Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

CAIINUeEA-AeAIENTHE

Eany Eaii?ae?aia

OAeE 807.25.5

IA?AAOEss?I? ssAEUA A NENOAI? Ae??NEIAA

AeAAIUeIA?AOeUeEI? IIAE EEANE*IIAI IA??IAeO

(OOIEOe?IIAEUeII-NAIAIOE*IEE ANIAEO)

Niaoe?aeuei?noue 10.02.14 —

eeane/i? iiae. Ie?ai? ?iaei?a?iiaenuee? iiae

Aaoi?aoa?ao

aeena?oaoe?? ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy

eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo iaoe

Ee?a — 1999

Aeena?oaoe?y ? ?oeiienii

?iaioa aeeiiaia ia eaoaae?? caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa oa eeane/ii?
o?eieia?? Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea

Iaoeiaee ea??aiee — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Nai/einueeee
Noai?neaa Aieiaeeie?iae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa

oa eeane/ii? o?eieia?? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana

Oaa/aiea

Io?oe?ei? iiiiaioe — aeieoi? o?eieia?/ieo iaoe, i?ioani? Oa?eie?i
Na?a?e sseiae/, caa?aeoaa/ naeoe?? noa?iaeaaiuei? ?noi??? oa
aioe/ii?

eoeueoo?e Ieueooeinueei? Aeui?
iaaeaaia?/ii? oeiee

—eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe,
aeioeaio Iaaeaiei Eaii?ae

Aaneeueiae/, caa?aeoaa/ eaoaae?e
a?aoeueei? o?eieia??

Neioa?iiieuenueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

I?ia?aeia onoaiiaa — eaoaae?a ?noi??? ca?oa?aeii? e?oa?aoo?e oa
eeane/ii?

o?eieia?? Oa?e?anueeiai aea?aeaaiiai
oi?aa?neoaoo

Caoeno a?aeaoaeaoueny “ 20 ” o?aaiy 1999 ?. i 14
aiae. ia can?aeaii?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee Ae 26.001.19 a Ee?anueeiio oi?aa?neoao?
?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252033, i. Ee?a, aoeueaa? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, 14, e.
63)

C aeena?oaoe??th iiaeia iciaeiieoeny a a?ae?ioaoe? Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea (252017, i. Ee?a, aoe.
Aieiaeeie?nueea, 58, e. 10)

Aaoi?aoa?ao ?ic?neaii “ 19 ” ea?oiy 1999 ?.

O/aiee nae?aoa?

niaoe?ae?ciaaii? a/aii? ?aaee,

eaiaeeaeao o?eieia?/ieo iaoe
E.?.Oaoiaa

O aeaaiueia?aoeuee?e iia? eiaeia oi?iaeueii oeiiaa yaeua ii?aeiaia c ia
iaioith ianith ia?aaoey?ieo oaeo?a, aac ?icoi?iiy yeeo iaiiaeeeaa
aeineiiaea aea/aiiy a?aiaoe/ii? nenoaie, ni?eeiyooy ?? oe?e?niith ?
c?icoi?eith. Eia?/ia ?icoi?iiy iacae/iiai aeey oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iiai
i?aeoiaeo yaeua noai?th? ?aeeio ea?oeio aioo??oi?o caeiiii??iinoae ?
ca’yce?a nenoaie iiae acaaae? e ae??neiaa cie?aia. ?acoeueoaoe
niinoa?aaeaiue ca yaeuaie aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae ?ice?eaathoue
niaoeeo?eo oe??? iiae ii??aiyii c ?ioeie ?iaei?a?iiaenueeeie iiaaie, ui
aeicaiey? i?iaaaeeoe iiaeaeueo? caaaeueiiiiaiciaa/? aeine?aeaeaiiy ye
neioaoe/ieo, oae ? aiae?oe/ieo iia.

Caaaeueiiiiaiciaa/? aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie ae??neiaa a i?aoeyo
E.Aaea?iaaaey, ss.Naoa?aae/a, ?.Eo?eeiae/a, A.A.?aaiiaa, A.Iae?,
A.Aaiaai?noa, I.I.Naa/aiea, E.I.O?iinueeiai, I.?.I?uai?iiaa, E.Aaoe?ina
iiaeia aaaaeaoe caaaeueiioai?aoe/iei i?ae??oioyi aeaiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.
Aniaeoieia?/i? i?iaeaie, iaae ae??oaiiyi yeeo ie?aeii i?aoethaaa
TH.C.Ianeia, aaciina?aaeiuei oi?eathoueny caaaeaiue i?iiiiiaaii? ?iaioe.

Aeey aeaai?o iia, ye cacia/a? I.I.Aooiai, oa?aeoa?ia “ia’?iia
nenoaii?noue, no?ieao?noue a?aiaoe/ieo ia?aaeeai, ??cia aaeaioi?noue
iiaeaeae”. Nenoaii? oa anenoaii? yaeua a iia? ?icaeyaeaeeny A.A.Aaeiii?,
O. Aeaieoei, I.I.Iaeianueeei, TH.?.Eeneaieii oa ?ioeie aeine?aeieeaie,
ui aeicaieeei aecia/eoe e?eoa??? nenoaiiiai iaoiaeo no/aniiai
iiaiciaanoaa aeey iiae?eo yaeu aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae ia ?aaoey?i? oa
ia?aaoey?i? e aeei?enoaoe oai?aoe/i? canaaee aeey aecia/aiiy
aioo??oiuei? i?aai?caoe?? inoaii?o.

A iniiao ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiai i?aeoiaeo aei ?icaeyaeo
eaoaai??aeueieo yaeu aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai ae??neiaa iieeaaeaii iiaeyaee
caniiaieea ooieoe?iiaeueii? a?aiaoeee I.A.Aiiaea?ea oa aeine?aeaeaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueii iaoiiaeaiiai ca’yceo ii?oieia?/ieo ? neioaene/ieo
eaoaai??e o i?aoeyo I.O.Ein?aa, I.I.Ioo?ia, I.I.Aooiai, O.A.Aoeea?ii? oa
?ioeo iiaiciaaoe?a.

ssaeua a?aoeueei? ii?oieia?? oa neioaeneno aoee i?aaeiaoii ??oioiaiiai
aiae?co a i?aoeyo E.A?oaiaiia, ?.Ethia?a, A.Oa?oea?a, O. Aoooiaiia,
I.Oaio?aia, ?.Ooaey, A.Aeaeuea?thea, E. Iae??a oa oe?ei? ieayaee
aecia/ieo o?eieia?a-eeanee?a O?O — ii/. OO noie?oue. Ie?ai? ieoaiiy
aeaaiueiaee?i?noeee ? aaciina?aaeiuei aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai ae??neiaa,
iia’ycai? c i?iaeaiaoeeith iaoiai aeine?aeaeaiiy, ?icaeyaeaeeny
I.I.Naa/aieii, ?.A.Ia?aeueiooa?ii, N.ss.Oa?eie?iei, O.A.A?i?a?a?ai?,
I.I.Neaa’yoeinueeith, I.A.Nai?aei, Aeae.Aeai?noiiii, A.Ai?iaiaiiii.

Aeooaeuei?noue ?iaioe. I?ioyaii inoaiiueiai /ano a?o/eciyi? e
ca?oa?aei? a/ai?-eeaneee (E.I.O?iinueeee, A.A.Noaiaiia, I.I.Eacainueeee)
ia ?ac iaaieiooaaee ia iaiao?aeiino? canoinoaaiiy caeiaooe?a no/aniiai
iiaiciaanoaa a eeane/i?e o?eieia??, yea a aaaaoueio aniaeoao a?aenoa?
a?ae nueiai/aniiai ??aiy e?iaa?noeee. Oiio iano?eia iio?aaa ?icaeyiooe
i?eioeeie i?aai?caoe?? a?aiaoe/ii? nenoaie eeane/ieo iia ia ye iaa??
i?aaee ? aeiyoe?a, a ye nenoaio ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo
caeiiii??iinoae eiaeii? eaoaai??? ? coiiaeth? aeooaeuei?noue oeueiai
aeena?oaoe?eiiai aeine?aeaeaiiy.

Aea/aiiy naiaioeei-a?aiaoe/iiai oeaio?o aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae, yeei ?
ae??neiai, neoao? ?icai?oaiith oa ei?aeoe?? no/anieo ciaiue i?i
a?aiaoe/io nenoaio aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae. Aeaoaeoaaiee ia oe?e
oai?aoe/i?e aac? ??oioiaiee aiae?c aeaaiueia?aoeueeeo oaeno?a aeicaiey?
i?aoethaaoe iaae ?o aaeaeaaoieie ia?aeeaaeaie oe?a?inueeith iiaith, ui,
c iaeyaeo ia iio?aao a inoaii?o, ? iaaecae/aeii aeooaeueiei.

O ?iaio? iaeiny ia iao? c iiceoe?e no/aniiai iiaiciaanoaa ?icaeyiooe
an? a?aiaoe/i? eaoaai??? aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai ae??neiaa eeane/iiai
ii?iaoeao o ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiio aniaeo?. Aa?o/e oea aei oaaae,
iaiao?aeii aoei ia a?aiaoe/iiio ??ai? iiae i?iaanoe c?noaaeaiiy
?aaoey?ieo oa ia?aaoey?ieo yaeu i?e ia??oiooaaii?
no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeueieo caeiiii??iinoae inoaii?o. Ia iniia?
iiaeeaeaiiai aiae?co iaoiaeii a?aiaoe/ii? e?iaaiaa?iaiaaoeee
i?ea?iaeueieo oaeno?a ia?aaeaa/aeany aenie?eaoe?y oa ei?aeoe?y no/anieo
oyaeaiue i?i nenoaio aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai ae??neiaa.

Aeinyaiaiith iinoaaeaii? iaoe i?aeii?yaeeiaai? iniiai? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe:

· cae?enieoe aeine?aeaeaiiy a?aiaoe/ieo eaoaai??e aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai
ae??neiaa o ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiio aniaeo?;

· ca?aeii c oai???th nenoaiiino? i?inoaaeeoe ca’ycie i?ae aeaiaioaie
oe?e?nii? a?aiaoe/ii? nenoaie c ?aaoey?ieie e ia?aaoey?ieie iiaeaeyie:

a) a ieai? neio?ii?? i?iaanoe aeeoa?aioe?aoe?th a?aiaoe/ieo yaeu
nenoaie ae??neiaa ia ?aaoey?i? oa ia?aaoey?i?;

a) aeine?aeeoe no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? caeiiii??iino? ia?aaoey?ieo
yaeu ia ??ai? ii?oieia?? ? neioaeneno;

· aeei?enoiaoth/e iaoiae a?aiaoe/ii? e?iaaiaa?iaiaaoeee ??ciiaeai?iaeo
oaeno?a:

a) aianoe iaai? ei?aeoe?? a no/ani? ciaiiy a?aiaoe/ii? nenoaie
aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai ae??neiaa oa cae?enieoe oai?aoe/ia ia??oiooaaiiy
aein? ia iienaieo yaeu a?aiaoe/ii? ia?eoa??? nenoaie ooieoe?iiaeueii?
a?aiaoeee;

a) iienaoe ia?aaeeaio ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo iniaeeainoae nenoaie
aeaiiiaioieo ae??ne?a;

a) ?icaeyiooe iniaeeaino? ae??ne?aii? eiia?iaoi?eee;

a) i?iaiae?coaaoe ia?aaoey?i? iiaeae? neioaene/iiai ocaiaeaeaiiy;

?) i?iaanoe aiae?c ia?aaoey?iino? iacaeaaeieo ae??ne?aieo eiino?oeoe?e;

ae) ?icaeyiooe iniaeeaino? aeei?enoaiiy aiioaoe/ieo iiaeaeae i?e
a?iioaenen?.

Iaoa, iinoaaeai? caaaeaiiy ? i?eioeeie ?o aeeiiaiiy na?ae/aoue i?i
iiaaoe?ei?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy. ?icaeyae on?o a?aiaoe/ieo eaoaai??e
nenoaie aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai ae??neiaa o ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiio
i?aeoiae? aei ?o oeoia/aiiy oa c?noaaiee aiae?c ?aaoey?ieo ?
ia?aaoey?ieo ii?oieia?/ieo ? neioaene/ieo yaeu noaiiaeyoue iaoeiao
iiaecio ?iaioe. A?aiaoe/ia nenoaia ae??neiaa i?aaenoaaeaia a ieai?
neio?ii?? ye oe?e?nia, /?oei no?oeoo?iaaia ia iaio ??aiyo c
ai?iaaaeaeaiith ? iine?aeiaii i?iaaaeaiith aeeoa?aioe?aoe??th ?aaoey?ieo
oa ia?aaoey?ieo yaeu, i?e/iio ia?aaoey?i? yaeua ia i?inoi
eiinoaoothoueny, a ?ice?eaathoueny ?o no?oeoo?ii-ooieoe?iiaeuei? oa
naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino?; aeaye? c ieo oia?oa iio?aieee a iiea ci?o
niinoa?aaeaiiy oa aeoeoia/aiiy.

Iiaaoe?eiee i?aeo?ae i?inoaaeo?oueny a ioiieaii? a?aiaoe/iith
e?iaaiaa?iaiaaoeeith aiaeii/an cia/iiai ianyao oaeno?a ??ciiaeai?iaeo
oai??a eeane/iiai ia??iaeo, ca ?acoeueoaoaie yei? anoaiiaeaii aieea
??cieo oaeoi??a (iiaeaeueieo, eiioaenoieo, noee?noe/ieo oiui) ia
ei?aeoe?th no/anieo ciaiue nenoaie aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae.

Ia’?eoii aeine?aeaeaiiy ? nenoaia aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai ae??neiaa oa ??
?aae?caoe?y o oaeoe/iiio iaoa??ae? i?iciaeo ? iiaoe/ieo oai??a, ui
ioiieththoue eeane/iee ae?aiacii ?icaeoeo aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae (V—IV
no. aei i.a.). Ia?oiaeaea?aeaie iineoaeeee 83 ??ciiieaiia? oai?e, ui
aeaee ciiao i?inoaaeeoe ?aaoey?i?noue (/e a?aeiia?aeii iaiaaeai?noue)
i?iyao ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae nenoaie ae??neiaa.
?noi?e/ia i?ica i?aaenoaaeaia oai?aie Ooe?ae?aea, Enaiioiioa, Aa?iaeioa.
Ii?aoeueiaai? ?eoi?e/i? e o?einionuee? oai?e, aea iaeneiaeueii
i?iyaeythoueny eia?/i? iiaeeeaino? oa ?ioaeaeooaeueia iaaaioaaeaiiy
iiae; oea i?iiiae Aeaiinoaia, ?nie?aoa, Ano?ia, Aioeoiioa, E?n?y, ?nay,
ae?aeiae Ieaoiia, o?aeoaoe A??noioaey. Aioe/ia ae?aia (Ano?e, Nioiee,
Aa??i?ae, A??noioai) caeo/aia ye aeaea?aei aeine?aeaeaiiy aieeao
noa’?eoeaii-aeni?aneaieo /eiiee?a a?aenooio a?ae eeane/iiai ii?iaoeao,
cai?oaiiy ia??iae?a, ae?ineno neeaaeiee?a. Iaoa??ae aeyaey?, c iaeiiai
aieo, on? oi?iaeuei?, a c ?ioiai — anioe?aoeai? ca’ycee e
aca?iia?aeiioaiiy cao?eniaaieo o neia? oi?i ieneaiiy.

Iaoa ? caaaeaiiy ?iaioe iaoiiaeee aeei?enoaiiy eiiieaenii? iaoiaeeee:
iaeoe?oa aeei?enoiaoaaeeny iieniaee ? ii??aiyeueii-oeiieia?/iee iaoiaee.
Canoiniao?oueny iaoiae a?aiaoe/ii? e?iaaiaa?iaaoeee oaenoo (a?ae
aii??e/iiai a?aiaoe/iiai iieno aei oai?aoe/iiai ocaaaeueiaiiy), yeee
aea? iiaeeea?noue anoaiiaeoe e ia??oiooaaoe ia?aaoey?i? oaeoe a
c?noaaeaii? c a?aiaoe/iith ii?iith. Iaoiaeieia?/iei i?ae??oioyi iiaeia
aaaaeaoe e?eoe/ia aea/aiiy a?o/eciyieo oa ca?oa?aeieo aeine?aeaeaiue c
ieoaiue aeaaiueia?aoeueei? o?eieia??.

Oai?aoe/ia cia/aiiy aeine?aeaeaiiy aecia/aia eieii e?iaa?noe/ieo
i?iaeai, cai?iiiiiaaieie niiniaaie ?o ae??oaiiy oa io?eiaieie
?acoeueoaoaie, ui noaiiaeyoue iaaiee aianie o oai??th nenoaiiino?
a?aiaoe/ieo yaeu noiniaii aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae eeane/iiai ia??iaeo.
I?aaeiaoii oai?aoe/iiai aeine?aeaeaiiy noa? ia?aaeeaiaoe/ia
?aaoey?i?noue oa ia?aaoey?i?noue yaeu nenoaie aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai
ae??neiaa ia ii?oieia?/iiio oa neioaene/iiio ??aiyo. Oai?aoe/i?
ocaaaeueiaiiy a ?iaio? ni?eythoue ?ic?iaoe? iaeiaeine?aeaeaieo
neeaaeiee?a nenoaie aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae: ooieoe?iiaeueii? naiaioeee
aeaiiiaioieo ae??ne?a, ae??ne?aii? eiia?iaoi?eee a nenoai?
ooioe?iiaeueiiai neioaeneno a?aei?ie?a, ia?aaoey?ieo ocaiaeaeoaaeueieo
neioaene/ieo iiaeaeae, i?aaeeeaoeaiino? ae??ne?aieo oi?i o nenoai?
a?iioaeneno.

I?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy ?iaioe. Aeai? o?eieia?/iiai iieno ? nenoaiaoecaoe??
aenie?eiaaieo no/anieo ciaiue a?aiaoeee aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae
aeei?enoiaothoueny a oai?aoe/ieo oa i?aeoe/ieo eo?nao c
aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae, ?noi??? aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae, aioo??oiuei?
no?oeoo?e aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae, aioe/ii? ?eoi?eee ? e?oa?aoo?e; i?e
aa?iaiaaoeoe? oai??a aeaaiueia?aoeueeeo i?ica?e?a ? iiao?a.

I?aeoe/ia oe?ii?noue aeine?aeaeaiiy iieyaa? oaeiae o iiaeeeaino?
caeo/aiiy ?acoeueoao?a iiaeeaeaiiai naiaioe/iiai ? neioaene/iiai aiae?co
i?ea?iaeueieo oaeno?a aeey noai?aiiy aaeaeaaoieo ia?aeeaae?a oai??a
aeaaiueia?aoeueeeo aaoi??a oa a?aeiiiaii? oaieia?/ii? e?oa?aoo?e, ?o
aaaaoianiaeoii? aa?iaiaaoeee oa oeeaaeaiiy eiiaioa??a.

Ai?iaaoe?y ?iaioe. ?icae?ee aeine?aeaeaiiy oa aeena?oaoe?y a oe?eiio
iaaiai?thaaeeny ia can?aeaiiyo eaoaae?e caaaeueiiai iiaiciaanoaa oa
eeane/ii? o?eieia?? Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea, ia
iaoiaee/ieo nai?ia?ao c eeane/ii? o?eieia??; iaoa??ae ?iaioe e?a o
iniiao aenooi?a ia iaoeiaeo eiioa?aioe?yo i?ioani?nueei-aeeeaaeaoeueeiai
neeaaeo Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo (1995, 1996). ?acoeueoaoe
aeine?aeaeaiiy aena?oethaaeeny ia i?aeia?iaeieo iaoeiai-i?aeoe/ieo
eiioa?aioe?yo: “Aeooaeuei? ieoaiiy no/anii? o?eieia??” (Ee?a, 1996),
“I?iaeaiu a?a/aneie eoeueoo?u” (Neioa?iiieue, 1997), “Iaiyeeeienoeea a
NIA” (Naaanoiiieue, 1998), can?aeaii? iaoeiai-iaoiaee/ii? ?aaee naeoe??
eeane/ii? o?eieia?? IAeO ?iai? I.A.Eiiiiiniaa (Iineaa, 1999).

Iaoa??aee ?iaioe ciaeoee a?aeia?aaeaiiy a ioae?eaoe?yo, o iaoiaee/ieo
?ic?iaeao aeey eo?niaeo oa aeeieiiieo ?ia?o, i?ia?aiao c aee?i?noe/ieo
eo?n?a. E?iaaiaeeaeaeoe/ia ii?aoethaaiiy iaoa??aeo aeine?aeaeaiiy aoei
iieeaaeaii a iniiao aaoi?nueeiai i?ae?o/ieea aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae
aeey a?aeae?eaiue eeane/ii? o?eieia??.

No?oeoo?a ?iaioe. Aeena?oaoe?y neeaaea?oueny c? anooio, o?ueio
?icae?e?a, aeniiae?a, nieneo aeei?enoaii? e?oa?aoo?e c 149 iiceoe?e,
nieneo aeaaiueia?aoeueeeo ia?oiaeaea?ae oa o?ueio aeiaeaoe?a.

INIIAIEE CI?NO AeENA?OAOe??

O anooi? cacia/aii aeooaeuei?nue ? iiaecio ?iaioe, noi?ioeueiaaii iaoo
oa caaaeaiiy aeena?oaoe??, aecia/aii iaoa??ae ? iaoiaee aeine?aeaeaiiy,
eiai oai?aoe/ia ? i?aeoe/ia cia/aiiy.

O ia?oiio ?icae?e? “I?iaeaia ?aaoey?iino? ? ia?aaoey?iino? a nenoai?
iiae” ?icaeyaeathoueny eiioeaiooaeuei? iieiaeaiiy no/aniiai iiaiciaanoaa
o iiaeyaeao ia nenoaio iiae, aecia/aiiy oeaio?aeueieo ? ia?eoa??eieo
yaeu, e?eoa??? aecia/aiiy ?o ?aaoey?iino? oa ia?aaoey?iino?.
Aena?oeththoueny oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iee ? ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iee
i?aeoiaee aei nenoaie ae??neiaa oa oai?aoe/ii ia??oioiaothoueny
i?eioeeie ?icaeyaeo ooieoe?iiaeueieo ia?aaeeai nenoaie
aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai ae??neiaa ia ii?oieia?/iiio oa neioaene/iiio ??aiyo.

?aaoey?ia aeei?enoiaoaai?noue aeaiaio?a oeaio?o ? aaaeeeaith iciaeith
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ii? eaoaai???, yea a?ae??ciy? eiai a?ae
ia?eoa??eieo eiiiiiaio?a, eio?? iiaeooue aooe ia?aaoey?ieie,
nii?aaee/ieie, iiaeaeueii iaoiiaeaieie ? ieac?iiaeueieie.
Ia?aaoey?i?noue ia?aaeaa/a? ye /anoioii iaiaaeai? i?iyae oi?i, oae ?
oi?ie c e?euee?nii iaioeie eiiieaenaie eaoaai??aeueieo iciae, iacaeaaeii
a?ae /anoioiino? aeei?enoaiiy oaeeo oi?i, oiio ? ocaaaeueiaiei
neie?aoe/iei iiiyooyi.

Ia?aaoey?i? iiaeae? a?aiaoe/ieo oi?i oaeiae ? aa??aioaie caaaeueiiai
cia/aiiy, iaoiiaeaieie eiioaenooaeueii aai neooaoe?eii; aiie aeieeathoue
ye iane?aeie aca?iiae?? oeiiai? oi?ie c eiie?aoiith iiaiith neooaoe??th.
A ia?aaoey?i?e ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/i?e iiaeae? a?aeia?aaea?oueny
iaaia iciaea, oa?aeoa?ia aeey ?aaoey?ii? iiaeae?, a?eueoith /e iaioith
i??ith i?aeii?yaeeiaaii? iniiaiiio naiaioe/iiio iaiiaiaiith, oiio aiia ?
iaiaaeaii naiino?eiith. I?eioeei ?aaoey?iino?
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo a?aeiioaiue aecia/a?oueny ia?iaiaioiei ?o
iiaoi?aiiyi aeey eiaeiiai cia/iiai ieanoo ae??ne?aii? ?io?ano?oeoo?e. Ie
aaaaea?ii, ui oeae i?eioeei iiaeia ?icoe?eoe e ia nii?aaee/i? /e
e?euee?nii iacia/i? iiaeae? ae??ne?aieo oi?i, ye? caa??aathoue eeoa ia
ia?oee iiaeyae oi?iaeuei? eaoaai??aeuei? iciaee. Aaea aioe/i? a?aiaoenoe
ai?eooe iaaeeceeeny aei ona?aeiieaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii? coiiaeaiino?
aeai?o a?aeiia?aeii? oi?ie, ui aii??e/ii “evgennh,sato h` fu,sij h`mi/n
tau,taj $le,xeij% parV auvth/j euvmenw/j prosde,cesqai\ avllacou/ me.n
mi,an eivshghsame,nhj( e`te,roqi de. du,o( kai. avllacou/ trei/j(
e;peita te,ssaraj me,crij eivj a;peiron cwrh,sei plh/qoj” [145, S. 703].
I?e oeueiio ia?oueny ia oaac? caae?yi?noue naia iacae/ieo, ia?aaoey?ieo
oi?i, ui iaee?aua aeiaiaeeoue ?o iiaiii?aaia ?nioaaiiy na?aae /enaeueii
i?aaaethth/eo ?aeaioe/ieo ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo iiaeaeae ?
ni?eeiyooy oeeo ??aee?nieo ne?a (spa,nioi) iiae.

A oe?eiio, ?aaoey?i? iiaeae? ii??aiyii? c a?aiaoe/ii o?eniaaiei, aea ia
iae?aaoi?iei ae?aiaciiii yae?a, a ia?aaoey?i? — c a?aeiinii onoaeaieie
iiaeaeyie ia?eoa???, i?e/iio, ye cacia/a? A.A.Aaeiii?, “ia?eoa??ei?
yaeua ia?ao?auothoueny, noai?thth/e ni?euei? naaiaioe”. A?aooaaiiy
oaeoi??a a?aiaoe/ii? iie?nai?? canoa??aa? a?ae iaeiiaieiai ?icaeyaeo
eaoaai??e a?aiaoe/ii? nenoaie, ine?eueee eiie?aoia oi?ia iiaea niieo/aoe
iciaee, ui aoiaeyoue aei aeae?eueeio oeaio??a ? aeae?eueeio ia?eoa??e.
Iiaoaeiaa oeaio?/ia?eoa??y ia caaaeaee eeane/ia, ?iiae? aiia ia?
iiethnio no?oeoo?o.

Iiaeia oaa?aeeoe, ui i?aaiaiiy iaeneiaeueii iaaeeceoeny aei ?icoi?iiy
ca’yce?a ia’?eoeaii? ae?eniino? ? i?yii i?ioeeaaeiei eiioeaio?aoe??
a?aeia?aaeaiiy oeeo ca’yce?a o oeaio?aeueieo yaeuao a?aiaoe/ii? nenoaie
iiae. Ca ?acoeueoaoaie niinoa?aaeaiue iaae iaoa??aeii aeaaiueia?aoeueei?
iiae iiaeia c?iaeoe aeniiaee, ui oey oaiaeaioe?y ? i?yii i?iii?oe?eiith
?icaaeoaeaiino? ia?eoa??eii? noa?e. Aaeeea e?euee?noue ia?aaoey?ieo
yaeu, ia?ao?auaiiy ia?eoa??eieo yaeu c oeaio?aeueieie /e ia?eoa??eieie
ooieoe?yie ?ioeo a?aiaoe/ieo eaoaai??e noai?ththoue ia’?iio ea?oeio
a?aiaoe/ii? nenoaie aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae. Ooieoe?iioaaiiy o nenoai?
?aaoey?ieo ? ia?aaoey?ieo a?aiaoe/ieo iiaeaeae ? ae?aaeaiiyi ae?aeaeoeee
oe?eiai ? /anoeiaiai. Aca?iii?iieeiaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo
eaoaai??aeueieo no?oeoo? ?iaeoue iiiceoe?th ?aaoey?iino?/ia?aaoey?iino?
aeiaie? aeeneon?eiith.

O ae?oaiio ?icae?e? ?iaioe “Iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueii? ii?oieia??
nenoaie ae??neiaa (ia?aaoey?i? yaeua ia oii? ?aaoey?ieo)” aecia/a?oueny
naiaioe/ia iaiiaiaiiy a?aiaoe/ieo eaoaai??e a?aoeueeiai ae??neiaa i?e
c?noaaiiio aeoeoia/aii? ia?aaoey?ieo ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo
iiaeaeae. Ii?oieia?/iee ??aaiue ooieoe?iioaaiiy iiae ?icaeyaea?oueny, ca
aecia/aiiyi I.Aaoaaaey, ye oiiaiee noai niieith. Eaeneei-naiaioe/iee
aniaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy nenoaie ia?aaeeai, ui ia’?aeio? an? eaoaai??aeuei?
oi?ie aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai ae??neiaa (/an, niin?a, noai), a?aee?eaa?
iiaeeeaino? aeyao ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo caeiiii??iinoae
ia?aaoey?ieo ii?oieia?/ieo yaeu.

Nie?ath/enue ia oaco TH.N.Ianeiaa i?i oa, ui “eaoaai??y aeaeo ?nio? ia o
an?o iiaao, caoa aniaeooaeuei?noue a o?e /e ?io?e i??? i?aaenoaaeaia
ne??cue”, oa ia aeoieo ?.I.sseianiia i?i ni?aa?aeiini?noue
aniaeooaeueieo, oaiii?aeueieo ? oaenenieo eaoaai??e, i?inoaaeo?oueny
ca’ycie i?ae ?aaoey?iei a?aiaoe/iei oaiii?aeueiei aecia/aiiyi oa
aeaeiaith aenie?eaoe??th ? iaaiaee.

Nii??aeiai?noue i?acaioii-?iia?oaeoii? aniaeooaeueiino? iiaea aenooiaoe
e?eoa???i oaiii?aeueii? ?aaoey?iino? oeeo oi?i (iicia/aiiy aeo?aoeaiiai
i?ioeano, iaaecia/aii? o?eaaeino?, ?oa?aoeaiino?, ocaaaeueiaiiai iiiyooy
ae??, oaiaeaioe?? ae??). Ia?eoa??eieie ? cia/aiiy, i?aaenoaaeai? a
a?aiaoe/ieo eiinoeooaioao ?ioeo /an?a. Iai?eeeaae, ai?enoa: avnabai,nei
(= avne,bh) o` Ku/roj labw.n Tissafe,rnhn w`j fi,lon (X) VAn) 1,1,2)
K?? aenooia? (= aenooiea) c O?nnaoa?iii ye ae?oaii. Oaeee i?acain
ia?aiineoue ae?th a ieiueio ieioeiai /ano aeieiiaiiai aeaeo, oiio
naiaioe/ii noia?a/eoue ia?iaiaioiino? e iaiaiaaeaiino? i?acaioii? ae?? —
oaeei /eiii, o praesens historicum a?aeaoaa?oueny iaeo?ae?caoe?y
i?acaioii-ai?enoii? aeaeiai? iiiceoe??. Aaea aioe/i? a?aiaoenoe
?icaeyaeaee i?acain ye /aniaee i?ino?? iii?ae ieioeei ? iaeaooi?i, oiio
i?acain iiaea ia?aae?aoe e ooieoe?? oooo?oia: h’ nikh,swmen( th.n de, te
proskta/sqe (= proskth,sesqe) kai. evkei,nhn evleuqerou/te (=
evleuqerw,sete) (Q) 4(95) yeui ie ia?aiiaeaii, oeth caeiaoaa?ii, a oo
ca?eueiy?ii. Aiae?c oaenoiaiai iaoa??aeo i?aeoaa?aeaeo?, ui aeey
i?acaioieo oi?i iniaeeai oa?aeoa?iee ooieoe?iiaeueiee ia?a?iciiae?e
oaiii?aeueii? naiaioeee oa aca?iiia?ao?ae ia?aaoey?ieo ? ?aaoey?ieo
iiaeaeae.

Ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iith ia?aaoey?i?noth c ia?aoiaeii aei
i?aeii?yaeeoaaiiy ?io?e iieueia?e no?oeoo?? ae?aaeaiiy iacaaa?oaiino?,
aeo?aoeaiino? ae??, iiaeia aecia/eoe oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/i? oi?ie
ai?enoa, ui aaeeaathoueny ia iicia/aiiy iaaeieiiaii? aai ?oa?aoeaii?
ae?? a ieioeiio, yeui aeaco?oueny, ne?eueee /ano aiia o?eaaea /e
iiaoi?thaaeanue. Oaeee ai?eno iaceaa?oueny noia?iei: te,ssara kai. de,ka
e;th evne,meinan ai` spondai, (Q) 2(2) aeiaia?? ae?ya i?ioyaii
aeaaaeoeyoe /ioe?ueio ?ie?a. Iiia?aaeith ae?th a ieioeiio a a?aoeuee?e
iia? ae?aaea?, ye i?aaeei, ai?eno, oi/a ?iiae? o?aiey?oueny
oaiii?aeueiee ca?a eiai c iethneaaiia?oaeoii: h=lqon oi` vIndoi evk tw/n
polemi,wn( ou]j evpepo,mfei Ku/roj evpi. kataskoph,n (X) Kur) 6(2(9)
i?eaoee ?iae?eoe?, yeeo E?? iineaa ia ?ica?aeeo. Ai?eno iiaea iaaoaaoe
cia/aiiy eaoeinueeiai iethneaaiia?oaeoa, iniaeeai a /aniaeo oa
icia/aeueieo ?a/aiiyo: evtra,ponto evj to.n Pa,normon( o[qenper
avnhga,gonto (Q) 2(92) aiie iiaa?ioee aei Iaii?ia, ca?aeee e aeeoee.
Oaea aaaaoinooiaiaaa /aniaa i???ioaoe?y yne?aai aeaiiino?o?
iaiao?aei?noue a?aooaaiiy oaeneniiai ca’yceo; niiioaii?noue oaeneniiai
iiaeaethaaiiy aeyaey?oueny ye eiioaenoii-ia?aaoey?ia, aea naiaioe/ii
caeiiii??ia, ine?eueee ai?eno ? i?aoa??oiith iiaeaeeth iaaecia/aiiai
oaiii?aeueiiai ia?eoaaiiy.

Ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ia ia?aaoey?i?noue oooo?aeueii? oi?ie
ni?aa?aeianaia c ia?eoa??eiei naaiaioii a?aiaoe/ieo oi?i
ae?aaeaiiy ?iia?aoeaiino? (ceiri. dV ouv yau,seij pote, (Euvr)
M) 1320) i?eiee ia oi?eaeny ?oeith), ui a oaenoao, iaaeeaeaieo aei
?iciiaiiai eieia, /a?ac no?enoeyi?ciaaiee aieea aaa?aenueeeo iiaeaeae
noaia ?aaoey?iei yaeuai.

Neaae? naiaioe/i? ca’ycee ?acoeueoaoeaiiai oa ?ioaineaiiai ia?oaeoa
iio??aii ?icaeyaeaoe, ca ?.Ooaeai, ia ye ?cieueiaai? oi?ie, a ye
?aaoey?i? ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/i? oeie iaiaeiicia/ii? eaoaai???
ia?oaeoa. A?aiaoe/iei eaoaai??yi aeanoeaee ??ciee nooi?iue
aaaaoicia/iino? oa oe?e?niino? naiai nieneiaiai iaiiaiaiiy, oiio ni?iae
ye ia’?aeiaoe ??ci? cia/aiiy a ?aeei?e iiaeae?, oae ? iaiaaaiiy
?iciiae?eeoe ?o ia oeaio?aeuei? ? ia?eoa??ei? ni?e/eiythoue eeoa, ye
ieoa N.Ae.Eaoeiaeuenii, “ianeeuenoai iaae ?aaeueiith aaaaoiiai?oi?noth
cia/aiue”.

Ie aeoiaeeii c oiai, ui iiiyo?eia cia/aiiy a?aiaoe/ieo eaoaai??e,
cie?aia noaio, ia oioiaeia eiai ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiio cia/aiith ?
i?ecaiaeeoue aei i?eionoeiino? ??cieo ?ioa?i?aoaoe?e aae aei
ae?aiao?aeueii i?ioeeaaeieo, eiee aeoeai? oi?ie ia?aaeathoue ia’?eoeaii
ianeaio aca?iiae?th noa’?eoa ? ia’?eoa e, iaaiaee, eiee
iaae?aeueii-ianeai? oi?ie cana?ae/othoue ia’?eoeaio aaaioeai?noue
noa’?eoa. Iai?eeeaae, ae??neiaa du,w caio?thaaoe, fu,w ia?iaeaeoaaoe(
sbe,nnumi aaneoe( i[sthmi noaaeoe oiui aeei?enoiaothoue oi?ie e;dun y
iioiioa( e;fun y ia?iaeeany( e[sbhn y iiaan( e[sthn y noaa, ye?
aeeacothoue ?acoeueoao ae?? iaae noa’?eoii, oi/a oi?iaeueii oea —
aeoeai? oi?ie ? eia?/ii aoei a ia?aaeaa/eoe a ieo ia
i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue ?io?e ae??, a aaaioeai?noue oeueiai noa’?eoa.
Aiaeia?/i? aeiaaeee niinoa??aathoueny a ia?oaeoieo oi?iao, aeey
i?eeeaaeo: o;lwla y caaeioa( pe,poiqa y iia??ea( pe,fhna y c’yaeany(
o;rwra y ae?ooea oiui, ui iioiaeyoue a?ae o?aiceoeaieo aeoeaieo
(iaaeaiiiaioieo!) ae??ne?a) Ceioaene/ia neooaoe?y aeeaco? /e ?aaeoa
iaa?oue i?aeoaa?aeaeo? ianeaia cia/aiiy oaeeo oi?i, eiee i?eeiaiieeiaa
niieo/aiiy c ?iaiieeii iiaea? eiai ye ?aaeueiee ae?th/ee noa’?eo:
pepoi,qamen peri. u`mw/n ta. krei,ttona $Dhm) 4(51% ie iia??eee caaaeyee
aai (=ae ian ia?aeiiaee) o e?aua; aai /a?ac aaci?eeiaiieeiaee
?ino?oiaioaeueiee /e eaocaoeaiee aeaaaeueiee a?aei?iie: sumforh|/
pe,plhca $~Hr) 1(41% y aoa i?eai?/aiee iauanoyi (= iauanoy iaia
i?eai?oeei).

Eaeneei-naiaioe/iee aiae?c ?c caeo/aiiyi aeaieo
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiai oa?aeoa?o aeicaieea iai aeyaeoe iaai?
caeiiii??iino? aeaiiiaioieo ae??ne?a oa naiaioe/i? iniaeeaino? /aniaeo
iaae?aeueieo oi?i c aeaiiiaioiei cia/aiiyi. Ioiieai? oeiieia?caoe??th
oi?ie ae??ne?a aoo?/ieo aaoi??a i?aaenoaaeai? a ?iaio? niaoe?aeueiith
ia?aaeeaiith.

O ?iaio? i?iaaaeaii aiae?c ae??ne?a, ui o?aaeeoe?eii aecia/athoueny, ye
iaae?aeueii-aeaiiiaioi?, oiaoi oae?, ye? eeoa oi?iaeueii iathoue
iieacieee a?aiaoe/ii? eaoaai??? “iaae?aeueiee noai”. Ni?iao?ii aeiaanoe,
ui oaeee i?aeo?ae aei ieo ia o?eueee ni?iuaiee ? oi?iaeueiee, a e o
aaaaoueio aeiaaeeao caeeoa?oueny iaiii?/aiei oaeoi? naia iaae?aeueiino?
?o cia/aiue. O?aaeeoe?eii aaaaea?oueny, ui iaae?aeueii-a?aeeeaaei?
ae??neiaa cao?eiothoue aeoeaia cia/aiiy o oi?iao iaae?aeueiiai i?acaina
? ai?enoa, aea a?eueo?noue c ieo iathoue ai?eno ianeaiee c a?aeiia?aeiei
cia/aiiyi, oiio aeey ieo eia?/ii aeaoaeiao?oueny iiiceoe?y
iaae?e=aeoea/ianea: po,noij ktw/ntai oi` a;nqrwpoi tavgaqa, ethaee
aeinyaathoue aeaa caaaeyee aaaee?e i?aoe? / parV ou- evgw. tou/to
evkthsa,mhn $X) Sum) 4(43% y oea io?eiaa a?ae iueiai. I?ioa, ye
cana?ae/o? i?eeeaae, eaene/ia cia/aiiy ae??neiaa kta,omai ye
iaae?aeueii? oi?ie aeyaey?oueny a?eueo neeaaeiei naiaioe/ii, i?ae
cia/aiiy a?aeiia?aeii? aeoeaii? oi?ie c oei aea cia/aiiyi o ia?aeeaae? —
caeiaoaaoe; aiii ioiieth? an? cia/aiiy aeoeaiiai o?aiceoeaiiai
ae??neiaa, a oaeiae aeiaeaoeia? nieneia? eiiiiiaioe: noa’?eo i?eeeaaea?
iaai? aeani? coneeey, cae?enith? iaai? ae?? aeia?ia?eueii /e aeiooaii,
aea c ei?enoth aeey naaa, oiio niinoa??aathoueny aeaye? caeiiii??iino?,
ui oa?aeoa?ecothoue caaaeueio nenoaio ?iciiae?eo eaene/ieo cia/aiue
iaae?aeueiiai noaio a oe?eiio.

A?aenooi?noue aeoeaieo a?aiaoe/ieo oi?i iiaeia iiynieoe naiaioe/iith
iia’ycai?noth oaeeo ae??ne?a, ine?eueee cai?ia ia a?aeiia?aeio aeoeaio
oi?io ia ni?eeia?oueny ye iiaiee naiaioe/iee aea?aaeaio; ao?a/a?oueny
iciaea iiina?aaeeiaaii? ?aoeaen?? ae?? ia nai noa’?eo. I?enooi?nue
noa’?eoeaiiai naiaioe/iiai eiiiiiaioa iiaeia i?aeoaa?aeeoe ia?oaeoiith
oi?iith: e[teron me,n ti to. kekth/sqai th.n evpisth,mhn e[teron de. to.
e;cein $Pl/) Pol) 382 B% iaeia ??/ — aieiae?oe ciaiiyi, ?ioa — iaoe
eiai, aea kekth/sqai aieiae?oe (a cia/. iaaooe ? ia?aaoaaoe a noai?
aieiae?iiy) i?aee?aneth?, ui iaaooe iiaeia e oeaiiai ciaiiy, yea noa’?eo
iiaea ni?eeiyoe ca i?aaeeueia, aea aeoeaia oi?ia e;cein iaoe aioeoaoe/ii
na?ae/eoue, ui ia’?eoeaii, aac caae?yiino? nee noa’?eoa, iiaeia iaoe
eeoa ?noeiia ciaiiy.

Oiiaiee oa?aeoa? aecia/aiiy iaae?aeueii-aeaiiiaioieo ae??ne?a o
a?aoeuee?e iia? aeiaeaoeiai i?aeoaa?aeaeo?oueny na?ae/aiiyie
neio?ii?/iiai oa ae?ao?ii?/iiai oa?aeoa?o. Oae, o eaeiinueeiio ae?aeaeo?
iayai? oi?ie iva,w( qea,w; o Oie?e?aea — lwba,w( o Iie?a?y — dra,ttw
oiui. Iaaaaeai? oaeoe aeicaieythoue aeaui oaaaei?oa i?eaeyiooeny aei
ae??ne?a, ye? o?aaeeoe?eii iiaeathoueny ye iaae?aeueii-a?aeeeaaei?, oi/a
iani?aaae? aiie caa??aathoue cia/iith i??ith i?yiee /e iai?yiee
?aoeaenea, oiio iiaeooue aecia/aoenue ye aaeaeaaoii iaae?aeuei?.
A?aenooi?noue o ieo oi?i aeoeao ia ? “aeene?ei?ioth/ith” iciaeith, aiia
iiynith?oueny niaoeeo?eith ?o eaene/iiai cia/aiiy.

Aiaeia?/ii i?iaaaeaii ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iee aiae?c
aeaiiiaioii-ianeaieo ae??ne?a. Niinoa?aaeaii, ui a iecoe? ae??ne?a
eaene/ia cia/aiiy aaaioeaiiai aieeao ?ioiai noa’?eoa eaaeeoue a iniia?
naiaioeee. Ae??neiai a;gamai aeeaoaaoeny, yea aeeaco? iiia?aaei?e aieea
eiio?aaaioa ia noa’?eo, oiaoi uinue /e ooinue aeeao? noa’?eo, a aeae? ye
?acoeueoao oeueiai aoi?eiiiai aieeao iinoa? ae?y /e noai naiiai
noa’?eoa; aiaeia?/ii a;cqomai noioaaoe, euvlabe,omai inoa??aaoenue,
h[domai ?aae?oe oa ?io? verba affectuum seu sentiendi iaaiaeyoue ia
aeoieo, ui ae?y /e noai, ye? aiie ae?aaeathoue, ? iio?aeieie ?
iicia/athoue ?acoeueoao aieeao ia ia?a?nii ia’?eo.

Aiae?c ia?aaoey?ieo iiaeaeae noaiiai? nenoaie cana?ae/ea cia/io
iaaii?yaeeiaai?noue ? aeiaie? /anoo iaaecia/ai?noue noaiiaeo iiiceoe?e.
Aaciiiceoe?ei?, aai oae caai? aeaiiiaioi? ae??neiaa o a?eueoino?
aeiaaee?a iani?aaae? iathoue ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ia iaaaioaaeaiiy
nai?? noaiiai? eaoaai???. Iaaiaee, ?niothoue ae??neiaa, ye?
aaaaeathoueny noaiiai ?aaoey?ieie, aea ye? iiaeooue aooe a?aeianai? aei
aeaiiiaioii-aeoeaieo $qauma,zw aeeaoaaoeny( pa,scw no?aaeaeaoe( feu,gw
aooe caeioaa/aiei oiui), a ?o a?aiaoe/ii oii?iiaai? oi?ie iaae?aeueiiai
? ianeaiiai noai?a caciathoue eaene/iiai ?icoa?oaaiiy ? ?icuaieaiiy.

Niin?a aecia/a?oueny ye neiaici?iia eaoaai??y, ui ae?aaea? ??ci? oeie
iiaeaeueieo cia/aiue, oiio iiaiioe?iia oyaeaiiy i?i ooieoe?iiaeueio
naiaioeeo niiniaiaeo oi?i iiaeia io?eiaoe, eeoa caeo/ath/e
aeine?aeaeaiiy oi?iaeueii-neioaene/ii? noa?e ?o aeei?enoaiiy. Ia
ii?oieia?/iiio ??ai? iiaeia aecia/eoe, ui /ioe?e/eaiia iiiceoe?y
niiniaiaeo oi?i ? iano?eeith ? aca?iii?iieeiith.

Ine?eueee ii?oieia?/i? eaoaai??? iaeiiai?oa ?aeaioeo?eothoueny caeaaeii
a?ae iino?eii? neioaene/ii? cia/eiino?, o?ao?e ?icae?e aeine?aeaeaiiy
“Iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai neioaeneno nenoaie ae??neiaa (ia?aaoey?i?
yaeua ia oii? ?aaoey?ieo)” i?enay/aiee ?icaeyaeo ia?aaoey?ieo aeiaaee?a
ooieoe?iiaeueiiai neioaeneno ia?aoaeoe/ieo ? a?iioaeoe/ieo ca’yce?a.

O i?ae?icae?e? “Iniaeeaino? ae??ne?aii? eiia?iaoi?eee” ia’?eoii
niinoa?aaeaiiy aeey ian aoee ia?aaoey?i? aeiaaeee, e?euee?nii iaio?
a?oie /e ie?ai? neiaa ?aeaioe/iiai naian?ieia?/iiai ia’?aeiaiiy, ye?
i?aeii?yaeeiaothoueny ae?? ?ioiai i?aaeea ea?oaaiiy, i?ae iniiaia. Oi/a
ooieoe?iiaeueia naiaioeea a?aei?ieiaeo oi?i oe?oa ca oa?i?iieia?/ii
aecia/aio, ia i?aeoeoe? aeiaiaeeoueny ei?enooaaoeny caaaeueiii?eeiyoeie
iacaaie neioaene/ieo ooieoe?e a?aei?ie?a. Ia?aaoey?ia aa?aaeueia
ea?oaaiiy cono??/a?ii a nenoai? an?o neie?aoe/ieo iai?yieo a?aei?ie?a;
iaiaaeaiee ianya ciooo? coieieoeny eeoa ia aeayeeo i?eeeaaeao.

Naiaioe/ii-ieac?iiaeuei? oi?ie ae??ne?aii? eiia?iaoi?eee
?icaeyaeathoueny ye ia?eoa??ei? iiaeae?, i?eiaeaaei? aei aeaniiai
oeaio?o ? aeioe/i? aei oeaio?o ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiai iiey ?ioi?
eaoaai??aeueii? no?oeoo?e. Iai?eeeaae, ?aaoey?ia aaeeaaiiy ciao?aeiiai
a?aei?iea i?e ae??neiaao ?c naiaioeeith aeiiiiaaaoe, i?eiineoe ei?enoue
oa aioii?i?/ieo (ovni,nhmi( wvfele,w, qerapeu,w, bla,ptw,
avdike,w oiui) iiaeia c?noaaeoe c ia?aaoey?iith iiaeaeeth aaeeaaiiy
aeaoeaa i?e ae??neiaao ?aeaioe/ii? naiaioeee (bohqe,w( lusitele,w(
sumfe,rw dikaiosu,nh lusitelei/ tw|/ e;conti (Pl. Pol. 392 N)
ni?aaaaeeea?noue ei?enia oiio, ooi (??) ia?), eio?ee iiaeia
ni?aa?aeianoe c ooieoe?iiaeueiith naiaioeeith ?aaoey?ieo iiaeaeae
nioe?aoeaiiai aeaoeaa, yeee aenooia? i?e neiaao, ui aeoeaioothoue ia
ca’yceo, i?ioeanoaeueiiio eiioaeo?, caeeaeaii? /e i?ioenoaaeaii?.
Aeaaaeueiee ni?eueiioe oai?eoue neioaene/io oa eia?/io ?aei?noue oaeiae
?c ae??neiaaie, ye? iiaeooue iaoe iiaea?eia ea?oaaiiy ?c ciao?aeiei
a?aei?ieii. Nii??aeith? aecia/ai? iiiaioe e eiia?iaoi?eea a iiiceoe?eieo
noaiiaeo a?oiao: avmu,nw caoeuaoe c aeaaaeueiei a?aei?ieii / avmu,nomai
ai?ioeny ca uinue, caoeuaoenue ?c ciao?aeiei: ti, a;llo h’ th/| auvth|/
avpousi,a| toi/j me.n ouvk hvmu,nate swqh/nai (Q) 6(80) i?ui ?ioa ia
aeiiiiiaei ?i a?yooaaoeny, ye oey naia a?aenooi?noue / oi` pate,rej
u`mw/n ba,rbaron h’ {Ellhna pole,mion evpio,nta proqu,mwj h`muna,meqa
(Q) 2( 36) aao? aaoueee oi?ia?i ai?ieeny c aa?aa?ii /e a?aeii, ye? eoee
a?eiith. Ia?aaoey?ia aaeeaaiiy iiaea?eiiai ciao?aeiiai a?aei?iea
ciai?oiueiai ? aioo??oiueiai ia’?eoa i?e ae??neiaao: te,mnw( diate,mnw(
diaire,w( ne,mw( katane,mw ae?eeoe, iaae?eyoe iiaeia c?noaaeoe c
oaeeaaiiyi ciao?aeiiai a?aei?iea acai?i ?iaeiaiai ?icae?eiaiai, eiee nai
?iaiiee ia? cia/aiiy oe?e?niino?, c yei? ua aeae?eythoue /anoeio: ouv
mete,labe to. pe,mpton me,roj tw/n yh,fwn (Pl) VAp) 36 B) a?i ia io?eiaa
i’yoi? /anoeie aiein?a.

Aaeeaaiiy ae??ne?a a?ae/ooo?a c ?iaeiaei a?aei?ieii iiaeia aecia/eoe ye
ae?ioe/io eiino?oeoe?th c i?iiouaiei aeocaoeaii aano?aeoiiai iiiyooy,
aei eio?iai oeae ?iaeiaee a?aei?iie ia? iinaneaia /e oa?aeoa?ecoth/a
a?aeiioaiiy; i?e ia?aeeaae? oae? ae?ace aeiiiaiththoueny neiaaie
oaia’ycie, ni?aaa, iciaea oiui, ye? iathoueny ia aeoioe? i?e eivmi,, ye
?iaii? i?aaeeeaoe (= iaia’yceii eiainue ? …): oivkono,mou avgaqou/
evstin eu= oivkei/n to.n e`autou/ oi=kon (X. Oivk) 1(2) iaia’ycie
oi?ioiai oi?aaeoaey — ai?ei ii?yaeeoaaoe a aeii?. Ia?aaoey?iee ae?inen
cana?ae/aiee aeey ?iaiieea aeocaoeaii? oe?e?niino? ia’?eoa, eiee a eiai
?ie? ciao?aeiee a?aei?iie, yeee, ii noo?, ? iaocaiaeaeaiei aaiaoeaiei
icia/aiiyi aei i?iiouaiiai aeocaoeaa aioo??oiueiai ia’?eoa, ui
aeiieneth?oueny ye aoeiieia?/ii-nii??aeiaia c ae??neiaii neiai:
evspe,ndonto avnai/resin $= sponda,j avnaire,sewj) toi/j nekroi/j (Q.
3,24) aiie cae?enieee ia /anoue iiia?eeo oceeaaiiy /anoeie. Oea naia o?
aeiaaeee, eiee ia?aaoey?ia ae?ioe/ia iiaeaeue noa? oeaio?aeueiith,
?aaoey?iith, a iiaiieiiiiiaioia o?aca ni?eeia?oueny ye aioaca.

Aeey neioaaiaoe/ieo neooaoe?e aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae eeane/iiai
ia??iaeo oa?aeoa?ia aaci?eeiaiieeiaa eiia?iaoi?eea a /?oei aecia/aieo
ooieoe?iiaeueiith naiaioeeith ae??ne?a oa a?aei?ieiaeo oi?i, naiai ?iaeo
ae??ne?aii-?iaiieo neioaaiaoe/ieo iiaeaeyo. I?eeiaiieee caae?yi?
ia?aaaaeii a eiie?aoii iaoiiaeaieo neioaene/ieo neooaoe?yo aeey oi/ii?
ia?aaea/? naiaioeee neiainiieo/aiiy aai ae o oeo aeiaaeeao, eiee
ae?aiacii eiia?iaoi?ii? iioaioe?? ae??neiaa aeeth/a? aeae?eueea
a?aei?ie?a, iaeei c yeeo ? oaeoeueoaoeaiei, oiio iaiao?aeia aenie?oeeoia
ooi/iaiiy. Iai?eeeaae, ae??neiaa poleme,w( ma,comai( avgwni,zomai meta,
tinoj pro,j tina iathoue cia/aiiy aithaaoe, ai?ioenue ye nithciee i?ioe
eiainue: evpole,mhsa,n pote VEleusi,nioi metV Euvmo,lpou pro.j VErecqe,a
(Q) 2(15) Aeaaneioe? aithaaee eieenue c Aaiieiii i?ioe A?aooay. Cae/ia
aaeeaaiiy i?e ieo nioe?aoeaiiai aeaoeaa iiaea i?ecaiaeeoe aei ieooaieie:
ooi a oe?e ai?iouea? aenooia? nithcieeii, a ooi — ai?iaii, oiio
i?eeiaiieeia? eiino?oeoe?? aeicaieythoue /?oei aecia/eoe oe?
a?aeiioaiiy.

Ae?oaee i?ae?icae?e i?enay/aii ooieoe?iiaeuei?e neioaaiaoeoe?
iacaeaaeieo ae??ne?aieo eiino?oeoe?e. O ieo, iii?e ?aaoey?i?
oi?iaeueii-neioaene/i? eiino?oeoe??, cono??/athoueny anei?eyoeai?
yaeua. Eiee i?aeiao aaniethoii? ?io?i?oeaii? eiino?oeoe?? ? aeiaeaoeii
aei ae??neiaa, a?ae yeiai caeaaeeoue ?io?i?oea, oiae? a?i iiaea ia
iiaoi?thaaoeny, aea i?enoaeie ? ae??i?eeiaoieeiaa icia/aiiy eiai
i?eeiathoue a?aei?iie aeiaeaoea aai caeeoathoueny a ciao?aeiiio
a?aei?ieo (oea — yaeua oiiae?aiaiiy ?iaiii? /anoeie i?enoaeea): pa,nti
prosh,kei a;rconti froni,mw| ei=nai (X) VApom) 4(6(1) onyeiio i?aaeoaeth
iio??aii aooe ?icnoaeeeaei. Aiaeia?/ii, ae??neiaa oi;omai( h`ge,omai(
fhmi, ?acii c dei/n oa crh/nai ooai?ththoue oaeo ?aei?noue, o ye?e
i?aeiao ?io?i?oeaa, caeaaeiee a?ae i?aeiaoa /e aeiaeaoea aieiaiiai
?a/aiiy, ioioiaeith?oueny c iei i?e ea?oth/eo ae??neiaao: mo,noj oi;ei
dei/n diale,gesqai (Pl) Prwt) 316 N) a?i aaaaea?, ui eeoa eiio ne?ae
aiai?eoe.

Caeaaeiee oaenen, ae?aaeaiee ae??i?eeiaoieeii, ia? aae’thieoeaio
i?aeii?yaeeiaai?noue aieiaiiio i?aaeeeaoo ? noai?th? eiiieaoeaiee ?
iaa?aeae?eueiee ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iee aei?? ?nioaaiiy oeeo oi?i ia
ii?oieia?/iiio ? neioaene/iiio ??aiyo. I?ioa neioaene/ia ?ieue
ae??i?eeiaoieea ye aoi?eiiiai oeaio?o i?aaeeeaoe?? aeey
aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae ia ? iano?eueee iaeiicia/iith. Iaaiaee, iiaiee
iaoa??ae eeane/iiai ia??iaeo cana?ae/o? ia?aaoey?i? yaeua caa?aaeaiiy ca
ae??i?eeiaoieeii ooieoe?? i?aaeeeaoeaiiai yae?a, ui aa?a aeoiee c
a?oa?/ieo /an?a. Eiee ae??i?eeiaoiee a?aeiineoueny aei i?aeiaoa, ? a
ii?aeiaii? c iniaiaith ae??ne?aiith oi?iith iaaoaa? aeii?ioth/iai
cia/aiiy, oi cia/aiiy ae??neiaa noa? aoi?eiiei: polemw/n diege,neto $X)
VAn) 2(6(5% a?i aacia?a?aii aithaaa (= a?i iino?eii i?iaiaeea /an
aithth/e)* e;laqen avpodra,j $X) ~Ell) 1(3(22) a?i oa?iii ao?e.
Aeiaeaoeiaei i?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi ooieoe?? ae??i?eeiaoieea ye oeaio?o
i?aaeeeaoe?? neoaeeoue aeei?enoaiiy /anoee a;n, yea niieo/a?oueny c
ooieoe?iiaeueii iniaiaeie oi?iaie i?enoaeea: kai. dunhqei.j a’n
auvto.j e;cein( ei;per evboulh,qh $Dhm) 23(107% a?i ? nai i?a ae iaoe,
yeui a eeoa caoio?a. Ae??i?eeiaoieee-i?enoaeee oaeiae ii?aeiothoueny c
iniaiaeie oi?iaie i?enoaeea ca aeiiiiiaith niieo/iee?a, ui cana?ae/o? ?o
oioiaeia i?aaeeeaoeaia ni?eeiyooy.

Aeoeoia/aiiy aaniethoieo neioaene/ieo eiino?oeoe?e (genetivus/
accusativus absolutus), o neeaae? yeeo aenooiathoue iai?yi? a?aei?iee ia
i?ioeaaao iii?iaoeao ye iciaea ?o caeaaeiiai oa?aeoa?o, iiaeeeai, e
i?eeiyoia aeey ?ioeo ?a?iiaenueeeo iia, aea iaaeaaaoe eiio
oi?aa?naeueiiai cia/aiiy ia ne?ae. O aeaiiio aeiaaeeo, ye oea /anoi
niinoa??aa?oueny a a?aiaoe/i?e ia?aaeeai? aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae, ?
yaeua, ui ni?inoiaothoue aaniethoecaoe?th a?aiaoe/ieo oaeoi??a
aecia/aiiy neioaene/ii? caeaaeiino? aac o?aooaaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueii?
niaoeeo?ee no?oeoo?e a?aoeueeiai ?a/aiiy. Eaeaoueny i?i cai?io iaceaiiai
a?aei?iea c ae??i?eeiaoieeii, yeee aeeiio? o? nai? ooieoe??, ui e ?io?
naiino?ei? ae??i?eeiaoieeia? cai?ioe: a`lh.j genome,nh pa/sa h` ~Ella.j
cei.r mega,lh suna,getai (~Hr. 7,157) eiee Aeeaaea ia’?aeiaeany, caaeany
aaeeea ?oea. I?eionea?ii, ui ooo ie noeea?iiny c yaeuaie aiaeieooo,
a?aiaoe/iiai iaocaiaeaeaiiy ae??i?eeiaoieea c neiaii, yea iei
aecia/a?oueny, i?e ia?aianaii? ia ae??i?eeiaoiee a?aiaoe/ieo iciae neiaa
aeey iiiyooy, ui ia?oueny ia aeoioe?, ye o?aiey?oueny a ao?eaooeaieo /e
i?aaeeeaoeaieo ae??i?eeiaoiee?a: h` miara. kefalh. evxelhluqw,j (= o`
miaro.j evxelhluqw,j) (Dhm. 21,117) aeeoia a?oaeia aieiaa.

Ia?aaoey?ieie ? nii?aaee/i? neioaene/i? iiaeae?, ye? ni?eeiathoueny
iaiaeiicia/ii. C ae?acii su,noida evmantw/| ona?aeiiethaaoe, ciaoe ca
niaith i?aaeeeaoeaiee ae??i?eeiaoiee iiaea ae?aaeaoenue /a?ac iaceaiee
aai c??aeea — aeaaaeueiee a?aei?iie: evgw. de. ou;te me,ga ou;te
smikro.n xu,noida evmautw/| sofo.j w;n (Pl. VAp. 21 A) y ai? ia
caiaaeoi, ai? ia caiaei ona?aeiiethth, ui y ioae?ee; evmautw/| xunh,|dh
ouvde.n evpistame,nw| (Pl. VAp. 22 D) y ona?aeiiethaaa, ui i?/iai ia
ciath. A inoaiiueiio aeiaaeeo iiaeia aiai?eoe i?i yaeua iiaea?eiiai
aeaaaeueiiai a?aei?iea, yea iiaeeao?ii ? a eaoeinuee?e iia?, aai ae i?i
cai?io aeaaaeueiee naiino?eiee, yeui i?eionoeoe oioiaei?noue noa’?eoa
eia?/iiai cai?ioo c i?aeiaoii ?a/aiiy, a oae? aeiaaeee, ia i?ioeaaao
eaoeinuee?e iia?, a a?aoeuee?e o?aieythoueny, i?e/iio /ano?oa — a
a?oa?/iee ia??iae.

O?ao?e i?ae?icae?e “Ooieoe?iiaeueia naiaioeea ae??neiaa a nenoai?
ia?aoaeneno” i?enay/aiee ?icaeyaeo ocaiaeaeoaaeueieo iiaeaeae a iiii- oa
iie?noa’?eoieo eiino?oeoe?yo, ae?ioe/ieo yaeu o nenoai? i?enoaeea,
??ciia?aei?ieiaeo oi?iai ?iaiii? /anoeie i?enoaeea.

Iaiiaia eaoaai??aeueia cia/aiiy oaeiae ia’?eoeaii ?icaeyaea?oueny ye
ia?eoa??eia ooieoe?iioaaiiy, ca?aeii c yeei ae?ioe/i? iiaeae?
oeoia/aoueny ye ia?aaoey?i?. I?ioa iiaeia ?iciaaeoaaoe ?o aiin?iiaoe/ia
aeei?enoaiiy ye ni?aaae? ia?aaoey?ia ? eeoa noee?noe/ii-iaoiiaeaia oa
?aaoey?ia aeei?enoaiiy ae?ioe/ieo iiaeaeae, oiae? ye iiaiieiiiiiaioi?
iiaeae? aeeacothoue aioaco. ?icoi?iiy a?ao?eia?? ye naiiaeinoaoiueiai
yaeua aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae aeiiiiaaa? ?icai?iooe ae?ioe/i? iiaeae?,
aoeaaeueiee ia?aeeaae yeeo ?ioeie iiaaie /anoi iaaeinoaoi?e ? aeiaaa?
aenie?oeeoii? ei?aeyoe??. O aeayeeo aeiaaeeao aa?iaiaaoe/ia ?icai?oaiiy
ooieoe?iiaeueii-eaene/iiai aiae?co na?ae/eoue, ui aeo i?aaeeeaoe?? ?
cai?iooei, a naia: eiee ?iaiia /anoeia oi?iaeueii ia ocaiaeaeaia c
a?aei?ieii i?aeiaoa. Ia?aaoey?ia a?aiaoe/ia ae?aaeaiiy ?iaiiiai
i?aaeeeaoa niinoa?aaeaii a ?iaeiaiio a?aei?ieo aeanieea, iioiaeaeaiiy,
i??e, yeino?, a iinaneaiiai oa aoe/iiai aeaaaeueiiai a?aei?iea, ye?
ocaiaeaeothoueny c i?iiouaiei, ye i?aaeei, aano?aeoiei iiiyooyi ?iaiii?
/anoeie i?enoaeea: tou,twn tw/n h`me,rwn e[n evsti paisi,n (X) Kur)
1(2(4) iaeei c oeeo aei?a aoa o ?icii?yaeaeaii? ae?oae (= aoa oaeei, ui
iei ?icii?yaeaeaeeny ae?oe).

Naia iiiyooy iiaeaeueiino?, oi/a ?iie?oeeoii ia?aaeaa/a? i?yii
i?iii?oe?eiee ca’ycie c ia?aaoey?i?noth, a aeayeeo aeiaaeeao ia?a?inoa?
o oi?iaeueii ca?aiaoeciaaia ?aaoey?ia ooieoe?iioaaiiy, yee ia? i?noea
i?e aaeeaaii? ??ciiaeae?a caia?a/ieo ne?a o a?iioaeoe/ieo iiaeaeyo, ui
aeine?aeaeo?oueny a /aoaa?oiio i?ae?icae?e? “Aiioaoe/i? eiino?oeoe?? a
nenoai? a?iioaeneno”. Aeei?enoaiiy naia aiioaoe/ieo iiaeaeae aeey
aecia/aiiy oeaio?aeueieo ? ia?eoa??eieo oi?i ae?aaeaiiy i?enoaeea
i?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue coiiaeaia oei, ui i?e caia?a/aii? iaeyne?aa?oa
i?iyaey?oueny ae?aeaeoe/ia ?aei?noue iiae ? ieneaiiy, iiiaeeiiiai ?
iaeeie/iiai, a a?aiaoe/ia cia/aiiy caia?a/aiiy /anoi ii?aeio?oueny c
a?aiaoe/iei cia/aiiyi iiaeaeueiino?.

Niinoa?aaeaii, ui aaeeaaiiy iaaieo oei?a i?enoaeea i?ae?yaeiiai ?a/aiiy
caeaaeeoue a?ae caaaeueii? naiaioeee oeueiai oeio i?ae?yaeiiai ca’yceo,
a ia a?ae ea?oth/eo ae??ne?a aieiaiiai ?a/aiiy. *anoi ae a?aiaoe/ii
ea?oth/a ?a/aiiy iani?aaae? ? eia?/ii i?aeii?yaeeiaaiei ? caeaaeiei a?ae
naiai i?ae?yaeiiai, oiio oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/iee ca’ycie noia?a/eoue
ia’?eoeai?e noai?aeeiaoe?? ae?e. O? i?ae?yaei? ?a/aiiy, ye? ? eia?/ii ?
oi?iaeueii caeaaeieie a?ae aieiaieo ? aeeacothoue iaaiee nooi?iue
iiaeaeueiino? ae?aaeaiiy i?enoaeea (aeiaeaoeia?, iaoe), i?noyoue
noa’?eoeaio caia?a/io /anoeo mh, aai neiaa, neeaaeai? c iath. ?ioa a?oia
i?ae?yaeieo ?a/aiue, caeaaeieo a?ae aieiaieo eeoa oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ii,
a ia ia’?eoeaii-eia?/ii (a?aeiini?, /ano, i?e/eie, oiiae, aeiionoia?,
iane?aeeia?), aeaiiino?o? aeei?enoaiiy i?yiiai caia?a/aiiy ouv oa
iio?aeieo ne?a i?e ae??ne?aiiio i?enoaeeia?.

I?aeoaa?aeaeaiiyi anoaiiaeaii? caeaaeiino? ? ua a?eueo iieaciaei o
oeueiio a?aeiioaii? ? ?icaeyae ia?aaoey?ieo aeiaaee?a ieaiiacio. Oae,
iiaea?eia caia?a/aiiy ouv mh, c eii’thieoeaii ai?enoa oa oooo?aeueiei
?iaeeeaoeaii neoaeeoue aeey aioaoe/iiai i?aeneeaiiy caia?a/iiai
cia/aiiy: e[wsper a;n evmpne,w kai. oi-o,j te w= ouv mh. pau,somai
filosofw/n (Pl) VAp) 29 C) aeiiiee y aeeoath ? caeaoai, y ia i?eieith
caeiaoenue o?einio??th; tou.j ponhrou.j ouv mh, pote belti,ouj poih,sete
(Aivscin) 3(177) eeoeo ae i?eiee ia c?iaeoa e?aueie. Iayai?noue
iiaea?eiiai caia?a/aiiy iiaeia ?icaeyaeaoe ye eia?/iee neioac
ia’?eoeaiiai ? noa’?eoeaiiai iiaeyae?a ia iienoaaio iiae?th. Cae/ia aeey
eii’thieoeaa caia?a/aiiy mh, na?ae/eoue i?i iiaeaeueia iaaaioaaeaiiy
ae??ne?aii? oi?ie, yea iiaie? aea?eueiy?oueny a?ae noeo?eiino?
noa’?eoea?cio ? iaaeeaea?oueny aei ia’?eoeaii? nooiino? iienoaaiiai.

sseui iaeaeaa caia?a/ieo neiaa iaeiiai iiaeaeueiiai oa?aeoa?o, oi iiaeia
niinoa??aaoe aioaco ia’?eoea?caoe?? /e noa’?eoea?caoe?? a cia?aaeaii?
iienoaaieo iiae?e. Cae/ia aaeeaaiiy i?e ?iaeeeaoea? i?yiiai caia?a/aiiy
ouv i?aeneeth?oueny eiai iiaoi?aiiyi, i?aee?aneth?oueny oiai/iaiiyi
aiioace ? uiaei a?aeiioaiith aei ae??ne?aii? ae??, ? uiaei caia?a/aiiy
i?e i?aeiaoia? /e ae?oai?yaeieo /eaiao ?a/aiiy: ouvdei.j ou;te ki,ndunoj
ou;te po,lemoj peri. thliko,ntwn h`mi/n to. me,geqoj ge,gonen (VIs) 6(7)
ai? iaaaciaea, ai? a?eia /a?ac oae? aaaeeea? ni?aae ia noaee aeey ian
aaeeeith ia?aoeiaeith; ou;pote evrei/ ouvdei.j w`j evgw. prodou.j tou.j
{Ellhnaj th.n tw/n barba,rwn fili,an ei`lo,mhn (X) VAn) 1(3(6) i?ooi
i?eiee ia neaaea, ui y, c?aaeeaoe a?ae?a, a?aeaeaa ia?aaaao ae?oaea? c
aa?aa?aie. Iiaea?eia aaeeaaiiy a?aeiiniiai, oiiaiiai caia?a/aiiy mh,
i?aeneeth? noa’?eoea?ci oeoia/aiiy iiaoeai ae?eniino?: mhde,pote mhde.n
aivscro.n poih,saj e;lpize lh,sein (VIs) 1(16) c?iaeaoe uinue aaiaaia,
i?eiee ia niiae?aaeny i?eoiaaoe. Oeae ianeaiee iaeac iiaeia ni?eeiaoe ye
iiaaaeaiiy iiaoey, a cian?i ia ye eaoaai?e/iee ?iia?aoea. Aiaeia?/iei ?
?ia?oiee iaeac, ui iaaaaeo? i?inoi aaeeea i?aaiaiiy iiaoey, aea
iani?aaae? i? aei /iai ia ciaia’yco? iniao, ia yeo nea?iaaiee iaeac: mh.
lanqane,tw se mhde, tou/to (X) Kur) 5(2(36) iaoae a?i ia i?eoiao? a?ae
oaaa ? oeueiai.

Cai?iiiiiaaiee iaie aiae?c aiioaoe/ieo eiino?oeoe?e i?e a?iioaenen?
iaeyne?aa?oa cana?ae/o?, ui a?aoeueea iiaa ? a?aeiia?aeia ?e a?aoeueea
ieneaiiy aacothoueny cia/ii a?eueoa ia aaciina?aaeiueiio ni?eeiyoo? ?
a?aeia?aaeaii? ca’yce?a naii? ae?eniino?, i?ae ia ?eai?enoe/iiio
eiino?othaaii? oi?iaeueii-a?aiaoe/ieo ca’yce?a; ?o aeine?aeaeaiiy
i?aeoaa?aeaeo? oaco i?i aeaaiueia?aoeueeee neioaenen ye o?einionueeo
noi?iio a?aiaoeee.

O e?ioe? ?iaioe aeeeaaeaii iniiai? aeniiaee:

1. Nenoaii? yaeua ia a?aiaoe/iiio ??ai? aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae iathoue
iii?oio oaiaeaioe?th aei a?aeoeeaiue a?ae eeane/iiai ii?iaoeao, ui
aeiaaa? iine?aeiaiiai i?iaaaeaiiy ?o aeeoa?aioe?aoe?? ia ?aaoey?i? oa
ia?aaoey?i?.

2. A?aiaoe/iee iioaioe?ae nenoaie ae??neiaa ?aae?co?oueny ia eeoa a
?aaoey?ieo ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo iiaeaeyo. Aeoeai?noue ?
no?ee?noue aeaiaio?a ia?eoa??? ni?ey? ?icai?oaiith i?ioean?a
ia?aaeeaiaoecaoe?? oeaio?o ? e?euee?nii oa ye?nii aieeaa? ia ?o
eaoaai??aeueia aecia/aiiy.

3. Iaeneiaeueia caeo/aiiy yaeu a?aiaoe/ii? ia?eoa??? c aecia/aiiyi ?o
ii?oieia?/ieo, neioaene/ieo, eaeneei-naiaioe/ieo oa
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ieo iniaeeainoae noai?th? oe?e?nio ea?oeio
ia?aaeeaiaoe/ii? ?aaoey?iino?, ia?aaoey?iino? /e aa??aioiino? nenoaie
ae??neiaa.

4. Ia ??ai? ooieoe?iiaeueii? ii?oieia??:

· ia?aaoey?i? yaeua oaiii?aeueiiai ae?aiaciio ?iaeeeaoeaieo ?
ia?iaeeeaoeaieo /aniaeo oi?i aecia/athoueny /a?ac c?noaaeaiiy c ?o
aeaeiaeie iiiceoe?yie;

· ia?aaoey?i? noaiia? iiaeae? oa yaeua aeaiiiaioiino? cana?ae/othoue
cia/io iaa?aeiia?aei?noue ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ii? noa?e noaiiaeo
oi?i, yea cia/ii oe?oa, i?ae a?aiaoe/ii aeaoa?i?iiaaia;

· niiniaia? oi?ie, caa??aath/e oi?iaeuei? ii?oieia?/i? iciaee, a
neioaene/iiio ooieoe?iioaaii? ? iiaeaeueii ia?eiaaieie.

5. Ia ??ai? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai neioaeneno:

· ieac?iiaeuei? /e oaeoeueoaoeai? iiaeae? ae??ne?aii? eiia?iaoi?eee
iiaeooue aooe aeoeoia/ai? ye ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iee aa??aio
?aaoey?ii? iiaeae?;

· ocaiaeaeaiiy i?enoaeea cana?ae/o? /eneaii? aeiaaeee, eiee
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/i? ia?aaoey?i? iiaeae? ooai?ththoue eaoaai??th
oi?iaeueii-eia?/iiai oeio. ?, iaaiaee, aeei?enoaiiy iiaiieiiiiiaioieo
eiino?oeoe?e noa? ia?aaoey?iei yaeuai;

· o nenoai? a?iioaeneno niinoa?aaeaii aeii?ioaaiiy aioo??oiueiai
ia?aoaeoe/iiai ca’yceo, iaeneiaeueia a?aeoai?aiiy ia’?eoeaii-eia?/ieo, a
ia oi?iaeueii-ca?aiaoeciaaieo ca’yce?a, oiio ciai? caeaaaeinue ae
iaaii?yaeeiaai? e ia?aaoey?i? iiaeae? iani?aaae? aeoai?ththoue ia’?iiee
oeaio?, a ia?eoa??ei? a?aeaaeoaeaiiy ? iacia/ieie; ca e?eoa??e ?o
aecia/aiiy ia?aii oi?ie i?yiiai oa iiaeaeueiiai caia?a/ieo ne?a, ?o
ieaiiaci.

6. Canoinoaaiiyi a?aiaoe/ii? e?iaaiaa?iaiaaoeee i?ea?iaeueieo i?iciaeo
oa iiaoe/ieo oaeno?a ooi/iththoueny aeao?i?oe?? oa aenie?eothoueny
oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy ooieoe?iiaeueieo ii?oieia?? oa neioaeneno, ui
aeicaiey? aiineoe ei?aeoe?th a no/ani? ciaiiy a?aiaoe/ii? nenoaie
aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae ? aecia/aoe (? aeae? aea/aoe) iiaeaeuei?,
eiioaenoi? (ae?ioe/i?, ieaiianoe/i?, anei?eyoeai?, ia?eo?anoe/i?,
ocaiaeaeoaaeuei? oa ?i.), ieac?iiaeuei? iiaeae?.

7. Aeine?aeaeaiiy iaea?eueo neeaaeii? ? aaaaoiaeoeeaeaioii? nenoaie
ae??neiaa o ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiio aniaeo? oa oeiieia?caoe?y ia
oa?aeoa?ieo aeey oe?a?inueei? iiae a?aiaoe/ieo eaoaai??e a?aoeueeiai
ae??neiaa (a?aenooi? a oe?a?inuee?e iia? eaoaai??? iioaoeaa, iaae?y oa
?ioeo, aeaiiiaioi?noue, a?aei?ii? neioaene/i? neooaoe?? oiui) aeicaiey?
?ic??ciyoe iniiaia eaene/ia cia/aiiy ae??ne?aii? oi?ie, oi?iaeueii
ca?aiaoeciaaia /e ooieoe?iiaeueii iaoiiaeaia oa aecia/aoe i?eioeeie
ia?aeeaaeo eaac?-aacaea?aaeaioieo eiino?oeoe?e.

Ca ?acoeueoaoaie ?iaioe iioae?eiaaii oae? i?aoe?:

· Caiinueea-Aeaienthe E.E. Aeaaiueia?aoeueea iiaa: I?ae?o/iee aeey
a?aeae?eaiue eeane/ii? o?eieia?? oa aoiai?oa?ieo oaeoeueoao?a aeueo
caeeaae?a ina?oe. — E.: Oii???n, 1997. — 592 c.

· Caiinueea-Aeaienthe E.E. Aioo??oiy no?oeoo?a aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae.
Iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueii? ii?oieia?? nenoaie ae??neiaa. —E.:
Oe?a?inuee? aioeeeeiiaaee/i? ciaiiy, 1999. — 74 n.

· Caiinueea-Aeaienthe E.E. Aioo??oiy no?oeoo?a aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae.
Iniaeeaino? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai neioaeneno nenoaie ae??neiaa. — E.:
Oe?a?inuee? aioeeeeiiaaee/i? ciaiiy, 1999. — 84 n.

· Caiinueea-Aeaienthe E.E. Iacaeaaei? ae??i?eeiaoieeia? eiino?oeoe?? a
a?aoeueeiio oaeno? Iiaiai Caa?oo oa i?iaeaie ?o ia?aeeaaeo oe?a?inueeith
iiaith //A?niee Ee?anueeiai oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea
“Iiaiciaanoai. E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai. Oieueeei?enoeea”. — Aei. 6. — Ee?a,
1998. — N. 46-50.

· Caiinueea-Aeaienthe E.E. I?iaeaie a?aeoai?aiiy ?ae?inoeeth Iiaiai
Caa?oo a no/aniiio ia?aeeaae? oe?a?inueeith iiaith //A?niee Ee?anueeiai
oi?aa?neoaoo ?i. Oa?ana Oaa/aiea “Iiaiciaanoai. E?oa?aoo?iciaanoai.
Oieueeei?enoeea”. — Aei. 5. — Ee?a, 1997. — N. 67-70.

Caiinueea-Aeaienthe E.E. Ia?aaoey?i? yaeua a nenoai? ae??neiaa
aeaaiueia?aoeueei? iiae eeane/iiai ia??iaeo (ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iee
aniaeo). — ?oeiien.

Aeena?oaoe?y ia caeiaoooy iaoeiaiai nooiaiy eaiaeeaeaoa o?eieia?/ieo
iaoe ca niaoe?aeuei?noth 10.02.14 — eeane/i? iiae. Ie?ai?
?iaei?a?iiaenuee? iiae. Ee?anueeee oi?aa?neoao ?iai? Oa?ana Oaa/aiea,
Ee?a, 1999.

O aeena?oaoe?eiiio aeine?aeaeaii? aiae?co?oueny a?aiaoe/ia nenoaia
aeaaiueia?aoeueeiai ae??neiaa o ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iiio aniaeo?.
I?iaaaeaii c?noaaiee aiae?c ?aaoey?ieo oa ia?aaoey?ieo yaeu ia ??ai?
ooieoe?iiaeueii? ii?oieia?? ? ooieoe?iiaeueiiai neioaeneno. Ia oii?
?aaoey?ieo yaeu aeine?aeaeothoueny yaeua a?aiaoe/ii? ia?eoa??? ?
aecia/athoueny ?o no?oeoo?ii-naiaioe/i? oa ooieoe?iiaeuei?
caeiiii??iino?. Eaoaai??? /ano, noaio, niiniao ?icaeyaeathoueny /a?ac
i?iya o ieo aniaeooaeueiino?. Eiiieaenii aeine?aeaeaii iniaeeaino?
ia?aaoey?ieo noaiiaeo iiaeaeae oa aeaiiiaioieo ae??ne?a, ye?
cana?ae/othoue cia/io iaa?aeiia?aei?noue ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/ii?
noa?e noaiiaeo oi?i ?o a?aiaoe/i?e aeaoa?i?iiaaiino?. Iayaia
ooieoe?iiaeueii-neioaene/ia oa?aeoa?enoeea yaeu ae??ne?aii?
eiia?iaoi?eee c caeo/aiiyi oacao?oniiai aa?aaeueiiai oiiaeo eeane/ieo
aaoi??a. I?iaaaeaii aiae?c ia?aaoey?ieo ae??ne?aieo iiaeaeae o nenoai?
ia?aoaeneno, iacaeaaeieo eiino?oeoe?e oa a?iioaeneno. Iiaei ?
cai?iiiiiaaiee aniaeo aeine?aeaeaiiy ae??neiaa i?e a?iioaenen?;
i?iaaaeaiee aiae?c aiioaoe/ieo eiino?oeoe?e o ??cieo iiaeaeyo ae?aaeaiiy
i?enoaeea aeicaiey? anoaiiaeoe iniiai? oaiaeaioe?? aaeeaaiiy ye
ae??ne?aieo oi?i, oae ? caia?a/ieo ne?a ? ae?ac?a. Oai?aoe/i? iieiaeaiiy
?ethno?othoueny iaoa??aeii i?ea?iaeueieo oaeno?a eeane/iiai ii?iaoeao.

Eeth/ia? neiaa: ?aaoey?i? oa ia?aaoey?i? yaeua,
ooieoe?iiaeueii-naiaioe/iee aniaeo, a?aiaoe/i? eaoaai???, aeaiiiaioi?
ae??neiaa, ae??ne?aia eiia?iaoi?eea, ia?aoaenen, a?iioaenen, iacaeaaei?
ae??ne?ai? eiino?oeoe??, aiioaoe/i? eiino?oeoe??.

Caiineay-Aeaienthe E.E. Ia?aaoey?iua yaeaiey a nenoaia aeaaiea
ae?aaiaa?a/aneiai ycuea eeanne/aneiai ia?eiaea
(ooieoeeiiaeueii-naiaioe/aneee aniaeo).

Aeenna?oaoeey ia nieneaiea o/aiie noaiaie eaiaeeaeaoa oeeieiae/aneeo
iaoe ii niaoeeaeueiinoe 10.02.14 — eeanne/aneea ycuee. Ioaeaeueiua
eiaeiaa?iiaeneea ycuee. Eeaaneee oieaa?neoao eiaie Oa?ana Oaa/aiei,
Eeaa, 1999.

A ?aaioa i?iaaaeai niiinoaaeoaeueiue aiaeec ?aaoey?iuo e ia?aaoey?iuo
yaeaiee nenoaiu ae?aaiaa?a/aneiai aeaaiea ia o?iaia ooieoeeiiaeueiie
ii?oieiaee e ooieoeeiiaeueiiai neioaenena. I?e enneaaeiaaiee naeaeaia
iiiuoea ii?aaeaeeoue i?e/eiu e iainiiaaoue aioo?aiiea caeiiiia?iinoe
ia?aaoey?iuo yaeaiee.

Eaoaai?ee a?aiaie, caeiaa, iaeeiiaiey ?anniao?eaathony /a?ac i?iyaeaiey
a ieo aniaeooaeueiinoe. Ia?aaeeaio aeaiiiaioiuo aeaaieia ia?aniio?aii ia
i?aaeiao onoaiiaeaiey caeiiiia?iinoae caeiaiai aaciiiiceoeeiiiuo
aeaaieia. Ca i?eioeeiii eo eaeneei-naiaioe/aneie e ooieoeeiiaeueiie
eeanneoeeaoeee ninoaaeaii aa?aaeueiue eiiiaiaeee aeaiiiaioiuo aeaaieia
eeanne/aneiai ii?iaoeaa.

A noa?a ooieoeeiiaeueiiai neioaenena aia?aua i?aaeiaoii
ooieoeeiiaeueii-naiaioe/aneiai aiaeeca noaee ?aciiiaaeaaeiua oi?iu
au?aaeaiey eiaiiie /anoe neacoaiiai, ieeaceiiaeueiua iiaeaee aeaaieueiie
eiiaeiaoi?eee.

?anniio?aii i?iaeaiu ooieoeeiie?iaaiey iacaaeneiuo aeaaieueiuo
eiino?oeoeee, yeeeioe/aneeo e yioaoe/aneeo iiaeaeae, niaeaniaaiey
neacoaiiai n iiaeeaaeauei a iiiinoauaeoiuo e iieenoauaeoiuo
eiino?oeoeeyo. ?anoe?aia eioa?i?aoaoeey no?oeoo?ii-ooieoeeiiaeueiuo
iniaaiiinoae i?e/anoey e ia?oeoeeieaeueiuo eiino?oeoeee.

Iiaui yaeyaony i?aaeeiaeaiiue aniaeo enneaaeiaaiey aeaaieueiuo yaeaiee
nenoaiu aeiioaenena. I?iaaaeaiiue aiaeec aiioaoe/aneeo eiino?oeoeee a
?aciuo iiaeaeyo au?aaeaiey neacoaiiai iicaieyao onoaiiaeoue iniiaiua
oaiaeaioeee oiio?aaeaiey eae aeaaieueiuo oi?i, oae e io?eoeaoaeueiuo
neia e au?aaeaiee.

Oai?aoe/aneea iieiaeaiey a ?aaioa iiaeoaa?aeaeathony a?aiiaoe/aneie
aa?iaiaaoeeie cia/eoaeueiiai eiee/anoaa i?eaeiaeueiuo ?aciiaeai?iauo
oaenoia eeanne/aneie yiioe e aeaiiuie nia?aiaiiuo eaeneeia?aoe/aneeo
enoi/ieeia ae?aaiaa?a/aneiai ycuea.

Aeenna?oaoeeiiiue iaoa?eae eiaao oai?aoe/aneia cia/aiea aeey ecuneaiee
ii niiinoaaeoaeueiie a?aiiaoeea eeanne/aneeo ycueia e cia/eoaeueiia
i?aeoe/aneia eniieueciaaiea.

Eeth/aaua neiaa: ?aaoey?iua e ia?aaoey?iua yaeaiey,
ooieoeeiiaeueii-naiaioe/aneee aniaeo, a?aiiaoe/aneea eaoaai?ee,
aeaiiiaioiua aeaaieu, aeaaieueiay eiiaeiaoi?eea, ia?aoaenen, aeiioaenen,
iacaaeneiua aeaaieueiua eiino?oeoeee, aiioaoe/aneea eiino?oeoeee.

Zvonska-Denysyuk L.L. Irregular phenomenons in the verb system of
ancient Greek language of classical period (functional-semsntic aspect).
— Manuscript.

The thesis for competition of academic degree of candidate of
philological science according to 10.02.14 — classical languages.
Particular Indo-European languages. Taras Shevcyenco Kyiv University,
Kyiv, 1999.

Grammatical system of ancient Greek verb in functional-semantic aspect
is analyzed in the thesis research. Contrastive analysis of regular and
irregular phenomenon`s on the level of functional morphology and
functional syntax is carried out. The phenomenon`s of grammatical
periphery are investigated and their structure-semantic and functional
regularities are determined on the background of regular phenomenon`s.
Categories of tense, voice, mood are envisaged through their
aspectuality. The peculiarities of irregular voice models and deponent
verbs are investigated complex. They evident considerable nonconformity
of functional-semantic sphere of voice forms and their grammatical
determinate. Functional-syntactical characteristic of the phenomenon`s
of verb combinatorial with attracting dictionary verbal fund of
classical authors is present. The analysis of irregular verb models in
the system of paratax, independent constructions and hypotax is carried
out. Offered aspect of investigation of verb with hypotax is new one.
Carried out analysis of apophatical constructions in different models of
expression of predicate allows to define the main tendencies of using of
verb forms as well as negative words and expressions. Theoretical
regulation are illustrated with material of original texts of classical
norm.

Key words: regular and irregular phenomenon`s, functional-semantic
aspect, grammatical categories, deponent verb, verb combinatory,
paratax, hypotax, independent verb constructions, apophatical
constructions.

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