I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Oe?a?inueeee o?ainii?oiee oi?aa?neoao

*EA?EIAOeUe ?iia Aiaoie??aia

OAeE 656.13.07

I?AAI?CAOe?EII-AEIIII?*IA IAA?OIOOAAIIss

EIIA?Oe?EII? NO?EEINO? ?IAIOE

AAOIO?AINII?OIIAI I?AeI?E?INOAA

08.06.01 — aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aaoiiia?eueiee o?ainii?o caeia? cia/ia i?noea a
aeiiii?/i?e nenoai? Oe?a?ie. Aeiiii?/ia iacaeaaei?noue oa noaa?ai?oao
Oe?a?ie ia no/aniiio aoai? aeiaaa? ?ica’ycaiiy cia/ii? e?eueeino?
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo, aeiiii?/ieo oa o?iainiaeo caaea/,
iia’ycaieo c ooai?aiiyi oa iino?eiei ?icaeoeii i?aei?e?inoa ?
i?aai?caoe?e o?ainii?oiiai eiiieaeno.

Aaaeeeaa i?noea o ?ica’ycaii? oeeo caaea/ caeia? iaoeiai-i?eeeaaeia
caaea/a noai?aiiy oa iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo cania?a iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?ioean?a oa ia’?eo?a
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo (aaoi?aiiioi? oa aaoio?ainii?oi?
i?aei?e?inoaa, noaioe?? oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ? ?aiiioo aaoiiia?e?a
oiui).

Iaei??th c iniiaieo aioo??oi?o caaea/ i?aei?e?inoa aaoiiia?eueiiai
o?ainii?oo ? caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy i?aoeacaeaoiino?
aaoiiia?e?a.

Iaoe?iiaeueia aeiiii?ea ciaoiaeeoueny ia noaae?? ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo.
A?aeiia?aeath/e caaaeueiei caeiiii??iinoyi oeueiai noaio, aiia ia? nai?
iniaeeaino?, ye? iio??aii a?aoiaoaaoe o an?o noa?ao ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino?, a oiio /ene? ? a i?ioean? i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy no?eeino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? ?
i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy.

Ooiaeaiaioaeuei? oai?aoe/i?, iaoiaeieia?/i?, iaoiaee/i? ? ae?iaie/?
aniaeoe ieoaiue, ui a?aeiinyoueny aei iaa?oiooaaiiy eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa, aena?oeai? a i?aoeyo a?o/eciyieo ?
ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo: Aa?aiiaa A.?., Aeiooa ?., Aaeaaaiiaa ?.O., Ai?eooa
A.?., Ae?o?? E., ?aaiiai? I.TH., Iiae A.A., Iaoiaiei A., Eioaeyioey
A.?., E?in?oea ?.A., Neai?oeiaa I.I. oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo, ye? aianee
cia/iee aeeaae a ?ic?iaeo ??cieo iai?yie?a aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie.
Aea aiae?c iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei iaa?oiooaaiiy eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? ?iaioe aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa (AOI) iieacaa
a?aenooi?noue iaoiaee/ieo ?ic?iaie, ye? aeicaieyee a eiiieaenii, c
a?aooaaiiyi ?eieiaeo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? oaoiieia?/ieo iniaeeainoae
aeeiiaiiy o?ainii?oieo iineoa, iiaeaethaaoe eiia?oe?eio no?ee?noue
?iaioe AOI. Iayaia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ia e?oa?aoo?a a?aeia?aaea? caaaeueiee
oa?aeoa? eia?ee ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie a oiiaao aeiiii?ee ia?ao?aeiiai
ia??iaeo ? ?eieiaeo aca?iia?aeiinei. Oea aeaco? ia iaiao?aei?noue
?ic?iaee iaoiaee/ieo iniia ieaioaaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI.

Ioaea, oaia aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aeooaeueiith ? nai?/aniith.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii c ieaiaie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo
?ia?o Oe?a?inueeiai o?ainii?oiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca oaiaie: “?ic?iaea
?ano?nicaa??aath/eo oaoiieia?e ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo e aenieoaoaoe??
aaoiiia?e?a, ye? caaacia/othoue aenieo ye?noue ? aoaeoeai?noue”,
“Iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a oi?aae?iiy aaoio?ainii?oiei i?aei?e?inoaii”,
“Aeine?aeaeaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe aaoio?ainii?oiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?
caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe AOI ca ?aooiie ?ic?iaee iiaeaeae,
no?aoaa?e, aeai?eoi?a ? iaoiaeee iioei?caoe?? eiai eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? ? ?aae?caoe?? ia oe?e iniia? a ?aaeueiiio na?aaeiaeu?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy, iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
o?iainiai-aeiiii?/ieo ? i?aai?caoe?eieo iaoai?ci?a aca?iiae??
i?aei?e?inoaa c caiiaieeaie o?ainii?oieo iineoa c a?aooaaiiyi ciai?oi?o
? aioo??oi?o oaeoi??a.

O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iaoith aeena?oaoe?? iinoaaeai? ? ae??oai? oae?
caaea/?:

aea/eoe oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee iiaeaethaaiiy aaccaeoeiaino?
?iaioe AOI ? noi?ioethaaoe ia oe?e iniia? aieiai? iai?yiee i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? eiai ?iaioe ca no/anieo oiia;

ae?iaeoe eiioeaiooaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI a oiiaao ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo oa ca
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee;

i?iaanoe aiae?c ?eieiaiai na?aaeiaeua aaoio?ainii?oieo iineoa, a oaeiae
noi?ioethaaoe iaoiaeieia?/i? aniaeoe aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy AOI c
o?aooaaiiyi ciai?oi?o (iiieo) ? aioo??oi?o (i?iiiceoe?y) oaeoi??a;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy ioe?iee eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe
AOI ? aeiaanoe eiai aei i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe??;

?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aca?iica’yceo eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? AOI
c oaeoi?aie, ui ?? oi?iothoue;

?ic?iaeoe no?aoaa??, i?aai?caoe?ei? ? o?iainiai-aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie
caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI ca
no/anieo oiia.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?ioeane i?aai?caoe?? ae?iaieoeoaa,
oi?aae?iiy, i?iaiicoaaiiy ? ieaioaaiiy ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei?
ae?yeueiino? AOI, a yeeo eiia?oe?eia no?ee?noue ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa
?icaeyaea?oueny ye nenoaiia oa?aeoa?enoeea yeino? oa aoaeoeaiino? eiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ca ?eieiaeo oiia.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy. A aeena?oaoe?? aia?oa:

?c nenoaie i?aai?caoe?? ? oaoiieia?? ieaiiai? ?iaioe a aaoio?ainii?oieo
i?aei?e?inoaao aeae?eaia iniiaia eaiea-iiaeaethaaiiy eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? ?iaioe, yea aecia/a? iaoeiaa i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ia
iaa?oiooaaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa c o?aooaaiiyi
aeiia ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee;

aeiaaaeaia aaaeeea?noue iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aaee/eie iino?eieo
aeo?ao ye oaeoi?a, yeee aecia/a? iaiao?aeiee ?acoeueoao;

cai?iiiiiaaii iaoai?ci iiaeaethaaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe
aaoio?ainii?oiiai i?aei?e?inoaa, yeee ? iniiaith aeey ?ic?iaee
iaoiaeeee, ui aeeth/a? a naaa iaoiaee/i? iniiae iiaeaethaaiiy ?
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? c i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe aaoio?ainii?oiiai i?aei?e?inoaa;

cai?iiiiiaai? no?aoaa??, i?aai?caoe?ei? ? o?iainiai-aeiiii?/i? iaoai?cie
caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI;

?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aca?iica’yceo eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? AOI
c oaeoi?aie, ui ?? oi?iothoue.

Ooi/iai?:

iai?aaeaiiy eiieo?aioii? no?aoaa?? AOI;

iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy eii’thieoo?iiai aiae?co ?eieo aaoio?ainii?oieo
iineoa;

iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei iiaeaethaaiiy oi/ee aaccaeoeiaino? ?iaioe AOI
aoe?eiio ? aeey ie?aieo iineoa;

oai?aoe/ii-iaoiaee/i? iieiaeaiiy iiaeaethaaiiy iino?eieo oa ci?iieo
aeo?ao;

iaoiaee/iee i?aeo?ae aei oi?ioaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai ianeao iieaciee?a,
ui i?io?eththoue ?ic?aooiie eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa;

a?aie/i? oiiae iiaeaethaaiiy oi/ee aaccaeoeiaino? ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?
cai?iiiiiaai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeicaieythoue AOI:

a?aoiaoaaoe aeaiaioe ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei, caaacia/oth/e oeei aaeaioaoe?th
i?aei?e?inoaa aei iiaeo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaoai?ci cai?o ? ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??, ui aeicaiey?
iiaeaethaaoe aeiiii?/iee iioaioe?ae i?aei?e?inoaa c o?aooaaiiyi iiieoo ?
i?ia?cieo iiaeeeainoae ae?iaieoeoaa;

anoaiiaethaaoe oi/eo aaccaeoeiaino? ii eiaeiiio aeaeo iineoa ? aoe?eiio
ii i?aei?e?inoao;

aecia/eoe ??aaiue eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa a
caeaaeiino? a?ae aaee/eie oe?eueiaiai i?eaooeo ? ci?ie e?eoe/iiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeo?ao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe o oaoiaeo
aeaeaiiyo iioae?eiaaii o?noue iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, i’youe c yeeo
iaeiiin?ai? [1, 3, 4, 5, 6]. A ?iaio? [2] aaoi?ii aeaii? aeena?oaoe??
cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae oi?ioaaiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI c aeei?enoaiiyi ciai?oi?o (iiieo) ? aioo??oi?o
(i?iiiceoe?y) oaeoi??a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeiiia?aeaeenue ? io?eiaee
iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo Oe?a?inueeiai o?ainii?oiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo (1997-1999 ??.), iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ?aaeao AOI-1, AOI-3,
AOI-5 o??ie “Ee?aaoaeo?ain”, can?aeaii? nai?ia?o “Nenoaii?, iaoiaee
oi?aae?iiy, oaoiieia?y ? i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo ?
aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?e?a” (1997-1999 ??.).

Iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? ?aeiiaiaeiaai? oao?aoeyi
aaoiiia?eueiiai o?ainii?oo ye iaoiaee/iee iaoa??ae, ui aeicaiey?
aeeiioaaoe aa??aioi? ?ic?aooiee eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI.

Ioae?eaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeai? a aeaio iaoiaee/ieo
aeaeaiiyo (a?ioo?ao) ? /ioe?ueio noaooyo caaaeueiei ianyaii 4,3
ae?oeiaaieo a?eooa.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c
anooio, /ioe?ueio aeaa, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo
aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 135 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? aeeth/a? 37 oaaeeoeue, 34 ?enoiee, 3 aeiaeaoee ia
9 noi??ieao. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ia?aoiao? 142 iaeiaioaaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeana?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
noi?iiaai? iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iieacai? iaoeiaa iiaecia ?
i?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? aea/aiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ?ia?o
a?o/eciyieo ? ca?oa?aeieo a/aieo ?icaeyiooa oai??y oi?ioaaiiy
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa, ui a?oioo?oueny ia
?aeaieia?? ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee.

A ?eieiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy iiaeaethaaiith iieacieea eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? iiaeiia ia?aaeoaaoe e?euee?nia ? ye?nia ioe?iea a?aie/ieo oiia
iieaciee?a aoaeoeaiiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa. Oai?aoe/i? aniaeoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacothoue, ui aeey AOI oaeeie iieacieeaie iiaeooue
aooe: i?i?iaeueiee ianya iaaeaieo iineoa, ui caaacia/o? iie?eooy an?o
aeo?ao i?aei?e?inoaa; iaeneiaeueii-iiaeeeaee ianya iineoa, yeee
a?aeiia?aea? iiooaeiino? AOI c o?aooaaiiyi iioaioe?aeueiiai iiieoo ia
ia?aaacaiiy; aeiionoei? iaae? ci?ie ianyao ?aae?caoe?? iineoa c
i?i?iaeueiei ?eceeii aeey i?aei?e?inoaa io?eiaiiy caeoe?a; oe?eueiaee
i?eaooie, ui aeicaiey? noi?ioaaoe iaiao?aei? oiiaee aeey AOI oa
caaacia/o? nai?/anio aeieaoo an?o iiaeaoe?a a iiaiiio ianyc? ? a
iaiao?aeiee oa?i?i.

E?euee?nia ioe?iea a?aie/ieo oiia ?iaioe AOI ciaoiaeeoueny i?ae aieeaii
iiieoo ? i?iiiceoe??.

sse iieacaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, ye?nia ae??oaiiy caaea/, iia’ycaieo c
aecia/aiiyi a?aie/ieo oiia ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa ? oi?ioaaiiy
eiai i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ii? no?aoaa??, iiaeia io?eiaoe ia iniia?
iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo aaccaeoeiaino? ae?iaieoeoaa. I?e ?ice?eoo? noo?
oai??? ieoaiiy a ?iaio? i?eeiyo?: aea? iiaeae? aecia/aiiy e?eoe/iiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeo?ao – aeiiii?/ia ? noaoenoe/ia; aeiiouaiiy e?i?eiino?
ooieoe?e aeo?ao ? aeioiae?a; iaoaiaoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei ?ic?aooieo oi/ee
aaccaeoeiaino? iaaeaiiy iineoa ? aecia/aiiy iioaioe?aeueiiai ianyao
ia?aaacaiue aaco?oueny ia eiiieaeniiio a?aooaaii? on?o oaeoi??a: ye
ciai?oi?o, oae ? aioo??oi?o.

I?aaenoaaeaiee aeai?eoi ?ic?aooieo eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI
aeicaiey? iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe an? eiiiiiaioe iiaeae? aeiiii?/iiai
iioaioe?aeo i?aei?e?inoaa, a naia, neeaaeia? oi/ee aaccaeoeiaino? –
iino?ei? aeo?aoe ? iaeeie/iee i?eaooie iie?eooy; iioaioe?eiee ianya
iaaeaieo iineoa.

Aiae?oe/i? ?ic?iaee iieacothoue, ui iino?ei? aeo?aoe iio??aii
?icaeyaeaoe c a?aooaaiiyi ?o i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoiieia?/iiai i?ecia/aiiy.
Aa?aoueny aei oaaae no?oeoo?a oeeo aeo?ao, yea a e?ioeaaiio aeiaaeeo
i?io?eth? ?o aaeiao ?ici??i?noue, ui a ?acoeueoao? i?iyaey?oueny ia
iieacieeo e?eoe/iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeo?ao.

I?eaooie iie?eooy i?aaenoaaeaii ye ??cieoeth aaee/eie oa?eoo ? na?aaei?o
cia/aiue ci?iieo aeo?ao. Ca aeiiiiiaith oeueiai iieacieea ae?aoiao?oueny
aaee/eia eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa o aa?o?niiio
ae?aaeaii?, ye aeiaooie iaeeie/iiai i?eaooeo iie?eooy ? ianyao iineoa,
aeeiiaieo aeua ??aiy aaccaeoeiaino?.

Oai?aoe/i? iiooee, aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee aaoi?o
cai?iiiioaaoe eiioeaiooaeueiee i?aeo?ae, yeee e?a a iniiao
oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue ii i?iaaaeaiith aiae?co ?eieiaiai
na?aaeiaeua aaoio?ainii?oieo iineoa, eiiiiiaio?a ?ic?aooieo e?eoe/iiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeo?ao, aeyaeaiiy aieeao oaeoi??a ia eiia?oe?eio
no?ee?noue ?iaioe AOI.

Ia?ae?/ai? aniaeoe aeeiiaii? iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe, a?aeia?aaeai? a
eiioeaiooaeueiiio i?aeoiae?, ciaeoee na?e ?icaeoie o ae?oa?e ? o?ao?e
aeaaao aeena?oaoe??.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ia i?e?i- ? iae?i-oaeoi?ao,
ye? oi?iothoue i?aai?caoe?eio iniiao ooieoe?iioaaiiy AOI.

Iieacaii neeuei? ? neaa? noi?iie ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa a ?ic??c?
ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a: ?ice?eoi nooue na?aaeiaeua
aaciina?aaeiueiai ioi/aiiy i?aei?e?inoaa c a?aooaaiiyi aca?iiae?th/eo
noi??i – iinoa/aeueiee?a ?ano?n?a, eiieo?aio?a, i?aeia?iaeieo ia?oia??a.

I?e i?iaaaeaii? aiae?co aoei a?aei?/aii, ui ?nio? oe?eee ?yae
iieiaeaiue, ye? aecia/athoue ?ioa?an caiiaieea o?ainii?oo, ? ye? a
eiaeiiio eiie?aoiiio aeiaaeeo iio??aii aea/aoe i?e oeeaaeaii? aeiaiai?o
ia iineoae, a naia: ianya iineoa; ni?aa?aeiioaiiy nooiaiy caeaaeiino?
ia?oia??a; ??aaiue ?ioi?iiaaiino? ee??ioa; iayai?noue eiieo?oth/eo AOI;
/ooeea?noue ee??ioa aei oa?eoo.

Aiae?oe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui i?ae oa?eoii ? e?eoe/iei
ianyaii aeeiiaiiy iineoa ?nio? iaa?iaia caeaaei?noue; i?ae iino?eieie
aeo?aoaie ? e?eoe/iei ianyaii o?eno?oueny i?yia caeaaei?noue;
ca?eueoaiiy ci?iieo aeo?ao ni?ey? ia?iuoaaiith ??aiy e?eoe/iiai
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeo?ao, oiaoi ciaioaiith iane io?eiaiiai i?eaooeo, oiio
ui iieaciee eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI oa?aeoa?eco? iaaeeeoie
ianyao ?aae?caoe?? iineoa iaae ??aiai aaccaeoeiaino?.

Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy eiioeaiooaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo, aiae?oe/i? ?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy caaacia/eee iiaeeea?noue ?ic?iaee
iaoai?cio iiaeaethaaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe oi?ioaaiiy iaoai?cio
iiaeaethaaiiy iio??aiiai iieacieea. Oeae iaoai?ci ia?aaeaa/a?:
aecia/aiiy ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa ? ?aae?caoe?? iineoa c oi/ee ci?o
aaccaeoeiaino?; ca?eueoaiiy aio/eino? ieaioaaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino?
?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa oeyoii a?aooaaiiy iiaeeeaeo ci?i oa?eoo,
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ci?iieo ? iino?eieo aeo?ao, a oaeiae ianyao aeeiiaiiy
iineoa; aaeaioaoe?th i?aei?e?inoaa aei neooaoe?eieo iniaeeainoae eiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a ?icaeyiooiio ia??iae?.

Iaoai?ci iiaeaethaaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI i?aaenoaaeaii
ia ?en.1, ?c yeiai aeaeii oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/io iniiao iiaoaeiae
iaiao?aeiiai cia/aiiy aeaiiai iieacieea. A naia, aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ia
aaaaeaiy a iiaeaeue ?ic?aooieo oaeeo iieaciee?a: aeiione?a, ui
i?io?eththoue ?ic?aooiie oi/ee aaccaeoeiaino? ae?iaieoeoaa; ianyao
ae?iaieoeoaa aaoio?ainii?oieo iineoa, ui aaco?oueny ia iiooaeiino? ia?eo
?ooiiiai neeaaeo, iiieo? ia iineoae ? oe?eueiaiio i?eaooeo; aaee/eie
iaeeie/iiai i?eaooeo iie?eooy aeo?ao, yea i?io?eth? aoaeo ae?iaieoeoaa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiyi anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aeoeaiith eaieith i?e
aeio?eiaii? an?o iaoiaee/ieo aniaeo?a iiaeaethaaiiy aaee/eie
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI ? oi/ea aaccaeoeiaino? ae?iaieoeoaa
(e?eoe/ia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeo?ao). A ca’yceo c oeei a aeena?oaoe??
i?iiiio?oueny ?ic?aooiie ?? ?ici??iino? a caeaaeiino? a?ae ci?i
iieaciee?a (oaae.1)

A cia/aii? eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa ?acii ?c ci?iith
ianyao ?aae?caoe?? iineoa iaae ??aiai aaccaeoeiaino? i?io?eth? i?eaooie
iie?eooy.

?en. 1. Noaia iaoai?cio iiaeaethaaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI

A aeine?aeaeaii? ia?aaeaa/aia iaiao?aei?noue eiio?ieth ca io?eiaiith
?ioi?iaoe??th ? aa??aioia iiaeaethaaiiy oi/ee aaccaeoeiaino?, oiaoi, ?
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa.

Oaaeeoey 1

Aecia/aiiy e?eoe/iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeo?ao c a?aooaaiiyi
?ic?aooieiaiai ? aaceniiai aa??aioo

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? i?aaenoaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee iaoaiaoe/ii?
iiaeae? aca?iica’yceo eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? c oaeoi?aie, ui ??
oi?iothoue. Iieacaii, ui caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?iaioe AOI
caiaeeoueny aei iioei?caoe?? oe?eueiai? ooieoe??:

, (1)

aea Rij – aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a j-ai iaeiaioaaiiy ia cae?eniaiiy ia?aaacaiue
ia i-o i?ii?aeeo /ano;

Aei – aeioiaee io?eiai? a?ae ia?aaacaiiy aaioaae?a ia i-o i?ii?aeeo
/ano;

Uij – i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/i? caoiaee (oi?aae?inuee? ae??) j-ai
iaeiaioaaiiy, ?aae?ciaai? ia i-o i?ii?aeeo /ano.

).

aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue ?o i?iaiicoaaiiy.

I?iaiicoaaiiy cia/aiue aeioiae?a oa aeo?ao iiaeia io?eiaoe ia iniia?
aeiiii?ei-noioanoe/ieo iiaeaeae oeio:

— a?aeiia?aeii oaeoi?e, ye? aieeaathoue ia aaee/eio Aei oa Ri ia ?-o
i?ii?aeeo /ano.

Oaeei /eiii, aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ia?aaacaiue aeieea?
iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaethaaiiy ae?yeueiino? AOI c iaoith aecia/aiiy
oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue , ye ia aeioiaee oae ? ia
aeo?aoe ?ano?n?a iaiao?aeieo aeey ?o io?eiaiiy. Noaoenoe/ia ia?iaea
iaoa??ae?a i’yoe aaoio?ainii?oieo i?aei?e?inoa, iaaeaieo ca 5 ?ie?a
aeicaieeea io?eiaoe a?aeiia?aei? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?.

Oae, caeaaei?noue aeioiae?a a?ae oaeoi??a, ui ?o oi?iothoue, iieno?oueny
ae?acii

(2)

aea Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4 – a?aeiia?aeii aaoiiia?ea-aei? ?iaioe ?ooiiiai
neeaaeo ia e?i??,

i?ia?a ?ooiiiai neeaaeo, eiao?oe??io
aeei?enoaiiy ?ooiiiai

neeaaeo, eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?ao;

— iioeaea iiaeaethaaiiy (ca aeaieie aenia?eiaioo noaiiaeoue – 3,65%).

Caeaaei?noue caaaeueieo aeo?ao a?ae neeaaeiaeo iieno?oueny ae?acii

(3)

aea O1, O2, O3, O4, O5 – a?aeiia?aeii ca?ia?oia ieaoa c ia?aooaaiiyie,
aeo?aoaie ia iaeeaii-ianoeeuei? iaoa??-aee, aeo?aoe ia
aenieoaoaoe?ei? iaoa??aee oa caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai oaoi?/iiai ??aiy,
aii?oecaoe?y ?ooiiiai neeaaeo, iaeeaaei? aeo?aoe;

— iioeaea iiaeaethaaiiy (ca aeaieie aenia?eiaioo noaiiaeoue –
4,32%).

?c ae?aco (2) aeaeii, ui aaee/eie Z1,…, Z4 iiceoeaii aieeaathoue ia
c?inoaiiy aeioiae?a. Oaeei /eiii aeieea? iio?aaa iinoaiiaee ?
aoaeoeaiiai ?ica’ycaiiy i?eeeaaeieo caaea/, ui iai?aaeai? ia c?inoaiiy
oaoi?ei-aenieoaoaoe?eieo iieaciee?a Z1,…, Z4.

A i?ioean? i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaiaeeeenue ?iaioa ii ?ic?iaoe?
eiino?oeoeaieo ??oaiue, iai?aaeaieo ia caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? AOI oa aoaeoeaiiai eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? AOI aeieea?
iaiao?aei?noue i?iaiicoaaiiy aaee/ei Ae(t), R(t), Ae(Zk), R(Xn), ye?
c?aooith aeicaieythoue i?eeiyoe a?aeiia?aei? oi?aae?inuee? ??oaiiy.

, yea oa?aeoa?eco? i?ioeaio na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/iiai a?aeoeeaiiy
i?iaiinoe/ieo ioe?iie iieaciee?a a?ae ?o oaeoe/ieo cia/aiue.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaiicoaaiiy iniiaieo iieaciee?a ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei?
? o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? AOI iaaaaeai? o oaaeeoe? 2.

Ii??aithth/e aaee/eie Ae*(t) oa R*(t), aecia/a?oueny ??aaiue
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? AOI. sseui a?i ia a?aeiia?aea? iaiao?aeiei
aeiiaai, oi aecia/a?oueny ?yae caoiae?a, ye? iaiao?aeii i?e oeueiio
?ic?iaeoe oa ai?iaaaeeoe.

Oaaeeoey 2

Iioeaee i?iaiicoaaiiy iniiaieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe AOI.

No?oeoo?ia noaia aeai?eoio caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? AOI i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en. 2.

Ia iniia? noaoenoe/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? ?iaioe AOI (aeie 1) cae?enith?oueny
i?iaiicoaaiiy aaee/ei Ae*(t) oa R*(t). Ia iniia? i?iaiinoe/ieo ioe?iie
aaee/ei aeioiae?a oa aeo?ao (aeie 2) aecia/athoueny aaee/eie
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? oa i?eaooeo, ye? caaacia/othoue ooieoe?iioaaiiy
AOI a ?aaeei? naiiieoiiino? oa naiio?iainoaaiiy (aeie 3,4). sseui
aaee/eia eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? a?eueoa aai ??aia caaeai?e, oi?io?oueny
ianea aeo?aeii? aeieoiaioaoe?? noiniaii ooieoe?iioaaiiy neoaea ?
ooieoe?iiaeueieo i?ae?icae?e?a AOI, ?ic?iaey?oueny ieai ?aae?caoe??
a?aeiia?aeieo oi?aae?inueeeo i?ioeaaeo?.

?en. 2. No?oeoo?ia noaia aeai?eoio caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? AOI.

?ic?iaeythoueny a?aeiia?aei? i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/i? caoiaee,
iai?aaeai? ia caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino?
AOI (aeie 8).

Cai?iiiiiaaiee aeai?eoi aeicaieea nooo?ai iie?ioeoe aoaeoeai?noue
?iaioe AOI ca ?aooiie i?iaiicoaaiiy iieaciee?a
ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? oa o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoaa ?
?ic?iaeoe ia oe?e iniia? iaiao?aei? oi?aae?inuee? ae??.

?ic?iaea no?aoaa?e caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? AOI ? aaaaoianiaeoiith caaea/ath, a ye?e ?icaeyaeathoueny on?
noi?iie ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa. I?eeiath/e aei oaaae iniaeeaino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a AOI oa ??aaiue aeei?enoaiiy eiai
ae?iaie/i-oaoi?/iiai iioaioe?aeo, iiaeia aeae?eeoe o?e aeueoa?iaoeai?
no?aoaa?? (oaae. 3), c yeeo aeaeii, ui no?aoaa?? caaacia/aiiy
iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? AOI (Eo) a?ae??ciythoueny
iaeia a?ae iaeii? ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi oaeoe/iiai ? caaeaiiai cia/aiue
aaee/eie Eo.

Oaaeeoey 3

No?aoaa?? caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? AOI.

; Cik = (} ooieoe?iioaaiiy ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a AOI (i?ioeane
ia?aaacaiue, ?aiiioo ? oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?ooiiiai neeaaeo)
caaacia/o? iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

); Cik = Cik{C21, C22, C23} ia?aaeaa/a? c?inoaiiy ??aiy eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? a?aeiinii iaia?aae caaeaiiai. Oaea yaeua aeieea? i?e c?inoaii?
ianya?a ia?aaacaiue, cieaeaii? aeo?ao. Aeey ?aae?caoe?? no?aoaa?? S2
aeieea? i?iaeaia aoaeoeaiiai ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaea/:

1. C21 – iioei?caoe?y ia?o?oo?a ia?aaacaiue c iaoith c?inoaiiy
i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia?aaacaiue.

2. C22 – iioei?caoe?y no?oeoo?e ?ooiiiai neeaaeo.

3. C23 – aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioean?a ?aiiioo ? oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy
?ooiiiai neeaaeo c iaoith c?inoaiiy eiao?oe??ioa aeioneo eiai ia e?i?th.

; Cik = Cik{C21, C22, C23, C24, C25} ia?aaeaa/a? ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ –
C24 (ia?eaoeiaia? aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoith iiooeo aeiaeaoeiaeo ee??io?a)
oa C25 (iioei?caoe?y oa?eo?a c a?aooaaiiyi ni?aa?aeiioaiiy i?ae iiieoii
oa i?iiiceoe??th).

I?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiith ?
no?aoaa?y S1 , yea o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ?aae?co?oueny o i?aeoe/i?e
ae?yeueiino? AOI. Oae, o 36% aeiaaee?a ia i?aei?e?inoaao, ye?
aeine?aeaeoaaeenue, aoea ?aae?ciaaia no?aoaa?y S1. O 2% aeiaaee?a aoea
?aae?ciaaia no?aoaa?y S2, a o 63% ?aae?coaaeanue no?aoaa?y S3. Oaea
noaiiaeua na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ? iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee oa aoaeoeaii?
?aae?caoe?? iaoeiai-i?eeeaaeieo caaea/ caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? AOI ca no/anieo oiia ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

AENIIAEE

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai? oae? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. Cai?iiiiiaaiee nenoaiiee i?aeo?ae aei iinoaiiaee oa ae??oaiiy
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo ? i?eeeaaeieo caaea/ caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI.

Nooue cai?iiiiiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo iieyaa? a oiio, ui i?e aecia/aii?
ae?iaie/i-aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo AOI, a?aoiao?oueny i???ioaoe?y
i?aei?e?inoaa ia io?eiaiiy i?i?iaeueieo aeo?ao, ye? caaacia/othoue
aaccaeoeia?noue ae?iaieoeoaa ? caaeaio aaee/eio oe?eueiaiai i?eaooeo.

2. I?iaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI iieacaee, ui aeey io?eiaiiy iaiao?aeii? ??
aaee/eie aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aeaio a?aie/ieo
oi/ie aoaeoeaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa – e?eoe/iiai ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeo?ao, ye?
oi?iothoueny c a?aooaaiiyi iiieoo, oa i?iiiceoe?? ia aaoio?ainii?oi?
iineoae. Ia ??ai? i?aei?e?inoaa oea aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii ea?oaaiiy
oaeoi?aie, ye? oi?iothoue eiia?oe?eio no?ee?noue eiai ?iaioe.

3. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy oi/ee aaccaeoeiaino? ?iaioe AOI,
?aae?caoe?y yei? caaacia/o? ?iaioo i?aei?e?inoaa a ?aaeei? naiiieoiiino?
oa naiio?iainoaaiiy ca no/anieo oiia.

4. Cai?iiiiiaaia iiaeaeue oi?ioaaiiy oa?eo?a c a?aooaaiiyi iaiao?aeiiai
??aiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino?, iiieoo ia ia?aaacaiiy oa iayai? ae?iaie/?
iiooaeiino? i?aei?e?inoaa.

5. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ??aaiue eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI caeaaeeoue
a?ae cia/ii? e?eueeino? oaeoi??a, ye? iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe i?e
oi?ioaaii? a?aeiia?aeieo oi?aae?inueeeo oa i?aai?caoe?eieo caoiae?a.
Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe iiaoaeiaai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?
aca?iica’yceo eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI c oaeoi?aie, ui ??
oi?iothoue ? neoaeaoue iniiaith aeey nai?/anii? oa aoaeoeaii? ?ic?iaee
iaiao?aeieo aeai?eoi?a ? i?aai?caoe?eii-oaoi?/ieo caoiae?a
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa a ?aaeei? naiio?iainoaaiiy, oiaoi c
iaiao?aeiei ??aiai eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino?.

6. Aeey oi?ioaaiiy iioeiaeueieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue ?iaioe
i?aei?e?inoaa ?ic?iaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae?, e?eoa??? ? aeai?eoie
i?iaiicoaaiiy iniiaieo iieaciee?a ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ?
o?iainiai? ae?yeueiino? AOI, ye? ? iniiaith aeey aecia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai
??aiy eiai eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino?.

7. Aeey aoaeoeaiiai oi?ioaaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?? oi?aae?inueeeo ae?e oa
caaacia/aiiy iaiao?aeiiai ??aiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe AOI
cai?iiiiiaaii a?aeiia?aei? no?aoaa??, ye? iia’ycothoue a ?aeeio nenoaio
on? aniaeoe aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.
?aae?caoe?y cai?iiiiiaaieo no?aoaa?e ia eiie?aoiiio AOI caaacia/o?
aenieo aoaeoeai?noue oa iaiao?aeiee ??aaiue eiai eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino?.

8. Cai?iiiiiaai? iiaeae?, iaoiaeeee, no?aoaa?? ? aeai?eoie iiaeooue aooe
?aae?ciaai? a ??cieo AOI, iacaeaaeii a?ae oi?ie aeaniino? ? aaeocaaiai
i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue i?iiiceoe?e aeey oao?aoe?a AOI iieyaa? a oiio, ui
eiai ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue ?i i?aaeeueii ioe?ieoe nai? eiieo?aioi?
ia?aaaae ia iniia? anoaiiaeaiiy ?ie? ? i?noey i?aei?e?inoaa a ?aieao
?eieo iineoa, aea?aoe ?aoe?iiaeueio no?aoaa?th ii aeeiiaiith iineoa.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaaaeai? aei i?aeoe/ii? ?aae?caoe??
oa ai?iaaaeaeai? a AOI-5 o??ie “Ee?aaoaeo?ain” ? a AO CO, AOI-13069
I?io?aino Oe?a?ie.

Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iaoiaeeee oi?ioaaiiy oa?eo?a ia ia?aaacaiiy aaioaae?a
caaacia/eei c?inoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? ?ooiiiai neeaaeo ia 5,2%,
aeioiae?a ia 6,3%, i?eaooeo ia 6,1%; ?aae?caoe?y iaoiaeeee ieaioaaiiy
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe i?aei?e?inoaa aeicaieeea cieceoe aeo?aoe
ia cae?eniaiiy ia?aaacaiue aaioaae?a ia 3,8%; ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeaeae
i?iaiicoaaiiy iniiaieo iieaciee?a ae?iaie/i-ainiiaea?nueei? ae?yeueiino?
aeicaieeei ca?eueoeoe eiao?oe??io aeei?enoaiiy ia?eo ia 4,9, eiao?oe??io
aeei?enoaiiy i?ia?ao ia 5,35%, i?eaooie ia 3,2% iie?ioeoe ye?noue
o?ainii?oiiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy ee??io?a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ?iaioao:

*ea?eiaoeue ?.A. “Ieaioaaiiy i?ia?cieo iiaeeeainoae aaoio?ainii?oiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa a oiiaao ?eieo”. // I?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
?io?ano?oeoo?e.: Ca.iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 2 – E.: EIOOeA, 1998,
N.224-229.

*ea?eiaoeue ?.A., *ea?eiaoeue I.A. “Oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee aei
iiaeaethaaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe aaoio?ainii?oiiai
i?aei?e?inoaa” // I?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?io?ano?oeoo?e.:
Ca.iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 3. – E.: EIOOeA, 1998, N.160-172.

*ea?eiaoeue ?.A. “Eiioeaiooaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei ieaioaaiiy eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? ?iaioe aaoio?ainii?oiiai i?aei?e?inoaa” // I?iaeaie
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?io?ano?oeoo?e.: Ca.iaoeiaeo i?aoeue. Aeione 3.
– E.: EIOOeA, 1998, N.172-177.

*ea?eiaoeue ?.A. “Aiae?oe/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino?
?iaioe aaoio?ainii?oiiai i?aei?e?inoaa” – E.: OOO, 1999, 27 n.

*ea?eiaoeue ?.A. “I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/i? aniaeoe caaacia/aiiy
eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? AOI” – E.: OOO, 1999, 18 n.

*ea?eiaoeue ?.A. “Iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aca?iica’yceo eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? AOI c oaeoi?aie, ui ?? oi?iothoue”// Nenoaii? iaoiaee
ea?oaaiiy, oaoiieia?y oa i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa, ?aiiioo ?
aenieoaoaoe?? aaoiiia?e?a: Ca.iaoeiaeo i?aoeue – E.: OOO, OAO, Aei.6 —
1999. – N. 130-133.

Aiioaoe?y

*ea?eiaoeue ?.A. I?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy eiia?oe?eii?
no?eeino? ?iaioe aaoio?ainii?oiiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.01. – Aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y
ae?iaieoeoaa – Oe?a?inueeee o?ainii?oiee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeai? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/i? aniaeoe
i?aai?caoe?eii-aeiiii?/iiai iaa?oiooaaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino? ?iaioe
aaoio?ainii?oiiai i?aei?e?inoaa.

?ic?iaeaiee iaoai?ci iiaeaethaaiiy eiia?oe?eii? no?eeino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy i?aei?e?inoaa aeicaiey? oao?aoeyi aaeoc? iaa?oiooaaoe
no?aoaa?th iiaaae?iee ia ?eieo aaoio?ainii?oieo iineoa c o?aooaaiiyi
?icaeoeo aeiiii?/iiai iioaioe?aeo eiie?aoiiai AOI.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: i?aai?caoe?y, oi/ea aaccaeoeiaino?, iiieo, i?iiiceoe?y,
eiioeaioe?y, no?aoaa?y, iaoiaeeea, iiaeaethaaiiy.

Aiiioaoeey.

*ea?eiaoe E.A. I?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneia iainiiaaiea eiiia?/aneie
onoie/eainoe ?aaiou aaoio?ainii?oiiai i?aaei?eyoey.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.01 – Yeiiiieea i?aaei?eyoey e i?aaiecaoeey
i?iecaiaenoaa. – Oe?aeineee o?ainii?oiue oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999a.

A aeenna?oaoeee eco/aaony oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/aneea iiaeoiaeu
iiaeaee?iaaiey aacoauoi/iinoe ?aaiou aaoio?ainii?oiuo i?aaei?eyoee.

?ac?aaioaiu iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneea aniaeou i?aaiecaoeeiiii-iaoiaee/aneiai
iainiiaaiey eiiia?/aneie onoie/eainoe ?aaiou aaoio?ainii?oiiai
i?aaei?eyoey.

?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue acaeiinayce eiiia?/aneie
onoie/eainoe AOI n oaeoi?aie, /oi aa oi?ie?oao, eioi?ay iaania/eaaao
ia?aoiae e iinoaiiaea e ?aoaieth caaea/, iaoneaaeeaathuea yooaeoeaiinoue
?aaiou i?aaei?eyoey a aeaiiuo oneiaeyo.

Iao/iay iiaecia enneaaeiaaiee e iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia caeeth/aaony a
oii, /oi a ?aaioa aaoio?ainii?oiuo i?aaei?eyoee auaeaeaii aeaaiia caaii
– iiaeaee?iaaiea eiiia?/aneie onoie/eainoe eo ooieoeeiie?iaaiea, eioi?ia
ii?aaeaeyao iao/iia e i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneia iainiiaaiea
eiiia?/aneie onoie/eainoe ?aaiou i?aaei?eyoey n o/aoii o?aaiaaiee
?uii/iie yeiiiieee.

Aeieacaia aaaeiinoue iao/iiai iainiiaaiey aaee/eiu iinoiyiiuo cao?ao,
eae oaeoi?a, eioi?ue ii?aaeaeyao iaiaoiaeeiue ?acoeueoao.

I?aaeeiaeai iaoaieci iiaeaee?iaaiey eiiia?/aneie onoie/eainoe ?aaiou
aaoio?ainii?oiiai i?aaei?eyoey, eioi?ue yaeyaony iniiaie aeey ?ac?aaioee
iaoiaeeee, aeeth/athuae a naay iaoiaee/aneea iniiau iiaeaee?iaaiey e
i?aeoe/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii i?aaiecaoeeiiii-yeiiiie/aneiio
iainiiaaieth eiiia?/aneie onoie/eainoe ?aaiou AOI.

I?aaeeiaeaiu no?aoaaee, i?aaiecaoeeiiiua e oeiainiai-yeiiiie/aneea
iaoaieciu iaania/aiey iaiaoiaeeiiai o?iaiy eiiia?/aneie onoie/eainoe
?aaiou AOI.

Ooi/iaiu: iai?aaeaiey eiieo?aioiie no?aoaaee AOI, iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiey
eiiuthieoo?iiai aiaeeca ?uiea aaoio?ainii?oiuo oneoa, iaoiaee/aneee
iiaeoiae e iiaeaee?iaaieth i/ee aacoauoi/iinoe ?aaiou AOI a oeaeii e
aeey ioaeaeueiuo oneoa, oai?aoeei-iaoiaee/aneea iieiaeaiey
iiaeaee?iaaiey iinoiyiiuo e ia?aiaiiuo cao?ao, iaoiaee/aneee iiaeoiae
e oi?ie?iaaieth eioi?iaoeeiiiiai ianneaa iieacaoaeae, eioi?ua
i?ioeee?otho ?an/ao eiiia?/aneie onoie/eainoe ?aaiou i?aaei?eyoey.

I?aaeeiaeaiu iieiaeaiey, eioi?ua iicaieytho aaoio?ainii?oiiio
i?aaei?eyoeth: o/eouaaoue yeaiaiou ?uii/iuo ioiioaiee, iaania/eaay yoei
aaeaioaoeeth i?aaei?eyoee e iiaui oneiaey oicyenoaiaaiey; onoaiaaeeaaoue
oi/eo aacoauoi/iinoe ii eaaeaeiio aeaeo oneoa e a oeaeii ii
i?aaei?eyoeth.

?acoeueoaoeaiinoue iniiaiuo iieiaeaiee aeaao aiciiaeiinoue
eniieueciaaoue iaoaieci nai?a e ia?aaioee eioi?iaoeee, iicaieythuae
iiaeaee?iaaoue yeiiiie/aneee iioaioeeae i?aaei?eyoey n o/aoii ni?ina e
i?iaiciuo aiciiaeiinoae i?iecaiaenoaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: i?aaiecaoeey, oi/ea aacoauoi/iinoe, ni?in,
i?aaeeiaeaiea, eiioeaioeey, no?aoaaey, iaoiaeeea, iiaeaee?iaaiea.

ANNOTATION

Chigrinets I.A. The organizational — economic substantiation of
commercial stability of operation of motor transportation firm.

Thesis on competition of a scientific degree of the candidate of
engineering science on a specialty 08.06.01 — Economy of firm and
organization of production, Ukrainian transport university, Kiev, 1999a.

There are developed in this thesis the scientific-methodical aspects of
the organizational – commercial substantiation of commercial stability
of operation of motor transportation firm

The mathematical model of correlation of commercial stability of MTF
with the factors is developed, that it forms, which ensures transition
to setting and problem solving causing an overall performance of firm in
data conditions.

Key word: organization, point of losses-less, demand, sentence, concept,
strategy, technique, simulation.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 24.06.1999. Oi?iao 60 O 90 O 1/16. Iai?? ionaoiee.
Ae?oe ionaoiee. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 1,16. O?ce/iee a?e. 1,25. Caiiaeaiiy
– 53. Oe?aae – 100.

Ae?oea?iy OIA “Aeaeoe?y”

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Oe?a?inueeee o?ainii?oiee oi?aa?neoao

*EA?EIAOeUe ?iia Aiaoie??aia

OAeE 656.13.07

I?AAI?CAOe?EII-AEIIII?*IA IAA?OIOOAAIIss

EIIA?Oe?EII? NO?EEINO? ?IAIOE

AAOIO?AINII?OIIAI I?AeI?E?INOAA

08.06.01 – aeiiii?ea i?aei?e?inoaa ? i?aai?caoe?y ae?iaieoeoaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oe?a?inueeiio o?ainii?oiiio oi?aa?neoao? I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: i?ioani? eaoaae?e “Aeiiii?ea

oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??”,

Ee?anueeee i?aeia?iaeiee oi?aa?neoao

oeea?eueii? aa?aoe??,

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

Caea?aaa Oaia?a Ieaenaiae??aia,

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aieiaiee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Eioaeyiaoeue A?eoi? ?aaiiae/, ?inoeooo aa?a?ii?
aeiiii?ee OAAI;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe,
Naiaeae Ieoaeei Aeieo?iae/, aee?aeoi? AOI ?14607 I?io?ainii?oo Oe?a?ie,
i. Ae?iaiae/.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: No?aeiioe?a?inueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Eoaainuee.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “____”___________1999 ?ieo i ______ aiae., ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.059.01 i?e Oe?a?inueeiio
o?ainii?oiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 252010, i. Ee?a – 10, aoe.
Noai?iaa, 1

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oe?a?inueeiai
o?ainii?oiiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “____”____________1999 ?ieo.

Nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, i?ioani?
I.O.Eiaaeueia

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