4

OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IAAeE/iee oi?aa?neoao

AEai Aa?oai ?eeiea

OAeE 618-14+618.15]-007-44-089=615-8

Iia?aoeaia e?eoaaiiy oa iiaoaiia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ae?iie ae?oi?iaeiiai a?eo
c iiouaiiyi oa aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o aai?oae?e

14.01.01 – aeooa?noai oa a?iaeieia?y

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe??

ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a –1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao?,
IIC Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Aiaaeaoe?i Ieeiea
A?eai?iae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?2 Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: – aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Nicainueeee
Ieaenaiae? Ie?ineaaiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? oaeoeueoaoo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe
Euea?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

– aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Ua?a?ia Ieeiea Ieaenaiae?iae/,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?1 Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. aeaae.
I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, eaoaae?a aeooa?noaa oa a?iaeieia?? ?3, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 9 » a?oaeiy 1999 ?.  i 1200  aiaeei?
ia can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee Ae 64.600.01 i?e Oa?e?anueeiio
aea?aeaaiiio iaaee/iiio oi?aa?neoao? (310022, i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia, 4).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (310022, i. Oa?e?a, i?. Eai?ia,
4).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 25 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao iaaee/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I.I.Oaiueei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Na?aae ??ciiiai?oieo a?iaeieia?/ieo caoai?thaaiue iiouaiiy ? aeiaae?iiy
aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a caeiathoue iaeia c i?ia?aeieo i?noeue. Oey
iaoieia?y cono??/a?oueny o 5-30% ae?iie acaaae? e o 1,7-25% ae?iie
?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo [A.E.Eoeaeia, 1990, A.E.Aiaeyaeeia, 1990,
A.E.E?aniiiieuenueeee ? ni?aaao., 1993,1997] ? iia’ycaia c /anoeie
?iaeaie, iaaeinoaoiueith aeiiiiiaith a ?iaeao, o?aaiaoeciii i’yaeeo
?iaeiaeo oeyo?a, iniaeeainoyie o?ce/ii? i?aoe? [Aoyiiaa N.I. ? ni?aaao.,
1998. Diana M. Adams et al., 1989]. Inoaii?i /anii niinoa??aa?oueny
ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe iiouaiiy oa aeiaae?iiy aioo??oi?o aai?oae?e na?aae
ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo o ca’yceo c ?inoii e?eueeino? aaeeeeo
ieiae?a ? iaoieia?/ieo ?iae?a, a oaeiae i?ney iaeeaaeaiiy aeooa?nueeeo
ueioe?a oa ?ioeo aeooa?nueeeo iia?aoe?e [A.E.E?aniiiieuenueeee ?
ni?aaao., 1997, N.I.Aoyiiaa ? ni?aaao., 1998]. I?ieain iaoee ? no?iie
i?oae, ia??aeei, ? i?e/eiith oei/aniai? ? no?eei? ao?aoe
i?aoeacaeaoiino?, naenoaeueieo ?iceaae?a ? ii?ooaiue ae?oi?iaeii?
ooieoe??, a oaeiae noathoue i?e/eiith ineo?/ieo no?aaeaeaiue. Iiouaiiy
oa aeiaae?iiy aai?oae?e ni?eythoue ii?ooaiith e?iaiia?ao a iaeiio oac?,
i?ecaiaeyoue aei, oae caaiiai, aaiiciiai canoith, aiane?aeie /iai
ci?ith?oueny nae?aoi?ia ooieoe?y, ?eoi iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo a noi?iio
iiaeiaaeaiiy iaino?oaoe?e ? c?inoaiiy e?eueeino? e?ia?, ui ao?a/a?oueny
(aeia?iie?iaii?ay), cieaeo?oueny caeaoi?noue aei ia?iaeaeaiiy ae?oae
[A.E.E?aniiiieuenueeee ? ni?aaao., 1993; J.P.Theofrastous et al., 1996],
ci?iththoueny cai?oaeuei? aeanoeaino? e?ia? c oaiaeaioe??th aei
o?iiaiooai?aiiy, ii?ooothoueny ooieoe?? ie?ie oa na/iaea?aeieo oeyo?a
[A.A.Eai, 1986; O.E.Neaaaoaae/, 1986; J.S.Spence et al., 1994; R.Rourier
at al., 1998].

Iaea?eueo /anoei oneeaaeiaiiyi iiouaiiy oa aeiaae?iiy no?iie i?oae oa
iaoee ? iao?eiaiiy na/? i?e iai?oaeaii?: ?o /anoioa aeinyaa? 17-80%
[O.E.Neaaaoaae/, 1986; B.Blanc, 1985; H.Kolble, P.Riss, 1988;
R.J.Scotti, 1994; A.F.Hall et al., 1996]. Oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i?
aca?iia?aeiioaiiy noaoaaeo i?aai?a ci?iththoueny ? aeeeeeathoue
ii?ooaiiy naenoaeueii? ooieoe?? o ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo
[A.N.Aaneeue/aiei, 1990; A.E.E?aniiiieuenueeee ? ni?aaao., 1993].
Iniiaiei iaoiaeii e?eoaaiiy aeaii? iaoieia?? ? iia?aoeaia ao?o/aiiy.
Iaeiae /anoioa ?aoeeaeea?a aeinyaa? 65-75% [N.I.Aoyiiaa ? ni?aaao.,
1998; Diana M. Adams et al., 1989].

O?aaa a?aecia/eoe, ui ?ioiiee noaoon oai?eo, ieoaiiy e?eoaaiiy ?
?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo aei- ? i?ney ieanoe/ieo
iia?aoe?e ia ieaeiueiio a?aeae?e? aai?oae?e iaaeinoaoiuei aea/ai?. E??i
oiai, ia aecia/ai? iieacieee e?iaiiaiiaiaiiy i’yc?a i?iiaaeeie
(?aiaacia?ao?y) i?e iiouaii? ? aeiaae?ii? no?iie i?oae ? iaoee.

A?aoiaoth/e aeacai? aeua aeai?, aeieea? iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy
iaoiae?a iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy, i?io?eaeoeee ?aoeeaeea?a, a oaeiae
aoaeoeaieo iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo iiaoaiieo ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, ye?
aeicaieyoue i?enei?eoe iaeoaeaiiy oai?eo ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo,
iia?iaaieo c i?eaiaeo iiouaiiy ? aeiaae?iiy aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a.

Ca’ycie aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? ?2
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaee/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (caa.eaoaae?ith
caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee oa oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie, i?io. I.A.Aiaaeaoe?i), ia
aac? a?iaeieia?/iiai a?aeae?eaiiy Oa?e?anueei? iaeanii? ee?i?/ii?
e?ea?i? a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio eiiieaenii? IAe? OAeIO, eaoaae?e
aeooa?noaa ? a?iaeieia?? ?2 (? Ae? 1980002622).

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoa ?iaioe: oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a iia?aoeaieo ao?o/aiue,
i?io?eaeoe/ieo ? iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo iiaoaiieo ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a,
ni?yiiaaieo ia a?aeiiaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue i’yc?a oaciaiai
aeia, a oaeiae ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo ? naenoaeueieo ii?ooaiue o ae?iie
ae?oi?iaeiiai a?eo i?ney ieanoe/ieo iia?aoe?e c i?eaiaeo iiouaiiy ?
aeiaae?iiy aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe aoee aenoioo? oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe ao?ieia?th iiouaiiy ? aeiaae?iiy aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo
i?aai?a o ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo.

2. Aeine?aeeoe ?ioiiee noaoon niinoa?aaeaieo a?oi ae?iie, o?aoiaoth/e
o?eaae?noue caoai?thaaiiy.

3. I?iaanoe ?aiaacia?ao?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy c iaoith aea/aiiy e?iaiia?ao
i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia ? aoaeoeaiino? cai?iiiiiaaiiai e?eoaaiiy.

4. Oaeineiiaeaiiy iia?aoeaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy ae?iie
?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo c iiouaiiyi oa aeiaae?iiyi no?iie i?oae ? iaoee.

5. ?ic?iaeoe eiiieaenio iiaoaiio ?aaa?e?oaoe?th ae?iie aei- ? i?ney
iia?aoe?? c i?eaiaeo iiouaiiy ? aeiaae?iiy no?iie i?oae ? iaoee c
o?aooaaiiyi iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo caoiae?a e?eoaaiiy.

6. Aea/eoe iaeaeeae/? ? a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe o??o?a?/iiai e?eoaaiiy
? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a o ae?iie, iia?iaaieo c i?eaiaeo iiouaiiy ?
aeiaae?iiy no?iie i?oae ? iaoee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Ia i?aenoaa? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue:

1. ?ic?iaeaii oaeoeeo e?eoaaiiy ? iiaoaiii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?iie
?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi no?iie i?oae ? iaoee o
aei- ? i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae?, yea ni?yiiaaia ia a?aeiiaeaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?ooaiue i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia c canoinoaaiiyi
iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy (aiaeii?oaiaee a?a?iianaae,
eieaeueia aaaeii?iaeueia aeaeiii?an?y, ia?ai?iia iaai?oi-,
eaca?ioa?ai?y, a?iioa?i?y, e?eoaaeueia a?iianoeea), aecia/aii
iioeiaeueiee ?aaeei e?eoaaiiy oai?eo c a?aooaaiiyi iieacaiue ?
i?ioeiieacaiue eiai canoinoaaiiy.

2. C’yniaaii aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy ca aeiiiiiaith ?aiaacia?ao?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy e?iaiia?ao i’yc?a i?iiaaeeie aei- ? i?ney iia?aoe??.

3. Oaeineiiaeaii iia?aoeai? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai
a?eo c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a c iae?eii
aiae?co iiia?aaei?o iia?aoe?e, a?eo oai?eo ? nooiaiy iiouaiiy ?
aeiaae?iiy.

4. Aea/ai? ?ioiieo noaoon ae?iie c iiouaiiyi oa a?iaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o
aai?oae?e.

5. Aea/ai? iaeaeeae/? oa a?aeaeaeai? ?acoeueoaoe iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy
? iiaoaiii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo noiniaii iiouaiiy oa aeiaae?iiy
aioo??oi?o aai?oae?e.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeathoue iiaeeea?noue ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe
caeeaaeai ioi?iie caei?ia’y Oe?a?ie ? Eiiai-A?acaa?eue oe?iea
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaeineiiaeaiiai iaie iaoiaeo iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy ?
eiiieaenii? iiaoaiii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? c canoinoaaiiyi iaiaaeeeaiaioicii?
oa?ai?? (e?eoaaeueia a?iianoeea, aiaeii?oaiaee a?a?iianaae, eieaeueia
aaaeii?iaeueia aeaeiii?an?y, iaai?oi- ? eaca?ioa?ai?y, a?iioa?i?y).
I?iiiiiaaiee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy iie?ioo? e?iaiia?a i?aai?a iaeiai oaco,
noeioeth? ooieoe?th y?/iee?a, ia? i?ioecaiaeueio oa ciaaiethth/o ae?th,
ui ni?ey? a?eueo oaeaeeiio a?aeiiaeaiith ii?ooaii? ?ai?iaeoeoeaii?
ooieoe??.

Iiaoaiia ?aaa?e?oaoe?y ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai a?eo aei- ? i?ney
ieanoe/ieo iia?aoe?e cieaeo? aeo?aoe ia e?eoaaiiy, ciaioo? o?eaae?noue
ia?aaoaaiiy ae?iie o noaoe?iia?? a 2 ?ace ? iiaea canoiniaoaaoeny a
aiaoeaoi?ieo oiiaao.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Aaoi?ii naiino?eii aecia/aia oaia ?iaioe, iaa?oioiaai? iaoa oa ??
caaaeaiiy, i?iaiae?ciaai? aeaea?aea e?oa?aoo?e ii aeai?e i?iaeai?,
aeei?enoai? ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaeai? iaoiaeeee
?aiaacia?ao?? e?iaiia?ao i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia, a?iioa?i??, oaeineiiaeaia
iaoiaeeea ieanoe/ieo iia?aoe?e ? aaio?io?enaoe?? eoeueo? oeeee iaoee /e
e?oaeeo ca’ycie iaoee aei aiiiaa?ico ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? no?iee
cai/a?aaeiii i?e iiouaii? ? aeiaae?ii? aioo??oi?o aai?oae?e.
Oaeineiiaeaii iaoiaee ?aaa?e?oaoe?? oai?eo aei- ? i?ney iia?aoe??.
Ocaaaeueiaii io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe, noi?ioeueiaai? aeniiaee ? aeai?
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? “No?aoaaey e oaeoeea ai?ueau n eioaeoeeiiiuie
caaieaaaieyie”, 27-29 aeiaoiy 1998 ?. (Oa?e?a, 1998), ia can?aeaii?
Oa?e?anueeiai iaaee/iiai iaoeiaiai oiaa?enoaa aeooa??a-a?iaeieia?a o
1998 ?., XII i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?eiaiaiea
eaca?ia a iaaeeoeeia e aeieiaee” 20-23 ea?oiy 1999 ?. (Oa?e?a, 1999),
neiiic?oi? c i?aeia?iaeiith o/anoth “Aanieiaeea: aniiiiaaoaeueiua
?ai?iaeoeoeaiua oaoiieiaee 2000” 27-29 o?aaiy 1999 (Ee?a, 1999).

Ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 5 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, ye? oe?eeii
a?aeia?aaeathoue ?? ai?no. O aeo?iaeao, ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo AAE Oe?a?ie,
iaae?oeiaaii 4 noaoo?.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

?iaioo aeeeaaeaii ia 154 noi??ieao iaoeiiieno, aiia neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e (aea? aeaae), 5 ?icae?e?a aeanieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeth/aiiy, aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e,
e?oa?aoo?iiai iieaae/eea, ui ai?uo? 115 a?o/eciyieo ? 93 ?iicaiieo
aeaea?aea. ?iaioo ?ethno?iaaii 24 oaaeeoeyie ? 19 iaethieaie.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia??iae 1996-1999 ??. o a?iaeieia?/iiio a?aeae?eaii? iaeanii?
ee?i?/ii? e?ea?i? i. Oa?eiaa ciaoiaeeeiny ia e?eoaaii? 105 ae?iie a?eii
a?ae 20 aei 45 ?ie?a c ??ciei nooiaiai iiouaiiy ? aeiaae?iiy no?iie
i?oae ? iaoee. On? oai?? aoee iia?iaai?. Aeey ae??oaiiy iinoaaeaieo o
?iaio? caaea/ on? 105 ianoaaeaieo iaie ae?iie ?iciiae?eai? ia aea?
ee?i?/i? a?oie. Ia?oo neeaee 85 ae?iie ye?, e??i o?aaeeoe?eiiai io?eiaee
e?eoaaiiy ? ?aaa?e?oaoe?th ca iaoith iaoiaeeeith (iiaoaiia
?aaa?e?oaoe?y aei- ? i?ney iia?aoe??) – iniiaia a?oia. Ae?oaa a?oia
(eiio?ieueia a?oia) – 20 ae?iie, ui io?eiaee o i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio
ia??iae? o?aaeeoe?eio oa?ai?th. Aeiaeaoeiai ianoaaeai? 10 caei?iaeo
ae?iie (aac i?ieyino).

Oaaeeoey 1

A?eiaee neeaae ianoaaeaieo ae?iie.

A?oia A?e oai?eoAnueiaioai?eo20-25

?ie?a26-30

?ie?a31-35

?ie?a36-40

?ie?a41-45

?ie?aa a?oi?Iniiaia3816312785Eiio?ieueia1357420

AE?iie c iiouaiiyi no?iie i?oae aoei 37 (iniiaia a?oia -28, eiio?ieueia
a?oia – 9)), c iiouaiiyi no?iie i?oae oa o?a?ii?iiith iaoee — 42
(iniiaia a?oia – 36, eiio?ieueia – 6), c iiouaiiyi no?iie i?oae ?
aeiiaaoe??th oeeee iaoee – 20 (iniiaia a?oia – 15, eiio?ieueia – 5), c
iiaiei aeiaae?iiyi no?iie i?oae oa iaoee — 3 (iniiaia a?oia), c
iiouaiiyi no?iie i?oae oa ?aeoiaaa?iaeueieie naeuaie – 3 (iniiaia
a?oiia).

I?iaiaeeeenue ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?i? ? ?ioiieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy –
aecia/aee ?ioiiaeiaoe?ie A, I ? G, oee?eoethth/? ?ioii? eiiieaene
(Oe?E), ee?oeiiee ?ioi?oao; ?aiaacia?ao?y i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia aei
iia?aoe??, a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae?, i?ney e?eoaaiiy ?
?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, a oaeiae a?noieia?/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeaeaeaieo i?ae /an iia?aoe?? oeaiei. Aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino?
iia?aoeaiiai e?eoaaiiy oa ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?iie ie aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiae
oaieiaa/aiiy oeyoii ianoaaeaiiy ae?iie ia oaieia?ci?? “?oaei-IO”.

C iaoith e?eoaaiiy ? iiaoaiii? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?iie ?ai?iaeoeoeaiiai
a?eo c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi no?iie i?oae oa iaoee a
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? canoinoaaee: e?eoaaeueio a?iianoeeo (3
eiiieaene ai?aa – aei iia?aoe??, i?ney iia?aoe?? a noaoe?iia?? oa i?ney
aeienee ia aeiio), aiaeiaaa?iaeueiee a?a?iianaae (ianaae no?iie i?oae oa
i?iiaaeeie o?eaae?noth a?ae 10 aei 20 oaee – 8-10 naain?a), eieaeueio
aaaeii?iaeueio aeaeiii?an?th ia iec aeeaioa (aacia?a?aiee ?aaeei c
?ic??aeaeaiiyi 0,15-0,2 ea/ni2 ia i?ioyc? 10-30 oaeeei eo?nii a 12-15
aei?a), iaai?oi- ? eaca?ioa?ai?th (ii?ii?iaiiy ii 5 oaeeei ia i?ioyc?
5-8 aei?a), a?iioa?i?th (oaiia?aoo?a +10iN ia i?ioyc? 10-20 oaeeei –
8-10 naain?a).

Ee?i?ei-eaai?aoi?i? aeai?, io?eiai? i?e ianoaaeaii? ae?iie, i?aeeyaaee
noaoenoe/i?e ia?iaoe? c ia/eneaiiyi na?aaei?o aaee/ei ? iiieeie (I±m),
iieacieea a??ia?aeiino? ??cieoeue (?). ??cieoe? aeciaaaeeny a??ia?aeieie
i?e ?<0,05 ca iaoiaeii Nouethaeaioa-O?oa?a [Aaeee I., 1964]. O ianoaaeaieo iaie oai?eo ae?iie (105) i?iaiaeeeenue 2 aeaee iia?aoe?e: 1. I?oaia? iia?aoe??: a) ieanoeea no?iie i?oae, ci?oeiaiiy oanoe?? ? no?ieoa?a na/iaiai i?oo?a, eaaaoi?iieanoeea (iniiaia a?oia - 6, eiio?ieueia - 2), a) ci?oeiaiiy oanoe?? na/iaiai i?oo?a, oi?ioaaiiy no?ieoa?a aiona, ieanoeee no?iie i?oae, eaaaoi?iieanoeea (iniiaia a?oia - 3) a) aiiooaoe?y oeeee iaee, ieanoeea no?iie i?oae (iniiaia a?oia - 15, eiio?ieueia - 5). 2. Eiia?iiaai? iia?aoe??: a) ieanoeea no?iie i?oae ? eaia?aoii?y c cai/a?aaeiiith o?enaoe??th e?oaeeo ca’ycie iaoee aei aiiiaa?ico ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? no?iee (iniiaia a?oia - 36, eiio?ieueia - 6) a) ieanoeea no?iie i?oae ? eaia?ioii?y c cai/a?aaiith o?enaoe??th eoeueo? oeeee iaoee aei aiiiaa?ico ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? no?iee (iniiaia a?oia - 25, eiio?ieueia - 7). O ae?iie ae?oi?iaeiiai a?eo c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a canoiniaoaaeeny i?oaia? ? eiia?iiaai? ieanoe/i? iia?aoe?? o iaoeo iiaeeo?eaoe?yo. I?e iiouaii? aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a i?iaiaeeeenue i?oaia? ieanoe/i? iia?aoe?? - ieanoeea no?iie i?oae, ci?oeiaiiy oanoe?? ? no?ieoa?a na/iaiai i?oo?a eai?iiiaeie e?aaoo?aie (3). Eaaaoi?iieanoeea i?aee??iethaaeanue eai?iiiaeie e?aaoo?aie (3). I?e aeiaae?ii? aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a iia?aoe?y i?iaiaeeeanue o aeaa aoaie. Ia?oee aoai – ieanoeea no?iie i?oae, ci?oeiaiiy oanoe?? ? no?ieoa?a na/iaiai i?oo?a ? eaaaoi?iieanoeea. Ae?oaee aoai – aaaeii?iaeueiee. I?ney ?icoeio /a?aaii? ii?iaeieie oa iaaei?oaiai? aiiooaoe?? iaoee ii cae/aei?e iaoiaeeoe? eoeueoy oeeee iaoee oi?ioaaeanue ie?aieie eaoaooiaeie e?aaoo?aie, a iio?i ca aeiiiiiaith aeaio eai?iiiaeo e?aaoo? o?enoaaeanue aei aiiiaa?ico ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? no?iee cai/a?aaeiii ca ?aooiie eenoe?a oe?ieeo ? e?oaeeo ca’ycie iaoee oa i?eno?ii/ii? i/a?aaeie. I?e caa?aaeaii? o?ea iaoee canoiniaoaaeanue cai/a?aaeiia o?enaoe?y e?oaeeo ca’ycie aeaiia eai?iiiaeie e?aaoo?aie aei aiiiaa?ico ia?aaeiuei? /a?aaii? no?iee, ca ?aooiie ia???oaeueii? i/a?aaeie. Oaeei /eiii, ianoaaeai? ae?iee a?aeiia?aeieo a?oi io?eiaee iia?aoeaia e?eoaaiiy o aeaeyae? i?oaiaeo ? eiia?iiaaieo ieanoe/ieo iia?aoe?e, ni?yiiaaieo ia a?aeiiaeaiiy ii?ooaieo oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/ieo aca?iia?aeiioaiue i?ae noaoaaeie ? non?aei?ie i?aaiaie oa onoiaiiy oaeoi??a, ui aieeaathoue ia oi?ioaaiiy i?ieaino aai?oae?e ? eiai oneeaaeiaiiy. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o iaaiai?aiiy ?aiaacia?ao?y i'yc?a oaciaiai aeia o ae?iie c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o aai?oae?e. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiai? oae? ?acoeueoaoe. Ca aeaieie ?aiaacia?ai o ae?iie (105) c i?ieainii aioo??oi?o aai?oae?e niinoa??aa?oueny aneiao?e/iee oa?aeoa? aiie?ooaee, ui aeyaeyeinue a?eueo iecueeeie oaeeyie o e?aiio a?aeaaaeaii?, i?ae o i?aaiio. Oi?ia o an?o /anoeiao oaee? aoea aeioeea. ?acoeueoaoe ?aiaacia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aaenoaaeai? ia iae.1 oa o oaaeeoe? 2. Iae.1. A – ?aiaacia?aia i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia oai?i? E., 41 ??e, ?no.oai?. ?459, 1998 ?., A – ?aiaacia?aia i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia caei?iai? ae?iee I., 36 ?ie?a, ?no.oai?. ?146, 1998 ?. O ae?iie c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a a?aei?/aii ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee oaee? c 0,36±0,003 Ii ni?aaa ? 0,35±0,002 Ii ce?aa aei 0,85±0,01 Ii ni?aaa e 0,72±0,01 Ii ce?aa (?<0,05) ? aneiao??y (ce?aa iaioa, i?ae ni?aaa). Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui ii?ooaia nei?ioeeaa ooieoe?y i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia ? i?iiaaeeie, oa ?o ia??aiii??iei nei?i/aiiyi. Ca aeaieie oaaeeoe? 2 a?aei?/aia oaiaeaioe?y aei ca?eueoaiiy o?eaaeino? aiae?ioe aei 0,22±0,02 nae ni?aaa ? eaoae?ioe aei 0,48±0,04 nae ce?aa, i?ioe 0,16±0,01 nae (aiae?ioa ni?aaa) oa 0,43±0,02 (eaoae?ioa ce?aa) o caei?iaeo ae?iie. Oea icia/a?, ui ii?ooai? i?eoie oa a?aeoie e?ia? aei i‘yc?a oaciaiai aeia ? i?iiaaeeie. I?e oeueiio niinoa??aa?oueny oaeiae ca?eueoaiiy o?eaaeino? oaee? 0,93±0,05 nae o ae?iie c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a i?ioe 0,79±0,01 nae o caei?iaeo ae?iie. Oaaeeoey 2 Na?aaei? ?aia?ao?/i? iieacieee i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia o ae?iie c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a aei iia?aoe?? Iieacieee ?aia?aieA?oia ae?iieAiie?ooaea oaee? (A) IiAiae?ioa (a) naeEaoae?ioa (e) naeO?eaae?noue oaee?, naeni?aaace?aani?aaace?aani?aaace?aaAE?iee c i?ieainii aai?oae?e (n=105) 0,85± 0,01* 0,72± 0,01* 0,22± 0,02* 0,20± 0,05 0,50± 0,06 0,48± 0,04* 0,93± 0,05*Caei?ia? ae?iee (n=10) 0,36± 0,0030,35± 0,0020,16± 0,010,15± 0,030,44± 0,010,43± 0,020,79± 0,01I?ei?oee: * - ??cieoe? noaoenoe/ii aeinoia??i? (p<0,05) o ii??aiyii? c? caei?iaeie ae?ieaie; aiae?ioa (a) – i?eoie e?ia? aei oaciaiai aeia oa i?iiaaeeie; Eaoae?ioa (e) – a?aeoie e?ia?; Aiie?ooaea oaee? – nei?i/aiiy i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia oa i?iiaaeeie I?e ii??aiyii? iieaciee?a ?aiaacia?aie o ae?iie c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a c ?aia?aiaie caei?iaeo ae?iie aeyaeai? /?oe? ci?ie aaiiaeeiai?ee i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia, ui aoee i?aeoaa?aeaeai? ? i?ae /an iia?aoe?? (aa?eeicia ?icoe?aiiy aai oaciaiai aeia). ?acoeueoaoe ?aia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? o ae?iie, ui io?eiaee e?eoaaiiy ca iaoith iaoiaeeeith, ? ae?iie, ui io?eiaee o?aaeeoe?eia e?eoaaiiy (eiio?ieueia a?oia) i?aaenoaaeai? ia iae.2 ? a oaaeeoe? 3. O ae?iie o i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? ?aiaacia?aie (iae.2) iathoue neiao?e/iee oa?aeoa?. O ae?iie, ui io?eiaee o i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? eiiieaen ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo caoiae?a, niinoa??aaeiny cieaeaiiy aiie?ooaee oaeeue, ye? iaaeeaeaeeny aei iieaciee?a caei?iaeo ae?iie, ia a?aei?io a?ae aiie?ooaee oaeeue o ae?iie, ui io?eiaee o?aaeeoe?eio oa?ai?th. O ae?iie, ui io?eiaee o?aaeeoe?eio oa?ai?th, a?aei?/aii ca?eueoaiiy aiie?ooaee oaee?. O ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie caa??aaeany aneiao??y i?ae e?aei oa i?aaei a?aeaaaeaiiyie. Aeai? oaaeeoe? 3 na?ae/aoue i?i iie?ioaiiy iieaciee?a ?aia?ao?? i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia o oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie: cieaeaiiy aieueoaaeo aiie?ooaee , /ano aieueoaaeo (aiae?ioe ? eaoae?ioe) ? o?eaaeino? oaee?. Iae.2 A – ?aiaacia?aia oai?i? E., 41 ??e, ?no.oai?. ?459, 1998 a. (iniiaia a?oia), ui io?eiaea a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? eiiieaenio ?aaa?e?oaoe?th, A – ?aiaacia?aia oai?i? I., 43 ?iee, ?no.oai?. ?2034, 1997, ui io?eiaea a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? o?aaeeoe?eia e?eoaaiiy (eiio?ieueia a?oia). Oaaeeoey 3 Na?aaei? ?aia?ao?/i? iieacieee i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia o ae?iie c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a i?ney iia?aoe?? Iieacieee ?aia?aieA?oia ae?iieAiie?ooaea oaee? (A) IiAiae?ioa (a) naeEaoae?ioa (e)naeO?eaae?noue oaee?, naeNi?aaace?aani?aaace?aani?aaace?aaIniiaia (n=85)0,500± 0,004*0,470± 0,006*0,16± 0,010,15± 0,030,44± 0,040,43± 0,020,80± 0,01*Eiio?ieueia (n=20)0,740± 0,0060,680± 0,0040,20± 0,040,18± 0,060,47± 0,010,46± 0,020,85± 0,03I?ei?oee: * - ??cieoe? noaoenoe/ii a??ia?aei? (p<0,05) o ii??aiyii? c ae?ieaie eiio?ieueii? a?oie; aiae?ioa (a) – i?eoie e?ia? aei oaciaiai aeia oa i?iiaaeeie; eaoae?ioa (e) – a?aeoie e?ia?; aiie?ooaea oaee? – nei?i/aiiy i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia oa i?iiaaeeie O ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie a?aei?/aii /?oea cieaeaiiy iieaciee?a aiie?ooaee oaeeue, iaaeeaeaiiy ?o aei ii?ie 0,500±0,004 Ii o i?aaiio a?aeaaaeaii? ? 0,470±0,06 o e?aiio a?aeaaaeaii?, i?ioe 0,740±0,006 o i?aaiio ? 0,680±0,004 o e?aiio a?aeaaaeaiiyo o ae?iie, ui io?eiaee o?aaeeoe?eia e?eoaaiiy (?<0,05). Aiae?ioa ? eaoae?ioa o an?o a?aeaaaeaiiyo o ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie ia a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae caei?iaeo – a?aeiia?aeii, 0,16±0,01 nae ? 0,44±0,04 nae i?ioe 0,20±0,04 ? 0,47±0,01 nae o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi?. O ae?iie eiio?ieueii? a?oie o?eaae?noue oaee? oi/a ? cieceeany aei 0,85±0,03 nae, aea ana ae oaee caeeoeeany cia/ii aeuith, i?ae o?eaae?noue oaee? o ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie 0,80±0,01 nae. O 41 (91%) c 45 ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie aeyaeai? ?aia?ao?/i? iciaee ii?iae?caoe?? aaiiaeeiai?ee, o oie /an ye o eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? oaee iciaee aaeaeiny eiinoaooaaoe eeoa o 3 (15%) c 20 ae?iie. O oe?eiio ?acoeueoaoe ?aia?ao?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue e?iaiia?ao i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia ? i?iiaaeeie ae?iie c aeiaae?iiyi ? iiouaiiyi aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a na?ae/aoue i?i cia/ia ii?ooaiiy aaiiaeeiai?ee a?aeiia?aeieo iaeanoae. Canoinoaaiiy eiiieaeno iaiaaeeeaiaioicieo ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a cia/ii iie?ioo? aaiiaeeiai?eo i’yc?a oaciaiai aeia, aeicaiey? o a?eueo ei?ioeee no?ie a?aeiiaeoe ?o ooieoe?th, ui na?ae/eoue i?i aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaiiai eiiieaeniiai e?eoaaiiy aei- ? i?ney iia?aoe?? c i?eaiaeo iiouaiiy ? aeiaae?iiy aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?ioiiiai noaoono ae?iie c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a. ?acoeueoaoe ?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ae?iie aei iia?aoe?? iiaeai? o oaaeeoe? 4. Oaaeeoey 4 Na?aaei? iieacieee ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a ? oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ae?iie c i?ieainii aai?oae?e. A?oia ae?iieIgA (a/e) M±mIgM (a/e) M±mIgG (a/e) M±mOe?E M±mAE?iee c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o aai?oae?e (105)6,8±1,8 p<0,055,8±0,2 p<0,0514,1±0,3 p<0,0594,5±2,5 p<0,05Caei?ia? ae?iee (10)3,04±0,14,7±0,39,6±0,785±2,7I?ei?oee: caei?ia? ae?iee (10) ianoaaeai? aeey ii??aiyiiy c ae?ieaie c Iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o aai?oae?e O ae?iie c i?ieainii aai?oae?e anoaiiaeaii i?aeaeuaiiy on?o o?aeoe?e ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a. Oae, eiioeaio?aoe?y ?ioiiaeiaoe?io A neeaaeaea 6,8±1,8 a/e i?ioe 3,04±0,1 a/e o caei?iaeo ae?iie (? < 0,01). O?aeoe?y ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a I oaeiae i?aeaeuaia aei 5,8±0,2 a/e i?ioe 4,4±0,3 a/e o caei?iaeo ae?iie (?<0,01). Iaea?eueo cia/ia ca?eueoaiiy ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a eeano G 14,1±0,3 a/e i?ioe 9,6±0,7 a/e (?<0,01). I?aeaeuaiiy eiioeaio?aoe?? ne?iaaoeiaeo ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a eeano A, I ? G na?ae/aoue i?i iai?oaeaiiy caoenieo iaoai?ci?a ae?iie c iiouaiiyi oa aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o aai?oae?e. Uiaei ??aiy oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ae?iie c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a, oi ?o e?euee?noue aoea ca?eueoaia aei 94,5±2,5 i?ioe 85,0±2,7 o caei?iaeo ae?iie (?<0,05). ?acoeueoaoe ?ioiieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue o i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? o ae?iie, ui io?eiaee e?eoaaiiy ca iaoei iaoiaeii (iniiaia a?oia) ? ae?iie, ui io?eiaee o?aaeeoe?eia e?eoaaiiy (eiio?ieueia a?oia), iaaeai? o oaae.5. O ae?iie eiio?ieueii? a?oi? ??aaiue ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a eeana A oi/ ? cieceany aei 5,9±1,2 a/e, aea ana ae caeeoeany cia/ii aeuei, i?ae o ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie 3,6±0,9 a/e (?<0,01). Oaea naia a?aeiioaiiy a?aei?/aeiny ? o ??ai? ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a I ? G. Oae, o iniiaii? a?oie, ??aaiue IgM 4,6±0,2 a/e i?ioe 5,2±0,1 a/e o eiio?ieuei?e a?oie (?<0,05). Oaeei /eiii, ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue na?ae/aoue, ui o ae?iie, ye? io?eiaee o i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? eiiieaen ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo caoiae?a, a?aeiiaeththoueny a?aeiioaiiy ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a A,I ? G. Oei /anii, ye o ae?iie, ui io?eiaee o?aaeeoe?eio oa?ai?th, aeeiai?ea aoea iaio ae?aaeaia. Oaaeeoey 5 Na?aaei? iieacieee ?ioiiaeiaoe?i?a ? oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a o ne?iaaooe? e?ia? ae?iie, iia?iaaieo c i?eaiaeo iiouaiiy ? aeiaae?iiy aai?oae?e, ui io?eiaee ?aaa?e?oaoe?eio iaiaaeeeaiaioicio oa?ai?th. A?oia ae?iieIgA (a/e) M±mIgM (a/e) M±mIgG (a/e) M±mOe?E M±mIniiaia (85)3,6±0,9 p<0,014,6±0,2 p<0,019,9±0,3 p<0,0186,9±2,9 p<0,05Eiio?ieueia (20)5,9±1,15,2±0,113,7±0,191,4±0,3 Aeine?aeaeaiiy ai?noo Oe?E iieacaei cia/ia cieaeaiiy ?o eiioeaio?aoe?? o ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie – 86,9±2,9. A a?oi? ae?iie, ui io?eiaee o?aaeeoe?eio oa?ai?th, aoea eeoa oaiaeaioe?y aei cieaeaiiy oee?eoethth/eo ?ioiieo eiiieaen?a – 91,4±0,3. I/aaeaeii, ci?ia ?ioii?acenoaioiino? i?aai?cio ae?iie c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a ? cia/iei iaoiaaiaoe/iei iaoai?ciii o ?icaeoeo oe??? iaoieia??. A ?acoeueoao? a?noieia?/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue aeeo/aieo eeaio?a neeciai? no?iee i?oae anoaiiaeaii, ui o ae?iie c o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy aei 10 ?ie?a ia? i?noea iii??iee i?io?a?ic, ao?io?/i? ci?ie niieo/ii? oeaieie, a o ae?iie c o?eaae?noth caoai?thaaiiy a?eueoa 10 ?ie?a aeyaeaii aaaaoi a?oaiaieieienoi? niieo/ii? oeaieie, neea?ic, a?ae?iic oa ??cea ao?io?y i’yciaeo aieieii. Iia?aoeaia e?eoaaiiy ae?iie c iiouaiiyi ? aeiaae?iiyi aioo??oi?o aai?oae?e ca iaoith iaoiaeeeith aeicaieeei a?aeiiaeoe ii?ooai? oiiia?aoi-aiaoii?/i? aca?iia?aeiineie i?ae eoeueoath oeeee iaoee aai o?eii iaoee ? non?aei?ie i?aaiaie, caaacia/eoe i?io?eaeoeeo ?aoeeaeea?a iiouaiiy oa aeiaae?iiy aioo??oi?o noaoaaeo i?aai?a, onoiooe oneeaaeiaiiy c aieo eeoa/ieea, a naia eiai cauaieaiiy. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie oa?iia?ao?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iaeano? i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ?oaoey ? a?ey?oaoe?ai? ae?eyiee ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo oaieiaa/aiiy, ia oa?iia?aiao oai?eo iniiaii? a?oie aecia/aeenue iacia/i? ae?eyiee i?aeaeuaiiai na?/aiiy. A oie /an ye o oai?eo eiio?ieueii? a?oie ciaeaeaia cia/ia e?euee?noue ae?eyiie i?aeaeuaiiai na?/aiiy ??ciiiai?oii? oi?ie oa ?ioaineaiino? ? i?aeaeuaii? /ooeeaino? caiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o. Eaoaiianoe/i? iieacieee na?aae ae?iie, iia?iaaieo c i?eaiaeo iiouaiiy ? aeiaae?iiy aai?oae?e, ui io?eiaee iaiaaeeeaiaioicio oa?ai?th. Eaoaiianoe/i? aeai? ioe?ithaaeenue ca noa’?eoeaiei a?ae/oooyi (caaaeueia naiiii/oooy, aieueiaee neiae?ii) oa ooieoe?iiaeueiei noaiii noaoaai? noa?e (nae?aoi?ia, iaino?oaeueia, ?ai?iaeoeoeaia, naenoaeueia), iai?aoeacaeaoi?noue. ?acoeueoaoe ianoaaeaieo ae?iie a?aoiaoaaeenue /a?ac 3 ? 6 i?nyoe?a i?ney i?iaaaeaiiai eo?no e?eoaaiiy. I?iaaaeaia iaie iaiaaeeeaiaioicia oa?ai?y aeeth/aea a?iioa?i?th, iaai?oi- oa eaca?ioa?ai?th, a?a?iianaae, eieaeueio aeaeiii?an?th ? eiiieaen o?ce/ieo ai?aa e?eoaaeueii? a?iianoeee, ni?yiiaaieo ia oe??ieaiiy neaeaoieo i’yc?a oa i?aeaeuaiiy oiiono i?aai?cio, iie?ioaiiy ae?ao?aaiaeueiiai aeeoaiiy, ii?iae?caoe?th aaeueiiaeo oa caoaeeeaeo i?ioean?a, iie?ioaiiy e?iaiia?ao, oe??ieaiiy i’yc?a i/a?aaiiai i?ano, ieneiaiai aeia oa i?iiaaeeie, iiia?aaeaeaiiy ?oaoe?a oa niaeie, cano?eieo yaeu a eaaaiyo. Ca iaoeie aeaieie aiaeiaaa?iaeueiee a?a?iianaae, eieaeueia /a?aaiino?ii/ia aeaeiii?an?y, a?iioa?i?y, iaai?oioa?ai?y ? e?eoaaeuei? ai?aae ni?aaeythoue ae?aaeaio e?eoaaeueio ae?th o i?ioean? ?aaa?e?oaoe?? ae?iie ae?oi?iaeiiai a?eo, iia?iaaieo c i?eaiaeo iiouaiiy ? aeiaae?iiy aioo??oi?o aai?oae?e, aeoeaothoue e?iaiia?a i?aai?a iaeiai oaco, ii?iae?cothoue ooieoe?th y?/iee?a ? iaino?oaeueiee oeeee, iathoue i?ioecaiaeueio ? ciaaiethth/o ae?th, ui noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iiceoeaiei ee?i?/iei aoaeoii o 92,3% aeiaaee?a, ? na?ae/eoue i?i aenieo aoaeoeai?noue iaiaaeeeaiaioicii? oa?ai?? (Iae.3). Na?aaei?e e?aeei-aeaiue o iniiaii? a?oie – 91 ae?a, a a eiio?ieuei?e – 112 ae?a. A?aeiiaeaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? o 73-(86%) ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie niinoa??aaee /a?ac 2,5 i?nyoe?, a o 80% ae?iie eiio?ieueii? a?oie – /a?ac 4-5 i?nyoe?a. Oai?? iniiaii? a?oie, o yeeo ?ai?oa aoa ii?ooaiee ?eoi iaino?oaoe??, aeacaee ia a?aeiiaeaiiy iaino?oaeueiiai oeeeeo ca 4-5 i?nyoe?a i?ney e?eoaaiiy. A?aeiiaeaiiy noaoaaiai ?eoio, ao?a/aiiai i?aacio ? ii?iae?caoe?y naenoaeueii? ooieoe?? ianooiaee o ae?iie iniiaii? a?oie ca 5-6 i?nyoe?a, a a eiio?ieuei?e a?oi? a?aeiiaeaiiy ii?ooaieo ooieoe?e ianooiaei a?eueoa, i?ae /a?ac 6 i?nyoe?a. wmetafile8? ??e?? ?-???????? ???????yyy???????????? HI (iniiaia) a?oia II (eiio?ieueia) a?oia wmetafile8? ??W??????????? ???????yyy???????????? 

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