2

I?I?NOA?NOAI AA?II?IIENEIAIAI EIIIEAENO OE?A?IE

A?EIOeA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE AA?A?IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OEA*AIEI OAIA?A IAAE?AIA

OAeE 636.2.035:612.014.48/017]:573.6

IIOEI?CAOe?ss OAOIIEIA?*IEO I?AeOIAe?A

CANOINOAAIIss I?E?IAeIEO ?IOIIIIAeOEssOI??A

A OIIAAO O?II?*IIAI II?II?IAIIss OAEssO

03.00.20 a?ioaoiieia?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

A?ea Oea?eaa 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o i?iaeaii?e eaai?aoi??? ?ioiieia??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo oaa?ei i?e eaoaae?? ciia?a??ie oa iniia
aaoa?eia??? A?eioea?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo oa a
*i?iiaeeuenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaoeiaiio oeaio?? i?aeia?iaeieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e

Aeaaeai?? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe
?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe??,

I?e?oaiei Aiaoie?e Iaoiae?eiae/,
A?eioea?e?anueeee

aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e ciia?a??ie oa iniia
aaoa?eia???

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaaeai?e

Iueth-Ei?enueei? aeaaeai?? iaoe,
?ooeyaea

Aaeaioei Aaneeueiae/,
A?eioea?e?anueeee

aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/

eaoaae?e i?e?ia?ieia??,
a??onieia?? ? ciieia??

eaiaeeaeao a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, O?ioeaiei

Ai?en Eaii?aeiae/, ?inoeooo
aaoa?eia?ii?

iaaeeoeeie OAAI, caa?aeoaa/
eaai?aoi???

ia?ioaeoe?eii? iaoieia??
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo

oaa?ei c a?io?i??th

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo
a?ioaoiieia?? ? ooai?a i?e?ii?aai?ci?a, i. Ee?a

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 29 ” /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo

i 15-00 aiae. ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae27.821.01 a

A?eioea?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aa?a?iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith:

256400, i.A?ea Oea?eaa, Niai?ia ieiua, 8/1, aoae. ___.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? A?eioea?e?anueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 24 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?iciooi?e
I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeey aaaeaiiy oaa?eiieoeoaa ia
?aae?iaeoeaii caa?oaeiai?e oa?eoi??? ?ic?iaeai? caaaeuei? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
(I?enoa? A.N. oa ?i., 1994). Ie??i ieo, aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue
i?aeaeuaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio oaeyo oa ?icoe?aiiy
aaeaioeaieo iiaeeeainoae i?aai?cio. Iniiaith i?aeaeuaiiy caaaeueii?
?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio aaaaea?oueny noai?aiiy iioeiaeueieo oiia
iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, caaacia/aiiy oaa?ei iiaiioe?iiei ?
caaeainiaaiei ?aoe?iiii oa cieaeaiiy iaaaoeaiiai aieeao no?an-oaeoi??a
(Ieyuaiei N.?., Neaei?ia A.O, 1979; Ieothoi?eia A.I., 1985; *oia/aiei
A.TH. oa ?i., 1990; Aiaoaiei A.I., 1994)

Iecuee? aeice ?aae?aoe?? oa ?io? iani?eyoeea? oaeoi?e iaaeieeoiueiai
na?aaeiaeua ni?eythoue o?aaeaiith ?ioiii? nenoaie, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei
iano?eeiai noaio i?aai?cio ? ?icaeoeo eiiieaeno ianiaoeeo?/ieo ?aaeoe?e.
Aiane?aeie ae?? ciai?oiueiai oa aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy a i?aai?ci?
oaa?ei aeieeathoue ci?ie, ye? a ia?oo /a?ao iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia
ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo i?aai?a ? ee?oei
(Eeaiia?neay I. I. oa ?i., 1969; Iaeueoeaa A. I., 1983; Eiae
Aeae., 1986; Ee?oei A.A., Aoaea?eia A.A., 1990; Na?eec ss.E. oa ?i.,
1992). Aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? aea/aiiy a?ieia?/ii? ae?? ?ii?coth/iai
aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia ?ioiio nenoaio oaa?ei oa iiooe oeyo?a ?? ei?aeoe??
(Ea?iooue E.I., 1993; *oia/aiei A.TH., 1997; I?e?oaiei A.I. oa ?i.,
1996).

Ia aeoieo aeayeeo o/aieo, ye? caeiathoueny ?ic?iaeith i?aia?ao?a ?c
?aae?icaoenieie aeanoeainoyie, i?e o?eaaeiio ii?ii?iaii?, ii?yae ?c
canoinoaaiiyi ?aae?ii?ioaeoi??a, aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue i?io?eaeoeee
iiaeeeaeo iane?aee?a ca aeiiiiiaith aioeno?aniaeo cania?a i?e?iaeiiai
iioiaeaeaiiy (Aa?aaie A.A., 1991; *aeea E.A., Aeaetheiaa A.A., O?aieaeue
E.A., 1993).

O iaaeeoeei? i?iaiaeeoueny anaa?/ia aea/aiiy ?ie? oeiona oa eiai
oaeoi??a o caoeno? i?aai?cio a?ae ae?? ?aae?aoe??. Ia iniia? aiae?co
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue c?iaeaii aeniiaie i?i
ia?niaeoeai?noue iiaeaeueoiai aea/aiiy i?aia?ao?a aeei/eiai? caeice ye
iiai? oa?iaeieia?/ii? a?oie ?aae?ii?ioaeoi?ieo cania?a (*i?ia ?.A. oa
?i., 1994; Aa?aaie A.A., sseeoo N.?., 1992; Baraboy V.A. oa ?i., 1994;
Eenyiee I., 1998).

Aeuacaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae iineoaeeee iniiaith aeey aeai?o
aeaiiai iai?yio iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
i?iaiaeeeanue o ?aieao Eiiieaenii? i?ia?aie iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
*i?iiaeeuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai oeaio?o i?aeia?iaeieo
aeine?aeaeaiue I?i?noa?noaa Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao caoenoo ianaeaiiy a?ae
iane?aee?a aaa??? ia *i?iiaeeuenuee?e AAN, ca?aeii ?icae?eo 2
(i?ae?icae?ee 2.2.3. oa 2.2.4).

Iaoa oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iioei?coaaoe oaoiieia?th canoinoaaiiy
i?e?iaeieo ?ioiiiiaeoethth/eo i?aia?ao?a aiiioeio ? EAO? c iaoith
i?aeaeuaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio iieiaeiyeo aaeeei?
?iaaoi? ooaeiae i?e eiai ae?iuoaaii? a oiiaao iino?eii? ae?? ?ii?coth/eo
aei?ii?ithaaiue.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei aeeiiaoe ianooii?
caaaeaiiy:

aea/eoe noai ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio aaeeei? ?iaaoi?
ooaeiae i?e ?? ae?iuoaaii? a oiiaao o?ii?/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy;

aecia/eoe iioeiaeuei? aeice oa ?aaeeie canoinoaaiiy aiiioeio ? EAO?;

aea/eoe aieea ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi??a ia aaiaoieia?/i? oa ?ioiia?ieia?/i?
iieacieee i?aai?cio oaeyo;

i?iaanoe aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?io ioe?ieo i?iaeoeo?a caaith oaa?ei;

aecia/eoe ??aaiue caa?oaeiaiino? ?aae?iioee?aeaie oeaiei ? i?aai?a
iieiae-iyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae;

i?iaanoe a?noieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy c?ace?a i?aai?a ? oeaiei oaa?ei;

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe. O ?acoeueoao? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiaaaeaii, ui canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a aiiioei ? EAO? iieiaeiyeo
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith eiai i?iaeoeoeaiino?;
?ic?iaeaii iioeiaeuei? aeice oa ?aaeeie canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a aeey
oaeyo i?e ?o ae?iuoaaii? a oiiaao o?ii?/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy, a oaeiae
oaoiieia?th ?o canoinoaaiiy c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ii?
?acenoaioiino? oaeyo.

Oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiiaiththoue no/ani? oyaeaiiy i?i aieea aeiaaio?eaaei?
ae?? ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue ia i?aai?ci oaeyo. Aeiaaaeaii aieea
i?aia?ao?a ia oi?ioaaiiy ?ioiii? nenoaie oaeyo oa ?o i?iaeoeoeai?
yeino?.

Aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?ao?a aiiioei ? EAO? ia an?o oaoiieia?/ieo aoaiao
ae?iuoaaiiy aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ni?ey? ii?iae?caoe?? ooieoe?e
?ioiii? nenoaie i?aai?cio oaeyo, i?aeaeuo? ?o no?ee?noue aei
caoai?thaaiue.

Ia iniia? iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeai?
oa aeaeai? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ei?aeoe?? ?ioiii? nenoaie iieiaeiyeo
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae oa aeei?enoaiith i?aia?aoo EAO? o aaoa?eia?i?e
iaaeeoeei?.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeei?enoiaothoueny a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
eaoaae?ith ciia?a??ie oa iniia aaoa?eia??? AAeAO i?e i?aeaioiaoe?
cii?iaeaia??a oa e?ea??a aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ii iniaenoi aai i?e eiai
aaciina?aaei?e o/ano? i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?o
aiae?c oa oai?aoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Iaoa??aee ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia: iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“A/ai? AOeAeNA? ae?iaieoeoao” (i.A?ea Oea?eaa, 1994); 7-?e
I?aeaea?aeaai?e i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai — i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “
Iiaua oa?iaeieiae/aneea n?aaenoaa a aaoa?eia?ee” (Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a,
1995); I?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi? c ieoaiue a?a??ie oaa?ei (Euea?a,1995);
V-?e I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Eoiae 10 eao ?aaio ii
eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *a?iiaueueneie AYN” ( Cae?iue Iun,
1996); i?aenoieia?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
“Iaoea,*i?iiaeeue-96” (Ee?a, 1997); I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “No/ani? i?iaeaie aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, cii?iaeaia??? oa
oaoiieia?e i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa” (Euea?a,1997); i?aenoieia?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoea,*i?iiaeeue-97” (Ee?a,1998); a
oaeiae ia ui??/ieo ca?oieo iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo AAeAO (1995-1998?.?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 12 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, o oiio /ene? 3 noaoo?, 2 ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? oa 7 ioae?eaoe?e o
iaoa??aeao ? oacao eiioa?aioe?e.

Ianya ? no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 130 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 28 oaaeeoeue, 26 ?enoie?a ? neeaaea?oueny
c oaeeo ?icae?e?a: anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iaoa??ae?a ? iaoiaeeee
aeine?aeaeaiue, ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, i?iiiceoe?e ae?iaieoeoao oa nienea
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae. Nienie e?oa?aoo?e ia?aoiao? 258 aeaea?ae, c yeeo
46 ?iicaiieo aaoi??a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e

A iaeyae? e?oa?aoo?e iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i ?acenoaioi?noue i?aai?cio
oaa?ei oa aena?oeaii aieea oaeoi??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, o oiio
/ene? ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ia ?? oi?ioaaiiy. ?ice?eoi oaeiae
?ieue a?ieia?/ii aeoeaieo ?a/iaei o oi?ioaaii? i?e?iaeii? ?acenoaioiino?
oa ei?aeoe?? ooieoe?e ?ioiii? nenoaie i?aai?cio, a?aeia?aaeai? iniiai?
iai?yie oa?iaeieia?/iiai caoenoo a?ae aieeao ?ii?coth/eo
aei?ii?ithaaiue. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaieo iaa?oioiaai?
aeooaeuei?noue oaie, iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iaoa??aee ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ia i?ioyc? 19931998 ??. a
oiiaao Ia’?aeiaiiai aeine?aeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ( IAeA ) “Eoiiaaoa”,
?icoaoiaaiiai ia oa?eoi??? 30-ei ciie *i?iiaeeuenueei? AAN.
?aae?iaeieia?/ia neooaoe?y ia oa?eoi??? IAeA “Eoiiaaoa”
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny caa?oaeiaiinoth a?oio?a ia iieyo, aea ae?iuothoueny
ca?iia? oa ei?iia? eoeueoo?e a?ae 52 aei 98 Ae/ea ii 134Cs oa a?ae
0,7o103 aei 1,3o103 Ae/ea ii 137Cs. Eiioeaio?aoe?y ?aae?ioeac?th a n?i?
eieeaaeany a?ae 1o103 aei 18o103 Ae/ea. ??aaiue 137Cs o c?aceao
eiia?ei?io ia ia?aaeuoaaa 0,65o103 Ae/ea. Oaeyoa a ainiiaea?noa?
oo?eiothoueny ia i?aenin?. ??aaiue caa?oaeiaiino? iieiea a na?aaeiueiio
noaiiaea 0,36o103 Ae/e ii 137Cs oa 40 Ae/e ii 134Cs.

O ?iaio? aeei?enoiaoaaee i?aia?aoe aiiioei ? EAO?, ?ic?iaeai?
ni?a?ia?oieeaie eaoaae?e ciia?a??ie oa iniia aaoa?eia??? i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii ae-?a aao. iaoe, i?ioani?a, ae?eniiai /eaia Aeaaeai??
aaoa?eia?ieo iaoe ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe?? A.I. I?e?oaiea.

I?aia?ao aiiioei — oea eiiieaen iie?iaioeaeieo o?aeoe?e, aeae?eaieo ?c
aeei/eiai? caeice (oeiona) aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, a i?aia?ao EAO?
(eiiieaen aeoeaoth/eo oaeoi??a ?ioi?oaoo) ? aaca?eeiaei o?c?ieia?/ii
caaeainiaaiei iaai?ii aoii?aeueieo oaeoi??a, aeae?eaieo ?c e?ioi?aeii?
oeaieie oaa?ei.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae
/i?ii-?yai? ii?iaee a?eii a?ae 12-15 aei?a aei 10 i?n. Ca i?eioeeiii
aiaeia?a (ii?iaea, a?e, noaoue, aeeaa iana, o?c?ieia?/iee noai)
oi?ioaaee aeine?aei? a?oie ii 5 oaa?ei o eiaei?e (oaae.1.).

Oaaeeoey 1

Noaia i?iaaaeaiiy iaoeiai-ae?iaie/eo aeine?ae?a c

aea/aiiy aieeao ??cieo ?aaeei?a canoinoaaiiy

?ioiiiiaeoethth/eo i?aia?ao?a

A?oie

oaa?eiIacaa

i?aia?aooAeica

ie/eaE?aoi?noue

aaaaeaiiy?ioa?aae i?ae

aaaaeaiiyieAeine?aeia 1 EAO? 0,015 iaeii?aciaiAeine?aeia 2 EAO?
0,015 aeai?aciai 14 aei?aAeine?aeia 3 EAO? 0,015 o?e?aciai
14 aei?aEiio?ieueia 1 ?cioii?/iee

?ic/ei NaCl 0,015 aeai?aciai 14 aei?a Aeine?aeia 4 aiiioei 0,03
iaeii?aciai Aeine?aeia 5 aiiioei 0,03 aeai?aciai 14 aei?a
Aeine?aeia 6 aiiioei 0,03 o?e?aciai 14 aei?aEiio?ieueia
2?cioii?/iee ?ic/ei NaCl 0,03 aeai?aciai 14 aei?aAeey
aeine?aeaeaiue a?ae oaa?ei aeine?aeieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi a?aeae?aee
ia?eoa?e/io e?ia ? aiooaaee ne?iaaoeo e?ia?, a oaeiae i?iae i’yciai?
oeaieie oa aioo??oi?o i?aai?a (na?oea, eaaai?, ia/?iea, naeac?iea,
ie?ee, aeei/eiaa caeica, e?ioaoe/i? aocee).

E?ia o oaeyo a?aee ?c y?aiii? aaie a?aioe? aei aiae?ae? e iaeii/anii
i?iaiaeeee ee?i?/iee iaeyae oaa?ei. Aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? i?iaiaeeee aei
aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a, a oaeiae ia 34-e, 55-e, 136-e oa 163-e aei?
i?ney.

I?e aeeiiaii? ?iaioe aeei?enoiaoaaee oae? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue:

aaiaoieia?/i?: o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? oaa?ei aecia/aee ai?no aaiiaeia?io,
e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a, aaiaoie?eo, aaniethoio ? a?aeiinio
e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a oa ioe?ithaaee ii?oieia?/iee neeaae ee?oei a?ei?
e?ia? (Eoae?yaoeaa A.A., Eoae?yaoeaaa E.A., 1984);

?ioiieia?/i?: e?euee?noue O-e?ioioeeo?a oa ?o noaiiioeyoe?e aecia/aee
iaoiaeii Gondall ?c ni?aaao. (1972) o iiaeeo?eaoe?? Iiaeeiaa Ae.E.,
Iiaeeiai? A.?. (1976) , e?euee?noue A-ee?oei — iaoiaeii N. Aianco et
al, 1970.

Ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei aecia/aee ca ?o
caeaoi?noth i?e?aeioaaoe iaaio e?euee?noue ?iaeeeaoi?ieo a?eo?ioeeo?a.
Caeaaeii a?ae e?eueeino? i?e?aeiaieo a?eo?ioeeo?a, eiaeio iiioeyoe?th
?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei ?icae?eyee ia o?e noaiiioeyoe??:

iecueeiaaeaei? e?ioioeeoe, ye? i?e?aeiaee 3-4 a?eo?ioeeoe;

na?aaeiueiaaeaei? e?ioioeeoe, ye? i?e?aeiaee 5-9 a?eo?ioeeo?a;

aenieiaaeaei? e?ioioeeoe, ye? i?e?aeiaee 10 ? a?eueoa a?eo?ioeeo?a.

Oeo? aaoa?iaaiaaaethoei?i?a aecia/aee iaoiaeii Oeooa (1985);

ciioaoi?/i?: aea/aee oiiae oa oaoiieia?th oo?eiaiiy oaa?ei, ??aaiue ?
iiaiioe?ii?noue aiae?ae?, caa?aaeai?noue iiaie?a’y oa na?aaeiueiaeiaia?
i?e?inoe aeeai? iane oaa?ei;

ciia?a??i?/i?: aei??thaaee ia?aiao?e i?e?iee?iaoo a i?ei?uaiiyo aeey
oaa?ei ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie (Aeniein I.I., 1990).

Aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?io aenia?oeco oaa?ei i?iaiaeeee ca iaoiaeeeith
ca?aeii “I?aaee aaoa?eia?iiai iaeyaeo ? aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ii?
aenia?oece i’yna ? i’ynii?iaeoeo?a” (1988?.) aaciina?aaeiuei a caa?eiiio
oeaoo, aeei?enoiaoth/e i?aaiieaioe/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue.

O?ceei-o?i?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy i’yna oaa?ei i?iaiaeeee i?ney eiai
o?ueioaeiaiaiai aeic??aaiiy. O?i?/iee neeaae ? eaei??ei?noue i’yna
aecia/aee ?ic?aooieiaei oeyoii, a eiioeaio?aoe?th aiaeiaaeo ?ii?a – ia
iioaioe?iiao?? EIO-01.

Oiene/i?noue oa a?aeiinio a?ieia?/io oe?ii?noue i’yna caa?eieo oaa?ei
aecia/aee aeni?an- iaoiaeii, iniiaaiei ia iin?a? eaai?aoi?ii? eoeueoo?e
Oao?ao?iaia i??eoi?i?n o oeaeiie c aeine?aeaeoaaieie i?iaaie i’yna
(1988).

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy a?noieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeae?aee oiaoi/ee oeaiei
? i?aai?a c aeio?eiaiiyi caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiaeee. Ii?oiiao?e/io
ioe?ieo i?iaiaeeee ca aeiiiiiaith ieoey?-i?e?iiao?a ca A.O. Eenaeueiaith
? ni?aaao., (1983). I?e?ioioia?ao?? io?eioaaee ca aeiiiiiaith
oioii?enoaaee OI-3.

I?iae aeey ?aae?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeae?aee a?aeiia?aeii aei
caaaeueieo aeiia acyooy iaoa??aeo, caa?oaeiaiiai ?aae?iioee?aeaie,
aeio?eioth/enue i?aaee iniaenoi? aaciaee. Aaiia-oii o i?ei?uaiiyo, aea
oo?eioaaeenue i?aeaeine?aei? oaa?eie, ia aeaoeueieo iaeaeai/eeao ? ia
ianiaeuao aecia/aee aeiceiao?ii-N?I-68-01. ?aae?iiao?e/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?iaiaeeee ia aaiia-niaeo?iiao?e/iiio iaeaaeiaii? “Canberra” ?
“Guantulus”, a oaeiae ia ?aae?iiao?e/iiio e?/eeueieeo “NII?ENAIIA”.

A?iiao?e/io ia?iaeo ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaio?a i?iaiaeeee ia
i?ia?aiiaaieo i?e?i-AII “Aeaeo?ii?ea-IE-61” c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiae?a
aa??aoe?eii? noaoenoeee (Ieio?inueeee I.A.,1969; ?ieeoeueeee I.O.,1973;
Nieieia ?.Ae, 1987; Eae?i A.O.,1990).

?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe OA ?O IAAIAI?AIIss

Aecia/aiiy aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ? noaio caaaeueii? ?acenoaioiino?
aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae a oiiaao ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy

?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo aaiaoieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue (oaae.2) na?ae/aoue
i?i oa, ui a ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? oaeyo ? ei??a niinoa??aa?oueny
cieaeaiiy ai?noo a?eo?ioeeo?a oa ?o iane/ai?noue aaiiaeia?iii.

Oaaeeoey 2

Aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee e?ia? oaa?ei

Iieacieee Iaeeieoe?

aei??o Ei?iae OaeyoaAi?no aaiiaeia?io a/e 79.00
3.16 86.60 2.99Aaiaoie?eoia aaee/eia % 30.58 1.45 34.00
1.31 E?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a 1012/e 4.40 0.31 5.16
0.29E?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a 109/e 6.52 0.74 6.36
0.54Iaee/eiyaea?i?

iaeo?io?ee % 11.00 1.54 13.40 0.94Naaiaioiyaea?i?

iaeo?io?ee % 9.80 0.85 15.00 0.89Aiceiio?ee %
9.80 1.15 4.40 3.41Iiiioeeoe % 0.80 0.20 3.80
0.63E?ioioeeoe % 58.60 2.00 59.40 4.01Aoeiia? ee?oeie
% 10.00 1.26 4.00 0.83 Ae?aaeai? ci?ie aeyaeai? oaeiae o
ii?oieia?/ieo no?oeoo?ao ee?oei e?ia?. Oeeoiii?oieia?/i? aiiiae?? a
a?eo?ioeeoao oa?aeoa?ecoaaeenue iayai?noth ci?iaieo iaoieia?/ieo oi?i
(c??/ano?, oeiiaeaei?, /aoeiiiae?ai?, noa?e/i? a?eo?ioeeoe) aiane?aeie
ci?i o iaia?aiao a?eo?ioeeo?a. Iayai?noue aiiiaeueieo oi?i a?eo?ioeeo?a
?icoe?ith?oueny ye iciaea a?iio?iiii? oi?ie aiai??, a iiyaa oeiiaeaeieo
? noa?e/ieo oi?i a?eo?ioeeo?a na?ae/eoue i?i i?enei?aiiy i?ioeano
noa??iiy a?eo?ioeeo?a o e?ia’yiiio ?one? ( Iyao A.?. ?c ni?aaao., 1992).
Ioaea, ci?ie ea?oeie /a?aiii? e?ia? aeacothoue ia ii?ooaiiy ooieoe??
a?eo?iiiaco a i?aai?ci? oaa?ei.

A?eueo nooo?a? ci?ie aeyaeai? a e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a, ni?aa?aeiioaii?
ie?aieo aeae?a oa a ?o a?noino?oeoo?ao. Aei noaa?eueieo ci?i, ui
niinoa??aaee a eiaei?e na??? aeine?ae?a iaeaaeaoue: aaniethoia ?
a?aeiinia aiceiio?e?y oa iayai?noue iaoieia?/ieo ee?oei aiane?aeie
?aae?aoe?eieo iioeiaeaeaiue (a?aaionuee? a?ia?naaiaioiaai? iaeo?io?ee,
o?aaiaioaoe?y yaea?, aeeth/aiiy yaea?ii? ?a/iaeie o oeeoiieacio, aeaio-
oa iie?ii?oiiyaea?i? e?ioioeeoe).

Cia/ia ?ieue o i?aeo?eioe? noaeino? i?aai?cio iaeaaeeoue oee?eoethth/ei
o e?ia? O- ? A- e?ioioeeoai, ui aa?ooue o/anoue o oi?ioaaii?
niaoeeo?/iiai ?ioi?oaoo.

Ca aeaieie iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, a?aeiinia e?euee?noue O–e?ioioeeo?a ?
?o noaiiioeyoe?e aoea ii??aiyii iaaenieith. Aea/aiiy ?o ooieoe?iiaeueii?
aeoeaiino? iieacaei iecueeo aeni?an?th ?aoeaioi?iiai aia?aoo
ieaciaoe/ieo iaia?ai ee?oei, ine?eueee i?aaenoaaeai? aiie aoee, aieiaiei
/eiii, iecueeiaaeaeieie ? na?aaeiueiaaeaeieie e?ioioeeoaie. A?aeiinia
e?euee?noue A–e?ioioeeo?a aoea a iaaeao o?c?ieia?/ieo ii?i, iaeiae
?ioaineai?noue niiioaiiiai ?icaoeiooai?aiiy o e?ioioeeo?a aoea
iecueeith. Anoaiiaeaii oaeiae aenieee ai?no ioeueiaeo ee?oei. Ana oea
na?ae/eoue i?i iecueeo ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo
ee?oei.

I?i aenieee nooi?iue ae?? ?aae?aoe?eiiai aieeao ia aiiainoac i?aai?cio
oa ?ioiio nenoaio, cie?aia, na?ae/aoue ? ?acoeueoaoe a?noieia?/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue. Aeyaeai? iciaee aeoeeaeaioaeueii? ?iaiethoe?? o oeaiei?
oeiona, ye? i?iyaeyeenue aeniaaeaiiyi ?? e?ioi?aeieie ee?oeiaie,
?icaeoeii o ieo iciae aeeno?io??, iaeiie/aiiyi ai?oae?aeueieo o?eaoeue
Aannaey aeeno?io?/ii-aeaaaia?aoeaii? i?e?iaee. Ii?ooaiiy a e?ioaoe/ieo
aoceao a?aeia?aaeathoue noai no?oeoo?ii? aeaci?aai?caoe?? i?aai?a
?ioiiaaiaco. ?acii c aeyaeaieie ci?iaie o aeei/eia?e caeic? ? naeac?ioe?
aiie oa?aeoa?ecothoue no?oeoo?iee aacen ?ioiinoi?aneaiiai noaio oaa?ei.

Aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo aeic oa ?aaeei?a canoinoaaiiy aiiioeio ? EAO?

C iaoith noaa?e?caoe?? aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a oa ?ioiii? nenoaie ?
i?aeo?eiee aiiainoaco iaie aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii c’ynoaaiith
ae?? i?aia?ao?a oeiona aiiioeio ? EAO? ia i?aai?ci oaeyo. Iioeiaeuei?
aeice oa ?aaeeie aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a aoee anoaiiaeai?
aenia?eiaioaeueiei oeyoii. I?e oeueiio a?aoiaoaaee caa?aaeai?noue oaeyo
oa na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe aeeai? iane, a oaeiae aieea i?aia?ao?a
ia aaiaoieia?/i? oa ?ioiieia?/i? iieacieee.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui iaeneiaeueiee na?aaeiueiaeiaiaee
i?e??no aeeai? iane aoa o oaa?ei, yeei aaiaeeee aiiioei o aeic? 0,03
ie/ea oa i?ney aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo EAO? o aeic? 0,015 ie/ea.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy c aecia/aiiy aieeao e?aoiino? aaaaeaiiy
i?aia?ao?a oa ?ioa?aae?a i?ae ieie (/a?ac 7; 14; 21 oa 28 aei?a)
na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui aeai?aciaa ia?iaea oaa?ei ni?eyea ca?eueoaiith
na?aaeiueiaeiaiaeo i?e?ino?a aeeai? iane oaa?ei ia 9 16% i?e ia?iaoe?
aiiioeiii oa ia 7 13% i?e canoinoaaii? EAO?. Iaeneiaeueia
ca?eueoaiiy na?aaeiuei- aeiaiaiai i?e?inoo aeeai? iane oaa?ei
niinoa??aaeiny i?e aeai?aciaiio aaaaeaii? aiiioeio oa EAO? c ?ioa?aaeii
14 aei?a o aeicao 0,03 ie/ea oa 0,015 ie/ea.

Aieea ??cieo ?aaeei?a canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a aiiioei ? EAO? ia

aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee i?aai?cio oaeyo

Aeine?aeaeaiiy e?ia? oaeyo, iaea?aeai? i?ney iaeii?aciaiai aaaaeaiiy
i?aia?aoo aiiioei o aeic? 0,03 ie/ea, iieacaee, ui ia 34-o aeiao
aeine?aeaeaiue niinoa??aaeiny i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo aaiiaeia?io ia 6%,
aaiaoie?eoii? aaee/eie — ia 6,5% oa e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a — ia 10,3%,
ii??aiyii c aiaeia?/ieie iieacieeaie oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie.
Aaniethoia e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a c?inea iaeii/anii o oaa?ei iaio a?oi.

Ia 55-o aeiao aeine?aeaeaiue o aeine?aei?e a?oi? oaa?ei niinoa??aaeiny
iaaeeaeaiiy aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a aei ?o ii/aoeiaiai ??aiy, o oie
/an ye iieacieee oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie caeeoaeeny cieaeaieie, ui
na?ae/eoue i?i i?eai?/aiiy a?eo?iiiaco.

I?ney iaeii?aciaiai aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo EAO? o aeic? 0,015 ie/ea
niinoa??aaee ca?eueoaiiy e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia?
ia 22,9% (?<0,05) ia 34-e aeaiue. Ai?no aaiiaeia?io i?aeaeueany ia 13,6%, a aaiaoie?eoia aaee/eia - ia 15,5% (?0,01). Ia 55-o aeiao aeine?aeaeaiue aoei anoaiiaeaii cieaeaiiy aaiaoieia?/ieo iieaciee?a, ii??aiyii c iiia?aaei?ie aeaieie. O eaeeioeeoa?i?e oi?ioe? a??ia?aeieo ci?i o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? oaa?ei iaio aeine?aeieo a?oi ye ia 34-o, oae ? ia 55-o aeiao aeine?aeaeaiue ia aeyaeaii. Aeai?aciaa canoinoaaiiy aiiioeio a aeic? 0,03 ie/ea c ?ioa?aaeii 14 aei?a (oaae. 3) ni?eyei ca?eueoaiith e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie ia 7,6%. Ai?no aaiiaeia?io i?aeaeueany ia 4,9%. Aiaeia?/ia i?aeaeuaiiy niinoa??aaee ? ia 55-o aeiao aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaeii/anii iinooiiai i?aeaeuoaaeany aaniethoia e?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? oa aeine?aeii? a?oi. Oaaeeoey 3 Aieea aiiioeio ia aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae (n=5) IieacieeeOa?i?i aeine?aeaeaiue, aei?aaei aaaaeaiiy 3455 136163Ai?no aaiiaei a?io, a/e 92,22,77 94,81,43 81,83,90 78,51,30 91,82,14 88,52,60 96,01,06 86,01,0698,01,01* 85,32,4Aaiaoie?eoia aaee/eia, % 36,61,28 37,80,64 31,81,71 30,30,58 36,20,97 34,91,18 38,31,25 33,71,0638,90,1* 33,41,12E?euee?noue a?eo?i- oeeo?a, *1012/e 5,720,28 5,980,14 4,680,39 4,350,13 5,630,25 5,350,26 6,101,06 5,101,066,330,05* 5,030,24E?euee?noue eaeeioeeo?a, *109/e 6,951,05 6,920,53 7,840,84 8,901,66 7,400,45 6,950,29 9,600,36 10,900,699,270,82 10,60,69Iaee/eiyaea?i? iaeo?io?ee, % 8,81,28 10,02,06 11,01,33 11,71,32 12,01,08 12,81,04 13,01,52 18,72,3313,00,58 14,32,03Naaiaioiyaea?i? iaeo?io?ee, % 14,331,96 16,002,64 18,331,55 17,042,04 21,750,85 18,250,85 27,331,76 13,002,5722,01,0* 14,01,53Aiceiio?ee, % 6,500,99 10,002,09 5,001,96 9,562,05 4,500,65 8,751,55 7,330,58 10,332,406,330,88* 9,661,20Iiiioeeoe, %2,700,49 2,200.372,670,88 1,800,582,750,86 1,500,652,000,58 0,670,333,000,58 2,000,58E?ioioeeoe, %63,842,81 59,205,2561,002,56 57,554,2858,751,49 56,703,2850,331,33 56,333,4855,31,45 58,02,65Aoeiia? ee?oeie, %3,830,54 2,600,402,000,57 2,350,580,250,25 2,000,41 ___0____ 2,000,58 ___0____ 2,000,58I?ei?oea: o /enaeueieeo – aeine?ae; o ciaiaiieeo – eiio?ieue; * – ??cieoey a??ia?aeia. O eaeeioeeoa?i?e oi?ioe? aeyaeaii iie?auaiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iaee/eiyaea?ieo oa naaiaioiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a, iacia/ia cieaeaiiy a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? aiceiio?e?a, noaa?euei?noue ai?noo iiiioeeo?a i?e cieaeaii? ?o o e?ia? oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie oa ciaioaiiy a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? e?ioioeeo?a ? aoeiiaeo ee?oei. Aeai?aciaa aaaaeaiiy i?aia?aoo EAO? o aeic? 0,015 ie/ea c ?ioa?aaeii 14 aei?a ( oaae. 4) ni?eyei i?aeaeuaiith e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a ia 19,0% (?<0,05) oaea ia 34-o aeiao aeine?aeaeaiue oa ca?eueoaiith ?o iane/aiino? aaiiaeia?iii ia 11,2% (?<0,05). Oaea ae oaiaeaioe?y caa??aaeany ? ia i?ioyc? onueiai aeine?aeo. Aaiaoie?eoia aaee/eia ca aeaiee ia??iae c?inea ia 12,5 % (?<0,05); a?aecia/aeinue i?aeaeuaiiy aaniethoii? e?eueeino? eaeeioeeo?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? oaeyo ia 15,1% (?<0,05). Oaaeeoey 4 Aieea i?aia?aoo EAO? ia aaiaoieia?/i? iieacieee iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae (Oo) IieacieeeOa?i?i aeine?aeaeaiue, aei?aaei aaaaeaiiy 34 55 136 163Ai?no aaii aeia?io, a/e92,22,77 94,81,43 95,72,85* 86,02,9597,34,96 93,51,1991,30,78* 80,03,0691,03,2* 81,05,9Aaiaoie?eoia aaee/eia, %36,61,28 37,80,64 38,01,32* 33,81,3638,52,02 36,80,59 35,981,64* 30,871,2535,861,4* 31,202,7E?euee?noue a?eo ?ioeeo?a, *1012/e5,720,28 5,980,14 6,070,29* 5,100,296,180,12 5,850,12 5,630,78* 4,500,535,600,32* 4,600,60E?euee?noue eaeei oeeo?a, *109/e6,951,05 6,920,53 9,530,68* 8,281,2010,251,16 9,921,36 10,000,98 9,261,789,060,59 8,530,84Iaee/eiyaea?i? iaeo?io?ee, %8,31,28 10,02,0613,82,03 12,01,89 15,00,58* 13,01,00 15,71,76 16,01,5112,670,88* 23,672,03Naaiaioiyaea?i? iaeo?io?ee, %14,31,96 16,02,6418,41,86 17,02,0820,01,41 17,00,58 23,31,45* 16,75,1823,672,33* 18,671,86Aiceiio?ee, %6,5,0,99 10,02,095,60,49* 8,30,88 4,50,86* 7,01,53 7,32,06* 10,02,653,331,86* 8,330,67Iiiioeeoe, %2,70,49 2,20,373,00,58 2,00,58 3,50,64* 1,30,883,70,88 0,70,333,32,40* 2,01,00E?ioioeeoe, %63,82,81 59,25,2557,22,38 57,73,4256,31,10 58,72,4050,02,52 53,07,3757,02,60 52,02,08Aoeiia? ee?oeie, %3,80,54 2,60,402,00,57 3,00,88 0,80,48* 3,00,58 ____0____ 3,7 0,33 ____0____ 2,330,88I?ei?oea: o /enaeueieeo – aeine?ae; o ciaiaiieeo – eiio?ieue; * – ??cieoey ae?ia?aeia.. I?ioyaii ia?oeo aeaio i?nyoe?a o ia?eoa?e/i?e e?ia? oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie niinoa??aaee i?aeaeuaiiy a?aeiinii? e?eueeino? iaee/eiyaea?ieo (6,17%) oa naaiaioiyaea?ieo (5,67%) iaeo?io?e?a, ia aeaa a?aenioee ciaioeeany e?euee?noue aiceiio?e?a. Ai?no iiiioeeo?a i?aeaeueany aei 3,5%, o oie /an ye o e?ia? oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie ?o e?euee?noue ciaioeeany ca aeaa i?nyoe? iaeaea oaea?/?, a a?aeiinia e?euee?noue e?ioioeeo?a - ia 10%. Ia 55-o aeiao aeine?aeaeaiue aeinoia??ii cieceeany e?euee?noue aoeiiaeo ee?oei o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie i?e i?aeaeuaii? ?o ai?noo o e?ia? oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie. O?e?aciaa aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a i?ecaaei aei cieaeaiiy ai?noo aaiiaeia?io, e?eueeino? a?eo?ioeeo?a, aaiaoie?eoii? aaee/eie. O eaeeioeeoa?i?e oi?ioe? a??ia?aeieo ci?i o oaa?ei aeine?aeieo oa eiio?ieueii? a?oi ia aeyaeaii. Oaeei /eiii, eeoa aeai?aciaa aaaaeaiiy aiiioeio ? EAO? caaacia/oaaei iaee?auee aoaeo o oaeyo, ui ia?aaoaaee a oiiaao iino?eiiae?th/eo ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue. Oiio iiaeaeueo? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee ia oaa?eiao, yeei i?aia?aoe aaiaeeee aeai?aciai. Aieea i?aia?ao?a ia noaiiioeyoe?? ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei C iaoith aeyaeaiiy aieeao i?aia?ao?a ia noai ?ioiieia?/ii? ?aaeoeaiino? oaa?ei aecia/aee ni?aa?aeiioaiiy O- ? A-e?ioioeeo?a, noaiiioeyoe?? O-e?ioioeeo?a, ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei (oaae. 5, 6). Oaaeeoey 5 Aieea i?aia?aoo EAO? ia noaiiioeyoe?? ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei, % Iieacieee Oa?i?i aeine?aeaeaiue (ae?a) aei aaaaeaiiy 34 55 136 163 OA-?OE 29,12 1,90 28,00 1,50 29,62 1,46 28,90 1,81 30,40 1,60 29,20 1,74 32,00 1,72* 28,50 1,68 33,001,21* 29,601,08aeo. OA-?OE 18,40 1,80 18,80 2,10 19,85 1,94 17,52 1,72 19,32 1,65* 16,90 1,92 21,32 1,70* 18,40 1,35 20,001,29* 17,201,45 O-oaeia?e 21,30 1,30 22,40 1,50 22,59 1,46 21,51 1,63 24,45 1,39 22,30 1,74 23,51 1,36* 20,41 1,65 22,411,15* 19,211,30 O-noi?ani?e 8,10 1,80 8,90 1,20 9,12 1,38 8,92 1,70 9,16 1,35 8,49 1,51 11,40 1,04 9,71 1,08 10,101,77 9,651,60 A-e?ioioeeoe 17,32 1,46 17,21 1,68 18,16 1,90 16,95 1,57 18,14 1,32 16,58 1,84 19,81 1,74 17,32 1,61 20,001,74 18,361,32I-e?ioioeeoe 53,56 2,16 55,79 2,08 52,22 1,84 54,15 1,44 51,46 1,35* 54,22 1,48 48,19 1,70* 54,18 1,96 47,001,35* 54,041,49I?ei?oea: /enaeueiee – aeine?ae; ciaiaiiee – eiio?ieue; * – ??cieoey ae?ia?aeia. Iaea?eueo ae?aci? ci?ie a?aei?/ai? o i?aeaeuaii? e?eueeino? caaaeueieo O-e?ioioeeo?a ia 14,4% o e?ia? oaa?ei, yeei aaiaeeee ?ioiiiiaeoethth/ee i?aia?ao EAO? oa ia 18% - o oaa?ei, yeei canoiniaoaaee aiiioei. Aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?aoo EAO? ni?eyei iinooiiaiio ca?eueoaiith e?eueeino? O-e?ioioeeo?a oa ?o aeoeaii? noaiiioeyoe?? a e?ia? oaeyo, a oie /an ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oaa?ei ?o e?euee?noue iaeaea ia ci?ithaaeanue. Aea/aiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei iieacaei, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny aeoeaaoe?y aeni?an?? ?aoeaioi?iiai aia?aoo ieaciaoe/ii? iaia?aie e?ioioeeo?a. Oae, OA-?OE aoee i?aaenoaaeai?, aieiaiei /eiii na?aaeiueiaaeaeieie e?ioioeeoaie – 19,8% i?ioe 8,0% o eiio?ieueieo oaa?ei (?0,001). Aenieiaaeaeieo e?ioioeeo?a o e?ia? oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie aeyaeee 1,25%, a oie /an ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? aiie a?aenooi?. Ai?no iecueeiaaeaeieo e?ioioeeo?a ciaioeany aei 13,2% (?0,01) a e?ia? oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie i?ioe 21,6% o e?ia? oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? a?oie. Oaaeeoey 6 Aieea i?aia?aoo aiiioei ia noaiiioeyoe?? ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei, % Iieacieee Oa?i?i aeine?aeaeaiue (ae?a) aei aaaaeaiiy 34 55 136 163 OA-?OE32,80 1,95 32,10 1,8433,29 1,62 31,19 1,82 35,14 1,90* 30,12 1,8537,31 1,98* 31,18 1,6034,92 1,86 29,98 1,46 aeo. OA-?OE23,32 1,99 22,40 1,74 22,11 1,64 20,90 1,2825,10 1,13* 21,94 1,6824,12 1,36 22,02 1,6524.0 1,90 21,13 1.51 O-oaeia?e18,86 1,69 19,84 1,48 21,11 1,16 20,00 1,9322,00 1,55* 19,17 1,7222,14 1,69* 18,91 1,4424.00 1,42 20.14 1,.67 O-noi?ani?e 9,25 1,79 9,18 1,75 10,16 1,45 9,48 1,3511,18 1,74 9,28 1,6812,14 1,78 9 ,68 1,2511.98 1.65 10.12 1.34 A-e?ioioeeoe 16,85 1,37 16,62 1,46 19,31 1,42 16,94 1,58 19,48 1,54 17,65 1,6919,02 1,94 17,19 1,3517.62 1,18 16,35 1,49I-e?ioioeeoe 50,35 1,64 52,28 1,90 47,40 1,81 51,87 1,29 45,38 1,90* 52,23 1,4443,67 1,78* 51,63 1,6147,46 1,.54* 54,17 1,72I?ei?oea: /enaeueiee – aeine?ae; ciaiaiiee – eiio?ieue; * – ??cieoey a??ia?aeia. Ia?aeaeueii niinoa??aaee a??ia?aeia ca?eueoaiiy aeoeaii? noaiiioeyoe?? O-e?ioioeeo?a o e?ia? oaa?ei iaio aeine?aeieo a?oi. O oie aea /an i?ae aieeaii iino?eii? ae?? ?aae?aoe?eieo oaeoi??a o e?ia? oaa?ei eiio?ieueieo a?oi aeyaeyee iinooiiaa cieaeaiiy aeoeaii? noaiiioeyoe?? O-e?ioioeeo?a. Iie?aueeiny oaeiae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy O-oaeia??a ? O-noi?ani??a. Aieea i?aia?ao?a ia A-e?ioioeeoe aoa iaio ae?aaeaiei. Iaeii/anii niinoa??aaeinue cieaeaiiy I-e?ioioeeo?a o e?ia? oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi. Ne?ae a?aecia/eoe i?aeaeuaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino? ?ioiieiiiaoaioieo ee?oei ??cieo eean?a oa noaiiioeyoe?e. I?ae aieeaii ?ioiiiiaeoethth/eo ?a/iaei a?aeaoaaeany aeoeaaoe?y ?aoeaioi?iiai aia?aoo ieaciaoe/ii? iaia?aie e?ioioeeo?a. Oeo? aaoa?iaaiaaethoeiei?a a ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oaeyo i?aeaeueany c 1:4,12 aei 1:4,79 i?e aeei?enoaii? aiiioeio oa c 1:3,6 aei 1:5,86 EAO?. Oae? ci?ie a i?aai?ci? oaeyo na?ae/aoue i?i aeoeaaoe?th ee?oeiiiai oa aoii?aeueiiai ?ioi?oaoo i?ae aieeaii ?ioiiiiaeoethth/eo i?aia?ao?a EAO? oa aiiioei. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oaeeo ci?i ? ?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo a?noieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue. O a?noieia?/i?e no?oeoo?? oeiona oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie caa??aaeany aeinoaoiy ii?oieia?/ia iniiaa ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? iaa?oue aeoeaaoe?? i?aaio. Oaeee aeniiaie, c iaeiiai aieo, aaco?oueny ia caa?aaeaii? aeeoo?caeaoieo no?oeoo? oeaiei oeiona, c ?ioiai – ia nooo?aiio iie?auaii? ii?oieia?/iiai noaoono e?ioi?aeieo i?aai?a (e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a ? naeac?iee, e?ioaoe/iiai aia?aoo a?iio?a oa oiieiai a?aeae?eo eeoa/ieeo), aeyaeaiiai o oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi, ye i?iya aaeaeaaoiiai ?aaoethth/iai oa aeeoa?aioe?thth/iai aieeao oeiona ia oe? i?aaie. Aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?ia ioe?iea i?iaeoeo?a caaith I?e aaoa?eia?ii-nai?oa?i?e aenia?oec? i?iaeoeo?a caaith iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae aeyaeaii, ui 80% ooo oaa?ei aeine?aeieo a?oi iaeaaeaoue aei ia?oi? eaoaai??? aaiaeiaaiino?, 20% aei ae?oai?, o oie /an ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? 25% aei ia?oi? oa 75% ooo ae?oai? eaoaai???. O aioo??oi?o i?aaiao (ia/?iea, ie?ee, eaaai?) ae?aaeaieo iaoieia?/ieo ci?i ia aeyaeyee. Iaeiae, o a?eueoino? oaa?ei aeine?aeieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi niinoa??aaee ae?yae?noue na?oeaaiai i’yca, iacia/io i?eiooe?noue naeac?iee, ca?eueoaiiy iacaioa??aeueieo e?ioaoe/ieo aoce?a. Oe? ci?ie aoee a?eueo ae?aaeaieie o oaa?ei eiio?ieueieo a?oi. Iieacieee o?i?/iiai neeaaeo ? eaei??eiino? i’yna (oaae.7) oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? ? aeine?aeii? a?oi oa?aeoa?ecothoue eiai ye i’yni aeia?i? yeino?. Oaaeeoey 7 O?i?/iee neeaae ? eaei??ei?noue i’yna oaa?ei aeine?aeii? ? eiio?ieueii? a?oi IieacieeeIaeeieoe?A?oie oaa?eiaei??oaeine?aeia (n=5)eiio?ieueia (n=4)Nooee caeeoiea%25,502,3925,741,67Ai?no i?ioa?ioa% 19,921,6518,921,27Ai?no aee?oa%4,620,144,370,74Ai?no cieea%0,970,021,120,03?I 6,1 0,105,40,23Eie?? A1000381,22 1,46382,241,38 Oinoi?: caaaeueiee ia%21,742,3420,422,38 eeneioi?ic/eiiee 3,08 0,383,020,65 iai?aai?/iee 4,90 0,204,800,10Acio% 3,20 0,603,200,30Acioaeno?aeoeai? ?a/iaeie% 0,33 0,010,340,02I?aei?noueea/ni2 0,63 0,0380,640,027Caaaeueia aieiaaa%74,492,79674,263,574Eaei??ei?noue 2 ea i’ynaeeae1249,647,451220,3510,17O?eioioaiia%364,706,40371,907,20Ienei?ie ?iia%56,42,2065,903,50A?eeiai-ye?niee iieacieeiae. 6,122,10 5,640,36 Iaeiae, o i’yn? oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie ai?no i?ioa?io aoa aeuei ia 5,3%, i?ae o eiio?ieueii?, a ai?no ienei?ie?io cieceany ia 14,4%, aiane?aeie /iai a?eeiai-ye?niee iieaciee i’yna i?aeaeueany ia 8,5%. ?acoeueoaoe i?e?ia?ieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee ??ciee nooi?iue ian?iai?iiy i’yna aeine?aeii? ? eiio?ieueii? a?oi eieiaith i?e?ioei?ith oa aioa?iaaeoa??yie. C iaoith aecia/aiiy a?ieia?/ii? oe?iiino? i’yna aea/aee aieea aeno?aeoo i’yciai? oeaieie ia Oao?ao?iaio i??eoi?i?n. Iaei?ino?o? oaeaeei aeioee ? niinoa??aaeany ci?ia oi?i ee?oei ( aeaeiaaeai?, ae??ai?, ie?oae?) oa ?o ?oo?a (niia?eueiai?, ni??aeaiiae?ai? aai iacae/aeii aeoeai?). Oe? ii?ooaiiy aoee ae?aaeai? iaioith i??ith o oaa?ei, ia?iaeaieo i?aia?aoaie oeiona. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue i?i iie?auaiiy a?aeiinii? a?ieia?/ii? oe?iiino? i’yna a?ae oaa?ei, yeeo ia?iaeyee i?aia?aoaie oeiona. ?acoeueoaoe ?aae?iiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue i?iaeoeo?a caaith iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ?acoeueoaoe niaeo?iiao?e/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ??cieo i?aai?a ? oeaiei na?ae/aoue i?i ai?no o aiae?ciaaieo c?aceao ?cioii?a 134Cs, 137Cs, 90Sr, 40K. Iaeiae, ?ic?aooiee i?iaiaeeee eeoa ca o?aaeeoe?eiei ? caaaeueiii?eeiyoei ia?ea?ii ?aae?aoe?eiiai caa?oaeiaiiy 137Cs. Oaaeeoey 8 Ai?no 137Cs a i?aaiao ? oeaieiao oaeyo, ia?iaeaieo EAO? oa eiio?ieueii? a?oie (Ae/ea) I?aaie ? oeaieieA?oie oaa?ei aeine?aeia, (n=5) eiio?ieueia, (n=5) % a?ae eiio?iethNa?oeaaee i’yc 42914 68537 62,63Eaaai? 33910 425105 79,76Ia/?iea 35520 512103 69,34Ie?ee 62430 1009158 61,84Naeac?iea 37710 52765 71,54I’yciaa oeaieia 96616 136528 72,97 ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue, ui iaea?eueo caa?oaeiaiith ?aae?iioee?aeaie aoea i’yciaa oeaieia oaa?ei eiio?ieueii? ? aeine?aeii? a?oi. Iaeiae, ??aaiue caa?oaeiaiino? i’yna o oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie aoa ia 369 Ae/ea (27%) iaioei, ii??aiyii c eiio?ieueiith. Niinoa??aaee oaeiae ? cieaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ?aae?iaeoeaiiai ?cioiio o aioo??oi?o i?aaiao oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie. A E N I I A E E 1. A i?aai?ci? oaeyo i?ae aieeaii o?eaaei? ae?? ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue a?aeaoaathoueny ?ioiinoi?aneai? ci?ie. 2. A oiiaao ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy aeai?aciaa aaaaeaiiy i?aia?ao?a aiiioei a aeic? 0,03 ie/ea iane oa EAO? a aeic? 0,015 ie/ea c aeaioeaeiaaei ?ioa?aaeii iaeneiaeueii iie?auo? i?e?iaeio ?acenoaioi?noue i?aai?cio oaeyo. 3. Aeei?enoaiiy aiiioeio ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith caa?aaeaiino? oaeyo ia 5% oa EAO? ia 10% , a oaeiae ca?eueoo? na?aaeiueiaeiaia? i?e?inoe aeeai? iane a?aeiia?aeii ia 14,3% oa 11,5% . Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue a?ae aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?aoo EAO? ca ia??iae aeine?aeo noaiiaeoue 4,3 a?i ia iaeio oaa?eio. 4. I?ae aieeaii i?aia?ao?a oeiona a?aeaoaa?oueny aeoeaaoe?y a?eo?iiiaco o oaeyo: aiiioei i?aeaeuo? ai?no aaiiaeia?io ia 14,8%, (?0,05), e?euee?noue a?eo?ioeeo?a ia 25,8%, a EAO? ia 11,2% oa 22,4% a?aeiia?aeii. 5. I?aia?aoe oeiona ni?eythoue aeoeaaoe?? i?ie?oa?aoe??, aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? oa niaoe?ae?caoe?? ee?oei e?ioi?aeiiai ?yaeo. O e?ia? oaeyo iinooiiai c?inoa? e?euee?noue naaiaioiyaea?ieo iaeo?io?e?a ? iiiioeeo?a oa ciaioo?oueny e?euee?noue aoeiiaeo ee?oei. 6. I?ae ae??th aiiioeio ca?eueoo?oueny e?euee?noue O-e?ioioeeo?a ia 3,9% , a i?ae aieeaii EAO? ia 3,4% , (? 0,01) oa i?aeaeuo?oueny ?o aeoeai?noue, a ai?no O-oaeia??a c?inoa? a?aeiia?aeii ia 3,9% oa ia 3,2% ? a??ia?aeii a?aeaoaa?oueny ciaioaiiy I-e?ioioeeo?a. 7. O ne?iaaooe? e?ia? oaeyo, ia?iaeaieo i?aia?aoaie oeiona, a?aeaoaa?oueny i?aeaeuaiiy oeo?o aaoa?iaaiaaethoei?i?a c 1 : 3,6 aei 1 : 5,86 i?e aeei?enoaii? EAO? oa c 1 : 4,12 aei 1 : 4,79 i?e canoinoaaii? aiiioeio. 8. O i’yn? oaeyo, ia?iaeaieo i?aia?aoii EAO?, aeyaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy ai?noo i?ioa?io ia 5,3% (?0,05) oa a?eeiai-ye?niiai iieacieea ia 8,5% (?0,01). 9. I?ae aieeaii aeiaaio?eaaei? ae?? ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue aeyaeaii iaoieia?/i? ci?ie a iaia?ai? ee?oei, aeeno?io?th ? iae?ia?ic ee?oei ia?aio?iaoicieo i?aai?a, neea?ioecaoe?th ? noaeeii? ?iceaaee. Ia?iaea oaa?ei i?aia?aoii EAO? nooo?ai iineaaeth? aieea ?aae?aoe?eieo oaeoi??a ? i?aeaeuo? ?icaeoie ?aaaia?aoeaii-eiiiainaoi?ieo ?aaeoe?e a i?aai?ci? oaeyo. 10. Aeei?enoaiiy i?aia?aoo EAO? ni?ey? cieaeaiith eiioeaio?aoe?? 137Cs o i’yn? oaa?ei aeine?aeii? a?oie ia 27,03%, na?oeaaiio i’yc? ia 34,8%, ia/?ioe? ia 30,66%, eaaaiyo ia 20,24%, ie?eao ia 38,16%, naeac?ioe? ia 28,5%. I?IIICEOe?? AE?IAIEOeOAO C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae oa i?aeaeuaiiy ianiaoeeo?/ii? ?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio oaeyo a oiiaao o?eaaei? ae?? ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue i?iiiio?ii aeai?aciaa c ?ioa?aaeii aeaa oeaei? canoinoaaiiy i?aia?ao?a EAO? a aeic? 0,015 ie/ea aiiioeio a aeic? 0,03 ie/ea c iiaoi?iith ia?iaeith oaa?ei /a?ac 2,5 oa 3 i?nyoe? a?aeiia?aeii. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe C OAIE AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Oea/aiei O.I. Aaiaoieia?/i? ci?ie a i?aai?ci? oaeyo i?ae ae??th ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue oa ?o ei?aeoe?y ca aeiiiiiaith EAO? // A?niee A?eioea?e?a. aea?ae. aa?a?. oi-oo. A?ea Oea?eaa, 1996. Aei. 1. N. 83-85. 2. Oea/aiei O.I. Ii??aiyeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ae?? ?ioiiiiaeoethth/eo i?aia?ao?a aiiioeio ? EAO? ia iieacieee aaiiiiaco oaeyo, ui ae?iuothoueny a oiiaao ?aae?iaeoeaiiai caa?oaeiaiiy // A?niee A?eioea?e?a. aea?ae. aa?a?. oi-oo. A?ea Oea?eaa, 1997. Aei.2. *.1. N. 111-114. 3. Oea/aiei O.I. Eiiiainaoi?i? iiaeeeaino? EAO? i?e ae?? ia i?aai?ci ?ii?coth/eo aei?ii?ithaaiue// A?niee A?eioea?e?a. aea?ae. aa?a?. oi-oo. A?ea Oea?eaa, 1997. Aei. 3. *.1. N. 289-291. 4. ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ei??aeoeee eiioiiie nenoaiu iieiaeiyea e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa i?e au?aueaaiee aai a ciiao ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai caa?yciaiey / A.I.Ieeeoaiei, A.A.Iaeeia, A.N.Aeaoei, A.I.Eynioa, O.I.Oea/aiei e ae?. a. Aaeay Oea?eiaue-*a?iiaueue, 1996. 16 n. 5. ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeei?enoaiith i?e?iaeiiai ?ioiiiiaeoethth/iai i?aia?aoo EAO? – eiiieaen aeoeaoth/eo oaeoi??a ?ioi?oaoo o aaoa?eia?i?e iaaeeoeei? / A.I.Ieeeoaiei, A.A.Iaeeia, I.A.Eicae, A.I.Eynioa, O.I.Oea/aiei oa ?i. i.A?ea Oea?eaa, 1998. 10 n. 6. I?e?oaiei A.I., Eynioa A.I. , Oea/aiei O.I. Aieea ?ii?coth/iai aei?ii?ithaaiiy ia aiiainoac oaa?ei // Oace aeii. iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. “A/ai? AOeAeNA? ae?iaieoeoao” (A?ea Oea?eaa, 19-20 ea?oiy 1994 ?.). A?ea Oea?eaa, 1994. N. 157-158. 7. Oea/aiei O.I. Aeeyiea EAOE ia aaiaoieiae/aneea iieacaoaee e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa, au?aueaaaiiai a oneiaeyo ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai caa?yciaiey // Problemele actuale ale tehnolog iei producerii productiei animalieri. Tezele conferintei practico-stiinface 23 iunie a. 1995. Maximovca, 1995. P. 33-34. 8. Oea/aiei O.I. Aeeyiea eiioiiiiaeoeyoi?a EAOE ia O-nenoaio iieiaeiyea e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa, au?aueaaaiiai a oneiaeyo ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai caa?yciaiey // Iaoa?eaeu 7-e Iaaeain. iaaeaoc. iao/.-i?aeo. eiio. “Iiaua oa?iaeieiae/aneea n?aaenoaa a aaoa?eia?ee”. Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1995. N. 56-57. 9. Aeeyiea EAOE ia eiioiiaeieiae/aneoth ?aaeoeaiinoue aeeaioiuo, au?aueaaaiuo a oneiaeyo 30-ei ciiu / A.I.Ieeeoaiei, TH.I. A?ei/oe, A.I.Eynioa, A.O.Eo?iai, A.A. Iaeeia, O.I. Oea/aiei // 4-y Iaaeaeoia?. iao/.-oaoi. eiio. “Eoiae 8 eao ?aaiou ii eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN”: Na. aeiee. *a?iiaueue, 1996. O.1. N. 403-418. 10. Oea/aiei O.I. ?ieue anoanoaaiiiai eiioiiiiaeoee?othuaai i?aia?aoa EAOE a iiauoaiee ooieoeeiiaeueiie aeoeaiinoe eeioioeeoia ia?eoa?e/aneie e?iae iieiaeiyea e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa, au?aueaaaiiai a oneiaeyo 30-ei ciiu // 5-y Iaaeaeoia?. iao/i.-oaoi. eiio. “Eoiae 10 eao ?aaio ii eeeaeaeaoeee iineaaenoaee aaa?ee ia *AYN”: Na. oac. Caeaiue Iun, 1996. N. 291. 11. Aieea EAO? ia ye?ni? iieacieee i?iaeoeo?a caaith iieiaeiyea aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae, ae?iuaiiai a cii? a?ae/oaeaiiy / A.I.I?e?oaiei, I.A.Eicae, A.A.Iaeeia, O.I.Oea/aiei // Ca. iao. I?aeia?. iaoe.i?aeo. eiio. “No/ani? i?iaeaie aaoa?eia?ii? iaaeeoeeie, cii?iaeaia??? oa oaoiieia?e i?iaeoeo?a oaa?eiieoeoaa”. Euea?a, 1997. N. 606-607. 12. I?e?oaiei A.I., Iaeeia A.A., Oea/aiei O.I. Aieea ?ioiiiiaeoethth/iai i?aia?aoo EAO? ia a?io?i?/i? iieacieee i’yna oaa?ei a 30-ei cii? *AAN // Oace aeii. 7-ai Oe?a?inueeiai a?io?i?/iiai c’?caeo. E., 1997. *.2. N. 34-35. Oea/aiei O.I. Iioei?caoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a canoinoaaiiy i?e?iaeieo ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi??a a oiiaao o?ii?/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy oaeyo. - ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa n?euenueeiain-iiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 03.0020 a?ioaoiieia?y. A?eioea?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, A?ea Oea?eaa, 1999. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue, ui a i?aai?ci? oaeyo i?ae aieeaii o?eaaei? ae?? ciai?oiueiai oa aioo??oiueiai ii?ii?iaiiy ?icaeaathoueny ?ioiinoi?aneai? ci?ie. I?aia?aoe aiiioei ? EAO? iiceoeaii aieeaathoue ia iniiai? eaiee e?iaioai?ii? oa ?ioiii? nenoaie i?aai?cio. Ae?y ?ioiiiiaeoethth/eo oaeoi??a oeiona iieyaa? o ia?aaaaeiiio aieea? ia i?ie?oa?aoe?th, aeic??aaiiy oa niaoe?ae?caoe?th ee?oei e?ioi?aeiiai ?yaeo, noeioeyoe?th niiioaiiiai ?icaoeiooai?aiiy, i?aeaeuaiiy ?o ooieoe?iiaeueii? aeoeaiino?. Ii?yae c ?ioiiei?eaoth/ith aeiaaaeaia ?aae?ii?ioaeoi?ia aeanoea?noue i?aia?ao?a. Canoinoaaiiy ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi??a ia an?o oaoiieia?/ieo aoaiao ae?iuoaaiiy iieiaeiyeo aaeeei? ?iaaoi? ooaeiae ni?ey? i?aeaeuaiith i?e?iaeieo caoenieo ooieoe?e i?aai?cio oa i?iaeoeoeaieo yeinoae oaa?ei, caiia?aa? ?icaeoeo ?ioiiaeao?oeeoiiai noaio, eiiiainoth/e oaeei /eiii aieea iaaaoeaieo /eiiee?a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, o oiio /ene? ?aae?aoe??. Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ii?coth/a aei?ii?ithaaiiy, ?aae?iioee?aee, i?e?iaeia ?acenoaioi?noue, ?ioiieia?/iee noaoon, ee?oeiiee oa aoii?aeueiee ?ioi?oao, ?ioiiiiaeoeyoi?e, oaoiieia?y canoinoaaiiy. T.Tkachenko. Optimization of technological approaches to applying of nature immunomodulators in chronikally rayed calves. Manuscript. Thesis for candidate degree of agricultural sciences on speciality 03.00.20 biotechnology. The State Agrarian University, Bila Tcerkva, 1999. The exploration results shows that here are immunosupressive changes in calve organisms under the influence of long lasting ionizing rays. Homotyn and CAFI preparates posess a positive influence on the organism. The action is displayed through the influence on proliferation, maturing and specializing of cells of limphoid row, stimulation of spontaneous rosetting, increasing of their functional activity. Beside immunocorrecting the radioprotective ability of preparates has been established. Applying of thymus preparates through all technological stages of cattle farming provides increasing of nature defence functions of organism and productive qualities of cattle, preserves the development of immunodeficite state, compence the influence of negative factors of environment, and radiation as well. Key words: ionizing rays, radionuclides, nature resistance, cell and humoral immunity, immunomodulators, applying technology. Oea/aiei O.I. Iioeiecaoeey oaoiieiae/aneeo i?eaiia eniieueciaaiey anoanoaaiiuo eiioiiiiaeoeyoi?ia a oneiaeyo o?iie/aneiai iaeo/aiey oaeyo. ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 03.00.20 aeioaoiieiaey. Aaeioea?eianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue aa?a?iue oieaa?neoao, Aaeay Oea?eiaue, 1999. ?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiuo aaiaoieiae/aneeo, eiioiieiae/aneeo e aenoieiae/aneeo enneaaeiaaiee naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii, /oi iiae aeeyieai aeeeoaeueiiai aicaeaenoaey eiiece?othuaai eceo/aiey a i?aaiecia oaeyo ?acaeaaaony eiiieaen ianiaoeeoe/aneeo ?aaeoeee, i?ienoiaeyo eciaiaiey, eioi?ua a ia?aoth i/a?aaeue io?eoeaoaeueii aeeytho ia ooieoeeiiaeueioth aeoeaiinoue eiioiieiiiaoaioiuo eeaoie e i?aaiia. N oeaeueth noaaeeecaoeee aaiaoieiae/aneeo iieacaoaeae e iiaeaea?aeaiey aiiainoaca iaie auee i?iaaaeaiu enneaaeiaaiey ii eco/aieth aeeyiey i?aia?aoia oeiona aiiioei e EAOE (eiiieaen aeoeae?othueo oaeoi?ia eiioieoaoa) ia i?aaieci oaeyo. Iioeiaeueiua aeicu e ?aaeeiu aaaaeaiey i?aia?aoia onoaiiaeaiu yenia?eiaioaeueiui iooai. I?e yoii o/eouaaee nio?aiiinoue oaeyo e n?aaeianooi/iua i?e?inou aeeaie iannu, a oaeaea aeeyiea i?aia?aoa ia aaiaoieiae/aneea e eiioiieiae/aneea iieacaoaee. Iieo/aiiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i oii, /oi iioeiaeueiui ?aaeeiii a oneiaeyo ?aaeeiaeoeaiiai caa?yciaiey anoue aeaoe?aoiia aaaaeaiea aiiioeia a aeica 0,03 ie/ea e EAOE 0,015 ie/ea n aeaooiaaeaeueiui eioa?aaeii e oeeeee/iinoueth aaaaeaiey i?aia?aoia niioaaonoaaiii 2,5 e 3 ianyoea. Eniieueciaaiea aiiioeia niinianoaiaaei iiauoaieth nio?aiiinoe oaeyo ia 5%, EAOE ia 10%, a oaeaea iiauoaei n?aaeianooi/iua i?e?inou aeeaie iannu niioaaonoaaiii ia 14,3% e 11,5%. I?eiaiaiea i?aia?aoia oeiona niinianoaiaaei aeoeaaoeee y?eo?iiiyca o oaeyo. I?e eniieueciaaiee aiiioeia niaea?aeaiea aaiiaeiaeia iiauneeinue ia 14,8% (? 0,05), eiee/anoai y?eo?ioeeoia ia 25,8%, a iinea eniieueciaaiey EAOE ia 11,2% e 22,4% niioaaonoaaiii. I?aia?aou oeiona niinianoaotho aeoeaaoeee i?ieeoa?aoeee, aeeooa?aioeeaoeee e niaoeeaeecaoeee eeaoie eeioieaeiiai ?yaea. A e?iae oaeyo iinoaiaiii iiauoaeinue eiee/anoai naaiaioiyaea?iuo iaeo?ioeeia e iiiioeeoia, a eiee/anoai aoeie/iuo eeaoie oiaiueoaeinue. Iiae aeeyieai aiiioeia a e?iae oaeyo oaaee/eeinue eiee/anoai O-eei-oioeeoia ia 3,9%, a iiae aeaenoaeai EAOE ia 3,4% (? 0,01) n iaeiia?aiaiiui iiauoaieai eo aeoeaiinoe e niaea?aeaiey O-oaeia?ia niioaaonoaaiii ia 3,9% e ia 3,2% e aeinoiaa?iui nieaeaieai eiee/anoaa I-eeioioeeoia. A nuai?ioea e?iae oaeyo, ia?aaioaiiuo i?aia?aoaie oeiona ioia/aee iiauoaiea oeo?a aaoa?iaaiaaaethoeieiia n 1 : 4,12 aei 1 : 4,96 i?e eniieueciaaiee aiiioeia e n 1 : aei 3,6 aei 1 : 5,8 EAOE. A iyna oaeyo, ia?aaioaiiuo i?aia?aoii EAOE, onoaiiaeaii iiauoaiea niaea?aeaiey i?ioaeia ia 5,3% (?0,05) e aaeeiai-ea/anoaaiiiai iieacaoaey ia 8,5% (? 0,01). Aenoieiae/aneeie enneaaeiaaieyie auyaeaiu iaoieiae/aneea eciaiaiey a iaia?aia eeaoie, aeeno?ioey e iae?iaeic eeaoie ia?aioeiaoiciuo i?aaiia, neea?ioecaoeey e ninoaeenoua ia?ooaiey. Ia?aaioea aeeaioiuo i?aia?aoii EAOE cia/eoaeueii nieaeaao aeeyiea ?aaeeaoeeiiiuo oaeoi?ia e iiauoaao ?acaeoea ?aaaia?aoeaii- eiiiainaoi?iuo ?aaeoeee a i?aaiecia oaeyo. Eniieueciaaiea i?aia?aoa EAOE niinianoaiaaei nieaeaieth eiioeaio?aoeee 137Cs a iyna oaeyo ia 27%, na?aea/iie iuooea ia 34,8%, ia/aie ia 30,7%, eaaeeo ia 20,2%, ii/eao ia 38,2%, naeacaiea ia 28,5%. Oaeei ia?acii, n oeaeueth iiauoaiey i?iaeoeoeaiinoe iieiaeiyea e?oiiiai ?iaaoiai neioa e ianiaoeeoe/aneie ?acenoaioiinoe i?aaiecia oaeyo a oneiaeyo iinoiyiiiai aicaeaenoaey eiiece?othueo eceo/aiee, i?aaeeaaaai aeaoe?aoiia n eioa?aaeii aeaa iaaeaee eniieueciaaiea i?aia?aoa EAOE a aeica 0,015 ie/ea eee aiiioeia 0,03 ie/ea n iiaoi?iie ia?aaioeie aeeaioiuo /a?ac 2,5 e 3 ianyoea niioaaonoaaiii. Eeth/aaua neiaa: eiiece?othuaa eceo/aiea, ?aaeeiioeeeaeu, anoanoaaiiay ?acenoaioiinoue, eiioiieiae/aneee noaoon, eeaoi/iue e aoii?aeueiue eiioieoao, eiioiiiiaeoeyoi?u, oaoiieiaey eniieueciaaiey. Caeaii aei neeaaeaiiy 6.05.99. I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 20.05.99. Oi?iao 60o84 1/16. Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,20. Cai. 277. Oe?aae 110. ?aaeaeoe?eii-iie?a?ao?/iee a?aeae?e IOI? A?eioea?e?anueeiai AeAO 256400, A?ea Oea?eaa, Niai?ia ie. 8; oae. 3-11-01.

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