IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO IAAeOAA?AeEO IAOA??AE?A ?i. A. I. AAEOEss

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 621.941: 621.791.92 + 669-41.408.3 + 621.7.029

EEEIAIEI Na?a?e Aiaoie?eiae/

INIIAE EACIAI? IA?IAEE CIININO?EEEO

CAOENIEO IIE?EOO?A

(Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.03.01 — I?ioeane iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee,

aa?noaoe oa ?ino?oiaioe)

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1999 ?.

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a ?i. A. I. Aaeoey IAI
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeia? eiinoeueoaioe —

A. A. ?eaeia

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, ?inoeooo iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a IAI
Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/

a?aeae?eii

I. A. Iia?eia

aeaaeai?e IAI Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, ?inoeooo
iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a IAI Oe?a?ie, aee?aeoi?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe —

I. I. ?icaiaa?a

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, ?inoeooo

iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a IAI Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/

a?aeae?eii

A. A. Eoie?i

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee, Aaei?i?no?aoe?y I?aceaeaioa

Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee eiinoeueoaio-?iniaeoi?

Eiio?ieueii? neoaeae

I. N. ?aanueea

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, Iaoe?iiaeueiee

oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie «EI?», caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?ith

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «15» ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 13 aiaeei? 30 oae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? Iaoeiai? ?aaee Ae 26.230.01 ?inoeoooo
iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a ?i. A. I. Aaeoey IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith:
254074, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aaoicaaiaenueea, 2.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a ?i. A. I. Aaeoey IAI Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «12» aa?aciy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

?aaee, ae.o.i., i?ioani?

A. E. Iaeno?aiei Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. ?icaeoie no/aniiai
iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy iaiiae?eueii iia’ycaiee c i?aeaeuaiiyi iaae?eiino?
aeaoaeae iaoei ? iaoai?ci?a, cieaeaiiyi aia?ai- ? iaoa??aei?iiino?
ae?iaieoeoaa ? iio?aao? oe?ieiai aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo i?ia?aneaieo
oaoiieia?e.

A ca’yceo c oeei aaeeea cia/aiiy ia? caaacia/aiiy caoenoo iiaa?oi?
aeaoaeae ? eiino?oeoe?e a?ae ciino. O?eaaeee /an aeey oeueiai
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ia’?iii-eaaiaai? iaoa??aee. Iaeiae, aeiiii?/ii ?
oaoi?/ii aeioe?eueii ?icaeaaoe i?eioeeiiai ?ioee i?aeo?ae aei aeai?o
iaoa??ae?a aaea ia noaae?? i?iaeooaaiiy ae?ia?a: iaoai?/ia i?oei?noue
aeaoaeae aa?aioo?oueny ca ?aooiie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaeiiai iaoa??aeo, a
niaoeeo?/i? yeino? iiaa?oi? aeinyaathoueny a ?acoeueoao? oi?ioaaiiy ia
i?e oiieeo oa??a ?ioeo iaoa??ae?a — iie?eoo?a.

A oaia??oi?e /an aei /enea iai?aaeaiue, ye? iaea?eueo aeoeaii
?icaeaathoueny a aaeoc? caoenieo iie?eoo?a, a?aeiinyoueny iaoiaee
iaieaaee ? iaieeaiiy.

Iaeiae, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ciinino?eeeo iie?eoo?a no?eio?oueny a ca’yceo c
ianoa/ath iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c ?o i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?
ye?nii? ia?iaee. Iniaeeai oea a?aeiineoueny aei eaciai? ia?iaee
iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a oaa?ae?noth 40-65 HRCa, cie?aia
iaianaieo ii?ioeiaeie ae?ioaie, nia/aieie no??/eaie oa ?c
naiioethnoth/eony ii?ioe?a nenoaie Ni-Cr-B-Si.

I?ioean ??caiiy iie?eoo?a a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae ??caiiy iiiie?oieo
iaoa??ae?a. Ooai?th?ia no?oaeea eaaei ?iciiae?ey?oueny ia aeaiaioe, ye?
iathoue aaeeeo e?euee?noue o??u?i ? aeaoaeo?a. Ii?eno?noue iaoa??aeo
iie?eoo?a, cieaeoth/e oaieii?ia?aei?noue ia 20% ? a?eueoa oa
ciaiueooth/e ?noeiee ia?a??c c??ca?iiai oa?o, aeeeeea? ca?eueoaiiy
aeaoi?iaoe?? a i?ioean? ooai?aiiy no?oaeee. Oaiia?aoo?a ??caiiy
iie?eoo?a ia?aaeuo? oaiia?aoo?o i?e ia?iaoe? iiiie?oieo iaoa??ae?a
?aeaioe/iiai neeaaeo.

Iecueea ia?iai?noue iie?eoo?a ? oaeiae ne?aenoaii aaeeei? noe?ath/i?
cae?aiino? oaa?aeeo aeeth/aiue, ye? ? a ieo.

Ia?niaeoeaiei iaoiaeii ia?iaee ciinino?eeeo iie?eoo?a ? eaciaa ia?iaea
?ino?oiaioii c iie?e?enoae?/ieo iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a (IIOI) ia iniia?
eoa?/iiai i?o?eaeo ai?a (EIA).

I?ioeane eaciai? ia?iaee noi?iaiaeaeothoueny a?eueo iecueeeie
aia?aicao?aoaie ?, i?ae/an, a?eueo i?iaeoeoeai?, i?ae oe?ooaaiiy.
Oi/?iiy a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao caaacia/o? aeiiae ca ye?noth, yea
aenoaa?oueny aei ?iai/eo iiaa?oiiue aeaoaeae. Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?ioeano eaciai? ia?iaee aeaoaeae c iaieaaeaiei ? iaieeaiei iiaa?oiaaei
oa?ii yaey? niaith cia/iee iaoeiaee ? i?aeoe/iee ?ioa?an.

Iaoeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaee aaoi?a a 80-o ?ieao aoee iai?aaeai? ia
aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o c i?iaeaie 1.11.5.8 «Iaoeia? iniiae i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? ? ?ano?no ca e?eoa??yie ciinino?eeino?» Eeaneo?eaoi?a
aeooaeueieo iaoeiaeo iai?aaeaiue AI N?N? ia 1986 — 1990 ?. ?. ? ia
ia??iae aei 2000 ?. (oaie IAe? ?II AI Oe?a?ie – 1820, 1822, 1829, 1831).
A ia??iae c 1992 ii 1998 ?. ?. ?iaioe aeeiioaaeenue a ?aieao aea?aeaaieo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?ia?ai AeIOI Oe?a?ie 05.43. «?ano?nicaa??aath/?
oaoiieia?? iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee ? cania?a c’?aeiaiiy iaoa??ae?a», 04.04
«Aenieiaoaeoeai? oaoiieia?? iaoaiineeaaeaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa»,
aea?aeaaii? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?ia?aie I?iiaoee Oe?a?ie 04.02.
«Aenieiaoaeoeai? oaoiieia?? iaoaiineeaaeaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa»
i??i??oaoiiai iai?yieo ?icaeoeo iaoee ? oaoi?ee 4. «Aeieia?/ii /enoa
aia?aaoeea ? ?ano?nicaa??aath/? oaoiieia??», oai IAe? ?II IAI Oe?a?ie
1842, 1851, 1854.

Iaoa ?iaioe. I?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eaciai? ia?iaee ? caaacia/aiiy
iio??aiiai noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o aeaoaeae iaoei c iaieaaeaieie ?
iaieeaieie caoenieie iie?eooyie aeniei? oaa?aeino? ia iniia? ?ic?iaee
nenoaiieo oyaeaiue i?i i?ioean c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae no?oeoo?e oa
aeanoeainoae aaoa?iaaieo iaoa??ae?a iie?eoo?a oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo c iie?e?enoae?/ieo iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith ?iaioe
? nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei aea/aiiy ? iieno aeine?aeiiai ia’?eoo,
i?ioean?a eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo c iaieaaeaieie ?
iaieeaieie aeaoaeyie, caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy noaio ?o iiaa?oiaaiai
oa?o.

Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aacothoueny ia iniiaieo iieiaeaiiyo oai???
??caiiy, no/anii? noaoenoe/ii? oai??? oa iaoiaeieia??, o?ceei-o?i?/ii?
oai??? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae??, o?aeoaeueieo oyaeaiue i?i i?e?iaeo
iiaa?oiiue, oai??? aeiaaeeiaeo ooieoe?e.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aacothoueny ia oai??? ?i?oaoe?eiiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, iaoaiaoe/iiai ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaio?a, ia aia?ao?
aeenia?n?eiiai ? ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?c?a, ia oe?ieiio aeei?enoaii?
ia/enethth/i? oaoi?ee.

I?e aeeiiaii? ?iaioe canoiniaoaaee no/ani? iaoiaee ioe?iee ia?aiao??a
noaio iiaa?oaaiai oa?o iaoa??ae?a ? aeaoaeae, cie?aia
i?io?eiiao???oaaiiy, ?ano?iao aeaeo?iiio ? ooiaeueio i?e?ineii?th,
iaea-niaeo?ineii?th, niaeo?aeueiee e ?aioaai?anueeee i?e?iaiae?ce,
aoi?eiio aeaeo?iiio ian-niaeo?iiao??th, aeaoi?iaoe?eii-niaeo?aeueiee ?
iaoaeia?ao?/iee aiae?ce, iaoiae aeciaeaeo?iii? aien?? oa ?i.

Aaoi? caoeua?: 1. Iiiyooy ? no?oeoo?o nenoaie aeiaaeeiaiai caoaeaeaiiy
i?e ia?iaoe? ??caiiyi caoenieo iie?eoo?a, yea aeeth/a? aei naaa o?e
i?aenenoaie: — no?oeoo?e ? aeanoeainoae iie?eoo?a, iia’ycaio c
ianoaa?euei?noth no?oeoo?e ? aeanoeainoae iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo
iie?eoo?a; — ??caiiy, aecia/a?io eiioaeoiith aca?iiae??th ?ino?oiaioa c
aeaoaeoiei iiaa?oiaaei oa?ii iie?eoo?a; — oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy,
coiiaeaiith oi?noe?noth iaeaaeiaiiy, i?eno?i?a, aeaoae? ? ?ino?oiaioo.

2. Cai?iiiiiaaiee e?eoa??e ioe?iee ia?iaiino? iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo
iaoa??ae?a, iiaeaiee noiith aaee/ei ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aio?ii?e iniiaieo
iieaciee?a i?aenenoai: — aio?ii?? noeoiiino? iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae
iie?eooy, aio?ii?? noeoiiino? i?aeeiao i?io?eth iiaa?oi? iie?eooy ?
aio?ii?? noeoiiino? aaee/ei aei?noeino? (i?aeaeaoeeaino?) iaeaaeiaiiy,
i?eno?i?a, aeaoae?, ?ino?oiaioo.

3. I?ea?iaeueio iaoiaeeeo aeai?o a?aeiinii? i?aoeacaeaoiino?
?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a ca aeaoi?iaoe?eii-niaeo?aeueieie
ia?aiao?aie iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o.

4. ?ic?iaeai? oyaeaiiy i?i iaoai?ci ciiooaaiiy ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo ca
?aooiie ooai?aiiy, ieaae?iiy ? aeeo/aiiy ?c ciie eiioaeoo ?ino?oiaioo c?
no?oaeeith ? aeaoaeeth i?iaeoeo?a o?i?/ii? aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai
iaoa??aeo (ia iniia? EIA) c ia?iaiei (ia iniia? Fe ? Ni) ? aeaiaioaie
aeiae?eey.

5. Eiioeaioe?th oi?ioaaiiy oi?noeino? iiaa?oi? i?e oi/?ii? aaoa?iaaieo
iaoa??ae?a iie?eoo?a, iniiaaio ia o?aooaaii? aieeao
e?iaiaoeei-aaiiao?e/ieo oiia i?ioeano ia?iaee, ieanoe/ieo yaeu a cii?
??caiiy, iayaiino? aeaoaeo?a (oeio ii?) a ia?iaiiio iaoa??ae?, ??aiy
aei?noeino? oaoiieia?/ii? nenoaie.

6. Iaa?oiooaaiiy oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a eaciai?
ia?iaee iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo caoenieo iie?eoo?a ca ?aooiie oi?aae?iiy
caeiiii??iinoyie i?ioeano ??caiiy ? aeanoeainoyie ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai oa
ia?iaiiai iaoa??ae?a.

7. ?ic?iaeai? caniae ia?iaee ??caiiyi ? eiino?oeoe?? ??aeo/eo
?ino?oiaio?a, a yeeo ?aae?cothoueny ?ic?iaeai? oyaeaiiy ? aeine?aeaeai?
iniaeeaino? i?ioean?a eaciai? ia?iaee caoenieo iie?eoo?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaeia ?iaioe:

— ia iniia? aiae?co i?ioeano ia?iaee iie?eoo?a ye neeaaeii? nenoaie c
o?aooaaiiyi noioanoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioo ?c
caaioiaeith, cai?iiiiiaaiee iiaee i?aeo?ae aei ioe?iee ia?iaiino?
caoenieo iie?eoo?a ca noiith ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aio?ii?e noeoiiino? aeaieo
i?i iaoai?/i? yeino? iie?eoo?a ye iaoa??ae?a c aaoa?iaaiith no?oeoo?ith,
?ici??e ia?aiao??a i?io?eth iiaa?oi? iie?eoo?a ? ?ici??e aei?noeino?
oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy;

— aia?oa anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ia?iaoe? aaoa?iaaieo iaoa??ae?a iie?eoo?a
eiao?oe??io oa?ooy ia ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi? ?ino?oiaioo ?c IIOI ia iniia?
EIA a?aeiia?aea? oiiaai ??aeeiai oa?ooy, aeioe/i? iai?oae a ieiuei?
cnoao a 2 — 3 ?ace iaiueo?, a ii?iaeueiee oene ia caaei?e iiaa?oi?
?ino?oiaioo a 1,5 — 2,25 ?ac?a a?eueoa o ii??aiyii? ?c cia/aiiyie,
aecia/aieie aeey eiino?oeoe?eieo noaeae oaei? naii? oaa?aeino? c
aiiiaaiith no?oeoo?ith;

— anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ia?iaoe? iie?eoo?a c? oaeaeeinoyie ??caiiy aei 0,5
— 1,8 i/n ciiooaaiiy ?ino?oiaioo c IIOI ia iniia? EIA aecia/a?oueny
?ioaineai?noth ooai?aiiy aaoaeoe/ieo c’?aeiaiue oeio Ia-IaoA c aeaiaio?a
?ino?oiaioaeueiiai oa ia?iaiiai iaoa??ae?a, a i?e oaeaeeinoyo ??caiiy
a?eueoa i?ae 2 — 3 i/n, eiee a cii? ??caiiy ?aae?cothoueny oa?iiaa?e/i?
oiiae, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue iiooaeiino? iiiaae 1250 — 1350 Ao,
iaea?eueoa aieeaa? ia ciiooaaiiy ?ino?oiaioo ?ioaineai?noue ieeneaiiy
?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo;

— cai?iiiiiaaiee iiaee i?eioeei oi?aae?iiy i?aoeacaeaoi?noth ?ino?oiaioo
ca ?aooiie aaaaeaiiy a neeaae ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo /e ioi/o?/a
?ino?oiaio na?aaeiaeua ?a/iaei, ye? caaacia/othoue i?e iaaieo
oa?iiaa?e/ieo oiiaao, i?ae /an i?ioeana ??caiiy, i?aeaeuaiee
ia?oe?aeueiee oene acioo a cii? ia?iaee;

— a ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeieia?y
i?iaiicoaaiiy ? ioe?iee ?iia??iino? oaoiieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy
iio??aieo iieaciee?a noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o iie?eooy i?ney eiai
ia?iaee.

Ia aac? nenoaiieo oyaeaiue i?i i?ioean oa ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa?iineeiaeo caeiiii??iinoae, iniaeeainoae iaoai?ee ? o?ceei-o?i??
eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? i?e eacia?e ia?iaoe? aaoa?iaaieo iaieaaeaieo ?
iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeieia?? aeai?o ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai
iaoa??aeo ? oiia ia?iaee iie?eoo?a ca oa?aeoa?enoeeaie ?o no?oeoo?e ?
aeanoeainoae, ?iia??iino? caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeii? yeino? iiaa?oiaaiai
oa?o i?ney ia?iaee, iaa?oioiaai? oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
oaoiieia?? ? noai?ai? iniiae eaciai? ia?iaee ciinino?eeeo caoenieo
iie?eoo?a.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. Aeei?enoiao?iee iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae,
cai?iiiiiaaiee aaoi?ii, aea? iiaeeea?noue ia iniia? iiia?aaeiuei?
?ioi?iaoe?? aea?aoe iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiee iaoa??ae aeey iniauaiiy
??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo, aea?aoe aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e ?ino?oiaioo ?
?aaeeie ia?iaee iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo caoenieo iie?eoo?a, ioe?ieoe
iiaeeeaino? ii caaacia/aiith iio??aieo ia?aiao??a noaio iiaa?oiaaiai
oa?o iie?eoo?a, caaacia/eoe i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? ae?ia?a c
iie?eooyi. I?e oeueiio noai?aia caeaoi?noue i?iaaaeeoe eaciao ia?iaeo
aeaoaeae c iie?eooyie, ye? ?ai?o ia?iaeyeenue o?eueee oe?ooaaiiyi aai ia
ia?iaeyeenue cian?i. A ii??aiyii? ?c canoinoaaiiyi ?ino?oiaioo c
oaa?aeeo nieaa?a i?iaeoeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? ia?iaee ca?eueoo?oueny
a 1,3 — 6 ?ac?a c iaeii/aniei i?aeaeuaiiyi no?eeino? ??aeo/iai
?ino?oiaioo a 2 — 10 ?ac?a. A ii??aiyii? c i?ioeanaie
aeiacii-aa?aceaiiai oe?ooaaiiy i?iaeoeoeai?noue eaciai? ia?iaee
ca?eueoo?oueny a 2 — 4 ?ace.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ? aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ciaeoee ? io?eiothoue iiaa canoinoaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoaao
aoa?eueii? ? a??ie/i-aeaeiaoaii? i?iieneiaino?, /i?ii? ? eieuei?iai?
iaoaeo?a??, iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy oa ?ioeo aaeocae i?iieneiaino?, a oaeiae a
iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? ?iaeaia??a-oaoiieia?a aeey
i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoa Oe?a?i?, oa?eoee a EOI «Oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane
ia?iaee iie?eoo?a, iaieeaieo aacioa?i?/ieie iaoiaeaie. Oeiiaee
oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean EOI ?AC-9-90».

Caaaeueiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe c
23 ainiiaea?nueeeo aeiaiai??a neeaaea? iiiaae 1,4 iei. ?oae?a i?e
iaeia?e o/ano? aaoi?a iiiaae 650 oen. ?oae?a a oe?iao 1992 ?.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a neeaaea?:

— ?ic?iaea iniia eaciai? ia?iaee caoenieo iie?eoo?a, ye? aacothoueny ia
iieiaeaiiyo nenoaiiiai aiae?co;

— ?ic?iaea oyaeaiue i?i nenoaio aeiaaeeiaiai caoaeaeaiiy i?e eacia?e
ia?iaoe? caoenieo iie?eoo?a ? e?eoa??th ioe?iee ia?iaiino? ??caiiyi
iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a;

— ?ic?iaea oyaeaiue i?i iaoai?ci ciiooaaiiy ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo c
iie?e?enoae?/ieo iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a ia iniia? eoa?/iiai i?o?eaeo
ai?a, ye? aacothoueny ia ?acoeueoaoao oa?iiaeeiai?/ieo ?ic?aooie?a ?
aenia?eiaio?a c aea/aiiy o?i?/ii? aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ?
ia?iaiiai iaoa??ae?a c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao aeiaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua;

— ?ic?iaea i?ea?iaeueii? iaoiaeeee aeai?o ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo
aeey iniauaiiy ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo aeey ia?iaee caoenieo iie?eoo?a,
caniiaaii? ia aeei?enoaii? ?acoeueoao?a aeaoi?iaoe?eii-niaeo?aeueiiai
aiae?co iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a ?ino?oiaioo ? ia?iaiiai iie?eooy;

— ?ic?iaea eiioeaioe?? oi?ioaaiiy ia??aiinoae ia ia?iai?e iiaa?oi?, yea
a?aoiao? e?iaiaoeei-aaiiao?e/i? caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano ??caiiy,
iayai?noue a ia?iaiiio iaoa??ae? aeaoaeo?a oeio ii?, ianoaa?euei?noue
aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo iie?eooy ? aieea ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??
c??ca?iiai oa?o iie?eooy ia?aae ia?aaeiueith iiaa?oi?noth ?ino?oiaioo;

— ioe?iea iiaeeeaino? oaoiieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy yeino? iiaa?oiaaiai
oa?o aeaoaeae c iie?eooyie;

— iaa?oiooaaiiy oeyo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano ia?iaee
iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo iaoa??ae?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeieeaaeaeenue ?
iaae?oeiaai? a ca??eao aeieeaae?a ? iaoa??ae?a iiiaae 80
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo eiioa?aioe?e, nai?ia??a, neiiic?oi?a, eiia?an?a, a
oiio /ene? iiiaae 30 I?aeia?iaeieo, cie?aia 7 conferencia so zahranicnov
ucastov «NASTROJE, 89» (Bratislava, Slovakia, 1989), VI Krajowa
Konferencja Naukovo-Techniezna «Postery w teorii i technike obrobki
materialow» (Krakow, Polsha, 1990), VII nemzetkozi szerszam konferencia
es kialliias (Miscolc, Hungary, 1990), 2-e oa 3-e I?aeia?iaei?
neiiic?oie oe?a?inueeeo ?iaeaia??a-iaoai?e?a o Eueaia? (i. Euea?a,
Oe?a?ia, 1995, 1997), 6th European Conference on applications of surface
and interface analysis «EcAsia’95» (Montreux-Lausanne, Switzerland,
1995), «Oaoiieiaey-96» (i. Iiaai?iae, ?in?y, 1996), XXVIth International
Symposium of Production Mechanical Engineering (Podgorica-Budva,
Yugoslavia, 1996), 14th International Plansee Seminar (Reutte, Tyrol,
Austria, 1997), 6th International Conference on flexible technologies
(Novi Sad, Yugoslavia, 1997), 1th World Tribology Congress (London, UK,
1997), 1th International Conference of DAAAM National Estonia
«Industrial Engineering-Actual Activities» (Tallinn, Estonia, 1997), 2th
Joint American-Eastern European Conference «New Materials And
Technologies In Tribology (NMTT-97). Surface Engineering, Diagnosis and
Monitoring» (Minsk — Grodno — Warsaw, Belarus-Polsha, 1997), 9th
International Conference on Modern Materials & Technologies »
CIMTEC’98». World Ceramics Congress & Forum on new Materials (Florence,
Italy, 1998), «Ieaiee e iie?uoey’98» (i. Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, ?in?y, 1998),
27th Conference on Production Engineering of Yugoslavia with Foreign
Participants (Nis-Niska Banja, Yugoslavia, 1998).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, iiaeai? a aeena?oaoe??,
iaae?oeiaai? a 190 i?aoeyo, a oiio /ene? 4 iiiia?ao?yo, 7 a?ioo?ao, 80
noaooyo. Nienie iniiaieo 53 i?aoeue iaaaaeaiee a aaoi?aoa?ao?. Ia 20
iaoiaee/ieo ? eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ic?iaie io?eiai? aaoi?nuee? na?aeioeoaa
N?N? ? iaoaioe Oe?a?ie oa ?in??.

No?oeoo?a ? ia’?i ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
ainueie ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo aeei?enoiaaii?
e?oa?aoo?e ?c 373 iaeiaioaaiue ? aeiaeaoeo. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 250
noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ?c 125 iaethieaie ? 62 oaaeeoeyie.
Caaaeueiee ia’?i ?iaioe 461 noi??iie, a o./. aeiaeaoie ia 54 noi??ieao.

AI?NO ?IAIOE

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe?? a?aeiia?aea? iine?aeiaiino? ?ic?iaee iaoiaeee
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? oai?aoe/ieo ?ia?o,
aiae?co ? iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a, iaa?oiooaaiiy aeniiae?a.

Ia?oee ?icae?e. Oaia??oi? aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eia?/iei i?iaeiaaeaiiyi ?ia?o
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo o/aieo: Aiaaeea A.I., ?aauaiea A.I., Ea?thea
A.A., Eieii?eoey A.A., Eoae?yaoeaaa TH.A., Iiuaiea A.?., Ioeiaica TH.I.,
Ieeeiaiea I.I., Iieiinueeiai E.A., ?eaeiaa A.A., Ni?aaoa A.?.,
Oaeueaeooaeia A.A., O?eiiieeiaa I.E., Oa?eaiiaa TH.I., Oa?/aieiaa A.N.,
ssua?eoeeia I.?., Baik M.-Ch., Bell G.R., Biemann D., Csaba V., Grettman
D., Hayami T., Ikuta T., Inui V., Meister D., Muller P., Pauc A.,
Steinmetz K oa ?ioeo o/aieo, ye? aea/athoue ieoaiiy ia?iaee iie?eoo?a
eaciaei ?ino?oiaioii.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo iieaco?, ui ieoaiiy ia?iaee caoenieo
iie?eoo?a caa??aathoue naith aeooaeuei?noue. Iniaeeai oea a?aeiineoueny
aei iie?eoo?a ?c nieaa?a ia iniia? cae?ca, i?eaey, o?iia, a oaeiae
naiioethnoth/eony nieaa?a nenoai Ni-Cr-B-Si, Fe-Cr-B-Si-C.
Aeaeo?iaeoaiaa ? ieaciaia iaieaaee, aaciieaiaia ? ieaciaia iaieeaiiy ?
iaea?eueo canoiniao?ieie oaoiieia?yie iaianaiiy oaeeo iie?eoo?a.

Iie?ioeoe oaoi?ei-aeiiiie/i? iieacieee i?ioeano ??caiiy iaieaaeaieo ?
iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a oaa?ae?noth HRCa 40-65 iiaeeeai ca ?aooiie
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?ino?oiaioo, iniauaiiai iie?e?enoae?/ieie iaaeoaa?aeeie
iaoa??aeaie (IIOI) ia iniia? eoa?/iiai i?o?eaeo ai?a (EIA). Iaeiae ? a
oeueiio aeiaaeeo i?ioean ia?iaee oa?aeoa??co?oueny iecueeith
i?aoeacaeaoi?noth, iniaeeai i?e aeaeaeai? ei?ee iie?eooy, oa ?ioaineaiei
ciiooaaiiyi ?ino?oiaioo. *anoi niiaeeaa/? a?aeiiaeythoueny a?ae
canoinoaaiiy ia?niaeoeaieo iaoa??ae?a aeey iie?eoo?a /a?ac i?iaeaie, ye?
aeieeathoue i?e ?o iaoai?/i?e ia?iaoe?.

Aoaeoeaiee aea?? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo aeey ia?iaee iie?eoo?a
iiaeiai a?oiooaaoeny ia cia/iiio /ene? noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo, ui
iaiiaeeeai i?e i?iaaaeaii? no?ee?nieo aei?iaoaaiue. Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an
i?aaenoaaey? i?iaiicoaaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo, yea
aaco?oueny ia aiae?c? aeanoeainoae eiai iaoa??aeo, ui aeicaieeei a
cieceoe aeo?aoe ia i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o, a oaeiae aeaei
a iiaeeea?noue ioe?ithaaoe iaea?eueo aoaeoeai? aaeoc? canoinoaaiiy iiaeo
?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a.

I?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? ?iaioe c oe?eaiai?aaeaiiai eiino?othaaiiy ??aeo/eo
?ino?oiaio?a c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae i?ioean?a ia?iaee caoenieo
iie?eoo?a.

Iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aii aieea aeanoeainoae caoenieo iie?eoo?a ia aea??
?aaeei?a ??caiiy. I?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeine?aeaeaiiy c aea/aiiy aieeao
iniaeeainoae no?oeoo?e ? aeanoeainoae iie?eoo?a ia aenieoaoaoe?ei?
oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ino?oiaioo — ciin oa no?ee?noue. Iaoai?ci ciino
?ino?oiaioo c IIOI i?e ia?iaoe? iie?eoo?a aea/aiee ae?ae iaei. A ca’yceo
c oeei, iaaeinoaoiuei i?iiiceoe?e c oi?aae?iiy i?aoeacaeaoiinoth
?ino?oiaioa.

Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo c aieeao oiia ia?iaee ia ye?noue oa
aenieoaoaoe?ei? aeanoeaino? aeaoaeae c iie?eooyie iieacaa, ui
aeine?aeaeaiue a aeaiiio iai?yieo iaaeinoaoiuei. A ie?aieo ?iaioao
?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy oi?noeino? iiaa?oi?, aieeao oiia ??caiiy ia
ci?oeiaiiy ? caeeoeia? iai?oae a iiaa?oiaaiio oa??. Iaeiae, oe? ?iaioe
iaei/eneai?, a ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue o?aaiaioa?i? ? noia?a/i?.

sse aeaeii, aeooaeueiith ? caaea/a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? eaciai?
ia?iaee ? caaacia/aiiy iio??aiiai noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o aeaoaeae iaoei
c iaieaaeaieie ? iaieeaieie caoenieie iie?eooyie aeniei? oaa?aeino? ia
aac? o?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae no?oeoo?e ? naienoa aaoa?iaaieo iaoa??ae?a
iie?eoo?a ? canoinoaaiiy ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo c iie?e?enoae?/ieo
iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e. Caoeni? iie?eooy oa?aeoa??cothoueny cia/iei ?ici??ii ?
ianoaa?euei?noth iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae, neeaaei?noth ?
iaiaeii??aei?noth o?i?/iiai neeaaeo, a?eueoei ia?ai?iiei i?eioneii ia
ia?iaeo, iiaeeeaa iayai?noue a ia?iaiiio iaoa??ae? oaa?aeeo aeeth/aiue,
?aeiaei, ii?. Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ia?iaee oaeeo neeaaeieo
aaaaoioaeoi?ieo ia’?eo?a i?ioean iaiao?aeii ?icaeyaeaoe c iiceoe?e
nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c nenoaiieie oyaeaiiyie, aeoiaey/e c iaoe
?icaeyaea?ii? nenoaie S, iinooeth?oueny i?aaeei, ca yeei i?iaaaeeoueny
?? aeaeiiiiceoe?y — ia’?eoaie ieaeiueiai ??aiy aeaeiiiiceoe?? nenoaie
ia?iaee iie?eooy ? aeaiaioe, ye? aecia/athoue ia?aiao?e aca?iiae??
?ino?oiaioo c aeaoaeeth ? ?aaeeie ??caiiy.

Ia iniia? iayaiiai aeina?aeo ? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo iinooeth?ii,
ui aeey iieno nenoaie ia?iaee iie?eooy S aeinoaoiuei ?icaeyiooe aeayeo
oiiaio nenoaio IS, yea aeeth/a? ?i?oaoe?ei? ? iaoo?aeuei? iiaeae?,
aaeaeaaoii aecia/ath/? ca’ycee a nenoai? S. No?oeoo?a oiia nenoaie
aeeth/a? iiaeaeue nenoaie aeiaaeeiaiai caoaeaeaiiy DS, yea iieno?
ia?iaiee ia’?eo o aca?iica’yceo c aeei?enoiao?iei oaoiieia?/iei
iaeaaeiaiiyi, iiaeaeue ciiooaaiiy ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo DI ? ?i?oaoe?eio
iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy i?e?iia??aiinoae ia ia?iai?e iiaa?oi? DSh, a oaeiae
iaoo?aeuei? iiaeae? oi?ioaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeano
ia?iaee DN.

A?aoiaoth/e ianoaa?euei?noue iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae, iaiaeii??aei?noue
o?i?/iiai neeaaeo, iayai?noue ia aeaoaeyo c iie?eooyie a?aeoeeaiue iae?i
— ? i?e?iaaiiao??/i? ia?aiao?e iiaa?oiiue, ianoaa?euei?noue aei?noeino?
aeei?enoiao?iiai oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, ia? nain aiai?eoe i?i
iayai?noue i?e ia?iaoe? ??caiiyi oaeeo aaoa?iaaieo iaoa??ae?a ? ae?ia?a
nenoaie aeiaaeeiaiai caoaeaeaiiy DS.

Oaea nenoaia cia?aaeo?oueny, ye nenoaia, yea ia? o?e i?aenenoaie
(iae.1). Aa?oi?e ??aaiue {M1} nenoaie coiiaeaiee aei?noe?noth
oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, i?eno?i?a, ?ino?oiaioo ? aeaoae? (oiiaii —
oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy). Na?aaei?e ??aaiue {M2} nenoaie aeiaaeeiaiai
caoaeaeaiiy iia’ycaiee c iayai?noth ia iiaa?oi? ae?ia?a c iie?eooyie
iae?i — ? i?e?iia??aiinoae, a?aeoeeaiiy oi?ie ae?ia?a ? coiiaeaieie
oeeie iniaeeainoyie eiioaeooaaiiy c ??aeo/ei ?ino?oiaioii. Ia ieaeiueiio
??ai? {M3} ?icaeyaeathoueny iaiaeii??aeiino? no?oeoo?e ? iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo iaoa??ae?a.

Ia?aiao?e, aecia/ath/? aeaiaioe, ye? aoiaeyoue o a?aeiia?aeio
i?aenenoaio ? ?iia??ieie. Oe? ia?aiao?e iathoue nooi?iue iaiaaiino?,
iaoo?aeueiith i??ith yei? aenooia? ?ioi?iaoe?eia aio?ii?y ca Oaiiiiii I.
Aaaaeath/? i?aenenoaie iacaeaaeieie, aeey an??? ?icaeyaea?ii? nenoaie
aeiaaeeiaiai caoaeaeaiiy ii i?aaeeo neeaaeaiiy aio?ii?e io?eio?ii

(1)

Iaaaaeaiee ae?ac ?iaa??aioii a?aeiinii aaniethoiiai ??aith ia?aiao??a,
aecia/ath/eo aeiaaeeiaa caoaeaeaiiy a i?aenenoaiao. A oie aea /an
aaniethoia aaee/eia oeeo ia?aiao??a Oi aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaa? ia
aeo?aei? iieacieee i?ioeano ia?iaee, oiio a e?ioeaaiio aeaeyae?
caeaaei?noue aeey e?eoa??y ioe?iee ia?iaiino? iie?eoo?a ??caiiyi
i?eeia?oueny o aeaeyae?

(2)

Aeey aecia/aiiy caeaaeiino? i?ae oa?aeoa?enoeeaie iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae, iai?eeeaae, oaa?ae?noth iaoa??aeo, ? o?i?/iei neeaaeii
iie?eooy nei?enoo?iiny iiiyooyi noaoenoe/ii? aaae aoii?a noaa?eueieo
eiio?ao?aoe?e SVASK. A ca’yceo c a?aenooi?noth a oaia??oi?e /an iaaieo
e?euee?nieo aeaieo c oaciaiai neeaaeo iaieaaeaieo e iaieeaieo iaoa??ae?a
ye aaee/eie, e?euee?nii ioe?ithth/i? o?i?/iee neeaae ?icaeyaea?ieo
iaoa??ae?a, ?ic?aoiao?ii SVASK iaoa??aeo ye noia?iee SVASK aeey
aeaiaioiiai neeaaeo aeo?aeieo eiiiiiaio?a iie?eoo?a.

Iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea aeaieo ca aaee/eiaie SVASK ? na?aaei?e oaa?aeino?
iaianaieo iie?eoo?a ?icae?eaieo ii a?oiai oaoiieia?e io?eiaiiy aeo?aeieo
iaoa??ae?a ? iaianaiiy iie?eoo?a aeicaieeea io?eiaoe e?i?ei?
caeaaeiino?, ye? iia’ycothoue oaa?ae?noue iaoa??ae?a c ?o o?i?/iei
neeaaeii. Oaeei /eiii, ye oa?aeoa?enoeee aeanoeainoae iie?eoo?a a
iiaeaeueoiio aeei?enoiao?ii o?eueee ?o oaa?ae?noue.

Ao?ae

{ X } No?oeoo?a nenoaie

S={ a, p, R } Aeo?ae

{ Y } Ooieoe?y

{ O }

na?aaea

(

{ X1 } (

(

{ a1 }: aa?noao, onoaoeoaaiiy, ?ino?oiaio, aeaoaeue

{ p1 }: eiioaeoia aei?noe?noue, aeaoi?iaoe?y

{ R1 }: eiioaeoia aca?iiae?y ( { Y1 }

ci?uaiiy aa?oeie ?ino?oiaioo { O1 }: oi/i?noue ? ye?noue ae?ia?a

c i?i?iaeueieie aeo?aoaie

i?eione

(

{ X2 } (

( { a2}: ?ino?oiaio, aeaoaeue, no?oaeea, na?aaeiaeua

{ p2 }: neeaae, no?oeoo?a iaoa??aeo

eiiiiceoa, no?oeoo?a iiaa?oi? iie?eooy

{ R2 }: iaoai?/ia ? o?i?/ia aca?iiae?? (

( { Y2 }

neea ? oaiia?aoo?a ??caiiy

{ O2 }:

ceii i?eioneo

{ X3 } (

aeaiaioiee o?i?/iee neeaae { a3 }: eiiiiiaioe iaoa??aeo iie?eooy,
oaoiieia?/i? oaeoi?e oi?ioaaiiy iie?eooy

{ p3 }: o?i?/i? ? iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? aeaiaio?a

{ R3 }: o?i?/ia ? iaoai?/ia aca?iiae?? (

( { Y3 }

neeaae ? aeanoeaino? eiiiiceoo { O3 }:

caaacia/aiiy aenieoaoaoe?eieo aeanoeainoae ae?ia?a

Iae.1. Nenoaia aeiaaeeiaiai caoaeaeaiiy.

Aeey noaoenoe/ii? ioe?iee oaa?aeino? iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o iie?eooy ?
aio?ii?? noeoiiino? ?? cia/aiue I1 aeei?enoiao?ii iaoiae
aeaoi?iaoe?eii-niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co. ?c aiae?co o?eaia?ai aeoiaeeoue,
ui na?aaeiy aaee/eia oaa?aeino? ? iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o iaoa??aeo ia
aeiaaeei? o?ane neaioaaiiy ? aaee/eia aio?ii?? I1 iaoai?/ieo
aeanoeainoae aeine?aeiiai iaoa??aeo aecia/athoueny ii caeaaeiinoyi

,

(4)

aea pi – i?aeeiaoa i — ai iaeneioio ia o?eaia?ai?; N — e?euee?noue
?icaeyaea?ieo e?aiie o?eaia?aie; N – eiao?oe??io, yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae
oaiia?aoo?e.

Ao?aeiei ia?aiao?ii ae?oai? i?aenenoaie ? ci?iia aeeaeia ??caiiy,
iia’ycaia c iayai?noth ia iiaa?oi? iie?eooy cia/ieo iae?iia??aiinoae.
Aiae?c noeoiiino? i?aeeiao i?ioeeth iiaa?oi? iie?eoo?a i?e ??ciiio e?ieo
aei??o aeicaiey? i?eionoeoe iayai?noue ia ?icaeyaea?ieo iiaa?oiyo
o?aeoaeueieo aeanoeainoae (oaae.1).

Aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoiae ii?iiaaiiai ?iciaoo Oa?noa, a?aoiaoth/e aeiaaeeio
ca?acea L ? iaeneiaeueio aenioo ia??aiinoae ia iiaa?oi? R, io?eio?ii
ae?ac aeey aecia/aiiy aaee/eie aio?ii?? noeoiiino? i?aeeiao i?ioeeth
iiaa?oi? iie?eooy H2 /a?ac aaee/eio ?? o?aeoaeueii? ?ici??iino? D

(5)

Oaaeeoey.1. O?aeoaeueia ?ici??i?noue D i?ioeeth iiaa?oiiue iie?eoo?a

Iie?eooy, iaoa??ae, iaoiae iaianaiiy D

IA-N?4, ii?ioie a?aioeueiaaiee, aaoiiaoe/ia oe?ieiiieinia ieaciaia
iaieaaea 1,4884

II-Ii-25O5OIN, ii?ioeiaee ae??o, aeaeo?iaeoaiaa iaieaaea i?ae nei?i
oethno 1,6522

IA-10I-01, ii?ioie a?aioeueiaaiee, ?o/ia aaciieaiaia iaieeaiiy c
iieaaeaiiyi (aeiaaee c?acie) 1,2485

IA-10I-01, ii?ioie a?aioeueiaaiee, ?o/ia aaciieaiaia iaieeaiiy c
iieaaeaiiyi (ei?ioeee c?acie) 1,0822

IN-12IAE-01, ii?oeiaa noi?o, aaoiiaoe/ia ieaciaia iaieeaiiy c
iieaae?iiyi 1,325

A?noia?aie i?oaei?o aeaoi?iaoe?e a oiea?ieo aa?noaoao ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aei???a, ui aeeiiaa o a?aeiia?aeiino? c AINO 18097-72 A. E. Noa?eia, c
aa?iei i?eaeeaeaiiyi ai?ieneiothoueny eiaa?eoi?/ii ii?iaeueiei
?iciiae?eii. Ae?ac aeey ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao?o I3 /a?ac aeenia?n?th
aaee/eie i?oaei?o aeaoi?iaoe?e (1 ia? aeaeyae

(6)

O?ao?e ?icae?e. Iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e ? aeanoeainoae iie?eoo?a
aecia/athoue oa?iineeia? caeiiii??iino? ?o ia?iaee.

A oaia??oi?e ?iaio? neee ia caaei?e iiaa?oi? ?ino?oiaioo aecia/aee ca
?acoeueoaoaie ??oaiiy i?oaeiuei? eiioaeoii? caaea/? i?i ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
??aeo/i? e?iiee a iaoa??ae iie?eooy, iiaeaethth/e ?? o aeaeyae?
noa?e/iiai ?iaeaioi?a. A ?acoeueoao? io?eiai? ??aiyiiy, ye? a?aoiaothoue
iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? iie?eoo?a (HB0, E0, Hi?ae, () ? iniaeeaino? ?o
no?oeoo?e, cie?aia, ii?eno?noue (A, k, n), o?aeoaeueio ?ici??i?noue (D)
iiaa?oi? aeaoae? c iie?eooyi, ia?aiao?e ?aaeeio ??caiiy (tiino),
aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e ?ino?oiaioo (R, (, (, (?, (1?) ? aaee/eio ciino
?ino?oiaioo ii caaei?e iiaa?oi? (hc)

(7)

I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee iieaciee?a iaoai?ee eiioaeoii? aca?iiae??
iieacaee, ui iai?oaa a oiiaao ieiueie cnoao i?e ??caii? iaieaaeaiiai
iaoaeo a 2,1 ?ac?a iaiueoa ?ic?aooieiaiai aeey aiiiaaieo noaeae o??? ae
oaa?aeino?. Aeacaia coiiaeaii, iiaeeeai, neaaeei i?aee?enoae?/iei
ca’yceii ? aeii?oeaie ia iaae? ca?ai iie?eoo?a, cieaeoth/eie iai?oao i?e
cnoai?e aeaoi?iaoe?? a?eueoa i?ae a aeaa ?ace. Iaeiae, i?e aeaoi?iaoe??,
coiiaeaii? aaeaaethaaiiyi ??aeo/iai eaca a ia?iaiee iaoa??ae, oe?
iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e iaieaaeaiiai iaoaeo iiae?aiei /eiii ia
i?iyaeythoueny. Iaaiaee, i?e aaee/ei? eiao?oe??ioo oa?ooy ia ia?aaei?e
iiaa?oi? ?ino?oiaioo (n = 0,02, noiaeei?noue ?ic?aoiaaieo ? aeine?aeieo
cia/aiue nee caaacia/o?oueny i?e aaee/eiao qNc a 1,5 ?ac?a a?eueoeo a
ii??aiyii? c oeie, ye? o?aieythoueny i?e ??caii? cae/aeieo
eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a.

Aiaeia?/i? ?ic?aooiee, i?iaaaeai? ca ?acoeueoaoaie ioe?iee nee ??caiiy
i?e oi/?ii? iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a, iieacothoue, ui oi/?iiy ii?ioeiaeo
iaoa??ae?a i?e iioeiaeueieo oaeaeeinoyo ??caiiy oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
aeanue a 3 ?ace iaioith aeioe/iith iai?oaith a ieiuei? cnoao ? a 2,25
?ac?a a?eueoei ii?iaeueiei oeneii ia caaei?e iiaa?oi? ?ino?oiaioo a
ii??aiyii? c aecia/aieie, aeoiaey/e c iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, aeey
aiiiaaieo noaeae.

Io?eiai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? caeaaeiino? oaiia?aoo?e ??caiiy a?ae
oaeaeeino? ??caiiy i?e oi/?ii? iaieaaeaieo oa iaieeaieo iaoa??ae?a. Aeey
oi/?iiy iaieaaeaieo iie?eoo?a oa?aeoa?ii iiiioiiia ca?eueoaiiy
oaiia?aoo?e ??caiiy c ?inoii oaeaeeino? ??caiiy, i?e oeueiio oaiia?aoo?a
??caiiy i?e ia?iaoe? ieaciaii iaieaaeaieo iie?eoo?a ia iniia? Ni ia 150
— 200 (N aeua, i?ae i?e ia?iaoe? iie?eoo?a ia iniia? Fe, iaianaieo
aeaeo?iaeoaiaith iaieaaeith.

I?e ia?iaoe? iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a caeaaei?noue ia? aeno?aiaeueiee
oa?aeoa? (iaeneiaeueia oaiia?aoo?a 1150 — 1200 (N). sse oai?aoe/ii
iieacaa I. I. Aeiia?aaeia, oaea caeaaei?noue iiaeeeaa i?e ciaiueoaii?
eiao?oe??ioo oa?ooy ia ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi? ?ino?oiaioo aei aaee/ei 0,01 —
0,1, ui, a?aoiaoth/e iaaaaeai? aeua ?acoeueoaoe, ? oe?eeii ?iia??iei i?e
ia?iaoe? iie?eoo?a ??coeyie, iniauaieie IIOI ia iniia? EIA.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e. A?aoiaoth/e io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?i iaoai?eo ?
oaiia?aoo?i? caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano ??caiiy iie?eoo?a, o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinooeueiaaiei oyaeaiiyi i?i oiiaio nenoaio, aeey
?ic?iaee i?ioeano ia?iaee iie?eoo?a ?ic?iaeaia iiaeaeue ciiooaaiiy
??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo.

sse a?aei?/aeiny aeua, i?e aea/aii? caeiiii??iinoae iaoai?ee eiioaeoii?
aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioo c ia?iaiei iie?eooyi noiaeei?noue
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a ? oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a ia? i?noea i?e
aaee/ei? eiao?oe??ioo oa?ooy ia ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi? ?ino?oiaioo, yea
a?aeiia?aea? oiiaai ??aeeiai oa?ooy. I?e oaiia?aoo?? a cii? ??caiiy (
1200 (N ??aeea oaca a eiioaeo? ?ino?oiaio-no?oaeea iiaea c’yaeoeny
o?eueee i?e oiia? iayaiino? o?i?/ii? aca?iiae?? i?ae eiioaeooth/eie
iaoa??aeaie ? ieaaeaiiy ooai?aieo c’?aeiaiue.

Aiae?c ae?aa?aie noaio nenoai Ia-A iieacaa, ui a cacia/ai?e iaeano?
oaiia?aoo? ia? i?noea ?nioaaiiy aaoaeoeee Ia-IaoA c a?aeiia?aeiith
oaiia?aoo?ith ieaae?iiy.

Oa?iiaeeiai?/i? ?ic?aooiee naiaiaeii? aia?a?? A?aana (Gr ?aaeoe?e
ooai?aiiy ai?eae?a FeB (1), Fe2B (2), Ni2B (3), Ni3B (4) (iae.2),
i?iaaaeai? ii caeaaeiino?

, (8)

iieacothoue, ui i?e ia?oe?aeueiiio oeneo acioo a cii? eiioaeoo ( 70 —
750 Ia ? oeneo a eiioaeo? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ? ia?iaiiai iaoa??ae?a 1 —
5 AIa, oaiia?aoo?a ii/aoeo aca?iiae?? i?o?eaea ai?a ? iaoae?a neeaaea? (
1200 (N.

Iiaeaeuei? aenia?eiaioe, i?iaaaeai? iaoiaeii AeOA, i?aeoaa?aeeee
ni?aaaaeeea?noue ?acoeueoao?a, io?eiaieo ?ic?aooieaie.

A oiiaao iiaeaeueii? oa?iiaeoeaaoe?? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? (iaa??a aei
1200 (N) eiioaeooth/eo c?ace?a ?c noae? ? EIA ia iia?o?? cae?enith?oueny
ooai?aiiy iiai? o?i?/ii? ?a/iaeie, yea i?noeoue (-Fe, Cr, O, Al, B, N.
I?ney ioieiaeaeaiiy ooai?aiee i?iaeoeo aca?iiae?? eiioaeooth/eo
iaoa??ae?a aeaeyaea? ye noeoii?noue ie?aieo e?enoae?a ??cii? oi?ie, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i eiai oi?ioaaiiy ?c ??aeei? oace.

Oiiae oa?iio?eaiaeoeaaoe?? aca?iiae?? ?aae?ciaoaaeenue aaciina?aaeiuei a
i?ioean? ??caiiy iie?eooy. sse aeaeii c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ia
eiioaeoieo ae?eyieao ?ino?oiaioo ia? i?noea ooai?aiiy iiaeo o?i?/ieo
c’?aeiaiue, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iayai?noth a IAEA-niaeo?ao e?i?e,
a?aeiia?aeieo B, N, O, C, Me ? a niaeo?ao iiceoeaieo aoi?eiieo ?ii?a
e?i?e, a?aeiia?aeieo BN+, MeO+, MeC+, MeB+, MeN+ (oaae. 2).

Aiae?c io?eiaieo aeaieo ? i?e?ioioia?ao?e ciioaii? /anoeie ?ino?oiaioo
aeicaiey? caeeth/eoe, ui ii?yae ?c aca?iiei ia?aiinii ia?iaiiai ?
?ino?o-iaioaeueiiai iaoa??ae?a ? ci?iith o?i?/iiai neeaaeo iiaa?oiaaeo
oa??a eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue ?ino?oiaioo, ia? i?noea ci?ia neeaaeo
iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o ? ia iaeiioaeoieo ae?eyieao, yea aeyaey?oueny a
ooai?aii?, naiai ?iaeo, iie?eooy ia ae?eyieao ia?aaei?e ? caaei?o
iiaa?oiyo ??coey. A caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeei?a ia?iaee ? ?ici??o ciino
?ino?oiaioo ci?ith?oueny ciai?oi?e aeaeyae iie?eooy, eiai eiio?ao?aoe?y
? ?icoaooaaiiy a?aeiinii ??aeo/eo e?iiie ? aa?oeie. Ii??aiyiiy
aia?aaoe/ieo niaeo??a c eiioaeoiith iiaa?oiath ?ino?oiaioo ? iiaa?oi?
iie?eooy, aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui iie?eooy neeaaea?oueny c
ieene?a, ea?a?ae?a, i?o?eae?a ? ai?eae?a aeaiaio?a, ye? aoiaeyoue a
o?i?/iee neeaae eiioaeooth/eo iaoa??ae?a.

Oaaeeoey 2. A?aeiiniee ?iiee neeaae iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o iie?eooy.

Iiaa?oiy 52Nr+

56Fe+ 52Nr11A+

56Fe+ 52NrN+

56Fe+ 11BN+

56Fe+ 52NrO+

56FeC+

56Fe+ 56Fe11B+

56Fe+ 56FeN+

56Fe+ 56FeO+

56Fe+

I?ney ia?iaee 0,77 0,77 0,29 0,38 0,63 0,62 0,12 0,37

I?ney o?aae. I2 (20 oae.)

0,82

0,35

0,14

0,22

0,32

0,34

0,08

0,19

I?ney o?aae. I2

(30 oae.)

0,71

0,09

0,07

0,11

0,15

0,15

0,04

0,15

Oae ye i?iaeoeoe ciino (??aeea oaca) aeeeaeathoueny c ciie eiioaeoo a
iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua ? in?aeathoue ia iaeiioaeooth/eo c ia?iaiei
iaoa??aeii iiaa?oiyo ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo, oi ?o /anoeiee ciaoiaeyoueny
? a ioi/oth/iio ciio ??caiiy aaciaiio i?inoi??. *anoeiee ?icieaaeaiiai
iaoa??aeo, iiiaaeath/e a iia?o?y, i?eeiathoue i?ae ae??th nee
a?aa?oaoe?? ? iiaa?oiaaiai iaoyao i?aaeeueio noa?e/io oi?io ?
e?enoae?cothoueny a oaeiio aeaeyae? c aeaiae?eoiith no?oeoo?ith. I?e
oeueiio, aa?oeia ?ino?oiaioo i?aoeth? a «oia??» ?c noa?e/ieo /anoeiie
i?iaeoeo?a aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo c ia?iaiei ?
aeaiaioaie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeaii
aenia?eiaioaeueii (a. n. 1817001). A o?i?/iee neeaae noa?e/ieo /anoeiie,
yeee aecia/aii niaeo?aeueiei aiae?cii ? ia ?aioaai?anueeiio
i?e?iaiae?caoi??, aoiaeyoue aeaiaioe, ye? ? a neeaae? eiioaeooth/eo
iaoa??ae?a ? a iaaeieeoiueiio na?aaeiaeu? (B, N, O, C, Fe, Cr, Si, Al).

Oaeei /eiii, iayai?noue a cii? eiioaeoo ?ino?oiaioo ?c no?oaeeith
??aeei? oace iaae?eii i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iaaaaeaieie aeua ?acoeueoaoaie
aeine?aeaeaiue. Oeae aoaeo ia? i?noea ? i?e ia?iaoe? a ??cieo aaciaeo
na?aaeiaeuao — ia iia?o??, a a?aii? ? a acio?.

Oaeaeeinoyi ??caiiy 0,5 — 0,75 i/n a?aeiia?aea? na?aaeiy oaiia?aoo?a ia
eiioaeoi?e ae?eyioe? ia?aaeiuei? iiaa?oi? ( 700 — 950 (N. I?e oaeeo
oaiia?aoo?ao iaa??ao ieeneaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo ia? iecueeo
?ioaineai?noue (iae. 3). A oie aea /an, aaoaeoe/ia ??aeea oaca a cii?
eiioaeoo ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ? ia?iaiiai iaoa??ae?a aaea ?. A oaeeo
oiiaao aieea aaciaeo na?aaeiaeu ia ciin ?ino?oiaioo iia’ycaii ?c
cieaeaiiyi ?ioaineaiino? o?i?/ii? aca?iiae?? c? ca?eueoaiiyi
ia?oe?aeueiiai oeneo acioo (a?aii ( iia?o?y ( acio).

Ca?eueoaiiy oaeaeeino? ??caiiy a?eueoa 2 -3 i/n noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
c?inoaiiyi oaiia?aoo?e ia eiioaeoieo ae?eyieao ?ino?oiaioo a?eueoa 1050
— 1200 (N. I?e ?iaio? ia iia?o?? ?ioaineo?oeo?oueny ieeneaiiy
?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo. Aaaaeaiiy a ciio ??caiiy a?aiio cieaeo?
ieenethaaeueia ciiooaaiiy

?ino?oiaioo. Acioia na?aaeiaeua, ie??i oiai, i?i?i?co? ciiooaaiiy
?ino?oiaioo ca ?aooiie ciaiueoaiiy ?ioaineaiino? ooai?aiiy ??aeei? oace
aaoaeoe/iiai neeaaeo ia eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiyo ?ino?oiaioo.

Aiae?c ci?i nee ? oaiia?aoo?e ??caiiy c ?inoii oaeaeeino? ??caiiy i?e
ia?iaoe? iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo iaoa??ae?a iieaco?, ui ieeneaiiy
?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo ia iniia? EIA iaea?eueoa aieeaa? ia ciin
?ino?oiaioo i?e oa?iiaa?e/ieo oiiaao, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue iiooaeiino?
??caiiy a?eueo i?ae 1250 — 1350 Ao.

O?aooaaiiy i?iiiio?iiai iaoai?cio ciiooaaiiy iie?e?enoae?a ia iniia? EIA
aeicaiey? ea?oaaoe i?aoeacaeaoi?noth ?ino?oiaioo ye ia noaae??
ae?iaieoeoaa ??aeo/eo aeaiaio?a, oae e a i?ioean? eiai aenieoaoaoe??.
Aaaaeaiiy a neeaae iie?e?enoaeo /e oaoiieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua ?a/iaeie,
yea ? ?ia?a?oi?ii ?aaeoe?e aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo c
ia?iaiei ? aeaiaioaie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua aai cnoaath/iai
i?io?eaiiy oeeo ?aaeoe?e a a?eueo aenieioaiia?aoo?io ciio (iai?eeeaae,
aaciiiae?aiee acio), aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia?iaee
ae?ia?a ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy oaeaeeino? ??caiiy ? i?aeaeueoe no?ee?noue
??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo.

C ?inoii ia?aiao?o H’ i?aoeacaeaoi?noue ?ino?oiaioo cieaeo?oueny, ui
iia’ycaii c ?ioaineo?eaoe??th iaio neeaaeiaeo iaoai?cio ciiooaaiiy.

I’yoee ?icae?e. Aeey aoaeoeaii? ia?iaee iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo
iie?eoo?a iniaeeaa cia/aiiy ia? i?aaeeueiee aea?? iaoa??aeo ??aeo/iai
?ino?oiaioo. A?aoiaoth/e yeino? ia?iaieo iaoa??ae?a, aea?? iaoa??aeo
aeey ?ino?oiaioo iiaeiai i?iaaaeeoeny ia iniia? aeaio e?eoa???a.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? aeei?enoiaothoueny iaoiaeeee, ye? a?aoiaothoue
noeoii?noue i?oei?nieo yeinoae iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o aeine?aeieo iaoa??ae?a.
Iaeiei c oaeeo iaoiae?a ? aeaoi?iaoe?eii-niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c.
Aeanoeaino? iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o ioe?iththoueny eiiieaenii /eneaieo
oa?aeoa?enoee: m — iaoaiaoe/ia /aeaiiy oaiaaioe?eii? neeaaeiai? neee
eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ?iaeaioi?a c iiaa?oiaaei oa?ii; Dd — aeenia?n?y
neee eiioaeoii? aca?iiae??; S — aia?aaoe/ia niaeo?aeueia u?euei?noue
?iciiae?eo neee eiioaeoii? aca?iiae??.

Aeey ii??aiyiiy aeanoeainoae iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o ??cieo IIOI ?ic?iaeaiee
niin?a ioe?iee ieoiieo ia?aiao??a m’ ? Dd’ (a.n. 1758521).

C aaie i?iieneiai aeionea?ieo a oaia??oi?e ia??iae ?ino?oiaioaeueieo
iaoa??ae?a c IIOI ia iniia? EIA ? oaa?aeeo nieaa?a iaea?eueoo
ciinino?ee?noue iathoue iie?e?enoaee eeai?eoo ? eiiiiceoo 10, ye?
iathoue aenie? cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o m’ (2,2 — 2,3 I) i?e iaeiaiueoiio
?iceeae? i?oei?nieo aeanoeainoae Dd’ (3.10-5 — 10-6 I2). Iaiueoa
i?aoeacaeaoi?noue ?ino?oiaioo c oaa?aeiai nieaao i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
cia/ii a?eueo iecueeith aaee/eiith ieoiii? neee eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? m’
(0,5 I) ? i?aeaeuaiei ?iceeaeii i?oei?nieo yeinoae Dd’ (2,7.10-4 I2)
iaoa??aeo.

Aeey ioe?iee i?aoeacaeaoiino? ?ino?oiaio?a a oiiaao oaea?ieo
iaaaioaaeaiue a aiae?c ne?ae aeeth/eoe ia?aiao?e, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
?oeioaaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo, iai?eeeaae, eiao?oe??io
o??u?iino?eeino? E1c. Aa?o/e aei oaaae cia/aiiy E1c (8,16 IIa.i1/2) ?
?acoeueoaoe aeaoi?iaoe?eii-niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co, iiaeia c?iaeoe
aeniiaie, ui a oiiaao oaea?ieo aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue iaea?eueo
aenie? aenieoaoaoe?ei? yeino? ia? IIOI eeai?eo.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? i?iaaaeeoueny aenia?eiaioaeueia ii??aiyiiy
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ?ino?oiaio?a c aea?aieo iaoa??ae?a. A?aoiaoth/e
niaoeeo?/i? aeanoeaino? iaoa??ae?a iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a,
a?aeiinii iaeo oiaueio oa?o ? cia/io aa?o?noue iie?eooy iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaiei ? iaoiae, iniiaaiee ia i?iaiico?ieo ?ic?aooieao ?c caeo/aiiyi
i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aeieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo. Ia iae. 4
i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe oaeiai iiaeaethaaiiy no?ee?nieo aenia?eiaio?a.

A?aeiinia aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ?ino?oiaioo c aeine?aeiiai
iaoa??aeo aecia/a?oueny e??oa???i, yeee yaey? niaith a?aeiioaiiy ciino
?ino?oiaioo (hc) ia iaeeieoeth ciyoiai iaoa??aeo (Q) a iaeeieoeth /ano
(T), aei aiaeia?/iiai iieacieea aeey aoaeiio

(9)

A oaae. 3. iaaaaeai? cia/aiiy e?eoa??th A aeey ia?iaee ?yaeo iie?eoo?a.

Oaaeeoey 3. A?aeiinia aoaeoeai?noue ia?iaee iie?eoo?a ??coeyie,
iniauaieie IIOI c eeai?eoo ? oaa?aeiai nieaao O15E6.

Oei iie?eooy Iaoa??ae iie?eooy Oaa?ae?noue

HRCa Eiao?oe??io A

Iaieaaea II-Ii-18O1A1I

II-Ii-35A9O3NO

Ii-65A

EN-5O4A3ION (ii ei?oe?) 38-42

44-48

45-52

52-55 16,2

24,2

25,4

36,0

Iaieeaiiy IA-N?3

IA-10I-01 47-52

54-60 17,3

24,3

E?eoa??e a?aoiao? aoaeo a?ae canoinoaaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo
ca ?aooiie ci?ie no?eeino? ?ino?oiaioo ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia?iaee.
Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ?ino?oiaioo c IIOI c?inoa? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
oaa?aeino? ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo.

E?eoa??e a?aoiao? aoaeo a?ae canoinoaaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo
ca ?aooiie ci?ie no?eeino? ?ino?oiaioo ? i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia?iaee.
Aoaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy ?ino?oiaioo c IIOI c?inoa? ?c ca?eueoaiiyi
oaa?aeino? ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo.

Iaaaaeai? aeua aeai? c iaoai?ee eiioaeoii? aca?iiae??, o?i?/ii?
aca?iiae?? a cii? ??caiiy ? oaeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe c i?aoeacaeaoiino?
?ino?oiaio?a ?c ??cieo iaoa??ae?a aeicaieythoue, n o?aooaaiiyi iaoiaeeee
O. I. Eieaaeca, noi?ioethaaoe ia?ae?e aeiia, ye? aenoaathoueny aei
iaoa??aeo ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo aeey ia?iaee iie?eoo?a:

— iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?: oaa?ae?noue i?e oaiia?aoo?? ??caiiy HVe ( 2 —
6,2 AIa; a?aieoey i?oeiino? ia noene (nae ( 0,9 — 3 AIa; a?aieoey
i?oeiino? ia ?icoya (? ( 0,3 AIa; a?aieoey i?oeiino? i?e caei? (e ( 0,6
AIa; iiaeoeue i?oaeiino? A ( 800 AIa; eiao?oe??io o??u?iino?eeino? E1n (
7 IIa(i1/2;

— iiaa?oiaa? aeanoeaino? (iaaaioaaeaiiy 200 nI; oaeaee?noue neaioaaiiy
2,64 iei/n): m’ (2,2 I; Dd’ ( 0,1.10-4 I2;

— o?i?/i? aeanoeaino?: oa?iino?ee?noue ia iia?o?? ( 1200 (N; i?i?iaeueia
?ioaineai?noue aca?iiae?? eiiiiiaio?a ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo c
aeaiaioaie ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo (Fe, Cr, Ni, Co, Ti, Mo, W).

Iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e ? aeanoeaino? iie?eoo?a iiaeii? a?aoiaoaaoeny i?e
i?ecia/aii? ?aaeei?a ia?iaee.

Aeeaeia ??caiiy ? iaeiei c iniiaieo ia?aiao??a oiia ??caiiy. Iaeiae, i?e
ia?iaoe? iie?eoo?a aeeaeia ??caiiy iaiueoa aieeaa? ia aeo?aei? iieacieee
i?ioeano ia?iaee, oae ye aiia iaaaeeea ?c-ca iaaaeeei? caaaeueii?
oiaueie iie?eooy, yea neeaaea? aeey iaieeaieo iaoa??ae?a, ye i?aaeei,
0,5 — 1,0 ii, a oaeiae ?c-ca oiai, ui aea?? aeeaeie ??caiiy i?aeaeaaeai
iaiao?aeiino? caaacia/aiiy caaeaii? aenieoaoaoe?eii? yeino? aeaoae?. Oea
aecia/a? caeaaei?noue aeeaeie ??caiiy a?ae oiaueie h ? oaa?aeino? HRCa
iie?eooy. Aeey iaoa??ae?a nenoaie Ni-Cr-B-Si aiia ia? aeaeyae (iaoaio
Oe?a?ie 5507)

(0,54 — 2,45.10-3 HRCy)h ( t ( (0,54 — 2,16. 10-3 HRCy)h. (10)

A caaaeueiiio aeaeyae? i?e ia?iaoe? iie?eoo?a aeeaeia ??caiiy
neeaaea?oueny c aeaio neeaaeiaeo — ia?ai?iii? (a a?aieoeyo ia??aiiai
oa?o iie?eooy) ti?i ? iino?eii? (ieae/a ia??aiiai oa?o iie?eooy) tiino.
Na?aaeiy aaee/eia ti?i iiaea aooe aecia/aia ca aeiiiiiaith e?eai?
a?aeiinii? iii?ii? iiaa?oi? iie?eooy. *a?ac o?aeoaeueio ?ici??i?noue
iiaa?oi? D, aeenia?n?th i?aeeiao i?io?eth ( iie?eooy ? aeiaaeeio c?acea
L iaeneiaeueia aaee/eia ia?ai?iii? neeaaeiai? aeeaeie ??caiiy
aecia/a?oueny caeaaei?noth

. (11)

Aea?? iiaea/? iia’ycaiee c eiie?aoiith iia?aoe??th ia?iaee. Noiniaii
i?ioeano ia?iaee iie?eoo?a iaiaaeaiiy iiaea/? iia’ycai? c i?oei?noth
?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo ? i?oeiino? noe?ieaiiy iie?eooy c iniiaith.
Ia?iaea iie?eoo?a oaa?ae?noth HRCa ( 40 — 45 ?ino?oiaioii c IIOI,
iaea?eueo aoaeoeaieo a oeueiio aeiaaeeo, i?iaaaeeoueny i?e iiaea/? S < 0,2 ii/ia. Caniae aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueii? oaeaeeino? ??caiiy, cai?iiiiiaai? aeey aeiaaee?a ia?iaee ??caiiyi eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, iiaeooue aooe canoiniaai? ? aeey ia?iaee iie?eoo?a. Iaeiae, inoaii? iathoue niaoeeo?/i? aeanoeaino?, ye? ia a?aoiaothoueny o a?aeiieo caniaao. Cie?aia, ia aaee/eio iioeiaeueii? oaeaeeino? ??caiiy aieeaathoue aaoa?iaaii?noue no?oeoo?e iie?eooy, eiai ii?eno?noue ? o. ae. sse iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, oaeaee?noue ??caiiy a?aeiia?aeia i?i?iaeuei?e ci?i? ii?enoino? iiaa?oi? (a. n. 1748956) ni?aiaaea? c iioeiaeueiith oaeaee?noth ??caiiy, yea a?aeiia?aea? iaeneiaeuei?e no?eeino? ?ino?oiaioo. A?aoiaoth/e aenieo aa?o?noue iaoa??ae?a aeey caoenieo iie?eoo?a, a?aeiinii iaaaeeeo (iniaeeai aeey oiia ia?iaee ii ei?oe?) oiaueio iie?eooy, aeioe?eueii oai?aoe/ii aecia/aoue aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e ?ino?oiaioo. A oe?e ?iaio? c o?aooaaiiyi no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae ? aeanoeainoae iie?eoo?a i?eeiyoi i?aeo?ae, ?ic?iaeaiee i?io. I. I. Ea??iei. Aaee/eia ia?aaeiueiai eooa ??coey c o?aooaaiiyi ii?enoino? iie?eoo?a (k – ii?eno?noue; A, n – eiao?oe??ioe, ye? aecia/athoue oi?io ii?, HBi – oaa?ae?noue iaoa??aeo aac ii?) aecia/a?oueny ii caeaaeiinoyi: - aeey iaieaaeaieo iaoa??ae?a - aeey iaieeaieo iaoa??ae?a -( = 0,89.10-14[HB0 (1-Ak)n ]5,7 -( = 0,066 HB0 (1-Ak)n -17,2. (12) Ca io?eiaieie aeaieie ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aeai?o ?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a aeey ia?iaee iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a noi?iiaai? o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei eeaneo?eaoe?? iaoa??ae?a iie?eoo?a I?aeia?iaeiei ?inoeoooii caa?thaaiiy. Ia ??ai? aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa ? iaoaio?a cai?iiiiiaaia aaia eiino?oeoe?e ?ino?oiaio?a, a?aoiaoth/eo iniaeeaino? ia?iaee ciinino?eeeo caoenieo iie?eoo?a (9 eiino?oeoe?e). Oinoee ?icae?e. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c? noaiith aeaeiiiiceoe?? aeo?aeii? caaea/? ia?iaee iie?eoo?a ? iinooeueiaaiei oyaeaiiyi i?i oiiaio nenoaio i?e ia?iaoe? iie?eoo?a ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy i?e?iia??aiinoae ia ia?iai?e iiaa?oi? ? aeine?aeaeaii aieea oiia ia?iaee ia ia?aiao?e noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o iie?eoo?a. Aenioa i?e?iia??aiinoae, ?ic?aoiaaia c e?iaiaoeei-aaiiao?e/ieo oyaeaiue caeiiii??iinoae oi?ioaaiiy iiaa?oi? (Rz?) ? io?eiaia a ?acoeueoao? ia?iaee, a a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ia ni?aiaaeathoue. Noiniaii ia?iaee caoenieo iie?eoo?a ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe ci?io aeoeie ia??aiinoae a ?acoeueoao? aeaeaaethaaiiy /anoeie iaoa??aeo i?eionea a oi?io?io ia??ai?noue ((Hie), a?a?aoe?e a cii? ??caiiy, iia'ycaieo c iaiaeii??aei?noth iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo ((Ha), iayaiino? a ia?iaiiio iaoa??ae? nenoaie ii? ((Hi). Oiiaii i?eeiath/e, ui ii?e ?icoaoiaothoueny ieae/a ??aiy, a?aeiia?aeiiai aaee/ei? Rmax = Rz?+(Hie+(Ha, aeey ia??aiinoae ia ieaoi, aeoeia ia??aiinoae ia ia?iai?e iiaa?oi? iie?eooy aecia/a?oueny nenoaiith ??aiyiue (13) aea o – i?aeeiaoa i?io?eth iiaa?oi?; P(x), P'(x) – a?aeiia?aeii ooieoe?y ?aciiae?eo ?iia??iino? ? u?eueiino? ?iciiae?eo aaee/?ie (o); R'max – iaeneiaeueia aeoeia ia??aiinoae iiaa?oi? iie?eooy c ii?aie; b, ( - ia?aiao?e nooiaiaai? ai?ieneiaoe?? ii/aoeiai? ae?eyiee iii?ii? e?eai? i?io?eth. Aeey ioe?iee neeaaeiai? f(x) oyaeii anth noeoii?noue a?aee?eoeo ii? a ia?iaiiio iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? aea?aaeaioiith ii?ith i?inoi? oi?ie, iai?eeeaae, o aeaeyae? e?oaiaiai eiiono, iai?aaeaiiai aa?oeiith ona?aaeeio iaoa??aeo. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo (14) aea k – ii?eno?noue; D1 - ?ici?? /anoeiie, c yeeo oi?io?oueny iie?eooy. Aieea ieanoe/ieo yaeu ia?aae ia?aaeiueith iiaa?oiath ?ino?oiaioo ia i?ioean ooai?aiiy ia??aiinoae ia ia?iai?e iiaa?oi? aeine?aeaeoaaeinue ?c canoinoaaiiyi e?iiceiiee. Aiae?c e?iia?ai iieacaa, ui ca?eueoaiiy aeoeie i?e?iia??aiinoae ia ia?iai?e iiaa?oi? coiiaeaiee iaiiaiei aeeo/aiiyi a i?ioean? ??caiiy anueiai ianeao ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo, a?aeiia?aeath/iai i?io?eth ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo a ieai?. *anoeia iaoa??aeo, yea i?eeyaa? aei aeiiii?aeii? ??aeo/i? e?iiee, iao?ea? aeiiii?aeith caaeith iiaa?oith ?ino?oiaioo ? aeaeaaeth?oueny a aa?oeio ia??aiino?. Oaea ?oeioaaiiy iaoa??aeo c??ca?iiai i?eioneo iiynith?oueny ni?eueiith ae??th aieiaii? ? aeiiii?aeii? ??aeo/eo e?iiie ?ino?oiaioo, aecia/ath/ith iai?yiie noiaeo no?oaeee. Ioe?iea ?acoeueooth/iai iai?yieo noiaeo no?oaeee i?iaaaeeoueny oeyoii neeaaeaiiy aaeoi??a oaeaeeinoae iioie?a iaoaeo a?ae aeaio ??aeo/eo e?iiie. Aaee/eie oaeaeeinoae i?eeiathoueny i?yiii?iii?oe?eieie aeoeai?e aeiaaeei? eiaeii? ??aeo/i? e?iiee. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo oaeaee?noue ?ooo iioieo aeeo/a?iiai iaoa??aeo c aieo aieiaii? ??aeo/i? e?iiee ia?aaeuo? oaeaee?noue iioieo iaoa??aeo, aeaeaey?iiai c aieo aeiiii?aeii? ??aeo/i? e?iiee. Oiaoi, a aeaoi?io?iiio ia'?i? aeeo/a?ii? ae?eyiee iaoa??aeo ia?aae ia?aaeiueith iiaa?oiath ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo ia? i?noea ieanoe/iee cnoa. sse iieacaii a ?iaioao I. I. Oaa/aiea ? A. ?. E?iia?a, ?iciiae?e aeaoi?iiaaiiai iaoaeo ia c??co?io ? aeoeniaio /anoeie i?ioiaeeoue a oi/oe? iaae ia?aaeiueith iiaa?oi?th ??coey c aieo a?eueii? iiaa?oi? no?oaeee (I), a ye?e oi?iothoueny iaea?eueo? oi?eaeuei? iai?oae. ?iciianthaeaeo?oueny cnoa a iaoa??ae? aei aeiiii?aeii? ??aeo/i? e?iiee ?ino?oiaioo (iae. 5). Iioie iaoaeo, yeee ?ooa?oueny ia aeiiii?aeio ??aeo/o e?iieo, ii/eia? iao?eaoe ?? ? aeaeaaethaaoenue a oi?io?io ia??ai?noue, ca?eueoo? ?? aeoeio. Aaee/eia i?e?inoo aeoeie ia??aiinoae aecia/a?oueny oiiaaie aeaoi?ioaaiiy ? iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo ((a, () , (15) aea F? – ieiua iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co ia??aiino?, yea a?aeiia?aea? i?io?eth ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo; ( - onaaeea no?oaeee; ( - eoo noiaeo no?oaeee; (, (1 – eooe a ieai? ?ino?oiaioo a oi/oe?, a?aeiia?aei?e aaee/ei? Rz?. I?e??no aeoeie ia??aiinoae a?ae a?a?aoe?e a cii? ??caiiy (Ha aecia/a?oueny aiie?ooaeith eieeaaiue, iia'ycaieo c ia??aiii??iith oaa?ae?noth ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo: , (16) aea - (Po – ci?ia aaee/eie ii?iaeueii? neee ia caaei?e iiaa?oi? ?ino?oiaioo; (- i?eaaaeaia aei?noe?noue oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy. A iaeao? "Oi?o?ai" ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia aeey ?ic?aooieo ia IAII ia?aiao??a oi?noeino? iiaa?oi? Rmax, Rz, Rv, tm, tp, ( ? o. ae. Iaei??th c i?aeoe/ieo iiaeeeainoae oi?aae?iiy ?icaeyiaiei iaoai?ciii ooai?aiiy i?e?iia??aiinoae iiaa?oi? i?e ia?iaoe? cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo c aeioeeith ia?aaeiueith iiaa?oiath, iai?eeeaae, oeee?iae?e/iith aai eii?/iith, yea caaacia/o? a?aenooi?noue aai cieaeaiiy aoaeoo c?oeiaiiy iioie?a iaoaeo a?ae aeaio ??aeo/eo e?iiie ? i?i?i?caoe?th neeaaeiai? i?e?inoo aeoeie ia??aiinoae (Hie. Aea/aia iiaeeea?noue oaoiieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ia?aiao??a noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a eaciaith ia?iaeith, yea aeeth/a? iieacieee i?e?iaaiiao??? ia?iaii? iiaa?oi?, i?oaeiuei-aeaoi?iiaaiiai ? aia?aaoe/iiai noaio ? no?oeoo?e iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o, eiai o?i?/iee neeaae. Io?eiai? ?aa?an?ei? caeaaeiino?, ca'ycoth/? ia?aiao?e noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o iie?eoo?a c oiiaaie ia?iaee. Niaoeeo?/i? no?oeoo?a ? aeanoeaino? caoenieo iie?eoo?a coiiaeththoue iaiao?aei?noue ioe?iee iaae?eiino? caaacia/aiiy iio??aieo ia?aiao??a noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o. A?aoiaoth/e, ui noeoii?noue oeeo ia?aiao??a, ca iaoeie aeaieie, oa?aeoa??co?oueny (-?iciiae?eii, i?iaaaeaiee ?ic?aooiie ?iia??iino? ?o caaacia/aiiy (iae. 6), yea iieaco?, ui a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?ici??o aeiioneo ((i) ia ci?io i-ai ia?aiao?o noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o iie?eoo?a i?ney ia?iaee ?iia??i?noue eiai caaacia/aiiy ci?ith?oueny a oe?ieeo iaaeao. I?e ( =5 - 15% a?ae iii?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy ia?aiao?o aeey oa?aeoa?enoee oi?noeino? iiaa?oi? oea 0,4 - 0,9, aeey iieaciee?a o?ce/iiai noaio 0,6 – 1,0. Aeey ?ic?aooieo ?iia??iino? oaoiieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ia?aiao??a noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o a iaeao? "Oi?o?ai" ??c?iaeaia i?ia?aia aeey IAII. Ca?eueoaiiy aaee/eie e?eoa??th ioe?iee ia?iaiino? iie?eoo?a I' cieaeo? iiaeeea?noue ii caaacia/aiith noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o a i?ioean? iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee aeaoaeae c iie?eooyie. Nueiiee ?icae?e. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c? noaiith aeaeiiiiceoe?? aeo?aeii? caaea/? ia?iaee iie?eoo?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano ia?iaee aecia/a?oueny iiaeeeainoyie iai?aaeaii? ci?ie aeanoeainoae ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo, iaoa??aeo ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo, a oaeiae oi?aae?iiy caeiiii??iinoyie i?ioeano ??caiiy. Oaeee aieea iia'ycaiee c aeei?enoaiiyi eiia?iiaaieo oaoiieia?e, eiee ii?yae c i?ioeanii ??caiiy ai?iaaaeaeo?oueny aeiaeaoeiaee aia?aaoe/iee aieea, cie?aia, iaa??a c??co?iiai oa?o. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue oaiia?aoo?iiai iiey a oeee?iae?e/i?e aeaoae? i?e ia?iaoe? c iaa??aii, yea a?aoiao?, ui iaa??a i?iaaaeeoueny ii?iaeueii-?iciiae?eaiei aeaea?aeii, yeee ?ooa?oueny ii ni??ae?, oa aioo??oi?i aeaea?aeii, iia'ycaiei c ciiith ??caiiy. Ia ?? aac? ?ic?iaeaia i?ia?aia aeey ia/eneaiiy ia IAII ?iciiae?eo oaiia?aoo?e a caaei?e ieiuei? iiia?a/iiai ia?a??co aeaoae? a caaeaiee iiiaio /ano. I?iaaaeaiee eiiieaen aeine?aeaeaiue (a. n. 927440, 1625606, 1686549) aecia/ea aea? aaeoc? aeei?enoaiiy i?ioeano ia?iaee c iaa??aii: - oi/?iiy ??coeyie ?c eeai?eoo c iaa??aii aeoaith c neeith no?oio aei 40 - 50 A. Can?a ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny i?e iaiao?aeiino? oaeaeei? noaa?e?caoe?? iieaciee?a ?iaioe ni?yaeaiiy (eiao?oe??ioo oa?ooy, neee oa?ooy ? o.ae.) I?e oeueiio i?ioean i?e?iaee aeaoaeae i?ioiaeeoue nei??oa, i?ae i?ney ia?iaee aac iaa??ao, iaeiae, ?o i?e?iaiee ciin c?inoa? ia 25 - 30%; - oi/?iiy ??coeyie ?c eeai?eoo c iaa??aii aeoaith c neeith no?oio (50 - 80 A. I?ioean a?eueo i?iaeoeoeaiee, i?aeaeuo?oueny no?ee?noue ?ino?oiaioo, iaeiae, a iiaa?oiaaiio oa?? oi?io?oueny ?ici?oeiaia ciia aeeaeiith 0,2 - 0,6 ii. Oaoiieia?y ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny ye iiia?aaeiy c ianooiiei aeeo/aiiyi aeaoaeoiiai oa?o ia aeiaeaoeia?e iia?aoe??. Aeei?enoaiiy aaciaeo ? ??aeeeo ianeyieo IION i?e oi/?ii? caoenieo iie?eoo?a i?aeaeuo? no?ee?noue ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo ?c IIOI a 1,6 - 2 ?ace. Aeanoeaino? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo oe?eaiai?aaeaii ci?iththoueny niaoe?aeueiith oa?i?/iith ? o?i?ei-oa?i?/iith ia?iaeith iie?e?enoae?a ia iniia? EIA. Oaea ia?iaea, yea i?iaaaeeeanue a oiiaao caaacia/oth/eo ooai?aiiy iiaeo oac (a. n. 1541980), oaeeo, ui iathoue i?aeaeuai? iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino? ? i?i?i?cothoue ooai?aiiy ai?iiai aia?ae?eaeo ye ia iiaa?oi?, oae ? ana?aaeai? ia'?io iaoa??aeo, i?aeaeuo? ciinino?ee?noue ?ino?oiaioo i?e ia?iaoe? iaieaaeaieo iie?eoo?a ia?oaineoiiai eeano ia 25 - 30% (oaae. 4). Oaaeeoey 4. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ieanoei c eeai?eoo. Noai ieanoeie Iaaea i?oeiino? ia ?icoya i?e ae?aiao?aeueiiio noeneo, IIa Ciin ?ino?oiaioo ii caaei?e iiaa?oi? hc, ii Aeo?aeia Oa?iiia?iaeaia 2460 ( 520 4250 ( 264 0,16 ( 0,012 0,12 ( 0,005 ?ino?oiaioaeuei? iaoa??aee iniaeeai aoaeoeai? a ??aeo/iio ?ino?oiaio?, i?e oeueiio iaeii/anii caaeiaieueiythoue ianooiiei i?eioeeiai: - ??aaiue o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo iiaeiai caaacia/oaaoe aeinoaoi? i?oei?noue ? ciinino?ee?noue a oiiaao iaaaioaaeaiue ? oaiia?aoo? ??caiiy; - a iaoa??ae? iiaeii? aooe i?i?i?ciaai? iai?oae, ye? oi?iothoueny a i?ioean? eiai io?eiaiiy; - no?oeoo?a eiiiiceoo iiaeiia caaacia/oaaoe ?aae?caoe?th i?eioeeio Oa?i?; - iiaeii? aooe i?i?i?ciaai? aoaeoe o?i?/ii? aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo c ia?iaiei ? aeaiaioaie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua a oiiaao oa?iio?eaiaeoeaaoe?? eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiiue ?ino?oiaioo, oa?aeoa?ii? aeey i?ioeano ??caiiy. A?aei?/ai? i?eioeeie eiino?othaaiiy eiiiiceoe?eieo ?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a ?aaeeciaai? a iia?e ea?ai?oe? (oiiaia iacaa A6) ia iniia? eoa?/iiai i?o?eaeo ai?o (EIA). Eiiieaen o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae iiaiai iaoa??aeo a?aeiia?aea? iaaaaeaiei aeua cia/aiiyi. Iaeaeaa eiiiiiaioe ea?ai?ee oyaeythoue niaith EIA - oaco, a ?o ooieoe?iiaeueia ?ieue aecia/a?oueny ?ica?aeiinoyie no?oeoo?iiai noaio. Ia iae. 7 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe i?enei?aieo no?ee?nieo aei?iaoaaiue ?ino?oiaioo c eiiiiceoo A6 i?e oi/?ii? ieaciaii iaieaaeaiiai ii?ioeiaiai iie?eooy IA-N?4, ye? i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue eiai aenieo aoaeoeai?noue. Ia?iaeo iie?eoo?a ??caiiyi iaiao?aeii aanoe oaeei /eiii, uia c ae?iao aeeo/aeeny iaea?eueo aeaoaeoi? oa?e iie?eooy, a aei ia?iaii? iiaa?oi? i?eeyaaee iaea?eueo oaa?ae?, i?oei? ? iaeii??aei? ae?eyiee iaoa??aeo. Ne?aenoaii oeueiai ? i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? ?ino?oiaioo, yea aecia/a?oueny cieaeaiiyi aeeiai?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue ia ??aeo/a eaci, io?eiaiiyi iaiueoi? oi?noeino? ia?iaii? iiaa?oi? ? c?inoaiiyi aenieoaoaoe?eieo oa?aeoa?enoee ae?ia?a c iie?eooyie. A?aoiaoth/e, ui iaianaiiy caoenieo iie?eoo?a ia aeaoae? i?aeoeeo?oueny c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ?o aeiaaia?/iino? a aenieoaoaoe??, i?e iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano ia?iaee iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe noaae?? eiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa aenieoaoaoe??. A oeueiio aeiaaeeo e??oa??yie iioei?caoe?? ? i?i?iaeueia nia?aa?o?noue ia?iaee ? iaeneiaeueia i?aoeacaeaoi?noue a aenieoaoaoe??. Ainueiee ?icae?e. C o?aooaaiiyi e?eoa??th ioe?iee ia?iaiino? iie?eoo?a ??caiiyi I’ ?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi i?ecia/aiiy ?aaeei?a ??caiiy ? aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo aeey ia?iaee iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo caoenieo iie?eoo?a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ? ?ic?iaee ai?iaaaeaeai? ia 23 i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie, ?in??, Iieaeiae, Ocaaeenoaio, Eacaonoaio, ye? aeioneathoue ? a?aeiiaeththoue aeaoae? iaooii?iieneiaiai, iaoaeo?a?eiiai ? a??ie/i-aeaeiaoaiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, aeaoaeae aaoio?aeoi?ii? oaoi?ee. Oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaee cana?ae/eei, ui a ii??aiyii? c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?ino?oiaioo c oaa?aeeo nieaa?a i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia?iaee aeaoaeae iaoei ?c caoenieie iie?eooyie ca?eueoeeanue a 1,3 - 6 ?ac?a c iaeii/aniei i?aeaeuaiiyi no?eeino? ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo a 2 - 10 ?ac?a. I?e oeueiio c'yaeeanue iiaeeea?noue i?iaaaeeoe eaciao ia?iaeo aeaoaeae c iie?eooyie, ye? ?ai?o ia?iaeyeenue eeoa oe?ooaaiiyi aai ia ia?iaeyeenue cian?i. A ii??aiyii? c i?ioeanaie aeiacii-aa?aceaiiai oe?ooaaiiy i?iaeoeoeai?noue eaciai? ia?iaee ca?eueoo?oueny a 2 - 4 ?ace. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue eyaee a iniiao EOI "Oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane ia?iaee iie?eoo?a iaieeaieo aacioa?i?/ieie iaoiaeaie. Oeiiaee oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean EOI ?AC-8-90" oa aeei?enoiaothoueny a o/aiaiio i?ioean? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? nooaeaio?a AOC?a. INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE ? AENIIAEE A ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ae??oaia aaaeeeaa iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia i?iaeaia, ui ia? aaeeea ia?iaeii-ainiiaea?nueea cia/aiiy ? iieyaa? a ea?oaaii? iaoai?ciaie iaoai?/ii? ? o?ceei-o?i?/ii? aca?iiae?? a nenoai? ?ino?oiaio – aeaoaeue, yea aeicaiey? nooo?ai i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano eaciai? ia?iaee aaoa?iaaiieo iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a aeniei? oaa?aeino? ? aea? iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaoe eaciao ia?iaeo aeayeeo iaoa??ae?a oaeiai eeano, uiaei yeeo aiia aei oeueiai /ano aoea iaiiaeeeaith. 1. Caaaeueiee i?aeo?ae ?aae?ciaaiee ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy oya i?i i?ioean eaciai? ia?iaee caoenieo iie?eoo?a ye i?i neeaaeio oaoi?/io nenoaio, ia'?eoaie ieaeiueiai ??aiy aeaeiiiiceoe?? yei? ? aeaiaioe, aecia/ath/? aca?iiae?th ?ino?oiaioo c aeaoaeeth ? ?aaeeie ??caiiy, ? aeinoaoiino? ?? iieno oiiaiith nenoaiith, yea aeeth/a? ?i?oaoe?ei? iiaeae? (nenoaia aeiaaeeiaiai caoaeaeaiiy i?e ia?iaoe? iie?eoo?a, iiaeaeue ciiooaaiiy ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo, iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy i?e?iia??aiinoae ia ia?iai?e iiaa?oi?) ? iaoo?aeuei? iiaeae? oi?ioaaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeano. 2. Nenoaia aeiaaeeiaiai caoaeaeaiiy i?e ia?iaoe? aaoa?iaaieo iie?eoo?a eaciaei ?ino?oiaioii oi?io?oueny ca ?aooiie iayaiino? a iaoa??aeao iie?eoo?a ianoaa?eueiino? iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae (ia?oee ??aaiue), ia??aiiai i?io?eth iiaa?oi? iie?eooy (ae?oaee ??aaiue) ? aeiaaeeiaeo aaee/ei ia?aiao??a i?eaaaeaii? aei?noeino? (i?aeaeaoeeaino?) oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, i?eno?i?a, ae?iao ? ?ino?oiaioo (o?ao?e ??aaiue). Ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoaie aeiaaeeiaiai caoaeaeaiiy a i?ioean? ia?iaee ??caiiyi caoenieo iie?eoo?a ioe?ith?oueny noiith aaee/ei ?ioi?iaoe?eieo aio?ii?e iniiaieo iieaciee?a i?aenenoai: - aio?ii?? noeoiiino? iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae iie?eooy, aio?ii?? noeoiiino? i?aeeiao i?ioeeth iiaa?oi? iie?eooy ? aio?ii?? aaee/ei i?eaaaeaii? aei?noeino? iaeaaeiaiiy. 3. Cai?iiiiiaaiee ? aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaiee e?eoa??e ioe?iee ia?iaiino? iie?eoo?a ??caiiyi, yeee a?aoiao? aaniethoi? aaee/eie ? aio?ii?? ia?aiao??a nenoaie aeiaaeeiaiai caoaeaeaiiy, ca?eueoaiiy yeiai coiiaeth? cieaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano eaciai? ia?iaee, yea aeyaey?oueny a ?ioaineo?eaoe?? ciiooaaiiy ?ino?oiaioo ? iia??oaii? yeino? ia?iaii? iiaa?oi?. 4. ?ice?eoe iniaeeaino? iaoai?ee eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioo c iaoa??aeii iie?eoo?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oi/?iiy iaieaaeaiiai ? iaieeaiiai iaoa??ae?a i?e iioeiaeueieo oaeaeeinoyo ??caiiy oa?aeoa?eco?oueny eiao?oe??ioii oa?ooy ia ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi? ?ino?oiaioo, yeee a?aeiia?aea? oiiaai ??aeeiai oa?ooy ((i=0,02), a?aeiia?aeii, a 2 ? 3 ?ace iaiueoith oi?eaeueiith iai?oaith a ieiuei? cnoao ? a 1,5 ? 2,25 ?ac?a a?eueoei ii?iaeueiei oeneii ia caaei?e iiaa?oi? ?ino?oiaioo a ii??aiyii? c aecia/aieie, aeoiaey/e c iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, aeey aiiiaaieo eiino?oeoe?eieo noaeae. Iecueea aaee/eia eiao?oe??ioo oa?ooy ia ia?aaei?e iiaa?oi? ?ino?oiaioo aecia/a?oueny iayai?noth ia eiai eiioaeoieo ae?eyieao ??aeei? oace, yea ? i?iaeoeoii aca?iiae?? i?ae neeaaeiaeie ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ? ia?iaiiai iaoa??ae?a, a oaeiae c aeaiaioaie aeiae?eey. 5. Iaoai?ci ciiooaaiiy ?ino?oiaioo, iniauaiiai iie?e?enoaeaie EIA, i?e ia?iaoe? iie?eoo?a ia iniia? Fe ? Ni aecia/a?oueny o?i?/iith aca?iiae??th aeaiaio?a ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo c ia?iaiei ? eeniai iia?o?y, ieaaeaiiyi c'?aeiaiue oeio Ia-IaoA ? aeiinii i?iaeoeo?a aca?iiae?? c eiioaeoieo ae?eyiie ?ino?oiaioo. I?e iecuee?e oaeaeeino? ??caiiy (0,5 - 1,8 i/n) ?ioaineai?noue ciiooaaiiy ?ino?oiaioo caeaaeeoue a?ae ?ioaineaiino? ooai?aiiy ia eiioaeoieo iiaa?oiyo aaoaeoe/ieo niieoe c aeaiaioaie ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo, a c i?aeaeuaiiyi oaeaeeino? ??caiiy (2 - 3 i/n) - ? a?ae ?ioaineaiino? ieeneaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo. Aaaaeaiiy a neeaae iie?e?enoaeo aai oaoiieia?/iiai na?aaeiaeua ?a/iaei, ye? ? ?ia?a?oi?aie ?aaeoe?e aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo c ia?iaiei ? aeaiaioaie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua aai cnoaath/eo i?io?e oeeo ?aaeoe?e a a?eueo aenieioaiia?aoo?io ae?eyieo, caaacia/o? ca?eueoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia?iaee ae?ia?a ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy oaeaeeino? ??caiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy no?eeino? ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo. 6. ?ic?iaeaia i?ea?iaeueia iaoiaeeea aeai?o ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo, iniiaaia ia aiae?c? ?acoeueoao?a aeaoi?iaoe?eii-niaeo?aeueiiai aiae?co eiai iiaa?oiaaeo oa??a ? a?aeai?? iaoa??ae?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaea?eueoei cia/aiiyi iaoaiaoe/iiai /aeaiiy neee eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ? iaeiaiueoith aaee/eiith ?? aeenia?n??, ? i?i?iaeueii iaiao?aeiith e?euee?noth aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue c ia?iaee ??caiiyi, ui aeicaiey? ioe?ithaaoe i?aoeacaeaoi?noue ?ino?oiaioo i?e i?i?iaeueieo aeo?aoao /ano ? ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo. Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue c iaoai?ee ? o?ceei-o?i?? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioo c ia?iaiei iie?eooyi, oaeoe/ieo aeaieo c i?aoeacaeaoiino? ?ino?oiaio?a, iniauaieo ??cieie iaoa??aeaie, ?ic?iaeaiee eiiieaen aeiia, yeiio iiaeii? a?aeiia?aeaoe iaoa??aee ?ino?oiaio?a aeey ia?iaee iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a. 7. ?ic?iaeaia eiioeaioe?y oi?ioaaiiy ia??aiinoae i?io?eth iiaa?oi?, yea a?aoiao? e?iaiaoeei-aaiiao?e/i? caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano ??caiiy, aieea ieanoe/ieo yaeu ia?aae ia?aaeiueith iiaa?oi?noth ?ino?oiaioo, iayai?noue a ia?iaiiio iaoa??ae? aeaoaeo?a oeio ii?, ianoaa?euei?noue aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo iie?eoo?a ? ia?aiao??a aeo?aeiiai i?io?eth ae?ia?a c iie?eooyie, yea aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe aieea oiia ia?iaee ia ia?aiao?e oi?noeino? ia?iaii? iiaa?oi?. 8. Aea/ai aieea oiia ia?iaee ia ia?aiao?e noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o, ye? ioiieththoue oa?aeoa?enoeee i?e?iaaiiao??? ia?iaii? iiaa?oi?, iai?oaeaiiai ? aia?aaoe/iiai noaio, iieacieee i?oeiino? iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o iie?eooy, eiai no?oeoo?o ? iieacaii, ui a ?acoeueoao? ia?iaee oi/?iiyi ia?aiao?e oi?noeino? iiaa?oi? caaacia/othoueny c ?iia??i?noth 0,4 - 0,9, a ia?aiao?e o?ce/iiai noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o – c ?iia??i?noth 0,6 - 1,0. 9. Iaa?oioiaai? oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano ia?iaee caoenieo iie?eoo?a ? i?aoeacaeaoiino? ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo, ye? aacothoueny ia oi?aae?ii? aeanoeainoyie ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ? ia?iaiiai iaoa??ae?a, a oaeiae oi?aae?ii? caeiiii??iinoyie i?ioeano ??caiiy. Aei ieo a?aeiinyoueny: - oi?aae?iiy eiioaeoiith aca?iiae??th a cii? ??caiiy ca ?aooiie canoinoaaiiy CION, ye ??aeeeo, oae ? aaciiiae?aieo, ye? aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe no?ee?noue ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo aei 1,5 - 2 ?ac?a; - cieaeaiiy iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo ca ?aooiie ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiia?aaeiueiai iaa??ao c??co?iiai oa?o ieaciaiith aeoaith, ui caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia?iaee; - cieaeaiiy aeeiai?/iino? i?ioeano ia?iaee ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? cae??ieaiiy ??aeo/iai aeaiaioo a ?ino?oiaio? ? aeei?enoaiiy a eiino?oeoe?? ?ino?oiaioo niaoe?aeueieo aeaiiooth/eo iaoa??ae?a; - a?aooaaiiy no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae aaoa?iaaieo iaoa??ae?a iie?eoo?a, ye? iathoue ae?eyiee c a?eueo noaa?eueieie aeanoeainoyie; - oi?aae?iiy aeanoeainoyie ?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoa??ae?a, iai?aaeaiei oi?ioaaiiyi a ieo oac c i?aeaeuaieie iaoai?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ui caaacia/o? ca?eueoaiiy i?oeiino? iaoa??aeo a 1,7 ?ac?a ? cieaeaiiy ciino ?ino?oiaioo ia 25 - 30%; - noai?aiiy iiaeo ?ino?oiaioaeueieo eiiiiceo?a, oaciaee neeaae yeeo caaacia/o? ii?yae c aenieeie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie i?i?i?caoe?th o?i?/ii? aca?iiae?? c aeaiaioaie ia?iaiiai iaoa??aeo ? iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua. 10. Aeeiiai? oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ia ??ai? aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa N?N?, iaoaio?a Oe?a?ie ? ?in?? ?ic?iaeoe niiniae aeai?o oaeaeeino? ? aeeaeie ??caiiy caoenieo iie?eoo?a, ye? iniiaai? ia a?aooaaii? ?o no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae ? aeanoeainoae, niiniae ioe?iee iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ? aea/aiiy ciiooaaiiy iaoa??ae?a, aaio eiino?oeoe?e ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo aeey ia?iaee aeaoaeae c iie?eooyie ? i?eno?i?a (20 ?ic?iaie). 11. Eaai?aoi?ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie ? oe?ieei ae?iaie/ei aeei?enoaiiyi (?ic?iaea ai?iaaaeaeaia ia 23 i?iieneiaeo i?aei?e?inoaao Oe?a?ie, ?in??, Iieaeiae, Ocaae?noaio, Eacaonoaio) iieacaii, ui a ii??aiyii? c ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?ino?oiaioo c oaa?aeeo nieaa?a i?iaeoeoeai?noue ia?iaee aeaoaeae iaoei ?c caoenieie iie?eooyie ca?eueoeeanue a 1,3 - 6 ?ac?a n iaeii/aniei i?aeaeuaiiyi no?eeino? ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo a 2 - 10 ?ac?a. A ii??aiyii? c i?ioeanaie aeiacii-aa?aceaiiai oe?ooaaiiy i?iaeoeoeai?noue eaciai? ia?iaee ca?eueoo?oueny a 2 - 4 ?ace. I?e oeueiio c'yaeeany iiaeeea?noue i?iaaaeeoe eaciao ia?iaeo aeaoaeae c iie?eooyie, ye? ?ai?o ia?iaeyeenue eeoa oe?ooaaiiyi aai ia ia?iaeyeenue cian?i. ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee aeei?enoiaothoueny a o/aiaiio i?ioean? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? nooaeaio?a AOC?a. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iaae?oeiaai? a ianooiieo ?iaioao: 1. Eacaeeiue eino?oiaio ec naa?ooaa?aeuo iaoa?eaeia: Ni?aa. // Iiae ?aae. I. A. Iiaeeiaa.- Eeaa: Oaoi?ea, 1988.- 118 n. 2. ?uaeia Y. A., Eeeiaiei N. A., Aooeaeaiei I. A. Oaoiieiae/aneia iaania/aiea ea/anoaa aeaoaeae n iie?uoeyie.- Eeaa: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1994.- 181n. Klimenko S. A., Mukovoz Yu. A., Polonsky L. G. Chapter 1. Cutting Tools of Superhard Materials // Advanced Ceramics Tool for Machining Application-2 / Edit by I. M. Low and X. S. Li.- Switzerland: Trans Tech Publications, 1996.- 1- 66 p. 4. Oi/aiea eciininoieeeo caueoiuo iie?uoee / N. A. Eeeiaiei, TH. A. Ioeiaic, E. A. Iieiineee, I. I. Iaeueie/oe,- Eeaa: Oaoi?ea, 1997.- 146 n. 5. Eeeiaiei N. A., Ioeiaic TH. A. Iaoaie/aneay ia?aaioea eciininoieeeo caueoiuo iie?uoee.- Eeaa: Ia-ai "Ciaiea" ONN?, 1990.- 29 n. 6. Iieiineee E. A., Ioeiaic TH. A., Eeeiaiei N. A. Aaciieaiaiiua ii?ioeiaua iie?uoey e eo iaoaie/aneay ia?aaioea.- Eeaa: Ia-ai "Ciaiea" Oe?aeiu, 1993.- 21 n. 7. Eeeiaiei N. A., Ioeiaic TH. A., Iieiineee E. A. ?aaeouee eino?oiaio ec INOI ia iniiaa ieo?eaea ai?a.- Ee?a: Oia."3iaiiy" Oe?a?ie, 1994.- 36 n. 8. Aooeaeaiei I. A., Eeeiaiei N. A. Ia?aaioea aeaoaeae n iie?uoeai eino?oiaioii ec naa?ooaa?aeuo iaoa?eaeia // Naa?ooaa?aeua iaoa?eaeu a onei?aiee oaoie/aneiai i?ia?anna: Na. iao/. o?. - Eeaa: ENI AI ONN?, 1987.- N. 72-78. 9. Aeaoi?iaoeeiiii-niaeo?aeueiay ioeaiea yenieoaoaoeeiiiuo naienoa iieee?enoaeeia ia iniiaa EIA / A. A. Caii?iaeaoe, Y. A. ?uaeia, C. A. Eeeiaiei, A. A. Aa?thoii, TH. A. Ioeiaic // I?iaeaiu o?aiey e eciaoeaaiey: Na. iao/. o?.- Eeaa: Oaoi?ea, 1988.- aui.33.- N. 37-42. 10. E aii?ino ia eciina eino?oiaioa ec eoae/aneiai ieo?eaea ai?a / N. A. Eeeiaiei, TH. A. Ioeiaic, A. A. 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Oi?ie?iaaiea iee?iia?iaiinoae iiaa?oiinoe i?e ia?aaioea iie?uoee eacaeeiui eino?oiaioii // Nia?aiaiiua i?ioeannu iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioee e ea/anoai iiaa?oiinoe aeaoaeae iaoei: Na. iao/. o?.- Eeaa: ENI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998.- N. 26-33. 53. Klimenko S.A. Peculiarities of cutting heterogeneous materials of protective coatings // 27th Conference on Production Engineering of Yugoslavia with Foreign Participants, 23-25th Sept. 1998, Nis-Niska Banja: Proceedings.- Yugoslavia, 1998.- P.139-148. Aiioaoe?y Eeeiaiei N.A. Iniiae eaciai? ia?iaee ciinino?eeeo caoenieo iie?eoo?a: Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaith aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca oaoii 05.03.01 "I?ioeane iaoai?/ii? ia?iaee, aa?noaoe oa ?ino?oiaioe".- ?inoeooo iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a ?i. A. I. Aaeoey IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. ?ic?iaeai? iniiae eaciai? ia?iaee ciinino?eeeo caoenieo iie?eoo?a, ye? aeeth/athoue: iniaeeaino? iaoai?ee eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioo c iaoa??aeii iie?eooy i?e ia?iaoe? ??caiiyi; neeia? caeiiii??iino? eaciai? ia?iaee aaoa?iaaieo iaoa??ae?a iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo iie?eoo?a ?ino?oiaioii, iniauaiei iie?e?enoae?/ieie iaaeoaa?aeeie eiiiiceoaie ia iniia? eoa?/iiai i?o?eaeo ai?o; iniaeeaino? o?ceei-o?i?/ii? eiioaeoii? aca?iiae?? ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo c ia?iaiei c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ?ioaa?aeueii coiiaethth/? iaoai?ci ciiooaaiiy ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo; iaoiaeieia?? aeai?o ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo ? oiia ia?iaee iie?eoo?a; i?iaiicoaaiiy ? ioe?ieo ?iia??iino? oaoiieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy iieaciee?a noaio iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o iie?eoo?a i?ney ia?iaee; oeyoe oi?aae?iiy i?aoeacaeaoi?noth ??aeo/iai ?ino?oiaioo i?e ia?iaoe? iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo caoenieo iie?eoo?a. ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c aeai?o ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa??aeo ? oiia ??caiiy, eiino?oeoe?? ?ino?oiaio?a aeey aoaeoeaii? ia?iaee iaieaaeaieo ? iaieeaieo caoenieo iie?eoo?a oaa?ae?noth HRCa 40 - 65 eaciaei ?ino?oiaioii. Eeth/aa? neiaa: nenoaia, iaieaaea, iaieeaiiy, eaciaa ia?iaea, oaoiieia?y, oi/?iiy, ??caoeue, noai iiaa?oiaaiai oa?o. Aiiioaoeey Eeeiaiei N.A. Iniiau eacaeeiie ia?aaioee eciininoieeeo caueoiuo iie?uoee: Aaoi?aoa?ao aeenna?oaoeee ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.03.01 "I?ioeannu iaoaie/aneie ia?aaioee, noaiee e eino?oiaiou". - Einoeooo naa?ooaa?aeuo iaoa?eaeia ei. A. I. Aaeoey IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Oeaeue ?aaiou - iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe eacaeeiie ia?aaioee e iaania/aiea o?aaoaiiai ninoiyiey iiaa?oiinoiiai neiy aeaoaeae iaoei n iaieaaeaiiuie e iaiueaiiuie caueoiuie iie?uoeyie aunieie oaa?aeinoe ia iniiaa ?ac?aaioee nenoaiiuo i?aaenoaaeaiee i i?ioeanna n o/aoii iniaaiiinoae no?oeoo?u e naienoa aaoa?iaaiiuo iaoa?eaeia iie?uoee e i?eiaiaiey ?aaeouaai eino?oiaioa ec iieee?enoaeee/aneeo naa?ooaa?aeuo iaoa?eaeia. Iauee iiaeoiae ?aaeeciaai ia iniiaa eniieueciaaiey i?aaenoaaeaiee i i?ioeanna eacaeeiie ia?aaioee caueoiuo iie?uoee eae i neiaeiie oaoie/aneie nenoaia, iauaeoaie ieaeiaai o?iaiy aeaeiiiiceoeee eioi?ie yaeythony yeaiaiou, ii?aaeaeythuea acaeiiaeaenoaea eino?oiaioa n aeaoaeueth e ?aaeeiu ?acaiey, e aeinoaoi/iinoe aa iienaiey oneiaiie nenoaiie, aeeth/athuae eieoaoeeiiiua iiaeaee (nenoaia neo/aeiiai aicaoaeaeaiey i?e ia?aaioea iie?uoee, iiaeaeue eciaoeaaiey ?aaeouaai eino?oiaioa, iiaeaeue oi?ie?iaaiey iee?iia?iaiinoae ia ia?aaioaiiie iiaa?oiinoe) e iaoo?aeueiua iiaeaee oi?ie?iaaiey oaoiieiae/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ioeanna. Nenoaia neo/aeiiai aicaoaeaeaiey i?e ia?aaioea aaoa?iaaiiuo iie?uoee eacaeeiui eino?oiaioii oi?ie?oaony ca n/ao iaee/ey o iaoa?eaeia iie?uoee ianoaaeeueiinoe iaoaie/aneeo naienoa (ia?aue o?iaaiue), ia?iaiiai i?ioeey iiaa?oiinoe iie?uoey (aoi?ie o?iaaiue) e neo/aeiuo aaee/ei ia?aiao?ia i?eaaaeaiiie aeanoeinoe oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey, i?eniiniaeaiee, ecaeaeey e eino?oiaioa (o?aoee o?iaaiue). I?aaeeiaeai e?eoa?ee ia?aaaouaaaiinoe iaieaaeaiiuo e iaiueaiiuo iaoa?eaeia I', ioeaieaaaiue noiiie aaee/ei eioi?iaoeeiiiuo yio?iiee niaieoiiinoe iaoaie/aneeo naienoa iie?uoey, niaieoiiinoe i?aeeiao i?ioeey iiaa?oiinoe iie?uoey e niaieoiiinoe aaee/ei aeanoeinoe iai?oaeiaaiey, i?eniiniaeaiee, aeaoaee, eino?oiaioa. ?ac?aaioaiu i?aaenoaaeaiey i iaoaiecia eciaoeaaiey ?aaeouaai eino?oiaioa ca n/ao ia?aciaaiey, ieaaeaiey e oaeaeaiey ec ciiu eiioaeoa eino?oiaioa ni no?oaeeie e aeaoaeueth i?iaeoeoia oeie/aneiai acaeiiaeaenoaey eino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa?eaea (ia iniiaa EIA) n ia?aaaouaaaiui (ia iniiaa Fe e Ni) e yeaiaioaie ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu. ?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee iicaieytho oi?aaeyoue i?ioeannii eciaoeaaiey ?aaeouaai eino?oiaioa. I?aaeeiaeaia eiioeaioeey oi?ie?iaaiey oa?ioiaaoinoe iiaa?oiinoe i?e oi/aiee aaoa?iaaiiuo iaoa?eaeia iie?uoee, iniiaaiiay ia o/aoa aeeyiey eeiaiaoeei-aaiiao?e/aneeo oneiaee i?ioeanna ia?aaioee, ieanoe/aneeo yaeaiee a ciia ?acaiey, iaee/ey aeaoaeoia (oeia ii?) a ia?aaaouaaaiii iaoa?eaea, o?iaiy aeanoeinoe oaoiieiae/aneie nenoaiu. ?anniio?aii aeeyiea e?eoa?ey ia?aaaouaaaiinoe I' ia ?aaioiniiniaiinoue eino?oiaioa e aiciiaeiinoue oi?aaeaiey ea/anoaii ia?aaioaiiie iiaa?oiinoe iie?uoee. Iainiiaaiu iooe iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe i?ioeannia eacaeeiie ia?aaioee iaieaaeaiiuo e iaiueaiiuo caueoiuo iie?uoee ca n/ao oi?aaeaiey caeiiiia?iinoyie i?ioeanna ?acaiey e naienoaaie eino?oiaioaeueiiai e ia?aaaouaaaiiai iaoa?eaeia. ?ac?aaioaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii auai?o eino?oiaioaeueiiai iaoa?eaea e oneiaee ?acaiey aeey yooaeoeaiie ia?aaioee iaieaaeaiiuo e iaiueaiiuo caueoiuo iie?uoee oaa?aeinoueth HRCy 40 - 65 eacaeeiui eino?oiaioii. Eniieuecoy iaoiaeieiae/aneee iiaeoiae, i?aaeeiaeaiiue aaoi?ii, i?aaenoaaeyaony aiciiaeiui ia iniiaa i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie eioi?iaoeee aua?aoue iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiue iaoa?eae aeey iniauaiey ?aaeouaai eino?oiaioa, aua?aoue aaiiao?e/aneea ia?aiao?u eino?oiaioa e ?aaeeiu ia?aaioee iaieaaeaiiuo e iaiueaiiuo caueoiuo iie?uoee, ioeaieoue aiciiaeiinoe ii iaania/aieth o?aaoaiuo ia?aiao?ia ninoiyiey iiaa?oiinoiiai neiy iie?uoee, iaania/eoue iiauoaiea ?aaioiniiniaiinoe ecaeaeey n iie?uoeai. I?e yoii iiyaeeanue aiciiaeiinoue i?iecaiaeeoue eacaeeioth ia?aaioeo aeaoaeae n iie?uoeyie, eioi?ua ?aiaa ia?aaaouaaeenue oieueei oeeoiaaieai eee ia ia?aaaouaaeenue aiiaua. A n?aaiaiee n i?eiaiaieai eino?oiaioa ec oaa?aeuo nieaaia i?iecaiaeeoaeueiinoue ia?aaioee oaaee/eaaaony a 1,3 - 6 ?ac n iaeiia?aiaiiui iiauoaieai noieeinoe ?aaeouaai eino?oiaioa a 2 - 10 ?ac. ?acoeueoaou oai?aoe/aneeo e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee iauaaeeiaiu a nenoaio, i?aaenoaaeythuoth niaie ?aoaiea e?oiiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie i?iaeaiu eacaeeiie ia?aaioee ecaeaeee n iaieaaeaiiuie e iaiueaiiuie eciininoieeeie caueoiuie iie?uoeyie. ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee aiaae?aiu ia 23 i?iiuoeaiiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo, auioneathueo e ainnoaiaaeeaathueo aeaoaee iaooai?iiuneiaiai, iaoaeeo?ae/aneiai e ai?ii-aeiauaathuaai iai?oaeiaaiey, aeaoaeae aaoio?aeoi?iie oaoieee. ?ac?aaioea aioea a ?OI "Oaoiieiae/aneea i?ioeannu ia?aaioee iie?uoee iaiueaiiuo aacioa?ie/aneeie iaoiaeaie. Oeiiaie oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann ?OI EYN-9-90". Eeth/aaua neiaa: nenoaia, iaieaaea, iaiueaiea, eacaeeiay ia?aaioea, oaoiieiaey, oi/aiea, ?acaoe, ninoiyiea iiaa?oiinoiiai neiy. Abstract S.A. Klimenko. Principles of Cutting Wear-Resistant Protective Coatings. Thesis for a Doctor of Science (Engineering) degree in the 05.03.01 Speciality - "Processes of Mechanical Machining, Machine Tools and Tools".- V. Bakul Institute for Superhard Materials of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. The principles have been developed of cutting wear-resistant protective coatings, that include peculiarities of the mechanics of contact interaction between the tool and coating material; regularities of force variations in cutting heterogeneous materials of faced and sprayed coatings with tools of cubic boron nitride-base polycrystalline superhard composites; peculiarities of physicochemical contact interaction between the tool and workpiece materials (with allowances made for environmental effect) that define the mechanism of the tool wear; methodology of choosing the tool material and cutting conditions; prediction and evaluation of the probability of the coating surface layer quality ensurance in processing; ways of controlling the tool performance in cutting faced and sprayed protective coatings. Recommendations are worked out on choosing the tool material and design as well as on the conditions of efficient cutting faced and sprayed protective coatings having a hardness 40 - 65 HRC. Keywords: System, Facing, Spraying, Cutting, Technology, Turning, Cutting tool, State of the surface layer. I?aei. aei ae?oeo 10. 01. 99. Oi?iao 60o90/16. Iai?? iono. ?1. Ae?oe iono. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 2,0. Oi.o.-a?aea. 2,0. Iae.-aeae. a?e. 1,8. Oe?aae 100 ?ec. Cai. 1. Aacieaoii. ?inoeooo iaaeoaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a IAI Oe?a?ie. 254074, i. Ee?a, aoe. Aaoicaaiaenueea, 2 ?ioai?eio ?II IAI Oe?a?ie Iae. 5. Noaia aeeo/aiiy i?eioneo: 1. ??caoeue; 2. i?eione; 3. no?oaeea; 4. /anoeia i?eioneo, ui aeaeaaeth?oueny; 5. ?ic?aooieiaa ia??ai?noue; 6. aeoeniaia /anoeia ia?iai?no?.

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