I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

Iaoe?iiaeueia A??iE*A Aeaaeai?y Oe?a?iE

OEUessIIA ?ai? Aieiaeeie?iae/

OAeE 622.233:622.35

IAA?OIOOAAIIss I?AeAEUAIIss AOAEOEAIINO?

?OEIOAAIIss A??NUeEEO II??Ae AEAOOII

I?E CI?I? O?EAAEINO?

?IIOEUeNIIAI IAAAIOAAEAIIss

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.15.11 — «O?ce/i? i?ioeane a??ie/iai

ae?iaieoeoaa»

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a N?ioa?iiieuenueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

OAAEssEIA TH??e Aiae??eiae/,

aee?aeoi? IAe? i?iaeai aaiaeeiai?ee

N?ioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo,

Caneoaeaiee ae?y/ iaoee e oaoi?ee Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

— aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? EII?? A?oae?e Ieoaeeiae/,

E?aiai/ooeueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee ?inoeooo I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie,caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith oaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee;

— eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe OA?EOIIIA A?eoi? I?e?oi?iae/, noa?oee
iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee a?aeae?eo iaoai?ee aeaooo ?inoeoooo aaioaoi?/ii?
iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: a?aeae?eaiiy o?ceei-oaoi?/ieo a??ie/eo i?iaeai
Aeiiaoeueeiai o?ceei-oaoi?/iiai ?inoeoooo IAI Oe?a?ie.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «_28__» ea?oiy_ 1999 ?. i __14___ aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 08.080.03 i?e
Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320097,
i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, i?. E. Ia?ena, 19 .

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue a a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?
a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320097, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee,
i?. E. Ia?ena, 19.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee «_25__» _aa?aciy_ 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, eaiae. oaoi. iaoe,

aeioeaio A.A. Oa?/aiei

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Oaoiieia?/iee eiiieaen aeaeiaoaaiiy ei?enieo
eiiaeei neeaaea?oueny c i?ioean?a a?aea?eee ? ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae oa
ne?iaeie, ui aeaeiaoaa?oueny, ?? o?ainii?ooaaiiy e i?aeaioiaee aei
aeei?enoaiiy. Oe? i?ioeane aca?iiiia(ycai? i?ae niaith, a ?oiy
aoaeoeai?noue aecia/a?oueny aieiaiei oaeoi?ii – i??ith ? oa?aeoa?ii
iiae??aiaiiy iane, ui ?oeio?oueny. ?o a caaaeueiiio aeiaaeeo iaiao?aeii
ni?yiiaaii ci?ithaaoe a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeanoeainoae ianeao ?
iaoa??aeo, ui aeaeiaoaa?oueny, yeino? e?ioeaaiai i?iaeoeoo,
?aoe?iiaeueieo aia?aiaeo?ao ia iniiai? oaoiieia?/i? i?ioeane.
Oaiaeaioe?y ?icaeoeo a??ie/iaeiaoaii? aaeoc? iieaco?, ui a iaeaeeae/iio
iaeaooiueiio iniiaiei niiniaii ?oeioaaiiy a??nueeeo ii??ae aoaea
aeei?enoaiiy aia?a?? aeaooo. Iacaaaeth/e ia ?nioth/o ??ciiiai?oi?noue
niinia?a ?oeioaaiiy a??nueeeo ii??ae aia?a??th aeaooo, aaaaoi ieoaiue ua
aeaeae? a?ae naiai inoaoi/iiai ??oaiiy /a?ac neeaaei?noue ?
oaeaeeiieeiiinoue i?ioean?a, ui a?aeaoaathoueny. ?nioth/? caniae
aaaeaiiy ao?ii?ae?eaieo ?ia?o ? niiniae a?aea?eee ii??ae iieacothoue, ui
aiie ia aeicaieythoue iiaiith i??ith aeei?enoaoe aia?a?th aeaooiaeo
?a/iaei /a?ac neeaaei?noue ?? eieae?caoe?? oa oi?aae?iiy. ?acii c oei,
i?aeoeea iieaco?, ui iaa?oue iacia/ia aaeineiiaeaiiy cania?a aaaeaiiy
ao?ii?ae?eaieo ?ia?o ia iniia? oi?aae?iiy i?ioeanaie aeaooiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy aeicaiey? cia/iith i??ith i?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue
a?aea?eee ii??ae ? a oe?eiio aeaeiaoaaiiy ne?iaeie aeey i?iieneiaino?.
Oiio iiaeaeueo? aeine?aeaeaiiy oeyo?a ? niinia?a i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae aia?a??th aeaooo, ?ic?iaea iiaeo niinia?a
aaaeaiiy aeaooiaeo ?ia?o — aeooaeueia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia caaea/a,
ae??oaiiy yei? ia? aaaeeeaa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

Iaoa aeine?aeaeaiue. I?aeaeueoe aoaeoeai?noue ?oeioaaiiy a??nueeeo
ii??ae i?e aeaeiaoaaii? ei?enieo eiiaeei ? aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a
aia?a??th aeaooo ia iniia? ?aaoethaaiiy o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno aeaooiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy e ?ic?iaeoe niiniae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ae?iaeaiiy
ii??ae oa ioi?iie a??nueeiai ianeao, oe?eee?a ? noi?aeieo ae?iaie a?ae
aeaooiaiai aieeao ca?yae?a A?.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iaoe iaiao?aeii ?ica(caoe ianooii? iniiai? caaea/?:

— aiae?oe/ii ioe?ieoe aieea aeaooiaiai ?iioeueno ia a??nuee? ii?iaee, ui
?oeiothoueny, c o?aooaaiiyi ?o iai?oaeieo aeanoeainoae ? oaeoi?a /ano;

— i?iaanoe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno
aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i?ioean ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae ? iaoa??ae?a oa
?ic?iaeoe aeey eiai iai?aaeaii? ci?ie oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/o
naii?icoe?thaaio caa?eeo, ui noai?th? ?icie?ath/? coneeey ia no?iee
naa?aeeiaei ? oio??a;

— onoaiiaeoe caeiiii??iino? ci?ie oa?aeoa?o iiae??aiaiiy ii??ae a
caeaaeiino? a?ae o?eaaeino? aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?e i?aecaiieo oa
a?aee?eoeo niiniaao aeiaoaaiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei;

— ?ic?iaeoe niiniae i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?oeioaaiiy a??nueeeo ii??ae
e ioi?iie a??nueeiai ianeao, oe?eee?a ? noi?aeieo ae?iaie a?ae aieeao
aeaooo ia iniia? ci?ie o?eaaeino? aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?e
i?aecaiieo oa a?aee?eoeo niiniaao aeiaoaaiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei;

— i?iaanoe ai?iaaoe?th ?ic?iaeaieo niinia?a ? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e.

Iniiaia ?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? o aeei?enoaii? caeiiii??iinoae ci?ie
o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee
na?aaeiaeua oa aca?iiae?th/eo aeaoaeo?a-o??uei aeey i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?oeioaaiiy a??nueeeo ii??ae i?e aeaeiaoaaii? ei?enieo
eiiaeei ? aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a i?aecaiiei oa a?aee?eoei niiniaii.

Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy:

1. Nooi?iue ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae, ui oa?aeoa?eco?oueny ?icaeoeii
ia?aaaaeii? ia?aae? o??uei i?e eiioeueniiio iaaaioaaeaii?, caeaaeeoue
a?ae o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno ? iia’ycaiee a?ia?aie?/iith caeaaei?noth c?
oaeaee?noth ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue ae??; e?i?eiith — c aeiaaeeiith
aca?iiae?th/eo aeaoaeo?a-o??uei; ia?aaie?/iith — c /anii ae?? aeaooo.

2. O?eaae?noue ?iioeueniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ae /an aeaooo caeaaeeoue
a?ae yeino? naii?icoe?thaaii? oaa?aei? caa?eee ia iniia? iaaeaooiaiai
?oei?aiiai caniao (I?C) ? i?enei?thaa/a ?aaeoe?? oaa?ae?iiy — a?oio?oo,
ui a?ae??ciy?oueny ?aaoeueiaaiith oaeaee?noth oaa?ae?iiy a?ae 0.5 — 0.6
aiaeeie aei 25 – 30 aiaeei ? coneeeyie, ui ?icaeaathoueny aei 20 — 25
IIa.

3. Aoaeoeaia ? iaiao?aeia ca ye?noth ?oeioaaiiy oa iiae??aiaiiy
a??nueeeo ii??ae c canoinoaaiiyi naii?icoe?thaaii? caa?eee aeinyaa?oueny
?aoe?iiaeueiei ?icoaooaaiiy I?C a eiino?oeoe?yo ca?yae?a A?, ui
caaacia/othoue ca?eueoaiiy o?eaaeino? aeaooiaiai ?iioeueno aei 350-400
ien ? ?oei?aieo iai?oaeaiue a 1.4 — 1.6 ?ace.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

Aia?oa io?eiaia aiae?oe/ia caeaaei?noue aeey aecia/aiiy aaee/eie
e?eoe/iiai cia/aiiy aeaooiaiai ?iioeueno ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae c o?aooaaiiyi
?o iai?oaeieo aeanoeainoae ? oaeoi?a /ano.

Io?eiaa iiaeaeueoa i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy aeniiaie i?i oa, ui /ei aeua
u?euei?noue ii??ae, oei a?eueoa aeiaaa?oueny o?eaae?noue ?iioeueno
aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aeey ?o ?oeioaaiiy, i?e/iio aia?oa oea
anoaiiaeaii i?e a?aooaaii? iai?oaeieo aeanoeainoae a??nueeeo ii??ae.

Aaeineiiaeaia naii?icoe?thaaia oaa?aea caa?eea ca ?aooiie aaaaeaiiy a ??
ai?no iaaeaooiaiai ?oei?aiiai caniao (I?C) ? i?enei?thaa/a ?aaeoe??
oaa?ae?iiy, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny /anii ?aaoethaaiiy oaa?ae?iiy a?ae
0.5-0.6 aiaeeie aei 25 – 30 aiaeei.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii anoaiiaeaii, ui ?ic?iaeaia caa?eea aeicaiey?
?aaoethaaoe /an cao?eiee i?iaeoeo?a aeaoiiaoe?? o aeaooia?e eaia?? aei
340-350 i?e?inaeoiae. Caaaeyee oeueiio o?eaae?noue ?iioeueno aeaooiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ii?iaee ca?eueoo?oueny, ci?ithth/e ia?aiao?e ?oeioaaiiy
ii??ae i?ae aieeaii aeaooo.

Iaa?oioiaai?, ?ic?iaeai? ? aei?iaoaai? a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao iia? niiniae
a?aea?eee ii??ae e ioi?iie noi?aeieo ae?iaie oa iaeaaeiaiiy a?ae aieeao
aeaooo.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe iieyaa? a onoaiiaeaii? caeiiii??iinoae ci?ie
o?eaaeino? ?iioeueniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a caeaaeiino? a?ae /ano
?aeaenaoe??, i?oaeieo aeanoeainoae ii??ae, oaeaeeino? ?iciianthaeaeaiiy
oaeeue ae?yiiy ? aeiaaeeie aca?iiae?th/eo o??uei; iaa?oiooaaii? niinia?a
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae aeaooii, a oaeiae o
aeei?enoaii? caa?eee ia iniia? iaaeaooiaiai ?oei?aiiai caniao (I?C) ?
i?enei?thaa/a ?aaeoe?? oaa?ae?iiy — a?oio?oo.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a iieyaa? a ?ic?iaoe? ?
i?iieneia?e ia?aa??oe? ?aoe?iiaeueieo niinia?a a?aea?eee a??nueeeo
ii??ae, ui i?aeaeuothoue aoaeoeai?noue ?oeioaaiiy aeaooii ?
caaacia/othoue ?icaaioaaeaiiy oa no?ee?noue ianeao a i?eeaaeeo iaeanoyo.

Iniiai? aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii ?iaio? neeaee iniiao /ioe?ueio
iaoaio?a ? aeaio aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoa ia iia? niiniae aaaeaiiy
i?ae?eaieo ?ia?o c a?aea?eee oa ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae, ui i?ieoee ia?aa??eo
ia ea?’??ao E?eio ? i?aecaiieo ?ic?iaeao aoa?eey a Aeiiaan?.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa oa ??
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeiiia?aeaeeny ? io?eiaee noaaeaiiy ia VII oa VIII
iaoeiaeo oeieao «Aeaoi?ioaaiiy ? ?oeioaaiiy iaoa??ae?a c aeaoaeoaie, ?
aeeiai?/i? yaeua a a??nueeeo ii?iaeao oa ae?iaeao» (N?ioa?iiieue, 1990
?.; Aeoooa, 1998 ?.); ia nai?ia?? «Aeaooia? ?iaioe a ia?iaeiiio
ainiiaea?noa? ? ieoaiiy aeieia??» (Ee?a, 1990 ?.); ia nai?ia?ao
N?ioa?iiieueneiai aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1996 — 1998 ?.?.); ia
i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiio nai?ia?? Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie
(1998 ?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o?eiaaeoeyoue iaoeiaeo
?ia?o, a oiio /ene? /ioe?e noaoo? a oaoiaeo iaoeiaeo aeaeaiiyo, o?e
noaoo? a ca??ieeao iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?e, aeaa aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaa
oa /ioe?e iaoaioe.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 4
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a ? aeiaeaoe?a, i?noeoue 151 noi??ieo iaoeiiieniiai
oaenoo, o oiio /ene? 10 iaethie?a, 4 oaaeeoe?, nienie aeei?enoaieo
e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ?c 178 iaeiaioaaiue.

Aaoi? aeneiaeth? ue?o aaey/i?noue aeieoi?o oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?o,
Caneoaeaiiio aeiao?aeieeo Oe?a?ie, Eao?aaoo Aea?aeaaii? i?ai?? Oe?a?ie
Ci??io Aiae??th Ieeeoiae/o ca aeiiiiiao a ?ica(yceo caaea/ oai?aoe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae ni?a?ia?oieeai ?AOI IAI Oe?a?ie ? ae?iaie/eo
i?aai?caoe?e E?eio oa Aeiiaano ca aeiiiiiao a i?iaaaeaii?
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o e i?iieneiaeo aei?iaoaaiue ? eiinoeueoaoe?? ca
oaiith aeena?oaoe??.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

Aiae?c no/aniiai noaio ?nioth/eo aeine?aeaeaiue iaoai?cio ?oeioaaiiy
a??nueeeo ii?iae i?e aeaooiaiio ae?yii? a iai?yieo ioe?iee aieeao
o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia i?ioean ?oeioaaiiy
a??nueeeo ii??ae, ??ciiiai?oieo oei?a caa?eee ia aoaeoeai?noue
?oeioaaiiy ii??ae i?e aeaooia?e a?aea?eoe?, a oaeiae eiino?oeoe?e
ca?yae?a A? ? noai i?ae?eaaiiy ia ?acoeueoaoe iiae??aiaiiy a??nueeeo
ii??ae a i?ioean? ao?ii?ae?eaieo ?ia?o iieacaa, ui iniiaiei iai?yieii
oaeineiiaeaiiy ia?aiao??a aeaooo aeey eiai aoaeoeaiiai aeei?enoaiiy ?
caa?eea, yea aeicaiey? ?aaoethaaoe o?eaae?noue ae?? aeaooo. Aeina?ae
iieaco?, ui ?nioth/? ?? ??ciiaeaee a neeaae? ??ciiiai?oieo neieeo ?
a’yceeo iaoa??ae?a, oa aeaye? ?io?, ae/a?iaee nai? iiaeeeaino? a oe?ie?e
iiaeeo?eaoe?? ia?aiao??a aeaooo.

?acoeueoaoe oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o, i?enay/aieo
ieoaiiyi ea?oaaiiy aia?a??th aeaooo a a??nueeeo ii?iaeao, aeeeaaeai? a
ooiaeaiaioaeueieo i?aoeyo a?aeiieo a/aieo: aeaaeai?e?a I. A.
Eaa?aioueaaa, I. A. Iaeueieeiaa, I. A. Naaeianeiai, ?. ?. Oaiyeeia,
/e.-ei?. IAI Oe?a?ie A. ?. ?o?aiiaa, AI A?oc?? A. I. I?iaeae?,
?AI A. ?. ?aeeoaaa, i?ioani??a ?. A. Aa?aiiaa, E. ?.
Aa?iia, A. A. Ai?iaeeiaa, I. ?. Aeaniaa, A.A. Aiaea, A. I.
Aeaieaethea, I. O. Ae?oeiaaiiai, A. I. Eii??a, A. I. Eooociaa,
O. ?. Eo/a?yaiai, E. I. Ia?/aiea, A. I. Iineioey, TH. N. Iaoea,
I. ?. Oaaei?aiea, A. I. ?iae?iiiaa, A. I. Oaioea?aa, A.I.
Oa??oiiiaa, a oaeiae ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeiee?a ?. ?oi, I. Eoooa?a, Aeae.
I??niia, E. O?ii ? ?yaeo ?ioeo. Aiie aeicaieythoue iaeiicia/ii oyaeoe
iaoai?ci ae?? aeaooo. Iaeiae, ??ciiiai?oi?noue, neeaaei?noue ? aaeeea
oaeaee?noue ia?aa?ao i?ioean?a aeaooiaiai ?oeioaaiiy, i?ecaaee aei
aeieeiaiiy aaaaoueio oyaeaiue uiaei iiaeeeaino? ea?iaaii? ci?ie
?oeioaaiiy ii??ae aeaooii, a ieoaiiy aieeao ?iioeueno aeaooiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ? eiai aie?ooaee ia ?oeioaaiiy aeioaia? iathoue
iaiaeiicia/ia oeoia/aiiy.

Iaaeinoaoi?noue aea/aiiy caeiiii??iinoae aieeao o?eaaeino? aeaooiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia aoaeoeai?noue ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae aeaooii, a oaeiae
iaiao?aei?noue iiaeaeueoiai aaeineiiaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaee iiaeo niinia?a
aaaeaiiy ao?ii?ae?eaieo ?ia?o aecia/eee iaoo ? caaea/? aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy, aea ?icaeyaeathoueny ieoaiiy aecia/aiiy caeaaeiino?
o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno ?oeioaaiiy a?ae aeanoeainoae ii??ae ? oaeoi?a /ano,
ieoaiiy aieeao ia aoaeoeai?noue iiae??aiaiiy yeino? caa?eee ? iia’ycaii?
c iath eiino?oeoe?? ca?yae?a A? oa noai ?o ?icoaooaaiiy a ianea?
a??nueeeo ii??ae.

Aeey aea/aiiy caeaaeiino? o?eaaeino? aeaooiaiai ?iioeueno ?oeioaaiiy
ii??ae c o?aooaaiiyi ?o iai?oaeieo aeanoeainoae ? oaeoi?ii /ano aeeiiai?
aiae?oe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy c canoinoaaiiyi iniia aeeiai?/ii? iaoai?ee
?oeioaaiiy.

Iei? a?eueo?noue aaoi??a i?ae iaoai?ciii ?oeioaaiiy a??nueeeo ii??ae
aia?a??th aeaooo ?icoi?thoue ?acoeueoao aca?iiae?? i?ioean?a oaeeueiai?
ae?? aeaooo, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ooai?aiiy o??uei, ? ianooiii? ii?oiaai?
ae?? i?iaeoeo?a aeaoiiaoe??. Ioaea, iiaeia aaaaeaoe, ui ?oeioaaiiy
oaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a, a oiio /ene? ? a??nueeeo ii??ae, coiiaeaia
?icaeoeii o??uei.

Aeey a?aooaaiiy ?aieia?/ieo aeanoeainoae iaoa??aeo, ia ye? ae??
?iioeuen, aeei?enoiaoaaeenue iniiai? iieiaeaiiy iaoai?ee
i?oaeiiieanoe/ieo na?aaeiaeu ? i?eioeei Aieueoeiaia-Aieueoa??a, ui
oni?oii canoiniaothoueny a inoaii?e /an i?e ?ica(yceia? iiiaeeiieeo
aeeiai?/ieo caaea/. Ca?aeii c ieie aeeiai?/i? caaea/? c o?aooaaiiyi
?aieia?? ?ica(ycothoueny oae naii, ye ? caaea/? oai??? i?oaeiino?, aea c
cai?iith i?oaeieo eiinoaio a?aeiia?aeieie ?ioaa?aeueieie iia?aoi?aie.

Oeae oeyo ?ica(yceo canoino?ii aei aeeiai?/ieo caaea/ ae?? aeaooo ia
o??ueie, yeui ooieoe?y /ano, yea aieeaa? ia iia?aoi?a, ? naiee iia?aoi?
iathoue aeanoeaino? eiiooaoeaiino?. Ia?aa??ea iieaco?, ui aiia
aeeiio?oueny, cie?aia, aeey oaeiai oeio caaea/.

Ine?eueee ?oeioaaiiy oaa?aeeo iaoa??ae?a coiiaeaia ?icaeoeii o??uei, oi
aeey aecia/aiiy e?eoe/ii? o?eaaeino? ae?? aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
ii?iaeo nei?enooaaeenue a?aeiiei e?eoa???i ?oeioaaiiy c e?eoeiai
?icaeoeo o??uei a na?aaeiaeu? i?e ?iioeueniiio iaaaioaaeaii?

,

aea SYMBOL 115 \f «Symbol» \s 12 s (t) – iai?oaeaiiy ?iioeueno; SYMBOL
120 \f «Symbol» \s 12 x — eiai o?eaae?noue; A- iiaeoeue
i?oaeiino?; a — oaeaee?noue iicaeiaaei?o oaeeue caoeo; ( — iiaa?oiaaa
aeoeaia aia?a?y.

I?ney o?aooaaiiy iai?oaeieo aeanoeainoae ii??ae iaoiaeaie oai???
niaaeeiai? iiaco/ino? e?eoa??e ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae ia? aeaeyae:

,

; c — aeiaaeeia o??ueie c yeith aca?iiae?? ?iioeuen; SYMBOL 110 \f
«Symbol» \s 12 n — eiao?oe??io Ioanniia; SYMBOL 97 \f «Symbol» \s 12 a
— ?aieia?/iee ia?aiao?; SYMBOL 116 \f «Symbol» \s 12 t — /an
?aeaenaoe??; A( SYMBOL 97 \f «Symbol» \s 12 a ) — aaia-ooieoe?y; (, ( —
?aieia?/i? ia?aiao?e; SYMBOL 114 \f «Symbol» \s 12 r — u?euei?noue
ii??ae; t — /an ia?aa?ao i?ioeano ?oeioaaiiy.

C aiae?co io?eiaiiai ae?aco aeieeaa?, ui /ei a?eueoee /an ?aeaenaoe??
(oiaoi /ei i?oei?oee iaoa??ae), oei a?eueoith iiaeiia aooe o?eaae?noue
e?eoe/iiai ?oei?aiiai ?iioeueno. Iaaiaee, yeui /an ?aeaenaoe?? aeoaea
iaeee, oi o?eaae?noue e?eoe/iiai ?iioeueno aoaea iaioith. sseui
?icaeyaeaoe iaoa??aee ??ciiiai?oii? u?eueiino? oi, ai/aaeaeue, ui aeey
?oeioaaiiy iaoa??aeo c a?eueoith u?euei?noth aeiaaa?oueny o?eaae?oee
e?eoe/iee ?iioeuen.

A ?acoeueoao? /eneiaeo ?ic?aooie?a aeey oe?ieiai ae?aiaciio cia/aiue
ao?aeieo o ae?ac? oa?aeoa?enoee (i?e aaciaeo cia/aiiyo: ( = 0.7; (/( =
0.3; n= 0.05 i; a = 2000 i/n; ( = 0.045; ( = 0.15) io?eiai?
caeiiii??iino?, ye? iieacothoue, ui o?eaae?noue ?oei?aiiai ?iioeueniiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy iia’ycaia c? oaeaee?noth ?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue
a?ia?aie?/iith caeaaei?noth, c aeiaaeeiith aca?iiae?th/eo
aeaoaeo?a-o??uei — e?i?eiith ? c /anii ae?? aeaooo (ye ? iai?oaeieie
aeanoeainoyie) – ia?aaie?/iith.

Io?eiai? aeai? na?ae/aoue, ui o?eaae?noue ?iioeueniiai iaaaioaaeaiey ?
aecia/aeueiith oa?aeoa?enoeeith a noai?aii? ?aoe?iiaeueieo oiia
ni?yiiaaiiai ?oeioaaiiy na?aaeiaeua ? ae?? aeaooo a oe?eiio, a ??
ea?iaaia ci?ia — aoaeoeaiei iai?yieii oaeineiiaeaiiy niinia?a aaaeaiiy
i?ae?eaieo ?ia?o.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a, ia aac? iaa?iiaaeaeaiiai
aeina?aeo, ?icaeyiooa ieoaiiy noai?aiiy iiai? oaa?aei? caa?eee c
?aaoeueiaaieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie, ui aeicaieythoue ci?ithaaoe o?eaae?noue
aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy. Aiane?aeie aeine?aeaeaiue aoea cai?iiiiiaaia
aaeineiiaeaia oaa?aea naii?icoe?thaaia caa?eea ia iniia? iaaeaooiaiai
?oei?aiiai caniao, ui a?ae??ciy?oueny, o ii??aiyii? c ?nioth/eie,
aenieith oaeaee?noth oaa?ae?iiy ? aeiaeaoeiaeie iai?oaeaiiyie ia no?iee
naa?aeeiaei ? oio??a, ye? i?aeaeuothoue c/?ieaiiy caa?eee c ianeaii.

Aeey ia?aa??ee oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue ? iiai? caa?eee aoee aeeiiai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Oeaio? aaae aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?ia?o
aoa ia?aianaiee a eaai?aoi?i? oiiae, aea caaacia/oaaeiny ?o i?iaaaeaiiy
c aeinoaoiueith oi/i?noth oa aeei?enoaiiyi no/anii? aia?aoo?e ? iaoiaeee
aea/aiiy oaeaeeiieeiieo i?ioean?a i?e aeaooiaiio ?oeioaaii? c?ace?a
aeine?aeaeoaaieo a??nueeeo ii??ae. Oioi?a?no?aoe?y iiiaio?a ii/aoeo
aee?oo caa?eee ? i?ioean?a ?oeioaaiiy iiaeaeueieo c?ace?a aeeiioaaeanue
ia oaeaee?niiio oioi?a?no?aoi?? NO?-1I. C?acee ?ici??aie 100 o 100 o 100
ii aeaioiaeyeenue c i?e?iaeieo a??nueeeo ii??ae (ia?io?iaeaei? aaiiyee)
? i?neiai-oeaiaioii? noi?o?. Aeey aei??thaaiiy o?eaaeino? aieeao
i?iaeoeo?a aeaoiiaoe?? ia ?oeioaaiiy c?ace?a aeei?enoiaoaaeanue
oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/a naii?icoe?thaaia caa?eea c noi?o? iaaeaooiaiai
?oei?aiiai caniao (I?C), a?oio?oo ? aiaee.

Ca?eueoaiiy o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ni?eyei
i?aeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiino? ?oeioaaiiy c?ace?a.

Aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaieo aenia?eiaio?a aoea anoaiiaeaia aoaeoeaia
?aoeaioo?a caa?eee: 70% I?C, 22% aiaee ? 8% a?oio?oo. Iaaeae? aiia aoea
aeei?enoaia ia i?aeoeoe?. Aeey oaei? ?aoeaioo?e /an cae?i/aiiy ?aaeoe??
a?ae?aoaoe?? (oaa?ae?iiy) neeaaeaa 0.5 — 0.6 aiaeeie. I?ney ?aoaeueiiai
ia?ai?ooaaiiy caa?eea ia? eaaei oaeo/o eiinenoaioeeth, a?eueii caiiaith?
ianya oio??a ? naa?aeeiaei, i?e oeueiio coneeey ia no?iee oio??a oa
naa?aeeiaei a?ae ae?? iioe?aiiy caa?eee aeinyaaee 20 — 25 IIa.

I?ney caaa?oaiiy ?aaeoe?? a?ae?aoaoe?? ?ic?iaeaia caa?eea caaacia/o?
cao?eieo aeeeaeo i?iaeoeo?a aeaoiiaoe?? A? aei 350 — 400 i?e?inaeoiae,
e??i oiai, aei 1.5 ?ac?a ca?eueoothoueny iai?oaeaiiy, ui aecaai? ae??th
ca?yae?a A?. Oea ni?ey? ca?eueoaiith aoaeoeaiino? ae?? aeaooo c
?oeioaaiiy, i?i ui na?ae/eoue c?inoaiiy a?eueo, i?ae aaea?/? (c 16% aei
36%) aeoiaeo a aenia?eiaioao o?aeoe?e, iaioeo 5 ii.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy a iaoo?ieo oiiaao iieacaee, ui ?ic?iaeaiee neeaae
caa?eee, a iniiao yei? iieeaaeaiee iaaeaooiaee ?oei?aiee can?a ?
i?enei?thaa/ ?aaeoe?? oaa?ae?iiy, caaeia?eueii aieno?oueny a
oaoiieia?/iee eaioetha aaaeaiiy ao?ii?ae?eaieo ?ia?o ? aeicaiey? oieeaoe
iaaoooy ?ia?oieeaie niaoe?aeueieo iaae/ie c i?eaiooaaiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy
caa?eee.

Io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe neeaee iniiao iiaeo niinia?a ? noai aaaeaiiy
a??ie/eo ?ia?o c a?aea?eee ii??ae, ye? caoeuai? aaoi?nueeeie
na?aeioeoaaie ? iaoaioaie.

Aeey a?aea?eee neaeueieo ii??ae (iaoaio Oe?a?ie ? 2801, iaoaio N?N? ?
1833467) cai?iiiiiaai? eiia?iiaai? ca?yaee, ye? aeeth/athoue neio/o
caa?eeo ? caa?eeo c I?C ? aeicaieythoue ci?ieoe ae?th aeaooo ye a /an?,
oae ? a i?inoi??. Ia?aa??ea niiniao a?aea?eee neaeueieo ii??ae a
i?iieneiaeo oiiaao i?iaiaeeeanue ia ea?(??? «O?oaeiethaiaea»
N?ioa?iiieuenueei? ae?eyiee Aao/ena?aenueeiai ea?(??ioi?aae?iiy.
Ii?iaee, ui a?aeaeaaeenue ia ea?(???, aoee i?aaenoaaeai? ae?i?eoaie c
eiao?oe??ioii i?oeiino? ca oeaeith I.I.I?ioiae(yeiiiaa f = 8-9.
?acoeueoaoe ia?aa??ee iieacaee ca?eueoaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ? ??aiii??iino?
iiae??aiaiiy ii??ae, a oaeiae a?aenooi?noue iaaaaa?eo?a.

Niin?a a?aea?eee iaiaeii??aeieo ii??ae (a. n. N?N? ? 1713337),
a?oioo?oueny ia ?ici?uaii? ca?yae?a A? c caa?eeith c I?C a i?ioa?eao c
i?oeieo ii??ae. Aei?iaoaaiiy niiniao ia ea?(??? «Ia?io?iaa» A? E?ei
aeey a?aea?eee iaiaeii??aeieo aaiiye?a aeicaieeee cian?i aeeo/eoe aeo?ae
iaaaaa?eo?a ? a 1.5-1.6 ?ace ca?eueoeoe aeo?ae eiiaeeoe?eieo o?aeoe?e.

Aaaeeeaei iai?yieii oaeineiiaeaiiy ?ia?o yaeythoueny niiniae, ui
a?oioothoueny ia i?aeaeuaii? aoaeoeaiino? ?oeioaaiiy oa iaiaaeaiiy ae??
aeaooo ia aeiaeieeoi? ia(?eoe (a.n. N?N? ? 1623363) ? iathoue oe?ie?
oaoiieia?/i? iiaeeeaino?. Aeieeaaeii ?icaeyioo? noaie ?o aeei?enoaiiy
i?e i?ioiaeaeaii? oaoiieia?/ieo o?aioae, ?oeioaaii? ii??ae a noi?aeieo
ae?iaeao ia aaeeeeo aeeaeiao, eiia?iiaaiiio niinia? (i?ae?eaiiio ?
iaoai?/iiio) aeaeiaooeo aaeeeeo aeie?a i?aecaiiei oa a?aee?eoei
niiniaaie (iaoaio Oe?a?ie ? 2025, iaoaio N?N? ? 1797654). I?iieneiaa
ia?aa??ea ?ic?iaeaieo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue i?e canoinoaaii? ia ea?»??ao ? a
oaooao eaia?iiai aeiaoaaiiy e?oiieo aeie?a i?aecaiiei niiniaii oa
caa?aaeaii? noi?aeieo ae?iaie i?ae /an aeeiiaiiy ao?ii?ae?eaieo ?ia?o a
oaoo? «Cao?aeii-Aeiiaanueea», iieacaea aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ?oeioaaiiy
ii??ae, aeinyaiaiiy nooiaiy iaiao?aeiiai ?oeioaaiiy c caaacia/aiiyi
cieaeaiiy ae?? aeaooo ia oaoiieia?/i? ia(?eoe, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
a?aeiia?aeieie aeieoiaioaie e aeoaie, ye? oa?eoee a aeiaeaoee aei
aeena?oaoe??.

AENIIAEE

Aeena?oaoe?y ? iaoeiai-aeine?aeiith ?iaioith, a ye?e ae??oeia aaaeeeaa
iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia caaea/a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?oeioaaiiy a??nueeeo
ii??ae aeaooii, ui iieyaa? a iaa?oiooaaii? ci?ie ?ioaineaiino?
?oeioaaiiy o?eaae?noth ?iioeueniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaoe?
?aoe?iiaeueieo niinia?a a?aea?eee a??nueeeo ii??ae i?e i?aecaiieo oa
a?aee?eoeo niiniaao aeiaoaaiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei.

Aeey ?ica(yceo oe??? caaea/? aeei?enoai? iaoiaee aiae?co oa
ocaaaeueiaiiy iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo aeinyaiaiue, aiae?oe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy
ia aac? iniiaieo caeii?a iaoai?ee ?oeioaaiiy oaa?aeeo o?e ? o?ceee
a??nueeeo ii??ae, iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue iiai? caa?eee, aenia?eiaioaeuei? oa i?iieneia?
aei?iaoaaiiy iiaeo niinia?a oa noai aaaeaiiy ao?ii?ae?eaieo ?ia?o c
a?aea?eee ? ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae ia ea?’??ao oa oaooao.

Iniiai? iaoeia? aeniiaee ? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe??, io?eiai? i?e
i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeaeaiue, aacothoueny ia ?acoeueoaoao e?eoe/iiai
aiae?co iaoiae?a, niinia?a ? cania?a i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aaaeaiiy
i?ae?eaieo ?ia?o a neeaaeieo oiiaao; oai?aoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo
caeaaeiino? o?eaaeino? ?iioeueniiai ?oei?aiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy a?ae
aeanoeainoae ii??ae ? oaeoi?a /ano; aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiiyo
caa?eee ? ?? aieeao ia ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae; i?iieneiaeo aei?iaoaaiiyo
iiaeo niinia?a ? noai a?aea?eee ii??ae oa ioi?iie iaaeieeoi?o ia(?eo?a
a?ae ae?? aeaooo ia ea?’??ao oa a oaooao ? caiaeyoueny aei ianooiiiai:

1. Aia?oa io?eiaia aiae?oe/ia caeaaei?noue, ui aecia/a? e?eoe/ia
cia/aiiy aeaooiaiai ?iioeueno i?e ?ice?eoo? o??ueie c o?aooaaiiyi
iai?oaeieo aeanoeainoae a??nueeeo ii??ae ? oaeoi?a /ano. Anoaiiaeaii, ui
/ei aeua u?euei?noue ii??ae, oei a?eueoith iiaeiia aooe o?eaae?noue
?iioeueno aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aeey ?? ?oeioaaiiy. O?eaae?noue
?iioeueno iia’ycaia a?ia?aie?/iith caeaaei?noth c oaeaee?noth
?iciianthaeaeaiiy oaeeue, e?i?eiith — c aeiaaeeiith aca?iiae?th/eo
aeaoaeo?a-o??uei, ia?aaie?/iith — c /anii ae?? aeaooo. Oeae aeniiaie
neeaa iniiao aeey noai?aiiy iiai? caa?eee.

2. Ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo aeine?aeaeaiue ?c
iaoa??ae?a: i?neo, I?C, i?enei?thaa/a aeinyaiaiiy I?C oaa?aei? oace —
a?oio?oo oa aiaee, ?ic?iaeaia oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/a naii?icoe?thaaia
caa?eea, yea noai?th? aeiaeaoeia? noaoe/i? iai?oaeaiiy ia ii?iaee ?
ca?eueoo? ca ?aooiie u?eueiiai caie?aiiy i?iaeoeo?a aeaoiiaoe??
o?eaae?noue ae?? aeaooiaiai ?iioeueno, i?e nei?i/aii? /ano oaa?ae?iiy a
aeanyoee ?ac?a o ii??aiyii? c ?nioth/eie ?a/iaeiaie.

3. Aiane?aeie eaai?aoi?ieo aeine?aeaeaiue cai?iiiiiaaiee iiaee
i?enei?thaa/ /ano oaa?ae?iiy naii?icoe?thaaii? caa?eee, yeee a
i?iii?oe?? 70% I?C, 22% aiaee ? 8% a?oio?oo aeicaiey? aeiaanoe /an
u?eueiiai caie?aiey naa?aeeiaeie aei 0,5 — 0,6 aiaeeie ? caaacia/o?
?ici??i? coneeey aei 20-25 IIa. I?e oeueiio ca?eueoo?oueny o?eaae?noue
ae?? ?iioeueno aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy aei 350 — 400 i?e?inaeoiae, a
?oei?ai? iai?oaeaiiy ca?eueoothoueny a 1,4-1,6 ?ace.

4. ?ic?iaeai? iia? niiniae a?aea?eee iaeii??aeieo neaeueiuo ii??ae, ui
aacothoueny ia ci?iiino? o?eaaeino? ?iioeueniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy c
aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeeo?eaoe?e iiai? naii?icoe?thaaii? caa?eee ?
?aoe?iiaeueieo noaiao ?? i?inoi?iaiai ?icoaooaaiiy c ca?yaeaie A? a
ianea? ii??ae.

5. ?ic?iaeaiee iiaee niin?a a?aea?eee iaiaeii??aeieo a??nueeeo ii??ae c
canoinoaaiiyi iiaeo eiino?oeoe?e ? i?ea?iaeueieo noai ?icoaooaaiiy
ca?yae?a A?, a oaeiae iiai? caa?eee, yeith caie?athoueny ca?yaee a
i?oeieo i?ioa?eao ii??ae.

6. ?ic?iaeaiee iiaee niin?a ?icaaioaaeaiiy a??nueeiai ianeao e ioi?iie
a?ae aieeao aeaooo noi?aeieo ae?iaie, oaoiieia?/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy ?
iaaeieeoiueiai ianeao ca ?aooiie iiaeeo?eaoe?? o?eaaeino? oa ciaioaiiy
aie?ooaee ?iioeueniiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ca oiia caa?aaeaiiy iaiao?aeiiai
?oeioaaiiy a eieaeueieo ciiao i?e i?aecaiieo ?ic?iaeao .

7. Aeeiiaia ia?aa??ea i?iaaaeaieo ?ic?iaie a i?iieneiaeo oiiaao ea?’a?ia
oa oaoo, anoaiiaeaia ?o aoaeoeai?noue ? iaiao?aeia ye?noue ?oeioaaiiy, a
oaeiae iiae??aiaiiy a??nueeeo ii??ae i?e cieaeaii? o?oaeicao?ao ia
aaaeaiiy a??nueeeo ?ia?o ? ciaioaii? aeo?aoe A?.

?aeiiaiaeaoe?? ii aeei?enoaiith ?acoeueoao?a. ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe o
a?aeiia?aeiino? c ?acoeueoaoaie i?iieneiaeo aei?iaoaaiue iiaeooue
aeei?enoiaoaaoeny a??ie/iaeiaoaieie i?aei?e?inoaaie i?e aeaeiaoaaii?
ei?enieo eiiaeei ? aoae?aaeueieo iaoa??ae?a a neeaaeieo oiiaao E?eio ?
Aeiiaano i?aecaiiei oa a?aee?eoei niiniaii.

NIENIE INIIAIEO IIOAE?EIAAIEO ?IA?O

CAeIAOAA*A CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Oeueyiia E.A., Ci?ei A.I. Yooaeoeaiinoue ?ac?ooaiey ii?iae yia?aeae
ac?uaa // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. — E: Oaoi?ea. — 1998. — ? 3. — N. 11-12.

2. Oaaei?eei N.E., Oeueyiia E.A., Eociaoeia E.A. I?ioiaeea
oaoiieiae/aneeo o?aioae i?e aeiau/a ecaanoiyeiauo aeieia //
I?iiuoeaiiinoue no?ieoaeueiuo iaoa?eaeia. Na?ey 7/2, Aeiau/a e
ia?a?aaioea nu?uey aeey i?iiuoeaiiinoe no?ieoaeueiuo iaoa?eaeia/
Yeni?ann-iaci?. Aui. 1. — I.: AIEEYNI, 1990. — N. 20-23.

3. Oeueyiia E.A. Iiauoaiea yooaeoeaiinoe ?ac?ooaiey ii?iae eciaiaieai
aeeeoaeueiinoe eiioeueniiai iaa?oaeaiey // I?eaei?i?ianueeee
iaoeiaee a?niee. Oaoi?/i? iaoee. – Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Iaoea ? ina?oa,
1998. — ? 105 (172). – N. 77-79.

4. Oeueyiia E.A. E aii?ino caueou iiaecaiiuo au?aaioie i?e aaaeaiee
ac?uaiuo ?aaio // I?eaei?i?ianueeee iaoeiaee a?niee. Oaoi?/i? iaoee. –
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee: Iaoea ? ina?oa, 1998. — ? 105 (172). – N. 79-80.

5. Oaaeyeia TH.A., Oeueyiia E.A. Aeeyiey eiioeuena ac?uaiiai iaa?oaeaiey
ia oa?aeoa? ?ac?ooaiey ai?iuo ii?iae // O?oaeu VIII iao/iie oeieu
«Aeaoi?ie?iaaiea e ?ac?ooaiea iaoa?eaeia n aeaoaeoaie, e aeeiaie/aneea
yaeaiey a ai?iuo ii?iaeao e au?aaioeao». — Neioa?iiieue: NAO,
1998. — N. 100-101.

6. ?uaeaeia A.I., Oeueyiia E.A. Enneaaeiaaiea aeeiaieee ?ac?ooaiey
ai?iuo ii?iae // Oacenu aeieeaaeia Ananithciie iao/iie oeieu
«Aeaoi?ie?iaaiea e ?ac?ooaiea iaoa?eaeia n aeaoaeoaie, e aeeiaie/aneea
yaeaiey a ai?iuo ii?iaeao e au?aaioeao». — Neioa?iiieue: NAO,
1987. — N. 103.

7. Oeueyiia E.A. Acaeiiaeaenoaea noaoe/aneeo e aeeiaie/aneeo iieae
iai?yaeaiee i?e ?ac?ooaiee ai?iuo ii?iae // Oacenu aeieeaaeia VII
Ananithciie iao/iie oeieu «Aeaoi?ie?iaaiea e ?ac?ooaiea iaoa?eaeia n
aeaoaeoaie, e aeeiaie/aneea yaeaiey a ai?iuo ii?iaeao e
au?aaioeao». — Neioa?iiieue: NAO, 1990. — N. 197.

8. A.n. ? 1623363 NNN?, IEE F 42 D 3/04. Niinia ?aca?ocee ai?iiai
ianneaa / A.I. Ci?ei, E.A. Oa?iaa, E.A. Oeueyiia (NNN?).- ? 4659309;
Cayae. 6.03.89. Ia ioae.

9. A.n. ? 1713337 NNN?, IEE F 42 D 3/00. Niinia ioaieee iaiaeii?iaeiuo
ii?iae / Y.E. Ao?aiia, A.I. Ci?ei, E.A. Oeueyiia, A.E. Oaaeaiia
(NNN?). — ? 4810146/03; Cayae. 4.04.90. Ia ioae.

10. Iao. ? 1797654 NNN?, IEE E 21 C 37/00. Oio?iaay anoaaea aeey
?ac?ooaiey iiiieeoia ?anoe?ythueieny oaa?aeathueie ninoaaaie
/ N.E. Oaaei?eei, E.A. Oeueyiia, A.E. Oaaeaiia, A.I. Ci?ei (NNN?).-
? 4843126/03; Caae. 26.06.90; Iioae.23.02.93, Athe.? 7.

11. Iao. ? 2025 Oe?a?ia, IEE E 21 C 37/00. Oio?iaa anoaaea aeey
c?oeioaaiiy iiiieeo?a oaa?ae?th/eie niieoeaie, ui ?icoe?ththoueny
/ ?.A. Oeueyiia, A.I. Ci??i, N.?. O?aei?e?i, A.?. O?ae?iia (Oe?a?ia). —
? 93270566, 05.03 93. Cayae. 26.07.90. Iioae. 20.12.94, Athe. ? 4.

12. Iao. ? 1833467 NNN?, IEE E 21 C 37/00. Niinia ioaieee neaeueiuo
ii?iae / Y.E. Ao?aiia, A.I. Ci?ei, TH.A. Einoaiaeia, E.A. Oeueyiia, N.I.
?iaeae, A.E. Oaaeaiia (NNN?). — ? 4928541/03, Cayae.
12.04.91. Iioae. 07.08.93. Athe. ? 29.

13. Iao. ? 2801 Oe?a?ia, IEE A 21 N 37/00. Niin?a a?aeaith neaeueieo
ii??ae / ?.?. ?o??iia, A.I. Ci??i, TH.A. Einoaiaeia, ?.A. Oeueyiia,
N.I. ?iaeae, A.?. O?ae?iia (Oe?a?ia). — ? 93290784, 05.03.93;
Caae.12.04.91; Iioae. 26.12.94, Athe. ? 5-1.

Iniaenoee aianie aeena?oaioa a ?iaioe, iioae?eiaai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?: (1,
6) — ?ic?iaea oaeaeeioaa?ae?th/o caa?eeo ia iniia? I?C, onoaiiaea
caeaaei?noue i?ae o?eaae?noth ?iioeueno aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ?
oa?aeoa?ii ?oeioaaiiy a??nueeeo ii??ae; (2) — ?ic?iaea eiino?oeoe??
eieiieiaeo ca?yae?a ? iaa?oiooaaa niin?a ?o canoinoaaiiy; (6) — ?ic?iaea
iaoiaeeee ?a?no?aoe?? oaeeueiaeo iie?a a iai?ici?eo iaoa??aeao; (8, 9) —
cai?iiiioaaa aeei?enoaoe ?iioeuene aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy ??cii?
o?eaaeino? aeey ioi?iie ii?iaeiiai ianeao a?ae aieeao aeaooo, a oaeiae
I?C a yeino? eiiiiiaioa ca?yae?a A? oa iaa?oiooaaa aca?iiae?th noaoe/ieo
? aeeiai?/ieo iie?a iai?oaeaiue; (10, 11, 12, 13) — cai?iiiioaaa
eiino?oeoe?th anoaaee aeey i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae
i?e aeei?enoaii? I?C, eiia?iiaaio caa?eeo, noaie aaaeaiiy ao?ii?ae?eaieo
?ia?o, iaa?oiooaaa aoaeo i?aeaeuaiiy e?aoiino? aieeao aeaooo ia ii?iaee,
ui a?aeaeaathoueny.

AIIOAOe?ss

Oeueyiia ?.A. Iaa?oiooaaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ?oeioaaiiy
a??nueeeo ii??ae aeaooii i?e ci?i? o?eaaeino? ?iioeueniiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.15. 11 — «O?ce/i? i?ioeane a??ie/iai
ae?iaieoeoaa». Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?y i?enay/aia ieoaiiyi aeine?aeaeaiiy i?aeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiino? ?oeioaaiiy a??nueeeo ii??ae ? ?ic?iaoe? niinia?a
a?aeaeaaiiy, ui aacothony ia ci?i? o?eaaeino? ?iioeueno aeaooiaiai
iaaaioaaeaiiy. A ?iaio? io?eiaia aiae?oe/ia caeaaei?noue aeey aecia/aiiy
aaee/eie e?eoe/iiai cia/aiiy aeaooiaiai ?iioeueno ?oeioaaiiy ii??ae c
a?aooaaiiyi ?o iai?oaeieo aeanoeainoae ? oaeoi?a /ano. Ia iniia?
iaaeaooiaiai ?oei?aiiai caniao cai?iiiiiaaia aaeineiiaeaia caa?eea, ui
oaeaeei oaa?ae??. ?ic?iaeai? eiino?oeoe?? ca?yae?a oa niiniae
a?aeaeaaiiy a??nueeeo ii??ae, ui i?aeaeuothoue aoaeoeaiinoue ?o
?oeioaaiiy. Iaaaaeai? aeai? i?i aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?ae?a ia
ea?’??ao oa a oaooao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: aeaoo, ?iioeuen aeaooiaiai iaaaioaaeaiiy, eiino?oeoe??
ca?yae?a, caa?eea, iaaeaooiaee ?oei?aiee can?a, iiae??aiaiiy.

AIIIOAOeEss

Oeueyiia E.A. Iainiiaaiea iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe ?ac?ooaiey ai?iuo
ii?iae ac?uaii i?e eciaiaiee aeeeoaeueiinoe eiioeueniiai iaa?oaeaiey. —
?oeiienue

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.11 — «Oece/aneea i?ioeannu ai?iiai
i?iecaiaenoaa». — Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu,
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia aii?inai enneaaeiaaiey iiauoaiey yooaeoeaiinoe
?ac?ooaiey ai?iuo ii?iae e ?ac?aaioea niiniaia ioaieee, aace?othueony ia
eciaiaiee aeeeoaeueiinoe eiioeuena ac?uaiiai iaa?oaeaiey. A ?aaioa
iieo/aia aiaeeoe/aneay caaeneiinoue aeey ii?aaeaeaiey aaee/eiu
e?eoe/aneiai cia/aiey ac?uaiiai eiioeuena ?ac?ooaiey ii?iae,
ioee/athuayny o/aoii iaoi?oaeo naienoa iineaaeieo e oaeoi?a a?aiaie.
Onoaiiaeaii, /oi noaiaiue ?ac?ooaiey ii?iae, oa?aeoa?ecoaiay ?acaeoeai
i?aeiouanoaaiiie naoe o?auei i?e eiioeueniii iaa?oaeaiee caaeneo io
aeeeoaeueiinoe eiioeuena e naycaia aeia?aiee/aneie caaeneiinoueth ni
nei?inoueth ?ani?ino?aiaiey aieiu aicaeaenoaey; eeiaeiie caaeneiinoueth
— n aeeeiie acaeiiaeaenoaothueo aeaoaeoia-o?auei; ia?aaiee/aneie — ni
a?aiaiai aeaenoaey ac?uaa. I?aaeeiaeaia oniaa?oainoaiaaiiay
auno?ioaa?aeathuay caaieea ia iniiaa iaac?ua/aoiai ?ac?ooathuaai
n?aaenoaa (I?N) e onei?eoaey ?aaeoeee ioaa?aeaiey — aeoioeoa,
iicaieythuay nie?auaoue a?aiy a? caoaa?aeaaaiey aei 0.5- 0.6 /ana, a
oaeaea nicaeathuay ?anie?athuea oneeey aei 20 — 25 IIa e iaania/eaathuay
oaaee/aiea aeeeoaeueiinoe eiioeuena ac?uaiiai aicaeaenoaey ia
?ac?ooaaiua ii?iaeu aei 350- 400 ien. ?ac?aaioaiu eiino?oeoeee ca?yaeia
e niiniau ioaieee ai?iuo ii?iae, caueuaiiua iaoaioaie e aaoi?neeie
naeaeaoaeuenoaaie. I?eaaaeaiu aeaiiua eo i?iaa?ee e eniieueciaaiey ia
ea?uea?ao e a oaooao i?e eaia?iie aeiau/a e?oiiuo aeieia iiaecaiiui
niiniaii e aaaeaiee ao?iac?uaiuo ?aaio i?e i?iaaaeaiee niaaeiuo
au?aaioie a oaooa «Caiaaeii — Aeiiaanneay».

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ac?ua, eiioeuen ac?uaiiai iaa?oaeaiey, eiino?oeoeee
ca?yaeia, caaieea, iaac?ua/aoia ?ac?ooathuaa n?aaenoai, ae?iaeaiea.

SUMMARY

Igor V. Ulianov. Substantiation increase of efficiency of destruction
mountain breeds based on change of duration of a pulse explosive
intensity. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree technikal sciences speciality 05.15.
11»-« Physical processes of mining production». — The National Mining
Akademy of Ukraine, Dniepropetrovsk, 1999.

The Thesis is devoted to the research of increase of efficiency of
destruction of mountain breeds and development of ways of discharge,
basing on change of duration of a pulse explosive intensity. In the work
the analytical dependence for definition of size of critical importance
of an explosive pulse of destructive is received in view of their not
elastic properties and factor of time. Is offers advanced rapid-setting
charge on the basis of a not explosive destroying means. The designs of
charges and discharges of mountain breeds raising efficiency of their
destruction are developed. The data on use of results of researches in
quarries and in mines are given.

Key words: explosion, pulse explosive intensity, design of charges,
charge, not explosive destroying means, splitting.

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