I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao (i.Iaeana)
?i. E.Ae.Ooeinueeiai

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

AeIII?EIAA ??eia Aiaoie??aia

OAeE 300.54,130

INIAENOEE NAIN NIOe?AEUeIIAI AOOOss EOEUeOO?E

09.00.03 –nioe?aeueia o?einio?y ? o?einio?y ?noi???

Aaoi?aoa?ao

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Iaeana -1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai??
oa?/iaeo oaoiieia?e

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee –Aaeaio?nueeee A.E., aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?einio?? Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe –Ioi/aiei I.I., aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe,i?ioani?,
caa.eaoaae?ith o?einio?? oa oe?a?iiciaanoaa Oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaii?
aeaaeai?? cayceo ?i. I.N. Iiiiaa

OoaeiaE.A. , eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?einio??
Iaeanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?.?. Ia/i?eiaa

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y –eaoaae??a o?einio??, iie?oieia?? oa i?aaa
Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e.

Caoeno a?aeueoaeaoueny 18 aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 14 aiae. ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee o I?aaeaiiioe?a?inuee?io aea?aeaaiiio
oi?aa?neoao? ?i. E.Ae. Ooeinueeiai.

Aae?ana: 270020, i. Iaeana, aoe. Noa?iii?oio?aie?anueea, 26, aieiaiee
ei?ion.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?a?eioaoe?
I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. E.Ae. Ooeinueeiai
ca aae?anith: 270020, i. Iaeana, aoe. Noa?iii?oio?aie?anueea, 26,
aieiaiee ei?ion.

Aao?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 17 ethoiai 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee ?.A. Ienee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA AeINE?AeAEAIIss

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeaia ye iniaeeainoyie
aeiaaeueii? nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? neooaoe??, oae ? aioo??oi?ie i?iaeaiaie
no/aniiai aeeooy a Oe?a?i?. Iaiao?aei?noue aeoiaeo ?c e?ece no/anii?
oeea?e?caoe?? aeeeeea? iio?aao aa?iii?caoe?? aca?iei i?ae i?e?iaeith,
ethaeeiith oa noni?euenoaii, anoaiiaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ae
i?aaiaiiyie, ?ioa?anaie ethaeeie ? iane?aeeaie ?? ae?yeueiino?.
Ia?niaeoeaa ?noi??? ana a?eueoith i??ith aecia/a?oueny nooiaiai
ona?aeiieaiiy ethaeeiith a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca caa?aaeaiiy aeiae?eey ?,
oei naiei, aeaniiai ?nioaaiiy. A no/ani?e neooaoe?? i/aaeaeiith ?
caeaaei?noue ae??oaiiy nioe?aeueieo i?iaeai a?ae nooiaiy caeo/aiino?
ethaeeie aei nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? aeeiai?ee, a?ae o?aooaaiiy
iniaeno?niiai /eiieea o noni?eueiiio ?icaeoeo.

O ca’yceo c oeei iniaeeai? aaae o nioe?aeueiiio aooo? iaaoaa?
ethaeeiioai?/ee iioaioe?ae eoeueoo?e, eio?a caaaea? ia?aiao?e
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ??cieo aaeocae noni?eueiiai aeeooy ye
iniaeno?nii-ci???ioiaaieo /eiiee?a. Iniaeeaino? no/aniiai ?icaeoeo
aeooae?cothoue iaoeiaee ?ioa?an aei eoeueoo?e ye i?aea?oioy
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy, ui aenooia? aa?aioii aeaeeaaiiy ethaenoaa ye ?iaeo.
Aecia/eoe niaoeeo?eo aca?iiae?? ethaeeie oa eoeueoo?e o nioe?aeueiiio
eiioaeno?, aeyaeoe aeaaeaio no/aniei nioe?ieoeueoo?iei ?icaeoeii
ethaenueeo ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue ? i?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaei aeey
aeoea?caoe?? ethaenueeeo cae?aiinoae, aeey a?aeooeaiiy oeyo?a aeoiaeo c
aeiaaeueii? e?ece.

I?iaeaia aca?iica’yceo eoeueoo?e oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aoooy ? iniaeeai
aeooaeueiith aeey no/aniiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie. ?icaoaeiaa oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaiino? ia?aaeaa/a? aeoeaia caeo/aiiy aei i?ioean?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy
eiaeiiai ?iaeea?aea ye i?aaenoaaieea aeaii? eoeueoo?e, iin?y ??
oe?iiinoae, o?aaeeoe?e, ?aeaae?a. Aeaiie?aoe/i? ia?aoai?aiiy
aeooae?cothoue nioe?aeuei? ?ene iniaenoino?, ye? aenooiathoue aa?aioaie
ae?enii ona?aeiieaii? o/ano? ?iaeea?aea o ni?eueiiio i?ioean? oai?aiiy.

Aca?iiae?y ethaeeie oa eoeueoo?e ia?aaeaa/a? aeoeaiooaaiiy oaaae ia oeo
noa?ao nioe?aeueiiai aoooy, eio?? o uiiaea?eueo?e i??? a?aeiia?aeathoue
ca noaiiaeaiiy ethaeeie ye noa’?eoa eoeueoo?e. Iaeiei ?c i?ia?aeieo o
oeueiio i?ioean? ? nioe?aeueiee ?inoeooo ina?oe ?, ia?aaeon?i, aeui?: o
?? nenoai? cae?enith?oueny ia?ao?ae a?ae canai?iiy ciaiue aei ?oiueiai
ao?eaiiy o ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio aeeoo?noaa?aeaeoaaii?. Aeooaeuei?noue
i?iaeaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy a?o/eciyii? ina?oe o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei
nioe?aeueieo ?aae?e cacia/aii o aieiaieo iieiaeaiiyo caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i
ina?oo”, a oaeiae o iai?yieao ?icaeoeo ina?oiuei? nenoaie, aeeeaaeaieo o
iaoe?iiaeuei?e aea?aeaai?e i?ia?ai? “Oe?a?ia OO noie?ooy: no?aoaa?y
ina?oe”. Iaiao?aei?noue aeyaeaiiy ethaeeiioai?/eo iiaeeeainoae aeui?
ina?oe, cie?aia, aeui? oaoi?/ii?, coiiaeea caa?iaiiy aei aeaii? noa?e
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e o caaa?oaeueiiio ?icae?e?
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oaeei /eiii, a aeena?oaoe??
cae?enith?oueny ia?ao?ae a?ae ?icaeyaeo i?iaeai aca?iica’yceo ethaeeie
oa nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e aei i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai noaiiaeaiiy
ethaenueei? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? o nenoai? aeui? oaoi?/ii? ina?oe.

A aiae?c? i?iaeai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaiao?aeii
i?aee?aneeoe aaaeeea?noue eiioeaiooaeueiiai ?icoi?iiy eoeueoo?e ye
nioe?aeueiiai oaiiiaia. O a?o/eciyi?e o?einionuee?e e?oa?aoo??
ooieoe?iioaaiiy eoeueoo?e o noni?euenoa? onaa?/ii ?ice?eoi o
ae?yeuei?ni?e eiioeaioe??. I?e oeueiio iaei? aeine?aeieee o ci?no?
eoeueoo?e ia ia?aaei?e ieai aenoaathoue ?? “oaoiieia?/iee eiioaeno”,
niiniae ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino? (A.?. Aeaaeaeiae/, TH.A.AEaeaiia,
A.N.Ia?ea?yi, C.?.Oaeiao?a oa ?i.); A.I.Aaeea?, I.N.Ceia?i, E.I.Eiaai,
A.I.Iaaeo?a oa ?i. oeoia/aoue eoeueoo?o ye niin?a iniaeno?niiai
noaiiaeaiiy, ?aae?caoe?? oai?/eo iiaeeeainoae ethaeeie; A.N.Noueii?i
aecia/a? eoeueoo?o ye noeoii?noue iaaea?ieia?/ieo i?ia?ai ethaenueei?
aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?; I.N.Ao?aae/ ye ae?yeuei?noue, ni?yiiaaio ia iiooe
“nae?aeueiiai naino aoooy”. I.N.Eaaai ?icaeyaea? eoeueoo?o ye aoooy,
noai?thaaia ethaeeiith o i?ioean? ae?yeueiino? ? ye oaea, ui oai?eoue
naio ethaeeio o an?i ?icia?oo? ?? aeya?a. Oe?iiei o aeai?e eiioeaioe?? ?
nenoaiiee aiae?c eoeueoo?e, ui ?iaeoue iiaeeeaei aeyaeaiiy aieiaieo
/eiiee?a ?? oe?e?niino? (ae?yeuei?noue, oe?iiino?, nain aeeooy oiui), a
oaeiae oa?aeoa?enoee oa nioe?aeueieo ooieoe?e eoeueoo?e. I?ioa
aaaaea?oueny, ui “aoi?eii?noue” eoeueoo?e ii a?aeiioaiith aei
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy, yea eia?/ii aeaiaeeoueny ?c ae?yeuei?niiai
i?aeoiaeo, oo?oaeith? iaa?oiooaaiiy ?? aoiai?noe/ii? nooiino?,
?iaiaoiiai ca’yceo c ethaeeiith: aiae?c eoeueoo?e ye ao?eaooa
ae?yeueiino? ia?aaeaa/a? ca?a “eoeueoo?iiai” oa “nioe?aeueiiai”, ia
aeae?ey? eoeueoo?o na?aae ?ioeo nioe?aeueieo oaiiiai?a.

Aeey ae??oaiiy caaaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a?eueo
i?iaeoeoeaieie aaaaeathoueny eiioeaioe?? eoeueoo?e, ui iia’ycothoue ?? c
ooieoe?iioaaiiyi ethaenueei? na?aeiiino?, c ?ioi?iaoe?eii-coiiaeaiith
niaoeeo?eith nioe?aeueiiai aoooy. Oae, A.Iieue ?icaeyaea? eoeueoo?o ye
?ioaeaeooaeueia “iniauaiiy” ethaeeie, iaoai?ci i?aai?caoe??, caa?aaeaiiy
oa ia?aaea/? nioe?aeueii cia/oui? ?ioi?iaoe?? /a?ac “eoeueoo?o
ia?niiaeueii? oai?/ino?” (“Nioeeiaeeiaieea eoeueoo?u”, I.,1973). Ca
oaeiai i?aeoiaeo noa? iiaeeeaei aiae?c ?icaeoeo eoeueoo?e, oyaethaaiee
ye ?ioi?iaoe?eiee i?ioean, o yeiio ?iaeea?aeoaeueia ae?yeuei?noue
aaia?o? nainiaee ci?no nioe?aeueiiai aoooy.

I?eioeeiiai aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy ia? ?iaioa A.Ii?aia
“Oo?a/aiiay ia?aaeeaia: i?e?iaea /aeiaaea” (E., 1995). ?icaeyaeath/e
nioe?oi ye nenoaio aenieiai ??aiy neeaaeiino?, A.Ii?ai iaa?oioiao?
aiiainoaoe/i? ooieoe?? eoeueoo?e ? iia’yco? nioe?iaaiac c ?icaeoeii
iaaea?ieia?/ieo (nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo) oi?i aeeoo?ai? i?aai?caoe??
ethaeeie. Oei naiei c’yniao?oueny eoeueoo?ieia?/iee oa?aeoa?
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy.

A?aeiia?aeio ?aeath oi?ioeth? A.I.Na?aec?inueeee o noaoo? “Eoeueoo?a ye
oaiiiai naiii?aai?caoe??” (No/ani?noue. — 1992.- ? 4). Ei?enooth/enue
ia?iaeii a iaeano? neia?aaoeee, a?i aiae?co? eoeueoo?o ye i?ioean
naiii?aai?caoe?? iiinoa?e.

O cacia/aieo ?iaioao eoeueoo?a a?eueoith i??ith i?aaenoaaeaia ye
nioe?aeueii cia/ouee oaiiiai. O eiioeaioe?? oe?a?inueeeo o?einio?a
(?.E.Aeno?eoeueeee, N.A.E?einueeee, A.?.Iacaia, A.A.Oaaa/eianueeee,
A.?.Oeiea?oe oa ?i.) i?aee?aneth?oueny ?? iniaeno?nii-cia/oua nooi?noue
(“Auoea /aeiaaea a eoeueoo?a” (E.,1992); “Iioieia?/i? i?iaeaie
eoeueoo?e” (E., 1994). Eoeueoo?a aeine?aeaeo?oueny ye i?ino??
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? aecenoaioe??, o yeiio ae?iaeythoueny naine
ethaenueeiai aoooy. ?aeath i?aai?/iino? ni?a-aoooy ethaeeie oa eoeueoo?e
aeei?enoaii o aeena?oaoe?? aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy iniaeno?niiai naino
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e, eiai aoiai?noe/ii? nooiino?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeeo o?einio?a noaee i?aea?oioyi aiae?co
ethaenueei? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? ye oi?eaeueiiai eoeueoo?iiai ooai?o;
aeaee ciiao iiaeaoe aca?iiae?th eoeueoo?e oa ?iaeea?aea ye aacia?a?aiiai
eiioi?eaoeaiiai i?ioeano, eio?ee ?i?oe?th? naii?icaeoie ethaeeie oa
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy. Noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino? ?ice?eoi ye “aoooy a
eoeueoo??”, ui noai?th? oi?eaeueio eoeueoo?io oi?io — ?iaeea?aeoaeueio
eoeueoo?o. Oeei naiei, ia?ainieneaii oaiiiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
eoeueoo?e, ui ia caiaeeoueny aei ciai?oi?o, “aoeeaoieo” iieaciee?a, a ye
oaeee, ui ae?aaea? eoeueoo?o aeeooy ethaeeie. Aeaia iiiyooy a?aeaeaa?
aeainoi?iii?e i?ioean aca?iiae?? ethaeeie e nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai
eiioaenoo, o oiae? yeiai noai?th?oueny iniaeno?nii-ci???ioiaaia
nioe?aeueia aoooy.

O inieneaii? oaiiiaia ethaenueei? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? o
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio aniaeo? oaeiae aa?oi cacia/eoe aaaeeea?noue i?aoeue
“AEeciue eae oai?/anoai” (E., 1985), “Eoeueoo?a aeecie ee/iinoe” (E.,
1988), aeine?aeaeaiiy A.A.Iaeaoiaa “Eoeueoo?a e /aeiaa/aneay
oeaeinoiinoue” (E., 1984), “Eoeueoo?a ? ethaenueea ae?yeuei?noue”
(E.,1989).

O aeine?aeaeaii? i?iaeai aeena?oaoe?? aeyaeeinue ca iaiao?aeia caeo/aiiy
i?aoeue, o yeeo aiae?cothoueny iaoiaeieia?/i?, nioe?aeueii-o?einionuee?
i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?, aai iaai? aniaeoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
eoeueoo?e (A.A.Aca?o?i, ?.E.Aeno?eoeueeee, ?.A. Ae/ei, I.I.Aiaeaeueia,
A.N.A?aea?, I.E.Aantheia, A.A.Aonaeiia, I.N. Aeieo?e?aa, A.?.
?aaiia, ?.I ?euey?aa, A.?. Eaaaea?ia, I.N.Eaaai, ?.N.Eii, A.?.Iacaia,
A.A. Ienoii, E.A.Nioaiue, E.I.Noieiae/, I.O. Oeea?a oa ?i.). Aeai?
oi?iiooai?aiiy, ui aeeiiothoue ?ieue iniaeno?nieo iiaeaeueiinoae, aeaee
ciiao aeyaeoe ca’ycie ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?nioaaiiy c nioe?ieoeueoo?iei
eiioaenoii.

Oaia aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaa? caa?iaiiy aei ioae?eaoe?e c i?iaeai ina?oe
oa aeoiaaiiy. Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy a?o/eciyii? ina?oe, ui aecia/athoueny
niaoeeo?eith no/aniiai nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo, aoee i?aaeiaoii
iaaiai?aiiy ia ?? Anaoe?a?inueeiio eiia?an? o?einio?a (1996 ?.),
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “O?einio?y no/anii?
ina?oe ? ??aaiue ?? ?ic?iaeaiino? a Oe?a?i?” (1996 ?.), o ia??iaeeoe?.
?acoeueoaoe iaaiai?aiue, eio?? yaeythoue niaith oe?iiee iaoeiaee
aeina?ae, aoei canoiniaaii o aeena?oaoe??. I?ioa iayai? aeine?aeaeaiiy o
iai?yieo iineeaiiy ethaeeiioa??ieo iiaeeeainoae nenoaie ina?oe
iio?aaothoue i?iaeiaaeaiiy.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?e c i?iaeai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeyaea ?ic?iaeai?noue aeaio
aieiaieo aniaeo?a uiaei ?icoi?iiy eoeueoo?e ye nioe?aeueiiai oaiiiaia.
Ca i?aaeei, oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny iaae?iaeea?aeoaeueiei oi?iai
eoeueoo?e, ni?aa?aeiiniei c iaaiith /anoeiith nioe?oio, aai oaiiiaiai
?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-iniaeno?niiai aoooy. I?iaeaia aca?iica’yceo
iaae?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai oa iniaeno?niiai o aooo? eoeueoo?e aaa/a?oueny
iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaiith. Aeyaey?oueny iaiao?aeiei aiae?c aeeiai?ee
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai o nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio, ooi/iaiiy iiiyooy
“?iaeea?aeoaeueia eoeueoo?a”, c’ynoaaiiy niinia?a aaia?aoe??
iniaeno?nieo aeeoo?aeo nain?a ? ?o ?ioaa?aoe?? o nioe?ieoeueoo?iee
i?ino??. Oea aecia/eei ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai iaoo ?
caaea/?.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy i?noeoue aiae?c ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo a
nioe?aeueiiio aooo? eoeueoo?e.

Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? ?iaiaioiiai ca’yceo nioe?aeueiiai
aoooy eoeueoo?e oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo.

Ca?aeii c iaoith ?iaio? aecia/aii oae? caaea/?:

— iaa?oiooaaoe aoiai?noe/io nooi?noue eoeueoo?e, iiaeaoe ?? ye niin?a
ethaenueeiai aoooy, ui aaia?o? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-iniaeno?niee nain
aeeooy;

— ?ice?eoe ci?no iiiyooy “nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e” ia i?aea?oio?
ia?aaeaa/oaaiiai ?icoi?iiy eoeueoo?e;

— c’ynoaaoe niaoeeo?eo nioe?iaeeiai?ee eoeueoo?e, ?? ca’ycie c
?iaeea?aeoaeueiei ?icaeoeii;

— i?iaiae?coaaoe na?oiaeyaei? i???ioaoe?? no/anii? nioe?ieoeueoo?ii?
ia?aaeeaie, icia/eoe aniaeoe iiaiai ?icoi?iiy ethaenueei?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?;

— aeae?eeoe aacia? oi?iioai?aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e ca?aeii c
aeiiaaie no/aniiai nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo;

— icia/eoe aieiai? i?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy ethaenueei? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? o
nenoai? aeui? ina?oe.

Iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee ? oai?aoe/i? aeaea?aea aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aaenoaaeai? i?aoeyie ieneeoae?a ieioeiai, eio?? caa?oaeenue aei
i?iaeai ethaenueeiai aoooy a oaeiae no/anieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie
a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a o aaeoc? o?einio??, o?einio??
eoeueoo?e oa o?einio?? ina?oe.

I?e ?ic?iaeaii? oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, ui aecia/athoue nooi?noue
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e, niaoeeo?eo noaiiaeaiiy ethaenueei?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? aoei aeei?enoaii aacia? iieiaeaiiy ae?aeaeoe/ii?
iaoiaeieia?? oa neia?aaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, eio?? a?aeaeo? o iiiyooyo
“?icaeoie”,“naii?icaeoie”,“naiii?aai?caoe?y”, “aio?ii?y”,
“iae?i?ei?noue”. Neia?aaoe/iee i?aeo?ae aeicaieea oyaeoe eoeueoo?o ye
niin?a naiii?aai?caoe?? ethaenueeiai aeeooy, ni?yiiaaiee ia noai?aiiy
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy. Ia i?aenoaa? neia?aaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo oi?ioaaiiy
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? ?icaeyiooi ye oi?eaeueiee i?ioean naii?aae?caoe??
iniaenoino? o eiioaeno? nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e.

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aeei?enoaii ioae?eaoe??
a/aieo-oao?aoe?a uiaei noi?aeieo iaoeiaeo aaeocae: ineoieia??,
iaaeaaia?ee, a oaeiae iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e c i?iaeai
aoiai?caoe?? e aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? aeui? oaoi?/ii? oeiee, ioae?eaoe?? o
ia??iaeeoe?, iaoeia? oa iaoeiai-iiioey?i? aeaeaiiy. Oe? i?aoe? aeaee
ciiao onaa?/ii i?iaiae?coaaoe oaiiiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e,
?ice?eoe ci?no iiiyooy “eoeueoo?a aeeooy ethaeeie”, aeyaeoe
eoeueoo?ioai?/? iiaeeeaino? aoiai?oa?iiai ciaiiy o oaoi?/iiio aoc?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. O aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eaa?oueny ci?no
iiiyooy “nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e”, eio?a a?aeaeaa? i?aai?/i?noue
ethaenueeiai aoooy oa na?oo, aeyaeaii niaoeeo?eo oi?ioaaiiy ethaenueei?
noa’?eoeaiino? ye naii?icaeoeo o nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio eiioaeno?.
Cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy aeaiaio?a neia?aaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo uiaei
aiae?co nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e oa ethaenueei?
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy eoeueoo?e ye aecenoaioe?? iniaeno?nieo nain?a
ethaenueeiai aoooy caciaee iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo a iaa?oiooaaii?
aoiai?noe/ii? nooiino? nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e. A?oioiai? canaaee,
iaaoo? /a?ac ae?yeuei?niee i?aeo?ae, ia?ainieneai? o eiioaeno?
neia?aaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo. Aiae?c eoeueoo?e ye neia?aaoe/iiai ia’?eoa
aea? ciiao naio ae?yeuei?noue ?icaeyaeaoe ye aeoai?aio eoeueoo?ith oi?io
noaaeaiiy ethaeeie aei na?oo.

Iiaecio io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?ice?eoi o oaeeo iieiaeaiiyo:

1. Nooi?noue nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e aecia/a?oueny niaoeeo?eith
aca?iica’yceo eoeueoo?e oa ethaenueeiai ?nioaaiiy. I?iaiae?ciaaia o
eiioaeno? neia?aaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, eoeueoo?a iinoa? aeooiaii-i?aeoe/iei
niiniaii naii?aai?caoe?? ethaenueeiai aeeooy, eio?ee ni?yiiaaiee ia
noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie nioe?aeueiiai aoooy. ?iaiaioiee ca’ycie
eoeueoo?e c ethaeeiith coiiaeaiee a?aee?eoith e noia?a/eeaith
ethaenueeith nooi?noth, eio?a aeiiaa? eoeueoo?o ye ooiaeaiaioaeueiee
iaaaio?ii?eiee /eiiee. Eoeueoo?a ? iaaea?ieia?/iei oaiiiaiii, iia’ycaiei
c ooieoe?iioaaiiyi na?aeiiino? oa aecia/ath/ei ia?aiao?e ?icaeoeo
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy /a?ac noaiiaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?. Oaeei /eiii,
aoooy ethaeeie nooi?nii ca?aa?oueny c aoooyi eoeueoo?e.

2. Nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e ? ?? iaae?iaeea?aeoaeueiith,
aaaaoiaei??iith nenoaiith, ui aeieea? ye iane?aeie aeooae?ciaaieo nain?a
ethaenueeiai aoooy. Aiia inyaa? an? oi?ie aoooy — i?e?iaeo, ethaeeio e
noni?euenoai, o o?e i???, o ye?e aiie caeo/ai? aei nainiaiai i?inoi?o
eoeueoo?e. Nooi?noue nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e iaaoaa?
aecenoaioe?aeueiiai oa?aeoa?o oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-iaiiaoi?ieo ?en eiai
i?iyao. Nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e aeyaey? naaa ia o?eueee ye ciai?oi?
oiiae ?icaeoeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e, aea, ia?o ca ana, ye i?ioean
eiioeioaeueiiai ni?a?icaeoeo ethaeeie oa na?oo.

3. I?aai?/i?noue aoooy ethaeeie ? eoeueoo?e aecia/a? niaoeeo?eo
nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? aeeiai?ee. Nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e iinoa?
nenoaiith ia’?eoeaiaaieo iniaeno?nieo nain?a, /e? oiniaeaiiy
cae?enith?oueny /a?ac aea??eiaa canai?iiy ethaeeiith eoeueoo?iiai
ci?noo. Aeoioethth/e iniaeno?niee aeeoo?aee aeina?ae aaaaoueio
?aeeaeae?a, eoeueoo?a ae?iaey? ia?niaeoeao nioe?aeueiiai ?ooo, aeoiaey/e
c ?ioa?an?a ethaenueeiai iinooio ye oaeiai. Oi?io?oueny nioe?ieoeueoo?ia
ia?aaeeaia — aeooaeueiee aaeoi? ?icaeoeo, ui neeaaea?oueny ye
?ioaa?aoeaia aca?iiae?y ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeeoo?aeo nain?a. Ci?ia
ia?aaeeai aecia/a? nioe?iaeeiai?eo eoeueoo?e.

4. Nioe?ieoeueoo?ia ia?aaeeaia onoaiiaeth? ia?aiao?e ?icaeoeo
ethaenueei? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?, eio?a iieeeeaia ?aae?coaaoe aeooaeuei?
ia?niaeoeae nioe?aeueiiai iinooio. No/anio nioe?ieoeueoo?io ia?aaeeaio
noi?iiaaii ia canaaeao iiaiai na?oiaa/aiiy. O eiai oeaio?? — ethaeeia a
i?aai?/i?e ?aeiino? c aeiae?eeyi. Aoiai?oa?ii ci???ioiaaiee oa?aeoa?
iiai? ia?aaeeaie iio?aao? ethaenueei? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?, o eio??e
uiiaeiiai?oa a?aeaeoi i?aai?/i?noue ni?a-aoooy ethaeeie oa na?oo,
i?aaiaiiy aei ?? caa?aaeaiiy.

5. A ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiio ?icaeoeia? ethaeeie, eio?ee oeoia/eoueny ye
aoooy o eoeueoo??, ia?oi?yaeia ?ieue iaeaaeeoue oei oi?iiooai?aiiyi,
eio??, c iaeiiai aieo, coiiaeththoue ?ecenoaioe?eiee ca’ycie ethaeeie c
nioe?ieoeueoo?iei ioi/aiiyi, c ?ioiai — ?i?oe?ththoue i?ioean ?icaoaeiae
aeaniiai aeeooy. ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ?icaeoie o oaeiio ?ac? noa?
eoeueoo?ith aeeooy ethaeeie, iinoa? ye ?icai?oaiiy a eoeueoo?i?e
aecenoaioe?? ethaenueei? noa’?eoeaiino?, caeaoii? aei naiioai?aiiy oa
ca?eueoaiiy aeooiaii-iaoa??aeueiiai ci?noo eoeueoo?e. Oaeei /eiii,
iiiyooy “eoeueoo?a aeeooy ethaeeie” a?aeaeaa? i?aai?/i?noue
ni?a?nioaaiiy oi?eaeueiiai eoeueoo?iiai ooai?o c eiai aeiae?eeyi.

6. A no/anii? nioe?ieoeueoo?? aeoai?th?oueny a?aeiia?aeia ?e aoiai?oa?ia
ina?oiy ia?aaeeaia, eio?a a?aeaeaa? ni?yioaaiiy nenoaie ina?oe oa
aeoiaaiiy ia aeoea?caoe?th iniaeno?nieo canaae uiaei iaa/aiiy,
naiioai?aiiy /a?ac ciaiiy. Noaiiaeaiith ethaenueei? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?
/a?ac ina?oi? caniae ni?ey? ?aae?caoe?y i?eioeeio
iniaeno?nii-ci???ioiaaiiai ciaiiy: ia?nii?o?eiaaiee ia’?eoeaiee ci?no
iaoee ? ?i?oe?thth/ei /eiieeii inieneaiiai noaaeaiiy nooaeaionoaa aei
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aeeoo?cae?eniaiiy. O nenoai? aeui? oaoi?/ii? ina?oe
?aae?caoe?y ethaeeiioai?/iai iioaioe?aeo iaa/aiiy iia’ycaia, ia?aaeon?i,
c aoiai?oa?ieie aeenoeeie?iaie. Iineeaiiy ?o eoeueoo?ioai?/eo
iiaeeeainoae ni?ey? noai?aiith oiia uiaei noaiiaeaiiy ?ioae?aaioe?? —
noa’?eo?a eoeueoo?e, ui oi?iothoueny /a?ac ciaiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o
canoinoaaii? eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue neia?aaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei
eoeueoo?e, o aeyaeaii? nainiaiai ni?yioaaiiy oa a?aeiia?aeii?
i?aai?caoe?? nioe?aeueieo oi?i aoooy eoeueoo?e, cie?aia, nenoaie ina?oe
oa aeoiaaiiy. Aeine?aeaeai? o aeena?oaoe?? i?iaeaie iiaeooue aooe
oe?eaaeie uiaei aeine?aeaeaiue o aaeoc? nioe?aeueii? o?einio??,
o?einio?? eoeueoo?e, o ae??oaii? oai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai aoiai?caoe?? aeui?
ina?oe.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeathoue ciiao ?ic?iaeoe i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ae??oaiiy ina?oi?o caaaeaiue aeui? oaoi?/ii? oeiee,
eio?a iieeeeaia noai?thaaoe oiiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy ?ioae?aaioe??.

I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy ethaenueei? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?, ui ?icaeyiooi o
aeena?oaoe?? ni?acao/i? nioe?aeueiei caaea/ai, ye? iia’ycai? c
iaoe?iiaeueiei a?ae?iaeaeaiiyi Oe?a?ie. Aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aeiiiiiaoe o iiooeao oeyo?a aa?iii?caoe??
aca?iei ?iaeea?aea oa noni?euenoaa, o noaiiaeaii? iaoe?iiaeueii?
naiina?aeiiino? oe?a?inueei? iieiae?.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
i?e aeeeaaeaii? eo?n?a o?einio??, eoeueoo?ieia??, ?ae?a??ciaanoaa,
aoeee, o i?aeoeoe? aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? aeui? oaoi?/ii? ina?oe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeena?oaoe??
aeeeaaeaeenue ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo ? iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo:
“I?iaeaie iaoeiai? oa oaoi?/ii? oai?/ino?” (Iaeana, 1992); “Oi?ioaaiiy
caaaeueiiethaenueeeo oe?ii?nieo i???ioaoe?e, nioe?aeueiiai,
aoiai?noe/iiai ieneaiiy o nooaeaio?a” (Iaeana, 1992); “Oai??y,
iaoiaeieia?y ? i?aeoeea iaoeiai? oa oaoi?/ii? oai?/ino? (Iaeana, 1993);
“I?iaeaie aca?iiae?? aoiai?oa?iiai, i?e?iaeie/i-iaoeiaiai oa oaoi?/iiai
ciaiiy ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo iaoee. Aoiai?oa?ia ina?oa o
oaoi?/iiio aoc?” (Iaeana,1994); “O?einio?y no/anii? ina?oe ? ??aaiue ??
?ic?iaeaiino? a Oe?a?i?” (Ee?a,1996); “Na?oiaeyaei? oa iaoiaeieia?/i?
i?iaeaie oaeineiiaeaiiy iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano” (Iaeana,1998);
ui??/ieo i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? ii?nueei?
aeaaeai?? (IAeIA) oa ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? cacia/aiiai aoco, ia
can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e o?einio?? Iaeanueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oa?/iaeo
oaoiieia?e (IAeAOO).

O?noue ioae?eaoe?e c i?iaeai aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeaathoue aieiai? ?aea?
iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeena?oaoe?? ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? IAeIA ?ic?iaeaii e
aeeeaaea?oueny eo?n “Oe?a?inueea oa ca?oa?aeia eoeueoo?a”. Oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aaoi? ai?iaaaeaeo? o i?aeoeeo aeeeaaeaiiy
o?einio?? oa anoaoeee.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe ? naio aeena?oaoe?th iaaiai?aii ia can?aeaii?
eaoaae?e o?einio?? IAeAOO (10.06.97, i?ioieie ? 11) ? ?aeiiaiaeiaaii aei
caoenoo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe a?aeiia?aeathoue eia?oe? a?na?oeaiiy aieiaii?
iaoe oa caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
o?ueio aeaa, ui i?noyoue ii aeaa ia?aa?aoe, aeniiae?a oa nieneo
aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e. Ci?no aeeeaaeaii ia 151 noi?. A?ae?ia?ao?/iee
nienie i?noeoue 260 iii?iaoe?e.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/a?oueny
nooi?iue aea/aiino? oaie, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe, coi?ioeueiaaii
iaoeiao iiaecio io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ?ice?eoi iaoeiai-i?aeoe/io
cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?iaeai, iieacaii no?oeoo?o ?iaioe.

O ia?o?e aeaa? “Nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e ye oiiaa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
?icaeoeo” ?ice?eoi ci?no iiiyooy “nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e”,
aeine?aeaeo?oueony nooi?noue eoeueoo?e ye nioe?aeueiiai oaiiiaia,
c’yniao?oueny ca’ycie nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? aeeiai?ee c ?icaeoeii
ethaenueei? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? “Eoeueoo?a ye niin?a aoooy ethaeeie” aeine?aeaeaii
?iaiaioiee ca’ycie i?ae eoeueoo?ith oa ethaeeiith c caeo/aiiyi aeaiaio?a
neia?aaoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, iaa?oioiaaii eoeueoo?iaaiiee oa?aeoa?
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy.

Neeaaei?noue oaiiiaia eoeueoo?e, iiiaeeii?noue ?? aeao?i?oe?e
?iaeyoue ca iaiao?aeia aea?? aaciai? eaoaai???, yea a aeaea ciiao
neioacoaaoe onoaeai? i?aeoiaee uiaei aiae?co eoeueoo?e ? aecia/aea a
niaoeeo?eo ?? nioe?aeueiiai aoooy. A oeueiio a?aeiioaii? iiaeia
nei?enoaoenue neia?aaoe/iei iiiyooyi naiii?aai?caoe??. ?ice?eaath/e
oi?aa?naeuei? caeiiii??iino? ?icaeoeo neeaaeieo nenoai, aiii ?iaeoue
iiaeeeaei c’ynoaaoe nooi?noue eoeueoo?e, ?? i?ecia/aiiy o nenoai?
ethaenueeiai aoooy.

Aecia/aiiy eoeueoo?e /a?ac naiii?aai?caoe?th aea? ciiao ca’ycaoe ?? c
aaaeeeaei /eiieeii nooiino? ethaeeie. ?ioi?iaoe?eia iaaei??i?noue
ethaeeie aeyaey? iaaeinoaoi?noue a?ieia?/ieo niinia?a ?aaoethaaiiy
aeeooy ? cao?aao? ye?nii a?aei?iieo iaoai?ci?a eiai i?aai?caoe??. Aaiaca
nioe?aeueiino? coiiaeaia ?icaeoeii eoeueoo?e ye niiniao naiii?aai?caoe??
ethaenueeiai aoooy. Eoeueoo?a iaaea? ni?yioaaiiy ethaenuee?e
?aaeoeaiino?, ?aaoethth/e ?ioi?iaoe?eiee iai?i i?ae ethaeeiith e
aeiae?eeyi. Aeoea?coth/e ieneaii?a? i?ioeane, eoeueoo?a ?i?oe?th?
?icaeoie canaae nioe?aeueiino? — na?aeiiino? oa ae?yeueiino? ?
i?iaeiaaeo?, oei naiei, i?ioeane i?e?iaeiuei? naiii?aai?caoe??.
Eoeueoo?a noa? ooiaeaiaioaeueiei iaaaiaio?ii?eiei /eiieeii ethaenueeiai
aeeooy. Aiia cae?enith? aaia?aoe?th nainiaiai ci?noo nioe?aeueiiai aoooy
/a?ac ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ?icaeoie ? ni?ey? oai?/?e ?aae?caoe?? ethaeeie a
iaaeao nioe?oio. Ia oe?e i?aenoaa? eoeueoo?o iiaeia aecia/eoe ye
aeooiaii-i?aeoe/iee niin?a naii?aai?caoe?? ethaenueeiai aeeooy,
ni?yiiaaiee ia inieneaiiy (?icoi?iiy), caa?aaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie ethaeeie
e noni?euenoaa ? ae?aaeaiee a ?acoeueoaoao ae?yeueiino?. A?aeaeaath/e
nooi?noue eoeueoo?e o e?ioeaai-ocaaaeueiaiiio nain?, iiiyooy
naiii?aai?caoe?? ia?aaeaa/a? aecia/aiiy ?? oaeiae /a?ac ?io? eaoaai???.
Oae, a aiae?c? ie?aieo noi??i nioe?aeueiiai aoooy, noni?euenoaa caaaeii
iiaeeeaa aeoeaiooaaiiy oaaae ia ae?yeuei?niiio, oe?ii?niiio,
?ioi?iaoe?eiiio oa ?ioeo aniaeoao eoeueoo?e.

Nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e iinoa? iaae?iaeea?aeoaeueiei ooai?aiiyi,
nenoaiith aeooae?ciaaieo iniaeno?nieo nain?a. Nooi?noue eiai iieyaa? a
?i?oe?thaaii? oa caa?aaeaii? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii-iaiiaoi?iiai ?nioaaiiy a
nenoai? aoooy. Eiee eoeueoo?a ? ?iaiaioiei niiniaii aoooy ethaeeie, a
ia? noai?ththoueny oiiae ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. Oea caaacia/o?
aecenoaioe?aeueio nooi?noue nioe?aeueiiai aoooy, a yeiio aeyaey?oueny
aio?iiiaaiiee oa?aeoa? eoeueoo?e ? ieth?aeuei?noue ni?a-aoooy ??
oi?eaeueieo oi?i.

Ae?oaee ia?aa?ao “Ethaenueea ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue a eiioaeno? ci?ie
nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo ia?aaeeai” i?noeoue aiae?c ca’yceo nioe?ieoeueoo?ii?
aeeiai?ee c ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei ?icaeoeii, c’yniaaiiy niaoeeo?ee no/anii?
nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? ia?aaeeaie e ethaenueei? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?, ui ?e
a?aeiia?aea?.

Aaaaoiaei??i?noue ? iaiiaoi?i?noue ?icaeoeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueiinoae a
nioe?aeueiiio aooo? eoeueoo?e ii?iaeaeo? iae?i?eio aeeiai?eo aioo??oi?o
nioe?aeueieo aca?iiae?e. ?o oiea?aioi?noue, ocaiaeaeai?noue ciaoiaeyoue
ae?ac o oi?ioaaii? aeooaeueiiai aaeoi?o (ia?aaeeaie) nioe?aeueiiai ?ooo,
ui neeaaea?oueny ye ?acoeueoao ?ioaa?aoeaii? aca?iiae??
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeeoo?aeo nain?a. Nioe?ieoeueoo?iee iinooi yaey?
niaith ci?io eoeueoo?ieo ia?aaeeai, eiaeia c yeeo a?aeaeaa? niaoeeo?eo
aca?iiae?? ethaeeie oa nioe?aeueiiai aoooy a iayaieo ?noi?e/ieo oiiaao.

O ?a?iiaenueeiio nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio ?icaeoeo iiaeia aeae?eeoe oae?
ia?aaeeaie, ui iine?aeiaii ci?iththoue iaeia iaeio: einiioeaio?e/io
ia?aaeeaio aioe/iino?, o /e?e nenoai? a?aeaoaa?oueny onoaeaiiy iiiyooy
?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?; oaioeaio?e/io na?aaeiueia?/io ia?aaeeaio, eio?a
i?eaiineoue ineoieia?ci, aiioe?ei?noue o ?icoi?iiy nooiino? ethaeeie;
aio?iiioeaio?eci A?ae?iaeaeaiiy, yeee noaa ia?aaeoiiaith oi?ioaaiiy
?aoe?iiae?noe/ii? ia?aaeeaie Iiaiai /ano oa I?ina?oieoeoaa.

C ae?oai? iieiaeie O?O no. a?aeaoaa?oueny caii/aoeoaaiiy iiai?
ia?aaeeaie c a?aeiia?aeiei uiaei ia? oeoia/aiiyi ethaeeie. ??
iniaeeaino? noaee a?eueo i/aaeaeieie o iinoiiaea?i?nonueeeo iiooeao
no/anii? o?einio??. Ca?aeii c iaoeiaith ea?oeiith na?oo
ia?ainieneth?oueny oa?aeoa? aca?iei i?ae ethaeeiith, noni?euenoaii oa
i?e?iaeith. Oeae ca’ycie aecia/a?oueny /a?ac caeaoi?noue ethaeeie
iiiaaeaoe o ?aciiain c caeiiii??iinoyie ?icaeoeo aeiae?eey, i?aaiaiiyi
aei aa?iii?caoe?? noinoie?a c iei, a?aeiiaith a?ae aaniethoecaoe??
neeiaiai aieeao. Aeai? na?oiaeyaei? onoaiiaee na?ae/aoue i?i oi?ioaaiiy
aoiai?oa?ii-ci???ioiaaii? ia?aaeeaie ?icaeoeo ethaenueei? ni?eueiioe, ui
ia? aeaanoe eiai ia ye?nii iiaee ??aaiue — i?aai?/iiai ni?a-aoooy c?
na?oii. Canaaeie/ei i?eioeeiii iiai? ia?aaeeaie noa? iniaeno?noue, i?ae
yeith ie ?icoi??ii caa?aaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie ethaeeie ye i?aai?/iiai
neeaaeieea aoooy. Naia ethaeeia inieneth?oueny ye a?aee?eoa,
aaaaoiaei??ia, aaoiiiiia ?noioa, ui caeaoia aei naii?icaeoeo, o oaeiio
ae (caeaoiiio aei naii?icaeoeo) na?o?. ?icoi?iiy ethaeeie noa?
aecenoaioe?eiei: aiia ? iniaeeaei aeeoo?aei na?oii o iiiaeeiiiio aooo?,
ona?aeiieth? naaa eiai iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith.

Oaeei /eiii, nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e a?aeaeaa? ?iaiaioiee ca’ycie
i?ae eoeueoo?ith oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei aoooyi, noa? nenoaiith ?o
ni?a?icaeoeo.

O ae?oa?e aeaa? “?iaeea?aeoaeueia aeeooy ethaeeie ye oaiiiai
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e” ?ice?eoi ci?no iiiyooy “eoeueoo?a aeeooy
ethaeeie”, i?iaiae?ciaaii iniiai? oi?iiooai?aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii?
eoeueoo?e, ui ni?eythoue noaiiaeaiith noa’?eoeaiino? o eiioaeno? iiai?
nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? ia?aaeeaie.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? “Eoeueoo?iaaiia nooi?noue ethaenueeiai aeeooy”
?icaeyiooi i?iaeaie iniaeno?niiai aeeoo?cae?eniaiiy, yea oyaey?oueny ye
aoooy o eoeueoo??.

Iiiyooy “eoeueoo?a aeeooy ethaeeie” ?ice?eaa? ca’ycie nioe?aeueiiai
aoooy eoeueoo?e c ?? oi?eaeueiith oi?iith — ethaenueeith
noa’?eoeai?noth. Noaiiaeaiiy noa’?eoeaiino? yaey? niaith i?ioean
naiii?aai?caoe?? ethaenueeiai aeeooy o nioe?aeueiiio aooo? eoeueoo?e.

Iniiaith eoeueoo?e aeeooy ethaeeie ? ni?eeoaaiiy, yea iaaea?
aeeoo?cae?eniaiith iie?eia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ni?ey? i?e?iuoaaiith eiai
nainiaiai ci?noo. Aecenoaioe?ei?noue aoooy ethaeeie o eoeueoo?? aecia/a?
iae?i?ei?noue ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo, iiiaeeii?noue oeyo?a oa
niinia?a naiioai?aiiy ethaeeie. I?e oeueiio aen?ieia?/i?noue iiaeeeaeo
aeya?a ethaenueei? aeoeaiino? noa? iii?oiith /a?ac ii?aeue ye nooi?nia
i?aea?oioy eoeueoo?e.

Ae?iaeai? ia i?aenoaa? inieneaiiy niiniae naii?aae?caoe?? ethaeeie
?ioaa?othoueny a iniaeno?nio aeeoo?ao ia?aaeeaio, o ye?e a?aeaeoi
caaaeueia ni?yioaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ?icaeoeo. A eoeueoo?? aeeooy
oi?io?oueny ?iaeea?aeoaeueia eoeueoo?a, ui yaey? noeoiiee
ia?nii?o?eiaaiee eoeueoo?iee aeina?ae ethaeeie.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? “Eoeueoo?a aeeooy ethaeeie ye noa’?eoeai?noue, ui
naii?icaeaa?oueny” iiaeaii aiae?c ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e,
c’yniaothoueny aieiai? /eiieee naii?aai?caoe?? ethaenueeiai aeeooy a
nioe?aeueiiio aooo? eoeueoo?e.

A eiioeaiooaeueiiio aiae?c? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e aeae?ey?oueny
o?eani?noue ethaeeie, aaciina?aaei? iaoa??aeueii-i?aaeiaoia ioi/aiiy,
aeooiaiee ??aaiue. Noaiiaeaiiy noa’?eoeaiino? aecia/a?oueny
?ioaa?aoeaiith aca?iiae??th iniiaieo ??ai?a ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e.

O?eani?noue aenooia? ye aeaea?aei oi?eaeueiino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
aoooy ? o?ainoi?io?oueny o ?icaeiaio noa’?eoeai?noue caaaeyee eoeueoo??.
O oeueiio i?ioean? aaaeeeaith ? i??a nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai iiaeeo?eoaaiiy
a?ieia?/iiai a ethaeei?. Uiiaei/aaeaei?oa aiia aeyaey? naaa /a?ac oi?ie,
niiniae caaeiaieaiiy a?oaeueieo iio?aa (i?aai?/ieo oa ?iaeiaeo), o
noaaeai? ethaeeie aei caei?ia’y ye i?aea?oioy o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e, a
iniaeea?e oi?i? ?ai?acaioaoe?? o?ea — eoeueoo?? ciai?oiueiai aeaeyaeo.
Aeai? oi?iiooai?aiiy ni?eythoue noaiiaeaiith o?eanii? eoeueoo?e
?iaeea?aea.

Aaciina?aaei? iaoa??aeueii-i?aaeiaoia ioi/aiiy ethaeeie o nenoai?
?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e ? ao?eaiiyi ethaenueeeo oe?iiinoae, ii?i,
?aeaae?a, oiaoi nain?a aeeooy. *a?ac i?aaeiaoi?noue oi?io?oueny
oe?e?ni?noue ethaenueeiai aoooy, ?aei?noue aeooiaiiai e iaoa??aeueiiai
ci?noo eoeueoo?e aeeooy. Noai?thth/e i?aaeiaoi?noue nioe?aeueiiai aoooy
/e ?iaey/e ?? ia’?eoii aeanieo iio?aa, ethaeeia i?eeo/a?oueny aei
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ?icia?ooy, io?eio? iiaeeea?noue aeey naii?icaeoeo.

Ia?aiao?e ooieoe?iioaaiiy o?eaniino? ethaeeie oa ??
iaoa??aeueii-i?aaeiaoiiai ioi/aiiy ye eoeueoo?ieo oi?i coiiaeththoueny
aeooiaiei ??aiai. *a?ac iueiai anoaiiaeththoueny ?ioi?iaoe?ei? ca’ycee
i?ae ethaeeiith oa na?oii, iai?aoeueiao?oueny inieneaia noaaeaiiy aei
iueiai, oi?io?oueny caeaoi?noue aei ia?aaeeaaiiy. Eoeueoo?ioai?/a
cia/aiiy i?eoaiaiia oaeei oaiiiaiai aeooiaiino?, ye ethaia ? a??a —
oi?iioai?/ei /eiieeai eoeueoo?e ii/ooo?a, noa’?eoeaii-iniaeno?niiai
na?oia?ae/oooy; ?ioaeaeo, ui ?ioaa?o? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? eiai?oeai?
cae?aiino? (ii/oooy, oyao, ?ioo?oe?th, ieneaiiy) oa aaia?o? naine
eoeueoo?e aeeooy ethaeeie; na?oiaeyae, ui aeeiio? ?ieue iniaeno?nii?
naiina?aeiiino? e a?aeaeaa? nooi?iue ?icaeoeo noa’?eoeaiino?,
ni?yiiaai?noue aaeoi?o aeeoo?aiai aeai?o.

Aeeiai?/ia aca?iiae?y iniiaieo ??ai?a ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e
aeoea?co? oi?eaeueiee i?ioean aeeoo?oai?/ino? ethaeeie a eoeueoo??,
naii?icaeoie ethaeeie ye ?? noa’?eoo. Oaeei /eiii, eoeueoo?a aeeooy
ethaeeie ? i?ioeanii oi?ioaaiiy noa’?eoeaiino?, ui caeaoia aei
naiioai?aiiy oa caa?aaeaiiy i?aai?/iiai ca’yceo c iaaeieeoi?i na?oii.

O o?ao?e aeaa? “I?iaeaie oi?ioaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e a
neoai? aeui? ina?oe” ?ice?eoi ci?no no/anii? ina?oiuei? ia?aaeeaie,
caiae?ciaaii eoeueoo?ioai?/? iiaeeeaino? aoiai?oa?ii? i?aeaioiaee o
oaoi?/iiio aoc?.

O ia?oiio ia?aa?ao? “Aoiai?caoe?y ye ia?aaeeaia
iniaeno?nii-ci???ioiaaii? ina?oe” iaa?oioiao?oueny ia’?eoeaiee oa?aeoa?
ci?i uiaei nenoaie a?o/eciyii? ina?oe, ?ice?eaathoueny iiiyooy
aoiai?caoe?? e aoiai?oa?ecaoe??.

Ca?aeii c nioe?ieoeueoo?ieie ?aae?yie aoiai?caoe?th ?icaeyiooi ye iiao
ia?aaeeaio ina?oe. Iaoa aoiai?caoe?? — noai?aiiy
nioe?aeueii-ci???ioiaaii? nenoaie ina?oe, yea a cae?enithaaea
o?aineyoe?th eoeueoo?e eoeueoo?ieie caniaaie. Iiae?aia oeoia/aiiy
aoiai?caoe?? ? uiiaeoa?aeoa?i?oei aeey aeui? oaoi?/ii? oeiee, eio?a
ci???ioiaaia ia?aaaaeii ia i?aeaioiaeo niaoe?ae?no?a. Ina?oi? coneeey
ne?ae ni?yioaaoe ia noaiiaeaiiy eoeueoo?e ae?ooy nooaeaionoaa, a
nenoai? yei? oi?io?oueny e i?ioan?eia eoeueoo?a.

Aoiai?oa?ecaoe?y aenooia? ye ci?noiaia noi?iia aoiai?caoe??. Iaoith
aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? ? noai?aiiy oiia aeey naii?icaeoeo nooaeaionueei?
iieiae?, aeoea?caoe?? iio?aa uiaei naiiina?oe, naiioai?aiiy /a?ac
ciaiiy.

Niaoeeo?ea ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e, ui oi?io?oueny /a?ac nenoaio
ina?oe, ciaoiaeeoue na?e ae?ac o iiiyoo? ?ioae?aaioiino?. A iueiio
?ice?eaa?oueny ?icaeoie noa’?eoeaiino? i?e i?ia?aei?e ?ie? ciaiiy.
Ina?/ai?noue ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith noaiiaeaiiy ?ioae?aaioiino?,
ine?eueee ia?aaeaa/a? ia eeoa iaieiae?iiy iaoeiaeie ciaiiyie, aea e
oi?iiy canoiniaoaaoe ?o i?e i?aai?caoe?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
aeeoo?oai?aiiy.

O ae?oaiio ia?aa?ao? “Eoeueoo?ioai?/ee iioaioe?ae aoiai?oa?iiai ciaiiy
a oaoi?/iiio aoc?” i?iaiae?ciaaii ci?noiai? eiioeaioe?? aaciaeo
aoiai?oa?ieo eo?n?a c iaoith c’ynoaaiiy ?o eoeueoo?ioai?/eo
iiaeeeainoae.

Ci?no aoiai?oa?ecaoe?? aecia/a? i?eioeei iniaeno?nii-ci???ioiaaiiai
ciaiiy, ui ni?ey? ia?nii?o?eaoe?? ia’?eoeaiiai ci?noo iaoee. ?aae?caoe?y
aeaiiai i?eioeeio ?iaeoue iaiao?aeiei iineeaiiy eoeueoo?ieia?/ieo
aniaeo?a uiaei ci?noo iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i, ia?aaeon?i, aoiai?oa?ieo
ye i?aea?oioy aoiai?caoe?? aeui? oaoi?/ii? ina?oe.

Aeey aiae?co ci?noiaieo eiioeaioe?e aea?aii eo?ne: oe?a?inueei? oa
ca?oa?aeii? eoeueoo?e (yeee c’yniao? ii?iaoeai? ciaiiy i?i eoeueoo?o a
aoc?), o?einio??, aoeee, ?ae?a??ciaanoaa e anoaoeee. ?aae?caoe??
eoeueoo?ioai?/eo iiaeeeainoae o?einionueeeo aeenoeeie?i ni?ey? iineeaiiy
ethaeeiiaei??iiai oa?aeoa?o iaa/aeueii? i?iaeaiaoeee (uiaei cacia/aieo
eo?n?a), c?noaaeaiiy ?? c nioe?ieoeueoo?ieie ?aae?yie, o?aooaaiiy
iiaeeeaino? eiieaiaioa?ii? aca?iiae?? i?ae aaciaeie aoiai?oa?ieie
aeenoeeie?iaie. Ci?ie o ci?noiaieo eiioeaioe?yo iieeeeai? ?i?oe?thaaoe o
nooaeaio?a inieneaiiy aeaniiai aeeooy, ae?iaeoe i?aaiaiiy aei naiiina?oe
ye iaiao?aeii? ia?aaeoiiae oi?ioaaiiy ?ioae?aaioiino?.

Oaeei /eiii, eoeueoo?ioai?/? iiaeeeaino? ina?oe iia’ycai? c oi?ioaaiiyi
eoeueoo?e aeeooy nooaeaionueei? iieiae?. Iniaeno?nii-ci???ioiaaia
iaoeiaa ciaiiy aecia/a? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ?icaeoie nooaeaio?a ye
noa’?eo?a eoeueoo?e.

O aeniiaeao i?noyoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?aee?aneaii ?o oai?aoe/io e i?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue, aecia/aii iiaeeea?
ia?niaeoeae iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee aeaii? oaie.

AENIIAEE

1. Niaoeeo?ea nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e coiiaeaia nooi?noth ?? ye
niiniao aoooy ethaeeie. Eoeueoo?a ? i?iaeiaaeaiiyi i?ioean?a i?e?iaeii?
naiii?aai?caoe?? ia nioe?aeueiiio ??ai?. Ni?eyth/e ?icaeoeo na?aeiiino?
e ae?yeueiino?, eoeueoo?a ?aae?co? nai? iaaaio?ii?eia ni?yioaaiiy /a?ac
ethaenueeo ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?noue. Oaeei /eiii aeyaey?oueny ?iaiaioiee
ca’ycie i?ae eoeueoo?ith oa ethaenueeith nooi?noth, eoeueoo?iaaiiee
oa?aeoa? eueaeneiai aoooy.

2. A nioe?aeueiiio aooo? eoeueoo?e noai?ththoueny oiiae aeey oai?/i?
?aae?caoe?? ?iaeea?aea oa ?icaeoeo nioe?oio caaaeii. Nooi?noue
nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e aecenoaioe?aeueia, i?aai?/ii iia’ycaia c
?iaeea?aeoaeueiei ?nioaaiiyi. I?ecia/aiiy nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e
iieyaa? o caa?aaeaii? a ?? iaae?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oi?iao iniaeno?nieo
nain?a, caaacia/aii? ia?nii?o?eaoe?? ia’?eoeaiaaiiai ci?noo eoeueoo?e.

3. Aca?iica’ycie ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai e nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e
aeyaey?oueny oaeiae o nioe?ieoeueoo?i?e aeeiai?oe?, yea cae?enith?oueny
ye ci?ia ia?aaeeai. I?ae ia?aaeeaiith ?icoi??ii aeooaeueiee aaeoi?
nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo, ui neeaaea?oueny ye ?ioaa?aoeaia aca?iiae?y
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo aeeoo?aeo nain?a ? aecia/a? ia?niaeoeao nioe?aeueiiai
iinooio. *a?ac ci?io nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo ia?aaeeai cae?enith?oueny
?aae?caoe?y nooiino? ethaeeie.

4.No/ania nioe?ieoeueoo?ia ia?aaeeaia ? aoiai?oa?ii-ci???ioiaaiith,
oaeith, ui a?aeaeaa? oe?iiino? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aoooy a i?aai?/i?e
?aeiino? c aeiae?eeyi.Ethaeeia ieneeoueny ye aaaaoiaei??ia, a?aee?eoa ,
aaoiiiiia ?noioa, caeaoia aei naii?icaeoeo a i?ieeaiio na?o?.

5. Niaoeeo?ea cao?aaoaaii? ethaenueei? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?
?ice?eaa?oueny /a?ac iiiyooy “eoeueoo?a aeeooy ethaeeie”. I?aai?/i?noue
aoooy ethaeeie noai?th?oueny aecenoaioe?aeueiei ca oa?aeoa?ii ?icaeoeii
o nioe?aeueiiio aooo? eoeueoo?e. Eoeueoo?ioai?/ei cia/aiiyi aeey
ethaeeie iaae?ey?oueny ona ?icia?ooy aeeooy, ui ia? iniaeno?niee nain.
Noaiiaeaiiy noa’?eoeaiino? ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei i?ioeanii
naiii?aai?caoe?? aeeooy o eoeueoo??.

6. O nenoai? ina?oe oi?ioaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino? iia’ycaii c
aeoea?caoe??th naiiinieneaiiy, naiioai?aiiy /a?ac ciaiiy. O noai?aii?
iniaeno?nii-ci???ioiaaii? nenoaie ina?oe i?ia?aeio ?ieue a?ae?a?a?
ia?nii?o?eiaaia iaoeiaa ciaiiy, ui noai?th? oiiae aeey ooieoe?iioaaiiy
ina?oe ye eoeueoo?ioai?/iai /eiieea.

Aieiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeoi o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Eoeueoo?a eae neia?aaoe/aneee iauaeo // Iaoeiaa i?ciaiiy:
iaoiaeieia?y oa oaoiieia?y.- Iaeana.- 1998.- Aei. 1-2.- N.116-118.

2. Aoiai?caoe?y ina?oe ye i?ioean noaiiaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
?ioae?aaioe?? // A?niee Iaeanueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa.- 1998. —
? 1. — N.101-103.

3. O?einionuee? i?iaeaie aoiai?caoe?? ina?oe // A?niee Iaeanueeiai
?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa. — 1998. — ? 3. — N.89-94.

4. Nioe?ieoeueoo?iee aei?? aeeooy ethaeeie ye nenoaie, ui
naiii?aai?co?oueny // A?niee Iaeanueeiai ?inoeoooo aioo??oi?o ni?aa. —
1998. — ? 4. — N. 93 — 96.

5. Eoeueoo?ieia?/ia ciaiiy ye oaeoi? aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a // Oai??y oa
i?aeoeea aeoiaii? ?iaioe a nooaeaonueeiio eieaeoea?: Iaoa??aee
Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe??. — *.2. — Iaeana: IEOA,
1997. — N. 69-70.

6. Iiaay ia?aaeeaia ia?aciaaiey: nioeeieoeueoo?iay oeaeinoiinoue ciaiey
e ee/iinoe // Oacenu iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee iieiaeuo o/aiuo
“I?iaeaiu acaeiiaeaenoaey aoiaieoa?iiai, anoanoaaiiiiao/iiai e
oaoie/aneiai ciaiey ia nia?aiaiiii yoaia ?acaeoey iaoee. Aoiaieoa?iia
ia?aciaaiea a oaoie/aneii aoca”.- Iaeanna, 1994. — N. 28-29.

Aeiii?eiaa ?.A. Iniaeno?niee nain nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.03 — nioe?aeueia o?einio?y ? o?einio?y
?noi???. I?aaeaiiioe?a?inueeee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. E.Ae.
Ooeinueeiai, Iaeana, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia i?iaeai? ?icaeoeo ?iaeea?aea a
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiio eiioaeno?. A ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi iiiyooy “nioe?aeueia
aoooy eoeueoo?e” oa “eoeueoo?a aeeooy iniaenoino?” c aeei?enoaiiyi
aaciaeo iieiaeaiue ae?aeaeoe/ii? iaoiaeieia?? oa neia?aaoe/iiai
i?aeoiaeo. Aecia/aii, ui iniaeno?niee nain nioe?aeueiiai aoooy eoeueoo?e
coiiaeaiee ?iaiaioiei ca’yceii eoeueoo?e ? nooiino? ethaeeie.
Cai?iiiiiaaii ?icoi?iiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? eoeueoo?e ia i?aea?oio?
iiiyooy “eoeueoo?a aeeooy ethaeeie”. ?icaeyiooi iniiai? i?iaeaie
oi?ioaaiiy noa’?eoeaiino? a nenoai? aeui? ina?oe. Ine?eueee eoeueoo?a
ia?ai?/ii ca’ycaia c ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei ?nioaaiiyi, aeiaiaeeoueny, ui
nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e iaaoaa? aecenoaioe?aeueiiai oa?aeoa?o.
Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeei?enoiaothoueny a oai??? ? i?aeoeoe?
iaa/aiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: nioe?aeueia aoooy eoeueoo?e, noa’?eoeai?noue, eoeueoo?a
aeeooy ethaeeie, iniaeno?niee nain, nioe?ieoeueoo?ia ia?aaeeaia,
naiii?aai?caoe?y, naii?icaeoie, aecenoaioe?y.

Aeiiieeiaa E.A. Ee/iinoiue niune nioeeaeueiiai auoey eoeueoo?u.

— ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.03 — nioeeaeueiay oeeinioey e oeeinioey
enoi?ee. THaeiioe?aeineee iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao
ei.E.Ae.Ooeineiai, Iaeanna, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia ?acaeoey eiaeeaeaea a
nioeeieoeueoo?iii eiioaenoa. A ?aaioa ?anniio?aiu iiiyoey “nioeeaeueiia
auoea eoeueoo?u” e “eoeueoo?a aeecie /aeiaaea” n eniieueciaaieai aaciauo
iieiaeaiee aeeaeaeoe/aneie iaoiaeieiaee e neia?aaoe/aneiai iiaeoiaea.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi ee/iinoiue niune nioeeaeueiiai auoey eoeueoo?u
iaoneiaeai eiiaiaioiie naycueth. eoeueoo?u e nouiinoe /aeiaaea.
I?aaeeiaeaii iiieiaiea eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie eoeueoo?u, ia iniiaa iiiyoey
“eoeueoo?a aeecie /aeiaaea”. ?anniio?aiu iniiaiua i?iaeaiu oi?ie?iaaiey
noauaeoeaiinoe a nenoaia aunoaai ia?aciaaiey. Iineieueeo eoeueoo?a
i?aaie/ii naycaia n eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui nouanoaiaaieai, aeieacuaaaony, /oi
nioeeaeueiia auoea eoeueoo?u ia?aoaao yecenoaioeeaeueiue oa?aeoa?.
Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou ?aaiou eniieuecothony a oai?ee e i?aeoeea iao/aiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: nioeeaeueiia auoea eoeueoo?u, noauaeoeaiinoue,
eoeueoo?a aeecie /aeiaaea, ee/iinoiue niune, nioeeieoeueoo?iay
ia?aaeeaia, naiii?aaiecaoeey, naii?acaeoea, yecenoaioeey.

Donnikova I.A. Personality sense of social being of culture. –
Manuscript.

Dissertation running for competition for Ph.D. Philosophy on speciality
09.00.03 – social philosophy and philosophy of history. SouthUkrainian
K.D. Ushinskij pedagogical university. Odessa, 1999.

The dissertation is dedicated to the problem of a personality
development in social-and-cultural context. The concepts of social being
of culture and culture of person’s life are considered with the using
of principal propositions of dialektical and synergetical methodology.
It is established that the essence of social being of culture depends
on specificity of causation of culture and individual existense. Culture
is a spiritual-practical mode of self-organisation of human life, which
is aimed at the formation and development of social being. The immanent
causation of culture and person is conditioned by opened and
contradictory human nature, which demands the culture as a fundamental
anti-entropy factor. Culture is over-natural pheno-menon, connected with
consciousness’s functioning and it determines the social being’s
development through individual’s formation.

The content of social being of culture is exposed. It is
over-individual, plural system, which formed as realisation of human
being’s senses. The social being of culture involves all forms of being
– nature, person and society as far as they are included into the
cultural context.

The essence of social being finds the existentional nature and
individual-unique traits of its display.

The specificity of social-and-cultural dynamics has been determined. The
social being of culture is a system of objectified personality senses,
the personification of which realises through person’s selective
assimilating of cultural context. Having accumulated plural
perconalities life experience, culture produces the perspectives of
social movement, based on human interests. The social-and-cultural
paradigm is formed as an actual vector for social development.

The peculiarities of modern social-and-cultural paradigm and human
individuality, which conformes to it, are exposed. In the centre of
modern culture is person as an integral part of the world.
Humanity-oriented paradigm demands the individuality, which perfect
expresses the being of person and the world as an integral whole.

The consept of individual culture is proposed on the base of culture of
person’s life. The individual development is considered as being in
culture. The form-builders, which determine the existential causation by
person and culture, initiate the person’s self-creation, play the
leading part in culture of life. Individual formation is explored as
process of display of human subjectivity in cultural existentia. It
means that person creates himself and culture. So, the concept “culture
of person’s life” expresses the integral co-existense of unique cultural
form with social surroundings.

The content of modern educational paradigm is analysed. It’s proved that
system of education is aimed to make more active person’s self-creation
through knowledge. It’s established that individual culture is developed
by means of personal-oriented knowledge. Personification of science
knowledge initiates the students’ world view.

As culture is inseperably linked with individual life, so the social
being of culture assumes an existential character.

The results of the work have found a use in the theory and practice of
education.

Key words: social being of culture, subjectivity, culture of person’s
life, personality sense, social-and-cultural paradigm,
self-organisation, self-development, existentia.

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