2

I?I?NOA?NOAI IOI?IIE CAeI?IA’ss OE?A?IE

EE?ANUeEA IAAeE*IA AEAAeAI?ss I?NEssAeEIEIIII? INA?OE

?I. I. E. OOIEEA

I?/eo? Iaoae?y Ieaenaiae??aia

OAeE 616.831-009.11-71:616-053.2/.5.

Iaa?ieia?/i? aniaeoe ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? o?ainieaioaoe??

aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai? oeaieie o oai?eo ?c nianoe/ieie

oi?iaie aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/a.

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 14.01.15 – Ia?aia? oai?iae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe

Ee?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a ?inoeooo? iae?io??o?a?? ?i.aeaae.A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa AII
Oe?a?ie

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, , /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio
Aeaaeai?? iaaee/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? Oeeiaaethe A?oae?e ?aaiiae/,
?inoeooo? iae?io??o?a?? ?i.aeaae.A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie, caa?aeoaa/
ee?i?ee a?aeiiaethaaeueii? iae?io??o?a??, canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ii
iaoeia?e ?iaio?

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: — aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio
Aeaaeai?? iaaee/ieo iaoe Oe?a?ie, i?ioani? Ia/a?ao ?aaai?y
Eaii?ae?aia, Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i.
I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a iaa?ieiai? oa ?aoeaenioa?ai??,
caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

— aeieoi? iaaee/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? ?aoooaiei Noai?neaa Einoyioeiiae/,
Aeiiaoeueeee iaaee/iee oi?aa?neoao ?i. I.Ai?ueeiai IIC Oe?a?ie, eaoaae?a
aeeoy/i? oa caaaeueii? iaa?ieia?? c eo?nii ?aoeaenioa?ai?? oaeoeueoaoo
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Oe?a?inueeee iaoeiai-aeine?aeiee ?inoeooo ee?i?/ii?
oa aenia?eiaioaeueii? iaa?ieia?? oa ineo?ao??? IIC Oe?a?ie, a?aeae?e
ooieoe?iiaeueii? ae?aaiinoeee ? eiii’thoa?ii? oiiia?ao???, i. Oa?e?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 17 ” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 11-00 aiaeei? ia
can?aeaii? niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.613.01 i?e Ee?anuee?e
iaaee/i?e aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie
ca aae?anith: 254112, Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9, aoae. ?3.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii?
aeaaeai?? i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E. Ooieea IIC Oe?a?ie ca
aae?anith: 254112, Ee?a, aoe. Aei?iaiaeeoeueea, 9.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “ 13 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa? niaoe?ae?ciaaii?

a/aii? ?aaee, aeioeaio
?iiaiaiei I.?.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. Ca?aeii aeaieo iaaee/ii? noaoenoeee iioe?ai?noue
aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/o (AeOeI) ye ca ei?aeiiii, oae ? ia
Oe?a?i?, neeaaea? 22 — 25 aeiaaee?a ia 10000 aeeoy/iai ianaeaiiy (Aieaea
I.A., Ia?oeithe A.TH., 1994; Patel J., 1997; Thompson C.M.,1997). C
127000 ae?oae-?iaae?ae?a, ca?a?no?iaaieo ia Oe?a?i?, 27000 — ae?oe c
aeeoy/ei oea?aa?aeueiei ia?ae?/ai. Iiiaae 70% oai?eo ia AeOeI ?
?iaae?aeaie aaaeeiai nooiaith, ui iio?aao? cia/ieo eioo?a ia ?o iain?eia
caaacia/aiiy.

Iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy oe??? iaoieia??, ye? canoiniaothoueny ia
nueiaiaei?oi?e aeaiue, iathoue ?yae iaiaaeaiue aeey naiai aeei?enoaiiy,
aai oa?aeoa?ecothoueny ei?ioei/aniei e?eoaaeueiei aoaeoii, iniaeeai a
i?ci?e ?aceaeoaeuei?e noaae?? (Penn R.D., 1990; ?aoooaiei N.E., 1994).

A ?inoeooo? iae?io??o?a?? ?i.aeaae.A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie
?ic?iaeaii oa ai?iaaaeaeaii a ee?i?/io i?aeoeeo iaoiaaiaoe/ii
iaa?oioiaaiee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy AeOeI — o?ainieaioaoe?th aia??iiaeueii?
ia?aiai? oeaieie (?iiiaeaiia A.I., 1989; Cicoey TH.A., 1990., Oeeiaaethe
A.E., 1989 — 1999). Iaeiae, aeai? e?oa?aoo?e i?i aoaeoeai?noue iaoiaeo
i?ioe??/i?. Oea, ia?o ca ana, iia’ycaii c i?iaeaiith noa’?eoeaii?
ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? ??cieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy AeOeI, a oiio /ene? ?
iae?io?ainieaioaoe??, a?aenooi?noth /?oei noaiaea?oeciaaieo e?eoa???a
ioe?iee iaa?ieia?/iiai noaoono oai?eo ia oea?aa?aeueiee ia?ae?/. Oiio
aeieeea iaiao?aei?noue a i?iaaaeaii? aenia?oii? ioe?iee ?acoeueoao?a
o?ainieaioaoe?? aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai? oeaieie (OAIO) o oai?eo ia AeOeI
c iiceoe?? aeeoy/i? iaa?ieia??, yea /ano?oa aeei?enoiao? ia?iaaceai?
iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy. Iio??aii ?ic?iaeoe ?aeeio iaoiaeieia?th, yea
aeicaieeoue c iaeneiaeueiith ia’?eoeai?noth ioe?ieoe ia ??cieo
ooieoe?iiaeueieo ??aiyo an? iiaeeea? aoaeoe, ye? aeieeathoue i?ae
aieeaii aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai? oeaieie (AIO) o oai?eo c AeOeI.
Noai?aiiy iaaee/ii? aace aeaieo oai?eo ia AeOeI ? aaoiiaoeciaaii?
nenoaie oi?aae?iiy iath aeicaieeoue ia o?eueee nenoaiaoecoaaoe ee?i?/iee
iaoa??ae ? i?iaanoe noaoenoe/iee aiae?c, aea e ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue
iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? ? c?iaeoe i?iaiic aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy. E??i
oiai, ?aeeia iaoiaeieia?y, yea eaaeeoue a iniia? noai?aii?
aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie oi?aae?iiy aaieii aeaieo oai?eo ia AeOeI,
aeicaieeoue aeei?enoiaoaaoe ?? i?e aiae?c? aoaeoeaiino? ?ioeo iaoiae?a
e?eoaaiiy oe??? iaoieia??.

Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeaiiy aeine?aeaeaiue a caieaiiaaiiio ianyc? caeaoia
caaacia/eoe ?ica’ycaiiy i?iaeaie ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo
ia AeOeI ca aeiiiiiaith OAIO, aecia/eoe e?eoa??? i?iaiico aoaeoeaiino?
e?eoaaiiy ? oei naiei ni?eyoe i?aeaeuaiith eiai yeino?.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeena?oaoe?y
aeeiiaia ca?aeii c ieaiii iaoeiai-aeine?aeii? ?iaioe ?inoeoooo
iae?io??o?a?? ?i. aeaae. A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie: “?ic?iaeoe
ooiaeaiaioaeuei? oa i?eeeaaei? aniaeoe o?ainieaioaoe?? aia??iiaeueii?
ia?aiai? oeaieie a iae?io??o?a??” –1995-1997??. Aea?ae?a?no?aoe?y N
01.95 O 010355.

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy. Iaoith aeine?aeaeaiiy ? ?ic?iaea
ia’?eoeaieo e?eoa???a ioe?iee iaa?ieia?/iiai noaoono oa aea/aiiy
aoaeoeaiino? iia?aoe?? iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? o oai?eo c nianoe/ieie
oi?iaie aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/a.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy oe??? iaoe ae??ooaaee oae? caaea/?:

— noai?eoe iaaee/iee aaie aeaieo ? aaoiiaoeciaaio nenoaio
oi?aae?iiy iei aeey ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy oai?eo ia AeOeI;

— aeine?aeeoe ee?i?ei-iaa?ieia?/i?, aeaye? aeaeo?io?c?ieia?/i? oa
a?iiaoai?/i? iieacieee ?ooiaiai aia?aoo o oai?eo ?c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie
AeOeI oa aea/eoe ?o ci?ie i?ae aieeaii iae?io?ainieaioaoe??;

— ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue o?ainieaioaoe?? aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai?
oeaieie i?e nianoe/ieo oi?iao AeOeI ca aeiiiiiaith cai?iiiiiaaieo
iaoiae?a;

— ?ic?iaeoe ca aeiiiiiaith noai?aii? aaoiiaoeciaaii? nenoaie
oi?aae?iiy aaieii aeaieo oai?eo ia AeOeI ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa???
i?iaiico aoaeoeaiino? o?ainieaioaoe?? aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai?
oeaieie o oai?eo ?c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie AeOeI. Iaoeiaa
iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. Aia?oa noai?aii iaaee/iee aaie
aeaieo oai?eo ia AeOeI.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaia oa ai?iaaaeaeaia “Nenoaia oi?aae?iiy aaieii aeaieo
oai?eo ia AeOeI”, yea aeicaiey? ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe ci?ie noaio oai?eo
ia AeOeI i?ae aieeaii iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? oa ?ioeo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy.

Aeyaeaii ciaioaiiy ?aoeaeoi?ii? aeoeaiino? i’yc?a oa iie?auaiiy
a?iiaoai?/ieo iieaciee?a o oai?eo ?c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie AeOeI i?ney
OAIO.

Aeiaaaeaia aoaeoeai?noue iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? o oai?eo ?c nianoe/ieie
oi?iaie AeOeI.

Aia?oa ?ic?iaeaii ae?aaiinoe/i? e?eoa???, ye? aeicaieythoue i?iaiicoaaoe
aoaeoeai?noue e?eoaaiiy iaoiaeii OAIO.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a. ?ic?iaeaiee aeai?eoi
i?iaiico aoaeoeaiino? iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? i?e AeOeI aeicaiey? aecia/eoe
iieace oa i?ioeiieace aeey i?iaaaeaiiy iae?io?ainieaioaoe??.

Cai?iiiiiaaia ea?oa ee?i?ei-?ino?oiaioaeueiiai ianoaaeaiiy oai?iai
aeicaieeea noai?eoe aaie ee?i?/ieo aeaieo aeey oai?eo ia AeOeI, yeee
ia?aoiao? iiiaae 350 niinoa?aaeaiue. Oaeee i?aeo?ae aea? iiaeeea?noue
noai?aiiy aaie?a ee?i?/ieo aeaieo oai?eo ia AeOeI a iaa?ieia?/ieo
a?aeae?eaiiyo ? ?aaa?e?oaoe?eieo oeaio?ao. Cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeieia?y
aeicaiey? i?iaanoe noaoenoe/iee oa iaoeiaee aiae?c aoaeoeaiino?
aeei?enoaieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy o oe??? eaoaai??? oai?eo.

Ioi?ieaii ?ioi?iaoe?eiee eeno a IIC Oe?a?ie “Iaoiae ea/aiey aieueiuo
AeOeI”.

?ic?iaeaia aaoi?ii “Nenoaia oi?aae?iiy aaieii aeaieo oai?eo ia AeOeI”,
ai?iaaaeaeaia a i?aeoeeo a?aeae?eo a?aeiiaethaaeueii? iae?io??o?a??
?inoeoooo iae?io??o?a?? ?i.aeaae.A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie i?e
iia-?aoeaieo ao?o/aiiyo o oai?eo ia AeOeI, ?oai?/ieo o?aaeaiiyo iiceo,
aeei?enoiao?oueny a iaaeaaia?/iiio i?ioean? ia eaoaae?? iae?io??o?a??
Ia-oe?iiaeueii? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai?? ?i.aeaae.I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, eaoaae??
iae?io??o?a?? ? eaoaae?? iaa?ieia?? N2 Ee?anueei? iaaee/ii? aeaaeai??
i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea, ui i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny aeoaie
ai?iaaaeaeaiiy.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa ? naiino?eiei
iaoeiaei aeine?aeaeaiiyi aaoi?a. Aeena?oaio ia i?ioyc? aeaio ?ie?a
naiino?eii ianoaaeeea 200 oai?eo c ??cieie oi?iaie AeOeI, yeei
i?iaaaeaii OAIO, aei iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy oa a aeeiai?oe?
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. A?aea o/anoue a aeaeo?ii?ia?ao?/iiio
ianoaaeaii? oai?eo, aiae?coaaea io?eiai? ?acoeueoaoe. Aeey ioe?iee
aoaeoeaiino? iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? caeiaoaa/, i?ae ea??aieoeoaii
/eaia-ei?aniiiaeaioa AII Oe?a?ie A.?.Oeeiaaethea, ?ic?iaeea
oi?iae?ciaaio ?noi??th oai?iae oa a?aaeaoe?? iieaciee?a ee?i?/iiai
ianoa-aeaiiy aeey noai?aiiy aace aeaieo oa ?o iiaeaeueoiai noaoenoe/iiai
aiae?co. Aaoi?ii i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ae?aaiinoe/ii? oe?iiino? iieaciee?a
iaa?ieia?/iiai noaoono, anoaiiaeaii oaeoi?e, ye? iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue
ia ?acoeueoao iae?io?ainieaioaoe??. Aeena?oaio ca aeiiiiiaith
iaoaiaoe/ieo i?ia?ai ia?iaee ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieea aoaeoeai?noue iaoiaeo
OAIO o oai?eo c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie AeOeI, noi?ioethaaea iieiaeaiiy oa
aeniiaee aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe.

Aeaeo?ii?ia?ao?/i? ianoaaeaiiy oa aiae?c io?eiaieo ?acoeueoao?a
i?iaiaeeany ni?eueii c noa?oei iaoeiaei ni?a?ia?oieeii ?inoeoooo
o?c?ieia?? IAI ?i.aeaae. I.I.Aiaiiieueoey, e.a.i. ?. I. ssoieoeath.

I?ia?aiiee eiiieaen aeey noai?aiiy aace aeaieo i?iiia?iaaieo oai?eo aoa
?ic?iaeaiee aeena?oaioii noi?nii c ?iaeaia?aie-i?ia?ai?noaie ?inoeoooo
iae?io??o?a?? ?i.aeaae.A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie I.A.Aoaeianueeith oa
E.O.Neiyanueeith.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. ?acoeueoaoe aeine?aeaeaiue
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia tha?eaei?e eiioa?aioe?? ‘‘Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy
e?eoaaiiy caoai-?thaaiue iii?ii-?ooiaiai aia?aoo, oeaio?aeueii? oa
ia?eoa?e/ii? ia?aiai? nenoaie, ?ani??aoi?ieo aea?aic?a o ae?oae’’
(?aiaoi??y, 1995); VI Eiia?an? Na?oiai? Oaaea?aoe?? oe?a?inueeeo
e?ea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa (Iaeana, 1996); Ia?o?e Ana?in?enuee?e eiioa?aioe??
ii o?aai? ia?aiai? nenoaie o ae?oae (N.-Iaoa?ao?a, 1997); ?? C’?cae?
iae?io??o?a?a ?in?enueei? Oaaea?aoe?? (Ieaei?e Iiaai?iae, 1998); ??
C’?cae? iae?io??o?a?a Oe?a?ie (Iaeana, 1998).

Aeena?oaoe?y ai?iaiaaia ia i?aeeaoaae?aeueiiio can?aeaii? 17 o?aaiy
1999?.

Ioae?eaoe??. Ia oaio aeena?oaoe?? iaae?oeiaaii 11 i?aoeue, c ieo 6
noaoae a iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao, 1 noaooy a ca??ieeo iaoeiaeo i?aoeue, 4
?iaioe a iaoa??aeao neiiic?oi?a, eiioa?aioe?e, c’?cae?a.

Ianya oa no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?eia ?iaioa neeaaea?oueny ?c
anooio, iaeyaeo e?oa?aoo?e, iieno iaoa??ae?a oa iaoiae?a aeine?aeaeaiiy,
?icae?eo aeanieo aeine?aeaeaiue, aiae?co oa ocaaaeueiaiiy ?acoeueoao?a
aeine?aeaeaiue, aeniiae?a, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e. Iaoa??ae ?ethno?iaaiee 7
oaaeeoeyie, 39 ?enoieaie. Iiaiee ianya aeena?oaoe?? noaiiaeoue 150
noi??iie, ?ethno?aoe?? oa oaaeeoe? caeiathoue 19 noi??iie. Nienie
aeei?enoaieo e?oa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae i?noeoue 138 iaeiaioaaiue, ui
aeeth/a? 71 ee?eeeoeath ? 67 eaoeiith.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

Iaoa??aee oa iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue. A iniiao ?iaioe iieeaaeai?
?acoeueoaoe ee?i?ei-iae?io?c?ieia?/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy 145 oai?eo ?c
nianoe/ieie oi?iaie AeOeI, a?eii a?ae 3 aei 15 ?ie?a., ye? e?eoaaeenue a
?inoeooo? iae?io??o?a?? ?i. aeaae. A.I.?iiiaeaiiaa AII Oe?a?ie c 1992 ?.
ii 1997 ?..

O an?o oai?eo ia aeiiia?aoe?eiiio aoai? eiina?aaoeaia e?eoaaiiy oa
o?aaeeoe?ei? ?aaa?e?oaoe?ei? iaoiaee aoee iaei aoaeoeaieie. I?ciy
?aceaeoaeueia noaae?y oai?iae ae?aaiinoiaaia ca iayai?noth inoaoi/ii
noi?iiaaiiai ?ooiaiai aeaoaeoo.

Ca?aeii c eeaneo?eaoe??th aeeoy/eo oea?aa?aeueieo ia?ae?/?a
E.I.Aaaeaeyia, an? oai?? ?c nianoe/iith oi?iith AeOeI aoee ?iciiae?eai?
ia oae? a?oie: iiaea?eia aai?ieaa?y aai nianoe/iee oao?aia?ac (91
aeeoeia), nianoe/ia aeeieaa?y (32 oai?eo) oa aai?ia?aoe/ia oi?ia (22
ae?oae). An? oai?? aoee iiae?eai? ia aea? a?eia? a?oie: a?ae 3 aei 7
?ie?a — 85 oai?eo (59%), a?ae 7 aei 15 ?ie?a — 60 ae?oae (41%).

Aiae?c ao?ieia?/ieo oaeoi??a iieacaa, ui iciaee aioo??oiueioo?iaii?
a?iien?? oa ano?en?? i?ae /an iieia?a iaee i?noea o 86% aeiaaee?a,
iieiaiaa /a?aiii-iiceiaa o?aaia — o 73% oai?eo. 10 ae?oae ia?iaeeeiny c
aaaith o?ea iaioith ca 1500a. Noai ee?i?/ii? nia?o? i?e ia?iaeaeaii?
niinoa??aaany o 11% oai?eo.

An?i oai?ei aoea i?iaaaeaia o?ainieaioaoe?y aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai?
oeaieie a i?aoeaio?aeueio caeaeio e?ai? oa i?aai? i?aeoeue aieiaiiai
iiceo.

Ee?i?/ia ianoaaeaiiy aeeth/aei eeane/ia aeine?aeaeaiiy ia?aiai? nenoaie.
Iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?eyeanue noaio ?ooiai? noa?e aeeoeie, iaae/eai
noaoeee oa eieiiioe??, iic? oai?iai oa ?? ci?i? a caeaaeiino? a?ae
iieiaeaiiy o?ea, iiaeeeaino? oiaeeoe, iiacaoe, iayaiino? eiio?aeoo? oa
iaoieia?/ieo iic, iii?? i?e oiaeuea?, iniaeeaino? ia?aai?ioo c nieie ia
aeea?o. Iioi?eeo a ?oeao ioe?ithaaee ca aeiiiiiaith oanoa iiiceoe?? ?
iaeueoey, iiaeeeaino? a?aoe i?aaeiao, oo?eioaaoe eiai, ii
noi?iaoi?ii-i?iiaoi?i?e iiceoe?? a ea?ii-?aae?aeueiiio noaeia?. Ie??i
?ooiai? noa?e ioe?ithaaee nioe?aeueii-iiaooia? iaae/ee oai?eo:
iiaeeea?noue naiiianeoaiaoaaiiy i?e i?eeiaii? ?ae?, iaae/-ee ioaeiino?.
I?iaiaeeee aea/aiiy iieaciee?a ?ioaeaeooaeueii? noa?e: ni?eeiyooy,
iai’youe, e?eoeea, ieneaiiy, ?iioe?eii-aieueiaa noa?a. Aea/aany nooi?iue
iiaiiai ?icaeoeo: iayai?noue o?aciai? iiae oa iiae neeaaeaie, ianya
ianeaiiai oa aeoeaiiai neiaieeiaiai caiano, ??ciiaeaee aeae?? oa
aeeca?o???. Aecia/aee iayai?noue noiooi?o neae?ii?a: ai?eaioe/iiai oa
a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai. Aiae?c ai?neiae?iio aeeth/aa oa?aeoa? ia?ieneci?a, ?o
/anoioo, iayai?noue noaoon?a oa ee?i?/ieo ?ai?n?e. A?ia?e?iaoe/iee
neiae?ii aiae?coaaee ca oa?aeoa?ii a?ia?e?iaco, eiai iioe?ai?noth oa
iino?ei?noth i?iyao.

Oaeei /eiii, iie?neiae?iiiee oa?aeoa? AeOeI aeiaaa? i?iaaaeaiiy aaeeeiai
ianyao aeine?aeaeaiue an?o nenoai i?aai?cio. C oe??th iaoith iaie
?ic?iaeaii oi?iae?ciaaio ?noi??th oai?iae (O?O). ?ioi?iaoe?y, eio?a
aiineoueny a O?O, neeaaea?oueny c ye?nieo oa e?euee?nieo iieaciee?a.
sse?ni? iieacieee o aeaeyae? /eneiaeo eiae?a oa?aeoa?ecothoue neiioiie ?
nooi?iue ?o i?iyao. E?euee?ni? iieacieee a?aeia?aaeathoue ?acoeueoaoe
aeiaeaoeiaeo iaoiae?a ianoaaeaiiy.

Aeai? i?i noai oai?eo aei iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? oa a aeeiai?oe?
i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo (6-8 i?nyoe?a, 1,5-2 ?iee) aiineee a
noai?aio aaco aeaieo .

I?ia?aiia caaacia/aiiy aeicaieyei aeeiiaoe noaoenoe/i? caaaeaiiy ca
ie?aieie iieacieeaie o aeaeyae? /anoioe oa a?aenioeo aeyaeaiiy
a?aaeaoe?e iieacieea. Aeey io?eiaiiy noaoenoe/ieo caaaeaiue aoei
aeei?enoaii oae caai? ‘‘o?eueo?e’’.

I?e ioe?ioe? a??ia?aeiino? ??cieoe? i?ae io?eiaieie /anoioaie
aeei?enoiaoaaee iaoiae ?iciiae?eo ??cieoe? a?aeiinieo /anoio (I?ioea?
I.I. oa ni?aaao., 1991) c ?ic?aooieii na?aaeiueieaaae?aoe/ii? iiieeee;
i?e ? < 0,05 ??cieoeth a?aeiinieo /anoio aaaaeaee ?noioiith. Ioe?ithaaee ?ioi?iaoeai?noue iieacieea ca ?yaeii a?aaeaoe?e iciaee (I?eia A.A., Oeeeiiia E.E., 1976). Aeey iiaoaeiae iiaeae? i?iaiico aoaeoeaiino? iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? aeei?enoaee iaoiae iine?aeiaiiai noaoenoe/iiai aiae?co (Aoaea? A.A., 1978) c ?ic?a-ooieii ae?aaiinoe/ieo eiao?oe??io?a oa ioe?ieith ?ioi?iaoeaiino? iciaee, ye noie ?ioi?iaoeaiinoae ae?aiacii?a iciaee. Aaaeeeaith iniaeea?noth ee?i?/ii? ea?oeie AeOeI ? ??ciee nooi?iue i?iya?a iaa?ieia?/ieo neiioii?a a iaaeao iaei??? eeaneo?eaoe?eii? iaeeieoe?. A ca’yceo c oeei ioe?iea noaio oai?eo c oe??th iaoieia??th aeiaaa? ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai i?aeoiaeo. Aeey e?euee?nii? ioe?iee noaio oai?eo ia AeOeI aeei?enoaii iaoiae aecia/aiiy ?iaeaeno oyaeeino? (Iiaiaeaa ?.A., 1988). A eiaei?e a?oi? oai?eo aeae?eaii neiioiie ? nooiai? ?o i?iyao, ye? a iaea?eueo?e i??? iaoiiaethaaee aaaee?noue noaio oai?eo. Aecia/aiiy ?iaeaeno oyaeeino? (?O) cae?enithaaee aaoi-iaoeciaaii ca niaoe?aeueiith i?ia?aiith. I?e oeueiio, ?O 10 a?aeiia?aeaa eaa-eiio nooiaith caoai?thaaiiy, ?O=10-15 oa?aeoa?ecoaaa na?aaei?e nooi?iue ? i?e ?O 15 ae?aaiinoiaaii oyaeeee nooi?iue AeOeI. Aeei?enoaiiy ?O aeicaieeei ia’?eoeaii aeeoa?aioe?thaaoe iie?auaiiy, yea niinoa??aa?oueny a i?ioean? i?e?iaeiueiai a?aeiiaeaiiy, a?ae iiceoeaii? aeeiai?ee aiane?aeie i?iaaaeaiiai e?eoaaiiy. Ia iniia? ?O aecia/aii oaii ooieoe?iiaeueiiai a?aeiiaeaiiy aeey eiaeii? a?oie oai?eo. Ii??aiyiiy eiai a ianoaaeoaai?e a?oi? oai?eo c a?oiith eiio?ieth ? a ??cieo a?eiaeo a?oiao aeicaieeei c?iaeoe aaaeeea? aeniiaee i?i aoaeoeai?noue iae?io?ainieaioaoe??. A?oie oai?eo, o yeeo ?acoeueoaoe e?eoaaiiy aoee ioe?iai? ye ‘‘caaeia?euei?’’(?O a ?acoeueoao? e?eoaaiiy ciaiooaaany ia iaeio a?aaeaoe?th) ? ‘‘aeia??’’ (?O ciaiueooaaany ia aea? a?aaeaoe??), aoee aeei?enoai? aeey iiaoaeiae iaoaia-oe/ii? iiaeae?, yea aeicaieeea aeiaeoe aeai?eoi i?iaiico aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy iaoiaeii OAIO. Aeaeo?io?c?ieia?/i? aeine?aeaeaiiy noaaeee ia iao? aea/aiiy ?aoeaeoi?ii? aeoeaiino? (?A) a ia?? i’yc?a-aioaaii?no?a i?e aeueoa?ioth/iio ?icoyaoaaii? aai nei?i/aii?, aiane?aeie ianeaiiai caeiaiiy aai ?icaeiaiiy aeenoaeueieo a?aeae?e?a e?ioe?aie. Ia?aeaeueii aea/aee a?iiaoai?/i? iieacieee i?e ianeaieo ?ooao (aiie?ooaea, iaeneiaeueiee eoo oeaen?? oa aenoaic??). ?a?no?aoe?th iieaciee?a cae?enithaaee ii 4 eaiaeai i?ia?aoa MG 401. An? io?eiai? neaiaee aoei ao?eaii o oeeo?ia? eiaee ? i?ney i?aeneeaiiy caienaii a iaai?oio iai’youe eiii’thoa?a o aeaeyae? oaee?a. I?ney ia?iaee io?eiaii e?euee?ni? iieacieee, ye? a?aeia?aaeathoue ia?aiao?e ?A ? e?iaiaoeee ianeaieo ?oo?a. ?o aiae?c aeicaieea c?iaeoe aeniiaie i?i noai i’ycaaiai oiiono a e?ioe?aeao. Aiae?coaaee 20 ia?aiao??a e?iaiaoeee ianeaieo ?oo?a ? ?A a i’ycao-aioaaii?noao (7 ? 13 a?aeiia?aeii). Aeeiai?ea ee?i?/ieo iieaciee?a i?ae aieeaii iae?io?ainieaioaoe??. I?ney i?iaaaeaiiai iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy o ae?oae ?c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie AeOeI aeyaeaii cia/io iiceoeaio aeeiai?eo ye c aieo caaaeueiiai noaio (o a?eueoino? oai?eo ca?eueoeeanue ?ooiaa aeoeai?noue, ae?oe ii/aee iaae?aoe aaao, ii?iae?coaaany nii, aiaoeo), oae ? iniiaieo iieaciee?a iaa?ieia?/iiai noaoono. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui o 24% oai?eo iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea a iaa?ieia?/iiio noaoon? iaea i?noea o aeaeyae? ciaioaiiy aai cieeiaiiy i?iya?a inaaaeiaoeueaa?iiai ia?ae?/o aaea a ia?o? aei? i?ney iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy, ui iiaea aooe ?acoeueoaoii aieeao iae?io?io?/ieo ?a/iaei o?ainieaioaoo ia iicie ?aoe?i??io?a. Oe? ci?ie iineee no?eeee oa?aeoa?. A a?eueo a?aeaeaeaiee oa?i?i /ano o an?o a?oiao iaei i?noea ciaioaiiy nianoeee a ?oeao, ca?eueoaiiy ia’?io iiiceoe?? ia?oiai iaeueoey. O 18% oai?eo c aai?ia?aoe/iith oi?iith (AO) iioi?eea a ia?aoe/i?e ?ooe? iie?aueeanue i?aeoe/ii aei ii?ie. A a?oi? ?c nianoe/iith aeeieaa??th (NAe) cia/ia iie?auaiiy ?o/ii? iioi?eee a?aei?/aeinue o 47% ae?oae. O 43% oai?eo ?c nianoe/iei oao?aia?acii (NO) iaei i?noea ciaioaiiy neie?iac?e, iiyaeeanue iiaeeea?noue i?ei?oeaiiai caoaaoo ? ei?ioei/aniiai oo?eiaiiy ?a/ae. Iie?auaiiy iioi?eee a ?oeao oa ciaioaiiy inaaaeiaoeueaa?ieo i?iya?a aeicaieeee oai?ei ianeoaiaoaaoe naaa i?ae /an i?eeiio ?ae?. Oae, 43% ae?oae ?c NO ii/aee /anoeiai ianeoaiaoaaoe naaa i?ae /an ?ae? (?0,01). 39% oai?eo ?c NAe ii/aee naiino?eii i?eeiaoe ?aeo (? 0,01). ?ioaeaeooaeuei? ii?ooaiiy nooiaith ?iaaoeeeueiino? oa ?ae?io?? aeyaeai? iaie o 78% oai?eo ?c NO oa o 32% ae?oae ?c NAe. Iayai?noue oeeo ii?ooaiue cia/ii aieeaa? ia oi?ioaaiiy iaae/ie ioaeiino? oai?eo. I?ney iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? iaae/ee ioaeiino? /anoeiai noi?ioaaeenue o 35% ae?oae ?c NO (? 0,05) ? iiai?noth - o 60% oai?eo ?c NAe (?0,01). sse aeyaeeinue a ?acoeueoao? aiae?co iaaoaeoeaieo aeiaaee?a, a?ia?e?iaoe/iee neiae?ii aoa i?iaiinoe/ii iaaeaaii?e?iiei iieacieeii. Aea i?ae aieeaii OAIO o 15% oai?eo ?c NO oa o 6% ae?oae ?c NAe a?aei?/aeinue ciaioaiiy i?iya?a a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai neiae?iio, iniaeeai iacia/ii ae?aaeaieo aoaoicieo oa oi?aiaoaoicieo a?ia?e?iac?a. Ai?neiae?ii ? /eiieeii, yeee a cia/i?e i??? oneeaaeith? ia?aa?a aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/o. Aei iia?aoeaiiai ao?o/aiiy ai?eaioe/i? ia?ienecie iaee i?noea o 57 (39%) oai?eo (o 36 ae?oae ?c NO, o 10 oai?eo ?c NAe oa o 11 ae?oae ?c AO). I?ae aieeaii iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? ai?neiae?ii nooo?ai ci?iea nai? oa?aeoa?enoeee o 70% oai?eo (?0,05). Oae, ciaioeeanue e?euee?noue oai?eo c aaia?ae?ciaaieie oii?ei-eeii?/ieie ia?ieneciaie, niinoa??aaeanue ao?aoa iie?ii?oiiai oa?aeoa?o iaiaae?a, a?aei?/aeinue ciaioaiiy /anoioe ia?ieneci?a. I?e oeueiio, ei?aeoe?y i?ioenoaeiiii? oa?ai?? ia i?iaiaeeeanue. I?ney iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? a aeiaeiiio aeiaaeeo ia a?aei?/aii c?inoaiiy /anoioe iaiaae?a, aai iiyae ai?neiae?iio de novo. Ia aeyaeaii aieeao ai?eaioe/ieo ia?ieneci?a ia oaii oi?ioaaiiy noaoi-iioi?ieo ooieoe?e i?ney OAIO. Aea aiae?c ci?i a ?ioaeaeooaeuei?e noa?? oai?eo aeyaea oaiaeaioe?th aei cieaeaiiy oaii?a oi?ioaaiiy ineoiiiaiiai ?icaeoeo i?e iayaiino? ai?neiae?iio. C iaeiiai aieo oea iiaeia iiynieoe aeano?oeoeaiei aieeaii ia?ieneci?a ia iicie, c ae?oaiai - a?eueo aeeaieei nooiaiai ?icoiiai? a?aenoaeino? oai?eo i?e ii?aeiaii? AeOeI c ai?neiae?iiii. Ia oi?ioaaiiy noaoi-iioi?ieo iaae/ie nooo?ai aieeaaa nooi?iue iioe?aiiy ?ooiaeo ii?ooaiue oa i?iyao nianoe/iino?, iayai?noue eiio?aeoo?, a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai neiae?iio oa nooi?iue ?ioaeaeooaeueiiai aeaoaeoo. I?i?iaeueia caa?aaeaiiy aeueo ei?eiaeo ooieoe?e, aai ?o a?aeiiaeaiiy i?ae aieeaii e?eoaaiiy, aeicaieeee oaeei oai?ei noi?ioaaoe na?e naiino?eiee ?ooiaee noa?aioei ? aoee iniiaiith ia?aaeoiiaith iiaeaeueoiai oi?ioaaiiy aeia?eueii? eieiiioe?? a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae?. A ca’yceo c oeei, iaea??o? ia?aaeoiiae aeey oi?ioaaiiy noaoi-iioi?ieo iaae/ie aoee a a?oi? ae?oae ?c NO, na?aae yeeo o 82% oai?eo ae?aaiinoiaaii aaaeeee nooi?iue caoai?thaaiiy. Iacaaaeath/e ia oea, aeeiai?ea noaiiaeaiiy noaoi-iioi?ieo iaae/ie a oe?e a?oi? a?ae??ciyeanue a?ae ?ioeo iacia/ii. I?ae aieeaii iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? oaii oi?ioaaiiy eaa??eioiiai aei?yieyth/iai ?aoeaeno oa noaiiaeaiiy ooieoe?? eiio?ieth aieiae a a?oiao ?c NO ? NAe aoee iaeiaeiaeie, aea a?eueoee i?iya ?ooiaeo ii?ooaiue i?e NO coiiaea a?aenooi?noue oi?ioaaiiy oe??? ooieoe?? a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? a 12% ae?oae. Oea aoee oai?? noa?oi? a?eiai? a?oie. A a?oi? oai?eo ?c NAe o an?o iaoe??io?a noi?ioaaeanue ooieoe?y eiio?ieth aieiae. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? o oai?eo ?c NO aei?yieyth/? ?aoeaene, ye? oi?iothoueny a ia?oo /a?ao ? caaacia/othoue ii?iaeueia iieiaeaiiy aieiae o i?inoi?? ? ia?aai?ioe ?c nieie ia aeea?o, oi?ioaaeenue aeeiai?/i?oa, i?ae a?eueo i?ci? iinoo?aeuei? ?aaeoe??, ye? caaacia/othoue neae?iiy, noiyiiy, iiacaiiy oa oiaeueao. A ca’yceo c oeei, o oai?eo ?c NAe oa AO a?aei?/aeenue e?au? ?acoeueoaoe a iaieiae?ii? iaae/eaie noiyiiy oa oiaeueae. A oie aea /an, o oai?eo ?c NO iiceoeaiei aaaaeaany ?acoeueoao, eiee oai?ee i?a noiyoe i?e aeaia?/i?e i?aeo?eioe?, oo?eioaaa iinoaao i?e a?aenooiino? aenoaic?? ooeoaa ? c’yaeyeanue iii?a ia nooii?. A a?oi? ?c NAe iaae/eaie naiino?eiiai noiyiiy oa oiaeueae iaieiae?ei 44% ae?oae (?0,05). Cia/ia iie?auaiiy iaae/ie naiino?eii? oiaeueae ? aeoea?caoe?y aeia?eueieo ?oo?a a ia?aoe/ieo e?ioe?aeao niinoa??aaeenue o 45% oai?eo ?c AO. I?ney iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? iiacaiiy i?aeoe/ii ia noi?ioaaeinue o ae?oae ?c NO. 21% iaoe??io?a ?c NAe oa 35% ?c AO iaa/eeenue iiacaoe ia eie?iao. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui iaoe??ioe, ye? iaee ii/aoeia? i?iyae noaiiaeaiiy aei?yieyth/eo ?aoeaen?a aei iia?aoe??, a i?neyiia?aoe?eiiio ia??iae? cia/ii ?ioaineai?oa oaeineiiaethaaee nai? iaae/ee ? inaithaaee iia?. Iiceoeaiee aieea iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? ia ?aoeaeoi?io noa?o oai?eo i?iyaeany o aeaeyae? cieaeaiiy nooiaeeeeiaeo ? ia??inoaeueieo ?aoeaen?a oa a ciaioaii? i?iya?a iaoieia?/ieo ciae?a caeiaeueii? oa ?icaeiaeueii? a?oi i’yc?a, cieeiaiiy eeiion?a nooii?a. A ii?i? ?aaoeyoe?y ?ooiaeo ooieoe?e ethaeeie cae?enith?oueny a ?acoeueoao? iiaiaeaeaii? ae?yeueiino? oace/ii? oa oii?/ii? nenoai, ye? i?aaenoaaeai? ia ??cieo ??aiyo oeaio?aeueii? ia?aiai? nenoaie. Aaeaeaaoia aeeiiaiiy ?oo?a oa ?o caaa?oaiiy caaacia/o?oueny ?aoeei?ieiith aca?iiae??th oeeo nenoai. I?e AeOeI ?aoeei?iei?noue ooieoe?iioaaiiy oii?/ii? oa oace/ii? nenoai ii?ooo?oueny. Caoaeaeaiiy oace/ii? nenoaie noi?iaiaeaeo?oueny ia aaeueioaaiiyi, a, iaaiaee, caoaeaeaiiyi oii?/ii? nenoaie. Ca?aene - ??cea i?aeaeuaiiy i’ycaaiai oiiono i?e ni?ia? aeeiiaiiy aeia?eueieo ?oo?a. E??i oeueiai, i?e oe?e iaoieia?? aeyaey?oueny iaaeinoaoi?noue iaoai?ci?a, ye? aeieothoue aeieeiaiiy ?ioeo neie?iaoe/ieo ?oo?a, ui caaaaeathoue cae?eniaiith aieiaiiai ?ooiaiai aeoo. Aeoiaey/e ?c ci?i a iaa?ieia?/iiio noaoon? oai?eo ?c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie AeOeI, eia?/ii aoei a ia?aaeaa/eoe, ui aieea iae?io?ainieaioaoo ?aae?co?oueny /a?ac ii?iae?caoe?th aca?iiae?? i?ae oace/iith oa oii?/iith nenoaiaie iiceo, ui i?ecaiaeeoue aei ia?a?iciiae?eo i’ycaaiai oiiono oa eiai cieaeaiiy. Aea/aiiy aeaeo?ii?ia?ao?/ii? aeoeaiino? i’yc?a-aioaaii?no?a a ii?aeiaii? c aiae?cii a?iiaoai?/ieo iieaciee?a aeicaieeei aeyaeoe ii?ooaiiy ?aoeei?ieii? aca?iiae?? oeeo aeaio nenoai ? aea/eoe aieea OAIO ia ??ai? aoaeoi?iiai eaioethaeea ?ooiaiai aiae?caoi?a. I?e aeaeo?ii?ia?ao?/iiio aeine?aeaeaii? oai?eo ?c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/o aeyaeaii nooo?aa i?aeaeuaiiy ?aoeaeoi?ii? aeoeaiino? ye a aenoaici?i?e, oae ? a oeaeni?i?e a?oiao i’yc?a. Aiae?c ?acoeueoao?a ianoaaeaiiy, io?eiaieo ia aeiiia?aoe?eiiio aoai?, cana?ae/ea iie?ii?oio ea?oeio aeaeo?ii?ia?ao?/ieo iaoa?i?a. Aeyaeaii, ui ca?eueoaiiy ?eoi?/ii? aeoeaiino? a i’ycao-aioaaii?noao, yea iaei i?noea o an?o aeiaaeeao, oa?aeoa?ecoaaeinue neioacieie, aeueoa?ioth/eie, a ?iiae? ? oe?eith aaiith ci?oaieo oi?i aeaeo?ii?ia?ao?/ieo (AIA) iaoa?i?a. A?aei?/aeanue cia/ii a?eueoa ae?aaeaia, a ii??aiyii? c eiio?ieueiith a?oiith, aa??aaaeuei?noue na?aaei?o cia/aiue iiooaeiino? AIA. I?yia caeaaei?noue aaee/eie na?aaei?o cia/aiue AIA-iiooaeiino? aoea ae?aaeaia a iaio?e i??? aai acaaae? ia a?aei?/aeanue. A aeayeeo aeiaaeeao aiia aoea i?enooiy o?eueee a iaeiiio c ianoaaeoaaieo i’yc?a. Oaeei /eiii, ??ciiiai?oi?noue iaoieia?/ieo noai?a i?e nianoe/ieo oi?iao oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/o iaoiiaeth? oe?ieee ae?aiacii ee?i?/ieo i?iya?a oa aa??aaaeuei?noue ia?aiao??a e?iaiaoeee ianeaieo ?oo?a, ye? ?a?no?othoueny, ? AIA- aeoeaiino?. Oea iaeeaaea? nooo?a? iaiaaeaiiy ia noaoenoe/iee aiae?c an??? a?oie ianoaaeaieo ? ?iaeoue a?eueo aeioe?eueiei i?iaaaeaiiy ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai ii??aiyeueiiai aiae?co aoaeoeaiino? iae?io?ain-ieaioaoe??. Ia iaeiaeiaa o ??cieo oai?eo ni?aa?aeiioaiiy AIA aeoeaiino? a i’ycao-oeaeni?ao ? aenoaici?ao c iayai?noth e?aei?o aa??aio?a – aeoeaiino? o?eueee a iaei?e c i’ycaaeo a?oi, aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i ye?nii ??ci? i?iyae i’ycaaiai oiiono – aenoaici?iiai ? oeaeni?iiai. Oa?aeoa?ii, ui a oeeo e?aei?o noaiao i’ycaaiai oiiono, ia oe? iiooaeiiai ?aoeaeno ia ?icoyaoaaiiy aeoeaiiai i?aoeaio?o i’yco, o a?aeiia?aeue a i’yc?-aioaaii?no? iaea i?noea a?aenooi?noue, aai neioacia aeoeai?noue cia/ii iaioi? ?ioaineaiino?. Oaeei /eiii, niinoa??aa?oueny eiaeoeaaoe?y i’yc?a-aioaaii?no?a. I?e iaio ae?aaeaiiio ia?aaaaeaii? aeoeaiino? iaeiiai c i?aoeaio??a, aeoeai?noue a i’ycao-aioaaii?noao iaea ?aoeei?ieiee, aai ci?oaiee – eiaeoeaaoe?eii-?aoeei?ieiee oa?aeoa?. Ne?ae a?aei?oeoe, ui a?eueoino? oai?eo i?eoaiaiiei aoei ia?aaaaeaiiy oiiono a aenoaici?iiio i?aoeaio??. O aeiaaeeao cia/ii i?aeaeuaiiai i’ycaaiai oiiono ia AIA niinoa??aaeanue iino?eia oiiiaa aeoeai?noue, a oie aea /an, ?aoeaeoi?ia ?aaeoe?y ia noi?iii?e iiae?aciee aoea cieaeaiith. I?ney iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? AIA ea?oeia oa e?iaiaoeea ianeaieo ?oo?a aeaiiino?othoue i/aaeaeia cieaeaiiy i’ycaaiai oiiono, ui i?iyaey?oueny a ca?eueoaii? aiie?ooaee iaoaiia?aie ? cieaeaii? oiiiai? aeoeaiino? i’yc?a o 56% oai?eo (?0,05). O 24% oai?eo aiie?ooaea iaoaiia?aie i?ney OAIO i?aeoe/ii ia ci?ieeanue, a a 20% ianoaaeaieo niinoa??aaeinue ciaioaiiy ai-ie?ooaee iaoaiia?aie ia 5-17 a?aaeon?a. I?e oeueiio iaa i?noea ia?a?iciiae?e ?A a i’ycao-aioaaii?noao. A?aei?/aeinue cieaeaiiy na?aaeiuei? AIA-iiooaeiino? i’yc?a, iniaeeai a aenoaici?ieo a?oiao, ? aeyaeaii oaiaeaioe?th aei a?aeiia-eaiiy caeaaeiino? i?ae na?aaeiueith iiooaei?noth aeaeo?ii?ia?aie a oeeee? ? /anoioith ?eoi?/ieo ?oo?a. Neioaciee aiae?c AIA oa iaoaiia?aie iieacaa ii?iae?caoe?th ia?a?iciiae?eo ?A i’yc?a-aioaaii?no?a iniaeeai o aeiaaeeao, eiee aei iia?aoe?? a?aei?/aany eiaeoeaaoe?eiee oei aca?iiae?? i?ae i’ycaie-aioaaii?noaie. A aeoeaiiio i’ycaaiio i?aoeaio?? ?A ciaioo?oueny ? ia?inoa? a i’ycao-aioaaii?noao, i?e oeueiio ca?eueoo?oueny aiie?ooaea iaoaiia?aie ca ?aooiie oeeueii? aai nooiiaai? oeaen??, a caeaaeiino? a?ae oiai, yeee i?aoeaio? i’yc?a-aioaai-i?no?a aoa aeoeaiei. Oaeei /eiii, i?iaaaeai? ianoaaeaiiy aeicaieythoue eiinoaooaaoe, ui OAIO aieeaa? ia i’ycaaee oiion, aiie?ooaeo oa ia?aiao?e ianeaieo ?oo?a a noaeiaao ?c ci?iith ?A i?e oeueiio. Ci?ie, ye? aeyaeaii i?ney iia?aoe??, iiaeia o?aeooaaoe ye cieaeaiiy i’ycaaiai oiiono. Oea aeicaiey? aiai?eoe i?i iiceoeaiee aoaeo iae?io?ainieaioaoe??. Iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea caa??aaeanue ? o a?aeaeaeaiiio ia??iae? i?ney iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? (eaoaiiac niinoa?aaeaiue 1,5-2 ?iee). Aaaeeeaei ?acoeueoaoii ?iaioe ? ioe?iea aoaeoeaiino? e?eoaaiiy iaoiaeii iae?io?ainieaioaoe??. Aeei?enoaiiy ?iaeaeno oyaeeino? (?O) ? i?ia?ai iaoaiaoe/ii? ia?iaee aeicaieeee aeinoia??ii aecia/eoe, ui OAIO aoea aoaeoeaiith o 63% oai?eo c iiaea?eiith aai?ieaa??th. A a?oi? ?c NAe aoaeoeaiee ?acoeueoao iaa i?noea o 50% ae?oae . A a?oi? ?c AO – o 59% ianoaaeaieo. Oaeei /eiii, aeniea ee?i?/ia aoaeoeai?noue iaoiaeo OAIO o ae?oae ?c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/o, yeei aei oeueiai ia aeiiiiaaaee ?io? iaoiaee e?eoaaiiy, a?aeia?aaea? eiai iaoiaaiaoe/io ni?yiiaai?noue. Oi?ioaaiiy o oai?eo iiaeo ?ooiaeo iaae/ie ? ei?aeoe?y iaoieia?/iiai ?ooiaiai noa?aioeio, ye? iaoiiaeai? ciaioaiiyi nianoe/iino?, iiaea aooe ?acoeueoaoii ii?iae?coth/iai aieeao ia ooieoe?iiaeueio aeoeai?noue noi?ani?iaeueieo no?oeoo?, ye? i?eeiathoue o/anoue a ?aaoeyoe?? iiciiai oiiono ? aeia?eueieo ?oo?a. Aaaeeeaei ?acoeueoaoii ?iaioe ? iiaeeea?noue i?iaiico aoaeoeaiino? OAIO. Noai?aia “Nenoaia oi?aae?iiy aaieii aeaieo oai?eo ia AeOeI” ? i?ia?aia ia?iaee aeicaieeee ?ic?iaeoe iaoaiaoe/io iiaeaeue, iniiaith yei? noaee oai?? c aoaeoeaiei ?acoeueoaoii e?eoaaiiy. Aoei aeae?eaii iieacieee, ye? aeinoia??ii ci?iththoueny i?ae aieeaii e?eoaaiiy ? ?ic?aoiaaii ?ioi?ia-oeai?noue eiaeiiai c ieo. Ia iniia? ?ioi?iaoeaiino? iieacieea ?ic?aooaaee ae?aaiinoe/iee eiao?oe??io (AeE). Noia AeE aeicaieeea aecia/eoe o? a?aaeaoe??, a iaaeao yeeo ne?ae i/?eoaaoe aoaeoeaiee /e iaaoaeoeaiee ?acoeueoao e?eoaaiiy. sseui noia AeE noaiiaeoue a?ae -10 aei 20 - o 80-90% oai?eo iae?io?ainieaioaoe?y aoaea aoaeoeaiith, i?e noi? AeE -10 ? iaioa - ia aoaeoeaiith. Aeei?enoaiee iaoaiaoe/iee i?aeo?ae aeicaieea i?iaanoe ee?i?/iee aiae?c aeiaaee?a, a yeeo OAIO aoea iaaoaeoeaiith. Aei oaeeo oaeoi??a iiaeia a?aeianoe: a?e, noa?oee 7 ?ie?a, ai?neiae?ii c /anoeie uiaeaiieie ia?ieneciaie, ?icoiiao a?aenoae?noue oyaeeiai nooiaith, a?oao cao?eieo ?icaeoeo noaoi-iioi?ieo iaae/ie. Oaeei /eiii, ?iaioa c aacith aeaieo aeicaieeea aeyaeoe ii?aeiaiiy oeo neiioii?a, i?e yeeo OAIO c a?eueoith a??ia?aei?noth aoaea ia aoaeoeaiith, a canoinoaaiiy ?O aeicaieeei aeyaeoe a?eueo oi/i?oa a?aenioie i/?eoaaiiai aoaeoo. AENIIAEE 1. Iaoaiaoe/i? iaoiaee, ye? neeaaeathoue aaoiiaoeciaaio nenoaio oi?aae?iiy aaieii aeaieo, aeicaieythoue i?iaanoe anaa?/iee aeinoia??iee aiae?c ? ia’?eoeaii ioe?ieoe iaa?ieia?/iee noaoon aei iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? ? a aeeiai?oe? i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. Cai?iiiiiaaiee i?aeo?ae iiaea aooe aeei?enoaiee aeey noai?aiiy ?aeeiiai aaieo aeaieo oai?eo ? aeicaieeoue ia’?eoeaii aeinoia??ii ioe?ieoe aoaeoeai?noue ??cieo iaoiae?a e?eoaaiiy oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/a. 2. Iae?io?ainieaioaoe?y ? aoaeoeaiei iaoiaeii ei?aeoe?? iioi?ieo ii?ooaiue o ae?oae ?c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/a. Iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea a noaiiaeaii? noaoi-e?iaoe/ieo ooieoe?e i?ney iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? iaea i?noea o 63% oai?eo c iiaea?eiith aai?ieaa??th, o 50% ae?oae ?c nianoe/iith aeeieaa??th ? o 59% oai?eo c aai?ia?aoe/iith oi?iith aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/a. 3. Iaoiaeeea ii?aeiaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy ?aoeaeoi?ii? aeoeaiino? ? a?iiaoai?/ieo iieaciee?a e?iaiaoeee ianeaieo ?oo?a caaacia/o? aeinoia??io ia’?eoea?caoe?th noaio aoaeoi?ii? eaiee ?ooiaiai aiae?caoi?a. O oai?eo ?c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/a niinoa??aa?oueny iie?ii?o?ci aeaeo?ii?ia?ao?/ieo iieaciee?a aeoeaiino? ? ia?aiao??a e?iaiaoeee ianeaieo ?oo?a, ui aeeeoo? iaiao?aei?noue i?iaaaeaiiy ?o ?iaeea?aeoaeueiiai aiae?co. 4. I?ae aieeaii iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? ciaioo?oueny ?aoeaeoi?ia aeoeai?noue i’yc?a, ca?eueoo?oueny aiie?ooaea iaoaiia?aie, ciaioothoueny i?iyae eiaeoeaaoe?eii? aca?iiae?? i?ae i’ycaie - aioaaii?noaie. Oae? ci?ie noi?iaiaeaeothoueny cieaeaiiyi i’ycaaiai oiiono ? ciaioaiiyi i?iya?a nianoe/iino?, ui caaacia/o? aeeiai?/ia oi?ioaaiiy noaoi-iioi?ieo iaae/ie ? aeia?eueieo ?oo?a. 5. Iae?io?ainieaioaoe?y i?eaiaeeoue aei ci?ie oa?aeoa?enoee ai?neiae?iio o 70% oai?eo. Cieea? iie?ii?oiee oa?aeoa? ai?neiae?iio, cieaeo?oueny /anoioa ai?eaioe/ieo ia?ieneci?a, ca?eueoo?oueny e?euee?noue oa i?ioyaei?noue ee?i?/ieo ?ai?n?e. 6. Aeai?eoi iaoaiaoe/iiai i?iaiico aoaeoeaiino? iaoiaeo o?ainieaioaoe?? aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai? oeaieie i?e nianoe/ieo oi?iao oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/a aeicaieea aecia/eoe e?eoa???, ye? iaaaoeaii aieeaathoue ia aoaeoeai?noue iae?io?ainieaioaoe??. Oaeeie oaeoi?aie ?: ?icoiiaa a?aenoae?noue aaaeeiai nooiaith, a?e aeeoeie a?eueoa 7 ?ie?a, iayai?noue uiaeaiieo /anoeo ai?eaioe/ieo iaiaae?a ? a?ia?e?iaoe/iiai neiae?iio, cia/ii ae?aaeaia cao?eiea noaoi-iioi?iiai ?icaeoeo. 7. O?ainieaioaoe?y caaacia/o? aeineoue aenieo aoaeoeai?noue ei?aeoe?? ?ooiaeo ii?ooaiue. Iiceoeaia aeeiai?ea a iaa?ieia?/iiio noaoon? i?e a?aenooiino? iia?/ieo oneeaaeiaiue ia? no?eeee oa?aeoa?, ui aea? i?aenoaao i?iiiioaaoe iae?io?ainieaioaoe?th a eiiieaeniiio e?eoaaii? aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/a. I?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? A?aoiaoth/e aeaniee aeina?ae noai?aiiy aaieo ee?i?/ieo aeaieo ia oai?eo ?c aeeoy/ei oea?aa?aeueiei ia?ae?/ai iiaeia noi?ioethaaoe ieceo i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoe?e uiaei noai?aiiy aeanieo aaie?a ee?i?/ieo niinoa?aaeaiue: 1. Iaiao?aeii aecia/eoenue uiaei i/?eoaaieo aoaeo?a nieaiiaaiiai iaoiaeo e?eoaaiiy; 2. *?oei noi?ioethaaoe caaaeaiiy ia?aae iaoaiaoeeaie-i?ia?ai?noaie; 3. ?ic?iaeoe ?aeeiee i?aeo?ae noiniaii aeine?aeaeoaaii? iaoieia??, caoceaoe i?e oeueiio aa??aioe a?aeiia?aeae i?ae /an oa?aeoa?enoeee iaei??? ? o??? ae naii? iciaee. Oea caaacia/eoue ?ioa?iana?aio iaae?ei?noue iaaee/ii? aace ? i?aeaeueoue ??aaiue ia’?eoeaiino?; 4. Aaaeaii, uia aeai? a iaaee/io aaco aiineeenue iaeiei ee?i?oeenoii-aeine?aeieeii aai iaiaaeaiei eieii ni?a?ia?oiee?a.Iio??aii /ano?oa i?aeoeeoaaoe ni?eueia ?aaeaaoaaiiy aaaaeaii? a aaie aeaieo ?ioi?iaoe??; 5. Iaaecae/aeii aaaeeeai aecia/eoe /aniaee ?ioa?aae niinoa?aaeaiiy c o?aooaaiiyi iiyae i/?eoaaiiai aoaeoo. NIENIE IIOAE?EIAAIEO I?AOeUe CA OAIITH AeENA?OAOe?? 1. Oeeiaaethe A.?., I?/eo? I.I., I?/eo? E.Ae., Neiyanueea E.O., Aoaeianueea I.A. Aeina?ae noai?aiiy oa aeei?enoaiiy aace aeaieo oai?eo ia aeeoy/ee oea?aa?aeueiee ia?ae?/ // Atheaoaiue Oe?a?inueei? Anioe?aoe?? Iae?io??o?a?a.– 1999.– N 1(8).– N. 26-30. 2. Oeeiaaethe A.?., Aaneeue?aa ?.A., I?/eo? E.Ae., *iiee I.A., Oethaei I.?, I?/eo? I.I. Iaoai?cie ?ooiaeo ii?ooaiue i?e AeOeI oa ?o ei?aeoe?y ca aeiiiiiaith aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai? oeaieie // Atheaoaiue Oe?a?inueei? Anioe?aoe?? Iae?i-o??o?a?a.– 1998.– N6.– N. 4-5. 3. Oeuiaaethe A.E., Ie/eo? E.Ae., ?iaeeiaa C.C., Ie/eo? I.A. Eniieueciaaiea ssI?-niaeo?ineiiee aeey ioeaiee aeeyiey o?ainieaioaoeee yia?eiiaeueiie ia?aiie oeaie i?e nianoe/aneeo oi?iao AeOeI // Atheeaoaiue yenia?eiaioaeueiie aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu.– 1998.– o.126.– i?ee.1.– N. 54-58. 4. ?oaeaiei A.A., Eenyiue I.E., Oeuiaaethe A.E., Ie/eo? I.A. Aeeiaieea iieacaoaeae eeaoi/iiai eiioieoaoa e iae?iaooieiioiiuo ?aaeoeee o aieueiuo AeOeI iinea iae?io?ainieaioaoeee // Atheeaoaiue yenia?eiaioaeue-iie aeieiaee e iaaeeoeeiu.– 1998.– o.126.– i?ee.1.– N.59-60. 5. Oeuiaaethe A.E., Aaneeueaaa E.A., *iiee I.A., Ieaenaiei I.I., Oethaei I.E., Ie/eo? I.A., Aaee/ei I.I. Aeeyiea iae?io?ainieaioaoeee ia niaea?aeaiea eaoaoieaieiia a no?oeoo?ao aieiaiiai iicaa e?un iinea /a?aiii-iicaiaie o?aaiu // Iae?ioeceieiaey.- 1998.- ?1.- N. 36-40. 6. Oeuiaaethe A.E., Aaneeueaaa E.A., *iiee I.A., Ieaenaiei I.I., Oethaei I.E., Ie/eo? E.Ae., Ie/eo? I.A., Aaee/ei I.I. Aeeyiea yeno?aeoa ec yia?eiiaeueiie ia?aiie oeaie ia niaea?aeaiea aeioaieia e ii?aae?aiaeeia a yenieaioaoao n?aaeiaai e i?iaeieaiaaoiai iicaa iiai?iaeaeaiiuo e?un // Iae?ioeceieiaey.- 1998.- ?2.- N. 98-103. 7. Oeeiaaethe A.?., I?/eo? E.Ae, I?/eo? I.I. O?ainieaioaoe?y aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai? oeaieie: i?iaeaie ? ia?niaeoeae // Oe?a?inuee? iaaee/i? a?no?.- 1998.- o.2.-N. 89. 8. Oeeiaaethe A., I?/eo? E., Ia?oeithe A., I?/eo? I., Ai?ae??iei I. Iiaee iaoiae e?eoaaiiy aiae?/iiai neiae?iio o ae?oae // Ca??iee iaoeiaeo i?aoeue “Iaoea ? ina?oa”. – 1997.- ei.2.– N. 257-261. 9. I?/eo? I.I. Ci?ia ?aoeaeoi?ii? aeoeaiino? i’yc?a-aioaaii?no?a o oai?eo ia aeeoy/ee oea?aa?aeueiee ia?ae?/ i?ney o?ainieaioaoe?? aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai? oeaieie // VI Eiia?an Na?oiai? Oaaea?aoe?? oe?a?inueeeo e?ea?nueeeo oiaa?enoa (9-14 aa?aniy 1996?.), Iaeana. – 1996.– N. 82-83. 10. Oeuiaaethe A.E., Ie/eo? E.Ae., Ie/eo? I.A. Iae?io?ainieaioaoeey a ea/aiee aeaoneiai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?aee/a // Aeooaeueiua aii?inu ea/aiey caaieaaaiee iii?ii-aeaeaaoaeueiiai aiia?aoa, oeaio?aeueiie e ia?eoa?e/aneie ia?aiie nenoaiu, ?anie?aoi?iuo aeea?aicia o aeaoae: Iaoa?eaeu thaeeaeiie eiioa?aioeee, iinayu. 75-eaoeth naiaoi?ey /6-8 aeae. 1995a., a.Aaiaoi?ey, Oe?aeia/.– Aaiaoi?ey, 1995a.– N.84. 11. Oeuiaaethe A.E., Ie/eo? E.Ae., Oeeiaeei I.A., Ie/eo? I.A. Iae?io?ainieaioaoeey a ea/aiee aieueiuo n i?aaie/aneeie ii?aaeaieyie aieiaiiai iicaa // II nuacae iae?ioe?o?aia ?in.Oaae. (16-19 naioya?y 1998a.).– 1998.– N.210. Aeeoy/ee oea?aa?aeueiee ia?ae?/, o?ainieaioaoe?y aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai? oeaieie, aaie ee?i?/ieo aeaieo. Aeaoneee oea?aa?aeueiue ia?aee/, o?ainieaioaoeey yia?eiiaeueiie ia?aiie oeaie, aaca eeeie/aneeo aeaiiuo. Infantile cerebral palsy, transplantation of embryonic brain tissue, clinical data-base. I?/eo? I. I. Iaa?ieia?/i? aniaeoe ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? o?ainieaioaoe?? aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai? oeaieie o oai?eo ?c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/a. – ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa iaaee/ieo iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 14.01.15 – ia?aia? oai?iae.- Ee?anueea iaaee/ia aeaaeai?y i?neyaeeieiiii? ina?oe ?i. I.E.Ooieea, IIC Oe?a?ie, Ee?a, 1999. Noai?aii aaie ee?i?/ieo aeaieo oai?eo ?c oea?aa?aeueiei ia?ae?/ai. ?ic?iaeaia nenoaia oi?aae?iiy aaieii aeaieo. Aeiaeaeai? iaoaiaoe/i? e?eoa??? ioe?iee aoaeoeaiino? iaoiaeo o?ainieaioaoe?? aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai? oeaieie a i?aiioi?i? ciie ei?e o ae?oae c? nianoe/ieie oi?iaie oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/a. I?iaaaeaii ee?i?ei-iaa?ieia?/ia ianoaaeaiiy 145 oai?eo aei iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? oa a aeeiai?oe? i?neyiia?aoe?eiiai ia??iaeo. O iaa?ieia?/iiio noaoon? i?ae aieeaii o?ainieaioaoe?? aia??iiaeueii? ia?aiai? oeaieie a?aeao-aa?oueny aeeiai?/ia noaiiaeaiiy noaoi-iioi?ieo iaae/ie, cia/ii iie?auo?oueny iioi?eea a ?oeao, ciaioothoueny i?iyae inaaaeiaoeueaa?iiai neiae?iio. Oae? ci?ie iie?auothoue ye?noue aeeooy oai?eo ? cia/ii iieaaoothoue aeiaeyae ca ieie. Aeine?aeaeaii aeaeo?io?c?ieia?/i? oa a?iiaoai?/i? ia?aiao?e e?iaiaoeee ianeaieo ?oo?a o 60 ae?oae c nianoe/ieie oi?iaie aeeoy/iai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?ae?/a oa ?o ci?ie i?ae aieeaii iae?io?ainieaioaoe??. Anoaiiaeaii, ui aeaeo?io?c?ieia?/ia ea?oeia i?e nianoe/ieo oi?iao a?ae??ciy?oueny iie?ii?oiei oa?aeoa?ii. I?ae aieeaii iae?io?ainieaioaoe?? cia/ii ciaioo?oueny ?aoeaeoi?ia aeoeai?noue a i’ycao, ca?eueoo?oueny aiie?ooaea ianeaieo ?oo?a, ciaioothoueny i?iyae eiaeoeaaoe?eiiai oeio aca?iiae?e a i’ycao-aioaaii?noao. Aeiaaaeaia aeniea aoaeoeai?noue iaoiaeo iae?io?ainieaioaoe??. Ie/eo? I.A. Iaa?ieiae/aneea aniaeou ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe o?ainieaioaoeee yia?eiiaeueiie ia?aiie oeaie o aieueiuo ni nianoe/aneeie oi?iaie aeaoneiai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?aee/a. – ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa iaaeeoeeineeo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 14.01.15 – ia?aiua aieacie.- Eeaaneay iaaeeoeeineay aeaaeaiey iineaaeeieiiiiai ia?aciaaiey ei. I.E.Ooieea IC Oe?aeiu, Eeaa, 1999. Nicaeai aaie eeeie/aneeo aeaiiuo aieueiuo n aeaoneei oea?aa?aeueiui ia?aee/ii. ?ac?aaioaia nenoaia oi?aaeaiey aaieii eeeie/aneeo aeaiiuo. Ii?aaeaeaiu iaoaiaoe/aneea e eeeie/aneea e?eoa?ee ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe iaoiaea o?ainieaioaoeee yia?eiiaeueiie ia?aiie oeaie a i?aiioi?iua ciiu ei?u o aeaoae ni nianoe/aneeie oi?iaie AeOeI. I?aaeeiaeaiiue iaoiae noaiaea?oecaoeee iicaieyao ananoi?iiia ianeaaeiaaoue aieueiuo aeaoneei oea?aa?aeueiui ia?aee/ii: i?iaanoe oanou aeey ioeaiee noaoeee, eieiiioeee, eco/eoue iniaaiiinoe i?iecaieueiie iioi?eee a ?oeao. Eeanne/anee i?iaaaeaii enneaaeiaaiea iaa?ieiae/aneiai noaoona aieueiuo n yoie iaoi-eiaeae, aeaia ioeaiea yieeaioe/aneiio e aeia?eeiaoe/aneiio neiae?iiai, eae iaeaieaa ioyaiuathuei oa/aiea aieacie. Ioa?aeoa?eciaaia ?a/aaay noa?a aieueiuo, iieacaoaee aunoae ia?aiie aeayoaeueiinoe. Iniaia aieiaiea oaeaeaii auoiaui iaaueai aieueiuo. I?iaaaeaii eeeieei-iaa?ieiae/aneia enneaaeiaaiea 145 aieueiuo ni nianoe/aneeie oi?iaie aeaoneiai oea-?aa?aeueiiai ia?aee/a aei iae?io?ainieaioaoeee e a aeeiaieea iineaiia?aoeeiiiiai ia?eiaea n eniieueciaaieai i?aaeeiaeaiiie aaoiiaoece?iaaiiie nenoaiu oi?aaeaiey. Iae?io?ainieaioaoeey ieacuaaao nouanoaaiiia iieiaeeoaeueiia aeeyiea ia noaiiaeaiea noaoi-iioi?iuo iaaueia: o aieueiuo oi?ie?othony ooieoeee eiio?iey aieiau, neaeaiey, noiyiey e i?iecaieueiie oiaeueau, oeo/oaaony iioi?eea a ?oeao. Aeeiaieea noaiiaeaiey noaoi-iioi?iuo iaaueia iinea iae?io?ainieaioaoeee caaeneo io ?ani?ino?aiaiiinoe e au?aaeaiiinoe ia?aee/ae e oi?iu aieacie. A ?acoeueoaoa i?iaaaeaiiiai ea/aiey o aieueiuo oaaee/eeny iau?i aeoeaiuo e ianneaiuo aeaeaeaiee a eiia/iinoyo, iiyaeeanue aiciiaeiinoue caoaaouaaoue e oaea?aeeaaoue i?aaeiaou e iaieioee?iaaoue eie. Oeo/oaiea a ?a/aaie noa?a ioia/aeinue o aieueiuo n ieieiaeueiuie ?a/aauie iaaueaie e au?aaeaeinue a oaaee/aiee aeoeaiiai e ianneaiiai neiaa?iiai caiana, oiaiueoaiee i?iyaeaiey aeeca?o?ee, oi?ie?iaaiee neiaiaie e o?aciaie ?a/e e caaenaei io noaiaie eioaeeaeooaeueiiai aeaoaeoa. A ia?aua aeie iinea iae?io?ainieaioaoeee auyaeaii oiaiueoaiea i?iyaeaiee inaaaeiaoeueaa?iiai neiae?iia. O aieueiuo oeo/oeeinue aeaaaiea, aeioaiea, /oi a cia/eoaeueiie noaiaie iaeaa/aei ooiae e niinianoaiaaei oeo/oaieth oece/aneeo aeaiiuo iaoeeaioia. Oeo/oaiea iioi?eee a ?oeao, oiaiueoaiea inaaaeiaoeueaa?iuo i?iyaeaiee, oi?ie?iaaiea iaaueia ii?yoiinoe oeo/oeee ea/anoai aeecie aieueiuo e cia/eoaeueii iaeaa/eee ooiae ca ieie a iineaiia?aoeeiiiii ia?eiaea. Iiae aeeyieai iae?io?ainieaioaoeee eciaiythony oa?aeoa?enoeee yieneiae?iia: oiaiueoaaony /anoioa yieeaioe/aneeo ia?ieneciia, oaaee/eaaaony /enei eeeie/aneeo ?aiennee, en/acaao iieeii?oiue oa?aeoa? noaei?ia. A ?acoeueoaoa ea/aiey o aieueiuo oiaiueoeeanue au?aaeaiiinoue eee i?ae?aoeeenue aeia?eeiacu. Iieiaeeoaeueiua eciaiaiey a iaa?ieiae/aneii noaoona iiaeoaa?aeaeathony ?acoeueoaoaie enneaaeiaaiey yooaeoi?iiai caaia aeaeaaoaeueiiai aiaeecaoi?a. Eco/aee ?aoeaeoi?ioth aeoeaiinoue a iuooeao-aioiaiienoao, iniaaiiinoe a? eciaiaiey e ia?a?ani?aaeaeaiey a ?acoeueoaoa ianneaiuo aeaeaeaiee, n iineaaeothuei aiaeecii iaoaiia?aiiu. Enneaaeiaaiu yeaeo?iieia?aoe-/aneea e aeiiaoaie/aneea iieacaoaee eeiaiaoeee ianneaiuo aeaeaeaiee o 60 aeaoae ni nianoe/aneeie oi?iaie AeOeI aei e iinea iae?io?ainieaioaoeee. Onoaiiaeaii, /oi o?ainieaioaoeey yia?eiiaeueiie ia?aiie oeaie oiaiueoaao i?iyaeaiea eiaeoeaaoeee a iuooeao-aioaaiienoao, acaeiiaeaenoaey iaaeaeo iuooeaie-aioaaiienoaie noaiiayony aieaa ?aoeei?ieiuie. Oaaee/eaaaony aiieeooaea iaoaiia?aii, nieaeaaony ?aoeaeoi?iay aeoeaiinoue a iuooeao. Oaeea eciaiaiey naeaeaoaeuenoaotho i nieaeaiee iuoa/iiai oiiona e oiaiue-oaiee i?iyaeaiee nianoe/iinoe. Aeey ioeaiee yooaeoeaiinoe ea/aiey iaoiaeii iae?io?ainieaioaoeee eniieueciaai iaoiae ii?aaeaeaiey eiaeaena oyaeanoe. Aiaeec aeeiaieee aai eciaiaiey iiae aeeyieai ea/aiey iicaieee n iaeneiaeueiie iauaeoeaiinoueth ii?aaeaeeoue oaeoi?u, aeeythuea ia yooaeoeaiinoue ea/aiey. Noaoenoe/anee aeinoiaa?ii aeieacaia yooaeoeaiinoue iae?io?ainieaioaoeee o aieueiuo ni nianoe/aneeie oi?iaie aeaoneiai oea?aa?aeueiiai ia?aee/a. Pichcur N. A. Neurological aspects of assessment of embryonic brain tissue transplantation efficiency in patients with spastic forms of cerebral palsy. – Manuscript. The dissertation submitted for a candidate of scienties (medicine) degree in specialty 14.01.15 – nervous diseases.- Kyiv Medical Academy of Post-Graduate Education named after P.Shupyk, Health Ministry of Ukraine, Kyiv, 1999. The clinical data-base on patients with cerebral palsy has been created. System of data-base management has been suggested. Statistic criteria of efficiency assessment of embryonic tissue transplantation into premotor cortex area in children with spastic forms of cerebral palsy have been determined. Clinical neurological study of 145 patients before neurotransplantation and in post-operative dynamics have been performed. Neurotransplantation exercises strong positive effect on development of static-motor skills and contributes to the motor movements of hands. The number of episodes of pseudobulbar syndrome decrease after neurotransplantation. The changes mentioned contribute to the quality of patients’ lives and makes care of the patients easier. Positive changes in the epileptic syndrome picture take place under the effect of brain tissue transplantation: the frequency of seizures is on decrease, the number of clinical remission is on increase, polimorphic character of seizures disappear. EMG-patterns and biomechanical indexes of passive movements in extremities were investigated before and after neurotransplantation in 60 patients. Transplantation of embryonic brain tissue changed coactivation in muscles-antagonists for more reciprocal interaction, decreased electrical activity and increased amplitude of mechanogram. These change resulted in decreasing of spasticity. Efficiency of transplantation of embryonic brain tissue in premotor cortex in patients with spastic forms of infantile cerebral palsy was proved statistically.

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