2

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie

«Ee?anueeee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo»

NEIAIAessIEE Aiaoie?e Aeieo?iae/

OAeE 535: 53.082.5

IIOIAEAEO?IIIEE I?EEAAe AeEss AeINE?AeAEAIIss IIOE*IEO
AEANOEAINOAE NA?OEI?ICN?THAAEUeIEO IAOA??AE?A A OIIAAO
AAAAOIE?AOIIAI ?ICN?ssIIss

05.11.07 — iioe/i? i?eeaaee oa nenoaie

A A O I ? A O A ? A O

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? o?ceee A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.Eioethaeinueeiai I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eiaaeue Na?a?e
O?ioeiiae/, Iaoeiiiaeueiee oao-i?/iee oiiaa?neoao Oe?a?ie «EI?»,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e iioe/ieo oa iioe/ii-aeaeo?iiieo i?eeaae?a.

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oei/ee A?eai??e
Naiaiiae/, Iaoeiiiaeueiee oao- i?/iee oiiaa?neoao Oe?a?ie «EI?»,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e ae?iaieoeoaa i?eeaae?a;

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Naiaoi?ia Aieiaeeie? Ieeieaeiae/,
ia’?eo “Oe?eooy”, ea??aiee a?aeae?eo, i. *i?iiaeeue.

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Oeaio?aeueia eiino?oeoi?nueea ath?i AI «A?naiae»,
NEB-9 I?i?noa?noaa i?iieneiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno aiaeaoaeaoueny » 25 » ethoiai 1999 ?. i 15.00 aiae. ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.002.07 i?e
Iaoeiiiaeueiiio oaoi?/iiio oiiaa?neoaoi Oe?a?ie «Ee?anueeee
iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo» ca aae?anith: 252056, Ee?a-56, i?. Ia?aiiae, 37,
ei?i.1, aoae.317.

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo Oe?a?ie «EI?».

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 21 » n?/iy 1999 ?.

A/aieenae?aoa?
Aaeueiai E.I.

niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.002.07

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEE ?AAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Aea/aiiy iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae na?oei?icn?thth/eo iaoa??ae?a
iaoiaeaie niaeo?ioioiiao??? ia? aaeeea cia/aiiy ye o ooiaeaiaioaeueieo,
oae ? a i?eeeaaeieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui
a?eueo?noue i?e?iaeieo ? ooo/ieo ia’?eo?a ?icn?ththoue na?oei ? ?o
aeine?aeaeaiiy cae/aeieie eeane/ieie iaoiaeaie ? ia o?eueee neeaaeiith
caaea/ath, a e a aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao acaaae? ia?ica’yciith. E??i oiai,
na?oeiaee i?ii?iue — aieiaiee ?ino?oiaio iioe/ieo iaoiae?a aeoaea
c?o/iee i?e?iciiae, ui aeicaiey? i?iaiaeeoe aaceiioaeoi?, ia?oei?ai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

I?e aca?iiae?? na?oeiaiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy c aeacaieie
iaoa??aeaie i?ioiaeeoue ci?ia niaeo?aeueieo, iiey?ecaoe?eieo,
aia?aaoe/ieo, i?inoi?iaeo oa ?ioeo o?ce/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Aaee/eia ?
oa?aeoa? oeeo ci?i aecia/a?oueny o?ceei-o?i?/iith i?e?iaeith
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai iaoa??aeo, eiai aaiiao?e/iith aoaeiaith. Oiio a iie?
?icn?yiiiai aeine?aeaeoaaiei iaoa??aeii aei?ii?ithaaii? i?noeoueny
aaaeeeaa ?ioi?iaoe?y i?i eiai o?ce/i? aeanoeaino?.

Ao?oeeaee ?icaeoie iioiaeaeo?ii?ee, eiii’thoa?ii? oa i?e?ii?ioeani?ii?
oaoi?ee a inoaii? ?iee nooo?ai ?icoe?ea iiaeeeaino? iioeee
na?oei?icn?thth/eo na?aaeiaeu a ?aae?caoe?? ??ciiiai?oieo
aenieiaoaeoeaieo oa ia?oei?aieo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy e eiio?ieth
iioeei-o?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a oe?eiai ?yaeo oe?iei ?iciianthaeaeaieo
ia’?eo?a aeeai? oa iaaeeai? i?e?iaee. Iniaeeaa i?noea na?aae ieo
caeiathoue ia’?eoe a?iiaaee/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy oa oaenoeeuei?
iaoa??aee.

Canoinoaaiiy iioe/ieo iaoiae?a aeey ae?aaiinoeee
iieieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue e?ia? oa ?ioeo a?ieia?/ieo oeaiei a
oaia??oi?e /an ana /ano?oa cono??/a?oueny a iaaee/i?e i?aeoeoe?.
Niaoeeo?ea a?ioeaiei a oiio, ui aiie yaeythoue niaith
na?oei?icn?thth/a ? naeaeoeaii iiaeeiath/a na?aaeiaeua. Oiio aeey
?o aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeia canoiniaoaaoe iaoiaee, iaoiaeeee ? caniae
niaeo?ineii?? ?icn?thth/eo na?aaeiaeu. Ine?eueee iaeiei ?c iniiaieo
iiaeeiath/eo eiiiiiaio?a a?ioeaiei, a e?aei?e i??? a aeaeei?e
iaeano? niaeo?o, ? e?ia, oi iaiao?aeia ia?aeaeueia aea/aiiy a?ioeaiei
? e?ia? a ii?i? oa iaoieia??. Ne?ae caa?iooe oaaao ? ia oa, ui
iioe/ia aei?ii?ithaaiiy iaei? ?ioaineaiino? ia aiineoue cia/ieo ci?i
ee?oeiai, eiee ?niothoue caia?a/aiiy aei canoinoaaiiy
oeueo?acaoeiaeo ? i?iiaiaaeo iaoiae?a.

No/aniee ??aaiue iioeee na?oei?icn?thth/eo na?aaeiaeu aeiaaa?
a?ae iaoeiaoe?a noai?aiiy ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy
oa ia?iaee io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ui iia’ycaii c niaoeeo?eith oe???
aaeoc? iaoee. Oae? aeiiae iiaeii? caaacia/oaaoe aaoiiaoecaoe?th an?o
aei??ieo i?ioean?a, ?o aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeuei?noue oa aeni?ani?noue,
eiii’thoa?ia oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii aenia?eiaioo oa aeine?aeaeaiiy
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. E??i oiai, aeacai? aeiiae ia iiaeii? aieeaaoe
ia aeinooii?noue, oi/i?noue ? aeinoia??i?noue aei???a,
?ai?iaeoeoeai?noue ?acoeueoao?a oiui.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a no/anieo ?ia?o a iaeano? iioeee
na?oei?icn?thth/eo iaoa??ae?a, cie?aia aani?aoe?eii? niaeo?ioioiiao???,
iieacaa, ui niaoeeo?/i? i?iaeaie aenia?eiaioaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o,
iia’ycai? c o?aooaaiiyi aoaeo?a ?icn?yiiy, caeeoathoueny ua aei e?ioey
ia ?ica’ycaieie. A ca’yceo c oeei, a oaeiae i?ae aieeaii
aaaaoi/enaeueieo i?aeoe/ieo i?iaeai, aeiaaath/eo ciaiiy oi/ieo
ia?aiao??a naieo iae??ciiiai?oi?oeo ca nai?th i?e?iaeith ? no?oeoo?ith
na?oei?icn?thth/eo iaoa??ae?a, c a?aooaaiiyi on?o iiaeeeaeo aoaeo?a,
oeae ?yae ieoaiue ana a a?eueo?e i??? noa? iaeiei ?c iniiaieo iai?yie?a
no/anii? o?ce/ii? iioeee.

Oaeei /eiii, ?ic?iaea iioe/ieo iaoiae?a ? noai?aiiy
a?aeiia?aeii? iioiaeaeo?iiii? aia?aoo?e aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee
i?ioean?a a ia’?eoao a?iiaaee/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy oa oaenoeeueieo
iaoa??aeao, ui a?oioothoueny ia iaoiaeao iioeee ?icn?thth/eo na?aaeiaeu
aeooaeuei? ye a iaoeiaiio, oae ? a i?aeoe/iiio ieai?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiioaaeanue a ?aieao oaiaoe/ieo ieai?a
A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo, ye? caoaa?aeaeai?
I?i?noa?noaii Ina?oe Oe?a?ie (N 0196-002202) a iaoeiaeo eaai?aoi??yo
iioeee oa iioeee na?oei?icn?thaaeueieo na?aaeiaeu eaoaae?e o?ceee
A?iieoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai ?inoeoooo. Ai?iaaoe?y
ie?aieo ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?iaie cae?enithaaeanue a NEOA «Eaaio?ii»
(i.A?iieoey), a iieieia?/iiio aeeniaina?? ? iaeani?e ee?i?/i?e e?ea?i?
?i.I.?.Ie?iaiaa (i.A?iieoey). E??i oiai, ?ic?iaeai? iia? onoaiiaee ?
iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiue aeei?enoiaoaaeenue i?e aeeiiaii?
aea?aeaeiaia??ieo oaiaoee: N61- «Iao?aaeeoe?eiee
niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iee iaoiae ?aiiuei? aeni?anii? ae?aaiinoeee
iieieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue», N83 — «Noai?aiiy ? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeo
eiionieo iioe/ieo nenoai», a oaeiae canoiniaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio
i?ioean? o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/iiai oaeoeueoaoo AAeIO ?i.I.Eioethaeinueeiai.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. A?aoiaoth/e aeacai? i?iaeaie,
iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ?:

a) ?ic?iaea i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae iioe/ii? eiii’thoa?ii-aei??thaaeueii?
nenoaie (IEAN), no?oeoo?e, iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy iniiaieo iioe/ieo
ia?aiao??a iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeu a oiiaao aaaaoie?aoiiai
?icn?yiiy;

a) aeine?aeaeaiiy ? iaa?oiooaaiiy c ?o aeiiiiiaith oa?aeoa?ieo
o?ce/ieo aeanoeainoae ? i?eioeeiiaeo iniaeeainoae aeine?aeaeoaaieo
ia’?eo?a a?iiaaee/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy oa oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a;

a) ?ic?iaea aeai?eoio ?iaioe oa i?ia?aiieo cania?a aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
oi/iino? aei??thaaiiy ? aaoiiaoecaoe?? aei??thaaeueieo i?ioean?a ia
IEAN.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ae??oothoueny
oae? iniiai? caaea/?:

· ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c a?aeiieo iaoiae?a eiio?ieth iaiaeii??aeieo
na?aaeiaeu, ui caniiaai? ia ??cieo o?ce/ieo oa oaoi?/ieo i?eioeeiao;

· aiae?c no/anieo iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee iieieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue;

· ?ic?iaea i?eioeei?a iiaoaeiae IEAN aeey aecia/aiiy iioe/ieo
ia?aiao??a a?ioeaiei oa
oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a;

· noai?aiiy iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a
a?ioeaiei;

· ?ic?iaea aeai?eoi?a ooieoe?iioaaiiy IEAN oa i?ia?aiieo cania?a
aeey ea?oaaiiy aei??thaaeueiei i?ioeanii ? aiae?co io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a a aaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei?;

· aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e aeiiiiic? ?ic?iaeaii? IEAN iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a
ieacie e?ia? aeiii??a oa c iieiiaoieia?/ieie a?aeoeeaiiyie;

· aeine?aeaeaiiy iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a oanoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? i?aaenoaaeai? i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae iioe/ii?
eiii’thoa?ii-aei??thaaeueii? nenoaie oa iaoiaeeee aeine?aeaeaiiy
iniiaieo iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a na?oei?icn?thaaeueieo iaoa??ae?a c
canoinoaaiiyi oe??? nenoaie.

Aeaiaioaie iaoeiai? iiaecie aeaii? ?iaioe ?:

1. ?ic?iaea eiii’thoa?eciaaii? oi?aa?naeueii? niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ii?
onoaiiaee aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy oe?eiai ?yaeo iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a
iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeu.

2. Noai?aiiy a?aeiia?aeii? iaoiaeeee aenia?eiaioo aeey IEAN oa iaeaoo
i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai aeey aei??thaaiiy ia i?e.

3. Cai?iiiiiaaii iioe/iee iaoiae ae?aaiinoeee iieiioeueiiiaoieia?e.
I?iaaaeai? niaeo?ioioiiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy niaeo??a iiaeeiaiiy
aeiii?nueei? oa iieiiaoieia?/ii? ieacie e?ia? ? i?iaiae?ciaai? io?eiai?
?acoeueoaoe.

4. Aei??yi? iioe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a ??cii?
o?i?/ii? i?e?iaee a niaeo?aeueiiio ae?aiacii? 360-1100 ii oa
oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae? 80-400 E. Anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue
oaieio?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a a?ae ?o iioe/ieo
aeanoeainoae.

5. Aeine?aeaeaii o?ainoi?iaoe?th na?oeiaiai iiey eiionieie
iioe/ieie nenoaiaie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

?iaioa ? iniiaith aeey noai?aiiy iaoeiai-iaa?oioiaaieo iioe/ieo
eiii’thoa?ii-aei??thaaeueieo nenoai aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ainoi?iaoe??
na?oeiaiai iiey iaiaeii??aeieie na?aaeiaeuaie. A ?iaio? io?eiai? iia?
?acoeueoaoe a aeooaeuei?e iaeano? no/anii? o?ceee — iioeoe?
na?oei?icn?thaaeueieo na?aaeiaeu. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ia o?eueee
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue aeaye? aniaeoe oai??? ia?aiino aei?ii?ithaaiiy,
aea e aeei?enoai? i?e ai?iaaaeaeaii? ?ic?iaeaieo iiaeo iaoiae?a ?
io?eiaieo ia ?o iniia? ?acoeueoao?a i?e aecia/aii? oaoiieia?/ieo
?aaeei?a ? ia?aiao??a o ae?iaieoeoa? oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a oa ?o
aenieoaoaoe??. A ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeiaaaeaia
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo niaeo?ioioiiao??? aeey ae?aaiinoeee
iieieaaaiaaeo iaoieia?e ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo eiii’thoa?eciaaiiai
eoeueiaiai ?ioaa?aeueiiai oioiiao?a, ui aeicaiey? ca?eueoeoe
aeni?ani?noue oa ?acoeueoaoeai?noue ae?aaiinoe/ieo, i?io?eaeoe/ieo oa
e?eoaaeueieo caoiae?a o ee?i?/i?e i?aeoeoe? iieiaeeniaina??a.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui caoeuathoueny:

1. Eiino?oeoe?? ? oaoi?/i? ia?aiao?e ?ic?iaeaieo onoaiiaie:

a) eiii’thoa?eciaaiiai oi?aa?naeueiiai niaeo?ioioiiao?a;

a) aaoiiaoeciaaii? onoaiiaee aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ainoi?iaoe??
na?oeiaiai iiey eiionieie iioe/ieie nenoaiaie.

2. Eiie?aoi? iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiiy iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a
na?oei?icn?thth/eo ia’?eo?a ia IEAN ? onoaiiaoe? aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?ainoi?iaoe?? na?oeiaiai iiey eiionieie iioe/ieie nenoaiaie.

3. Caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioo iiaeeiaiiy a?ae aeiaaeeie oaee? ieacie
e?ia? aeiii?a oa ieacie e?ia? c iieiiaoieia?/ieie a?aeoeeaiiyie.

4. ?iciiae?e na?oeiaiai iiey eiionieie iioe/ieie nenoaiaie,
io?eiaiee ia iniia? iiaoaeiae caa?aaeaiiy a ieo.

5. Iioe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a ??cii? o?i?/ii?
i?e?iaee a niaeo?aeueiiio ae?aiacii? 360-1100 ii oa oaiia?aoo?iiio
?ioa?aae? 80-400 E. Caeaaei?noue oaieio?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a
oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a a?ae ?o iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Aieiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia i?aeia?iaeieo, aea?aeaaieo eiioa?aioe?yo, oi?oiao ?
nai?ia?ao, a oiio /ene?: ?anioae?eainueea oeiea-nai?ia? «Iioeea ?
niaeo?ineii?y ? ?o ?ieue a IOI», A?iieoey, 1988 ?.; iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia
eiioa?aioe?y e?a?i Ni?aae?oaeiino? Iacaeaaeieo Aea?aeaa «Eiio?ieue ?
oi?aae?iiy a oaoi?/ieo nenoaiao», A?iieoey, 1992 ?.; iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia
eiioa?aioe?y e?a?i Ni?aae?oaeiino? Iacaeaaeieo Aea?aeaa «Iaoea —
?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?», A?iieoey, 1992 ?.; iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia eiioa?aioe?y
e?a?i Ni?aae?oaeiino? Iacaeaaeieo Aea?aeaa «Aei??thaaeueia oaoi?ea a
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao ? eiiaa?n?? ae?iaieoeoa», Oiaeueieoeueeee,
1992, 1993 ??.; ae?oaee i?aeia?iaeiee iieiae?aeiee oi?oi
«?aaeeiyeaeo?iieea e iieiaeaaeue a XXI aaea», Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.; ui??/i?
iaoeia? eiioa?aioe?? eaoaae? o?ceee ? COAe AAeIO
?i.I.Eioethaeinueeiai, 1988-1998 ??.

Ioae?eaoe??.

Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? aaoi?ii iioae?eiaaii 15 iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, a oiio
/ene? 6 o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, 2 iaoaioe Oe?a?ie, 7 o iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao
ca iaoa??aeaie eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiaiee ci?no ?iaioe i?noeoue 123 noi??iee iniiaiiai oaenoo, 29
?enoie?a, 3 oaaeeoe?, 2 oioia?ao??. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e i?noeoue 122
iaeiaioaaiiy. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, o?ueio ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ? aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe??
— 158 noi??iie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue iaoeiai? i?iaeaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo ?
caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy, iaaaaeaii caaaeueio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?iaioe.

C?iaeaia ni?iaa ocaaaeueiaiiy an?o iaeiia?oeo ?acoeueoao?a ye
oai?aoe/iiai, oae ? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o
aeine?aeaeaiiy iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae na?oei?icn?thth/eo iaoa??ae?a a
oiiaao aaaaoie?aoiiai ?icn?yiiy a iao?e e?a?i? ? ca ?oaaaeai.
?icaeyiooi iaaeeaeai? oai?aoe/i? iaoiaee ?ica’yceo ??aiyiiy
ia?aiino aei?ii?ithaaiiy. Aecia/ai? i?iaeaie ? aeooaeuei? caaea/?
oeueiai ?icae?eo iioeee ? ia?aaeaa/ai? ia?niaeoeae noai?aiiy iiaeo
iioiaeaeo?iiieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo onoaiiaie, ye? a?aeiia?aeaee a
oaia??oiueiio ??aith iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue. I?iaaaeaii
ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c no/anieo iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee iieieia?/ieo
caoai?thaaiue ? iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue canoinoaaiiy
iioiaeaeo?iiiiai iaoiaeo aeey ae?aaiinoeee iieieia?/ieo a?aeoeeaiue
ia ?aii?o noaae?yo ?o ?icaeoeo.

Nooo?aiio ?icaeoeo oai??? ia?aiino oa niaeo?ineii?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ni?ey? ?icoe?aiiy iiaeeeainoae eiii’thoa?ii? oaoi?ee, iiooaeia
i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeey iioe/ieo eiii’thoa?ii-aei??thaaeueieo
onoaiiaie. Ia oe?e aea iniia? ?ic?iaeythoueny nenoaie cai?o,
caa?aaeaiiy ? ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i i?e?iaei? ia’?eoe c iaoith
noai?aiiy aaie?a aeaieo, ui aeeth/athoue ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ? oai?aoe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a i?i oa?aeoa?enoeee na?oeiaiai
iiey, o?ainoi?iiaaiiai na?oei?icn?thaaeueieie iaoa??aeaie.

Oni?oe ooiaeaiaioaeueieo ? i?eeeaaeieo iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a
a?eueo?e i??? caeaaeaoue a?ae aaoiiaoecaoe?? aei??thaaeueieo i?ioean?a,
nenoai oi?aae?iiy ? aiae?co io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oeueiio i?ioeano
ni?ey? caaaeueia eiii’thoa?ecaoe?y an?o noi??i ethaenueei? ae?yeueiino?
? ?icaeoie iiaeo eiii’thoa?ieo oaoiieia?e ae??oaiiy i?eeeaaeieo caaea/
?c ??ciiiai?oieo i?aaeiaoieo iaeanoae. Oe?iea aeei?enoaiiy aeey oe???
iaoe iioe/ieo eiii’thoa?ii-aei??thaaeueieo nenoai a iioeoe?
iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeu aeicaiey? nei?ioeoe /an aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, cieceoe i?aoeai?noe?noue, i?aeaeueoe ?ioi?iaoeai?noue ?
oi?aa?naeuei?noue aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ? iaaeaoe ?iai/iio
i?noeth iaoeiaiai ni?a?ia?oieea a?eueo eiioi?oaaaeueiee aeaeyae.

Aei neeaaeo cai?iiiiiaaii? IEAN aoiaeyoue oae? caaaeuei?
ooieoe?iiaeuei? aocee oa aeaiaioe: iioe/ia nenoaia (niaeo?ioioiiao?e,
onoaiiaee aeey iiaeaethaaiiy iaiaeii??aeieo na?oei?icn?thth/eo
na?aaeiaeu); ia?niiaeueiee eiii’thoa?; i?eeiaeueii-?a?no?oth/a nenoaia;
e?iaiaoe/ia nenoaia; aaeaioa? ca’yceo; iaeao i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai.

Aaaeeeaith neeaaeiaith /anoeiith niaeo?ioioiiao?a ? ina?oethaaeueia
nenoaia, yea a on?o niaeo?ioioiiao?ao yaey? niaith oi/eiaa aeaea?aei ?
ia?aaie?/iee a?aeaeaa/. I?e/iio na?oeiaiai iioieo, yeee aeeo/athoue
oae? nenoaie, aoaa? iaaeinoaoiuei aeey aeine?aeaeaiue iioe/ii
aonoeo na?aaeiaeu. Aeei?enoaiiy ieoeiiiae?aiiai aeaea?aea (aaeiaaiia
eaiia EAE-84 A) na?oea ? eii?/iiai aeca?eaeueiiai a?aeaeaa/a c eooii
?icoeeo i?e aa?oei? 90wmetafile8? ??A ?iaio? i?iaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee
cai?iiiiiaaii? ina?oethaaeueii? nenoaie aeey niaeo?ioioiiao?a. Ciaeaeaii
ina?oeai?noue E ae?aio a oi/oe? A ia in? iaa?oaiiy aeca?eaeueiiai
eiiona ? anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue ina?oeaiino? E ae?aio a?ae a?aenoai? Z
aei in? iaa?oaiiy eiiona. ?ic?aooiee i?iaiaeeeenue ia iniia? iiaoaeiae
cia?aaeaiiy a eiionieo iioe/ieo nenoaiao (?en.1).

?en1. Cia?aaeaiiy ieoeiiiae?aiiai aeaea?aea a eiioni?e iioe/i?e nenoai?.

Io?eiaia caeaaei?noue ae?aaea?oueny oi?ioeith:

aea k — eiao?oe??io, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae aeiaaeeie aeaea?aea;

c — eiao?oe??io, yeee a?aoiao? ?ici??e aeca?eaeueiiai eiiona.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee aaaaoiooieoe?iiaeueiee niaeo?ioioiiao? neiino?oeiaaiee ia
aac? iaeiieaiaeueiiai niaeo?ioioiiao?a, a yeee aaaaeaii oioiiao?e/io
noa?o c aeieii aoaeii?a, iai?ioeyoe?eiee iaoai?ci c ethaaoith,
aeie oioii?eeia/?a, i?eno??e aeey thnooaaiiy. A?i neeaaea?oueny ?c
oaeeo iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai (?en.2): ? — nenoaia
iiiio?iiaoe/iiai aei?ii?ithaaiiy: 1 — ieoeiiiae?aia aeaea?aei na?oea, 2
— eiioniiiae?aiee aeca?eaeueiee a?aeaeaa/, 3 aeeo?aeoe?eia a?aaeea
c? ci?iiei e?ieii ? e?eaie?i?eiei oo?eoii, 4 — aeo?aeia ?aaoethth/a
u?eeia, 5 — e?ica, 8 — ieinea a?aeaeaath/a aeca?eaei, 13 —
aeca?eaeueiee ia’?eoea, 14 — ao?aeia u?eeia. II — nenoaia
aei??thaaiiy niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a (?ioaa?oth/a noa?a); 6 —
oioiiao?e/ia eaia?a aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ici?eo na?aaeiaeu aai aeey
aenoaaeaiiy oieonoth/eo iioe/ieo i?eno?i?a, yea aea? ciiao
ia?ai?uoaaoe ?ioaa?oth/o noa?o o aa?oeeaeueiiio iai?yieo, 7 —
ieinea aeca?eaei, 9 — ethaaoa c o?enaoi?aie c?acea ? ci?iiei
eiaia/eii, 10 — iai?ioeyoe?eiee iaoai?ci c a?ce?ii aeey
a?ae?aooaaiiy eooa iiai?ioo ethaaoe c c?aceii; III —
i?eeiaeueii-?a?no?oth/a nenoaia, a yeo aoiaeyoue i?eeia/?
ei?ioeioaeeueiaiai (OAO 100) ? aeiaaioaeeueiaiai (OAO 62)
aei?ii?ithaaiiy, aeaea?aei (EAI) noaa?e?ciaaiiai aeeaeaiiy,
?a?no?oth/ee i?eeaae (A7-21A); IV nenoaia aiae?co ? oi?aae?iiy
niaeo?ioioiiao?ii: AII, Ae1 e?ieiaee aeaeaoi, ui ci?ith?
aeiaaeeio oaee?, Ae2 — e?ieiaee aeaeaoi, yeee ci?ith? oe?eio
aeo?aeii? u?eeie.

sseui aeine?aeaeoaaiee ia’?eo i?aaenoaaey? niaith ??aeeio (e?ia,
ieacia, oiui), oi ?ioaa?aeueiee oioiiao? ciaoiaeeoueny a
aa?oiueiio iieiaeaii?. Aea yeui i?iaiaeeoueny aeine?aeaeaiiy
nooe?eueieo (oaenoeeuei? iaoa??aee) aai ii?ioeiiiae?aieo c?ace?a,
oiae? ?ioaa?aeueiee oioiiao? ca aeiiiiiaith niaoe?aeueiiai
naeaceiaiai iaoai?cio (11) ia?ai?uo?oueny a ieaei? iieiaeaiiy. A
oeueiio aeiaaeeo na?oeiaee iio?e, ui aeoiaeeoue c ia’?eoeaa (5)
iio?aiey? ia iaa?oiaa aeca?eaei (7), ? o?eueee i?ney iueiai iaaea? ia
iiaa?oith c?acea (9). (12) — ei?ion iiiio?iiaoi?a. Oaiia?aoo?o
aeine?aeaeoaaiiai c?acea iiaeia ci?ithaaoe ca aeiiiiiaith nenoaie
oa?ii?aaoeyoe??. Oey nenoaia neeaaea?oueny c e?eiaaiii? nenoaie ?
iaa??aath/i? nenoaie.

?en.2. Noaia iioe/ii? eiii’thoa?ii-aei??thaaeueii? nenoaie aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeu.

Aioo??oiy iiaa?oiy ?ioaa?oth/i? ii?iaeieie iie?eaa?oueny ieneaeii
iaai?th (MgO) oiaueiith 1-1,5 ii (iaoiae inaaeaeaiiy ieneaeo i?e
cai?aii? no?oaeie iaoaeaaiai Mg ). Aeacaia oiaueia iaianaiiai oa?o MgO
caaacia/o? eiao?oe??io a?aeaeaaiiy 95-98 % ai?iaeiaae anueiai
?ioa?aaeo aeiaaeei oaeeue (300-1200 ii). Oaea noaa?euei?noue MgO
iiynith?oueny oei, ui a?i i?aaenoaaey? niaith ae?aeaeo?ee c e?a?i
aeaniiai iiaeeiaiiy, ui i?eiaaea? ia aeiaaeeio oaee? wmetafile8?
??‰???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? A`???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ????? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th??????I?e noai?aii? IEAN ia oai?aoe/iiio ?
i?aeoe/iiio ??aiyo ?ica’ycaii i?iaeaio ii?ioaaiiy na?oeiai? aia?a?? ii
niaeo?o. Oaeee ?ica’ycie oe??? i?iaeaie aeaa ciiao ai?iaaaeeoe
eiii’thoa?ia oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanii aei??thaaiiy, aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
ia?iaeo io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O a?aeiieo iaoiaeao ii?ioaaiiy na?oeiaiai iioieo, iienaieo o e?oa?aoo??,
canoiniaothoue iaa?? o?ao?ieo ae?ao?aai, ye? iathoue oi?io, ui
a?aeia?aaea? niaeo?aeuei? ooieoe?? ina?oethaaeueii? nenoaie,
niaeo?aeueiiai i?eeaaeo, ii?ioth/iai eiiieaeno, i?eeia/a. Oae?
ae?ao?aaie anoaiiaeththoueny ia?aae aeo?aeiith u?eeiith oae, ui aiie
iiaeooue ia?anoaaoenue a?aeiia?aeii aei ci?ie aeiaaeeie oaee?
aeo?aeiiai neaiaeo ? ia aeoiae? aoaea a?aeoai?thaaoenue oa
niaeo?aeueia ooieoe?y, aeey yei? canoiniaoaaeanue ii?ioth/a o?ao?ia
ae?ao?aaia. Oaea ii?ioaaiiy na?oeiaiai iioieo ca niaeo?ii ? aeineoue
aaaeeith oaoi?/iith caaea/ath. E??i oiai, i?e cai?i? iaeiiai ?c
iioe/ieo aeaiaio?a (aeaea?aea, i?eeia/a, oiui) aeieea? iio?aaa a
iiaoi?iiio aeaioiaeaii? o?ao?ieo ae?ao?aai.

Io?eiaii iia? iaoaiaoe/i? na?aa?aeiioaiiy, ye? aecia/athoue iiaeaeue
ooieoe?iioaaiiy IEAN a aaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei?. A cai?iiiiiaaiiio iaoiae?
aeiaaeeia oaee? iioe/iiai neaiaeo oa aenioa aeo?aeii? u?eeie
ci?iththoueny a?aeiia?aeii ca aeiiiiiaith aeaio ?iioeuenieo e?ieiaeo
aeaeaoi?a (AeOE-200-3), i?e/iio oe?eia u?eeie caeeoa?oueny
iaci?iiith. Oey oiiaa ? aaaeeeaith, oae ye a?ae oe?eie aeo?aeii? u?eeie
caeaaeeoue niaeo?aeueiee ?ioa?aae wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
A`???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy ????? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th??????A?aeoae, i?ioean aei??thaaiiy ia IEAN
cae?enith?oueny ca oaeei aeai?eoiii. A ethaaoio eaia?o anoaiiaeththoue
aoaeiiio ethaaoo. Aeey eiaeiiai cia/aiiy aeiaaeeie oaee?
caaeaiiai niaeo?aeueiiai ae?aiaciio caienothoue o noai?aiee
oaee «Aeiaaeeia oaee?-1» iieiaeaiiy u?eeie (e?euee?noue ?iioeuen?a)
i?e iieacao aieueiao?a (A7-21A) 99-101 mA. I?ioean iiia?aaeiuei?
?ici?oee (ii?ioaaiiy) i?iaiaeyoue aeae?eueea ?ac?a ? ona?aaeiththoue.
Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe caiinyoue a oaee c ?i’yi «Aeiaaeeia
oaee?-S». Aeae? ia i?noe? aoaeiiii? ethaaoe ?icoaoiaothoue aeine?aeiee
c?acie ? cae?eniththoue cai?ioi?e i?ioean. Iio??aia iieiaeaiiy u?eeie
aeey aeaii? aeiaaeeie oaee? anoaiiaeth?oueny aeaeaoiii, ia yeee
iiaea?oueny oa e?euee?noue ?iioeuen?a, ui aoea caianaia a oaee
«Aeiaaeeia oaee?-S» a i?ioean? iiia?aaeiuei? ?ici?oee. I?ney oeueiai
iieace aieueoiao?a a?aeiinieo cia/aiue niaeo?aeueii? aaee/eie
caienothoueny a noai?aiee oaee «Aeiaaeeia oaee?-R». Ia iniia?
io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aoaeothoueny a?ao?ee caeaaeiino? iioe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee (iiaeeiaiiy, i?iioneaiiy, a?aeaeaaiiy) a?ae aeiaaeeie
oaee?.

Eiino?oeoe?y noai?aii? IEAN aea? iiaeeea?noue cae?enithaaoe i?yi?
aei??thaaiiy a oe?ieiio niaeo?aeueiiio ?ioa?aae? (300-1200 ii)
aaniethoieo cia/aiue eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeaaiiy wmetafile8?
??‰???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy ??? ??A?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????Aeey cai?iiiiiaaii? IEAN ?ic?iaeaii
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aei??thaaiiy iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a
na?oei?icn?thth/eo na?aaeiaeu a aaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei?. Aeey
aei??thaaiiy eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeaaiiy iaiao?aeii ethaaoo c
aeine?aeaeoaaiei c?aceii iii?noeoe a oeaio? ?ioaa?oth/i? noa?e ?
iiaa?iooe iaaeiei in? ia eoo ii?yaeeo 5wmetafile8? ??

aea Owmetafile8? ??sseui oie aea i?iiaienoee iio?e iaaea? ia
aioo??oith iiaa?oith noa?e, oi iieace i?eeia/a aoaeooue iaoe aeaeyae:

Iio?e, ui iaaea? ia ethaaoo c aeine?aeaeoaaiei ia’?eoii
(ieacia e?ia?), i?iii?oe?eiee iieacai i?eeia/a:

Aei??thaaiiy eiao?oe??ioo a?aeaeaaiiy aeey iaeiiai ? oiai ae oeio
ethaao /e eanao i?iaiaeeoueny iaeei ?ac ? o?eueee ia??iaee/ii
ia?aa??y?oueny. I?e ?o cai?i? cia/aiiy wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy&???@??AE?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th?????? I?ney ciaoiaeaeaiiy ?noeiiiai
wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
``???&??yyyy?????Ayyy&??? ??†?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th?????? aea wmetafile8? ??
wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
``???&??yyyy?????Ayyy&??? ??†?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th??????Ia?niiaeueiee eiii’thoa? a oe?e nenoai? ?
oeaio?aeueiith eaieith oi?aae?iiy ?iaioith IEAN. C aeiiiiiaith iaeaoo
i?eeeaaeieo i?ia?ai AII aeeiio? ooieoe?? oi?aae?iiy e?iaiaoe/iith
nenoaiith, a oaeiae i?iaiaeeoue c/eooaaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c
i?eeiaeueii-?a?no?oth/i? nenoaie aeey iiaeaeueoi? ?? ia?iaee ? aeaea/?
?acoeueoao?a ei?enooaa/o a a?eueo c?o/i?e aeey iueiai oi?i?.

I?e neeaaeaii? i?ia?ai aeey IEAN a?aoiaoany aeina?ae i?aai?caoe?? ?
iiaoaeiae ?ioa?oaeno ei?enooaa/a, a iniiao yeiai iieeaaeai? ianooii?
iieiaeaiiy: 1) aeoeaiooaaiiy oaaae ei?enooaa/a ia aeai? ? iiaeeea?
ae??; 2) iiaeeea?noue aeueoa?iaoeaieo ae?e; 3) a?ao?/ia cia?aaeaiiy
aeaieo; 4) iaeii/ania aeaaaeaiiy ia ae?ai aca?iiiia’ycaii? ?ioi?iaoe??;
5) aeiiiiiaa a oi?aae?ii? ae?yie ei?enooaa/a ? i?i?i?caoe?y
?ioi?iaoe??, yeo iaiao?aeii iai’yoaoe.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae ieacie e?ia? ? oaenoeeueieo oeaiei, io?eiai? ca
aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaii? IEAN oa ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee. Aeine?aeaeaii
ci?io iiaeeiaeueii? caeaoiino? ieacie e?ia? c ?icaeoeii
iieiiaoieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue eaaai?a. Iaoiaeeea io?eiaiiy iaoa??aeo
caiaeeeanue aei acyooy e?ia? a ia’?i? 5 ie ?c e?eoaai? aaie aeiii??a.
Ieacio e?ia? io?eioaaee ca aeiiiiiaith oeaio?eooae. Aeey caiia?aaiiy
ieneaaiaoe?? e?ia oo?eioaaee a niaoe?aeueieo i?ia??eao ? aei??thaaiiy
i?iaiaeeee ia i?ci?oa, i?ae ca 1 aiae i?ney acyooy e?ia?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaiiai caaaeaiiy aoei aei??yii iieaciee
iiaeeiaiiy mwmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? @
???&??yyyy??????yyy¦yyy??ae?? ???&? ?MathType??`????u
y??????Iine?eueee oaenoeeuei? iaoa??aee ? oeiiaeie
na?oei?icn?thaaeueieie ia’?eoaie, oi i?e aca?iiae?? na?oeiaiai i?iiaiy
ci?iththoueny ?o niaeo?aeuei? eiao?oe??ioe a?aeaeaaiiy wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy&???@??AE?? ???&?
?MathType??P????u?th??????Ia’?eoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy aoee iaeiaeia? ca
aieieienoei neeaaeii a?aea?eai? iaoo?aeuei? oeaieie iiaeo a?oeeoe?a, ye?
iaea?eueo /anoi aeei?enoiaothoue o oaaeiiio ai?eaieoeoa?: oa?noue,
neioaoe/ia aoeaoaoia aieieii (NAA), eai?ii. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeeenue a iaeano? aeiaaeei oaeeue 380-760 ii ca aeiiiiiaith IEAN.
C?acee a?aea?eaieo oeaiei aeine?aeaeoaaeenue a oaiia?aoo?iiio ?ioa?aae?
175-375 E.

Anoaiiaeaii cia/iee oaiia?aoo?iee aieea ia iioe/i? niaeo?e oaenoeeueieo
oeaiei. Iaa??aaiiy aeeeeea? ci?ie niaeo?aeueieo eiao?oe??io?a
iiaeeiaiiy, ui caeaaeaoue a?ae iaoa??aeo oeaiei, oaiia?aoo?e, a oaeiae
a?ae /ano iaa??aaiiy aeine?aeaeoaaieo c?ace?a. Aeine?aeaeaia
oaiia?aoo?ii-/aniaa caeaaei?noue eiao?oe??ioa iiaeeiaiiy wmetafile8?
??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ``???&??yyyy?????Ayyy&??? ??†?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th???????c aiae?co io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeieeaa?,
ui eiao?oe??io iiaeeiaiiy wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
``???&??yyyy?????Ayyy&??? ??†?? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th??????CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

?acoeueoaoii i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe ?:

1. Ia iniia? e?oa?aoo?iiai iaeyaeo no/anieo oai?aoe/ieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a iioeee na?oei?icn?thaaeueieo na?aaeiaeu
aeacothoueny iniiai? i?iaeaie oa aeooaeuei? caaea/? oe??? aaeoc? iaoee.
Iaa?oioiao?oueny iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaie eiino?oeoe?e iiaeo iioe/ieo
eiii’thoa?ii-aei??thaaeueieo nenoai, oa noai?aiiy iaoiae?a, iaoiaeee
aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iioe/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee, ia?aiao??a iaiaeii??aeieo
ia’?eo?a.

2. C?iaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c no/anieo iaoiae?a ae?aaiinoeee
iieieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue ? iaa?oioiao?oueny iiaeeea?noue
canoinoaaiiy iioiaeaeo?iiiiai iaoiaeo aeey ae?aaiinoeee iieieia?/ieo
a?aeoeeaiue ia ?aii?o noaae?yo ?o ?icaeoeo.

3. ?ic?iaeaii i?eioeeie iiaoaeiae iioe/ii? eiii’thoa?ii-aei??thaaeueii?
nenoaie aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae na?oei?icn?thaaeueieo
iaoa??ae?a a oiiaao aaaaoie?aoiiai ?icn?yiiy. I?aaenoaaeaii noaie
ocaiaeaeaiiy AII ?c aenia?eiaioaeueieie onoaiiaeaie.

4. Aeey cai?iiiiiaaii? IEAN neeaaeai? a?aeiia?aei? iaoiaeeee oa
aeai?eoi aeine?aeaeaiiy ? eiio?ieth iniiaieo iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a
iaiaeii??aeieo na?aaeiaeu. ?ic?iaeai? i?ia?aii? caniae aeey oi?aae?iiy
IEAN oa i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue a aaoiiaoe/iiio
?aaeei?.

5. Iaa?oioiaaii canoinoaaiiy iaoiaeo eiii’thoa?eciaaii? ?ioaa?aeueii?
niaeo?ioioiiao??? aeey i?iaaaeaiiy niaeo?aeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ye
??aeeeo, oae ? ii?ioeiiiae?aieo oa nooe?eueieo ia’?eo?a. I?e oeueiio
i?iyaey?oueny ia?oei?ai?noue, aeniea oi/i?noue, aeni?ani?noue oa
aeinoia??i?noue iaoiaeo.

6. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue niaeo??a iiaeeiaiiy ieacie e?ia?
caei?iai? a iieieia?/iiio ieai? oa iieioai?i? iieaco? ??cieoeth i?ae
ieie ia ?ioa?aae? aeiaaeei oaeeue 500-900 ii. A oeueiio ae?aiacii?
iieaciee iiaeeiaiiy wmetafile8? ??±????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  
???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyya??a?? ???&?
?MathType??`????u?th??????7. Cai?iiiiiaaii niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iee
iaoiae ioe?iee iioe/ieo ? oaieiaeo aeanoeainoae oaenoeeueieo oeaiei.
Anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue oaieio?ce/ieo ia?aiao??a oaenoeeueieo
iaoa??ae?a a?ae ?o iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae. C aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue aeieeaa?, ui eiao?oe??io iiaeeiaiiy wmetafile8?
??‰???????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `????&??yyyy?????Ayyy ???@????? ???&?
?MathType??0????u?th??????8. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iiaoaeiae oa
aeine?aeaeaiiy iioe/iiai cia?aaeaiiy a eiionieo iioe/ieo nenoaiao.
Anoaiiaeaii caeaaei?noue na?oeiaiai iioieo eiionieo iioe/ieo nenoai
a?ae ?o aaiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a oa aeine?aeaeaii na?oeiaa iiea, ui
noai?th?oueny eii?/ieie a?aeaeaa/aie.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
a?aeia?aaeai? o oaeeo i?aoeyo:

1. Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae., Oii/oe I.A., Aa?eooaanueeee A.N., Iao?oe A.A.
Eiii’thoa?ii-aei??thaaeueia nenoaia aeey aea/aiiy iioe/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee na?oei?icn?thaaeueieo na?aaeiaeu // Oi?aaeythuea nenoaiu
e iaoeiu.-1998.-N3.-N.64-68.

2. Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae., Aa?eooaanueeee A.N., Iao?oe A.A. Aeine?aeaeaiiy
o?ainoi?iaoe?? na?oeiaiai iiey eiionieie iioe/ieie nenoaiaie // A?niee
A?iieoeueeiai iie?oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo.-1998.-N2.-N.123-127.

3. Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae. I?ia?aiiiua n?aaenoaa oi?aaeaiey ecia?eoaeueiui
i?ioeannii a iioeea iaiaeii?iaeiuo n?aae // Eeaa?iaoeea e nenoaiiue
aiaeec.-1998.-N3.-C.183-187.

4. Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae., Aa?eooaanueeee A.N., Niie?inueeee ?.N., Oii/oe
I.A. Aiae?c ?iciiae?eo na?oeiaiai iioieo i?e niaeo?ioioiiao?e/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiiyo //Aei??thaaeueia oa ia/enethaaeueia oaoi?ea a
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao.-1997.-N2.-N.47-50.

5. Iaoaio ia aeiao?ae 21114 A Oe?a?ia, IEE G02F1/00, H01S3/10.
I?eno??e aeey ia?aoai?aiiy cia?aaeaiiy / Aa?eooaanueeee A.N., Iao?oe
A.A., Aaneeuee?anueeee ?.A., Oii/oe I.A., Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae (Oe?a?ia);
AAeOO.- N96030919; Cayae.11.03.96; Iioae.04.11.97.-6n.?e.

6. Iaoaio ia aeiao?ae 98020604 Oe?a?ia, IEE G01J 3/00-3/40. Niin?a
ii?ioaaiiy na?oeiaiai iioieo a iaeiii?iiaiaaeo niaeo?ioioiiao?ao/
Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae., Niie?inueeee ?.N., Iao?oe
A.A.,Aa?eooaanueeee A.N., Oii/oe I.A. (Oe?a?ia); AAeOO.- Cayae.4.02.98;
Iioae.04.08.98.-6n.?e.

7. Niieeinueeee ?.N., Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae., Aa?eooaanueeee A.N., Aeyeia
A.A. Aenia?eiaioaeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy niaeo?aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee
na?aaeiaeu a?iiaaee/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy a iaeano? aeiaaeei oaeeue
300-1200 ii // Aei??thaaeueia oa ia/enethaaeueia oaoi?ea a
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao ? eiiaa?n?? ae?iaieoeoaa: Ca.aeii. III
iaoe.-oaoi. eiio.- Oiaeueieoeueeee:OOI.-1995.-N.54.

8. Aa?eooaanueeee A.N., Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae. Iioe/iee iaoiae ia?iaee
cia?aaeaiue //Iao. ??? Anaoe?. eiio. «Ooiaeaiaioaeueia oa i?ioan?eia
i?aeaioiaea oao?aoe?a c o?ceee».-*.1.-Ee?a:EIIO.-1998.-N.185-188.

9. Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae., Niie?inueeee ?.N., Aeyeia A.A. Iao?aaeeoe?eiee
niaeo?ioioiiao?e/iee iaoiae ?aiiuei? aeni?anii? ae?aaiinoeee
iieieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue //Ca.aeii.ca?oii? iaoe.eiio. aeeeaaea/?a oa
nooaeaio?a.-A?iieoey:AAeI?.-1995.-N.49-50.

10. Eioee ?.I., Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae., Niie?inueeee N.?. Aenia?eiaioaeueia
aeine?aeaeaiiy niaeo?aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee aaiaoieia?/ieo na?aaeiaeu
a iaeano? aeiaaeei oaeeue 300-1200 ii // Ca.aeii.ca?oii? iaoe.eiio.
aeeeaaea/?a oa nooaeaio?a.-A?iieoey:AAeI?.-1995.-N.80.

11. Aa?eooaanueeee A.N., Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae., Niie?inueeee ?.N.
Eiii’thoa?eciaaiee niaeo?ioioiiao? aeey aeni?anii? ae?aaiinoeee
iieieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue // Iaoa??aee iaoe eiio. «Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie o?oaeiai? ? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iieiae?».-
A?iieoey:AAeI?.-1997.-N.15-16.

12. Niie?inueeee ?.N., Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae., Iie?uoe I.N. Oai?aoe/aneay
?ac?aaioea acaeiinayce oaieiauo oa?aeoa?enoee ii?enouo iaoa?eaeia n eo
iioe/aneeie ia?aiao?aie // Ecia?eoaeueiay oaoieea a oaoiieiae/aneeo
i?ioeannao e eiiaa?nee i?iecaiaenoa: Na. aeie. iao/.-oaoi. eiio.
no?ai NIA.-Oiaeueieoeeee:OOE.-1992.-N.41-42.

13. Niie?inueeee ?.N., Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae. Aieea no?oeoo?e ii?enoeo
iaoa??ae?a ia ?o iioe/i? ia?aiao?e // Iaoea ?eieia?e aeiiii?oe?:
Ca.aeii. I i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoe.eiio.- A?iieoey:
AAeN?.-1993.-N.197.

14. Niie?inueeee ?.N., Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae., Iie?uoe I.N., Aeyeia
A.A. Oai?aoe/aneea e yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey
iioioaieioece/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee oeaiae // Aei??thaaeueia oa
ia/enethaaeueia oaoi?ea a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao ? eiiaa?n??
ae?iaieoeoaa: Ca.aeii II iaoe.-oaoi.
eiio.-Oiaeueieoeueeee:OO?.-1993.-N.56-57.

15. Aa?eooaanueeee A.N., Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae. Iaoiaeeea iiaoaeiae
cia?aaeaiiy a eiionieo iioe/ieo nenoaiao // Iaoa??aee
I?aeia?.eiio.»Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i? ? iaoiaee/i? canaaee eiino?othaaiiy
ci?noo i?ioan?eii? ina?oe».-*.2.-A?iieoey:AAeIO. -1998.-N.62-65.

AIIOAOe?ss

Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae. Iioiaeaeo?iiiee i?eeaae aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
iioe/ieo aeanoeainoae na?oei?icn?thaaeueieo iaoa??ae?a a oiiaao
aaaaoie?aoiiai ?icn?yiiy.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.11.07 — Iioe/i? i?eeaaee oa
nenoaie.- Iaoe?iiaeueiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao Oe?a?ie «EI?», Ee?a,
1998.

A aeena?oaoe?? ae??oaii iaoeiao i?iaeaio ?ic?iaee iaoiae?a
noai?aiiy noai iioe/ieo eiii’thoa?ii-aei??thaaeueieo nenoai aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy iioe/ieo ia?aiao??a na?oei?icn?thaaeueieo na?aaeiaeu.
Cai?iiiiiaaii iia? iioe/iiaeaeo?iii? noaie oa iaoiaee i?aeaeuaiiy
oi/iino? ?o ?iaioe. ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoie ooieoe?iioaaiiy oeeo
nenoai a aaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei? oa cai?iiiiiaaii ?o i?aeoe/ia
canoinoaaiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iioe/ia nenoaia, niaeo?ioioiiao?,
ae?aaiinoeea, niaeo?, ?ioaa?oth/a noa?a.

AIIIOAOeEss

Neiaiaeyiee A.Ae. Iioiyeaeo?iiiue i?eai? aeey enneaaeiaaiey
iioe/aneeo naienoa naaoi?annaeaathueo iaoa?eaeia a oneiaeyo
iiiaie?aoiiai ?annayiey.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa
oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.11.07 — Iioe/aneea
i?eai?u e nenoaiu.- Iaoeeiiaeueiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao
Oe?aeiu «EIE», Eeaa, 1998.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?aoaia iao/iay i?iaeaia ?ac?aaioee iaoiaeia
nicaeaiey noai iioe/aneeo eiii’thoa?ii-ecia?eoaeueiuo nenoai aeey
enneaaeiaaiey iioe/aneeo ia?aiao?ia naaoi?annaeaathueo n?aae.
I?aaeeiaeaiu iiaua iioeei-yeaeo?iiiua noaiu e iaoiaeu iiauoaiey
oi/iinoe eo ?aaiou. ?ac?aaioaii aeai?eoiu ooieoeeiie?iaaiey yoeo
nenoai a aaoiiaoe/aneii ?aaeeia e i?aaeeiaeaii eo
i?aeoe/aneia i?eiaiaiea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iioe/aneay nenoaia, niaeo?ioioiiao?,
aeeaaiinoeea, niaeo?, eioaa?e?othuay noa?a.

ABSTRACT

Slobodyanik A.D. Optoelectronic device for the research of
optical characteristics of lightdiffracting materials under the
conditions of reiterative diffraction.- Manuscript.

The dissertation for the competition of a scientific degree of
the candidate of engineering science at a speciality 05.11.07 — Optical
devices and systems.- National technical university of Ukraine «KPI»,
Kiyv, 1998.

In the dissertation a scientific problem of the creation methods
of optical-computor measuring system schemes for reflecting
medium optical parameter research is solved. The new circuits and
methods of the accuracy increase monitoring system are offered. These
systems functioning algorithms in the automatic regime and their
practical use are worked out.

Keywords: optical system, spectrephotomeasurer,
diagnostics, spectrum, integrating sphere.

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