OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OAeE 130.2

AAOAEI Oaoyia ?aaai?aia

IIOIEIA?ss IAIOAEUeIINO?:

O?EINIONUeEI-EOEUeOO?IEII*IEE AIAE?C

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 09.00.04 — «O?einionueea aio?iiieia?y

oa o?einio?y eoeueoo?e»

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio aeiiii?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe, aeioeaio

A?eee ss?ineaa Ieoaeeiae/

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e oai??? eoeueoo?e ? o?einio?? iaoee

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? o?einionueeeo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aey/aiei Ieeiea Aaneeueiae/,

Oa?e?anueea aeaaeai?y eoeueoo?e,

caa. eaoaae?ith o?einio?? oa iie?oieia??

eaiaeeaeao o?einionueeeo iaoe

Eie?ni?eia Ieoaeei Iao?iae/

Iaoe?iiaeueia th?eaee/ia aeaaeai?y

?i. ss?ineaaa Ioae?iai,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e o?einio??

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iaaeaaia?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?i. A.N. Neiai?iaee,

eaoaae?a o?einio??, I?i?noa?noai
ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “3” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?ieo i 15.15 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee, oeo? Ae 64.051.06 o
Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310077, i. Oa?e?a,
ie. Naiaiaee, 4.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o Oeaio?aeuei?e iaoeia?e
a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith:
310077, i. Oa?e?a, ie. Naiaiaee, 4.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “30” aa?aniy 1999 p.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Noa?iaieo A.N.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Inoaii?i /anii i?iaeaie
iaioaeueiino? aeeeeeathoue i?aeaeuaiee ?ioa?an ye o no/ani?e o?einio??
oa eoeueoo?ieia??, oae ? a ?noi???, iie?oieia??, ineoieia??,
ioae?oeenoeoe? oa iie?oeoe?.

Iaeiae aeey o?einio?? eoeueoo?e iiiyooy “iaioaeuei?noue” iiaiith i??ith
iiaeia aaaaeaoe aaea o?aaeeoe?eiei, aaeaea /an eiai iiyae a neeaae?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?ino?oiaioa??th no/anii? o?einio?? ia iaaaaaoi
iinooia?oueny /ano iiyae oa aeanii? ooiaeaoe?? o?einio?? eoeueoo?e ye
ie?aii? iaoeiai? aeenoeeie?ie.

O?aaeeoe?y iaioaeueiiai iaeaaeeoue aei noeoiiino? iaea?eueo a?oioiaieo
? ooiaeaiaioaeueieo eoeueoo?ieo o?aaeeoe?e. ?iaeoa eaaeo/e, nooo?a?
ci?ie a oe?e noa?? aeooiaiiai aeeooy noni?euenoaa iaia’yceiai
ia?aaeaa/athoue ye?ni? ci?ie o an?o aecia/aeueieo oa?aeoa?enoeeao
oeea?e?caoe??.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, aeooaeuei?noue o?einionueeiai ? eoeueoo?ieia?/iiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaioaeueiino? a ia?oo /a?ao iaoiiaeth?oueny oaeeie
/eiieeaie:

i?ioeanaie naiiona?aeiieaiiy ethaeeiith naaa ye noa’?eoa aeooiaii?
ae?yeueiino? oa eoeueoo?ioai?/ino?, ui iino?eii a?aeaoaathoueny;

iio?aaaie ae?aeiao i?ae ??cieie eoeueoo?aie, a oaeiae, o ca’yceo c
oeei, iaiao?aei?noth aeyaeoe ? iiynieoe iaoiaeieia?/ia i?aea?oioy oaeiai
i?ioeano;

iaiao?aei?noth inieneaiiy aaaaoueio aaaeeeaeo iniaeeainoae no?oeoo?e
aeooiaiino?;

iaoiaeieia?/ieie i?iaeaiaie ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?iiai i?ioeano.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Oaia ? ci?no
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeiia?aeathoue oai? aea?aeathaeaeaoii?
iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe eaoaae?e o?einio?? oa iie?oieia??
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
“Nioe?aeueii-o?einionuee? i?iaeaie ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa” oa aoiaeyoue
aei ?anioae?eainueei? i?ia?aie ? 64 “Eeaneea, iiaea?i, iinoiiaea?i a
o?einio??, iaooe? ? eoeueoo??: i?iaeaia aeooiaiino? ia ceai?
oeny/ie?ooy”.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iacaaaeath/e ia oa, ui
iiiyooy “iaioaeuei?noue” aaea a?eueoa noa i’yoaeanyoe ?ie?a
aeei?enoiao?oueny a iiiyo?eii-eaoaai??aeuei?e nenoai? o?einionueeeo
ciaiue, a a o?einio?? eoeueoo?e – c /ano ooiaeaoe?? ?? ye ie?aii?
o?einionueei? aeenoeeie?ie. A yeino? iaeiiai c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iiiyoue,
aiii ua ia a iiai?e i??? aeine?aeaeaia.

Iiyniaiiy oaeiai nooiaiy ?ic?iaee iiiyooy “iaioaeuei?noue” iaiao?aeii
ooeaoe ianaiia?aae a ?noi??? oa oiiaao iiyae eiai a a?naiae?
o?einionueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae a iniaeeainoyo aaiethoe??
o?aaeeoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie iaioaeueiiai.

Iiiyooy “iaioaeuei?noue” aoei aia?oa aeei?enoaii ye o?einionueea aaea
aeineoue aeaaii. Aiii aoei cai?iiiiiaaii aia?eeainueeei o?einioii
?.Aia?niiii i?eaeecii a 40-50-o ??. OIX no. Aoaeo/e iine?aeiaieeii
o?einio?? o?ainoeaiaeaioae?cio, a?i, ye ? an? ?io? i?aaenoaaieee oeueiai
iai?yieo a o?einio??, aaaaeaa oeaio?aeueiith i?iaeaiith nai?? o?einio??
i?iaeaie aeooiaiino? ? ii?aeueiino?.

Iaeiae aia?nii?anueea o?aeooaaiiy iiiyooy “iaioaeuei?noue” iaei
ianaiia?aae i?noe/iee ci?no ? aeineoue iaei ni?eueiiai c iiaeaeueoei
eiai aeei?enoaiiyi a no/ani?e o?einionuee?e ? eoeueoo?ieia?/i?e
e?oa?aoo??. Oiio aeineoue aeiaaee /an o o?einio?? aiii ia
aeei?enoiaoaaeinue.

Ae?oaa iiaa?iaiiy a o?einio?th oeueiai iiiyooy a?aeaoeinue aaea
i?eaeecii a na?aaeei? OO noie?ooy, eiee aiii aoei a a?eueo?e i???
caiice/aii c eiioeaioe?e ?noi?ee?a ? ineoieia?a.

Caaaeueia aeciaiiy iiiyooy “iaioaeuei?noue” aoei aeinyaiooi a ia?oo
/a?ao caaaeyee aenieiio aaoi?eoaoo ? iiioey?iino? ?noi?e/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?aaenoaaiee?a “iiai? ?noi?e/ii? oeiee” (“oeiee
Aiiae?a”). A nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo I.Aeie, E.Oaa?, AE.Aetha?, AE.Ea Aioo
oa ?io? i?aaenoaaieee oeueiai iai?yieo aeei?enoiaoaaee iiiyooy
“iaioaeuei?noue” ye iaeia c oeaio?aeueieo a iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio
?ino?oiaioa??? nai?o aeine?aeaeaiue, ia?aaeaa/ath/e ?ioa?i?aoaoe?th
anana?oiueiai ?noi?e/iiai i?ioeano ianaiia?aae ye ?noi??th
iaioaeueiino?.

Ne?ae oaeiae cacia/eoe, ui i?aoe? i?aeoe/ii an?o i?aaenoaaiee?a oeueiai
iai?yieo naiith nai?th noooth aaea iaee ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?iee oa?aeoa?, a
aecia/aeuei? oa a?oioiai? iieiaeaiiy eiioeaioe?e oaeeo aaoi??a, ye,
iai?eeeaae, AE.Ea Aioo, ia?aaeaa/aee aiaeyoe?th aei
o?einionueei-eoeueoo?ieia?/iiai ?ino?oiaioa??th.

?ioith ia?aaeeaiith no/anii? iaoee, eio?a ia?aaeaa/aea aeei?enoaiiy
iiiyooy “iaioaeuei?noue” oa aeine?aeaeaiiy ?yaeo iia’ycaieo c iath
i?iaeai, aoea ?noi?e/ia aoiiineoieia?y. A iaaeao oe??? aeenoeeie?ie
iio??aii aeae?eeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy A.Aoiaeoa c ineoieia?? ia?iae?a ?,
iniaeeai, E.Eaa?-A?they. Naia ia ?iaioe inoaiiueiai, ui aoee i?enay/ai?
iaioaeueiino? a?oa?/iiai noni?euenoaa, nie?aeenue a nai?o
aeine?aeaeaiiyo a?eueo i?ci? aeine?aeieee, cie?aia i?aaenoaaieee “oeiee
Aiiae?a”. Ie?aii ne?ae aeae?eeoe i?aoe? aeaeaoiiai oa?e?anueeiai a/aiiai
I.I.Iioaai?, i?enay/ai? ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?iei aniaeoai iiae oa ieneaiiy.

Ii/eiath/e c e?ioey XIX noie?ooy o ca’yceo c aea/aiiyi a?oa?/ieo
noni?euenoa, i?iaiaeeeenue aeine?aeaeaiiy a?oa?/ii? iaioaeueiino? oa ??
iniaeeainoae. Aiaeia?/ii aeine?aeaeoaaeanue oaeiae iaioaeuei?noue, ui
aoea i?eoaiaiia e ?ioei aiioai, iai?eeeaae, na?aaeiueia?//th. O ca’yceo
c oeei ne?ae iniaeeai aeae?eeoe a?aeii? i?aoe? E.Eaa?-No?inna,
A.Oaeei?a, Aeae.E?iaenay, E.Oaec?iae, a oaeiae ie?ai? i?aoe? N.Oiea??aa
? A.Oiii?iaa.

Aeineoue aeaoaeueii aeine?aeaeoaaeenue aeaye? ?io? aniaeoe i?iaeaie
iaioaeueiino?, iai?eeeaae, i?oieia?/ia iaioaeuei?noue. Na?aae aaoi??a,
ye? c?iaeee nai?ie aeine?aeaeaiiyie iaea?eueoee aianie aei aiae?co
iaioaeueiino? i?oo, iacaaii, a ia?oo /a?ao, Aeae.O?aca?a ? A.ss.I?iiia.
Oaeiae iaia’yceiai iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe aaoi??a, i?aoe? yeeo ni?eyee
aeine?aeaeaiiyi iaioaeueiino? i?o?a, a naia: A.I.Iaeaoeinueeiai,
I.?.Noaae?i-Eaiainueeiai, I.N.O?oaaoeueeiai, E.Othaia?a ,
A.ss.Neae?oiaiiaa.

I?iaeaie i?oieia?/ii? iaioaeueiino? aeinoaoiuei /anoi ?icaeyaeaeenue a
eiioaeno? ie?aieo ?ae?a??ciaa/eo aeine?aeaeaiue. Ca i?eeeaae iiaeooue
neoaeeoe i?aoe? N.Oiea?aaa. Iaeiae iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei o oeueiio
ieoaii? ne?ae aaaaeaoe ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c iiae?aieo ? aiaeia?/ieo
aeaiaio?a i?o?a o ??cieo ia?iae?a, ii/aoie yeiio aoei iieeaaeaii
a?aeiieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie Aeae. O?aca?a. Iiceoeaio ?ieue a?ae?a?aee
oaeiae i?ea?iaeueia iaoiaeieia?y aeine?aeaeaiiy oa io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe
ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co eacie o A.ss.I?iiia. Ie?aii iaiao?aeii a?aei?oeoe
I.O.Ein?aa, /e? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaioaeueieo ianoaiia i?oo aoee iaea?eueo
aeeaieeie. Oei a?eueoa, ui e i?aeoe/ii an? ?io? aeine?aeaeaiiy oeueiai
aaoi?a caaaeaee ia?aaeaa/aee aiae?c aeaiaio?a iaioaeueiino? – aioe/ii?
aai ?aianainii?. Ia?oueny ia oaac? ianaiia?aae eiai aaaaoioiiia
aeine?aeaeaiiy “?noi??y aioe/ii? anoaoeee” oa i?aoeth “Anoaoeea
A?ae?iaeaeaiiy”. Aeaye? i?iaeaie na?aaeiueia?/ii? iaioaeueiino? aoee
a?oioiaii aeine?aeaeai? a i?aoeyo A.ss.Ao?aae/a.

A eiioaeno? aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie iaioaeueiino? ne?ae
aeae?eeoe a?oioiaio ?iaioo ?.Oa?iana “?noi??y cao?aeiiai ieneaiiy”.
Aaaeeea? i?iaeaie aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e aeine?aeaeoaaeenue oaeiae o
?iaioao ?.Aeno?eoeueeiai, I.Aey/aiea, N.E?einueeiai, I.Iiiiae/a, ?.
Oeaoi?no?a.

Iaoa ? caaea/? oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoa aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? a o?einionueeiio aeine?aeaeaii? nooiino?
iaioaeueiino? ye eoeueoo?iiai oaiiiaia oa aiae?c? eiai
nioe?ieoeueoo?iiai ci?noo.

A?aeiia?aeii aei iaoe a aeena?oaoe?? noaaeyoueny ? ae??oothoueny oae?
caaea/?:

aeyaeoe ? i?iaiae?coaaoe aaceni? ?noi?e/i? oeie iaioaeueiino?,
aecia/eoe nooo?a? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiaeiiai oeio;

aecia/eoe iniiai? iaioaeuei? ianoaiiae a eiioaeno? i?oieia??, ?ae?a??,
iaoee;

?icaeyiooe ?noi??th iiyae i?iaeaie iaioaeueiiai a o?einio??; aeyaeoe o?
o?aaeeoe?? a o?einio?? ? noi?aeieo iaoeao, eio?? coiiaeee iiyao e
aeooae?caoe?th i?iaeaie iaioaeueiino? a no/ani?e o?einio??;

iieacaoe iniaeeaino? iaoe?iiaeueii? niaoeeo?eaoe?? iaioaeueiino? o
oi?i? iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o.

Ia’?eoii aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ? noa?a aeooiaii? eoeueoo?e
ethaenoaa.

I?aaeiao aeine?aeaeaiiy neeaaeathoue nooi?noi? oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaioaeueiino? ye iaiao?aeiiai eiiiiiaioa eoeueoo?e, ?noi?e/i? (aaceni?)
oeie iaioaeueiino?, i?eoaiaii? iniiaiei aoaiai ?icaeoeo noni?euenoaa,
?iia?aoeai? eiioaenoe iaioaeueiino?, a oaeiae ?? iaoe?iiaeueia
niaoeeo?eaoe?y.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? aeinyaiaiiy e?eueeio
noi?aeieo iaoeiaeo aeenoeeie?i, ui aea/athoue eoeueoo?o ? ethaeeio.
Na?aae ieo a ia?oo /a?ao iio??aii iacaaoe o?einio?th eoeueoo?e, ?noi??th
eoeueoo?e, ?ae?a??ciaanoai, ?noi?e/io aoiiineoieia?th, ?noi??th
o?einio??.

A aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aoee aeei?enoai?
no?oeoo?ae?nonueeee ? aa?iaiaaoe/iee iaoiaee, a oaeiae
ii??aiyeueii-?noi?e/iee iaoiae.

Oai?aoe/iith iniiaith ?iaioe ? nenoaiia aea/aiiy iaioaeueiino?, yea
nie?a?oueny ia iaoiaeeeo, ?ic?iaeaio o i?aoeyo i?aaenoaaiee?a “oeiee
Aiiae?a”, ianaiia?aae AE.Ea Aiooa; ae?aeia?/iee eoeueoo?iee aiae?c,
cai?iiiiiaaiee ss.Ao?eoa?aeoii ? I.Aaoo?iei.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a aecia/a?oueny a ianooiieo
iieiaeaiiyo:

aeae?eaii iniiai? aoaie o?einionueeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie
iaioaeueiiai. ?oiy iiyaa aoea iia’ycaia ?c ni?iaaie o?einionueeiai
inieneaiiy aeooiaiino?. Naia oiio aia?oa aiii cono??/a?oueny a
o?einionueeeo ?icaoaeiaao o?ainoeaiaeaioae?cio, iaieaio?ainoaa.
A?aeiia?aeii a?aene?aeeiaai? oaeiae iniiai? o?aaeeoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy;

aeyaeaii oa i?iaiae?ciaaii aaceni? ?noi?e/i? oeie iaioaeueiino? oa
nooo?a? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiaeiiai c ieo;

iieacai? ?ieue ? cia/aiiy iaioaeueieo ianoaiia o no?oeoo?? i?oo.
Iaioaeuei?noue i?oo ia ia?aaeaa/aea oyaeaiue uiaei ??ceiai
a?aeiaaeoaaiiy noa’?eoa a?ae ia’?eoa, aeoiaey/e c ?o iaona?aeiiethaaiiai
ii?aeiaiiy. Iaeieie c ?? iaeaaaeeea?oeo oa?aeoa?enoee ? aio?iiieia?ci,
iniaeea? i?inoi?iai-/ania? oyaeaiiy, ia??aoeai?noue, na?e aeaai?eci ?
neiaie?ci a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ae?eniino?;

aecia/aii, ui iaioaeuei? ianoaiiae iaoee ?niothoue a aeaio oi?iao:
ciai?oi? ? aioo??oi?. Aioo??oi? iaioaeuei? ianoaiiae aecia/athoue
oa?aeoa? ae?iaieoeoaa ciaiiy a na?aaeiaeu? iaoeiaiai ni?aoiaa?enoaa.
Ciai?oi? iaioaeuei? ianoaiiae aecia/athoue nioe?aeuei? i???ioe?e o
?icaeoeo iaoee;

?ice?eoi iniaeeaino? ?ae?a?eieo iaioaeueieo ianoaiia. Iieacaii, ui aiie
iathoue iiaea?eiee oa?aeoa?. Oea – iaioaeuei? ianoaiiae ??aiy
iaee?iaaiiy ? ??aiy o?einionueei-niaeoeyoeaiiai. I?iaiae?ciaaii
?noi?eei-eoeueoo?io caeaaei?noue i?ioean?a i?eeiyooy noni?eueieie
a?oiaie oeo /e ?ioeo ?ae?a?eieo nenoai a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoe?iiaeueieo
oei?a iaioaeueiino?.

Iaoeiai-oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aii eiai
iiaeciith. Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe iathoue ni?eyoe aeaoae?caoe??
oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ieo oyaeaiue i?i iioieia?/iee noaoon iaioaeueiiai
oa nooi?noue iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o.

Iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iiaeia aeei?enoaoe i?e aeeeaaeaii?
nioe?aeueii-aoiai?oa?ieo aeenoeeie?i ca?aeii c aoc?anueeith i?ia?aiith.
Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy

a?aeaoeanue ia I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoea ?
nioe?aeuei? i?iaeaie noni?euenoaa” (Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.) ? ia O?ao?e
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oai?aoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ethaeeia: aeoo, aeooa,
o?ei” (Noie, 1999 ?.).

Aeena?oaoe?y iaaiai?thaaeanue ia oai?aoe/ieo nai?ia?ao ? can?aeaiiyo
eaoaae?e oai??? eoeueoo?e ? o?einio?? iaoee Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo oa eaoaae?e o?einio?? ? iie?oieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai aeiiii?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeaaiaaeoeyoe i?ae?icae?e?a, iaeei c yeeo i?noeoue
o?e ioieoe, aeniiae?a ? nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 158
iaeiaioaaiue. ?iaioa i?noeoue 159 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie, aiae?co?oueny noai oa
??aaiue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee oaie, aecia/athoueny ia’?eo ? i?aaeiao
aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa?aeoa?ecothoueny oai?aoe/ia ? iaoiaeieia?/ia iniiae
aeena?oaoe??, iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiiy, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia
cia/aiiy eiai ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? – “Iaioaeuei?noue ye i?iaeaia o?einio?? eoeueoo?e” –
?icaeyiooi ye ?noi??th iiyae a o?einio?? iiiyooy “iaioaeuei?noue”, oae
? ?noi??th i?iaeaiaoeee, i?aai?/ii iia’ycaii? c iei. Aecia/aii iniiai?
iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy oeueiai iiiyooy a no/ani?e o?einio??
eoeueoo?e.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Noaiiaeaiiy o?aaeeoe?? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iaioaeueiino? a o?einio??” – iieacaii, ui ?noi?e/ia aeiey iiiyooy
“iaioaeuei?noue” a o?einio?? aoea a aeinoaoi?e i??? ia?aaeienaeueiith.
C’yaeaoenue ia ei?ioeee /an a o?einio?? o?ainoeaiaeaioae?cio a na?aaeei?
OIX noie?ooy, aiii c ??cieo i?e/ei aeyaeeinue iio?i iaiio??aiei ia
i?ioyc? o?eaaeiai /ano. Iaeiae oea ia icia/aei, ui cian?i ia
?ic?iaeyeanue ? ia aeine?aeaeoaaeanue eiai i?iaeaiaoeea. I?eaeecii c
na?aaeeie XIX noie?ooy aeine?aeaeaiiy aeoea?coaaeenue, aea oe? i?iaeaie
eaae?o?eoaaeenue ?iaeoa.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?iiai eiioaenoo iiae ? ieneaiiy
(ianaiia?aae – o i?aoeyo I.I. Iioaai?), a oaeiae a iaaeao ?noi?e/ii?
aoiiineoieia?? (A. Aoiaeo) ?i?oe?thaaee aaea aeania o?einionuee?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeai ieneaiiy ? aeooiaiino? a ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?iiio
eiioaeno? (A.Eann??a?), ye? aoee aaea naiith nai?th noooth ia?oei aoaiii
o?einionueeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy nooiino? iaioaeueiiai.

Ae?oaa o?aaeeoe?y (ca nai?th o?eaae?noth iaaaaaoi ia?aaaaeaea ia?oo),
a?oiooth/enue ia “o?einio?? na?oey” E.Aaoa, /a?ac noai?aiiy iiai?
iaoiaeieia?? ?noi??? (ss.Ao?eoa?aeo) ? ii/aoie aeine?aeaeaiue ia iea?
?noi??? eoeueoo?e oaeiae i?eeoea aei ona?aeiieaiiy iiae?aii?
i?iaeaiaoeee ye i?ia?aeii?.

O?einio?th eoeueoo?e I.Oiaiaea?a iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye ?acoeueoao
neioaco oeeo o?aaeeoe?e ? ianooiiee aoai o?einionueeeo aeine?aeaeaiue
oe??? i?iaeaiaoeee. Oni?o ? iiioey?i?noue ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?aaenoaaiee?a “oeiee Aiiae?a” coiiaeee iino?eii aenieee
??aaiue oaaae a o?einio?? eoeueoo?e aei i?iaeai iaioaeueiino? ? iaa?oue
ia?aoai?eee ?o a aeaiaio iiaee. No/ani? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?e?iaee
iaioaeueiiai iiaeia eaae?o?eoaaoe ye o?ao?e aoai oaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Iiiyooy iaioaeueiino? a eiioaeno? no/anii?
o?einio?? eoeueoo?e” – aecia/aii i?noea ? ooieoe?? oeueiai iiiyooy o
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio ?ino?oiaioa??? no/anii? o?einio??.

I?aaeiaoia iiea aeaiiai iiiyooy cina?aaeaeo? a nia? noeoii?noue
iiiene?a, a??oaaiue ? iaaee?a, eio?? caaaeaee ? iaiao?aeiith
no?oeoo?iith /anoeiith aeooiaiino? aoaeue-yeiai oeio noni?euenoaa ?
o?eueee aeey iueiai ? oa?aeoa?ieie.

Ca nai?th oi?iith iaioaeuei?noue iiaea ?icaeyaeaoenue ye
nioe?ieoeueoo?ia oe?e?ni?noue, iaea?eueo cia/iei eiiiiiaioii yei? ? oie
oaiiiai, eio?ee cae/aeii a e?oa?aoo?? aecia/a?oueny ye ia?ac ieneaiiy.
Iaeiae, oa?aeoa?ecoth/e niaoeeo?/i? ??ai? ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ?
eieaeoeaii? na?aeiiino?, iiiyooy iaioaeueiino? aeoiaeeoue ca iaae?
iiiyooy niiniao ieneaiiy, cina?aaeaeoth/e a nia? nioe?aeueiee aeina?ae,
?ioa?ane, ui aeanoea? aeey iaaiiai noaio eoeueoo?iiai ?icaeoeo.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iaioaeuei?noue a?aeiineoueny aei /enea iaea?eueo
a?oioiaieo iniiaiooai?thth/eo oa ooiaeaiaioaeueieo eoeueoo?ieo
o?aaeeoe?e. ?ioeie neiaaie, aoaeue-ye? nooo?a? ci?ie a oe?e noa?? aeeooy
noni?euenoaa coiiaeththoue oaeiae ye?ni? ci?ie a naiiio oa?aeoa??
oeea?e?caoe??.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? – “?noi?e/ia oeiieia?y iaioaeueiino?. Aiae?c
aacenieo oei?a” – ?icaeyiooi oa?aeoa?i? ?ene iniiaieo ?noi?e/ieo oei?a
iaioaeueiino?.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? – “A?oa?/ia iaioaeuei?noue” – ?icaeyiooi
?noi?e/ii ia?oee oei iaioaeueiino?. Iniiaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie oeueiai
oeio iaioaeueiino?, aeanoeaiai a?oa?/iei eoeueoo?ai, ? oae?:

naiiaecia/aiiy ? naiini?eeiyooy ?iaeea?aea. Iiiyooy “ie”
cina?aaeaeoaaei a nia? ye iaeii?ici??i? nooiino? ? ieai?iio ni?eueiioo,
? anth i?e?iaeo. Oiio iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i aeeth/aiiy a oaea iaioaeueia
“iaae-ie” ia iaeiaeiaeo ??aiyo ethaeeie ? i?e?iaee, ?iaeea?aea ? a?oie,
noa’?eoa ? ia’?eoa;

oioaii?noue. Aenooiath/e ye iaeaaaeeea?oee i?ae?icae?e na?oiaeyaeii?
iiceoe?? “iaae-ie”, oioaii?noue iai?oanoo? ni?aa?aeianai?noue
na?oini?eeiyooy ii in? “ethaeeia – oaa?eia”. Aeie?aieaiiy aea?aieo
i?aaenoaaiee?a c “na?oo ca???a” cian?i ia na?ae/eoue i?i ona?aeiieaiiy
ethaeeiith nai?? naiino? ye i?eioeeiiai ?ioiai o ni?anoaaeaii? c ieie.
Oioaiiee ca?? ni?eeia?oueny ye ia?nii?o?eaoe?y ii?yaeeo — ?
nioe?aeueiiai, ? nae?aeueiiai. Naia a?i iinoa? a yeino? oi?aaeiaoiaieo
cae/a?a, ui a?oioothoueny a iniiaao a?oa?/ii? nioe?aeueiino?;

o?ao??iii?noue. Aecia/aiiy ci?noo ?iaeiaiai nithco a a?oa?/i?e
na?aeiiino? ia?aaeaa/a? iaiao?aei?noue aeeth/aiiy a naiiaecia/aiiy
ethaeeie i?inoi?iaeo eii?aeeiao, ni?aa?aeianaieo c? noi?iiaie ai?eciioo
(cao?ae, i?ai?/, no?ae, i?aaeaiue). Nioe?oi oaeiae iiae?ey?oueny ca?aeii
c ieie: ieai’y ni?eeia?oueny ye oaea, ui neeaaea?oueny c /ioe?ueio
/anoei, eiaeia c yeeo aecia/a?oueny a?aeiia?aeii aei
i?noeei-aaia?ao?/ieo oyaeaiue. I?ci?oa eii?aeeiaoia nenoaia
na?oini?eeiyooy c /ioe?ueioaaeoi?ii? o?ainoi?io?oueny a naieaaeoi?io —
aei ia? aeiaeathoueny “cai?o”, “iaae??” ? “oeaio?”. Oneeaaeiaiiy nenoaie
i?eaiaeeoue aei ?? aen?ieia?/ii? a?aaeaoe??. Inoaii?e c aaeoi??a
ni?eeia?oueny i?ia?aeiei o an?e nenoai? o?ao??iiiino?;

oaoeoeci. Aenooiath/e yaii aaioeaio?e/iei aeaiaioii a?oa?ee, oaoeo
iiaea aooe ni?eeiyoee ye naiai ?iaeo iaae?aoi? i?ae aaceeeei ciai?oi?i
na?oii oa ?iaeea?aeoaeueiith na?aeii?noth, ui ia?iaeaeo?oueny.

aaae?oa?i?noue. *a?ac oa, ui a ieaiai? i?ooi ia aieiae?a i?a?iaaoeaaie
ia?a?iciiae?eo aeaniino?, ca?aaee io?eiaiiy nae?aeueii? naieoe??
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ?a?ia? iaoai?cie. Iai?eeeaae, ?eooae iioea/a, oiaoi
iaaea?iaoaaiiy naiai aeeaeiueiai naiei oe?iiei c iniaenoiai iaeia ?c
cono??/ieie aea?oaaiiyie.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? – “O?aaeeoe?eia no?aeia iaioaeuei?noue” —
?icaeyiooi o? iniaeeaino? iaioaeueiino?, ui aoee aeanoea? no?aeiei
oeea?e?caoe?yi.

O?aaeeoe?eia no?aeia iaioaeuei?noue, oae naii, ye ? eoeueoo?a oeueiai
?aa?iio, iin?aea? iniaeeaa i?noea, ii?aeioth/e a nia? ?ene ye a?oa?/ieo
eoeueoo?, oae ? ianooiieo eoeueoo?ii-?noi?e/ieo oei?a. Ia iniia?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ui i?iaaaeaia a aeena?oaoe??, iiaeia aeae?eeoe oae?
iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?i? iniaeeaino? no?aeii? iaioaeueiino?.

1.Iiae?aii aei a?oa?/ii? iaioaeueiino? aeey iaioaeueiino? ia?iae?a
Noa?iaeaaiueiai Noiaeo aoea oa?aeoa?iith iaaecae/aeia eiina?aaoeai?noue,
eio?a ciaoiaeeea na?e i?iya i?aeoe/ii o an?o noa?ao aeeooy.

2.Eiina?aaoeai?noue aeiiiaithaaeanue iniaeeaith “ieaai?noth”
eoeueoo?ii? aaiethoe?? o an?o ?aa?iiao Noiaeo. Oe? oeea?e?caoe??
?icaeaaeenue aac aoaeue-yeeo nooo?aeo eaoaee?ci?a. Aeey ieo aoea
aeanoeaith a?aenooi?noue ??ceeo ia?aoiae?a i?ae o?iiieia?/ieie
ia??iaeaie, c iinooiiaei ? iaiii?oiei iaeiie/aiiyi ?iiiaaoe?e c
ia??iaeaie ?oiuei? aeaaaeueaaoe??, ui iino?eii iiaoi?thaaeenue.

3.Iaioaeueiino? oeeo eoeueoo?ieo ?aa?ii?a i?eoaiaiiee neie?aoeci.
No?aeia iaioaeuei?noue ia ia?aaeaa/aea ?iciiae?eo ia ie?ai?
ooieoe?iiaeuei? iaeano? (i?oieia?th, o?einio?th, iaoeo), a oeueiio aiia
aoea aiaeia?/iith a?oa?oe?. sse iane?aeie – aeiaae?caoe?y ?
ooiaeaiaioae?caoe?y nenoai na?oini?eeiyooy.

Neie?aoeci eeoaenueeiai o?aaeeoe?eiiai na?oiaeyaeo i?iyaeany oaeiae ? a
oiio, ui an? o?e aeiaaeuei? noaeoeueoo?e ni?eeiaeenue ye aca?iii
aeiiiaithth/?. ?ioa?i?aoiaai? a oaeiio aeaeyae?, aiie iineoaeeee
i?aea?oioyi aeey aeieeiaiiy nioe?aeueii-eoeueoo?ii? oe?e?niino?.

4.Oi?eaeueiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith o?aaeeoe?eii? eeoaenueei? iaioaeueiino?
aoee iniaeea? i?inoi?iai-/ania? oyaeaiiy. A eeoaenueeiio ni?eeiyoo?
ae?eniino? i?aeoe/ii caaaeaee aoea a?aenooiueith ?aeay aeenoaioe?thaaiiy
o /an?. An? aeaiaioe o?aaeeoe?eiiai eeoaenueeiai na?oiaeyaeo
ia?aaeaa/aee ci???ioiaai?noue o i?inoi?? ? eaeaiaea?iiio ia?aa?ao /ano.

Nioe?aeueiee einiin eeoaeoey ia?aaeaa/aa iiaeeea?noue cia/ii?
aa?oeeaeueii? nioe?aeueii? iia?eueiino?, a na?oini?eeiyooy a oe?eiio —
ae?aeaeoeeo aaniethoiiai ? a?aeiiniiai.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Aioe/ia iaioaeuei?noue” – aecia/ai? o?
iniaeeaino? iaioaeueiino?, ui aoee i?eoaiaii? ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?i?e aeia?
aioe/iino?.

O ia?oiio ioieo? – “A?aoeueeee i?aeoei” – i?iaiae?ciaaii oa?aeoa?i?
iniaeeaino? iaioaeueiino?, yea aoea aeanoeaa aeaaiueia?aoeuee?e
oeea?e?caoe??.

Iaioaeuei?noue a?aea iaea yne?aai ae?aaeaiee aaiiaeueiee oa?aeoa?. Oiio
iaaecae/aeii iioe?aiith o Aeaai?e A?aoe?? aoea ?aeay uiaei iaiao?aeiino?
aeey ?iaeea?aea aeinyaiaiiy ia?oino? o anueiio – i?aaiaiiy iaia’yceiai
ia?aaa?oeoe an?o o aeinyaiaii? nai?o aeeoo?aeo oe?eae. Oey ?aeay aoea
noi?ioeueiaaia a oi?i? noni?eueiiai ?iia?aoeao ? ?aae?ciaoaaeanue o an?o
iaeanoyo aeeooy. Aaiiaeuei?noue caaaeaee aoea o?eueee naiioe?eeth ? ia
iiaea aooe iia’ycaiith c io?eiaiiyi iaoa??aeueii? aeiaai?iaee.

Eiaeia eoeueoo?ia aeiaa iaia’yceiai ieneeoue na?e ?aeaae, ? iaii?aia
iaioaeueiino? aac iueiai ia iiaeeeaa. Aeey noa?iaeaaiueiai a?aea oea aai
aa?ie-ai?i, aai ioae?aoeue. Aeoo aaiiaeueiino? ?o ia’?aeio?. Aeey
ia?oiai aeanoeaa oi?ia??noue ? iaa?oue aeayeee aaaioth?eci, aea
i?aeoe/ii caaaeaee — a?aeaaaeia i?yioaaiiy iacono??/ aeie? (Ao?eean,
Iae?nnae). Aeey ae?oaiai — a??aiiaaaeai?noue, niiaeyaeaeuei?noue,
iiioiaioaeuei?noue, ??ii?y (Nie?ao).

O ae?oaiio ioieo? – “?einueeee i?aeoei” – ?icaeyiooi i?ia?aei? ?ene
iaioaeueiiai oeio, i?eoaiaiiiai noa?iaeaai?i ?eieyiai.

Ae?eni?noue a oeueiio iaioaeueiiio oei? ia?aaaaeii ?ioa?i?aooaaeanue ye
nioe?aeueiee einiin, ia?aaeaa/aeany eiai a?/i?noue, ia’?eoea?ci ?
iaii?ooi?noue. “?einueeee aeoo” ia?aaeaa/aa iiioiaioae?ci o cia?aaeaii?
einiino – oea i?inoi?iaa iioe?ai?noue ? ?iciao, oea ianooaa eiai
nioe?aeueiino?.

?aeay ?icnoaeeeaino?. Ca?aene ?ioa?i?aoaoe?y anueiai na?oo ye
oioiaei?noue i?e?iaeiiai ? ?aoe?iiaeueiiai. Ia i?aeoeoe? oaea ?aeay
ao?ethaaeanue a i?aaiaii? aei aiaeia?/ii? ?ai?aai?caoe??, oii?yaeeoaaiiy
an?o i?aeei?aieo e?a?i ? ia?iae?a ca ?einueeei c?aceii.

?aeay “anaeainueei-aaeeeiaea?aeaaii? i?n??”. Aiia eia?/ii aeieeaa? c
eiioeaioe?? “nioe?aeueiiai einiino”. ?ei aa/ea naaa a oeaio?? oeueiai
einiino, a o an?o non?aei?o e?a?iao – o?eueee ia’?eo aeey nai??
aeniain??.

A?aenooi?noue ii/oooy ?noi?ecio. ?einueea iaioaeuei?noue ia ciaea
ii/oooy ia?aaeeaaiiy ?noi???, oyaeaiue i?i oi?eaeuei?noue ?noi?e/iiai
i?ioeano. Aeania aoooy ia ona?aeiiethaaeinue ?eieyiaie ?noi?e/iei.

Iaiaaaiiy ana aii?yaeeoaaoe aei iaeae??ai?oeo aeaoaeae ca?aeii c
ii?iaie ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aa/aiiy ae?eniino? ciaeoei nai? ao?eaiiy a noa??
?ae?a?eiiai na?oiaa/aiiy. I?ae ?iaiaie aia?a ?icoi?eenue ia
ye?-iaaoaeue iniaeno?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee, a aano?aeoi? iiiyooy, ui
aecia/aee o? /e ?io? ae?? aia?a.

Iane?aeeii oiai, ui ?ae?a?eia ni?eeiaeinue ye nioe?aeueia, aoei iiaia
i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy eoeueoo nioe?aeueii-iie?oe/iei ?ioa?anai. Aeaoaeueia
?aaeaiaioaoe?y ?ae?a?eiiai aeeooy ia?aoai?thaaea ?? a ??ciiaeae noa?e
canoinoaaiiy i?aaa.

A “?einueeiio aeon?” aeii?ioaaea aieiaie/?noue , oiio aeey ?eieyieia
noni?euei? ?aeaaee – oea ai?i ? iie?oee, i?ioa aiie ieneeeenue ye ?aeeia
oe?ea.

O o?aoueiio ioieo? – “I?ciueiaioe/iee i?aeoei” – ?icaeyiooi oa
i?iaiae?ciaaii oa?aeoa?i? ?ene iaioaeueiino? ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?ii? aeiae
i?ciuei? aioe/iino?.

Ia?ao?ae aei oe??? aeiae aeiaaaa ea?aeeiaeueii? ia?ai???ioaoe?? nenoaie
oe?iiinoae iniaenoino?. Eoeueoo?ia o?ainoi?iaoe?y ia iiaea ia oi?eiooeny
iniaenoeo aniaeo?a: o an?o noa?ao aeeooy iino?eii ia?aaaaea?
?iaeea?aeoaeueia iaae caaaeueiei. ? yeui ca aeiae ?anioae?ee
?iaeea?aeoaeueia aoei inoaii?i a oe?ii?niiio ?yae? ( i?ney
“caaaeueiiia?iaeii?” ? “?iaeeiii?” ni?aae ), oi a ia??iae i?ciuei?
aioe/iino? aeoeaioe i?ioeeaaei?: ?iaeea?aeoaeueia iaeiicia/ii
ni?eeia?oueny ye i?ia?aeia.

I?ciueiaioe/iee ?iaeea?aeoae?ci ?icaeaa?oueny a oiiaao iiaii?
a?aenooiino? iie?oe/ieo naiaiae iniaenoino?. Iniaeno?nia naii?aae?caoe?y
aoea iiaeeeaith o?eueee a noa?? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai. Ca oaeeo oiia
iniaeno?nia naii?aae?caoe?y a oeth aiioo aoea ci???ioiaaia ia aioo??oi?e
na?o ethaeeie oa eiai ia?aiao?e.

O /aoaa?oiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Noaiiaeaiiy ?a?iiaenueei? iaioaeueiino?:
na?aaei? a?ee” — ?icaeyiooi iniiai? /eiieee oa iniaeeaino? i?ioean?a
ooiaeaoe?? ?a?iiaenueei? iaioaeueiino?; i?iaiae?ciaaii ??
na?aaeiueia?/iee oei.

Iniaeno?noue ni?eeiaea naaa iaa?ae’?iiith /anoeiith ni?eueiioe, eio?a
i?noe/iei /eiii ii?aeioaaea ethaeeio c na?oii nae?aeueiiai. Iniiaith
oaei? ni?eueiioe ni?eeiaeanue oea?eaa. Caaaeyee oeueiio na?aaeiueia?/iee
?iaeea?ae caaaeaee i?a naaa ieneeoe ye /anoeio, i?e/iio iaa?ae’?iio
?aeeii? eoeueoo?ii-nioe?aeueii? ni?eueiioe.

?ioith oa?aeoa?iith ?enith na?aaeiueia?/ii? iaioaeueiino? aoei
ni?eeiyooy ?noi???. An? aeeoo?a? iiae?? na?aaeiueia?/ia na?aeii?noue
ii?aeioaaea a iine?aeiaiino? iiae?e ?noi??? nae?ae?ciaaiiai na?oo. Ana,
ui a?aeaoaa?oueny, ni?eeiaeinue oaeaieia?/ii: ye caeiiii??iee iane?aeie
iiae?e ieioeiai ? iaiao?aeia i?aaeoa/a iiae?e iaeaooiueiai. I?iaeaia
aa?iaiaaoeee. Aeey ethaeeie oe??? eoeueoo?ii? aeiae c?icoi?oe ? iiynieoe
ui-iaaoaeue icia/aei ni?eeiyoe oea uinue ye oaea, ui ia? a?aeiioaiiy aei
na?oo iaaenooi?niiai aoooy. I?ciaiiy ia?aaeaa/aei iaia’yceiaa aecia/aiiy
aeoeaii? ? iniaenoi? o/ano? noa’?eoa a o?aa?/iiio iinooio na?oiaoaeiae
aoooy, ine?eueee ?noi??y a oe?eiio ni?eeiaeanue ye “ae?aiaoe/ia
aenoaaa”.

Aec?noaioe?aeueiee aniaeo. Ethaenueeee i?e?ieini aoa aaciina?aaei?i
a?aeia?aaeaiiyi iae?ieinio. Anana?o ni?eeiaany ye neiaie?/ia no?oeoo?a
i?inoi?o, aea ?ic?a?o?oueny ii?aeueia ae?aia ethaeeie. Oaeei /eiii,
aec?noaioe?aeuei?noue na?aaeiueia?/ii? iaioaeueiino? aecia/aeanue
iaae?aeueiei aai “na?aaeeiiei” iieiaeaiiyi iniaenoino?.

O i’yoiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Iiai?a?iiaenueea iaioaeuei?noue” –
?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino?, ye? aecia/aee iiaeaeueoo aaiethoe?th
iiai?a?iiaenueei? iaioaeueiino?, ii/eiath/e c aeiae A?ae?iaeaeaiiy.

A?aeiiaeaoenue a?ae na?aaeiueia?/ieo oiiaaiue ia aaoi?eoao, ?aianainiee
nioe?oi a?aeiiaeany oaeiae ? a?ae aeii?ioth/eo ?ai?oa oi?i
o?aaeeoe?eiiai eieaeoeaiiai aeina?aeo oa eiio?ieth iaae
?iaeea?aeoaeueiei.

Oae? yeino? iniaenoino?, ye a?aeaaaei?noue ? e?aei?e ?iaeea?aeoae?ci
iaaoee iaeaeui? oe?iiino?, a aea?aeaaa ?icaeyaeaeanue eeoa ye iaeei c
ia’?eo?a, ui ?nio? aeey ni?yioaaiiy a?eueii? aie? ? ?icoio ?iaeea?aea.

Aanue ianya iniaenoino? oaia? iaia/a iiaeeiaany aaaaoiiai?oieie noa?aie
?aae?caoe?? ?? aaaaoinoi?iiiueiai “ego”, eio?a iiaei a?aeaoaaoeny a
??cieo noa?ao ae?yeueiino?, aea a ia?oo /a?ao o?eueee ia ei?enoue nia?.
I?aaaethaaiiy ?iaeea?aeoae?cio a iia?e nenoai? oe?iiinoae ni?eyei
c?inoaiith ?ie? iniaenoi? ?aoeaen??.

Iniaeno?noue, ui ia?aaeaa/aea iaiao?aei?noue ?aae?caoe?? a nai?e
aeeoo?a?e i?ia?ai? ?iaeea?aeoae?cio ? na?onueeino?, aeinoaoiuei oaeaeei
noaea aeii?ioth/ith a caaaeueii?a?iiaenueeiio ianooaa? ? iineoaeeea
aacenii aeey ae?iaeaiiy an?o iniiaieo ?a?iiaenueeeo iaoe?iiaeueieo
oa?aeoa??a.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? – “Ooieoe?iiaeuei? eiioaenoe iaioaeueiino?: aiae?c
?iia?aoeaieo oi?i” – i?iaiae?ciaaii iniaeeaino? iaioaeueieo ianoaiia o
i?oieia??, ?ae?a??, iaooe?.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Iaioaeuei?noue i?oo” – i?iaiae?ciaaii
??ciiiai?oi? eiioeaioe?? i?oo, ?icaeyiooi eiai iniaeeaino? uiaei
i?enooiino? a iueiio iaioaeueieo ianoaiia.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae o?einio?? i?o ca nai?th nooi?noth ia ? a ye?e-iaaoaeue
i??? niaeoeyoeaiith ?icaoaeiaith. A?i iiaea aooe ?ioa?i?aoiaaiee ye
oi?ia noa’?eoeaii ia?aaeeaa?ii? ae?eniino?, yea caaaeaee ?aaeueii ?nio?
aeey ?iaeea?aea aai nioe?oia a iaaieo aecia/aieo ?noi?e/ieo ?aae?yo.

I?o o aooo?aiio nai?io aniaeo? caaaeaee iiaoaeiaaiee ia aeie?aieaii? a
ioi/oth/?e ethaeeio ae?eniino? e?eueeio ieano?a aoooy ? ianooiii? ?o
???a?o?caoe?? oa no?oeoo?ecaoe??. A?i iieaco? ona?aeiiethth/o ?
iaeeaeyth/o noi?iio aeeooy ethaeeie, eio?a aeicaiey? noa’?eoo-iin?th
i?oieia?/ii? na?aeiiino? aeenoaioe?thaaoeny a?ae anueiai cae/aeiiai,
aoaeaiiiai ? iianyeaeaiiiai.

Iniaeeai ne?ae aeae?eeoe, nooi?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee i?oo. I?o – oea
?noi?e/ii ia?oa oi?ia na?aeiiino?, ui a?aeie?aieeanue a?ae i?aeoeee,
eio??e aeanoeaee na?e i?ciaaaeueiee neie?aoeci, ui oaeiae aecia/a? eiai
iniaeeaino? na?aae ?ioeo oaiiiai?a a?oa?/ii? na?aeiiino?. I?o
i?eioeeiiai ia ? oaioac??th, o?eoe??th, eaceiaei, a?i – ?noi?e/ii ?
eia?/ii iaiao?aeia oi?ia ona?aeiieaiiy ethaeeiith iniaeeainoae aeaniiai
aoooy. I?oieia?/ia iaioaeuei?noue caaaeaee ia?aaeaa/a? iayai?noue
e?eueeio iaia’yceiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee, ye? aoee iieacai? a aeena?oaoe?ei?e
?iaio?.

Iaei??th c oaeeo iaeaaaeeea?oeo oa?aeoa?enoee ? aio?iiieia?ci. Anana?o
i?oo – oea anana?o ethaenueeeo ?noio. I?oieia?/ia ieneaiiy ia?aaeaa/aei
iaoaoi?e/ia ni?anoaaeaiiy i?e?iaeieo ? nioe?ieoeueoo?ieo ia’?eo?a.
Iane?aeeii oaei? iiceoe?? aoei “iethaeiaiiy” i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua
i?iaeeaaiiy ethaeeie, eio?a iio?i a i?ioean? i?oieia?/ii? ?aoeaen??
caeiiii??ii i?eaiaeeei aei iiyae ?aeae i?i caaaeueio aeeoo?a?noue
anueiai einiino.

Iaioaeuei?noue i?oo ia ia?aaeaa/aea oyaeaiue uiaei ??ceiai
a?aeiaaeoaaiiy noa’?eoa a?ae ia’?eoa, aeoiaey/e c ?o iaona?aeiiethaaiiai
ii?aeiaiiy. Oiio a i?oieia?? caaaeaee aeinoaoiuei oiiaiith aoea iaaea
na?oo ethaenueeiai ? na?oo i?e?iaee, a oaeiae na?oo i?e?iaeiueiai ?
na?oo iicai?e?iaeiueiai.

A?aeiia?aeii aei i?oieia?/ii? iaioaeueiino? aoaeue-ye? ?noioe aai
ia’?eo ona?aeiiethaaeenue iaa?ae’?iieie a?ae naiai ?iai?. Oiio ciaiiy
a?aeiia?aeieo ?iai ni?eeiaeinue ye oaea, ui iaaea? ethaeei? iaiaiaaeaio
iaa?/io aeaaeo iaae eiai iin??i. C ?ioiai aieo, eiee iiaa eaea i?i neee
i?e?iaee, ethaeeia ia ??ai? i?oieia?/ii? na?aeiiino?, aae ia iaeeeeaoe
?o, aiyeany iaa?oue iacaaoe ?o ii ?iai?: “oie, ui a neae? neaeeoue”,
“oie, ui a?aae? ?aa” (E.Oe?a?iea. “E?niaa i?niy”).

I?oo i?eoaiaii? iniaeea? i?inoi?iai-/ania? oyaeaiiy. Noa’?eoeaia
ae?eni?noue i?oo ia?aaeaa/aea iaia’yceiao i?enooi?noue aeaniiai i?inoi?o
? /ano, ye? aeinoaoiuei /?oei a?ae??ciyeenue a?ae cae/aeieo (i?ioaiieo),
a oaeiae iaiao?aei?noue ii?aeiaiiy an?o oeeo eii?aeeiao. I?oieia?/i?
iiae?? (nae?aeueiee /an) ni?eeiaeenue ye oae?, ui ia?aaeothoue cae/aeiei
(i?ioaiiee /an).

Aeey i?oo oa?aeoa?ia iayai?noue naiai iniaeeaiai ai?noaiieia?/iiai oa
?ioa?i?aoaoe?eiiai ?aia?ooa?o. A ia?oo /a?ao – oea ia??aoeai?noue, eio?a
ia?aaeaa/aeanue i?oieia?/iith iaioaeuei?noth ye ?aeeiee oi?aa?naeueiee
aa?iaiaaoe/iee i?eioeei.

O?niee ? ia?ic?eaiee ca’ycie i?aaeiaoa ? ciaea, neiaa ? ?a/? iiaeia
aecia/eoe ye ianooiio aaaeeeao iniaeea?noue i?oieia?/ii? iaioaeueiino?.
Oea caaacia/o? aeaai?eci ? neiaie?ci a ?ioa?i?aoaoe?? ae?eniino?.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Iaioaeuei?noue ?ae?a??” – ?ice?eoi
iniaeeaino? iaioaeueieo ianoaiia ?ae?a??.

Iniaeeainoyie ?ae?a?eieo iaioaeueieo ianoaiia iiaeia ianaiia?aae
iacaaoe i?eoaiaiio ?i aec?noaioe?ei?noue ? iaiao?aei?noue
“ia?aaeeaaiiy”. Aaeaea ?iaeea?ae, yeui a?i iiceoeaii ni?eeia? ?ae?a?ei?
iieiaeaiiy, iiaeiai i?eeiyoe ?o ia ye ?acoeueoao aeeiiaieo i?ciaaaeueieo
i?ioeaaeo?, a o?eueee ye ?acoeueoao iniaenoiai ia?aaeeaaiiy. O i?ioean?
oaeiai ia?aaeeaaiiy ?iaeea?aeii oaiiiaia ?ae?a?eiiai ci?ia?oueny
noa’?eo-ia’?eoia i?ioenoaaeaiiy. Ua iaei??th iniaeea?noth ?ae?a?eii?
na?aeiiino? ? neaaea ?ioaioe?iiaeuei?noue.

Ca?aeii c aeine?aeaeaiiyie, i?iaaaeaieie o ?iaio?, iaioaeuei? ianoaiiae
?ae?a?? ia?aaeaa/athoue ?nioaaiiy oaeeo aeaio oei?a: iaioaeuei?
ianoaiiae ??aiy iaee?iaaiiy ? ??aiy niaeoeyoeaiiai. Iioe?aiiy ?
ni?eeiyooy ?ae?a?eieo nenoai oaeiae iia’ycaii c iaioaeueieie oaeoi?aie.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Iaioaeuei?noue iaoee” – i?iaiae?ciaai?
iniaeeaino?, ui i?eoaiaii? iaooe? ye noni?eueiiio ?inoeoooo oa iaoeiaiio
i?ciaiith.

A ia?oo /a?ao, iaioaeuei?noue iaoee, i?iyaey? naaa a ?nioaaii? oiai
oaeoi?a, yeee I.Iaeeae iacaaa “eoeueoo?iei ?ano?nii iaoee”. Aaoi?
?ioa?i?aoo? oeae aene?a ye iicia/aiiy iaioaeueieo ianoaiia o iaooe?.

Ia aeoieo aaoi?a, iaiao?aeii ?ic??ciyoe oaeiae ciai?oi? ? aioo??oi?
oi?ie a iaioaeueieo ianoaiiaao iaoee. Iiaeeo?eiaaia noaia iaoeiaiai
ae?iaieoeoaa Iaeeay – Iaeo’th aeicaiey?, ia iiaeyae aaoi?a, a?eueo
aeaoaeueii i?iaiae?coaaoe ?o aecia/ath/o ?ieue a i?ioeanao i?aai?caoe??
? oi?ioaaiiy iaoeiaiai ciaiiy.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? – “Iaoe?iiaeuei? oeie iaioaeueiino?” – ?icaeyiooi
iaoe?iiaeueio niaoeeo?eaoe?th iaioaeueiino?.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? – “I?iaeaia oeiieia?caoe?? iaoe?iiaeueieo
oa?aeoa??a” – iiaeaii aiae?c ooai?aiiy oa aaiethoe?? o?aaeeoe??
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoe?iiaeueieo oa?aeoa??a, iieacaii i?noea ? ?ieue oaeiai
aiae?co a no/ani?e o?einio?? eoeueoo?e.

Iiaeia oaeiae eiinoaooaaoe ca’ycie oeiieia?? iaoe?iiaeueii?
iaioaeueiino? c ??ciiiai?oieie aaia?ao?/ieie oaeoi?aie. Na?aae
iaeaaaeeea?oeo aaia?ao?/ieo oaeoi??a aieeao ia iaioaeuei? a?aei?iiino?
ne?ae aeacaoe ia iniaeeaino? ee?iaoo, aaia?ao?/ia i?noea ?icoaooaaiiy
e?a?ie aai ?? ?aa?ii?a, iniiai? oi?ie eaiaeoaooo ? o.i.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? – “Iaioae?oao ?in?enueei? eoeueoo?e” – a
eiioaeno? eoeueoo?ieia?/iiai aiae?co ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino? ?in?enueeiai
iaoe?iiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o.

Iaei??th c iaeaaaeeea?oeo iniaeeainoae ?in?enueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaioae?oaoo ? eiai “iiaea?ei?noue”. ?ioeie neiaaie, a no?oeoo?? oe???
eoeueoo?e iiaeia iino?eii aeae?eyoe iiiceoe?ei? ia?e i?ioeeaaeiinoae.
Iiae?aia noaa?eueia neooaoeai?noue i?ioe??/, ui ii?iaeaeo?, c iaeiiai
aieo, i?aeaeuaiee aeeiai?ci ?? naii?icaeoeo, a c ?ioiai, –
eiioe?eoi?noue, ui ia??iaee/ii caaino?th?oueny, aioo??oiuei aeanoeaa
nai?e eoeueoo??, neeaaea? ?? i?aai?/io nai???aei?noue, oeiieia?/io
iniaeea?noue ? iiaea aooe aecia/aia ye a?ia?ia iiiceoe?ei?noue. Iiae?aia
a?ia?i?noue a no?oeoo?? ?in?enueei? eoeueoo?e – aacnoii?aiee ?acoeueoao
“i?eei?aeiiiiai” aaiiie?oe/iiai iieiaeaiiy ?in?? i?ae Noiaeii ? Caoiaeii
oa io?eiaiiai ia i?ioyc? aaaaoueio a?e?a aca?iii?iieeiaiiy ?en o??? /e
?ioi? oeea?e?caoe?e.

Ca aeniiaeii oaeeo aaoi?eoaoieo aeine?aeiee?a, ye I.Aa?aey?a,
Ae.Eeoa/ia, A.Eeth/aanueeee, iaioae?oao ?in?enueei? eoeueoo?e ?noi?e/ii
oi?ioaaany ye neeaaeiee, aeenaa?iii?eiee, iaa??aiiaaaeaiee aaeain nee
?ioaa?aoe?? ? aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? i?ioeeaaeieo oaiaeaioe?e.

O o?aoueiio i?ae?icae?e? – “ Oe?a?inueea aeooa” – ?icaeyiooi oa
i?iaiae?ciaaii aeaye? oa?aeoa?i? ?ene oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaioae?oaoo. Iieacaia caeaaei?noue i?ioean?a oi?ioaaiiy iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oa?aeoa?o a?ae aaia?ao?/ieo /eiiee?a. sseui a iaioaeueiino? iaoeaioe?a
i?ai?/ieo ? i?ai?/ii-no?aeieo caiaeue, oiaoi a ?in??, ca?aeii c aeneiaii
Ae.Eeoa/iaa, ia?aaaaea? “oi?iaia” (“iaueiiia” eee “a?oaeueiia”) ia/aei,
ui aoei iaoiiaeaii iiaeeea?noth aeaeeaaiiy a oeo aaia?ao?/ieo oiiaao
o?eueee aaeeeeo iao??a?oaeueieo ia’?aeiaiue – ?iaeei, oi aeey
oe?a?inueeiai aoiino, ui noi?ioaaany ia ?iaeth/eo /a?iicaiao, iaaiaee,
oa?aeoa?iee ?iaeea?aeoae?ci, ii?aeiaiee c ?aea?th ??aiino?, iiaaae aei
ie?aiiai ?iaeeaeaea oa eiai naiaiaee, aino?a iani?eeiyooy aeaniioecio e
aaniethoii? iiia?o?/ii? aeaaee, ui yne?aai a?aeaeeiny a ii?aeueieo
canaaeao eicaoeueei? ?anioae?ee – Caii??cuee?e N?/?.

Ia aeoieo ?yaeo aeine?aeiee?a, iaei??th c iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee
oe?a?inueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaioaeueiiai oeio ? eiai
aiioe?eii-/ooo?aee oa?aeoa?. Oae? iniaeeaino? ciaoiaeyoue na?e i?iya a
i?eoaiaiiiio oe?a?ioeyi anoaoeci? o?aaeeoe?eii? ia?yaeiino?, a oaeiae a
i?aai?/ii i?eoaiaiieo ?i i’yeiio aoii?? ? i?naiiino?. E??i iacaaiiai,
?yae aeine?aeiee?a aeiaeathoue oaeiae iie??i?noue aeie? ? anueiio
iaieio/iio.

Iaoe?iiaeueiee oa?aeoa? (aai iaoe?iiaeueiee oei iaioaeueiino?) iiaeia
caaaeaee aecia/eoe ye i?eoaiaii? eiaeiiio ia?iaeo iniaeeaino? eiai
nioe?ieoeueoo?ii? “eiio?ao?aoe??”. Oae? iniaeeaino? ? ?acoeueoaoii
aieeao noeoiieo ?noi?e/ieo, nioe?aeueieo, aaia?ao?/ieo oa ?ioeo
oaeoi??a.

A i?aenoieo ne?ae cacia/eoe oaea: yeui iaioaeuei?noue
?in?enueei? eoeueoo?e ? oa?aeoa?iith aeey oae caaiiai oaeo?ie?aoe/iiai
oeio, oi iaioaeuei?noue oe?a?inueei? eoeueoo?e iaeaaeeoue aei
oa?aeoa?iiai aeey cao?aeiiai na?oo oaeanie?aoe/iiai oeio eoeueoo?e, ui
aoei iaoiiaeaii oi?ioaaiiyi ?? “ia oeyoo ?c aa?ya?a o a?aee”
aoiaeaeaiiyi aei ?a?iiaenueei? ni?eueiioe oaiaeaeueieo aea?aeaa, a
ioaea, a?aee?eo?noth eoeueoo?e aei aca?iiaieea?a c ?ioeie.

O aeniiaeao i?aeaeoi i?aenoiee i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy,
oi?ioeththoue iniiai? oai?aoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

NIENIE Ae?OEIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH

AeENA?OAOe??

1.Oeie iaioaeueiinoae a ?noi??? eoeueoo?e. “Ethaeeia: aeoo, aeooa,
o?ei” // A?niee OAeO. – 1999. – ? 429. – N. 15 — 19.

2.Iioieiaey iaioaeueiino?. “Iaoea ? nioe?aeuei? i?iaeaie
noni?euenoaa” // A?niee OAeO. – 1998. – ? 414. – N. 237 — 238.

3.Eoeueoo?a eae iauanoaaiii-enoi?e/aneee oaiiiai. “Aeooaeuei?
i?iaeaie o?einio?? iaoee ? no/anieo oaoiieia?e” // A?niee OAeO. – 1999.
– ? 388. – N. 10 — 12.

4.I?iaeaia aeeaeiae/iinoe neiaiea (ia i?eia?a oai?/anoaa I.A.
Aiaiey). “Na?oiaeyae I.A. Aiaiey: o?einionueei-?ae?a?ei? ooeaiiy” //
A?niee OAeO. – 1998. – ? 400. – N. 86 — 88.

AIIOAOe??

Aaoaei O.?. Iioieia?y iaioaeueiino?: o?einionueei-eoeueoo?ieia?/iee
aiae?c. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?einionueeeo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 09.00.04 – “O?einionueea aio?iiieia?y ?
o?einio?y eoeueoo?e”. Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?e?a,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii o?einionueeiio aeine?aeaeaiith iaioaeueiino?
ye ?ioaa?aoeaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee eoeueoo?e. A aeena?oaoe?? aeae?eaii
iniiai? aoaie o?einionueeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeaie iaioaeueiiai,
a?aene?aeeiaaii iniiai? o?aaeeoe?? eiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a noi?aeieo
aeenoeeie?iao, ui coiiaeee eiai iiyao a o?einio??. Aecia/aii ?ieue ?
cia/aiiy iaioaeueieo ianoaiia o no?oeoo?? i?oo oa ?ae?a??. Cai?iiiiiaaii
?ic??ciyoe aea? oi?ie iaioaeueieo ianoaiia o iaooe?: ciai?oi? ?
aioo??oi?. ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino? iaoe?iiaeueii? oeiieia?? iaioaeueiiai.
Iieacaii ?noi?eei-eoeueoo?io caeaaei?noue i?ioean?a i?eeiyooy oeo /e
?ioeo ?ae?a?eieo nenoai a caeaaeiino? a?ae iaoe?iiaeueieo oei?a
iaioaeueiino?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaioaeuei?noue, nioe?ieoeueoo?ia oe?e?ni?noue,
oeiieia?y, na?aeii?noue, ?iia?aoeai?noue.

Getalo T.E. Ontology of mentality: philosophic-culturological analysis. 
Manuscript.

This dissertation for competition of candidate’s degree philosophy in
specialty 09.00.04 – “Philosophic anthropology and philosophic culture”.
Kharkov State University, Kharkov, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to the philosophical research of mentality
as integrative characteristic of culture. The main ways of philosophical
research of mental problems are investigated, main traditions of its
research in adjacent disciplines are traced which determined its
occurrence in philosophy. Role and significance of mentality statements
in the myth and religion structure is determined. Two forms of mental
statements in science to distinguish is suggested: outerand inner.
Traditional typology of mentality is considered. Historical cultural
dependence of the processes of decision making in different religious
systems depending on their national types of mentality is investigated.

Key words: mentality, social-cultural integrity, typology,
consciousness, imperativeness.

Aaoaei O.A. Iioieiaey iaioaeueiinoe: “oeeinionei-eoeueoo?ieiae/aneee
aiaeec. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeinioneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 09.00.04 – “Oeeinioneay aio?iiieiaey e oeeinioey
eoeueoo?u”. Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Oa?ueeia, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia oeeinioneiio enneaaeiaaieth iaioaeueiinoe eae
iniiaiiieaaathuae eioaa?aoeaiie oa?aeoa?enoeee eoeueoo?u.
Iaiaoiaeeiinoue eniieueciaaiey iiiyoey iaioaeueiinoe a nia?aiaiiie
oeeinioee eoeueoo?u, i?aaeaea anaai, iaoneiaeaia i?iaeieaeathueieny
i?ioeannaie naiiiniciaiey /aeiaaeii naay a ea/anoaa noauaeoa aeooiaiie
aeayoaeueiinoe e ?acoeueoaoii iniuneaiey a oeeinioee ?yaea iniaaiiinoae
noa?u aeooiaiiai, a oaeaea iio?aaiinoyie aeeaeiaa iaaeaeo ?acee/iuie
eoeueoo?aie.

A aeenna?oaoeee iieacaiu i?e/eiu e oneiaey iiyaeaiey iiiyoey e
i?iaeaiaoeee iaioaeueiiai a oeeinioee eoeueoo?u, auaeaeaiu iniiaiua
yoaiu oeeinioneiai enneaaeiaaiey i?iaeaiu iaioaeueiiai, ioneaaeaiu
iniiaiua o?aaeeoeee aai enneaaeiaaiey a niaaeiuo aeenoeeieeiao, eioi?ua
ii?aaeaeeee aai iiyaeaiea a oeeinioee.

Iaioaeueiinoue anaaaea i?aaeiieaaaao iaee/ea nioeei-eoeueoo?iiai
niaea?aeaiey, iiyoiio aa enoi?e/aneay oeiieiaey ii?aaeaeyaony
iniaaiiinoyie enoi?e/aneie oeiieiaee eoeueoo?ii-enoi?e/aneiai i?ioeanna.

Auyaeaiea iniiaiuo oa?aeoa?enoee eaaeaeiai ec aaceniuo oeiia
iaioaeueiinoe niinianoaoao aaeaeaaoiie eioa?i?aoaoeee eiie?aoiiai
enoi?e/aneiai iauanoaa e nicaeaao iniiaaiey aeey aeeaeiaa iaaeaeo
oeeaeeecaoeeyie. A ieaia ooieoeeiiaeueiii iaeaieaa oeaeaniia?acii
aiaeece?iaaoue nouiinoiua oa?aeoa?enoeee iaioaeueiinoe ia i?eia?a
ieoieiaee, ?aeeaee e iaoee. Eo iiaaaeai/aneay e ie?iaicc?ai/aneay
eiia?aoeaiinoue a iaeaieueoae ia?a ?aaeecoaony eiaiii /a?ac i?enouea ei
iaioaeueiua onoaiiaee.

Ieoieiae/aneay iaioaeueiinoue anaaaea i?aaeiieaaaao iaee/ea ianeieueeeo
iaycaoaeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee, eioi?ua auee iieacaiu a aeenna?oaoeeiiiii
enneaaeiaaiee. Iaioaeueiinoue ieoa ia i?aaeiieaaaea i?aaenoaaeaiee i
?aceii ioa?aie/aiee noauaeoa io iauaeoa, enoiaey ec eo iaio/aoeeaiai
?acaeaeaiey. A niioaaonoaee n ieoieiae/aneie iaioaeueiinoueth eaeia-eeai
nouanoai eee iauaeo iiieiaeinue a nouiinoe iaioaeaeeiui io naiaai eiaie.
Neaaeoao ioiaoeoue i?enouoth ieoo ia??aoeaiinoue, eioi?ay
i?aaeiieaaaeanue ieoieiae/aneie iaioaeueiinoueth a ea/anoaa
aaeeinoaaiiiai oieaa?naeueiiai aa?iaiaaoe/aneiai i?eioeeia.

Ioee/eoaeueiuie /a?oaie ?aeeaeiciuo iaioaeueiuo onoaiiaie iiaeii
i?aaeaea anaai ii?aaeaeeoue i?enouoth ei yecenoaioeeaeueiinoue e
o?aaiaaiea “ia?aaeeaaaiinoe”. Aaaeue eiaeeaeae, anee ii iiceoeaii
aini?eieiaao ?aeeaeiciua iieiaeaiey, aeieaeai i?eiyoue eo ia eae
?acoeueoao inouanoaeaiey iiciaaaoaeueiie i?ioeaaeo?u, a oieueei eae eoia
ee/iinoiiai ia?aaeeaaiey. Aua iaeiie iniaaiiinoueth yaeyaony neaaay
eioaioeeiiaeueiinoue. Iaioaeueiua onoaiiaee eiatho aeaienoaaiiue
oa?aeoa?: o?iaiy oeeinionei-niaeoeyoeaiiai e o?iaiy ioe?iaaiey.

?ani?ino?aiaiea e i?eiyoea ?aeeaeiciuo nenoai oaeaea naycaii n
iaioaeueiuie oaeoi?aie. O?iaaiue ?acaeoey e oa?aeoa? ?aeeaeiciuo
i?aaenoaaeaiee a cia/eoaeueiie ia?a caaenyo io iaioaeueiinoe oiai eee
eiiai ia?iaea. N ae?oaie noi?iiu, iniaaiiinoe ?aeeaeiciiai niciaiey a
naith i/a?aaeue ia iiaee ia ieacuaaoue aeeyiey ia oei e oa?aeoa?
iaoeeiiaeueiie iaioaeueiinoe iineaaeiaaoaeae aeaiiie eiioannee. Aeieaeia
nouanoaiaaoue ei??aeyoeey iaaeaeo oeiii ?aeeaee, n iaeiie noi?iiu, e
iai?aaeaiiinoueth iaoeeiiaeueiiai oa?aeoa?a – n ae?oaie.

Iaioaeueiinoue iaoee i?iyaeyaony a nouanoaiaaiee oaeiai oaeoi?a eae
“eoeueoo?iue ?ano?n iaoee”. Aaoi? eioa?i?aoe?oao yoi iiiyoea eae i?eia?u
iaioaeueiuo onoaiiaie a iaoea, eioi?ua nouanoaotho a aeaoo oi?iao:
aioo?aiiea e aiaoiea. Iiaeeoeoee?iaaiiay noaia iao/iiai i?iecaiaenoaa
Iaeeay – Iaeoueth iicaieyao aieaa aeaoaeueii i?iaiaeece?iaaoue eo
ii?aaeaeythuoth ?ieue a i?ioeannao i?aaiecaoeee e oi?ie?iaaiey iao/iiai
ciaiey.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?anniio?aiu iniaaiiinoe iaoeeiiaeueiie oeiieiaee
iaioaeueiiai. Iieacaia enoi?eei-eoeueoo?iay caaeneiinoue i?ioeannia
i?eiyoey oao eee eiuo ?aeeaeiciuo nenoai a caaeneiinoe io iaoeeiiaeueiuo
oeiia iaioaeueiinoe.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaioaeueiinoue, nioeei-eoeueoo?iay oeaeinoiinoue,
oeiieiaey, niciaiea, eiia?aoeaiinoue.

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