IIIINOA?NOAI INAIOE OE?A?IE

IAOeIIIAEUeIA AI?IE*A AEAAeAIIss OE?A?IE

EOAAIAOeUe IEEIEA IEAENIEIAE*

OAeE 622.272.62

IAA?OIOOAAIIss ?AOeIIIAEUeIEO IA?AIAO?IA

IIAeAIOIAEE IAAeOI CAEEAEAIEO IEANOIA

IA OAOOAO CAOIAeIIAI AeIIAANO

Niaoeiaeueiinoue 05.15.02 — Iiaecaiia ?ic?iaea ?iaeiaeu

ei?enieo eiiaeei

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoei? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo iaoe

Aeiii?iiao?ianuee — 1999

Aeena?oaoei?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoeiiiaeueiie ai?ie/ie aeaaeaii? Oe?a?ie

Iiiinoa?noaa inaioe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee:

aeieoi? oaoii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Eieieieia Ieaa Aaneeueiae/,
i?ioani? eaoaae?e iiaecaiii? ?ic?iaee ?iaeiaeu Iaoeiiiaeueii?
ai?ie/i? aeaaeaii? Oe?a?ie, i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee

Ioioeieii iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? oaoii/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oaaaeueia

Aa??ie Aaaiiae/, caaiaeoaa/ aiaeaeieo ai?ie/i? aa?iaaciaeeiaiiee
Iinoeoooo aaioaoii/ii? iaoaiiee IAI Oe?a?ie, i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee;

— eaiaeeaeao oaoii/ieo iaoe, Ee?e/aiei Aieiaeeie? sseiae/, ia/aeueiee
Caoiaeii-Aeiiaanueeiai iaoeiai-ae?iaie/iai Oeaio?o «Aaiiaoaiiea», i.
Iaaeia?aae

I?iaiaeia onoaiiaa: Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoii/iee oiiaa?neoao, i.
Aeiiaoeuee.

Caoeno aeena?oaoei? aiaeaoaeaoueny «13» eeiiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia
caniaeaiii niaoeiaeiciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.080.03 i?e
Iaoeiiiaeueiie ai?ie/ie aeaaeaii? Oe?a?ie (320027, Oe?a?ia, i.
Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, i?. E. Ia?ena, 19).

C aeena?oaoei?th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o aiaeiioaoei Iaoeiiiaeueii?
ai?ie/i? aeaaeaii? Oe?a?ie (320027, Oe?a?ia, i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, i?.
E. Ia?ena, 19).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?icineaiee «12» /a?aiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoeiaeiciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, eaiaeeaeao oaoii/ieo iaoe
Oa?/aiei A.A.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie oa noai iaoeiai? i?iaeaie. I?e iaiaaeaieo caianao
iaooe i aaco a Oe?a?ii aoaieey aenooia? ye iniiaia aeania aeaea?aei
aia?ai?. Oiio aeiey aoaieey a caaaeueiiio iaeeaii-aia?aaoe/iiio
aaeaini e?a?ie aoaea aacia?a?aii c?inoaoe. ?aaeicaoeiy oeueiai
caaaeaiiy iiaeeeaa oeyoii iiaeaeuaiiy ianyao oa aoaeoeaiinoi
aeaeiaooeo aoaieey ic eiiieaenii-iaoaiiciaaieo i/enieo aeai?a
ia?aaeon?i ca ?aooiie oaeeo ia?niaeoeaieo ?aeiiia, ye Caoiaeiee Aeiiaan.

Oiiae ?ic?iaee aoaieueieo ieanoia o Caoiaeiiio Aeiiaani cia/ii
aiae?iciythoueny aiae oiia aaaeaiiy ai?ie/eo ?iaio ia oaooao iioeo
aaieiai-i?iieneiaeo ?aeiiia. ?acii c oei, c iiaeeaeaiiyi ai?ie/eo
?iaio inoaiiii /anii aiaecia/a?oueny iiai?oaiiy iieacieeia ?iaioe
oaoo ic-ca iioaineaiiai i?iyao ai?nueeiai oeneo a ae?iaeao. Iayaiinoue
neaaeeo aieiaeo ii?iae, iaea iiooaeiinoue ieanoia i ?o iaaiaeiaiinoue,
caeeaeaiinoue aieueoinoi ieanoia aeiaaathoue iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy
oeieiai eiiieaeno iiaeaia?ieo ?ioaiue, yei aiaeiinyoueny aei ieoaiue
iiaeaioiaee oaooieo iieia, ii/a?aiainoi, ii?yaeeo aiae?iaee ieanoia a
naeoi, iinoey caeeaaeaiiy, ioi?iie, iiaeo?eiaiiy, e?iieaiiy
iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaie oa iioeo ieoaiue. Ia oaooao Caoiaeiiai
Aeiiaano a iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ?iai/eo ieanoao ca noaiii ia 1.01.97 ?.
cina?aaeaeaii aieueoa 400 iei. o. aoaieey, ui neeaaea? aiey 40%
anio aaeainiaeo caiania.

O?aaeeoeieii ia oaooao Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano iaeii/anii ?ic?iaey?oueny
aeaeieueea ieanoia a naeoi. Nenoaia ?ic?iaee ieanoia — aeiaaeie
noiaiaie caeaaieueoiai ca iianoaiiyi. A iaaeao aeeiaeueiiai iiey ieanoe
aiae?iaeythoueny ?icaeieueii a iecoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo. *anoeiai oaea
/a?aiainoue aiae?iaee iiynith?oueny aiaenooiinoth a ?aeiii ieanoia,
noeeueieo aei aaciaeeiaii/ieo yaeu, aiae?iaeo yeeo ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny
aanoe c iiae?iaeith, oiaoi ?icii/eiaoe c aeeiaiiy caoenieo ieaeiio
ieanoia. Aea ?ieiee c ??cieo i?e/ei ( iai?eeeaae o ca’yceo c aaeeeith
iiooaeiinoth ieanoa ) ?ic?iaeo caeeaeaieo ieanoia ?icii/eiathoue c
ia?oi/a?aiaiai aeeiaiiy ieaeiueiai ieanoa. Oea i?eaiaeeoue aei oiai,
ui iiae?iaeaii caiane, yei caeeoeeenue, ye oi ui noiyoue ia aaeaini
oaoo, oae i caaaeainiai, a iiaeaeueoiio iiaeooue aooe iai?eaiaeieie
aeey iineiaeoth/i? aiae?iaee, iineieueee ca iioe?aieie aaiiaoaii/ieie
oyaeaiiyie aiie iiiaaeathoue a ciio i/ieoaaiiai aacii?yaeiiai ia?ooaiiy
ii?iae iiaeieanoy.

Ca iieaciee caeeaeaiinoi ieanoia, yeee aeiionea? aenoiaeiee ii?yaeie
aiae?iaee, i?eeiyoi aiaeiioaiiy iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy aei
iiooaeiinoi iiae?iaethth/iai ieanoa. A ?icii ia?iiaee /ano /eneiai
iieacieee ciiithaaeenue. Oaia? caiaeii c ii?iaoeaieie aeieoiaioaie, yei
aeithoue a aaeoci, aeey ?icieo ai?ie/i-aaieiai/ieo ?aeiiia e?a?ie
i?eeiyoa 12-e?aoia iiooaeiinoue iiae?iaethth/iai ieanoa, i oieueee a
aeayeeo oiiaao, ca iiaiaeaeaiiyi c «AIAeIE» oeae iieaciee iiaea aooe
ciaioaiee aei 6-e?aoii? iiooaeiinoi iiae?iaethth/iai ieanoa.

I?ioa iniaeeainoi caeyaaiiy aoaieueieo ieanoia a Caoiaeiiio Aeiiaani
iio?aaothoue ooi/iaiiy cia/aiiy oeueiai e?eoa?ith. Caeiiiii?iinoi
caeaeaaiiy iiae?iaeaii? oiau? ia caeeaeaieo ieanoao a oiiaao ?aeiio
iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aii, i?aeoe/iee aeinaiae ?o aiae?iaee a aenoiaeiiio
ii?yaeeo ia? aiiciaee/iee oa?aeoa? i ia ocaaaeueiaiee. Caeeaeaiinoue
ieanoia, caeyaaiiy ?o a neaaeeo aiiuoth/eo ii?iaeao, aieea ai?ie/eo
?iaio ia noiiaeieo ieanoao coiiaeththoue aecia/aiiy /a?aiainoi ?o
aiae?iaee, a oaeiae aeai? iinoey caeeaaeaiiy i niiniao ioi?iie
iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaie. Ae?ioaiiy oeeo ieoaiue aeiaaa? iinoaiiaee
niaoeiaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue, ?acoeueoaoe yeeo aeicaieyoue cieceoe
ao?aoe aoaieey, iiaeaeueoe noieeinoue iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaie, i?iaeiaaeeoe
oa?iii neoaeae aeayeeo oaoo i iie?aueoe oaoiiei-aeiiiii/ii iieacieee
?o ?iaioe.

Oiio aecia/aiiy ?aoeiiiaeueieo ia?aiao?ia ?ic?iaee iaaeoi
caeeaeaieo ieanoia i?aaenoaaey? aeooaeueio iaoeiao caaea/o, yea ia?
aaaeeeaa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa aeeiiaia
a IAA Oe?a?ie caiaeii c ieaiiaeie aeineiaeaeaiiyie ii ainiiaea?/iio
aeiaiai?o 010615 c AI «Iaaeia?aaeaoaieey».

Iaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy — iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoeiiiaeueieo ia?aiao?ia
iiaeaioiaee iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieanoia ia oaooao Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano ia
iniiai aea/aiiy oa a?aooaaiiy caeiiiii?iinoae caeaeaaiiy
iiae?iaeaii? oiaui ii?iae i i?iyao ai?nueeiai oeneo a ae?iaeao.

Caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe ii?ooaiinoue aa?oiueiai iaaeoi caeeaeaiiai ieanoa i
aiiuoth/eo ii?iae, iiae?iaeaieo i/enieie ?iaioaie ii ieaeiueiio ieanoo.

2. Aecia/eoe ?icii?e ciie ?icaaioaaeaiiy aiae iiaaoaii?
iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee iiney aiae?iaee ieaeiueiai iaaeoi caeeaeaiiai
ieanoa i anoaiiaeoe ia?aiao?e ?aoeiiiaeueiiai ?icoaooaaiiy iiaeaioia/eo
ae?iaie ii aa?oiueiio iiae?iaeaiiio ieanoo.

3. Aecia/eoe aieea /a?aiainoi aiae?iaee iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieanoia ia
oiiae ?o ?ic?iaee.

4. Onoaiiaeoe caeiiiii?iinoi i?iyao ai?nueeiai oeneo a
iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaeao a caeaaeiinoi aiae iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy.

5. Iaa?oiooaaoe ?aoeiiiaeueii ia?aiao?e iiaeaioiaee iaaeoi
caeeaeaieo ieanoia.

Iaeay ?iaioe iieyaa? a o?aooaaiii caeiiiii?iinoae caeaeaaiiy
iiae?iaeaii? oiaui ii?iae aeey caaacia/aiiy aoaeoeaiiai aeeiaiiy
aa?oiueiai ieanoa ? iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoe?iiaeueieo ia?aiao??a iiaeaioiaee
ieanoia a oiiaao ?o caeeaeaiinoi.

Iniiaii iaoeiai iieiaeaiiy, yei aeianaii ia caoeno.

1. A oiiaao oaoo Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano iiae?iaeaiee c e?aoiinoth
iiae?iaee 3,2 i aieueoa iaaeoi caeeaeaiee ieano caa?iaa? naith
oeieiniinoue, ui aeicaiey? aanoe eiai iiaeaeueoo ?ic?iaeo.

2. Iaeanoue ciie ?icaaioaaeaiiy aiae iiaaoaii? iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee ii
iiae?iaethth/iio iaaeoi caeeaeaiiio ieanoo, a yeie ?aoeiiiaeueii
caeeaaeaoe iiaeaioia/o ae?iaeo, ciaoiaeeoueny a ieaii aiae iiaaoaii?
ae?iaee ia aiaenoaii 1 — 5 iao?ia.

3. Aieueo ni?eyoeeai aaiiaoaii/ii oiiae ?ic?iaee iaaeoi caeeaeaieo
ieanoia caaacia/othoueny i?e aenoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo, ui coiiaeaii
caoeniith, ae?aioth/ith aei?th aa?oiueiai ieanoa.

4. Aieea aeeaeie caeeaaeaiiy iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee aa?oiueiai
caeeaeaiiai ieanoa ia caeieiaiiy ii?iae iiaeioae a iie aieueo cia/iee,
iiae aieea iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy: c iiaeai?iiyi aeeaeie
?ic?iaee aiae 300 aei 600 iao?ia caeieiaiiy ii?iae iiaeioae ae?iaee
caieueoo?oueny a 2,5-1,5 ?ace, i?ioe 2 — 1,2 ?ace i?e ciiii iiooaeiinoi
ii?iae iiaeieanoy aiae 4 aei 10 i, aieea yei? iaiaaeaiee 6 — 7 iao?aie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

1. Anoaiiaeaii caeiiiii?iinoi caeaeaaiiy oiaui ii?iae, yea caeyaa?
aeua, i?e iiae?iaoei aa?oiueiai iaaeoi caeeaeaiiai ieanoa ia oaooao
Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano, aiae?iciythoueny oei, ui iiae?iaeaiee ieano
aeyaey? ae?aioth/o aeith i ?acii c ii?iaeaie iiaeieanoy iiiaaea? a ciio
ieaaieo i?iaeiaiue.

2. Aecia/aii ia?aiao?e ciie ?icaaioaaeaiiy aiae iiaaoaii?
iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee ii iiae?iaethth/iio iaaeoi caeeaeaiiio ieanoo, ui
aeicaieythoue caeienieoe aeai? iinoey caeeaaeaiiy iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee
ia aa?oiueiio ieanoo a oie iaeanoi ciie ?icaaioaaeaiiy, aea
aiaenooi? cia/ia ?oeioaaiiy ii?iae.

3. Iaa?oioiaaia iiaeeeainoue i aoaeoeaiinoue aenoiaeiiai ii?yaeeo
?ic?iaee iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieanoia i?e iiooaeiinoi ii?iae
iiaeieanoy iaioa 6 iao?ia.

4. Anoaiiaeaii eieueeinii i yeinii ia?aiao?e aieeao ia caeieiaiiy
ii?iae iiaeioae a iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaeao ii aa?oiueiio iaaeoi caeeaeaiiio
ieanoo iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy i aeeaeie ?ic?iaee.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a onoaiiaeaiii iniaeeainoae i
caeiiiii?iinoae i?iyao ai?nueeiai oeneo i?e ?iciiiaiioiie /a?aiainoi
aiae?iaee caeeaeaieo ieanoia a caeaaeiinoi aiae aeeaeie ?o caeeaaeaiiy
i iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy, a iaa?oiooaaiii ia?aiao?ia
iiaeaioiaee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia. ?icoe?aii iaaeo
aeiionoeii? iiae?iaee iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieanoia a Caoiaeiiio Aeiiaani
aei 3,2 iiooaeiinoi iiae?iaethth/iai ieanoa, ui aiaee?eaa? iiaeeeainoue
aiae?iaee caiania, yei aaaaeaeenue aaciiai?ioiuei ao?a/aieie.
Iaa?oioiaaii, ui ?aoeiiiaeueiei iinoeai caeeaaeaiiy aeieueie/ieo
iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaie ii aa?oiueiio iaaeoi caeeaeaiiio ieanoo ? iaeanoue
ciie ?icaaioaaeaiiy aiae iiaaoaii? iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee ii ieaeiueiio
ieanoo c iacia/iei ?oeioaaiiyi ii?iae.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? a o/anoi i?e oi?ioethaaiii
caaea/ aeineiaeaeaiiy, ?ic?iaoei iaoiaeee i a i?iaaaeaiii
aiaeioe/ieo, aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaooieo aeineiaeaeaiue i iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, a ia?iaoei, aiaeici i ocaaaeueiaiii io?eiaieo
?acoeueoaoia.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeineiaeaeaiue. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
aeieeaaeaeenue ia Anaoe?a?inueeie iaoeiai-oaoii/iie eiioa?aioei?
«No/anii oeyoe ?icaeoeo ia?eoaeaea?nueei-aaiaeace/ieo ?iaio ia aaci
ia?aaeiaiai aio/eciyiiai oa caei?aeiiiiai aeinaiaeo»
(i.Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1997 ?.), ia iiaeaocianueeie iaoeiai-oaoii/iie
eiioa?aioei?» Aeieiai-aeiiiii/ii i?iaeaie ?icaiaeee, ?ic?iaee i
caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei Oe?a?ie» (i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1997 ?.), ia
neiiicioii «Iaaeaey ai?iyea — 97» (i. Iineaa, IAeAO, 3.02.97-7.02.97
?.), ia eiioa?aioei? «?ano?nicaa?aaeaiiy i aeieiaiy i?iieneiaiai ?aeiio»
(AANA, i. Iaei?aea, 5.09.95-8.09.95 ?.), ia iaoeiaeo naiiia?ao eaoaae?
IAA Oe?a?ie ( 17.11.98 ?. i 27.01.99 ?. ).

Ioaeieaoei?. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii 10 ae?oeiaaieo ?iaio
(3 noaooi o oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo, 3 aeiiiaiaei a iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e),
a oiio /enei 4 iaoaioe ia aeiaoiaee.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoei?. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ic anooio, i’yoe
?icaeieia, aeniiaeia i i’yoe aeiaeaoeia, iinoeoue 158 noi?iiie
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, aeeth/a? 29 iethno?aoei?, 6 oaaeeoeue, nienie
aeei?enoaieo eioa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ic 103 iaeiaioaaiue.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

Ae?ioaiith i?iaeaie ?ic?iaee caeeaeaieo ieanoia i?enay/aia aaeeea
eieueeinoue aeineiaeaeaiue. Cia/ia iinoea a ieo i?eaeieaii iiaeeeainoi
aiae?iaee caeeaeaieo ieanoia a aenoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo, iinoeth
caeeaaeaiiy i niiniaai ioi?iie iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaie.

Aaeeeee aianie a ae?ioaiiy i?iaeaie aianee A.I. Aaoiaiia,
A.O.Aeaaeaeyioe, E.I.Caiea, I.I.Cai?uee, A.I. Eiey/eia, A.?. E?aa/aiei,
A.I.Eoci?oeia, A.A.Iaceiei, A.I.I?ieio’?a, ss.A.Caaeoea, A.Ae.Ne?na??a,
O.I. Oeeaa.

Ieoaiiyi aiae?iaee caeeaeaieo ieanoia a oiiaao Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano
i?enay/aii ?iaioe: A.O. Aeooea, I.?. Aieia/ainueeiai, I.O.A?eoea,
A.ss.Ee?e/aiea, I.O. Ee?ie/ainueeiai, I.A. Eieieieiaa, A.A.E?aa/aiea,
A.N.Ia?othoaaa, A.N.Iiiueeianueeiai,I.A.Naaino’yiiaa, I.I. Naaeiaaiea,
A.I. Ona/aiea, TH.I. Oaeeiaiaeeea, A.A. Oieaiey.

Aiaeic i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue iieaco?, ui caeeaeaii ieanoe
iiaeooue aiae?iaeyoeny ye a iecoiaeiiio oae i a aenoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo.
Aiae?iaeo ae iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieanoia ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny aanoe oieueee a
iecoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo. Oea coiiaeaii iaiaoiaeiinoth caa?aaoe noiiaeiee
ieano i?eaeaoiei aeey iiaeaeueoi? ?ic?iaee. I?e oeueiio iiae iaaeoi
caeeaeaieie ieanoaie a ?iaioi i?eeiyoi ieanoe c iiooaeiinoth ii?iae
iiaeieanoy iaioa aeaaiaaeoeyoee?aoii? iiooaeiinoi iiae?iaethth/iai
ieanoa (I ( 12m).

Caiaeii c ii?iaoeaieie aeieoiaioaie, aeith/eie a aaeoci, aenoiaeiee
ii?yaeie aiae?iaee caeeaeaieo ieanoia aeey ?icieo aoaeaiinieo ?aeiiia
aeiionea?oueny i?e iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy aieueoa 6-oe e?aoii?
iiooaeiinoi iiae?iaethth/iai ieanoa. Aea caeyaaiiy ieanoia i?oeiiai
i a’yceiai aoaieey a neaaeeo, noeeueieo aei caeieiaiiy i ieanoe/ieo
aeaoi?iaoeie aiiuoth/eo ii?iae c ae?aaeaiith oa?iaiinoth, yea iiaeaeuo?
caeaoiinoue oa?ia aei i?iaeiaiiy iiney aeeiaiiy ieanoa, aea?
iiaeeeainoue i?eionoeoe, ui /eneiaa cia/aiiy iieacieea aeiionoeii?
iiae?iaee ieanoa aeey Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano caaeuaii i iaiaoiaeia
iinoaiiaea niaoeiaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue ii eiai ooi/iaiith. I?e
oeueiio /ioeiai iaa?oiooaaiiy aeai?o iinoey ?icoaooaaiiy
aeieueie/ieo iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaie ii ieanoo, yeee aiae?iaey?oueny a
ae?oao /a?ao iaia?. ?aeiiaiaeaoei? ii?iaoeaieo aeieoiaioia iinyoue
caaaeueiee oa?aeoa?: ae?iaee iiaeiii ?icoaoiaoaaoenue o ciiao
?icaaioaaeaiiy.

Iinoea ?icoaooaaiiy ae?iaie aecia/a?oueny eiie?aoieie oiiaaie ?ic?iaee.
Aiii caeaaeeoue aiae iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy, oiceei-iaoaii/ieo
aeanoeainoae ii?iae, /a?aiainoi aiae?iaee ieanoia oa ii. Aeey aeai?o
?aoeiiiaeueii? /a?aiainoi i iinoey ?icoaooaaiiy iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee
iaiaoiaeii ciaoe nooiiiue aieeao aeacaieo oaeoi?ia ia noieeinoue
inoaiiuei?, ui iio?aao? iinoaiiaee niaoeiaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue.

Ia iniiai aeeeaaeaiiai noi?ioeueiaaii iaoa ?iaioe, ?? iaeay i
iinoaaeaii caaea/i aeineiaeaeaiiy. Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe oa ae?ioaiiy
iinoaaeaieo caaea/ aeei?enoaii eiiieaeniee iaoiae, yeee aeeth/a?
aiaeioe/ii, eaai?aoi?ii oa oaooii aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Ae?ioaiiy ia?oi?, ae?oai? i /anoeiai o?aouei? caaea/ i?iaiaeeeinue ia
iniiai ?acoeueoaoia oaooiiai aenia?eiaioo. Aeey oeueiai a AI
«Iaaeia?aaeaoaieey» aoea aea?aia oaooa ii. Eaiiinueeiai eiiniiieo
Oe?a?ie ( ca?ac «Caoiaeii-Aeiiaanueea» ), yea ?ic?iaeth? aeaa iaaeoi
caeeaeaieo ieanoa n8a i n8i. Oiiae caeyaaiiy aoaieueieo ieanoia ?
oeiiaeie aeey oaoo Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano. ?ic?iaea ieanoia aaaeaoueny ia
aeeaeii 450-480 i, ui ia?aaeuo? aeeaeio aaaeaiiy ai?ie/eo ?iaio ia
iioeo oaooao i iaoiiaeth? aieueo neeaaeii oiiae ?ic?iaee. Aea/aiiy
caeiiiii?iinoae i?iyao ai?nueeiai oeneo ia oaeie aeeaeii aeicaieeoue
aeei?enoaoe aeinaiae aaaeaiiy ai?ie/eo ?iaio ia iioeo oaooao i?e ?o
ia?aoiaei ia aieueo aeeaiei ai?eciioe.

A noeeueiie /anoeii oaooiiai iiey, a c’ayceo ci cieaeaiiyi iiooaeiinoi
ieanoa n8a aei 0,6 i, aoa caeeoaiee oeieee aoaieey oe?eiith 510 i. A
iiaeaeueoiio oeae oeieee aoei iiae?iaeaii ii ieanoo n8i nia?aieie
eaaaiei aeiaaeeiith ii 210 i. I?aoethaaee aiie ia 804 cai?iee oo?ae,
yeee c iiaeaeaaiiyi eaa aaneany. Iiooaeiinoue ii?iae iiaeieanoy ia oeie
aeieueieoei neeaaeaea aiae 4,5 aei 5,1 i, e?aoiinoue iiae?iaee aiae 3,2
aei 5,1. Caiaeii c aeith/eie ii?iaoeaieie aeieoiaioaie oei iiae?iaeaii
caiane aaaaeaeenue iai?eaeaoieie aeey aiae?iaee.

I?iaaaeaiee aiaeic oiia caeyaaiiy aoaieueieo ieanoia a Caoiaeiiio
Aeiiaani aeacaa ia iiaeeeainoue aoaeoeaii? aiae?iaee oaeeo iaaeoi
caeeaeaieo ieanoia a aenoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo. Aeniea iioeiinoue i
a’yceinoue aoaieey ?acii c aeoeaiei caeieiaiiyi ii?iae iiaeioae
ae?iaie, ae?aaeaiith oa?iaiinoth c iacia/iei c/iieaiiyi iiae ii?iaeieie
oa?aie, iiney aeeiaiiy ieaeiueiai ieanoa i?ecaiaeyoue aei i?iaeiaiiy,
iiaeii?yaeeiaaiiai ieaaiiai iioneaiiy iiae?iaeaii? oiaui ia /anoeio
ia?ooaieo ii?iae iiaeieanoy. I?e oeueiio i?iyae ai?nueeiai oeneo a
ae?iaeao iiaeii? aooe iaio aeoeaieie. Aeey ae?iaie ieaeiueiai ieanoa
aa?oiie ieano aenooia? a ?iei oa?a-iinoa, yeee ia?ae?eaa? ae?iaeaiee
i?inoi? i aeyaey? ae?aioth/o aeith ia ?icaeoie i?ioeania
o?iueiiooai?aiiy iiae?iaeaii? oiaui. Noieeinoue aea ii?iae iie?iaei a
ae?iaeao aa?oiueiai ieanoa, yeee aiae?iaey?oueny a ae?oao /a?ao,
aoaea caaeiaieueiith, ineieueee aiie ciaoiaeyoueny a ciii ieaaieo
i?iaeiaiue i ia cieeathoueny c ia?ooaieie i ineaaeaieie ii?iaeaie
iiney aeeiaiiy iiia?aaeiueiai ieanoa, ye oi niinoa?iaa?oueny i?e
iecoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo aiae?iaee ieanoia.

Aeaiee i?iaiic /anoeiai iaea?aeaa iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiy i?e i?iaaaeaiii
iiaaeaiiiai iaaino?aeueiiai eiiaae??iiai oo?aea N2 (IIEO N2 )
aeiaaeeiith 600 i ii ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?i iiney aeeiaiiy ieanoa n8a
Ii anie aeiaaeeii ae?iaee iiooaeiinoue aacii?yaeeiai ia?ooaieo i
ouieueiaieo ii?iae iie?iaei neeaaeaea 0,7-1 i, ui ia ia?aaeuoaaea
iiooaeiinoi aeeiyoiai ieanoa. Aeua caeyaaee ii?iaee, ii?ooaii ie?aieie
o?iueiaie c iaeaea iiaiinoth caa?aaeaiith oa?iaiinoth.

A caeeoaiiio oeieeeo aoei cina?aaeaeaii aiey 450 oen. oiii aoaieey, oiio
iiney aei?icaiaeee iiae?iaeaii caiane ae?ioaii aoei aiae?iaeoe. I?e
iiaeaioiaoei aeeiaeueiiai noiaia 904 eaae aaoi?ii iiae ea?iaieoeoaii
ae.o.i., i?io. Eieieieiaa I.A. aoei iaa?oioiaaii ?iciiuaiiy iiaeaioia/i?
ae?iaee ia aiaenoaii iaeiiai iao?a a ieaii aiae iiaaoaii? ae?iaee ii
ieaeiueiio ieanoo, ye iaeaieueo ?aoeiiiaeueia. Oiio c iaoith
aenia?eiaioaeueiiai iiaeoaa?aeaeaiiy ?aoeiiiaeueiiai iinoey
?icoaooaaiiy iiaeaioia/o ae?iaeo caeeaee iiae eooii a ieaii aei
iiaaoaiiai 804 cai?iiai oo?aea ii ieaeiueiio ieanoo, ui aeicaieeei
ia?aai?eoe eiai noieeinoue ia ?iciie aiaenoaii aiae iiaaoaii?
ae?iaee. O aa?oiie /anoeii oo?ae aoei caeeaaeaii ia aiaenoaii 15 i a
ieaii aiae iiaaoaii? ae?iaee, a a ieaeiie — iaeiiai iao?a. Ia iaoo
aeoieo, a inoaiiueiio aeiaaeeo i?iaaaeaia ae?iaea iaia’yceiai iiiaaea a
ciio ?icaaoaaeaiiy, ui aeaaaea ?? c-iiae aieeao ae?iaeaiiai i?inoi?o
noiiaeiiai aeeiaeueiiai noiaia, noaeiai ai?nueeiai oeneo i cia/iiai
?oeioaaiiy ii?iae iaae iiaaoaiith ae?iaeith.

Caaaeueia i?ioyaeiinoue 904 ai?oiaiai oo?aea neeaaeaea 1415 i. ?icieoey
a /ani iiae i/enieie ?iaioaie ii ieaeiueiio ieanoo i i?iaaaeaiiyi oo?aeo
neeaaeaea aiae 9 aei 10 ?ieia. Oaooieie niinoa?aaeaiiyie a ia?iiae
i?iaaaeaiiy oo?aea anoaiiaeaii, ui ii anie aeiaaeeii ae?iaee
oeieiniinoue aoaieueiiai ieanoa ia aoea ii?ooaia. Noai iaieaieo ii?iae
ae?iaee aoa caaeiaieueiei, aiie caa?aaee oa?iao no?oeoo?o, aeaeyaeaee
iiiieioieie. O?iueie, yei iieiee aaeaaaeinue aeyaeoe, aoee cae?eoeie,
ye i?aaeei, ciaoiaeeeenue a ii?iaeao iiaeioae ieanoa. Ia iaaei iiae
i/eniith ae?iaeith ieaeiueiai ieanoa i oeieeeaie ieano aoa ieaaii
i?iaiooee. Io?eiaii aeaii iiaeoaa?aeaeothoueny niinoa?aaeaiiyie a
ae?oaeo iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaeao 904 i 906 aeeiaeueieo noiai?a.

Oaeei /eiii, niinoa?aaeaiiyie ca noaiii iaieaieo ii?iae a
iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaeao, i?iaaaeaieo ii ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?o i
iiae?iaeaiiio iaaeoi caeeaeaiiio ieanoo, aecia/aii, ui aenioa
aacii?yaeiiai ia?ooaiiy ii?iae iiney aeeiaiiy ieaeiueiai ieanoa ia
ia?aaeuo? iiooaeiinoi aeeiyoiai ieanoa, ii?iaee iiaeieanoy, yei
caeyaathoue aeua, ia ao?a/athoue oa?iaiinoi, ii?ooaii ie?aieie cae?eoeie
o?iueiaie, eio?i caeii/othoueny aiey aa?oiueiai ieanoa. Nai aea
aa?oiie ieano ia ao?a/a? oeieiniinoi, ia iaaei c ae?iaeaiei i?inoi?ii
ii ieaeiueiio ieanoo ieaaii i?iaiooee. Oiio, noai iiae?iaeaiiai
iaaeoi caeeaeaiiai ieanoa i aieiaeo ii?iae ia aeeeth/a? eiai iiaeaeueoo
oniioio aiae?iaeo.

Aecia/ai? ia?aiao?e caeaeaaiiy i?ae?iaeaii? oiau? iaa?oioiaothoue
iiaeeea?noue ?icoe?aiiy iaae? aeiionoeii? i?ae?iaee caeeaeaiiai ieanoa.
Iiaeeea?noue aeeiaiiy i?ae?iaeaiiai ieanoa aecia/a?oueny aenioith ciie
?oeioaaiue i?ney i?ae?iaee ieanoa. Ca aeaieie Ne?na??aa A.Ae.,
E?aa/aiea A.?., Naaeoee ss.A. aiia ci?ith?oueny a iaaeao a?ae 1,375 aei
1,75 aenioe ciie aacii?yaeiiai ia?ooaiiy ii??ae. Oiio iath/e ia oaac?
??ci? aeai? i?i aenioo aacii?yaeiiai ia?ooaiiy ii??ae aeey oiia
Cao?aeiiai Aeiiaano, ye? aeinyaathoue 1,5-2 i, a oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe
aeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, i?ae?iaea iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieano?a iiaea aooe
cae?eniaia i?e I ( 3,2m.

Ia i?ioyci anueiai /ano inioaaiiy 904 ai?oiaiai oo?aea i?iaiaeeeenue
aicoaeueii oa iino?oiaioaeueii niinoa?aaeaiiy ca eiai noaiii. Acaeiaae
oo?aea aoee onoaiiaeai /ioe?e caii?ii noaioei? eiioo?iiai oeio.
Ia?iiaee/ii, a na?aaeiueiio 1-2 ?ace a iaaeieth, eiio?iethaaeinue
ciiuaiiy eiioo?a oo?aea.

A i?ioeani niinoa?aaeaiue onoaiiaeaii, ui aeaoi?ioaaiiy ae?iaee
aeeth/a? aeaa ia?iiaee. Ia?iiae iioaineaiiai i?iyao ai?nueeiai oeneo
o?eaa? a na?aaeiueiio aiey o?ueio iinyoeia. Iioii ianooia? ia?iiae
noaeiai i?iyao ai?nueeiai oeneo. I?e yeiio aeaoi?iaoeiy ae?iaee iineoue
caoooath/ee oa?aeoa?.

Ie?ii oeueiai noai iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee caeaaeeoue aiae aiaenoaii aei
iiaaoaii? ae?iaee ia ieaeiueiio ieanoi. Aeieueieoey ae?iaee ia IE-78
caciaea naieo aaeeeeo aeaoi?iaoeie ( 9,28 i a ieaii aei iiaaoaii?
ae?iaee ia ieaeiueiio ieanoi ), a ci caieueoaiiyi aiaenoaii aiae
oeueiai iieaoa aiia ciaiooaaeanue, ui aeaco? ia iinoea ?icoaooaaiiy
iaeneioia iii?iiai oeneo. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie iino?oiaioaeueieo
niinoa?aaeaiue aiaenoaiue aei iaeneioio iii?iiai oeneo neeaaeaea
9,66 i ( ?en. 1 ). Oiaoi cia/aiiy ia?aiao?a ii aeaiei aicoaeueieo i
iino?oiaioaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue aiae?iciy?oueny ia 0,38 i, ui ia
ia?aaeuo? 4%. Aeaii iino?oiaioaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue ai?ieneiiaaii
ooieoei?th aeaeo:

y = a * x b * e c x ;

i?e: a = 2,7483 * 10 ( 8; b = 15,969571; n = — 1,6521.

I?e ?ic?aooieao ia?aiao?ia ooieoei? aeaii caii?ii? noaioei? ia
IE-20 ia a?aoiaoaaeenue, o.y. aiia iiiaea a ciio ?icaaioaaeaiiy aiey
iaaei c ae?iaeaiei i?inoi?ii oa oe?eeea ? aeeoea c-iiae aieeao iiaaoaii?
i?aeaioia/i? ae?iaee.

A ?acoeueoaoi oaooieo aicoaeueieo oa iino?oiaioaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue
onoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneioi iii?iiai oeneo ii iiae?iaeaiiio iaaeoi
caeeaeaiiio ieanoo ciaoiaeeoueny a ieaii aiae iiaaoaii? ae?iaee ia
ieaeiueiio ieanoi ia aiaenoaii aiey 9-10 iao?ia, a ciia ?icaaioaaeaiiy
nyaa? 4-5 iao?ia. Aeieueieoey iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee, yea ciaoiaeeeanue
nai?i ?ic?icii a iaeanoi ciie ?icaaioaaeaiiy ia aiaenoaii aiae 1
aei 5 i aei iiaaoaiiai oo?aea ia ieaeiueiio ieanoi, ii aeaiei oaooieo
niinoa?aaeaiue aoea a caaeiaieueiiio noaii i?ioyaii anueiai ia?iiaeo
neoaeae ae?iaee.

Aecia/aii ia?aiao?e ciie ?icaaioaaeaiiy ianeao ii?iae
aiaeiiaiaeathoue aiaeiiei aeaiei ciie ?icaaioaaeaiiy a Cao?aeiiio
Aeiiaan? iaaeiei eiiiainaoeieii? ii?iaeieie. I?e niianoaaeaiii oeeo
cii ae?iaea, yea ?icoaoiaaia a ?aeiiaiaeiaaiie iaeanoi, eaaeeoue ia
iaaei oei?? ciie. ?icoaooaaiiy ae?iaee ia aieueo aeecueeie aiaenoaii
aai iaae iiaaoaiith ae?iaeith iaaeiionoeii, ineieueee aiia iiiaaea? a
ciio cia/iiai ?oeioaaiiy /e ia?ooaiiy ii?iae iiaeieanoy. C oei? i?e/eie
a oiiaao Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano iiooaeiinoue ii?iae iiae aeaiia
iiaeaioia/eie ae?iaeaie, yei i?iaaaeai a iaeiie aa?oeeaeueiie ieiueii,
ia iiaeiia aooe iaioith (1,5Ae-1) i, aea Ae — oe?eia ae?iaee.

Aiae?iaea aeeiaeueiiai noiaia 904 eaae iieacaea, ui iiaeaeaaiiy oa
?io? oaoiiei-aeiiiii/ii iieacieee ?iaioe eaae a noeeueiie /anoeii
aeeiaeueiiai iiey, aea iinoea ?icoaooaaiiy ae?iaee aiaeiiaiaeaei
?aeiiaiaeiaaiiio, aoee naieie aenieeie.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy aieeao iineiaeiaiinoi ia oiiae aiae?iaee caeeaeaieo
ieanoia i?iaiaeeeinue iaoiaeii iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy. Ioeiiea
oiia ?ic?iaee cae?enithaaeanue oeyoii ii?iaiyiiy iieaciee?a noieeinoi
iiaeaioia/eo i i/enieo ae?iaie, ye? ?ic?aoiaoaaeenue c?aco i?ney ?o
i?iaaaeaiiy, i?e iecoiaeiiio oa aenoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo aiae?iaee ieanoia.
?ic?aooiee aeeiiaii iaoiaeii eiioeaaeo aeaiaioia a iaaeao
iaoaiiee nooeieueii? i?oaeii-ieanoe/ii? iiaeaei na?aaeiaeua c aioo?ioiii
oa?oyi i a?aooaaiiyi iiaeeiioaeoiiai ineaaeaiiy ii?iae. No?oeoo?a
aiiuoth/eo ii?iae, ?o oeceei-iaoaii/ii aeanoeainoi aiaeiiaiaeaee
aeiaiaciio oa?aeoa?ieo oiia caeyaaiiy aoaieueieo ieanoia a
Caoiaeiiio Aeiiaani.

A ?acoeueoaoi ?ic?aooieia anoaiiaeaii, ui i?iyae ai?nueeiai oeneo a
iiaeaioia/eo i i/enieo ae?iaeao ieanoia, yei aiae?iaeththoueny a
ia?oo /a?ao, i?e iecoiaeiiio i aenoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo i?eaeecii iaeiaeiai.
Oae, a iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaeao aa?oiueiai ? ieaeiueiai ieano?a iieacieee
noieeinoi iaeaea iaeii i oi ae. A ?iai/iio i?inoi?i i/enieo ae?iaie
?ic?aoiaaii iioneaiiy iie?iaei aa?oiueiai ieanoa aei 10% aeui a
ii?iaiyiii c ieaeiii, ui naiae/eoue i?i aieueo aenieo aeaoi?iaoeith
ii??ae iie??ae?, a oiio, i iaioo ?o noieeinoue. I?i aieueo ni?eyoeeai
oiiae ia?oi/a?aiaiai aeeiaiiy ieaeiueiai ieanoa naiae/aoue oaeiae i
aaee/eie caeieiaiiy ii?iae iiaeioae oa noia?ii? eiiaa?aaioei? aieiaeo
ii?iae. Aiie aei 20% iaioi a i/enieo ae?iaeao ieaeiueiai ieanoa.

Ii?iaiyeueiee aiaeic iieacieeia noieeinoi ae?iaie ia ieanoao, yei
aiae?iaeththoueny a ae?oao /a?ao, aeaco? ia aieueo aenieo noieeinoue
ii?iae iie?iaei a ae?iaeao aa?oiueiai ieanoa, ui oaeiae naiae/eoue i?i
ia?aaaae aenoiaeiiai ii?yaeeo aiae?iaee. I?e oeueiio ci caieueoaiiyi
iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy aei 12m aeaoi?iaoeiy ii?iae iie?iaei a
?iai/iio i?inoi?i i/enieo ae?iaie ieaeiueiai ieanoa iiiioii
ciaioo?oueny, aea caeeoa?oueny aei 2 ?acia aieueoith, iiae a ae?iaeao
aa?oiueiai ieanoa.

I?ioa oiiae iiaeo?eiee iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaie aa?oiueiai ieanoa ic-ca
cia/iiai caeieiaiiy ii?iae iiaeioae iaaaaaoi ai?oi a ii?iaiyiii
c ae?iaeaie ieaeiueiai ieanoa, yeee oaeiae aiae?iaey?oueny a ae?oao
/a?ao. Caeieiaiiy ii?iae iiaeioae a ieo aei 3,5 ?ac aeua, iiae a
ae?iaeao ieaeiueiai ieanoa. Oea coiiaeaii ?oeioaaiiyi oa ineaaeaiiyi
ii?iae i?aeioae iiney aeeiaiiy ieaeiueiai ieanoa. Oiio iiaeaioia/i
ae?iaee aa?oiueiai ieanoa iio?iaii ?icoaoiaoaaoe a ciiao
?icaaioaaeaiiy, ui aoei iiaeoaa?aeaeaii ?aiioa oaooiei aenia?eiaioii.

Caiaeii c i?iaaaeaieie ?ic?aooieaie, iieacieee noieeinoi ai?ie/eo
ae?iaie c aeeaeiith caeeaaeaiiy iiai?oothoueny. Aieea iiooaeiinoi
ii?iae iiaeieanoy ia noieeinoue ae?iaee iiiioii ieae/ee, iiae aieea
aeeaeie ?ic?iaee. I?e oeueiio aieea iiooaeiino? ii??ae i?aeieanoy a
ae?iaeao aa?oiueiai ieanoa, yeee aiae?iaey?oueny a ia?oo /a?ao,
iaiaaeaiee 6-8 iao?aie.

?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy aiaeiiaiaeathoue i?aeoe/iiio aeinaiaeo. A
Cao?aeiiio Aeiiaan? i?e iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy I ( 10i
iiaeaioia/o ae?iaeo ii iiae?iaeaiiio ieanoo caeeaaeaoe ia
?aeiiaiaeo?oueny. Ii?iaiyiiy iieacieeia ?iaioe eaa, ye? iaea?aeai? i?e
aiae?iaoei iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieanoia ia oaooi «Caoiaeii-Aeiiaanueea» ?
i?iaaaeai? iaoiaeii iaoaiaoe/ii? noaoenoeee, aeacothoue ia ia?aaaae
aenoiaeiiai ii?yaeeo aiae?iaee ia?aae iecoiaeiei. Cie?aia
na?aaeiueiiiny/ia ieiua aeeiaiiy a eaaao aeeiaeueieo noiaiia ia 8
i 37% aeua aeey aenoiaeiiai ii?yaeeo (?en.2). Iioeaea ciaoiaeaeaiiy
iaoaiaoe/ieo i/ieoaaiue na?aaeiueiiiny/ii? ieiui aeeiaiiy
caeieniaia c aeiai?/ith ai?iaiaeiinoth 0,95 i neeaaea?
aiae 3 aei 12%. I?e aiaeici a?aoiaoaaany aeinaiae
?iaioe 31 eaae, noia?iee ianya aeai?ee — 559 cia/aiue. Ca aeaieie
aaaaoi?i/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue a?oie ai?nueeiai oeneo oaooe, noieeinoue
iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaie ii ieaeiueiio i aa?oiueiio ieanoai, yei
?ic?iaeththoueny a ia?oo /a?ao, i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaa. A oie aea /an,
noieeinoue inoaiiuei? ii ieaeiueiio ieanoo i?e iecoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo
aiae?iaee iaaaaaoi ieae/a iiae ii aa?oiueiio. Aei ?a/i, i?e
iiaeaioiaoei aeeiaeueieo noiaiia aeey aiae?iaee ieanoia a iecoiaeiiio
ii?yaeeo ii aa?oiueiio ieanoo aaeaeinue iiaoi?ii aeei?enoaoe nii
ae?iaie, a ii ieaeiueiio anueiai oieueee aeai. Ie?ii oeueiai, a
iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaeao iiae?iaeaiiai ieanoa niinoa?iaaeinue cia/ia
caeieiaiiy ii?iae iiaeioae.

A oeieiio aeaii i?i noieeinoue iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaie a oaooieo oiiaao,
oaoiiei-aeiiiii/ii iieacieee ?iaioe eaa i ?acoeueoaoe iaoaiaoe/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy ocaiaeaeothoueny iiae niaith. Aiie iiaeoaa?aeaeothoue
oai?aoe/iee i?iaiic i aeacothoue ia ia?aaaae aenoiaeiiai ii?yaeeo
aiae?iaee ieanoia.

Aea/aiiy aieeao iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy ia i?iyae ai?nueeiai oeneo
a ae?iaeao caeieniaia oice/iei iiaeaethaaiiyi ia aeaiaaeaioieo
iaoa?iaeao. Aeineiaeaeaiiy aeeiiaii a eaai?aoi?i? eaoaae?e
aoaeiaieoeoaa oaoo oa iiaecaiieo nii?oae. Aaiiao?e/iee ianooaa
iiaeaethaaiiy aoa i?eeiyoee ?iaiei 1:100, ?icii?e ?iai/i? eaia?e
neeaaeaee 0,3*0,3*0,08 i. Iiaeaeue aeeth/aea o?e ?iciiiiaeoeueieo
i?ioa?ee aiiuoth/eo ii?iae i aeaa aoaieueieo ieanoa. Oiceei-iaoaii/ii
oa?aeoa?enoeee aeaiaaeaioieo iaoa?iaeia aiaeiiaiaeaee oiiaai caeyaaiiy
aoaieueieo ieanoia a Caoiaeiiio Aeiiaani. Aeey eiaeiiai i?ioa?eo
aiiuoth/eo ii?iae i ieanoia aoaieey, o aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c i?eeiyoeie
e?eoa?iyie iiaeiaiinoi, aoee iiaeia?aii aiaeiiaiaeii aeaiaaeaioii
iaoa?iaee, yei aeeth/aee ia?aoii, nieiaeie, a?aoio e iinie. Ia iiaa?oii
iiaeaei, iiney iiia?aaeiueiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i aeo?eiee i?ioyaii 2
aiaeei, iaiineeanue ii?ia nioea c ?icii?ii ai/ee 1*1 ni i
iiaeaethaaeanue ai?ie/a ae?iaea. Aeaoi?iaoei? nioee ?a?no?oaaeenue
oioiaia?aoii c iaeii?? i oi? ae oi/ee i?e eiaeiiio iaaaioaaeaiii. Ca
aeaoi?iaoeiyie nioee, caiaeii c iaaaioaaeaiiyi /e ae?oaeie ia?aiao?aie
iiaeaei, aecia/aeenue aiaeiiaiaeii caeaaeiinoi, yei aiaeia?aaeaee
iiaaaeiieo ianeao ii?iae iiaeeco iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee.

Iiooaeiinoue iiaeieanoy a iiaeaeyo ciiithaaeanue aiae 4 aei 10 i c
iioa?aaeii 1 i , a aeeaeia caeeaaeaiiy ae?iaee aeey eiaeiiai
iiaeieanoy — aiae 300 aei 600 i c iioa?aaeii 50 i. Anueiai a oeie
a?oii iiaeaeae aoei aei?iaoaaii 42 iiaeaei. Noieeinoue ae?iaee
ioeiithaaeanue ii aaee/eii iaeaieueoiai aeey aeaii? aeeaeie caeieiaiiy
ii?iae iiaeioae, ye naii? cia/ii? aeaoi?iaoei? a Caoiaeiiio Aeiiaani.

Ia ?en. 3 ? 4 i?eaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe iiaeaethaaiiy, c yeeo aeaeii, ui
iayaiinoue neaaeiai iiaeieanoy cieaeo? noieeinoue ae?iaee ia
20-100% , oiaoi a 1,2-2 ?aca. I?e oeueiio iacaeaaeii aiae aeeaeie
caeeaaeaiiy ae?iaee iiiioiee aieea iaaea? iiaeieanoy iiooaeiinoth aei
6-7 i. Iiaeaeueoa caieueoaiiy iiooaeiinoi iiaeieanoy ia i?eaiaeeoue aei
inoioiiai iiai?oaiiy noaio ae?iaee. Caeaaeiinoue caeieiaiiy ii?iae
iiaeioae ae?iaee aiae iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy caaeiaieueii
iieno?oueny ooieoei?th aeaeo:

y = a — a e ( ( ( ( ( ( (

Aeey H = 500 i ia?aiao?e ooieoe??: a = 5,68; b = 0,94674; ( = 0,5557;
na?aaei? eaaae?aoe/ia a?aeoeeaiiy S(x) = 0,1082243 ii.

I?e ?iciie iiooaeiinoi ii??ae iiaeieanoy aieea aeeaeie caeeaaeaiiy
ae?iaee aieueo cia/iee iiae caieueoaiiy iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy. C
iiaeai?iiyi aeeaeie caeeaaeaiiy ae?iaee (aiae 300 aei 600 i)
caeieiaiiy ii?iae iiaeioae ae?iaee caieueoo?oueny a 2,5-1,5 ?aca.

Io?eiaii aeaii iiaeoaa?aeaeothoueny i?aeoeeith i ?acoeueoaoaie
ia-oaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy. Caiaeii c ieie iiney aeeiaiiy ieaeiueiai
iaaeoi caeeaeaiiai ieanoa a iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaeao aa?oiueiai ieanoa
niinoa?iaa?oueny cia/ia caeieiaiiy ii?iae iiaeioae. Oiio a i?aeoeoei, ye
aoei aiaecia/aii aeua, iiaeaioia/i ae?iaee ii iiae?iaeaiiio iaaeoi
caeeaeaiiio ieanoo caeeaaeaoe ia ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny. Iiaiaeaeothoueny
iiae niaith ?acoeueoaoe oece/iiai oa iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy a
/anoeii aieeao aeeaeie caeeaaeaiiy ae?iaee i iiooaeiinoi ii?iae
iiaeieanoy. Aaee/eia caeieiaiiy ii?iae iiaeioae a iiaeaioia/eo ae?iaeao
iiaeaei, ui aecia/aia c a?aooaaiiyi e?eoa?i?a iiaeiaiinoi, neeaaea? aiae
200 aei 600 ii ca 4-5,5 iinyoeia, aiaeiiaiaea? iaoo?iei oiiaai.

?acoeueoaoe i?iaaaeaieo aeineiaeaeaiue aeicaieeee ?icoe?eoe iaaeo
aeiionoeii? iiae?iaee iaaeoi caeeaeaiiai ieanoa aei 3,2m, anoaiiaeoe
ia?aaaae aeno?aeiiai ii?yaeeo a?ae?iaee ieano?a i ae?ioeoe caaea/o
aecia/aiiy ?aoeiiiaeueiiai iinoey caeeaaeaiiy iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee ii
iiae?iaeaiiio ieanoo.

Ia ?en. 5 i?eaaaeaia noaia ?aeiiaiaeiaaiiai iinoey caeeaaeaiiy
iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee ia iiae?iaeaiiio ieanoi, yea iiaeiia aooe
?icoaoiaaia ia aiaenoaii aiey iaeiiai iao?a aiae iiaaoaii? ae?iaee a
iai?yieo aiae?iaee ieanoa. Aeeiiaiiy oei?? oiiae caaacia/o? iaaeieia
iiiaaeaiiy ae?iaee a ciio ?icaaioaaeaiiy i aeiionoeieo ii?ooaiue ii?iae
iaae iiaaoaiith aei oiai /ano ae?iaee ia ieaeiueiio ieanoi. I?e
oeueiio aieea ooo/ieo ioi?iiieo nii?oae ia noiiaeiiio ieanoi
iacia/iee. Iaiaaeaiiy ii iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy iiae aeaiia
caeeaeaieie ieanoaie aei 8 i iaoiiaeaii iiaeeeaith i?e i?iaaaeaiii
ae?iaee aaee/eiith iiae?eaee ? i?eni/ee ii?iae iiaeioae oa iie?iaei aei
1,5 i.

AENIIAEE

Aeena?oaoeiy ? caeii/aiith iaoeiai-aeineiaeiith ?iaioith, a yeie
ae?ioaia aeooaeueia iaoeiaa i i?aeoe/ia caaea/a iaa?oiooaaiiy
?aoeiiiaeueieo ia?aiao?ia iiaeaioiaee iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieanoia ia
oaooao Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano oeyoii ?aae?caoei? aenoiaeiiai ii?yaeeo ?o
aiae?iaee.

I?e ae?ioaiii oei?? caaea/i aeei?enoaiee eiiieaeniee iaoiae, yeee
aeeth/a? aiaeic, ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoeiai-oaoii/ieo aeinyaiaiue a iaeanoi
?ic?iaee caeeaeaieo ieanoia, oaooiee aenia?eiaio, oice/ia oa
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy, niianoaaeaiiy ?acoeueoaoia eiiieaenieo
aeineiaeaeaiue c aeaieie aeine?aeii-i?iieneiai? ia?aai?ee iaa?oioiaaieo
?aeiiaiaeaoeie i ocaaaeueiaiiy ae?iaie/iai aeinaiaeo.

Iniiaii iaoeiai i i?aeoe/ii ?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo aeineiaeaeaiue
iieyaathoue a ianooiiiio.

1. Inoaii?i /anii iaaeoi caeeaeaii ieanoe, ye i?aaeei, ?ic?iaeythoueny a
iecoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo. Anoaiiaeaia ii?iaoeaieie aeieoiaioaie iaaea
iiae?iaee, yea aei?iaith? oanoee?aoiie iiooaeiinoi iiae?iaethth/iai
ieanoa, aeey niaoeeoi/ieo oiia Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano ? ia?aaieueoaiith.
I?e oeueiio iaia? /ioeiai iaa?oiooaaiiy iinoey ?icoaooaaiiy iiaeaioia/i?
ae?iaee, yea a oiiaao aaeeeiai caeeaeaiiy ieanoia ?noioii caeaaeeoue
aiae iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy, no?oeoo?e, oiceei-iaoaii/ieo
aeanoeainoae ii?iae i aoaieueieo ieanoia, ii/a?aiainoi ?o aiae?iaee
oa ?i.

2. A oiiaao oaoo Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano iiae?iaeaiee c e?aoiinoth 3,2 i
aieueoa aa?oiie iaaeoi caeeaeaiee ieano iiiaaea? a ciio ieaaieo
i?iaeiaiue i oii?yaeeiaaieo iioneaiue ii?iae, caa?iaa? naith
oeieiniinoue; a a iaia?ooaieo ii?iaeao iiaeieanoy aeieeathoue
oaoiieiai/ii o?iueie, yei caeii/othoueny aiey ieanoa. Aeyeoth/e
oeueiio, noai?ththoueny oiiae, yei aeicaieythoue aanoe iiaeaeueoo
?ic?iaeo aa?oiueiai ieanoa.

3. Aecia/aii ia?aiao?e ciie ?icaaioaaeaiiy aiae iiaaoaii?
iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee ii iiae?iaethth/iio iaaeoi caeeaeaiiio ieanoo.
Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneioi iii?iiai oeneo ciaoiaeeoueny a ieaii aiae
oei?? ae?iaee ia aiaenoaii 9 — 10 i, a ciia ?icaaioaaeaiiy nyaa? aei 4 —
5 i. Aeey ?aoeiiiaeueiiai iinoey ?icoaooaaiiy iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee ii
iiae?iaeaiiio ieanoo ?aeiiaiaeo?oueny oa iaeanoue ciie ?icaaioaaeaiiy,
aea aiaenooii cia/ii ?oeioaaiiy ii?iae, oiaoi ia aiaenoaii aiey 1 i a
ieaii aiae iiaaoaii? ae?iaee ieaeiueiai ieanoa.

4. Anoaiiaeaii, ui oiiae ?ic?iaee iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieanoia a
aenoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo aieueo ni?eyoeeai. Oea iaoiiaeaii caoeniith,
ae?aioth/ith aei?th aa?oiueiai ieanoa, yeee i?aaenoaaeaiee i?oeiei
aoaieeyi, i?e ia?oi/a?aiaie aiae?iaoei ieaeiueiai ieanoa.

5. Aecia/aii, ui aieea aeeaeie caeeaaeaiiy iiaeaioia/i? ae?iaee ii
aa?oiueiio iaaeoi caeeaeaiiio ieanoo ia caeieiaiiy ii?iae iiaeioae a
i?e aieueo cia/iee, iiae caieueoaiiy iiooaeiinoi ii?iae iiaeieanoy. Ci
ciiiith aeeaeie ?ic?iaee aiae 300 aei 600 i aaee/eia caeieiaiiy
caieueoo?oueny a 2,5-1,5 ?ace, i?ioe 2-1,2 ?ace i?e ciiii
iiooaeiino? ii?iae iiaeieanoy aiae 4 aei 10 iao?ia, aieea yei?
iaiaaeaiee 6-7 iao?aie.

6. Iaa?oioiaaiinoue i aeinoiai?iinoue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiaeia i
?aeiiaiaeaoeie iiaeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeinoaoiueith caiaeiinoth
?acoeueoaoia aiaeioe/ieo, aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeineiaeaeaiue i
iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, iiceoeaieie aeaieie aeineiaeii-i?iieneiai?
ia?aai?ee cai?iiiiiaaieo ?ioaiue oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ae?iaie/iai
aeinaiaeo ?ic?iaee naeo ieanoia ia oaooao Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano,
aeei?enoaiiyi caaaeueii aeciaieo iaoiaeia iaoaiaoe/iiai i oice/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy, yei caaacia/othoue aeinoiai?iinoue ?acoeueoaoia c
iioeaeith ia aieueoa 20%.

7. ?ic?iaeaii i ai?iaaaeaeaii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? ii aeai?o iinoey
caeeaaeaiiy 904-ai ai?oiaiai oo?aea ia oaooi «Caoiaeii-Aeiiaanueea»
AeOE » Iaaeia?aaeaoaieey «. Iaa?oioiaaii a ?iaioi ?aeiiaiaeaoei?
aeicaieeee ia oaooi aeiaeaoeiai aeiaooe 438,8 oen. oiii aoaieey, yea
aaaaeaeinue ii aeith/ei ii?iaoeaiei aeieoiaioai aaciiai?ioiuei
ao?a/aiei. Oea ia 3,5 iinyoei i?iaeiaaeo? oa?iii aei? ai?eciioo i
iiaeaeuo? aoaeoeaiinoue eaiioaeueieo aeeaaeaiue. Aiaeaaioaaeaiiy oei??
eieueeinoi aoaieey niiaeeaa/aai ii aiaeioneiie oeiii 55 a?i./o
caaacia/o? oaooi io?eiaiiy 24,1 iei.a?i.

NIENIE INIIAIEO IIOAEIEIAAIEO ?IA?O CAeIAOAA*A

II OAII AeENA?OAOeII

1. Eieieieia I.A., Eoaaiaoe I.A.,Oaeeiaiaeee TH.I. I ii?yaeea
io?aaioee aanueia naeeaeaiiuo ieanoia a neaauo aiauathueo ii?iaeao //
Oaieue Oe?aeiu. — 1994. — N 1. — N. 10-13.

2. Eieieieia I.A., Eoaaiaoe I.A. Yooaeoeaiay oaoiieiaey ?ac?aaioee
aanueia naeeaeaiiuo ieanoia a Caiaaeiii Aeiiaanna // Ai?iue
eioi?iaoeeiiii-aiaeeoe/aneee atheeaoaiue. — I: IAAO,1997. — N.
168-171.

3. Eieieieia I.A., Eoaaiaoe I.A. I naeaeaeaiee iiae?aaioaiiie oieue
i?e io?aaioea aanueia naeeaeaiiuo ieanoia ia oaooao Caiaaeiiai Aeiiaanna
// Nia?aiaiiua iooe ?acaeoey ia?eoaeaea?nei-aaiaeace/aneeo ?aaio ia
aaca ia?aaeiaiai ioa/anoaaiiiai e ca?oaaaeiiai iiuoa: Na. iao/i.
o?oae. — Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1997. — N. 67-72.

4. Eieieieia I.A., Eoaaiaoe I.A. ?ano?ni- e yia?ainaa?aaathuay
oaoiieiaey ?ac?aaioee naeeaeaiiuo ieanoia a Caiaaeiii Aeiiaanna //
?ano?ninaa?aaeaiea e yeieiaey i?iiuoeaiiiai ?aaeiia / Aeiiaanneay AANA.
— Iaeaaaea, 1995. — N. 87.

5. Eieieieia I.A., Eoaaiaoe I.A. Yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu
?ac?aaioee naeeaeaiiuo ieanoia a Caiaaeiii Aeiiaanna //
Yeieiai-yeiiiie/aneea i?iaeaiu ?acaaaeee, ?ac?aaioee e iaiaauaiey
iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo Oe?aeiu. — Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1997. — N. 102-103.

6. Eooa?aa A.A., Eoaaiaoe I.A. Ioeaiea yooaeoeaiinoe i?eiaiaiey ?oeiiiie
e?aie i?e aacethaeiie auaiea aanueia oiieeo e?oouo ieanoia //
?ac?aaioea e iaiaauaiea ?oaeiuo e ia?oaeiuo ianoi?iaeaeaiee i?e eo
eiiieaeniii inaiaiee: Na. iao/i. o?oae. — I.: EIEII AI NNN?, 1988. — N.
54-55.

7. Iaoaio 1838616 NNN?. Niinia io?aiu ieanoiaie ai?iie au?aaioee io
aeeyiey i/enoiuo ?aaio / Eieieieia I.A., Eoaaiaoe I.A. (Oe?aeia). —
Iioae. 30.08.93; Athe. N 32.

8. Iaoaio 2046948 ?O. Niinia io?aiu ieanoiauo iaaeno?aeueiuo
oo?aeia / Eieieieia I.A., Eocueiaiei A.I., Aie/aiei A.I., Oieaieue
A.A., Oaeeiaiaeee TH.I., Eoaaiaoe I.A. (Oe?aeia). — Iioae. 27.10.95;
Athe. N 30.

9. Iaoaio 4560 (Oe?a?ia). Niinia ioi?iie ieanoiai? ai?ie/i? ae?iaee aiae
aieeao i/enieo ?iaio / Eieieieia I.A., Eoaaiaoeue I.I. (Oe?a?ia). —
Iioae. 28.12.94; Athe. N 7-1.

10. Iaoaio 4561 (Oe?a?ia). Niinia ioi?iie ieanoiaeo
iaaino?aeueieo oo?aeia / Eieieieia I.A., Eocueiaiei I.I., Aie/aiei
A.I., Oieaieue A.A., Oaeeiaiaeee TH.I., Eoaaiaoeue I.I. (Oe?a?ia).-
Iioae. 28.12.94; Athe. N 7-1.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a a ?iaioe, iioaeieiaai? a niiaaaoi?noai,
iieyaa? a neiaeoth/iio: /1,2,3,4,5/ — aeeiiaiiy oai?aoe/ieo
?ic?iaie, oi?ioethaaiiy caaea/ aeineiaeaeaiue, i?iaaaeaiiy
aiaeioe/ieo, oaooieo aeineiaeaeaiue i iaoaiaoe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy,
ia?iaea, aiaeic i ocaaaeueiaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia; /6/ — ioeiiea
aoaeoeaiinoi ?ic?iaee aeoaea oiieeo ieanoia; /7,8,9,10/
-aiaeioe/ii, oai?aoe/ii aeineiaeaeaiiy, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy,
ia?iaea, aiaeic i ocaaaeueiaiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia.

AIIOAOe?ss

Eoaaiaoeue I.I. Iaa?oiooaaiiy ?aoeiiiaeueieo ia?aiao?ia iiaeaioiaee
iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieanoia ia oaooao Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoii/ieo
iaoe ii niaoeiaeueiinoi 05.15.02 — Iiaecaiia ?ic?iaea ?iaeiaeu ei?enieo
eiiaeei. — Iaoeiiiaeueia ai?ie/a aeaaeaiiy Oe?a?ie,
Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia iaa?oiooaaiith iiaeeeainoi aoaeoeaii? ?ic?iaee
iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieanoia Caoiaeiiai Aeiiaano a aenoiaeiiio ii?yaeeo.

A ?acoeueoao? aiae?oe/ieo, eaai?aoi?ieo oa oaooieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aecia/aii caeiiiii?iinoi caeaeaaiiy iiae?iaeaii? oiaui ? i?iyao
a??nueeiai oeneo a ae?iaeao i?e ?ic?iaoei iaaeoi caeeaeaieo ieanoia,
iaa?oioiaaii ?aoeiiiaeueia /a?aiainoue, iinoea caeeaaeaiiy aeeiaeueieo
oo?aeia ia iiae?iaeaiiio ieanoi.

Eeth/iai neiaa: iaaeoi caeeaeaiee ieano, aenoiaeiee i iecoiaeiee
ii?yaeie aiae?iaee ieanoia, iiooaeiinoue ieanoa i ii?iae
iiaeieanoy, iiaeaioia/i ae?iaee, i?iyae ai?nueeiai oeneo, ciia
iii?iiai oeneo i ciia ?icaaioaaeaiiy, noieeinue ae?iaee, oice/ia oa
iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Eoaaiaoe I.A. Iainiiaaiea ?aoeeiiaeueiuo ia?aiao?ia iiaeaioiaee
aanueia naeeaeaiiuo ieanoia ia oaooao Caiaaeiiai Aeiiaanna. — ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.02 — Iiaecaiiay ?ac?aaioea ianoi?iaeaeaiee
iieacieo eneiiaaiuo. — Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu. —
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia iainiiaaieth aiciiaeiinoe yooaeoeaiie
?ac?aaioee aanueia naeeaeaiiuo oaieuei(o ieanoia Caiaaeiiai Aeiiaanna a
ainoiaeyuai ii?yaeea.

I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec ninoiyiey aii?inia ?ac?aaioee aanueia
naeeaeaiiuo ieanoia iieacae, /oi a ianoiyuaa a?aiy iie, eae i?aaeei,
?ac?aaaouaathony a ienoiaeyuai ii?yaeea. Onoaiiaeaiiue ii?iaoeaiuie
aeieoiaioaie, aeaenoaothueie a io?anoe, i?aaeae aeiionoeiie
iiae?aaioee, ?aaiue oanoee?aoiie iiuiinoe iiae?aaaouaathuaai ieanoa,
aeey niaoeeoe/aneeo oneiaee Caiaaeiiai Aeiiaanna yaeyaony caauoaiiui.
I?e yoii iao /aoeiai iainiiaaiey ianoa caeiaeaiey iiaeaioiaeoaeueiie
au?aaioee, eioi?ia a oneiaeyo aunieie naeeaeaiiinoe ieanoia
nouanoaaiii caaeneo io iiuiinoe ii?iae iaaeaeoieanouey, no?oeoo?u,
oeceei-iaoaie/aneeo naienoa ii?iae e oaieueiuo ieanoia, i/a?aaeiinoe
io?aaioee ieanoia.

A ?acoeueoaoa aiaeeoe/aneeo, eaai?aoi?iuo e oaooiuo enneaaeiaaiee
onoaiiaeaii:

1. A oneiaeyo oaoo Caiaaeiiai Aeiiaanna iiae?aaioaiiue n e?aoiinoueth
iiae?aaioee 3,2 e aieaa aanueia naeeaeaiiue ieano nio?aiyao naith
oeaeinoiinoue, /oi iicaieyao aanoe aai iineaaeothuoth ?ac?aaioeo.

2. Aieaa aeaaii?eyoiua aaiiaoaie/aneea oneiaey ?ac?aaioee aanueia
naeeaeaiiuo ieanoia iaania/eaathony i?e ainoiaeyuai ii?yaeea, /oi
iaoneiaeaii caueoiui, ye?aie?othuei aicaeaenoaeai aa?oiaai ieanoa.

3. Aeeyiea aeoaeiu caeiaeaiey iiaeaioiaeoaeueiie au?aaioee aa?oiaai
naeeaeaiiiai ieanoa ia io/aiea ii?iae ii/au a iae aieaa nouanoaaiii,
/ai aeeyiea iiuiinoe ii?iae iaaeaeoieanouey: n oaeaiaieai aeoaeiu
?ac?aaioee io 300 aei 600 iao?ia io/aiea ii?iae ii/au au?aaioee
oaaee/eaaaony a 2,5-1,5 ?aca, i?ioea 2-1,2 ?aca i?e eciaiaiee iiuiinoe
ii?iae iaaeaeoieanouey io 4 aei 10 i, aeeyiea eioi?ie ia?aie/aii 6-7
iao?aie.

4. Iaeanoue ciiu ?aca?ocee io iiaaoaiiie iiaeaioiaeoaeueiie au?aaioee
ii iiae?aaaouaathuaio aanueia naeeaeaiiiio ieanoo, a eioi?ie
?aoeeiiaeueii caeeaaeuaaoue iiaeaioiaeoaeueioth au?aaioeo, iaoiaeeony a
ieaia io iiaaoaiiie au?aaioee ia ?annoiyiee 1-5 iao?ia.

?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiuo enneaaeiaaiee iicaieeee ?anoe?eoue i?aaeae
aeiionoeiie iiae?aaioee aanueia naeeaeaiiiai ieanoa aei 3,2 iiuiinoe
iiae?aaaouaathuaai ieanoa e ?aoeoue caaea/o ii?aaeaeaiey ?aoeeiiaeueiiai
ianoa caeiaeaiey iiaeaioiaeoaeueiie au?aaioee ii iiae?aaioaiiiio ieanoo,
eioi?ay aeieaeia auoue ?aniieiaeaia ia ?annoiyiee ieiei iaeiiai iao?a a
ieaia io iiaaoaiiie au?aaioee ii ieaeiaio ieanoo.

Iainiiaaiiua a ?aaioa ?aeiiaiaeaoeee iicaieeee ia oaooa
«Caiaaeii-Aeiiaanneay» AOE «Iaaeia?aaeoaieue» aeiiieieoaeueii
ecaea/ue 438,8 oun. oiii oaey, eioi?ue ii aeaenoaothuei ii?iaoeaiui
aeieoiaioai n/eoaeny aacaica?aoii oo?a/aiiui. Yoi ia 3,5 ianyoea
i?iaeeaaaao n?ie neoaeau ai?eciioa e iiauoaao yooaeoeaiinoue
eaieoaeueiuo aeiaeaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aanueia naeeaeaiiue ieano, ainoiaeyuee e ienoiaeyuee
ii?yaeie io?aaioee ieanoia, iiuiinoue ieanoa e ii?iae iaaeaeoieanouey,
iiaeaioiaeoaeueiua au?aaioee, i?iyaeaiey ai?iiai aeaaeaiey, ciia
iii?iiai aeaaeaiey e ciia ?aca?ocee, onoie/eainoue au?aaioee,
oece/aneia e iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea.

ABSTRACT

Lubenets N. Substantiation of rational parameters of rather contiguous
seams preparation in Western Donbass mines. — Manuscript.

Thesis for degree of candidate of technical sciences on speciality 05.
15.02 — “ Underground mining “ — National mining university of Ukraine.
— Dnepropetrovsk, 1999.

The thesis is devoted to a substantiation of an opportunity of
effective development of rather contiguous seams in Western Donbass in
the ascending order.

As a result of analytical, laboratory and mine resarches laws of
displacement of overlaying rocks and rock pressure manifestation in
workings under development of rather contiguous seams are established,
rational sequence, place of extraction drifts on overlaying seam are
based.

Key words: rather coutiguous seams, ascending and the descending order
of mined-out layers, thickness of seams and rocks between the layers,
preparatory developments, display of mine pressure, of hight pressure
and release zones, working stability, physical and mathematical
modeling.

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