3

I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A??IE*A AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

?ONAIIA Aeaaeeneaa Aaeieueoiae/

OAeE 622.24.085

IAA?OIOOAAIIss ?AOe?IIAEUeIEO OAOIIEIA?*IEO ?AAEEI?A
OAeA?II-A?A?AOe?EIIAI AO??IIss I?AeAIAeIEO NAA?AeEIAEI

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.15.10 — «Ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei»

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaith

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? oaoiieia?? ? oaoi?ee aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueieo
?ia?o Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee —eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio Eae?i?/aiei Ieaa
?aaiiae/, Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao, caa?aeoaa/
eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? ? oaoi?ee aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o,
/eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OA Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe —aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe Ianeieia ?iiai THoeiiae/, AO
«Ao?ai» (i. Aeiiaoeuee), aee?aeoi? c iaoee

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, noa?oee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee Aeai?eue/aiei
?ai? ?aaeieeiiae/ Aei?i?iiao?ianueea a?aeae?eaiiy Oe?a?inueeiai
Aea?aeaaiiai ?inoeoooo i?ia?aeueieo ?ano?n?a (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee),
caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eii

Aaaeo/a i?aai?caoe?y —?inoeooo aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie

(i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee)

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny 16 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 1400 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.080.06 i?e Iaoe?iiaeuei?e
a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie, (320027, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?. Ea?ea
Ia?ena, 19).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 14 o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

I.A.Aioeeoa?ia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. A no/anieo oiiaao ?ioaineaiiai canai?iiy
i?e-aa?aaeii? ciie ? ?icaeoeo iiai? a?o/eciyii? aaeoc? ii?nueeiai
aoae?aieoeoaa iniaeeao aaaeeea?noue iaaoaathoue caaea/ ia?aeeaaeo
oaoi?ee ? oaoiieia?? ?ica?aeee ia oaeueo? ia a?eueo aenieee ??aaiue. sse
iieacothoue aeine?aeaeaiiy ?yaeo ae?iaie-/eo i?aai?caoe?e, aaaeo/eo IAe?
? aoc?a, a oiio /ene? Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo
(AeiiAeOO), aeineoue neeaaeiei ieoaiiyi ? caaacia/aiiy i?aeaeuaieo aeiia
aei yeino? ea?iiai? i?iae i?e iaeii?aeniaiio ao??ii? naa?aeeiaei
aeeaeiith 8 — 10 i a iooeeo a?aeeeaaeaiiyo ii?nueeiai aeia.
Neeaae-i?noue a?aeai?o i?ia a iaca’ycieo a?oioao iiynith?oueny
iayai?noth “iaeueiaiai aoaeoo” a ea?iii?eeiaeuei?e o?oa?, ii/aoie
ianoaiiy yeiai iiaeia a?aeaeaeeoe noai?aiiyi cai?ioii? i?iieaee
naa?aeeiaeie. Aeai? ?ic?iaee ? aeei?enoaiiy caaeeaieo a?ae?ia?a?aoe?eieo
onoaiiaie (OAAI), noai?aieo ia aac? i?eioeeiiaeo noai, ?ic?iaeaieo a
AeiiAeOO, aia?oa a na?oia?e ? a?o/eciyi?e i?aeoeoe? iiea-caee
iiaeeea?noue iaeii?aeniaiai ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei aeeaeiith
aei 6 i i?e aenieoaoaoe?? c iaei- ? n?aaeiueioiiaaeieo ao?iaeo noaeai.
Iaeiae iaaeinoaoiy i?i?iaeai?noue ieoaiue aecia/aiiy iaeano? aoaeoeaii?
?iaioe ianiniiai aeieo (IA), ioe?iee aieeao ?iaioe IA ia aeeiai?eo
caaeeaethaa/a ao?iaiai nia?yaeo, aeyaeaiiy caeaaeiino? oe?eino? ea?io,
?aeniaiai iiaeeaeaiiy ? iaoai?/ii? oaeaeeino? ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo
naa?aeeiaei a?ae oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ?aaeeio ao??iiy ? eiino?oeoe??
ea?iii?eeia/a aei iei?oiueiai /ano i?ecaiaeeoue aei nenoaiaoe/ieo
ia?a?ica?aeie i?aeaiaeieo ?iaeiaeu ?c-ca iaaeinoaoiueiai oaoii-eia?/iiai
caaacia/aiiy ao?iaeo ?ia?o. Oiio caaea/a ?ic?iaee ?aoe?iiaeueii?
oaoiieia?? oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei a
iooeeo ??oioao ? aeoaea aeooaeueiith. ?? ??oaiiy aeicaieeoe i?aeaeueoe
i?iaeoeoeai?noue ao?iaeo ?ia?o ? ye?noue a?aeai?o ea?iiaiai iaoa??aeo
i?e ao??ii? i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei iaeii?aeniaeie aaoiiiiieie
onoaiiaeaie c a?ae?ioaea?iei i?eaaaeaiiyi.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aac-iina?aaeiuei ca’ycaia c iaoeiaei iai?yieii eaoaae?e oaoiieia?? ?
oaoi?ee aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o AeiiAeOO — ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei a
oneeaaeiaieo oiiaao — ? ? /anoeiith aea?aeathaeaeaoii? oaie «?icaeoie
oai??? ? ?ic?iaea oaea?ieo i?eeaae?a ? iaoai?ci?a aeey ao??iiy
naa?aeeiaei a oneeaaeiaieo oiiaao» (oeo? oaie A-3-95).

Iaoa ?iaioe — oeyoii aiae?oe/ieo oa noaiaeiaeo aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ooi/ieoe caeiiii??iino? ?iai/iai oeeeeo a?ae?iaeaeaoia ?
anoaiiaeoe aoaeoeai? iaeano? ?iaioe ianiniiai aeieo a?ae?ioaea?ieo
ao?iaeo nia?yae?a aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy ? ?ic?iaee oaoiieia??
oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei caaeeaieie
iaeii?aeniaeie onoaiiaeaie. A a?aeiia?aeiino? c iinoaaeaiith iaoith aoee
iinoaaeai? ? ae??oai? ianooii? caaea/?:

1. Anoaiiaeoe oa?aeoa? ci?ie ? aieea a?ae?aae?/ieo iii??a a eieiieiaiio
iaai?? ia aia?aaoe/i? ia?aiao?e a?ae?ioaea?iiai caaeeaethaa/a, a yeiio
ii?oaiue a?ae?iaeaeaoia ooieoe?iiaeueii caaacia/o? aeno?aeiee ?oo
??aeeie a ea?iii?eeia/?.

2. Anoaiiaeoe iaeano? aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe ianiniiai aeieo ? ?ic?iaeoe
iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy aea?aeiiai ii?aeiaiiy neeiaeo ? eiino?oeoeaieo
ia?a-iao??a a?ae?ioaea?iiai caaeeaethaa/a ? oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a
ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei ii iooeei inaaeeai eiioeiaioaeueiiai
oaeueoo.

3. Aeyaeoe caeaaei?noue ?aeniaiai iiaeeaeaiiy, aeoiaeo ? oe?eino?
no?oeoo?e ea?io i?e iaeii?aeniaiio ao??ii? naa?aeeiaei a?ae ia?aiao??a
?aaeeio ao??iiy, o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae aeiiieo a?aeeeaaeaiue ?
?ioaineaiino? aeno?aeiiai iioieo ??aeeie a ea?iii?eeiaeuei?e o?oa?.

4. I?iaanoe aeine?aeii-i?iieneiao ia?aa??eo oaoiieia?? ao??iiy ? aeoyao
ea?io c ea?iii?eeia/a onoaiiaee OAAI i?e ao??ii? i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei
aeeaeiith aei 10 i.

?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? a anoaiiaeaii? oa?aeoa?o ? i??e aieeao cai?ioii?
i?iieaee ii?iaeieie ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae caaeeaiiai ao?iaiai nia?yaeo
(CAN) ia ye?noue ea?io, iaoai?/io oaeaee?noue ao??iiy ? ?aeniaa
iiaeeaeaiiy i?iaia?aea??iee?a aeey ?ic?iaee oaoiieia??
oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iinoaaeai? caaea/? ae??ooaaeeny oeyoii aiae?co
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, i?iaaaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?ae-aeaiue, aiae?co oaeoe/iiai iaoa??aeo, io?eiaiiai a ?acoeueoao?
ae?iaie/eo aei?iaoaaiue. Io?eiai? aeeoa?aioe?ei? ??aiyiiy ae??ooaaeenue
ca aeiiiiiaith IAII. I?e i?iaaaeaii? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aoei aeei?enoaii noaiae, ?i?ooth/ee i?e?iaeia caeyaaiiy ianeao ii??ae.
Ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? io?e-iaieo ?acoeueoao?a i?iaiaeeeany oeyoii ?o
aeei?enoaiiy a ae?iaie/eo oiiaao.

Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeiinyoueny ia caoeno:

1. Ca?eueoaiiy iii?o anenaiith ??aeeie c ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae
i?ecaiaeeoue aei ?inoo /ano ?icaiio a?eea a?ae?ioaea?iiai iaoai?cio, ui
cieaeo? /anoioo oaea??a oa aia?a?th ni?aoaea?yiiy a?eea c eiaaaeeii.

2. Nooi?iue aieeao cai?ioii? i?iieaee ia ?aeniaa caaeeaeaiiy, iaoai?/io
oaeaee?noue ao??iiy ? oe?e?noue ea?io aecia/a?oueny ci?iith aeaeaoeo
??aeeie, yea anena?oueny c ea?iii?eeia/a. A?aie/iith oiiaith ii/aoeo
«iaeueiaiai aoaeoo» ? ??ai?noue ianyao ?iai/i? eaia?e ianiniiai aeieo ?
?ici???a eaa?oaoe?eii? ii?iaeieie.

3. Ca?eueoaiiy aeeaeie a?aeai?o oe?eiai ea?io a iooeeo a?oioao
caaac-ia/o?oueny i?aeo?eieith aiie?ooaee a?a?aoe?? aeecueeith aei
?ici??o /anoie a?oioo i?e i?aeo?eioe? iino?eii? cai?ioii? i?iieaee
ii?iaeieie ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

1. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue a?ae?ioaea?iiai iaoai?cio (AI)
iiaea?e-ii? ae??, yea a?ae??ciy?oueny oei, ui aia?oa a?aoiaaii aieea
aeiaeaoeiaiai oeneo i?ae ieaei?i aeeoa?aioe?aeueiei nooiaiai ii?oiy,
yeee aecia/a?oueny a?ae?aa-e?/ieie ii??aie a ii?iaeiei?
ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae, ui aeicaieeei ioe?ieoe i??o aieeao aeo?ao
aia?a?? ia i?eaaaeaiiy ianiniiai aeieo ia oa?aeoa? ?iai/iai oeeeeo ?
aaee/eio neeiaeo ia?aiao??a a?ae?ioaea?iiai iaoai?cio;

2. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue aeeiai?ee ??aeeie a ii?iaeiei?
ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae caaeeaiiai ao?iaiai nia?yaeo, yea
a?ae??ciy?oueny oei, ui aia?oa a?aoiaaia iayai?noue eaa?oaoe?eiiai
i?ioeano a ?iai/?e eaia?? ianiniiai aeieo, ui aeaei iiaeeea?noue
iioe?eoe iaeanoue aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe onoaiiaee OAAI aei aeeaeie
ii?iaoaaiiy 10 i;

3. ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea aeai?o niieo/aiiy ?iai/eo ? eiino?oeoeaieo
ia?aiao??a a?ae?ioaea?ieo iaoei, ui caaacia/othoue caaeai? oaoiieia?/i?
?aaeeie oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy, a ye?e a?aoiaaiee aieea
o?ceei-iaoai?/ieo aeanoeainoae ??oioo ? aeiaaeeie ea?iiai? i?iae ia
aia?aaoe/i? ia?aiao?e a?ae?ioaea?ieea. Ia iniia? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a
?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei a iooeeo
a?aeeeaaeaiiyo ii?nueeiai aeia c a?aeai?ii oe?eiai ea?io.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

· a ??aiyii? aeeiai?ee ii?oiy-a?eea a?ae?ioaea?iiai iaoai?cio
i?aeaiaeii? onoaiiaee aeey oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy aaaaeaii
neeaaeiao, yea aeicaiey? a?aoiaoaaoe aeo?aoe aia?a?? ia i?eaaaeaiiy
aaoaeiaaiiai ianiniiai aeieo cae?enithth/iai cai?ioio i?iieaeo
ii?iaeieie ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae;

· ?ic?iaeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue aeeiai?ee ??aeeie a ?iai/?e eaia??
ianiniiai aeieo, yea aeicaiey? aecia/eoe caeaaei?noue i?iaeoeoeaiino?
ianino a?ae iiaeeaeaiiy ea?iii?eeia/a a a?oio ? i?iaiicoaaoe ii/aoie
ianoaiiy «iaeueiaiai» aoaeoo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

· aecia/ai? i?eionoei? iaeano? a?aeai?o oe?eiai ea?io i?e
oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiio ao??ii? ca iayai?noth cai?ioii? i?iieaee
naa?aeeiaeie;

· cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea aecia/aiiy ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/iiai ?aaeeio
oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy iooeeo a?aeeeaaeaiue ii?nueeiai aeia;

· a?aei?aoeueiaaia ?aoe?iiaeueia oaoiieia?y oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai
ao??iiy i?ae-aiaeieo naa?aeeiaei aeeaeiith aei 10 i aaoiiiiieie
onoaiiaeaie OAAI-130/8.

A??ia?aei?noue ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. A??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a caaacia/o?oueny cia/iei ianyaii oai?aoe/ieo ?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aeecueeith ca?aei?noth ?o
?acoeueoao?a (5 — 10%), c i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi aoaeoeaiino? oaoiieia?/ieo
?aaeei?a a ae?iaie/eo oiiaao.

?aae?caoe?y ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe. Oaoiieia?y ao??iiy aaoiiiiieie
oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eieie onoaiiaeaie OAAI-130/8 i?ieoea ae?iaie/?
aei?iaoaaiiy oa ai?iaaaeaeaia a AeAI «I?e/a?iiii?aaieia?y» ?
aea?aeaaiiio iaeiio aaiaeieia?/iiio i?aei?e?inoa? «Aei?o» i?e ao??ii?
i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei ia oaeueo? *i?iiai ii?y.

Ai?iaaoe?y. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aeiiia?aeaeeny ia
THa?eaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/ai?e 100-??//th c?
aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy O.A. Oaioaaa (Naieo-Iaoa?ao?a, 1993), ia
Ana?in?enuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa-?aioe?? «I?iaeaie
iaoeiai-oaoi?/iiai i?ia?ano a ao??ii? aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeue-ieo
naa?aeeiaei» (Oiinuee, 1994), ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Ao??iiy
naa?aeeiaei a oneeaaeiaieo oiiaao», (Aeiiaoeuee, 1996), ia Ae?oa?e
I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeia?e eiioa?aioe?? nooaeaio?a, ani??aio?a ? iieiaeeo
a/aieo ?i. aeaaeai?ea I.A.Oniaa «I?iaeaie aaieia?? oa iiaioaaiiy iaae?»
(Oiinuee, 1998), ia I?aeia-?iaei?e iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “XXI
noi??//y — i?iaeaie ? ia?niae-oeae iiaioaaiiy ?iaeiaeu ei?enieo eiiaeei”
a IAA Oe?a?ie (Aei?i?i-iao?ianuee, 1998a.), ia iaoeiaeo nai?ia?ao
eaoaae?e «Oaoiieia?y ? oaoi?ea aaieiai?ica?aeoaaeueieo ?ia?o» AeiiAeOO
(1995 — 1998 ??.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ii oai? aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaaii 12 iaoeiaeo ?ia?o.

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y aeeeaaeaia ia 150 noi??ieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo ? neeaaea?oueny c anooio, i’yo? ?icae?e?a,
aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae ?c 110 iaeiaioaaiue, oaenoiaa
/anoeia ?ethno?iaaia 36 iaethieaie, i?noeoue 29 oaaeeoeue ? 14
aeiaeaoe?a.

IAEssAe CI?NOO AeENA?OAOe??

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? ina?oeaiee no/aniee noai ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei ii
i’yeei a??ie/ei ii?iaeai ia oaeueo? ? aeaaoi??yo ii??a, aeae?eai?
iniaeeaino? ao??iiy iaaeeaieeo naa?aeeiaei ? a?aeai?o aeiiieo i?ia a
ii?nueeeo oiiaao, aeaiee aiae?c eaaeeo oaoi?/ieo cania?a ? cania?a
iaeii?aeniaiai ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei.

C ?ic?iaeaieo ca ei?aeiiii a?a?ioaea?ieo aa?aaao?a c a?ae?aae?/iei
i?eaa-aeaiiyi oe?iei a?aeii? onoaiiaee eiiiai?? «Companie Francaise
Geomechanique» (O?aioe?y) ? o??ie «Konrad Stork d’Aarlem»
(I?aea?eaiaee). C a?o/eciyieo onoaii-aie c a?ae?ioaea?iei i?eaaaeaiiyi
ne?ae a?aecia/eoe IAO-72 ? ?? iiaea?i?ciaaiee aa??aio — IOAA-150, ye?
caaacia/oaaee ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei aeeaeiith 4 — 5 i. A iiaeaeueoiio a
AeiiAeOO noai?ai? ? ai?iaaaeaeai? onoaiiaee c ?aeniaei iiaeea-eaiiyi aei
6 i (OAAI-130/8 ? OAAI-150). Ia oaeueo? *i?iiai ii?y ia?aeiieeao
aoaeoeai?noue iieacaea onoaiiaea OAAI-130/8, ciiioiaaia ia
iaoeiai-aeine?ae-iiio noaei? (IAeN) “Oiiac”. Aenie? oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i?
iieacieee aeinyaioo? onoaiiaeaie OAAI-130/8 ? OAAI-150 ia oaeueo? ii??a
E?aeiuei? I?aii/? oa Aeaeueiueiai Noiaeo.

Ia i?aenoaa? aiae?co e?iaia-oeee, eiino?oeoeaieo iniaeeainoae ?
?acoeueoaoeaiino? OAAI a ??cii-iai?oieo oiiaao c?iaeaii aenii-aie i?i
iayai?noue ?aca?a?a i?aeae-uaiiy ?o oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/ieo ?
aenieoaoaoe?eieo iieaciee?a.

A i?ae?icae?e? 1.3 aeaiee aiae?c ?ia?o ii i?aeaeuaiith ?aeniaiai
iiaeeaeaiiy ? caa?aaeaiith ea?ii-aiai iaoa??aeo i?e ao??ii?
naa?aeei-aeie i?aeaiaeieie aaoiiiiieie onoaiiaeaie. I?e aea/aii? ieoaiiy
?icaeyioo? ?iaioe Eoae I.I., An??aa A.A., Oai?inoianueeiai N.N.,
Oaeeiai?eiaa ?.A., Iineiaeoeia A.A., Oiiaiei A.N. ? ?ioeo a/aieo.
Aeine?aeieeaie aecia/aia iniiaia i?e/eia iaiaaeaiiai ?aeniaiai
iiaeeaeaiiy i?e oaea?ii-a?a?a-oe?eiiio ? a?a?aoe?eiiio ao??ii?
i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei, coiiaeaia aeieeiaiiyi «iaeueiaiai» aoaeoo. A
ai?iaiaaieo iaoeiaeo ?ic?iaeao aaoi?e a?aecia/athoue ia?niaeoea-i?noue
onoaiiaie, ui ?aae?cothoue cai?ioio i?iieaeo ii?iaeieie eieiieiai?
o?oae.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co a?aeiieo ?ia?o aecia/aia eiei ieoaiue, yea aeiaaa?
i?iaaaeaiiy eiiieaeno oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
iaeanoae aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe IA onoaiiaie oeio OAAI; aieeao caniao
caaeeaeaiiy i?iaia?aea??ieeo, oi?ie ? ?ici???a ??aeo/i? ie?aeee
«aaoiaeo» ia a??ia?aei?noue no?oeoo?e caeyaaiiy a?oioo a ianea? ? a
ea?iiaiio iaoa??ae?; oaoiieia?? aeoyao ea?io c eieiieiaiai iaai?o a
niaoeeo?/ieo oiiaao ii?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

A i?ae?icae?e? 1.4 aeaiee aiae?c ? iaa?oiooaaiiy i?iaaaeaiiy oai?aoe/ieo
?ia?o ii aaeineiiaeaiith oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai
ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei a ii?iaeao iooeiai eiiieaeno. A a?aeiia?aeiino? c
aeine?aeaeaiiyie, i?iaaaeaieie Aa?eaiii A.A., ?aa?eeii A.I.,
Oaeeiai?eiaei ?.A., iniiaieie oaoiieia?/ieie ia?a-iao?aie
oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy ne?ae aaaaeaoe: /anoioo oaea??a a?eea AI
(n); aia?a?th iaeeie/iiai oaea?o a?eea AI (W); aeaeaoie cai?ioii?
i?iieaee, ui ?icaeaa?oueny IA (q). Oiiaiei A.N. noiniaii aei onoaiiaie
IOAA ? OAAI c?iaeaia ni?iaa ca’ycaoe iiaea/o IA c /anoioith iiaea?eieo
oiae?a, i?eioneath/e aaee/eio q caeaaeiith a?ae ianyao ?iai/i? eaia?e IA
? /anoioe n.

A ae?eniino?, aeniei/anoioiee ?aaeei ?iaioe aeoeneoaa/a IA iiaea
i?ecaanoe aei ?icaeoeo a ?iai/?e eaia?? IA eaa?oaoe?eiiai i?ioeano ?, ye
iane?-aeie, aei cieaeaiiy aai i?eieiaiiy oee?eoeyoe?? a ii?iaeiei?
ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae. A ca’yceo c oeei, canoinoaaiiy a
oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eieo i?iaia?aea??ieeao aaoaeiaaiiai ianina coiiaeth?
iaiao?aei?noue aecia/aiiy iaeano? aoaeoeaii? ?iaioe IA aeey a?oio?a c
??cieie o?ceei-iaoai?/ieie aeanoeainoyie.

Aeey oni?oiiai ??oaiiy caaea/? aecia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueiiai ii?aeiaiiy
?iai/eo ? eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a AI ? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
?aaeeio ao??iiy aaaeeeai? ? caaea/a ooi/iaiiy ?ic?aooieiai? iiaeae? AI c
anoaiiaeaiiyi ?noioiino? aieeao aeo?ao iiooaeiino? a?ae?iaeaeaoia AI ia
i?eaaaeaiiy IA.

A ae?oaiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? oai?aoe/i? ?ic?iaee oaoiieia??
iaeii?aeniaiai ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei ? a?aeai?o i?ia ??oioo
oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eieie i?iaia?ae-a??ieeaie.

A i?ae?icae?e? 2.1 aeeiiai? oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ii ioe?ioe? aieeao
oiia ?iaioe IA a?ae?ia?a?aoe?eieo onoaiiaie OAAI ia aia?aaoe/i?
ia?aiao?e a?ae?ioaea?iiai caaeeaethaa/a. Iniaeea?noue AI, i?aoethth/eo a
neeaae? a?ae?i-a?a?aoe?eieo i?iaia?aea??iee?a iieyaa? a oiio, ui
a?ae?iaeaeaoi AI a oa/?th oeeeeo ?aae?co? aea? caaea/?: 1).?ica?i ?
ia?ai?uaiiy a?eea aei cono??/? c eiaaaeeii; 2).Iiaeieaiiy iii??a i?ae
iaeei nooiaiai aeeoa?aioe?eiiai ii?oiy, coiiaeaieo ?iaioith IA.

?en. 1. ?ic?aooieiaa noaia onoaiiaie oeio OAAI ? IOAA

S — iiaiee o?ae a?eea; S1 — ?iai/ee o?ae a?eea; S2 — a?eueiee o?ae
a?eea; x — ei-i?aeeiaoa ia?ai?uaiiy a?eea AI; P — oene a oeee?iae?? AI;
G — aaaa a?eea AI; x0 — eii?aeeiaoa ia?ai?uaiiy a?eueii? ii-aa?oi?
??aeeie a ?iai/?e eaia?? IA; Q — aeaeaoie ?iai/i? ??aeeie; F1 — ieiua
ia?a-oeio ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae; FE — iei-ua ia?aoeio ea?io; FO —
ieiua ia?aoe-io aeoeneoaa/a IA; F2 — ieiua e?eueoea-aiai caci?o; l —
aeiaaeeia eieiieiaiai iaai?o; l1 —aeiaaeeia iacaiiaiaii? /anoe-ie
eieiieiai? o?oae; Z0 — aeeaeia aeaa-oi???; Z1 — caaeeaeaiiy IA i?ae
??aaiue ii?y;

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeiai?ee cai?ioii-iinooiiaiai ?ooo a?eea i?eionea?
iayai?noue ??oaiiy, ui a?aoiao? iiaiee aca?iica’ycie i?ioean?a, ui
i?io?eathoue ia an?o oacao ?iai/iai oeeeeo AI. Oiio aei o?aaeeoe?eiiai
iaai?o nee a oeee?iae?? AI aeiaea?oueny aeiaeaoeiaa neeaaeiaa P,
coiiaeaia ?ooii ??aeeie a eieiieia?e o?oa? c? oaeaee?noth,
i?iii?oe?eiith oaeaeeino? ia?ai?uaiiy ii?oiy (dx/dt), ? yea ci?ith?oueny
ii i??? ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaeeie ea?io (l2):
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(1)aea — eiao?oe??io i?iii?oe?eiino?, yeee oa?aeoa?eco? oiiae
oi?ioaaiiy ea?io a eieiieia?e o?oa?.

A a?aeiia?aeiino? c oai?aoe/ieie ?ic?iaeaie, aeeiiaieie Iaoaea/eiei
A.?., Eieiiieoe?i A.A., Eae?i?/aiei I.?. ? c o?aooaaiiyi (1) ??aiyiiy
aeeiai?ee ii?oiy AI onoaiiaie OAAI caieno?oueny ni?aa?aeiioaiiyi
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(2)??oaiiy (2) aea? iiaeeea?noue io?eiaoe caeaaei?noue aeey aecia/aiiy
oaeaeeino? a?eea a e?ioe? ?iai/iai oiaeo (V1)
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(3)A oi?ioe? (3) iaa?aeiia aaee/eia /ano ?iai/iai oiaeo a?eea (t1)
anoaiiaeth?oueny c oiiae ia?ic?eai?no? iioieo ??aeeie (4):
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(4)a
ea PAe — aeiaeaoeiaee oene a oeee?iae?? AI, ye?e ? e?euee?niith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith aia?a?? iioieo ??aeeie, iaiao?aeii? aeey i?eaaaeaiiy a
ae?th AI.
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(5)Oiiai? iicia/ee, ui aeei?enoathoueny a ??aiyiiyo (2), (3), (4), (5):
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— i?enei?aiiy a?eea AI; m — iana
a?eea AI; PAO — a?ae?ioaea?ia neeaaeiaa oeneo ??aeeie a ?iai/iio
oeee?iae?? AI; R — noia?i? a?ae?aae?/i? ? iaoai?/i? ii??? a AI;
—aonoeia ?iai/i? ??aeeie AI; c — oaeaee?noue ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
a?ae?ioaea?ii? oaee? a o?oaii?iaiae?; F — ieiua ii?oiy AI; k —
eiao?oe??io aeo?ao ??aeeie ia ?iai/iio oiae?.

?io? oiiai? iaeeieoe? iaaaaeai? a i?aeiaethii/iiio iaien? (?en. 1).

Aeey ??oio?a, ui caa??aathoue a eieiieia?e o?oa? oeee?iae?e/io oi?io,
aaee/eio iiaeia ?ic?aooaaoe ii oi?ioe?:
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(6)aea — aeeiai?/ia aeaee?noue
i?iieai/ii? ??aeeie; — caci? i?ae ea?iii ? ea?ii-i?eeiaeueiith o?oaith;
dO — ae?aiao? ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae; g — i?enei-?aiiy a?eueiiai
iaae?iiy;

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ??oaiiy ??aiyiiy (4) iieaco? iacia/ia cieaeaiiy
/anoioe iiaea?eieo oiae?a a?eea AI (aei 0,5…1,6%) i?e ci?i? aeiaaeeie
ea?io c 0 aei 9 i (oaae. 1).

A i?ae?icae?e? 2.2 aeeiiaia oai?aoe/ia ioe?iea aeiionoeii? iaeano?
?iaioe IA caaeeaieo a?ae?ia?a?aoe?eieo onoaiiaie. Noiniaii aei
?icaeyaeoaaii? a?ae?aae?/ii? nenoaie oa?aeoa? ?ooo ??aeeie a ?iai/?e
eaia?? IA caieno?oueny ?ioaa?aeii Aa?ioe? aeey ianoaeiai ?ooo aeaeei?
??aeeie.

Oaaeeoey 1 — Caeaaei?noue /anoioe iiaea?eieo oiae?a (n) a?ae caiiaiaiiy
eieiieiaiai iaai?o l2 i?e ia?an?/aii? ??oio?a c ae?aiao?ii /anoie

l2, i, in, n-1, in, n-1, iin,
n-100,00128,8470,000528,8470,0002528,84730,00128,8470,000528,8270,000252
8,81060,00128,8290,000528,8240,0002528,79290,00128,8270,000528,8190,0002
528,774

??oaiiy ?ioaa?aeo Aa?ioe?, c o?aooaaiiyi oiiae ia?ic?eaiino? iioieo
??aeeie, aea? caeii ia?ai?uaiiy a?eueii? iiaa?oi? ??aeeie a ?iai/?e
eaia?? IA:
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(7)aea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 — iaaaaeaia aeiaaeeia eieiieiaiai iaai?o; I — iaaaaeaiee
a?ae?aae?/iee ii?? eieiieiaiai iaai?o; PAAE — aaeooiao?e/iee oene
i?oaeieo ia??a ??aeeie; Pa — aoiinoa?iee oene iia?o?y.

I?e oeeaaeaiiy ??aiyiiy aeeiai?ee a?eueii? iiaa?oi? ??aeeie a ?iai/?e
eaia?? IA c?iaeaia i?eiouaiiy, ui a iiiaio /ano t=0 iaae iiaa?oiath
ciaoiaeyuaeny a noai? niieith ??aeeie aeieea? ii?iaeieia, caiiaiaia
i?oaeieie ia?aie aiaee (eaa?oaoe?eia ii?iaeieia). Eaa?oaoe?eiee i?ioean
a ?iai/?e eaia?? IA aoaea iaoe i?noea eeoa ca oiiae, eiee i?enei?aiiy
ia?ai?uaiiy aeoeneoaa/a ia?aaeuo? i?enei?ai-iy iiaa?oi? ??aeeie (4).
Ni?eueia ??oaiiy (2) ? (7) aeanoue iiaeeea?noue i?inoaaeeoe aeeiai?eo
aeieeiaiiy ? ?icaeoeo eaa?oaoe?eiiai i?ioeano a ?iai/?e eaia?? IA.

Ia a?ao?eao ci?ie i?iaeoeoeaiino? IA cai?ioii? i?iieaee a caeaaeiino?
a?ae caaeeaeaiiy i?iaia?aea??ieea a iooe? a?aeeeaaeaiiy (?en. 2)
ai?eciioaeueia e?i?y I’ — I’ a?aeiia?aea? ieoiiiio aeaeaoeo i?iieai/ii?
??aeeie aeey caaeaiiai a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo ? u?eueiino? ii??ae.

?en. 2. Caeaaei?noue i?iaeoeoeaiino? ianiniiai aeieo Q (a % a?ae
iaene-iaeueii?) a?ae caaeeaeaiiy nia?yaeo (l2) i?e ae?aiao?? /anoie
??oioo d0=0,5 ii ? /anoio? oaea??a a?eea n= 20 Aoe

Ioaea, i?e ia?aoiae? oa?aeoa?enoeee IA a iaeanoue ieae/a e?i?? I’ — I’
oaeaee?noue aeno?aeiiai iioieo noa? iaio e?eoe/ii?, ianoa? caioethaaiiy
e?eueoeaaiai caci?o, ui i?eaiaeeoue aei i?eieiaiiy oee?eoeyoe??. A
aeaieo oiiaao oaeoe/ia i?iaeoeoeai?noue IA noa? ??aiith ioeth a
iane?aeie c?inoaiiy ?ici???a eaa?oaoe?eii? ii?iaeieie aei aaee/eie
?iai/i? eaia?e IA. Ii/eia?oueny «iaeueiaee aoaeo», yeee i?eaiaeeoue aei
ii?ooaiiy yeino? ea?io ? cieaeaiith iaoai?/ii? oaeaeeino? ao??iiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaeoeoeaii-no? IA i?e ??ciiiai?oiiio caaeeaeaii?
«aaoiaeo» eieiiei-aiai iaai?o i?ae ??aaiue ii?y i?e /anoio? oaea??a,
iioeiaeueii? aeey eiie?aoiiai a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo ??oioo,
aeicaiey? oai?a-oe/ii iaa?oiooaaoe iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?aiiy iaeano?
canoinoaa-iiy onoaiiaie OAAI aei 8…10 i.

A i?ae?icae?e? 2.3 cai?iiiii-aaia iaoiaeeea aeai?o ?aoe?i-iaeueiiai
ii?aeiaiiy ?iai/eo ? eiino?oeoeaieo ia?aiao??a AI ? oaoiieia?/ieo
?aaeei?a ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei.

Iniiai? aeiiae aei iaoiaee-ee aeai?o iiaeia noi?ioethaaoe ianooiiei
/eiii: eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e AI iiaeii? caaacia/oaaoe caaeaio
aiie?ooaeo ? /anoioo a?a?aoe?? aeey caaeeaeaiiy a a?oio eiie?aoiiai
a?aioeiiao?e/iiai neeaaeo; ii?aeiaiiy eiino?oeoeaieo ? ?iai/eo
ia?aiao??a iiaeiii aa?aiooaaoe io?eiaiiy aeinoaoi?o aia?aaoe/ieo
iieaciee?a aeey caaeeaeaiiy i?iaia?aea??ieea a a?oio; aaoaeiaaiee IA
iiaeiai caaacia/oaaoe oeeee?/io oee?eoeyoe?th ??aeeie a ii?iaeiei?
ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae i?ioyaii an??? aeiaaeeie ?aeno.

Io?eiai? a ?acoeueoao? ?ic?aooieo oai?aoe/i? cia/aiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a ?aaeeio ao??iiy, a oaeiae eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e ?
?ic?aooieia? ?iai/? ia?aiao?e AI iaaaaeai? a?aeiia?aeii a oaae. 2, 3.

Oaaeeoey 2 — ?aoe?iiaeuei? oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e ao??iiy a iaca’ycieo
??oioao

?Iaeiaioaaiiy ii?iaeed0, iin, c-1W, Aeaeq, e/oa.lC, i1.I?nie aeoaea
e?oiiee1… 220,8354,2789,52.I?nie e?oiiee0,5… 121,2847,935A?eueo
103.I?nie na?aaei?e0,25… 0,523,1133,415A?eueo 104.I?nie ae??aiee0,1…
0,2529,3118,66,88,55.I?nie oiieee0,05… 0,133,3312,14,18,0lN —
i/?eoaaiee iiiaio ianoaiiy «iaeueiaiai» aoaeoo.

I?e oeueiio eiino?oeoeai? ia?aiao?e AI: aeiaaeeia — 2134 ii; ciai?oi?e
ae?aiao? ei?iona — 127 ii; ae?aiao? ii?oiy — 80 ii; ae?aiao? ooiea — 52
ii; o?ae ii?oiy caaaeueiee — 25 ii; o?ae ii?oiy ?iai/ee — 22 ii; o?ae
a?eueiee — 3 ii; o?ae eeaiai?a — 6 ii; iana a?eea — 80 ea.

Oaaeeoey 3 — ?ic?aooieia? ?iai/? ia?aiao?e AI

Q, e/oa.n, c-1P, IIaW, AeaeNY, eAoNI,
eAoE.E.Ae.,%15016,11,2564,91,03,133,318019,91,94102,82,05,835,221023,92,
82151,63,69,936,624027,93,92211,95,915,737,727032,15,26284,49,123,738,63
0036,46,85369,813,434,239,3NY — aoaeoeaia iiooaei?noue AI; NI —
i?ea?aeia iiooaei?noue AI.

A o?aoueiio ?icae?e? i?eaiaeeoueny ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue aieeao
oiia ?iaioe IA onoaiiaee OAAI-130/8 ia aia?aaoe/i? ia?aiao?e AI
caaeeaethaa/a, aeacai? caaea/? ? aeaia iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, i?eaaaeai? iaeaaeiaiiy ? aia?aoo?a. Aeine?aeaeaiiy ii
anoaiiaeaiith aieeao oiia ?iaioe IA ia ?iai/o oa?aeoa?enoeeo AI
caiaeeeeny aei ioe?iee aaee/eie ci?i oaeaeeino? ?ooo a?eea ca iayaiino?
iii??a i?ae ooieii iaoai?cio oeyoii aiae?co inoeeeia?ai oaeaeeino?
ia?ai?uaiiy a?eea ? i?iaiaeeeeny ia niaoe?aeueiiio noaiae?, yeee
aeicaiey? cae?enithaaoe eiiieaen aeine?aeaeaiue ? iaea?aeoaaoe aeai?,
aeey aecia/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae ?iaioe AI.

A i?ae?icae?e? 3.3 aeeeaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao oiia
?iaioe IA ia aia?aaoe/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee AI i?aeaiaeiiai i?iaia?aea??ieea
OAAI-130/8. Anueiai aoei ae?iaeaii 4 na??? iieo?a. Iaeia c ieo aac
a?aooaaiiy iii??a i?ae ooieii IA, a a o?ueio ?ioeo o anenath/?e e?i?? IA
a?aeoai?thaaeeny iii?e, i???ioiaii a?aeiia?aei? oiiaai ?ooo ??aeeie a
eieiieia?e o?oa? c aenioith eieiiee ea?ia 3, 6 ? 9 i. Noaoenoe/ia
ia?iaea io?eiaieo a ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioo aeaieo, aeeiiaia c
aeiiiiiaith IAII, iieaco?, ui caeaaeiino? /anoioe (n) ? ia?aaeoaea?ii?
oaeaeeino? (V1) a?ae aeiaaeeie ea?ia iiaeooue aooe ai?ieneiiaai?
ianooiieie ae?acaie (oaae. 4).

Oaaeeoey 4 — ?acoeueoaoe noaoenoe/ii? ia?iaee aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo

Q, e/oa.E?ioeaa? iii?e i?ae ooieii IAEi?aeyoe?eial=0l=3; 6; 9
ia?aeiioaiiy180picscalex100010009000003e60000000200170000000000050000000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,968 — 0,996-‘
-picscalex100010009000003e6000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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,968 —
0,996240picscalex1000100090000035000000000000e00000000000500000009020000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,968 — 0,996-‘
-picscalex130010009000003e6000000020017000000000005000000090200000000040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,968 — 0,996A ?acoeueoao? aiae?co
aenia?e-iaioaeueieo inoeeeia?ai (?en. 3) iiaeia c?iaeoe ianooiiee
aeniiaie: ao?aoe aoaeoeaii? iiooaeiino? a?ae?iaeaeaoia AI ia i?eaaaeaiiy
IA aeey noai?aiiy oee?eoeyoe?? ??aeeie a eieiieia?e o?oa?, caiiaiaii?
ea?iii, ia ia?aaeuothoue 3,5% i?e ci?i? aeeaeie ao??iiy a?ae 0 aei 9 i.
?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? a i?ioean? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o,
i?aeoaa?aeaeothoue a??ia?aei?noue aeeeaaeaieo a ?icae?e? 2.1 oai?aoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

?en. 3. Inoeeeia?aie oaeaeeino? a?eea

1 — l=0 i, 2 — l=9 i;

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue i?ioeano iaeii?aeniaiai ao??iiy ? a?aeai?o i?ia ii??ae
iooeiai eiiieaeno oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eieie i?iaia?aea??ieeaie, aeeeaaeai?
caaea/? ? iaoiaeeea aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue ii aeyaeaiith i??e
aieeao caniao caaeeaeaiiy i?iaia?aea??ieea ia ye?noue c?ace?a ea?ia, a
oaeiae aieeao eiino?oeoeaieo iniaeeainoae i?iaia?aea??ieea ?
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ?aaeeio ao??iiy ia ci?io yeino? ea?io ?
iaoai?/io oaeaee?noue ao??iiy.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?iaeyeeny a aeaa aoaie. Ia ia?oiio aoai? — a
eaai?a-oi?ieo oiiaao c aeei?enoaiiyi niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiiai noaiaeo,
?i?ooth/iai ai?eciioaeueii-oa?iaa caeyaaiiy ii??ae i?uaii-aeeiynoiai
eiiieaeno

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny ia
?ia?oie/eo ae?eueieoeyo AAI «I?e/a?iiii?aaieia?y» ia i?ai?/ii-cao?aei?e
/anoei? oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y. A ae?iaie/eo oiiaao ooi/ithaaeeny aeai?
ia?oiai aoaio i?iaia?aea??o ? ae?iaeyeeny eiie?aoi? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii
oaoiieia?? oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy.

A i?ae?icae?e? 4.2 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy caeaaeiino? i??e
ii?ooaiino? a??nueei? ii?iaee a c?aceao ea?io a?ae caniao caaeeaeaiiy ?
eiino?oeoe?? ea?iii?eeiaeue-iiai nia?yaeo.

A i?ioean? aenia?eiaioo aea/aii a?eueo 30 c?ace?a ea?io a?ae?a?aieo
aoaeiiieie caniaaie ? oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiei caniaii. O?aaiaio
iiacaeiaaeiueiai ?ic??co c?ace?a ea?io iieacaiee ia ?en. 4.

?en. 4 Iiacaeiaaei?e ?icoei c?ace?a ea?io. Ii??aiyiiy oaeaaethaaiiy (a)
oa a?ae?ioaea?iiai caniao c i?iieaeith (a) ? (a).

Na??y eaai?aoi?ieo aenia?eiaio?a aeicaiey? c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee:

a).Oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiee can?a caaeea-eaiiy i?iaia?aea??ieea aeanoue
iiaeeea?noue iaea?aeoaaoe caaeia?euei? ca ye?noth c?acee ea?io, ye?
iacia/ii a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae c?ace?a a?ae?a?aieo oaeaaethaaiiyi ?
oaea?iei caniaii;

a).Iayai?noue cai?ioii? i?iieaee ni?ey? c?inoaiith iaoai?/ii? oaeaeeino?
ao??iiy ? cieaeo? ?iia??i?noue ianoaiiy “iaeueiaiai” aoaeoo;

a).?aoe?iiaeueieie oaoiieia?/ieie ia?aiao?aie ?aaeeio ao??iiy ne?ae
aaa-aeaoe: aia?a?th oaea??a — 120…180 Aeae, /anoioo oaea??a — 18…28 Aoe;

a).Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii (ia i?aenoaa? oai?aoe/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e Oiiaiei A.N. ? Oaeeiai?eiaa ?.A.), ui iaea?eueoa
oe?e?noue ea?io caaacia/othoueny oi?iith ii?iaei?oeioaaeueiiai «aaoiaeo»
c ianooiieie ia?aiao?aie: eoo i?e-aino?aiiy iiaa?oi? —27…300; aenioa
eiiona i?eaino?aiiy — 10…15 ii.

A i?ae?icae?e? 4.3 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aea/aiiy aieeao ia?aiao??a
a?ae?ioaea?ii? iaoeie ? aaee/eie ?ioaineaiino? cai?ioii? i?iieaee ia
iaoai?/io oaeaee?noue, ?aeniao i?ioiaeeo ? aeo?ae ea?io (oaae. 4).

Oaaeeoey 5 — Aieea ia?aiao??a AI ? ?ioaineaiino? cai?ioii? i?iieaee ia
iaoai?/io oaeaee?noue (VIAO), ?aeniao i?ioiaeeo (l?) ? aeo?ae ea?io (AE)

n, n-1W, Aeaeq, e/oa.VIAO, i/oa.l?,
iAE,%I?ei?oee27,1108-1,211,9100Oieueaa36,0194,4-1,641,9100ii44,8284-1,67
2,1100e?eueoeth27,110842,31,84373Oieueaa36,0194,445,62,16367iaai?a-44,82
8464,82,64368e?eueoeai27,110842,31,86392Oieueaa36,0194,445,62,11394ii44,
828464,82,62389e?eueoeth

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeoaa?aeeee iiceoeaiee aieea cai?ioii?
i?iieaee ia c?inoaiiy iaoai?/ii? oaeaeeino? ao??iiy ? ?aeniaiai
caaeeaeaiiy. Ca?eueoaiiy /anoioe oaea??a a?eea AI aaaea aei cia/iiai
(aei 38 — 43%) ca?eue-oaiiy iaoai?/ii? oaeaeeino? ao??iiy i?e aeayeiio
cieaeaii? iieacieea aeoiaeo ea?ia, ui iiaiaeaeo?oueny c oai?aoe/ieie
aeniiaeaie i?i aieea c?inoaiiy ?ici???a eaa?oaoe?eii? ii?iaeieie a
?iai/?e eaia?? IA ia ye?noue ea?io.

A i’yoiio ?icae?e? i?eaiaeyoueny aeai? ii aecia/aiith
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ii? aoaeoeaiino? oaoi?/ieo cania?a ? oaoiieia?/ieo
?aaeei?a ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei ia oaeueo?. A i?ae?icae?e? 5.1 iaaeai?
?acoeueoaoe ae?iaie/eo ?nieo?a ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? aeoyao ea?io
aeiaaeeiith 6 i c ea?iii?eeia/a onoaiiaee OAAI-130/8. A?aei?a-oethaaiiy
oaoiieia?? aeoyao ea?io aeeiiaii ia niaoe?aeueii ?ic?iaeaiiio noaiae?,
?i?ooth/iio ?iai/ee iaeoaiee i?ino?? IAeN «Oiiac». Ae?iaie/? ?nieoe
i?iaiaeeeeny ia ?ia?oie/eo ae?eueieoeyo AAI «I?e/a?iiii?aaieia?y» ia
i?ai?/ii-cao?aei?e /anoei? oaeueoo *i?iiai ii?y.

A ?acoeueoao? ae?iaie/eo aei?iaoaaiue ?ic?iaeaia ? ai?iaaaeaeaia
«?ino?oeoe?y ii io?eiaiith eiiaeeoe?eiiai aeoiaeo ea?io caaeeaiith
a?ae?ia?a?aoe?eiith onoaiiaeith OAAI-130/8» ? «Oei/ania? ?ino?oeoeai?
aeac?aee ii oaoiieia?? ? aacia/iei i?eeiiai aeoyao ea?io».

A i?ae?icae?e? 5.2 aeeeaaeai? iaoa ? iaoiaeeea ae?iaie/eo ?nieo?a
oaoiieia?? iaeii?aeniaiai ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei aeeaeiith 8 — 10 i
a?ae?ia?a?aoe?eiei onoa-iiaeaie. Ia’?eoii ?nieo?a aoa iiaea?ieciaaiee
aa??aio a?ae?ia?a?aoe?ei?e onoa-iiaee OAAI-130/8I, ciiioiaaiee ia IAeN
“Oiiac” AAI «I?e/a?iiii?aaiei-a?y». Iaoith ae?iaie/eo ?nieo?a ?
anoaiiaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy onoaiiaee OAAI-130/8I aeey
aea/aiiy aaieia?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee /aoaa?oei-ieo a?aeeeaaeaiue
ii?nueeiai aeia c ieaao/eo i?aenoaa, icaeiaeaieo aaioaaeii?ae-eiiiei
iaeaaeiaiiyi iaei? iiooaeiino? c iaiaaeaiei aee?oii aaioaaeii? no??ee.

A i?ae?icae?e? 5.3 iaaaaeai? iniiai? iieacieee, aeinyaioo? i?e
ai?iaaaeaeaii? oaoi?/ieo ?ic?iaie ? oaoiieia?? iaeii?aeniaiai ao??iiy
i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei. ?nieoe i?iaiaeeeeny a aeaa aoaie. Ia ia?oiio c
ieo, c iaoith aecia/aiiy iaeneiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae aaeineiiaeaii?
onoaiiaee OAAI-130/8I aoea i?ieaeaia aenia?eiaioaeueia naa?aeeiaeia,
aeeaeiith 8,3 i. C?iaeaii aeniiaie, ui ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei
aeeaeiith 8 ? a?eueo iao??a onoaiiaeith OAAI-130/8I i?eioeeiiai iiaeeeaa
? ?aae?co?oueny ca ?aooiie aenieeo aia?aaoe/ieo ? aenieoaoaoe?eieo
iieaciee?a onoaiiaee ca oiiae aeio?eiaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueii? oaoiieia??
ao??iiy ? aeoyao eiiaeeoe?eiiai e?aio.

Iiaeaeueo? ?nieoe i?iaiaeeeeny c onoaiiaeith, c?acie yei? ieioa
iiia?aaei? ?nieoe i?e ao??ii? aeina?aeii? naa?aeeiaeie. Iniiaiee ianya
?nieo?a aeeiiaiee i?e ??oaii? eiie?aoii? aaieia?/ii? caaea/? a
i?eaa?aaei?e cii?, yea i?eeyaa? aei Oaiae?ianueei? eine (*i?ia ii?a). A
?acoeueoao? ?nieo?a aeeiiaia ?iaioa ii aecia/aiith ?aoe?iiaeueieo
ia?aiao??a ?aaeeio ao??iiy ? ooi/iai? iaeano? canoinoaaiiy oaoiieia??.
Iiaea?i?caoe?y, ae?iaeaia c eieiieiaei iaai?ii, a oaeiae ?aoaeueia
aeio?eiaiiy oaoiieia?? ao??iiy ii iooeeo ii?iaeao aeicaieeei aeinyaiooe
i?aeoe/ii aaniethoiiai aeoiaeo ea?io 100% (oaae. 6).

Oaaeeoey 6 — Ae?iaie/? aeai? aenieoaoaoe?? OAAI-130/8I

? i/iIaeiaioaaiiy aeiiieo a?aeeeaaeaiueCaaaeueiee ianya ao??iiy,
iIiooaei?noue ii naa?aeeiaei?, iAeo?ae ea?io, %1.I?nie
i?eeica?ienoee33,25,11002.I?nie na?aaeiueica?ienoee5,02,91003.Aeaa?eo
i’yeiieanoe/iee1,61,01004.Aeaa?eo ieanoe/iee1,30,81005.Aeaa?eo
ooaiieanoe/iee2,10,91006.*a?aiaoa/iee9,42,11007.Ioe aeeiynoee47,74,6100A
i?ae?icae?e? 5.4 cai?iiiiiaai? ia?niaeoeae canoinoaaiiy ?ic?iaie i?e
aaiei-ai?ica?aeoaaeueieo ? ?iaeaia?ii-aaieia?/ieo iiooeao ia oaeueo?,
aiae?c oaiaeaioe?e canai?iiy oaeueoiai? ciie Na?oiaiai ieaaio ? ciie
«e?eoe/iiai i?eeiaiaeaey». C oe??th iaoith aeioe?eueii aanoe ?ic?iaeo
oaoi?/ieo cania?a ? oaoiieia?? ao??iiy c i?aeaeuaiith aeeaeiith
ii?iaoaaiiy (12 ? a?eueo iao??a) c iaei- ? na?aaeiueioiiaaeieo
ieaacania?a, ui ?noioii cieceoue aa?o?noue 1 i.i. ao??iiy.

AENIIAEE

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeeiiai? iaoeiai-aeine?aei? ?ic?iaee
?aoe?iiaeueii? oaoiieia?? oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy iaaeeaieeo
naa?aeeiaei a inaaeiaeo ii?iaeao, neeaaeath/eo ii?nueea aeii. Aeaia
??oaiiy aeooaeueii? caaea/?, ui iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? ?aoe?iiaeueieo
oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo
naa?aeeiaei ia eiioeiaioaeueiiio oaeueo?, ye? caaacia/othoue i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? ea?iiaiai iaoa??aeo ca oiiae caa?aaeaii? aenieeo iieaciee?a
iaoai?/ii? oaeaeeino? ao??iiy ? aeinyaiaiiy caaeaiiai ?aeniaiai
caaeeaeaiiy i?iaia?aea??ieea (8 — 10 i).

Iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, aeniiaee ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iieyaathoue a
ianooiiiio:

1. Oai?aoe/ii anoaiiaeaii oa aenia?eiaioaeueii i?aeoaa?aeaeaii, ui
ca?eueoaiiy iii?o anenaiith a ii?iaeiei? ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae, yea
iaoiiaeaii c?inoaiiyi aeiaaeeie ea?iiai? i?iae ii i??? caaeeaeaiiy c 0
aei 9 i i?iaia?aea??ieea, icaeiaeaiiai a?ae?ioaea?iei caaeeaethaa/ai ?
aaoaeiaaiei ianinii cai?ioii? i?iieaee, i?ecaiaeeoue aei cieaeaiiy
/anoioe oaea??a a?eea ia 0,2…0,4% oa aia?a?? ni?aoaea?yiiy a?eea c
eiaaaeeii ia 3,5…3,7%.

2. C?inoaiiy eaa?oaoe?eii? ii?iaeieie i?ae aeoeneoaa/ai ianino a oiae?
anenaiiy iaoiiaeaii ca?eueoaiiyi a?ae?aae?/ieo iii??a a
ea?iii?eeiaeuei?e o?oa? ii i??? caaeeaeaiiy i?iaia?aea??ieea a a?oio.
Ca?eueoaiiy eaa?oaoe?eii? ii?iaeieie aei ?ici??o ?iai/i? eaia?e
ianiniiai aeieo a?aeiia?aea ii/aoeo «iaeueiaiai» aoaeoo, yeee ianoa? ia
aeeaei? 8 i i?e ??ai? ii?y 10 i oa 10i i?e ??ai? ii?y a?eueo 10 i, ca
oiiaaie i?aeo?eiee aiie?ooaee a?a?aoe?? aeecueeith aei ?ici??o /anoee
a?oioo.

3. Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii ia i?aenoaa? ii??aiyiiy c aoaeiiieie
c?aceaie, a?ae?a?aieie aoaeiiieie caniaaie (oaeaaethaaiiy ? caaeaiee),
ui ca iayaiino? cai?ioii? i?iieaee a ii?iaeiei? ea?iii?eeiaeueii? o?oae
oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiee can?a ao?eaiiy i?iaia?aea??ieea aeicaiey?
a?aeae?aoe ea?i iaeici?iaiiai o?ceei-iaoai?/iiai noaio, ooi/iai?
ia?aiao?e ??aeo/i? ie?aeee «aaoiaeo» i?iaia?aea??ieea, ui aeicaieythoue
?aae?coaaoe iaeneiaeueio iaoai?/io oaeaee?noue ao??iiy c caa?aaeaiiyi
yeino? ea?iiai? i?iae (eoo i?eaino?aiiy — 270 — 300; aenioa eiiona
i?eaino?aiiy — 10 — 15 ii).

4. Cai?iiiiiaaii iaoiaeeeo aecia/aiiy /anoioe oaea??a a?eea
a?ae?ioaea?iiai iaoai?cio, aia?a?? iaeeie/iiai oaea?o ? cii aoaeoeaii?
?iaioe ianino cai?ioii? i?iieaee, ye? caaacia/othoue ?aeniaa iiaeeaeaiiy
aei 10 i c a?aea??ii caaeia?eueiiai ca ye?noth ea?iiaiai iaoa??aeo, aeey
??cieo a?oio?a. Ia i?aenoaa? aea/aiiy ? aiae?co oaoiieia?/ieo ea?o
ao??iiy iaaeeaieeo i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei i?aeoaa?aeaeai? ?ic?aooieia?
oaoiieia?/i? ia?aiao?e ao??iiy onoaiiaeith OAAI-130/8 a aeiiieo
a?aeeeaaeaiiyo: aia?a?y iaeeie/iiai oaea?o — 120…180 Aeae, /anoioa
oaea??a — 18…28 Aoe. A?aei?aoeueiaaia a ae?iaie/eo oiiaao oaoiieia?y
ao??iiy onoaiiaeith OAAI-130/8 a iooeeo ??oioao. Aeinyaiooi iieacieea
aeoiaeo ea?io a ii?iaeao I — IV eaoaai??e ii ao?eiino? c ??cii-iai?oiei
a?aioeiiao?e/iei neeaaeii — 100%, i?e oeueiio iaoai?/ia oaeaee?noue
ao??iiy i?aeo?eioaaeany a iaaeao 1,5… 1,8 i/oa.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a ianooiieo ?iaioao:

1. Ao?aiea eiaeaia?ii-aaieiae/aneeo neaaaeei n iaeioiiiaaeiuo
ieaan?aaenoa ia iaeeiaiaeiie /anoe oaeueoa / *aeaiei A.A., Eo?aeei E.I.,
?onaiia A.A., Aoaeaeaaeaeca A.A., Aace?aoaeee I.I. // A na.
“Eiaeaia?ii-aaieiae/aneea oneiaey oaeueoa e iaoiaeu eo eco/aiey”. —
?eaa: Ceiaoia, 1991. — N. 22 — 25.

2. Eaeeie/aiei I.E., ?onaiia A.A., ?ycaiia A.I. Iaoiaeeea i?iaeoe?iaaiey
eiino?oeoeaiuo e ?aai/eo ia?aiao?ia caaieiuo aeae?ioaea?iuo iaoei. // A
na. «Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoieee e oaoiieiaee ao?aiey neaaaeei ia oaa?aeua
iieaciua eneiiaaiua».— Aeaoa?eiao?a: OAE, 1993.— N. 97 — 102

3. Eaeeie/aiei I.E., ?onaiia A.A., Eaaoei A.A. Aeeyiea oneiaee ?aaiou
ianiniiai aeiea ia yia?aaoe/aneea oa?aeoa?enoeee aeae?ioaea?iie iaoeiu
iiaeaiaeiiai i?iaiioai?ieea oeia OAAI e IOAA // A na. “Ao?aiea neaaaeei
a ineiaeiaiiuo oneiaeyo”. — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO, 1996. — N.47 — 49.

4. Eaeeie/aiei I.E., Ea?aeicia A.A., ?onaiia A.A., ?ycaiia A.I., Eiia?ue
I.E. Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoiieiaee iaeii?aeniaiai ao?aiey iiaeaiaeiuo
neaaaeei n IEN “Oiiac” // A na. “Ao?aiea neaaaeei a ineiaeiaiiuo
oneiaeyo”. — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO, 1996.— N.44 — 47.

5. Oeaaoo E.E., ?onaiia A.A., Oa?a?uaaa E.A. E aii?ino auai?a iaoiaeeee
enneaaeiaaiee ii eiaeaia?ii-aaieiae/aneie ioeaiea ea/anoaa ia?acoeia
ea?ia, ioae?aaiiai n iiiiuueth iia?oaeiie onoaiiaee aeey ao?aiey ii?neeo
iaaeoaieeo neaaaeei (OAAI) // A na. “Ao?aiea neaaaeei a ineiaeiaiiuo
oneiaeyo”. — Aeiiaoee: AeiiAOO, 1996.— N.91 — 95.

6. Eae?i?/aiei I.?., ?onaiia A.A. Aiae?c noaio ?ia?o ii i?aeaeuaiith
?aeniai? i?ioiaeee ? caa?aaeaiith ea?iiaiai iaoa??aeo i?e ao??ii?
i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei // Na. iao/i. o?oaeia IAA Oe?aeiu. ?3,Oii 2
Aaieiaey iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo e oaoiieiaey ?acaaaeee.- Aeiai?iiao?iane,
1998.— N.247 — 252.

7. Eaeeie/aiei I.E., Ea?aeicia A.A., ?onaiia A.A., ?ycaiia A.I., THoeia
E.A. Iiaua oaoie/aneea n?aaenoaa ao?aiey neaaaeei a oneiaeyo ii?neiai
oaeueoa // Na. iao/i. o?oaeia IAA Oe?aeiu. ?3,Oii 2 Aaieiaey iieaciuo
eneiiaaiuo e oaoiieiaey ?acaaaeee.- Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1998.— N.255 — 258.

8. ?onaiia A.A. Oai?aoe/aneay ioeaiea aeiionoeiie iaeanoe ?aaiou
ianiniiai aeiea iia?oaeiie aeae?iaea?aoeeiiiie onoaiiaee OAAI-130/8 // A
na. “Niaa?oainoaiaaiea oaoieee e oaoiieiaee ao?aiey neaaaeei ia
oaa?aeua iieaciua eneiiaaiua” Aui. 21. Iaaeaocianeee iao/ii-oaiaoe/aneee
nai?iee. — Aeaoa?eiao?a: O?aeueneay ain. ai?ii-aaie. aeaaeaiey , 1998.—
N. 148 — 155.

9. A.n.?1620603 NNN? IEE4 A21B25/18. Iiaeaiaeiue i?iaiioai?iee. /
Ea?aeicia A.A., ?onaiia A.A., Eaeeie/aiei I.E., Aeeiia A.E. (NNN?) —
?4641306, cayaeaii 25.01.89, iioae. 15.01.91 a. AE ?2.

10. A.n.?1648099 NNN? IEE4 A21B25/18. Iiaeaiaeiue i?iaiioai?iee. /
?aaeeia A.E., ?onaiia A.A., Aeeiia A.E., Oo?yineee A.A. (NNN?) —
?4732836, cayaeaii 29.08.89, iioae. 8.01.91 a. AeNI.

11. A.n. ?1676292 NNN? IEE4 A21B25/18 I?iaiioai?iee / ?aaeeia E.A.,
O?aiaeye A.Ae., ?onaiia A.A., Naoii A.E. (NNN?) — ?4744824, cayaeaii
03.10.89, iioae. 8.05.91 a. AeNI.

12. A.n. ?1743247 NNN? IEE4 A21B25/18 I?iaiioai?iee / ?aaeeia E.A.,
?onaiia A.A. A?ioaaa I.A. (NNN?) — ?4793678, cayaeaii 19.02.90, iioae.
22.02.92 a., AeNI

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a ?iaioao, ye? iioae?eoaaeeny a ni?aaaoi?noa?
iieyaa? o ianooiiiio: (1, 4, 7) — iien oaoiieia?? ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo
naa?aeeiaei aaoiiiiieie onoaiiaeaie OAAI; 2 — ?ic?iaea iaoaiaoe/ii?
iiaeae? a?ae?ioaea?iiai iaoai?cio iiaea?eii? ae??; (3, 5) — aiae?c
?acoeueoao?a aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue; 6 — aiae?c no/anieo
iaoiae?a i?aeaeuaiiy ?aeniai? i?ioiaeee oa yeino? ea?io; (9, 10, 11, 12)
— ?ic?iaea ?noioieo a?aeciae a a?aeiia?aeiino? c aeia?aeeith i?i oai?/o
o/anoue a noai?aii? aeiaoiae?a.

AIIIOAOeEss

?onaiia A.A. Iainiiaaiea ?aoeeiiaeueiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aaeeiia
oaea?ii-aea?aoeeiiiiai ao?aiey iiaeaiaeiuo neaaaeei. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.10 — “Ao?aiea neaaaeei”.— Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay
aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ao?aiey
iaaeoaieeo iiaeaiaeiuo neaaaeei. Aeaii ?aoaiea aeooaeueiie caaea/e,
caeeth/athuaeny a iainiiaaiee ?aoeeiiaeueiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aaeeiia
oaea?ii-aea?aoeeiiiiai ao?aiey iiaeaiaeiuo neaaaeei ia eiioeiaioaeueiii
oaeueoa, iaania/eaathueo iiauoaiea ea/anoaa ea?iiaiai iaoa?eaea i?e
oneiaee nio?aiaiee aunieeo iieacaoaeae iaoaie/aneie nei?inoe ao?aiey e
aeinoeaeaiey caaeaiiie ?aeniaie oaeoaee i?iaiioai?ieea (8 — 10 i).

Yenia?eiaioaeueii onoaiiaeaii ia iniiaa n?aaiaiey n ia?acoeaie,
ioia?aiiuie yoaeiiiuie niiniaaie (aaeaaeeaaiea e caaeaiie), /oi i?e
iaee/ee ia?aoiie i?iiuaee a iieinoe ea?iii?eaiiie o?oau
oaea?ii-aea?aoeeiiiue niinia aiaae?aiey i?iaiioai?ieea iicaieyao
ioae?aoue ea?i iaeieciaiaiiiai oeceei-iaoaie/aneiai ninoiyiey.
Oai?aoe/anee onoaiiaeaii e yenia?eiaioaeueii iiaeoaa?aeaeaii, /oi
oaaee/aiea nii?ioeaeaiey ananuaaieth aeeaeeinoe ec ea?iii?eaiiie o?oau
i?eaiaeeo e oaaee/aieth a?aiaie ?acaiia aieea aeae?ioaea?iiai iaoaiecia,
/oi nieaeaao /anoioo oaea?ia e yia?aeth nioaea?aiey aieea n
iaeiaaeueiae. Ii?aaeaeaia noaiaiue aeeyiey ia?aoiie i?iiuaee ia
?aeniaoth oaeoaeo, iaoaie/aneoth nei?inoue ao?aiey e nio?aiiinoue ea?ia,
eioi?ay caaeneo io eciaiaiey ?anoiaea ananuaaaiie ec ea?iii?eaiieea
aeeaeeinoe (a?aie/iui oneiaeai ia/aea “naaeiiai yooaeoa” yaeyaony
?aaainoai iauaia ?aai/ae eaia?u ianiniiai aeiea e ?acia?ia
eaaeoaoeeiiiie iieinoe); oaaee/aiea aeoaeiu ioai?a nio?aiiiai ea?ia a
?uoeuo a?oioao iaania/eaaaony iiaeaea?aeaieai aiieeooaeu aea?aoeee
i?iaiioai?ieea aeeceie e ?acia?o /anoeoe a?oioa i?e iiaeaea?aeaiee
iinoiyiiie ia?aoiie i?iiuaee iieinoe ea?iii?eaiiie o?oau. Ia iniiaaiee
i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee ii?aaeaeaiu iaeanoe ioai?a nio?aiiiai ea?ia
i?e oaea?ii-aea?aoeeiiiii ao?aiee n iaee/eai ia?aoiie i?iiuaee
neaaaeeiu.

I?aaeeiaeaia iaoiaeeea ?an/aoa ?aoeeiiaeueiuo oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aaeeiia
oaea?ii-aea?aoeeiiiiai ao?aiey. Io?aaioaia a i?iecaiaenoaaiiuo oneiaeyo
oaoiieiaey oaea?ii-aea?aoeeiiiiai ao?aiey a ?uoeuo a?oioao. Aeinoeaioo
iieacaoaeue auoiaea ea?ia 100% a ii?iaeao I — IV eaoaai?ee ii ao?eiinoe
n ?acee/iui a?aioeiiao?e/aneei ninoaaii. I?e yoii iaoaie/aneay nei?inoue
ao?aiey iiaeaea?aeeaaeanue a i?aaeaeao 1,5…1,8 i/iei. Oaoiieiaey
ao?aiey aaoiiiiiuie onoaiiaeaie OAAI-130/8 i?ioea i?iecaiaenoaaiiua
eniuoaiey e aiaae?aia a AAI “I?e/a?iiii?aaieiaey” e ainoaea?noaaiiii
iaeii aaiyeieiae/aneii i?aaei?eyoee “Yei?o” i?e ao?aiee iiaeaiaeiuo
neaaaeei ia oaeueoa *a?iiai ii?y.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: yooaeoeaiinoue, oaea?ii-aea?aoeeiiiia ao?aiea,
iiaeaiaeiay neaaaeeia, aeae?ioaea?iue iaoaieci, ianiniue aeie, ia?aoiay
i?iiuaea.

AIIOAOe?ss

?onaiia A. A. Iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a
oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.15. 10 — “Ao??iiy naa?aeeiaei”. — Iaoe?iiaeueia
a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ao??iiy
iaaeeaieeo i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei. A ?iaio? aeine?aeaeo?oueny
oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eia ao??iiy iooeeo ??oio?a c cai?ioiith i?iieaeith
eieiieiai? o?oae. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy a?ae?aae?/ieo iii??a a
eieiieia?e o?oa? aaaea aei cieaeaiiy aia?aaoe/ieo ia?aiao??a
a?ae?ioaea?iiai iaoai?cio caae?aethaa/a ? aeieeiaiiy eaa?oaoe?? a
oeee?iae?? ianiniiai aeieo. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo
?aoe?iiaeueieo oaoiieia?/ieo ?aaeei?a oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eiiai ao??iiy.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe ciaeoee canoinoaaiiy i?e ao??ii? iaaeeaieeo
i?aeaiaeieo naa?aeeiaei ia oaeueo? *i?iiai ii?y.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aoaeoeai?noue, oaea?ii-a?a?aoe?eia ao??iiy, i?aeaiaeia
naa?aeeiaeia, a?ae?ioaea?iee iaoai?ci, ianiniee aeie, cai?ioia i?iieaea.

ANNOTATION

Rusanov V.A. Substantiation of rational technological regimes
shock-vibration drilling of submarine holes. — Typescript.

Thesis on competition of an academy degree of the candidate of
engineering sciences on a specialty 05.15.10 — “Drilling of holes” —
National mining academy of Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk, 1999.

The tesis is devoted to task of efficiency drilling of non-deep
submarine holes. The work investigates shock-vibration drilling of loose
soil with reverse washing of core pipe. Is established, that increase
hydraulic resistance in core pipe leads to decrease power parameters of
hydro-shocking mechanism of the deeper and to beginning cavitation in
cylinder of pump block. The new methods computation of rational
technological parameters shock-vibration drilling are offered. The main
outcomes of work have founded application in practice of drilling of
non-deep submarine holes in shelf of Black Sea.

Key words: efficiency, shock-vibration drilling, submarine hole,
hydro-shocking mechanism, pump block, reverse washing.

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