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CAII??CUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE OI?AA?NEOAO

OAeE 808.3 – 087 (043) E 50

E?NIIAA Aaeaioeia Aieiaeeie??aia

III?IAOe?ss ETHAeEIE OA ?? ?EN

O NO?AeIINEIAIAEAINUeEEO OE?A?INUeEEO AIA??EAO

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa

A a o i ? a o a ? a o

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Caii??aeaey – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien.

?iaioo aeeiiaii o a?aeae?e? ae?aeaeoieia?? ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae

IAI Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?eoeaiei Iaaei THoeiiae/,

?inoeooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI Oe?a?ie,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo ae?aeaeoieia??.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe – aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Naaaaeio ?aai Aaneeueiae/,

Oaeai?iaenueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

i?ioani? eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae;

– eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Oa?iiaaoeueea Ethaeieea Ieaenaiae??aia,

*a?i?aaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao

?iai? TH.Oaaeueeiae/a

aeioeaio eaoaae?e no/anii? oe?a?inueei? iiae.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa – Aeiiaoeueeee aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao,

eaoaae?a oe?a?inueei?
iiae.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny 30 /a?aiy 1999 ?. i 10 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee E 17. 051. 02 aeey caoenoo aeena?oaoe?e ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe i?e
Caii??cueeiio aea?aeaaiiio oi?aa?neoao? (330600, i. Caii??aeaey, aoe.
AEoeianueeiai, 66).

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Caii??cueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai oi?aa?neoaoo(330600, i. Caii??aeaey, aoe. AEoeianueeiai,
66).

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii 25 o?aaiy 1999 ?ieo.

O/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee
Oii’ye O.A.

Caaaeueia oa?aeoa?enoeea ?iaioe

O no/ani?e ae?aeaeoi?e eaeneeieia?? iine?aeiaii ianoith?oueny ?aeay
nenoaiiiai aea/aiiy eaeneee, yea nyaa? i?aoeue I.I.Iioaai?, a i?ci?oa
aoea ?icaeiaia A.A.Aeiia?aaeiaei, E.A.Ua?aith, I.?.Oienoei oa ?ioeie
a/aieie. Iien eaeneee ca oaiaoe/ieie a?oiaie cae?enith?oueny c
o?aooaaiiyi aaaaoiieaiiaeo nenoaiieo ca’yce?a eiaeii? ie?aii? eaenaie.

Aiaeii/an aeooaeueiei ? caeo/aiiy na?ae/aiue ae?aeaeoii? eaeneee aeey
iiaeeaeaiiy oai??? iii?iaoe??. Aea/aiiy ie?aieo oaiaoe/ieo a?oi
ae?aeaeoii? eaeneee c iiaeyaeo caeiiii??iinoae aeyao iciae iii?iaoe??
ni?ey? ?ice?eooth i?e?iaee iaceaaiiy, c’ynoaaiith iniaeeainoae
noaiiaeaiiy e ooieoe?iioaaiiy iii?iaoeaieo iaeeieoeue.

Eaeneoe? ??cieo oaiaoe/ieo a?oi i?eoaiaii? ye caaaeuei?, oae ?
niaoeeo?/i? iciaee iii?iaoe??, ui coiiaeaii ia a inoaiith /a?ao
iniaeeainoyie ia’?eo?a iii?iaoe??, ?o i?ciaiiy e cae??ieaiiy oeeo
?acoeueoao?a caniaaie iiae. Aaey/iei iaoa??aeii aeey aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?eioeei?a, niinia?a ? cania?a iii?iaoe?? ? eaeneea, iia’ycaia c
ethaeeiith oa ?? ?enaie. Oey oaiaoe/ia a?oia aeeth/a? iaeiaioaaiiy, ye?
oa?aeoa?ecothoue ethaeeio uiaei ?? ?icoiiai? e i?aeoe/ii? ae?yeueiino?,
noinoie?a c ?ioeie ethaeueie, noaaeaiiy aei i?aaeiao?a ? yaeu aeiae?eey,
aei noni?euenoaa oa eiai ?inoeooo?a oiui. Ia oi?ioaaiiy OAE “Ethaeeia oa
?? ?ene” aieeaathoue /eneaii? iicae?iaa?noe/i? /eiieee, cie?aia,
aoiiineoieia?/i? ianoaiiae, o?aaeeoe??, iaai? oaao, ii?aeueii-aoe/i?
iaiaaeaiiy uiaei iiaeeeaino? / iaiiaeeeaino? aa?aae?caoe?? ie?aneaieo o
i?ioean? i?ciaiiy ?en, a/eie?a ethaeeie.

Iii?iaoe?y ethaeeie a eioa?aoo?i?e iia? i ie?aieo aeiaeaeoao oaea
iienaia oe?a?inueeeie, ?inienueeeie oa aiei?onueeeie eaeneeieiaaie
(?iaioe A.A.Ai?aaiue, O.A.Einiaaee, A.I.Aacaeaoei, O.I.Aieue/einueei?,
A.I.ssai?nueei?, A.A.Eaeeoeiii?, I.I.E?eaei, A.Ae.Ei, E.I.Iaithoe/ oa
?i.). Aea caeaaieueoiai aeineiaeaeaiiy noinoaaeeny aocueeeo oaiaoe/ieo
a?oi eaeneee aai ie?aieo aniaeoia ?o aea/aiiy.

I?aaeiaoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aii eaeneeo no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo aia??ie,
iia’ycaio c iii?iaoe??th ethaeeie oa ?? ?en. Oeae a?aae ia?aii oiio, ui
neiaiaeainueeee aia?? caeeoa?oueny iaaeinoaoiuei aea/aiei, aeiaaa?
nenoaiiiai iieno a neio?iiiiio ? ae?ao?iiiiio ieaiao ia an?o iiaieo
??aiyo.

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie aeineiaeaeaiiy coiiaeaia oei, ui aein? aiaenooiy
niaoeiaeueia i?aoey i?i eaeneeo no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo oe?a?inueeeo
aia??ie ia iicia/aiiy ethaeeie oa ?? ?en, ua ia cae?eniaia ?ic?iaea
iiaeae? iieno OAE, o no?oeoo?? yei? ? cia/ia e?euee?noue eiiioiaaieo
eiiiiiaio?a.

Aeena?oaoeiy i?enay/aia eiiieaeniiio aiaeico iaca ethaeeie a
iae?iciiiaiioiioeo ?? i?iyaao. Aeey caaacia/aiiy iiaiioe oa c?noaaiino?
caienaiiai a ??cieo aia??eao iaoa??aeo eiai cae?aiiy i?iaaaeaii ca
niaoe?aeueii noai?aiei ieoaeueieeii, yeee ioiieth? 251 ieoaiiy;
a?aeiia?ae? ia oe? ieoaiiy a?aeaeaathoue oa?aeoa?enoeee
aiieiai-oiciieiai/ieo e aio?iiieiai/ieo iniaeeainoae,
nioeiaeueii-o?oaeiaeo i ?iaeeiieo noinoieia, noa?o ineoi/ii?
aeiyeueiinoi e aiioeai? ioeiiee ethaeeie.

Iaoith aeineiaeaeaiiy ? iiiianiieiai/iee oa a?aaeia?/iee aiaeic eaeneee
aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ethaeeie oa ?? ?en o noiaeiineiaiaeainueeeo
aiai?eao.

Caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiiy iieyaaei o:

1) caeieniaii? caieno aeiaeaeoii? eaeneee ia iicia/aiiy ethaeeie oa ??
?en o no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo aia??eao;

2) anoaiiaeaii? eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo ca’yce?a o iaaeao aeine?aeaeoaaii?
a?oie eaeneee;

3) aecia/aii? i?iaiaeieo niinia?a ? cania?a iiiiiaoei? a oaiaoe/i?e
a?oi? eaeneee “Ethaeeia oa ?? ?ene”;

4) aeineiaeaeaii? ooieoeiiiaeueiiai niiaaiaeiioaiiy iaeiineiaii? e
aaaaoineiaii?, ia?aeiii? ? aoi?eiii? iiiiiaoeie ethaeeie oa ?? ?en;

5) c’ynoaaii? aaia?aoi? aiae?ciaaii? eaeneee.

Iaoa?iaeii aeineiaeaeaiiy iineoaeeee iieueiai caiene 1989-1995 ??,
caeieniaii a 64 ianaeaieo ioieoao Eoaainueei? iae. (aeea. ea?oe ia n. 5,
6, 11, 12), a oaeiae na?ae/aiiy ??ciiiai?oieo eaeneeia?ao?/ieo oa
e?iaaiaia?ao?/ieo aeaea?ae.

Iaoiaeaie aeineiaeaeaiiy ? iieniaee ? eiiaaiaaia?aoi/iee.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui a iie oia?oa ?ic?iaeaia
iiaeaeue iieno OAE, o no?oeoo?? yei? iayaia cia/ia e?euee?noue
eiiioiaaieo iaeeieoeue; caeieniaii eiiieaeniee aiaeic eaeneee
noiaeiineiaiaeainueeeo oe?a?inueeeo aiai?ie, iia’ycaii? c
oa?aeoa?enoeeith ethaeeie oa ?? ?en; c?iaeaii ni?iao iiaeeaeaiiy oai?i?
iiiiiaoei?.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy aeena?oaoei? aecia/a?oueny oei, ui a iaoeiaee iaia
aaaaeaii iiaee aaeeeee ca ianyaii eaene/iee iaoa?iae, yeee iiaea aooe
aeei?enoaiee i?e oeeaaeaiii ?aaiiiaeueiiai oa caaaeueiioe?a?inueeiai
aeiaeaeoieo neiaieeia, Eaene/iiai aoeano oe?a?inueei? iiae, o
neioaoe/ieo i?aoeyo c oe?a?inueei? ae?aeaeoieia??, eaeneeieia??,
naian?ieia??, o e?iaaiaeeaeaeoeoe? aeui? oeiee.

Ai?iaaoeith ?iaioe cae?eniaii o aeiiiaiaeyo ia anaoe?a?inueeeo iaoeiaeo
eiioa?aioeiyo o Aeiiaoeueeo (1990), Eoaainueeo (1991, 1993), *a?iiaoeyo
(1994), Ee?a? (1998) oa ia ?anioaeieainueeeo aeiaeaeoieiai/ieo ia?aaeao
(AEeoiie?, 1990; Ee?a, 1997), a oaeiae i?ae /an iaaiai?aiiy ia
can?aeaiiyo a?aeae?eo ae?aeaeoieia?? ?inoeoooo oe?a?inueei? iiae IAI
Oe?a?ie oa eaoaae?e oe?a?inueei? iiae Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. Iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaeoi a iaeeiaaeoeyoe ioae?eaoe?yo.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy neeaaea?oueny ic anooio, o?ueio
?icaeieia, aeniiaeia, nieneia aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae (17 iiceoe?e) oa
eioa?aoo?e (226 iiceoe?e) ? aeiaeaoeia, yei iinoyoue iiaeaen
cao?eniaaii? a aia??eao eaeneee (1555 eaenai), a oaeiae aoean, o yeiio
iiaeaii 251 ea?oo e eiiaioa?i aei ieo. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?eiiai
aeine?aeaeaiiy – 520 noi??iie.

Ci?no ?iaioe

O anooi? aena?oeaii noai aea/aiiy ae?aeaeoii? eaeneee a oe?eiio oa
aiae?ciaaii? OAE cie?aia, aecia/aii i?aaeiao, iaoo e iniiai? caaaeaiiy
aeine?aeaeaiiy, ia??oioiaaii aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe, i?aee?aneaii
iaiao?aei?noue nenoaiiiai aea/aiiy ae?aeaeoii? eaeneee, a oaeiae
o?aooaaiiy niaoeeo?ee iii?iaoeaieo i?ioean?a, ye? aeyaeythoueny a ??cieo
oaiaoe/ieo a?oiao eaeneee.

?icae?e 1 “Ae?aeaeoia eaeneea ye ia’?eo e?iaa?noe/iiai aiae?co”
ia’?aeio? aeaa i?ae?icae?ee: “Aniaeoe aeine?aeaeaiiy ae?aeaeoii? eaeneee
ye nenoaie” oa “?aaeaiiee oa iii?iaoeaiee aniaeoe ae?aeaeoii?
eaeneeieia??”. O ia?oiio c ieo iiaeaii noeneee iaeyae iayaieo o iaoeia?e
e?oa?aoo?? i?aeoiae?a aei aea/aiiy ae?aeaeoii? eaeneee.

Aaaeeeaei aeey ?ica’ycaiiy caaaeueiie?iaa?noe/ieo i?iaeai ? a?aaeueiee
aniaeo aea/aiiy eaeneee ae?aeaeo?a. E?iaaiaaia?ao?/i? i?aoe?
ia?aaeaa/athoue nenoaiaoecaoe?th cia/iiai ca ianyaii iaoa??aeo; eiai
aea/aiiy a a?aaeuei?e i?iaeoe?? aea? ciiao iaeneiaeueii iiaii aeyaeoe
?aia?ooa? c?noaaieo iaeeieoeue, ie?aneeoe ?o oa?eoi??th, c’ynoaaoe
nooi?iue aeecueeino? c?noaaethaaieo ae?aeaeoieo nenoai. Iaeiei c
aeooaeueieo ? ieoaiiy nenoaiiiai aea/aiiy ae?aeaeoii? eaeneee, ui
aeicaiey? ae??ooaaoe aieiaia caaaeaiiy e?iaaiaaia?ao??, caeeoa?oueny
c’yniaoaaiiy a?aeiioaiiy i?ae ie?aieie ae?aeaeoieie nenoaiaie oa
ae?aeaeoieie ciiaie, aeya aoai?a ?icaeoeo iiaieo yaeu.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? aena?oeaii ??ciiiai?oi? iiaeyaee aeine?aeiee?a
ia iniiai? ieoaiiy oai??? iii?iaoe??, cie?aia ia oeie iii?iaoe??, ??
i?eioeeie, niiniae e caniae, ia ?ic??ciaiiy ia?aeiii? ? aoi?eiii?
iii?iaoe?e oiui. Aiaeii/an ?ice?eoi iniaeeaino? iii?iaoeaieo i?ioean?a o
ae?aeaeoi?e iia?. Iii?iaoeai? i?ioeane a OAE “Ethaeeia oa ?? ?ene”
iaaiith i??ith a?ae??ciythoueny a?ae oeo, ye? aeyaeythoueny a oaiaoe/ieo
a?oiao eiie?aoii-i?aaeiaoii? eaeneee; oea iia’ycaii ia?o ca ana c oei,
ui aeey a?eueoino? ae?aeaeoieo ne?a, oaeeaaieo aeey iii?iaoe?? ethaeeie,
oa?aeoa?ia aeni?aneai?noue, /anoa ae?aaeaiiy ioe?iie ia’?eoa iii?iaoe??.

?icae?e 2 “Niiniae iii?iaoe?? ethaeeie oa ?? ?en o
no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo aia??eao” neeaaea?oueny c i?ae?icae?e?a:
“No?oeoo?a iii?iaoeaiiai iiey “Ethaeeia” ? “Iii?iaoe?y ethaeeie ye
ia’?eoa ioe?iee”.

O ia?oiio i?ae?icae?e? iienaii iniaeeaino? no?oeoo?e OAE “Ethaeeia oa ??
?ene”, a?aecia/aii, ui inoaiiy noaiiaeoue neeaaeio eaeneei-naiaioe/io
ia?aaeeaio, o ye?e ia’?aeiaii ?yae i?e?iia?aaeeai, ae/eaiiaaieo ia
i?aenoaa? ?aae?caoe?? ie?aieo iiiyoue, ?o aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ca iaaieie
iciaeaie. Iaei??th c i?ia?aeieo o no?oeoo?oaaii? OAE ye oe?eino? ?
iiiceoe?y iaca ethaeae c iaaiith ?enith ca noaooth; oey iiiceoe?y iiaea
aooe ii?aeiaia c ?ioeie iiiceoe?yie, cie?aia c ineoieiai-aiioeaiith
oa?aeoa?enoeeith ?aoa?aioa.

Naia ‘aie’ o iacaao ethaeae aeyaey?oueny ia/ioei, caeaaieueoiai oiaei,
eiee iiiceoaie ? naie ‘aeeoeia’ e ‘aei?inea ethaeeia’. ?icaaeoaeaiith i
neeaaeiith ca i?aaiicaoei?th ? iie?iia?aaeeaia iaca, yei aiaeaeaathoue
aio?iiieiai/ii iniaeeainoi ethaeeie, a oaeiae iie?iia?aaeeaia iaca
iaaieo ?en oa?aeoa?o ethaeeie, aea iae/anoioa iayaia i?ioenoaaeaiiy
iiceoeaia ioe?iea – iaaaoeaia ioe?iea.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? aena?oeaii iii?iaoe?th ethaeeie oa ?? ?en a
ianoaaeaieo no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo aia??eao. Caoaaaeeii, ui aeey
aiae?ciaaii? OAE oa?aeoa?ia e?euee?nia ia?aaaaa iaca ia iicia/aiiy
iaaaoeaii? oa?aeoa?enoeee ethaeeie iaae eaeneeith aeey ia?aaea/?
iiceoeaii? ioe?iee ia’?eoa iii?iaoe??. Iieaciaeie uiaei oeueiai ?,
iai?., i?ioenoaai? ca naiaioeeith ENA ‘uaae?ee, yeee ioi/a ae?eeoueny
nai?i iaeiii’ ? ‘aeaae?aiee, yeee i?eno?anii i?aaia aei iaaeeae’. Aeey
ia?oi? naie, yea ?ai?acaioiaaia /ioe?ia eaenaiaie (o’|/’aae?e?,
|aeia?e?, ii|ae?e/’?ae?, iae|aeaaeie?), eeoa a 1 i. i. aeyaeaii o?e
aeoaeaoi? iacae, o 7 i. i. – aea?, o ?aoo? i. i. – ii iaeiiio
?ai?acaioaioo naie (aeea. e. 83). Aeoaeaoi? ?yaee ?ai?acaioaio?a naie
‘aeaae?aiee’ a?aecia/aii a 29 i. i. A aiae?ciaaieo aia??eao ia
cao?eniaaii aeiaeiiai ?iaiieea c? cia/aiiyi ‘uaae?a ethaeeia’, o oie /an
ye aeoaeaoiee ?yae ?ai?acaioaio?a naie ‘neoia ethaeeia’ neeaaea?oueny c
11 eaenai: neo|ia?, neoiae?|aea, neoiae?|aea?, neoiae?|aeaaa, |aeaae?ia,
aeaae|ioaa, aea|aeoaa, aea|aeiaa, ne|?aaa, aeiio, aeeae, i?e/iio a 37 i.
i. cao?eniaaii ii 2-5 aeoaeaoieo iaca (aeea. e. 82). Naia ‘a?aeaa?oee,
yeiio ia aeanoeaa ca?icoi?e?noue’ ia? eeoa 4 ?ai?acaioaioe, 3 c yeeo
i?aaenoaaeai? a aeine?aeaeaieo aia??eao nii?aaee/ii (i?inoi|aeooie? – 5
i. i., |aa?ie? – 3 i. i., a’?ae|aa?oe? – 2 i. i.). Iioe?aiith ia
ianoaaeai?e oa?eoi??? ? o?eueee eaenaia i?in|oe?, yea cao?eniaaia a 57
i. i., o 55 c yeeo aiia aenooia? ?aeeiei ?ai?acaioaioii naie. Naia c
i?ioeeaaeiei cia/aiiyi ‘ca?icoi?eee, yeee iiaiaeeoueny ai?aeiaeoi,
ieoaoi’ ?ai?acaioiaaia 9 eaenaiaie: |ai?aee?, ai?aei|aeoe?,
cac|ia?eoaaoe?, ca|iio’/’?aae?, iea|oaoe?, /’aai|eeae?, ca|oiie?,
caaea|aaeoaaoe?; o 3 i. i. a?aecia/aia iieniaa oi?ia eo|aeeia aea|nieiai
i|iai?ea i?i |naaa, i?e oeueiio a 9 i. i. cao?eniaaii aeoaeaoi? ?yaee c
2-5 eaenai.

?ieiee ?ioi?iaoi?e, cao?oaeithth/enue aa?aae?coaaoe niaoe?aeueiith
iacaith iiceoeaio oa?aeoa?enoeeo ethaeeie, aeei?enoiaothoue eaenaio
oa|?ioe?, yea anooia? a neiii?i?/i? a?aeiioaiiy c iacaaie ia iicia/aiiy
??cieo eiie?aoieo oa?aeoa?enoee, a oiio neooaoeaii iiaea iaoe cia/aiiy
‘noaoo?iee, yeee ia? no?oieo, i?iii?oe?eii neeaaeaio o?ao?o’,
‘a?iaeeeaee, e?aneaee’, ‘/aiiee, yeee aeyaey? iiaaao aei ?ioeo’,
‘i?ea?oiee, ue?ee’, ‘aeia?ice/eeaee’.

A??ia?aeieie i?e/eiaie caoaeaiiy aai e iiaii? a?aenooiino? aeoaeaoieo
?yae?a eaeneee ia iicia/aiiy iiceoeaii? ioe?iee ethaeeie ? cieeiaiiy
?aae?e noa?iai iiaooo (aeeoee c oaeeoeo ?icaaeoaeai? i?e?ia?oie eaeneee,
iia’ycaii? c ia?iaeieie i?iieneaie oa ioe?ieith iaeno??a, oa eaeneea,
yea a?aeaeaaea ?ae?a?ei? iiaeyaee ethaeae), a oaeiae iniaeeaino?
ineoieia?? ae?aeaeoiiin??a, iayai?noue iaaieo iaiaaeaiue, ui iiaooothoue
o o?aaeeoe?ei?e eoeueoo?? ia?iaeo (iai?., iioe?aiei ? iiaeyae: ia
oaaeeoe, uia ia iaoeiaeeoe, ia co?i/eoe); aiaeii/an i?aaiaiiy
ia?aaeoiaaoe, aei?aaeoe iaaeie?ee a oa?aeoa?? e iiaaae?ioe? ethaeeie
coiiaeth? cia/io e?euee?noue eaenai c iiaeaeuei?noth iaaaoeaii? ioe?iee.

O oai??? iii?iaoe?? aaaeeeaei ? ieoaiiy i?i ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iaeiine?aii?
oa aaaaoine?aii? iii?iaoe??. I?iiiceoeaia oa aeeneo?neaia iii?iaoe??
ethaeeie oa ?? ?en a ianoaaeaieo aia??eao aeei?enoiaothoueny, aea
oa?aeoa?ecothoueny iaioith /anoioi?noth ii??aiyii c eaene/iith
iii?iaoe??th. I?iiiceoeai? iiiaie – oea iae/ano?oa ia?aci? aeneiae, ye?
ooieoe?iiothoue o iiaeaii? ye aeoaeaoi? iaeeieoe? aei iaeiine?aieo
iaeiaioaaiue aai neiainiieo/aiue ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo oei?a Oae, ci
cia/aiiyi ‘ethaeeia c aeiaaei iinii’ caoieniaaii aeneia iin ia aeaio
a’ic / a iae|iiio aein|oacna, yeee oaeeaa?oueny ia?aeaeueii c
nooienaeueieie iiaiieeaie ii|na/’, ii|nai, ii|noe, eiiiiceoii
aeicai|iineae, noanoaioeaiaaieie i?eeiaoieeaie ii|naoe?, aeicai|iine?;
ci cia/aiiyi ‘ee?iaoa ethaeeia’ ?acii c iiaiieeaie |ee?ia, eea?|ioea,
noanoaioeaiaaieie i?eeiaoieeaie eea?|iaoe?, eo?|iine? a?aecia/aii
aeneiae iin ia |ciioea |aeeaeaoe:a, iin |niioea |aa/’a; neiiiiiaie aei
aea?eaaoia i’iaen|ooiieae, eo|eaaaeoe, eo|eacieae, ea|oeaea,
i’iaeoa|eii, eiiiiceoia aeaoo|ei/’ieae, eeoeae|i’i?, noanoaioeaiaaieo
i?eeiaoieeia eo|eaae?, i’iaen|ooiie?, ea|oeaeie?, |iiaeee?, |oeo?e? o
cia/aiii ‘iiaenooiia ethaeeia’ aenooiathoue aeneiae o |a’i/’i eae een /
a ca |i/’i eae a’in, o|eoneo i |coae caoi|aa; ?ai?acaioaioaie naie
‘ai?aeie, ai?aeee /ieiaie’ ? aea?eaaoe ai?|aeae, ai?|aei?,
noanoaioeaiaaii i?eeiaoieee |ai?aee?, ai?aei|aeoe?, a oaeiae
i?iiiceoeaiee iiiai iae |aeoaea eo|aea? ia|aeaea / nai ni|aieo
iae|naoe:a.

Aei i?iiiceoeaieo iiiai?a iaeaaeaoue iienia? neiainiieo/aiiy, ye?
iinoaee aiane?aeie iaiaaeaiiai aaeeaaiiy aai iiaii? a?aenooiino?
iaeiine?aieo iiiai?a; oae? neiainiieo/aiiy /anoi iiaoaeiaai? ca
no?oeoo?ith i?ae?yaeiiai neiainiieo/aiiy /e neeaaeiii?ae?yaeiiai
?a/aiiy: eo|aeeia, ea|ea aea|eaei |aa/a ‘aeaeaeici?a’, eo|aeeia, ea|ea
|eaeaoe:a ‘eeoine?aia’, eo|aeeia, ea|ea cn?o ei|eioeo ‘caeieioiee’.

Aei aeeneo?neaii? iii?iaoe?? ae?aeaeoiiin?? iae/ano?oa aaeathoueny a oeo
aeiaaeeao, eiee a?aenooi? neiai aai neiainiieo/aiiy aeey iaceaaiiy
yei?nue iciaee. Iii?iaoe?th ca aeiiiiiaith oaenoo aeei?enoiaothoue
oiae?, eiee iaiaaathoueny ae?a?aoe aaoai?noe/iee ae?ac, i?ieiiaiooaaoe
naiaioe/i? a?aeo?iee neiii?i?a, cacia/eoe aeaea?aei ?ioi?iaoe??,
iiynieoe a?aenooi?noue iacae aai ?? aeoeaia /e ??aeea aeei?enoaiiy.
I?iiiceoeaia oa aeeneo?neaia iii?iaoe?? ethaeeie oa ?? ?en o
no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo aia??eao ia iaeaaeaoue aei aeniei/anoioieo.

Iioe?ai?oith ? iii?iaoe?y ca aeiiiiiaith neiainiieo/aiue, ye? iiaeooue
iaoe ??cio no?oeoo?o, aooe a?eueieie /e ca’ycieie. Niaoeeo?eith ?o
ooieoe?iioaaiiy ? oa, ui aei a?eueieo ao?eaooeaieo neiainiieo/aiue o
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ?niothoue iaeiine?ai? naiaioe/i? aea?aaeaioe –
?iaiieeia? aea?eaaoe: aeaae|ee? /’iei|a’?e – aea|aeoi, aa?eo|aaoa
eo|aeeia – aa?|ei, iaeca|?aaia eo|aeeia – iaeca|?aaa. Ia a?aei?io a?ae
a?eueieo no?ee? neiainiieo/aiiy iiaeooue iaoe a?eueo yne?aaa aiioe?eia
caaa?aeaiiy, i?ae neiii?i?/i? ?i iaeiine?ai? iii?iaoe??: |aaaa aa|ca?ia,
eacea|eaoa o|aanea ‘aaeaeooa’. Neiii?iaie aei iaeiine?aieo iaeiaioaaiue
iiaeooue aenooiaoe oaeiae neiainiieo/aiiy-aaoai?cie: iae|/’?noe? |ia
?oeo ‘ceiae?e’, |aeaaeie? aei |e?ae’? ‘iaiaaea?a’, iae cn? |aeiia
‘aeo?aiue’. Aenieith /anoioi?noth aeyao a ianoaaeaieo aia??eao
a?aecia/athoueny no?ee? ii??aiyiiy, o yeeo ethaeeia ii??aith?oueny c
oaa?eiaie (o|ia?oe? eae aa|?ai), ?ineeiaie aai ?o /anoeiaie (oii|ee? eae
ei|ceia, aeo|oe? eae iai), i?oieia?/ieie ?noioaie (ca|iaoeaia eae
|a’?aeia), yaeuaie i?e?iaee (iic|/’?o eae oo|iai), i?aaeiaoaie iiaooo
(|ii?aea eae /’aao|iaoe), i?iaeoeoaie oa?/oaaiiy (|aoae eae aa|?aieee);
cao?eniaaii iiiaeeiie? no?ee? ii??aiyiiy, o yeeo eiiiiiaioaie ?
ae??i?eeiaoiee aai ae??i?eeiaoieeiaee cai?io (e?a|neae? eae
iaia|eiaaie?, ii|aaie? eae |aeeaie n|eeaeaie?); ?ieiee ye can?a
neooaoeaii? iii?iaoe?? a aia??eao cao?eniaaii iie?eiiiiiaioi? iaeeieoe?
(oicn|oe? eae noic|ieaa, o’/’i n|aei? |/’ooaeooe:a).

Ae?acia oaiaeaioe?y o?ainoi?iaoe?? aaaaoueio no?eeeo ii??aiyiue, ?o
cai?oaiiy aei iaeiine?aieo aoi?eiieo iiiai?a, ye? yne?aa?oa ae?aaeathoue
iaaaoeaio ioe?ieo e iiaeooue ooieoe?iioaaoe ia?aeaeueii c? no?eeeie
ii??aiyiiyie aai iiai?noth canooiaoe inoaii?. Cia/iiai iioe?aiiy a
aia??eao na?aae iaeeieoeue aiae?ciaaii? OAE iaaoea o. ca. “ciieia?/ia
iaoaoi?a”: aaeae|i’?ae ‘eeeoaaa ethaeeia’, aa|?ai, aee, a’?n|eoe ‘oia?oa
ethaeeia’ oa ?i. Aeniei/anoioieie a ianoaaeaieo aia??eao ? aoi?eii?
iiiaie, ui iinoaee aiane?aeie ia?aianaiiy ia ethaeeio iaca iaaeeaeo
i?aaeiao?a: o’i?iaa|eao ‘iaaenieee ia c??no oeiiaoeue’, eai|oa ‘aaeei’
oa ?i.; aei aoi?eiii? iii?iaoe?? ae?aeaeoiiin?? caeaa?eueoiai
aaeathoueny i?e iaaaoeai?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe? ethaeeie.

Iniaeea?noth aoi?eiii? iii?iaoe?? o ae?aeaeoiiio iiaeaii? ? oa, ui a
??cieo aia??eao oa naia eaenaia aeaeaei ia caaaeaee iaceaa? oa naia
iiiyooy, ine?eueee aeae?ey? ye nooo?a? ??ci? aeanoeaino? ?iaiiaaieo
?aae?e. Oae, eaenaia aaea|aii, yeo a “Neiaieeo oe?a?inueei? iiae” (a 11
oiiao, aeae? – NOI) iiaeaii c ?aia?eith “aeiaeaeoia” ? aeoeoia/aii ye
‘a?yceaeueoea, aoaiiaoeue’, a ianoaaeaieo aiai?eao cao?eniaaii ?c
cia/aiiyi ‘aacieaei’. ?ai?acaioaioii naie ‘aeaaeoi’ a i. i. 2 ?
aoi?eiiee iiiai |aociaie, NOI oieno? oea neiai ci cia/aiiyi ‘iaeii?i/ia
oaey’, c oaeei aea cia/aiiyi, ca na?ae/aiiyie ea?oioaee Neiaieea
oe?a?inueeeo ia?iaeieo aiai??a, eaenaia a?aeiia ? a aaaaoueio aia??eao
i?aaeaiii-cao?aeiiai oa i?aaeaiii-no?aeiiai ia??/, a a aia??oe? n.
Ion??aee ia AEeoiie?uei? eaenaio |aoc?aie aeei?enoiaothoue ye
aea?o?aeeao iacao aaeeeiai iaiiaeyoe, yeiai iaoe aiaeo? nai?i iieieii.
Iacaa ioaoe ae|?ioaa a aiai?eao Ieaeiuei? Iaaeaeiii?yiueie iaaoaa?
iaoaoi?e/iiai cia/aiiy ‘aeiiea c oianoeie noaaiaie’, a a
noiaeiineiaiaeainueeeo aiai?eao aa?iaio oei?? eaenaie ae|?ioa
aeei?enoiao?oueny aeey iiiiiaoei? aeniei? ooaei? aeiiee. Eaenaia
ae|eoeoi, yea a aaaaoueio aia??eao on?o o?ueio ia??/ oa a eioa?aoo?iie
iiai ia? cia/aiiy ‘iinoaeeia, aeaeiaaaia ci noiaao?a aea?aaa, o yeie
cieyoue aieecio, iieioii’, o aeine?aeaeaieo aia??eao ooieoe?iio? oaeiae
c? cia/aiiyi ‘aeaaeoi, aeaaeooa, iaiiii?ii iiaia ethaeeia’, a a aia??eao
Caii?icueei? iae. icia/a? ‘aaeeeee aeeaio’ aai aenooia? aoi?eiiei
iiiaiii aeey ethaeeie, yea aeoaea aaaaoi i’? aiaee. Eaenaia oae|iaoea,
yeo NOI aeoeoia/o? ye aeiaeaeoio ‘aeoaea iiiioaia ni?i/ea’, a
ianoaaeaieo aia??eao cono?i/a?oueny ci cia/aiiyi ‘aeoaea ooaea aeiiea’.
Aoi?eiia iacaa o|iaea iiaooo? a noiaeiineiaiaeainueeeo aiai?eao aeey
iiiiiaoei? aeniei? ooaei? ethaeeie, a a ieaeiueiiaaeaei?i?yinueeeo
aiai?eao – ooii? ethaeeie, oaeaiiy.

Iioe?aiiy e /anoioi?noue oaeeaaiiy aoi?eiieo iiiai?a ??cieo ENA
iaiaeiaeiaa; oae, c? cia/aiiyi ‘aeaaeooa, iaiii??ii iiaia ae?iea’
aoi?eii? iiiaie a?aecia/ai? eeoa a 4 i. i. ? a on?o aeiaaeeao ye
aeoaeaoe aei ?ioeo iaca; c? cia/aiiyi ‘iaiineaeeeaa aeeoeia’ iaoaoi?e/i?
iacae cao?eniaaii a 39 i. i., i?e/iio a 23 i. i. aoi?eii? iiiaie ?
?aeeieie ?ai?acaioaioaie naie, a a 10 i. i. iayaia neiii?i?y aoi?eiieo
iaca.

Iaei??th c oa?aeoa?ieo iciae OAE “Ethaeeia oa ?? ?ene” ? iayai?noue
?icaaeoaeaieo ?yae?a i?aeaia??eiaeo iii?iaoeaieo a?aeiia?aeiee?a, ye?
iiaeooue oi?ioaaoe ?iaiieeia? iiiaie c iaaiei neiaioa??ieie ao?enaie,
eiiiiceoe, ao?eaooeai? neiainiieo/aiiy, noanoaioeaiaai? i?eeiaoieee aai
ae??i?eeiaoieee, no?ee? ii??aiyiiy, iienia? oi?ie ??cieo no?oeoo?ieo
oei?a, iai?.: naia ‘aoaaoa aeiiea’: ao|aaiea, ao|aa/’ea, ao|aaea,
aoaio|eiiea, ao|aaoa |ae’iiea, ao|aaoa; naia ‘aooaiue, ethaeeia c
aaeeeeie aooaie’: ao|oai, ao|oa/’, ao|oaoe?, ao|oanoe?, o|oanoe?,
o|oanoie, eaia|aooe?, eaiea|aooe?, ea?ia|aooe?, ao|oaoe? eae |caeaoe,
|aooa eae o eaaea|ia, |aooa eae eiio|oe; naia ‘aeooee /ieiaie’: aeo|oa?,
aeo|oai, aeo|oa/’, aeo|oa?a, aeooi|iai, aeoo|iai, aeoo|ei, aeoo|iao,
aeoo|ia?a, aeo|oe?, aeo|oa oae|oa?a, aeo|oe? eae iai [ ~ eae n|ooia, ~
eae |oaoae?aec]; naia ‘aeioaiiee, aeioaiia ethaeeia’: aei|oaiieae,
aei|oaiie?, ino|?ae, eoii|?eno, iaeo|ee?, |oiie?, ino?i|oiie?,
aeno?i|oiie?, eo|aeeia |aino?a ia ea|cee. Aea?? ?ioi?iaoi?aie
iii?iaoeaiiai aa??aioa ? noa’?eoeaiei ? cia/iith i??ith caeaaeeoue a?ae
oiai, eiai ? a yeiio ieai? oa?aeoa?ecothoue. Noo?enaeuei? ?iaiieee
ni?eeiathoueny ye i??caenueea ? i?e iaaaoeai?e oa?aeoa?enoeoe?, iniaeeai
i?e iii?iaoe?? o?ce/ieo aaae, ia?aaeathoue ethaeeio. Oiio, eiee
eaeaoueny i?i oi?ioo ethaeeio, oaeeo ooai?aiue o iiaeaii? iaiaaathoueny
oieeaoe, cai?ithth/e ?o iieniaeie oi?iaie.

E?euee?noue aeoaeaoieo ?ai?acaioaio?a aeey ??cieo nai ia iaeiaeiaa; a
iaeieo aeiaaeeao naia ia? ?icaaeoaeaiee iaa?? ?ai?acaioaio?a, i?e/iio
aeoaeaoi? ooai?aiiy iiaooothoue o a?eueoino? aia??ie, iai?.: naia
‘ei?iooi, iecueei?inea ethaeeia’ ia? 19 ?ai?acaioaio?a: e?e?|ioo,
|ea?eeae, o|iaiaeeae, ei?i|ooi, ei?i|oeoea, ei?i|oooea, ei?i|ooeea,
eo?|aeoiaee, iaeaei|?inoie, ea?a|i’ao, ea?a|ioc, eo|oeae, oi’?iaa|eao,
|eooee?, ia|ee?, iaeaei|?inee?, iea|caiee?, ia|ee? |?inoii, ieac |eiai
|?inoo; aeoaeaoi? iii?iaoeai? iaeeieoe? iiaooothoue o 25 i. i. (aeea. e.
26); naia ‘aaeaeo/a ae?iea’ ?ai?acaioiaaia 23 iii?iaoeaieie iaeeieoeyie:
aa|ciea, aa|cieaei, aaea|eooa, aaea|aieea, ionoi|iaea, o?ii|ei,
o?i|ia/’ea, aie|oooa, o’/’iaaae|oooa, aiai|?ooa, oeiei|oooa, oi?io|oooa,
eaeiae|oooa, ia|oaeaei, oa?a|oi?ea, o?eaiaeea|/’ioa, eanei|oooa,
ieaen|eooa, oiei|iaoa, ea|ce/’ieaoea, , oae?ae|aaia , |aaaa aa|ca?ia
eacea|eaoa o|aanea, o 55 i. i. a?aecia/aii aeoaeaoi? ?ai?acaioaioe. A
?ioeo aeiaaeeao, oi/a ?yae ?ai?acaioaio?a naie ? ? ?icaaeoaeaiei, eeoa
ie?ai? iiiaie ? aeniei/anoioieie a ianoaaeaieo aia??eao, a oiio a
a?eueoino? i. i. aeoaeaoi? ?yaee iaca a?aenooi?, iai?.: naia
‘cacae??niee’ ia? 12 ?ai?acaioaio?a: ca|aeneeaae?, |caaeaneeaae?,
ca|a’?neeaae?, ca|aenie?, |caaenie?, caaean|ie?, ca|a’?nie?,
caaea|aeoo’/’??, ca|aeaeeeaae?, |caaeaaeie?, ca|aeaeie?, |cacae??nie?,
aea iaeaea an? aiie i?aaenoaaeai? nii?aaee/ii; eeoa a 6 i. i.
ia?aeaeueii ooieoe?iiothoue ii aea? aeoaeaoi? iacae, o 2 – ii /ioe?e, o
56 i. i. a?aecia/aii iaeei ?ai?acaioaio naie.

Ie?ai? naie a ianoaaeaiiio eiioeiooi? ia aeathoue aaeeei? e?eueeino?
?ai?acaioaio?a; oae, naia ‘e?aoa’ ?ai?acaioiaaia iaei??th eaenaiith –
?iaiieeii ni?eueiiai ?iaeo e?ac|oa; o?eueee a 1 i. i. cao?eniaaii
aea?eaao e?ac|oae aeey iii?iaoe?? e?ao?-/ieia?ea oa ii iaeiiio i. i. –
eaenaie e?ac|oa/’ea, e?a|aa/’ea – aeey iii?iaoe?? e?ao?-ae?iee (aeea. e.
36).

Iaoa??ae cana?ae/ea, ui iiiceoe?y iaca ethaeae c iaaiith ?enith ca
noaooth iiaea aooe ?aae?ciaaia e?eueeiia niiniaaie: 1) ca aeiiiiiaith
niaoeeo?/ieo noanoaioea?a aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee /ieia?ea aai ae?iee; 2) ca
aeiiiiiaith aea?eaao?a c iaaieie neiaioa??ieie oi?iaioaie aeey
iicia/aiiy in?a /ieia?/i? e ae?ii/i? noao?; 3) ca aeiiiiiaith
ao?eaooeaieo neiainiieo/aiue aai noanoaioeaiaaieo i?eeiaoiee?a
a?aeiia?aeiiai a?aiaoe/iiai ?iaeo. Oae, aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ?ooeeai?,
aia?a?eii? ethaeeie a 34 i. i. aeei?enoaii ?iaiiee ni?eueiiai ?iaeo
iaeii|neaea, o 7 i. i. – oiiaoe/iee aa??aio iaeii|naaea, o 3 i. i.
aeyaeaii iiiceoe?th aae?|ooi – aae?|oooa; nii?aaee/ii a?aecia/aii
eiiiiceo aae?oeo|ainoea – aeey iii?iaoe??? iaiineaeeeai? ae?iee, o 20 i.
i. iiiceoe?y ‘?ooeeaee /ieia?e’ : ‘?ooeeaa ae?iea’ ?aae?ciaaia ca
aeiiiiiaith oeaen?e a?aeiia?aeiiai a?aiaoe/iiai ?iaeo i?eeiaoiee?a
aae?o|eaae?, ~a, e|?o/’?aie?, ~a, iaeiinea|aea/’??, ~a,
iaeii|neaeeeaae?, ~a, iaeo|n?/’:?aae?, ~a.

A ie?aieo aeiaaeeao iiiceoe?y a?aenooiy, iii?iaoe?y ? /ieia?ea, ? ae?iee
a?aeaoaa?oueny ca aeiiiiiaith ?iaiiee?a ni?eueiiai ?iaeo, iai?.
?ai?acaioai-oaie naie ‘iaaeieo/eeaa ethaeeia’ ? ?iaiieee iaaei|e?aea,
iaa|?eaea, ian|oe?a, i?ea|/’aia, ca|ioaea, aeieo|/’a?ei; naia ‘i?iie?a’
?ai?acaioiaaia ?iaiieeaie ni?eueiiai ?iaeo i?i|ie?a, i?i?|aeioa,
i|?i?aea, i?i|iica. Aeey ?ioeo nai ?iaiieee ni?eueiiai ?iaeo ia
cao?eniaai?, eeoa aeyaeaii neiaioa??i? iiiceoe, oae, naia ‘ethaeeia, yea
ethaeoue aea?ooaaoe’ ?ai?acaioiaaia eaenaiaie ooo|iee – ooo|ieoea,
aea?o?c|iee – aea?o?c|ieoea, /’o|aeae – /’o|aea/’ea, eoii|?eno –
eoii|?enoea

?icae?e 3 “Aaia?ao?y ioe?iii? eaeneee oe?a?inueeeo
no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo aia??ie” ia? i?ae?icae?ee: “I?inoi?iaa iiaaae?iea
eaeneee ia iicia/aiiy ethaeeie oa ?? ?en o no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo
aia??eao” ? “Oaiaeaioe?? /eaioaaiiy no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo aia??ie ca
aeaieie eaeneee ia iicia/aiiy ethaeeie oa ?? ?en”.

A?aecia/aii, ui a neiaiaeainueeiio aiai?? a?aenooi? /?oei ae?aaeaia
i?ioenoaaeaiiy ae?aeaeoieo cii, iaea?eueoa e?euee?noue a?aei?iiinoae
iia’ycaia c iaiaeiaeiaei ?aia?ooa?ii eaenai ia iicia/aiiy ie?aieo nai o
??cieo i?e?ia?aaeao ?aa?iio, a oaeiae ??ciith ooieoe?iiaeueiith
aeoeai?noth ?ai?acaioaio?a naie, iayai?noth eaene/ieo aeoaeao?a.

Ea?oia?aooaaiiy iieacaei, ui aeey aeine?aeaeaiiai ?aa?iio oa?aeoa?ieie ?
e?eueea oei?a a?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee ?ai?acaioaio?a nai: 1) i?i?iaeueia
caeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue, yea iiaea aeyaeyoeny ia aeaio ??aiyo: ca
e?euee?noth ?ai?acaioaio?a naie aai ca iiaaae?ieith ?ai?acaioaio?a o
iiaiiio i?inoi?? ? niinoa??aa?oueny ia?aaaaeii a oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee
e?euee?noue aeoaeaoieo ooai?aiue ? iacia/iith (ia?aaaaeii 2-3 iiiaie), a
?ai?acaioaioaie naie a a?eueoino? aia??ie aenooiathoue eaenaie, ni?euei?
c e?oa?aoo?iith iiaith, a oiio ooieoe?iiaeueii i?aeo?eioaai?
inoaiiueith; 2) a?aaeueia iica?ea, coiiaeaia, ia?o ca ana, iaei??th c
iaeoa?aeoa?i?oeo iniaeeainoae ioe?iii? eaeneee – cia/iith e?euee?noth
aeoaeaoieo ooai?aiue o iaaeao aia??ee oa iayai?noth cia/ii? e?eueeino?
a?aaeueieo iiiceo?a ia iicia/aiiy o??? ae naie; 3) ie?aneaiiy
i?e?ia?aae?a, ye? a iiaiiio ieai? ia ? aaniethoii ?cieueiaaieie
no?oeoo?aie. C 230 nea?oia?aoiaaieo ?ai?acaioaio?a i?i?iaeueii
aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieie aeyaeeeny 57 (25% a?ae caaaeueii? e?eueeino?),
a?aaeueio iica?eo i?aaenoaaeythoue ?ai?acaioaioe 85 nai (37%),
i?e?ia?aaee aeae?eaii aeey 88 nai (38%).

Aaaeeeaei ? anoaiiaeaiiy iniaeeainoae a?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee ??cieo
no?oeoo?ieo oei?a iii?iaoeaieo iaeeieoeue: iaeiine?aieo ? aaaaoine?aieo
iiiai?a, ia?aeiieo ? aoi?eiieo (iaoaoi?e/ieo ? iaoii?i?/ieo) iaca,
iiiceoeaieo ooai?aiue uiaei a?iaoe/iiai ?iaeo oa ?iaiiee?a ni?eueiiai
?iaeo, noo?enaeueieo ?iaiiee?a oa ao?eaooeaieo neiainiieo/aiue aai
noanoaioeaiaaieo i?eeiaoiee?a.

Aeey eiaeiiai c iacaaieo oei?a iiaieo ciae?a oa?aeoa?i? nai? iniaeeaino?
a?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee. Oae, iienia? e?eueeane?ai? iacae caeaa?eueoiai ?
i?i?iaeueii a?aaeueii aeeoa?aioe?eiaaieie (o a?eueoino? aia??ie aiie
aenooiathoue ?ai?acaioaioaie 1-3 nai). *anoioi?noue oaeeaaiiy aoi?eiieo
iiiai?a ? aeuith a oeaio?aeuei?e oa i?ai?/i?e /anoei? aeine?aeaeoaaii?
oa?eoi???. A?aenooi?noue ?ai?acaioaio?a nai cao?eniaaia a cao?aeiiio
a?aae? /ano?oa, i?ae o no?aeiiio (a?aeiia?aeii 6-10 ? 1-5 nai).
Oaiaeaioe?e i?inoi?iai? iiaaae?iee iiiceoeaieo iaca in?a ca noaooth ia
aeyaeaii; eeoa a?aecia/aii, ui aeey ?ai?acaioaio?a a?eueoino? nai
oa?aeoa?ia i?inoi?iaa iica?ea.

O ae?oaiio i?ae?icae?e? ca e?eueeiia ?enaie aeae?eaii a?aeiinii /?oei
ie?aneai? a?aaee eaene/ieo yaeu, ye? ooai?ththoue a?aaeuei? iiiceoe??:
cao?ae – no?ae, i?aaeaiue – i?ai?/, oeaio? – ia?eoa??y. Ia caoiae?
i?e?iciie ooai?ththoue eaenaie aa?eo|aaoe? ‘iiaoeueeoaaoee’, eoe|aaae?
‘eeeoaaa ethaeeia’, oae?iae|eeae? ‘iineaethuee’, ian|oe?ie?
‘iaiieaaeeaee’, ea|aae ‘ca?aeiee’, oai|ee? ‘ceiae?eeoaaoee’;
i’?ae|eaneeaae? ‘oeaneeaee’, ni?ii|eeae? ‘caeaoiee a?ae/oaaoe ni?ii’,
aieac|ee? ‘yeee onueiai ai?oueny’, o?ai|oeoa ‘/aio?ooa’; aeaae|ee?
‘ie?oaaee’, a|?oae? ‘ia/aiiee’, iaen|oooea ‘ae?iea, ye?e aeiaiaeaeathoue
a on?o aaaeaiiyo’, iaei|oana ‘iaaeioaia’, ia?iio|?ao ‘ethaeeia, yea aac
iio?aae aeo?a/a? a?io?’. O oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei? ianoaaeaiiai ?aa?iio
aeae?eaii i?e?ia?aaee aeey ?ai?acaioaio?a oicn|ooea ‘aeaaeooa’,
aa|c?eoaaoe? ‘aaeaeo/ee’, i’i?|eoi : ii’?|eoioa ‘aeaaeeeaa ethaeeia’,
ea|oeaea ‘i?aenooiia ethaeeia’, i?ea|a’?oeeaae? ‘ainoeiiee’;
iae|a’??oeo/’?? ‘iaaeia??eeaee’, ii|e’??ie? ‘neooiyiee’, ?an|iooieaoea
‘aaciooia ae?iea’, nii|eona ‘ca?aeiee’; e??i|ee? ‘i?enaaeeoaaoee’,
iea|co/’?? ‘oeaneeaee’, eoii|?enoea ‘aea?o?aieoey’, a|?aiioie?
‘?icoiiee’, ?iai|oao’/’?? ‘i?aoeaethaiee’; e?|ieae? ‘aaeeoaaoee’,
?acai|ai?/’?aae? ‘aaeaeo/ee’, nii|niaie? ‘oi?eee’, ni|eooa ‘niiy’,
aei|eao’/’?aoea ‘aeiiiueoey’, a?eac|ei ‘naa?eeaa ethaeeia’, |iecaiea/’ie
‘ianooi’, |iecaiea/’ea ‘ianooiea’, aaec|aeooie? ‘aei?noieee’;
ca|e?aeeanoe? ‘caaea?eeoaaoee’, aai|aeoaa ‘?ica?eiee’, ooo|iee
‘aea?o?aiee’, nea|aeaie? ‘aei?noieee’; aa?|ei ‘iaiiai?oea ae?iea’,
i|oa?ie? ‘yeee aeio?eio?oueny /enoioe’, a?eaae|eeae? ‘yeee a?ae/oaa?
iaeaeo’, iaen’|i’aee? ‘ia??oo/ee’; ei?i|oeoea ‘iecueei?inea ethaeeia’,
|iiaeieae ‘/aio?oi’, aieo|eeaee ‘aaeaeo/ee’, ooo|eeae? ‘ionoioeeaee’. Ia
noiae? i?e?iciie oi?iothoue eaenaie ia|oiioaie? ‘i?enaaeeoaaoee’,
i?aoei|aeoe? ‘i?aoeaethaiee’, ca|io?caie? ‘iaioaeiee’; ?ano|?iia
‘ia/ana’, aoi|aeineeaae? ‘aoaiyaee’, oae?i|ea/’?? ‘iineaethuee’,
|oono?e? ‘ni?eoiee’, eeoeae|i’?? : eeoeae|i’??ea ‘i?aenooiia ethaeeia’,
iaae|eaoe ‘i?aeea ethaeeia’, aieac|ee? ‘yeee onueiai ai?oueny’;
niieean|oii ‘oeiiaoeue, o yeiai oa/ooue c iina niie?’, caa?a|aaeieae
‘caeeoeyeueiee’, nii|eenoe? ‘niieeaee’, ao|oa/’ ‘ethaeeia c aaeeeeie
aooaie’, i’?eeo|aaeieae : i’?eeo|aaeieaoea ‘aeaaeeeaa ethaeeia’,
i’?ae|eioieae ‘i?aeea ethaeeia’, e?aaeei|aeoe? ‘ceiae?eeoaaoee’.

Oe? i?e?iciie ia noaiiaeyoue ?cieueiaaieo i?inoi?iaeo ooai?aiue; oae,
?ai?acaioaio naie ‘aaeaeo/ee’ aieo|eeae? ooai?th? aeaa i?e?ia?aaee –
iaeei a oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei? (i. i. 18, 19, 25), ?ioee ia caoiae? (i.
i. 32, 62, 63, 64); eaenaia ?iai|oao’/’?? ? ?ai?acaioaioii naie
‘i?aoeaethaiee’ o aeaio i?e?ia?aaeao o oeaio?aeuei?e /anoei? (i. i. 33,
34, 35 ? i. i. 42, 43, 45, 46), a oaeiae ia noiae? (i. i. 56, 57) oa
caoiae? ianoaaeaii? oa?eoi??? (i. i. 10, 23, 24, 27, 28, 29, 30).
Aeineoue /anoi eaenaie ooai?ththoue i?e?ia?aaee a oeaio?aeuei?e oa
no?aei?e /anoeiao aeine?aeaeaii? ciie.

Aiae?c eaeneee no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo aia??ie, iia’ycaii? c iii?iaoe??th
ethaeeie oa ?? ?en, aeicaieea c?iaeoe ianooii? aeniiaee.

Aeine?aeaeoaaia OAE “Ethaeeia oa ?? ?ene” ? neeaaeiith ?icaaeoaeaiith
nenoaiith iaeiaioaaiue, ia oi?ioaaiiy yei?, e??i aeania e?iaaaeueieo,
aieeaathoue /eneaii? iicae?iaaaeuei? /eiieee: nioe?aeueii-aeiiii?/i? oa
noni?eueii-iie?oe/i? oiiae aeeooy, ineoieia?/i? ianoaiiae, o?aaeeoe?eia
eoeueoo?a, ii?aeueii-aoe/i? iaiaaeaiiy. ?aia?ooa? iaca aeey iicia/aiiy
iaaaoeaii? ioe?iee ? ?icaaeoaeai?oei ii??aiyii c eaeneeith aeey
ia?aaea/? iiceoeaii? ioe?iee; iaeaaaeeea?oa i?e/eia oeueiai yaeua – ae?y
ii?aeueii-aoe/ieo ii?i, iiaeaeae ineoieia?/ii? iiaaae?iee
ae?aeaeoiiin??a.

Aeey aiae?ciaaii? a?oie eaeneee oa?aeoa?iith iciaeith ? ?icaaeoaeaia
nenoaia iii?iaoeaieo iaeeieoeue; aea?? ?ioi?iaoi?ii iii?iaoeaiiai
aa??aioa c ?yaeo iiaeeeaeo iaeeieoeue ? noa’?eoeaiei ? cia/iith i??ith
caeaaeeoue a?ae oiai, eiai ? a yeiio ieai? oa?aeoa?eco? ae?aeaeoiiin?e;
oeae aea?? caeaa?eueoiai neooaoeaiee. Aeaea?aeaie oi?ioaaiiy
iii?iaoeaieo ?yae?a, ie??i ?ioeo, ? eaeneea iaoa?einueeeo aiai??a,
noi?aeieo aia??ie ?in?enueei? iiae.

O no?oeoo?? OAE iaca ia iicia/aiiy ethaeeie oa ?? ?en iaei??th c
i?ia?aeieo ? iiiceoe?y iaca ethaeae ca noaooth. *anoioi?noue
aeei?enoaiiy ?iaiiee?a ni?eueiiai ?iaeo oa a?aeiia?aeieo aea?eaao?a aeey
iicia/aiiy in?a /ieia?/i? e ae?ii/i? noao? iaiaeiaeiaa aeey ??cieo nai;
o a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a ?iaiieee ni?eueiiai ?iaeo e neiaioa??i?
iiiceoeai? ia?e ooieoe?iiothoue ye aeoaeaoe.

Noo?enaeuei? ?iaiieee aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee ethaeeie oa ?? ?en o
no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo aia??eao ? iaio /anoioieie, i?ae ao?eaooeai?
neiainiieo/aiiy, noanoaioeaiaai? i?eeiaoieee oa iienia? oi?ie ??cieo
no?oeoo?ieo oei?a.

Na?aae aeae?a iii?iaoe?? iaeiioe?ai?oith ? eaene/ia – iii?iaoe?y ia
??ai? neiaa ? neiainiieo/aiiy. ssaeua i?iiiceoeaii? e aeeneo?neaii?
iii?iaoe?? ? iaio oa?aeoa?ieie aeey aiae?ciaaii? OAE. Iaeiei ?c
iioe?aieo cania?a iii?iaoe?? ethaeeie oa ?? ?en ? neiainiieo/aiiy ??cieo
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo oei?a. A?euei? ao?eaooeai? neiainiieo/aiiy a
a?eueoino? aeiaaee?a aenooiathoue aeoaeaoaie aei iaeiine?aieo
iaeiaioaaiue. Ia a?aei?io a?ae a?eueieo niieo/aiue ne?a no?ee?
neiainiieo/aiiy iiaeooue iaoe a?eueo yne?aaa aiioe?eia caaa?aeaiiy, i?ae
a?aeiia?aei? eaenaie; iioe?aieie ? oaeiae neiainiieo/aiiy-aaoai?cie.

Aeniea /anoioi?noue oa?aeoa?ia aeey no?eeeo ii??aiyiue, yeei, ia
a?aei?io a?ae iaeiine?aieo iaca oa eaene/ieo neiainiieo/aiue, i?eoaiaiia
a?eueo ae?aaeaia aeni?aneai?noue, ia?aci?noue. Aeey aaaaoueio no?eeeo
ii??aiyiue oa?aeoa?iith ? oaiaeaioe?y aei oi?aa?a?caoe??, ooai?aiiy
iaeiine?aiiai aoi?eiiiai iiiaia; oaeee i?ioean cao?eniaaiee aeey 40
no?eeeo ii??aiyiue; i?e oeueiio no?ee? ii??aiyiiy iiaeooue iiaoooaaoe
ia?aeaeueii c iaoaoi?e/ieie iacaaie aai aooe canooieai? inoaii?ie.

I?inoi?iaa iiaaae?iea aiae?ciaaii? eaeneee cana?ae/o? a?aenooi?noue
/?oei ae?aaeaii? neioii?? a?eueoino? ea?oia?aoiaaieo iaeeieoeue. Aeey
ianoaaeaiiai eiioeiooio oa?aeoa?i? o?e oeie a?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee
eaeneee: 1) i?i?iaeueia aeeoa?aioe?eiaai?noue iiaiiai eaiaeoaooo, ui
coiiaeaii iaaaeeeith e?euee?noth ?ai?acaioaio?a naie aai ?o
ni?a?icoaooaaiiyi o iiaiiio i?inoi??; 2) iayai?noue a?aaeueii? iica?ee,
iia’ycaia ia?aaeon?i c aeoaeaoiith no?ieao?noth ?ai?acaioiaaiiai
iaoa??aeo; 3) ie?aneaiiy i?e?ia?aae?a, ye? a iiaiiio ieai? ia ?
?cieueiaaieie no?oeoo?aie. Iaiaeiaeiaith ? e a?aaeueia iiaaae?iea ??cieo
oei?a iii?iaoeaieo iaeeieoeue: iaeiine?aieo ? aaaaoine?aieo iiiai?a,
ia?aeiieo ? aoi?eiieo iaca, iiiceoeaieo ooai?aiue ia iicia/aiiy in?a
/ieia?/i? e ae?ii/i? noao? oa ?iaiiee?a ni?eueiiai ?iaeo, noo?enaeueieo
?iaiiee?a oa ao?eaooeaieo neiainiieo/aiue aai noanoaioeaiaaieo
i?eeiaoiee?a. Ca e?eueeiia ?enaie ie?aneththoueny a?aaee eaene/ieo yaeu
ca iiiceoe?yie: cao?ae – no?ae, i?ai?/ – i?aaeaiue, oeaio? – ia?eoa??y.

Iniiai? iieiaeaiiy aeena?oaoe?? a?aeia?aaeaii a oaeeo ioae?eaoe?yo:

1. I?iaeaia aaiaceno ae?aeaeoieo nenoai oe?a?inueei? iiae a no/aniiio
iiaiciaanoa? // Iinoao? oa ?aea?: C ?noi??? iiaiciaanoaa a Oe?a?i?. –
E.: Iaoe. aeoiea, 1995. – N. 124-129.

2. Iaeiine?aia e aaaaoine?aia iii?iaoe?y, ?oi? ooieoe?iiaeueia
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy // A?niee Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. O?eieia?/i? iaoee. – 1998. – ? 9. – N.
74-81.

3. Aoi?eiia iii?iaoe?y ethaeeie oa ?? ?en o no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo
oe?a?inueeeo aia??eao // A?niee Eoaainueeiai aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea. O?eieia?/i? iaoee. – 1998. – ? 9. – N.
81-86.

4. I?inoi?iaa iiaaae?iea eaeneee ia iicia/aiiy ethaeeie oa ?? ?en o
no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo oe?a?inueeeo aia??eao // A?niee Eoaainueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iaaeaaia?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea.
O?eieia?/i? iaoee. – 1999. – ? 5 (15). – N. 43-51.

5. Iaoa??aee aei neiaieea aia??ie No?aeii? Neiaiaeaiueie: Ethaeeia oa ??
?ene. – Eoaainuee: Oeyo, 1999. – 76 n.

6. Eaeneea aeey oa?aeoa?enoeee o?ce/ieo yeinoae ethaeeie o
no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo oe?a?inueeeo aia??eao // Oe?a?inueea iiaa: c
ieioeiai a iaeaooi?. – E., 1998. – N. 149-151.

7. Ae?aeaeoia eaeneea ye aeaea?aei aeine?aeaeaiiy iii?iaoe?? ethaeeie oa
?? ?en (ia iaoa??ae? aoeiaeinueeeo ? no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo aia??ie) //
Oe?a?inueea iiaa ia Aoeiaei?. – *a?i?aoe?: ?ooa, 1994. – N. 26-28.

8. I ycueiaii noaoona e naiaioe/aneeo oa?aeoa?enoeeao iaeioi?uo eaenai a
?onneeo e oe?aeineeo aiai?ao Eoaaiueiu // Aeaa e?uea aeooiaiinoe:
Iaoa?eaeu iao/iie eiioa?aioeee, iinayu?iiie oai?/aneiio ianeaaeeth
A.E.Aeaey e A.Ae.A?ei/aiei. – Eoaaine, 1993. – N. 100-103 (Ni?aaaoi?e:
A?ae A., A?eoeaiei ?., Aaea?aaa E.).

9. ?in?enueei-oe?a?inuee? iiai? ia?aeae? a aia??eao Eoaaiueie //
Cae?eniaiiy eai?inueei? iaoe?iiaeueii? iie?oeee ia Aeiiaan?: Oace
aeiiia?aeae ? iia?aeiieaiue ?anioae?eainueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??
(Aeiiaoeuee, 21-24 ethoiai 1990 ?.). – Aeiiaoeuee, 1990. – N. 86-87.

10. Eaene/i? oa a?aiaoe/i? neiii?ie a no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo aia??eao
(ia iaoa??ae? eaeneee ia iicia/aiiy ethaeeie oa ?? ?en) // I?iaeaie
oe?a?inueei? ae?aeaeoieia?? ia no/aniiio aoai?: Oace aeiiia?aeae ?
iia?aeiieaiue – AEeoiie?, 1990. – N. 167-168.

11. Eaeneea ia iicia/aiiy ethaeeie oa ?? ?en o “Neiaa?? oe?a?inueei?
iiae” A.Ae.A??i/aiea (o ii??aiyii? c ae?aeaeoiith eaeneeith No?aeii?
Neiaiaeaiueie) // I?iaeaie oai?/i? niaaeueie A.A??i/aiea: Oace
aeiiia?aeae ?anioae?eainueei? iaoeiai? eiioa?aioe??, i?enay/aii?
130-??//th c aeiy ia?iaeaeaiiy A.Ae.A??i/aiea. – Eoaainuee, 1993. – N.
44-45.

E?niiaa A.A. Iii?iaoe?y ethaeeie oa ?? ?en o no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo
oe?a?inueeeo aia??eao. – ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.01 – oe?a?inueea iiaa. – Caii??cueeee
aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao, Caii??aeaey, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?? ?ic?iaeaii iiaeaeue iieno oaiaoe/ii? a?oie eaeneee, o
neeaae? yei? iayaia cia/ia e?euee?noue eiiioiaaieo aeaiaio?a. Cae?eniaii
iiiian?ieia?/iee oa a?aaeia?/iee aiae?c eaeneee no?aeiineiaiaeainueeeo
aia??ie ia iicia/aiiy ethaeeie oa ?? ?en. Anoaiiaeaii
eaeneei-naiaioe/-i? ca’ycee a iaaeao aeine?aeaeoaaii? oaiaoe/ii? a?oie,
yea noaiiaeoue neeaae-io ia?aaeeaio, ui ia’?aeio? ?yae i?e?iia?aaeeai,
ae/eaiiaaieo ia i?aenoaa? ?aae?caoe?? ie?aieo iiiyoue, ?o
aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ca iaaieie iciaeaie.

?ice?eoi iniaeeaino? iii?iaoeaieo i?ioean?a o iaaeao aiae?ciaaii?
oaiaoe/ii? a?oie, cacia/aii, ui aeey a?eueoino? eaenai ia iicia/aiiy
ethaeeie oa ?? ?en oa?aeoa?ia yne?aaa aeni?aneai?noue, a?eueoa ae?aaeaia
i?e iaei?aoeai?e ioe?ioe? e iaioa – i?e iae?i?aoeai?e.

Aecia/aii i?ia?aei? niiniae e caniae iii?iaoe??. ?icaeyiooi iniaeeaino?
ooieoe?iioaaiiy aeoaeaoieo ooai?aiue na?aae ?ai?acaioai?a ie?aieo nai.
Aeine?aeaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueia ni?aa?aeiioaiiy iaeiine?aii? e
aaaaoine?aii?, ia?aeiii? ? aoi?eiii? iii?iaoe?? ethaeeie oa ?? ?en.

Iiaeaii e?iaaiaaia?ao?/io oa?aeoa?enoeeo aiae?ciaaii? eaeneee.
A?aecia/aii, ui no?aeiineiaiaeainueeei aia??eai ia aeanoeaa ??cei
ae?aaeaia i?ioenoaaeaiiy ae?aeaeoieo cii, oi/a nai? ciie
ie?aneththoueny; a?eueo?noue i?aeaia??eiaeo a?aei?iiinoae iia’ycaia c
iaiaeiaeiaei ?aia?ooa?ii eaenai ie?aieo nai o ??cieo i?e?ia?aaeao
?aa?iio, ??ciith ooieoe?iiaeueiith aeoeai?noth ?ai?acaioaio?a naie. O
?iaio? aecia/aii oeie a?aaeueii? iiaaae?iee ?ai?acaioaio?a nai.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: eaeneei-naiaioe/ia a?oia, iii?iaoeaia iaeeieoey,
eiiioiaaia eaeneea, i?e?ia?aae, oeiieia?y a?aae?a, e?iaaiaaia?ao?y.

Eaniiaa A.A. Iiieiaoeey /aeiaaea e aai /a?o a ainoi/iineiaiaeaineeo
oe?aeineeo aiai?ao. – ?oeiienue.

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.01 – oe?aeineee ycue, Caii?iaeneee
ainoaea?noaaiiue oieaa?neoao, Caii?iaeuea, 1999.

A aeenna?oaoeee ?ac?aaioaia iiaeaeue iienaiey oaiaoe/aneie a?oiiu
eaeneee, a ninoaaa eioi?ie i?enoonoaoao cia/eoaeueiay /anoue
eiiiioe-?iaaiiuo aaeeieoe. Inouanoae?i iiieiaoeaii-iiiianeieiae/aneee e
a?aaeiae/aneee aiaeec eaeneee, iaicia/athuae /a?ou /aeiaaea a
ainoi/iineiaiaeaineeo aiai?ao. Onoaiiaeaiu eaeneei-naiaioe/aneea nayce a
i?aaeaeao enneaaeoaiie oaiaoe/aneie a?oiiu, eioi?ay yaeyaony neiaeiie
ia?aaeeaiie, iauaaeeiythuae ?yae iee?iia?aaeeai, au/eaiyaiuo ia iniiaa
?aaeecaoeee ioaeaeueiuo iiiyoee, eo aeeooa?aioeeaoeee ii ii?aaeae?iiui
i?eciaeai.

?ane?uou iaeioi?ua iniaaiiinoe iiieiaoeaiuo i?ioeannia aeey
aiaeece?oaiie a?oiiu eaeneee, a /anoiinoe, oeacaii, /oi aeey
aieueoeinoaa aeeaeaeoiuo neia, oiio?aaeyaiuo aeey iiieiaoeee /aeiaaea,
oa?aeoa?ia y?eay yeni?anneaiinoue, aieaa au?aaeaiiay i?e iaei?aoeaiie
ioeaiea iauaeoa iiieiaoeee e a iaiueoae noaiaie – i?e iaeei?aoeaiie.

Ii?aaeaeaiu aaaeouea niiniau e n?aaenoaa iiieiaoeee, ?anniio?aiu
iniaaiiinoe ooieoeeiie?iaaiey n?aaee ?ai?acaioaioia ioaeaeueiuo nai
iiiai/eneaiiuo aeoaeaoiuo ia?aciaaiee: nouanoaeoaeueiuo ni
neiaiia-?aciaaoaeueiuie aooeenaie, eiiiiceoia, ao?eaooeaiuo
neiaini/aoaiee, noanoaioeae?iaaiiuo i?eeaaaoaeueiuo, onoie/eauo
n?aaiaiee, iiena-oaeueiuo oi?i ?acee/iuo no?oeoo?iuo oeiia. Enneaaeiaaii
ooieoeei-iaeueiia niioiioaiea iaeiieaenaiiie e iiiaieaenaiiie (n
iiiiuueth neiaini/aoaiee, i?aaeeiaeaiee, iee?ioaenoia), ia?ae/iie e
aoi?e/iie iiieiaoeee /aeiaaea e aai /a?o.

Enneaaeiaaia aaia?aoe/aneay oa?aeoa?enoeea aiaeece?oaiie eaeneee.
Ioia/aii, /oi ainoi/iineiaiaeaineei aiai?ai ia naienoaaiii ?acei
au?aaeaiiia i?ioeaiiinoaaeaiea aeeaeaeoiuo cii, oioy /?oei
i?ineaaeeaaaony oaiaeaioeey e auaeaeaieth ioaeaeueiuo iee?icii; iniiaiia
eiee/anoai a?aaeueiuo ioee/ee naycaii n iaiaeeiaeiaui ?aia?ooa?ii eaenai
ioaeaeueiuo nai a ?aciuo iee?ia?aaeao ?aaeiia, ?aciie ooieoeeiiaeueiie
aeoeaiinoueth ?ai?acaioaioia naiu, iaee/eai eaene/aneeo ia?aeeaeeciia,
aeoaeaoia, neiiieiia a i?aaeaeao aiai?ia eae ioaeaeueiuo aeeaeaeoiuo
nenoai. N iiiiuueth i?aaenoaaeaiiiai a ?aaioa eeiaaenoe/aneiai aoeana
ii?aaeaeaiu iniiaiua oeiu a?aaeueiiai iiaaaeaiey ?ai?acaioaioia nai:
ieieiaeueiay aeeooa?aioeeaoeey enneaaeiaaiiiai a?aaea, iaoneiaeaiiay
iaaieueoei eiee/anoaii ?ai?acaioaioia naiu eee eo iiaaaeaieai a ycueiaii
i?inoi?a; iaee/ea a?aaeueiie iicaeee aac auaeaeaiey /?oeeo cii eee a?oii
aiai?ia, iaee/ea eioi?ie naycaii i?aaeaea anaai n aeoaeaoiui
?aciiia?aceai i?aaenoaaeaiiiai iaoa?eaea; ia?aciaaiea iee?ia?aaeia,
eioi?ua a ycueiaii ieaia ia yaeythony eciee?iaaiiuie no?oeoo?aie.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: eaeneei-naiaioe/aneay a?oiia, iiieiaoeaiay aaeeieoea,
eiiiioe?iaaiiay eaeneea, oeiieiaey a?aaeia, iee?ia?aae, eeiaaiaaia?aoey.

Lesnova V.V. Nomination of human being and his features in the patoises
of the East Ukrainian regions. – Manuscript.

Thesis for seeking the scientific degree of the bachelor of pilological
sciences of speciality 10.02.01– the Ukrainian language.

In the present dissertation the description model of the thematic group
of vocabulary, the structure of whic in greater degree is represented by
the connotation elements has been worked out. The onomastical and areal
vocabulary analysis used for the description of man and his
characteristics in the eastslobozhansky dialects has been made.
Lexico-semantical relations were established within the investigated
thematic group, whic represents a complex paradigm, uniting a member of
microparadigms distingnished on the basis of separate differential
signs.

Proceeding from the main principles of linguistic theory of nomination,
some peculiarities of nomination processes for the analysed group of the
vocabulary have been discovered, specifically, it has been mentioned
that for the greater part of dialectal words, used for the nomination of
man bright expressiveness is typical, more evident in the pejorative
valuation and to a lesser degree – in meliorative one.

The main methods and means of nomination are defined. The peculiarities
of functioning of dublicate formations among the representatives of
separate semes are investigated. The functional correlation between
one-word and poliword, primary and secondary nomination of man and
traits of his character are investigated.

The geographical characteristics of the analysed vocabulary is
presented. It is stated that eastslobozhansky dialects are characterised
by the lack of distinctly expressed opposition of dialectal zones; the
main number of differences is connected with varions repertoire of
lexemes of separate semes in different microareals of the region, and
with the functional activity of seme’s representatives, with the help of
the linguistic atlas suggested in the thesis, the main types of areal
behaviour of seme’s representatives are defined.

Key words: lexico-semantical group, unit of nomination, microareal.

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