2

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

Ie?neaae/ Ie?ineaa Noaoaiiae/

OAeE 658.512:631.3:621.43-233.13.004.67

I?AAI?CAOe?EI? OIIAE IOe?IEE ??AI?A

?AIIIOII? OAOIIEIA?*IINO?

EIE?I*ANOEO AAE?A

08.06.01 — Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Euea?a 3/4 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee 3/4 caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Naieiae/ Ieaenaiae? Aeieo?iae/,

Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e iaae?eiino? ? ?aiiioo
iaoei

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oi?iaeue/ee ?aaai THe?aiiae/,

Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”, aeioeaio

eaoaae?e Aenieoaoaoe?? ? ?aiiioo aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe;

Oaiiaae Eaii?ae ?aaiiae/,

?inoeooo iaoai?caoe?? ? aeaeo?eo?eaoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa

noa?oee iaoeiaee i?aoe?aiee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Oe?a?inueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
eaoaae?a iaae?eiino? ? ?aiiioo iaoei, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “13” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 15 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 36.814.03 o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 292040, i.Aeoaeyie AEiae?anueeiai
?aeiio Euea?anueei? iaeano?, Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee
oi?aa?neoao.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (292040, i.Aeoaeyie
AEiae?anueeiai ?aeiio Euea?anueei? iaeano?, aieiaiee ei?ion).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “__13__” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

e.o.i., aeioeaio
*oo?ae A.?.CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. Iaeiei c ?aca?a?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa ? a?aeiiaeaiiy ni?aoeueiaaieo aeaoaeae. I?ioa
?aiiioi? i?aei?e?inoaa oeae ?aca?a /anoi ia aeei?enoiaothoue, ine?eueee
iieiaeio iiiaieeaoo?e aeaoaeae a?eueoino? oaoi?ee AIE a?aeiinyoue aei
?aiiioii iaoaoiieia?/ieo. Oaeee noai ?a/ae iiynith?oueny, aieiaiei
/eiii, iaia’?eoeai?noth ioe?ithaaiiy i?eaeaoiino? aeaoaeae aei
a?aeiiaeaiiy. Ia/eneai? ca /eiieie iaoiaeeeaie iia?aoeaia o?eaae?noue,
iaoa??aeii?noe?noue, nia?aa?o?noue a oioiaeieo uiaei oaoiieia??,
iaeaaeiaiiy e ianyao i?iaeoeoe?? ?aiiioieo i?aei?e?inoaao cia/ii
a?ae??ciythoueny. I?e/eia noia?a/iino? iieyaa? a oiio, ui a /eiieo
iaoiaeeeao ia eiie?aoeciaaii aieea i?aai?caoe?eieo oiia ia
a??ia?aei?noue ioe?iee ?aiiioii? oaoiieia?/iino? (?O), ia
aeei?enoiao?oueny aca?iica’ycie eiino?oeoe?? ni?aoeueiaaii? aeaoae? oa
no?oeoo?e oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano (OI) ?? a?aeiiaeaiiy.

Ieoaiiy oneeaaeith?oueny iaaeineiiaeei ci?noii /eiiiai oa?i?io
“?aiiioia oaoiieia?/i?noue”, ui iniaeeai aeooaeueii a oea?ei?
noaiaea?oecaoe?? oaoi?/ieo oa?i?i?a Oe?a?ie. Ca?aeii c icia/aiiyie, ui
aeathoue aea?aeaai? oa aaeocaa? noaiaea?oe, ?O coiiaeaia iniaeeainoyie
eiino?oeoe?? ni?aoeueiaaii? aeaoae?. I?ioa, ia a?aoiaaii, ui ?? ioe?iea
– oea ooieoe?y eiiieaenii? ci?iii? – aeanoeainoae
eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieia?/iiai aaceno (EOA) OI.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y ?
/anoeiith iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o eaoaae?e iaae?eiino? ? ?aiiioo iaoei
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca oaiaie: “Oai?aoe/i?
i?aenoaae oa iai?yie ?aoi?ioaaiiy /eiii? ?aiiioii-ianeoaiaoaaeueii? aace
?aa?iio”, “I?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ia aca?iiae?y a nenoai? ?aiiioo ?
aenieoaoaoe?? iaoeiii-o?aeoi?iiai ia?eo”, ye? ni?yiiaai? ia ?ica’ycaiiy
i?iaeaie oaoi?/iiai na?a?no, ui a?aeia?aaeaii a aea?aeaai?e IOI 3.07.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa – oaeineiiaeeoe iaoiaeeeo
ioe?ithaaiiy iieaciee?a ? aecia/eoe ia’?eoeai? ??ai? ?aiiioii?
oaoiieia?/iino? eie?i/anoeo aae?a aeaeaoi?a CIC-53 ia i?aenoaa?
iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e OI a?aeiiaeaiiy aeey caaeaieo ae?iaie/eo oiia.
Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy: 1)?ic?iaeoe eeaneo?eaoe?th eiino?oeoeaieo
aeaiaio?a eie?i/anoeo aae?a ca oiiaaie ?o aeaioiaeaiiy oa a?aeiiaeaiiy
oa iaoiaeeeo no?oeoo?iiai aiae?co ni?aoeueiaaieo aeaoaeae;
2)aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/eoe e?euee?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee eie?i/anoeo
aae?a aeaeaoi?a CIC-53 oa ?o eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a; 3)aeine?aeeoe
ca’ycie i?ae eiino?oeoe??th eie?i/anoeo aae?a, no?oeoo?aie ? iieacieeaie
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a ?o a?aeiiaeaiiy; 4)aecia/eoe caeaaei?noue ??ai?a
?O eie?i/anoeo aae?a aeaeaoi?a CIC-53 a?ae no?oeoo?e OI a?aeiiaeaiiy;
5)ie?aneeoe iioeiaeuei? i?aai?caoe?ei? oiiae a?aeiiaeaiiy eie?i/anoeo
aae?a, ?ic?iaeoe caoiaee ? iaa?oiooaaoe aeiiii?/io aeioe?euei?noue ?o
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa
aeiaaaeaii caeaaei?noue iia?aoeaieo iieaciee?a ?O a?ae no?oeoo?e OI;
?icaeiaii oai?aoe/i? canaaee noaiiaeaiiy no?oeoo?e a?aeiiaiiai OI;
iaa?oioiaaii iiao nenoaio iieaciee?a ?O ni?aoeueiaaieo aeaoaeae iaoei;
?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aio aeey IAII no?oeoo?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy OI
a?aeiiaeaiiy; iaea?aeaii caeaaeiino? a?aeiinieo iia?aoeaieo
aia?aii?noeino? ? o?eaaeino? a?aeiiaeaiiy eie?i/anoeo aae?a CIC-53 a?ae
no?oeoo?ieo i?eeiao OI; eiie?aoeciaaii oa?i?i ?O.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui
io?eiaii oi/i?o? ioe?iee ??ai?a ?O oa iioeiaeuei? i?aai?caoe?ei? oiiae
aeey a?aeiiaeaiiy eie?i/anoeo aae?a aeaeaoi?a CIC-53 aeey aaoi?aiiioiiai
iaoai?/iiai caaiaeo (A?IC) ?28 i.Eueaiaa oa ?aaeao?anueeiai ?aiiioiiai
caaiaeo (?C) Euea?anueei? iaeano?; ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeaia?io iaoiaeeeo
no?oeoo?iiai neioaco OI a?aeiiaeaiiy aeey aeei?enoaiiy a nenoai?
oaoiieia?/ii? i?aeaioiaee ?aiiioiiai ae?iaieoeoaa; ?ic?iaeaii
oaoiieia?th oa i?eno??e aeey aeaoaeooaaiiy eie?i/anoeo aae?a aeaeaoi?a
CIC-53; ?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
no?oeoo?ii? iioei?caoe?? OI a?aeiiaeaiiy aeey caaeaiiai EOA.

?acoeueoaoe no?oeoo?ii? iioei?caoe?? OI a?aeiiaeaiiy ai?iaaaeaeai? ia
?aaeao?anueeiio ?C e A?IC ?28 Euea?anueei? iaeano? o oi?i?
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e; a?aooaaiiy iniaeeainoae
eiino?oeoe?? oa ia?aae?aiiioiiai noaio eie?i/anoeo aae?a – ia A?IC ?28 o
aeaeyae? oaoiieia?? oa i?eno?ith aeey eiio?ieth aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
eie?iaae?a CIC-53, ci?i a oaoiieia?/io aeieoiaioaoe?th ia a?aeiiaeaiiy.
I?i oea na?ae/aoue aeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiue. Iniiai? oaa?aeaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny nooaeaioaie oaeoeueoaoo iaoai?caoe??
n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo a eaeoe?yo, i?aeoe/ieo caiyooyo, eo?niaiio ? aeeieiiiiio
i?iaeooaaii?.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. O i?aoe? [2] aaoi?o iaeaaeaoue ?acoeueoaoe
eiio?ieth i?aaenoaaieoeueei? aea??ee eie?i/anoeo aae?a, ?ic?iaea
iaoiaeeee no?oeoo?iiai neioaco OI, i?iaeooaaiiy, aeaioiaeaiiy oa
aei?iaoaaiiy i?eno?ith, iaoaiaoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a oa
oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a. O i?aoe? [5] – no?oeoo?ia iiaeaethaaiiy OI
a?aeiiaeaiiy, iaa?oiooaaiiy nenoaie iieaciee?a ?O, iiaoaeiaa
iaeiioaeoi?ieo oa aaaaoioaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae ?O, ?ic?iaea
i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. C iniiaieo iieiaeaiue
aeena?oaoe?? c?iaeaii aeiiia?ae?, aiie aoee iaaiai?ai? e noaaeai? ia:
can?aeaiiyo i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiai iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai nai?ia?o
oaeoeueoaoo iaoai?caoe?? n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa, ui??/ieo iaoeiaeo
/eoaiiyo iai’yo? A.N.E?aia?iaa e iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo EAeAO
(i.Aeoaeyie, Euea?anueei? iaeano?, AEiae?anueeiai ?aeiio, 1993-1998
??.); i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? “Oe?a?ia-Aano??y. Iaoea ? i?aeoeea”
(i.Euea?a 24.09 — 1.10.1996?.); ae?oa?e Oe?a?inuee?e eiioa?aioe?? c
aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy “Aaoiiaoeea-95” (i.Euea?a, 2-7 aa?aniy 1995?.);
i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aei?iaoaaiiy,
i?iaiicoaaiiy ? aaeaioaoe?y aei a?o/eciyieo oiia a?o/eciyii? oa
ca?oa?aeii? oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?e aeey ?ineeiieoeoaa ? oaa?eiieoeoaa”
(n.Aeine?aeieoeueea, Ee?anueei? iaeano?, aeiaoaiue 1995?); ia
i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a ? oaoiieia?/iiai
onoaoeoaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?” (i.Iae?oiiieue, na?iaiue 1994
?.); iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? nooaeaio?a, ani??aio?a ?
aeeeaaea/?a a Oe?a?inueeiio aea?aeaaiiio e?nioaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
(i.Euea?a, ea?oaiue 1996 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii o 6 noaooyo o
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao oa ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
i’yoe ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, a?ae?ia?ao?/iiai nieneo oa
aeiaeaoe?a. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 141 noi??ioe? iniiaiiai iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, i?noeoue 18 oaaeeoeue, 43 ?ethno?aoe??, a?ae?ia?ao?/iee nienie c
104 aeaea?ae oa 62 noi??iee aeiaeaoe?a.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

?icae?e 1. “Noai ieoaiiy a i?aai?caoe?? a?aeiiaeaiiy aeaoaeae iaoei”.
C?iaeaii aiae?c: oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue c ieoaiue ?icoi?iiy ci?noo,
?icia?ooy iieaciee?a ? iaoiae?a ioe?ithaaiiy ?O aeaoaeae; ioe?iie ??ai?a
?O eie?iaae?a aeaeaoi?a CIC-53 ca /eiieie iaoiaeeeaie a oiiaao ?aiiioieo
i?aei?e?inoa cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie.

?ic?iaeaiiyi oaoiieia?/ieo eiino?oeoe?e iaoei ? aa?aaao?a i?enay/ai?
?iaioe I.Ae.Aaeooea, TH.Ae.Aaei??iaa, I.I.Aieeiaa, I.A.Iieiaeeea.

Ieoaiiyi eiie?aoecaoe?? ci?noo, ?ic?iaeaiiyi iieaciee?a ?O ? iaoiae?a
?o aecia/aiiy, i?enay/ai? ?iaioe E.?.Oeueiaia, A.?.Eaca?oeaaa,
I.Ae.Aaeooee, I.?.Nae?aaiiaa, I.Ae.Naieiae/a, ?.E.Aieia?ea, I.A.Oaeo?ia,
TH.Ae.Aaei??iaa, I.I.Aieeiaa, A.?.I?eiea?iea, I.I.Ni??iiaa,
I.A.Iieiaeeea oa ?ioeo a/aieo. Aea an? ?oi? ?ic?iaee noinothoueny
i?eaeaoiino? aei ?aiiioo iaoei, aoce?a, aa?aaao?a ? ia iiaeooue oe?eeii
aooe ei?enieie o ?ica’ycaii? i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy ?O aeaoaeae iaoei.
E??i oiai, oa?i?i “?aiiioia oaoiieia?/i?noue” noiniaii aeaoaeae iaoei a
no/ani?e e?oa?aoo?? ia ? /?oei ie?aneaiei. A?eueo?noue c iacaaieo
aaoi??a ?icaeyaea? eiai ye ?aiiioii?eaeaoi?noue, i?enoiniaai?noue
aeaoae? aei a?aeiiaeaiiy, aea ia ye i?eaeaoi?noue ia’?eoa aei OI.

Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiaeeee ia/eneaiiy iieaciee?a ?O iiaeia c?iaeoe ia
iniia? oai??? ?aiiioii-a?aeiiaiiai i?ioeano, ui iaeiiai?oa ?icaeiaia a
i?aoeyo I.Ae.Naieiae/a oa eiai o/i?a — I.A.Neaei?/oea, A.A.ssie?aa,
?.I.Oeena, ?.Ae.Eocuei?inueeiai, eio?? ?icaeyaeathoue OI ye neeaaeio
aeeiai?/io nenoaio iia?aoe?eieo ? i?aeiia?aoe?eieo ca’yce?a oa
iaa?oioiaothoue oa, ui iieacieee OI ia ? noiith iieaciee?a oaoiieia?/ieo
iia?aoe?e, c yeeo a?i neeaaea?oueny. Oie oaeo, ui iaea?eueo ia’?eoeai?
iieacieee ?O iiaeia ia/eneeoe c o?aooaaiiyi no?oeoo?e OI, aia?oa
aeiaaaeaii a i?aoeyo I.Ae.Naieiae/a. I?ioa, eiai ?aea? aoee ?icaeioo?
uiaei ?icae?aeueii-neeaaeaeueieo i?ioean?a, a iia?aoeai? iieacieee ?O ia
?icaeyaeaeeny. Eeoa iiiaeeiie? ?iaioe oe?eeii i?enay/ai? naia ?O
aeaoaeae. Oea ?iaioe I.A.Iieiaeeea, I.?.Oo?ne, E.?.Oaiiaaea. I?ioa, a
ieo ia a?aoiao?oueny aieeao no?oeoo?e OI ia ia’?eoeai?noue ioe?iee ??aiy
?O. OI a?aeiiaeaiiy ye ? aeaoaeue – ia’?eo ?aiiioo – ia ?icaeyaeathoueny
nenoaiii. A iaoiaeeoe? ioe?iee i?enoiniaaiino? aeaoaeae aei
a?aeiiaeaiiy, ui ?ic?iaeaia oeeie aaoi?aie, aeei?enoaii e?eoa???
ioe?iee, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae eii’thieoo?e ?eieo, ?ioeo noa’?eoeaieo
oaeoi??a.

C?iaeaii aiae?c ioe?iie ??ai?a ?O eie?i/anoeo aae?a: ca
niinoa?aaeaiiyie ia ??cieo ?aiiioieo i?aei?e?inoaao, ca iaoiaeeeith
aaeocaaiai noaiaea?oo, ca oeiiaei OI ca oiiae noaeiai EOA. ?acoeueoaoe
aeathoue i?aenoaao noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui cia/i? a?aeoeeaiiy /eneiaeo
cia/aiue iia?aoeaii? o?eaaeino? a?aeiiaeaiiy coiiaeai? i?aai?caoe?eieie
oiiaaie: no?oeoo?ith OI, aeai?ii ia?o?oo?a, nenoaiith ii?ioaaiiy OI, ye?
a iacaaieo ioe?ieao ia a?aoiaoaaeenue.

?icae?e 2. “Oai?aoe/i? ieoaiiy ?aiiioii? oaoiieia?/iino?”. ?icaeyiooi
oaeoi?e, ui aieeaathoue ia ??aaiue ?O aeaoae?, aeeeaaeaii
iine?aeiai?noue no?oeoo?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ia’?eo?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
iaa?oioiaaii niin?a ia/eneaiiy iieaciee?a ?O.

Aieiaiei a ci?no? eiie?aoeciaaiiai oa?i?io ?O ? oa, ui aeanoeaino?
aoaeue-yeiai ia’?eoa iaeiiai?oa i?ciathoueny o aca?iiae?? ?c caniaaie
i?aoe? – i?ae /an OI, aai eiai iiaeaethaaiiy. Ioaea ?aiiioia
oaoiieia?/i?noue 3/4 oea noeoii?noue aeanoeainoae aeaoae?, ui
aecia/athoue ?? i?eaeaoi?noue aeinyaoe iioeiaeueieo aeo?ao ?ano?n?a i?ae
/an a?aeiiaeaiiy aeey caaeaieo i?aai?caoe?eieo oiia ? ia?aiao??a
eiino?oeoe??. A?aeiii, ui no?oeoo?a OI ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi eiino?oeoe??
aeaoae?, yea aeaioiaey?oueny. Aieea iniaeeainoae eiino?oeoe??
ni?aoeueiaaiiai eie?i/anoiai aaea, eiai ia?aae?aiiioiiai oaoi?/iiai
noaio, oaoiieia?? a?aeiiaeaiiy, ui canoiniao?oueny, onoaoeoaaiiy e
inianoee, ye? noaiiaeyoue EOA, ia no?oeoo?o OI a?aeiiaeaiiy aei oeueiai
/ano ia aeine?aeaeaii. Uia aeyaeoe oeae ca’ycie, aoei iiaoaeiaaii
no?oeoo?io iiaeaeue eie?i/anoiai aaea ca ?iai/ei e?aneaiiyi, no?oeoo?i?
iiaeae? ni?aoeueiaaieo aeaoaeae, no?oeoo?io iiaeaeue EOA ca?aeii c
?icaeyiaiith oaoiieia??th ni?aoeueiaaieo iiaa?oiiue oa onoaoeoaaiiyi.
No?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue aeaoae? aoea cia?aaeaia o aeaeyae? eiino?oeoeaiiai
a?aoa (?en.1). Aa?oeiaie oeueiai a?aoa ? iaei?ino?o? iaiiae?euei?
eiino?oeoeai? aeaiaioe (EA) — aeaiaioa?i? iiaa?oi? (AI), a oaeiae ao?oe
aeaiaioa?ieo iiaa?oiiue (AAI). Aeey eiaeii? AI aecia/aii eiiieaeo
aeanieo ia?aiao??a (EAI) ca ?o aeanoea?noth iaeii/anii ci?ithaaoenue
a?ae a?eueoino? oaoiieia?/ieo aieea?a. Ci?no ca’yce?a i?ae AI —
eii?aeeiaoe aca?iiiai ?icoaooaaiiy, aca?ii? oaoi?/i? aeiiae, niin?a
aacoaaiiy, oa?iiaeeiai?/i? caeaaeiino? oiui. Ca’ycee oaeiae ?
ia?aiao?aie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ye?noue aeaoae?. Ca’ycee eeaneo?eiaaii
ia i???ioiaai? oa iai???ioiaai?. ?o aeyaeaii ?c canoinoaaiiyi aiae?co
?ici??ieo eaioetha?a. Aeiiiaieaoe no?oeoo?io iiaeaeue eie?iaaea
aa?oeiaie, ui neiaie?cothoue EA c oaeoe/ii aeyaeaieie EAI ? ca’yceaie,
io?eiaii no?oeoo?i? iiaeae? aeaoaeae a?aeiieo ia?aae?aiiioieo noai?a.
Oe? iiaeae?, a naith /a?ao, aeiiiaiai? aa?oeiaie, ui neiaie?cothoue
oaoiieia?/i? iiaa?oi? — i?ii?aei? noaie EA a?ae ni?aoeueiaaiiai – aei
a?aeiiaeaiiai ? ca’yceaie oaoiieia?/ieo iiaa?oiiue, ui iathoue ci?no
iia?aoe?eieo ?ici???a. Eiaeai oaeee ?ici?? ia? aooe aeio?eiaiee c
aeei?enoaiiyi iniauaiiy. Io?eiaii oaoiieia?/iee a?ao, yeee ?
no?oeoo?iith iiaeaeeth EOA (?en.2). Aa?oeeaeueii cia?aaeai? ca’ycee i?ae
oaoiieia?/ieie iiaa?oiyie a?aeia?aaeathoue aeaiaioa?i? oaoiieia?/i?
iia?aoe?? (AOI). Ai?eciioaeuei? ca’ycee iaeeaaeathoue iaiaaeaiiy ia
/a?aia?noue aeeiiaiiy AOI ? neiaie?cothoue onoaoeoaaiiy ? iniauaiiy. Ca
noaeiai EOA an? oaoiieia?/i?

?en.1. O?aaiaio no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? eie?i/anoiai aaea CIC-53: 1o-4o —
oaooii? oeeee; 1e-5e — ei??ii? oeeee; A — oyaia ni?eueia a?nue ei??iieo
oeeie; A1 – A6 – ?aae?aeueia aeooy 2-4-? ei??iieo oeeie a?aeiinii 1-? ?
5-?; A7 – A11 — ni?aa?ni?noue ei??iieo oeeie; A13 — A15 – eooiaa
?ici?uaiiy 2-4-? oaooiieo oeeie a?aeiinii 1-?; A16-A19 ?aae?one
e?eaioei?a.

iiaa?oi?, ?o ia?aiao?e oa aca?iica’ycee ? a?aeiieie. A ?iaio? ?icaeyiaii
oioiaei? eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieia?/i? aacene 28A?IC i?noa Eueaiaa ?
?aaeao?anueeiai ?C.

No?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue EOA — oea ii/aoeia? oiiae oa iaiaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiue. Ea?oth/enue ieie, iiaoaeiaaii no?oeoo?io iiaeaeue OI
a?aeiiaeaiiy. Aeey oeueiai ?icaeyaeaeenue /ania?, aia?aaoe/i? e
i???iooaaeuei? i?aeiia?aoe?ei? ca’ycee. I?aeiia?aoe?eiee /aniaee ca’ycie
i-? oa j-? AOI iiaeaii ye:

aij= to,j + tae,j ,
(1)

aea to,j — iniiaiee /an aeeiiaiiy j-? AOI, tae,j — aeiiii?aeiee /an
aeeiiaiiy j-? AOI. A aeena?oaoe?? aeiaaaeaii, ui to,j — aaee/eia
a?aeiinii noaea, a tae,j caeaaeeoue a?ae oiai, yea i?noea a no?oeoo??
caeia? j-a AOI. Aia?aaoe/iee i?aeiia?aoe?eiee ca’ycie ia/eneth?oueny ca
oi?ioeith: wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy°yyy`??0?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????C1???Cd???Cy???CT
???u?th??????aea eij — aia?aii?noe?noue j-? AOI, ui ? aaciina?aaeiuei
ianooiiith ca i-th, IAeae; ee,.j — iia?aoeai? aeo?aoe aoaeoeaii?
aia?a??, ui aeo?a/a?oueny oi?iaeiaae iniiaiiai /ano j-? AOI, IAeae;
eae,ji — iia?aoeai? aeo?aoe aia?a?? aeiiii?aeieo iaoai?ci?a (c
iacaeaaeiei i?eaiaeii) aeey aeeiiaiiy iniiaii? ?iaioe i?ae /an j-? AOI;
h — eiao?oe??io ei?enii? ae?? aieiaieo iaoai?ci?a onoaoeoaaiiy; hae —
eiao?oe??io ei?enii? ae?? aeiiii?aeieo iaoai?ci?a onoaoeoaaiiy; ai.o. —
aia?aiaeo?aoe ia?iiai oiaeo onoaoeoaaiiy, IAeae; eae — aia?aaoe/iee
aea?aaeaio iia?aoeaieo aeo?ao aia?a?? ethaeeie-aeeiiaaoey j-? AOI.

I???iooaaeuei? i?aeiia?aoe?ei? ca’ycee aeacothoue ia oei
iaeaaeiaiiy, ia yeiio iiaea aeeiioaaoenue a?aeiia?aeia AOI. An?
i?aeiia?aoe?ei? ca’ycee icia/athoue iaiaaeaiiy ia /a?aia?noue AOI.

No?oeoo?i? iiaeae? oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a 3/4 ci?oai? (aeec’thieoeai?)
a?aoe. Aa?oeiaie aoaeue-yei? c oeeo iiaeaeae ? AOI, a ?aa?a ? aeoae —
i?aeiia?aoe?ei? /ania? ca’ycee. Oae? no?oeoo?i? iiaeae? ?
iaaii?yaeeiaaieie, ai i?noyoue caieiai? eiioo?e i?aeiia?aoe?eieo /aniaeo
ca’yce?a. Ca oeeie iiaeaeyie iaiiaeeeai neeanoe iaeiicia/iiai ?iceeaaeo
aeeiiaiiy AOI, ioaea – aecia/eoe iia?aoeaio o?eaae?noue ?
aia?aii?noe?noue OI.

15

A ?iaio? ?icaeyiaii ci?no oa niin?a ia/eneaiiy iniiaieo iieaciee?a ?O
aeaoaeae. Iia?aoeaia o?eaae?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy aecia/a?oueny ca
oi?ioeith:

wmetafile8? ??1/4???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A ???&??yyyy?????Ayyycyyy`??b?? ???&?
?MathType??P???u@th??????

aea Nh — iiiaeeia an?o AOI, ui neeaaeathoue no?eaeaiue aii?yaeeiaaii?
no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? OI a?aeiiaeaiiy. Iia?aoeaia aia?aii?noe?noue OI
aecia/eoueny ye:

wmetafile8? ??D???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? A@
???&??yyyy?????Ayyycyyy? ??b?? ???&?
?MathType??P???u@th??????

aea N — caaaeueia iiiaeeia AOI. Uia ia/eneeoe na?aaeith iia?aoeaio
o?eaae?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy eie?i/anoiai aaea aeey caaeaieo ??aiy yeino? ?
i?ia?aie a?aeiiaeaiiy, ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy /anoie aeaoaeae
eiaeiiai c a?aeiieo oaoi?/ieo noai?a o oe?e i?ia?ai? ianooiiei /eiii:

wmetafile8? ??‚???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@??O?? ???&? ?MathType??
???u?????????»????-?????i@????i<???u@th?????? aea pk - /ano?noue iiyae k-ai oaoi?/iiai noaio aeaoae?, wmetafile8? ??Ue???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?????? ???&? ?MathType??P? ???u?????????"????-?????I?e???I?????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??‚??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@??O?? ???&? ?MathType?? ???u?????????"????-?????i@????iC???u@th?????? Ieaeiy ioe?iea OiOI ? AiOI io?eio?oueny a ?acoeueoao? no?oeoo?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy OI a?aeiiaeaiiy - aii?yaeeoaaiiy an?o i?aeiia?aoe?eieo ca’yce?a. C a?aooaaiiyi oiai, ui OiOI e AiOI - no?oeoo?iaai? aaee/eie, aeaaaeaii aeiiii?aei? iieacieee, ui ? iio?aeieie a?ae aeaieo. Eiao?oe??io aeineiiaeino? eiino?oeoe?? aeaoae? ca ??aiai ao?ao /ano aeey ?? a?aeiiaeaiiy: wmetafile8? ??9??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  ????&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyy@??C?? ???&? ?MathType??p???u—ue???? aea to,iAOI- iniiaiee /an i-? AOI, oa; tae,iAOI- aeiiii?aeiee /an i-? AOI, oa. Eiao?oe??io i?eaeaoiino? aeaoaeae aeey iaoai?ciaaiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy: wmetafile8? ??•??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @`???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/4yyy ??ue?? ???&? ?MathType??@ ???u?????????"????-?????P????P???uAth?????? Eiao?oe??io aeineiiaeino? eiino?oeoe?? aeaoae? ca ??aiai ao?ao aia?a??: wmetafile8? ?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????    ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy` ??U?? ???&? ?MathType?? ???u?????????"????-?????F? ???O”???u?th?????? Iniiai? iieacieee i?eeiyoi ca e?eoa??? iioei?caoe?? no?oeoo?e OI, a aeiiii?aei? - aeei?enoiaothoueny i?ae /an ?ic?iaee caoiae?a aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ?O. Ci?iieie aeine?aeaeaiue ? aeae?eueea no?oeoo?ieo iciae OI. Ia?oa – aeicaieaiee /an eiai aeeiiaiiy aN.1 - /aniaee i?aeiia?aoe?eiee ca’ycie oiiaieo inoaiiuei? oa ia?oi? AOI, ye? icia/athoue, a?aeiia?aeii, oi?iaeueiee ii/aoie oa oi?iaeueia cae?i/aiiy OI. Ae?oaa iciaea - ??aaiue aa?oeeaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe?? AOI: wmetafile8? ?? ??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyya???? ???&? ?MathType??A? ???u?????????"????-?????pi???pK???u@th??????aea CV - iaeneiaeueia e?euee?noue AOI, ye? aeeiiothoueny ia?aeaeueii, N - caaaeueia e?euee?noue AOI a OI. O?aoy - ??aaiue ai?eciioaeueii? eiioeaio?aoe??: wmetafile8? ?? ??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ``???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¤yyy ???? ???&? ?MathType??A? ???u?????????"????-?????p???pc???u@th?????? aea Ch - e?euee?noue AOI, ye? iaeaaeaoue no?eaeith aii?yaeeiaaii? no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? OI. *aoaa?oa - ??aaiue eiioeaio?aoe?? oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e: wmetafile8? ????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA???? ???&? ?MathType??A? ???u?????????"????-?????pY???p#???u@th?????? aea Nto - e?euee?noue oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e a OI. Aeiionoei? aeey aeaiiai EOA cia/aiiy no?oeoo?ieo i?eeiao eaaeaoue a ?ioa?aaeao: Rch -]0,1; 0,9[, Rcv -]0,02; 0,22[, Rcto - ]0,1; 0,8[. ?icae?e 3. “I?ia?aia ? iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue”. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaaaeai? c iaoith aeyaeaiiy caeaaeiino? iia?aoeaieo iieaciee?a ?O eie?i/anoeo aae?a a?ae no?oeoo?ieo i?eeiao OI a?aeiiaeaiiy, aaeaeaaoiino? an?o no?oeoo?ieo iiaeaeae. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, i?ia?aiith aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/aeinue: a)iaa?oiooaaoe ianya aea??ee e anoaiiaeoe noaoenoe/ii no?ee? ii?aeiaiiy aeaoaeo?a eie?i/anoeo aae?a aeaeaoi?a CIC-53 a ?aiiioieo oiiaeao i?aei?e?inoa; a)aecia/eoe o?eaae?noue e aia?aii?noe?noue eiaeii? AOI caeaaeii a?ae ?? i?noey a no?oeoo?? OI; a)cae?enieoe ia AII no?oeoo?ia iiaeaethaaiiy ? iioei?caoe?th oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a. Aeey iiaoaeiae no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? eie?i/anoiai aaea ca ?iai/ei e?aneaiiyi aeei?enoaii iaoiaee aiae?co ?ici??ieo eaioetha?a. E?euee?noue aeaoaeae aaaaeaeany aeinoaoiueith, a an? ii?aeiaiiy aeaoaeo?a aeyaeaieie, yeui eieeaaiiy /anoino? ?o iiyae ia aeoiaeeei c iaaiith a??ia?aei?noth ca iaae? i?eeiyoi? oi/iino?. Aeia??/a eiia??i?noue - a=0,95, a a?aeiinia iioeaea e=0,15. Ca oaeeo oiia iio??aiee ianya noaiiaeoue 119 aeaoaeae. I?iaeaoaeoiaaii 192 aeaoae?. Ii?aeiaiiy aeaoaeo?a, /ano?noue iiyae yeeo ia ia?aaeuoaaea 0,05, aaaaeaeeny iaoa?aeoa?ieie. Aeey aeaoaeooaaiiy eiaeii? aeaoae? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo, yea aeeth/a? aea?? ? iaa?oiooaaiiy: a) ia?aiao??a aeaoae?, ui i?aeeyaathoue eiio?ieth; a) oaoi?/ieo cania?a eiio?ieth; a) iine?aeiaiino? eiio?iethaaiiy aea?aieo ia?aiao??a. Aeoiaey/e c iciaee, ca yeith ia?aiao?e aeaoae? ia’?aeiothoueny a EAI, aeey eiio?ieth yeino? AI aai AAI aeineoue ia?aa??eoe iaeei ia?aiao? c EAI oa an? ia?aiao?e ca’yce?a. Aeey eiio?iethaaiiy aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ei??iieo oa oaooiieo oeeie neiino?oeiaaii ? caiaoaioiaaii ye aeiao?ae niaoe?aeueiee i?eno??e, eiino?oeoe?y yeiai ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi eiino?oeoe?? aeaoae?. Aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e oeeie aecia/aeenue c e?oaeia?ai. Noai?aii aeai?eoi, ui aaco?oueny ia ?ica’ycoaaii? aaeoi?ieo ?ici??ieo eaioetha?a. Aeey eiio?iethaaiiy ?aooe ia?aiao??a eie?i/anoiai aaea aeei?enoaii noaiaea?oi? aei??thaaeuei? caniae. Iia?aoeaia o?eaae?noue eiaeii? AOI caeaaeii a?ae ?? i?noey a OI aecia/aeanue ye no?oeoo?iaaia aaee/eia: iniiaiee /an - ?ic?aooieiaei iaoiaeii ? o?iiiiao?aaeai; aeiiii?aeiee /an - ca i?e?iaeaiaioieie ii?iaoeaaie. Iia?aoeaia aia?aii?noe?noue eiaeii? AOI caeaaeii a?ae ?? i?noey a no?oeoo?? OI aecia/aeanue aiae?oe/ii-?ic?aooieiaei iaoiaeii. Aeey no?oeoo?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy OI noai?aii aeai?eoi, ui aaco?oueny ia iaoiaeao iine?aeiaiiai aiae?co aa??aio?a, “a?eie ? iaae” c oai??? ?iceeaae?a. Aeai?eoi iieeaaeaii ia iiao Pascal 7.0. Iaoeiiee aenia?eiaio aeeiiaii ia IAII PC/AT IBM 486/133/RAM 4Mb. Iiaeaethaaiiy cae?enithaaeinue a?aeiinii no?oeoo?ii? i?eeiaoe OI - aN,1. A iaoiaeeoe? ia/eneaiiy cia/aiiy no?oeoo?ieo i?eeiao OI a?aeiiaeaiiy aeei?enoiao?oueny no?oeoo?ia iiaeaeue aii?yaeeiaaiiai OI a?aeiiaeaiiy. Oey iiaeaeue cia?aaeaia o aeaeyae? a?aoa i?e?aeiaieo aaeoi??a, ui a ianooaa? ? iai?yi? /ano icia/athoue AOI (?en.3). Iaeaeiaoee eaioetha aaeoi??a cia?aaea? no?eaeaiue OI. *enei AOI, ye? aoiaeyoue a oeae eaioetha, ? ai?eciioaeueiith eiioeaio?aoe??th OI. Ia an? AOI, ui aeeiiothoueny a aeaiiio OI, aoiaeyoue a eiai no?eaeaiue. Ia? i?noea ia?aeaeueia aeeiiaiiy AOI. C ?enoiea eaaei aecia/eoe i??o ?icaaeoaeaiino? OI - eiai aa?oeeaeueio eiioeaio?aoe?th. AOI cao?oiaaii a oaoiieia?/i? iia?aoe?? ca oioiaei?noth i???iooaaeueieo ca’yce?a. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi no?oeoo?iiai neioaco OI a?aeiiaeaiiy ca eiai iioeiaeueieie no?oeoo?ieie i?eeiaoaie. ?icae?e 4. “?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue”. Anoaiiaeaii aeaee ? eiao?oe??ioe iiaoi?iino? aeaoaeo?a eie?i/anoeo aae?a CIC-53. Ni?aoeueiaai?noue: ?1 - iaca i?ae i?eciaoe/io oiiieo - 0,66; ?2 - iaca i?ae naaiaioio oiiieo - 0,59; ?3 - oeeee i?ae oe?a - 0,85; ?4 - oeeee i?ae oano??ith - 0,68; ?5 - ei??iieo oa oaooiieo oeeie aei ianooiiiai ?aiiioiiai ?ici??o - 0,23; ?6 - ei??iieo oa oaooiieo oeeie a?eueo ye ia iaeei ?aiiioiee ?ici?? - 0,18; ?7 - ei??iieo oa oaooiieo oeeie iiiaae on? ?aiiioi? ?ici??e - 0,59; ?8 - oi?oey ia?oi? ei??iii? oeeee - 0,33; ?9 - oi?oeaaa aeooy oeaioey e??ieaiiy iaoiaeea - 1,00; ?10 - ?en.3. I?eeeaae no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? aii?yaeeiaaiiai OI a?aeiiaeaiiy eie?i/anoiai aaea: 1-95 - AOI; I -VI -oaoiieia?/i? iia?aoe??. iioeiaeaeaiiy ianeica?iii? ??c? e (aai) ni?aoeueiaai?noue oeeee i?ae iaiaeaoo - 0,62; ?11 - ni?aoeueiaai?noue ai?caea i?aeoeiieea ia?aeiiiai aaea ei?iaee ia?aaea/ - 0,39; ?12 - iioeiaeaeaiiy 1-2 ieoie ??c? e??ieaiiy o?aiiaeea - 0,52; ?13 - iioeiaeaeaiiy a?eueo i?ae 2-o ieoie ??c? e??ieaiiy o?aiiaeea - 0,48; ?14 - ?aae?aeueia aeooy oeaioey iaoiaeea - 0,34; ?15 - ni?aoeueiaai?noue ioai??a i?ae aieoe e??ieaiiy iaoiaeea - 0,72. Aeyaeaii a?n?i noaoenoe/ii no?eeeo ii?aeiaiue aeaoaeo?a oeeo aeaoaeae, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue ?o oaoi?/iee noai, oa ?ioa?aaeuei? ioe?iee /anoino? ?o iiyae (oaae.1). Caeaaeiino? iieaciee?a ?O a?ae no?oeoo?e OI iiaoaeiaaii aeey an?o ainueie oaoi?/ieo noai?a eie?iaae?a. I?eeeaaee oaeeo caeaaeiinoae - ia ?en.4. Caeaaei?noue Oioi a?ae aN.1 ia? aeene?aoii c?inoath/ee oa?aeoa?. Eiaeia iaia?aaia ae?eyiea a?ao?ea a?aeia?aaea? OI iaaii? no?oeoo?e. Oaaeeoey 1. - Oa?aeoa?enoeea oaoi?/iai noaio eie?i/anoiai aaea CIC-53 ? Iiia?e aeaoaeo?a, ui *ano?noue iiyae oaoi?/iiai noaiooa?aeoa?ecothoue oaoi?/iee noaiieaeiy iaaeaaii??e/ia aa?oiy iaaea1 5, 9, 12, 14 0,0480,0900,1602 1, 3, 5, 9, 12, 140,0850,1400,2213 1, 3, 4, 6, 9, 10, 120,1170,1800,2674 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 10, 12, 140,1500,2300,2385 2, 3, 4, 7, 9, 10, 11, 150,0630,1100,1866 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 9, 11, 14, 150,0700,1200,1987 1, 2, 7, 8, 9, 10, 13, 14, 150,0410,0800,1508 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 14,150,0780,1300,210 Aaciaee aa??aio no?oeoo?e OI a?aeiia?aea? supOioi. Ciaeaeaii ieaeith ioe?ieo inf Oioi. Caeaaei?noue Aioi a?ae a1,N ia? oaeiae aeene?aoiee oa?aeoa?. Caaaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy aeeeaaeaii a oaae.2. I?iaiae?ciaaii 5200 iiaeeeaeo aeey aeaiiai EOA no?oeoo? OI. ?o ca?oiiaaii a 176 iaeii??aeieo, iieacieee ?O yeeo a?ae??ciythoueny ia a?eueo, i?ae ia 3%. Eiaeia c ieo ?en.4. I?eeeaae caeaaeiino? Oioi (1) oa Aioi (2) a?ae no?oeoo?e OI a?aeiiaeaiiy eie?i/anoiai aaea oaoi?/iiai noaio: a) ?1; a) ?5. ii??aithaaeanue c aaciaei aa??aioii ca iieacieeaie: ??aaiue nei?i/aiiy iia?aoeaii? o?eaaeino? wmetafile8? ??†??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyy@??&?? ???&? ?MathType??` ???u?????????"????-?????P,???P¦???u@th?????? aea Oioi,a ,Oioi,? - iia?aoeaia o?eaae?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy, a?aeiia?aeii, ca aaciaei oa ca i-i aa??aioii no?oeoo?e OI (iaeaeaa iieacieee noinothoueny a?aeiiaeaiiy aeaoae? iaeiiai oaoi?/iiai noaio); ??aaiue ciaioaiiy iia?aoeaii? aia?aii?noeino? OI: wmetafile8? ??n??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a? ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyyA ??™?? ???&? ?MathType??@ ???u?????????"????-??????)???? ???u@th?????? aea Aia - iia?aoeaia aia?aii?noe?noue aaciaiai aa??aioo no?oeoo?e OI, IAeae; Ai?- iia?aoeaia aia?aii?noe?noue ?-? no?oeoo?e OI. Aiae?c caeaaeiinoae DOioi oa DEioi a?ae Rch, Rcv, Rcto, cie?aia ei?aeyoe?eieo a?aeiioaiue i?ae ieie, ye? eaaeaoue a iaaeao 0,491-0,809, iieaco?, ui no?oeoo?a OI ia? aaaiiee aieea ia ??aaiue nei?i/aiiy iia?aoeaieo o?eaaeino? oa aia?aii?noeino? OI. Oaeoi?e ?icaaeoaeaiino?, eiioeaio?aoe?y AOI a no?eaei? OI ae?thoue ia no?oeoo?o OI eiiieaenii. No?oeoo?i? iciaee OI ? aca?iicaeaaeieie. Oeei iaa?oioiao?oueny aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy aaaaoioaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae: DOioi=0,004+0,15*Rch - 0,64*Rch2 - 0,41*Rch3 – 0,48*Rcv + 0,93*Rcv2 +3,52*Rcv3+0,15*Rcto- -1,7*Rcto2+1,88*Rcto3. (15) DEioi=0,007+1,02*Rch - 0,975*Rch2 - 0,1*Rch3 - 0,67*Rcv+1,36*Rcv2+1,16*Rcv3+0,093*Rcto – -0,115*Rcto2 -1,44Rcto3. (16) ?iaeaene oeeo aaaaoioaeoi?ieo iiaeaeae, a?aeiia?aeii I1=0,879 ? I2=0,835, na?ae/aoue i?i aenieo ocaiaeaeai?noue oai?aoe/ieo e aii??e/ieo aeaieo. Ooieoe?? aeno?aiieueiaaii ia ?ioa?aae a?aoiaio?a [0,1]. Iaeneioi ooieoe?? (15) aeinyaa?oueny ca oiia Rch=0,574; Rcv=0,185; Rcto=0,046, a (16) - ca oiia Rch=0,57; Rcv=0,19; Rcto=0,038. Ine?eueee iioeiaeueia cia/aiiy Rcto aeoiaeeoue ca iaae? aeiionoeiiai, oi aeiaaeueiee iioeioi ca aeaiiai EOA ? iaaeinyaeiei. Oea icia/a? iio?aao a ?ic?iaoe? i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey onoiaiiy oaei? iaa?aeiia?aeiino?. ?icae?e 5. “?ic?iaea i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa ?o aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy”. Cai?iiiiiaaii i?aai?caoe?ii-oaoi?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey ?aae?caoe?? iioeiaeueieo no?oeoo?ieo i?eeiao OI oa iiaeaii ?o aeiiii?/iee aiae?c ia iniia? iaeaooiuei? aa?oino? ?iaanoeoe?e. I?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey oiiaeeeaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo oai?aoe/ieo iieaciee?a ?O ?ic?iaeaii ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaiiai aeai?eoio neioaco no?oeoo?e OI. Aeai?eoi aaco?oueny ia i?ioeaaeo?ao aii?yaeeoaaiiy ci?oaieo a?ao?a – iiaeaeae OI - ye ? a no?oeoo?iiio iiaeaethaaii?. ??cieoey iieyaa? a oiio, ui aeey neioaco no?oeoo?e OI caaeathoueny aeiaeaoeia? oiiae – iioeiaeuei? no?oeoo?i? i?eeiaoe. Aii?yaeeoaaiiy AOI a?aeaoaa?oueny a iaaeao eiaeii? oaoiieia?/ii? iia?aoe??. Canoinoaaiiy aeai?eoio no?oeoo?iiai neioaco aeaei ciiao aeie?aieoe o? i?aeiia?aoe?ei? ca’ycee, ye? ia?aoeiaeaeathoue aeinyaiaiith caaeaieo no?oeoo?ieo i?eeiao (oaae.3). Oe? ca’ycee aoee oiaiiaeeeaeai? ci?iaie a EOA OI a?aeiiaeaiiy eie?i/anoeo aae?a. ?acoeueoaoe no?oeoo?iiai neioaco iiaeaii a oaaeeoe? 3. Oaaeeoey 2. - ?acoeueoaoe no?oeoo?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ? oaoi?/- iiai noaio*enei no?oeoo? infOioi,oasupOioi, oaDOioiinf Aioi IAeaesupAioi, IAeaeDAioi1131101800,3955,0082,70,342251452620,4476,7396,50,213222003850 ,4897,44158,020,384251783900,54126,66169,450,255172554900,48128,52201,05 0,366362804700,39121,09186,210,357163724860,23136,33190,060,288123305050 ,34185,38206,270,10 Oaaeeoey 3. - Aeinyaiai? iieacieee ?O eie?i/anoeo aae?a aeaeaoi?a CIC-53 oa no?oeoo?i? i?eeiaoe OI ?o a?aeiiaeaiiy ? oaoi?/iiai noaioIia?aoeaia o?eaae?noue, oaIia?aoeaia aia?aii?no- e?noue, IAeaeAi?eciioaeueia eiioeaio?a oe?y AOIAa?oeeaeue- ia eiioeaio?aoe?y AOIEiioeaio?aoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e16556.510222108.484.414243139.0136.619254259.2138.619255247.113 5.927686226.897.625587236.3118.522568328.7180.13636Na?aaeiy iia?aoeaia o?eaae?noue aeey aaciaeo aa??aio?a no?oeoo?, oiaoi ?? aa?oiy ioe?iea, a?aoiaoth/e oi?ioeo (5), - 402,7oa. Ieaeiy ioe?iea na?aaeiuei? iia?aoeaii? o?eaaeino? - 207,7oa. ??cieoey oeeo iieaciee?a noaiiaeoue 195 oa. Oaeith iiaea aooe iaeneiaeueia iioeaea ioe?iee Ooii ca /eiiith iaoiaeeeith. Na?aaeiy iia?aoeaia aia?aii?noe?noue aeey aaciaeo no?oeoo?, a?aoiaoth/e oi?ioeo (6) aei??aith? 163,48 IAeae. Na?aaeiy iia?aoeaia aia?aii?noe?noue aeey aeinyaiaieo no?oeoo? aei??aith?: 124,18 IAeae. ??cieoey, ?, a?aeiia?aeii, iaeneiaeueii iiaeeeaa iioeaea oeeo na?aaei?o aia?aii?noeinoae noaiiaeoue 39,3 IAeae. A?aeoeeaiiy aeinyaiaieo cia/aiue Oioi ? Aioi a?ae i?iaiicieo noaiiaeoue, a?aeiia?aeii, aeey aeaoaeae noaio: ?1 - 8,6%, 12,4%; ?2 - 18,5%, 12,1%; ?3 - 7,4%, 3%; ?4 - 3,1%, 1,16%; ?5 - 3,2%, 9,4%; ?6 - 2,8%, 4,5%; ?7 - 45,6%, 23%; ?8 - 32,3%, 12%., ui ? aeiionoeiei aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy. AENIIAEE 1.?aiiioi? i?aei?e?inoaa ia aeei?enoiaothoue aeani? ?aca?ae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa /a?ac oa, ui a?eueo?noue aeaoaeae iaoei a?aeiinyoue aei ?aiiioii iaoaoiieia?/ieo. ??ai? ?O aeaoaeae ioe?iththoue aac a?aooaaiiy aieeao no?oeoo?e OI, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei caaeuaii? iioeaee oe??? ioe?iee ? aei ia?aaeo?ao iia?aoeaiiai /ano oa aeaeo?iaia?a??. 2.Aeey ioe?iee ??ai?a ?O aeaoae? ?? iio??aii ?icaeyaeaoe ye iiiaeeio aeaiaioa?ieo iiaa?oiiue, ye? cao?oiaothoueny ca oaoiieia?/ieie iciaeaie o neeaaeai? iiaa?oi?, eiiieaeoe, eiia?iaoe?? ? oa?aeoa?ecothoueny eiiieaeoaie aeanieo ia?aiao??a. E??i oeeo eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe eiino?oeoeai? ca’ycee, /iai ia aeiaaa?oueny a /eiieo iaoiaeeeao. Nenoaiia eeaneo?eaoe?y eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a iaeiiai?oa a?aeiia?aea? aeiiaai aeaioiaeaiiy ? a?aeiiaeaiiy aeaoaeae, a /iio ? iieyaa? ?? ia?aaaaa. 3.Iaeoi/i?oa oaoi?/iee noai eie?i/anoiai aaea ioe?ith?oueny ia i?aenoaa? no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? aeaoae? ca ?iai/ei e?aneaiiyi. C i?aaenoaaieoeueei? aea??ee ianyaii 192 aeaoae? ?aioiiaeo i?aei?e?inoaa aecia/aii eiao?oe??ioe iiaoi?iino? aeaoaeo?a oa aeyaeaii 8 noaoenoe/ii no?eeeo ii?aeiaiue aeaoaeo?a (oaoi?/ieo noai?a) c ioe?ieith /anoino? ?o iiyae, ia i?aenoaa? /iai ooi/iaii ioe?iee ??ai?a ?O eie?iaae?a. 4.Iioei?caoe?y OI aeaoaeooaaiiy eie?i/anoiai aaea cae?enith?oueny c aeei?enoaiiyi i?eno?ith, eiino?oeoe?y yeiai ? a?aeia?aaeaiiyi no?oeoo?ii? iiaeae? ni?aaii? aeaoae?. Anoaiiaeaii, ui e?euee?noue aeaoaeae, ye? iiaeeeai a?aeiiaeoe ia?iuaiiyi ei??iieo oa oaooiieo oeeie, a noaoenoe/i?e aea??oe? ia 36% iaioa, i?ae oa, ui aeyaeaia a?aeiieie niiniaaie ? caniaaie aeaoaeooaaiiy. 5.I?aeiia?aoe?ei? /ania?, aia?aaoe/i?, i???iooaaeuei? ca’ycee ooai?ththoueny a ?acoeueoao? ci?i a eiino?oeoe?? aeaoae?. Ine?eueee oe? ca’ycee ? iniiaith no?oeoo?e OI a?aeiiaeaiiy, oi aiia ? iio?aeiith a?ae eiino?oeoe?? ni?aoeueiaaii? aeaoae?. O ca’yceo c oeei, iia?aoeai? iieacieee OI a?aeiiaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe i??eeii ?O aeaoaeae. Ia’?eoeai?noue ioe?iee caeaaeeoue a?ae nooiaiy aii?yaeeiaaiino? no?oeoo?e OI. 6.Iaoiaeeeith ia/eneaiiy oa iioei?caoe?? aeiaaaeaii, ui aeey ioe?ithaaiiy ?O aeaoaeae aeioe?eueii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iia?aoeaio o?eaae?noue ? aia?aii?noe?noue ye iniiai?, a oaeiae eiao?oe??ioe aeineiiaeino? eiino?oeoe?? ca ??aiai ao?ao /ano oa aia?a??, i?eaeaoiino? aei iaoai?caoe?? a?aeiiaeaiiy – ye iio?aei? iieacieee. 7.Iia?aoeai? iieacieee caeaaeaoue a?ae no?oeoo?e OI. Io?eiaii eoneiai-iiiioiii? caeaaeiino? Oioi ? Aioi a?ae no?oeoo?ii? i?eeiaoe i?ioeano - aN.1. ??cieoey i?ae aa?oiueith oa ieaeiueith ioe?ieith iieaciee?a ?O aeinyaa?: Oioi - 65%, Aioi - 36%. Oaeeie iiaeooue aooe iaeneiaeuei? iioeaee ioe?iee ??aiy ?O eie?i/anoeo aae?a aac a?aooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo oiia. 8.Ca?aeii c iaeiioaeoi?ieie ? aaaaoioaeoi?ieie iaoaiaoe/ieie iiaeaeyie aeey ioe?ithaaiiy oa i?iaiicoaaiiy iieaciee?a ?O eie?i/anoiai aaea, iaea?eueo aaaiieie oaeoi?aie ?O c on?o i?aai?caoe?eieo oiia ? aa?oeeaeueia, ai?eciioaeueia eiioeaio?aoe?? AOI ? eiioeao?aoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo iia?aoe?e. An? oe? oaeoi?e ae?thoue eiiieaenii. ?iaeaene aaaaoioaeoi?ieo ?aa?an?e ??ai?a iia?aoeaii? o?eaaeino? oa aia?aii?noeino? a?aeiia?aeii I1=0,879, I2=0,835. Iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy no?oeoo?ieo i?eeiao OI ca oeeie iiaeaeyie noaiiaeyoue Rch=0,57, Rcv=0,19, Rcto=0,04. Iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy DOioi =0,66, DAioi = 0,22. Iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy ??aiy ?O eie?i/anoeo aae?a aoaeue-yeiai oaoi?/iiai noaio ca aeaii? oaoiieia?? a?aeiiaeaiiy caeaaeii a?ae no?oeoo?e OI. 9.Aeai?eoi no?oeoo?iiai neioaco OI ca iioeiaeueieie no?oeoo?ieie i?eeiaoaie ca aeaiei EOA i?eaeaoiee aeey aeei?enoaiiy a oiiaao aoaeue-yeiai ?aiiioiiai i?aei?e?inoaa. Io?eiaii a?n?i no?oeoo? OI aeey aeyaeaieo oaoi?/ieo noai?a eie?i/anoeo aae?a. Oe? no?oeoo?e i?ecia/ai? aeey ?aiiioieo i?aei?e?inoa, aea canoiniao?oueny aeaia oaoiieia?y e iaeaaeiaiiy. Ia 28 A?IC oa ?aaeao?anueeiio ?C aeey ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iioeiaeueieo no?oeoo? OI ?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/i? caoiaee. Aeinyaiai? na?aaei? cia/aiiy Tooi, Aooi a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae i?iaiicieo ia 2,8% ? 2,4%. Aeiiii?/iee aoaeo aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie nei?i/aiiy iia?aoeaieo aeo?ao /ano oa aeaeo?iaia?a??. 10.?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue ai?iaaaeaeaii ia 28A?IC oa ?aaeao?anueeiio ?C Euea?anueei? iaeano?. ?iaanoeoe?? ia 28A?IC a noi? 5940 a?i noaiii ia 1.08.1998 ?. ieoieyoueny ia o?ao?e ??e c aeeneiioii 64%. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeai? a ianooiieo ?iaioao: 1.Ie?neaae/ I.N. No?oeoo?ia iiaeaethaaiiy a?aeiiaiiai oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano// Iaoai?ciaai? i?ioeane n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue. - Euea?a: Euea?a. aea?ae. n.-a. ?i-o, 1996. - N. 41- 46. 2. Naieiae/ I.Ae., Ie?neaae/ I.N. No?oeoo?iee neioac oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ? i?eno?ith aeey eiio?ieth aaiiao??? eie?i/anoiai aaea // A?niee i?eeaaeiaoae?aiiai ?inoeoooo ?i.Ioethy: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue, aei.4. - Oa?iii?eue: Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee i?eeiaeiaoae. ?i-o, 1996. - N. 34 - 43. 3. Ie?neaae/ I.N. Aieea no?oeoo?e oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia iia?aoeaio o?eaae?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy eie?i/anoiai aaea aeaeaoia CIC-53 // A?niee Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: Aa?i?iaeaia?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy (?1). - Euea?a: Euea?a. aea?ae. aa?a?iee oi-o, 1997. - N. 122-131. 4. Ie?neaae/ I.N. Aieea no?oeoo?e oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano ia iia?aoeaio aia?aii?noe?noue a?aeiiaeaiiy eie?i/anoiai aaea aeaeaoia CIC-53 // A?niee Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: Aa?i?iaeaia?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy (?1) . - Euea?a: Euea?a. aea?ae. aa?a?iee oi-o, 1997. - N. 131-138. 5.Naia?ae I., Ie?neaae/ I. Oaoiieia?/i?noue aeaoaeae n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei? oaoi?ee ia noaae?? ?o a?aeiiaeaiiy // A?niee Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo: Aa?i?iaeaia?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy (?2). - Euea?a: Euea?a. aea?ae. aa?a?iee oi-o, 1998. - N. 133-138. 6.Ie?neaae/ I. Iiaeae? ?aiiioii? oaoiieia?/iino? eie?i/anoeo aae?a aeaeaoi?a CIC-53 //Iaoeiiciaanoai. – 1998. - ?2. - N.33-37. 7.Ie?neaae/ I.N. No?oeoo?ii-oaoiieia?/i? iiaeae? aaoio?aeoi?ieo aeaoaeae // Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iae. iaoe. eiio. “Iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a ? oaoiieia?/iiai onoaoeoaaiiy a n?euenueeiio ainiiaea?noa?” .- Iae?oiiieue. – 1995. - N. 135. 8.Ie?neaae/ I. ??ai? ?aiiioii? oaoiieia?/iino? aaoio?aeoi?ieo aeaoaeae // Oace aeiiia?aeae i?aeia?iae. neiiic. “Oe?a?ia-Aano??y. Iaoea ? i?aeoeea”. – Euea?a. - 1996. N. 81. 9. Ie?neaae/ I.N. ?aeaioeo?eaoe?y ni?aoeueiaaiiai eie?i/anoiai aaea oa iiaeaethaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano eiai a?aeiiaeaiiy // Oace aeiiia?aeae ae?oai? Oe?. eiio. c aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy “Aaoiiaoeea-95”. – Euea?a. – 1995. - N.44. AIIOAOe?? Ie?neaae/ I.N. I?aai?caoe?ei? oiiae ioe?iee ??ai?a ?aiiioii? oaoiieia?/iino? eie?i/anoeo aae?a. 3/4 ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01 3/4 Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa. 3/4 Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao. Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeeee ia/eneaiiy ? aecia/aiith ia?aiao??a ?aiiioii? oaoiieia?/iino? eie?i/anoeo aae?a aeaeaoi?a CIC-53 ia i?aenoaa? iioei?caoe?? i?aai?caoe?eieo oiia - no?oeoo?e oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano a?aeiiaeaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue iieaciee?a ?aiiioii? oaoiieia?/iino? a?ae no?oeoo?e OI. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aiiioia oaoiieia?/i?noue, a?aeiiaeaiiy, no?oeoo?a oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano, eie?i/ano? aaee, oaoi?/iee noai, aeaoaeooaaiiy. Oliskevych M.S. Organizational conditions for level of crank-shafts repair technological ability evaluation. – Manuscript. Thesis for a candidate of technical degree by specialty 08.06.01.- Enterprises economy and manufactory organization. – Lviv State Agrarian University. The dissertation is devoted to calculation method of construction and technological ability level of crank-shafts of ZMZ-53 engines evaluating on the basis of optimization of organizational condition as structure of renewal technological process. There was improved that technological ability showings depend on structure of technological process. Key words: processing ability, renewing, technological process structure, crank-shafts, technical condition, defect controlling. Ieeneaae/ I.N. I?aaiecaoeeiiiua oneiaey ioeaiee o?iaiae ?aiiioiie oaoiieiae/iinoe eieai/aouo aaeia. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01. – Yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey i?iecaiaenoaa. – Eueaianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao. A oneiaeyo ?aciuo ?aiiioiuo i?aaei?eyoee, aaea eniieuecoaony aiaeiae/iue eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieiae/aneee aacen ii ainnoaiiaeaieth eieaiaaeia aeaeaaoaeae CIC-53, ainnoaiiaeaiiua aaeu eiatho iaeeiaeiaue o?iaaiue ea/anoaa, aeinoeaaaiua iieacaoaee ?aiiioiie oaoiieiae/iinoe eiatho cia/eoaeueiia ?acee/ea. I?iaeaia ninoieo a oii, /oi a nouanoaothueo iaoiaeeeao ioeaiee o?iaiy ?aiiioiie oaoiieiae/iinoe ia o/eouaathony i?aaiecaoeeiiiua oneiaey ainnoaiiaeaiey. Iaeiei ec nouanoaaiiuo oneiaee yaeyaony no?oeoo?a oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna. A aeaiiie ?aaioa eiie?aoece?iaaii iiiyoea ?aiiioiie oaoiieiae/iinoe eae naienoaa, iaeaieaa iieii i?iyaeythuaainy a i?ioeanna acaeiiaeaenoaey aeaoaee n iai?oaeiaaieai e inianoeie, eee a i?ioeanna iiaeaeee?iaaiey yoiai acaeiiaeaenoaey. Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaii e yenia?eiaioaeueii aeieacaii, /oi iaeaieaa iauaeoeaiuie iieacaoaeyie ?aiiioiie oaoiieiae/iinoe aeaoaeae iaoei yaeythony iia?aoeaiay i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue e n?aaeiyy iia?aoeaiay yia?ai?ieinoue ainnoaiiaeaiey. I?iecaiaeiua iieacaoaee – eiyooeoeeaiou niaa?oainoaa eiino?oeoeee ca o?iaiai iioa?ue a?aiaie e yia?aee, i?eaiaeiinoe e iaoaiecaoeee i?ioeanna. A ?aaioa ii?aaeaeaia naycue eiino?oeoeee eciioaiiie aeaoaee e iaoii?yaei/aiiie no?oeoo?u oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna a? ainnoaiiaeaiey n iiiiuueth nenoaiu no?oeoo?iuo iiaeaeae: eni?aaiie aeaoaee, eciioaiiie aeaoaee ii?aaeae?iiiai oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey, iiaeaee eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieiae/aneiai aacena, iaoii?yaei/aiiiai e oii?yaei/aiiiai oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia. Yoa naycue, a oaeaea iiaia i?aaenoaaeaiea i iaaeiia?aoeeiiiuo naycyo aeaea aiciiaeiinoue onoaiiaeoue caaeneiinoue iieacaoaeae ?aiiioiie oaoiieiae/iinoe aaeia io no?oeoo?iuo i?eciaeia oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna. Oaeea caaeneiinoe, e?iia iia?aoeaiie i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe, ainnoaiiaeaiey ia eiatho ii?aaeae?iii au?aaeaiiiai oa?aeoa?a. Yoi iaoneiaeaii eniieueciaaieai ya?enoe/aneiai aeai?eoia oii?yaei/aiey oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna e eiiieaeniui aeeyieai ?anniio?aiiuo aai no?oeoo?iuo i?eciaeia. Oaeeie i?eciaeaie yaeythony: aa?oeeaeueiay eiioeaio?aoeey yeaiaioa?iuo oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee – eiee/anoai yeaiaioa?iuo oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee a e?eoe/aneii iooe no?oeoo?iie iiaeaee; ai?eciioaeueiay eiioeaio?aoeey yeaiaioa?iuo iia?aoeee – iaeneiaeueiia eiee/anoai yeaiaioa?iuo oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee, eioi?ua auiieiythony iaeiia?aiaiii; eiioeaio?aoeey oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee – iauaaeaiaiea aeaiaioa?iuo oaoiieiae/aneeo iia?aoeee ia iniiaaiee oeia iai?oaeiaaiey. ?acieoea iia?aoeaiuo iieacaoaeae ?aiiioiie oaoiieiae/iinoe eieai/aouo aaeia i?e eciai/eainoe no?oeoo?iuo i?eciaeia oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna a aeiionoeiii aeey aeaiiiai eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieiae/aneiai aacena eioa?aaea a ioaeaeueiuo neo/ayo aeinoeaaao 65% - aeey i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe e 36% - aeey yia?ai?ieinoe. No?oeoo?iua i?eciaee eiatho ei??aeyoeeiiioth acaeiicaaeneiinoue. A nayce n yoei nieaie?iaaii o??ooaeoi?iue yenia?eiaio e ?ac?aaioaiu iieeiiieaeueiua ?aa?anneiiiua iiaeaee ?aiiioiie oaoiieiae/iinoe. Iioeiaeueiua cia/aiey no?oeoo?iuo i?eciaeia ca e?eoa?eyie iia?aoeaiie i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoe e iia?aoeaiie yia?ai?ieinoe niaiaaeatho, ii ia i?eiaaeeaaeao aeiionoeiiio ioiineoaeueii aeaiiai eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieiae/aneiai aacena i?iiaaeooeo. Iie iaeaeaiu n eniieueciaaieai iaoiaeia yeno?aiieyoeee. Ca iioeioiii oai?aoe/aneeo caaeneiinoae n?aaeithth iia?aoeaioth i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue iiaeii nie?aoeoue ia 66%, a n?aaeithth iia?aoeaioth yia?ai?ieinoue – ia 22% a n?aaiaiee n aaciaui aa?eaioii no?oeoo?u oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna. Yoe iieacaoaee n/eoathony i?iaiiciuie. ?acoeueoaou aeenna?oaoeee aiaae?aiu a i?iecaiaenoai eae i?aaiecaoeeiiii-oaoiieiae/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii aeinoeaeaieth i?iaiiciuo iieacaoaeae. Aeey oniaoiiai aiaae?aiey ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea e aeai?eoi no?oeoo?iiai neioaca oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna ca ecaanoiuie no?oeoo?iuie i?eciaeaie. Iaoiaeeea iiaeao auoue eniieueciaaia a oneiaeyo ethaiai ?aiiioiiai i?aaei?eyoey. N?aaeiea aeinoeaiooua iieacaoaee ?aiiioiie oaoiieiae/iinoe ioee/athony io i?iaiiciuo ia aieaa, /ai ia 3%. Oeaeaniia?aciinoue aiaae?aiey ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ?aaioa yeiiiie/anee iainiiaaia iaoiaeii /enoie ianoiyuae noieiinoe eiaanoeoeee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aiiioiay oaoiieiae/iinoue, no?oeoo?a oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna, eieai/aoua aaeu, oaoie/aneia ninoiyiea, aeaoaeoaoeey.

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