9

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa

Aeanyoithe Ienaia Ie?ii?aia

OAeE 338.4

Iae?e ? aioo??oi?e aoaeeo iniiaieo cania?a :

i?aai?caoe?y oa iaoiaeeea

(ia i?eeeaae? i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii?

i?iieneiaino? cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 08.06.04. -Aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e, aiae?c oa aoaeeo

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe

Oa?iii?eue-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aeiiii?ee, iae?eo ? eiio?ieth a iaae?iaie/?e
noa?? Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee : eaiaeeaeao
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe , i?ioani?

Inoai’the Ie?ineaa ss?ineaaiae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aeiiii?ee, iae?eo ?
eiio?ieth a iaae?iaie/?e noa?? Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi?
aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

Ona/ Aiaaeai Oaaei?iae/, i?ioani? eaoaae?e aoaeeoo Euea?anueei?
eiia?oe?eii? aeaaeai??;

eaiaeeaeao aeiiii?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Naia/ia Ieeiea ?aaiiae/, aee?aeoi? ?inoeoooo iae?eo ? aoaeeoo
Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Euea?anueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? ?aaia O?aiea, eaoaae?a iae?eo ? aoaeeoo,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i. Euea?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 18 ” ethoiai 1999 ?ieo i 11-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 58.082.01 Oa?iii?euenueei?
aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ca aae?anith 282004, i. Oa?iii?eue,
aoe. Euea?anueea, 11.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?iii?euenueei?
aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 16 » n?/iy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? aeiiii?/ieo iaoe,

i?ioani?
Oa??ii ?. Ae.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Cae?eniaiiy aoaeoeaieo caoiae?a uiaei noaa?e?caoe??
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie ? ia?ao?ae aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei iio?aaothoue
i?eioeeiiai iiaeo i?aeoiae?a aei oi?aae?iiy iniiaieie caniaaie. ?eiie
aeiaaa? oaeaeeiai ?aaaoaaiiy ia ci?ie ainiiaea?nueei? neooaoe??, yea
iia’ycaia c oi?aae?iiyi iniiaieie caniaaie oa eiai aieeaii ia noai
ae?iaieoeoaa ? o?iainiai-ainiiaea?nueeo ae?yeuei?noue i?aei?e?inoa a
oe?eiio. Nueiaiaei? iie?ioaiiy aeei?enoaiiy aeaieo ia’?eo?a ? iaeiei ?c
aieiaieo oaeoi??a i?ia?ano ?icaeoeo aeiiii?ee, a?ae yeiai caeaaeeoue
ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io ae?iaieoeoaa aac aeiaeaoeiaeo eai?oaeiaeeaaeaiue. Oea
coiiaeth? iaiao?aei?noue oaeineiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?? oa iaoiaeeee iae?eo
? ia?aaoaeiae nenoaie eiio?ieth iniiaieo cania?a oa i?eaaaeaiiy ?o o
a?aeiia?aei?noue aei aeiia ?eieiai? ?io?ano?oeoo?e.

Ci?ia iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee Oe?a?ie i?eaaea aei o?ainoi?iaoe?? nenoaie
aeo?ao a ae?yeueiino? i?aei?e?inoa oa iiyae iiaiai aeaeo iae?eo —
iiaeaoeiaiai, nooue yeiai caiaeeoueny aei iiaeaoeiaeo ?ic?aooie?a
iiiaeaoeiaaiiai i?eaooeo oa iiaeaoeo ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue. A iaaeao
oi?aae?iiy caeeoeany ? aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e, iniiaiith iniaeea?noth
yeiai ? a?aeia?aaeaiiy ainiiaea?nueeeo cania?a, aeaea?ae ?o oi?ioaaiiy
oa ainiiaea?nueeeo i?ioean?a, ye eiai ia’?eo?a. Oea i?eioeeiiai ci?ieei
aeo?aoiee iaoai?ci i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino? a /anoei?
oi?ioaaiiy aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue ii a?oiao iniiaieo cania?a ? a
iae?eiaiio a?aeia?aaeaii? i?ioean?a ?ooo aeaieo ia’?eo?a iae?eo a
oe?eiio.

Aaaeeeaa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, ae?iaie/o ni?yiiaai?noue ? iaeii/anii
i?iaeaii?noue iathoue ieoaiiy oi?ioaaiiy aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo
cania?a. Aieiaiei iai?yieii eiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? ?ic?iaea ae??aiai
iaoai?cio caa?aaeaiiy ia’?eo?a oa ?o aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy, a oiio
/ene? a oiiaao ci?ie i?aai?caoe?eii-i?aaiai? oi?ie ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino?. A?aenooi?noue ?aeeii?
iaoiaee/ii? iniiae oa aniaeo?a i?aai?caoe?? i?eaaee aei noieanoe/iiai
i?aeoiaeo a ?icaeoeo aoaeeoo acaaae? oa ii ae?eyieao iae?eo, a oiio
/ene? ? iniiaieo cania?a.

?icaeoeia? oai??? oa i?aeoeee iae?eo ? aoaeeoo, iaeneiaeueiiio
iaaeeaeaiith aooaaeoa?nueei? iaoiaeieia?? aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei oa
i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a ni?eythoue i?aoe? Ai?iaee?ia I.N., Aaeo?aa
A.?., Aaoueiaia A.A., Aooeaeethea C.A., E??aeoeaaa A. A., E?oaeyea A.
N., Eocuei?inueeiai A.I., Eoaeaeueiiai I.A., Eeoaeia A.I., Eeoaeia
TH.ss., Iiaiaeai?nueeiai A.Ae., Iae?y A.O., Niiea A.A., Oa??iia ?.Ae.,
Oea?aaaia N.?., oa ?i. Iaeiae ?yae i?iaeai i?aai?caoe?? oa iaoiaeeee
iae?eo ? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a a oiiaao ia?aoiaeo aei
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei oa i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a iae?eo ? aoaeeoo
iio?aaothoue iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue oa iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie. Cie?aia,
oea: aa?o?nia ae?aaeaiiy iniiaieo cania?a a oiiaao ?ioeyoe?eii?
aeiiii?ee, i?aaeeueia a?aeia?aaeaiiy ?o a iiaeaoeiaiio oa
aooaaeoa?nueeiio iae?eo, ?aoe?iiaeueia aaaeaiiy ia?aeiiiai iae?eo
ia’?eo?a iniiaieo cania?a a oiiaao aaoiiaoecaoe??, ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo ia i?aei?e?inoaao oiui. O aaaaoueio oai?aoe/ieo
eiioeaioe?yo noaio oa ?icaeoeo iae?eo ? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo
cania?a a?aenooiy ?aei?noue, aiie ? iaaeinoaoiuei iaa?oioiaaieie, a
aeaye? ? noia?a/eeaeie. Ci?ie iiaeaoeiaiai iaoai?cio aeiaeaee aei an???
iane iaae??oaieo i?iaeai iia?, ye? aei oeueiai /ano ia noaaeeeny ? ia
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny.

Oiio nueiaiaei? ia’?eoeaii aeieeioee oiiae aeey ia?aaeyaeo ?nioth/i?
i?aeoeee iae?eo ? noai?aiiy canaae iaoiaeeee aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo
iniiaieo cania?a. Any nenoaia aeine?aeaeaiue ii aeaieo ieoaiiyo iiaeiia
aooe ?icaeyiooa i?ae eooii ci?o aeiia ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. Cacia/aia aeua
? coiiaeei aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?eia
?iaioa aeeiiaia a?aeiia?aeii aei ieaio iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o
Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa ? iaeaaeeoue aei
aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie “?ic?iaea eiioeaioe?? i?aai?caoe?eieo oa
iaoiaee/ieo ieoaiue aoaeeoi?nueei? ae?yeueiino? a Oe?a?i?”.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ? aeyaeaiiy
ia?aaeoiia, oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy
i?aai?caoe?? ? iaoiaeeee aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a ia i?aei?e?inoaao
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino?.

Aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ia?aaeaa/eei iinoaiiaeo, oi?ioaaiiy ?
ae??oaiiy ianooiieo iaoeiaeo oa i?aeoe/ieo caaea/:

aeine?aeeoe aeiiii?/iee ci?no iniiaieo cania?a, ?o neeaae oa
eeaneo?eaoe?th ia i?aei?e?inoaao aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino?;

?ice?eoe i?iaeaie aa?o?niiai ae?aaeaiiy iniiaieo cania?a a oiiaao
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei oa aecia/eoe eiai aieea ia o?iainiai-iaeiiaee noai
i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?;

aecia/eoe ?ieue, caaaeaiiy ? aieiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo iae?eo oa
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo a nenoai? oi?aae?iiy iniiaieie caniaaie c iaoith
i?eaaaeaiiy ?o o a?aeiia?aei?noue aeiiaai ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei;

i?iaiae?coaaoe ae?th/o i?aai?caoe?th oa iaoiaeeeo aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a, aieea ia ieo ci?ie iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee oa
aeyaeoe oeyoe ?o aaeineiiaeaiiy;

aeine?aeeoe ae?th/o iaoiaeeeo ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe?? ? iae?eo ciino
iniiaieo cania?a, anoaiiaeoe ?? aoaeoeai?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue
canoinoaaiiy ia aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo i?aei?e?inoaao;

aecia/eoe oa iaa?oiooaaoe aieiai? i?eioeeie oa oaoiieia?th iiaoaeiae A?I
aooaaeoa?a ii iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a ia aeine?aeaeoaaieo
i?aei?e?inoaao;

aeyaeoe iniiai? iai?yiee i?aai?caoe?? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo
cania?a ia i?aei?e?inoaao aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino?;

?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/i? oa oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeaaeo?e i?iaaaeaiiy
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo caa?aaeaiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo cania?a ia
i?aei?e?inoaao aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Iaoeiaa iiaecia i?iaaaeaiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o aaeineiiaeaii? iiaoaeiae aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo oa ?ic?iaoe? i?aai?caoe?eieo ? iaoiaee/ieo i?ioeaaeo?
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue no/aniei
oiiaai ainiiaea?thaaiiy ? ?o canoinoaaiiy ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith
aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy.

Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue io?eiaii oae? iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe:

ocaaaeueiaii aecia/aiiy aeiiii?/ii? eaoaai??? “iniiai? caniae” oa
oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue aianaiiy ci?i aei ia?ae?eo
ia’?eo?a, ui ca?aoiaothoueny aei ?o neeaaeo ia aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo
i?aei?e?inoaao;

cai?iiiiiaaii ci?ie o ae?th/?e eeaneo?eaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a, aecia/aii
aeioe?euei?noue ?o a?oioaaiiy a?aeiinii iaoe canoinoaaiiy ia
i?aei?e?inoaao aaeoc?;

aecia/aii iniiai? iai?yiee ?icaeoeo iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a a oiiaao
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei oa iaa?oioiaaii iaiao?aei?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?o
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo ia aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aei?e?inoaao;

aianaii i?iiiceoe?? c aaeineiiaeaiiy nenoaie neioaoe/iiai ? aiae?oe/iiai
iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a a?aeiia?aeii aei ci?i iiaeaoeiaiai iaoai?cio oa
ni?iuaii aeieoiaioiia?a c ?o ?ooo;

iaa?oioiaaii iiaeeeaino? oaeineiiaeaiiy ae?th/i? iaoiaeeee ia?aooaaiiy
aii?oecaoe?? ? iae?eo ciino iniiaieo cania?a aeey aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo
i?aei?e?inoa;

ae??oaii i?aai?caoe?ei? oa iaoiaee/i? ieoaiiy canoinoaaiiy A?IA uiaei
iae?eo ? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a ia aeine?aeaeoaaieo
i?aei?e?inoaao;

aianaii i?iiiceoe?? uiaei i?aai?caoe?? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo
cania?a, ?ic?iaeai? eiai aoaie, i?eioeeie ? caaaeueia iiaeaeue;

?ic?iaeaii iaoiaee/i? oa oaoiieia?/i? i?eeiie i?iaaaeaiiy aioo??oiueiai
aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a, ye? iaeiiai?oa aeaaeooue iiaeeea?noue
eiio?iethaaoe caa?aaeaiiy oa aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy aeaiiai aeaeo
ainiiaea?nueeeo cania?a ia aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo i?aei?e?inoaao.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui ?aae?caoe?y aeniiae?a ?
i?iiiceoe?e aaoi?a ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? aooaaeoa?nueeiai
iae?eo ? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a. Canoinoaaiiy
?ic?iaeaieo a aeena?oaoe?? oai?aoe/ieo ? iaoiaee/ieo iieiaeaiue iiaea
ciaeoe iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie a iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaeao cacia/aieo i?iaeai.
?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? a
i?ioean? ?aoi?ioaaiiy nenoaie aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ? oi?ioaaiiy
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? oa ?ioeo aaeocae
aeiiii?ee Oe?a?ie.

?yae cai?iiiiiaaieo a aeena?oaoe?? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e oa i?iiiceoe?e uiaei
i?aai?caoe?? ? iaoiaeeee iae?eo ? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a
ooaaeai? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a i?aeoeeo ae?yeueiino? AAO “?ne?a”, AAO
“Iiaaa”, AAO “Aao?a”, aoaeeoi?nueeeo o??i “Oa? Aoaeeo” oa “Euea?a Aoaeeo
?iniaeo”.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy aeei?enoiaothoueny a
iaa/aeueii-iaoiaee/iiio i?ioean? Oa?iii?euenueei? aeaaeai?? ia?iaeiiai
ainiiaea?noaa.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeai? a aeiiia?aeyo ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo c i?iaeai iae?eo ? aoaeeoo a Oe?a?i?, cie?aia: ia
?anioae?eainuee?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “ Aoaeeoi?nueea
ae?yeuei?noue a oiiaao noaiiaeaiiy iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a
Oe?a?i?” (i. Euea?a, 1995 ?.); i?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e
eiioa?aioe?? “Iaoiaeieia?y aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a
oiiaao ?eieo” (i. Oa?iii?eue, 1997 ?.); iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe??
“Oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a oiiaao ?eieo” (i. Oa?iii?eue, 1997
?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy iioae?eiaaii 15 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue caaaeueiei ianyaii 9,9 ae?oeiaaieo a?eoo?a, c ieo aaoi?o
iaeaaeeoue 6,6 .

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio,
o?ueio ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ? aeiaeaoe?a.
Ianya ?iaioe — 218 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, a yeiio 5 oaaeeoeue
caeiathoue — 4 noi??iee, 13 ?enoie?a — 8 noi??iie, 21 aeiaeaoie — 27
noi??iie, nienie e?oa?aoo?e ioiieth? 182 iaeiaioaaiiy ia 14 noi??ieao.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE.

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, aecia/aii eiai
iaoo oa caaaeaiiy, aeeeaaeaii iaoeiao iiaecio ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy
iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “Oai?aoe/i? oa oaoiieia?/i? ia?aaeoiiae iae?eo ?
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii?
i?iieneiaino?” aeine?aeaeaii aeiiii?/iee ci?no, neeaae oa eeaneo?eaoe?th
iniiaieo cania?a i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc?, i?iaeaie ?o aa?o?niiai ae?aaeaiiy
a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei oa eiai aieea ia o?iainiai-iaeiiaee noai
i?aei?e?inoa, iaa?oioiaaia aeioe?euei?noue cae?eniaiiy ?aoi?ioaaiiy
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo
cania?a ia i?aei?e?inoaao aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino?.

Iaiao?aei?noue ei??iiiai iie?ioaiiy aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo cania?a
i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc? aeiaaa? oaeineiiaeaiiy iaoai?cio oi?aae?iiy ieie.
Inoaii? iaiao?aeii ?icaeyaeaoe ye noeoii?noue niinia?a ? iaoiae?a aieeao
ia iniiai? caniae c iaoith aeinyaiaiiy ?o ?aoe?iiaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy,
caaacia/aiiy caa?aaeaiiy, i?enei?aiiy iiiaeaiiy ? iino?eiiai eiio?ieth
ca aoaeoeai?noth aeei?enoaiiy.

Aeey i?eeiyooy i?aaeeueieo ??oaiue ii oi?aae?iith iniiaieie caniaaie
iaiao?aeia nai?/ania, aeinoaoiy ? aeinoia??ia ?ioi?iaoe?y. ??
a?aenooi?noue iiaea i?ecaanoe aei oi?ioaaiiy aeaieo, ui a niioai?aiiio
aeaeyae? a?aeia?aaeathoue o?iainiai-iaeiiaee noai i?aei?e?inoaa. Naia
iae?eiaa ?ioi?iaoe?y aeicaieeoue noi?ioethaaoe caaaeueio eiioeaioe?th
aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy iniiaieie caniaaie. Uia aooe ia’?eoeaiith, aiia
iiaeiia aacoaaoeny ia ?aeeieo oai?aoe/ieo iniiaao iae?eo ? ia
oneeaaeithaaoenue a?aenooi?noth /?oeeo aecia/aiue eiai ia’?eo?a. A?ae
oi?ioaaiiy ?aeeiiai ?ioi?iaoe?eiiai i?inoi?o aoaea caeaaeaoe
iaeneiaeueia aaeaioaoe?y iae?eiai? i?aeoeee aei i?aeia?iaeieo
noaiaea?o?a.

Aeiiae oi?aae?iiy oa aea/aiiy neeaaeo iniiaieo cania?a aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo
i?aei?e?inoa i?eaaee ian aei aeniiaeo, ui ae?th/a nenoaia aeeth/aiiy
ia’?eo?a aei ?o neeaaeo iio?aao? ci?i. Oae, a aeaiee /an a
aeaeo?ioaoi?/iiio ae?iaieoeoa? ca?eueoeeinue aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo
cania?a c aaeeeeie iiooaeiinoyie ? aenieith aa?o?noth. A ca’yceo c oeei
iineaaeth?oueny aa?o?nia cia/aiiy aeaoaaeo ? a?eueo i?inoeo ia’?eo?a.
Oiio aeai? ia’?eoe aoei a aeioe?euei?oa a?aeianoe aei neeaaeo iai?ioieo
cania?a. Oea noai?eoue oiiae aeey oiai, uia a neeaae? iniiaieo cania?a
caeeoeeenue ia’?eoe, ye? aecia/athoue iaoa??aeueii-oaoi?/io aaco
ainiiaea?noaa, aeicaieeoue ?icoe?eoe iiaeeeaino? i?aei?e?inoa o
i?eaeaaii? iaaei?iaeo ia’?eo?a oa ?o oaeaeeiio iiiaeaii?. A ?acoeueoao?
oeueiai cia/ii ciaioeoueny ianya iae?eiai? ?ioi?iaoe??, i?aeaeueoueny ??
ye?noue, ui aeicaieeoue iiaeeaeoe aioo??oi?e aoaeeo.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?th/eo eeaneo?eaoe?eieo iciae iniiaieo cania?a aeiaaee,
ui aiie ia a iiai?e i??? a?aeiia?aeathoue aeiiaai no/aniiai
aeaeo?ioaoi?/iiai ae?iaieoeoaa. Aaaaeaia caeiiiaeaanoaii a?oioaaiiy
ia’?eo?a ia o?e a?oie ia i?aeoeoe? eeoa aea? iiaeeea?noue
ocaaaeueithaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th c iaoith iiiaeaoeoaaiiy ? oiio iaaeinoaoi?
aeey aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue iae?eo ? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo. Oea
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? iaiao?aei?noue noai?aiiy oaei? eeaneo?eaoe??, ui a?aoiao?
eiino?oeoeai? oaoiieia?/i? iniaeeaino? iniiaieo cania?a, ??aaiue
niaoe?ae?caoe?? oa aaoiiaoecaoe??, a oaeiae aieea ia i?aaeiao i?aoe?,
i?eioeeie ae?? oiui. A aeaeo?ioaoi?/iiio ae?iaieoeoa? aaaaea?ii
aeioe?eueiei ?icaeiooe oaeo eeaneo?eaoe?eio iciaeo iniiaieo cania?a, ye
iaoa ?o canoinoaaiiy. Iniiai? caniae ca?oiiaai? a ?iaio? ca?aeii c
oe??th iciaeith ia oae? a?oie: iniiai? caniae, ye? aa?ooue o/anoue a
i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iaeoeoe??; iniiai? caniae, ye?
caaacia/othoue ii?iaeueiee o?ae i?ioeano ae?iaieoeoaa; iniiai? caniae,
iia’ycai? c ae??oaiiyi oi?aae?inueeeo caaaeaiue; iniiai? caniae
aeieia?/iiai i?ecia/aiiy.

Aeaoaeueia aea/aiiy neeaaeo iniiaieo cania?a aeine?aeaeoaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa aeicaieeei iai i?iaanoe ?o a?oioaaiiy ca
iaoo?aeueii-?a/iaeie iciaeaie c a?aeianaiiyi o a?aeiia?aei?
cai?iiiiiaai? a?oie. Oaea eeaneo?eaoe?y aeicaieeoue a?aoiaoaaoe ?o
ooieoe?iiaeueia i?ecia/aiiy a i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe??, caaacia/eoue
oi?aae?iiy iaiao?aeiith ?ioi?iaoe??th, aeanoue iiaeeea?noue ca
aeiiiiiaith aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo aeyaeyoe ?aca?ae iie?ioaiiy
aeei?enoaiiy ia’?eo?a o iiaeo oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy.

Aaaeeeaith i?iaeaiith i?e ia?aoiae? aei ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ? ieoaiiy
aa?o?niiai ae?aaeaiiy iniiaieo cania?a. I?iaaaeaiee iaie aiae?c eiai
oi?ioaaiiy aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iaea?eueo
iaa?oioiaaiith aacith ioe?iee aeaieo ia’?eo?a ? oaeoe/ia aa?o?noue ?o
ii?eaooeoaaiiy, a yeo aoiaeyoue aa?o?noue i?eaeaaiiy, o?ainii?oi?
aeo?aoe, aa?o?noue anoaiiaeaiiy ? i?eaaaeaiiy ia’?eo?a a
aenieoaoaoe?eiee noai ca i?ionii iiaeaoeo ia aeiaeaio aa?o?noue.

C iaoith io?eiaiiy aeinoia??ieo aeaieo i?i aa?o?noue iniiaieo cania?a ia
eiie?aoiee ia??iae /ano ne?ae a?aoiaoaaoe oae? iieacieee: ??/io noio
aii?oecaoe?? ia’?eo?a, iiaiee no?ie ?o aenieoaoaoe??, ?iaeaen ci?i ?o
niiaeea/eo yeinoae oa ?iaeaen ?ioeyoe??. Ia a?aei?io a?ae ?iaeaeno
?ioeyoe??, yeee ca?eueoo? iioi/io aa?o?noue iniiaieo cania?a, ?iaeaen
niiaeea/eo yeinoae caieaeo? ?o ioe?ieo. Oiio ia’?eoeaii aeieeea iio?aaa
aecia/aoe aieea ?ioeyoe?eieo ci?i a aeiiii?oe? ia ioe?ieo iniiaieo
cania?a ? i???iooaaoe ?? ia ?eieia? oe?ie.

Iaiao?aeii ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe aii?oecaoe?eio neeaaeiao a no?oeoo??
?eieiai? oe?ie ? a?aeiia?aeii caaacia/eoe (i?e ?ioeo ??aieo oiiaao)
aea?aaeaioi?noue iai?io i?ae noa’?eoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy. Ioe?iea
iniiaieo cania?a aaciina?aaeiuei /a?ac aii?oecaoe?th aieeaa? ia cao?aoe
ae?iaieoeoaa, aaeia? aeo?aoe, a a?aeiia?aeii ? ia oe?io i?iaeaaeo
oiaa?o. ?eieiaa oe?ia oiaa?o oi?io?oueny ia aac? cao?ao ae?iaieoeoaa
oiaa?iae?iaiee?a, ui aeioneathoue iniiaio iano i?iaeoeoe?? aeaiiai
aeaeo. Aeoiaey/e c oeueiai, ??aaiue ioe?iee iniiaieo cania?a oeeo
noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy aoaea aecia/aoe ?eieiao oe?io oiaa?o.

C ?icaeoeii ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei ci?iththoueny aeiiae, i?aae’yaeai? aei
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a,
?icoe?ththoueny iinoaaeai? ia?aae ieie caaaeaiiy. I?aai?caoe?y iae?eo
iiaeiia aooe ni?yiiaaia ia aioo??oiueiainiiaea?nueeee ??aaiue c iaoith
eiio?ieth aoaeoeaiino? ? ?aoe?iiaeueiino? aenieoaoaoe?? ia’?eo?a.
Iane?aeeii oeueiai noaia ia?niiaeueia a?aeiia?aeaeuei?noue ea??aiee?a
i?ae?icae?e?a ca aeei?enoaiiy ie?aieo ia’?eo?a iniiaieo cania?a. Ne?ae a
iae?eo a?aeia?aaeaoe on? iioi/i? ci?ie o neeaae? oa no?oeoo?? iniiaieo
cania?a, oiio aeioe?eueii aaanoe a iae?eiao nenoaio iiia?aaeiuei
aiae?oe/ii ii?aoeueiaai? ye?ni? iieacieee ?o aeei?enoaiiy ia
i?aei?e?inoaao.

Iaeiei ?c cania?a aeinyaiaiiy aeuaaeacaiiai ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo. I/aaeaeiei ? oa, ui c aeieeiaiiyi i?aei?e?inoa
??cieo oi?i aeaniino?, iiyaith iiaeaoeiaiai iae?eo, o??ciiiai?oiaiiyi
aeae?a ae?yeueiino? aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo i?aei?e?inoa ? oneeaaeiaiiyi ?o
i?aai?caoe?eii? no?oeoo?e, naia aioo??oi?e aoaeeo aeiiiiiaea caoenoeoe
?ioa?ane ye aea?aeaae uiaei ?iciiae?eo noni?eueiiai i?iaeoeoo, oae ?
aeanieea uiaei caa?aaeaiiy eiai aeaniino?. Aeioe?euei?noue eiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoaao aaeoc? iiynith?oueny oei, ui eiai
iane?aeee a e?ioeaaiio ?acoeueoao? iineoeiooue iiia?aaeaeoaaeueiee
oa?aeoa? uiaei anoaiiaeaiiy iaiaa?oioiaaieo oa iacaeiiieo ae?e, iaa??ieo
? iaaoaeoeaieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue.

Ia’?eoaie aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a ? noai ?o
aooaaeoa?nueeiai ? iiaeaoeiaiai iae?eo, aioo??ainiiaea?nueeee eiio?ieue,
aiae?c, a oaeiae i?aai?caoe?y, iioeaaoe?y ? ieaioaaiiy caaacia/aiino? oa
aeei?enoaiiy ia’?eo?a ia i?aei?e?inoa?. Oiio a ?iaio? iaie aecia/aii
ci?no, caaaeaiiy ? ooieoe?? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a, a
oaeiae aeine?aeaeaii oi?ie i?iyao eiai aca?iica’yceo c aooaaeoa?nueeei
iae?eii aeaieo ia’?eo?a (?en. 1.).

?enoiie 1. Aca?iica’ycie i?ae aooaaeoa?nueeei iae?eii oa

aioo??oi?i aoaeeoii iniiaieo cania?a.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e “Iae?e iniiaieo cania?a ia i?aei?e?inoaao
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino?: i?iaeaie i?aai?caoe?? oa iaoiaeeee”
i?enay/aiee aiae?co ae?th/i? nenoaie aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo iniiaieo
cania?a oa aieeao ia ia? ci?i iiaeaoeiaiai iaoai?cio a e?a?i?. I?iaeaie,
ui aeieeioee a i?aai?caoe?? oa iaoiaeeoe? iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a o
ca’yceo ?c ci?iaie a iiiaeaoeoaaii? aeiaaathoue eiiieaeniiai ia?aaeyaeo
? ooi/iaiiy Iieiaeaiiy i?i aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e iniiaieo cania?a
i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? (ae?th/iai c 1976 ?ieo).

A ca’yceo c iaaeineiiae?noth /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa, neioaoe/iiai ?
aiae?oe/iiai iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a, ia aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aei?e?inoaao
a?aenooi? iaeiicia/ia a?aeia?aaeaiiy iaeiaeiaeo ainiiaea?nueeeo
iia?aoe?e ii ?o ?ooo ia ?aooieao iae?eo. Oiio ia i?aeoeoe? aeieeathoue
eiioe?eoi? neooaoe?? i?ae ainiiaea?thth/eie noa’?eoaie ? eiio?iethth/eie
aea?aeaaieie i?aaiaie. I?iaaaeaiee iaie aiae?c /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa ?
aeiia iiaiai iiaeaoeiaiai iaoai?cio aeicaieea neeanoe ?aeeio noaio
ei?aniiiaeaioe?? ?aooie?a c ?ooo iniiaieo cania?a, yea ai?iaiaaia ia
i?aei?e?inoaao, ui aeine?aeaeoaaeeny.

Uia iiaeieaoe an? iaoi/iino? o a?aeia?aaeaii? iniiaieo cania?a ia
?aooieao ? noa?aooieao iae?eo ia aeinoaoiuei eeoa ci?ithaaoe ? iino?eii
aeiiiaithaaoe ii?iaoeai? aeieoiaioe. E??i oiai ieai ?aooie?a
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo iio??aii i?eaanoe o a?aeiia?aei?noue c
iiaeaoeiaith iie?oeeith ? iiaeie oiiaaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy. C oe??th
iaoith a ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny:

oe?oiieoe iiiyooy ?iaaioa?iiai ia’?eoo ia i?aei?e?inoaao
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino? ? anoaiiaeoe aea? iae?eia? iaeeieoe? —
?iaaioa?iee ia’?eo ? eiiieaen iniiaieo cania?a, ui nei?ioeoue
iiiaieeaoo?o ? e?euee?noue ?iaaioa?ieo ia’?eo?a;

?icoe?oiieoe ?aooiie 01 “ Iniiai? caniae” ia noeoii?noue noa?aooie?a ?
??aiy:

· ia?ooiia iaeii ;

· oaoiieia?/ia onoaoeoaaiiy, yea aa?a o/anoue a i?ioean? ae?iaieoeoaa ;

· ia’?eoe, ye? caaacia/othoue o?ae ae?iaie/iai i?ioeano;

· iniiai? caniae, iia’ycai? c ae??oaiiyi oi?aae?inueeeo caaea/;

· oei/aniai iaae?th/? iniiai? caniae;

noai?eoe nenoaio noa?aooie?a ?? ??aiy aeey io?eiaiiy i?aei?e?inoaii
iaiao?aeii? aeaoaeueii? ?ioi?iaoe?? i?i ?oo ia’?eo?a iae?eo;

ai?iaaaeeoe noa?aooiie ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo aeey iae?eo oe?iiinoae,
aei?iaioe?iieo iaoae?a ? eaiai?a, aioeeaa??aoo oa oai??a ienoaoeoaa, ye?
ca an?ia iciaeaie iaeaaeaoue aei neeaaeo iniiaieo cania?a. Oea aeanoue
ciiao i?aai?coaaoe ?o iae?e oa eiio?ieue, i?aeaeueoe ?ioi?iaoeai?noue
iae?eiaeo aeaieo;

aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio iniiaieo cania?a ne?ae iae?eiaoaaoe ca i?noeyie
i?iaaaeaiiy ? ca ie?aieie ia’?eoaie, ? ye ?ai?oa nienoaaoe ?o ia ?aooiee
ae?iaie/eo aeo?ao c ianooiiei aeeth/aiiyi o nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe?? oa
aaeia? aeo?aoe, a ia nienoaaoe ia ca?eueoaiiy aa?oino? aeaieo ia’?eo?a,
ui ia ni?ey? nai?/ani?e ?o cai?i? a iane?aeie ii?aeueiiai ciino.
Nai?/ania cai?ia iniiaieo cania?a ? aeoaea aaaeeeaith a oiiaao ?eieo.
Oaeee ii?yaeie ni?eyoeia nei?i/aiith ianyao ?ia?o c iae?eo iniiaieo
cania?a, aeeth/aiith aeaieo cao?ao o aeo?aoe ae?iaieoeoaa o oeo ca?oieo
ia??iaeao, eiee aiie cae?eniai?;

c iaoith a?eueo oi/iiai aaaeaiiy neioaoe/iiai ? aiae?oe/iiai iae?eo
i?aiaeiaaieo iniiaieo cania?a i?iiiio?oueny aeaoae?coaaoe ?aooiie “Iaeii
a i?aiae?” noa?aooieaie :

· iaea?aeai? o o?iainiao i?aiaeo iniiai? caniae;

· ia?aaeai? o o?iainiao i?aiaeo iniiai? caniae;

· iaea?aeai? a iia?aoeaio i?aiaeo iniiai? caniae;

· ia?aaeai? a iia?aoeaio i?aiaeo iniiai? caniae.

Ia?aaeyaeo ? ooi/iaiiy aeiaaa? nueiaiaei? ieoaiiy ia?aeiiiai iae?eo
iniiaieo cania?a. Ae?th/? oeiia? oi?ie ia?aeiii? aeieoiaioaoe?? ii ?o
?ooo ia aei?aaaeiaothoue naaa, aaaaoi a?ao iei? ao?aoeee na?e ci?no ? ia
i?aei?e?inoaao aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino? ia aeei?enoiaothoueny.
Aeey ae??oaiiy oeueiai ieoaiiy a ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii noaio nei?i/aiiai
aeieoiaioiia?ao iniiaieo cania?a. C on?o oi?i, ui aeei?enoiaothoueny
nueiaiaei?, i?iiiio?oueny caeeoeoe oi?ie ? IC-4, IC-8 oa IC -14, a ?io?
n?i cai?ieoe aeey aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiea i?aei?e?inoa aeaiia “?iaaioa?ia
ea?oa — aeo iae?eo ?ooo iniiaieo cania?a” oa “?iaaioa?ecaoe?eiee aeo —
nienie iniiaieo cania?a”. A aeai? aeieoiaioe iaiao?aeii aaanoe ?yaeee
“Iaoiae ? aeaoa ia?aioe?iee”, “Aa?o?noue ia’?eoa i?ney ia?aioe?iee”,
“Iaeaaeiaiiy, yea i?eaeaaia i?aei?e?inoaii aeey ?aca?ao aei aaaaeaiiy a
aenieoaoaoe?th”. A?aenooi?noue oaei? ?ioi?iaoe?? a ia?aeiieo aeieoiaioao
i?ecaiaeeoue ia i?aeoeoe? aei o?oaeiiu?a i?e ?ic?aooieo aii?oecaoe??.
Oae? ci?ie a ia?aeiiiio iae?eo ciecyoue o?oaeii?noe?noue iae?eiaeo ?ia?o
? aaeineiiaeyoue aeieoiaioiia?a, iineeyoue eiio?ieue ca ?aooiie
i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy ?ioi?iaoeaiino? ? iai/iino? aeieoiaio?a.

Iciaeiieaiiy ?c ia?ae?eii ?ia?o ? ii?yaeeii aaaeaiiy ia?aeiii?
aeieoiaioaoe?? c ?ooo iniiaieo cania?a a i?aei?e?inoaao aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii?
i?iieneiaino? aeicaieeei iai aeine?aeeoe ?ioi?iaoe?eiee aca?iica’ycie
aeaieo aeieoiaio?a ? ?ic?iaeoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?o?ooe ?o i?ioiaeaeaiiy
ii i?ae?icae?eao, ui aa?ooue o/anoue a ioi?ieaii? a?aeiia?aeieo
ainiiaea?nueeeo iia?aoe?e ? ia?iaoe? aeieoiaio?a. A ?acoeueoao?
ai?iaaoe?? oaeeo iiaiaaaaeaiue o AAO “Iiaaa” oa “?ne?a” i?aeaeueany
??aaiue ?ioi?iaoeaiino? ? iia?aoeaiino? iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a.

Ia ciaeoia iaeiicia/iiai canoinoaaiiy ia i?aeoeoe? ? iaoai?ci
?aae?caoe?? ci?i a ia?aooaaii? aii?oecaoe?? iniiaieo cania?a ca?aeii
iiaiai iiaeaoeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa. Iia? ii?ie aii?oecaoe?? neaai
iaa?oioiaai? aeiiii?/ii oa i?aeoe/ii. I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ia
i?aei?e?inoaao aaeoc? na?ae/aoue, ui aii?oecaoe?th iaiao?aeii
ia?aoiaoaaoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueii, c oei uia iae?e iaaeaaaa eiie?aoio
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ?aaeueio caeeoeiao aa?o?noue ia noeoiiino? iniiaieo
cania?a (a?oi), a eiaeii? ?? iaeeieoe?. A ?iaio? cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a
iiia’?eoiiai iae?eo ciino iniiaieo cania?a. Ia?aooaaiiy iiia’?eoii?
aii?oecaoe?? i?iiiio?ii i?iaiaeeoe a ie?aiiio ?a?no??, iai?eeeaae a
ie?ai?e a?ao? cai?iiiiiaaii? “?iaaioa?ii? ea?oe-aeoo ?ooo iniiaieo
cania?a”, aeoiaey/e ?c caeeoeiai? aa?oino? ? ca ii?iaie. I?e
aaoiiaoecaoe?? iae?eiaiai i?ioeano oeae iaoiae ia aoaea neeaaeiei ?
caaacia/eoue /?oea i?inoaaeoaaiiy i?ioeano aii?oecaoe?? ca eiaeiei
ia’?eoii cie?aia. C oe??th iaoith, aiae?oe/iee iae?e ciino iiaeiai
aanoenue ca ae?iaie/eie i?ae?icae?eaie ? a?oiaie ca?aeii cai?iiiiiaaii?
aeua nenoaie noa?aooie?a. Oea aeicaieeoue io?eiaoe ia’?eoeaio iae?eiao
?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ni?aoethaaiiy an?o iniiaieo cania?a ia i?aei?e?inoa?
aeey i?eeiyooy a??ieo oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue ? ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a
ae?yeueiino? ie?aieo eiai i?ae?icae?e?a.

Iaoiaee/ii iaa??iei ? a?aeianaiiy ao?ao a?ae e?ea?aeaoe?? iniiaieo
cania?a, ye? aenooiathoue ye iaaeiaii?oeciaaia aa?o?noue, ia
nia?aa?o?noue i?iaeoeoe??, aeaioiaeaii? a ia??iae ?o e?ea?aeaoe??. Oeei
aiia iaiaa?oioiaaii caaeuo?oueny. Ao?aoe a?ae iaaeiaii?oecaoe??, i?e ?o
a?aeianaii? ia nia?aa?o?noue, ne?ae ?iciiae?eyoe ia i?iaeoeoe?th, ui
aeaioiaeaia ca aanue no?ie aenieoaoaoe?? e?ea?aeiaaieo iniiaieo cania?a.
Aeey iie?eooy iaaeiaii?oeciaaii? /anoeie ia’?eo?a a ?acoeueoao? ?o
ciino, ne?ae i?iaiaeeoe ia?aooaaiiy a noai?aiee aeey oeueiai ?aca?a.
C?a?aia a iueiio noia ??aieie /anoeiaie aoaea a?aeiineoeny ia
iiainoai?aiee i?iaeoeo.

I?iaaaeaiee a ?iaio? aiae?c iiceoeaieo ? iaaaoeaieo aniaeo?a
canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieie i?aei?e?inoaaie ??cieo iaoiae?a
ia?aooaaiiy aii?oecaoe??, a oaeiae ?o a?ao?/ia ii??aiyiiy, i?aeoaa?aeeee
aoaeoeai?noue aaaeaiiy i?enei?aieo iaoiae?a ia?aooaaiiy. ?o
aeioe?euei?noue iieyaa? a oiio, ui a?eueo?noue ia’?eo?a iniiaieo cania?a
iathoue aeu? oaoiieia?/i? iiaeeeaino? a ia?o? ?iee aenieoaoaoe??, a
aeo?aoe ia ?aiiio cia/i?o? a e?ioe? oa?i?io neoaeae. Oaeei /eiii,
caaaeueia noia aii?oecaoe?eieo a?ae?aooaaiue ? aeo?ao ia ?aiiio ?
iino?eiith. Ei?eni?noue ia’?eo?a caeeoa?oueny iaeiaeiaith i?ioyaii
anueiai ia??iaeo aenieoaoaoe??.

A oiiaao ia?ai???ioaoe?? aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ia ?eieiao iiaeaeue
iaiao?aeii iaaeaoe i?aei?e?inoaai iiaeeea?noue naiino?eii oi?ioaaoe
aii?oecaoe?eio iie?oeeo, iae?aoe iaea?eueo aoaeoeai? iaoiaee ia?aooaaiiy
aii?oecaoe??, niiniae anoaiiaeaiiy ?? ii?i oa ii?iaoeaiiai no?ieo
neoaeae iniiaieo cania?a. I?e ?ic?aooieao no?ieo aenieoaoaoe?? ne?ae
a?aooaaoe ianooiio ?ioi?iaoe?th: iaa?iiaaeaeaiee aeina?ae ?iaioe c
iiae?aieie ia’?eoaie, ?o no/aniee noai, ye?noue oaoi?/iiai
ianeoaiaoaaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoa?, ieoaiiy ?aiiio?a ? aeiaeyaeo ca
iaeaaeiaiiyi, no/ani? oaiaeaioe?? a aaeoc? oaoiieia?? oa i?noeaa?
i?e?iaeii-ee?iaoe/i? oiiae caa??aaiiy iniiaieo cania?a. Aeaiee aea??
iiaeiai cae?enithaaoenue ia iniia? caaaeueieo i?aeoiae?a aei aeiia ?
i?eioeei?a i?aai?caoe?? iae?eiai? iie?oeee.

Aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy iniiaieie caniaaie i?aei?e?inoa aaeoc? iiaeia
aeinyaoe eeoa ca oiiae oeaio?ae?ciaaii? ia?iaee aeaieo a
ia/enethaaeueiiio oeaio?? oa i?aai?caoe?? A?I ia i?noeyo aeieeiaiiy
ia?aeiii? iae?eiai? ?ioi?iaoe??. I?e oeueiio A?IA iiaeiii aca?iiae?yoe c
A?I ?ia?oiee?a ?ioeo eaiie oi?aae?iiy: a?aeae?eo aieiaiiai aeiiii?noa,
iaoai?ea, ?iaeaia?a, oaoiieiaa, a?aeae?eo eai?oaeueiiai aoae?aieoeoaa
oiui.

A ?iaio? ?ic?iaeaii oa cai?iiiiiaaii aeie-noaio A?IA c iae?eo iniiaieo
cania?a, eiioeaiooaeueio iiaeaeue aaaaoi??aiaai? nenoaie aaoiiaoeciaaii?
ia?iaee aeaieo iae?eo a oiiaao ?iciiae?eaii? ia?iaee ?ioi?iaoe??,
noi?ioeueiaai? oaoiieia?/i? caaaeaiiy aeey eiaeiiai A?I, ?ic?iaeaii
no?oeoo?o aace aeaieo uiaei iae?eo aeaieo ia’?eo?a, aace aeaieo iae?eo
i?inoi?a iaeaaeiaiiy, eiai i?e/ei oa aeioaaooe?a, iiaeaii i?iiiceoe?? ii
?aea?ceoiiio neeaaeo oaee?a, ye? ciaeoee nai? aeei?enoaiiy i?e
aaoiiaoecaoe?? iae?eiai? ae?yeueiino? o AAO “Iiaaa”. Iiaa ?ioi?iaoe?eia
oaoiieia?y aeicaieeoue ae??oeoe aeeneon?eia ieoaiiy uiaei aeeth/aiiy a
noa?o aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo a?aeiiinoae i?i aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
iniiaieo cania?a.

O?ao?e ?icae?e “I?aeoe/i? aniaeoe ?icaeoeo iaoiaeeee aioo??oiueiai
aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a” i?enay/aiee ?ic?iaoe? i?aai?caoe?eieo oa
iaoiaee/ieo i?iiiceoe?e c eiai oi?ioaaiiy oa i?aeoe/iiai ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Aioo??oi?e aoaeeo — oea naiino?eia noa?a i?ioan?eii-i?aeoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino?, a iniia? yei? caeeaaeai? ciaiiy ??cieo iaoe. Aeia??a
aoaeeoo aei oano?a ? i?eeeaae?a a?oioo?oueny ia caa?oaii? aei oai???
eiia??iino? ? iaoaiaoeee, aeinoia??i?noue aeniiae?a — ia ciaii?
i?eioeei?a iae?eo, eiioi?eaoe??, aoe/ieo ? th?eaee/ieo ii?i. Ia
i?aenoaa? oeueiai iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui a?i ia? naith aeanio no?oeoo?o
oe?eae oa iaoiae?a ? ? no?oeoo?iei oi?ioaaiiyi, yea a?oioo?oueny ia
iaea?eueo ooiaeaiaioaeuei?, aano?aeoi? iaoee.

?icaeoie aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a i?iiiio?oueny
?icaeyaeaoe ?c eiioeaiooaeueii? oa i?aeoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o.
Eiioeaiooaeuei? aniaeoe ia?aaeaa/athoue anoaiiaeaiiy i?aai?caoe?eieo
iniia oa no/anieo oaiaeaioe?e ?icaeoeo aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo ia’?eo?a,
aecia/aiiy iniiaieo eiai noaae?e oa aoai?a, iaoiae?a ? i?eeii?a
i?iaaaeaiiy.

Aea/aiiy ae?th/i? i?aeoeee, niaoe?aeueii? ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e,
i?aeia?iaeieo ii?iaoea?a aoaeeoo, a oaeiae i?aeoe/iiai aeina?aeo
aeine?aeaeoaaieo i?aei?e?inoa aeicaieeei aeae?eeoe ianooii? iniiai?
eaoaai??? iaoiae?a ? i?eeii?a aeey aaaeaiiy aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo
iniiaieo cania?a: ?iniaeoe?y, niinoa?aaeaiiy, iieooaaiiy ?
i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy, i?ae?aooiee ? aiae?oe/iee iaeyae. Ia iniia? ?o
aeine?aeaeaiiy iaie neeaaeaii ? cai?iiiiiaaii ieai ? i?ia?aio
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a ia i?aei?e?inoa?, nei?i/aiee
?iai/ee aeieoiaio aoaeeoi?a ii ia?aa??oe? ia’?eo?a, ui ciaeoee nai?
aeei?enoaiiy a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino? aoaeeoi?nueei? o??ie “Oa?
Aoaeeo”. Aanue i?ioean aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi cai?iiiiiaaieo aoai?a, eiioeaioe?e, iaoiaee/ieo i?eeii?a
ocaaaeueiaiee a ?iaio? o aeaeyae? oeiiai? iiaeae? eiai noaiaea?oo, yea
iiaea aooe acyoa ca iniiao i?e oi?ioaaii? nenoaie aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo
ia i?aei?e?inoaao aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? oa ?ioeo aaeocae i?iieneiaino?.

I?aeoe/ia ?aae?caoe?y ieoaiue ?icaeoeo aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo
cania?a iaiiaeeeaa aac a?aooaaiiy eiai oaoiieia?/ieo aniaeo?a a no/anieo
oiiaao ainiiaea?thaaiiy. C oe??th iaoith, a?aeiia?aeii aei ?icaeyiooeo
i?aai?caoe?eieo iiiaio?a aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee oa aea/aieo i?iaeai
eiio?ieueii? ae?yeueiino? ia aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo i?aei?e?inoaao,
cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaee/i? oa oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeaaeo?e i?iaaaeaiiy
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo noaio oa aeei?enoaiiy aeaieo ia’?eo?a.

Niaoeeo?/ieie i?iaeaiaie, ui noinothoueny ?icaeoeo aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo
iniiaieo cania?a ? oae?: a?i ia iiaeiai noaoe iiaei aeaeii aea?aeaaiiai
eiio?ieth ? iiaeaoeiai? ?iniaeoe??; a?i ia? aeeiioaaoe nai? iniiai?
ooieoe?? ii caoenoo ?ioa?an?a ?iaanoi??a ia o?iainiaeo ?eieao.
Iaeaeooaeuei?oeie ieoaiiyie ? caaacia/aiiy i?ioan?eii? iacaeaaeiino?
aoaeeoi??a ? i?ioan?eiiai ??aiy ?o eaae?o?eaoe??.

Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaie aecia/aii iaea?eueo aaaeeea?
ae?eyiee aoaeeoi?nueei? ia?aa??ee iniiaieo cania?a, ii yeeo iae/ano?oa
o?aieythoueny iiieeee o aaaeaii? aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo, aeacaii yeeie
iaoiaee/ieie i?eeiiaie ?o ne?ae aeyaeyoe, a oaeiae iiaeaii i?iiiceoe??
aeey ?o caiia?aaiiy.

Aeei?enoaiiy aeina?aeo e?a?i c ?icaeiooith ?eieiaith aeiiii?eith
aeicaieeei cai?iiiioaaoe iaoiaeeeo aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iiiaeaiiy
iniiaieo cania?a. I?iaaaeaia ca?aeii ia? ia?aa??ea o AAO “?ne?a”
aeiaaea, ui a aeaiiio i?aei?e?inoa? iiiaeaiiy iaeaaeiaiiy ? aeioe?eueiei
? ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo cania?a.

A i?ioean? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo caaacia/aiino? i?aei?e?inoa iniiaieie
caniaaie oa aoaeoeaiino? ?o aeei?enoaiiy ne?ae canoiniaoaaoe iaoiaee
aeiiii?/iiai aiae?co. Ca ?o aeiiiiiaith ioe?iththoue noai iniiaieo
cania?a ia i?aei?e?inoa?, aecia/athoue /eiieee, ui ni?eythoue
i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy ieie. A ?iaio? aeei?enoaii nenoaio
iieaciee?a, eio?? aeathoue iaea?eueo ?icai?iooo oa?aeoa?enoeeo
aeei?enoaiiy iniiaieo cania?a aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieie i?aei?e?inoaaie.

Aeeeaaeai? a ?iaio? iaoiaee/i? oa oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeaaeo?e i?iaaaeaiiy
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a aeaaeooue ciiao ?aaeueii ioe?ieoe
iaiao?aei?noue ?o oo?eiaiiy oa aoaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy ia eiaeiiio
i?aei?e?inoa?, noaiooue caii?oeith ?aeiino? iae?eiai? oa eiio?ieueii?
?iaioe, ni?eyoeiooue i?aeaeuaiith iia?aoeaiino? ? ae??aino? aaeeoeo
caoiae?a oa oi?aae?inueeeo ??oaiue. Aeeeaaeaiee ii?yaeie i?iaaaeaiiy
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee i?e
noai?aii? aeaiiai aeaeo eiio?ieth an?ia noa’?eoaie ainiiaea?thaaiiy
iacaeaaeii a?ae oi?ie aeaniino? ? oa?aeoa?o ae?yeueiino?.

?aae?caoe?y aeeeaaeaieo iaie i?iiiceoe?e, eio??, iiaeeeai ? ia
i?aoaiaeothoue ia iiaio iaoeiao aeeeth/i?noue, a i?aeoe/i?e ae?yeueiino?
i?aei?e?inoa cia/ii i?aeaeueoue ??aaiue ?icaeoeo aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo
? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a. Oea ni?eyoeia ?inoo
aoaeoeaiino? i?ioeano oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaii a oe?eiio.

AENIIAEE.

Aea/aiiy ae?th/i? i?aeoeee oa i?iaaaeai? a ?iaio? aeine?aeaeaiiy
aeicaieythoue c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i oa, ui aeey ?aae?caoe??
i?aai?caoe?eieo oa iaoiaee/ieo i?aeoiae?a aei iiaoaeiae aoaeoeaiiai
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo ? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a
i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? oa ?ioeo aaeocae i?iieneiaino?, a oaeiae
?o iaaeeaeaiiy aei i?aeia?iaeieo noaiaea?o?a iae?eo oa aoaeeoo
iaiao?aeii:

ni?yioaaoe i???ioaoe?th ?icaeoeo aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo oa
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a ia caaeiaieaiiy ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
iio?aa oi?aae?iiy i?aei?e?inoaaie, a ia aeey caaacia/aiiy o?eueee aeiia
iiaeaoeiaiai caeiiiaeaanoaa;

aaeineiiaeeoe neeaae oa aaeocaao eeaneo?eaoe?th iniiaieo cania?a, aaanoe
aeey i?iaaaeaiiy aoaeoeaiiai eiio?ieth ? i?eeiyooy a??ieo oi?aae?inueeeo
??oaiue ?o eeaneo?eaoe?eio iciaeo — “iaoa canoinoaaiiy”;

a?aaoethaaoe aeieoiaioiia?a c ?ooo iniiaieo cania?a c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy
??aiy ?ioi?iaoeaiino? aeieoiaio?a;

aeicaieeoe i?aei?e?inoaai naiino?eii oi?ioaaoe naith aii?oecaoe?eio
iie?oeeo, ui a?aeiia?aeaoeia aeiiaai iae?eo ? /eiiiai caeiiiaeaanoaa;

aecia/eoe iioeiaeueio no?aoaa?th ia?ao?aeiiai ia??iaeo ?aoi?ioaaiiy
iae?eo ? ?icaeoeo aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a c o?aooaaiiyi
aeina?aeo ca?oa?aeieo e?a?i oa niaoeeo?ee i?aaiaiai iiey ? aeiiii?/ii?
neooaoe?? a Oe?a?i?;

?ic?iaeoe Iieiaeaiiy i?i i?aai?caoe?th aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo iniiaieo
cania?a i?aei?e?inoa ??cieo oi?i aeaniino? o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aeiia
?eieiaeo a?aeiinei;

i?eaanoe ae?th/ee Ieai ?aooie?a aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo a /anoei?
iniiaieo cania?a o a?aeiia?aei?noue no/aniei oiiaai ainiiaea?thaaiiy ?
iiaeaoeiai? iie?oeee;

?ic?iaeoe ?aeeio nenoaio ei?aniiiaeaioe?? ?aooie?a c ?ooo iniiaieo
cania?a aeey i?aei?e?inoa on?o oi?i aeaniino?, yea a a?aeiia?aeaea
aeiiaai aooaaeoa?nueeiai oa iiaeaoeiaiai iae?eo ? caaeiaieueieea an?o
ei?enooaa/?a iae?eiai? ?ioi?iaoe??;

noaiaea?oecoaaoe ? aaanoe a i?aeoeeo i?aei?e?inoa nenoaio aioo??oiueiai
aoaeeoo, ui aeicaieeoue noai?eoe aoaeoeaiee iaoai?ci oi?aae?iiy
iniiaieie caniaaie o noa’?eo?a ainiiaea?thaaiiy;

i?aai?coaaoe ia i?aei?e?inoaao aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino?
aaaaoi??aiaao nenoaio A?IA iniiaieo cania?a c iaia’yceiaei
aca?iica’yceii eiai c ?ioeie A?I;

i?iaiaeeoe ia ?aaoey?i?e iniia? iii?oi?eia ?aoi?ioaaiiy iae?eo ?
i?aai?caoe?? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a ia aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo
i?aei?e?inoaao c iaoith ?o iiaeaeueoiai ?icaeoeo.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO AAOI?II I?AOeUe

1. Eo/ei I.?., Aeanyoithe I.I. Iniiai? caniae: iae?e, eiio?ieue ?
aiae?c. I?aeoe/iee iin?aiee. — Oa?iii?eue, 1996.- 50n. — 5 ae. a., o
oiio /ene? aaoi?a -3 ae. a.

2. Aeanyoithe I.I. Uiaei ieoaiiy aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a ia
i?aei?e?inoaao. // Na?o aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo. — 1997.-? 1 .-
n.20-21.-0,3 ae. a.

3. Inoai’the I.ss., Aeanyoithe I.I. Ieoaiiy iae?eo, ioe?iee oa
eiio?ieth iacaaa?oaiiai i?iieneiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa a no/anieo oiiaao.
//Na?o aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo.- 1997.- ? 2.- n.23-28.- 0,8 ae. a., o o.
/. aaoi?a 0,4 ae. a.

4. Inoai’the I.ss., Aeanyoithe I.I. Uiaei ieoaiiy ia?aeiiiai iae?eo
iniiaieo cania?a // Aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e ? aoaeeo.-1997.-? 4.- n.3-4.-
0,4 ae. a. o o. /. aaoi?a 0,2 ae. a.

5. Eo/ei I.?., Aeanyoithe I.I. Iaoiaee/aneea ?aeiiaiaeaoeee ii ?aaecee
e eiio?ieth. // Aoaeeo, ?aaecey e eiio?ieue. -1995.-?2.-n.45-58. -0,6
ae. a, o oiio /ene? aaoi?a 0,3 ae. a.

6. Aeanyoithe I.I. Ieoaiiy neeaaeo oa a?aeia?aaeaiiy iniiaieo cania?a a
iiaiio ieai? ?aooie?a aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo. // I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee.-1998.-? 34 (101).-n.14-17.- 0,3 ae. a.

7. Aeanyoithe I.I.Aeaye? aniaeoe ai?iaaaeaeaiiy aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo
ia i?aei?e?inoaao aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino?. //I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee.-1998.-? 41 (108).- n.54-56.- 0,3 ae. a.

8. Aeanyoithe I.I., Iaaeianueea ?.I. Iniiai? i?iaeaie o?ainoi?iaoe??
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo aei oiia ?eieiai? aeiiii?ee. //
I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee.-1998.-? 57 (124).-n. 1-4.- 0,3ae.a.,
o o. /. aaoi?a 0,2 ae. a.

9. Aeanyoithe I.I. Iniiai? caniae a eiioaeno? iiaiai Ieaio ?aooie?a
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo // Ae?ei.-1996.-?48.-n.14.- 0,2 ae. a.

10. Aeanyoithe I.I. I?aai?caoe?y aoaeeoo caaaioaaeaiiy ae?iaie/iai
iaeaaeiaiiy ia i?aei?e?inoaao // Iaoa??aee ?anioae?eainueei?
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? “Aoaeeoi?nueea ae?yeuei?noue a oiiaao
noaiiaeaiiy iiaeo aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a Oe?a?i?”. — Euea?a. —
1995.-n.193.- 0,2 ae. a.

11. Aeanyoithe I.I. Uiaei iae?eo iniiaieo cania?a i?aei?e?inoa
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino? a oiiaao ?eieiaeo a?aeiinei. // Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “Oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a oiiaao
?eieo”.-Oa?iii?eue.-1997.-n.77-78.- 0,2 ae. a.

12. Aeanyoithe I.I. I?iaeaie i?aai?caoe?? ?aa?c?? iniiaieo cania?a
//Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “Oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a oiiaao
?eieo”.-Oa?iii?eue.-1997.-n.117-119.- 0,3 ae. a.

13. Aeanyoithe I.I., Iaeaaithe I.I., Iaoeaoa C.A. Ooieoe??
aooaaeoa?nueeiai iae?eo oa aiae?co a oiiaao oi?ioaaiiy A?I. // Ca??iee
iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “Oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei a oiiaao ?eieo”.-
Oa?iii?eue.-1997.-n.150-151 — 0,2 ae. a., o o. /. aaoi?a 0,1 ae. a.

14. Aeanyoithe I.I. Ieoaiiy ioe?iee iniiaieo cania?a a oiiaao
?ioeyoe??. // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “Oi?ioaaiiy aeiiii?/ieo a?aeiinei
a oiiaao ?eieo” .-Oa?iii?eue .-1997.- n.173-174.- 0,2 ae. a.

15. Inoai’the I.ss., Aeanyoithe I.I. Uiaei ieoaiiy ia?aeiiiai iae?eo
iniiaieo cania?a // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue i?aeia?iaeii? IIE
“Iaoiaeieia?y aeiiii?ei-noaoenoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy a oiiaao
?eieo”.-Oa?iii?eue.-1997.-0,4 ae. a., o o. /. aaoi?a 0,2 ae. a.

Aeanyoithe I.I. Iae?e ? aioo??oi?e aoaeeo iniiaieo cania?a: i?aai?caoe?y
oa iaoiaeeea (ia i?eeeaae? i?aei?e?inoa aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino?
cao?aeiiai ?aa?iio Oe?a?ie). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa aeiiii?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 08.06.04 — aooaaeoa?nueeee iae?e, aiae?c oa aoaeeo.
— Oa?iii?euenueea aeaaeai?y ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa, Oa?iii?eue, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? aeine?aeaeai? i?aai?caoe?ei? oa iaoiaee/i? i?iaeaie
aaaeaiiy iae?eo ? aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a i?aei?e?inoa
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie. ?icaeyioo? iai?yiee
aaeineiiaeaiiy iae?eo ? cai?iiiiiaai? iaoiaee/i? i?ioeaaeo?e
aioo??oiueiai aoaeeoo iniiaieo cania?a, ye? aeicaieyoue i?aeaeueoe
aoaeoeai?noue oi?aae?iiy ieie. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ooaaeai? aei ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a ae?yeuei?noue aeine?aeaeoaaieo
i?aei?e?inoa.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iniiai? caniae, iae?e, aioo??oi?e aoaeeo, i?aai?caoe?y,
iaoiaeeea, aaoiiaoeciaaia ?iai/a i?noea aooaaeoa?a.

Aeanyoithe I.I. O/ao e aioo?aiiee aoaeeo iniiaiuo n?aaenoa: i?aaiecaoeey
e iaoiaeeea (ia i?eia?a i?aaei?eyoee yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe
caiaaeiiai ?aaeiia Oe?aeiu). — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa yeiiiie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 08.06.04 — aooaaeoa?neee o/ao , aiaeec e aoaeeo. —
Oa?iiiieueneay aeaaeaiey ia?iaeiiai oicyenoaa, Oa?iiiieue, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee enneaaeiaaiu i?aaiecaoeeiiiua e iaoiaee/aneea i?iaeaiu
aaaeaiey o/aoa e aioo?aiiaai aoaeeoa iniiaiuo n?aaenoa i?aaei?eyoee
yeaeo?ioaoie/aneie i?iiuoeaiiinoe Oe?aeiu. ?anniio?aiu iai?aaeaiey
niaa?oainoaiaaiey o/aoa e i?aaeeiaeaiu iaoiaee/aneea i?ioeaaeo?u
aioo?aiiaai aoaeeoa iniiaiuo n?aaenoa, eioi?ua ?ac?aoao iiauneoue
yooaeoeaiinoue oi?aaeaiey eie. Iniiaiua ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiey
ooaa?aeaeaiu e aiaae?aieth a aeayoaeueiinoue enneaaeoaiuo i?aaei?eyoee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iniiaiua n?aaenoaa, o/ao, aioo?aiiee aoaeeo,
i?aaiecaoeey, iaoiaeeea, aaoiiaoece?iaaiiia ?aai/aa ianoi aooaaeoa?a.

O. M. Desyatnyuk. Accounting and internal audit of the capital funds:
organization and methodology. (On the example of the electrical
engineering enterprises of the Western part of Ukraine). — Manuscript.

Dissertation for a Candidate of Economic Sciences Degree in specialty
08.06.04. — Accounting, Analysis and Auditing. — Ternopil Academy of
National Economy, 1999.

In the dissertation the organizational and methodological problems of
the capital funds accounting and internal audit development are studied,
the practical achievements of native and foreign scientists, and also
characteristics of accounting and auditing at the electrical engineering
enterprises of the Western part of Ukraine are generalized.

Scientific novelty of the investigation lies in improvement of
accounting, development of organizational and methodological procedures
of internal audit which correspond to the modern economic conditions,
and their use will promote the efficiency of the capital funds
management.

The most considerable achievements are the following:

 generalization of the definitions of the economic category «capital
funds» and theoretical substantiation of the necessary changes in the
list of electrical engineering enterprises objects;

 development of the propositions as to the changes in the current
classification of the capital funds, estimation of their grouping
expediency according with the goal of their use at enterprises;

 determination of the main trends of the capital funds development
under conditions of the market relations and substantiation of internal
audit introduction of the enterprises under investigation;

 making of offers on the system of capital funds synthetically and
analytical audit improvement according with the taxation mechanism
changes and reduction of documentation on their transfer;

 substantiation of possibility of current depreciation methodology and
wear and tear at the electrical engineering enterprises;

 solving of organizational and methodological problems of automated
office of an accountant use as to the capital funds accounting and
internal audit at the enterprises under investigation;

 making of offers as to the capital funds internal audit organization,
development of its stages, principles and general model, development of
methodology and technology of the capital funds internal audit which
will give the possibility to control safe keeping and efficiency of
capital funds use at the electrical engineering enterprises.

Practical importance of the obtained result lies in introduction of the
author’s propositions which will assist in rising of the capital funds
accounting and internal audit. Use of the developed in the thesis
theoretical and methodological principles can find further scientific
developments. Results of the investigation can be used in the process of
further reforming of the system of accounting and internal audit at the
electrical engineering enterprises and other branches of the economy of
Ukraine.

A number of recommendations and propositions made in the thesis as to
organization and methodology of capital funds accounting and internal
audit approved to be implemented into practice of joint stock companies
«Iskra», «Omeha», «Vatra», auditing companies «Ter-Audit» and «Lviv
Audit Inspect». The basic principles of the dissertation are used in
educational and methodological process at Ternopil Academy of National
Economy.

Personal contribution of a candidate lies in productive orientation of
the theoretical developments as to improvement of capital funds
accounting and internal audit organization. The main ideas and
developments of the dissertation have found their reflection in
scientific works published is such magazines as «Accounting and
Auditioned», «The World of Accounting», «Auditing, Inspection and
Control», newspaper «Business», practical manual «Capital Funds:
Accounting, Control and Analysis» and other publications. On the results
of the investigation 15 scientific works were published which covered
total 9.9 printed pages.

The dissertation consists of Introduction, Three Parts, List of
Literature and Appendixes. The work covers 218 printed pages, 5 Tables
cover 4 pages, 13 Pictures cover 8 pages, 21 Appendixes cover 27 pages,
List of Literature included 187 titles and covers 14 pages.

Key words: capital funds, accounting, internal audit, organization,
methodology, automated office of an accountant.

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 12.01.99 ?.

Oi?iao 60×90/16

Oi. ae?oe. a?e. 1,0 Iae.-aeae. a?e 1,0.

Iaeeaae 100. Cai. 27.

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