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Охорона виїмкових штреків у виробленому просторі за суцільної системи розробки в умовах Червоноармійського району Донбасу: Автореф. дис… канд. техн.

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?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee i?aei?e?inoaa Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai??
Oe?a?ie

IIIIIA?AIEI Iaaei ?aaiiae/

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e i?aecaiii? ?ic?iaee ?iaeiaeu ei?enieo eiiaeei Aeiiaoeueeiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

NAIEOeUeEEE Einoyioei Oaaei?iae/

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo
oi?aae?iiy aeeiai?/ieie i?iyaeaiiyie a??nueeiai oeneo ?inoeoooo
aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie

EO?IINIA Aiaoie?e Oeiio?eiae/

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Aeiiaoeueeee aoa?eueiee aea?aeaaiee ?inoeooo
I?i?noa?noaa aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 21 n?/iy 1999? i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.080.03 ii caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e i?e
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (320027, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee
-27, i?.E.Ia?ena,19)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (320027, i.Aei?i?iiao?ianuee -27,
i?.E.Ia?ena)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 21 eenoiiaaea 1998?

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee e.o.i., aeioeaio
A.A.Oa?/aiei

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie.

Aoa?eueia i?iieneia?noue Oe?a?ie ciaoiaeeoueny a aeeaie?e e?ec?. Ca
ia??iae c 1990 ii 1997 ?iee ianya aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey ciaioeany a 2.2
?ace (c 164.8 aei 75 iei.o). Iecueea i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? ? aeniea
nia?aa?o?noue aoa?eey oe?a?inueeeo oaoo – iniiai? i?e/eie eiai iaaeniei?
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? ia o?eueee ia na?oiaiio ?eieia?, aea e
ana?aaeei? e?a?ie.

Oaooiee oiiae Oe?a?ie aeoaea noa?ee. Ia?aaaaeia a?eueo?noue aoa?eueieo
oaoo aenieoaoo?oueny iiiaae 30 ?ie?a, a iieiaeia on?o oaoo – iiiaae 50
?ie?a. ?aeiino?oeoe?y oaoo i?iaiaeeeanue a?eueo i?ae 20 ?ie?a oiio.

No?aoaa?/iith caaea/ath aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ?
?ano?oeoo?ecaoe?y aaeoc?, ui ?icii/aeany, iaeiae, oaiie ?? iecuee?.
*a?ac ae?ae aaaeeee noai on??? aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ia ia iiaea iaeaeeae/ei
/anii caaacia/eoe aaeeeiianooaai? ?iaioe c ?aeiino?oeoe?? aoa?eueieo
oaoo oa oaeaeeiio cae?eooth oeo c ieo, /ey iiaeaeueoa aenieoaoaoe?y
iaaeioe?eueia.

A aeiiii?/ieo oiiaao, ui neeaeeny, aieiaiith caaea/ath ianooiieo ?ie?a
iiaeiii noaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyo?a, ye? aeicaieyoue iie?ioeoe noai
aaeoc? nenoaiith i??ii?e?inoa c i?i?iaeueieie eai?oaeueieie
aeeaaeaiiyie. ?aoe?iiaeueia i?aeaioiaea ? a?ae?iaea ae?ieiaeo iie?a a
oiiaao ae?th/eo oaoo – iaeia c oaeeo i??ii?e?inoa.

Noiaiiaa nenoaia ?ic?iaee, ui iianthaeii canoiniaoaaeanue ?ai?oa, i?e
ia?aoiae? a??ie/eo ?ia?o ia a?eueo? aeeaeie ii/aea ao?a/aoe nai?
ia?aaaae ye /a?ac cia/iee ?ic?ea o /an? i?ae caaa?oaiiyi a?ae?iaee
ae?ieiaeo noiai?a ? i?aeaioiaeith iiaeo, oae ? /a?ac iecueeo no?ee?noue
ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a.

sse iane?aeie – cia/i? iaoa??aeuei? ? o?oaeia? aeo?aoe ia ia?ae??ieaiiy
oo?ae?a iiia?aaeo eaa, no?eioaaiiy iinoaaiiy inoaii?o, cia/ia c?inoaiiy
aa?oino? aoa?eey oa iia??oaiiy ?ioeo oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a
i/enieo aeai?a.

Oiio c? ca?eueoaiiyi aeeaeie i?iaaaeaiiy a??ie/eo ?ia?o, c ia?aoiaeii
aei a?ae?iaee iaeiiiooaeieo oa iniaeeai aeeeaeiiaaacia/ieo ieano?a
niinoa??aa?oueny no?eea oaiaeaioe?y cai?uaiiy noiaiiai? nenoaie ?ic?iaee
nooe?eueiith. Iaeiae, i?yia ia?aianaiiy aeina?aeo 50-60 ??., eiee oey
nenoaia ?ic?iaee oe?iei canoiniaoaaeanue, iaiiaeeeaa, ai c oeie
ia?aiao?aie nenoaie (iacia/i? ?ici??e ae?ieiaeo iie?a, eaa), iecuee?e
iaoai?caoe?? i/enieo ? caeeaaeieo ?ia?o, ?nioth/eo niiniaao ioi?iie
oo?ae?a ? o.?i. aiia aoaea i?inoi iaeiieo?aioini?iiiaeiith. Ca iei?oieo
oiia aeiaaeeia ae?ieiaiai noiaia ? aeiaaeeia eaae iiaeii? aooe oaeeie,
ye ca noiaiiai? nenoaie ?ic?iaee, oiaoi no?ie ?nioaaiiy ae?iaie o
ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? a ii??aiyii? c 50-60 ??. cia/ii c?inoa?. Oiio
caaea/a ioi?iie ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? ca nooe?eueii?
nenoaie ?ic?iaee ca?ac aeoaea aeooaeueia.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

Iaoa – onoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?iciiae?eo iai?oaeaiue ? ci?uaiue
iaaeiei i?aeaioia/eo ae?iaie a ?icaaioaaeai?e cii? ? ?ic?iaea ia ?o
iniia? niinia?a caaacia/aiiy no?eeino? oa aac?aiiioii? i?aeo?eiee
oo?ae?a o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee.

Aeey ?? aeinyaiaiiy aoee iinoaaeai? ianooii? caaea/?:

Aeine?aeeoe no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? i?aecaiii? ?ic?iaee aoa?eueieo ieano?a
Aeiiaano oa onoaiiaeoe ia?niaeoeae canoinoaaiiy nooe?eueii? nenoaie
?ic?iaee.

Iaa?oiooaaoe oa ?ic?iaeoe aeiiii?ei-iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue ? aeeiiaoe
?ic?aooiie ia?aiao??a nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee.

?ic?iaeoe iaoiae ?ic?aooieo e?eueeino? ca?eie ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie
?ic?iaee c o?ueiia ae?ieiaeie oo?aeaie.

Aeine?aeeoe aieea ia?aiao??a caeeaaeii? nioae ia no?ee?noue ae?iaee, ui
ioi?iiy?oueny ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee.

Aeine?aeeoe iano/o caeaoi?noue e??ieaiiy ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a, ui
ioi?iiy?oueny o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??.

Aeine?aeeoe a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao aieea iaoai?ciaaii? caeeaaeee
cae??iiiai i?inoi?o ionoith ii?iaeith ia ci?uaiiy eiioo?a ae?iaee.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy ii??ae
*a?aiiia?i?enueeiai ?aeiio Aeiiaano ye caeeaaeiiai iaoa??aeo.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aiae?c iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio (IAeN) ii?iaeiiai ianeao
/eneiaeie iaoiaeaie, a?coaeuei? niinoa?aaeaiiy oa iaoo?i? aei??e
ci?uaiue eiioo?a ae?iaee, i?iieneia? aei?iaoaaiiy iaoai?ciaaiiai niiniao
caeeaaeee ionoith ii?iaeith, eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeanoeainoae
caeeaaeiiai iaoa??aeo.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ui caoeuathoueny o aeena?oaoe??:

1. Aac?aiiioia i?aeo?eiea a?aeeioiiai i?ii?aeiiai oo?aea, i?ieaeaiiai
ne?aeii ca eaaith a ?icaaioaaeai?e cii?, aeinyaa?oueny eiai ioi?iiith
caeeaaeiith nioaith oe?eiith 20-22 i ca iiaeoey i?oaeiino? A3 ( 0.1 a?ae
iiaeoey THiaa ii?iaee iie??ae? ? iaoai?ciaaiith caeeaaeeith cae??iiiai
i?inoi?o iiae??aiaiith ii?iaeith.

2. A?eiaa e??ieaiiy c niaoei?io?eth NAI-22, onoaiiaeaia c e?ieii 1 i,
caaacia/o? no?ee?noue i?ii?aeiiai a?aeeioiiai oo?aeo, ui ioi?iiy?oueny o
ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? caeeaaeiith nioaith ia aeeaei? I ( 800 i?e
i?oeiino? ii??ae iie??ae? ia noeniaiiy 40 IIa.

3. Iaoai?ciaaia caeeaaeea iiae??aiaii? ii?iaee c ?ici??aie eone?a, ui ia
ia?aaeuothoue 70 ii cae??iiiai i?inoi?o i?ae eiioo?ii ia?a??co ae?iaee o
i?io?aeoe? ? e??ieeueieie ?aiaie, ui aei??aith? 0.35 – 0.4 i, ni?ey?
a?eueo ??aiii??iiio iaaaioaaeaiith e??ieaiiy ? cieaeo? cnoiaiiy iie??ae?
a 1.8-2.0 ?ace a ii??aiyii? c caiiaiaiiyi oeueiai i?inoi?o aea?aaii ?
ionoith ii?iaeith a?o/io.

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ?acoeueoao?a
oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue a?ae?iaee ae?ieiaeo iie?a 11-i? i?aaeaiii?,
11-i? i?ai?/ii? oa 12-i?aaeaiii? eaa ca nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee c
o?ueiia ae?ieiaeie oo?aeaie ia oaoo? ?1/3 “Iiaia?iaeianueea” AeOE
“Nae?aeiaaoa?eey”.

Iaoeiao iiaecio noaiiaeyoue ianooii? io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe:

1. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co o?eaei??iiai iai?oaeaiiai noaio ianeao c
aeei?enoaiiyi e?eoa??y Ia?/aanueeiai-Oaoaiea io?eiaia iiaa caeaaei?noue
iaeneiaeueiiai aea?aaeaioiiai iai?oaeaiiy a iie??ae? ae?ieiaiai oo?aeo,
ui ioi?iiy?oueny o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??, a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iiaeoeae
i?oaeiino? caeeaaeii? nioae ? ii?iaee iie??ae?. Onoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue
aeicaiey? aecia/aoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e caeeaaeii? nioae, ui
ioi?iiy? i?ii?aeiee a?aeeioiee oo?ae o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??.

2. Aia?oa anoaiiaeaia caeaaei?noue, yea ii?aeio? iaeneiaeuei? ii?iaeuei?
iai?oaeaiiy a e??ieaii? i?aeaioia/i? ae?iaee c ia?aiao?ii (n/((, ui
oa?aeoa?eco? oiiae ?ic?iaee. Io?eiaia caeaaei?noue aeicaiey? aecia/eoe
iaeanoue iiaeeeaiai canoinoaaiiy iaoaeaaiai e??ieaiiy c niaoei?io?eth
NAI (aeeaeio ?ic?iaee ? i?oei?noue ai?uoth/eo ii??ae).

3. Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy
onoaiiaeaiee aieea ia?aiao??a nenoaie ?ic?iaee ia aaee/eio nia?aa?oino?
1 o aoa?eey, ye? a?ae??ciythoueny oei, ui ca iaeieo ? oeo aea
oaeaeeinoae iinoaaiiy aeaith ca?eueoaiiy iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aeiaaeeie
ae?ieiaiai noiaia ? aeiaaeeie eaae ciaioothoue nia?aa?o?noue aoa?eey ca
aaniethoiith aaee/eiith, a i?e ca?eueoaii? oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai
aeaith a?aeiinia ciaioaiiy nia?aa?oino? iaeeiaeiaa ca aoaeue-yei?
iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aeiaaeei? ae?ieiaiai noiaia ? aeiaaeei? eaae.

Onoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? aeicaieythoue ieaioaaoe nia?aa?o?noue
aeiaooiai aoa?eey a caeaaeiino? a?ae oaeaeeino? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai
aeaith i?e caaeaieo iiooaeiino? ieanoa, aeiaaeei? eaae oa aeiaaeei?
ae?ieiai? ae?eyiee.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ice?eoo? caeiiii??iinoae ?iciiae?eo
iai?oaeaiue ? ci?uaiue iaaeiei ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a, ioi?iiy?ieo o
ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??, a ciiao, ui caciathoue aieeao i/enieo ?ia?o, ?
a?aooaaii? ?o a i?ioean? iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a caeeaaeii? nioae oa
e??ieaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo
iioeiaeueieo ca aa?o?noth ia?aiao??a nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee ?
iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a caeeaaeii? nioae oa
e??ieaiiy ae?ieiaiai oo?aea, ui ioi?iiy?oueny o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??.

Oaoiieia?y iaoai?ciaaiiai nii?oaeaeaiiy caeeaaeieo nioa ? caaoo?aee
cae??iiiai i?inoi?o c ia?aiao?aie, ui aecia/ai? ca ?ic?iaeaieie
iaoiaeeeaie, aeei?enoai? i?ae /an a?ae?iaee o?ueio ae?ieiaeo iie?a ca
nooe?eueiith nenoaiith ?ic?iaee ia oaoo? ? 1/3 “Iiaia?iaeianueea” AeOE
“Nae?aeiaaoa?eey”.

Iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a nooe?eueii? nenoaie
?ic?iaee ai?iaaaeaeaia i?ae /an i?aeaioiaee ca oe??th nenoaiith
ae?ieiaeo iie?a ia oaooao AeOE “Nae?aeiaaoa?eey”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue,

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue ia iaoeia?e
eiioa?aioe?? (Oaoiiaaii? ?ano?ne Oe?a?ie( (Ee?a, 1996?.),
i?aeaoc?anuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noaiiaeaiiy
oe?a?inueei? aeiiii?ee” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,1996?.), i?aeaoc?anuee?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aeieiai-aeiiii?/i? i?iaeaie ?ica?aeee,
?ic?iaee oa caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei Oe?a?ie” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
1997?.), ia?o?e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? “Aaioaoi?/ia iaoai?ea
inai?iiy iaae?”, i?enay/ai?e 95-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy aeaaeai?ea
IAI Oe?a?ie Iieyeiaa I.N. (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998 ?.), i?aeia?iaei?e
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “OO? noi??//y – i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae
inai?iiy ?iaeiaeu ei?enieo eiiaeei” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1998 ?.), ia
oaoi?/ieo ?aaeao AeOE “Nae?aeiaaoa?eey” (Aeeieo?iai, 1997, 1998 ??.), ia
iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao IAA Oe?a?ie (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997, 1998 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??.

Ca iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaai? 11 i?aoeue, a oiio /ene? 1
iiiia?ao?y, 6 noaoae a iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, 4 noaoo? o ca??ieeao
iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??

Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, /ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a ? aeniiaeo,
aeeeaaeaia ia 149 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 32 ?enoiea,
10 oaaeeoeue, nienie e?oa?aoo?e c 116 iaeiaioaaiue oa 5 aeiaeaoe?a, ui
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue i?aeoe/ia aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe ? ?o
i?iieneiaa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? aeine?aeaeai? no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? i?aecaiii? ?ic?iaee
aoa?eueieo ieano?a Aeiiaano ? aecia/ai? ia?niaeoeae canoinoaaiiy
nooe?eueii? nenoaie ?ic?iaee, aeaia ei?ioea oa?aeoa?enoeea
a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo oiia *a?aiiia?i?enueeiai ?aeiio Aeiiaano, aecia/ai?
iniaeeaino? i?iaaaeaiiy oa ioi?iie ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a ca nooe?eueii?
nenoaie ?ic?iaee ? aeeiiaiee e?eoe/iee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue ioi?iie ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a ia iaae? oa aaciina?aaeiuei o
ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??.

Ca aeiiiiiaith aiae?co aeaieo i?aeoeee ? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue
?ioeo aaoi??a anoaiiaeaii, ui noiaiiaa nenoaia ?ic?iaee, yea iianthaeii
canoiniaoaaeany ?ai?oa, i?e ia?aoiae? a??ie/eo ?ia?o ia a?eueo? aeeaeie
ii/aea ao?a/aoe nai? ia?aaaae ye /a?ac cia/iee ?ic?ea o /an? i?ae
caaa?oaiiyi a?ae?iaee ae?ieiaeo noiai?a ? i?aeaioiaeith iiaeo, oae ?
/a?ac iecueeo no?ee?noue ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a.

Aiae?c ci?ie ieoiii? aaae ?ic?iaee o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie
na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui ia aeeaei? aei 600 i /anoea noiaiiai? nenoaie
neeaae? 68%, eiia?iiaaii? – 19%, a nooe?eueii? – 13%. Ia aeeaei? a?ae
600 aei 1000 i ieoiia aaaa noiaiiai? nenoaie ciaioo?oueny aei 39%, a
nooe?eueii?, iaaiaee, ca?eueoo?oueny c 13% aei 24%. Oey nenoaia ?ic?iaee
ia o?eueee onoaa? iniiai? iaaeie?ee noiaiiai? nenoaie, aea e a?eueo
aeieia?/ia /a?ac oa, ui any ii?iaea a?ae i?iaaaeaiiy ae?iaie
caeeoa?oueny o oaoo?.

O ia?niaeoea? aeeiaiiy ieano?a iiooaei?nothII?ICIA ?aai Oeiio?eiae/Ioi?iia ae?ieiaeo oo?ae?a o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? i?e nooe?euei?e nenoai? ?ic?iaee a oiiaao *a?aiiia?i?enueeiai ?aeiio Aeiiaano(Aaoi?aoa?ao)I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 19.11.1198 ?. Oi?iao 30o42/4. Iai??Polspeed. ?ecia?aoey. Oiiai. ae?oe. a?e. 1.0. Iae?eiai-aeaeaai. a?e.-1.0. Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. ?Aaceiooiaii.?AE IAA Oe?a?ie320600, AeNI, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 27, i?.E.Ia?ena, 19PAGE 1

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