IAOe?IIAEUeIA TH?EAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

?iai? ss?INEAAA IOAe?IAI

Aaaeinueeee Aaea??e Ceiiiiae/

OAeE 343.977

Iniiai? ieoaiiy iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue

(no.no. 84, 861 EE oe?a?ie), ye? a?aeaoaathoueny

a oiiaao aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 12.00.09. — e?ei?iaeueiee i?ioean oa
e?ei?iae?noeea;

noaeiaa aenia?oeca

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y yaey? niaith ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? e?ei?iae?noeee Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Iaoonianueeee
A?eai??e Aa?aiiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e e?ei?iae?noeee Iaoe?iiaeueii?
th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe Ee?i?iei I?ia
?aai?aia, i?ioani? eaoaae?e e?ei?iae?noeee Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Aa?iei Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,
ia/aeueiee eaoaae?e e?ei?iae?noeee Oi?aa?neoaoo aioo??oi?o ni?aa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — eaoaae?a e?ei?iae?noeee Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai??
aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie I?i?noa?noaa aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 9 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.086.01 a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e th?eaee/i?e
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai (310024, i. Oa?e?a, aoe.
Iooe?inueea, 77).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai (310024, i.
Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 6 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
TH. I. Aeoye.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ca inoaii? ?iee i?ney iaa?aiiy
Oe?a?iith iacaeaaeiino? a ?? aeiiii?/i?e, nioe?aeuei?e oa iie?oe/i?e
noa?ao iinooiiai a?aeaoaaeeny cia/i? ci?ie, ye? i?ney i?eeiyooy
aaaeeeaeo caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a — Caeii?a «I?i aeani?noue», «I?i Caieth»,
«I?i i?aei?e?iieoeoai» oa ?ioeo, ? aieiaia — Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie —
aecia/eee iiao no?oeoo?o nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? nenoaie
aea?aeaae.

Aea/aiith i?iaeai ?icne?aeoaaiiy cei/ei?a i?ioe aeaniino?, iniaeeai
?ice?aaeaiue, o e?ei?iae?noeoe? iiia?aaeiueiai ia??iaeo i?eae?eyeany
aaeeea oaaaa. Oe? ieoaiiy ?icaeyaeaeeny o i?aoeyo TH.I. Aeai?ia, A.I.
Aao?ia, A. A. A?aoeianueei?, A.E.Aaaei, N. I. Aieoayoi?eiaa, A.?.
Aa?iea, A. A. Aonoiaa, E.ss. Ae?aie?ia, A.E. Aeoaei?eiaa, A.TH.
AEe?iiai, I.A. Co?aa, I. A. Ea??iaiiaa, I.A. E???/aiei, I.?. Eeeiaiei,
A. I. Eie?ni?/aiei, A. I. Eiiiaaeiai?, A.I. Ei?ae, A. Ae. Eo?aiiai?, I.
I. Ea??ia, A.A. Eenaiei, A.I. E?n?oeeia, A.E. E?n?/aiei, A.A.
Iaoonianueeiai, ?.A. Iino?ee, A. A. Io?oeeia, A. I. No?oiiaa, A. A.
Oaianaae/a, N. ?. O?oaiea, I. I. O?eiaiea, ?. E. O?aae oa ?ioeo, a
?acoeueoao? /iai aoee ?ic?iaeai? ye caaaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue, oae ? ie?ai? iaoiaeeee
?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue, ye? a/eiythoueny o ??cieo aaeocyo
ae?iaieoeoaa, noa?e ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

I?ioa aeiei??ii? ia?aoai?aiiy o noa?? aeiiii?ee, ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiaeo
a?aeiinei, ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeaniino? oa iecea ?ioeo i?e/ei nioe?aeueiiai oa
i?aaiaiai oa?aeoa?o i?ecaaee aei ?noioieo ci?i o noai?, no?oeoo?? oa
aeeiai?oe? cei/eiieo iinyaaiue ia a?aeiineie aeaniino?. Oea i?ecaaei aei
oiai, ui aaaaoi iieiaeaiue ?ic?iaeaieo oa ii?aoeueiaaieo ?ai?oa iaoiaeee
?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue canoa??ee oa oaeoe/ii ia iiaeooue aooe
canoiniaai? oaia? ia i?aeoeoe?. C ?ioiai aieo, o ca’yceo ?c ci?iith
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae aea?aeaaiith, eieaeoeaiith oa i?eaaoiith
aeani?noth, iiyaith iiaeo aeae?a iae?eo, ca?oiino?, ci?iith oiia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy aea?aeaaia aeani?noue aeyaeeanue iaaeinoaoiuei
caoeuaiith. Ii?yae c oeei iiaeeeai iaa?oioiaaii i?eionoeoe, ui
i?aeaeueany nooi?iue, aeeaeia eaoaioiino? ?ice?aaeaiue. No?oeoo?a
?ice?aaeaiue o ia??iae ?icaeoeo iiaeo oi?i aeaniino? ye?nii ci?ieeanue.
C’yaeeinue aace?/ iiaeo, ?ai?oa ia a?aeiieo niinia?a a/eiaiiy oa
i?eoiaoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue.

E??i oiai, aecia/athoueny iaai? iniaeeaino? o iaoai?ci? ?ice?aaeaiue,
niiniaao i?eaiooaaiiy aei ?o a/eiaiiy oa i?eoiaoaaiiy, iia`ycaieo c?
cei/eiaie o noa?? i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, i?e e?aaeeooaaii?, o
noa?? i?eaaoecaoe?? oa ?i. Oeueiio ni?eythoue iaaeie?ee o anoaiiaeaiiio
ii?yaeeo iaa?iaiiy a?ioiaeo eioo?a, iaoa??aeueieo oe?iiinoae, ?o iae?eo,
ca?oiino?, aeieoiaioiia?ao oiui. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui ?ice?aaeaiiy o
athaeaeaoi?e noa?? ia ao?aoeee nai?? iaaaciaee, aaaaoi niinia?a ?o
a/eiaiiy a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao caeeoeeeny.

Iaoiaeeea ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue, ui eaae?o?eothoueny ca no.no. 84,
861 EE Oe?a?ie i?noeoue caaaeuei? iaoeia? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ni?aaao i?i
cei/eie, ye? iaceaathoue iinaaeiaeie ?ice?aaeaiiyie. Oey iaoiaeeea a ??
iniiaieo iieiaeaiiyo ? aaciaith aeey ?icne?aeoaaiiy an??? a?oie
?ice?aaeaiue, ine?eueee i?noeoue nenoaio ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia
e?ei?iae?noe/iee caoeno a?aeiinei an?o oi?i aeaniino?.

?ice?aaeaiiy, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a oiiaao aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue,
iathoue iaai? iniaeeaino? o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie ?ice?aaeaiiyie:
iath/e aeaea?aeii ?ice?aaeaiiy ??ciiiai?oi? o?aaeeoe?ei? aaeoc?
(ae?iaieoeoaa, ianeoaiaoaaiiy), aiie iia`ycai? c ?ai?oa iaa?aeiiei
oaiiiaiii ia?aoai?aiue a aeiiiieoe?: a) ci?iith i?e?iaee aeaniino?,
iiyaith iiaeo ?? oi?i; a) canoinoaaiiyi iiaiai ?aaoeyoi?a ia?a?iciiae?eo
aea?aeaaii? aeaniino? — i?eaaoecaoe??; a) noai?aiiyi iiai? aaie?anueei?
oa e?aaeeoii-o?iainiai? nenoaie; a) noai?aiiyi iiaeo aeae?a ? oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, oiaoi iiaiai aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio.

Aeeeaaeaia noai?eei ia?aaeoiiae aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaie, ia?aii? aeey aeaii? aeena?oaoe?? ? aeicaieeei
a?aeianoe aeine?aeaeoaai? i?iaeaie aei aeooaeueieo.

Ca’ycie aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aea?aiee iai?yiie aeine?aeaeaiiy aaco?oueny ia ieaiao iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i.
ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai oa eaoaae?e e?ei?iae?noeee ca?aeii c Eiiieaeniith
oe?eueiaith i?ia?aiith ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth ia 1996-2000 ?iee,
caoaa?aeaeaiith Oeacii I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie a?ae 17 aa?aniy 1996 ?ieo.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?ane?aeo? aeaiyeo
iaoo: ii-ia?oa, ia iniia? oai??? e?ei?iae?noe/ii? iaoiaeeee, aiae?co oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy ne?ae/i? oa noaeiai? i?aeoeee, aea/aiiy i?aeoeee
noaeiai-aenia?oieo caeeaae?a, aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoeee i?eaaoecaoe??
i?iaiae?coaaoe aaea a?aeii? niiniae cae?eniaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue,
ocaaaeueieoe ?o, aecia/eoe oae?, ui aaea ia canoiniaothoueny a
e?ei?iaeuei?e i?aeoeoe? aai iiaeeo?eoaaeenue, oa ii ae?oaa — c`ynoaaoe
iia? niiniae ?ice?aaeaiue, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o no/anieo oiiaao,
i?iaiae?coaaoe iaoai?ci ?ice?aaeaiue o iiaeo noa?ao, oa ia oe?e iniia?
?ic?iaeoe iniiai? ieoaiiy iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny a oiiaao aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue.

Icia/aia iaoa aecia/eea oae? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. C`ynoaaoe aieea aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue ia noai oa no?oeoo?o
?ice?aaeaiue.

2. ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio aeaiaio?a e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
?ice?aaeaiue.

3. I?iaiae?coaaoe a?aeii? niiniae iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue, aeae?eeoe
oae?, ui ciaioeeenue aai iaaoee ci?i.

4. Ia iniia? aea/aiiy iaoa??ae?a e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa, noaeiaeo
aenia?oec, iioae?eiaaii? ne?ae/i? i?aeoeee, noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo
anoaiiaeoe oa iienaoe iaoai?ci oa niiniae ?ice?aaeaiue a iiaeo noa?ao —
cie?aia, a noa?? ainiiaea?/i? ae?yeueiino? i?ae i?aei?e?inoaaie, i?e
i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaiiai iaeia, a aaie?anuee?e oa e?aaeeoii-o?iainia?e
noa?ao.

5. I?iaiae?coaaoe i?aaeiao ?ice?aaeaiiy, cie?aia, iia? eiai ??ciiaeaee.

6. Aeine?aeeoe ca`ycee i?ae aeaiaioaie e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue.

7. Aecia/eoe iniiai? e?ei?iae?noe/i? aniaeoe ?icaeyaeo iaoa??ae?a i?i
iciaee ?ice?aaeaiue, ye? a/eiythoueny a oiiaao aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue.

8. Aeae?eeoe iniaeeaino? i?aeaioiaee oa i?iaaaeaiiy ie?aieo ne?ae/eo
ae?e (iaeyae aeieoiaio?a, iaooe, ae?iea, noaeia? aenia?oece oiui).

9. Aecia/eoe iiaeeeaino? i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy iiaeo iaoiaeee
aeyaeaiiy eaoaioieo ?ice?aaeaiue ca aeiiiiiaith eiii`thoa?iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue: caeiiiaeaanoai, ui ?aaoeth?
a?aeiineie o noa?? caoenoo aeaniino?, aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ?
ae?yeueiino? i?aaiioi?iiieo, noaeiai-aenia?oieo i?aai?a a ?icne?aeoaaii?
?ice?aaeaiue oa iia`ycaieo c ieie cei/ei?a.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nooi?noue aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? noa’?eo?a
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, caeiiii??i?noue iaoai?cio ?ice?aaeaiue, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny a oiiaao aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue, i?ioean aeyaeaiiy ?o
iciae (ne?ae?a), oi?ioaaiiy ia oe?e iniia? e?ei?iae?noe/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oa iniaeeainoae ?ice?eooy oa ?icne?aeoaaiiy iinaaeiaeo
?ice?aaeaiue a iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao oa noa?ao.

Iaoiaeieia?/io iniiao aeena?oaoe?? neeaaeathoue iieiaeaiiy oai???
i?ciaiiy ? caaaeueii? oai??? e?ei?iae?noeee. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aoee canoiniaai? ?noi?eei-i?aaiaee, oi?iaeueii-eia?/iee,
nenoaiii-no?oeoo?iee, ii??aiyeueiee, noaoenoe/iee oa ?io? no/ani?
iaoiaee iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy.

I?aaiaith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?: Eiinoeoooe?y
Oe?a?ie, e?ei?iaeueia oa e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueia caeiiiaeaanoai
Oe?a?ie, caeiiiaeaanoai i?i aeani?noue, i?eaaoecaoe?th, ainiiaea?/o
ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa oa ?io? ii?iaoeai? aeoe.

Aii???/io aaco aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue:
?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy iaoa??ae?a e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa i?i ?ice?aaeaiiy,
ye? a/eiyeenue oeyoii ?ico?aoe, i?eaeaniaiiy aai ceiaaeeaaiiy neoaeaiaei
noaiiaeuai, ?icaeyiooeo iaeanieie noaeaie Oe?a?ie; ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy
iaoa??ae?a iiiaae 270 e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa, ii?ooaieo ca no.no. 84 oa 861
EE Oe?a?ie ne?ae/eie i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa oa i?ieo?aoo?e
A?iieoeueei?, Aei?i?iiao?ianueei?, Aeiiaoeueei?, Eoaainueei?,
Ieeiea?anueei?, Iieoaanueei? oa Oa?e?anueei? iaeanoae; ocaaaeueiaiiy
iaoa??ae?a icia/aieo e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa; iiiaae 170 iaoa??ae?a i?i
a?aeiiao a ii?ooaii? e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa c iciaeaie ?ice?aaeaiue;
aenia?oi? i?iaaaeaeaiiy oa aeniiaee niaoe?ae?no?a eaai?aoi???
noaeiai-aeiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa i?i iinaaeia?
?ice?aaeaiiy, aea/ai? a Oa?e?anueeiio IAe? noaeiaeo aenia?oec ?i. cane.
i?io. I.N. Aiea??ona; ocaaaeueiaiiy aieaooaaiiy oa iieooaaiiy ne?ae/eo
oa i?ieo?i?nueeeo i?aoe?aiee?a, a oiio /ene? oeo, ui iaa/aeeny a
?inoeooo? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? Aaia?aeueii? i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie
(aeea. ioae?eaoe??: I?aai Oe?a?ie, 1997, ? 8, n.90-93; A?niee Aeaaeai??
i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie, 1997, ?3 (10) n.156-163); ii?eethaeiaia ne?ae/a
i?aeoeea; noaoenoe/i? aeai? i?i noai i?eaaoecaoe?? a Oe?a?i? oa
ceiaaeeaaiiy a oe?e noa??. Aeena?oaio i?eeiaa o/anoue a aeine?aeaeaiiyo
i?iaeai ai?ioueae c aeiiii?/iith cei/eii?noth, ui i?iaiaeeeenue IAe?
aea/aiiy i?iaeai cei/eiiino? Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c Eiiieaeniith oe?eueiaith i?ia?aiith ai?ioueae c?
cei/eii?noth ia ia??iae 1996-2000 ?iee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny oei, ui ia iiiia?ao?/iiio
??ai? a aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa: -iaa?oioiaaia eiioeaioe?y oa iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?iaee e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee oa iniiaieo iieiaeaiue
?icne?aeoaaiiy iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue; -aeine?aeaeaia e?ei?iae?noe/ia
i?iaeaia iaoai?cio ?ice?aaeaiiy a no/anieo oiiaao; -?ic?iaeai? iniiai?
iieiaeaiiy e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee oaeeo ?ice?aaeaiue; -aea/ai?
oa eeaneo?eiaai? iia? niiniae ?ice?aaeaiue, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny o
cei/eii?e i?aeoeoe? a icia/aieo aeua noa?ao; -cae?eniai? iia? i?aeoiaee
aei aeine?aeaeaiiy ianoaiiaee oa oiia a/eiaiiy iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue;
-ia iniia? aiae?co aeeiai?ee cei/eiieo niinia?a, ?o iniaeeainoae o
iei?oi?o oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy, iaaaaeaia ocaaaeueiaia eeaneo?eaoe?y
a?aeiieo oa iiaeo niinia?a ?ice?aaeaiue; -aeaia e?ei?iae?noe/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea iniae ?ice?aaea/a oa ?ioeo ni?ao/aniee?a cei/eiieo
oa?oiiaaiue; -i?iaiae?ciaaia oa ocaaaeueiaia nenoaia iciae ?ice?aaeaiue;
-?ic?iaeai? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?icaeyaeo ne?ae/ei iaoa??ae?a i?i
iiaeeea? ?ice?aaeaiiy; -aeae?eai? iniaeeaino? ne?ae/eo neooaoe?e oa
ne?ae/eo ae?e ii ni?aaao i?i ?ice?aaeaiiy.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny aeuaaeacai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? a caaaeueiiio aeaeyae?
iiaeeeai noi?ioethaaoe ye: 1. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy, iia`ycai? c
i?iaeaiith ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue a oiiaao aeiiii?/ieo
ia?aoai?aiue. 2. Oaeoeei-iaoiaee/ia eiioeaioe?y aeyaeaiiy, ?ice?eooy oa
?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a iiaeo oiiaao.

Iaoeiaa oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio,
ui aeena?oaoe?y yaey? niaith aeaeiao iaoiaeeeo ?icne?aeoaaiiy iinaaeiaeo
?ice?aaeaiue oa noai?th? iniiae aeey ianooiii? ?ic?iaee ie?aieo
e?ei?iae?noe/ieo iaoiaeee a caeaaeiino? a?ae iniaeeainoae aaeoc?,
ii/aoeiai? ne?ae/i? neooaoe??, cei/eiieo niinia?a, in?a, i?e/aoieo aei
a/eiaiiy cei/eio. ?iaioa i?noeoue iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey
ne?ae/eo, i?aoe?aiee?a i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy, ui cae?eniththoue
iia?aoeaii-?icooeiao ae?yeuei?noue c aeyaeaiiy, ?ice?eooy oa
?icne?aeoaaiiy icia/aieo cei/ei?a, a oaeiae aeey oao?aoe?a:
aenia?o?a-aeiiii?no?a oa aenia?o?a-aooaaeoa??a, i?aoe?aiee?a
eiio?ieueii-?aa?c?eieo onoaiia.

Iaoa??aee oa iieiaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaai? a aeena?oaoe?eiiio
aeine?aeaeaii?, iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
th?eaee/ieo aoc?a Oe?a?ie, iiaeooue i?aaenoaaeyoe ?ioa?an i?e ?ic?iaoe?
niaoeeo?n?a c e?ei?iae?noeee, i?aeaioiaoe? iaa/aeueieo oa iaoiaee/ieo
iin?aiee?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a?aeia?aaeaiee
a iaeiiin?aieo ioae?eaoe?yo c i?iaeai iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy
?ice?aaeaiue, e??i oiai, a ioae?eaoe?yo iaoeiaeo eieaeoea?a, ye?
noinothoueny i?iaeai iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo cei/ei?a,
cie?aia, nei?ieo i?aai?ciaaieie cei/eiieie a?oiaie, aea aaoi?ii
ina?oeai? ieoaiiy noiniaii ?icne?aeoaaiiy iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue a
no/anieo oiiaao, a oaeiae aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy
?ice?aaeaiue ca aeiiiiiaith ao?eaiiy iiaeo iaoiaeee aeyaeaiiy eaoaioieo
?ice?aaeaiue ca aeiiiiiaith eiii`thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a?aeia?aaeai? a iaoeiaeo
ioae?eaoe?yo aeena?oaioa, o aenooiao ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aeei?enoaiiy aeinyaiaiue iaoee ? oaoi?ee o ai?iouea? c? cei/eii?noth”,
i?iaaaeaii? Iaoe?iiaeueiith th?eaee/iith aeaaeai??th Oe?a?ie ?iai?
ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai, IAe? aea/aiiy i?iaeai cei/eiiino? Aeaaeai?? I?aaiaeo
Iaoe Oe?a?ie (i. Oa?e?a, 1997?.), eiioa?aioe?yo oa can?aeaiiyo “e?oaeeo
noie?a”, i?iaaaeaieo ?ioeoooii i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe?? Aaia?aeueii?
i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie (i.Oa?e?a, 1995-1997??.).

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny o
iaa/aeueiiio eo?n? “E?ei?iae?noeea” a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e th?eaee/i?e
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?i. ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai, i?e iaa/aii? ne?ae/eo oa
i?ieo?i?nueeeo i?aoe?aiee?a a ?inoeooo? i?aeaeuaiiy eaae?o?eaoe??
Aaia?aeueii? i?ieo?aoo?e Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii o /ioe?ueio
iaoeiaeo noaooyo a i?ia?aeieo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo oa o?ueio noaooyo a
ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oa iaeieo oacao aeiiia?ae?.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Ca?aeii c oe?eyie, caaaeaiiyie ? i?aaeiaoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
ye? aeeth/athoue i`yoiaaeoeyoue i?ae?icae?e?a, ? aeniiaeo. Ianya
aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 171 noi??ieo, e?euee?noue aeiaeaoe?a — 5,
aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae — 130 iaeiaioaaiue.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??,
aecia/athoueny ia`?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai
iaoiaeieia?/ia ? oai?aoe/ia iniiae, iieacaii iaoeiao iiaecio ?
noi?ioeueiaaii iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, ?ice?eaa?oueny
oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?icae?e 1 “Aieea aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue ia noai oa no?oeoo?o
?ice?aaeaiue” neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? ?icaeyaea?oueny nooi?noue aeiiii?/ieo
ia?aoai?aiue, ye? aieeaathoue ia noai oa no?oeoo?o ?ice?aaeaiue,
cie?aia, ia?aoai?aiiy o oi?iao aeaniino?, oa ia?aoai?aiiy aeae?a ? oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Aeena?oaio aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui aaaaoianiaeoi?noue
a?aeiinei aeaniino? iaoiiaeth? ?? iaaecae/aeii neeaaeiee oa?aeoa?
ia?aoai?aiue. I?aeoeea iieaco?, ui iiae?ai? ia?aoai?aiiy ia
a?aeaoaathoueny oae oaeaeei oa aaceiioe?eoii, ye /aeaeinue ? aeoaea
/anoi noi?iaiaeaeothoueny iiieeeaie a cae?eniaii? aeiiii?/ii? iie?oeee.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy no?oeoo?e oa aeeiai?ee
a/eiaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue. Aeeiai?ea aeaiiai aeaeo cei/eiieo iinyaaiue ia
a?aeiineie aeaniino?, ye na?ae/eoue noaoenoeea, iaooeeueii c?inoa?. A
1992 ?ioe? aoei ca?a?no?iaaii 8996, a 1993 — 9437, a 1994 — 10642, a
1995-11237, a 1996 — 12500 ?ice?aaeaiue aea?aeaaiiai oa eieaeoeaiiai
iaeia, eaae?o?eiaaieo ca no. 84, 861 EE Oe?a?ie. Aea iaaaaeai? aeai? ia
ne?ae aaaaeaoe inoaoi/ieie, ine?eueee neooaoe?y oneeaaeith?oueny ua e
aenieei nooiaiai eaoaioe?? aeaiiai aeaeo ?ice?aaeaiue.

Aiae?c no?oeoo?e ?ice?aaeaiue ca aaeocyie ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa
Oe?a?ie na?ae/eoue, ui iaei?eaaaeea?oeie aeey cei/eioe?a caeeoathony:
iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iee eiiieaen — o?eueee o 1997 ?ioe? aee?eoi iaeaea 1,8
oen. ei?eneeaeo cei/ei?a, iia`ycaieo c iaeeaii-ianoeeueieie iaoa??aeaie
oa iiiaae 1 oen. — c ?ioeie aia?aiiin?yie. A o?ainii?oi?e aaeoc? a 1997
?ioe? a/eiaii iiiaae 2700 cei/ei?a aeiiii?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?, 1900 c ieo
— ia cae?cie/iiio o?ainii?o?. Oeae ia?ae?e iaea?eueo i?eaaaeeaeo aeey
?ice?aaea/?a aaeocae aeiiiaith?oueny oaeiae aa?ii?iieneiaei eiiieaenii,
ciai?oiueith oi?a?aeath, iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiyi, o?i?/iith oa
iaooiia?a?iaiith aaeocyie.

Iaea?eueoa c?inoaiiy cei/eiieo i?iya?a ca?a?no?iaaii a
e?aaeeoii-aaie?anuee?e nenoai?, yea ca?ac ?icaeyaea?oueny ye ianooaaii
e?ei?iae?ciaaia oa aeoaea neeaaeiith aeey eiio?ieth c aieo
i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a. A oe?e noa?? o?eueee a 1997 ?ioe? a/eiaii iiiaae
5570 cei/ei?a, a oiio /ene? ?ice?aaeaiue o aaeeeeo oa iniaeeai aaeeeeo
?ici??ao. Noia eeoa i?yieo caeoe?a, caaaeaieo ?ice?aaea/aie, neeaaea?
iiiaae 17 iei. a?eaaiue. sseui o 1995 ?ioe? a oe?e noa?? aoei
a/eiaii 362 cei/eie, a 1996 — 533, oi ca 10 i?nyoe?a 1997 ?ieo —
a?eueoa 4000, ui a 11,4 ?ace a?eueoa, i?ae ca aanue 1995 ??e.

Noai cei/eiiino? o noa?? i?eaaoecaoe?? oa?aeoa??co?oueny cia/iith
aeeiai?eith c?inoaiiy cei/eiieo i?iyaeaiue, ui iia`ycaii, ye aa/eoueny,
c aacnenoaii?noth oa iaaeinoaoi?i eiio?ieai i?ioeano ci?ie oi?i
aeaniino?. O 1995 ?ioe? a noa?? i?eaaoecaoe?? anoaiiaeaii aeecueei 300
cei/ei?a, na?aae yeeo iaeaea iieiaeio (120) neeaaeathoue ?ice?aaeaiiy o
aaeeeeo oa iniaeeai aaeeeeo ?ici??ao. O 1996 ?ioe? o noa?? i?eaaoecaoe??
aeyaeaii aaea 476 cei/ei?a (ca aeaieie noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino? IAN
Oe?a?ie Oe?a?i? ca 1996 ??e). O 1997 ?ioe? aeyaeaii iaeaea 3 oen. ??cieo
ii?ooaiue caeiiiaeaanoaa i?i i?eaaoecaoe?th, a oiio /ene? iiiaae 1870
cei/ei?a.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaee iaoiaeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy
?ice?aaeaiue. A ?iaio? iaaea?oueny aiae?c noaio ?ic?iaeaiino? i?iaeaie
ai?ioueae c iinaaeiaeie ?ice?aaeaiiyie ca /ane ?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo oa
a oaia??oi?e /an. Aecia/a?oueny ?ic?iaeai?noue caaaeueieo iieiaeaiue oa
ie?aieo iaoiaeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue o ??cieo aaeocyo
ae?iaieoeoaa oa ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia ii/aoie 90-o ?ie?a. Aaoi? aeioiaeeoue
aeniiaeo, ui oi/a aeacai? iaoiaeeee ? oyaeythoue niaith cia/iee iaoeiaee
? iaoiaee/iee iioaioe?ae, aea aeey iio?aa ai?ioueae ?c no/anieie aeaeaie
?ice?aaeaiue aiie iio?aaothoue nooo?ai? ia?a?iaee aai noai?aiiy iiaeo
iaoiaeee o ca`yceo c aeiei??iieie ia?aoai?aiiyie o noa?? aeiiii?ee,
ci?iaie o no?oeoo?? cei/eiiino?, iaoai?ciao oa niiniaao cae?eniaiiy ?
i?eoiaoaaiiy ei?eneeaeo iinyaaiue ia aeani?noue, ye? cae?eniththoueny
iaoa??aeueii-a?aeiia?aeaeueieie ? iinaaeiaeie iniaaie.

A aeena?oaoe?? cacia/a?oueny, ui eaoaioi?noue ?ice?aaeaiue ia i?inoi
caa??aa?oueny, aea e cia/ii iineeththoueny a ?acoeueoao?
aeanoaa?e?caoe?? aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe??, ui aeiaaa? aaeaeaaoii? ?aaeoe??
c noi?iie aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aeaaee oa oi?aae?iiy, i?aaiioi?iiieo
i?aai?a, niaoe?ae?ciaaieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo caeeaae?a, ine?eueee
oyaey? niaith /eiaeo caa?ico aeey aeiiii?/ii? aaciaee aea?aeaae.

Aeena?oaio i?aeaea? aiae?co oa nenoaiaoeco? ?ic?iaeai? oa ai?iaiaai? ia
i?aeoeoe? ?nioth/? iaoiaeeee, caniiaai? ia aeiiii?ei-e?ei?iae?noe/iiio
aiae?c? iiaeeeaeo i?ioe??/ o iieacieeao ainiiaea?/i-o?iainiai?
ae?yeueiino? ia’?eoo aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui neaiae?cothoue i?i ??ciiiai?oi?
iaaaoeai? yaeua, a oiio /ene? e i?i ?ice?aaeaiiy (A. A. Oaianaae/, ?. E.
O?aaa, ss. A. I?eia, N. I. Aieoayoieeia, A. A. Aeoa?ia?i, E.ss.
Ae?aie?i).

Aeena?oaio cacia/a?, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei oa aeioe?eueiei aeey
iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy aeyaeany i?aeo?ae, oiiaii iacaaiee
iaoaiaoeei-e?ei?iae?noe/iei, i?eioeeiia? i?aeoiaee aei ?ic?iaeaiy yeiai
aoee caeeaaeai? a na?aaeai? 70-o ?ie?a ?c caeo/aiiyi oao?aoe?a c aaeoc?
iaoaiaoe/iiai aiae?co (?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiaeeee aeyaeaiiy iciae eaoaioieo
?ice?aaeaiue ca aeiiiiiaith iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae — A. A.
Iaoonianueeee, ?. A. Aiaeyinueeee, ?. I. Ie?nn), yeee o no/anieo
oiiaao ia?aaeaa/a? iiaoaeiao aeni?an-iaoiaeee eiio?ieth, c iaoith
aeei?enoaiiy ?o a oiiaao iia?aoeaii-?icooeiaeo ae?e, aeao?oeeoo /ano oa
?ioi?iaoe?? oa ia?aa??i/ieo ae?e, cae?enithaaieo aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie,
iaae?eaieie iaaeyaeiaeie oa eiio?ieueieie iiaiiaaaeaiiyie.

?icae?e 2 “E?ei?iae?noe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?ice?aaeaiue a oiiaao
aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue” neeaaea?oueny c oanoe i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue oi?ioaaiiy
e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaiiai aeaeo cei/ei?a. Aeai? iieooaaiue
ne?ae/eo na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui aeecueei 90% ?aniiiaeaio?a a /ene?
o?oaeiiu?a, ui aeieeathoue i?e ?icne?aeoaaii? iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue o
no/anieo oiiaao, ia ia?oiio i?noe? aeacaee a?aenooi?noue iiaeo
iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo iai?yie?a a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ice?aaeaiue. Noiniaii
iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a oiiaao aeiiii?/ieo
ia?aoai?aiue, aeioe?eueii coieieoeny ia ne?aeoth/eo iniiaieo aeaiaioao
e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee: 1) ianoaiiaea ? oiiae a/eiaiiy
?ice?aaeaiiy; 2) aeaea?aea ?ice?aaeaiiy; 3) niin?a i?eaiooaaiiy,
a/eiaiiy, i?eoiaoaaiiy; 4) i?aaeiao iinyaaiiy; 5) noa’?eo ?ice?aaeaiiy
(iniaa cei/eioey); 6) iane?aeee ?ice?aaeaiiy (a aeaio aniaeoao: ne?aee
(iciaee) ?ice?aaeaiiy ? caeoee, caaaeai? cei/eiii).

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeo?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iaoai?cio oa niinia?a
a/eiaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue a caaaeuei?e no?oeoo?? aeaiaio?a e?ei?iae?noe/ii?
oa?aeoa?enoeee. Cacia/aii, ui a no/anieo oiiaao aeaiaioe iaoai?cio
?ice?aaeaiiy aeiiiaiththoueny iiaeie ianoaaeiaie, oaeeie, ye a?aooaaiiy
?ice?aaea/aie iaaeie?e?a oa i?iaaeei o caeiiiaeaanoa?. Iniaeeaino?
iaoai?cio a/eiaiiy iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue oeyoii ceiaaeeaaiiy
neoaeaiaei noaiiaeuai iieyaathoue o oiio, ui ye i?aaeei, iacaeiiii
i?eaeanithth/e aeia??aia ?i iaeii ia ei?enoue ?ioeo o?ce/ieo /e
th?eaee/ieo in?a, ianeothoue nai? ae?? ae?iaie/ith iio?aaith,
ainiiaea?/ei ?eceeii, a?aenooi?noth i?yii? caeiiiaeaa/i? caai?iie
iiae?aieo iia?aoe?e oa, a?aeiia?aeii, ia/?oe?noth, iaiaeiicia/i?noth
caeiiiaeaa/eo ii?i.

A aeena?oaoe??? ooi/ith?oueny iiiyooy iaoai?cio ?ice?aaeaiue, ye nenoaie
an?o ae?e iniae, yea cae?enith? cei/eiiee caaeoi ca aeiiiiiaith
niinia?a, ui canoiniaothoueny ia an?o noaae?yo — i?eaiooaaiiy, a/eiaiiy
oa i?eoiaoaaiiy cei/eio, a oaeiae noeoiiino? ?ioeo /eiiee?a, iia’ycaieo
c ?ice?aaeaiiyi.

Aaoi?ii i?iaiae?ciaaia nenoaia a?aeiieo niinia?a ?ice?aaeaiiy,
?ic?iaeaia iiia?aaei?ie aeine?aeieeaie, cacia/ai? i?eoaiaii? ?e
iaaeie?ee.

Aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo i?i iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaeaiiy ieoaiue
i?i iia? niiniae ?ice?aaeaiue a no/anieo oiiaao, a neooaoe??, eiee
aeaiaioe niiniao ?ice?aaeaiiy noai?ththoue naiino?ei? neeaaee cei/ei?a,
cie?aia:

— noai?aiiy o?eoeaieo o??i, i?aei?e?inoa ia i?aenoaai? aai aeaaaeai?
iniae (i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ?ice?aaeaiiy) — o?eoeaia i?aei?e?iieoeoai — no.
148-4 EE; — i?ae?iaea aeieoiaio?a, ooaii?a oa ia/aoie (i?aeaioiaea,
niin?a noai?aiiy ?aca?ao ?ice?aaeaiiy) — no. 194 EE; — aeei?enoaiiy
i?ae?iaeaieo aeieoiaio?a (i?aeaioiaea ? a/eiaiiy ?ice?aaeaiiy) — no. 194
EE; — neoaeaiaa oaeueooaaiiy (on? noaae?? ?ice?aaeaiiy) — no. 172 EE; —
o?eoeaia aaie?oonoai (niin?a i?eoiaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiiy) — no. 1563 EE .

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeai? no/ani? niiniae i?eoiaoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue,
aei yeeo iiaeeeai a?aeianoe: o?eoeaia aaie?oonoai i?aei?e?inoaa, eiee
aeey e?aaeeoi??a oa eiio?iethth/eo i?aai?a noai?th?oueny iiaeiaa
o?iainiaiai e?aoo aai iani?iiiaeiino? caaeiaieueieoe aeiiae e?aaeeoi??a;
ioi?ieaiiy “caaei?i /eneii” iiceee ia eiooe, ye? i?eaeanieea aai
?ico?aoeea iinaaeiaa iniaa; neeaaeaiiy “caaei?i /eneii”
oeea?eueii-i?aaiaeo oaiae oa ioi?ieaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo aeieoiaio?a ia
?aae?caoe?th, i?aiaeo iaeia, yea a?aenooi? ia iiiaio ia?aa??ee.

A ?iaio? oi?o?eiaai? iciaee ?ice?aaeaiue, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o no/anieo
oiiaao, ?c cacia/aiiyi iaea?eueo e?ei?iiaaiieo aaeocae. Aea/ai? oa
eeaneo?eiaai? iia? niiniae ?ice?aaeaiue, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny o
cei/eii?e i?aeoeoe?, cie?aia, a noa?? ainiiaea?nueeeo a?aeiinei i?ae
i?aei?e?inoaaie ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?, eeaneo?eiaai? oi?aa?naeuei?
niiniae, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny iacaeaaeii a?ae aaeoc?, niaoeeo?ee,
i?io?eth i?aei?e?inoaa oa ci?ie oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Iaaiaeeoueny nenoaia niinia?a ?ice?aaeaiue i?e i?eaaoecaoe??
aea?aeaaiiai iaeia. Oaeeo niinia?a iae?/o?oueny a?eueoa aeaaaeoeyoe,
na?aae yeeo iiaeeeai aeae?eeoe: i?eoiaoaaiiy iaeia, i?eaeaaiiai aei
i?eaaoecaoe??, ii ?icieneai a ?ioeo i?aei?e?inoaao oeyoii ??ciiiai?oieo
o?iainiaeo iao?iaoe?e (ioi?ieaiiy aeieoiaio?a ia o?eoeaia aeeiiaiiy
ianya?a ?ia?o, iaaeaiiy iineoa oa ?ioa); aeei?enoaiiy iaaeinoia??ieo
?iaaioa??caoe?eieo iien?a i?e ioe?ioe?, a yeeo a?aeia?aaeai? ia an?
iniiai? caniae, ui iathoueny a iayaiino?, aai /anoeia yeeo aecia/aia ye
IAI; nienaiiy ia ca anoaiiaeaiei ii?yaeeii aac aenia?oii? ioe?iee
iaeaaeiaiiy e ?ioeo ?iaaioa?ieo ia`aeo?a iniiaieo cania?a, ia ye?
iiai?noth ia?aoiaaii ciin (iniaeeai iieaciaa nienaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy, noaie?a oa iaoai?ci?a, aaoio?ainii?oo); iaa??ia aecia/aiiy
cai?ioieo eioo?a, ui iaaeai? a i?aiaeo; iaaeeth/aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo
iaiaoa??aeueieo aeoea?a, ye? ? ia aaeain? i?aei?e?inoaa, aai iiaeii?
aooe, aei ?iaaioa??caoe?eiiai iieno c iaoith ?o iiaeaeueoiai
i?eaeaniaiiy aai i?iaeaaeo; aeei?enoaiiy i?ae?iaeaieo aai iacaeiiii
caeiaooeo i?eaaoecaoe?eieo iaeiiaeo na?oeo?eao?a aai ?o iiaoi?iiai
aaaaeaiiy a ia?a.

A aaie?anuee?e oa e?aaeeoii-o?iainia?e noa?ao ia? i?noea: — caeo/aiiy c
iaoith ?ice?aaeaiiy e?aaeeo?a c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ae?iaeaii?
caniiaieoeueei? oa aooaaeoa?nueei? aeieoiaioaoe??, aa?aio?eieo eeno?a,
caeiaiaeo oa no?aoiaeo aeieoiaio?a; — i?eaeaniaiiy a?ioiaeo eioo?a,
iaaooeo ca i?ae?iaeaieie aaie?anueeeie aeieoiaioaie oa oe?iieie
iaia?aie: e?aaeeoiaeie aa?ci (aei 1994 ?ieo), ?ic?aooieiaeie /aeaie,
iaii??aeueieie i?aea?aie, aaenaeyie, aeaiiceoieie na?oeo?eaoaie; —
ia?aaaaeaiiy oa i?eaeaniaiiy a?ioiaeo eioo?a ?c canoinoaaiiyi
aaie?anueeeo eiiiuethoa?ieo ia?aae.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? aecia/athoueny e?ei?iae?noe/i? aniaeoe
ianoaiiaee oa oiia a/eiaiiy iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue, na?aae yeeo
aeae?eai? oae? iniiai? eiiiiiaioe: ineaaeaiiy eiio?ieueieo ooieoe?e c
aieo aea?aeaae ca ae?yeuei?noth ainiiaea?/eo no?oeoo? o noa?? aeiiii?ee
acaaae?; ii?iaoeaia iaocaiaeaeai?noue caeiiiaeaa/eo aeo?a, ye?
?aaoeththoue iia? aeiiii?/i? a?aeiineie, i?ae niaith;
iaa?aei?aoeueiaai?noue oa oaeaeea ci?ia oiia i?iaaaeaiiy i?eaaoecaoe?;
ci?ie o nenoai? iae?eo oa ca?oiino?, aeieoiaioaoe?? oa aeieoiaioiia?ao;
iaaeineiiae?noue ?nioth/i? nenoaie ?ic?aooie?a.

Aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui nooo?aei /eiieeii, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? ianoaiiaeo
oa oiiae a/eiaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue ca?ac ? oa, ui a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy iiaeo
ainiiaea?nueeeo a?aeiinei a?aeaoaa?oueny aeae?ei?iae?caoe?y aaaaoueio
ae?yiue, ca ye? ?ai?oa aoea anoaiiaeaia e?ei?iaeueia
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue, aiane?aeie /iai noa? aaaeei aecia/eoe iaae?
e?ei?iaeueii-aeicaieaiiai i?e cae?eniaii? ??ciiiai?oieo ae?iaie/eo ?
ainiiaea?nueeeo iia?aoe?e.

Neoaeaia? iniae aea?aeaaieo ? eieaeoeaieo i?aei?e?inoa iaea?aeaee cia/ii
a?eueoo naiaiaeo i?e aeai?? cania?a ? niinia?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy,
caeeth/aii? ??ciiiai?oieo oaiae (eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo, aa?oa?ieo, i?aiaee
oa ?ioeo), a oaeiae o ea?oaaii? iaeiii, yea ciaoiaeeoueny o ?oiueiio
a?aeaii? i?e i?eaaoecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoaa. Iane?aeeii oeueiai noaei oa,
ui ii?yae c o?aaeeoe?eieie niiniaaie ?ice?aaeaiue aea?aeaaiiai ?
eieaeoeaiiai iaeia noaee canoiniaoaaoeny iia?, oao?aenuee? niiniae,
caniiaai? ia iaiaiieo ae?yo. Iniaeeai oea noino?oueny oaei? oi?ie
?ice?aaeaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ? eieaeoeaiiai iaeia, ye ceiaaeeaaiiy
neoaeaiaei noaiiaeuai.

I?e oeueiio iaiai, ye niin?a ceiaaeeaaiiy neoaeaiaei noaiiaeuai, ia
??cieoeth a?ae iaiaio i?e oao?aenoa?, a/eiy?oueny caaaeyee iniaeeaiio
iieiaeaiith aeiiiai — iayaiino? o iueiai i?aaa ca?aeii c iinaaeith
?icii?yaeaeaoeny aea?aeaaiei aai eieaeoeaiei iaeiii, aai oaeeo
iiaeeeainoae, iia’ycaieo c? neoaeaiaei noaiiaeuai iniae, ye? caeaoi?
niiioeaoe i?aaenoaaiee?a ?ioeo i?aai?caoe?e aei ia?aaea/? naiai iaeia o
aeaeyae? iaoa??aeueieo oe?iiinoae aai o aeaeyae? a?ioiaeo eioo?a.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? aea?oueny e?ei?iae?noe/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea
aeaea?ae ?ice?aaeaiue a oiiaao aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue. Iaaaaeaia oa
i?iaiae?ciaaia eeaneo?eaoe?y no/anieo aeaea?ae ?ice?aaeaiue: 1)
i?aeca?oi? (iaeaooiueiio ?ice?aaea/aa?) oe?iiino?; 2) ?aca?ai? oe?iiino?
(iaaeeeoee), noai?ai? ia i?aei?e?inoa?, aea i?aoeth? ?ice?aaea/; 3)
iaa?aoiaai? oe?iiino?; 4) oe?iiino?, ye? noathoue i?aeca?oi?
?ice?aaea/aa? aiane?aeie iaaieo ceiaaeeaaiue.

A aeena?oaoe?? aecia/aia iiiyooy aeaea?aea ?ice?aaeaiiy o no/anieo
oiiaao oa eiai neeaaeia? /anoeie, i?ae yeei ne?ae ?icoi?oe: nenoaio
ae?yeueiino? aeiieo, yea ia? iaoith noai?aiiy iaoa??aeueii? aace aeey
?ice?aaeaiiy oa iaaieo aa?aio?e aaciaee ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaoai?cio
?ice?aaeaiiy a oe?eiio

Aiae?c iieooaaiiy ne?ae/eo na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui aeaiee aeaiaio
e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ioe?ith?oueny ye iaeei c iaeaaaeeea?oeo.
Ia iniia? oeueiai ? aeaieo aea/aiiy e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa a aeena?oaoe??
ina?oeththoueny icia/ai? eiiiiiaioe aeaea?aea ?ice?aaeaiue.

O /aoaa?oiio i?ae?icae?e? aecia/a?oueny i?aaeiao iinyaaiiy, ye aeaiaio
e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue, cie?aia, iia?
eiai ??ciiaeaee.

Oa?aeoa??coth/e i?aaeiao ?ice?aaeaiiy noiniaii iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo oiia
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aeena?oaio cacia/a? iiyao iiaeo aeae?a iaeia, ye?
iiaeooue aenooiaoe i?aaeiaoii ?ice?aaeaiue. Oea iniiai? caniae
i?eaaoeco?ieo i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae iaiaoa??aeuei? aeoeae — /anoee,
ia?, i?iaeoeoe ?ioaeaeooaeueii? aeaniino?, ye? iathoue aa?o?ni?
iieacieee, i?ia?aii? i?iaeoeoe. Cia/ii ca?eueoeeinue oaeiae ?ice?aaeaiiy
??ciiiai?oieo oe?iieo iaia??a.

I?aaeiaoii ?ice?aaeaiiy oaeiae iiaeooue aooe ? aeieoiaioe, ye?
aeeiiothoue ?ieue a?ioiaiai aea?aaeaioo (i?eaaoecaoe?ei? /aee oa
i?eaaoecaoe?ei? iaeiia? na?oeo?eaoe). ?ice?aaeaiiy a?ioiaeo eioo?a
i?aei?e?inoaa o no/anieo oiiaao oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?o i?eaeaniaiiyi ye a
o?aaeeoe?ei?e aio?aeia?e oi?i?, oae ? cia/iiio ca?eueoaii? ?ice?aaeaiue
aacaio?aeiaeo eioo?a, ye? i?ney oeueiai ia?aaiaeyoueny o aio?aeo oeyoii
iacaeiii? eiiaa?oaoe?? o iaoe?iiaeueio aai ?iicaiio aaethoo aai
aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey i?eaeaaiiy aenieie?ea?aeieo iiaooiaeo oiaa??a,
ia?ooiiino?, aai in?aeathoue ia caei?aeiiieo aaethoieo ?aooieao.

O i’yoiio i?ae?icae?e? aecia/athoueny iniiai? e?ei?iae?noe/i? aniaeoe
iniae ?ice?aaea/a ia iniia? nioe?aeueii-aeaiia?ao?/ieo,
nioe?aeueii-ineoieia?/ieo, i?ioan?eieo oa e?ei?iieia?/ieo iciae.

A aeena?oaoe?? ia iniia? aiae?co i?aeoeee, a oaeiae aieaooaaiiy oa
?ioa?a`thaaiiy i?aeoe/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a cacia/a?oueny iiyaa ye?nii iiaeo
ianoaaei, iioeaoth/eo iiaaae?ieo ?ice?aaea/a.

Ianaiia?aae, c iiyaith eieaeoeaii? oa i?eaaoii? oi?i aeaniino? nooo?ai
ci?ieeenue ooieoe?iiaeuei? iaia`ycee, i?ecia/aiiy, ?ioeie neiaaie,
neoaeaiaa noaiiaeua iinaaeiai? iniae. Cai?noue cae/ii? aa?oeeaeueii?
nenoaie ea??aieoeoaa oa oi?aae?iiy, caniiaaii? ia aei?noeiio,
?aoaeueiiio eiio?ieth «caa?oo», oa aeaoaeuei?e ?aaeaiaioaoe?? on???
ainiiaea?/i? ae?yeueiino?, i?eoiaeeoue iiaa, ?eieiai-i???ioiaaia oa
aeiiii?/ii iaa?oioiaaia nenoaia oi?aae?iiy, eeth/iaeie ?enaie yei?
noathoue: naiino?ei?noue ea??aieea (iinaaeiai? iniae) o i?eeiyoo?
??oaiue, i?aei?e?iieoeueea a?euei?noue o aeai?? niinia?a, oi?i oa
iaoiae?a oacyeioaaiiy, aio/ea nenoaia eiio?ieth ae?yeueiino? ia o?eueee
«caa?oo», aea e «cieco» (iaoiiaeaia nooo?aei ca?eueoaiiyi e?eueeino?
aeai?/eo iinaae, iioe?aiiyi canoinoaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoaao eieaeoeaiiai
aeiaiai?o oa ?ioa).

Na?aae /eneaieo oaeoi??a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue iniao ?ice?aaea/a,
iniaeeaa cia/aiiy iaaoaa? eiai iinaaeiaa iieiaeaiiy. Aiii a a?eueoino?
aecia/a? ?io? aaaeeea? aeaiaioe e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee
?ice?aaeaiue — niin?a cae?eniaiiy cei/eio, ianoaaeie eiai a/eiaiiy oa
iaoai?ci ne?aeiooai?aiiy oa noa? oaeoi?ii, yeee aecia/a? ae?yeuei?noue
cei/eiii? a?oie a oe?eiio. ?ieueia? ooieoe?? ?ice?aaea/?a a iaoai?ci?
?ice?aaeaiiy aecia/athoueny oaeiae oa?aeoa?ii ?o aca?iia?aeiinei,
noaoaaeie, a?eiaeie, ineoieia?/ieie oa ae?eiaeie yeinoyie. Ii ni?aaao
cacia/aii? eaoaai??? oa?aeoa?i? aeineoue aenieee ina?oi?e ??aaiue
?ice?aaea/?a, cia/iee ianya ciaiue oa i?ioan?eia i?aeoeea.

A oinoiio i?ae?icae?e? aecia/athoueny e?ei?iae?noe/i? aniaeoe iane?aee?a
?ice?aaeaiiy o no/anieo oiiaao. I?iaiae?ciaaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiiyoue
?ici?? aee?aaeaiiai oa ?ici?? caaaeaieo caeoe?a, aeacaii ia
iaiao?aei?noue ?o ?iciaaeoaaiiy.

Aaoi? cacia/a?, ui o no/anieo oiiaao cia/ieo ci?i iaaoea iaoiaeeea
ia/enethaaiiy ?ici??o aee?aaeaiiai iaeia, ui iia`ycaii ?c cia/ieie
ci?iaie a i?aai?caoe?? oa ii?yaeeo aaaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo a
Oe?a?i?, ia?aoiae? aei i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a iae?eo. Iniaeeai oea
noino?oueny ni?aa, iia`ycaieo c iacaeiiiith i?eaaoecaoe??th —
caieaeaiiyi aaeainiai? aa?oino? ia`?eo?a i?eaaoecaoe??, iai?aaeeueiei
canoinoaaiiyi ciiaeueieo ei?oo?oe?aio?a, oiui.

A?aei?/a?oueny, ui iaoiaeeea ia/enethaaiiy caeoe?a ca aeacaiith
eaoaai???th ni?aa iiaeiia a?oiooaaoenue ia iieiaeaiiyo Iaoiaeeee ioe?iee
aa?oino? ia`aeo?a i?eaaoecaoe??, caoaa?aeaeaiith Iinoaiiaith EI Oe?a?ie
a?ae 18.01.95 ?. ?36 oa ?ioeo ii?iaoeaieo aeoao c oeueiai ieoaiiy,
ia?ae?e yeeo iaaiaeeoueny o aeena?oaoe??.

?icae?e 3 “Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue” neeaaea?oueny
c oanoe i?ae?icae?e?a.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? iienothoueny e?ei?iae?noe/i? ieoaiiy ?icaeyaeo
ne?ae/ei iaoa??ae?a i?i ?ice?aaeaiiy, aeae?eai? iciaee (ne?aee), ui
na?ae/aoue i?i iiaeeea?noue a/eiaiiy cei/eio, ioa?aeoa?eciaai? i?eaeaee
aei ii?ooaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa i?i ?ice?aaeaiiy, ye? a/eiythoueny o
no/anieo oiiaao, c o?aooaaiiyi ?o iniaeeainoae.

Aaoi? ia iniia? aiae?co e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa oa iaoa??ae?a ia?aa??ie
noiniaii ?ice?aaeaiue, cae?enithaaieo c aeei?enoaiiyi neoaeaiaiai
iieiaeaiiy, ?iaeoue aeniiaie i?i oa, ui aeanieeai i?eaaoieo oa
eieaeoeaieo i?aei?e?inoa (aac /anoee aea?aeaaii? aeaniino?) o?aaa
iaaeaoe i?aai naiei ae??ooaaoe, a yeiio ii?yaeeo ia?ane?aeoaaoe
?ice?aaea/?a ?o iaeia (a e?ei?iaeueiiio, oeea?eueii-i?aaiaiio) aai ia
ia?ane?aeoaaoe cian?i. sseui i?aeoiaeeoe aei oeueiai ieoaiiy ?iaeoa,
i?iaiaey/e ?icne?aeoaaiiy aac a?aooaaiiy aeoiee aeaniee?a, iiaeeeai
ii?ooeoe ?o eiinoeoooe?ei? i?aaa. Oaea iiaaoe?y aaaaea?oueny
iaa?oioiaaiith, ia? nai? aiaeiae o e?ei?iaeuei?e i?aeoeoe? aeiiii?/ii
?icaeiooeo e?a?i Caoiaeo.

Ia iiaeyae aeena?oaioa, iio??aii ci?ieoe caaaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co
eaoaai??? ?ice?aaeaiiy, i?eaanoe eiai o a?aeiia?aei?noue c no/anieie
aeiiaaie.

A aeena?oaoe?? ia i?aenoaa? ocaaaeueiaiiy i?aeoeee oa aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? ioa?aeoa?eciaai? i?eaeaee aei
ii?ooaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa i?i ?ice?aaeaiiy, ye? a/eiythoueny o
no/anieo oiiaao, c o?aooaaiiyi ?o iniaeeainoae.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? aeine?aeaeai? iniaeeaino? iiia?aaeiuei?
ia?aa??ee oa cae?aiiy ia?a?nieo iaoa??ae?a, ye? neoaeaoue i?aenoaaith
aeey ii?ooaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa ca icia/aiith eaoaai???th ni?aa.
Aecia/ai? aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??, ca aeiiiiiaith yeeo ne?ae/ee ia? ciiao
io?eiaoe a?aeiiino? i?i a/eiai? ?ice?aaeaiiy. Iaaaaeai? oeiia? aa?n??,
ye? aenoaathoueny ii ni?aaao cacia/aii? eaoaai???.

A aeena?oaoe?? cacia/a?oueny, ui a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a i?e ae??oaii?
ieoaiiy i?i ii?ooaiiy e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae ca iciaeaie no. 84 EE
i?iaiaeyoue iiia?aaeith ia?aa??eo, ni?yiiaai?noue, ianya oa oe?e? yei?
iaoiiaeththoueny iaaieie oaeoaie, ye? ? o ?icii?yaeaeaii? ne?ae/iai.
Oaea ia?aa??ea, a caeaaeiino? a?ae ia’?eoo, ia yeiio aiia i?iaiaeeoueny,
neeaaea?oueny c: 1) aeo?aaoaaiiy aeieoiaio?a, ye? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aai
ni?inoiaothoue aeeeaaeai? o ia?aeiieo iaoa??aeao aeai?; 2)iaea?aeaiiy
?ic’yniaiue a?ae ie?aieo in?a, ui iathoue a?aeiioaiiy aei ni?aae; 3)
aea/aiiy oaoiieia?? ae?iaieoeoaa aai oa?aeoa?o ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa, ia yeiio nei?ii ?ice?aaeaiiy; 4) aea/aiiy ii?iaoea?a, ui
?aaeaiaioothoue ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoaa, oa iniaeeainoae eiai
ae?yeueiino?; 5) aea/aiiy oiaa?i- oa aeieoiaioiia?ao oeueiai
i?aei?e?inoaa, i?aai?caoe?e-eiio?aaaio?a, oa i?iaaaeaiiy aea??eiaeo
?iaaioa??caoe?e, ?aa?c?e; 6) ia?aa??ee noaio iae?eo, caa??aaiiy,
aeo?a/aiiy oiaa?i-iaoa??aeueieo oe?iiinoae, ca?oiino?.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? aecia/ai? ieoaiiy aca?iiae?? ne?ae/iai c
aea?aeaaieie eiio?iethth/eie i?aaiaie (Aea?aeaaia iiaeaoeiaa ?iniaeoe?y
Oe?a?ie, Eiio?ieueii-?aa?c?eia oi?aae?iiy, Iaoe?iiaeueiee aaie Oe?a?ie),
c? niaoe?aeueieie i?ae?icae?eaie i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa (OAIC) ?
Neoaeae aaciaee (a?aeae?e “E”) ii ai?iouea? c i?aai?ciaaiith
cei/eii?noth.

Aaoi? ?icaeyaea? aca?iiaeith i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aaiia, i?ioean
eii?aeeiaoei? ?o aeiyeueiinoi o i?ioean? ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue o
no/anieo oiiaao ye neeaaeio nenoaio, ui ?icaeaa?oueny i neeaaea?oueny c
aaaaoueio aca?iiiia’ycaieo no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaioia: neiae/eo,
iia?aoeaii-?icooeiaeo, aenia?oieo aeie oa caoiaeia
i?aaiicaoeieii-oi?aaeiinueeiai oa?aeoa?o.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny oi?ie aca?iiaei? i?aaiia
iiia?aaeiueiai neiaenoaa i aeiciaiiy, ye? a oeieiio iiaeieythoueny ia
aeai a?oie: ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiai (ia?aaeaa/aii caeiiiaeaa/i) oa
i?aaiicaoeieii-oaeoe/ii (i?yii ia iacaaii a caeiii). Aei
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aaoi? aeeth/a?: a) iaaeaiiy neiae/iio iaoa?iaeia i?i
aeyaeaii ca aeiiiiiaith iia?aoeaii-?icooeiaeo caoiaeia iciaee cei/eio
aeey ae?ioaiiy ieoaiiy i?i ii?ooaiiy e?eiiiaeueii? ni?aae; a)
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy neiae/ei i?ioeanoaeueieo aeie iaeii/anii ic caeieniaiiyi
i?aaiii aeiciaiiy iiaiaeaeaieo iia?aoeaii-?icooeiaeo caoiaeia; a)
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iia?aoeaii-?icooeiaeo caoiaeia o ni?aai, ca yeith ia
anoaiiaeaii iniao, eio?a a/eieea cei/ei, iiney ia?aaea/i oei?? ni?aae
neiae/iio; a) aeeiiaiiy aei?o/aiue neiae/iai ii ai?iaaaeaeaiith
?icooeiaeo aeie; ae) iiaiaeaeaia aaeeooy caoiaeia ii anoaiiaeaiith
iniae, yea iiaeeyaa? i?eoyaiaiith a yeinoi iaaeioaa/aiiai, iiney
i?ecoieiaiiy iiia?aaeiueiai neiaenoaa; a) iaea?aeaiiy iioi?iaoei? oa
aeieoiaioia i?i iia?aoei?, ?aooiee, aianee, aioo?ioii oa ciaiioii
aeiiiii/ii oaiaee oice/ieo i th?eaee/ieo inia, a?aeiinii yeeo ?
iaa?oioiaaia i?aeic?a uiaei i?e/aoiino? aei ?ice?aaeaiiy; ae) iaiii
iia?aoeaiith iioi?iaoei?th iiae niaoeiaeueieie iiae?icaeieaie ii
ai?ioueai c i?aaiiciaaiith cei/eiiinoth i?aaiia aioo?ioiio ni?aa i
Neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie.

O /aoaa?oiio i?ae?icae?e? aecia/ai? ia?a?ni? ne?ae/? ae?? ii ni?aaao
icia/aii? eaoaai???. Iaaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y aeieoiaio?a, ye?
i?aeeyaathoue aeeo/aiith oa aea/aiith a i?ioean? ?icne?aeoaaiiy
iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue, a/eiaieo o no/anieo oiiaao. Aeine?aeaeai?
iniaeeaino? iiaiaeaeaiiy c eiii`thoa?iith oaoi?eith i?e i?iaaaeaii?
ie?aieo ne?ae/eo ae?e.

A aeena?oaoe?? ni?aae i?i ?icaeyaeoaai? ?ice?aaeaiiy iiae?eythoueny ia
aea? eaoaai???: A) ii?ooai? ca iaoa??aeaie aeieoiaioaeueieo ?aa?c?e,
eiaaioa?ecaoeee, ?ioeo ia?aa??ie a?aeiia?aeieo eiio?iethth/eo,
?aa?c?eieo i?aai?a, i?ieo?aoo?e, i?i ye? a?aeiii cai?aeic?aiei iniaai;
A) ii?ooai? ia iniia? aaciina?aaeiueiai aee?eooy i?aaiaie ae?ciaiiy,
aeinoaeiaiai ne?aenoaa iciae ?ice?aaeaiiy, aai a ca’yceo c oaeeie
cayaaie oa iia?aeiieaiiyie, i?i ye? cai?aeic?ai? iniae ua ia ciathoue.

Aeena?oaio aeioiaeeoue aeniiaeo, ui iiaiioa ?ioi?iaoe?? ia
iiia?aaeiueiio aoai? aeicaiey? iae?aco ae i?ney ii/aoeo ne?aenoaa
i?iaiaeeoe on? ia?aaeaa/ai? caeiiii ne?ae/? ae??, iniaeeai eiee ae??
i?aai?ciaaia cei/eiia a?oia oa iio??ai? iaeii/ania? oaeaee?
i?ioeanoaeuei? ae?? i?ioe an?o /eai?a oa?oiiaaiiy, eiee oaeoi? /ano noa?
ae??oaeueiei.

A ?iaio? cacia/a?oueny, ui eiee e?ei?iaeueia ni?aaa ii?ooo?oueny ca
iaoa??aeaie io?oe?eieo ia?aa??ie, a iniiao yeeo iieeaaeai?
?iaaioa??caoe?? oa aeieoiaioaeuei? ?aa?c??, oi oaeoi?o ?aioiaino?, ye
i?aaeei, iaia?. Oey ianoaaeia nooo?ai ci?ith? ia?ae?e, oa?aeoa? oa
iine?aeiai?noue i?iaaaeaeaiiy ia?a?nieo ne?ae/eo ae?e, ye? iaaiaeyoueny
a aeena?oaoe??.

O i`yoiio i?ae?icae?e? aecia/ai? iniiai? a?oie neooaoe?e, ui aeieeathoue
ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? ?icne?aeoaaiiy, a oaeiae eiiieaene ia?a?nieo oa
?ioeo ne?ae/eo ae?e, ui oa?aeoa?i? aeey oeeo neooaoe?e. Ia?a?niee aoai
?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue iiaea i?noeoe a nia? o?e ??ciiiai?oi?
ne?ae/? neooaoe??.

Ia?oa ne?ae/a neooaoe?y iiaea iaoe i?noea, eiee e?ei?iaeueia ni?aaa
ii?ooo?oueny ca iaoa??aeaie iia?aoeaieo ?ic?iaie ni?a?ia?oiee?a AeNAAC,
OAIC, NAO, iiaeaoeiai? i?e?oe??. (Aeaia neooaoe?y ciaoiaeeoue
a?aeia?aaeaiiy a i. 5 no. 94 EIE Oe?a?ie “aaciina?aaei? aee?eooy i?aaiii
ae?ciaiiy… iciae cei/eio”). A ?iaio? oey ne?ae/a neooaoe?y
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cia/iei ianyaii iaeiie/aii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i iciaee
?ice?aaeaiiy oa in?a, ui eiai a/eieee, a oaeiae ni?ao/aniee?a cei/eio,
i?noea, /an, niin?a ?ice?aaeaiiy, eaiaee ?aae?caoe?? aee?aaeaiiai oa
?ioa.

Ae?oaa ne?ae/a neooaoe?y ia? i?noea, eiee e?ei?iaeueia ni?aaa
ii?ooo?oueny ca iaoa??aeaie ieaiiai? aai iaieaiiai? ?aa?c?? (a?aeii/i?
aai E?O), ia?aa??ee iiaeaoeiaeo i?aai?a, iia?aeiieaiue aoaeeoi?nueeeo
i?aai?caoe?e ii ?acoeueoaoao ?oiuei? ia?aa??ee, ii ?acoeueoaoao
?iaaioa?ecaoe?? iaeia i?aei?e?inoaa a i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee aei
i?eaaoecaoe??; ii ?acoeueoaoao ia?aa??ie OAeI oa ?ioeo, a yeeo
i?noyoueny a?aeiiino? i?i cia/io ianoa/o, iaaeeeoee, iaaeinoia??io
ioe?ieo, caieaeaiiy aa?oino? aai ?io? oaeoe c iciaeaie ?ice?aaeaiiy.

O?aoy ne?ae/a neooaoe?y ia? i?noea, eiee aei ne?ae/eo aai
iia?aoeaii-?icooeiaeo i?aai?a iaaeoiaeyoue iia?aeiieaiiy a?ae iinaaeiaeo
in?a, a?iiaaeyi, neaiaee c cania?a ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? ? ?io? io?oe?ei?
aeai?, ui aeacothoue ia iiaeeea? cei/eii? ae?? c iaeiii i?aei?e?inoa ?
i?aai?caoe?e.

Icia/ai? ne?ae/? neooaoe?? iiaeooue aooe aeaoae?ciaai? c o?aooaaiiyi
oiai, yea ?ioi?iaoe?y i?noeoueny a ia?aeiieo aeaieo i?i iniiai?
ianoaaeie ?ice?aaeaiiy, cie?aia i?i i?noea, /an, niiniae ?ice?aaeaiiy,
eiei in?a, ye? i?eeiaee o/anoue a iueiio, ia??iae cei/eiii? ae?yeueiino?
oiui. A?aeiiino? i?i icia/ai? ianoaaeie iiaeooue eiia?ioaaoeny a
??ciiiai?oiuo niieo/aiiyo (iaei? a?aeii?, ?ioeo iaia?) ? caaaeyee
oeueiio a ?aieao iniiaieo oeiiaeo ne?ae/eo neooaoe?e iiaeeeai
noai?thaaoe ie?ai?, eiie?aoi? neooaoe??, o a?aeiia?aeiino? c yeeie ?
aecia/athoueny iaoiaee ? caniae ?icne?aeoaaiiy.

O oinoiio i?ae?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? iniaeeaino? iiaeaeueoiai
?icne?aeoaaiiy oa eiai cae?i/aiiy. A ?iaio? cacia/a?oueny, cie?aia, ui
ia iniaeeaino? iiaeaeueoiai aoaio ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue nooo?ai
aieeaathoue oe?ea iecea /eiiee?a, ui oi?iothoueny a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ianoaaei iiia?aaeiueiai aoaio, a?ae oiai, iane?eueee ?ioi?iaoe?eii
iane/aieie oa ?acoeueoaoeaieie aoee ia?a?ni? ne?ae/? ae??. sseui ae
ianoaaeie, ui ia?aa??ythoueny, iia’ycai? c iae?eii neeaaeieo i?ioean?a,
iiyniaiiy yeeo aeiaaa? iaoeiaeo ciaiue, niaoe?aeueieo ?ic?aooie?a a
aaeoc? oaoi?ee, iio??aia i?ecia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeieo noaeiaeo aenia?oec.
Aeacai? aenia?oece a oiae? ?icne?aeoaaiiy i?ecia/athoueny a
??ciiiai?oiiio ii?aeiaii? a caeaaeiino? a?ae iniaeeainoae aaeoc?, a ye?e
aoei a/eiaii ?ice?aaeaiiy, i?aaeiaoo iinyaaiiy, canoinoaaiiy
?ice?aaea/aie iaaieo niinia?a a/eiaiiy ? i?eoiaoaaiiy cei/eio ? ?yaeo
?ioeo ianoaaei.

Aaoi? a?aei?/a?, ui o no/anieo oiiaao ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue
aeniiaie ?enia?oa-aooaaeoa?a aai aenia?oa-aeiiii?noa a a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a ? iaeiei c aoaeoeaieo cania?a, yeee aeicaiey? aeyaeoe
neithaai? ?ice?aaeaiiy o o?iainiai-ainiiaea?/?e ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa, iniaeeai i?e i?iaaaeaii? i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaiiai iaeia.
Iniiaieie caaaeaiiyie noaeiai-aooaaeoa?nueei? oa o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii?
aenia?oece ii ni?aaao i?i ?ice?aaeaiiy, iia`ycai? c i?eaaoecaoe??th, ?:
aecia/aiiy i?aaeeueiino? ioe?iee i?aei?e?inoa, ui i?eaaoecothoueny;
aecia/aiiy ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a, ye? ?aaeaiaioothoue i?eaaoecaoe?th,
aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e ? eiio?ieue, ii?ooaiiy yeeo ni?eyee aai iiaee
ni?eyoe caieaeaieth ia’?eo?a aa?oino? i?eaaoecaoe??; aecia/aiiy eiea
iinaaeiaeo in?a, ciaia’ycaieo caaacia/eoe aeiiae ii?iaoeaieo
aeieoiaio?a, ii?ooaiiy yeeo anoaiiaeaia a oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O aeniiaeao, yeeie caaa?oo?oueny aeena?oaoe?y, i?aeaiaeyoueny i?aenoiee
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ocaaaeueiaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe. Aaoi? aeneiaeth?
i?iiiceoe??, ye? iathoue oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeey
aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue,
cie?aia:

— ia iniia? iieiaeaiue aeena?oaoe??, yea oyaey? niaith aeaeiao iaoiaeeeo
?icne?aeoaaiiy iinaaeiaeo ?ice?aaeaiue a oiiaao aeiiii?/ieo
ia?aoai?aiue, aeioe?eueii ?ic?iaeyoe ie?aie e?ei?iae?noe/i? iaoiaeeee a
caeaaeiino? a?ae iniaeeainoae aaeoc?, ii/aoeiai? ne?ae/i? neooaoe??,
cei/eiieo niinia?a, in?a, i?e/aoieo aei a/eiaiiy ?ice?aaeaiiy;

— iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy oeaio?ae?ciaaiiai
eiiiuethoa?iiai aaieo aeaieo noiniaii a?aeiieo niinia?a ?ice?aaeaiue oa
?o ??ciiaeae?a aeey iio?aa i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a;

— iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue ci?ieoe caaaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co
eaoaai??? ?ice?aaeaiiy, i?eaanoe eiai o a?aeiia?aei?noue c no/anieie
aeiiaaie, aeiiiaieoe e?ei?iaeueia caeiiiaeaanoai ii?iaie i?i
eiii`thoa?i? ?ice?aaeaiiy, a e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiee eiaeaen —
ii?iith i?i ii?ooaiiy oa ?icne?aeoaaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa oe???
eaoaai??? o?eueee ca cayaith iioa?i?ei? noi?iie (?? a?aeiia?aeieo
i?aai?a) oa i cae?eoo? i?iaaaeaeaiiy ii ni?aa? a ?ac? a?aeiiae
i?aei?e?inoaa a?ae aeiia, yeui ia ii?ooothoueny ?ioa?ane ?ioeo
aeaniee?a;

— iaiao?aeii i?eaanoe o a?aeiia?aei?noue i?ae niaith /eneai? ii?iaoeai?
aeoe, ye? ?aaoeththoue a?aeiineie o aeiiii?/i?e noa??, cie?aia i?e
i?eaaoecaoe??? aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. Aaaeinueeee A.C. Aeei?enoaiiy iaoeiaiai iioaioe?aeo aeey ?ic?iaee
iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue, a/eiaieo a oiiaao i?eaaoecaoe??
// A?niee Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — ? 4 (11). — n.
165-169.

2. Aaaeineee A.C. Aii?inu iaoiaeeee ?anneaaeiaaiey oeuaiee, niaa?oaaiuo
a oneiaeyo ?uii/iuo i?aia?aciaaiee // Oaiaaay yeiiiieea, i?iaeaiu
ai?ueau n i?aaieciaaiiie i?anooiiinoueth e ei??oioeeae a noa?a
yeiiiieee. Na. iaoa?eaeia “e?oaeiai noiea” — Eoaaine, ?EI EEAAe IAAe
Oe?aeiu 1997. — n. 151-154.

3. Aaaeinueeee A.C. I?i iaoiaee aeyaeaiiy eaoaioieo ?ice?aaeaiue a
oiiaao ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie // Aeei?enoaiiy aeinyaiaiue iaoee
? oaoi?ee o ai?iouea? c? cei/ei?noth: Iaoa??aee iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. 19
eenoii. 1997, — Oa?e?a: I?aai, 1998. — n. 127- 130.

4. Iaoonianueeee A.A., Ie?nn ?.I., Aaaeinueeee A.C. I?i iiaeeeaino?
aeei?enoaiiy iaoaiaoe/iiai aia?aoo aeyaeaiiy ?iceaaeiaiue aeey
aee?eaaiiy eaoaioieo ?ice?aaeaiue // A?niee Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe
Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — ? 4 (11). — n. 143-146.

5. Iaoonianueeee A.A., Ei?ae A.I., Aouai I.I., Aaaeinueeee A.C. I?iaeaie
?icne?aeoaaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa i?i cei/eie a noa?? aeiiii?ee //
I?aai Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — ? 8, n. 90-93.

6. Ei?ae A.I., Aouai I.I., Aaaeinueeee A.C., ?aaoe?ia I. I?iaeaie
?icne?aeoaaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa i?i cei/eie a noa?? aeiiii?ee //
A?niee Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie. — 1997. — ? 3 (10). —
n.156-163.

7. Iaoonianeee A.A., Aaaeineee A.C., Aiaeyineee ?.A., Ieenn E.I.
I?iaeaiu iao/iie ?ac?aaioee iaoiaeeee auyaeaiey yeiiiie/aneeo
i?anooieaiee // Oaiaaay yeiiiieea, i?iaeaiu ai?ueau n i?aaieciaaiiie
i?anooiiinoueth e ei??oioeeae a noa?a yeiiiieee: Na. iaoa?eaeia
“e?oaeiai noiea” — Eoaaine: ?EI EEAAe IAAe Oe?aeiu. — 1997. — n.138-140.

8. Iaoonianueeee A.A., Aiaeyinueeee A.A., Aouai I.I., Aaaeinueeee A.C.,
Ai?iaeenueeee I.I. I?aaiioi?iii? i?aaie o ai?iouea? c ei?oioe??th oa
i?aai?ciaaiith cei/eii?noth: eiiiaoaioe?y oa aca?iiae?y // Ieoaiiy
ai?ioueae c? cei/eii?noth. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue IAe?AIC Aeaaeai?? i?aaiaeo
iaoe Oe?a?ie. Aei. 2 — O.: I?aai, 1998. — n. 19-62.

Aiioaoe??

Aaaeinueeee Aaea??e Ceiiiiae/.

Iniiai? ieoaiiy iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue, ye?
a?aeaoaathoueny a oiiaao aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 12.00.09. — e?ei?iaeueiee i?ioean oa e?ei?iae?noeea;
noaeiaa aenia?oeca.

Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai,
Oa?e?a, 1999.

?oeiien ? aeine?aeaeaiiyi ia iiiia?ao?/iiio ??ai? iniiaieo ieoaiue
iaoiaeeee ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a oiiaao
aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue. Aea/ai? oa ocaaaeueiai? aeaiaioe
e?ei?iae?noe/ii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ice?aaeaiue: niiniae cei/ei?a, cie?aia,
i?e i?eaaoecaoe?? aea?aeaaiiai iaeia, aaie?anuee?e oa
e?aaeeoii-o?iainia?e noa?ao, a noa?? ainiiaea?nueeeo a?aeiinei i?ae
i?aei?e?inoaaie ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?. Iaaaaeaia ocaaaeueiaia
eeaneo?eaoe?y o?aaeeoe?eieo oa iiaeo niinia?a a/eiaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue, a
oaeiae nenoaia iciae ?ice?aaeaiue o no/anieo oiiaao. ?ic?iaeaia
iaoiaeeea aeyaeaiiy oa ?icne?aeoaaiiy ?ice?aaeaiue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaoiaeeea ?icne?aeoaaiiy, iinaaeia? ?ice?aaeaiiy,
niiniae ?ice?aaeaiue, iciaee ?ice?aaeaiue, e?ei?iae?noe/ia
oa?aeoa?enoeea.

Aaaeineee Aaea?ee Ceiiiiae/.

Iniiaiua aii?inu iaoiaeeee ?anneaaeiaaiey oeuaiee, niaa?oaaiuo a
oneiaeyo yeiiiie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaiee. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 12.00.09. — oaieiaiue i?ioeann e e?eieiaeenoeea;
noaeaaiay yenia?oeca.

Iaoeeiiaeueiay th?eaee/aneay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu eiaie ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai,
Oa?ueeia, 1999.

?oeiienue yaeyaony enneaaeiaaieai ia iiiia?aoe/aneii o?iaia iniiaiuo
aii?inia iaoiaeeee ?anneaaeiaaiey oeuaiee, niaa?oaaiuo a oneiaeyo
yeiiiie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaiee.

A ?aaioa inaauaaony nouiinoue yeiiiie/aneeo i?aia?aciaaiee, eioi?ua
aeeytho ia ninoiyiea e no?oeoo?o aeieaeiinoiuo oeuaiee a nia?aiaiiuo
oneiaeyo., i?iaiaeece?iaaiu aii?inu no?oeoo?u e aeeiaieee oeuaiee,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaiu n e?eieiaeenoe/aneie oi/ee c?aiey iaeaieaa
e?eieiiaaiiua noa?u e io?anee niaa?oaiey oeuaiee.

Ii?aaeaeyaony iaiaoiaeeiinoue oniaa?oainoaiaaiey iaoiaeeee
?anneaaeiaaiey aeieaeiinoiuo oeuaiee a nayce n ei?aiiuie eciaiaieyie a
noa?a yeiiiieee, eciaiaieyie a no?oeoo?a i?anooiiinoe, iaoaieciao e
niiniaao inouanoaeaiey e nie?uoey i?anooiiuo iinyaaoaeuenoa ia
nianoaaiiinoue, eioi?ua inouanoaeythony iaoa?eaeueii-ioaaonoaaiiuie e
aeieaeiinoiuie eeoeaie, a oaeaea iiyaeaieai iiauo noa? e io?aneae,
noaaoeo iauaeoii i?anooiiuo iinyaaoaeuenoa.

Aeaeaaony auaiae i oii, /oi oniaa?oainoaiaaiea iaoiaeeee ?anneaaeiaaiey
aeieaeiinoiuo oeuaiee iiaeao inouanoaeyoueny, e?iia ?ac?aaioee iiauo
iaoiaeee eee niaa?oainoaiaaiey nouanoaothueo, oaeaea ae?oaeie iooyie, a
/anoiinoe, n iiiiuueth eco/aiey i?iaeaiu oaaee/aiey eaoaioiinoe aeaiiie
eaoaai?ee i?anooieaiee. I?eaaaeaiu e i?iaiaeece?iaaiu iiaua niiniau
yeiiiieei-e?eieiaeenoe/aneiai aiaeeca oicyenoaaiiie aeayoaeueiinoe
i?aaei?eyoey.

Iainiiaaia eiioeaioeey e ?ac?aaioaiu iniiaiua iieiaeaiey
e?eieiaeenoe/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeee aeieaeiinoiuo oeuaiee, niaa?oaaiuo a
nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo. Enneaaeiaaia e?eieiaeenoe/aneay i?iaeaia iaoaiecia
oaeeo oeuaiee, niioiioaiey iaoaiecia e niiniaia niaa?oaiey oeuaiee a
iauae no?oeoo?a yeaiaioia e?eieiaeenoe/aneie oa?aeoa?enoeee.

I?eiaiaiu iiaua iiaeoiaeu i?e enneaaeiaaiee e?eieiaeenoe/aneeo aniaeoia
ianoaiiaee e oneiaee niaa?oaiey aeieaeiinoiuo oeuaiee, auaeaeaiu a?
iniiaiua eiiiiiaiou:

I?iaiaeece?iaaia nenoaia ecaanoiuo niiniaia oeuaiee, oeacaiu i?enouea ae
iaaeinoaoee. Eco/aiu e eeanneoeoee?iaaiu iiaua niiniau oeuaiee,
i?eiaiyaiua a i?anooiiie i?aeoeea, a /anoiinoe, i?e i?eaaoecaoeee
ainoaea?noaaiiiai eiouanoaa, a aaieianeie e e?aaeeoii-oeiainiaie noa?a,
a noa?a oicyenoaaiiuo ioiioaiee iaaeaeo i?aaei?eyoeyie ?acee/iuo oi?i
nianoaaiiinoe.

I?eaiaeeony iaiau?iiay eeanneoeeaoeey o?aaeeoeeiiiuo e iiauo niiniaia
niaa?oaiey oeuaiee, a oaeaea nenoaia i?eciaeia oeuaiee a nia?aiaiiuo
oneiaeyo, n oeacaieai io?aneae, eioi?ua iaeaieaa iiaeaa?aeaiiu
oeuaieyi.

Ii?aaeaeaii iiiyoea enoi/ieea oeuaiey e aai ninoaaiua /anoe. I?eaaaeaia
e i?iaiaeece?iaaia eeanneoeeaoeey nia?aiaiiuo enoi/ieeia oeuaiee.

I?iaiaeece?iaai i?aaeiao iinyaaoaeuenoaa, eae yeaiaio e?eieiaeenoe/aneie
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeieaeiinoiuo oeuaiee, a /anoiinoe, iiaua aai
?aciiaeaeiinoe.

A ?aaioa aeaia e?eieiaeenoe/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea ee/iinoe ?anoeoeoaey ia
iniiaa nioeeaeueii-aeaiia?aoe/aneeo, ineoieiae/aneeo, i?ioanneiiaeueiuo
e e?eieiieiae/aneeo i?eciaeia.

Enneaaeiaaiu e?eieiaeenoe/aneea aniaeou iineaaenoaee oeuaiee a
nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo. I?iaiaeece?iaaii niioiioaiea iiiyoee “?acia?
iioeuaiiiai” e “?acia? i?e/ei?iiiai oua?aa”, oeacaii ia iaiaoiaeeiinoue
eo ?aca?aie/aiey.

Enneaaeiaaiu aii?inu ?anniio?aiey iaoa?eaeia i niaa?o?iiuo oeuaieyo,
ioa?aeoa?eciaaiu iiaiaeu e aicaoaeaeaieth oaieiaiuo aeae i oeuaieyo,
niaa?oaaiuo a nia?aiaiiuo oneiaeyo, n o/?oii eo iniaaiiinoae.
?anniio?aiu iniaaiiinoe i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie i?iaa?ee e nai?a
ia?aiia/aeueiuo iaoa?eaeia, eioi?ua neoaeao iniiaaieai aeey
aicaoaeaeaiey oaieiaiuo aeae oeacaiiie eaoaai?ee. Ii?aaeaeaiu enoi/ieee
eioi?iaoeee, n iiiiuueth eioi?uo neaaeiaaoaeue eiaao aiciiaeiinoue
iieo/eoue naaaeaiey i niaa?o?iiuo oeuaieyo.

I?eaaaeaiu oeiiaua aa?nee, eioi?ua auaeaeaathony ii aeaeai oeacaiiie
eaoaai?ee. A ?aaioa enneaaeiaaiu aii?inu acaeiiaeaenoaey neaaeiaaoaey n
ainoaea?noaaiiuie eiio?iee?othueie i?aaiaie (Ainoaea?noaaiiay iaeiaiaay
aaeieieno?aoeey Oe?aeiu, Eiio?ieueii-?aaeceiiiia oi?aaeaiea,
Iaoeeiiaeueiue aaie Oe?aeiu e ae?.), ni niaoeeaeueiuie iiae?acaeaeaieyie
i?aaiia aioo?aiieo aeae e Neoaeau aaciianiinoe Oe?aeiu ii ai?ueaa n
i?aaieciaaiiie i?anooiiinoueth.

A ?aaioa i?iaiaeece?iaaiu ia?aiia/aeueiua neaaenoaaiiua aeaenoaey ii
aeaeai oeacaiiie eaoaai?ee, iniiaiua a?oiiu neooaoeee, eioi?ua
aicieeatho ia ia?aiia/aeueiii yoaia ?anneaaeiaaiey, a oaeaea eiiieaenu
ia?aiia/aeueiuo e iineaaeothueo neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee, eioi?ua
oa?aeoa?iu aeey yoeo neooaoeee.

I?eaiaeeony eeanneoeeaoeey aeieoiaioia, eioi?ua iiaeeaaeao ecuyoeth e
eco/aieth a i?ioeanna ?anneaaeiaaiey aeieaeiinoiuo oeuaiee. Enneaaeiaaiu
iniaaiiinoe ia?auaiey n eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieeie i?e i?iaaaeaiee
ioaeaeueiuo neaaenoaaiiuo aeaenoaee. ?anniio?aiu aii?inu eniieueciaaiey
niaoeeaeueiuo ciaiee e i?iaaaeaiey noaeaaiuo yenia?oec i?e
?anneaaeiaaiee aeieaeiinoiuo oeuaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaoiaeeea ?anneaaeiaaiey, aeieaeiinoiua oeuaiey,
niiniau oeuaiee, i?eciaee oeuaiee, e?eieiaeenoe/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea.

Baginsky Valeri Zinonovich.

The basic questions of a technique of investigation of plunders, made in
modern conditions. — Manuscript.

The dissertation for the competition for scientific degree of Candidate
of Sciences (Law), speciality 12.00. 09. — criminal procedure,
criminalistic and judge expertise.

The National Law Academy of Ukraine named after Yaroslav Moudriy,
Kharkov, 1999.

The manuscript is research at a monographic level of the basic questions
of a technique of investigation of plunders made in conditions of
economic transformations. Are investigated and the new ways of plunders
used in criminal practice, in particular are generalized, at a
privatization of state property, in bank, monetary and financial sphere,
in sphere of the economic attitudes between the enterprises of various
patterns of ownership. The generalized classification of traditional and
new ways of fulfilment of plunders, and also system of attributes of
plunders in modern conditions are resulted.

Key words: a technique of investigation, official plunders, ways of
plunders, attributes of plunders, criminalistics characteristic.

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione: ae.th.i., i?io. Eiiiaaeiaa A.I.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo __04.1999. Oi?iao 60O90/16. Iai?? ionaoiee.

A?aeae?oeiaaii ia ?ecia?ao?. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e 0,6. Iae?e.-aeae. a?e.
1,0.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? 520

_______________________

Ae?oea?iy

Iaoe?iiaeueii? th?eaee/ii? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ?iai? ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai

310024, Oa?e?a, aoe. Iooe?inueea, 77

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