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Основні закономірності горіння та газифікації високозольного вугілля в різних модифікаціях киплячого шару: Автореф. дис… д-ра техн. наук / О.Ю. Майс

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8

iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?A?IE

?inoeooo aaco

iaeno?aiei ieaenaiae? th??eiae/

oaee 662.61.747, 66.096.5

Iniiai? caeiiii??iino? ai??iiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? aenieicieueiiai aoa?eey a
??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?yo eeiey/iai oa?o

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.14.04 – I?iieneiaa oaieiaia?aaoeea

aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

ee?a–1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio oeaio?? aoa?eueieo aia?aioaoiieia?e
IAI Oe?a?ie

oa I?iaia?ai Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio –

aeieoi? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e IAI Oe?a?ie,

Ei?/aaie TH??e Iao?iae/, Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee oeaio? aoa?eueieo

aia?aioaoiieia?e IAI Oe?a?ie oa I?iaia?ai Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eaniaa Ethaia Ieaenaiae??aia, Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
Oe?a?ie

“Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo”, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Oaanooo?i TH??e ?aaiiae/, ?inoeooo aaco IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
a?aeae?eo

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

O?aeaa? Ieaenaiae? Aa?aaiiae/, ?inoeooo caaaeueii? aia?aaoeee

IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa –

?inoeooo i?iaeai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy ?i. A.I.I?aeai?iiai IAI Oe?a?ie,

a?aeae?e iiaeaethaaiiy oaieiaeo oa iaoai?/ieo i?ioean?a, i. Oa?e?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny ” 21 ” aeiaoiy 1999?. i 14-00 aiaeei?

Ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.255.01 a ?inoeooo?
aaco IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252113, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aeaaoy??anueea, 39,
oae.456-44-71.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo aaco IAI
Oe?a?ie (252113, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aeaaoy??anueea, 39).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee ” 20 ” aa?aniy 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.E.?eue?iei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Noai i?iaeaie. Oaa?aeiiaeeai? oaieia? aeaeo?inoaioe?? (OAN) Oe?a?ie, ia
yeeo ae?iaey?oueny a?eueoa 25% aeaeo?iaia?a?? e?a?ie, ciaoiaeyoueny o
oyaeeiio noai?, ui coiiaeaii: aeao?oeeoii an?o aeae?a iaeeaa; cieaeaiiyi
yeino? aoa?eey, cieuei?noue yeiai ia nooo iano
(picscalex100010009000003be000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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) c?inea aei 35-38%; iaiao?aei?noth aeei?enoaiiy aeey ai??iiy
aenieicieueiiai aoa?eey (AA) i?e?iaeiiai aaco aai iacooo, /anoea yeeo ii
oaieo neeaaea? 10-35%; iecueeith aoaeoeai?noth niaethaaiiy AA a
oaeaeueieo eioeiaa?aaaoao c cia/ieie aeiiii?/ieie ? aeieia?/ieie
caeoeaie; iaiao?aei?noth ?iaioe aoa?eueieo aia?aiaeie?a i?e ci?iieo
iaaaioaaeaiiyo c aaeeeith e?euee?noth coieiie; o?ce/iei oa ii?aeueiei
ciinii iaeaaeiaiiy OAN, a?eueo?noue c yeiai a?aei?aoethaaei na?e ?ano?n.

Aeo?ae ?c neooaoe??, ui neeaeany, iiaea aooe ciaeaeaii ia oeyoo
?aeiino?oeoe?? OAN c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeo aoa?eueieo aia?aioaoiieia?e,
aei yeeo aeey AA a ia?oo /a?ao ne?ae a?aeianoe iaoiaee ai??iiy ?
aaceo?eaoe?? a ??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?yo eeiey/iai oa?o (EO). ?o iniiaieie
ia?aaaaaie ?: aeniea aoaeoeai?noue ooee?caoe?? aoa?eey ??ciiai nooiaiy
iaoaii?o?cio, a oiio /ene? AA oa aeniein??/enoiai, aac aeei?enoaiiy
i?e?iaeiiai aaco aai iacooo, aeieia?/ia /enoioa oaoiieia?e, iiaeeea?noue
?iaioe iaeaaeiaiiy a iaiaa?iaiio ?aaeei? aac ci?ie oaoiieia?/ieo
iieaciee?a i?ioean?a.

?nioth/? a na?o? oaoiieia?? EO noai?thaaeeny aeey ooee?caoe??
eai`yiiai oa ao?iai aoa?eey na?aaeiuei? cieueiino?
(picscalex100010009000003be000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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 30-35%). Iaoiae?a niaethaaiiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? AA a EO
?ic?iaeaii iaaeinoaoiuei, aea e ?o aoei noai?aii aeey oaa?aeeo iaeea,
ye? a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae aia?aaoe/iiai aoa?eey Oe?a?ie ??aiai
cieueiino? oa ?aaeoe?eiith ni?iiiaei?noth eien?a. Aei oiai ae a?aenooi?e
aiae?c aeioe?eueiino? aeei?enoaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo oaoiieia?e EO aeey
ooee?caoe?? AA, ui no?eio? ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie coiiaeaii iaiao?aei?noth noai?aiiy iiaeo aoa?eueieo
aia?aioaoiieia?e EO, ye? ni?yiiaaii ia oa?i?/io ia?a?iaeo AA, c
iiaeaeueoei ?o aeei?enoaiiyi i?e cai?i? aai ?aeiino?oeoe?? eioaeueiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy OAN Oe?a?ie.

A?eueo?noue a?aeiieo aeine?aeaeaiue ii oa?i?/i?e ia?a?iaoe? AA a EO
iai?aaeaii ia ?ic?iaeo eiino?oeoe?e onoaiiaie. Na?aae ieo aeioe?eueii
aeae?eeoe onoaiiaee iecueeioaiia?aoo?iiai (IEO), aenieioaiia?aoo?iiai
(AEO), oee?eoethth/iai (OeEO) eeiey/eo, oiioaioth/iai (OO),
oee?eoethth/iai aa?ioiioaioth/iai (OeAOO), eeiey/iai i?ae oeneii (EOO)
oa oee?eoethth/iai eeiey/iai i?ae oeneii (OeEOO) oa??a. A iaoa??aeao
oeeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ye i?aaeei, a?aenooi? aeai? ii aieeao cieueiino?,
nooiaiy iaoaii?o?cio, ai?noo n??ee, ?aaeeiieo ia?aiao??a ia oiiae
eiiaa?n?? aoa?eey, a oaeiae ia iaaeaii ?ioi?iaoe?? c aoaeoeaiino? oa
aeieia?/ii? /enoioe i?ioean?a niaethaaiiy ? aaceo?eaoe?? AA, ui ia
aeicaiey? ?ic?iaeoe oaoiieia?? aeey ?o ooee?caoe??.

Oe? ianoaaeie i?aee?aneththoue iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy iaoiae?a
oa?i?/ii? ia?a?iaee AA Oe?a?ie a EO. Caoiaee ii ?o ?ic?iaoe? iiaeii?
aeeth/aoe a naaa: noai?aiiy onoaiiaie aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a
eiiaa?n?? aoa?eey a EO; i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ?c e?iaoeee oa
aeeiai?ee aca?iiae?? aoa?eey oa eiai eien?a c NI2 ? I2, oaoiieia?/ieo
aenia?eiaio?a ii niaethaaiith oa aaceo?eaoe?? AA a ??cieo
iiaeeo?eaoe?yo EO; ?ic?iaeo ?iaeaia?ieo iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo aeaiaio?a
onoaiiaie, oaoiieia?/ieo noai i?ioean?a ai??iiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii aeei?enoaiith iaoiae?a oa?i?/ii? ia?a?iaee AA a EO ia
OAN. Aeuaiacaai? ?iaioe ? neeaee iniiao aeena?oaoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oai?aoe/i? oa
i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, ye? i?aaenoaaeai? a aeena?oaoe??, io?eiaii
aaoi?ii i?e i?iaaaeaii? a Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiio oeaio?? aoa?eueieo
aia?aioaoiieia?e IAI oa I?iaia?ai Oe?a?ie (IOOeAA) athaeaeaoieo
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o: “Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a ia?a?iaee aoa?eey
oa ?ic?iaea aia?aaoe/ieo onoaiiaie aenieioaiia?aoo?ii? aaceo?eaoe?? oa
niaethaaiiy aoa?eey” (??oaiiy Ath?i AOOIA AI O?N?, i?ioieie ?7 a?ae
3 a?oaeiy 1989 ?ieo), “Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiae?a aaceo?eaoe?? oa
niaethaaiiy aia?aaoe/iiai oa caaaeainiaiai aoa?eey a iioioe? oa
eeiey/iio oa?? i?ae oeneii c iaoith ?ic?iaee oaoi?/iiai caaaeaiiy ia
noai?aiiy aeine?aeii-i?iieneiaeo ia?iaaciaeo onoaiiaie ia oaa?aeiio
iaeea?” (??oaiiy Ath?i AOOIA IAI Oe?a?ie, i?ioieie ? 2 a?ae 8 ethoiai
1994 ?ieo), a oaeiae i?e aeeiiaii? aeiaiai??a c I?iaia?ai Oe?a?ie, ye?
i?iaaaeaii ca?aeii Iaeac?a I?i?no?a aia?aaoeee oa aeaeo?eo?eaoe??
Oe?a?ie ? 116 a?ae 3 na?iiy 1993 ?ieo “I?i ?ic?iaeo i?ia?aneaieo
oaoiieia?e aeei?enoaiiy aoa?eey a aia?aaoeoe?” oa ? 234 a?ae 13 a?oaeiy
1995 ?ieo ”I?i nii?oaeaeaiiy aeaiiino?aoe?eii? onoaiiaee aeey
niaethaaiiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? aoa?eey i?ae oeneii”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? aecia/aiiy iniiaieo
caeiiii??iinoae ai??iiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? aenieicieueiiai aoa?eey a ??cieo
iiaeeo?eaoe?yo eeiey/iai oa?o, c ciaoiaeaeaiiyi e?iaoe/ieo ?
oaoiieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioean?a eiai eiiaa?n?? oa ?ic?iaeith
iaoiae?a aeei?enoaiiy AA a aia?aaoeoe?.

I?e aeeiiaii? aeena?oaoe?? iinoaaeaii ianooii? caaea/?:

– noai?aiiy eaai?aoi?ieo, aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueieo oa i?eioieo
onoaiiaie aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioean?a eiiaa?n?? oaa?aeiai iaeeaa a
??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?yo EO, ?ic?iaea aeey ieo iaoiaeee i?iaaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue, noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee oa aiae?co io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a;

– aeine?aeaeaiiy e?iaoeee aca?iiae?? AA oa eiai eien?a c NI2 oa I2 a
EOO c aecia/aiiyi aieeao nooiaiy iaoaii?o?cio, ii?enoi? no?oeoo?e
aoa?eey, eiioeaio?aoe?? aaco-?aaaaioo ia oa?aeoa? oa oaeaee?noue
eiiaa?n?? eien?a;

– aecia/aiiy ?aaeei?a eiiaa?n?? oa e?iaoe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee aca?iiae??
AA oa eiai eien?a c NI2 oa I2 a EOO, a oiio /ene? eiinoaio aeaiaioa?ieo
noaae?e ?aaeoe?? N+NI2 a iaaeeaeaii? Eaiaith?a-O?ioaeueaoaea;

– aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee ai??iiy AA a EOO c aecia/aiiyi oaiia?aoo?
eiai naiicaeiaiiy oa /ano aeai?aiiy;

– aecia/aiiy oaoiieia?/ieo ? aeieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, iioeiaeueieo
oiia oa iniiaieo caeiiii??iinoae ai??iiy ? aaceo?eaoe?? AA Oe?a?ie a EO;

– aaeaioaoe?y ?nioth/eo OeEO-oaoiieia?e aei AA Oe?a?ie;

– ?ic?iaea ?iaeaia?ieo iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo aeaiaio?a onoaiiaie OeEO oa
OeEOO;

– ?ic?iaea oaoiieia?/ieo noai i?ioean?a niaethaaiiy oa aaceo?eaoe??
aoa?eey a EOO ? OeEOO aeey aeaiiino?aoe?eii? onoaiiaee OeEO-1.0;

– ?ic?iaea ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii aeei?enoaiith oaoiieia?e EO aeey
niaethaaiiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? AA Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

– aia?oa ciaeaeaii e?iaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aca?iiae?? AA Oe?a?ie oa
eiai eien?a c NI2 oa I2 a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ci?ie cieueiino?, nooiaiy
iaoaii?o?cio oaa?aeiai iaeeaa, ia?oe?aeueiiai oeneo aaco-?aaaaioo aeey
aioo??oiueie?iaoe/iiai oa aioo??oiueiaeeooc?eiiai ?aaeei?a ?aaaoaaiiy,
i?e oeueiio iieacaii, ui cieaeaiiy ??aiy iaoaii?o?cio aoa?eey aaaea aei
ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? eiiaa?n?? eiai eien?a, ui ciaoiaeeoue nai?
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ciaioaii? aia?a?? aeoeaaoe??, a aeey ?aaeoe?? N+I2 ? a
ca?eueoaii? eiinoaioe oaeaeeino? (iaaeeaeaiiy A??ai?ona);

– iieacaii, ui o aioo??oiueiaeeooc?eiiio ?aaeei? ?aaaoaaiiy
a?aeaoaa?oueny aeoeniaiiy ?aaeoe?e N+NI2 oa N+I2 ia iiaa?oith iaci-,
iae?iii? oa eiioo?io iiaa?oith /anoie, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei noaoe?iia?iiai
oa?aeoa?o aca?iiae?? eien?a a iaeneioi? oaeaeeino? ?o eiiaa?n??, aei
oiai ae aia?oa ciaeaeaii, ui i?e aca?iiae?? eien?a AA c NI2 oa eien?a
aio?aoeeoiaiai ooeao (AO) ? aeiiaoeueeiai i?niiai aoa?eey (AeI) c I2
niinoa??aa?oueny noaoe?iia?ia oaeaee?noue ?aaeoe?? ii a?aeiioaiith aei
iioi/ii? iane aoaeaoeth, a i?e eiiaa?n?? eien?a eai`yiiai oa ao?iai
aoa?eey c I2 – aei eiai ii/aoeiai? iane;

– aia?oa ciaeaeaii eiinoaioe aeaiaioa?ieo noaae?e ?aaeoe?? N+NI2 a
iaaeeaeaii? Eaiaith?a-O?ioaeueaoaea i?e aca?iiae?? eien?a AA c
aoaeaeeneei aacii a EOO, i?e oeueiio iieacaii, ui c? ca?eueoaiiyi
eiioeaio?aoe?? NI niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy oaeaeeino? ?o eiiaa?n?? a
NI2, a eiinoaioe aacioacieo noaae?e ?aaeoe?? ia caeaaeaoue a?ae
nooiaith iaoaii?o?cio oaa?aeiai iaeeaa ? ? oi?aa?naeueieie;

– ciaeaeaii oaoiieia?/i? oa aeieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee niaethaaiiy AA
Oe?a?ie a IEO, OO, OeAOO oa OeEO; i?e oeueiio aeey i?ioean?a ai??iiy a
OeEO aia?oa iieacaii, ui c? ca?eueoaiiyi nooiaiy iaoaii?o?cio oaa?aeiai
iaeeaa c?inoathoue iioeiaeuei? oaiia?aoo?e niaethaaiiy aoa?eey oa
ca`ycoaaiiy ieneae?a n??ee, /anoea ia?aeiiiai iia?o?y a aeooo?,
ciaioo?oueny ?ioaa?aeueia nooi?iue eiiaa?n?? aoa?eey oa ae?aiacii
?aaoethaaiiy iiooaeiino? onoaiiaie;

– aia?oa iieacaii, ui o aeiaaeeo niaethaaiiy AO ? AeI a OeEO i?e
ciaioaii? oaiia?aoo?e eienicieueiiai caeeoeo (ECC), yeee iiaa?oa?oueny a
oiieo, niinoa??aa?oueny iia??oaiiy ?aaeei?a ?o ai??iiy, ui i?eaiaeeoue
aei ca?eueoaiiy aeo?ao aoaeaoeth a aeiii?e oa eaoe?e cie?;

– aia?oa ciaeaeaii, ui i?e niaethaaii? aeniein??/enoiai aoa?eey a OeEO o
aeiaaeeo ca?eueoaiiy /anoee aaiiyeo, yeee iiaea?oueny a oiieo, ii?yae c?
ciaioaiiyi aeeeae?a ieneae?a n??ee (SOo) niinoa??aa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy
aeeeae?a ieneae?a acioo (NOx), i?e oeueiio aecia/aii iioeiaeuei?
a?aeiioaiiy eaeueoe?e:n??ea (Na/S), ye? caaacia/othoue i?i?i?caoe?th
aeeeae?a SOo oa NOx iaeii?aciai;

– iieacaii, ui aeei?enoaiiy iia?o?yii? aaceo?eaoe?? a IEO oa OeEO
aeioe?eueii i?e eiiaa?n?? aenieicieueiiai eai`yiiai oa ao?iai aoa?eey
Oe?a?ie, aeey yeeo aia?oa ciaeaeaii iioeiaeuei? oaoiieia?/i? oa
aeieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ioean?a aaceo?eaoe??, a?aei?/aii, ui ??
canoinoaaiiy aeey oa?i?/ii? ia?a?iaee AO oa AeI ia aoaeoeaii a ca`yceo c
iecueeeie iieacieeaie oaieioe cai?aiiy neioac-aaco, o?i?/iiai
eiao?oe??ioo ei?enii? ae?? ? nooiaiy eiiaa?n?? aoaeaoeth a eaoe?e cie?;

– ?ic?iaeaii iia? oaoiieia?/i? noaie i?ioean?a aaceo?eaoe?? oa
niaethaaiiy AA a EOO oa OeEOO aeey aeaiiino?aoe?eii? onoaiiaee OeEO-1.0,
ye? a?ae??ciythoueny i?aai?caoe??th aeainooiaiaai? oa?i?/ii? ia?a?iaee
oaa?aeiai iaeeaa (i??ie?c-aaceo?eaoe?y, i??ie?c-niaethaaiiy), a oaeiae
?aae?caoe??th, i?e iaiao?aeiino?, ?icae?eueii? iiaea/? aoa?eey (ae??aii?
o?aeoe?? – a o?aeo ?aoee?eoeyoe??, a a?oai? – a ?aaeoi?).

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

– ciaeaeai? a ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaio?a e?iaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
aca?iiae?? AA oa eiai eien?a c NI2 ? I2 aeei?enoaii a ?ic?aooieao
i?ioean?a ai??iiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? i?e i?iaeooaaii? aia?aaoe/ieo
OeEO-eioeiaa?aaao?a oa aeaiiino?aoe?eieo onoaiiaie c ?aaeoi?aie EOO ?
OeEOO;

– ciaeaeaii oaiia?aoo?e naiicaeiaiiy oa /an aeai?aiiy AA a IEO ? EOO, a
oaeiae ?o caeaaei?noue a?ae ?ici??o /anoie, cieueiino?, nooiaiy
iaoaii?o?cio aoa?eey oa ia?oe?aeueiiai oeneo eenith;

– aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaii iiaeeea?noue oni?oii? ooee?caoe?? AA a
??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?yo EO aac aeei?enoaiiy i?e?iaeiiai aaco aai iacooo
aeey eiai niaethaaiiy ? aaceo?eaoe?? ?c caaacia/aiiyi aeniei?
aoaeoeaiino? oa aeieia?/ii? /enoioe;

– aeeiiaii aaeaioaoe?th ?nioth/eo OeEO-oaoiieia?e aei AA Oe?a?ie,
?acoeueoaoe ?ia?o canoiniaaii i?e i?iaeooaaii? aia?aaoe/ieo
OeEO-eioeiaa?aaao?a;

– ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?i? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo aenioe oiiie oa ae?aiao?o
oeeeeii?a OeEO-eioeiaa?aaao?a, ye? aeei?enoaii i?e noai?aii? ?iai/eo
i?iaeo?a OeEO-ia?iaaia?aoi??a aeey OAN Oe?a?ie;

– ?ic?iaeaii aeo?aei? aeai? aeey noai?aiiy ia?aaeoiie?a-caiaethaa/?a OO
noiniaii aei ieeiaoa?eueieo iaeueiee?a oaeaeueiiai eioeiaa?aaaoo OI-100
? oaoi?/ia caaaeaiiy (OC) aeey i?iaeooaaiiy aeaiiino?aoe?eii? onoaiiaee
OeEO-1.0;

– ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeei?enoaiith oaoiieia?e EO aeey
oa?i?/ii? ia?a?iaee AA, ye? aecia/athoue i??i?eoaoi?noue oeo /e ?ioeo
iaoiae?a aeey ooee?caoe?? oaa?aeiai iaeeaa caaeaii? cieueiino? oa
nooiaiy iaoaii?o?cio;

– iaa?oioiaaii aeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiae?a
niaethaaiiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? oaa?aeeo iaeea a EO ia OAN ye i?e iiaiio
aoae?aieoeoa?, oae ? i?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? ae?th/eo aia?aiaeie?a.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aaoi?a aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe?: eioaeueiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii ?aeiino?oeoe?? aeey Noa?iaao?anueei?,
Eoaainueei? oa Ie?ii?anueei? OAN (aeuaiacaai? noaioe??, o??ie
“Eo?a?-Eaioue?n” (I?ia//eia), “?aoaei” (Iieueua), Oaaea?aeueiee
aia?aioaoiieia?/iee oeaio? NOA (OAOOe), Aeaia?oaiaio aia?aaoeee (NOA);
oaoi?/ieo oa ?iai/eo i?iaeo?a OeEO-eioeiaa?aaao?a (Oa?e?anueea
oeaio?aeueia eiino?oeoi?nueea ath?i I?iaia?ai Oe?a?ie (OOeEA)); ?iai/eo
i?iaeo?a aeaiiino?aoe?eieo onoaiiaie EOO oa OeEOO (AeEA “I?aaeaiia”
(i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee), Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo oaieiaia?aaoeee
I?iaia?ai Oe?a?ie (i.Ai?e?aea) (IAe?OA)).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a iioae?eiaai? iaoeia? i?aoe? iieyaa? a:
aiae?c? noaio aia?aaoeee; i?aeaioiaoe? iaeyae?a c niaethaaiiy oa
aaceo?eaoe?? aoa?eey a OeEO oa EOO; iienaii? eiino?oeoe?e aeine?aeieo
onoaiiaie, ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a ia ieo, aiae?c? io?eiaieo aeaieo,
iaienaii? oaeno?a noaoae oa aeniiae?a ii ?acoeueoaoai e?iaoe/ieo oa
oaoiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue; ia?iaoe? aeaieo aenia?eiaio?a, o/ano? a
iaienaii? ?icae?e?a oa aeniiae?a a noaooyo, ye? iioae?eiaaii ca
ei?aeiiii; iien? oaoiieia?/ieo noai onoaiiaee OeEO-1.0; o/ano? a
neeaaeaii? nenoai ??aiyiue, aiae?c? oa iaaiai?aii? ?acoeueoao?a
?ic?aooie?a a noaooyo c iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
oa ?ic?iaie aaoi?a iaaiai?thaaeeny ia 26 i?aeia?iaeieo oa
?anioae?eainueeeo eiioa?aioe?yo ? nai?ia?ao, na?aae ieo: I?aeia?iaeiee
oi?oi “Oaieiianiiai?i-92” (I?inuee, (A?ei?on?y), 1992); Ia?oee
(Oaeuen?ie? (O?ieyiae?y), 1993), O?ao?e (Oe?e (Iieueua), 1995),
*aoaa?oee (AEaiaaa (Oaaeoea??y), 1996) neiiic?oie aenia?o?a III ii
/enoei aoa?eueiei oaoiieia?yi; nai?ia? “?ic?iaea iiaeo aoa?eueieo
oaoiieia?e aeey iio?aa aia?aaoeee” (Ee?a, 1994); I?aeia?iaei?
aia?aaoe/i? oi?oie “Power-Gen’95 Americas” (Aiaoaei (NOA), 1995),
“Power-Gen’96 Europe” (Aoaeaiaoo (Oai?ueia), 1996), “Power-Gen’98
International” (I?eaiaei (NOA), 1998); Oe?a?inueei-i?iaoeueeee nai?ia?
“Iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua oa aia?aaoeea” (Ee?a, 1995); I’yoa i?aeia?iaeia
eiioa?aioe?y ii OeEO (Iae?i (Eeoae), 1996); Ia?oa aia?eeaii-oe?a?inueea
eiioa?aioe?y “Caoeno aoiinoa?iiai iia?o?y a?ae aeeeae?a OAN” (Ee?a,
1996); *ioe?iaaeoeyoa i?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y ii ai??iith a EO
(Aaieoaa? (Eaiaaea), 1997); Oe?a?inueei-i?iaoeueeee neiiic?oi “I?iaeaie
oa ia?niaeoeae ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa oaoi?/iiai ia?ainiauaiiy OAN Oe?a?ie”
(Ee?a, 1997); nai?ia? “No?aoaa?/i? iai?yiee ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo
oaoiieia?e i?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa iiaea?i?caoe?? OAN” (Ee?a, 1997);
Oe?a?inueei-aia?eeainueea ia’?aeiaia eiioa?aioe?y “Iiaeeeaino?
iiaea?i?caoe?? oe?a?inueeeo aoa?eueieo aeaeo?inoaioe?e” (Ee?a, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii a 82 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo, na?aae yeeo: 25 noaoae a oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao Oe?a?ie (6
?c ieo aac ni?aaaoi??a), 5 noaoae a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao e?a?i NIAe, 2
noaoo? a ca??eao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 31 noaooy a ca??eao i?aoeue
i?aeia?iaeieo oa ?anioae?eainueeeo eiioa?aioe?e, 1 noaooy aeaiiiiaaia, 7
i?ai?eio?a, 5 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa, 6 oac aeiiia?aeae ia
eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
oanoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoe?a.
?? caaaeueiee ianya 469 noi??iie. C ieo ia 289 noi??ieao ciaoiaeeoueny
iniiaiee oaeno, ia 126 ie?aieo noi??ieao – 93 iaethiee oa 72 oaaeeoe?,
ia 28 noi??ieao – nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 286 iaeiaioaaiue, ia
26 noi??ieao – 15 aeiaeaoe?a.

Iniiaiee ci?no

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoo oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
?iaioe, i?aaenoaaeaii a?aeiiino? i?i ?aae?caoe?th iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a, ai?iaaoe??, ioae?eaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? aiae?co neooaoe?? a aia?aaoeoe? Oe?a?ie
?icaeyiooi oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy oaa?aeiai iaeeaa
ia aeaeo?inoaioe?yo. Iieacaii, ui aoa?eey, yea iinoaaey?oueny ia OAN, a
iniiaiiio ? aenieicieueiei ? aeey eiai oa?i?/ii? ia?a?iaee aeioe?eueii
canoiniaoaaoe oaoiieia?? EO, a ca’yceo c /ei aeeiiaii iaeyae iaoiae?a
niaethaaiiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? oaa?aeiai iaeeaa a ??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?yo EO
oa iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ?o ?ic?iaee aeey AA Oe?a?ie.
I?aee?aneaii, ui oaeo ?iaioo ia iiaea aooe cae?eniaii aac i?iaaaeaiiy
e?iaoe/ieo oa oaoiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioean?a eiiaa?n?? aoa?eey a
EO c aeei?enoaiiyi io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?e ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?e oa
noai?aii? iiaiai aia?aaoe/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Aiae?c aaeainiaeo caian?a oaa?aeiai iaeeaa a Oe?a?i? (52,5 ie?ae.o)
iieaco?, ui i?e ??aiyo eiai aeaeiaooeo a 100-110 iei.o ia ??e ?nioth/eo
caian?a aenoa/eoue ia 470-520 ?ie?a. Aeaiee oaeo aeicaiey? ?icaeyaeaoe
aoa?eey, ye aieiaiee i?noeaaee aia?aiiin?e i?aai?/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy. A
oie aea /an ye?noue oaa?aeiai iaeeaa, ui iinoa/a?oueny ia OAN, ia
a?aeiia?aea? ?ic?aooieiaei aeiiaai. A a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a eiai
cieuei?noue ia ?iai/o iano
(picscalex100010009000003be000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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) neeaaea? 32-35%
(picscalex100010009000003be000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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 35-38%), a ieae/a oaieioa cai?aiiy –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=
17-19 IAeae/ea. A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui aia?aaoe/i? eioeiaa?aaaoe ?ic?aoiaaii
ia aeei?enoaiiy aoa?eey c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=
24-27 IAeae/ea, i?e oa?i?/i?e ia?a?iaoe? a ieo iaeea c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  3.0% aeey ?ic?aooieo i?ioean?a eiiaa?n?? cai?noue
iaaeeaeaiiy A??ai?ona aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaaeeaeaiiy
Eaiaith?a-O?ioaeueaoaea.

Oaaeeoey 2 –Eiinoaioe aeaiaioa?ieo noaae?e ?aaeoe?? N+NI2 i?e eiiaa?n??
eien?a AA a EOO (iaaeeaeaiiy Eaiaith?a-O?ioaeueaoaea,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1.0-37.5ea/i3,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0.1-1.91IIa, E20=0.61 IIa-1,
E30=4.6510-3IIa-1,picscalex100010009000003d60000000200170000000000050000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 =
 -27 eAeae/iieue,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-88 eAeae/iieue)

E?iaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeeeOei aoa?eeyAOANOAeAeE-A(A)E1010-6,
(IIan)-11.763.833.655.11A1, eAeae/iieue215187186191Ia iae.11 iieacaii
caeaaei?noue oaiia?aoo?e naiicaeiaiiy AO, ANO oa ?o noi?o? c
ciai?oiueith cieith a EOO a?ae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. Aeaeii, ui c? ca?eueoaiiyi nooiaiy
iaoaii?o?cio aoa?eey oa c?inoaiiyi oeneo a ?aaeoi?? niinoa??aa?oueny
ciaioaiiy Onc.

Ca?eueoaiiy Onc c ?inoii A1d niinoa??aa?oueny i?e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 60 % aeey AA ?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 80 % aeey noi?o? aoa?eey c cieith. Oea
iiynith?oueny a?aenooi?noth aieeao ciai?oiuei? ciee ia Wo.

Ia iae.12 iieacaii oa?iia?aie aeai?aiiy aeene?aoieo iaaaaeie AO i?e
ci?i? oeneo a ?aaeoi?? EOO. Aeaeii, ui ?c ?inoii oa ciaioaiiyi ?i
a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy a. I?e aecia/aii?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?eiaioa
euei? aeai? ia?iaeyeeny ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee e?iaoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?c aeei?enoaiiyi oi?ioee 5. Aeey inoaiiueiai aeiaaeeo
ciaeaeaii cia/aiiy A ? n, ye? i?aaenoaaeai? a oaae.3. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue iieacothoue, ui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 a EOO a
cia/i?e i??? aecia/a?oueny ?aaeoe?eiith ni?iiiaei?noth eien?a. Io?eiaii
aa?iee ca?a ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a a c aeaieie aenia?eiaio?a.

Oaaeeoey 3–Iieacieee aeey ?ic?aooieo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 a EOO ii oi?ioe?
5 (?i 1.98 IIa)

IieacieeeOei aoa?eey (=0.4-0.6 ii)AOAO

(=1.0-1.6 ii)AeIANOANO

(=1.0-1.6 ii)AeAeE-A(A)A,
n170-180275-28585-8858-6083-8553-5548-50n0.450.450.350.300.300.300.30
Iniiai? caeiiii??iino? eiiaa?n?? eien?a AA a EOO ia?ae?/aii o aeniiaeao.

Ciaeaeai? aaoi?ii e?iaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aca?iiae?? eien?a AA c NI2 ?
I2 a EOO aeei?enoaii AeEA “I?aaeaiia”, OOeEA, IAe?OA oa o??iith
“Eo?a?-Eaioue?n-Aaaeie” i?e ?ic?aooieao i?ioean?a ai??iiy oa
aaceo?eaoe?? aoa?eey a OeEO, EOO ? OeEOO.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeaii iaoa??aee ii aeeiai?oe? ai??iiy AO,
ANO oa E-A(A) a IEO ? OO; iienaii ?acoeueoaoe oaoiieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ii niaethaaiith AA a IEO, OO, OeAOO oa OeEO ?
aeniein??/enoiai aoa?eey a OeEO, ?iaioe ii aaeaioaoe?? a?aeiieo
OeEO-oaoiieia?e aei aia?aaoe/iiai aoa?eey Oe?a?ie; aecia/aii iniiai?
caeiiii??iino? oa iniaeeaino? ai??iiy AA a ??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?yo EO.

A aenia?eiaioao i?e?iaeiee aac aeei?enoaii o?eueee aeey ?iciaeo
onoaiiaie.

Iaoa??aee ii caeaaeiino? Onc AO, ANO ? E-A(A) a?ae
picscalex100010009000003be0000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400
000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500
00000b0200000000050000000c02c00280021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000
0000c0ffffffbcffffff400200007c0200000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065
0000600017000000fb02c0fe0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e65
7720526f6d616e2043797200cc69040000002d01000008000000320a37019d0101000000
640008000000320a7002840101000000310017000000fb0240fe00000000000090010000
00cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc69040000002d010100
04000000f001000008000000320a00023b000100000041000a00000026060f000a00ffff
ffff01000000000010000000fb021400090000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374
656d00cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000000000000000020100ff
ffff00000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000000
0000000000000000000000000000a IEO iieacothoue, ui, ye ? a EOO,
oaiia?aoo?a naiicaeiaiiy ia caeaaeeoue a?ae cieueiino? aei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 60-70%, a iio?i c?inoa? c ?? ca?eueoaiiyi.
I?e oeueiio io?eiaii ne?aeoth/e cia/aiiy Onc
(picscalex100010009000003be000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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 0.9700.94-0.96 0.9750.95-0.97 0.9800.96-0.98 0.9800.96-0.98 0.9800.95-0.98 0.9850.97-0.98 0.9400.90-0.92 0.9550.91-0.94 0.9700.94-0.960.91, NOx140 ia/ii3)ANO40,20.812.101203810>
0.945.823.98ANO40,22.501.6212031920> 0.975.979.44

niaethaaiiy a OeEOO
(picscalex100010009000003be000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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16.4-20.4 IAeae/ea, Na/S=1.8,
>0.94, NOx150 ia/ii3)AO42.80.812.061173320>
0.985–1.64AO42.81.201.931173445> 0.985–2.27AO35.11.201.501173281>
0.985–1.60AO42.82.501.621173775> 0.990–3.96ANO40.01.201.501173350>
0.990–1.59

i??ie?c-niaethaaiiy a OeEOO
(picscalex100010009000003be000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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16.4-20.4 IAeae/ea, NOx150
ia/ii3)AO35.11.201.501173300> 0.985–1.70AeI35.11.201.501173320>
0.99–1.78ANO40.01.201.501173410> 0.99–1.86 Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
?ic?aooie?a iieaco?, ui o aeiaaeeo eiiaa?n?? ANO a ?aaeei?
i??ie?c-aaceo?eaoe?y ii a?aeiioaiith aei eiai aaceo?eaoe?? a OeEOO iiaea
aooe aeinyaiooi ca?eueoaiiy iiooaeiino? onoaiiaee OeEO-1.0 a
1.15-1.25 ?ace i?e ?= 0.81 IIa ? a 1.03-1.05 ?ace i?e ?= 2.5 IIa.
Inoaii? iiynith?oueny cieaeaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? i??ie?co a cae?eoeo
nenoaiao c ?inoii oeneo ? iaa?oioiao? ia?niaeoeai?noue i?ioeano
i??ie?c-aaceo?eaoe?y aeey ooee?caoe?? eai’yiiai oa ao?iai aoa?eey i?e ?
0.81 IIa. I?e ?> 1.2 IIa aeey aeaieo iaeea aeioe?eueii canoiniaoaaoe
aaceo?eaoe?th a EOO ? OeEOO.

A ?aaeei? i??ie?c-niaethaaiiy ii a?aeiioaiith aei niaethaaiiy a AA
OeEOO i?e ?=1.2IIa aeinyaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy iiooaeiino? onoaiiaee a
1.06 ?ace aeey AO ? a 1.17 ?ace –aeey ANO. Oea iiynith?oueny ??ciith
aoaeoeai?noth ?o i??ie?co ? aeicaiey? ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeaio noaio aeey
ooee?caoe?? eai’yiiai oa ao?iai aoa?eey. Ui noino?oueny niaethaaiiy a
OeEOO, oi aiii aeioe?eueii aeey anueiai AA ?, a ia?oo /a?ao, aeey AO oa
AeI.

?iaioe ii iaoaiaoe/iiio iiaeaethaaiith i?iaiaeeeeny aeey noai?aiiy
iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo i?ioean?a ai??iiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? aoa?eey a OeEO ?
OeEOO oa iiaeaethaaiiy eiiaa?n?? iaeeii/ieo eieniaeo /anoie. O ia?oiio
aeiaaeeo aeei?enoiaoaaany ciiiee iaoiae ?ic?aooieo, aea ie?aii
?icaeyaeaeenue: eeiey/ee oa?, iaaeoa?iaee i?ino??, oeeeeii, i??ie?ca? ?
o?aeo ?aoee?eoeyoe??. Aieiaio oaaao aoei i?eae?eaii iaaeoa?iaiio
i?inoi?o ?aaeoi?a, aeey yeiai iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue iiaoaeiaaii ia ??ai?
iaoai?ee nooe?eueieo na?aaeiaeu. Aiia i?aaenoaaey? niaith nenoaio
iaeiii??ieo aeeoa?aioe?eieo ??aiyiue ia?aiino iane, ?iioeueno ? aia?a??.
O ae?oaiio aeiaaeeo iaoiae ?ic?aooieo a?aoiao? aoaeoeaio aeeooc?th,
oaieii?ia?aei?noue, aaoa?iaaii? o?i?/i? ?aaeoe?? aca?iiae?? eien?a c NI2
oa I2 a ?aieao eaac?aiiiaaii? iiaeae? ii?iaiai i?inoi?o. Aaoi? i?eeiaa
o/anoue o neeaaeaii? nenoai ??aiyiue, iaaiai?aii? oa aiae?c?
?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a, ye? aeei?enoaii i?e i?aeaioiaoe? OC
aeaiiino?aoe?eii? onoaiiaee OeEO-1.0.

I?e niaethaaii? iecueei?aaeoe?eieo iaeea a OeEO ia caaaeaee
caaacia/o?oueny ia-iao?aeiee /an ia?aaoaaiiy iaeeaieo /anoie a oiioe? ?
iio??aia nooi?iue ?aoee?eoeyoe?? ECC, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy Oe.
Aeey onoiaiiy aeaiiai iaaeie?eo aaoi?ii ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?i? iaoiaee
?ic?aooieo aenioe oiiee ? ae?aiao?o oeeeeii?a eioe?a OeEO.

Iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo aenioe oiiee iiaoaeiaaii ia iniia? i?eiouaiiy, ui
/anoee, aoaeoeai?noue oeiaethaaiiy yeeo a oeeeeii? neeaaea? 50%, iiaeii?
cai?aoe ca iaeei i?io?ae. I?e oeueiio ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeeee
aecia/aiiy /ano aeai?aiiy c o?aooaaiiyi Ur oa On ciaoiaeeoueny oeyo, ia
yeiio /anoee iiaeooue aeai??oe aei O= 0.9 (I?). Aaee/eia I? i?eeia?oueny
ca i?i?iaeueio aenioo oiiee. Aeuaiienaiee iaoiae aeei?enoaii OOeEA ?
IAOOe i?e ?ic?aooieo ?ici???a oiiie OeEO-ia?iaaia?aoi??a.

Iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ae?aiao?o oeeeeii?a OeEO-eioeiaa?aaao?a
iiaoaeiaaii ia iniia? i?eiouaiiy, ui o aenieicaieeaiiio iioioe? i?ee?
/anoee aoaea caoiieaii na?aaei?ie ? ca ?aooiie a?aeoeaio?iaeo nee
iai?aaeaii ia ia?eoa??th oeeeeiio. I?e oeueiio aeey aeinyaiaiiy
iio??aiiai nooiaiy i/enoee ieeiaaciaiai iioieo aaaaea?oueny aeinoaoi?i,
uia anoeaea i?eoeniooeny aei no?iee na?aaeiueiianiaa /anoea.
Aeiaeaoeiaith oiiaith aeniei? aoaeoeaiino? ieeii/enoee ? iaiao?aei?noue
caaacia/aiiy aieco oeee?iae?e/ii? /anoeie oeeeeiia a?eueii? a?ae /anoie
ciie, yea ?ici?uaia eiaen?aeueii aeo?aeiiio iao?oaeo ? neeaaea? 1.6-1.8
eiai aioo??oiueiai ae?aiao?a. Aaee/eia ciie oi?io?oueny nooe?eueiei
iioieii /anoie, ui ?ooathoueny ii ia?eoa??? aiec. Ae?aiao?, i?e yeiio
aeeiiothoueny aeuaia?ae?/ai? oiiae, ? i?eeia?oueny ca ?ic?aooieiaee aeey
oeeeeiio. Aeaio iaoiaeeeo aeei?enoaii o??iaie “?aoaei” ?
“Eo?a?-Eaioue?n” i?e noai?aii? i?iaeo?a OeEO-eioeiaa?aaao?a aeey
Ie?ii?anueei? oa Noa?iaao?anueei? OAN.

I?e i?aeaioiaoe? iaoiae?a ?aeiino?oeoe?? eioeiaa?aaao?a canoiniaaii
?yae ?ic?iaie iiooea/a, ye? caoeuai? aaoi?nueeeie na?aeioeoaaie N?N?.
Oae, eiino?oeoe?th onoaiiaee aeey niaethaaiiy oaa?aeiai iaeeaa (ii a.n.
? 1638455) iiaea aooe aeei?enoaii i?e cai?i? oiiee ia?iaaia?aoi?a,
i?eno??e aeey oa?i?/ii? ia?a?iaee oaa?aeiai iaeeaa (ii a.n. ? 1590842) –
ye ia?aaeoiiie ia?aae ae?th/ei eioeiaa?aaaoii o aeiaaeeo ia?aaiaeo
inoaiiueiai ia ooee?caoe?th AA, niin?a niaethaaiiy iecueeini?oiiai
iiae??aeaiiai iaeeaa (ii a.n. ? 1467316) – o ?ac? ia?aoiaeo ia
niaethaaiiy a?oai? o?aeoe?? a oaeae?, a ae??aii? – a OO. Inoaiith
i?iiiceoe?th canoiniaaii i?e i?aeaioiaoe? aeo?aeieo aeaieo oa OC aeey
noai?aiiy ia?aaeoiie?a-caiaethaa/?a AO a OO, ye? aoaea anoaiiaeaii
ia?aae ieaei?i y?onii oaeaeueieo iaeueiee?a ia?iaaia?aoi?a OI-100
Noa?iaao?anueei? OAN.

?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aeioe?eueiino? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aia?aioaoiieia?e
ia OAN aoei i?iaaaeaii ia iniia? na?oiaeo oe?i. I?e aecia/aii?
nia?aa?oino? aeaeo?iaia?a?? a?aoiaaii aeo?aoe ia iaeeai, eai?oaeueia
aoae?aieoeoai, aenieoaoaoe?th oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe
?ic?aooieo iieacaee, ui o aeiaaeeo aeeiiaiiy no/anieo aeieia?/ieo aeiia,
i?e aeei?enoaii? iaoiae?a EO iiaea aooe io?eiaii iaeieae/o, na?aae
aoa?eueieo aia?aioaoiieia?e, nia?aa?o?noue aeaeo?iaia?a?? ye i?e iiaiio
aoae?aieoeoa? ((3.6-4.0)10-2 oiiaieo iaeeieoeue (o.i.) ca 1 eAo/aiae),
oae ? i?e ?aeiino?oeoe?? ae?th/eo aeaeo?inoaioe?e ((2.8-3.0)10-2 o.i. ca
1 eAo/aiae).

?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei canoinoaaiiy oaoiieia?e EO aeey oa?i?/ii?
ia?a?iaee AA ??ciiai nooiaiy iaoaii?o?cio i?aaenoaaeaii o aeniiaeao
(aeea. ioieoe 8-10 oa 12).

aeniiaee

1. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a e?iaoe/ieo oa
oaoiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ai??iiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? aenieicieueiiai
aoa?eey a ??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?yo eeiey/iai oa?o ciaeaeaii iniiai?
caeiiii??iino? ? iniaeeaino? eiai eiiaa?n??, ?ic?iaeaii oaoiieia?/i?
noaie i?ioean?a, ?iaeaia?i? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo ie?aieo aeaiaio?a
aia?ao?a, ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeei?enoaiith aoa?eey ??cieo nooiaiy
iaoaii?o?cio oa cieueiino? a eioeiaa?aaaoao, ui caaacia/o? ?ica’ycaiiy
aaaeeeai? iaoeiai-i?eeeaaeii? i?iaeaie – noai?aiiy aenieiaoaeoeaieo oa
aeieia?/ii /enoeo oaoiieia?e niaethaaiiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? AA aeey iio?aa
aia?aaoeee Oe?a?ie.

2. Aecia/aii e?iaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aca?iiae?? eien?a aia?aaoe/iiai
aoa?eey Oe?a?ie, a oiio /ene? aenieicieueiiai oa aeniein??/enoiai c NI2
oa I2 (iaaeeaeaiiy A??ai?ona) a EO a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? ci?ie eiai
cieueiino?
(picscalex100010009000003be000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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 4.6–71.0%), eiioeaio?aoe?? aaco-?aaaaioo
(picscalex100010009000003e5000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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 0.02-48.7 ea/i3,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 0.05-7.43 ea/i3), oeneo (? = 0.1–2.51IIa) ?
oaiia?aoo?e eiiaa?n?? (OA = 970–1350 E, ON = 650–1000 E), a oaeiae
aeia??/? ioe?iee ?o oi/iino?. Iieacaii, ui ?c c?inoaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e,
eiioeaio?aoe?? NI2 oa I2, ciaioaiiyi cieueiino? oa nooiaiy iaoaii?o?cio
aoa?eey a?aeaoaa?oueny ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? eiiaa?n?? eiai eien?a, aei
oiai ae cieaeaiiy nooiaiy iaoaii?o?cio i?eaiaeeoue aei ciaioaiiy aia?a??
aeoeaaoe??, a a ?yae? aeiaaee?a (?aaeoe?y N+I2) ? aei c?inoaiiy
eiinoaioe oaeaeeino?. Ciaeaeaii oaiia?aoo?i? iaae? ?nioaaiiy
aioo??oiueie?iaoe/iiai oa aioo??oiueiaeeooc?eiiai ?aaeei?a ?aaaoaaiiy.
Iieacaii, ui o aioo??oiueiaeeooc?eiiio ?aaeei? a?aeaoaa?oueny aeoeniaiiy
?aaeoe?e N+NI2 oa N+I2 ia iiaa?oith iaci- oa iae?iii? ? eiioo?io
iiaa?oith /anoie, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei noaoe?iia?iiai oa?aeoa?o aca?iiae??
a iaeneioi? oaeaeeino? eiiaa?n??, aei oiai ae ciaeaeaii, ui i?e
aca?iiae?? eien?a AA c NI2 oa eien?a AO ? AeI c I2 noaoe?iia?ia
oaeaee?noue ?aaeoe?? niinoa??aa?oueny ii a?aeiioaiith aei iioi/ii? iane
aoaeaoeth, a i?e eiiaa?n?? eien?a eai’yiiai oa ao?iai aoa?eey c I2 – aei
eiai ii/aoeiai? iane. Io?eiai? e?iaoe/i? eiinoaioe aeei?enoaii a
?ic?aooieao i?ioean?a ai??iiy oa aaceo?eaoe?? aoa?eey i?e i?iaeooaaii?
OeEO-eioeiaa?aaao?a oa aeaiiino?aoe?eieo onoaiiaie c ?aaeoi?aie
eeiey/iai ? oee?eoethth/iai eeiey/iai oa?o i?ae oeneii.

3. Iaea?aeaii eiinoaioe aeaiaioa?ieo noaae?e ?aaeoe?? N+NI2 (iaaeeaeaiiy
Eaiaith?a-O?ioaeueaoaea) aeey oiia eiiaa?n?? eien?a AA a EOO i?e
??ciiio ia?oe?aeueiiio oeneo aaco-?aaaaioo
(picscalex100010009000003e5000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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 1.0–37.5 ea/i3), a oaeiae aeia??/? ioe?iee ?o
oi/iino?. Iieacaii, ui c? ca?eueoaiiyi eiioeaio?aoe?? NI
niinoa??aa?oueny ciaioaiiy oaeaeeino? eiiaa?n?? eien?a c aoaeaeeneei
aacii, aei oiai ae ii i??? c?inoaiiy oaiia?aoo?e aca?iiae?? iaeeaieo
/anoie c NI2 aieea aeaiiai aoaeoo ia oaeaee?noue ?aaaoaaiiy
ciaioo?oueny. Ciaeaeaii, ui eiinoaioe aacioacieo noaae?e ?aaeoe?? N+NI2
ia caeaaeaoue a?ae nooiaiy iaoaii?o?cio oaa?aeiai iaeeaa ? ?
oi?aa?naeueieie. Iieacaii, ui i?e eiioeaio?aoe?? iiiiieneaeo aoaeaoeth a
i?iaeoeoao aaceo?eaoe?? [CO] > 3.0% aeey ?ic?aooieo i?ioean?a eiiaa?n??
aoa?eey cai?noue iaaeeaeaiiy A??ai?ona iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe
iaaeeaeaiiy Eaiaith?a-O?ioaeueaoaea.

4. Aecia/aii oaiia?aoo?e naiicaeiaiiy oa /an aeai?aiiy AA a EOO.
Iieacaii, ui c? ciaioaiiyi nooiaiy iaoaii?o?cio oa cieueiino? oaa?aeiai
iaeeaa ? ?inoii eiioeaio?aoe?? eenith a cii? oa?i?/ii? ia?a?iaee
niinoa??aa?oueny ?o ciaioaiiy. Ciaeaeai? cia/aiiy /ano aeai?aiiy /anoie
a EO aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?aooieao aenioe oiiie OeEO-eioeiaa?aaao?a oa
OeEOO-?aaeoi??a.

5. Iaea?aeaii iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? oa aeieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee
i?ioean?a ai??iiy AA Oe?a?ie a ??cieo iiaeeo?eaoe?yo EO. I?e oeueiio
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui a IEO, OO, OeAOO ? OeEO iiaea aooe caaacia/aii
aoaeoeaia niaethaaiiy aenieicieueiiai aoa?eey oa a?aeoiae?a
aoaeacaaaa/aiiy
(picscalex100010009000003be000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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 80%) c aenieeie aeieia?/ieie iieacieeaie
(SOx, NOx

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