2

OI?AA?NEOAO AIOO??OI?O NI?AA

NE*IAA Oaoyia Aaiiaae??aia

OAeE 323.21 (477)

INIIAE NOAA?EUeIINO? IIE?OE*IIAI

?AAEEIO A OE?A?I?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 23.00.02 — iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe ? i?ioeane

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? iie?oieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? *ea?eiia

Aaneeue ?aaiiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iie?oieia??

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? ?noi?e/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Anoaoiaa Eaoa?eia

A?eoi??aia, ia?oee i?i?aeoi? Oa?e?anueeiai aoiai?oa?-

iiai ?inoeoooo “Ia?iaeia oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y”;

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio Ei?iaiaeia

Ieeiea Aaneeueiae/ caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith

oe?a?iiciaanoaa ? iie?oieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai

oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie ?i.
ss?ineaaa

Ioae?iai, eaoaae?a nioe?ieia?? ? iie?oieia??

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “29”a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo ia 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.64.700.01 a Oi?aa?neoao? aioo??oi?o
ni?aa ca aae?anith: 310080, i. Oa?e?a, i?. 50-??//y N?N?, 27.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oi?aa?neoaoo
aioo??oi?o ni?aa. (i. Oa?e?a, i?. 50-??//y N?N?, 27.)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “27”eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Aioe A.ss.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Noaiiaeaiiy a?aee?eoiai noni?euenoaa,
aeaiiioaae eiioi?noe/iiai ?aaeeio oa i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii?
iiaea?i?caoe?? iio?aaothoue aaeaeaaoieo ci?i a i?aai?caoe?? anueiai
noni?eueiiai oe?eiai, cie?aia a iie?oe/i?e noa??. I?e/iio eaeaoueny i?i
aaaaoiieaiia?, aeeaeii? ia?aoai?aiiy, ui oi?eathoueny iniiaieo noi??i
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?. Caaaeaiiy eiai
iinooioae?oa?ii? o?ainoi?iaoe?? oneeaaeiththoueny e?eciaeie oiiaaie
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo, oiio iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaa? i?iaeaia
noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio. Ii-ia?oa, iaeoaeaeoa ? iaeiaio
aieth/a i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaea?i?caoe?? ia?aaeaa/a? i?eeiyooy
a noni?euenoa? oa aei ea??aieoeoaa iie?oe/ieie i?ioeanaie iiai?
no?aoaa?? noaa?eueiino?, ui a?aeiia?aea? ia?aoiaeo a?ae oioaeueiiai aei
eiieo?aioiiai oeio noni?eueii? aca?iiae??. Ii-ae?oaa, a?aeiiaa a?ae
aaniethoecaoe?? eiioe?eoiino? nioe?aeueii? noa?e, iiey?ii? ianoi?niino?
?ioa?an?a noni?eueieo a?oi, ui aeeeeeaii caa?oaiiyi aei e?aa?aeueiiai
ni?eeiaiiy noaa?eueiino?, iaieio/a i?ecaiaeeoue aei iaiao?aeiino?
ooaa?aeaeaiiy eiinainonii? no?aoaa?? noaa?eueiino?, ci???ioiaaii? ia
oi?ioaaiiy noni?eueiiai neioaco. Ii-o?ao?, ia?ao?ae a?ae iaoiae?a
inaaaeineioaco eiioi?noe/iiai oeio aei iaoiae?a
nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiiai neioaco aeiaaa? aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo
neeaaeiaeo, ui ni?eyee a eiinie?aeaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa.
Ii-/aoaa?oa, oni?o aeaiie?aoe/ieo ia?aoai?aiue a Oe?a?i? caeaaeeoue a?ae
noai?aiiy oiia aeey iinooiiai? oa iine?aeiaii? ?aae?caoe?? oaeoi??a
noaa?eueiino? aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio. Ii-i’yoa,
aeenooieoe?? a noa?? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?, iineaaeaiiy aai ae
a?aenooi?noue oaeoi??a noaa?eueiino? aeooae?cothoue iiooee oeyo?a
iiaeieaiiy oiai noaiiaeua, ui neeaeiny. Ana oea na?ae/eoue i?i
iaaecae/aeio aaaeeea?noue nenoaiii? ?ic?iaee oa oaeineiiaeaiiy
eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae iiaeae? noaa?eueiino?, aaeaeaaoii? oiiaai
aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaea?i?caoe?? c o?aooaaiiyi on?o iaeaaaeeea?oeo oaeoi??a
?? oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo.

Iaiao?aei?noue a?oioiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie noaa?euei?noue
iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio iaoiiaeth?oueny noaiii aea/aiiy ?? a i?aoeyo a/aieo.

I?iaeaia iaee?auiai aea?aeaaiiai ono?ith, ui caaacia/o? noaa?euei?noue
nioe?oio, i?eaa?oaea oaaao ieneeoae?a ua ca /an?a a?aoeueei? iie?o??.
Ii/eiath/e a?ae A??noioaey (Iieeoeea // Ni/.: A 4 o. – I.: Iuneue, 1983.
– O.4. – N.375 – 644.), ie iiaeaii i?inoaaeeoe aeaa aaeoi?e a ?icaeyae?
no?aoaa?? noaa?eueiino?: aeinyaiaiiy ?? /a?ac oioaeuei?noue oa caaaeyee
iaoai?ciai ?aaoeyoe?? eiieo?aioii? noni?eueii? aca?iiae??. Uiaei
inoaiiueiai aaeoi?a, oi a Iiaee /an inoaoi/ii aecia/eany iai?yiie eiai
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ci?noo – i?aaa iniae, ?o i??i?eoao. ?ic?iaea iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue e?aa?aeueii? (eiieo?aioii?) no?aoaa?? noaa?eueiino?
i?noeoueny a ?iaioao O.E.Iiioane’? (I aeooa caeiiia // Eca?. i?ieca. –
I.: Ainiieeoecaeao, 1955. – N. 159 – 733n.), A. aea Oiea?ey (Aeaiie?aoey
a Aia?eea. – I.: I?ia?ann, 1992. – 560 n.).

Na?aae i?aaenoaaiee?a oae caaiiai oioaeueiiai iai?yieo a ?icoi?ii?
noaa?eueiino? iaea?eueo a?aeii? oae? ieneeoae?, ye I.Iae?aaaee?
(Ainoaea?ue: Ia?. n eo. – I.: Ieaiaoa, 1990. – 84 n.), O.Aiaan
(Eaaeaoai, eee iaoa?ey, oi?ia e aeanoue ainoaea?noaa oea?eiaiiai e
a?aaeaeaineiai: Ia?. n eao. e aiae. // Ni/.: A 2 o. – I.: Iuneue, 1991.
– O. 2. – 731 n). Aeacaia no?aoaa?y ia ? iaeii??aeiith. Ie iiaeaii
aecia/eoe aeaa iaea?eueo caaaeuei? iai?yiee: nioe?iaeii?iaioiee,
eeane/iee ae?ac yeiai ie aa/eii aaea o AE.-AE.?onni (O?aeoaou. – I.:
Iaoea, 1969. – 703 n.), oa aea?aeaaioeaio?e/iee, anaa?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
yeiai aea? O.Aiaan. Iaiao?aeii cacia/eoe, ui oioaeueia oa e?aa?aeueia
no?aoaa?? – oea nai???aei? “/eno?” oeie. Aeaiaioe ?o iiaeooue
ia?aoeiaoeny, ooai?thaaoe ci?oai? oeie. C?acie iiae?aiiai neioaco –
eiioeaioe?y ieaa?noeeoa?ii? aeaiie?ao?? Iaena Aaaa?a (Iieeoeea eae
i?ecaaiea e i?ioanney // Eca?. i?ieca.: Ia?. n iai. – I.: I?ia?ann,
1990. – 706 n.).

A oe?a?inuee?e iie?oe/i?e aeoioe? aei?aaeyinueeiai (na?aaeeia OIO –
ii/aoie OX no.) ? ?aaeyinueeiai ia??iae?a (oe?a?inuee? iie?oieiae
ca?oa?aeaey) i?aaaeth? e?aa?aeueia ?icoi?iiy noaa?eueiino?.
I.?.Einoiia?ia (“Caeii aiaeie” (Eieaa aoooy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo). –
E.: Eeaiaeue, 1991. – 40 n.), I.N.A?ooaanueeee (Ia ii?ici iiai? Oe?a?ie:
Aaaeee ? i?i?. – E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1991. – 121 n.), A. Eeieinueeee
(Eenoe aei a?aoia-oeiai?iaia // Inoi?iy oieinioi? Oe?a?ie. O?anoiiaoiy.
– E.: Eeaiaeue, 1993. – N. 456 – 465.), I. Eenye-?oaeieoeueeee (Oe?a?ia
iiae noiaeii ? caoiaeii // Inoi?iy oieinioi? Oe?a?ie. O?anoiiaoiy. – E.:
Eeaiaeue, 1993. – N. 511 – 520.) oa ?io? aaaaeaee ca aeii?iaioe aeciaiiy
naiaiaee iniae, ?? i?aa, i?eoeeuei?noue aei ia?aaeeaie ci?i ye yeino?
noaa?eueii? aea?aeaae, iaaeaiiy ia?iaeia? Oe?a?ie oeaio?aeueiiai i?noey
a nenoai? oe?iiinoae oa aeciaiiy oaeeo eiai ?en, ye aeaiie?aoeci,
niai?i?noue. O iie?oeei-?inoeoooe?iiaeueiiio aniaeo? oa?aeoa?iei ?
caa?iaiiy aei iie?oe/ieo oi?i ye iaiao?aeiiai oaeoi?a i?aeianaiiy
nioe?aeueiiai cia/aiiy iniae. Noaa?euei?noue nioe?oio, ye ?
noaa?euei?noue aea?aeaae, iia’ycoaaeany c ?ica’ycaiiyi i?iaeai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o.

Ia??iae OIO – ii/aoie OO no. oa?aeoa?eco?oueny i?eaa?iaiiyi iniaeeai?
oaaae aei oaie aei?aaaeaiue ?aea? aeaiie?ao??, ?? iaa?oiooaaiiy. C oeei
eiioaenoii iia’ycoaaeany i?iaeaia noaa?eueiino?. Aea ca nai???aeiith
ca/a?iaai?noth aeaiie?ao??th aec??aa? caiaiiei?i?noue ?? e?eoe?noth oa
i?ioe??//yie. Ia?ao?ae a?ae o?einionueeiai aei iie?oe/iiai aoaio
?icaeoeo iie?oe/ii? iaoee iicia/eany ia oiio, ui iie?oe/i? ciaiiy
iaaoaathoue a?eueo i?aeoe/iiai ci?noo. Oea ?aeue?oii a?aeia?aaeaii o
aecia/aii? E.Ooiiaoa?ii (Eaieoaeeci, nioeeaeeci e aeaiie?aoey. – I.:
Yeiiiieea, 1995. – 540 n.) aeaiie?ao?? ye iie?oe/iiai iaoiaeo aeey
i?eeiyooy iie?oe/ieo, caeiiiaeaa/eo, aaei?i?no?aoeaieo ??oaiue, ui
caniiaaiee ia eiieo?aioe?? iioaioe?eieo oai?oe?a iie?oeee ca aieine
ia?iaeo.

Aeania eaoaai??y “noaa?euei?noue” oa ?? ??ciioaeoi?iee aiae?c o
no/aniiio ?icoi?ii? c’yaey?oueny a iie?oe/i?e iaooe? Caoiaeo o
i?neyai?iiee ia??iae. Oe?ie? aeine?aeaeaiiy a oe?e aaeoc? aoee iia’ycai?
c aeaiie?aoe/ieie o?ainoi?iaoe?yie eieeoiio oaoenonueeeo ?aaeei?a,
iaiaaaiiyie o 50-60-o? ?iee aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaea?i?caoe?? a e?a?iao, aea
ia?aiiaee iaoe?iiaeueii-aecaieuei? ?ooe, oa caoai?noth i?yiiai
eii?thaaiiy /oaeiai aeina?aeo, caa?icith e?aa?aeuei?e aeaiie?ao?? c aieo
eiioi?noe/ii? ?iia???. Oai??th ? iaoiaeieia?th i?iaeaie noaa?eueiino?
aeine?aeaeoaaee A.Aeiiiae (A?aaeaeaineay eoeueoo?a e noaaeeueiinoue
aeaiie?aoee // Iieen. – 1992. – ? 4. – N. 122 – 134.), ?.Aeaeue
(Iieea?oey, ieth?aeeci e i?ino?ainoai // Aii?. oeeinioee. – 1994. – ? 3.
– N. 37 – 48.), Aeae.Aeueth? (Aeaiie?aoe/aneia ainoaea?noai // Iieen. –
1994. – ? 3. – N. 38 – 44.), A.Eaeioa?o (Ni-iauanoaaiiia eiino?oe?iaaiea
// Iieen. – 1992. – ? 4. – N. 135 – 143.), N.E?inao (Iieeoe/aneay
nioeeieiaey // Aia?eeaineay nioeeieiaey: Ia?niaeoeau. I?iaeaiu. Iaoiaeu.
– I.: I?ia?ann, 1972. – N. 203 – 219.), I.I?aeaooe (Yaiethoeey
iieeoe/aneie oai?ee Caiaaea e i?iaeaiu einoeoooeeiiaeueiiai aeecaeia //
Aii?. oeeinio. – 1994. – ? 3. – N. 24 – 36.), Aeae.Ia?niin (Aaaaeaiea //
Aia?eeaineay nioeeieiaey: Ia?niaeoeau.I?iaeaiu. Iaoiaeu. – I.: I?ia?ann,
1972. – N. 25 – 36.) oa ?i. Ca?oa?aeia iie?oe/ia iaoea i?noeoue ye
nenoaiiee aiae?c iaoai?cio noaa?eueiino?, oae ? ?ic?iaeo ie?aieo ??
aniaeo?a. Na?aae ieo: iie?oeei-eoeueoo?i? oa?aeoa?enoeee, nioe?aeueia
iniiaa, iie?oeei-?inoeoooe?iiaeueia i?aai?caoe?y oa ?io? oiiae
noaa?eueiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio aai
eiai ooaa?aeaeaiiy.

A iie?oe/i?e iaooe? Oe?a?ie oa e?a?i aeeaeiueiai ca?oa?aeaey aaaeeeaa
i?noea caeiathoue: i?iaeaia ooaa?aeaeaiiy iiai? no?aoaa?? noaa?eueiino?
(A?eeinueeee A. Aea?aeaaa ? noni?euenoai. Ia?oia?noai ca?aaee
noaa?eueiino? // A?/a. – 1995. – ? 7. – N. 80 – 91., Iaoaeueiaa O.
E?aa?ae?ci /e iaoe?iiae-aeaiie?aoeci? // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. – 1995. –
? 12. – N. 19 – 22., Ooeea I. ?aeaieia?y oa aea?aeaaa ye /eiieee
oai?aiiy iiai? Oe?a?ie (canaaee iie?oeei-?aeaieia?/ii? aeieo?eie) //
Iie?oieia. /eoaiiy. – 1995. – ? 2. – N. 109 – 139.), ieoaiiy oiia
iacai?ioiino? o?ainoi?iaoe?e oa ?o ?acoeueoaoeaiino? (Iie?oieia?y
iinoeiioi?cio: Iie?oe/iee aiae?c iinoeiioi?noe/ieo noni?euenoa / Ea?.
aaoi?nuee. eieaeoeao A.Iieioaei. – E.: Iie?oe/ia aeoiea, 1995. – 368 n.,
Oai?oia I. Oe?a?inueea iaioaeuei?noue: iino?iia?nueea oa
iino?iaeono??aeueia aoooy // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. – 1995. – ? 10. – N.
31 – 33., ?aaioo ?. Aeiiii?/ia iie?oeea aea?aeaae ? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. – 1997. – ? 2. – N.
31 – 38.); canaaee eiinie?aeaoe?? noni?euenoaa ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo,
aca?iiae?y o?aaeeoe?? oa iiaea?i?caoe?? (Eaooiai Ae. E?aa?ae?caoe?y a
Oe?a?i?. ?aaoeueiaai?noue “cai?e” ? niiioaii?noue “cieco” // A?/a. –
1995. – ? 1.- N. 66-79., ?oaeaeaae/ I. Iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a Oe?a?ie:
?oeiaoe?y oa oeyoe a?ae?iaeaeaiiy // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. – 1995. – ?
1. – N. 15-20.), a oaeiae aiae?c na?oiaiai aeina?aeo noaa?eueiino?
iie?oe/ieo ?aaeei?a (Ao?aeoaciia iauanoai a iieneao noaaeeueiinoe /
A.A.Aaeeei, A.I.Naeiei, N.A.Ieoaeeia e ae?. – I.: Iaoea, 1990. – 272 n.,
Coaia A.A. Ia?eaiaioneay aeaiie?aoey e iieeoe/aneay o?aaeeoeey Ainoiea.
– I.:Iaoea, 1990. – 391 n.). Oa?aeoa?iith ?enith aeyaey?oueny
i??i?eoaoia caa?oaiiy aei oiai /e ?ioiai oaeoi?a caaeainiaaiiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?aaeeio (Ai?eoaanueeee I. Aeooiaiinoue o
aea?aeaaioai?aiii // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. – 1996. – ? 2. – N. 32 – 36.,
Eiceiaaoeue I. I?i nioe?aeueio aaco oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino?: aeina?ae
ieioeiai e ?aae?? nueiaiaeaiiy // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. – 1996. – ? 10.
– N. 3-10., Eo/a?aiei I. Iaiei?ii?aoeci ? nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ia
noaa?e?caoe?y // ?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. – 1997. – ? 11. – N. 37 – 42.,
I?uaiei I. Nioe?aeueia iai?oaeai?noue a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? //
?icaoaeiaa aea?aeaae. – 1997. – ? 10. – N. 42 – 51.). A oe?eiio aeey
iinoeiioi?noe/iiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o oey oaia aaeueie aeooaeueia,
aea aiia ? ua aein? iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaia. A?aenooiy nenoaiia
eiioeaioe?y iiaeae? noaa?eueiino? uiaei i?iaaaeaiiy aeaiie?aoe/ii?
iiaea?i?caoe?? a Oe?a?i?, ui e aecia/eei aea?? oaie oeueiai
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeaia aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?eeii ocaiaeaeo?oueny c
eiiieaeniith iaoeiaith iaoith, yeo ?ic?iaey? eaoaae?a iie?oieia??
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo – “Iie?oe/iee i?ioean a oiiaao
noaiiaeaiiy a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa ? aea?aeaaiino? Oe?a?ie”.

Iaoa ?iaioe ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
oiio, aae ?ice?eoe aacia? neeaaeia? noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio oa
canoinoaaoe ?o uiaei nenoaiii? ?ic?iaee eiioeaiooaeueieo aniaeo?a
iiaeae? noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i? noiniaii aei oiia
aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaea?i?caoe??. Aeey ?? aeinyaiaiiy aoei iinoaaeaii ?yae
iine?aeiaieo caaaeaiue:

?icaeyiooe ?ic?iaeai? iie?oe/iith iaoeith oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i?
iniiae aiae?co eaoaai??? noaa?eueiino?, aeyaeoe ?? caaaeuei? no?aoaa??,
aecia/eoe ?? a?aeiia?aei?noue oiiaai iiaea?i?caoe??, cai?iiiioaaoe
iaiao?aei? ei?aeoeae;

?icaeyiooe ieoaiiy oeiieia?? noaa?eueiino?;

i?iaiae?coaaoe ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae ?icaeyaeaiiy oaeoi??a
noaa?eueiino? aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio;

aeine?aeeoe i?aeoeeo ? i?ioe??//y noaa?e?caoe?? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a
Oe?a?i?, aecia/eoe aeenooieoe?? oeueiai i?ioeano;

iaa?oiooaaoe ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii oi?ioaaiith ? ?icaeoeo canaae iiaeae?
noaa?eueiino?, aaeaioiaaieo aei oiia aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaea?i?caoe?? a
Oe?a?i?;

?icaeyiooe iiaeeeaino? eiinie?aeaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa c
iaoith oi?ioaaiiy eiinainoniiai neioaco, ui caaacia/eoue iinooioae?oa?io
o?ainoi?iaoe?th iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiioeaiooaeuei? canaaee iiaeae? noaa?eueiino?
iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i? noiniaii oiia aeaiie?aoe/iiai
?aoi?ioaaiiy. Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy noaea iie?oe/ia noaa?euei?noue oa
?? oaeoi?e.

Oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaee ae?aeaeoe/iee
i?aeo?ae aei aiae?co iie?oe/ieo i?ioean?a oa yaeu, nenoaiiee ?icaeyae
i?iaeaie noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio, aeinyaiaiiy na?oiai? ?
a?o/eciyii? iaoeiai? aeoiee a aaeoc? oai??? noaa?eueiino?, Eiinoeoooe?y
Oe?a?ie oa ?io? caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue aeaiie?aoe/iiai
?aoi?ioaaiiy iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio oa eiai noaa?e?caoe??.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?e aea/aii? caeiiii??iinoae oaiaeaioe?e
i?ioeano aeinyaiaiiy noaa?eueii? yeino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio aeei?enoaii
iaoiaee eia?/iiai, oaeoi?iiai aiae?co, ii??aiyeueiiai oa nenoaiiiai
aiae?co, iaoiaee aiaeia?e, no?oeoo?aoe?? oe?eae oa ?i.

Aea/aiiy i?iaeaie noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?
cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith i?iaaaeaiiai nioe?ieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oiaoi c aeei?enoaiiyi caaaeueieo nioe?ieia?/ieo iaoiae?a
aieaooaaiiy oa ?ioa?a’th.

Aeaea?aeaie ?ioi?iaoe?? aoee iaoa??aee nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
?acoeueoaoe iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie, o oiio /ene? aeeiiaieo i?e aaciina?aaei?e
o/ano? aaoi?a, noaoenoe/i? aeai?, aeia?aeeia? iaoa??aee, Eiinoeoooe?y
Oe?a?ie oa caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe uiaei i?ioeano aeaiie?aoe/iiai ?aoi?ioaaiiy
iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?, eiinoeoooe?? noaa?eueieo aeaiie?ao?e;
iaoa??aee iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e, ioae?eaoe?? ca?oa?aeieo ? a?o/eciyieo
aaoi??a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaenooo?a?o? ?acoeueoaoe
i?iaaaeaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui i?noyoue aeaiaioe
iaoeiai? iiaecie, iieyaathoue inue o /iio:

?iaioa ? iaei??th c ia?oeo ni?ia nenoaiiiai aiae?co oaiiiaio
noaa?eueiino? a?aeiinii aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaea?i?caoe?? iie?oe/iiai
?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?;

?ic?iaeaii ieoaiiy iaoiaeieia?? aiae?co eaoaai??? noaa?eueiino?
iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio oa eiai niaoeeo?ea uiaei oiia aeaiie?aoe/ii?
iiaea?i?caoe??;

aecia/aii iniiai? no?aoaa?? iie?oe/ii? noaa?eueiino? oa ?o i?eioeeie
ye aaca aeey aiae?co noaio e i?ioe??/ i?ioeano iinoeiioi?noe/ieo
o?ainoi?iaoe?e, ooi/iaii oeiieia?th iie?oe/ii? noaa?eueiino?, aeae?eaii
nenoaio oaeoi??a noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio oa i?iaiae?ciaaii ?o
eiioeaiooaeuei? neeaaeia?;

ooi/iaii ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa ye?ni? i?eioeeie no/aniiai ?icoi?iiy
iie?oe/ii? noaa?eueiino? ye iaeaaaeeea?oiai aniaeoo o aecia/aii? oe?eae
aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaea?i?caoe?? oa caaaeaiue aaeaioaoe?eiiai ia??iaeo;

i?iaiae?ciaaii i?aeoeeo aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaea?i?caoe?? iie?oe/iiai
?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?, ?ice?eoi eiai aeenooieoe?? oa ?o aieea ia iiaeeeaino?
noai?aiiy oiia aeey eiai noaa?eueiino?;

?ic?iaeaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei oi?ioaaiiy aaeaioaoe?eii? iiaeae?
noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio c o?aooaaiiyi oiia ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo;

aecia/aii i?ecia/aiiy, oiiae ? niaoeeo?eo iayaiino? ?icaeoeo eiinainono
a oe?a?inueeiio noni?euenoa? ye iniiae noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio
a Oe?a?i?;

iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ? oaeoi?e oa niiniae oi?ioaaiiy
nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiiai neioaco ? eiai eiioeaiooaeueieo neeaaeiaeo;

cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaeue iaoiaeeee aiaeico noaio iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a
oiiaao aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaea?i?caoe?? a?aeiinii ia?niaeoea eiai
noaa?e?caoe??.

Oai?aoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia i?noeoue iaoa??aee
? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c ieoaiue nenoaiiiai aiae?co oaiiiaia iie?oe/ii?
noaa?eueiino?, aae?aniaai? iaoeiaoeyi oa iie?oeeai.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i???ioiaaia a oai?aoe/iiio ieai? ia iiaeaeueo?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ye oaiiiaia noaa?eueiino? a oe?eiio, oae ? iiaeae?
noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio noiniaii i?ioeano aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a
Oe?a?i?; ia oaeineiiaeaiiy aiae?co ?? eiioeaiooaeueieo canaae c
o?aooaaiiyi noni?eueieo ci?i. Aeena?oaoe?y oaeiae i?noeoue iaoa??aee
uiaei ?ice?eooy a?aeiia?aeieo oai?aoe/ieo oai iaa/aeueieo eo?n?a
iie?oieia??, nioe?ieia??. ?? iieiaeaiiy i?eeiyo? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?e
?ic?iaoe? i?ae?o/ieea c iie?oieia?? ia eaoaae?? iie?oieia??
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aiia i?noeoue iaoa??aee oa
iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, aae?aniaai? ea??aieeai ? niaoe?ae?noai
aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a aeaaee, iie?oeeai, iaoeiaoeyi uiaei i?iaaaeaiiy
aiae?co ?nioth/iai aoaio ?icaeoeo iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?, c
ieoaiue eiai noaa?e?caoe??. ?ic?iaee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? c iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ia?aiieo aniaeo?a iie?oe/ii?
noaa?e?caoe??, noeioeyoe?? noaa?e?caoe?eieo i?ioean?a a oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa?. Aiie i???ioiaai? ia iiaeeeaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaeaooi?o
aeai?/eo eaiiai?yo, a oaeiae aaaeeea? aeey aecia/aiiy iai?yieo e
neeaaeiaeo aeiiii?/ii? oa nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee ?aoi?ioaaiiy.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue iaoa??aee, ye? iiaeia aeei?enoaoe o iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean?. ?ic?iaee aeena?oaoe?? aaea canoiniaothoueny i?e aeeeaaeaii?
eo?no iie?oieia?? a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee oa Oa?e?anueeiio ?inoeooo? nioe?aeueiiai i?ia?ano.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe ai?iaiaai? ia eaoaae?? iie?oieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeoi?aa?neoaoo a ?aieao ?? iaoiaee/ii? ? iaoiaeieia?/ii? ?iaioe, ia
oai?aoe/ii-i?aeoe/ieo nai?ia?ao, i?e ?ic?iaoe? eiioeaioe?? i?ae?o/ieea
iie?oieia??, a oaeiae ia eaoaae?? o?einio?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee; ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeaaea a Oe?a?i?: ?noi??y oa
no/ani?noue” (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1994); ia anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaioae?oao oa i?ioe??//y no/aniiai
oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa: iie?oe/iee, nioe?ieia?/iee,
eoeueoo?ieia?/iee aniaeoe” (Caii??aeaey, 1994); ia iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“Oe?a?inueea aeooiaia eoeueoo?a a nenoai? iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe” (i.
Oa?e?a, 1995); ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ieue
aoc?a o ae??oaii? i?iaeai aacia?a?aii? ina?oe oa aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino?
(a?ae oe?eueii? aei i?neyaeeieiiii?)” (Oa?e?a, 1995); ia i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoe?iiaeueia ae?oa oa ?ioaeaeooaeueiee
iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie” (Euea?a, 1996); ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Aeiaae?caoe?y iie?oeee a eiioaeno? no/anii? iie?oe/ii?
eoeueoo?e: aeina?ae ? ia?niaeoeae No?aeii? ?a?iie” (Oa?e?a, 1996); ia
anaoe?a?inuee?e oai?aoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?icaeoie iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea?
o No?aei?e Oe?a?i?: ?noi??y oa no/ani?noue” (Oa?e?a, 1997).

Iniiai? iiiaioe ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? aaoi?ii o 11
iaoeiaeo ioae?eaoe?yo caaaeueiei ianyaii aeecueei 4 ae?oe. a?e. C ieo 7
noaoae oa 4 iaoa??aee ? oace aeiiia?aeae ia eiioa?aioe?yo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae. Iiaiee ianya
aeena?oaoe?? – 179 noi??iie, c ieo ?ethno?aoe?? ( 4 ae?aa?aie )
caeiathoue 1 noi??ieo, 10 oaaeeoeue caeiathoue 5,6 noi??iee. Nienie
e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 127 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy, aena?oeaia iaoeiaa
a?ae?ia?ao?y i?iaeaie, aecia/aiee ca’ycie oaie aeena?oaoe?? c
eiiieaeniith iaoeiaith oaiith, yeo ?ic?iaey? i?aai?caoe?y, aea aeeiiaia
?iaioa. E??i oiai, noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy, eiai caaaeaiiy,
i?aaeiao, ia’?eo, iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeaaeeie, a?aeia?aaeaia iaoeiaa
iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. I?noeoueny ia?ae?e
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e, ia yeeo a?aeaoeany ai?iaaoe?y aieiaieo
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iiaea?oueny no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi aeina?ae aiae?co i?iaeaie iie?oe/ii?
noaa?eueiino? noni?euenoaa. Aaoi? aeiaiaeeoue, ui, ii/eiath/e c
iaeaeaai?oeo /an?a, oey i?iaeaia noaiiaeoue nooi?nio neeaaeiao
aoaeue-yeeo iie?oe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ieoaiiy iie?oe/ii? noaa?eueiino?
? oi?aa?naeueiei ieoaiiyi iie?oe/ii? aeoiee acaaae?. Aiii c iniaeeaith
aeooaeuei?noth iinoa? a oiiaao e?ece, i?i ui na?ae/eoue i?aeoeea
no/aniiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?. A ?aaeyinuee? /ane
noaa?euei?noue ?icaeyaeaeany eeoa a iaaeao io?oe?eii? ?aeaieia??, oiio
?aaeuei? iaoai?cie ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee ia
iaaoee iaiao?aeiiai ?icaeoeo. Ia iei?oiueiio aoai? iie?oieiae Oe?a?ie
iathoue oa?i?iiai e inoaoi/ii onoiooe oeth aaaeo.

?icoi?iiy i?iaeaie noaa?eueiino? ?icaeaaeiny a?ae
?ae?a?eii-i?oieia?/iiai ni?eeiyooy aei o?einionueeiai ?? inieneaiiy. ?,
ia?aoo?, aei aeine?aeaeaiiy ?? a iaaeao iie?oe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, ui
iia’ycaii ?c noaiiaeaiiyi iie?oe/ii? iaoee a no/ani?e yeino? (c ae?.
iie. O?O no.). No/aniee aoai oa?aeoa?eco?oueny niieo/aiiyi iie?oe/iiai ?
o?einionueeiai i?aeoiae?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “No?aoaa?? noaa?eueiino? a iie?oe/i?e oai??? oa
i?aeoeoe?” aaoi? iaaiaeeoue aiae?c eaoaai??? noaa?eueiino?.
Ocaaaeueithth/e aeina?ae iie?oe/ii? oai??? oa i?aeoeee, iiaeia
aeine?aeeoe aea? iniiai? no?aoaa?? noaa?eueiino?: oioaeueio ?
e?aa?aeueio (eiieo?aioio).

Oioaeueia no?aoaa?y noaa?eueiino? i???ioiaaia ia caaacia/aiiy
aaniethoii? noaoe/iino? noni?eueiiai oe?eiai, eiina?aaoe?th ci?i aai
iaa?oue iiaa?iaiiy aei i?ei?oeaii? noni?eueii? i?aai?caoe??. A
caeaaeiino? a?ae oeaio?aeueiiai aeaiaioa oe??? no?aoaa?? iiaeia
aeae?eeoe oae? i?aeoiaee: ?ae?a?eii-aeiaiaoe/iee, aea?aeaai-oeaio?e/iee,
nioe?iaeii?iaioiee. Niaoeeo?ea ni?yiiaaiino? no?aoaa?? iiaea aeyaeyoeny
o neeiaiio, aoe/iiio oa aaae?oa?ii-c??aiyeueiiio aaeoi?ao.

Iniiai? neeaaeia? oe??? eiioeaioe??: i?aaiaiiy aei iaea?eueoi?
oeaio?ae?caoe??, i?eiao oe?eiai iaae /anoeith, i?eai?/oaaiiy
??ciiiai?oiino? ?, ioaea, eiieo?aioiino? a nioe?aeuei?e noa??.
Iniaeno?noue, ui ia?ane?aeo? nai? ?ioa?ane, ?? naiaiaea ?icaeyaeathoueny
ye oaeoi?e aeanoaa?e?caoe??. Noaa?euei?noue a oioaeuei?e no?aoaa?? – oea
caa?aaeaiiy iaci?iiino? ?nioth/i? noni?eueii? no?oeoo?e, anainyaeia
?aaeaiaioaoe?y ia aac? aaniethoecaoe?? e?eoa??th ?aeiino?.

Aeine?aeaeai? iniiai? neeaaeia? e?aa?aeueii? no?aoaa?? noaa?eueiino?.
Aiia iia’ycaia c aioo??oiuei aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiei noni?euenoaii, ui
aeeiai?/ii ?icaeaa?oueny. Eiioe?eo ?icoe?ith?oueny ye ?aaeueia ?ena
noni?eueiiai aeeooy ? aeeaeiia aeaea?aei iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo. O ca’yceo
c oeei i?inoaaeaii, ui no?aoaa?y ni?yiiaaia ia aeiiae noaiiaeaiiy oa
caa?aaeaiiy noni?eueiiai eiinainono. Caiaea noino?oueny iniiaieo
oe?iiinoae oa iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo. Oeaio?aeueiee aeaiaio no?aoaa??
noaiiaeoue iniaeno?noue, ?? naiaiaea, oe?ii?noue oa nioe?aeueia aaaa.

Noni?eueiee eiinainon iiaeiai ii?aeioaaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ono?aie?iiy
oa caaaeueii-noni?euei? oe?e?. Iniiaa oeueiai – oe?ii?ni? neeaaeia?
no?aoaa?? e?aa?aeueiiai ? nioe?aeueiiai oa?aeoa?o. E?aa?aeueiee ci?no –
oea naiaiaea ye aa?aio?y caoenoo a?ae aoaeue-yeiai naaa?eey;
nioe?aeueiee – nioe?aeueia ni?aaaaeeea?noue oa ??ai?noue ye iiaeeeaino?
i?aeaeuaiiy naiai nioe?aeueiiai noaoono aeey aoaeue-yeiai ?iaeea?aea e
iai?eeiyooy a?enoie?aoe/ii? ia?aaaae iaeieo ethaeae iaae ?ioeie.

A aeena?oaoe?? aeiaaaeaii, ui a e?aa?aeuei?e no?aoaa?? noaa?euei?noue –
oea noae?noue /a?ac caeaoi?noue aei ci?i, ?aaoeyoe?y ??ciiia?ooy
aeaiaio?a nioe?aeueii? nenoaie c iaoith caa?aaeaiiy ?? oe?e?niino?.
I?aeoe/iee aniaeo – oea i???ioaoe?y ia iiooe oeyo?a caaeainiaaieo
iaoai?ci?a ?aae?caoe?? aeaaee. A Oe?a?i? ci?no i?ioeano
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy noaiiaeoue ia?ao?ae a?ae oioaeueii? aei e?aa?aeueii?
no?aoaa?? noaa?eueiino?. C oeei iia’ycai? e ia?niaeoeae ooaa?aeaeaiiy a
iao?e e?a?i? aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oeiieia?y ? oaeoi?e noaa?eueiino? aeaiie?aoe/iiai
iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio” i?iaiae?ciaai? iniiai? neeaaeia? aacenii? iiaeae?
noaa?eueiino?. Aiia a?aeiia?aea? aeaiie?aoe/iiio iie?oe/iiio ?aaeeiia?
oa ? ?acoeueoaoii ao?eaiiy e?aa?aeueii? no?aoaa??. Oai?aoe/i? i?aeaaeeie
oe??? iiaeae? neeaaeathoue eiioeaiooaeuei? ?ic?iaee oaeeo ca?oa?aeieo
iaoeiaoe?a, ye O.Ia?niin, Ae.?noii, E.Iiiia?, E.Ooiiaoa?, A.Aaioe?,
Ae.O?oiai, N.E?inao, A.Aeiiiae oa N.Aa?aa, A.Eaeioa?o, Aeae.Na?oi??,
?.A?ii oa ?i. Ia iniia? e?eoe/iiai aiae?co iaeiie/aiiai aeina?aeo
aenoaa?oueny aeania aa?n?y eiiieaenii? ioe?iee i?iaeaie noaa?eueiino?,
ocaaaeueiththoueny ??ciiiai?oi? oaeoi?e noaa?eueiino?, i?iaiaeeoueny
oeiieia?y noaa?eueiino?. Ioaea, a oe?eiio ?ic?iaey?oueny ieoaiiy
caaaeueii? iaoiaeeee oa iniiaieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy, uia a?ae
aiae?co aacenii? iiaeae? ia?aeoe aei ?ic?iaee aaeaioaoe?eii? iiaeae?
noaa?eueiino?. ?iaeoueny aeniiaie i?i oa, ui eeoa aaaaoioaeoi?ia
iiaeaeue ? aeeoo?caeaoiith o no/aniiio noni?euenoa? oa a?aeiia?aea?
ye?niiio ci?noia? eaoaai??? “noaa?euei?noue”. A aeine?aeaeaii?
aeiaaaeaii, ui oai?aoe/i? canaaee noaa?eueiino? nenoaie iiaeooue aooe
canoiniaai? aei aiae?co iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio.

Aeaiie?aoe/iee ?aaeei noaa ?acoeueoaoii oe?eiai ?yaeo aaeaioaoe?e
noiniaii aei eiie?aoieo neooaoe?e. I?aeoe/iee aniaeo noaeino? iiaeiai
a?aoiaoaaoe ianooii? oaeoi?e: a?aeiioaiiy ianaeaiiy aei ?nioth/i?
iie?oe/ii? aeaaee ? iiaeeeaino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio. Ia?oa a?oia
oaeoi??a aeeth/a? oa?aeoa? iai?aii? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?ioa?an?a iniiaieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi. Ae?oaa
aecia/a?oueny ??aiai ?inoeooae?caoe?? iie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei oa yeinoyie
iie?oe/ieo e?aea??a. Aaaeeeai a?aecia/eoe oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue
ocaiaeaeaiino? eiinoeoooe?eieo i?aaee ?c ia?o?eiith nenoaiith oa
aa?iii?/i?noue ia?oeo c ia?o?eieie ni?yioaaiiyie c iaeiiai aieo, ?
nioe?aeueii? no?oeoo?e ? ia?aaaa noni?euenoaa – c ?ioiai.

Iniiaieie ?enaie aeaiie?aoe/iiai ?aaeeio ? aoaeoeai?noue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy, eaa?oeii?noue, a?iiaaenueeee ii?yaeie, aeniea
caeaoi?noue aei ci?i a iaaeao nai?o no?oeoo?, ?aae?caoe?y iie?oe/ieo
ono?aie?iue ??cieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi, iaiaaeaiiy ?ioaineaiino?
eiioe?eo?a, iecueeee ??aaiue iioaioe?eiiai ianeeey.

Oea caaacia/o?oueny caaaeyee eiiieaeno oaeoi??a noaa?eueiino? aaciai?
iiaeae?. O ?icae?e? aeae?eai? ianooii? a?oie oaeoi??a:
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia (cie?aia oae caaiee ?iaeaen eiiieaeniiai
?icaeoeo); iie?oeei-eoeueoo?ia, iie?oeei-?inoeoooe?iiaeueia.

Iniiao noaa?eueiino? noaiiaeyoue: aenieee ??aaiue aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo, a?iiaaeyinueea iie?oe/ia eoeueoo?a, iayai?noue nioe?aeueii
cia/ouiai na?aaeiueiai eeano, ia?ao?auoaaiiy ?ica?aeiinoae o
nioe?aeuei?e noa??, ui caiia?aa? aaniethoecaoe?? oa ?ic?inoaiith
eiioe?eo?a, ii?aeiaiiy eiieo?aioiino? i?eaaoieo ono?aie?iue ? aeiia
aeinyaiaiiy caaaeueii-noni?eueieo oe?eae, eiinoeoooe?eii-i?aaia? canaaee
aecia/aieo “i?aaee a?e”, ?icaeioo? iie?oeei-i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie. Ci?no
?inoeoooe?iiaeueiiai iaoai?cio noaa?eueiino? aeaiie?ao?? noaiiaeoue
aaeain i?ae aeaiia iaiao?aeieie oiiaaie: noai?aiiyi ?inoeooo?a, ye? a
?iaeee o?yae i?aeca?oiei a?iiaaeyinueeiio noni?euenoao, c iaeiiai aieo,
? a?aenooi?noth o a?iiaaeyi iiaeeeainoae i?yiiai aieeao ia i?eeiyooy
iie?oe/ieo ??oaiue, – c ae?oaiai.

Neioaciith iniiaith aca?iiae?? oeeo /eiiee?a iinoa? iayai?noue
eiinainono o noni?euenoa? uiaei iniiaieo oe?eae, oe?iiinoae oa iai?yie?a
o ?icaeoeo iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio. A?i aecia/a?oueny iaoai?ciaie, ca
aeiiiiiaith yeeo ??ci? nioe?aeuei? a?oie, ui aa?ooue o/anoue o
iie?oe/iiio i?ioean? ? ?icoiaeyoueny o noaeaeaiiyo a?aeiinii oiai, yeo
iie?oeeo ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe, iiaeooue iaenei?coaaoe naith caeaoi?noue
/eieoe oene ia no?oeoo?o i?eeiyooy ??oaiue, caa??aath/e i?e oeueiio
eiinainoni? i?aenoaae ?aaeeio.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Nioe?ieoeueoo?i? o?ainoi?iaoe??: e?eca
eiinainonieo iniia iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?” aiae?co?oueny ci?no
iiaea?i?caoe?eieo i?ioean?a a Oe?a?i? uiaei nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? noa?e.
Cacia/a?oueny, ui aaaeeeaa ia eeoa aecia/aiiy oe?eae ia?aoai?aiue, aea e
iaia’yceiaa ?o ni?aa?aeianaiiy c aeina?aeii iaoe?iiaeueii? o?aaeeoe??.
Ioaea, o?aaeeoe?y oa iiaea?i?caoe?y iiaeii? io?eiaoe a eiioeaioe??
aeaiie?aoe/ieo ia?aoai?aiue a Oe?a?i? naith ?ioaa?aeueio oi?ioeo, ui
a?aeiia?aea? no/aniiio ?icoi?iith iie?oe/iiai ?icaeoeo. Oea aeanoue
ciiao noai?eoe oaeo ye?noue iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio, yea ciiaea noaoe
noaa?eueiith. A oeueiio iieyaa? niaoeeo?ea aaeaioaoe?eii? iiaeae?
noaa?eueiino?.

C?oeiaiiy o?aaeeoe?? oa iiaea?i?caoe?? iaoiiaeth? aeieeiaiiy e?ec, ui
noaiiaeyoue oae caaiee “neiae?ii iiaea?i?caoe??”. Ca oeeo oiia
iayai?noue eiinainono ? iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo caii?oe
?aoi?iaoe?eiiai oeyoo ia?aoai?aiue. Eiinainon aecia/a?oueny ye
iayai?noue ni?eueiiai nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai iiey o noni?euenoaa, ui
caiia?aa? eiai ?iciaaeo.

Iaa?oioiao?oueny e?eca eiinainonieo canaae iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a
Oe?a?i?. Aiia aecia/a?oueny oei, ui noa?? ?aeaaee ii?ooai?, a oi?ioaaiiy
oa ooaa?aeaeaiiy iiaeo a?aeaoaa?oueny aaeueie iia?eueii. ?iciaae
oioae?oa?iiai inaaaeineioaco ? e?eca e?aa?aeueiiai eiinainono
oa?aeoa?ecothoue aaiethoe?th nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai aoooy oe?a?inueeiai
noni?euenoaa. E?aa?aeueiee eiinainon, ui i?eca?a aei e?aoo eiioi?noe/iee
?aaeei, ia ciaoiaeeoue ?aaeueii? aace aeey naiai ooaa?aeaeaiiy. E??i
oiai, iniiai? oe?iiino? e?aa?ae?cio iaaoaathoue ia oe? oe?a?inueei?
ae?eniino? iaaaoeaii ia?aoai?aii? oi?ie. Oea noino?oueny, iai?eeeaae,
oaeeo oe?iiinoae, ye: naiaiaea, ?iaeea?aeoae?ci, aeani?noue, a?eueiee
?eiie, ??aiiaaaa iiaeeeainoae oa ni?aaaaeeea?noue, i?aae?iiy caeii?a,
?iciiae?e aeaae, ieth?ae?ci a?oi oa ?ioa?an?a, iie?oe/ia aieeaia?noue
a?iiaaeyi. Iiaeia aecia/eoe oae? iciaee e?ece a nioe?ieoeueoo?i?e noa??:
a?iiaaenueea aoiia, aiao?y, ii/oooy ciaa??e a aeaiie?ao??, oa?eciaoe/ia
ieneaiiy, a?aenooi?noue ianoaiia ia iniaenoo a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue,
i?aaiaee i?a?e?ci. Ana oea iineaaeth? ?ioi?oao noni?euenoaa aei e?aei?o
oi?i aeanoaa?e?caoe??.

O ?icae?e? aeiaiaeeoueny, ui niaoeeo?ea aaeaioaoe?eii? iiaeae? iieyaa?
oaeiae o oiio, ui o?aaeeoe?y oa iiaea?i?caoe?y ionyoue aca?iiae?yoe ia
aac? nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiiai neioaco ye iniiae noni?eueiiai eiinainono
a Oe?a?i?. Oea iaoiiaeth?oueny oei, ui Oe?a?ia ciaoiaeeoueny ia noeeia?
No?aeieo ? Cao?aeieo aieea?a. Cia/iee oaeoi? noaiiaeoue iayai?noue
eiina?aaoeaii? eoeueoo?ii? i???ioaoe?? (ci?no ?? – ooaa ca ieioeei,
a?ae/oooy ao?aoe o?aaeeoe??, ui noaea i?aaii). E??i oiai, oeae aeniiaie
?iaeoueny ia aac? aeaieo nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue, ui aoee
i?iaaaeai? eaai?aoi???th nioe?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue OAeO (1994, 1996,
1998 ??.), oa a yeeo aaoi? a?aa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue. Aiae?cothoueny
oe?ii?ni? ianoaiiae uiaei aeooaeueieo i?iaeai ?icaeoeo iinoeiioi?noe/ii?
Oe?a?ie. Na?aae ieo: a?aeiioaiiy aei aea?aeaae oa ?? ?ie? a aeeoo?
noni?euenoaa, ni?eeiyooy ii?yaeeo, a?aeiioaiiy aei aei?noeeo caoiae?a o
i?ioean? ?aoi?ioaaiiy, aei ??cieo oi?i aeaniino?, aei iiai? nioe?aeueii?
a?oie – i?aei?e?ioe?a oiui. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui i?aaaeth? aeooaeuei?noue
i?iaeai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, aeae?eythoueny oae?
oe?iiino?, ye ii?yaeie, noaa?euei?noue, ni?aaaaeeea?noue. Aiie
ei?aeththoueny ?c aieeaiaeie aoaoenonueeeie ianoaiiaaie. Noaa?aeaeaiiy
e?aa?aeueiiai ?icoi?iiy aeacaieo oe?iiinoae ?aea aeoaea iia?eueii.
Iaiao?aeia ?ioaa?aeueia oi?ioea nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiiai eiinainono .
?? neeaaeia? : naiaiaea, aeani?noue, aaciaea, i?aoey.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Aeenooieoe?? noaiiaeaiiy aaeaioaoe?eii? iiaeae?
noaa?eueiino? ? oeyoe ?o iiaeieaiiy” aiae?cothoueny iniiai?
iie?oeei-eoeueoo?i?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa iie?oeei-?inoeoooe?ei?
i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?. Aecia/athoueny
ia?niaeoeai? oaeoi?e ?o iiaeieaiiy.

O ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeai? iniaeeaino? iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino? a?iiaaeyi
Oe?a?ie, iiaeaii ca’ycie no/anii? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e c o?aaeeoe??th
?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo, aeae?eythoueny ?? iaaaoeai? iane?aeee. Ne?ae
cacia/eoe, ui a?aenooi?noue ii/oooy a??e a nai? neee a noa?? aeiiii?/ii?
aeoeaiino? iiceoeaii ei?aeth?oueny c iaaeinoaoiueith iie?oe/iith
aieeaia?noth, iie?oe/iith aiao??th, noeeuei?noth aei “aoa/? a?ae
naiaiaee”. Noa?a iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny eiioe?eoii
oe?iiinoae oa ?o aia?aaeaioi?noth. Niinoa??aathoueny iaaaoeai?
oaiaeaioe?? ?aa?aneaiiai oa?aeoa?o, c?inoaiiy iaaaoea?cio ii
a?aeiioaiith aei iie?oeee e o/ano? a i?e, ui cieceei ia?a?niee ??aaiue
ia?oeoeeiaoi?ieo i???ioaoe?e, aeeeeeaieo e?aa?aeueiei caia?a/aiiyi
oioae?oa?iiai ieioeiai. Ia?oeoeeiaoi?i? i???ioaoe?? iaaoaathoue a?eueo
iii??eiaaiiai, caaeainiaaiiai ci?noo. Iiaeia i?inoaaeeoe oaiaeaioe?th ia
?aoe?iiaeueio i???ioaoe?th iie?oe/ii? o/ano? (iniaeeai a a?oiao ethaeae
c aeuith ina?oith, i?aei?e?ioe?a, iieiae?, ea??aiee?a). I?ioa a oe?eiio
ia?oeoeeiaoi?i? i???ioaoe??, ye? a?eueoa a?aeiia?aeathoue yeino?
aacenii? iiaeae? noaa?eueiino?, ua ia aeineoue iioe?ai?.

Iiaeia aecia/eoe oae? eeth/ia? aniaeoe: iecueeee caaaeueiee ??aaiue
?ioi?iiaaiino? i?ecaiaeeoue aei noa?aioei?caoe?? o i?eeiyoo? ??oaiue,
neooaoeai?noue aeai?o, eiai noeeuei?noue aei aiioe?eieo ?aaeoe?e,
c?inoaiiy iaaaoea?cio uiaei iie?oeee.

Ca ??aiai aeoeaiino? aeae?eythoueny noa?o? a?eia? a?oie (iniaeeai a?eii
iiiaae 41 ??e) ? a?aei?. Aiie a?eueo aeoeai?, i?ae iieiaeue ?
caaacia/ai?. Oea ia ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith aieeaiaino? e?aa?aeueiiai
aaeoi?o ?aoi?i. E??i oiai, a?aei?noue, ye nioe?ieoeueoo?iee oaiiiai,
?iaeoue ethaeae eiina?aaoeaieie, iano?ith? ?o i?ioe ?nioth/iai eo?no
ci?i, ni?ey? i???ioaoe?yi ia aanea oa ?aaeeeaeuei?, aaoi?eoa?i? iaoiaee
ia?aoai?aiue. Oa?aeoa? iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino? iaoiai ianaeaiiy na?ae/eoue
i?i oa, ui ? caa?ica iie?oe/iiai iai?ioethaaiiy noni?eueiith
na?aeii?noth, aeai?/ith ianith. ? iaae ona – ca aeiiiiiaith “ia?ea??a”,
ui iioe?ththoue iaaiee ia?ac oai?oe?a iie?oeee.

Ioaea, ye?noue oa ??aaiue iie?oe/ii? aeoeaiino? oaeiae caeaaeaoue a?ae
oi?ioaaiiy nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiiai eiinainono, iiaeieaiiy
ia?a?iae?caoe??, ooaa?aeaeaiiy eiinie?aeoth/eo canaae ?aaeeio.

O ?icae?e? aecia/ai? aeenooieoe?iiaeuei? aniaeoe a
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e noa?? iaoiai noni?euenoaa, ye? iaiao?aeii
iiaeieaoe aeey noai?aiiy noaa?eueii? yeino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio. Aiie
aeeeeeai? ye oiiaaie ae?? o?aaeeoe?eieo oaeoi??a, oae ? no/aniei
e?eciaei noaiiaeuai.

O?aaeeoe?y ? iiaea?i?caoe?y a oe?e noa?? oaeiae ia ciaeoee iiee ui
nai?? ?ioaa?aeueii? oi?ioee. A?aenooiy nioe?aeueia iniiaa
nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiiai neioaco a inia? na?aaeiueiai oa?o. E??i oiai,
niinoa??aa?oueny aeaci???ioaoe?y o nioe?aeueiiio i?inoi?? ye
nioe?aeueiiai, oae ? e?aa?aeueiiai aaeoi?a ?icaeoeo, ui aeeeeeaia
ia?a?iae?caoe??th oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa, iiaeia neacaoe – eiai
aoii?caoe??th. Oa?aeoa?ieie ?enaie noaee ia eeoa nioe?aeueia
iacaoeuai?noue iniae, a?aenooi?noue iaoa??aeueii? aace ?? naiino?eiino?
oa aaeaeaaoiiai ni?eeiyooy iath e?aa?aeueieo i?eioeei?a, aea e
aeenooieoe?iiaeueia a?aenooi?noue aoiaeaeaiiy ethaeeie a ??ci? naaiaioe
noni?euenoaa, i?ioeane ?iciaaeo o noa?? caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueii?
?aeaioeo?eaoe??. A ?acoeueoao? ethaeeia ooea? a nai?e nioe?aeuei?e
iacaoeuaiino? oeyoe ?aeaioeo?eaoe??, ye? aae i?ye ia ni?eythoue
caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeuei?e ?aeiino?, aecia/athoueny cia/iei nooiaiai
caieiaiino? ? aacothoueny ia ao?ao? ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iioea?a
?aeaioeo?eaoe??. Iaiao?aeii aeae?eeoe iiey?ecaoe?th noni?euenoaa ca
iaoa??aeueiith iciaeith ia a?aeieo ? aaaaoeo, yea ? iani?eyoeeaei
oaeoi?ii, ui noeioeth? ?icaaaeai?noue nioe?aeueiiai aaeoi?a (ia yeee
i???ioothoueny iacaaacia/ai? i?ioa?ee) ? e?aa?aeueiiai (yeee, /ano?oa o
oi?i? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aia?o?cio, i?aeo?eiothoue o?, ooi aeinya
oni?o?a).

Iine?aeiaii ?iaeoueny aeniiaie i?i oa, ui ae??oaeueia cia/aiiy ia?
oi?ioaaiiy i?yieo ? cai?ioieo ca’yce?a i?ae iie?oe/iei ?aaeeiii ?
a?iiaaeyinueeei noni?euenoaii ca oiiae noaiiaeaiiy inoaiiueiai a
Oe?a?i?. Oea iiaeeeai ia aac? nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiiai eiinainono.
Ooaa?aeaeaiith inoaiiueiai ni?eyee a iiceoeai? cnoae o nioe?aeuei?e
noa??. Ianaiia?aae, noaa?e?caoe?y ?nioaaiiy eiaeii? ie?aii? ethaeeie.
Aaaeeeao ?ieue o oeueiio a?ae?a?a? oi?ioaaiiy iaoa??aeueii? iniiae
naiino?eiino? iniaenoino?, aeinyaiaiiy ii?aeiaiiy iie?oe/ii? oa
aeiiii?/ii? naiaiae.

Noiniaii aei aeiiii?/ii? noa?e aecia/a?oueny: i?ioeane ?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy
iiaeii? a?aoiaoaaoe iaiao?aei?noue ?icaeoeo ?ioeo noa? noni?eueii?
aca?iiae??. A iaeiioaeoi?ia (aeiiii?/ia) iiaeaeue ?aoi?ioaaiiy ? i?ae
i?iaeiaaeaiiyi o?aaeeoe?eiiai ia?enenonueeiai i?aeoiaeo. Cie?aia
i?aee?aneth?oueny, ui e?aa?ae?caoe?y aeiiii?ee ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy
i?eioeei?a iaie?aa?ae?nonueei? iiaeae? aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo iiaeeeaa ca
oiia aaea ae?th/i? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. A a Oe?a?i? i?iaieioaiee eo?n ia
aeaiie?aoe/i? ia?aoai?aiiy ia?aie?oa?oueny c ?aaeueii ?nioth/eie
no?oeoo?aie aea?aeaaiiai nioe?ae?cio. Oea ae?ae aeenooieoe?iiaeueii
aieeaa? ia noai aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Aeiaiaeeoueny, ui iinoeiioi?noe/ia iiaeaeue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
no?oeoo?e oa?aeoa?eco?oueny cia/iei nooiaiai eiioe?eoiino?. Aeey
iiaeieaiiy oeueiai noaiiaeua iaiao?aeia ea?aeeiaeueia ia?ai???ioaoe?y
oe?eueiaeo ianoaiia i?ia?aie ?aoi?i. ?? ci?no neeaaea? aeeiai?/ia
??aiiaaaa i?ae i?eioeeiaie aeiiii?ee i?iiiceoe??, oi?ioea yei? aeeth/a?
“i?eaooie – ?iaanoeoe?? – ?iai/? i?noey”, oa i?eioeeiaie aeiiii?ee
niiaeeaaiiy, oi?ioea yei? “niiaeeaaiiy – ae?iaieoeoai – caeiyo?noue”.
Ia?o? aoaeoeaii ?aae?cothoueny aeey noaa?e?caoe?? a?iiaaenueeiai oe?eiai
a oiiaao ae??ai ooieoe?iioth/iai ae?iaieoeoaa, iayaiino? eai?oaeo,
eiieo?aioiiai na?aaeiaeua. Ae?oa? a?aoiaothoue ?aoi?ioaaeueiee,
?aaoethth/ee aieea aea?aeaae, ui iaiao?aeiee aeey noai?aiiy ni?eyoeeaeo
oiia noaiiaeaiiy ?icaeiooeo ?eieiaeo oi?i.

O ?icae?e? eaeaoueny i?i noai ? ia?niaeoeai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo
iie?oeei-?inoeoooe?iiaeueii? noa?e iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?.
Aiae?co?oueny ??aaiue ?inoeoooe?ae?caoe?? iie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei oa
iniaeeaino? iie?oe/ii? ae?oe. Oea iaoiiaeaii aaeueie cia/iith ?ieeth
oeeo oaeoi??a o ieoaii? i?i iiaeeeaino? ?aaeeio.

I?e neaaeino? oaeoi??a noaa?eueiino? a nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e oa
iie?oeei-eoeueoo?i?e noa?ao ia ia?oee ieai o i?ioean? iiaea?iiai
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? aenoaa?oueny iie?oe/ia aeaaea. Iaiao?aeia
iie?oe/ia aiey uiaei cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo ?aoi?i. Iaeiae, ye
aeiaiaeeoueny a aeine?aeaeaii?, i?aeoeea na?ae/eoue i?i i?ioeeaaeiee
noai ?a/ae a Oe?a?i?.

O ?icae?e? aecia/ai? iniiai? aeenooieoe?? a nenoai? iie?oe/ii? aeaaee a
Oe?a?i?. Caaaeueia ?o ?ena – e?eca aca?iiae??. A?aenooi?e eiinainon o
oe?e noa??, i?aaiaiiy aei eiinie?aeaoe?? coneeue caaeey aeaaaeaiiy
e?a?ie c e?ece. Neooaoe?y oa?aeoa?eco?oueny e?eoe?noth eiii?ii?no aeaae,
ui /an a?ae /ano i?i?eaa?oueny i?yiei i?ioenoiyiiyi aeeiiaa/i? ?
i?aaenoaaieoeueei? aeaae. Eiaeia c ieo iaiaaa?oueny aenooiaoe
iiiiiieueii a?ae onueiai noni?euenoaa, oyae?? aei ni?ia i?eaeanieoe nia?
ooieoe?? ?ioi?. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i iaaeineiiae?noue iaoai?ci?a
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iie?oe/ii? aeaaee. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui aaeueie aaaeeeaei
oaeoi?ii oeueiai ? ni?a?nioaaiiy iiia?aaei?o iaoai?ci?a oa i?aeoiae?a
aei ea?oaaiiy ? oeo aeaiaio?a aeaiie?aoe/ii? aeaaee, ui aeieeee iei?.

I?inoaaeo?oueny oaiaeaioe?y ia aecia/aiiy ?inoeoooo i?aceaeaionoaa ye
eeth/iaiai ?inoeoooo iie?oe/ii? nenoaie. A?i ia? aaaeeea? aaaeae?
ea?oaaiiy. I?aaenoaaey? “?ioa?ane anueiai ia?iaeo”. ssaey? niaith
i?aeoe/ii iaeiio?ieueiaaio o?ao?o a eaae?iaeo i?ecia/aiiyo aeeiiaa/i?
aeaaee. Ana oea a oiiaao iano?oeoo?iaaiino? a?iiaaeyinueeiai
noni?euenoaa, aeac?ioaa?aoe?? oa aii?oiino? nioe?aeueieo ?ioa?an?a ?
a?aenooiino? iaoai?ci?a ?o a?oeeoeyoe?? aea? ciiao eiio aeey ae?? o
a?eueiiio a?ae iie?oe/ieo ? ia?aaeaeai?/eo ia?oeyiie i?inoi??.
Noai?ththoueny oiiae aeey iiaeeeaiai a?ia?o?ioiaaiiai c?inoaiiy ?ie?
?inoeoooo i?aceaeaionoaa oa oiai, ui ?aooa ?inoeooo?a – iie?oe/i?
ia?o??, a?iiaaenuee? ia’?aeiaiiy oa ?i. – noaiooue naoae?oaie oeueiai
i?ia?aeiiai noa’?eoo iie?oe/ieo a?aeiinei. Aei oiai ae, ye aoei
iieacaii, a iao?e iie?oeei-eoeueoo?i?e noa?? o?aaeeoe?eii aieeaia?
i???ioaoe?? ia “neeueio” aeeiiaa/o aeaaeo, no/ani?noue oaeiae na?ae/eoue
i?i iineeaiiy aaoi?eoa?ieo ianoaiia. I??i?eoao ye o ieai? ??aiy aeia??e,
oae ? o ieai? ni?eeiyooy ?ie? a i?ioean? ?aoi?ioaaiiy ca ?inoeoooii
i?aceaeaionoaa.

Iie?oe/ia ii?icoi?iiy ye oaeoi? noaa?eueiino? ?aaeeio caeaaeeoue aaaaoi
a /iio a?ae oa?aeoa?o ia?o?eii? nenoaie. Aiii a oiiaao aaaaoineeaaeiaiai
noni?euenoaa iaaeoi aaaeeeaa. Ia?o ca ana, aiii iiaeiii ?icai?oaoeny ia
??ai? ae?o ye ?o ni?ai?aoey. A Oe?a?i? oey oaiaeaioe?y a?aenooiy, iaia?
iiaeeeainoae aeey ooai?aiiy “aaeeeeo eiae?oe?e”. Ia?o?eia nenoaia
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ioeueoeia?oeciii “/enoei” aai “ieth?eiiey?iei”,
“aeaci?aai?ciaaiei” (“iiey?eciaaiee ieth?ae?ci”), a?aenooiy no?eaeiaaa
ia?o?y. Ia iniia? ?iceeaaeo iie?oe/ieo nee o caeiiiaeaa/iio i?aai?
iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui /?oe?oa a iueiio i?inoaaeo?oueny ia?niaeoeaa
neooaoe?? a?iiey?ecaoe?? c “iie?o?iiiith a?eueo?noth”. Iiee ui a?aenooiy
a?aeiinii noaea ae??caeaoia ia?eaiaionueea a?eueo?noue. Ioaea, ieoaiiy
i?i ?? aeinyaiaiiy noa? naiiaeinoaoi?i, caaaaeath/e ae??oaiith ?ioeo
i?iaeai. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoi?i iaiao?aeii ia eeoa oi?ioaaiiy a?aeiinii
noaei? ia?eaiaionueei? a?eueoino?, a e anoaiiaeaiiy aeeiai?/ii?
??aiiaaae i?ae iath oa o?yaeii. Noaa?euei?noue iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio
i?aeaeuo?oueny, yeui o?yae nie?a?oueny ia iayai?noue aca?iiae?? c
ia?eaiaionueeith a?eueo?noth, a ia i?ioenoi?oue ?e.

Iniiaith eiinie?aeaoe?? a iie?oe/i?e noa?? ia? aenooieoe ?aeaieia?y
oeaio?ecio oa a?aeiia?aeiee ?e nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiee neioac. A iueiio
iiaea aooe no?eaeaiue aeey oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?ci?a ooai?aiiy aaeeeeo
eiae?oe?e oa, iine?aeiaii, noaa?e?caoe?? caeiiioai?/iai i?ioeano.

O ca’yceo c oeei iaiao?aeiei ? oi?ioaaiiy iiai? iie?oe/ii? ae?oe,
caaaeaiiy yei? – ?ic?iaea ? cai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea?.
Ia?niaeoeaiith aacith inoaiiuei? iiaeiai aenooiaoe neioac oe?iiinoae
nioe?aeueiiai oa e?aa?aeueiiai ii?yaeeo. A oeueiio iieyaa? aaaeeeaee
ci?no i?ioeano iia?oiueiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a Oe?a?i?, aac yeiai ia
iiaeeeaa i? nian?iiy iaoe??, i? ?icaoaeiaa iieiaei? aea?aeaae.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? “Oaeoi?e eiinie?aeaoe?? oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa”
iaaiaeeoueny aiae?c iniiaieo neeaaeiaeo noni?eueiiai neioaco, ia yeiio
ia? aacoaaoeny caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiee eiinainon, a?aeaeca?eaeaiiy yeiai
iaiao?aeia a iiaea?i?e iaoe?iiaeuei?e ?aea? oe?a?inueeiai nioe?oio.
I?noeoueny ocaaaeueiaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ye?, ia aeoieo aaoi?a,
aeicaieyoue ia?aai?ioe iaaaoeai? oaiaeaioe?? a no/ani?e i?aeoeoe?
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? oa caaacia/eoe iinooiiaee oa?aeoa? i?ioeano
noaa?e?caoe?? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio.

Eiinainon iiaeiai ioiiethaaoe noni?euenoai a oe?eiio, eiai aca?iiae?th
c iie?oe/iith aeaaeith, aenooiaoe aaeoi?ii aeey ?aae?caoe?? ?? oi?i ?
iaoiae?a cae?eniaiiy. Aaaeeeaee aniaeo oeueiai – ooaa?aeaeaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueieo i?eioeei?a noni?eueii? aca?iiae??. I?aea?oioy aeey
oeueiai iayai?: ethaeyi aeecueea ?aeay cae?aiiy ia?iaeii? neee ?
aea?aeaaii? ?aeiino? aeey ooai?aiiy aeooiaiiai no?eaeiy aeeooy.

Cia/ia ?ieue o i?ioeanao o?ainoi?iaoe?? noni?euenoaa iaeaaeeoue
iie?oe/i?e aeaae?. Aeey oiai, uia oe?eani?yiiaaii cae?enithaaoe
iiaea?i?caoe?th a iai?yieo aeaiie?aoecaoe??, iie?oe/iiio ?aaeeiia?
iaiao?aeiee aeineoue aenieee ??aaiue ?inoeooae?caoe??. ?e i?eoaiaii?:
aaeaioiaai?noue, neeaaei?noue, aaoiiiii?noue oa ocaiaeaeai?noue
i?aai?caoe?e, ui aoiaeyoue aei iie?oe/ii? nenoaie. I?e a?aenooiino?
?icaeiaiiai a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa oeae oaeoi? noa?
aecia/aeueiei. Iaeiae cia/aiiy aie? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio ia ne?ae
aaniethoecoaaoe, ai oea i?ecaiaeeoue aei ni?ia i?eaanoe a?iiaaeyinueea
noni?euenoai o a?aeiia?aei?noue c iaeacaie aea?aeaae.

Aeey Oe?a?ie iio??aia ianaiia?aae iie?oeea aca?iiae??, a ia
iao?ia?aiaeecio. No/ania i?aeoeea na?ae/eoue i?i ?oei?ai? iane?aeee
aeei?enoaiiy iie?oe/iiai eiio?ieth ae?oith aeey i?enoinoaaiiy ?aoi?i aei
naiai aeaniiai noaiiaeua oa ?ioa?an?a. Noaoe ia caaaae? oeueiio iiaea
eeoa oi?ioaaiiy a?iiaaeyinueeiai noni?euenoaa. Iayaia iiaeeea?noue eiai
iino?eii aieeaaoe ia oeo, ooi cae?enith? ooieoe?? iie?oe/ii? aeaaee. Ca
aecia/aiiyi ?.Aeaey, oaeee iie?oe/iee ?aaeei eeaneo?eo?oueny ye
iie?a?o?y. Noaiiaeaiiy inoaiiuei? a Oe?a?i? ? aaaeeeaei /eiieeii
noaa?e?caoe??. Ci?no ?? iieyaa? a iayaiino? caiaee i?ae o/anieeaie
nioe?aeueii? aca?iiae??, ye? aieiae?thoue iaaiei aaoiiiiiei i?inoi?ii.

Neeaaeiaeie aeaiaioaie eiinie?aeaoe?? a Oe?a?i?, ye aaea cacia/aeiny, ?
nioe?aeueiee oa e?aa?aeueiee aaeoi?e ?icaeoeo. Ia?oee ia? aeeaiea
i?aea?oioy a o?aaeeoe??, ae?oaee iia’ycaiee c iiaea?i?caoe?eiei
?iioeuenii. O?aaeeoe?eii aiie a iaoiio noni?euenoa? aoee ?icaaaeai? ?
iaa?oue i?ioenoiyee iaeei iaeiiio, oiio ia iaaoaaee naiai iiaiiai
?icaeoeo, aeaa?aaeoaaee aei iaaaoeaii?, a?ia?o?ioiaaii? oi?ie.
Nioe?aeueiee – aaniethoecoaaa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? aeiiae, ca yeeie
ao?a/aea naith oe?ii?noue iie?oe/ia naiaiaea, e?aa?aeueiee – caieioany
ia aocuee?e aeiic? eeoa iie?oe/ii? naiaiaee, ia?aeoia a ioi?iiio
oaiaeaioe?th. ??cieoey i?ae ieie iieyaaea oaeiae o o?aeooaaii? ?aea?
caaaeueiiai aeaaa, o a?aeiioaii? aei aea?aeaae, aeaiie?ao??.

Oe?iiino?, aeanoea? oeei aeaii aaeoi?ai, iiaeii? neioacoaaoeny a
?aeei?e oi?ioe?. Aiia ia?aaeaa/a? ia eeoa aeciaiiy aaaeeeaino?
iie?oe/ii? naiaiaee aeey iniaenoino?, ye ia?o ca ana naiaiaee a?ae
aoaeue-yei? naaaie?, aea e ?icoi?iiy naiaiaee ye ni?aaaaeeeaino?, ai
ae?enii ethaee aioia? aei naiaiaee naia a o?e i???, a ye?e ?o ethaia aei
ni?aaaaeeeaino? noi?oue aeua ca aeaae?ai?noue (ca A.Auei?eii). Ioaea,
nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiee neioac ii?aeio? aeiiae iie?oe/ii? oa
aeiiii?/ii? naiaiaee aeey iniaenoino?. Oeae neioac ia?aaeaa/a?
?ioaa?aeueio aca?iiae?th iie?oe/iiai, nioe?aeueiiai, aeiiii?/iiai e
aeooiaiiai ci?noo ?aoi?i a Oe?a?i?, caia?a/o? iaeiioaeoi?io ?o iiaeaeue.

Oaeoi?aie noaa?eueiino?, ye? oaeiae iathoue ca iniiao i?aaiaiiy aei
eiinainono, ?: noaiiaeaiiy iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e a?iiaaeyinueeiai oeio,
ia?aai?aiiy neaaeino? iie?oe/ii? aie? an?o noa’?eo?a nioe?aeueii? ae??,
aaeain ?ioa?an?a iniiaieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi, ??aiiaaaa i?ae aaoiiiiiei
i?inoi?ii iniaenoino? ? a?iiaaenueeei oe?eei; ona?aeiieaiiy iniaeno?noth
aeanii? a?aeiia?aeaeueiino? ca naith aeieth; a caaaeaiiy aea?aeaae –
aa?aiooaaoe oeea?e?ciaaiee nioe?aeueiee i?ino?? aeey ?aae?caoe??
iniaeno?noth nai?o oai?/eo nee; iinooiiaa oi?ioaaiiy na?aaeiueiai
i?ioa?eo, i?aeaeuaiiy eiai aieeaiaino?; a aeiiii?/i?e noa??: noaiiaeaiiy
iie?oeee nioe?aeueiiai canoinoaaiiy i?eioeei?a aeiiii?ee niiaeeaaiiy,
ia?oia?noaa oa i?aeo?eiea ?? aea?aeaaith, oi?ioaaiiy oiia, ca yeeo an?
nioe?aeuei? a?oie io?eiaee a iiaeeea?noue aeinyaoe nai?o oe?eae caaaeyee
?aaeeiia?.

Uiaei iie?oeei-?inoeoooe?iiaeueii? noa?e – iaiao?aeia ooaa?aeaeaiiy
iaoai?ci?a iie?oe/ieo ? i?aaiaeo aa?aio?e a?ae aaoi?eoa?ieo,
iaioioae?oa?ieo, ioeie?aoe/ieo i?iyaia. Oea noaiiaeaiiy ?icaeiaii?
?ieueiai? no?oeoo?e ? iiaeieaiiy e?ece aca?iiae??; aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo
ooai?aiiy oe?ieeo eiae?oe?e; no?oeoo?aoe?y ia?o?eii? nenoaie a iai?yieo
iii??eiaaiiai ieth?ae?cio; iiaeieaiiy iaaei??ii? aeooae?caoe?? ieoaiiy
i?i noai?aiiy a?aeiinii noaei? a?eueoino? a caeiiiaeaa/iio i?aai?
e?a?ie. Ii?icoi?iiy iiaeiii noaoe oe?ii?noth noni?euenoaa ?, ui iaaeoi
aaaeeeai, – ae?oe. A?ae ?? oai?/iai iioaioe?aeo aaaaoi a /iio caeaaeeoue
?ic?iaea iia?oiuei? iaoe?iiaeueii? ?aea? a Oe?a?i?, noaiiaeaiiy
aieeaiai? ?aeaieia?? oeaio?ecio.

Ioaea, aaeaioaoe?eia iiaeaeue noaa?eueiino? iiaeiia aooe
aaaaoioaeoi?iith oa iaoe i?aea?oioy a iayaiino? eiinainono ia
nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueieo canaaeao.

AENIIAEE

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio
a Oe?a?i? o eiioaeno? iaeiie/aiiai ca?oa?aeiiai aeina?aeo oa aeanii?
iaoe?iiaeueii? niaoeeo?ee aea?aeaaiiai aoae?aieoeoaa iiaeia c?iaeoe
ianooii? aacia? aeniiaee.

Noaa?euei?noue ? iaei??th c eeth/iaeo neeaaeiaeo iie?oeee. Iiaeia
aeae?eeoe aea? no?aoaa??: oioaeueio ? e?aa?aeueio. Niaoeeo?ea
iinoeiioi?noe/ieo o?ainoi?iaoe?e a Oe?a?i? iieyaa? o ia?aoiae? a?ae
oioaeueii? aei e?aa?aeueii? no?aoaa??.

A iaaeao ia?oi? no?aoaa?? noaa?euei?noue ni?eeia?oueny ye aaniethoia,
ia?aaeaa/a? iaci?ii?noue noni?eueieo oi?i oa ia? noaoe/iee oa?aeoa?.
Ae?oaa ?icoi?? noaa?euei?noue ye aeeiai?/io eaoaai??th, aecia/a? ?? ye
ni?iiiaei?noue i?iaiaeeoe ci?ie a iaaeao nai?o no?oeoo?. Aiia
i???ioiaaia ia iino?eiee iiooe iano?eei? ??aiiaaae i?ae aeaiaioaie
nenoaie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ??ciiiai?ooyi oa eiieo?aioi?noth.

E?aa?aeueia ?icoi?iiy noaa?eueiino? iia’ycaia c aeaiie?aoe/iei
iie?oe/iei ?aaeeiii. Noeoii?noue oaeoi??a eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
noaiiaeoue aacenio iiaeaeue noaa?eueiino?, yea iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia
i?e aiae?c? iaoe?iiaeueieo iniaeeainoae oeyoo aei aeaiie?aoe/iiai
noni?euenoaa.

A Oe?a?i? iaiao?aeiei aeyaey?oueny aecia/aiiy iniiaieo i??i?eoao?a
aaeaioaoe?eii? iiaeae? noaa?eueiino?. Ci?no ?? – o noai?aii? yeino?
iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio, ui iiaea aooe noaa?eueiith.

Nioe?ieoeueoo?i? ci?ie a Oe?a?i? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iayai?noth e?ece
eiinainonieo canaae iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio. Oioae?oa?iee inaaaeineioac
ii?ooaiee e?aa?aeueiith oaeeath. I?ioa ? e?aa?aeueiee eiinainon ia ia?
aeinoaoi?o i?aenoaa aeey naiai ooaa?aeaeaiiy. Iaiao?aeiee iine?aeiaiee
iiooe oeyo?a aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy nioe?aeueiiai aaeaino, aeey iiaeieaiiy
aeenooieoe?e, ye? i?enooi? a ooieoe?iioaaii? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a
Oe?a?i?.

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c na?ae/eoue i?i aaaeeea?noue noaiiaeaiiy
caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiiai eiinainono ia nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeuei?e iniia?.
I??i?eoaoaie ?? ? aeciaiiy cia/ouino? iie?oe/ii? oa aeiiii?/ii? naiaiaee
aeey iniaenoino?, ?icoi?iiy iaiao?aeiino? ?o aca?iiaeiiiaiaiiy.

Eiinainon ? ae??oaeueiith neeaaeiaith ?ioeo oaeoi??a noaa?eueiino?, ui
iaee a oi?ioaaoeny a ??cieo noa?ao noni?eueiiai aoooy:
iie?oeei-eoeueoo?i?e, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e,
iie?oeei-?inoeoooe?iiaeuei?e. Caaaeueiee ci?no aeenooieoe?e – e?eca
aca?iiae??.

A?ae oni?oo noaa?e?caoe?? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i? a iai?yieo
aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaea?i?caoe?? caeaaeaoeia iaeaooi? oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo
oa eiai iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

1. Oaeoi?u eiinieeaeaoeee oe?aeineiai iauanoaa // O/ai. cai. Oa?uee.
aoiaieoa?. ei-oa “Ia?iaeiay oe?aeineay aeaaeaiey”. – Oa?ueeia: Aaanoa,
1996. – O. 2. – N. 120 – 126. – O niiaaaoi?noai c iaoe. ea?iaieeii
*ea?eiiaei A.I.

2. Noaa?e?coth/ee aieea aeiaae?caoe?? iie?oeee o no/aniiio oe?a?inueeiio
noni?euenoa? a eiioaenoi iie?oeei-eoeueoo?ieo ci?i // Aeiaaeecaoeey
iieeoeee a eiioaenoa nia?aiaiiie iieeoe/aneie eoeueoo?u: iiuo e
ia?niaeoeau Ainoi/iie Aa?iiu: Iaoa?eaeu iaaeaeoia?. iao/i.-i?aeo. eiio.
– Oa?ueeia, 1996. – N. 90 – 92.

3. Aieea iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ia noaa?e?caoe?th i?ioeano
aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a Oe?a?i? // Nia?aiaiiua i?iaeaiu iioeaaoeee o?oaeiaie
aeayoaeueiinoe: Na. iao/i. o?. – Oa?ueeia: Oieei, 1995. – N. 17 – 23. –
O ni?aaaoi?noa? c iaoeiaei ea?iaieeii *ea?eiiaei A.?.

4. O?aaeeoeey e iiaea?iecaoeey iieeoe/aneiai o/anoey a Oe?aeia //
?eieiaa o?ainoi?iaoe?y aeiiii?ee ? i?iaeaie ina?oe: Ca. iaoe. i?. –
Oa?e?a: Iniiaa, 1996. – Aei. 1. – N. 28 – 37. — O ni?aaaoi?noa? c
iaoeiaei ea??aieeii *ea?eiiaei A.?.

5. Iinoeiiioienoe/aneay iiaeaeue nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie no?oeoo?u
oe?aeineiai iauanoaa // ?eieiaa o?ainoi?iaoe?y aeiiii?ee: Ca. iaoe. i?.
– Oa?e?a: Iniiaa, 1997. – Aei. 2. – N. 16 – 27.

6. O?ainoi?iaoe?y iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?: e?eca eiinainonieo
canaae oa oeyoe ?? iiaeieaiiy // A?ni. Oa?e. oi-oo. – 1998. – ? 412:
Ieoaiiy iie?oieia??. – N. 15 – 22.

7. Nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiee neioac ye iniiaa iaoe?iiaeueiiai ii?icoi?iiy
a Oe?a?i? // A?ni. Oa?e. oi-oo. – 1998. – ? 412: Ieoaiiy iie?oieia??. –
N. 64 – 70.

8. No/aniee iie?oe/iee i?ioean a Oe?a?i? oa i?iaeaie noaa?e?caoe??
noni?euenoaa // Oace aeii. Anaoe?. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. “Aeaaea a Oe?a?i?:
?noi??y oa no/ani?noue. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1994. – N. 91 – 92.

9. Iie?oeei-eoeueoo?iee aniaeo ?icaoaeiae oe?a?inueei? aea?aeaaiino? //
Oace aeii. oa iia?aeiie. iaoe. eiio. “Oe?a?inueea aeooiaia eoeueoo?a a
nenoai? iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe”. – Oa?e?a: OAeO, 1995. – N. 87 – 89.

10. ?ieue aeui? oeiee o oi?ioaaii? iie?oe/ii? eoeueoo?e ye oaeoi?a
noaa?e?caoe?? iie?oe/iiai i?ioeano a Oe?a?i? // Iaoa??aee i?aeia?.
iaoe.-iaoiae. eiio. “?ieue aoc?a o ae??oaii? i?iaeai aacia?a?aii? ina?oe
oa aeoiaaiiy iniaenoino? (a?ae oe?eueii? aei i?neyaeeieiiii?)”. – E.,
1995. – O. 2. – N. 197 – 198.

11. Iie?oe/ia ae?oa oa ?? ?ieue a noaa?e?caoe?? noni?euenoaa // Oace
aeii. i?aeia?. iaoe. eiio. “Iaoe?iiaeueia ae?oa oa ?ioaeaeooaeueiee
iioaioe?ae Oe?a?ie”. – Euea?a, 1996. – N. 204 – 205.

A I I O A Oe ? ss

Ne/iaa O.A. Iniiae noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iie?oe/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 23.00.02 – iie?oe/i? ?inoeoooe ? i?ioeane. –
Oi?aa?neoao aioo??oi?o ni?aa, Oa?e?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii aeooaeuei?e i?iaeai? noaiiaeaiiy oaeoi??a
noaa?eueiino? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i?. A aeena?oaoe??
noaa?euei?noue ?icaeyaea?oueny ye ae??oaeueia neeaaeiaa i?ioeano
iino?aaeyinueeiai aea?aeaaioai?aiiy, a?ae iayaiino? yei? caeaaeaoeiooue
ia?niaeoeae aeaiie?aoe/ii? iiaea?i?caoe??. Anoaiiaeai? ci?no eaoaai???
noaa?euei?noue, aecia/ai? ?? no?aoaa?? oa oeie. I?iaiae?ciaai? oaeoi?e
noaa?eueiino? aeaiie?aoe/iiai iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio. Aecia/ai? iniiai?
aeenooieoe?? iie?oe/iiai ?aaeeio a Oe?a?i? e cai?iiiiiaai?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ?o iiaeieaiiy.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui iniiaith noaa?eueiino? a Oe?a?i? ia? aenooiaoe
caaaeueiiiaoe?iiaeueiee eiinainon ia i?aea?oio?
nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiiai neioaco, yeee a?aeiia?aea? aaeainia? i?ae
o?aaeeoe??th oa iiaea?i?caoe??th. Anoaiiaeaii, ui eiinainon ia?
iine?aeiaii ?ice?eaaoeny ye eeth/iaee i???ioe? o iie?oeei-eoeueoo?i?e,
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?e, iie?oeei-?inoeoooe?iiaeuei?e noa?ao.
Noeoii?noue oeeo oaeoi??a ia? aooe a?aoiaaia i?e ?ic?iaoe? iia?oiuei?
?aeaieia?? aea?aeaaioai?aiiy a Oe?a?i?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: noaa?euei?noue, iie?oe/iee ?aaeei, oaeoi?e
noaa?eueiino?, eiinainon, nioe?aeueii-e?aa?aeueiee neioac, aeenooieoe??,
o?aaeeoe?y, aeaiie?aoe/ia iiaea?i?caoe?y.

Nu/aaa O.A. Iniiau noaaeeueiinoe iieeoe/aneiai ?aaeeia a Oe?aeia. –
?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
iieeoe/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 23.00.02 – iieeoe/aneea einoeooou e
i?ioeannu. – Oieaa?neoao aioo?aiieo aeae, Oa?ueeia, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aeooaeueiie i?iaeaia noaiiaeaiey oaeoi?ia
noaaeeueiinoe iieeoe/aneiai ?aaeeia a Oe?aeia. A aeenna?oaoeee
noaaeeueiinoue ?anniao?eaaaony eae ?aoathuay ninoaaeythuay i?ioeanna
iinoniaaoneiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa, io iaee/ey eioi?ie
aoaeoo caaenaoue ia?niaeoeau aeaiie?aoe/aneie iiaea?iecaoeee.
Onoaiiaeaiu niaea?aeaiea eaoaai?ee noaaeeueiinoue, ii?aaeaeaiu aa
no?aoaaee e oeiu. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu oaeoi?u noaaeeueiinoe
aeaiie?aoe/aneiai iieeoe/aneiai ?aaeeia. Ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua
aeenooieoeee iieeoe/aneiai ?aaeeia a Oe?aeia e i?aaeeiaeaiu
?aeiiaiaeaoeee ioiineoaeueii eo i?aiaeieaiey. Aeieacaii, /oi iniiaie
noaaeeueiinoe a Oe?aeia aeieaeai aunooiaoue iauaiaoeeiiaeueiue eiinainon
ia aaca nioeeaeueii-eeaa?aeueiiai neioaca, eioi?ue niioaaonoaoao aaeaino
iaaeaeo o?aaeeoeeae e iiaea?iecaoeeae. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi eiinainon
aeieaeai iineaaeiaaoaeueii ?ane?uaaoueny eae eeth/aaie i?eaioe? a
iieeoeei-eoeueoo?iie, nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie,
iieeoeei-einoeoooeeiiaeueiie noa?ao. Niaieoiiinoue yoeo oaeoi?ia
aeieaeia auoue o/oaia i?e ?ac?aaioea nia?aiaiiie eaeaieiaee
ainoaea?noaaiiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa a Oe?aeia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: noaaeeueiinoue, iieeoe/aneee ?aaeei, oaeoi?u
noaaeeueiinoe, eiinainon, nioeeaeueii-eeaa?aeueiue neioac, aeenooieoeee,
o?aaeeoeey, aeaiie?aoe/aneay iiaea?iecaoeey.

Sychova T.G. Foundations of Political Regime Stability in Ukraine. –
Manuscript.

Thesis for candidate’s degree in political sciences, speciality
23.00.02 -political institutes and processes. University of Internal
Affairs, Kharkov, 1998.

The thesis are devoted to the urgent problem of forming the political
regime stability factors in Ukraine. In the presented theses the
stability is treated as a decisive component of the post-Soviet state
building process, democratic modernization prospects will depend on its
presence. The stability category substance is established, its strategy
and types are defined. Factors of the democratic political regime
stability are analyzed. The main disfunctions of the political regime in
Ukraine are defined and recommendations for their overcoming are
offered. It is proved that the stability foundation in Ukraine should be
the national concensus based on the social-liberal synthesis
corresponding to the balance between the tradition and modernization. It
is established that this concencus should reveal itself as a key
reference in the political , cultural, social-economical, political-
institutional spheres. The set of these factors should be taken into
consideration when developing the modern ideology of the state building
in Ukraine.

Key words: political regime stability, stability factors, concensus,
social-liberal synthesis, disfunctions, tradition, democratic
modernization.

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