EE?ANUeEEE IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

AOAe?AIEOeOAA ? A?O?OAEOO?E

Aa/eoei Aiaaeai Aeieo?iae/

OAeE 528.48

IAA?OIOOAAIIss OI*IINO? AAIAeACE*IIAI

CAAACIA*AIIss NII?OAeAEAIIss

AOAe?AAEUeIEO IAIEIIIE

05.24.01 — Aaiaeac?y

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Ee?anueeiio iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa
? a?o?oaeoo?e, I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Noa?ia??ia Aieiaeeie? Na?a?eiae/,
Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e aaoiiaoecaoe?? aaiaeace/ieo aei??thaaiue.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

Aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Noaaio?i ?aai ?ai?iae/, Ee?anueeee
iaoe?iiaeueiee oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, i?ioani?
eaoaae?e ?iaeaia?ii? aaiaeac??

Eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Iacieoeueeee
Aiaoie?e Naae/, Aea?aeaaia iaooiaaciaa ?iniaeoe?y Aea?aeiaooiaaci?iio
Oe?a?ie, aeeiioth/ee iaia’ycee ia/aeueieea.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa:

Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao «Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea», eaoaae?a aaiaeac??,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.Euea?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 28 » o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 11 aiae. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.056.05 i?e Ee?anueeiio
iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca aae?anith:
252037, Ee?a-37, Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?., 31.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e a?ae?ioaoe?
Ee?anueeiai iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e ca
aae?anith Ee?a-37, Iia?o?ioeionueeee i?., 31.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 22 » ea?oiy 1999
?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio I.I.?na?a

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Iaieiiee, ye i?inoi?ia? eiino?oeoe??, ciaoiaeyoue
ana a?eueo oe?iea canoinoaaiiy a ??cieo aaeocyo ia?iaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa
? a aoae?aieoeoa? cie?aia. Aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue oaeiai oeio
eiino?oeoe?e aeiaaaeaia i?aeoeeith. Neeaaei?noue, a a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao
? iaiiaoi?i?noue i?inoi?iai? aaiiao?e/ii? oi?ie oaeeo nii?oae aenoaa?
iniaeea? aeiiae aei yeino? iiioaaeo iaieiieiaeo eiino?oeoe?e ? eiai
aaiaeace/iiai caaacia/aiiy. Aeina?ae nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiie iieaco?, ui
aaiaeace/ia caaacia/aiiy aoae?aieoeoaa oeeo neeaaeieo i?inoi?iaeo nenoai
ia a?aeiia?aea? ??aith no/anieo aeiia. Cono??/athoueny aeiaaeee, eiee
a?aenooi?e i?iaeo aeeiiaiiy aaiaeace/ieo ?ia?o ia ia’?eo?, a iaoiaeeea ?
oi/i?noue aaiaeace/ieo aei??thaaiue ia caaacia/o? iaiao?aeii? yeino?
iiioaaeo iiaa?oi? iaieiiee. Oea, a naith /a?ao, iaaaoeaii a?aeaeaa?oueny
ia iaae?eiino? oa aacia/iiio ooieoe?iioaaii? iaieiieiai? nenoaie.

Oaea neooaoe?y iiynith?oueny oei, ui a ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaioao a?aenooi?
aeiionee ia iiioaae iaieiiie ? aaiaeacenoe ciooai? nai? aecia/aoe
iaiao?aeio oi/i?noue aaiaeace/ieo ?ia?o oa iaoiaeeeo ?o aeeiiaiiy, a oea
iiaea i?ecaanoe aei i?ecia/aiiy iecueeeo, aai iaiaa?oioiaaii aenieeo
aeiia aei oi/iino?.

A no/anieo oiiaao aeeiiaiiy aoae?aaeueii-iiioaaeieo ?ia?o iaiao?aeii
ae??oeoe ieoaiiy i?i anoaiiaeaiiy iioeiaeueiiai cia/aiiy iioeaee
aei??thaaiiy i?e i?i?iaeuei?e aa?oino? aeeiiaiiy ?ia?o.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aaiaeace/ia
caaacia/aiiy iiioaaeo ? iaeiei ?c aaaeeeaeo oaeoi??a i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?,
iaae?eiino? oa aacia/iiai ooieoe?iioaaiiy aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e. A
iniaeea?e i??? oea a?aeiineoueny aei oaeeo neeaaeieo ia’?eo?a ye
aoae?aaeuei? iaieiiee, eio?? aeicaieythoue io?eiaoe oe?eaa? oa
nai???aei? c anoaoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o a?o?oaeoo?i? oi?ie no/aniiai i?noa.
?iaioa aeeiiaia ca?aeii ieai?a iaoeiai? ?iaioe eaoaae?e aaoiiaoecaoe??
aaiaeace/ieo aei??thaaiue EIOAA.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith ?iaioe ? iaa?oiooaaiiy ? i?aeoe/ia
?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo oi/iino? aaiaeace/iiai caaacia/aiiy
nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiie.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue:

— aiae?c ?nioth/eo niinia?a nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiie;

— aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao ie?aieo aeaea?ae iioeaie oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiee ia aaee/eio iioeaee i?iaeoiiai iieiaeaiiy aoce?a
eiino?oeoe?? a iai?yieo ii?iae? aei iiaa?oi?;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy aeiionoeieo iioeaie acaeiaae ii?iae? aei
iiaa?oi? a i?iaeoiiio iieiaeaii? oi/ie na?aaeeiii? iiaa?oi? iaieiiee;

-?ic?iaea aeai?eoio oa i?ia?aiiiai caaacia/aiiy aecia/aiiy aeiionoeieo
iioeaie oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iiia?aaeiueiai ?ic?aooieo ? iiaeaethaaiiy iiey
ii/aoeiaeo iaaeineiiaeinoae oi?ie iaieiiee, i?e/eiith aeieeiaiiy yeeo ?
iioeaee aaiaeace/ieo ?ici?/oaaeueieo ? iiioaaeieo ?ia?o oa iioeaee
aeaioiaeaiiy ? aeaoi?iaoe??* ca??ieo aeaiaio?a;

— ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo oi/iino? aaiaeace/iiai caaacia/aiiy
nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiie, yea aaco?oueny ia a?aooaaii? aieeao iioeaie
oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a iiioaaeo ia ci?io coneeue a o?e? iaieiiee,
aeoiaey/e c ?iia??iiniiai iieacieea iaae?eiino? eiino?oeoe??.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa?:

— o aecia/aii? eiao?oe??io?a aieeao iioeaie ie?aieo oaoiieia?/ieo
i?ioean?a nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiee ia iioeaee i?iaeoiiai iieiaeaiiy aoce?a
o iai?yieo ii?iae? aei iiaa?oi?.

— o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee iiaeaethaaiiy iiey ii/aoeiaeo i?iaei?a iiaa?oi?
iaieiiee, canoinoaaiiy yei? aeicaiey? ua ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy a?aooaaoe
aieea iioeaie oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a nii?oaeaeaiiy ia ci?io oa
ia?a?iciiae?e coneeue a o?e? eiino?oeoe??;

— o ?ic?iaoe? iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo oi/iino? aaiaeace/ieo ?ia?o i?e
nii?oaeaeaii? iaieiiie, aeei?enoaiiy yei? caaacia/oaaoeia aaca?aeiiaia
ooieoe?iioaaiiy iaieiieiai? eiino?oeoe?? ?c caaeaiith i?e ?ic?aooieo
?iia??i?noth H(0) i?e aeio?eiaii? an?o ?ioeo aeiia i?iaeoo.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oi/iino? aaiaeace/ieo aei??thaaiue
iiaea canoiniaoaaoenue aeey ?ioeo aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e, cie?aia
aeey ea?eanieo aoaeeie?a. Ae?iaieoeoao i?iiiio?oueny i?ia?aiia
caaacia/aiiy, ?ic?iaeaia ia iniia? aeuacaaaeaieo iaoiaeee.

* Ooo ?icaeyaeathoueny aeaoi?iaoe?? ca??ieo aeaiaio?a, ye? a?aeaoeeny
aei iiiaioo caaa?oaiiy iiioaaeo iaieiiee.

30 i.). A?aeiia?aei? aeia?aeee i?eaaaeai? a aeiaeaoeao aeena?oaoe?eii?
?iaioe.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aaoi?ia? iaeaaeeoue:

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee (oa aeai?eoio aeey ?? ?aae?caoe?? ia IAII)
iiia?aaeiueiai ?ic?aooieo oa iiaeaethaaiiy iiey ii/aoeiaeo
iaaeineiiaeinoae oi?ie iiaa?oi? iaieiiee;

— ?ic?iaea iaoiaeeee (oa ?? ?aae?caoe?y o aeaeyae? i?ia?aiiiai
caaacia/aiiy ia IAII) ?ic?aooieo oi/iino? aaiaeace/ieo ?ia?o i?e
nii?oaeaeaii? aoae?aaeueieo iaieiiie;

— /eneia? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a, i?eaaaeaieo a aeena?oaoe??.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? iaaiai?thaaeenue ia ui??/ieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo Ee?anueeiai ?iaeaia?ii-aoae?aaeueiiai ?inoeoooo (i.Ee?a,
1987-90 ??.), ia ui??/ieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo Oe?a?inueei?
aea?aeaaii? aeaaeai?? aiaeiiai ainiiaea?noaa (i.??aia, 1995-98??.), ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio nai?ia?? “I?ia?anneaiua aaiaeace/aneea e
oioia?aiiao?e/aneea iaoiaeu iaaethaeaiee ca inaaeeaie e aeaoi?iaoeeyie
eiaeaia?iuo nii?oaeaiee” (i.Ee?a, 1988?.), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iiio
na-i?ia?? a i.Eociaoeianuee (1987?.), ia iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe??
Aie-aia?aaenueeiai ?iaeaia?ii-aoae?aaeueiiai ?inoeoooo (i.Aieaia?aae,
1987?.).

Ioae?eaoe??: Ca iaoa??aeaie aeine?aeaeaiue iioae?eiaaii 9 ae?oeiaaieo
?ia?o, a oiio /ene? 6 noaoae o iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao oa 3 a iaoa??aeao
eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio,
/ioe?ueio ?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e ? naie aeiaeaoe?a. Ia’?i ?iaioe noaiiaeoue 150 noi??iie, a
oiio /ene? ?enoiee — 27 noi??iie (49 ?enoie?a), oaaeeoe? -12 noi??iie
(13 oaaeeoeue). Aeiaeaoee caeiathoue 54 noi??iee, nienie e?oa?aoooe 13
noi??iie ? aeeth/a? 127 iaeiaioaaiue.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, aecia/aii
iaoo e caaaeaiiy, iaoeiao iiaecio oa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiue ?
ei?ioei ?ice?eoi ?o ci?no.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?eaaaeaia eeaneo?eaoe?y iaieiiie ca ?o
ooieoe?iiaeueiei i?ecia/aiiyi, ca aaiiao?e/ieie ia?aiao?aie oa ca
eiino?oeoeaieie ? oaoiieia?/ieie iciaeaie. Iienai? niiniae nii?oaeaeaiiy
iiiie?oieo ? ca??ieo iaieiiie oa iniaeeaino? iaoiaeeee aeeiiaiiy
aaiaeace/ieo aei??thaaiue aeey eiaeiiai niiniao.

Aiae?c i?aoeue, i?enay/aieo i?aeoe/iiio aeina?aeo nii?oaeaeaiiy
iaieiiie, aiai?eoue i?i oa, ui aaiaeace/ia caaacia/aiiy aoae?aieoeoaa
oeeo eiino?oeoe?e ia a?aeiia?aea? ??aith no/anieo aeiia, ui
iiynith?oueny a?aenooi?noth a ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaioao aeiione?a ia
iiioaae iaieiieiaeo eiino?oeoe?e. A i?aeoeoe? aoae?aieoeoaa /anoi
cono??/athoueny aeiaaeee, eiee iioeaee aaiaeace/ieo iaoiae?a oa
i?eeaae?a iathoue oaeee naiee ii?yaeie, ui e aeiionoei? iioeaee
iieiaeaiiy eiino?oeoe?e. Oe? aeiaaeee iniaeeai iaaacia/i? i?e
nii?oaeaeaii? aaeeeeo oi?eaeueieo ia’?eo?a, yeeie ? iaieiieia?
eiino?oeoe??. Iaiiaoi?i?noue ?iaeaia?ii-i?iaeoieo ??oaiue aeey iaieiiie
? ua iaeiei oaeoi?ii, eio?ee aeiaaa? aeeaieiai ? ananoi?iiiueiai aiae?co
i?e ae??oaii? ieoaiiy i?i i?ecia/aiiy aeiione?a ia oi/i?noue oeeo ?ia?o.

A ?iaioao I.A.A?aeo?aa, O.O.*i/yia, I.Io?aaeoeea?aa, A.Oaeaea?iaa,
?.?.Neace?ia, A.Ae.Aecyiaia oa ?ioeo aaoi??a, i?enay/aieo ?ic?aooieo
oi/iino? aaiaeace/iiai caaacia/aiiy nii?oaeaeaiiy ca??ieo iaieiiie,
aeei?enoiao?oueny oai??y ?ici??ieo eaioetha?a, yeith ia?aaeaa/a?oueny
iaeiie/aiiy iioeaie a i?ioean? iiioaaeo ca??ieo aeaiaio?a acaeiaae
e?eaie?i?eii? iiaa?oi?. Aiae?c ?ia?o oeeo aaoi??a oa niinia?a ?
iniaeeainoae iiioaaeo iaieiieiaeo eiino?oeoe?e iieacaa, ui iaiao?aeia
iiaeaeueoa, a?eueo eiie?aoia aaeaioaoe?y aeuacaaaeaii? oai??? aeey
iaaieo niinia?a nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiie, cie?aia, aeey iiiie?oieo.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ia iniia? aecia/aiiy ae?ini?aeaeueieo iioeaie o
aoceao iaieiiee ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo iiia?aaeiueiai ?ic?aooieo oa
iiaeaethaaiiy iiey ii/aoeiaeo iaaeineiiaeinoae oi?ie iaieiiee, i?e/eiith
aeieeiaiiy yeeo ?:

;

) ca??ieo aeaiaio?a.

Ia?aiao?e o?eaei??iiai ii?iaeueiiai ?iciiae?eo A (ae?ini?aeaeueii?
iioeaee) o aoce? aecia/athoueny ca a?aeiiei a iaoaiaoe/i?e noaoenoeoe?
aeai?eoiii

, (1)

aea

, (2)

ia eii?aeeiaoi? in? X,Y,Z.

Aaoi?ii noi?iiaaii iao?eoe? M ? K aeey iaieiiie ia?aiino

,

oa iaieiiie iaa?oaiiy

,

,

;

,

— eaiii?/i?

aeey ieiueie OYZ.

) a?aeiia?aeii a ieiueiao OXZ, OYZ oa ia?eae?aio.

) a?ae i?iaeoiiai iieiaeaiiy acaeiaae ii?iae? aei iiaa?oi?:

, (3)

), ? ca e?ioeaaa cia/aiiy i?eeiyoi

, (4)

.

ia iioeaeo iieiaeaiiy aocea a iai?yieo ii?iae? aei iiaa?oi? iaieiiee

). (5)

Ca aiae?cii ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooie?a anoaiiaeaii, ui:

, eiao?oe??ioe aieeao yeeo ia iioeaeo acaeiaae ii?iae? i?aeoe/ii ??ai?
1 aeey an??? iiaa?oi? iaieiiee;

;

, a ia i?iaeie, eio?? aeieeathoue i?e ?iaio? iaieiiee ye i?inoi?iaiai
i?oaeiiai o?ea i?ney caaa?oaiiy iiioaaeo);

aeey iiaa?oi? eiie?aoii? iaieiiee.

Aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee aeicaieeoue ua ia aoai? i?iaeooaaiiy
a?aooaaoe aieea iioeaie oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a nii?oaeaeaiiy ia ci?io
oa ia?a?iciiae?e coneeue a o?e? iaieiiee.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? ?ic?iaeaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aeiionoeieo iioeaie
ie?aieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiee /a?ac i?ecia/aiiy
aeiionoeieo aaee/ei ii/aoeiaeo i?iaei?a iiaa?oi?. Ii/aoeia?
iaaeineiiaeino? oi?ie iaieiiee i?ecaiaeyoue aei ??ceeo no?eaeiiiae?aieo
ci?i e?eaeie iiaa?oi? o aoceao eiino?oeoe?? ?, ye iane?aeie, aei
aeieeiaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo caeiaeueieo iiiaio?a, iaia?aaeaa/aieo i?iaeoii,
aaee/eia eio?eo iiaea aooe cia/iith. Inoaii? iaaaoeaii a?aeaeaa?oueny ia
iaae?eiino? ? ?iaioini?iiiaeiino? eiino?oeoe??.

Aeiionoei? aaee/eie ii/aoeiaeo i?iaei?a aecia/ai? ca oiiae, ui a
eiaeiiio ia?a??c? iiaa?oi? iaieiiee coneeey ia ia?aaeueoue iii?o ?c
?iia??i?noth H(0), caaeaiith i?e ?ic?aooieo, c a?aooaaiiyi aa??aoe?e
(iioeaie) on?o aac aeiyoeo iii?iaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee eiino?oeoe??:
iii?o iaoa??ae?a, iaaaioaaeaiue, ui ae?thoue ia eiino?oeoe?th oa
aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a.

Aaoi?ii io?eiaia oi?ioea aecia/aiiy aeiionoeiiai a?aeoeeaiiy aocea a
iai?yieo ii?iae? aei iiaa?oi? iaieiiee

, (6)

— na?aaeiy eaaae?aoe/ia iioeaea ?ic?aooieo coneeey.

aecia/a?oueny c ??aiyiiy

, (7)

— eiao?oe??io ei?aeyoe?? iii?o oa coneeey. Ii?? R oa coneeey S
aecia/athoueny ca?aeii oi?ioe NIeI 2.03.01.92 a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeio
?ic?aooieo ia?a??co (iicaoeaio?iai-noeniooa, iicaoeaio?iai-?icoyaiooa,
c?aiooa, ?ic?aooiie ia ooai?aiiy o??uei).

A caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo ii?? oa coneeey ? ooieoe?yie aeae?eueeio
aeiaaeeiaeo a?aoiaio?a

, (8)

— ia?aiao?, eio?ee oa?aeoa?eco? i?iaeoia i?inoi?iaa iieiaeaiiy
ei-ino?oeoe??.

aecia/aia ca ia?oei ??aiyiiyi (8)

— eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? aeiaaeeiaeo a?aoiaio?a iii?o R.

) iaiao?aeii aecia/aoe c aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo aeey eiaeii?
eiie?aoii? iaieiiee, ui ia? nii?oaeaeoaaoenue. I?e a?aenooiino? oaeeo
aeaieo iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe noaoenoe/i? cia/aiiy iioeaie, i?eaaaeai? a
e?oa?aoo??.

, (9)

-ai aeaea?aea.

iacaeaaeii a?ae oeio iiaa?oi? oa niiniao caaaeaiiy eiino?oeoe??.

.

Oaaeeoey 1

, h = 8 ni*).

Aeiionoei? iioeaee (ii)

? aocea acaeiaae ii?ia-e? iiioaaeieo ?ia?o aaiaeace/iiai ?ici?/aiiy
aeaioiaeaiiy ? aeaoi?iaoe?? ca??ieo aeaiaio?a

) a ieai? ii aenio? a ieai? ii aenio? aeiaaeeie oiaueie

1 17.82 43.31 5.31 21.65 2.66 31.85 5.94

2 21.53 34.53 6.50 17.27 3.25 23.93 7.18

3 24.13 25.42 7.38 12.71 3.70 14.13 8.08

4 22.96 16.94 7.52 8.47 3.76 10.21 8.00

5 23.88 12.71 7.74 6.35 3.87 8.49 7.92

6 22.36 9.57 7.38 4.78 3.70 7.43 7.43

* h -oiaueia no?iee iaieiiee.

a) a)

?en.1. Aaiiao?e/i? ia?aiao?e oa ioia?aoe?y aoce?a (noaie aei oaae.1,2)

a) — e?oaiai? iiaa?oi? ia?aiino; a) — noa?e/iiai eoiiea.

Oaaeeoey 2

) oa ie?aieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a

nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiee-iie?eooy ae?iaie/i? ?aeaeuei? a i.A?ea Oea?eaa.

)

? Aeiionoei? iioeaee (ii)

aocea acaeiaae ii?iae? iiioaaeieo ?ia?o acaeiaae in? aaiaeace/iiai
?ici?/aiiy acaeiaae in? aeaioiaeaiiy oa aeaoi?iaoe?? ca??ieo aeaiaio?a:

) X Y Z X Y Z aeiaaeeie oe?eie oiaueie

1 16.19 29.88 29.88 8.96 14.94 14.94 4.48 33.41 33.41 5.39

2 16.18 16.36 29.94 8.98 8.18 14.97 4.49 12.89 33.47 5.39

3 16.14 8.20 29.86 8.96 4.10 14.93 4.48 6.65 33.38 5.39

4 17.24 5.86 31.86 10.20 2.93 15.93 5.10 5.03 35.62 5.75

6 15.70 15.56 15.56 8.62 7.78 7.78 4.31 12.26 12.26 5.14

11 16.25 8.24 8.24 9.32 4.12 4.12 4.66 6.70 6.70 5.39

16 20.71 7.06 7.06 12.26 3.53 3.53 6.13 6.04 6.04 6.94

?acoeueoaoe ?ic?aooie?a na?ae/aoue:

eiie?aoii? iaieiiee;

2) i?i aa??aoe?th (a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao cia/io) iie?a oeeo iioeaie aeey
??cieo iaieiiie, ui iiynith?oueny ??cieie iieacieeaie iaae?eiino?
(??cieie caianaie i?oeiino?), caeeaaeaieie i?iaeoii;

);

) ii iiaa?oi? eiie?aoii? iaieiiee, ui iaoiiaeaii ??cieie eiao?oe??ioaie
aieeao oeeo iioeaie ia aaee/eio ii/aoeiaiai i?iaeio aeey oeaio?aeueii?
/anoeie iaieiiee ? aeey i?eeiioo?ii? ciie;

5) i?i oa, ui aeiiae aei oi/iino? nii?oaeaeaiiy iii?iiai eiioo?o ?
aeueie o ii??aiyii? c aeiiaaie aei oi/iino? iiioaaeo aoaeue-yei? oi/ee
e?eaie?i?eii? iiaa?oi? iaieiiee.

Aecia/aiiy aeiione?a ca aeaiith iaoiaeeeith ? nai???aeiith ia?aa??eith
iaae?eiino? i?iaeoo. A oiae? ?ic?aooieo aeyaeythoueny iaea?eueo neaae?
i?noey cai?iaeoiaaii? eiino?oeoe??, ui aea? ciiao i?e iaiao?aeiino?
aianoe ci?ie a i?iaeo ? oieeiooe aaa??eieo neooaoe?e.

Oi?eaeuei?noue iaieiieiaeo nenoai aeiaaa? iaia’yceiaiai ?ic?aooieo iiey
aeiionoeieo iioeaie aaiaeace/iiai caaacia/aiiy aeey eiaeii? eiie?aoii?
iaieiiee, ui ia? nii?oaeaeoaaoenue.

*aoaa?oee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee aiae?co no/anieo iaoiae?a eiio?ieth
i?iaeoiiai iieiaeaiiy iiaa?oi? iaieiiee, eio?? i???ioiaai? ia
aeei?enoaiiy aaoiiaoeciaaieo nenoai ? oaoiieia?e, cie?aia aeaeo?iiieo
oaiaeie?o?a ? oaoaiiao??a a eiiieaen? c iieueiaei ?a?no?aoi?ii
?ioi?iaoe??.

?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo a?eueiiai aeai?o noaioe?? i?e
aeeiiaii? ?ia?o aeaeo?iiieie oaiaeie?oaie ? oaoaiiao?aie. Aoaeoeai?noue
aeaiiai iaoiaeo iieyaa? o a?aeiia? a?ae cae??ieaiiy, aeei?enoaiiy ?
caa?aaeaiiy a?ii?caeei? eieaeueii? iii?ii? ia?aae?, ui a oiiaao
aoae?aaeueiiai iaeaeai/eea ? aacoiiaiei iiceoeaiei iiiaioii. Aeey
?aae?caoe?? aeaiiai iaoiaeo aeinoaoiuei 2-4 (??aeei a?eueoi? e?eueeino?)
ioieo?a iii?ii? ia?aae?, ?icoaoiaaieo ca iaaeaie aoae?aaeueiiai
iaeaeai/eea (aai ?ici?uaieo aaciina?aaeiuei ia iii?iiio eiioo??
iaieiiee), /ei aa?aioo?oueny ?o iaae?eia caa?aaeaiiy ia ia??iae
aoae?aieoeoaa.

ieaiiaiai iieiaeaiiy ioieoo, aecia/aiiai oaeith can?/eith. Ca
?acoeueoaoaie ?ic?aooie?a ca oi?ioeith anoaiiaeaii, ui oi/i?noue
ieaiiaeo eii?aeeiao i?aeoe/ii ia caeaaeeoue a?ae eooa can?/ee ia
noaioe??, a ciaoiaeeoueny a i?yiii?iii?oe?ei?e caeaaeiino? a?ae
a?aeaeae? aei aeo?aeieo ioieo?a.

Aaeaioiaaii aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaeno MONMOS (aenieioi/iee aeaeo?iiiee
oaoaiiao? c iaeiie/oaa/ai ?ioi?iaoe?? oa niaoe?aeueiei i?ia?aiiei
caaacia/aiiyi ) aeey eiio?ieth i?iaeoii? iiaa?oi? iaieiiee. Eiai
canoinoaaiiy aeicaiey? niinoa?aaeaiiyi aeaio oi/ie a i?ioean?
aoae?aieoeoaa a?aeoai?eoe aeey iaieiiee i?inoi?iao i?yiieooio nenoaio
eii?aeeiao, yeith ei?enooaaeeny i?iaeoaioe, oieeiooe a?ii?caeei?
iia?aoe?? ia?a?aooieo eii?aeeiao c iaei??? nenoaie a ?ioo ? i?aeoe/ii
a?aeiiaeoenue a?ae niinoa?aaeaiiy ioieo?a eieaeueii? iii?ii? ia?aae?.

Aeeiiaii ?ic?aooiie iaiao?aeii? oi/iino? eooiaeo oa e?i?eieo aei???a
aeey aeai?o i?eeaae?a oa iaoiaeeee aeeiiaiiy aaiaeace/ieo ?ia?o.

Ca aeaieie ?ic?aooie?a ca i?ia?aiith Dopusk io?eiaii ni?iuaio oi?ioeo
aeiionoeii? iioeaee acaeiaae ii?iae? aei iiaa?oi?

, (10)

.

I?eaaaeaii ii??aiyeueiee aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a iiia?aaeiueiai ?ic?aooieo
ca i?ia?aiith Obolonky ii/aoeiaeo iaaeineiiaeinoae oi?ie c ?acoeueoaoaie
aeeiiaa/iai ci?iaiiy aeey iaieiiee-iie?eooy ae?iaie/i? ?aeaeuei? (i.A?ea
Oea?eaa) oa eoiieo iaae ei?ionii i?aei?e?inoaa cae?cie/ieo ia?aaacaiue
(i.Ee?a) ? anoaiiaeaii oi?ioo ocaiaeaeai?noue ?acoeueoao?a
iiia?aaeiueiai ?ic?aooieo c aenia?eiaioaeueieie aeaieie (?en.2).

a)

a)

) iaae ei?ionii i?aei?e?inoaa cae?cie/ieo ia?aaacaiue (i.Ee?a):

a) iiia?aaei?e ?ic?aooiie ca i?ia?aiith Obolonky;

a) iiaoaeiaaia ca ?acoeueoaoaie aeeiiaa/iai ci?iaiiy.

10 ?cie?i?? iioeaie (ii) acaeiaae ii?iae? aei iiaa?oi?.

AENIIAEE

1. Aiae?c e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae oa ocaaaeueiaiiy aeina?aeo
aoae?aieoeoaa iaieiiie iieacaee, ui noai aaiaeace/iiai caaacia/aiiy
nii?oaeaeaiiy oeeo eiino?oeoe?e ia a?aeiia?aea? c?inoath/iio ??aith ?o
canoinoaaiiy aoae?aaeueiith i?aeoeeith. I?e/eia oeueiai — a?aenooi?noue
a ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaioao aeiione?a ia iiioaae iaieiiie.

2. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea iiia?aaeiueiai ?ic?aooieo ? iiaeaethaaiiy iie?a
ii/aoeiaeo iaaeineiiaeinoae oi?ie iaieiiie, i?e/eiith aeieeiaiiy eio?eo
? iioeaee aaiaeace/ieo ?ici?/oaaeueieo ? iiioaaeieo ?ia?o oa iioeaee
aeaioiaeaiiy ? aeaoi?iaoe?? ca??ieo aeaiaio?a. Io?eiaii /eneia?
eiao?oe??ioe aieeao iioeaie ie?aieo oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
nii?oaeaeaiiy ia aaee/eio a?aeoeeaiiy aocea a?ae i?iaeoiiai iieiaeaiiy a
iai?yieo ii?iae? aei iiaa?oi?.

3. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oi/iino? aaiaeace/iiai caaac-ia/aiiy
nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiie. Aeiionoei? iioeaee aecia/athoueny ca oiiae, ui a
eiaeiiio ia?a??c? iiaa?oi? iaieiiee coneeey ia ia?aaeueoue iii?o ?c
?iia??i?noth H(0), caaeaiith i?e ?ic?aooieo, c a?aooaaiiyi aa??aoe?e
on?o iii?iaeueieo oa?aeoa?enoee eiino?oeoe??.

4. Ai?iaaoe?y iaoiaeeee ?ic?aooieo oi/iino? ia ?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?yo
iieacaea aa??aoe?th (a ie?aieo aeiaaeeao cia/io) iie?a aeiionoeieo
iioeaie aeey ??cieo iaieiiie. Iaiiaoi?i?noue ?iaeaia?ieo ??oaiue aeey
iaieiieiaeo eiino?oeoe?e noaaeoue aeiiao ?ic?aooieo oi/iino?
aaiaeace/iiai caaacia/aiiy aeey eiaeii? eiie?aoii? iaieiiee, ui ia?
nii?oaeaeoaaoenue.

5. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oi/iino? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia
aeey ?ioeo aoae?aaeueieo eiino?oeoe?e, cie?aia ea?eanieo aoaeeie?a.

6. Aeey eiio?ieth i?iaeoiiai iieiaeaiiy iiaa?oi? iaieiiee i?iiiio?oueny
iaoiae a?eueiiai aeai?o noaioe?? ?c canoinoaaiiyi aeaeo?iiieo
oaoaiiao??a, ui aeicaiey? ciaioeoe aei i?i?ioio e?euee?noue ioieo?a
eieaeueii? iii?ii? ia?aae? i?e caaacia/aii? iaiao?aeii? oi/iino?.

7. Ae?iaieoeoao i?iiiio?oueny i?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeey iiaeaethaaiiy
iie?a ii/aoeiaeo iaaeineiiaeinoae oi?ie iiaa?oi? iaieiiee oa ?ic?aooieo
aeiione?a oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiee.

IA?AE?E I?AOeUe, IIOAE?EIAAIEO CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Eene/aineee A.N., Aa/eoei A.Ae. E aii?ino ?an/aoa iia?aoiinoae
aicaaaeaiey nai?iuo iaiei/ae // Eiaeaia?iay aaiaeacey. — E.:
Aoae?aaeueiee. — 1988. — Aui.31. -N. 41-44.

2. Aa/eoei A.Ae. ?an/ao iia?aoiinoae aicaaaeaiey nai?iuo iaiei/ae //
Aaiaeace/aneea iaoiaeu eiio?iey ea/anoaa no?ieoaeuenoaa. — Eoeauoaa. —
Ecae-ai Eoeauoaa. oi-oa. — 1987. — N. 109-113.

3. Noa?iaa?ia A.N., Aa/eoei A.Ae., Iaoyi E.N. Ii?ie?iaaiea oi/iinoe
aaiaeace/aneeo ?acaeai/iuo e iiioaaeiuo ?aaio i?e aicaaaeaiee nai?iuo
nii?oaeaiee // Aaiaeace/aneea ?aaiou a no?ieoaeuenoaa. — Eoeauoaa. —
Ecae-ai Eoeauoaa. oi-oa. — 1988. — N.117-121.

4. Noa?iaa?ia A.N., Aa/eoei A.Ae., Aai?ia A.E. ?an/ao oi/iinoe
iieiaeaiey ocea nai?iuo nii?oaeaiee // Eiaeaia?iay aaiaeacey. — E.:
Aoae?aaeueiee. — 1990. — Aui. 33. — N. 81-85.

5. Noa?ia??ia A.N., Aa/eoei A.Ae. Aecia/aiiy aeiione?a aaiaeace/iiai
caaacia/aiiy nii?oaeaeaiiy iaieiiie // ?iaeaia?ia aaiaeac?y. — E.:
EAeOOAA. -1998. -Aei.39. — N.137-139.

6. Noa?ia??ia A.N., Aa/eoei A.Ae. Oi/i?noue ieaiiaiai iieiaeaiiy
ioieoo, aecia/aiiai iaa?iaiith e?i?eii-eooiaith can?/eith // ?iaeaia?ia
aaiaeac?y. — E.: EAeOOAA. -1998. -Aei.39. — N.140-141.

7. Aa/eoei A.Ae. Aecia/aiiy a?aie/ieo aaee/ei ii/aoeiaeo i?iaei?a
iiaa?oi? o?aineyoe?eii? iaieiiee. // Iaoa?. iaoe.-oaoi. eiio.,
i?enay/aii? 50-??//th Ia?aiiae o Aae. A?o/. a?ei?. Naeoe. aaiaeac?? oa
caieaai. — ??aia. — 1996. — N. 3-5.

8. Aa/eoei A.Ae., Aa?oei?i I.A. ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aei oi/iino? aeeiiaiiy
aaiaeace/ieo ?ia?o i?e nii?oaeaeaii? ca??ieo iaieiiie // Iaoa?.
iaoe.-oaoi. eiio., — ??aia. — 1996. — N. 33.

9. Aa/eoei A.Ae., Aa?aaeithe E.I. Ii?ioaaiiy oi/iino? aaiaeace/ieo ?ia?o
i?e caaaeaii? ca??iiai eoiiea // Oace aeii. iaoe.-oaoi. eiio.,
i?enay/aii? 50-??//th Ia?aiiae o Aae. A?o/. a?ei?.-??aia, 1995.
*.1.-N.40.

Aa/eoei A.Ae. Iaa?oiooaaiiy oi/iino? aaiaeace/iiai caaacia/aiiy
nii?oaeaeaiiy aoae?aaeueieo iaieiiie.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.24.01 — aaiaeac?y.- Ee?anueeee iaoe?iiaeueiee
oi?aa?neoao aoae?aieoeoaa ? a?o?oaeoo?e, Ee?a, 1999.

A ?iaio? i?iiiio?oueny iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo oi/iino? aaiaeace/ieo ?ia?o
i?e aoae?aieoeoa? iaieiiie, eio?a aaco?oueny ia a?aooaaii? aieeao
iioeaie oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a nii?oaeaeaiiy ia ci?io coneeue a o?e?
eiino?oeoe??. Aeiionee aecia/athoueny aeoiaey/e c ?iia??iiniiai
iieacieea iaae?eiino? iaieiiee ca i?oei?noth.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?ic?aooiie oi/iino?, aaiaeace/i? ?iaioe, iaieiiea,
iioeaea, coneeey, iieaciee iaae?eiino?.

Bachyshin B.D. Precision substantiation of geodetic works at the
assembling of building covered construction.-Manuscript.

Thesis for a scientific degree of candidate of technical sciences in
speciality 05.24.01 — geodesy. — Kyiv National University of
Construction and Architecture, Kyiv, 1999.

The work suggests methods of precision calculation of geodetic works at
the assembling of covered construction that is based taking into account
the influence of technological errors of assembling on the changes of
the strains in cover body. The rates are stated on basis of strength
cover reliability probability index.

Key words: precision calculation, geodetic works, cover, error, strain,
probability index.

Aa/eoei A.Ae. Iainiiaaiea oi/iinoe aaiaeace/aneiai iaania/aiey
aicaaaeaiey no?ieoaeueiuo iaiei/ae.- ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.24.01 — aaiaeacey.- Eeaaneee iaoeeiiaeueiue
oieaa?neoao no?ieoaeuenoaa e a?oeoaeoo?u, Eeaa, 1999.

A ?aaioa i?aaeeaaaaony iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa oi/iinoe aaiaeace/aneeo ?aaio
i?e no?ieoaeuenoaa iaiei/ae, eioi?ay iniiauaaaony ia o/aoa aeeyiey
iia?aoiinoae oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia iiioaaea ia eciaiaiea oneeee a
oaea eiino?oeoeee.

Ia iniiaa ii?aaeaeaiey yeeeinieaeaeueiuo iia?aoiinoae a oceao iaiei/ee
aaoi?ii ?ac?aaioaia iaoiaeeea i?aaeaa?eoaeueiiai ?an/aoa e
iiaeaee?iaaiey iiey ia/aeueiuo ianiaa?oainoa oi?iu iaiei/ee, i?e/eiaie
aicieeiiaaiey eioi?uo yaeythony iia?aoiinoe aaiaeace/aneeo ?acaeai/iuo e
iiioaaeiuo ?aaio, a oaeaea ecaioiaeaiey e aeaoi?iaoeee nai?iuo
yeaiaioia. Oeacaiiay iaoiaeeea ?aaeeciaaia a aeaea i?ia?aiiiiai
iaania/aiey aeey ia?niiaeueiuo YAI. Ii?aaeaeaiu eiyooeoeeaiou aeeyiey
ioaeaeueiuo enoi/ieeia iia?aoiinoae oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia
nii?oaeaiey iaiei/ee ia iia?aoiinoue iieiaeaiey ocea a iai?aaeaiee
ii?iaee e iiaa?oiinoe iaiei/ee.

) aaeieue ii?iaee ec oneiaey, /oi a eaaeaeii na/aiee iiaa?oiinoe
iaiei/ee oneeea ia aeieaeii i?aauneoue nii?ioeaeaiey n caaeaiiie i?e
?an/aoa aa?iyoiinoueth I(0) n o/aoii aa?eaoeee (iia?aoiinoae) anao
iiieiaeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee eiino?oeoeee (nii?ioeaeaiey iaoa?eaeia,
iaa?ocie, aeaenoaothueo ia eiino?oeoeeth e aaiiao?e/aneeo ia?aiao?ia).
Ii aeiionoeiie aaee/eia iia?aoiinoe aaeieue ii?iaee ii?aaeaeythony
aeiionee anao oaoiieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia aicaaaeaiey iaiei/ee, a oii
/enea aaiaeace/aneiai iaania/aiey.

) aeey eiie?aoiie iaiei/ee yaeyaony aeinoaoi/ii ?aaiiia?iui.
Aiaeiae/iua iiey aeey ?aciuo iaiei/ae aa?uee?otho (a ioaeaeueiuo neo/ayo
cia/eoaeueii). Iiey aeiionoeiuo iia?aoiinoae aaiaeace/aneie ?acaeaee e
iiioaaea ii aunioa e iia?aoiinoae ecaioiaeaiey e aeaoi?iaoeee oieueiu
nai?iuo yeaiaioia — ?aaiiia?iua aeey eiie?aoiie iaiei/ee. O?aaoaony
aeeooa?aioee?iaaiiue iiaeoiae e oi/iinoe aaiaeace/aneie ?acaeaee e
iiioaaea a ieaia, a oaeaea e oi/iinoe ecaioiaeaiey aeeeiu (oe?eiu)
nai?iuo yeaiaioia a caaeneiinoe io ioiineoaeueiiai iieiaeaiey ocea ia
iiaa?oiinoe iaiei/ee (oeaio?aeueiay eee i?eeiioo?iay ciia). O?aaiaaiey e
oi/iinoe nii?oaeaiey iii?iiai eiioo?a — iaeaunoea ii n?aaiaieth n
o?aaiaaieyie e oi/iinoe iiioaaea ethaie oi/ee e?eaieeiaeiie iiaa?oiinoe.

Aaeaioe?iaai iaoiae naiaiaeiiai auai?a noaioeee aeey eiio?iey i?iaeoiiai
iieiaeaiey iiaa?oiinoe iaiei/ee, yooaeoeaiinoue eioi?iai caeeth/aaony a
ioeaca io cae?aieaiey, eniieueciaaiey e nio?aiaiey a?iiicaeeie
eieaeueiie iii?iie naoe, /oi a oneiaeyo no?ieoaeueiie ieiuaaeee yaeyaony
aaconeiaiui iiceoeaiui iiiaioii. Enneaaeiaaia oi/iinoue ii?aaeaeaiey
ieaiiauo eii?aeeiao ioieoa, iieo/aiiuo eeiaeii-oaeiaie cana/eie ii aeaoi
enoiaeiui, eae iaeaieaa yooaeoeaiiai niiniaa ii?aaeaeaiey eii?aeeiao
oaoaiiao?a a iaoiaea naiaiaeiiai auai?a noaioeee.

Auiieiai ?an/ao iaiaoiaeeiie oi/iinoe oaeiauo e eeiaeiuo ecia?aiee aeey
auai?a i?eai?ia e iaoiaeeee auiieiaiey aaiaeace/aneeo ?aaio.

I?eaaaeai n?aaieoaeueiue aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia i?aae?an/aoa iieae
ia/aeueiuo ianiaa?oainoa ii ?ac?aaioaiiie iaoiaeeea n ?acoeueoaoaie
eniieieoaeueiie nuaiee aeey iaiei/ee-iie?uoey ?aai/ae noieiaie (a.Aaeay
Oea?eiaue) e eoiiea iaae ei?ionii i?aaei?eyoey aeaeaciiaei?iaeiuo
ia?aaicie (a.Eeaa).

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?an/ao oi/iinoe, aaiaeace/aneea ?aaiou, iaiei/ea,
iia?aoiinoue, oneeea, iieacaoaeue iaaeaaeiinoe.

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