae aeaeo?iiiei
i?e?ineiiii AI-125 oiai ae AI i?e i?enei?thth/?e iai?oc? 75 eA.

Iaea?aeai? aeai? ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ueoiaeaeii? caeice ia?iaeyee
ca aeiiiiiaith ocae/a?ieo cania?a aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee. Ia/enethaaee
na?aaei? a?eoiaoe/i?, ?o iiieeee. A??ia?aei?noue ioe?ithaaee c
aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa??th Nouethaeaioa, aeinoaoiueith aaaaeaee
eiia??i?noue iiieeee iaio 5% (p<0, 05). INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE Iniiaiei eiiiiiaioii ueoiaeaeii? caeice ? aeania oe?ai?aeia ia?aioeia, ooai?aia nenoaiith oeiiaeo oe?ioeeo?a, na?aae yeeo aeae?eythoue aeaa iniiai? ??ciiaeaee - oie?eoey?i? oa ?ioa?oie?eoey?i? (Aeaoei A.A., 1973, 1982; A?oeiaiei A.E., 1983; Aa?aeeueneee E.A., 1987; Aueia A.E., 1993; Fujita H., 1988). O a?aeiia?aeiino? aei caaea/ aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeey aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o ? ni?yioaaiiy ci?i i?ae aieeaii eaca?iiai ? ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiue, a oaeiae aeey anoaiiaeaiiy iniaeeainoae aoaeiae ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a a ii?i?, i?ioyaii ia??iaeo niinoa?aaeaiiy i?iaaaeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice ?ioaeoieo uo??a. Eiio?ieueio oa aenia?eiaioaeuei? a?oie neeaaeaee oaa?eie o a?oe? 3-5 i?nyoe?a. Oeae a?e oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ooieoe?iiaeueiith noaa?euei?noth i?ney iii?oii? aeoea?caoe?? ooieoe?? ueoiaeaeii? caeice o ia??iae noao?aiai aec??aaiiy. ?ici??e oie?eoe?a, aenioa oe?ioeeo?a oa ?io? ia?aiao?e ueoiaeaeii? caeice o oeueiio a?oe? a?aeiinii noaa?euei? ? ci?iththoueny iniiaiei /eiii i?ae aieeaii /eiiee?a ciai?oiueiai oa aioo??oiueiai na?aaeiaeua. I?e ii?oieia?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? anoaiiaeaii, ui o ueoiaeaei?e caeic? uo??a ca /an i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo a?aeaoaa?oueny iacia/ia ca?eueoaiiy ia?aio?ie ca ?aooiie ca?eueoaiiy ?ici???a oie?eoe?a aiane?aeie iaeiie/oaaiiy eiei?aeo. A?aeiiniee ia?i oe?ai?aeii? ia?aio?ie o a?oe? 3-o i?nyoe?a neeaaea? 56,35%, a o a?oe? 5-oe i?nyoe?a – 59,61%. Ia?aio?ia ueoiaeaeii? caeice o oeueiio a?oe? iaaoaa? iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?ii? aoaeiae: aiia ooai?aia caeaa?eueoiai oie?eoeaie eoeynoi? oi?ie ? i?noeoue ua cia/io e?euee?noue ?ioa?oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th, a?aeiiniee ia?i yeiai a iiaeaeueoiio i?ia?aneaii cieaeo?oueny. A?eueo aaeee? oie?eoee ?ici?uai? caeaa?eueoiai o ia?eoa?e/i?e cii?, a ae??ai? ? na?aaei?o ?ici???a oie?eoee - o oeaio?aeuei?e cii? i?aaio. ?ici??e oie?eoe?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice eieeaathoueny a?ae a?aaionueeeo aei 100 iei, aaeeeeo- 61-100 iei, na?aaei?o - 31-60 iei aei ae??aieo - 21-30 iei ? aeoaea ae??aieo - iaio 20 iei. O a?oe? 3-o i?nyoe?a na?aaei?e ia?i oie?eoe?a neeaaea? 7631573 iei3, a ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo aei 5-oe i?nyoe?a niinoa??aa?oueny iacia/ia ca?eueoaiiy ia?io oie?eoe?a aei 9467731 iei3. Iieacieee a?eueoiai ae?aiao?o oie?eoe?a eieeaathoueny a?ae 41,531,26 iei aei 49,611,47 iei, iaioiai ae?aiao?o oie?eoe?a - a?ae 27,461,12 iei aei 29,431,21 iei. E?euee?noue oie?eoe?a a iaeeieoe? ieiu? c??co ueoiaeaeii? caeice o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oaa?ei oaeiae i?aeeyaa? eieeaaiiyi a iaaieo iaaeao. O a?oe? 3-o i?nyoe?a ?oiy e?euee?noue neeaaea? 197,926,13 iae., a ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo aei 5-oe i?nyoe?a cieaeo?oueny ? neeaaea? 173,795,54 iae. Oeae iieaciee iia'ycaiee c ?ici??aie oie?eoe?a, a oaeiae ?c ciiith ueoiaeaeii? caeice, /a?ac yeo aoa c?iaeaiee a?noieia?/iee c??c (oeai?aeueia, noaeainoey?ia ? i?ii?aeiy) ? ? iaeiei c iniiaieo iieaciee?a no?oeoo?iiai aiiainoaco ueoiaeaeii? caeice. Ii?iaeieia oie?eoe?a caiiaiaia ??aeeei eiei?aeii a yeiio aecia/athoueny /eneaii? ?aci?aoe?ei? aaeoie?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aeinoaoith ?ioaineai?noue i?ioean?a ?aci?aoe?? eiei?aeo o ueoiaeaei?e caeic?. I?e ii?oiiao?e/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeyaeaii, ui o ?ioaeoieo oaa?ei o a?oe? 3-o i?nyoe?a 56,74% neeaaea? eiei?ae, a 43,26% - oie?eoey?iee ai?oae?e, a o a?oe? 5-oe i?nyoe?a 61,09% neeaaea? eiei?ae, a 38,91% - oie?eoey?iee ai?oae?e. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeai? e?oa?aoo?e i?i oa, ui c a?eii oie?eoee ca?eueoothoueny ca ?aooiie iaeiie/oaaiiy eiei?aeo /a?ac ciaioaiiy ?ioaineaiino? eiai aeaaaeaiiy ? a?eiaiio cieaeaii? ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? i?aaio. Oie?eoey?iee ai?oae?e ueoiaeaeii? caeice ?ioaeoieo uo??a iniiaiei /eiii i?eciaoe/ii? (eoa?/ii?) oi?ie. Aenioa oe?ioeeo?a o iacia/iiio nooiai? ciaioo?oueny ?c ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo oaa?ei a?ae 9,930,61 iei o o?ei?ny/iiio a?oe? aei 8,790,33 iei o a?oe? 5-oe i?nyoe?a. Oeiia? oie?eoey?i? oe?ioeeoe iathoue ae?acio iiey?i?noue o ?icoaooaaii? i?aaii?ae?a. Aacaeueia /anoeia ee?oei ia? ieaciaoe/io iaia?aio, yea ooai?th? aeeaie? neeaaeee, ui ca?eueoo? iiaa?oith, eiioaeooth/o ?c ia?eeai?ey?iei i?inoi?ii. Ai?eaeueia /anoeia ee?oei ia? /eneaii? i?e?iai?neiee, aeiaaeeia ? e?euee?noue yeeo aa??th?. Aiie iathoue iaee/eiaeaeio oi?io, aiiiaaii?, ca no?oeoo?ith oa aeaeo?iiiith u?euei?noth ?aeaioe/i? ai?eaeuei?e /anoei? oe?ioeeo?a. ssae?i eoeynoa aai iaaeueia, ?ici?uaia aeeae/a aei aacaeueii? /anoeie oe?ioeeoa, eiioo?e eiai ceaaea oaeeyno?. ssaea?oea cono??/a?oueny ??aeei, no?oeoo?a eiai iaoeenoa, ?ici?uaia o oeaio?? aai ia ia?eoa??? yae?a. Aiaeiieaciaoe/ia n?oea neeueii ?icaeiooa ? ooai?aia /eneaiieie eaiaeueoeyie oa ii?iaeieiaie, caiiaiaieie i?eeica?ienoei iaoa??aeii. I?oioiiae??? ?ici?uai? ii an?e ee?ooe?, eiiieaen Aieueaeae? ?icoaoiaaiee iaae yae?ii ? neeaaea?oueny c oeenoa?i ? i?e?iiooe?oe?a. E?ciniie aaeee?, iie?ii?oi?. Iacaaaeath/e ia cia/iee iaoa??ae, iaeiie/aiee i?e aea/aii? ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a, aeai? i?i i?enoinoaaeuei? ci?ie no?oeoo?e oeueiai i?aaio aoaeooue iaiiaieie ia o?eueee aac o?aooaaiiy o?c?ieia?/ieo oa aeieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae, aea ? e?euee?nii? ioe?iee aieeao /eiiee?a ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, o oiio /ene? ??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a aei?ii?ithaaiue ia no?oeoo?io i?aai?caoe?th ueoiaeaeii? caeice. sse iieacaee iao? aeine?aeaeaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a, ui caciaee iecueei?ioaineaia eaca?ia ii?ii?iaiiy ia?aio?ia ?? iaeii??aeia ? noai?aia iniiaiei /eiii ?c ae??aieo oa na?aaeiueiai ?ici??o oie?eoe?a, aaeee? oie?eoee iaei/eneaii? ? cono??/athoueny o ia?eoa??ei?e /anoei? i?aaio. I?ae oie?eoeaie aecia/athoueny i?inoi?? neoi/aiiy u?eueii ?icoaoiaaieo ?ioa?oie?eoey?ieo ee?oei ?c /?oeeie iaaeaie. Oie?eoee ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei o ii??aiyii? ?c oie?eoeaie ueoiaeaeii? caeice ?ioaeoieo uo??a a?ae??ciythoueny iaioeie ?ici??aie, ooai?ai? iaioei /eneii oe?ioeeo?a. Ii?iaeieie oie?eoe?a caiiaiai? ??aeeei eiei?aeii o yeiio aecia/athoueny /eneaii? e?aeia? ?aci?aoe?ei? aaeoie?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aenieo ?ioaineai?noue i?ioean?a ?aci?aoe?? o ueoiaeaei?e caeic?. Aiae?coth/e aeai? ii?oiiao?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei iaei??? ? ae?oai? a?oie ie aeyaeee, ui a?aeiiniee ia?i oe?ai?aeii? ia?aio?ie aei 15-ai aeiy aeine?aeaeaiiy ciaiooaaany o a?oi? LI ia 7,07%, a o a?oi? L2 ia 13,06%. Na?aaei?e ia?i oie?eoe?a o oeae oa?i?i niinoa?aaeaiiy o a?oi? LI neeaa 7621501 iei3, o a?oi? L2 - 7180503 iei3, ui ieae/a o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai ia 4,41% oa 9,95% a?aeiia?aeii. Noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aeii ciaiooaaany a?eueoee ae?aiao? oie?eoe?a i?ney 15-oe naain?a eaca?iiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy iiooaei?noth 0,5 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 10 oaeeei. O oe?eiio iieacieee a?eueoiai ? iaioiai ae?aiao??a oie?eoe?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a c??eiai a?eo, ui caciaee eaca?ia ii?ii?ithaaiiy iiooaei?noth 15 iAo/ni2 aeae?eueea aeua, i?ae o oaa?ei, i?ney ae?? eaca?iiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy iiooaei?noth 0,5 iAo/ni2. I?e ae?? aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a aeyaeai? ci?ie oeueo?ano?oeoo?e oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeo?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aaea ia 7-ee aeaiue aenia?eiaioo o ueoiaeaei?e caeic? i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei iaei??? ? ae?oai? a?oie a?aeaoaathoueny ci?ie ai?eaeueii? /anoeie oie?eoey?iiai ai?oaeeth: ca?eueoo?oueny e?euee?noue ? aeiaaeeia i?e?iai?neiie, ci?ith?oueny ai?eaeueia iiaa?oiy ee?oei, o aaaaoueio i?noeyo aiia aeieia?oueny o eiei?ae, noai?thth/e eoeyno? aenooie - inaaaeiiiae??. Oe? aenooie cono??/athoueny ? o ?ioaeoieo oaa?ei aea cia/ii ??aeoa. Oa?aeoa?i? ci?ie a?aeaoaathoueny a aia?ao? Aieueaeae?. Oey i?aaiaea cia/ii ca?eueoo?oueny ? noa? aeoaea iii?oiei ooai?aiiyi iaeaea a on?o oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeoao. Oeenoa?ie aiaeiieaciaoe/iiai ?aoeeoeoio noathoue ?icoyaiooeie. ssae?a oe?ioeeo?a na?oe?, eoeyno? c ??aiei aai o?ioe oaeeynoei eiioo?ii. Aeine?aeaeoth/e e?euee?ni? ia?aiao?e oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i aeicicaeaaei? ci?ie aenioe oe?ioeeo?a oa ia?io ?oi?o yaea?. Aenioa oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeo?a o ueoiaeaei?e caeic? uo??a i?ney eaca?iiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy iiooaei?noth 0,5 iAo/ni2 ia 15-ee aeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy ca?eueooaaeanue ia 45,09%, a i?ney eaca?iiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy iiooaei?noth 15 iAo/ni2 – eeoa ia 3,72%. A?aeiia?aeii aei ca?eueoaiiy aenioe oe?ioeeo?a, ca?eueooaaeenue ?ici??e oa ia?i ?oi?o yaea?. O oeae oa?i?i aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?i yaea? oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeo?a o a?oi? LI ca?eueooaaany ia 8,08%, a o a?oi? L2 ia - 40,44% o ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieai. Oaeei /eiii, aiae?c no?oeoo?e ia?aio?ie ueoiaeaeii? caeice, aeai? ii?oiiao??? oa aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i aeoea?coth/o ae?th iecueeiaia?aaoe/iiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia ueoiaeaeio caeico noaoaaic??eeo uo??a, i?e oeueiio iaioa, o aeaiiio aeiaaeeo aeica 0,5 iAo/ni2 c yeniiceoe??th 10 oaeeei ni?e/eiy? a?eueo ae?aciee aoaeo. Aea/ath/e iniaeeaino? aoaeiae oa ci?ie ii?oiiao?e/ieo iieaciee?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a i?ney ae?? iaeii?aciaiai i?noeaaiai ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy aeicith 40 A? aeyaeaii ca?eueoaiiy a?aeiiniiai ia?io oe?ai?aeii? ia?aio?ie ia 8,52% ia 7-ee aeaiue ? ia 34,85% ia 15-ee aeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Cia/ii cieaeoaaany a?aeiiniee ia?i oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th, i?i?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy a?i aeinyaaa ia 15-ee aeaiue aenia?eiaioo. Ia?aio?ia ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?aeaeine?aeieo oaa?ei, ui caciaee ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?iaiiy ooai?aia aaeeeeie ? na?aaei?o ?ici???a oie?eoeaie, a 1 ii2 c??co ia?aoiaoaaeanue iaioa e?euee?noue oie?eoe?a o ii??aiyii? c oeei iieacieeii o ?ioaeoieo uo??a. I?noeyie aeyaeyeinue ?ic?inoaiiy niieo/ii? oeaieie, i?aeoie?eoey?i? ee?oeie aoee ?ici?uai? o aeaeyae? aaceaaeieo neoi/aiue. O a?eueoino? oie?eoe?a eiei?ae aoa ia aaeoie?ciaaiee aai i?noea iaeio /ano?oa oeaio?aeueii ?icoaoiaaio aaeoieue, ui na?ae/eoue i?i neaaeo ?ioaineai?noue i?ioean?a ?aci?aoe?? eiei?aeo. ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?iaiiy aeicith 2,66 A? aeeeeea? iaio ae?aci? ci?ie o ueoiaeaei?e caeic? noaoaaic??eeo uo??a. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aeai? e?oa?aoo?e i?i oa, ui ae?y ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice iienoth?oueny e?i?eiith caeaaei?noth aeica-aoaeo. Ca no/aniei oyaeaiiyi on? iniaeeaino? oa caeiiii??iino? i?iiaiaai? ii?acee aeeai? ee?oeie e oe?e?niiai i?aai?cio iiaeooue aooe c?icoi?e? o?eueee c o?aooaaiiyi ci?i no?oeoo?iiai aiiainoaco, ia?ic?eaii iia'ycaieo ?c ci?iaie oeueo?ano?oeoo?e ee?oeiieo i?aaiae. I?e aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineii?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? ueoiaeaeii? caeice oaa?ei, ui caciaee ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?ithaaiiy aeyaeaii, ui a ii?oieia?? caeice a?aeaoaathoueny ae?aci? e oa?aeoa?i? ci?ie. Aieea ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia ueoiaeaeio caeico aeeeeea? ia o?eueee ca?eueoaiiy eiei?aeo, ciaiueoaiiy aenioe oe?ioeeo?a, ia?io ?i?o yaea?, aea ? ci?ie o no?oeoo?i?e i?aai?caoe?? naii? oie?eoey?ii? ee?oeie. ?aae?aoe?ei? iioeiaeaeaiiy oe?ioeeo?a iinyoue ianiaoeeo?/iee oa?aeoa? ? aeeeeeathoue noa?aioeiiee eiiieaen a?aeiia?aeieo ?aaeoe?e ee?oeiieo i?aaiae. Oea a ia?oo /a?ao ci?ie a ii?oieia?? yae?a, ieaciaoe/ieo iaia?ai oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th, ?icoe?aiiy oeenoa?i aiaeiieaciaoe/iiai ?aoeeoeoio, ou?eueiaiiy iao?eena i?oioiiae??e, ciaioaiiy no?oeoo? eiiieaeno Aieueaeae?. Iaeaieiai?oith i?e/eiith aaaaoueio a?ieia?/ieo iane?aee?a ?ii?coth/i? ?aae?aoe?? ? iioeiaeaeaiiy ieaciaoe/ieo iaia?ai. Aaaeo/a ?ieue a?iiaia?ai o oi?ioaaii? ?aae?aoe?eii? ii?acee ? a?aeiiaeaiiy ee?oei noa? caaaeueiiaeciaiith. E??i oiai, ??oaiiy i?iaeaie ??ciiiai?oii? ?aae?i/ooeeaino? ee?oei, oeaiei ? i?aai?ci?a iaiiaeeeai aac o?aooaaiiy ?aae?i/ooeeaino? ee?oeiieo iaia?ai, ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? ?oiuei? ?aaeoe?? ia aieea ?aae?aoe?? (?uneoeiaa N.O. e ae?., 1984). Ieaciaoe/i? iaia?aie oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a ? oiiei ?aaaoth/ith ia ?aae?aoe?th i?aaiaeith. Ia ai?eaeuei?e iiaa?oi? oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeo?a ieaciaoe/i? iaia?aie ooai?ththoue i?e?iai?neiee, ui aaeathoueny a ?a/iaeio eiei?aeo, a oaeiae ??cii? oi?ie aeieiaiiy. Aeine?aeaeoth/e ieaciaoe/i? iaia?aie oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeo?a ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a i?ney ae?? ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy, iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui o ee?oeiao oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th aiie ?aaaothoue aeicicaeaaeiei ciaioaiiyi e?eueeino? ? ?ici???a aeuacacia/aieo no?oeoo?. I?e aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineii?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a i?ney ae?? ?aioaai?anueeai ii?ii?ithaaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui oie?eoee ooai?ai? ia?aaaaeii ieineeie oe?ioeeoaie c ??ciei nooiaiai no?oeoo?ieo ci?i. Cono??/athoueny oie?eoey?i? ee?oeie c iaaeueiei yae?ii, iaaaeeeith e?euee?noth oeeoiieacie a ye?e ?icoaoiaai? aocuee? i?io?e? aiaeiieaciaoe/iiai ?aoeeoeoio, iaeeie/ieie i?oioiiae??yie. *anoeia oe?ioeeo?a ia? oaii? yae?a c oaeeynoeie eiioo?aie oa oa ?icoe?aieie oeenoa?iaie a?aioey?ii? aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee, ui iaaea? ee?oeiai “aaeo?iiai” aeaeyaeo. E??i oiai, o aeayeeo oe?ioeeoao oeeoiieacia iiai?noth iicaaaeaia i?aaiae, ia?aoai?eeany ia aacnooeoo?io iano, a ye?e ieaaa? yae?i niioai?aii? oi?ie. Ie?ai? oe?ioeeoe c?oeiiaai?, ? ?o oeaiee aeyaeythoueny o eiei?ae?. Aeaoaeoe o no?ioe? oie?eoe?a cai?uothoueny aieieienoith niieo/iith oeaieiith. Anoaiiaeaii, ui /?i a?eueo /ano ieioei i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy, oei a?eueoa /anoeia ee?oei no?oeoo?ii ci?iaia. Oe? ci?ie ia a?aeiiaeththoueny ? /a?ac aeaa i?nyoe? a?ae ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo. Iaoai?ci niieo/aii? ae?? aei?ii?ithaaiue aeinoaoiuei neeaaeiee ? iaei aea/aiee. Ca?aeii iaoei aeaiei, io?eiaiei i?e ae?? ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy aeicith 40 A? ? eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iiooaei?noth 15 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 2 oaeeeie a?aeiiniee ia?i oe?ai?aeii? ia?aioeie, na?aaei?e ia?i oie?eoe?a ca?eueoo?oueny o an? oa?i?ie niinoa?aaeaiiy, aea a iaioiio nooiai?, ii??aiyii c ae??th eeoa ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy. I?e aeaeo?iiiii?e?ineii?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeyaeaii ?yae a?aei?iieo iniaeeainoae. Ia 15-ee aeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy yae?a oe?ioeeo?a ii nai?i oeueo?ano?oeoo?iei oa?aeoa?enoeeai iathoue ae?acio aaoa?iaaii?noue, aea aeano?oeoeai? ci?ie, i?eoaiaii? yaea?iiio o?iiaoeio caa??aathoueny. O oeae ia??iae aeyaeythoueny o?aaiaioe ee?oei ? iioeiaeaeai? ee?oeie, ui a iiaeaeueoiio ae?i?iothoueny. Ia 60-ee aeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny aaea a?eueo aeeoo?caeaoiee neeaae oe?ioeeo?a ?c aaeaeaaoieie iciaeaie nae?aoi?ii? aeoeaiino?. ?o yae?a aaeee? c i?eeieiiaeainiaaiei o?iiaoeiii ? ??ciiiai?oiei a?aioeueiaaiei neeaaeii. Oeeoiieacia oeeo ee?oei oaeiae iane/aia ?eainiiaie, nae?aoi?ieie a?aioeaie, iiaa?oiy ee?oei aeyaey? ni?iiiaei?noue aei ooai?aiiy i?e?ia?eae. Ae?y iinoi?iiaiaaiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy iiooaei?noth 0,5 iAo/ni2 iaiaeiicia/ii ci?ith? oeueo?ano?oeoo?o ??ciiiai?oieo ca ooieoe?iiaeueiei noaiii oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeo?a. O oe?eiio niinoa??aa?oueny i?e??no a iiioeyoe?? aeoeaieo oe?ioeeo?a. Oe? ci?ie ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye iciaee aeoea?caoe?? nae?aoi?ieo i?ioean?a o ueoiaeaei?e caeic? uo??a i?ney ae?? ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy aeicith 40 A? ? eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy iiooaei?noth 0,5 iAo/ni2 c aeniioeeoe??th 10 oaeeei. ?acii c oei cieaeaiiy a?aeiiniiai ia?io ia?aio?ie, ci?ie o oie?eoeao na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui i?aeneeaiiy nae?aoi?ii? aeoeaiino? oe?ioeeo?a /a?ac aeaa i?nyoe? ? ?ai?o ua ia noi?iaiaeaeothoueny caaeainiaaiei i?aeneeaiiyi i?ioean?a oie?eoeiooai?aiiy. A ?acoeueoao? ii?oieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ueoiaeaeii? caeice oaa?ei ae?oai? na??? aenia?eiaioo, i?ney ae?? ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy aeicith 2,66 A? ? eaca?iiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy o ??cieo ?aaeeiao aeyaeaii, ui o ia?aio?i? ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a ia?aaaaeathoue ae??ai? oa na?aaei?o ?ici???a oie?eoee. Oie?eoey?i? oe?ioeeoe iathoue i?eciaoe/io oi?io, yae?a ?o eoeyno?, na?oe?. O aeayeeo oie?eoeao oe?ioeeoe iecueeii?eciaoe/i?. Ie?ai? iaea?eueo aaeee? oie?eoee ?c ieineei aai eoa?/iei ai?oae??i oa u?eueiei eiei?aeii aac aaeoieae cono??/athoueny ia ia?eoa??? caeice. Anoaiiaeaii, ui niieo/aia ae?y ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy aeicith 2,66 A? ? eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy iiooaei?noth 15 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 2 oaeeeie noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ca?eueoaiiyi aenioe oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th o an? oa?i?ie niinoa?aaeaiiy. Aiaeii/an ciaiooaaeenue ?ici??e oie?eoe?a, c?inoaa a?aeiiniee ia?i oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeo?a oa cieaeoaaany a?aeiiniee ia?i eiei?aeo o ii??aiyii? c aeaieie iieacieeaie o uo??a, ui caciaee eeoa ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?iaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe ii?oiiao?e/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee, ui ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?iaiiy aeicith 2,66 A? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny a?iiooieoe??th ueoiaeaeii? caeice, a iinoi?iiaiaaa eaca?ia ii?ii?ithaaiiy iiooaei?noth 15 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 2 oaeeeie ia i?ecaiaeeoue caeico aei ii?ie, oi/a ? ca?eueoo? ia?i yaea? oe?ioeeo?a, ?oith aenioo ? o?eueee iinoi?iiaiaaa eaca?ia ii?ii?iaiiy iiooaei?noth 0,5 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 10 oaeeei aeeeeea? oaiaeaioe?th aei ii?iae?caoe?? ae?aiao??a oie?eoe?a. Iaeaieiai?oith i?e/eiith aaaaoueio a?ieia?/ieo iane?aee?a ?ii?coth/i? ?aae?aoe?? ? iioeiaeaeaiiy yaea?ieo no?oeoo? (Aa?oaiyi E.I. e ae?., 1993). O ueoiaeaei?e caeic? uo??a i?ney ae?? ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy aeicith 2,66 A? ? eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy iiooaei?noth 0,5 iAo/ni2 yae?a oe?ioeeo?a na?oe? c aeeoociei o?iiaoeiii ? oaiiei yaea?oeai. O oeeoiieaci? a?aioey?ia aiaeiieaciaoe/ia n?oea i?noeoue ia nai?e iiaa?oi? iaaaeeeo e?euee?noue ?eainii, ?? ii?iaeieie iioe?ai? ? i?noyoue i?eeica?ienoo ?a/iaeio aeniei? aeaeo?iiii? u?eueiino?. Ca?eueoo?oueny o ii??aiyii? c oe?ioeeoaie ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a ia?oi? na??? e?euee?noue i?e?iai?neiie ia ai?eaeuei?e iiaa?oi? ee?oei. O aocuee?e cii?, ui ieia? acaeiaae ai?eaeueii? ieaciaoii? iaia?aie oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeo?a ?ici?uai? ae??ai? a?aioee ? eaiaeueee ??ciiiai?oiiai aeaeyaeo, /enei yeeo c?inoa? ia 30-ee aeaiue niinoa?aaeaiiy. Aei 60-ai aeiy aenia?eiaioo o a?oi? uo??a i?ney ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy aeicith 2,66 A? ? eaca?iiai ii?ii?iaiiy iiooaei?noth 0,5 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 10 oaeeei a?aeaoaa?oueny iaeaea iiaia a?aeiiaeaiiy oeueo?ano?oeoo?e ee?oei ueoiaeaeii? caeice. Oaeei /eiii, ii?yae c aeoea?coth/ith ae??th iecueei?ioaineaiiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia oie?eoey?i? ee?oeie iaooeiaeaeaii? ueoiaeaeii? caeice aeyaeaiee eiai iiceoeaiee aieea ia noai no?oeoo?iiai aiiainoaco ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?e ae?? ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy. AENIIAEE 1. Ueoiaeaeia caeica noaoaaic??eeo uo??a oa?aeoa?eco?oueny aaoa?iaaiiith aoaeiaith. Ca ia??iae i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo (60 aei?a) niinoa??aaeiny iacia/ia ca?eueoaiiy ?ici???a oie?eoe?a, iaeiie/aiiy eiei?aeo, cieaeaiiy aenioe oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th. 2. Nooi?iue no?oeoo?ieo ci?i o ueoiaeaei?e caeic? aecia/aany aeaeii aei?ii?ithaaiiy, o?eaae?noth ae??, aeicith oa /anii, yeee ieioa i?ney ii?ii?ithaaiiy. 3. Ci?ie o ueoiaeaei?e caeic? uo??a i?ae aieeaii eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy i?iyaeythoueny o cieaeaii? a?aeiiniiai ia?io ia?aio?ie, na?aaeiueiai ia?io oie?eoe?a, ca?eueoaiiy a?aeiiniiai ia?io oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?yth, aenioe oe?ioeeo?a oa ia?io ?oi?o yaea?. Ci?ie oeueo?ano?oeoo?e oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th: ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? i?e?iai?neiie, ai?eaeuei?o a?aioe, inaaaeiiiae?e oa eiei?aeieo e?aiaeue na?ae/aoue i?i i?aeneeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? i?aaio. Aeyaeaii noeioethth/ee aieea aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a ia ueoiaeaeio caeico. A?eueo aoaeoeaiith ca aeaieie i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeica 0,5 iAo/ni2 c aeniiceoe??th 10 oaeeei. 4. ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?iaiiy i?ecaiaeeoue aei ca?eueoaiiy na?aaeiueiai ia?io oie?eoe?a, a?aeiiniiai ia?io eiei?aeo, ciaioaiiy aenioe oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeo?a, ia?io ?o yaea?. Ci?ie oeueo?ano?oeoo?e oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th: ee?oeie iathoue ieineo oi?io, yae?a oaii? c oaeeynoei eiioo?ii, ciaioai? o ?ici??ao, oeenoa?ie a?aioey?ii? aiaeiieaciaoe/i n?oee iioe?ai?, ui na?ae/eoue i?i cieaeaiiy ?o ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino?. Aeyaeaii oe?ioeeoe c ??ciei nooiaiai no?oeoo?ieo ci?i, i?e/iio, /ei a?eueoa /ano ieioei i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy, oei a?eueoa /anoeia ee?oei no?oeoo?ii ci?iaia. 5. Aeyaeai? ci?ie ii?oiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ueoiaeaeii? caeice uo??a i?ney niieo/aii? ae?? eaca?iiai ? ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?iaiiy: ciaioaiiy a?aeiiniiai ia?io eiei?aeo, ca?eueoaiiy ia?io yaea? oie?eoey?ieo oe?ioeeo?a aeacothoue ia oaiaeaioe?th aei ii?iae?caoe?? no?oeoo?e ueoiaeaeii? caeice. Iniiaiith iciaeith ? oeueo?ano?oeoo?i? ci?ie oie?eoey?iiai ai?oae?th: cyaeythoueny ee?oeie ?c na?oeeie yae?aie, a?aeiiaeththoueny no?oeoo?e a?aioey?ii? aiaeiieaciaoe/ii? n?oee, o aeayeeo oie?eoeao oe?ioeeoe oi?iothoue i?e?ioie?eoey?i? ii?iaeieie, ui na?ae/eoue i?i noeioethth/ee aieea aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a ia ueoiaeaeio caeico uo??a, ye? caciaee ?aioaai?anueea ii?ii?iaiiy. 6. Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo aeaieo ii?oiiao?e/iiai ? aeaeo?iiii-i?e?ineii?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiue aeyaeaia ei?eaoth/a ae?y iecueei?ioaineaiiai eaca?iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia no?oeoo?o ueoiaeaeii? caeice noaoaaic??eeo uo??a a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai aieeao. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Eoaaiaaa I.I., Eaeeeei E.A. Niinia ii?aaeaeaiey iauaia oieeeeoeia ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu ii ?acoeueoaoai ecia?aiee na?eeiuo aenoieiae/aneeo n?acia / Aiiioe?iaaiiue ia?a/aiue ecia?aoaiee e ?aoeeiiaeecaoi?neeo i?aaeeiaeaiee o/aiuo-iaaeeeia e 40-eaoeth Eoaaineiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai iaaeeoeeineiai oieaa?neoaoa, 1996. A. n. ?3024. 2. Eoaaiaaa I.I. Aeeyiea eaca?iiai e ?aioaaiianeiai eceo/aiee ia eiee/anoaaiiua ii?oiiao?e/aneea ia?aiao?u ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu e?un ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai aic?anoa // A?niee ii?oieia??. - 1998. - ?1. - N. 76-77. 3. Eoaaiaaa I.I. Aeaenoaea ieceieioaineaiiai eaca?iiai eceo/aiey ia no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeeiiaeueiia ninoiyiea ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu e?un ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai aic?anoa // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee aeueiaiao. - 1998. - O.1. - ?4. - N. 56-59. 4. Eoaaiaaa I.I. Ii?oiiao?e/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea no?oeoo?iiai aiiainoaca ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu iinea aeaenoaey ?aioaaiianeiai eceo/aiey // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee aeueiaiao. - 1998. - O.1. - ?4. - N.131-134. 5. Eoaaiaaa I.I. Oeaiaaua aacioeeu ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu e?un i?e ?acaeaeueiii e ni/aoaiiii aeaenoaee eaca?iiai e ?aioaaiianeiai eceo/aiee // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee aeueiaiao. - 1999. – O.2. - ?1.- N. 60-63. 6. Eoaaiaaa I.I. Iniaaiiinoe oeueo?ano?oeoo?e eeaoie ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu e?un iiae aeaenoaeai eceo/aiey aaeee-iaiiiaiai eaca?a // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee aeueiaiao, 1999. - O.2. - ?2. - N. 9-12. 7. Eiaaoieeia A.A., Eoaaiaaa I.I., Eoeaoiaa I.I. Oeueo?ano?oeoo?a ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu e?un ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai aic?anoa iinea aeaenoaey iauaai e ianoiiai ?aioaaiianeiai iaeo/aiey // Oe?a?inueeee iaaee/iee aeueiaiao, 1999. - O.2. - ?3. - N. 83-88. AIIOAOe?ss Eoaaiaaa I.I. Iniaeeaino? aoaeiae ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?e ie?ai?e oa niieo/ai?e ae?? eaca?iiai ? ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiue. ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.03.01 – ii?iaeueia aiaoii?y. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao IIC Oe?a?ie, Oa?e?a, 1999. Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii iniaeeainoyi aoaeiae ueoiaeaeii? caeice i?ae aieeaii ??cieo aeic eaca?iiai oa ?aioaai?anueeiai aei?ii?ithaaiue. I?e oeueiio aeei?enoiaoaaee aiaoii?/i?, a?noieia?/i?, ii?oiiao?e/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iaoiae o?aini?n?eii? aeaeo?iiii? i?e?ineii??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ci?ie o ueoiaeaei?e caeic? uo??a i?ae aieeaii eaca?iiai ? ?aioaai?anueeiai ii?ii?ithaaiy a?aeaoaathoueny ia an?o ??aiyo ?? no?oeoo?ii? i?aai?caoe??. Ae?aci?noue oa ni?yiiaaii?noue ii?oieia?/ieo ci?i o ueoiaeaei?e caeic? uo??a caeaaeaoue a?ae aeaeo aei?ii?ithaaiiy, aeice ? o?eaaeino? ae??, a oaeiae /ano, yeee ieioa i?ney ii?ii?iaiiy. Aeyaeaii noeioethth/ee aieea aei?ii?ithaaiiy aae?e-iaiiiaiai eaca?a ia ueoiaeaeio caeico. Anoaiiaeaii oaeiae, ui naaine eaca?ioa?ai?? o noaoaaic??eeo uo??a ciaioothoue iaaaoeai? iane?aeee ae?? ?ii?coth/i? ?aae?aoe?? ia ueoiaeaeio caeico. Eeth/ia? neiaa: aoaeiaa, ueoiaeaeia caeica, eaca?ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ?aioaai?anueea aei?ii?ithaaiiy. SUMMARY Kuvenyva O.N. Peculiaries of thyroid structure after individual and combinative laser and x-ray irradiation. Manuscript. The dissertation on searching of the scientific degree of the candidate of medical science of the speciality 14.03.01. – Normal Anatomy. Kharkov State Medical University. Kharkov, 1999. The objective of the thesis is studying of the especially of the thyroid structure after different dose laser and x-ray radiation. Amond the methods used were anatomical, histological, morphological and techniques of transmission electron microscopy. There is established, that the modifications of the rats thyroid after laser and x-ray radiations happen on all level of organization. The expressiveness and the direction of the changes of the thyroid gland depend on the special radiation, dose and on the action durance, and the time after the influence. There discover reveal stimulative effect on the thyroid gland. There istablished also thot seanses lasertherapy of the rats of mature age decrease unfavourable effect radiation on the thyroid gland. Key words: structure, thyroid gland, laser radiation, x-ray radiation. AIIIOAOeEss Eoaaiaaa I.I. Iniaaiiinoe no?iaiey ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu i?e ?acaeaeueiii e ni/aoaiiii aicaeaenoaee eaca?iiai e ?aioaaiianeiai eceo/aiee. ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.03.01. – ii?iaeueiay aiaoiiey. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue iaaeeoeeineee oieaa?neoao IC Oe?aeiu, Oa?ueeia, 1999. Iaoa?eaeii enneaaeiaaiey auee ueoiaeaeiua aeaeacu 240 iieiaic?aeuo aaeuo e?un-naioeia aic?anoii 3-5 ianyoeaa. AEeaioiuo iiaeaa?aaee ?acaeaeueiiio e ni/aoaiiiio aeaenoaeth ?aciuo aeic eaca?iiai e ?aioaaiianeiai eceo/aiee. Naainu aicaeaenoaey i?iaiaeeee ia na?eeii aaeee-iaiiiaii eaca?a "AEIO-2" n aeeeiiie aieiu 0,63 iei. ?aioaaiianeia iaeo/aiea e?unu-naioeu iieo/aee ia aiia?aoa ?OI-17 a neaaeothueo oneiaeyo: iai?yaeaiea - 180 eA, neea oiea - 10 iA, aac oeeueo?ia, oieoniia ?annoiyiea - 50 ni. Aeey enneaaeiaaiey iaoa?eaea eniieueciaaee aenoieiae/aneee, ii?oiiao?e/aneee, yeaeo?iiiiiee?ineiie/aneee iaoiaeu ni noaoenoe/aneie ia?aaioeie iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia. A yoii enneaaeiaaiee aia?aua iienaiu eciaiaiey oeueo?ano?oeoo?u oieeeeoey?iuo eeaoie ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu i?e aeaenoaee ieceieioaineaiiai eaca?iiai eceo/aiey a ?aciuo ?aaeeiao, a oaeaea i?e ni/aoaiiii aeaenoaee eaca?iiai e ?aioaaiianeiai eceo/aiee a caaeneiinoe io aeicu iaeo/aiey e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe aeaenoaey. I?iaaaeaii aeineiiaeueiia ii?oiiao?e/aneia enneaaeiaaiea ia?aioeiu ia anao no?oeoo?iuo o?iaiyo ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi iiae aeaenoaeai eaca?iiai eceo/aiey a ia?aioeia ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu e?un i?ienoiaeyo no?oeoo?iua eciaiaiey, au?aaeaiiinoue e iai?aaeaiiinoue eioi?uo caaeneo io aeicu eceo/aiey, i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe aeaenoaey e a?aiaie i?ioaaeoaai iinea iaeo/aiey. Auyaeaii noeioee?othuaa aeeyiea ieceieioaineaiiai eaca?iiai eceo/aiey ia ueoiaeaeioth aeaeaco. Aic?anoathuaa eiee/anoai ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo ii?aaeaiee ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu o?aaoao iienea iiauo iaoiaeia ea/aiey. A yoie ?aaioa eco/aeenue aaeaioaoeeiiiua iiaeeoeeaoeee ueoiaeaeiie aeaeacu iieiaic?aeuo e?un iiae aeaenoaeai ?aciuo aeic ?aioaaiianeiai eceo/aiey e iineaaeothuaai aeeyiey eceo/aiey aaeee-iaiiiaiai eaca?a a ?aciuo ?aaeeiao. Auyaeaia aiciiaeiinoue ei??aeoeee eaca?ioa?aieae iia?aaeaeathuaai aeaenoaey eiiece?othuaai eceo/aiey ia ueoiaeaeioth aeaeaco. Eeth/aaua neiaa: no?iaiea, ueoiaeaeiay aeaeaca, eaca?iia eceo/aiea, ?aioaaiianeia eceo/aiea.

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