?INOEOOO IAAeAAIA?EE AII OE?A?IE

AE*EIAA ??EIA ?AAI?AIA

OAeE 378.126.1

I?AAI?CAOe?EII-IAAeAAIA?*I? CANAAeE IAA*AIIss NEOOA*?A

OAEOEUeOAOO AeIAOC?ANUeEI? I?AeAIOIAEE

(ia iaoa??ae? aeenoeeie?i i?e?iaeie/iiai oeeeeo)

13.00.01 – Oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

EE?A – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao?, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: – aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aiae???anueeee Ai?en Iae?eiae/,

Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee ii/aoeiai? ina?oe

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

– /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ii?ic Ieaen?e A?eai?iae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e iaaeaaia?ee

Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa;

– eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

Aaee/ei Ethaeieea Iao??aia, ?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoth/a eaai?aoi???th iaoiaeeee a?ieia?? oa o?i??.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?ee, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Caii??aeaey

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 28 o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.452.01 a ?inoeooo? iaaeaaia?ee AII
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252053 i. Ee?a – 53, aoe. A?oaia, 52a.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e /anoei? ?inoeoooo

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 26 ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

i?ioani? I.I. Eaaeee

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Oniioia ?aaeicaoeiy nioeiaeueii-aeiiiii/ieo i eoeueoo?ieiai/ieo
ia?aoai?aiue, ui aiaeaoaathoueny a Oe?a?ii, cia/iith ii?ith caeaaeeoue
aiae iaaeaaiai/ieo eaae?ia, ?iaiy ?o oai?aoe/ii? i i?ioanieii?
iiaeaioiaee. O Aea?aeaaiie i?ia?aii «Inaioa. (Oe?a?ia OOI noieiooy)»
iiaee?aneth?oueny, ui yeinia iiaeaioiaea iaaeaaiai/ieo eaae?ia ?
iaeii?th c iniiaieo oiia iinooiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo i aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiai
noniieuenoaa.

Iacaaaeath/e ia neeaaeia aeiiiii/ia noaiiaeua, a Oe?a?ii aaaeaoueny
iaaia ?iaioa ii caa?aaeaiith iaoa?iaeueii-oaoii/ii? aace onoaiia inaioe,
aaeineiiaeaiith ?o ia?aaei e iieiioaiith iiaeaioiaee, iiaeai?o i
aeei?enoaiiy iaaeaaiai/ieo eaae?ia. ?acii c oei, aiaeic neooaoei?, ui
neeaeany, naiae/eoue i?i iayaiinoue i?ioe?i/ o nenoaii inaioe, cie?aia a
iaoaiicii oi?ioaaiiy neeaaeo iaaeaaiai/ieo eaae??a. Aiaecia/a?oueny
ianai?/ania oia?aaeaeoaaeueia ?aaeoeiy a ieaii i?i?ioaoei? ia yeinii
iiai ia?aoai?aiiy a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioeani, iacaaacia/aiiy iio?aa
o a/eoaeyo c aeuith inaioith c ?yaeo aeenoeeieii o nieuenueeeo ?aeiiao.
Iathoue iinoea cia/ii eaae?iai ao?aoe ia anio aoaiao ?o aiaeoai?aiiy. Ia
aenieiio ?iaii caeeoa?oueny ieeiiinoue i iia?aoeiy a/eoaeia.

Iayaiinoue i aeieeiaiiy cacia/aieo oa iioeo i?ioe?i/ cia/iith ii?ith
aeeeeeai? iaaeineiiaeinoth nenoaie aeii?ioanieii? iiaeaioiaee iaeaooiio
aaioo?i?ioia.

Niaoeeo?ea iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? iio?aao? ?aoaeueiiai a?aeai?o ?
i?aeaioiaee aa?oo???io?a, ye? ?icoi?thoue iniaeeaino? e o?oaeiiu?
i?ioan?? a/eoaey, aieiae?thoue eiiieaenii iaiao?aeieo i?ioan?eii
cia/oueo yeinoae. Iai?iaeoiaiee aea?? i?ioan?? i?ecaiaeeoue aei
ii?aeueiiai iacaaeiaieaiiy, iaaea? iaoa??aeueiiai ? nioe?aeueiiai caeoeo
aea?aeaa?.

O ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/iie oai?i? i i?aeoeoei ? iayai? caeiaooee c
i?iaeaie aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie aiaeoai?aiiy neeaaeo iaaeaaiai/ieo
eaae?ia. Oae, oeyoai iieiioaiiy iiaeaioiaee i aeei?enoaiiy
eaaeioieiaaieo o/eoaeuenueeeo eaae?ia i?enay/aii ?iaioe
A.I.Aiae?i?anueeiai, A.?.Aiiaea?y, I.A.Eaa/aiea, I.E.Eaaeoeueeiai,
I.?.Iaaea?a, A.E.Iaeai?iaee, I.A.Ii?ica, I.A.Ie/eaei, ?.I.I?aeeaniai,
A.O.Naa/aiei, A.?.I?ieii/oea, E.A.*a?eaoeia, I.A.*a?iiinueeiai,
I.O.ssaiiaiei oa ?i.

Ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/ii aniaeoe i?iaeaie, yea ?icaeyaea?oueny, ciaeoee
aiaeia?aaeaiiy a ioaeieaoeiyo N.O.Aii/a?aiea, E.I.Ao?aae/a,
A.I.Cii/aiea, I.A.Cycthia, A.I.Iaaeciaiia, TH.?.Iaeueiaaiiai,
A.O.Ii?aoia, I.I.I’yni?aea, I.I. Iaceiiaa, I.I.Iaaethoaieiaa,
I.O.Oiea?a, ?.I.Oiaethe, A.ss.Oaaei?eoeia, I.N.ssioeo?a. C
aeena?oaoeieieo aeineiaeaeaiue inoaiiio ?ieia, ui iathoue aaciina?aaei?
aiaeiioaiiy aei i?ioanieii-iaaeaaiai/ii? oai???, neiae iacaaoe iaoeiai
i?aoei E.E.Eiiiaaeiai?, I.I.Eaaaiueeiai, I.I.Iaaeaaaeaiea, E.E.?ieei,
N.A.Oaceeiai?, A.E.Oaaey?ai?. O aeena?oaoei? A.E.Oaaey?ai?, cie?aia,
iaa?oioiaaii oeyoe aoaeoeaii? i?aaiicaoei? aeiaocianueei? iiaeaioiaee a
oiiaao aacia?a?aii? iaaeaaiai/ii? inaioe.

Iaoeiai iiooee i?iaiaeyoueny a oeueiio iai?yio a ?inoeoooao ineoieiai?
oa iaaeaaiaiee AII Oe?a?ie; Ee?anueeiio, Iieoaanueeiio, Aeooianueeiio,
Oa?niinueeiio, *a?iiaianueeiio oa iioeo iaaeaaia?/ieo aocao Oe?a?ie.

I?ioa ia?aaaaeia aieueoinoue aeineiaeaeaiue, eio?? iathoue aiaeiioaiiy
aei aoaio aeiaocianueei? iiaeaioiaee, i?enay/aii ?icaeyaeo
i?aaiicaoeieieo aniaeoia i?iaeaie, a oaeiae oeyoia aaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoaiicio i?ioanieiiai aiaeai?o iaeaooiio aaioo?i?ioia iaaeaaiai/iiai
aoco. Iaaiee ?ioa?an a oeueiio ieai? noaiiaeyoue iaoeia? aei?iaee
aeeaeaeo?a-o/aieo o aaeoc? no?oeoo?oaaiiy ci?noo ina?oe i?e?iaeie/eo
aeenoeeie?i ?, ianaiia?aae, o?i?? oa a?ieia??. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe i?aoe?
I.N.Aoiaoiaa, I.I.Aa/einueeiai, I.I.Ao?einueei?, E.I.Aaee/ei,
I.I.Aine?anainueei?, O.A.Aeaaethe, ?.E.AEo?aaeueiaa, E.ss.Ci??ii?,
A.?.?eue/aiei, A.N. Eaeeiiai?, A.Ae.Eii?na?iaa, ?.ss.Ea?ia?a,
I.TH.Iaoyo, A.I.I’yaeiai?, ?.?.I?i/?ieiaa, A.A.Noaiaithe, TH.O?aeeiaa oa
?ioeo.

?acii c oei, cacia/ai? aeine?aeaeaiiy noinothoueny aieiaiei /eiii
caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee. A?aeiinii ae aeueo iaaeaaia?/ieo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a ?, cie?aia, aoaio aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee, oi iaoeiaeo
aei?iaie o oeueiio iai?yi? iaaeinoaoiuei.

Ia i?eiaiooth/e aianeo a/aieo-iaaeaaia?a o ?icaeoie nenoaie
a?aeoai?aiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a, ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui iei? a?aenooi?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aaeiaoii yeeo aoei a oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa
ai?iaaoe?y i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy
aoaio aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee aa?oo???io?a iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a.
Caeeoathoueny iaae??oaieie a iiaiiio ianyc? i?iaeaie i?ioa?aeai?o ?
i?ioaaeaioaoe?? iieiae? ia ??ai? oaeoeueoao?a aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee
a eiioaeno? eiie?aoieo iaaeaaia?/ieo niaoe?aeueiinoae. Ia a?aoiao?oueny
?o niaoeeo?ea a neeaae? aeiaoc?anueei? ina?oe, ia iaa?oioiaothoueny
iaoai?cie ia?aeiii? aaeaioaoe?? a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy iaeaooi?o
aa?oo???io?a.

Aeooaeuei?noue ? iaaeinoaoiy oai?aoe/ia oa i?aeoe/ia ?ic?iaeai?noue
aeaii? i?iaeaie aecia/eee aea?? oaie iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
“I?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? canaaee iaa/aiiy neooa/?a oaeoeueoaoo
aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee (ia iaoa??ae? aeenoeeie?i i?e?iaeie/iai
oeeeeo)”.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aia oaia
aoiaeeoue aei oaiaoe/iiai ieaio iaoeiai? ?iaioe Oa?niinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca iai?yiii “I?aeaioiaea
a/eoaey no/anii? oeiee”.

Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy: ae?yeuei?noue oaeoeueoaoo aeiaoc?anueei?
i?aeaioiaee aa?oo???io?a aeuiai iaaeaaia?/iiai caeeaaeo ina?oe.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy: i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? canaaee
i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aiiy ia oaeoeueoao? aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee aeuiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai caeeaaeo (ia iaoa??aeao i?e?iaeie/iai a?aeae?eaiiy).

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? oa
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ia?aa??oe? i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? iaa/aiiy neooa/?a o iaaeao oaeoeueoaoo
aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee aeuiai iaaeaaia?/iiai caeeaaeo (ia iaoa??aeao
i?e?iaeie/iai a?aeae?eaiiy).

Eiioeaiooaeuei? ?aea? aeine?aeaeaiiy. C?inoaiiy ?ie? iaaeaaia?/ieo
eaae??a o iinooiaeueiiio nioe?aeueiiio e aeiiii?/iiio ?icaeoeia?
noni?euenoaa aeiaaa? aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie ?o a?aeoai?aiiy ?, cie?aia,
aaeineiiaeaiiy aeiaoc?anueeiai aoaio i?aeaioiaee. Aoaeoeaia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy inoaiiueiai iiaeeeaa ca oiiae ?aae?caoe?? i?eioeei?a
aacia?a?aiino?, ianooiiino? oa oe?e?niino? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai
i?ioeano, a oaeiae iayaiino? iaoeiaiai iaoai?cio i?ioan?eiiai i?aeai?o
aa?oo???io?a acaaae? oa a ?ic??c? eiie?aoieo niaoe?aeueiinoae.

A?oiooth/enue ia iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiiyo iaaeaaia?/ieo
eiioeaioe?e ?icaeoeo ina?oe oa iniiaieo i?eioeeiao iaoe?iiaeueii?
nenoaie i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a, aaaaea?ii, ui iaei??th c
iaea?eueo aeioe?eueieo oi?i caeo/aiiy iieiae? aei iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ioan??
? oaeoeueoaoe aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee. ?o ooieoe?iioaaiiy
caaacia/o?oueny iaa?oioiaai?noth i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo canaae ia
i?eioeeiao aoiai?caoe??, aoiai?oa?ecaoe??, ia?aaeaa/aiiyi iio?aa
caao?aoiueiai aeiy, a?aooaaiiyi ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae
neooa/?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy eiioeaioe?? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o ?iai/?e
a?iioac? aeine?aeaeaiiy, oeyoao oa niiniaao ae??oaiiy ie?aneaii? iaoe oa
caaaeaiue aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy.

1. Cae?enieoe iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/iee aiae?c i?iaeaie a oai??? oa
i?aeoeoe?.

2. Aeyaeoe /eiieee i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? iaa/aiiy neooa/?a oaeoeueoaoo
aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee.

3. ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o iaeaooi?o aa?oo???io?a (ia
iaoa??aeao i?e?iaeie/iai a?aeae?eaiiy).

4. Iaa?oiooaaoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeeaeaeoe/i? oiiae, ye? caaacia/othoue iaeaaeiee ??aaiue
i?aeaioiaee neooa/?a i?e?iaeie/iai a?aeae?eaiiy OAeI aei anooio aei
iaaeaaia?/iiai caeeaaeo.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?aea? eeanee?a o?einio?? ?
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe i?i aeeiai?eo ? ?icaeoie nioe?aeueieo
i?ioean?a, aea?aeaai? aeieoiaioe i?i iaoe?iiaeueio ina?oo a Oe?a?i? oa
ia?niaeoeae ?? ?icaoaeiae.

Iaaia cia/aiiy aeey aea/aiiy i?ioeano, ui aeine?aeaeo?oueny, iathoue
ae?aeaeoe/i? eaoaai??? iaiao?aeiino? oa aeiaaeeiaino?, caaaeueiiai ?
/anoeiaiai. Aoaeue-yea i?ciaiiy ia?aaeaa/a? ona?aeiieaiiy aioo??oi?o
ci?i ia’?eoa a eiai aca?iiae?? c iaaeieeoi?i na?aaeiaeuai. I?e oeueiio
i?eoiaai? iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? ia?aoiaeo ?a/ae aei ye?nii iiaiai
noaio ?niothoue o aeaeyae? oaiaeaioe?e ?o ?icaeoeo ? ?aae?cothoueny
iiaiith i??ith o?eueee ca iayai?noth iaiao?aeieo oiia.

Iiaenoaaith aeey yeiniiai ooieoeiiioaaiiy aoaio aeiaocianueei?
iiaeaioiaee ? i?eioeeie, yei aecia/athoue no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeiiiaeueii
oa?aeoa?enoeee nenoaie iaaeaaiai/ii? inaioe acaaaei. Ia?aaeonii oea
aeaoa?iiiiaaiinoue iaoe aeoiaaiiy i iaa/aiiy noniieueieie iio?aaaie,
caeaaeiinoue ?acoeueoaoia iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano aiae oiia, a
yeeo aii i?ioiaeeoue. ?ic?iaeo i?aaiicaoeieii-aeeaeaeoe/iiai
caaacia/aiiy nenoaie aeiaocianueei? iiaeaioiaee neiae caeienithaaoe c
iiceoeie nenoaiii-eiiieaeniiai iiaeoiaeo, ye neeaaeiiai oeieiniiai
ia’?eoa c i?eoaiaiiei eiio ?icia?ooyi aaaaoiii?yaeeiaeo ca’yceia oa
aca?iicaeaaeiinoae.

Iaoiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy. C iaoith caaacia/aiiy aeinoiai?iinoi iniiaieo
iieiaeaiue i aeniiaeia aeineiaeaeaiiy aoei aeei?enoaii eiiieaen
oai?aoe/ieo oa aiii?e/ieo iaoiaeia, eio?? aiaeiiaiaeaee eiai iaoi e
caaaeaiiyi: oai?aoe/iee aiaeic iaoeiaeo aeaea?ae; aea/aiiy ii?iaoeaieo
aeieoiaioia, oeieueii? oa aocianueei? aeieoiaioaoei?; iiaeeaiaeoaeueii i
a?oiia? aaniaee; niinoa?aaeaiiy; yeiniee aiaeic ?acoeueoaoia
iaaeaaiai/iiai aenia?eiaioo; aea/aiiy oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ia?aaeiaiai
aeinaiaeo c i?iaeaie; niianoaaeaiiy i nenoaiaoecaoeiy iaea?aeaieo
aeaieo; iiaeaethaaiiy.

O?aoiaoth/e iaiaoiaeiinoue ioiieaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiyi oe?ieiai caaaeo
o/iia ?icieo oeiia iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeia aeiaocianueeiai aoaio
iaaeaaiai/ii? inaioe, a/eoaeia na?aaeiio oeie, aeeeaaea/ia aocia, a
oaeiae nooaeaioia ia?oeo eo?nia iaaeaaiai/ieo iinoeoooia (anueiai
aeecueei 2000 in?a), oe?iei aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aieaoe, iaoiaee
aenia?oece.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy ioiieth? ia?iiae c 1992-1998 ??. i i?iaiaeeeinue a
aeaeieueea aoaiia, ia eiaeiiio c yeeo caeaaeii aiae caaaeaiue,
canoiniaoaaeenue niaoe?aeuei? iaoiaee oa i?eeiie.

Ia ia?oiio – aeiaaiinoe/iiio (1992-1993 ??.) aea/aany noai i?iaeaie
iiaeaioiaee neooa/ia ?icieo oi?i aeiaocianueeiai aoaio iaaeaaiai/ii?
inaioe ca niaoeiaeueiinoyie i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo. C’yniaoaaeenue
iayai? i?ioe?i//y a nenoaii iiaeaioiaee iaeaooiio aaioo?i?ioia.

Ia i?iaiinoe/iiio aoaii aeineiaeaeaiiy aoei ?ic?iaeaii ?icai?iooo
i?ia?aio iaaeaaiai/iiai aenia?eiaioo, aecia/aii oeiei, caaaeaiiy i
aieiaii iai?yie ?? i?iaaaeaiiy; i?iaiicoaaeenue i/ieoaaii ?acoeueoaoe, a
oaeiae aeaea?aea eiiiainaoei? iiaeeeaeo iaaaoeaieo ianeiaeeia
aenia?eiaioo.

Ia o?aoueiio – i?aaiicaoeieiiio aoaii (1993-1994 ??.) iniiaio oaaao aoei
i?eaeieaii iaa?oiooaaiith i iiaeai?o aiaeiiaiaeiiai
iaoa?iaeueii-oaoii/iiai, oiiainiaiai i aeeaeaeoeei-iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy. Aoei ie?aneaii oi?ie i iaoiaee aenia?eiaioo
(iioa?a’thaaiiy, aieaooaaiiy, niiaaaniaea oa ii.), a oaeiae nenoaia
ioeiithaaeueieo e?eoa?i?a aoaeoeaiinoi eiai ?acoeueoaoia, aecia/aii
eiio?ieueii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii a?oie neooa/ia OAeI.

Ia i?aeoe/iiio – /aoaa?oiio aoaii (1994-1997 ??.) – caeienithaaany
iaaeaaiai/iee aenia?eiaio, ui iieyaaa o iaa?oiooaaiii oa ia?aai?oei
iaeaieueo aoaeoeaieo i?aaiicaoeieieo i aeeaeaeoe/ieo oiia iaa/aiiy
neooa/ia oaeoeueoaoo aeiaocianueei? iiaeaioiaee c i?e?iaeie/eo
aeenoeeieii. C oe??th iaoith i?iaiaeeeenue aeoiaeii c?ice ciaiue,
iiia?aaei? oanooaaiiy oa aieaooaaiiy, ui aeicaieeei ?aaeicoaaoe iiai
iiaeoiaee aei iiaeaioiaee neooa/ia c oiii? oa aiieiai?, ai?iaoaaoe
aaoi?nuee? iaa/aeueii i?ia?aie c aeaieo i?aaeiaoia. Iaea?aeai?
?acoeueoaoe iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano ca aenia?eiaioaeueieie i?ia?aiaie c
eo?no aiieiai? oa oiii?, oaeoeueoaoeao c iiiioi?eiao iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua aiae?coaaeenue ? ii??aithaaeenue, aiineeenue iaiaoiaeii
ciiie i ei?aeoeae. Aoea ai?iaiaaia iaoiaeeea i?ieiiaiaaiiai i?ioanieiiai
aiaeai?o neooa/ia OAeI – iaeaooiio aa?oo???io?a i?e?iaeie/iai
oaeoeueoaoo iaaeaaiai/iiai caeeaaeo, ni?anoaaeyeenue ?acoeueoaoe i
oeiiai iiieeee anooiieo aecaiaiia. Ii?iaiyeueiiio aiaeico iiaeaeaaaeenue
?acoeueoaoe ia?oi? (ceiiai?) nani? c aeenoeeieii i?e?iaeie/iai oeeeeo oa
no?ee?noue i?ioan?eieo iai???a nooaeaioia – aeioneieeia OAeI i
aeioneieeia caaaeueiiinaioiio oeie, yei ia i?ieoee aoaio aeiaocianueei?
iiaeaioiaee. Iaea?aeaii aeaii aeicaieeee iiaeaanoe iiaenoiee
aenia?eiaioo, iienaoe oiae i caaaeuei? aeniiaee aeineiaeaeaiiy,
?ic?iaeoe ?aeiiaiaeaoei? c i?ioanieiiai aiaeai?o oa aaeaioaoei? neooa/ia
oaeoeueoaoo aeiaocianueei? iiaeaioiaee i?e?iaeie/iai aiaeaeieaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo
? i?aeoe/ieo canaae ae?yeueiino? oaeoeueoaoo aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee
iaaeaaia?/iiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo, a naia: ?ic?iaoe? nenoaie
i?ieiiaiaaiiai i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o neooa/?a, aeeaeaeoe/iiai
caaacia/aiiy iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano iaeaooi?o aa?oo???io?a
i?e?iaeie/iai a?aeae?eaiiy ia iniia? i?iaiinoe/ii ciiaeaeueiaaieo iaoe,
ci?noo, iaoiae?a oa i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i iaa/aiiy.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy: a aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaii
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae iaa/aiiy neooa/?a aeiaoc?anueeiai
aoaio i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a; ie?aneaii iaoiaeieia?/i?
ia?aaeoiiae aeia?aaeaeoaaeueiiai aecia/aiiy iaoe, ci?noo iaa/aiiy ia
OAeI oa cania?a ?o ?aae?caoe??; ?ic?iaeaii aa??aio oeiiai? iiaeae?
a/eoaey i?e?iaeie/eo aeenoeeie?i.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia iniia? oai?aoe/ieo ocaaaeueiaiue ?
aeniiae?a ?ic?iaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? aeiaoc?anueeiai aoaio i?aeaioiaee
iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a, noai?aii no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueio iiaeaeue
i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aiiy ia OAeI, ?ic?iaeaii iaa/aeuei? i?ia?aie c a?ieia??
oa o?i?? a?aeiia?aeii aei no/anieo aeinyaiaiue o aaeoc? i?e?iaeie/eo ?
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, iiaeeo?eiaaii caaaeueiiineoieia?/i?
iaoiaee i?ioae?aaiinoeee ? i?ioa?aeai?o, iaa?oioiaaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii
eiiieaen caoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia aaeineiiaeaiiy aaeaioaoe?? iaeaooi?o
aa?oo???io?a uiaei iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino? a iaaeao OAeI.

Iniaenoei aianeii aaoi?a ? aecia/aiiy i?ia?aeieo oaiaeaioe?e a nenoai?
aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a oa /eiiee?a oi?ioaaiiy
neeaaeo neooa/?a OAeI; ?ic?iaea nenoaie i?ioa?aeai?o aa?oo???io?a aei
i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo; iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ia?aa??ea nenoaie
aeeaeaeoeei-iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy iaa/aiiy neooa/?a i?e?iaeie/iai
a?aeae?eaiiy OAeI aeuiai iaaeaaia?/iiai caeeaaeo.

A??ia?aei?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ? aeniiae?a caaacia/o?oueny
iaoiaeieia?/iei ? oai?aoe/iei iaa?oiooaaiiyi aeo?aeieo iieiaeaiue,
iii?ith ia no/ani? aeinyaiaiiy oai??? iaaeaaia?ee oa ineoieia??,
a?aooaaiiyi aeaieo ia?aaeiaiai iaaeaaia?/iiai aeina?aeo, aeei?enoaiiyi
eiiieaeno aca?iiaeiiiaithaaeueieo iaoiae?a ? i?eeii?a, aaeaeaaoieo
i?aaeiaoo, iao? ? caaaeaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy; ye?niei aiae?cii
oai?aoe/iiai oa aii??e/iiai iaoa??aeo; aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueiith
ia?aa??eith aenoiooi? a?iioace ? oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue oa iaaiai?thaaeenue o Oa?niinueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ia can?aeaiiyo oa
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia?ao eaoaae? iaaeaaia?ee, iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy
a?ieia??, o?i??, aeaeaiaoao oaeoeueoaoo aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee
(1993-1997); ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo: i?aeaoc?anuee?e
iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie i?aeaioiaee
a/eoaey”(Oa?nii, 1992); I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Iieiaeue. I?aoey. I?ioan?y” (Oa?nii, 1993): iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? ineoieiai-i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo “Na?aaeiy oeiea,
iaaeaoc oa iiaa oe?eueia i?ia?aia c a?ieia??” (Oa?nii, 1997);
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie
?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii? ina?oe” (Ee?a-Oa?nii, 1997); I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Oai?aoe/aneea e iaoiaee/aneea iniiau
oi?ie?iaaiey eoeueoo?u nooaeai/aneie e o/aie/aneie iieiaeaaee” (Ee?a,
1997); I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaaeaaia?/ia
i?aeoeea ? o?einio?y ina?oe” (Iieoaaa, 1997); Anaoe?a?inuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noaiiaeaiiy iniaenoino? a/eoaey
a?ieia?? a i?ioean? aeui? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe” (Ee?a, 1998).

Oai?aoe/i? iaoa??aee, iaoeia? aeniiaee oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe aoei
aeei?enoaii o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy neooa/?a oaeoeueoao?a aeiaoc?anueei?
i?aeaioiaee, i?aeaioia/eo a?aeae?eaiue Ieeiea?anueeiai ?inoeoooo,
Oa?niinueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oa N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoao?a.

Iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c i?aeaioiaee aa?oo???io?a aei anooio a
iaaeaaia?/i? aeu? iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee aei i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo
ciaeoee nai? canoinoaaiiy a i?io?eueieo eeanao niaoe?ae?ciaaieo oe?e ?
30, ? 36 i. Oa?niia; a ?iaio? ?aeiiieo o?e?e Oeaio?o aeiaoc?anueei?
i?aeaioiaee Oa?niinueeiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aei?iaie aaoi?a neeaaea? 15 ioae?eaoe?e, c ieo: 6 noaoae o i?ia?aeieo
oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, 7 – o iaoa??aeao iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?e, 1
iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, 1 i?ia?aia.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, aeaio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a ca ?icae?eaie, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? – 231 noi??iie
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, c ieo iniiaiiai oaenoo – 181 noi??iie. O
aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoaii 210 e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae a?o/eciyieo ?
ca?oa?aeieo aaoi??a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??.

O ANOOI? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aeeeaaeaii noai ?ic?iaeaiino?
aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie, aecia/aii ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo,
noi?ioeueiaaii eiioeaioe?th, a?iioaco ? caaea/?, ?ice?eoi
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae, iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ie?aneaii eiai
iaoeiao iiaecio, oai?aoe/ia e i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, iniaenoee aianie
caeiaoaa/a, a??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaaaaeaii a?aeiiino?
uiaei ?o ai?iaaoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

O IA?OIIO ?ICAe?E? “Oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy”
i?iaiae?ciaaii noai i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a ia aeiaoc?anueeiio
aoai? a oai??? oa i?aeoeoe? ?iaioe aeui? oeiee, aecia/aii /eiieee
oi?ioaaiiy eiioeiaaioo iaeaooi?o aa?oo???io?a ye iaei??? c ia?aaeoiia
ye?nii? ?o i?aeaioiaee aei anooio o iaaeaaia?/iee aoc, ?ice?eoa i?iaeaia
iaa?oiooaaiiy ci?noo i?e?iaeie/i? ina?oe ia OAeI o na?oe? no/anieo
aeiia, i?iaiae?ciaaii no/ani? i?aeoiaee aei iiaoaeiae i?e?iaeie/i?
ina?oe oa iniiai? iai?yie oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a a?ieia??
oa o?i??.

I?iaeaia i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a ciaeoea oe?iea aena?oeaiiy a
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??. ?? ?ica’ycaiiy aaa/a?oueny o
caaacia/aii? aacia?a?aiiai, oe?e?niiai i?ioan?eii-iniaeno?niiai ?icaeoeo
a/eoaey ia aoaiao aeiaoc?anueei? (A.I.Aoeieia, I.E.Aii/a?oe,
A.I.AEiaoay, N.?.Eaca/aiei, E.E.Eiiiaaeiaa, A.I.Aoeieia, I.?.Eaaaiueeee,
A.O.Eeiaiei, I.I.Iaaeaaaeaiei, E.E.?ieei, A.I.Nieiiaoi, N.A.Oaceeiaa,
E.A.Oaaeioiaa, ?.?.Oiaethe, A.E.Oaaey?aa), aaciai? i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee (N.?.A?oaiaaeuenueeee, A.I.Aaciaeueei, I.I.Aa?aeoeueeee,
I.?.Aeaaoy?ueiaa, ?.E.AEo?aaeueia, E.ss.Ci??ia, I.?.Eiaaeaiei,
A.A.E?a?anueeee, A.N.Eaaeiueia, ?.ss.Ea?ia?, A.?.I?ieii/oe,
A.I.Neanoueii?i, TH.A.Oaoo?, Ae.A.*a?ieeaanueeee, I.E.O?eaoia,
I.?.ssieaae/) oa i?neyaoc?anueeiai eiai noaiiaeaiiy (A.C.Ae?aaeiaa,
A.Aae?ai?a, I.I.AEeeueoeia, A.I.E?aioeueeee, A.Ieoaeueeaae/,
A.?.Iaia??i, ?.I.I?aeeanee, N.O?eiieuenueea, N.?. Iiaeiac?i,
E.I.Iooianueea).

O aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaaii oai??th oa i?aeoeeo ae?yeueiino?
aeiaoc?anueeeo oi?i i?aeaioiaee aa?oo???io?a, iaoai?cie ?o i?ioan?eiiai
a?aeai?o a iaaeaaia?/i? iaa/aeuei? caeeaaee. C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui,
iacaaaeath/e ia cia/io e?euee?noue aei?iaie c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie,
aei oeueiai /ano a?aenooi? iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai?
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae i?aeaioiaee neooa/?a aei oaoiaeo
aei?iaoaaiue.

O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiaaaeaia iaiao?aei?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy
niaoeiaeueieo oaeoeueoao?a, ye? a ca nai?th i?aai?caoe?eiith no?oeoo?ith
? ci?noii ?iaioe iaee iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeainoi caaacia/aiiy ia oieueee
iaiaoiaeiiai ?iaiy ciaiue neooa/?a, a e oeieani?yiiaaiiai ?o
i?ioaiaeai?o oa ia?aeiii? aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia aeui? oeiee. Oaeei
aeiiaai a iiai?e i??? caaeiaieueiythoue oaeoeueoaoe aeiaoc?anueei?
i?aeaioiaee.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia ye?noue i?aeaioiaee neooa/?a aieeaa? eiiieaen
/eiiee?a oa noiooi?o ianoaaei. Iaea?eueo nooo?aeie c ieo aeyaeeenue ia?o
ca ana aoaeoeai?noue iaoai?cio eiiieaeooaaiiy eiioeiaaioo neooa/?a,
iayai?noue iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii? nenoaie oe?eae, ci?noo, iaoiae?a oa
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i iaa/aiiy, ??aaiue eaae?iai? ?
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? caaacia/aiino? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano.

C /enea /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy neeaaeo neooa/?a,
i?ia?aeieie ? i?eaaaeea?noue iaaeaaia?/ii? i?ioan??, ?? nioe?aeueiee
i?anoeae, iaoa??aeueiee noaoon a/eoaey, oiiae eiai i?aoe?, ii?aeueia
caaeiaieai?noue nai?th ae?yeuei?noth, iiaeeea?noue i?ioan?eiiai c?inoo.
Iaiaeiaaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? iayai?noue /?oeiai, iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaiiai
iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy a?aeoai?aiiyi eaae?iaiai iioaioe?aeo, yeee
ia?aaeaa/a? iiaio oa ia’?eoeaio ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ??aaiue caaacia/aiino?
?aa?iio eaae?o?eiaaieie eaae?aie, iio?aae o iaaeaaiaao eiie?aoii?
niaoe?ae?caoe??, aeaiia?ao?/io neooaoe?th, iayai?noue ?ioeo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a, noai ? ?icaeoie oe?eueii? ia?aae? oiui.

O aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaii ia’?eoeaio iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee
niaoe?aeueieo iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai aeey OAeI, nenoaiaoe/iiai ia?aaeyaeo
ci?noo ina?oe, a oiio /ene? ? i?e?iaeie/i?.

Cia/ia i?noea a ?iaio? a?aeaaaeaii aiae?co no/anieo i?aeoiae?a aei
iiaoaeiae i?e?iaeie/i? ina?oe. ?icaeyiooi aei?iaee a?o/eciyieo oa
ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo-iaaeaaia?a c ieoaiiy a?aeai?o ? no?oeoo?oaaiiy ci?noo
a?ieia?/ii? oa o?i?/ii? i?aeaioiaee. Oea aeicaieeei aeyaeoe oaiaeaioe??
?icaeoeo no/anii? i?e?iaeie/i? ina?oe, ui i?iyaey?oueny a
aoiai?oa?ecaoe??, ?ioaa?aoe?? oa aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? iaa/aiiy. ?o
?aae?caoe?y ia? ia iao? oi?ioaaiiy oai?/i? iniaenoino? ye oiiae ?
?acoeueoaoo iiaiioe?iiiai iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano.

O aeaa? iieacaia iaiao?aei?noue iiaoaeiae iaoe oa caaaeaiue ci?noo
ina?oe ia iniia? ae?yeuei?nii-ae?aaiinoe/iiai i?aeoiaeo, ui aeicaiey?
i?iaiinoe/ia ?o iiaeaethaaiiy o aeaeyae? eiiieaeno ciaiue oa ai?iue.
A?aea?? ci?noo aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe oeyoii ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
ii?aeiaiiy oaeniiii?/ieo ? ooiaeaiaioaeueieo aeenoeeie?i a?aeiia?aeieo
iaoe ia i?eioeei? aeaaeoeoeaiino? c o?aooaaiiyi ci?noiaieo ??ai?a. Oaea
no?oeoo?a caaacia/o? oe?e?nia ni?eeiyooy caeiiii??iinoae aeeai? i?e?iaee
oa ni?ey? oi?ioaaiith ?aeeii? iaoeiai-i?e?iaeie/i? ea?oeie na?oo.

O Ae?OAIIO ?ICAe?E? “Iioei?caoe?y i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia
iaa/aiiy neooa/?a oaeoeueoaoo aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee” aecia/aii
aeo?aei? iieiaeaiiy aoaeoeaii? i?aeaioiaee neooa/?a OAeI, ?ice?eoi
iaoai?ci i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o aa?oo???io?a i?e?iaeie/iai i?io?eth,
aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea ciiaeaeueiaaiiai ia iniia? i?iaiinoe/ieo
i?eioeei?a iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiai eiiieaeno oaeoeueoaoo aeiaoc?anueei?
i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/iiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo. Iaa?oioiaaii ci?no
iaa/aiiy iaeaooi?o aa?oo???io?a i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo, a oaeiae
aaeaeaaoi? eiio iaoiaee oa i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? neooa/?a, ie?aneaii oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy eaae?iaiai oa
aeeaeaeoeei-iaoiaee/iiai ?? caaacia/aiiy. O ?icae?e? aiae?cothoueny
iane?aeee aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaea?aeaieo
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe iaoeiai-iiooeiai? ?iaioe cana?ae/eee, ui ??aaiue i?aeaioiaee
aeioneiee?a OAeI aei anooio aei iaaeaaia?/iiai aoco coiiaeth?oueny: 1)
ye?noth iaai?o neooa/?a, ui i?iyaey?oueny a iayaiino? o ieo iaiao?aeieo
ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo oa iniaeno?nieo oa?aeoa?enoee; 2) iaa?oioiaai?noth
iaoe ? ci?noo ina?oe neooa/?a, o?ainoi?iiaaieo o iaa/aeuei? ieaie oa
iaa/aeuei? i?ia?aie, ui a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai anooiieo aei?iaoaaiue
ia eiie?aoi? niaoe?aeueiino?; 3) canoinoaaiiyi eiiieaeno iaoiae?a,
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i oa i?ia?aneaieo iaaeaaia?/ieo oaoiieia?e, ye?
aeoea?cothoue i?ciaaaeueio ae?yeuei?noue neooa/?a ? caaacia/othoue ?o
ia?aeiio aaeaioaoe?th aei oiia aeui? oeiee.

?ic?iaeaiee oa ia?aa??aiee a iaaeao oaeoeueoaoo aeiaoc?anueei?
i?aeaioiaee iaoai?ci i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o neooa/?a ia?aaeaa/a?
aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie oano?a oa neioaoe/ieo iaoiae?a, ui aeicaieythoue
noai?eoe oe?e?nia oyaeaiiy i?i aa?oo???ioa ye iniaeno?noue, oeyoii
aeeth/aiiy ?iaeea?aea a i?ciaiiy, ni?eeoaaiiy, i?aoeth oa oai?/?noue,
ye? iiaeaeththoue ie?ai? eiiiiiaioe i?ioan?eii? iaaeaaia?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, noai?aiiy i?iaeaiii-iaaeaaia?/ieo neooaoe?e oa ii??aiyiiy
iaea?aeaieo iieaciee?a oeiieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iniaenoino? (oa?aeoa?,
oaiia?aiaio, cae?aiino?, iioeaaoe?y, ooieoe?iiaeueia neiao??y aaeeeeo
i?aeoeue aieiaiiai iiceo oa ?i.) c iiaeaeeth a/eoaey, a iaoiio aeiaaeeo
c iaa?oioiaaiith aaoi?ii oeiiaith iiaeaeeth iniaenoino? a/eoaey
a?ieiai-o?i?/iiai i?io?eth.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui nioe?aeueia caiiaeaiiy, i?iaeoe
noaiaea?oo ina?oe oa niaoeeo?ea ooieoe?iioaaiiy OAeI ia?aaeaa/athoue
eiai ae?yeuei?noue o o?ueio aca?iiiia’ycaieo iai?yiao:

1. Canai?iiy neooa/aie nenoaie ciaiue c i?io?eueieo aeenoeeie?i ?
caaaeueieo iniia iaaeaaia?ee;

2. Aeyaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie iaaeaaia?/ii aaaeeeaeo noeeueiinoae e
cae?aiinoae.

3. Cae?eniaiiy ia?aeiii? aaeaioaoe?? neooa/?a aei oiia aeui? oeiee.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii aa??aioe iaa/aeueiiai ieaio oa i?ia?ai c
i?e?iaeie/eo aeenoeeie?i, iiaoaeiaaieo ia i?eioeeiao iaoeiaino?,
o?aooaaiiy i?aei?aaeiaoieo ca’yce?a, eia?ee aeeeaaeaiiy iaoa??aeo o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ina?oi?o noaiaea?o?a ? i?ioan?ia?aie a/eoaey.

Ieaie oa iaa/aeuei? i?ia?aie o?eueee oiae? oni?oii aeeiiothoue nai?
ooieoe??, eiee ?o ci?no nenoaiaoe/ii ? c iaaiei aeia?aaeaeoaaiiyi
aaeaioo?oueny aei nioe?aeueiiai caiiaeaiiy, a?aoiao? i?ia?aneai?
oaiaeaioe?? o ?icaeoeo eiie?aoieo iaoeiaeo aeenoeeie?i .

Aeoiaey/e c eia?ee ae?yeuei?niiai i?aeoiaeo, i?aai?caoe?y aeieo
oaoiieia?? aeaoa?i?io? aecia/aiiy aaeaeaaoieo iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy ? noai
ea?oaaiiy i?ciaaaeueiith ae?yeueiinoth neooa/?a, iioeiaeueieo
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i oa ii?iaoeaii-aeeaeaeoe/iiai caaacia/aiiy.

I?ioean i?aeaioiaee neooa/?a ia?aaeaa/a? aaiethoe?eiee ?icaeoie
iioeaaoe?eii? iniiae a ?o i?ciaaaeuei?e ae?yeueiino? c ia?oiai ??aiy
canai?iiy aei o?aoueiai, c ia?aeaeueiei ia?aoiaeii a?ae ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo
aei i?iaeoeoeaieo iaoiae?a i?ciaiiy.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy ie?aneaii iioeiaeuei? i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie
iaa/aiiy ia aeiaoc?anueeiio aoai?. Aeey ia?aa??ee ??aiy canai?iiy
neooa/aie iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo oa ??aiy ona?aeiieaiiy canai?ieo ieie
ai?iue iaea?eueo ae?eiaeie aeyaeeenue oae?, ye cae?e, eo?nia? ?iaioe,
caoeno aeeiiaiiai ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai caaaeaiiy (?aoa?aoe, aeiiia?aeue)
oa aecaiai. Aeey iie?ioaiiy yeino? iaa/aiiy oa aaeaioaoe?? iaeaooi?o
aa?oo???io?a aei aeuiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo iiaeeeaa i?aai?caoe?y
ceiiai? oa aaniyii? nan?e.

O aeena?oaoe?? cae?eniaii aiae?c eaae?iaiai ? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano ia OAeI ye iaei??? c ia?aaeoiia
oni?oii? ?aae?caoe?? ina?oi?o oa aaeaioaoe?eieo caaaeaiue
aeiaoc?anueeiai aoaio iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe. Iniaeea?noue ae?yeueiino?
oaeoeueoaoo aeiaaa? niaoe?aeueiiai aeiai?o aeeeaaea/?a, ui aieiae?thoue
iaiao?aeiith ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iith i?aeaioiaeith, ai?iiyi
i?aai?ciaoaaoe oaaao neooa/?a, aeeeeeaoe i?ciaaaeueiee ?ioa?an oa
aioiai?noue aei aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue, eii?aeeioaaoe ae?yeuei?noue
neooa/?a, aeei?enoiaoaaoe i?eeiie aeoea?caoe?? ?icoiiai? ae?yeueiino?,
i?aai?/ii ii?aeioaaoe o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? oaoi?/i? caniae iaa/aiiy
oa AII. C oe??th iaoith aeioe?eueia i?aai?caoe?y ei?ioeino?ieiaeo eo?n?a
aeey i?aoethth/eo ia OAeI aeeeaaea/?a c ianooiiith ?o aoanoaoe??th.

Iiooeoaa/ai ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio ii?iaoeaiiai aeeaeaeoeei-iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy aeeeaaeaiiy aeenoeeie?i i?e?iaeie/iai oeeeeo ia oaeoeueoao?
aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe. Aeiaaaeaii
iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy oaoi?/iiai oeaio?o OAeI ye neeaaeiaiai aeaiaioo
no?oeoo?e aeuiai iaa/aeueiiai caeeaaeo.

Iaoai?ci aenia?eiaioaeueii? ia?aa??ee aoaeoeaiino?
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia i?aeaioiaee neooa/?a ia?aaeaa/aa
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ianyao na?aeiiiai canai?iiy ciaiue c i?io?eueieo
aeenoeeie?i; ??aiy eia?/iiai ieneaiiy; no?eeino? i?ioan?eieo iai???a;
?acoeueoao?a iaa/aiiy o aoc?; iieaciee?a aeoeaiino? o
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieoeuee?e ?iaio? oa a?iiaaenuee?e ae?yeueiino? o
aa?oo???io?a (nooaeaio?a) aeaio eaoaai??e – aeioneiee?a OAeI oa
anooiiee?a ia caaaeueieo i?aenoaaao.

Ca oiiaaie aenia?eiaioo a?oia neooa/?a (25 /ie.) iaa/aeanue ca
aaoi?nueeeie i?ia?aiaie, caoaa?aeaeaiith a?aeiia?aeieie eaoaae?aie
Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. Ae?eia?noue i?ia?ai
ia?aa??yeanue ca ??aiai canai?iiy niaoe?aeueieo ciaiue oa ai?iue
(a?ieia?/ieo oa o?i?/ieo), ??aiai noi?iiaaiino? eia?/iiai ieneaiiy,
?acoeueoaoaie anooiieo aei?iaoaaiue. Iiaia ii??aiyiiy ca iieacieeaie
aoei iiaeeeaa o?eueee ii/eiath/e c aoaio anooiieo ?nieo?a, aea
eiio?ieueiith a?oiith aoee aa?oo???ioe, ui anooiaee aei aoco ia
caaaeueieo i?aenoaaao.

Ia eiinoaooth/iio aoai? eiio?ieuei? ?iaioe i?iaiaeeeenue ia
?ai?iaeoeoeaiiio, aeai?eoi?/iiio oa i?iaeoeoeaiiio ??aiyo, ui
ioiiethaaee iniiai? oaie oe?eueieo eo?n?a a?ieia?? oa o?i?? (oaae. 1.).
Aiaeia?/i? eiio?ieuei? c??ce c oaoiaeo aeenoeeie?i i?iaiaeeeenue ?
iai?ee?ioe? iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo aeey ii??aiyiiy ci?i, ye? a?aeaoeeny o
ciaiiyo neooa/?a i?ae /an iaa/aiiy ca aaoi?nueeeie i?ia?aiaie.

Oaaeeoey 1.

Aeeiai?ea ??ai?a canai?iiy neooa/aie iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo c eo?n?a
a?ieia?? o? o?i??

(1994-1996 iaa/. ??.), %.

Eiio?.

c??ce?iee iaa/aiiyEiio?ieueia ?iaioa c a?ieia??Eiio?ieueia ?iaioa c
o?i??A?aenioie a??ieo a?aeiia?aeaeA?aenioie a??ieo
a?aeiia?aeaeEAEAEAEAEAEA1 ieoaiiy2 ieoaiiy3 ieoaiiy1 ieoaiiy2 ieoaiiy3
ieoaiiyanooiiee

aeo?aeiee1994-199572

9070

9870

8270

9624

2622

5260

7862

9662

8062

9622

3424

54anooiiee

aeo?aeiee1995-199668

8868

9670

8472

9628

3226

6058

9058

9860

8062

9626

3226

60

E– eiio?ieueia a?oia; A – aenia?eiaioaeueia a?oia.

Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iaea?aeaieo aeaieo iieaco?, ui iaa/aiiy ca
aenia?eiaioaeueieie i?ia?aiaie c eo?n?a a?ieia?? oa o?i?? aeicaieeei
cia/ii i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue canai?iiy iaoa??aeo (ca?eueoeany a?aenioie
aeeiiaiiy oai?/eo caaaeaiue).

1993 ?. 1994 ?.

1995 ?. 1996 ?.

caaaeueia e?euee?noue aa?oo???io?a

aa?oo???ioe c /enea neooa/?a OAeI

e?euee?noue neooa/?a OAeI, ye? neeaee ia “4” ? “5” anooiiee aecaiai c
a?ieia??

e?euee?noue aa?oo???io?a caaaeueii? eaoaai???, ye? neeaee ia “4” ? “5”
anooiiee aecaiai c a?ieia??

e?euee?noue neooa/?a, ye? neeaee ia “4” ? “5” anooiiee aecaiai c o?i??

e?euee?noue aa?oo???io?a caaaeueii? eaoaai???, ye? neeaee ia “4” ? “5”
anooiiee aecaiai c o?i??

?en. 1. ?acoeueoaoe anooiieo ?nieo?a, ui neeaaeaee aa?oo???ioe
ineoieiai-i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo (niaoe. «A?ieia?y-o?i?y») ia
caaaeueieo i?aenoaaao oa c /enea neooa/?a OAeI OAeIO

Nooi?iue ?icaeoeo eia?/iiai ieneaiiy iaeaooi?o aa?oo???io?a
aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie ioe?ithaaany ca iieacieeaie oe?e?niiai
ni?eeiyooy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo; na?aeiiiai canai?iiy noi?iiaaieo
iiiyoue; ai?iiyi aecia/aoe iniiaia ? ae?oai?yaeia. Aeyaeaiiy ?o i?iyao
cae?enithaaeinue ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie eia?/ieo caaea/,
naiiioe?ithaaiiy, eiiieaeno oano?a i?ioeaaeo? oiui. Ia?aaaaeia
a?eueo?noue neooa/?a a?aeiia?aeaea na?aaeiueiio oa aenieiio ??aiyi
?icaeoeo eia?/iiai ieneaiiy. Oea i?aeoaa?aeeee ?acoeueoaoe anooiieo
aecaiai?a. sse aeaeii c ?en. 1, ieoiia aaaa aeioneiee?a OAeI, ye? neeaee
anooii? ?nieoe c o?i?? oa a?ieia?? ia “4”? “5”, ia 10-20% aeua a
ii??aiyii? c aa?oo???ioaie ia caaaeueieo i?aenoaaao.

Iiaeaeueoa a?aenoaaeoaaiiy oni?oiino? iaa/aiiy aeioneiee?a OAeI
i?iaiaeeeiny i?ae /an ia?oi? (ceiiai?) nan??. I?ioyaii 4-o iaa/aeueieo
?ie?a (1993 – 1997??.) ieoiia aaaa /enea nooaeaio?a 1-ai eo?no
i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo OAeI?, aeioneiee?a OAeI, neeaee aecaiaie c?
niaoe?aeueieo aeenoeeie?i cia/ii e?aua o ii??aiyii? c ia?oieo?nieeaie,
ui anooieee ia oiiaao caaaeueiiai eiieo?no. Oae, o 1993/94 iaa/. ?ioe? –
28% nooaeaio?a, aeioneiee?a OAeI, iaea?aeaee “4” ? “5” i?ioe 8% c /enea
nooaeaio?a ia caaaeueieo i?aenoaaao; o 1994/95 iaa/. ?ioe? –
a?aeiia?aeii 22% oa 20%; o 1995/96 – 30% ? 25%; o 1996/97 iaa/. ?ioe? –
50% ? 30%.

Aecia/aiiy no?eeino? i?ioan?eieo iai???a nooaeaio?a ia?oiai eo?no
i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo iieacaei, ui c /enea neooa/?a aei anooio 72%
ia?aee aeaiee iaaeaaia?/iee caeeaae c iaoith i?eaeaaiiy naia i?ioan??
a/eoaey, a 28% – c iaoith i?aoethaaoe iaoeiaei ni?a?ia?oieeii o aaeoc?
i?e?iaeiciaanoaa. A oie aea /an o?eueee 64% nooaeaio?a, ui anooieee ia
caaaeueieo i?aenoaaao, iaee aaaeaiiy i?aoethaaoe a/eoaeai, 30% –
iaoeiaoeai, 6% – ua ia aecia/eeeny. Iniiai? iioeae aeai?o i?ioan?? aeey
neooa/?a i?e?iaeie/iai a?aeae?eaiiy OAeI, iia’ycai? c iiaeeea?noth
caeiaoooy aeui? ina?oe (88%),aaaeaiiyi noaoe a/eoaeai (72%), noaoe
iaoeiaoeai (28%), aeiaaio?eaaea a?aeionoea aeey iaaeaaia?a (32%).
Nooaeaioe 1 eo?no, ui anooieee ia i?aenoaa? caaaeueiiai eiieo?no,
iieacaee a?aeiia?aeii – 90%, 64%, 30%, 42% (ca oiiaaie aieaooaaiiy
aeiioneaeiny iaceaaoe aeae?eueea aa??aio?a a?aeiia?aeae).

No?ee?noue i?ioan?eieo iai???a o nooaeaio?a 4 eo?no caaaeaieo eaoaai??e
?aniiiaeaio?a aoea ?ioith. I?ney i?ioiaeaeaiiy ia?oi? iaaeaaia?/ii?
i?aeoeee aaaeaiiy i?aoethaaoe a/eoaeai a?ieia?? oa o?i?? aeneiaeee 74% c
/enea eieeoi?o neooa/?a oa 48% nooaeaio?a, ui aoee ca?aoiaai? ia
caaaeueieo i?aenoaaao.

Iacaaaeath/e ia iaaeinoaoith ei?aeoi?noue aea??ee, ana ae oaee iiaeia
aiai?eoe, ui iieiaeue, yea i?ieoea aeiaoc?anueeo i?aeaioiaeo, a?eueo
i?ioan?eii ni?yiiaaia, a?eueo na?aeiii cae?enith? aea?? iaeaooiuei?
i?ioan??.

Iieacieee aeoeaiino? eieeoi?o aeioneiee?a OAeI oa nooaeaio?a ?ioeo
eaoaai??e o iaoeiaiio oa a?iiaaenueeiio aeeoo? ?inoeoooo aecia/aeenue ca
e?eoa??yie: o/anoue a ?iaio? i?aai?a nooaeaionueeiai naiia?yaeoaaiiy;
aea?? oaiaoeee ?aoa?ao?a, eo?niaeo ? aeeieiiieo ?ia?o c iaaeaaia?ee oa
iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy i?io?eueieo aeenoeeie?i; o/anoue a ie?ii?aaeao,
iaoeiai- oai?aoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, ooaeiaei?e naiiae?yeueiino?. Aiae?c
iaea?aeaieo aeaieo na?ae/eoue i?i a?eueo aenieo aeoeai?noue aeioneiee?a
OAeI o a?iiaaenueeiio aeeoo? i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo a ii??aiyii? c?
nooaeaioaie, ui ia i?ioiaeeee i?aeaioia/iai aoaio. Ui noino?oueny
iieaciee?a aeai?o oaiaoeee eo?niaeo oa aeeieiiieo ?ia?o c iaaeaaia?ee oa
iaoiaeee aeeeaaeaiiy niaoe?aeueieo aeenoeeie?i, oi i?ioan?eia
caoe?eaaeai?noue o an?o eaoaai??e nooaeaio?a i?eaeecii ia iaeiaeiaiio
??ai?.

Oaeei /eiii, aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
aea? i?aenoaao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui ??aaiue iiaioaaiiy oa canai?iiy
niaoe?aeueieo ciaiue oa ai?iue, nooi?iue ?icaeoeo eia?/iiai ieneaiiy,
iieacieee oni?oiino? anooiieo aei?iaoaaiue oa iaa/aiiy o aoc?,
a?iiaaenuee?e oa iaoeia?e aeoeaiino? o aeioneiee?a OAeI cia/ii aeuee a
ii??aiyii? c iniiaiei eiioeiaaioii nooaeaio?a.

O CAEETH*I?E *ANOEI? aeena?oaoe?? ocaaaeueiththoueny ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eaathoueny iniiai? oai?aoe/i? aei?iaee,
ie?aneththoueny oeyoe ?o i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? i?aeaioiaee neooa/?a aei anooio aei iaaeaaia?/iiai iaa/aeueiiai
caeeaaeo.

AENIIAEE

O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy c?iaeaii oae? aeniiaee:

1. Aiaeic iaoeiaeo ia?oiaeaea?ae c i?iaeaie aeii?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a na?ae/eoue, ui iacaaaeath/e ia aeinoaoi? ??
aenaioeaiiy a ineoieiai-iaaeaaiai/iie eioa?aoo?i, aiia iio?aao?
iiaeaeueoiai aeineiaeaeaiiy c iiceoeie ea?aeeiaeueieo ciii, ye?
aiaeaoaathoueny a noniieuenoai.

O i?aeoeoe? ?nio? aeae?eueea oi?i i?aeaioiaee iieiae? aei anooio o aeu?
iaaeaaia?/i? caeeaaee – i?aeaioia/? a?aeae?eaiiy, oeiee iaeaooiueiai
a/eoaey, iaaeaaia?/i? eeane caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee, iaaeaaia?/i?
a?iiac?? oa e?oea?. A oiiaao nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue ?o
ooieoe?? ?icoe?ththoueny. E?ii o?aaeeoeieii? “?aiaoeoi?nueei?”
ni?yiiaaiinoi aiae/oaa?oueny aino?a iio?aaa o caaacia/aiii ianooiiinoi
iiae oeieith i aocii, o?aooaaii? niaoeeoiee iiaeaioiaee c eiaeii?
eiie?aoii? niaoeiaeueiinoi, aaeaioaoei? iaeaooiio aaioo?i?ioia aei oiia
aeui? oeiee. Aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea iieacaea, ui ?aae?caoe?th oeeo
aeiia a iiai?e i??? caaacia/o? ae?yeuei?noue oaeoeueoao?a aeiaoc?anueei?
i?aeaioiaee.

2. O i?ioean? aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiaieie oiiaaie
aoaeoeaii? i?aeaioiaee neooa/?a OAeI ? a?aeiia?aeiee i?aea?? eiioeiaaioo
iaeaooi?o aa?oo???io?a, iayaiinoue iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaiiai ciinoo,
i???ioiaaiiai ia aeiiae oaoiaeo aei?iaoaaiue, ui a?aoiao?: i?ia?aneaii
oaiaeaioei? a ?icaeoeo aiaeiiaiaeieo aaeocae iaoe; niaoeeo?eo
ineoio?c?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo neooa/?a; aeei?enoaiiy no/anieo oaoiieiaie
iaa/aiiy; aiaeiiaiaeiee iiaea?? aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo; ii?iaoeaia
iaoa?iaeueii-oaoii/ia i aeeaeaeoe/ia caaacia/aiiy iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano.
sse na?ae/aoue iaea?aeai? aeai?, eiiieaeooaaiiy neeaaeo neooa/?a
iia’ycaia c i?anoeaeai iaaeaaiai/ii? i?ioani?, nioeiaeueiei ?
iaoa?iaeueiei noaoonii o/eoaey, iiaeeeainoth i?ioanieiiai c?inoo,
iayai?noth iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a o ?aa?ii?, ??aiai i?ioi???ioaoe?eii?
?iaioe ? caaacia/o?oueny aeei?enoaiiyi aeieiaiai iaoaiicio i?ioanieiiai
aeiai?o neooa/?a ia eiie?aoi? niaoeiaeueiinoi.

3. A iniiai ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie i?ieiiaiaaiiai aiaeai?o iaeaooiio
aaioo?i?ioia i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo caeeaaeaii iaa?oioiaaia
ineoio?c?ieia?/ia oeiiaa iiaeaeue a/eoaey i?e?iaeie/eo aeenoeeie?i oa
eiiieaen o?aaeeoe?eieo ? iao?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a, ni?yiiaaieo ia
aeyaeaiiy iayaiinoi oeiieiai/ieo aeanoeainoae iniaenoinoi (oa?aeoa?,
oaiia?aiaio, caeiaiinoi, iioeaaoeiy, oaaaa, ia?acia iai’youe, eia?/ia
ieneaiiy, ?ioaeaeooaeueia eaa?euei?noue, ooieoeiiiaeueia neiao?iy
aaeeeeo iiaeoeue aieiaiiai iiceo).

4. A iniiao eiino?othaaiiy ci?noo ina?oe ia? aooe caeeaaeaii iaoai?ci
a?aeia?aaeaiiy no/anii? aeenoeeie?ia?ii? no?oeoo?e iaa/aeueieo
i?aaeiao?a, ?aae?caoe?th noaiaea?oii-ciinoiaieo eiiie, iineeaiiy
i?aeoe/ii? ni?yiiaaiinoi i?ioeano iaa/aiiy. Iiaoaeiaa iaa/aeueieo ieai?a
? i?ia?ai ia aeiaocianueeiio aoaii, iaoaiici aiaeai?o i no?oeoo?oaaiiy
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa?iaeo aeiaaathoue: iaeneiaeueii? i?i?ioaoei? ia
ia?niaeoeao ? aeia?aaeaeaiiy nioeiaeueiiai caiiaeaiiy, aeio?eiaiiy
eiaiee eiie?aoii? iaoee i aiaeiiaiaeiinoi inaioiie iaoi, nenoaiaoecaoei?
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa?iaeo ia iniia? aeiyeueiiniiai iiaeoiaeo.

O aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaii nenoaio ii?iaoeaiiai
aeeaeaeoeei-iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy iiaioaaiiy aeenoeeie?iaie
i?e?iaeie/iai oeeeeo, ui caaeiaieueiy? aeiiaai noaiaea?o?a ina?oe,
a?aoiao? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino? neooa/?a, iaeneiaeueii ni?ey? ?o
aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia aeui? oeiee.

5. Aecia/aia ? ia?aa??aia a i?ioeani aeineiaeaeaiiy caeaaeiinoue iiae
?iaiai iiaioaaiiy neooa/aie OAeI iaa/aeueiei iaoa?iaeii i aeioeieueieie
oi?iaie i?aaiicaoei? iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano cana?ae/eea, ui ia
ia?oiio ?iaii canai?iiy (“o/iianueeiio”) iaeaieueo ?aoeiiiaeueieie ?
o?aaeeoeieii eaeoei? oa naiiia?e ca ?aiio iaieioaiei ieaiii. Ia ae?oaiio
(“aeai?eoii/iiio”) – aoaeoeai? aiia?i? eaeoei?, naiiia?e-aeieia? ia?e,
eaai?aoi?i? i?aeoeeoie. Aeey o?aoueiai (“i?iaeoeoeaiiai”) ?iaiy
iaeaieueo aeieiaeie ca?aeiiaiaeoaaee naaa eaai?aoi?ii ?iaioe ca
iiaeeaiaeoaeueieie caaaeaiiyie, i?iaeaiii eaeoei?,
eaeoei?-i?an-eiioa?aioei?, aeeniooe, nenoaia naiinoieii? ?iaioe
neooa/ia.

6. Aenia?eiaioaeueiith ia?aa??eith aeiaaaeaii, ui ?ic?iaeai?
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae i?aeaioiaee neooa/?a i?aeaeuothoue
ye?noue ?o i?aeaioiaee aei oaoiaeo anooiieo aei?iaoaaiue, ni?eythoue
ia?aeii?e aaeaioaoe?? aei oiia aeui? oeiee e no?eeino? i?ioan?eieo
iai???a aei i?iaeiaaeaiiy ina?oe ca ia?aiith niaoe?aeuei?noth,
oi?ioaaiith ai?iue, iia’ycaieo c iaeaooiueith i?ioan?eiith
ae?yeuei?noth.

Aeeiiaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ae/a?io? an?o aniaeo?a ii?ooaii? i?iaeaie.
Iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy iio?aaothoue ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c oaeineiiaeaiiyi
iiaeae? iniaenoino? a/eoaey-i?aaeiaoieea. A?aee?eoith caeeoa?oueny
i?iaeaia ao?eaiiy aeiia aea?aeaaieo noaiaea?o?a aei ci?noo oa
i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aiiy ia aeiaoc?anueeiio aoai? iaaeaaia?/ii? ina?oe oa
?i.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? o oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a:

1. Ae/eiaa ?.?. I?iaiinoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy oe?eae ? caaaeaiue
ae?yeueiino? oaeoeueoaoo aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee iaaeaoco
(i?e?iaeie/a a?aeae?eaiiy) // Iaoiaea. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. Aei.
“Aeueiaiao” . – E.: OIA “I?aeia?. o?i. aaaioe?y”, 1997. – N. 16-21.

2. Ae/eiaa ?.?. Iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ?aoi?ioaaiiy ci?noo no/anii?
i?e?iaeie/i? ina?oe // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Iaaeaaia?/i? iaoee.
Aei. 5. – Oa?nii: OAeIO, 1998. – N.108-113.

3. Ae/eiaa ?.?. *eiieee aoaeoeaii? i?aeaioiaee neooa/?a iaaeaoco //
Iaoiaea. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. Aei. “Aeueiaiao”. – E.: OIA “I?aeia?. o?i.
aaaioe?y”, 1997. – N.27-32.

4. Ae/eiaa ?.?. Ci?no i?e?iaeie/i? ina?oe ye eiiiiiaio oaoiieia??
iaa/aiiy iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey ia aeiaoc?anueeiio aoai? // Iaoiaea. Ca.
iaoe. i?aoeue. Aei. “Aniaeoe”. – E.: OIA “I?aeia?. o?i. aaaioe?y”, 1997.
– N.1-27.

5. Ae/eiaa ?.?. Caaacia/aiiy eaae?iaiai iioaioe?aeo aeiaoc?anueei?
i?aeaioiaee iaaeaoco // Iaoiaea. Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. Aei. “Aeueiaiao”. –
E.: OIA “I?aeia?. o?i. aaaioe?y”, 1997. – N.21-27.

6. Ae/eiaa ?.?., Neaei?iae/ I. Oi?ie ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa i?e?iaeie/eo
eaoaae? c? oeieith // A?ieia?y ? o?i?y a oeie?. – 1998. – ? 2. – N.4-5.

7. Ae/eiaa ?.?., A?eoei O. Aeieia?/i? aniaeoe ?icae?eo “Ethaeeia oa ??
caei?ia’y” // A?ieia?y ? o?i?y a oeie?. – 1997. – ? 2. – N.26-27.

8. Ae/eiaa ?.?., Neaei?iae/ I.I. I?ia?aia c eo?no caaaeueii? a?ieia??
(10-11ee.) // I?ia?aie eo?n?a iniia i?e?iaeie/eo aeenoeeie?i ca aeai?ii
aeey caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e, e?oea?a, a?iiac?e. – E.: Ia?oi, 1996. – N.
91-102.

9. Ae/eiaa ?.?. Oeyo aei i?ioan?eiiai naiiaecia/aiiy // Iniaeno?noue
iaaeaaiaa: ?ice?eooy iiaeeeainoae. / Iaoeia. ?aae. ? oii?yaeiee I.?.
Aooaiei. – E.: ?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?io. ina?oe AII
Oe?a?ie, 1995. – N.11-12.

10. Ae/eiaa ?.?. I?iaeaia oe?e?niino? ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? // I?ioan?eia
oa anoaoe/ia i?aeaioiaea a/eoaey: Iaoiae. iin?ai. / Iaoeia. ?aae. ?
oii?yaeiee I.?. Aooaiei. – E.: ?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?io.
ina?oe AII Oe?a?ie, 1995. – N.15-16.

11. Ae/eiaa ?.?. Iioei?caoe?y ci?noo a?ieia?/ii? ina?oe // Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie i?ioan?eii? iaaeaaia?ee: / Iaoeia. ?aae. ? oii?yaeiee I.?.
Aooaiei. – Oa?nii: OAeI?, 1996. – N.12-13.

12. Au/eiaa E.E., Eaaoeia A.A. Iaoiaee/aneea oeacaiey e naiinoiyoaeueiie
?aaioa e i?aeoe/aneei caiyoeyi ii ?acaeaeo “Iauay oeiey” aeey neooaoaeae
iiaeaioiaeoaeueiiai ioaeaeaiey iaaeaaiae/aneeo einoeoooia. – Oa?nii:
OAeIE, 1991. – 45n.

13. Ae/eiaa ?.?., Neaei?iae/ I.I. I?aeaioiaea iieiae? a Oeaio??
aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee // Iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeoeea oa o?einio?y ina?oe:
Iaoa??aee I?aeia?. iaoe.-i?. eiioa?. (25-26 eeno., 1997 ?.) / ?aae.
eieaa?y: Cycthi ?.A. (aieiaa), Aii/a?aiei N.O., Oaiao I.A., Io??iaiei
?.A. oa ?i. – Iieoaaa: II? IIII, 1997. – N. 29-30.

Ae/eiaa ?.?. I?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? canaaee iaa/aiiy neooa/?a
oaeoeueoaoo aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee (ia iaoa??ae? aeenoeeie?i
i?e?iaeie/iai oeeeeo). – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 – oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee,
?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee Aeaaeai?? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? canaaee
iaa/aiiy neooa/?a oaeoeueoaoo aeiaoc?anueei? i?aeaioiaee aeuiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai caeeaaeo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iniiaieie oiiaaie aoaeoeaii?
i?aeaioiaee neooa/?a OAeI ? a?aeiia?aeiee i?aea?? ?o eiioeiaaioo;
iayai?noue iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo iaoe ? ci?noo iaa/aiiy, i???ioiaaieo ia
aeiiae i?io?eueieo anooiieo aei?iaoaaiue oa a?aooaaiiy i?ia?aneaieo
oaiaeaioe?e o ?icaeoeo eiie?aoieo aaeocae iaoe ? niaoeeo?eo
ineoio?c?ieia?/iiai ?icaeoeo neooa/?a. O iniia? ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee
i?ioan?eiiai a?aeai?o iaeaooi?o aa?oo???io?a i?e?iaeie/iai oaeoeueoaoo
caeeaaeaia iiaeaeue a/eoaey i?e?iaeie/eo aeenoeeie?i oa nenoaia
aeyaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ia? ineoio?c?ieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee
iaeaooi?o aa?oo???io?a.

Iaa?oioiaaii oaoiieia?th aecia/aiiy iaoe ? ci?noo iaa/aiiy ia OAeI, ui
aeaoa?i?iiaai? nioe?aeueiei caiiaeaiiyi oa ina?oi?ie noaiaea?oaie.
?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaiaaii aa??aioe iaa/aeueiiai ieaio ? i?ia?ai c eo?n?a
a?ieia?? oa o?i?? aeey i?e?iaeie/iai a?aeae?eaiiy OAeI, ui aacothoueny
ia aeaaeoeoeaiiio i?aeoiae? aei iiaoaeiae iaoeiai? ?ioi?iaoe??,
?aae?caoe?? ?aeae ?icaeoeo iniaenoino? oa caaacia/aii? ianooiiino? i?ae
oeieith oa aocii. Aaoi?ii aecia/aii iaaeaaia?/ii aeioe?euei? niieo/aiiy
iaoiae?a oa oi?i i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano, eiai ii?iaoeaia
aeeaeaeoeei-iaoiaee/ia iniauaiiy. Aeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c eaae?iaiai e
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? OAeI.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeiaoc?anueeee aoai i?aeaioiaee aa?oo???io?a aeueo
iaaeaaia?/ieo caeeaae?a, iaoai?ci i?ioa?aeai?o, i?iaiinoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy, iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iee eiiieaen, neooa/?.

Au/eiaa E.E. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea iniiau iao/aiey neooaoaeae
aeiaocianeie iiaeaioiaee (ia iaoa?eaea aeenoeeieei anoanoaaiiiai
oeeeea).- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 – oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee,
Einoeooo iaaeaaiaeee Aeaaeaiee iaaeaaiae/aneeo iaoe Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeoaony i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea iniiau
iao/aiey neooaoaeae oaeoeueoaoa aeiaocianeie iiaeaioiaee
iaaeaaiae/aneiai aoca. A ?acoeueoaoa nenoaiiiai aiaeeca oai?ee e
i?aeoeee nouanoaothueo a Oe?aeia ?acee/iuo oi?i iiaeaioiaee iieiaeaaee e
iinooieaieth a aocu onoaiiaeaii, /oi iaeaieaa aeaenoaaiiuie ec ieo
yaeythony niaoeeaeueiua oaeoeueoaou, eioi?ua ii naiae i?aaiecaoeeiiiie
no?oeoo?a e niaea?aeaieth ?aaiou iaania/eaatho ia oieueei iaiaoiaeeiue
o?iaaiue ciaiee neooaoaeae, a e i?ieiiae?iaaiiue oeaeaiai?aaeaiiue eo
i?ioioai? e ia?ae/ioth aaeaioaoeeth e oneiaeyi aunoae oeieu. Ii?aaeaeaiu
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey iao/aiey neooaoaeae OAeI ia
iaoa?eaeao anoanoaaiiiai ioaeaeaiey. Yoai aeiaocianeie iiaeaioiaee
?anniao?eaaaony eae iaeia ec oi?i i?iaiinoe/aneie ioeaiee aiciiaeiinoae
aoaeoueo aaeoo?eaioia e i?ioanneiiaeueiiio iao/aieth.

A oiaea enneaaeiaaiey auyaeaii, /oi iniiaiuie oneiaeyie yooaeoeaiie
iiaeaioiaee neooaoaeae OAeI yaeythony: oeaeaniia?aciue iiaeai? eo
eiioeiaaioa; iaee/ea i?eaioe?iaaiiuo ia o?aaiaaiey i?ioeeueiuo
anooieoaeueiuo eniuoaiee iao/ii-iainiiaaiiuo oeaeae e niaea?aeaiey,
iao/aiey eioi?ua o/eouaatho i?ia?anneaiua oaiaeaioeee a ?acaeoee
eiie?aoiuo iaeanoae iaoe e niaoeeoeeo ineoioeceieiae/aneiai ?acaeoey
neooaoaeae; i?eiaiaiea nia?aiaiiuo oaoiieiaee iao/aiey; niioaaonoaothuee
iiaeai? i?aiiaeaaaoaeueneiai ninoaaa, ii?iaoeaiia
iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneia e aeeaeaeoe/aneia iaania/aiea o/aaiiai
i?ioeanna.

Iieo/aiiua aeaiiua naeaeaoaeuenoaotho, /oi eiiieaeoaoeey ninoaaa
neooaoaeae ii?aaeaeyaony aeaenoaaiiinoueth nenoaiu i?ioioai?a,
i?eaeaeaoaeueiinoueth e i?anoeaeai iaaeaaiae/aneie i?ioannee,
nioeeaeueiui e iaoa?eaeueiui noaoonii o/eoaey, aiciiaeiinoueth
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ?inoa, iaee/eai o/aaiuo caaaaeaiee a ?aaeiia, o?iaiai
i?ioi?eaioaoeeiiiie ?aaiou. ?ac?aaioaiiue nieneaoaeai iaoaieci
i?ioanneiiaeueiiai ioai?a aace?iaaeny ia iiaeaee o/eoaey anoanoaaiiuo
aeenoeeieei e nenoaia auyaeaiey niioaaonoaey ae ineoioeceieiae/aneeo
oa?aeoa?enoee aoaeoueo aaeoo?eaioia (noaiaiue ?acaeoey ia?aciie iaiyoe,
aieiaiey, eiae/aneiai iuoeaiey, eioaeeaeooaeueiie eaaeeueiinoe,
ineoioecia, iae?ioecia e ae?.). N yoie oeaeueth i?aaeeiaeai eiiieaen
oanoia, eiae/aneeo i?ioeaaeo? e iao?aaeeoeeiiiuo iaoiaeia enneaaeiaaiey.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ane?uoa oaoiieiaey ii?aaeaeaiey oeaeae e niaea?aeaiey
iao/aiey ia OAeI, aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiuo nioeeaeueiui caeacii e
ia?aciaaoaeueiuie noaiaea?oaie; ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu e oi?iu i?aaiecaoeee
iiciaaaoaeueiie aeayoaeueiinoe neooaoaeae. Yenia?eiaioaeueii
onoaiiaeaii, /oi oeaee, caaea/e e niaea?aeaiea iao/aiey ia aeiaocianeii
yoaia aeieaeiu aace?iaaoueny ia aeayoaeueiinoii-aeeaaiinoe/aneii
iiaeoiaea, iicaieythuai i?iaiinoe/aneia eo iiaeaee?iaaiea a aeaea
eiiieaena ciaiee e oiaiee.

Niiaeaee?iaaiiua a ?aaioa aa?eaiou o/aaiiai ieaia e i?ia?aii ii aeieiaee
e oeiee aeey anoanoaaiiiai ioaeaeaiey OAeI i?aaeiieaaatho aeaaeoeoeaiia
iino?iaiea iao/iie eioi?iaoeee, iicaieytho aiieiuaoue eaeae ?acaeoey
ee/iinoe, aa oai?/aneiai iuoeaiey e iiciaaaoaeueiie aeoeaiinoe,
iaania/eaatho i?aainoaaiiinoue iaaeaeo oeieie e aocii. Auyaeaiiay
caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo o?iaiai iaeaaeaiey neooaoaeyie OAeI o/aaiui
iaoa?eaeii e oeaeaniia?aciuie oi?iaie i?aaiecaoeee
o/aaii-ainieoaoaeueiiai i?ioeanna naeaeaoaeuenoaotho, /oi ia ia?aii
o?iaia (“o/aie/aneii”) iaeaieaa ?aoeeiiaeueiuie yaeythony o?aaeeoeeiiiua
eaeoeee e naieia?u ii i?aaeaa?eoaeueii iauyaeaiiiio ieaio. Ia aoi?ii
(“aeai?eoie/iii”) – yooaeoeaiu aeia?iua eaeoeee, aeaeiaua ea?u,
eaai?aoi?iua i?aeoeeoiu. Aeey o?aoueaai (“oai?/aneiai”) o?iaiy iaeaieaa
aeaenoaaiiuie ca?aeiiaiaeiaaee naay eaai?aoi?iua ?aaiou ii
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui caaeaieyi, i?iaeaiiua eaeoeee, aeenioou, nenoaia
naiinoiyoaeueiie ?aaiou neooaoaeae.

Niaoeeoe/aneea iniaaiiinoe aeiaocianeiai yoaia o?aaotho niaoeeaeueiiai
iiaeai?a e iiaeaioiaee i?aiiaeaaaoaeueneiai ninoaaa iooai i?aaiecaoeee
e?aoeia?aiaiiuo eo?nia e aaeaaiaeiie aooanoaoeee eioi?ay o/eouaaao
ineoieiai-iaaeaaiae/aneee, iao/ii-oai?aoe/aneee e iaoiaee/aneee o?iaie
iiaeaioiaee i?aiiaeaaaoaeae.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaia e ai?iae?iaaia nenoaia ii?iaoeaiiai
aeeaeaeoeei-iaoiaee/aneiai iaania/aiey i?ioeanna iaeaaeaiey
aeenoeeieeiaie anoanoaaiiiai oeeeea, oaeiaeaoai?ythuay o?aaiaa-ieyi
ia?aciaaoaeueiuo noaiaea?oia e o/eouaathuay eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua
iniaaiiinoe neooaoaeae.

?acoeueoaou iiuoii-yenia?eiaioaeueiie i?iaa?ee oai?aoe/anee
?ac?aaioaiiuo a enneaaeiaaiee iieiaeaiee iieacaee, /oi o?iaaiue
niciaoaeueiiai onaiaiey niaoeeaeueiuo ciaiee e oiaiee, noaiaiue ?acaeoey
eiae/aneiai iuoeaiey, onoie/eainoue i?ioanneiiaeueiuo iaia?aiee,
iieacaoaee oniaaaaiinoe ia anooieoaeueiuo yecaiaiao e i?e iao/aiee a
aoca, aeoeaiinoue a iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneie e iauanoaaiiie
aeayoaeueiinoe o auioneieeia OAeI cia/eoaeueii auoa a n?aaiaiee n
eiioeiaaioii nooaeaioia, iinooieaoeo ia iaueo iniiaaieyo.

?ac?aaioaiiua i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey iiaeaioiaee
neooaoaeae iiauoatho yooaeoeaiinoue e ea/anoai eo aioiaiinoe e
iao/aieth, niinianoaotho onoie/eainoe i?ioanneiiaeueiuo iaia?aiee,
niaeaenoaotho ia?ae/iie aaeaioaoeee neooaoaeae e oneiaeyi aunoae oeieu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeiaocianeee yoai iiaeaioiaee aaeoo?eaioia iaaeaoca,
iaoaieci i?ioioai?a, i?iaiinoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea,
o/aaii-iaoiaee/aneee eiiieaen, neooaoaee.

Buchkova I.I. General Educational Principles of Training Students of the
Preparatory Courses (on natural sciences). – Manuscript.

Scientific thesis on theory of education on speciality 13.00.01 –
History and Theory of Education. Pedagogical Institute at the Academy of
Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999.

The general principles of organization theory of education the process
of training students at the preparatory courses have been investigated
in this thesis. It has been down that the essential condition of the
effective training is the professional selection of students; the aims
of education should be scientifically grounded and the its content
should coincide the demands of the entering exams on profile subjects.
The latest scientific achievements and the peculiarities of the students
personality development should be considered as well.

The basis of the given method of the professional selection of students
entering the natural department includes the model of a teacher of
natural science and the system of its correspondents to the phycological
aup physiological characterishies of the future students.

The technology of out the aims and content of training at the
preparatory courses has been developed. They are determined by a social
order and educational standards. Programmes and plans on biology and
chemistry for the preparatory courses of natural department at the
higher educational establishment are based on the didactic approach to
the scientific information, the ideas of development of personality and
close ties of school and university. The author theoretically determines
methods and forms of the educational process, its didactic and
methodological provisions. There are also recommendations on staff and
technical provision of the preparatory courses.

Key words: preparatory courses for students, mechanism of professional
selection of future students, model of prognosis, complex of education
provision of the process of learning.

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