PAGE 16

EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AOAe?AIEOeOAA ? A?O?OAEOO?E

Noaoaanueeee Noai?neaa Oae?noi?iae/

OAeE 69.003:688.5:012.2

I?AAI?CAOe?ss I?NUeEIAI AOAe?AIEOeOAA

A ?EIEIAEO OIIAAO

(ia i?eeeaae? aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa a i. Ee?a?)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.01 – Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa oa i?aai?caoe?y

ae?iaieoeoaa (oaoi?/i? iaoee)

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy aoae?aieoeoaii
Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e
(EIOAA)

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ooaoeueeee Na?a?e
Aiae??eiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy
aoae?aieoeoaii Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ?
a?o?oaeoo?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aooo?a Na?a?e Aeieo?iae/ caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?ith aaoiiaoecaoe?? aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa Ee?anueeee
iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa oa a?o?oaeoo?e;

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, Aaee/ei A?eoi? Ieaenaiae?iae/, aaia?aeueiee
aee?aeoi? OIA “CAIAO”, i. Ee?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — I?eaei?i?ianueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y aoae?aieoeoaa
oa a?o?oaeoo?e I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “22” ____09______1999?. a 13.00_aiaeei ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.056.03 i?e Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca aae?anith:
252037, Ee?a-37, Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?iniaeo, 31.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “20” ____08_____1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

e. a. i., aeioeaio Iiai?aeueoeaa A.I.CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA
?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iio?aaa a aeeoe? ? iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo, ?
nooi?iue ?? caaeiaieaiiy /eiaeith i??ith aecia/a? ye?noue aeeooy
ethaeeie. Naia oiio aoae?aieoeoao aeeoea, eiai oii?yaeeiaaiino?,
a?aeiia?aeiino? nai?oa?ii-a?a??i?/iei ii?iai, anoaoeoe? oa a?o?oaeoo??
i?eae?ey?oueny i?aeaeuaia oaaaa a on?o ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao na?oo
ai?iaeiaae on??? ?noi??? ethaenoaa. Neooaoe?y, ui neeaeany a i?no? Ee?a?
ia nueiaiaei?, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaeeie ianoaaeiai:

· ianyae aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea a na?aaeei? aeaa”yiinoeo ?ie?a nei?ioeeeny

? o?eueee inoaii?i /anii ii/aee c?inoaoe;

· a?ae aeeoea iineeth? nioe?aeueia iai?oaeaiiy a i?no?, ui ia iiaea ia
iicia/eoenue

ia ieaiao i?nueei? aaei?i?no?aoe?? (eio?a aiaeii/an ? ?iaanoi?, ?
caiiaiee), ia ye?, i?e?iaeii, aieeaa? iie?oe/ia ianoaiiaea;

· ?eieia? a?aeiineie ?noioii ci?ieee noaaeaiiy ianaeaiiy i. Ee?aa aei

i?iaeaie yeino? oa e?eueeino? aeeoea ia iaeio ethaeeio;

· c”yaeany ? c?inoa? i?ioa?ie ianaeaiiy, caeaoiee niea/oaaoe na?e

aea?? aeeoea,a ioaea, a yeiai a?aenooi? iio?aae a aea?aeaaiiio
(ioi?oeeiaeueiiio) aeeoe?;

· iacaaaeath/e ia ?nioth/o ? i?iaiiciaaio noaa?euei?noue /enaeueiino?

ianaeaiiy i. Ee?aa, iiieo ia aeeoei c?inoa?.

Iaaaaeai? ianoaaeie ?i?oe?thaaee aeieeiaiiy aaaeeeai? i?iaeaie
aeinyaiaiiy oaeeo ianya?a aaaaeaiiy aeeoea, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue iiieoo,
? aieiaia, ye? iio?aaothoue, uia ae??oaiiy ?? aoei aeiiii?/ii
aeioe?eueiei. Icia/aia aeiiaa noino?oueny ? ?ica”ycaiiy nioe?aeueieo
i?iaeai ? ia? caaacia/eoe ia iaeneioi i?eaooeo, a i?i?ioi aeo?ao ia
naith ?aae?caoe?th.

?acii c oei ??cea i?aeaeuaiiy oaii?a c?inoaiiy aoae?aieoeoaa, c iaeiiai
aieo, oa?oue o nia? caa?ico c?eao ieai?a aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, ui
ia anoeaathoue i?aeaeuoaaoe naith iiooaei?noue, a c ae?oaiai –
iaaei?aaaeaia iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieie ?ic?aooieaie i?aeaeuaiiy oaii?a
c?inoaiiy aoae?aieoeoaa iiaea coiiaeoe (/a?ac 2-3 ?iee) iaiao?aei?noue
a e?ea?aeaoe?? caeaeo (o ca”yceo ?c niaaeii iiieoo) iiooaeiinoae
aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e (AI).

Aiae?c iaoeiaeo ? ii?iaoeaieo ?ia?o, iaeiae, iieacaa, ui ia
nueiaiaei? a?aenooiy iaoiaee/ia aaca i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea,
yea a?oiooaaeany a ia iaoiaeao i?eaaaeaiiy a iioeiaeueio
a?aeiia?aei?noue iiieoo ia aoae?aieoeoai aeeoea ? iiooaeiinoae
aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e ii eiai caaeiaieaiith.

Aeeeaaeaia ?iaeoue aeooaeueieie ae??oaiiy i?aeiyoeo iaoeiaeo i?iaeai ?
i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a a?aeiia?aeieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?e
ieaioaaii? ?icaoaeiae aeeoea a i. Ee?a?.

Ca”ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee a
aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iai?yi aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeiia?aea? oaiaoe/i?e
ni?yiiaaiino? Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo i.
Ee?aa ia ia??iae aei 2010 ?ieo ? iia”ycaiee c iaoeiaeie ieaiaie eaoaae?e
i?aai?caoe?? e oi?aae?iiy aoae?aieoeoaa Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, a oaeiae ?c ieaiii ?iaioe
Ee?anueei? i?nueei? aea?aeaaii? aaei?i?no?aoe??.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aieiaia iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
?ic?iaeaii? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii? nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa
aeeoea a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee (ia i?eeeaae? i. Ee?aa). Aeinyaiaiiy
iinoaaeaii? iaoe iia”ycaia c ae??oaiiyi eaiee caaaeaiue, ye?
a?oioothoueny ia i?aeoiae? aei ieaioaaiiy ye aei i?ioeano ii
c?noaaeaiith oa i?eaaaeaiith iiieoo ia i?iaeoeoe?th aoae?aaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?e a iioeiaeueio a?aeiia?aei?noue c ?o iiaeeeainoyie ii eiai
caaeiaieaiith

Ia?ae?e caaaeaiue, ui aeieeaathoue c iaoe ?iaioe, ia? oaeee aeaeyae:

· aecia/eoe iio?aao ianaeaiiy i. Ee?aa a aoae?aieoeoa? aeeoea;

· ?ic?iaeoe noaoenoe/io iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa ie?aiiai
ia”?eoa

aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa;

· aecia/eoe ia?aiao?e noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? oa iaae? ?o ci?ithaaiiy;

· noai?eoe aa?enoe/iee aeai?eoi caaaeueii? eaeaiaea?ii? iiaeae?;

· neiino?othaaoe aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/io iiaeaeue iiooaeiino?
aoae?aaeueii?

i?aai?caoe??, yea aoaeo? aeeoei;

· aeyaeoe ia?aiao?e iiooaeiino? aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e i. Ee?aa, ye?

cae?eniththoue aeeoeiai-oeea?eueia aoae?aieoeoai;

· ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo i?iaiicoaaiiy iiooaeiino? aoae?aaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?e,

nii?oaeaeoth/eo aeeoei;

· cai?iiiioaaoe iaoiaee c?noaaeaiiy ? i?eaaaeaiiy a iioeiaeueio

a?aeiia?aei?noue iiieoo ia aoae?aieoeoai aeeoea ? iiaeeeainoae
aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e ii eiai caaeiaieaiith.

Iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe aecia/a?oueny:

· iiaith iaoiaeeeith ia/eneaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ianooaa?a ? oaii?a
c?inoaiiy

ianya?a aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea ia ia?niaeoeaiee (aei 2010 ?ieo) ia??iae;

· ii?iaoeaaie ia?aiao??a noaoenoe/ii? iiaeee? i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa

ie?aiiai aeeoeiaiai ia”?eoa aeey oe?eae ieaioaaiiy aoae?aieoeoaa;

· i?aeoe/ii ni?yiiaaiith iaoiaeeeith i?iaiicoaaiiy iiooaeiino?

aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, ui nii?oaeaeothoue aeeoei;

· iaoiaeeeith i?eaaaeaiiy a iioeiaeueio a?aeiia?aei?noue iiieoo ia
aoae?aieoeoai

aeeoea ? iiaeeeainoae aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e ii eiai caaeiaieaiith.

Ai?iaaoe?th ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? aoei cae?eniaii ia 59-e, 60-e
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e; nai?ia?ao aenoaaee
“Aoae?aieoeoai oa a?o?oaeoo?a” a 1997-1998 ??.; nai?ia?? Oe?a?inueei?
aeaaeai?? aea?aeaaiiai oi?aae?iiy i?e I?aceaeaio? Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii o /ioe?ueio
noaooyo, ui iiaa/eee na?o o iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, ui aoiaeyoue aei
ia?ae?eo caoaa?aeaeaiiai AAEii Oe?a?ie [1 — 4].

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aoee ai?iaaaeaeai? a aoae?aaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?yo i. Ee?aa oa Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae e?oa?aoo?e
c 173 iaeiaioaaiue, aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? neeaaea? 143
noi??iie, a oiio /ene?: ianya nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae e?oa?aoo?e 11
noi??iie. A iniiai?e /anoei? aeena?oaoe?? iae?/o?oueny 23 oaaeeoe? ? 10
?enoie?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

?icaeoie a?aeiinei aeaniino? a Oe?a?i? ai?n ci?ie a iaa?oiooaaiiy
i?eioeei?a ieaioaaiiy, i?aai?caoe?? oa oi?aae?iiy ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa (oea noino?oueny ? i?aai?caoe?e, ui niaoe?ae?cothoueny ia
aoae?aieoeoa? aeeoea).

Ia?oee i?eioeei – oe?eani?yiiaai?noue ea??aieo eaiie ieaioaaiiy ?
oi?aae?iiy coiiaeaia ?o ?ioa?anaie, iieyaa? caeaa?eueoiai o i?aaiaii?
iaenei?coaaoe i?eaooee.

Ae?oaee i?eioeei – iaiaaeaiiy i?e aeinyaiaii? oe?eae iiaeii?
oi?ioaaoeny aaciina?aaei?ie ae?iaieeaie, aeoiaey/e c iayaieo aeanieo ?
caiice/aieo ?ano?n?a.

O?ao?e i?eioeei – aee?aeoeai?noue ieaioaaiiy iieyaa? a iniaenoeo
ciaia”ycaiiyo ae?iaieea, ye? ia?aaaaeii ioi?ieai? th?eaee/ii.

*aoaa?oee i?eioeei ieaioaaiiy e oi?aae?iiy — iaoiaee iioei?caoe??
oeyo?a aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iiaeii? ?ic?iaeyoeny eiaeiei ae?iaieeii o
eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo c aeei?enoaiiyi anueiai eiiieaeno iaoeiaeo
iaoiae?a.

I”yoee i?eioeei ieaioaaiiy e oi?aae?iiy a ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe? —
oe?eeiaeoa i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy inoaiiuei? ?aeayi ia?eaoeiao.

I?e oeueiio oiiae canoinoaaiiy i?eioeei?a ieaioaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy o
?eieia?e aeiiii?oe? ? iaeaea ?aeaioe/ieie oiiaai iaoaiaoe/ii?
iioei?caoe?? – iayai?noue iaoe,iaiaaeaiue ? niaoeeo?/ieo iaoiae?a
iioei?caoe?? oeyo?a aeinyaiaiiy iaoe.

Aeeeaaeaia aeaei ciiao ae??oeoe iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy (n.2).

Iaeiei ?c iaeaaaeeea?oeo caaaeaiue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aecia/aiiy
iio?aae a aeeoe?, yea c?inoa? ? ca iaoiai /ano, aea i?eioeeiiai ia iiaea
aooe aecia/aia aac o?aooaaiiy iaiaaeaiue, coiiaeaieo iiaeeeainoyie
noni?euenoaa.

I?e aeeoa?aioe?thaaii? aeeoea ia nioe?aeueia oa eiia?oe?eia iio?aaa a
iueiio iiaeiia aecia/aoenue (? aeiooaaoenue ?c athaeaeaoo) o?eueee ca
eaoaai???th nioe?aeueiiai aeeoea. Eiia?oe?eia aeeoei, yea ?
?acoeueoaoii i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? ?iaanoeoe?eieo ?
aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, iiaeiii iae?eiaoaaoenue ie?aii.

C iaeyaeo ia aeeeaaeaia iio?aaa ianaeaiiy i. Ee?aa a nioe?aeueiiio
aeeoe? aeine?aeaeoaaeanue ca aeaieie ?aeiiieo oa i?nueei?
aea?aeaaei?i?no?aoe??, a oaeiae ca I?iaeoii ?ici?uaiiy
aeeoeiai-oeea?eueiiai oa eiioiaeueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa o i. Ee?a? ia
1998-2000 ?iee (iaaeae? — I?iaeo), ui aeeiiaiee a?aee?eoei aeoe?iia?iei
oiaa?enoaii “Ee?ai?iaeo”.

Aa?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai caaaeaiiy aoee aecia/ai?:

· iioaioe?eii iiaeeea? ianyae aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa ia 1999-2010 ??.,

ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue iiooaei?noue i?aeaioiaeaieo i?ae caaoaeiao
i?e?i?aeii?a, aeeoeiaeo eaa?oae?a ? ie?aieo ae?eyiie (1999-2000 ??.);

· aae?ani? i?ia?aie aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoeiaeo aoaeeie?a ? ia”?eo?a

noni?eueiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy, ui caaacia/othoue ia?oi/a?aia? iio?aae
ianaeaiiy oeeo ?aeii?a (1999-2000 ??.).

Iioaioe?eii iiaeeea? ianyae aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea aecia/ai? I?iaeoii
a?aeiia?aeii aei Aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo
i. Ee?aa aei 2010 ?. o ?ici??ao, ui iaaaaeai? o oaae.1.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aaaaeaiiy aeeoeiaeo aoaeeie?a o i. Ee?a?

a 1998-2000 ??. oa aei 2010 ?.
(aeeth/ii)

I?ia?aia aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea, ui iaaaaeaia a oaae.1, aacia?a/ii
iio?aaoaaea aiae?co ca aaaaoueia iai?yiaie, aieiaiei c yeeo ?
?aaeuei?noue oaii?a c?inoaiiy aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea ii ?ieao
?ic?aooieiaiai ia??iaeo.

Ioaea, ?aaeuei?noue oaii?a c?inoaiiy – aieiaia iiceoeaia ye?noue
i?ia?aie aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea, ? a oeueiio iaiao?aeii ia?aeiiaoenue
?ai?oa, i?ae ?iaeoe ?? ?iai/ei ?ino?oiaioii,

I?e??no aaaaeaiiy a ae?th aeeoea a 1997-1998 ??. (oaae.2) neeaa (o
ii??aiyii? c 1996 ?.) aeecueei 20%. Ia 1999-2000 ??. oey oeeo?a oaeiae
c?inoa? aei 20%.

Oaeei /eiii, ? i/aaeaeia iaiaaaiiy noi?ioaaoe ? caa?aaoe oaiaeaioe?th,
iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui aiia aeaeyaea? iaaeoi iioei?noe/iith — aeoaea
aenieei ?
i?e?e??no oa eiai oaiie: ca i”youe ?ie?a (ii??aiyiii ?c aaaaeaiiyi
aeeoea o 1995 ?.) ia?aaeaa/a?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy aaaaeaiiy aeeoea
i?eaeecii aaea?/? (?en.1).

Ioaea, iniiaiee aeniiaie ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co iieyaa? o
oiio, ui: aacia? oaiie i?e?inoo ieaiiaaieo ianya?a aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea
ia 1999-2000 ??. ia iiaeii? ia?aaeuoaaoe 9% (?en.1).

Ae?oaa caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoeeeii? ?iaioe ? iia”ycaiei c ?ic?iaeaiiyi
noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa ie?aiiai ia”?eoa
aeeoeiai-oeea?eueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa (NIIAIAE). I?e iiaoaeia? iiaeae?
aoei aeei?enoaii ?aeath neeaaeaiiy noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae?

i?aei?e?iieoeueeiai i?iaeoo, aea c ?noioieie ci?iaie, ui aeicaieythoue
aaaaeaoe ?? iiaith ?ic?iaeith.

Ci?ie noinothoueny aeaio iai?yi?a:

· no?oeoo?e aeae?a ?ia?o; aiia ci?ith?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei
niaoe?ae?caoe??

AI, ui cae?enith? aeeoeiai-oeea?eueia aoae?aieoeoai a i. Ee?a?, ? iiaea
aooe iiaeaia o aeaeyae?, cia?aaeaiiio ia ?en. 2 ;

· e?eoa??th iioeiaeueiino? caaaeueii? eaeaiaea?ii? iiaeae?.

C iaeyaeo ia oa, ui eaeaoueny i?i ?iaanoeoe?eiee i?iaeo ii
aoae?aieoeoao

aeeoea, a yeino? e?eoa??th iioeiaeueiino? ne?ae canoiniaoaaoe
caaaeueiiaeciaiee e?eoa??e –nueiaiaeiyoith aa?o?noue /enoeo i?eaaaeaieo
aoae?aaeueieo iioie?a (*AeAe).

O 1 T Yt

*AeAe = ? (Rt – Bt) x ————- = ? ———— ,
(1)

t=0 (1 + E)t t=0 (1 + E)t

aea Rt — ?acoeueoaoe, ui aeinyaathoueny ia t-io e?ioe?
?ic?aooie?a;

Bt — aeo?aoe, ui cae?eniththoueny ia oeueiio naiiio e?ioe?;

O — ai?eciio ?ic?aooieo;

Yt =(Rt – Bt) – aoaeo, ui aeinyaa?oueny ia e?ioe? t.

Oaaeeoey 2

Aaaaeaiiy a ae?th aeeoea a i. Ee?a? (oaeoe/i? aeai?) ca 1985-1997 ??. ?
i?iaiici? aeai? ia 1998-2010 ??.o)

ie?aiiai ia”?eoa aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa (NIIAIAE)

Oaeei /eiii, aeciai? o anueiio na?o? cia/aiiy aoaeoo a?ae
?iaanoeoe?e aei??aiththoueny ??cieoe? i?ae ?acoeueoaoii, oiaoi aeioiaeii
(/enoei aeioiaeii), ? aeo?aoaie, ui aeeneiioiaai? aei ia??iaeo /ano t=0.
?iaeoa eaaeo/e, ci?no caaaeueiiaeciaiiai e?eoa??th aoaeoeaiino?
i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa iieyaa? a c?noaaeaii? aeo?ao ? ?acoeueoao?a
(ui aei??ththoueny /enoei aeioiaeii) c o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi?o /ano.

Aea a iaoiio aeiaaeeo i?iaeaia iieyaa? a ?ioiio: aoae?aieoeoai aeeoea a
i?noao aeey ianaeaiiy, eio?a ia? iio?aao a iueiio, aea ia ia? ciiae
i?eaeaaoe eiai ia ?eieo aeeoea, cae?enith?oueny ca ?aooiie eioo?a
athaeaeaoo, oiaoi iaeaaeeoue aei ia?ae?eo ia”?eo?a, aoaeoeai?noue
cae?eniaiiy yeeo aei??th?oueny nioe?aeueiei aoaeoii. Eiai ne?ae
ioe?ithaaoe ca a?aeiia?aei?noth i?iaeoo nioe?aeueiei ii?iai,
noaiaea?oai ? oiiaai aeio?eiaiiy i?aa ethaeeie.

Ioaea, noaoenoe/ia iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa ie?aiiai ia”?eoa
a?ae??ciy?oueny ?noioii c iaeyaeo ia niaoe?o?eo ia?ae?eo aeeiioaaieo
aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeieo ?ia?o ?

a?aenooi?noue ia??iaeo aenieoaoaoe??, i?ae /an yeiai oi?io?oueny
i?eaooie (aeioiae).

O?ao? caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoeeeii? ?iaioe noino?oueny aecia/aiiy
ia?aiao??a noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? oa iaae? ?o ci?ie.

Ia?aiao?e iiaeae? ? noaiaea?oieie ca ia?ae?eii ? i?ecia/aiiyi, aea
?noioii a?ae??ciythoueny ca aeaeaie aoae?aieoeoaa, ?, i?e?iaeii, aeey
aeeoea ?o cia/aiiy ?io?, i?ae aeey i?iieneiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa. Aei ieo
iaeaaeeoue ianyae ? o?eaaeino? ca aeaeaie ?ia?o, a oaeiae aei?iaee
eiaeii? j-? oiiaii? ?iaioe ii a?aeiioaiith aei (j+1)-?.

Aecia/aiiy oeeo ia?aiao??a cae?enithaaeinue oeyoii noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee
ia?aiao??a ia”?eo?a-aiaeia?a. Uia io?eiaoe aaee/eie, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaeanoue ?nioaaiiy oa a?aie/i? cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a
noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae?, aoei aeei?enoaii iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea iaoa??aeo aeiaaea, ui aeo?aei? aeai? ii an?o
ia?aiao?ao noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? ?ici?uothoueny a neaai aa??thth/ee ?yae,
ui aieiae?? a?aeiinii iaaaeeeith aeenia?n??th oa cia/iith
a??ia?aei?noth. I?ioa aeey iaea?aeaiiy inoaoi/ii? aiaaiaiino? o
a??ia?aeiino? aeeiiaii? noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee aoei i?iaaaeaii ia?aa??eo
iaea?aeaieo aeo?aeieo aeaieo iaoiaeii ?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe??, ui
i?ecia/aiee aeey aecia/aiiy nooiaiy a?aeiia?aeiino? i?ae aeaiia ?yaeaie
aeo?aeieo aeaieo (oaae.3).

?ic?aooiee i?iaiaeeeenue ca oi?ioeith:

? = 1 – [?? d2 : n(n2-1)] ,
(2)

aea ? — eiao?oe??io ?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe??;

d — ??cieoey ?aiaiaeo iieaciee?a;

n — /enei ?aiaiaeo i?noeue (niinoa?aaeaiue)

Iaea?aeai? eiao?oe??ioe ?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe?? iieacaee, ui a ?iciiae?e?
ianya?a aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeieo ?ia?o ca ie?aieie niaoe?aeueiinoyie ?
caeiiii??i?noue, yea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aaeeeith u?euei?noth ca”yceo (?
= 0.995 – 0.991). Oae? aenie? eiao?oe??ioe ?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe??
na?ae/aoue i?i cia/io iaeii??aei?noue no?oeoo?e ianya?a
aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeieo ?ia?o ? iiaeeea?noue iiaoaeiae iaeii??aeieo
(noaiaea?oieo) a?ao?e?a i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa ia o?ano (aai
iiae?aio ca ianooaaaie i?aai?caoe?th).

Iayai?noue ia?aiao??a noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? ii an?o ia”?eoao (?o
/anoeiao) i?aei?e?iieoeueeiai i?iaeoo aeicaiey? ?icii/aoe iiaoaeiao
caaaeueii? eaeaiaea?ii? iiaeae?, ui ? ci?noii /aoaa?oiai caaaeaiiy
?iaioe.

Iiaoaeiaa caaaeueii? eaeaiaea?ii? iiaeae? iia”ycaia c o?aooaaiiyi
oaeeo ianoaaei:

· niaoeeo?ea aa?enoe/iiai aeai?eoio neeaaeaiiy caaaeueii? eaeaiaea?ii?

iiaeae? iiaeiia a?aoiaoaaoe eiino?oeoe?th NIIAIAE ii aeaeao ia”?eo?a,
iaiao?aei?noue iayaiino? aaciai? eiooi?enii? aa?oino? ca caaaeaiei
eiooi?eniei ?ic?aooieii ? aeiaia??ii? oe?ie;

· ine?eueee iiaeeea? aeey aeei?enoaiiy e?eoa??? iioeiaeueiino?

NIIAIAE, a naia:

a) i?i?ioi o?eaaeino? aoae?aieoeoaa eiaeiiai ie?aiiai ia”?eoa aeeoeiaiai
aoae?aieoeoaa;

a) i?i?ioi o?eaaeino? aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoeiaeo eiiieaen?a;

a) iaeneioi ??aiii??iino? caaaioaaeaiiy aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e,
ui aoaeothoue

aeeoei, iathoue i?ioe??//y, oi aeei?enoaiiy ia?ae?/aieo oiia aiaeii/an
o aeaeyae? e?eoa??y ? iaiiaeeeaei. Oea aeeeeea? iaiao?aei?noue
anoaiiaeaiiy /a?aiaino? ?o canoinoaaiiy aai ia?aoai?aiiy ?o /anoei a
iaiaaeaiiy.

I?iaeaiiei ? ieoaiiy iiaiaeaeaiiy aa??aioa caaaeueii? eaeaiaea?ii?
iiaeae? i?ae ?iaanoi?ii oa i?ae?yaeieeii, ine?eueee oa, ui ? aea?aeiei
aeey ?iaanoi?a (iaeneioi i?eaooeo o iaeei?ioo? no?iee), o aeaeyae?
i?i?iaeueiiai oa?i?io ieoiiino?, iiaea aooe iaaea?aeiei i?ae?yaeieeo,
ine?euee ii?iaeaeo? ia??aiii??i?noue eiai caaaioaaeaiiy ? oei naiei
ni?e/eiy? ao?aoo i?eaooeo. Ooo iiaeeeaa, ye i?aaeei, c?oeiaiiy
?ioa?an?a, a oaeiae aa??aio?a i?aai?caoe?? ?ia?o.

Ioaea eaeaoueny ia o?eueee i?i caaaeueiee ianya ?iaanoeoe?e, a e
aieiaia, i?i ?o ?ioaineai?noue, oiaoi i?i ianya a iaeeieoeth /ano.
Iaiaaeaiiyi caaaeueii? eaeaiaea?ii? iiaeae? ? oaeiae ii?iaoeae
ia?aiao??a eaeaiaea?ii? iiaeae?

Oaaeeoey 3

C?noaaeaiiy ianya?a aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeieo ?ia?o iaoiaeii
?aiaiai? ei?aeyoe??

i?aai?caoe?? iiaoaeiae ie?aiiai ia”?eoa oa iiooaei?noue
i?aei?e?inoaa-aeeiiaaoey i?iaeoo.

Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ia?eaoeiaiaeo iiaeeeainoae AI ia ?eieo aeeoeiaiai
aoae?aieoeoaa, ui cai?iiiiiaaia a ?iaio?, ia”?aeiaea caaaeaiiy 5 – 7, a
naia:

· ?ic?iaeaiiy aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? (ANI) iiooaeiino?

aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, ui cae?eniththoue aeeoeiaa aoae?aieoeoai;

· ?ic?iaeaiiy aeai?eoio i?iaiicoaaiiy iiooaeiino? AI ia iniia?

noaio ?? aioo??oi?o ia?aiao??a ? ia?eaoeiaiai? neooaoe?? a ?aa?ii?, ui
neeaeanue ia ?eieo aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa;

· i?iiiceoe?? uiaei i?aai?caoe?eii-no?oeoo?ieo caoiae?a ii i?eaaaeaiith
a

iioeiaeueio a?aeiia?aei?noue iiieoo ia aoae?aieoeoai aeeoea ?
iiaeeeainoae AI ii eiai caaeiaieaiith – oeyoii noai?aiiy a?aeae?e?a
ia?eaoeiao a ?? no?oeoo??.

ANI iiooaeiino? aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, ye? cae?eniththoue aeeoeiaa
aoae?aieoeoai, ?ic?iaeaia ye iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee ?ino?oiaio i?iaiicoaaiiy
iiooaeiino? aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e ia ?eieo aeeoeiaiai
aoae?aieoeoaa. ?ic?aooiie iiooaeiino? AI, ye? i?iaiaeyoue aeeoeiaa
aoae?aieoeoai, i?iiiio?oueny cae?enithaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith ANI o aeaeyae?
??aiyiiy iiiaeeiii? e?i?eii? ?aa?an??.

Y* = ao + ? iaiXiint + ?jajXjext , ( i =1-11 ;
j=12-16 ), (3)

aea ao , ai , aj — eiao?oe??ioe e?i?eii? ?aa?an??;

Xiint — aiaeiaaii? (aioo??oi?) oaeoi?e iiaeae?
iiooaeiino? (11 oaeoi??a);

Xjext — aeciaaii? (ciai?oi?) oaeoi?e (5 oaeoi??a).

A?oio aiaeiaaiieo oaeoi??a iiaeae? iiooaeiino? noaiiaeyoue aeiiii?/i?,
ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/i? ia?aiao?e ae?yeueiino? AI, a oaeiae o?, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy iath, ae?oaa a?oia oaeoi??a
aeicaiey? a?aooaaoe a iiaeae? iiooaeiino? aieea oaeoi??a ioi/oth/iai
ia?eaoeiaiaiai na?aaeiaeua.

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? (oaae. 4)
cana?ae/othoue,ui iaea?eueoee aieea ia iieaciee iiooaeiino? iathoue:
c-iii?ae aiaeiaaiieo oaeoi??a – ??aiii??i?noue caaaioaaeaiiy,
oa?eoi??aeueia eiioeaio?aoe?y, na?aaeiuei??/ia aa?o?noue iniiaieo
oiiae?a, iai?ioi?noue aeanieo cania?a; c-iii?ae aeciaaiieo –
na?aaeiueicaaaeaia aa?o?noue 1 ea.i aeeoea oa ?ic?aooieiaa iio?aaa a
aeeoe? a ?aa?ii?.

Ieoiiee aianie oaeoi??a aeaco? ia iai?yie i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai
oa aeiiii?/iiai aaeineiiaeaiiy AI ii ?icoe?aiith ?eieiaiai naaiaioa,
ioiieaiiai iath.

Oaaeeoey 4

Oaeoi?e noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? iiooaeiino? AI,ui i?iaiaeeoue
aeeoeiaa aoae?aieoeoai

Aiae?c aeinoia??iino? i?iaiicieo cia/aiue iiooaeiino?, iaea?aeaieo ia
iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae?, a oaeiae ii??aiyiiy
c aeaieie, caeiaooeie ?ioei oeyoii (oaae.5), aeiaaee, ui aeaia iiaeaeue
? iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo iiooaeiino? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ye
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iee ?ino?oiaio ?ic?iaeaiiy ia ia?eaoeiaiaeo canaaeao
no?aoaa?/ieo ??oaiue i?e i?aai?caoe??, ieaioaaii? ? ?aae?caoe??
ae?iaie/i? i?ia?aie aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e, ye? cae?eniththoue
aeeoeiaa aoae?aieoeoai.

Iiaeaia a ?iaio? eiioeaioe?y i?aai?caoe?? ia?eaoeiao a aeeoeiaiio
aoae?aieoeoa? aeiaiaeeoue, ui iaiao?aeiith i?aai?caoe?eiith
ia?aaeoiiaith

i?eaaaeaiiy a iioeiaeueio a?aeiia?aei?noue iiieoo ia aoae?aieoeoai
aeeoea ? iiaeeeainoae aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e ii eiai caaeiaieaiith ?
noai?aiiy a ?o no?oeoo?? iiaeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a –
a?aeae?e?a ia?eaoeiao.

Oaaeeoey 5

Ioe?iea aeinoia??iino? noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? uiaei
i?iaiico

iiooaeiino? AI

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, aecia/aii iniiai? iai?yie ? caaaeaiiy ae?yeueiino?
a?aeae?e?a ia?eaoeiao, cai?iiiiiaai? ?aoe?iiaeuei? i?iaeoi? ??oaiiy
uiaei ?o no?oeoo?iiai ao?eaiiy (iaeia c ieo iieacaii ia ?en.3).

Cai?iiiiiaai? oi?ie i?aai?caoe?? a?aeae?e?a ia?eaoeiao, no?oeoo?ia
?aoe?iiaeuei?noue yeeo i?aeoaa?aeaeaia ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi a ?yae?
aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e i. Ee?aa, ne?ae ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe aeey
iiaeaeueoiai ao?eaiiy a i?aeoeeo ae?yeueiino? aoae?aaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?e, ui niaoe?ae?cothoueny ia aeeoeiaiio aoae?aieoeoa?.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

1. O ia??iae ia?aoiaeo aei i??i?eoaoo ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ci?iththoueny

i?noea, ?ieue, oa?aeoa? ? ci?no oe?eiai ?yaeo i?ioean?a i?aai?caoe??
? oi?aae?iiy aeeoeiaei aoae?aieoeoaii. I??i?eoao a i?eeiyoo? ??oaiue
?c ea?aeeiaeueieo i?iaeai ae?yeueiino? ia?ai?uo?oueny ia ??aaiue
aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e.

2. A oiiaao ?icoe?aiiy naiino?eiino? i?aei?e?inoa,ui aoaeothoue aeeoei,

?icaeoeo eiieo?aioe?? c?inoa? iaiao?aei?noue a oaeineiiaeaii? ?
ai?iaaaeaeaii? a i?aeoeeo iaoiae?a no?aoaa?/iiai ? oaeoe/iiai
oi?aae?iiy. I?ia?aia ia?eaoeiao ia? caeiyoe oeaio?aeueia i?noea a
nenoai? ieai?a aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e ? aecia/eoe ci?no ? iai?yie
?ioeo ieai?a.

3. Oa?aeoa?enoeee (ye?ni?, a?o?oaeoo?ii-aoae?aaeuei?)nioe?aeueiiai
aeeoea

aecia/athoueny iiaeeeainoyie athaeaeaoo oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iith
neooaoe??th a i?no?.

4. I?e ia?aoiae? a?ae i??i?eoaoo iaoiae?a oeaio?ae?ciaaii? aeiiii?ee aei

i??i?eoaoo iaoiae?a ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee:

a) ci?ith?oueny noeoii?noue noeioe?a i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
noni?eueii? i?aoe? ? ?aioaaaeueiino? ae?iaieoeoaa;

a) caeeoathoueny aac ci?i i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? e oi?aae?iiy
aoae?aaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa;

a) iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? iaoiaeeee ieaioaaiiy e oi?aae?iiy
oeaio?ae?ciaaii? aeiiii?ee, ui a?aoiaothoue iineethth/? noeioee ?eieiai?
aeiiii?ee, aieea iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano oa i?eeiie ia?eaoeiao.

5. A iniiao ?ic?iaeaii? noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa

aeeoeiaeo aoaeeie?a iieeaaeaii aac?ici??io noaio, a iiaeai? a ?iaio?
ia?aiao?e noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? ia?aoai?ththoue ?? ia eaeaiaea?iee a?ao?e
i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa ie?aiiai aeeoeiaiai ia”?eoa.

6. Noaoenoe/ia iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa ?iaeoue
?aaeueiei

oa”ycoaaiiy ?iaioe niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aoae?aaeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a i?ae
niaith, ine?eueee ia? iiaeeea?noue ci?ithaaoenue caeaaeii a?ae aeiia
oa”ycaiiy. Caaaeyee nai?e noaoenoe/i?e iniia?, eaeaiaea?ia iiaeaeue
i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoeiaiai aoaeeieo oiiaeeeaeoue iiaoaeiao
caaaeueieo (ia i?e?i?aeii, aaei?i?no?aoeaiee ?aeii aai acaaae? ia i?noi)
eaeaiaea?ieo a?ao?e?a ia ia?niaeoeaiee ia??iae.

7. Aeey aaeaeaaoiino? oa a??ia?aeiino? ioe?iee iiooaeiino? aoae?aaeueii?

i?aai?caoe??, yea ae?? ia ?eieo aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa, aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoaoe aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/io iiaeaeue, aei neeaaeo a?aoiaio?a yei?
ne?ae aeeth/eoe aea? a?oie oaeoi??a:

1) ae?iaie/i-oaoiieia?/i? e oae?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue aoaeoeai?noue

oi?aae?iiy, oiaoi aioo??oi? aiaeiaaii? oaeoi?e;

2) ciai?oi?, aeciaaii? oaeoi?e, ye? iia”ycothoue iiooaei?noue
aoae?aaeueii?

i?aai?caoe?? c ia?eaoeiaiaith neooaoe??th, ui neeaeany ia ?eieo
aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa a i?no? aai ?aa?ii?.

8. A ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooie?a aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/ii? iiaeae? oa
ia?aa??ee

?? ca noaoenoe/ieie e?eoa??yie aeyaeaii, ui iaea?eueoee aieea ia
iieaciee iiooaeiino? aoae?aaeueii? i?aai?caoe??, yea ae?? ia ?eieo
aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa, ni?aaeythoue oae? oaeoi?e: na?aae aiaeiaaiieo
– oa?eoi??aeueia eiioeaio?aoe?y, ??aiii??i?noue caaaioaaeaiiy,
na?aaeiuei??/ia aa?o?noue iniiaieo oiiae?a, ia?aia?noue aeanieo eioo?a;
na?aae aeciaaiieo – na?aaeiuei??/ia aa?o?noue 1 ea.i aeeoea oa
?ic?aooieiaa iio?aaa a aeeoe?.

9. ?ic?iaeaia aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue iiooaeiino? aeicaiey? ia

eeoa i?iaiicoaaoe ?? c aenieei nooiaiai aeinoia??iino?, a e aeaco? ia
iai?yie aeiiii?ei-i?aai?caoe?eiiai oa ae?iaie/i-oaoiieia?/iiai
aaeineiiaeaiiy aoae?aaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ii ?icoe?aiith naaiaioa,
ioiieaiiai iath ia ?eieo aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa.

10. Aeiaaaeaii iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy a no?oeoo?? aoae?aaeueieo

i?aai?caoe?e, ui niaoe?ae?cothoueny ia aeeoeiaiio aoae?aieoeoa?
a?aeae?eo ia?eaoeiao, ae?yeuei?noue yeiai ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
i?aai?caoe?eiee can?a i?eaaaeaiiy o ?aoe?iiaeueio a?aeiia?aei?noue
iiieoo ia aoae?aieoeoai aeeoea ? iiaeeeainoae aoae?aaeueii? i?aai?caoe??
ii eiai caaeiaieaiith: aecia/aii iniiai? caaaeaiiy ? iai?yie
ae?yeueiino? a?aeae?e?a ia?eaoeiao, cai?iiiiiaaii aoaeoeai? oi?ie ?o
no?oeoo?iiai ao?eaiiy.

11. Iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie aeine?aeaeaiue c oaie aeena?oaoe?? iiaeiai aooe

ni?yiiaaiee ia noai?aiiy i?nueei? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aeeoeiaei
aoae?aieoeoaii, yea ia? neeaaeaoenue ?c oaeeo aeie?a: — i?noiaoae?aiee
aaie aeaieo ? eaaeano? oa?eoi??? i?noa; i?iaiicoaaiiy ? iino?eiiai
ei?aaoaaiiy iiieoo ianya?a aeeoea, yea aoaea eoioaaoenue (eiia?oe?eia) e
yea aoaea iaaeaaaoenue aaceiooiaii (nioe?aeueia), aeoiaey/e c
o?iainiaiai noaio i?noa ? ianaeaiiy; o?iainoaaiiy, aeiiii?/i? ? i?aaia?
canaaee aca?iia?aeiinei c ?iaanoi?aie; e?aaeeooaaiiy ianaeaiiy i?noa ia
?iioa/ieo canaaeao, aeeth/ath/e noai?aiiy i?nueeiai ?iioa/iiai aaieo. A
oeueiio aeioe? iiaeii? aooe ae??oai? ia o?eueee ieoaiiy noaoooiiai
oiiaeo oeueiai aaieo, a e o/ano? eiia?oe?eieo aaie?a i?noa a
e?aaeeooaaii? aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea; eiiieaeniiai ieaioaaiiy ?
i?aai?caoe?? ?aeiino?oeoe?? oa aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea, aeoiaey/e c
aaia?aeueiiai ieaio ?icaeoeo ?io?ano?oeoo?e oa ?iaeaia?ieo ia?aae i?noa.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo aaoi?ii i?aoeue ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe??

1. Noaoaanueeee N.O. Aeiiii?/i? canaaee i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa — a
iaoiaeao ia?eaoeiao // Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa a
oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei (ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue) aei. 3 – E: EAeOOAA
– 1998, n.61-63.

2. Noaoaanueeee N.O. Noaoenoe/ia iiaeaeue i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa

ie?aiiai ia”?eoo aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa // Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei (ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue) Aei. 5 – E: EAeOOAA – 1999, n.70-75.

3, Noaoaanueeee N.O. Aa?enoe/iee aeai?eoi neeaaeaiiy caaaeueii?

eaeaiaea?ii? iiaeae? aoae?aieoeoaa ia”?eo?a // Oeyoe i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei (ca??iee iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue) Aei. 6 E.:EIOAA – 1999 n.31-36.

4.Noaoaanueeee N.O. Iaoiaeeea i?iaiicoaaiiy iiooaeiino? aoae?aaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?e, ui cae?eniththoue aeeoeiaa aoae?aieoeoai // Oeyoe
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aoae?aieoeoaa a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei
(ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue) Aei. 7 E.:EIOAA – 1999 n.55-61.

AIIOAOe?ss

Noaoaanueeee N.O. I?aai?caoe?y i?nueeiai aoae?aieoeoaa a ?eieiaeo oiiaao
(ia i?eeeaae? aeeoeiaiai aoae?aieoeoaa a i. Ee?a?). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 – aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa oa i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa (oaoi?/i? iaoee ). – Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao
aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, Ee?a, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii i?iaeai? i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa
nioe?aeueiiai aeeoea o i?no?. A iniiao aeine?aeaeaiue iieeaaeaii
i?aeo?ae aei i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa, ui a?oioo?oueny ia aeiic?
i?eaaaeaiiy a iioeiaeueio a?aeiia?aei?noue iiieoo ia aoae?aieoeoai
aeeoea ? iiooaeiinoae aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e ii eiai caaeiaieaiith.
?ic?iaeai? i?iiiceoe?? ii aecia/aiith ?aoe?iiaeueieo ianooaa?a ? oaii?a
c?inoaiiy ianya?a aoae?aieoeoaa aeeoea a i?no?: noaoenoe/ia iiaeaeue
i?aai?caoe?? aoae?aieoeoaa ie?aiiai ia”?eoa aeeoeiai-oeea?eueiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa; aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/ia iiaeaeue ? aeai?eoi i?iaiicoaaiiy
iiooaeiino? aoae?aaeueii? i?aai?caoe??, ui niaoe?ae?co?oueny ia
aoae?aieoeoa? aeeoea. Cai?iiiiiaai? i?aai?caoe?eii no?oeoo?i? caoiaee
uiaei i?eaaaeaiiy a iioeiaeueio a?aeiia?aei?noue iiieoo ia aoae?aieoeoai
aeeoea ? iiaeeeainoae aoae?aaeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ii eiai caaeiaieaiith
oeyoii noai?aiiy a?aeae?e?a ia?eaoeiao a ?? no?oeoo??.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?aaioe ciaeoee ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ae?yeueiino?
aoae?aaeueieo i?aai?caoe?e i. Ee?aa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeeoeiaa aoae?aieoeoai, ae?iaie/a iiooaei?noue
aoae?aaeueii? i?aai?caoe??, i?aai?caoe?y aoae?aieoeoaa, iiieo ia aeeoei,
noaoenoe/ia eaeaiaea?ia iiaeaeue.

Aiiioaoeey

Noaoaaneee N.O. I?aaiecaoeey ai?iaeneiai no?ieoaeuenoaa a ?uii/iuo
oneiaeyo (ia i?eia?a aeeeeuiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa a a. Eeaaa).-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 — yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa (oaoie/aneea iaoee). — Eeaaneee iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao
no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia i?aaiecaoeee no?ieoaeuenoaa
nioeeaeueiiai aeeeuey a ai?iaea. A iniiaa i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee
iieiaeai iiaeoiae e i?aaiecaoeee no?ieoaeuenoaa eae e i?ioeanno,
aace?othuaiony ia iaiaoiaeeiinoe auiieiaiey o?aaiaaiey i?eaaaeaiey a
iioeiaeueiia niioaaonoaea ni?ina ia i?iaeoeoeeth no?ieoaeueiuo
i?aaiecaoeee n eo aiciiaeiinoyie ii aai oaeiaeaoai?aieth.

?aaeecaoeey oeacaiiiai iiaeoiaea naycaia n ?aoaieai eiiieaena
acaeiinaycaiiuo caaea/, ia?aay ec eioi?uo – enneaaeiaaiea iio?aaiinoe
ianaeaiey ai?iaea a aeeeuea. A niioaaonoaee n caaea/ae auee ii?aaeaeaiu
iioaioeeaeueii aiciiaeiua iauaiu aeeeeuiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa ia 1999-2010
aa. e oaiiu eo i?e?inoa.

Aoi?ay caaea/a naycaia n ?ac?aaioeie noaoenoe/aneie iiaeaee i?aaiecaoeee
no?ieoaeuenoaa ioaeaeueiiai iauaeoa aeeeeuii-a?aaeaeaineiai
no?ieoaeuenoaa. I?e iino?iaiee iiaeaee auee o/oaiu: niaoeeoeea
iiiaieeaoo?u ?aaio, auiieiyaiuo ia no?ieoaeuenoaa iauaeoia aeeeuey e
iniaaiiinoe oeiaine?iaaiey eo no?ieoaeuenoaa, inouanoaeyaiiai ca n/ao
n?aaenoa athaeaeaoa. Iineieueeo nioeeaeueiia aeeeuea ioiineony e
ia?a/ith iauaeoia, yooaeoeaiinoue ?aaeecaoeee eioi?uo ecia?yaony
nioeeaeueiui yooaeoii e ioeaieaaaony ii niioaaonoaeth ?aaeecoaiiai
i?iaeoa nioeeaeueiui ii?iai, noaiaea?oai e oneiaeyi niaethaeaiey i?aa
/aeiaaea, oi a noaoenoe/aneie iiaeaee i?aaiecaoeee i?aaiecaoeee
no?ieoaeuenoaa iauaeoia nioeeaeueiiai aeeeuey ionoonoaoao ia?eiae
yenieoaoaoeee, ai a?aiy eioi?iai oi?ie?oaony i?eaueue (aeioiae).

O?aouey caaea/a — ii?aaeaeaiea ia?aiao?ia noaoenoe/aneie iiaeaee e
a?aieoe eo eciaiaiey. Ia?aiao?u iiaeaee noaiaea?oiua ii ia?a/ith e
iacia/aieth, iaeiaei nouanoaaiii ioee/athony ii aeaeai no?ieoaeuenoaa. E
iei ioiinyony iauaiu e i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue ?aaio ii aeaeai e
iaiaoiaeeiua caaeaeu iaeiie ?aaiou ii ioiioaieth e ae?oaie
iineaaeothuae.

Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey aaee/ei ia?aiao?ia noaoenoe/aneie iiaeaee, iaeanoe eo
nouanoaiaaiey e i?aaeaeueiuo cia/aiee i?iaaaeaia n eniieueciaaieai
iaoiaeia iaoaiaoe/aneie noaoenoeee ia?aaioea aeaiiuo ia?aiao?ia ii
iauaeoai — aiaeiaai.

Noaoenoe/aneay ia?aaioea iaoa?eaea iieacaea, /oi enoiaeiua aeaiiua ii
anai ia?aiao?ai noaoenoe/aneie iiaeaee ?aciauathony a neaai
aa?uee?othuee ?yae, iaeaaeathuee iaaieueoie aeenia?neae e cia/eoaeueiie
aeinoiaa?iinoueth, /oi iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony aunieeie eiyooeoeeaioaie
?aiaiaie ei??aeyoeee e naeaeaoaeuenoaoao i cia/eoaeueiie iaeii?iaeiinoe
iauaiia no?ieoaeueii-iiioaaeiuo ?aaio e aiciiaeiinoe iino?iaiey
noaiaea?oiuo a?aoeeia i?aaiecaoeee no?ieoaeuenoaa ia o?ano eee
aiaeiae/ioth ii ianooaaai auiieiaiey ?aaio i?aaiecaoeeth.

Iaee/ea ia?aiao?ia noaoenoe/aneie iiaeaee ii anai iauaeoai (eee eo
/anoyi) i?aaei?eieiaoaeueneiai i?iaeoa iicaieyao iino?ieoue iauoth
eaeaiaea?ioth iiaeaeue, /oi ninoaaeei niaea?aeaiea /aoaa?oie caaea/e
?aaiou.

Iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey ia?eaoeiaiauo aiciiaeiinoae no?ieoaeueiie
i?aaiecaoeee ia ?uiea aeeeeuiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa, i?aaeeiaeaiiay a
?aaioa, iauaaeeieea caaea/e 5-7, a eiaiii: ?ac?aaioeo
yeiiiieei-noaoenoe/aneie iiaeaee i?iecaiaenoaaiiie iiuiinoe
i?aaiecaoeee, inouanoaeythueo no?ieoaeuenoai aeeeuey; ?ac?aaioeo
aeai?eoia i?iaiice?iaaiey iiuiinoe i?aaiecaoeee ia iniiaa ninoiyiey aa
aioo?aiieo ia?aiao?ia e ia?eaoeiaiaie neooaoeee a ?aaeiia, neiaeeaoaeny
ia ?uiea aeeeeuiiai no?ieoaeuenoaa; i?aaeeiaeaiey ii
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-no?oeoo?iui ia?ii?eyoeyi, ii i?eaaaeaiee a iioeiaeueiia
niioaaonoaea ni?ina ia no?ieoaeueioth i?iaeoeoeeth n aiciiaeiinoyie
no?ieoaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee ii aai oaeiaeaoai?aieth iooai nicaeaiey
ioaeaeia ia?eaoeiaa a aa no?oeoo?a.

Yeiiiieei-noaoenoe/aneay iiaeaeue iiuiinoe no?ieoaeueiuo i?aaiecaoeee
?ac?aaioaia eae iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneee eino?oiaio i?iaiice?iaaiey
aiciiaeiinoae no?ieoaeueiuo i?aaiecaoeee ia ?uiea aeeeeuiiai
no?ieoaeuenoaa. ?an/ao iiuiinoe i?aaeeaaaaony auiieieoue n iiiiuueth
yeiiiieei-noaoenoe/aneie iiaeaee a oi?ia o?aaiaiey iiiaeanoaaiiie
?aa?annee. Aiaeec aeinoiaa?iinoe ia?aiao?ia iiaeaee e ?an/aoiuo cia/aiee
iieacaoaeae iiuiinoe n oaeoe/anee aeinoeaioouie no?ieoaeueiuie
i?aaiecaoeeyie iieacaee, /oi aeaiiay iiaeaeue e iaoiaeeea iiaeao auoue
eniieueciaaia a i?aeoeea ?aaiou no?ieoaeueiuo i?aaiecaoeee i?e
ieaie?iaaiee i?iecaiaenoaaiiie i?ia?aiiu.

I?aaenoaaeaiiay a ?aaioa eiioeaioeey i?aaiecaoeee ia?eaoeiaa a aeeeeuiii
no?ieoaeuenoaa iieacaea, /oi iaiaoiaeeiui i?aaiecaoeeiiiui oneiaeai
i?eaaaeaiey a iioeiaeueiia ninoiyiea ni?ina ia no?ieoaeuenoai aeeeuey e
aiciiaeiinoae no?ieoaeueiuo i?aaiecaoeee ii aai oaeiaeaoai?aieth anoue
nicaeaiea a eo no?oeoo?a iiauo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo iiae?acaeaeaiee –
ioaeaeia ia?eaoeiaa. Enoiaey ec yoiai, ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua iai?aaeaiey
e caaea/e ioaeaeia ia?eaoeiaa, i?aaeeiaeaiu ?aoeeiiaeueiua i?iaeoiua
?aoaiey ii eo no?oeoo?iie i?aaiecaoeee.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou aiaae?aiu a no?ieoaeueiuo
i?aaiecaoeeyo a. Eeaaa e Oe?aeiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeeeeuiia no?ieoaeuenoai, i?iecaiaenoaaiiay iiuiinoue
no?ieoaeueiie i?aaiecaoeee, i?aaiecaoeey no?ieoaeuenoaa, ni?in ia
aeeeuea, noaoenoe/aneay eaeaiaea?iay iiaeaeue.

S.Stashevskiy. The organization of the city construction in the market
conditions

( by the example of housing construction in Kiev ).

The thesis for seeking of scientific degree of candidate of technical
sciences on speciality 08.06.01 – Economy of Enterprise and Organization
of Production (technical sciences). – Kyiv National University of
Construction and Agriculture, Kyiv, 1999.

The thesis are dedicated to the issue of organization of social housing
construction in cities. The approach to the organization of construction
used in the study is based on the requirement of bringing demands on
housing construction in cimpliance with exicting capacities of the
building organizations. The proposals are made conserning following
subjects: efficient scales and pace of city housing constuction; the
statistical model of the organization of individual object of
housing-civil engineering construction; economical-statistical model and
algorithm of capacity prognosis for building organizations, specialising
in housing construction. The organizational-strucrured measures to bring
the demands on housing construction in line with capacities of building
organizations through establishment of internal marketing division are
proposed.

The main results of the study were implemented in a number of Kyiv”s
building organizations.

Key words: housing construction, exciting capacities of the building
organization, demands on housing construction, the statistical calendars
model.

Похожие записи