.

Нетрадиційні методи створення селекційного матеріалу пшениці: Автореф. дис… д-ра с.-г. наук / В.С. Гірко, Ін-т земл-ва УААН. — К., 1999. — 34 с. — у

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?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa TC “?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa”

oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo iaoe TC “oe?a?inueei? aeaaeai?? aa?a?ieo
iaoe”

TC “”

TC “”

A??ei TC “A??ei”

Aieiaeeie? Na?a?eiae/ TC “Aieiaeeie? Na?a?eiae/”

TC “”

OAeE 631.527:001.8:522:58.083.5

Iao?aaeeoe?ei? iaoiaee noai?aiiy naeaeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo ioaieoe?

TC “”

TC “”

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 06.01.05-naeaeoe?y oa ian?iieoeoai TC “Niaoe?aeuei?noue
06.01.05-naeaeoe?y oa ian?iieoeoai”

Aaoi?aoa?ao TC “Aaoi?aoa?ao”

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy TC “aeena?oaoe?? ia
caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy”

aeieoi?a n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe TC ” aeieoi?a
n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe”

TC “”

Ee?a -1999 TC “Ee?a -1999″

Aeena?oaoe??th ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia o a?aeae?e? a?ioaoiieia?? Ie?ii?anueeiai ?inoeoooo
ioaieoe? ?i. A.I.?aianea OAAI a 1983-1999 ??.

Iaoeiaee eiinoeueoaio: aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe,
i?ioani?, /eai-ei?aniiiaeaio OAAI

Ieoaeeia A’y/aneaa A?eai?iae/,

canooiiee aee?aeoi?a ii naeaeoe?ei?e ?iaio?
?inoeoooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?
Oa?aiaiei Ethaia Eaeei?aia,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo naeaeoe?? e?oi’yieo eoeueoo? ?inoeoooo
caiea?ianoaa OAAI

aeieoi? a?ieia?/ieo iaoe

Eaaaiei Ai?en Ieaen?eiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo aaiaoe/ii? ?iaeaia??? ?inoeoooo
o?c?ieia?? ?ineei ? aaiaoeee

IAI Oe?a?ie

aeieoi? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe

Nei?ee A?eoi? Ai?oieii?eiae/,

caa?aeoaa/ a?aeae?eo naeaeoe?? aeeoa

Iin?anueei? aea?aeaaii? n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueei?
aeine?aeii? noaioe?? OAAI

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: E?einueeee aea?aeaaiee aa?a?iee oi?aa?neoao

Caoeno aeena?oaoe?? a?aeaoaeaoueny ” 19 ” aeiaoiy 1999 ?ieo i 10
aiaeei? ia can?aeaii? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 27.361.01 i?e
?inoeooo? caiea?ianoaa OAAI, nio. *aaaie Ee?ai-Nayoioeinueeiai ?aeiio
Ee?anueei? iaeano?.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? ?inoeoooo
caiea?ianoaa OAAI.

A?aeaoee ia aaoi?aoa?ao o aeaio i?ei??ieeao, caa??aieo ia/aoeith,
i?ineii iaaeneeaoe ca aae?anith: 255205, nio. *aaaie
Ee?ai-Nayoioeinueeiai ?aeiio Ee?anueei? iaeano?, ?inoeooo caiea?ianoaa
OAAI, a/aiiio nae?aoa?aa? Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee 16 aa?aniy 1999 ?ieo.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

Niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao n?euenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe E.I.
E?aa/aiei

Aeooaeueiinoue oaie. I?ioyaii inoaiiuei? iieiaeie iaoiai noi?i//y a
oiiaao ?iceiai caieueoaiiy ia?iaeiianaeaiiy a?iaeaeiinoue
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo? ia ieaiaoi ae?inea aieueoa, iiae a
2,5 ?ace. I?e/iio iaeaea iieiaeia i?e?inoo iaea?aeaii ca ?aooiie
naeaeoei?, yea ia ?oaaaei noi?i/ c?iaeea ia?aoiae a?ae i?ioan?eiiai
ienoaoeoaa aei i?ioanieii? oaoiieiai?. I?ioa iiaeaeueoee ?ino oa
noaaieicaoeiy i?iaeoeoeaiinoi nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo ?ineei i?e
aeei?enoaiii oieueee o?aaeeoeieieo naeaeoeieieo oaoiieiaie iaeieiiai?ii.
sseinii ciiieoe neooaoeith iiaeooue oniioe a aaeoci eeioeiii? aiieiai?
oa iieaeoey?ii? aaiaoeee, yei oaia? iaaoaathoue ia?enia iaoe, ui
i?eiinyoue i?aeoe/io ei?enoue. C iiyaith iiai? ooo/ii noai?aii? iiaeaei
— nenoai in vitro aeueo ?ineei— c’yaeeany iiaeeea?noue, iaiiioethaaoe
eeioeiaie, oeaieiaie oa i?aaiaie ?ineei iica i?aaiiciii ia ooo/ieo
iiaeeaieo na?aaeiaeuao, oa aeieeee ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?ic?iaee i?eioeeiiai
iiaeo naeaeoeieieo oaoiieiaie noai?aiiy iiaeo ni?oia i iaaioue aeaeia
?ineei.

E?ii ia?niaeoeae caieueoaiiy caaaeueii? aiiiane oa a?iaeath,
aiaee?eaathoueny aaeeei iiaeeeainoi ii?aeiaoe a iaeiiio aaiioeii oi
iciaee, eio?i aaaeei eiiaiiothoueny, aeinyaoe yeinieo ciii, noai?eoe
oe?ieo aaiaoe/io ?iciiiaiioiinoue, aiae?a?aoe oa noaaieicoaaoe oeiiii
aaiioeie iao?aaeeoeieieie iaoiaeaie naeaeoei?.

Ia ii/aoeiaeo eaieao naeaeoeieiiai oaoiieiai/iiai eaioethaa o aeioei
iaoiaeia, ui iia’ycaii c oi?aaeiiiyi iiieeainoth, noa? iiaeeeaei
iaiiioethaaoe oeieeie iaai?aie o?iiiniiieo aeaoa?i?iaio, c’yaey?oueny
oe?iea iiea aeiyeueiinoi i?e iiaeieaiii oaeniiiii/ieo aa?’??ia
ianoiiniinoi, i?inoi? aeey ?icaeoeo i?eioeeiia iie?ioi?o?ai?, ui
aeicaiey? caa?iaaoe, eeiiaeueii ?iciiiaeoaaoe oiieaeueii aaiioeie
ianoaoaaei oeyoii. Oea nooo?ai ?icoe?th? iiaeeeainoi ia?aeiiaiiaioieo
iiaeoiaeia a naeaeoei?, cie?aia iooaaaiaco oa niiaeeiiaeueii?
iiieeainoi.

Aaaeeeaee aoai naeaeoeieiiai i?ioeano — ooo/iee aeiai? — a iaaeao
eeioeiieo oaoiieiaie caiaeeoueny aei i?ioeano c?inoath/iai aeiiiioaaiiy
a ooo/ii noai?aieo naeaeoeaieo oiiaao in vitro eeioei iaaiiai oeio, ui
caii/aoeiaothoue oi?ie c ainiiaea?nueee oeiiieie iciaeaie. I?e oeueiio
c’yaey?oueny iiaeeeainoue ioeiithaaoe iieueeiie aaiioeiia oa aiaeae?aoe
c ieo noieei aei eiiieaeno aiioe/ieo oa aaiioe/ieo eiiiooth/eo oaeoi?ia
ciaiioiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

?ioaineo?eaoe?y aeine?aeaeaiue ii ?ic?iaoe? iiaeo i?eeii?a oa iaoiae?a
noai?aiiy aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo aeyaeeany aeooaeueiith aeey ca?iiaeo
eoeueoo?, ? iniaeeai aeey ioaieoe? — aeineoue neeaaeiiai oa iaei
a?aei?aoeueiaaiiai a ieai? eoeueoo?aeueieo i?ioeaaeo? a?ieia?/iiai
ia’?eoa, ui ? coiiaeei ?icai?oaiiy oa ?aae?caoe?th oe???
aeine?aeieoeueei? i?ia?aie.

I?e oeueiio ia noi?oue ieoaiiy i?i aeueoa?iaoeaio caiiio /e aeoiniaiiy
o?aaeeoeieieo iiaeoiaeia, a iiaa iiaea eoe eeoa i?i aa?iiiieio
iioaa?aoeith coneeue, iaoeiaee oa oaoiieiai/iee aieea iao?aaeeoeieieo
iiaeoiaeia ia ?icaeoie naeaeoeieii? iaoee.

Iaoa oa caaaeaiiy aeineiaeaeaiue. Iaoa ?iaioe iieyaa? o ?ic?iaoe? ?
aaeineiiaeai? iao?aaeeoe?eieo iaoiae?a noai?aiiy aeo?aeiiai
naeaeoe?eiiai iaoa??aeo ioaieoe? oa ?ioeo ceaeiaeo eoeueoo?.
A?aeiia?aeii aei oeueiai i?ia?aiith aeine?aeaeaiue ia?aaeaa/aeiny
ae??oeoe oae? caaaeaiiy:

– iiaeieaiiy i?iaia?iiiaeueieo aa?’??ia ianoiiniinoi oeyoii aeaeieaiiy
aaiioeiia c aenieith no?auoaaiinoth oa aeei?enoaiiy aoaeoo aaiia kr oa
ph;

– iiaeieaiiy iinoaia?iiiaeueieo aa?’??ia ianoiiniinoi ca aeiiiiiaith
eoeueoo?e icieueiaaieo aai?oeaieo ca?iaeeia in vitro;

– caa?aaeaiiy oa eeiiaeueia ?iciiiaeaiiy i?iaeoeoia aiaeaeaeaii?
aia?eaeecaoei? a ?aiiio ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo iieieiiiyo c aeei?enoaiiyi
niiaoe/iiai aia?iiaeiaaiaco /a?ac eoeueoo?o iac?ieeo ca?iaeeia i
iieiaeeo nooeaioue;

– aeinyaiaiiy ea?iioeii/ii? noaaieicaoei? oa iiaeieaiiy noa?eeueiinoi
aiaeaeaeaieo aia?eaeia c aeei?enoaiiyi aaee?inia ? aioiaeeiei?aei?;

– iioeiicaoeiy oiia ii?aeiaiiy eoeueoo?e oeaiei c oiii/iei oa oice/iei
iooaaaiacii;

– aea/aiiy aiieiai/ii? aeoeaiinoi ?icieo oeiia iooaaaiia a nenoaiao in
vitro, ?o aieea ia i?ioeane eaeoniaaiaco i ?aaaia?aoei?;

– aecia/aiiy ii?iaiaeo eiioeaio?aoeieieo oa aeniiceoeieieo iioa?aaeia i
aeiciaeo iaaaioaaeaiue iooaaaiia ia ?icii ?ineeiii aenieaioe;

– aeineiaeaeaiiy aeni?ani? iooaioieo ciii a ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo iieieiiiyo,
aecia/aiiy /anoioe oa niaeo?o iooaoeie ia ?icieo aaiaoe/ieo oiiao;

– c’ynoaaiiy i?ioeania ?aaoethaaiiy niiaeeiiaeueii? iiieeainoi ioaieoei,
aea/aiiy iiaeeeainoae aeei?enoaiiy iiaeoeiaaiiai in vitro ?icia?ooy a
naeaeoeieiiio i?ioeani;

– aiaei?aoethaaiiy oaoiiee oa aecia/aiiy e?eoa?i?a ioeiiee oa aeiai?o
noieeeo aei iecueei? oaiia?aoo?e, canieaiiy oa iinooe, a oaeiae aei
oieneiia oioiiaoiaaiia (Septoria tritici, Fusarium graminearum,
Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides) aaiioeiia ioaieoei a oiiaao
eoeueoo?e eeioei i oeaiei in vitro.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. Aeineiaeaeaiiy
?aaeiciaaii o aiaeiiaiaeiinoi c oaiaoe/ieie ieaiaie Ie?iiianueeiai
iinoeoooo ioaieoei ii. A.I. ?aianea a ?aieao aea?aeaaieo eiiieaenieo
iaoeiai-oaoii/ieo i?ia?ai: 1996-2000??. IOI «Ca?iiai i ieieii eoeueoo?e»
(0195U002178, 197U019469-71); IOI «Oai?aoe/ii iniiae naeaeoei? i
ianiiieoeoaa nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo eoeueoo?» (0197U019541,
197U019450, 0197U019461); 1991-1995aa. IOI «I?iaeiaieuenoai-95»
(UA01009637P, UA01009547P, UA01009565P); IOI «Ooiaeaiaioaeueii
aeineiaeaeaiiy» (UA01009537P, UA01009572P, UA01009576-73P); AeEIOI
«Aiieiaiy», iai?yi 5; AeEIOI “Iaoea i?i Caieth, Ananaio i i?iaeaie
aeiaeieey», iai?yi 6 oa ii.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia aeineiaeaeaiue. ?ic?iaeaii eiiieaen i?eeiiia i iaoiaeia,
ye? aeicaieythoue a oiiaao in vitro iiaeoeoaaoe ?icoe?aiee niaeo?
?aeiiaiiaioii? oa iooaoeieii? iiieeainoi o ioaieoei, a oaeiae c aenieei
nooiaiai iaaeieiinoi ioeiithaaoe oa aeiae?aoe aaiioeie, ?acenoaioii aei
no?aniaeo aiioe/ieo oa aaiioe/ieo /eiieeia na?aaeiaeua. I?iaaaeaii
no?auoaaiiy ni?oeiaioo i’yei? ioaieoei ci cia/iei iaai?ii aeeeeo,
aiaeaii/ieo oa eoeueoo?ieo aeaeia ceaeia, iieacaia ?ieue iooaioa ph oa
caeaaeiinoue noiiniinoi aiae eiie?aoiiai ii?aeiaiiy aaiioeiia oeo /e
iioeo aaiiiia no?auoaaieo aeaeia /a?ac eiio?ieue i?e?iiii?iaaiaco oa
ica?iaiiino? a?a?eae?a, aecia/aia iai?aaeaiinoue oa iioaineaiinoue
i?ioeania oeeoiea?iioeii/ii? noaaieicaoei? i?iaeoeoia iiaeaeaeiai? oa
iiae?iaeiai? aia?eaeecaoei? i?e ?o caa?aaeaiii oa ?iciiiaeaiii.

Anoaiiaeaia aoaeoeai?noue iaoiae?a iiaeieaiiy iinoaia??iiaeueieo
aa?’??ia ianoiiniinoi i?e aeei?enoaiii aia?iieoeueoo?e, eoeueoo?e
iac?ieeo ca?iaeeia i iieiaeeo nooeaioue.

Aecia/aia ?ieue oiia eoeueoeaoaaiiy aaiioeiia no?auoaaieo oi?i, iniiaieo
eiiiiiaioia iiaeeaiiai na?aaeiaeua, aenieaioia oa noaaei? ?o
iiioeithaaiiy ia i?ioeane eaeoniaaiaco i ?aaaia?aoei? o aiaeaeaeaieo
aia?eaeia.

A iaaeao iiaeo?eae Triticinae Holmb. nooo?ai ?icoe?aia oa iaeiie/aia
aaiaoe/ia ??ciiiai?oi?noue a aeaeyae? oi?i c eiiieaenii aiiiiaea?nueei
oe?iieo iciae, aeaeieaii iiai iio?ia?aneaii eiii? i’yei? ioaieoei, a
oiio /enei aia?oa noai?aia na?iy ioaie/ii-y/iiiieo i o?ioieaea-y/iiiieo
aia?eaeia, a oaeiae ioaie/ii-aeeoiio eiia?oeieieo aioiaeeiei?aeia c
i?eioeeiiai iiaith a?oioaeoiiieith, aenieei iioaioeiaeii i?iaeoeoeaiinoi
oa noieeinoi aei no?aniaeo oaeoi?ia na?aaeiaeua.

Aea/aia /ooeea?noue ?ineeiieo aenieaioia aei iiaeoeaoth/i? aei?
iooaaaiieo /eiieeia ?icii? i?e?iaee, aeyaeai? caaaeueii i niaoeeoi/ii
iniaeeainoi aiieiai/ii? aeoeaiinoi iooaaaiia a caeaaeiino? a?ae aeice,
oeio oa noaae?? ?icaeoeo aenieaio?a.

Oai?aoe/ii iaa?oioiaaia oa aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaia iiaeeeainoue
nooo?aiai ?icoe?aiiy niaeo?o i iiaeaeuaiiy /anoioe aaiaoe/ii?
iiieeainoi ca ?aooiie iiaeoeoaaiiy ?? a nenoaiao in vitro oice/ieie i
oiii/ieie iooaaaiaie a?eueo, i?ae ca 25 iciaeaie.

Aeyaeaii iioeiaeueii i ii?iaiai eiioeaio?aoeieii, aeniiceoeieii oa
aeiciai iaaaioaaeaiiy i?e aei? iooaaaiieo oaeoi?ia ia ?icii aenieaioe i
aaiioeie, aeineiaeaeaia aeni?aniy iooaioieo ciii a ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo
iieieiiiyo, aecia/aiee aaeoi? aeiai?o i?e aeaeieaiii aa?iaioieo eiiie.

Anoaiiaeaii ?iciao niiaeeiiaeueii? iiieeainoi o i’yei? ioaieoei,
aecia/aii ia?niaeoeae aeei?enoaiiy ?? a naeaeoeieii-aaiaoe/ieo i?ia?aiao
ii noai?aiith aeo?aeiiai iaoa??aeo oa iiaeo ni?o?a ceaeiaeo eoeueoo?.

A oiiaao iiaeaethaaiiy no?ania in vitro oa in vivo aeyaeai? iniaeeainoi
?aaeoei? oeaiei i eeioei ioaieoei ia aeith naeaeoeaieo aaaioia aiioe/ii?
oa aaiioe/ii? i?e?iaee, aecia/aia niaoeeoiea ?aaeoe?? eiie?aoieo
ni?oeiaioia, anoaiiaeaii oa iioeiiciaaii aeeoa?aioeithth/i oiiae
ne?eiiiao aaiioeiia ioaieoei, ?icoe?aii caaaeueii oyaeaiiy i?i eeioeiii
iaoaiicie noieeinoi ?ineeiieo i?aaiiciia aei no?aniaeo oaeoi?ia
na?aaeiaeua.Ia oe?e iniia? aenia?eiaioaeueii aeiaaaeaia iiaeeeainoue
iaea?aeaiiy eeioeiieo eiiie ioaieoei, noieeeo aei iecueeeo oaiia?aoo?,
iniioe/iiai oa iiiiiai no?ania, oieneiia a?eaieo oioiiaoiaaiia, yei
caa?iaathoue oei yeinoi a ?yaei ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo iieieiiue.

Iaoiaeaie eeioeiii? naeaeoei? a oiiaao aei?noeiai ne?eiiiao aei
eiiieaeno aaiioe/ieo oaeoi?ia na?aaeiaeua aeae?eai? iia? e?i?? ioaieoe?
c ainiiaea?nueei oe?iieie iciaeaie, a oaeiae aia?oa noai?aii oa
ia?aaeaii ia aea?aeni?oiaei?iaoaaiiy ni?o iceii? ioaieoei O?iyi, yeee,
oa?aeoa?ecoth/enue aenieith ii?icino?ee?noth oa iinooino?ee?noth,
caaacia/o? noaa?eueiee ??aaiue i?iaeoeoeaiino? a oiiaao ??ceeo
ee?iaoe/ieo ia?aiaae?a, ui iathoue i?noea ia Oe?a?i? a inoaii? ?iee.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy io?eiaieo ?acoeueoaoia. Ca iiaenoieaie i?iaaaeaieo
aeineiaeieo ?iaio noai?aii ia?aaeoiiae aeey ?aaeueiiai i?enei?aiiy oa
iiaeaeuaiiy aoaeoeaiinoi naeaeoeieiiai i?ioeano ii ioaieoei a nenoaiao
in vitro, a oiio /ene? a no?aniaeo oiiaao ii aiioe/ieo i aaiioe/ieo
oaeoi?ao na?aaeiaeua, yei ioi?ieaii a aeaeyaei iaoiaee/ieo
?aeiiaiaeaoeie.

Iaeiie/aii oe?ieee aeiaiacii ?aeiiaiiaioii?, iooaoeieii? oa
niiaeeiiaeueii? iiieeainoi; caa?aaeaii, iiaeo?eiothoueny oa oaeaeei
?iciiiaeaii oiieaeueii aaiioeie — iin?? ainiiaea?nueei-oe?iieo iciae,
aeayei c ieo caianaii aei aaiioiiaeo Oeaio?o aaiaoe/ieo ?ano?nia
Oe?a?ie.

Noai?aii oa oniioii i?ioiaeyoue aea?aeaaia ni?oiaei?iaiaoaaiiy a
Oe?a?ii, e?a?iao NIAe, Oeaio?aeueii? oa Caoiaeii? ?a?iie ainii ni?oia
iceiiai o?ioieaea, iaeei ni?o iceii? oa iaeei ni?o y?i? ioaieoei, o?e
ni?ai-noaeaieiai neioaoe/ii iiioeyoei?, ye? e??i aeniei? oa noaa?eueii?
i?iaeoeoeaiino?, oi?iothoue ?ioaineaiee aa?ioeaiic oa u?eueiee
noaaeano?e, ia iio?aaothoue (e??i ioaieoe?) ia?iaie aa?a?oeeaeaie,
iiai?noth i?eai?/oth/e ?icaeoie ao?’yi?a, aeo?eiothoue iecueeee ??aaiue
?iaeth/ino? a?oioo, aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaoth/e i?i?iaeuei? aeice
i?ia?aeueiiai aeeaeaiiy, i?aeoe/ii ia a?aaeath/enue oe?aeeeaeie
o?oiiaoiaaiaie, iaeaea ia iio?aaothoue caoenoo ooia?oeeaeaie — ? oiio
caaacia/othoue aenieo ?aioaaaeuei?noue i?e ae?iuoaaii? oa aeieia?/io
/enoioo i?e ia?a?iaoe?. Aeaa’youe ic ieo oaea caianaii a Iaoeiiiaeueii
?a?no?e ni?oia ?aeiiaiaeiaaieo aeey ae?iuoaaiiy a ?icieo aeieiai/ieo
ciiao Oe?a?ie oa ?ini?.

Anoaiiaeai? caeiiii??iino? oa ioe?ii/i? e?eoa??? eoeueoo?aaaeueiino?
aenieaio?a, a?ieia?/ii? oa aaiaoe/ii? aeoeaiino? a nenoaiao in vitro
iooaaai?a ??cii? i?e?iaee, a oaeiae aoaeoeaiino? aeiai??a a oiiaao
ne??i?iao in vitro ca a?ioe/ieie oa aa?ioe/ieie oaeoi?aie, iiaeooue aooe
aeei?enoai? oe?ieei eieii a?ieia?a-aenia?eiaioaoi??a, a oaeiae
canoiniaoaaoenue a i?aeoe/i?e naeaeoe??. Ie?aii iieiaeaiiy
aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe aaieoee a i?ia?aie eo?no naeaeoei? i aaiaoeee
Aieioea?eianueeiai aea?aeaaiiai aa?a?iiai oiiaa?neoaoo.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a. Oey aeineiaeieoeueea i?ia?aia iiioeieiaaia,
nieaiiaaia oa ?aaeiciaaia caeiaoaa/ai, a iiaeaioiaeaia aei caoenoo
aeena?oaoeieia ?iaioa ? ?acoeueoaoii aeineiaeaeaiue aieueo iiae
20-?i/iiai ia?iiaeo. Aeiey o/anoi aaoi?a o aianaieo aei ?a?no?o ni?o?a
?ineei noaiiaeoue 30-55 %.

Ai?iaaoeiy ?acoeueoaoia aeena?oaoei?. Iniiaii iieiaeaiiy oa ?acoeueoaoe
aeineiaeaeaiue ii oaii aeena?oaoeieii? ?iaioe iaaiai?thaaeeny ia
caniaeaiiyo a/aii? ?aaee Ie?iiianueeiai iinoeoooo ioaieoei
ii.A.I.?aianea (Ie?iiiaea 1993-1998 ??.), Ananithcieo eii?aeeiaoeieieo
ia?aaeao oa naiiia?ao: ii naeaeoei? iceii? ioaieoei
(Ie?iiiaea-Aeia-Aoa-E?aniiaea?-Iaeana, 1983-1991??.), ii
nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeie aiioaoiieiai? (Iineaa, 1987-1990 ??.);
C’?caeao Ananithcii? oa ?anioaeieainueei? niieee aaiaoeeia i
naeaeoeiiia?ia (Eaiiia?aae, 1987; Eeoeiia, 1982; Iieoaaa, 1992);
Iiaeia?iaeieo eiioa?aioeiyo, neiiicioiao oa eiia?anao: ii eeioeiiie
aiieiai? i aiioaoiieiai? (Eaiiia?aae, 1988; Iiaineai?nuee, 1988;
Aeia-Aoa, 1988; Oeieeiia?aae, 1991; Iineaa, 1997; Ee?a, 1997, 1998;
Iaeana, 1998; ??onaeei, 1998); ii aaiaoeoei (Ee?a, 1989); ii
iao?aaeeoeieiiio ?ineeiieoeoao (Aeoooa, 1997, 1998) oa ii.

Ioaeieaoei?. Ii iaoa?iaeao aeena?oaoei? iioaeieiaaii 142 ae?oeiaaii
?iaioe. Ic ieo: iiiia?aoiy — 1, iaoiaee/ii ?aeiiaiaeaoei? — 15, noaooi a
iaoeiaeo aeo?iaeao oa cai?ieeao — 49, oace eiioa?aioeie, c’?caeia,
eiia?ania — 68, aaoi?nueeeo naiaeioeoa — 9.

Ia’?i i no?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoeiy aeeeaaeaia ia 305 noi?iieao
iaoeiiieniiai oaenoo, neeaaea?oueny ci anooio, 5 ?icaeieia, aeniiaeia,
i?aeoe/ieo ?aeiiaiaeaoeie, nieneo aeei?enoaieo aeaea?ae oa aeiaeaoeo.
?iaioa iinoeoue 33 oaaeeoei oa 68 eiiaiiiaaieo ?enoieia. Aiaeiia?aai/iee
nienie aeeth/a? 388 eioa?aoo?ieo aeaea?ae, ic ieo 194 iiicaiieie iiaaie.

IAOA?IAEE I IAOIAeE AeINEIAeAEAIUe TC “IAOA?IAEE I IAOIAeE
AeINEIAeAEAIUe”

A ?aieao iio?ia?aneaii? naeaeoei? ye ia?oia?e aeey no?auoaaiiy c i’yeith
ioaieoeath Triticum aestivum (AuBD) aeei?enoiaoaaee c?acee T. monococcum
L. (Ab), T. dicoccum (Schrank) Schuebc. (AuB), T. ispahanicum Heslot
(AuB), T. turgidum L. (AuBl), T. durum Desf (AuB), T. polonicum L.
(AuB), T. timopheevii (Zhuk) Zhuk. (AbG), Aegilops tauschii Coss. (Deu),
Ae. cylindrica Host (SD), Ae. triuncialis L. (CCu), Ae. biuncialis Vis.
(CuUb), Ae. triaristata Willd (CuUt), Ae. columnaris Zhuk (CuUe), Ae.
ovata L. (UM), Ae. recta (Zhuk) Chennat (UMUn), Triticale (ABR), Secale
cereale L. (R), Hordeum vulgare L.(H).

I?e iiaeai?i iiaeaeueieo ni?oeiaioia i’yei? iceii? ioaieoei a aeineiaeao
ii aenia?eiaioaeueiiio iooaaaiaco aeoiaeeee c eiio?anoiinoi aeei?enoaieo
ni?oia ii eiiieaeno ainiiaea?nueei oeiiieo iciae oa ?o
aeieiai-aaia?aoi/iiai iioiaeaeaiiy, a aenia?eiaioao ii eeioeiiie
naeaeoei? ea?oaaeeny aiaeiiiiinoyie (aenieee, na?aaeiie, iecueeee) a
?iaiyo noieeinoi aei a?aeiia?aeieo eiiiooth/eo aaiioe/ieo oa aiioe/ieo
oaeoi?ia ciaiioiueiai na?aaeiaeua.

Aei?iuoaaiiy aai?oeaieo ca?iaeeia oa iiioeiaoeiy eaeoniaaiaco,
aia?iiiaeiaaiaco oa ?aaaia?aoei? a eoeueoo?i iac?ieeo ca?iaeeia oa
iieiaeeo nooeaioue a nenoaiao in vitro i?iaiaeeeeny ia iiaeeaieo
na?aaeiaeuao: MS (Murashige, Scoog 1962), B5 (Gamborg, 1968) c
iiaeeoieaoeiyie (Sears, 1982; Staba, 1962; Kao 1975) oa ii. ii
iaoiaeeeao I?eethe (1986), Eoeueyithe, Iaiaoiai? (1980), Ai?ei oa ii
(1996).

Aeey iiioeiaoei? noniaicieii? eoeueoo?e aeei?enoiaoaaeeny eaeone,
o?aaiaioe anaioe/ii ae?iuaieo i?i?inoeia, iac?iei oa c?iei ca?iaeee,
iieiaei nooeaiooy ioaieoei (Ai?ei, Aieiuoe 1990). I?e oeueiio
aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iiaeeaii na?aaeiaeua: MS (Murashige, Skoog 1962), SD
(Sears, Deckard, 1982) a oaeiae B5 (Gamborg, Eveleigh, 1968), O (Dudits
e.a. ,1975), Masuda (Masuda e.a., 1981), SH (Schenck, Hilderbrandt,
1972).

A oiiaao in vitro aeei?enoiaoaaeenue oiii/ii iooaaaie:
1.4-ain-aeiaciaoeaoeeaooai (AeAA), N-iio?iciaoeena/iaeia (IAN) a
aeiaiaciii eiioeaio?aoeie 0,01-0,05-0,1%, a oaeiae oice/ii iooaaaie:
aaia- (5, 10, 15 A?) oa eaca?ii aei?iiiithaaiiy 632,8 ii (5 oa 10 oa) i
337,1 ii (10 oa), iaaiioia (500, 1000, 1500 A) oa aeaeo?e/ia (2, 4, 6, 8
eA) iiea, iaaeaeniei/anoioii oaeei.

Naeaeoeaio ioeiieo oa aeiai? aaiioeiia in vitro ia ?iaii
iaaeeoa?aioeieiaaieo i ?aaaia?oth/eo eaeonia, a oaeiae a noniaicieiie
eoeueoo?i eeioei i?iaiaeeee ia oiii iecueeeo oaiia?aoo? (-8?-16iN),
iiaeaeuaiiai aiinoo NaCl, iieiaoeeaiaeieieth (IAA-6000), iaiioieo oa
Al3+-AAeOA. Naeaeoeith ii noieeinoi aei aiioe/ieo oaeoi?ia i?iaiaeeee ia
oiii eoeueoo?aeueieo oieueo?aoia iiiinii?iaeo eoeueoo? iaoiaaiia
Pseudocercosporella herpotrichoides, Septoria tritici, Fusarium
graminearum.

Iiiiniiiee aiaeic oa aecia/aiiy iei?aeiinoi i?iaiaeeeiny ca?aeii c
iaoiaeeeith Eaia?iaeaenueeiai oiiaa?neoaoo (Wanige, 1965).

Iieueiai aeineiaeaeaiiy i?iaiaeeee a ?aieao o?aaeeoeieii? naeaeoeieii?
noaie. Iai?aoethaaiiy iiieoethio, noai?aiiy ooo/ieo iioaeoeieieo oiiia
oa iaeie iioaineaiinoi o?aaeaiiy ?ineei iniiaieie a?eaieie
oioiiaoiaaiaie i?iaiaeeee ca caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie iaoiaeeeaie (Aaaayioe
oa ii., 1988; Ieaeeeiaa oa ii., 1989; Iiaiaeeeia oa ii., 1988;
A?eai?ueaa oa ii., 1976). Ioeiieo ii?icinoieeinoi naeaeoeieiiai
iaoa?iaeo i?iaiaeeee oeyoii iiae?aooieo ?ineei, ui ia?aceioaaee a
iieueiaeo oiiaao, oa iaeieo a i?ioeani i?iii?icee ?ineei a iiniaieo
yueeao (Ee?e/aiei, 1969; TH?’?a, 1958), a ?oeiiao (Aeoaiaee oa ii.,
1998) oa i?iii?icee i?i?inoeia (Naieaii, 1967). Eoeueoeaoaaiiy ?ineei a
ooo/iiio eeiiaoi i?iaiaeeeiny c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeee Oaeiia oa ii.
(1985), AEeaioeiaa, Aeoaiaiai oa ii. (1989). Oaiieiai/ii niinoa?aaeaiiy
oa aiiiao?e/ii aeii?e aeaiaioia no?oeoo?e a?iaeath oa iioeo
ainiiaea?nueei ei?enieo iciae i?iaiaeeee c a?aooaaiiyi aeiia OIIA.

Aiaeic aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeaieo i?iaiaeeany c aeei?enoaiiyi iaoiaeia
iaoaiaoeei-noaoenoe/iiai aiaeico (?ieeoeueeee, 1974; Aeiniaoia, 1985;
O?aao, 1963; Eeooe, Oeeec, 1981) ia IE Pentium 166 i?e aeei?enoaiii
aiaeioe/ieo i?ia?ai “StatGraphics», “Statistica 5.0», SPSS oa ii.

NEIOAC IIO?IA?ANEAIEO OI?I TC “NEIOAC IIO?IA?ANEAIEO OI?I”

Iiaioii ?iaioe ii neioaco iiaeo aiaeaeaeaieo aia?eaeia aeathoue
iiaeeeainoue nooo?ai ?icoe?eoe iaaei aaiaoe/ii? iiieeainoi, iiaeaeueoe
aoaeoeaiinoue naeaeoei? ca ieceith eiiiooth/eo iciae i i?e iinoieiiio
iie?auaiii ua aeiaai aoaeooue caeiaoe i?iaiaeia iinoea a iaoeiaeo
no?aoaaiyo, ni?yiiaaieo ia aaeineiiaeaiiy ?ineei. Aea, ia caaaeath/e ia
iioaioeieio iiaeeeainoue aaiiiia, o?iiinii oa iiaeeaiaeoaeueieo
iineiaeiaiinoae AeIE aei ae?aeoo iiae aeaeaie a i?ioeani aaiethoei?,
aaiii ioaieoei, caaaeyee aaiethoei? ? aeineoue caaeainiaaia nenoaia,
caoeuaia eieueeiia ?iaiyie aeieoaaiiy iio?iaeoeoei? /oaea?iaeii?
niaaeeiainoi.

I?e/iio a ?aeeiiio eaioethci caeiiiii?ieo, iineiaeiaieo oa
aca?iiiia’ycaieo ia?aoai?aiue aaiao, ca?iaeea oa oeaiei aiiaoeay,
iaeaieueo cia/ou?, a ieaii i?iyao ianoiiniinoi, aoaie ?inoo ieeeiaeo
o?oaie oa oi?ioaaiiy ianiiiy. Naia ia iiaeieaiiy oeeo e?eoe/ieo
ia?iiaeia aoee ni?yiiaaii iaoi coneeey a i?ioeani iiaeaeuaiiy
aoaeoeaiinoi iio?ia?aneaii? naeaeoei?.

Iano?auoaaiinoue, i?iaia?iiiaeueii aa?’??e ianoiiniinoi o ioaieoei
aeieaeanue oeyoii iiaeai?o aaoueeianueeeo eiiiiiaio?a, aeyaeaiiyi
aaiioeiia c aenieith no?auoaaiinoth, a oaeiae ca ?aooiie aeei?enoaiiy
aoaeoia kr-aaiia, ye? aieeaathoue ia ?ino ieeeiaeo o?oaie oa ph-aaiia,
ui eiio?ieththoue nia?thaaiiy o?iiinii. Oaoiieiai? ae?iuoaaiiy
icieueiaaieo iac?ieeo ca?iaeeia ia ooo/ieo iiaeeaieo na?aaeiaeuao
caiiaiaaee caaeaaei iaaeeoo?caeaoieo aia?eaeieo ca?iaeeia ia
iinoaia?iiiaeueieo aoaiao ?icaeoeo. Iie?ieeiiaeueia ?iciiiaeaiiy i?e
aeei?enoaiii eoeueoo?e iac?ieeo ca?iaeeia i eoeueoo?e iieiaeeo nooeaioue
aeaei ciiao ?icei caieueoeoe eieueeinoue ?ineei a ?aiiio ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo
iieieiiiyo oa caaacia/eoe iiaeo?eieo ?o aeeoo?caeaoiinoi. Iiaeieaiiy
noa?eeueiinoi oa ea?iioeiiaa noaaieicaoeiy aiaeaeaeaieo aia?eaeia
caaacia/oaaeany oeyoii aeei?enoaiiy aaee?inia oa ?aaoethaaiiy ?iaiy
iei?aeiinoi.

Aeineiaeaeaiiy Neo?eaiii? (1988), Aoaeaoeiii? (1977), Aei?io??aa (1976),
Ianeiaeaoaiei (1984), Oiaeaea? (1984) oa iaoi aenia?eiaioe eiinoaoothoue
cia/io iiieeainoue ye iiae aeaeaie, oae i a iaaeao aeaeo ca ?iaiyie
noiiniinoi oa naiae/aoue i?i oa, ui oniio no?auoaaiiy i’yei? ioaieoei c
iioeie aeaeaie oa ?iaeaie aecia/a?oueny ia eeoa aaiiiiith no?oeoo?ith
inoaiiio, aea i a cia/iie ii?i aaiioeiiaeie iniaeeainoyie ni?oia i’yei?
ioaieoei oa oiiaaie ae?iuoaaiiy aeiii?ieo ?ineei (?en.1.A-1.A). Oae
na?aaeiie ?iaaiue no?auoaaiinoi c ni?oeiaioii i’yei? ioaieoei ca
aaaaoi?i/ieie aeaieie a iaoeo aenia?eiaioao aeey Triticum militinae
neeaaea? 9,9% i?e ?iciaoo aa?ithaaiiy iieacieea ii ie?aieo eiiaiiaoeiyo
3,6-22%. Aeey T. timopheevii oeae iieaciee noaiiaea 27,8% i?e cia/iiio
eieeaaiii ii ?ieao (19,3-40,4%) oa eiiaiiaoeiyo (4,4-44,8%).

?iaaiue no?auoaaiinoi T. monococcum c i’yeith ioaieoeath neeaaeaa 21,1%
i?e iacia/ieo eieeaaiiyo ii ?ieao, a oie /an, ye aeey ie?aieo
eiiaiiaoeie aeiaiacii no?auoaaiinoi c i’yeith ioaieoeath neeaaeaa aiae
0,7 aei 46,5%. Aeey oe?ieiai ni?oeiaioo aeaeia Aegilops aeyaeaii
noaaieueiee ii ?ieao ?iaaiue no?auoaaiinoi c i’yeith ioaieoeath
(44,0-50,8%) i?e cia/iie na?aaeiie aaee/eii oeueiai iieacieea (46,3%).

Ica?iaiinoue i?e aeei?enoaiii ca iaoa?einueeee eiiiiiaio aiaeaii/ieo
oi?i a oiiaao ooo/iiai eeiiaoo, ye i?aaeei, aoea nooo?ai ieae/ith, iiae
o iieueiaeo oiiaao.

?en. 1. Ni?oiniaoeeo?/i? oa ?aoeei?iei? aoaeoe i?e no?auoaaii? aeeeeo
aeae?a c i’yeith ioaieoeath: A — Ae. columnaris; A — T. timopheevii,
Aegilops , T. monococcum; A — ?aoeei?ieiee aoaeo i?e no?auoaaii? T.
monococcum x T. aestivum.

?en. 1. Ni?oiniaoeeo?/i? oa ?aoeei?iei? aoaeoe i?e no?auoaaii? aeeeeo
aeae?a c i’yeith ioaieoeath: A — Ae. columnaris; A — T. timopheevii,
Aegilops , T. monococcum; A — ?aoeei?ieiee aoaeo i?e no?auoaaii? T.
monococcum x T. aestivum.

?en. 1. Ni?oiniaoeeo?/i? oa ?aoeei?iei? aoaeoe i?e no?auoaaii? aeeeeo
aeae?a c i’yeith ioaieoeath: A — Ae. columnaris; A — T. timopheevii,
Aegilops , T. monococcum; A — ?aoeei?ieiee aoaeo i?e no?auoaaii? T.
monococcum x T. aestivum.

sse naiae/aoue ?aoeei?ieii aiaeiiiiinoi ii ?iaith no?auoaaiinoi, ui iaee
iinoea a iaoeo aenia?eiaioao, oeeoiieaciaoe/iee aieea iaoa?einueei?
eiiiiiaioe aeineoue ?noioiee (?en. 1.A), ye i?eeeaae iaeiinoi?iiiuei?
ia?ao?anii? ianoiiniinoi (Anderson, Dewinton, 1931; Mather, 1943; Stout,
1952).

Aeoiaey/e c eieeaaiue caa’ycoaaiinoi a aiaeaeaeaieo no?auoaaiiyo ii
?ieao oa aiaeiiiiinoae ii oeueiio iieacieeo a oiiaao ooo/iiai eeiiaoo oa
iieueiaeo oiiaao, aieea iiaeeoieoth/eo oiia eoeueoeaoaaiiy aeiii?ieo
?ineei ? ai?iaiaeiei.

Anoaiiaeaiee iaie ?iaaiue iiaeaeaeiai? oa aioo?ioiueiaeaeiai?
?iciiiaiioiinoi a eiiiiiaioia aiaeaeaeaieo no?auoaaiue aeicaieea
aeaeieeoe oa ?aeiiaiaeoaaoe ye iino?oiaio iio?ia?ani? oi?ie c aaiaoe/ii
aeaoa?iiiiaaiith aenieith no?auoaaiinoth: na?aae ni?oeiaioia i’yei?
ioaieoei — Iaiiaea?eee oa Lutescens 14662, y/iaith — Aaii? 2, a na?aae
aea/aieo aeeeeo oa aiaeaii/ieo aeaeia — K 29557 T. timopheevii, K 20364,
K 30090 T. monococcum, K 2682 Ae. biucialis, K 1810 Ae. cylingrica, K
1809 Ae. triucialis oa ii.

Iini? aaiia ph — mono 5B Favorit a oaeiae kr — Lutescens 430, Lutescens
427 oaeiae aeyaeeeny aei?aeie cia?yaeaeyie iiaeoeoei? nia?thaaiiy ca
?aooiie iiaeaeuaiiy /anoioe eii’thaaoei? o?iiinii aiiaieiai/ieo aaiiiia
o ia?oiio aeiaaeeo oa caieueoaiiy oaeaeeinoi ?inoo ieeeiaeo o?oaie — o
ae?oaiio. I?e/iio ooo oaeiae iaea iinoea niaoeeoi/iinoue ?o aei? ia
?icieo aaiaoe/ieo oiiao no?auoaaiiy, a oaeiae caeaaeiinoue aiae aeice
aaiia-noi?ani?ia.

?acoeueoaoe iaoeo aenia?eiaioia aeacothoue ia oa, ui noaoaaa
aia?eaeecaoeiy iiae oaeniiiii/ii aiaeaeaeaieie aeaeaie ceaeia oeieeii
iiaeeeaa, i?ioa iioa?an aei oei?? ?iaioe iiaea aooe ao?a/aiee, yeui
aia?eaeii i?aaiicie ia aoaeooue iaea?aeaii /a?ac iacaeaoiinoue ca?iiaie
i?i?inoaoe oa ?icaeaaoeny a ii?iaeueio ?ineeio. Ooo ie ia?ii ni?aao ua c
iaeii?th nenoaiith caoenoo aiae i?iieeiaiiy /oaea?iaeii? aaiaoe/ii?
iioi?iaoei? — ianoiiniinoth oaeniiiii/ii aiaeaeaeaieo ia?oia?ia /a?ac
iaoaiicie, eio?i caiaeyoueny, c iaeiiai aieo, aei iaaiaeiiaiaeiinoae a
oaiiao ?icaeoeo ca?iaeea oa aiaeinia?io i, c ae?oaiai, — aei
iai?eaeaoiinoi (oiene/iinoi) iaoaaieioia oeaiei iaoa?einueei? ?ineeie
aeey aeeaeaiiy ca?iaeea.

A aenia?eiaioaeueieo oiiaao ao?aoa caeaoiinoi ianiiiy ?icaeaaoeny
aoaeoeaii aeiea?oueny oeyoii ia?aiino iac?ieeo ca?iaeeia o e?eoe/ii
aoaie ?o ?icaeoeo ia ooo/ia iiaeeaia na?aaeiaeua, ui cia/ii ?icoe?th?
iiaeeeainoi aiaeaeaeaii? aia?eaeecaoei?.

E?eoe/ieie aoaiaie ?icaeoeo aia?eaeiiai ca?iaeea oa aiaeinia?io a iaoeo
aeineiaeaeaiiyo aoee ?icii aieiai oace ?icaeoeo, ye ia noaaei?
aeanoiia?ecaoei?, oae i i?aaiiaaiaco. I?e/iio, oa?aeoa? oa ii?a
ae?aaeaiinoi aiiiaeie aeey ?icieo eiiaiiaoeie no?auoaaiiy aeyaeeeny
aeineoue aeaeiniaoeeoi/ieie. Aieueoinoue ca?iaeeia aeioea ia ?aiiio
aoaiao ?icaeoeo, ineieueee aaea a i?ioeani ia?oeo iiaeieia eeioei
i?iyaeythoueny oaeoi?e aioaaiiicio iiae aeaiia aaiiiaie.

Iathoue iinoea ai?iaiaeii (r=0,63; P Ai?ei A.N. Iao?aaeeoeieii iaoiaee noai?aiiy naeaeoeieiiai iaoa?iaeo ioaieoei.- ?oeiien. Aeena?oaoeiy ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy aeieoi?a nieuenueeiainiiaea?nueeeo iaoe ca niaoeiaeueiinoth 06.01.05 naeaeoeiy oa ianiiieoeoai.- Iinoeooo caiea?ianoaa OAAI, Ee?a, 1999. Aiaei?aoeueiaaii oaoiieiai? i eaai?aoi?ii ?aaeaiaioe neioaco iio?ia?aneaieo oi?i ceaeia, oiii/iiai oa oice/iiai iooaaaiaco in vitro, aeiai?o oa ioeiiee aaiioeiia ioaieoei a nenoaiao in vitro ia noieeinoue aei eiiiooth/eo aaiioe/ieo oa aiioe/ieo oaeoi?ia ciaiioiueiai na?aaeiaeua. Aeineiaeaeaii niaeo?e ?aeiiaiiaioii? oa iooaoeieii? iiieeainoi, aecia/aii oaiaeaioei?, ni?yiiaaiinoue oa aaeoi?e no?aoaa?? aeiai?o naeaeoeieiiai iaoa?iaeo a ?ai?iaeoeoeaieo iieieiiiyo. Aeaeieaii iaoe?iee naeaeoeieiee iaoa?iae, noai?aii iaeei ni?o iceii?, ni?o y?iai? ioaieoei, i’youe ni?oia o?eoieaea, o?e ni?ai-noaeaieiai neioaoe/ii iiioeyoei?. Aeaa’youe c ieo aeeth/aii a Iaoeiiiaeueii ?a?no?e ni?oia Oe?a?ie oa ?ini?. Eeth/iai neiaa: ioaieoey, iac?iei ca?iaeee, iieiaei nooeaiooy, eaeonii eoeueoo?e, ?aaaia?aoeiy, iio?ia?aniy, iooaaaiac, eeioeiia naeaeoeiy, aiioe/ii oa aaiioe/ii oaeoi?e. AIIIOAOeEss TC "AIIIOAOeEss" Ae?ei A.N. Iao?aaeeoeeiiiua iaoiaeu nicaeaiey naeaeoeeiiiiai iaoa?eaea ioaieoeu.- ?oeiienue. Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie aeieoi?a naeueneioicyenoaaiiuo iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 06.01.05 - naeaeoeey e naiaiiaiaenoai. - Einoeooo caieaaeaeey OAAI, Eeaa 1999. A ?aieao eio?ia?anneaiie naeaeoeee io?aaaouaaeenue iaoiaeu i?aiaeieaiey iane?aueaaaiinoe e i?iyia?eiiaeueiuo aa?uea?ia ianiaianoeiinoe o ioaieoeu iooai iiaeai?a ?iaeeoaeueneeo eiiiiiaioia, auyaeaiey aaiioeiia n oi?ioae ne?aueaaaiinoueth, a oaeaea ca n/ao eniieueciaaiey yooaeoia kr-aaiia, ieacuaathueo aeeyiea ia ?ino iueueoeaauo o?oaie, e ph-aaiia, eiio?iee?othueo nia?eaaiea o?iiinii. Eco/aia n?aaieoaeueiay yooaeoeaiinoue nio?aiaiey e eeiiaeueiiai ?aciiiaeaiey ioaeaeaiiuo aea?eaeia io ne?aueaaiey ioaieoeu (Triticum aestivum L.) c oaeniiiie/anee ioaeaeaiiuie aeaeaie n eniieueciaaieai yia?eieoeueoo?u (auoiae ?anoaiee aei 100 %), a oaeaea /a?ac niiaoe/aneee yia?eiaaiac a eoeueoo?a iac?aeuo ca?iaeuoae e iieiaeuo nioeaaoee ( aei 50-70 ?anoaiee ia yenieaio). Enneaaeiaaia aaiaoe/aneay iaoneiaeaiiinoue ii?oiaaiiuo ?aaeoeee a eoeueoo?a in vitro, eo caaeneiinoue io noaaeee ?acaeoey yenieaioa e eiiiiiaioia ieoaoaeueiie n?aaeu. Auyaeaiu iioeiaeueiua e ii?iaiaua eiioeaio?aoeeiiiua, yeniiceoeeiiiua eioa?aaeu, a oaeaea aeiciaua iaa?ocee i?e ii?aaeaeaiee oneiaee i?aaeia?aaioie, ieoaoaeueiuo e naeaeoeaiuo n?aae. Oai?aoe/anee iainiiaaia e yenia?eiaioaeueii aeieacaia aiciiaeiinoue nouanoaaiiiai ?anoe?aiey niaeo?a, a oaeaea iiauoaiey /anoiou aaiaoe/anee aeinooiiie eciai/eainoe i?e eiaeoeoeee aa a nenoaiao in vitro oece/aneeie e oeie/aneeie iooaaaiaie (9-14 % aeey oeie/aneeo, 6-10 % aeey oece/aneeo iooaaaiia). Aeieacaii iaee/ea, ii?aaeaeai ?aciao e onoaiiaeaiu cia/aiey (2,5-5,2 %) niiaeeiiaeueiie eciai/eainoe o iyaeie ioaieoeu, i/a?/aiu ia?niaeoeau eniieueciaaiey aa a naeaeoeeiiiiaaiaoe/aneeo i?ia?aiiao. A oneiaeyo iiaeaee?iaaiey no?annia in vitro e in vivo enneaaeiaaiu iniaaiiinoe ?aaeoeee oeaiae e eeaoie ioaieoeu ia aeaenoaea naeaeoeaiuo oaeoi?ia aeioe/aneie e aaeioe/aneie i?e?iaeu, iieacaia niaoeeoeea ioaaoa eiie?aoiuo ni?oeiaioia. Onoaiiaeaiu e iioeiece?iaaiu aeeooa?aioee?othuea ?aaeeiu ne?eieiaa aaiioeiia ioaieoeu ii aaeioe/aneei oaeoi?ai aeey eaeeonia: 20 a/e NaCl, 60 a/e iaiieoiea e -12iN; a noniaiceiiiie eoeueoo?a eeaoie 0,1-0,4 I NaCl, 10-20 % IYA-6000 e 1-2 iI Al-YAeOA, a oaeaea 10-50 % eoeueoo?aeueiuo oeeueo?aoia oiene/aneeo iaoaaieeoia a?aaeiuo oeoiiaoiaaiia ia i?ioyaeaiee 4-o iaaeaeue. Yenia?eiaioaeueii aeieacaia aiciiaeiinoue iieo/aiey eeaoi/iuo eeiee ioaieoeu, onoie/eauo e ieceei oaiia?aoo?ai, iniioe/aneiio e eiiiiio no?annai, a oaeaea oieneiai oeoiiaoaaiia, eioi?ua nio?aiytho yoe ea/anoaa a ?yaeo ?ai?iaeoeoeaiuo iieieaiee. Eeth/aaua neiaa: ioaieoea, iac?aeua ca?iaeuoe, iieiaeua nioeaaoey, eaeeoniua eoeueoo?u, ?aaaia?aoeey, eio?ia?anney, iooaaaiac, eeaoi/iay naeaeoeey, aeioe/aneea e aaeioe/aneea oaeoi?u. ABSTRACT TC " ABSTRACT" Girko V.S. Non-traditional methods of making wheat breeding material. Manuscript. Dissertation for the degree of Doctor of Sciences in Agriculture (D Sc Agr) in the speciality 06.01.05 - according to breeding and seed production. - Institute of Agriculture of the UAAS (Ukrainian Academy of Agrarian Sciences), Kyiv, 1999. Technologies and laboratory regulations of synthesis of introgressive cereal forms, in vitro chemical and physical mutagenesis, selection and estimation of wheat genotypes in the systems in vitro for resistance to limiting abiotic and biotic factors of environment were mastered by practice. Ranges of recombinant and mutation variability were investigated; tendencies, trends and vectors of selection of breeding material in reproductive generations were defined. Vast breeding material was singled out, one winter wheat variety, one spring wheat variety, five triticale varieties were developed and three sorghum-Sudan grass synthetic populations were created. Nine of them are included in National Registers of Ukraine’s and Russia’s varieties. Key words: wheat, immature embryos, young inflorescences, callus cultures, regeneration, introgression, mutagenesis, cell selection, biotic and abiotic factors.     PAGE 3

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