I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A??IE*A AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

EO*AAA Iao?i Ea?iiae/

OAeE 622.8:331.45

I?AAI?CAOe?EII-AEIIII?*I? INIIAE

OI?AAE?IIss IOI?IIITH I?AOe?

O AOA?EUeI?E I?IIENEIAINO?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa

? i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1999 Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aeiiaoeuee?e aea?aeaai?e aeaaeai?? oi?aae?iiy
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee
ni?a?ia?oiee

AIE?IUeEI Aaneeue ?aaiiae/

Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aa?ieia?? oa ioi?iie i?aoe?

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? NAEE? Aieiaeeie?
?ee?/,

Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaiaaeaeiaioo

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eicoaaiei A?eoi? Ieaen?eiae/

Aeiiaanueeee a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiee ?inoeooo,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e ioi?iie i?aoe? ?

iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

EAooaa Ieaa ?aaiiae/, Iae??anueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee

?inoeooo c aaciaee ?ia?o o a??ie/?e i?iieneiaino?,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ai?ioueae c ?oaeieeiaei ieeii

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aeiiaoeueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aoa?eueiee
?inoeooo (AeiiAOA?), aaeocaaee oeaio? aeiiii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
I?i?noa?noaa aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie (i. Aeiiaoeuee)

Caoeno aeena?oaoei? aiaeaoaeaoueny «_22_»_aeiaoiy_____1999?. i _13
aiaeeii ia caniaeaiii niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.08.080.03 i?e
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 49027, i.
Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, i?. E.Ia?ena, 19

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a aiaeiioaoei Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 49027, i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee,
i?. E.Ia?ena, 19

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee «_21_»__aa?aniy___1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
A.A. Oa?/aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie. Aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie ? iniiaiith
aaeoccth, ui caaacia/o? e?a?io aia?aiiin?yie ? iinoa/a? ia iaeeaiee
?eiie an? aeaee aoa?eey. A??ie/i-aaieia?/i? oiiae a?eueoino? aoa?eueieo
?iaeiaeu a?ae??ciythoueny neeaaei?noth ? nii?aaee/i?noth i?io?eaiiy
aeeaeiieo i?ioean?a, a ca’yceo c /ei oiiae i?aoe? ia aoa?eueieo oaooao
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny aaeeeith e?euee?noth iaaacia/ieo ? oe?aeeeaeo
ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a, ye? nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia aeeooy ? caei?ia’y
i?aoethth/eo ? iaoiiaeththoue aenieee ??aaiue o?aaiaoecio oa
i?iocaoai?thaaiue a aaeoc?. E??i oiai, oe? oaeoi?e cieaeothoue
aeiiii?/i? iieacieee ?iaioe aaeoc?. O?eueee aaa??e ia i?aei?e?inoaao
I?iaoaeai?iio Oe?a?ie a?aeaoaa?oueny ui??/ii a na?aaeiueiio a?eueo 100,
iniiaieie c ieo ?: i?aecaii? iiaeaae?, iaaaeaiiy ii??ae, aeaooe aaco ?
aoa?eueiiai ieeo, ?aioia? aeeeaee aoa?eey ? aaco, a??nuee? oaea?e. A
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a oe? yaeua noi?iaiaeaeothoueny aeaaeeth ?
o?aaioaaiiyi a??iee?a, a ui??/i? iaoa??aeuei? caeoee i?e oeueiio
neeaaeathoue a?ey 150 iei. a?i., ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei iiaei?iae/aiiy
nia?aa?oino? aoaeaaeaeiaooeo ia 15 ? a?eueoa a?aenioe?a.

Aeo?aoe ia ?aae?caoe?th caoiae?a ii ioi?ii? i?aoe? ia aoa?eueieo oaooao
a 2-3 ?ace aeu?, i?ae a ?ioeo aaeocyo i?iieneiaino?, iaeiae ? aiie ia
ae??oothoue i?iaeaio a oe?eiio.

Noai?aiiy aoaeoeaiiai caoenoo a??iee?a a?ae ae?? oe?aeeeaeo ?
iaaacia/ieo oaeoi??a i?e ?iaio? a i?aecaiieo oiiaao ? neeaaeiith
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/iith ? aeiiii?/iith caaea/ath, ui iei? a aeinoaoi?e
i??? ia ae??oaia. Caoiaee c ioi?iie i?aoe? /anoi aeyaeythoueny
iaaeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaieie, a ?ieiee ? aeiiii?/ii iaaeioe?eueieie, ai
aaaaoi c ieo a iiai?e i??? ia a?aoiaothoue ye iaaaoeai? i?e?iaei? yaeua,
oae ? ci?ie a noni?eueieo a?aeiioaiiyo, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a inoaii?
?iee. Iecueea aoaeoeai?noue caaaeaieo caoiae?a coiiaeaia oaeiae ci?iith
iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy iaoe?iiaeueiith aeiiii?eith, iaiao?aei?noth
?ai?aai?caoe?? aoa?eueii? aaeoc? ? a?aeiiae a?ae o?aaeeoe?eii? i?aeoeee
aeioaoe?e i?aei?e?inoa.

Aeiiii?/ii aei?aaaeaiei ? oaeee i?aeo?ae aei ??oaiiy caaea/ caoenoo
i?aoethth/eo, eiee no?oeoo?a aeo?ao ia ioi?iio i?aoe? a?aeiia?aea?
oaeoe/iiio ??aith iaaacia/ieo ? oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a.
Aieiaieie i?e/eiaie, ui no?eiothoue oe?iea canoinoaaiiy iioeiaeueii?
no?oeoo?e aeo?ao ia ioi?iio i?aoe?, ? a?aenooi?noue iaoiae?a ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? caoiae?a oa cania?a iie?ioaiiy oiia i?aoe? a??iee?a ?
i?aeaeuaiiy ?? aaciaee oa iaaeinoaoiy iaae?ei?noue i?iaiico ia?aiao??a
nenoaie ioi?iie i?aoe?.

A?aoiaoth/e, ui iniaeeai aaaee? oiiae i?aoe? aeieeathoue i?e aaeee?e
e?eueeino? oa ??ciiiai?oiino? ae?? ia i?aoethth/eo oe?aeeeaeo oa
iaaacia/ieo oaeoi??a a oiiaao aoa?eueieo oaoo, ?ic?iaea oa iaa?oiooaaiiy
iaoiae?a ioe?iie aoaeoeaiino? caoiae?a caoenoo i?aoethth/eo oa
iie?ioaiiy ia ?o aac? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith i?aoe? aeicaieeoue
ae??oeoe aaaeeeao iaoeiai-i?aeoe/io oa aeooaeueio aeey aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino? i?iaeaio caa?aaeaiiy aeeooy ? caei?ia’y i?aoethth/eo a
oiiaao aoa?eueieo oaoo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei Iaoe?iiaeueii? i?ia?aie
iie?ioaiiy ioi?iie i?aoe? ia 1996 — 2000 ??., i?eeiyoith Eaa?iaoii
I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie a?ae 02.11.96 ?. ? 1345 ca oaiaoe/ieie ieaiaie
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Aeiiaoeueei? aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oi?aae?iiy.

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith ?iaioe ? iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith i?aoe? o
aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?, ye? caaacia/othoue iie?ioaiiy oiia i?aoe?
i?aoethth/eo ? ?o iaae?eiee caoeno a?ae oe?aeeeaeo oa iaaacia/ieo
ae?iaie/eo yaeu ia aoa?eueieo oaooao.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy cacia/aii? iaoe o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaai?
oae? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue:

— aeyaeoe oa aeine?aeeoe oaeoi?e, ye? aecia/athoue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
ioi?iiith i?aoe? ia aoa?eueieo oaooao;

— aeine?aeeoe i?ioeane, ui aieeaathoue ia ci?io ??aiy iaaacia/iino?
i?aoe? a oiiaao aoa?eueieo oaoo;

— i?iaanoe eiiieaenio aeiiii?/io oa nioe?aeueio ioe?ieo oe?aeeeaeo ?
iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo yaeu ? cania?a caoenoo a?ae ieo i?aoethth/eo;

— ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aeo?ao ia ioi?iio i?aoe? oa
aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo cania?a oa nenoai
caoenoo i?aoethth/eo a?ae aaa??e, oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo
oaeoi??a.

— ?ic?iaeoe oa ai?iaaaeeoe iaoiaee nenoaiiiai oi?aae?iiy iioi/ieie ?
eai?oaeueieie aeo?aoaie aeey caaacia/aiiy aacia/ieo oa iaoe?aeeeaeo oiia
i?aoe?.

?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui noai?aiiy aacia/ieo ? iaoe?aeeeaeo oiia
i?aoe? o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? iiaeeeaa oeyoii aeeoa?aioe?eiaaii? ?
iine?aeiaii? ?aae?caoe?? ?aaoeyoeaieo caoiae?a o nenoai? oi?aae?iiy
ioi?iiith i?aoe?, ye? aeae?athoueny ia iniia? aeiiii?/ieo ?ioaa?aeueieo
iieaciee?a ? caaacia/othoue iioeiaeueiee ?iciiae?e eioo?a ia ioi?iio
i?aoe?, iie?ioaiiy oiia i?aoe? oa caoeno ?ia?oiee?a i?e aaa??yo.

Ia iniia? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue noi?ioeueiaai? oae? iaoeia?
iieiaeaiiy:

— aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea ae?iaie/i? iaaaciaee ? i?ioan?eii? oe?aeeeaino? ?
?ioaa?aeueiith i??ith iaaacia/iino? ? oe?aeeeaino? ia’?eoa /e
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano, aiia caaacia/o? ia?ao?ae a?ae ie?aieo aei
i?eaaaeaieo ocaaaeueiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee noaio ioi?iie i?aoe? ia
aoa?eueieo oaooao ? aenooia? ye ae?aaiinoe/ia aaca aeey ia?a?iciiae?eo
aeo?ao ia caoiaee oa caniae c ioi?iie i?aoe?;

— iaeaeua aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iayaieo iaiaaeaieo ?ano?n?a, ui
aeae?eythoueny ia caoeno i?aoethth/eo a?ae iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo
oaeoi??a, aeinyaa?oueny i?e ?iciiae?e? oeeo ?ano?n?a i?iii?oe?eii
aaee/ei? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ae?iaie/i? iaaaciaee ? i?ioan?eii?
oe?aeeeaino? ia’?eo?a;

— ei?aeoi?noue ioe?ithaaiiy aoaeoeaiino? i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ?
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a nenoaie ioi?iie i?aoe? oa iaae?eiino?
nenoai caoenoo i?aoethth/eo a?ae oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo
yaeu ia caaacia/o?oueny iaoiaeaie eeane/ii? iaoaiaoe/ii? iioei?caoe??, a
aeinyaa?oueny i?e ?i?oaoe?eiiio aeaoa?i?iiaaiiio iiaeaethaaii? nenoaie
eiiieaeniiai caoenoo ia iniia? iao?eoeue aaciaeo cia/aiue aeiiii?/ii?
ioe?iee iaaacia/ieo ? oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a;

— aaa???, ye? aeieeathoue ia aoa?eueieo oaooao, i?aeei?ththoueny caeiio
Ioanniia ? aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/ ca’ycaieo ?c nii?aaee/ieie
ia?aaoey?ieie yaeuaie, yeeie ? oe? aaa???, aeioe?eueii aeei?enoaiiy
?iia??ieo iiaeaeae, ui aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe ?iia??io i?e?iaeo
a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo i?ioean?a, a aeey a?aooaaiiy aeeiai?ee yaeu, i?e
iiaoaeia? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ioe?iie oe?aeeeaeo oa
iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a, iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe a?iioace i?i
aeeoa?aioe?aeueii-aaeeoeaia oyaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo iane?aee?a aaa??e ?
noioanoe/io caeaaei?noue i?ae noaae?yie ?icaeoeo aaa??e, caniaaie oa
niiniaaie ?o e?ea?aeaoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue:

1. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaai? i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy ? ?icaeoeo
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a a noa?? ioi?iie i?aoe? ia
aoa?eueieo oaooao, ia aac? yeeo ?ic?iaeai? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?
? iaoiaee ?ic?aooieo ioe?iie aoaeoeaiino? nenoai caoenoo i?aoethth/eo
a?ae iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo yaeu, ui a?ae??ciythoueny
nenoaiaoecaoe??th aoa?eueieo oaoo ca a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieie oiiaaie,
o?aooaaiiyi aieeao eiiieaeno i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a ia
noai ioi?iie i?aoe? ? aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe aeo?aoe ia caoiaee ii
ioi?ii? i?aoe? c i?i?iaeueieie caeoeaie.

2. Aia?oa onoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino? ia?aiao??a aaa??eieo i?ioean?a a?ae
iiooaeiino? aoa?eueieo ieano?a, aeeaeie ?ic?iaee, oaoiieia?? aeaeiaooeo
aoa?eey, ??aiy eiioeaio?aoe?? a??ie/eo ?ia?o, no?oeoo?e ia’?eo?a (ii
aeaeo o?ainii?oieo cania?a, aeaeo iaoa??aeo e??ieaiiy, aeaeo aia?a??),
aeei?enoaiiy yeeo aea? iiaeeea?noue iie?ioeoe oiiae i?aoe? ? i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue ?iciiae?eo eioo?a ia ioi?iio i?aoe?.

3. ?ic?iaeai? oa iaoeiai iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo yaeu ia aoa?eueieo oaooao c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny a?aooaaiiyi ?iia??ii?
i?e?iaee ae?? iaaacia/ieo oaeoi??a, aeieeiaiiy iiaeaae, aeaoo?a oa
aeeeae?a aoa?eey ? aaco, a oaeiae caeii?a aca?iiae?? a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo
? a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo oaeoi??a oa ?o aieeao ia ??aaiue aaciaee oaoo

4. Oia?oa, ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aeine?aeaeaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi
iaoiae?a oai??? ?iia??iino? oa iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee iieaciee?a
iaaacia/ieo ? oe?aeeeaeo yaeu oa i?eaaaeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeiiii?/iiai
caeoeo a?ae aaa??e ia aoa?eueieo oaooao, aeaia ?ioaa?aeueia ioe?iea oiia
i?aoe? ia aoa?eueieo oaooao yea ? ae?aaiinoe/iith aacith noaio ioi?iie
i?aoe? ? ia iniia? ia?a?iciiae?eo aeo?ao ia ia ie?ai? caoiaee ii ioi?ii?
i?aoe?, a ia ?o eiiieaen, caaacia/o? ia?ao?ae a?ae ie?aieo aei
i?eaaaeaieo ocaaaeueiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee noaio ioi?iie i?aoe? ia
aoa?eueieo oaooao.

5. ?ic?iaeai? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ioe?iie aoaeoeaiino? iiaeo
oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue c ioi?iie i?aoe?, ui a?ae??ciythoueny o?aooaaiiyi
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo yaeu ia aoa?eueieo oaooao.

6. ?ic?iaeai? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith
i?aoe? o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny a?aooaaiiyi
??aiy aaciaee ia’?eo?a /a?ac ?iciiae?e ?o ii ?aiaai, aoaeoeaiino?
cania?a caoenoo a?ae oe?aeeeaeo oa iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a ?
?iciiae?eo eioo?a ia caoiaee oa caniae c ioi?iie i?aoe? i?iii?oe?eii
aeiiii?/iei ioe?ieai iaaacia/iino? oa oe?aeeeaino? ia’?eo?a oa
oaoiieia?e, ui aeicaiey? noai?eoe iaae?eio nenoaio oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith
i?aoe? ia aoa?eueieo oaooao a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? i?eioeei?a
ioe?ithaaiiy iaaacia/iino? oaoo ii aeciaaiiei oa aiaeiaaiiei iiaeaaeai,
aeaooai ? aeeeaeai aoa?eueiiai ieeo oa aaco, ui caniiaai? ia aeei?enoai?
iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee iaeeo aea??ie ? a?aooaaii?
ai?ii-oaoi?/ieo iniaeeainoae ia’?eo?a i?e aeae?eai? ?o a iaeii??aei?
a?oie; ?ic?iaeaii? oi?aa?naeueiiai iaoiaeo ioe?ithaaiiy oiia i?aoe? ia
aoa?eueieo oaooao, yeee aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue i?aai?caoe?eii?
no?oeoo?e ? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a nenoaie ioi?iie i?aoe? oa
iaae?eiino? nenoai caoenoo i?aoethth/eo a?ae oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo yaeu;
oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii? ??oaiiy caaea/? iioeiaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo
iaiaaeaieo ?ano?n?a ia nenoaie caoenoo i?aoethth/eo a?ae iaaacia/ieo
yaeu (c o?aooaaiiyi aaaaoioaeoi?iino? caaea/?) oa ?ic?iaeaii? ia eiai
i?aenoaa? iaoiaeieia?? uiaei oi?aae?iiy iioi/ieie oa eai?oaeueieie
aeo?aoaie ia noai?aiiy aacia/ieo oiia i?aoe? c aeei?enoaiiyi iao?e/iiai
iaoiaeo ieaioaaiiy ? a?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/ieo ioe?iie oe?aeeeaeo oa
iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo yaeu.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeeiiai?
oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa anoaiiaeai? iia? caeiiii??iino? aeicaieeee
?ic?iaeoe iia? iaoiaee aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo
ae?iaie/eo yaeu, i?iaiicoaaiiy aeo?ao ia ioi?iio i?aoe?, oa ?yae
ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a, ui ae?thoue o aoaeaaeiaoai?e aaeoc?, a ?o
/ene?:

— «Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?ioeeaeoeea i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
o?aaiaoecia ia oaooao Oe?aeiu” (caoaa?aeaeai? I?iaoaeai?iiii Oe?a?ie);

— «?oeiaiaenoai ii auai?o ai?iioaoie/aneeo niiniaia ii?iaeecaoeee
eeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee ia auaii/iuo o/anoeao aeoaieeo oaoo”
(caoaa?aeaeaia I?iaoaeai?iiii Oe?a?ie).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii naiino?eii noi?ioeueiaai? iaoa e
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, ?aeay ?iaioe, aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??,
?ic?iaeai? eiioeaioe?y ?iaioe oa ?? aieiai? iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? i?eioeeie,
iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee oa i?iaaaeai? a oe?ieiio ae?aiacii? oiia oaoo
Aeiiaan ?iia??ii-noaoenoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia?iaeai? ?o ?acoeueoaoe ?
ia ?o iniia? noi?iiaai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy oa aeo?aei? aeai? aeey
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy
ioi?iiith i?aoe?, iinoaaeaia aiae?oe/ia caaea/a, iaa?oioiaai? iaoiaee
oi?aae?iiy iioi/ieie oa eai?oaeueieie aeo?aoaie ia noai?aiiy aacia/ieo
oiia i?aoe? aeey caaacia/aiiy iaae?eiiai caoenoo i?aoethth/eo a oiiaao
oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a aoa?eueieo oaoo.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?? a i?aeoeeo aoa?eueieo oaoo
Aeiiaano cae?enithaaeinue ca iniaenoi? o/ano? aaoi?a.

Ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii aaoi?ii iniaenoi.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaea?aeaee noaaeaiiy ia i?aeia?iaei?e
eiioa?aioe?? ii ai?iouea? c ieeii o aoa?eueieo oaooao (i. Aeoooa,
1996?.), i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo a/aieo-aeiiii?no?a c
iaiaaeaeiaioo a aeiiii?oe? ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo (i. Aeiiaoeuee,
1997?.), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c oi?aae?iiy
o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie (i. Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1997?.), I-e I?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? c i?iaeai noaiiaeaiiy ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee
(i. Naaanoiiieue, 1998?.), i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? «Mine Planning and
Equipment Selection 1999 & Mine Environmental and Economical Issues
1999» (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999?.), i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? c i?iaeai oa ia?niaeoea ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie a oiiaao
?eieiai? o?ainoi?iaoe?? (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999?.), ia oaoi?/ieo
ia?aaeao I?iaoaeai?iio Oe?a?ie oa iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao Aeiiaoeueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? oi?aae?iiy.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 56 ?ia?o, a oiio /ene?
5 iiiia?ao?e (c ieo o?e naiino?ei?), 6 iaa/aeueieo iin?aiee?a, 10
a?ioo?, 5 aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa ia aeiaoiaee oa 30 noaoae ?
aeiiia?aeae.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
oanoe ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, ia?ae?eo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ?c 192 iaca,
aeiaeaoea, ia? 273 noi??iee iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, 25 ?enoie?a ia 23
noi??ieao, 61 oaaeeoey ia 42 noi??ieao, 2 aeiaeaoee ia 25 noi??ieao.
Caaaeueiee ianya — 363 noi??iee.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae oa noaio
ioi?iie i?aoe? ia oaooao aoaeaaeiaoaii? aaeoc?, yeee iieacaa, ui
a??ie/i-aaieia?/i? ? a??ie/ioaoi?/i? oiiae ? aaciaea i?aoe? i?aeoe/ii ia
an?o oaooao nooo?ai iia??oeeenue. Eiooe, ui aeae?eythoueny ia ioi?iio
i?aoe? ? iaaeinoaoi?ie ? aeei?enoiaothoueny iaaoaeoeaii. A?aenooi?e
?aeeiee iaoiaeieia?/iee i?aeo?ae a ioe?ioe? noaio ioi?iie i?aoe?,
iane?aee?a aaa??e, o?aaiaoecio ? i?ioan?eii? caoai?thaaiino?. A aaeoc?
ia ?ic?iaeaia oe?e?nia nenoaia oi?aae?iiy iayaieie ?ano?naie, iai?aaeaia
ia i?aeo?eieo ??aiy ioi?iie i?aoe? ia aeinyaiooiio ??ai? oa ei??iia
iie?ioaiiy oiia i?aoe? ia aoa?eueieo oaooao.

Iieacaii, ui aoaeoeai?noue caoiae?a c ioi?iie i?aoe? aecia/a?oueny ?o
a?aeiia?aei?noue ??aith aaciaee oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano. Aeey
caaacia/aiiy oaei? a?aeiia?aeiino? iaiao?aeii iaoe e?euee?nio ? ye?nio
ioe?ieo oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo yaeu, ui oa?aeoa?i? aeey
oaooe. I?iaiicoaaiiy aeo?ao ia nenoaio caoenoo i?aoethth/eo a?ae ieo
i?iii?oe?eii oeei ioe?ieai, aeicaiey? oieeiooe aaeeeeo aeo?ao ia ioi?iio
i?aoe?, ciaioeoe aaee/eio iaiaa?oioiaaiiai ?iciiae?eo eioo?a, /ei
i?aeaeueoe aeiiii?/i?noue oa iaae?ei?noue aenieoaoaoe?? cania?a ?
caoiae?a caoenoo aeeooy ? caei?ia’y ?ia?oiee?a oaoo aoa?eueii?
i?iieneiaino?. Aeey ioe?ithaaiiy iaaacia/iino? ? oe?aeeeaino? i?ioeano
aai ae?iaieoeoaa iei? aeei?enoiao?oueny aaaaoi ??ciiiai?oieo iieaciee?a
? e?eoa???a, aeiaeai c yeeo, ie?aii ia aea? iiaii? ae/a?iii? ioe?iee.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? iniiaieo iieiaeaiue oai???
aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo /eiiee?a.

Oiiae i?aoe? ia eiie?aoiiio ae?iaieoeoa? aecia/athoueny noeoii?noth
cia/iiai /enea iaaacia/ieo ? oe?aeeeaeo /eiiee?a, ye? iaiiaeeeai
ia’?aeiaoe ? c?noaaeoe i?ae niaith c aeiiiiiaith o?ce/ieo iieaciee?a. A
oe?e neooaoe??, ?aeeiei ??oaiiyi iiaea aooe ?oi? ia’?aeiaiiy /a?ac
aeiiii?/i? iieacieee. Oiio, ye iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa i?e ioe?ioe?
iaaaciaee ? oe?aeeeaino? ae?iaieoeoaa i?eeiyoa ianooiia iieiaeaiiy:
?ioaa?aeueiith i??ith iaaaciaee ? oe?aeeeaino? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
aai ae?iaieoeoaa ? aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea ae?iaie/i? iaaaciaee ? i?ioan?eii?
oe?aeeeaino? oa?aeoa?ieo aeey aeaiiai i?ioeano aai ae?iaieoeoaa.
A?aoiaoth/e oa, ui aeieeiaiiy aaa??e ? iauanieo aeiaaee?a, coiiaeaieo
aieeaii iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo /eiiee?a, iineoue ?iia??iee oa?aeoa?,
aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea oeeo yaeu iiaeiia aooe ?aeeiith ? a?aoiaoaaoe
i/?eoaai? aeiiii?/i? caeoee i?e aeieeiaii? iauanieo aeiaaee?a oa aaa??e
I(Ui) ? ?iia??io i?e?iaeo aeieeiaiiy oeeo yaeu. Aeey iaeiiai ia’?eoo

Ii=pi M(Ui), (1)

aea pi — ?iia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy aaa??? ia ia’?eo?.

Aeey a?oie ia’?eo?a iaeiiai oeio

(([(((((pi) k]((Ui), (2)

aea k — e?euee?noue ia’?eo?a iaeiiai oeio

Eiaeia aaa??y ui aeieeea ia ia’?eo? i?eiineoue nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?
caeoee, ui aeeoa?aioe?ththoueny ii i?e/eiai, iiaeaaei- aai
aeaooiiaaacia/iei ?a/iaeiai aai iaoa??aeai, caniaai e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??e,
aeey yeeo /an e?ea?aeaoe?? noi??iee c /anii ?icaeoeo aaa???. Eiie?aoiei
aea i?e/ei?, iaoa??aeo, ?a/iaei? aai caniao iiaea aooe iinoaaeaia a
a?aeiia?aei?noue cia/aiiy ?iia??iino? p ? aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a U oaeei
/eiii, ui

= p1 U1+p2 U2+… +pn Un, (3)

aea 1.2… j — iiia? iaoa??aeo, i?e/eie aai caniao.

A ca’yceo c oei, ui oae? yaeua ye iiaeaaea, aeaoo ? ?aioiaee aeeeae,
ie??i iaaacia/iiai aieeao ia ethaeeio, cieuothoue aai iioeiaeaeothoue
iaoa??aeuei? oe?iiino?, i/?eoaai? aeiiii?/i? caeoee I(U) neeaaeathoueny
c i?yieo caeoe?a, aeo?ao ia ?aiiio ? a?aeiiaeaiiy ia’?eo?a,
iaoa??aeueieo caeoe?a a?ae o?aaiaoecio ca aanue ia??iae aeieao a
a?aeiia?aeiino? c /eiiei caeiiiaeaanoaii.

Ii?iaoeaia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea iaaacia/iino? iaeiioeiieo
ia’?eo?a aai i?ioean?a oaooe, ia yeeo caeiyo? ?ia?oieee neeaaea?

Ii= [1 — (1-?i) k] M(U), (4)

aea ?i — ii?iaoeaia ?iia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy aaa??? ia ia’?eo?.

Oaeoe/ia cia/aiiy nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae
ii?iaoeaii?, ai aeey aeaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa /anoioa aeieeiaiiy iiaeaae,
aeaoo?a, aeeeae?a ? ye i?aaeei, a?eueoa ?i. Cia/aiiy I(U) aeey aeaiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? aeaiiai aeaeyaeo aaa??? caeeoeoueny iaci?iiei.

Aiaeia?/ii io?eiaia iiaeaeue ii?iaoeaii? ioe?iee iaaaciaee ae?iaieoeoaa
ii a?aeiioaiith aei i?aoethth/eo.

Nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea iaaaciaee ? aiaeii/an ? e?eoa???i aaciaee
i?aoe?. Iiaeaeue ioe?iee aieiae?? iaiao?aeieie ? aeinoaoi?ie
aeanoeainoyie e?eoa??aeueii? ooieoe??: ea?iaaia ca ?aooiie c ci?iieo ?,
I(U), i?eeia? ii?iaoeaia (i?i?iaeueia c iiaeeeaeo) cia/aiiy i?e ?=?i,
eaaei ia/eneth?oueny ia aac? ?nioth/i? noaoenoe/ii? ? a?aeii/i?
ca?oiino?, aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe aa?aaoaaiiy ? ?aiaoaaiiy ia’?eo?a
(i?ioean?a) ii ??aith iaaaciaee ? aeei?enoaoe oea ?aiaoaaiiy aeey
ieaiiai-i?iaiicieo ?ic?aooie?a, ca’ycaieo c iiaeeea?noth oi?aaeyoe
aeo?aoaie ia caoeno i??i?eoaoieo ia’?eo?a. Cia/aiiy I(U) iaaaaeaia a
aaeaeeoeai?e oi?i?

I(U)= p1 U1+p2 U2+… +pn Un (5)

aeicaiey? aieeaaoe ia aaee/eio ioe?iee, aieeaath/e ia iaoa??aeueio
noanoaioe?th naiiai i?ioeano, onoaath/e o? aai ?io? aocee, ui
aaia?othoue iaaaciaeo iiaeaae?, aeaooo, aeeeaeo. Oiio aeiiii?/i?
aoaeoeai? ??oaiiy a oaoi?oe?, oaoiieia?? ? i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa
iaieio/a neaaeooueny ia cieaeaii? ioe?iee iaaaciaee, ciaioeaoe ??
aaee/eio. Ca?aene aeniiaie — e?auiio ??oaiith a?aeiia?aea? i?i?iaeueia,
a ye iaaea — ii?iaoeaia ioe?iea iaaaciaee. Ai? ii?iaoeaia, ai? oei
a?eueoa oaeoe/ia ioe?iee iaaaciaee, i?eiee ia i?eeiathoue ioeueiaa
cia/aiiy.

Oi?aae?iiy aeo?aoaie ? ?ic?iaea oe?eueiaeo i?ia?ai ii aaciaoe?
aacothoueny ia nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo ioe?ieao iaaacia/ieo ? oe?aeeeaeo
ae?iaie/eo /eiiee?a, ?ic?aoiaaieo ia ieaiiai-i?iaiiciee ia??iae, c
o?aooaaiiyi ci?i a oaoi?oe?, oaoiieia??, i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa,
no?oeoo?? ooaoo ii noaaeo, a?eo oiui.

Ii?yae c iiiyooyi aaciaee, c yeei ca’ycaia aaee/eia aeo?ao ia
i?io?eaeoeeo, ?nio? iiiyooy iaaaciaee, ui ca’ycaia c iiiyooyi i?i
?iia??i? caeoee aai acaaae? iaoa??aeuei? ao?aoe. Aeo?aoe ia i?io?eaeoeeo
? caoeno a?aeiinyoueny aei aeiiii?ei-oi?aae?inueei? eaoaai??? ? oiio ?i
aeanoea? iia?aoe?? ii??aiyiiy, aeai?o, ni?anoaaeaiiy iioi/ieo ?
eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao, ?iaanooaaiiy, aeeneiiooaaiiy, i?eieiaiiy
o?iainoaaiiy ? oiui. Ao?aoe — eaoaai??y nioe?aeueia. sseui ao?aoe
i?iyaeythoueny ye iaiao?aei? aeo?aoe ia a?aeiiaeaiiy oaoiieia?? aai
ia’?eoo, oi aiie ia a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae aeo?ao. ? oiae? oae? ao?aoe
noi??i? c aeo?aoaie. sseui, a neeo aoaeue-yeeo ianoaaei, iaoa??aeuei?
ao?aoe a ?acoeueoao? aaa??? aai acaaae? ae?? iaaacia/iiai /eiieea
iaa?aeae?euei? a?ae aieeao oeeo /eiiee?a, oi ao?aoe a?ae oaeeo aaa??e
ii??aithaaoe c aeo?aoaie iai?eionoeii. Oae, ao?aoe, ca’ycai? c
o?aaiaoeciii, ia aieiae?thoue aeanoea?noth, oa?aeoa?iith aeey aeo?ao ?
ia iiaeooue a?aoe o/anoue a aeiiii?/ieo iia?aoe?yo. Aeey oaeiai ?iaeo
iiae?e aeiiii?/ia ? nioe?aeueia ioe?iea iaaacia/ieo /eiiee?a
iaa?aeae?euei?.

A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui e?euee?noue
aaa??e an?o aeae?a, ui aeieeathoue ia iaei?e oaoo? ia i?ioyc? ?ieo,
?iciiae?ey?oueny ca caeiiii Ioanniia c ia?aiao?ii (=0.1288, i?e ??ai?
cia/eiino? ca e?eoa???i caiaee I??niia (=0.05.

Ioe?iea aaa??eii? iaaaciaee an??? oaooe aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith

(6)

aea vij — /anoea aeaeo aaa??e.

Ioe?iea aaa??eii? iaaaciaee ? ea?iaaiith ? i?e ?? ?ic?aooieo iiaea aooe
a?aoiaaia iane/aiiy iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo ia’?eo?a iiaeie caniaaie
aaa??eiiai caoenoo.

Ioe?iea i?ioan?eii? oe?aeeeaino? iiaeiia a?aoiaoaaoe oaeo iino?eiiai
(o?eaaeiai) aieeao oe?aeeeaeo /eiiee?a ae?iaieoeoaa ia i?aoethth/eo,
/enaeuei?noue i?aoethth/eo a cii? aieeao oe?aeeeaeo /eiiee?a, oyaee?noue
?iaioe ? ?io? iieacieee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oiiae ?iaioe, oiio ia
a?aei?io a?ae ioe?iee ae?iaie/i? iaaaciaee aiia iiaoaeiaaia ia
i?eioeeiao, a iniia? yeeo eaaeaoue i?e/ei?, a ia ?iia??i? ca’ycee.

Iiaeaeue ioe?iee oe?aeeeaino? oaoiieia?/ieo ia’?eo?a iiaoaeiaaia iaie ia
i?eeeaae? naiiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiai oe?aeeeaiai ae?iaie/iai oaeoi?o —
caieeaiino? iia?o?y. An? ia’?eoe iathoue ?aia ca ??aiai caieeaiino? ia
ieo. Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea a?aoiao? iniaeeaino? i?ioean?a ieeiooai?aiiy ?
/an ia?aaoaaiiy a eiioaeo? c ieeii. Aiia aeicaiey? i?iaiicoaaoe ??aaiue
oe?aeeeaino? ? anoaiiaeth? ?aia ia’?eoo aai i?ioeano ii oeueiio ??aith,
yeee caeaaeeoue a?ae inoaoi/ii? caaaeueii? caieeaiino? iia?o?y, ianiai?
/anoee ae??aiiaeenia?niiai ieeo, oyaeeino? ?iaioe, ui aecia/a?oueny
na?aaei?i ianyaii eaaaiaai? aaioeeyoe??. Ie??i oeeo /eiiee?a, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ia’?eo, ?noioia cia/aiiy ia? e?euee?noue ethaeae,
i?aoethth/eo ia aeaiiio ia’?eo?. *ei a?eueoa ethaeae i?aoeth? ia
ia’?eo?, oei a?eueoa oaaae iiaeiii aooe i?eae?eaii ai?iouea? c ieeii ia
iueiio. Oe?ii?noue ?iciiae?eo ca ?aiaaie i?aeaeuo?oueny, yeui ?aia ia?
oe?eeii iaaiee o?ce/iee nain.

A iniiao iiaoaeiae ?aiao iieeaaeaia aaee/eia a?aie/ii aeiionoeiiai /ano
ia?aaoaaiiy a eiioaeo? c ieeii i?aoethth/eo ia aeaiiio ia’?eo? ethaeae,
ui aecia/a?, ii cae?i/aii? yeiai oa?i?io a eaaaiyo ?ia?oieea
iaeiie/o?oueny e?eoe/ia iana ieeo, yea aeeeth/a? ?iia??i?noue
caoai?thaaiiy. Ii oeueiio iieacieeo anoaiiaeth?oueny ia??iae /ano iiaii?
cai?ie neeaaeo ?ia?oiee?a oeueiai ia’?eoo. ?aia i?aecaiiiai ia’?eoo
aoa?eueii? oaooe ca oaeoi?ii caieeaiino? iia?o?y aecia/a?oueny ca
oi?ioeith

, (7)

— eiao?oe??io, ui a?aoiao? oyaee?noue ?iaioe ? aeenia?niee neeaae
ieeo; N — eiioeaio?aoe?y ieeo, ia/ic.

Oaeei /eiii, ?aia ia’?eoo aoa?eueii? oaooe ii /eiieeo caieeaiino?, yaey?
niaith na?aaeiuei??/ia /enei ?ia?oiee?a, aeaaaeaieo c caieeaieo oiia o
ca’yceo c iaiaaeaiiyi /ano eiioaeoo c ieeii aeey a?aeaa?oaiiy
caoai?thaaiiy. Aaee/eia ?aiao oei aeua, /ei a?eueoa ?ia?oiee?a caeiyo?
ia ia’?eo?, /ei aeua ??aaiue inoaoi/ii? caieeaiino? ye ii an?i
o?aeoe?yi, oae ? ii ae??aiiaeenia?niiio ieeo, iniaeeai, /ei a?eueoo
e?euee?noue ci?i a na?aaeiueiio ca ??e a?aei?aoeueiaothoue ?ia?oieee ia
oeueiio ia’?eo? ? /ei aaae/o ?iaioo aiie aeeiiothoue.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? cae?eniaia aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aaa??eii? iaaaciaee
oaoo. Iaaaciaea iiaeaae? ia’?eo?a, coiiaeaia iayai?noth ai?th/eo
iaoa??ae?a ye i?e?iaeiiai (aoa?eey, iaoai), oae ? ae?iaie/iai oa?aeoa?o
(aea?aai e??ieaiiy, no??/ea eiiaae??a, ai?th/a-ciauoaaeuei? iaoa??aee
oiui). Aeniea eiioeaio?aoe?y aia?aaoe/ieo iiooaeiinoae aoa?eueieo oaoo
noai?th? ia?aaeoiiae aeey aeieeiaiiy oaieiaiai ?iioeueno — aeaea?aea
aeciaaiieo iiaeaae.

Aeieeiaiiy aeciaaiieo ? aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae oi/a ? iineoue aeiaaeeiaee
oa?aeoa?, iaeiae cia/aiiy ?iia??iino? aeieeiaiiy iiaeaae ? oa?aeoa? ?o
?icaeoeo ia iaeiaeia? aeey ??ciiiai?oieo oiia aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey. Oea
coiiaeaia a?aei?iiinoyie a a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo, oaoiieia?/ieo ?
i?aai?caoe?eieo oiia ?iaioe oaoo, iniauaiiy a?aeiia?aeieie caniaaie
i?ioeiiaeaaeiiai caoenoo.

*eii? ii?iaoeai? iieiaeaiiy ii i?ioeiiaeaaeiiio caoenoo oaoo i???ioiaai?
ia ie?ai? ia’?eoe. Iaeiae oaooe a?ae??ciythoueny e?euee?noth ? neeaaeii
ia’?eo?a, oa e nai? ia’?eoe ia??aiioe?ii? ye ii ae?iaie/?e iiooaeiino?,
oae ? ii aa?oino? iniiaieo oiiae?a, oiio aea? oaooe c iaeiaeiaei
neeaaeii ia’?eo?a ? caoeuai? a a?aeiia?aeiino? c IA iiaeooue iaoe
??ciiiai?oi? cia/aiiy iiaeaaeii? iaaaciaee oi/a a oiio, ui aia?aaoe/ia
iiooaei?noue ? aa?o?noue ia’?eo?a ??cia. E??i oiai, a?aei?ii?noue a
iiaeaaei?e iaaaciaoe? ia’?eo?a aecia/a?oueny no?oeoo?ith ai?th/eo
iaoa??ae?a ? aeaea?ae oaieiaeo ?iioeuen?a. ?iia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy
iiaeaae? oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iayai?noth iiaeeeaeo oaieiaeo ?iioeuen?a.
?iia??i?noue ?icaeoeo caeaaeeoue a?ae iayaiino? a ae?iaeao ai?th/eo
iaoa??ae?a ? o?oaeiiu? aan?iiy iiaeaae?.

I/?eoaai? caeoee a?ae aeciaaiii? iiaeaae? ? oa?aeoa?enoeeith, ui
a?aeia?aaea? ye ?iia??i?noue ?icaeoeo iiaeaae? aei ??cieo eaoaai??e, oae
? a?aeiia?aei? oeei eaoaai??yi iaoa??aeuei? ao?aoe. Iiaeeea?noue oyaeoe
i/?eoaai? caeoee /a?ac ai?th/? iaoa??aee aeicaiey? a?aooaaoe aieea
iiaeaaeiiai “iaaaioaaeaiiy”, ia caa?oath/enue aei iaiao?aeiino? aei??o
aaaiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee.

Aeey ioe?iee iaaaciaee iiaeaae? aoa?eueieo oaoo aoa aeine?aeaeaiee aieea
oaeeo /eiiee?a ye eoo iaoeeo ae?iaee, aeae aia?a??, aeae e??ieaiiy, oei
iaeaaeiaiiy, a i?e aecia/aii? eaoaai??? oyaeeino? iiaeaae aea/aany aieea
iiooaeiino? ieanoa (io?eiaii eiao?oe??io cia/eiino? 0.0), eoo iaae?iiy
ieanoa (0.129), a?aeiinia aacia?noue oaooe (0.226), iaaaciaea ii aeaooo
aoa?eueiiai ieeo (0.0), aeeaeia ?ic?iaee (0.15), aeae e??ieaiiy(0.0),
iayai?noue /eiiee?a, ui oneeaaeiththoue aan?iiy iiaeaae? (0.495). Oaeei
/eiii aoei a?ae?a?aii /ioe?e iniiaieo /eiieea aeey ianooiiiai ?iciiae?eo
ia’?eo?a ia iaeii??aei? a?oie. Oea aeae aia?a??, aacia?noue, aeeaeia
?ic?iaee ? eoo iaae?iiy ieanoa. I?e ?icaeaoe? ia a?oie nii/aoeo aoea
aecia/aia ???a?o?y /eiiee?a a iine?aeiaiino? ?o cia/eiino?, a i?ney
oeueiai eiaeiee /eiiee ?icaeaaany ia iaia?an?/i? ?ioa?aaee, ui
aecia/athoue i?eiaeaaei?noue oaooe aei eiie?aoii? a?oie.

Iaoiae aeae?eaiiy iaeii??aeieo a?oi oaoo ii aeaeo aia?a??, aacia?no?,
aeeaei? ? eooo iaae?iiy ieanoa aeaa iiaeeea?noue ia?aeoe aei aea/aiiy
iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ui aieeaathoue ia aeciaaiio iaaaciaeo iiaeaae?
aac a?aooaaiiy aieeao a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo ? a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo /eiiee?a.

Aeey aea/aiiy aea?ai?: noaoenoe/iee iaoa??ae ii aeciaaii?e aaa??eiino?
(aeiiii?/i? caeoee a?ae iiaeaae?, /an e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa???, aaniethoia
aacia?noue, eoo iaae?iiy ieanoo, ?iciiae?e ii iaoa??aeai ia?aeiiiai
ai??iiy), ao?aei? aeai? ca noaiii iiaeaaeiiai caoenoo, “caaaioaaeaiiy”
oaoo ai?th/eie iaoa??aeaie, aeeiiaiiy i?aaea aaciaee, iniauaiiy caniaaie
iiaeaaeiaan?iiy ? nooi?iue ai?th/ino? iaoa??ae?a. Ii eiaeiiio iieacieeo
aecia/aeany e?euee?noue, caaaeueia noia, aeenia?n?y, i?i?iaeueia
na?aaei?, ? iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy.

Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aeciaaiii? iaaaciaee iiaeaae? ia’?eoo aecia/a?oueny
ye i?iaaaeaiiy ?iia??iino? aeieeiaiiy aeciaaiii? iiaeaae? ia iaoaiaoe/ia
i/?eoaaiiy caeoe?a a?ae aeciaaiii? iiaeaae? I(U) ca oiiae, ui ??
aeieeiaiiy ? a??ia?aeia iiae?y.

Iiaia iiaeaeue aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aeciaaiii? iaaaciaee
iiaeaae? ia? ianooiiee aeaeyae

] Mj (U) (8)

aea (j — /anoea iiaeaae; j — ?iaeaen ia’?eoo; m — e?euee?noue
??ciiiai?oieo aeae?a ia’?eo?a ia oaoo?; pj — ?iia??i?noue iiaeaae? ia
iaeiiio j-ii ia’?eo?, kj — e?euee?noue ?icaeyaeoaaieo ia’?eo?a j-ai
aeaeo.

A caaaeueieo caeoeao a?ae aaa??e aiaeiaaii? iiaeaae? neeaaeathoue
iaea?eueoo ieoiio aaao — 45%. Aiie aeieeathoue ia o?eueee ia ieanoao
noeeueieo aei naiicaeiaiiy. Oea na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui i?e a?aeianaii?
ieano?a aei naiicaeienoeo ii ?nioth/ei iaoiaeeeai, a iniia? yeeo
eaaeeoue aaee/eia ?iia??iino? naiicaeiaiiy aoa?eey, aeaia yaeua
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaeiia?/ii ? iiynith?oueny o?eueee
a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieie oiiaaie.

Ia /anoioo aeieeiaiiy aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae ? aeiiii?/i? iane?aeee a?ae
ieo ?noioiee aieea iathoue oae? /eiieee, ye noeeuei?noue aoa?eey aei
naiicaeiaiiy, nenoaia ?ic?iaee, eoo caeyaaiiy ieanoa, iiooaei?noue
ieanoa ? eiai aacia?noue.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iaeii??aeieo c oi/ee ci?o a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo ?
a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo /eiiee?a a?oi oaoo aeinoaoiuei aeei?enoaoe iiooaei?noue
? eoo iaae?iiy ieanoa, ye iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?i? /eiieee, ui aeiaeaoeiai ?
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? aiae?c aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae. E?eoa???i a?aeai?o oeeo
/eiiee?a ? nooi?iue ?oiueiai aieeao ia /anoioo aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae ?
aaee/eio aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a a?ae ieo. I?e oeueiio, ?iciiae?e caeoe?a
aoaeoaaany ii i?eeiyoei a i?aeoeoe? ?ioa?aaeai cia/aiue aeaiiai /eiieea
c aeiiiiiaith t — e?eoa??th ? aecia/aeanue nooi?iue a?aei?iiino?
a?oiiaeo na?aaei?o cia/aiue caeoe?a. Aea?? t — e?eoa??th coiiaeaiee oei,
ui a?i aeaco? ia a?aei?ii?noue i?ae na?aaei?ie cia/aiiyie aeaio aea??ie,
aeei?enoiaoth/e ye cia/aiiy naiiai /eiieea, ui aoiaeeoue a aea??ee, oae
? ianya oeeo aea??ie. A?i aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe a?aei?ii?noue i?ae aeaiia
aea??eaie, ye ii aaee/ei? na?aaei?o caeoe?a, oae ? ii e?eueeino?
aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae. Ii iiooaeiino? ? eooo caeyaaiiy ieanoa an? oaooe
iiae?eai? ia a?n?i a?oi. Any iiiaeeia oaoo ae?eeoueny ia aea? /anoeie:
oaooe c eooii caeyaaiiy ieanoo aei 35i ? oaooe c eooii caeyaaiiy ieanoa
iiiaae 35i. A eiaei?e /anoei?, a caeaaeiino? a?ae iiooaeiino? ieano?a
aeae?eythoueny ii /ioe?e a?oie.

Aeei?enoaiiy t e?eoa??th iieacaei ?noioio a?aei?io (c ??aiai cia/eiino?
ia iaioa 90%) oeeo a?oi oaoo ii /anoio? ? na?aaei?i caeoeai ? aeicaieeei
anoaiiaeoe a?aei?iiino? caeoe?a ia iaeei iioaioe?eii iaaacia/iee ia’?eo
ii ??ciiiai?oiei a?oiai oaoo, a oaeiae c?inoath/o c ca?eueoaiiyi eooa
caeyaaiiy ? iiooaeiino? ieanoa /anoioo aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae.

?en.1. Aeie-noaia ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ia’?eo?a oaooe ii
aeciaaii?e iiaeaaei?e iaaaciaoe?

Aieea aeeaeie ?ic?iaee ieanoa ia /anoioo ? caeoee a?ae aiaeiaaiieo
iiaeaae, o ii??aiyii? c aieeaii oeueiai /eiieea ia /anoioo ? caeoee a?ae
aeciaaiieo iiaeaae, iacia/iee. C ca?eueoaiiyi aacia?no? ieanoa,
ciaioo?oueny ?iia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae. Oea iia’ycaia
c oei, ui i?aeaeuaia aacia?noue ieanoa coiiaeth? iiieaeaiee ai?no
eenith, ui ia?aoeiaeaea? naiicaeiaiith aoa?eey. Iaeiae, ye iieaco?
noaoenoeea, oyaee?noue iiaeaae ia ca’ycaia c aacia?noth oaeei aea
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui aiaeiaaii? iiaeaae? ia
aaciaeo oaooao, oi/ ? a?aeaoaathoueny ??aeoa, aea aeiaaathoue a?eueoeo
aeo?ao i?e aan?ii?, ca’ycaieo c aeiaeaoeiaeie caoiaeaie ii aeaaacaoe?? ?
iaiaaeaiith naiaiaee aeai?o aaioeeyoe?eieo ?aaeei?a, ui coiiaeth? a?eueo
?noioi? caeoee a ca’yceo c oneeaaeiaiiyie aaciai? ianoaiiaee.

Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aiaeiaaiii? iiaeaaeiiaaacia/iino? noeoiiino? ia’?eo?a
i-? oaooe, ui a?aeiinyoueny aei j-? a?oie

(9)

— aeiey iiaeaae, ui aeieeathoue ia ia’?eoao m-ai oeio j-? a?oie a
caaaeueiiio /ene? iiaeaae ia ia’?eoao j-? a?oie.

Caeaaei?noue aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aiaeiaaiii? iiaeaaeii? iaaaciaee, yea
aeeth/a? /anoioi? ? aeiiii?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae,
aeicaiey? ioe?ieoe iaaaciaeo aoa?eueii? oaooe ii aeaiiio aeaeo aaa??e,
e?euee?nii ioe?ieoe aeiiii?/i? iane?aeee iiaeeeaeo aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae,
iioeiaeueii ?iciiae?eyoe i?ae oaooaie neee ? caniae ia aiaeiaaiiee
iiaeaaeiee caoeno, a oaeiae i?e ii??aiyii? aa??aio?a oaoiieia?? ?ia?o ?
noai aaioeeyoe??, i?ae /an i?iaeooaaiiy i?aeaioia/eo ? i/enieo ?ia?o ia
ieanoao noeeueieo aei naiicaeiaiiy, a?aoiaoaaoe cia/aiiy ?iia??ieo
caeoe?a oeyoii ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee iaaaciaee iiaeaae? aeey
eiaeiiai aa??aioo.

Aecia/aiiy ?iia??iino? aeieeiaiiy ? i/?eoaaieo i?e oeueiio iaoa??aeueieo
caeoe?a aeicaiey? aeinoaoiuei iaa?oioiaaii i?eeiaoe ??oaiiy ii
cieaeaiith /enea iiaeaae c aeiiiiiaith iai?aaeaiiy nee ? cania?a ia
?oith i?io?eaeoeeo.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee caeoe?a a?ae iaaaciaee aeaooo an?
oaooe aoee iiae?eai? ia a?oie, aeoiaey/e c a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo ?
a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo /eiiee?a, ui a iaea?eueo?e i??? aieeaathoue ia
?iia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy aeaoo?a. Aeey eaoaai??eieo oaoo, i?e iaeieo ?
oeo aea oaoiieia?/ieo ? i?aai?caoe?eieo oiiaao, oa?aeoa?ia ??cia
oaeaee?noue ooai?aiiy iaoaii-iia?o?yii? noi?o? aeaooiai? eiioeaio?aoe??.

Na?aae /eiiee?a, ui aieeaathoue ia ?iia??i?noue aeaooo iaoaii-iia?o?yii?
noi?o? aeaooiai? eiioeaio?aoe??, iniaeeaa i?noea caeia? aeae aia?a??, ui
aeei?enoiao?oueny ia oaoo?. ?iia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy ia i?ioyc? ?ieo
aeaooo ia oaoo?, ui iaeaaeeoue j-e a?oi? aecia/a?oueny aiaeia?/ii
?iia??iino? iiaeaae?.

Cia/aiiy ?iia??iino? aeaooo ia ia’?eo? ? ?iia??iino? aieeao iaaacia/ieo
/eiiee?a aeaooo ia i?aoethth/eo a oaoo? ia oioiaei?, ai aeey oaooe i?e
ioe?ioe? iaaaciaee aeaooo, iiiyooy ae?eueieoe? ? oaooe ia?icae?euei?
?c-ca ieoo?aiai ?iciianthaeaeaiiy aeaooo ? eiai i?iaeoeo?a ii
ia?aaaaei?e a?eueoino? ae?iaie. Ianooaae aaa??e caeaaeaoue a?ae
iayaiino? cii iaaacia/ieo neoi/aiue iaoaii-iia?o?yii? noi?o? a ae?iaeao
oaooe, ianya?a oeeo cii, ieeiai? iaaaciaee ae?iaie oiui.

Aeae?eaiiy a?oi oaoo ii i?eciaeo ?iia??ii? oaeaeeino? ooai?aiiy
aeaooiiaaacia/ii? iaoaii-iia?o?yii? noi?o?, i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
noaoenoe/ieie aeaieie i?i na?aaei? caeoee. Oaoo? c iaioith e?euee?noth
ia’?eo?a aoaea a?aeiia?aeaoe iaioa ?iia??i?noue aeaooo. Icia/ai?
iniaeeaino? aeiaaathoue naiino?eiiai ?icaeyaeo ? ?ic?iaee ii?iaoeaii?
?iia??iino? aieeao iaaacia/ieo /eiiee?a aeaooo ia ethaeae, i?aoethth/eo
a oaoo?. Ii??aiyiiy oaeoe/ieo ? caiiai ?ic?iaeaieo ii?iaoeaieo cia/aiue
?iia??iinoae aeicaieeoue c a?eueoith ?iia??i?noth ioe?ithaaoe oaooe ii
??aith iaaaciaee aeaooo ? oe?eani?yiiaaii ?iciiae?eyoe caniae ia
iiia?aaeaeaiiy oeueiai aeaeo aaa??e.

Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea iaaaciaee aeaooo o oaoo? aecia/a?oueny c ae?aco

(10)

— i/?eoaaiee caeoie a?ae aeaooo ia ia’?eo? i-ai oeio j-? a?oie oaoo;
(i=l — i/eni? aeai?, i=2 — aeai? i?aeaioia/eo ae?ia?oie, i=3 — ?io?
ae?ia?oee), pij — ?iia??i?noue aeaooo ia ia’?eo? i-ai oeio j-? a?oie
oaoo ia i?ioyc? ?ieo; ei — na?aaeiuei??/ia e?euee?noue ia’?eo? i-ai oeio
ia oaoo?.

Aiae?c /anoioe aeieeiaiiy oa aaee/eie caeoe?a a?ae ?aioiaeo aeeeae?a
aeicaiey? iiaoaeoaaoe aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo aeeeaeiiaaacia/iino? oaooe ?
cae?enieoe ?aiaoaaiiy oaoo ii ??aith iaaaciaee.

Aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee aeeeaeiiaaacia/iino? oaooe aaco?oueny ia
aeaoaeueiiio aiae?c? aeaieo i?i ?aioia? aeeeaee, ye? a?aeaoeeny ia
oaooao Oeaio?aeueiiai ? Aeiiaoeueei-Iae??anueeiai ?aeii?a Aeiiaano. I?e
oeueiio a?aoiaoaaeiny oa, ui aeeeaeiiaaacia/i?noue caeaaeeoue a?ae
e?eueeino? i/enieo ? i?aeaioia/eo caai?a ia eiaeiiio ieano? iaaacia/iiio
ii aeeeaeai.

Anoaiiaeaii, ui caeoee a?ae aeeeae?a i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeaoue a?ae
oa?aeoa?enoeee ieanoa, a caeaaeaoue a?ae i?noey eiai i?iyao (a i/eniiio
aai i?aeaioia/iio aeai?).

Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea aeeeaeiiaaacia/iino? oaooe ia? aeaeyae

(11)

— aeiey aeeeae?a ia ia’?eoao ?-ai oeio l-ai ?aeiio a caaaeuei?e
e?eueeino? aeeeae?a ii oeueiio ?aeiio; Kij — e?euee?noue ia’?eo?a ?-ai
oeio ia j-i ieano?.

Iane?aeee ?aioiaeo aeeeae?a, ui noi?iaiaeaeothoueny aaaeeei ?
nia?oaeueiei o?aaiaoeciii, ?noioii a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae iane?aee?a
?aioiaeo aeeeae?a, ye? i?eianee o?eueee iaoa??aeuei? ao?aoe, ii ?oi?e
oyaeeino? ? /anoio? aeieeiaiiy, oiio ci?ooaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ieo a
aeiiii?/i?e ioe?ioe? aeeeaeiiaaacia/iino? ia aeioe?eueii. Caaaeath/e ia
oea, aeey ?aioiaeo aeeeae?a aaaaeai? aea? aeiiii?/i? ioe?iee iaaaciaee,
ui ia/eneththoueny ii iaeiaeia?e noai?, aea c aeei?enoaiiyi ??cii?
?ioi?iaoe??. Aeey i?eeiyooy inoaoi/iiai ??oaiiy ne?ae ei?enooaaoeny
o??th ioe?ieith, ui a?eueoa a?aeiia?aea? noo? caaea/?.

?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy cania?a caoenoo
i?aoethth/eo oa niinia?a ? cania?a ai?ioueae c iiaeaaeaie i?enay/ai?
a?aeiia?aeii /aoaa?oee ? i’yoee ?icae?e. I?e noi??iino? aeo?ao ?
?acoeueoao?a a iaeano? ioi?iie i?aoe? iaiao?aeii aeio?eioaaoeny aeaio
iniiaieo oiia — eiiieaeniino? i?? ? caaacia/aiino? aeeiiaiiy ii?iaoeaieo
aeiia ii aaciaoe? ? iaoe?aeeeaino? i?aoe?. Ii??aithaaoe aoaeoeai?noue
oeo aai ?ioeo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue a iaeano? ioi?iie i?aoe? ia iiaeia, yeui
aiie caaacia/othoue ??ci? ??ai? a?aie/ii aeiionoeieo eiioeaio?aoe?e
(AAeE) /e ??ai?a (AAe?) aai ?ioeo ii?iaoeaieo aeiia, oae naii, ye ?
iaeiaeia?, aea ia ii?iaoeai? ??ai?. Aeiyoie neeaaeathoue o?eueee o?
nenoaie, ui oaeoe/ii caaacia/othoue ii?iaoeai? aeiiae ii aieeao
iaaacia/ieo /eiiee?a ia ethaeeio. Aeey oeeo nenoai aea?? ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
aa??aio?a oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae o?aaeeoe?eieo
i?aeoiae?a, i?eeiyoeo aeey iiai? oaoi?ee.

sseui iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? ??oaiiy, ui aecia/athoueny ye “iiaa oaoi?ea” ?
ca’ycai? c caoenoii a?ae oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a, ii yeeo
anoaiiaeai? AAeE /e AAe?, ia caaeiaieueiythoue oeacaiei aeiiaai, oi ?o
ni?anoaaeaiiy iiaeeeaa ca oiiae aeinyaiaiiy ??aiino? nioe?aeueieo
e?ioeaaeo ?acoeueoao?a, ui aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii aeiaeaoeiaiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo /e e?eoaaeueii-i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a.

I?e ioe?ioe? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? caoiae?a oa cania?a, iai?aaeaieo
ia caoeno i?aoethth/eo a?ae ae?? iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo /eiiee?a,
iaiao?aeiith ? aeinoaoiueith oiiaith iiaeiii aooe caaacia/aiiy, a on?o
aa??aioao, ui ii??aiththoueny, ii?iaoeaieo ?iia??iinoae ae?? iaaacia/ieo
/eiiee?a ia ethaeae (a a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeiiaaie ii?iaoeaieo
aeieoiaio?a c ioi?iie i?aoe?). Iaaeeiiaiiy oe??? aeiiae i?e ii??aiyii?
aa??aio?a ia aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue. A oeueiio
aeiaaeeo iiaa iiaea eoe o?eueee i?i aeiiii?th eioo?a ia iieaoo aei?a
iai?aoeacaeaoiino?, ?aa?anieo iicia?a oiui.

Nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aeiaaa? aeiaeaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoaeoeaiino?
iiaeo iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue c iiceoe?e anueiai oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano. A ca’yceo c oeei, caoiaee c ioi?iie i?aoe? iiaeii?
ioe?ithaaoeny ia o?eueee c aeiiii?/ieo, aea ? c nioe?aeueieo iiceoe?e.
Oiio oe? ioe?iee ?iciianthaeaeothoueny i?aeoe/ii ia an? o? aeiiae, ui
oa?aeoa?i? aeey ?ioeo aeae?a oaoi?ee aai oaoiieia?? ?, aeiaeaoeiai, ia
aeiiae nioe?aeueii? aoaeoeaiino?.

Ia?ao?ae i?aei?e?inoa ia iiao nenoaio ainiiaea?thaaiiy, aeiiaa na??eiiai
inai?iiy o?eueee aenieiaoaeoeaieo ae?ia?a, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
caiiaeaiiy-ia?yae?a ? ioe?iee iiaeo ??oaiue c o?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/iiai
aoaeoo a iaoeiaeo i?ae?icae?eao aecia/eee iaiao?aei?noue aeiiii?/iiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy noai?aiiy iiaeo cania?a ? nenoai caoenoo i?aoethth/eo a?ae
oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo /eiiee?a. Nooue aeiiii?/ii? i?iaeaie noi??iino?
aeo?ao ? ?acoeueoao?a a iaeano? ioi?iie i?aoe? iieyaa? a ciaoiaeaeaii?
iaoiae?a ii??aiyiiy oaoi?/ii aeioe?eueieo aa??aio?a caoenoo ? a
aa?aioiaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio aeai?? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiiai aa??aioo ca
oiiae, ui ?aae?caoe?y eiai caaacia/o? aeiiaai ae?th/eo ii?i.

?ic?iaeaia a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii?
aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo cania?a ? nenoai caoenoo i?aoethth/eo
a?ae aieeao oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo /eiiee?a aeicaiey? ii??aithaaoe
aeo?aoe ? i/?eoaai? ?acoeueoaoe ? oi?io?, i?e oeueiio, ?aeeio
aaeaeaaoio, c aeiiii?/ieo iiceoe?e, i??o ai?ioueae c i?ioan?eiith
oe?aeeea?noth i?ioeano ? aecia/a? noni?eueii iaiao?aei? aeo?aoe ia
onoiaiiy eiie?aoiiai oe?aeeeaiai ae?iaie/iai /eiieea.

Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo cania?a ai?ioueae c
caieeai?noth iia?o?y ca ia??iae ?oiueiai aeei?enoaiiy aecia/a?oueny ye

(12)

— /anoea cai?ie ?ia?oiee?a, aai ia?aeaae?o?eaoe?? i?e aeei?enoaii?
a?aeiia?aeii aaciaeo ? iiaeo cania?a ai?ioueae c caieeai?noth iia?o?y;
N?.i.. — aa?o?noue ?iai/iai i?noey, a?i.; n — /enei i?aoethth/eo ii
nieneo; N — e?euee?noue ia’?eo?a, ui caoeuathoueny, ?ic?aoiaaia,
aeoiaey/e c ??/iiai aeioneo iiaeo cania?a ai?ioueae c caieeai?noth
iia?o?y. EI — eiao?oe??io cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?, ui iieaco?
oiiaio e?euee?noue i?aoethth/eo c ?ic?aooieo ia iaeia ?iai/a i?noea i?e
aeei?enoaii? aaciaeo cania?a ai?ioueae c caieeai?noth iia?o?y.
Eiao?oe??io EI aaiaeeoueny a ca’yceo c oei, ui iaaeiiouaiiy
caoai?thaaiiy i?e eiioaeo? c i?aeaeuaiith caieeai?noth ? a/aniee, a
ca’yceo c oeei, aea?ae ?ia?oiee?a c aeaith, oyaia ca?eueoaiiy /anoee
i?aoethth/eo, ui caiiai i?eeiathoueny c? noaaeai a?ae 1 aei 5 ?ie?a.
Oea, ye iieacaa aiae?c, aeeeeea? iaaia cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe?.
Oiio oaeo cieaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? a?aoiao?oueny oeyoii oiiaiiai
ca?eueoaiiy /enea i?aoethth/eo i?e caa?aaeaii? ieaiiaiai ianyao
aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey.

I?e ?icaeyae? ia’?eo?a iiai? oaoi?ee, ca’ycaieo c aeyaeaiiyi,
iiia?uaiiyi ? aan?iiyi i?aecaiieo iiaeaae, iniiaia oaaaa i?eae?eyeany
ieoaiiyi ioe?iee ?iia??iino? aeeiiaiiy oe?eueiai? ooieoe??, nei?i/aiiy
aeiiii?/ieo caeoe?a i?ae aieeaii iiaeo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue, aeei?enoaieo a
eiino?oeoe?? ae?iao, a?aeiia?aeiino? aaciai? ? iiai? oaoi?ee ii ??aith
iane/aiiy ia’?eo?a, ui caoeuathoueny, ? iaeano? aoaeoeaiiai canoinoaaiiy
a caeaaeiino? a?ae eaoaai??? iiaeaae?.

Aeey ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeiiaeaaeiiai caoenoo oaooe
?ic?iaeai? niaoe?aeuei? eeaneo?eaoi?e i?noeue ? aaciina?aaei?o i?e/ei
aeciaaiieo iiaeaae.

Aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ianeaiiai i?ioeiiaeaaeiiai caoenoo, ui ciaioo?
iiaeaaeia caaaioaaeaiiy ae?iaie, aeei?enoai? noaoenoe/i? aeai? i?i
ai??iiy ??ciiiai?oieo iaoa??ae?a. Aeey ia?iaee oe??? ?ioi?iaoe?? ia AII
?ic?iaeaiee niaoe?aeueiee e?oa?iee eeaneo?eaoi? ai?th/eo iaoa??ae?a.

An? aoa?euei? oaooe aoee iiae?eai? ii a?oiai /eiiee?a, iaeii??aeieo c
oi/ee ci?o iiaeaaeii? aaciaee. I?eiaeaaei?noue oaooe aei o??? aai ?ioi?
a?oie aecia/a?oueny ii aeaeo aia?a??, ui canoiniao?oueny, aacia?no? ?
aeeaei? ?ic?iaee. Iniiaieie iane?aeeaie iiaeaae? ? iaianai? caeoee a
aeaeyae? i?yieo ao?ao, caeoe?a a?ae o?aaiaoecio ? aeo?ao ia
e?ea?aeaoe?th iiaeaae? ? a?aeiiaeaiiy ia’?eoo. Ii oeei iieacieeai
aeciaaii? iiaeaae? aoee iiae?eai? ia eaoaai???. Ia?oei aoaiii aei
oeueiai ? eeaneo?eaoe?y i?noeue ? i?e/ei. ?iciiae?e iiaeaae ii oeueiio
i?eioeeio caaacia/o? iaeii??aei?noue aiae?co ii oaeei /eiieeai, ye
i?noea ? i?e/eia iiaeaae?, aacia?noue ? aeae aia?a??, ui
canoiniao?oueny. Aeciaaii? iiaeaae? a?aeianai? aei iaei??? c /ioe?ueio
eaoaai??e c o?aooaaiiyi oaeoeei-oaoi?/ieo ? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo /eiiee?a
a ianooiiiio ii?yaeeo: ( eaoaai??y — iiaeaae? e?ea?aeiaai? aaoiiaoe/ieie
caniaaie iiaeaaeiaan?iiy aai /eaiaie AAE ? a??ieeaie c aeiiiiiaith
?o/ieo cania?a; II eaoaai??y — iiaeaae? e?ea?aeiaai? i?ae?icae?eaie
AeAA?N aeoeaiei caniaii c canoinoaaiiyi ye cania?a AeAA?N oae ? oaooieo
cania?a; III eaoaai??y — oea iiaeaae? e?ea?aeiaai? i?ae?icae?eaie AeAA?N
caniaii ?cieyoe?? aai eiia?iiaaiei caniaii; IV eaoaai??y — oea iiaeaae?
iniaeeai aaeeeeo ?ici???a, a ?acoeueoao? yeeo ia’?eo aai cia/ia eiai
/anoeia cieuaia.

Ia i?aenoaa? aeaea?ae ao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe?? aoa noi?iiaaiee
?ioi?iaoe?eiee ianea PROHISTORY. I?e ioe?ioe? aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino?
iiaeaaeiiai caoenoo na?aaei? cia/aiiy caeoe?a a?ae iaei??? iiaeaae? a
eiaei?e eaoaai??? aaaaea?oueny iino?eiei i?e ia?aoiae? a?ae aacenii? aei
iiai? oaoi?ee. Oea ni?iuo? ?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? ?
aiaeii/an iiaeeaeth? eiai.

Aeiiii?/io aoaeoeai?noue caoiaeo, aieea yeiai ia ?iciiae?e iiaeaae ii
eaoaai??yi aecia/eoe aaaeei aea ? iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe ciaioaiiy /ano
e?ea?aeaoe?? aaa??? i?ney ai?iaaaeaeaiiy caoiaeo, i?iiiio?oueny
?ic?aoiaoaaoe ii ?aa?aneai?e iiaeae?, ui ca’yco? aaee/eio caeoeo c /anii
e?ea?aeaoe?? iiaeaae?.

I?e ?iaio? c ianeaii ao?aeii? ?ioi?iaoe??, c iaoith io?eiaiiy i?eeiyoieo
iiieeie ioe?iee, iiaeaae?, ui e?ea?aeoaaeeny aeoeaiei caniaii,
?icaeyaeaeeny ie?aii a?ae ?ioeo. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aaenoaaeythoue
?aa?aneai? iiaeae? aeey iniiaieo i?noeue aeieeiaiiy aeciaaiieo iiaeaae.

sseui a ?acoeueoao? iiaeo oaoi?/ieo aai oaeoe/ieo ??oaiue noaia
iiaeeeaei nei?i/aiiy /ano, ca’ycaia c aoaeoeaiei aan?iiyi aai
i?enei?eoueny nai i?ioean aan?iiy, oi ?ici?? cieaeaiiy caeoe?a iiaeia
aecia/eoe ye

, (13)

— oa ae naia, aea c o?aooaaiiyi iiaiai i?iaeoiiai ??oaiiy.

— na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ia iiieeea ioe?iee.

Caeaaei?noue, yea anoaiiaeaia i?ae caeoeaie ? /anii cai?ciaiiy, iioe?th?
iaeanoue canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? a
a??ie/i?yooaaeuei?e ni?aa?. Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ?aa?aneaiiai aiae?co c
ao?aeiiai ianeao aoee a?ae?a?ai? 64 niinoa?aaeaiiy. Aiae?c oeeo aeaieo
aeicaieea iiaoaeoaaoe oaeo ?aa?aneaio iiaeaeue

, (13)

ae?aaeai? a oen. a?i.

.

Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano iiia?aaeaeaiiy ? e?ea?aeaoe?? iiaeaae?
oaooieie caniaaie ia ?aii?e noaae?? aeieeiaiiy aecia/a?oueny
ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi aeo?ao ia caoeno ? ?iia??ieo caeoe?a a?ae aaa??e i?e
?nioth/?e (aacia?e) ? iia?e oaoi?oe?. Aoaeoeai?noue iiai? iiaeaaeii?
oaoi?ee aecia/a?oueny aeey eiaeiiai ?? aeaeo c o?aooaaiiyi iieaciee?a
i?ecia/aiiy ? aa?oino? oaoi?ee ii aaciaiio ? iiaiio aa??aioai.

?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a?ae aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo cania?a
iiaeaaeiiai caoenoo ca aanue ia??iae ?oiueiai aeei?enoaiiy
cae?enith?oueny ca oi?ioeith

, (14)

— aeiiii?y iioi/ieo ? eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao, ca’ycaieo c
aaa??eii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieie ?iaioaie a ?ic?aooieo ia iaeio aaa??th; N —
na?aaeiuei??/ia /enei iiaeaae ia S ia’?eoao, ui i?aeeyaathoue caoenoo o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c IA.

sseui iane/aiiy cae?enith?oueny ia i?ioyc? e?eueeio ?ie?a oi aeo?aoe ii
aacia?e ? iia?e oaoi?oe? a ?ic?aooieo ia aeiaaino?ieia? caoiaee
aecia/athoueny c o?aooaaiiyi /eiieea /ano oeyoii i?eaaaeaiiy iaeaooi?o
eai?oaeueieo ? iioi/ieo aeo?ao aei iei?oiuei? aa?oino? oeyoii
aeeneiiooaaiiy.

Aeiiii?y iioi/ieo ? eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao, ca’ycaia c
aaa??eii-a?aeiiaethaaeueieie ?iaioaie, a ?ic?aooieo ia iaeio aaa??th
aecia/a?oueny ye

(15)

— oa ae aeey eai?oaeueieo aeo?ao.

?icaeyioo? caniae ? nenoaie caoenoo i?eaiaeyoue aei cieaeaiiy caeoe?a ca
?aooiie ?o aieeao ia iiaeaaeo a ?aii?e noaae?? ?icaeoeo ? ca ?aooiie
aoaeoeaiiai aan?iiy ?icaeiooi? iiaeaae?.

?iciiae?e caaaeueieo aeo?ao ia aaa??eii-a?aeiiaethaaeuei? ?iaioe — M(U)
ia iioi/i? ? eai?oaeuei? cae?enith?oueny ca?aeii ??aiyiiy

=1.031 — 0.00031(M(U), (16)

— /anoeia iioi/ieo aeo?ao a caaaeuei?e noi? aeo?ao ia
aaa??eii-a?aeiiaethaaeuei? ?iaioe.

Aeey aaciaiai aa??aioo i/?eoaai? caeoee aecia/athoueny ca oi?ioeith:

M(U1)=P11 (U11)+P21(U21)+P31(U31)+P41(U41), (17)

aea P11,P21,P31,P41 — ?iia??i?noue aeieeiaiiy iiaeaae? a?aeiia?aeii?
eaoaai???; U11,U21,U31,U41 — i/?eoaai? caeoee a?ae iiaeaae?
a?aeiia?aeii? eaoaai???.

Ao?aei? aeai? aeey ?ic?aooieo M(U1) i?eeiathoueny ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aiae?co iaoa??aeueieo iane?aee?a aaa??e.

Aa??aio, i?eeiyoee aeey ii??aiyiiy a yeino? aaciaiai, iiaeiai
caaeiaieueiyoe aeiiaai IA a /anoei? iiaiiai iane/aiiy ia’?eo?a, ui
caoeuathoueny aaciaith oaoi?eith. sseui anoaiiaeaii, ui ia an? ia’?eoe,
ui caoeuathoueny iniauai? aaciaith oaoi?eith, aeeiio?oueny oiiaia
ia?a?aooaaiiy aei iiaiiai iane/aiiy, i?e oeueiio ia?a?aoiao?oueny M(U1)
ca ?aooiie ia?a?iciiae?eo ?iia??iinoae a noi?iio ca?eueoaiiy ?iia??iino?
aan?iiy iiaeaae? ia ?aii?e noaae?? a ca’yceo c aeiaeaoeiaei oiiaiei
ca?eueoaiiyi cania?a iiaeaaeiiai caoenoo aei ??aiy, a?aeiia?aeiiai IA.
I/?eoaai? caeoee a?ae iaei??? iiaeaae?, ui nei?eaiaai? c o?aooaaiiyi
aeiia IA, i?eeiathoueny ye aaca aeey ?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo ?
iathoue aeaeyae

(18)

aecia/a?oueny c ae?aco

, (19)

— eiao?oe??io, ui oa?aeoa?eco? oaeoe/iee ??aaiue iane/aiiy ?icaeyiooeo
ia’?eo?a aaciaith oaoi?eith.

I/?eoaai? caeoee a?ae iiaeaae? c o?aooaaiiyi canoinoaaiiy iiai? oaoi?ee
aecia/athoueny ca oi?ioeith

M(U2)=P12U12+P22U22+P32U32+P42U42, (20)

Nei?i/aiiy caeoe?a a?aeaoaa?oueny ca ?aooiie ia?a?iciiae?eo ?iia??iinoae
aan?iiy iiaeaae i?ae ?aiiueith noaae??th ? noaae?yie ?icaeiooi?
iiaeaae?. Cia/aiiy aaee/eie i/?eoaaieo caeoe?a i?e aeei?enoaii? iiai?
oaoi?ee ia ii/aoeia?e noaae?? aan?iiy iiaeaae? M(U2) aecia/a?oueny ca
oi?ioeith

(21)

— ?iia??i?noue iiae??, ui iiaeaaea, yea ia?aoiaeeoue a II-IV
eaoaai??th i?e aeei?enoaii? aaciai? oaoi?ee, o aeiaaeeo ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iiai? oaoi?ee oooeoueny a ?aii?e noaae??.

, (22)

— ?iia??iino? iiae?e, i?e yeeo iiaeaaea, ui ?ai?oa i?eaiaeeea aei
oua?ao III ? IV eaoaai??? oyaeeino? ia aeoiaeeoue ca iaae? II eaoaai???
? a?aeiia?aeii, ui i?eaiaeeea aei oua?ao IV eaoaai???, ia aeoiaeeoue ca
iaae? III eaoaai???.

?iia??iino? aan?iiy ?icaeiaieo iiaeaae aecia/athoueny ca oi?ioeaie

, (23)

, (24)

(25)

aecia/athoueny aeey eiie?aoieo aeae?a oaoi?ee c o?aooaaiiyi iaeano?
?oiueiai iiaeeeaiai canoinoaaiiy, a oaeiae iieaciee?a i?ecia/aiiy ?
i?aai?caoe?eieo /eiiee?a.

?ic?aooiie ??/iiai aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a?ae cai?ie ai?th/eo iaoa??ae?a
(ae?ia?a) iaio ai?th/eie

(26)

) — eiao?oe??io, ui oa?aeoa?eco? ciaioaiiy na?aaeiuei??/iiai /enea
iiaeaae a ?acoeueoao? canoinoaaiiy iiaiai iaoa??aeo; Oe1 ,Oe2 —
a?aeiia?aeii oe?ia iiaiai ? noa?iai iaoa??aeo, ?ic?aoiaaiiai ca iioiaeie
oe?iaie c o?aooaaiiyi o?ainii?oieo ? ?ioeo aeaeaoe?a a ?ic?aooieo ia 1
i. i. ae?iaee aai ?ioee aei??iee, a?i.; N2, N1- a?aeiia?aeii,
nia?aa?o?noue ?ia?o ii iiaiio ? aaciaiio aa??aioao a ?ic?aooieo ia 1 i.
i. ae?iaee, a?i.; QA — ??/iee ianya ?ia?o ii cai?i? noa?iai iaoa??aeo
(ae?iao) iiaei, a iaoo?aeueieo iaeeieoeyo.

I/?eoaai? caeoee a?ae iaei??? aeciaaiii? iiaeaae? a ?acoeueoao?
iane/aiiy ia i?ioyc? L ?ie?a ia’?eo?a, ui caoeuathoueny, iiaith
iiaeaaeiith oaoi?eith aeey oaooieo cania?a caoenoo aecia/a?oueny ca
oi?ioeith

(27)

a aeey cania?a caoenoo, i?ecia/aieo aeey aan?iiy ?icaeiaii? i?aecaiii?
iiaeaae?

, (28)

Oai??y noi??iino? aeo?ao ? ?acoeueoao?a aeey eeano ??aeeeo iiae?e iiaea
aooe canoiniaaia ? aei aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae. sse ? aeey aeciaaiieo
iiaeaae, a iniia? aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo eaaeeoue ia?a?iciiae?e
?iia??iinoae aan?iiy iiaeaae ii ?oi?i eaoaai??yi. Ine?eueee noaoenoe/i?
caniae i?iaiico ii/aoeo, ?icaeoeo ? e?ea?aeaoe?? aiaeiaaiii? iiaeaae? ia
a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae aiaeia?/ieo cania?a, oa?aeoa?ieo aeey aeciaaiieo
iiaeaae, oi ?o oaeiae iiaeia oiiaii iiae?eeoe ia /ioe?e eaoaai???,
iath/e ia oaac?, ui eiaeia iiaeaaea, c iaaiith ?iia??i?noth, iiaea a
aoaeue-yeee iiiaio naiai ?icaeoeo ciaoiaeeoeny o?eueee a iaeiiio c
noai?a, yeiio a?aeiia?aea? iaaiee iaoiae eiai e?ea?aeaoe??.

Ii aiaeia?? c aeciaaiieie iiaeaaeaie, i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiai? oaoi?ee,
i?ecia/aii? aeey aeyaeaiiy ? aan?iiy aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae, aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo aeieea? a ?acoeueoao? ia?a?iciiae?eo eaoaai??e iiaeaae i?e
iaci?iiiio, i?eeiyoiio a aac?, na?aaeiuei??/iiio cia/aii? /enea oaeoe/ii
aeieeeeo iiaeaae.

I?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? iiai? oaoi?ee, i?ecia/aii? aeey i?io?eaeoeee
aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae, aeiiii?/iee aoaeo io?eiothoue a ?acoeueoao?
ciaioaiiy na?aaeiuei??/iiai /enea iiaeaae a ?aa?ii?, ui
aeine?aeaeo?oueny i?e iaci?iiiio oaeoe/iiio cia/aii? caeoe?a ia aeaiiio
ia’?eo?, ui caoeua?oueny.

Iniiaiith oiiaith i?aaeeueiino? aeeiiaiiy ?ic?aooie?a ? iiaia oiiaia
iane/aiiy iiaith oaoi?eith oaoo, aea ia?aaeaa/o?oueny ?? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.
?ici?uaiiy iiai? oaoi?ee ii ia’?eoai, ui i?aeeyaathoue caoenoo,
aeeiio?oueny a oi/i?e a?aeiia?aeiino? c IA aai aeiiaaie i?iaeoo. Oaeei
/eiii, ooo a?aoiao?oueny ye ciaioaiiy na?aaei?o caeoe?a a?ae iiaeaae?,
oae ? cieaeaiiy ?oiueiai /enea.

Cia/iei /eiieeii, ui aieeaa? ia /enei iiaeaae ? e?euee?noue ia’?eo?a
(ae?th/eo i/enieo aeai?a, a?aei?aoeueiaaieo ae?eueieoeue ? i?aeaioia/eo
ae?iaie). Oiio eiioeaio?aoe?y ?ia?o ca ?aooiie c?inoaiiy oaeaeeino? ?ooo
i/enii? e?i?? aeai?a ? a?aeiia?aeiiai ciaioaiiy /enea ia’?eo?a ?
iniiaiith ia?aaeoiiaith cieaeaiiy ?iia??iino? aeieeiaiiy aiaeiaaiieo
iiaeaae ? caeoe?a a?ae ieo.

?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a?ae ae?iaieoeoaa ? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo
cania?a aeyaeaiiy, iiia?uaiiy ? e?ea?aeaoe?? aiaeiaaiieo iiaeaae ca
aanue oa?i?i ?oiuei? aenieoaoaoe?? cae?enith?oueny ca oi?ioeith

(29)

?ic?aooiie aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo a?ae ae?iaieoeoaa ? aeei?enoaiiy iiaiai
na??eii iaeaaeiaiiy i?ecia/aiiai aeey iiia?aaeaeaiiy naiicaeiaiiy
aoa?eey ca aanue oa?i?i eiai aenieoaoaoe?? i?e a?aei?aoethaaii?
ieanoiaeo ?iaeiaeu aoa?eey aecia/a?oueny ca oi?ioeith

(30)

— aeiiii?/iee aoaeo, a?ae i/?eoaaiiai nei?i/aiiy e?eueeino? aiaeiaaiieo
iiaeaae a ?acoeueoao? canoinoaaiiy iiai? caoenii? oaoi?ee (oaoiieia??),
a?i.

(31)

aea N , N1- na?aaeiuei??/ia e?euee?noue iiaeaae aei ? i?ney
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiai? caoenii? oaoi?ee (oaoiieia??), Mi(U) — na?aaei?
cia/aiiy caeoe?a a?ae iaei??? iiaeaae? a ?aa?ii?, aea canoiniao?oueny
iiaa caoenia oaoi?ea (oaoiieia?y), oen. a?i.

?ic?iaoe? iaoiae?a nenoaiiiai oi?aae?ii? aeo?aoaie ia ioi?iio i?aoe?
i?enay/ai?e oinoee ?icae?e.

I?ioean ?iciiae?eo cania?a caoenoo a iaai?e i??? ?aaoeth?oueny i?aaeeaie
aaciaee. Iaeiae oeeo cania?a ye i?aaeei iaaeinoaoiuei aeey iiaiiai
iane/aiiy an?o oaoo aiaeii/an, a iniaeeai iei?, i?e ??ceiio caiaiaae?
ae?iaieoeoaa. Oiio aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeo
aoaeoeaiiai ?iciiae?eo cania?a aaa??eiiai caoenoo i?e iaiiaiiio
iniauaii? ieie an?o niiaeeaa/?a. Iniiaiee iaaeie?e ?nioth/iai ?iciiae?eo
cania?a caoenoo ? a?aenooi?noue aoaeue-yei? ioe?iee eiai ?acoeueoao?a.
I?e aeine?aeaeaii? oeueiai ieoaiiy a?aoiao?oueny cai?ia ?nioth/eo aeae?a
caoenoo ia a?eueo aoaeoeai? ? iane/aiiy oaoo iayaieie caniaaie caoenoo
aei ??aiy ia?aaeaa/aiiai IA.

, uia

. (32)

I?e iaiaaeaiiyo

, (33)

( e?euee?noue iayaieo cania?a ia ia’?eo?, ui caoeua?oueny; R(
e?euee?noue cania?a, ui i?aeeyaathoue ?iciiae?eo.

Caaea/a ?iciiae?eo a?aeiineoueny aei eeano caaea/ iae?i?eiiai
i?ia?aioaaiiy ? ?? ??oaiiy aeeiio?oueny c aeei?enoaiiyi no/anieo
i?ia?aiieo cania?a ia AII.

Aeey a?aooaaiiy aieeao eiiieaeno i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo i?ioean?a ia
oiiae ? ioi?iio i?aoe? ia oaoo? ?i. Aaaeaiiaa AOE “Iae??aaoa?eey” aoee
aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee, ca’ycai? c aiae?cii, i?iaiicii ? aeiiii?/iei
iaa?oiooaaiiyi ??oaiue a iaeano? ioi?iie i?aoe?. Ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo /eiiee?a ? iieaciee?a ae?iaieoeoaa ?ic?iaeai?
aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, ye? aeeth/athoue iiaeae? o?oaeii?noeino?
ii iniiaiei i?ioeanai (i/eniei ? i?aeaioia/ei ?iaioai, i?aecaiiiio
o?ainii?oo, ?aiiioo ? i?aeo?eiaiith ae?iaie), a oaeiae ii iniiaiei
iieacieeai ?iaioe oaooe a oe?eiio (nia?aa?oino? aeaeiaooeo ?
i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ?ia?oiee?a ii aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey). Aoea i?eeiyoa
eaioethaiaa noaia iiaoaeiae iiaeaeae aeey aaeeeiai /enea cia/eieo
/eiiee?a. Aeae? aiae?coaaany aieea no?oeoo?e ooaoo ii noaaeo ?iaioe ia
??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino? i?aoe? ? o?aaiaoecio. A ?acoeueoao? io?eiai?
noaoenoe/i? cia/ou? ioe?iee aeey a?oi: a?ae 1 aei5 ?ie?a, a?ae 5 aei 10
?ie?a ? a?eueo 15 ?ie?a.

Io?eiai? iiaeae? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui ii a?oi? a??iee?a c? noaaeai
?iaioe a?ae 1 aei 5 ?ie?a i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? cieaeo?oueny ia 0.48%
i?e ca?eueoaii? ieoiii? aaae ?ia?oie/eo aeaii? a?oie ia 1%, ui, a naith
/a?ao, i?ecaiaeeoue aei c?inoaiiy /anoioe o?aaiaoecio ia 1.81%. A a?oi?
a??iee?a c? noaaeai ?iaioe a?ae 5 aei 10 ?ie?a i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe?
c?inoa? ia 0.44% i?e c?inoaii? /anoee ?ia?oiee?a oe??? a?oie ia 1%, ui
i?eaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy /anoioe o?aaiaoecio ia 1.05%.

Aiae?c /anoioe o?aaiaoecio ii an?i /eiieeai, ui i?eaiaeyoue aei o?aai
(aac a?aooaaiiy o?aaiaoecio, ca’ycaiiai c aaa??yie) aeicaieea anoaiiaeoe
caeaaei?noue

(34)

— /enei aeiaaee?a o?aaiaoecio ia 1000 i?aecaiieo ?ia?oiee?a; V(
na?aaeiy oaeaee?noue ?ooo e?i?? i/enieo aeai?a, i/i?n; ( — na?aaei?
cia/aiiy aeie? ae?iaie c iacaaeia?eueiei ia?aoeiii, %.

Aeeiiai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe iia? iaoiaee oi?aae?iiy
iioi/ieie ? eai?oaeueieie aeo?aoaie ia noai?aiiy aacia/ieo oiia i?aoe?
caniiaai? ia aeai?eoi? ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao ia i?aeo?eiaiiy ??aiy oaoi?ee
aaciaee, ui iieyaa? a ?aae?caoe?? iine?aeiaiino? ?ic?aooie?a ?
oi?ioaaii? iao?eoeue aaciaiai ? i?iaiiciiai ia??iae?a.

Aeai?eoi ieaioaaiiy aeo?ao ia i?aeo?eieo ??aiy oaoi?ee aaciaee iieyaa? a
?aae?caoe?? iine?aeiaiino? ?ic?aooie?a oa oi?ioaaiiy iao?eoeue aaciaiai
? i?iaiiciiai ia??iae?a ? aeeth/a? aoaie:

1) Ii eiaei?e oaoo? ia’?aeiaiiy oi?io?oueny aaciaa iao?eoey iaaacia/ieo
oa oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a.

2) A ee?oeie iao?eoe? caiinyoueny cia/aiiy aeiiii?/ieo ioe?iie
iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a ? aecia/a?oueny
a?aeiia?aeiee ?aia.

3) Eiaeia noi?iia iao?eoe? A a?aeiia?aea? iaai?e oaoi?/i?e iaeeieoe?,
anueiai m no?i/ie; eiaeai noiaiaoeue iao?eoe? A a?aeiia?aea? iaaiiio
aeaeo iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a, anueiai n
noiaioe?a. Oaeei /eiii, aaciaa m*n ( iao?eoey A[aij] ? iao?eoeath
aeiiii?/ieo ioe?iie iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a.

5) Aiaeia?/i? iao?eoe? neeaaeathoueny ia eiaeai ??e ieaiiaiai ia??iaeo,
aeoiaey/e c i?eeiyoiai ii?yaeeo a?ae?iaee caian?a.

6) Ii eiaei?e oaoo?, c a?aooaaiiyi eiie?aoiiai neeaaeo iaaacia/ieo oa
oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a, aecia/athoueny ieoii? aeo?aoe ii
eiaeiiio aeaeo ia iaeeieoeth aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee oeeo oaeoi??a

7) Oi?io?oueny iao?eoey ieoiieo aeo?ao Q=[qij] oaei? ae ?ici??iino?, ui
? iao?eoey iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a, ?
aecia/a?oueny i?yiee aeiaooie iao?eoeue

, (35)

yeee ? iao?eoeath caaaeueieo aaciaeo aeo?ao ia ioi?iio i?aoe? a
?ic?aooieo ia 1 o aeiaooeo, aea ?acoeueoao no?i/ee ? caaaeuei? ieoii?
aeo?aoe ii i-e oaoo?, a noiaioey — caaaeuei? aeo?aoe ii j-io aeaeo
iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a.

, aeaiaioe yei? oaeiae ia?aiiiaeothoueny ia Q, ui aeicaiey? noi?ioaaoe
iao?eoeth caaaeueieo ieaiiaeo ieoiieo aeo?ao. Oe? aeo?aoe aoaeooue
i?iii?oe?ei? aaee/ei? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo
ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a

. (36

Ii??aithth/e ieaiia? ? aacia? aeo?aoe, aecia/athoue ?o i?e??no ca
?ieaie, ii oaooai oa ca aeaeaie i?io?eaeoe/ieo caoiae?a.

Oaeei /eiii iine?aeiai?noue iiaoaeiae iao?eoeue ianooiia

. (37)

Iiaeeea?noue ?aiaoaaiiy oaoo a aaciaiio ?ioe? oa ii ?ieai ieaiiaiai
ia??iaeo ca on?ia aeaeaie iaaacia/ieo ? oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo /eiiee?a
noai?th? ia’?eoeai? ia?aaeoiiae ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo iaiaaeaieo
?ano?n?a c iaoith aeiei??iiiai iie?ioaiiy ioi?iie i?aoe?. Oea
aeioe?eueii cae?enithaaoe cai?iiiiiaaiei iaoiaeii oe?oiiaiiai ?iciiae?eo
iayaieo ?ano?n?a ia caoeno a?ae iayaieo iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo
ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a, nooue yeiai iieyaa? a aeae?eaii? ?ano?n?a
i?iii?oe?eii ?aiao iaaacia/iiai /e oe?aeeeaiai oaeoi?o.

AENIIAEE

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? iaaaaeai? iaoeiaa iaa?oiooaaiiy, ocaaaeueiaiiy
oa noai?ai? iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae aeey aeei?enoaiiy iaea?aeaieo
oai?aoe/ieo ??oaiue uiaei aeiiii?/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy oaeoe/ieo ?
i?iaeoieo caoiae?a oa cania?a caoenoo i?aoethth/eo a?ae oe?aeeeaeo oa
iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a o aoa?eueieo oaooao, ye? ni?eythoue
i?aeaeuaiith iaae?eiino? nenoai caoenoo ? cieaeaiith
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iiai caeoeo a?ae aaa??eieo yaeu, ui ae??oo?
aeooaeueio iaoeiai-oaoi?/io i?iaeaio caa?aaeaiiy aeeooy ? caei?ia’y
i?aoethth/eo a oiiaao aoa?eueieo oaoo.

Iaea?eueo aaaeeea? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe, aeniiaee ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iieyaathoue a ianooiiiio:

1. Aeyaeai? oa aeine?aeaeai? oaeoi?e, ye? aecia/athoue
nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? iniaeeaino? oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie oi?aae?iiy
ioi?iiith i?aoe? ia aoa?eueieo oaooao. Iieacaii, ui ?nioth/? ii?iaoeai?
i?eioeeie ? iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?ithaaiiy oe?aeeeaeo oa
iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ? nenoai caoenoo
a?ae ieo i???ioiaai? o?eueee ia neioac oaoi?/ieo nenoai, ia
caaacia/othoue i?eeiyoi? oa?aeoa?enoeee nenoaie ioi?iie i?aoe? ? oiio ia
ni?eythoue i?aeaeuaiith ?? aoaeoeaiino?.

2. Aeine?aeaeai? i?ioeane, ui aieeaathoue ia ci?io ??aiy iaaacia/iino?
i?aoe? a oiiaao aoa?eueieo oaoo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ae ia?aiao?aie
aaa??eieo i?ioean?a ? a??ie/ioaoi?/ieie ia?aiao?aie ?niothoue
ooieoe?iiaeuei? ca’ycee, iaa?aooaaiiy yeeo i?eaiaeeoue aei cia/oui?
iioeaee ioe?iie ia?aiao??a oaeoe/ieo ? i?iaiiciaaieo noai?a ioi?iie
i?aoe?. Aeyaeaii ??ciee oa?aeoa? iaoa??aeueieo iane?aee?a aaa??eieo ?
oe?aeeeaeo yaeu, ui aeieeathoue ia aoa?eueieo oaooao, a caeaaeiino? a?ae
a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo oiia, noaio ioi?iie i?aoe? ia ieo oa ?iciiae?eaiiy
eioo?a ia caoiaee ii caoenoo ?ia?oiee?a a?ae oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo
ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue eeaneo?eoaaoe aoa?euei?
oaooe, a caeaaeiino? a?ae iioaioe?eii? iaaaciaoe? aeieeiaiiy aaa??e.

3. Aeiaaaeaii, ui ioe?ithaaiiy oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo
oaeoi??a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oa nenoai caoenoo a?ae ieo ?
aaaaoioe?eueiaei, eiaeia oe?eue aeinyaa?oueny o nai?e iaeano?
ia?aiao?e/ieo ??oaiue. sse i??i?eoaoi?, aeae?eai? ioe?ithaaiiy
ia?aiao??a oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo yaeu ca nioe?aeueii
aeiiii?/iei caeoeii ? ioe?ithaaiiy aoaeoeaiino? caoiae?a ? nenoai
caoenoo i?aoethth/eo a?ae oe?aeeeaeo oa iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a
— ca aeiiii?/iei oa nioe?aeueiei aoaeoii a?ae ?o ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

4. Aia?oa ?ic?iaeai? i?eioeeie, iaoiaeieia?y e aeai?eoie ioe?ithaaiiy
oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo yaeu oa aoaeoeaiino? caoiae?a ?
nenoai caoenoo a?ae ieo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ioe?ithaaiiy ia?aiao??a
oe?aeeeaeo oa iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo yaeu ca nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/iei
caeoeii iiaeiii cae?enithaaoeny c a?aooaaiiyi oaeoe/ieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo
ca’yce?a i?ae ia?aiao?aie aaa??eieo i?ioean?a ? oaeeie a??ie/ioaoi?/ieie
ia?aiao?aie ye iiooaei?noue aoa?eueieo ieano?a, aeeaeia ?ic?iaee,
oaoiieia?y aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey, ??aaiue eiioeaio?aoe?? a??ie/eo ?ia?o oa
no?oeoo?a ia’?eo?a.

?ic?iaeaiee iaoiae ioe?iee i?ioan?eii? oe?aeeeaino? oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a, caniiaaiee ia ?aiaoaaii? ii ??aith oe?aeeeaino? ia’?eo?a,
yeee a?aoiao? iino?eio ae?th oe?aeeeaeo oaeoi??a ae?iaieoeoaa ia
i?aoethth/eo, /enaeuei?noue i?aoethth/eo a cii? ae?? oe?aeeeaeo
oaeoi??a, oyaee?noue ?iaioe oa ae?oa? iieacieee, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
oiiae i?aoe?. A iniiao iiaoaeoaaiiy ?aiao oe?aeeeaino? ia’?eo?a ii
caieeaiino? iieeaaeaia aaee/eia a?aie/ii aeiionoeiiai /ano ia?aaoaaiiy
i?aoethth/eo a eiioaeo? c ieeii, yea aecia/a?, ia i?ioyc? yeiai /ano a
eaaaiyo ?ia?oieea iaeiie/o?oueny e?eoe/ia iana ieeo, ui aeeeth/a?
?iia??i?noue caoai?thaaiiy iiaaiieii?icii.

5. ?ic?iaeaii oi?aa?naeueiee iaoiae aeiiii?/iiai ioe?ithaaiiy oiia
i?aoe? ia aoa?eueieo oaooao, ui caniiaaiee ia ?ioaa?aeueieo iieacieeao
iaaacia/iino? ? oe?aeeeaino? oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano, yeee aeicaiey?
ei?aeoii ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e ?
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a nenoaie ioi?iie i?aoe? oa iaae?eiino?
nenoai caoenoo i?aoethth/eo a?ae oe?aeeeaeo ? iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo
yaeu. Aeiiii?/ia ioe?iea ? ?ioaa?aeueiith i??ith iaaacia/iino? ?
oe?aeeeaino? ia’?eoa /e oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano, aiia caaacia/o?
ia?ao?ae a?ae ie?aieo aei i?eaaaeaieo ocaaaeueiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee noaio
ioi?iie i?aoe? ia aoa?eueieo oaooao ? aenooia? ye ae?aaiinoe/ia aaca
aeey ia?a?iciiae?eo aeo?ao ia caoiaee oa caniae c ioi?iie i?aoe?.

6. Iieacaii, ui aaa???, ye? aeieeathoue ia aoa?eueieo oaooao,
i?aeei?ththoueny caeiio Ioanniia ? aeey ae??oaiiy caaea/ ca’ycaieo ?c
nii?aaee/ieie ia?aaoey?ieie yaeuaie, yeeie ? oe? aaa???, aeioe?eueii
aeei?enoaiiy ?iia??ieo iiaeaeae, ui aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe ?iia??io
i?e?iaeo a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo i?ioean?a, a aeey a?aooaaiiy aeeiai?ee
yaeu, i?e iiaoaeia? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ioe?iie oe?aeeeaeo
oa iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a, iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe a?iioace
i?i aeeoa?aioe?aeueii-aaeeoeaia oyaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo iane?aee?a aaa??e ?
noioanoe/io caeaaei?noue i?ae noaae?yie ?icaeoeo aaa??e, caniaaie oa
niiniaaie ?o e?ea?aeaoe??.

Cai?iiiiiaai? iia? i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy aace aeaieo aeey aeeiiaiiy
ei?aeoiiai ioe?ithaaiiy iaaacia/iino? oaoo ii aeciaaiiei oa aiaeiaaiiei
iiaeaaeai, aeaooai ? aeeeaeai aoa?eueiiai ieeo oa aaco, ui caniiaai? ia
aeei?enoai? iaoiae?a iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee iaeeo aea??ie ? a?aooaaii?
ai?ii-oaoi?/ieo iniaeeainoae ia’?eo?a i?e aeae?eai? ?o a iaeii??aei?
a?oie.

7. ?ic?iaeai? i?eioeeie, iaoiaeieia?y ? aeai?eoie, ia aac? yeeo
iiaoaeiaai? aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? ioe?iie aoaeoeaiino? aeo?ao ia
nenoaie caoenoo a?ae oe?aeeeaeo oa iaaacia/ieo yaeu. Anoaiiaeai?
caeiiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo caeoeo a?ae aaa??e ia aoa?eueieo oaooao a
caeaaeiino? a?ae i?noey aeieeiaiiy iiaeaae?, ai?th/ino? iaoa??aeo ?
iane/aiiy ia’?eoo caniaaie caoenoo, ia iniia? yeeo ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea
?ic?aooieo aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iiai? oaoi?ee ? cania?a
i?ecia/aieo aeey i?io?eaeoeee oa aan?iiy iiaeaae;

8. ?ic?iaeai? iia? i?eioeeie ae??oaiiy caaea/? iioeiaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo
iaiaaeaieo ?ano?n?a, ui aeae?eythoueny ia caoeno i?aoethth/eo a?ae
iaaacia/ieo yaeu, ye? aeicaieythoue a?aooaaoe aaaaoi/eii?noue caaea/?.
Iaa?oioiaaii iai?eionoei?noue canoinoaaiiy iaoiae?a eeane/ii? oai???
iaoaiaoe/ii? iioei?caoe?? aeey ?? ?ica’ycoaaiiy, ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeieia?y
uiaei oi?aae?iiy iioi/ieie oa eai?oaeueieie aeo?aoaie ia noai?aiiy
aacia/ieo oiia i?aoe? c aeei?enoaiiyi iao?e/iiai iaoiaeo ieaioaaiiy ? c
a?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/ieo ioe?iie oe?aeeeaeo oa iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo
oaeoi??a.

9. Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?ic?iaie aoee aeei?enoai? i?e
ioe?ithaaii? noaio ioi?iie i?aoe? ia oaooao Aeiiaano; a ?iaioao
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo c aaciaee ?ia?o o a??ie/?e i?iieneiaino?
(IaeIAe?) i?e ?ic?iaoe? ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaio?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, a
oiio /ene? “?oeiaiaenoaa ii auai?o ai?iioaoie/aneeo niiniaia
ii?iaeecaoeee eeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee ia auaii/iuo o/anoeao aeoaieeo oaoo”
oa «Iaoiaee/aneeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?ioeeaeoeea i?iecaiaenoaaiiiai
o?aaiaoecia ia oaooao Oe?aeiu” (Caoaa?aeaeai? I?iaoaeai?iiii Oe?a?ie) oa
i?e i?iaeooaaii? nenoai oa caoiae?a c ioi?iie i?aoe? a i?iaeoao
?inoeooo?a Aeiia?i?ioaoo ? Aei?i?ia?i?ioaoo.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy noiniaii ioe?iee iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo
oaeoi??a, caeiiii??iinoae aaa??eieo i?ioean?a, ye? iathoue i?noea a
i?aecaiieo oiiaao, a oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe aiae?oe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeioe?eueii aeei?enoaoe aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaieo
iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith i?aoe? a aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?.
?ic?iaeai? ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe ?aeiiaiaeothoueny aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
ia an?o aoaeaaeiaoaieo i?aei?e?inoaao I?iaoaeai?iio Oe?a?ie, c iaoith
iie?ioaiiy yeino? ieaioaaiiy ?ia?o oa i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeo?ao ia
ioi?iio i?aoe?. Ia?niaeoeaiei iai?yieii ? noai?aiiy ia aac? ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, cai?iiiiiaaieo i?aeoiae?a aei aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee
aaa??eiino?, iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a ?aeeii?
aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith i?aoe? o aoa?euei?e
i?iieneiaino?.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeeeaaeai? a ianooiieo
ioae?eaoe?yo:

Eo/aaa I.E. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneee iaoaieci oi?aaeaiey io?aiie
o?oaea ia oaooao. — Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1997. — 288 n.

Ineiia N.I., Eo/aaa I.E., Eanna?eeneee TH.A. Oi?oaea naienoaa ai?iuo
ii?iae e aaciianiinoue iiaecaiiie ?ac?aaioee. — E.: Oaoi?ea, 1979. —
159n.

Eo/aaa I.E. I?iaiice?iaaiea eiaeaia?ii-aaieiae/aneeo oneiaee aeoaieeo
ai?eciioia Aeiiaanna. — Aeiiaoee: Aeiiaann, 1975. — 110 n.

Eo/aaa I.E. I?iaeaiu io?aiu o?oaea a iiauo oneiaeyo oicyenoaiaaiey. —
Aeiiaoee: EYI IAI Oe?aeiu, 1998. — 180 n.

Ia?niaeoeaiua iaoiaeu eioaineoeeaoeee i?iecaiaenoaa / A.A. Eocei, A.E.
Neeaaa, I.E. Eo/aaa e ae?. — Aeiiaoee: Ecae-ai «IN», 1997. — 178n.

Nieoa? I.A., Eo/aaa I.E. Iiniaea iaoeienoa iiaecaiiuo onoaiiaie. E.:
Oaoi?ea, 1985. — 180 n.

Eo/aaa I.E., Oanaiei I.A. Iiniaea ianoa?o-ac?uaieeo oaieueiuo oaoo. —
Eeaa: Oaoi?ea, 1990. — 165 n.

Eo/aaa I.E. Yeiiiie/aneea iaoiaeu oi?aaeaiey io?aiie o?oaea. —
Aeiiaoee: AeiiAAO, 1996. — 29 n.

Oaoieea e oaoiieiaey aaaeiaeoeo io?aneae oiieeaii-yia?aaoe/aneiai
eiiieaena / A.A.Oeua?ianeee, N.O.Iiaaaeiue I.E. Eo/aaa e ae?. —
Aeiiaoee: AeiiAAO «IN»,1998. — 204 n.

Eo/aaa I.E., Aeooei A.A., Eou A.I. Oeueo?acaoe a ?acaaaei/iii ao?aiee.
— Aeiiaoee: Aeiiaann, 1974. — 68n.

Eo/aaa I.E., Ieaoiiia A.A., Ooeueaa A.A. I caaea/ao ii aeaeueiaeoaio
niaa?oainoaiaaieth ?aaiou o/aaii-eo?niaie naoe e iaania/aieth aaciianiuo
oneiaee o?oaea a oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — Aeiiaoee: OeAIOE,
Ieioaeai?ii, 1973. — 22 n.

Eo/aaa I.E., Nieoeei A.A., Ooeueaa A.A. I?ia?aiia e?aoein?i/iuo eo?nia
ii eco/aieth ?aai/eie e eiaeaia?ii- oaoie/aneei ia?niiaeii oaoo
aaciianiuo i?eaiia e?aieaiey eaa n oceicaoaaoiuie eiiaaeiaie. —
Aeiiaoee: OeAIOE, Ieioaeai?ii, 1973.- 26 n.

Oaieue eaa-ouny/ieoe / I.E.Eo/aaa, A.A.Ooeueaa, A.A. Aeoaiaeaeia e ae?.
— Aeiiaoee: Aeiiaann, 1997. — 72 n.

Ineiia N.I., Eo/aaa I.E., Nai/aiei E.N. Ai?ueaa ni no?aeyieai oaieueiuo
ieanoia ia oaooao Aeiiaanna. Yeni?ann-eioi?iaoeey. — Aeiiaoee: Aeiiaann,
1977. — 22n.

Eo/aaa I.E. Iiuo i?iaaaeaiey ai?eciioaeueiuo e iaeeiiiuo ai?iuo
au?aaioie. — I.: OeIEYEoaieue, 1985. — 40 n.

Eo/aaa I.E., Oaa?e/iue I.E. ?aiiio e ainnoaiiaeaiea ai?iuo au?aaioie. —
I.: EIE Ieioaeai?iia NNN?, 1990. — 47n.

Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe oaieueiiai i?iecaiaenoaa / TH.E. ?oaeieoeeee,
I.E. Eo/aaa, N.O. Iiaaaeiue e ae?. — Aeiiaoee : Aeiiaann, 1990. — 90 n.

Iiuo, ?acoeueoaou eniieueciaaiey aeae?aaee/aneie caeeaaeee e iaeanoue
eo i?eiaiaiey ia oiieeo e?oouo ieanoao Aeiiaanna / Y.E.Aaeei,
N.N.A?aaaieei, I.E.Eo/aaa e ae?. — Aeiiaoee: OeAIOE, Ainoaeai?ii
Oe?aeiu,1993. — 107 n.

?oeiaiaenoai ii auai?o ai?iioaoie/aneeo niiniaia ii?iaeecaoeee
eeeiaoe/aneeo oneiaee ia auaii/iuo o/anoeao aeoaieeo oaoo / A.A.Eocei,
I.E.Eo/aaa, A.?. Aeaaueaa e ae?. — Iaeaaaea: Aeiiaann, 1995. — 44 n.

Eo/aaa I.E., Nai/aiei E.N. I?aaeoi?aaeaeaiea no?aeyiee oaieueiuo
ieanoia // Aaciianiinoue o?oaea a i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — 1976. ? 36. —
N.23-28.

Eo/aaa I.E. I?iaiice?iaaiea no?aeyiee ia oaieueiuo ieanoao e?ooiai
iaaeaiey // Aaciianiinoue o?oaea a i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — 1976. ? 8. —
N.12-13.

Eo/aaa I.E. Enneaaeiaaiea i?ioeanna no?aeyiey oaey ia e?oouo ieanoao
Aeiiaanna // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. — 1976. ?10. — N.8-10.

Eo/aaa I.E., Eaaiia A.A., Eaaeia A.I. Aeeyiea iaiaaeaiey e?iaee ca
eiiaaeiii ia aa onoie/eainoue // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. — 1981. ?8. N.16-17.

Eaaeia A.I., Eo/aaa I.E., Eaaiia A.A. Ia?ooaaiinoue e?iaee a eaaao n
eiaeeaeaeoaeueiie e?aiueth // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. — 1981. ?2. — N.13-15.

Eo/aaa I.E. Aeeyiea i?ioeannia naeaeaeaiey ia aaciianiinoue o?oaea //
Oaoieea aaciianiinoe, io?aia o?oaea e ai?iinianaoaeueiia aeaei. — I.,
1986. — Aui. 5. — N. 54-59.

Eaaniee I.E., Eo/aaa I.E. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea nenoaiu iiaeaioiaee e
iao/aiey eaae?ia // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. — 1988. ?7 — N.13-15.

Iiaaaeiue N.O., Eo/aaa I.E. E iaoea oi?aaeaiey a oaieueiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe //Oaieue Oe?aeiu. — 1994. ?5 — N.16-17.

Eo/aaa I.E. Oaooa?neea caaanoiaee e ?ieue ?oeiaiaeeoaey // Oaieue
Oe?aeiu. — 1996. ?8. — N.31-32.

Eo/aaa I.E. Aiciiaeiinoe yeiiiie/aneiai oi?aaeaiey io?aiie o?oaea//
Aaciianiinoue o?oaea a i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — 1996. ?10.- N. 5-9.

Eo/aaa I.E., Eocueiaieia I.A., Aao/aiei E.A. Oii?yaei/aiea ai?iuo ?aaio
— iniiaa aaciianiinoe ia oaooao // Na. iao/i. o?. AeAIE, 1996. — Aui.
81. — N. 13-16.

Eo/aaa I.E. Iniiaiua yeiiiie/aneea aniaeou oi?aaeaiey io?aiie o?oaea //
Io?aia o?oaea. — 1997. ? 7. — N.17-19.

Niieueei A.Ae., Iiaaaeiue N.O., Eo/aaa I.E. Eiiieaeniue iiaeoiae e
oi?aaeaieth aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoe oaooa?neeo ai?iaeia // Oaieue Oe?aeiu.
— 1997. ? 6. — N.27-28.

Eo/aaa I.E., Ia/a?aiei E.Ae. I i?iaeaia oi?aaeaiey i?ioanneiiaeueiui
?eneii a oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe // Io?aia o?oaea. -1998. ? 4. —
N.16-18.

THuaiei A.TH., Eo/aaa I.E. Iaoiaeeea ii?aaeaeaiey yeiiiie/aneiai
yooaeoa i/enoee oaooiuo o?oaii?iaiaeia// Ai?iinianaoaeueiia aeaei. O?.
IEEAAe — Aeiiaoee, 1998. — N.24-28.

Eo/aaa I.E. I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ?aaoethaaiiy aaciaee
i?aoe? // Aeni?an-iiaeie (oaoi?ea, ae?iaieoeoai). — 1999. ?3-4. —
N.14-15.

Eo/aaa I.E., Naainoueyiiaa N.E., Ainthe A.A. Iia?aoeaiia oi?aaeaiea
aaciianiinoueth o?oaea a i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo i?ioeannao oaoo// Aeiiii?/iee
a?niee IAA Oe?a?ie, O. 1. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999. — N.179-182.

Eo/aaa I.E. Iao/iua iniiau yeiiiie/aneiai oi?aaeaiey oneiaeyie o?oaea
// Aeiiii?/iee a?niee IAA Oe?a?ie, O.2. — Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999. —
N.84-87.

Silaev V.I., Kutseba P.K. Safety work increase by means of a the
automation of production processes // Mine Planning and Equipment
Selection 1999 & Mine Environmental and Economical Issues 1999. —
Dnepropetrowsk, 1999. — S.84-87.

Eo/aaa I.E., Ainthe A.A. Yeiiiie/aneea aniaeou io?aiu o?oaea ia
i?aaei?eyoeyo ?acee/iuo oi?i nianoaaiiinoe // Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?.
eiio. iieiaeuo o/aiuo yeiiiienoia «Iaiaaeaeiaio a yeiiiieea ia?aoiaeiiai
ia?eiaea”, a. Aeiiaoee, 4-5 aeaeaa?y 1997a. — Aeiiaoee, 1997. — N.
132-134.

Eo/aaa I.E., Naainoueyiiaa N.E., Ainthe A.A. Nenoaia ia?aaioee
eioi?iaoeee i?e oi?aaeaiee i?iecaiaenoaii // Oac. aeiee. iaaeaeoia?.
iao/i.-i?aeoe/. eiio. 13-th International Committee on Futovftion in
Mining Conference, Donetsk, September 8-11, 1998. Aeieeaae ?87, naeoeey
5 ICAMC — 98. — 4n.

Eo/aaa I.E. Aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith i?aoe? o aoa?euei?e
i?iieneiainoi // Ca??iee aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?. iaoeiai-i?aeoe/. eiio.
«Oi?aae?iiy o?oaeiaeie ?ano?naie: i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo», i.
Oiaeueieoeueeee OOI, 1997. — N.102-103.

A.n. 1357580 CCC?, IEE E21-D19/04. A?aiaiiay ia?aaeaeaeiay e?aiue aeey
iiaeaioiaeoaeueiuo au?aaioie / I.E.Eo/aaa, I.A.*o?aaeca, A.O.Aoaei
/NNN?/. — ? 3884977/22-03. Cayaeaii 31.01.86. Iioae. 07.12.87 a. Athe. ?
45 // Ioe?uoey. Ecia?aoaiey. — 1987. ? 45. N.115.

A.n. 1763660 NNN?, IEE A21-N41/18, ee. Niinia ?ac?aaioee iiuiuo
naiiaicai?athueony oaieueiuo ieanoia. / A.I.Eaienoa?ia, I.E.Eo/aaa, E.N.
Nie?iia /NNN?/. — ? 4863403/03. Cayaeaii 14.05.80. Iioae. 23.09.92a.
Athe. ? 35 // Ioe?uoey. Ecia?aoaiey. — 1992. — ? 35. — N.129.

A.n. 1763659 NNN?, IEE A21-N41/18. Niinia ?ac?aaioee iiuiuo ieanoia /
A.I.Eaienoa?ia, I.E.Eo/aaa, O.I.Ee?aeia? e ae?. /NNN?/. — ?4860201/03.
Cayaeaii 15.06.90. Iioae. 23.09.92a. Athe. ? 35 // Ioe?uoey.
Ecia?aoaiey. — 1992. — ? 35. — N.129.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a o ?iaioao, iioaeieiaaieo o niiaaaoi?noai iieyaa?
o ianooiiiio: a ?ic?iaoe? aeiiii?/ii-iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c
ioi?iie i?aoe? [6,7,9,10,13,14,18,20,23,24], iinoaiiaoe? caaea/
aeine?aeaeaiue, oi?ioethaaii? iaoe ? ?aea? ?iaioe [11,12,26,27], aiae?co
aeeiai?ee cao?ao ia caoiaee c ioi?iie i?aoe?, iniaenoino? ?o oi?ioaaiiy
ia aoa?eueieo oaooao oa ioe?ioe? aeiiii?/iiai caeoeo a?ae aaa??e
[5,38,39], aiae?oe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo a??ia?aeieo i?ioean?a [30,32],
iinoaiiaoe? aiae?oe/ii? caaea/? [17,33] oa aiae?c? ?acoeueoao?a
eiii’thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ? noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee [40], ?ic?iaoe?
iaoeiaeo i?eioeei?a ? iaoiae?a aeiiii?/ieo ioe?iie oe?aeeeaeo oa
iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a [2], iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c
ioi?iie i?aoe? [19,34] oa ?ic?iaoe? nooo?aeo i?eeiao aeiaoiae?a [42-44].

AIIOAOeIss

Eo/aaa I.E. I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? iniiae oi?aae?iiy ioi?iiith i?aoe?
o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino?. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 — “Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa” — Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

O aeena?oaoei? iiaeaii oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy aeiiii?/iiai
ioe?ithaaiiy iaaacia/iino? oa oe?aeeeaino? ae?iaieoeoaa. Aiia aaco?oueny
ia a?aooaaii? a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo, a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iniaeeainoae nenoaie “ethaeeia — aaciaea
i?aoe? — a??ie/a na?aaeiaeua”, ooieoe?iiaeueieo ca’yce?a i?ae
ia?aiao?aie (iieacieeaie i?ecia/aiiy) nenoaie caoenoo ? ??aiai aaciaee
ia’?eoo, ui coiiaeththoue noai oiia i?aoe?. Iieacaii, ui iaeaeua
aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy iayaieo iaiaaeaieo ?ano?n?a, ui
aeae?eythoueny ia caoeno i?aoethth/eo a?ae iaaacia/ieo oa oe?aeeeaeo
oaeoi??a, aeinyaa?oueny i?e ?iciiae?e? oeeo ?ano?n?a i?iii?oe?eii
aaee/ei? aeiiii?/ii? ioe?iee ae?iaie/i? iaaaciaee ? i?ioan?eii?
oe?aeeeaino? ia’?eo?a. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea oi?aae?iiy iioi/ieie oa
eai?oaeueieie aeo?aoaie ia noai?aiiy aacia/ieo oiia i?aoe? c
aeei?enoaiiyi iao?e/iiai iaoiaeo ieaioaaiiy ? c a?aooaaiiyi aeiiii?/ieo
ioe?iie oe?aeeeaeo oa iaaacia/ieo ae?iaie/eo oaeoi??a.

Eeth/iai neiaa: aeiiiii/ia ioeiiea, ?ioaa?aeueii iieacieee, oi?aaeiiiy
ioi?iiith i?aoei, oe?aeeea? oa iaaacia/i? ae?iaie/? oaeoi?e,
i?aaiicaoeiy oa ieaioaaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eo/aaa I.E. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneea iniiau oi?aaeaiey io?aiie
o?oaea a oaieueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii
niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 — «Yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa» — Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu,
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaenoaaeaii oai?aoe/aneia iainiiaaiea eiioeaioeee
yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee iianiuo e a?aaeiuo oaeoi?ia oaoiieiae/aneeo
i?ioeannia e i?iecaiaenoa. Iia iniiaaia ia o/aoa ai?iioaoie/aneeo
iniaaiiinoae iauaeoia, onoie/eauo ooieoeeiiaeueiuo naycae iaaeaeo
ia?aiao?aie aaa?eeiuo i?ioeannia e oaeeie ai?ii-aaieiae/aneeie
ia?aiao?aie eae iiuiinoue oaieueiuo ieanoia, aeoaeia ?ac?aaioee,
oaoiieiaey aeiau/e oaey, o?iaaiue eiioeaio?aoeee ai?iuo ?aaio e
no?oeoo?a iauaeoia.

?ac?aaioaiu i?eioeeiu, iaoiaeieiaey e aeai?eoiu ioeaieaaiey iianiuo e
a?aaeiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia e n?aaenoa caueou io ieo,
iicaieythuea inouanoaeoue i?aeoe/aneia i?eiaiaiea noi?ie?iaaiiie
eiioeaioeee. A eo iniiao iieiaeaiu neaaeothuea oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaiiua
ooaa?aeaeaiey:

— eioaa?aeueiie ia?ie aaciianiinoe e a?aaeiinoe iauaeoa eee
oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna yaeyaony yeiiiie/aneay ioeaiea
i?iecaiaenoaaiiie iianiinoe e i?ioanneiiaeueiie a?aaeiinoe, eioi?ay
iaania/eaaao ia?aoiae io ioaeaeueiuo i?eaaaeaiiuo oa?aeoa?enoee
ninoiyiey io?aiu o?oaea ia oaieueiuo oaooao e iaiauaiiui, e aunooiaao
eae aeeaaiinoe/aneay aaca aeey ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey cao?ao ia ia?ii?eyoey
ii io?aia o?oaea;

— aunieay yooaeoeaiinoue eniieueciaaiey eiathueony ia?aie/aiiuo
?ano?nia, auaeaeyaiuo ia caueoo ?aaioathueo io iianiuo e a?aaeiuo
oaeoi?ia, aeinoeaaaony i?e ?ani?aaeaeaiee yoeo ?ano?nia
i?iii?oeeiiaeueii aaee/eia yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee i?iecaiaenoaaiiie
iianiinoe e i?ioanneiiaeueiie a?aaeiinoe iauaeoia;

— ei??aeoiinoue ioeaieaaiey yooaeoeaiinoe i?aaiecaoeeiiiie no?oeoo?u e
oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo iieacaoaeae nenoaiu io?aiu o?oaea e iaaeaaeiinoe
nenoai caueou ?aaioathueo io a?aaeiuo e iianiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
yaeaiee ia iaania/eaaaony iaoiaeaie eeanne/aneie iaoaiaoe/aneie
iioeiecaoeee, a aeinoeaaaony i?e eieoaoeeiiiii aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiii
iiaeaee?iaaiee nenoaiu eiiieaeniie caueou ia iniiaa iao?eoe aaciauo
cia/aiee yeiiiie/aneie ioeaiee iianiuo e a?aaeiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo
oaeoi?ia;

— aaa?ee, aicieeathuea ia oaieueiuo oaooao, iiae/eiythony caeiio
Ioanniia, e aeey ?aoaiey caaea/ naycaiiuo n nii?aaee/aneeie
ia?aaoey?iuie yaeaieyie, eaeeie yaeythony yoe aaa?ee, oeaeaniia?acii
eniieueciaaiea aa?iyoiinoiuo iiaeaeae, /oi iicaieyao o/eouaaoue
aa?iyoiinoioth i?e?iaeo ai?ii-aaieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia, a aeey o/aoa
aeeiaieee yaeaiee, i?e iino?iaiee yeiiiieei-iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae
ioeaiie a?aaeiuo e iianiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia, iaiaoiaeeii
eniieueciaaoue aeiioacu i aeeooa?aioeeaeueii-aaeaeeoeaiii i?aaenoaaeaiee
yeiiiie/aneeo iineaaenoaee aaa?ee e noioanoe/aneoth caaeneiinoue iaaeaeo
noaaeeyie ?acaeoey aaa?ee, niiniaaie e n?aaenoaaie eo eeeaeaeaoeee.

?ac?aaioai e oai?aoe/anee iainiiaai oieaa?naeueiue iaoiae ioeaiee
oneiaee ?aaiou ia oaieueiuo oaooao, iniiaaiiue ia eioaa?aeueiuo
iieacaoaeyo aaciianiinoe e a?aaeiinoe oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna,
eioi?ue iicaieyao ei??aeoii ioeaieoue yooaeoeaiinoue i?aaiecaoeeiiiie
no?oeoo?u, oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneeo iieacaoaeae nenoaiu io?aiu o?oaea,
nioeeaeueii-yeiiiie/aneee oua?a e iaaeaaeiinoue nenoai caueou
?aaioathueo io a?aaeiuo e iianiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo yaeaiee.
I?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua i?eioeeiu oi?ie?iaaiey aacu aeaiiuo aeey auiieiaiey
ei??aeoiie ioeaiee aaciianiinoe oaoo ii yeciaaiiui e yiaeiaaiiui
iiaea?ai, ac?uaai e aua?inai oaieueiie iuee e aaca, iniiaaiiua ia
eniieueciaaiee iaoiaeia iaoaiaoe/aneie noaoenoeee iaeuo auai?ie e o/aoa
ai?iioaoie/aneeo iniaaiiinoae iauaeoia i?e auaeaeaiee eo a iaeii?iaeiua
a?oiiu.

?ac?aaioai e iainiiaai iiaue iiaeoiae i?e ?aoaiee caaea/e iioeiaeueiiai
?ani?aaeaeaiey ia?aie/aiiuo n?aaenoa caueou ?aaioathueo io iianiuo
yaeaiee, eioi?ue iicaieee o/anoue iiiaioaeoi?iinoue caaea/e e
iainiiaaoue iaaeiionoeiinoue i?eiaiaiey iaoiaeia eeanne/aneie oai?ee
iaoaiaoe/aneie iioeiecaoeee aeey aa ?aoaiey. ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeieiaey
oi?aaeaiey oaeoueie e eaieoaeueiuie cao?aoaie ia nicaeaiea aaciianiuo
oneiaee ?aaiou n eniieueciaaieai iao?e/iiai iaoiaea ieaie?iaaiey e o/aoa
yeiiiie/aneeo ioeaiie a?aaeiuo e iianiuo i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oaeoi?ia.

Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou ia eiatho cia/eiuo ia?aie/aiee ia i?eiaiaiea a
i?iiuoeaiiinoe e i?iaeoe?iaaiee ii io?aneaaiio i?eciaeo. Iie iaoee
i?eiaiaiea ia aeaenoaothueo e ?aeiino?oe?oaiuo oaieueiuo i?aaei?eyoeyo n
oeaeueth iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey
io?aiie o?oaea, iiaeoaa?aeea naith aeinoiaa?iinoue e aeaenoaaiiinoue.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yeiiiie/aneay ioeaiea, eioaa?aeueiua iieacaoaee,
oi?aaeaiea io?aiie o?oaea, a?aaeiua e iianiua i?iecaiaenoaaiiua oaeoi?u,
i?aaiecaoeey e ieaie?iaaiea.

ANNOTATION

Kutseba P.K. Organisationally-economic management bases by labour
protection of in coal industry. — Manuscript.

Dissertation on competition learned doctor degree of technical sciences
on speciality 08.06.01 is enterprise Economy and production organisation
— National mining University of Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk, 1999.

In dissertation is represented theoretical basing of economic danger
evaluation and harmful of production. She is based on calculation of
mining geologic, mining technical and organisationally economic
peculiarities of system “man — labour safety — mining wednesday»,
functional ties between parameters (by setting indexes) defence systems
and by safety level of defended object that stipulates fortune of labour
conditions on object. Shown, that high use effectiveness of having
limited resources, picked out on defence going from dangerous and
harmful factors, reaches attached to allocation of these resources in
proportion to size of economic estimation of production danger and to
professional harmful of objects. Is worked up a management methods
current and by capital expenses on creation of safe labour conditions
with use of matrix planning method and with calculation of economic
estimations of harmful and dangerous production factors.

Key words: economic estimation, integral indexes, management by
protection of labour, harmful and dangerous production factors,
organisation and planning.

AAOI?AOA?AO

A?aeiia?aeaeueiee ca aeione A. A. Oa?/aiei

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 18.09.99. Oi?iao 60o90/16. Iai?? ionaoiee.
Ionaoiee ae?oe. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 2,0. Oiiai. oa?a. — a?aea. 2,0.
Oe?aae 100. Caiiaeaiiy ? 131. Caiiaeaia.

Aeaeaaieoeoai «Iaoea ? ina?oa» i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee.

PAGE

PAGE 35

AEAe AIA?AI?

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