OA?NIINUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AI?IOIA AIEIAeEIE? IEAEN?EIAE*

OAeE 677.-1. 022

IAeA?AEAIIss E?O*AII? I?ssAE? NEI?I*AIEI NIINIAII

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.19.03 – Oaoiieia?y

oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai

nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

OA?NII – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, sseei/oe ?aae?e Iaeeaae?eiae/,

Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, ia?oee i?i?aeoi?

c o/aiai? oa aeoiaii? ?iaioe, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith i?yae?iiy
iaoo?aeueieo oa o?i?/ieo aieieii

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? *oa?i Aaea??e A?oae?eiae/,

Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoth/ee

eaoaae?ith oeaoeoaa oa aeecaeio

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, sseoaianueea Oaia?a Ieaenaiae??aia,
Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo oaenoeeueii? i?iieneiaino?,
caa?aeoth/a eaai?aoi???th.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa

Aea?aeaaia aeaaeai?y eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
iaoa??aeiciaanoaa oa oaoiieia?? ia?a?iaee oaenoeeueieo aieieii,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “16”ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee Ae 67.052.02 a Oa?niinueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 325008, i. Oa?nii, Aa?eneaanueea oina, 24

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?niinueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ca aae?anith: 325008, i. Oa?nii,
Aa?eneaanueea oina, 24

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “16” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
sseei/oe ?.I.

1

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Aaaiiee aianie o iiiiaiaiiy athaeaeaoo aea?aeaae
caaaeaee aeeaaeaea oaenoeeueia i?iieneia?noue. Oiio, a ia??iae e?eciaiai
noaio aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie aaaeeeai, a ia?oo /a?ao, caaacia/eoe
noaa?e?caoe?th ?iaioe oe??? aaeoc?.

Iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo oaenoeeueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie
iieyaathoue o a?aeiiaeaii? ani?oeiaioo ? noai?aii? iiaeo
?ano?nicaa??aath/eo ? iaeia?aeo?aeieo oaoiieia?e, ui caaeiaieueiythoue
aeiiaai ?aoe?iiaeueiiai oa aeiiii?/iiai aeei?enoaiiy an?o aeae?a
iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a. Oe? oaiaeaioe?? coiiaeai?, aieiaiei /eiii,
aeaiia ia’?eoeaieie oaeoi?aie:

— iaiao?aei?noth caaeiaieaiiy iiieoo ianaeaiiy ia iia? oaenoeeuei?
ae?iae aenieiai ??aiy yeino?, ui a?aeiia?aeaei a i?aeia?iaeiei
noaiaea?oai ? aeicaieeei a ooieoe?iioaaiith ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei,
eiieo?aioe?th ia aioo??oiueiio ? iniaeeai ciai?oi?o ?eieao;

— a oiiaao ianoa/? ne?iaeie, neeaaeiiai o?iainiaiai noaio ? ?icaaeo
noa?eo aeiiii?/ieo ca’yce?a ae?iaieoeoai iiaeiii cae?enithaaoeny ca
?aooiie aeiiii?? ne?iaeie, aia?aaoe/ieo ? iaoa??aeueieo ?ano?n?a.

Oiio iaaoaathoue aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy ieoaiiy ? iaoeia? ?ic?iaee a aaeoc?
noai?aiiy ia?niaeoeaieo oaoiieia?e. Iaei??th c oiia i?aeoe/iiai ??oaiiy
iinoaaeaieo caaaeaiue ? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo niinia?a io?eiaiiy e?o/aii?
i?yae? c niieo/aiiyi aeae?eueeio oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aoiae?a. Oaeei
niiniaii ? iaeiii?ioeania i?yae?iiy ? e?oo?iiy.

A?aoiaoth/e, ui aeueoa?iaoeae e?eueoeaaiio i?yae?iith iiee ua iaia?
(ia?oueny ia oaac? ye?noue ae?iaeaii? i?yae?, oi?aa?naeuei?noue
canoinoaaiiy, ca aeaeaie aieieii, ui ia?a?iaeythoueny ? ae?aiaciio
e?i?eieo u?eueiinoae), aaeineiiaeaiiy oeueiai niiniao i?yae?iiy ?
aeooaeueiith caaea/ath.

Niin?a, yeee io?eiaa ?iciianthaeaeaiiy a a?aa?iiiio i?yae?ii? aiaie,
i?aaenoaaey? ?ioa?an ? aeey i?yae?iiy aaaiaie.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, oaiaie. A?aoiaoth/e ?aaeuei?
iio?aae ae?iaieoeoaa a ??oaii? caaaeaiue noai?aiiy ?ano?nicaa??aath/eo
oaoiieia?e, i?iaaaeaii eiiieaen iaoeiaeo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o.
?iaioe aeeiioaaeeny ia eaoaae?? “I?yae?iiy iaoo?aeueieo ? o?i?/ieo
aieieii” Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii ae. o. i., i?ioani?a sseei/oea ?. I., oa aeioeaioa
Eaaaiiaa A. I. ca ?aieaie ainiiaea?/iaeiaia??ieo oaiaoee.

Iaoeia? ?ic?iaee noai?ai? a iai?yieo “?ano?nicaa??aath/? oaoiieia??
ae?iaieoeoaa oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a” ? caaea/, aeeeaaeaieo o
aea?aeaai?e i?ia?ai? ?icaeoeo eaaei? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie ia ia??iae
aei 2000 ?ieo.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeaii? ?iaioe ? io?eiaiiy
eiieo?aioiini?iiiaeii? e?o/aii? i?yae? oeyoii ?ic?iaee iaoeiai
iaa?oioiaaii? ?ano?nicaa??aath/i? oaoiieia??.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii:

— aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/eoe oaeoi?e, ui nooo?ai aieeaathoue ia ye?noue
e?o/aii? i?yae?, io?eiaii? nei?i/aiei niiniaii;

— ?ic?iaeoe eiino?oeoe?th i?eno?ith, ui i?aeaeuo? iaae?ei?noue ?
caaacia/o? ?aae?caoe?th iaeiii?ioeaniiai niiniao io?eiaiiy e?o/aii?
i?yae?;

— aeaoe aiae?c i?e/ei ia?eaiino? aeine?aeii? e?o/aii? ieoee i?e ??
oi?ioaaii? ia oaoiieia?/iiio iaeaaeiaii?;

— ?ic?iaeoe oa aeine?aeeoe oeyoe cieaeaiiy iaoyao oa ia?eaiino? ia
e?eueoeai?yaeeeueieo iaoeiao i?e ae?iaieoeoa? e?o/aii? i?yae? nei?i/aiei
niiniaii;

— i?iaanoe aeine?aeaeaiiy o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo iieaciee?a e?o/aii? i?yae?,
io?eiaii? iiaei niiniaii;

— c?iaeoe no?oeoo?iee aiae?c i?yae? nei?i/aiiai niiniao ae?iaieoeoaa;

— io?eiaoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue, ui ca’yco? i?ae niaith oaoiieia?/i?
ia?aiao?e iaoeie c? aeanoeainoyie iaea?aeaii? i?yae?;

— aeaoe ioe?ieo aeiiii?/i?e aoaeoeaiino? iiaiai niiniao io?eiaiiy
e?o/aii? i?yae?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ne?aeoth/iio:

— ?ic?iaeaia iaoeiaa i?aenoaaa aeey iaea?aeaiiy aaaiaiyii? e?o/aii?
i?yae? nei?i/aiei niiniaii;

— ?ic?iaeaiee ? aei?iaoaaiee eiia?iiaaiee i?eno??e noaaeaiiy ca
iayai?noth o?eeooieea e?oo?iiy, yeee a?aeaa?oa? iiyao a?aeo i?yae? ?
aeicaiey? cieceoe e?euee?noue a?aeoiae?a o i?yae?ii?;

— io?eiaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aieeao aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ianaaeee
ia iaoya;

— ?ic?iaeaia ? noai?aia ianaaeea aa?aoaia, ui aeicaieeoue ca ?aooiie
ciaioaiiy ?aae?ono aaeiio cieceoe iaoya o o?eeooieeo e?oo?iiy, caaaeyee
oeueiio — noaa?e?coaaoe oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean io?eiaiiy e?o/aii? i?yae?
nei?i/aiei niiniaii;

— cai?iiiiiaaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aieeao ia?aiao??a cai?aaee
e?eueoeai?yaeeeueii? iaoeie ia aeanoeaino? i?yae? nei?i/aiiai niiniao
ae?iaieoeoaa.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a iiaeeeaino?
?icoe?aiiy ani?oeiaioo e?o/aii? i?yae? ca ?aooiie ?aae?caoe?? a
i?iieneiaino? iaeiii?ioeaniiai i?yae?iiy oa e?oo?iiy. Aeei?enoaiiy
oeueiai niiniao aeicaieeoue:

? i?aeaeueoe i?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? ? iaeaaeiaiiy;

? cieceoe aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a??;

? nei?ioeoe ae?iaie/? ieiu?;

? cieceoe ao?aoe ne?iaeie ? /enaeuei?noue iniiaieo ?ia?oiee?a.

?aae?caoe?y nei?i/aiiai niiniao io?eiaiiy e?o/aii? i?yae? iaaea?
iiaeeea?noue a?aeiiaeoeny a?ae caeoiee aei?iaieiooiaiiai e?ooeeueiiai
iaeaaeiaiiy ca ei?aeiiii, ui aeicaieeoue oaenoeeueiei i?aei?e?inoaai
a?eueo ?aoe?iiaeueii ? aoaeoeaii aeei?enoaoe na?e ae?iaie/ee iioaioe?ae,
noai?aiee a ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa? Oe?a?ie.

Cai?iiiiiaaia eiino?oeoe?y i?ioeaaeiiii? ianaaeee aeicaiey?
noaa?e?coaaoe oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean io?eiaiiy i?yae? ca nei?i/aiei
niiniaii ? cieceoe ia?eai?noue ia 5%.

?iaioa iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaia ia aoaeue-ye?e aaaiaiyi?e oaa?eoe?.

Iaoiaeeea aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aaeaa/aea oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
caniae aeine?aeaeaiiy a eaai?aoi?ieo oa ae?iaie/eo oiiaao. Ia’?eoii
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea aaaiaiyia i?yaea nei?i/aiiai niiniao ae?iaieoeoaa
(NNA) c aeaio ??aieoeue ?acoeueooth/i? e?i?eii? u?eueiino? 40.17 oaen ?
e?o/aii? i?yae? oaei? ae e?i?eii? u?eueiino?, io?eiaii? ca eeane/iith
oaoiieia??th (eeane/ia).

Ii??aithaaeuei? i?yae? ae?iaeai? ia Oa?niinueeiio aaaiaiyiiio eiia?iao?
(AAO “OAE”). I?yaea NNA ae?iaeyeany ia e?eueoeai?yaeeeuei?e iaoei?
I-76-5I6.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ca iioei?caoe??th
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a, eiino?oeoeaieo oa?aeoa?enoee ianaaeie aa?aoaia
oa ?oiueiai aieeao ia ye?ni? iieacieee i?yae?.

Ia?iaea ? aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioo aeeiioaaeeny caniaaie
iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, ?aa?an?eiiai oa ei?aeyoe?eiiai aiae?co. Iiieeee
aeine?aeo ia ia?aaeuoaaee 2,5-3,0%. Ioe?iea o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo iieaciee?a
yeino? i?yae? i?iaiaeeeany ca aeiiiiiaith ?nioth/eo aea?aeaaieo
noaiaea?o?a oa caaaeueiii?eeiyoeo iaoiaeee, iniiaieie c yeeo ? AeNOO
2535-94, AINO 6611.1-73 “Ieoe oaenoeeueiua. Iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey eeiaeiie
ieioiinoe (oieueiu)”, AINO 6611.2-73 “Ieoe oaenoeeueiua. Iaoiaeu
ii?aaeaeaiey ?ac?uaiie iaa?ocee e ?ac?uaiiai oaeeeiaiey”, i?e ioe?ioe?
ai?nenoino? a?aea?? ? aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeeny a a?aeiia?aeiino? c AINO
6611.0-73, oa AINO 6611.4-73. “Ecia?aiey, iaoiaeu ia?aaioee
?acoeueoaoia, ii?aaeaeaiea ioeaiie e aeiaa?eoaeueiuo a?aieoe aeey
ia?aiao?ia ii?iaeueiiai ?ani?aaeaeaiey” AINO 11.004-74 oa AINO 8.207-76.

Ia?iaea io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeeany ia AII ca aeiiiiiaith
i?ea?iaeueii? i?ia?aie ia iia? Turbo Basin, i?ia?aie “Matlab 5.2.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a.

Eiiieaen iaoeiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue, iaaaaeaieo o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?,
aeeiiaiee aaoi?ii, a oaeiae cae?eniaii iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoeiaeo
?acoeueoao?a, e?eoe/ia aea/aiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? ?ioi?iaoe?? oa
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e o ae?iaieoeoai. C ?ia?o, aeeiiaieo o
ni?aaaoi?noa?, ia caoeno aeianaii eeoa iaoa??ae, ui iaeaaeeoue aaoi?o.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia oaoi?/i?e ?aae? Oa?niinueeiai aaaiaiyiiai eiia?iaoo
(OAE), iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo, ?icoe?aiiio can?aeaii? eaoaae?e
i?yae?iiy iaoo?aeueieo ? o?i?/ieo aieieii Oa?niinueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Ioae?eaoe?? ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??. Aeeth/athoue 7 ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeue,
a naia: 5 noaoae o iaoeiaeo ca??ieeao, 1 noaooy o i?ia?aeiiio oaoiaiio
aeaeaii?, 1 iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ia aeaeaiiy iaoaioo Oe?a?ie.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya ?iaioe.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i’yoe ?icae?e?a,
caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a.
Aeena?oaoe?y i?noeoue 110noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, ia?ae?e e?oa?aoo?e c
116 iaeiaioaaiue, 25 iaethie?a, 27 oaaeeoeue ? aeiaeaoe?a.

A aeiaeaoeao i?aaenoaaeai? aeoe aei?iaoaaiue, i?ii?aei? iaoaiaoe/i?
aeiaaaeaiiy, oaaeeoe? aeiiii?aeieo oeeo?iaeo aeaieo, ?ic?aooiie
aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?iiaai? iaoa oa caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeacai? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, a?aecia/aii iaoeiao
iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

?icae?e 1. “Aiae?oe/iee iaeyae oa caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy”

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c no/aniiai noaiiaeua i?e
e?eueoeaaiio niinia? i?yae?iiy, ia?aaaae ? iniiai? iai?yiee eiai
?icaeoeo. ?icaeyioo? ??ciiiai?oi? niiniae iaea?aeaiiy e?o/aii? i?yae?.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeiei c iniiaieo ?aca?a?a ca?eueoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
e?eueoeai?yaeeeueieo iaoei ? canoinoaaiiy ia oeeo iaoeiao iiaiai niiniao
i?yae?iiy ? e?oo?iiy.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c i?e/ei, ui ia?aoeiaeaeathoue ?aae?caoe?? nei?i/aiiai
niiniao iaea?aeaiiy e?o/aii? i?yae?. Aeyaeai? i?e/eie ia?eaiino?
e?o/aii? i?yae?, ae?iaeaii? nei?i/aiei niiniaii. A ?nioth/eo aeoyaeieo
i?eeaaeao onoaiiaeaia iaaaioaaeaiiy ci?ith?oueny a i?ioean? ?iaioe
iaoeie.

Aeey ii?iaeueiiai i?ioiaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano aeoyaoaaiiy ia
e?eueoeai?yaeeeueieo iaoeiao ?noioia cia/aiiy ia? aaee/eia iaaaioaaeaiiy
oa eiai o?eaae?noue o i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe??.

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo ia oaia??oi?e /an eiino?oeoe?e aaoiiaoe/iiai
? iaoai?/iiai eiio?ieth oa o?enaoe?? ia?eao iaeiiai c aeaio eiiiiiaio?a
e?o/aii? i?yae?.

Iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e iieacaa, ui e?eueoeai?yaeeeuei? iaoeie ia?niaeoeai? oa
aeiiii?/ii aoaeoeai? aeey ae?iaeaiiy e?o/aii? i?yae? ca nei?i/aiei
niiniaii, aea i?e oeueiio iio?aaothoue a?oioiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue
i?iaeaie i?aeaeuaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino? iaeaaeiaiiy.

?icae?e 2. “?ic?iaea ? aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyo?a cieaeaiiy iaoyao oa
ia?eaiino? ia e?eueoeai?yaeeeuei?e iaoei? aeey iaea?aeaiiy e?o/aii?
i?yae? ca nei?i/aiei niiniaii.”

C iaoith cieaeaiiy iaoyao a iaaacia/i?e cii? ? noaa?e?caoe??
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaea?aeaiiy e?o/aii? i?yae? ca nei?i/aiei
niiniaii aoee i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

? c iie?auaiiy ?iaioe aocea “’e?eueoea-a?aoiie”, yeee ?noioii aieeaa? ia
eeoa ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue e?eueoeai?yaeeeueii? iaoeie, aea e ia no?oeoo?o
? ia??aiioo i?yae?;

? c ?ic?iaee iioeiaeueii? eiino?oeoe?? i?ioeaaeiiii? ianaaeee c
i?i?iaeueiei iaoyaii i?yae? aeey nei?i/aiiai niiniao i?yae?iiy.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue aoee aeaioiaeai? ??ciiiai?oi?
eiino?oeoe?? i?ioeaaeiiieo ianaaeie, ye? anoaiiaethaaeeny ia aa?aoaiao
e?eueoeai?yaeeeueii? iaoeie I-66-5I7. Eiino?oeoe?y ianaaeie aeicaieyea
ae?iaeyoe cai?io ?? aieiaie.

I?e ?iaio? i?ioeaaeiiieo ianaaeie aecia/aia a?aenoaiue a?ae
ieoeii?ia?aeieea aei ianaaeee. Noaa?euei?noue i?ioeano caaacia/oaaeanue
i?e a?aenoai? 5-6 ii.

Eiino?oeoe?y i?ioeaaeiiii? ianaaeee iiaea iaoe aaeeeo ??ciiiai?oi?noue
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy oi?i ? ?ici???a. C iaoith aecia/aiiy iioeiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a ianaaeee ? aieeao eiaeiiai /eiieea ia iaoya i?yae? aoa
i?iaaaeaiee iiaiee oaeoi?iee aenia?eiaio. Ca e?eoa??e iioei?caoe??
aea?aiee i?i?iaeueiee iaoya i?yae? i?ae ieoeii?ia?aeieeii oa
eiio?iethth/ei i?eno?i?i. Iaoya aecia/aiee ca oaiciiao?e/iei iaoiaeii.

Aiae?c io?eiaii? iiaeae? iieaco?, ui iaea?eueo aieeaa? ia iaoya i?yae?
i?ae o?eeooieeii e?oo?iiy oa ieoeii?ia?aeieeii ae?aiao? o?ea
i?ioeaaeiiii? ianaaeee.

Aeey ii?iaeueiiai i?ioiaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaea?aeaiiy
e?o/aii? i?yae? nei?i/aiei niiniaii ia e?eueoeai?yaeeeuei?e iaoei? o?ei
i?ioeaaeiiii? ianaaeee iiaeiii aooe aeaioiaeaia c? no?eaeiy oaeiai
ae?aiao?o, yeee ia ia?aaeuo? aioo??oi?e ae?aiao? ii/aoeo.

?icae?e 3.“?ic?iaea eiino?oeoe?? i?eno?ith noaaeaiiy ca iayai?noth
o?eeooieea e?oo?iiy.”

I?e ia?ea? iaei??? c a?eie o?eeooieea e?oo?iiy ooai?th?oueny a?ae. Aoa
?ic?iaeaiee i?eno??e, ui aeicaiey? i?aeaeueoe iaae?ei?noue a?aeeeth/aiiy
aeeiiaa/iai iaoai?cio i?e ia?ea? ie/ie aai i?yae?.

Ia iniia? aeie-noaie oi?aae?iiy (?en.1) ? noaie aeaeo?e/ii? i?eioeeiiai?
aoa aeaioiaeaiee eaai?aoi?iee c?acie i?eno?ith, no?oeoo?ia noaia yeiai
iieacaia ia ?enoieo 2

?en. 1 Aeie-noaia eiio?iethth/iai i?eno?ith

?en. 2 No?oeoo?ia noaia i?eno?ith aaoiiaoe/iiai noaaeaiiy ca iayai?noth
o?eeooieea e?oo?iiy

I?eno??e, i?aaenoaaeaiee ia ?enoieo 2, neeaaea?oueny c aaaeaey, iaeia
iea/a yeiai – eiioaeoiee uoi c iiaeeea?noth oiaeo a ?ioa?aae?
ia?ai?uaiiy oi/ee ne?o/oaaiiy ii oeaio?aeuei?e in? i?yae?iiy, a ?ioa
iea/a ia? ooi?eo oioiaeaeo?e/iiai aei??thaaeueiiai i?eeaaeo, aeo?ae
yeiai ca’ycaiee c aeeiiaa/ei iaoai?ciii coieiaiiy iiaea/? ??aieoe? a
aeoyaeiee i?eeaae.

Ia e?aneaii? (?en.2) iiaeaia no?oeoo?ia noaia i?eno?ith. Oioiaeaeo?e/iee
aei??thaaeueiee i?eeaae (1) ia?ai?uothoue o ieiuei? oeaio?aeueii? in?
i?yae?iiy II* oeyoii ieineiai /ioe?eeaieiaiai iaoai?cio c? no?eei?,
cae??ieaii? ia aaeoe? i?yaeeeueii? iaoeie, a ciio o?eeooieea e?oo?iiy
AAN.

Ia?ai?uothoue ?aaoethth/ee aaioaae (2) ii iea/o eiioaeoiiai uoia (3)
aaaeaey (4) ? aaiaeyoue eiioaeoiee uoi a ?ioa?aae AAe iano?eeiai
ia?ai?uaiiy oi/ee ne?o/oaaiiy A ii oeaio?aeuei?e in? i?yae?iiy II*.
Eiioaeoiee uoi (3) aaaeaey (4) eiioaeoo? c i?aee?o/aieie ie/eaie (5, 6)
a oi/oe? ne?o/oaaiiy A ? i?a?o? c iath c ?ioa?aaeo iano?eeiai
ia?ai?uaiiy AAe ii oeaio?aeuei?e in? i?yae?iiy II a ?ioa?aae noaeiai
ia?ai?uaiiy AA* ii oe?e aea in?, ?a?no?oth/e iayai?noue o?eeooieea
e?oo?iiy AAN i?e ae?iaieoeoa? e?o/aii? i?yae? (8).

I?e ia?ea? iaei??? c ie/ie aai i?yae? cieea? o?eeooiee e?oo?iiy AAN.
Eiioaeoiee uoi iionea?oueny aiec, ni?aoeueiao? aei??thaaeueiee i?eeaae
(1), aeo?ae yeiai /a?ac oi?ioaaoaeue neaiaeo (14) ca’ycaiee c i?eno?i?i
aeey i?eieiaiiy iiaea/? ??aieoe?.

I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?iaioe aeaiiai i?eno?ith
iieacaee eiai aenieo iaae?ei?noue ? aoaeoeai?noue.

?icae?e 4. “Ii??aiyeueia aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e, aeanoeainoae i?yae?
nei?i/aiiai niiniao ae?iaieoeoaa ? e?o/aii? i?yae?”

I?yaea NNA e?i?eii? u?eueiino? 20wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy7??????—?? ???&? ?MathType??
????u@th??????I?e ae?iaieoeoa? e?o/aii? i?yae? iaeiii?ioeaniei
niiniaii aaaeeeaa cia/aiiy ia? aea?? iioeiaeueii? aaee/eie e?ooee. A?ae
/enea e?oo?iiy caeaaeeoue ye?noue i?yae?, yea aeionea?oueny, ?
??aiiaaaei?noue ieoee, oa?aeoa?ii? aeey e?o/aii? i?yae?.

Aeey aea/aiiy aieeao ??ciiiai?oiiai /enea e?oo?iiy ia aeanoeaino?
aeine?aeii? i?yae?, ia iaoei? I-76-5I6 oeyoii ci?iii? e?ooeeueii?
oanoa?i?, i?yae? i?eaeaaaeany e?ooea 850-1014 e?/i..

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue ii??aiyeueieo aeae?a i?yae? ca noaiaea?oieie
iieacieeaie yeino? iiaeai? a oaae.1

I?e ii??aiyii? ?icaeyiooeo aa??aio?a i?yae? aeyaeaii, ui ?ic?eaia
iaaaioaaeaiiy ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao ii?ie. Ia??aiioa i?yae? ca
?ic?eaiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi i?e aeine?aeiiio aa??aio? ciaioo?oueny o
ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiei ia 13.2%, a ca oiaueiith — ia 33%. Caaaeyee
oeueiio o aeine?aeii? ieoee aaee/eia a?aeiiniiai ?ic?eaiiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy neeaea 15.9 nI/oaen, a o eiio?ieueiiai aa??aioo 14.6
nI/oaen, ??cieoey neeaea 10.6%. Oea iiynith?oueny oei, ui ia caaaeath/e
ia ??cieoeth e?oo?iiy, aeine?aeia e?o/aia i?yaea ia? i?aeaeuaio
ou?eueiaio e?ooeo, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny c aiae?co ae?aiao?o i?yae?.
Aiaeii/an ciaioeeany ?? ai?neno?noue ia 15.8%, ui oaeiae ni?ey?
ciaioaiith ia?eaiino? i?yae? ia oeaoeueeiio aa?noao?.

Iieacieee aeanoeainoae i?yae? ?noioii caeaaeaoue a?ae ?? no?oeoo?e.
Aeine?aeaeaiiy no?oeoo?e i?iaiaeeeiny ca aeiiiiiaith oai?nueeiai
i?eeaaeo “Lanametr”, noa?aineii?/iiai i?e?ineiio IAN-10, ui
iinoaaey?oueny ieoey?-i?e?iiao?ii ? e?ooeii??ii EO-500-1I.

Oaaeeoey 1

O?ceei-iaoai?/i? iieacieee e?o/aii? i?yae?

Oa?aeoa?enoeea i?yae?Oaa?e/iee aa??aioAeine?aeiee aa??aio1.?acoeueooth/a
e?i?eia u?euei?noue i?yae?,
oaen

a) eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? c e?i?eii? u?eueiino?

40.7

3.9

40.17

2.62. ?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy, nI

a) eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? ca i?oei?noth592

10.6639

9.23. Iiaeiaaeaiiy i?e ?ic?ea? %10.713.04. A?aeiinia
?ic?eaia iaaaioaaeaiiy,

nI/oaen

14.6

15.95. Caaaeueia aeaoi?iaoe?y, ii

/anoea i?oaeii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ii/%

/anoea yeanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ii/%

/anoea ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? ii/%9.5

6/1.2

1.5/0.30

3.5/0.412.6

6.2/1.24

2.2/0.44

4.2/0.486.Ciinino?ee?noue i?e naiinoe?aii?, /enei
oeeee?a

504

6737. Aeo?eaae?noue i?e aaaaoi?aciaiio ?icoyc?,
oeeee?a

4000

51448. Ai?neno?noue i?yae?, /enei ai?neiie ia 10 ii

48

429. Ia’?ii?noue a/ci3 0.410.3510.
Ae?aiao? i?yae? (iiia?a/iee) ii0.300.27

Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui e?o/aia ieoea NNA ia? o?oa/aoo no?oeoo?o,
iaeia ie/ea iaaeaa? ?ioo c iaeiaeiaei e?ieii. ?ice?o/oaaiiy ieoee ia
e?ooeii??? (i?e caaeeii?e aeiaaeei? 25 ii) iieacaei, ui iaeaea? ie/ee
iathoue iaeiaeiao aeiaaeeio ? a ?ice?o/aiiio noai? ie/ea ia ia? e?ooee.
Ieoea ??aiii??ia ca oiaueiith ia ei?ioeeo ? aeiaaeo a?ae??ceao, ia?
aeaaeeo iiaa?oith (ye a iaeeii/i?e i?yae?), aac oa?aeoa?ieo aeey
e?o/aieo ieoie aenooi?a. E?ooea ia a?ae??ceao 25 ii ia??aiii??ia –
eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? ??aiee 5%, ia a?ae??ceao 250 ii aiia aeinoaoiuei
??aiii??ia, eiao?oe??io aa??aoe?? neeaa 3.5%.

I?e aaaaoi?aciaiio ?icoyao o?eaae?noue aeine?aeii? i?yae? aeyaeeany
aeua. Oeae iieaciee aeo?eaaeino? i?yae? iiynith?oueny oei, ui
?ioaineai?noue ne?o/aiino? aeaio aeae?a a?ae??ciy?oueny iacia/ii,
iiaeeo?eaoe?y ? a?aei?ii?noue iieaciee?a iiynith?oueny iniaeeainoyie
?oiuei? no?oeoo?e.

Ca ?aooiie a?eueoi? ?ooeeaino? aieieii o no?oeoo?? i?yae? NNA
a?aeaoaa?oueny e?auee ?iciiae?e iai?oae ca ?? iiia?a/ieeii a i?ioean?
aeine?ae?a, ui caaacia/o? cia/io aeo?eaae?noue.

C iaoith aecia/aiiy aioo??oiuei? no?oeoo?e ? aca?iiiai ?icoaooaaiiy
aieieii i?yae? oa ie/ee aeine?aeaeoaaeeny iiia?a/i? c??ce i?noey
niieo/aiiy i?yae? c ie/eith.

C??ce i?yae? aoee io?eiai? a?o/io ca a?aeiiith iaoiaeeeith. I?eaioiaai?
c??ce a?aeia?aaeaeenue ca aeiiiiiaith aia?aoo ?A–4, anoaiiaeaiiai ia
i?e?ineii? IA?–3.Ia ?enoieao 3 oa 4 iieacaiee iaea?eueo oa?aeoa?iee c??c
i?yae?.

?en.3 Iiia?a/iee c??c i?yae? NNA?en. 4 Iiia?a/iee c??c i?yae? c
IE-100-I3

?icae?e 5. “Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ia?aiao??a
cai?aaee e?eueoeai?yaeeeueii? iaoeie ia aeanoeaino? i?yae? nei?i/aiiai
niiniao ae?iaieoeoaa”

No?oeoo?a ? aeanoeaino? i?yae? caeaaeaoue a?ae aaaaoueio /eiiee?a.
Aenia?eiaio ii aecia/aiith aieeao e?ooee, iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aeoyaeieo
oeee?iae?ao i?iaiaeeany ia e?eueoeai?yaeeeuei?e iaoei? I-76-5I6 o
ae?iaie/eo oiiaao Oa?niinueeiai aaaiaiyiiai eiia?iaoo AAO “OAE”.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy aoea i?yaea ?acoeueooth/i? e?i?eii? u?eueiino?
40.4 oaen, ca i?eeiyoei oaoiieia?/iei ?aaeeiii ia AAO “OAE”.

Ca iniiai? /eiieee, ye? ci?iththoueny a i?ioean? aenia?eiaioo, aoee
aea?ai?: aeoyaeea (O1), iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aeoyaei? oeee?iae?e (O2) ?
eiao?oe??io e?ooee (O3).

Ca e?eoa??? iioei?caoe?? aeae?aeeny iieacieee yeino? i?yae? oae?, ye
ia??aiioa c i?oeiino? i?yae?, o?eaae?noue aei oa?oy, ui aecia/aeeny aeey
eiaeiiai aeine?aeo ca noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeeeaie.

Ia ia?o?e noaae?? ?iaioe ?icaeyiooa e?i?eia iiaeaeue, iiaoaeiaa yei?
ca’ycaia c i?iaaaeaiiyi iiaiiai oaeoi?iiai aenia?eiaioo.

Aea aeey iaoaiaoe/iiai iieno ia’?eoo aeine?aeaeaiue c iio??aiith
oi/i?noth iaaeinoaoiuei e?i?eiiai iaaeeaeaiiy. Iaiao?aeii aeei?enoaiiy
ieaioaaiiy ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo.

I?ney ?ic?aooie?a eiao?oe??io?a ?aa?an?? aeey iie?iiio ae?oaiai nooiaith
ca a?aeiieie oi?ioeaie aoei io?eiaia ianooiia ??aiyiiy:

Y=17.01–0.246O1–0.039X2+0.146X3–0.188X1X2-0,150X1X3+

+0.600X2X3+0.280X12+0.230X22+0.390X32

Aiae?c iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae? i?iaiaeeii ca aeiiiiiaith aeaii??ieo
ia?aoei?a O1=0; O2=0 ? O3=0.

?icaeyaeath/e, iai?eeeaae, ia?aoei O1=0, iiaeia iaaeeceoenue aei
i?i?iaeueii? ia??aiioe i?yae? i?e iioeiaeueieo cia/aiiyo iaaaioaaeaiiy
ia aeoyaei? oeee?iae?e ? eiao?oe??ioa e?ooee.

I?aenoaaeyth/e cia/aiiy O1=0 a ??aiyiiy, io?eia?ii:

Y=17.01+0.146O3-0.039O2+0.600O2O3+0.230O22+0.390O32

Oaeei /eiii, i?i?iaeuei?e ia??aiio? i?yae? ca Onoa?ii a?aeiia?aeathoue
ianooii? ia?aiao?e cai?aaee e?eueoeai?yaeeeueii? iaoeie: aeoyaeea a?ae
25 aei 33.5; iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aeoyaei? oeee?iae?e a?ae 7.5 aei 8.5 ei.

CAAAEUeI? AENIIAEE

1. ?ic?iaeaiee ? aei?iaoaaiee i?eno??e aeey niinoa?aaeaiiy ca iayai?noth
o?eeooieea e?oo?iiy, yeee aeicaieeoue ai?iaaaeeoe iaeiii?ioeaniee niin?a
iaea?aeaiiy e?o/aii? i?yae?.

2. E?o/aia ieoea nei?i/aiiai niiniao ae?iaieoeoaa ia? an?
o?ceei-iaoai?/i? aeanoeaino?, ye? caaacia/othoue iiaeeea?noue ??
ia?a?iaee a iiaeaeueoeo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioeanao oaenoeeueiiai
ae?iaieoeoaa (oeaoeoa?, o?eeioaaeiiio ae?iaieoeoa?, ae?iaieoeoa?
iaoeaieo iaoa??ae?a) ? aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy i?e aenieoaoaoe??.

3. Oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean iaea?aeaiiy e?o/aii? ieoee c aeaio ??aieoeue
iaaea? iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?aiiy ani?oeiaioo i?inoeo ? oaniiieo e?o/aieo
ieoie ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy ??aieoeue c aeaieie aeaeaie aieieii,
aieieii ??cii? aeiaaeeie ? oiaueie.

4. Io?eiaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue, ui iia’yco? i?ae niaith oaoiieia?/i?
ia?aiao?e iaoeie ?c aeanoeainoyie iaea?aeaii? i?yae?.

5. Ieoeo, yeo iaea?aeaee ca iaeiii?ioeaniei niiniaii, ia ne?ae aaaaeaoe
cai?iieeii ?nioth/eo aeae?a e?o/aieo ieoie, aiia yaey? niaith iiaee aeae
ieoie c iniaeeaeie, i?eoaiaiieie ?e aeanoeainoyie.

6. Io?eiaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aieeao aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a ianaaeee
ia iaoya.

7. C iaoith aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo i?e nei?i/aiiio niinia?
ae?iaieoeoaa i?yae? aoa i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c nia?aa?oino? i?iaeoeoe?? ca
noaooyie eaeueeoeyoe??. A?aeaoeiny cieaeaiiy nia?aa?oino? ia 45.4 a?i.,
c ?ic?aooieo ia 100 ea i?yae?, ui neeaei 8.4%. A?eueoo /anoeio a
cieaeaii? oaa?e/ii? nia?aa?oino? caeiyea aa?o?noue ia?iaee, yea neeaea
26.7%.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe iaae?oeiaai?

1. Ai?ioia A.A., Ai?eciioiaa A.A. Au?aaioea e?o/aiie i?yaee
iaeiii?ioeanniui niiniaii ia eieueoeai?yaeeeueiuo iaoeiao.//Aanoiee
Oa?niineiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa.- 1998. ?3.
N.180-181.

2. Ai?ioia A.A., sseei/oe ?.I. Enneaaeiaaiea i?yaee nie?auaiiiai niiniaa
i?iecaiaenoaa e iiiaie?aoiui aeaoi?iaoeeyi ?anoyaeaiey e e
naiienoe?aieth //I?iaeaiu eaaeie e oaenoeeueiie i?iiuoeaiiinoe
Oe?aeiu.-1998.-?1 –N. 83-85

3. Ai?ioia A.A. N?aaieoaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea no?oeoo?u e naienoa i?yaee
Nae?iniai e e?o/aiie i?yaee.//I?iaeaiu eaaeie e oaenoeeueiie
i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu.-1998.-?1 –N.48-50

4. Ai?ioia A.A., *a?iye E.A. Ii?aaeaeaiea iioeiaeueiie eiino?oeoeee
i?ioeaiaaeiiiie ianaaeee aeey eieueoeai?yaeeeueiuo iaoei.//Aanoiee
Oa?niineiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. 1999. ?4 N.304

5. Ai?ioia A.A. N?aaieoaeueiia enneaaeiaaiea aioo?aiiae no?oeoo?u i?yaee
nie?auaiiiai niiniaa i?iecaiaenoaa e e?o/aiie i?yaee.//Aanoiee
Oa?niineiai ainoaea?noaaiiiai oaoie/aneiai oieaa?neoaoa. 1999. ?4 N.308

6. Ai?eciioiaa A.A., Oaiiaaeia ss.N., Ai?ioia A.A. Iiauoaiea
yooaeoeaiinoe ?aaiou eieueoeai?yaeeeueiie iaoeiu.//Oaenoeeueiay
i?iiuoeaiiinoue. 1991. ?3 N.38

7. Ai?ioia A.I., sseei/oe ?.I., Ai?eciioiaa I.A Niin?a noaaeaiiy ca
iayai?noth o?eeooieea e?oo?iiy i?e iaeiii?ioeaniiio i?yae?ii? ? e?oo?ii?
oa i?eno??e aeey eiai cae?eniaiiy// ??oaiiy i?i aeaea/o iaoaioo ia
aeiao?ae. ?a?no?aoe?eiee iiia? cayaee: 98042056. Aeaoa i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy
17.02.99?.

Ai?ioia A. I. Iaea?aeaiiy e?o/aii? i?yae? nei?i/aiei niiniaii. –
?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.19. 03-oaoiieia?y oaenoeeueieo iaoa??ae?a.
-Oa?niinueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Oa?nii, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?? iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo oa
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iia’ycaieo c ?ic?iaeith aoaeoeaieo
oiia iaea?aeaiiy e?o/aiiiiae?aii? i?yae? nei?i/aiei niiniaii.

Oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean iaea?aeaiiy aeine?aeii? e?o/aii? ieoee c aeaio
??aieoeue iaaea? iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?aiiy ani?oeiaioo i?inoeo ? oaniiieo
e?o/aieo ieoie ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy ??aieoeue c aeaieie aeaeaie
aieieii, aieieii ??ciiiai?oii? aeiaaeeie ? oiaueie.

Oai?aoe/iei aiae?cii ? i?iaaaeaieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie anoaiiaeaii, ui
iaeiei c iniiaieo ?aca?a?a ca?eueoaiiy i?iaeoeoeaiino?
e?eueoeai?yaeeeueieo iaoei ? canoinoaaiiy ia oeeo iaoeiao iiaiai niiniao
i?yae?iiy ? e?oo?iiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ieoeii?ia?aeiee, aa?aoaiia ianaaeea, iaae? iao?thaaiue,
ou?eueithaaeueia e?ooea.

Ai?ioia A.A. Iieo/aiea e?o/aiie i?yaee nie?auaiiui niiniaii. –
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.19.03 – oaoiieiaey oaenoeeueiuo iaoa?eaeia. —
Oa?niineee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao, Oa?nii, 1999.

A ianoiyuaa a?aiy ii- i?aaeiaio nio?aiyaony aieueoay aeiey eieueoeaauo
iaoei a iauai ia?ea i?yaeeeueiiai iai?oaeiaaiey. Yoi iauyniyaony
ea/anoaii i?yaee eieueoeaaiai niiniaa i?yaeaiey, eioi?ay anaaaea
yaeyaony aacie aeey n?aaiaiey ea/anoaa i?yaee, iieo/aaiie
iao?aaeeoeeiiiuie niiniaaie i?yaeaiey.

Aeueoa?iaoeau eieueoeaaiio i?yaeaieth iiea aua iao (eiaaony a aeaeo
ea/anoai ecaioiaeyaiie i?yaee, oieaa?naeueiinoue i?eiaiaiey ii aeaeai
ia?a?aaaouaaaiuo aieieii e aeeaiaciio eeiaeiuo ieioiinoae).

A aeenna?oaoeee i?eaiaeyony ?acoeueoaou oai?aoe/aneeo e
yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee, naycaiiuo n ?ac?aaioeie yooaeoeaiuo
oneiaee iieo/aiey e?o/aiiiiaeiaiie i?yaee nie?auaiiui niiniaii,
aiaeece?othony i?e/eiu, i?aiyonoaothuea ?aaeecaoeee yoiai niiniaa.

I?aaeeiaeaiu ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii nieaeaieth iaoyaeaiey a ?acee/iuo ciiao a
caaeneiinoe io ciiu oaoiieiae/aneie eeiee cai?aaee.

Ca iaeei iai?io aaeeiia iaoyaeaiea ieoe iaaeaeo ieoai?iaiaeieeii e
auioneiie ia?ie eciaiyaony ia 20%. Oiaiueoeoue iaoyaeaiea a iianiie ciia
(iaaeaeo ieoai?iaiaeieeii e auioneiie ia?ie) iiaeii, i?eiaiyy ianaaeee
ia aa?aoaia. Aeey i?iaaaeaiey yenia?eiaioaeueiuo enneaaeiaaiee auee
ecaioiaeaiu ?acee/iua eiino?oeoeee i?ioeaiaaeiiiuo ianaaeie, eioi?ua
onoaiaaeeaaeenue ia aa?aoaiao eieueoeai?yaeeeueiie iaoeiu I-66-5I7.
Eiino?oeoeey ianaaeie iicaieyea i?iecaiaeeoue caiaio aa aieiaie.
Ii?aaeaeaiea iaoyaeaiey i?yaee iaaeaeo ieoai?iaiaeieeii e o?aoaieueieeii
e?o/aiey i?iaiaeeeinue oaiciiao?e/aneei iaoiaeii.

Aicieeathuea neeu o?aiey a ciiao eiioaeoa ieoe n ieoai?iaiaeieeii,
aaeeiiiia?aie/eoaeai, aaaoiea n eieueoeii, aeeytho ia neeu iaoyaeaiey,
aicieeiiaaiea eieaaaiee yoeo nee. Iauay aaee/eia eieaaaiee nee o?aiey a
ciiao eiioaeoa ieoe n ieoai?iaiaeieeii, aaaoiea n eieueoeii aeeyao ia
oi?ie?iaaiea iaeiaee, nicaeaao iai?yaeaiea a i?yaea e, eae neaaenoaea,
ia aaee/eio ia?uaiinoe, /oi ia?aie/eaaao nei?inoiie ?aaeei iaoeiu,
oaaee/eaaao ia?iaiioo i?yaee e nieaeaao eciininoieeinoue o?oueony
iiaa?oiinoae.

Oaeei ia?acii, anee nieceoue eiyooeoeeaio o?aiey o?oueony iiaa?oiinoae,
iiaeii oiaiueoeoue e i?aaeaeu aiciouaiee, ia?acoaiuo eieaaaieyie a
i?yaea.

Iie?uoea aaaoieia ieo?eaeii oeoaia ia eiiii-ieaciaiiie onoaiiaea
iicaieyao oiaiueoeoue ia?uaiinoue i?yaee, oaaee/eoue aa ?ac?uaioth
iaa?oceo, nieceoue ia?iaiioo, oaaee/eoue n?ie neoaeau aaaoieia.

?ac?aaioaii ono?ienoai, iicaieythuaa iiauneoue iaaeaaeiinoue ioeeth/aiey
eniieieoaeueiiai iaoaiecia i?e ia?uaa iu/ae eee i?yaee, a oaeaea
iicaieyao ioneaaeeaaoue iaee/ea o?aoaieueieea e?o/aiey.

Iiuoiay e?o/aiay i?yaea eeiaeiie ieioiinoueth 40.17 oaen au?aaaouaaeanue
ia eieueoeai?yaeeeueiie iaoeia I-76-5I6, iniauaiiie iiaie eiino?oeoeeae
aa?aoaiiie ianaaeee.

Au?aaioaiiay e?o/aiay i?yaea aiaeece?iaaeanue ii ea/anoaaiiui
iieacaoaeyi aeey niiinoaaeaiey ni naienoaaie e?o/aiie i?yaee,
auioneaaiie a ianoiyuaa a?aiy n i?eiaiaieai IE-100-I3, oaeie aea
eeiaeiie ieioiinoe. I?e niiinoaaeaiee ?anniao?eaaaiuo aa?eaioia i?yaee
iaia?oaeaii, /oi ?ac?uaiay iaa?ocea iaoiaeeony a i?aaeaeao ii?iu.
Ia?iaiioa i?yaee ii ?ac?uaiie iaa?ocea i?e iiuoiii aa?eaioa oiaiueoaaony
ii n?aaiaieth n eiio?ieueiui ia 13,2%, a ii oieueia — ia 33%. Oai naiui
o iiuoiie ieoe aaee/eia ioiineoaeueiie ?ac?uaiie iaa?ocee ninoaaeea 15,9
nI/oaen, ?acieoea ninoaaeea 10.6%. Yoi iauyniyaony oai, /oi, ianiio?y ia
?aciinoue e?o/aiey, iiuoiay i?yaea eiaao iiauoaiioth oieioiythuoth
e?ooeo, eioi?ay iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony ec aiaeecia aeeaiao?a i?yaee.
Iaeiia?aiaiii oiaiueoeeanue aa ai?nenoinoue ia 15,8%, /oi oaeaea
niinianoaoao oiaiueoaieth ia?uaiinoe i?yaee ia oeaoeeii noaiea. I?e
iiiaie?aoiii ?anoyaeaiee onoie/eainoue iiuoiie i?yaee ieacaeinue auoa,
/ai o oaa?e/iie i?yaee. Yoio iieacaoaeue auiineeainoe i?yaee iauyniyaony
oai, /oi eioaineaiinoue ne?o/aiiinoe aeaoo aeaeia ioee/aaony
iacia/eoaeueii, eciaiaiea e ?acee/ea iieacaoaeae iauyniyaony
iniaaiiinoyie eo no?oeoo?u. Ca n/ao aieueoae iiaeaeaeiinoe aieieii a
no?oeoo?a i?yaee nie?auaiiiai niiniaa i?iecaiaenoaa i?ienoiaeeo eo/oaa
?ani?aaeaeaiea iai?yaeaiee ii aa iiia?a/ieeo a i?ioeanna eniuoaiee, /oi
iaania/eaaao cia/eoaeueioth auiineeainoue.

Oaoiieiae/aneee i?ioeann iieo/aiey iiuoiie e?o/aiie ieoe ec aeaoo
?iaieoe aeaao aiciiaeiinoue ?anoe?aiey anni?oeiaioa i?inouo e e?o/aiuo
oaniiiuo ieoae ca n/ao eniieueciaaiey ?iaieoe n aeaiiuie aeaeaie
aieieii, ?acee/iie aeeeiu e oieueiu.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Ieoai?iaiaeiee, i?aaeaeu aiciouaiee, aa?aoaiiay
ianaaeea, oieioiythuay e?ooea.

Gorokhov V.A Procurance of twisted yarn by the reduced way. —
Manuscript.

The dissertation for the scientific degree of Assis- tant Professor of
engineerig science on a speciality 05.19.03 — Technology of textile
materials. -The Kherson state technical university, Kherson, 1999.

The results of theoretical and experimental researches are given in the
dissertatin, and connected with developing of effective conditions of
procurance of a yarn by a reduced way.

The technological process of reception of experimental twisted strings
from two roves will give an opportunity for the expansion of assortment
of simple and fancy twisted yarn at the expense of using roves with the
given kinds of fibres, fibres of various length and thickness.

It is established by the carried out research that one of the basic
reserves of increasing the productivity of spinning machines is an
application of a new way of spinning and rollin, using these machines.

Key words: Thread guide, spindle checker, packing twist, disturbance
limits.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 15.03.1999?. Oi?iao A5/32

Iai?? ionaoiee. Oiiai. Ae?oe. A?eoo?a 2,00

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Caiiaeaiiy ? 364

Iaae?oeiaaii o aeaeaaieoeoa? Oa?niinueeiai

aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo,

325008, i. Oa?nii, Aa?eneaanueea oina,24

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