IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

I?I?NOA?NOAI AOA?EUeII? I?IIENEIAINO?

A?AeAe?EAIIss O?CEEI-OAOI?*IEO A??IE*EO I?IAEAI

AeIIAOeUeEIAI O?CEEI-OAOI?*IIAI ?INOEOOOO ?i.I.I.AAEE?IA

A?iaeceinueeee Iao?i sseiae/

OAeE 622.834

IAA?OIOOAAIIss IA?AIAO??A OAOIIEIA?? OI?AAE?IIss IIE??AEATH I?IOssAEIEIE
IIAAIIIII?AIE O EAAAO AeOAEA OIIEEO E?OOEO IEANO?A

05.15.02 – I?aecaiia ?ic?iaea ?iaeiaeu ei?enieo eiiaeei

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aeiiaoeuee-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Aea?aeaaiiio i?aei?e?inoa? «Eiiieaeniee
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee oa i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeee ?inoeooo ?c i?iaeai
Oeaio?aeueiiai ?aeiio Aeiiaano» (AeiiIAe?) I?iaoaeai?iio Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?, aeaeai Aeiiaoeueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo

Aiiaea?aiei TH.A.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe:

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, caa?aeoth/ee eaoaae?ith Iaoe?iiaeueii? a??ie/i?
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee) Oe??i E.I.

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a c iaoee Aeiiaoeueeiai
iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiai aoa?eueiiai ?inoeoooo

Aeoaia ?.Ae.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — Aeiiaanueeee a??ie/i-iaoaeo?a?eiee ?inoeooo (i.
Ae/aanuee)

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny «27» eeiiy 1999 ?. i 12 aiaeei ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee E11.184.02 o A?aeae?eaii? o?ceei-oaoi?/ieo
a??ie/eo i?iaeai AeiiOO? IAIO ?i.I.I.Aaee?ia ca aae?anith: 340114,
aoe.?.Ethenaiao?a, 72.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? A?aeae?eaiiy OOAI
AeiiOO? IAIO ?i. I.I.Aaee?ia ca aae?anith: 340114, aoe. ?.Ethenaiao?a,
72.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii «19» /a?aiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? ?aaee, eaiae. oaoi. iaoe

?.?.I?oaeaiei

ANOOI

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeena?oaoe??. ?icaeoie a??ie/eo ?ia?o ia oaooao
Oeaio?aeueiiai ?aeiio Aeiiaano, yeee caaacia/o? ieaiii??io i?aeaioiaeo
i?iaeoeoeaieo i/enieo aeai?a, aecia/a? iaiao?aei?noue ia?oi/a?aiai?
a?ae?iaee iaeiiiooaeieo aoa?eueieo ieano?a. Ciaioaiiy ae?iaie/eo cao?ao
ia aeaeiaooie aoa?eey a oaeeo eaaao, ii?yae c ?ioeie aeo?aoaie, a oiiaao
?eieiai? aeiiii?ee ? iaeiei ?c ae??oaeueieo oaeoi??a caaacia/aiiy
aeioe?eueiino? aenieoaoaoe?? oaoo ?aeiio.

Cia/iee aieea ia ??aaiue nia?aa?oino? aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey /eiyoue
aeo?aoe, ui iia’ycai? c i?ioeanaie oi?aae?iiy a??ie/ei oeneii. O?eaaeee
aeina?ae ?icaeoeo oaoiieia?? i/enieo ?ia?o a oaeeo oiiaao na?ae/eoue i?i
oa, ui iiaeeeaino? aaeineiiaeaiiy o?aaeeoe?eieo cania?a oa niinia?a
oi?aae?iiy a??ie/ei oeneii, i?aeoe/ii, ae/a?iai?. Aino?a iaiao?aei?noue
iaoai?caoe?? oeeo i?ioean?a c iaoith i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? a?ae?iaee
aeoaea oiieeo e?ooeo ieano?a iaoiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue noai?aiiy
i?eioeeiiai iiaeo oaoiieia?e e??ieaiiy oa oi?aae?iiy iie??aeath.

Iaeiei ?c oeyo?a ae??oaiiy oe??? caaea/? ? ?ic?iaea oa ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
iiaaiaoe/ieo iaieiiie (iiaeooeiiiae?aieo oa i?ioyaeieo), ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny ye iano/? aeaiaioe a eiino?oeoe?yo oaooiiai
e??ieaiiy. Iiaeeea?noue noai?aiiy ia aac? i?ioyaeieo iiaaiaoe/ieo iii??a
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo iaoai?ciaaieo eiiieaen?a aeey a?ae?iaee aeoaea
oiieeo e?ooeo ieano?a i?aeoaa?aeaeaia i?aeoe/ieie aeine?aeaeaiiyie
AeiiIAe? oa AeiiAOA?. Iaeiae oaoiieia?y canoinoaaiiy oaeeo eiino?oeoe?e
aei oaia??oiueiai /ano iaoeiai ia iaa?oioiaaia.

Oae ye oey ?iaioa ni?yiiaaia ia ae??oaiiy caaea/? iaa?oiooaaiiy
ia?aiao??a ??cieo aa??aio?a oaoiieia?? oi?aae?iiy iie??aeath i?ioyaeieie
iiaaiiiii?aie, oi ?? oaia oyaey?oueny aeooaeueiith.

Ca’ycie oaie aeena?oaoe?? c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeieo ?ia?o ?inoeoooo.
?iaioa ? neeaaeiaith /anoeiith aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aeeiiai? AeiiIAe? c
?ic?iaee aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo oa aacia/ieo oaoiieia?e i/enieo ?ia?o o
eaaao aeoaea oiieeo e?ooeo ieano?a (?? aea?ae?a?no?aoe?? 2203213000 oa
2292109730).

Iaoith ?iaioe ? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/ieo
noai oi?aae?iiy a??ie/ei oeneii a eaaao aeoaea oiieeo e?ooeo ieano?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi e??ieaiiy i?ioyaeieie iiaaiaoe/ieie iii?aie.

?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? o anoaiiaeaii? caeaaeiinoae aoaeoeaiino? oi?aae?iiy
a??ie/ei oeneii a i/eniiio aeai? a?ae neeiaeo ia?aiao??a oa i?inoi?iaiai
?ici?uaiiy iiaaiie??ieaiiy o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi?? ? aeei?enoaii? oeeo
caeaaeiinoae aeey iaoeiaiai iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?/ieo noai
canoinoaaiiy i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Iaoiaee/iith iniiaith aeena?oaoe?? ? eiiieaeniee
iaoiae aeine?aeaeaiue, yeee i?noeoue: iaoeiaa ocaaaeueiaiiy oa aiae?c
oaoi?ei-oaoiieia?/iiai aeina?aeo a?ae?iaee aeoaea oiieeo e?ooeo
aoa?eueieo ieano?a; aiae?oe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy, noaiaeia? oa oaooi?
aei?iaoaaiiy i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a aeey oi?aae?iiy a??ie/ei oeneii a
i/enieo aeaiyo; aea/aiiy aaiiaoai?/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa o?ce/ieo
i?ioean?a i?iyao a??ie/iai oeneo a eaaao aeoaea oiieeo e?ooeo ieano?a c
canoinoaaiiyi e??ieaiiy i?ioyaeieie iiaaiaoe/ieie iii?aie, a oiio /ene?
c caeeaaeeith (nooith aai a?ae?aae?/iith) ae?iaeaiiai i?inoi?o.

Iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy, ye? aeianaii ia caoeno, ?o iiaecia:

Aia?oa io?eiai? caeaaeiino? ci?uaiiy aieiaeo ii??ae a i/enieo aeaiyo
e?ooeo aoa?eueieo ieano?a a?ae neeiaeo oa aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a i?e
aeei?enoaii? ye e??ieaiiy i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a.

Aia?oa io?eiai? ?iciiae?e oeneo caeeaaeiiai iaoa??aeo ia aieiao
iiaa?oith i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a ocaeiaae i/eniiai aeaith oa aaniethoi?
cia/aiiy oeneo a caeaaeiino? a?ae iniiaieo aieeaath/eo oaeoi??a –
iiooaeiino? oa eooa iaae?iiy ieanoa.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino? cia/aiue oyaiaeo coneeue a?ae iniiaieo
aieeaath/eo oaeoi??a (aeiaaeeia ?yae?a iiaaiiiii??a, eoo iaae?iiy
ieanoa, iaoee i/eniiai aeaith).

Iaa?oioiaai?noue ? a??ia?aei?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny ?acoeueoaoaie i?iaaaeaiiy aeinoaoiuei
i?aaenoaaieoeueeeo ?ino?oiaioaeueieo niinoa?aaeaiue ca ci?uaiiyie
eiioo?o oi?uoth/eo ii??ae, ci?iaie coneeue o oyaiaeo i?aaiao i?e
ia?aonoaiiaeaii? i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a; ?acoeueoaoaie oaooieo
aei?iaoaaiue ?ic?iaeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo ??oaiue c canoinoaaiiy
i?ioyaeiiai iiaaiie??ieaiiy, ye? aoee i?iaaaeai? o iaiao?aeiiio ia’?i?;
ei?aeoiei aeei?enoaiiyi ai?iaiaaieo oa iaae?eieo iaoiae?a
aeine?aeaeaiue; caeo/aiiyi aei aiae?co oa ia?iaee i?aaenoaaieoeueeeo
ianea?a ?ioi?iaoe??; aeinoaoi?i ca?aii ?acoeueoao?a aiae?oe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, eaai?aoi?ieo oa oaooieo aenia?eiaio?a (?ica?a ia
ia?aaa?oo? 18-28%).

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy ?iaioe i?noeoueny o caaeeaeaii? ciaiiy iniaeeainoae
aaiiaoai?/ieo i?ioean?a a ianea? a?ey aeaith i?e aeei?enoaii? aeey
oi?aae?iiy a??ie/ei oeneii iao?aaeeoe?eiiai e??ieaiiy i?ioyaeieie
iiaaiiiii?aie. Aia?oa aecia/ai? oa?aeoa? oa aaniethoi? ci?uaiiy
oi?uoth/eo ii??ae a i/enieo aeaiyo e?ooeo ieano?a ? anoaiiaeaia
i?eioeeiiaa iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy oeueiai e??ieaiiy. Oaeiae aia?oa
aecia/ai? aaniethoi? cia/aiiy oyaiaeo coneeue ia?aonoaiiaeaiiy
i?ioyaeiiai iiaaiie??ieaiiy oa e?euee?ni? caeaaeiino? cia/aiue oeeo
coneeue a?ae oiia ?o canoinoaaiiy.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiy ?iaioe i?noeoueny o ?ic?iaoe? aoaeoeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo
noai oi?aae?iiy a??ie/ei oeneii a eaaao aeoaea oiieeo e?ooeo ieano?a c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a ye i?aeo?eioth/iai e??ieaiiy, a
oaeiae iaoai?ciaaiiai iai?iaeaeaiiy a?ae?icaeeaaeiiai ianeao.

?ic?iaeai? oaoiieia?/i? i?eioeeie a?aeoai?thaaiiy i?aeii?o oi?uoth/eo
aieiaeo ii??ae i?ioyaeieie iiaaiiiii?aie a i?ioean? iinoaaiiy i/eniiai
aeaith oeyoii ?o ia?aonoaiiaeaiiy aeeae/a aei aeaith c aeeo/aiiyi c eaae
aai /a?ac ?aae?caoe?th o?iioaeueii? noaie ia?anoaaiiy.

Cai?iiiiiaaii i?eioeei ?aae?caoe?? o?iioaeueii? noaie
aac?icaaioaaeoth/iai ia?anoaaiiy iai?iaeaeaiiy c i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a
c aeei?enoaiiyi niaoe?aeueiiai eiioo?iiai ia?anoaa/a.

?aae?caoe?y aeniiae?a oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa
?acoeueoaoe aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue oa?eoee a aeiiiaiaiiy aei
“Oaoi?/iiai caaaeaiiy ia noai?aiiy cania?a oa oaoiieia?? a?ae?iaee
aeoaea oiieeo e?ooeo ieano?a ia aac? aeiaaii??ieo iiaaiaoe/ieo iaieiiie
(eiiieaen EII)”.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe iaaiai?thaaeenue oa
io?eiaee noaaeaiiy ia: iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Ia/enethaaiee
aenia?eiaio oa eiai canoinoaaiiy a aeine?aeaeaiiyo i?e ?ic?iaoe?
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo oa aeieia?/ii /enoeo oaoiieia?e aeaeiaooeo aoa?eey”
(Iineaa, 1989); i?ae?aa?iiaeuei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I’ye?
iaieiiee a ia?iaeiiio ainiiaea?noa?” (E?aniiaea?, 1990);
iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Noai oa ia?niaeoeae canoinoaaiiy i’yeeo
iaieiiie ia i?aecaiieo a??ie/eo ?iaioao” (Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1991).

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa ie?ai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe aeiiia?aeaeenue oa
iaaiai?thaaeenue ia iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo ?aaeao AI “A?oaiaoa?eey” oa
“I?aeaeii?e?aecaaoa?eey”, AeiiIAe?, a/aieo ?aaeao AOOAI AeiiOO? IAIO,
?III IAIO (1990-1998 ?.?.).

Ioae?eaoe??. Ci?no ?iaioe, ?? iniiai? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe
iioae?eiaai? o 5 ae?oea?nueeeo ?iaioao. C oaie ?iaioe io?eiaii 3
aaoi?nueeeo na?aeioeoaa.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 5
?icae?e?a, aeniiaeo, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ?c 61 iaeiaioaaiue oa i?noeoue:
120 noi??iie iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, a o./. 36 ?enoie?a, 16 oaaeeoeue.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE.

I?iaeai? oi?aae?iiy a??ie/ei oeneii a i/enieo aeaiyo a neeaaeieo
a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo oiiaao caeyaaiiy e?ooeo ieano?a i?enay/ai?
ooiaeaiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy A.O.Aeaaeaeyioey, ?.O.?aaiiaa,
I.I.Oaiiaaea, A.?.AEoeiaa, ?.A.?iaeueyiiaa, I.A.Eieieieiaa,
Ae.A.Aei?ioiaa, E.O.Naieoeueeiai oa ?io. A ?iaioao oeeo a/aieo noai?ai?
oai?aoe/i? iniiae niinia?a oa cania?a oi?aae?iiy iie??aeath o aeacaieo
oiiaao. Iaeiei ?c ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a o ae??oaii? ieoaiue oi?aae?iiy
a??ie/ei oeneii ? canoinoaaiiy i`yeeo iaieiiie.

Iaa?oiooaaiith ia?aiao??a canoiniaaieo cania?a oa niinia?a oi?aae?iiy
iie??aeath a eaaao e?ooeo ieano?a c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaaiaoe/iiai
e??ieaiiy i?enay/ai? ?iaioe ss.A.Iae?anianueeiai, A.ss.Noaiaiiae/a,
A.A.Ia/a?aiea, I.I.I?eieaiea, I.A.?icaioaey, A.?.?eue?ia, TH.A.E?oa?iiaa
oa ?io. A ?acoeueoao? aenia?eiaioaeueieo eaai?aoi?ieo oa aiae?oe/ieo
aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? aeeiiai? oeeie a/aieie, ?ic?iaeai? ia?aiao?e
(neeia?, eiino?oeoeai?) iiaaiie??ieaiiy, ui caaacia/othoue aenieee
??aaiue aaeaioaoe?? aei neeaaeieo oiia caeyaaiiy e?ooeo ieano?a. Iaeiae,
ieoaiiyi niaoeeo?ee aeei?enoaiiy ye e??ieaiiy oa iai?iaeaeaiiy
i?ioyaeieie iiaaiiiii?aie i?eae?eaii iaaeinoaoith oaaao. Oiio i?iaeaie,
ye? ?icaeyioo? a aeena?oaoe??, ? aeoaea aeooaeueieie.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaiae?ciaai? caniae oi?aae?iiy a??ie/ei oeneii a
eaaao aeoaea oiieeo e?ooeo ieano?a oa noi?ioeueiaai? ia?aaeoiiae
noai?aiiy aoaeoeaii? oaoiieia?? i/enieo ?ia?o ia iniia? canoinoaaiiy
iiaaiie??ieaiiy i?ioyaeieie iiaaiiiii?aie.

A ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, a oaeiae oaooii? ia?aa??ee
i?eioeei?a canoinoaaiiy i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a ye e??ieaiiy oa
iai?iaeaeaiiy, iaie o ae?oaiio ?icae?e? noi?ioeueiaai? ianooii? aa??aioe
oaoiieia??:

e??ieaiiy i?ioyaeieie iiaaiiiii?aie o eiiieaeo? c aea?aa’yieie noiyeaie;

e??ieaiiy i?ioyaeieie iiaaiiiii?aie o eiiieaeo? c iaoaeaaeie noiyeaie;

e??ieaiiy i?ioyaeieie iiaaiiiii?aie aeey ?aae?caoe?? oaoiieia?? ae?iee
aac iino?eii? i?enooiino? ethaeeie o eaa?;

canoinoaaiiy i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a ye iai?iaeaeaiiy i?e
a?ae?icaeeaaeieo ?iaioao.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oeeo ?iaeaia?ieo ??oaiue cai?iiiiiaaiee aa??aio
oi?aae?iiy iie??aeath, oaoiieia?/ia nooue yeiai i?noeoueny o
?icoaooaaii? niaoe?aeueiiai e??ieaiiy niiniaii oii?yaeeiaaiiai
iine?aeiaiiai iioneaiiy naeoe?e i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a i?ae ?yaeaie
aea?aa’yiiai e??ieaiiy (?en. 1).

?en. 1. Oaoiieia?/ia noaia aeei?enoaiiy i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a o
eiiieaeo? c aea?aa’yiei i?eaea?eiei e??ieaiiyi:

a) aeo?aeia iieiaeaiiy; a) aeoya ?yaeo iiaaiiiii??a; a) iiioaae ?yaeo
iiaaiiiii??a

O aeo?aei?e iiceoe?? a eaao iiouaii o?e ?yaee i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a 1
(?en. 1). I?ney ae?iee aoa?eey eiiaaeiii ia oe?eio 1,8-2,7 i e?aei?e, ui
c aieo ae?iaeaiiai i?inoi?o, ?yae iiaaiiiii??a aeeo/a?oueny eaa?aeeith 2
ia aaioeeyoe?eiee oo?ae. Iio?i iaiaa?iaith eaa?aeeith oe? iiaaiiiii?e
iioneathoueny a eaao oa ?icoaoiaothoueny i?ae aeai?i ? ?ai?o
anoaiiaeaiei ?yaeii. Oaeei /eiii, a i?ioean? iinoaaiiy aeaith,
niaoe?aeueia e??ieaiiy ia?a?icoaoiao?oueny c caa?aaeaiiyi iino?eii?
a?aenoai? a?ae iueiai aei aeaith.

Ioeueo oi?aae?iiy i?aeo?eio? a iaieiieao iaiao?aeiee oene iia?o?y ia
aanue ia??iae ciaoiaeaeaiiy ?o o eaa?.

Aeaiiioaae ?yaeo iiaaiie??ieaiiy c eaae (aeeo/a?oueny ia aaioeeyoe?eiee
oo?ae) a?aeaoaa?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith eaa?aeee oa niaoe?aeueii?
iiioaaeii? noaioe??.

Aiae?c oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a oi?aae?iiy a??ie/ei oeneii iieaco?, ui
o?eaae?noue aeeo/aiiy iiaaiie??ieaiiy c eaae ia ia?aaa?oo? /an ae?iee
aoa?eey eiiaaeiii, ui iaaea? iiaeeea?noue noi?niino? oeeo iia?aoe?e.
Iioneaiiy e??ieaiiy a eaao oaeiae noi?nia c iioneaiiyi eiiaaeia. Oaeei
/eiii, aeey aeeiiaiiy ia?aiiioaaeieo ?ia?o ia iio?aao?oueny ie?aia ci?ia

Aeey caiia?aaiiy iioeiaeaeaiith iaieiiie caeeaaeiei iaoa??aeii
ia?aaeaa/a?oueny iiaoaeiaa iai?iaeaeaiiy o aeaeyae? aai cae/aeii?
a?aeoeaee aai n?o/aoi? iaieiiee, yea caiiaith?oueny o eaa? iiae??aeaiith
ii?iaeith. Iaieiiea iionea?oueny a eaao i?ae aeaniith aaaith. Aeey
caaacia/aiiy a?eueo iaae?eiiai ia?ai?uaiiy ieaeith /anoeio iaieiiee
caiiaiththoue ii?iaeith aaaith 0,2-0,3 o.

I?e ?ic?iaoe? oaoiieia?/iiai i?eioeeio canoinoaaiiy iiaaiie??ieaiiy c
i?ioyaeieie iiaaiiiii?aie o eiiieaeo? c iaoaeaaei ?iaeea?aeoaeueiei
e??ieaiiyi iaie o?aoiaoaaeanue a?aenooi?noue o ae?iaeaiiio i?inoi??
noiye?a i?eaea?eiiai e??ieaiiy ia iiiaio ia?anoaaiiy iiaaiiiii??a. Oey
ianoaaeia aeicaieeea cai?iiiioaaoe o?iioaeueio noaio ia?anoaaiiy ?yae?a
iiaaiie??ieaiiy. Eiai iano/? ?yaee, yeeo iiaeiii aooe ia iaioa aeaio,
i?e oeueiio iino?eii ciaoiaeyoueny o eaa?. O?iioaeueia ia?anoaaiiy
cae?enith?oueny i?ae ae??th iioeei? neeaaeiai? neee aaae iaieiiie
aiane?aeie ae?aaiiaeueiiai ?icoaooaaiiy aeaith.

I?ney ia?aiino caaaeaiiai ?yaeo i?eaea?eiiai e??ieaiiy aei aeaith i?ae
iei oa aeeaei?i ?yaeii iiaaiiiii??a ooai?th?oueny a?eueiee i?ino??.
Iaieiiee ia?oiai a?ae aeaith ?yaeo iii??a ?icaaioaaeothoueny ? a
i?ioean? ao?aoe eiioaeoo c iie??aeath ca ?aooiie iane e??ieaiiy oa
iaoeeo e?i?? i/eniiai aeaith aiie ia?ai?uothoueny o a?e aeaith aei iii?o
a caaaeueiee ?yae iaoaeaaeo noiye?a.

A i?ioean? ia?anoaaiiy c oaei? noaie a?aeaoaa?oueny iioneaiiy ?yaeo ia
1,0-1,5 i, oiio aei ii/aoeo /a?aiaiai caaaioaaeaiiy aanue ?yae iii??a
i?aei?ia?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith eaa?aeee ia oeth aaee/eio.

Aeey ?iaioe ia aeeeaeiiaaacia/ieo ieanoao ?ic?iaeaia oaoiieia?y i/enieo
?ia?o aac i?enooiino? ?ia?oiee?a o aeai? oa ioi?iie oaoiieia?/iiai
i?inoi?o eaae iiaaiaoe/iei e??ieaiiyi. Ia?anoaaiiy iiaaiaoe/iiai
e??ieaiiy, yea oyaey? niaith iine?aeiaii niieo/ai? i?ioyaei?
iiaaiiiii?e, cae?enith?oueny aeaiia niiniaaie – ca o?iioaeueiith noaiith
oa ia?anoaaiiyi c aeeo/aiiyi ?yae?a iiaaiiiii??a ia aaioeeyoe?eiee
oo?ae.

Aeey caaacia/aiiy i?ii?aeeo i?ae aeai?i oa ia?oei iano/ei ?yaeii
i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy niaoe?aeueiiai
iiioaaeiiai ?yaeo c iiaaiiiaieiiie. ?icoaooaaiiy iiioaaeiiai ?yaeo o
eaa? cae?enith?oueny i?e iioneaii? eiiaaeia.

Iioneaiiy iano/eo ?yae?a iiaaiie??ieaiiy (i?e o?iioaeuei?e noai?
ia?anoaaiiy oey iia?aoe?y cae?enith?oueny iaeei ?ac i?e iiioaae?
e??ieaiiy a eaa?, a i?e noai? c aeeo/aiiyi ia aaioeeyoe?eiee oo?ae a
eiaeiiio oeeee? ia?anoaaiiy e??ieaiiy) aeeiio?oueny iaeii/anii c
iiioaaeiei ?yaeii aai i?ney eiai onoaiiaeaiiy.

I?e ?icae?eueiiio ca /anii iiioaae? iioneaiiy iiioaaeiiai ?yaeo
cae?enith?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith eiiaaeia, ye ? a ia?oiio aeiaaeeo, a
onoaiiaeaiiy iano/eo ?yae?a iiaea aooe ca aeaiia aa??aioaie.

A ia?oiio aa??aio? aeei?enoiao?oueny iaaiaeiee ?ieee, ui
anoaiiaeth?oueny ia eiiaaei?. I?e iioneaii? eiiaaeia /a?ac iueiai
i?iioneathoue iiioaaeiee eaiao, iaeei e?iaoeue yeiai cae??ieaiee ia
aaioeeyoe?eiiio oo?ae?, a ae?oaee – ia aa?aaai? iaiaa?iai? eaa?aeee.

I?ney iioneaiiy eiiaaeia a ieaeith /anoeio eaae oa caiiaiaiiy
iiioaaeiiai ?yaeo noeniaiei iia?o?yi ii/eia?oueny onoaiiaeaiiy iano/iai
?yaeo. Aeey oeueiai e?iaoeue iiioaaeiiai eaiaoo cae??ieth?oueny aei
ia?oi? iaieiiee. Eaiaoii, ui iaiioo?oueny ia aa?aaai, /a?ac iaaiaeiee
?ieee ca aeiiiiiaith eaa?aeee ia?ai?uo?oueny aanue ?yae iiaaiie??ieaiiy
iiioaaeiiai ?yaeo. Aeey caiia?aaiiy naiiaeia?eueiiai iaae?iiy iaieiiie a
eaao (i?ney oiai, ye 50% iaieiiie aaea iiouai?) aei inoaiiuei? iaieiiee
cae??ieth?oueny caiia?aeiee eaiao a?ae eaa?aeee 1EAEII2.

I?ney iioneaiiy iano/iai ?yaea cae?enith?oueny eiai caiiaiaiiy noeniaiei
iia?o?yi, a iiioaaeiee ?yae aeeo/a?oueny ia aaioeeyoe?eiee oo?ae.

Aa??aio oaoiieia?/ii? noaie c iioneaiiyi iano/iai ?yaeo i?ae ae??th
iioeei? neeaaeiai? neee aaae a?ae??ciy?oueny a?ae iiia?aaeiueiai oei, ui
coneeey aeey ia?ai?uaiiy ocaeiaae eaae ?yaeo e??ieaiiy oi?io?oueny oa
aecia/a?oueny ia oyaiaith eaa?aeeith, a ca ?aooiie i?enooiino? a ia?o?e
iaieiioe? aaioaaea icia/aii? aaee/eie. O aeai?e noai? ia?aaeaa/a?oueny
aeei?enoaiiy aeey oe??? iaoe niiniao, yeee ?ic?iaeaiee i?e o/ano? aaoi?a
ia ??ai? aeiaoiaeo (iiceoeaia ??oaiiy ? 4931226/03 a?ae 03.01.92 a.).

Cai?iiiiiaai? oaoi?/i? oa oaoiieia?/i? ??oaiiy ?ai?oa ia aoee a?aeii?
a??ie/?e i?aeoeoe?. Aeey aeyaeaiiy iiaeeeainoae ?o i?iieneiai?
?aae?caoe?? a o?aoueiio ?icae?e? aeeiiaii aiae?oe/ia iaa?oiooaaiiy
neeiaeo ia?aiao??a i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a oa eaai?aoi?ia ia?aa??ea ?o
i?aoeacaeaoiino? ye iai?iaeaeaiiy i?e caeeaaei/ieo ?iaioao.

I?e oeueiio aecia/aeenue:

iaiao?aei? oa aeinoaoi? cia/aiiy iano/i? caeaoiino? iiaaiiiii??a aeey
caiia?aaiiy iaaaeaiiyi iie??ae? o i?eaea?eiiio i?inoi??;

iaiao?aei? oa aeinoaoi? cia/aiiy iaaei??iiai oeneo o iiaaiiiii?ao, ye?
aeei?enoiaothoueny ye iai?iaeaeaiiy i?e i?iaaaeaii? a?ae?icaeeaaeieo
?ia?o.

Aeey aecia/aiiy oa?aeoa?o ?iciiae?eo iai?oaeaiue a iie??ae? ieanoa i?e
aeei?enoaii? cai?iiiiiaaieo oaoi?/ieo ??oaiue a ?iaio? aeeiiai?
eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaeii iioe/iiai iiaeaethaaiiy.
Iiaeaethaaeanue i?eaea?eia /anoeia ae?iaeaiiai i?inoi?o c onoaiiaeaieie
?yaeaie iiaaiie??ieaiiy. Aeine?aeaeoaaany aieea ia iai?oaeaiiy a
iie??ae? oe?eie i?eaea?eiiai i?inoi?o, oaa?aeino? iiaaiie??ieaiiy,
aaee/eie ieiu? eiioaeoo iiaaiie??ieaiiy c iie??aeath oa e?ieo caeeaaeee
ae?iaeaiiai i?inoi?o. Oe?eia i?eaea?eiiai i?inoi?o ci?ithaaeanue a?ae
1,2 aei 4,8 i, ui iaoiiaethaaeinue ia?aiao?aie iiaaiie??ieaiiy oa
aeeiaeueieo iaoai?ci?a.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue iieaco?, ui o aeiaaeeo, eiee a
iie??ae? caeyaathoue ii?iaee c aeanoeainoyie aeecueeeie aei i?neiaee?a,
c oiaueiith oa?o a?ey 2,0 i, ca?eueoaiiy oe?eie i?eaea?eiiai i?inoi?o
i?eaiaea aei c?inoaiiy iai?oaeaiiue iaae e?iieith i/eniiai aeaith ia
a?eueoa, /ei ia 30-35% (?en. 2 a).

?ioa ea?oeia niinoa??aa?oueny i?e oiauei? oa?o iie??ae? ??aii? 0,5 i. A
oeueiio aeiaaeeo i?e ci?i? oeo aea ia?aiao??a iai?oaeaiiy a iueiio
ca?eueoothoueny aaeai? ? iiaeooue aeinyaoe e?eoe/ieo cia/aiue. Oiaoi, o
aeiaaeeao, eiee oiaueia oa?o aaciina?aaeiuei? iie??ae? iaioa 1,0 i i?e
oe?ei? i?eaea?eiiai i?inoi?o a?eueoa 3,0 i eiia??i?noue iaaaeaiiy
nooo?ai ca?eueoo?oueny.

a) a)

a) a)

?en. 2. Caeaaeiino? aeioe/ieo iai?oaeaiue o iie??ae? a?ae oaoiieia?/ieo
ia?aiao??a, ye? io?eiai? ia iiaeaeyo.

oiaueia oa?o aaciina?aaeiuei? iie??ae? 0,5 i,

oiaueia oa?o aaciina?aaeiuei? iie??ae? 2,0 i.

I?e oiauei? oa?o aaciina?aaeiuei? iie??ae? 2,0 i ? a?eueoa ca?eueoaiiy
oe?eie iiaaiie??ieaiiy iacia/ii ciaioo? iai?oaeaiiy a e?eoe/i?e oi/oe?
iaae aeai?i (?en. 2, a).

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiue aeicaieea iai c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i
aeioe?euei?noue ca?eueoaiiy oe?eie iiaaiie??ieaiiy a eaaao, aea oiaueia
oa?o aaciina?aaeiuei? iie??ae? 2,0 i ? a?eueoa. I?e oiauei? oa?o iaioa
0,5 i oe?eio iiaaiiiii??a iiaeeeai aaaaeaoe iaeiei ?c aecia/ath/eo
oaeoi??a i?aoeacaeaoiino? oaoiieia?/ii? noaie a?aeiinii oiia
caaacia/aiiy no?eeino? iie??ae?. I?e oeueiio iii?a, yea iaea i`yeee oa
u?eueiee eiioaeo c ii?iaeaie, ia noai?th? iaaacia/ieo eiioeaio?aoe?e o
ieo.

Ca?eueoaiiy oeneo o iiaaiiiii?ao oaeiae, ye ? ca?eueoaiiy ieiu? ?o
eiioaeoo c aieiaeie ii?iaeaie, i?yii i?iii?oe?iiaeueia coneeeth ?icii?o.
Ca?eueoaiiy oeneo a iaieiieao iaa?oue aei 0,6 IIa iaeaea ia aieeaa? ia
??aaiue iai?oaeaiue iaae e?iieith ieanoa i?e oiauei? oa?o
aaciina?aaeiuei? iie??ae? 2,0 i, ? a?eueoa (?en. 2, a).

I?e oiauei? oa?o 0,5 i ci?io iai?oaeaiue a ii?iaeao iie??ae? iii?oii
aaea i?e iaaei??iiio oeneo ?=0,05 IIa. Iai?oaeaiiy ciaioothoueny a?eueoa
/ei a 2 ?ace, eiee oene noeniaiiai iia?o?y o iiaaiiiii?ao aeinyaa? 0,4
IIa (?en. 2, a).

sse iieaco? aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy, aieea e?ieo caeeaaeee
ae?iaeaiiai i?inoi?o ia aaee/eio iai?oaeaiue iaae e?iieith ieanoa i?e
oiauei? oa?o ii?iaee iie??ae? aei 0,5 i iacia/iee. I?e oianoeo oa?ao
aaciina?aaeiuei? iie??ae? aieea a?aenoai? caeeaaeiaiai ianeao a?ae e?i??
aeaith i?iyaey?oueny a?eueo nooo?ai – c?inoaiiy iai?oaeaiue o iie??ae?
i?iii?oe?iiaeueia ca?eueoaiith e?ieo caeeaaeee (?en. 2, a).

Oea iia’ycaii c oei, ui a ?iai/iio i?inoi?? eaae, aea aaciina?aaeiy
iie??aey oyaey? niaith oa? ii?iaee oiaueiith aei 0,5 i, iano/i?
cae?aiino? i?eaea?eiiai e??ieaiiy aeinoaoiuei aeey ?? i?aeo?eiaiiy ia
ae?eueieoe? a?ae aeaith aei caeeaaeiiai ianeao. I?e oiauei? oa?o
iie??ae? 2,0 i oa a?eueoa iai?oaeaiiy, ui c`yaeythoueny a i?e, aaea
iaioa caeaaeaoue a?ae a?aenoai? i?ae aeai?i oa caeeaaeiei ianeaii (?en.
2, a).

Oaeei /eiii, a ?acoeueoao? iiaeaethaaiiy iaoai?/ieo i?ioean?a o
i?eaea?ei?e /anoei? ianeao iaie anoaiiaeaii, ui oaoi?/ii oa oaoiieia?/ii
aeinyaa?i? ia?aiao?e oaoiieia?e ?c canoinoaaiiyi e??ieaiiy c i?ioyaeieie
iiaaiiiii?aie caaacia/othoue iaae?eia oi?aae?iiy a??ie/ei oeneii a
i/enieo aeaiyo, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo? i?aaeeuei?noue i?eeiyoeo oaoiieia?/ieo
??oaiue.

Aeey iiia?aaeiuei? ioe?iee iiaeeeaino? noai?aiiy ia aac? i?ioyaeieo
iiaaiiiii??a iai?iaeaeaiue, ye? caeaoi? ia?aoeiaeeoe aieiaei
iaaaioaaeaiiyi c aieo caeeaaeiiai ianeao, i?iaaaeai? iiaiiianooaai?
noaiaeia? aeine?aeaeaiiy. A i?ioean? ?o i?iaaaeaiiy ae??ooaaeenue
ianooii? caaea/?: aecia/aiiy caeaaeiino? cniaoth/i? iiaaiiiii?o neee
a?ae oeneo iia?o?y a i?e; aecia/aiiy eiao?oe??ioa oa?oy iaoa??aeo
iiaaiiiii?e ia aieia? ii?iaee; anoaiiaeaiiy oaoi?/ii? iiaeeeaino?
caaacia/aiiy a oaooieo oiiaao aieiai? no?eeino? iiaaiiiii?e, yea
aeinoaoiy aeey oo?eiaiiy a?ae?icaeeaaeiiai ianeao.

Aeey ?i?oaoe?? eaae aeei?enoiaoaaany iiai?ioiee noaiae Aeii IAe?.

Cniaoth/a neea aecia/aeanue a caeaaeiino? a?ae oeneo iia?o?y o na?aaeei?
iaieiiie. A ?aaeueieo oiiaao oene iia?o?y a oaooieo iaa?no?aeyo neeaaea?
0,3-0,4 IIa, i?e oeueiio ii?? iaieiiie cnoaiei coneeeyi aoaea ia iaioa
90-110 eI/i.

?ic?aooiie cia/aiue oeeo coneeue noiniaii aei eiie?aoieo oiia
i?iaaaeaiiy aei?iaoaaiue (eaaa ieanoa k22 ae?eueieoey 134 ai?. 790 i
oaooe “*a?aiiee AEiaoaiue” AI “I?aeaeii?e?aecaaoa?eey”) iieaco?, ui aiie
neeaaeathoue 28-35 eI ia 1 i iai?iaeaeaiiy. C?noaaeaiiyi oeeo cia/aiue c
io?eiaieie ?acoeueoaoaie a ?acoeueoao? aiae?oe/ieo ?ic?aooie?a oa
noaiaeiaeo aei?iaoaaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui i?ioyaei? iiaaiiiii?e caeaoi?
aeo?eiaoe iaaaioaaeaiiy c aieo a?ae?icaeeaaeiiai ianeao aac ao?aoe
no?eeino? iaeaea c iio??eiei eiao?oe??ioii caiano.

Oaeei /eiii, a ?acoeueoao? noaiaeiaeo aei?iaoaaiue anoaiiaeaia oaoi?/ia
iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a ye iai?iaeaeaiue
a?ae?icaeeaaeieo ianea?a. Iaeneiaeuei? cnoai? coneeey c aieo
a?ae?icaeeaaeiiai ianeao ia ia?aaa?oothoue 35-50% coneeue aieiaiai iii?o
?icia?oeo i?ae iie??aeath oa i?aeioaith iiaaiiiii??a.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? aeena?oaoe?? iaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe oaooii? ia?aa??ee
aeine?aeaeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo noai.

Aei?iaoaaiiy oaoiieia?? canoinoaaiiy i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a aac
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?eaea?eiiai e??ieaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue o eaa? ieanoa l5
ae?eueieoey ?72 ai?. 320 i oaooe “*a?aiiee AEiaoaiue”. Ca /an
aei?iaoaaiue iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith ca aa??aioii aac iino?eii?
i?enooiino? ethaeae o eaa? neeaei 17,0 i. I?e oeueiio aeaeiaooi 1056 o
aoa?eey. I?iaeoeoeai?noue i?aoe? ?ia?oiee?a o i?yiie?i?ei?e /anoei?
aeaith neeaea 4,0 o ia aeo?ae.

Iaei??th c iniiaieo ie?aieo caaea/ oaooieo aeine?aeaeaiue aoea ia?aa??ea
iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a ye e??ieaiiy
i?aeo?eioth/iai oeio. Anoaiiaeaii, ui coneeey, yea ?icaeaa?oueny o
iiaaiiiii?ao i?e iaaei??iiio oeneo 0,2-0,4 IIa oa i?e iayaiino? o ?iaio?
aeaio ?o ?yae?a, aeinoaoiuei aeey i?aeo?eiaiiy ieaei?o oa??a
aaciina?aaeiuei? iie??ae?.

Ca ia??iae oaooieo aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aa??ai? aeaa aa??aioe oaoiieia??
aac iino?eii? i?enooiino? ethaeeie o eaa? – c o?iioaeueiith noaiith
ia?anoaaiiy i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a oa c ia?anoaaeaiiyi niiniaii
aeeo/aiiy ?yae?a iiaaiiiii??a ia aaioeeyoe?eiee oo?ae.
Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/iee aiae?c oa ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a i?iaaaeaieo
o?iiiiao?aaeieo niinoa?aaeaiue iieacothoue, ui cao?aoe /ano ia iaeei
oeeee i?e ae?oaiio aa??aio? ia 15-17% a?eueoa, /ei i?e ?aae?caoe??
o?iioaeueii? noaie ia?anoaaiiy iiaaiie??ieaiiy.

Iaeiei c iniiaieo ia?aiao??a iiai? oaoiieia?? ? cia/aiiy coneeue, ui
aeieeathoue o oyaiaeo i?aaiao i?e onoaiiaoe? a eaa? oa aeeo/aii? c ia?
i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a. Oaooiee aenia?eiaio i?iaiaeeany o eaa? ieanoa
l5 ia ae?eueieoe? ?72-a?n ai?.320 i oaooe “*a?aiiee AEiaoaiue”.
Aei??thaaiiy i?iaiaeeeenue ca aeiiiiiaith oaiciiao?e/iiai ?ieeeiaiai
aeeiaiiiao?a oa ?ne?iaacia/iiai iaai?oia?aoa c aeaea?aeii aeeaeaiiy
OCI-1. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iieacaee, ui coneeey, ye? ?icaeaathoueny oyaiaei
i?aaiii i?e aeeo/aii? i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a c eaae, ia ia?aaa?oothoue
40 eI. Oea a 2,5-3,0 ?ace iaioa coneeue, ye? ?oeiothoue ea?ean
i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a oa c’?aeiaiiy i?ae ieie.

A oe?e aea eaa? i?iaiaeeeenue ?ino?oiaioaeuei? niinoa?aaeaiiy ca
ci?uaiiyi eiioo?a oi?uoth/eo ii??ae i?e a?aenooiino? o eaa? i?eaea?eiiai
?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai e??ieaiiy, o.o. c oaoiieia??, yea ia iio?aao?
iino?eii? i?enooiino? ethaeeie o eaa?, a oaeiae i?e aeei?enoaii?
aea?aa’yiiai oa iaoaeaaiai i?eaea?eiiai e??ieaiiy.

A eaa? onoaoeiaoaaeenue aei??thaaeuei? noaioe?? a o?ueio ?yaeao: 1 ?yae
— a 10 i ieae/a aaioeeyoe?eiiai oo?aeo, 2 ?yae – a 30 i ieae/a
aaioeeyoe?eiiai oo?aeo(na?aaeeia eiiaaeiiai? eaae), 3 ?yae – a 60 i
ieae/a aaioeeyoe?eiiai oo?aeo (ia 10 i aeua niieo/aiiy eiiaaeiiai? oa
onooiii? /anoei eaae). Ine?eueee i?e aei?iaoaaiiyo oeueiai aa??aioo
oaoiieia?? aoea a?aenooiy iiaeeea?noue iino?eiiai a?aea?aeoaaiiy eaae
aeey ciyooy iieaco i?eai??a, aei??thaaiiy aaee/ei eiiaa?aaioe?? aieiaeo
ii??ae cae?enithaaeenue oi?aa?naeueieie aei??thaa/aie oiaueie ieanoa
(OEI), yeee aeicaieya ci?iaoe iieace aeenoaioe?eii. ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiue ca ia??iae iinoaaiiy i/eniiai aeaith ia 56 i iaaaaeai? ia
?en. 3. Aiie na?ae/aoue i?i niie?eiee oa?aeoa? ci?uaiue oi?uoth/eo
ii??ae.

a)

a)

a)

?en. 3. Ci?uaiiy eiioo?a aieiaeo ii??ae ocaeiaae oe?eie i?eaea?eiiai
i?inoi?o.

a), a), a) ?yaee niinoa?aaeaiue ocaeiaae eaae ia a?aenoai? 10, 30, 60 i
a?ae aaioeeyoe?eiiai oo?aeo a?aeiia?aeii.

ae?iea aac iino?eii? i?enooiino? ethaeeie o eaa?;

i?ioyaei? iiaaiiiii?e c aea?aa’yieie noiyeaie;

i?ioyaei? iiaaiiiii?e c iaoaeaaeie noiyeaie.

A i’yoiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe aecia/aia iaeanoue, ianya canoinoaaiiy oa
oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/ia aoaeoeai?noue cai?iiiiiaaii? oaoiieia??. Anoaiiaeaii,
ui canoinoaaiiy e??ieaiiy i?ioyaeieie iiaaiiiii?aie ca ??cieie
oaoiieia?/ieie aa??aioaie iiaeeeai o 20-30 eaaao Oeaio?aeueiiai ?aeiio
Aeiiaano.

??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae canoinoaaiiy iaeiiai ?c aa??aio?a
?ic?iaeaieo oaoiieia?/ieo noai – i?ioyaei? iiaaiiiii?e o eiiieaeo? c
aea?aa’yieie i?eaea?eieie noiyeaie – neeaaea? a?ey 82 oen. a?i.

AENIIAEE

A ?acoeueoao? aeeiiaiiy aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe ae??oaia iiaa iaoeiaa
caaea/a, yea i?noeoueny a onoaiiaeaii? caeaaeiinoae iaoai?/ieo i?ioean?a
o aieiaeo ii?iaeao oa caeeaaeiiio ianea?, a oaeiae coneeue ia
ia?ai?uaiiy e??ieaiiy c i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a a?ae a??ie/i-aaieia?/ieo
oa a??ie/ioaoi?/ieo oaeoi??a (eoo iaae?iiy, iiooaei?noue ieanoa,
eiao?oe??io oa?oy, aeiaaeeia iinoaao e??ieaiiy) aeey iaa?oiooaaiiy
ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?? oi?aae?iiy iie??aeath i?ioyaeieie iiaaiiiii?aie.

Iniiai? iaoeia? oa i?aeoe/i? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe i?noyoueny a ianooiiiio:

?icoe?ai? oyaeaiiy i?i aaiiaoai?/i? i?ioeane a oi?uoth/eo ieano ii?iaeao
o iaaeiei aea?ei?e /anoei? ianeao i?e aeei?enoaii? aeey oi?aae?iiy
a??ie/ei oeneii iao?aaeeoe?eiiai e??ieaiiy i?ioyaeieie iiaaiiiii?aie.
Aia?oa aecia/ai? oa?aeoa? oa cia/aiiy ci?uaiue aieiaeo ii??ae a i/eniiio
aeai? i?e aeei?enoaii? oaeiai e??ieaiiy. Anoaiiaeaii, ui eiiaa?aaioe?y
iie??ae? oa i?aeioae ia ia?aa?ooaaea 22-35 ii ca /an ?nioaaiiy
oaoiieia?/iiai i?inoi?o, ui ia i?eaiaea aei iiyae a ieaei?o oa?ao
iie??ae? e?eoe/ieo iai?oaeaiue, ye? ii?ooothoue ?? no?ee?noue.

Io?eiai? e?euee?ni? caeaaeiino? oeneo caeeaaeiiai iaoa??aeo ia
iai?iaeaeaiiy a?ae iniiaieo aieeaath/eo oaeoi??a (iioeei? aenioe
caeeaaeiiai ianeao, eooa iaae?iiy oa oiaueie ieanoa, eiao?oe??ioa oa?oy
neieiai iaoa??aeo ia iai?iaeaeaiiy). Anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e oaoi?/ii
aeinyaeiiio oeneo a iaieiieao i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a (0,15-0,25 IIa)
aiie caeaoi? aeo?eiaoe aieiaa iaaaioaaeaiiy c aieo caeeaaeiiai ianeao
(aeey oeiiaeo oiia – 28-35 eI/i) aac ao?aoe no?eeino? a?eueo /ei c
oaeai?iei caianii.

Aia?oa anoaiiaeai? cia/aiiy oyaiaeo coneeue iaiao?aeieo aeey
ia?aonoaiiaeaiiy ?yae?a e??ieaiiy c i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a i?e ?o
ia?ai?uaii? one?ae ca iinoaaiiyi i/eniiai aeaith. A caeaaeiino? a?ae
eiie?aoieo oiia aiie ia ia?aaa?oothoue 40 eI, ui aeicaiey? iia?aoe??
ia?anoaaiiy e??ieaiiy cae?enithaaoe aac aeei?enoaiiy aeiaeaoeiaeo
oyaiaeo i?aai?a, ine?eueee iaoa??ae, c yeiai aeaioiaeai? iaieiiee oa ?o
c’?aeiaiiy, caeaoiee aeo?eiaoe oaea iaaaioaaeaiiy a?eueoa, /ei c
oaeai?iei caianii i?oeiino?.

Anoaiiaeai? e?euee?ni? caeaaeiino? coneeue, ye? iaiao?aei? oa aeinoaoi?
aeey ia?ai?uaiiy ?yae?a e??ieaiiy c i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a a?ae oiia ?o
canoinoaaiiy (iioneaiiy oa aeeo/aiiy ?yae?a c eaae, nooa aai
a?ae?aae?/ia caeeaaeea ae?iaeaiiai i?inoi?o). I?e a?ae?icaeeaaeoe?
ae?iaeaiiai i?inoi?o aeey aeeo/aiiy ?yaeo iaiao?aeii i?eeeanoe coneeey
ia 22-25% a?eueo?, /ei i?e noo?e caeeaaeoe?.

Eaai?aoi?ieie aenia?eiaioaie oa oaooieie aei?iaoaaiiyie anoaiiaeaia
oaoi?/ia iiaeeea?noue canoinoaaiiy i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a ye e??ieaiiy
oa iai?iaeaeaiiy i?e a?ae?iaoe? aeoaea oiieeo e?ooeo aoa?eueieo ieano?a.
Cao?aoe /ano ia ia?anoaaiiy e??ieaiiy c i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a a
caeaaeiino? a?ae oaoiieia?? canoinoaaiiy neeaaeathoue a?ae 15 aei 40%
o?eaaeino? oaoiieia?/iiai oeeeeo i?e ae?ioe? iaei??? nioae aoa?eey
ocaeiaae eaae. Oaea ?ioaineai?noue oi?aae?iiy e??ieaiiyi aeinoaoiy aeey
caaacia/aiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy ia eaao 100-140 o ia aeiao.

Iiaeeeaa iaeanoue canoinoaaiiy e??ieaiiy c i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii??a
?iciianthaeaeo?oueny ia ieanoe c eooaie iaae?iiy a?eueoa 38( oa
oiaueiith 0,4-0,7 i. ??/iee ia’?i aeei?enoaiiy ?ic?iaeaieo aa??aio?a
oaoiieia?? neeaaea? a?ey 30 eaa.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? o ianooiieo ?iaioao:

?ac?aaioea ianii?oia oi?aaeaiey ai?iui aeaaeaieai n eniieueciaaeai
eiiiuethoa?iie oaoieee. / I.A.Oaiiaae, I.A.Aeuoaa, Y.A.Ai?enaiei,
Ae.I.AEeoeaiie, A.E.Eo?eoeui, A.A.Eaaoei, TH.A.Eeoaeiia, TH.A.Ieaaiue,
A.E.Ieoaeaiei, I.ss.A?iaeceineee / Iiae ?aae. I.A.Oaiiaaea. Aeiiaoee. —
1998. -118 n.

Noaiaiiae/ A.ss., Ieeieaiei I.A., A?iaeceineee I.ss. I?eiaiaiea e
ia?niaeoeau nicaeaiey iiaaiaoe/aneeo e?aiae // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. – 1990.
-?3. – N. 19-21.

A?iaeceineee I.ss. Iaoaiaoe/aneia iiaeaee?iaaiea
iai?yaeaiii-aeaoi?ie?iaaiiiai ninoiyiey ai?iiai ianneaa i?e io?aaioea
oaieueiiai ieanoa n eniieueciaaieai i?ioyaeaiiuo iiaaiiiii? // Ecaanoey
Aeiiaoeeiai ai?iiai einoeoooa. — 1999. — ? 1. — N. 99-102.

Ieeieaiei I.A., A?iaeceineee I.ss., ?icaioaeue I.A. I ?acoeueoaoao
eniuoaiee iaoaiece?iaaiiie niaoeeaeueiie –iiaaiie?aie (EII). – Aeiiaoee:
OeAIOE Ieioaeai?iia NNN?, 1990. – 5 n.

Ieeieaiei I.A., ?icaioaeue I.A., A?iaeceineee I.ss. Iiuo i?eiaiaiey
oaoiieiaee oi?aaeaiey e?iaeae iiaaiaoe/aneeie e?aiyie. –I. OeIEYEoaieue.
–1989. Aui. 1. – 38 n.

A.n. 1184951 (NNN?) Niinia ia?aaeaeaeaiey ?yaeia iioneiie iiaaiaoe/aneie
e?aie i?e ?ac?aaioea e?oouo oaieueiuo ieanoia / Iaeueie/oe TH.A.,
Ieeieaiei I.A, Aeoea I.A., ?icaioaeue I.A, Eeueei A.E., Ceiiaaiei A.E.,
Aeooiianeee E.O., A?iaeceineee I.ss., // Iioae. a AE 15.10.85, ?38.

A.n. 1263851 (NNN?) Niinia oi?aaeaiey e?iaeae i?e ?ac?aaioea oiieeo
e?oouo oaieueiuo ieanoia aeeeiiuie noieaaie / Noaiaiiae/ A.ss.,
Ieeieaiei I.A, ?icaioaeue I.A, Eeueei A.E., Aeoea I.A., Ceiiaaiei A.E.,
A?iaeceineee I.ss. // Iioae. a AE 15.10.86, ?38.

Iao. 6446 Oe?a?ia. Oaooi? iiaaiaoe/i? e??ieaiiy / Iaeuei?/oe TH.I.,
?icaioaeue I.A., I?eieaiei I.I., A?iaeceinueeee I.ss., ?ea’yiaoeue I.I.
– Iioae. a athe. ? 8-1, 1994.

Aaoi?nueeee aianie: iinoaiiaea caaea/? [2], nenoaiaoecaoe?y io?eiaieo
?acoeueoao?a [1], aeyaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae [4], aiae?c aieeao oaeoi??a
[4,5], ?ic?iaea ?noioieo iciae o a?aeiia?aeiino? ?c aeia?aeeith i?i
oai?/o o/anoue a noai?aii? aeiaoiaeo [6-8].

Caeiaoaa/ A?iaeceinueeee I.ss.

AIIOAOe?ss

A?iaeceinueeee I.ss. Iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a oaoiieia?? oi?aae?iiy
iie??aeath i?ioyaeieie iiaaiiiii?aie o eaaao aeoaea oiieeo e?ooeo
ieano?a. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy a/aiiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.15.02 – i?aecaiia ?ic?iaea ?iaeiaeu ei?enieo
eiiaeei. — A?aeae?eaiiy o?ceei-oaoi?/ieo a??ie/eo i?iaeai AeiiOO? IAIO
?i. I.I.Aaee?ia, Aeiiaoeuee, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ni?yiiaaia ia ae??oaiiy caaea/? iaa?oiooaaiiy
ia?aiao??a ??cieo aa??aio?a oaoiieia?? oi?aae?iiy iie??aeath i?ioyaeieie
iiaaiiiii?aie a eaaao iaaeoi oiieeo e?ooeo aoa?eueieo ieano?a.

Cai?iiiiiaai? aa??aioe oaoiieia?? a ii?aeiaii? ?c e??ieaiiyi c
aea?aa’yieo oa iaoaeaaeo noiye?a, a oaeiae ?aae?caoe?? oaoiieia?? ae?iee
aac iino?eii? i?enooiino? ethaeeie a eaa?.

Aeey ?aae?caoe?? oeeo ??oaiue cai?iiiiiaaiee aa??aio oi?aae?iiy
iie??aeath c aeiiiiiaith oii?yaeeiaaiiai iine?aeiaiiai iioneaiiy naeoe?e
i?ioyaeieo iiaaiiiii? o eaao. Iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoaiiy i?ioyaeaieo
iiaaiiiii? ye iai?iaeaeaiiy a?ae?icaeeaaeieo ianea?a i?aeoaa?aeeee
noaiaeia? aei?iaoaaiiy e aeine?aeieoeueea ia?aa??ea a oiiaao oaooe
«*a?aiiee AEiaoaiue» AI “I?aeaeii?e?aecaaoa?eey”.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iaaeoi oiieee ieano, i?ioyaeia iiaaiiiii?a, oaoiieia?/ia
noaia, a?ae?icaeeaaeea, o?iioaeueia caaeaeaeea.

AIIIOAOeEss

A?iaeceineee I.ss. Iainiiaaiea ia?aiao?ia oaoiieiaee oi?aaeaiey e?iaeae
i?ioyaeaiiuie iiaaiiiii?aie a eaaao aanueia oiieeo e?oouo ieanoia. —
?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.02 – iiaecaiiay ?ac?aaioea ianoi?iaeaeaiee
iieaciuo eneiiaaiuo. — Ioaeaeaiea oeceei-oaoie/aneeo ai?iuo i?iaeai
AeiiOOE IAIO ei. A.A.Aaeeeia, Aeiiaoee, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiay ?aaioa iai?aaeaia ia ?aoaiea caaea/e iainiiaaiey
ia?aiao?ia ?aciuo aa?eaioia oaoiieiaee oi?aaeaiey e?iaeae i?ioyaeaiiuie
iiaaiiiii?aie a eaaao aanueia oiieeo e?oouo oaieueiuo ieanoia.

?acoeueoaou auiieiaiey enneaaeiaaiee, a oaeaea oaooiie i?iaa?ee
i?eioeeiia i?eiaiaiey i?ioyaeaiiuo iiaaiiiii? a ea/anoaa e?aiae e
ia?aaeaeaiee iicaieytho noi?ie?iaaoue neaaeothuea aa?eaiou oaoiieiaee:
e?aiue ec i?ioyaeaiiuo iiaaiiiii? a eiiieaeoa n aea?aayiiuie noieeaie;
e?aiue ec i?ioyaeaiiuo iiaaiiiii? a eiiieaeoa n iaoaeee/aneeie noieeaie;
e?aiue ec i?ioyaeaiiuo iiaaiiiii? aeey ?aaeecaoeee oaoiieiaee auaiee aac
iinoiyiiiai i?enoonoaey /aeiaaea a eaaa; i?ioyaeaiiua iiaaiiiii?u a
ea/anoaa ia?aaeaeaiey i?e aeae?icaeeaaei/iuo ?aaioao.

Aeey ?aaeecaoeee yoeo ?aoaiee i?aaeeiaeai aa?eaio oi?aaeaiey e?iaeae,
oaoiieiae/aneay nouiinoue eioi?iai caeeth/aaony a ?ac?aaioea noaiu
aicaaaeaiey niaoeeaeueiie e?aie eae iin?aaenoaii oii?yaei/aiiiai
iineaaeiaaoaeueiiai iioneaiey a eaao e ecaea/aiey ec iaa niaaeeiaiiuo
naeoeee i?ioyaeaiiuo iiaaiiiii? a eaao, oae e o?iioaeueioth noaio
ia?aaeaeaeaiey ?yaeia iiaaiie?aie iiae aeaenoaeai iaeeiiiie
ninoaaeythuae neeu oyaeanoe iaiei/ae aneaaenoaea aeeaaiiaeueiiai
?aniieiaeaiey caaiy.

Aeey ii?aaeaeaiey oa?aeoa?a ?ani?aaeaeaiey iai?yaeaiee a e?iaea ieanoa
i?e eniieueciaaiee i?aaeeaaaaiuo oaoie/aneeo ?aoaiee a ?aaioa auiieiaiu
eaai?aoi?iua enneaaeiaaiey iaoiaeii iioe/aneiai iiaeaee?iaaiey, a oaeaea
aiaeeoe/aneea ?an/aou eiiiiiaio iai?yaeaiee a e?iaea i?e ?acee/iuo
oneiaeyo i?eiaiaiey iiaaiiiii?.

A ?acoeueoaoa iiaeaee?iaaiey iaoaie/aneeo i?ioeannia a i?ecaaieiie /anoe
ianneaa onoaiiaeaii, /oi oaoie/anee e oaoiieiae/anee aeinoeaeeiua
ia?aiao?u oaoiieiaee n i?eiaiaieai e?aiae ec i?ioyaeaiiuo iiaaiiiii?
iaania/eaatho iaaeaaeiia oi?aaeaiea ai?iui aeaaeaieai a i/enoiuo caaiyo,
/oi iiaeoaa?aeaeaao i?aaeeueiinoue i?eiyouo oaoiieiae/aneeo ?aoaiee.

Aeey i?aaeaa?eoaeueiie ioeaiee aiciiaeiinoe nicaeaiey ia aaca
i?ioyaeaiiuo iiaaiiiii? ia?aaeaeaiee, niiniaiuo i?aiyonoaiaaoue aieiaui
iaa?oceai ni noi?iiu caeeaaei/iiai ianneaa, i?iaaaeaiu iieiiianooaaiua
noaiaeiaua enneaaeiaaiey, eioi?ua onoaiiaeee aiciiaeiinoue
eniieueciaaiey i?ioyaeaiiuo iiaaiiiii? a ea/anoaa ia?aaeaeaiee
aeae?icaeeaaei/iuo ianneaia. Iaeneiaeueiua naeaeaathuea oneeey ni
noi?iiu aeae?icaeeaaei/iiai ianneaa ia i?aauoatho 35-50% oneeee aieiaiai
nii?ioeaeaiey ?ania?ouo iaaeaeo e?iaeae e ii/aie iiaaiiiii?.

Oaooiua yenia?eiaiou, i?iecaiaeeaoeany ia oaooa «E?aniue Ieoya?ue» II
“I?aeaeiieeeaecaoaieue”, iiaeoaa?aeeee ?aaioiniiniaiinoue i?aaeeiaeaiiuo
oaoiieiaee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aanueia oiieee ieano, i?ioyaeaiiay iiaaiiiii?a,
oaoiieiae/aneay noaia, aeae?icaeeaaeea, o?iioaeueiay caaeaeaeea.

SUMMARY

Grodzinsky P.Ya. Substation of parameters of the roof control practice
in faces of very thin steep scams using extended pneumatic supports. —
Manuscript.

The thesis submitted for a candidate of technical science degree in the
field 05.15.02 – underground development of deposits of minerals. — The
Department of Physico-Technical mining problems DonPTI, Ukrainian
National Academy of sciences, Donetsk, 1999.

The dissertation is aimed to solve a problem of substation of parameters
of alternative roof control practices in faces of very thin steep coal
seams using extended pneumatic supports.

Practice modifications using combinations with supporting by wooden and
metal jacks as well as unmanned production technology are proposed.

To realize above approaches the modifications is proposed to control the
roof by way of avanged successive sinking sections of extended pneumatic
supports info the working. A possibility of application of such supports
as fences of hydrogobbed masses have been confirmed by bench tests and
experimental checking in conditions of “Red October” mine, P/O,
“Ordjonikidzeugol”.

Key worp: very thin steep, extended pneumatic supports, hydrogobbed,
face gete.

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