I?I?NOA?NOAI INA?OE OE?A?IE

IAOe?IIAEUeIA A??IE*A AEAAeAI?ss OE?A?IE

I?EAOeUeEEE Aieiaeeie? Aai?a?eiae/

OAeE 622.647.2

IAA?OIOOAAIIss ?INO?OIAIOAEUeIIAI Ae?AAIINOOAAIIss OAOI?*IIAI NOAIO
OAOOIEO NO??*EIAEO EIIAA???A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue: 05.05.06 — «A??ie/? iaoeie»

AAOI?AOA?AO

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Aei?i?iiao?ianuee – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie I?i?noa?noaa
ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? A?E?*AIEI Ieeiea
sseiae/, Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a? aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? eaoaae?e
?oaeieeiaiai

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? IACA?AIEI
Aieiaeeie? Ieoaeeiae/, E?eai??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e ?ioi?iaoeee, aaoiiaoeee ? nenoai oi?aae?iiy.

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio AOAe?OAANUeEEE Aieiaeeie?
Ieaenaiae?iae/, Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e a??ie/i-caaiaenueeiai o?ainii?oo ? eia?noeee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee
i?iaeoii-eiino?oeoi?nueeee ? aenia?eiaioaeueiee ?inoeooo eiiieaenii?
iaoai?caoe?? oaoo I?i?noa?noaa aoa?eueii? i?iieneiaino? Oe?a?ie (i.
Aeiiaoeuee).

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 27 » aeiaoiy 1999 ?. i 1400 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee

Ae 08.080.06 i?e Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (49027, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee-27, i?ini. E.Ia?ena, 19).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueii?

a??ie/i? aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie ca aae?anith: 49027, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee-27,

i?ini. E. Ia?ena, 19.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 25 » aa?aniy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, eaiae. oaoi. iaoe,

no. iaoe. ni?a?ia. I.A.Aioeeoa?ia

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Inoaii?i /anii o ??cieo aaeocyo i?iieneiaino? aeey
o?ainii?ooaaiiy neieeo aaioaae?a oe?iei canoiniaothoueny no??/eia?
eiiaa??e. Iniaeeai aaeeea ?oiy ?ieue o a??ie/?e i?iieneiaino?, cie?aia,
– ia aoa?eueieo oaooao. Noia?ia i?ioyaei?noue eiiaa???a o
ai?eciioaeueieo ? iioeeeo ae?iaeao aoa?eueieo oaoo Oe?a?ie aeinyaa? 2000
ei. I?aoeththoue eiiaa??e c aeei?enoaiiyi aenieii?oeie? no??/ie
caaaeiaaeee aei 600-700 i, iaae?athoue iioe?aiiy a?o/eciyi? eiiaa??e
oeii?ici??iiai ?yaeo c iie?ioaieie aenieoaoaoe?eieie yeinoyie.

Canoinoaaiiy eiiaa??iiai o?ainii?oo ia aoa?eueieo oaooao, c?inoaiiy
i?oeiino? no??/ee ? iia’ycaia c oeei ca?eueoaiiy aeiaaeeie,
i?iaeoeoeaiino? eiiaa???a oa iiooaeiino? i?eaiae?a noaaeyoue ia?aae
aenieoaoaoe?eieeaie (neoaeaith caaacia/aiiy ?o aacia?aa?eii? ?iaioe
ianaiia?aae) ieceo iiaeo aeooaeueieo caaaeaiue, ui aeieeathoue o ca’yceo
?c ca?eueoaiiyi iaoyao no??/ee, oeneo no??/ee ia aa?aaaie, iii?o
ia?ai?uaiith no??/ee ii ?ieeeao, caooeaoaaiiy ieaei?o oa caeeeithaaiiy
aa?oi?o ?ieeeiiii?, iiooaeiino? i?eaiae?a, aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? oiui.
Ia iniaeeaiio i?noe? – caaaeaiiy nai?/aniiai aeyao iiaeeeaeo i?e/ei
aeieeiaiiy iani?aaiinoae ia no??/eiaeo eiiaa??ao.

Ca aeaieie IAe?AN, i?ae /an aenieoaoaoe?? no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a
iaiieaaeee iae/ano?oa niinoa??aathoueny ia eiiaa??iiio iinoaa? (i?iaiie
aai eaiaoe, ?ieeeiiii?e) oa iaoyaeieo noaioe?yo ? neeaaeathoue 83,2%
a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino? oaeeo ?iceaae?a, i?e/iio 46,3 % i?eiaaea? ia
caeeeithaaiiy oa caooeaoaaiiy ?ieee?a, 26,3 % – ia caooeaoaaiiy
iaoyaeieo aa?aaai?a, 10,6 % – ia ia?aeine ? oa?oy no??/ee ia e??ieaiiy
oa iii?e. A/ania aeyaeaiiy iaiieaaeie ua ia ?aii?e noaae?? ii?ooaiiy
oaoi?/iiai noaio eiiaa??a – iaeia c iniiaieo aeiia ae?aaiinooaaiiy,
cia/aiiy yeiai c?inoa?. Oea aeanoue ciiao aaeeoe iaiao?aeieo caoiae?a
a?aeiinii onoiaiiy an?eyeeo iioeiaeaeaiue, ui iia??oothoue oaoi?/iee
noai eiiaa??a, a oaeiae iae?aneeoe ieaie ?aiiio?a, ia aeiionoeoe
iaaaaeaieo iane?aee?a, oiui.

Ia aeaeue, nueiaiaei? ae?aaiinooaaiiy noaio eiiaa???a a?aeaoaa?oueny
i?aeoe/ii aac ?ino?oiaio?a, ?ioo?oeaii, a?o/io, iieeaaeath/enue ia
aeina?ae ianeoaiaoth/iai ia?niiaeo.

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa i?enay/aia ?icoe?aiith iiaeeeainoae
?ino?oiaioaeueii? ae?aaiinoeee oaoi?/iiai noaio no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a ?
oiio – aeooaeueia. Ia /an? noai?aiiy ?aaeueieo ia?aaeoiia aeey
oi?ioaaiiy iaoiaeeee ?ino?oiaioaeueii? ae?aaiinoeee e iniiaieo
ia?aiao??a oeo cania?a, ui iathoue aooe aeei?enoai? o ae?iaieoeoa?.

Iaoa ?iaioe:

a) aeine?aeaeaiiy i?ioeano iaa??aaiiy no??/ee, ?ieee?a, aa?aaai?a i?e
caooeaoaaii?, ca?eueoaii? iii?o iaa?oaiith, i?iaoeniaoaaii?, aeey
aecia/aiiy aaee-/ei, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaa??aaiiy, oa iiaeeeaino? ?o
aeei?enoaiiy o ae?aaiinoeoe?;

a) iaoeiaa a?aoiaiooaaiiy canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aei???a iiooaeiino?
aeaeaoi?a oieinoiai oiaeo aeey ae?aaiinoeee.

?aeay ?iaioe iieyaa? o iaa?oiooaaii? iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy
oaiia?aoo?ieo ieyi ia no??/oe?, ui ooai?eeeny i?ae /an eiio?ieueii?
coieiee ? ioneo eiiaa??a, a oaeiae ?acoeueoao?a aei??o iiooaeiino?
aeaeaoi?a i?eaiae?a ye iin??a ?ioi?iaoe?? aeey ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio no??/eiaiai eiiaa??a.

Caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy:

• onoaiiaeoe cia/aiiy aaee/ei, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaa??aaiiy aa?oiueiai
caeeeiaiiai ? ieaeiueiai caooeaiaaiiai aai caeeeiaiiai ?ieeea, a oaeiae
?c ca?eueoaiei iii?ii iaa?oaiith ?ieee?a i?ae /an oa?oy ia ieo ?ooiii?
no??/ee oa i?e ?? i?iaoeniaoaaii? ia aa?aaai?;

• onoaiiaeoe cia/aiiy aaee/ei, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaa??aaiiy no??/ee ia
iaa??oee ?ieee c ?? coieieith, aecia/eoe oi?io, ?ici??e ? oaiia?aoo?o
oaieiai? ieyie;

• aecia/eoe caeiiii??i?noue ioieiaeaeaiiy oaieiai? ieyie ia ?ooii?e
no??/-oe?;

• ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio eiiaa??a ca
?acoeueoaoaie aei??o iiooaeiinoae aeaeaoi?a i?eaiaea ia oieinoiio oiaeo.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy:

aiae?oe/iee, ui ia?aaeaa/a? aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a /enaeueieo ??oaiue ia
IAII a?aeiieo caaea/ oaieiia?aaea/? ca i?aeaioiaeaieie aaoi?ii
aeo?aeieie aea-ieie, ioe?ieo, ii??aiyiiy, a?ao?/ia cia?aaeaiiy e iien
?acoeueoao?a;

aenia?eiaioaeueiee, yeee caiaeeoueny aei iinoaiiaee oa i?iaaaeaiiy
aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue o eaai?aoi?ieo ? oaooieo oiiaao aeey
ii??aiyiiy ?a-coeueoao?a c io?eiaieie i?e ae??oaii? caaea/ aiae?oe/iei
oeyoii.

Iniiai? iaoeia? iieiaeaiiy.

Oaieiaee iio?e a?ae oa?oy eiacaiiy i?ae /an ?ooo oieinoi? a?oee
eiiaa??ii? no??/ee ii ieaeiueiio caooeaiaaiiio aoa?eueiei ooeaii ?ieeeo
iaa??aa? eiai oae, ui oaiia?aoo?a iiaa?oi? a cii? eiacaiiy
ca?eueoo?oueny ?c caoooath/ith c /anii ?ioaineai?noth ?, caeaaeii a?ae
aaae no??/ee, ui i?eiaaea? ia ?ieee, oa ?? oaeaeeino?, /a?ac 30-60 oa
noaa?e?co?oueny i?e aaee/ei? 70-150°N.

Aiaeia?/iee i?ioean a?aeaoaa?oueny ? i?ae /an ?ooo no??/ee ii aa?oiueiio
caeeeiaiiio ?ieeeo, aea /a?ac a?eueo? (a 2-3 ?ace) iaaaioaaeaiiy ia
?ieee oa ?io? oiiae ioieiaeaeaiiy – ca 60–90 oa. Iaeneiaeueia
oaiia?aoo?a c?inoa? i?iii?oe?eii iaaaioaaeaiith ia ?ieee (no??/ea ?
aaioaae) ? iiaea aeinyaaoe 300–400°N. Ua aeua oaiia?aoo?a iiaeeeaa i?e
caeeeithaaii? a?aeoeeyth/eo aa?aaai?a aai i?iaoeniaoaaii? no??/ee ia
i?eaiaeieo aa?aaaiao.

?oo no??/ee ii ?ieeeo, yeee ia? i?aeaeuaiee ii?? iaa?oaiith aae aei
naii? coieiee, noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny iaa??aaiiyi, i?e/iio iaeneiaeueia
onoaeaia oaiia?aoo?a ?ieeea ia ia?aaeuo? oaei?, ye i?e caooeaoaaii? aai
caeeeithaaii? ?, aiaeia?/ii iiia?aaei?i aeiaaeeai, noa? ?ioi?iaoe??th
i?e ?ino?oiaioaeueiiio ae?aaiinooaaii? oaoi?/iiai noaio eiiaa??a.

Eiio?ieueia (aeniiceoe?eia) coieiea eiiaa??a ia 5-7 oa. Aeinoaoiy aeey
iaa??aaiiy no??/ee a i?noeyo ?? aeioeeo c iaa??oeie ?ieeeaie aai
aa?aaaiaie (noai?aiiy oaieiaeo ieyi, oiaoi iin??a ?ioi?iaoe??) aei
iaeneiaeueii? oaiia?aoo?e, yea iaioa ii/aoeiai? ia 5-10°N; i?e
ca?eueoaii? /ano aeniiceoe?? oaiia?aoo?a no??/ee ? ?ieeea ciaioo?oueny c
?ioaineai?noth, ui caeaaeeoue a?ae aaee/eie ii-/aoeiai? oaiia?aoo?e ?
oiia ioieiaeaeaiiy.

I?ney caioneo eiiaa??a, yeiio ia?aaeo? eiio?ieueia (aeniiceoe?eia)
coieiea, oaieia? ieyie ia no??/oe? ioieiaeaeothoueny caaaeyee
iaaeieeoiueiio na?aaeiaeuo oa a?ae eiioaeo?a c eiaeiei ianooiiei
iaiaa??oei ?ieeeii, oaiia?aoo?a ieyi ciaioo?oueny ca aeniiiaioe?iei
caeiiii aea i?ioyaii iaaiiai /ano caa??aa?oueny iiaeeea?noue aei??thaaoe
aaceiioaeoiei aai eiioaeoiei aeao/eeii ?o ?ioaineai?noue oa /an ?ooo
eiai aei aeao/eea, ui, c o?aooaaiiyi oaeaeeino? no??/ee, aea?
iiaeeea?noue niaoe?aeueiith nenoaiith ?ici?ciaaaiiy aecia/eoe aae?ano
(i?noea iieiaeaiiy) iaa??oiai ?ieeea oa nooi?iue iaa??aaiiy,
iaeneiaeueia aeiaaeeia oeyoo ia?anoaaiiy eiaeii? oaieiai? ieyie
aecia/a?oueny aaee/eiith ?? ii/aoeiai? oaiia?aoo?e oa oaeaeeino?
no??/ee.

?acoeueoaoe aei??o iiooaeiino? oieinoiai oiaeo eiiaa??a c oaiaeai
i?eaiaeii aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe ?iciiae?e iiooaeiino? i?ae
i?eaiaeaie i?e iii?iaeueiiio iaaaioaaeaii? oa ?ic?iaeyoe caoiaee
ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy aai aecia/aoe ciaioaio (a?aie/io)
i?iaeoeoeai?noue eiiaa??a, uia oieeaoe iieiiie aeaeaoi?a. Aiaeia?/i?
?acoeueoaoe aei???a oa ?o ii??aiyiiy i?e aoaeue-yeiio i?eaiae?
neoaothoue ?ioi?iaoe??th aeey ioe?iee noaio ?ieeeiiii? eiiaa??a (iii?o
iaa?oaiith ?ieee?a).

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a:

i?aenoiee /enaeueieo ??oaiue ia IAII a?aeiieo aiae?oe/ieo ae?ac?a, ui
iienothoue oaieiia?aaea/o a caaeaieo oiiaao oaooe (?acoeueoaoe iiaeaii o
aeaeyae? a?ao?e?a, aeaii ?oi? iiene aeey aeei?enoaiiy i?e
ae?aaiinoeoe?);

i?aenoiee aeeiiaieo o eaai?aoi?ieo oa oaooieo oiiaao aenia?eiaio?a ii
anoaiiaeaiith oaiia?aoo?e iaa?oiaiai ?ieeea c i?aeaeuaiei iii?ii
iaa?oaiith, aecia/aiith ia?aiao??a oaieiai? ieyie ia no??/oe?;

aiae?oe/ia caeaaei?noue ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e oaieiai? ieyie ia ?ooii?e
no??/oe? a?ae ?? oaeaeeino? oa aeiaaeeie oeyoo ia?anoaaiiy;

caeaaei?noue aeey ei?eaoaaiiy ?iciiae?eo iiooaeiinoae aeaeaoi?a, ui
i?aoeththoue c iii?iaeueiei iaaaioaaeaiiyi eiiaa??a ca ?acoeueoaoaie
aei???a iiooaeiinoae ia oieinoiio oiaeo;

iaa?oiooaaiiy iiaeeeaino? oa oeyo?a cae?eniaiiy ae?aaiinoeee no??/eiaiai
eiiaa??a ca aeiiiiiaith ?ino?oiaioaeueieo aei???a aeey anoaiiaeaiiy eiai
oaoi?/iiai noaio.

Iaoeiaa ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a.

Iaoeiaa cia/aiiy – o aecia/aii? aaee/ei oaiia?aoo?e oa ?? ci?ie
(iaa??aaiiy) i?e iaiieaaeeao ia eiiaa??? oa a iai/iiio cia?aaeaii? o
aeaeyae? a?ao?e?a ? aiae?oe/ieo caeaaeiinoae noo? oa aca?iica’yceo
aaee/ei iniiaieo ia?aiao??a, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue oaoi?/iee noai
aeaiaio?a eiiaa??a ? aeey ei?enooaa/a ? aeo?aeieie i?e ae?aaiinoeoe?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy: iiaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy o aeaeyae?
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e aeey aeei?enoaiiy i?e ae?aaiinoeoe? oa oi?ioaaii? aeiia
aei oaoi?/iiai caaaeaiiy i?ae /an noai?aiiy aei??thaaeueii?
ae?aaiinoe/ii? aia?aoo?e, a oaeiae aeey canoinoaaiiy ia i?aeoeoe?
niaoe?ae?ciaaieie iaeaaiaeaeoaaeueieie i?aai?caoe?yie; iiaeaii iai?yiie
c ?aaoethaaiiy caaaioaaeaiiy aeaeaoi?a.

A??ia?aei?noue io?eiaieo o ?iaio? i?aenoie?a caaacia/o?oueny ei?aeoiei
canoinoaaiiyi aeeiiaieo ?ai?oa ?ica’yce?a ??aiyiue oaieiia?aaea/?,
aeiaaaeaieo aei aeaeyaeo, ca yeiai iiaeeeaa /eneiaa ??oaiiy ia IAII,
iaea?aeaiiyi ia noia?a/ieo iaeei iaeiiio ?acoeueoao?a /enaeueieo
ae??oaiue, aeinoaoi?i aeey i?aeoe/ieo oe?eae ca?aii ?acoeueoao?a
?ic?aooie?a c aeyaeaieie i?ae /an aenia?eiaio?a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??: iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ?iaioe
iaaiai?ai? e iaea?aeaee noaaeaiiy ia can?aeaiiyo aenia?oii-oaoi?/ii?
?aaee AAO «Aaoiiaoai?iao» (i. Aeiiaoeuee, 1997); ANO Aeiiaoeueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo, 1997; o Iaoeiai-aeine?aeiiio
?inoeooo? a??ie/i? iaoai?ee ?i. I.I.Oaaei?iaa IAI Oe?a?ie (i. Ee?a,
1998); o eaai?aoi??? eiiaa??iiai o?ainii?oo Aeiiae?i?iaoaeaiaoo (i.
Aeiiaoeuee, 1998); ia can?aeaii? oao?aaee o?anoo
«Aeiiaoeueeaoaeaaaoiiaoeea», 1997; ia i?aeia?iaei?e eiioa?aioe??
«No/ani? oeyoe ?icaeoeo o?ainii?oieo iaoei» o Iaoe?iiaeuei?e a??ie/?e
aeaaeai?? Oe?a?ie (i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1997).

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa?: o aaeineiiaeaii? oaoi?/iiai
ae?aaiinooaaiiy noaio no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a /a?ac aeei?enoaiiy ?o
iaa??oeo oa?oyi aeaiaio?a; anoaiiaeaii? ?ic?aooieaie oa aenia?eiaioaie
cia/aiue oaiia?aoo? oaieiaeo ieyi ia no??/oe? aeey ioe?iee iiaeeeaino?
?o aeei?enoaiiy a ?ino?oiaioaeueiiio ae?aaiinooaaii?; a ?ic?iaoe?
iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aei???a iiooaeiino? aeaeaoi?a
oaiaeai i?eaiaea i?e oieinoiio oiae? aeey ?aaoethaaiiy ?iciiae?eo ?o
caa?ocee.

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 5
iaoeiaeo i?aoeyo, an? – o iaoeiaeo oaoiaeo aeaeaiiyo.

No?oeoo?a oa ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa caaaeueiei
ianyaii 154 n. neeaaea?oueny c anooio, 4 ?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a oa 38
?enoie?a (104 noi?.), a oaeiae nieneo e?oa?aoo?e ?c 46 iaca, 5
aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO ?IAIOE

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? noenei iienaiee aeina?ae canoinoaaiiy no??/eiaeo
eiiaa???a ia aoa?eueieo oaooao Oe?a?ie, a?aecia/aii c?ineee ??aaiue
eiiaa??e-caoe?? oaoo, ia?a?aoiaai? iniiai? o?oaeiiu? i?e aenieoaoaoe??
eiiaa???a oa i?e/eie ?o aeieeiaiiy. Aeae?eaii, ui ?c c?inoaiiyi
iiooaeiino? i?eaiaea ? aeiaaeeie eiiaa??a i?aeaeuo?oueny ieoiiee oene
no??/ee ia aa?aaaie, ?ieeee, e?i?eio /anoeio, ca?eueoo?oueny
?iia??i?noue aaa??eieo neooaoe?e, ye? i?ecaiaeyoue aei ia?aaaioaaeaiue
aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a oa aeieeiaiiy iaaacia/ieo oaieiaeo ina?aaee?a.
Iaaaaeai? oeeo?e IAe?AN i?i iiaeaae? oa aaa??? ca inoaii? 10-15 ?ie?a.

Iniaeeao oaaao caa?iaii ia iecueeee ??aaiue ae?aaiinooaaiiy noaio
eiiaa???a, ui a?aeaoaa?oueny ia?aaaaeii a?coaeueii.

Iaeia c aieiaieo caaaeaiue ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio no??/eiaeo
eiiaa???a – aecia/aiiy iayaiino? ? i?noeaciaoiaeaeaiiy ia iinoaa?
c?iniaaieo ?ieee?a, aeyaeaiiy i?iaoeniaoaaiiy no??/ee ia i?eaiaeieo
aa?aaaiao ca aeiiiiiaith iin?y ?ioi?iaoe?? – oaieiai? ieyie ia no??/oe?
oa niaoe?aeueieo aeao/ee?a.

A?aeiiee aianie o ae??oaiiy i?iaeaie ae?aaiinooaaiiy c?iaeee: I.?.
Eicethe, TH.I. Ia?eiae/, A.O. Aieaeia?i, A.A. Iaia?a, A.E. Aaeyanueeee,
E.?.Eai?i, A.I. Eyuaiei. ?iaioe oeeo aaoi??a i?enay/ai? ieoaiiyi
i?aeaeuaiiy iiaeaaeiaaciaee oaooieo eiiaa???a, oai?aoe/iei oa
aenia?eiaioaeueiei aeine?aeaeaiiyi, iaa??aaiiy nenoaie “no??/ee –
oooa??aea” i?eaiaeiiai aa?aaaia, aea/aiiy oaieiaiai i?ioeano i?ae /an
oa?oy no??/ee ia caeeeiaiee ?ieee. Iacaaaeath/e ia cia/iee ianya
iaaaaeaieo aeine?aeaeaiue, caeeoathoueny iaae??oaieie ieoaiiy
anoaiiaeaiiy caeiiii??iinoae iaa??aaiiy aeaoaeoieo ?ieee?a, aecia/aiiy
oai-ia?aoo?ieo iie?a ia no??/oe? i?e ?? eiioaeo? c aeaiaioaie eiiaa??a,
a oaeiae (iniaeeai) iiaeeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy iaa??aaiiy aeaiaio?a aeey
ae?aaiinoeee oaoi?/iiai noaio i?eno?ith.

Iniiae oai??? oa ?ic?aooieo no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a, aeei?enoai? a
aeena?oaoe??, aeeeaaeai? a ?iaioao I.I. Ni?aaeianueeiai, E.A.
Oaoiaenoa?a, A.I. Eociaoeiaa, A.I. Ae/ea?ia, A.A. Aeieo???aa.

Ca?ac e?euee?nieo iciae aeey ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai eiio?ieth noaio aoce?a
no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a iaaeinoaoiuei. Oey ianoaaeia ia aeicaiey? aecia/aoe
oaoi?/iee noai onoaoeoaaiiy ? ia oe?e aac? aoaeoaaoe i?neyiaeyaeiao
no?aoaa?th ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa ?aiiioo.

Aiae?c i?e/ei, ui aeeeeeathoue a?aeiiae ? iiaeaae? ia no??/eiaeo
eiiaa??ao aoa?eueieo oaoo, aeathoue ciiao c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i
iaiao?aei?noue ?ic?iaee oa noai?aiiy iaoiae?a eiio?ieth e aia?aoo?e aeey
ae?aaiinooaaiiy noaio aeaiaio?a no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a. Ca?ac ona
??ciiiai?ooy iia?aoe?e i?e ianeoaiaoaaii? oa ?aiiio? i?aecaiieo
no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a aaco?oueny ia a?aeiinii iaaaeeeiio ia?ae?eo
ae?aaiinoe/ieo ae?e uiaei eiio?ieth noaio aeaiaio?a ?o eiino?oeoe??
(oaaeeoey 1). Aeeth/ai? 4 iniiai? aocee no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a, oaoi?/iee
noai yeeo eiio?ieth?oueny. Iei? ae?aaiinooaaiiy noaio a?aeaoaa?oueny
i?aeoe/ii aac aoaeue-yeeo i?eeaae?a aai iaoiaeee. Oea i?aeoaa?aeaeo?
iaiao?aei?noue iaoeiaiai i?aeoiaeo aei ieoaiue ?ic?iaee oa canoinoaaiiy
?ino?oiaioaeueieo iaoiae?a aei??thaaiiy ia?aiao??a, ui oa?aeoa?ecoaaoeia
oaoi?/iee noai eiiaa??a, ni?eyoeia i?aeaeuaiith ??aiy ianeoaiaoaaiiy i?e
aenieoaoaoe?? ?, a?aoo?, – aeanoue aoaeoeai?o? ?acoeueoaoe i?ae /an
o?ainii?ooaaiiy aaioaae?a ia oaooao.

A ?aaio? iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee canoinoaaiiy a?o/eciyieo oa caei?aeiiieo
i?eno?i?a aeey ??cieo eieaeueieo ?ino?oiaioaeueieo aei??thaaiue, ye?
caiaeii iiaeia aeei?enooe a ae?aaiinoeoe?, ? aeaia ioe?iea ia?aaaaai oa
iaaeie?eai, /a?ac ye? oe? i?eno?i? aein? ia aeei?enoai?.

Aieiaia caaaeaiiy ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio eiiaa??a, ui
coi?ioeueiaaii a aeena?oaoe?? – aecia/aiiy iayaiino? aeaoaeoieo
(caooeaiaaieo, caeeeiaieo ? iaa?oiaeo c aaeeeei iii?ii) ?ieee?a oa ?oi?
iieiaeaiiy ia iinoaa?, a oaeiae ?nioaaiiy ?ioaineaiiai i?iaoeniaoaaiiy
no??/ee ia i?eaiae? ? caooeaoaaiiy iaaaaeo/eo aa?aaai?a. Ie?aia
caaaeaiiy – aeei?enoaiiy aeey ae?aaiinoeee ?acoeueoao?a aei???a
iiooaeiino? i?eaiaea oieinoiai oiaeo eiiaa??a.

Oaaeeoey

Nenoaia ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai ianeoaiaoaaiiy oaooieo no??/eiaeo
eiiaa???a

Aeaiaio eiino?oeoe?? eiiaa??a Eiio?ieueiaaiee ia?aiao?, iciaea, noai
Ae?th/ee i?iiiiiaaiee niin?a eiio?ieth ia?aiao?a, iciaee

I?eaiaeia noaioe?y I?iaoeniaoaaiiy i?eaiaeieo aa?a-aai?a (A)

Oaiia?aoo?a ?aaeoeoi?a aeaeaoia i?aeoeiiee?a, aa?aaai?a (A)

Aeo?eaiiy ie?? (A)

??aaiue ooio, a?a?aoe?? (A)

Caooeaoaaiiy (A) Aia?aoo?a aaoiiaoecaoe?? (?)

Ia aeioee (?)

A?coaeueii

I?eeaae eiio?ieth ??aiy ooio, a?a?aoe??

A?coaeueii (?)

Iinoaa oa i?aeo?eioth/? ?ieeee Eiino?oeoeaia oe?e?ni?noue (A)

Oaiia?aoo?a ?ieee?a (A)

sse?noue iiioaaeo (A)

Iayai?noue iaiaa?oiaeo ?ieee?a (A) A?coaeueii

Ia eiio?ieth?oueny (?)

A?coaeueii

A?coaeueii (?)

Iaoyaeia noaioe?y Coneeey iaoyao (A)

Oaiia?aoo?a i?aeoeiiee?a iaoyaeiiai aa?aaaia (A)

O?ae iaoyaeiiai aa?aaaia (A)

Caooeaoaaiiy (A) Aeeiaiiiao? (iaiiiao?)

Ia aeioee (?)

?oeaoea

Aia?aoo?a aaoiiaoecaoe?? (?)

No??/ea Aaiiao?e/i? ?ici??e (A)

Oaiia?aoo?a (A)

No?ae iiia?a/iee (A)

Iioeiaeaeaiiy ciai?oi? (aeaeei?) ?oeaoea

Ia eiio?ieth?oueny (?)

Aia?aoo?a aaoiiaoecaoe??

A?coaeueii

I?ei?oea: 1. Ia??iaee/i?noue eiio?ieth: A – iino?eii; A – uici?iii; A –
ia??iaee/ii;

2. I?iiiiiaaiee niin?a eiio?ieth: ? – ?ino?oiaioaeueiee eiio?ieue.

Ae?oaee ?icae?e i?enay/aiee anoaiiaeaiith cia/aiiy aaee/ei, ui
oa?aeoa?ecothoue oaieia? iiey ? oaieia? iioiee i?ae /an oa?oy no??/ee ia
?ieeee oa aa?aaaie. A?aecia/a?oueny, ui i?e aenieoaoaoe?? no??/eiaeo
eiiaa???a ?niothoue o?e iniiai? i?e/eie aeieeiaiiy iaaacia/ieo
neooaoe?e: eiacaiiy no??/ee ii ieaeiueiio caeeeiaiiio aai caooeaiaaiiio
?ieeeo, ii aa?oiueiio caeeeiaiiio ?ieeeo, ia i?eaiaeiiio aai aaaeaieo
aa?aaaiao. A on?o aeiaaeeao aeae?ey?oueny oaiei, iaa??aathoueny
aeaiaioe, ui iiaeia aeei?enoiaoaaoe aeey ae?aaiinooaaiiy. Ia?aia
iaoiaeeea aiae?co, yea aaco?oueny ia /enaeueiiio ??oaii? eiie?aoieo
caaea/ ?c canoinoaaiiyi a?aeiieo oai?aoe/ieo iieiaeaiue, aeniiae?a oa
aeai?eoi?a o aaeoc? oaieiiai?io (oaieiia?aaea/?). *eneia? ??oaiiy caaea/
e a?ao?/i? caeaaeiino? ia IAII acyo? aeey aiae?co, oi?ioethaaiiy
i?iiiceoe?e i?e ae?aaiinoeoe?. Aeei?enoaii aeeiiaia ?ai?oa ??oaiiy
??aiyiiy Oo?’?, caienaiiai aeey o?ueio na?aaeiaeu (?ieee, no??/ea,
ooea):

; (1)

; (2)

; (3)

– oaiia?aoo?a ?ieeea, no??/ee ? ooeao a?aeiia?aeii;

– oeee?iae?e/i? eii?aeeiaoe;

– /an;

– ieoiia oaiia?aoo?ii?ia?aei?noue iaoa??ae?a ?ieeea, no??/ee oa
aoa?eueiiai ooeao a?aeiia?aeii.

C?iaeaii ieceo cae/aeieo i?eiouaiue, aecia/aiu ii/aoeia? oa a?aie/i?
oiiae, aaaaeai? eiao?oe??io oaieia?aeaea/? a?ae iiaa?oi? ?ieeea aei
iia?o?y oa ieoiia oaieii?ia?aei?noue ?ieeea, no??/ee oa aoa?eueiiai
ooeao a?aeiia?aeii.

?ic?aooiee aeeiiaii aeey ?ieee?a, ?ici?? oa iana yeeo a?aeiia?aeathoue
canoiniaoaaiei oaia? o aoa?euei?e i?iieneiaino? i?e oaeaeeinoyo ?ooo
no??/ee ? ii?iaeueiiio iaaaioaaeaii? ia ?ieee ca “I?aaeeaie
aenieoaoaoe?? no??/eiaeo ? ieanoei/anoeo eiiaa???a ia aoa?eueieo oa
neaioeaaeo oaooao”.

Iiaoaeiaai? a?ao?ee aea ?ethno?othoueny caeaaeiino?, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue
?iciiae?e oaiia?aoo?e ca ?aae?onii o nenoai? «?ieee – aoa?eueiee ooea»
aeey ??cieo cia/aiue /ano c ii/aoeo oa?oy, caeaaei?noue oaiia?aoo?e
iiaa?oi? ?ieeea a?ae eooiai? eii?aeeiaoe, ci?ia a /an? iaea?eueoi?
oaiia?aoo?e iiaa?oi? ?ieeea (o i?noe? aeioeeo aei no??/ee) aeey ??cieo
iaaaioaaeaiue oaeaeeinoae ?ooo no??/ee.

sse i?eeeaae, ia ?en. 1 cia?aaeaia caeaaei?noue ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e
caooeaiaaiiai ?ieeea a?ae /ano i?e eiacaii? ii iueiio no??/ee c ??cieie
oaeaeeinoyie ?ooo yeui iaaaioaaeaiiy 2·104 I/i2, a ia ?en. 2 – ca ??cieo
iaaaioaaeaiue.

Aecia/ai? aaee/eie, ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue iaa??aaiiy aa?oiueiai
caeeeiaiiai ?ieeea ?ooiiith no??/eith ? eiai ioieiaeaeaiiy ?c coieieith.
Aiaeia?/ii caooeaiaaiiio ?ieeeo ooo iieacaii, ui oaiia?aoo?a aa?oiueiai
iacaooeaiaaiiai ?ieeea (caeeeiaiiai) ii eiai oiauei? i?aeoe/ii iaeiaeiaa
? iii?oii ci?ith?oueny caeaaeii a?ae eooiai? eii?aeeiaoe. I?ioean
iaa??aaiiy cia/iith i??ith aecia/a?oueny oiiaaie oaieiiai?io eiai
iiaa?oi? ?c ciai?oi?i na?aaeiaeuai (iia?o?yi).

Ca iaaiiai ii?aeiaiiy oaeaeeino? ?ooo no??/ee oa iaaaioaaeaiiy, ui /anoi
aoaa? a oaooao, oaiia?aoo?a caeeeiaiiai ?ieeea aeinyaa? 300-400°N.

?en. 1. Oaiia?aoo?a caooeaiaaiiai ieaeiueiai ?ieeea i?e ??cieo
oaeaeeinoyo ?ooo no??/ee

?en. 2. Iaeneiaeueia oaiia?aoo?a caooeaiaaiiai ieaeiueiai ?ieeea i?e
??cieo oaeaeeinoyo ?ooo no??/ee ? iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?ieee

Caeaaeii a?ae noaio aaioeeyoe?? ae?iaee oiiae oaieiiai?io ci?iththoueny,
ui e i?i?ethno?iaaii ia a?ao?eo ?en. 3. Ooo A? – /enei A?i, yea iieaco?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy eiiaaeoeaiiai ? eiiaeoeoeaiiai i?ioean?a oaieia?aeaea/?.
I/aaeaeii, oiiae i?ia?o?thaaiiy cia/iith i??ith aecia/athoue i?ioean
ioieiaeaeaiiy (? iaa??aaiiy) ?ieee?a, a, ioaea, e ooai?aiiy oaieiaeo
ieyi ia no??/oe? ?c coieieith.

?noioia ca?eueoaiiy oaiia?aoo?e no??/ee aiane?aeie ?? eiioaeoo c
iaa??oei ?ieeeii a?aeaoaa?oueny a oa?o caaoiaoee aeecueei 5 ii, ui
aeicaiey? canoi-niaoaaoe ?acoeueoaoe iaa??aaiiy ? aei aoiio?iniaeo
no??/ie. Ia ?en. 4 – ea?oeia ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e oaieiai? ieyie ia
no??/oe? caeaaeii a?ae o?eaaeino? aeniiceoe??. Aeey iaea?aeaiiy
iaeneiaeueiiai oaieiaiai neaiaeo ia no??/oe? /an eiio?ieueii? coieiee
eiiaa??a (/an aeniiceoe??) ia ia?aaeuo? 5-7 oa. Ca oeae oa?i?i no??/ea
iaa??aa?oueny aei oaiia?aoo?e, ia 5-10°N iaioi? ii/aoeiai? oaiia?aoo?e
?ieeea ? iaaeae? ?icii/eia?oueny i?ioean ioieiaeaeaiiy.

?en. 3. Iaeneiaeueia oaiia?aoo?a caeeeiaiiai aa?oiueiai ?ieeea aeey
??cieo oiia oaieiiai?io (A?), ?=1eI

?en. 4. Ci?ie i?ioyaii /ano iaeneiaeueii? oaiia?aoo?e no??/ee ia ??ci?e
aeeaei? hS a?ae ?? iiaa?oi?

?ioaineaia aeae?eaiiy oaiea a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e i?ieiacoaaii? no??/ee ia
a?aeoeeueieo ? iniaeeai i?eaiaeieo aa?aaaiao. Iniiai? ia?aiao?e, ui
aecia/athoue oaiia?aoo?o iaa??aaiiy aa?aaaia ? no??/ee, – oaeaee?noue
eiacaiiy, iaoya no??/ee, eiao?oe??io oa?oy, eoo iaoaaoo no??/eith
aa?aaaia. Iaea?eueo iiaeaaeiiaaacia/i? – i?eaiaei? noaioe?? c aa?aaaiaie
aaeeeeo ?ici???a oa eooaie iaoaaoo 180° ? a?eueoa. Ooo i?ioyaii 5-8 oa
no??/ea ? aa?aaai iaa??aathoueny aei 300°N e aeua. Ine?eueee ia i?eaiae?
iiaeeeaa /anoeiaa (aoaeue-yeiai nooiaiy) ? iiaia i?iaoeniaoaaiiy,
nenoaio eiio?ieth iaa??aaiiy i?eaiaea ia o?aaa iia’ycoaaoe ?c nenoaiith
aeyaeaiiy iaa??aaiiy ?ieee?a oa a?aeoeeueieo aa?aaai?a, a cae?enithaaoe
ca nooiaiai eiacaiiy ? iaa??aaiiy aa?aaaia. Iaa??aaiiy aaaeaieo
(iaoyaeieo) aa?aaai?a eiio?ieth?oueny ii oaieiaeo ieyiao ia no??/oe?
aiaeia?/ii iaa??aaiith ?ieee?a.

Oaiia?aoo?a oaieiaiai neaiaeo ia no??/oe? i?ae /an ?? ?ooo ciaioo?oueny
ca ?aooiie oaieiia?aaea/? ia ?ieeeao oa a iia?o?? ca caeiiii, aeecueeei
aei aeniiiaioe?aeueiiai.

.

)

,

aea ti – ii/aoeiaa oaiia?aoo?a oaieiai? ieyie;

;

lk – aeiaaeeia eiioaeoo (?ici?? oaieiai? ieyie ii aeiaaeei? no??/ee);

=0,15-0,31 oa-1;

k – eiao?oe??io oaieiia?aaea/? a cii? eiioaeoo no??/ee c iaa?oiaei
?ieeeii, anoaiiaeaiee aenia?eiaioaeueii i?ieaooaaiiyi ?ieeea oaieiaith
ieyiith i?ae /an oeneo no??/ee ia ?ieee, ui a?aeiia?aea? aac?
ii?iaeiuei? no??/ee. sseui lp – 1,5i, a V=1,5-3 i/n oa ae?aiao? ?ieeea
89-159 ii, k=0,2-0,3 n-1;

lp – a?aenoaiue i?ae ?ieeeiiii?aie;

V – oaeaee?noue no??/ee.

Ia ?en. 5 cia?aaeaiee iaeei c a?ao?e?a caeaaeiino? oaiia?aoo?e ieyie ia
no??/oe? a?ae a?aenoai? i?ae aeaea?aeii oa i?eeia/ai.

E??i caeeeiaieo, caooeaiaaieo ?ieee?a oa i?iaoeniaoaaiiy no??/ee ia
aa?aaaiao, eiee aeae?ey?oueny e?euee?noue oaiea, caeaoiiai ooai?eoe ia
no??/oe? oaieiao ieyio, iaeiei ?c iacaaeia?eueieo aaaaea?oueny oaeee
noai eiiaa??a, ca yeiai ii?? ?ieee?a ? aaaeaieo aa?aaai?a c ??cieo
i?e/ei iii?oii ia?aaeuo? iii?iaeueiee. Oaeee noai cae/aeii ia
aecia/a?oueny aaa??eiei aeioe, iiee iiooaei?noue aeaeaoi?a ia aeinyaia
aaee/ei, aeueo ca iii?iaeuei?, ? aiie ia ?icii/iooue aeoiaeeoe c eaaeo.
Aeey iiae?aiiai noaio oa?aeoa?ia cia/ia i?aeaeuaiiy aeo?aoe aia?a??,
ca?eueoaiiy iaoyao no??/ee ? iiooaeiino? aeaeaoi?a.

?en. 5. Caeaaei?noue ci?ie oaieiaiai neaiaeo a?ae a?aenoai? aei i?eeia/a
i?e oaiia?aoo?? ciai?oiueiai na?aaeiaeua 20°N, tI ? tI a?aeiia?aeii –
oaiia?aoo?a oaieiai? ieyie ii/aoeiaa ? oa ui caeeoeeanue i?ney
i?i-oiaeaeaiiy ae?eueieoe? aeiaaeeiith L, i; 1 – V = 1,6i/n; 2 – V =
3,15i/n

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeai? ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaio?a o eaai?aoi?ieo
oa oaooieo oiiaao uiaei aei??thaaiiy iaa??aaiiy ?ieeea, eiee eiai ii??
iaaoaa? aaee/ei (nooiaiyie), a?eueoeo ca iii?iaeuei? (?ic?aooieia?) –
aae aei caeeeithaaiiy. Aeaioiaeaiee niaoe?aeueiee ?ieee, oaiia?aoo?a
yeiai aei??thaaeany ye o caeeeiaiiio, oae ? iaa?oiaiio noai? i?e ??cieo
iii?ao iaa?oaiith ? coneeeyo i?eoeniaiiy aei iueiai no??/ee. Iieacaii
iiaeeea?noue aei??o oaiia?aoo?e oaieiaeo ieyi, ooai?aieo a?ae ?ieee?a c
i?aeaeuaiei iii?ii iaa?oaiith. Ooo c’yaeythoueny oaieia? ieyie c
oaiia?aoo?aie, ye? iiaeia aei??yoe, a?aeiia?aeii ia-?aaoe a?aenoaiue
i?ae aeao/eeaie.

Ii??aiyiiy ?acoeueoao?a ?ic?aooieiaeo oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo oaiia?aoo?
iiaa?oi? ?ieee?a aea? i?aenoaao aaaaeaoe aaee/eie, io?eiai?
?ic?aooi-eiaei oeyoii, aeinoaoiuei ia?aeiieeaeie aeey ?ic?iaee
?aeiiaiaeaoe?e ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaa?oioiaaia canoinoaaiiy ?acoeueoao?a aei???a
iiooaeiinoae aeaeaoi?a oaiaeai i?eaiaea i?eaiaea eiiaa??a ia oieinoiio
oiaeo aeey ae?aaiinooaaiiy noaio ?iciiae?eo iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ae
aeaeaoiaie, a oaeiae aeey ioe?iee iii?o ?ooo no??/ee ii ?ieeeiiii?ao.
Aei??thaaiiy iiooaeiino? aeaeaoi?a ia?oiai (ca oiaeii no??/ee) ?
ae?oaiai aa?aaai?a N1 ? N2 ia iacaaaioaaeaiiio eiiaa??? aea?
iiaeeea?noue onoaiiaeoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ?iciiae?eo caaaeueii?
iiooaeiino? e ae??oeoe ieoaiiy i?i ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiue. Aeey
oeueiai a?aeiieie niiniaaie ci?ith?oueny oa?aeoa?enoeea iaeiiai c ieo (c
a?eueoith iiooaei?noth), ?iaeyoueny iiaoi?i? aei??e oa iaiao?aeia
aeiaaaeaiiy c oei, uia ca iii?iaeueiiai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?eaiaea
?iciiae?eeoe iiooaeiino?, ye ia?aaeaa/aii ?ic?aooieii.

Noia?ia aaee/eia iiooaeiino? ia oieinoiio oiaeo eiiaa??a aeicaiey?
c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i nooi?iue iia??oaiiy noaio ?ieeeiiii? eiiaa??a ?
i?eeiyoe a?aeiia?aei? ??oaiiy uiaei ?ia?o ii eiai ianeoaiaoaaiith.

AENIIAEE

Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa – caaa?oaia iaoeiaa aeine?aeaeaiiy c iiaei
iaoeiaei iaa?oiooaaiiyi aenia?eiaioaeueieo ?acoeueoao?a, iiaeeeainoae oa
oeyo?a canoinoaaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueieo niinia?a ae?aaiinooaaiiy noaio
no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a aoa?eueieo oaoo, ui ia? ?noioia cia/aiiy aeey
aaeineiiaethaaiiy iaoiae?a oaoi?/iiai caaacia/aiiy ?oiuei? ?iaioe e
aoaeoeaiino? o?ainii?ooaaiiy neieeo aaioaae?a.

Caaaeii ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy – aeineoue nooo?a? aeey ?icaeoeo
ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a c aeiiiiiaith
?ino?oiaio?a, a ia a?ae/ooo?a ethaeeie.

Iieacaii, ui caaaeyee niaoe?aeueii? nenoaie aei??thaaiiy oaiia?aoo?e
oaieiaeo ieyi ia no??/oe? oa iiooaeiino? oieinoiai oiaeo
(?ino?oiaioaeueia ae?aaiinooaaiiy) iiaeia aeyaeyoe ia?aaeaaa??eiee noai,
ieaioaaoe oaoi?/ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy, a/anii aaeeaaoe a?aeiia?aeieo
caoiae?a e oieeaoe aaa??e. Ana oea i?aeaeuo? ??aaiue ianeoaiaoaaiiy oa
?iia??i?noue aacaaa??eii? ?iaioe.

Iniiai? iaoeia? ?acoeueoaoe, aeniiaee oa ?aeiiaiaeaoe??:

Aeey ?aaeeio eiacaiiy no??/ee ii ieaei?i caooeaiaaiei ?ieeeai iiaeaia (o
a?ao?/iiio aeae?) ea?oeia ci?ie oa aecia/ai? /eneia? cia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?
o ??cieo oi/eao nenoaie “?ieee-ooea” caeaaeii a?ae oaeaeeino? eiacaiiy ?
iaaaioaaeaiiy ia ?ieee. Anoaiiaeaii, ui ca oiia, ye? a?aeiia?aeathoue
aenieoaoaoe?eiei, oaiia?aoo?a ieaeiueiai caooeaiaaiiai ?ieeea iiaea
aeinyaaoe 150°N.

Aecia/aia ea?oeia iaa??aaiiy aa?oiueiai caeeeiaiiai ?ieeea i?ae /an
eiacaiiy ii iueiio no??/ee, oa anoaiiaeaiee nooi?iue aieeao o?ce/ieo ?
oaoiieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a ia i?ioean iaa??aaiiy ?ieeea, iieacaii, ui i?e
aecia/aieo cia/aiiyo oaeaeeino? eiacaiiy oa iaaaioaaeaii? ooo iiaeeeaa
iaa??aaiiy aei 300 — 400°N.

Aeey iaea?aeaiiy ia no??/oe? oaieiai? ieyie c iaeneiaeueiith
oaiia?aoo?ith o?eaae?noue eiio?ieueii? coieiee eiiaa??a ia iiaeiia
ia?aaeuoaaoe 5-7 oa. Ca oeae oa?i?i no??/ea iaa??aa?oueny aei
oaiia?aoo?e, ia 5-10°N ieae/i? ii/aoeiai? oaiia?aoo?e ?ieeea. ?c
ca?eueoaiiyi /ano coieiee oaiia?aoo?a no??/ee oa ?ieeea cieaeo?oueny ca
?aooiie ioieiaeaeaiiy iia?o?yi. Oaieiao ieyio ia no??/oe? i?ney
eiio?ieueiiai ioneo eiiaa??a (no??/ea – iin?e ?ioi?iaoe??) aeyaeythoue
niaoe?aeueieie aeao/eeaie ? nenoaiith ?ici?ciaaaiiy aae?ane aeaea?aea
iaa??aaiiy.

*eneiaa ?ica’ycoaaiiy caaea/? iaa??aaiiy aeey oiia i?iaoeniaoaaiiy ia
i?eaiae? aecia/eei ianoaoe?iia?ia oaiia?aoo?ia iiea i?ae /an oa?oy a
nenoai? “eiiaa?? – no??/ea – i?eaiaeiee aa?aaai” c o?aooaaiiyi
oaieiiai?io eiai a?eueii? iiaa?oi? c iia?o?yi. Ia?aiao?e, ui
aecia/athoue i?ioean aeae?eaiiy ? iioe?aiiy oaiea: oaeaee?noue iaa?oaiiy
aa?aaaia, ae?aiao?, iaoya no??/ee, ia?aaeaia oyaiaa coneeey oa eoo
iaoaaoo no??/eith aa?aaaia. Iaea?eueo iiaeaaeiaacia/i? – i?eaiaei?
noaioe?? c aa?aaaiaie aaeeeeo ae?aiao??a ? eooaie iaoaaoo iiiaae 180°.
I?ioyaii 5-8 oa aiane?aeie eiacaiiy no??/ee ii oaeeo aa?aaaiao
oaiia?aoo?a iiaea aeioiaeeoe aei 300°N ? aeua.

Nenoaia eiio?ieth iaa??aaiiy ia i?eaiae? iiaeiia aei??thaaoe oaiia?aoo?o
aa?aaaia, a ia no??/ee. Iaa??aaiiy aaaeaiiai aa?aaaia iiaeiia
eiio?iethaaoe ii ieyiao ia no??/oe? aiaeia?/ii iaa??aaiith ?ieee?a.

Ciaioaiiy oaiia?aoo?e oaieiaiai neaiaeo ia no??/oe? i?ae /an ?ooo
a?aeaoaa?oueny ca caeiiii, aeecueeei aei aeniiiaioe?aeueiiai.
Cai?iiiiiaaii oi?ioeo oa a?ao?ee aeey aecia/aiiy oaiia?aoo?e oaieiai?
ieyie caeaaeii a?ae i?ieaeaii? a?aenoai? (a?ae e?eueeino? ?ieee?a, yeeo
ieyia oi?eaeany i?ae /an ?ooo). Aeey ?ic?iaee /ooeeaino? aeao/eea
?aeiiaiaeiaaii iaoe neaiae ieyie c oaiia?aoo?ith iiaa?oi?, ia 4-5°N
a?eueoith ca oaiia?aoo?o iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua c? oaeaee?noth
no??/ee 3,15 i/n.

*anoioa anoaiiaeaiiy aeao/ee?a ia e?i?ei?e /anoei? eiiaa??a (a?aenoaiue
i?ae aeao/eeaie) aecia/a?oueny i?ney iaeaaiaeaeaiiy “aeo?aeii? noaie
?ici?uaiiy” ca ?acoeueoaoaie ii??aiyiiy aeiiii?/ieo iieaciee?a, ui
a?aoiaothoue aeo?aoe ia nenoaio ae?aaiinoeee oa ?? ianeoaiaoaaiiy.

O i?ioean? aenieoaoaoe?? ii?? iaa?oaiith ?ieee?a iinooiiai
ca?eueoo?oueny – aae aei iiaii? coieiee. Cai?iiaiiaaii caeaaei?noue, yea
aecia/a? oiiae coieiee. Iieacaii, ui e iaa?oiaee c aaeeeei iii?ii ?ieee
iiaea iaa??aaoeny aei oaiia?aoo?e, caeaoii? a?aeoai?thaaoe oaieiao ieyio
ia no??/oe?.

Aenia?eiaioaeueii aecia/ai? oi?ia oa ?ici??e oaieiai? ieyie ia no??/oe?,
a oaeiae aeeaeia iaa??aaiiy no??/ee caeaaeii a?ae /ano.

Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue ei?eaoaaiiy oa?aeoa?enoeee
i?eaiaeii? noaioe?? c aeaiia aeaeaoiaie ca ?acoeueoaoaie aei??thaaiiy
iiooae-iino? oieinoiai oiaeo, uia ae??aiyoe iaaaioaaeaiiy i?ae ieie i?e
iii?iaeueiiio caaaioaaeaii?.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee niin?a ioe?iee noaio ?ieeeiiii? eiiaa??a ca aei??aie
iiooaeiino? oieinoiai oiaeo.

INIIAI? IIEIAEAIIss AeENA?OAOe?? AEEEAAeAII A IANOOIIEO IIOAE?EIAAIEO
I?AOessO

Au/eia A.E., Ieeaoeeee A.A., Aaeinoioeeee A.O. Aeeaaiinoe?iaaiea
oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey oaooiuo eiiaaea?iuo eeiee // Oaieue Oe?aeiu. –
1992. — ? 12. –N. 25-26.

Au/eia A.E., Ieeaoeeee A.A., Aaeinoioeeee A.O. Eiio?ieue oaoie/aneiai
ninoiyiey oaooiuo eiiaaea?ia ii iiuiinoe oieinoiai oiaea //Oaieue
Oe?aeiu. –1993. -? 11. –N. 17-18.

Au/eia A.E., Ieeaoeeee A.A., Aaeinoioeeee A.O. Aeeaaiinoe?iaaiea
?ani?aaeaeaiey iaa?ocee iaaeaeo aeaeaaoaeyie i?eaiaea eaioi/iiai
eiiaaea?a //Oaieue Oe?aeiu. –1994. -? 3. –N. 21-22.

Ieeaoeeee A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea oaieiaiai neaiaea ia aeaeaeouaeny eaioa
eiiaaea?a iinea aai inoaiiaee // A??ie/a aeaeo?iiaoai?ea oa aaoiiaoeea
Iaoe.-oaoi. ca. – 1999. –? 2. –N. 45–47.

O?iueei A.N., Ieeaoeeee A.A. Enneaaeiaaiea iaa?aaa eaiou eiiaaea?a i?e
i?iaoeniaea i?eaiaeiiai aa?aaaia // A??ie/a aeaeo?iiaoai?ea oa
aaoiiaoeea Iaoe.-oaoi. ca. – 1999.–? 2. –N. 38–44.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a a ?iaioe, iioae?eiaai? o ni?aaaoi?noa?:

[1] – oi?ioethaaiiy ?aea?, iaa?oiooaaiiy, iaienaiiy oaenoo;

[2] – oii?yaeeoaaiiy ?aea? ae?aaiinooaaiiy ca iiooaei?noth oieinoiai
oiaeo, aeeiiaiiy a ?aaeueieo oiiaao ae?aaiinooaaiiy; o/anoue a aiae?c?
oa iaienaii? oaenoo, ?ic?iaoe? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e;

[3] – oi?ioethaaiiy ?aea?, aecia/aiiy caaaeaiiy, aiae?oe/iee ae?ac aeey
?ic?aooieo aaee/ei iiooaeiinoae aeaio aeaeaoi?a, i?aoethth/eo ia
oieinoiio eiiaa???, ca yeeo aeinyaa?oueny ae??aithaaiiy ?iciiae?eo
iiooaeiinoae iii?iaeueii caaaioaaeaiiai eiiaa??a;

[5] – aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ae??oaiiy e iien ea?oeie ci?ie oaiia?aoo?e
iiaa?oi? aa?aaaia ca eooiaith eii?aeeiaoith c o?aooaaiiyi ??cieo
oaeaeeinoae iaa?oaiiy.

AIIOAOe?ss

I?eaoeueeee A.A. Iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy
oaoi?/iiai noaio oaooieo no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.05.06 – “A??ie/? iaoeie”. Iaoe?iiaeueia a??ie/a
aeaaeai?y Oe?a?ie, Aei?i?iiao?ianuee, 1999.

Aeine?aeaeaii iaa??aaiiy ?ooiiith no??/eith caooeaiaaieo, caeeeiaieo
ia?ooiieo, c i?aeaeuaiei iii?ii iaa?oaiith i?aeo?eioth/eo no??/eo
?ieeeiaeo iii?, a?aeoeeueieo ? i?eaiaeieo aa?aaai?a, a oaeiae iaa??aaiiy
no??/ee i?ae /an ?? eiio?ieueii? coieiee aeey iaea?aeaiiy ia i?e
oaieiaeo ieyi oa ?? ia?aoai?aiiy i?ney ioneo ia iin?y ?ioi?iaoe??.
Inoaiiy c/eoo?oueny niaoe?aeueieie oaiei/ooeeaeie aeao/eeaie, aaaaeaieie
aei nenoaie ?ici?ciaaaiiy aae?ane aeaea?aea iaa??aaiiy.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aei???a iiooaeiino? oieinoiai oiaeo i?eaiaea
cai?iiiiiaaii niin?a ioe?iee noaio ?ieeeiiii? eiiaa??a, a oaeiae ci?ie
oa?aeoa?enoee oaiaeaii?eaiaea aeey ae??aithaaiiy iaaaioaaeaiiy i?e
iii?iaeueiiio caaaioaaeaii?.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: no??/eiaee, eiacaiiy, iaa??aaiiy, caooeaiaai? ?ieee oa
aa?aaai, caooeaoaaiiy, oaieiaa ieyia – iin?e ?ioi?iaoe??.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ieeaoeeee A.A. Iainiiaaiea eino?oiaioaeueiiai aeeaaiinoe?iaaiey
oaoie/aneiai ninoiyiey oaooiuo eaioi/iuo eiiaaea?ia. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.05.06 – “Ai?iua iaoeiu”. Iaoeeiiaeueiay ai?iay
aeaaeaiey Oe?aeiu, Aeiai?iiao?iane, 1999.

Enneaaeiaaiey iinayuaiu iaa?aao aeaeaeouaeny eaioie caoouaiaaiiuo,
caeeeiaiiuo (iaiiaeaeaeiuo), a oaeaea a?auathueony n iiauoaiiui
nii?ioeaeaieai e a?auaieth iiaeaea?aeaathueo ?ieeeiiii?, ioeeiiythueo e
i?eaiaeiuo aa?aaaiia, a oaeaea iaa?aao eaiou ai a?aiy aa eiio?ieueiie
inoaiiaee aeey iieo/aiey ia iae oaieiauo iyoai e aa (eaiou) i?aa?auaiey
a iineoaey eioi?iaoeee. Iineaaeiyy n/eouaaaony niaoeeaeueiuie
oaiei/oanoaeoaeueiuie aeao/eeaie, aeeth/aiiuie a nenoaio ?aniiciaaaiey
aae?ana enoi/ieea iaa?aaa. Iieacaia aiciiaeiinoue aiaeiae/iui ia?acii
iaia?oaeeaaoue ?ieeeiiii?u n aeinoaoi/ii iiauoaiiui nii?ioeaeaieai
a?auaieth, ii aua ia caeeeiaiiuo (iacaoouaiaaiiuo).

Onoaiiaeaii cia/aiea aaee/ei, eioi?ua oa?aeoa?ecotho iaa?aa aa?oieo
caeeeiaiiuo ?ieeeia, a oaeaea ?ieeeia n iiauoaiiui nii?ioeaeaieai
a?auaieth ai a?aiy o?aiey i ieo aeaeaeouaeny eaiou e aa i?iaoeniaea ia
aa?aaaia.

Iieo/aiu cia/aiey aaee/ei, eioi?ua oa?aeoa?ecotho iaa?aa eaiou ai a?aiy
aa eiioaeoa i?e inoaiiaea n iaa?aoui ?ieeeii, ii?aaeaeaia oi?ia, ?acia?u
e oaiia?aoo?a oaieiaiai iyoia.

Onoaiiaeaia caeiiiia?iinoue ioeaaeaeaiey oaieiaiai iyoia ia aeaeaeouaeny
eaioa.

Ii ?acoeueoaoai ecia?aiee iiuiinoe aeaeaaoaeae oieinoiai oiaea i?eaiaea
eiiaaea?a i?aaeeiaeaii ioeaieaaoue oaoie/aneia ninoiyiea ?ieeeiiii?
eiiaaea?a, a oaeaea ?aaoee?iaaoue (a neo/aa iaiaoiaeeiinoe) eciaiaiey
iaa?ocee i?e iiieiaeueiii caa?oaeaiee e, oaeei ia?acii, ecaaaeaoue
ia?aa?ocee iaeiiai ec ieo i?e oaiaeaii?eaiaea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaioi/iue, eaiou, iaa?aa, caoouaiaaiiua, oaieiaia iyoii
– iineoaeue eioi?iaoeee.

THE SUMMARY

Piletsky V.G. The mine ribbon conveyors technical condition instrumental
diagnosing substantiation — manuscript.

Thesis on competition of an engineering candidate scientific degree on a
speciality 05.05.06 — » Mining machines «. National Mining University of
Ukraine, Dnepropetrovsk, 1999.

The heating by a movable ribbon of a gumming, wedged, with increased
resistance to rotation of angle and driving drums supporting roller
brackets, and also heating of a ribbon at its monitoring stop with the
purpose of obtaining on it of thermal spots and it transformation in the
information carrier after launch . This information is read out by the
special heat-sensitive sensors, which are included in the address
recognition system of a heating source.

By measurements results of the drive idle running power the way of the
conveyor roller-brackets condition evaluation and also the
two-propulsion drive characteristics change for a capacity equalization
at nominal loading is suggested.

Key word: the ribbon, sliding, heating, thermal spot – information
carrier.

I?EAOeUeEEE Aieiaeeie? Aai?a?eiae/

Iaa?oiooaaiiy ?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ae?aaiinooaaiiy oaoi?/iiai noaio

oaooieo no??/eiaeo eiiaa???a

(Aaoi?aoa?ao)

I?aeienaii aei ae?oeo 07.09.1999 ?. Oi?iao 30o42/4

Iai?? Polspeed. Oiiai. Ae?oe. A?e. 1,0 Iae?eiai-aeaeaai. a?e. 1,0.

Oe?aae 100 i?ei. Cai. ? 285. Aaceiooiaii.

?AE IAA Oe?a?ie

49600, AeNI, i. Aei?i?iiao?ianuee-27

i?. E.Ia?ena, 19

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