OAA??ENUeEA AeA?AEAAIA AA?IOAOI?*IA AEAAeAI?ss

IEEEOI?IAA EA?ENA ?AAAI?AIA

OAeE. 631.234:628.9:635.63

IAA?OIOOAAIIss AIA?AICAA??AATH*EO ?AAEEI?A AEAEO?E*IIAI II?II?IAIIss
?INEEI IA??E?A A OIIAAO CAOEUAIIAI A?OIOO

05.20.02 – Canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoiieia?e o n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio
ae?iaieoeoa?

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia

caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Iae?oiiieue — 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? aaoiiaoecaoe?? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai
ae?iaieoeoaa Oaa??enueei? aea?aeaaii? aa?ioaoi?/ii? aeaaeai?? (OAeAOA)
I?i?noa?noaa aa?ii?iieneiaiai eiiieaeno Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ae?i?ae??a Aieiaeeie? O?eoiiiae/

Oaa??enueea aea?aeaaia aa?ioaoi?/ia aeaaeai?y,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?ith aaoiiaoecaoe??

n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Ia?oeiaiei Ieaen?e ?aaiiae/,

Oe?a?inueea aeaaeai?y aa?a?ieo iaoe

ia/aeueiee a?aeae?eo i?aeia?iaeieo ca’yce?a.

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Iaca?aiei ?ai? Iao?iae/

Oaa??enueea aea?aeaaia aa?ioaoi?/ia aeaaeai?y,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aia?aaoeee

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao

n?euenueeiai ainiiaea?noaa.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 28 » /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 10-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E18.819.01 i?e Oaa??enuee?e
aea?aeaai?e aa?ioaoi?/i?e aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith:

332312, Caii??cueea iaeanoue, i. Iae?oiiieue, i?. A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai,
18, aoaeeoi??y 7.210.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny o a?ae?ioaoe? Oaa??enueei?
aea?aeaaii? aa?ioaoi?/ii? aeaaeai?? ca aae?anith:

332312, Caii??cueea iaeanoue, i. Iae?oiiieue, i?. A. Oiaeueieoeueeiai,
18, a?ae?ioaea OAeAOA.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 26 » o?aaiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee _____________ *a?eoi A.TH.

12

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ae?iuoaaiiy ?icnaaee iai/aaeo eoeueoo? a oiiaao
caoeuaiiai ??oioo aeiiii?/ii aea?aeia o?eueee i?e aeiaeaoeiaiio ooo/iiio
ii?ii?iaii?. Iaeiae a oeueiio aeiaaeeo a?ey iieiaeie nia?aa?oino?
?icnaaee i?eiaaea? ia aeaeo?iaia?a?th, a oea a oiiaao iino?eiiai
c?inoaiiy aa?oino? aia?ai?ano?n?a aecia/a? iaiao?aei?noue ?? aeiiii??.

?ic?iaea a?eueo aeineiiaeeo ?aaeei?a ii?ii?iaiiy — iaeei c ia?niaeoeaieo
iai?yie?a cieaeaiiy aeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a?? a na?oeieoeueoo?? caoeuaiiai
??oioo.

Iaea?eueo eaaei oey caaea/a ae??oo?oueny a nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai ??oioo
oeyoii ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioean?a oioineioaco ca aeiiiiiaith
?iioeueniiai ii?ii?iaiiy, iniaeeai, a ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/ieo ?aaeeiao c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?? a?ae ?ineei.

Oiio aeine?aeaeaiiy e iaa?oiooaaiiy ia?aiao??a ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/ieo
?aaeei?a ooo/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei, ?ic?iaea cania?a ? i?eeaae?a aeey
?aae?caoe?? oaeeo ?aaeei?a ? iaeiei c ia?niaeoeaieo iai?yie?a cieaeaiiy
aeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a?? a na?oeieoeueoo?? caoeuaiiai ??oioo.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeany o a?aeiia?aeiino? c Aea?aeaaiith iaoeiai-oaoi?/iith
i?ia?aiith 3.12 “Aia?ai- oa ?ano?ni-caa??aath/? oaoiieia?? a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?”, oaiaoeeith i?aeaoc?anueeeo
iaoeiaeo ? iaoeiai-oaoi?/ieo i?ia?ai ii i??i?eoaoiei iai?yiai ?icaeoeo
iaoee ? oaoi?ee (Iaeac I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie ? 37 a?ae 13.02. 96,
i. 2) oa ieaiii IAe? Oaa??enueei? aea?aeaaii? aa?ioaoi?/ii? aeaaeai??.

Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy
aia?ai?ano?n?a i?e ae?iuoaaii? ?ineei ia??e?a a nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai
??oioo oeyoii canoinoaaiiy i?eeaae?a, ui ?aae?cothoue aeai?eoie
aia?aicaa??aath/iai ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeaeo?e/iei
ii?ii?iaiiyi c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?? a?ae ?ineei. Iinoaaeaia iaoa
coiiaeea oae?

caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy:

1. Aeine?aeeoe aieea ci?ie na?oeiaeo ?aaeei?a ia a?iaeaeo?e/io
aeoeai?noue ?ineei.

2. Aea/eoe aieea ?eoi?/ieo ci?i ina?oeaiino? ia o?c?ieia?/iee noai
?ineei.

3. ?ic?iaeoe aeai?eoie aia?aicaa??aath/iai ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai
?aaoethaaiiy i?e ii?ii?iaii? ?ineei a nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai ??oioo c
aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?? a?ae ?ineei.

4. ?ic?iaeoe i?eno?i? aeey aia?aicaa??aath/iai ?aaoethaaiiy ?aaeei?a
ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. Oai?aoe/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy aacothoueny ia
iaoiaeao ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo, iaoiaeao ia?iaee noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo,
iaoiaeieia?/ieo i?eioeeiao nenoaiiiai aiae?co oa neioaco, oai?aoe/ieo
iieiaeaiiyo oai??? aaoiiaoe/iiai ea?oaaiiy.

Iiaeaethaaiiy i?ioean?a ? ?ic?aooieiaa /anoeia aeine?aeaeaiue
i?iaiaeeeany ia IE ?AI «Iaio?oi-2″ oeyoii ?ic?iaee oa aenieoaoaoe??
iiaeaethth/eo ? ?ic?aooieiaeo i?ia?ai.

Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeeeny c aeiiiiiaith na??eieo
aei??thaaeueieo i?eeaae?a ? c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ic?iaeaieo eaai?aoi?ieo
onoaiiaie.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia iniia? i?iaaaeaieo
oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue iaea?aeai? oae? iniiai?
?acoeueoaoe:

Oai?aoe/ii e aenia?eiaioaeueii aeine?aeaeai? ?aciiaini? ?aaeeie
ea?oaaiiy aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noth ?ineei ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
iie?a.

Aea/aii aieea ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai ?aaeeio ii?ii?iaiiy ia ?ineeie
ia??e?a a caoeuaiiio ??oio?.

?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ? aeai?eoi ea?oaaiiy
?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iei ii?ii?iaiiyi iai/aaeo eoeueoo? a oiiaao
caoeuaiiai ??oioo oa i?eno?i? aeey eiai ?aae?caoe??.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeine?aeaeaiue i?aeoaa?aeaeaia iaoaioii Oe?a?ie ia
aeiao?ae ?. 25497A.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Ia i?aenoaa? i?iaaaeaieo
aeine?aeaeaiue iaa?oioiaaii niin?a, ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ? i?eno?i? aeey
aia?aicaa??aath/iai ?aaoethaaiiy ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy a
nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai ??oioo c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe?? a?ae ?ineei.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaioii iniaenoi:

1. Aeine?aeaeai? ?aciiaini? ?aaeeie ea?oaaiiy aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noth
?ineei ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a;

2. ?ic?iaeaia iaoaiaoe/ia iiaeaeue ? aeai?eoi ea?oaaiiy
?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iei ii?ii?iaiiyi iai/aaeo eoeueoo? a oiiaao
caoeuaiiai ??oioo;

3. ?ic?iaeaii i?eno?i? aeey ea?oaaiiy ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iei
ii?ii?iaiiyi iai/aaeo eoeueoo? a oaieeoeyo.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa iaoa??aee
aeena?oaoe?? aeiiia?aeaeeny oa iaaiai?thaaeeny ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo, ani??aio?a ? nooaeaio?a
Oaa??enueei? aea?aeaaii? aa?ioaoi?/ii? aeaaeai??, ia ?? I?aeia?iaeiiio
neiiic?oi? “Aaeineiiaeaiiy ciiaeueieo nenoai iaoei» (Ee?a, 1994), ia
iaoeiai-i?aeoe/i?e eiioa?aioe?? «Aaoiiaoecaoe?y oaoiieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
a n. a.» (Ee?a, 1997), ia ieaia?iiio can?aeaii? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai neeaaeo, ani??aio?a ? nooaeaio?a
Oaa??enueei? aea?aeaaii? aa?ioaoi?/ii? aeaaeai?? (1999).

Ioae?eaoe??. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? aeeeaaeaii a 10 ae?oeiaaieo
?iaioao (9 noaoae, 1 iaoaio ia aeiao?ae).

No?oeoo?a ? ianya aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c i’yoe
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, oa aeiaeaoe?a, a yeeo i?noyoueny oaoi?/iee
ianii?o oa ?ino?oeoe?y ii aenieoaoaoe?? ?ic?iaeaiiai i?eno?ith e aeoe
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 145 noi??ieao iniiaiiai oaenoo, a oiio /ene? ia 49
noi??ieao – 35 ?ethno?aoe?e ? 22 oaaeeoe?. Nienie aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae
i?noeoue 206 iaeiaioaaiue, c yeeo 48 ia ?iicaii?e iia?.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooi? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue aea?aii? oaie aeine?aeaeaiue,
noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiue, aeaia noenea
oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe, ?? iiaecie oa i?aeoe/ii? oe?iiino? aeey
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiai ae?iaieoeoaa.

A ia?oiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi ?nioth/ee noai i?iaeaie ia iniia? aiae?co
ioae?eaoe?e ii na?oeicaeaaei?e a?iaeaeo?e/i?e aeoeaiino? ?ineei.
?icaeyiooi aieea ?eoi?/ieo ci?i ina?oeaiino? o?c?ieia?/iee noai ?ineei,
ieoaiiy aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy i?e aeaeo?iii?ii?iaii? iai/aaeo eoeueoo?, a
oaeiae i?eeaaee aeey ?aaoethaaiiy ii?ii?iaiino? a nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai
a?oioo.

A aeeaeo i?aai?ciao o?c?ieia?/i? i?ioeane iaiaei?iii noi?iaiaeaeothoueny
i?ioeanaie aeaeo?e/ieie, a inoaii? ? oaeoi?aie, ye? ?aaoeththoue
i?ioeane aeeoo?ae?yeueiino?. Ea?oth/? ae?? aieeaathoue ia aia?aiaeiiiiio
iiaaae?ieo ee?oeie.

?iaioaie Eenoaiy A.?., Aa?anei/oea TH.A., Ne?eiieea I.I., Ianeia?iaea
N.I., O?aoueyeiaa I.I. aeiaaaeaia ia?niaeoeai?noue canoinoaaiiy a
nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai ??oioo aeina?oeaiiy a ?iioeueniiio ?aaeei?, ui
aeicaiey? ?ioaineo?eoaaoe i?ioeane oioineioaco a ?ineeiao.

A ?iaioao Eaiaia A.I., Iioeiaa A. N., Iie/aiiaa A. A, Oaaaee N.I..
a?aecia/aii iiceoeaiee aieea ci?ithaaiiai ii?ii?iaiiy ia iaeiie/aiiy
nooi? ?a/iaeie oa a?eueo aia?a?eia i?ioiaeaeaiiy o?c?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
?icnaaee ia??e?a, oae iai?eeeaae: ?ioaineai?noue oioineioaco c?inoaea a
2-3 ?ace, a ai?no oei?io?eo a 1,5-2 ?ace.

?ioaineo?eaoe?y i?ioeano oioineioaco i?e ?iioeueniiio ii?ii?iaii?
iiynith?oueny oei, ui ia i?ioyc? oaiiiaeo iaoc ooai?th?oueny iaaeeeoie
aeoeaioi??a aoaeaeeneiai aaco.

I?e ooo/iiio ii?ii?iaii? ?ineei c’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue iiaiaeaeaiiy
?aaeei?a ina?oeaiiy c iio?aaaie ?ineei. I?ioeane aani?aoe?? aia?a?? oa
?? canai?iiy a oioineioaoe/ieo i?ioeanao a?ineioaco oa?aeoa?ecothoueny
??cieie iino?eieie /ano.

Aea/aiiy oaeeo i?ioean?a i?ecaaei aei noai?aiiy cania?a ? i?eno?i?a aeey
?iioeueniiai ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei a nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai ??oioo.

Aiae?c iioae?eiaaieo ?ia?o ii oai??? oa i?aeoeoe? ?iioeueniiai
ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei aeicaieea c?iaeoe oae? aeniiaee:

— aieea ?aaeei?a ?iioeueniiai ii?ii?iaiiy ia aoaeoeai?noue oioineioaco,
a a e?ioeaaiio i?aenoieo ia i?aeaeuaiiy o?iaeaeiino?, ? ia?niaeoeaiei,
aea caeeoa?oueny iiee ui iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiei.

— iaiao?aeii iaa?oioiaoaaoe ia o?eueee ?ioaa?aeueiee iieaciee
ina?oeaiino? a ?iioeueniiio ?aaeei?, aea e iaeneiaeueiee ? i?i?iaeueiee
??aaiue ii?ii?iaiino?, o?eaae?noue ?iioeueno, o?eaae?noue iaoce i?ae
?iioeuenaie, caaaeueio o?eaae?noue ?iaioe ii?ii?ithaa/?a ia i?ioyc?
aeiae a caeaaeiino? a?ae oace ?icaeoeo ?ineei.

— ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iee ?aaeei ii?ii?iaiiy aeicaiey?
aeiiiieoe aei 40% aeaeo?iaia?a??, yea aeo?a/a?oueny ia aeaeo?e/ia
ii?ii?iaiiy, oa caaacia/o? a?eueo noene? no?iee ae?iuoaaiiy iai/aaeo
eoeueoo?, iaeiae aeine?aeaeaiee a?i iaaeinoaoiuei.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyiooi oai?aoe/i? ia?aaeoiiae ?aciiainieo
?aaeei?a oi?aae?iiy aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noth ?ineei ca aeiiiiiaith
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a.

An? iniiai? i?ioeane aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ?ineei (oioineioac, aeeoaiiy,
aeeaeaiiy, ??no) iathoue ?eoi?/iee oa?aeoa?, i?e/iio ia ee?oeiiiio ??ai?
aaaeo/o ?ieue a?athoue aeaeo?iiaai?oi? iiey. Oiio aaaeeeaith caaea/ath ?
aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai aieeao aeaeo?iiaaiaoecio ia
o?c?ieia?/i? i?ioeane a ?ineeiao.

AEeoo?ae?yeuei?noue ee?oeie aecia/a?oueny ooieoe?iiaeueiei noaiii
??ciiai ?iaeo a?iiaia?ai, a?iiie?ia??a, oa?iaio?a ? a?ee?a-?aaoeyoi??a.
Cia/iee aieea ia noai ? aeoeai?noue oaeeo no?oeoo? ni?aaey? ci?ia ?o
aeaeo?e/ii? iiey?ecaoe??, yea iniaeeai /ooeeaa aei ciai?oi?o
aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a, ui aeicaiey? aeei?enoaoe ?o aeey ea?oaaiiy
i?ioeanaie aeeoo?ae?yeueiino? ?ineei ia ee?oeiiiio ??ai?.

C aia?aaoe/ii? oi/ee ci?o oiiaith no?eeiai noaoe?iia?iiai ?icaeoeo
a?inenoaie ? a?aeiia?aei?noue i?ae ?? ia’?iii W ? ieiuath iiaa?oi? f.
Aeey aoaeue-yeiai e?i?ooth/iai oaeoi?o, iai?eeeaae aeeaeeueiiai
noano?aoo c caaeaiith eiioeaio?aoe??th S a ciai?oiueiio na?aaeiaeu?,
eiai eiioeaio?aoe?y S* ana?aaeei? nenoaie aecia/a?oueny ??aiyiiyi:

wmetafile8? ??Y???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy???n?? ???&? ?MathType??@
???u?????????»????-?????P@????PE???u@th??????aea I (S,
S*) — i?iieei?noue iaia?aie (oa?o), ui aecia/a?oueny aaee/eiith iioieo
iieaeoe eiiiiiaioo /a?ac iaeeie/io ieiuo;

g (S*) — ieoiia oaeaee?noue aeo?aoe eiiiiiaioo ana?aaeei? nenoaie;

S – eiioeaio?aoe?y aeeaey/iai noano?aoo ana?aaeei? nenoaie;

— ia’?i a?inenoaie.

I?e iaeii??aeiiio ?iciiae?e? ?a/iaei ia?ii:

wmetafile8? ??T?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy????? ???&?
?MathType??`????&??yyyy?????????????????? wmetafile8?
??(??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? ? ???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy`??@?? ???&?
?MathType???????uUue ????Ine?eueee noaoe?iia?i?noue ?icaeoeo aeiaaa?
iaci?iiino? aioo??oiueiai na?aaeiaeua, oaeee i?ioean iiaeeeaee i?e
aeeiiaii? oaeeo oiia:

wmetafile8? ??5???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?@???&??yyyy?????AyyyAyyy???@?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????p@????p????pE???pB???u@t
h??????C ??aiyiiy (2) aeieeaa?, ui i?iieei?noue iaia?aie oa ieiua ??
iiaa?oi? iaea?eueo i?aeoiaeyoue aeey ciai?oiueiai ea?oaaiiy. Iaeeaaeaiiy
aeaeo?e/iiai iiey aaaea aei aeaoi?iaoe?? iiaa?oi? iaia?ai ee?oei ca
?aooiie iiey?ecaoe?eieo aoaeo?a. I?e iiceoeaieo iioieao aeey i?enei?aiiy
?inoiaeo i?ioean?a aeinoaoiuei aeeeeeaoe aeaoi?iaoe?th, yea ca?eueoo?
iiaa?oith ?icae?eo.

sse a?aeiii, iai?i ?a/iaei /a?ac iaia?aio (oa?) oiaueiith l
cae?enith?oueny ye oeyoii aeoeaiiai ia?aiino c? oaeaee?noth , oae ?
oeyoii aeeooc??. Neaae? aieeae iia’ycai? c? ci?iith cia/aiiy , oiae? ye
ia eiao?oe??io aeeooc?? D aieeaathoue o?eueee aeinoaoiuei neeuei? iiey.
sseui i?aoeththoue iaeaeaa iaoai?cie ia?aiino, oi noaoe?iia?i? ?aaeeie,
cae/aeii caaacia/othoue i?i?iaeuei? iioiee ?a/iaei /a?ac iaia?aie,
ine?eueee a oiiaao, ye? ia ci?iththoueny, niinoa??aathoueny i?i?iaeueii
aeiionoei? ia?aiaaee eiioeaio?aoe?e. Oiio c iaoith i?enei?aiiy i?ioean?a
?inoo oa a?ineioaco (caaacia/aiiy iaeneiaeueieo oaeaeeinoae iai?io
?a/iaei) ia?niaeoeaii aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?iioeueni? ia??iaee/i? aieeae.
Aeey oeueiai iaiao?aeii anoaiiaeoe iniaeeaino? eiie?aoieo aieea?a,
aecia/eoe iioeiaeuei? aeiaaeeie oa ia??iaee oeeee?a cao?aiue.

Icia/ai? caaea/? coiiaeththoue iio?aao a aeine?aeaeaii? /ano ?aeaenaoe??
aieiaieo eiiiiiaio?a aeeaeaiiy oa i?iaeoeo?a iaoaaie?cio aeey
noaoe?iia?ieo ?aaeei?a.

Aeey ioe?iee /ano ?aeaenaoe?? aeoiaeyoue c? cia/aiiy eiiieaeno l/D.
sseui aeeiio?oueny oiiaa l/D << 1, oa ia? i?noea /enoa aeeooc?y, i?e/iio /an ?aeaenaoe?? tD ~ l2/D. A i?ioeeaaeiiio a?aie/iiio aeiaaeeo (i?e l/D >> 1) caeeoa?oueny o?eueee aeoeaiee ia?aiin, i?e/iio t ~ l/n. O aeiaaeeo
aeoeaiiai o?ainii?oo noaoe?iia?ia i?iieei?noue iaia?ai aecia/a?oueny
a?aeiiei ae?acii:

wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy???I?? ???&? ?MathType??0
???u?????????»????-?????PU???Pg???u@th??????aea –
oaeaee?noue aeoeaiiai ia?aiino;

W12 – oaeaee?noue ni?aoe?? iieaeoe ia ciai?oiueiio aioe? iaia?aie;

W21 – oaeaee?noue aeani?aoe?? iieaeoe ia ciai?oiueiio aioe?
iaia?aie;

– eiao?oe??io i?iii?oe?eiino?.

Aiia ia caeaaeeoue a?ae oiaueie l, inoaiiy caaea? o?eueee o?eaae?noue
i?ioeano ?aeaenaoe??. A?aenooiy oaeiae yaia caeaaei?noue a?ae
aioo??oiuei? eiioeaio?aoe?? S*, yea iiaea aoiaeeoe eeoa iayaii, /a?ac
e?iaoe/i? ia?aiao?e W12 ? W21, ye? oa?aeoa?ecothoue oaeaeeino? ni?aoe??
oa aeani?aoe?? iieaeoe ia ciai?oi?e noi?ii? iaia?aie. Eiao?oe??io x
i?iii?oe?eiee ia’?io ae?? aeoeaiiai oeaio?o. An? oe? aaee/eie /ooeea?
aei ciai?oi?o aieea?a, oiaoi a?aeiinyoueny aei eaaei ea?iaaieo.

A ?iaioao ?yaeo aeine?aeiee?a anoaiiaeaii, ui i?e ia?aiin? ?ii?a a
i?e?iaeieo oiiaao a?aie/iiio cia/aiith l/D = 1 a?aeiia?aea?
o?ainiaia?aiia ??cieoey iioaioe?ae?a Dj=0,02A. Ine?eueee iniiaia
iaae?iiy iai?oae a?aeaoaa?oueny ia iaia?aiao, oi i?ioeane o?ainii?oo a
ee?oeiao ?ici??o R iiaeooue a?ae/ooii ci?ithaaoe iiey c E=2Dj/R. Aeey R
=10 iei — iai?oaeai?noue iiey E > 40 A/ni.

I?e ?iioeueni?e aeoeaaoe?? a?ineioaco c’yaey?oueny iiaeeea?noue
neio?ii?caoe?? ee?oeiieo ?eoi?a oeyoii ia??iaee/ii? ci?ie iai?yieo
ia?aiino iniiaieo ?a/iaei. Oiaoi, ?ioaineo?eaoe?? aaaaeaiiy noano?ao?a a
ee?oeio oa aeaaaeaiiy c ia? oeiiaeo iaoaaie?o?a, ca ?aooiie i?aai?caoe??
iine?aeiaiiai /a?aoaaiiy iai?yie?a ia?aiino a ee?oeio oa ?c ee?oeie
oeyoii ci?ie ciai?oi?o oiia. ?ioaineo?eaoe?y i?ioean?a a?ineioaco oeyoii
?iioeuenii? oioiaeoeaaoe?? i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny iiceoeaieie aeaieie ?yaeo
aeine?aeaeaiue.

Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an aeeeeeathoue oioineioacoth/? i?aai?cie, ine?eueee aeey
ieo a?aeii? niaeo?e ae?? e iioeiaeuei? ?ioaineaiino? na?oeiaiai aieeao.
Iniiaiee oyaa? aeine?aeaeaiue i?e oeueiio eyaa? ia aea?? na?oeiaeo ?
oaiiiaeo ?ioa?aae?a aeey ?aaeei?a ?iioeuenii? oioiaeoeaaoe??. Iaeiei c
aieiaieo i???ioe??a ooo iiaeooue aooe aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeai? i?i
o?eaae?noue iioaioe?ae?a ae??, ye? aeeeeeathoueny na?oeiaei niaeaoii.

C o?ce/ii? oi/ee ci?o na?oei aaia?o? eieaeueio oioiA?N ?
oioii?ia?aei?noue, aiane?aeie /iai ?i?oe?th?oueny i?a?aoe?y ?ii?a, yea
noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny eiioi?iaoe?eieie oa a?io?i?/ieie ia?aoai?aiiyie. Oea
i?eaiaeeoue aei aeniiaeo, ui aacia?a?aia ?ioaineaia ae?y na?oea ia ?
iaia’yceiaith, aiii o?eueee iiaeiii caionoeoe oioio?i?/io ?aaeoe?th oa
caaacia/eoe ?? o?ae aia?aaoe/ii: oiaoi i?e aacia?a?aiiio ina?oeaii?
na?oei cia/io /anoeio /ano aeei?enoiao?oueny iaaoaeoeaii ? canoinoaaiiy
ia??iaee/ieo ?aaeei?a iiaea ?noioii i?aeaeueoe EEAe oioineioaco. Eaaoa
ca ana ?aae?coaaoe iioeiaeueiee ?iioeueniee ?aaeei a ooo/ieo oiiaao,
eiee iiaeia eiio?iethaaoe ? ?aaoethaaoe ina?oeaiiy. I?aeoe/ia a?aeaea/a
oaeeo aeine?aeaeaiue — i?enei?aiiy ?inoo oa i?iaeoeoeaiino? ia?ieeiaeo
eoeueoo?.

Ua iaeei iai?yi aeine?aeaeaiue ?aaeei?a aeaeo?iiaai?oii? aeoeaaoe?? —
?aaoethaaiiy a?ie?iaoeee. E?iaoeea a?io?i?/ieo ia?aoai?aiue ia?
eaac?ia??iaee/iee oa?aeoa?, ye aeey ie?aiiai aeaiaioa?iiai
oa?iaioaoeaiiai oeeeeo, oae ? aeey i?ioean?a iai?io ?a/iaeiith ?
aia?a??th i?ae ee?oeiieie i?aaiaeeaie.

Ooo ? i?yia aiaeia?y c eieeaaeueieie nenoaiaie, aeeth/ath/e ?
ia?aiao?e/iee ?aciiain — yeui ia?aiao?e nenoaie ia??iaee/ii
ci?iththoueny aiane?aeie aeei?enoaiiy ?iioeuenieo ?aaeei?a. Caaea/a
aeine?aeaeaiue iieyaa? o aecia/aii? iaae iaeano? ianoaa?eueiino?, a
oaeiae o anoaiiaeaii? ?oiueiai ca’yceo c aioo??oi?i noaiii a?inenoaie oa
ciai?oi?ie oiiaaie.

sse a?aeiii, o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/i? iiaeae? aaaaoueio noai a?ie?iaoeee a
e?i?eiiio iaaeeaeaii? caiaeyoueny aei aiae?co ??aiyiue oeio:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyy????? ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th??????aea x — oa?aeoa?eco? a?aeoeeaiiy aaee/eie
a?ae noaoe?iia?iiai cia/aiiy.

– iino?eiee ia?aiao?;

W – iino?eiee ia?aiao?;

(t), (t)– ia??iaee/i? ooieoe??.

Aaaaea?ii, ui e?iaoe/i? ia?aiao?e i?aeaeathoueny ia??iaee/iiio cao?aiith
oaeei /eiii, ui d (t) ? b (t) ? ia??iaee/ieie ooieoe?yie c ia??iaeii O.
C o?ce/ii? oi/ee ci?o ii/aoeiaiio noaoe?iia?iiio noaio a?aeiia?aea?
caoooath/a ooieoe?y x(t). Oe?eaaeie ? iniaeeaino? ?aae?caoe??
ia?aiao?e/iiai ?aciiaino a oae?e nenoai?.

E?i?eia ??aiyiiy (5) aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe aca?iica’ycee i?ae ia?aiao?aie
nenoaie oa ciai?oi?ie ?aaeeiaie, i?e yeeo ?icaeaa?oueny
ianoaa?euei?noue, ? aecia/eoe iaae? ?aciiainii? iaeano?.

I?e a?aeiiiio aeine?aeaeaii? ??aiyiiy (5) iaoiaeii O?eea anoaiiaeaii, ui
iaeano? iano?eeino? iaiaaeai? aocueeei ?ioa?aaeii cia/aiue ia?aiao??a a
iaaeao aeene?aoiiai iaai?o aaee/ei:

wmetafile8? ??–???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
@$???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy?$??C?? ???&? ?MathType??aea O –
ia??iae eieeaaiue;

N – iiia? ?aciiainii? iaeano?.

Oe?eia ?aciiainii? iaeano? a oeueiio aeiaaeeo aecia/a?oueny an?i
niaeo?ii Oo?’?-eiao?oe??io?a Vn ooieoe??

wmetafile8? ??Aieiaiee aeeaae a iaeanoue c iiia?ii N aea?
Oo?’?-eiiiiiaioa VN. ?nio? iaiaaeaiiy ia ?aciiaine c aaeeeeie N, yea
caaeaia ia??ai?noth:

wmetafile8? ??1/2???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy©yyy???E?? ???&? ?MathType??P
???u?????????»????-?????????n???u@th??????
I?iaiae?co?ii ianoaoe?iia?iee i?ioean, caaeaiee oaeeie ??aiyiiyie:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? `
!???&??yyyy?????Ayyy®yyya ???? ???&?
?MathType??A????u@th??????Eiiiiiaioe R, S a?aeiia?aeathoue
eiioeaio?aoe?? oa?iaioo (?AO5 aai i?o?ao?aaeoeoaca) ? noano?aoo (NI2 ?
NO3). Aaaaea?oueny, ui a?inenoaia ciaoiaeeoueny i?ae aieeaii i?e?iaeieo
aai ooo/ieo ?eoi?a, oiae? ea?oth/? ia?aiao?e Uj(t) ? ooieoe?yie c
ia??iaeii O. ?aoe?iiaeueii aaanoe ?iciiae?e:

wmetafile8? ??Ae???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
????&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@??O?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????L?¬???%???%???O¬???L
?o???y ???y
???Oo???L?I???F???F???OI???L?–???
??? ???O–???u@th??????aea wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
 ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy`??Oe?? ???&? ?MathType????oaiiy
ooea?oueny o aeaeyae?:

wmetafile8? ?? ???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?????&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/2yyy@??=?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????R?O???R????K?7???K?3???u@t
h??????aea aaee/eie wmetafile8? ??¦????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?????? ???&? ?MathType?? ?
???u?????????»????-?????U?@????U?l???u@th??????
wmetafile8? ??ue???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
A»???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy?»??O?? ???&? ?MathType????
???u?????????»????-?????????E??? †??? a neeo
oiai, ui ia? i?noea ?iceeaaeaiiy:

wmetafile8? ??E???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?
`E???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy E??2 ?? ???&? ?MathType?? 
???u?????????»????-?????‘????‘?????Aaee/eie
wmetafile8? ??¦????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
?A???&??yyyy?????Ayyy¶yyy???¶?? ???&? ?MathType?? ?
???u?????????»????-?????R?@????R?l???u@th??????A e?i?eiiio
iaaeeaeaii? nenoaia (12) o?ainoi?io?oueny aei aeaeo:

wmetafile8? ??i???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? a
 ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy§yyy`??‡ ?? ???&? ?MathType??A
???u?????????»????-?????z§???zO???s‹???s‡???y
F???y… ???u??
???????»????-????;Y???;|???6e???6????-?????y
x???yx???-????;????;o ???6TH
???6’???-?????Aeeeth/ath/e y c oi?ioee (14) i?e a?aooaaii?
(5), iaea?aeo?ii ??aiyiiy ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo c oaeith no?oeoo?ith:

wmetafile8? ??????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyy`???? ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th??????aea O(t) – neea, ui ciooo?.

Noa?oia? noaie wmetafile8? ??o????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ?`
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy1/2yyy ??=?? ???&? ?MathType??`?
???u?????????»????-?????R?F???R?s???K?

???K? ???u@th????????aiyiiy (15) aeicaiey? aecia/eoe iaae?
iiaeeeaeo iaeanoae iano?eeino? oa anoaiiaeoe aca?iica’ycee i?ae
ia?aiao?aie, i?e yeeo cae?enith?oueny ia?aiao?e/iee ?aciiain.

A?aeiia aeine?aeaeaiiy ??aiyiue (15) ca aeiiiiiaith iaoiaeo O?eea
iieaco?, ui ?aciiaini? ?aaeeie iiaeeea? a aocueeiio ?ioa?aae? cia/aiue
ia?aiao??a, iia’ycaieo i?ae niaith aeene?aoiei iaai?ii ni?aa?aeiioaiue:

wmetafile8? ??v???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? ??
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy@ ??4?? ???&? ?MathType??p?
???u?????????»????-?????1g???c ???u??
???????»????-????c???/???-?????y???T?k???T
?k???T?a???u@th??????Oe?eia ?aciiainii? iaeano? aecia/a?oueny
oiiaith:

wmetafile8? ?? ???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????  a
???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy  ??W?? ???&? ?MathType??p?
???u?????????»????-?????I?????W????I? ???W
???u@th?????? aea wmetafile8?
??h??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
??????? `@???&??yyyy?????Ayyy±yyy????? ???&?
?MathType???? ???u?????????»????-?????P
???P&???„…???cA ???u??
???????»????-????kA??????-????????!‰???!
‰???!u???u@th??????a ooieoe?y wmetafile8? ???????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
@ ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy*yyy`???? ???&?
?MathType??`????u@th??????wmetafile8? ??$???????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ??????? 
`,???&??yyyy?????Ayyy?yyy ,??E?? ???&? ?MathType???
???u?????????»????-?????bn???&n???bn ???&n
???AeI???Aee%???u@th??????aea wmetafile8?
??a??????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????   ???&??yyyy?????Ayyy«yyy`??K?? ???&?
?MathType???
???u?????????»????-?????0A???0y???0¬???0e???u@
th??????Aaee/eie Vn ? eiao?oe??ioaie ?iceeaaeo a ?yae Oo?’? ooieoe??
(7).

Oiiaa (20) ia? neeaaeio o?ainoeaiaeaioio oi?io, yea iiaea aooe
i?iaiae?ciaaia o?eueee /enaeueii aai iaaeeaeaii. Aeei?enoiaoth/e
a?aeiiee iaaeeaeaiee ae?ac aeey ooieoe?? wmetafile8?
?????????????? ???????????yyy????.????1??????
???????  `???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy ??W?? ???&?
?MathType??p?
???u?????????»????-?????I?H????WH????I?†???W†???u@
th??????wmetafile8? ?????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 A???&??yyyy?????Ayyyyyy???M?? ???&? ?MathType??a?
???u?????????»????-?????S????/???S?3/4???/3/4??
?pN???p????u@th??????Iaei?ino?oa anueiai ?aciiaini? ?aaeeie
?aae?cothoueny aeey iaeeo cia/aiue N.

I?e ciaoiaeaeaii? ?aciiainieo ?aaeei?a aieiaiei i???ioe?ii ?
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy (16). Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an aeeeeeathoue aeiaaeee, eiee ?
oa?aeoa?iee i?e?iaeiee ?eoi T1 ? iaeeaaea?oueny cao?thth/ee ?eoi T2. I?e
oeueiio iiaeia ?aae?coaaoe aea? no?aoaa??. A ia?o?e aieiaiei ne?ae
aaaaeaoe i?e?iaeiee ?eoi T=T1, i?e oeueiio T2=T1/n (n — oe?ea /enei). A
?io?e, iaaiaee, ye aieiaiee iiaeia aeei?enoaoe cao?thth/ee ?eoi T=T2 ?
oiae? a?aeiia?aeii T2=nT1.

Ca aeiiiiiaith ae?aco (20) /e (21) aecia/a?oueny ?ioaineai?noue
aa?iii?ee wmetafile8? ??*????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
 ????&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyyA??W?? ???&? ?MathType??p?
???u?????????»????-?????I?H????WH????I?«???W«???uA
th??????O?ao?e ?icae?e i?noeoue ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/ieo ?aaeei?a aeaeo?e/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy
?ineei ia??ea a nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai a?oioo.

A aaaaoueio ?iaioao anoaiiaeaii, ui iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei ? ii?ii?iaiiy
?ineei c ia??iaeii ne?aeoaaiiy na?oeiaeo oeeee?a /a?ac 20-40 oaeeei, ui
iia’ycaii c iniaeeainoyie ?aaoeyoe?? i?iaeeoiaeo aia?oo?. I?iaaaeaieie
aeine?aeaeaiiyie aoei anoaiiaeaii, ui iaeneiaeueia aeoeaaoe?y aeeoo?ai
aaaeeeaeo i?ioean?a ?ineei ia??e?a a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e ?II c ia??iaeii O
= 60 oaeeei, aecia/aii aaee/eio aeo?ao aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? i?e ooo/iiio
ii?ii?iaii? ia noai?aiiy a?iiane ?icnaaee ia??e?a a caeaaeiino? a?ae
neaaaeiino? na?oeiai? oace i?e ia??iae? 60 oaeeei [5].

Aeine?aee i?iaiaeeeeny a oaeeo oiiaao: ooo/ia ina?oeaiiy noai?thaaeiny
eaiiaie oeio Ae?EO–400 c ?ic?aooieo anoaiiaeaii? iiooaeiino? 250 Ao/i2,
ui a?aeiia?aea? ??aith ina?oeaiino? o 16 oo/i2; u?euei?noue ?ici?uaiiy
?icnaaee (i?e ae?iuoaaii? ?? ia i?ioyc? 20 ae?a) neeaaeaea 25 ?ineei/i2
[8]. sse aeo?aeiee ia?aiao? i?e i?iaaaeaii? aeine?aeo aoei ia?aii nooo
iano, ye iieaciee, ui i?aeaea?oueny a?eueo oi/iiio aei??thaaiith e
iiai?oa oa?aeoa?eco? ??aaiue ?icaeoeo ?icnaaee ia??e?a a oe?eiio. Aeey
aecia/aiiy nooi? iane ona?aaeithaaeanue aeai? ii an?e ieiu?
aenia?eiaioaeueii? ae?eueieoe? i?e noioanoe/iiio aeai?? ?ineei c
cacia/aii? ieiu?.

Ne?ae caoaaaeeoe, ui aia?a?y, aeo?a/aia ia ione aaci?ic?yaeieo eaii, i?e
iaaaeeeeo cia/aiiyo m neeaaea? aaea aeineoue iii?oio /anoeo a?ae
niiaeeoi? ca /an na?oeiai? oace ? iath ia iiaeia iaoooaaoe. A
na?aaeiueiio aeey eaiie Ae?EO-400 aiia neeaea 23,5 Ao aiae/i2.
?acoeueoaoe aeine?ae?a iaaaaeaii ia ?en. 1

Iiaeia aa/eoe, ui c oi/ee ci?o i?i?i?caoe?? aia?aiaeo?ao iioeiaeueiith ?
neaaaei?noue na?oeiai? oace aeecueea aei m=0,5.

Oaeiae aoee i?iaaaeai? aeine?aee ii aecia/aiith aieeao
?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy, aeey /iai ?ineeie ia??e?a aoee
?icaeo? ia o?e a?oie: — ia?oa a?oia iaea?aeoaaea iino?eia ii?ii?iaiiy —
c ?ioaineai?noth 15 oo/i2; — Ae?oaa — ci?iia c /a?aoaaiiyi ?ioaineaiino?
c 15 aei 7 oo/i2; — o?aoy — ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/ia, c /a?aoaaiiyi
na?oeiai? oa oaiiiai? oac c ia??iaeii 30 oaeeei, ?ioaineai?noue
ii?ii?iaiiy a na?oeiao oaco neeaaeaea 15 oo/i2. ?acoeueoaoe iaaaaeaii a
oaae. 1.

Oaaeeoey 1. Aieea ?aaeeio ii?ii?iaiiy ia ?ineeie ia??e?a

?aaeei ii?ii?iaiiyIi?ii?iai?noue, oo/i2Nooa iana, aEeno?aNoaaeaIacaiii?
/anoeieEi?aiyIino?eiee152.11.43.00.2Ci?iiee7-152.31.63.90.24?aciiainii-i
a??iaee/iee152.82.34.60.31

?en. 1. Caeaaei?noue iane ?ineeie (I), aeo?ao aeaeo?e/ii? aia?a?? ca
oeeee (W*) oa aeo?ao aia?a?? ia noai?aiiy nooi? iane ?ineeie (Q)a?ae
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy na?oeiai? oace aei o?eaaeino? oeeeeo (m).

Aiae?coth/e aeai? aeine?ae?a ii ae?iuoaaiith ?icnaaee ia??e?a ia i?ioyc?
20 aei?a i?e ??cieo ?aaeeiao ii?ii?iaiiy, o?aaa a?aecia/eoe, ui
?eoi?/iee na?oeiaee aieea ia ?aciiaini?e /anoio? eieeaaiiy AAI
i?enei?th? oaiie aaaaoaoeaiiai ?inoo ?ineei, i?ioeane ei?aiaooai?aiiy,
noeioeth? aani?aoe?th aeaiaio?a i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy.

Ioaea ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/ia ii?ii?iaiiy ?icnaaee ia??e?a ni?ey?
oi?ioaaiith a?eueoi? anei?eyoe?eii? iiaa?oi? oa c?inoaiith iaeiie/aiiy
nooi? iane ia 30-50%.

A /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? iaaaaeaii ?acoeueoaoe ?ic?iaee aeai?eoi?a ?
oaoi?/ieo cania?a aia?aicaa??aath/iai ?aaoethaaiiy ?aaeei?a aeaeo?e/iiai
ii?ii?iaiiy a nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai ??oioo c aeei?enoaiiyi ?ioi?iaoe??
a?ae ?ineei ia??e?a, a oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe eaai?aoi?ieo ? ae?iaie/eo
aei?iaoaaiue i?eno?i?a aeey ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai ?aaeeio ii?ii?iaiiy
c ?aaoeueiaaiith ?ioaineai?noth.

?ic?iaeaii aeai?eoi ea?oaaiiy ii?ii?iaiiyi .

Aeey ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai aeaeo?iii?ii?iaiiy iai/aaeo eoeueoo? a
oiiaao caoeuaiiai ??oioo aoea ?ic?iaeaia NAO, no?oeoo?ia noaia yei?
i?aaenoaaeaia ia ?en. 2.

?en. 2. No?oeoo?ia noaia NAO aeaeo?iii?ii?iaiiyi.

I?eno??e caaacia/o? ia??iaee/ia ii?ii?iaiiy, aea?? ?aaeeio ?iaioe
ii?ii?ithaa/?a, eiio?ieue ca noaiii i?e?iaeii? ina?oeaiino? oa ii/a?aiaa
aeeth/aiiy eaii c i’yoeoaeeeiiei ?ioa?aaeii, c iaoith iieaaoaiiy ?iaioe
ionei-caoenii? aia?aoo?e. I?ioean ?aaoethaaiiy /anoioe ?eoiicaaeath/iai
aieeao cae?enith?oueny a ?ioa?aae? a?ae 15 aei 60 oaeeei, ui caaacia/o?
?aciiainii-ia??iaee/ia ii?ii?iaiiy ??cieo aeae?a iai/aaeo eoeueoo?.

Ia ?en. 3 i?aaenoaaeaia noaia i?eno?ith aeey ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei a
oaieeoe?.

A oeueiio i?eno?i?a? noeioeyoe?y ?inoo ? ?icaeoeo ?ineeie
caaacia/o?oueny oeyoii aeoeaaoe?? oioineioaoe/iiai aia?aoo ?ineei ca
?aooiie oaaaeaiiy aei??thaaeueieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a a?iaeaeo?e/iiai
iioaioe?aeo, ui caaacia/othoue ia??iaee/io ?iaioo ii?ii?ithaa/?a ia
?aciiaini?e /anoio?. Oea aeinyaa?oueny oeyoii /a?aoaaiiy iecueeiai ?
aenieiai ??aiy ii?ii?iaiino?, i?e oeueiio aacia?a?aii aei??ththoue
aiie?ooaeo eieeaaiue aeaeo?e/iiai iioaioe?aeo i?ae eenoii ?ineeie oa ??
ei?aiaaith oeeeith ca aeiiiiiaith aei??thaaeueieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a
a?iaeaeo?e/iiai iioaioe?aeo ? ii io?eiaiei aeaiei aecia/a?oueny
?aciiainia /anoioa ia??iaee/iino? aeaeo?iii?ii?iaiiy. Naia /anoioa
ia??iaee/iino?, ui ca?aa?oueny c /anoioith aeanieo eieeaaiue ?ineeie
caaacia/o? iaeneiaeueio aiie?ooaeo ci?ie an?o o?c?ieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a
?ineeie c ??cieie aaiioei?/ieie iniaeeainoyie ? a ??cieo noaae?yo
i?aaiiaaiaco, cieaeaiiy aeo?ao aeaeo?iaia?a??, i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino?
aeaeo?e/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy, noeioeyoe?th ?inoo oa ?icaeoeo ?ineei.

I?eno??e i?aoeth? oae: /a?ac eiaei? o?e oaeeeie AII 4 caa?oa?oueny aei
aei??thaaeueiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a a?iaeaeo?e/ieo iioaioe?ae?a (AAI) 1
/a?ac aeie ni?yaeaiiy 3 ? o?eno? aiie?ooaeo eieeaaiue AAI. Iaea?aeoth/e
?ioi?iaoe?th a?ae aei??thaaeueiiai ia?aoai?thaa/a AAI 1, AII 4
aeaiaeeoue ia ae?ai a?ao?ee eieeaaiue AAI, ii yeei aecia/a?oueny /anoioa
ia??iaee/iino? aeaeo?iii?ii?iaiiy, i?ney /iai a?aeaoaa?oueny
ia?aoai?aiiy oeueiai cia/aiiy a eiae, ui iaaeoiaeeoue ii eaiaeo ca’yceo
5 a ?aa?no?e 6 ? 7 i?ia?aiiaaiiai aeieo oi?ioaaiiy ?iioeuen?a ea?oaaiiy,
ui iaeaaeeoue aeieo ea?oaaiiy ia?aiao?aie ia??iaee/iino? I.
Iaeiioaeeeii? ?iioeuene, ui ae?iaeythoueny aaia?aoi?ii oaeoiai? /anoioe
8, iiaeathoueny ia e?/eeueiee ?iioeuen?a 9, yeee ae?iaey? ?iioeuene,
i?iii?oe?ei? /anoio? aeanieo eieeaaiue ?ineei. O?eaa?e 10 ? 11
oi?iothoue ?iioeuene aeey OEN 12. Ea?oth/? neaiaee c aeoiae?a OEN 12
iaaeoiaeyoue ia aeie ?iaeeeaoe?? 13 ? ia ae?i?noi?i? iio?iie nei?noi?ieo
eeth/?a 14, ui cae?eniththoue ea?oaaiiy aeeiiaa/eie iaoai?ciaie 15
(ii?ii?ithaa/?). Aeie eiio?ieth i?e?iaeii? ina?oeaiino? 16, i?e
aeinyaiaii? ii?iaiaiai cia/aiiy, yea aei??th?oueny aeao/eeaie
ina?oeaiino? 17, aeieo? ?iaioo OEN 12, i?e oeueiio a?aeaoaa?oueny
a?aeeeth/aiiy aeeiiaa/eo iaoai?ci?a 15.

?en. 3. Noaia i?eno?ith aeey ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei a oaieeoe?.

Aoee oaeiae i?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ioi?iaoe?? a?ae ?ineei aeey aecia/aiiy ?aciiainii? /anoioe ?o aeanieo
eieeaaiue. A oiae? aeine?ae?a ?ineeie ia??e?a ae?iuoaaeeny a oaieeoe?
i?e i?aeo?eiaii? iioeiaeueiiai ae?aiaciio oaiia?aoo?e, aieiaino?,
aaciaiai neeaaeo iia?o?y oa i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy. ?ineeie
iaea?aeoaaee ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/ia ii?ii?iaiiy ii?ii?ithaa/aie ANI-26.
Aacia?a?aii i?iaiaeeeinue aei??thaaiiy aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue
a?iaeaeo?e/iiai iioaioe?aeo i?ae eenoii ?ineeie oa eiai ei?aiaaith
oeeeith c aeiiiiiaith aei??thaaeueieo ia?aoai?thaa/?a a?iaeaeo?e/ieo
iioaioe?ae?a iaeii/anii a aeae?eueeio ?ineei, ia i?aenoaa? oeeo aeaieo
AII aoaeoaaea a?ao?ee ci?ie aiie?ooaee eieeaaiue a?iaeaeo?e/ieo
iioaioe?ae?a. Ii oeei a?ao?eai aecia/aee na?aaei? cia/aiiy ?aciiainii?
/anoioe aeanieo eieeaaiue ?ineeie (/anoioa, i?e ye?e a?aeaoaa?oueny
neio?ii?caoe?y ?iaioe an?o ee?oei) e o a?aeiia?aeiino? c oeei cia/aiiyi
anoaiiaethaaee /anoioo ia??iaee/iino? aeaeo?iii?ii?iaiiy. Oaeei /eiii
ii?ii?ithaaeueia onoaiiaea i?aoethaaea a ?aaeei?
?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy (/a?aoaaiiy na?oeiaeo ? oaiiiaeo
oac c ?aciiainiith /anoioith), ui i?ecaiaeeei aei aeoeaaoe??
o?c?ieia?/ieo ia?aiao??a. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?ae?a iaaaaeaii a oaae. 2.

Oaaeeoey 2. Noeioeyoe?y ?inoo ?ineei i?e ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiio
ii?ii?iaii?.

Aa??aioNa?aaei? ?ici??e ?ineeiNooa iana, a

Aioiai?noue ?icnaaee aei aenaaeee, aei?aIeoii? aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a??,
eaoaiae/i2Aenioa, niOiaueia, ii*enei eenoe?a, oo.Ieiua eenoe?a,

ii2Eiio?ieueiee3687.2790.23.02185.12Aeine?aeiee339.99.79094.61440.1Aeey
ioe?iee aieeao ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a ia cia/aiiy AAI, ?o ?aiaeoaaiiy oa
iiaoaeiae ?aa?an?eii? iiaeae? aoa i?iaaaeaiee aaaaoioaeoi?iee
aenia?eiaio ca aeiiiiiaith oai??? ieaioaaiiy aenia?eiaioo.

Aiae?c iiia?aaeiuei io?eiaieo aeaieo iieacaa, ui ine?eueee ioeueia?
??ai? aeine?aeaeoaaieo oaeoi??a ciaoiaeyoueny iiaeeco aei iioeioio, oiio
iaea?eueo aeioe?eueiei aeey iiaoaeiae ?aa?an?eii? iiaeae? ae?oaiai
ii?yaeeo ? o?ueio??aiaaee ieai ae?oaiai ii?yaeeo Aiena-Aaie?ia.
Aeenia?n?th a?aeoai?thaaiino? ioe?ithaaee ii ?acoeueoaoao o?ueio
aeine?ae?a a ioeueia?e oi/oe?. Aeey ciaioaiiy aieeao aeiaaeeiaeo
ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a ia aeo?aeio aaee/eio Y, aeine?aee i?iaiaeeee a
?aiaeii?ciaaiiio ii?yaeeo a 4-e?aoi?e iiaoi?iino?.

Oaeoi?e ci?ithaaeenue a oaeeo iaaeao: –   ina?oeai?noue X1 —  0…50
Ao/i2;

–   oaiia?aoo?a  X2 — 10… 30 N; –  ia??iae  X3 — 25… 60 oa.

Iaea?aeaii iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue a?iaeaeo?e/ii? ?aaeoe?? (AA?) i?e ae??
ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a a eiaeiaaieo ci?iieo:

Y = 52.4 + 10.05X1 – 17.24 X2 + 21.3 X3 + 1.95 X1 X2 +

+ 4.25 X1 X3 + 6.6 X2 X3 + 2.74 X12 — 7.7 X22 + 11.1 X32
. (22)

??aiyiiy (22) aeicaiey? c?iaeoe aeniiaie, ui aieea ae?th/eo oaeoi??a
iiaeia aaaaeaoe aaeaeeoeaiei.

A i’yoiio ?icae?e? aeey aecia/aiiy aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo aa??aio?a
?aaeeio ?II aoee c?iaeai? aeine?aeaeaiiy oa ae?iaie/? aei?iaoaaiiy, ye?
i?iaaaeeeeny a oaiee/iiio ainiiaea?noa? “Iaiuaaiae” (i. Iae?oiiieue) a
aenia?eiaioaeuei?e oaieeoe?, yeo aoei iiae?eaii ia /ioe?e naeoe??
ieiuath a 100 i2 eiaeia [6]. ?iaioe i?iaiaeeeenue ia i?ioyc? aeiaoiy –
aa?aciy naciio 1997/98 ?ie?a. ?acoeueoaoe iaaaaeaii a oaae. 3.
Aeei?enoiaoaaeenue ?oooi? eaiie aenieiai oeneo Ae?EO–400 ?icoaoiaai? c
?ic?aooieo iaea?aeaiiy 250 Ao/i2 anoaiiaeaii? iiooaeiino?, ui iiaee
noai?thaaoe iaeneiaeueio ii?ii?iai?noue aei 16 oo/i2. Ii?ii?ithaaeanue
?icnaaea ia??e?a ONOA-77 o a?oe? 12 ae?a ( i?ney ?icnoaiiaee), ui aoea
?icoaoiaaia c u?euei?noth 25 ?ineei ia 1 i2, ia i?ioyc? 20 ae?a c
o?eaae?noth na?oeiaiai ia??iaeo 13 aiaeei ia aeiao. I?e i?iaaaeaii?
aeine?aeo o?enoaaeeny: aia?aiaeo?aoe ca ia??iae ae?iuoaaiiy ?icnaaee ia
i?ioyc? 20 ae?a; — na?aaei?e i?e??no nooi? iane ?ineei ca oeae ia??iae.

A ia?oiio aa??aio? ??aaiue ooo/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy ci?ithaaany c 16 oo/i2
ia 8 oo/i2 c ia??iaeii 60 oaeeei aac a?aooaaiiy i?e?iaeii? ina?oeaiino?.
A ae?oaiio aa??aio? (i?e a?aooaaii? ??aiy i?e?iaeii? ina?oeaiino?),
eaiie, ye? noai?thaaee iino?eio neeaaeiao ii?ii?iaiiy, aoee ?iciiae?eai?
ia 3 a?oie, ui aeicaieyei ci?ithaaoe ??aaiue ooo/ii? oiiiai?
ina?oeaiino? a caeaaeiino? a?ae i?e?iaeii? ca aeiiiiiaith i?eno?ith
O?II? 0,5–4–02 (?en. 2), yeee aoei iniauaii aeieii aei??thaaiiy
i?e?iaeii? ina?oeaiino? oa aeieii ?aaoethaaiiy oiiiai? neeaaeiai?
ooo/iiai ina?oeaiiy, c iaoith caaacia/aiiy iino?eiino? noia?ii?
ina?oeaiino?.

A oaae. 3 iaaaaeaii oaeiae ?acoeueoaoe aeey iaci?iiiai ??aiy oiiiaiai
ooo/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy 16 oo/i2 (a oaeiae aeey ?II c? ci?iith ??aiy
ii?ii?iaiiy c 0 aei 16 oo/i2, c ia??iaeii 60 oaeeei). A?aooaaiiy
i?e?iaeiiai oiio ina?oeaiiy iaea?eueo iii?oia a i?nyoeyo c a?aeiinii
aenieeie ??aiyie oeueiai oiio: aeiiii?y aia?a?? ia noai?aiiy 1 ea nooi?
iane a aa?aci? neeaaea? iaeaea 9 %.

Oaaeeoey 3. Aeiiii?/i?noue canoinoaaiiy ??cieo ?aaeei?a ?II.

?aaeeieI?nyoeueOO?O????????Iino?eia ina?oeaiiy 16
oo/i2W,eAoaiae/i2656565656565M,ea10-34.44.23.94.14.34.6Qieo,
eAoaiae/ea591619667634605565?aaeei ?II16/8
oo/i2W,eAoaiae/i257.357.357.357.357.357.3M,ea10-37.97.67.37.88.09.0Qieo,
eAoaiae/ea290302313294286254C a?aooaaiiyi i?e?iaeiiai oiiiaiai
ina?oeaiiy 16/8
oo/i2W,eAoaiae/i247.149.353.149.646.439.5M,ea10-36.756.756.86.86.756.8Qi
eo,eAoaiae/ea27929231229127523216/0
oo/i2W,eAoaiae/i238.238.238.238.238.238.2M,ea10-35.25.04.85.15.35.4Qieo,
eAoaiae/ea294306318299288273Ioaea ?aaeei ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai
ii?ii?ithaaiiy c a?aooaaiiyi i?e?iaeii? neeaaeiai? oiiiaiai ina?oeaiiy ?
iaea?eueo aoaeoeaiei c oi/ee ci?o aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy.

??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo a?ae ai?iaaaeaeaiiy ?aaeeio
?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei ia??e?a a oiiaao caoeuaiiai
a?oioo neeaaea? a?ey 215364 a?eaaiue, oa?i?i ieoiiino? eai?oaeueieo
aeeaaeaiue aei??aith? 0,41 ?ieo;

AENIIAEE

1. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie aiae?co oeyo?a aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy i?e
aeaeo?iii?ii?iaii? ?ineei a oiiaao caoeuaiiai a?oioo anoaiiaeaii, ui
cieaeaiiy aia?aiaeo?ao, ye? neeaaeathoue aei 60% nia?aa?oino? iai/?a,
iiaeia caaacia/eoe aeaiia oeyoaie: iaeneiaeueiei aeei?enoaiiyi ea?oth/eo
aieea?a oa iioei?caoe??th aia?aaoe/ieo aieea?a.

2. I?iaiae?ciaaii iiaeeea?noue cieaeaiiy aeo?ao aia?a?? a nii?oaeao
caoeuaiiai a?oioo oeyoii ocaiaeaeaiiy ?aaeei?a ?iaioe ii?ii?ith/eo
onoaiiaie c iio?aaaie ?ineei, ia i?aenoaa? /iai io?eiaii, ui aeey aeai?o
iioeiaeueieo oiia ae?iuoaaiiy n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?
iaiao?aeii a?aoiaoaaoe ?ioi?iaoe?th i?i ?oi?e noai, ?icaeyaeath/e
?ineeio ye ia’?eo ?aaoethaaiiy ? ?ic?iaeyoe a?aeiia?aeio nenoaio
?aaoethaaiiy ia?aiao??a iaaeieeoiueiai na?aaeiaeua ye nenoaio c?
cai?ioiei ca’yceii.

3. Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaii iiaeeea?noue oi?aae?iiy aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noth
?ineei ca aeiiiiiaith ia??iaee/ieo ?aciiainieo ?aaeei?a. .Io?eiaii oiiae
no?eeiai noaoe?iia?iiai ?icaeoeo a?inenoaie, iani- ? aia?aiiai?io i?ae
a?iiaia?aiith ? ioi/oth/ei na?aaeiaeuai. Aecia/aii oe?eio ?aciiainii?
iaeano? O[900 n…5400 n], anoaiiaeaii aca?iica’ycee i?ae ia?aiao?aie, ca
yeeo cae?enith?oueny ia?aiao?e/iee ?aciiain.

4. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/ieo ?aaeei?a
aeaeo?e/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy (?II) ?ineei ia??e?a aeicaieeee anoaiiaeoe, ui
iaeneiaeueia aeoeaaoe?y ?inoo oa ?icaeoeo ?ineei a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e ?II
c ia??iaeii O=3600n, ??aiai ii?ii?iaiino? a?ae 15 Ao/i2 aei 35 Ao/i2;
iioeiaeueiei ye c oi/ee ci?o io?eiaiiy iaea?eueo ?icaeiaieo ?ineei, oae
? c oi/ee ci?o i?i?i?caoe?? ieoiieo aia?aiaeo?ao ? cia/aiiy neaaaeiino?
na?oeiai? oace, aeecuee? aei m=5.

5. Aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy aeyaeee aenieee iiceoeaiee aieea ?II
ia ?ineeie ia??e?a a oiiaao caoeuaiiai a?oioo, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny
cieaeaiiyi aia?aiaeo?ao ia noai?aiiy nooi? iane ?ineei o ii??aiyii? c
iino?eiei ii?ii?iaiiyi ?ineei ia 53%; anoaiiaeaii, ui ?aaeei ?II c
a?aooaaiiyi i?e?iaeii? neeaaeiai? oiiiaiai ina?oeaiiy ? iaea?eueo
aoaeoeaiei c oi/ee ci?o aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy: aeiaeaoeiaa aeiiii?y aia?a??
ia noai?aiiy 1 ea nooi? iane iiaea aeinyaaoe 9%.

6. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie oai?aoe/iiai aiae?co oa aenia?eiaioaeueieo
aeine?aeaeaiue anoaiiaeaii, ui aeoeaaoe?y o?c?ieia?/ieo i?ioean?a
?ineeiiiai i?aai?cio a?aeaoaa?oueny i?e ca?aaii? /anoioe aeaeo?e/iiai
ii?ii?iaiiy ?c /anoioith aioo??oi?o eieeaaiue ?ineeie (O[900 n…3600 n]),
ui aeicaieeei iaa?oiooaaoe niin?a aeaeo?e/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei o
oaieeoeyo; ?ic?iaeaiee i?eno??e, aeey ?aae?caoe?? oeueiai niiniao
ii?ii?iaiiy, aeicaiey? ca ?ioi?iaoe??th, ui io?eiaia a?ae naii? ?ineeie,
aeeiiaoe ?aaoethaaiiy ia??iaeo ii?ii?iaiiy o iaaeao O[900n…3600n].

7. Ae?iaie/? aei?iaoaaiiy ?II ?ineei ia??e?a o ENI “Ethaeiianeia “
(Eaoianueeee ?aeii, Oa?niinueea iaeanoue) ? a aa?io??i? “Iaiuaaiae“ (i.
Iae?oiiieue, Caii??cueea iaeanoue) iieacaee, ui iaea?aeaiiy aioiai? aei
aenaaeee i?iaeoeoe?? nei?i/o?oueny ia 6 aei?a, oea?o?iiy ianooia? ia 4
aeiy ?ai?oa, i?ae i?e iino?eiiio ii?ii?iaii?, o?iaeaei?noue
i?aeaeuo?oueny ia 40 %, a oe?eiio ieoii? aeo?aoe aeaeo?iaia?a?? i?e
canoinoaaii? ?II c a?aooaaiiyi i?e?iaeii? neeaaeiai? oiiiaiai ina?oeaiiy
cieaeothoueny a?eueo i?ae ia 40 %.

8. Oaoi?ei-aeiiii?/i? ?ic?aooiee iieacaee, ui ??/iee aeiiii?/iee aoaeo
a?ae canoinoaaiiy ?II ?ineei ia??e?a neeaaea? a?ey 215364 a?eaaiue,
oa?i?i ieoiiino? eai?oaeueieo aeeaaeaiue aei??aith? 0,41 ?ieo;
anoaiiaeaii ui i?e i?eoyaiaii? iiceeiaeo cania?a (i?e aeeneiioi?e
noaaoe? IAO 34%; i?ioeaioi?e noaaoe? aaieo ia a?euei? caniae th?eaee/ii?
iniae =0,72), aai i?e iai?yieo aeanieo eioo?a (i?e =0,15) ai?iaaaeaeaiiy
?II aoaea aeiiii?/ii aeioe?eueiei.

NIENIE I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe??

1. Ieeeoi?iaa E.?. Aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy i?e aeaeo?iii?ii?iaii? iai/aaeo
eoeueoo? o nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai a?oioo // Na. iao/. o?.: Iaoeiaee a?niee
iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. – Ee?a, 1998. — ? 10. —
N. 33-41.

2. Ieeeoi?iaa E.?. ?aciiaini? ?aaeeie oi?aae?iiy
aeeoo?ae?yeuei?noth ?ineei ca aeiiiiiaith aeaeo?iiaai?oieo iie?a. // Na.
iao/. o?. .: Iaoeiaee a?niee iaoe?iiaeueiiai aa?a?iiai oi?aa?neoaoo. –
Ee?a, 1998. — ? 10. — N. 42-49.

3. Ieeeoi?iaa E.?. Aeai?eoi oi?aaeaiey ?aciiainii-ia?eiaee/aneei
?aaeeiii iaeo/aiey iaiuiuo eoeueoo? a oneiaeyo caueuaiiiai a?oioa e
ono?ienoai aeey aai ?aaeecaoeee // Na. iao/. o?.: Oaoieea a
naeueneioicyenoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa. – Iaeeoiiieue, OAAOA, 1997. —
Aui. 1., O. 3. — N. 5-7.

4. Aeei?aeeaa A.O., Ieeeoi?iaa E.A. Aeeyiea ?aciiainii–ia?eiaee/aneiai
?aaeeia iaeo/aiey ia ?annaaeo iao?oeia a caueuaiiii a?oioa // Na. iao/.
o?.: Oaoieea a naeueneioicyenoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa : Iaeeoiiieue, OAAOA,
1997. — Aui. 1., O. 3. — N. 3-5. (Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — 80%.
I?iaaaeai? aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?II ?ineei ia??e?a).

5. Ieeeoi?iaa E.?. ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue
aoaeoeaiino? ?aaeei?a ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy ?icnaaee
ia??e?a.// Na. iao/. o?: O?oaeu Oaa?e/aneie ainoaea?noaaiiie
aa?ioaoie/aneie aeaaeaiee: Iaeeoiiieue – 1998. – Aui.1, O.7. N. 90-93

6. Ae?i?ae??a A.O., Ieeeoi?iaa E.?., Naai A.A. Iioei?caoe?y ?aaeei?a
?aciiainii–ia??iaee/iiai ii?ii?ithaaiiy ?icnaaee ia??e?a ca e?eoa???i
aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy // Na.  iao/. o?.:  O?oaeu Oaa?e/aneie
ainoaea?noaaiiie aa?ioaoie/aneie aeaaeaiee: Iaeeoiiieue – 1998. – Aui.1,
O. 7. – N.90-93.(Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — 70%. I?iaaaeai?
aenia?eiaioaeuei? aeine?aeaeaiiy ??cieo aa??aio?a ?II ?ineei ia??e?a).

7. Ieeeoi?iaa E.A., Naai A.A., Oaaaea N.I. Yia?ainaa?aaathuee yooaeo i?e
?eoie/aneeo eciaiaieyo inaauaiey i?e au?aueaaiee ?anoaiee a oneiaeyo
caueuaiiiai a?oioa // Iaoa?eaeu ?anioae. iao/ii–oaoi. naieia?a ii
oeo/oaieth iieacaoaeae oaieiauo aeaeaaoaeae e ?ano?ninaa?aaeaieth. –
Iaeeoiiieue, OAAOA. — 1995. — N. 22 (Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a — 60%.
I?iaaaeai? eaai?aoi?i? aeine?aeaeaiiy ?II ?ineei ia??e?a).

8. Ieeeoi?iaa E.?. Caeaaei?noue a?iaeaeo?e/ii? ?aaeoe?? ?ineei a?ae ae??
ciai?oi?o oaeoi??a // Na. iao/. o?.: O?oaeu Oaa?e/aneie ainoaea?noaaiiie
aa?ioaoie/aneie aeaaeaiee-Aui. 1. O. 8.- Iaeeoiiieue: OAAOA, 1998. —
N. 47-51

9. Ieeeoi?iaa E.?. Iaa?oiooaaiiy aia?aicaa??aath/eo ?aaeei?a
aeaeo?e/iiai ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei ia??ea a oiiaao caoeuaiiai a?oioo
//Na.iao/.o?.:O?oaeu Oaa?e/aneie ainoaea?noaaiiie aa?ioaoie/aneie
aeaaeaiee- Aui. 1. O. 8.  – Iaeeoiiieue: OAAOA, 1998. — N. 41-46

10. Iao. ?25497 A Oe?a?ia, I E E6 A I1 G 9/26. Ciin?a ii?ii?iaiiy
?ineei o oaieeoeyo oa i?eno??e aeey eiai cae?eniaiiy / Ieeeoi?iaa E.?.
(Oe?a?ia). – ?98031318; Caya 17.03.98; Iioae. 30.10.98, Athe. ? 6.
(4c).

AIIOAOe?ss

Ieeeoi?iaa E.A. Iaa?oiooaaiiy aia?aicaa??aath/eo ?aaeei?a aeaeo?e/iiai
ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei ia??e?a a oiiaao caoeuaiiai a?oioo. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe
ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 05.20.02 – Canoinoaaiiy aeaeo?ioaoiieia?e o
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeiio ae?iaieoeoa?. – Oaa??enueea aea?aeaaia
aa?ioaoi?/ia aeaaeai?y, Iae?oiiieue, 1999.

Aeena?oaoe?th i?enay/aii ieoaiiyi ?ic?iaee niinia?a ? i?eno?i?a aeey
i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aeei?enoaiiy aia?ai?ano?n?a i?e ae?iuoaaii?
?ineei ia??e?a a nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai a?oioo. Aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao
na?oeiaeo ?aaeei?a iieacaei, ui ?eoi?/ia na?oeiaa ae?y ia ?aciiaini?e
/anoio? eieeaaiue a?iaeaeo?e/ii? aeoeaiino? ?ineei noeioeth? oaiie ?o
?inoo, i?ioeane ei?aiaooai?aiiy ? iiaeeiaiiy aeaiaio?a i?ia?aeueiiai
aeeaeaiiy. Ia oe?e iniia? ?ic?iaeai? aeai?eoie ? i?eno?i?
aia?aicaa??aath/iai ?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iiai ?aaoethaaiiy aeaeo?e/iiai
ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei a nii?oaeao caoeuaiiai a?oioo c aeei?enoaiiyi
?ioi?iaoe?? a?ae ?ineei.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ii?ii?iaiiy ?ineei, aia?aicaa?aaeaiiy,
?aciiainii-ia??iaee/iee ?aaeei.

THE SUMMARY

Nikiforova L.E. A substantiation of power-saving modes of an electrical
irradiation of plants of a cucumber in conditions of the protected
ground. — Manuscript.

Thesis for a candidate’s degree by speciality 05.20.02 – Using of
electrotechnologies application in agricultural production.- Tavria
State Academy, Melitopol, 1999.

The dissertation is devoted to questions of development of ways and
devices for increase of efficiency of use of power resources at
cultivation of plants of a cucumber in structures of the protected
ground. The research of influence of change of light modes has shown,
that the rhythmic light influence on resonant frequency of fluctuations
of bioelectrical activity of plants stimulates rates of their growth,
processes root formation and absorption of elements of a mineral feed.
On this basis the algorithms and devices of power-saving of
resonance-periodic regulation of an electrical irradiation of plants in
structures of the protected ground with use of the information from
plants are developed.

Key words: an irradiation of plants, resonance-periodic mode,
power-saving modes.

AIIIOAOeEss

Ieeeoi?iaa E.A. Iainiiaaiea yia?ainaa?aaathueo ?aaeeiia yeaeo?e/aneiai
iaeo/aiey ?anoaiee iao?oeia a oneiaeyo caueuaiiiai a?oioa. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oaoie/aneeo iaoe
ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 05.20.02 – I?eiaiaiea yeaeo?ioaoiieiaee a
naeueneioicyenoaaiiii i?iecaiaenoaa. – Oaa?e/aneay ainoaea?noaaiiay
aa?ioaoie/aneay aeaaeaiey, Iaeeoiiieue, 1999.

Iainiiaaia aeooaeueiinoue aua?aiiie oaiu enneaaeiaaiee, noi?ioee?iaaia
oeaeue e caaea/e enneaaeiaaiee. I?iaiaeece?iaaiu iooe yia?ainaa?aaeaiey
i?e yeaeo?iiaeo/aiee oaiee/iuo eoeueoo?, ?anniio?aii aeeyiea
ia?eiaee/aneeo i?ioeannia ia nenoaio ?aaoeyoeee aeeauo i?aaieciia.
I?iaiaeece?iaaiu aiciiaeiinoe nieaeaiey yia?aicao?ao a nii?oaeaiey
caueuaiiiai a?oioa iooai niaeaniaaiey ?aaeeiia ?aaiou iaeo/aoaeueiie
onoaiiaee n iio?aaiinoyie ?anoaiee, a ?acoeueoaoa /aai ii?aaeaeaii, /oi
aeey auai?a iioeiaeueiuo oneiaee au?aueaaiey oaiee/iuo eoeueoo?
iaiaoiaeeii o/eouaaoue eioi?iaoeeth ia eo ninoiyiee, ?anniao?eaay
?anoaiea eae iauaeo ?aaoee?iaaiey e ?ac?aaaouaaoue niioaaonoaothuoth
nenoaio ?aaoee?iaaiey ia?aiao?aie ie?oaeathuae n?aaeu eae nenoaio n
ia?aoiie naycueth.

Aiaeec iioaeeeiaaiiuo ?aaio ii oai?ee e i?aeoeea eiioeueniiai iaeo/aiey
?anoaiee iicaieee naeaeaoue caeeth/aiea i oii, /oi aeeyiea
ia?eiaee/aneiai iaeo/aiey ia yooaeoeaiinoue oioineioaca, a a eiia/iii
eoiaa ia iiauoaiea o?iaeaeiinoe yaeyaony ia?niaeoeaiui, iaeiaei inoaaony
iaaeinoaoi/ii eco/aiiui; iaiaoiaeeii iainiiauaaoue ia oieueei
eioaa?aeueiue iieacaoaeue inaauaiiinoe, ii e iaeneiaeueiue e
ieieiaeueiue o?iaaiue iaeo/aiiinoe, i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue naaoiaie oacu,
aeeeoaeueiinoue iaocu iaaeaeo naaoiauie eiioeuenaie, iauoth
i?iaeieaeeoaeueiinoue ?aaiou iaeo/aoaeae ia i?ioyaeaiee nooie a
caaeneiinoe io oacu ?acaeoey ?anoaiee.

Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaia aiciiaeiinoue oi?aaeaiey aeeciaaeayoaeueiinoueth
?anoaiee i?e iiiiue ia?eiaee/aneeo ?aciiainiuo ?aaeeiia. Iieo/aiu
oneiaey onoie/eaiai noaoeeiia?iiai ?acaeoey aeinenoaiu, ianni- e
yia?aiiaiaia iaaeaeo aeiiaia?aiie e ie?oaeathuae n?aaeie. Ii?aaeaeaia
oe?eia ?aciiainiie iaeanoe O [900n…5400n], onoaiiaeaia acaeiinaycue
iaaeaeo ia?aiao?aie, i?e eioi?uo inouanoaeyaony ia?aiao?e/aneee
?aciiain.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey ?aciiainii-ia?eiaee/aneiai ?aaeeia
iaeo/aiey (?II) ?anoaiee iao?oeia iicaieeee onoaiiaeoue, /oi
iaeneiaeueiay aeoeaecaoeey ?inoa e ?acaeoey ?anoaiee inouanoaeyaony i?e
?II n ia?eiaeii O=3600n, o?iaiai iaeo/aiiinoe- io 15 Ao/i2 aei 35 Ao/i2;
iioeiaeueiuie eae n oi/ee c?aiey iieo/aiey aieaa ?acaeouo ?anoaiee oae
e n oi/ee c?aiey ieieiecaoeee oaeaeueiuo yia?aicao?ao yaeythony
cia/aiey neaaaeiinoe naaoiaie oacu aeeceea e m=5.

Yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey aeieacaee iieiaeeoaeueiia aeeyiea ?II
ia ?anoaiey iao?oeia a oneiaeyo caueuaiiiai a?oioa, /oi
iiaeoaa?aeaeaaony nieaeaieai yia?aicao?ao ia nicaeaiea nooie iannu
?anoaiee ii n?aaiaieth n iinoiyiiui iaeo/aieai ia 53%.

I?iaaaeaiiua yenia?eiaioaeueiua enneaaeiaaiey ?acee/iuo aa?eaioia
?aaeeiia ?II, iicaieeee onoaiiaeoue, /oi ?aaeei ?II n o/aoii
anoanoaaiiie ninoaaeythuae oiiiaiai inaauaiey yaeyaony iaeaieaa
yooaeoeaiui n oi/ee c?aiey yia?ainaa?aaeaiey (aeiiieieoaeueiay yeiiiiey
yia?aee ia ia?aciaaiea 1 ea nooie iannu iiaeao aeinoeaaoue 9%).

Ii ?acoeueoaoaie oai?aoe/aneiai aiaeeca e yenia?eiaioaeueiuo
enneaaeiaaiee onoaiiaeaii, /oi aeoeaecaoeey oeceieiae/aneeo i?ioeannia
?anoeoaeueiiai i?aaiecia inouanoaeyaony i?e niaiaaeaiee /anoiou
ia?aiaiiiai yeaeo?e/aneiai iaeo/aiey n /anoioie aioo?aiieo eieaaaiee
?anoaiey (O[900n…3600n]), /oi iicaieeei iainiiaaoue niinia
yeaeo?e/aneiai iaeo/aiey ?anoaiee a oaieeoeao; ?ac?aaioaiiia ono?ienoai
aeey ?aaeecaoeee yoiai niiniaa iaeo/aiey iicaieyao ii eioi?iaoeee,
iieo/aiiie io naiiai ?anoaiey inouanoaeoue ?aaoee?iaaiea ia?eiaea
iaeo/aiey a i?aaeaeao: O[900n…3600n].

I?iecaiaenoaaiiua eniuoaiey ?II ?anoaiee iao?oeia a ENI “Ethaeiianeia “
(Eaoianeiai ?aeiia, Oa?niineay iaeanoue) e a aa?ioe?ia “Iaiuaaiae“ (a.
Iaeeoiiieue, Caii?iaeneay iaeanoue) iieacaee, /oi iieo/aiea aioiaie e
aunaaeea i?iaeoeoeee nie?auaaony ia 6 aeiae, oeaaoaiea ianooiaao ia 4
aeiy ?aiueoa, /ai i?e iinoiyiiii iaeo/aiee, n?aaeiyy o?iaeaeiinoue ca
aeaa iai?ioa iiauoaaony ia 7,4 ea/i2, a iauai oaeaeueiua cao?aou
yeaeo?iyia?aee i?e eniieueciaaiee ?II c o/aoii anoanoaaiiie
ninoaaeythuae oiiiaiai inaauaiey nieaeathony n 85,12 aei 40,1 eao.
/an/i2.

Oaoieei-yeiiiie/aneea ?an/aou iieacaee, /oi aiaeiaie yeiiiie/aneee
yooaeo io eniieueciaaiey ?II ?anoaiee iao?oeia ninoaaeyao ieiei 215364
a?eaai, n?ie ieoiaaiinoe eaieoaeueiuo aeiaeaiee ?aaai 0,41 ?ieo;
onoaiiaeaii /oi i?e i?eaea/aiee caaiiuo n?aaenoa (i?e aeeneiioiie noaaea
IAO 34%; i?ioeaioiie noaaea aaiea ia naiaiaeiua n?aaenoaa
th?eaee/aneiio eeoeo =0,72), eee i?e iai?aaeaiee /anoiuo aeaiaa (i?e
=0,15) aiaae?aiea ?II aoaeao yeiiiie/anee auaiaeiui.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iaeo/aiea ?anoaiee, yia?ainaa?aaeaiea,
?aciiainii-ia?eiaee/aneee ?aaeei.

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