I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. ?aaia Ioethy

UAAeEEI ss?INEAA NOAOAIIAE*

OAeE 621.375

IOe?IEA O??UEIIO?EAEINO? IAEA?EUeO

IAAAIOAAEAIEO AeAOAEAE AOCE?A I?AeA?NIEO

EIIAA???A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 01.02.04 – iaoai?ea aeaoi?i?aiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?iii?euenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao?

?iai? ?aaia Ioethy

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Eiaoo Ieeiea Noaiaiiae/,

Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e “Oaoiieia?y iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy”

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe,

Eaieoiaiei Aieiaeeie? Aai?a?eiae/,

?inoeooo i?iaeai i?oeiino?

Iaoe?iiaeueii? Aeaaeai?? iaoe Oe?a?ie,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

a?aeae?eo iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy

aaeeeiaaaa?eoieo eiino?oeoe?e

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iiaeeieuec?i A’y/aneaa TH???ae/,

Ta?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee

oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia Ioethy,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e iaoa??aeiciaanoaa

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: O?ceei-iaoai?/iee ?inoeooo ?i. A.A.Ea?iaiea,

IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Euea?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 25 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?. i 15-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E58.052.01, Oa?iii?euenueeee
aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia Ioethy, 282001, i.
Oa?iii?eue, aoe. ?onueea, 56.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o iaoeia?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? ?aaia
Ioethy ca aae?anith: 282001, i. Oa?iii?eue, aoe. ?onueea, 56.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 24 ” ethoiai 1999?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe
Iao?ee I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. I?aea?ni? eiiaa??e iaeaaeaoue aei eaoaai???
niaoe?aeueieo iaaecaiieo o?ainii?oieo iaoei aacia?a?aii? ae??, ye?
canoiniaothoueny o ??cieo aaeocyo i?iieneiaino?, cie?aia, o
aaaaoina??eiiio oa ianiaiio oeiao ae?iaieoeoa: iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?,
aaoiiia?eaaoaeoaaii?, aa?noaoiaoaeoaaii?, a??ie/?e oa o?i?/i?e
i?iieneiaino?, a iaoaiineeaaeaeueieo ? iaoaeiia?iaethaaieo oeaoao,
oiui.

Na?aae aaaaoueio ??ciiaeae?a iaoei aacia?a?aiiai o?ainii?ooaaiiy
aaioaae?a iaeoe?oiai canoinoaaiiy iaaoee i?aea?ni? aaioaaeio?eie?
eiiaa??e caaaeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy c ?ica??ieie eaioethaaie oei?a AO-80,
AO-100 ? AO-160. Ca?aeii c AINO 5946-79 aiie iaeaaeaoue aei
o?ainii?oieo iaoei, ye? i?ecia/ai? aeey o?ainii?ooaaiiy iiooo/ieo
aaioaae?a iaeeo ? na?aaei?o aaaa?eo?a ia i?inoi?ia?e o?an? a
ai?eciioaeueiiio, aa?oeeaeueiiio ? iioeeiio iai?yieao.

I?aea?ni? eiiaa??e iacaaieo oei?a caeaa?eueoiai aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey
iaoai?caoe?? oa aaoiiaoecaoe?? aaioaaeiiioie?a ia iaaaioaaeoaaeueieo ?
?icaaioaaeoaaeueieo iia?aoe?yo. ?acii c oei i?aeoeea aenieoaoaoe??
cana?ae/o? ia?aae/aniee aeo?ae c eaaeo ie?aieo aoce?a oa iaea?eueo
a?aeiia?aeaeueieo aeaiaio?a ? aeaoaeae oeeo eiino?oeoe?e, iaoiiaeai?
i?enooi?noth ? iioe?aiiyi a ieo ??cieo o??ueiiiiae?aieo aeaoaeo?a, ye?
aeieeathoue i?ae /an ?o ciiooaaiiy aai aenieoaoaoe??. Oea aeiaaa?
cia/ieo eioo?a ia ?aiiioii-?anoaa?aoe?ei? ?iaioe.

?nioth/? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee oo?eioaaeueii? caeaoiino? ? i?iaiicoaaiiy
?ano?no aeaoaeae eiiaa???a ?icaeyaeathoue iaoa??ae ye aacaeaoaeoiee ?
oiio aeathoue caaeuaio ioe?ieo oeeo oa?aeoa?enoee. O ca’yceo c oeei
iniaeeai? aeooaeueiino? iaaoaathoue aeine?aeaeaiiy oo?eioaaeueii?
caeaoiino? iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae oa aeaiaio?a eiiaa???a ca
e?eoa??yie iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi aeaeo iaaaioaaeaiiy,
iai?oaeaii-aeaoi?iiaaiiai noaio, no?oeoo?ieo iniaeeainoae iaoa??aeo oa
aenieoaoaoe?eieo /eiiee?a. A oiio, aeey aecia/aiiy iaae?eiino? oa
aeiaaia?/iino? oaeeo aeaoaeae aoce?a oa aeaiaio?a ? eiino?oeoe?e
iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe caeaoi?noue iaoa??aeo /eieoe ii?? iioe?aiith a
iueiio o??ueie, a oea, a naith /a?ao aeiaaa? ?ic?iaee aoaeoeaieo
iaoiae?a ioe?iee o??ueiio?eaeino? eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ? ?o
caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue.

Aaaeeea?noue aea/aiiy i?ioean?a ca?iaeaeaiiy oa iioe?aiiy o??uei aeiaaa?
iiaeo i?aeoiae?a uiaei ?ic?iaee aoaeoeaieo iaoiae?a ioe?iee i?oeiino?
eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ? ?o caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue c aeei?enoaiiyi
ia?aiao??a iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy, oiaoi oa?aeoa?enoee o??ueiio?eaeino? EC
aai E1C, caeaoieo ioe?ieoe ii?? iaoa??aeo iioe?aiith a iueiio o??ueie.

A oeueiio ieai? ne?ae a?aecia/eoe i?aoe? a aaeoc? oai?aoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue

aecia/ieo a/aieo I. ?. Aiae?aee?aa, O. A?aoia, A. A. A??oo?ona,
Ae.?.??a?ia, A. I. E?a?ae?aa, I. ss. E?iiiaa, A. E?aia?oea, I.I.
Iaoooiaa, ?. I. Ii?iciaa, A. A. Iaianthea, A. N. Iena?aiea, TH. I.
?aaioiiaa, I. I. Naa?oea, A.I *a?aiaiiaa, a oaeiae i?aoe?
a?aeiieo aeine?aeiee?a A. N. Aaneeue/aiea, A. I. Aeiieo?iaa, I.
Aaicaia?a, A. N. ?aaiiai?, A. A. Eaieoiaiea, A. N.
Eanaoe?ia, N. ?. Eia/eea, I. N. Eiaooa, A. I. Ieeeoi?/eia,
A. A. Inaae/oea, I. I. ?iiai?aa, N. A. Na?ainaia, Aeae. N?ioe?, E.
Oa?ia?a, ss. A. O??aeiaia, E. Oaeeaey, N. ss. ss?aie, I. A. ssni?y
oa ?ioeo.

Ia aeeaey/enue ia oni?oe iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy, ?nioth/? iaoiaee ia
caaaeaee caaeiaieueiythoue ??ciiiai?oiei iio?aaai ?iaeaia?ii? i?aeoeee.
Iaei ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo aecia/aiith oa?aeoa?enoee o??ueiio?eaeino?
E1C(EC) eaac?e?eoeeo ? a’yceeo iaoa??ae?a, a oaeiae i?oeiino? caa?ieo
c’?aeiaiue, iniaeeai o i?eoiai?e iaeano?. I?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeai?
uiaei ?ic?iaeaiiy /?oei? iaoiaeieia?? ?aae?caoe?? aeine?aeaeaiue
noiniaii aei aecia/aiiy oeeo oa?aeoa?enoee o??ueiio?eaeino? aeey
eiie?aoii aea?aieo iaoo?ieo aeaoaeae, /e aaeeeiaaaa?eoieo c?ace?a.
Iaaeinoaoiuei ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y aeaioiaeaiiy aeine?aeieo c?ace?a ?
oaoi?ea i?iaaaeaiiy eaai?aoi?ieo aenia?eiaio?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
iaiao?aeii? aeey ?o ?aae?caoe?? neeiai? oa eiio?ieueii-aei??thaaeueii?
oaoi?ee.

sse aeieeaa? ?c caaaeueii? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaoeiai? i?iaeaie ?yae ieoaiue
aeiaaa? a?eueo aeaoaeueiiai neioaco, aiae?co ? iaaiiai aeiiiaiaiiy. O
ca’yceo c oeei, ia iniia? cai?iiiiiaaieo a ?iaio? i?aeoiae?a ? iaoiae?a
aeaye? ieoaiiy c oe??? i?iaeaie io?eiaee nai? ae??oaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
a?aeiia?aea? i??i?eoaoiei iai?yieai ?icaeoeo iaoee ? oaoi?ee
caoaa?aeaeaieie Iinoaiiaith A? Oe?a?ie ? 2705 a?ae 16.10.92?. ? Iaeacii
I?iina?oe Oe?a?ie ? 330 a?ae 04.12.95?., oa iniiaiei iai?yieai iaoeiaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
?i. ?aaia Ioethy, cie?aia, “Iaoai?ea ?oeioaaiiy iaoa??ae?a oa aeaiaio?a
eiino?oeoe?e i?e iecueeeo ? aenieeo oaiia?aoo?ao c a?aooaaiiyi aieeao
aenieoaoaoe?eii-oaoiieia?/ieo /eiiee?a”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoith ?iaioe ? ?ic?iaea iaoiaeieia??
ioe?iee o??ueiio?eaeino? eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a ? caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue
iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae eiiaa???a c a?aooaaiiyi aieeao
eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieia?/ieo ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo /eiiee?a aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
?o aeiaaia?/iino?.

Iinoaaeaia iaoa aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii ?ica’ycaiiy oaeeo caaaeaiue:

1. Oi?ioethaaiiy iniiaieo i?eioeei?a iaoiaeieia?? uiaei aecia/aiiy
oa?aeoa?enoee aoiiii? i?oeiino? oa noaoe/ii? o??ueiio?eaeino?
eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a.

2. I?aea?? ? iaa?oiooaaiiy aaciaeo noai iaaaioaaeoaaiiy ? oei?a
aeine?aeieo c?ace?a c o??ueiaie aeey aea/aiiy aoiiii? i?oeiino? oa
noaoe/ii? o??ueiio?eaeino? eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a oa ?o caa?ieo
c’?aeiaiue.

3. ?ic?iaeaiiy oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy c?ace?a c o??ueiaie oa oaoi?ee
i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaio?a ia eaai?aoi?ieo c?aceao ? iaoo?ieo aeaoaeyo
eiiaa???a ca o??ueiio?eae?noth oa aoiiiith i?oei?noth.

4. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao aoaeoo ianooaao, aenieoaoaoe?eieo /eiiee?a ?
oaoiieia?e aeaioiaeaiiy iaoa??ae?a ? ?o caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue aeaiaio?a
eiino?oeoe?e oa aeaoaeae iaoei o eiiaa??iaoaeoaaii?.

5. ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiaeee aeine?aeaeaiue i?oeiino? caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue ?
neea?ieo eiiiiceoieo c’?aeiaiue ia aacaeueoiieanoeeia?e iniia?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? o :

-noai?aii? iiai? iaoiaeieia?? ioe?iee oo?eioaaeueii? caeaoiino?
iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae aoce?a i?aea?nieo eiiaa???a oa ?o
caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue ca e?eoa??yie noaoe/ii? ? oeeee?/ii?
o??ueiio?eaeino?;

-?ic?iaeaii? oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy oeee?iae?e/ieo ? i?eciaoe/ieo
c?ace?a c o??ueiaie ca neeiaeie noaiaie e?oaiaiai oa oeeee?/iiai caeio
i?e o?eniaaiiio i?iaei?;

-iaea?aeaii? iiaeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo c? noaoe/ii?
o??ueiio?eaeino? eiino?oeoe?eieo noaeae c o?aooaaiiyi ?aaeei?a
oa?i?/iiai ci?oeiaiiy, aieeao oaenoo?e iaoa??aeo oa iaaeaiiy
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei i?aeaeuaiiy i?aoeacaeaoiino? a?aeiia?aeaeueieo
aeaoaeae aoce?a eiiaa???a;

-aea/aii? ianooaaiiai aoaeoo oa eiai aieeao ia i?ioeane e?eoeiai oa
eaac?e?eoeiai ?oeioaaiiy eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a;

-anoaiiaeaii? e?euee?nieo caeaaeiinoae e?eoe/iiai ?ici??o aeaoaeoo a?ae
oa?aeoa?ieo iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo ? aaiiao??? o??ueie aeey
i?iaiicoaaiiy iaae?eiino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? aeaoaeae i?aea?nieo
eiiaa???a;

-?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee o??ueiio?eaeino? caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue ?
aeyaeaii? iaea?eueo iaaacia/ii? ciie c oi/ee ci?o iii?o iioe?aiiy
o??ueie, ca yeith ne?ae aecia/aoe o?eieo caeaoi?noue oeeo c’?aeiaiue;

-?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee ioe?iee i?oeiino? aeayeeo aeaoaeae eiiaa???a c
aeei?enoaiiyi a?iiaaieo eiiiiceoieo iaoa??ae?a, yea a aeicaieeea
cai?ieoe neeathaaiiyi iia?aoe?th caa?thaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoiae?a ioe?iee i?oeiino? oa aeiaaia?/iino? iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaieo
aeaoaeae oa aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e i?aea?nieo eiiaa???a ? o?eiei?
caeaoiino? ?o caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue ia i?aenoaa? aeei?enoaiiy oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaiue a?aie/ii? ??aiiaaae i?oaeiiieanoe/ieo oaa?aeeo o?e c
aeaoaeoaie oeio o??uei. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee ni?yiiaai? ia iiaoaeiao ?
aaeineiiaeaiiy caaaeueii? oai??? i?oeiino? eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a oa
?o caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue a oiiaao e?eoeiai oa eaac?e?eoeiai ?oeioaaiiy.

?ic?iaeai? iaoiaee oa iaea?aeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee
canoinoaaiiy i?e ae??oaii? aaaeeeaeo i?aeoe/ieo caaea/ c aaeineiiaeaiiy
oaoiieia?? oa?i?/iiai ci?oeiaiiy i?oaeeiii? noae? aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
iaae?eiino? i?oaeei o a?aeiia?aeaeueieo aeaiaioao eiino?oeoe?e
eiiaa???a, i?iaaaeaii? ?aiaeoaaiiy ca o??ueiio?eae?noth iaeii??aeieo
caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue, aecia/aii? e?eoe/iiai ?ici??o aeaoaeoo aeey
anoaiiaeaiiy ii?iao i?aoeacaeaoiino? iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae oa
aoce?a eiiaa???a oa ?ioa.

Ie?ai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe, ai?iaaaeaeai? o oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane ia
Euea?anueeiio AAO “Eiiaa??”; ye? aeaee cia/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo aeey
?iaeaia?ii? i?aeoeee.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a oiio, ui a ?iaioao [1,2,3,9]
aaoi?o iaeaaeeoue ?ic?iaeaiiy iaoiaeee ioe?iee o??ueiio?eaeino? (E1C)
iaoa??ae?a oa ?o caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue, a oaeiae i?iaeooaaiiy eiino?oeoe?e
onoaiiaie oa aeaioiaeaiiy ?o iniiaieo aoce?a aeey iaoo?ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeiia?aeaeueieo aeaoaeae aoce?a eiiaa???a, i?iaaaeaiiy
aenia?eiaio?a, iaoaiaoe/ia ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a, iiaoaeiaa a?ao?/ieo
caeaaeiinoae, iaea?aeaiiy oi?ioe aeey i?ae?aooieo e?eoe/iiai ?ici??o
aeaoaeoo o c?aceo (aeaoae?). O i?aoeyo [4-8] ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo
ioe?iee i?oeiino? aeayeeo aeaoaeae eiiaa???a c aeei?enoaiiyi a?iiaaieo
eiiiiceoieo iaoa??ae?a, aeeiiaii aenia?eiaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia IV-io Ananithciiio neiiic?oi? «Iaeioeeeeiaay
onoaeinoue eiino?oeoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia», i. Eeoei?a, 5-7 o?aaiy 1991?;
ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aeanoeaino? ? canoinoaaiiy iie?ia?ieo
eiiiiceo?a o n?eueainiiaoeiiaoaeoaaii?», i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 29-30
aa?aniy 1992?.; ia II-e i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe?? «Iia? oaoiieia?? a
iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?», i. Oa?e?a, 18-22 aa?aniy 1993?.; ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? «Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino? ieanoian a Oe?a?i?», i.
Euea?a, 12-17 aa?aniy 1995?.; ia ???-io i?aeia?iaeiiio neiiic?oi?
«Iaeeane/i? i?iaeaie oai??? oiieino?iieo aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e oa
o?ceei-o?i?/ii? iaoai?ee eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a», i.
?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 15-16 eenoiiaaea 1995?.; ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao
eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy AeO «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», i.
Euea?a, aa?acaiue 1996?. oa aa?anaiue 1997?.; ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao
eaoaae?e oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee Oa?iii?euenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. ?aaia Ioethy, i. Oa?iii?eue, o?aaaiue-aeiaoaiue
1998?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii o 9 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, a?ae?ia?ao?? ?c 116 iaeiaioaaiue ?
aeeeaaeaia ia 125 noi??ieao iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, i?noeoue 30
?enoie?a, 14 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue i?iaeaie, iaaaaeaii aaaeeea?
iieiaeaiiy ?c i?aoeue ?ioeo aeine?aeiee?a, aeaii ?o ioe?ieo oa ei?ioeo
oa?aeoa?enoeeo ?iaioe, a oaeiae noi?ioeueiaaii iaeaaaii?o? ?acoeueoaoe,
ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? iiaeaii e?oa?aoo?iee iaeyae aeine?aeaeaiue c i?iaeaie
ae?aaiinooaaiiy eiiaa???a ? aeoiaeo c eaaeo iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaieo
aeaoaeae oa aoce?a, cie?aia: oyaiaiai eaioethaa, i?aea?nii? aei?iae,
aocea ea?aoee c i?aea?neaie, i?ea?aeiiai oa iaoyaoaaeueiiai iaoai?ci?a ?
caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue o?ainii?oii? aei?iae.

O ?acoeueoao? aiae?co a?aeiia ? /anoioe iiaoi?aiue iieiiie aoce?a o?ueio
oei?a i?aea?nieo eiiaa???a AO-80,AO-100,AO-160 aeey iiaeaeueoeo
aeine?aeaeaiue aoei a?ae?a?aii oae? aeaoae?: e?iiooaei e?aee ? i?aaee
iaoai?cio ea?aoee; iaeueoe? ? eaiee eaioethaa oyaiaiai aeaiaioa; c??i/ee
i?ea?aei? iaoai?cio i?eaiaea; i?oaeeie aeey iaoyaoaaeueiiai i?eno?ith;
c??i/ee ? ?ieeee iiai?ioiiai i?eno?ith; i?io?eueiee i?ieao o?ane ia
caaeaao; caa?i? c’?aeiaiiy ia noeeao.

Aeey ia?ae?/aieo aeaoaeae ? aoce?a i?aea?nieo eiiaa???a c o?aooaaiiyi
ae?? ia ieo iaaaioaaeaiue c iiceoe?? iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy i?iaiae?ciaaii
noai i?iaeaie ? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a oa
?o caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue a oiiaao aoiiieo ? noaoe/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue,
iaaaaeaii oeie eaai?a-oi?ieo c?ace?a ? noaie ?o iaaaioaaeaiue, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny c iaoith aeine?ae-aeaiue o??ueiio?eaeino?, ?
noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa ?iaioe oa caaaeaiiy aeey ?? ?aae?caoe??.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? aeeeaaeaii oaoiieia?th aeai-oiaeaiiy eaai?aoi?ieo
c?ac-e?a ? niiniae ?i?oe?thaaiiy a ieo aoiiieo o??uei c iaoith
iiaeaeueoiai ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy iii?o iaoa-??aeo iioe?aiith
o??ueie.

Cai?iiiiiaai? niiniae ?i?oe?thaaiiy aoiiieo o??uei aacothoueny ia
neeiaeo noaiao /ioe?eoi/eiaiai e?oaiaiai caeio oeee?iae?e/iiai c?acea c
e?eueoeaaei iaae??cii (?en. 1 a) ?en. 1. i?e o?eniaaiiio
i?iaei?, a oaeiae o?eoi/eiaiai caeio i?eciaoe/iiai c?acea c aieiaei
iaae??c-ii (?en. 2 a) i?e oeeee?/iiio aeaoi?ioaaii?.

Ca?aeii c? noaiith (?en. 1 a) oeee?iae?e/iee c?acie c e?eueoeaaei
iaae??cii anoaiiaeththoue a caoenea/? aei?iaoaaeueii? iaoeie c
aeiiiiiaith i?eno?ith ?aae?aeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, i?iaeiathoue ?
iaa?oathoue ca e?oaiaei caeiii c aei?noei o?eniaaiith no??eith i?iaeio.
I?e oeueiio o?enothoue /an oeeee?/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy c?acea, ca yeee ia
aei? eiai e?eueoeaaiai iaae??co ca?iaeaeo?oueny e?eueoeaaa o??ueia
?aaeaiaioiaaii? aeeaeie. Cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a aeicaiey? ae?iuoaaoe
eiioeaio?e/io e?eueoeaao o??ueio, niinoa??aaoe ca e?iaoeeith ??
i?ae?inoaiiy. Caienoth/e oeae i?ioean ia no??/oe? inoeeeia?aoa,
?iciaaeiaothoue ia??iaee ca?iaeaeaiiy oa iioe?aiiy aoiiii? o??ueie.

Ca neeiaith noaiith (?en. 2 a) i?eciaoe/iee c?acie c aieiaei
eiioeaio?aoi?ii anoaiiaeththoue ia iii?e, i?aeaeathoue cina?aaeaeaiiio
caeio ii na?aaeei? c i?ioeeaaeiiai aieo iai?ioe iaae??co ia onoaiiaoe?,
oeyoii oeeee?/iiai a?aeioeueiaiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy c aeiiiiiaith i?eno?ith,
cae??ieaiiai a iiia?a/i?e o?aaa?n? onoaiiaee (aeea. ?en. 3 a). I?e
oeueiio oaeiae o?enothoue /an oeeee?/iiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy c?acea, ca yeee
ia aei? aieiaiai iaae??co ca?iaeaeo?oueny aoiiia o??ueia. Aeeaeio
o??ueie eiio?ieththoue eaoaoiiao?ii, ieoey? yeiai iaaiaeyoue o aa?oeio
aeia eiioeaio?aoi?a. Cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a oaeiae aeicaiey? ?i?oe?thaaoe
aoiiio o??ueio ?aaeaiaioiaaii? aeeaeie oa a?coaeueii niinoa??aaoe ca
e?iaoeeith ?? i?ae?inoaiiy.

Aeey aeine?aeaeaiue caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue o?ainii?oii? aei?iae, a?oie
?icaaeoaeaiue, iiai?io?a, iaoyaoaaeueieo i?eno?i?a cai?iiiiiaaii
oeee?iae?e/i? oa i?eciaoe/i? c?acee c iaieaaeaie (aeea. ?en. 1 a ? ?en.
2 a).

?en. 2

Oaoiieia?y aeaioiaeaiiy oa ?i?oe?thaaiiy o??uei o oeeo c?aceao iieyaa? o
aeei?enoaii? iaoa??ae?a i?aeaeuaii? i?oeiino? oa oaa?aeino?, a iniia?
yeeo ia??cathoue eaiaaeo (??a/ae) iaaii? aeeaeie oa oe?eie. Iio?i ??
caieaaeythoue aeine?aeaeoaaiei iaoa??aeii, yeee ?i?oo? caa?ia c’?aeiaiiy
a eiino?oeoe??, a ii na?aaeei? iaieaaee ia??cathoue iaae??c.

Ca noaiaie e?oaiaiai caeio oeee?iae?e/iiai c?acea c e?eueoeaaei
iaae??cii o iaieaaoe? (?en. 1 a) oa o?eoi/eiaiai caeio i?eciaoe/iiai
c?acea c aieiaei iaae??cii o iaieaaoe? (?en. 2 a) aiaeia?/ii i?e
caaeaieo ?aaeeiao ?i?oe?ththoue aeo?aeio o??ueio oa aea/athoue aoiiio
i?oei?noue caa?ieo c’?aeiaiue.

Ca aeiiiiiaith io?eiaieo aoaeoeaieo niinia?a ?i?oe?thaaiiy aeo?aeieo
o??uei o aeacaieo oeiao c?ace?a aeine?aeaeaii ?aaeeie iaaaioaaeaiiy aeey
?o ?i?oe?thaaiiy. I?ae?aooiie ?oei?aieo iai?oaeaiue caeio sca, aai
eiao?oe??ioa ?ioaineaiino? iai?oaeaiue E1fca o aa?oei? aoiiii?
o??ueie i?iaiaeeii ca aii??e/ieie caeaaeiinoyie:

sca F 0,8 s0,2 ,
(1)

aai E1fca F 0,67 E1n ,

(2)

aea s0,2 –a?aieoey oaeo/ino? aeey aei?iaoaaeueiiai c?acea;

E1n – oa?aeoa?enoeea o??ueiio?eaeino? aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
iaoa??aeo.

Ca oi?ioeaie iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy aeey neeiai? noaie inueiaiai ?icoyao
oeee?iae?e/ieo c?ace?a c e?eueoeaaith o??ueiith a iniia? aai a iaieaaoe?
(?en. 1 a, 1 a) a?aeiia?aeii iiaeia i?ae?aooaaoe o??ueiio?eae?noue (E1C)
eiino?oeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo /e iaoa??aeo caa?iiai c’?aeiaiiy ca oaeeie
oi?ioeaie*:

wmetafile8? ????? ? ????????
?????????????yyy????.??????1?????? ???????
` ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy`???? ???&?
?MathType???????u????????????-?????„
???hE???u????????????-????iE???›???-?????›
???xo???xo???xD???<o???<d ???u?th??????aea F* - ?oei?aia iaaaioaaeaiiy aeey c?acea c e?eueoeaaith o??ueiith; y – iii?aai/ia ooieoe?y, yea caeaaeeoue a?ae a?aeiiniiai ?ici??o e?eueoeaai? o??ueie l = d /D, (d – ae?aiao? c?acea c o??ueiith; D – ciai?oi?e ae?aiao? oeee?iae?a ). Oa?aeoa?enoeeo o??ueiio?eaeino? E1n eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a oa ?o caa?ieo c'?aeiaiue aeey neeiai? noaie o?eoi/eiaiai caeio i?eciaoe/ieo c?ace?a c aieiaith o??ueiith a iniia? oa iaieaaoe? (?en. 2 a, a) a?aeiia?aeii iiaeia ia/eneeoe ca oi?ioeaie*: E1N=(3F*LOe3/2AOeI3)·f(e); f(e)=1,93-3,07e+14,053e2-25,11e3+25,8e4, (4) aea F*- ?oei?aia iaaaioaaeaiiy aeey i?eciaoe/iiai c?acea c aieiaith o??ueiith; L – caaaeueia aeiaaeeia c?acea; f(e) – iii?aaia ooieoe?y, yea caeaaeeoue a?ae a?aeiiniiai ?ici??o aieiai? o??ueie; e = l / H (l - aeiaaeeia o??ueie; I – aenioa c?acea;) B – oiaueia c?acea. ____________________ * - A. A. Iaianthe, I. ?. Aiae?aee?a, N. ?. Eia/ee – Iaoiaeu ioeaiee o?aueiinoieeinoe eiino?oeoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia. – Eeaa “Iaoeiaa aeoiea” – 1977, - n. 277. Ioaea, ia aac? ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiae?a ?i?oe?thaaiiy aoiiieo o??uei o oeee?iae?e/ieo ? i?eciaoe/ieo c?aceao ia i?aeaioia/?e noaae?? iiaeia: (a eii?aeeiaoao (l – N), aea l - aeiaaeeia o??ueie; N – e?euee?noue oeeee?a iaaaioaaeoaaiiy) aea/aoe i?ioeane aoiiiiai ?oeioaaiiy eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a oa ?o caa?ieo c'?aeiaiue. ?acii c oei, aeei?enoaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ?ica'yce?a caaea/ a?aie/ii? ??aiiaaae oaa?aeeo o?e c aeaoaeoaie oeio o??uei aeey oeeo neeiaeo noai aeicaieeoue aeinoia??ii aecia/eoe oa?aeoa?enoeeo o??ueiio?eaeino? (E1C) iaoa??ae?a c o?aooaaiiyi ??cieo /eiiee?a. O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?yae a?aeiiinoae uiaei iiaaae?iee a?aeiia?aeaeueieo aeaoaeae aoce?a eiiaa???a c iiceoe?? iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy. Aaaeeeaiai cia/aiiy iaaeaii a?aooaaiith ?aaeueieo oiia aenieoaoaoe??, aeaeo iaaaioaaeaiiy, aea/aiith aieea?a ?aaeei?a oa?i?/iiai ci?oeiaiiy, oaenoo?e iaoa??aeo, ianooaaiiai aoaeoo oiui. Aeey aoiiieo aei?iaoaaiue iaoo?ieo aeaoaeae eiiaa???a /e eaai?aoi?ieo c?ace?a, ?ic?iaeaii oa aeaioiaeaii aaaaoiiiceoe?eio onoaiiaeo c iaiao?aeiei oaoiieia?/iei nii?yaeaeaiiyi ia aac? aeaeaoia aioo??oiueiai cai?yiiy aaioaaeiiai aaoiiia?ey C?E-131 c V-iiae?aiei ?icoaooaaiiyi ainueie oeee?iae??a a aeioe?, cae??ieaiiai ia aoiiaeo iiaeooeao aei ?aie caa?ii? eiino?oeoe??. Onoaiiaea (?en. 3 a) i?aoeth? i?ney iaa?oaiiy eie?i/anoiai aaea 3, yeee i?eaiaeeoueny a?ae aeaeo?iaeaeaoia 1 ( N =7 eao, n = 900 oa-1) /a?ac ioooo c/aieaiiy 2. Caa?oo aeieo a i?noeyo ioai??a, aea ia?ai?uothoueny o cai?ioii-iinooiiaiio iai?yieao ii?oi? 5 c oaooiaie 4 cae??ieaii noaeaie 7. ?en 3. Ana?aaeei? noaeai?a ?ici?uai? ieaei? iai?yii? anoaaee 6, ye? ca eiacaeueiei ianoaaiiyi aoiaeyoue a ioai?e aeieo 12. Aei aa?oiuei? /anoeie noaeai?a i?ee??ieaii e?eoee 11 c aa?oi?ie iai?yiieie anoaaeaie 9, ia?ai?uaiiy yeeo ?aaoeththoue caoeneieie aaeioaie 10. I?ney aacoaaiiy ia iii?i? iiaa?oi? ieaei?o ? aa?oi?o anoaaie aei?iaoaaeueieo aeaoaeae iiaeia aeine?aeaeoaaoe ?o aoiiio i?oei?noue i?e oeeee?/iiio aeaoi?ioaaii?. Cae??ieaoe i?eciaoe/iee c?acie ca noaiith o?eoi/eiaiai caeio c aei?noei o?eniaaiei i?iaeiii ? i?ney eiai oeeee?/iiai a?aeioeueiaiai aeaoi?ioaaiiy, iiaeia aea/aoe i?ioeane ca?iaeaeaiiy oa iioe?aiiy aoiiii? o??ueie (?en. 3 a). Ia onoaiiaoe? aeine?aeaeaii aoiiio i?oei?noue aeaaeeeo oeee?iae?e/ieo i?oaeei ? oeee?iae?e/ieo i?oaeei c aaeioiaei iaae??cii a caeaaeiino? a?ae ?aaeei?a oa?i?/iiai ci?oeiaiiy. O ?acoeueoao? anoaiiaeaii ??cio ii??i?noue aoiiiiio ?oeioaaiith i?oaeeiii? noae? 60N2A, yea ? iaeieae/ith aeey iaae??caieo i?oaeei c ae??aiica?ienoith no?oeoo?ith (aa?ooaaiiy 1113 E oa a?aeione 473 E ). Aa?ooaaiiy oa a?aeione 723 E i?aeaeuo? aei 50…60% ii?? ?oeioaaiith oeeo i?oaeei aac cieaeaiiy i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae, ui oaeiae i?aeoaa?aeaeaii ?acoeueoaoaie eaai?aoi?ieo aei?iaoaaiue ia aeeiai?/io o??ueiio?eae?noue ECO i?ney oaea?ieo iaaaioaaeaiue. Aiaeia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ?aaeei?a oa?i?/iiai ci?oeiaiiy aeeiiaii ? aeey ?ioeo aeaoaeae eiiaa???a (ooiaoa/a, oii?a iaaeath/iai), aeaioiaeaieo ?c noaeae 40OI ? 40OI2IA a?aeiia?aeii. Eeoa cai?ia iecueeiai a?aeioneo na?aaei?i (aa?ooaaiiy c 1233 E oa a?aeione 473 E ia na?aaei?e a?aeione 573 E) aeicaieeea i?aeaeueoe aoiiio i?oei?noue ia 35% aeey noae? 40OI ? aei 50% aeey noae? 40OI2IA. I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi oeueiai neoaeaoue oaeiae aeai? uiaei ioe?iee ?o iii?o ?oeioaaiith ca ia?aiao?ii E1n. Eiiieaen aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao ?aaeei?a oa?i?/iiai ci?oeiaiiy aeey aaaeeeaeo aeaoaeae eiiaa???a (iaeueoe?a, e?iiooaei?a, o?anoiaei), aeaioiaeaieo ?c noaeae 45, 45A2, aeeiiaii ca e?eoa???i noaoe/ii? o??ueiio?eaeino? (E1n) i?ney aei?iaoaaiue eaai?aoi?ieo oeee?iae?e/ieo c?ace?a c e?eueoeaaeie o??ueiaie, /iai ia iiaeia aoei aeyaeoe ia i?aenoaa? aeaieo iaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee i?oeiino? (sa, y, d,) /e oaea?ii? a'yceino?. Aeey eenoiaeo noaeae 35, No. 3in , c yeeo aeaioiaeythoue c??ee, iaeeaaeee, e?iiooaeie aaioaaeii?aeo?eioaaeuei? oa aaioaaeio?eie?, ?aie ?ooii? oa ia?ooii?, aeine?aeaeaii aieea i?ieaooaaiiy oiaoi oaenoo?e oeeo noaeae. Anoaiiaeaii ci?io (ENO) a caeaaeiino? a?ae ai?cio?ii?? oeeo noaeae oa iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?. Cie?aia, a?eueoee ii?? ?oeioaaiith i?e oaea?? (ENO) aeey oeeo noaeae iaea?aeaii i?e ia?iaiaeeeoey?iiio iioe?aii? o??uei aei iai?yieo i?ieaooaaiiy, i?ae i?e ia?aeaeueiiio. ?acii c oei ii??a oieiaeiieaieino? noaeae cnoaa?oueny a a?e a?ae'?iieo oaiia?aoo? o aeiaaeeo ia?aeaeueiiai iioe?aiiy o??ueie aei i?ieaooaaiiy, i?ae aeey ia?iaiaeeeoey?iiai. Ia i?eeeaae? noaoe/ieo aei?iaoaaiue i?eciaoe/ieo c?ace?a c aieiaith o??ueiith ia o?eoi/eiaee caei ? oeee?iae?e/ieo c?ace?a c e?eueoeaaith o??ueiith ia inueiaee ?icoya aeine?aeaeaii aieea ianooaaiiai oaeoi?o ia o??ueiio?eae?noue noae? 35 e?ea? 1, 3 oa No. 3in e?ea? 2, 4 (aeea. ?en. 4), oiaoi EC = f (B, D), aea B, D – oiaueia i?eciaoe/iiai oa ae?aiao? oeee?iae?e/iiai c?ace?a a?aeiia?aeii. Oa?aeoa?i? e?ea? iieacothoue, ui oeie oa ?ici??e c?ace?a ? noaie ?o iaaaioaaeaiue ii ??ciiio aieeaathoue ia EC = f (B, D) aeiee ia aeeiiothoueny oiiae aaoiiiaeaeueiino? ciie ia?aae?oeioaaiiy (aeea. ?en. 4). ?en. 4 I?ney aeinyaiaiiy iaaii? oiaueie (A) aeey i?eciaoe/iiai ? ae?aiao?a (D) aeey oeee?iae?e/iiai c?ace?a ?nio? noaa?euei?noue cia/aiue EC = E1C, iacaeaaeieo a?ae ?ici???a c?ace?a (aeea. ai?eciioaeuei? e?i?? ia ?en. 4), ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue oaeoe/i? cia/aiiy E1C aeey aeine?aeaeoaaieo noaeae. A?aoiaoth/e aaaeeea?noue aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoeee E1C aeey ?iaeaia?ii? i?aeoeee, ia i?eeeaae? noae? 40O ?c s0,2 = 460 IIa ? sa = 815 IIa aeine?aeaeaii ci?io o??ueiio?eaeino? EC = f (D, B) oiaoi ?ici???a oeee?iae?e/iiai oa i?eciaoe/iiai c?ace?a ? ci?io ?oei?aieo iai?oaeaiue s* i?ney ?o ?oeioaaiiy (aeea. e?ea? 1, 2, 3 ia ?en. 5). Ine?eueee aeey Dmin = 25 ii ? A min = 40 ii, aeey yeeo EC = E1C , oa?aeoa?eco?oueny noaa?eueiei cia/aiiyi (E1C = 69,9 IIaOei ), a ?oei?ai? iai?oaeaiiy s* niaaeathoue aei s0,2 = 460 IIa, aea s0,2 - a?aieoey oaeo/ino? iaoa??aeo, oi c?iaeaii ni?iao i?ae?aooieo e?eoe/iiai ?ici??o aeaoaeoo l e?, ca yeei iiaeia aoei ae i?iaiicoaaoe i?aoeacaeaoi?noue iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae eiiaa???a ca?aeii c oaeeie ni?aa?aeiioaiiyie: l e?=1,62 (E1C / s0,2 )2, (5) aeey noaie inueiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy oeee?iae?e/iiai c?acea c naaiaioiith o??ueiith ca oiiae caaacia/aiiy aaoiiiaeaeueiino? ciie ia?aae?oeioaaiiy aeey ae?aiao?a oeee?iae?a: Dwmetafile8? ??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyyaeyyy???f?? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u?th?????? 0,3wmetafile8? ??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyyaeyyy???f?? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u?th??????aea l - aeeaeia naaiaioii? o??ueie, D – ciai?oi?e ae?aiao? oeee?iae?a, a oaeiae l e?=1,5 (E1C / s0,2 )2, (7) aeey noai o?eoi/eiaiai caeio i?eciaoe/iiai c?acea c aieiaith o??ueiith i?e oiia? caaacia/aiiy aaoiiiaeaeueiino? ciie ia?aae?oeioaaiiy aeey oiaueie c?acea: Bwmetafile8? ??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyyaeyyy???f?? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u?th??????wmetafile8? ??T????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????   ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¦yyya???AE?? ???&? ?MathType??P????&??yyyy??????????????0,3wmetafile8? ??????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?@???&??yyyy?????Ayyyaeyyy???f?? ???&? ?MathType?? ????u?th??????aea l – aeeaeia aieiai? o??ueie; H – aenioa c?acea. Ia/eneai? cia/aiiy E1C ca oi?ioeaie (3) ? (4) aeey aeaio oei?a c?ace?a oa l e? ca oi?ioeaie (5) ? (7) aeey ??cieo ia?ie noaeae, aeaioiaeaieo ca caaiaenueeith oa cai?iiiiiaaiith oaoiieia?yie, iiaeaii o caaaeai?e oaae. 1. sse aeaeii ?c oaae.1 a?eueoiio E1C a?aeiia?aea? a?eueoa cia/aiiy l e?, ui cana?ae/o? ia ei?enoue cai?iiiiiaaieo oaoiieia?e aeaioiaeaiiy oeeo noaeae o ii??aiyii? ?c caaiaenueeeie. *aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aenia?eiaioaeueiiio aecia/aiith (E1C) caa?ieo c'?aeiaiue o?ainii?oii? aei?iae ia i?yiie?i?eieo oa e?eaie?i?eieo ae?eyieao, a i?noeyo ?? noeeo, a oaeiae ?aie iaoyaoaaeueiiai i?eno?ith. Ia'?eoii aeine?aeaeaiue aoee caa?i? c'?aeiaiiy ?c noaeae 09A2N, No. 3in, noae? 35. Ae??cai? ?c ieo caaioiaee caa?thaaee a noee o iai?aaaoiiaoe/iiio ?aaeei? caa?thaaeueiei ae?ioii ae?aiao?ii 1,0 ii ?c noae? 08A2N. I?oei?noue i?eoiaii? ae?eyiee ioe?ithaaee ia oeee?iae?e/ieo ? i?eciaoe/ieo c?aceao c o??ueiaie (?en. 2 a, a). Nooue aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaaea a oiio, ui aeo?aei? o??ueie a ieo ?i?oe?thaaee ii na?aaeei? oaa (O), ia iaae? ciie nieaaeaiiy (CN), a cii? oa?i?/iiai aieeao (COA) ? o aeo?aeiiio iaoa??ae? (aeea. ___________________ *-Iaiueei E. I., Eacueei E. I., Ia?ooa A. E. Oneiaey i?eiaieiinoe e?eoa?ey E?aeia aeey oeeeeiae?e/aneeo ia?acoeia n iaeiinoi?iiiae naaiaioiie o?aueiie / Oeceei - oeie/aneay iaoaieea iaoa?eaeia. – 1987. - ? 2 - N. 120-122. Oaaeeoey 1. Cia/aiiy E1C, s0,2 ? l e? aeey eiino?oeoe?eieo noaeae i?aea?nieo eiiaa???a AO-80, AO-100, AO-160 ? iiIacaa aoce?a ? aeaoaeae eiiaa???aIa?ea noae? oa oaoiieia?y iaea?aeaiiy aeaoaeaeO??ueiio?eae?noue. (E1C, IIaOei) ? (s0,2 ,IIa) oa ?ici?? aeaoaeo(le?,ii)CaaiaenueeaCai?iiiiiaaiaCaaiae. Oaoi.Cai?iiii. Oaoi.Eiiaa?? AO-80; 1I?ea?aei. iaoai?ci :c??eaNoaeue 35, eeno, noai iinoaaeeNo.35, eeno, iiaa?o. Ci?oei.coaa NA*63,5/30015,5372,1/32017,592Ioooa iaeueoe? oeee?iae?e/i?Noaeue40OI,aa?.ooai aa?o.+a?aeione 473 ENoaeue40OI2,aa?y/a ooai.,aa?o.+a?aei.473 E76,0/12201,3383,5/11051,973Iaoyaoaaeueiee iao. e?iiooaeiNoaeue35,aa?y/a, ooaiiiaeaNoaeue35,aa?y/a Ooaiiiaea+ii?iae.64,8/31015,1468,2/32015,72C??eaNo.35, eeno, noai iinoaaeeNoaeue35,eeno,iiaa?o ci?oeiaiiy coaa NA*63,8/30515,1673,0/32018,03I?oaeeiaNoaeue 60N2A e?oa. Aa?o.+a?aeione 473ENoaeue 60N2A, aa?o+a?aeione 623 E52,0/13200,5462,6/11700,994Iiai?ioiee iao. C??eaNoaeue 35, eeno, noai iinoaaeeNoaeue35,eeno,iiaa?o.ci?oeiai. coaa NA*64,0/30015,7772,0/32017,54?aia ?ooiiaNo. 3in, oaaea? ?14No. 3in, oaaea? ?1460,0/29014,83------5Aocie ea?aoee E?iiooaeiNoaeue 35, aa?y/a ooaiiiaeaNoaeue 35, aa?y/a ooaiiia+a?a?iia?i64,8/31015,1474,8/35015,82O?anoiaeiaNoaeue45,aa?.ooaii aa?o.+a?aeione. 473ENoaeue45,aa?.ooaii. Aa?o.+a?aeione.623E57,2/13000,6468,4/10501,47Eiiaa??e AO-100, AO-1601Aocie ea?aoee ooiaoa/Noaeue40OI, aa?y/a ooai.aa?.+a?aei,473ENoaeue40OI,aa?.ooai oaeiae+a?a?iia?iaea66,0/8202,2487,8/9003,29Oii? iaaeath/eeNo.40OI2IA, Ooai.aa?.+a?aei.523ENoaeue40OI2IA, aa? ooai.aa?.+a?aei.523E72,0/14200,8997,5/12502,10IaeeaaeeaNoaeue35, i?ie. eeno.Noaeue35, i?ie. eeno.63,0/30015,28------2I?aea?nea o?aini.No.45A2N,aeaioaa.?14No.45A2N,aeaioa.?1475,2/6005,44------Oyaiaee eaioetha Iaeaoeue oeee?iae?.Noaeue40OI, e?oa., aa?o.+a?aei.473E1nNoaeue 40OI, e?oa., aa?o.+a?aei.573E76,5/12501,2984,0/11001,983Eaiee ieanoei/. (ciai.oa aioo?.)Noaeue40OI, aa?y/a ooai.aa?.+a?aei.473ENoaeue40OI, aa?y/a ooai.aa?.+a?aei573E71,3/12001,2280,5/11001,85Iaoya.i?eno?. I?oaeeiaNoaeue 45, eeno, noai iinoaaeeNoaeue45, eeno, ii?iae?caoe?y62,5/4606,3966,8/4706,99I?oaeeiaNoaeue60N2A, e?oa., aa?o.+a?aeione 473ENoaeue60N2A, e?oa., aa?o.+a?aeione 623E52,0/13200,5462,6/11700,99I?ei?oea:1. Oa?aeoa?enoeeo E1N aeey noaeae ?c eenoiaiai /e i?io?eueiiai i?ieaoo iaea?aeaii ia i?eciaoe/ieo c?aceao o?eoi/eiaei caeiii; aeey noaeae, iaea?aeaieo o aeaeyae? ooaiiiaie, e?oaeiai i?io?eth - ia oeee?iae?e/ieo c?aceao inueiaei ?icoyaii. 2.Cia/aiiy s0,2 iaea?aeaii ia noaiaea?oieo aeaaeeeo oeee?iae?e/ieo c?aceao (d = 6 ii; L = 60 ii) inueiaei ?icoyaii. 3. A /enaeueieeo cia/aiiy E1n, a ciaiaiieeo cia/aiiy s0,2. noaio ia ?en. 6) i?ney ia??coaaiiy eiioeaio?aoi??a o oeeo ciiao (?aae?on yeiai r F 0,2ii, a aeeaeia t = 2ii Oa?aeoa?enoeeo o??ueiio?eaeino? (E1C) ia/eneyee ca oi?ioeaie (3) ? (4). Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe caaaeai? a oaae. 2. Oaaeeoey 2. Cia/aiiy E1C aeey i?eoiaii? ae?eyiee iaeii??aeieo caa?ieo c'?aeiaiue. ?i/iCiia c ?i?oe?eiaaiith o??ueiith o caa?iiio c'?aeiaii?O??ueiio?eae?noue E1C, IiaOeiOeee?iae?. c?acieI?eciaoe/i. C?acie09A2N No.3in No.3509A2N No.3in No.351Oia /O/68,5 39,2 44,372,7 41,4 50,22E?i?y nieaaeaiiy /EN/65,1 37,5 42,868,0 40,2 47,33Ciia oa?i?/. Aieeao /COA/70,2 40,4 46,775,9 45,6 53,74Aeo?aei.iaoae/AI/ iicaeiaae. i???ioiaia o??ueia aei i?ieaooaaiiy80,4 58,0 72,4 87,2 60,8 76,5Iiia?a/ia i???ioaoe?y o??ueie aei i?ieaooaaiiy91,6 62,0 78,6 100,3 70,5 83,0 I?ei?oea: ?ici??e oeee?iae?e/ieo c?ace?a: D =15ii; d =12ii; L =200ii; ?ici??e i?eciaoe/ieo c?ace?a: A =15ii; I =20ii; N =5ii; L =200ii Aiie na?ae/aoue, ui aeey an?o c'?aeiaiue, iacaeaaeii a?ae noaie iaaaioaaeaiiy oa oeio aei?iaoaaeueiiai c?ac-ea, iaea?eueoa cia/aiiy E1C aeey an?o cii caa?ieo c'?aeiaiue ia? noaeue 09A2N, iio?i noaeue 35 ? iaeiaioa – No. 3in. ?aiaeoaaiiy naii? i?e-oiaii? ae?eyiee ie?aii acyoiai caa?iiai c'?aeiaiiy iieacaei, ui i?i?iaeueia o??ueiio?eae?noue aeey ciie nieaaeaiiy (CN) oa iaeneiaeueia aeey aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo (AI). ??cieoey nyaa? aei 35% aeey noae? 09A2N ? aei 48% aeey noaeae 35 ? No. 3in iacaeaaeii a?ae oeio aei?iaoaaeueiiai c?acea. Ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue cai?iiiiiaaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey caa?ieo c'?aeiaiue, ye? a iaee iioeiaeueio o??ueiio?eae?noue. I'yoee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaeaiith iaoiaeo ioe?iee i?oeiino? eiiiiceoieo iaoa??ae?a ia aacaeueoiieanoeeia?e iniia?, ye? a?iiaai? neeiaieieiii, c iaoith ?o aeei?enoaiiy o eiiaa??iaoaeoaaii?. Nooue iaoiaeo caiaeeoueny aei cai?ie e?ii?oei? iia?aoe?? caa?thaaiiy c'?aeiaiue ia neeathaaiiy. Ia i?eeeaae? aeaio o?oa 1, 2 aeia?eueiiai ae?aiao?a (aeea. ?en. 7), ianaaeaeaieo ia oeee?iae?e/io ii?aaeo 3 ? c?ieiooeo ii oi?oeyo, iieacaii, ui ca aeiiiiiaith o?anoiiiae?aiiai iaiiooaaiiy o aeaeyae? o?oa/anoiai aaiaeaaeo 4 caaeaii? oiaueie (h) ? aeiaaeeie (l) c eiiiiceoo ia aacaeueoiieanoeeia?e iniia? a?iiaaiiai neeiaieieiii iiaeia iaea?aeaoe aeinoaoiuei? i?oeiino? c'?aeiaiiy. Iaoa??aeii aeey iaiiooaaiiy aaiaeaaeo ia iiaa?oith o?oa ? aacaeueoiaa aieieii, i?ini/aia aiieneaeiith niieith AAe - 5 aai AAe - 10. Iie?ia?ecaoe?y iaoaeiieanoeea i?iaiaeeeanue i?e oaiia?aoo?? 373...423E i?ioyaii 2 aiaeei. Aei?anoaaaoe ii?aaeo 3 ?c aioo??oiueiai ioai?o o?oa, io?eioaaee o?oa/anoee aaiaeaaeiee c?acie, i?eaeaoiee aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy noaoe/ii? i?oeiino? eiiiiceoieo iaoa??ae?a. ?oei?ai? iai?oaeaiiy ?ic?eao aaiaeaaeo aecia/aee ca oi?ioeith: s* = F*/pDh , (9) aea F* - ?oei?aia iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ney inueiaiai ?icoyao o?oa/anoiai c?acea; D – ciai?oi?e ae?aiao? o?oa; h – oiaueia oa?o iaiioaiiai aacaeueoiieanoeea. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui ?oeioaaiiy oaeiai eiiiiceoo oeyoii ii?iaeueiiai a?ae?eao, a ia c??co aeey iaiioaiiai aacaeueoiaiai oa?o ia iiaa?oi? c?noeeiaaieo o?oa a?aeaoaa?oueny ca oiiae, eiee aeiaaeeia aaiaeaaea l ? 4D, a eiai oiaueia h ? t ; aea D -ciai?oi?e ae?aiao? o?oa; t – oiaueia no?iee o?oa. ?en. 7 Aecia/ai? ?oeioth/? ii?iaeuei? iai?oaeaiiy s* = 750 IIa i?aeoe/ii aei??aiththoue sa noae? 45 o noai? iinoaaee. Ioaea, cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea neeathaaiiy o?oa cai?ith? aeey i?aeoeee ia aeiiii?/io iia?aoe?th caa?thaaiiy. Aeniiaee 1. Noi?ioeueiaaii iaoiaeieia?th oa ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee c a?aeiia?aeiei oaoi?/iei nii?yaeaeaiiyi ? eiio?ieueii-aei??thaaeueiith oaoi?eith aecia/aiiy iii?o iaoa??aeo iioe?aiith o??ueie aeey noaoe/ieo ? oeeee?/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue a?aeiia?aeaeueieo aeaoaeae i?aea?nieo eiiaa???a. 2. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea, ai?uo? oaoiieia?th aeaioiaeaiiy ? niiniae ?i?oe?thaaiiy o??uei, aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oaoiieia?/ieo oaeoi??a, cie?aia aoaeoo ianooaao, a'yceino? ?oeioaaiiy (E1C), ? caa?thaaiiy i?e ?icoyaoaaii? oa caeiaii? oeee?iae?e/ieo ? i?eciaoe/ieo c?ace?a c o??ueiaie. 3. ?ic?iaeaii eiino?oeoe?th onoaiiaee oa iaoiaeeeo aei?iaoaaiue ia aoiiio aeiaaia?/i?noue iaoo?ieo aeaoaeae aoce?a eiiaa???a a oiiaao, iaaeeaeaieo aei aenieoaoaoe?eieo, ui aeicaieeei i?aeaeueoe aeinoia??i?noue iaea?aeoaaieo aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeey i?iaiicoaaiiy aeiaaia?/iino? oa o?eiei? caeaoiino? aeaoaeae eiiaa???a. 4. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii iniiai? caeiiii??iino? aieeao oaoiieia?/ieo /eiiee?a (?aaeei?a oa?i?/iiai ci?oeiaiiy, oaenoo?e iaoa??aeo, oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy ia oaea?io a'yce?noue ? a'yce?noue ?oeioaaiiy oe?ieiai eiea iaoa??ae?a aeaoaeae i?aea?nieo eiiaa???a). Iieacaii, ui o?eueee c iiceoe?? iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy (iaoai?ee o??ueie) iiaeia noaeeoe i?i aieea oaoiieia?/ieo /eiiee?a ia i?aoeacaeaoi?noue iaoaeo a ?aaeueieo ae?iaao. Aei?iaoaaiiy iaoa??ae?a ca i?oei?noth (sa) /e ia oaea?io a'yce?noue (ECV) ia aeicaieythoue aoaeoeaii aeyaeoe oeeo ci?i. 5. Aeine?aeaeaii aieea ianooaaiiai /eiieea ia a'yce?noue ?oeioaaiiy E1C (EC) aeey noaeae (noaeue 35, No. 3in, 40O). Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeey iaeiiai ? oiai ae iaoa??aeo i?e ?icoyaoaaii? oeee?iae?e/iiai c?acea c e?eueoeaaith o??ueiith oiiae aaoiiiaeaeueiino? a cii? ia?aae?oeioaaiiy (iaea?eueoi? noeniaiino? aeey ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe??) aeinyaathoueny ia iaioiio ae?aiao?? c?acea D, ii??aiyii c oiaueiith A ieineiai c?acea c aieiaith o??ueiith. 6. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue o??ueiio?eaeino? (E1C) noaeae (noaeue 35, No. 3in, 40OI, 40OI2, 40OI2IA, 45A2N, noaeue 45, 60N2A) ia oeee?iae?e/ieo ? i?eciaoe/ieo c?aceao c o?aooaaiiyi ?o oi?ie oa aaiiao??? o??ueie cai?iiiiiaaii oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy e?eoe/iiai ?ici??o aeaoaeoo (o??ueie) oa i?iaiicoaaiiy ?ano?no aeaoae? (ae?iao). 7. Cai?iiiiiaaii neeaaeia? ?c iecueeii?oeieo ? aenieii?oeieo ae?eyiie eiino?oeoe?? iaeiaaaa?eoieo oeee?iae?e/ieo ? i?eciaoe/ieo c?ace?a ?c o??ueiaie aeey aecia/aiiy a'yceino? ?oeioaaiiy ieanoe/ieo iaoa??ae?a /a?ac caieaaeaiiy e?eueoeaaeo ? aieiaeo eaiaaie o c?aceao aeine?aeaeoaaiei iaoa??aeii. Noeniai?noue ieanoe/ii? aeaoi?iaoe?? o aa?oei? o??ueie aeinyaa?oueny ca ?aooiie oo?eioaaeueii? caeaoiino? aenieii?oeii? ae?eyiee (iao?eoe?) c?acea. 8. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aei?iaoaaiue o??ueiio?eaeino? E1C ??cieo ae?eyiie caa?iiai c'?aeiaiiy noaeae 35, 09A2N, No. 3in, aeyaeaii, ui iaeiaioee ii?? ?oeioaaiith E1C (EC) ia? ciia nieaaeaiiy; oea coiiaeaii iaaaoeaiei aieeaii caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue. Cai?iiiiiaaii ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? uiaei ciaioaiiy caeeoeiaeo iai?oaeaiue oa iie?auaiiy aeeooc?eieo i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny a ?icieaaeai?e aaii? i?ae /an caa?thaaiiy. 9. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee i?oeiino? o?oa/anoeo aeaoaeae aoce?a eiiaa???a c aeei?enoaiiyi a?iiaaieo neeiaacaeueoiieanoeeiaeo eiiiiceo?a, ye? iaiioothoueny a i?noe? noeeo o?oa o aeaeyae? ianaaeiiai aaiaeaaea. Aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??aii aoaeoeai?noue cai?ie iia?aoe?? caa?thaaiiy neeathaaiiyi, ui cia/ii cieaeo? iaoa??aeuei? aeo?aoe oa ciaioo? ianya ?aiiioii-?anoaa?aoe?eieo ?ia?o a eiiaa??iaoaeoaaii?. Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue ca oaiith aeena?oaoe??. 1. Uaaeeei ss. N. Niin?a ?i?oe?thaaiiy o??ueie o i?eciaoe/iiio c?aceo oa aecia/aiiy o??ueiino?eeino? eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a // Iaoeiiciaa- noai. – 1997. - ? 4-6. - N. 41-43. 2. Eaa?aeue I. I., Uaaeeei ss. N. Aei ieoaiiy uiaei aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoeee o??ueiio?eaeino? /E1C/ iaoa??ae?a // A?niee aea?ae. oi-oo “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”. – 1996. – ? 303. - N. 70-77. 3. Eiaoo I. N., Aiaeaiei E. E., Eoeeye I. E., Uaaeuei ss. N., Eiaoo I. I. Onoaiiaea aeey iaoo?iuo eniuoaiee oeeeeiae?e/aneeo i?oaeei // Oeceei-oeie/aneay iaoaieea iaoa?eaeia. - 1992. - ? 6. - N.74-75. 4. Eaoai? i?io?e? ye o?ao?i? ieanoeie ? e?iaoeea ?icaeoeo a ieo ii/aoeiaeo aeaoaeo?a ye aeiaaeeiaeo aaee/ei. / O. ?. ?eaae, I. ?. Oiiee, ss. O. ?eaae, I. ?. Ao?y, ss. N. Uaaeeei // Iaoa??aee aeiiia?aeae III I?aeia?iaeiiai neiiic?oio "Iaeeane/i? i?iaeaie oai??? oiieino?iieo aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?e oa o?ceei-o?i?/ii? iaoai?ee eiiiiceoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a". - ?aaii-O?aie?anuee, 1995. - N.81-84. 5. Iie?ia?i? oa a?iiaai? eiiiiceoe, aeiiii?/i?noue ? ia?niaeoeai?noue eiino?othaaiiy a n?eueainiiaoeiiaoaeoaaii? / O. ?. ?eaae, I. ?. Oiiee, ss.O. ?eaae, ss.N. Uaaeeei // Oace iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe?? "Ia?niaeoeae ?icaeoeo i?iieneiaino? ieanoian a Oe?a?i?". - Euea?a, 1995. - N. 91. 6. Iaoiaee/aneia e i?ia?aiiiia iaania/aiea ?an/aoa ia i?i/iinoue iaeioi?uo eiino?oeoeee naeueoiciaoei ec a?ie?iaaiuo eiiiiceoia / O.E.?uaae, ss.N. Uaaeuei // Oac. aeieeaaeia eiioa?aioeee "Eiino?oe?iaaiea e i?iecaiaenoai ecaeaeee ec iieeia?iuo e iaoaeee/aneeo eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia". - Eeaa: Iauanoai ciaiey, 1993. - N. 56. 7. Ioe?iea iaae?eiino? n?eueainiiaoei c iiceoe?? iaoai?ee e?eoeiai ?oeioaaiiy. / O.?. ?eaae, A.?. I?e, ss.N. Uaaeeei, ss.I. Iaeiia/iee // I?aoe? II I?aeia?iaeii? eiioa?aioe?? "Iia? oaoiieia?? a iaoeiiaoaeoaaii?" Oa?e?a–?eaa/a, 1993. - N. 101-103. 8. Ioaeaeueiua ?acoeueoaou e iai?aaeaiey i?eiaiaiey eiiiiceoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia a naeueneioicyenoaaiiii iaoeiino?iaiee / O. E. ?uaae, ss.N. Uaaeuei, ss. I. Iaeiia/iue // Oacenu aeieeaaeia eiioa?aioeee "Naienoaa e i?eiaiaiea iieeia?iuo eiiiiceoia a naeueoiciaoeiino?iaiee". – Eeaa, 1992. - N. 4. 9. Enneaaeiaaiea onoaeinoiie i?i/iinoe oeeeeiae?e/aneeo i?oaeei ec noaee 60N2A / I.N. Eiaoo, O.E. ?uaae, ss.N. Uaaeuei // O?oaeu IV Ananithc. neiiiceoia ii iaeioeeeeiaie onoaeinoe. - Eeoeiaa, 1991. - N. 37-40. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 01.02.04. - iaoai?ea aeaoi?i?aiiai oaa?aeiai o?ea. Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia Ioethy, Oa?iii?eue, 1999. ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee aecia/aiiy o??ueiio?eaeino? eiino?oeoe?eieo iaoa??ae?a, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny aeey aeaioiaeaiiy iaea?eueo iaaaioaaeaieo aeaoaeae aoce?a i?aea?nieo eiiaa???a c iaoith ioe?iee ?o iaae?eiino?. Iaoiaee aacothoueny ia ii??aiyii? a’yceino? ?oeioaaiiy i?ney aei?iaiaoaaiue oeee?iae?e/ieo ? i?eciaoe/ieo c?ace?a c o??ueiaie ? aecia/aiiy ?iaa??aioiiai ??aiy E1n . Iaea?aeaii ?yae aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? oai?aoe/ieo caeaaeiinoae, ye? aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe i?aoeacaeaoi?noue a?aeiia?aeaeueieo aeaoaeae ? aoce?a c o?aooaaiiyi aieeao ??cieo oaoiieia?/ieo /eiiee?a (?aaeei?a oa?iiia?iaee, oaenoo?e iaoa??aeo, ianooaaiiai aoaeoo oiui). C iiceoe?? iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy aea/aia iano/a caeaoi?noue caa?ieo c'?aeiaiue, a oaeiae c’?aeiaiue ia aac? a?iiaaieo neeiaacaeueoiieanoeeiaeo eiiiiceoieo iaoa??ae?a. Aeaii ?yae ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey ?iaeaia?ii? i?aeoeee a ieai? i?aeaeuaiiy iaae?eiino? ? aeiaaia?/iino? i?aea?nieo eiiaa???a. Aiioaoe?y ?in?enueeith iiaith: Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 01.02.04. - iaoaieea aeaoi?ie?oaiiai oaa?aeiai oaea. Oa?iiiieueneee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Eaaia Ioethy, Oa?iiiieue, 1999. ?ac?aaioaiu iaoiaeu ii?aaeaeaiey o?aueiinoieeinoe eiino?oeoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia, eioi?ua eniieuecothony aeey ecaioiaeaiey iaeaieaa iaa?oaeaiiuo aeaoaeae oceia iiaeaaniuo eiiaaea?ia n oeaeueth ioeaiee eo iaaeaaeiinoe. Iaoiaeu aace?othony ia n?aaiaiee ayceinoe ?ac?ooaiey iinea eniuoaiee oeeeeiae?e/aneeo e i?eciaoe/aneeo ia?acoeia n o?aueiaie e ii?aaeaeaiea eiaa?eaioiiai o?iaiy E1n. Aaniiui ?acoeueoaoii a ?aaioa yaeyaony ?ac?aaioaiiay iaoiaeieiaey ecaioiaeaiey oeeeeiae?e/aneeo e i?eciaoe/aneeo ia?acoeia, eieoeee?iaaiey e eiio?iey a ieo enoiaeiuo o?auei aeey enneaaeiaaiey i?ioeannia onoaeinoiiai ?ac?ooaiey eiino?oeoeeiiiuo iaoa?eaeia ia iiaeaioiaeoaeueiie noaaeee e aeaeueiaeoaai eniieueciaaiey yoeo ia?acoeia aeey ii?aaeaeaiey ooiaeaiaioaeueiie oa?aeoa?enoeee o?aueiinoieeinoe E1n iaoa?eaea. ?ac?aaioaia iiiaiianoiay onoaiiaea aeey i?iaaaeaiey onoaeinoiuo eniuoaiee iaoo?iuo aeaoaeae eiiaaea?ia, a oaeaea e?oiiiaaaa?eoiuo ia?acoeia aeey i?iaiice?iaaiey eo onoaeinoiie i?i/iinoe a oneiaeyo aeeceeo e yenieoaoaoeeiiiui. I?iaaaeai eiiieaen enneaaeiaaiee n iiceoeee noaoe/aneie o?aueiinoieeinoe E1n aeey ?yaea eiino?oeoeeiiiuo noaeae 40OI, 40OI2IA, noaee 45, eaeoueo ia ecaioiaeaiea ioaaonoaaiiuo aeaoaeae eiiaaea?ia (oieeaoaey, oii?a iaaeathuaai, e?iiooaeia, e?anoiaei, iaeueoeaa) n o/aoii aeeyiey oaoiieiaee oa?ie/aneiai oi?i/iaiey e onoaiiaeaii /oi oieueei ia iniiaa iaoaieee ?ac?ooaiey iiaeii iaeaieaa yooaeoeaii ioeaieoue eo nii?ioeaeaiea ?ac?ooaieth, /oi iaaiciiaeii onoaiiaeoue ia aaca iaoaie/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoee e?aoeia?aiaiiie i?i/iinoe e oaea?iie ayceinoe. Aeey ieceieaae?iaaiiuo noaeae 35, No. 3in e eiino?oeoeeiiiie noaee 40O enneaaeiaaii aeeyiea ianooaaiiai yooaeoa (?acia?ia oeeeeiae?e/aneiai e i?eciaoe/aneiai ia?acoeia) n oeaeueth ii?aaeaeaiey eiaa?eaioiiai o?iaiy E1n. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeey iaeiiai e oiai aea iaoa?eaea i?e ?anoyaeaiee oeeeeiae?e/aneiai ia?acoea n eieueoeaaie o?aueiie oneiaey aaoiiiaeaeueiinoe a ciia i?aae?ac?ooaiey (iaeneiaeueiiai noaniaiey ieanoe/aneie aeaoi?iaoeee) aeinoeaathony ia iaiueoai aeeaiao?a ia?acoea D, a n?aaiaiee n oieueiie A aeey ieineiai ia?acoea n aieiaie o?aueiie. Enoiaey ec ?acoeueoaoia enneaaeiaaiee ianooaaiiai yooaeoa ia iniiaa oaeoe/aneie aaee/eiu E1n e ?ac?ooathuaai cia/aiey iai?yaeaiey s* i?aaeeiaeaii ?an/aoioth oi?ioeo ii?aaeaeaiey e?eoe/aneiai ?acia?a o?aueiu (aeaoaeoa) ii eioi?iio iiaeii i?iaiice?iaaoue ?aaioiniiniaiinoue aeaoaeae oceia eiiaaea?ia. N iiceoeee iaoaieee ?ac?ooaiey eco/aia ianouay niiniaiinoue ieieioiaiie iaeanoe naa?iuo niaaeeiaiee ec noaee 35, 09A2N, No. 3in e onoaiiaeaii, /oi ieieiaeueiia nii?ioeaeaiea ?ac?ooaieth E1n (En) eiaao ciia nieaaeaiey aaeaeo iaaaoeaiiai aeeyiey inoaoi/iuo iai?yaeaiee e aeeoooceiiiuo i?ioeannia i?ienoiaeyueo a ?anieaaeaiiie aaiia a i?ioeanna naa?ee. Enneaaeiaaii oaeaea i?i/iinoue neeaaiiuo niaaeeiaiee a?ie?iaaiiuo noaeeiaacaeueoeeiauo eiiiiceoiuo iaoa?eaeia. Aeaii ?yae ?aeiiaiaeaoeee aeey eiaeaia?iie i?aeoeee a ieaia caiaiu iia?aoeee naa?eaaiey neeaeaaieai aeey ecaioiaeaiey o?oa/aouo aeaoaeae iiaeaaniuo eiiaaea?ia. Aiioaoe?y aiae?enueeith iiaith The thesis presented for a Candidate’s of Scientices Degree in engineering; speciality 01.02.04. - mechanics of deformable bodies. Ivan Pulyuy Ternopil’ State Technical University, Ternopil, 1999. In this paper the methods of evaluation of cracks' stableness of construction materials which are used while production of most loaded details of suspended push conveyers in order to improve its reliability. Those methods are based on using of cylindrical and prismatic samples with cracks in order to study resistance of materials in processes of its static loading while bending. I have got the experimental and theoretic dependencies which give me the opportunity to forecast work capacity of responsible details and nodes and taking into consideration influence of different technological factors (modes of thermoprocessing, textures of materials, scale effects and other). The carrying ability of welded joints and joints in the base of reinforced glass- basaltic-plastic composite materials were studied from the position of fracture mechanical materials. It was given the recommendation for engineering practice and inceasing of reliability and durability of suspension push conveyers.

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