EOOeUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

NOAIAITHE IENAIA IEEIEA?AIA

OAeE 631.331.85

IAA?OIOOAAIIss OAOIIEIA?*IIAI I?IOeANO OA IA?AIAO??A IIAAIAOE*IIAI
AIA?AOA OI*IIAI AEN?AO IAN?IIss CA?IIAEO EIEINIAEO EOEUeOO?

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.20.01-

Iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Eooeuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o Eooeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oaaaeee Ieeiea Noaiaiiae/,

Eooeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

?iaaoeinueeee Piiai Ieoaeeiae/,

Oa?iii?euenueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?i. ?aaia Ioethy,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Ianiiia Aaneeue Aiae??eiae/,

?inoeooo iaoai?caoe?? ? aeaeo?eo?eaoe??

n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa OAAI,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee eaai?aoi???

iin?aieo iaoei

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: — Iaoe?iiaeueiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao, i.Ee?a

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 3 eeiiy 1999 ?ieo i 1000 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 32.075.01 o Eooeueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 263018 i.Eooeuee, aoe.
Euea?anueea, 75, aoae.361.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 2 /a?aiy 1999 ?ieo

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee A.O.Ae?aeoo

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ca?iia? eieinia? eoeueoo?e a ca?iiaiio aaeain?
Oe?a?ie caeiathoue i?ia?aeia i?noea, ? oiio iaeaaaeeea?oei caaaeaiiyi ?
i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeaeiino? oa iie?auaiiy yeino? ca?ia i?e canoinoaaii?
?ioaineaieo oaoiieia?e ?o ae?iaieoeoaa. Iaeiei c iniiaieo oeyo?a
?ica’ycaiiy oeueiai caaaeaiiy ? aaeineiiaeaiiy ?nioth/eo niinia?a n?aae
oa oaoi?/ieo cania?a aeey ?o cae?eniaiiy c cai?iith ?yaeeiaiai niiniao
aen?ao ia oi/iee, ui aeanoue iiaeeea?noue a 1,5…2,0 ?ace cieceoe ii?io
aen?ao, noai?eoe iioeiaeuei? oiiae aeey i?i?inoaiiy ian?iiy ? ?icaeoeo
?ineei, oa ca ?aooiie oeueiai i?aeaeueoe a?iaeaei?noue ca?iiaeo
eieiniaeo eoeueoo? ia 10…15%. Aei oeueiai /ano canoinoaaiiy oi/iiai
aen?ao ia io?eiaei caaeia?eueiiai ae??oaiiy, ine?eueee ?nioth/? aen?ai?
aia?aoe ? ?o oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane ? iaaeineiiaeeie ? aeiaaathoue
iiaeaeueoeo aeine?aeaeaiue.

O ca’yceo c oeei aeooaeueiith i?iaeaiith ? aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai
i?ioeano iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao oa ia?aiao??a iiaaiaoe/iiai aen?aiiai
aia?aoa aeey eiai ?aae?caoe??.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ?
/anoeiith ?ia?o, aeeiiaieo o a?aeiia?aeiino? aei aea?aeaaieo
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?ia?ai AeEIOI c i??i?eoaoieo iai?yie?a ?icaeoeo iaoee
? oaoi?ee. Oeo? caaaeaiiy 21ae/a-96-97 “?ic?iaea ? aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?eno?i?a aeey ??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo
eoeueoo? ii ieiu? iiey ? aeeaei? ?o ca?iaee”.

Iaoa ?iaioe: ?ic?iaea oa aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo? iiaaiaoe/iei
aen?aiei aia?aoii oi/iiai aen?ao oa iaoai?ei-oaoiieia?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
eiai ia?aiao??a.

Caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy: oai?aoe/ii anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? i?ioeano
caiiaiaiiy eii??ie aen?aiiai aia?aoa ian?iiyi oa ?o oo?eiaiiy i?ae /an
o?ainii?ooaaiiy a ciio aen?ao; aecia/eoe aieea eiino?oeoeaieo ?
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a aen?aiiai aia?aoa ia i?ioean ??aiii??iino?
aen?ao ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo?; ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io
iiaeaeue oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaeiica?iiaiai a?aeai?o ian?iiy
ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo?; i?iaanoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy
iiaaiaoe/iiai aen?aiiai aia?aoa ? iioei?coaaoe eiai ia?aiao?e ? ?aaeeie
?iaioe; aeaoe aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy n?aaeee
oi/iiai aen?ao ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? aeine?aeaeaiue
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao anoaiiaeaii iniiai?
caeiiii??iino? iaoai?cio aoiaeaeaiiy ian?ieie a eii??eo, ?ic?iaeaii
oai?aoe/i? iniiae aecia/aiiy aieeao ciai?oi?o nee ia oo?eiaiiy ian?ieie
a i?ioean? ?? o?ainii?ooaaiiy a ciio aen?ao, io?eiaii oai?aoe/i? ?
aeia?eiaioaeuei? caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a aen?aiiai aia?aoa, ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao oa iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee
??aiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo ian?iiy ii ieiu? iiey.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie
oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?ic?iaeaii iiao
eiino?oeoe?th iiaaiaoe/iiai aia?aoa c eii?/iei aen?aiei aeaiaioii, yeee
caaacia/o? ye?nia aeeiiaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaeiica?iiaiai
aen?ao c aenieith ??aiii??i?noth ?iciiae?eo ii ieiu? iiey, ui caaacia/o?
i?e??no a?iaeath ia 4…5oe/aa. Canoinoaaiiy n?aaeee c ?ic?iaeaiei
aen?aiei aia?aoii a ii??aiyii? c ?yaeeiaith n?aaeeith ciaioo? ii?io
aen?ao a 1,5…2,0 ?ace. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?iaeaia?iiai ?ic?aooieo
aeicaiey? aea?aoe iioeiaeuei? cia/aiiy eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a aen?aiiai aia?aoa ? ?aaeei?a eiai ?iaioe.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?y ? naiino?eiith iaoeiaith
?iaioith, a yeo oa?eoee aeine?aeaeaiiy aaoi?a aeeiiai? ca ia??iae
iaa/aiiy a ani??aioo?? oa ?iaioe a EAeOO c 1993 ii 1998 ??e i?ae
ea??aieoeoaii eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaioa Oaaaeeea I.N.
Aaoi?ii aeine?aeaeaii oaoiieia?/iee i?ioean iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao
ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo?, ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue
oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano, aecia/aii aieea eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a iiaaia-oe/iiai aen?aiiai aia?aoa ia i?ioean ??aiii??iino?
aen?ao ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo?.

A ?iaioao aeeiiaieo o ni?aaaoi?noa? c Oaaaeeeii I.N. oai?aoe/ii
aeine?aeaeaii ?iaioo aaeooiiiai aia?aoa oi/iiai aen?ao, aeena?oaioo
iaeaaeeoue aecia/aiiy aieeao ciai?oi?o nee ia oo?eiaiiy ian?ieie a
eii??oe? a i?ioean? ?? o?ainii?ooaaiiy a ciio aen?ao.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ? io?eiaee iiceoeaio ioe?ieo ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo E?? (Eooeuee,
1993-1997??.), ia can?aeaii? a/aii? ?aaee iaoeiiaoae?aiiai oaeoeueoaoo
(Eooeuee, 1995?.), ia can?aeaii? aeeeaaea/?a ? ani??aio?a eaoaae?e
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai iaoeiiaoaeoaaiiy EAeOO (Eooeuee, 1999?.).
Iiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aoa caneooaiee a IAO ia ni?eueiiio
can?aeaii? eaoaae? NAI, iaoai?ee ? OII, o?aeoi??a ? aaoiiia?e?a.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii o 9
ae?oeiaaieo i?aoeyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa aeeth/a? anooi,
i’youe ?icae?e?a, caaaeuei? aeniiaee oa i?iiiceoe??, nienie aeei?enoaii?
e?oa?aoo?e (iaca 120, c ieo ?iicaiiith iiaith 11) oa aeiaeaoee.
Caaaeueiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 220 noi??iie, a oiio /ene? 140
noi??iie iniiaiiai oaenoo, ?enoie?a 57, oaaeeoeue 4.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Anooi. Iaa?oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue oaie, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe, a oaeiae iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia
caoeno.

?icae?e 1. Noai ieoaiiy oa caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy

I?iaaaeaii aiae?c iniiaieo oaeoi??a, yeee iieaco?, ui ia i?ioean
oi?ioaaiiy a?iaeath ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo? iaea?eueoa aieeaa?
??aiii??i?noue ?ici?uaiiy ian?iiy ii ieiu? iiey, yea aeinyaa?oueny i?e
oi/iiio aen?a? ? aieiaiei caaaeaiiyi, ui noaaeoueny ia?aae iaeiica?iiaei
aen?aii, ? cae?eniaiiy ??aiii??iiai ?ici?uaiiy ian?iiy ii ieiu? iiey.
Aeooaeuei?noue oeueiai caaaeaiiy, a ca’yceo c ?ioaineo?eaoe??th
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa iino?eii c?inoa? ? iaae eiai
ae??oaiiyi i?aoeth? aaaaoi aeine?aeiee?a.

Iaoeia? iniiae oi/iiai aen?ao ian?iiy aeeeaaeai? a i?aoeyo
N.A.Ea?aeaoaanueeiai, A.I.Aocaieiaa, A.I.*e/e?ia, A.N.Aan?ia,
E.A.Iiai??eiai, A.I.Aoaecy, A.A.Ce?yiiaa, A.A.Ianiiiaa ? ?ioeo a/aieo. A
nai?o aeine?aeaeaiiyo aiie ioiieee oe?iea eiei ieoaiue, ui noino?oueny
iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao ian?iiy ? iacaeaaeii iaeei a?ae iaeiiai i?eeoee
aei aeniiaeo – iniiaiei a ?iaio? aen?aiiai aia?aoa ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee
a?aea?? ian?iiy c caaaeueii? iane ? eiai o?ainii?ooaaiiy a ciio aen?ao.
Ieie anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeaoaeoeai?oei aen?aiei aia?aoii aeey cae?eniaiiy
iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao ? aaeooiiee aen?aiee aia?ao. Aea a na?oia?e
i?aeoeoe? ca?iia? n?aaeee oi/iiai aen?ao iiee ui ia ciaeoee
canoinoaaiiy, a?aeii? o?eueee aenia?eiaioaeuei? c?acee. Ia Oe?a?i?
n?aaeee oi/iiai aen?ao ciaoiaeyoueny ia noaae??
aeine?aeii-eiino?oeoi?nueeeo ?ic?iaie ? eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
ie?aieo c?ace?a. ?acii c oei, a?aeii? oai?aoe/i? ? aenia?eiaioaeuei?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue aeey caaacia/aiiy aen?ao oaoi?/ieo eoeueoo?
? io?eiai? aiae?oe/i? caeaaeiino? aeey aecia/aiiy neee i?eniieooaaiiy ?
aeeaeie ?ic??aeaeaiiy ana?aaeei? ?nioth/eo aen?aieo aia?ao?a oaeoe/ii ia
aeicaieythoue io?eiaoe cia/aiiy ia?aiao??a aeey iaae?eiiai
iaeiica?iiaiai a?aeai?o ? oo?eiaiiy ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo?
a eii??eao. O a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaiith iaoith a ?iaio?
ia?aaeaa/aeinue ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

Oai?aoe/ii anoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? iaoai?cio caiiaiaiiy eii??ie
aen?aiiai aia?aoa ian?iiyi oa ?o oo?eiaiiy i?ae /an o?ainii?ooaaiiy a
ciio aen?ao.

Aecia/eoe aieea eiino?oeoeaieo ? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a aen?aiiai
aia?aoa ia i?ioean ??aiii??iino? aen?ao ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo
eoeueoo?.

?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaeiica?iiaiai
a?aeai?o ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo?.

I?iaanoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy iiaaiaoe/iiai aen?aiiai
aia?aoa ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo? ? iioei?coaaoe eiai
ia?aiao?e ? ?aaeeie ?iaioe.

Aeaoe aeiiii?/io ioe?ieo aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy n?aaeee oi/iiai
aen?ao ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo?.

?icae?e 2. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy

a nooe?eueiiio ca?iiaiio oa??, nai?ie eii??eaie caoiieth? ian?iiy ?
aeiineoue eiai a ciio aen?ao. I?e oeueiio oeaio?e eii??ie, ui eaaeaoue a
iaei?e ai?eciioaeuei?e ieiuei?, ?ici?uai? ia ai?eciioaeueieo eieao,
?aae?one yeeo, a i??o ia?aoiaeo a?ae iaeiiai eiea aei ae?oaiai aiec
ciaioothoueny ? ?o i?i?iaeueia oa iaeneiaeueia cia/aiiy aecia/athoue ca
oi?ioeaie:

, (1)

— eoo iaoeeo oa??ii? aen?aiiai aeaiaioa.

?en. 1. ?ici?uaiiy eii??/ei ia eii?/i?e iiaa?oi? aen?aiiai aeaiaioa.

Iie?auaiiy i?ioeano ??aiii??iino? aen?ao caeaaeeoue a?ae yeino?
iaeiica?iiaiai a?aeai?o ian?iiy eii??eaie aen?aiiai aia?aoa c caaaeueii?
iane ian?iiy a aoiea?? ? ?o ?icaaioaaeaiiy.

?en. 2. Noaia ?ici?uaiiy ian?iiy a?ey iiaa?oi? aen?aiiai aeaiaioa

Anoaiiaeaii, ui ia i?ioean aoiaeaeaiiy ian?iei a eii??eo aieeaa? eiaiaee
Pe ? a?/iee ?a oene ca?iiaiai oa?o oa neee oa?oy Fa i?ae ian?ieiith
?ici?uaiith a eii??oe? ? ian?iiyi a aoiea??. Ia ?en. 2 i?eaaaeaii noaio
?icoaooaaiiy ian?iiy a?ey eii??ee i?e iaa?oaii? aen?aiiai aeaiaioa a
aoiea??, iieacaii iai?yiie ae?? nee a oi/eao eiioaeoo ian?iei ? io?eiaii
oi?ioee aeey aecia/aiiy ?o cia/aiue:

, (2)

, (3)

. (4)

— a?aenoaiue i?ae oeaio?aie eii??ie ia j-ai ?yaeo ian?iiy, li-
aeiaaeeia ian?ieie, yea ciaoiaeeoueny a eii??oe?, le- aeiaaeeia eii??ee,
b ? a – aaeeea ? iaea i?ain? ae?ina.

Ia ?en.3 iieacaii ia?a??c aeaeo caieo ia ian?ieio a eii??oe?
(?en.3, a), a ia (?en.3, a) ia?a??c aeaeo ii no??eoe? A. Aeae ian?ieie
caieo cia?aaeaiee o aeaeyae? eiea, a aeae ian?ieie ii no??eoe? A
iieacaiee ye ae?in. Ia noaiao i?iaaaeaia nenoaia eii?aeeiao xO1yz c
ii/aoeii a oeaio?? I1 ian?ieie 1, a?nue o i?iaaaeaia a iai?yieo ?ooo
oeaio?a ian?ieie ii aeioe/i?e aei eiai o?a?eoi???, a?nue y i?iaaaeaia a
iai?yieo ae?? i?eniieooth/i? neee, a a?nue z ia?iaiaeeeoey?ii ieiuei?
oI1o ii oa??i?e eiiona a iai?yieo i?ioeeaaeiiio in? iaa?oaiiy aen?aiiai
aeaiaioa.

Aeey aecia/aiiy aieeao i?eniieooth/i? neee ia ian?ieio aoei ?icaeyiooi
oiiao ??aiiaaae nee, ui ae?thoue ia ian?ieio i?e iaa?oaii? eii?/iiai
aen?aiiai aeaiaioa a nooe?eueiiio ca?iiaiio oa??, iaiaaeaiiio no?ieaie
aoiea?a, c yei? aoei aecia/aii neeo i?eniieooaaiiy ian?ieie aei eii??ee.

?en. 3. Noaia nee, ye? oo?eiothoue ian?ieio a eii??oe? aen?aiiai
aeaiaioa

?icaeyaeath/e ian?ieio ye oaa?aea o?ei, neeaaeaii ??aiyiiy
??aiiaaae ian?ieie a aeaeyae? noi i?iaeoe?e nee ia in? o, o ? z, a
oaeiae iiiaio?a nee a?aeiinii in? z.

; (5)

(6)

; (7)

(8)

?ica’ycaaoe nenoaio ??aiyiue, io?eiaee oi?ioeo aeey aecia/aiiy
i?eniieooth/i? neee, yea oo?eio? ian?ieio a eii??oe?.

(9)

iaa?oaiiy aen?aiiai aeaiaioa, eiai ?aae?ona r0 oaeiae ca?eueoo?oueny.
Oiio i?e oai?aoe/iiio aecia/aii? aaee/eie neee i?eniieooaaiiy a ae?ac
(9) iaiao?aeii i?aenoaaeyoe iaeneiaeuei? cia/aiiy aeua aeacaieo
ia?aiao??a.

iaoeeo oa??ii? aen?aiiai aeaiaioa i?e aenio? ca?iiaiai oa?o h=0,1-0,4i
ciaoiaeeoueny a iaaeao 200-400.

?en. 4. Caeaaei?noue i?eniieooth/i? neee a?ae eooa iaoeeo oa??ii?
aen?aiiai aeaiaioa i?e ??ci?e aenio? ca?iiaiai oa?o a aoiea?? oa
eooia?e oaeaeeino? iaa?oaiiy aen?aiiai aeaiaioa.

aea 1 — h1=0,1i; 2 — h2=0,2i; 3 — h3=0,3i; 4 —
h4=0,4i

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?icaeyiooi i?ioean aoiaeaeaiiy ian?ieie a
eii??eo. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oeyo, yeee i?ioiaeeoue ian?ieia a?ae iiiaioo
i?eniieooaaiiy aei ?icaaioaaeaiiy ? aeoaith caiiaiaiiy, yea
aecia/a?oueny c ae?aco

, (10)

— eooiaa oaeaee?noue iaa?oaiiy aen?aiiai aeaiaioa; t — /an caiiaiaiiy
eii??ee ian?ieiith; ?=0,12 — eiia??i?noue iaae?eiiai ?ici?uaiiy ian?ieie
a eii??oe?.

Aeey aecia/aiiy /ano t iaiao?aeiiai aeey caiiaiaiiy eii??ie
ian?ieiith ?icaeyiooi noaio nee, ye? ae?thoue ia ian?ieio i?e ??
aoiaeaeaii? a eii??eo, ?en. 5.

?en. 5. Noaia nee, ye? ae?thoue ia ian?ieio i?e ?? aoiaeaeaii? a eii??eo

?icaeyioaoe ?oo ian?ieie a ieiuei? oI1o (?en. 5) neeaee
aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? ??aiyiiy ?ooo ian?ieie a i?iaeoe?yo ia in? o1 oa o1:

;(11)

; (12)

aea ?e — neea eiaiaiai oeneo, yea caooiaoo? ian?ieio a eii??eo;
Fo? — neea oa?oy i?ae ian?ieiith ? e?a?i eii??ee a oi/oe? A;
?i?i — i?eniieooth/a neea, yea i?eoyao? ian?ieio c oa?o ian?iiy
aoiea?a aei eii??ee; ?aoe — a?aeoeaio?iaa neea; ?a — neea a?/iiai
oeneo c? noi?iie oa?o ian?iiy ca?iiaiai aoiea?a; Fa – neea oa?oy i?ae
ian?ieiith ?ici?uaiith a eii??oe? ? ian?iiyi a aoiea??; N — neea
?aaeoe?? c aieo eii??ee ia ian?ieio.

I?i?ioaa?oaaaoe ae?ace (11) ? (12), io?eiaee ??aiyiiy:

(13)

C a?aooaaiiyi ae?ac?a (2), (3), (4) aecia/aii t, yeee iaiao?aeiee aeey
caiiaiaiiy eii??ie ian?iiyi

, (14)

?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui iaeneiaeueiee /an aoiaeaeaiiy ian?ieie a eii??eo
noaiiaeoue t=0,045n, ui a?aeiia?aea? aeiaaeei? aeoae naeoi?a caiiaiaiiy
L=0,12i.

?icae?e 3. I?ia?aia ? iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue

I?eaaaeaia i?ia?aia aeine?aeaeaiue, iienaii eaai?aoi?io onoaiiaeo (?en.
6) ? iaoiaeeeo i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue.

I?ia?aiith aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/aii: aecia/eoe
iai?yiie ia?ai?uaiiy ian?iiy i?ae /an iaa?oaiiy aen?aiiai aeaiaioa;
aecia/eoe aieea oi?ie eii??ee ia ye?noue ?o caiiaiaiiy ian?iiyi;
aecia/eoe aieea eooa iaoeeo oa??ii? eii?/iiai aen?aiiai aeaiaioa,
eooiai? oaeaeeino? eiai iaa?oaiiy, aeeaeie ?ic??aeaeaiiy ana?aaeei?
aen?aiiai aeaiaioa, aenioe ca?iiaiai oa?o a aoiea?? ia i?ioean
??aiii??iiai aen?ao ian?iiy acaeiaae ?yaeea; aecia/eoe
iaeneiaeueii-aeiionoeio aeiaaeeio aeoae naeoi?a caiiaiaiiy eii??ie
aen?aiiai aeaiaioa ian?iiyi; ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ioe?iee ??aiii??iino?
?iciiae?eo ian?iiy ii ieiu? iiey.

?ici?uaiiy ian?iiy ii ieiu? iiey.

Aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue aoei ?ic?iaeaii ? aeaioiaeaii
aenia?eiaioaeueio onoaiiaeo n?aaeee oi/iiai aen?ao c iiaeie
iiaaiaoe/ieie aen?aieie aia?aoaie. Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeenue ye o
eaai?aoi?ieo oae ? a iieueiaeo oiiaao.

?en. 6. Noaia eaai?aoi?ii? onoaiiaee aen?aiiai aia?aoa

aea 1 – aoiea?; 2 – aen?aiee aeaiaio; 3 – eii??ee; 4 – ei?ion; 5 –
aeaeaoi; 6 – a?aen?ea/ aaeooio; 7 – ian?ii?i?ia?ae; 8 –
aaioeeyoi?; 9 – ?ooiia iieioii; 10 — iaiiiao?

?icae?e 4. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue

iaoeeo oa??ii? a iaaeao 200-300 (?en.7), a canoinoaaiiy aen?aiiai
aeaiaioa ?aae?onii a?eueoa 0,20…0,25i ? iaaeioe?eueiei, ine?eueee
iiaeaeueoa i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiii??iino? aen?ao ? iacia/iei, a
iaoa??aeii?noe?noue eiino?oeoe?? aen?aiiai aia?aoa ??cei c?inoa?.

=91-93%.

Aeine?aeaeoth/e aieea aenioe ca?iiaiai oa?o ia i?ioean ??aiii??iiai
?ici?uaiiy ian?i-iy ii ieiu? iiey iii?oeee, ui aenioa h1 ca?iiaiai oa?o
a aoiea?? iaae ??aiai aa?oiuei? iniiae aen?aiiai aeaiaioa ia an?o
?aaeeiao ?iaioe, i?aeoe/ii ia aieeaa? ia ??aiii??i?noue aen?ao,
ine?eueee i?e iioneaii? ca?iiaiai oa?o aei

i?i?iaeueiiai cia/aiiy 0,01i ??aiy aa?oiuei? iniiae aen?aiiai aeaiaioa,
ca?iiaee oa? ciaoiaeeoueny a ?ooiiiio noai? ? ii no?ieao aoiea?a
nei/o?oueny aei eii??/ei, ui iieaaoo? i?ioean iaeiica?iiaiai a?aeai?o
ian?iiy.

Aea a?aoiaoth/e ?aeue?o iiey, yeee i?iyaey?oueny i?e nioneo ? i?aeeii?
n?aaeee, aa?oiy /anoeia aen?aiiai aeaiaioa iiaea /anoeiai iaieeoeny ?
aa?oi?e ?yae eii??ie ia aoaea caiiaiaiee. Oiio, uia oieeiooe i?iione?a
iaiao?aeii, uia i?i?iaeueii-aeiionoeiee ??aaiue ca?iiaiai oa?o a aoiea??
iaae aa?oiueith iniiaith aen?aiiai aeaiaioa noaiiaea ia iaioa
0,01…0,03i. Aenioa caa??ii? eaia?e h2 i?ae ieaeiueith iniiaith aoiea?a
iiaeiia noaiiaeoe 0,04…0,05i, ui caaacia/o? 98% caiiaiaiiy eii??/ei
ian?iiyi.

A ?acoeueoao? ?aae?caoe?? aaaaoioaeoi?iiai aenia?e-iaioo io?eiaii
iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue i?ioeano aen?ao o aeaeyae? ??aiyiiy ?aa?an??
ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo, yea aeaei iiaeeea?noue ioe?ieoe aieea ia?aiao??a
aia?aoa ia ??aiii??i?noue aen?ao ian?iiy ioaieoe?:

o=52,93+0,66o1-0,76o2+0,22o3-0,14o1o2-0,008o1o3+0,012o2o3
+3,54o11+3,53o22

aea o1, o2, o3 – eiaeiaai? cia-/aiiy oaeoi??a, a?aeiia?aeii o1 —
?ic??aeaeaiiy ana?aaeei? aen?aiiai aeaiaioa; o2 – aenioa ca?iiaiai oa?o
a aoiea??; o3 — eooiaa oaeae-e?noue iaa?oaiiy aen?aiiai aeaiaioa.

Ca oeeie ??aiyiiyie iiaoaeiaai? iiaa?oi? a?aeaoeo (?en.9), ye?
iieacothoue caeaae-i?noue ??aiii??iino? aen?ao a?ae

eiai iaa?oaiiy.

=3?aae/n, aeeaeia ?ic??aeaeaiiy I=450Ia, a aenioa ca?iiaiai oa?o
ian?iiy a aoiea?? h =0,03i.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii aecia/aiith aieeao aeeaeie caai?oaiiy
ian?iiy ia iieueiao noiae?noue iieacaee, ui i?e aeeaei? caai?oaiiy 2…3ni
iieueiaa noiae?noue noaiiaeoue 96,2%.

?icae?e 5. ?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue oa ?o aeiiii?/ia
aoaeoeai?noue

Aei?iaoaaiiy n?aaeee oi/iiai aen?ao c ?ic?iaeaiei iiaaiaoe/iei aen?aiei
aia?aoii i?iaiaeeee ia iieyo ENI “I?ia?an” Eooeueeiai ?aeiio Aieeinueei?
iaeano?.

Iieueia? aei?iaoaaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue o 1996-1998 ?ieao c aen?aii ian?iiy
iceii? ioaieoe? “Ie?ii?anueea-61” ia ieiu? 6 aa. Aeaa aeaioiaeaieo
aen?aieo aia?ao?a anoaiiaethaaeenue ia aenia?eiaioaeuei?e n?aaeoe? c
oe?eiith i?ae?yaeue 0,05i oa oe?eiith caoaaoo 2,1i.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aei?iaoaaiue iieacaee iaae?eio ?iaioo aen?aieo
aia?ao?a, aenieo ??aiii??i?noue ?iciiae?eo ian?iiy ii ieiu? iiey, yea
noaiiaeea 89,4%. A ii??aiyii? c ?yaeiaei aen?aii, oi/iee ?iciiae?e
ian?iiy i?e ii?i? aen?ao 3,1 iei.oo./aa caaacia/ea i?e??no a?iaeath
ca?ia ia 5,5 oe/aa. ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo noaiiaeoue 458,6 a?i/aa.

AENIIAEE

Aiae?c iniiaieo oaeoi??a, ye? aieeaathoue ia i?ioean oi?ioaaiiy a?iaeath
ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo? iieacaa, ui iaea?eueoee aieea ia?
??aiii??i?noue ?ici?uaiiy ian?iiy ii ieiu? iiey, yea aeinyaa?oueny i?e
iaeiica?iiaiio oi/iiio aen?a?. Aeey cae?eniaiiy iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao
ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo? iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei oaoi?/iei
caniaii ? iiaaiaoe/iee aia?ao c eii?/iei aen?aiei aeaiaioii anoaiiaeaiei
ia aa?oeeaeuei?e in? ? iai?aaeaiei a?no?yi aei iiaa?oi? iiey.

) ia?aiao??a aen?aiiai aia?aoa.

aen?aiiai aeaiaioa aei 3?aae/n ian?ieia iaae?eii oo?eio?oueny a
eii??oe? ? o?ainii?oo?oueny aei ciie ?icaaioaaeaiiy aac i?eniieooth/i?
neee. ?c ca?eueoaiiyi eooiai? oaeaeeino? aei 5…6?aae/n ??cei c?inoa?
a?aeoeaio?iaa neea, yea a?ae?eaa? ian?ieio a?ae eii??ee ? aeey
caaacia/aiiy iaae?eiiai iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao neea i?eniieooaaiiy
iiaeiia noaiiaeoe ia iaioa 0,06I.

C iaoith caaacia/aiiy noia?aenioeiaiai caiiaiaiiy eii??ie ian?iiyi
aenioa caa??ii? eaia?e i?ae ieaeiueith iniiaith iiaeiia noaiiaeoe ia
iaioa 0,05…0,06i, a aeiaaeeia aeoae naeoi?a iaoaaoo aen?aiiai aeaiaioa
ia iaeiaioiio eie? ?ici?uaiiy eii??ie – ia iaioa 0,12i.

=300.

??aiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo ian?iiy ii ieiu? iiey anoaiiaeoe, ui
iioeiaeueia eooiaa oaeaee?noue iaa?oaiiy aen?aiiai aeaiaioa noaiiaeoue 3
?aae/n, ui a?aeiia?aea? ?iai/?e oaeaeeino? n?aaeee 4 ei/aiae, aeeaeia
?ic??aeaeaiiy – 450 Ia, a aenioa ca?iiaiai oa?o ian?iiy a aoiea?? iiaea
iioneaoenue aei i?i?iaeueii-aeiionoeiiai ??aiy h =0,03i.

?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?iaeaia?iiai ?ic?aooieo aen?aiiai aia?aoa aeicaiey?
c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth aecia/eoe iniiai? eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieia?/i?
ia?aiao?e eii?/iiai aen?aiiai aeaiaioa oae? ye ?aae?one e?e ? e?ie
?ici?uaiiy eii??ie oa ?o e?euee?noue, aeeaeio ?ic??aeaeaiiy.

?acoeueoaoe iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue iieacaee, ui aeei?enoaiiy
iiaaiaoe/ieo aia?ao?a c eiionieie aen?aieie aeaiaioaie caaacia/o?
i?aeaeuaiiy a?iaeaeiino? ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo? a ii??aiyii? c
?yaeeiaei aen?aii ia 5,5oe/aa ? noai?eee ia?aaeoiiae aeey cieaeaiiy
ii?ie aen?ao a 1,5?ace. I/?eoaaiee ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo neeaaea?
458,6 a?i. ia iaeio n?aaeeo oi/iiai aen?ao.

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe

Noaiaithe I.I. Aiae?c eiino?oeoeaieo ??oaiue aia?ao?a aeey oi/iiai
aen?ao ca?iiaeo eoeueoo? // Iaoeia? iioaoee. – Eooeuee 1993.
n. 134-142.

Noaiaithe I.I. I?i aca?iiae?th eii??ie eii?/iiai aen?aiiai aia?aoa c
ian?ieiaie eoeueeiiiae?aii? oi?ie // N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie. –
Eooeuee 1997. n.192-207.

Noaiaithe I.I. Aiae?c aca?iiae?? eii??ie eii?/iiai aen?aiiai aia?aoa c
ian?ieiaie ae?ini?aeii? oi?ie // N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie. –
Eooeuee 1997. n. 167-192.

Oaaaeee I.N., Aa?aiia A.A., Noaiaithe I.I. Aecia/aiiy neee
i?eniieooaaiiy ian?ieie aei eii??ee aen?aiiai aeaiaioa c iaoeeaiith
a?nnth iaa?oaiiy // N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie. – Eooeuee 1995.
n. 206-227.

Oaaaeee I.N., Noaiaithe I.I. Aecia/aiiy neee i?eniieooaaiiy ian?ieie aei
eii??ee eii?/iiai aen?aiiai aeaiaioa c aa?oeeaeueiith a?nnth iaa?oaiiy
// N?euenueeiainiiaea?nuee? iaoeie. – Eooeuee 1995. n. 227-242.

Oaaaeee I.N., Noaiaithe I.I. Iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy
eiino?oe-oeaii-oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a aaeooiiiai aia?aoa c eii?/iei
aen?aiei aeaiaioii //Oace aeanyoi? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe??
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo E??. Eooeuee – 1995. n 150-152.

Oaaaeee I.N., Aa?aiia A.A., Noaiaithe I.I. ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue aaeooiiiai aia?aoa oi/iiai aen?ao ian?iiy c iaoeeaiith
a?nnth iaa?oaiiy //Oace aeanyoi? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe??
i?ioani?nueei-aeeea-aeaoeueeiai neeaaeo E??. Eooeuee – 1995. n. 153-155.

Oaaaeee I.N., Noaiaithe I.I. ?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aaeooiiiai eii?/iiai aia?aoa oi/iiai aen?ao ian?iiy c aa?oeeaeueiith
a?nnth iaa?oaiiy //Oace aeanyoi? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ii? eiioa?aioe??
i?ioani?nueei-aeeea-aeaoeueeiai neeaaeo E??. Eooeuee – 1995. n. 156-158.

I?aenoieiaee ca?o i?i iaoeiai-aeine?aeio ?iaioo, ii aea?aeaeiaia??i?e
oai? “?ic?iaea ? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?eno?i?a aeey ??aiii??iiai ?iciiae?eo
ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo? ii ieiu? iiey ? aeeaei? ?o ca?iaee”.

AIIOAOe??

Noaiaithe I.I. Iaa?oiooaaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano oa ia?aiao??a
iiaaiaoe/iiai aia?aoa oi/iiai aen?ao ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo
eoeueoo?.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ii niaoe?aeueiino? 05.20.01 — Iaoai?caoe?y n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa. Eooeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao. Eooeuee,
1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi oai?aoe/iiai oa aenia?e-iaioaeueiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano iaeiica?iiaiai aen?ao ian?iiy
ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo?. Iaa?oioiaaii aieea
eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a iiaaiaoe/iiai aen?aiiai aia?aoa
ia i?ioean ??aiii??iino? ?iciiae?eo ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo?
ii ieiu? iiey. ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue oaoiieia?/iiai i?ioeano
iaeiica?iiaiai a?aeai?o ian?iiy. Aei?iaoaaiiy n?aaeee oi/iiai aen?ao
ian?iiy ca?iiaeo eieiniaeo eoeueoo? iieacaee aoaeoeai?noue ?iaioe
iiaaiaoe/ieo aen?aieo aia?ao?a.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ian?iiy, iiaaiaoe/iee aen?aiee aia?ao, aen?aiee aeaiaio,
n?aaeea oi/iiai aen?ao, ??aiii??i?noue ?ici?uaiiy ian?iiy, eoo iaoeeo
oa??ii?.

Noaiaithe I.I. Iainiiaaiey oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna e ia?aiao?ia
iiaaiaoe/aneiai aiia?aoa oi/iiai aunaaa naiyi ca?iiauo eieiniauo
eoeueoo?. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.20.01 – Iaoaiecaoeey naeueneioicyenoaaiiiai
i?iecaiaenoaa. Eooeeee ainoaea?noaaiiue oaoie/aneee oieaa?neoao. Eooee,
1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai oai?aoe/aneiai e yenia?eiaioaeueiiai
enneaaeiaaiey oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna iaeiica?iiaiai aunaaa naiyi
ca?iiauo eieiniauo eoeueoo?. Iainiiaaii aeeyiea
eiino?oeoeaii-oaoiieiae/aneeo ia?aiao?ia iiaaiaoe/aneiai aunaaathuaai
aiia?aoa ia i?ioeann ?aaiiia?iinoe ?ani?aaeaeaiey naiyi ca?iiauo
eieiniauo eoeueoo? ii ieiuaaee iiey. ?ac?aaioaia iaoaiaoe/aneay iiaeaeue
oaoiieiae/aneiai i?ioeanna iaeiica?iiaiai ioai?a naiyi. Eniuoaiea nayeee
oi/iiai aunaaa naiyi ca?iiauo eieiniauo eoeueoo? iieacaee yooaeoeaiinoue
?aaiou iiaaiaoe/aneeo aunaaathueo aiia?aoia.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: naiaia, iiaaiaoe/aneee aunaaathuee aiia?ao, aunaaathuee
yeaiaio, nayeea oi/iiai aunaaa, ?aaiiia?iinoue ?ani?aaeaeaiey naiyi,
oaie iaeeiia ia?acothuae.

Stepanyk O. The substantiations of technological process and parameters
pneumatic apparatus of exact sowing of seeds of grain cereal crops. –
Manuscript.

Dissertation is submitted for candidate degree of technical sciences,
speciality 05.20.01 — Mechanization of agricultural production — Lutsk
State Technical University, Lutsk, 1999.

Dissertation is devoted to questions of theoretical and experimental
research of technological process sowing of grain cereal crops and is
constructive-technological of parameters of work pneumatic sowing
apparatus, their influence to process of uniform of distribution of
seeds of grain cereal crops on square of a field is certain. The
mathematical model of technological process of an one-grain selection
seeds is developed. Test of a seeder of exact sowing of seeds of grain
cereal crops have shown an overall performance pneumatic sowing
apparatus.

Key words: seeds, pneumatic sowing apparatus, sowing an element, seeder
of exact sowing, uniform of distribution of seeds, angle of declination
forming.

ian?iiy a?ae aeiaaeeie aeoae L naeoi?a caiiaiaiiy eii??ie

1 – ioaieoey; 2 – aeeoi; 3 — y/i?iue

oa??ii? aen?aiiai aeaiaioa

1 – ioaieoey; 2 – aeeoi; 3 — y/i?iue

?en.9. Iiaa?oi? a?aeaoeo iaoaiaoe/ii? iiaeae?

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