29

Iaoe?iiaeueia Aeaaeai?y iaoe Oe?a?ie

?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie

Ia i?aaao ?oeiieno

OAeE 332.132

Oieioa Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/

I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe?? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii?
iie?oeee oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy

(ia i?eeeaae? *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy)

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoei?

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiiii/ieo iaoe

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 08.10.01 —

?iciiuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ? ?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? ?oeiienii

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia a ?aae? ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie
IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee -aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio IAI Oe?a?ie Aei?iaoioeia Na?a?e ?aaiiae/ — ?aaea ii
aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, aieiaa ?aaee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe :

*a?ithe Ethaeieea A?eai??aia, aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?io., ?aaea ii
aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, caa. a?aeae?eii;

Ie?eiee ss?ineaa Aiaaeaiiae/, aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, Iaoe?iiaeueiee
oi?aa?neoao ?i. O.A.Oaa/aiea, i?ioani? eaoaae?e

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a, a?aeae?e iaoiaeieia?? ?
iaoiae?a eiiieaeniiai ?icaeoeo ?aa?ii?a .

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “7” a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo i 16-30 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.160.01 ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, Ee?a-32,
aoeueaa? O.Oaa/aiea, 60, III iiaa?o.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?aaee ii aea/aiith
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 252032, Ee?a-32,
aoeueaa? O.Oaa/aiea, 60.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “3“ eenoiiaaea 1998 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

aeieoi? aaia?ao?/ieo iaoe I.N.Eiaaeaiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. A oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy iiaiai oeio
aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei o noni?euenoa? iniaeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue
ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio caaacia/aiiy
?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy. A
oeueiio ca’yceo ia ia?oee ieai iinoathoue ieoaiiy aecia/aiiy
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo iniaeeainoae oi?ioaaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii?
iie?oeee ia oa?eoi??yo ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, iiooe iaea?eueo
iioeiaeueieo oi?i cai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy, noaiiaeaiiy iiaeo oi?i ? iaoiae?a
ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo.

Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee, ye? i?iaiaeyoueny ye a Oe?a?i?, oae ? ca ?? iaaeaie, o
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a, oi?eathoueny ieoaiue aecia/aiiy oi?i ?
iaoiae?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo oa?eoi??yo,
aea/aiiy oiia oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? iiaeo
oa?eoi??aeueii-ae?iaie/eo eiiieaen?a, ye? ooo ooai?ththoueny, nooiino?
nioe?aeueii? iie?oeee ? ?ie? nioe?aeueii? noa?e a ?? cae?eniaii?.
Iaiaaeai?noue oaei? iinoaiiaee ieoaiiy i/aaeaeia.

Niaoeeo?ea ?icaeoeo *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy, ii/aoeiaee aoai
noaiiaeaiiy yei? i?ioiaeea o ia??iae e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a eaoano?ioe
ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN i?e aei?noe?e nenoai? aea?aeaaiiai eiio?ieth, a
oaeiae no/aniee e?eciaee noai aea?aeaae, aeiaaathoue iiooeo aioo??oi?o
?aca?a?a ?aa?iio aeey ?? ?icaeoeo. Oiio eiioeaioe?y anaa?/ii?
aea?aeaaii? i?aeo?eiee ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy, yea ae?? aei aeaiiai /ano,
oaeoe/ii naaa ae/a?iaea. Aeieea? ia’?eoeaia iaiao?aei?noue ia?aoiaeo aei
oi?ioaaiiy iiai? no?aoaa??, ui aacoaaeany a ia i?eioeeiao
naiicaaacia/aiiy.

On? oe? iiiaioe iaoiiaeee aea?? oaie, aecia/eee iaoo, caaaeaiiy oa
no?oeoo?o aeaiiai aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie. Oaia aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?nii iia’ycaia c iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie ?iaioaie, ui i?iaiaeyoueny a
?aae? ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie, cie?aia:
“I?iaiic ?icaeoeo ? ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie”,
“Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?iaeii-?ano?niiai iioaioe?aeo oa ia?niaeoea
aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie (?aa?iiaeueiee ?ic??c)”,
“Eiiieaeniee i?iaiic iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ? nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie”, “Aea?aeaaia i?ia?aia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai
?icaeoeo “Iie?nny”, yea aeeiioaaeanue ?AIN Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie ca?aeii
Iinoaiiae Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie a?ae 28.04.94 ?. ?252.

Aaoi? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe a?aa aaciina?aaeith o/anoue o iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo ?aaee ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie
c oe??? i?iaeaie, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ca’ycie aeena?oaoe?? c oaiaoe/iei
ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?AIN.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? oai?aoe/ieo, iaoiaeieia?/ieo ?
i?aeoe/ieo iieiaeaiue oi?ioaaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee aea?aeaae a
oiiaao ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee oa iiaiai i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai
iaoai?cio ?? cae?eniaiiy ia oa?eoi??yo ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy,
iaa?oiooaaii? eiioeaiooaeueieo iniia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?aa?iio ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy.

Aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iaoiiaeei iaiao?aei?noue ae??oaiiy ianooiieo
caaea/:

· ?ice?eooy noo? ? ci?noo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?aa?iio
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, ye ia’?eoa aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co;

· iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoeiaeo i?aeoiae?a ? oeyo?a ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy a ia??iae ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei;

· aea/aiiy iniaeeainoae ? no/aniiai noaio ooieoe?iioaaiiy
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy ;

· ?ic?iaea iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei caaacia/aiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy
?icaeoeo ?aa?iio ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ;

· iaa?oiooaaiiy aa??aio?a ?icaeoeo aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? oa?eoi???
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy oa i?iaaaeaiiy ?? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai
?aeiioaaiiy;

· ?ic?iaea iaoiaeieia?? ? iaoiae?a ioe?iee iane?aee?a eaoano?ioe ia
*AAN ? i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a ii iaiaaeaiith aieeao oe??? aaa??? ia
?icaeoie i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie;

· c o?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/ieo, aeieia?/ieo, iaaee/ieo, aeaiia?ao?/ieo,
ineoieia?/ieo oa i?aaiaeo aniaeo?a eaoano?ioe ia *AAN ?ic?iaea
ia?oi/a?aiaeo ? aeiaaino?ieiaeo i?iiiceoe?e caeiiiaeaa/ei ? aeeiiaa/ei
i?aaiai aeaaee c ieoaiue e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a eaoano?ioe ?
aaeineiiaeaiith no?oeoo?e oa oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? ?aa?iio
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noeoii?noue
oai?aoe/ieo, iaoiaeieia?/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai oi?ioaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aae?caoe?? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii?
iie?oeee uiaei oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei ooieoe?iioaaiiy
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy a oiiaao cae?eniaiiy aeiiii?/ieo
?aoi?i.

Iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oai?aoe/iith ? iaoiaee/iith
iniiaith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe neoaoaaee ooiaeaiaioaeuei? iieiaeaiiy
aeiiii?/ieo oai??e ?aaoethaaiiy i?ioean?a noni?eueiiai oa ?aa?iiaeueiiai
?icaeoeo, oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiai? i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa, a oaeiae
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo.

A ?iaio? aeei?enoai? no/ani? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, cie?aia —
nenoaiiiai i?aeoiaeo oa aiae?co, aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy,
aeno?aiieyoe?? oa aiaeia?e, aaeainiaee, aano?aeoii-eia?/iee, aenia?oieo
ioe?iie oiui. Noeoii?noue ia?ae?/aieo iaoiae?a oa i?eeii?a neeaaea?
iaoiaeeeo aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeyoue caeiiiaeaa/? oa ii?iaoeai?
aeoe uiaei iiaea?i?caoe?? aeiiii?ee, nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo oa caoenoo
ianaeaiiy; aiae?oe/i? oa noaoenoe/i? iaoa??aee I?iaeiiii?ee,
Aea?aeeiinoaoo oa I?io?io Oe?a?ie, i?aeia?iaeieo o?iainiaeo
i?aai?caoe?e; ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a c
oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo,
i?aoe? ca?oa?aeieo iaoeiaoe?a, iaoa??aee iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?e, neiiic?oi?a, nai?ia??a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy noeoiiino? oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo
i?iaeai oi?ioaaiiy iiaiai i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio
?aae?caoe?? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaai? oa iaa?oioiaai? ianooii? iaoeia?
iieiaeaiiy, ye? a?aecia/athoueny iiaeciith ? ?ice?eaathoue eia?eo
aeine?aeaeaiiy oa iniiaio eiioeaioe?th aeena?oaoe??:

· ?ic?iaeai? oai?aoe/i? iniiae oi?ioaaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee
oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, ye? caaacia/othoue aca?iica’ycie
? caaeainiaai?noue aeiiii?/ieo, nioe?aeueieo ? aeieia?/ieo oe?eae
?icaeoeo ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy;

· ?icoe?ai?, iiaeeaeai? ? eiie?aoeciaai?, a?aeiinii iei?oi?o
iniaeeainoae Oe?a?ie, iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee iioaioe?aeo
oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, aecia/aia eiai nooi?noue,
iaa?oioiaaia niaoeeo?ea ?icaeoeo nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/ieo i?ioean?a o
ia??iae i?iaaaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?aoi?i;

· ?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ? iaa?oioiaai? iaoeia?
i?aeoiaee aei oi?ioaaiiy aa??aio?a ?icaeoeo oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy Oe?a?ie, ye? aacothoueny ia iiaeeeainoyo nioe?aeueii
i???ioiaaii? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee;

· ?ice?eoi nooue ? ci?no nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?aa?iio
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, ye ia’?eoa aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co;

· cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaeieia?y ? iaoiaeeea nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?aa?iio ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa oeyoe ??
?aae?caoe??;

· iaa?oioiaaii iaoeia? i?aeoiaee ? oeyoe ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy a ia??iae ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo
a?aeiinei;

· ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei caaacia/aiiy i?iaiicoaaiiy
?icaeoeo ?aa?iio ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy ;

· iaa?oioiaaii aa??aioe ?icaeoeo aeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? oa?eoi???
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy oa i?iaaaeaii ?? ooieoe?iiaeueia
?aeiioaaiiy;

· iiaeeaeaii iaoiaeieia?th ? iaoiaee ioe?iee iane?aee?a eaoano?ioe ia
*AAN ? i?io?eaeoe/i? caoiaee ii iaiaaeaiith ?? aieeao ia ?icaeoie
i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie;

· ?ic?iaeaii ia?oi/a?aia? ? aeiaaino?ieia? i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a eaoano?ioe ? aaeineiiaeaiith no?oeoo?e oa
oa?eoi??aeueii? i?aai?caoe?? nioe?aeueii? noa?e a ?aa?ii?
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, cie?aia.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoai? c iaoith oaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
*i?iiaeeuenueeei ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeei eiiieaenii cii a?ae/oaeaiiy ?
aacoiiaiiai iaia’yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoaii i?e ?ic?iaoe?
Caeii?a Oe?a?ie “I?i i?aaiaee ?aaeei oa?eoi???, ui caciaea
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe”,
“I?i iiaiaeaeaiiy c ?aae?iaeoeaieie a?aeoiaeaie”, Eiioeaioe??
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie, Iinoaiiae
Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie ”I?i aaei?i?no?aoe?th ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy”,
Iinoaiiae Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie “I?i noai aaciaee ? ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo yaea?ii? aia?aaoeee Oe?a?ie ? i?iaeaie, iia’ycai? c cae?eooyi
*i?iiaeeuenueei? AAN”, i?iaeoo Caeiio Oe?a?ie c ieoaiue nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo i?aoe?aiee?a *AAN ? aeeoae?a i. Neaaooe/a o ca’yceo c
aeino?ieiaei aeaiaeii aeie?a *AAN ?c aenieoaoaoe?? oa ?yaeo ?ioeo
ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii i?iaaaeaii eiiieaenia
aeine?aeaeaiiy noeoiiino? oai?aoe/ieo ? i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai oi?ioaaiiy ?
?aae?caoe?? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy.

Cae?eniaii iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy no?aoaa?? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee
aea?aeaae o ?aa?ii? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, iiaeeaeaii
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy ye
ia’?eoo aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co, aecia/ai? oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/i?
i?aeoiaee aei ?icaeoeo ?aa?iio ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy a iiaeo
oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?iaiaai? ? ciaeoee ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a aaaaoueio
aea?aeaaieo aeoao, i?aeia?iaeieo ca?oao, aeiiia?aeyo. Aaoi?
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaeiei c iaoeiaeo ea??aiee?a ?ic?iaee
“Eiioeaiooaeueieo iieiaeaiue oi?ioaaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee
oa?eoi??? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy”, eiai i?iiiceoe?? ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o ca?oao I?III a Oe?a?i? c i?iaeai
ethaenueeiai ?icaeoeo a Oe?a?i? ca 1995 ? 1996 ??. ?acoeueoaoe
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeenue ia 10 i?aeia?iaeieo ? 12
a?o/eciyieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo, ye? a?aeaoeenue a ia??iae 1992-1997
??., o oiio /ene? I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
?a?iiaenueei? Eii?n?? c ieoaiue ?aae?ieia?/ieo iane?aee?a
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe (I?inuee, 1996); I?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
“Aeanyoe??//y i?ney *i?iiaeey: ioe?iea iane?aee?a aaa???” (Aano??y,
A?aeaiue, 1996) oa ?ioeo.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 25
ae?oeiaaieo ?iaioao ianyaii 32 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo? (10.6 aaoi?nueeeo).

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
3 aeaa, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e, yeee aeeth/a? 183
iaeiaioaaiiy. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 152 noi??ieao ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo,
?ethno?iaaia 10 oaaeeoeyie, 7 ?enoieaie, 3 noaiaie.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe:

Anooi

?icae?e 1. Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy

1.1. Iaoeia? iniiae nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oa?eoi??e
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy.

1.2. Iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei aecia/aiiy iniiaieo iai?yi?a oa oeyo?a
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy

?icae?e 2. Iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy

2.1. No/aniee noai ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa caaaeuei? eiioeaiooaeuei?
iieiaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy

2.2. Ooieoe?iiaeueia ?aeiioaaiiy oa?eoi??? *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie
a?ae/oaeaiiy oa i?iaiic aeieia?/ii? neooaoe??

2.3.I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
ia oa?eoi??? *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy

?icae?e 3. Aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio
ooieoe?iioaaiiy *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy

3.1. Oaeoi?e i oiiae, ui aecia/athoue iaiao?aei?noue i aeioe?euei?noue
iiaeaeueoeo no?oeoo?ieo ci?i *i?iiaeeuenueeiai
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno

3.2. Iai?yie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? *i?iiaeeuenueeiai
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno oa eiai eaiie

3.3.Aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e i?ae?icae?e?a iniiaii?
ae?yeueiino? *i?iiaeeuenueeiai ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno

Aeniiaee

Nienie aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? ?ice?eoi aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??, nooi?iue
aeine?aeaeaiino? i?iaeaie, ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie oaiaie;
noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy; aeeeaaeaii iaoiaeieia?th,
iaoiaeeeo oa ?ioi?iaoe?eio aaco aeine?aeaeaiiy; iaa?oioiaaii iaoeiao
iiaecio io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a oa ?o i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy; a?aecia/aii
nooi?iue ai?iaaoe?? oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a aeiiii?/io i?aeoeeo iniiaieo
?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy; aeae?eaii iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa o
?ic?iaeo iaoeiaeo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy
?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy”
aecia/aii i?e/eie iia??oaiiy aeiiii?/iiai noaio *i?iiaeeuenueeiai
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno, aeioe?euei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy
iinooiiaeo ci?i o eiai i?aai?caoe?ei?e no?oeoo??, iai?yie
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?aa?iio ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy, i?iaeaie nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oa?eoi??e
?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy.

A?aecia/aii, ui eaoano?ioa ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e aoiii?e aeaeo?inoaioe??
i?ecaaea aei ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy 50.5 oen. ei2 oa?eoi???
Oe?a?ie, aea cina?aaeaeaii 2294 ianaeaieo ioieo?a (c 763 i?iaaaeaia
aaaeoaoe?y ianaeaiiy a 1986 ?ioe?) c ianaeaiiyi aeecueei 2,5 iei. /ie.,
o o./. — 544 oen. ae?oae. Ciia iaia’yceiaiai a?aenaeaiiy aeeth/a? 92
ianaeaieo ioieoe, aa?aioiaaiiai aeia?ia?eueiiai a?aenaeaiiy — 835,
iineeaiiai ?aae?iaeoeaiiai eiio?ieth — 1291 ianaeaieo ioieo?a.

Aaa??y oa caoiaee ii e?ea?aeaoe?? ?? iane?aee?a aeeeeeaee aaee/aci? ca
ianyaii aeiiii?/i? ao?aoe, ye? aaaeeei oyaa?ai eyaee ia aeiiii?eo
Oe?a?ie. Ca aenia?oieie ioe?ieaie, caaaeueia noia iacai?ioieo ao?ao
ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie a?ae eaoano?ioe ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN
neeaaea? aeecueei 91-94 ie?ae. e?a. (a oe?iao 1984 ?.) (oaae. 1).
A?aoiaoth/e, ui eo?n aeiea?a NOA o 1984 ?., noaiiaea i?eaeecii 0.713
e?a, oi iacai?ioi? ao?aoe ioe?iththoueny 127.6 — 132.3 ie?ae. aeiea??a
NOA (aac a?aooaaiiy nioe?aeueieo, iaaee/ieo oa aeaiia?ao?/ieo i?iaeai).

Oaaeeoey 1

No?oeoo?a iacai?ioieo ao?ao ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie a?ae
aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN

Anueiai ao?ao,

a oiio /ene?Noia, ie?ae. aeiea??a NOA aa?o?noue ao?a/aiiai aeeoea ?
i?eaaoii? aeaniino?0,6-0,7 ao?aoe a?ae aeeo/aiiy caie? c
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai naeoi?o4.2-5.6 ao?aoe e?niaiai
ainiiaea?noaa2.5-2.8 ao?aoe aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa2.1-2.5 ao?aoe
?eaiiai ainiiaea?noaa3.2-4.3 ao?aoe iniiaieo ae?iaie/eo oiiae?a7.0-8.4
ao?aoe ia e?ea?aeaoe?th iioi/ieo iane?aee?a eaoano?ioe12.6 ao?aoe a?ae
iaio?eiaiiy aeaeo?iaia?a??28.0 caeoee a?ae ii?aoi??th ia aaaaeaiiy a
ae?th iiaeo iiooaeiinoae ia ?nioth/eo ia’?eoao aoiiii?
aia?aaoeee67.3Anueiai127.6-132.3

Aaoi?ii aeae?eythoueny o?e iniiaieo iai?yie ?aaa?e?oaoe??, ui
aecia/athoue aea?aeaaio no?aoaa?th ? niaoeeo?eo iaoiaeieia?/ieo
i?aeoiae?a aei ?? i?iaaaeaiiy: aeiiii?/ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa, aeiiiiiei-aeieiai/ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y iino?aaeaeaeeo
oa?eoi??e, nioe?aeueiee caoeno i ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ianaeaiiy, ui iaoea? i
i?aoeth? ia oeeo oa?eoi??yo. I?e oeueiio aecia/aeueia cia/aiiy ia?
inoaii?e iai?yi, oiaoi noeoii?noue caoiae?a uiaei a?aeoai?aiiy
aeiiii?/iiai, aeieia?/iiai, iaaee/iiai i ineoieia?/iiai oa?aeoa?o,
ii?ooaiiy yeeo caaaea? oeiaee ii?iaeuei?e aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ethaeae.

Aeiaaaeaii, ui o no/anieo oiiaao iaiao?aeii cae?enithaaoe ia
aea?aeaaiiio ??ai? oaeo ?aaa?e?oaoe?eio iie?oeeo, yea ia?ane?aeo?
e?ioeaao iaoo — aeiaaaeaiiy ia?aiao??a na?aaeiaeua ?nioaaiiy e oiia
eiioi?oiino? aeeooy ianaeaiiy oa?eoi??e, ui caciaee ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy, aei na?aaeiaeu ia?aaiiiaeueieo (iaeanieo,
?anioae?eainueeeo), a iio?i aei iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo ii?iaoea?a,
i?eeiyoeo o iao?e e?a?i?, iaaeae? ae — aei ??aiy ?icaeiooeo e?a?i.
?iaeoa eaaeo/e, iiaa eaea i?i ?ic?iaeo i ?aae?caoe?th eiiieaeno
aeiiii?/ieo caoiae?a, ui noeioeththoue a?aeiiaeaiiy caaeainiaaiino? o
aeei?enoaii? i?e?iaeieo oa ?ioeo oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa.

Cai?iiiiiaaia aeiiii?/ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ?aa?iio ?aae?iaeoeaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy, yea ii/eia?oueny c ?ic?iaee i?iaeo?a ?o a?ae?iaeaeaiiy,
noai?aiiy aeey oeueiai aeiiii?/ieo no?oeoo?, ui iiaeooue iia?e?coaaoe
aeani? aeaea?aea o?iainoaaiiy ?aa?ii?a i oei naiei ni?eyoe
a?aeiia?aeiiio nei?i/aiith aea?aeaaieo noaneae?e.

Iniiai? i?eioeeie, cae?eniaiiy oe??? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee oae?:

— caa?aaeaiiy o noa?? aea?aeaaieo ?ioa?an?a i i??i?eoao?a ia an?o ??aiyo
(?aa?iiaeueiiio, i?noeaaiio) oe?eani?yiiaaii? iie?oeee nioe?aeueiiai
caoenoo ianaeaiiy, a?aeiiaeaiiy ii?iaeueiiai aeeooy ia iino?aaeaeaeeo
oa?eoi??yo;

— aeaeaaoaaiiy /anoee aea?aeaaieo i?aa i iaia’yce?a ia ?aa?iiaeueiee
??aaiue i, a?aeiia?aeii, ia?aaeyae oa?aeoa?o aca?iia?aeiinei oeaio?o i
?aa?ii?a — a?ae aaei?i?no?aoeaiiai oi?aae?iiy aei ?aaoethaaiiy ia iniia?
noaiiaeaiiy nioe?aeueii i???ioiaaiiai ?eieo;

— iioeiaeueia niieo/aiiy oeaio?ae?ciaaieo i aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaieo aeaea?ae
o?iainoaaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee o eiaeiee eiie?aoiee ia??iae,
iia’ycaia c i?ioeanii aeiiii?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue i?e iinooiia?e ci?i?
i?iii?oe?e i?ae oeeie aeaea?aeaie a a?e ca?eueoaiiy /anoee
aeaoeaio?ae?ciaaieo.

O ?iaio? iieacaii, ui nooo?aei aeaiaioii ?ic?iaee i ?aae?caoe??
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e
? ioe?iea ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yi?a i aoaeoeaiinoi aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo
aeaea?ae i?iaaaeaiiy ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a ye ia aea?aeaaiiio, oae i
ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??aiyo. Oe? i?iaeaie aeoaea aeooaeuei?, ianaiia?aae,
aeey ?ic?iaee i ?aae?caoe?? i?ia?ai eiiieaeniiai oa?eoi??aeueiiai
?icaeoeo. Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiinoi ?iaanoeoe?eieo aeo?ao ia ?aaa?e?oaoe?th
?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e iiaeiia, aeoiaeeoe c oaeeo
i?eioeei?a:

— i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? aeeooy ianaeaiiy;

— a?aeiia?aei?noue i?iaiiciaaieo caoiae?a ii?iaoeaiei aeiiaai
aeieia?/ii? i ?aae?aoe?eii? /enoioe iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai
na?aaeiaeua c iaoith caaacia/aiiy noaeiai i eiiieaeniiai
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai ?icaeoeo iino?aaeaeaeeo oa?eoi??e;

— i?aai?/ia ii?aeiaiiy iniiaii? (ainiiaea?nueei?) i i?e?iaeiioi?iiii?
(i?e?iaeicaa?iaath/i? i i?e?iaeiaiaeiiaethaaii?) ae?yeueiino?.

Iaoai?ci oi?ioaaiiy i ?aae?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eii? iie?oeee ?aa?iio
iieeeeaiee caaacia/eoe ocaiaeaeaiiy ?ioa?an?a aea?aeaaieo i i?eaaoieo
?iaanoi??a. I?e oeueiio ea??aieoeoai ?aa?iio aenooia?, c iaeiiai aieo,
ye aeaniee, ui ? ??aiii?aaiei ia?oia?ii ia ?eieo, c ?ioiai aieo, — ye
noa’?eo aea?aeaaii? no?oeoo?e, iaae?eaiee ?aaoethth/eie i noeioethth/eie
ooieoe?yie. Iinoeoooeieieie oiiaaie i?e oi?ioaaii? iaoai?cio
?iaanoeoe?eii? aeoeaiino? ?: ?ic?iaea ?aa?iiaeueii? ?iaanoeoe?eii?
iie?oeee, aeeth/ath/e ?iaanoeoe?ei? i?ia?aie, ii?yaeie ?o o?iainoaaiiy
on?ia o/anieeaie, aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie athaeaeaoieo oiiae?a i
?iaanoeoe?eieo ?ano?n?a iicaathaeaeaoieo oiiae?a, anoaiiaeaiiy ii?yaeeo
aeiaia??ieo a?aeiinei i?ae ?iaanoi?aie, aeeth/ath/e ea??aieoeoai
?aa?iio, ?ic?iaea nenoaie eiio?aeo?a, no?aooaaiiy ?ecee?a i ?aaeiaoeieii
iaaacia/ieo ae?iaieoeoa i o.i., caeo/aiiy ?iaanoi??a, ui naiino?eii
?icii?yaeaeathoueny aeanieie ?ano?naie.

Aaoi?ii ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy caaacia/aiiy ieoiiino? cao?ao ia
aeiiii?/io ?aaa?e?oaoe?th ?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e ia iniia?
?aae?caoe?? i?eioeeio iinooiiaiai ia?aoiaeo a?ae aacieaoiiai
athaeaeaoiiai noaneaeoaaiiy aei iiaa?iaiiy aneaiiaaieo aea?aeaaith
eioo?a ca ?aooiie iaa?iiaaeaeaiiy aioo??oi?o aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy.
Oaeee ia?ao?ae iiaeiai aeicaieeoe: ii-ia?oa, ni?yiiaoaaoe iioiee
o?iainiaeo i iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ieo ?ano?n?a (aeae?eaieo c oeaio?o i
aeanieo) aeiyoeiai ia oe?e? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ?aa?iio, ii-ae?oaa, noi?ioaaoe
nenoaio aeiiii?/ii? ca?ioa?aniaaiino? eiai ianaeaiiy i th?eaee/ieo in?a
o a?aeiiaethaaeueiiio i?ioean?, ii-o?ao?, noai?eoe iaoa??aeueio iniiao
aeey ?ic?iaee iiaeo oi?i i iaoiae?a cae?eniaiiy eiiiainaoe?eieo aeieao c
oei, uia iie?ioeoe ani?oeiaio i no?oeoo?o niiaeeaaiiy iaoa??aeueieo aeaa
i iineoa.

Ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio ??ai?, aeoiaey/e c iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy i ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ainiiaea?noaa ?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiaieo
oa?eoi??e, ia? aecia/aoeny iioeiaeueia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae ianyaaie
aeae?eaieo aea?aeaaith eioo?a i iayai?noth aeanieo ?ano?n?a ii iai?yiao
?o aeei?enoaiiy — o caeaaeiino? a?ae cia/eiino? ?aeiino?oeiaaieo i
noai?thaaieo ia’?eo?a (aea?aeaaiiai, iaeaniiai i ioi?oeeiaeueiiai
i?ecia/aiiy). I?e oeueiio, iacaeaaeii a?ae iai?yi?a aeei?enoaiiy
oeaio?ae?ciaaieo ?ano?n?a, i?ioyaii ia?oeo e?eueeio ?ie?a eiooe ia
aeieia?/io i nioe?aeueio ?aaa?e?oaoe?th, noai?aiiy i ?icaeoie
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace nioe?aeueii? noa?e e ioi?iie i?e?iaee,
aeioe?eueii aeae?eyoe oa?eoi??yi o iiaiiio ianyc? c aea?aeathaeaeaoo
(oaae.2).

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai
iaoai?cio ooieoe?iioaaiiy ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy” a?aeia?aaeaii no/aniee noai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy oa caaaeuei? eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy ae?yeueiino?
ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy, iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ?aeiioaaiiy oa?eoi???
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy, i?iaiic aeieia?/ii? neooaoe??,
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? ia
oa?eoi??? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy.

Oaaeeoey 2

Ianyae o?iainoaaiiy caoiae?a, iia’ycaieo c e?ea?aeaoe??th iane?aee?a
aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN ? nioe?aeueiiai caoenoo ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie
ca 1986-1997 ?iee (iei NOA)*

?Iaeiaioaaiiy ?ieei/iaeo?ao1986-19911992199319941995199619971.ia
nioe?aeueiee caoeno
a?iiaaeyi6606,55197,33196,57478,07383,97545,65656,182.ia niaoe?aeueio
iaaee/io aeiiiiiao53,626,322,998,8322,8119,028,53.ia caaacia/aiiy
iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue57,763,234,454,995,927,045,584.ia caaacia/aiiy
?aae?aoe?eiiai eiio?ieth63,791,991,642,283,154,444,05.ia aeieia?/ia
icaei?iaeaiiy na?aaeiaeua—0,010,370,360,190,236.ia caaacia/aiiy
?aaa?e?oaoe?? oa iioiaaiiy ?aae?iaeoeaieo
a?aeoiae?a0,170,270,080,200,130,160,3077.eai?oaeuei? aeeaaeaiiy,
ia?anaeaiiy oa noai?aiiy iaiao?aeieo oiia aeey ianaeaiiy ia caa?oaeiaieo
oa?eoi??yo3173,62276,07197,78205,28167,44194,1093,08.ia i?iaaaeaiiy
?ia?o o cii? a?ae/oaeaiiy690,8619,7025,8446,4544,9552,0858,019.?io?
aeo?aoe228,9717,7215,8825,9141,9443,3647,310Anueiai10700,0510,81436,0175
5,72638,30835,19873,07* 1986-01.09.1991 ?. — ca ?aooiie eioo?a
Aea?aeathaeaeaoo N?N?, c 01.09.1991 ?. — ca ?aooiie eioo?a
Aea?aeathaeaeaoo Oe?a?ieCiia a?ae/oaeaiiy oa aacoiiaiiai (iaia’yceiaiai)
a?aenaeaiiy (aeae? ca oaenoii — Ciia) — /anoeia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie,
iaea?eueo caa?oaeiaia ?aae?iioee?aeaie aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe, c iniaeeaith oi?iith oi?aae?iiy. Ciia ii?aeio? aea?
niaoe?aeuei? oa?eoi???, ui ??ciyoueny ca nooiaiai caa?oaeiaiiy oa
iiaeeeainoyie aeei?enoaiiy — ciio a?ae/oaeaiiy (3A) oa ciio aacoiiaiiai
(iaia’yceiaiai) a?aenaeaiiy (CAA). Caeiiii Oe?a?ie «I?i i?aaiaee ?aaeei
oa?eoi???, ui caciaea ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aiane?aeie
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe» ciio a?ae/oaeaiiy aecia/aii ye oa?eoi??th,
c yei? i?iaaaeaii aaaeoaoe?th ianaeaiiy a 1986 ?ioe?, a ciio aacoiiaiiai
(iaia’yceiaiai) a?aenaeaiiy — ye oa?eoi??th, ui caciaea ?ioaineaiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy aeiaaiaeeao/eie ?aae?iioee?aeaie) c u?euei?noth
caa?oaeiaiiy a?oioo iiiaae aeiaaa?ieiee ??aaiue ?cioiiaie oeac?th a?ae
15.0 Ei/ei2 i aeua, /e no?iioe?th a?ae 3.0 Ei/ei2 i aeua, /e ieooii?th
a?ae 0.1 Ei/ei2 oa aeua, aea ?ic?aooieiaa aoaeoeaia aea?aaeaioia aeica
ii?ii?iaiiy ethaeeie c o?aooaaiiyi eiao?oe??io?a i?a?aoe??
?aaeiiioee?aeia a ?ineeie oa ?ioeo oaeoi??a iiaea ia?aaeueoe 5.0 iCa
(0.5 aa?) a ??e iiiaae aeico, yeo aiia io?eioaaea a aeiaaa?ieiee
ia??iae. 3aiei 3A oa CAA aeaiaeyoueny c ainiiaea?nueeiai ia?ao,
a?aeiaaeiaothoueny a?ae noi?aeieo oa?eoi??e i ia?aaiaeyoueny aei
eaoaai??? ?aaeiaoeieii iaaacia/ieo caiaeue.

Ieiua ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy noaiiaeoue 2044 ei2. Ia i?e ?icoaoiaaii aeaa
i?noa (I?ei’youe i *i?iiaeeue) oa 74 naea, a oiio /ene? 7 n?e iica
iniiaiith oa?eoi???th 3A.

Ieiua ciie aacoiiaiiai (iaia’yceiaiai) a?aenaeaiiy aei??aith? 2230 ei2.
Aiia ?icoaoiaaia, aieiaiei /eiii, o iaaeao AEeoiie?nueei? oa Ee?anueei?
iaeanoae. Aei ia? a?aeianaii 92 ianaeaieo ioieoe, a oiio /ene?, 4 naeeua
i?nueeiai oeio (Ia?iaee/? i Ae?a?iaa — a AEeoiie?nuee?e, Iie?nueea i
Aieue/a — a Ee?anuee?e iaeano?) oa 88 n?e, /anoeia c yeeo ciyoa c iae?eo
i?ney a?aenaeaiiy aeeoae?a. Aei CAA oaeiae aeeth/ai? oa?eoi??? ?c
u?euei?noth caa?oaeiaiiy ?cioiiaie oeac?th a?ae 5.0 aei 15.0 Ei/ei2 c
a?oioaie, ui ni?eythoue aenie?e i?a?aoe?? ?aaeiiioeeiaeia o ?ineeiao.

Ae?iaie/a ae?yeuei?noue a 3iii cae?enith?oueny ca aeaiia iai?yieaie —
aenieoaoaoe?y *i?iiaeeuenueei? AAN i aaaeaiiy ?ia?o, ni?yiiaaieo ia
i?i?i?caoe?th iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe oa oo?eiaiiy Ciie,
iinooiiaa ?? ia?aoai?aiiy a aeieia?/ii aacia/io nenoaio. Ia 1 n?/iy
1998 ?. caaaeueia /enaeuei?noue i?aoethth/eo ia oa?eoi??? Ciie, ui
a?aeiineoueny aei 3A, neeaaeaea aeecueei 12 oen. /ie. ?acii c
i?aoe?aieeaie *AAN.

O ca’yceo c i?eieiaiiyi aeoeaii? ae?yeueiino? ia a?ae/oaeoaaieo
oa?eoi??yo iaeaaaeeea?oei caaaeaiiyi noa? aeio?eiaiiy nioe?aeueii i
aeiiii?/ii i?eeiyoieo i?aaee i i?eioeei?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia ieo c
iaoith iaaeiiouaiiy iaaaoeaieo aeiiii?/ieo i aeieia?/ieo iane?aee?a aeey
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua i ianaeaiiy, ye? iiaeooue aeieeiooe a
?acoeueoao? iai?iaeoiaieo ae?e aai iaa?aoiaaieo oaeoi??a i i?e?iaeieo
i?ioean?a, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey aeaiiai ?aa?iio.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaia eiioeaioe?y Ciie (aeae? —
Eiioeaioe?y) i ae?yeueiino? a i?e ia ia??iae aei 2020 ?. Aiia
aecia/a? nenoaio i?aai?caoe?eieo, aeieia?/ieo, iaaee/ieo i
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?eioeei?a oa i??i?eoao?a ae?iaie/i?,
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? oa ?ioi? ae?yeueiino? a Cii? c iaoith i?i?i?caoe??
aeieia?/ieo oa nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe, a oaeiae iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeainoae eiiieaenii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? oa?eoi??? Ciie.

Caaaeaiiy Eiioeaioe?? iieyaa? o aecia/aii? oeyo?a aeiaaino?ieiaiai
oo?eiaiiy Ciie, i??i?eoao?a ae?yeueiino? a i?e ca iniiaieie iai?yiaie,
ui caaacia/othoue cieaeaiiy ??aiy aeieia?/iiai ?eceeo oa i?i?i?caoe?th
?? aieeao ia ?aae?iaeieia?/io ianoaiiaeo a Oe?a?ii, a oaeiae eiiieaenii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e a?aeiia?aeii aei e?eoa???a
?aaa?e?oaoe??.

Iaeiei c aaaeeeaeo caaaeaiue ae?yeueiino? i oi?aae?iiy ia oa?eoi??yo
Ciie ? noai?aiiy i?eeiyoieo oiia aeey iiaeaeueoi? ?? ?aaa?e?oaoe??,
caa?aaeaiiy ?icoaoiaaii? ooo aeaniino? aeey ianooiiiai aai iioi/iiai
iaiaaeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy.

Eiioeaioe??th ia?aaeaa/a?oueny aecia/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueiiai ?aeiioaaiiy
oa?eoi??? Ciie, iniiaieo iai?yi?a oa ci?noo ae?yeueiino? a i?e, ooieoe?e
i oi?i i?aai?caoe?? oi?aae?iiy, i?iaiico ?icaeoeo aeieia?/ii? neooaoe??
a 3iii oa a?aeiia?aeieo caoiae?a uiaei ?? ?aae?caoe??.

Aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii ?aeiioaaiiy
oa?eoi??? Ciie, a iniiao yeiai iieeaaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueia i?ecia/aiiy
oa?eoi???.

I?iieneiaa oa?eoi??y. Ia oe?e oa?eoi??? aeeiiothoueny iniiai? ?iaioe,
iia’ycai? c e?ea?aeaoe??th iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe.
I?iieneiaa oa?eoi??y noaiiaeoue 80-100 ei2 i neeaaea?oueny c aeaio
/anoei, ui a?ae??ciythoueny ca u?euei?noth oa neeaaeii ?aae?iioee?aeiiai
caa?oaeiaiiy i ca oa?aeoa?ii ae?yeueiino?. Oea aeania oa?eoi??y
a?aeiiaethaaeueieo ?ia?o ii e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe oa caiia?aaiith ?iciianthaeaeaiiy ?aaeiiioeeiaeia. Ooo
i?iaiaeyoueny ?iaioe ii ia?aaaaeaiith ia’?eoa «Oe?eooy» a aacia/iee
noai, ii ia?a?iaoe? oa caa??aaiith ?AA, ii aenieoaoaoe?? i aeaaaeaiith
*AAN c aenieoaoaoe??, ii caoenoo caieaae ?. I?ei’youe a?ae caoiieaiiy
i?ae /an iiaaiae, a oaeiae nai?oa?i? oa i?ioeiiaeaaei? caoiaee a e?nao.

Caiia?aeia oa?eoi??y. 3aiiaiaeia oa?eoi??y aeeth/a? ia’?eoe, ui iathoue
i?e?iaeiioi?iiiee noaoon, a oaeiae oeie caiaeue, oa?aeoa?i? aeey Ciie —
iniiai? oeie e?n?a, aieioeno? i nooiae?euei? eoee, ia?aeiae, a oaeiae
aaaeoeiaai? ianaeai? ioieoe. Ia oe?e oa?eoi?i? i?aeo?eio?oueny ?aaeei
caiia?aeiino?, yeee aeeeth/a? ii?ooaiiy i?e?iaeiiai oiaeo
naiia?aeiiaeaiiy aeinenoai oeyoii iaiaaeaiiy ia?aaoaaiiy ia?niiaeo o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei noaoono caiia?aeieea.

Oa?eoi??y ia?oi/a?aiai? ?aaa?e?oaoe??. Oa?eoi??y ia?oi/a?aiai?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? aeeth/a? ae?eyiee caa?oaeiaiiy, ye? oi?iaeueii
caaeiaieueiythoue aeiiaai Caeiio «I?i i?aaiaee ?aaeei oa?eoi?i?, ui
caciaea ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aiane?aeie *i?iiaeeuenueei?
eaoano?ioe» aai aeei?enoaiiy yeeo iiaea cia/ii ni?eyoe iie?auaiith
caaaeueiiai aeieia?/iiai noaio.

Oa?eoi??y caaaeueiiai ?aaeeio . Oa?eoi??y caaaeueiiai ?aaeeio aeeth/a?
?aooo oa?eoi??? Ciie ca aeiyoeii aeuaia?aei/aieo oa?eoi??e. Ca ??
noaoonii ooo iaiao?aeia i?iaaaeaiiy i?e?iaeiioi?iiieo caoiae?a, a oaeiae
?ia?o, ni?yiiaaieo ia aeio?eiaiiy ?aaeeio Ciie oa caa?aaeaiiy
eoeueoo?ieo oe?iiinoae.

I??i?eoaoieie iai?yiaie ae?yeueiino? ia oa?eoi??yo, ui i?aeeyaathoue
?aaa?e?oaoe??, ? oae?, ui caaacia/othoue aeinoaoi? oiiae i?iaeeaaiiy ia
ieo ianaeaiiy. A ia?oo /a?ao — oea caaacia/aiiy /enoeie i?iaeoeoaie
oa?/oaaiiy oa aiaeith. Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeia ?ic?iaea i ?aae?caoe?y a
3iii i?ia?aie ii aeae?eaiith iaea?eueo /enoeo ae?eyiie oa?eoi???
(eieeoi?o n?eueainioa?aeue) aeey caeoaeaiiy (oa?aeaey aeey aeiano
iiei/ii? ooaeiae i n?iicaaio?ae?), iinaaeee naae?a ?ioaineaiiai oeio
oiui.

Cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia oi?aae?iiy Ciiith ia?aaeaa/a? cae?eniaiiy oaeeo
iniiaieo ooieoe?e:

— i?aai?caoe?th, o?iainoaaiiy i eiio?ieue ?ia?o, iia’ycaieo c
e?ea?aeaoe??th iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe i aeiaaio?eaaeei
oo?eiaiiyi Ciie;

— eiio?ieue ca aeio?eiaiiyi ?aaeeio a Cii?;

— aeaea/a aeicaie?a ia i?iaaaeaiiy ?ia?o (a oiio /ene? i iiaiai
aoae?aieoeoaa), noai?aiiy, ?ici?uaiiy i e?ea?aeaoe?th i?aei?e?inoa a
Cii?;

— iaaeyae (eiio?ieue) ca a?aeiia?aei?noth ae?yeueiino? a Cii?
ii?iaoeaiei i ?aaoethth/ei i?aaiaei aeoai;

— ?ioi?ioaaiiy c on?o ieoaiue ae?yeueiino? a Cii?, aiae?c i
ocaaaeueiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i noai ioi/oth/iai na?aaeiaeua a Cii?,
ca’ycee c a?iiaaenuee?noth, noai?aiiy i aaaeaiiy aaieo aeaieo i?i ?iaioo
a Cii?;

— i?aai?caoe?y i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaeno ?ia?o c ieoaiue caiaeueiiai
?aaoethaaiiy ia oa?eoi??? Ciie;

— i?aai?caoe?y i?aeia?iaeiiai ni?a?ia?oieoeoaa o ae??oaii? i?iaeaie
e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe.

Ooieoe?? ii oi?aae?iith Ciiith iiaeooue ooi/ithaaoeny c a?aooaaiiyi
iaiao?aeiino? aca?iiae?? c eiio?iethth/eie i ?aaoethth/eie i?aaiaie i o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei ci?i caeiiiaeaa/eo oa ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a
Oe?a?ie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai
iaoai?cio ooieoe?iioaaiiy *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy”
?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy no?oeoo?ieo ci?i *i?iiaeeuenueeiai
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno, iai?yie eiai ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??,
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e i?ae?icae?e?a iniiaii?
ae?yeueiino?.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aecia/aii, ui oi?eaeuei?noue i iniaeea?noue
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? oa iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? nenoaie
aecia/a?oueny oei, ui aiia:

— ioiieth? anth noa?o ?ia?o i caoiae?a uiaei e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe, i?i?i?caoe?? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy,
oiaoi, ia?a?iaeo i eieae?caoe?th ?aae?iaeoeaieo a?aeoiae?a, niaoe?aeuei?
i ianooaai? e?niioi?iii? oa aiaeiioi?iii? ?iaioe, ia?aoai?aiiy ia’?eoo
«Oe?eooy» a aeieia?/ii aacia/io nenoaio, eiiieaeniee iii?oi?eia
aeiae?eey, i?eieiaiiy i?a?aoe?? ?aaeiiioeeiaeia ca iaae? ciie
a?ae/oaeaiiy oa ?io? niaoe?aeuei? caoiaee (iaa?oue iia’ycai? c?
caa?aaeaiiyi iai’yoie ?noi??? i eoeueoo?e);

— naith ae?iaie/o ae?yeuei?noue aoaeo? ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiy i
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?eeeaaeieo i ooiaeaiaioaeueieo iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo i
aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ic?iaie oa oe?eueiaeo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
i?ia?ai c i?iaeai noai?aiiy i canoinoaaiiy no/anieo oaoi?ee i oaoiieia??
?aae?iaeieia?/ii? aaciaee ii iai?yiao e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia
*AAN, aei /iai caeo/aii a?ey 120 iaoeiaeo, i?iaeoieo, eiino?oeoi?nueeeo
oa ?ioeo onoaiia Iaoe?iiaeueii? aeaaeai?? iaoe i aaeocaaeo i?aai?caoe?e;

— cae?enith? aanue eiiieaen niaoe?aeueieo i aeiiii?aeieo caoiae?a uiaei
i?i?i?caoe?? ?aae?aoe?eii? aaciaee, e?nicaoenieo, aiaeicaoenieo oa ?ioeo
?ia?o a cii? a?ae/oaeaiiy i cii? aacoiiaiiai (iaia’yceiaiai) a?aenaeaiiy
c iaeneiaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi i?e?iaeieo oaeoi??a i i?i?iaeueiei
ao?o/aiiyi o i?e?iaeia na?aaeiaeua, ui, ye iieaco? iaeeiaaeoeyoe??/iee
aeina?ae, i?ecaaaea aei iinooiiaiai iineeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?ioean?a
naiii/euaiiy caa?oaeiaii? ?aae?iioee?aeaie oa?eoi???, i?e?iaeiiai
naiia?aeiiaeaiiy aeinenoai;

— ae?? ia iniia? aeinoaoiuei iiaii? caeiiiaeaa/i? i ii?iaoeaii? aace,
?ic?iaeaii? niaoe?aeueii aeey «/i?iiaeeuenueeeo» oiia i o?iaino?oueny c
Aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo Oe?a?ie, ui iaa?oue i?e no/anieo aeiiii?/ieo
o?oaeiiuao noai?th? a?aeiia?aeio noaa?euei?noue a ?iaio? an???
/i?iiaeeuenueei? ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? oa iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? nenoaie,
?? niaoe?aeueieo, aeiiii?aeieo i ianeoaiaoth/eo i?ae?icae?e?a;

— ia? aecia/aiee caeiiiaeaa/ith aacith aeieia?/iee, aeiiii?/iee,
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee i nioe?aeueiee noaoon, oiaoi *i?iiaeeuenueeee
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeee eiiieaen c i?aaiai? oa caaaeueiiaea?aeaaii?
oi/ee ci?o ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe ye ie?aiee, oe?e?niee, niaoe?ae?ciaaiee
ia?iaeiiainiiaea?nueeee eiiieaen Oe?a?ie c on?ia oiiaaie, aeiiaaie i
iane?aeeaie, ui c oaeiai eiai noaoono aeieeaathoue.

Aecia/aiiy iai?yi?a i caoiae?a uiaei iiaeaeueoi? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
*i?iiaeeuenueeiai ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno, eiai iiaeae?
oi?aae?iiy oa no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueii? iiaoaeiae iiaeii? aacoaaoeny
ia o?eueee ia aeiiaao aee?aeoeaiiai ieaioaaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa ?ia?o oa
aeeiiaiiy a?aeiia?aeieo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?ia?ai uiaei e?ea?aeaoe??
iane?aee?a aaa??? i aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/i? nenoaie ?iciiae?eo
athaeaeaoieo aneaioaaiue, aea i ia noai?aiiy oaeeo i?aai?caoe?eieo
iaoai?ci?a iiai? no?oeoo?e eiiieaeno, ye? a caaacia/oaaee aacoiiaio
?aae?caoe?th caaaeaiue, cie?aia:

— cae?eniaiiy nenoaiiiai i iino?eiiai eiio?ieth ainiiaea?nueei?,
ae?iaie/i? i iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa i i?aai?caoe?e,
ye? o?iainothoueny Aaei?i?no?aoe??th, ae?thoue a cii? a?ae/oaeaiiy aai
aeeiiothoue ?iaioe a oe?e cii? iacaeaaeii a?ae ?o a?aeii/i? iaeaaeiino?;

— eii?aeeiaoe?th ae?yeueiino? on?o a?oi ae?iaie/eo, ainiiaea?nueeeo oa
iaoeiaeo i?aei?e?inoa i i?aai?caoe?e, ye? aaciina?aaeiuei aa?ooue
o/anoue a i?iaaaeaii? ?ia?o uiaei e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? a
iaaeao ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy i ciie aacoiiaiiai (iaia’yceiaiai) a?aenaeaiiy;

— aecia/aiiy i??i?eoaoieo oa iioeiaeueieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue aeae?a ?ia?o
ii EIA a?aeiia?aeii aei ci?i o?iainiaeo oiia i ?ioeo neooaoe?e;

— iiaio ?aae?caoe?th i?aa ?aeeiiai caiiaieea iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?ia?ai,
i?iaeo?a oa iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o, ui aeeiiothoueny aaciina?aaeiuei
aeey e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? ia oa?eoi??? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy i
ciie aacoiiaiiai (iaia’yceiaiai) a?aenaeaiiy;

— oi?aae?iiy an?ia aeaeaie aea?aeaaiiai iaeia, ?icoaoiaaiiai a cii?
a?ae/oaeaiiy.

I?eioeeiiaith iniaeea?noth iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e
*i?iiaeeuenueeiai eiiieaeno a oiiaao aeai?iaiaai? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy c
iaaeaiiyi iniiai?e eaioe? noaoono th?eaee/ii? iniae i i?aa iiaii?
ainiiaea?nueei? naiino?eiino? ? noai?aiiy ?aaeueieo oiia aeey ci?ie oi?i
i iaoiae?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy oeyoii aaaaeaiiy a cii? a?ae/oaeaiiy
eiio?aeoii? nenoaie a a?oi? niaoe?aeueieo i?aei?e?inoa i
ieaiia-caiiaeaiue o a?oi? ianeoaiaoth/eo i?ae?icae?e?a.

No?oeoo?i? ci?ie *i?iiaeeuenueeiai eiiieaeno, aaeineiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e
ie?aieo i?aei?e?inoa oa ia?a?iciiae?e ooieoe?e ae?iaie/eo eaiie iiaeii?
cae?enithaaoeny ?acii c onoiaiiyi oeo o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ieo iaaeie?e?a,
ye? no?eiothoue ?icaeoie iiceoeaieo oaiaeaioe?e iiaeaeueoi?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? nenoaie ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy.

I?aai?caoe?eia no?oeoo?a oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeei eiiieaenii
ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy

Aaei?i?no?aoe?y ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy ? ciie aacoiiaiiai (iaia’yceiaiai)
a?aenaeaiiy

Iniiaia ae?yeuei?noue

(1393 /ie.) Aeiiii?aeia ae?yeuei?noueaea?aeaaia iaoeiai-ae?iaie/a
i?aei?e?inoai “?AAeAE”

(315 /ie.)Aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai oi?aae?iiy eai?oaeueiiai
aoae?aieoeoaa

(36 /ie.)Aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai aeeoeiai-eiioiaeueiiai ainiiaea?noaa

(474 /ie.)niaoe?ae?ciaaia iaaee/ia /anoeia-16

(166 /ie.)Ae?iaie/a ia’?aeiaiiy *i?iiaeeuenue

ea AAN Aea?aeaaia niaoe?-ae?ciaaia ae?iaie /a eiiieaeniaia’?eo
“Oe?eooy”(807 /ie.)Aea?aeaaiee /i?iiaeeuenueeee iaoeiaee oeaio?
i?aeia?iaeieo aeine?aeaeaiue

(161 /ie.)i?aei?e?inoai*i?iiaeeuenueea aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeia
i?aei?e?inoai

(365 /ie.)*i?iiaeeuenueea aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai ca’yceo

(145 /ie.)nai?oa?ii-ai?aeai?ieia?/ia noaioe?y

(50 /ie.)“*i?iiaeeue

e?n”Aea?aeaaia niaoe?ae?ciaaia i?aei?e?inoai “Oaoiioeaio?”

(178 /ie.)Aea?aeaaia niaoe?ae?ciaaia aiaeiioi?iiia i?aei?e ?inoai
“*i?iiaeeue-aiaeiaenieoaoaoe?y”

(667 /ie.)*i?iiaeeuenueea aea?aeaaia ?aiiioii-aoae?aaeueia
i?aei?e?inoai(232 /ie.)Aea?aeaaia aaoio?ainii?oia i?aei?e?inoai

(869 /ie.)AOAN

(599 /ie.)(208 /ie.)AeNI “?OCIAe” c ?ioioeaio?ii *i?iiaeeue

(142 /ie.)*i?iiaeeuenueea aea?aeaaia i?aei?e?inoai
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai iinoa/aiiy

(110 /ie.)OAeII IAN

(250 /ie.)I?aeia?iaeiee iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee oeaio?

“Oe?eooy”(586 /ie)AeI “Eiiieaen”

(429 /ie.)Aea?aeaaia niaoe?ae?ciaaia ae?iaie/a i?aei?e?inoai

“E?niaa noaioe?y”(112 /ie.)AeI Aaaionoai *I (72 /ie.)

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaai? iai?yie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
*i?iiaeeuenueeiai ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno oa eiai eaiie.
I?eioeeie i iai?yie oaia??oiueiai aoaio ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? ne?ae
?icaeyaeaoe, a ia?oo /a?ao, c iiceoe?? iaiao?aeieo i aeioe?eueieo
i?ioean?a oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/i?, iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ii? ae?yeueiino? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy.

A iniiao ?ic?iaee iai?yi?a i cae?eniaiiy eiie?aoieo caoiae?a uiaei
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? *i?iiaeeuenueeiai ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno
iieeaaeaii ianooii? iniiai? i?aeoiaee:

-cae?eniaiiy ae?yeueiino?, aeinoaoiuei? aeey aeeiiaiiy ia?aaeaa/aieo
caaaeaiue a oiiaao iaiaaeaiiai (aeao?oeeoiiai) o?iainoaaiiy
*i?iiaeeuenueeiai eiiieaeno oa iinooiiaiai nei?i/aiiy ?iai/eo i?noeue ia
iniia? noai?aiiy i?aenaciiieo eiiieaenieo a?eaaae i ci?i ?aaeei?a ?iaioe
ie?aieo ae?eyiie i i?ae?icae?e?a;

-ooai?aiiy iiaeo no/anieo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i a iniiai?e eaioe?
niaoe?aeueiiai oa aeiiii?aeiiai ae?iaieoeoaa, a oaeiae a
aeeoeiai-eiioiaeuei?e i ianeoaiaoth/?e noa?? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy, ui
iiaeiii noaoe aecia/aeueiith oiiaith eiioeaio?aoe?? ie?aieo nii??aeiaieo
aeae?a ?ia?o i iineoa, ye? aei oeueiai aeeiioaaeenue ??cieie
i?ae?icae?eaie, oa ia’?aeiaiiy oaeeo i?aei?e?inoa i i?aai?caoe?e a
?aeeio niaoe?ae?ciaaio no?oeoo?o c i?aaaie th?eaee/ii? iniae oa
naiino?eiei aaeainii c iaoith nooo?aiai i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo aneaioaaiue, iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a oa ?iai/i?
neee ia i??i?eoaoieo, ia?oi/a?aiaeo iai?yiao ae?yeueiino? uiaei
e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa???.

Iiaeaeueoa ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y *i?iiaeeuenueeiai
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno iiaeiia aacoaaoenue ia iiaiio
ii?yaeeo ieaioaaiiy i o?iainoaaiiy iai?yi?a i aeae?a ?ia?o ii
e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? oa ae?yeueiino? i?ae?icae?e?a
?io?ano?oeoo?e ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy ia i?aenoaa? aaaaeaiiy nenoaie
eiio?aeo?a ia aeeiiaiiy niaoe?aeueieo ?ia?o oa ieaiia-caiiaeaiue aeey
ianeoaiaoth/eo i?ae?icae?e?a.

Aiae?c oiia i aeiia uiaei iaiao?aeiino? ?ano?oeoo?ecaoei?
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? oa iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? nenoaie ciie
a?ae/oaeaiiy, ia yeo iieeaaeaii ianooaai? i neeaaei? caaaeaiiy
caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiiai cia/aiiy ii e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe, oa aecia/aiiy i?eioeei?a oaei?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoei? aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui a oiiaao
iaiaaeaiiai o?iainoaaiiy caoiae?a ii onoiaiith ?aae?aoe?eii? iaaaciaee a
*i?iiaeeuenueeiio ?aa?ii? oa iaiao?aeiino? a?eueo aeiiiiiiai i
?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy o?iainiaeo aneaioaaiue, iaoa??aeueieo
?ano?n?a oa nei?i/aiiy ?iai/i? neee, iiaeaeueoa aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e *i?iiaeeuenueeiai ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai
eiiieaeno oa eiai aeiiiii/ii-oiiainiai? nenoaie aeioe?eueii i?iaiaeeoe a
oaeeo iai?yiao:

— e?ea?aeaoe?y ie?aieo i?ae?icae?e?a, iaiao?aei?noue ooai?aiiy yeeo
?ai?oa aoea iaoiiaeaia aeiiaaie ia?oeo iineyaaa?ieieo ?ie?a i
ae?yeuei?noue yeeo a oaia??oi?o oiiaao iiaea aooe i?eieiaia aac
nooo?aiai aieeao ia aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue ?aae?iaeieia?/ii? aaciaee a
*i?iiaeeuenueeiio ?aa?ii?;

— eiioeaio?aoe?y ie?aieo nii??aeiaieo (iaeiaeiaeo) aeae?a ?ia?o, iineoa,
ooieoe?e, ui aeeiiothoueny ??cieie naiino?eieie i?ae?icae?eaie ia iniia?
ia’?aeiaiiy oaeeo i?ae?icae?e?a a ?aeeio niaoe?ae?ciaaio no?oeoo?o
(eiiiai?th, eiia?iao oiui) c naiino?eiei aaeainii i i?aaaie
th?eaee/ii? iniae;

— aeaaaeaiiy ie?aieo i?ae?icae?e?a, ae?yeuei?noue yeeo ia a?aeaeaa?oueny
ia iia?aoeai?e ?iaio? i?aei?e?inoa i i?aai?caoe?e, ui aaciina?aaeiuei
aeeiiothoue caaaeaiiy ii e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a aaa???, ca iaae? ciie
a?ae/oaeaiiy c iaoith ia eeoa aeiiii?? o?iainiaeo aeo?ao, aea i
noai?aiiy ?aae?aoe?eii? aaciaee aeey ?o /enaeueiiai ia?niiaeo. Aei
oaeeo, cie?aia, ne?ae a?aeianoe iaoeiai-aeine?aei? i?ae?icae?ee
iacaeaaeii a?ae ?o a?aeii/i? iaeaaeiino?, i?ae?icae?ee, ui aeeiiothoue
?ioi?iaoe?eii-aiae?oe/i? oa iioi?iaoeieii-aeaeaaie/i ?iaioe, ooieoe??
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? i?iiaaaiaee oa ?io?;

— ooai?aiiy iiaeo no/anieo ye aocueeiniaoe?ae?ciaaieo, oae i
eiia?iiaaieo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i ii i??i?eoaoieo iai?yiao ae?yeueiino?
*i?iiaeeuenueeiai eiiieaeno — eiiiai?e, iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo ia’?aeiaiue
oa eiia?iao?a c naiino?eiei aaeainii i i?aaaie th?eaee/ii? iniae;

— ooai?aiiy ca iaaeaie ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy iiaeo i?ae?icae?e?a aeey
?aae?caoe?? ?aaeueieo ca oiia *i?iiaeeuenueeiai
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno eiia?oe?eieo i?iaeo?a c iaoith
ca?eueoaiiy iicaathaeaeaoieo eioo?a ia aeiaeaoeiaa o?iainoaaiiy ie?aieo
i?aei?e?inoa, i?aai?caoe?e, nioe?aeueii-iiaooiaeo i?ia?ai;

— ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaiai ii?yaeeo ieaioaaiiy i o?iainoaaiiy ae?yeueiino?
aea?aeaaieo i?aei?e?inoa ia iniia? aaaaeaiiy eiio?aeoii? nenoaie aeey
i?aei?e?inoa i i?aai?caoeie, ui aaciina?aaeiuei aeeiiothoue ?iaioe ii
EIA oa nenoaie ieaiia-caiiaeaiue aeey i?ae?icae?e?a ae?iaie/i? oa
eiioiaeueii-iiaooiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e.

Oaeei /eiii, a?aoiaoth/e i?aai?caoe?ei?, i?aaia?, ae?iaie/? oa
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/i? aeiiae, i?eioeeie i iai?yie ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe??
*i?iiaeeuenueeiai ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno o aca?iica’yceo c
i??i?eoaoaie eiai ae?yeueiino?, o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii
ooai?eoe:

a) aea?aeaaio *i?iiaeeuenueeo eiiiai?th ii iiaiaeaeaiith c
?aae?iaeoeaieie a?aeoiaeaie c naiino?eiei aaeainii i i?aaaie th?eaee/ii?
iniae ia aac? ae?iaie/eo iiooaeiinoae, iaoeiaiai iioaioe?aeo i iaeia
i?aei?e?inoaa «Oaoiioeaio?» i i?aei?e?inoaa «Eiiieaen», ui
e?ea?aeothoueny ye naiino?ei? i?ae?icae?ee;

a) aea?aeaaiee *i?iiaeeuenueeee aa?i-einiaee eiia?iao c naiino?eiei
aaeainii oa i?aaaie th?eaee/ii? iniae ia iniia? ia’?aeiaiiy iaeiiaeo
eiiieaen?a i?aei?e?inoaa «*i?iiaeeueein», i?aei?e?inoaa «e?niaa
noaioe?y» oa aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa «Eoiiaaoa», ui ye naiino?ei?
i?aei?e?inoaa e?ea?aeothoueny;

a) *i?iiaeeuenueeo aea?aeaaio aoae?aaeueio eiiiai?th c naiino?eiei
aaeainii oa i?aaaie th?eaee/ii? iniae ia aac? iiooaeiinoae i iaeia
i?ae?icae?e?a, ui aeeiiothoue aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaei? oa
aoaeiaaeueii-?aiiioii ?iaioe. A no?oeoo?? oe??? eiiiai?? aeioe?eueii
iaoe niaoe?ae?ciaaia aea?aaiia?a?iaia ae?iaieoeoai, aei noa?e
ae?yeueiino? yeiai iiaeiii aoiaeeoe ia o?eueee caaacia/aiiy aeanieo
iio?aa ciie a ieeiiaoa??aeao i eiino?oeoe?yo, aea i ?aae?caoe?y /anoeie
oaei? i?iaeoeoe?? ia caaaeueiiio ?eieo ieeiiaoa??ae?a (iicaathaeaeaoi?
iaaeoiaeaeaiiy);

a) aea?aeaaiee *i?iiaeeuenueeee eiioiaeueii-iiaooiaee eiia?iao c
naiino?eiei aaeainii oa i?aaaie th?eaee/ii? iniae ia
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/i?e aac? *i?iiaeeuenueeiai aeeoeiai-eiioiaeueiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa, *i?iiaeeuenueeiai oi?a?aaeueiiai i?aei?e?inoaa
«*i?iiaeeue», *i?iiaeeuenueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa oaieiaeo i aeaeo?e/ieo
ia?aae, *i?iiaeeuenueeiai i?aei?e?inoaa ca’yceo oa *i?iiaeeuenueeiai
i?aei?e?inoaa iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai iinoa/aiiy oa aea?aeaaiiai
aaoio?ainii?oiiai i?aei?e?inoaa, ui ye naiino?ei? i?aei?e?inoaa
e?ea?aeothoueny.

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeeeaaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei i?aai?caoe??
o?iainoaaiiy i ieaioaaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy a
iiaeo oiiaao.

A E N I I A E E

1. Oe?a?ia — e?a?ia, ui aeei?enoiao? neeaaei? yaea?i? oaoiieia??,
caeia? 7 i?noea a na?o? ii anoaiiaeai?e iiooaeiino? yaea?ieo
aeaeo?inoaioe?e, aeei?enoiao? i?eaeecii ia 7 oeny/ao i?aei?e?inoa
?aae?i?cioiii? iaoa??aee oa i?eeaaee, ia? a e?eueea ?ac?a a?eueoa, i?ae
o na?aaeiueiio ii ?a?ii?, oaoiiaaiia iaaaioaaeaiiy ia oa?eoi??th.
Ieoaiiy ?aae?iaeieia?/ii? aaciaee noa? aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith
Iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie. *i?iiaeeuenueea eaoano?ioa iieacaea
aaaeeea?noue a?aooaaiiy /eiiee?a yaea?ieo aaa??e. Iaeia aaa??y oeio
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ii caaaeaiei caeoeai oa aeo?aoai ia ?? iiaeieaiiy iiaea
c?iaeoe aaie?ooii oaeo aea?aeaao, ye Oe?a?ia. O?eueee ca 1992 -1997 ??.
aeo?aoe ia e?ea?aeaoe?th iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe
ia?aaeueee noio aea?aaeaioio 4049,1 ie?ae. $ NOA, a caaaeueia noia
iacai?ioieo ao?ao ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa Oe?a?ie a?ae eaoano?ioe ia
*i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN, ca aenia?oieie ioe?ieaie, neeaaea i?eaeecii 91,0 —
94,4 ie?ae. e?a. a oe?iao 1984 ?ieo (127,6 — 132,3 ie?ae. $ NOA).

2. Ciia a?ae/oaeaiiy c ia’?eoii «Oe?eooy» o aeo?aoao ia e?ea?aeaoe?th
iane?aee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe neeaaea? ~ 6 %. E??i oiai,
a?aoiaoth/e: a) aaia?ao?/ia iieiaeaiiy ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy (aa?o?a’y ?.
Aei?i?i), a c ?. Aei?i?i aeei?enoiao?oueny aiaea aeey ~ 30 iei.
ianaeaiiy Oe?a?ie; a) oa, ui 96 % ?aae?iaeoeaieo a?aeoiae?a, ye?
ooai?eeenue aiane?aeie aaa???, ciaoiaeyoueny ia oa?eoi??? ciie
a?ae/oaeaiiy, noaa?e?caoe?y ?aae?iaeieia?/ii? neooaoe??, iaaeiiouaiiy
aeiino ?aae?iaeoeaiino? c oeeo oa?eoi??e ia? no?aoaa?/ia cia/aiiy aeey
Oe?a?ie.

3. I?e oaeeo ianooaaao aaa??? aaee/acia cia/aiiy ia? i?aaeeueia
oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeieia?/ieo canaae ae?yeueiino? ia
?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo, iioeiaeueia i?aai?caoe?y
no?oeoo?e ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?, cie?aia, o cii?
a?ae/oaeaiiy, oa ?? aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie a ?aae?caoe?? caaaeaiue uiaei
noaa?e?caoe?? ?aae?iaeieia?/ii? neooaoe?? oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oa?eoi??e.

4. A oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy iiaiai oeio aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei o noni?euenoa?
iio??aia nai?/ania ?aaaoaaiiy ia ci?io neooaoe??, a naia:

— ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y ae?iaie/a-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno;

— ?aoe?iiae?caoe?y aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/i? neee;

— ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oi?i ainiiaea?thaaiiy ia iniia? aea?aeaaieo
caiiaeaiue;

— noai?aiiy ae?eiai? nenoaie o?iainiaeo, o?oaeiaeo ? iaoa??aeueieo
ii?iaoea?a.

5. Ia iniia? ?ic?iaeaieo ieai?a oa cania?a oi?ioaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo nenoai, a naia no?oeoo?e ainiiaea?nueeeo
nenoai, aeei?enoaiiy ?iai/i? neee, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oi?i
ainiiaea?thaaiiy, noai?aiiy o?iainiaeo, o?oaeiaeo ? iaoa??aeueieo
ii?iaoea?a ia i?eeeaae? *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy iieacaii
caniae oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo nenoai i?e e?ea?aeaoe??
iane?aee?a ?ioeo aaeeeeo aaa??e.

6. C iaoith cae?eniaiiy ae?yeueiino? ni?yiiaaii? ia a?aeiiaeaiiy
aeieia?/ii aacia/iiai noaio oa?eoi??e, ?o ?aaa?e?oaoe??, caaacia/aiiy
oiia ?aaeeio ? aeei?enoaiiy, ?ia?o ii e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??? oa ?o
iane?aee?a, ?ioi? ae?yeueiino? iio??aii anoaiiaethaaoe aeieia?/iee
noaoon oa?eoi??e a neooaoe?yo aeieeiaiiy aaeeeeo aaa??e oa i?e
e?ea?aeaoe?? ?o iane?aee?a.

7. Aeey aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe ii e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??e oa onoiaiiy ?o
iane?aee?a, ?aaeaiaiooaaiiy oa ii?ioaaiiy ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
oa caoenoo ianaeaiiy oa in?a, ye? aa?ooue o/anoue o e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa???
oa ?? iane?aee?a, anoaiiaeththoueny aeiiae uiaei nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
ae?yeueiino? ia oa?eoi??yo, ui caciaee aaa??eiiai aieeao.

Caaaeuei? i?eioeeie ae??oaiiy ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iith ae?yeuei?noth, aeeth/athoue:

— aecia/aiiy eiiiaoaioe?? i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy ii a?aeiioaiith aei
oa?eoi??e, ye? caciaee aaa??eiiai aieeao;

— eeaneo?eaoe?th ianooaa?a aaa??eiiai aieeao;

— aecia/aiiy aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy aaa??eieo oa i?neyaaa??eieo ?ia?o;

— caaacia/aiiy ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino? ia aaa??eieo oa?eoi??yo, a
oiio /ene? oi?aae?iiy ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeei eiiieaenii ia oeeo
oa?eoi??yo;

— iaiaaeaiiy aeae?a ae?yeueiino? ia «aaa??eieo» oa?eoi??yo oa aecia/aiiy
?o i?aaiaiai ?aaeeio.

8. A?aoiaoth/e oi?eaeueiee oa?aeoa? iicai?iaeoieo aaa??e (eaoano?io),
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??e ? ia’?eo?a ye iie?aii?a
aeey iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue ?c caeo/aiiyi i?aeia?iaeii? ni?eueiioe,
iniaeeai i?e aeiaaino?ieia?e ae?yeueiino? ii e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a
aaa???, aeioe?eueii anoaiiaethaaoe iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee noaoon ae?yeueiino?
ia oeeo oa?eoi??yo. I?eioeeie ae?yeueiino? iiaeii? aecia/aoeny i?aaiaei,
aeieia?/iei oa nioe?aeueii-aeieia?/iei noaoonii oeeo oa?eoi??e.

9.Aeeiiaia anaa?/ia ioe?iea ?ecee?a aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN
iieacaea, ui iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e iniiai? eaoaai??? ?ecee?a:

— ?eceee, iia’ycai? c iaaaoeaiei aieeaii aaa??? ia caei?ia’y ethaeae ?
iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua;

— noa’?eoeai? ?eceee, iia’ycai? c ni?eeiyooyi iane?aee?a aaa???
ianaeaiiyi ? ?eceee aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao;

— ?eceee, iia’ycai? c aenieoaoaoe??th yaea?ieo ?aaeoi??a ? iiaeeea?noth
?o ciaioaiiy ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy *i?iiaeeuenueeiai aeina?aeo.

?eceee aeiiii?/ieo ao?ao o?nii iia’ycai? c ?eceeaie ye? iaaaoeaii
aieeaathoue ia iaaeieeoi? na?aaeiaeua oa ethaeae o cii? a?ae/oaeaiiy,
oiio iioei?caoe?y ae?yeueiino? ae?iaie/a-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy cieaeo? aeiiii?/i? ao?aoe oa aeaeaoee
c aea?aeaaiiai athaeaeaoo.

10. Aeey i?i?i?caoe?? iane?aee?a aaa??? o *i?iiaeeuenuee?e cii?
a?ae/oaeaiiy, e??i aeuaiaaaaeaieo oaeoi??a, aeoaea aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy
iathoue oaeiae oaeoi?e, iia’ycai? ?c ci?iaie caeiiiaeaanoaa o aea?aeaa?,
a oaeiae oaeoi?e iie?oe/iiai oa?aeoa?o, a naia:

a) ?iciaae ?aaeyinueeiai Nithco oa iia’ycai? c oeei ci?ie o no?oeoo??
i?aai?a oi?aae?iiy eiiieaenii, ciiith a?ae/oaeaiiy ? iaeaaei?noue ciie
a?ae/oaeaiiy oa ia’?eo?a ?icoaoiaaieo o i?e ?ioei aea?aeaaai (?in??,
A?ei?on?);

a) ??oaiiy i?i aeino?ieiaee aea?ae aeie?a *i?iiaeeuenueei? AAN c
aenieoaoaoe?? oa iia’ycai? c oeei aeiaeaoeia? i?iaeaie
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o, cie?aia i?aoeaaeaoooaaiiy
aea?eueiaieo i?aoe?aiee?a *i?iiaeeuenueei? AAN, ae??oaiiy i?iaeai i?noa
Neaaooe/. Oea noaaeoue ia ii?yaeie aeaiiee iia? i??i?eoaoe ae?yeueiino?
oa a?aooaaiiy i?e ci?iao o ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiio eiiieaen? oeeo
?aa?iiaeueieo i?iaeai.

11. Canaaee ? aieiai? iai?yie oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ii?
nenoaie *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy iiaeia ?icae?eeoe ia e?eueea
aoai?a, ui aoee aeeiiai?, aai ciaoiaeyoueny o noaae?? aeeiiaiiy. Ia
aeaiiio aoai? ia i?aei?e?inoaao i?iaaaeaii no?oeoo?i? ci?ie ii
noai?aiith ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeie?a oa iaoai?ci?a o?iainoaaiiy /a?ac
iniiaia ae?iaieoeoai.

Aieiaieie iai?yiaie oaeineiiaeaiiy ?:

— ?icaeoeo aaaaeaii? nenoaie a?aeii/iai caiiaeaiiy ia aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o;

— ia?aaeyae iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa c oi/ee ci?o
aini?ic?aooieiai? ae?yeueiino? oa iaiao?aeiino? o/ano? i?aei?e?inoa,
?icoaoiaaieo o cii? a?ae/oaeaiiy, a e?ea?aeaoe?? iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e
ia an?e oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie;

— i?iaeiaaeaiiy nei?i/aiiy /enaeueiino? oa aeaaaeaiiy /anoeie ia?niiaeo
on?o a?aeiinoa oa onoaiia ca iaae? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy;

— cae?eniaiiy o?iainoaaiiy ca i??i?eoaoieie iai?yiaie ?ia?o /a?ac
i?aei?e?inoaa iniiaii? ae?yeueiino?;

— iiaeaeueoa aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/i-aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei
ooieoe?iiaeueieo aeie?a;

— i?iaaaeaiiy oaiaea??a ia aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o.

Oea aeicaieeoue a iiaeaeueoiio aeeiioaaoe caaaeaiiy ii i?i?i?caoe??
iane?aee?a aaa??? a cii? a?ae/oaeaiiy i?e a?eueo iioeiaeuei?e e?eueeino?
i?aoethth/eo oa ciaioaii? aeo?ao i?e iaci?iieo ianyaao ?ia?o.

Nienie iniiaieo iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??:

1.Oieioa A.?. Iaeyae no/aniiai noaio ?ia?o ii e?ea?aeaoe?? iane?aee?a
aaa??? ia oa?eoi??? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy oa ia?oi/a?aiaeo caoiae?a uiaei
oaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy ? iioei?caoe?? athaeaeaoiiai o?iainoaaiiy
?ia?o ia caa?oaeiaieo oa?eoi??yo Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee ca??iee “I?iaeaie
*i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie a?ae/oaeaiiy”, aei.?5, 1998. — 0.8 ae.a.

2. Oieioa A.?., Niaioiae/ ?.A. Eiioeaioe?y *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie
a?ae/oaeaiiy Iaoeiai-oaoi?/iee ca??iee “I?iaeaie *i?iiaeeuenueei? ciie
a?ae/oaeaiiy”, aei.?1, 1994. (aaoi?nueeeo — 1.5 ae.a).

3. Aeanyoue eao iinea aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN. Iaoeeiiaeueiue
aeieeaae Oe?aeiu. — Iei/a?iiaueue, 1996. 12.0 i.e.(aaoi?neeo — 2.3 ia/.
e.).

4. *i?iiaeeuenueea eaoano?ioa. — E.: Iaoeiaa aeoiea, 1996. 35 ae.a.
(aaoi?nueeeo — 2.6 ae.a.).

5. Oieioa A.E. Oaeouay neooaoeey iinea *a?iiaueueneie aaa?ee a Oe?aeia
//Nai?iee aeieeaaeia Ia?aie Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie eiioa?aioeee Aa?iiaeneie
eiiennee Aaei?one, ?inneeneie Oaaea?aoeee e Oe?aeiu ii ?aaeeieiae/aneei
iineaaenoaey *a?iiaueueneie aaa?ee. — Ieine, 1996. (aaoi?neeo — 1.2.
ia/. e.).

6. Oieioa A.E. Aeanyoue eao iinea *a?iiaueueneie eaoano?iou: enoi?ey,
ianoiyuaa e aoaeouaa //Nai?iee aeieeaaeia Iaaeaeoia?iaeiie iao/iie
eiioa?aioeee. — Aaia, 8-12 ai?aey 1996 a. (aaoi?neeo — 0.7 ia/. e.).

7. V.I.Kholosha, E.Sobotovith. Management problems of the restricted
zone around Chernobyl //The radiological conseguences of the Chernobyl
accident. — EUR16544EN. (aao.- 0.5 ae.a.).

8. Caoeno ianaeaiiy ? oa?eoi??e Oe?a?ie a?ae iaaecae/aeieo neooaoe?e.
??/ia aeiiia?aeue ca 1997 ??e. — E.: IIN, 1998 — 83 n. (aaoi?nueeeo —
0.5 ae.a.).

9.Aeeiiaiiy o 1997 ?ioe? Iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie i?i?i?caoe?? iane?aee?a
*i?iiaeeuenueei? eaoano?ioe. ??/ia aeiiia?aeue. -E.:IIN, 1998. -50n.
(aaoi?nueeeo — 0.5 ae.a.).

Aiioaoe?y

Oieioa A.?. I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ?aae?caoe??
?aaa?e?oaoe?eii? iie?oeee oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy. —
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.10.01 — ?ici?uaiiy i?iaeoeoeaieo nee ?
?aa?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea. — ?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie
IAI Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?eio ?iaioo i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi oi?ioaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aae?caoe?? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eii?
iie?oeee oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy. A ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii
eiiieaenia aeine?aeaeaiiy noeoiiino? i?iaeai nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? oa?eoi??e ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy, aecia/aii iai?yie
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? *i?iiaeeuenueeiai ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueeiai eiiieaeno
oa eiai eaiie.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ai?iaaaeaeaii a aeiiii?/io
i?aeoeeo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci, nioe?aeueia
iie?oeea, ?aa?ii, ?eieiaa aeiiii?ea.

Aiiioaoeey

Oieioa A.E. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneee iaoaieci ?aaeecaoeee
?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiie iieeoeee oa??eoi?ee ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai caa?yciaiey. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.10.01 — ?aciauaiea i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee e
?aaeiiaeueiay yeiiiieea. — Niaao ii eco/aieth i?iecaiaeeoaeueiuo nee
Oe?aeiu IAI Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iinayuaia aii?inai oi?ie?iaaiey
i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneiai iaoaiecia ?aaeecaoeee ?aaaeeeoaoeeiiiie
iieeoeee oa??eoi?ee ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai caa?yciaiey. A ?aaioa i?iaaaeaii
eiiieaeniia enneaaeiaaiea niaieoiiinoe i?iaeai nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneie
?aaaeeeoaoeee oa??eoi?ee ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai caa?yciaiey, ii?aaeaeaiu
iai?aaeaiey ?ano?oeoo?ecaoeee *a?iiaueueneiai
i?iecaiaenoaaiii-oicyenoaaiiiai eiiieaena e aai caaiueaa.

Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou aeenna?oaoeeiiiie ?aaiou aiaae?aiu a yeiiiie/aneoth
i?aeoeeo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneee iaoaieci, nioeeaeueiay
iieeoeea, ?aaeii, ?uii/iay yeiiiieea.

Summary

Holosha V.I. Organisation and economical mechanism for realisation of
the rehabilitation policy due to the radioactive contaminated
territories.

Manuscript.

The thesis is promoted to maintain candidate scholar degree in
economics. Speciality 08.10.01. — Productive forces distribution and
regional economics/ Council for Studying Ukrainian Productive Forces.
Ukrainian Academy of Sciences, Kyiv, 1998.

The thesis is devoted to problems of formation of the organisation and
economical mechanism of the rehabilitation policy due to the radioactive
contaminated territories. The complex research for the aggregate of
problems of the social and economical rehabilitation of the radioactive
contaminated territories is carried out in the work, trends of
restructure of the Chernobyl production and economic complex and its
links are determined also.

Main results of the thesis have been introduced in practice.

Key words: organisation and economical mechanism, social policy, region,
market economy.

Oi?iao 60o8416

Iai?? oei. ?1.

Oiia. ae?oe. a?e. 1.09

Caiiae. 359. Oe?aae 100

?aaea ii aea/aiith i?iaeoeoeaieo nee Oe?a?ie IAI Oe?a?ie

252032, Ee?a, a. Oaa/aiea, 60

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