.

Організаційно-економічний механізм захисту вітчизняних товаровиробників: Автореф. дис… канд. екон. наук / Н.В. Коваленко, Східноукр. держ. ун-т. — Л

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14

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

NO?AeIIOE?A?INUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OAeE 339.13.025

Eiaaeaiei Iaoae?y Aaea???aia

I?AAI?CAOe?EII-AEIIII?*IEE IAOAI?CI CAOENOO A?O*ECIssIEO
OIAA?IAE?IAIEE?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.02 – I?aei?e?iieoeoai, iaiaaeaeiaio oa ia?eaoeia

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa

aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Eoaainuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?th aeeiiaii ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee oa oi?aae?iiy Aeiiaanueeiai
a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai ?inoeoooo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie (i.
Ae/aanuee).

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeia?a Aiaoie?e ?naeiae/,

Aeiiaanueeee
a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiee ?inoeooo

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie,
caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee oa oi?aae?iiy.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Oo?aoeueeee Ieaa Aiae??eiae/,

Iaeanueea aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y
oa?/iaeo

oaoiieia?e I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe

Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e

aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino? (i.
Iaeana);

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Iac?iiaa Iaoae?y Eiinoyioeiiaia,

caa?aeoth/a naeoi?ii aeiiii?/iiai

aiae?co Oaaea?aoe?? i?ioni?eie

Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a)

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee i?iieneiaino?

Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe

Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e i?iaeai
?aa?iiaeue-

ii? aeiiii?ee (i. Aeiiaoeuee).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 20 n?/iy 2000 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 29.051.01 o No?aeiioe?a?inueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 91034, Eoaainuee – 34, ea.
Iieiae?aeiee,20a.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe?
no?aeiioe?a?inueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 91034,
Eoaainuee – 34, ea. Iieiae?aeiee,20a.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 15 a?oaeiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Eica/aiei A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeiiii?ea Oe?a?ie iiaiith i??ith a?ae/oea
iaaaoeai? iane?aeee aeo?niaiiy c ?eieo a?o/eciyieo oiaa??a. Aeaaeae?
a?eueoa e?euee?noue i?aei?e?ioe?a, aeiiii?no?a, i?aaenoaaiee?a aeaaee e
ea??aiee?a i?aei?e?inoa noeey?oueny aei iaiao?aeiino? aaeineiiaeaiiy
ae?th/iai iaoai?cio caoenoo aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae ?
a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a.

Na?oiaee aeina?ae iieaco?, ui o/anoue o i?aeia?iaeiiio ?iciiae?e?
i?aoe? i?eiineoue aeiiii?/io aeaiaeo eiaei?e ?c e?a?i-o/aniee?a o?eueee
o aeiaaeeo, yeui aiia ia aaaea aei cieaeaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa a
iaoe?iiaeuei?e aeiiii?oe? oa i?aeaeuo? caeiyo?noue ianaeaiiy.

I?ioean oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i? noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny
noaiiaeaiiyi iaoai?cio caoenoo a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a. O ia??iae
i?iaaaeaiiy ?aoi?i aeei?enoiaoaaeeny oae? oi?ie i?aeo?eiee
iaoe?iiaeueieo ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a, ye ?aaoethaaiiy ?iii?oo, iiaeaoeia?
i?eueae, aea?aeaaia o?iainiaa noeioethaaiiy. Iaeiae aiane?aeie
aeaoeaio?ae?caoe?? ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?, ia?aaea/? ainiiaea?nueeei
no?oeoo?ai i?aa ia cae?eniaiiy ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino?,
neeaaeiiai aeiiii?/iiai noaiiaeua ia aioo??oiueiio oa ciai?oiueiio
?eieao, a oaeiae /a?ac a?aenooi?noue i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo ae?th/ee
iaoai?ci caoenoo iaoe?iiaeueieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ia aeaa i/?eoaaieo
?acoeueoao?a. Ianyae ae?iaieoeoaa i?iaeoeoe?? o an?o aaeocyo aeiiii?ee
cieaeothoueny, c?inoa? aac?ia?ooy, ca?eueoo?oueny e?euee?noue ?iicaiieo
oiaa??a ia aioo??oiueiio ?eieo. Oaeei /eiii, i?iaeaia caoenoo
a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a noaea i?iaeaiith aeiiii?/ii? ? nioe?aeueii?
aaciaee Oe?a?ie.

O a?eueoino? e?a?i c ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith aaea iaeiie/aii aaaaoee
aeina?ae ? noi?iiaaii ae?eia? iaoai?cie caoenoo iaoe?iiaeueieo
ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a. Oe?a?inueea aeiiii?ea ia? ?yae niaoeeo?/ieo
iniaeeainoae, ye? iieyaathoue o ia?icaeiooino? ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei oa
o?iainiai-e?aaeeoii? nenoaie, a?aenooiino? aeinoaoiueiai aeina?aeo
?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee oiui. Oiio aeieea?
iio?aaa a oaeineiiaeaii? ae?th/iai i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio
caoenoo a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, yeee ae, c iaeiiai aieo,
a?aoiaoaaa aeina?ae ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i, a, c ?ioiai aieo, iaoe?iiaeueio
niaoeeo?eo no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei.

Aeiaaaeaia coiiaeei aea?? oaie aeena?oaoe??, iaoo oa caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.
Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo aeeiiaii o a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c ieaiii
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Eoaainueei? o?e?? ?inoeoooo
aeiiii?ei-i?aaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? Iaoe
Oe?a?ie ca oaiith “I?aai?caoe?ei? oa aeiiii?ei–i?aaia? oiiae
?icaeoeo ciai?oiuei-aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ?aa?iio (ia i?eeeaae?
Eoaainueei? iaeano?)”, oeo? 3.1.10.10.

I?aaeiao oa ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci caoenoo a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a
a oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee.

sse ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy acyoi i?aei?e?inoaa aoa?eueii? ?
iaoaeo?a?eii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
? eiiieaenia ?ic?iaea oai?aoe/ieo, iaoiaee/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo ieoaiue
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caoenoo a?o/eciyieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei ?o ?aae?caoe??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoe ae??oaii
ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ae?th/iai i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio
caoenoo iaoe?iiaeueieo ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a;

aea/aii ii?iaoeaii-caeiiiaeaa/o aaco oi?ioaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caoenoo a?o/eciyieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a;

ioe?iaii aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue ?icoe?aiiy ?eieo a?o/eciyieo
oiaa??a;

aeine?aeaeaii caeoee a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie aiane?aeie iae?eoe/iiai
?iii?oo oiaa??a;

iaa?oioiaaii i?aeoiaee uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/iai
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caoenoo a?o/eciyieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a;

aeine?aeaeaii aieea ?icaeoeo ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo cayce?a ia
ae?iaie/i-i?aei?e?iieoeueeo ae?yeuei?noue o ?aa?ii? ? ia iae?iaeiiii?/i?
iieacieee;

i?iaaaeaii aiae?c aoaeoeaiino? i?aeoe/iiai aeei?enoaiiy i?aeoiae?a
uiaei oi?ioaaiiy no?aoaa?? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo cayce?a i?aei?e?inoa
?aa?iio.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeaea?aea ?ioi?iaoe??.
Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe noaee
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy eeanee?a aeiiii?/ii? iaoee, i?aoe?
a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a, caeiiiaeaa/? aeoe Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie, Aeae?aoe
? iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie, Oeace I?aceaeaioa Oe?a?ie.

sse niaoe?aeuei? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, a aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai?
iaoiaee noaoenoe/iiai, ii??aiyeueii-aeiiii?/iiai, oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iiai ?
eia?/iiai aiae?c?a, iaoiaee iaoeiai? aano?aeoe??, a oaeiae ?io? iaoiaee
iaoeiaiai i?ciaiiy nooiino? aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a.

Aeaea?aeii ia?aeiii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aoee aeai? noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino?
I?i?noa?noaa noaoenoeee Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae aeai? noaoenoe/ii? ca?oiino? e
aiae?oe/ieo ianoaaeaiue o?iainiaeo oa aeiiii?/ieo ?acoeueoao?a
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai eiiieaeno.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a,
ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno, iieyaa? a ianooiiiio:

oaeineiiaeaii i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci caoenoo
a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ia i?aenoaa? a?aooaaiiy iaaeie?e?a ae?th/i?
nenoaie ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ieo cayce?a ? ??aiy ?icaeoeo
ae?iaie/i-i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? a e?a?i?;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo e?euee?nii? ioe?iee ?ici??o ie?aieo aeae?a
caeoe?a a aeiiii?oe? Oe?a?ie a?ae ?icoe?aiiy iae?eoe/iiai ?iii?oo
oiaa??a;

cai?iiiiiaaii e?eoa??e aoaeoeaiino? iae?eoe/iiai ?iii?oo uiaei
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee a oe?eiio, ui i?aeaeuo? oi/i?noue ioe?ithaaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? eiie?aoieo iai?yi?a e?aa?ae?caoe?? ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino?;

aecia/aii iai?yiee aaeineiiaeaiiy aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee
i?aei?e?inoa-aenii?oa??a ia i?aenoaa? a?aooaaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino?
a?o/eciyieo i?aei?e?inoa;

noi?iiaaii iiiyooy aeiiii?/iiai iao??ioecio ye aeaiaioa
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caoenoo a?o/eciyieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue eiai iioe?aiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?
i?aeoiae?a aei aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio
caoenoo a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a; ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee, yea aeicaiey?
i?iaiae?coaaoe aoaeoeai?noue eiie?aoieo iai?yie?a e?aa?ae?caoe??
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? oa aecia/eoe ??aaiue caoenoo
ae?iaiee?a c eiaeii? oiaa?ii? a?oie; ?ic?iaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
nei?i/aiiy ?iii?oo aeayeeo oiaa?ieo a?oi ii ?aa?iiao Oe?a?ie c iaoith
?icoe?aiiy ianya?a ?aa?iiaeueiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, caeiyoino? ianaeaiiy oa
noaa?e?caoe?? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? neooaoe??.

Iaoeiaa oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii?
oai?aoe/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue oaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caoenoo a?o/eciyieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, a oaeiae o ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo iniia aiae?co
caeoe?a a aeiiii?oe? a?ae iioe?aiiy ?iii?oo oiaa??a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy oa ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caoenoo iaoe?iiaeueieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ? ?icaeoeo ae?iaie/i-i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaiey?:

i?aeaeueoe iaa?oioiaai?noue oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue o aaeoc? caoenoo
a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a;

canoinoaaoe ia i?aeoeoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ?aa?iiaeueii? iie?oeee, ye? aacothoueny ia
i?eioeeiao caoenoo a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a;

cae?enithaaoe aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueiiai ??aiy ieoa, aeoiaey/e c
ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa oa ?ioa?an?a
iaoe?iiaeueieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a.

Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? o oi?i? aeiiia?ae? iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
can?aeaii? Eeoao aee?aeoi??a o i?no? sseoa a o?aai? 1999 ?ieo.
I?iiiceoe?? iaea?aeaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo e aoee iiaeai? aei Eaa?iaoo
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe oa ioae?eaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeeny ia iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?yo, o oiio /ene? ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo “?aa?ii: no?aoaa?y aeaeeaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo”
(i.Aeiiaoeuee,1996 ??e) oa “?iaanoeoe?eia i?iaeooaaiiy no?eeiai
?aa?iiaeueiiai ?icaeoeo” (i.E?aiaoi?nuee,1998 ??e)),iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? Aeiiaanueeiai a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiiai ?inoeoooo
(i.Ae/aanuee,1996 ??e).

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 7 ?ia?o
caaaeueiei ianyaii 8,4 ae.a., c eio?eo iniaenoi aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue –
3,8 ae.a.

No?oeoo?a e ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? 179 noi??iie
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, aeeth/ath/e 24 oaaeeoe? e 8 ?enoie?a. Nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 128 iaeiaioaaiue iiaeaii ia 11 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe?EII? ?IAIOE

O aeena?oaoe?? ia i?aenoaa? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue caoeuathoueny
oae? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy.

?icae?e 1. Oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy oa aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii – aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caoenoo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a.

Aea/aiiy aeina?aeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i o aaeoc? caoenoo
iaoe?iiaeueieo ae?iaiee?a iieacaei, ui oi?ioaaiiy aoaeoeaiiai iaoai?cio
caoenoo aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaae e a?o/eciyieo ae?iaiee?a ?
iaiao?aeiith oiiaith aeoiaeo c e?ece i?e aoaeue-ye?e aeiiii?/i?e
iiaeae?.

I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci caoenoo a?o/eciyieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a yaey? niaith nenoaio ca’yce?a i?ae noa’?eoaie
i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino?, aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie ea?oaaiiy ?
niiaeeaa/aie i?iaeoeoe??, ui caaacia/o? a?eueo ni?eyoeea? oiiae
ae?yeueiino? e ?icaeoeo iaoe?iiaeueieo ae?iaiee?a i?iaeoeoe?? ? iineoa.
Aieiaiei eiai i?ecia/aiiyi ? aoaeoeaia i?aeo?eiea iaoe?iiaeueieo
ae?iaiee?a c iaoith iiaeaeueoiai c?inoaiiy aeiiii?ee e?a?ie.

Iniiai? no?oeoo?i? aeaiaioe i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio
caoenoo a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a iiaeai? ia ?en.1.

?en.1 Iniiai? no?oeoo?i? aeaiaioe ae?th/iai i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai
iaoai?cio caoenoo a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a.

Aei iniiaieo no?oeoo?ieo aeaiaio?a i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai
iaoai?cio caoenoo iaoe?iiaeueieo ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a iaeaaeaoue:
o?iainiai-e?aaeeoi? aaaeae?; nenoaia caaacia/aiiy aeinooio aei iiai?
oaoi?ee ? i?ia?aneaieo oaoiieia?e; caeiiiaeaanoai ? i?aaia? ii?ie;
?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy; iioeaaoe?y oiaa?iniiaeeaa/?a.

O?iainiai-e?aaeeoi? aaaeae?, ye iaeei c aeaiaio?a i?aai?caoe?eii –
aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caoenoo a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a,
yaeythoue niaith niieo/aiiy iiaeaoeiai?, e?aaeeoii? oa ?iaanoeoe?eii?
iie?oeee, ui noeioeth? ae?yeuei?noue iaoe?iiaeueieo ae?iaiee?a.

Nenoaia caaacia/aiiy aeinooio aei iiai? oaoi?ee e i?ia?aneaieo
oaoiieia?e iieyaa?, ianaiia?aae, o noai?aii? oiia ? aeae?eaii? eioo?a
aeey oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae aeae?eaii?
oe?eueiaeo eioo?a ia i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?
aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ia?o.

Caeiiiaeaanoai e i?aaia? ii?ie, ye iaeei c iniiaieo
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo aeaiaio?a iaoai?cio caoenoo a?o/eciyieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, iiaeii? caaacia/oaaoe aoaeoeaia ieoia ?aaoethaaiiy;
ae??oaiiy iie?oeei-i?aaiaeo i?iaeai ?iaanoi??a ? oei naiei noai?aiiy
ni?eyoeeaiai ?iaanoeoe?eiiai ee?iaoo, oi?ioaaiiy noeioethth/iai
caeiiiaeaanoaa aeey ?aioaaaeueii i?aoethth/eo i?aei?e?inoa ? o.ae.

Aaaeeeaith oiiaith c?inoaiiy eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? iaoe?iiaeueii?
aeiiii?ee ? eiinoeueoaoeaii-?ioi?iaoe?eia caaacia/aiiy. Nueiaiaei?
??aaiue ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai caaacia/aiiy iaaaaaoi a?aenoa? a?ae ??aiy
ia?aaeiaeo e?a?i. E??i oeueiai, ne?ae a?aecia/eoe iac??eo
iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaethaaiiy ?io?ano?oeoo?e ciai?oiuei? oi?a?ae?.

Iioeaaoe?y oiaa?iniiaeeaa/?a a?ae?a?a? o caoeno? iaoe?iiaeueieo
ae?iaiee?a ia iaio cia/io ?ieue, i?ae ia?a?aoiaai? aeua aeaiaioe. A
oaia??oi?e /an ? aeioe?eueiei aieea ia iioeaaoe?th oiaa?iniiaeeaa/?a ca
aeiiiiiaith ?icaeoeo a ieo aeiiii?/iiai iao??ioecio.

Aiae?c i?aeoeee caoenoo a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a a Oe?a?i?
aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui noai?aiiy iaae?eiiai e aoaeoeaiiai
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caoenoo a?o/eciyieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a ? iaiao?aeiith oiiaith ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee, onoiaiiy
aeao?oeeoo aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo, niaaeo ae?iaieoeoaa, caiia?aaiiy
c?inoaiith aac?ia?ooy ? nioe?aeueii? iai?oaeaiino?.

?icae?e 2. Iae?i- e i?e?i- neeaaeia? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai
iaoai?cio caoenoo a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a a oiiaao ?icaeoeo
i?aeia?iaeiiai aeiiii?/iiai iai?io.

Ia caoeno a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a cia/ii aieeaathoue /eiieee
iae?iaeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o oa /eiieee, ye? ae?thoue ia ??ai?
i?aei?e?inoa.

O oaia??oi?e /an ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee iaeiei c
iaeaaaeeea?oeo aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ae?yeuei?noue
i?aei?e?inoa, ? eo?n a?eai?. A aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi aieea
aeaaaeueaaoe?? a?eai? ia aoaeoeai?noue a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Aiae?c
na?oiaiai aeina?aeo iieacaa, ui aeaaaeueaaoe?y iaoe?iiaeueii? aaethoe
noai?th? eiieo?aioi? ia?aaaae a?o/eciyiei ae?iaieeai ia?aae ?iicaiieie.
Ia i?aenoaa? aeeiiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy anoaiiaeaii, ui iacia/io
aeaaaeueaaoe?th oe?a?inueei? a?eai? iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye iaeei ?c
ae?th/eo aaaeae?a i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caoenoo
a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a.

Aei iaeaaaeeea?oeo /eiiee?a iae?iaeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, ye?
aieeaathoue ia caoeno iaoe?iiaeueieo ae?iaiee?a oiaa??a, iiaeia
a?aeianoe ianya iae?eoe/iiai ?iii?oo oiaa??a a Oe?a?io.

?icaeoie ae?th/iai iaoai?cio caoenoo aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a
aea?aeaae e a?o/eciyieo oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, a oaeiae caaacia/aiiy eiai
aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeiaaa? ?ic?iaee iaoiaee/iiai caaacia/aiiy
aiae?co caeoe?a a aeiiii?oe? a?ae c?inoaiiy ?iii?oo oiaa??a, ui iiaee a
ae?iaeyoeny a aeinoaoi?e e?eueeino? e ani?oeiaio? i?aei?e?inoaaie
e?a?ie.

O noi?iiaai?e nenoai? ?eieiaeo noeioe?a aeiiii?/i? ?ioa?ane
noa’?eo?a, caeiyoeo ?aae?caoe??th ?iii?oieo oiaa??a, ?oi?i niiaeeaaiiyi,
? aea?aeaae ia caaaeaee ca?aathoueny. Iai?eeeaae, iioe?aiiy ?aae?caoe??
? niiaeeaaiiy a?eueo aeaoaaeo ?iii?oieo oiaa??a aaaea aei c?inoaiiy
iioi/ieo i?yieo i?eaooe?a oeeo noa’?eo?a. Iaeiae o iaeaeeae/?e
ia?niaeoea? /a?ac cieaeaiiy ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa a?o/eciyieo
oiaa??a-aiaeia?a a?aeaoaeaoueny cieaeaiiy iiaeaoeiaeo iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei
athaeaeao?a ? oe?eueiaeo oiiae?a on?o ??ai?a, c?inoa aac?ia?ooy ?
ca?eueoaoueny aeo?aoe ia iii’yeoaiiy eiai iane?aee?a. sse ?acoeueoao,
aea?aeaaa ciooaia ca?eueooaaoe oe?iiaa ? iiaeaoeiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
ianaeaiiy, ia i?aoethth/? i?aei?e?inoaa, o oiio /ene? e o?, ui
niiaeeaathoue ?iii?oio i?iaeoeoe?th.

I?ae /an ooaaeaiiy ??oaiiy i?i ?iii?o oiai aai ?ioiai aeaeo
i?iaeoeoe??, aiaeiae yeiai ae?iaeythoue a Oe?a?i?, i?iiiio?oueny
a?aoiaoaaoe caeoee, ui iana aeiiii?ea e?a?ie o ca’yceo c ?iii?oii
i?iaeoeoe??. Aeey ioe?iee oeeo caeoe?a o aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii
a?aeiia?aeio iaoiaeeeo. Aiia aeicaiey?:

i?iaiae?coaaoe aoaeoeai?noue eiie?aoieo iai?yie?a e?aa?ae?caoe??
ciai?oiueiaeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? e aecia/eoe aeioe?euei?noue caoenoo
ae?iaiee?a ii eiaei?e oiaa?i?e a?oi?;

aecia/eoe iioeiaeueiee ??aaiue ieoa, aeoiaey/e c ia?niaeoea
?icaeoeo a?o/eciyiiai ae?iaieoeoaa e ?ioa?an?a iaoe?iiaeueieo
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a;

aecia/eoe iiaeeea? caeoee a iaoe?iiaeuei?e aeiiii?oe? a eiaeiiio
eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo i?e i?iaaaeaii? aenia?oece c ieoaiue e?ea?aeaoe??
aaeeeeo i?aei?e?inoa.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iiaeaii? a aeena?oaoe?? iaoiaeeee caaaeuei? caeoee
aea?aeaae a?ae cai?ie a?o/eciyieo oiaa??a ?iii?oieie iiaeooue aooe
aecia/ai? a oaeee niin?a:

I = I1+ I2 +I3 +I4 + I5 + I6 ,
(1)

aea I1- caeoee aea?aeaae a?ae cieaeaiiy a?ae?aooaaiue o aea?aeaaiee ?
i?noeaa? athaeaeaoe, ??ci? oiiaee i?aei?e?inoaaie, ui ae?iaeythoue
oiaa?e-aiaeiae;

I2 – caeoee aea?aeaae a?ae cieaeaiiy a?ae?aooaaiue o aea?aeaaiee ?
i?noeaa? athaeaeaoe, ??ci? oiiaee i?aei?e?inoaaie, ui iinoa/athoue
iaoa??aeuei? ?ano?ne ? iaaeathoue iineoae i?aei?e?inoaai, ye?
aeioneathoue oiaa?e-aiaeiae;

I3 – aeiaeaoeia? aeo?aoe aea?aeaae ia aeieaoo aeiiiiiae ii
aac?ia?ooth ? anoaiiaeaiith aeeoeiaeo noaneae?e i?aoe?aieeai, ui
iicaoeeny ?iaioe;

I4 – caeoee aea?aeaae, iia’ycai? c? nei?i/aiiyi iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei
oe?eueiaeo oiiae?a a?ae ca?ia?oii? ieaoe i?aoe?aiee?a, ui ao?a/athoue
?iaioo;

I5 – aeiaeaoeia? aeo?aoe aea?aeaae, iia’ycai? c aeo?aoaie ia
ia?aeaae?o?eaoe?th i?aoe?aiee?a;

I6 – aeiaeaoeia? aeo?aoe aea?aeaae, iia’ycai? c aeeaa?neo?eaoe??th
ae?iaieoeoaa ? cae?eooyi i?aei?e?inoa, ui aeioneathoue oiaa?e-aiaeiae.

Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy eiaeiiai aeaeo aeuaaeeeaaeaieo
caeoe?a iiaeaii a aeena?oaoe??.

E??i aeuaaeacaieo caeoe?a ne?ae aecia/eoe ? caeoee, ui aaaeei
i?aeaeathoueny oi?iae?caoe??. Aiie iia’ycai? c ??cieie
nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/ieie /eiieeaie – no?aeeaie, ?ioeie aeoe?yie i?ioanoo.

Oaeei /eiii, i?e ooaaeaii? ??oaiiy i?i ?iii?o oiai aai ?ioiai
aeaeo i?iaeoeoe??, ui ia? aiaeia o a?o/eciyiiio ae?iaieoeoa?, iaiao?aeii
c?noaaeyoe i?yiee i?eaooie, ui iaea?aeothoue athaeaeaoe an?o
??ai?a ? niiaeeaa/? a ?acoeueoao? i?eaeaaiiy ?iii?oii? i?iaeoeoe??,
oa caeoee athaeaeao?a on?o ??ai?a ? oe?eueiaeo oiiae?a a?ae cai?ie
a?o/eciyieo oiaa??a ?iii?oieie.

O oaia??oi?e /an iniaeeao aeooaeuei?noue iaaoei ieoaiiy ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?iii?oo aoa?eey a Oe?a?io. Aoa?eueia
i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie ? iniiaiei iinoa/aeueieeii aia?aiiin??a aeey
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee, aa?aioii aeiiii?/ii? iacaeaaeiino? e?a?ie.

A?aeioneaiiyi oe?i ia aoa?eey, e?aa?ae?caoe??th aenii?oii-?iii?oieo
iia?aoe?e aeey aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoa e?a?ie noai?aii
iaeiieo?aioi-ni?iiiaei? oiiae ?iaioe. O aeiea?ia?e ioe?ioe? oe?ia
?iii?oiiai aoa?eey aeyaey?oueny aeecueeith aei oe?a?inueei?, ui
caoe?eaaeth? a?o/eciyieo niiaeeaa/?a o ?icoe?aii? eiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Cae?eniai? ?ic?aooiee iieacothoue, ui a inoaoi/iiio i?aenoieo
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo, iaea?aeoaaiee a?o/eciyieie niiaeeaa/aie a?ae
aeei?enoaiiy ?iii?oiiai aoa?eey, iaa?oa?oueny aaee/acieie caeoeaie aeey
aea?aeaae. *a?ac aeayeee /aniaee eaa caeoee ianooue ? nai? niiaeeaa/?
aoa?eey o aeaeyae? iiaeaoeiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui iineeth?oueny.

Aei caeoe?a, ui iana aea?aeaaa, iiaeia a?aeianoe oae?.

Ii-ia?oa, ?iii?o aoa?eey aaaea aei cieaeaiiy eiai aeaeiaooeo a
e?a?i?. C? cieaeaiiyi ianyao aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey cieaeothoueny
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy o aeaeyae? iiaeaoe?a ? cai??a aei aea?aeaaiiai
? i?noeaaeo

athaeaeao?a, ??cieo oiiae?a. A?aeiia?aeii aei aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
oe? iiaeaoee e a?ae?aooaaiiy noaiiaeyoue 15-45% a?ae ianyao ?aae?caoe??
i?iaeoeoe??. I?e cieaeaii? ianyao ?aae?caoe?? i?eaeecii a oae?e
i?iii?oe?? cieaeothoueny noie oeeo iiaeaoe?a ? a?ae?aooaaiue.

Ii-ae?oaa, c? ciaioaiiyi aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey caeeoathoueny
iaci?iieie aa?aio?? aea?aeaae uiaei aeieaoe i?aoe?aieeai anoaiiaeaieo
?aa?anieo iicia?a ? iaeii?aciaeo aeiiiiia. Oe? aeieaoe
ia?aeeaaeathoueny ia nia?aa?o?noue iaioiai aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey. A oea
oaeiae /eiae? noie.

Ii-o?ao?, yeui cieaeaiiy aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey a Oe?a?i? aoaea
a?aeaoaaoeny ia ca ?aooiie cae?eooy oaoo, a ca ?aooiie cieaeaiiy
aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey ia ie?aieo aoa?eueieo i?aei?e?inoaao, oi c?inoa
nia?aa?o?noue eiai aeaeiaooeo o ca’yceo ?c ca?eueoaiiyi /anoee
oiiaii-iino?eieo aeo?ao.

Ii-/aoaa?oa, cieaeaiiy ianyao aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey a Oe?a?i? aaaea
aei nei?i/aiiy ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a, niiaeeaaieo
aoa?eueiith i?iieneia?noth, a?aeiia?aeii ciaioothoueny iaaeoiaeaeaiiy
aei aea?aeaaiiai ? i?noeaaeo athaeaeao?a, oiiae?a a?ae
i?aei?e?inoa-iinoa/aeueiee?a oeeo ?ano?n?a. C?iaeaiee aiae?c iieaco?,
ui /anoea oeeo a?ae?aooaaiue c i?aei?e?inoa, ui iinoa/athoue ?ano?ne,
ia?aaeuo? /anoeo a?ae?aooaaiue ?c oaoo ? ae?iaie/eo ia’?aeiaiue ii
aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey. I?e cieaeaii? ianyao aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey ii
eaioethaeeo a?aeaoaeaoueny niaae iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei aea?aeaaiiai ?
i?noeaaeo athaeaeao?a, oiiae?a a?ae i?aei?e?inoa, ye? iinoa/athoue
iaoa??aee oa caaacia/othoue ii?iaeueio ?iaioo oaoo. Cie?aia, ca?aeii c
aeeiiaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie, oe? a?ae?aooaaiiy noaiiaeyoue,
a?aeiia?aeii: ii i?aei?e?inoaao, ui iaaeathoue iineoae ae?iaie/iai
oa?aeoa?o aoa?eueiei i?aei?e?inoaai – 31-45%, ii iaoaeo?a?eieo
i?aei?e?inoaao – 11%, ii i?aei?e?inoaao a??ie/iai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy – 23%
a?ae ianyao ?aae?caoe?? i?iaeoeoe??.

Ii-i’yoa, ?c c?inoaiiyi ?iii?oo aoa?eey aeieeathoue ? nioe?aeuei?
i?iaeaie. Ia ?en. 2 iiaeaii e?euee?noue ?ia?oiee?a, ye? ao?a/athoue
?iaioo a ??cieo eaieao eaioethaa cayce?a aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? o
cayceo c i?eaeaaiiyi iaoith aea?aeaaith eiaeii? oeny/? oiii ?iii?oiiai
aoa?eey.

O aoa?euei?e aaeoc? ao?a/athoue ?iaioo 6 /ieia?e, ia i?aei?e?inoaao,
ui iaaeathoue iineoae ae?iaie/iai oa?aeoa?o aoa?eueiei i?aei?e?inoaai –
3 /ieia?ee, ia i?aei?e?inoaao a??ie/iai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy – 0,8, ia
i?aei?e?inoaao iaoaeo?a?eiiai eiiieaeno – 0,05.

1 – aoa?euei? i?aei?e?inoaa, 2 – i?aei?e?inoaa, ui iaaeathoue iineoae
ae?iaie/iai oa?aeoa?o aoa?eueiei i?aei?e?inoaai, 3 – i?aei?e?inoaa
a??ie/iai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, 4 – i?aei?e?inoaa iaoaeo?a?eiiai eiiieaeno.

?en. 2 E?euee?noue ?ia?oiee?a, ye? ao?a/athoue ?iaioo a ??cieo eaieao
eaioethaa cayce?a aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? o cayceo c i?eaeaaiiyi iaoith
aea?aeaaith eiaeii? oeny/? oiii ?iii?oiiai aoa?eey.

E??i aeuaaeacaieo caeoe?a ne?ae cacia/eoe ? caeoee, iia’ycai? c?
nei?i/aiiyi iaaeoiaeaeaiue aei oe?eueiaeo oiiae?a a?ae ca?ia?oii? ieaoe
i?aoe?aiee?a, ui ao?a/athoue ?iaioo; caeoee, iia’ycai? c aeo?aoaie ia
ia?aeaae?o?eaoe?th i?aoe?aiee?a oaoo oa ?ioeo i?aei?e?inoa aoa?eueiiai
eiiieaeno, ??ciiai ?iaeo nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/i? /eiieee.

?ic?aooiee ca iaoiaeeeith, cai?iiiiiaaiith a aeena?oaoe??,
iieacaee: ui??/ii, eoioth/e 20 iei. oiii ?iii?oiiai aoa?eey, aeiiii?ea
Oe?a?ie ao?a/a? iaeaea iaeei i?euey?ae a?eaaiue, ui ii??aiyii c
aa?o?noth anueiai ?iii?oiaaiiai aoa?eey.

sse iieaco? i?aeoeea inoaii?o ?ie?a, i?ioean ia?aoiaeo i?aei?e?inoa
ia aeione iiai? iiiaieeaoo?e i?iaeoeoe?? ? o?eaaeei ? oai?iaeeaei.

Ia?ai?io?e?caoe?y ? iiooe ?eieiai? i?o?, a?aeiiaeaiiy eieeoi?o ianya?a
ae?iaieoeoaa iiaeooue o?eaaoe 5-10 ? a?eueoa ?ie?a. A?aeiia?aeii, on?
oe? ?iee aoaea caoaeaia aaca athaeaeaoieo iaaeoiaeaeaiue. Iaiao?aeii
cacia/eoe, ui ia?ai?io?e?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa aeiaaa? aaeeeeo
eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao. Ia?niaeoeaa aeae?eaiiy eioo?a aeey eai?oaeueieo
aeeaaeaiue a oiiaao athaeaeaoiiai aeao?oeeoo ? cieaeaiiy ianya?a
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeioiaeo aeaeyaea? aeoaea i?iaeaiaoe/iith.

Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaiiai aiae?co e ?ic?aooie?a iiaeia
cai?iiiioaaoe oaeee e?eoa??e aeiiii?/ii? aeioe?eueiino? caeoi?ae?
?iii?oiiai aoa?eey:

Oe iio.?ii.

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