OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

?AAe?IAEAEO?II?EE

EA?AAAIIA Ieaenaiae? Aaiiaae?eiae/

OAeE 621.396.9

IOe?IEA AeEIAI?*IEO IA?AIAO??A

O?III-NO?AOINOA?E ?AAe?IOAOI?*IEIE NENOAIAIE
AA?OEEAEUeIIAI CIIAeOAAIIss

05.12.21 — ?aae?ioaoi?/i? nenoaie niaoe?aeueiiai i?ecia/aiiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a — 1998

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Eau??a Ai?en Eaii?aeiae/,

caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee Oe?a?ie,

iaoeiaee ea??aiee i?iaeaiii? IAeE
?aae?ioaoi?ee,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e I?O OOO?A.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?acneacianueeee Aaaeei Ai?eniae/,

caa?aeoth/ee a?aeae?eii noaoenoe/ii?
?aae?io?ceee

?inoeoooo ?aae?io?ceee ? aeaeo?ii?ee IAI
Oe?a?ie

(i. Oa?e?a);

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Aeueio?i Aieiaeeie? ?aaiiae/,

caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai

?inoeoooo ?aae?ioaoi?ee oa aeaeo?ii?ee

Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?aae?iano?iiii?/iee ?inoeooo IAI Oe?a?ie (i.
Oa?e?a).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 21 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?. i 13-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae64.052.03 Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee (310726 a.
Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo Eaieia 14, aoae. ).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee (310726, a.
Oa?e?a, i?iniaeo Eaieia, 14).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 19 ” aa?aciy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ___________
*o?thiia A. ?.

ANOOI

Aoiinoa?a ? iaeaaaeeea?oei eiiiiiaioii iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua, ui
aaciina?aaeiuei aieeaa? ia ethaeeio oa an? noa?e ?? ae?yeueiino?.
?ooeea?noue oa i?ieea?noue aoiinoa?e ?iaeoue ae?ae aaaeeeaei io?eiaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?? aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee —
oaeaee?noue, iai?yiie a?o?o oa nooi?iue oo?aoeaioiino?. Iaeiei c
ia?niaeoeaieo oeyo?a io?eiaiiy oaeeo aeaieo ? aeei?enoaiiy
?aae?iiaoiaeo. ?iaioe o aeaiiio iai?yieo a Oe?a?i? cae?eniththoueny o
I?iaeaii?e iaoeiai-aeine?aei?e eaai?aoi??? ?aae?ioaoi?ee (IIAeE ?O)
Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee.
I?iaaaeai? eieaeoeaii eaai?aoi??? oai?aoe/i? oa aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy, a oaeiae aaeeeee ianya aeeiiaieo ?iaeaia?ieo ?ia?o
aeicaieeee noai?eoe aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaeao ia?oi? a Oe?a?i? ? a NIAe
?aae?ioaoi?/ii? nenoaie aa?oeeaeueiiai ciiaeoaaiiy (?ON AC), caeaoii?
iaea?aeoaaoe ioe?iee aeeiai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee o?iii-no?aoinoa?e.
Aeeaae aaoi?a, ye /eaia eieaeoeao, ui i?aoethaaa iaae noai?aiiyi ?ON AC,
?ice?eoi o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie

Aeey iaoai?ieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy aa?aoe??, eiio?ieth ia?anoaaiiy
iia?o?yieo ian o ?aeii? AAN oa ?ioeo iioaioe?eii iaaacia/ieo
ae?iaieoeoa, aeey i?aeaeuaiiy a??ia?aeiino? i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaiaee,
aea/aiiy aeeiai?ee aoiinoa?e iaiao?aei? a??ia?aei? e iia?aoeai? aeai?
i?i a?o?ia? ?ooe o?iii-no?aoinoa?e. Ca?aeii c no/anieie aeiiaaie,
iaea?aeoaai? aeai? iiaeii? iaoe ?ic??ciaiiy ca aenioith ia a??oa
300…500 i, /aniaa ?ic??ciaiiy — ia a?eueo 10 oaeeei, iioeaeo
aecia/aiiy iai?yieo a?o?o — ia a?eueo 10, oaeaeeino? a?o?o — ia a?eueo
0,8… 2,8 i/n aeey ae?aiaciio oaeaeeinoae 0…50 i/n. O?aaeeoe?ei?
caniae aei??o aeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a aoiinoa?e — aa?ieia?/ia ciiaeoaaiiy
oa

iacaii? niinoa?aaeaiiy, ui canoiniaothoueny ca?ac a Oe?a?i?, ia iiaeooue
caaacia/eoe oaei? yeino? iaea?aeoaaii? ?ioi?iaoe??. Iiaei, iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaiei aeaeii aia?aoo?e aeey io?eiaiiy aeaieo i?i a?o?iaee ?aaeei
o o?iiinoa?? e no?aoinoa?? ? ?aae?ioaoi?/i? nenoaie aa?oeeaeueiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy (a?o?ia? i?io?eiiao?e). Aenieoaoaoe?y aenia?eiaioaeueieo
c?ace?a ?ON AC ca ei?aeiiii i?aeoaa?aeeea ?oith ni?iiiaei?noue
i?iaiaeeoe aei??e aaeoi?o oaeaeeino? a?o?o c iaiao?aeiith oi/i?noth oa
?ic??ciaiiyi o aaeeeiio ae?aiacii? aenio oa i?aeoe/ii iica caeaaei?noth
a?ae iiaiaeieo oiia.

Iiaea?i?caoe?y oe?a?inueei? ia?aae? iaoai?ieia?/ieo niinoa?aaeieo
ioieo?a aeiaaa? ?ic?iaee, noai?aiiy e ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a?o?iaeo
i?io?eiiao??a, caeaoieo o iiai?e i??? ao?eeoe on? ia?aaaae oeueiai
aeaeo ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai. I?e ?ic?iaoe? ?ON AC iiaeeea? aeaa oeyoe
aeinyaiaiiy iaiao?aeieo oa?aeoa?enoee. Ia?oei oeyoii, aenoaineai?i, ?
i?aeaeuaiiy aia?aaoe/iiai iioaioe?aeo (iiooaeiino? oa aia?oo?e aioaiii?
nenoaie), ui aeiaaa? aaeeeeo iaoa??aeueieo aeo?ao. A?eueo i?eeiyoiei
iai?yieii iiaeia aaaaeaoe aeei?enoaiiy aoaeoeaieo aeai?eoi?a i?e
ia?iaoe? neaiae?a oa aeaieo, canoinoaaiiy iaa?oioiaaii aea?aieo
ia?aiao??a ciiaeoth/eo neaiae?a ? aia?aoo?e ia?iaee, ui aeicaiey? i?e
iaioeo aeo?aoao caaacia/eoe io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? c iaiao?aeiei /aniaei,
i?inoi?iaei ?ic??ciaiiyi ? aenieith a??ia?aei?noth. Aaciina?aaei?
canoinoaaiiy o ?ON AC iioeiaeueieo cania?a ia?iaee neaiae?a, a?aeiieo o
oai??? noaoenoe/ii? ?aae?ioaoi?ee, cono??/a?oueny c aeayeeie
o?oaeiiuaie. Aiie coiiaeai? oei, ui ?ON AC iathoue ?yae iniaeeainoae o
ii??aiyii? c cae/aeieie eiaa?aioieie ?aae?ieieaoi?aie. Oa?aeoa?enoeee
na?aaeiaeua ciiaeoaaiiy (ia’?iii — ?iciiae?eaia oe?eue c ae?ae iaeith
aoaeoeaiith iiaa?oiath ?icn?thaaiiy) i?ecaiaeyoue aei oiai, ui ?icn?yiee
neaiae i?aeoe/ii caaaeaee caianeiaaiee ooiaie (ni?aa?aeiioaiiy
neaiae/ooi iaio iaeeieoe?) ? ia? eaac?iaia?a?aiee oa?aeoa?. Neeaaei?noue
oa ??ciiiai?oi?noue o?ce/ieo iaoai?ci?a oi?ioaaiiy neaiaeo, i?enooi?noue
o eiai niaeo?? caaaaeiaeo eiiiiiaio?a, coiiaeaieo ei?aeueiaaieie
caaaaeaie, aeiaaa? ?ic?iaee niaoe?ae?ciaaieo cania?a ia?iaee, ui
?aae?cothoue a?aeii? iioeiaeuei? aeai?eoie ioe?iee ia?aiao??a neaiaeo.
Ioae?eaoe?? a e?oa?aoo?? i?noyoue iaaeoi iaiaaeai? e /anoi
noia?a/eea? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??

uiaei aeai?o cania?a ia?iaee neaiae?a i?e aa?oeeaeueiiio ciiaeoaaii?
aoiinoa?e oa oa?aeoa?enoee oeeo cania?a. Ana aeuacaaaeaia aecia/a?
aeooaeuei?noue ?ic?iaee ?aae?ioaoi?/ieo nenoai aa?oeeaeueiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy, cania?a ia?iaee neaiaeo a ?ON AC, ioe?iee iaae canoinoaaiiy
oeeo iaoiae?a, aiae?co oi/iino? iaea?aeoaaieo aeaieo oa ?o
?ioa?i?aoaoe?? — caaea/, ae??oaiith yeeo i?enay/ai? aeena?oaoe?ei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie ? oaiaie

Aeena?oaoe?ei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iia’ycai? c iaoeiai-aeine?aeieie
?iaioaie, ui aeeiiothoueny a IIAeE ?O OOO?A: a/a IAe? ?130 “?ic?iaea
?aae?ieieaoe?eii? noaioe?? aa?oeeaeueiiai ciiaeoaaiiy aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy aoiinoa?ieo i?ioean?a o o?iii-no?aoinoa?? (2… 15 ei),
a/a IAe? I?i?noa?noaa Oe?a?ie o ni?aaao iaoee oa oaoiieia?e ? 2/53N-98,
ainiaeiaia??iith IAe? Aineiia?ae?iiaoo Oe?a?ie “Aaoiiaoe/ia aia?aoo?a
aeey iii?oi?eiao aeeiai?/ieo i?ioean?a o o?iiinoa?? (0.5-10ei)
?aae?iiaoiaeii” — ?iaioaie, ui aeeiiothoueny a?aeiia?aeii c
iinoaiiaith Eaa?iaoo I?i?no??a Oe?a?ie ? 579 a?ae 29 o?aaiy 1996 ?ieo
i?i “Aea?aeaaio i?ia?aio iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai ia?ainiauaiiy nenoaie
a?ae?iiaoai?ieia?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue oa aaciai? ia?aae? niinoa?aaeaiue
ca caa?oaeiaiiyi iaaeieeoiueiai i?e?iaeiiai na?aaeiaeua”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Iaoith ?iaioe ?: ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ia?iaee neaiae?a o ?ON AC, ui
caaacia/o? aecia/aiiy aeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a aoiinoa?e c iaeiaioeie
iioeaeaie, nie?ath/enue ia aiae?c na?aaeiaeua ciiaeoaaiiy ?
oa?aeoa?enoee ?icn?yieo neaiae?a aeey aeiaaeeo aa?oeeaeueiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy o?iii-no?aoinoa?e; iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii aecia/eoe no?oeoo?o
oa iniiai? ia?aiao?e aia?aoo?e ?ON AC c o?aooaaiiyi ?oiueiai aieeao ia
oi/i?noue aei???a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe ?iaioe ae??ooaaeeny oae? caaea/?:

1. Noai?aiiy iiaeaeae ?icn?yiiai neaiaeo oa nenoaie ia?iaee neaiae?a
o ?ON AC.

2. Ii??aiyeueia ioe?iea ca aeiiiiiaith oeeo iiaeaeae iaea?eueo iioe?aieo
cania?a ia?iaee neaiaeo.

3. ?ic?iaea no?oeoo?e eiiieaeno aia?aoo?e aeey aeine?aeaeaiue
aeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a o?iiinoa?e e no?aoinoa?e aeiiea??anueeei
iaoiaeii i?e yniiio iaa? (i?e a?aenooiino? a?ae?iiaoai??a).

4. ?ic?iaea aeai?eoi?a ? aia?aoo?e ia?aeiii? oa aoi?eiii? ia?iaee
neaiae?a o nenoaiao aa?oeeaeueiiai ciiaeoaaiiy.

5. Iaa?oiooaaiiy aeai?o iniiaieo ia?aiao??a aia?aoo?e a?o?iaiai
i?io?eiiao?a.

6. Noai?aiiy iaeaoa ?ON AC oa aenia?eiaioaeueia ia?aa??ea ia iueiio
cai?iiiiiaaieo ??oaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a

Aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiaii aeai? i?i oi?io oaciaiai niaeo?a neaiaeo,
?icn?yiiai ia iaiaeii??aeiinoyo eiao?oe??ioa caeiieaiiy aoiinoa?e i?e
aa?oeeaeueiiio ciiaeoaaii? yniiai iaaa.

C o?aooaaiiyi oeeo aeaieo ?ic?iaeaii ?i?oaoe?ei? iiaeae? ?icn?yiiai
neaiaeo oa nenoaie eiai ia?iaee aeey aeiaaeeo aa?oeeaeueiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy oo?aoeaioieo iaiaeii??aeiinoae o?iii-no?aoinoa?e,
oaeineiiaeai? o ii??aiyii? c a?aeiieie aiaeiaaie. Iniaeea?noth iiaeaeae
? a?eueoa /enei aiae?co?ieo cania?a ia?aiao?ecaoe?? niaeo??a, a?aooaaiiy
iayaiino? ei?aeueiaaieo caaaae c iaioeueiaith aeiiea??anueeith
/anoioith, iaiioeiaeueiino? i?eeiaeueiiai i?eno?ith, anueiai ai??i?ii
iiaeeeaiai ae?aiaciio aa??aoe?e ia?aiao??a neaiaeo.

Aiane?aeie iiaeaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a aecia/aii cia/aiiy
iioeaie ioe?iie oaeaeeino? a?o?o oa oe?eie niaeo?a ?icn?yiiai neaiaeo ca
??ciiiai?oieo oiia (caeaaeiino? a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ooi (n/o),
aeenia?n?? oaeaeeinoae, iayaiino? oa aaee/eie ei?aeueiaaieo caaaae oa
?ioeo ia?aiao??a). Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co oeeo caeaae-

iinoae, ye? io?eiaii aeey aeae?eueeio cania?a ia?iaee neaiae?a o ?ON AC,
aecia/aii iioaioe?ei? iiaeeeaino? ?icaeyiooeo cania?a ca ??ciiiai?oieo
oiia ? aea?aii iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiee c ieo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe

I?iaaaeaiee o ?iaio? aiae?c cania?a ia?iaee ?icn?yieo neaiae?a i?e
aa?oeeaeueiiio ciiaeoaaii? yniiai iaaa aeicaieea aea?aoe aeai?eoi
ooieoe?iioaaiiy a?o?iaiai i?io?eiiao?a, yeee caaacia/o? aei??
oaeaeeino? oa iai?yieo a?o?o c iaeiaioeie iioeaeaie, ooi/ieoe no?oeoo?o
aia?aoo?e ia?iaee oa iaa?oiooaaoe ?? iniiai? ia?aiao?e.

Aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaeao i?io?eiiao?a, ui ?aae?ciaaii ia oeeo
i?eioeeiao, iieacaa i?e aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei??thaaiiyo i?eeiyoi?
oa?aeoa?enoeee oi/iino? aecia/aiiy oaeaeeino? oa iai?yieo a?o?o, aeniea
/aniaa ?ic??ciaiiy iaea?aeoaaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Oeei aoei
i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aeioe?euei?noue aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaieo ??oaiue i?e
iiaoaeia? noaioe?e aeey iii?oi?eiao aoiinoa?ieo ia?aiao??a c
aeine?aeiith iaoith, aeey ?ica’ycaiiy caaea/ i?aeoe/ii? iaoai?ieia??
oa iaoai?ieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy aa?aoe??.

?ic?iaeai? iiaeae? ?icn?yiiai neaiaeo oa nenoaie eiai ia?iaee iiaeooue
aooe aeei?enoai? aeey iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue, ine?eueee
aeicaieythoue eaaei iiaeeo?eoaaoe oiiae iiaeaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a oa
caniae ia?iaee.

Ca?ac ia i?aenoaa? ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe o IIAeE ?O ?ic?iaey?oueny
i?ioioei ?ON AC aeey noai?aiiy Oe?a?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? ia?aae?
a?o?iaeo i?io?eiiao??a.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a ?iaioe a ioae?eaoe??, iaienai? o
ni?aaaoi?noa?. Aaoi?ii aoei ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoie ia?aeiii? oa aoi?eiii?
ia?iaee neaiae?a aeey aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaeaoa ?ON AC; ?ic?iaeaii
i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeey ?oiuei? ?aae?caoe??. ?ic?iaeaii iiaeae?
neaiaeo oa nenoaie eiai ia?iaee; aeine?aeaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeee cania?a
ia?aiao?ecaoe?? niaeo?o ?icn?yiiai neaiaeo ia iiaeae?. Aaoi?ii
?ic?iaeaii ?

aeaioiaeaii nenoaio oeeo?iai? ia?iaee a?aeaeoeo neaiae?a aeey iaeaoo
?ON AC, i?iaaaeaii aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?aa?aie ni?yiiaaiino? aioaie
(ni?eueii c Nieyiee I.A.), i?iaaaeaii oeeee ni?eueieo aei???a c?
noaioe??th aa?ieia?/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy, ia?iaeaii ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei???a.

Ia caoeno aeiinyoueny

1. No?oeoo?a nenoaie ia?iaee neaiae?a o ?ON AC oa aeai?eoie ia?aeiii?
oa aoi?eiii? ia?iaee, aea?? ia?aiao??a aia?aoo?e.

2. Iiaeae? ?icn?yiiai neaiaeo oa nenoaie ia?iaee neaiaeo i?e
aa?oeeaeueiiio ?aae?ieieaoe?eiiio ciiaeoaaii? iaiaeii??aeiinoae
eiao?oe??ioa caeiieaiiy aoiinoa?e i?e yniiio iaa?.

3. Ioe?iee iioeaie aei???a ia?aiao??a neaiaeo, ye? io?eiaii a
iiaeaeueieo aenia?eiaioao ca ??ciiiai?oieo oiia.

4. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei??thaaiue oaeaeeino? a?o?o ia
iaeao? ?ON AC.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeeny ia oaeeo eiioa?aioe?yo oa
neiiic?oiao:

— I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y “Oai??y ? oaoi?ea ia?aaea/?, i?eeiio oa
ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??”, Ooaina, 1995 ?.

— I?aeia?iaeia iaoeiaa eiioa?aioe?y “Iaoai?i? /anoee a aoiinoa?? Caie?”,
Oa?e?a,1996a.

— I?aeia?iaeia eiioa?aioe?y ii a?o?iaei i?io?eiiao?ai COST-76 Profiler
Workshop PWS-97, Engelberg, Switzerland, 1997.

— VII neiiic?oi c niiy/ii-caiii? o?ceee ?in?? ? e?a?i NIAe, 1998a.,
i. O?i?oeuee.

Ioae?eaoe??

1. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 7 ?ia?o, c ieo 3 ?iaioe o
aeaeaiiyo, iaaaaeaieo o ia?ae?eo AAE (iaeia c o?ueio — o
ni?aaaoi?noa?), 3 ?iaioe a ca?oa?aeieo aeaeaiiyo (o ni?aaaoi?noa?), 1
aeaiiiiaaia noaooy.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny c anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 73 iaeiaioaaiue ? 6
aeiaeaoe?a. Ianya aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe neeaaea? 136 noi??iie
ae?oeiaaiiai oaenoo, 6 noi??iie nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, 63
?ethno?aoe?? ia 31 noi??ioe? , 9 oaaeeoeue, ui caeiathoue 4 noi??iee,
22 noi??iee aeiaeaoe?a. Caaaeueiee ianya ?iaioe 203 noi??iee.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue aea?aiiai iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue
oa eiai iaoeiao iiaecio. Noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe,
?? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy. Iieacaii iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a. Iaaaaeaii ianya
oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Ia?ae?/aii ioae?eaoe?? aaoi?a ca oaiith
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, iaaaaeaii ia?ae?e eiioa?aioe?e oa neiiic?oi?a,
ia yeeo cae?eniaii ai?iaaoe?th ?iaioe.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii iaeyae e?oa?aoo?e oa aecia/aii iaoeia?
iieiaeaiiy ? oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae, ui noaee i?aenoaaith ?ica’ycaiue
caaea/ aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aecia/aii aeiiae aei iaiao?aeii?
oi/iino? ioe?iie oaeaeeino? a?o?o oa eiai iai?yieo, /aniaa ?ic??ciaiiy,
ui iaiao?aeia aeey iaoai?ieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy aa?aoe?? oa
i?iaiicoaaiiy iiaiaee. ?icaeyiooi oa?aeoa?enoeee, ia?aaaae oa iaaeie?ee
o?aaeeoe?eieo ? ia?niaeoeaieo cania?a io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i
aeeiai?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee aoiinoa?e. Aiae?c oeeo cania?a iieaco?, ui
?ON AC ? iaea?eueo ia?niaeoeaiei oaoi?/iei caniaii aeey io?eiaiiy
aenioieo i?io?e?a oaeaeeino? e iai?yieo a?o?o o o?iii-no?aoinoa??.
Aeae? ?icaeyiooi ?noi??th ?icaeoeo oa caaaeuei? i?eioeeie
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ?ON AC, a oaeiae no/aniee noai ia?eo a?o?iaeo
i?io?eiiao??a ca ei?aeiiii

oa ?oiy eeaneo?eaoe?y. O ae?oaee /anoeie ?icae?eo iaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeea
aoiinoa?e oa aoiinoa?ieo ?oo?a ??ciiiai?oieo oei?a — ?aaoey?ieo,
ia?aaoey?ieo, oo?aoeaioieo. I?iaiae?ciaaii oa?aeoa?enoeee
oo?aoeaioiino?, ui ? iaei??th c i?e/ei iiyae iaiaeii??aeiinoae
eiao?oe??ioa caeiieaiiy i?e yniiio iaa?. I?e ?icaeyae? ?icn?thaaiiy
?aae?ioaeeue ia oo?aoeaioieo iaiaeii??aeiinoyo aeei?enoiaothoueny
?acoeueoaoe, ye? io?eiaii A. ?. Oaoa?nueeei aeey aeiaaeeo iaeii??aeii?
eieaeueii ?cio?iiii? oo?aoeaioiino?. ?icn?thaaiiy a?aeaoaa?oueny ia
eiiiiiaio? i?inoi?iai? iaiaeii??aeiino? eiao?oe??ioa caeiieaiiy c
ianooaaii wmetafile8? ??

??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyya ??e?? ???&? ?MathType??°?
???u?????????»????-?????W?‹???oe¬???u?th??????A ae?oaiio
?icae?e? ia i?aenoaa? aeei?enoaiiy a?aeiieo cania?a aaean?aneiai
iioeiaeueiiai ioe?ithaaiiy ia?aiao??a neaiaeo aecia/aii no?oeoo?o
i?eeiaeueiiai i?eno?ith, ui ae?iaey? ioe?ieo oaeaeeino? a?o?o oa
aeenia?n?? oaeaeeinoae i?e aa?oeeaeueiiio ciiaeoaaii? yniiai iaaa.
I?eeiaeueiee i?eno??e ? ei?aeyoe?eiei i?eeia/ai c iaeiie/o-

aaiiyi neaiaeo. A?aoiaoth/e ae?ae iaea cia/aiiy aeiiea??anueeiai cnoao
/anoioe ?icn?yiiai neaiaeo, ui neeaaea? iaeeieoe? aa?oe, aeey eiai
aecia/aiiy i?iiiio?oueny aeei?enoaiiy iaai?o iine?aeiaii iaea?aeoaaieo
ioe?iie oace i?eeia?ieo neaiae?a. Niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c oe??? ?aae?caoe??
aeicaiey? io?eiaoe aiinoa??i?io aonoeio ?iia??iino? ?iciiae?eo
aeiiea??anei? /anoioe. I?ney oeueiai ae??oaeueiee i?eno??e ia i?aenoaa?
aea?aii? ooieoe?? aa?oino? ao?ao ae?iaey? ioe?ieo aeiiea??anei? /anoioe
oa niaeo?aeueii? oe?eie ?icn?yiiai neaiaeo — aeeiio? ia?aiao?ecaoe?th
niaeo?o.

Ia i?aenoaa? cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee ia?iaee neaiaeo aecia/aii
no?oeoo?io noaio ioe?ithth/iai i?eno?ith oa aeai?eoie ia?aeiii? ia?iaee
neaiaeo, aei yeeo iaeaaeaoue:

· iiia?aaeiy ia?iaea /aniaeo ?aae?caoe?e;

· niaeo?aeueiee aiae?c;

· i?ioeaaeo?e iaeiie/oaaiiy, ia?iaee niaeo??a oa aeeo/aiiy
ei?aeueiaaieo caaaae;

· ia?aiao?ecaoe?y niaeo??a — io?eiaiiy iaeeie/ieo ioe?iie
aeiiea??anueei? /anoioe (oaeaeeino? a?o?o) oa niaeo?aeueii? oe?eie
(aeenia?n?? oaeaeeino? a?o?o).

Iienaii aeai?eoie io?eiaiiy ioe?iie, ye? ?aae?cothoue can?a
iaeneioio aiinoa??i?ii? ?iia??iino? oa can?a oeaio?o oyae?iiy. sse
aeueoa?iaoeaiee can?a cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo iaeiaioeo
eaaae?ao?a c ai?ieneioth/ith ooieoe??th o aeaeyae? aaon?aie.

Aeae? iienaii cai?iiiiiaai? caniae aoi?eiii? ia?iaee aeaieo
ciiaeoaaiiy, ui iieyaathoue o aiae?c? iaeeie/ieo ioe?iie oaeaeeino? oa
niaeo?aeueii? oe?eie c iaoith aeeo/aiiy iaa??ia?aeieo aeaieo,
a?aeiiaeaiiy i?iione?a oa io?eiaiiy na?aaeiuei/aniaeo ? ?ioeo
?ioaa?aeueieo ioe?iie aoiinoa?ieo ?oo?a. Cai?iiiiiaai? aeai?eoie
aoi?eiii? ia?iaee iiae?eaii ia aea? /anoeie: ia?iaeo o aenioi?e
iaeano? oa o /ania?e. Oea aeicaiey? aeei?enoaoe i?eioeei ia?ic?eaiino?
o?ce/ieo aaee/ei, oa ?o a?aae??ioe, ui ?aaeueii ?niothoue a
aoiinoa??.

A ae?oaee /anoeie ?icae?eo iaaeaii iaa?oiooaaiiy aeai?o iniiaieo
ia?aiao??a a?o?iaiai i?io?eiiao?o: ?iai/i? /anoioe, aia?aaoe/iiai
iioaioe?aeo, oe?eie i?iia-

iy ae?aa?aie ni?yiiaaiino? aioaie e eooa ?? iaoeeo, a oaeiae
ia?aiao??a nenoaie ia?iaee neaiaeo. Ia?aiao?e aioaiii? nenoaie
aecia/athoue ?acoeueooth/? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiiieaeno, oiio i?e ?oiueiio
aeai?? iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe aoaeoe ?aeo?nii? (eooiai?) /ooeeaino?,
ci?uaiiy ioe?iie ?c-ca ca?eueoaiiy ?iioeueniiai ia’?io oa ?yae ?ioeo.
Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo i?i aaee/eio no?oeoo?ii?
noaei?

wmetafile8? ??Y????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
Aa???&??yyyy?????AyyyFyyy ??c?? ???&?
?MathType??`????uAth?????? O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iienaii cai?iiiiiaaio
iiaeaeue ?icn?yiiai neaiaeo, yea a?oioo?oueny ia aeine?aeaeaiiyo oai???
?icn?thaaiiy, ?icaeyiooi? o 1 ?icae?e? oa ia ?acoeueoaoao
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaieo ia iaeao? ?ON AC.
Iiaeaeue nenoaie ia?iaee neaiaeo ?aae?co? o?e caniae io?eiaiiy
ioe?iie oaeaeeino? a?o?o oa niaeo?aeueii? oe?eie — can?a iaeneioio
aiinoa??i?ii? ?iia??iino?, can?a oeaio?o oyae?iiy oa can?a iaeiaioeo
eaaae?ao?a. Ia a?aei?io a?ae iaaaaeaieo o e?oa?aoo?? aiaeia?a,
iiaeaeue ?icaeiooi, aiia ia? ye a?eueo oe?ieee iaa?? aiae?co?ieo
cania?a ia?aiao?ecaoe?? niaeo?o, oae ? cia/ii a?eueo aeecueeee aei
?aaeueiiai neeaae neaiaeo, yeee i?noeoue aaon?a noaoe?iia?iee ooi,
ei?aeueiaai? caaaaee c iaioeueiaith /anoioith, niaeo?aeuei? eiiiiiaioe,
coiiaeai? ia?aeaioe/i?noueth eaaae?aoo?ieo eaiae?a i?eeia/a.

Ia ia?o?e noaae?? iiaeaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a aoei aecia/aii oa?aeoa?
?icn?thaaiiy iiieeie ioe?iie oaeaeeino? a?o?o oa niaeo?aeueii? oe?eie,
ui aeyaeany aeecueeei aei ii?iaeueiiai. Oea aeicaieeei aeey ii??aiyiiy
?icaeyiooeo cania?a aeei?enoaoe ?iciianthaeaeaio iaoiaeeeo io?eiaiiy
na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ieo a?aeoeeaiue ye ia?oiai noaoenoe/iiai iiiaioo.
Aeey aiae?co cania?a ia?aiao?ecaoe?? aoei i?iaaaeaii oae? a?oie
iiaeaeueieo aenia?eiaio?a:

· ca a?aenooiino? ei?aeueiaaieo caaaae oa ?ioeo aoaeo?a niioai?aiiy
niaeo?o;

· i?e aieea? ei?aeueiaaieo caaaae;

· i?e ia?aeaioe/iiio eiao?oe??io? ia?aaea/? eaaae?aoo?ieo eaiae?a.

O eiaei?e a?oi? aecia/aeeny caeaaeiino? na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ieo iiieeie
ioe?iie oaeaeeino? a?o?o oa niaeo?aeueii? oe?eie a?ae cia/aiiy
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ ooi (a ae?aiacii? -10…+20 aeA).

I?e ia?iaoe? ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy aecia/aii:

· oa?aeoa? eieae?caoe?? iiieeie ia i?io?e? oaeaeeino? a?o?o;

· cia/aiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy n/o, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue ii?iao aeieeiaiiy
aiiiaeueieo iiieeie;

· aaee/eie caeeoeiaeo iiieeie ioe?iie oaeaeeino? a?o?o oa niaeo?aeueii?
oe?eie i?e aaeeeeo ni?aa?aeiioaiiyo n/o.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy aecia/aii iaea?eueo
i?eeiyoiee aeey aeei?enoaiiy o ?aaeueieo oiiaao can?a ia?aiao?ecaoe??
niaeo??a (io?eiaiiy ioe?iie) — iaoiae iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a.

O ae?oa?e /anoeie ?icae?eo iaaaaeaii iien aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iaeaoo
?ON AC, i?eioeeie ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? noenea oa?aeoa?enoeea eiai iniiaieo
nenoai, i?eeaae?a oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy. Iienaii ?acoeueoaoe
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aei???a ia iaeao?. Aeey aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?enoee
aioaiii? nenoaie, ye iaeaaaeeea?oiai eiiiiiaioo noaioe??, aoei
i?iaaaeaii aei??e ?aae?iano?iiii?/iei caniaii, c aeei?enoaiiyi
?aae?iaeaea?ae Eann?iiay A oa Eaa?aeue A, ui aeicaieeei aecia/eoe
?aaeueio oe?eio aieiaiiai iaethnoea ae?aa?aie ni?yiiaaiino? oa
aia?oo?o aioaiii? nenoaie.

Aeey aecia/aiiy iioeaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo ioe?iie oaeaeeino?
oa iai?yieo a?o?o aoei i?iaaaeaii oeeee ni?eueieo aei???a c? noaioe??th
aa?ieia?/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy Oa?e?anueeiai aa?iii?oo. Aiane?aeie aei???a
io?eiaii cia/aiiy ona?aaeiaii? ii onueiio ae?aiaciio aenio ? ii
aeae?eueeii naainai aei???a aaee/eie na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/iiai
a?aeoeeaiiy oaeaeeino? a?o?o oa eiai iai?yieo i?ae aeaiia
aei??thaaeueieie nenoaiaie (?ON AC e ?aae?iciiae), ui neeaee 2,28 i/n
oa 8,3 a?aeiia?aeii. A?aoiaoth/e a?aenoaiue i?ae ioieoaie
niinoa?aaeaiiy (i?eaeecii 75 ei), ui i?ecaiaeeea aei iayaiino? iii?oieo
i?inoi?iaeo ? /aniaeo aa??aoe?e iiey oaeaeeino? a?o?o, ca?a ?acoeueoao?a
iiae-

ia aeciaoe caaeia?eueiei — eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? i?ae cia/aiiyie
oaeaeeino? a?o?o, ye? aecia/aii aeaiia caniaaie, aeey iaeeie/ieo naain?a
aei???a neeaa i?eaeecii 0,91.

Iaaaaeaii oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe /ioe?eaeiaiaiai aacia?a?aiiai
oeeeeo niinoa?aaeaiue, ye? aeaiiino?othoue i?ioeane aoi?eiii? ia?iaee,
oi?ie iiaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ciiaeoaaiiy, ui aeicaieythoue iai/ii
niinoa??aaoe aoiinoa?i? i?ioeane oa ?oith aaiethoe?th.

O aeniiaeao iaaaaeaii iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe.

O aeiaeaoeao iaaaaeaii a?ao?ee caeaaeiino? iiieeie ioe?iie oaeaeeino?
a?o?o oa niaeo?aeueii? oe?eie, i?io?e? iaea?aeaieo ioe?iie, oa ?io?
?ethno?aoe?? uiaei ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy, ye? ia oa?eoee aei
iniiaiiai oaenoo.

AENIIAEE

Aeooaeueia caaea/a io?eiaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i aeeiai?/i? ia?aiao?e
aoiinoa?e aeey iaoai?ieia?/iiai caaacia/aiiy aa?aoe??, i?aeoe/ii?
iaoai?ieia??, ioi?iie iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua iiaea aooe ae??oaia c
aeiiiiiaith aei???a ia ?ON AC. Caaeiaieaiiy no/anieo aeiia aei yeino?
iaea?aeoaaii? ?ioi?iaoe?? — i?inoi?iaiai oa /aniaiai ?ic??ciaiiy,
aaee/eie iioeaie ioe?iie oaeaeeino? oa iai?yieo a?o?o aeiaaa?
?ic?iaee oa canoinoaaiiy o ?ON AC niaoe?ae?ciaaieo aeai?eoi?a ia?iaee
neaiae?a, ye? ?aae?cothoue iioeiaeuei? i?aeoiaee. Oey caaea/a aoea
ae??oaia o aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co iniaeeainoae
aoiinoa?e ye oe?e? aeenoaioe?eiiai ciiaeoaaiiy oa oa?aeoa?enoee
?icn?yieo neaiae?a. Aaeaioaoe?y a?aeiieo o noaoenoe/i?e ?aae?ioaoi?oe?
cania?a iioeiaeueiiai ioe?ithaaiiy ia?aiao??a neaiae?a aei oiia
aa?oeeaeueiiai ciiaeoaaiiy oo?aoeaioieo iaiaeii??aeiinoae
o?iii-no?aoinoa?e aeicaieeea io?eiaoe aeai?eoie ia?aeiii? oa aoi?eiii?
ia?iaee neaiae?a, ooi/ieoe no?oeoo?o oa iniiai? ia?aiao?e aia?aoo?e
a?o?iaiai i?io?eiiao?a. Ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c cania?a ia?aiao?ecaoe??
niaeo??a ca aaee/eiith iioeaie iaea?aeoaaieo ioe?iie aoei i?iaaaeaii
oeyoii ?i?oaoe?eiiai iiaeaethaaiiy, ine?eueee io?eiaiiy aiae?oe/ieo
caeaaeiinoae aeey ?aaeueieo cia/aiue ni?aa?aeiioaiiy neaiae/ooi
cono??/a?oueny c? cia/ieie o?oaeiiuaie. Aeey oeueiai aoei noai?aii
iiaeae? ?icn?yiiai neaiaeo oa nenoaie eiai ia?iaee, oaeineiiaeai? o
ii??aiyii? c iienaieie a e?oa?aoo?? aiaeiaaie. I?e noai?aii? iiaeaeae
aeei?enoiaoaaeenue aenia?eiaioaeueii io?eiai? aeai? i?i oa?aeoa?enoeee
oaciaiai niaeo?o neaiae?a, ?icn?yieo ia iaiaeii??aeiinoyo eiao?oe??ioa
caeiieaiiy aoiinoa?e i?e aa?oeeaeueiiio ciiaeoaaii? yniiai iaaa.

Aiane?aeie iiaeaethaaiiy aecia/aii, ui iioeaee ioe?iie oaeaeeino? a?o?o
oa niaeo?aeueii? oe?eie iathoue ii?iaeueiee caeii ?iciiae?eo aeey an?o
?icaeyiooeo cania?a ia?aiao?ecaoe?? niaeo??a. Io?eiaii cia/aiiy
na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ieo iiieeie ioe?iie oaeaeeino? a?o?o oa
niaeo?aeueii? oe?eie a ??ciiiai?oieo oiiaao (a caeaaeiino? a?ae
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy n/o, aeenia?n?? oaeaeeino? a?o?o, iayaiino? oa aaee/eie
ei?aeueiaaieo caaaae, ?ioeo ia?aiao??a) aeey o?ueio cania?a
ia?aiao?ecaoe?? niaeo??a. Ca a?aenooiino? o niaeo?? neaiaeo caaaaeiaeo
eiiiiiaio?a (ie??i aaoniaiai ooio) on? ?icaeyioo? caniae ia?aiao?ecaoe??
niaeo??a aeathoue iaci?uai? aneiioioe/ii aoaeoeai? ioe?iee ye oaeaeeino?
a?o?o, oae ? niaeo?aeueii? oe?eie. Aieea ei?aeueiaaieo caaaae (caiia
caaaaea) ia caeaaeiino? NEI ioe?iie a?ae ni?aa?aeiioaiiy n/o
ae?aaea?oueny o cnoa? e?eaeo aei iaeano? a?eueoeo cia/aiue n/o. I?e
oeueiio ? ii?iaiaa cia/aiiy ni?aa?aeiioaiiy n/o, i?e ia?aaeuaii? yeiai
NEI ioe?iie oaeaeeino? a?o?o ??cei ciaioo?oueny ? cieeathoue aiiiaeuei?
iioeaee. Iioeaee ia?aiao?ecaoe??, coiiaeai? iayai?noth ei?aeueiaaieo
caaaae oa ?icaaeaina eaaae?aoo?ieo eaiae?a, cina?aaeaeaii a iaeano?
aeecueeeo aei ioey cia/aiue aeiiea??aneeo /anoio.

Iiaeaethaaiiy iieacaei, ui iaea?eueo i?eeiyoiei i?e ia?aiao?ecaoe??
niaeo??a o ?ON AC ? can?a iaeiaioeo eaaae?ao?a c ai?ieneioth/ith
ooieoe??th o aeaeyae? aaon?aie. Oeae can?a ? iaea?eueo no?eeei aei
aee?eaeaiiy niaeo?aeueii? aonoeie iiooaeiino? ?icn?yiiai neaiaeo
caaaaeiaeie eiiiiiaioaie.

______________________________________________________________________

— iaeao ?ON AC ?ic?iaeaii ni?eueii c A. I. Ieaei?eiaui , I. A. Nieyiee
oa E. I. Oaoa?oeii .

— iaeao ?ON AC ?ic?iaeaii ni?eueii c A. I. Ieaei?eiaui , I. A.
Nieyiee oa E. I. Oaoa?oeii .

?ic?iaeaii oa aeaioiaeaii aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaeao i?io?eiiao?a aeey
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?o?iaeo ?oo?a o o?iii-no?aoinoa??. O
i?ia?aiii-aia?aoiiio eiiieaen?, ui caaacia/o? ia?iaeo neaiae?a a
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaeao?, ?aae?ciaaii ?ic?iaeai? caniae e aeai?eoie
ia?aeiii? oa aoi?eiii? ia?iaee. Aei??e, ye? aoei i?iaaaeaii ia
aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaeao?, i?aeoaa?aeeee, ui cai?iiiiiaai? ??oaiiy
aeicaieythoue caaeiaieueieoe no/ani? aeiiae aei yeino? iaea?aeoaaii?
?ioi?iaoe??. Iioeaee aecia/aiiy oaeaeeino? a?o?o oa eiai iai?yieo,
io?eiai? ca ni?eueieie aei??aie c? noaioe??th aa?i-

______________________________________________________________________

eia?/iiai ciiaeoaaiiy Oa?e?anueeiai aa?iii?oo, ia ia?aaeuoaaee 2,3 i/n
oa 8,3. *aniaa ?ic??ciaiiy iaea?aeoaaieo aeaieo neeaei 2 oaeeeie, ui
a?aeiia?aea? aiaeia?/iiio iieacieeo aeey iaea?eueo iioe?aieo
ca?oa?aeieo a?o?iaeo i?io?eiiao??a.

Nienie iioae?eiaaieo i?aoeue

1. Ea?aaaiia A. A. Ia?aaioea io?aaeaiiuo neaiaeia a ?EN aa?oeeaeueiiai
ciiaee?iaaiey aoiinoa?u // ?aaeeioaoieea, Anaoe?. iaaeaaae. iao/.-oaoi.
na., Aui. 106, 1998.- N. 40 — 49.

2. Ea?aaaiia A. A. Iaeioi?ua ?acoeueoaou iiaea?iecaoeee
?aaeeieieaoeeiiiie noaioeee aa?oeeaeueiiai ciiaee?iaaiey Oa?ueeianeiai
oieaa?neoaoa ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieee // ?aaeeioaoieea, Anaoe?. iaaeaaae.
iao/.-oaoi. na., Aui. 106, 1998.-N. 33 — 39.

3. Ieaeieeia A. I., I. A. Nieyiee, A. A. Ea?aaaiia. Ieceiiioaioeeaeueiay
aoiinoa?iay ?EN aa?oeeaeueiiai ciiaee?iaaiey // ?aaeeioaoieea, Anaoe?.
iaaeaaae. iao/.-oaoi. na., Aui. 107, 1998.- N. 24 — 27.

4. Kashcheyev B., Oleynikov V., Oleynikov A., Solyanik O., Karabanov A.
Some results of the atmospheric wind profiler of the Kharkov University
of radioelectronics.- Meteorologische Zeitschrift, NF 7, p.332 —
335, Dezember 1998.

5. Kascheyev B.L., Oleynikov V.N., Oleynikov A.N., Solyanik O.A.,
Karabanov A.G.

Atmospheric wind profiler of Kharkov University of radioelectronics.-
In: COST-76 Profiler Workshop Extended Abstracts, Vol.2.- Engelberg,
1997, p. 309-312.

6. Oleynikov V.N., Karabanov A.G. Algorithms of Secondary Data
Processing in the Atmospheric Wind Profiler.- In: COST-76 Profiler
Workshop Extended Abstracts, Vol.2.- Engelberg, 1997, p. 326-329.

7. Enneaaeiaaiea aoiinoa?iuo aeeiaie/aneeo i?ioeannia a
opiii-nopaoinoapa n iiiiuueth ?EN aa?oeeaeueiiai ciiaee?iaaiey. *anoue
1. Iniiaiua i?eioeeiu e iaoiaeu/ Eauaaa A.E., Ea?aaaiia A.A., Ieaeieeia
A.I., Nieyiee I.A.; Oapuee. oaoi. oi.-o
paaeeiyeaeopiieee.-Oapueeia,1995.-30n: ee.-Aeai. a AIOAO 28.02.95 N525
Oi 95.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ea?aaaiia A. A. Ioeaiea aeeiaie/aneeo ia?aiao?ia
o?iii-no?aoinoa?u ?aaeeioaoie/aneeie nenoaiaie aa?oeeaeueiiai
ciiaee?iaaiey. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.12.21 — ?aaeeioaoie/aneea nenoaiu
niaoeeaeueiiai iacia/aiey.- Oa?ueeianeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee
oieaa?neoao ?aaeeiyeaeo?iieee, Oa?ueeia,1998 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai nicaeaiey ?aaeeioaoie/aneie nenoaiu
aa?oeeaeueiiai ciiaee?iaaiey (?ON AC) aeey enneaaeiaaiey aao?iauo
aeaeaeaiee a o?iii-no?aoinoa?a. A ?aaioa ?anniao?eaaaony neo/ae
aa?oeeaeueiiai ciiaee?iaaiey iaiaeii?iaeiinoae eiyooeoeeaioa i?aeiieaiey
aoiinoa?u i?e yniii iaaa (ionoonoaee aeae?iiaoai?ia). ?ac?aaioaia
no?oeoo?a aiia?aoo?u ?ON AC e iaoiaeeea iieo/aiey ioeaiie nei?inoe e
iai?aaeaiey aao?a. Iainiiaai auai? iniiaiuo ia?aiao?ia ?ON AC.

?ac?aaioaiu iiaeaee ?annayiiiai neaiaea e nenoaiu aai ia?aaioee. A
?acoeueoaoa iiaeaeueiuo yenia?eiaioia ii?aaeaeaiu iia?aoiinoe ioeaiie
nei?inoe aao?a e niaeo?aeueiie oe?eiu aeey ?anniao?eaaaiuo iaoiaeia
ia?aaioee neaiaeia a ?ON AC. Yenia?eiaioaeueiuie enneaaeiaaieyie
iiaeoaa?aeaeaia i?aaeeueiinoue i?aaeeiaeaiiuo ?aoaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aaeeioaoie/aneay nenoaia, aa?oeeaeueiia
ciiaee?iaaiea, nei?inoue aao?a, ia?aaioea neaiaea, iiaeaeue.

AIIOAOe?ss

Ea?aaaiia A. A. Ioe?iea aeeiai?/ieo ia?aiao??a o?iii-no?aoinoa?e
?aae?ioaoi?/ieie nenoaiaie aa?oeeaeueiiai ciiaeoaaiiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeueiino? 05.12. 21 — ?aae?ioaoi?/i? nenoaie niaoe?aeueiiai
i?ecia/aiiy. — Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao
?aae?iaeaeo?ii?ee, Oa?e?a, 1998 a.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi noai?aiiy ?aae?ioaoi?/ii? nenoaie
aa?oeeaeueiiai ciiaeoaaiiy (?ON AC) aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy a?o?iaeo ?oo?a
o o?iii-no?aoinoa??. O ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi aeiaaeie aa?oeeaeueiiai
ciiaeoaaiiy iaiaeii??aeiinoae eiao?oe??ioa caeiieaiiy aoiinoa?e i?e
yniiio iaa? (a?aenooiino? a?ae?iiaoai??a). ?ic?iaeaii no?oeoo?o
aia?aoo?e ?ON AC, iaoiaeeeo io?eiaiiy ioe?iie oaeaeeino? e iai?yieo
a?o?o. Iaa?oioiaaii aea?? iniiaieo ia?aiao??a ?ON AC. ?ic?iaeaii iiaeae?
?icn?yiiai neaiaeo ? nenoaie eiai ia?iaee. O iiaeaeueieo aenia?eiaioao
aecia/aii iioeaee ioe?iie oaeaeeino? a?o?o oa niaeo?aeueii? oe?eie aeey
?icaeyiooeo cania?a ia?iaee neaiae?a o ?ON AC. Aenia?eiaioaeueieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie i?aeoaa?aeaeaii aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaieo ??oaiue.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aae?ioaoi?/ia nenoaia, aa?oeeaeueia ciiaeoaaiiy,
oaeaee?noue a?o?o, ia?iaea neaiaeo, iiaeaeue.

ABSTRACT

Karabanov A.G. Estimation of tropo-stratosphere dynamic parameters by
vertical sounding radiotechnical systems. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate degree by speciality 05.12.21- radiotechnical
systems of special purposes.- Kharkov state technical university of
radioelectronics, Kharkiv, 1998.

The dissertation is devoted to questions of creation of vertical
sounding radiotechnical system (VS RTS) that measures the wind motions
in tropo-stratosphere. The case of vertical sounding of clear air
irregularities is discussed. The structure of VS RTS and methods of
signal processing for wind velocity determination is worked out. The
reasons for main parameters choice are given. The model of scattered
signals and processing system is proposed. By modelling the errors of
wind velocity and spectral width estimations for discussed signal
processing methods is obtained, and the best one is determined. The
effectiveness of proposed decisions is confirmed by experimental
measurements.

Key words: radiotechnical system, vertical sounding, wind velocity,
signal processing, model.

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