2

IAOe?IIAEUeIA AEAAeAI?ss IAOE OE?A?IE

?INOEOOO AAIOAOI?*II? IAOAI?EE

CAI?I A?eoi? Ieaen?eiae/

OAeE 622.778:622.34

IAA?OIOOAAIIss IA?AIAO??A ?ICAAEOAEAIEO IAAI?OIEO NENOAI AeEss
OAeINEIIAEAIIss I?IOeANO

A?Ae?INAIA?AOe?? CAE?CIEO ?OAe

05.15.11 – “O?ce/i? i?ioeane a??ie/iai ae?iaieoeoaa”

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee -1999

Aeenna?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

aeaaeai?e IAI Oe?a?ie

IIOO?AAA Aaeaioei Ieeeoiae/,

Ii/aniee aee?aeoi? ?AOI IAI Oe?a?ie

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

OO?EAI?* Ieaenaiae? Ieoaeeiae/,

Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie,

eaoaae?a caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe

IAOAEUe*?OEI Aieiaeeie? Noaiaiiae/,

?inoeooo Oe?IAe?aoaeacaaaa/aiiy,

i?ia?aeiee iaoeiaee ni?a?ia?oiee

I?ia?aeia i?aai?caoe?y: E?eai??cueeee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a caaaa/aiiy ei?enieo eiiaeei,

I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie,

i. E?eaee ??a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 18 » /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 13-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae.08.188.01 ?inoeoooo
aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320005, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe. N?ioa?iiieuenueea, 2a.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 320095, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, aoe. N?ioa?iiieuenueea, 2a.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 17 » o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe
I.N. *aoaa?ee13

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oa nooi?iue aea/aiino? oaiaoeee. Aeaeiaooie ? ia?a?iaea
iaaiaoeoiaeo cae?cieo ?oae — iaeia c iniiaieo aaeocae i?iieneiaino? a
Oe?a?i?. Ciaioaiiy ianyao ae?iaieoeoaa cae?ci?oaeii? i?iaeoeoe?? a
inoaii? ?iee ?iaeoue aeooaeueiei c?inoaiiy ?? ye?niiai ??aiy oeyoii
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo iaoei?iieo oaoiieia?e aeey aeioneo oiaa?ii?
i?iaeoeoe?? — oaei?, yea a aeaaaea iiaeeea?noue eiiiainoaaoe ao?aoe
aaeiaiai ae?iaieoeoaa noa?eo oaoiieia?e. Iaiao?aei?noue i?aeaeuaiiy
eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiino? cae?ci?oaeieo eiioeaio?ao?a oa ieioeo?a
aeeeeeaia caoaeaiiyi ?eieo Oe?a?ie: ciai?oiueiai — /a?ac iinoaaee aei
?a?iie aaaaooeo ? aeaoaaoeo ?oae A?ac?e??, ?iae??, Aano?ae?? oa
aioo??oiueiai — o ca’yceo ?c ciaioaiiyi ianya?a ae?iaieoeoaa iaoaeo.

Aeina?ae inoaii?o ?ie?a na?ae/eoue, ui o?aaeeoe?ei? iaai?oi? noaie
caaaa/aiiy a??ie/i-caaaa/oaaeueieo eiia?iao?a, a iniia? yeeo eaaeeoue
i?ioean iaai?oii? naia?aoe??, aeey nooo?aiai i?aeaeuaiiy yeino?
eiioeaio?ao?a aeinoaoiueiai ?ano?no ia iathoue. O oiaa?ieo eiioeaio?aoao
ai?no cae?ca caeaa?eueoiai 63-65 %, ui ieae/a na?oiaeo noaiaea?o?a.
Ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oeioaoe?eieo oa eiia?iiaaieo iaoiae?a ia?a?iaee ?oaee,
cie?aia a E?eaaan?, i?iaeaiaoe/ii e aeiaaa? aenieeo eai?oaeueieo
aeeaaeaiue. Oiio ieoaiiy aaeineiiaeaiiy o?aae?oe?eieo noai caaaa/aiiy a
iai?yieo aeeaieiai caaaa/aiiy oiieiiiae??aiaieo i?iaeoeo?a aeey
ca?eueoaiiy yeino? eiioeaio?ao?a a?aeiia?aeathoue iio?aaai no/aniino?.
Na?aae iniiaieo aeiia aei ao?eaiiy iiaeo oaoiieia?e ?noioia cia/aiiy
iathoue i?i?ioi aia?aiaeo?ao ? iiaeeea?noue i?aeianoe ye?noue
i?iaeoeoe?? aac cieaeaiiy aeeo/aiiy oe?iieo eiiiiiaio?a ?oaee.

Oe?ieiianooaai? aeine?aeaeaiiy o aeaiiio iai?yieo cae?eniththoueny a
?inoeooo? “Iaoaiia?/i?iao”, Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie,
?inoeooo? aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie, E?eai??cueeiio oaoi?/iiio
oi?aa?neoao?, AO “Iaoaiia?”, AO “A?eai?iaenuee-Iaoaiia?”, a??ie/iio
?inoeooo? Eieuenueeiai o?e?aeo AI ?O oa ?i. Caaaeyee ?iaioai A.I.
A?naioue?aa, I.Ae. Aa?nueeiai, I.A. Aaae?aiy, A.A. Aoa?ia, A.?.
Ea?iac?ia, A.A. Ea?iac?ia, A.I. Iaeiai, A.I. Iioo?a?aa, I.?. I?eiaa,
I.I. Oeoiiiaa, I.I. Oo?eai?/a, I.I. Ona/iaa, A.A. *oiaeiaa oa aaaaoueio
?ioeo noai?ai? iaae?ei? oaoiieia?? ? ?ic?iaeai? iaoeia? iniiae o?ce/ieo
i?ioean?a iaai?oieo iaoiae?a caaaa/aiiy.

?noi?e/ii neeaeiny oae, ui i?iaeaia aaeineiiaeaiiy iaoiae?a iaai?oiiai
caaaa/aiiy ia?aaaaeii ?icaeaaeany oeyoii ca?eueoaiiy iaai?oieo neeiaeo
aieea?a ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiyi ana a?eueo iiooaeieo iaai?oieo iie?a. Oe?iei
aeei?enoiaoaai? o caaaa/aii? iaaiaoeoiaeo cae?cieo ?oae aa?aaaii?
iaai?oi? naia?aoi?e iathoue iaaiee iioeioi iaai?oieo aieea?a (a?ae 80
aei 200 eA/i aeey naia?aoi??a oeio IAI) ? canoiniaothoueny ca 3-5
i?eeii?a (noaae?e) o i??o ?ice?eooy i?ia?ae?a ?oaee. Iaeiae, i?e
oeueiio aoaeoeai?noue caaaa/aiiy nooo?ai ciaioo?oueny a?ae iaei???
noaae?? iaai?oii? naia?aoe?? aei ae?oai?. E??i oiai, i?iaeaia
aeiaaaeaiiy eiioeaio?ao?a iaoiaeii iaai?oii? naia?aoe?? oneeaaeith?oueny
ciioai?noth iayaiiai onoaoeoaaiiy oa a?aenooi?noth a Oe?a?i?
iaeaaiaeaeaiiai ae?iaieoeoaa iaai?oieo naia?aoi??a.

I?e caaaa/aii? cae?cieo ?oae oe?iei aeei?enoiao?oueny i?ioean
a?ae?inaia?aoe??, yeee ooieoe?iiaeueii i?aeaioiao? ioeueio aei
naia?aoe?? oeyoii ?? ciaoeaiethaaiiy. A?aeoiaee a iia?aoe??
a?ae?inaia?aoe?? (aeaoeaiaoe??) ia?aaaaeii /eno?o?, i?ae i?e iaai?oi?e
naia?aoe??, a aia?aiiniauai?noue iaeeie/ieo aia?ao?a, iai?eeeaae, IAe-5
oa IAI 250/90, i?eaeecii iaeiaeiaa. Oea niiioeaei ni?yioaaoe
aeineiaeaeaiiy a ?onei iineeaiiy naia?aoeieieo i?ioeania o
aiae?inaia?aoi?ao aeiaeaoeiaei iaeeaaeaiiyi iaaiioieo iieia.

?iciiuaiiy iaaiioieo nenoai o aeaeyaei iaiaaii/aieo iiaa?oiiue a ia?ii
aiae?inaia?aoi?a noai?th? oiiae aeey ?icaaioaaeaiiy iaaiioii? nenoaie
aiae ooieoe?? aeaaaeaiiy eiioeaio?aoo c iioieo ioeueie o iiaio?yiee
i?ino??, ui aeicaiey? canoinoaaoe iaaiioii neee, ii?iaiyii ii ii?yaeeo
aaee/ei c a?aaioaoeieieie. Aei oiai ae, aeinoaoi? ?icii?e ?iai/i? ciie o
a?ae?inaia?aoi?ao aeathoue iiaeeeainoue cieceoe oaeaeeinoue iioieo
ioeueie i oei caieueoeoe /an ?? iaaiioii? ia?iaee oa ciaioeoe neee
aiae?iaeeiaii/iiai iii?o. O oeieiio oea aeicaiey? aanoe i?ioean
?iciiaeieo ioeueie i?e iai?oaeaiinoi iaaiioiiai iiey a
aiae?inaia?aoi?ao, yea ia 1-2 ii?yaeee ieae/a, iiae o o?aaeioeieieo
iaaiioieo naia?aoi?ao.

Noai?aiiy oaoiieiai? iaaiioii? aiae?inaia?aoei? ye aeueoa?iaoeae
o?aaeioeieiie iaaiioiie naia?aoei? no?eio?oueny iaaeinoaoiueith
?ic?iaeith oice/ieo iniia iaoaiicio aiae?inaia?aoei? a iaai?oieo iieyo,
iaiaoiaeiinoth ii?aoethaaiiy ia?iieo no?oeoo? iaaiioieo iieia aeey
caaacia/aiiy iioaineoieaoei? ?icaeieueieo i?ioeania, a oaeiae iaoiaeia
?ic?aooieia i?iieneiaeo iaaiioieo aiae?inaia?aoi?ia c o?aooaaiiyi
iiey?iinoi oa aaiiao?e/iiai ?icoaooaaiiy aeaiaioia iaaiioieo nenoai, ui
noaiiaeoue ia nueiaiaeii aeooaeueia iaoeiaa caaaeaiiy.

Caycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie.

Aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa aeeiiaia a iaaeao aea?aeaaii? i?ia?aie uiaei
?ic?iaee ?ano?ni- oa aia?aicaa?iaath/eo oaoiieiaie aeaeiaooeo oa
ia?a?iaee ei?enieo eiiaeei (i?ii?eoaoiee iai?yiie 04 ca ?oa?eeaoei?th
Iiiiaoee) ye neeaaeiaa /anoeia aea?aeathaeaeaoieo oai ? 31,
Ae?-0198v002674 oa AeI-235, Ae?-0198v005296 i iiaycaia c ieaiaie
Iiiinoa?noaa i?iieneiainoi Oe?a?ie, ni?yiiaaieie ia iiaeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiinoi caaaa/aiiy caeicieo ?oae.

Iaoa ?iaioe — iiaeianaiiy oaoiieiai/ieo iieacieeia caaaa/aiiy
iaaiaoeoiaeo caeicieo ?oae ca ?aooiie oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano
aiae?inaia?aoei? ia iniiai canoinoaaiiy iecueeiiai?oaeaieo iaaiioieo
iieia oeyoii aeai?o oa iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao?ia iaaiioieo nenoai aeey
iioaineoieaoei? naia?aoeieieo i?ioeania.

Iaeay ?iaioe — aeei?enoaiiy iaaiioieo iiaa?oiiue o aiae?inaia?aoi?ao
aeey oi?ioaaiiy ianiiioieia oa iioaineoieaoei? ?icaeieueieo i?ioeania.

I?iaeaia ?ic?iaee oice/ieo i?ioeania iaaiioii? aiae?inaia?aoei? —
eiiieaenia, o oeie ?iaioi aeineiaeaeothoueny, cie?aia, ?? iaaiioii
aniaeoe.

Aeey ?aaeicaoei? iinoaaeaii? iaoe ae?ioaii oaei caaaeaiiy:

1. Anoaiiaeai? iniaeeainoi i?ioeano aiae?inaia?aoei? a
iecueeiiai?oaeaieo iaaiioieo iieyo, aeeiiaia oice/ia oa iaoaiaoe/ia
iiaeaethaaiiy aeaea?ae iiey aeey noai?aiiy ia?iieo iaaiioieo no?oeoo?,
?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoi i i?ia?aie ?ic?aooieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaai?oieo iieia
o aiae?inaia?aoi?ao c o?aooaaiiyi iniaeeainoae eiino?oeoei? iaaiioieo
nenoai.

2. Aeeiiaia eiiithoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy oa anoaiiaeai? i?inoi?iaee
?iciiaeie, aaee/eie, neiao?iy iieia iai?oaeaiinoae i iiiaea?iiioi?ieo
iaaiioieo nee, aeith/eo ia iaaiaoeoiai /anoeiee i?e aiae?inaia?aoei? a
iaaiioieo nenoaiao ia iinoieieo iaaiioao caio?aiiai oeio caeaaeii aiae
aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao?ia oa iaaiioii? i?i?ioaoei? iaaiioieo iiaa?oiiue.

3. Aeeiiai? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeineiaeaeaiiy oa aecia/ai? oa?aeoa?enoeee
i ia?aiao?e iaaiioieo nenoai aeey iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi naia?aoeieieo
i?ioeania i?e ?icaeieaiii iaaiaoeoiaeo caeici?oaeieo ioeuei o
ai?eciioaeueieo oa aa?oeeaeueieo iioieao.

4. Caeieniai? i?iieneiai aei?iaoaaiiy ?iaioe iaaiioieo nenoai
aiae?inai?aoi?ia ia ceeai aiae?ioeeeeiiia ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai i?eeiiia
iiae?iaiaiiy ?oaee oa aiaei?aoeueiaaia iiaa oaoiieiaiy caaaa/aiiy
iaaiaoeoiaeo caeicieo ?oae ia iniiai i?ioeano iaaiioii? aiae?inaia?aoe?.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia

Iaoeiai iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe iieyaathoue a ianooiiiio:

1. O?eoa?iai eiii?ee iaaiioii? nenoaie, aeeiiaii c oa?eoiaa?i?aeo
iaaiioieo ieeoie ieinei? i?yiieooii? oi?ie o neeaae? no?oeoo?e
ieeoea-iaoaeaaa iiaeaeaea-ieeoea, ye aeaea?aei iiey c ?iciiaeieaieie
ia?aiao?aie, caaeiaieueii iienothoueny noia?iiceoei?th aeaio iaeiaeiaeo
i?yiieooieo aeoeia, ioiiethth/eo ia?eiao?e oeaio?aeueieo ia?a?icia
ieeoie, i?e oeueiio ia o?eueee iai?yiie, aea e aaee/eia no?oi?a
aecia/athoueny iaai?oiith i???ioaoe??th ieeoie o eii??eao ? ia
caeaaeaoue aiae ca?inoaiiy iiaa?oii ieeoie /anoeieaie iaaiaoeoo ye o
iiaio?yiiio na?aaeiaeui, oae i a oiieeo caeici?oaeieo ioeueiao ic
aiinoii oaa?aeiai 10-40 %.

2. Aeey i?yiieooieo ieineeo iaaiioieo iiaa?oiiue oa?aeoa? oa neiao?iy
iie?a iai?oaeaiinoi e iaaiioieo nee aecia/athoueny iaaiioiith
i?i?ioaoei?th noiiaeieo a?aiae noniaeiio ieanoei i iaioith ii?ith
caeaaeaoue aiae iiey?iinoi aeaio noi?ii iaeii?? ieanoeie, a eiiiiiaioe
iai?oaeaiinoi iiey oa iaaiioieo nee, ii?iaeuei? aei iiaa?oi?, caanathoue
oaeaeoa, i?ae oaiaaioe?aeuei? i?e ca?eueoaii? caci?o iiae ieanoeiaie,
oi/a ? o?, ? ?io? eiiiiiaioe c?inoathoue i?e caeeaeaii? iaiaai?/aieo
iiaa?oiiue.

3. Oaoiieiai/ii iieacieee i?ioeano aiae?inaia?aoei? iaaiaoeoiaeo
caeici?oaeieo ioeuei o iaaiioieo nenoaiao, ooai?aieo neiao?e/ii
?icoaoiaaieie aeainoi?iii?ie iaiaaii/aieie iiaa?oiyie (ieanoeiaie),
inoioii caeaaeaoue aiae iaaiioii? i?i?ioaoei? iiaa?oiiue ieanoei oa
uieueiinoi ?o ?iciiuaiiy o nenoaii, a caeaaeiino? yeino? i?iaeoeo?a
?icae?eaiiy oa ai?noo oiieeo eean?a o ceea? a?ae?inaia?aoi?a a?ae
u?eueiino? ?icoaooaaiiy ieanoei o nenoai? iathoue aeno?aiaeueiee
oa?aeoa?, oiio aeey oeiiaeo (i?iieneiai-i?eaeaoieo) iaaiaoeoiaeo
cae?cieo ?oae iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe iaai?oio i???ioaoe?th ieanoei
N-N iiethnaie iacono??/ iaeia iaei?e.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoaoia:

— aia?oa anoaiiaeaii iieueiai oa neeiai iaaiioii oa?aeoa?enoeee
iaaiioieo nenoai, ooai?aieo aeaiai/ii-iaiaaii/aieie iiaa?oiyie a ia?i?
a?ae?inaia?aoi??a, ui aeicaieeei noi?ioethaaoe iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaii
aeiiae aei ?o aaiiao?i? oa eiiiiiiaee iiey?iinoi aeey caeieniaiiy
naia?aoeieieo i?ioeania o ai?eciioaeueieo i aa?oeeaeueieo noaoeiiia?ieo
iioieao caeici?oaeieo ioeuei;

— aia?oa aecia/aii caeaaeiinoi oaoiieiai/ieo iieacieeia i?ioeano
aiae?inaia?aoei? iaaiaoeoiaeo caeicieo ?oae aiae ia?aiao?ia oa
oa?aeoa?enoee caio?aieo iaaiioieo nenoai aeey caeieniaiiy oaoiieiaie
iaaiioii? eeaneoieaoei? i iaaiioii? aiae?inaia?aoei? e ?ic?iaee ia ?o
iniiai iiai? oaoiieiai? caaaa/aiiy.

— ?ic?iaeaii aaeaeaaoii iaoaiaoe/ii iiaeaei aeey aecia/aiiy ia?iiiai
?iciiaeieo iaaiioieo oa?aeoa?enoee (iai?oaeaiino? iiey ? iaai?oieo nee)
aeey iaaiioieo nenoai neeaaeii? eiiiiiiaee i aaiiao?i? ia aaci iinoieieo
iaaiioia, aea a?aoiaaia iiey?iinoue aeaiaioa?ieo aeaea?ae iieyy ui
caaaeii ?icoe?th? eiei aiaeiieo ?ioaiue iieueiaeo caaea/ iaaiioinoaoeee;

— io?eiaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oyaeaiiy i?i iaoaiici i?ioeano
?icae?eaiiy oiieeo caeici?oaeieo ioeuei iiaeeco iaiaaii/aieo iiaa?oiiue,
a naia aeey eiia?iaoe?e iaeii- oa aeaia?/ii-iaiaai?/aieo ieanoei,
eiio?ao?aoe?y, aaiiao?e/ia ?icoaooaaiiy ? iaai?oia i???ioaoe?y yeeo
aeicaieythoue ci?ithaaoe aaee/eio oa ?iciiae?e eieaeueieo aeno?aioi?a
iai?oaeaiino? iiey ? iaai?oieo nee, ui caaacia/othoue aeeiai?/iee ?oo
iaaiaoeoiaeo /anoeiie o ?iai/?e cii? a?ae?inaia?ao?a.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe.

Aaoi? ?iaioe ia?aaoaaa o neeaaei oai?/iai eieaeoeao, coneeeyie yeiai c
1996 ?. o i?iieneiaeo oiiaao AAO “Iieoaanueeee ACE” inai?ia iiaa
aia?ai-?ano?nicaa?iaath/a oaoiieiaiy iaaiioii? aiae?inaia?aoei?
(IA-naia?aoeiy), yea aeiaaea naith eiieo?aioini?iiiaeiinoue o ii?iaiyiii
c o?aae?oe?eieie iaoiaeaie iie?i? iaaiioii? naia?aoei?. Aeena?oaoeieia
?iaioa o aeaiiio aniaeoi ii?ooo? aocueea eiei ieoaiue o noa?i
iaa?oiooaaiiy oa aeai?o ia?aiao?ia iaaiioieo nenoai iaeaaeiaiiy i
?ic?iaee oaoiieiai?. O ?acoeueoaoi aeineiaeaeaiue:

— ia ?iaii iaoeiaiai aiaee?eooy oa aeiaoiaeia ?ic?iaeaii niiniae
caaaa/aiiy oiieiae?aieaieo iaaiaoeoiaeo ?oae, a oaeiae iaaiioii nenoaie
oaoiieiai/iiai onoaoeoaaiiy aeey ?aaeicaoei? niiniaia;

— ?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi oa i?ia?aie iiaeaia?ieo ?ic?aooieia iieueiaeo i
neeiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee i?inoi?iai-?icaaeoaeaieo iaai?oieo nenoai ia
iniiai iinoieieo iaaiioia c o?aooaaiiyi ?o iaaiioii? i?i?ioaoei?;

— ?ic?iaeaiee oaoiieiai/iee ?aaeaiaio iiai? noaie caaaa/aiiy ?oaee, ui
aeeeth/a? ia?oo noaaeith iie?i? iaaiioii? naia?aoei? i aeei?enoiao?
i?ioean aiae?i-naia?aoei? caeici?oaeieo ioeuei o iiei
i?inoi?iai-?icaaeoaeaieo iaaiioieo nenoai.

Iiaa oaoiieiai/ia noaia caaaa/aiiy caeicieo ?oae, a iniiao yei?
caeeaaeaiee i?ioean iaaiioii? aiae?inaia?aoei?, c 1996 ?.
aeei?enoiao?oueny ia caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?eeao ? 1 e ? 2 (onueiai 16
naeoeie) AAO “Iieoaanueeee ACE”. Oaeoe/iee aeiiiii/iee aoaeo ca 1997 ?.
neeaa 4,2 iei.a?i. (2,1 iei. o.i.). ?aaeueiee aeiiiii/iee aoaeo
io?eiaiee ia iiaei?e?inoai ca ?aooiie: ciiie aeo?ao ca niaiaa?oinoth
aiae coieiee I noaaei? iaaiioii? naia?aoei? oa ?? caiiie ia
IA-naia?aoeith; i?eiea/oaaiue ca iiaeaeuaiee aiino caeica a ieioeoao;
aeiaeaoeiaiai aeioneo “aacaeo?aoiiai” eiioeaio?aoo, io?eiaiiai caaaeyee
cieaeaiith aeeo/aiiy iaoaeo o aiaeoiaee caaaa/aiiy;

Ia nueiaiaeii oaoiieiaiy oa iaeaaeiaiiy IA-naia?aoei?, ca
aaciina?aaeiueith o/anoth aaoi?a aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe,
ai?iaaaeaeothoueny ia AO “Oeaio?aeueiee ACE” (Oe?a?ia) oa AO
“Ieoaeeianueeee ACE” (?iniy).

Iniaenoee aianie:

Aaoi?ii naiinoieii aecia/aii iaoa oa iaeay ?iaioe, iinoaaeaii e ae?ioaii
caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy, i?iaiaeiciaaii e ocaaaeueiaii ?acoeueoaoe
oai?aoe/ieo aeineiaeaeaiue i oaoiieiai/ieo aei?iaoaaiue, noi?ioeueiaaii
iaoeiai iieiaeaiiy, aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoei?.

O ni?aaaoi?noa? c oai?/ei eieaeoeaii noi?ioeueiaaia iaoeiaa aiaee?eooy,
aea iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? a i?aeoe/iie a?aoiaioaoei?
anoaiiaeaii? caeiiiii?iinoi, i ?ic?iaeaii 4 iaoaioe, aea iniaenoee
aianie aaoi?a caiaeeoueny aei oi?ioethaaiiy oiia iaaiioieo neeiaeo
aieeaia aeey ?aaeicaoei? i?ioeania..

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe
aeiiiaiaeaeeny ia iiaeia?iaeiie eiioa?aioei? “No/anii oeaoe ?icaeoeo
ai?ie/iai iaeaaeiaiiy i oaoiieiai? ia?a?iaee” (i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee,
1996), ia ?anioaeieainueeiio neiiicioii “?ano?nicaa?iaath/i oaoiieiai?
caaaa/aiiy” (i. Eiiniiieuenuee, Iieoaanueei? iae., 1997), ia 1-e
iiaeia?iaeiie eiioa?aioei? “Aaioaoii/ia iaoaiiea inai?iiy iaae?” (i.
Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1998), ia iiaeia?iaeiie iaoeiai-i?aeoe/iie
eiioa?aioei? «XXI noi?i//y — i?iaeaie oa ia?niaeoeae inai?iiy ?iaeiaeu
ei?enieo eiiaeei» (i. Aeiii?iiao?ianuee, 1998), ia ae?iaie/eo ia?aaeao
oaoiaoeia ACEia E?eaaano oa ?ini? i iaoeiaeo naiiia?ao IAOI IAI Oe?a?ie.

Ioaeeeaoei?. Ca oaiith aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe iioaeieiaaii 13 iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue, o oii /enei iaoeiaa aiaee?eooy oa iaoaioe: 1- Oe?a?ie i 3 —
?inienueei? Oaaea?aoei?.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny c anooio, iyoe
?icaeieia, aeniiaeia oa aeiaeaoeia. Iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo — 109n.,
?enoieia — 45n., oaaeeoeue -10n., 4 aeiaeaoee ia 28n., nienie
aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae c 102 iaca. ia 9n.

INIIAIEE CIINO ?IAIOE

O ?ICAeIEI 1 c?iaeaiee aiaeic eioa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae ca oaiith
aeena?oaoei?, aea?aii iai?yiee aeineiaeaeaiue, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoa oa
caaaeaiiy.

Oaoiieiai? caaaa/aiiy oiieiae?aieaieo iaaiaoeoiaeo ?oae (aiaeiai/ieo
?oaeai Oe?a?ie), yei ia?a?iaeythoue a Aano?aei?, Eaiaaei, NOA,
Ii?aaai?, aeicaieythoue io?eioaaoe eiioeaio?aoe c aiinoii caeica aei
69%. Aiae?c oaoiieia?e na?ae/eoue i?i ia?niaeoeai?noue aeei?enoaiiy
aeina?aeo a?aa?oaoe?eieo iaoiae?a, ui ?iaeoue aeooaeueiei ?ic?iaeo
o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a eiia?iiaaieo iaai?oii-a?aa?oaoe?eieo aieea?a,
cie?aia, i?ioean?a a?ae?inaia?aoe?? iaaiaoeoiaeo ioeuei a iaai?oieo
iieyo.

Ia a?aei?io a?ae o?aaeioeieii? iaaiioii? naia?aoei? i?e
iaai?oii-a?ae?iaeeiai?/iiio (IAAe) oa iaaiioii-aiae?inoaoe/iiio (IAN),
aai oa?i-aiae?inoaoe/iiio (OAN) iaoiaeao naia?aoei? aeeeth/aii i?ioean
aeaaaeaiiy aioiaiai i?iaeoeoo c ioeueie iiaa?oiath iaai?oiiin?y, ui aea?
ciiao ciaioeoe iai?oaeai?noue iaai?oiiai iiey. Iaeiae, oey iiaeeea?noue
ia aoea ?aaeiciaaia ia?aaaaeii /a?ac oa, ui iaiaoiaeiinoue noai?aiiy
aenieii?iaeoeoeaieo aia?aoia ia? ia oaaci aaeee? oaeaeeinoi iioieia, a
oea iio?aao? aeniei? uieueiinoi iaaiioieo nee a iaiaaeaiie ?iai/ie ciii
naia?aoei?. Aeey a?aeiieo iecueeiiai?oaeaieo (2-12eA/i, aei 16 eA/i)
aeaeo?iiaaiioieo naia?aoi?ia (I.I. Caeaiia, I.I. Ona/ia, I.I.
Aeaeieeia), ui aacothoueny ia aeei?enoaiii iaoaiicio no?oeoo?oaaiiy
oa?iiaaiioieo noniaicie o neaaeeo iieyo, i?iaeaio noaiiaeoue aea??
?iai/eo ?aaeei?a, a?aoiaoth/e, ui aeaea?aei iaai?oiiai iiey — ciai?oi?.

I?aeaeueoe u?euei?noue iecueeiiai?oaeaieo iaai?oieo iie?a iiaeeeai
caaaeyee aeei?enoaiith iaai?oieo nenoai iiaiai oeio — aeeiiaieo c
iinoieieo iaaiioia o aeaeyaei i?inoi?iai-?icianaieo iaiaaii/aieo
iiaa?oiiue, yei caio?ai? o ?iai/ee ia?i aiae?inaia?aoi?a. Iaiaaia,
noeoiiee oaeoi? ?icaeieaiiy aecia/a?oueny i?e oeueiio oe?eei eiiieaenii
aca?iiaeie — iaaiioieo, aiae?iaeeiaii/ieo oa a?aaioaoeieieo. Oey
aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa i?enay/aia aea/aiith naia iaaiioieo iieia, nee oa
aca?iiaeie i?e aiae?inaia?aoei? a iie? caio?aieo iaai?oieo nenoai.

Aiaeiii caaea/i ?ic?aooieo iaaiioieo iieia i?e naia?aoeieieo i?ioeanao o
ia?aaaaeiie aieueoinoi aeiaaeeia iaiaaeothoueny ?icaycoaaiiyi ieinei?
caaea/i aeey aeaeueiuei? ciie ia iniiai ona?aaeiaieo iaaiioieo
oa?aeoa?enoee, ui aei?aaaeaia eie?iaa?i?noth ?iai/eo nee a aia?ao? ?
aeey iaai?oieo iie?a c a?aeiinii aenieith iai?oaeaiinoth (60 eA/i i
aieueoa) aea? aeinoaoii aeey i?aeoeee ?acoeueoaoe.

Ia?iii iieueiai caaea/i, cae/aeii, (I.A. Oiciii, E.?. Iaeiai, I.I.
Iaeea?, E.N. Aeaii?/yi, N.O.Oieia/ia) oa?aeoa?eco? a?iiicaeeee
iaoaiaoe/iee iien, a eiioeaai ?ioaiiy neeaaeii aeey oice/ii?
iioa?i?aoaoei? oa aiaeico. Na?eicio i?iaeaio noaiiaeoue aeai? ooieoei?
aeaea?ae iiey, uia aiaeia?aceoe ?aaeueiee ?iciiaeie iiey ia iiaa?oii
aeaiaio?a, aeeiiaieo c iino?eieo iaaiio?a.

O ?ICAeIEI 2 iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee oaiiiaiieiai/ieo iiaeaeae
iiiaeeiieeo aeaiaioia eiino?oeoei? iaaiioieo nenoai c oa??oiaa???aeo
ieeoie iino?eieo iaai?o?a. Ca iniiao acyoi aiaeiiee iaoiae oice/iiai
iiaeaethaaiiy iaaiioo ye nieaii?aea ic no?oiii, ui noai?th? iiea,
oioiaeia iieth iaaiioa H=0IeHe. Eiiiiiaioe aea?aaeaioii? iai?oaeaiinoi
iaaiioiiai iiey ieeoee He aecia/ai? noia?iiceoei?th iieia
eoneiai-aacia?a?aieo no?oiia, ui i?ioieathoue ?? ia?eiao?ii, ? a
aeaea?oia?e nenoai? eii?aeeiao iathoue aeaeyae:

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 ?@???&??yyyy?????Ay®yA?N ???&?
?MathType??p???u????????????-?????LU???L@
???O???.????u?? ??????????-????6????
???-????? ???¤

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
@4???&??yyyy?????Ay!y?4A ???&?
?MathType??`???u????????????-?????o•???N????u??
??????????-????U?????%???-??????-???G™???G™
???Gz ???im???i? ???i±
???i????i]???iO???owmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 `A???&??yyyy?????Ay±y AQ ???&?
?MathType??p???u????????????-?????L5???L¬
???Re???1& ???u?? ??????????-????9& ???
???-?????? ???§i ???§i
???§????LA???L????RE???1???-????9???
Y???-?????a???§I???§I???§® ???L!???LI
???LU#???LI(???R
*???1F*???-????9F*???›*???-?????F*???§+???
§+???§?3???La)???L4???Re5???1$6???-????9$
6???y6???-?????ax, bz, hy i?e ?ici??ao ieeoee (ab) oa
oiauei? h.

I?yieie ii?iaiyiiyie ?ic?aooieiaeo aeaieo c ?acoeueoaoaie aeii?thaaiiy
eiiiiiaioia iai?oaeaiinoi iiey ia iiaa?oii oa iaae iath aeey
oa?eoiaa?i?ai? iaaiioii? ieeoee ic caeeoeiaith iaiaaii/aiinoth 25-35
eA/i anoaiiaeaia aeiionoeia oi/iinoue ?? iiaeaethaaiiy o aeaeyaei
iaeiiai aeoea c no?oiii, yeee iaiioaii ia eiioo? ia?eiao?a ieeoee o
oeaio?aeueiiio ia?aoeii. Aiaeia?/ii ?ic?iaeai? iiaeae? oa aecia/aii
aea?aaeaioiee no?oi aeey aeaiaio?a eiino?oeoe?? o aeaeyae? aea?e/anoeo
ieeoie oa eii??ie oeio ieeoea-iaoaeaaa i?aeaeaea-ieeoea c o?aooaaiiyi
iaai?oii? i???ioaoe?? ieeoie a aeaiaioao oa aieeao ciai?oiueiai
na?aaeiaeua (ioeueie). A ?iaio? iaaaaeai? cia/aiiy Ie c iioeaeith
iiaeaeae i?e aecia/aii? iai?oaeaiino? iiey a?ae 3,4 % aei 8,4 %.
Oaiiiaiieia?/i?noue iiaeaeae aeicaieeea aeeiiaoe ?ic?aooiee aeey iie?a
nenoai c oaeeo aeaiaio?a iaoiaeii noia?iiceoe?? aeaiaioa?ieo ??oaiue.

A ?ICAe?E? 3 iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe eiiithoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ?
aecia/ai? aaee/eie oa oa?aeoa? ?iciiae?eo iai?oaeaiino? ? iiey iaai?oieo
nee aeey iaai?oieo nenoai a?ae?inaia?aoi??a, aeeiiaieo o aeaeyae?
aaiiao?e/ii? eiino?oeoe?? c aeaia?/ii-iaiaai?/aieo ieineeo iiaa?oiiue.

Aeey ?icaycoaaii? caaea/? i?e caeeoeia?e iaiaai?/aiino? /anoeiie
iaaiaoeoo ioeueie 6,5-7 eA/i ?o iaiaai?/ai?noue iane/aiiy neeaaea? 30-34
eA/i, oea i?eaeecii aei??aith? caeeoeia?e iaiaai?/aiino? oa?eoiaa???aeo
ieeoie, ui aea? ciiao nei?enoaoeny oeiiaei aeey i?aeoeee caaaa/aiiy ?oae
aecia/aiiyi iaai?oii? neee ye mHgradH, aea m — iana /anoeiee; — ??
iaai?oia ni?eeiyoeea?noue. Iaai?oi? neee ioe?ithaaeeny a?aeiinii uiaei
a?aa?oaoe?eii? neee, ui ae?? ia iaaiaoeoia? /anoeiee c ?ici??ii 50 ie. A
ioe?ioe? ca noaiaea?oieie iaoiaeaie oai??? eiia??iinoae oa iaoaiaoe/ii?
noaoenoeee iioeaea ?ic?aooie?a neeiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee iaai?oieo nenoai
a?ae?inaia?aoi??a ia ia?aaeuoaaea 17 %.

Caaea/a ii aecia/aiith iaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee oa ia?aiao??a ?icaycaia
aeey aeaio aeae?a iaai?oieo nenoai: 1) — eiee aiie neeaaeai? c
aa?oeeaeueieo ia?aeaeueieo aeaia?/ii-iaiaai?/aieo ieanoei
(ieineiia?aeaeueia iaai?oia nenoaia o aoaeia? iaai?oiiai eeaneo?eaoi?a,
i?ecia/aiiai aeey i?aai?caoe?? naia?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a ia?aaaaeii a
ai?eciioaeueieo iioieao) ? 2) — eiee nenoaie aeeiiai? c aiaeia?/ieo
ieanoei, ?ici?uaieo ?aae?aeueii acaeiaae oa??ieo c??caiiai eiiona
(eii?/ia ?aae?aeueii-?ico?aeia nenoaia), yea a?aei?aoeueiaaia aeey
iiae?eo cae?ci?oaeieo ioeuei ia?aaaaeii o aa?oeeaeueieo iioieao. C
aeei?enoaiiyi ooeoe?iiaeueieo iiaeeeainoae eiiithoa?ii? i?ia?aie MathCAD
aeeiiaia iiaeaethaaiiy iaai?oieo iie?a oa nee o o?e? oaeeo nenoai ca
??cieo aa??aio?a iiey?iino? iaai?oieo ieanoei nenoaie.

?enoiie 1 ?ethno?o? ?ic?aooiee iaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee iaai?oieo
eeaneo?eaoi??a, aeey yeeo aa?oeeaeueia Z-eiiiiiaioa iiey — ?iai/a, ui
caaacia/o? i?ioeane ?icoa?oaaiiy /anoeiie ioeueie o aa?oeeaeuei?e
ieiuei? i?ae ieanoeiaie, a ai?eciioaeueia (ii?iaeueia aei ieanoei)
Y-eiiiiiaioa ooieoe?iiaeueii noai?th? oiiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy
“iaaiaoeoiai? n?oee” i?ae ieanoeiaie oa ca?inoaiiy ?o iiaa?oi?
/anoeieaie iaaiaoeoo. Ca iaeiaeiaeo oiia aeey nenoaie iaai?oiiai
eeaneo?eaoi?a c NS iaai?oiith i???ioaoe??th ieanoei o caci?? a
ii??aiyii? c NN i???ioaoe??th ?iai/a aa?oeeaeueia eiiiiiaioa iaai?oieo
nee caoooa? a?aeiinii oaeaeoa, i?ae ii?iaeueia, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue
?aeiiaiaeoaaoe iaeiieiaiio iiey?i?noue ieanoei o ?iai/eo caci?ao
caaoe?oee (10-25)h aeey cae?eniaiiy naia?aoe?eieo i?ioean?a. Ii?yae c
oeei anoaiiaeaii iae?i?eiee oa?aeoa? c?inoaiiy an?o eiiiiiaio iaai?oieo
nee ?c ciaioaiiyi oe?eie ?iai/iai caci?o.

Aeey iaai?oii? nenoaie iaai?oiiai a?ae?inaia?aoi?a ?ic?aooiie iaai?oieo
oa?aeoa?enoee, aeeiiaiee o oeee?iae?e/i?e nenoai? eii?ae?iao, cana?ae/ea
?noioio iaiaeii??aei?noue eiiiiiaio iai?oaeaiino? iiey a ieiueiao
ia?a??co a?ae?inaia?aoi?a i?e i?aeneeaii? an?o eiiiiiaio a iaeano?
ca?aaiiy ieanoei. Oey iniaeea?noue a?eueoith i??ith i?eoaiaiia eooia?e
eiiiiiaio?, a iaeiaioith -?aae?aeuei?e, aa?oeeaeueia ae iin?aea?
i?ii?aeia iieiaeaiiy. Aa?oeeaeueia eiiiiiaioa iiey
ooieoe?iiaeueii caaacia/o? i?ioeane ci?uaiiy /anoeiie o aa?oeeaeuei?e
ieiuei? a?ae?inaia?aoi?a, ?aae?aeueia — ?oo ocaeiaae iiaa?oi? ieanoei
aei oeaio?o aai a?ae oeaio?o a?ae?inaia?aoi?a, a eooiaa noeioeth?
i?ioeane ca?inoaiiy caci?a iaaiaoeoii ioeueie. Anoaiiaeai? ?iciiae?ee oa
oa?aeoa? neiao??? eiiiiiaio iai?oaeaiino? iiey ? iaai?oieo nee aeey
??cieo aa??aio?a iiey?iino? ieanoei nenoaie.

Iai?eeeaae, ?iciiae?e eooiai? eiiiiiaioe iiey iai?oaeaiinoae,
neiao?e/iee aeey ?ici?oaiiy iiey?iino? ieanoei NS-NS, ia?aoiaeeoue a
aioeneiao?e/iee i?e NN-NN i???ioaoe??. Inoaii? na?ae/eoue i?i iano?eeee
??aiiaaaeiee noai /anoeiie iaaiaoeoo a oeaio?? i?ae ieanoeiaie.

Aiae?c neeiaeo eiiiiiaio aeyaea, ui a iaai?oi?e nenoai? a?ae?inaia?aoi?a
?iai/a eiiiiiaioa iiey iiiaea?iiioi?ieo iaai?oieo nee — ?aae?aeueia,
caaaeyee ye?e a?aeaoaathoueny i?ioeane ci?uaiiy iaaiaoeoiaeo /anoeiie
aei oeaio?o aia?aoa.

Eiiieaenia ioe?iea iaai?oieo nee, aaee/eie yeeo iathoue ii?yaeie aei 100
F a?aa, o iaai?oi?e nenoai? a?ae?inaia?aoi?a aeaea ciiao ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe
iaeiieiaiio iaai?oio i???ioaoe?th ieanoei o ?iai/eo caci?ao oa
anoaiiaeoe ?iciiae?e iaai?oieo nee caeaaeii a?ae ia?aiao??a ieanoei.

?ICAe?E 4 i?enay/aiee aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi aieeao
iaa-i?oieo iie?a i?inoi?iai-?icaaeoaeaieo nenoai ia iieacieee
a?ae?inaia?aoe?? i?e caaeaieo o?eniaaieo a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ?aaeeiao.
Ia?aiao?e iaai?oieo iie?a caaaa/oaaeueieo aia?ao?a ioe?ithaaeeny ca
?acoeueoaoaie eiiithoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy, io?eiaieie o ?icae?e? 3, ui
oe?eeii aei?aaaeaia a?aenooi?noth i?yieo iaoiae?a aei??thaaiiy iaai?oieo
nee oa iaiao?aei?noth cia/ii? e?eueeino? aei???a iai?oaeaiino? aeey
iiaoaeiae ia?iii? ea?oeie iaai?oiiai iiey, a?aoiaoth/e, ui iaeeie/iee
aei?? aeyaey? cia/aiiy eeoa iaei??? c eiiiiiaio iai?oaeaiino? iiey.

sse aeyaeei ?icae?eaiiy cae?ci?oaeieo ioeuei o aeieiaao c iaai?oieie
no?i-eaie (i?yieo, iioeeeo, ui caoaeothoueny /e ?icoe?ththoueny),
aoaeoeai?noue ?ic-ae?eaiiy a i?yiiio oa iioeeiio ?icoe?iiio aeieiaao c
iaeeaaeaiiyi iaai?o-iiai iiey ? aac iueiai iiaea nyaaoe 6,4 % oa 12,5 %
a?aeiia?aeii. Anoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino? oaoiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a
?icae?eaiiy a?ae oaeaeeino? iioieo ioeueie.

Iaai?oia nenoaia ieinei-ia?aeaeueiiai oeio aei?iaoaaia a onoaoeoaaii?
iaai?oiiai eeaneo?eaoi?a. Anoaiiaeaii, ui iaoai?ci ?icae?eaiiy
aaco?oueny ia aeoeniaii? c iiey a?aeiinii aaaaoiai a?oaica?iiaiai
i?iaeoeoo o i?nee, a oiieiai, a?aeiinii a?aeiiai i?iaeoeoo, — o ceea.
Naia?aoe?eiee i?ioean ?oaeoeaiee aeey ?iaioe ia u?eueieo ioeueiao, eiai
oa?aeoa?enoeee iae?i?eii iiaycai? c oaeaee?noth iioieo ioeueie,
canoinoaaiiy iaai?oieo nenoai caaacia/o? aeae?eaiiy aei 20-25 % ceeao,
iiaeaiiai ia?aaaaeii c?inoeaie i?ia?ae?a, i?e a?aei?iiino? o ai?no?
cae?ca a i?neao oa a ceea? aei 2,5 %. Oeae aia?ao ?aeiiaiaeiaaii
aeei?enoiaoaaoe o oaoiieia?/i?e noai? ye aeiiii?aeiee.

Ca iaeiaeiaeo a?ae?iaeeiai?/ieo ?aaeei?a i?iaaaeaia ii??aiyiiy
oaoiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a i?ioean?a a?ae?inaia?aoe?? a aia?aoao oeio IAe
(aeaoeaiaoi?ao) oa a iaai?oieo a?ae?inaia?aoi?ao IAN, yea aeyaeei, ui a
na?aaeiueiio ci?ia ai?noo cae?ca o ceea? neeaaea? aei =-3,1 %, a a
i?neao — aei =+2,3 % i?e oaeiio ae aeoiae? i?iii?iaeoeoo. Anoaiiaeaiee
oa?aeoa? ci?ie oaoiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a i?ioeano iaai?oii?
a?ae?inaia?aoe?? a?ae iaai?oii? i???ioaoe?? oa u?eueiino? ?ici?uaiiy
ieanoei nenoaie. I?e oeueiio aeyaeaiee aeno?aiaeueiee oa?aeoa? o
caeaaeiinoyo yeino? i?iaeoeo?a a?ae?inaia?aoe?? oa ai?noo oiieeo eean?a
o ceea? a?ae?inaia?aoi?a a?ae u?eueiino? ?ici?uaiiy ieanoei o iaai?oi?e
nenoai?. Aeyaeaii, ui aeey aoaeoeaii? iaai?oii? a?ae?inaia?aoe??
iaaiaoeoiaeo noniaic?e u?euei?noth aei 1200 ea/i3 c e?oii?noth /anoeiie
ia ieae/a 45 % eeano -50 ie ?aeiiaiaeiaaia cono??/ia iaeiieiaiia N-N
iiey?i?noue ieanoei iaai?oii? nenoaie c e?euee?noth ieanoei aeey
aia?ao?a IAN-5 192 (?en. 2). I?e oeueiio eoo ?ice?eooy i?ae ieie 183,
noia?ia ieiua iaiaai?/aii? iiaa?oi? — (2329) i2, aeey aia?ao?a IAN-9
e?euee?noue ieanoei iaai?oii? nenoaie — 382, eoo ?ice?eooy 9-10, noia?ia
ieiua iaiaai?/aii? iiaa?oi? -(90100) i2.

O ?ICAe?E? 5 iaaaaeai? iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee iiai? oaoiieia?/ii?
noaie caaaa/aiiy iaaiaoeoiaeo cae?cieo ?oae c aeei?enoaiiyi i?ioeano
iaai?oii? a?ae?inaia?aoe??. Aeine?aeaeaia oaoiieia?y iaai?oii?
eeaneo?eaoe?? aeey iane/aiiy noaie iaaiaoeoii ioeueie c iiaeaaaiiyi
ceeao iaai?oiiai eeaneo?eaoi?a a aieiao i?ioeano caaaa/aiiy. C?iaeaia
ioe?iea oaoiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe naeoe?? i?e onoiaii? ia?oi?
noaae?? iaai?oii? naia?aoe?? oa canoinoaai? IA-naia?aoe?? iine?aeiaii, a
iio?i iaeii/anii ia ceea? a?ae?ioeeeeii?a ia?oiai oa ae?oaiai i?eeii?a
iiae??aiaiiy. Iai?eeeaae, aeey iaai?oieo a?ae?inaia?aoi??a ia?oiai
i?eeiio ii??aiyii c iaai?oieie naia?aoi?aie (IIN I noaae??) ye?ni?
iieacieee i?iaeoeo?a iie?ioothoueny a?aeiia?aeii: = 1,8 %, a =+1,5 %.
Anoaiiaeaia iiaeeea?noue caaaa/aiiy aac aeei?enoaiiy iaai?oii?
naia?aoe?? o ia?oiio i?eeii? oa IA-naia?aoe?? a iaio i?eeiiao
iiae??aiaiiy ?oaee i?e i?aeaeuaii? oaoiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a ?iaioe
naeoe?? ii??aiyii c o?aaeeoe?eiith noaiith, ui caaacia/o? aeiiii?/iee
aoaeo. Iai?eeeaae, ii ?oae? ai?eciioo K32 ci?ia ai?noo cae?ca o
eiioeaio?ao? e a?aeoiaeao neeaaeaea ia +0,6 % oa -1,3 % a?aeiia?aeii, a
aeo?ae eiioeaio?aoo oa aeeo/aiiy a iueiai cae?ca c?inee ia 1,4 % ? 3,6
% a?aeiia?aeii o ii??aiyii? c o?aae?oe?eiith oaoiieia??th. Ca 1997 ??e
?aaeueiee ?eiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy oaoiieia?? caaaa/aiiy c
aeei?enoaiiyi i?ioeano iaai?oii? a?ae?inaia?aoe?? — 4,2 iei. a?i. (2,1
iei. o.i.).

Iaa?oioiaai?noue oa aeinoia??i?noue iaoeiaeo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a ?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aecia/athoueny canoinoaaiiyi ooiaeaiaioaeueieo
iieiaeaiue oa iaoiae?a oai??? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey; ei?aeoi?noth
iinoaiiaie caaea/ iaai?oinoaoeee; caaeia?eueiei nooiaiai ca?aeiino?
?acoeueoao?a iiaeaethaaiiy e aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue c
iioeaeith aecia/aiiy iieueiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ia a?eueoa ca 8,4 %,
neeiaeo oa?aeoa?enoee ia aeua ca 17 %; canoinoaaiiyi a?aeiieo iaoiae?a
oai??? oa i?aeoeee caaaa/aiiy, AINOiaaieo iaoiae?e ioe?iee oaoiieia?/ieo
iieaciee?a ? yeino? i?iaeoeoe??, i?eeiyoeo ia AAO “IACE”, iiceoeaieie
?acoeueoaoaie eaai?aoi?ieo aenia?eiaio?a oa aeina?aeo i?iieneiaiai
aeei?enoaiiy aia?ao?a c i?inoi?iai-?icaaeoaeaieie iaai?oieie nenoaiaie,
a oaeiae niinia?a caaaa/aiiy iaaiaoeoiaeo cae?cieo ?oae ?c canoinoaaiiyi
i?ioeano iaai?oii? a?ae?inaia?aoe??.

AENIIAEE

O aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? aeaia iiaa ae??oaiiy aeooaeueiiai iaoeiaiai
caaaeaiiy, ui iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? niinia?a oa cania?a a?ae?inaia?aoe??
iaaiaoeoiaeo cae?ci?oaeieo ioeuei oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy
i?inoi?iai-?icaaeoaeaieo no?oeoo? iaai?oieo iie?a o ?iai/iio ia?i?
a?ae?inaia?aoi??a aeey i?aai?caoe?? i?ioean?a ?icae?eaiiy oa aecia/aiiy
caeiiii??iinoae ?o i?io?eaiiy. Iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe aeicaieythoue
iaa?oioiaaii aea?aoe ?aoe?iiaeuei? ia?aiao?e iaai?oieo nenoai
a?ae?inaia?aoi??a oa ?ic?iaeoe oaoiieia?th cae?eniaiiy iaai?oii?
a?ae?inaia?aoe??.

Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue:

1. Aia?oa aecia/aii aieea iecueeiiai?oaeaieo iaai?oieo iie?a ia
aoaeoeai?noue ?icae?eaiiy cae?ci?oaeieo ioeuei, a oaeiae anoaiiaeai?
iieueia? oa neeia? iaai?oi? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaai?oieo nenoai, ooai?aieo
aeaia?/ii-iaiaai?/aieie iiaa?oiyie a ia?i? a?ae?inaia?aoi??a, e??i oiai
aia?oa aecia/ai? caeaaeiino? oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a i?ioeano
a?ae?inaia?aoe?? iaaiaoeoiaeo cae?cieo ?oae a?ae ia?aiao??a oa
oa?aeoa?enoee caio?aieo iaai?oieo nenoai aeey cae?eniaiiy oaoiieia??
iaai?oii? eeaneo?eaoe?? ? iaai?oii? a?ae?inaia?aoe?? e ?ic?iaee ia ?o
iniia? iiai? oaoiieia?? caaaa/aiiy.

2. ?ic?iaeai? aaeaeaaoi? iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aeey aecia/aiiy ia?iiiai
?iciiae?eo iaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee (iai?oaeaiino? iiey ? iaai?oieo nee)
aeey iaai?oieo nenoai neeaaeii? eiiiaiiaee ? aaiiao??? ia aac? iino?eieo
iaai?o?a, aea a?aoiaaia iiey?i?noue aeaiaioa?ieo aeaea?ae iiey, ui
caaaeii ?icoe?th? eiei a?aeiieo ??oaiue iieueiaeo caaea/ iaai?oinoaoeee.
?ic?iaeai? oaiiiaiieia?/i? iiaeae? iaai?oieo eii??ie aeaee iiaeeea?noue
aeei?enoaoe i?eioeei noia?iiceoe?? aeaiaioa?ieo ??oaiue aeey aecia/aiiy
iaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee nenoai o oaeeo aeaiaio?a. Ia oe?e iniia?
aecia/aia ?ic?aooieiaa noaia i?ioeano iaai?oii? a?ae?inaia?aoe??.

3. Aia?oa aecia/aii, ui oa?aeoa? oa neiao??y iie?a iai?oaeaiinoae ?
a?aeiia?aeieo iaai?oieo nee ??ci?, a ?o aaee/eie ia?aaaaeii
aecia/athoueny cono??/iith iaai?oiith i???ioaoe??th ieanoei o ?iai/iio
caci?? i?ae ieanoeiaie. Aeey nenoaie c aa?oeeaeueieo ia?aeaeueieo
iaai?oieo ieanoei aa?oeeaeuei? eiiiiiaioe iie?a oa nee caoooathoue
iia?euei?oa ai?eciioaeueieo, noeioethth/eo ca?inoaiiy caci?o iaaiaoeoii.
Aeey iaai?oieo nenoai c ?aae?aeueii-?ica?aeieo ocaeiaae oa??ieo
c??caiiai eiiona ieanoei c iaeiiiiey?iith i???ioaoe??th o ?iai/iio
caci?? ?iai/a eiiiiiaioa ?aae?aeueia, yea caaacia/o? ci?uaiiy iaaiaoeoo
aei oeaio?aeueii? in? a?ae?inaia?aoi?a. I?e iaeiiiiey?i?e iaai?oi?e
i???ioaoe?? aaee/eia eooiai? eiiiiiaioe, noeioethth/i? i?ioeane
ca?inoaiiy ?iai/iai caci?o iaaiaoeoii, i?i?iaeueia.

4. Io?eiaee iiaeaeueoee ?icaeoie oyaeaiiy i?i iaoai?ci i?ioeano
?icae?eaiiy oiieeo cae?ci?oaeieo ioeuei iiaeeco iaiaai?/aieo iiaa?oiiue,
a naia aeey eiia?iaoe?e iaeii- oa aeaia?/ii-iaiaai?/aieo ieanoei,
eiio?ao?aoe?y, aaiiao??y ?icoaooaaiiy ? iaai?oia i???ioaoe?y yeeo
aeicaieythoue ci?ithaaoe aaee/eio oa ?iciiae?e eieaeueieo aeno?aioi?a
iai?oaeaiino? iiey ? iaai?oieo nee, ui caaacia/othoue aeeiai?/iee ?oo
iaiaoeoiaeo /anoeiie o ?iai/?e cii? a?ae?inaia?aoi?a. Oeae iaoai?ci
i?ioeano iieyaa? a iniiao iiai? oaoiieia?/ii? noaie oa oaoiieia??
a?ae?inaia?aoe??. Aiane?aeie /iai cieaeaii ai?no cae?ca o ceea?
a?ae?inaia?aoi?a ia 3,1 %. Iiaa oaoiieia?y ia?aaeaa/a? cai?io i?ioeano
o?aae?oe?eii? a?ae?inaia?aoe?? a on?o noaae?yo ia iaai?oio
a?ae?inaia?aoe?th, aeei?enoaiiy iaai?oii? eeaneo?eaoe?? aeey iane/aiiy
noaie iaaiaoeoii e aeaaaeaiiy c i?ioeano caaaa/aiiy ?oaee ia?oi? noaae??
iaai?oii? naia?aoe??. Oey oaoiieia?y canoiniao?oueny c 1996 ?ieo ia AAO
“Iieoaanueeee ACE” c iaea?aeaiiyi ?aaeueiiai aeiiii?/iiai aoaeoo, a c
1998 ?ieo ia AAO “Oeaio?aeueiee ACE“ (Oe?a?ia) oa AAO “Ieoaee?anueeee
ACE“ (?in?y).

NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO IAOEIAEO I?AOeUe,

ssE? A?AeIA?AAEATHOUe INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe??

1. Iioo?aaa A.I., Caiei A.A. Ia?niaeoeau iiauoaiey ea/anoaa iaiaauaiey
aeaeaciuo ?oae n i?eiaiaieai iaaieoii-aeae?aaee/aneie naia?aoeee
//Aaioaoie/aneay iaoaieea.-Na.iao/.o?. EAOI IAI Oe?aeiu.-1998.-Aui.
4.–C.80–85.

2. Caiei A.A. Iino?iaiea iaoaiaoe/aneie iiaeaee e ?an/aoo iaaieoiiai
iiey ?acianaiiuo ieanoei e ?aoaoie ia iinoiyiiuo iaaieoao
//Aaioaoie/aneay iaoaieea.- Na.iao/.o?. EAOI IAI Oe?aeiu.–1998.– Aui.
7.–C. 45–49.

3. I aeeyiee ciaea iiethnia iaaieoiuo nenoai aeae?inaia?aoi?ia ia
yooaeoeaiinoue iaiaauaiey enoiaeiie aeaeaciie ?oaeu e i?iii?iaeoeoa /
A.O. Aaaeaaia, A.A. Caiei, A.N. E?anoey, A.I. Ia?ouiaiei, N.I. Oa?ai //
Aea?aoeee a oaoieea e oaoiieiaeyo.–Na.iao/.o?.IAA Oe?aeiu.–1998, ?
4(8).–C. 41 – 42.

4. Ioe?uoea ? 72 «Caeiiiia?iinoue ?acaeaeaiey /anoeoe eciaeue/aiiie
aeaeaciie ?oaeu a oieii?iaiaeyueo aeeaeeinoyo» / A.A. *oiaeia, A.I.
Ia?ouiaiei, A.O. Aaaeaaia, A.A. Eociaoeia, N.I. Oa?ai, A.A. Caiei, A.N.
E?anoey, A.E. Oeaeeianeee (Oe?aeia); Aeaaeaiey anoanoaaiiuo iaoe
?innee, Iaaeaeoia?iaeiay Annioeeaoeey aaoi?ia iao/iuo ioe?uoee,
Annioeeaoeey aaoi?ia iao/iuo ioe?uoee Oe?aeiu; I. – Aeiai?iiao?iane –
Eiiniiieuene; Ca?aa. 20.05.98; I?ei?eoao 05.04.89. – 56 n.

5. A.n. 1666181 NNN?, IEE A 03 n 1/00. Niinia iaiaauaiey
oiieiae?aieaiiuo iaaiaoeoiauo aeaeaciuo ?oae / A.A. *oiaeia, A.N.
E?anoey, N.I. Oa?ai, A.A. Caiei, I.I. Caaoaeaaoueei, A.A. Oa?eoiiiaa
(NNN?). — ? 4701053; Cayaeaii 18.04.89; Iioae. 30.07.91, Athe. ? 28.

AIIOAOe?ss

Cai?i A.I. Iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a ?icaaeoaeaieo iaai?oieo nenoai aeey
oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano a?ae?inaia?aoe?? cae?cieo ?oae.- ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiae?aeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.15.11 — “O?ce/i? i?ioeane a??ie/iai
ae?iaieoeoaa”. ?inoeooo aaioaoi?/ii? iaoai?ee IAI Oe?a?ie,
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

A aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy a?ae?inaia?aoe??
iaaiaoeoiaeo cae?cieo ?oae o iecueeiiai?oaeaieo (aei 100 eA/i) iaai?oieo
iieyo. Cai?iiiiiaai? iaaieoi? nenoaie, aeeiiai? ia iniia? oa??oiaa???aeo
ieeoie iino?eieo iaai?o?a (25-35 eA/i) o aeaeyae? i?inoi?iai-iioe?aieo
eiino?oeoe?e caio?aieo o o?ei a?ae?inaia?aoi??a. ?ic?iaeai? iiaeae?
aeaiaioa?ieo iaai?oieo eii??ie nenoai, ia aac? yeeo aeeiiai? ?ic?aooiee
ia‘?iieo no?oeoo? iaai?oieo iie?a aeey iaai?oieo nenoai c ??ciiiai?oiith
aaiiao???th oa iaai?oiith i???ioaoe??th eiino?oeoeaieo aeaiaio?a.
Cai?iiiiiaai? aeai?eoi ? i?ia?aia ?ic?aooie?a. Anoaiiaeai? caeaaeiino?
oaoiieia?/ieo iieaciee?a a?ae?inaia?aoe?? a?ae oa?aeoa?enoee iaaieoieo
nenoai aeey a?ae?inaia?aoi??a aeaio oei?a: c ia?aaaaeii ai?eciioaeueieie
oa ia?aaaaeii aa?oeeaeueieie oa/?yie. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaeiiiiethniaa
iaai?oia i???ioaoe?y ieanoei nenoai a ?iai/eo u?eeiao. Ia aac? iaai?oieo
a?ae?inaia?aoi??a ?ac?iaeaia iiaa oaoiieia?y c aeeeth/aiiyi c
o?aaeeoe?eieo noai caaaa/aiiy iaaiaoeoiaeo cae?cieo ?oae iia?aoe??
iaaieoii? naia?aoe?? i?ney ia?oiai nooiaiy iiae??aeaiiy. Iiao
oaoiieia?th ai?iaaaeaeaii ia iaio caaaa/oaaeueieo oaa?eeao (14 naeoe?e)
AAO “Iieoaanueeee ACE”. Ii/eiath/e c 1996 ?ieo, oea aeicaiey?
iaea?aeoaaoe ?aaeueiee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo, cie?aia ca ?aooiie i?aeaeuaiiy
yeino? eiioeaio?ao?a oa ciaioaiiy aeeo/aiiy iaoaeo o a?aeoiaee
caaaa/aiiy.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: a?ae?inaia?aoe?ei? i?ioeane, iino?ei? iaai?oe,
i?inoi?iai-?icianai? iaai?oi? nenoaie, iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaethaaiiy,
cae?ci?oaeiee eiioeaio?ao.

AIIIOAOeEss

Caiei A. A. Iainiiaaiea ia?aiao?ia ?acaaoaeaiiuo iaaieoiuo nenoai aeey
niaa?oainoaiaaiey i?ioeanna aeae?inaia?aoeee aeaeaciuo ?oae.-?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.15.11 — “Oece/aneea i?ioeannu ai?iiai
i?iecaiaenoaa”. Einoeooo aaioaoie/aneie iaoaieee IAI Oe?aeiu,
Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

I?aaenoaaeaiu ?acoeueoaou enneaaeiaaiee i?ioeanna aeae?inaia?aoeee
iaaiaoeoiauo aeaeaci?oaeiuo ioeuei n iaeiaeaieai iaaieoiuo iieae
oa??eoiaa?eaauo iinoiyiiuo iaaieoia. Oeaeueth ?aaiou yaeyaony iiauoaiea
oaoiieiae/aneeo iieacaoaeae iaiaauaiey ca n/ao niaa?oainoaiaaiey
i?ioeanna aeae?inaia?aoeee ia iniiaa i?eiaiaiey ieceiiai?yaeaiiuo
iaaieoiuo iieae iooai auai?a e iainiiaaiey ia?aiao?ia iaaieoiuo nenoai
aeey eioaineoeeaoeee naia?aoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia. Eaeay ?aaiou —
eniieueciaaiea iia?oaeaiiuo iaaieoiuo iiaa?oiinoae a aeae?inaia?aoi?ao
aeey oi?ie?iaaiey ianniiioieia e eioaineoeeaoeee ?acaeaeaiey.

Iao/iay iiaecia iieo/aiiuo ?acoeueoaoia caeeth/aaony a aeaeueiaeoai
?acaeoee i?aaenoaaeaiee i iaoaiecia i?ioeanna ?acaeaeaiey oiieeo
aeaeaci?oaeiuo ioeuei aaeece iaiaaie/aiiuo iiaa?oiinoae; a ?ac?aaioea
aaeaeaaoiuo iaoaiaoe/aneeo iiaeaee aeey ?an/aoa iauaiiuo no?oeoo?
?ani?aaeaeaiey iai?yaeaiiinoe e iaaieoiuo nee a iaaieoiuo nenoaiao
neiaeiie eiiiaiiaee e aaiiao?ee ia aaca iinoiyiiuo iaaieoia n o/aoii
iiey?iinoe aaeeie/iuo iaaieoiuo yeaiaioia; a onoaiiaeaiee iaaieoiuo
oa?aeoa?enoee iaaieoiuo nenoai ec aeaoonoi?iiia-iaiaaie/aiiuo
iiaa?oiinoae, /oi iicaieeei noi?ioee?iaaoue iao/ii iainiiaaiiua
o?aaiaaiey e eo aaiiao?ee e eiiiiiiaea iiey?iinoe aeey inouanoaeaiey
naia?aoeeiiiuo i?ioeannia a ai?eciioaeueiuo e aa?oeeaeueiuo
noaoeeiia?iuo iioieao aeaeaci?oaeiuo ioeuei; a ii?aaeaeaiee caaeneiinoae
oaoiieiae/aneeo iieacaoaeae aeae?inaia?aoeee iaaiaoeoiauo aeaeaciuo ?oae
io ia?aiao?ia e oa?aeoa?enoee iia?oaeaiiuo iaaieoiuo nenoai aeey
oaoiieiaee iaaieoiie eeanneoeeaoeee e iaaieoiie aeae?inaia?aoeee e
?ac?aaioea ia eo iniiaa iiaie oaoiieiaee iaiaauaiey.

I?aeoe/aneia cia/aiea caeeth/aaony a oii, /oi ia o?iaia ioe?uoey e
ecia?aoaiee ?ac?aaioaiu niiniau iaiaauaiey oiieiae?aieaiiuo iaaiaoeoiauo
?oae, a oaeaea iaaieoiua nenoaiu oaoiieiae/aneiai iai?oaeiaaiey aeey
?aaeecaoeee niiniaia; ?ac?aaioaiu aeai?eoi e i?ia?aiiu eiaeaia?iuo
?an/aoia iieaauo e neeiauo oa?aeoa?enoee i?ino?ainoaaiii-?acaaoaeaiiuo
iaaieoiuo nenoai ia iniiaa iinoiyiiuo iaaieoia n o/aoii eo iaaieoiie
i?eaioaoeee; ?ac?aaioai oaoiieiae/aneee ?aaeaiaio iiaie noaiu iaiaauaiey
?oaeu, eneeth/athuee ia?aoth noaaeeth iie?ie iaaieoiie naia?aoeee e
eniieuecothuee i?ioeann aeae?inaia?aoeee aeaeaci?oaeiuo ioeuei a iiea
i?ino?ainoaaiii-?acaaoaeaiiuo iaaieoiuo nenoai. Iiaay oaoiieiaey n 1996
a. eniieuecoaony ia iaiaaoeoaeueiuo oaa?eeao ? 1 e ? 2 (anaai 14
naeoeee) IAI “Iieoaaneee AIE”. Oaeoe/aneee yeiiiie/aneee yooaeo ca 1997
a. ninoaaee 4,2 iei.a?i. (2,1 iei.o.a.). Oaoiieiaey e iai?oaeiaaiea
iaaieoiie aeae?inaia?aoeee aiaae?ythony ia AI “Oeaio?aeueiue AIE”
(Oe?aeia) e AI “Ieoaeeianeee AIE” (?inney). Ii oaia aeenna?oaoeeiiiie
?aaiou eiaaony 13 ioaeeeaoeee, a oii /enea 1 iao/iia ioe?uoea e 4
iaoaioa. Aeenna?oaoeey ninoieo ec aaaaeaiey, iyoe ?acaeaeia,
caeeth/aiey, i?eeiaeaiee e aeeth/aao 109 no?aieoe iaoeiiieniiai oaenoa,
45 ?enoieia, 10 oaaeeoe, 4 i?eeiaeaiey e nienie eeoa?aoo?iuo enoi/ieeia
ec 102 iaeiaiiaaiee.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: aeae?inaia?aoeeiiiua i?ioeannu, iinoiyiiua iaaieou,
i?ino?ainoaaiii-?acaaoaeaiiua iaaieoiua nenoaiu, aeaeaci?oaeiue
eiioeaio?ao.

ANNOTATION

Zenin V.A. Basis of extended magnetic systems parameters for improvement
of the iron ore hydro-separation process.

This Dissertation shows research results of the iron ore
hydro-separation process with low-level magnetic fields utilisation (up
to 100 kA/m). Offered magnetic systems are based on ferro-barite cells
of constant magnets (25-35 kA/m), and look like extended constructions
inculcated into hydro-separator’s body. Models of elementary magnetic
system’s cells were made, and calculations of volume magnetic field
structures, having various geometry and magnetic orientation of cells,
were made based on these models. Algorithm and program of the
calculations are offered Dependence of hydro-separation technological
characteristics on magnetic systems characteristics was examined for two
types of hydro-separator: horizontal and vertical. Single-polar
magnetic orientation of the cells was offered. New technology, based on
magnetic separators, using magnetic separation after 1st separation
stage was created. This technology was tested at both Factories ? 1 and
? 2 (total 14 sections) OAO “Poltavsky GOK” starting from 1996. The real
economical effect was proved.

Key words: hydro-separation processes, constant magnets, extended
magnetic systems, mathematical model, iron-ore concentrate.

Похожие записи