1

IAOe?IIAEUeIEE OI?AA?NEOAO O?CE*IIAI AEOIAAIIss ? NII?OO OE?A?IE

AEUeIAAEAeAEAA? ANAAAe THNAO

OAeE 796 – 053.7.

IAA?OIOOAAIIss NENOAIE IOe?ITHAAIIss OA II?IAOEA?A

O?CE*II? I?AeAIOIAEAIINO? THIAE?A-NOA?OIEEANIEE?A IAEANOEIE

24.00.02 – O?ce/ia eoeueoo?a, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe c o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ?
nii?oo Oe?a?ie, Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa
nii?oo.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio AeAAEAeAIEI
IEAIA A?OAE??AIA, aeioeaio eaoaae?e oai??? ? iaoiaeeee o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo
Oe?a?ie,

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ssUAIEI AEEA
A?EAI??AIA, aieiaiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Aea?aeaaiiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai ?inoeoooo o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A?AO`?A AAEA??E AAI?A??AE*,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy Iaoe?iiaeueiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. I.I. Ae?aaiiaiiaa.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo o?ce/ii?
eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo, Aea?aeaaiee eii?oao Oe?a?ie c o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa
nii?oo, i. Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 24 ” a?oaeiy 1999 ?. i 14 aiae. 30 oa. ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.829.01 o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
oi?aa?neoao? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie (252150, i. Ee?a-150,
aoe. O?ceoeueoo?e, 1).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie (252150, i. Ee?a —
150, aoe. O?ceoeueoo?e, 1).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 23 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoeA.A. NioeuenueeeeCAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA
?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue. Ca inoaii? aeanyoee?ooy o na?o? c?inoa? oaiaeaioe?y aei
ciaioaiiy ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, iniaeeai na?aae iieiae?,
iaa?oue o oaeeo aeniei ?icaeiooeo e?a?iao na?oo, ye NOA, Aaeeeia?eoai?y,
Eaiaaea, O?ieyiae?y (H.Lerch, 1991; J.Beer,1991 oa ?i.).

Iaeiie/aiee aei iei?oiueiai /ano aenia?eiaioaeueiee iaoa??ae
aeiaiaeeoue, ui iniaeeai? cia/ouino? iaaoaa? i?ioean ?icaeoeo ?ooiaeo
cae?aiinoae, ye? caaacia/othoue iioeiaeueiee ??aaiue o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino?, iaiao?aeiee aeey aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. I?iaeaia o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? ianaeaiiy — iaeia c iaea?eueo aaaeeeaeo i?iaeai
ci?oeiaiiy aea?aeaae (Aeiiaoaiei Ae.A., 1998), ine?eueee ??aaiue
o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? cia/iith i??ith aecia/a?oueny ??aiai
ooieoe?iioaaiiy nenoai i?aai?cio, oiaoi noaiii caei?ia`y (Uaae??ia A.A.,
1985; ?aauaiei E.ss. No?aiei I.I., 1988; ?eue?i ?.I.,1994; Eaaeaoiaa
A.A., Eaaa/eia A.A., Iaia?a A.A., 1996 oa ?i.).

*anoea iieiae? o neeaae? ianaeaiiy e?a?i a?aanueeiai ?aa?iio, o ca`yceo
c aea?aeaaiith aeaiia?ao?/iith iie?oeeith, cia/ii aeua, i?ae o ?ioeo
e?a?iao (?.E Iaaeaeeae, 1998). O i?aeoeoe? oe?eueiiai o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy Iaeanoeie a?aenooi? e?eoa??? ioe?ithaaiiy o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? o/i?a, ioe?iea oni?oiino? noa`?eoeaia, ui oo?oaeith?
eiio?ieue ca icaei?ia/ith aoaeoeai?noth o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o oeieao
e?a?ie.

O ca’yceo c aeuacacia/aiei i?iaeaia iaa?oiooaaiiy oa ?ic?iaee ioe?iee
o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa oni?oiino? c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy
noa?oieeaniee?a aea?aeaaieo oe?e Iaeanoeie o iei?oi?e /an ?
aeooaeueiith.

Nooi?iue iaoeiai? ?ic?iaee i?iaeaie.

O niaoe?aeuei?e e?oa?aoo?? ieoaiiyi ioe?iee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
i?enay/aii /eiaei iaoeiaeo ?ia?o, o yeeo aaoi?e i?iiiiothoue nai?
aa??aioe iaoiaeeee ioe?ithaaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa oni?oiino?
aeey ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy ??cieo ?aa?ii?a na?oo (I. Aeaaoo, 1982;
Aiiaea?aanueeee ?.ss., 1983; ?aoaoi?eia I.A., 1990; Y. Kawahara, T.
Hatareyata e.a., 1991; K.R. Fox, S.J. Biddle, 1988; K.Iao?ae, N. Aeaeca?
oa ?i., 1992 oa ?i.). Aeine?aeiee?a ana a?eueoa oe?eaaeyoue e?euee?ni?
oa ye?ni? oa?aeoa?enoeee caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie c o?aooaaiiyi
?iaeea?aeoaeueieo iniaeeainoae o/i?a (K.R. Fox, 1984; I?enyaeithe N.I.,
1997; E?ooeaae/ O.TH., 1999 oa ?i.).

Ia aeoieo aaaaoueio niaoe?ae?no?a o aaeoc? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa
iaaeeoeeie ioe?iea o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iiaeiia ianoe ?ioi?iaoe?th
i?i icaei?ia/o aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o oeie?.
Iaeiei c e?eoa???a ioe?iee oni?oiino? iiaeiia noaoe caei?ia`y o/i?a
(O?eieiaa A.A., Oa?aa? Ae.A., 1987; Iao?ae E. c? ni?aaao., 1992 oa ?i.).

I?iaaaeaiee aiae?c niaoe?aeueii? e?oa?aoo?e na?ae/eoue i?i oa, ui, ia
aeeaey/enue ia cia/io e?euee?noue iaoeiaeo ?ia?o ca i?iaeaiith ?ic?iaee
oa iaa?oiooaaiiy ii?iaoea?a o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeey ??cieo a?oi
ianaeaiiy ?aa?ii?a na?oo, i?aeoe/ii a?aenooi? aeai? i?i aeine?aeaeaiiy,
i?iaaaeai? ca o/anoth oeiey??a e?a?i a?aanueeiai ?aa?iio. Ie?ai? ieoaiiy
oe??? i?iaeaie eeoa o?aaiaioa?ii iaaiaeyoueny o a?aeiinii iaaaeee?e
e?eueeino? aeena?oaoe?eieo ?ia?o oa aeo?iaeueieo noaoae, aea ? o?
a?aeiinii eiioeiaaioo thieo nii?oniai?a (Oa?oeae O.O. Aaaan, 1996 oa
?i.). Na?aae aaeeei? e?eueeino? iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?aeoiae?a uiaei
?ic?iaee oe?eueieo iaa/aeueieo ii?iaoea?a ia?aaaaeathoue i?aeoiaee, ye?
a?oioothoueny ia ??ciiiai?oiino? aeei?enoaieo iaoiae?a noaoenoe/ii?
ia?iaee aeaieo iaaeaaia?/iiai oanooaaiiy, a aea?? eiio?ieueieo ai?aa
iaa?oioiao?oueny ?ioi?iaoeai?noth ?acoeueoao?a o oanoao a?aeiinii
aeyaeaiiy eiie?aoii? ?ooiai? yeino?, aac ni?anoaaeaiiy c iieacieeaie
caei?ia`y, a oie /an, eiee ci?oeiaiiy caei?ia`y, aeinyaiaiiy
noaa?eueiiai eiai ??aiy ? iaoith o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy iieiae?.

I?aeoeeith oe?eueiiai o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy Iaeanoeie ia ia?aaeaa/aia
i?iaaaeaiiy iaaeaaia?/iiai oanooaaiiy, o I?ia?ai? c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy
a?aenooi? iaa/aeuei? ii?iaoeae oa ioe?ii/i? e?eoa??? i?aeoe/iiai aieo
ae?yeueiino? o/i?a ia o?ieao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy.

Aiae?c aeaieo iaoeiai? e?oa?aoo?e aaoi??a e?a?i a?aanueeiai ?aa?iio c
ieoaiue ioe?ithaaiiy ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa oni?oiino? c
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeicaieeee c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i a?aenooi?noue
iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaie oe??? i?iaeaie aeey iao?aiiaaieo o/i?a O-OI eean?a
/ieia?/eo oe?e Iaeanoeie. Iniiai? ?ic?iaee iaeaaeaoue ?aeiaonueeei oa
ei?aeainueeei oao?aoeyi, ?acii c oeei e?oa?aoo?i? aeaea?aea i?enay/ai?
ocaaaeueiaiith na?oiaiai aeina?aeo o aaeoc? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo.

Ca`ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Ia?aiee iai?yiie
aeine?aeaeaiue a?aeiia?aea? oai? 2.2.1 (iiia? aea?aeaaii? ?a?no?aoe??
0196010542) Caaaeaiiai ieaio IAe? Aea?aeaaiiai Eii?oaoo Oe?a?ie c
o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e oa nii?oo ia 1996-2000 ??., i?iaeaia 2.2. «Nenoaia
caaacia/aiiy ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oa ianiaiai nii?oo», yea ?ic?iaey?oueny
o Iaoe?iiaeueiiio oi?aa?neoao? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo Oe?a?ie.

Iaoa ?iaioe — ?ic?iaea oa iaa?oiooaaiiy nenoaie ioe?ithaaiiy o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa iiaeeo?eaoe?y ioe?iee oni?oiino?
thiae?a-noa?oieeaniee?a c iaoith iioei?caoe?? i?ioeano o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy o oeieao Iaeanoeie.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe ae??ooaaeeny oae? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiee noaoon, ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ie?aieo
?ooiaeo yeinoae, aeiaiai? ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? oa o?ce/ii?
i?aoeacaeaoiino? thiae?a-o/i?a O — O?I-o eean?a oe?e Iaeanoeie.

2. Aea/eoe aca?iica`ycie oa?aeoa?enoee o?ce/iiai noaio aeine?aeaeoaaiiai
eiioeiaaioo c iaoith ?ic?iaee eiiieaeno oano?a oa ioe?iee o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? thiae?a-noa?oieeaniee?a.

C. ?ic?iaeoe oa iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe nenoaio ioe?ithaaiiy o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa iiaeeo?eoaaoe ioe?ieo oni?oiino? ca iaa/aeueiei
i?aaeiaoii “o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy” c iaoith ?? ia`?eoea?caoe?? aeey o/i?a
O-O?? eean?a /ieia?/eo oe?e Iaeanoeie.

4. Aea/eoe ?ioi?iaoeai?noue oa /ooeea?noue ?ic?iaeaii? nenoaie
ioe?ithaaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa oni?oiino? ia i?aenoaa? ??
aeei?enoaiiy o i?ioean? oe?eueiiai o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa o?ce/iiai
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy iaeanoeinueeeo thiae?a a?eii 15 – 19 ?ie?a. ?ic?iaeoe
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

— aia?oa i?e ?ic?iaoe? oe?eueieo iaa/aeueieo ii?iaoea?a o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeei?enoaii i?eioeei icaei?ia/i? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e
aeey i?aeai?o oano?a ia i?aea?oio? aca?iica’yceo i?ae ??aiai aeyaeaiiy
?ooiaeo yeinoae oa ooieoe?iiaeueieie iieacieeaie i?aai?cio. Oaeee
i?aeo?ae aeicaiey? ia`?eoeaii ioe?ithaaoe icaei?ia/o aoaeoeai?noue
i?ioeano o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy;

— anoaiiaeaii iia? iaoeia? oaeoe, ye? na?ae/aoue i?i iniaeeaino?
o?ce/iiai noaio iaeanoeinueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a o ii??aiyii? c
?a?iiaenueeeie. Aaeaioaoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? i?aai?cio noa?oieeaniee?a
Iaeanoeie oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ye caaeia?euei? (ca iaoiaeeeith Aa?anueeiai
?.I. c? ni?aaao., 1982), aea iecuee? cia/aiiy aeeoo?ai? ?iiino? eaaaiue
oa ?acoeueoao?a i?ia ?c cao?eieith aeeoaiiy ca aeniei? /anoioe aeeoaiiy
oa ciaioaiiy aa?iaieo cae?aiinoae ? iaei??th c aieiaieo i?e/ei iecueeiai
??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?;

— iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii iiao iaoiaeeeo ioe?ithaaiiy oni?oiino? c
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy noa?oieeaniee?a Iaeanoeie, yea ae?aaea?oueny o
oi?ioe? ioe?ithaaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? c aeei?enoaiiyi iii?aaieo
eiao?oe??io?a oa caioi/oaaeueieo aae?a ca aeinyaioo? oni?oe i?ioyaii
iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo. Oi?ioea aeicaiey? aaanoe ia`?eoeaiee e?euee?niee
iieaciee o nenoaio noa`?eoeaii? ioe?iee oni?oiino?, yea canoiniao?oueny
o oeieao Iaeanoeie.

I?aeoe/ia cia/ei?noue ?iaioe iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e, ye?
aeicaieythoue e?euee?nii ? ia`?eoeaii ioe?ieoe ??aaiue o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa oni?oi?noue c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, a oaeiae
eiio?iethaaoe icaei?ia/o aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o
oeieao. ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? i?ecia/ai? aeey niaoe?ae?no?a c o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy oa noa?oieeaniee?a aea?aeaaieo /ieia?/eo oe?e Iaeanoeie.
?aae?caoe?y ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e cae?eniaia o i?aeoeoe? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano
oeiee Aao Oaaeaea oa o nenoai? nii?oeaii? oa o?ceoeueoo?ii-icaei?ia/i?
?iaioe eeoao Aeaeaaae?y Naeoi?o Aaca (Iaeanoeia), i?i ui na?ae/aoue aeoe
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa iieyaa? o aeai?? iai?yieo aeine?aeaeaiue,
iinoaiiaoe? caaaeaiue, aiae?c? aeaea?ae e?oa?aoo?e c aeine?aeaeoaaii?
i?iaeaie, i?iaaaeaii? iaaeaaia?/iiai oanooaaiiy oa ooieoe?iiaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue o oeieao Naeoi?o Aaca /Iaeanoeia/, aiae?c? noaoenoe/iiai
iaoa??aeo, ai?iaaoe?? aeena?oaoe?eieo ?ic?iaie oa iaienaii?
aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
i?aaenoaaeaii o aeaio aeiiia?aeyo ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo eaoaae?e
oai???, iaoiaeeee oa i?aai?caoe?? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy Oe?a?inueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo, a oaeiae ia
iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? eaoaae?e aaeaieia??, oai??? oa iaoiaeeee o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy Iaoe?iiaeueiiai oi?aa?neoaoo o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo
Oe?a?ie.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?eieo aeine?aeaeaiue
iioae?eiaaii o i`yoe noaooyo i?ia?aeieo iaoeiaeo oa niaoe?ae?ciaaieo
aeaeaiiyo oa o iaoa??aeao /ioe?ueio caaaeueiioe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?th aeeeaaeaii ia 176 noi??ieao
eiii`thoa?ii? aa?noee, aiia neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i`yoe ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e. Ia?ae?e aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e
neeaaeathoue 245 aeaea?ae, c yeeo 61 — ?iicaiia. Aeena?oaoe?th
?ethno?iaaii 26 oaaeeoeyie oa 10 ?enoieaie.

INIIAI? ?ACOEUeOAOE AeINE?AeAEAIUe

Ia?oee ?icae?e «Iaoiaee/i? i?aeoiaee oa iaa?oiooaaiiy ioe?ithaaiiy
o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa oni?oiino? iieiae? o iaoeia?e e?oa?aoo??»
aeeth/a? aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy a?aeiiinoae, iaaaaeaieo o niaoe?aeuei?e
e?oa?aoo?? c ieoaiue iaoe oa i?noey o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, ye iaa/aeueii?
aeenoeeie?ie o oeieao ??cieo e?a?i na?oo; noaaeaiiy ??cieo aaoi??a aei
aaeineiiaeaiiy oe?eueiiai o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy; iniaeeainoae ?icaeoeo
i?aai?cio thiae?a a?eii 15-19 ?ie?a; oa?aeoa?enoeee i?ia?ai o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy o nenoai? aea?aeaaii? ina?oe ??cieo e?a?i na?oo; iaoiaeieia??
ioe?iee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?; a oaeiae i?aaenoaaeaii iniiai?
i?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee oni?oiino? c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy c oi/ee ci?o
no/anieo aeiia iae?eo ina?oi?o oa icaei?ia/eo noi??i ae?yeueiino? o/i?a
ia o?ieao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa o?ce/iiio naiiaaeineiiaeaii?. Iaeei c
i?ae?icae?e?a iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e i?ena`y/aii aniaeoai o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy o iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo aaoi??a e?a?i a?aanueeiai ?aa?iio.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Iaoiaee oa i?aai?caoe?y aeine?aeaeaiue»
iaaiaeyoueny caaaeuei? a?aeiiino? uiaei aeei?enoaieo o ?iaio? iaoiaeee
oa i?aai?caoe?? aeine?aeaeaiue.

A?aeiia?aeii aei i?ia?aie aeine?aeaeaiue aeey cae?eniaiiy nenoaiiiai
aiae?co io?eiaieo aeaieo aeei?enoiaoaaee aiae?c oa ocaaaeueiaiiy aeaieo
e?oa?aoo?e; niiaoiiao?e/i? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei? iaoiaeeee aei??thaaiiy
iieaciee?a; iaaeaaia?/i? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy; aecia/aiiy aeiaiai?
?ooiai? aeoeaiino? ca iaoiaeeeith O?ai?iaainueeiai aeine?aeaeaiiy
(W.B.Rannel, P.Sorlie, 1979). C iaoith a?eueo ?ioi?iaoeaii? ioe?iee
noaio ea?ae?i-?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie aecia/aee aaee/eio aaeaioaoe?eiiai
iioaioe?aeo (AI) ca iaoiaeeeith Aa?anueeiai c? ni?aaaoi?aie (1992);
cia/aiiy ?iaeaen?a ?ia?iniia oa ?ooue? (Aiaianaiei A.E., 1992;
Oeoaeinueeee N.A, O?ouia N.I., 1991). Aea?? iaoiaeee iaa?oioiaaiee
noaiii aia?aoo?iiai caaacia/aiiy iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue a oiiaao
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e Iaeanoeie.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea o?ce/iiai noaio
iaeanoeinueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a ca aeaieie eiinoaooth/iai aenia?eiaioo»
i?aaenoaaeaii oa?aeoa?enoeeo iniiaieo iieaciee?a niiaoe/iiai oa
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio, o?ce/ii? i?aoeacaeaoiino? oa ?ooiai? aeoeaiino?
264 thiae?a-iaeanoeioe?a, ye? iaa/athoueny o O-O?? eeanao aea?aeaaieo
/ieia?/eo oe?e Naeoi?o Aaca.

Ianoaaeaiee eiioeiaaio ca aio?iiiiao?e/ieie aeaieie na?aaeiueia?oiiaeo
cia/aiue iieaciee?a ia a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iaaaaeaieo o e?oa?aoo??
a?aeiiinoae aeey a?aeiia?aeiiai eiioeiaaioo (O?eieiaa A. A., 1978;
Oeoaeinueeee N.A., O?ouia N.I., 1991 oa ?i.). Caeiiii??iinoae o
?iciiae?e? aee?o, ciaioai? aai ca?eueoaii? eiai e?eueeino? ca aeaieie
cia/aiue 5-oe oe??ii-aee?iaeo neeaaeie (?a?io?o, 1988) ye ana?aaeei?
a?eiaeo a?oi, oae ? i??ith ca?eueoaiiy a?eo a?ae a?oie aei a?oie ia
aeyaeaii.

Ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai i?aai?cio i?aaenoaaeaii cia/aiiyie /anoioe
na?oeaaeo nei?i/aiue oa a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo o niiei? (*NNni, AOceno,
AOae?ano.), aaee/eiith AI (aaeaioaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo), aeeoo?aith
?ii?noth eaaaiue (AE?E), ?iaeaeno ?ia?iniia (IAe – iiaeai?iee aeiaooie),
ye oa?aeoa?enoeee aa?iaieo cae?aiinoae; oa ?iaeaeno ?ooue?, ye
oa?aeoa?enoeee noaio ea?ae?i-?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie o a?aeiia?aeue ia
aeeiai?/io ooieoe?iiaeueio i?iao, oa o?ce/iith i?aoeacaeaoi?noth.

Na?aaeiuei?oiia? cia/aiiy a?eueoino? aeine?aeaeoaaieo iieaciee?a ia iaee
aeinoia??ieo ?ica?aeiinoae i?ae noi?aeieie a?eiaeie a?oiaie, noaoenoe/ii
cia/eiith aeyaeeanue ??cieoey i?ae aaee/eiaie aeayeeo c aeine?aeaeoaaieo
iieaciee?a o 17-??/ieo ii??aiyii c 15-oe oa 19-??/ieie thiaeaie i?e ? < 0,05 (oaae. 1 ). Oaaeeoey 1 Na?aaeiueia?eia? cia/aiiy ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueieo iieaciee?a iaeanoeinueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a a?eii 15 – 19 ?ie?a (Ix ± Smx) Ii?oieia?/i? iieacieeeA?eia? a?oie15 ?ie?an = 3116 ?ie?an = 7817 ?ie?an = 9818 ?ie?an = 4219 ?ie?an = 15Iana o?ea, ea54,46±1,0258,12±1,860,59±1,565,13±1,966,87±1,32Aeiaaeeia o?ea, ni166,07±1,28169,11±1,29170,41±1,09170,74±1,48175,47±1,42Oe??ii-aee?ia? neeaaeee:a?oeain, ni0,55±0,10,49±0,050,5±0,060,57±0,10,42±0,06o??oeain, ni0,83±0,140,96±0,090,94±0,061,18±0,20,87±0,13i?aeacaeioia, ni0,97±0,190,92±0,11,01±0,091,27±0,250,98±0,26i?aeeiiaoeiaa, ni0,91±0,150,85±0,080,98±0,081,25±0,230,87±0,12?e?ii?aeia, ni1,44±0,171,34±0,11,32±0,081,52±0,181,30±0,18noia neeaaeie, ni4,76±0,664,57±0,364,75±0,325,8±0,914,44±0,55*NN, oae/oa84,54±4,684,03±2,2885,07±2,6883,29±3,6180,4±5,2AOneno, ii ?o.no.113,4±3,84119,61±3,38121,5±2,5118,69±3,54117,33±4,68AOaeeano, ii ?o. no.70,89±2,2874,23±1,576,58±1,2775,59±1,8774,67±3,16Aaeaioaoe?eiee iioaioe?ae, oi. iae.1,832±0,081,947±0,062,222±0,051,987±0,081,921±0,11?iaeaen ?ooue?, oi. iae.12,27±1,712,42±0,7112,68±0,8512,21±1,410,39±1,8AE?E, e2,61±0,072,61±0,072,69±0,062,91±0,091,99±0,17*Ae, ?ac ia oa.28,0±1,3723,61±0,0024,79±0,6525,5±0,7724,67±2.1I?iaa Ooaiaa, n35,64±3,3134,63±2,0336,86±2,2434,4±3,1336,6±2,1I?iaa Aai/?, n23,79±2,6424,76±1,6828,71±1,727,17±2,2828,13±6,3?iaeaen ?ia?iniia, oi. iae.95,94±6,3100,64±4,2104,16±3,698,76±4,994,54±7,2Na?aaeiueia?oiia? cia/aiiy *NNni oa AO a?aeiia?aeaee ae?aiaciio cia/aiue oeeo iieaciee?a aeey aiaeia?/ieo a?eiaeo a?oi thiae?a, ye? iaaaaeai? o niaoe?aeuei?e e?oa?aoo??. Cia/aiiy aaeaioaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo, ?iaeaeno ?ia?iniia, AE?E, *Ae, i?ia ?c cao?eieith aeeoaiiy ia aaein? oa aeaein? oa?aeoa?ecoaaee aaeaioaoe?ei? iiaeeeaino? i?aai?cio aeine?aeaeoaaieo thiae?a, ye a?aeiinii aenie? (AI < 2,1), ye? a?aeiia?aeaee ioe?ioe? – caaeia?eueia aaeaioaoe?y. Aea aa?iai? iiaeeeaino? thiae?a on?o a?eiaeo a?oi iiaeia ioe?ieoe, ye iecuee?, ca cia/aiiyie ?iaeaeno ?ia?iniia. Oeae oaeo i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iecuee? cia/aiiy AE?E, (2,6-2,9 e), aenie? iieacieee *Ae (23-28 iiaeeo?a ia oaeeeio), ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue aeeoaiiy ye iiaa?oiaaa, iaeiaoaeoeaia. I?i oea ae na?ae/aoue a?aeiinii iecuee? cia/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?ia ?c cao?eieith aeeoaiiy, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue /ooeea?noue aeeoaeueiiai oeaio?o aei NI2, a a?aeiia?aeii ? aa?iai? cae?aiino? oa ??aaiue ?iaeaeno ?ooue?. ?acoeueoaoe iaaeaaia?/iiai oanooaaiiy i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue iayai? o niaoe?aeuei?e e?oa?aoo?? aeoiee i?i ca`ycie i?ae ??aiai ?icaeoeo ?ooiaeo yeinoae oa noaiii ooieoe?iiaeueieo nenoai, ye? ?o aecia/athoue. I?i oea na?ae/aoue iecuee? ?acoeueoaoe o oanoao ia aeyaeaiiy ?ooiaeo cae?aiinoae ? iaeia?oa, aa?iaii? aeo?eaaeino? (oano Eoia?a), a oaeiae a ?ioeo oanoao ii??aiyii c ?acoeueoaoaie thiae?a a?aeiia?aeiiai a?eo a ?ioeo e?a?iao (oaae. 2). E?euee?niee oa ye?niee aiee ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? ioe?ithaaee ca aaee/eiith aeiaiaiai oa oeaeiaaiai ?iaeaeno o?ce/ii? aeoeaiino? (?OAaeia, ?OAoeae), ca iaoiaeeeith Kannel W.B., Sarlie, 1979. ?en. 1 aeaiiino?o? aeeiai?eo ?OAoeae c? ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo o a?oiao aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiioeiaaioo. ?en. 1. Aeeiai?ea ?OAoeae. c? ca?eueoaiiyi a?eo aeine?aeaeoaaieo. Oaaeeoey 2 ?acoeueoaoe iaaeaaia?/iiai oanooaaiiy iaeanoeinueeeo thiae?a – o/i?a O–XII eean?a ??iiOanoeA?eia? a?oie15 ?ie?a, n = 3116 ?ie?a, n = 7817 ?ie?a, n = 9718 ?ie?a, n = 4119 ?ie?a, n = 151. A?a 10 o 5 i, n22,04±0,521,39±0,2721,73±0,3421,69±0,5521,38±0,732. A?a 50 i, n8,82±0,168,42±0,118,21±0,078,27±0,118,45±0,223. A?a 100 i, n17,08±0,216,69±0,2316,37±0,116,1±0,2916,45±0,394. A?a c? c?inoath/ith oaeaee?noth, e-oue37,61±2,846,33±2,347,83±3,254,26±4,954,67±3,235. Oano Eoia?a, oa12,86±0,1712,89±0,1612,13±0,1711,51±0,1812,93±1,766. Eenoueiaa aeeiaiiiao??y, ea34,61±1,2536,35±1,337,0±1,737,71±2,0342,07±1,767. Iiaeeii o n?ae, ?ac?a24,89±6,021,78±0,8621,8±0,6221,29±1,0919,93±1,738. No?eaie o aeiaaeeio, ni170,79±2,12177,37±2,78176,87±2,50182,55±2,77183,13±3,219. Aen ia c?aiooeo ?oeao, n17,25±1,418,33±1,922,82±1,0822,5±3,0824,03±5,410. ?ooe ?oe, eoue11,79±0,3611,36±0,3711,56±0,3211,31±0,5110,89±1,4311. “Oeai?iai”, ?ac?a9,25±1,368,69±0,768,87±0,657,98±1,137,33±1,612. Aio/e?noue neaey/e, ni22,34±2,023,26±1,3724,26±1,2424,30±3,0625,53±2,01Ia aeeaey/enue ia cia/iee ?iceeae na?aaeiueia?oiiaeo ?acoeueoao?a, /?oei i?inoaaeo?oueny ciaioaiiy e aac oiai iecueeiai ??aiy ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? i?ney 16 ?ie?a, ui a?aeiia?aea? aeaiei e?oa?aoo?e (?. Ooaniaanueee, 1991). Aeyaeaia noaoenoe/ia aeinoia??i?noue ?ica?aeiinoae ca iieacieeaie ii?oi-ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaoono oa o?ce/iith i?aeaioiaeai?noth i?ae cia/aiiyie 17-??/ieo ii??aiyii c 15-oe oa 19-??/ieie oa a?aenooi?noue oaeeo i?ae noi?aeieie a?eiaeie a?oiaie, a oaeiae oie oaeo, ui a iaeiiio eean?, ye i?aaeei, iaa/athoueny oeiey??, ye i?i?ioi, aeaio noi?aeieo a?eiaeo a?oi, aeicaieeee iai iaa?oioiaaii ?ic?iaeyoe ioe?ii/i? oeaee ia aeey a?eiaeo a?oi, a aeey eean?a, ye? ii?aeiothoue o/i?a noi?aeieo a?eiaeo a?oi: aeey 10, 11 oa 12-o eean?a. *aoaa?oee ?icae?e aeena?oaoe?? “Iaa?oiooaaiiy ioe?iee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa oni?oiino? c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy iaeanoeinueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a” i?noeoue aeai?eoi i?ioeano ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee ioe?iee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo iaeanoeinueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a a?eii 15 – 19 ?ie?a (?en. 2). C 12-oe eiio?ieueieo ai?aa (aeea. oaae. 2) a?ae?a?aii i`youe oano?a, ye? iathoue cia/ei? eiao?oe??ioe ei?aeyoe?? c? cia/aiiyie ooieoe?iiaeueieo iieaciee?a o an?o a?eiaeo a?oiao. Oaeei /eiii, i?ae /an ?ic?iaee oa iaa?oiooaaiiy oe?eueieo iaa/aeueieo ii?iaoea?a o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeei?enoaii i?eioeei a?aeai?o eiiieaeno oano?a, ye? iathoue cia/eiee ei?aeyoe?eiee aca?iica`ycie c ooieoe?iiaeueieie iieacieeaie, ye? aeei?enoiaothoueny a icaei?ia/?e o?ce/i?e eoeueoo??. Aeey oeeo oano?a ia i?aea?oio? ia?oeaioeeueiiai iaoiaeo ?ic?iaeai? oeaee ?aeoeia?a ioe?iie aeey o/i?a 10, 11 oa 12 – o eean?a (oaae. 3). ??aaiue ?icaeoeo eiie?aoii? ?ooiai? yeino? oa o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? a oe?eiio aecia/a?oueny ca ae?aiaciiaie ?aeoeia?a ioe?iee, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue cii? ?iiino?: na?aaei?e ??aaiue – 25 – 75 oeaioee?a (ii?ia i?aaaaeii? a?eueoino? 50 % on?o o/aniee?a); aeoaea iecueeee ??aaiue – 0 - 3 oeaioee?a; iecueeee ??aaiue - 3 – 10 oeaioee?a; ieae/a na?aaeiueiai - 10 – 25 oeaioee?a; aeua na?aaeiueiai - 75 – 90 oeaioee?a; 90 – 97 oeaioee?a – aenieee ??aaiue; 97 – 100 oeaioee?a - aeoaea aenieee. sse ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ii?iaoea cai?iiiiiaaia nenoaia ioe?iee ??aiy ?icaeoeo eiie?aoii? ?ooiai? yeino?, yea aeicaiey? aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?acoeueoao, yeee a?aeiia?aea? ?aeoeiao ioe?iee ia iaeei ii?yaeie aeuee ca ?aiaiaith oeaeith. Oeae ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ii?iaoea iiaea aooe i?ii?aeiei ? ci?ithaaoeny o a?e i?aeaeuaiiy c?aco i?ney eiai aeinyaiaiiy i?ioyaii iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo. — Oaaeeoey 3 Oeaee ?aeoeia?a ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/iiai oanooaaiiy thiae?a 10, 11 oa 12-o eean?a 10 eean11 eean12 eean?aeoeia ioe?iee*iai. a?a 105iAen ia c?aioo. ?oeaoIiaeeii o n?aeNo?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noeyOano Eoia?a*iai. a?a 105iAen ia c?aioo. ?oeaoIiaeeii o n?aeNo?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noeyOano Eoia?a*iai. a?a 105iAen ia c?aioo. ?oeaoIiaeeii o n?aeNo?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noeyOano Eoia?a126,618,011116,516,425,918,812117,516,225,219,513121,016,1226,018, 412123,016,025,419,113124,015,924,819,914127,015,8325,518,813129,515,725 ,219,514130,015,524,420,315133,015,4425,019,114136,015,324,519,915137,01 5,124,020,716139,014,9524,519,615143,014,824,020,316143,514,723,721,1171 45,014,5624,019,916149,514,423,620,717150,014,323,321,418151,014,0723,52 0,317156,014,023,221,118156,513,822,921,819157,013.6823,020,718162,013,7 22,721,419162,613,522,522,220163,513,2922,521,119168,013,422,221,820168, 513,122,122,621169,512,71022,021,420175,013,021,821,421175,512,721,723,0 22177,012,31121,821,821180,012,721,422,622181,512,321,323,423183,011,812 21,022,222187,012,421,023,023188,011,920,823,024190,011,41320,622,623193 ,012,020,523,424194,011,520,424,125195,511,01420,223,024198,011,720,023, 825200,011,019,924,526202,010,61519,823,425205,011,619,524,128207,010,61 9,424,927208,510,21619,423,826210,011,019,024,527213.010,218,925,328215, 09,71719,024,127216,010,618,624,928220,09,818,425,729222,09,31818.724,52 8222,010,318,225,329226,09,417,826,130228,08,81918,324,929228,010,017,72 5,730233,09,017,426,531235,08,42017,925,330235,09,717,226,131240,08,616, 827,032242,08,0Ii?iaoeaiei ??aiai ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeey thiae?a c iecueeei ??aiai o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? neoao? ae?aiacii 11-25 aae?a; aeey oeo o/i?a, ye? iathoue ieae/a na?aaeiueiai ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? - 26- 75 aae?a; aeey o/i?a ?c na?aaei?i ??aiai o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? - aeinyaiaiiy aa?oiuei? iaae? na?aaeiueiai ??aiy - 75 aae?a oeyoii i?aeaeuaiiy o ?aiaiaiio ii?yaeeo noie ?aeoeia?a a iaaeao oiai ae ??aiy; i?ney aeinyaiaiiy 75 aae?a ii?iaoeaii noa? ae?aiacii 76 - 90 aae?a ? o.ae. Aeey aecia/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ii?iaoea?a ?icaeoeo iaaieo ?ooiaeo yeinoae iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? ?ic?iaeai? a ?acoeueoao? aeine?aeaeaiue ?aeoeiaia? oeaee ioe?iie iaaeaaia?/iiai oanooaaiiy aeey o/i?a noa?oeo eean?a iaeanoeinueeeo oe?e. Oe? ii?iaoeae aeeiai?/i? ? ci?iththoueny o a?e i?ia?anoaaiiy i??ith aeinyaiaiiy iiia?aaeiueiai ?acoeueoaoo-ii?iaoeao. Ia?aaaae oaei? iaoiaeeee ioe?ithaaiiy ia?aae iaa/aeueieie ii?iaoeaaie i/aaeaei?, ine?eueee ae?aiacii ?aeoeia?a ioe?iie ana?aaeei? eiaeiiai ??aiy aeicaiey? c? cia/iith ia`?eoeai?noth ioe?ieoe ?aaeueiee ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ?acoeueoao. Ii?iaoeaiei ??aiai o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeey thiae?a c iecueeei ??aiai o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? ? ae?aiacii a?eueo aenieiai ??aiy, i?ae aeinyaiooee. Iaaiee e?euee?niee ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?, ae?aaeaiee noiith ?aeoeia?a ioe?iie ca ?acoeueoaoaie a i`yoe oanoiaeo ai?aaao, aaaaeaii a ioe?ieo oni?oiino? c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o noa?oeo eeanao oe?e Iaeanoeie, yea neeaaea?oueny c ioe?iie ca oai?aoe/i? ciaiiy, aeoeai?noue oa noa?aii?noue ia o?ieao ? i?aeoe/iee a?e ae?yeueiino?, e aei oeeo i?? ioe?ithaaeany noa`?eoeaii. ?ic?iaeaia oi?ioea ioe?iee ca i?aeoe/iee a?e ae?yeueiino? ia o?ioe? o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeey noa?oieeaniee?a oe?e Iaeanoeie ia? oaeee aeaeyae: IOei=K5 +n, aea IOei – ioe?iea ca i?aeoeeo; E1 - iii?aaiee eiao?oe??io 1-? iieiaeie naiano?o, E1= 0,2 ; E2 - iii?aaiee eiao?oe??io 2-? iieiaeie naiano?o, E2=0,55; 5- noia ?aeoeia?a ioe?iie ca ?acoeueoaoaie a i`yoe oanoao; n- e?euee?noue oano?a, o yeeo iie?aueany ?acoeueoao ii??aiyii c iiia?aaei?i oanooaaiiyi. Anueiai o iaa/aeueiiio ?ioe? i?iaiaeeoueny i`youe oanooaaiue: ia ii/aoeo ? a e?ioe? iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo, a na?aaeei? ia?oiai ? ae?oaiai naiano??a oa a e?ioe? ia?oiai naiano?o. Oaeei /eiii, ioe?iea o e?ioe? iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo (e?ioe? ae?oaiai naiano?o) a?aoiao? aeeiai?eo o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? i?ioyaii anueiai ?ieo ? ae?aaeaia a ia`?eoeaieo oeeo?ao. Ioe?iea oni?oiino? ca eiaeiee naiano? (IO1) neeaaea?oueny c aeaio ioe?iie: IOe1 – ioe?iea ca ia?oo iieiaeio naiano?o, yea a naith /a?ao neeaaea?oueny c ioe?iee ca oai??th (IOeO) – iaeneiaeueii 5 %; oa ioe?iee ca i?aeoeeo (IOeI) – iaeneiaeueii 20 %; a oaeiae IOe2 – ioe?iee ca ae?oao iieiaeio naiano?o, yea neeaaea?oueny c IOeO – iaeneiaeueii - 10 %, ioe?iee ca aeoeai?noue ? noa?aii?noue (IOeA) – iaeneiaeueii 10 % oa IOeI – iaeneiaeueii 55 %. Oaeei /eiii, ioe?iea ca ia?oee naiano? aei??aith?: IO1=IOe1+IOe2=(IOeO+0,2picscalex100010009000003b700000002001700000000000 50000000902000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e0118000 5000000310201000000050000000b0200000000050000000c024004e0021200000026060 f001a00ffffffff000010000000c0ffffffb1ffffffa0020000f10300000b00000026060 f000c004d617468547970650000e00010000000fb02c0fd0000000000009001000000020 002001053796d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320ad902370001000000e5001 7000000fb0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6 d616e2043797200cc83040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320afa00cd000 1000000320008000000320aef03cb000100000035000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff0 1000000000010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d0 0cc040000002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000+n1)+ (IOeO+IOeA+0,55picscalex100010009000003b70000000200170000000000050000000 902000000000400000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003 10201000000050000000b0200000000050000000c024004e0021200000026060f001a00f fffffff000010000000c0ffffffb1ffffffa0020000f10300000b00000026060f000c004 d617468547970650000e00010000000fb02c0fd000000000000900100000002000200105 3796d626f6c0002040000002d01000008000000320ad902370001000000e50017000000f b0220ff0000000000009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e204 3797200cca1040000002d01010004000000f001000008000000320afa00cd00010000003 30008000000320aef03cb000100000035000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff010000000 00010000000fb021000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc04000 0002d01000004000000f0010100030000000000+n2); aea picscalex100010009000003b70000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c024004e0021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb1ffffffa0020000f10300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000e00010000000fb02c0fd0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000008000000320ad902370001000000e50017000000fb0220ff00000000 00009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cc830400 00002d01010004000000f001000008000000320afa00cd0001000000320008000000320a ef03cb000100000035000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02 1000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d0100000400 0000f0010100030000000000- noia ?aeoeia?a ioe?iie ca ?acoeueoaoaie 2-ai oanooaaiiy; picscalex100010009000003b70000000200170000000000050000000902000000000400 000002010100050000000102ffffff00040000002e011800050000003102010000000500 00000b0200000000050000000c024004e0021200000026060f001a00ffffffff00001000 0000c0ffffffb1ffffffa0020000f10300000b00000026060f000c004d61746854797065 0000e00010000000fb02c0fd0000000000009001000000020002001053796d626f6c0002 040000002d01000008000000320ad902370001000000e50017000000fb0220ff00000000 00009001000000cc0402001054696d6573204e657720526f6d616e2043797200cca10400 00002d01010004000000f001000008000000320afa00cd0001000000330008000000320a ef03cb000100000035000a00000026060f000a00ffffffff01000000000010000000fb02 1000070000000000bc02000000cc0102022253797374656d00cc040000002d0100000400 0000f0010100030000000000- noia ?aeoeia?a ioe?iie ca ?acoeueoaoaie 3-ai oanooaaiiy; n1 – e?euee?noue oano?a, ?acoeueoaoe a yeeo iie?aueeenue o ae?oaiio oanooaaii? ii??aiyii c ia?oei; n2 - e?euee?noue oano?a, ?acoeueoaoe a yeeo iie?aueeenue o o?aoueiio oanooaaii? ii??aiyii c ae?oaei. Aiaeia?/ii ?ic?aoiao?oueny ? ioe?iea oni?oiino? o ae?oaiio naiano??. Iaeneiaeueia ioe?iea ca naiano? – 100 %. ??aaiue oni?oiino? ioe?ith?oueny ca i?eeiyoith o Iaeanoei? nenoaiith aeey an?o iaa/aeueieo aeenoeeie?i: a?aei?iii > 90 %; aeia?a – 70 – 90 %; caaeia?eueii – 69 –
50 %, iiaaii > 50 %.

Oanooaaiiy i?iaiaeeoueny c aeei?enoaiiyi aeeoa?aioe?eiaaiiai i?aeoiaeo
oa c iaia`yceiaei aaaeaiiyi ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ea?oi/ee o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? o/iy i?ioyaii iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo (oaae. 4).

Oaaeeoey 4.

Oi?ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? ea?oi/ee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o/iy oeiee ca
1998/1999 iaa/. ??e

? oanooaaiiy“*iai. a?a” 10 o 5iAen ia c?aioo. ?oeaoI?aeeii o n?aeNo?eaie
o aeiaaeeio c i?noeyOano Eoia?aNoia
?aeoeia?a1-a?acoeueoao?aeoeia2-a?acoeueoao?aeoeia3-??acoeueoao?aeoeia4-a
?acoeueoao?aeoeia5-a ?acoeueoao?aeoeia

Oaea nenoaia ioe?ithaaiiy oni?oiino? o noa?oeo eeanao /ieia?/eo oe?e
Iaeanoeie aeicaieeoue ia`?eoeaii noaeeoe i?i e?euee?niee oa ye?niee a?e
aieeao caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie ia ?icaeoie ? aaeineiiaeaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio i?aai?cio thiae?a oa ia oi?ioaaiiy iiceoeaiiai
noaaeaiiy aei nenoaiaoe/ieo caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie.

?acoeueoaoe ia?aa??ee /ooeeaino? oa ?ioi?iaoeaiino? ioe?iee o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa oni?oiino? a oeie? Aao Oaaeaea ia eiioeiaaio?
iao?aiiaaieo thiae?a (a?oia 1) ? o eeoa? Aeaeaaae?y Naeoi?o Aaca ia
eiioeiaaio? thiae?a, ye? ai?ciaee/ii (ia iaioa 2 ?ac?a ia oeaeaeaiue)
caeiaeeny oooaieii (a?oia 2) i?aeoaa?aeeee aoaeoeai?noue ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
oeeo ioe?iie a i?aeoeeo (?en. 3).

?en. 3. Aeeiai?ea ioe?iee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? o a?oi?
iaeanoeinueeeo thiae?a c ??ciei ??aiai ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? o i?ioean? 2-o
i?ny/iiai aenia?eiaioo.

Ia aeeaey/enue ia oa, ui oeaee ioe?iie ?ic?iaeyeeny ia eiioeiaaio?
iao?aiiaaieo o/i?a, ?o aeei?enoaiiy aeicaieeei /?oei aeyaeoe ??cieoeth o
??ai? ?icaeoeo ie?aieo ?ooiaeo yeinoae oa o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
o/i?a c i?aeaeuaiei ??aiai ?ooiai? aeoeaiino?. Oaea ioe?iea o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? iiaea aooe aeei?enoaia ye e?eoa??e ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
??aiy ?icaeoeo ?ooiaeo yeinoae i?aeoe/ii caei?iaeo thiae?a-iaeanoeioe?a
oa aeicaiey? ?aaeueii ioe?ithaaoe ?ooia? cae?aiino?, iinooiiai
i?aeaeuoth/e ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ?acoeueoaoe, noaaey/e aeani? ?aei?aee,
i?aeaeuo? iioeaaoe?th aei caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie, i?aeoe/ii
caiaeeoue aei ioey iaaaoeai? aiioe??, ye? aeeeeeathoue, iniaeeai a
noa?oiio oe?eueiiio a?oe?, iaaeeiiai?, iaeiaeia? aeey an?o iaa/aeuei?
ii?iaoeae, a cia/eoue ? io?eiaiiy iiceoeaii? ioe?iee. I?aeaeuaiiy
?acoeueoaoo o iaaiiio oano? ia iaeei aae ca ?aeoeiaii eiai ioe?ithaaiiy
? aeinyaiaiiyi iiaiai ??aiy ?icaeoeo ?ooiai? yeino?, a ?acoeueoao, yeee
a?aeiia?aea? ianooiiiio ?aeoeiao ioe?iee, ? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei
ii?iaoeaii.

Onia iieooaaiiy noa?oieeaniee?a, ye? a?aee o/anoue o aenia?eiaio?,
iieacaei, ui aaaaeaiiy ia`?eoeaii? ioe?iee ??aiy o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? i?aeaeueei iioeaaoe?th aei ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai
naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy, iniaeeai o/i?a, ye? caeiaeeny a eeoa? “Aeaeaaae?y”.
Eiie?aoi? ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ii?iaoeae aeicaieeee ?i /?oei i???iooaaoeny o
nai?o aeinyaiaiiyo oa iaaaea/ao.

Ia`?eoeaia ioe?iea o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? (ioe?iea ca i?aeoe/iee a?e
ae?yeueiino? ia o?ieao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy) aeeeth/eea iiaeeea?noue
caaeuaiiy ioe?iee oni?oiino? c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa ni?eyea
i?aeaeuaiith ?iaeea?aeoaeueii? iioeaaoe?? aei caiyoue o?ce/ieie ai?aaaie
c iaoith naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy ?, ye ?acoeueoao, io?eiaiiy a?eueo aeniei?
ioe?iee, a a?aeiia?aeii, ci?oeiaiiy caei?ia`y, aeinyaiaiiy eiai
noaa?eueiiai ??aiy.

O ?icae?e? “Iaaiai?aiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue” i?aeaiaeyoueny
i?aenoiee aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aoei iienaii o iiia?aaei?o ?icae?eao;
iaa?oioiao?oueny ia?oi/a?aiaa cia/aiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueieo ii?iaoea?a
ii??aiyii c iaiao?aeieie oa ii??aiyeueieie ii?iaie.

O ?icae?e? i?aeaaaeaii i?aenoiie i?iaaaeaii? ?iaioe, a ?acoeueoao? yei?:

— io?eiai? iia? oaeoe i?i ooieoe?iiaeueiee noai ea?ae?i-?ani??aoi?ii?
nenoaie iaeanoeinueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a a?eii 15-19 ?ie?a, ye?
ae?aaeathoueny o aeinoaoiuei aenieiio ??ai? aaeaioaoe?eieo iiaeeeainoae
i?aai?cio, iecueeiio ??ai? aa?iaieo cae?aiinoae ca iiaa?oiaaiai
oa?aeoa?o aeeoaiiy;

— aia?oa o i?aeoeoe? ?ic?iaee oe?eueieo iaa/aeueieo ii?iaoea?a o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? canoiniaaii i?eioeei a?aeai?o eiiieaeno oano?a, ye?
iathoue cia/eiee ei?aeyoe?eiee aca?iica`ycie c ooieoe?iiaeueieie
iieacieeaie, yeee aeei?enoiao?oueny a icaei?ia/?e o?ce/i?e eoeueoo??. Ia
i?aenoaa? a?ae?a?aieo oano?a oa ?acoeueoao?a a ieo ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio
ioe?ithaaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa anoaiiaeaii ?iaeea?aeoaeuei?
ii?iaoeae, i?aaenoaaeai? oeaeaie ?aeoeia?a ioe?iee ??aiy ?icaeoeo
?ooiaeo yeinoae aeey o/i?a 10 – 12-o eean?a /ieia?/eo oe?e Iaeanoeie;

— ?ic?iaeaii oi?ioeo e?euee?nii?, ia`?eoeaii? ioe?iee i?aeoe/ii? noi?iie
ae?yeueiino? ia o?ieao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, yea i?aai?/ii oa?eoea aei
?nioth/i? nenoaie ioe?ithaaiiy oni?oiino? c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a oeieao
Iaeanoeie. Iiaeeo?eiaaia ioe?iea oni?oiino? aeicaieeea ia`?eoeaii
aeyaeoe ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee ??aaiue o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa
iaa?oioiaaii aiineoe ei?aeoeae o i?ioean o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa
o?ce/iiai naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy noa?oieeaniee?a Iaeanoeie a?eii 15-19
?ie?a.

?ic?iaeaii i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey o/eoae?a o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy oa
thiae?a o a?oe? 15 – 19 ?ie?a uiaei ioe?iee o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa
oni?oiino? c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o oeie?.

AENIIAEE

1. Niaoe?aeueia e?oa?aoo?a ai?uo? cia/io e?euee?noue aeaieo i?i ??ci?
iaoiaeieia?/i? i?aeoiaee uiaei ioe?iee ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy ?aa?ii?a na?oo, aieiaiei c yeeo ? noaoenoe/iee
i?aeo?ae c o?aooaaiiyi a?eiai-noaoaaeo ii?iaoea?a. ?acii c oeei
a?aenooi? aeine?aeaeaiiy uiaei iaa?oiooaaiiy ii?iaoea?a o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino? oeiey??a e?a?i a?aanueeiai ?aa?iio.

2. Ii?oiooieoe?iiaeueiee noaoon noa?oieeaniee?a Iaeanoeie, noaey/e c
iieaciee?a *NN oa AO o noai? a?aeiiniiai niieith, aaeaioaoe?eiiai
iioaioe?aeo (ca ?.I Aa?anueeei ?c ni?aaao., 1991), ?iaeaeno ?ia?iniia, a
oaeiae iieaciee?a ?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie oa ?iaeaeno ?ooue?
oa?aeoa?eco?oueny:

a?aenooi?noth a?aei?iiinoae o iieacieeao na?oeaai-noaeeiii? nenoaie
ii??aiyii c ?a?iiaenueeeie noaiaea?oaie;

/anoioa a?aeoeeaiue ??aiy a?oa??aeueiiai oeneo (AO) a?ae ii?iaoea?a ca
noaiaea?oaie AIC o iaoeo aeine?aeaeaiiyo a?aeiia?aea? caaaeueiii?eeiyoei
iieacieeai;

na?aaeiueia?eiaee ??aaiue aaeaioaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo, yeee
i?iaiico?oueny, o ae?aiacii? 1,83 – 1,96 oi. iae. aeicaiey? i?eionoeoe,
ui na?oeaai-noaeeiia nenoaia iaeanoeinueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a ii?iaeueii
aaeaioo?oueny aei oiia aeiae?eey oa o?ce/ieo iaaaioaaeaiue, ye?
a?aeiia?aeathoue a?eo;

iecueeee ??aaiue aeeoo?ai? ?iiino? eaaaiue — 2,4 – 2,9 e ca /anoioe
aeeoaiiy 23-28 ia oaeeeio oa aenieiai cia/aiiy ?iaeaeno ?ia?iniia
na?ae/eoue i?i iiaa?oiaaee oa?aeoa? aeeoaiiy oa iecueeee ??aaiue
aa?iaieo cae?aiinoae ii??aiyii c ?a?iiaenueeeie noaiaea?oaie.

3.Aeyaeaii cia/iee aca?iica`ycie ?acoeueoao?a iaaeaaia?/iiai oanooaaiiy
c? cia/aiiyie iieaciee?a ooieoe?iiaeueiiai noaio i?aai?cio
iaeanoeinueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a o eiaei?e a?eia?e a?oi? aeine?aeaeoaaieo.

4. Ia i?aea?oio? aeyaeaiiai aca?iica`yceo c? cia/aiiyie ooieoe?iiaeueieo
iieaciee?a ca nooiaiy cia/ouino? a?ae neaaeiai aei iii??iiai c 12-oe
ai?iaiaaieo oano?a a?ae?a?aii i`youe:

“/iaieeiaee” a?a 10 o 5 i;

no?eaie o aeiaaeeio c i?noey;

iiaeeii o n?ae c iieiaeaiiy eaaea/e ca 30 n.;

aen ia c?aiooeo ?oeao;

oano Eoia?a — a?a 1,5 iee? (2414 i).

An? a?ae?a?ai? oanoe iaee ei?aeyoe?eiee aca?iica`ycie c aaee/eiith
aaeaioaoe?eiiai iioaioe?aeo c? nooiaiai cia/ouino? a?ae neaaeiai aei
iii??iiai (r = 0, 25 – 0,458 ca e?eoe/iiai k = 0,165 aeey aea??ee n =
261).

5. Ia i?aenoaa? a?ae?a?aieo oano?a ?ic?iaeaii nenoaio ioe?ithaaiiy
o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa anoaiiaeaii ?? ioe?ii/i? ii?iaoeae, ye?
i?aaenoaaeaii oeaeaie ?aeoeia?a ioe?iee ??aiy ?icaeoeo ?ooiaeo yeinoae
aeey o/i?a 10 — 12-o eean?a /ieia?/eo oe?e Iaeanoeie.

6. C iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy iioeaaoe?? aei naiiaaeineiiaeaiiy iaeanoeinueeeo
noa?oieeaniee?a ?ic?iaeaii ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ii?iaoeae o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino?:

— ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei ii?iaoeaii aenooia? ?acoeueoao o eiaeiiio oano?, ui
a?aeiia?aea? ?aeoeiao oeaee ioe?iee ia iaeei ii?yaeie aeua, i?ae
oaeoe/iee ?acoeueoao, iieacaiee a iiiaio oanooaaiiy;

— iaeaaeiei ii?iaoeaii ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? aeey eiioeiaaioo
iaeanoeinueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a a?eii 15 – 19 ?ie?a neoao? noia ?aeoeia?a
ioe?iee a i`yoe oanoao, yea aei??aith? aa?oi?e iaae? ae?aiaciio
na?aaeiueiai ??aiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? (ii?ie ia?aaaaeii?
a?eueoino?).

7. ?ic?iaeaii oi?ioeo ioe?iee oni?oiino? aeey an?o aoai?a iaa/aeueiiai
?ieo, yea aeeth/a? iii?aai? eiao?oe??ioe oa caioi/oaaeuei? aaee ca
oni?oe uiaei ?inoo o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?. Cai?iiiiiaaia
iiaeeo?eaoe?y ioe?iee oni?oiino? c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy aeey
noa?oieeaniee?a Iaeanoeie aaiaeeoue ia`?eoeaiee e?euee?niee iieaciee o
nenoaio ?nioth/i? ioe?iee ? oei naiei ni?ey? aaeineiiaeaiith nenoaie
iaaeeei-iaaeaaia?/iiai eiio?ieth ca i?ioeanii o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy.

8. Aea/aia aeeiai?ea o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? c aeei?enoaiiyi nenoaie
ioe?ithaaiiy oa aeaia oa?aeoa?enoeea o?ce/i?e i?aeaioiaeaiino?
noa?oieeaniee?a Iaeanoeie ia i?aenoaa? oe??? nenoaie.

9. I?iaaaeaia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei
aeei?enoaiiy nenoaie ioe?ithaaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? oa
oni?oiino? c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy o oeieao Iaeanoeie c eiioeiaaioii o/i?a
c ??ciei ??aiai ?ooiai? aeoeaiino? i?aeoaa?aeeei ia`?eoeai?noue ioe?iie
oa ?o iiceoeaiee aieea ia iioeaaoe?eio caoe?eaaeai?noue thiae?a o
o?ce/iiio aaeineiiaeaii?.

IA?AE?E ?IA?O, ssE? IIOAE?EIAAI? CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Aeueiaaeaeaeaa? Anaaae THnao Iauaeoeaiay ioeaiea oece/aneie
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe — oaeoi? ioeaiee oniaaaaiinoe ii oece/aneie eoeueoo?a
noa?oaeeannieeia Iaeanoeiu // O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a oai?/eo
niaoe?aeueiinoae: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue/I?ae ?aae. ??iaeiaa N.N.. — Oa?e?a:
OOI?, 1999. — ?7. – N. 41 – 45

2. Aeueiaaeaeaeaae Anaaae THnao E ioeaiea oece/aneie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe
iaeanoeineeo noa?oaeeanieeia // O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy nooaeaio?a oai?/eo
niaoe?aeueiinoae: Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue/I?ae ?aae. ??iaeiaa N.N.. — Oa?e?a:
OOI?, 1999. — ?11. – N. 47 – 51.

3. Aeueiaaeaeaeaae Anaaae THnao Iiaeeoeeaoeey ioeaiee oniaaaaiinoe ii
oece/aneiio ainieoaieth a noa?oeo eeannao oeie Iaeanoeiu // Iaaeaaia?ea,
ineoieia?y oa iaaeeei-a?ieia?/i? i?iaeaie o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo:
Ca. iaoe. i?aoeue/I?ae ?aae. ??iaeiaa N.N.. — Oa?e?a: OOI?, 1999. — ?13.
– N. 56 – 61

4. Aeueiaaeaeaeaa? Anaaae THnao Nenoaia ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe i?ioeanna
oece/aneiai ainieoaiey noa?oaeeannieeia Iaeanoeiu // Ca. Iaoe. i?aoeue
“O?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy, nii?o ? eoeueoo?a caei?ia`y o no/aniiio
noni?euenoa?”. — Eooeuee: Iaae?y, 1999. – N. 240 – 244

5. Aeueiaaeaeaeaa? Anaaae THnao Iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueieo oa o?ce/ieo
iiaeeeainoae noa?oieeaniee?a Naeoi?o Aaca (Iaeanoeia) // Oai??y ?
iaoiaeeea o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo. — E.: IOOANO, 1999. – N.

6. Aeaaeaeaiei A.A., Aeueiaaeaeaeaae Anaaae THnao Oece/aneay
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoue o/aueony iaeei ec oaeoi?ia noaaeeueiinoe o?iaiy eo
caei?iauey//Iaoa??aee iaoe.-i?aeo. eiio. “Iioei?caoe?y i?ioeano
o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy a nenoai? ina?oe”. — Oa?iii?eue, 1997. — N. 88 – 89

7. Aeueiaaeaeaeaa? Anaaae THnao I?aeoiaee aei ioe?iee oni?oiino? oa
ii?iaoeaieo aeiia o o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy // Iaoa??aee ?? Anaoe?. iaoeiai?
eiio. ani??aio?a “Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea Oe?a?ie”. – Euea?a, 1998. — N.
49 — 51.

8. Aeueiaaeaeaeaa? Anaaae THnao Noai ea?ae?i-?ani??aoi?ii? nenoaie
iaeanoeinueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a ca aeaieie iieueiaeo aeine?aeaeaiue //
Iaoa??aee ??? Anaoe?. eiio. ani??aio?a “Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea
Oe?a?ie”. – Euea?a, 1999. — N. 169 – 175.

9. Aeueiaaeaeaeaa? Anaaae THnao, Aaaeue?acee Aannai Aei ieoaiiy
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano o?ce/iiai aaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy /ieia?/eo oeieao Iaeanoeie // Iaoa??aee ? Anaoe?. eiio.
ani??aio?a aaeoc? o?ce/ii? eoeueoo?e ? nii?oo “Iieiaea nii?oeaia iaoea
Oe?a?ie”. – Euea?a, 1997. — N. 78 — 79.

10. Aeueiaaeaeaeaae Anaaae THnao Oece/aneay iiaeaioiaeaiiinoue — aaaeiue
oaeoi? ioeaiee oniaaaaiinoe ii oece/aneie eoeueoo?a oeieueieeia
//Iaaeaeoi. iao/i. eiio. “Oece/aneia ainieoaiea e caei?iauea nooaeaioia
e o/aueony ia ?oaaaea aaeia. — Ieine, 1998.

AEUeIAAEAeAEAA? ANAAAe THNAO. Iaa?oiooaaiiy nenoaie ioe?ithaaiiy ?
ii?iaoea?a o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? thiae?a-noa?oieeaniee?a Iaeanoeie.

Aeena?oaoeiy (?oeiien) ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe
c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy ? nii?oo ci niaoeiaeueiinoi 24.00.02 o?ce/ia
eoeueoo?a, o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy ??cieo a?oi ianaeaiiy, Iaoe?iiaeueiee
oiiaa?neoao oice/iiai aeoiaaiiy i nii?oo Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999 ?.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?icaeyaea?oueny i?iaeaia iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ?ic?iaee
ia`?eoeaii? ?ioi?iaoeaii? nenoaie ioe?ithaaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino?
iaeanoeinueeeo noa?oieeaniee?a a?eii 15 – 19 ?ie?a oa aeei?enoaiiy ??
aeey oni?oiino? c aeenoeeie?ie o?ce/ia aeoiaaiiy o caaaeueiiina?oi?e
oeie?.

?ic?iaeaio nenoaio ioe?ithaaiiy o?ce/ii? i?aeaioiaeaiino? iaa?oioiaaii
aeai?ii aaoa?a? oano?a, ye? iathoue cia/ouee ei?aeyoe?eiee aca?iica`ycie
neaaeiai oa iii??iiai nooiaiy c? cia/aiiyie iniiaieo ooieoe?iiaeueieo
oa?aeoa?enoee i?aai?cio aeine?aeaeoaaiiai eiioeiaaioo o an?o a?eiaeo
a?oiao, ui aeicaiey? a?aene?aeeiaoaaoe icaei?ia/o aoaeoeai?noue i?ioeano
oe?eueiiai o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy.

Io?eiaii iia? aeai? i?i aaeaioaoe?ei? oa aa?iai? cae?aiino? i?aai?cio
iao?aiiaaieo thiae?a-iaeanoeioe?a o/i?a O-O?? eean?a caaaeueiiina?oi?o
oe?e.

Cai?iiiiiaaii ye ?iaeea?aeoaeuei? ii?iaoeae, aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?acoeueoao
eiie?aoiiai oanoo, yeee a?aeiia?aea? ?aeoeiao eiai ioe?iee ia ii?yaeie
aeua.

I?iaaaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe oeaee ?aeoeia?a ioe?iee
??aiy ?icaeoeo ?ooiaeo yeinoae — ?ioaa?aeueii? ioe?iee o?ce/ii?
i?aeaioiaeaiino?; oi?ioeo ?ic?aooieo ioe?iee oni?oiino? i?aeoe/ii?
ae?yeueiino? ia o?ieao o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy; i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??
aeey aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaii? iaoiaeeee ioe?iie o i?aeoeoe? o?ce/iiai
aeoiaaiiy /ieia?/eo caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e Iaeanoeie

Eeth/iai neiaa: iaeanoeinuee? thiaee-noa?oieeanieee, o?ce/ia
i?aeaioiaeai?noue, ioe?iea oni?oiino? c o?ce/iiai aeoiaaiiy, oano,
iaaeaaia?/ia oanooaaiiy, ?aeoeia ioe?iee, ?aiaiaa oeaea

AEUeIAAEAeAEAAE ANAAAe THNAO. Iainiiaaiea nenoaiu ioeaiee e ii?iaoeaia
oece/aneie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe thiioae-noa?oaeeannieeia Iaeanoeiu.

Aeenna?oaoeey (?oeiienue) ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaoe
ii oece/aneiio ainieoaieth e nii?oo ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 24.00.02. —
Oece/aneay eoeueoo?a, oece/aneia ainieoaiea ?aciuo a?oii ianaeaiey,
Iaoeeiiaeueiue oieaa?neoao oece/aneiai ainieoaiey e nii?oa Oe?aeiu,
Eeaa, 1999 a.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaia iainiiaaiey nenoaiu ioeaiee oece/aneie
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe thiioae-iaeanoeioeaa a aic?anoa 15-19 eao, o/aueony
O-O?? eeannia ainoaea?noaaiiuo iauaia?aciaaoaeueiuo ioaeneeo oeie.

Auyaeaii, /oi i?e oaeiaeaoai?eoaeueiii o?iaia aaeaioaoeee, iaeanoeineea
noa?oaeeannieee eiatho ieceee o?iaaiue ay?iaiuo niiniaiinoae e
iaeiyooaeoeaiue iiaa?oiinoiue oa?aeoa? aeuoaiey, i /ai
naeaeaoaeuenoaotho aunieea cia/aiey eiaeaena ?iaeiniia, ieceea cia/aiey
AEAE (a i?aaeaeao 2,6-2,9 e) i?e aunieie /anoioa aeuoaiee a ieiooo.
Auyaeaiiue ia?aoeeiiaeueiue oa?aeoa? aeuoaiey ieacuaaao aeeyiea ia
oece/aneoth iiaeaioiaeaiiinoue. ?acoeueoaou iaaeaaiae/aneiai
oanoe?iaaiey, iniaaiii a oanoao ia i?iyaeaiea auiineeainoe o
iaaethaeaaiiai eiioeiaaioa cia/eoaeueii ioee/athony a ooaeooth noi?iio
ii n?aaiaieth n eo aa?iiaeneeie naa?noieeaie.

I?iaaaeaiiua noaoenoe/aneay ia?aaioea e aiaeec ?acoeueoaoia
iaaeaaiae/aneiai oanoe?iaaiey ia iniiaa o/aoa o?aaiaaiee oai?ee oanoia n
eniieueciaaieai ia?oeaioeeueiiai iaoiaea, iicaieeee ?ac?aaioaoue 20-oe
?aiaiaua oeaeu ?aeoeiaia ioeaiee o?iaiy ?acaeoey aeaeaaoaeueiuo ea/anoa
e oece/aneie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe a oeaeii aeey o/aueony 10-12-o eeannia
ioaeneeo oeie Iaeanoeiu a iyoe oanoao, ioia?aiiuo n iiiiuueth
ei??aeyoeeiiiiai aiaeeca acaeiinaycae iaaeaeo ?acoeueoaoaie a oanoiauo
oi?aaeiaieyo e cia/aieyie ooieoeeiiaeueiuo oa?aeoa?enoee i?aaiecia
iaaethaeaaiuo thiioae.

?ac?aaioaiu oeaeu ii?aaeaeaiey o?iaiy ?acaeoey ioaeaeueiuo
aeaeaaoaeueiuo ea/anoa e oece/aneie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe a oeaeii: i/aiue
ieceiai, ieceiai, ieaea n?aaeiaai, n?aaeiaai, auoa n?aaeiaai, aunieiai
e i/aiue aunieiai. I?e yoii ca n?aaeiee o?iaaiue i?eiyoa ii?ia
i?aiaeaaeathuaai aieueoeinoaa – ?acoeueoaou 50 % thiioae (a ciia aieinoe
io 25 aei 75 ia?oeaioeey).

N oeaeueth iiauoaiey iioeaaoeee e naiiniaa?oainoaiaaieth iaeanoeineeo
noa?oaeeannieeia ?ac?aaioaiu eiaeeaeaeoaeueiua ii?iaoeau oece/aneie
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe:

-eiaeeaeaeoaeueiui ii?iaoeaii neoaeeo ?acoeueoao a eaaeaeii oanoa,
niioaaonoaothuee ?aeoeiao oeaeu ioeaiee ia iaeei ii?yaeie auoa, /ai
oaeoe/aneee ?acoeueoao, iieacaiiue a iiiaio oanoe?iaaiey;

— aeieaeiui ii?iaoeaii o?iaiy oece/aneie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe aeey
eiioeiaaioa iaeanoeineeo noa?oaeeannieeia a aic?anoa 15 – 19 eao neoaeeo
noiia ?aeoeiaia ioeaiee a iyoe oanoao, ?aaiay aa?oiae a?aieoea
aeeaiaciia n?aaeiaai o?iaiy oece/aneie iiaeaioiaeaiiinoe (ii?iu
i?aiaeaaeathuaai aieueoeinoaa).

?ac?aaioaia oaeaea iauaeoeaiay eiee/anoaaiiay ioeaiea oniaaaaiinoe ii
oece/aneiio ainieoaieth ca i?aeoe/aneoth noi?iio aeayoaeueiinoe ia
o?ieao, eioi?ay i?aaie/ii aienuaaaony a nouanoaothuoth nenoaiu
oniaaaaiinoe a oeieao Iaeanoeiu, eiie?aoii eioi?ie?oy o/aueony ia eo
oniaoao e iaoaea/ao a oa/aiea o/aaiiai aiaea.

I?iaaaeaiiua enneaaeiaaiey e aiaae?aiea eo ?acoeueoaoia a oeiea Aao
Oaaeaea e eeoaa Aeaeaaaeey Naeoi?a Aaca iiaeoaa?aeeee /oanoaeoaeueiinoue
e eioi?iaoeaiinoue ?ac?aaioaiiuo ioeaiie aeey eiioeiaaioa i?aeoe/anee
caei?iauo iaeanoeineeo thiioae, iiaunea o ieo iioeaaoeeth e oece/aneiio
naiiniaa?oainoaiaaieth.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: Iaeanoeineea thiioe-noa?oaeeannieee, oece/aneay
iiaeaioiaeaiiinoue, ioeaiea oniaaaaiinoe ii oece/aneiio ainieoaieth,
oano, iaaeaaiae/aneia oanoe?iaaiea, ?aeoeia ioeaiee, ?aiaiaay oeaea.

ASAAD Y. I. ALMAJDALAWI. Substantiation of Evaluation System and norms
of Physical Fitness for Young Palestinian Senior Formers.

The Thesis for a Competition of Candidate of Science Academic Degree in
Physical Education and Sports in speciality 24.00.02 — Physical
cultural, Physical education for different population groups, National
University of Physical education and sport of Ukraine, Kyiv 1999.

This thesis deals with the problem of objective informational system
substantiation and development to evaluate physical fitness in
Palestinian senior schoolboys aged 15-19 and use it in progress
evaluation in physical education for school providing general education.

Developed system of physical fitness evaluation is scientifically
substantiated by selected test battery having significant correlative
interrelation of weak and moderate degrees with the values of major
functional characteristics in the body of contingent observed in all age
groups. That allows to observe recreative efficiency dynamics in the
process of school physical education.

New facts on adaptation and aerobic abilities in the body of untrained
Palestinian boys, pupils of X-XII forms in schools providing general
education, have been obtained.

The result of specific test corresponding to its evaluation rating by
higher order has been proposed to use as individual standards.

Conducted study has provided elaboration of rating scales to evaluate
the level of motor quality development, to evaluate integrally physical
fitness design formula to evaluate progress in practical activity during
physical education sessions; practical recommendations to use elaborated
methods of evaluation in practice of physical education for male
Palestinian schools providing general education.

Key words: Palestinian boys senior pupils, physical fitness, evaluation
of progress in physical education, test, pedagogical testing, evaluation
rating, rank scale.

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