3

Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa

A?EOeAIEI Aaea??e A?eai?iae/

OAeE 372.853

IIA? ?IOI?IAOe?EI? OAOIIEIA??

I?E AEA*AII? NOAOENOE*IEO CAEIIII??IINOAE

O I?IOeAN? I?AeAIOIAEE A*EOAE?A O?CEEE

13.00.02 — oai??y ? iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy oiceee

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a-1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioa aeeiiaia a *a?eanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?

ii.A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie, i.*a?eane.

Iaoeiaee ea?iaiee: aeieoi? oiceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

AONAE AIAe?IE IEOAEEIAE*,

*a?eanueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

ii.A.Oiaeueieoeueeiai, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee oa
iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy o?ceee.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?,

aeaaeai?e I?aeia?iaeii? iaaeaaia?/ii? aeaaeai??

NA?A??A IEAENAIAe? AANEEUeIAE*,

Caii??cueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e o?ceee oa iaoiaeeee ?? aeeeaaeaiiy;

eaiaeeaeao iaaeaaia?/ieo iaoe

AEOE TH??E IEAEN?EIAE*,

?inoeooo ci?noo ? iaoiae?a iaa/aiiy, caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo aeeaeaeoe/ieo
cania?a.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: ?inoeooo iaaeaaia?ee ? ineoieia?? i?ioan?eii?
ina?oe, eaai?aoi??y aeui? ina?oe, AII Oe?a?ie, i.Ee?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny » 25 » o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo i 13-45 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae26.053.03 a Iaoe?iiaeueiiio
iaaeaaia?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa, (252601, Ee?a, aoe.
Ie?iaiaa,9).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Iaoe?iiaeueiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? I.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa (252601, Ee?a, aoe.
Ie?iaiaa,9).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee » 14 » ea?oiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee ?.A. Ei?oae

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaeiei c aieiaieo caaaeaiue
caaaeueiiina?oiuei? oeiee, ye? aecia/a? aea?aeaaia iaoe?iiaeueia
i?ia?aia «Ina?oa» (Oe?a?ia XXI noie?ooy), ? noai?aiiy oiia aeey
oi?ioaaiiy ina?/aii?, oai?/i? iniaenoino?, ?aae?caoe?? oa
naii?aae?caoe?? ?? i?e?iaeieo caaeaoe?a ? iiaeeeainoae a ina?oiueiio
i?ioean?. O ca’yceo c oeei, o i?ia?ai?, na?aae iniiaieo oeyo?a
?aoi?ioaaiiy ina?oe iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?eaia i?aeaioiaoe? iiai?
aaia?aoe?? iaaeaaia?/ieo eaae??a, i?aeaeuaiith ?o i?ioan?eiiai oa
caaaeueiieoeueoo?iiai ??aiy. Ia?niaeoeaiei oeyoii ?aae?caoe?? oaei?
i?ia?aie ? ai?iaaaeaeaiiy a iaa/aeueiee i?ioean, ye oeiee oae ? aoco,
iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e, ui i?aeaeuothoue ??aaiue ina?oe oa
oaeineiiaeththoue ye?noue iaa/aiiy ca ?aooiie ?ioaineo?eaoe??
iaa/aeueii-aeoiaiiai i?ioeano. Ia i?aaaeeeee aeaeue no?iieee ?icaeoie
ia/enethaaeueieo caniaia ye i?ia?aiieo, oae i aia?aoieo, ia i?eaiaeeoue
aei oaeiai ae no?iieiai aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo iaoiaeia
iiaeaethaaiiy a iaa/aii? oiceee. A iao /an ?icaeoie iioi?iaoeee /anoi
caieea?oueny ia naii?icaeoeo, eiee aieueoinoue i?ia?aiieo i?iaeoeoia i
iniiaii neee i?ia?aiinoia iaoeieaii ia ianeoaiaoaaiiy ?iaioe naieo
eiii’thoa?ia, a ia ia ?o oe?ieiiaooaaia aeei?enoaiiy a noiiaeieo
iaeanoyo. Aeey ciiie oaiaeaioei? iio?iaia iiaeaioiaea a/eoaeia
i?e?iaeie/eo iaoe, yei aieiaeithoue eiii’thoa?ieie oaoiieiaiyie.

?noioiueith iniaeea?noth iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy ?
i???ioaoe?y ia ?iaeea?aeoaeueiee i?aeo?ae aei iaa/aiiy o/iy /e
nooaeaioa. Oai?aoeei-iaoiaeieia?/ia i?aea?oioy aeaiiai i?aeoiaeo
caeeaaeaia a i?aoeyo E.N.Aeaionueeiai, A.A.Aeaaeaeiaa, E.A.Caieiaa oa
?i. ?ice?eooth noo?, no?oeoo?e oa ci?noo iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii?
ae?yeueiino? o/i?a i?enay/aii ?iaioe TH.E.Aaaainueeiai,
I.A.Iai/einueei?, ?.O.Iai?iaei?eiaa, Ae.?.Iaiia?a, I.I.Iioaoieea,
I.I.Neaoe?ia. Ineoieia?/i? iniiae i?aai?caoe?? iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny I.ss.Aaeueia??iei, A.A.E?ooaoeueeei, ?.ss.Eai?iith,
?.ss.Ea?ia?ii, I.I.Eaiioue?aei, A.I.Iieuoeii, A.A.Iao?ianueeei,
I.O.Oaeec?iith, A.?.Uoe?iith oa ?i; aeaye? aniaeoe iioei?caoe?? iaoeiai?
i?aai?caoe?? iaaeaaia?/ii? i?aoe? aena?oeaii a i?aoeyo
N.?.A?oaiaaeuenueeiai, TH.E.Aaaainueeiai, I.A.Iie?aiaa, ?.I.?aae/aiei,
I.A.*a?i?inueeiai oa ?i.

Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe ?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?? aea/aiiy iniia iaoe
aena?oeaii a i?aoeyo I.ss.Aaeueia??ia, A.N.Einothea, C.?.Ne?ieaiue,
?.N.sseeiainueei? oa aaaaoueio ?ioeo.

Ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/i? aniaeoe aeei?enoaiiy I?O a iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean?
aeine?aeaeoaaeeny a ?iaioao A.I.C?i/aiea, TH.?.Iaoaeoey, A.A.?oaoeiaa,
I.O.Oaeec?ii?, ?.I.ssaeiia oa ?i.

I?iaeaiaie ?ic?iaee iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy o?ceee a oiiaao nenoaiiiai
aeei?enoaiiy I?O ? noai?aiiyi iaaeaaia?/ieo i?ia?aiieo cania?a, ye? a
a?aeiia?aeaee ?ic?iaeaiei iaoiaeeeai caeiaeeny E.?.Aioeeoa?ia,
I.?.Aoaaeia, I.?.AEaeaeae, I.I.AEaethe, TH.I.AEoe, A.I.?caic/eeia,
I.A.Eioey?aanueeee, I.A.Na?a??a, A.?.Oeuoe oa ?i. ?acii c oei, o ina?o?
? ua aaeeea e?euee?noue iaae??oaieo i?iaeai iia’ycaieo c ?ic?iaeith
iaoiaeeee canoinoaaiiy I?O iaa/aiiy, cie?aia, noiniaii aea/aiiy
noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a.

Ocaaaeueieaoe ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue, ye? i?enay/ai? i?iaeaiai
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy o o?ceoe?, ie
i?eeoee aei aeniiaeo ui iaeaieueo ia?niaeoeaiei oeyoii canoinoaaiiy
eiii’thoa?ia aeey aea/aiiy oiceee ? noai?aiiy i?iaeaiieo neooaoeie, eiee
nooaeaio /e o/aiue ia eeoa ciiith? ia?aiao?e aioiai? iiaeaethth/i?
i?ia?aie, aea i i?eeia? aeoeaio o/anoue a ?? noai?aiii aai
iiaeeoieaoei?. Iaeei ic caniaia iioaineoieaoei? i?ioeano aea/aiiy oiceee
a na?aaeiie oa aeuie oeiei ie aaa/a?ii o noai?aii? eiii’thoa?iiai
i?aeoeeoio, yeee aoaeo?oueny ia oeo aea i?eioeeiao, ui i cae/iee
eaai?aoi?iee i?aeoeeoi c oiceee. I?e oeueiio ?ieue aenia?eiaioaeueieo
iaoiaeia a?ae?a?athoue iaoiaee eiii’thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy (iaoiae
Iiioa-Ea?ei oa iaoiae iieaeoey?ii? aeeiaiiee), a aeineiaeaeoaaia nenoaia
? noaiaoe/iith eiii’thoa?iith iiaeaeeth, ia?aiao?e yei? ciiith?
«aenia?eiaioaoi?».

Noia?a/iino? i?ae no/aniei noaiii oai?aoe/iiai ? iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy nenoaie iaa/aiiy o?ceee o aeueo iaaeaaia?/ieo iaa/aeueieo
caeeaaeao ? no/anieie aeiiaaie noni?euenoaa noiniaii ??aiy
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a, n?ae/aoue i?i
aeooaeuei?noue ia?aii? oaie. Iaiao?aei?noue ? iiaeeea?noue ?ica’ycaiiy
oeueiai i?ioe??//y ? aecia/athoue aeai? oaie aeaiiai aeineiaeaeaiiy.

Ia’?eo aeineiaeaeaiiy — niieueia aeiyeueiinoue nooaeaioia i aeeeaaea/a a
i?ioeani iaa/aiiy oiceee ca aeiiiiiaith cania?a iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e.

I?aaeiaoii aeineiaeaeaiiy ? oeyoe ? caniae oaeineiiaeaiiy i?ioeano
aea/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae o oiceoe? c aeei?enoaiiyi I?O.

Iaoa aeineiaeaeaiiy: ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaee/io nenoaio aea/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae o o?ceoe? c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e.

Eiioeaiooaeuei? ?aea? aeine?aeaeaiiy. No??iea ca?eueoaiiy ianyao
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo c iaeii/anieie oaiaeaioe?yie ciaioaiiy /ano ia
eiai aea/aiiy aeiaaathoue ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioeano iaa/aiiy. Oea
coiiaeth? iio?aao iiooeo aoaeoeaieo oeyo?a i?aai?caoe?? oa oi?aae?iiy
i?ioeanii iaa/aiiy, cania?a eiio?ieth canai?iiy ciaiue, a oaeiae iiooeo
?aca?a?a i?aeaeuaiiy yeino? iaa/aiiy. Ia nueiaiaei? aeaea?aeii oaeeo
?aca?a?a iiaea aooe canoinoaaiiy a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy eiii’thoa?ii?
oaoi?ee.

A iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy iieeaaeaia aiiioaca: i?aeaeuaiith
?acoeueoaoeaiino? iaa/aiiy o?ceee (cie?aia, noaoenoe/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae) ? aeoeaiino? i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? iaeaooi?o
a/eoae?a aoaea ni?eyoe canoinoaaiiy cania?a I?O.

O aiaeiiaiaeiinoi aei iaoe oa aenoiooi? aiiioace a i?ioeani
aeineiaeaeaiiy iaiaoiaeii ?ica’ycaoe ianooii? caaaeaiiy:

1. Aea/eoe ? i?iaiae?coaaoe no/aniee noai ? oaiaeaioe?? ?icaeoeo
iaoiaeeee aeei?enoaiiy I?O a i?ioean? iaa/aiiy o?ceee.

2. ?ic?iaeoe, iaoeiai iaa?oiooaaoe oa aenia?eiaioaeueii ia?aa??eoe
iaoiaeeeo canoinoaaiiy iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e aeey iie?auaiiy
?acoeueoaoeaiino? aea/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae o?ce/ieo yaeu.

3. ?ic?iaeoe nenoaio eaai?aoi?ieo ?ia?o ? iaoiaeeeo ?o i?iaaaeaiiy aeey
caaacia/aiiy aea/aiiy eo?no noaoenoe/ii? o?ceee c aeei?enoaiiyi
ia?niiaeueieo eiii’thoa?ia.

Iaoiaeieia?/iith iniiaith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ae?aeaeoeeoe/iee i?aeo?ae aei
i?ioean?a i?ciaiiy oa iaa/aiiy; noa’?eoii-ae?yeuei?niee i?aeo?ae;
eiioeaioe?y ?icaeaath/iai iaa/aiiy; no?aoaa?y aeeoa?aioe?aoe??
i?aeaioiaee iaeaooiueiai a/eoaey; eiiieaeniee i?aeo?ae, ui ii?aeio?
o?aaeeoe?ei? oi?ie iaa/aiiy oa iaa/aiiy c aeei?enoaiiyi I?O.

Oai?aoe/io iniiao aeine?aeaeaiiy noaiiaeoue noeoii?noue
ineoieiai-iaaeaaia?/ieo oai??e, i?eioeei?a, eiioeaioe?e ?
caeiiii??iinoae: oai??y ci?noo ina?oe (?.ss.Ea?ia?, A.N.Eaaeiueia,
I.I.Neaoe?i); oai??y ae?yeueiino? (N.E.?oa?iooaei, I.I.Eaiioue?a,
A.?.Uoe?ia); ineoieia?/iee iaoai?ci oai?/i? ae?yeueiino?
(ss.A.Iiiiia?ueia); oai??y i?ciaaaeueiiai ?ioa?ano (A.?.Uoe?ia,
?.ss.Eai?ia); oai??y iiaoaiiiai oi?ioaaiiy ?icoiiaeo ae?e
(I.ss.Aaeueia??i, I.O.Oaeec?ia); aeoeaia caiai’yoiaoaaiiy c aeiiiiiaith
ciae?a (E.N.Aeaionueeee, I.E.C?i/aiei); e?eaa caaoaaiiy A.Aaa?iaaoca;
i?aaeei ?ioa?ei??caoe?? oa aenoa?ei??caoe?? aeey aaaaeaiiy ?ioi?iaoe??
oa ?? aeei?enoaiiy a ae?yeueiino? (I.I.Eaiioue?a oa ?i.); oaoiieia?y
iiaeoeueiiai iaa/aiiy o?ceoe? (I.A.Na?aa?a); oyaeaiiy i?i iaoiaeieia?/io
?aeath aaia?ae?caoe?? ci?noo o?ceee (A.A.?acoiianueeee, A.I.Oaa?eeaio oa
?i.); oai??y i?iaeaiiiai iaa/aiiy (I.I.Iaothoe?i, I.?.Iaoiooia,
Ae.A.A?eueea?a); eiioeaioe?y ?ioi?iaoecaoe?? ina?oe (A.I.??oia,
I.?.AEaeaeae, A.I.?caiae/eeia oa ?i.); eiioeaioe?y eia?ei-ineoieia?/ieo
iniia aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo cania?a o i?ioean? iaa/aiiy
(TH.?.Iaoaeoeue, A.I.Iiiaoia, A.A.?yaoeaa oa ?i.).

Aoaie aeine?aeaeaiiy. Aenia?eiaioaeueii-aeine?aeia ?iaioa i?iaiaeeeanue
ia i?ioyc? 1992-1998 ?ie?a ia aac? *a?eanueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo oa iaeaniiai ?inoeoooo i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe iaaeaaia?/ieo
i?aoe?aiee?a, a *a?eanueeiio o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/iiio e?oea?, a oaeiae a
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oeieao I-III nooiai?a i.Ni?ea, n. Eaa?ae
Cieioii?nueeiai ?aeiio *a?eanueei? iaeano?. Anueiai aeine?aeaeaiiyi aoei
ioiieaii 768 in?a.

Ia ia?oiio aoai? (1992-1993??.) aoei i?iaiae?ciaaii i?aoe? iaaeaaia?a,
ineoieia?a, o?einio?a, iaoiaeeno?a c oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy; iaa?oioiaaii
ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoo oa iniiai? caaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy; i?iaiaeeany
aiae?c iaaeie?e?a o?aaeeoe?eii? iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy o?ceee. Oea ni?eyei
ca?iaeaeaiith ?aea? aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy. Ia oeueiio aoai?
aeine?aeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeany oaeiae aiae?c ai?iaaaeaeaiiy eiii’thoa?ii?
oaoi?ee oa iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e a i?ioean iaa/aiiy o?ceee ye
aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a oae ? na?aaei?o oe?e.

Ia ae?oaiio aoai? (1993-1995??.) cae?enithaaany i?aea?? iaiao?aeieo
i?ia?ai aeey i?aeo?eiee o?ie?a o?ceee, aea/aany iaoa??ae, yeee iiaea
aooe aaeaei aeei?enoaiee ia ieo, ?ic?iaeyeanue iaoiaeeea i?iaaaeaiiy
eiii’thoa?ieo o?ie?a, cie?aia eiii’thoa?iiai eaai?aoi?iiai i?aeoeeoio.
Oea aeicaieeei a?eueo eiie?aoii aeae?eeoe ia?ae?e i?ia?ai, ia iniia?
yeeo cae?enith?oueny ?ic?iaea eiii’thoa?iiai eaai?aoi?iiai i?aeoeeoio,
?ic?iaeoe aeiiae aei iaoiaeeee i?iaaaeaiiy. Iaeii/anii i?iaiaeeeiny
noai?aiiy aeanieo iiaeaeae oa aeai?eoi?a aeey o?ce/ieo caaea/
noaoenoe/iiai oa?aeoa?o aeey ?ica’yceo ca aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?a.

Ia o?aoueiio aoai? (1995-1998??.) cae?eniaii ai?iaaoe?th ?ic?iaeaii?
iaoiaeeee, ni?yiiaaii? ia i?aeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiino? aea/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo
i?ioean?a o o?ceoe? ca aeiiiiiaith eiii’thoa?iiai eaai?aoi?iiai
i?aeoeeoio; i?iaaaeaii oi?ioth/ee aenia?eiaio, ii?aoeueiaaii eiai
?acoeueoaoe.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui aia?oa noaaeoueny ieoaiiy i?i
?ic?iaeo iaoiaeeee aea/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ia caiyooyo c
o?ceee o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao c aeei?enoaiiyi I?O oa
iaiao?aei?noue ? aeioe?euei?noue ?ic?iaee niaoe?aeueiiai iaoiaee/iiai
caaacia/aiiy, aecia/aii oeyoe ? iaa?oioiaaii iaoiaee/i? caniae, ui
aeicaieythoue aoaeoeaii ?ica’ycoaaoe aeaio i?iaeaio.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/ou?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? iaoeiaiai
iaa?oiooaaiiy iaoiaeeee iaa/aiiy o?ceee c aeei?enoaiiyi iiaeo
?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e; iaa?oiooaaii? aeioe?eueiino? canoinoaaiiy
aea?aieo iaoiae?a eiii’thoa?iiai iaa/aiiy o?ceee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe noaiiaeoue ?ic?iaea ? ai?iaaoe?y nenoaie
aeai?eoi?a oa iaoiaeeea ?o aeei?enoaiiy c iiaeaethaaiiy noaoenoe/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae ia caiyooyo c o?ceee o aeueo iaa/aeueieo caeeaaeao, ye?
ni?eythoue inieneaiiiio, aeoeaiiio ? caoe?eaaeaiiio aea/aiith
nooaeaioaie i?ia?aiiiai iaoa??aeo, aaeineiiaeaiith yeino?
o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a.

Iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a iieyaa? o oai?aoe/iiio iaa?oiooaaii?
aeioe?eueiino? canoinoaaiiy aea?aieo iaoiae?a eiii’thoa?iiai iaa/aiiy
o?ceee; iaa?oiooaaii? i?aeoiae?a, ye? ia’?aeiothoue o?aaeeoe?ei? ?
eiii’thoa?i? oi?ie i?iaaaeaiiy caiyoue c o?ceee; ?ic?iaoe? oa ao?eaii? a
iaa/aeueiee i?ioean eiii’thoa?iiai eaai?aoi?iiai i?aeoeeoio, noai?aii?
iiaeaeae oa caaaeaiue aei iueiai; aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iaa?oiooaaii?
?acoeueoaoeaiino? canoinoaaiiy eiii’thoa?a aeey ?icaeoeo oai?/eo
caeiaiinoae, naiinoieiiai ieneaiiy iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a, ni?eyiiy
cae?iieaiith oice/ieo ciaiue.

?ic?iaeai? eiii’thoa?i? eaai?aoi?i? ?iaioe oa caaea/? c ?aeiiaiaeaoe?yie
iiaeooue aooe aeei?enoai? aeeeaaea/aie iaaeaaia?/ieo ?inoeooo?a,
o/eoaeyie o?ceei-iaoaiaoe/ieo oe?e, IOO ? oaoi?eoi?a aeey i?iaaaeaiiy
caiyoue c o?ceee.

?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeooue ei?enieie aeey iaoiaeeno?a
?inoeooo?a i?neyaeeieiiii? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a, nooaeaio?a ?
aeeeaaea/?a iaaeaaia?/ieo ?inoeooo?a ? oi?aa?neoao?a.

Ia caoeno aeiineoueny:

1. I?eioeeie iiaeaethaaiiy noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ia caiyooyo c
o?ceee oa ?o iaoiaee/ia caaacia/aiiy;

2. Iaoiaee/ia nenoaia i?iaaaeaiiy eaai?aoi?ii-i?aeoe/ieo caiyoue i?e
aea/aii? noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae o o?ceoe? c aeei?enoaiiyi I?O.
Nenoaia aeeth/a? aeaiiino?aoe?ei? iiaeae?; eaai?aoi?i? ?iaioe, ui
aacothoueny ia iaoaiaoe/iiio iiaeaethaaii?; nenoaio caaaeaiue, ye?
noinothoueny aaeineiiaeaiiy noai?thaaieo iiaeaeae;

3. Aeniiaie i?i oa, ui iaa/aeueii-aeine?aeieoeueea ae?yeuei?noue
iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a o?ceee c aeei?enoaiiyi I?O ? aoaeoeaiei caniaii
iioei?caoe?? oa ?ioaineo?eaoe?? i?ioeano iaa/aiiy.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a.

Iaoa??aee aeine?aeaeaiiy iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e
oai?aoe/ii? o?ceee oa iaoiaeeee aeeeaaeaiiy o?ceee *a?eanueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Iaoa??aee aeena?oaoe?? aoee aeeeaaeaii i?ae
/an aenooi?a ia Anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo eiioa?aioe?yo:
«?ioaa?aoe?y iaoee o nenoaio i?aeaioiaee o/eoae?a» (*a?eane,1995),
«Oeyoe oaeineiiaeaiiy ooiaeaiaioaeueii? ? i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
a/eoae?a o?ceee» (Ee?a, 1995), «Iaoiaee/? iniaeeaino? aeeeaaeaiiy o?ceee
ia no/aniiio aoai?» (E??iaia?aae, 1996), «Aeei?enoaiiy ia?niiaeueieo AII
o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? aeueo oa na?aaei?o iaa/aeueieo caeeaae?a»
(Euea?a, 1996), «?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? a iaooe? oa ina?o?»
(*a?eane,1997), iino?eii ae?th/eo iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia?ao i?e
*a?eanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiiy
ai?iaaaeaeaii a oeieao i.Ni?ea *a?eanueei? iaeano?, i.*a?eane,
*a?eanueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao?, *a?eanueeiio iaeaniiio ?inoeooo?
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe iaaeaaia?/ieo i?aoe?aiee?a. Iniiai? oai?aoe/i?
iieiaeaiiy ? aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?? ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy o 16
ioae?eaoe?yo. Cie?aia, iioae?eiaaii aea? noaoo? a aeo?iae? «O?ceea oa
ano?iiii?y a oeie?», noaooth o ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue
“Eiii’thoa?ii-i???ioiaai? nenoaie iaa/aiiy” IIO ?i.I.Ae?aaiiaiiaa,
noaooth o A?nieeo *a?eanueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo. Ca o/anoth aeena?oaioa
iioae?eiaaii iaoiaee/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeey nooaeaio?a iaaeaoc?a,
ca??iee caaea/ c iieaeoey?ii? o?ceee aeey eean?a c i?e?iaeie/ei iaoeeii.
Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee c? noaoenoe/ii? o?ceee c aeaiaioaie iiaeaethaaiiy,
yeee i?ieoia iaoeiai-iaoiaee/io aenia?oeco eii?n?? I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe
Oe?a?ie ? io?eiaa a?eo “?aeiiaiaeiaaiee I?i?noa?noaii ina?oe Oe?a?ie”.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, i’yoe
?icae?e?a, caaaeueieo aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae, ui
i?noeoue 211 iaeiaioaaiiue. ?iaioa aeeeaaeaia ia 206 noi??ieao, i?noeoue
34 ?enoiee, 4 oaaeeoe?, 12 aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? iaa?oioiao?oueny aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiiy,
oi?ioeththoueny eiai ia’?eo, i?aaeiao, iaoa, a?iioaca, caaaeaiiy,
iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy, oa?aeoa?eco?oueny iaoeiaa iiaecia, oai?aoe/ia oa
i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy, oi?ioeththoueny iniiai? iieiaeaiiy, ui aeiinyoueny
ia caoeno, aeaco?oueny noa?a ai?iaaoe?? ?acoeueoao?a aeine?aeaeaiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? «I?aaeiao ? oai?aoe/i? iniiae aeine?aeaeaiiy»
cae?eniaii oai?aoe/iee aiae?c aeine?aeaeoaaii? i?iaeaie a no/ani?e
caaaeueiiina?oi?e oa aeu?e oeieao oa ?ice?eoi i?aeoiaee aei ao?eaiiy
iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy.

Ia iniia? cae?eniaiiai aiae?co iaoeiai-iaaeaaia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e
iieacaii, ui iiaeaeuaiith aoaeoeaiinoi iaa/aeueiiai i?ioeano iiaea
ni?eyoe canoinoaaiiy iiaeo iioi?iaoeieieo oaoiieiaie iaa/aiiy (I?OI).
Aoaeoeaia aeeeaaeaiiy oiceee iiaeeeaa eeoa i?e aaaaeaiii aeaiaioia I?OI
ia oaeeo aoaiao iaa/aiiy, eiee iaa/aeueiee iaoa?iae ia aeicaiey? o
iiaiie ii?i aeei?enoiaoaaoe o?aaeeoeieii iaoiaeeee. Cie?aia, iiaeia
aeaeieeoe oaei iniiaii iai?yiee aeei?enoaiiy caniaia ia/enethaaeueii?
oaoiiee noiniaii I?OI, yei aeiiiaiththoue o?aaeeoeieii:

— oiai/iaiiy oice/ieo ia’?eoia (yaeu, i?ioeania) ye o oi?ii o?iioaeueieo
aeaiiino?aoeie, oae i o oi?ii iia?aoeieieo na?aaeiaeu, i?ecia/aieo aeey
iiaeeaiaeoaeueiiai aeei?enoaiiy;

— noi?iaiae aeaiiino?aoeieiiai oa o?iioaeueiiai aenia?eiaioo c
aeiiiiiaith cania?a cai?o (i?eeaaeiai iioa?oaene) oa ia?iaee aeaieo
aeii?thaaiue oice/ieo aaee/ei (aeaeo?iii? oaaeeoe?, oiui);

— cae?iieaiiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa?iaeo oa eiio?ieue ca eiai canai?iiyi;

— noai?aiiy iiaeeeainoae aeey oaeaeeiai oa c?o/iiai aeinooio aei
iioi?iaoei? i?i ia’?eoe aea/aiiy (iaa/ath/? na?aaeiaeua, aiia?oaenoiai
nenoaie).

Cae?eniaii aiae?c ?icieo iiaeoiae?a aei eiii’thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy
o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a ia eiai iniia? aeae?ey?ii aeaa iniiai? i?aeoiaee:

— aeaoa?iiiinoe/iee (caeiiii??iee, ia?aaeaa/oaaiee);

— noioanoe/iee (aeiaaeeiaee, cacaeaeaa?aeue iaia?aaeaa/oaaiee).

?ice?eoi nooi?noue eiaeiiai iaoiaeo iiaeaethaaiiy, i?iaiae?ciaaii
iiaeeea? oi/ee aeioeeo, cie?aia, ia i?eeeaae? iiaeae? a?ioi?anueei?
aeeiai?ee.

Iieacaii, ui ?ioaineo?eaoe?y i?ioeano iaa/aiiy oa eiai
?iaeea?aeoae?caoe?y ia iniia? aeei?enoaiiy iiaeo ?ioi?iaoe?eieo
oaoiieia?e iaa/aiiy ni?ey? iie?auaiith i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee
nooaeaio?a, oi?ioaaiith oi?iue ? iaae/ie eiii’thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa
?o oni?oiiio aeei?enoaiith ye a iaaeaaia?/i?e oae ? iaoeia?e
ae?yeueiino?.

Aeoeaioo?oueny oaaaa ia oiio, ui eiii’thoa?ia iiaeaethaaiiy o?ce/ieo
i?ioean?a, ye? aaaeei aai iaiiaeeeai aeeiiaoe ? i?iaeaiiino?oaaoe a
iaa/aeuei?e eaai?aoi???, cae?enith? ?o a?coae?caoe?th, aea? ciiao
aiineoe ei?aeoeae a ieei i?ioeano.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? «Iiaeaethaaiiy noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ia
caiyooyo c o?ceee – noioanoe/i? iaoiaee» ?ice?eaa?oueny iaoiaeeea
noai?aiiy iiaeaeae aeayeeo o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a c aeei?enoaiiyi ?aeae
aeiaaeeiaino? ?o i?ioiaeaeaiiy. Aecia/a?oueny i?noea, cania?a
eiii’thoa?iiai iaa/aiiy a iaoiaee/i?e nenoai? aea/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae. I?e oeueiio iaeiei ic iniiaieo iioeaia noai?aiiy
eiii’thoa?ieo iiaeaeae oa ?o canoinoaaiiy ? iiaeeea?noue aeaeaeaiiy a
eiii’thoa?iiio aenia?eiaioi iaiaaeaiue, yei i?enooii a aiaeioe/ieo
iiaeaeyo. Cae/aeii, a aiaeioe/iiio ?icaeyae? caaea/i (yeui aii acaaaei
iiaeeeaee) ie aeiooaii caa?oaoenue aei ?icieo iaaeeaeaiue. C
aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeia eiii’thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy ie io?eio?ii
iiaeeeainoue aea/aoe neeaaeii nenoaie, ye? ia aeineiaeaeothoueny
aiaeioe/ii, ?o aioo?ioith iiaaaeiieo. A eiii’thoa?ieo aenia?eiaioao ? e
iioi ia?aaaae. Aiie iiaeooue caiiaieoe i?inoi? iiae oai?i?th oa
?aaeueiei aenia?eiaioii. Aeayei aaee/eie aai ?o caeaaeiinoi iaiiaeeeai
aai aaaeei aeii?yoe a ?aaeueiiio aenia?eiaioi. A eiii’thoa?iiio
aenia?eiaioi aiie iiaeooue aooe ia/eneaii.

Ia aeayeeo i?eeeaaeao (a?ioiianueeiai ?ooo, aca?iii? aeeooci? a oaa?aeeo
oieao, caeiiia iaeaaeueiiai aaco (?en.1), caeiio Iia, iaaiioieo
aeanoeainoae ?a/iaeie, yaeua ?aae?iaeoeaiiai ?iciaaeo (?en.2))
?icaeyaeathoueny iniaeeainoi iiaeaethaaiiy iaaieo oice/ieo
caeiiiii?iinoae, a yeeo iaiao?aeii aeei?enoiaoaaoe aaia?aoi? aeiaaeeiaeo
/enae ia eiaeiiio e?ioe? aeai?eoio, aaeaea ie aeineoue /anoi ia?ii
ni?aao c i?ioeanaie oa iiae?yie, oa?aeoa? yeeo aeiaaeeiaee ?
cacaeaeaa?aeue iaia?aaeaa/oaaiee. Aeai?eoie, ui iiaeaeththoue aeiaaeeia?
i?ioeane ? yaeua, iaceaathoue ?iia??i?nieie aai noioanoe/ieie (a?aoe.
stoohastikos – oie, ui ai?? aaaaeoaaoe). Noioanoe/i? iaoiaee iathoue
aeineoue i?inoo eiii’thoa?io ?aae?caoe?th, aaeeeo oaeaeeiae?th, aea aeey
io?eiaiiy aeecueeeo aei ?noeieo aaee/ei iaiao?aeii caaacia/eoe iaa??
aaeeei? e?eueeino? noaoenoe/ieo aeaieo. Oaeiae, ?acoeueoaoe, io?eiai? ca
aeiiiiiaith aeaieo iaoiae?a, caeaa?eueoiai iio?aaothoue ia?iaee
iaoiaeaie ai?ieneiaoe??.

O o?aoueiio ?icae?e? «Iiaeaethaaiiy noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ia
caiyooyo c o?ceee – aeaoa?i?i?noe/i? iaoiaee» ?ice?eaa?oueny iaoiaeeea
noai?aiiy iiaeaeae aeayeeo o?ce/ieo i?ioean?a c aeei?enoaiiyi
aeueoa?iaoeaiiai iaoiaeo ?icaeyaeo – aeaoa?i?i?noe/iiai. A oeueiio
iaoiae? oain (?aae?ciaaiee ca aeiiiiiaith aaia?aoi?a aeiaaeeiaeo /enae),
aaiaeeoueny eeoa aeey ii/aoeiaeo oiia. Iaaeae? aaiethoe?y i?e?inoai?a
nenoaie aecia/a?oueny iaeiicia/ii (ca aeiiiiiaith caeii?a Iuethoiia,
caeii?a a?aeaeaaiiy, caeii?a caa?aaeaiiy ?iioeueno e aia?a??).
Iaeiae

aeaoa?i?iiaai?noue iiae?e ia i?e?i??ai? ia caaaaea? i?iyao noaoenoe/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae (“oain ?c ii?yaeeo”), ye?, iaeiae, aecia/athoueny
oe?eeii aeaoa?i?iiaaieie ?iciiae?eaie ?iia??iinoae.

sse i?eeeaaee, iaaiaeyoueny i?eioeeie noai?aiiy oa ?aae?caoe?? ianooiieo
iiaeaeae: — iiaeaeue ?iioeueniiai eaca?a; — i?ioiaeaeaiiy /anoeiie
(iaeo?ii?a) /a?ac oaa?aea o?ei; — eiii’thoa?ii aenia?eiaioe iaae
?aaeueiei aacii (?en.3): aaciai caeiie, ae?oaee caeii oa?iiaeeiaiiee,
i?iaeaie ianoieeinoi oa iaiai?ioiinoi; ooai?aiiy iaeeo /anoeiie
iaiiiao?e/ieo ?ici???a; eaioethaeie aoii?a ye iiaeaeue oaa?aeiai o?ea;
aeeiai?ea aeaeo?iiiiai aaco.

O /aoaa?oiio ?icae?e? «I?eioeeie noai?aiiy eiii’thoa?iiai o?ce/iiai
i?aeoeeoio» ?ice?eaa?oueny iaoiaeeea i?aai?caoe?? oa i?iaaaeaiiy
eiii’thoa?iiai eaai?aoi?iiai i?aeoeeoio c ??cieo ?icae?e?a o?ceee.
I?aai?caoe?y i?iaaaeaiiy eaai?aoi?ieo ?iaio a?aeaoaa?oueny ca aiaeiai?th
c? cae/aeiei eaai?aoi?iei i?aeoeeoiii. Ia ia?oiio aoaii ?iaioe
i?iaiaeeoueny aeiione, yeee ia?aaeaa/a? ciaiiy nooaeaioii oice/ieo iniia
yaeua, ciaiiy oa ?icoiiiiy aeai?eoio i?ia?aie. Ia ae?oaiio aoaii ?iaioe
nooaeaioo i?iiiio?oueny ciiithaaoe ia?aiao?e i?ia?aie (ca iaaieie
?aeiiaiaeaoeiyie). O?aoii aoaiii ?iaioe ? aeeiiaiiy caaaeaiue ii
iiaeeoieaoei? i?ia?aie naiei nooaeaioii (ia?aae aeeeaaea/ai aeieea?
caaaeaiiy ii iiaeai?o caaea/, yei a iia ?ica’ycaoe nooaeaio,
aaeineiiaethth/e aaea inioth/o i?ia?aio). *aoaa?oee aoai noino?oueny
eeoa oeo caaaeaiue, a i?ioeani ?ica’yceo yeeo aeei?enoiao?oueny
aaia?aoi? aeiaaeeiaeo /enae. Ia oeueiio aoaii i?iaiaeeoueny ia?iaea
?acoeueoaoia eiii’thoa?ieo «aeii?thaaiue». I’yoee, iiaenoieiaee aoai
aeeth/a? a naaa aeaiiino?aoeith iiaeeoieiaaieo i?ia?ai, a oaeiae
ei?ioeee ienueiiaee caio, aea noi?ioeueiaaii iniiaii aenia?eiaioaeueii
?acoeueoaoe i ioeiiea iioeaie ia/eneaiue.

A cai?iiiiiaaieo eiii’thoa?ieo eaai?aoi?ieo ?iaioao ?icaeyaeathoueny
aeai?eoie a neiaani?e oi?i?, ui aea? iiaeeea?noue aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?o c?
ciaiiyi aoaeue-yei? iiae i?ia?aioaaiiy. Ia?aae eiaeiei aeai?eoiii
iieno?oueny iiaeaeue oa ei?ioei oi?ioeth?oueny ?aeay. Ia?aa??eoe
i?aaeeuei?noue eiii’thoa?ii? ?aae?caoe?? aeai?eoio iiaeia ca aeiiiiiaith
oanoiaiai i?eeeaaeo. Caaea/? iaeneiaeueii ni?iuai? aeey e?auiai
?icoi?iiy, oiio aei eiaeii? aeiaeathoueny caaaeaiiy, aeey aeeiiaiiy yeeo
iaiao?aeii iiaeeo?eoaaoe aioiaee aeai?eoi. Oae? caaaeaiiy, iiaeeeai,
iaooiaoiooue nooaeaioa ia iinoaiiaeo aeanieo caaea/.

Caa?oa?ii oaaao, ui aeai?eoie i?noyoue eeoa iniiai? e?iee, a aaaaeaiiy
ii/aoeiaeo aeaieo, aeaaaeaiiy ?acoeueoao?a ie na?aeiii aeionea?ii, uia
ca ae??aieoeyie ia caaoaeoe eia?ee i?ia?ai. I?ioa aeey aeayeeo ae?e, ui
ia a?aeiinyoueny aaciina?aaeiuei aei aeai?eoi?caoe?? o?ce/ii? iiaeae?,
aea nooo?a? i?e aeeiiaii? i?ia?aie, c?iaeaii aeiyoie. Iai?eeeaae,
ioeueiaee e?ie i?noeoue i?aeaioia/? ae?? aeey aeeiiaiiy aeai?eoio,
cie?aia, ?i?oe?ae?caoe?? aaia?aoi?a aeiaaeeiaeo /enae oa a?ao?/iiai
?aaeeio.

O i’yoiio ?icae?e? «I?aai?caoe?y oa ?acoeueoaoe aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
iaa/aiiy» iaaiaeyoueny ?acoeueoaoe iaaeaaia?/iiai aenia?eiaioo.
Iaaeaaia?/iee aenia?eiaio ia?aaeaa/aa ?ic?iaeo ? ooi/iaiiy eiioeaioe?e
noiniaii i?iaeaie aeine?aeaeaiiy, i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiy iiia?aaei?o ?
caeeth/ieo aeniiae?a. Oaeiae o caaaeaiiy aenia?eiaioo aoiaeeei aeyaeaiiy
ia?aoeiae, ye? aeieeathoue a nooaeaio?a oa o/i?a i?ae /an aeei?enoaiiy
iiaeo cania?a ? i?eeii?a i?aai?caoe?? ?o i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino?,
aecia/aiiy oiia ai?iaaaeaeaiiy I?O o iaa/aeueiee i?ioean iaaeaoc?a oa
caaaeueiiina?oi?o oe?e.

Aeine?aeaeaiiy aoaeoeaiino? ? ?acoeueoaoeaiino? aenia?eiaioaeueiiai
iaa/aiiy i?iaiaeeeinue a e?eueeio iai?yieao.

I?e i?aeaioiaoe? oi?ioth/iai aenia?eiaioo ? i?ney eiai caaa?oaiiy ie
i?iaaee:

1) Ioe?ieo aeioe?eueiino? i?iaaaeaiiy eiii’thoa?ieo eaai?aoi?ieo ?ia?o
oa ?ica’ycoaaiiy caaea/ ca eiii’thoa?ii ca aeiiiiiaith aieao, a yeeo
nooaeaioe oa o/i? a?aei?/aee a?aeiiniee ??aaiue nai?o ciaiue aei ? i?ney
aenia?eiaioo;

2) Iien nooaeaioaie oa o/iyie iniaeeainoae nai?? ?iaioe i?e
?ica’ycoaaii? iinoaaeaieo ia?aae ieie caaaeaiue, aa/aiiy ieie ?ie?
eiii’thoa?a a oeueiio i?ioean? ? o. ?i.

I?e aeai?? eiio?ieueieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo a?oi ie aeoiaeeee c oiai,
ui ??aaiue ?icaeoeo nooaeaio?a, ciaiiy ieie oe?eueiiai eo?no o?ceee a
aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oiao ia iiaeii? nooo?ai
a?ae??ciyoenue. ??aaiue ii/aoeiai? i?aeaioiaee nooaeaio?a ca
niaoe?aeuei?noth anoaiiaethaaany ia iniia? i?iaaaeaiiy iaei??? ? o??? ae
eiio?ieueii? ?iaioe. A?aeiia?aei? aeai? na?ae/aoue i?i oa, ui
aenia?eiaioaeuei? a?oie ca ??aiai i?aeaioiaee c o?ceee ia neeuei?o? ca
eiio?ieuei?. Ii?yae c oeei i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c eiio?ieueii? ?iaioe
iieacaa, ui nooaeaioe a aenia?eiaioaeueieo (AA) ? eiio?ieueieo (EA)
a?oiao iathoue aeineoue na?eici? i?iaaeeie a iii?ieo ciaiiyo c?
oe?eueiiai eo?no o?ceee. Oea niiioeaei ian aei iiooeo iaoiae?a
e?ea?aeaoe?? iayaieo i?iaaeei ? a?eueo iiaiiai ? aeeaieiai aea/aiiy
ieoaiue, o?nii iia’ycaieo c? oe?eueiei eo?nii o?ceee.

C oe??th iaoith aoei ?ic?iaeaii oe?eee ?yae eiii’thoa?ieo eaai?aoi?ieo
?ia?o, aea, ca?aeii eia?ee iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, aeoeaiooaaeany oaaaa
ia aea/aii? noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae oa aeei?enoaii? c oe??th iaoith
iaoiae?a eiii’thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy aeey iiaeaethaaiiy o?ce/ieo
i?ioean?a.

A?aoiaoth/e aeua cacia/aia, ie ia i?ioyc? iaa/aeueiiai ?ieo ia??iaee/ii
i?iaiaeeee eiio?ieuei? ?iaioe, ye? i?noeee 10-12 ieoaiue ii oai?,
ioiiethth/e ?? iaea?eueo nooo?a? aeaiaioe — ciaiiy iaaieo iiiyoue,
oi?ioe, ai?iiy canoiniaoaaoe eiie?aoi? caeiie ? o. ?i.

Ine?eueee i?e ii??aiyii? aoaeoeaiino? ania?eiaioaeueii? ? o?aaeeoe?eii?
iaoiaeee aeeeaaeaiiy aea??ee a?oi nooaeaio?a aeiaaeeia? ? iacaeaaei?,
/eaie eiaeii? aea??ee oaeiae iacaeaaei? i?ae niaith, aeanoea?noue
(??aaiue canai?iiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo) aei??yia ca oeaeith ii?yaeeo,
yea ia? /ioe?e eaoaai???: a?aei?iii, aeia?a, caaeia?eueii, iiaaii (n=4),
oi aeey ia?aa??ee ioeueiai? a?iioace aeyaeeiny i?eionoeiei canoinoaaiiy
aeainoi?iiiueiai e?eoa??th 2.

Cia/aiiy noaoenoeee wmetafile8? ??¶????????????
???????????yyy????.????1?????? ???????
`a???&??yyyy?????Ayyy·yyy ???? ???&?
?MathType??`????uath???????acoeueoaoe eiio?ieueieo ?ia?o na?ae/eee i?i
iinooiiaa c?inoaiiy e?eoa??th noaoenoeee Oa: O2 a=1,6; O3 a=3,78;
O4 a=6,24, a aaea aeey inoaii?o aeaio eiio?ieueieo ?ia?o io?eio?ii
cia/aiiy Oa noaoenoeee a?aeiia?aeii O5 a=8,2; O6 a=9,3 ? ine?eueee
Oa>Oe?., oi ca i?aaeeii i?eeiyooy ??oaiiy iaea?aeai? ?acoeueoaoe
aeathoue aeinoaoi? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui a?aei?iiino? o
?iciiae?eao nooaeaio?a AA ? EA ca ??aiyie canai?iiy iaa/aeueiiai
iaoa??aeo ? noaoenoe/ii cia/eieie ia ??ai? cia/eiino? =0,05.

C iaeyaeo ia oa, ui aeeeaaeaiiy iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo o AA ? EA
cae?enithaaeiny a iaeieo ? oeo aea oiiaao, aea ca ??cieie iaoiaeeeaie,
oi ? aeinoaoi? i?aenoaae noaa?aeaeoaaoe, ui a?aei?iiino? o ??aiyo
canai?iiy nooaeaioaie aenia?eiaioaeueieo ? eiio?ieueieo a?oi
iaa/aeueiiai iaoa??aeo coiiaeai? iaoiaeeeith eiai aeeeaaeaiiy. Oaeei
/eiii, ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaee/ia nenoaia aeei?enoaiiy I?O ia caiyooyo c
o?ceee (a naia i?e aea/aii? noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae, cie?aia, oeo,
ye? aea/athoueny a oeie?) a?aecia/a?oueny a?eueoith aoaeoeai?noth, i?ae
o?aaeeoe?eia.

Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a oai?aoe/iiai oa aenia?eiaioaeueiiai aeine?aeaeaiue
i?aeoaa?aeea aenoioo? iieiaeaiiy a?iioace ? aeicaieea noi?ioethaaoe
ianooii? aeniiaee:

1. ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeai no/anii? oeiee, ye na?aaeiuei? oae ? aeui?,
iaiiaeeeaa nueiaiaei? aac aeei?enoaiiy iaeno/ani?oeo oaoiieia?e, a oiio
/ene? ?ioi?iaoe?eieo. Caaaeyee ai?iaaaeaeaiith ?ioi?iaoe?eieo oaoiieia?e
eiii’thoa? ye ?ino?oiaio i?ciaiiy — aenieiaoaeoeaiee can?a iaa/aiiy
i?aeiineoue i?ioean aea/aiiy o?ceee ia ye?nii iiaee ??aaiue, iieaaooth/e
i?ioean ni?eeiyooy e ona?aeiieaiiy aaeeei? e?eueeino? o?ce/ieo yaeu,
aea? na?e aianie a i?aeaeuaiiy caoe?eaaeaiino? nooaeaio?a aei aea/aiiy
oaoiaiai i?aaeiaoo.

2. Ni?yiiaai?noue iaa/aiiy o?ceee ia aeei?enoaiiy I?O ye aeniei
aoaeoeaiiai caniao iaa/aiiy ia eeoa caaacia/o? i?aeaeuaiiy ??aiy
i?ioan?eii? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a, aea e ?noioii aieeaa? ia ?o
iioeaaoe?eio noa?o, coiiaethth/e oi?ioaaiiy ? ia?aaaaeaiiy a eiei
i??i?eoaoieo i?ioan?eieo ? iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueieo iioea?a aea/aiiy
o?ceee, iioea?a, ye? caaacia/othoue oni?oi?noue iaieiae?iiy i?ioan?eieie
ciaiiyie ? ai?iiyie.

3. Iniaeeaa iinoea a oeeeei eiii’thoa?ieo aenia?eiaioia iiniaeathoue
caaea/i, iia’ycaii c aeei?enoaiiyi aaia?aoi?a aeiaaeeiaeo /enae. Ia
aiaeiiio aiae caaea/ iaoaiiee, a yeeo ?acoeueoao aeaoa?iiiiaaiee
ii/aoeiaeie oiiaaie, ?icaeyioo? iaie caaea/i aeicaieythoue o/iyi
«aiaee?eaaoe» ia eiii’thoa?? iiai oice/ii caeiie, aeey yeeo ii/aoeia?
oiiae acaaae? ianooo?a? (aiie “caaoaathoueny”), caoa aeiaaeeia?,
oaioe/i? iiae??, iaeeaaeath/enue, i?eaiaeyoue aei oe?eeii
aeaoa?i?iiaaieo, ia?aaeaa/oaaieo aca?iica’yce?a i?ae na?aaei?ie
aaee/eiaie. Iai?eeeaae, ia?aaiei/iee caeii aeeooci? aeey aeoeaiue
a?ioiianueeeo /anoeiie, caeiie iaeaaeueiiai aaco aeey oaioe/iiai ?ooo
iieaeoe, caeii Eth?i aeey ia?aiaaiaoeeia, inioaaiiy oa?iiaaiaoecio
(aeieeiaiiy aeiiaiia i?e ioieiaeaeaiii) i o.ii.

4. Aea/aiiy ? aeei?enoaiiy cai?iiiiiaaii? iaoiaeeee nooaeaioaie,
aeeeaaea/aie aoc?a, a/eoaeyie oe?e caaaaoeoue ?o iaoiaee/io aaco
noiniaii aeoea?caoe?? iaa/aeueii-i?ciaaaeueii? ae?yeueiino? o/i?a o
i?ioean? aea/aiiy o?ceee.

Iniiaiee ci?no aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

Ci?no aeine?aeaeaiiy aeeeaaeaii o 16 ioae?eaoe?yo aaoi?a, iaea?eueo
aaaiieie c yeeo ?

1. A?eoeaiei A.A., Aonae A.I. Aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeo Iiioa-Ea?ei a
oe?eueiiio eiii’thoa?iiio aenia?eiaio? c o?ceee // O?ceea oa ano?iiii?y
a oeie?. -1996. -?1. N. 34-36.

2. A?eoeaiei A.A., Aonae A.I. Iiaeaethaaiiy caaea/ aeaeo?iiii? oai???
iaoae?a // O?ceea oa ano?iiii?y a oeie?. -1997. -?4.N.12-14.

3. Aonae A.I., A?eoeaiei A.A., Caii?iaeaoeue O.A. Noaoenoe/ia o?ceea —
iniiai? iieiaeaiiy oa iiaeae?: Iaa/aeueiee iin?aiee. *a?eane:
?aaeaeoe?eii-aeaeaaie/ee a?aeae?e *AeO, 1998. 288 c.

4. A?eoeaiei A.A., Aonae A.I., Eyoiaaoeueeee A.A. Aeei?enoaiiy
eiii’thoa??a i?e aea/aii? iaaiaoecio – A ca. iaoe. i?aoeue
“Eiii’thoa?ii-i???ioiaai? nenoaie iaa/aiiy”, Ee?a, “Eiii’thoa? o oeie?
oa n?i’?”, 1998. N. 146-152.

5. A?eoeaiei A.A., Eaiioeaa N.I. Noaoenoe/i? caeiiii??iino? a
eiii’thoa?i?e iiaeae? ?aaeueiiai aaco // A?niee *a?eanueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo: Na??y i?e?iaeie/? iaoee. -1998. Aeione 5. N. 48-55.

6. A?eoeaiei A.A., Eyoiaaoeueeee A.A., Aonae A.I. Iiaeaethaaiiy
iaai?oieo aeanoeainoae ?a/iaei // ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? a iaooe? oa
ina?o?: Iaoa??aee anaoe?a?inueei? eiioa?aioe?? iieiaeeo iaoeiaoe?a * 2.
— *a?eane, 1997. N. 82-91.

7. A?eoeaiei A.A., Eiaaeue/oe A.I., Aonae A.I. Iiaeaethaaiiy
noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae ia caiyooyo c o?ceee // Aeei?enoaiiy
ia?niiaeueieo AII o iaa/aeueiiio i?ioean? aeueo oa na?aaei?o iaa/aeueieo
caeeaae?a: Iaoa??aee /aoaa?oi? oe?a?inueei? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii?
eiioa?aioe?? (13-15 eenoiiaaea). — Euea?a, 1996. — N. 69-70.

8. A?eoeaiei A.A., Aonae A.I., Eyoaiei TH.I. Aeei?enoaiiy eiii’thoa?iiai
eaai?aoi?iiai i?aeoeeoio a nenoai? i?aeaioiaee iaeaooi?o a/eoae?a //
Iaoiaee/i? iniaeeaino? aeeeaaeaiiy o?ceee ia no/aniiio aoai?: Iaoa??aee
?? i?aeaoc?anueei? iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ii? eiioa?aioe?? (22-23 aa?aciy,
/anoeia 1). — E??iaia?aae. 1996. N. 119-120.

Aeei?enoai? a aeena?oaoe?? ?aea? oa ?ic?iaee c iioae?eiaaieo iaoeiaeo
i?aoeue iaeaaeaoue aaoi?o.

AIIOAOe?ss

A?eoeaiei A.A. Iia? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia?? i?e aea/aii? noaoenoe/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae o i?ioean? i?aeaioiaee a/eoae?a o?ceee. — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 13.00.02 — oai??y ? iaoiaeeea iaa/aiiy oiceee.
Iaoe?iiaeueiee iaaeaaia?/iee oi?aa?neoao, Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? iiaeaia iaoeiai iaa?oioiaaia iaoiaeeea iiaeaethaaiiy
noaoenoe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae a ?aieao eiii’thoa?iiai eaai?aoi?iiai
i?aeoeeoio. Iienai? i?ia?aiii-iaoiaee/i? caniae, ye? aeiiiaiththoue
nenoaio o?ce/iiai aenia?eiaioo caniaaie eiii’thoa?iiai iiaeaethaaiiy oa
aeicaieythoue i?aeaeueoe ??aaiue ? ye?noue aea/aiiy noaoenoe/ieo
i?ioean?a. Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aeia?aaeaii o 16
ioae?eaoe?yo.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: iia? ?ioi?iaoe?ei? oaoiieia??, eiii’thoa?ia
iiaeaethaaiiy, noaoenoe/i? caeiiii??iino?, eiii’thoa?iee eaai?aoi?iee
i?aeoeeoi.

AIIIOAOeEss

A?eoeaiei A.A. Iiaua eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee i?e eco/aiee
noaoenoe/aneeo caeiiiia?iinoae a i?ioeanna iiaeaioiaee o/eoaeae oeceee.
— ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea iao/iie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeaaiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 13.00.02 — oai?ey e iaoiaeeea iao/aiey oeceee.
Iaoeeiiaeueiue iaaeaaiae/aneee oieaa?neoao, Eeaa, 1999.

Aeenna?oaoeey iinayuaia i?iaeaiai aiieiuaiey iiauo eioi?iaoeeiiiuo
oaoiieiaee iao/aiey a nia?aiaiiie iauaia?aciaaoaeueiue e aunoae oeieao.
A aeenna?oaoeee i?aaeinoaaeaia iao/ii iainiiaaiiay iaoiaeeea
iiaeaee?iaaiey noaoenoe/aneeo caeiiiia?iinoae a ?aieao eiiiuethoa?iiai
eaai?aoi?iiai i?aeoeeoia ii oeceea. I?aaeeaaaaony iaoiaeeea nicaeaiey
iiaeaeae iaeioi?uo oece/aneeo i?ioeannia n eniieueciaaieai eaeae
neo/aeiinoe eo i?ioiaeaeaiey. Ii?aaeaeyaony ianoi, n?aaenoa
eiiiuethoa?iiai iao/aiey a iaoiaee/aneie nenoaia eco/aiey noaoenoe/aneeo
caeiiiia?iinoae. I?e yoii iaeiei ec iniiaiuo iioeaia nicaeaiey
eiiiuethoa?iuo iiaeaeae e eo i?eiaiaiey aeaeeony aiciiaeiinoue oaeaeaiey
a eiiiuethoa?iii yenia?eiaioa ia?aie/aiee, eioi?ua i?enoonoaothuea a
aiaeeoe/aneeo iiaeaeyo. Ia eiie?aoiuo i?eia?ao ?anniao?eaathony
iniaaiiinoe iiaeaee?iaaiey iaeioi?uo oece/aneeo caeiiiia?iinoae, a
eioi?uo iaiaoiaeeii eniieueciaaoue aaia?aoi? neo/aeiuo /enae ia eaaeaeii
oaao aeai?eoia iiaeaee. Aeoeaioe?oaony aieiaiea ia iniaii ianoa a oeeeea
eiiiuethoa?iuo yenia?eiaioia caaea/, eioi?ua naycaiu n eniieueciaaieai
aaia?aoi?a neo/aeiuo /enae. A ioee/ea io caaea/ iaoaieee, a eioi?uo
?acoeueoao aeaoa?ieie?iaai ia/aeueiuie oneiaeyie, oaeea caaea/e
iicaieytho o/aueiny «ioe?uaaoue» ia eiiiuethoa?a iiaua oece/aneea
caeiiu, aeey eioi?uo ia/aeueiua oneiaey aiiaua ianouanoaaiiua (iie
“caauaathony»), caoi neo/aeiua, oaioe/aneea niauoey, iaeeaaeuaaynue,
i?eaiaeyo e oeaeeeii aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiui, i?aaeiieaaaaiui acaeiinaycyi
iaaeaeo n?aaeieie aaee/eiaie. ?ane?uaaaony iaoiaeeea nicaeaiey iiaeaeae
iaeioi?uo oece/aneeo i?ioeannia n eniieueciaaieai aeueoa?iaoeaiiai
iaoiaea ?anniio?aiey aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiiai. ?anniao?eaathony i?eia?u,
eioi?ua ?ane?uaatho nouiinoue iniiaiuo i?eioeeiia nicaeaiey e
?aaeecaoeee aeaoa?ieie?iaaiiuo iiaeaeae n eniieueciaaieai yeaiaioia
neo/aeiinoe. ?ane?uaathony iniaaiiinoe i?aaiecaoeee e i?iaaaeaiea
eiiiuethoa?iiai eaai?aoi?iiai i?aeoeeoia ii ?acee/iui ?acaeaeai oeceee.
Ia?auaaony aieiaiea ia oi, /oi eco/aiea e eniieueciaaiea i?aaeeiaeaiiie
iaoiaeeee nooaeaioaie, i?aiiaeaaaoaeyie aocia, o/eoaeyie oeie iaiaaoeo
eo iaoiaee/aneoth aaco /oi eanaaony aeoeaecaoeee o/aaii-iiciaaaoaeueiie
aeayoaeueiinoe o/aieeia a i?ioeanna eco/aiey oeceee. I?eaiaeyony
?acoeueoaou i?iaaaeaiiiai iaaeaaiae/aneiai yenia?eiaioa. Iieacaii, /oi
i?eiaiaiea iaoiaeia eiiiuethoa?iiai iiaeaee?iaaiey iiaeiineo i?ioeann
iao/aiey ia cia/eoaeueii aunoee o?iaaiue, iaeaa/ay i?ioeann aini?eyoey e
iniciaiey aieueoiai eiee/anoaa oece/aneeo yaeaiee, aeaao naie aeeaae a
iiauoaiea caeioa?aniaaiiinoe o/aueony i?e eco/aiee oeceee. Iienaiiua
i?ia?aiiii-iaoiaee/aneea n?aaenoaa, eioi?ua aeiiieiytho nenoaio
oece/aneiai yenia?eiaioa n?aaenoaaie eiiiuethoa?iiai iiaeaee?iaaiey e
iicaieytho iiauneoue o?iaaiue e ea/anoai eco/aiey noaoenoe/aneeo
i?ioeannia.

Iniiaiua iieiaeaiey enneaaeiaaiey ioia?aaeaiu a 16 ioaeeeaoeeyo.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: iiaua eioi?iaoeeiiiua oaoiieiaee, eiiiuethoa?iia
iiaeaee?iaaiea, noaoenoe/aneea caeiiiia?iinoe, eiiiuethoa?iue
eaai?aoi?iue i?aeoeeoi.

ANNOTATION

Grycenko V.G. Using the new informative technologies in the study of
statistic regularities during physics teachers preparation. —
Manuscript.

Dissertation for the degree of Candidate of Sciences in the speciality
13.00.02 (theory and methods of physics teaching). National pedagogic
university, Kiev, 1999.

The scientifically grounded methods of modelling of the statistical
regularities in the frame of computer laboratory practical works are
suggested. The new methodical means and corresponding software are
described, they introduce the tools of computer modelling into the
system of physical laboratory practical works and make the study of
statistical regularities more profound. The main results of this work
are formulated in 16 publications.

Key words: new information technologies, computer modeling, statistic
regularities, computer laboratory practical work.

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