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Неруйнівний контроль електромагнітних параметрів елементів і вузлів електродвигунів: Автореф. дис… канд. техн. наук / Ф.Ф. Лапцевич, Харк. держ. пол

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OA?E?ANUeEEE AeA?AEAAIEE IIE?OAOI?*IEE OI?AA?NEOAO

Eaioeaae/ Oae?en Oae?eniae/

OAeE 620.179

IA?OEI?AIEE EIIO?IEUe AEAEO?IIAAI?OIEO

IA?AIAO??A AEAIAIO?A ? AOCE?A AEAEO?IAeAEAOI?A

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 05.11.13 – i?eeaaee ? iaoiaee eiio?ieth

Aaoi?aoa?ao aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa oaoi?/ieo iaoe

Oa?e?a – 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiien

?iaioa aeeiiaia a Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao?
I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie.

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

Naaei Aaaeei Iaioae?eiae/,

Oa?e?anueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e i?eeaae?a oa iaoiae?a ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth.

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe: aeieoi? oaoi?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani?

A?otho Noai?neaa Oaaei?iae/,

Oa?e?anueea ?iaeaia?ii-iaaeaaia?/ia aeaaeai?y,

?aeoi?;

eaiaeeaeao oaoi?/ieo iaoe, aeioeaio

Nie?ieoeueeee Ai?en Aieiaeeie?iae/,

E?aiai/ooeueeee aea?aeaaiee iie?oaoi?/iee oi?aa?neoao,

aeioeaio eaoaae?e aaoiiaoecaoe?? ae?iaie/eo i?ioean?a oa ?iaioioaoi?ee.

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa: Aea?aeaaiee oi?aa?neoao “Euea?anueea iie?oaoi?ea”,
I?i?noa?noai ina?oe Oe?a?ie eaoaae?a “?ioi?iaoe?eiiaei??thaaeueia
oaoi?ea”, i. Euea?a.

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “18” eenoiiaaea 1999 ?. i 14 aiaeei? ia can?aeaii?
niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 64.050.09 o Oa?e?anueeiio aea?aeaaiiio
iie?oaoi?/iiio oi?aa?neoao? ca aae?anith: 310002, Oa?e?a, aoe. O?oica,
21.

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoenue o a?ae?ioaoe? Oa?e?anueeiai
aea?aeaaiiai iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo.

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaiee “15” aeiaoiy 1999 ?.

A/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ai?eoiia A.I.

CAAAEUeIA OA?AEOA?ENOEEA ?IAIOE

Aeooaeuei?noue oaie. O oeae /an aaaeeeaa i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaaoaathoue
iaoiaee ? i?eeaaee aeey ia?oeioth/iai eiio?ieth aeaiaio?a ? aoce?a
i?eno?i?a aia?aaoe/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy.

Iniaeeaee ?ioa?an a oeueiio ieai? iathoue ieoaiiy ?icaeoeo ?
aaeineiiaeaiiy i?eeaae?a aeey oaoi?/ii? ae?aaiinoeee ae?ia?a
iaai?oii?iaiae?a aeaeo?e/ieo aeaeaoi?a, aaia?aoi??a, aei??thaaeueieo
o?ainoi?iaoi??a no?oio ? iai?oae, neeiaeo o?ainoi?iaoi??a, ?aea ? ?io.
i?eeaae?a. Aoaeoeaiee eiio?ieue ? ?ica?aeiaea iaai?oii?iaiae?a ca
iaai?oieie ia?aiao?aie oaeeo i?eno?i?a aeicaiey? cia/iith i??ith
iie?ioeoe ye?noue aeaioiaeaiiy ae?ia?a, i?aeaeueoe ?o iaae?ei?noue ?,
naia aieiaia, ca?eueoeoe eiao?oe??io ei?enii? ae?? aia?aaoe/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy.

Ia aeaiee ia??iae iniaeeaa oaaaa i?eae?ey?oueny aeaeo?iiaai?oiiio
eiio?ieth ia?aiao??a ? oa?aeoa?enoee caieiaieo oa?iiaai?oieo ?
neaaiiaai?oieo nooe?eueieo ? oeooiaaieo ae?ia?a ? c?ace?a, ine?eueee
aiie a iniiaiiio ? aeaiaioaie ? aoceaie aeacaieo i?eno?i?a, ui
aeei?enoiaothoueny a aia?aaoe/iiio iaeaaeiaii?.

sseui ?ic?ieiai? c?acee aoaeoeaii aeei?enoiaothoueny a iniiaiiio a
caieiaieo iaai?oieo eaioethaao (a oae caaieo ia?iaaiao?ao), oi caieiai?
ae?iae nai? ii nia? i?aaenoaaeythoue caieiaiee iaai?oiee eaioetha ? ?o
iaiioee iiaeooue aooe aeeth/ai? aaciina?aaeiuei o aei??thaaeueiee oa
iaiaai?/oaaeueiee eaioetha onoaiiaee. Eiio?ieue iaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee
caieiaieo c?ace?a ? ae?ia?a ia? iaeio aaaeeeao iniaeea?noue, yea iieyaa?
a oiio, ui ana?aaeei? ia’?eoa aeine?aeaeaiiy iai?oaeai?noue iaai?oiiai
iiey iaiaeii??aeia ii ?aae?aeuei?e oe?ei? ae?iao, a oea, i?e?iaeii aaaea
aei ua a?eueo neeaaeii? iaiaeii??aeiino? iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe?? (aai
iaiaai?/aiino?), yea aei oiai ae ia? iae?i?eio caeaaei?noue a?ae
iai?oaeaiino? iaai?oiiai iiey. Ana oea noai?th? iaaecia/ai?noue
aei??yieo e?eaeo iaiaai?/aiiy ? iaoaeue a?noa?acena, ine?eueee ia
aioo??oiueiio ?aae?on? e?eueoeaaiai c?acea iaai?oia oa?aeoa?enoeea iiaea
aooe aeiaaaeaia aei iane/aiiy, a ia ciai?oiueiio ?aae?on? iaai?oia
?iaeoeoe?y iiaea aooe ia ni?eyoeeaeo ae?eueieoeyo e?eai? iaiaai?/aiiy. O
?nioth/?e e?oa?aoo?? iaaeinoaoiuei i?eae?ey?oueny oaaaa oeei ieoaiiyi a
i?ioean? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai eiio?ieth caieiaieo c?ace?a. A?aeii?
aeae?eueea ?ia?o, a yeeo ioe?ith?oueny aieea ia ?acoeueoaoe eiio?ieth
?aae?aeueii? iaiaeii??aei?noue iaai?oiiai iiey a caieiaiiio
iaai?oiiyaeiio c?aceo ? aeathoueny ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeai?o ?ici???a oaeiai
c?acea. Iaeiae ?noioia ??ciiiai?oi?noue e?eaeo iaai?oieo ?iaeoeoe?e
oa?iiaai?oieo iaoa??ae?a (ii/eiath/e a?ae a?iei-cae?ca ? e?i/ath/e
nieaaaie oeio ia?iaeie), a oaeiae e?eaeo iaiaai?/aiino?
neaaioa?iiaai?oieo iaoa??ae?a (oaeeo, ye ia?aiaai?oiee /aaoi,
ia?aeaa?th/? noae? oeio O18I10O, II-3, eaooi? ? ?io.) aeiaaathoue
iiaeaeueoiai aeeaieiai aea/aiiy ? ooi/iaiiy ieoaiue ?aoe?iiaeueiiai
aeai?o ?ici???a caieiaieo c?ace?a ia iniia? ei?aeoiiai iae?eo
iaiaeii??aeiino? iaai?oiiai iiey a c?aceao, aeeiiaieo c ??cieo
iaoa??ae?a ? ui iathoue ?noioii a?aei?ii? iaeei a?ae iaeiiai e?ea?
?iaeoeoe?? ? iaiaai?/aiino?.

Oaeei /eiii, c iaoith io?eiaiiy aeinoia??ieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue, iia’ycaieo
c o?aooaaiiyi iaiaeii??aeiino? iaai?oiiai iiey ii ?aae?aeuei?e oe?ei?
c?acea (ae?iaa) ? iae?i?eiino? e?eai? iaiaai?/aiiy iaiao?aeii
a?aoiaoaaoe iiaeeea?noue ei?aeoe?? iaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee caieiaiiai
ia’?eoa ia iniia? io?eiaiiai ieae/a e?eoa??th eaaceiaeii?iaeiino?
iaai?oiiai iiey o ae?ia?. Aaaaeaiiy oaeiai e?eoa??th oeyoii io?eiaiiy
ni?aa?aeiioaiue aeey iaoiaee/ii? iioeaee aeicaieeei a ?aoe?iiaeueii
aea?aoe ?ici??e c?ace?a ? ae?ia?a, a, ioaea, ? ?io? ia?aiao?e
aei??thaaeueiiai oa iaiaai?/oaaeueiiai eaioetha?a ia’?eoo eiio?ieth, a
oaeiae iao?ieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee iaai?oiaei??thaaeueii? onoaiiaee.

Ana oea i?eaiaeeoue aei aeooaeueii? caaea/? noai?aiiy iiaeo oei?a
onoaiiaie aeey ia?oei?aiiai eiio?ieth iaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee ?
ia?aiao??a aeaiaio?a ? aoce?a caieiaieo iaai?oii?iaiae?a aia?aaoe/iiai
iaeaaeiaiiy ?, cie?aia, ae?ia?a: noaoi??a ? ?ioi??a aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a,
aaia?aoi??a, e?eaoeue i?aeoeiiee?a, ei?ion?a, ieanoei o?ainoi?iaoi??a ?
?io. aeaoaeae.

Ca’ycie ?iaioe c iaoeiaeie i?ia?aiaie, ieaiaie, oaiaie. ?iaioa
aeeiioaaeany a?aeiia?aeii aei I?iaeoo, yeee i?ieoia eiieo?n Aea?aeaaiiai
eii?oaoo iaoee ? oaoiieia?e (AEIO) oaia EI6108 ca?aeii c Iaeacii AEIO
?15 a?ae 01.03.1993 i., iai?yi 5.1.6 oa?i?i 1993-1996, a oaeiae ii
oaiao, ui i?ieoee eiieo?ne I?i?noa?noaa ina?oe Oe?a?ie: I5203;
eii?aeeiaoe?eiee ieai ?48, Iaeac ?37 a?ae 13.02.96 (oa?i?i ae??
1996-1999 ?. i.) ? oaia I5202 Iaeac Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
iie?oaoi?/iiai oi?aa?neoaoo (OAIO) ?377 ??? a?ae 17.04.1997 i. (oa?i?i
1997-1998 ?. i.)

Iaoa ? caaea/? aeine?aeaeaiiy – oea ?ic?iaea ? aeine?aeaeaiiy iaoiaeeee
?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a onoaiiaee aeey eiio?ieth iaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee
aeaiaio?a ? aoce?a aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a ? ?ioeo aia?aaoe/ieo i?eno?i?a ia
iniia? e?eoa??th eaaceiaeii?iaeiiai iaai?oiiai iiey ana?aaeei? caieiaieo
c?ace?a ? ae?ia?a, a oaeiae aeei?enoaiiy oi?aa?naeueieo iaai?oieo
aeao/ee?a aeey iiiia?aoe?eiiai eiio?ieth.

Aeey aeinyaiaiiy iinoaaeaii? iaoe iaiao?aeii aoei ae??oeoe ianooii?
caaea/?:

– io?eiaoe ae?ace o aeaeyae? ?yae?a Oaeei?a c ??cieie iaaeeaeaiiyie aeey
aecia/aiiy iaai?oiiai iioieo ana?aaeei? caieiaiiai c?acea c o?aooaaiiyi
iaiaeii??aeiino? iaai?oiiai iiey ? iae?i?eiino? e?eai? iaiaai?/aiiy;

– aecia/eoe oi?ioee aeey ?ic?aooieo eaaceiaeii??aeii? iaai?oii?
?iaeoeoe?? a oa?iiaai?oiiio caieiaiiio c?aceo ? eaaceiaeii??aeii?
iaiaai?/aiino? iaoa??aeo neaaiiaai?oiiai c?acea;

– io?eiaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey iaoiaee/ii? iioeaee, coiiaeaii?
iaiaeii??aei?noth iaai?oiiai iiey ? iae?i?ei?noth e?eaeo iaiaai?/aiiy
caieiaieo oa?iiaai?oieo ? neaaiiaai?oieo c?ace?a. Ia iniia? oe???
iioeaee aaanoe e?eoa??e eaaceiaeii??aeiino? (aai neaai?
iaiaeii??aeiino?) iaai?oiiai iiey a caieiaiiio c?aceo;

– ca aeiiiiiaith oaeiai e?eoa??th ?ic?iaeoe iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo
aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a caieiaiiai c?acea;

– ia iniia? io?eiaieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue aeey iaoiaee/ii? iioeaee ?
aaaaeaiiai e?eoa??th neaai? iaiaeii??aeiino? iaai?oiiai iiey noai?eoe
iaoiaeeeo a?aeiiaeaiiy eaaceiaeii??aeieo e?eaeo iaai?oieo ?iaeoeoe?e ?
iaiaai?/aiinoae iaoa??ae?a caieiaieo c?ace?a;

– ?icaeyiooe iaoiaeeeo ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a aeaeo?e/ieo eaioetha?a
iaiaai?/oaaeueieo ? aei??thaaeueieo iaiioie caieiaieo c?ace?a onoaiiaee,
ui i?aoeth? ia iino?eiiio no?oi?;

– ciaeoe e?eoa??? i??e i?iiaai?/oaaiiy oa??i- ? neaaiiaai?oieo
nooe?eueieo c?ace?a i?e i?iieeiaii? a ieo ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey,
a oaeiae i?e aeeooc?? a oiie? ieanoeie ? oeee?iae?e/i? ae?iae
neioni?aeaeueiiai iaai?oiiai iiey;

– aeaoe iien onoaiiaie aeey aecia/aiiy noaoe/ieo ? aeeiai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee caieiaieo oa?i- ? neaaiiaai?oieo c?ace?a, ?ic?aoiaaieo ii
?ic?iaeaiei e?eoa??yi ? io?eiaieo oi?ioeao;

– i?eaanoe eiie?aoi? i?eeeaaee a?aeiiaeaiiy eaaceiaeii??aeieo
oa?aeoa?enoee oa?i- ? neaaiiaai?oieo caieiaieo c?ace?a, aeeiiaieo c
aeaeo?ioaoi?/ieo noaeae, ia?aeaa?th/eo noaeae ? ia?aiaai?oieo /aaoi?a ii
aenia?eiaioaeueiei e?eaei ?iaeoeoe?? ? iaiaai?/aiino? oeo aea c?ace?a,
aei??yieo a iaiaeii??aeieo ii ?aae?ono iaai?oieo iieyo;

– io?eiaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey ?ic?aooieo aia?aoo?ieo iioeaie
aei??thaaiiy iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe??, iai?oaeaiino? iaai?oiiai iiey ?
iaai?oii? i?iieeiino? i?e aei?iaoaaiiyo caieiaieo c?ace?a a iino?eieo ?
ci?iieo iaai?oieo iieyo; i?iaanoe ?ic?aooiee oaeeo iioeaie aei??thaaiiy
iaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee eiie?aoieo c?ace?a;

– ?ic?iaeoe eiino?oeoe?? oi?aa?naeueieo aeaeo?iiaai?oieo aeao/ee?a aeey
iiiia?aoe?eiiai eiio?ieth noaoi?ieo ieanoei (iiiaeeiieeo ? a iaai??),
aioiaeo noaoi??a aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a ? e?eaoeue i?aeoeiiee?a, i?aoethth/eo
a ioieiaeaeoaaeueieo nenoaiao aia?aaoe/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy; i?eaanoe
ni?aa?aeiioaiiy ui iienothoue ?iaioo oaeeo aeao/ee?a ia iino?eiiio ?
ci?iiiio no?oi?, io?eiaoe ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey iioeaee, iia’ycaii? c
iaoi/i?noth onoaiiaee c?acea ia iaai?oii?ia?ae aeao/eea;

– ?icaeyiooe aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? i?eno?i? aeey eiio?ieth c aenieith
/ooeea?noth aei ci?ie iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe?? a ieanoeiao noaoi?a ? ieoiii?
aeaeo?e/ii? i?ia?aeiino? iaoa??aeo i?ia?aeiee?a a?ey/i? ee?oee ?ioi?a
aeaeo?iaeaeaoia;

– ia iniia? ?acoeueoao?a iiiia?aoe?eiiai aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai eiio?ieth
nieiie ? coaoe?a ieanoei noaoi??a, naieo ieanoei, aioiaeo noaoi??a aeaoe
i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? iie?ioaiiy oaoiieia?? aeaioiaeaiiy aeaiaio?a ?
aoce?a iaai?oii?iaiae?a aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a.

Iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiue, canoiniaai? a ?iaio?, caniiaai? ia aeei?enoaii?
oai??? aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai iiey, aeaeo?iaeeiai?ee nooe?eueieo na?aaeiaeu,
noaiaiaaeo ?yae?a, ?ioaa?aeueiiai ? aeeoa?aioe?aeueiiai /eneaiiy,
aia?aoo niaoe?aeueieo ooieoe?e, iaoiae?a ?ic?aooieo aeaeo?e/ieo ?
iaai?oieo eaioetha?a, oai??? iioeaie aei??thaaiue.

Iaoeiaa iiaecia iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui:

– io?eiai? oi?ioee o aeaeyae? noaiaiaaeo ?yae?a Oaeei?a c ??ciith i??ith
iaaeeaeaiiy aeey aecia/aiiy iaai?oiiai iioieo ana?aaeei? caieiaiiai
c?acea c o?aooaaiiyi iaiaeii??aeiino? iaai?oiiai iiey ? iae?i?eiino?
e?eai? iaiaai?/aiiy;

– aecia/ai? ae?ace aeey eaaceiaeii??aeii? iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe?? a
oa?iiaai?oiiio caieiaiiio c?aceo ? eaaceiaeii??aeio iaiaai?/ai?noue
iaoa??aeo neaaiiaai?oiiai c?acea; oe? ae?ace aeeth/athoue a naaa
?acoeueoaoe aei??yieo cia/aiue iaai?oieo ?iaeoeoe?e ? iaiaai?/aiinoae o
?aaeueiiio, iaiaeii??aeiiio iaai?oiiio iie? caieiooeo c?ace?a;

– io?eiai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey iaoiaee/ii? iioeaee, coiiaeaii?
iaiaeii??aei?noth iaai?oiiai iiey ? iae?i?ei?noth e?eaeo ?iaeoeoe?? ?
iaiaai?/aiiy caieiaieo oa?iiaai?oieo ? neaaiiaai?oieo c?ace?a ? ae?ia?a;

– aaaaeaii e?eoa??e neaai? iaiaeii?aeiino? iaai?oiiai iiey a caieiaiiio
c?aceo, ui iieyaa? a ii??aiyii? ?aaeueii? ? aeiionoeii? iaoiaee/ieo
iioeaie;

– cai?iiiiiaaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo aaiiao?e/ieo ia?aiao??a
oa?iiaai?oiiai (iaai?oii’yeiai) ? neaaioa?iiaai?oiiai e?eueoeaaiai
c?acea ia iniia? aaaaeaiiai e?eoa??th eaaceiaeii??aeiino? iaai?oiiai
iiey acaeiaae ?aae?aeueii? oe?eie c?acea;

– ca aeiiiiiaith io?eiaieo ni?aa?aeiioaiue aeey iaoiaee/ii? iioeaee ?
aaaaeaiiai e?eoa??th noai?aia iaoiaeeea a?aeiiaeaiiy eaaceiaeii??aeieo
e?eaeo iaai?oieo ?iaeoeoe?e ? iaiaai?/aiinoae iaoa??ae?a caieiaieo
c?ace?a ? ae?ia?a;

– ?ic?iaeaia iaoiaeeea ?ic?aooieo ia?aiao??a aeaeo?e/ieo eaioetha?a
iaiaai?/oaaeueieo ? aei??thaaeueieo iaiioie caieiaieo c?ace?a onoaiiaee,
ui i?aoeth? ia iino?eiiio no?oi?;

– anoaiiaeai? e?eoa??? i?aeoe/ii iiaiiai i?iiaai?/oaaiiy nooe?eueieo
c?ace?a i?e i?iieeiaii? a ieo ?iioeueniiai iaai?oiiai iiey, a oaeiae
oiieeo ieanoei ? oeee?iae?e/ieo ae?ia?a i?e aeeooc?? a ieo
neioni?aeaeueiiai iaai?oiiai iiey;

– iaaaaeaii iiene onoaiiaie aeey aecia/aiiy noaoe/ieo ? aeeiai?/ieo
oa?aeoa?enoee caieiaieo oa?i- ? neaaiiaai?oieo c?ace?a, ye? ?ic?aoiaaii
ca ?ic?iaeaieie e?eoa??yie ? io?eiaieo oi?ioeao;

– iaaaaeai? i?eeeaaee a?aeiiaeaiiy eaaceiaeii??aeieo oa?aeoa?enoee
eiie?aoieo oa?i- ? neaaiiaai?oieo caieiaieo c?ace?a ca
aenia?eiaioaeueieie e?eaeie ?iaeoeoe?? ? iaiaai?/aiino? oeo aea c?ace?a,
aei??yieo a iaiaeii??aeieo ii ?aae?ono iaai?oieo iieyo;

– io?eiai? ae?ace aeey ?ic?aooieo aia?aoo?ieo iioeaie aei??thaaiiy
iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe??, iai?oaeaiino? iaai?oiiai iiey ? iaai?oii?
i?iieeiino? caieiaieo c?ace?a ui aei?iaiaothoueny a iino?eieo ? ci?iieo
iaai?oieo iieyo; iaaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee oaeeo iioeaie;

– ?ic?iaeai? eiino?oeoe?? oi?aa?naeueieo aeaeo?iiaai?oieo aeao/ee?a aeey
iiiia?aoe?eiiai eiio?ieth noaoi?ieo ieanoei (iiiaeeiieeo ? a iaai??),
aioiaeo noaoi??a aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a ? e?eaoeue i?aeoeiiee?a, ye?
i?aoeththoue a ioieiaeaeoaaeueieo nenoaiao aia?aaoe/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy;

– ?icaeyioo? aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? i?eno?i? aeey eiio?ieth c aenieith
/ooeea?noth aei ci?ie iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe?? a ieanoeiao noaoi?a ? ieoiii?
aeaeo?e/ii? i?ia?aeiino? iaoa??aeo i?ia?aeiee?a a?ey/i? ee?oee ?ioi?a
aeaeo?iaeaeaoia;

-ae?iaeai? i?aeoe/i? ?aeiiaiaeaoe?? aeaioiaeaiiy aeaiaio?a ? aoce?a
aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a, ui aeicaieythoue iie?ioeoe ye?noue i?iaeoeoe??, yea
aeionea?oueny.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy iaea?aeaieo ?acoeueoao?a ?iaioe iieyaa? a oiio, ui
ciaeaeai? ni?aa?aeiioaiiy, anoaiiaeai? e?eoa???, noai?ai? iaoiaeeee
?ic?aooie?a iniiaieo oa?aeoa?enoee ? a?aeiiaeaiiy eaaceiaeii??aeieo
iaai?oieo ia?aiao??a, a oaeiae ?ic?iaeai? oi?aa?naeuei? aeao/eee ?
aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? i?eno?i?, ui aeicaieythoue i?iaeooaaoe onoaiiaee aeey
aeaeo?iiaai?oiiai eiio?ieth caieiaieo oa?i- ? neaaiiaai?oieo c?ace?a ?
aecia/aoe iao?ieia?/i? oa?aeoa?enoeee (ae?aiaciie aei??thaaiiy iaai?oieo
ia?aiao??a, iioeaee aei??thaaiue; /ooeea?noue aeao/ee?a aei oaeeo
ia?aiao??a ? ?io.), aea?aoe aei??thaaeuei? i?eeaaee ? anoaiiaeoe
iioeiaeuei? ?aaeeie ?iaioe onoaiiaie c oi/ee ci?o aeinyaiaiiy iaeeo
iioeaie ? aeniei? /ooeeaino?.

?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?eii? ?iaioe (iaoiaeeee, ni?aa?aeiioaiiy,
e?eoa???, oi?aa?naeuei? aeao/eee, aeeoa?aioe?aeuei? i?eno?i?) aoee
ai?iaaaeaeai? ia i?aei?e?inoa? AAO “Aeaeo?iiioi?”, i. Iieoaaa ? ia
i?aei?e?inoa? AAO “Aei?i?iiao?ianueeee aeaeo?iiaoai?/iee caaiae”, i.
Aei?i?iiao?ianuee.

Iniaenoee aianie caeiaoaa/a iieyaa? o ianooiiiio:

-cae?eniaiiy aei??thaaiue iaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee noaoi?ieo ieanoei
(iiiaeeiieeo) ? a iaai??;

-cai?iiiiiaaii oaoiieia?th cae?aiiy noaoi?a aeaeo?iaeaeaoia, yeui
a?aeii? iaai?oi? oa?aeoa?enoeee eiaeii? ieanoeie;

-io?eiaiiy oi?ioe aeey aecia/aiiy iaai?oiiai iioieo a caieiaiiio c?aceo,
eaaceiaeii??aeii? iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe??, iaoiaee/ii? iioeaee, coiiaeaii?
iaiaeii??aei?noth iaai?oiiai iiey a c?aceo, ?ic?aooiie ?ici???a c?acea;

-c aeiiiiiaith ?ic?iaeaieo iaoiaeee eiio?ieth caieiaieo oa?iiaai?oieo
c?ace?a, cai?iiiiiaaii eiio?iethaaoe noai i?aeoeiiee?a;

-io?eiaii ni?aa?aeiioaiiy aeey aiie?ooaee a.?.n. o?ainoi?iaoi?iiai
ia?aoai?thaa/a c oa?iiaai?oiith ieanoeiith ? ciaeaeaii ca’ycie oe???
a.?.n. c iaoai?/iei iai?oaeaiiyi a ieanoei?, i?eaaaeai? ?ic?aooiee
a?aaeo??iai/ieo oa?aeoa?enoee ia?aoai?thaa/a;

-?ic?iaea ooieoe?iiaeueii? noaie onoaiiaee aeey iaai?oieo aei?iaoaaiue,
ia?iaea ?acoeueoao?a eiio?ieth ? iaaiai?aiiy ?o;

-cai?iiiiiaaii aeei?enoaiiy iaoiaeeee aecia/aiiy aeaeo?iiaai?oieo
ia?aiao??a aeaiaio?a aneio?iiiiai aeaeaoia c iaoith io?eiaiiy aioiaiai
ae?iao c iie?auaiieie oa?aeoa?enoeeaie.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?acoeueoao?a aeena?oaoe??. Iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe
aeiiia?aeaeenue ia:

– I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “?ioi?iaoe?ei?
oaoiieia??: iaoea; oaoi?ea, oaoiieia?y, ina?oa, caei?ia’y”, I?oeieueoe
(Oai?ueia)-Iaaaeaao?a (I?ia//eia), 1998 ?.;

– Oe?a?inuee?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “I?iaeaie
aaoiiaoeciaaiiai aeaeo?ii?eaiaeo. Oai??y ? i?aeoeea”, Aeoooa, E?ei, 1998
?.;

– I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Neeiaa aeaeo?ii?ea
aia?aiaoaeoeai?noue” (NYY-98), Aeoooa, E?ei, 1998 ?.;

– 1?e I?aeia?iaei?e iaoeiai-oaoi?/i?e eiioa?aioe?? “Iao?ieia?y a
iaoai?oe?”, Oa?e?a, 1998 ?.

Ioae?eaoe??: iniiai? ?acoeueoaoe aeena?oaoe?? iioae?eiaai? a 7 iaoeiaeo
?iaioao, a oiio /ene? iaeei iaoaio Oe?a?ie oa aaoi?nueea na?aeionoai ia
aeiao?ae, a oaeiae a 4 iaoa??aeao eiioa?aioe?e.

No?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny ?c anooio, /ioe?ueio
?icae?e?a, caeeth/aiiy, nieneo e?oa?aoo?e c 111 iaeiaioaaiue oa
aeiaeaoe?a, aeeeaaeaieo ia 211 noi??ieao. ?iaioa i?i?ethno?iaaia 26
iaethieaie, 10 oaaeeoeyie ? aeiaeaoeaie ia 21 noi??ioe?.

CI?NO ?IAIOE

O anooii?e /anoei? iaa?oioiaaia aeooaeuei?noue oaie aeine?aeaeaiue,
iieacaia i?aeoe/ia ni?yiiaai?noue ?iaioe a ??cieo aaeocyo i?iieneiaino?,
iaoee ? oaoi?ee, a?aei?/aia iiaecia aeena?oaoe??, noi?ioeueiaaia iaoa ?
caaea/? oai?aoe/ieo ? aenia?eiaioaeueieo aeine?aeaeaiue, iieacaii
iniaenoee aianie aaoi?a aeena?oaoe?? a ?acoeueoaoe ?iaioe, i?eaaaeaia
no?oeoo?a aeena?oaoe??.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ?nioth/eo iaoiae?a ? i?eno?i?a aeey
aecia/aiiy iaai?oieo ia?aiao??a ? oa?aeoa?enoee iaai?oii’yeeo
iaoa??ae?a, c?ace?a ? ae?ia?a a iino?eieo ? ci?iieo iaai?oieo iieyo.
Iieacaii, ui ine?eueee iaai?oii?iaiaee a?eueoino? i?eno?i?a
aia?aaoe/iiai iaeaaeiaiiy, (ieanoeie noaoi??a aeaeo?iaeaeaoi?a,
aaia?aoi??a, o?ainoi?iaoi??a, ?aea ? ?io.) ? caieiaieie, oi aeioe?eueii
?icaeyaeaoe a aeena?oaoe?ei?e ?iaio? c?acee ? ae?iae oaeiai oeio.

A?aei?/a?oueny iniiaia ia?aaaaa caieiaieo iaai?oii?iaiae?a, yea iieyaa?
a oiio, ui oae? ae?iae oa?i- ? neaaiiaai?oi? aeicaieythoue io?eiaoe
iaai?oi? oa?aeoa?enoeee (e?ea? iaai?oii? ?iaeoeoe?? ? iaiaai?/ai?noue)
aaciina?aaeiuei iaoa??aeo ae?iao. Aeacaii ? iaaeie?e oaeeo c?ace?a, ui
iieyaa? a iaiaeii??aeiiio ?iciiae?e? iai?oaeaiino? iaai?oiiai iiey,
?iaeoeoe?? ii oe?ei? c?acea.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?icaeyioo? ieoaiiy iae?eo aieeao iaiaeii??aeiino?
?iciiae?eo iai?oaeaiino? iaai?oiiai iiey acaeiaae ?aae?aeueii? oe?eie
e?eueoeaaiai oa?iiaai?oiiai ? neaaiiaai?oiiai c?ace?a, a oaeiae aieeao
iae?i?eiino? e?eai? ?iaeoeoe?? ? iaiaai?/aiino? ia ?acoeueoaoe eiio?ieth
iaai?oieo oa?aeoa?enoee aeacaieo c?ace?a.

Ia iaethieo iieacaii e?eueoeaaee iaai?oiee c?acie c iaiaai?/oaaeueio
iaiioeith. Iicia/aiiy ia iaethieo: (i, (a e (0 – ciai?oi?e, aioo??oi?e ?
na?aaei?e ?aae?one c?acea; ; 2( e h – ?aae?aeueia oe?eia ? aenioa
c?acea; O – iaai?oiee iio?e ana?aaeei? c?acea; I – no?oi iaiioee, ui
iaiaai?/o?; X ? Y – aeaea?oiaa nenoaia eii?aeeiao. sseui i?eeiyoe, ui
O

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