?INOEOOO IAAeAAIA?EE

AEAAeAI?? IAAeAAIA?*IEO IAOE OE?A?IE

OAAeI?IAA I?ia Oaaei??aia

OAeE 373.51 (09)

I?AAI?CAOe?EII — IAAeAAIA?*I? OIIAE

Ae?ssEUeIINO? OEIEE — EAAI?AOI???

IAOEIAI? ONOAIIAE

13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a -1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee
Aeaieeaiei E?ae?y ?aai?aia,

?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo ?iiiaaoe?e

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: —

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, ae?eniee /eai AII Oe?a?ie
Aii/a?aiei Naiai Onoeiiae/,
?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii? ina?oe AII
Oe?a?ie, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Cioe A??a Ieeiea?aia,
?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? iaaeaaia?/iiai
aeina?aeo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iieoaanueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee ?inoeooo
?i.A.A.Ei?ieaiea, eaoaae?a iaaeaaia?/ii? iaenoa?iino?, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Iieoaaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 12 “ aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 26.452.03 a ?inoeooo? iaaeaaia?ee AII
Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252053, i. Ee?a, aoe.A?oaia, 52-A.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o iaoeia?e /anoei? ?inoeoooo
iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252053, i.Ee?a, aoe. A?oaia, 52-A.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “___“ _____________1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, i?ioani?
Eaaeee I.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. No/aniee aoai ?icaeoeo na?aaeiuei? ina?oe a
Oe?a?i? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?ioaineaieie iiooeaie iiaiai a oai??? ?
i?aeoeoe? iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy, aeoeaiei ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi iiaeo ina?oi?o
oaoiieia?e, i?ea?iaeueieo iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae, ina?oi?o iiaeaeae oiui.
sse iane?aeie, ci?ith?oueny ci?no ina?oe, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iiaiooai?aiue o oe?e?ni?e nenoai? iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy.

Iaeiei ?c iniiaieo aniaeo?a ?aoi?ioaaiiy caaaeueii? na?aaeiuei?
ina?oe ? ?? iaoeiaa oa iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy, i?aeaioiaea oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo iaa/aeueieo ieai?a, i?ia?ai, i?ae?o/iee?a,
iin?aiee?a, eo?n?a, niaoeeo?n?a oiui; i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oa
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo iiaiaaaaeaiue.

Aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue, ui
caaaeueiioai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei i?aai?caoe??
ae?yeueiino? caeeaae?a ina?oe ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o aeine?aeaeaiiyo
aeaaiueia?aoeueeeo o?einio?a (Aeaiie??oa, Nie?aoa, Ieaoiia, A??noioaey
oa ?i.), iaaeaaia?a ieioeiai (I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa, A.?neiiaa, E.Caieiaa,
A.Iaea?aiea, A.Iao?a, N.?oniai?, A.Oa?ue??i, I.*aoiaa, N.Oaoeueeiai,
E.Ooeinueeiai), no/aniino? (N.Aii/a?aiea, A. Aeaaeaeiaa, A.Iaaec?aiia,
I.Iioaoieea, A.Iaeaia?/oe, A.Nooiieeinueeiai, I.Neaoe?ia, I.Naa/aiei,
I.ss?ia/aiea), iaaeaaia?a-i?aeoee?a (A.Aeo?iiaa, I.Aoceea, I.Caoa?aiea,
O.Ea?iaiea, A.Nieiaoaa) oa ?i.

O ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e iaooe? oa no/ani?e o?einio?? ina?oe,
cie?aia, o i?aoeyo A.Aiiaea?y, ?.Aaoa, ?.??iaeiaa, ?.Cycthia,
A.Ianeiaa, A.Iieyea oa ?i., iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue oa
aeioe?euei?noue ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ina?oe ia i?aenoaa?
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo iio?aa aea?aeaae c o?aooaaiiyi ineoieia?/ieo,
o?c?ieia?/ieo, aaiaoe/ieo iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo iniaenoino?.

O no/anieo oiiaao aoiai?caoe??, aeaiie?aoecaoe??, aoiai?oa?ecaoe??
iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy iaiiaeeeai nie?aoenue ia eiina?aaoeai? i?aeoiaee
aei na?aaeiuei? ina?oe. C iaeyaeo ia oea iinoa? ieoaiiy i?i noai?aiiy
oe?e-eaai?aoi??e iaoeiaeo onoaiia, ye? a caaeiaieueiyee aeiiae
noni?euenoaa ? aea?aeaae o nenoaiaoe/iiio i?iaaaeaii?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe, ni?yiiaaii? ia oaeineiiaeaiiy ina?oiuei?
nenoaie.

Oe??? i?iaeaie oi?eaeeny oae? ca?oa?aei? aeine?aeieee, ye
E.Aa?aea?, ?.Aeaeiinii, A.Naeue?, A.Neioo, e?a?i NIAe — I.Aeaaeaooei,
A.E?ooaoeueeee, ?.Ieoiaae/, ss.Iiiiia?ueia, A.Oaieia, I.Iioaoiee oa ?i.
Aiae?c i?aoeue oeeo oa ?ioeo o/aieo na?ae/eoue i?i aeioe?euei?noue
noai?aiiy ?icaaeoaeaii? oa ??cii??aiaai? nenoaie iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy,
yea a caaeiaieueiyea no/ani? ina?oi? iio?aae.

Ia iaiao?aei?noue i?aai?caoe?? aeine?aeii-aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?iaioe a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaaeao ina?oe i?eae?eythoue oaaao o nai?o
ioae?eaoe?yo I.?.Ea?oaoiaa, A.?.Eania?aeae, ?.A.Eaoaoeinueea,
?.A.Eooa??aa, I.I.Iioaoiee, ?.TH.O?onoaeueiaa oa ?i., caa?oath/e oaaao
ia aaaeeea?n oue ai?iaaoe?? iiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo i?iaeo?a, oaoiieia?e, a
oaeiae aeyaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo cae?aiinoae oa ?ioaeaeooaeueiee
?icaeoie iniaenoino? oeiey??a.

Aaaeeea?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy aeaii? i?iaeaie aecia/a?oueny
iaiao?aei?noth ai?iaoaaiiy ??cieo iiaeaeae na?aaei?o caeeaae?a ina?oe,
noai?aiiy nenoaie ?iaioe c o/i?anueeith iieiaeaeth a oeeo caeeaaeao.

Oeth i?iaeaio aena?oeaii o aeena?oaoe?yo A.I.Aeo?iiaa,
E.?.Aeaieeaiei, A.A.Eiaaeue, E.A.Iaeiaii, ?.I.*oeei, A.A.*eaeaanueeiai,
A.I.Oae?oe?ii?, I.? Inoai/oe, I.?.Eeiea? oa ?i. Iaeiae, aiia ia
?icaeyaeaeanue c oi/ee ci?o nenoaiiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ai?iaoaaiiy
iiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo i?iaeo?a, ii?aeiaiiy iaoee ? i?aeoeee.

Aiae?c ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e i?i ooieoe?iioaaiiy,
i?aai?caoe?th, i?noea ? ?ieue oe?e-eaai?aoi??e ia an?o ?noi?e/ieo aoaiao
?icaeoeo nenoaie ina?oe, aeicaieea iai c?iaeoe aeniiaee i?i
aeioe?euei?noue noai?aiiy oeiee-eaai?aoi??? iaoeiai? onoaiiae ye
caeeaaeo ina?oe, yeee nenoaiii aenia?eiaioo? nioe?aeueiicia/ou? ina?oi?
iiaiaaaaeaiiy.

O no/anieo oiiaao ooieoe?iioaaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
iaaeaaia?/ieo iaeaeai/ee?a aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai iaaeinoaoiuei
iiaii ?aae?cothoue iaoo ?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oe uiaei i?aai?caoe?? ?
i?iaaaeaiiy nenoaiieo ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo, iaoeiaeo aenia?eiaio?a o
na?aaei?o caeeaaeao ina?oe, a?aei?aoethaaiiy iiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae,
oai??e, oaoiieia?e, iiaeaeueoa ?o ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a
ina?oith i?aeoeeo (aenia?eiaiooaaiiy i?iaiaeeoueny ia nenoaiii, a
eieaeueii oa ai?ciaee/ii).

Aeaia i?iaeaia aoiaeeoue o ?yae i??i?eoaoieo a ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/i?e
iaooe?. Ia ii/aoeo OO no. ?icai?oa?oueny ae?yeuei?noue ii noai?aiith
aenia?eiaioaeueieo oe?e (aeine?aei? oeiee, iaoeiai-aeine?aei? noaioe??)
i?ae ea??aieoeoaii Iaaeaaia?/ii? aeaaeai??, noai?aii? o 1908 ?. o
Iaoa?ao?c?. Aiie a?aei?aoeueiaoaaee iiaea?i?ciaai? oi?ie oa iaoiaee
iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy o/i?a, no?oeoo?e oi?aae?iiy caeeaaeii ina?oe.
Noai?aiiy oaeeo oe?e noaei ia?aaeoiiaith i?aai?caoe?? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a, ye? a?ae?a?aee aaaeeeao ?ieue o i?aeoe/iiio
ai?iaaaeaeaii? ia?aaeiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeae.

O 1944 ?. aoei i?eeiyoi ia?oa Iieiaeaiiy i?i aenia?eiaioaeuei?
caeeaaee Aeaaeai?? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe N?N?, a yeiio iinoaaeai?
caaaeaiiy: a?aoe o/anoue o ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiaeo ieoaiue iaaeaaia?ee,
iaoiaeeee, aeeoy/i? ineoieia??; ia?aa??oe? /eiieo i?ia?ai, i?ae?o/iee?a,
iiaeo i?iaeo?a, c?ace?a iaa/aeueiiai iaeaaeiaiiy, iai/iino?, oi?aae?iiy
oa i?aeaioiaea iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a oiui.

O 1951 ?. o ia?aaeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo caeeaae?a Aeaeai?? iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ??NO? aoiaeeei 30 caeeaae?a ina?oe, ye? iaee nai?i caaaeaiiyi
ia`?aeiaiiy ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? oai??? ? i?aeoeee, anaa?/ia aea/aiiy
aeina?aeo iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaae?a, ca`ycie iaa/aiiy c aeeooyi.

O 1966 ?. ia athaeaeao? Aeaaeai?? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe N?N? ciaoiaeeeinue
10 aenia?eiaioaeueieo oe?e ? o?e oeiee-eaai?aoi???, o yeeo ?acii c
o/eoaeyie i?iaiaeeeanue nenoaiaoe/ia aeine?aeia ?iaioa.

?acii c oei aiae?c noaio iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee ia?aieo aeey
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy eiea ieoaiue na?ae/eoue, ui
iacaaaeath/e ia iayai?noue ?yaeo i?aoeue oa noaoae ocaaaeueithth/iai
oa?aeoa?o, oey i?iaeaia ua ia noaea i?aaeiaoii oe?e?niiai iaoeiaiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A?aoiaoth/e aeooaeuei?noue cacia/aii? i?iaeaie, iaie aoei aecia/aii
oaio iaoeiaiai aeine?aeaeaiiy “I?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae
ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi??? iaoeiai? onoaiiae”.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoe?eia aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeiny a ?one? ii?aoethaaiiy
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? oaie “Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a oeie?-eaai?aoi???” eaai?aoi???th
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo ?iiiaaoe?e ?inoeoooo iaaeaaia?ee AII
Oe?a?ie o 1994-1997 ?.?.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae i?aai?caoe?? aenia?eiaioaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi???.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy coiiaeea iaiao?aei?noue ?ica`ycaiiy
oaeeo caaaeaiue:

1). I?iaiae?coaaoe noai aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie o
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??, a?o/eciyi?e oa ca?oa?aei?e
i?aeoeoe?.

2). ?ic?iaeoe oa ai?iaoaaoe iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aai?caoe??
ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi???, ieaioaaiiy ? i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

3). Aecia/eoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi???.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ? oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaathoue
o noai?aii? eiioeaioe?? oeiee-eaai?aoi??? iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii?
onoaiiae, a ii?aoethaaii? e ai?iaaoe?? no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? ??
ae?yeueiino?, a oai?aoe/ii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oioiaaieo oi?iao
o/ano? iaaeaaia?a oeiee a iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a ii?aoethaaii? oa
i?aeoe/i?e ai?iaaoe?? ii?iaoeaieo iniia ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi???,
a ii?aoethaaii? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei i?aai?caoe?? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii?
?iaioe a oeie? e oi?aae?iiy iath, uiaei aeai?o oaiaoeee aeine?aeaeaiue,
ieaioaaiiy ?o i?iaaaeaiiy, i?aeaaaeaiiy i?aenoie?a ? i?aeaioiaee
i?iiiceoe?e uiaei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a o oe?ieo
oe?eueio i?aeoeeo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aecia/aii no?oeoo?o oeiee-eaai?aoi??? oa
eiiiiiaioe, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?? ae?yeuei?noue; i?aeoe/ii
aeine?aeaeaii i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae ae?yeueiino?; ?ic?iaeaii
eiioeaioe?th oa iieiaeaiiy i?i oeieo-eaai?aoi??th iaoeiai? onoaiiae.

Ai?iaaoe?y aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeanue ia aac?
oeiee-?ioa?iaoo ? 23 i.Ee?aa. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue
ia Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo (i.Ee?a,1996 ?.;
i.Oa?nii, 1997 ?.; i.*a?eane, 1998 ?.; i.Noie, 1998 ?.; i.Naaanoiiieue,
1998 ?.); ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo nai?ia?ao (i.E?eaee ??a, 1998 ?.;
i.Ee?a, 1996, 1997, 1998 ?.?.), a?aeia?aaeaii o iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo
iin?aieeao oa noaooyo, iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeaii o 13
ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a (c ieo iaeia o ni?aaaoi?noa?): iaoiaee/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe??, o?e noaoo? o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, aea? noaoo? o aacaoao,
n?i noaoae o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue oa iaoa??aeao iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, aeaio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ianyaii 165 noi??iee, nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e ?c 207 aeaea?ae, 8 aeiaeaoe?a; ai?uo? 16 oaaeeoeue, 9
noai, 2 ae?aa?aie, 3 a?ao?ee.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaeaie, aecia/aii ia`?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo, caaaeaiiy, noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/io cia/ou?noue.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? — “Ae?yeuei?noue oeiee-eaai?aoi??? iaoeiai?
onoaiiae a oai??? ? i?aeoeoe?” — aena?oeth?oueny ?noi??y
aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeii? ae?yeueiino? na?aaei?o caeeaae?a ina?oe,
yea a?ae?a?a? iii?oio ?ieue o no/anieo oiiaao ?icaoaeiae iaoe?iiaeueii?
nenoaie ina?oe.

Aiae?c ?noi?eei-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e ca inoaii? ?iee iieacaa, ui
oeiee-eaai?aoi??? ?noi?e/ii caii/aoeiaai? c O? noie?ooy ye ca iaaeaie
iaoi? e?a?ie, oae ? o a?o/eciyi?e i?aeoeoe?. Iniiaiee aeae ?o
ae?yeueiino? iieyaaa a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e
ae?yeueiino?. ?acoeueoaoe aiae?co aeathoue i?aenoaae aeey aeniiaeo i?i:
a) iiceoeaia noaaeaiiy aei aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeii? ae?yeueiino?
caeeaae?a ina?oe iaaeaaia?/ii? ni?yiiaaiino? oa aea?aeaaieo i?aai?a
oi?aae?iiy ina?oith; a) nenoaiaoe/i?noue o aaeineiiaeaii?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a ina?oe; a)
iino?eia ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ina?oe ia an?o ?noi?e/ieo aoaiao ?icaeoeo
noni?euenoaa; a) nenoaiaoe/ia aena?oeaiiy oe??? i?iaeaie o
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i?e e?oa?aoo??.

Noai?aiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo oe?e iia`ycaia c ?iaiaie aeaeaoieo
o/aieo-o?einio?a: A??noioaeue, E.Ianoaeioeoe?, A.Neiai?iaea, A.Iaeiai,
A.A?ia, I.Aeae?ie?, ?. Eeaia?aae, I.Iaoa?nai, E.Ae.Ooeinueeee,
I.A.I?/a?a, N.O.Oaoeueeee; no/anieo o/aieo — I.I.Neaoe?i,
TH.E.Aaaainueeee, A.A.E?a?anueeee, ?.ss.Ea?ia?, A.I.Iiiaoia,
A.A.Aeaaeaeia, I.?.Iaoiooia, Ae.A.Aiooaei, I.?.Ia?eooaae/, A.?.Iiiincii,
?.O.Iai?iaei?eia, I.I.Iioaoiee, A.N.Iaea?aiei, A.I.Nooiieeinueeee;
iaaeaaia?a-i?aeoee?a — I.A.Caoa?aiei, I.I.Aocee, A.I.Aeo?iia,
A.?.Nieiaoa oa ?i.

?noi?e/ii aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aaeeny a aenia?eiaioaeueieo
caeeaaeao ina?oe, ae?oieo oeieao, ”oeieao a?aiioe”, e?oeayo, a?iiac?yo,
aeine?aeieo noaioe?yo, aeine?aeii-aeoiaieo caeeaaeao oiui. O no/anieo
oiiaao aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
noai?ththoueny aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaaeaaia?/i? iaeaeai/eee. Iaeiae, aiie
iaaeinoaoiuei caaacia/othoue iaeaaei? oiiae aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiaeo
aenia?eiaio?a ? oiio aeieeea iio?aaa o noai?aii? oa iaoeiaiio
iaa?oiooaaii? ae?yeueiino? oe?e-eaai?aoi??e iaoeiaeo onoaiia, ye? a
ii?aeioaaee aeine?aeio ?iaioo c i?aeoeeith iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy.

Iaie iaa?oioiao?oueny ?aeay, ui oeiea-eaai?aoi??y iaoeiai? onoaiiae /e
e?eueeio onoaiia ? i?aai?caoe?e — oea caeeaae ina?oe, yeee nenoaiii
aenia?eiaioo? nioe?aeueiicia/ou? ina?oi? iiaiaaaaeaiiy a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean oa caaacia/aiiy ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.
Iniiaieie i?eioeeiaie ?? ae?yeueiino? ? i??i?eoaoi? i?eioeeie
?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oe: aeaiie?aoecaoe?y, aoiai?caoe?y, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?y,
aoiai?oa?ecaoe?y, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy,
iaoe?iiaeueia ni?yiiaai?noue ina?oe ? aeoiaaiiy, ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano oiui.

Iaoith oeiee-eaai?aoi??? ? ?aae?caoe?y
nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ieo ?i?oe?aoea, ni?yiiaaieo ia noai?aiiy iiai?
i?aeoeee ina?oe, yea a a?ae??ciyeanue a?ae ?nioth/i? ci?noii,
i?aai?caoe?eiith no?oeoo?ith, nenoaiith oi?aae?iiy.

Aecia/ath/e nooi?noue ? niaoeeo?eo iaaeaaia?/ii? ae?yeueiino?
oeiee-eaai?aoi???, ie aeoiaeeee c iaiao?aeiino? a?aeoiaeo a?ae
oi?o?eiaaii? nenoaie ina?oe a Oe?a?i?, aei noai?aiiy aa??aoeaii?
nenoaie ina?oe ? i?aai?caoe?? oe?e iiaiai oeio (e?oea?a, a?iiac?e,
eieaaeae?a oiui), aa??aoeaii? no?oeoo?e iaa/aeueii-aeoiaieo caeeaae?a
(oeiee-eiiieaene, iiaeoeuei? oeiee oiui), aaaaoioeeaaeiino? oi?i
aeaniino? caeeaae?a ina?oe (aea?aeaaia, i?eaaoia, ci?oaia).

Iniiaieie eiiiiiaioaie, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ae?yeuei?noue
oeiee-eaai?aoi???, ?: 1) aecia/aiiy i?ia?aeii? ?aea? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo ?iiiaaoe?e; 2) noai?aiiy oiia aeey ?ic?iaee ii?iaoeaii?
aace ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeiee-eaai?aoi???; 3) noai?aiiy oiia aeey
?ic?iaee ? aenia?eiaiooaaiiy iiaeo iaa/aeueieo ieai?a, i?ia?ai,
i?ae?o/iee?a, iin?aiee?a, eo?n?a, niaoeeo?n?a oiui; 4)
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iinaaee canooiieea aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii?
?iaioe; 5) nenoaiaoe/ia i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia??a,
eiioa?aioe?e, e?oaeeo noie?a, iii?oi?eia?a oiui; 6) nenoaiaoe/ia
ea??aieoeoai ? eiinoeueooaaiiy iaoeiaeie i?aoe?aieeaie
a/eoae?a-aenia?eiaioaoi??a; 7) noai?aiiy iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo eaoaae?; 8)
iayai?noue o iaaeaaia?/iiio eieaeoea? a/eoae?a-aenia?eiaioaoi??a; 9)
caaacia/aiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe a/eoae?a oeyoii ii?aeueiiai oa
iaoa??aeueiiai caioi/aiiy ? noeioethaaiiy, noai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeii?
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace.

Iacaai? eiiiiiaioe ?aae?ciaaii a oeieao-eaai?aoi??yo, oaeeo ye:
oeiea-?ioa?iao ? 23 i.Ee?aa, na?aaeiy oeiea ? 24 i.Ee?aa — ?inoeoooo
iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie; oe?a?inueeee aoiai?oa?iee eieaae ? 272 i.Ee?aa
— Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa;
Naenaaainueeee iaoeiai-i?e?iaeie/ee e?oeae i. E?eaiai ?iao — Aeaaeai??
iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie oa ?i.

Oeiee-eaai?aoi??? nenoaiii ni?ai?aoeththoue c iaoeiaeie onoaiiaaie oa
aeueie caeeaaeaie ina?oe, aenooiathoue oai?/eie eaai?aoi??yie aeey
aenia?eiaiooaaiiy ?iiiaaoe?eieo iaaeaaia?/ieo i?iaeo?a, oai??e,
oaoiieia?e c ianooiiei ?o ?iciianthaeaeaiiyi o caeeaaeao ina?oe Oe?a?ie
? iathoue a?eueoo ?acoeueoaoeai?noue o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiio i?ioean?,
i?ae aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaaeaaia?/i? iaeaeai/eee.

Oae, ?c aecia/aieo aii??e/iei oeyoii 9 eiiiiiaio?a, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ae?yeuei?noue oeiee-eaai?aoi???, o aeayeeo
?aae?co?oueny eeoa 3, 4, 5 eiiiiiaio?a, oiae? ye o oeieao-eaai?aoi??yo
?inoeoooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie ?aae?ciaai? an? 9 eiiiiiaio?a.

Aeey oni?oiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeiee-eaai?aoi??? iaiao?aeia noai?aiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia, aei yeeo a?aeianaii
i?aai?caoe?ei?, ci?noia?, oaoiieia?/i? oa iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/i?
iiaiaaaaeaiiy.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? — “Oiiae aenia?eiaioaeueii? ae?yeueiino?
oeiee-eaai?aoi??? iaoeiai? onoaiiae” — ?ice?eoi ci?no
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo iiaiaaaaeaiue, ye? caaacia/othoue
ae?yeuei?noue oeiee-eaai?aoi???. Aei ieo a?aeianaii: i?aai?caoe?ei?
iiaiaaaaeaiiy, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ci?iaie o ii?iaoeai?e aac?
oeiee-eaai?aoi??? ; no?oeoo?i? — oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ci?iaie o no?oeoo??
oi?aae?iiy; ci?noia? — aa??aoeaieie iaa/aeueieie ieaiaie, i?ia?aiaie,
?ioaa?iaaieie i?aaeiaoaie, eo?naie, niaoeeo?naie; ?icaaeoaeaiith
ia?aaeath oaeoeueoaoea?a, ao?oe?a; aecia/aiiyi i??i?eoaoiino?
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo oa a?oiiaeo oi?i ae?yeueiino? c o/iyie;
oaoiieia?/i? — ci?iith ?aaeeio aeiy o/i?a; oi?iaie, iaoiaeaie oa
caniaaie iaa/aiiy oa aeoiaaiiy o/i?a.

I?aai?caoe?ei? iiaiaaaaeaiiy o no?oeoo?? oeiee-eaai?aoi???
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ci?iith ii?iaoeaii? aace, aei yei? a?aeianaii:
eiioeaioe?th oa iieiaeaiiy i?i oeieo-eaai?aoi??th. I?aai?caoe?ei?
iiaiaaaaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi??? iiaeai? o aeaeyae?
no?oeoo?ii? noaie (noaia 1).

Noaia 1.

1 2 5
6

4
9 7

3

8

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? ?ice?eoi no?oeoo?i?
i?ae?icae?ee ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi??? iaoeiai? onoaiiae:
oi?aae?iiy oa eiiieaeooaaiiy iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a oeiee-eaai?aoi???
cae?enith? ?? caniiaiee; aee?aeoi? oeiee-eaai?aoi??? ? ni?a?ia?oieeii
iaoeiai? onoaiiae (aai i?ecia/a?oueny iath) ? ni?ai?aoeth? c
eieaa?aeueiith ?aaeith oeiee; eieaa?aeueia ?aaea ? aeuei ea??aiei
i?aaiii, oiiaiiaaaeaiei ?icaeyaeaoe oa caoaa?aeaeoaaoe ieai ?iaioe
oeiee-eaai?aoi???, ieaie iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo eaoaae?, iaoeia? ?ic?iaee
a/eoae?a-aenia?eiaioaoi??a, aaoi?nuee? i?ia?aie, i?ae?o/ieee, iin?aieee,
iniaia? ni?aae eiieo?naio?a; i/ieth? eieaa?aeueio ?aaeo iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee onoaiiae-caniiaieea.

Aaaeeeaeie i?aai?caoe?eieie iiaiaaaaeaiiyie ? ae?yeuei?noue
canooiieea aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe, yeee aaciana?aaeiuei
i?aai?ciao? iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ?iaioo oeiee-eaai?aoi???; iaoeiaeo
eiinoeueoaio?a, ye? ni?eythoue ?? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiio caaacia/aiith.

Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia ?iaioa o oeie?-eaai?aoi??? cae?enith?oueny
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieie eaoaae?aie, ea??aieeaie yeeo ?
a/eoae?-aenia?eiaioaoi?e, ye? nenoaiaoe/ii caeiathoueny
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith ae?yeuei?noth i?ae ea??aieoeoaii iaoeiaeo
eiinoeueoaio?a onoaiiae- caniiaieea. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeii? ?iaioe
iaaiai?ththoueny ia can?aeaiiyo a?aeiia?aeieo eaai?aoi??e
onoaiiae-caniiaieea oa i?aenoieiaeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo.

Ea?oth/enue Iieiaeaiiyi i?i oeieo-eaai?aoi??th, a/eoae? oa
o/i? iiaeooue iaoe a?aeiia?aeii noaoon a/eoaey-aenia?eiioaoi?a oa
o/iy-aeaaeai?noa.

Ineoieia?/ia neoaeaa caaacia/o? eiioi?oi? oiiae ae?yeueiino?
oeiee-eaai?aoi???, ni?ey? o?ce/iiio oa ineo?/iiio i?e?iee?iaoo o
iaaeaaia?/iiio ? o/i?anueeiio eieaeoeaao.

O oiae? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue c`yniaaii, ui ci?ie a
i?aai?caoe?ei?e no?oeoo?? ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi??? aeaee iiceoeai?
?acoeueoaoe: aiae?oe/i? cae?aiino? o/i?a i?aeaeueeenue o na?aaeiueiio
ia 19,7 %, ??aaiue o/ano? a/eoae?a a aenia?eiaioaeuei?e ae?yeueiino?
oeiee-eaai?aoi??? c??n ia 15%.

Ci?noia? iiaiaaaaeaiiy o oeie?-eaai?aoi??? aecia/athoueny
oiiaaie ?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oe.

Aei ci?noiaeo iiaiaaaaeaiue oeiee-eaai?aoi??? a?aeianaii:
aenia?eiaioaeuei? iaa/aeuei? ieaie, i?ia?aie; ia?aaea oaeoeueoaoea?a,
ao?oe?a; i??i?eoaoi? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? oa a?oiia? oi?ie ae?yeueiino? c
o/iyie.

O iaa/aeueieo ieaiao oeiee-eaai?aoi??? ia?aaeaa/aii aeeiiaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai ? oe?eueiiai eiiiiiaioa noaiaea?oo ina?oe, oaeoeueoaoeai?,
?iaeea?aeoaeuei? oa a?oiia? caiyooy.

Aea?aeaaiee eiiiiiaio o oeie?-eaai?aoi??? iaoeiai? onoaiiae ia?aaeaa/a?
canai?iiy iaia`yceiaeo caaaeueiina?oi?o i?aaeiao?a ia ??ai? aea?aeaaieo
noaiaea?o?a na?aaeiuei? ina?oe.

I?io?eueia iaa/aiiy o oeie?-eaai?aoi??? ?icii/eia?oueny c 8-ai eeano ca
oaeeie iai?yieaie: aoiai?oa?ii-anoaoe/iee, o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/iee,
th?eaee/iee.

Aoiaeaeaiiy o ?a?iiaenueea oa na?oiaa iaaeaaia?/ia
ni?aoiaa?eoeoai, aeeeeeaei iio?aao aea/aoe ?iicaii? iiae c 1-ai eeano;
aeeeaaeaoe o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy oa caei?ia`y 4 ?ace ia oeaeaeaiue. Oea
iie?aueei ??aaiue ni?eeoaaiiy oa noai caei?ia`y o/i?a.

Oeiea-eaai?aoi??y iaoeiai? onoaiiae i?aoeth? a ?aaeei? iiaiiai
aeiy, aea a ia?o?e iieiaei? ae?oe aea/athoue aea?aeaaiee eiiiiiaio, a o
ae?oa?e iieiaei? — aeenoeeie?ie ?icaeaaeueiiai oeeeeo.

Aiaeeie oe?eueiiai eiiiiiaioo aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
anaa?/iiai ?icaeoeo o/i?a. Ia?aaeaa/aii aea/aiiy iaa/aeueieo i?aaeiao?a,
ye? iniaeeai ni?eythoue ?icaeoeia? oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a (aaiiao??y
oa eiino?othaaiiy, aeaiaioe iaoaiaoe/ii? eia?ee, oaoe, eiii`thoa?i? ?a?e
oa ?i.), oi?iothoue anaa?/iee aa?iii?eiee ?icaeoie iniaenoino?.

Ci?noia? iiaiaaaaeaiiy o oeie?-eaai?aoi??? cia?aaeai?
noaiaoe/ii ( noaia 2).

Noaia 2

Aaiiao??y oa

eiino?othaaiiy;

Aeaiioe iaoaia-

oe/ii? eia?ee;

Oaoe;

Iniiae oaao?aeue-

ii? ae?yeueiino?;

?eoi?ea oa oaioe?;

Eoeueoo?a

ni?eeoaaiiy;

?in?enueea

oa ?i.

Aiae?enueea

I?iaoeueea

I?ioyaii o?ueio ?ie?a aenia?eiaiooaaiiy o 38 a?aenioe?a o/eoae?a
aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue o aeine?aei?e ae?yeueiino?, o 74 a?aenioe?a —
i?aeaeueany oaoiaee ??aaiue, 31 a?aenioie — ii/aee ae?oeoaaoe aeani?
iaoiaee/i? oa iaoeia? ia?iaee, aaoi?nuee? i?ia?aie, i?ae?o/ieee.

O oiae? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeee, ui ?icaeaaeueiee oeeee aeenoeeie?i
iiceoeaii aieeaa? ia ?icaeoie o/i?a. ?acoeueoaoii ci?noiaeo
iiaiaaaaeaiue ? oa, ui ye?niee iieaciee ??aiy canai?iiy o/iyie
aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai c??n ia 24 %; i?aeaeueany ??aaiue iniaenoeo yeinoae
o/i?a, oaeeo, ye naiii?aai?caoe?y, naii?aae?caoe?y, naii?icaeoie,
?aoeaen?y, i?ciaaaeueia aeoeai?noue, iaiao?aei? aeey ?o aeeooy a oiiaao
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Oaoiieia?/i? iiaiaaaaeaiiy o iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean
oeiee-eaai?aoi??? aaaaeaii oae?: ?aaeeii? (oeiea iiaiiai aeiy) oa
iaoiaee/i? (oi?ie o?ie?a; oi?ie, iaoiaee oa caniae iaa/aiiy ?
aeoiaaiiy). Oe? iiaiaaaaeaiiy cia?aaeai? no?oeoo?ii o aeaeyae? noaie (
noaia 3).

Noaia 3

No?oeoo?a oaoiieia?/ieo iiaiaaaaeaiue o oeie?-eaai?aoi???

1-2 aiae. caiyooy Eiieo?ne
Neiaani? Iaeaoe

Naiii?aeaioiaea Oo?i??e
Iai/i? Iiaeae?

Ni?aeaiie EAE
?ai?iaeoeoeai? Ioeyae?

3-5 aiae. Caiyooy Aeine?aeaeaiiy
I?iaeaiii-iiuoe. Eieaeoe??

Ia?ae, a?aeii/eiie Iiceia? aoaee
Aeaaeoeoeai? I?eeaaee

6-7aiae.?icaea. aeenoe. ?aii?oaae?
?iaeoeoeai? Ea?oee-caaae

Naiii?aeaioiaea ?ioaa?iaai? o?iee
Aeeneon?? O?aiaaea?e

Eiii`thoa?i? ?a?e Aoeoe?iie
Eiio?ieuei? A?aeai

Aa/a?y Eaeoe??
oa ?i.
Aoae?i

Aeica?eey O?iee-eacee
OCI

AEeaa aacaoa

Oaaeeoe?

oa ?i.

Eieae

I?ae?o/ieee

Aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/ieo iiaiaaaaeaiue oaeeo ye: ai?iaoaaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaa/aeueieo ieai?a; aaoi?nueeeo i?ia?ai (c
“ooaeiaeuei? i?aoe?” — aaoi? Oaaeoi A.N., “ioceee” — Oanoiaiei A.A.,
”aeaiaio?a iaoaiaoe/ii? eia?ee” ? “aaiiao??? oa eiino?othaaiiy” — Noaeae
A.A.); iiaeo i?ae?o/iee?a (aiae?enueei? iiae c 1-ai ii 9-e ee., aaoi?
A.I.Ieaoioiee); no/anieo oi?i, iaoiae?a ? cania?a iaa/aiiiy,
i?aeoaa?aeeee, ui a o/i?a oi?io?oueny aeoeaia noaaeaiiy aei aoaeue-yeeo
aeae?a ae?yeueiino?, caoaeaeo?oueny i?ciaaaeueia aeoeai?noue. O
?acoeueoao? /iai c`yniaaii, ui ye?noue ciaiue o/i?a o iaa/aii?
i?aeaeueeanue ia 11%.

Caeo/aiiy a/eoae?a-aenia?eiaioaoi??a aei aenia?eiaioaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? ci?ieei iioeae ?o i?aoe?, aeeeeeaei aaaeaiiy ?ioaineaiiai
?icaeoeo ae?yeueiino?: (43,7 %) a/eoae?a i?iaiaeyoue ?ioaa?iaai? o?iee,
(39%) — o?iee o aeaeyae? “?ieueiaeo ?ai?”, (32%) — “iiceiaeo aoae” oa
?i. Anoaiiaeaii, ui a?eueo?noue o/eoae?a a?aeaea? ia?aaaao oaeei oi?iai
?iaioe, ye? aeathoue iiaeeea?noue aeey naiino?eiino?, aeyaeaiiy
?i?oe?aoeae, i?aeoe/iiai canoinoaaiiy ciaiue, ni?ai?aoe? c iaoeiaeie
ni?a?ia?oieeaie iaoeiai? onoaiiae, aea/aiiy iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii?
e?oa?aoo?e.

Iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/i? iiaiaaaaeaiiy oeiee-eaai?aoi???
aeicaieeee ii?aeueii oa iaoa??aeueii noeioethaaoe oa caioi/oaaoe
o/aniee?a aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano.

Iaoa??aeueia caaacia/aiiy ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi??? aeaei
iiaeeea?noue a aenia?eiaioaeueieo eeanao ciaioeoe e?euee?noue o/i?a o
eean? (aei 20 o/i?a), cai?iaaaeeoe iiae?e eean?a ia a?oie i?e aea/aii?
oe?a?inueei?, ?iicaiieo iia oa i?e i?iaaaeaii? caiyoue c eiii`thoa?ieo
?ai?, ooaeiaeiuei? i?aoe?; aaanoe eaeoe?ei?, nai?ia?nuee? oa i?aeoe/i?
caiyooy.

Aeey o/i?a-aeaaeai?no?a ? a/eoae?a-aenia?eiaoaoi??a aaaaeaii
noeiaiae?aeueiee oiiae.

C o?aooaaiiyi no/anieo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo oiia
?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie ina?oe, o oeie?-eaai?aoi??? noai?eeanue iaaia
no?oeoo?a o?iainoaaiiy, yea aecia/a? ye athaeaeaoi? aneaioaaiiy, oae ?
?io?. Iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/i? iiaiaaaaeaiiy iiaeai? noaiaoe/ii (noaia 4).

Noaia 4

Iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/i? iiaiaaaaeaiiy o oeie?-eaai?aoi???

Oeiea-eaai?aoi??y iaoeiai? onoaiiae ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
a?aee?eoa, aeeiai?/ia, nioe?aeueii-iaaeaaia?/ia nenoaia, yea ia`?aeio?
o/i?a, a/eoae?a, iaoeiaeo ni?a?ia?oiee?a, ?ioeo noa`?eo?a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano aeey aeinyaiaiiy ina?oiuei? iaoe.

O oeie?-eaai?aoi??? oi?io?oueny oai?/a aoiinoa?a, yea ia?aaeaa/a?
iino?eia i?ioan?eia naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy, aeoiaaiiy ii/oooy iiaaae aei
oai?/i? ae?yeueiino? iaaeaaia?a oa o/i?a, noai?aiiy eiioi?oiiai
ii?aeueii-ineoieia?/iiai ee?iaoo, aeia?ice/eeaino?, aca?iiiiaaae,
ia`?oeaii? ioe?iee ? naiiioe?iee, a?aeiia?aeaeueiino?, e?eoeee ?
naiie?eoeee, aeenoeeie?ie ? naiiaeenoeeie?ie.

Aenieee ??aaiue aca?iiae??, ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa, ni?ai?aoe?
oeiee-eaai?aoi??? ? iaoeiai? onoaiiae ? aaaeeeaei iaoai?ciii oai?/iai
?icaeoeo iaaeaaia?/iiai eieaeoeao ? caniaii ?icaeoeo a/eoae?a.

Aenia?eiaiooaaiiy oa aaeaioaoe?y iaaeaaia?/ieo iiaiaaaaeaiue ni?eythoue
ia?aaaaeaiith o/i?a c iiceoe?? “niiaeeaa/a” iaoeiai? i?iaeoeoe?? aei
iiceoe?? “ni?ao/anieea” ? “ae?iaieea”, ia?aaaaeaiiy a/eoae?a o
eaoaai??th a/eoaey-aenia?eiaioaoi?a.

I?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? iiaiaaaaeaiiy, ye?
aenia?eiaiooaaeenue i?ioyaii 1993-1997 ?.?. o oeie?-eaai?aoi???
(oeiea-?ioa?iao ? 23 i.Ee?aa), i?aeoaa?aeeee, ui ?ic?iaeaia no?oeoo?a
ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi??? ?ioaineo?eo? i?ioean aenia?eiaiooaaiiy
iaaeaaia?/ieo iiaaoe?e oa iaaea? iiaeeeaino?: iaoeiaei ni?a?ia?oieeai
iia?aoeaii io?eioaaoe ?acoeueoaoe iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe aeey
iiaeaeueoi? ?o ei?aeoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a nenoaio ina?oe; a/eoaeyi oa
o/iyi oe?e — i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeii?
ae?yeueiino?, ui aeiiiiiaa? aaeaiooaaoeny aei iie?oe/ieo, aeiiii?/ieo,
nioe?aeueieo ci?i, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny o iao?e e?a?i?.

Ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ii? oa aeine?aeii?
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aea? i?aenoaae aeey oaeeo aeniiae?a:

?noi?e/iee aeina?ae oa no/ania iaaeaaia?/ia i?aeoeea na?ae/aoue, ui a
?noi??? iaaeaaia?ee cia/ia i?noea a?aeaiaeeeiny i?aai?caoe??
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe o na?aaei?o caeeaaeao ina?oe, cie?aia o
oeieao-eaai?aoi??yo, ae?yeuei?noue yeeo ni?yiiaaia ia nenoaiaoe/io
aenia?eiaioaeueio ?iaioo i?ae aaciina?aaei?i ea??aieoeoaii iaoeiai?
onoaiiae. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? oeiee nenoaie ina?oe noaee ia?aaeoiiaith
noai?aiiy oe?e-eaai?aoi??e iaoeiai? onoaiiae.

Eiioeaioe?y oeiee-eaai?aoi??? aeoiaeeoue c oiai, ui ?? noai?aiiy aea?
onoaiia?-caniiaieeo nenoaiaoe/ii i?iaiaeeoe ?ic?iaeo, aenia?eiaiooaaiiy,
ai?iaaoe?th oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo iaaeaaia?/ieo i?iaeo?a, oaoiieia?e o
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiee i?ioean, ii?aeiaoe iaoeo c i?aeoeeith ? iaaiaee.

Ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeiee-eaai?aoi??? iaoeiai? onoaiiae iiaeeeaa ca oiia
?aae?caoe?? eiiiiiaio?a, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?? ae?yeuei?noue, oa
noai?aiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo oiia: i?aai?caoe?eieo (noai?aiiy
ii?iaoeaii? aace); ci?noiaeo (aenia?eiaiooaaiiy iaa/aeueieo ieai?a,
i?ia?ai, i?ae?o/iee?a, iin?aiee?a, eo?n?a, niaoeeo?n?a oiui);
oaoiieia?/ieo (?aaeeii? — oeiea iiaiiai aeiy, iaoiaee/i? — oi?ie o?ie?a,
aeoeai? oi?ie, iaoiaee oa caniae iaa/aiiy ? aeoiaaiiy, oi?aae?iiy);
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo (ii?aeueia oa iaoa??aeueia noeioethaaiiy on?o
o/aniee?a iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano oeiee-eaai?aoi??? ca ?aooiie
aeiaeaoeiaeo o?iainiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue).

A?aeiia?aeii aei Iieiaeaiiy i?i oeieo-eaai?aoi??th iaoeiai? onoaiiae
caaacia/o?oueny ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y nenoaie iaa/aiiiy ? ni?yioaaiiy
ina?oe ia ?icaeoie oai?/eo oa ?ioaeaeooaeueieo cae?aiinoae o/i?a, aeey
i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a — i?iaiaeeoe aeia?? eaae??a, ye? a
a?aeiia?aeaee iao? aeine?aeaeaiue. Oaiaea i?i ni?a?ia?oieoeoai oa
ieaioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi???, oiiae
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaiooaaiiy, ni?yiiaothoue caeeaaee
ina?oe ia iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ae?yeuei?noue.

Aeeiiaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia ioiieth? an? noi?iie i?iaeaie
aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeiiai caeeaaeo ina?oe. Cie?aia, iio?aaothoue
iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy aenia?eiaioaeueia ina?oiy ae?yeuei?noue o/aniee?a
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano na?aaeiueiai caeeaaeo ina?oe.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeaii a ioae?eaoe?yo
aaoi?a:

Oaaei?iaa I.O. Oeiea-eaai?aoi??y: nooi?noue oa niaoeeo?ea ae?yeueiino?.
// Iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio ye /eiiee ?aoi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii?
ina?oe. -E.: Ina?oa, 1998. -256 n.

Oaaei?iaa I.O. C aeina?aeo i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aiiy a aenia?eiaioaeueieo
eeanao oeiee-?ioa?iaoo ? 23 i.Ee?aa. / Aeoiaiee i?ioean o no/ani?e
oeie?: oai??y oa i?aeoeea. /.1. -*a?i?a?a. 1996. -N.65-68.

Oaaei?iaa I.O. Aenia?eiaio ye can?a ?icaeoeo ?iaeea?aeoaeueiino?. /
?i?aeae no/anii? oeiee. I?aeoe/ii-ci???ioiaaiee iin?aiee ca ?aae.
?.A.??iaeiaa. -E.: ae?. “ Oeiiiiinoa/iao”, 1997. -N.331-333.

Oaaei?iaa I. *aoa/i?eiaa I.Nenoaiaoecaoe?y oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ciaiue c
iaoaiaoeee. // Ii/aoeiaa oeiea. 1997. -? 9. N.24-25.

Oaaei?iaa I.O. Ia e?oeae, ia a?iiac?y, a oeiea-eaai?aoi??y. Nooi?noue oa
niaoeeo?ea. // Aee?aeoi? oeiee. 1998. -? 7. aa?acaiue.

Oaaei?iaa I.O. Iaoa??aee i?i noai?aiiy oa ooieoe?iioaaiiy
oeiee-eaai?aoi??? i?e iaoeia?e onoaiia? (iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??).
-E.: oia. “I?aeia?iaeia o?iainiaa aaaioe?y”, 1998. -70n.

Oaaei?iaa I.O. Aieea ?icaeaaeueiiai oeeeeo ia ?icaeoie iniaenoino? //
Iaaeaaia?/ia iaoea: iiooee, caeiaooee, caaaeaiiy. -E.: Iaaeaaia?/ia
aeoiea, 1997. -147n.

Oaaei?iaa I. Eoeueoo?ieia?/i? eo?ne o oeie?-eaai?aoi??? AII Oe?a?ie //
Ienoaoeoai oa ina?oa. -1998. -? 3. -N.36-37.

Oaaei?iaa I. ?ieue ? i?noea canooiieea aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii?
?iaioe a ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi???. //Aee?aeoi? oeiee 1998. ? 30.
18 /a?aiy.

Oaaei?iaa I.O. I?i aea/aiiy aeaiaio?a iaoaiaoe/ii? eia?ee o
oeie?-eaai?aoi???. /Iia? iaaeaaia?/i? oaoiieia?? c i?iaeaie aoiai?caoe??
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a ina?oi?o caeeaaeao. Iaoa??aee
i?aeia?iaeii? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? 27-28 n?/iy 1998 ?.
-*a?eane.: *IIIII, 1998. -N.62-64.

11.Oaaei?iaa I.O. ?icaeoie oai?/eo cae?aiinoae o/i?a o
oeie?-eaai?aoi???. //Iaoaiaoeea a oeie?. -1998. — ? 4,-N.30-31.

12.Oaaei?iaa I. O/eoaeue-aenia?eiaioaoi? — iniiaiee o/aniee
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a oeie?-eaai?aoi???. // ?i?aeae oeiee ia
ii?ic? OO? noie?ooy. -E. -1998.

13. Oaaei?iaa I.O. Canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe o
oeie?-eaai?aoi???. //Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Iaaeaaia?/i? iaoee.
Aeione ? 4. -Oa?nii.: IAeI “Iiaa Oe?a?ia”, 1998. -109n.

Oaaei?iaa I.O. I?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae ae?yeueiino?
oeiee-eaai?aoi??? iaoeiai? onoaiiae. -?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.01 — oai??y oa ?noi??y iaaeaaia?ee —
?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee AII Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeothoueny i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae
ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi??? iaoeiai? onoaiiae. Iaa?oioiaaii
i?aai?caoe?ei?, ci?noia?, oaoiieia?/i? oa iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/i?
iiaiaaaaeaiiy, ye? caaacia/othoue ?? ooieoe?iioaaiiy. ?ice?eoi
nooi?noue oa niaoeeo?ea ae?yeueiino? oeiee-eaai?aoi???; eiiiiiaioe, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?? ae?yeuei?noue. Cai?iiiiiaaii iiaeaeue
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e oeiee-eaai?aoi???, no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ae?yeueiino?, ?ic?iaeaii eiioeaioe?th oa iieiaeaiiy
i?i oeieo-eaai?aoi??th iaoeiai? onoaiiae.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: oeiea-eaai?aoi??y, iiaiaaaaeaiiy,
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? oiiae ae?yeueiino?.

Oaaei?iaa I.O. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey aeayoaeueiinoe
oeieu-eaai?aoi?ee iao/iiai o/?aaeaeaiey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.01 — oai?ey e enoi?ey iaaeaaiaeee. —
Einoeooo iaaeaaiaeee AII Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeothony i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea
oneiaey aeayoaeueiinoe oeieu-eaai?aoi?ee iao/iiai o/?aaeaeaiey.
Iainiiaaiu i?aaiecaoeeiiiua, niaea?aeaoaeueiua, oaoiieiae/aneea e
iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneea iiaiaaaaeaiey, eioi?ua iaania/eaatho a?
ooieoeeiie?iaaiea. ?ane?uou nouiinoue e niaoeeoeea aeayoaeueiinoe
oeieu-eaai?aoi?ee; eiiiiiaiou, oa?aeoa?ecothuea a? aeayoaeueiinoue.
I?aaeeiaeaia iiaeaeue i?aaiecaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u oeieu-eaai?aoi?ee,
no?oeoo?a oi?aaeaiey iao/ii-enneaaeiaaoaeueneie aeayoaeueiinoueth,
?ac?aaioaiu eiioeaioeey e iieiaeaiea i oeiea-eaai?aoi?ee iao/iiai
o/?aaeaeaiey.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: oeiea-eaai?aoi?ey, iiaiaaaaeaiea,
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea oneiaey aeayoaeueiinoe.

Fedorova N.F. Organizing-pedagogikal conditions of the
school-laboratory activities of the scientific establiahment —
manuscript.

The thesis for acquiring for scientific degree of the Candidate of
pedagogical sciences — the theory and history of pedagogy, speciality
13.00.01. The Institute of Pedagogy of the Academy of Pedagogical
Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1998.

This thesis investigates the Organizing — pedagogical conditions of
the school-laboratory activities of the scientific establishment.
Organizing, content, technological and material technical innovations,
providing its fynctioning have been given.

The essence and specifics of the school-laboratory activities have been
shown; the of scientific-research activities are suggested. The
conception and status of the school-laboratory of the scientific
establishment is worked out. components chavactevizing its activities.

The model of organizing structure of the school-labjratory,
the structure of ruling

Key words: school-laboratory, innovation, organizing-pedagogical
conditions aktivities.

1 2 5
6

4
9 7

Noaia 2.3. No?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue ae?yeueiino? eieaa?aeuei?aaee
oeiee-eaai?aoi???

PAGE

PAGE 17

Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? eaoaae?e

Caniiaiee —

iaoeiaa onoaiiaa

Aee?aeoi? oeiee

Canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe

Ineoieia?/ia

neoaeaa

Iaoeia?

eiinoeueoaioe

A/eoae?-

aenia?eiaioaoi?e

Eieaa?aeueia ?aaea

O/aiue

Ci?noia? iiaiaaaaeaiiy

Iaa/aeuei? ieaie ? i?ia?aie

Oe?eueiee eiiiiiaio

Aea?aeaaiee eiiiiiaio

Oaeoeueoaoeae

TH?eaee/iee i?io?eue

O?ceei- iaoaiaoe/-

iee i?io?eue

Aoiai?oa?ii-anoaoe/iee i?io?eue

Ao?oee

?iaeea?aeoaeuei? caiyooy

O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a ? caei?ia`y

?iicaii? iiae

Oaoiieia?/i? iiaiaaaaeaiiy

Caniae

?aaeei aeiy

Iaoiaee

Oi?ie

Iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/i? iiaiaaaaeaiiy

O?iainiaa caaacia/aiiy oeiee-eaai?aoi???

Iaiiaithaai?noue eean?a

Eiooe niiini??a

A?aee?eooy aeaniiai ?aooieo

Iaoa??aeueia noeioethaaiiy o/i?a

Iaoa??aeueia noeioethaaiiy o/eoae?a

Aee?aeoi? oeiee

Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? eaoaae?e

Cnooiiee aee?aeoi?a c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ?iaioe

Caniiaiee —

iaoeiaa onoaiiaa

Ineoieia?/ia

neoaeaa

Iaoeia?

eiinoeueoaioe

A/eoae?-

ae/ia?eiaioaoi?e

Eieaa?aeueia ?aaea

O/aiue

Eieaa?aeueia ?aaea

O/eoaeue-

aenia?eiaioaoi?

Iaoeia?

eiinoeueoaioe

Canooiiee

aee?aeoi?a

Aee?aeoi?

Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i?

eaoaae?e

Ineoieiai-iaaeaai-

a?/i? eiin?e?oie

O?ai?iae

Iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? nai?ia?e

E?oae? noiee

Aoanoaoe?y

Eiinoeueoaoe??

Eo?ne ia?ai?aeaiaoiaee

Oai?/? a?oie

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