AEAAeAI?ss I?EEI?AeIIIEO A?ENUeE OE?A?IE

?iai? AIAAeAIA OIAEUeIEOeUeEIAI

ss??i Aieiaeeie? Ieoaeeiae/

OAeE 344 (477)

I?AAI?CAOe?EI? OA I?AAIA? INIIAE

Ae?ssEUeIINO? I?AAI?A Ae?CIAIIss

A I?EEI?AeIIIEO A?ENUeEAO OE?A?IE

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 20.02.03

A?enueeiaa i?aai; a?enueeia? aniaeoe

i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe

Caeiaoaa/ ss??i A. I.

Oiaeueieoeueeee — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oai??? oa ?noi??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa
Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?i. A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — caneoaeaiee th?eno Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo
iaoe,

i?ioani? EENE*AIEI A?oae?e Einoyioeiiae/,

Aeaaeai?y Neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a e?ei?iae?noeee, i?ioani? eaoaae?e.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee ? oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, aeieoi? th?eaee/ieo iaoe,
i?ioani?, A?IOIAEE TH??e Ieoaeeiae/, Aeaaeai?y i?aaiaeo iaoe Oe?a?ie,
a?oea-i?aceaeaio Aeaaeai??;

eaiaeeaeao th?eaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio OOIEEI Ieeiea ?ai?iae/, Aeaaeai?y
neoaeae aaciaee Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a e?ei?iaeueiiai i?aaa ? i?ioeano,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Iaoe?iiaeueia aeaaeai?y aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie,
eaoaae?a e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano, I?i?noa?noai aioo??oi?o ni?aa Oe?a?ie,
i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 9 ” ethoiai 1999 ?ieo i 10 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 70.705.02 Aeaaeai??
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?iai? Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai ca
aae?anith: 280003, i. Oiaeueieoeueeee, aoe. Oaa/aiea, 46.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Aeaaeai??
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie ?iai? Aiaaeaia Oiaeueieoeueeiai (280003,
i.Oiaeueieoeueeee — 3, aoe.Oaa/aiea, 46).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 30 “ a?oaeiy 1998 ?ieo.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe,

aeioeaio Aae?iia A. A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aeeiai?/i? ci?ie a ??cieo noa?ao noni?eueiiai
aeeooy, ?aoi?ioaaiiy i?aai?a aeaaee ? oi?aae?iiy, ui a?aeaoaathoueny
i?ney i?eeiyooy Aeaeea?aoe?? i?i aea?aeaaiee noaa?ai?oao Oe?a?ie, ?
i?iaieioaiiy ?? iacaeaaeiino? oa ca?aeii aei Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie
ni?yiiaai? ia iiaoaeiao aeaiie?aoe/ii?, nioe?aeueii?, i?aaiai?
aea?aeaae, caaacia/aiiy i?aa ? naiaiae ethaeeie oa aeciaiiy i??i?eoaoo
iniae o caa?iia?aeiineiao c aea?aeaaith — ana oea aaaeeea? oiiae
no/aniiai ?icaeoeo oe?a?inueeiai noni?euenoaa. A oeueiio ca’yceo
a?aeiia?aeaeuei? caaaeaiiy iinoathoue ia?aae i?aaiioi?iiieie i?aaiaie,
ai naia ia ieo caeiiii iieeaaeai? iaia’ycee caaacia/aiiy iie?oe/ii? oa
aeiiii?/ii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie, caoeno i?aa oa ?ioa?an?a a?iiaaeyi. Nooue
?o caaaeueieo caaaeaiue caiaeeoueny, ia?o ca ana, aei aaeineiiaeaiiy
nai?? i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e, i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?iiae?cio eaae??a,
neoaeaiai? aeenoeeie?ie, iia?aoeaiino? oa ocaiaeaeaiiy aca?iiae??,
cai?iaaaeaeaiiy aoaeoeaieo oi?i ? iaoiae?a ai?ioueae c ii?ooaiiyie
caeii?a oa cei/eii?noth. Aeacai? caaaeaiiy a?aeiinyoueny ? aei
eiiaiaee??a a?enueeiaeo /anoei, c’?aeiaiue, ia/aeueiee?a a?enueeiaeo
onoaiia I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee, ye? iaae?eai? i?aaii i?iaiaeeoe
?icne?aeoaaiiy o ni?aaao i?i an? cei/eie, ia?ae?/ai? a i.3 no.101
E?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie (EIE).

Oiio ia?aae I?eei?aeiiieie a?enueeaie iinoathoue oae? ieoaiiy, ye
?icoe?aiiy oyaeaiue oa iiaeeaeaiiy ciaiue a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a i?i
?ieue i?aaa oa aeiaea?aeaiiy caeiiiino? a ae?yeueiino? on?o
i?ae?icae?e?a, i?eaaaeaiiy o a?aeiia?aei?noue aei iieiaeaiue
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie ? /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa ?aaoethaaiiy i?iaaaeaeaiiy
ae?ciaiiy, iia?aoeaii-?icooeiai? ae?yeueiino? oa ia?aaeaa/aieo
?ino?oeoe??th i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie oi?i ?
iaoiae?a cae?eniaiiy ?ioeo i?ioeanoaeueieo ae?e ? i?aaicanoiniaieo
caoiae?a (aaei?i?no?aoeaia ?icne?aeoaaiiy (i.3), i?ioieieueia oi?ia
aeinoaeiai? i?aeaioiaee iaoa??ae?a (i.58) ? ?i.).

Cia/aiiy oeeo aeiia aeey ae?yeueiino? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee oa ?ioeo
a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue ? i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a c?inoa? a aniaeo?
?aae?caoe?? oaeeo eiinoeoooe?eieo i?eioeei?a, ye aa?oiaainoai i?aaa,
aca?iia?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue aea?aeaae ? iniae, ci?oeiaiiy i?aaiii?yaeeo
oa caaacia/aiiy aa?aio?e i?aa ? naiaiae a?iiaaeyi, ?icaeoie
i?aaina?aeiiino? ? i?aaiai? eoeueoo?e noni?euenoaa, ai?ioueaa c
i?aaiii?ooaiiyie ? cei/eii?noth oa ?ioeo.

Ana oea aeiaaa? ia?iuoaaiiy coneeue a ae?yeueiino? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee
oa ?ioeo i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a, aeei?enoaiiy aeina?aeo ?icaeiooeo e?a?i
na?oo a ai?iouea? c ??cieie aeaeaie i?aaiii?ooaiue a iaaeao nai?o
iiaiiaaaeaiue ? canoinoaaiiy a oeeo oe?eyo iiaeo iaoeiaeo iaoiae?a ?
oaoi?/ieo cania?a. Ne?ae cacia/eoe, ui eeth/iaei caaaeaiiyi caa?aaeaiiy
oa ?icaeoeo Ca?ieieo nee ? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee, iineeaiiy ?o
?nioth/eo aieiaeo iioaioe?ae?a, i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?eii?
i?aeaioiaee eaae??a, ??aiy aeeooy a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a ?
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy iino?eii i?eae?ey?oueny oaaaa
Aa?oiaiith ?aaeith Oe?a?ie, I?aceaeaioii, O?yaeii, a oaeiae
ea??aieoeoaii a?aeiia?aeieo a?aeiinoa. Ii?yae c oeei ae??oaiiy aaaaoueio
ieoaiue uiaei ci?oeiaiiy ai?caeaoiino?, i?aai?ciaaiiino?, aeio?eiaiiy
aeiia caeiio ? a?enueeiaeo noaooo?a, i?aeaeuaiiy i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
iniaiaiai neeaaeo, neoaeaiai? aeenoeeie?ie ? ai?ioueae c
i?aaiii?ooaiiyie iieeaaea?oueny ia nai? a?enueeia? oi?ioaaiiy. ?c
eiinoeoooe?eieo iieiaeaiue i?i iiaoaeiao a Oe?a?i? i?aaiai? aea?aeaae
aeieeaa? oe?ieee eiiieaen caaaeaiue, ye? a i?ioean? ?o ?aae?caoe??
iiaeooue aooe iine?aeiaii ao?eai? ca nai?i i?ecia/aiiyi a ae?yeuei?noue
Ca?ieieo nee ? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie. Iaeiei ?c caaaeaiue, ui
i?yii a?aeiinyoueny aei I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee, ? aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a?enueeiaeo /anoei ? ?ioeo oi?ioaaiue oa
i?ioeanoaeueii-i?aaiaeo iniia ?o ae?yeueiino? i?e i?iaaaeaeaii?
ae?ciaiiy o ni?aaao i?i cei/eie, a?aeianaieo aei ?o eiiiaoaioe??. A
oeueiio a?aeiioaii? oaeiae ? aeooaeueiei ieoaiiy uiaei i?aaii??iino?
noi?uaiiy a inia? eiiaiaee?a a?enueeiai? /anoeie, c’?aeiaiiy ?
ia/aeueieea a?enueeiai? onoaiiae iiaiiaaaeaiue ?aeeiiia/aeueieea oa
i?aaio ae?ciaiiy oa ia?niaeoeae ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeaiiai i?aaio.

Aeeeaaeaia oa?aeoa?eco? aeooaeuei?noue, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
aeaii? oaie, a oaeiae iaoo, caaea/? ? iai?yiee ?? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca“ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?ic?iaea oaie
ia?aaeaa/aia ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe Aeaaeai?? IAO ? iia’ycaia
c eiioeaioe?yie noaeiai-i?aaiai? oa a?enueeiai? ?aoi?i a Oe?a?i?,
?ic?iaeith i?iaeoo E?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aai?caoe?y ? ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy
a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao Oe?a?ie oa ?ioeo a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue i?aai?caoe?ei? oa i?aaia? iniiae
ae?ciaiiy a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao Oe?a?ie ye oi?ie ? ii/aoeiaiai aoaio
iiia?aaeiueiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy a e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao i?i cei/eie,
ia?aaeaa/ai? i.3 no.101 EIE Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aea/aiiy
oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ? ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a, ye? aecia/athoue
i?aai?caoe?ei? ? i?aaia? iniiae ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy o
a?enueeiaeo /anoeiao ? onoaiiaao I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie oa
ocaiaeaeaiiy eiai ?acoeueoao?a c aiae?cii /eiii? ?aaeaiaioaoe??
i?ioeanoaeueieo iiaiiaaaeaiue in?a, ye? eiai cae?eniththoue, a oaeiae
iio?aaaie eiie?aoecaoe?? ?o ooieoe?e i?e ?icne?aeoaaii? cei/ei?a a
no/anieo oiiaao.

Aeinyaiaiiy aeacaii? iaoe eiie?aoeco?oueny ne?aeoth/eie caaaeaiiyie
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Ia i?aenoaa? e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae c“ynoaaoe aeoiee ? ?icaeoie
i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a inia? eiiaiaee?a a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue ?
i?aai?caoe?ei? oa i?aaia? iniiae ae?yeueiino? oeeo i?aai?a a Ca?ieieo
neeao, I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao.

2. I?iaiae?coaaoe noai aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie a
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeuei?e e?oa?aoo??, a?enueeiaeo ii?iaoeaieo aeoao ?
ia i?aeoeoe?.

3. Aecia/eoe iiiyooy ae?ciaiiy, ye oi?ie ?icne?aeoaaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo
ni?aa, eio?a ia?aaeo? iiia?aaeiueiio (aeinoaeiaiio) ne?aenoao; caaaeaiiy
? iiaiiaaaeaiiy noa’?eo?a i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy a IAO, iiaiioo oa
ocaiaeaeai?noue o?aaoethaaiiy oeeo ieoaiue a EIE Oe?a?ie, ?ino?oeoe??
i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie oa ?ioeo a?aeii/eo
aeoao.

4. ?icaeyiooe: a) iniiaiiieiaei? i?eioeeie e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano
(eiinoeoooe?ei? oa ?io?), aecia/eoe ?o ?ieue ? ?aae?caoe?th a
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a IAO; a) ieoaiiy i?aene?aeiino? i?aai?a
ae?ciaiiy a IAO oa iiaiioo ?o ?ica’ycaiiy a EIE Oe?a?ie ? ?ioeo
ii?iaoeaieo aeoao; a) i?aenoaae ? i?ioeanoaeuei? ae??, iia’ycai? c
ii?ooaiiyi e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae oa iniaeeaino? ?aaeaiaioaoe??
i?iaaaeaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy ca?aeii c no.104 EIE Oe?a?ie oa ?ino?oeoe??th
i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie (i.i.5, 6, 18-20).

5. I?iaiae?coaaoe: a) ooieoe?? a?enueeiaiai i?ieo?i?a ii cae?eniaiith
iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a a ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a
IAO; a) ia iniia? ocaaaeueiaiiy i?aeoeee, aieaooaaiiy ae?ciaaa/?a
a?enueeiaeo /anoei, ne?ae/eo ? i?ieo?i??a anoaiiaeoe aoaeoeai?noue oi?i
? iaoiae?a ea??aieoeoaa ae?ciaiiyi, ia?aaeaa/aieo EIE oa ?ino?oeoe??th
i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie; a) cae?eniaiiy
iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a o ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee oa ?ioeo a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue; a) ?nioth/ee
ii?yaeie i?ecia/aiiy ae?ciaaa/?a ? ?o th?eaee/ii? i?aeaioiaee.

6. Aecia/eoe iai?yiee ? caoiaee aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeanoaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao Oe?a?ie oa
iie?auaiiy ?o iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai ? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy.

7. Noi?ioethaaoe c ?icaeyaeoaaieo ieoaiue i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??,
ni?yiiaai? ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a
?icne?aeoaaii? ? i?io?eaeoeoe? i?aaiii?ooaiue oa cei/ei?a a IAO.

Iaoiaee/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue: i?eioeeie oa iniiai?
eaoaai??? ae?aeaeoe/ii-iaoa??ae?noe/iiai i?ciaiiy nioe?aeueieo yaeu ?
i?ioean?a, iieiaeaiiy o?einio?? ? aaeocaaeo i?aaiaeo iaoe, cie?aia
e?ei?iaeueiiai i?aaa, e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano ? e?ei?iae?noeee, a oaeiae
?noi?e/iee, no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueiee, ii??aiyeueii-i?aaiaee,
noaoenoe/iee ? oi?iaeueii-eia?/iee iaoiaee.

I?e iaienaii? aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoai?: a) aeai? aieaooaaiiy 125
ae?ciaaa/?a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee oa Ca?ieieo nee Oe?a?ie, ne?ae/eo ?
i?ieo?i??a a?enueeiaeo i?ieo?aoo? i’yoe aa?i?cii?a; a) ocaaaeueiaiiy
i?aeoeee i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy ? iiia?aaeiueiai ne?aenoaa a eiie?aoieo
e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao oa aeina?ae ?iaioe iiooea/a a i?aaiao a?enueeiai?
i?ieo?aoo?e ne?ae/ei i?ioyaii 11 ?ie?a.

I?aaiao iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue: iieiaeaiiy Eiinoeoooe??
Oe?a?ie, Eiioeaioe?? noaeiai-i?aaiai? ?aoi?ie, noaaeaii? Iinoaiiaith
Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie a?ae 28 ea?oiy 1992 ?ieo, eiioeaioe?? (iniiae
aea?aeaaii? iie?oeee) iaoe?iiaeueii? aaciaee Oe?a?ie, noaaeaii?
Iinoaiiaith Aa?oiaii? ?aaee Oe?a?ie a?ae 16 n?/iy 1997 ?ieo,
i?aeia?iaeii-i?aaiaeo aeo?a, ?aoeo?eiaaieo a onoaiiaeaiiio ii?yaeeo
Oe?a?iith, Aea?aeaaii-i?aaiaa i?ia?aia ai?ioueae ?c cei/eii?noth, Caeii
“I?i i?ieo?aoo?o”, Caeii “I?i I?eei?aeiii? a?enueea Oe?a?ie”, /eiia
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueia caeiiiaeaanoai, ?io? caeiiiaeaa/? ?
ii?iaoeai? aeoe, ye? aoee iaiao?aei? aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy. Noi?ioeueiaai?
a aeena?oaoe?? oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee, a oaeiae i?aeoe/i?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?? a?oioothoueny ia i?aoeyo a/aieo, ye? i?aoeththoue a
aaeoc? e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?aaa, a?enueeiaiai i?aaa ?
a?enueeiaeo aniaeo?a i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa oa e?ei?iae?noeee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeena?oaoe??
iieyaa? a oiio, ui ca oa?aeoa?ii ? ci?noii ?icaeyiooeo ieoaiue — oea
ia?oa a Oe?a?i? iiiia?ao?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeeiiaia c o?aooaaiiyi
iieiaeaiue iiai? Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, ci?i ? aeiiiaiaiue aei
caeiiiaeaanoaa Oe?a?ie oa a?aeii/eo aeo?a, ye? ?aaoeththoue
ae?yeuei?noue ia?aaeaa/aieo i.3 no.101 EIE Oe?a?ie i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao oa ?ioeo a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo Oe?a?ie. O
iaaeao aecia/aieo caaaeaiue ii oai? a ieo aena?oeaii eiiieaen
oai?aoe/ieo, i?aai?caoe?eieo ? i?ioeanoaeueii-i?aaiaeo i?iaeaiieo
ieoaiue ? oeyoe ?o ae??oaiiy c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
i?ioeanoaeueii? ae?yeueiino? oeeo i?aai?a i?e ?icne?aeoaaii? cei/ei?a.
Cie?aia, iiaecio eiie?aoecothoue ianooii? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aecia/aiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiiyoue i?aaie ae?ciaiiy ? iniaa, yea
i?iaiaeeoue ae?ciaiiy (ae?ciaaa/), a oaeiae no?oeoo?e i?aai?a
ae?ciaiiy, eio?? ooieoe?iiothoue a cii? ae?yeueiino? I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

2. Iaa?oiooaaiiy aeniiaeo i?i iaiao?aei?noue eiie?aoecaoe?? a no.103 EIE
Oe?a?ie ? ?ioeo caeiiiaeaa/eo aaeocaaeo aeoao iiaiiaaaeaiue i?aai?a
ae?ciaiiy a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue cae?enithaaoe iia?aoeaii-?icooeia?
caoiaee c iaoith aeyaeaiiy iciae cei/eio ? in?a, ye? eiai a/eieee.

3. Oa?aeoa?enoeea ii?iaoeaiiai ?aaoethaaiiy ii?yaeeo ii?ooaiiy
e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae i?aaiii ae?ciaiiy a a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo, eiai
iaaeie?e?a oa oeyo?a ?o onoiaiiy.

4. Iniaeeaino? i?iaaaeaiiy oa cae?i/aiiy ae?ciaiiy o a?enueeiaeo
oi?ioaaiiyo ? aiae?c i?e/ei i?aeaeuaii? e?eueeino? cae?eooy ii?ooaieo
ni?aa.

5. Ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aieaooaaiiy ae?ciaaa/?a, ne?ae/eo oa
a?enueeiaeo i?ieo?i??a c ieoaiue no/aniiai noaio oa caoiae?a uiaei
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enueeao Oe?a?ie.

6. Iaa?oiooaaiiy aeniiae?a i?i ianoi?ni?noue ii?aeiaiiy a inia?
eiiaiaee?a a?enueeiai? /anoeie, c’?aeiaiiy ? ia/aeueieea a?enueeiai?
onoaiiae a?aeiia?aeii iinaaeiai-neoaeaiaeo ooieoe?e ?aeeiiia/aeueieea ?
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueieo iiaiiaaaeaiue i?aaio ae?ciaiiy oa
iaiao?aei?noue ?o ?iciaaeoaaiiy.

7. Iaa?oiooaaiiy iaiao?aeiino? iiiaeaiiy i?aaiai? aace oa iie?auaiiy
iaoeiai-iaoiaee/iiai ? iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy i?aai?a
ae?ciaiiy IAO.

8. Aecia/aiiy oa iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo ? i?aeoe/ieo caoiae?a
aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao
Oe?a?ie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a
oiio, ui aena?oeai? aaoi?ii iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? iiaeooue
aooe a?aoiaai? i?e i?aeaioiaoe? i?iaeoo iiaiai
E?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie, iiaaoe?? /eiieo caeii?a
oa ?ioeo ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a i?i Ca?iei? neee ? I?eei?aeiii? a?enueea
Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae a iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo iai?yie?a iioei?caoe??
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a no?oeoo?ao a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue. E??i
oiai, aiie iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? iaa/aeueieo i?ia?ai,
iin?aiee?a oa aeeeaaeaii? o a?enueeiaeo aocao eo?n?a “E?ei?iaeueiee
i?ioean Oe?a?ie”, “Iniiae aea?aeaae oa i?aaa” ? a?aeiia?aeieo
i?io?ethth/eo niaoeeo?n?a. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? iiaeooue aooe oaeiae
?aae?ciaai? i?e ?ic?iaoe? aeia?aeieea aeey i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy IAO c
ieoaiue i?aai?caoe?eieo ? i?aaiaeo iniia ?o ae?yeueiino?: ii?yaeeo
ii?ooaiiy e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae ? ii/aoeiaiai aoaio ?? ?icne?aeoaaiiy,
oaeoeee i?iaaaeaiiy ie?aieo ne?ae/eo ae?e oa i?ioeanoaeueiiai ioi?ieaiiy
?o ?acoeueoao?a, canoinoaaiiy e?ei?iae?noe/ieo oaoi?/ieo cania?a ? ?i.

Aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iai?aaeai? aei
th?eaee/ieo neoaea Aea?aeaaiiai eii?oaoo o ni?aaao ioi?iie aea?aeaaiiai
ei?aeiio ? I?i?noa?noaa iai?iie Oe?a?ie aeey iciaeiieaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy
i?e ?aae?caoe?? caoiae?a a?enueeiai? ?aoi?ie oa ?ic?iaoe? iiai?
?ino?oeoe?? i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy a i?aea?aeii/eo a?enueeiaeo
oi?ioaaiiyo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. noaooy “I?aaie ae?ciaiiy o I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enueeao Oe?a?ie” iaienaia o ni?aaaoi?noa? c TH. A. Eieiae??i,
iniaenoei aianeii caeiaoaa/a ? iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa aeniiaee aeaii?
i?aoe?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo aeeeaaea/?a
Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie, can?aeaiiyo eaoaae? oai??? oa
?noi??? aea?aeaae ? i?aaa, e?ei?iaeueiiai i?aaa ? i?ioeano, eaeoe?yo oa
i?aeoe/ieo caiyooyo ca i?ia?aiith eiiaiaee?nueei? i?aeaioiaee
(1997-1998?.). E??i oiai, iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeei?enoiaothoueny i?e
aeeeaaeaii? eo?no “Iniiae aea?aeaae oa i?aaa” a Aeaaeai?? i?eei?aeiiieo
a?enuee Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaai? a o?ueio noaooyo aeaio
aeione?a Ca??ieea iaoeiaeo i?aoeue Aeaaeai?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee
Oe?a?ie (1998?.), aeaa? O? “I?iecaiaenoai ii oaieiaiui aeaeai i?aaiia
aiaiiie thnoeoeee e aeiciaiey” i?ae?o/ieea “Iniiau ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa”
(1998a).

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny: ?c anooio; aeaio
?icae?e?a, ye? a?aeiia?aeii iiae?eythoueny ia ?yae i?ae?icae?e?a;
aeniiae?a; nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (119 iaeiaioaaiue) oa 11
aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya oaenoo aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 184
noi??iee, aeiaeaoe?a — 26 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aecia/ai? i?aaeiao, iaoa oa
caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaoiaeieia?/i? canaaee eiai i?iaaaeaiiy,
iaoeiaa iiaecia oa i?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue, oi?ie ?o ai?iaaoe??, a oaeiae
iieiaeaiue ? aeniiae?a, ui aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

?icae?e ia?oee — “No?oeoo?a i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao
Oe?a?ie oa ?o ooieoe??” — neeaaea?oueny c o?ueio i?ae?icae?e?a:

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.1. — “Iiiyooy i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy ? ii?iaoeaia
?aaeaiaioaoe?y ?o ae?yeueiino?” ?icaeyaeathoueny i?iaeaii? ieoaiiy, ui
noinothoueny aecia/aiiy ci?noo, iiiyooy oa cia/aiiy aeaiiai
i?ioeanoaeueiiai ?inoeoooo o a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo. Aeaiee aeae
i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy ia? niaoeeo?/ia i?ecia/aiiy a no?oeoo?? ??cieo ?iae?a
a?enuee /e a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue, ine?eueee eiiaiaee? a?enueeiai?
/anoeie, c’?aeiaiiy, ia/aeueiee a?enueeiai? onoaiiae, ii?yae ?c nai?ie
iinaaeiai-neoaeaiaeie iiaiiaaaeaiiyie, aecia/aieie a?enueeiaeie
noaoooaie oa a?aeii/eie aeoaie, iaae?eaiee i?ioeanoaeueieie ooieoe?yie
?icne?aeoaaiiy cei/ei?a, ia?aaeaa/aieo a i.3 no.101 EIE Oe?a?ie.
Aiae?coth/e caeiiiaeaa/? oa a?aeii/? aeoe aaoi? i?eoiaeeoue aei
aeniiaeo, ui an? i?aaie ae?ciaiiy a inia? eiiaiaee??a a?enueeiaeo
/anoei, c’?aeiaiue ? ia/aeueiee?a a?enueeiaeo onoaiia Ca?ieieo nee,
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee oa ?ioeo a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue Oe?a?ie,
a?aoiaoth/e ?o i?aai?caoe?eio niaoeeo?eo oa caaaeaiiy, ne?ae ?icaeyaeaoe
ye a?enueeiai-a?aeii/? ooieoe?iiaeuei? i?aaiioi?iii? i?ae?icae?ee, ye?
ca?aeii c i.3 no.101 oa no.104 EIE iaae?eai? i?ioeanoaeueieie
iiaiiaaaeaiiyie i?iaaaeaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy a e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao o iaaeao
nai?? eiiiaoaioe??, eiee oea iia’ycaii c aeeiiaiiyi ?o iniiaieo
neoaeaiaeo iaia’yce?a. Iniiaiei iaia’yceii eiiaiaee??a a?enueeiaeo
/anoei ? ia/aeueiee?a ? eiiaiaeoaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy i?aeii?yaeeiaaieie ?i
no?oeoo?aie. Ca?aeii aei no.35 Oei/aniaiai noaoooo aioo??oiuei? neoaeae
Ca?ieieo nee Oe?a?ie eiiaiaee? (ia/aeueiee) ? ?aeeiiia/aeueieeii ?
iniaenoi a?aeiia?aea? ia?aae aea?aeaaith ca iino?eio aieiao oa
iia?e?caoe?eio aioiai?noue aeia??aii? eiio a?enueeiai? /anoeie, ei?aaey
(i?ae?icae?eo), ca aieiao i?aeaioiaeo, aeoiaaiiy, a?enueeiao
aeenoeeie?io, ii?aeueiee ? ineoieia?/iee noai iniaiaiai neeaaeo,
aeiaea?aeaiiy canaae nioe?aeueii? ni?aaaaeeeaino?, ca aioo??oi?e
ii?yaeie, noai ? caa?aaeaiiy ca?i?, aieiai? oa ?ioi? oaoi?ee,
ai?i?eian?a, iaeueiiai ? iaoa??aeueieo cania?a, ca noai i?ioeiiaeaaeiiai
caoenoo, anaa?/ia caaacia/aiiy a?enueeiai? /anoeie, ei?aaey
(i?ae?icae?eo). Noaooy 44 oeueiai ae Noaoooo, ia eiiaiaee?a, e??i
aeacaieo aeua iaia’yce?a, iieeaaea? oaeiae ea??aieoeoai i?aaiaei
aeoiaaiiyi i?aeeaaeeo a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a, a o aeiaaeeo nei?iiy ieie
cei/ei?a ii?oooaaoe e?ei?iaeueio ni?aao oa i?iaiaeeoe ae?ciaiiy. A
/anoei? 2 i.1 ?ino?oeoe?? i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao
Oe?a?ie cacia/aii, ui iaaeaiiy eiiaiaee?o a?enueeiai? /anoeie i?aa
i?aaio ae?ciaiiy ? iaeiei ?c cania?a ci?oeiaiiy a?enueeiai?
aeenoeeie?ie, aeoiaaiiy a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?a o aeon? oi/iiai aeeiiaiiy
caeii?a, iaeac?a eiiaiaee??a ? ia/aeueiee?a.

Iaaaaeai? iieiaeaiiy oa aiae?c i?aeoeee aeacothoue ia oa, ui i?iaaaeaiiy
ae?ciaiiy ia ? iniiaiei aeaeii ae?yeueiino? eiiaiaee??a a?enueeiaeo
/anoei, c’?aeiaiue ? ia/aeueiee?a a?enueeiaeo onoaiia. sse oi?ia
iiia?aaeiueiai ?icne?aeoaaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa oeae aeae ae?ciaiiy
i?iaiaeeoueny eeoa o aeiaaeeao aeyaeaiiy o i?aeii?yaeeiaaieo eiiaiaee?o
(ia/aeueieeo) a?enueeiaeo /anoeiao, c’?aeiaiiyo ? onoaiiaao
i?aaiii?ooaiue c iciaeaie cei/ei?a, ye? caaaeueii aecia/ai? o i.3 no.101
EIE. Iniaeea?noth oaeiai ae?ciaiiy ? ? oa, ui aiii i?iaiaeeoueny ca
iinoaiiaith eiiaiaee??a a?enueeiaeo /anoei /e ia/aeueiee?a onoaiia, a
oeo naieo i?ioeanoaeueieo oi?iao, ui ? iiia?aaei? ne?aenoai,
i?ecia/aieie ieie ae?ciaaa/aie, ye? ia iathoue iaeaaeii? th?eaee/ii?
i?aeaioiaee aeey oeueiai aeaeo i?ioeanoaeueii? ae?yeueiino?, ?
a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae inoaiiueiai noa’?eoaie ? no?ieaie. I?ney
i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy e?ei?iaeueia ni?aaa ca?aeii c no.104 ? 108 EIE,
i?e a?aenooiino? i?aenoaa aeey ?? cae?eooy, ia?aaea?oueny ne?ae/iio. Ia
i?aenoaa? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?e, ii?iaoeaieo aeo?a ? ocaaaeueiaiiy
i?aeoeee a aeena?oaoe?? iiiyooy ae?ciaiiy a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao oa
?ioeo a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo aecia/a?oueny ye i?ioeanoaeueia oi?ia
ii/aoeiaiai aoaio ?icne?aeoaaiiy cei/ei?a, ye? a/eieee
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe? aai a?enueeiaiciaia’ycai? i?ae /an i?ioiaeaeaiiy
ieie cai??a, ianoaaei ?o caaeaae?, a oaeiae ni?aa i?i cei/eie, ui
a/eieee ?ia?oieee ? neoaeaiaoe?, o ca’yceo c aeeiiaiiyi neoaeaiaeo
iaia’yce?a aai a ?icoaooaaii? /anoeie, yea i?iaiaeeoue io?oea?-ae?ciaaa/
ca iinoaiiaith eiiaiaee?a /anoeie, c’?aeiaiiy aai ia/aeueieea
a?enueeiai? onoaiiae, a ii?yaeeo, ia?aaeaa/aiiio EIE Oe?a?ie.

Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai aecia/aiiy, aaoi? iaa?oioiao? iieiaeaiiy, ui i?ae
i?aaiii ae?ciaiiy ne?ae ?icoi?oe eiiaiaee??a a?enueeiaeo /anoei,
c’?aeiaiue aai ia/aeueiee?a a?enueeiaeo onoaiia, ye? ca?aeii c
iinaaeiaei noaiiaeuai iaae?eai? iiaiiaaaeaiiyie a iaaeao nai??
eiiiaoaioe?? cae?enithaaoe e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueio ae?yeuei?noue,
ni?yiiaaio ia ?ice?eooy cei/ei?a, anoaiiaeaiiy aeiieo oa iiia?aaeaeaiiy
cei/ei?a, aecia/aieo o i.3 no.101 EIE Oe?a?ie.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, ii?yae c i?aaiaie i?eei?aeiiii? ioi?iie, ye? ca?aeii c
i.7 no.101 EIE i?iaiaeyoue ae?ciaiiy o ni?aaao i?i ii?ooaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio Oe?a?ie, oa ?ioeie i?aaiioi?iiieie i?aaiaie, ye?
cae?eniththoue iia?aoeaii-?icooeiao ae?yeuei?noue a?aeiia?aeii aei
/eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, (i.6, 7 no.6 Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i I?eei?aeiii?
a?enueea Oe?a?ie”), i?aaie ae?ciaiiy a inia? eiiaiaee?a a?enueeiai?
/anoeie, c’?aeiaiiy, ia/aeueieea a?enueeiai? onoaiiae, (i.3 no.101 EIE)
a noeoiiino? nai?e ooai?ththoue a no?oeoo?? I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee
naiino?eio i?aaeiaoii-ooieoe?iiaeueio nenoaio i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a ciiao
?o ae?yeueiino?.

A i?ae?icae?e? oaeiae aea?oueny ei?ioea ?noi??y ?icaeoeo i?aai?a
ae?ciaiiy a inia? eiiaiaee??a (ia/aeueiee?a).

O i?ae?icae?e? 1.2 “Caaaeaiiy ? iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao Oe?a?ie” aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea ci?noo
aaeocaaeo i?aaeiaoieo iiiyoue “e?ei?iaeueia noaei/einoai” ?
“e?ei?iaeueiee i?ioean”, ia iniia? yei? iieacaii, ui oe? iiiyooy a
caeiiiaeaanoa? ? th?eaee/i?e e?oa?aoo?? canoiniaothoueny ye neiii?ie o
nieneiaiio cia/aii? o?aaoeueiaaii? ii?iaie e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai
i?aaa ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy, ne?ae/iai, i?ieo?i?a ? noaeo ii
ii?ooaiith ? ?icne?aeoaaiith e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa, noaeiaiio ?o ?icaeyaeo
oa ii ae??oaiith noaeaeath ieoaiue, iia’ycaieo c aeeiiaiiyi ae?ieo.
Aeena?oaio aaaaea?, ui e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueia ae?yeuei?noue
aeacaieo i?aai?a a eiaei?e e?ei?iaeuei?e ni?aa? ia?
iiooeiai-i?ciaaaeueio ni?yiiaai?noue ia ?icne?aeoaaiiy ianoaaei cei/eio,
aee?eooy aeiieo ? caaacia/aiiy i?aaeeueiiai canoinoaaiiy aei ieo aeiia
caeiio. Oaea ae?yeuei?noue a?aeaoaa?oueny ia an?o noaae?yo
e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa ca?aeii c aecia/aieie a EIE eiai
caaaeaiiyie, ii?yaeeii ? i?aaeeaie ae?e oa aca?iiae?? oiiaiiaaaeaieo
i?aai?a i?ae niaith, a oaeiae c a?iiaaeyiaie, iinaaeiaeie iniaaie
onoaiia, i?aei?e?inoa /e i?aai?caoe?e, ye? caeo/athoueny aei o/ano? a
iueiio.

O oeueiio ca’yceo aiae?cothoueny aeeeaaeai? o i?aoeyo ?yaeo a/aieo (I.
N. Aeueeeiae, O. A. Ii?uaeiaa, ?. E. Iao?ooei ? ?i.) oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy i?i iaoo ? caaaeaiiy e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa, ia iniia?
yeeo noi?ioeueiaaii aeniiaie, ui oe? aaaeeea? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?
eaoaai??? o?nii iia’ycai? i?ae niaith, aea ?o ci?no, ca’ycie ?
i?aaeiaoia cia/aiiy a oai??? e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?aaa oa a
/eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? /?oei ia aecia/ai?. Ia aeoieo aeena?oaioa
caaaeueio iaoo e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano iaiaaia iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye
aee?eooy in?a, ye? a/eieee cei/ei, aeieacoaaiiy ?o aeioaaoino?, ui ?
iaa?ae’?iiith aeanoea?noth an??? e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? ia an?o eiai noaae?yo, ? canoinoaaiiy aei ieo caeiio oa
ni?aaaaeeeaiai iiea?aiiy o anoaiiaeaiiio EIE Oe?a?ie ii?yaeeo ii?ooaiiy
? ?icne?aeoaaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo n i?aa oiiaiiaaaeaieie ia oea i?aaiaie,
?icaeyaeo oa ae??oaiiy ?o noaeii. A oaeiio ?icoi?ii? caaaeueia iaoa
e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa, a?aoiaoth/e eiai neeaaeio no?oeoo?o ?
ci?no, ia? aaaaoianiaeoiee oa?aeoa? ? ?? eiie?aoecaoe?y a?aeiinii
i?ioeaaeo? i?iaaaeaeaiiy a e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao a oe?eiio, aai ie?aieo
noaae?e /e i?ioeanoaeueieo ae?e ia?aoai?th?oueny o iaai? eiiieaene
caaaeaiue, ye?, aoaeo/e cae??ieai? a EIE, aecia/athoue ooieoe?? ?
iai?yiee i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino? oiiaiiaaaeaieo i?aai?a (iinaaeiaeo
in?a) ii ii?ooaiith, ?icne?aeoaaiith, ?icaeyaeo ? ae??oaiith ni?aa i?i
cei/eie.

Caaaeaiiy e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa aecia/ai? a no.2 EIE Oe?a?ie ?,
ine?eueee aiii ia? ?yae noaae?e ? ie?aieo ?inoeooo?a, oe? caaaeuei?
caaea/? aeaoae?cothoueny a ii?iao a?aeiia?aeieo ?icae?e?a EIE oa ?ioeo
aaeocaaeo ii?iaoeaieo aeoao o aeaeyae? niaoe?aeueieo caaea/ ie?aieo
noaae?e ? i?ioeanoaeueieo ae?e, a oaeiae iiaiiaaaeaiue ? ooieoe?e
i?aai?a, ye? cae?eniththoue e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueio ae?yeuei?noue.
Iai?eeeaae, aeey noaae?? ii?ooaiiy e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae iniiaieie
caaaeaiiyie ? oaeaeea anoaiiaeaiiy iayaiino? cei/eio, aee?eooy
cei/eioey, cae??ieaiiy aeaiieo, ui aeacothoue ia iciaee cei/eio, a aeey
noaae?? iiia?aaeiueiai ne?aenoaa, a oaeiae ae?ciaiiy, — c’ynoaaiiy
ianoaaei iiae?? cei/eio, anoaiiaeaiiy aeiieo, cae?aiiy, i?ioeanoaeueia
cae??ieaiiy ? iiia?aaeiy (aeinoaeiaa) ia?aa??ea ? ioe?iea aeieac?a oiui.

A i?ae?icae?e? aena?oeth?oueny caaaeaiiy i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enuee ? nooi?iue ?o o?aaoeueiaaiino? a e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiio
caeiiiaeaanoa?, Oei/aniaeo noaoooao Ca?ieieo nee Oe?a?ie ? ?ino?oeoe??
i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie, caa?oa?oueny oaaaa
ia iaiao?aei?noue ?o ooi/iaiiy aai eiie?aoecaoe??. Oea iieiaeaiiy
iaa?oioiao?oueny oei, ui iaiiaia /e ia/?oea aecia/aiiy caaaeaiue i?aai?a
ae?ciaiiy, cie?aia, o I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao, oneeaaeith? i?aaeeueia
?icoi?iiy ?o ?ie? ? naio i?aai?caoe?th i?ioeano ae?ciaiiy.

Ca?aeii aei /eiiiai EIE (no.103-104) ? ?ino?oeoe?? i?i i?iaaaeaiiy
ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie (i.8, 18 ? ?i.) a noa?? caaaeaiue
i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy iniiaiei ? ?ice?eooy cei/eio ? anoaiiaeaiiy iniae, yea
eiai a/eieea. ?icaeyaeath/e nooue oeueiai caaaeaiiy, aeena?oaio ia
iniia? ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co iieiaeaiue caeiiiaeaa/eo, e?oa?aoo?ieo
aeaea?ae (?.N. A?ee?i, O.TH. Aa?aee/aanueeee, A.I. Aaneeueaa, I.?.
Aaa?eeia, ?.O. Aa?aneiia, ?.I. Eoca?i, N.I. I?o??/aa oa ?i.) a
aeena?oaoe?? iieacaa, ui aiii iio?aao? niaoe?aeueiiai iiaeeaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ine?eueee a oai??? e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai i?aaa ?
e?ei?iae?noeee aei oeueiai /ano iaia? caaaeueiiaeciaiiai aecia/aiiy
iiiyooy “?ice?eooy cei/eio”. Aeoiaey/e c oiai, ui a
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiio i?aa? ? e?ei?iae?noeoe? iiaeiii aooe
?aeeia, ynia ca nai?i ci?noii ? i?ecia/aiiyi aecia/aiiy iiiyooy
?ice?eooy cei/eio, aeena?oaio caia?a/o? ?.N. A?ee?io c i?eaiaeo ooo/iiai
?iciaaeoaaiiy oeueiai a e?ei?iae?noe/iiio ? i?ioeanoaeueiiio aniaeoao ?
i?aeo?eio? iiceoe?th I.I. Aaneeue?aa, N.I. I?o??/aaa, A.?. Aaa?eeiaa ?
?i. aaoi??a, ye? iia’ycothoue oea iiiyooy a i?ioeanoaeueiiio ?
e?ei?iae?noe/iiio cia/aii? c ii/aoeiaei aoaiii i?iaaaeaeaiiy a
e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao ? aecia/athoue eiai ci?no ye i?ioeanoaeueio
ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy ? ne?ae/iai, ni?yiiaaio ia anoaiiaeaiiy
oaeoe/ieo aeaieo i?i cei/ei ? in?a, ye? eiai a/eieee a oaeiio ianyc?,
eio?ee aeinoaoi?e aeey i?aae’yaeaiiy o anoaiiaeaiiio EIE ii?yaeeo
iaaeioaa/aiiy ( no.132-140). Ii?yae c oeei aena?oeththoueny e ?io?
ieoaiiy, iia’ycai? c ?ice?eooyi cei/ei?a, ye iiiyooyi ?
i?ioeanoaeueii-e?ei?iae?noe/iei caaaeaiiyi i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy ?
ne?ae/iai, a oaeae i?iiiceoe??, iai?eeeaae, i?i iaiao?aei?noue
eiie?aoecaoe?? a ?ino?oeoe?? i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao
Oe?a?ie ia?ae?eo ianoaaei, ui i?aeeyaathoue aeieacoaaiith a
e?ei?iaeuei?e ni?aa? (i.9), iieiaeaiue i?i ea??aieoeoai ae?ciaiiyi ?
iaaeyae ca aeeiiaiiyi caeii?a o ?o ae?yeueiino? (i.11 — 13 ? ?i.).

Caaa?oo?oueny i?ae?icae?e aiae?cii ?aaeaiaioaoe?? a EIE Oe?a?ie ?
a?aeii/eo aeoao iiaiiaaaeaiue eiiaiaee?a /anoeie (ia/aeueieea onoaiiae),
ye i?aaio ae?ciaiiy, iaia’yce?a ? i?aa i?ecia/aieo ieie ae?ciaaa/?a oa
aeniiaeaie i?i oa, ui aeeeaaeai? aiie iaaeoi noenei ? iaiiaii; aeaye? c
ieo (iai?eeeaae, i?i ii?aeiaiiy a inia? eiiaiaee?a (ia/aeueieea)
iiaiiaaaeaiue ?aeeiiia/aeueieea ? ooieoe?e i?aaio ae?ciaiiy oa
ea??aieoeoaa i?iaaaeaiiyi ae?ciaiiy oa ?i.) ia ocaiaeaeothoueny c
iieiaeaiiyie Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie ? i?aeia?iaeieo aeo?a, cie?aia,
oaeeie, ye Eiaeaen iiaaae?iee iinaaeiaeo in?a ii i?aeo?eiaiith
i?aaiii?yaeeo (i?eeiyoee ?aciethoe??th 34/169 Aaia?aeueiith Anaiaea?th
III a?ae 17.O??.1979 ?.), Eiaeaen iiaaae?iee noiniaii
a?enueeiaiiie?oe/ieo aniaeo?a aaciaee (i?eeiyoee ia?aaeith ii aaciaoe? ?
ni?a?ia?oieoeoao a ?a?ii? (IAN?) a?ae 1.01.1995 ?.) oa ?i.

I?ae?icae?e 1.3 — “E?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeuei? i?eioeeie ?icne?aeoaaiiy
cei/ei?a ? ?o ?aae?caoe?y a ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy” iaeei ?c
iaea?eueoeo ca ianyaii. A iueiio aecia/a?oueny caaaeueia nenoaia
i?eioeei?a e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano oa aiae?co?oueny ii?iaoeaia
cae??ieaiiy a /eiiiio caeiiiaeaanoa?, o a?aeii/eo aeoao oeo ?c ieo, ye?
iathoue ae?yoe i?e i?iaaaeaii? ae?ciaiiy i?aaiaie a?enueeiaeo
oi?ioaaiue. Ine?eueee a th?eaee/i?e iaooe? iaia? ?aeeiiai,
caaaeueiii?eeiyoiai aecia/aiiy iiiyooy i?eioeei?a e?ei?iaeueiiai
i?ioeano, aeena?oaio aiae?coth/e oi/eo ci?o i?ioeanoae?no?a ( A.I.
Aa??a, O.I. Aeia?iaieuenueea, TH.I. A?ioaaee, I.I. I?o??iei, I.N.
No?iaiae/, ?.A. Oe??/aa ? ?i) i?eoiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo i?i oa, ui ci?no
oeueiai iiiyooy neeaaeathoue cae??ieai? a Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie ? /eiiiio
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? iniiai? aeo?aei?
iieiaeaiiy, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue iiaoaeiao e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa,
eiai ni?yiiaai?noue ? caaaeaiiy, a oaeiae ci?no noaae?e ? ie?aieo
?inoeooo?a, ii?ooaiiy yeeo oyaia ca niaith neanoaaiiy ae?ieo noaeo oa
?ioeo ??oaiue oiiaiiaaaeaieo in?a ii ni?aa?. C iiceoe?e oaeiai i?aeoiaeo
a i?ae?icae?e? aena?oeththoueny aeaa ??ciiaeaee i?eioeei?a
e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano:

a) eiinoeoooe?ei? i?eioeeie. Aei ieo aeena?oaio a?aeiineoue:
iaaeioi?eai?noue iniae (no.29); aa?oiaainoai i?aaa ? caeiiiino? (no.8);
i?aaiaee ii?yaeie (no.19); iaaeioi?eai?noue aeeoea (no.30); ioi?iio
iniaenoiai aeeooy a?iiaaeyi, oa?iieoeth eenooaaiiy, oaeaoiiieo ?iciia,
oaeaa?aoii? oa ?ioi? ei?aniiiaeaioe?? (no.31, 32); i?eioeei
iaaeioaaoino? (no.62); cae?eniaiiy i?aainoaeaey o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao
o?eueee noaeii (no.124); iacaeaaei?noue ? iaaeioi?eai?noue noaeae?a ?
i?aeei?aiiy ?o eeoa caeiio (no.126, 129); ??ai?noue on?o o/aniee?a
noaeiaiai i?ioeano ia?aae caeiiii ? noaeii; caaacia/aiiy aeiaaaeaiino?
aeie; ciaaaeuei?noue noi??i oa naiaiaee a iaaeaii? ieie noaeo nai?o
aeieac?a ? o aeiaaaeaii? ia?aae noaeii ?o ia?aeiieeaino?; i?aeo?eiaiiy
iaaeioaa/aiiy o noae? i?ieo?i?ii; caaacia/aiiy iaaeioaa/aiiio i?aaa ia
caoeno; aeani?noue noaeiaiai i?ioeano oa eiai iiaia o?enoaaiiy
oaoi?/ieie caniaaie; caaacia/aiiy aiaeyoe?eiiai oa eanaoe?eiiai
inea?aeaiiy ??oaiiy noaeo, e??i aeiaaee?a, anoaiiaeaieo caeiiii;
iaia’yceia?noue ??oaiue noaeo (no.129) iaoe?iiaeueia iiaa noaei/einoaa
? ?i.;

a) ?io? i?eioeeie: ioae?/i?noue, caaacia/aiiy an?i iniaai, ye? aa?ooue
o/anoue o ni?aa?, i?aaa ia caoeno ?o caeiiieo ?ioa?an?a, onoaiiaeaiiy
ia’?eoeaii? ?noeie (anaa?/ia, iiaia ? ia’?eoeaia aeine?aeaeaiiy ianoaaei
ni?aae), oni?noue i?ioeano.

A i?aec?icae?e? i?e aena?oeaii? ia?ae?/aieo i?eioeei?a iaaiaeeoueny c
ii??aiyeueiei aiae?cii aeeeaaeaiiy ?o noo? ? cia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeii o
ii?iao Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie oa i?aeia?iaeieo i?aaiaeo aeo?a, oaeeo ye,
Caaaeueia aeaeea?aoe?y i?aa ethaeeie (1948?.), I?aeia?iaeiee iaeo i?i
a?iiaaeyinuee? ? iie?oe/i? i?aaa (1996?.), Eiaeaen iiaaae?iee iinaaeiaeo
in?a ii i?aeo?eiaiith i?aaiii?yaeeo (1979?.), Eiiaaioe?y i?ioe eaooaaiue
oa ?ioeo aei?noieeo iaethaenueeeo aai i?eieaeoth/eo a?aei?noue aeae?a
iiaiaeaeaiiy ? iiea?aiiy (1984?.) oa ?ioeo , ye? cae??ieththoue no/ani?
aeaiie?aoe/i? ? aoiaii? aeiiae aei e?ei?iaeueiiai noaei/einoaa;
a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?o noo? ? iaoai?ci?a ?aae?caoe?? a /eiiiio
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoa? Oe?a?ie, a oaeiae a
Oei/aniaiio noaooo? aioo??oiuei? neoaeae Ca?ieieo nee Oe?a?ie,
Oei/aniaiio aeenoeeie?ia?iiio noaooo? Ca?ieieo nee Oe?a?ie oa
?ino?oeoe?? i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie ? ?ioeo
a?aeii/eo aeoao.

Aeoiaey/e c aeeeaaeaiiai a oeueiio i?ae?icae?e? noi?ioeueiaaii ?yae
aeniiae?a ? i?iiiceoe?e i?i oa, ui:

a) ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c i?eien?a Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie ? ii?i ae?th/iai
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa ia? aeooaeueia cia/aiiy
aeey aaeineiiaeaiiy aecia/aieo iei oi?i e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? an?o i?aaiioi?iiieo i?aai?a, ia yeeo iieeaaeai? ooieoe??
?ice?eooy, ?icne?aeoaaiiy ? i?io?eaeoeee cei/ei?a, ?icaeyaeo ?
i?aaeeueiiai ae??oaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa noaeii;

a) iieiaeaiiy Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie ? aeacaieo aeua i?aeia?iaeieo
i?aaiaeo aeo?a i?i i?aaa a?iiaaeyi ? aa?aio?? caoenoo ?o ?ioa?an?a
iiai?noth ia ?aae?ciaai? a e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiio caeiiiaeaanoa?.
Iaocaiaeaeaii?noue c ieie /eiiiai EIE ? ?ioeo caeii?a, ye? ?aaoeththoue
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueio ? iia?aoeaii-?icooeiao ae?yeuei?noue i?e
i?iaaaeaeaii? a e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao, iaaaoeaii aieeaa? ia ??
?acoeueoaoe ? ia ni?ey? iineeaiith ai?ioueae c? cei/eiaie oa ci?oeiaiith
caeiiiino?;

a) ine?eueee aecia/aeueiei o i?aaiciaanoa? caaaeueiei i?aaeeii ?
noai?aeeiaoe?eia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aaeocaaeo caeii?a ? ?ioeo ii?iaoeaieo
aeo?a c i?eienaie Eiinoeoooe?? (oea i?aaeei cae??ieaii a /.1 no.8
Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie), aeena?oaio aaaaea? eiai ae??oaeueiei ye o
caeiiiaeaa/?e, oae ? a i?aaicanoiniai?e i?aeoeoe?. A oeueiio ca’yceo, ia
aeoieo aaoi?a, aei i?eeiyooy iiaiai e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai
eiaeaeno Oe?a?ie iaiao?aei? iaa?aeeeaaei? ci?ie ? aeiiiaiaiiy aei
/eiiiai EIE a?aeiinii iaa?aaoeueiaaieo a iueiio eiinoeoooe?eieo
i?eioeei?a, a oaeiae ii?i, ui noinothoueny i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o
a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo (no.97, 101, 103, 104 ? ?i.) Ii?yae c oeei
iaiao?aeia nooo?aa iiaaoe?y ?ino?oeoe?? i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o
Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie iniaeeai c ieoaiue ii?aeiaiiy a inia? eiiaiaee?a
a?enueeiai? /anoeie, c’?aeiaiiy, ia/aeueieea a?enueeiai? onoaiiae
iiaiiaaaeaiue eiiaiaeoaaiiy ? oi?aae?iiy iniaiaei ?o neeaaeii, c iaeiiai
aieo, oa c ?ioiai — i?ioeanoaeueieo ooieoe?e i?aaio ae?ciaiiy ?
ea??aieoeoaa ae?ciaiiyi o e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao, i?ecia/aieie ieie
ae?ciaaa/aie, a oaeiae iieeaaeaieo ia ieo iiaiiaaaeaiue i?iaaaeaiiy
iia?aoeaii-?icooeiaeo caoiae?a c iaoith aeyaeaiiy iciae cei/eio ? in?a,
ui eiai a/eieee (no.103 EIE) oa ?ioeo iieiaeaiue, ye? ia
a?aeiia?aeathoue aeeeaaeaiei i?eioeeiai e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano. O
i?ae?icae?e? oaeiae caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia iaiao?aei?noue a oeueiio
ca’yceo aianaiiy ooi/iaiue a noaooth 44 Oei/aniaiai noaoooo aioo??oiuei?
neoaeae Ca?ieieo nee Oe?a?ie oa ?io? a?aeii/? aeoe.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “I?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaia? oi?ie i?iaaaeaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy a
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao Oe?a?ie” ?icaeyaea? ieoaiiy i?aene?aeiino?
i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue, ii?yaeie ii?ooaiiy
e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa, aeaee ne?ae/eo ae?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia ?o ?ice?eooy ?
anoaiiaeaiiy aeioaaoeo in?a oa oaeoe/i? iniaeeaino? ?o i?iaaaeaeaiiy;
oiiae cae?i/aiiy ae?ciaiiy, a oaeiae cae?eniaiiy iaaeyaeo ca aeeiiaiiyi
caeii?a a ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy, ieoaiiy eaae?iaiai
caaacia/aiiy oa iai?yiee ? caoiaee uiaei iie?auaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a
ae?ciaiiy.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.1 “I?aene?aei?noue i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy ? i?ioeanoaeueia
?iciaaeoaaiiy ?o ooieoe?e”, ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co ae?th/iai
e?ei?iaeueii-i?ioeanoaeueiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa oa e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae
aecia/a?oueny i?ioeanoaeueia iiiyooy i?aene?aeiino? ? aaaeaiiy
e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa, i?aene?aeieo i?aaiai ae?ciaiiy a I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enueeao oa ?o ii?iaoeaii-i?aaiaa ?iciaaeoaaiiy c eaoaai??yie ni?aa,
?icne?aeoaaiiy yeeo a?aeianaii aei eiiiaoaioe?? ?ioeo i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy,
cie?aia i?aai?a i?eei?aeiiii? ioi?iie ? ?i. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiiy
oeeo ieoaiue a i?ae?icae?e? iieacaii, ui ca aeiyoeii ni?aa, a?aeianaieo
EIE a?aeiia?aeii aei eiiiaoaioe?? i?aai?a aaciaee ? i?aai?a
i?eei?aeiiii? ioi?iie o ni?aaao i?i ii?ooaiiy aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio
i?aaiai ae?ciaiiy a inia? eiiaiaee??a a?enueeiaeo /anoei, c’?aeiaiue oa
ia/aeueiee?a a?enueeiaeo onoaiia ? i?ecia/aieo ieie ae?ciaaa/?a ca
oa?eoi??aeueiith ? i?aaeiaoiith iciaeaie i?aene?aei? ni?aae: a) i?i
caaaeueiie?ei?iaeuei? cei/eie; a) i?i a?enueeia? cei/eie (no. 232-252,
i. “a” ? “ae” no.253, no.254-263 EE Oe?a?ie). Oae? cei/eie iiaeooue aooe
a/eiai? ye iaeiei a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeai, oae ? a?oiith;
a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeai (a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoeyie) a neeaae? a?oi ?c
oeea?eueieo in?a (o oiio /ene? ?ia?oiee?a ? neoaeaiaoe?a a?enueeiaeo
oi?ioaaiue). sseui ni?ao/anieeii cei/eio, ii?yae c oeea?eueieie iniaaie
? a?enueeiaineoaeaiaoe?, e?ei?iaeueia ni?aaa noiniaii an?o in?a, i?ney
?? ii?ooaiiy ia ii/aoeiaiio aoai? caeaa?eueoiai ?icne?aeo?oueny i?aaiaie
ae?ciaiiy a inia? a?aeiia?aeieo eiiaiaee??a ? ia/aeueiee?a, a a
iiaeaeueoiio — ne?ae/ei a?enueeiai? i?ieo?aoo?e. No.112 EIE Oe?a?ie
aecia/a? a /./. 1 ? 2 i?aaeiaoio (?iaeiao) i?aene?aei?noue e?ei?iaeueieo
ni?aa eiaeiiio c i?aai?a iiia?aaeiueiai ne?aenoaa, a a /./.3 ? 4 —
oaeiae i?aene?aei?noue ca ca’yceii ni?aa i?i ie?ai? aeaee cei/ei?a.
Ca?aeii aei oe??? noaoo?, ne?ae/? i?ieo?aoo?e iathoue i?aai i?iaiaeeoe
ne?aenoai a ni?aaao i?i aoaeue-ye? cei/eie. Ni?aae i?i aaeanoai oa
iinaaeia? cei/eie a?aeianai? aei ?o aaciina?aaeiuei? eiiiaoaioe??.
Ne?ae/? i?aai?a aioo??oi?o ni?aa ? i?aai?a aea?aeaaii? aaciaee
?icne?aeothoue ia?aaaaeii e?ei?iaeuei? ni?aae, ye? ii?ooothoueny o
ca’yceo ?c cae?eniaiiyi oeeie i?aaiaie ooieoe?e ii ioi?ii?
a?iiaaenueeiai i?aaiii?yaeeo aai aea?aeaaii? aaciaee.

Oaeei /eiii i?aaiai ae?ciaiiy a inia? a?aeiia?aeieo eiiaiaee??a
a?enueeiaeo /anoei oa ia/aeueiee?a onoaiia, a iaaeao no?ie?a, aecia/aieo
no.108 EIE, i?aene?aei? eeoa ni?aae i?i an? cei/eie, ia?ae?/ai? a
noaooyo 101 ? 112 (e??i cei/ei?a, ?icne?aeoaaiiy eio?eo ? eiiiaoaioe??th
i?aai?a aaciaee) oa no.27 (o aeiaaeeao, ia?aaeaa/aieo oe??th noaooath),
a oaeiae a ni?aaao, aeacaieo a no.425 EIE Oe?a?ie, a?aeiinii yeeo a
oe?e noaoo? ia?aaeaa/aii i?iaaaeaeaiiy a ii?yaeeo i?ioieieueii? oi?ie
aeinoaeiai? i?aeaioiaee iaoa??ae?a.

Ca?aeii c /.1 no.112 EIE ? no.no. 6 ? 7 Caeiio “I?i I?eei?aeiii?
a?enueea Oe?a?ie” aecia/a?oueny i?aaeiaoia i?aene?aei?noue i?aai?a
i?eei?aeiiii? ioi?iie ? Neoaeae aaciaee a ni?aaao i?i ii?ooaiiy
aea?aeaaiiai ei?aeiio (no.75 EE) oa cae?eniaiiy a iaaeao iaaeaii? ?i
eiiiaoaioe?? iia?aoeaii-?icooeiai? ae?yeueiino?. O i?ae?icae?e? a?eueo
aeaoaeueii aea?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea ??ciiaeae?a ni?aa, i?aene?aeieo
o?eueee i?aaiai ae?ciaiiy a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue, aiae?cothoueny
ii?iaoeaia ?aaeaiaioaoe?y ? i?aeoeea i?iaaaeaeaiiy o ni?aaao i?i
cei/eie, aecia/ai?, cie?aia, a no.425 EIE, o i?ioieieuei?e oi?i?
aeinoaeiai? i?aeaioiaee iaoa??ae?a, aeneiaeai? a?aeiinii ia? a
e?oa?aoo?? iiaeyaee (A.E. Eiaeaai?eia, A.I. Iiaeueyiaiei ? ?i).
Caaa?oo?oueny ?icaeyae oeeo ieoaiue iaa?oiooaaiiyi iieiaeaiiy i?i
iaaeineiiae?noue i?ioieieueii? oi?ie aeinoaeiaiai i?iaaaeaeaiiy a
e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aaao ? i?aeo?eieith oi/ee ci?o A. I. Iiaeueyiaiei ? oeo
aaoi??a, ye? aaaaeathoue ui oey oi?ia i?ioeanoaeueii? ae?yeueiino?
i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy (ii?yaeie ?? aecia/aiee a no.426 EIE ? a?aeoai?aiee a
i.58 ?ino?oeoe?? i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie), ia
a?aeiia?aea? i?eioeeiai e?ei?iaeueiiai i?ioeano oa aeiiaai Eiinoeoooe??
Oe?a?ie i?i caaacia/aiiy caoenoo i?aa a?iiaaeyi ? oiio ia? aooe
neaniaaia.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.2 “Iniaeeaino? ii?ooaiiy e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae oa
i?iaaaeaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy”, aiae?cothoueny noaoo? EIE Oe?a?ie, ye?
aecia/athoue caaaeueiee ii?yaeie ii?ooaiiy e?ei?iaeueieo ni?aa oa
i?iaaaeaiiy a ieo ae?ciaiiy (no.97-99 ? 104-109), ye i?e iayaiino? iciae
cei/eio, ui ia ? oyaeeei oae ? i?i oyaee? cei/eie aeacai? a no.7/1 EE
Oe?a?ie oa caa?oa?oueny oaaaa ia oa, ui aeacai? noaoo? aeeeaaeai?
ia/?oei.

Ii?yae c oeei aena?oeththoueny iieiaeaiiy ?ino?oeoe?? i?i i?iaaaeaiiy
ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie, c oeeo aea ieoaiue (i.i.6 — 10, 18 —
20) oa ?io?. Ia iniia? aiae?co eiinoaoo?oueny , ui aeaia ?ino?oeoe?y ca
ci?noii a iiai?e i??? ia a?aeiia?aea? nai?io i?ecia/aiith, ine?eueee ia
a?aoiao? a?aenooi?noue th?eaee/ii? i?aeaioiaee in?a, ia yeeo
iieeaaeathoueny iiaiiaaaeaiiy i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy, ia ?ic’ynith?
cia/aiiy niaoe?aeueieo oa?i?i?a, ye? canoiniaothoueny a oaenoiaeo
eiino?oeoe?yo aeacaieo aeua noaoae EIE (iai?eeeaae, iia?aoeaii-?icooeia?
caoiaee, iaa?aeeeaaei? ne?ae/? ae??, iaoyaee? cei/eie ? ?i.), ia
eiie?aoeco? iineeaiue ii?iaoeaieo i?eien?a ie?aieo noaoae EIE
(iai?eeeaae, a i.8 ia /.1 no.22, no.23, a i.10 ia /.1 no.66 ? o.i.).

O i?ae?icae?e 2.3 — “Iaaeyae ca aeeiiaiiyi caeii?a a ae?yeueiino?
i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy” aena?oeai? i?aaia? iniiae ae?yeueiino? i?ieo?aoo?e,
caaaeaiiy aeuiai iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi caeii?a, iniiai? ?? ooieoe??
ii cae?eniaiith iaaeyaeo ca ae?yeuei?noth i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy Ca?ieieo
nee, I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee oa ?ioeo a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue, ye?
aecia/ai? a?aeiia?aeii a no.227EIE, Caeii? Oe?a?ie “I?i i?ieo?aoo?o”
(no.3-5, 8, 12, 19, 20, 29-30), Caeii? “I?i I?eei?aeiii? a?enueea
Oe?a?ie” (no.5, 7, 13) oa a ?ino?oeoe?? i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o
Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie. Ia iniia? aiae?co aeacaieo caeii?a oa noaoae
121-123 Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie aeena?oaio iaa?oioiao? aeniiaie i?i oa, ui
a /eiieo caeiiiaeaa/eo aeoao ?aaoethaaiiy iiaiiaaaeaiue a?enueeiaeo
i?ieo?i??a oa oi?i cae?eniaiiy ieie ooieoe?e iaaeyaeo ca aeiaea?aeaiiyi
caeii?a i?e i?iaaaeaii? ae?ciaiiy o Ca?ieieo neeao ? I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enueeao ia? iaaeoi caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?. A oeueiio ca’yceo caa?oa?oueny
oaaaa ia oa, ui ?ai?oa, aei i?eeiyooy caeii?a Oe?a?ie i?i i?ieo?aoo?o,
Ca?iei? neee, I?eei?aeiii? a?enueea oa ?io? a?enueeia? oi?ioaaiiy,
no?oeoo?a, caaaeaiiy, iiaiiaaaeaiiy oa iai?yiee ae?yeueiino? a?enueeiaeo
i?ieo?aoo? ?aaeaiaiooaaeenue niaoe?aeueiei Iieiaeaiiyi i?i a?enueeiao
i?ieo?aoo?o, yea aoei a inoaii?e ?aaeaeoe?? caoaa?aeaeaia Oeacii
I?aceae?? Aa?oiaii? ?aaee N?N? a?ae 4 na?iiy 1981 ?ieo. Aeoiaey/e c
oeueiai oa e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae noaaeoueny ieoaiiy i?i aeioe?euei?noue
aeiiiaiaiiy /eiiiai Caeiio “I?i i?ieo?aoo?o” ie?aiei ?icae?eii
“I?aai?caoe?y, iiaiiaaaeaiiy ? iai?yiee ae?yeueiino? a?enueeiai?
i?ieo?aoo?e” aai i?eeiyooy i?aea?aeii/iai ocaiaeaeaiiai iieiaeaiiy c
cacia/aieo ieoaiue.

O i?ae?icae?e? 2.4 — “Ieoaiiy eaae?iaiai caaacia/aiiy i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy
I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee ? iai?yiee iie?auaiiy ?o ae?yeueiino?” aeena?oaio
i?aeaiaeeoue i?aenoiie ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enueeao, ?ioeo a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo oa i?iiiio? ?o oaeineiiaeaiiy
oeyoii aeaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy c-i?ae aeaaee eiiaiaee??a, iaaeaiiy
ae?ciaaa/ai i?ioeanoaeueii? naiino?eiino? c i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiyi
a?enueeiaiio i?ieo?i?o. A ?ioiio aa??aio? oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?a
ae?ciaiiy iiaea aooe aeinyaiooi ca ?aooiie ia?aoai?aiiy ?o a a?enueeiao
i?e?oe?th aai iie?oe?th, yea a iaea /?oei ie?aneai? iiaiiaaaeaiiy oa
eiiiaoaioe?th. Oaeei /eiii, caaaeath/e ia aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, ui
noino?oueny ?aoi?ioaaiiy i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo,
aaoi?ii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iiiio?oueny iiaoaiia
?ai?aai?caoe?y i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy.

Caaaeuei? aeniiaee

O caaaeueieo aeniiaeao aaoi? i?aee?aneth?, ui:

i?aaiii?ooaiiy iathoue i?noea o an?o a?i?yo na?oo, aeey /iai a ieo
ia?aaeaa/ai? niaoe?aeuei? no?oeoo?e — i?aaie ae?ciaiiy, ye?
cae?eniththoue ai?ioueao c oeeie i?aaiii?ooaiiyie;

aeathoueny aecia/aiiy iiiyooue “ae?ciaiiy” ? “i?aai ae?ciaiiy” o
Ca?ieieo neeao, I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao oa ?ioeo a?enueeiaeo
oi?ioaaiiyo;

ae?ciaiiy o I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao oa ?ioeo a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo —
niaoeeo?/ia oi?ia iiia?aaeiueiai (aeinoaeiaiai) ne?aenoaa;

noaooy 103 EIE oa i.i. 2, 8 ?ino?oeoe?? i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o
Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie ia?aaeaa/athoue i?iaaaeaiiy i?aaiaie ae?ciaiiy
a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiue iia?aoeaii-?icooeiai? ae?yeueiino?, a a no.5
Caeiio Oe?a?ie “I?i iia?aoeaii-?icooeiao ae?yeuei?noue” eiiaiaee?e
a?enueeiaeo /anoei, c’?aeiaiue oa ia/aeueieee a?enueeiaeo onoaiia, ye
noa’?eoe oe??? ae?yeueiino? ia aeacai?. A oeueiio ca’yceo a no.103 EIE ?
a i.i. 2, 8 ?ino?oeoe?? iiaeii? aooe aianai? eiie?aoi? ooi/iaiiy;

a?aeiia?aei? ii?ie EIE ? ?ino?oeoe?? i?i i?iaaaeaiiy ae?ciaiiy o
Ca?ieieo neeao Oe?a?ie iio?aaothoue ocaiaeaeaiiy c ii?iaoeaieie
i?eienaie Eiinoeoooe?? Oe?a?ie, ye? noinothoueny i?aa ? naiaiae
a?iiaaeyi, a oaeiae aa?aio?e ?o caaacia/aiiy;

neoaeaiaa oa i?ioeanoaeueia caeaaei?noue ae?ciaaa/a a?ae eiiaiaee?a
a?enueeiai? /anoeie, ye i?aaio ae?ciaiiy, ia ni?ey? ia’?eoeaiiio ?
anaa?/iiio ?icne?aeoaaiith e?ei?iaeueii? ni?aae;

ae?ciaaa/? iiaeii? aooe aeaaaeai? c i?aeeaaeino? eiiaiaee?o a?enueeiai?
/anoeie, a inoaii?e — iicaaaeaiee ooieoe?? i?aaio ae?ciaiiy;

iiaeaeueoa aaeineiiaeaiiy ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy iiaeiii
cae?enithaaoenue iiaoaiii, c e?ioeaaith iaoith ?o ?ai?aai?caoe?? o
a?enueeiao i?e?oe?th (iie?oe?th);

o a?aeii/iio ii?yaeeo iiaeiii aooe ae??oaii ieoaiiy i?i
iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/ia caaacia/aiiy i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy (e?oa?aoo?a,
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i? caniae, oioiaia?aoe, ne?ae/? ii?ooae? ? o.i.);

a oaeno? aeena?oaoe?? noi?ioeueiaai? ? ?io? aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe?? c
ieoaiue, ui ?icaeyaeathoueny o a?aeiia?aeieo i?ae?icae?eao.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??

1. TH. A. Eieiae?e, A. I. ss??i. I?aaie ae?ciaiiy o I?eei?aeiiieo
a?enueeao Oe?a?ie // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ? 6, /. ??. —
Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai AIAO, 1998. — N. 146-150.

2. A. I. ss?ei. Oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia ?ino i?aaiia?ooaiee a Iia?aie/iuo
aieneao Oe?aeiu // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ? 6, /. ??. —
Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai AIAO, 1998. — N. 209-214.

3. A. I. ss?ei. Caaea/e e ooieoeee i?aaiia aeiciaiey a Iia?aie/iuo
aieneao Oe?aeiu // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue ? 7, /. ??. —
Oiaeueieoeueeee: Aeae-ai AIAO, 1998. — N. 189-193.

4. TH. A. Eieiaeae, TH. E. Eeoaei, A. I. ss?ei e ae?. Iniiau
ainoaea?noaa e i?aaa: O/aaiee.// Aeaaa 11. I?iecaiaenoai ii oaieiaiui
aeaeai i?aaiia aiaiiie thnoeoeee e aeiciaiey. — Oiaeueieoeeee: Ec-ai
AIAO. — 1998. — N. 220-240.

Aiioaoe??

ss??i A.I. I?aai?caoe?ei? ? i?aaia? iniiae ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a
ae?ciaiiy a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao Oe?a?ie — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 20.02.03 — a?enueeiaa i?aai; a?enueeia? aniaeoe
i?aeia?iaeiiai i?aaa. — Aeaaeai?y I?eei?aeiiieo a?enuee Oe?a?ie,
Oiaeueieoeueeee, 1998.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia aeine?aeaeaiith i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiaeo aniaeo?a
ae?yeueiino? i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy a I?eei?aeiiieo a?enueeao ? ?ioeo
a?enueeiaeo oi?ioaaiiyo Oe?a?ie, oeyoii oaeineiiaeaiiy oa ?ai?aai?caoe??
ae?yeueiino? oeeo i?aai?a.

O oeueiio a?aeiioaii? aeooaeueiei ? ieoaiiy i?i i?aaii??i?noue
ii?aeiaiiy a inia? eiiaiaee?a a?enueeiai? /anoeie, c”?aeiaiiy,
ia/aeueieea a?enueeiaiai caeeaaeo iiaiiaaaeaiue ?aeeiiia/aeueieea oa
i?aaio ae?ciaiiy, ia?niaeoeae ?aoi?ioaaiiy aeaiiai i?aaio. Aaoi?
aaaaea?, ui ii?aeiaiiy oaeeo iiaiiaaaeaiue ia a?aeiia?aea? iieiaeaiiyi
Eiinoeoooe?? oa i?aeia?iaeiei i?aaiaei aeoai. Aeoeaioo?oueny, ui
ae?ciaaa/? iiaeii? iaoe aeuo th?eaee/io ina?oo oa cae?enithaaoe
ae?yeuei?noue i?aai?a ae?ciaiiy ye naiino?ei? no?oeoo?i? i?ae?icae?ee,
ye? ciaoiaeyoueny i?ae iaaeyaeii a?enueeiaiai i?ieo?i?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ae?ciaiiy, i?aai ae?ciaiiy, i?aaiaa iieiaeaiiy,
caaaeaiiy, no?oeoo?a, iia?aoeaii-?icooeiaa ae?yeuei?noue.

ss?ei A.I. I?aaiecaoeeiiiua e i?aaiaua iniiau aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiia
aeiciaiey a Iia?aie/iuo aieneao Oe?aeiu — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa th?eaee/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 20.02.03 — aiaiiia i?aai; aiaiiua aniaeou
iaaeaeoia?iaeiiai i?aaa. — Aeaaeaiey Iia?aie/iuo aiene Oe?aeiu,
Oiaeueieoeeee, 1998.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia enneaaeiaaieth i?aaiecaoeeiiii-i?aaiauo aniaeoia
aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiia aeiciaiey a Iia?aie/iuo aieneao e eiuo aieineeo
oi?ie?iaaieyo Oe?aeiu iooai oniaa?oainoaiaaiey e ?ai?aaiecaoeee yoeo
i?aaiia

A yoii ioiioaiee yaeyaony aeooaeueiui aii?in i i?aaiia?iinoe niaiauaiey
a eeoea eiiaiaee?a aieineie /anoe, niaaeeiaiey, ia/aeueieea aieineiai
o/?aaeaeaiey iieiiii/ee aaeeiiia/aeueieea e i?aaia aeiciaiey,
ia?niaeoeaao ?aoi?ie?iaaiey yoiai i?aaia. Aaoi? iieaaaao, /oi niaiauaiea
oaeeo iieiiii/ee ia niioaaonoaoao iieiaeaieyi Eiinoeoooeee Oe?aeiu e
iaaeaeoia?iaeiui i?aaiaui aeoai. Aeenna?oaio i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo, /oi
niaa?oainoaiaaiea aeayoaeueiinoe i?aaiia aeiciaiey a eeoea eiiaiaee?ia e
ia/aeueieeia, aiciiaeii eeoue iooai iinoaiaiiie ?ai?aaiecaoeee yoeo
i?aaiia, oae eae a ianoiyuaa a?aiy iie, eae e iacia/aaiua eie
ioeoea?u-aeiciaaaoaee ia eiatho niaoeeaeueiie th?eaee/aneie iiaeaioiaee.
E?iia oiai, aeaenoaothuaa caeiiiaeaoaeuenoai ia i?aaeoniao?eaaao
iao/ii-iaoiaee/aneia e iaoa?eaeueii-oaoie/aneia iaania/aiea i?aaiia
aeiciaiey. Oeacaiiua oaeoi?u io?eoeaoaeueii neacuaathony ia ea/anoaa
aeiciaiey e aai iauaeoeaiinoe.

Ia iniiaaiee aieaoe?iaaiey aeiciaaaoaeae, neaaeiaaoaeae, i?ieo?i?ia
aiaiiuo i?ieo?aoo?, nieneaoaeue i?eoiaeeo e auaiaeo, /oi aiaiiua
aeiciaaaoaee aeieaeiu auoue auaaaeaiu ec iiae/eiaiey eiiaiaee?ia
aieineeo /anoae, niaaeeiaiee, ia/aeueieeia aieineeo o/?aaeaeaiee, a
iineaaeiea eeoaiu i?aa i?aaiia aeiciaiey. Aeoeaioe?oaony, /oi
aeiciaaaoaee aeieaeiu eiaoue aunoaa th?eaee/aneia ia?aciaaiea e
inouanoaeyoue aeayoaeueiinoue i?aaiia aeiciaiey eae naiinoiyoaeueiua
no?oeoo?iua iiae?acaeaeaiey, iiaeiaaeci?iua aiaiiiio i?ieo?i?o. A
aeaeueiaeoai, ii ia?a ?inoa yeiiiie/aneeo aiciiaeiinoae, iiae?acaeaeaiea
aeiciaaaoaeae iaiaoiaeeii iaueaaeeieoue n aiaiiie aaoiiiaeeueiie
einiaeoeeae, iao?oeueiie neoaeaie e iaeioi?uie ae?oaeie, /oi iicaieeo
nicaeaoue i?aai aeiciaiey, ioee/athueeny aunieei i?ioanneiiaeeciii —
aiaiioth ieeeoeeth (iieeoeeth). A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaiu caaea/e
i?aaiia aeiciaiey Iia?aie/iuo aiene e noaiaiue eo o?aaoee?iaaiiinoe a
oaieiaii-i?ioeannoaeueiii caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa e Eino?oeoeee i i?iaaaeaiee
aeiciaiey a Aii?oaeaiiuo neeao Oe?aeiu, ia?auaaony aieiaiea ia
iaiaoiaeeiinoue eo ooi/iaiey e eiie?aoecaoeee. Yoi iieiaeaiea
iainiiauaaaony oai, /oi iaiieiia eee ia/aoiia ii?aaeaeaiea caaea/
i?aaiia aeiciaiey, a /anoiinoe, a Iia?aie/iuo aieneao, oneiaeiyao
i?aaeeueiia iiieiaiea eo ?iee e naio i?aaiecaoeeth i?ioeanna aeiciaiey.
Ia iniiaaiee aiaeeca aeaenoaothuaai caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa e noaoae 121-123
Eiinoeoooeee Oe?aeiu aeenna?oaio aeaeaao auaiae i oii, /oi a
aeaenoaothueo caeiiiaeaoaeueiuo aeoao iieiiii/ey aiaiiuo i?ieo?i?ia e
oi?iu inouanoaeaiey eie ooieoeee iaaeci?a ca niaethaeaieai caeiiia i?e
i?iaaaeaiee aeiciaiey, iinyo iauee oa?aeoa?, a nayce n /ai aiinyony
i?aaeeiaeaiey ii aeiiieiaieth caeiiiaeaoaeuenoaa.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeiciaiea, i?aai aeiciaiey, i?aaiaia iieiaeaiea,
caaea/e, no?oeoo?a, iia?aoeaii-?icuneiay aeayoaeueiinoue.

Yarin V.M. inguest body’s organizational and law bases of the Border
Guard Troops of Ukraine — manuscript.

This fhesis is for obtainino fhe scientific degree of the Candidate of
Juridical Sciences on Speciality 20.02.03 — military law; military
aspects of international law. — Ihe Academy of the Border Guard Troops
of Ukraine, Khmelnytsky, 1998.

The thesis deals with the organizational and law aspects of the law
Border Guard Troops and ofher militaru formations of reorganization of
the body’s activitu.

In this regard the question about the validity of the combination in the
militar unit, large unit commander’s person, the chief of the military
establishment of one-man manager authority and the inquiry body is very
important nowadays. The question about perspective of reformation of
this body. The author considers that the combination of such authority
does not correspond to conference these and International Legal Acts.

It is emphasized, that the inquirymen shoud have higher juridical
education and carry out the inquiry body activity as independent
structural units under the military prosecutar’s surveillance

Key words: law inguest, law inguest body, law regulations, tasrs,
structure, operational — searching activity.

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