IAOEIAI-AeINEIAeIEE AEIIIII*IEE IINOEOOO

IIIINOA?NOAA AEIIIIIEE OE?A?IE

Ae?AeO? Na?a?e Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE:631.15;631.151.6

I?AAI?CAOe?EII-AEIIII?*IEE IAOAI?CI

?ICAEOEO E?CEIAIAEO A?AeIINEI

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 08.02.03.

I?aai?caoe?y oi?aae?iiy, ieaioaaiiy

? ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?eith

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a 1998

23

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio aeiiii?/iiio ?inoeooo?
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aan?ae?i Aaneeue Oaaei?iae/,
Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee aeiiii?/iee ?inoeooo I?iaeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a (i.Ee?a)

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aieueoeaa?a
Iaen Aa?aiiae/, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a I?aeia?iaeiiai ?inoeoooo
iaiaaeaeiaioo (i. Ee?a)

— eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Onaiei ss?ineaa Ai?eniae/, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a aeaia?oaiaioo,
ia/aeueiee a?aeae?eo oi?aae?iiy i?aiaee ? e?ceiao Oiiaeo aea?aeaaiiai
iaeia Oe?a?ie

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — ?inoeooo aeiiii?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e
oai?aoe/ieo i?iaeai ?aaoethaaiiy aeiiii?ee (i.Ee?a)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 29 a?oaeiy 1998 ?. i 14 30 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.801.01 ii caoenoo
aeena?oaoe?e ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a aeiiii?/ieo
iaoe Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?inoeoooo I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee
Oe?a?ie oa Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/ieo
i?iaeai i?noa Ee?aa (252601, INI, Ee?a — 103, aoeueaa? Ae?oaeae
ia?iae?a, 28, 5-e iiaa?o, cae can?aeaiue).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe? IAeAI
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 25 eenoiiaaea 1998 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,
aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee

ni?a?ia?oiee A.A.Aaceethe

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aieiai? oe?e? ? caaaeaiiy
?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ia no/aniiio aoai? ?icaeoeo iieyaathoue o
caaacia/aii? no?eei? noaa?e?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa ? a?aeiiaeaii?
aeiiii?/iiai c?inoaiiy. Aeaaeae? aino??oith noa? i?iaeaia oaoi?/iiai
ia?aica?i?iiy i?iieneiaiai ? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa,
noa?e iineoa, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e ? iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe??
ae?iaieoeoaa, yea oneeaaeith?oueny aeiiii?/iith e?ecith, neeaaeiei
o?iainiaei noaiii i?aei?e?inoa. A?aeiiaeaiiy iniiaiiai eai?oaeo,
i?aeaeuaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai ??aiy ae?iaieoeoaa — iaeia c iaeaaaeeea?oeo
i?iaeai aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie. Iaeaaeiaiiy i?aei?e?inoa ? canoa??eei ?
iaaeinoaoiuei aoaeoeaiei. Iniiai? oiiaee, ye? aenieoaoothoueny iiiaae 20
?ie?a, noaiiaeyoue 40% caaaeueii? ?o e?eueeino?, 28% — a?ae 10 aei 20
?ie?a. ??aaiue ciino aeinyaa? 43%, a a i?iieneiaino? ? eai?oaeueiiio
aoae?aieoeoa? 48 ? 62% a?aeiia?aeii. ?niothoue i?aei?e?inoaa, aea ciin
iniiaieo oiiae?a aeinyaa? 80%, ui coiiaeth? i?aeaeuai? aeo?aoe ne?iaeie,
aia?a?? ?, ye iane?aeie c?inoaiiy nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe??. Oea aeiaaa?
iineeaiiy oaaae aei ?icaeoeo an?o aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao, iaiao?aei?noue
yeiai aeiaaaeaia a?o/eciyiith ? ca?oa?aeiith o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueeith
i?aeoeeith. Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy e?ceiao aeicaiey? cae?enieoe iiaia
o?iainoaaiiy eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue, caa??aath/e o?iainiao iacaeaaei?noue
i?aei?e?inoa, i?enei?eoe iiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo ? ia oe?e iniia?
eiai aoaeoeaia aeei?enoaiiy. A ?yae? ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i (NOA, I?ia//eia,
O?aioe?y, Aaeeeia?eoai?y, ssiii?y, Iieueua, Oai?ueia, *ao?y oa ?i.)
e?ceia noaa iaeiei c iniiaieo ?ino?oiaio?a i?aei?e?iieoeueei?
ae?yeueiino?, aea?aeiee aeey an?o eiai o/aniee?a. *anoea e?ceiao a
i?iieneiaeo ?iaanoeoe?yo a oeeo e?a?iao aeinyaa? 20-25%. Aaaeeeaa
cia/aiiy ia? oi?ioaaiiy noeioethth/i? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee uiaei
i?aeo?eiee e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei, ui iiaea caaacia/eoe ia?ao?ae e?ceiao a
i?eioeeiiai iiao noaae?th ?icaeoeo, eiee a?aeaoaa?oueny c?inoaiiy
e?eueeino? iia?aoi??a e?ceiaiaiai a?ciano, inaiththoueny o?iainiaee oa
?io? aeaee ? oi?ie e?ceiao, a oiio /ene? i?aeia?iaeiiai, a?aoiaothoueny
oe?e? ? caaaeaiiy ?iaanoeoe?eii? oa ?iiiaaoe?eii? iie?oeee.

I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ?icaeoeo e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei a
oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee oa noiniaii eiie?aoieo oiia Oe?a?ie
aeine?aeaeaiee iaaeinoaoiuei ye a oai?aoe/iiio, oae ? a i?eeeaaeiiio
aniaeoao. Oi/a iaaiith i??ith aaea ooieoe?iio? ?io?ano?oeoo?a e?ceiaiaeo
a?aeiinei, ? ie?ai? iaoeia? ioae?eaoe??.

Ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo ? ?aaoethaaiiy e?ceiao a Oe?a?i? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy
a ioae?eaoe?yo A.Aan?ae?ia, I.Aioeiai?, I.Aieueoeaa?aa, A.Aeai?ae?iia,
?.Eaaaoiai?, A.Eiiiiaiea, I.Eooeaiea, E.I?uaiea, I.Neia’yinueei?,
ss.Onaiea oa ?i. A ?yae? oeeo ioae?eaoe?e iaa?oioiaaia iaiao?aei?noue
ni?eyiiy ?icaeoeo e?ceiao. A?aeiieie ? i?aoe? ca?oa?aeieo iaoeiaoe?a —
A.Aaciaia, I.I?eeooeueeiai, ?.Noiyiiai?, ?.*aoe?e?ia (?in?y), ?.A??e?,
N.Ia??na (NOA), Ae.O?aoiia (O?aioe?y), *aiae?a I?annaia (?iae?y), a
oaeiae a/aieo Aaeeeia?eoai??, I?ia//eie, ?oae??, Eaiaaee, Iieueu?. Aiie
?ic?iaeee iniiai? i?eioeeie oai??? ? i?aeoeee o?iainiaiai iaiaaeaeiaioo
? e?ceiao, aena?oeeee aca?iiae?th i?aei?e?inoa ? eiiiai?e ia na?oiaiio
?eieo. Aea i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? ia?iaee, c aeiiiiiaith yeeo iiaeia aoei a
ae??ooaaoe ieoaiiy aca?iiae?? iia?aoi??a e?ceiaiaiai a?ciano a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, aeai?o aoaeoeaieo noai
e?ceiao.

A?aoiao?oueny, ui neooaoe?y a ?icaeoeo e?ceiao, ye ? acaaae? a ?icaeoeo
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa a Oe?a?i?, iino?eii ci?ith?oueny, ui ciaoiaeeoueny o
i?yi?e caeaaeiino? a?ae e?eciaeo i?ioean?a, ye? a?aeaoaathoueny a
aeiiii?oe?, aaaeeiai o?iainiaiai noaio i?aei?e?inoa, iaae??oaiino? ?yaeo
ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaeo ieoaiue.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ie? ? i?noey e?ceiao a nenoai? aeiiii?/ieo oa
?ioaa?aoe?eieo a?aeiinei, ieoaiue oi?ioaaiiy noeioethth/iai
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio, aaeineiiaeaiiy oi?aae?iiy
e?ceiaii oa aoaeoeaiei eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiyi aeoiaey/e c eiie?aoieo
caaea/, iaaoaa? iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? ia aoai? iiooeo oeyo?a aeoiaeo
a?o/eciyii? aeiiii?ee c e?ece.

Aeooaeuei?noue ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c oi?ioaaiiyi aoaeoeaieo e?ceiaiaeo
a?aeiinei, iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee eiie?aoieo iaoai?ci?a ?o ?aae?caoe??
aecia/aee oaio aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? no?oeoo?o aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
iaoeiaiio iaa?oiooaaii? ? ?ic?iaoe? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo oi?i ?
iaoiae?a ?icaeoeo e?ceiao oa iaoai?ci?a ?o ?aae?caoe??.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iinoaaeaii? iaoe ae??ooaaeenue oae? caaaeaiiy:

· aecia/aiiy ?ie? ? i?noey e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei o ?ica’ycaii? i?iaeai
oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy ? iiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo i?aei?e?inoa,
i?aeaeuaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai ??aiy ae?iaieoeoaa;

· ?ic?iaea noaie eeaneo?eaoe?? aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao;

· ioe?iea iai?yi?a ae?yeueiino? iia?aoi??a e?ceiaiaiai a?ciano
(e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e ? o??i, aaie?a, e?ceiaiaeo oiiae?a) oa
iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aae? o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo iineoa i?aei?e?iieoeueeei
i?aai?caoe?yi;

· iaa?oiooaaiiy i?eioeei?a oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee ?icaeoeo
e?ceiao;

· aiae?oe/iee iaeyae iioe?aieo ia na?oiaiio ?eieo aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao,
iaoiae?a i?aai?caoe?? e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e, o?iainoaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo
i?iaeo?a ? oaiae c ioe?ieith iiaeeeainoae ?o aeei?enoaiiy a Oe?a?i?;

· i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo noai e?ceiao
a ?iaanoeoe?ei?e oa ?iiiaaoe?ei?e ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa;

· ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? e?ceiao;

· ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiae?a aeai?o ? iaa?oiooaaiiy noai oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a cae?eniaiiy e?ceiaiaeo oaiae oa
iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo e?ceiaiaeo ieaoaae?a;

· aecia/aiiy aeiia aei aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ? iiiaeaoeoaaiiy
e?ceiaiaeo iia?aoe?e (aeey no?oeoo? iaaea?aeaaii? aeiiii?ee);

· ?ic?iaeaiiy i?iaeoo i?aai?caoe?? e?ceiao ia i?eeeaae? aaioaaeiiai
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie.

I?aaeiao ? ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiiy. I?aaeiaoii aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
iaoiaee ? oi?ie ?icaeoeo ? i?aeo?eiee e?ceiao oeyoii aaeineiiaeaiiy
caeiiiaeaanoaa, i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?aaoethaaiiy
e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei. Ia’?eo aeine?aeaeaiue — i?aei?e?iieoeuee?
i?aai?caoe??, aea?aeaai? ? iaaea?aeaai? no?oeoo?e, ye? ai?iaaaeaeothoue
e?ceia, caeiathoueny ieoaiiyie oi?aae?iiy e?ceiaiaeie a?aeiineiaie.

Iaoiaeieia?/io ? iaoiaee/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiue noaiiaeyoue ca?oa?aei?
oa a?o/eciyi? ioae?eaoe?? ? aeine?aeaeaiiy c ieoaiue oai??? ? i?aeoeee
i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy e?ceiaiaeie i?ioeanaie, aeina?ae na?oiai?
aeiiii?ee, /eiia caeiiiaeaanoai Oe?a?ie, ?ioeo aea?aeaa na?oo c
aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?iaeai.

Oai?aoe/i? oa iaoiaeieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ?ic?iaea iaoiaeee ?
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e a?oioothoueny ia aiae?c? /eiii? caeiiiaeaa/i?
aace Oe?a?ie oa iniiaieo a?aeiinoa c ieoaiue i?aei?e?iieoeoaa, ?icaeoeo
e?ceiao, ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai ? a?cian-ieai?a.

O ?iaio? aeei?enoai? no/ani? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiii?/ieo
i?ioean?a, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e, cie?aia oae?, ye: nenoaiiee
aiae?c, aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/i? iaoiaee ii?aoethaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??,
iiiia?ao?/iee, eia?/iee, aenia?oiee iaoiaee aiae?co oiui.
?ioi?iaoe?eiith aacith aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee noaoenoe/i? aeai?
Aea?aeeiinoaoo Oe?a?ie, I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, I?i?noa?noaa
i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie, Aea?aei?aei?e?iieoeoaa Oe?a?ie, ca?oe ?
aeai? iae?eo e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e ? aaie?a, i?aei?e?inoa, e?oa?aoo?i?
aeaea?aea.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ia iniia?
eiiieaeniiai aea/aiiy i?iaeai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy e?ceiao ?ic?iaeaii
aoaeoeaiee i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci ?icaeoeo e?ceiaiaeo
a?aeiinei, iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii iiaeaeueoa oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioean?a,
iia’ycaieo c oi?aae?iiyi ? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iith i?aeo?eieith
?icaeoeo e?ceiao.

A ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiiy noai?aia oe?e?nia o?iainiaa ? oaoiieia?/ia
noaia ?icaeoeo e?ceiao ye i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiai a ainiiaea?nueeo i?aeoeeo ia iniia? iiaeo
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo, cie?aia o?iainiaeo, iaoai?ci?a. Iiaeie ?
oae? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue:

· eeaneo?eaoe?eia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao ye iniiaa aeey
aeai?o, iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo noai e?ceiao,
?iaanoeoe?eieo oa ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?iaeo?a;

· i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee ?icaeoeo e?ceiao ia iniia?
aecia/aiiy ? a?aooaaiiy ?ioa?an?a an?o o/aniee?a e?ceiaiaiai i?ioeano;

· iai?yie ? i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy ia?aae? iia?aoi??a e?ceiaiaiai a?ciano
aeoiaey/e c iaiao?aeiino? i?aeo?eiee e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei, a?aooaaiiy
eiie?aoieo iio?aa ? aeiia e?ceiaiaeaaoe?a oa e?ceiaiiaea?aeoaa/?a;

· ?acoeueoaoe ioe?iee ca?oa?aeiiai ? a?o/eciyiiai aeina?aeo, ia iniia?
yeeo aeiaaaeaii iaiao?aei?noue ci?ie i?aeoiae?a ? i?aeoe/ieo ??oaiue
uiaei oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie ?icaeoeo e?ceiao a Oe?a?i?;

· i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci aeei?enoaiiy noai e?ceiao a
?iaanoeoe?ei?e oa ?iiiaaoe?ei?e ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa;

· ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ii?yaeeo, aeai?o ? iaa?oiooaaiiy noai oa
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a cae?eniaiiy e?ceiaiaeo oaiae,
i?eiouaiue ? ci?noo aeiaiai??a e?ceiao, oeiiaeo c?ace?a iniiaieo
aeieoiaio?a, iaiao?aeieo aeey oeeaaeaiiy e?ceiaiaeo oaiae;

· iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo e?ceiaiaeo ieaoaae?a;

· i?iaeo i?aai?caoe?? e?ceiao aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ia
oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe. Oai?aoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe
iieyaa? a nenoaiaoecaoe?? ? iiaeeaeaii? ciaiue o iai?yiao ?icaeoeo
e?ceiao noiniaii aei no/anieo aeiia (ia iae?i- ? i?e?i??aiyo) ia aoai?
ia?aoiaeo aei ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee, eiee ?niothoue cia/i? o?oaeiiu? a
?iaanooaaii? ? o?iainiaiio caaacia/aii? ae?iaieoeoaa, ooieoe?iio? aaeeea
e?euee?noue ii?aeueii ? o?ce/ii canoa??eiai iaeaaeiaiiy, iia?eueii
ai?iaaaeaeothoueny iia? oaoiieia??. Oaea neooaoe?y niiioea? aei
aeei?enoaiiy a aea?aeaai?e iie?oeoe? ?icaeoeo e?ceiao i?eioeeiiai iiaeo
ae?eiaeo ??oaiue, a?aoiaoth/e ?ioa?ane an?o noa’?eo?a ?eieo.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? o aecia/aii? eeaneo?eaoe?eieo iciae
aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao, ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e c ieoaiue
iiaoaeiae aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee ?icaeoeo e?ceiao,
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a ?aae?caoe?? e?ceiaiaeo oaiae ?
aeiaiai??a, aea?aeaaieo i?ia?ai ??ciiai ??aiy, aeai?o ? iaa?oiooaaiiy
?aoe?iiaeueieo noai ? aeae?a e?ceiao, ui a oe?eiio aeathoue aaeeeee
aeiiii?/iee aoaeo.

?ic?iaeaiee a aeena?oaoe?? eiiieaen i?iiiceoe?e ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue ni?yiiaaiee ia ?o ?aoe?iiaeueia canoinoaaiiy a
i?aeoeoe? oi?aae?iiy oaoi?/iei ia?aica?i?iiyi i?iieneiaeo ?
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo (ia?a?iaieo) i?aei?e?inoa, a oaeiae
i?aei?e?inoa o?ainii?oo ? noa?e iineoa.

?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aaoi?a uiaei ?icaeoeo ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo aeae?a
? oi?i e?ceiao, ?aae?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo oa ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?iaeo?a,
?ioaa?aoe?? o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueeeo nenoai ciaeoee ai?iaaoe?th a
e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?yo, eiia?oe?eieo aaieao ? iaaaie?anueeeo
o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo onoaiiaao, i?e oi?ioaaii? o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo
a?aeiinei c i?aei?e?inoaaie, o oiio /ene? ia i?aeia?iaeiiio ??ai?, a
oaeiae o Oiiae? aea?aeaaiiai iaeia Oe?a?ie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, i?iaiicaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iia’ycaia c oaiaoeeith ? ieaiaie
iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai aeiiii?/iiai ?inoeoooo
I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, cie?aia c oaiaie

2-98. ?ic?iaea iaoiaee/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, Eiioeaioe?? oa Aea?aeaaii?
i?ia?aie aeiiii?/iiai ? nioe?aeueiiai ?icaeoeo Oe?a?ie ia 1999 ??e;

38-98. Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a aeiiii?/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy ? oi?i
i?aeo?eiee ?icaeoeo iaeeo i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo no?oeoo? ia ?aa?iiaeueiiio
??ai?.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Iniaenoei aianeii caeiaoaa/a o
aeine?aeaeaii? ?:

· aecia/aiiy iiiyoue oa aeiiii?/iiai cia/aiiy e?ceiao a oiiaao
ia?ao?aeii? aeiiii?ee;

· iaa?oiooaaiiy eeaneo?eaoe?? aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao ca nenoaiith
aecia/aieo iciae (e?eoa???a);

· iaoiaee/i? oa i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei oi?ioaaiiy
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?icaeoeo ? i?aeo?eiee e?ceiao,
aeai?o ? iaa?oiooaaiith noai ? iaoai?ci?a cae?eniaiiy e?ceiaiaeo oaiae,
o?iainiai-th?eaee/iiio ?o ioi?ieaiith;

· iaa?oiooaaiiy e?eoa???a ? iieaciee?a, ca yeeie ia? ioe?ithaaoeny
?iaioa e?ceiaiaeaaoe?a ? e?ceiaiiaea?aeoaa/?a c iiceoe?e
aca?iiocaiaeaeaiiy ?o o?iainiaeo oa ?ioeo ?ioa?an?a, i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? oaiae oa ?acoeueoao?a ?o aeeiiaiiy.

O ni?euei?e c A.Aanaae?iei ?iaio? (aeea. 1 o nieneo ?ia?o aaoi?a)
aeena?oaioo iaeaaeeoue aecia/aiiy ia?aaaa o?iainiaiai e?ceiao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy. Eeth/ia? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny, iaaiai?thaaeeny oa io?eiaee iiceoeaio
ioe?ieo ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao ? ia?aaeao, aoee aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe?
onoaiia/eo aeieoiaio?a noai?aiiy e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e ? oiiae?a,
ni?eueieo ?i?oe?aoea ? i?iaeo?a c ca?oa?aeieie i?aei?e?ioeyie ?
e?ceiaiaeie eiiiai?yie. Iaoiaee/i? oa aiae?oe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue, io?eiai? ii oai? aeena?oaoe??, aoee aeeth/ai? o iaoeia?
ca?oe IAeA? I?iaeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie, oa aeiiia?aei? caienee, ye? iai?aaeai?
aei I?i?noa?noaa aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 4 iaoeiaeo
i?aoe? ianyaii 2 ae.a, c yeeo 1,7 ae.a. iaeaaeaoue iniaenoi aaoi?o.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii ia 177
noi?. eiii»thoa?iiai iaai?o, a o. /. 18 oaaeeoeue ? 10 ?enoie?a.

Aecia/aia ne?aeoth/a no?oeoo?a ?iaioe:

Anooi

?icae?e ?. Oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy
e?ceiaiaith ae?yeuei?noth

1.1. Aecia/aiiy iiiyoue oa aeiiii?/ia cia/aiiy e?ceiao

1.2. Eeaneo?eaoe?eia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao oa iia?aoi??a
e?ceiaiaiai a?ciano

1.3. Ieoaiiy iaoiaeieia?? oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee ?icaeoeo
e?ceiao

?icae?e ??. Oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a

e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee

2.1. Aiae?c iaoiae?a ? oi?i ?aaoethaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei ia
na?oiaiio?eieo

2.2. Ioe?iea ia?aaaa o?iainiaiai e?ceiao ye iaoiaeo o?iainoaaiiy
oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo i?aei?e?inoaa

2.3. I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo noai
e?ceiao a ?iaanoeoe?ei?e oa ?iiiaaoe?ei?e ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa

?icae?e ???. Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ? oi?i i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy
e?ceiaii

3.1. Iaoiaeieia?y ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? e?ceiao

3.2. I?iaeaie aeai?o ? iaa?oiooaaiiy noai oa i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo
iaoai?ci?a cae?eniaiiy e?ceiaiaeo oaiae

3.3. Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo e?ceiaiaeo ieaoaae?a

3.4. Iniaeeaino? aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ? iiiaeaoeoaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo
iia?aoe?e (aeey no?oeoo? iaaea?aeaaii? aeiiii?ee)

3.5. I?iaeo i?aai?caoe?? e?ceiao aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo
ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie

Aeniiaee

Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae

Aeiaeaoee

2. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe

O anooi? iaa?oioiaai? aeooaeuei?noue, iaoa, caaaeaiiy ? no?oeoo?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, iieacaia iaoeiaa iiaecia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ?o ca’ycie c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, i?iaiicaie,
ieaiaie, oaiaie.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaeieia?/i? iniiae i?aai?caoe?? ?
oi?aae?iiy e?ceiaiaith ae?yeuei?noth” aecia/ai? iiiyooy oa aeiiii?/ia
cia/aiiy e?ceiao, iiaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?eia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeae?a ? oi?i
e?ceiao, iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo ia?aae? iia?aoi??a e?ceiaiaiai a?ciano,
aena?oeaii ieoaiiy iaoiaeieia?? oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee ?icaeoeo
e?ceiao oa oe?eueiaei i?ia?aiai.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? “Oi?ioaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a
e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei a oiiaao ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee” aea?oueny aiae?c
iaoiae?a ? oi?i ?aaoethaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei ia na?oiaiio ?eieo,
ioe?iea ia?aaaa o?iainiaiai e?ceiao ye iaoiaeo o?iainoaaiiy iiiaeaiiy
ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo i?aei?e?inoaa, aeeeaaeaii i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee
iaoai?ci aeei?enoaiiy noai e?ceiao a ?iaanoeoe?ei?e oa ?iiiaaoe?ei?e
ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? “Aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a ? oi?i i?aai?caoe?? ?
oi?aae?iiy e?ceiaii” cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee
aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? e?ceiao, aeai?o ? iaa?oiooaaiiy noai ?
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a cae?eniaiiy e?ceiaiaeo oaiae,
th?eaee/iiai ioi?ieaiiy aeiaiai??a e?ceiao oa ?ioeo aeieoiaio?a,
iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo e?ceiaiaeo ieaoaae?a, aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ?
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo iia?aoe?e. A oeueiio ?icae?e? aea?oueny
?ic?iaeaiee ? ai?iaiaaiee i?iaeo i?aai?caoe?? e?ceiao aaioaaeiiai
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie.

O aeniiaeao iiaeaii iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?iiiceoe?? oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

1. Na?oiaee aeina?ae, oai?aoe/i? i?aeoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue,
ui e?ceia ? iia’ycai? c iei i?aaia?, i?aai?caoe?ei?, o?iainia?,
oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane iaaoaathoue aeaaeae? a?eueoiai iioe?aiiy ?
oneeaaeiththoueny. Oea a?aeia?aaea? iia? aeey aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie yaeua ?
oaiaeaioe??, ii-iiaiio noaaeoue ieoaiiy oi?aae?iiy e?ceiaiaith
ae?yeuei?noth, iiaoaeiae aoaeoeaieo noai oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy ?
iiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo i?aei?e?inoa, i?aeaeuaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
??aiy ae?iaieoeoaa. Aaoi?ii aeiaaaeaii, ui caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai
?icaeoeo e?ceiao iio?aao? aea?aeaaiiai ni?eyiiy ? i?aeo?eiee. Oiio
?icaeioo? e?a?ie na?oo aeey oo?eiaiiy nai?o iiceoe?e ia na?oiaiio ?eieo
oa caaacia/aiiy aenieiai ??aiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueieo aeiiii?e, iaaeathoue aaeeeo oaaao ?icaeoeo e?ceiao oa
aecia/aiith iai?yi?a ? ia?niaeoea eiai c?inoaiiy, oi?iothoue aea?aeaaio
iie?oeeo, aea?aeio aea?aeaa? ? i?aei?e?ioeyi. Ca?oa?aeiee aeina?ae c
ieoaiue i?aai?caoe??, iaoiae?a ? oi?i i?aeo?eiee e?ceiao ? aeoaea
aaaaoei ? ??ciia?/iei, oi/a ia an? eiai iaoiaee ? oi?ie i?eaeaoi? aeey
oiia Oe?a?ie, ui o?aaa a?aoiaoaaoe i?e ieaioaaii? ? i?iaiicoaaii?
?icaeoeo e?ceiao.

2. Iaei??th c aaciaeo iaoeiaeo ? i?eeeaaeieo i?iaeai ? aecia/aiiy
iiiyoue e?ceiao ? e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei. Iniaeeai aaaeeeaith i?e oeueiio
? nenoaiaoecaoe?y iiiyoue ? oa?i?i?a, ?ice?eooy ?o aeiiii?/ii? noo?.
Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa iieacaa iayai?noue cia/ieo
?ica?aeiinoae o aecia/aii? ci?noo iiiyoue ? oa?i?i?a, ui iaaaoeaii
aieeaa? ia i?aai?caoe?th o?iainiaiai ? iaeiiaiai caaacia/aiiy e?ceiao,
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy, a oaeiae ia aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo
no?oeoo?. C o?aooaaiiyi oeueiai a aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyiooi iai?yie
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aaiaiai ? ii?iaoeaiiai caaacia/aiiy e?ceiao.

Aiae?coth/e i?ioeane noaiiaeaiiy ? ?icaeoeo e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei, aaoi?
aeae?ey? ia?aaaao e?ceiao ii??aiyii c i?aiaeith /e i?iaeaaeai a e?aaeeo,
?ice?eaa? cia/aiiy e?ceiao a i?aeo?eioe? a?o/eciyiiai oiaa?iae?iaieea.

3. A ?iaio? cae?eniaii eeaneo?eaoe?th aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao, caniiaaio
ia aeae?eaii? ? nenoaiaoecaoe?? iniiaieo iciae ? ocaaaeueiaii? ?o
ooieoe?e — 40 aeae?a ? oi?i eeaneo?eiaaieo ca a?aeiia?aeieie iciaeaie
(e?eoa??yie). I?iaaaeaiiy iaoiaee/ii a??ieo, e?euee?nieo ? ye?nieo
?ic?aooie?a c o?aooaaiiyi ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo iciae ?icoe?th? iiaeeeaino?
canoinoaaiiy ??cieo noai e?ceiao, aeicaiey? oeeaaeaoe iaea?eueo
ni?eyoeea? aeey o/aniee?a aeiaiai?e, ?aae?coaaoe aoaeoeai? oi?ie ?
no?iee e?ceiaiaeo ieaoaae?a, iaoiaee ia?aooaaiiy i?eaooeo. Caaaeueia
eeaneo?eaoe?eia oa?aeoa?enoeea aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao i?eaaaeaia ia
?en.1. I?aee?aneth?oueny, ui a no/anieo oiiaao iaea?eueo iioe?aieie
iiaeooue aooe o?iainiaee ? iia?aoeaiee e?ceia, o oiio /ene?
i?aeia?iaeiee, oi/a ? ?aooa aeae?a ? oi?i iathoue cia/i? ia?niaeoeae
?icaeoeo.

4. Aiae?c ae?yeueiino? ?nioth/eo no?oeoo?-iia?aoi??a e?ceiaiaiai
a?ciano ca 1993-1998 ??. iieacaa, ui ca aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia??iae a
Oe?a?i? noi?ioaaeany ia?aaea e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e, oiiae?a, o??i,
niaoe?aeuei? e?ceiaia? i?ae?icae?ee aeieeee a eiia?oe?eieo aaieao ?
iaaaie?anueeeo o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo onoaiiaao. Ca noaiii ia 01.10.98 ?.
a Oe?a?i? iae?/o?oueny iiiaae 30 e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e, aaaeooueny ?iaioe
ii noai?aiith ?aa?iiaeueieo e?ceiaiaeo oiiae?a aeey caaacia/aiiy
oaoi?eith i?iieneiaeo ? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo i?aei?e?inoa. Nooue
?ic?iaeaieo aaoi?ii i?iiiceoe?e iieyaa? a oiio, uia caaacia/eoe
oi?ioaaiiy ia?aae? e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e, ci???iooaaaoe ?o ia
i?aai?caoe?th ? i?aeo?eieo e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei a?aeiia?aeii aei iio?aa
?eieo e?ceiaiaeo iineoa.

5. A aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeaii eiiieaen ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c
?aae?caoe??th i?iiiceoe?e aaoi?a uiaei oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee
?icaeoeo e?ceiao, a?ae /iai aeaaeae? a?eueoith i??ith caeaaeaoeia
iaa?oioiaai?noue oeo /e ?ioeo i?aeoe/ieo ??oaiue. C oeeo iiceoe?e oa
a?aoiaoth/e aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiee i?yiee aieea aeaaaeaii? iie?oeee ia
oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo i?aei?e?inoa, a aeena?oaoe??
cai?iiiiiaaia iine?aeiai?noue ? caaaeueia noaia oi?ioaaiiy aea?aeaaii?
iie?oeee ?icaeoeo e?ceiao (?en. 2). Noi?ioeueiaai? oae? i?eioeeie
oi?ioaaiiy iie?oeee ?icaeoeo e?ceiao a Oe?a?i?:

· aecia/aiiy e?ceiao ye i?ia?aneaii? oi?ie o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?, ui a?aeiia?aea? caaaeaiiyi ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?ee,
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa;

· aecia/aiiy iioi/ieo ? iioaioe?eieo iiaeeeainoae ?icaeoeo e?ceiaiaeo
a?aeiinei c o?aooaaiiyi noaiiaeaiiy ?eieo e?ceiaiaeo iineoa (ii naeoi?ai
?eieo);

· caaacia/aiiy ni?eyiiy ?icaeoeo o?iainiaiai oa ?ioeo aeae?a ? oi?i
e?ceiao, naeaeoeaio (aea??eiao, oe?eueiao) nenoaio eiai aea?aeaaii?
i?aeo?eiee;

· ni?eyiiy ?icaeoeo e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e, oiiae?a (aea?aeaaieo ?
iaaea?aeaaieo), noeioethaaiiy o/ano? aaie?a o o?iainoaaii? e?ceiaiaeo
iia?aoe?e, cie?aia ia i??i?eoaoieo iai?yiao oaoi?/iiai
ia?aica?i?iiy ?

E ? C E I A

E e a n e o ? e a oe ? e i ? i c i a e e

ca neeaaeii o/aniee?a

ca oeiii iaeiaca nooiaiai ieoiiino?

ca ianyaii ianeoaiaoaaiiy

ca naeoi?ii ?eieoca oe?eueiaei i?ecia/aiiyica niiniaii o?iainoaaiiyca
oa?aeoa?ii ieaoaae?a

ca iai??aie o/aniee?a

i?yieee?ceia ?ooiiiai iaeiao?iainiaee

(eai?oaeue-

/enoeeaioo??iaoe?iiaeueiee

ae?enieeca ?aooiie aeanieo eioo?a

a?ioiaeeoa?i?iiaee (iaeii?aciaee)iee)

cai?ioieee?ceia iaeaaeiaiiyc iiaiith ieoii?noth“iie?ee” (c iiaiei
iaai?ii iineoa)ciai?oi?e (i?aeia?iaeiee)o?eoeaiee (niaeoeyoeaiee)ca
?aooiie caeo/aieo eioo?a

eiiiainaoe?eieeiiiiaethaaiee (?aaieueaa?iee)

iai?yieee?ceia “naeiiae-oaiae”iia?aoeaiee (c iaiiaiith ieoii?noth)c
/anoeiaei iaai?ii iineoa

aenii?oiee

?icae?eueiee

ci?oaieeo?enoi?iii?ee?ceia ia?ooiiino?

?iii?oieeaaaaoinoi?iii?eaaeeeiianooaaiee
e?ceiao?aiceoiee(a?ao?eao-e?ceia)niaoe?aeueiee
?en. 1. Eeaneo?eaoe?y aeae?a e?ceiao.iiiaeaiiy
ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo (iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy, iaooiaa ? aaciaa i?iieneia?noue,
n?euenueea ainiiaea?noai ? ia?a?iaia i?iieneia?noue, o?ainii?o, noa?a
iineoa);

· aca?iiiia’ycaiiy ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao c i?iaiicieie
?acoeueoaoaie, ye? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny io?eiaoe a?ae oeueiai;

· oaeineiiaeaiiy /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa uiaei i?aeo?eiee e?ceiao,
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?eaooeo, ni?iuaiiy iae?eo;

· ?ic?iaea ? ?aae?caoe?y oe?eueiaeo i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo e?ceiao
(iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue ?ic?iaee aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie ?icaeoeo
e?ceiao

Iniiai? neeaaeia? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeeo ?icaeoeo
e?ceiaoO?iainiai-e?aaeeoia ?aaoethaaiiy ? i?aeo?eieaNenoaia
caeiiiaeaa/eo ? ii?iaoeaieo aeo?aIiaeaoeiaa ?aaoethaaiiyNo?oeoo?i?
ci?ieI?aeo?eiea oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, caoo
i?iaeoeoe???inoeoooe?eii-?io?ano?oeoo?ia caaacia/aiiyNi?eyiiy iiiaeaiith
ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo i?aei?e?inoa, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?aNoai?aiiy ? caa?aaeaiiy ?iai/eo i?noeue, cie?aia a iaeeo ?
na?aaei?o i?aei?e?inoaaoIine?aeiaia cae?eniaiiy iaoeiai-oaoiieia?/ii?
iie?oeee, i?aeo?eiea aai/o?ieo ae?iaieoeoaNenoaia iaaeaiiy i?eueaiaeo
e?aaeeo?a, a?aio?a,

aa?aio?e

A?aooaaiiy ?aa?iiaeueieo oiia ? iniaeeainoae

Nenoaiia ni?eyiiy i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee ye iniiaia iaoa aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee ?icaeoeo
e?ceiao ?en. 2. Neeaaeia? iie?oeee aea?aeaaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy
e?ceiao

aei 2005 ?ieo). O oeueiio ca’yceo a aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiio?oueny oeiiaa
no?oeoo?a i?ia?aie ? aea?oueny noaia o?iainoaaiiy i?ia?aiieo caoiae?a.

6. O ?iaio? aeae?eaii ?yae ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yi?a ?icaeoeo
i?aeia?iaeiiai e?ceiao, cie?aia c e?a?iaie NIAe. I?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee ?
iaa?oiooaaiiy iieacaee, ui i?aeia?iaeia i?iieneiaa ? e?ceiaiaa
ia?oia?noai ? aeiiii?/ii aea?aeiei, aea? iiaeeea?noue oe?a?inueeei
e?ceiaiaei eiiiai?yi aeei?enoiaoaaoe na?oiaee aeina?ae oeeaaeaiiy
aeiaiai??a e?ceiao, iaoiaee ia?eaoeiaiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue o noa??
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e ? aca?iiae?? a ie?aieo naeoi?ao ?eieo.

Aiae?c aeeiai?ee ? no?oeoo?e e?ceiao a ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao iieaco?, ui o?
oaiaeaioe??, ye? oa?aeoa?i? aeey ieo, iiaeooue ia?aaaaeaoe iaeaeeae/ei
/anii ? a Oe?a?i? (oaae.1 ? 2).

Oaaeeoey 1.

Aeeiai?ea ?iaanoeoe?e a e?ceia a ?a?ii?

?iee198619901997Ianyae e?ceiaiaeo iia?aoe?e, ie?ae ECU36,195,296,0*anoea
?ooiiiai iaeia a caaaeueiiio ianyc? e?ceiaiaeo iia?aoe?e, %87,083,181,3

Oaaeeoey 2.

No?oeoo?a ei?enooaa/?a iineoaaie e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e

(ca aeaieie aenia?oieo ioe?iie)

?iee199119951997Anueiai, %100,0100,0100,0Naeoi?e aeiiii?ee (a %),o o./.
1. Aa?a?iee naeoi?2,63,03,22. I?iieneia?noue ?
aoae?aieoeoai41,835,838,13. I?eaaoiee naeoi? iineoa41,447,342,44.
Eiioiaeueia ainiiaea?noai4,25,24,75. ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
niiaeeaa/?6,85,77,66. ?io?3,23,04,07. Aiae?c ?icaeoeo
o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo a?aeiinei a e?ceiaia?e ae?yeueiino? iieacaa aenieee
??aaiue ieoiiino? e?aaeeooaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo oaiae, ui iieacaii ia
i?eeeaae? ioe?iee ia?aaaa o?iainiaiai e?ceiao, ai?iaaaeaeaii?
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo noai e?ceiao
a ?iaanoeoe?ei?e oa ?iiiaaoe?ei?e ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa. ?ic?iaeaii
eiiieaen iniiaieo caoiae?a uiaei caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe?? oaeeo i?iaeo?a
(?en. 3).

Caaacia/aiiy ni?yiiaaiino? aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao ia ?aae?caoe?th
?iaanoeoe?eieo oa

Oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e e?ceiao (aaiee aeaieo, o/anieee
o?iainiaiai ? e?cei-?iiiaaoe?eieo i?iaeo?a

Caoiaee ii aiaiai ?eie?a oa ?i).caaacia/aiith ?aae?caoe??Noai?aiiy
?io?ano?oeoo?e e?ceiao (e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e, oiiae?a)?iaanoeoe?eieo oa
?iiiaaoe?eieo i?iaeo?a ia iniia? e?ceiao iaeaaeiaiiy oa ?ioiai iaeia

Caaacia/aiiy aea?aeaaieo aa?aio?e aeey aaie?a oa ?ioeo
o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo onoaiia

Noai?aiiy ?eieo oe?iieo iaia??a aeey o?ainoi?iaoe?? Ioe?iea o?iainiaiai
noaio ? ia?niaeoea ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoaa-e?ceiaiiaea?aeoaa/aNoeioethaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e,
aaie?a, ?ioeo o?iainiaeo no?oeoo?, ye? o?iainiaeo ?ano?n?a a
?iaanoeoe??i???ioothoue naith ae?yeuei?noue ia ?iaanoeoe?ei? oa
?iiiaaoe?ei? oe?e?

?en. 3. Eiiieaen iniiaieo caoiae?a uiaei caaacia/aiiy ?aae?caoe??
?iaanoeoe?eieo oa ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?iaeo?a ia iniia? e?ceiao iaeaaeiaiiy
oa ?ioiai iaeia

8. Iniiaiei iai?yiii cieaeaiiy o?iainiaeo oa ?ioeo ?ecee?a
e?ceiaiaeaaoe?a ? iayai?noue aeinoia??ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueeee noai ? ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo i?aei?e?inoa —
e?ceiaiiaea?aeoaa/?a. C oeeo iiceoe?e a aeena?oaoe?? cai?iiiiiaaii
iaoiaee ioe?iee aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? e?ceiao, aeyaeaiiy aeaea?ae
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?. O?iainiaee noai e?ceiaiiaea?aeoaa/a
cai?iiiiiaaii aecia/aoe ia iniia? ?ic?aooieo oaeeo iieaciee?a:
aoaeoeai?noue ae?iaie/i? ae?yeueiino? (ca aeaieie aaeaino ?
aooaaeoa?nueeiai ca?oo); aoaeoeai?noue ?iaanoeoe?e (ca aeaieie ieaio
a?ioiaeo iioie?a oa eai?oaeia?aeaea/?); noaaee o?iainoaaiiy aeiaiai?o
e?ceiao; ii?ia i?eaooeo, /enoa ?aioaaaeuei?noue oa ?i. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
iieacaee, ui e?ceiaiaa ae?yeuei?noue, iacaaaeath/e ia a?aenooi?noue
caeiiiaeaa/i ?aaeaiaioiaaieo i?euea, ii noo?, ? i?eueaiaith /a?ac oa, ui
aea?aeaaa ?aaoeth? ?ici??e iiaeaoe?a, ii?ie aii?oecaoe??, e?aaeeoieo ?
oa?eoieo noaaie, ieoieo cai??a ? oei naiei noeioeth? ?icaeoie aoaeoeaieo
aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao.

9. Iioaioe?ei? e?ceiaiaeaaoe? ? e?ceiaiiaea?aeoaa/?, iath/e
iaiao?aei?noue a oeeaaeaii? e?ceiaiaeo oaiae, caaaeaee noiyoue ia?aae
i?iaeaiaie aeai?o noai e?ceiao oa i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio
?o ?aae?caoe??. A aeena?oaoe?? i?iiiio?oueny aanoe oeth ?iaioe a o?e
aoaie: 1) i?iaeooaaiiy, i?aeaioiaea ? iaa?oiooaaiiy e?ceiaiai? oaiaee;
2) th?eaee/ia ioi?ieaiiy e?ceiaiai? oaiaee ca ?acoeueoaoaie i?eeiyoeo
??oaiue ? ?ic?aooie?a, aeeiiaieo ia ia?oiio aoai?; 3) ?aae?caoe?y
e?ceiaiai? oaiaee. Oa?aeoa? ? ianya ?iaioe ia eiaeiiio aoai?
a?ae??ciy?oueny, i?ioa iaiao?aeii, uia aiie ?icaeyaeaeeny a eiiieaen? ?
aoee aca?iiocaiaeaeai?. A aeena?oaoe?? ?ice?eoa iine?aeiai?noue ?ia?o,
iiaeaii ia?ae?e iaiao?aeieo aeieoiaio?a oa ?o ci?no. ?ic?iaeai? oeiia?
c?acee aeiaiai?o e?ceiao oa ?ioeo aeieoiaio?a, i?aaenoaaeai? a
aeiaeaoeo. ?aeiiaiaeiaaia noaia i?aai?caoe?? e?ceiao iiaeaia ia ?en. 4.

10. Aeey oe?eae i?aai?caoe?? ? aeeiiaiiy e?ceiaiaeo oaiae ? aeiaiai??a
aaoi? ?aeiiaiaeo? iaoiaeeeo neeaaeaiiy a?cian-ieaio i?aei?e?inoaa,
iaoith yeiai ? io?eiaiiy e?aaeeoo, caeo/aiiy ?iaanoeoe?e oa iio??aiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy /e ?ioiai iaeia, aecia/aiiy no?aoaa?/ieo ? oaeoe/ieo oe?eae.
A naith /a?ao a?cian-ieai iiaeiai neeaaeaoeny ? e?ceiaiaeie eiiiai?yie —
e?ceiaiaeaaoeyie. Aeathoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei no?oeoo?e
a?cian-ieaio.

11. Iaeiei c iniiaieo ieoaiue cae?eniaiiy e?ceiaiaeo iia?aoe?e ?
aii?oecaoe?y iaeaaeiaiiy, yea caea?oueny a e?ceia. Aaoi? iaa?oiooaaa
iaiao?aei?noue aeiaea?aeaiiy aii?oecaoe?eii? iie?oeee o/aniee?a e?ceiao,
nei?eaiaaii? c caaaeueiiaea?aeaaiith aii?oecaoe?eiith iie?oeeith,
iiaeeea?noth iaaeaiiy iiaeaoeiaeo i?euea, iioei?caoe??th ?ici???a
e?aaeeoieo noaaie.

E?ceiaiiaea?aeoaa/

9

No?aoiaa eiiiai?y

1 2 6 8 10 11 12

7

3

Iinoa/aeueiee

5

E?ceiaiaeaaaoeue (e?ceiaiaa eiiiai?y) 6

4

13

A a i e

1 — cayaea e?ceiaiiaea?aeoaa/a;

2 — aeniiaie i?i ieaoini?iiiaei?noue c ioe?ieith aoaeoeaiino?
e?ceiaiaiai i?iaeoo;

3 — caiiaeaiiy-ia?yae;

4 — cayaea a aaie;

5 — aeiaia?? eoi?ae?-i?iaeaaeo;

6 — aeo caea/?-i?eeiyooy onoaoeoaaiiy;

7 — iieaoa iinoaaee;

8 — aeiaia?? e?ceiao;

9 — aeiaia?? no?aooaaiiy;

10 — aeiaia?? ia oaoi?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy;

11 — e?ceiaia? ieaoaae?;

12 — iiaa?iaiiy ia’?eoo e?ceiao;

13 — iiaa?iaiiy iiceee, iieaoa i?ioeaio?a.

?en. 4. Noaia i?aai?caoe?? e?ceiao (aeiaiai?o e?ceiao).

12. Aaoi?ii i?iiiiothoueny iia? i?aai?caoe?ei? ? aeiiii?/i? iaoiaee
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaieoeoaa ca ?aooiie e?ceiaiai? aca?iiae??
aaeeeeo ? iaeeo i?aei?e?inoa, oiaoi noai?aiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo iiaeeeainoae
?ioaa?aoe?eii? i?aeo?eiee e?ceiao c iiceoe?e aea?aeaaiiai ni?eyiiy ?
?icaeoeo. Aiae?c iieacaa, ui ia aaeeeeo i?aei?e?inoaao ia
aeei?enoiao?oueny aaeeea /anoeia (aei 80%) iayaieo iaoei, iaeaaeiaiiy,
?ioiai iaeia, oiae? ye iae? i?aei?e?inoaa iioa?iathoue a?ae ianoa/?
iaiao?aeiiai onoaoeoaaiiy. Ca ioe?ieaie, ia?aaea/a ? aeei?enoaiiy eeoa
20% iacaae?yiiai oaia? iaeaaeiaiiy iiaea caaacia/eoe o noa?? iaeiai
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa ae?iaieoeoai i?iaeoeoe?? ia 10-20 ie?ae.a?i.

13. ?ioaineai?noue e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae
iaa?oioiaaiiai ? i?aaeeueiiai anoaiiaeaiiy ieaoe ca e?ceia, c
o?aooaaiiyi oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?? oi?ioaaiiy. A aeena?oaoe??
cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo e?ceiaiaeo ieaoaae?a, ?ic?iaeaia
aeoiaey/e c oaeeo i?eioeei?a: ii?aeiaiiy aeiiii?/ieo ?ioa?an?a o/aniee?a
e?ceiaiai? oaiaee; anoaiiaeaiiy iioeiaeueiiai no?ieo (ia??iaeo) aianaiiy
ieaoaaeo; aeeth/aiiy aei neeaaeo e?ceiaiaiai ieaoaaeo an?o noi, ye?
iaeaaeaoue aei nieaoe. ?ic?aooiie e?ceiaiaeo ieaoaae?a, yeui aeiaia??
e?ceiao ia?aaeaa/a? aeeoi iaeia ca caeeoeiaith aa?o?noth,
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny cae?enithaaoe ca oi?ioeith:

Rt = wmetafile8? ??3???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
aa???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ????? ???&? ?MathType??°?
???u?????????»????-?????ue@????uee???u?th??????

wmetafile8? ??±????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy»yyy ???? ???&? ?MathType???????u
y??????aea:

Rt — ?ici?? ieaoaaeo o ia??iae? t;

E — aa?o?noue iaeia (oe?ia iethn aeo?aoe ia ioi?ieaiiy e?ceiao, aac
ieaoe ca e?aaeeo);

at- /anoea ieaoaaeo o ia??iae? t (eiao?oe??io ?icno?i/ee ieaoaae?a, ye?
aecia/athoue /anoeo aa?oino? iaeia, ui iiaaoa?oueny i?e eiaei?e aeieao?.
Anoaiiaeththoueny oaiaeith e?ceiao);

S — caeeoeiaa aa?o?noue iaeaaeiaiiy;

j — i?ioeaioia noaaea ca ia?oee ia??iae;

V — aeeneiioiee iiiaeeoaeue ii noaaoe? j :

V = wmetafile8? ??u????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy???Oe?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????ue@????uea???u?th??????
Oaeei /eiii, noai?aia iaoiaeeea, yea aeicaiey? c nenoaiieo iiceoe?e
cae?enithaaoe iaa?oioiaai? ?ic?aooiee ?ici???a ? oi?i e?ceiaiai? ieaoe
oa ioe?ithaaoe aoaeoeai?noue aeiaiai??a e?ceiao oa ?iaanoeoe?eieo
i?iaeo?a.

14. A ?iaio? noi?ioeueiaai? i?iiiceoe?? oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei
oaeineiiaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ? iiiaeaoeoaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo
iia?aoe?e (noiniaii no?oeoo? iaaea?aeaaii? aeiiii?ee). O e?a?iao c
?eieiaith aeiiii?eith aaaeeeaith oi?iith aeiiii?/ieo aca?iia?aeiinei
i?ae aea?aeaaith ? o/anieeaie e?ceiao ? nenoaia iiaeaoe?a ? iiaeaoeiaeo
i?euea. A aaaaoueio e?a?iao oae? i?eueae aaaaeai? ? ni?eythoue ?icaeoeo
e?ceiao. A Oe?a?i? aoaeoeaio nenoaio iiiaeaoeoaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo iia?aoe?e
ua ia noai?aii, a?eueoa oiai, caaaeuei? iaaeie?ee ?nioth/i? nenoaie
oa?aeoa?i? ? aeey e?ceiao. A ?iaio? iieacaii, ui ae?th/a nenoaia
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy i?aei?e?iieoeueei? ae?yeueiino? ? o oiio /ene? e?ceiao ia
noeioeth? eiai ?icaeoie ? ia ni?yiiaaia ia ae??oaiiy i?iaeai caeo/aiiy
?iaanoeoe?e oa cae?eniaiiy ?iiiaaoe?e. Cai?iiiiiaaii ?aae?coaaoe oae?
caoiaee, ye? iiaeia acyoe ca iniiao oi?ioaaiiy nenoaie iiiaeaoeoaaiiy
i?aei?e?iieoeoaa o noa?? e?ceiao:

· aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiee i?aeo?ae aei e?ceiaiaeo oaiae ca i??i?eoaoieie
iai?yiaie oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy ? iiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo
i?aei?e?inoa, aeaeaie ? oi?iaie e?ceiao;

· ca?eueiaiiy e?ceiaiaeaaoe?a a?ae nieaoe iiaeaoeo ia i?eaooie,
io?eiaiee ieie a?ae ?aae?caoe?? aeiaiai??a o?iainiaiai e?ceiao c
oa?i?iii ae?? ia iaioa 3 ?ie?a;

· ca?eueiaiiy aaie?a oa ?ioeo o?iainiai-e?aaeeoieo onoaiia a?ae nieaoe
IAeA ia no?ie 3 ?ie?a ? a?eueoa aeey ?aae?caoe?? o?iainiaiai e?ceiao;

· i?eeiyooy niaoe?aeueieo i?aaiaeo ii?i a ?ic?iaethaai?e nenoai?
iiiaeaoeoaaiiy ? Iiaeaoeiaiio eiaeaen? Oe?a?ie uiaei iiaeaoeiai?
i?aeo?eiee e?ceiaiaeo iia?aoe?e.

15. Iniaeeaa i?noea a ?iaio?, a neeo ?? iaoeiai? ? i?eeeaaeii? iiaecie ?
cia/aiiy, caeia? ?ic?iaeaiee aaoi?ii i?iaeo i?aai?caoe?? e?ceiao
aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ia oa?eoi??? Oe?a?ie. Oe?ii?noue
oeueiai i?iaeoo iieyaa? oaeiae o oiio, ui a?i ?ic?iaeaiee i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii aaoi?a ni?eueii c aaciina?aaei?ie o/anieeaie e?ceiao,
caaacia/aiee o?iainiaeie ?ano?naie ? oni?oii ?aae?co?oueny.

3. Aeniiaee

1. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia aeooaeuei? i?iaeai? —
aaeineiiaeaiith i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaoai?cio ?icaeoeo e?ceiao a
Oe?a?i?, yea ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy aeey iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo e?ceiao ?
oi?aae?iiy oeei i?ioeanii.

Aeey ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie aoee ia?ai? caaaeaiiy, ?ica’ycaiiy yeeo
ea?aeeiaeueii aieeaa? ia ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?iieoeueeeo i?aai?caoe?e a
/anoei? caaacia/aiiy oiia aeey aoaeoeaiiai ?icaeoeo o?iainiaiai,
iia?aoeaiiai oa ?ioeo aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao, aeoiaey/e c no/anieo ?
ia?niaeoeaieo iio?aa.

Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui ?nio? iaaiee oai?aoe/iee aei?iaie ?
iaa?iiaaeaeaii i?aeoe/iee aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? ? oi?aae?iiy e?ceiaii,
oe?a?inueeei i?aei?e?ioeyi aeiaiaeeoueny inaithaaoe aaaaoi aniaeo?a
e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei, noai?thaaoe nai? i?aeoiaee ? oai???,
aaeineiiaethaaoe caeiiiaeaa/i-ii?iaoeaio aaco.

2. Anoaiiaeaii iai?yie aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai
iaoai?cio ?icaeoeo e?ceiao oi?iothoueny ia iniia? aecia/aiiy eiai ?ie? ?
i?noey o ae??oaii? i?iaeai oaoi?/iiai ia?aica?i?iiy ? iiiaeaiiy
ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo, ?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?? i?aei?e?inoa. Ae??oaiiy oeeo
i?iaeai aaeueio?oueny iaaeineiiaeei caeiiiaeaanoaii, noia?a/eea?noth
eiai ie?aieo iiiyoue ? ii?i. Aaoi? iaa?oiooaaa i?iiiceoe?? uiaei
aecia/aiiy iiiyoue oa aeiiii?/iiai cia/aiiy e?ceiao, aianaiiy ci?i ?
aeiiiaiaiue aei /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa.

3. Iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ia? ?ic?iaeaia a aeena?oaoe??
eeaneo?eaoe?eia oa?aeoa?enoeea 40 aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao, aecia/aiiy
iai?yi?a ? ia?niaeoea ae?yeueiino? iia?aoi??a e?ceiaiaiai a?ciano
(e?ceiaiaeo eiiiai?e, caaaeueiiaea?aeaaieo ? ?aa?iiaeueieo oiiae?a oa
?i.)

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oni?oiee ?icaeoie ?eieo e?ceiaiaeo iineoa
iaiiaeeeaee aac /?oei aecia/aii? ? iaa?oioiaaii? aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee. A
?iaio? aecia/ai? iniiai? i?eioeeie oi?ioaaiiy iie?oeee ?icaeoeo e?ceiao,
neeaaeia? /anoeie ?? ?aae?caoe??, aeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, ni?yiiaai? ia
?ic?iaeo ? ?aae?caoe?th oe?eueiaeo eiiieaenieo i?ia?ai ?icaeoeo e?ceiao
??ciiai ??aiy. Iniaeeai aaaeeeaa i?noea a?aeaiaeeoueny ?ic?iaeaiith
ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c o?iainiaei caaacia/aiiyi i?ia?ai c caeo/aiiyi
aeueoa?iaoeaieo aeaea?ae o?iainoaaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy ?iicaiieo
?iaanoeoe?e, naiio?iainoaaiiy.

5. Aiae?c iiaeeeainoae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao
noiniaii aei ??oaiiy oeo /e ?ioeo i?aeoe/ieo caaaeaiue iieacaa ia?aaaae
o?iainiaiai e?ceiao a oe?eyo oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai aia?aoo
i?aei?e?inoaa, ?aae?caoe?? ?iaanoeoe?eieo oa ?iiiaaoe?eieo i?iaeo?a.

6. Aoaeoeai?noue ia?aieo noai, aeae?a ? oi?i e?ceiao caeaaeeoue a?ae ?o
iaa?oiooaaiiy, canoinoaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo ? o?iainiaeo
iaoai?ci?a. Aeey ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? a ?iaio? aecia/ai? i?eioeeie ?
aeiiae aei no?oeoo?e ? ci?noo aeiaiai??a e?ceiao, ?ioeo aeieoiaio?a,
?ic?iaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ?o th?eaee/iiio ioi?ieaiith, Oeiia? c?acee
iniiaieo aeieoiaio?a i?aaenoaaeai? a aeiaeaoeo aei aeena?oaoe??.

7. A aeena?oaoe?? iaa?oioiaaii aeniiaie i?i oa,ui a i?ioean? oeeaaeaiiy
? ooieoe?iioaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo oaiae iaiao?aeii nie?aoeny ia ?acoeueoaoe
?o cae?eniaiiy. Aaoi?ii cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo e?ceiaiaeo
ieaoaae?a, yea aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe aea?? ?ici???a ? oi?i e?ceiaiai?
ieaoe, ioe?ithaaoe aoaeoeai?noue e?ceiaiaeo oaiae, ?iaanoeoe?eieo oa
?iiiaaoe?eieo i?iaeo?a.

8. Ia iniia? aiae?co ? ocaaaeueiaiiy ?nioth/i? i?aeoeee ?ic?iaeai?
i?iiiceoe?? ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei aaeineiiaeaiiy aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo oa iiiaeaoeoaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo iia?aoe?e, canoinoaaiiy yeeo
aeicaieeoueiie?ioeoe aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae o/anieeaie e?c?iaiai? oaiaee.

9. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noai?ththoue iniiao aeey
aeai?o ? iaa?oiooaaiiy e?ceiaiaeo i?iaeo?a, ?aae?caoe?y yeeo iiaea aeaoe
cia/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo. A aeena?oaoe?? i?aaenoaaeaiee i?iaeo
i?aai?caoe?? e?ceiao aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo, ?ic?iaeaiee
aaoi?ii c o/anoth ni?aaeeiiaaoe?a i?iaeoo.

10. Aeoiaey/e ?c ?aaeueii? neooaoe?? ui neeaeany a e?a?i?, ? i?iaiicieo
aeaieo ia iaeaeeae/o ia?niaeoeao, iiaeia noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui
aoaeoeai?noue e?ceiaiaeo a?aeiinei ? i?aeaeuaiiy ?o aieeao ia ?icaeoie
iaoe?iiaeueii? aeiiii?ee ? ae??oaiiy eiie?aoieo caaea/ iiaeooue aooe
caaacia/ai? ia aac? aaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ieo iaoai?ci?a
(/a?ac aaeineiiaeaiiy caeiiiaeaanoaa, aeiiii?/ieo iaoiae?a oi?aae?iiy,
ii?aeiaiiy ?ioa?an?a o/aniee?a e?ceiao, aeei?enoaiiy ??cieo aeaea?ae
o?iainiai? i?aeo?eiee, ni?yioaaiiy ?iaanoeoe?e a oaoi?/ia ia?aica?i?iiy
? iiiaeaiiy ae?iaieoeoaa).

Nienie ioae?eaoe?e aaoi?a ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. Aanaaeei A.O., Aeeaeo? N.A. I?aeiouanoaa oeiainiaiai eeceiaa eae
iaoiaea oeiaine?iaaiey niaa?oainoaiaaiey oaoie/aneiai ia?ea
i?aaei?eyoey. // Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?: Ca??iee
iieiaeeo a/aieo. Aei.2. — Ee?a.- 1996. — N.72-81.

2. Aeeaeo? N.A. Aii?oecaoeey eeceiaoaiiai iai?oaeiaaiey. // Oi?ioaaiiy
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?: Ca??iee iieiaeeo a/aieo. Aei.2. — Ee?a.-
1996. — N.96-100.

3. Aeeaeo? N.A. I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iee iaoai?ci aeei?enoaiiy
ie?aieo noai e?ceiao a ?iaanoeoe?ei?e oa ?iiiaaoe?ei?e ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa. // Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?: Ca??iee
iieiaeeo a/aieo. Aei.5. — Ee?a.- 1998. — N.107-112.

4. Aeeaeo? N.A. Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo e?ceiaiaeo ieaoaae?a. //
Oi?ioaaiiy ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?: Ca??iee iieiaeeo a/aieo. Aei.5.
— Ee?a.- 1998. — N. 179-186.

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