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Оптимізація технологічних підходів застосування природних імуномодуляторів в умовах хронічного опромінення телят: Автореф. дис… канд. с.-г. наук / Т

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I?I?NOA?NOAI AA?II?IIENEIAIAI EIIIEAENO OE?A?IE

A?EIOeA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OEA*AIEI OAIA?A IAAE?AIA

OAeE 636.2.035:612.014.48/017]:573.6

IIOEI?CAOe?ss OAOIIEIA?*IEO I?AeOIAe?A

CANOINOAAIIss I?E?IAeIEO ?IOIIIIAeOEssOI??A

A OIIAAO O?II?*IIAI II?II?IAIIss OAEssO

03.00.20 a?ioaoiieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

A?ea Oea?eaa 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o i?iaeaii?e eaai?aoi??? ?ioiieia??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei i?e eaoaae?? ciia?a??ie oa iniia
aaoa?eia??? A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa a
*i?iiaeeuenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaoeiaiio oeaio?? i?aeia?iaeieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e

Aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe
?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??,

I?e?oaiei Aiaoie?e Iaoiae?eiae/,
A?eioea?e?anueeee

aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e ciia?a??ie oa iniia
aaoa?eia???

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e

Iueth-Ei?enueei? aeaaeai?? iaoe,
?ooeyaea

Aaeaioei Aaneeueiae/,
A?eioea?e?anueeee

aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e i?e?ia?ieia??,
a??onieia?? ? ciieia??

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, O?ioeaiei

Ai?en Eaii?aeiae/, ?inoeooo
aaoa?eia?ii?

iaaeeoeeie OAAI, caa?aeoaa/
eaai?aoi???

ia?ioaeoe?eii? iaoieia??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo

oaa?ei c a?io?i??th

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
a?ioaoiieia?? ? ooai?a i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 29 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo

i 15-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae27.821.01 a

A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:

256400, i.A?ea Oea?eaa, Niai?ia ieiua, 8/1, aoae. ___.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? A?eioea?e?anueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 24 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?iciooi?e
I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey aaaeaiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa ia
?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiai?e oa?eoi??? ?ic?iaeai? caaaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
(I?enoa? A.N. oa ?i., 1994). Ie??i ieo, aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue
i?aeaeuaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio oaeyo oa ?icoe?aiiy
aaeaioeaieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio. Iniiaith i?aeaeuaiiy caaaeueii?
?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio aaaaea?oueny noai?aiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, caaacia/aiiy oaa?ei iiaiioe?iiei ?
caaeainiaaiei ?aoe?iiii oa cieaeaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao no?an-oaeoi??a
(Ieyuaiei N.?., Neaei?ia A.O, 1979; Ieothoi?eia A.I., 1985; *oia/aiei
A.TH. oa ?i., 1990; Aiaoaiei A.I., 1994)

Iecuee? aeice ?aae?aoe?? oa ?io? iani?eyoeea? oaeoi?e iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ni?eythoue o?aaeaiith ?ioiii? nenoaie, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iano?eeiai noaio i?aai?cio ? ?icaeoeo eiiieaeno ianiaoeeo?/ieo ?aaeoe?e.
Aiane?aeie ae?? ciai?oiueiai oa aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy a i?aai?ci?
oaa?ei aeieeathoue ci?ie, ye? a ia?oo /a?ao iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia
ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo i?aai?a ? ee?oei
(Eeaiia?neay I. I. oa ?i., 1969; Iaeueoeaa A. I., 1983; Eiae
Aeae., 1986; Ee?oei A.A., Aoaea?eia A.A., 1990; Na?eec ss.E. oa ?i.,
1992). Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? aea/aiiy a?ieia?/ii? ae?? ?ii?coth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia ?ioiio nenoaio oaa?ei oa iiooe oeyo?a ?? ei?aeoe??
(Ea?iooue E.I., 1993; *oia/aiei A.TH., 1997; I?e?oaiei A.I. oa ?i.,
1996).

Ia aeoieo aeayeeo o/aieo, ye? caeiathoueny ?ic?iaeith i?aia?ao?a ?c
?aae?icaoenieie aeanoeainoyie, i?e o?eaaeiio ii?ii?iaii?, ii?yae ?c
canoinoaaiiyi ?aae?ii?ioaeoi??a, aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue i?io?eaeoeee
iiaeeeaeo iane?aee?a ca aeiiiiiaith aioeno?aniaeo cania?a i?e?iaeiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy (Aa?aaie A.A., 1991; *aeea E.A., Aeaetheiaa A.A., O?aieaeue
E.A., 1993).

O iaaeeoeei? i?iaiaeeoueny anaa?/ia aea/aiiy ?ie? oeiona oa eiai
oaeoi??a o caoeno? i?aai?cio a?ae ae?? ?aae?aoe??. Ia iniia? aiae?co
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i
ia?niaeoeai?noue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy i?aia?ao?a aeei/eiai? caeice ye
iiai? oa?iaeieia?/ii? a?oie ?aae?ii?ioaeoi?ieo cania?a (*i?ia ?.A. oa
?i., 1994; Aa?aaie A.A., sseeoo N.?., 1992; Baraboy V.A. oa ?i., 1994;
Eenyiee I., 1998).

Aeuacaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae iineoaeeee iniiaith aeey aeai?o
aeaiiai iai?yio iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
i?iaiaeeeanue o ?aieao Eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
*i?iiaeeuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai oeaio?o i?aeia?iaeieo
aeine?aeaeaiue I?i?noa?noaa Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao caoenoo ianaeaiiy a?ae
iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN, ca?aeii ?icae?eo 2
(i?ae?icae?ee 2.2.3. oa 2.2.4).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iioei?coaaoe oaoiieia?th canoinoaaiiy
i?e?iaeieo ?ioiiiiaeoethth/eo i?aia?ao?a aiiioeio ? EAO? c iaoith
i?aeaeuaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio iieiaeiyeo aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae i?e eiai ae?iuoaaii? a oiiaao iino?eii? ae?? ?ii?coth/eo
aei?ii?ithaaiue.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei aeeiiaoe ianooii?
caaaeaiiy:

aea/eoe noai ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae i?e ?? ae?iuoaaii? a oiiaao o?ii?/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy;

aecia/eoe iioeiaeuei? aeice oa ?aaeeie canoinoaaiiy aiiioeio ? EAO?;

aea/eoe aieea ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi??a ia aaiaoieia?/i? oa ?ioiia?ieia?/i?
iieacieee i?aai?cio oaeyo;

i?iaanoe aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?io ioe?ieo i?iaeoeo?a caaith oaa?ei;

aecia/eoe ??aaiue caa?oaeiaiino? ?aae?iioee?aeaie oeaiei ? i?aai?a
iieiae-iyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae;

i?iaanoe a?noieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy c?ace?a i?aai?a ? oeaiei oaa?ei;

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiaaaeaii, ui canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a aiiioei ? EAO? iieiaeiyeo
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith eiai i?iaeoeoeaiino?;
?ic?iaeaii iioeiaeuei? aeice oa ?aaeeie canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a aeey
oaeyo i?e ?o ae?iuoaaii? a oiiaao o?ii?/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy, a oaeiae
oaoiieia?th ?o canoinoaaiiy c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ii?
?acenoaioiino? oaeyo.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiiaiththoue no/ani? oyaeaiiy i?i aieea aeiaaio?eaaei?
ae?? ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue ia i?aai?ci oaeyo. Aeiaaaeaii aieea
i?aia?ao?a ia oi?ioaaiiy ?ioiii? nenoaie oaeyo oa ?o i?iaeoeoeai?
yeino?.

Aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?ao?a aiiioei ? EAO? ia an?o oaoiieia?/ieo aoaiao
ae?iuoaaiiy aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ni?ey? ii?iae?caoe?? ooieoe?e
?ioiii? nenoaie i?aai?cio oaeyo, i?aeaeuo? ?o no?ee?noue aei
caoai?thaaiue.

Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeai?
oa aeaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ei?aeoe?? ?ioiii? nenoaie iieiaeiyeo
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae oa aeei?enoaiith i?aia?aoo EAO? o aaoa?eia?i?e
iaaeeoeei?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
eaoaae?ith ciia?a??ie oa iniia aaoa?eia??? AAeAO i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
cii?iaeaia??a oa e?ea??a aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi aai i?e eiai
aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?o
aiae?c oa oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia: iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“A/ai? AOeAeNA? ae?iaieoeoao” (i.A?ea Oea?eaa, 1994); 7-?e
I?aeaea?aeaai?e i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai – i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “
Iiaua oa?iaeieiae/aneea n?aaenoaa a aaoa?eia?ee” (Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a,
1995); I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? c ieoaiue a?a??ie oaa?ei (Euea?a,1995);
V-?e I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eoiae 10 eao ?aaio ii
eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN” ( Cae?iue Iun,
1996); i?aenoieia?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Iaoea,*i?iiaeeue-96” (Ee?a, 1997); I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, cii?iaeaia??? oa
oaoiieia?e i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa” (Euea?a,1997); i?aenoieia?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoea,*i?iiaeeue-97” (Ee?a,1998); a
oaeiae ia ui??/ieo ca?oieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo AAeAO (1995-1998?.?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 12 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, o oiio /ene? 3 noaoo?, 2 ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? oa 7 ioae?eaoe?e o
iaoa??aeao ? oacao eiioa?aioe?e.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 130 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 28 oaaeeoeue, 26 ?enoie?a ? neeaaea?oueny
c oaeeo ?icae?e?a: anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao oa nienea
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e ia?aoiao? 258 aeaea?ae, c yeeo
46 ?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e

A iaeyae? e?oa?aoo?e iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i ?acenoaioi?noue i?aai?cio
oaa?ei oa aena?oeaii aieea oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, o oiio
/ene? ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ia ?? oi?ioaaiiy. ?ice?eoi oaeiae
?ieue a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei o oi?ioaaii? i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino?
oa ei?aeoe?? ooieoe?e ?ioiii? nenoaie i?aai?cio, a?aeia?aaeai? iniiai?
iai?yie oa?iaeieia?/iiai caoenoo a?ae aieeao ?ii?coth/eo
aei?ii?ithaaiue. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo iaa?oioiaai?
aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia i?ioyc? 19931998 ??. a
oiiaao Ia’?aeiaiiai aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ( IAeA ) “Eoiiaaoa”,
?icoaoiaaiiai ia oa?eoi??? 30-ei ciie *i?iiaeeuenueei? AAN.
?aae?iaeieia?/ia neooaoe?y ia oa?eoi??? IAeA “Eoiiaaoa”
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny caa?oaeiaiinoth a?oio?a ia iieyo, aea ae?iuothoueny
ca?iia? oa ei?iia? eoeueoo?e a?ae 52 aei 98 Ae/ea ii 134Cs oa a?ae
0,7o103 aei 1,3o103 Ae/ea ii 137Cs. Eiioeaio?aoe?y ?aae?ioeac?th a n?i?
eieeaaeany a?ae 1o103 aei 18o103 Ae/ea. ??aaiue 137Cs o c?aceao
eiia?ei?io ia ia?aaeuoaaa 0,65o103 Ae/ea. Oaeyoa a ainiiaea?noa?
oo?eiothoueny ia i?aenin?. ??aaiue caa?oaeiaiino? iieiea a na?aaeiueiio
noaiiaea 0,36o103 Ae/e ii 137Cs oa 40 Ae/e ii 134Cs.

O ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaee i?aia?aoe aiiioei ? EAO?, ?ic?iaeai?
ni?a?ia?oieeaie eaoaae?e ciia?a??ie oa iniia aaoa?eia??? i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii ae-?a aao. iaoe, i?ioani?a, ae?eniiai /eaia Aeaaeai??
aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe?? A.I. I?e?oaiea.

I?aia?ao aiiioei – oea eiiieaen iie?iaioeaeieo o?aeoe?e, aeae?eaieo ?c
aeei/eiai? caeice (oeiona) aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, a i?aia?ao EAO?
(eiiieaen aeoeaoth/eo oaeoi??a ?ioi?oaoo) ? aaca?eeiaei o?c?ieia?/ii
caaeainiaaiei iaai?ii aoii?aeueieo oaeoi??a, aeae?eaieo ?c e?ioi?aeii?
oeaieie oaa?ei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae
/i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee a?eii a?ae 12-15 aei?a aei 10 i?n. Ca i?eioeeiii
aiaeia?a (ii?iaea, a?e, noaoue, aeeaa iana, o?c?ieia?/iee noai)
oi?ioaaee aeine?aei? a?oie ii 5 oaa?ei o eiaei?e (oaae.1.).

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo aeine?ae?a c

aea/aiiy aieeao ??cieo ?aaeei?a canoinoaaiiy

?ioiiiiaeoethth/eo i?aia?ao?a

A?oie

oaa?eiIacaa

i?aia?aooAeica

ie/eaE?aoi?noue

aaaaeaiiy?ioa?aae i?ae

aaaaeaiiyieAeine?aeia 1 EAO? 0,015 iaeii?aciaiAeine?aeia 2 EAO?
0,015 aeai?aciai 14 aei?aAeine?aeia 3 EAO? 0,015 o?e?aciai
14 aei?aEiio?ieueia 1 ?cioii?/iee

?ic/ei NaCl 0,015 aeai?aciai 14 aei?a Aeine?aeia 4 aiiioei 0,03
iaeii?aciai Aeine?aeia 5 aiiioei 0,03 aeai?aciai 14 aei?a
Aeine?aeia 6 aiiioei 0,03 o?e?aciai 14 aei?aEiio?ieueia
2?cioii?/iee ?ic/ei NaCl 0,03 aeai?aciai 14 aei?aAeey
aeine?aeaeaiue a?ae oaa?ei aeine?aeieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi a?aeae?aee
ia?eoa?e/io e?ia ? aiooaaee ne?iaaoeo e?ia?, a oaeiae i?iae i’yciai?
oeaieie oa aioo??oi?o i?aai?a (na?oea, eaaai?, ia/?iea, naeac?iea,
ie?ee, aeei/eiaa caeica, e?ioaoe/i? aocee).

E?ia o oaeyo a?aee ?c y?aiii? aaie a?aioe? aei aiae?ae? e iaeii/anii
i?iaiaeeee ee?i?/iee iaeyae oaa?ei. Aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? i?iaiaeeee aei
aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a, a oaeiae ia 34-e, 55-e, 136-e oa 163-e aei?
i?ney.

I?e aeeiiaii? ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaee oae? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue:

aaiaoieia?/i?: o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? oaa?ei aecia/aee ai?no aaiiaeia?io,
e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a, aaiaoie?eo, aaniethoio ? a?aeiinio
e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a oa ioe?ithaaee ii?oieia?/iee neeaae ee?oei a?ei?
e?ia? (Eoae?yaoeaa A.A., Eoae?yaoeaaa E.A., 1984);

?ioiieia?/i?: e?euee?noue O-e?ioioeeo?a oa ?o noaiiioeyoe?e aecia/aee
iaoiaeii Gondall ?c ni?aaao. (1972) o iiaeeo?eaoe?? Iiaeeiaa Ae.E.,
Iiaeeiai? A.?. (1976) , e?euee?noue A-ee?oei – iaoiaeii N. Aianco et
al, 1970.

Ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei aecia/aee ca ?o
caeaoi?noth i?e?aeioaaoe iaaio e?euee?noue ?iaeeeaoi?ieo a?eo?ioeeo?a.
Caeaaeii a?ae e?eueeino? i?e?aeiaieo a?eo?ioeeo?a, eiaeio iiioeyoe?th
?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei ?icae?eyee ia o?e noaiiioeyoe??:

iecueeiaaeaei? e?ioioeeoe, ye? i?e?aeiaee 3-4 a?eo?ioeeoe;

na?aaeiueiaaeaei? e?ioioeeoe, ye? i?e?aeiaee 5-9 a?eo?ioeeo?a;

aenieiaaeaei? e?ioioeeoe, ye? i?e?aeiaee 10 ? a?eueoa a?eo?ioeeo?a.

Oeo? aaoa?iaaiaaaethoei?i?a aecia/aee iaoiaeii Oeooa (1985);

ciioaoi?/i?: aea/aee oiiae oa oaoiieia?th oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei, ??aaiue ?
iiaiioe?ii?noue aiae?ae?, caa?aaeai?noue iiaie?a’y oa na?aaeiueiaeiaia?
i?e?inoe aeeai? iane oaa?ei;

ciia?a??i?/i?: aei??thaaee ia?aiao?e i?e?iee?iaoo a i?ei?uaiiyo aeey
oaa?ei ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie (Aeniein I.I., 1990).

Aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?io aenia?oeco oaa?ei i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith
ca?aeii “I?aaee aaoa?eia?iiai iaeyaeo ? aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii?
aenia?oece i’yna ? i’ynii?iaeoeo?a” (1988?.) aaciina?aaeiuei a caa?eiiio
oeaoo, aeei?enoiaoth/e i?aaiieaioe/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue.

O?ceei-o?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i’yna oaa?ei i?iaiaeeee i?ney eiai
o?ueioaeiaiaiai aeic??aaiiy. O?i?/iee neeaae ? eaei??ei?noue i’yna
aecia/aee ?ic?aooieiaei oeyoii, a eiioeaio?aoe?th aiaeiaaeo ?ii?a – ia
iioaioe?iiao?? EIO-01.

Oiene/i?noue oa a?aeiinio a?ieia?/io oe?ii?noue i’yna caa?eieo oaa?ei
aecia/aee aeni?an- iaoiaeii, iniiaaiei ia iin?a? eaai?aoi?ii? eoeueoo?e
Oao?ao?iaia i??eoi?i?n o oeaeiie c aeine?aeaeoaaieie i?iaaie i’yna
(1988).

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy a?noieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeae?aee oiaoi/ee oeaiei
? i?aai?a c aeio?eiaiiyi caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiaeee. Ii?oiiao?e/io
ioe?ieo i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith ieoey?-i?e?iiao?a ca A.O. Eenaeueiaith
? ni?aaao., (1983). I?e?ioioia?ao?? io?eioaaee ca aeiiiiiaith
oioii?enoaaee OI-3.

I?iae aeey ?aae?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeae?aee a?aeiia?aeii aei
caaaeueieo aeiia acyooy iaoa??aeo, caa?oaeiaiiai ?aae?iioee?aeaie,
aeio?eioth/enue i?aaee iniaenoi? aaciaee. Aaiia-oii o i?ei?uaiiyo, aea
oo?eioaaeenue i?aeaeine?aei? oaa?eie, ia aeaoeueieo iaeaeai/eeao ? ia
ianiaeuao aecia/aee aeiceiao?ii-N?I-68-01. ?aae?iiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeee ia aaiia-niaeo?iiao?e/iiio iaeaaeiaii? “Canberra” ?
“Guantulus”, a oaeiae ia ?aae?iiao?e/iiio e?/eeueieeo “NII?ENAIIA”.

A?iiao?e/io ia?iaeo ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a i?iaiaeeee ia
i?ia?aiiaaieo i?e?i-AII “Aeaeo?ii?ea-IE-61” c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a
aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee (Ieio?inueeee I.A.,1969; ?ieeoeueeee I.O.,1973;
Nieieia ?.Ae, 1987; Eae?i A.O.,1990).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

Aecia/aiiy aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ? noaio caaaeueii? ?acenoaioiino?
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy

?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo aaiaoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (oaae.2) na?ae/aoue
i?i oa, ui a ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? oaeyo ? ei??a niinoa??aa?oueny
cieaeaiiy ai?noo a?eo?ioeeo?a oa ?o iane/ai?noue aaiiaeia?iii.

Oaaeeoey 2

Aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee e?ia? oaa?ei

Iieacieee Iaeeieoe?

aei??o Ei?iae OaeyoaAi?no aaiiaeia?io a/e 79.00
3.16 86.60 2.99Aaiaoie?eoia aaee/eia % 30.58 1.45 34.00
1.31 E?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a 1012/e 4.40 0.31 5.16
0.29E?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a 109/e 6.52 0.74 6.36
0.54Iaee/eiyaea?i?

iaeo?io?ee % 11.00 1.54 13.40 0.94Naaiaioiyaea?i?

iaeo?io?ee % 9.80 0.85 15.00 0.89Aiceiio?ee %
9.80 1.15 4.40 3.41Iiiioeeoe % 0.80 0.20 3.80
0.63E?ioioeeoe % 58.60 2.00 59.40 4.01Aoeiia? ee?oeie
% 10.00 1.26 4.00 0.83 Ae?aaeai? ci?ie aeyaeai? oaeiae o
ii?oieia?/ieo no?oeoo?ao ee?oei e?ia?. Oeeoiii?oieia?/i? aiiiae?? a
a?eo?ioeeoao oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue iayai?noth ci?iaieo iaoieia?/ieo oi?i
(c??/ano?, oeiiaeaei?, /aoeiiiae?ai?, noa?e/i? a?eo?ioeeoe) aiane?aeie
ci?i o iaia?aiao a?eo?ioeeo?a. Iayai?noue aiiiaeueieo oi?i a?eo?ioeeo?a
?icoe?ith?oueny ye iciaea a?iio?iiii? oi?ie aiai??, a iiyaa oeiiaeaeieo
? noa?e/ieo oi?i a?eo?ioeeo?a na?ae/eoue i?i i?enei?aiiy i?ioeano
noa??iiy a?eo?ioeeo?a o e?ia’yiiio ?one? ( Iyao A.?. ?c ni?aaao., 1992).
Ioaea, ci?ie ea?oeie /a?aiii? e?ia? aeacothoue ia ii?ooaiiy ooieoe??
a?eo?iiiaco a i?aai?ci? oaa?ei.

A?eueo nooo?a? ci?ie aeyaeai? a e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a, ni?aa?aeiioaii?
ie?aieo aeae?a oa a ?o a?noino?oeoo?ao. Aei noaa?eueieo ci?i, ui
niinoa??aaee a eiaei?e na??? aeine?ae?a iaeaaeaoue: aaniethoia ?
a?aeiinia aiceiio?e?y oa iayai?noue iaoieia?/ieo ee?oei aiane?aeie
?aae?aoe?eieo iioeiaeaeaiue (a?aaionuee? a?ia?naaiaioiaai? iaeo?io?ee,
o?aaiaioaoe?y yaea?, aeeth/aiiy yaea?ii? ?a/iaeie o oeeoiieacio, aeaio-
oa iie?ii?oiiyaea?i? e?ioioeeoe).

Cia/ia ?ieue o i?aeo?eioe? noaeino? i?aai?cio iaeaaeeoue oee?eoethth/ei
o e?ia? O- ? A- e?ioioeeoai, ui aa?ooue o/anoue o oi?ioaaii?
niaoeeo?/iiai ?ioi?oaoo.

Ca aeaieie iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aeiinia e?euee?noue O–e?ioioeeo?a ?
?o noaiiioeyoe?e aoea ii??aiyii iaaenieith. Aea/aiiy ?o ooieoe?iiaeueii?
aeoeaiino? iieacaei iecueeo aeni?an?th ?aoeaioi?iiai aia?aoo
ieaciaoe/ieo iaia?ai ee?oei, ine?eueee i?aaenoaaeai? aiie aoee, aieiaiei
/eiii, iecueeiaaeaeieie ? na?aaeiueiaaeaeieie e?ioioeeoaie. A?aeiinia
e?euee?noue A–e?ioioeeo?a aoea a iaaeao o?c?ieia?/ieo ii?i, iaeiae
?ioaineai?noue niiioaiiiai ?icaoeiooai?aiiy o e?ioioeeo?a aoea
iecueeith. Anoaiiaeaii oaeiae aenieee ai?no ioeueiaeo ee?oei. Ana oea
na?ae/eoue i?i iecueeo ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo
ee?oei.

I?i aenieee nooi?iue ae?? ?aae?aoe?eiiai aieeao ia aiiainoac i?aai?cio
oa ?ioiio nenoaio, cie?aia, na?ae/aoue ? ?acoeueoaoe a?noieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeyaeai? iciaee aeoeeaeaioaeueii? ?iaiethoe?? o oeaiei?
oeiona, ye? i?iyaeyeenue aeniaaeaiiyi ?? e?ioi?aeieie ee?oeiaie,
?icaeoeii o ieo iciae aeeno?io??, iaeiie/aiiyi ai?oae?aeueieo o?eaoeue
Aannaey aeeno?io?/ii-aeaaaia?aoeaii? i?e?iaee. Ii?ooaiiy a e?ioaoe/ieo
aoceao a?aeia?aaeathoue noai no?oeoo?ii? aeaci?aai?caoe?? i?aai?a
?ioiiaaiaco. ?acii c aeyaeaieie ci?iaie o aeei/eia?e caeic? ? naeac?ioe?
aiie oa?aeoa?ecothoue no?oeoo?iee aacen ?ioiinoi?aneaiiai noaio oaa?ei.

Aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo aeic oa ?aaeei?a canoinoaaiiy aiiioeio ? EAO?

C iaoith noaa?e?caoe?? aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a oa ?ioiii? nenoaie ?
i?aeo?eiee aiiainoaco iaie aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii c’ynoaaiith
ae?? i?aia?ao?a oeiona aiiioeio ? EAO? ia i?aai?ci oaeyo. Iioeiaeuei?
aeice oa ?aaeeie aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a aoee anoaiiaeai?
aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii. I?e oeueiio a?aoiaoaaee caa?aaeai?noue oaeyo
oa na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe aeeai? iane, a oaeiae aieea i?aia?ao?a
ia aaiaoieia?/i? oa ?ioiieia?/i? iieacieee.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui iaeneiaeueiee na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee
i?e??no aeeai? iane aoa o oaa?ei, yeei aaiaeeee aiiioei o aeic? 0,03
ie/ea oa i?ney aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo EAO? o aeic? 0,015 ie/ea.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy c aecia/aiiy aieeao e?aoiino? aaaaeaiiy
i?aia?ao?a oa ?ioa?aae?a i?ae ieie (/a?ac 7; 14; 21 oa 28 aei?a)
na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui aeai?aciaa ia?iaea oaa?ei ni?eyea ca?eueoaiith
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a aeeai? iane oaa?ei ia 9 16% i?e ia?iaoe?
aiiioeiii oa ia 7 13% i?e canoinoaaii? EAO?. Iaeneiaeueia
ca?eueoaiiy na?aaeiuei- aeiaiaiai i?e?inoo aeeai? iane oaa?ei
niinoa??aaeiny i?e aeai?aciaiio aaaaeaii? aiiioeio oa EAO? c ?ioa?aaeii
14 aei?a o aeicao 0,03 ie/ea oa 0,015 ie/ea.

Aieea ??cieo ?aaeei?a canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a aiiioei ? EAO? ia

aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee i?aai?cio oaeyo

Aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? oaeyo, iaea?aeai? i?ney iaeii?aciaiai aaaaeaiiy
i?aia?aoo aiiioei o aeic? 0,03 ie/ea, iieacaee, ui ia 34-o aeiao
aeine?aeaeaiue niinoa??aaeiny i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo aaiiaeia?io ia 6%,
aaiaoie?eoii? aaee/eie – ia 6,5% oa e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a – ia 10,3%,
ii??aiyii c aiaeia?/ieie iieacieeaie oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie.
Aaniethoia e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a c?inea iaeii/anii o oaa?ei iaio a?oi.

Ia 55-o aeiao aeine?aeaeaiue o aeine?aei?e a?oi? oaa?ei niinoa??aaeiny
iaaeeaeaiiy aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a aei ?o ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy, o oie
/an ye iieacieee oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie caeeoaeeny cieaeaieie, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i i?eai?/aiiy a?eo?iiiaco.

I?ney iaeii?aciaiai aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo EAO? o aeic? 0,015 ie/ea
niinoa??aaee ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia?
ia 22,9% (?

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