18

AIEEINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?iai? EAN? OE?A?IEE

I A ? O E I

Iao?i Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 796.011 (477)

I?AAI?CAOe?EII — IAAeAAIA?*I? INIAEEAINO?

O?CE*IIAI AEOIAAIIss NOA?OIEEANIEE?A

O NO*ANIEO IIEIAe?AEIEO I?AAI?CAOe?ssO

24.00.02 – O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo

Eooeuee-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii o Euea?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio ?inoeooo? o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e. Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? In?i/oe
Aieiaeeie? A?eai?iae/, Euea?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia
O?aiea, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio AII Oe?a?ie A?eue/eianueeee Aaeoa?ae Noai?neaaiae/,
?inoeooo i?iaeai aeoiaaiiy AII Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/ eaai?aoi??? o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy

aeieoi? iie?oe/ieo iaoe Aieiaaoee Ieeiea Oaaei?iae/, I?ae?aa?iiaeueia
aeaaeai?y oi?aae?iiy ia?niiaeii, aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo iaiaaeaeiaioo oa
a?ciano

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ?
nii?oo Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “14” aeiaoiy 1999 ?. ia 11.00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 32. 051. 02 Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (263000, i.Eooeuee, aoe.
Aeiie/aiea, 30)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Aieeinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee (263000, i.Eooeuee, aoe.
Aeiie/aiea, 30)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “14 ” aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio
Oeueinue A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. C ooai?aiiyi Oe?a?ie ye iacaeaaeii? aea?aeaae noaei
iiaeeeaei ooaa?aeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueii? nenoaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ye a
aea?aeaaieo caeeaaeao ina?oe, oae ? a a?iiaaenueeeo ia`?aeiaiiyo.
Oeueiio ni?ey? i?eeiyoa inoaii?i /anii iecea aea?aeaaieo aeieoiaio?a.

Iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaia caaaeueia eiioeaioe?y iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy
i?ae?inoath/iai iieie?iiy aeiaaa? iiooeo oeyo?a ?? ?aae?caoe?? a ??cieo
eaieao noni?eueiiai aeeooy, a oiio /ene? a iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo.
I?ae oei, ua aeiiaaeaaia ia iieiae?aeiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? aeoaea neeueii
iicia/aeinue noaaeaiiy noni?euenoaa aei iieiae? ye aei ia’?eoa
nioe?aeueiiai ae?yiiy nai?o aeoiaieo oa ?aeaieia?/ii-i?iiaaaiaeenonueeeo
?inoeooo?a, canoiniaoth/e ii a?aeiioaiith aei ia?, oae caaiee,
caeeoeiaee i?eioeei. Ia aeaeue, i?iaeaia aeeoy/eo ? iieiae?aeieo
ia’?aeiaiue o?eaaeee /an ?icaeyaeaeany a/aieie (ss.Iaie??anueeee, 1997;
A.Aieiaaiueei, 1998) aeineoue iaeiia?/ii, o?aeooth/e ?o ae?yeuei?noue ye
ai?i?ciaaio, ao?aeoacio nenoaio aeoiaaiiy, iaoooth/e ?o aoiai?noe/ieie
aeoiaieie oe?eyie.

I?ae oei, ia’?eoeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e, ye neeaaeiai? iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy,
o?eueee ?icii/eia?oueny (A.Aieiaaiueei, 1997). Iei?, eiee a?ae/oaa?ii
aino?o iio?aao a /?oe?e eiioeaioe?? iaoe?iiaeueiiai aeoiaaiiy oa
iiaa?oa?iiny aei iaoe?iiaeueieo o?aaeeoe?e aeoiaaiiy iieiae?, aeaia
ieoaiiy ? iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiei. Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? ??cieo
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e ye ae?aciee?a ??cieo nioe?aeueieo a?oi oa
iie?oe/ieo iai?yie?a aeicaiey? i?inoaaeeoe aaiaco iaoe?iiaeueiiai
a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oe?a?inueeiai ia?iaeo.

Iacaaaeath/e ia /eneaii? iaoeia? i?aoe?, a yeeo aena?oeththoueny ??ci?
aniaeoe i?aeaeuaiiy ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? o/i?a (A.A?ao’?a, A.Noie?oaiei,
1997), iaoiaeeea ?iceoeo ?ooiaeo yeinoae (E.Aieeia, 1980; A.Aaeaaoiai,
1991), iicaeeania oa iicaoe?eueia o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy (A.Ia?iyeia, 1989;
A.Aiaaeaiia,1989), i?aai?caoe?y iaaeaaia?/iiai eiio?ieth ca o?ce/iith
i?aeaioiaeith oeiey??a (I.Iaaaoi?eiaa, 1982; A.Iiainaeuenueeee, 1980),
o?ce/ia i?aeaioiaeai?noue iieiae? c eiaeiei ?ieii iia??oo?oueny.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e/ei oaeiai noaio ? iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiei.

A inoaii? ?iee c’yaeeeny aeine?aeaeaiiy (I.Aieiaaoee, 1993; I.Aaoeaaa,
1996; ss.Iaie??anueeee, 1996; A.Aieiaaiueei, 1997; ?.Aiae?oo?a, 1997),
i?enay/ai? ie?aiei aniaeoai ae?yeueiino? iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e.
Iaeiae o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaia ?iaioa a no?oeoo?? no/anieo iieiae?aeieo
i?aai?caoe?e ? iaaeinoaoiuei aena?oeaiith, ui aeaco? ia aeooaeuei?noue
aea?aii? oaie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?y aeeiiaia ia i?aenoaa? Caaaeaiiai ieaio IAe? I?i?noa?noaa
Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao iieiae? ? nii?oo ia 1994-1998 ?.?. a ?aieao oaie
1.3.5. “Oe?a?inueea ia?iaeia o?ce/ia eoeueoo?a (oai?aoeei iaoiaee/i?
aniaeoe aeei?enoaiiy a no/anieo oiiaao)”, iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0194 V 0035072.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ocaaaeueiaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
iniaeeainoae ? ia oe?e iniia? — aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy noa?oieeaniee?a oeyoii ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ?iaioo iieiae?aeieo
i?aai?caoe?e iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

A aeine?aeaeaii? ae??ooaaeeny oae? caaea/?:

— aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoeo
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo canaae o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a oe?a?inueeeo
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo;

— aeine?aeeoe nooi?iue iioe?aiiy caiyoue o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii
o iicaiaa/aeueiee /an na?aae noa?oieeaniee?a oa i?e/eie, eio??
aieeaathoue ia caeo/aiiy oeiey??a aei oeeo caiyoue;

— aeine?aeeoe i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o no/anieo
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo;

— ?ic?iaeoe ? ai?iaoaaoe i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey
iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy noa?oieeaniee?a o no/anieo
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui a
?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue:

— ocaaaeueiaii a?aeiiino? i?i noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo canaae o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a oe?a?inueeeo
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo;

— ?ic?iaeaii eeaneo?eaoe?th no/anieo iieiae?aeieo oa aeeoy/eo
i?aai?caoe?e ca noaoooieie caaaeaiiyie;

— aecia/aii iioeaaoe?ei? /eiieee, ui aieeaathoue ia caeo/aiiy
noa?oieeaniee?a aei caiyoue o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii;

— iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey
iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o no/anieo iieiae?aeieo
i?aai?caoe?yo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o:

— ?ic?iaoe? oa ai?iaaaeaeaii? a nenoaio ae?yeueiino? iieiae?aeieo
i?aai?caoe?e iiai? i?aai?caoe?eii? oi?ie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy —
nooaeaionueeiai nii?oeaiiai oanoeaaeth;

— ?ic?iaoe? oa ai?iaaaeaeaii? i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey ?ino?oeoi??a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa ea??aiee?a
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e, ye? aeicaieythoue iie?aueoe i?ioean o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy /eai?a oeeo i?aai?caoe?e oeyoii: a) i?iaaaeaiiy nai?ia??a aeey
?ino?oeoi??a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ?o oaoiaino?; a)
i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a a ?aieao
nayoeoaaiue eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eieo nayo.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. C?a?aii a?aeiiino? i?i o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy a
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo a ?noi?e/iiio aniaeo? oa ia no/aniiio aoai?.
Aea/aia noaoooia ? i?ia?aiii-ii?iaoeaia ae?yeuei?noue iieiae?aeieo
i?aai?caoe?e oa ?ic?iaeaia ?o eeaneo?eaoe?y. Aeine?aeaeaii e
ocaaaeueiaii aeai? i?i nooi?iue iioe?aiiy caiyoue o?ceoeueoo?ith ?
nii?oii na?aae noa?oieeaniee?a, a oaeiae ??aaiue o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo oa
o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? ae?oae noa?oiai oe?eueiiai a?eo. ?ic?iaeaii
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy o no/anieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aoee
i?aaenoaaeai? ia Ia?o?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoe?iiaeueia
no?aoiaa iaaee/ia caaacia/aiiy Oe?a?ie” (Euea?a, 1995), ia
Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ina?oa a aaeoc? o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e: noai, i?iaeaie, ia?niaeoeae” (Euea?a, 1996), ia
anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo “?ieue o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e a caei?iaiio niinia? aeeooy” (Euea?a, 1996; Euea?a,1997), ia
II ?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oi?i
e iaoiaeia ainieoaiey o/aueony iauaia?aciaaoaeueiuo oeie” (A?oaanuee,
1997), ia ia?o?e Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? ani??aio?a aaeoc?
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo “Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea Oe?a?ie” (Euea?a,
1997), ia ae?oa?e Anaoe?a?inuee?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? ani??aio?a
“Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea Oe?a?ie” (Euea?a, 1998), ia “e?oaeiio” noie?
“Iieiae?aei? i?aai?caoe?? nueiaiaei?” (Ee?a, 1997), ia Anaoe?a?inuee?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iieiae?aei? i?iaeaie a Oe?a?i?: noai oa oeyoe ae??oaiiy”
(Euea?a, 1997), ia ui??/ieo /eoaiiyo ?inoeoooo i?iaeai iieiae? (Ee?a,
1998), ia Na?oiaiio Eiia?an? Iieiae?aeieo I?aai?caoe?e (Ee?a, 1998), ia
i?aenoieiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a ? ani??aio?a Euea?anueeiai Ae?OE
(1994-1998??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiue aena?oeai? o 16 ioae?eaoe?yo, c
yeeo 7 noaoae o ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a ?aooa – ioae?eaoe?? o
ca??ieeao iaoa??ae?a ? oac iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 187 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieno ? i?noeoue anooi, i’youe ?icae?e?a, aeniiaee, nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae – 225 aeaea?aea, aeiaeaoie. Aeey e?auiai
ni?eeiyooy iaoa??ae?a aeine?aeaeaiue a aeena?oaoe?? iaaaaeaii 17
?enoie?a ? 11 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, aecia/aii iaoo oa caaea/?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ice?eoi iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe,
iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a, aeaco?oueny noa?a ai?iaaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Cia/aiiy, ci?no ? iaoiaeeea o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy
noa?oieeaniee?a” a?aei?/aii, ui aieea noni?euenoaa, aea?aeaae ia
iniaeno?noue i?ioiaeeoue iiina?aaeeiaaii /a?ac neeaaeio nenoaio
nioe?aeueieo iina?aaeiee?a: n?i’th, iaa/aeueii-aeoiai? caeeaaee,
iieiae?aei? i?aai?caoe??, caniae ianiai? eiioi?eaoe??, ??ci?
iaoi?iaeuei? a?oie. sse cacia/athoue oao?aoe? (A.Aauaiei, 1997;
I.Aeoiaanueeee, 1996; A.Aeaia?oeueeee, 1989; I.Aaeoiaiei, 1987), a
caeaaeiino? a?ae ??aiy i?aai?caoe?? oa ?icaeoeo nenoaiii? ae?yeueiino?
noni?euenoaa, iniaeeainoae eiai aieeao ia iniaeno?noue /a?ac aeuaiacaai?
iina?aaeieee ii-??ciiio i?ioiaeeoue i?ioean i?eeiyooy, ona?aeiieaiiy ?
ia?aoai?aiiy o/iyie iio?aa noni?euenoaa o aeanio noa’?eoeaio
iaiao?aei?noue. Ia aeoieo iaaeaaia?a (A.Nooiieeinueeee, 1967;
E.Ooeinueeee, 1979), ae?yeuei?noue, a ye?e a?aeaoaa?oueny oi?ioaaiiy
iniaenoino?, ? noni?eueiith oa nioe?aeueiith ae?yeuei?noth. Naia /a?ac
oe? aeaee ae?yeueiino? o/aiue aeeth/a?oueny a nenoaio ia’?eoeaieo
noni?eueieo a?aeiinei, aa?o/e ia naaa iaai? nioe?aeuei? ?ie? ?
i?iyaeyth/e o ?o aeeiiaii? naith ?iaeea?aeoaeueio nooi?noue.

Na?aae oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaio aeoeai?noue
o/i?a iiaeia aeae?eeoe ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? iniaeeaino?, a?aeiioaiiy n?i`?,
iaaeaaia?/iiai eieaeoeao oeiee, ?iaaniee?a aei caiyoue o?ceoeueoo?ith ?
nii?oii, a oaeiae iayai?noue iaeaaeii? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ii? aace,
??ciiiai?oiiai ?iaaioa?y, a?aeiia?aeieo a?a??i?/ieo oiia. A oie aea /an,
aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aeoeaiino? o/i?a aei caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie
iaiao?aeii oi?ioaaoe o ieo ?ioa?an oa iioeaaoe?th. O naith /a?ao,
?ioa?an aei o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? noi?io?oueny a o/i?a
oiae?, eiee aiie ciiaeooue ?aae?coaaoe nai? ciaiiy ? ai?iiy a ??cieo
oi?iao, eiee aiie iiaa/aoue nai? oni?oe a oe?e ae?yeueiino? ? eiee oe?
oni?oe aoaeooue ii?eethaeithaaoeny. Naia oae? oiiae iaiao?aeii noai?eoe
o/iyi, uia caioioeoe ?o aei caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie.

Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue ?ic?iaeai? oa ai?iaiaai? aaeaeaaoi? iaoiaeeee
?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo yeinoae aeey o/i?a-noa?oieeaniee?a (E.Aieeia,1988;
ss.Aaeaaoiai, 1991), ye? a?aoiaothoue a?eia? oa noaoaa? iniaeeaino?
?icaeoeo i?aai?cio a cacia/aiee a?eiaee ia??iae. A/aieie (A.Ia?iyeia,
1989; A.Oeyi, 1986) iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy c
iieiaeaeth ??cieo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a
iicaiaa/aeueiee /an. ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? (A.Iiainaeuenueeee, 1980;
?.I??iaiaa, 1989), ui iioei?cothoue ?o i?iaaaeaiiy /a?ac aaeaeaaoi?noue
i?aeai?o iaaaioaaeaiiy oa aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a eiio?ieth ca
o?aioaaeueiei i?ioeanii. ?acoeueoaoe cacia/aieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iieiae?, ia
ci?oeiaiiy ?? caei?ia`y, ? c eiaeiei ?ieii oaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue noa?
ana a?eueoa. Iaeiae, iacaaaeath/e ia ana oea, c ?ieo a ??e ciaioo?oueny
e?euee?noue noa?oieeaniee?a, ye? a?aea?aeothoue caiyooy o?ceoeueoo?ith ?
nii?oii a iicaiaa/aeueiee /an, a ??aaiue ?o caei?ia`y iino?eii
iia??oo?oueny. A ca’yceo c oeei, iaiao?aeii aea/eoe, yea iioeaaoe?y
ni?ey? caeo/aiith noa?oieeaniee?a aei caiyoue o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii,
a oaeiae aeine?aeeoe iniaeeaino? i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy, ye? i?iaiaeyoueny a iicaiaa/aeueiee /an a ??cieo onoaiiaao,
cie?aia o no/anieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Iaoiaee oa i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiiy”
?ice?eaathoueny iaoiaee, ui canoiniaoaaeeny aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo
caaea/, a naia: aiae?c iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? e?oa?aoo?e; aiae?c a?o?aieo
iaoa??ae?a; iieooaaiiy (aieaooaaiiy, ?ioa?a’thaaiiy); iaaeaaia?/i?
niinoa?aaeaiiy; aio?iiiiao?e/i? aei??e, iaaeaaia?/i? oanoe;
iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio, iaoiaee iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeiny i?ioyaii 1994-1998 ??. ia aac? i?aai?caoe?e
Ieano, Niaaeueia, N?/, NIIO, a i?nueeeo oeieao Eueaiaa, Naiai?a, Eiaaey
oa a n?euenueeeo oeieao Euea?anueei?, ??aiainueei?, Oa?iii?euenueei?
iaeanoae ai?iaeiaae ianooiieo aoai?a:

1. Oai?aoe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie, aea/aiiy oa ocaaaeueiaiiy
e?oa?aoo?ieo ? aeieoiaioaeueieo aeaea?ae, aeina?aeo ae?yeueiino?
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e.

2. I?iaaaeaiiy iieooaaiiy noa?oieeaniee?a aeey aea/aiiy nooiai?
iioe?aiiy na?aae ieo caiyoue o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii. I?iaaaeaiiy
iaaeaaia?/iiai niinoa?aaeaiiy aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o no/anieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo. ?ic?iaea
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oeiey??a o no/anieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo.

3. I?iaaaeaiiy aio?iiiiao?e/ieo aei??thaaiue oa iaaeaaia?/iiai
oanooaaiiy oeiey??a 15-17 ?ie?a. I?iaaaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo
aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaieo i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. A aenia?eiaio? acyei o/anoue 255 noa?oieeaniee?a, c ieo
64 oeiioe? ? 48 ae?a/ao – aenia?eiaioaeueia a?oia (AA) (/eaie IOI
“Niaaeueia”), oa 87 oeiioe?a ? 56 ae?a/ao – eiio?ieueia a?oia (EA).

4. Ia?iaea oa aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oi?ioethaaiiy aeniiae?a ?iaioe.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoie
i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo canaae o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a oe?a?inueeeo
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo” cacia/a?oueny, ui oe?a?inueeee iieiae?aeiee
?oo ia? aeeaie? ei?ai?. Iaoeiaoe? (ss.Iaie??anueeee, 1997;
A.Aieiaaiueei,1998), iiae?eyth/e eiai ia e?eueea aoai?a,
noaa?aeaeothoue, ui ca?iaeaeoaaany a?i o i?ioean? oi?ioaaiiy
a?iiaaenueeeo no?oeoo?, ye? ia oe?a?inueeeo caieyo c’yaeeeny aeineoue
aeaaii, nyaath/e nai?ie ei??iiyie a aeio?enoeyinuee? /ane. O?ce/ia
aeoiaaiiy a eiyae? /ane oa aeiao eica//eie iaei a?enueeiai-i?eeeaaeia
ni?yioaaiy, a na?aaeiueia?//y, a a?aonoaao, aiii aoei aaaaeaia ye
neeaaeiaa nenoaie oiai/anii? ina?oe, a a iaoe?iiaeueii-iao??ioe/ieo
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo ia?oi? iieiaeie OO noie?ooy – nii/aoeo
aenooiaei iniiaiei eiiiiiaioii i?aeaioiaee aei i?ioan?eii? ae?yeueiino?
? iaei nii?oeaii-i?eeeaaeio ni?yiiaai?noue, a i?ci?oa, i?ae /an Ia?oi?
na?oiai? a?eie, — a?enueeiai-i?eeeaaeio ni?yiiaai?noue.

A ?aaeyinueeee ia??iae iieiae?aeiee ?oo a Oe?a?i?, a iniiaiiio, ?nioaaa
o?eueee o oi?i? aeaio i?aai?caoe?e: eiiniiieo ? i?iia???. O?ce/iiio
aeoiaaiith /eai?a oeeo i?aai?caoe?e i?eae?eyeany aaeeea oaaaa: aaeany
naeoe?eia ?iaioa c ??cieo aeae?a nii?oo, i?iaiaeeeeny ciaaaiiy,
i?aai?ciaoaaeeny oo?enoe/i? iioiaee, o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/? oa
nii?oeai? oaai?e, a ye? caeo/aeany aaeeea e?euee?noue iieiae?. Oiio
o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy a i?iia?nueei-eiiniiieuenueeeo i?aai?caoe?yo iaei
nii?oeaii-ianiao ni?yiiaai?noue.

I?ae aieeaii ia?aaoaeia/eo i?ioean?a (1985-1991??.) iieiae?aeiee ?oo
ia?aoiaeeoue ia ye?nii iiaee aoai naiai ?icaeoeo. Nii/aoeo, a oiiaao
iiaiai, ia?aaoaeia/iai eo?no, a?i oi?ioaaany ye iaoi?iaeueiee ?
oa?aeoa?ecoaaany eeoaii-ao?oeiaith ae?yeuei?noth. Ca ni?yioaaiiyi oea
aoa ?oo i?ioanoo i?ioe iiiiiie?? eiiniiieo. Aiiaa?i oeueiai aoaio noaea
iie?oecaoe?y iieiae?aeieo oi?ioaaiue. Ii?yae c oei, noai?thaaeeny
o?ceoeueoo?i? ia’?aeiaiiy /a?ac a?ae?iaeaeaiiy noa?eo oi?i ae?yeueiino?
iieiae?aeieo oiaa?enoa. Oaeei /eiii, a?aeiiaeee naith ae?yeuei?noue
neaoonuee? i?aai?caoe?? “Ieano”, Oe?a?inueea iaoe?iiaeueii-iao??ioe/ia
i?aai?caoe?y “Ieanooi”, Ea?iaonueeee eauaoa?nueeee eeoa, Euea?anueea
e?aeiaa i?aai?caoe?y oe?a?inueeee n?/iaee nithc oa ?i.

Iei?oi?e iieiae?aeiee ?oo Oe?a?ie oa?aeoa?eco?oueny oaeeie iniiaieie
/eiieeaie, ye aeaiie?aoe/i?noth, ??ciiiai?oi?noth ca iai?yieaie
ae?yeueiino? oa iie?oe/ieie oiiaeiaaiiyie, ?aa?iiaeueieie iniaeeainoyie
(iieiae?aeiee ?oo ?ioaa?iaaiee ia?aaaaeii a ?aa?iiaeuei?, a ia
anaoe?a?inuee? no?oeoo?e) oiui. Ia nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue a Oe?a?i? ae??
aeecueei 40 iieiae?aeieo ia’?aeiaiue. Aiae?c noaooo?a no/anieo
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e aeicaieea ?ic?iaeoe ?o eeaneo?eaoe?th ca
noaoooieie caaaeaiiyie, aeae?eeaoe iie?oe/i?, nioe?aeueii ci???ioiaai?,
i?ioan?eii ni?yiiaai?, aeoiai?, ?ae?a?ei?, iaoeeo?nonuee?, nii?oeai?,
ienoaoeuee?, aeieia?/i? oa ?io? ia’?aeiaiiy. Iacaaaeath/e ia
??ciiiai?oi?noue iai?yie?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy, eiaeia iieiae?aeia
i?aai?caoe?y a a?eueo?e /e iaio?e i??? o nai?e ae?yeueiino? aeei?enoiao?
caniae o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy. Iaoeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui
iiioey?i?noth na?aae /eai?a iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e ei?enoothoueny
?a?ia? aeaee nii?oo, cie?aia oooaie, aieaeaie, aaneaoaie oiui. C
eiaeieie ?ieii na?aae iaoe?iiaeueii iaeaooiaaieo i?aai?caoe?e
iiioey?i?noue iaaoaathoue o?aaeeoe?ei? ia?iaei? ?a?e, caaaae, ?icaaae,
ye? i?iaiaeyoueny i?ae /an ??ciiiai?oieo nayoeoaaiue. Aiie ia
aeiaaathoue iniaeeaeo oiia aeey i?iaaaeaiiy ? aeicaieythoue caae?yoe
cia/io e?euee?noue iieiae?. Cacia/ai? aeaee ?ooiai? aeoeaiino?
i?iaiaeyoueny ye oi?ia aeoeaiiai a?aeii/eieo, oiio ni?yiiaai?noue
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o no/anieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo iiaeia
aecia/eoe ye icaei?ia/i-?icaaaeaeueio.

Oaeei /eiii, o o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e
eoeueoeaoaaeeny caniae oa i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie, ye? a?aeiia?aeaee
iai?yieo ae?yeueiino? oeeo i?aai?caoe?e ? iaee ia iao? ianiaa caeo/aiiy
iieiae? aei /eainoaa a ieo.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? “Iniaeeaino? caiyoue o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii
noa?oieeaniee?a o iicaiaa/aeueiee /an” oeyoii aieaooaaiiy aecia/a?oueny
nooi?iue iioe?aiiy caiyoue o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii na?aae oeiey??a
15-17 ?ie?a oa i?e/eie, eio?? ia oea aieeaathoue. ?acoeueoaoe iieooaaiiy
aeathoue i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui eeoa 19% ?aniiiaeaio?a o a?eueiee
a?ae iaa/aiiy /an a?aea?aeothoue caiyooy o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii
(?en.1).

?en. 1. ??ciiaeaee ae?yeueiino? noa?oieeaniee?a o a?eueiee /an

Oiiai? iicia/aiiy: 1 – ia?aaeyae a?aeai; 2 – i?ineooiaoaaiiy ioceee; 3 –
caiyooy o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii; 4 – a?aea?aeoaaiiy ?icaaaeaeueieo
caoiae?a; 5 – cono??/? c ae?ocyie; 6 – ia?aaeyae
oaeaia?aaea/; 7 – i?iaoeyiee; 8 – /eoaiiy ooaeiaeiuei? e?oa?aoo?e; 9 –
a?aea?aeoaaiiy eaoa, aa??a; 10 — /eoaiiy ia??iaee/ieo aeaeaiue; 11 –
aeneo?n?? ? oo?eci; 12 – aca?oi? ?a?e; 13 – ?ioa.

C ieo ia?aaoey?ii caeiathoueny na?aae i?nueeeo oeiioe?a 15 ?ie?a —
20,2%, 16 ?ie?a — 47,6%, 17 ?ie?a — 51,4% ?aniiiaeaio?a, na?aae ae?a/ao
— a?aeiia?aeii 36,5%, 57,5% ? 63,4% ?aniiiaeaio?a, na?aae n?euenueeeo
oeiioe?a – a?aeiia?aeii 37,1%, 54,7% ? 61,4% ?aniiiaeaio?a, a na?aae
ae?a/ao – a?aeiia?aeii 42,3%, 57,0% ? 60,1% ?aniiiaeaio?a. Na?aae oeo,
ooi a?aea?aeo? caiyooy o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii a iicaiaa/aeueiee /an
nenoaiaoe/ii ia?aaaaeathoue noa?oieeanieee, eio?? caeiathoueny aea?/? ia
oeaeaeaiue (i?nuee? oeiioe? – a?aeiia?aeii 33,7%, 29,4%, 26,1%
?aniiiaeaio?a; ae?a/aoa – a?aeiia?aeii 26,3%, 24,1%, 20,9%
?aniiiaeaio?a; n?euenuee? oeiioe? – a?aeiia?aeii 28,4%, 27,1%, 24,3%
?aniiiaeaio?a; ae?a/aoa – a?aeiia?aeii 19,2%, 19,1%, 18,4% ?aniiiaeaio?a
a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? iieoaieo). C ?ioiai aieo, eeoa 37,9% oeiey??a
caaeiaieai? i?iaaaeaiiyi naiai a?eueiiai /ano. Oea aeaco? ia oa, ui
iaeiei ?c oeyo?a aaeaeaaoiiai oi?ioaaiiy eoeueoo?e aeica?eey
noa?oieeaniee?a iiaea noaoe ?o caeo/aiiy aei caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie.

Na?aae i?e/ei, ye? aeeeeeathoue o oeiey??a ?ioa?an aei
o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? ne?ae a?aei?oeoe iiaeeea?noue
aanaei i?iaanoe /an, iiaeeea?noue aeoiaoaaoe oa?aeoa?, aieth ?
ioaei?noue oa iiaeeea?noue aeiiiaoeny aenieeo nii?oeaieo aeinyaiaiue. A
oie aea /an, c a?eii o oeiioe?a ? ae?a/ao aei caiyoue o?ceoeueoo?ith ?
nii?oii c?inoa? ?ioa?an /a?ac iiaeeea?noue ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith nai??
?icoiiai? i?aoeacaeaoiino?, aaaeaiiy aooe caei?iaei ? neeueiei,
aaaeaiiy aeinyaoe ia?aaaae iaae ?ioeie ?, iaeii/anii, iaioa oaaae
iieiaeue caa?oa? ia iiaeeea?noue aanaei i?iaanoe /an, aeiiiaoeny aenieeo
nii?oeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, iaea?aeaoe aenieo ioe?ieo c o?ceoeueoo?e,
iie?ioeoe aeenoeeie?io ? naiii?aai?caoe?th. Na?aae oeiey??a, ye?
nenoaiaoe/ii a?aea?aeothoue o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeai? caiyooy, ia?aaaaea?
aeaui ?ioa iioeaaoe?y, a naia: iiaeeea?noue iie?aueoe aoaeiao o?ea oa
i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o oeiioe?a /a?ac o?ce/io
i?aeaioiaeo, a o ae?a/ao – aaeineiiaeeoe naith ciai?oi?noue. ?ioeie
iioeaaie, ui niiioeathoue o/i?a aei o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaii?
ae?yeueiino?, ? iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?aiiy eiea nai?o ciaeiieo ?
caa?aaeaiiy oa ci?oeiaiiy caei?ia’y.

Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy o caeo/aii? oeiey??a aei o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaii?
ae?yeueiino? iaeaaeeoue i?iiaaaiae? ??cieo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, ? ia?o ca ana, /a?ac caniae ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??.
E??i oiai, aaaiiee aieea ia caeo/aiiy aei caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie o
oeiioe?a ia? aeoiea ?o iaeiieeaniee?a ? ae?oc?a, a o ae?a/ao – ?o
??aeieo ? aeecueeeo. C ?ioiai aieo, aeyaeaii, ui iaeaaaeeea?oith oiiaith
aieeao ia o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaio aeoeai?noue o/i?a oa ?aae?caoe?th ?o
?ioa?an?a ? aaaeaiiy naiiaeyaeoeny.

Na?aae i?e/ei, ye? a?aeooiaoothoue iieiaeue a?ae
o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaieo caiyoue ne?ae a?aei?oeoe iiaaio i?aai?caoe?th ?
i?iaaaeaiiy caiyoue c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e a oeie?, iniaeeai o aeioneieo
eeanao, iacaaeia?eueia iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy oeeo caiyoue.
E??i oiai, iaeaea iieiaeia n?euenueeeo oeiey??a ? o?aoeia i?nueeeo
oeiey??a ia a?aea?aeothoue iicaoe?euei? caiyooy o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii
/a?ac oa, ui ia ciathoue aea oae? caiyooy i?iaiaeyoueny aai ia iathoue
iiaeeeaino? ?o a?aea?aeoaaoe.

Oa?aeoa?iith iniaeea?noth iieiae?aeiiai ?ooo a Oe?a?i? ? iaaecae/aeii
oe?iea iae?o?a ae?yeueiino? ??cieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e. Iaoa oaaaa
aoaea caa?iaia ia o? anaoe?a?inuee? iieiae?aei? i?aai?caoe??, ye? ?
/enaeueieie ? ia?aaeaa/athoue o nai?o noaoooieo caaaeaiiyo o?ce/ia
aeoiaaiiy ?o /eai?a. Aei oaeeo i?aai?caoe?e ne?ae i?e/eneeoe
I?aai?caoe?th oe?a?inueei? iieiae? “Niaaeueia”, “Ieano – Oe?a?inueeo
Neaoonueeo i?aai?caoe?th”, Ni?eeo i?iia?nueeeo i?aai?caoe?e Oe?a?ie
(NIIO), Ni?eeo Oe?a?inueei? Iieiae? (NOI), Oe?a?inueea
aeeoy/i-thiaoeueea oiaa?enoai “N?/”. Ae?yeuei?noue ia?ae?/aieo
i?aai?caoe?e a?ae?a?a? aaaeeeao ?ieue o iicaoe?eueiiio o?ce/iiio e
iaoe?iiaeueii-iao??ioe/iiio aeoiaaii? oeiey??a. Caeo/aiiy ae?oae aei
oeeo a?iiaaenueeeo ia`?aeiaiue aeicaiey? ii?aeioaaoe ??ciia?/i? ?ioa?ane
iieiae?.

A on?o aeuaia?ae?/aieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo aaaeeeaa i?noea
iin?aea? o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaia ae?yeuei?noue, yea ?aae?co?oueny
ia?aaaaeii o oi?iao, iaaaaeaieo a oaaeeoe? 1. I?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie a
iniiaiiio ni?aiaaeathoue, oi/a /?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny niaoeeo?ea
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a eiaeiiio a?iiaaenueeiio ia`?aeiaii?. Na?aae
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeiioe?ai?oeie a on?o
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo ? oo?enoe/i? iioiaee ? oaai?e. Cacia/ai?
i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie ? i?eaaaeeaeie aeey iieiae?, ine?eueee
ia?aaeaa/athoue naiino?ei?noue ? ?iiaioeeo. Aei ni?eueieo
i?aai?caoe?eieo iniaeeainoae on?o iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e ne?ae
a?aeianoe eoeueoeaoaaiiy oaai??a e?oi?o ? naciiieo, a oaeiae —
noaoe?iia?ieo ? ia?anoaieo. E??i oiai, a ?aieao oaai??a i?iaiaeyoueny
oioiaei? oi?ie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy. ?acii c oei, a ??cieo iieiae?aeieo
i?aai?caoe?yo aeyaeaii i?aai?caoe?ei? a?aei?iiino?. Oae, ii?yae ?c
i?oeie oo?enoe/ieie i?iaoeyieaie ? iaiae??aeaie a “Niaaeuei?” /an a?ae
/ano i?iaiaeyoue iaiae??aee ia aaeaea?eao, a “Ieano?” ? “NOI?”
nenoaiaoe/ii i?iaiaeyoue iaiae??aee ia aaeaea?eao ? aaeineiaaeao, a
“N?/?” – ia eiiyo, a a NIIO – ia aaeaea?eao, aaeineiaaeao ? aaoiiia?eyo.

Oaaeeoey 1

Oi?ie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o no/anieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo

OI?IE O?CE*IIAI AEOIAAIIss

Oo?enoe/i? i?iaoeyiee ? iaiae??aeeI?o?Ia aaeineiaaeaoIa eiiyoIa
aaeaea?eaoIa aaoiiia?eyo

Naeoe?ei? caiyooyAieiaee aiiaeNo?aei? aeaee iaeiiai?noaNii?oeaia
i???iooaaiiyE?iiee nii?oAeuei?i?ci?a?ia? aeaee
nii?ooAoeaoeciOaai?eNoaoe?iia?i?Ia?anoai?O?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/?
caoiaee i?ae /an eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eieo, ?noi?e/ieo oa aea?aeaaieo nayo

Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe i?aai?caoe?ei? iniaeeaino? a i?iaaaeaii? oaai??a. sseui
a NIIO ia?aaaaeathoue oaai?e o noaoe?iia?ii i?enoiniaaieo i?ei?uaiiyo,
oi a ?ioeo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo – oaai?e ia?aaaaeii ia?anoai?, a
ae?oeo – o?eueee ia?anoai?. I/aaeaeii oea iia`ycaii c ??ciei
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iei caaacia/aiiyi i?aai?caoe?e. Oae, eeoa o NIIO ?
aeani? i?ei?uaiiy aeey i?iaaaeaiiy oaai??a. ?io? i?aai?caoe?? i?e
iio?aa? i?aiaeothoue oae? i?ei?uaiiy.

A iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo /?oei i?inoaaeothoueny iniaeeaino?
i?iaaaeaiiy naeoe?eii? ?iaioe. Oae, o “Niaaeuei?” i?iaiaeyoueny caiyooy
c aieiaiai aiiaea ? nii?oeaiiai i???iooaaiiy, a “N?/?” – c eicaoeueeeo
aieiaeo ienoaoeoa ? e?iiiai nii?oo, a ?ioeo i?aai?caoe?yo – c oooaieo,
aieaeaieo, aaneaoaieo oiui.

Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe iniaeeaino? a i?aeoiae? aei ea??aieoeoaa
o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaiith ae?yeuei?noth. sseui a NIIO ? “Ieano?” ??cieie
oi?iaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ea?othoue oao?aoe?, oi a ?ioeo i?aai?caoe?yo
iae/ano?oa oaea ea??aieoeoai cae?eniththoue aeoea?noe i?aai?caoe?e, ye?
ia iathoue iaeaaeii? ina?oe.

Oa?aeoa?iith iaaeaaia?/iith iniaeea?noth o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaii?
ae?yeueiino? iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e ? caeo/aiiy aei o/ano? a ??cieo
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?iao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy /eai?a ??ciiai a?eo. Oaeee
i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? noi?ioaaoe a iieiaeoeo /eai?a i?aai?caoe?? ?ioa?an
aei caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie /a?ac i?eeeaae ?o noa?oeo oiaa?eo?a, ye?
ca?aeii c ?acoeueoaoaie iieooaaiiy, ? aeey ieo a?eueoei aaoi?eoaoii,
i?ae aei?ine?, ? cae?eniththoue ia ieo iiceoeaiee aieea. Ianooiiith
iaaeaaia?/iith iniaeea?noth ? niaoeeo?ea oaiaoe/ii? ni?yiiaaiino?
oaai??a. Aiie aoaathoue a?aeii/eieia?, aeieia?/i?, aoiia?ao?/i?,
aeoe?euei?, ?ino?oeoi?nuee?. Eiaeai /eai i?aai?caoe??, ye i?aaeei,
i?ioiaeeoue oaai?e naia a oae?e iine?aeiaiino?, ui aeicaiaey?, o
a?aeiia?aeiino? aei i?eioeeio iinooiiaino?, /a?ac iiceoeai? a?aaeaiiy
a?ae ?icaaa o a?aeii/eieiaeo oaai?ao caeo/aoe thiaea /e ae?a/eio aei
oe?eaai? ianeeaaeii? aeine?aeieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? a aeieia?/ieo,
aoiia?ao?/ieo oa ?ioeo oaai?ao, a aeae? aei a?eueo neeaaei?oi? ?
a?aeiia?aeaeuei?oi? ae?yeueiino? o aeoe?eueieo oa ?ino?oeoi?nueeeo
oaai?ao. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? aeoiaoaaoe o iieiae? aeoeai?noue,
naiino?ei?noue, a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue oiui. A oie aea /an, a ??cieo
a?iiaaenueeeo ia`?aeiaiiyo niinoa??aa?oueny ??cia ni?yiiaai?noue
aeine?aeieoeueeeo oaai??a oa oo?enoe/ieo i?iaoeyiie ? iaiae??aie. Oae, a
NIIO cacia/ai? i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie iathoue, a iniiaiiio, aeieia?/io oa
?ioa?iaoe?iiaeueio ni?yiiaai?noue, a oie /an ye a ?ioeo i?aai?caoe?yo
aeii?iothoue iaoe?iiaeueii-iao??ioe/ia oa eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eia
ni?yiiaai?noue.

Aaaeeeaith iaaeaaia?/iith iniaeea?noth aenooia? i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ?aeaieia?/iei canaaeai
iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e. Oae, “Niaaeueia”, “Ieano”, NOI i?iaiaeyoue
o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/? caoiaee, a ?aieao ?ae?a?eieo oa ?noi?e/ieo nayo
? ??aeoa – a ?aieao aea?aeaaieo nayo, “N?/” a a?eueo?e i???
i???ioo?oueny ia ?noi?e/i? ? a iaio?e i??? – ia ?ae?a?ei? oa aea?aeaai?
nayoa, a NIIO – ia aea?aeaai? oa ?noi?e/i? nayoa ? ia aa?a o/anoue a
?ae?a?eieo nayoeoaaiiyo. E??i oiai, ??ci? iieiae?aei? i?aai?caoe??
i?iaiaeyoue o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/? caoiaee i?ae /an ??cieo ?noi?e/ieo
aeao.

Oaeei /eiii, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy a iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo
a?aecia/a?oueny nai?th niaoeeo?/i?noth, ui i?iyaey?oueny o ?aae?caoe??
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i ??cii? ni?yiiaaiino?, cie?aia, ?icaaaeaeueieo,
?ae?aaoeaieo, i?ciaaaeueieo, nii?oeaii-o?aioaaeueieo. Oea aeicaiey?
caeo/eoe an?o /eai?a i?aai?caoe?? aei caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie,
a?aoiaoth/e aaaeaiiy eiaeiiai c ieo. A oie aea /an, iiaaia
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy oa iaaeinoaoi?noue eaae?o?eiaaieo
eaae??a ia?aoeiaeaeathoue iieiae? a?aoe aeoeaio o/anoue a ??cieo
i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?iao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe iieooaaiiy oeiey??a, ye? ? /eaiaie iieiae?aeieo
i?aai?caoe?e, oae ? oeo, ye? ia iaeaaeaoue aei ieo, a oaeiae,
aeuacacia/ai? i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? iniaeeaino?
o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e,
iaaiaeyoue ia aeoieo, ui aeey iie?auaiiy i?ioeano o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a
oeeo a?iiaaenueeeo ia`?aeiaiiyo iaiao?aeii aianoe ?yae ci?i. Iaeia?oa,
a?eueoa oaaae ne?ae cina?aaeeoe ia oi?ioaaiiy o iieiae? iioeaaoe?? aei
nenoaiaoe/ieo caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie. Ca?aeii ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaeaaaii?oeie iioeaaie, ye? niiioeathoue oeiey??a aei
caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie, ? iiaeeea?noue aanaei i?iaanoe /an a eie?
iaeiie?oe?a, iie?aueoe naith o?ce/io i?aeaioiaeai?noue oa i?iyaeoe naaa,
?aae?coaaoe na?e iioaioe?ae. Oiio iaiao?aeii cai?iiiioaaoe oeiey?ai oae?
i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, ye? a caaeiaieueiyee cacia/ai?
aeiiae.

Ine?eueee naeoe?eio ?iaioo a “Niaaeuei?” i?iaiaeyoue aeoea?noe
iieiae?aeii? i?aai?caoe??, ye? ia iathoue niaoe?aeueii? ina?oe, aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy ?o oaoiaiai ??aiy aoee i?iaaaeaii? nai?ia?e, ye? aeeth/aee a
naaa oai?aoe/i? ? i?aeoe/i? caiyooy. I?ia?aia eiaeiiai nai?ia?o
ia?aaeaa/aea 6 eaeoe?e ? 3 i?aeoe/i? caiyooy. Oaie eaeoe?e
a?ae??ciyeeny ca ni?yiiaai?noth ? ia?aaeaa/aee aeeeaae iaoa??aeo, ui
iaiao?aeiee aeey eaae?o?eiaaiiai i?iaaaeaiiy oo?enoe/ieo iioiae?a,
naeoe?eieo caiyoue, oaai??a, o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a.

Aeey i?aeaeuaiiy ?ioa?ano aei o?ceoeueoo?i-icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a a ?aieao
nayoeoaaiue aoee ?ic?iaeai? noeaia??? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iecee
iieiae?aeieo eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eieo nayo, a naia: a ia?aaeaeaiue Aiae??y
(12 a?oaeiy), ia Iiaee ??e, ia Aaeeeaeaiue, ia Eoiaea. A iniiao oeeo
nayo aoei iieeaaeaii ??ci? aeaee ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? (a?a, no?eaee,
iaoaiiy oiui), ye? i?aai?/ii iia`ycai? c oei /e ?ioei nayoii ? iienai? a
??cieo aoiia?ao?/ieo aeaea?aeao.

Aa?o/e aei oaaae oa, ui iieiaeue ooea? iia? ciaeiinoaa, a oaeiae i?aaia
i?iyaeoe naaa, aoei i?aai?ciaaii ? i?iaaaeaii nooaeaionueeee nii?oeaiee
oanoeaaeue, yeee c /anii iaaoa noaoono Anaoe?a?inueeiai. I?ia?aia
oanoeaaeth ia?aaeaa/a? ciaaaiiy na?aae aiaoi??a c aeaa`yoe aeae?a nii?oo
(eaaea aoeaoeea, i?i?-oooaie, aieaeaie, aaneaoaie, aaaei?ioii,
iano?eueiee oai?n, oaoe, a?i?ane?ia oa nii?oeaia i???iooaaiiy), iaoeiao
eiioa?aioe?th “Aeooaeuei? i?iaeaie iieiae? oa oeyoe ae??oaiiy”,
ienoaoeuee? aenoaaee, caien oaeaia?aaea/? euea?anueeiai oaeaaa/aiiy
“Aoaeeoi??y”, i?enay/aii? oai? oanoeaaeth, e?oae? noiee, aa/i?e
a?aeii/eieo. Aei o/ano? o oanoeaae? cai?iooaaeeny nooaeaioe aeueo
caeeaae?a ina?oe I-IV ??ai?a ae?aaeeoaoe?? oa oeiey?? noa?oeo eean?a.
Iniaeeaee noaoon iaee i?aaenoaaieee iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e. Oaeei
/eiii, aeuaiienai? caoiaee aoee ai?iaaaeaeai? o o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaio
?iaioo IOI “Niaaeueia”, aecia/eaoe ci?no iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo.

Ai?iaeiaae aenia?eiaioo o?e/? aecia/aany ??aaiue o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo
(?O?) ? o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? (?OI) noa?oieeaniee?a AA ? EA. Ia
ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo o noa?oieeaniee?a AA ? EA, ye o oeiioe?a, oae ? o
ae?a/ao, i?ae iieacieeaie c?inoo, aaae ? ianyao a?oaeii? ee?oee (IAE),
ye? a?aeiia?aeaee na?aaeiueiio ?O?, aaeeeeo ?ica?aeiinoae ia aeyaeaii. A
e?ioe? aenia?eiaioo o oeiioe?a AA ia a?aei?io a?ae iaeiie?oe?a EA
aeyaeaii e?au? iieacieee c?inoo oa IAE, ye? a?aeiia?aeaee aeuiio ca
na?aaei?e ?O?. O ae?a/ao AA a ii??aiyii? c ae?a/aoaie EA a e?ioe?
aenia?eiaioo ca?eueoeeany ??cieoey i?ae iieacieeaie IAE, iaoii?noue o
ae?a/ao EA ca?eueoeeeny iieacieee iane o?ea, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue
iaaei??io aaao. A e?ioe? aenia?eiaioo aenieee ?O? cao?eniaaii o 14,1%
oeiioe?a ? 18,8% ae?a/ao AA oa a 9,3% oeiioe?a ? 12,5% ae?a/ao EA,
aeuee ca na?aaei?e ?O? – o a?aeiia?aeii 37,5%, 25,0% oa 28,7%, 25,0%
noa?oieeaniee?a, na?aaei?e – o a?aeiia?aeii 34,3%, 33,3% oa 43,6%, 35,8%
noa?oieeaniee?a. Ioaea, a e?ioe? aenia?eiaioo ca?eueoeeany e?euee?noue
noa?oieeaniee?a AA, ye? iathoue aeuee ca na?aaei?e ?O?, a oie /an ye a
EA nooo?aeo ci?i ia a?aeaoeiny. Ana oea aeaco? ia oa, ui cai?iiiiiaai?
iaie i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey iie?auaiiy
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaii? /eai?a IOI “Niaaeueia” iiceoeaii aieeioee ia
o?ce/iee ?icaeoie noa?oieeaniee?a.

Ai?iaeiaae o?ueio ?ie?a aeey aeyaeaiiy oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo
yeinoae oeiey??a aecia/aany ??aaiue ?o o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, yeee
ioe?ithaaany ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaiiy o?ce/ieo ai?aa, ui aeeth/ai? o
Aea?aeaai? oanoe. ?acoeueoaoe iiaeai? a oaaeeoe? 2.

Ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo na?aaei? iieacieee on?o aeae?a aei?iaoaaiue o
noa?oieeaniee?a AA ye o oeiioe?a, oae ? o ae?a/ao, ia?aaaaeaee na?aaei?
iieacieee noa?oieeaniee?a EA. Iaeiae, c eiaeiei ?ieii ca?eueooaaeany
??cieoey i?ae na?aaei?ie ?acoeueoaoaie aei?iaoaaiue o oeiey??a AA ? EA.
Iniaeeai c?inea ??cieoey o oeiioe?a i?ae ?acoeueoaoaie caeiaiiy ?
?icaeiaiiy ?oe a oii?? eaaea/e ia i?aeeic? (2,8% ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo
? 9,4% a e?ioe? aenia?eiaioo), i?aei?iaiiy a n?ae ca 1 oa. (3,1% ? 8,9%
a?aeiia?aeii), no?eaea a aeiaaeeio c i?noey (0,8% ? 6,5 a?aeiia?aeii) oa
iaoeeo ooeoaa aia?aae c iieiaeaiiy neaey/e (5,3% ? 13,8% a?aeiia?aeii),
a a ae?a/ao i?ae ?acoeueoaoaie caeiaiiy ? ?icaeiaiiy ?oe a oii?? eaaea/e
ia i?aeeic? (8,3% ? 15,1% a?aeiia?aeii), i?aei?iaiiy a n?ae ca 1 oa.
(7,6% ? 13,4% a?aeiia?aeii) ? iaoeeo ooeoaa aia?aae c iieiaeaiiy
neaey/e (2,5% ? 8,4% a?aeiia?aeii). Ioaea, iino?eia o/anoue o
cai?iiiiiaaieo iaie i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?iao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ni?eyea
nooo?aiio ?icaeoeo (p<0,05) o noa?oieeaniee?a AA neeiai? aeo?eaaeino? oa aio/eino?. Ioe?iea ?OI oeiey??a ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a oanooaaiiy iieacaea, ui ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo a AA aoea iaeaea iaeiaeiaa e?euee?noue oeiioe?a c a?aei?iieie (26,5%), aeia?eie (28,1%) ? caaeia?eueieie (21,9%) ?acoeueoaie, a a EA oeiioe?a ?c caaeia?eueieie ?acoeueoaoaie aoei iaeaea aaea?/? a?eueoa (37,9%), i?ae oeiioe?a c a?aei?iieie ? aeia?eie ?acoeueoaie (17,2% ? 17,2% a?aeiia?aeii). Ia e?iaoeue aenia?eiaioo a AA cia/ii ca?eueoeeany e?euee?noue oeiioe?a, ye? iieacaee aenieee ?OI (48,4%) oa aeuee ca na?aaei?e ?OI (32,8%) ? ciaioeeany e?euee?noue oeiioe?a, ye? iieacaee na?aaei?e, ieae/ee ca na?aaei?e ? iecueiee ?OI (a?aeiia?aeii 12,5%, 4,7% ? 1,6%). O oeiioe?a EA oaeiae niinoa??aaeiny c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? thiae?a, ?OI yeeo iiaeia ioe?ieoe ye aenieee (21,8%) oa aeuee ca na?aaei?e (18,6%), iaeiae oeae i?e??no ? cia/ii iaioei (p<0,05), i?ae a AA. Ne?ae oaeiae a?aei?oeoe, ui a EA ciaioeeany e?euee?noue thiae?a, ye? iieacaee na?aaei?e ? ieae/ee ca na?aaei?e ?OI (a?aeiia?aeii 34,5% ? 14,9%) oa ca?eueoeeany e?euee?noue thiae?a c iecueiei ?OI (10,4%). Oaaeeoey 2 ?acoeueoaoe oanooaaiue ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? noa?oieeaniee?a A?e, Aeaee Oeiioe? Ae?a/aoa ?ieeaei?iaoaaiue AA(n=64)EA(n=87) AA(n=48)EA(n=56)a?a ia 1500i,oa,n6.12±1.316.37±1.437.43±1.577.58±1.49caei./?icaei. ?oe a oii?? eaae.ia i?aee., ?ac?a29.3±5.4128.5±5.5711.7±4.1710.8±4.13i?aei?iaiiy a n?ae ca 1 oa, ?ac?a39.4±7.9338.2±7.8136.8±7.5734.2±7.5215no?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noey, ni210.1±26.2208.4±25.9171.1±24.9169.3±25.2a?a ia 60 i, n8.8±0.919.1±0.879.7±0.989.9±0.93/iaieeiaee a?a 4x9i, n10.2±1.1310.4±1.1711.6±1.2111.9±1.32iaoee ooeoaa aia?aae c iieiae. neaey/e, ni13.8±3.813.1±3.616.3±3.415.9±3.1a?a ia 2000i(ae), 3000i (o)oa,n12.54±2.4913.51±2.5711.12±1.4911.42±2.13caei./?icaei. ?oe a oii?? eaae.ia i?aee., ?ac?a32.8±5.8331.2±5.6313.8±4.2412.4±4.87i?aei?iaiiy a n?ae ca 1 oa, ?ac?a42.7±8.4240.7±8.5839.8±8.1736.3±8.2116no?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noey, ni225.1±27.8218.2±29.4184.7±26.3180.2±27.4a?a ia 60 i, n14.1±1.2314.6±1.3116.1±1.4716.5±1.43/iaieeiaee a?a 4x9i, n9.7±1.2810.1±1.4411.3±1.5811.8±2.07iaoee ooeoaa aia?aae c iieiae. neaey/e, ni14.6±4.113.2±3.117.9±3.717.1±5.4a?a ia 2000i(ae), 3000i (o),oa,n12.43±2.1113.45±2.3710.37±1.4311.21±1.58caei./?icaei. ?oe a oii?? eaae.ia i?aee., ?ac?a37.4±7.6734.2±7.3418.2±4.5115.8±4.68i?aei?iaiiy a n?ae ca 1 oa, ?ac?a46.3±9.0342.5±8.4342.3±8.5737.3±8.3317no?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noey, ni247.8±32.1232.6±34.8193.4±27.3184.1±28.4a?a ia 60 i, n13.6±1.1514.1±1.3115.2±1.5715.7±2.11/iaieeiaee a?a 4x9i, n9.1±1.069.6±1.1310.2±1.3110.9±1.38iaoee ooeoaa aia?aae c iieiae. neaey/e, ni15.7±4.213.8±3.818.9±4.917.3±5.3 Ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo aenieee ?OI iaee 18,8% ae?a/ao AA ? 17,9% ae?a/ao EA, aeuee ca na?aaei?e – a?aeiia?aeii 27,1% ? 21,4% ae?a/ao, a na?aaei?e - a?aeiia?aeii 33,3% ? 37,5% ae?a/ao. Ioaea, a AA a ii??aiyii? c EA aoei a?eueoa ae?a/ao c aenieei ? aeuei ca na?aaei?e ?OI ? iaioa – c na?aaei?i ?OI, aea ??cieoey a iaio aeiaaeeao ia aoea nooo?aith. Ia e?iaoeue aenia?eiaioo a AA, ye ? a oeiioe?a, cia/ii ca?eueoeeany e?euee?noue ae?a/ao, ye? iieacaee aenieee ?OI (47,9%) ? aeuee ca na?aaei?e ?OI (29,1%) ? ciaioeeany e?euee?noue ae?a/ao, ye? iieacaee na?aaei?e, ieae/ee ca na?aaei?e ? iecueeee ?OI (a?aeiia?aeii 16,7%, 4,2% ? 2,1%). O EA niinoa??aaeiny ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? ae?a/ao, ?OI yeeo iiaeia ioe?ieoe ye aenieee (21,4%), ia ci?ieeany e?euee?noue ae?a/ao c aeuei ca na?aaei?e, na?aaei?i ? iecueiei ?OI oa ciaioeeany e?euee?noue ae?a/ao, ye? iieacaee ieae/ee ca na?aaei?e ?OI (10,4%). Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui a?eueo?noue oeiioe?a (48,4%) ? ae?a/ao (47,9%) AA iathoue aenieee ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, a a?eueo?noue oeiioe?a (34,5%) ? ae?a/ao (37,5%)EA iathoue na?aaei?e ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?. Ana oea aeaco? ia oa, ui cai?iiiiiaai? iaie i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? nooo?ai aieeioee ia ?OI noa?oieeaniee?a AA, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?o aoaeoeai?noue. A e?ioe? aenia?eiaioo oaeiae aoei i?iaaaeaii iieooaaiiy /eai?a “Niaaeueie”, yea iaei ia iao? c?a?aoe ?oi? a?aaeaiiy i?i o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaio ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?caoe??. Iieooaaiiy iieacaei, ui, yeui ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo aeoeaio o/anoue a i?aai?caoe?? ? i?iaaaeaii? o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a a ?aieao eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eieo nayoeoaaiue ia Aiae??y, Iiaee ??e, Aaeeeaeaiue ? Eoiaea a?aei eeoa 20-23 /ieia?ea, oi ia e?iaoeue aenia?eiaioo ?o e?euee?noue c?inea aei 80-90 /ieia?e. E?euee?noue oeiioe?a ? ae?a/ao, ye? nenoaiaoe/ii a?aea?aeoaaee caiyooy a naeoe?yo c aeaeo nii?oo ca?eueoeeany ia e?iaoeue aenia?eiaioo c 34 aei 72 /ieia?e. A aea?? oe?eaaeo ia?o?oo?a aeey oo?enoe/ieo iioiae?a ? iaiiaiaiiy ?o ?a?aie, caaaaaie ? ?icaaaaie ni?eyei oiio, ui ia e?iaoeue aenia?eiaioo e?euee?noue oeiioe?a ? ae?a/ao, ye? iino?eii a?aee a ieo o/anoue noaiiaeea 44-48 /ieia?e a ii??aiyii? c 15-18 /ieia?eaie ia ii/aoeo aenia?eiaioo. sseui i?ae /an nooaeaionueeiai nii?oeaiiai oanoeaaeth a 1995 ?ioe? o ciaaaiiy c ??cieo aeae?a nii?oo acyei o/anoue aeecueei 700 /ieia?e, a a 1996 ?ioe? aeecueei 1000 /ieia?e, oi a 1998 ?ioe? /enei o/aniee?a c?inei aei 2000 /ieia?e, na?aae yeeo aoei 447 i?aaenoaaiee?a 35 iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e c 16 iaeanoae Oe?a?ie. E??i oiai, anoaiiaeaii, ui aei o/ano? o iieiae?aeieo nayoeoaaiiyo /eaie IOI “Niaaeueia” cai?iooaaee nai?o iaeiieeaniee?a oa oiaa?eo?a, ye? ia aoee /eaiaie i?aai?caoe??. ? naia i?ney oeeo o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a oeiioe? ? ae?a/aoa aeyaeyee aaaeaiiy aeieeaaei?oa iciaeiieoeny c ae?yeuei?noth iieiae?aeii? i?aai?caoe?? ? noaaaee ?? /eaiaie. Oaeei /eiii, cai?iiiiiaai? i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, a yeeo a?aoiaaii iioeae, ui aeeeeeaee ?ioa?an noa?oieeaniee?a aei caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie, aeicaieeee caeo/eoe aaeeeo e?euee?noue iieiae? aei o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaieo caoiae?a, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?o aoaeoeai?noue. O i’yoiio ?icae?e? “Aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy” aeeeaaeai? a aeena?oaoe?? ?acoeueoaoe iiae?eaii ia o?e a?oie aeaieo: i?aeoaa?aeaeoth/?; aeai?, ui aeiiiaiththoue ?nioth/? ?ic?iaee; oa aaniethoii iia? c aea?aii? i?iaeaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiyi i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeai? A.In?i/oea (1993), ui caniae ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe?? a?ae?a?athoue aaaeeeao ?ieue o caeo/aii? oeiey??a aei caiyoue o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeai? A.Naeuei?eiai? (1968) i?i oaiaeaioe?th i?e?inoo aeiaaeeie o?ea ? c?inoo o oeiey??a 15-17 ?ie?a oa aae?aei?noue, ?ic?iaeaieo A.Iaaeeeueei ? I.Oeeai?ianueeei (1974), ioe?ieiaeo oaaeeoeue ??aiy o?ce/iiai ?icaeoeo. I?aeoaa?aeaeaii aoaeoeai?noue iaoiaeee ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo yeinoae o noa?oieeaniee?a, cai?iiiiiaaieo E.Aieeiaei (1980) oa A.Aaeaaoiaiii (1991). Aei ae?oai? a?oie iaeaaeaoue aeai? i?i noaiiaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo canaae o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a oe?a?inueeeo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo. A iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo?? (?.I?enooia,1995; I.Aaoeaaa,1996; A.O?ioei’ye,1987) aecia/a-thoueny iniaeeaino? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo a ??ci? ?noi?e/i? ia??iaee. Iaie c?iaeaii aiae?c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo, ye? ooieoe?iioaaee a?ae iaeaeaai?oeo /an?a aei nueiaiaeaiiy. E??i oiai, iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui o 15-??/ieo oeiey??a, ye? i?iaeeaathoue o i?no? i?e??no aaae ca aeaa ?iee a?eueoee, i?ae o ?o n?euenueeeo iaeiie?oe?a, o oeiioe?a ia 3-4ea,a o ae?a/ao – ia 2-3 ea. Aaniethoii iiaeie ? aeai? i?i iniaeeaino? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a no/anieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo Oe?a?ie. Iaie aecia/aii iioeaaoe?ei? /eiieee, ye? aieeaathoue ia caeo/aiiy noa?oieeaniee?a aei caiyoue o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii a iicaiaa/aeueiee /an, ?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o no/anieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo AENIIAEE 1. O no/anieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy c iieiaeaeth ??cieo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a iicaiaa/aeueiee /an, ?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ui iioei?cothoue ?o i?iaaaeaiiy /a?ac aaeaeaaoi?noue i?aeai?o iaaaioaaeaiiy oa aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a eiio?ieth ca o?aioaaeueiei i?ioeanii, ?ic?iaeai? oa ai?iaiaai? aaeaeaaoi? iaoiaeeee ?icaeoeo o?ce/ieo yeinoae aeey o/i?a-noa?oieeaniee?a. ?acii c oei, caeeoa?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiith iioeaaoe?y aei caiyoue o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii, ia i?iaiaeeeiny aeine?aeaeaiue i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o no/anieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo. 2. O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy aenooiaei iaa?ae’?iiith neeaaeiaith ae?yeueiino? oe?a?inueeeo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e ? a?ae??ciyeiny nai?th ni?yiiaai?noth ia ??cieo ?noi?e/ieo aoaiao. A iieiae?aeieo ia’?aeiaiiyo, ui ?nioaaee a ia??iae Ee?anueei? ?on? ? eica//eie ni?yiiaai?noue o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aoea ia?aaaaeii a?enueeiaith, a a?aonueeeo oeieao – i?ina?oieoeueeith, a iaoe?iiaeueii-iao??ioe/ieo oiaa?enoaao e?ioey O?O - ii/aoeo OO noie?oue – nii?oeaii-i?eeeaaeiith, a i?ci?oa – a?enueeiai-i?eeeaaeiith, a i?iia?nueei-eiiniiieuenueeeo i?aai?caoe?yo ?aaeyinueeiai ia??iaeo – nii?oeaii-ianiaith, o aeoiaieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo ia??iaeo iacaeaaeiino? Oe?a?ie – icaei?ia/i-?icaaaeaeueiith. O o?ce/iiio aeoiaaii? iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e eoeueoeaoaaeeny caniae oa i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie, ye? a?aeiia?aeaee iai?yieo ae?yeueiino? oeeo i?aai?caoe?e ? iaee ia iao? ianiaa caeo/aiiy iieiae? aei /eainoaa a ieo. 3. Iaoeie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui eeoa 37,9% noa?oieeaniee?a caaeiaieai? i?iaaaeaiiyi naiai a?eueiiai /ano. A oie aea /an, o?eueee 19% oeiey??a a?aea?aeothoue caiyooy c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo a iicaiaa/aeueiee /an. C ieo, aeecueei 20% o/i?a caeiathoueny nenoaiaoe/ii a?ae o?ueio aei i`yoe ?ac?a ia oeaeaeaiue, a?eueoa 30% o/i?a - nenoaiaoe/ii aeaa ?ace ia oeaeaeaiue, a 50% o/i?a – ianenoaiaoe/ii. Ioaea, caiyooy o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii iaaeinoaoiuei iioe?ai? na?aae noa?oieeaniee?a. 4. Aoaeoeai?noue caeo/aiiy noa?oieeaniee?a aei caiyoue o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii o iicaiaa/aeueiee /an caeaaeeoue a?ae a?aooaaiiy iioea?a, ui oi?iothoue o oeiey??a ?ioa?an aei o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino?, i?aeo?eiea c aieo iaeiieeaniee?a, ae?oc?a ? ??aeieo, i?iiaaaiaea oi?i o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy /a?ac caniae ianiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. Iioeae, ui oi?iothoue o oeiey??a ?ioa?an aei o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaii? ae?yeueiino? c a?eii ci?iththoueny. O 15-??/ieo oeiey??a iniiaieie iioeaaie ? aiioe?eia caaeiaieaiiy, iiaeeea?noue aeoiaaoe aieueia? yeino? oa aeinyaiooe nii?oeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, a o 17-??/ieo oeiey??a - i?aeaeueoe ?icoiiao i?aoeacaeaoi?noue, ci?oeieoe caei?ia`y. ?ioa?an oeiey??a, ye? nenoaiaoe/ii a?aea?aeothoue o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeai? caiyooy, i?aeo?eio?oueny /a?ac iiaeeea?noue iie?aueoe aoaeiao o?ea, i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, ?icoe?eoe eiei ciaeiieo, caa?aaoe oa ci?oeieoe caei?ia’y. A?aeooiaoothoue iieiaeue a?ae o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaieo caiyoue: iiaaia i?aai?caoe?y ? i?iaaaeaiiy caiyoue c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e a oeie?, iniaeeai o aeioneieo eeanao, iacaaeia?eueia iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy oeeo caiyoue, iiaaia ii?ioi?iiaai?noue i?i caiyooy o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie a iicao?i/iee /an, iac?o/i? /an ? i?noea i?iaaaeaiiy oeeo caiyoue. 5. O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy a iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo cae?enith?oueny /a?ac ianooii? i?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie: oo?enoe/i? i?iaoeyiee ? iioiaee, oaai?e, naeoe?? c aeaeo nii?oo, o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/? caoiaee a ?aieao eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eieo, ?noi?e/ieo ? aea?aeaaieo nayo. Oo?enoe/i? iioiaee cae?eniththoueny i?oi, ia aaeaea?eao, aaeineiaaeao, eiiyo, aaoiiia?eyo. Ai?iaeiaae ?ieo i?iaiaeyoueny oaai?e, ye? ca /anii i?iaaaeaiiy ? caaaeaiiyie iiae?eythoueny ia e?oi? ? naciii?, a ca oa?aeoa?ii i?iaaaeaiiy – ia noaoe?iia?i? ? ia?anoai?. A ??cieo i?aai?caoe?yo ooieoe?iiothoue naeoe?? aeuei?i?cio, aieiaiai aiiaea, nii?oeaiiai i???iooaaiiy, eicaoeueeeo aieiaeo ienoaoeoa, e?iiiai nii?oo, oooaieo, aieaeaieo, aaneaoaieo, oao?a oiui. I?aai?caoe?ei? oi?ie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo a?aecia/athoueny ??ciiiai?oi?noth, yea caeaaeeoue a?ae ni?yiiaaiino? ?o ae?yeueiino? oa iaoa??aeueieo iiaeeeainoae. 6. O?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaia ?iaioa a iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo i?iaiaeeoueny ?c a?aooaaiiyi a?eiaeo iniaeeainoae ?o /eai?a, a oaeiae ?aeaieia?/ieo canaae i?aai?caoe?e. A caeaaeiino? a?ae a?eo /eaie iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e iiaeooue aenooiaoe ye ia`?eoii, oae ? noa`?eoii, iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano a ??cieo oi?iao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, cie?aia, o a?aeii/eieiaeo, aeieia?/ieo, aoiia?ao?/ieo, aeoe?eueieo oa ?ino?oeoi?nueeeo oaai?ao, ci?no yeeo a?ae??ciy?oueny nai?th iaaeaaia?/iith ni?yiiaai?noth. A caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aeaieia?/ieo canaae iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e ?niothoue a?aei?iiino? o i?iaaaeaii? ?o /eaiaie o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/eo caoiae?a a ?aieao ??cieo eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eieo, ?noi?e/ieo oa aea?aeaaieo nayo. 7. A e?ioe? iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o noa?oieeaniee?a aenia?eiaioaeueii? a?oie noaa aeuei ca na?aaei?e, a o noa?oieeaniee?a eiio?ieueii? a?oie – caeeoeany na?aaei?e. A aenia?eiaioaeuei?e a?oi? 48,4% oeiioe?a ? 47,9% ae?a/ao iieacaee aenieee, 32,8% oeiioe?a ? 29,1% ae?a/ao – aeuee ca na?aaei?e, a 12,5% oeiioe?a ? 16,7% ae?a/ao – na?aaei?e ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?. A eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? 21,8% oeiioe?a ? 21,4% ae?a/ao iieacaee aenieee, 18,6% oeiioe?a ? 21,4% ae?a/ao – aeuee ca na?aaei?e, a 34,5% oeiioe?a ? 37,5% ae?a/ao – na?aaei?e ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ii i?iaaaeaiith nai?ia??a aeey ?ino?oeoi??a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo, eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eieo nayo, nooaeaionueeiai nii?oeaiiai oanoeaaeth. 8. E?euee?noue noa?oieeaniee?a, ye? a?aee aeoeaio o/anoue a ??cieo i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?iao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a e?ioe? aenia?eiaioo nooo?ai ca?eueoeeany (p<0,05). E?euee?noue oeiioe?a ? ae?a/ao, ye? nenoaiaoe/ii a?aea?aeoaaee caiyooy a naeoe?yo c aeaeo nii?oo ca?eueoeeany c 34 aei 72 /ieia?e, ye? iino?eii a?aee o/anoue a oo?enoe/ieo iioiaeao – c 15-18 aei 48 /ieia?e, ye? a?aee aeoeaio o/anoue o o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/eo caoiaeao a ?aieao eoeueoo?ii-?ae?a?eieo nayoeoaaiue – c 20-23 aei 90 /ieia?e. sseui a 1995 ?ioe? a ?iaio? nooaeaionueeiai nii?oeaiiai oanoeaaeth acyei o/anoue 700 /ieia?e, oi a 1998 ?ioe? – 2000 /ieia?e, na?aae yeeo aoei 447 i?aaenoaaiee?a 35 iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e c 16 iaeanoae Oe?a?ie. Cai?iiiiiaai? i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, a yeeo a?aoiaaii iioeae, ui aeeeeeaee ?ioa?an noa?oieeaniee?a aei caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie, aeicaieeee caeo/eoe aaeeeo e?euee?noue iieiae? aei o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaieo caoiae?a, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ?o aoaeoeai?noue. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Ia?oei I.I. Nooi?iue iioe?aiiy caiyoue o?ceoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii na?aae o/i?a-noa?oieeaniee?a// Iaaeaaia?ea, ineoieia?y oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo: Ca. iaoe. i?. i?ae ?aae.??iaeiaa N.N.. – Oa?e?a: OOI?, 1998.- ?12.- N. 5-9. 2. Ia?oei I.I. Aei ieoaiiy aaiace oe?a?inueeiai iieiae?aeiiai ?ooo oa i?noey o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a iueiio// Iaaeaaia?ea, ineoieia?y oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo: Ca. iaoe. i?. i?ae ?aae.??iaeiaa N.N..– Oa?e?a: OOI?, 1999.- ?2.- N. 9-12. 3. Ia?oei I. Oi?ioaaiiy iioeaaoe?? oa ?ioa?ano aei o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaii? aeoeaiino? o/i?a // Iaaeaaia?ea, ineoieia?y oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo: Ca. iaoe. i?. i?ae ?aae.??iaeiaa N.N..– Oa?e?a: OOI?, 1999.- ?12.- N. 30-32. 4. Iaco? E.I., Ia?oei I.I. O?einio?y aeeooy e ?aeaieia?y oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai o?eiaeoiaaiiy// O?aaeeoe?? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e a Oe?a?i?: Ca. iaoe. noaoae.- E.: ?CII, 1997.- N. 199-208. 5. Ia?oei I.I. No/ania aeoiaaiiy ae?oae o iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo caniaaie o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e// Iieiae?aeiee ?oo Oe?a?ie: Ca. iaoa??ae?a.- E.: IAO “Nooaeoeaio?”/I?EA-Oeaio?, 1998.- N. 99-102. 6. Ia?oei I.I. Iaoiaee aeoiaaiiy ae?oae caniaaie o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e a iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo// Iaoeia? caienee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Na??y 3: Iaaeaaia?ea ? ineoieia?y.- ?5.-1998.-N.143-145. 7. Ia?oei I.I. I?ia?aiii-iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo// Iaoa??aee ia?oi? Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? ani??aio?a aaeoc? o?ce/ia eoeueoo?a ? nii?oo ”Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea Oe?a?ie”.-Euea?a: EAe?OE, 1997.-N.75-76. 8. Ia?oei I.I. Nooaeaionueeee nii?oeaiee oanoeaaeue ye oi?ia iicao?i/iiai o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy // Iaoa??aee ae?oai? Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe?? ani??aio?a ”Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea Oe?a?ie”.-*.2.-Euea?a: EAe?OE, 1998.-N.227-228. 9. Iaco? E., Ia?oei I. Iieiae?aeia iie?oeea aea?aeaae a oiiaao iaoe?iiaeueiiai a?ae?iaeaeaiiy oa ?icaeoie iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?e iao??ioe/iiai ni?yioaaiiy// Iieiae?aei? i?iaeaie a Oe?a?i?: noai oa oeyoe ae??oaiiy: Ca. iaoe.-iaoiae. noaoae.-Euea?a: EAe?OE, 1997.-N.115-128. 10. Iaco? E., Ia?oei I. O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a ? nii?o ye can?a nioe?ae?caoe?? iniaenoino?// Iieiae?aei? i?iaeaie a Oe?a?i?: noai oa oeyoe ae??oaiiy: Ca. iaoe.-iaoiae. noaoae.-Euea?a: EAe?OE, 1997.-N.128-134. 11. Iaco? E., Ia?oei I. O?einio?y aeeooy ye iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiaa iaoe?iiaeueiiai o?eiaeoiaaiiy// Iaoa??aee Anaoe?a?inueei? ioeiai? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii? 50-??//th EAe?OE “Ina?oa a aaeoc? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e: noai, i?iaeaie, ia?niaeoeae” 9-11 aeiaoiy 1996 ?.-*.1.-Euea?a: EAe?OE, 1996.-N.57-60. 12. Ia?oui I.I. Iieiae?aeiua i?aaiecaoeee, eae oi?ia aiaoeieueiiai oece/aneiai ainieoaiey// Iaoa?eaeu II ?aaeiiaeueiie iao/ii-i?aeoe/aneie eiioa?aioeee “Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oi?i e iaoiaeia oece/aneiai ainieoaiey o/aueony iauaia?aciaaoaeueiuo oeie”.-Aeoaane: a.e., 1997.-N.174-176. 13. Iaco? E., Ia?oei I. I?aai?caoe?y o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy iieiae? o iicaoe?eueiee /an// Iaoa??aee III Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “?ieue o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e a caei?iaiio niinia? aeeooy”.-Euea?a: a.a., 1997.-N.46-47. 14. Ia?oei I. Aei ae??oaiiy i?iaeai caei?ia’y oeiey??a /a?ac o?ce/io eoeueoo?o// Iaoa??aee Ia?oi? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoe?iiaeueia no?aoiaa iaaee/ia caaacia/aiiy Oe?a?ie”.-Euea?a: a.a., 1995.-N.64-65. 15. Ia?oei I.I. aeei?enoaiiy nii?oeaieo ?ai? o nenoai? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aoc?a// Iaoa??aee eiioa?aioe?? i?enay/aii? 90-??//th oooaieueiiai eeoao “Oe?a?ia” ”Oooaieueiiio eeoao ”Oe?a?ia”-90 ?ie?a”.-Euea?a: Euea?anueeee oi?aa?neoao, 1997.- N.11-12. 16. Ia?oei I.I. Aei i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy nooaeaionueei? iieiae?// Oace Anaoe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Nooaeaionueeee o?ceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaiee ?oo a Oe?a?i? ia ii?ic? XXI noie?ooy: iaoe?iiaeueii-?noi?e/i?, nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i?, icaei?ia/i-i?io?eaeoe/i? aniaeoe a?ae?iaeaeaiiy”. – E.: a.a., 1998.-N.112-113. AIIOAOe?? Ia?oei I.I. I?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? iniaeeaino? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy noa?oieeaniee?a o no/anieo iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo ii niaoe?aeueiino? 24.00.02 – O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy, Aieeinueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Ean? Oe?a?iee, Eooeuee, 1999. A aeena?oaoe?? i?iaiae?ciaaii iniaeeaino? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ia ??cieo aoaiao ?icaeoeo iieiae?aeiiai ?ooo a Oe?a?i?, aea/aii nooi?iue iioe?aiiy caiyoue o?ce/iith eoeueoo?ith ? nii?oii o iicaiaa/aeueiee /an na?aae oeiey??a 15-17 ?ie?a oa i?e/eie, eio?? ia oea aieeaathoue, aea/aii iniaeeaino? i?aai?caoe?eieo oi?i o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o iieiae?aeieo i?aai?caoe?yo, ?ic?iaeaii i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy. Eeth/ia? neiaa: oi?ie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, iieiae?aei? i?aai?caoe??, noa?oieeanieee, i?aai?caoe?eii-iaaeaaia?/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??. Martyn P. M. Organizftional and pedaical recomendations of physical education of children at the age of 15-17 years in modern youth organizations – Ianuscript. Thesis submitted for Candidate’s Degree in Phisical Education and Sport in specialiti 24.00.02 - Phisical Culture, Phisical Education various group of the population. Volyn State University named after Lesya Ukrainka, Lutsk, 1999. Thisis thesis perfomed analysis of the peculiarities of phisical education on various stager of development of youth movement in Ukraine; it is investigated the degree of spreading physical culture studies and sport in out-of-class time of children at the age of 15-17 years and reasons which have an influence on this; it is studied pecularities of forms of organizing of physical education in youth organizations; it is elaborated organizftional and pedaical recomendations for improving the process of physical education in youth organizations. Key words: the forms of physical education, youth organizations, children at the age of 15-17 years, organizftional and pedaical recomendations. Ia?oui I.I. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea iniaaiiinoe oece/aneiai ainieoaiey noa?oaeeannieeia a nia?aiaiiuo iieiae?aeiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo - ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/?iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe ii oece/aneiio ainieoaieth e nii?oo ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 24.00.02 – Oece/aneay eoeueoo?a, oece/aneia ainieoaiea ?aciuo a?oi ianaeaiey. Aieuineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao eiaie Eane Oe?aeiee, Eooee, 1999. Oeaeueth enneaaeiaaiey anoue iaiauaiea i?aaiecaoeeiii-iaaeaaiae/aneeo iniaaiiinoae e ia yoie iniiaa - oniaa?oainoaiaaiea i?ioeanna oece/aneiai ainieoaiey noa?oaeeannieeia iooai aiaae?aiey a ?aaioo iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeee iao/ii-iainiiaaiuo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee. A enneaaeiaaiee ?aoaeeny neaaeothuea caaea/e: enneaaeiaaoue iniaaiiinoe noaiiaeaiey e ?acaeoey i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneeo iniia oece/aneiai ainieoaiey a oe?aeineeo iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo; enneaaeiaaoue noaiaiue ?ani?ino?aiaiey caiyoee oece/aneith eoeueoo?ith e nii?oii ai aiao/aaiia a?aiy n?aaee noa?oaeeannieeia e i?e/eiu, eioi?ua aeeytho ia aiaea/aiea oeieueieeia e yoei caiyoeyi; enneaaeiaaoue i?aaiecaoeeiiiua oi?iu oece/aneiai ainieoaiiy a nia?aiaiiuo iieiae?aeiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo; ?ac?aaioaoue e ai?iae?iaaoue i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey iioeiecaoeee i?ioeanna oece/aneiai ainieoaiey noa?oaeeannieeia a nia?aiaiiuo iieiae?aeiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo. Iao/iia iiaoanoai iieo/aiuo ?acoeueoaoia i?aaenoieo a oii, /oi a ?acoeueoaoa enneaaeiaaiee: iaiauaiu aaaeiiinoe i noaiiaeaiee e ?acaeoee i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneeo iniia oece/aneiai ainieoaiey a oe?aeineeo iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo; ?ac?aaioaii eeanneoeeaoeeth nia?aiaiiuo iieiae?aeiuo e aeaoneeo i?aaiecaoeee ca onoaaiuie caaea/aie; ii?aaeaeaiu iioeaaoeeiiiua oaeoi?u, eioi?ua aeeytho ia aiaea/aiea noa?oaeeannieeia e caiyoeyi oece/aneie eoeueoo?ie e nii?oii; iao/ii-iainiiaaii i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey iioeiecaoeee i?ioeanna oece/aneiai ainieoaiey a nia?aiaiiuo iieiae?aeiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo. I?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea iieo/aiuo ?acoeueoaoia ninoieo a: ?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aiee a nenoaio aeayoaeueiinoe iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeee iiaie i?aaiecaoeeiiiie oi?iu oece/aneiai ainieoaiey - nooaeai/aneiai nii?oeaiiai oanoeaaey; ?ac?aaioea e aiaae?aiee i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneeo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey eino?oeoi?ia oece/aneiai ainieoaiey e ?oeiaiaeeoaeae iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeee, eioi?ua iicaieytho oeo/oeoue i?ioeann oece/aneiai ainieoaiey /eaiia yoeo i?aaiecaoeee iooai: a) i?iaaaeaiey naieia?ia aeey eino?oeoi?ia oece/aneiai ainieoaiey n oeaeueth iiauoaiey eo i?ioanneiiaeecia; a) i?aaiecaoeee e i?iaaaeaiey oeceoeueoo?ii-icaei?iaeoaeueiuo ia?ii?eyoee a ?aieao i?acaeiiaaiee eoeueoo?ii-?aeeaeiciuo i?acaeieeia. Ai anooieaiee iainiiaaii aeooaeueiinoue i?iaeaiiu, ii?aaeaeaii oeaeue e caaea/e enneaaeiaaiey, ?anne?uoi iao/iia iiaoanoai e i?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea ?aaiou, ee/iue aeeaae aaoi?a, noa?a ai?iaaoeee ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiey. A ia?aie aeaaa “Cia/aiea, niaea?aeaiea e iaoiaeeea oece/aneiai ainieoaiey noa?oaeeannieeia” iaiauaaony, /oi a nia?aiaiiuo iao/iuo enneaaeiaaieyo iao/ii-iainiiaaia aaaeiinoue i?iaaaeaiey n iieiaeaaeueth ?aciuo i?aaiecaoeeeiuo oi?i oece/aneiai ainieoaiey ai aiao/aaiia a?aiy. A oi aea a?aiy, iiae/a?eeaaaony, /oi inoaaony iaaeinoaoi/ii eco/aiie iioeaaoeey e caiyoeyi oeceoeueoo?ie e nii?oii, ia i?iaiaeeeinue enneaaeiaaiee i?aaiecaoeeiiiuo oi?i oece/aneiai ainieoaiey a nia?aiaiiuo iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo. Ai aoi?ie aeaaa “Iaoiaeu e i?aaiecaoeey enneaaeiaaiey” ?ane?uaathony iaoiaeu, eioi?ua eniieueciaaeenue aeey ?aoaiey iinoaaeaiuo caaea/ e yoaiu i?aaiecaoeey enneaaeiaaiey. A o?aoueae aeaaa “Coaiiaeaiea e ?acaeoea i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneeo iniia oece/aneiai ainieoaiey a oe?aeineeo iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo” onoaiiaeaii, /oi oece/aneia ainieoaiea auei iaiouaieaiie /anoueth aeayoaeueiinoe oe?aeineeo iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeee e ioee/aeinue naiae iai?aaeaiinoueth ia ?aciuo enoi?e/aneeo yoaiao. A oece/aneii ainieoaiee iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeee eoeueoeae?iaaeenue n?aaenoaa e i?aaiecaoeeiiiua oi?iu, eioi?ua ioaa/aee iai?aaeaieth aeayoaeueiinoe yoeo i?aaiecaoeee e eiaee oeaeueth ianniaue ioaao iieiaeaaee. A /aoaa?oie aeaaa “Iniaaiiinoe caiyoee oeceoeueoo?ie e nii?oii noa?oaeeannieeia ai aiao/aaiia a?aiy” onoaiiaeaii, /oi oieueei 37,9% noa?oaeeannieeia oaeiaeaoai?aiu i?iaaaeaieai naiaai naiaiaeiiai a?aiaie. A oi aea a?aiy, anaai eeo 19% oeieueieeia iinauatho caiyoey c oece/aneie eoeueoo?u e nii?oa ai aiao/aaiia a?aiy. Ec ieo, ii/oe 20% o/aieeia caieiathony nenoaiaoe/anee io o?ueio aei iyoe ?ac a iaaeaeth, aieaa 30% o/aieeia - nenoaiaoe/anee aeaa ?ace a iaaeaeth, a 50% o/aieeia – ianenoaiaoe/anee. Ii?aaeaeaiu iioeau, eioi?ua oi?ie?otho o oeieueieeia 15-17 eao eioa?an e oeceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaiie aeayoaeueiinoe e i?e/eiu, eioi?ua iaoatho ei caieiaoueny oeceoeueoi?ie e nii?oii Onoaiiaeaii, /oi oece/aneia ainieoaiea a iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo aeeth/aao a naay neaaeothuea i?aaiecaoeeiiua oi?iu: oo?enoe/aneea i?iaoeee e iioiaeu, eaaa?y, naeoeee ii aeaeo nii?oa, oeceoeueoo?ii-icaei?iaeoaeueiua ia?ii?eyoey a ?aieao eoeueoo?ii-?aeeaeiciuo, enoi?e/aneeo e ainoaea?noaaiiuo i?acaeieeia. Oeceoeueoo?ii-nii?oeaiay ?aaioa a iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo i?iaiaeeony n o/aoii aica?anoiuo iniaaiiinoae eo /eaiia, a oaeaea eaeaieiae/aneeo iniia i?aaiecaoeee. ?ac?aaioaii i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey iioeiecaoeee i?ioeanna oece/aneiai ainieoaiey a iieiaeaaeiuo i?aaiecaoeeyo, eioi?ua eaaee a iniiao iaaeaaiae/aneiai yenia?eiaioa, aeeeaoaainy aeaa aiaea. Ai a?aiy yenia?eiaioa o?e ?aca ii?aaeaeyeenue o?iaaiue oece/aneiai ?acaeoey e oece/aneie iiaeaioiaeaiinoe noa?oaeeannieeia. A ia/aea yenia?eiaioa o noa?oaeeannieeia yenia?eiaioaeueiie e eiio?ieueiie a?oii iaaeaeo iieacaoaeyie ?inoa, iannu oaea e iauaia a?oaeiie eeaoee ii/oe ia auei ?acee/ee, a ?acoeueoaou eiio?ieueiuo eniuoaiee o noa?oaeeannieeia aenia?eiaioaeueiie a?oiiu auee ianeieueei eo/oa. A eiioea yenia?eiaioa o iaeue/eeia aenia?eiaioaeueiie a?oiiu aeinoiaa?ii oeo/oeeenue (p<0,05) iieacaoaee ?inoa e iauaia a?oaeiie eeaoee, a o aeaai/ae – iieacaoaee iauaia a?oaeiie eeaoee. E?iia oiai, o noa?oaeeannieeia yenia?eiaioaeueiie a?oiiu caoeene?iaaii eo/oee i?e?ino ?acoeueoaoia eiio?ieueiuo eniuoaiee. O iaeue/eeia iniaaiii oeo/oeeenue (p<0,05) ?acoeueoaou iaaeaaiae/aneeo oanoia ia neeiaoth auiineeainoue e aeaeinoue, a o aeaai/ae – ia neeiaoth auiineeainoue, /oi iiaeoaa?aeaeaao yooaeoeaiinoue i?aaeeiaeaiuo ?aeiiaiaeaoeee. A iyoie aeaaa “Aiaeec e iaiauaiea ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee” iieo/aiua ?acoeueoaou ?acaeaeaiu ia o?e a?oiiu aeaiiuo: iiaeoaa?aeaeathuea, aeaiiua, eioi?ua aeiiieiytho nouanoaothuea ?ac?aaioee e niaa?oaiii iiaua aeaiiua. Eeth/aaua neiaa: oi?iu oece/aneiai ainieoaiey, iieiae?aeiua i?aaiecaoeee, noa?oaeeannieee, i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaaeaaiae/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee.

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